Battery Charger/starter
66783
Set up and Operating Instructions
Distributed exclusively by Harbor Freight Tools®.
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd., Camarillo, CA 93011
Visit our website at: http://www.harborfreight.com
Read this material before using this product.
Failure to do so can result in serious injury.
Save this manual.
Copyright© 2009 by Harbor Freight Tools®. All rights reserved. No portion of this manual or any artwork
contained herein may be reproduced in any shape or form without the express written consent of
Harbor Freight Tools. Diagrams within this manual may not be drawn proportionally. Due to continuing
improvements, actual product may differ slightly from the product described herein. Tools required for
assembly and service may not be included.
For technical questions or replacement parts, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Specifications
Input
120 V~, 60 Hz, 2.2 A
Output
12 VDC
12 VDC
6 VDC
Engine Start
-
-
-
-
Battery Leads
10* A
Power Cord
2* A
10* A
55 A Weight
6’ 7” x 16 AWG
E224783
6’ 5” x 18 AWG
(3-Prong Grounded Plug)
10 lb.
*Amperage is only present when the unit is connected to a battery or in START mode.
Important Safeguards
Important Safety instructions
1.
“SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” - This manual contains important safety and
operating instructions for battery charger Model: 66783.
2.
Do not expose charger to rain or snow.
3.
Use of an attachment not recommended or sold by the battery charger
manufacturer may result in a risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
4.
To reduce risk of damage to electric plug and cord, pull by plug rather than cord
when disconnecting charger. An extension cord should not be used unless
absolutely necessary.
5.
Use of improper extension cord could result in a risk of fire and electric shock. If
extension cord must be used, make sure:
a.That pins on plug of extension cord are the same number, size, and shape as
those of plug on charger.
b.That extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical condition.
c. That wire size is large enough for AC ampere rating of charger.
MINIMUM AWG WIRE SIZE FOR EXTENSION CORDS FOR THIS BATTERY
CHARGER
AC input
Length of cord, m
AC input
Length of cord, m
Current I, A
AWG size of cord
Current I, A
AWG size of cord
25
50
100
150
0<I<2
18
18
18
16
2<I<3
18
18
16
3<I<4
18
18
4<I<5
18
5<I<6
18
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25
50
100
150
6<I<8
18
16
12
10
14
8 < I < 10
18
14
12
10
16
14
10 < I < 12
16
14
10
8
18
14
12
12 < I < 14
16
12
10
8
16
14
12
14 < I < 16
16
12
10
8
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783
4.
GROUNDING AND AC POWER CORD CONNECTION INSTRUCTIONS Charger should be grounded to reduce risk of electric shock. Charger is equipped
with an electric cord having an equipment-grounding conductor and a grounding
plug. The plug must be plugged into an outlet that is properly installed and
grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances.
DANGER - Never alter AC cord or plug provided - if it will not fit outlet, have
proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Improper connection can result in a
risk of an electric shock.
This battery charger is for use on a nominal 120-volt circuit, and has a grounding
plug that looks like the plug illustrated in sketch A in Below Figure. A temporary
adapter, which looks like the adapter illustrated in sketch B, may be used to
connect this plug to a two-pole receptacle as shown in sketch B if a properly
grounded outlet is not available. The temporary adapter should be used only until a
properly grounded outlet can be installed by a qualified electrician.
Metal Screw
Grounding
Pin
Cover of Grounded
Outlet Box
(A)
(B)
DANGER - Before using adapter as illustrated, be certain that center screw
of outlet plate is grounded. The green-colored rigid ear or lug extending from
adapter must be connected to a properly grounded outlet- make certain it is
grounded. If necessary, replace original outlet cover plate screw with a longer
screw that will secure adapter ear or lug to outlet cover plate and make ground
connection to grounded outlet.
5.
Do not operate this charger with a damaged cord or plug – replace the cord or plug
immediately.
6.
Do not operate charger if it has received a sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise
damaged in any way; take it to a qualified serviceman.
7.
Do not disassemble charger; take it to a qualified serviceman when service or
repair is required. Incorrect reassembly may result in a risk of electric shock or
fire.
8.
To reduce risk of electric shock, unplug charger from outlet before attempting any
maintenance or cleaning.
9.
WARNING - RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES.
a.Working in the vicinity of a lead-acid battery is dangerous. Batteries generate
explosive gases during normal battery operation. For this reason, it is of utmost
REV 09b
SKU 66783
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 3
importance that each time before using your charger, you read this and follow the
instructions exactly.
b.To reduce the risk of the battery explosion, follow these instructions and those
published by battery manufacturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend
to use in vicinity of battery. Review cautionary markings on these products and on
engine.
11. PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS
a.Someone should be within range of your voice, or close enough to come to your
aid, when you work near a lead-acid battery.
b.Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin,
clothing, or eyes.
c. Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while
working near battery.
d.If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water. If
acid enters eye, immediately flood with running cold water for at least 10 minutes
and get medical attention immediately.
e.NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine.
f. Be extra cautious to reduce risk of dropping a metal tool onto battery. It might
spark or short-circuit battery or other electrical part that may cause an explosion.
g.Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches
when working near a lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery can produce a shortcircuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe
burn.
h.Use this charger for charging LEAD-ACID batteries only. It is not intended to
supply power to a low voltage electrical system other than in an automotive
application. Do not use battery charger for charging dry-cell batteries that are
commonly used with home appliances. These batteries may burst and cause
injury to persons and damage to property.
i. NEVER charge a frozen battery.
12. PREPARING TO CHARGE BATTERY
a.If it becomes necessary to remove the battery from the vehicle to charge, always
remove grounded terminal from battery first. Make sure all accessories in the
vehicle are off, so as not to cause an arc.
b.Be sure area around battery is well ventilated while battery is being charged.
Gases can be forcefully blown away, by using a piece of cardboard or other nonmetallic material such as a fan.
c. Clean battery terminals. Be careful to keep corrosion from coming in contact with
eyes.
Page 4
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783
d.Add distilled water in each cell until battery acid reaches level specified by battery
manufacturer. This helps purge excessive gas from cells. Do not overfill. For a
battery without cell caps, carefully follow manufacturer’s recharging instructions.
e.Study all battery manufacturer’s specific precautions such as removing or not
removing cell caps while charging and recommended rates of charge.
f. Determinate voltage of battery by referring to car owner’s manual and make
sure that output voltage selector switch is set at correct voltage. If charger has
adjustable charge rate, charge battery initially at lowest rate.
13. CHARGER LOCATION
a.Locate charger as far away from battery as the DC cable permits.
b.Never place charger directly above battery being charged; gases from battery will
corrode and damage charger.
c. Never allow battery acid to drip on charger when reading gravity or filling battery.
d.Do not operate charger in a closed-in area or restrict ventilation in any way.
e.Do not set a battery on top of charger.
14. DC CONNECTION PRECAUTIONS
a.Connect and disconnect DC output clips only after removing AC cord from electric
outlet. Never allow clips to touch each other.
b.Attach clips to battery and chassis as indicated in 15 (e), 15 (f), 16 (b), and 16 (d).
15. Follow these steps when battery is installed in vehicle. A spark near battery may
cause battery explosion. To reduce risk of a spark near battery:
a.Position AC and DC cords to reduce the risk of damage by hood, door, or moving
engine parts.
b.Stay clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys, and other parts that can cause injury to
persons.
c. Check polarity of battery posts. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has
larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
d.Determine which battery post is grounded (connected) to the chassis. If negative
post is grounded to chassis (as in most vehicles), see (e). If the positive post is
grounded to the chassis, see (f).
e.For negative-grounded vehicle, connect POSITIVE (RED) clip from battery
charger to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) ungrounded post of battery. Connect
NEGATIVE (BLACK) clip to vehicle chassis or engine block away from battery. Do
not connect clip to the carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts. Connect
to a heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
f. For positive-grounded vehicle, only connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) clip from
battery charger to NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) ungrounded post of battery. Connect
POSITIVE (RED) clip to vehicle chassis or engine block away from battery. Do not
SKU 66783
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 5
connect clip to the carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts. Connect to a
heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
g.When disconnecting charger disconnect AC cord, remove clip from vehicle
chassis, and then remove clip from battery terminal.
h.See operating instructions for length of charge information.
16. Follow these steps when battery is outside vehicle. A spark near battery may cause
battery explosion. To reduce risk of a spark near battery:
a.Check polarity of battery posts. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has
larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
b.Attach at least a 24 inch long 6 gauge (AWG) insulated battery cable to
NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) battery post.
c. Connect POSITIVE (RED) charger clip to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) post of battery.
d.Position yourself and free end of cable as far away from battery as possible- then
connect NEGATIVE (BLACK) charger clip to free end of the cable.
e.Do not face battery when making final connection.
f. When disconnecting charger, always do so in the reverse sequence of connecting
procedure and break first connection while as far away from the battery as
practical.
g.A marine (boat) battery must be removed and charged on shore. To charge it on
board requires equipment specially designed for marine use.
Save these Instructions
Specific Safety Rules for the Battery Charger
1.
Maintain labels and nameplates on the Battery Charger. These carry important
information. If unreadable or missing, contact Harbor Freight Tools for a
replacement.
2.
Always wear safety impact eye goggles and heavy work gloves when
using the Battery Charger. Using personal safety devices reduce the
risk for injury. Safety impact eye goggles and heavy work gloves are
available from Harbor Freight Tools.
3.
Maintain a safe working environment. Keep the work area well lit. Make sure
there is adequate surrounding workspace. Always keep the work area free of
obstructions, grease, oil, trash, and other debris. Do not use a power tool in areas
near flammable chemicals, dusts, and vapors. Do not use this product in a damp
or wet location.
4.
Avoid unintentional starting. Make sure you are prepared to begin work before
turning on the Battery Charger.
Page 6
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783
5.
Always unplug the Battery Charger from its electrical outlet before
connecting its cables to a battery, or performing and inspection,
maintenance, or cleaning procedures.
6.
Keep extension cord off wet ground and away from water.
7.
Use this Battery Charger with lead/acid batteries only. When charging a
maintenance-free battery, always monitor the progress of the charge by viewing
the ammeter. Do not over charge a maintenance-free battery.
8.
Do not attempt to charge non-rechargeable or defective batteries.
9.
Keep connections and cable clamps clean and free from corrosion.
10. Never simultaneously charge several batteries.
11. Do not discard used batteries in the trash. Properly recycle according to local
environmental codes.
12. WARNING: This product contains or, when used, produces a chemical known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
(California Health & Safety Code § 25249.5, et seq.)
13. WARNING: People with pacemakers should consult their physician(s) before using
this product. Electromagnetic fields in close proximity to a heart pacemaker could
cause interference to or failure of the pacemaker.
14. Risk of Explosion!
• If you detect gas, do not adjust any switches. Do not disconnect the
charging clamps. Immediately ventilate the room by opening windows and
doors. Do not switch on an electrical fan. When the air has cleared of gas,
unplug the unit from the electrical outlet.
• Charge the battery in a well-ventilated area.
• To prevent sparking due to electrostatic discharge, never wear clothes made of
synthetic materials when charging the battery.
• Avoid creating or working around any flames or sparks; flames or sparks can
ignite the gasses caused by charging and cause an explosion.
Unpacking
When unpacking, check to make sure that the item is intact and undamaged. If any
parts are missing or broken, please call Harbor Freight Tools at the number on the cover
of this manual as soon as possible.
SKU 66783
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 7
Setup
About Charging Batteries
Batteries draw as much power as they need from the charger. The charger does
not force current into the battery. When a battery is close to dead or very low charged,
it will want to draw more current. When a dead or low battery is charged, the charger’s
ammeter will register at the high end. As the battery charges, the reading will move
down toward the low end, resting on zero, when the battery is fully charged. See
FIGURE 1 below.
FIGURE 1
Note: The ammeter shows the amount of current being drawn from the charger. It
does not show what the charger is capable of delivering. When the battery is
fully charged and registering zero on the ammeter, a small charge will continue to
move from the charger to the battery. If you do not disconnect the charger from
the battery, eventually the heat build up from the charge will cause the battery
acid to boil and overcharge the battery causing damage to the battery. You
must constantly monitor battery charging progress and if battery gets warm, stop
charging it immediately.
Note: When charging a battery with a built-in hydrometer eye, do not depend on the
hydrometer eye to determine the battery charge level.
WARNING! Use this charger only on flooded lead-acid batteries. Other batteries may
be damaged or may overheat, leak, or catch fire.
Do not plug this charger in until directed to do
so in the following pages of this manual.
Page 8
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783
of the battery. If charging a battery
mounted in a vehicle, first remove the
vehicle’s red cable from the battery;
otherwise damage may occur to the
vehicle’s electrical system. If in doubt,
refer to the vehicle’s service manual.
Preparing the Battery
1.
2.
If necessary, remove the battery
from the vehicle to charge it. When
removing the battery, disconnect the
grounded battery cable first.
Reminder: Turn off vehicle’s engine
before removing, replacing, or
charging a battery.
If necessary, add distilled water to the
battery cells before charging. Read
and follow the battery manufacturer’s
instruction manual. Never add water
to a battery while attached to a
charger, or in close proximity to the
charger. Do not overfill.
3.
Clean battery terminals.
4.
Check the battery manufacturer’s
instructions on whether or not to have
the cell caps on when charging. If not
stated, leave the cell caps on.
CHARGING BATTERIES
Caution: Do not overcharge maintenancefree batteries.
1.
Place the Battery Charger and
battery in a well-ventilated area.
2.
Determine the voltage of the battery
from the battery labels.
3.
Push the Select Setting switch to the
desired battery voltage and mode.
4.
If charging a battery while in a
vehicle, leave the hood open and do
not leave the charger unattended.
Separate the charger and battery as
much as possible.
5.
With the Battery Charger unplugged,
connect the positive (red) Cable
Clamp (2) to the positive terminal
REV 09g; 09h
SKU 66783
6.
Connect the negative (black) Cable
Clamp (2) to the negative terminal of
the battery.
7.
Plug the Power Cord (3) into the
electrical outlet.
Note: If the Red Reverse Connection
LED is lit, the cables are connected
to the wrong battery terminals. If this
happens, immediately unplug the
charger and switch the connections.
8.
For a quick charge assist to enable
starting the engine, charge for 5 to 10
minutes.
WARNING! Do not leave a battery
unattended while charging.
9.
For a full charge, leave the Battery
Charger running. See below for a
description of the charge modes.
a.12 V / 10 A or 12 V / 2 A mode:
When the battery is fully
charged, the Battery Charger will
automatically go to standby and the
green LED will remain lit.
b.6 V / 10 A mode:
The Battery Charger will supply
current to the battery at a constant
rate. To prevent damage to
the battery, it must be promptly
disconnected when charging is
complete.
Note: Do not leave Battery Charger on for
long duration without checking the
distilled water level of the battery; do
not allow distilled water to boil off.
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
Page 9
10. Disconnect charger and unplug the
Power Cord (3) from the electrical
outlet.
11. Disconnect the Cable Clamps from
the battery.
Ammeter Readings
The ammeter shows how much
charging current is drawn from the
charger (to the battery). When a dead
or low battery is charged the charger’s
ammeter will register at the high end. As
the battery charges, the reading will move
down toward the low end, resting on zero,
when the battery is fully charged. When
using the battery in engine starting mode
(discussed further down this page) the
needle on the ammeter will peg toward the
high end of the ammeter.
Do not depend on reading the
ammeter to approximate how long
charging will take. Even at full charge the
ammeter will still be providing as much as
50 percent of the charger’s output rating.
It’s best to monitor the battery’s charge.
Sometimes, certain conditions such as a
cold battery, a sulfated battery, or a deeply
discharged Lead Calcium battery (on
many newer cars) may cause the ammeter
to read near a full charge, when the
charging process is only beginning.
use. Have the battery checked by a qualified technician.
Engine Starting
Note: This charger’s high-current output
can help start vehicles with weak
batteries. Some newer vehicles
with onboard computers may
be damaged from this process.
Thoroughly read the vehicle owner’s
manual before using this procedure.
1.
Connect the charger to the battery
as discussed on pages 7 and 8, but
leave the battery cables attached.
2.
Set the charger to charge the battery
for 5-10 minutes according to the
appropriate charge rate for the size
of the battery as explained on the
previous 2 pages.
3.
Set the select function switch to Start
and the select switch to 55A.
(See FIGURE 1 on page 6.)
4.
Try to start the vehicle. If it doesn’t
start in 12 seconds, stop and allow
the charger to rest for 4 minutes.
After resting, it may be beneficial to
charge the battery as explained in
step 2 before attempting Repeat this
process until successful.
Note: Cold batteries (at or below 32°
Fahrenheit) begin charging at a low
rate and then increase as the battery
warms. When the battery charges
up, the rate will decrease at a normal
rate. Do not charge a frozen battery.
Note: If the engine continues to spin
but will not start after several
tries, than you may have another
problem unrelated to charging.
Stop attempting to start/charge the
battery until the problem is found
and corrected. Continued engine
SHORTED BATTERIES will read on the
cranking may damage the vehicle’s
ammeter as a high end peg at the beginstarter.
ning of the charging process. If after 5-10
minutes the needle does not move off of the
high end, the battery probably has a short
circuit. Unplug the charger and discontinue
REV 09b
Page 10
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783
Maintenance
WARNING: Unplug the Charger from its electrical outlet before performing any
inspection, maintenance, or cleaning procedures.
1.
Before each use, inspect the general condition of the Battery Charger. Check for
loose screws, cracked or broken parts, damaged electrical wiring, and any other
condition that may affect its safe operation. If abnormal noise occurs, have the
problem corrected before further use. Do not use damaged equipment.
2.
Periodically recheck all nuts, bolts, and screws for tightness.
3.
After each use, wipe down the Cable Clamps and apply a light grease.
4.
Store in a clean and dry location.
Parts List and Assembly Diagram
Part
1
2
3
Description
Charger
Clamps
Power Cord
Q’ty
1
2
1
1
3
2
SKU 66783
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Page 11
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CAREFULLY
THE MANUFACTURER AND/OR DISTRIBUTOR HAS
PROVIDED THE PARTS DIAGRAM IN THIS MANUAL AS A
REFERENCE TOOL ONLY. NEITHER THE MANUFACTURER
NOR DISTRIBUTOR MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION
OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND TO THE BUYER THAT
HE OR SHE IS QUALIFIED TO MAKE ANY REPAIRS TO
THE PRODUCT OR THAT HE OR SHE IS QUALIFIED TO
REPLACE ANY PARTS OF THE PRODUCT. IN FACT, THE
MANUFACTURER AND/OR DISTRIBUTOR EXPRESSLY
STATES THAT ALL REPAIRS AND PARTS REPLACEMENTS
SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN BY CERTIFIED AND LICENSED
TECHNICIANS AND NOT BY THE BUYER. THE BUYER
ASSUMES ALL RISK AND LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF
HIS OR HER REPAIRS TO THE ORIGINAL PRODUCT OR
REPLACEMENT PARTS THERETO, OR ARISING OUT OF
HIS OR HER INSTALLATION OF REPLACEMENT PARTS
THERETO.
Note: Some parts are listed and shown for
illustration purposes only and are not
available individually as replacement
parts.
LIMITED 90 DAY WARRANTY
Harbor Freight Tools Co. makes every
effort to assure that its products meet
high quality and durability standards, and
warrants to the original purchaser that this
product is free from defects in materials
and workmanship for the period of 90 days
from the date of purchase. This warranty
does not apply to damage due directly or
indirectly, to misuse, abuse, negligence or
accidents, repairs or alterations outside
our facilities, criminal activity, improper
installation, normal wear and tear, or to
lack of maintenance. We shall in no event
be liable for death, injuries to persons
or property, or for incidental, contingent,
special or consequential damages arising
from the use of our product. Some states
do not allow the exclusion or limitation
of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitation of exclusion may
not apply to you. This warranty is
expressly in lieu of all other
Page 12
warranties, express or implied,
including the warranties of
merchantability and fitness.
To take advantage of this warranty,
the product or part must be returned to
us with transportation charges prepaid.
Proof of purchase date and an explanation
of the complaint must accompany the
merchandise. If our inspection verifies
the defect, we will either repair or replace
the product at our election or we may
elect to refund the purchase price if
we cannot readily and quickly provide
you with a replacement. We will return
repaired products at our expense, but if we
determine there is no defect, or that the
defect resulted from causes not within the
scope of our warranty, then you must bear
the cost of returning the product.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights and you may also have other rights
which vary from state to state.
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd. •
PO Box 6009 • Camarillo, CA 93011 •
(800) 444-3353
For technical questions, please call 1-800-444-3353.
SKU 66783