Honda VFR750F 1995 User's Manual

IMPORTANT INFORMATION
•
OPERATOR AND PASSENGER
This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and one passenger. Never exceed the maximum weight
capacity as shown on the tire information label.
•
ON-ROAD USE
This motorcycle is not equipped with a spark arrester and is designed to be used only on the road.
Operation in forest, brush or grass covered areas may be illegal. Obey local laws and regulations.
•
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL CAREFULLY
Pay special attention to the safety messages that appear throughout the manual. These messages are
fully explained in the "Safety Messages" section which appears opposite the Contents page.
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain with the motorcycle when
resold.
HONDA VFR750F
OWNER'S MANUAL
1995
All information in this publication is based on the latest production information available at the time of approval for
printing. HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. 1994
WELCOME
Your new motorcycle presents you with an invitation to adventure and a challenge to master the machine. Your
safety depends not only on your own alertness and familiarity with the motorcycle, but also the motorcycle's
mechanical condition. A pre-ride inspection before every outing and regular maintenance are essential.
To help meet the challenges safely and enjoy the adventure fully, become thoroughly familiar with this Owner's
Manual BEFORE YOU RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE.
Also for your own and your Honda's sake, please read all the written material which came with your new Honda.
These items include (USA only):
•
•
•
•
Honda Owner's Identification Card
Set-up and Pre-delivery Checklist
Honda Motorcycle Warranties Booklet
You And Your Motorcycle RIDING TIPS & PRACTICE GUIDE
When service is required, remember that your Honda dealer knows what it takes to keep your Honda going strong. If
you have the required mechanical "know-how" and tools, your dealer can supply you with Honda's Common Service
Manual and an official Model Specific Service Manual to help you perform many maintenance and repair tasks.
Pleasant riding, and thank you for choosing a Honda!
SAFETY MESSAGES
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. We have provided important safety messages in this manual
and on your motorcycle. Please read these messages carefully.
A safety message alerts you to potential hazards that can hurt you and others. Each safety message is preceded by
a safety alert symbol and one of three words DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These mean:
DANGER
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if
you don't follow instructions.
WARNING
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if
you don't follow instructions.
CAUTION
You CAN be HURT if you don't follow instructions.
Each message tells you what the hazard is, what can happen, and what you can do to avoid or reduce injury.
Damage Prevention Messages
You will also see other important messages that are preceded by the word NOTICE.
This word means:
NOTICE
Your motorcycle or other property can be damaged if
you don't follow instructions.
The purpose of these messages is to help prevent damage to your Honda, other property, or the environment.
OPERATION
Page
1
1
3
5
9
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
Important Safety Information
Protective Apparel
Loading, Accessories and
Modifications
Safety Labels
11
14
PARTS LOCATION
Instruments and Indicators
20
MAJOR COMPONENTS (Information
you need to operate this motorcycle)
Suspension
Brakes
Clutch
Coolant
Fuel
Engine Oil
Tires
20
23
26
28
30
33
34
40
40
41
ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL
COMPONENTS
Ignition Switch
Right Handlebar Controls
Page
42
43
43
44
45
46
47
Left Handlebar Controls
48
50
51
FEATURES (Not required for operation)
Steering Lock
Helmet Holder
Seat
Owner's Manual Storage
Storage Compartment for
U-shaped Lock
Rear Seat Cover
Middle Fairing
Side Cover
52
52
54
58
59
61
62
63
64
OPERATION
Pre-ride Inspection
Starting the Engine
Break-in
Shifting
Braking
High Altitude Riding (USA only)
Parking
Anti-theft Tips
MAINTENANCE
Page
65
65
66
67
68
69
72
73
74
75
MAINTENANCE
The Importance of Maintenance
Maintenance Safety
Safety Precautions
Emission Requirements (USA only)
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Record
Tool Kit
Serial Numbers
Color Label
76
76
FILTERS/LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
80
80
83
84
85
ENGINE
Spark Plugs
Throttle Operation
Idle Speed
Coolant
86
86
DRIVE TRAIN
Drive Chain
Page
91
91
93
94
FRAME /WHEELS /BRAKES
Brake Pad Wear
Side Stand
Wheel Removal
101
101
104
ELECTRICAL
Battery
Fuses
107
CLEANING
109
STORAGE GUIDE
112
SPECIFICATIONS
116
116
117
120
121
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Emission Control Systems
Warranty Service
Reporting Safety Defects
1
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Your motorcycle can provide many years of
service and pleasure - if you take responsibility for
your own safety and understand the challenges that
you can meet on the road.
There is much that you can do to protect yourself
when you ride. You'll find many helpful
recommendations throughout this manual Following
are a few that we consider most important.
Always Wear a Helmet
It's a proven fact: Helmets significantly reduce
the number and severity of head injuries so always
wear a helmet and make sure your passenger does
the same. We also recommend that you wear eye
protection, sturdy boots, gloves and other protective
gear (page 3).
Take a Rider Training Course
Because many accidents involve inexperienced
or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a
certified course approved by the Motorcycle
Safety Foundation (MSF).
New riders should start with the basic course, and
even experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information
about the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number (800) 447-4700
(USA only).
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane. Always pay
attention to other vehicles around you, and do
not assume that other drivers see you.
Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive
maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet
You and Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your new
motorcycle (USA only).
2
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they
are not looking for them. To make yourself more
visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position
yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it
will help others notice you.
Ride Within Your Limits
Pushing the limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue
and inattention can significantly reduce your
ability to make good judgments and ride
safely.
Keep Your Bike in Safe Condition
For safe riding, it's important to inspect your
motorcycle before every ride and perform all
recommended maintenance. Never exceed load
limits, and only use accessories that have been
approved by Honda for this motorcycle. See
page 5 for more details.
3
PROTECTIVE APPAREL
For your safety, we strongly recommend that you
always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye
protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a longsleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride Although
complete protection is not possible, wearing proper
gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you choose
proper gear.
WARNING
Not wearing a helmet increases the
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye protection
and other protective apparel when you
ride.
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece of
riding gear because it offers the best protection
against head injuries. A helmet should fit your
head comfortably and securely. A brightcolored helmet can make you more noticeable
in traffic, as can reflective strips.
An open-face helmet offers some protection,
but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless
of the style, look for a DOT (Department of
Transportation) sticker in any helmet you buy
(USA only), and always wear a face shield or
goggles to protect your eyes and help your
vision.
4
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also
recommend:
•
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect
your feet and ankles.
•
Leather gloves to keep your hands warm and
help prevent blisters, cuts, burns and bruises.
•
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as
well as protection. Bright-colored and reflective
clothing can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Be sure to avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your motorcycle.
5
LOADING, ACCESSORIES AND
MODIFICATIONS
Your motorcycle has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger. you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so long as
you keep your motorcycle well-maintained
with good tires and brakes, you can safely
carry loads within the given limits and
guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
affect your motorcycle's handling, braking and
stability. Non Honda accessions, improper
modifications, and poor maintenance can also
reduce your safety margin,
The following pages give more specific
information on loading, accessories and
modifications.
Loading
How much weight you put on your motorcycle,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or
cargo you should be aware of the following
information.
WARNING
Overloading or improper loading can
cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other loading
guidelines in this manual.
6
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Maximum weight capacity:
175 kg (386 lbs)
Includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo and all accessories
Maximum cargo weight:
27 kg (60 lbs)
Loading Guidelines
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You may
wish to secure a jacket or other small items to
the seat when you are not riding with a
passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check with
your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to
read the information regarding accessories on
page 7.
Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect
its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is
properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds
and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a
passenger or cargo:
•
Check that both tires are properly inflated.
•
If you change your normal load, you may need
to adjust the front suspension (page 20) and
the rear suspension (page 21).
•
To prevent loose items from creating a hazard,
make sure that all cargo is securely tied down
before you ride away.
•
Place cargo weight as close to the center of the
motorcycle as possible.
•
Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.
7
Accessories and Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your motorcycle
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be sure
read the following information.
WARNING
Improper accessories or modifications
can cause a crash in which you can
be hurt or killed.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection, installation
and use of non-Honda accessories. Check with
your dealer for assistance and always follow
these guidelines:
•
Make sure the accessory does not obscure any
lights, reduce ground clearance and banking
angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel,
alter your riding position or interfere with
operating any controls.
•
Be sure electrical equipment does not exceed
the motorcycle's electrical system capacity
(page 115). A blown fuse can cause a loss of
lights or engine power.
Follow all instructions in this owner's
manual regarding accessories and
8
•
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your motorcycle's handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your motorcycle
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously impair
your motorcycle's handling, stability and
braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights, mufflers,
emission control system or other equipment
can also make your motorcycle illegal.
9
SAFETY LABELS
The following shows the locations of safety labels on your motorcycle. Some labels warn you of
potential hazards that could cause serious injury. Others provide important safety information.
Read these labels carefully and don't remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
10
11
12
13
14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
The indicators are contained in the instrument
panel. Their functions are described in the tables on
the following pages.
USA model:
Odometer and tripmeter read in miles.
Canadian model:
Odometer and tripmeter read in kilometers.
(1) Speedometer
(2) Odometer
(3) Left turn signal indicator
(4) Side stand indicator
(5) High beam indicator
(6) Digital clock
(7) Tachometer
(8) Tachometer red zone
(9) Neutral indicator
(10) Right turn signal indicator
(11) Fuel indicator
(12) Fuel gauge
(13) Coolant temperature gauge
(14) Low oil pressure indicator
(15) Tripmeter
(16) Tripmeter reset knob
15
(Ref.No.) Description
------------------------------------------------(1) Speedometer
Function
----------------------------------------------------------Shows riding speed.
(2) Odometer
Shows accumulated mileage.
(3) Left turn signal indicator (Amber)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
(4)
Lights when the side stand is put down.
Before parking, check that the side stand is fully down; the light only
indicates the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 54) is activated.
Side stand indicator
(5) High beam indicator (Blue)
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
(6) Digital clock
Shows the time (page 19).
(7) Tachometer
Shows engine RPM.
(8) Tachometer red zone
Shows excessive engine rpm range in which operation may damage the
engine.
(9) Neutral indicator (Green)
Lights when the transmissions in neutral.
(10) Right turn signal indicator
(amber)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
16
(Ref.No.) Description
Function
-------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------(11) Fuel indicator (Red)
When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel reserved in the tank is
about: 3.3 L (0.87 US gal, 0.73 Imp gal) Should also light for a few
seconds and then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON. If it
comes on any other time, refill the fuel tank as soon as possible (page 30).
(12) Fuel gauge
Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 18).
(13) Coolant temperature gauge
Shows coolant temperature(page 17).
(14) Low oil pressure indicator (Red)
Lights when the engine oil pressure is below the normal operating range.
Should light when ignition switch is ON and engine is not running. Should
go out when the engine starts, except for occasional flickering at or near
idling speed when engine is warm.
(15) Tripmeter
Shows mileage per trip.
(16) Tripmeter reset knob
Resets tripmeter to zero (0) by turning the knob in direction shown.
17
Coolant Temperature Gauge
When the needle begins to move above the C
(Cold) mark, the engine is warm enough for the
motorcycle to be ridden. The normal operating
temperature range is within the section between
the H and C marks. If the needle reaches the H
(Hot) mark, stop the engine and check the
reserve tank coolant level. Read pages 28 29 and do not ride the motorcycle until the
problem has been corrected.
NOTICE
Exceeding maximum running temperature can
cause serious engine damage
.
18
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge (1) shows the approximate fuel
supply available. At F (Full), the fuel tank
capacity including reserve is:
21.0 L (5.55 US gal ,4.62 Imp gal)
When the gauge needle first points to E, refill
the tank as soon as possible. At E there is:
2.8 L (0.74 US gal,0.62 Imp gal)
19
Digital clock
The digital clock displays the time.
To adjust time, proceed as follows:
turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
Hour……………….. Press the Hour button(1) until
the correct hour is displayed.
Minute..……………. Press the Min. button (2) until
the correct minute is displayed.
The clock is now set.
The clock will display 1:00 if the battery is
reconnected.
20
MAJOR COMPONENTS
Information you need to operate this
Motorcycle
SUSPENSION
Front Suspension
Spring preload adjuster:
adjust the spring preload by turning the
preload adjuster(1) with the No. 2 screwdriver
provided in the tool kit.
To reduce (SOFT):
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD):
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD for
a firmer ride and rough road condition.
21
Rear Suspension
Rebound damping adjuster.
To adjust the adjuster to the standard position,
proceed as follows:
1.
Turn the damping adjuster (1) clockwise
until it will no longer turn. This is the full
hard setting.
2.
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
approximately 1 turn so that its punch
mark (2) aligns with the reference punch
mark (3).
Then the adjuster is set in the standard
position.
To reduce (SOFT):
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
SOFT for a light load and smooth road
conditions.
To increase (HARD):
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HARD for
a firmer ride and rough road conditions.
The rear shock absorber assembly includes a
damper unit that contains high pressure
nitrogen gas. Do not attempt to disassemble or
service the damper; it cannot be rebuilt and
must be replaced when worn out. Disposal
should only be done by your authorized Honda
dealer. The instructions found in this owner's
manual are limited to adjustment of the shock
assembly only.
22
Spring preload adjuster:
The spring preload adjuster (1) has 36
positions for different load or riding conditions.
Use the 8 mm box wrench (2) and pin spanner
(3) as shown to adjust the rear shock.
The standard position: STD (red dot).
To reduce (SOFT):
Turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward
LOW for a light load and smooth road
condition.
To increase (HARD):
Turn the adjuster clockwise toward HIGH for a
finer ride and rough road condition.
23
BRAKES
Both front and rear brakes are hydraulic disc
types.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level
will drop. A leak in the system will also cause
the level to drop. Therefore, the brake fluid
level and pad wear must be inspected
periodically. The system must be inspected
frequently to ensure there are no fluid leaks. If
the control lever or pedal free travel becomes
excessive and the brake pads are not worn
beyond the recommended limit (page 91)
there is probably air in the brake system and it
must be bled. See your authorized Honda
dealer for this service.
Front Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be above the
LOWER level mark (1). If the level is at or
below the LOWER level mark(1), check the
brake pads for wear(page 91).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are
not worn, have your brake system inspected for
leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda DOT 4
brake fluid from a sealed container, or an
equivalent.
24
Rear Brake Fluid Level:
With the motorcycle in an upright position,
check the fluid level. It should be between the
UPPER (1) and LOWER (2) level marks. If
the level is at or below the LOWER level mark
(2), check the brake pads for wear(page 92).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are
not worn, have your brake system inspected for
leaks.
The recommended brake fluid is Honda DOT 4
brake fluid from a sealed container, or an equivalent.
25
Front Brake Lever:
The distance between the tip of the brake lever
(1) and the grip can be adjusted by turning the
adjuster (2).
Align the arrow (3) on the brake lever with the
index mark (4) on the adjuster.
Apply the brake several times and check for
free wheel rotation after the brake lever is
released.
Other checks:
Make sure there are no fluid leaks. Check for
deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.
26
CLUTCH
This motorcycle has a hydraulically actuated
clutch. There are no adjustments to perform but
the clutch system must be inspected
periodically for fluid level and leakage. If the
control lever freeplay becomes excessive and
the motorcycle creeps or stalls when shifted
into gear, or if the clutch slips, causing
acceleration to lag behind engine speed, there is
probably air in the clutch system and it must be
bled out. See your authorized Honda dealer for
this service.
Fluid Level:
Check that the fluid level is above the LOWER
level mark (1). If the fluid level is near the
LOWER level mark, it indicates fluid leakage.
See your authorized Honda dealer.
27
Clutch lever:
The distance between the tip of the clutch lever
(1) and the grip can be adjusted by turning the
adjuster (2).
Align the arrow (3)on the clutch lever with the
index mark (4)on the adjuster.
Other checks:
Make sure there are no fluid leaks. Check for
deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.
28
COOLANT
Coolant Recommendation
The owner must properly maintain the coolant
to prevent freezing, overheating and corrosion.
Use only high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for use in
aluminum engines. (SEE ANTIFREEZE
CONTAINER LABEL).
Use only low-mineral drinking water or
distilled water as a part of the antifreeze
solution. Water that is high in mineral content
or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and distilled water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for most
operating temperatures and provides good
corrosion protection. A higher concentration of
antifreeze decreases the cooling system
performance and is recommended only when
additional protection against freezing is needed.
A concentration of less than 40/60 (40%
antifreeze) will not Provide proper corrosion
protection.
During freezing temperatures, check the
cooling system frequently and add higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to a maximum
of 60% antifreeze) if required.
29
Inspection
The reserve tank is behind the right middle
fairing.
Check the coolant level in the reserve tank
while the engine is at normal operating
temperature It should be between the UPPER
(1) and LOWER (2) level marks. If the
coolant level begins to reach the LOWER level
mark (2), add coolant to the UPPER level
mark(1). If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and
see your authorized Honda dealer for repair.
30
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank capacity, including reserve, is:
21.0 L (5.55 US gal , 4.62 Imp gal)
To open the fuel fill cap(1), insert the ignition
key (2) and turn it clockwise. The cap will pop
up and can be lifted off.
Do not overfill the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck (3).
After refueling, to close the fuel fill cap, align
the latch in the cap with the slot in the filler
neck. Push the cap into the filler neck until it
snaps closed and locks. Remove the key.
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive and you can be burned or
seriously injured when refueling.
•
•
•
Stop engine and keep heat, sparks,
and flame away.
Refuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
31
Your engine is designed to use any gasoline
that has a pump octane number of 86 or higher.
Gasoline pumps at service stations normally
display the pump octane number.
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine and spark
plug deposits and extends the life of exhaust
system components.
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an
oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust or
water in the fuel tank. Use of a lower octane
gasoline can cause persistent "pinging" or
heavy "spark knock" (a metallic rapping
noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine
damage.
NOTICE
If "spark knock" or "pinging" occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load, change
brands of gasoline. If spark knock or pinging
persists, consult your authorized Honda dealer.
Failure to do so is considered misuse, and
damage caused by misuse is not covered by
Honda' s Limited Warranty.
Occasionally you may experience light spark
knock while operating under heavy loads. This
is no cause for concern, it simply means your
engine is operating efficiently.
32
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasoline's are being blended
with alcohol or an ether compound. These
gasoline's are collectively referred to as
oxygenated fuels. To meet clean IR standards,
some areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating
requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel's contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be posted
on the pump. The following are the EPA (The
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
approved percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 10%
ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing
ethanol may be marketed under the name
"Gasohol"
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 15%
MTBE by volume.
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol) 5% by
Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 5%
methanol by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect
the fuel system.
Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or performance
problems. It may also damage metal, rubber,
and plastic parts of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or switch
to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance problems
resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel
containing more than the percentages of
oxygenates mentioned above are not covered
under warranty.
33
ENGINE OIL
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level each day before
operating the motorcycle.
NOTICE
Running the engine with insufficient oil pressure
may cause serious engine damage.
To check the oil level:
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand on
firm, level ground.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for a few minutes.
Make sure the low oil pressure indicator goes
off. If the indicator remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine.
4. After a few minutes, remove the dipstick(l),
wipe it clean, and reinsert the dipstick without
screwing it in. Remove the dipstick. The oil
level should be between the upper (2) and
lower (3) marks on the dipstick.
5.
6.
If required, remove the oil filler cap (4) and add
the specified oil (page 76) up to the upper level
mark. Do not overfill.
Reinstall the dipstick and oil filler cap. Check
for oil leaks.
34
TIRES
To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and correctly
inflated for the load you are carrying. The
following pages give more detailed information
on how and when to check your air pressure, how
to inspect your tires for damage, and
what to do when your tires need to be repaired
or replaced.
WARNING
Using tires that are excessively worn
or improperly inflated can cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this owner's
manual regarding tire inflation and
maintenance.
Air Pressure
Keeping your tires properly inflated provides
the best combination of handling, tread life and
riding comfort. Under inflated tires wear
unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are
more likely to fail from being overheated.
Over inflated tires make your motorcycle ride
more harshly, are more prone to damage from
road hazards, and wear unevenly.
We recommend that you visually check your
tires before every ride and use a gauge to
measure air pressure at least once a month or
any time you think the tires might be low.
Tubeless tires have some self-sealing ability if
they are punctured. However, because leakage
is often very slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully inflated.
35
Always check air pressure when your tires are
"cold" -- when the motorcycle has been
parked for at least three hours. If you check air
pressure when your tires are "warm" -- when
the motorcycle has been ridden for even a few
miles -- the readings will be higher than if the
tires were "cold". This is normal, so do not let
air out of the tires to match the recommended
cold air pressures given below. If you do, the
tires will be under inflated.
The recommended ''cold'' tire pressures are:
2
Front
250 kPa(2.50 kg/cm ,36psi)
2
Rear
290 kPa(2.90 kg/cm .42psi)
Inspection
Whenever you check the tire pressures, you
should also examine the tire treads and
sidewalls for Wear, damage, and foreign
objects:
Look for:
•
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the
tread. Replace the tire if you find any bumps or
bulges.
•
Cuts, splits or cracks in the tire. Replace the
tire if you can see fabric or cord.
•
Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object, pull to
the side of the road as soon as you safely can
and carefully inspect the tires for damage.
36
Tread Wear
For the best performance, you should replace a
tire before the tread depth at the center reaches
1.5 mm (0.06 in.) for the front tire, and 2.0 mm
(0.08 in.) for the rear tire. If the wear indicators
(1) are visible, replace the tire immediately as
it is no longer safe.
37
Tire Repair
If a tire is punctured or damaged, you should
replace it, not repair it. As discussed below, a
tire that is repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new tire.
A temporary repair, such as an external
tubeless tire plug, may not be safe for normal
speeds and riding conditions. If a temporary or
emergency repair is made to a tire, you should
ride slowly and cautiously to a dealer and have
the tire replaced. If possible, you should not
carry a passenger or cargo until a new tire is
installed.
Even if a tire is professionally repaired with a
permanent internal patch plug, it will not be as
good as a new tire. You should not exceed 50
mph (80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80
mph (130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely carry as
much weight as with a new tire. Therefore, we
strongly recommend that you replace a
damaged tire. If you choose to have a tire
repaired, be sure the wheel is balanced before
you ride.
38
Tire Replacement
The tires that came on your motorcycle were
designed to match the performance capabilities
of your motorcycle and provide the best
combination of handling, braking, durability
and comfort.
WARNING
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of tires
recommended in this owner's manual.
The recommended tires for your motorcycle
are:
Front:
120/70 ZR 17
BRlDGESTONE
BT-54F RADIAL G
DUNLOP
D202F N
MICHELlN
A89X
Rear:
170/60ZR17
BRIDGESTONE
DUNLOP
MICHELIN
BT-54R Radial G
D202J
M89X
Whenever you replace a tire, use one that is
equivalent to the original and be sure the wheel
is balanced after the new tire is installed.
39
Important Safety Reminders
•
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tire on
this motorcycle. Excessive heat build-up can
cause the tube to burst.
•
Use only tubeless tires on this motorcycle. The
rims are designed for tubeless tires, and during
hard acceleration or braking, a tube type tire
could slip on the rim and cause the tire to
rapidly deflate.
40
ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is located below the
indicator panel.
Key Position
----------------------LOCK
(steering lock)
Function
-----------------------------------------------------------Steering is locked. Engine and lights
cannot be operated.
Key Removal
---------------------Key can be
removed
OFF
Engine and lights cannot be operated.
ON
Headlight, taillight and instrument lights
are on and other lights can be operated.
Engine can be started.
Key can be
removed
Key cannot be
removed
41
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
Engine Stop Switch
The engine stop switch (1) is next to the
throttle grip. When the switch is in the RUN
position, the engine will operate. When the
switch is in the OFF position, the engine will
not operate. This switch is intended primarily
as a safety or emergency switch and should
normally remain in the RUN position.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF, the
headlight and taillight will still be on, resulting
in battery discharge.
Starter Button
The starter button (2) is below the engine stop
switch (1).
When the starter button is pressed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight will
automatically go out, but the taillight will stay
on.
The starter motor will not operate when the
starter button is pressed if the engine stop
switch is in the OFF position.
See pages 55 - 56 for "Starting Procedure."
42
LEFT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
The three controls next to the left handlebar
grip are:
Headlight Dimmer Switch (1)
Select HI for high beam, LO for low beam.
Turn Signal Switch (2)
Move to L to signal a left turn, R to signal a
right turn. Press to turn signal off.
Horn Button (3)
Press the button to sound the horn.
43
FEATURES (Not required for operation)
STEERING LOCK
To lock the steering, turn the handlebars all the
way to the left or right, turn the key (1) to
LOCK while pushing in. Remove the key.
44
HELMET HOLDER
The helmet holder(1) is on the left side below
the seat. The helmet holder is designed to
secure your helmet while parked.
Insert the ignition key (2)and turn it clockwise
to unlock.
Hang your helmet on the holder (3). Turn the
key counterclockwise to lock the holder and
then remove the key.
WARNING
Riding with a helmet attached to the
holder can interfere with the rear wheel
or suspension and could cause a
crash in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
If you must carry an extra helmet, use
a commercially available elastic cord
or strap to secure the helmet to the
45
SEAT
To remove the seat( 1), insert the ignition key
(2) into the helmet holder (3), turn it
clockwise and pull the seat lock lever (4)
downward. Pull the seat back and up.
To install the seat, insert the prong into the
recess under the frame cross member and then
push down on the rear of the seat. Turn the key
counterclockwise to lock the seat, then remove
the key.
Be sure to securely lock the seat after
reinstalling it.
46
OWNER'S MANUAL STORAGE
The owner's manual (and other documents)
should be stored in the plastic bag (1) in the
owner's manual storage compartment (2)
under the seat.
When washing your motorcycle, be careful not
to flood this area with water.
47
STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR
U-SHAPED LOCK
The rear fender has a storage compartment to
store a U-shaped lock under the seat. After
storing, be sure to fasten the lock with the
rubber band ( 1) securely.
Some U-shaped locks may not be stored in the
compartment due to their size or design.
48
REAR SEAT COVER
See your authorized Honda dealer for removal
installation of the rear seat cover.
Installation:
1.
Remove the seat(page 45).
2.
Remove the mounting bolts (1) and grab
rails (2).
Install the mounting bolts(1).
3.
Remove the mounting bolts (3) and cowl
plugs (4).
install the seat securely, then install the
rear seat cover (5). Set the right and left
mounting bolts (3) and tighten them
securely.
The grab rails must be installed in the upright
position when riding in tandem.
49
Removal:
1. Removal can be done in the reverse order of
installation. Tighten the rear grab rail mounting
bolts (1) securely.
TORQUE: 35 N-m(3.5 kg-m, 25 Ib-ft)
If a torque wrench was not used for installation,
see your authorized Honda dealer as soon as
possible to verify proper assembly. The grab
rail could come off easily and result in serious
injury if the assembly is not made properly.
2.
Install the seat properly (page 45).
50
MIDDLE FAIRING
Removal
1. Remove the bolt (2).
2. Turn the clips (3) 90` counterclockwise,
remove the mounting clips (4).
3. Pull the middle fairing (1) out by releasing the
tabs (5)from the upper fairing (6).
Installation:
1. Installation can be done in the reverse order of
removal.
51
SIDE COVER
The side cover(1) must be removed to add the
rear brake fluid.
Removal:
1. Remove the seat(page 45).
2. Disconnect the stoplight and rear turn signal
light connector (2).
3. Remove the mounting bolts (3).
4. Pull out both side cover tabs (4).
5. Slide the cover upward.
Installation:
1. Installation can be done in the reverse order
of removal.
52
OPERATION
PRE-RIDE INSPECTION
For your safety, it is very important to take a
few moments before each ride to walk around
your motorcycle and check its condition. If you
detect any problem, be sure you take care of it,
or have it corrected by your Honda dealer.
WARNING
Check the following items before you get on
the motorcycle:
•
•
•
•
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
riding can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride inspection
before every ride and correct any
problems.
Tires
If a tire looks low, check the air
pressure with a gauge. Also look for signs of
damage or excessive wear(page 36).
Leaks
Look for signs of leaking fluids
under the motorcycle.
Chain
Check condition and adjust
slack and lubricate as needed (page 89).
Cables Check for loose cables and other
parts, and anything that appears abnormal.
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
•
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check that
it moves smoothly without binding.
•
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and press
on the brake pedal to check that they operate
normally.
53
•
•
Gauges
Turn the ignition on and check
for normal operation of the gauges and
indicators.
Lights
Make sure the brake light,
taillight and other lights are working properly.
Remember, be sure to take care of any Problem
you find, or have your dealer correct it, before
you ride.
54
STARTING THE ENGINE
This motorcycle is equipped with a side stand
ignition cut-off system. The engine cannot be
started if the side stand is down, unless the
transmission is in neutral. If the side stand is up,
the engine can be started in neutral or in gear
with the clutch lever pulled in. After starting
with the side stand down, the engine will stop
if the transmission is put in gear before raising
the side stand.
Your motorcycle's exhaust contains poisonous
carbon monoxide gas. High levels of carbon
monoxide can collect rapidly in enclosed areas
such as a garage. Do not run the engine with
the garage door closed. Even with the door
open, run the engine only long enough to move
your motorcycle out of the garage.
Do not use the electric starter for more than 5
seconds at a time. Release the starter button for
approximately 10 seconds before pressing it
again.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition
switch ON and confirm the following:
•
The transmission is in NEUTRAL
•
(neutral indicator light ON).
•
The engine stop switch is at RUN.
•
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
•
The fuel valve is ON.
The low oil pressure indicator should go off a
few seconds after the engine starts. If the light
stays on, stop the engine immediately and
check the engine oil level.
NOTICE
Operating the engine with insufficient oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
55
Starting Procedure
To restart a warm engine, follow the procedure
for ''High Air Temperature".
Do not open the throttle when starting the engine
with the choke ON. This will lean the mixture,
resulting in hard starting.
Normal Air Temperature
10` - 35`C (50` - 95`F)
1. Pull the choke lever(1) back all the way to Fully
ON(A), if the engine is cold.
2. Start the engine, leaving the throttle closed.
NOTICE
Operating the engine with insufficient oil
pressure can cause serious engine damage.
3.
4.
5.
Immediately after the engine starts,
operate the choke lever( 1) to keep fast
idle at:
2,000-3,000 rpm
About a quarter minute after the engine
starts, push the choke lever (1) forward
all the way to Fully OFF (B).
If idling is unstable, open the throttle
slightly.
56
High Air Temperature
35 `C (95 `F) or above
1. Do not use the choke.
2. Open the throttle slightly.
3. Start the engine.
Low Air Temperature
10`C (50`F) or below
1. Follow steps 1-2 under "Normal Air
Temperature''.
2.
When engine rpm begins to pick up, operate
the choke lever to keep fast idle at : 2,0003,000 rpm
3.
Continue warming up the engine until it runs
smoothly and responds to the throttle when
the choke lever(1) is at Fully OFF (B).
NOTICE
Extended use of the choke may impair piston
and cylinder wall lubrication.
Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more
than about 5 minutes at normal air temperature
may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.
57
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel.
To clear a flooded engine, leave the engine stop
on RUN and push the choke lever forward to
Fully OFF (B). Open the throttle fully and
crank the engine for 5 seconds. If the engine
starts, quickly close the throttle, then open it
slightly if idling is unstable. If the engine does
not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow the
"High Air Temperature" Starting Procedure
(page 56).
58
BREAK-IN
During initial break-in, newly machined
surfaces will be in contact with each other and
these surfaces will wear in quickly. Break-in
maintenance at 600 miles (1,000 km) is
designed to compensate for this initial minor
wear. Timely performance of the break-in
maintenance will ensure optimum service life
and performance from the engine.
The general rules are as follows:
1
Never lug the engine with full throttle at low
engine speeds. This rule is applicable not only
during break-in but at all times.
2
Maximum continuous engine speed during the
first 600 miles (1,000 km) must not exceed
5,000 rpm.
3
3.Increase the maximum continuous engine
speed by 2,000 rpm between odometer
readings of 600 miles (1,000 km) and 1,000
miles (1,600 km). Drive briskly, vary
speeds frequently and use full throttle for short
bursts only. Do not exceed 7,000 rpm.
4
Upon reaching an odometer reading of 1,000
miles (1,600 km), you can subject the
motorcycle to full throttle operation. However,
do not exceed 11,500 RPM at any time
(tachometer red zone limit).
59
SHIFTING
Review Motorcycle Safety (pages 1 - 10)
before you ride.
Proper shifting will provide better fuel
economy. When changing gears under normal
conditions, use these recommended shift
points:
Shifting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
From 5th to 6th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
37 mph (60 km/h)
Shifting Down:
From 6th to 5th:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
28 mph (45 km/h)
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Disengage the clutch when speed drops below
11 mph (18 km/h), when engine roughness is
evident, or when engine stalling is imminent;
shift down to 1st gear for acceleration.
60
To shift properly, pull the clutch lever and
close the throttle. Improper shifting may
damage the engine and drive train.
Downshifting allows you to use engine braking
and lower gearing to decelerate, but
downshifting when engine speed is near its
allowable maximum may over-rev the engine
and cause possible damage.
The battery will not be charged while the
engine speed is near idle speed. Avoid idling
for prolonged periods.
Do not tow the motorcycle or coast for long
distances while the engine is off. The
transmission will not be properly lubricated
and damage may result.
61
BRAKING
For normal braking, apply both the brake pedal
and lever while down-shifting to match your
road speed. For maximum braking, close the
throttle and firmly apply the pedal and lever;
pull in the clutch lever before coming to a
complete stop to prevent stalling the engine.
•
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on
loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop
will be reduced. All of your actions should be
smooth under these conditions. Rapid
acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss
of control. For your safety, exercise extreme
caution when braking, accelerating or turning.
Important Safety Reminders:
•
Independent operation of only the brake lever or
brake pedal reduces stopping performance.
•
Extreme application of the brake controls may
cause wheel lock, reducing control of the
motorcycle.
•
When possible, reduce speed or brake before
entering a turn; closing the throttle or braking in
mid-turn may cause wheel slip. Wheel slip will
reduce control of the motorcycle.
•
When descending a long, steep grade, use
engine compression braking by down shifting,
with intermittent use of both brakes.
Continuous brake application can overheat the
brakes and reduce their effectiveness.
•
Riding with your foot resting on the brake
pedal or your hand on the brake lever may
actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication
to other drivers. It may also overheat the
brakes, reducing effectiveness.
62
HIGH ALTITUDE RUNNING
(USA ONLY)
When operating this motorcycle at high altitude,
the air-fuel mixture becomes overly rich.
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), driveability and
performance may be reduced and fuel
consumption increased. The carburetor can be
modified to compensate for this high altitude
richness.
However, the carburetor must be returned to
standard factory specifications when lower
altitude riding is desired. See your authorized
Honda dealer for high altitude modification.
NOTICE
Sustained operation at altitudes below 5,000
feet (1,500 m) with high altitude carburetor
modifications may cause engine overheating
and damage.
63
PARKING
1. After stopping the motorcycle, shift the
transmission into neutral, turn the ignition
switch OFF, turn the handlebar all the way to
the left and remove the key.
2. Use the center stand to support the motorcycle
while parked.
Park the motorcycle on firm, level ground to
prevent it from falling over.
If you must park on a slight incline, aim the
front of the motorcycle uphill to reduce the
possibility of rolling off the center stand or
overturning.
3.
Lock the steering to help prevent theft (page
43).
64
ANTI-THEFT TIPS
1. 1.Always lock the steering and never leave the
key in the ignition switch. This sounds simple
but people do forget.
2. 2.Be sure the registration information for your
motorcycle is accurate and current.
3. 3.Park your motorcycle in a locked garage
whenever possible.
4. 4.Use an additional anti-theft device of good
quality. When you park your motorcycle, we
recommend that you secure it by using the
securing point (1) and a commercially available
chain and lock or equivalent. (The rear fender
has a storage compartment for a U-shaped
lock; see page 47).
5. 5.Put your name, address and phone number
in this Owner's Manual and keep it on your
motorcycle at all times. Many times stolen
motorcycles are identified by information in the
Owner's Manuals that are still with them.
NAME:___________________________
ADDRESS:________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
PHONE NO:________________________
65
MAINTENANCE
THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE
A well-maintained motorcycle is essential for
safe, economical and trouble-free riding. It will
also help reduce air pollution.
To help you properly care for your motorcycle,
the following pages include a Maintenance
Schedule and a Maintenance Record for
regularly scheduled maintenance.
These instructions are based on the assumption
that the motorcycle will be used exclusively for
its designed purpose. Sustained high speed
operation or operation in unusually wet or
dusty conditions will require more frequent
service than specified in the Maintenance
Schedule. Consult your authorized Honda
dealer for recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
If your motorcycle overturns or becomes
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are able to
make some repairs.
WARNING
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
riding can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
schedules in this owner's manual.
66
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
This section includes instructions on some
important maintenance tasks. You can perform
some of these tasks with the tools provided if you have basic mechanical skills.
Other tasks that are more difficult and require
special tools are best performed by
professionals. Removing the wheels should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic;
instructions are included in this manual only to
assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety precautions
follow. However, we cannot warn you of every
conceivable hazard that can arise in performing
maintenance. Only you can decide whether or
not you should perform a given task.
WARNING
Failure to properly follow maintenance
instructions and precautions can
cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner's manual.
67
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
•
Make sure the engine is off before you begin
any maintenance or repairs. This will help
eliminate several potential hazards:
•
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
•
Burns from hot parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
•
Injury from moving parts. Do not
run the engine unless instructed to
do so.
•
Read the instructions before you begin, and
make sure you have the tools and skills
required.
•
To help prevent the motorcycle from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the
center stand to provide support.
•
To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion,
be careful when working around gasoline or
batteries. Use only non-flammable solvent, not
gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes,
sparks and flames away from the battery and
all fuel-related parts.
Remember that your authorized Honda dealer
knows your motorcycle best and is fully
equipped to maintain and repair it.
To ensure the best quality and reliability, use
only new genuine Honda parts or their
equivalents for repair and replacement.
If you have the tools and skills required for
additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase
Honda's Common Service Manual and an
official. Model Specific Service Manual from
your Honda dealer (page 116).
68
EMISSION REQUIREMENTS
(USA ONLY)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
and California Air Resources Board (CARB)
require that your motorcycle comply with
applicable exhaust emissions standards during
its useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided, and that
motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply
with applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 6,000 km (3,730 miles) after the
time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when
operated and maintained according to the
instructions provided. Compliance with the
terms of the Distributor's Warranties for
Honda Motorcycle Emission Control Systems
is necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect.
The Vehicle Emission Control Information
Label (1) is attached to the rear fender below
the seat.
The Vacuum Hose Routing Diagram Label (2)
is attached to the rear fender below the seat
(California ONLY).
69
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Perform the Pre-ride Inspection (page 52) at
each scheduled maintenance period.
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes and
Procedures:
NOTE:
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge. Certain
items (particularly those marked * and **)
may require more technical information and
tools. Consult your authorized Honda Dealer.
•
•
(1)
(2)
(3)
Should be serviced by your authorized Honda
dealer, unless the owner has proper tools,
service data and is mechanically qualified.
Refer to Honda's Common Service Manual and
an official Model Specific Service Manual.
In the interest of safety, we recommend these
items be serviced only by your authorized
Honda dealer.
(4)
At higher odometer readings,
repeat at the frequency interval
established here.
Service more frequently when
riding in unusually wet or dusty
areas.
Replace every 2 years, or at
indicated odometer interval,
whichever comes first.
Replacement requires
mechanical skill.
California type only.
Maintenance Procedures:
I:
Inspect and Clean, Adjust, Lubricate or
Replace if necessary
C:
Clean
A:
Adjust
L:
Lubricate
R:
Replace
70
71
72
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Miles
600
4,000
8,000
12,000
16,000
20,000
24,000
28,000
32,000
36,000
40,000
44,000
48,000
•
•
(km)
(1,000)
(6,400)
(12,800)
(19,200)
(25,600)
(32,000)
(38,400)
(44,800)
(51,200)
(57,600)
(64,000)
(70,400)
(76,800)
Performed By
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
Odometer
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
Date
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including
the 600 mile(1,000 km) break-in maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged
for by your dealer.
Detailed receipts verifying the performance of required maintenance should be retained. These receipts should
be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner if the motorcycle is sold.
73
TOOL KIT
The tool kit (1) is in the tool kit compartment
(2) under the seat (page 45).
Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments and
parts replacement can be performed with the
tools contained in the kit.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pin spanner
14 x 17 mm box end wrench
10 x 12 mm box end wrench
8 x 12 mm open end wrench
10 x 14 mm open end wrench
Pliers
No.2 Phillips screwdriver
No.2 screwdriver
Screwdriver grip
8 mm box wrench
5 mm hex wrench
22 mm box end wrench
16 mm box end wrench
Feeler gauge 0.7 mm
Tool bag
The following tools are also provided with
your motorcycle.
•
•
Wheel wrench
Extension bar
74
SERIAL NUMBERS
The frame and engine serial numbers are
required when registering your motorcycle.
They may also be required by your dealer when
ordering replacement parts.
Record the numbers here for your reference.
The VIN, Vehicle Identification Number(1), is
on the Safety Certification Label affixed to the
right side of the frame near the steering head.
The frame number (2) is stamped on the right
side of the steering head.
FRAME NO.__________________________
VIN________________________________
75
The engine number (3) is stamped on top of
the crankcase.
ENGINE NO.___________________________
COLOR LABEL
The color label (1) is attached to the frame
under the seat.
Remove the side cover.
It is helpful when ordering replacement parts.
Record the color and code here for your
reference.
COLOR_______________________________
CODE________________________________
76
ENGINE OIL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67
Engine Oil Recommendation:
USE PRO HONDA GN4
4 STROKE OIL OR AN EQUIVALENT
Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum
additives. They may adversely affect clutch
operation.
Use only high detergent, premium quality
motor oil certified to meet API Service
Classification SF or SG.
Motor oils intended for Service SF or SG will
show this designation on the container. The use
of special oil additives is unnecessary and will
only-increase operating expenses.
Engine oil is a major factor affecting the
performance and service life of the engine.
Non-detergent, vegetable or castor-based racing
oils are not recommended.
Recommended Oil Viscosity
SAE 10W-40
Other viscosity's shown in the chart below may
be used when the average temperature in your
riding area is within the indicated range.
77
Engine Oil and Filter
Engine oil quality is the chief factor affecting
engine service life. Change the engine oil as
specified in the maintenance schedule (page
70).
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more frequently
than specified in the maintenance schedule.
Please dispose of used engine oil in a manner
that is compatible with the environment. We
suggest you take it in a sealed container to your
local recycling center or service station for
reclamation. Do not throw it in the trash or
pour it on the ground or down a drain.
Changing the oil filter requires a special oil
filter tool and a torque wrench. If you do not
have these tools and the necessary skill, we
recommend that you have your authorized
Honda dealer perform this service.
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your authorized Honda dealer
as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.
Change the engine oil with the engine at
normal operating temperature and the
motorcycle on its side stand to assure complete
and rapid draining.
78
1.
2.
Remove the middle fairing(page 50).
To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap and
crankcase drain plug(1) and sealing washer
(2).
3.
Remove the oil filter (3) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain out.
Discard the oil filter (3).
79
4.
5.
Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the new
oil filter rubber seal (4).
Using a special tool and a torque wrench,
install the new oil filter and tighten to a
torque of:
10 N·m(1.0 kg-m, 7 Ib-ft)
Use only the Honda genuine oil filter or a
filter of equivalent quality specified for
your model. Using the wrong Honda filter
or a non-Honda filter which is not of
equivalent quality may cause engine
damage.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Check that the sealing washer on the
drain plug is in good condition and install
the plug. Replace the sealing washer
every other time the oil is changed, or
each time if necessary.
Oil Drain Plug Torque:
38 N·m(3.8 kg-m, 27 Ib-ft)
Fill the crankcase with the recommended
grade oil; approximately:
3.1 Lt (3.3 USqt, 2.7 Imp qt)
Install the oil filler cap.
Start the engine and let it idle for 2-3
minutes.
Several minutes after stopping the
engine, check that the oil level is at the
upper level mark on the dipstick with the
motorcycle upright on firm, level ground.
Make sure there are no oil leaks.
80
SPARK PLUGS
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
Recommended plugs:
Standard:
CR9EH-9 (NGK) or
U27FER 9 (NIPPONDENSO)
For cold climate: (Below 5`C, 41`F)
CR8EH-9 (NGK) or
U24FER 9 (NIPPONDENSO)
NOTICE
Never use a spark plug with an improper heat
range. Severe engine damage could result.
Access to rear cylinder spark plugs:
1. Remove the side cover (page 51).
Access to front cylinder spark plugs:
1. Remove both side of the middle fairing (page
50).
2. Remove the mounting bolt(1) attaching the
bottom of the radiator (2).
3. Remove the oil hose (3) from the radiator
clamps (4).
4. Raise the radiator.
81
Inspection
1. Disconnect the spark plug caps from the spark
Plugs.
2.
3.
Clean any dirt from around the spark plug
bases. Remove the spark plugs using the
spark plug wrench (5) furnished in the tool kit.
4.
Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, corrosion or carbon
fouling. If the corrosion or deposit is
heavy, replace the plug. Clean a carbon-or
wet-fouled plug with a plug cleaner,
otherwise use a wire brush.
Check the spark plug gap (6) using a
wire type feeler gauge. If adjustment is
necessary, bend the side electrode (7)
carefully.
The gap should be:
0.80-0.90 mm(0.031-0.035 in)
82
5.
6.
With the plug washer attached, thread the
spark plug in by hand to prevent cross
threading.
Tighten a new spark plug 1/2 turn with a spark
plug wrench to compress the washer. If you are
reusing a plug, it should only take 1/8 - 1/4 turn
after the plug seats.
NOTICE
The spark plug must be securely tightened. An
improperly tightened plug can become very hot
and possibly damage the engine.
7.
8.
Reinstall the spark plug caps.
Install the removed parts in reverse order of
removal.
83
THROTTLE OPERATION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
1.
2.
Check for smooth rotation of the throttle
grip from the fully open to the fully closed
position at both full steering positions.
Measure the throttle grip free play at the
throttle grip flange. The standard free play
should be approx:
2-6 mm(0.08-0.24 in)
To adjust play, loosen the lock nut (1) and turn
the adjuster (2).
84
IDLE SPEED
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed adjustment.
Ten minutes of stop-and-go riding is sufficient.
Do not attempt to compensate for faults in
other systems by adjusting idle speed. See your
authorized Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled carburetor adjustments.
1.
2.
Warm up the engine, shift to neutral and
place the motorcycle on its stand.
Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw (1).
Idle speed (in neutral):
1,100 +/- 100 rpm
1,200 +/- 100 rpm ... California only
85
COOLANT
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
Coolant Replacement
Coolant should be replaced by an authorized
Honda dealer, unless the owner has proper
tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to Honda's Common Service
Manual and an official Model Specific Service
Manual.
Always add coolant to the reserve tank. Do not
attempt to add coolant by removing the radiator
cap.
WARNING
Removing the radiator cap while the
engine is hot will allow the coolant to
spray out, seriously scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
86
DRIVE CHAIN
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67 .
The service life of the drive chain is dependent
upon proper lubrication and adjustment. Poor
maintenance can cause premature wear or
damage to the drive chain and sprockets.
The drive chain should be checked, adjusted
and lubricated as part of the Pre-ride Inspection
(page 52).
Under severe usage, or when the motorcycle is
ridden in unusually dusty or muddy areas, more
frequent maintenance will be necessary.
Inspection:
1. Turn the engine off, place the motorcycle on
the side stand and shift the transmission into
Neutral.
2.
Check slack in the lower drive chain run
midway between the sprockets. Drive chain
slack should be adjusted to allow the following
vertical movement by hand: 15-25 mm(0.6-1.0
in)
3.
Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop. Check
drive chain slack. Repeat this procedure
several times. Drive chain slack should remain
constant. If the chain is slack only in certain
sections, some links are kinked and binding.
Binding and kinking can frequently be
eliminated by lubrication.
87
4.
Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop and place it
on its side stand. Inspect the drive chain and
sprockets for any of the following conditions:
DRIVECHAIN
* Damaged Rollers
* Loose Pins
* Dry or Rusted Links
* Kinked or Binding Links
* Excessive Wear
* Improper Adjustment
* Missing O-rings
SPROCKETS
* Excessively Worn Teeth
* Broken or Damaged Teeth
A drive chain with damaged rollers, loose pins,
or missing O-rings must be replaced. A chain
which appears dry, or shows signs of rust,
requires supplementary lubrication. Kinked or
binding links should be thoroughly lubricated
and worked free. If links cannot be freed, the
chain must be replaced.
88
Adjustment:
Drive chain slack should be checked and
adjusted, if necessary, every 600 miles (1,000
km). When operated at sustained high speeds or
under conditions of frequent rapid acceleration,
the chain may require more frequent
adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If the drive chain requires adjustment, the
procedure is as follows:
Turn the engine off, place the motorcycle on its
center stand and shift the transmission into
neutral.
Loosen the bearing holder pinch bolt (1).
Turn the bearing holder (2) clockwise or
counterclockwise to obtain the proper chain
slack with the pin spanner (3).
Torque the bearing holder pinch bolt to: 55
Nm(5.5 kg-m, 40 Ib-ft)
Recheck chain slack. Chain slack should be:
15-25 mm(0.6-1.0 in)
89
Wear inspection
Check the chain wear label when adjusting the
chain. If the red zone (4) on the label aligns
with the tip of driven sprocket teeth (5) after
the chain has been adjusted to the proper slack,
the chain is excessively worn and must be
replaced. The proper slack is:
15-25 mm(0.6-1.0 in)
Damage to the bottom part of the frame may be
caused by excessive drive chain slack of more
than:
40 mm(1.6in)
90
Lubrication and cleaning:
Lubricate every 600 miles (1,000 km) or
sooner if chain appears dry.
The drive chain on this motorcycle is equipped
with small O-rings between the link plates.
These O-rings retain grease inside the chain to
improve its service life.
The O-rings in this chain can be damaged by
steam cleaning, high pressure washers, and
certain solvents. Clean the chain with high
flashpoint solvent, such as kerosene.
Wipe dry and lubricate only with SAE 80 or 90
gear oil. Commercial chain lubricants may
contain solvents which could damage the
rubber O-rings.
Replacement Chain:
DID50V4 or RK50MFOZ1
91
BRAKE PAD WEAR
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
Brake pad shoe wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions.
(Generally, the pads/shoes will wear faster on
wet and dirty roads.)
Inspect the pads/shoes at each regular
maintenance interval (page 71).
Front Brake
Check the cutout (1) in each pad.
If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace both
pads as a set. See your authorized Honda dealer
for this service.
92
Rear Brake
Check the cutout (2) in each pad.
If either pad is worn to the cutout, replace both
pads as a set. See your authorized Honda dealer
for this service.
93
SIDE STAND
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
Check the side stand system for proper
function.
•
Check the spring (1) for damage or loss of
tension and the side stand assembly for
freedom of movement.
•
Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sit astride the motorcycle: put the
side
stand up and the transmission in
neutral.
Start the engine and with the clutch
lever pulled in, shift the transmission
into gear.
Lower the side stand. The engine
should stop as you put the side
stand down.
If the side stand system does not operate as
described, see your authorized Honda dealer
for service.
94
WHEEL REMOVAL
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67 .
Front Wheel Removal
1. Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing
a support block under the engine.
2. Remove the right and left caliper assemblies
(1) from the fork legs by removing the fixing
bolts (2).
To avoid damage to the brake hose, support the
caliper assembly so that it doesn't hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
95
Do not depress the brake lever when the wheel
is off the motorcycle. The caliper pistons will
be forced out of the cylinders with subsequent
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, servicing of
the brake system will be necessary. See your
authorized Honda dealer for this service.
3.
4.
Loosen the right and left axle pinch bolts (3)
and remove the axle bolt (4).
Remove the front axle (5) and the wheel.
96
Installation Notes:
Reverse the removal procedure to install the
wheel.
•
Install the caliper fixing bolts, and tighten to a
torque of: 27 Nm(2.7 kg-m, 20 Ib-ft)
If a torque wrench was not used for installation,
see your authorized Honda dealer as soon as
possible to verify proper assembly. Improper
assembly may lead to loss of braking capacity.
•
Position the wheel between the fork legs and
insert the front axle shaft from the left side,
through the left fork leg and wheel hub.
•
When installing the wheel, fit the left brake disc
carefully between the brake pads to avoid
damaging the pads.
•
Tighten the axle bolt to the specified torque.
Axle bolt torque: 59 Nm(5.9 kg-m, 43 Ib-ft)
•
Tighten all the axle pinch bolts to the specified
torque. Axle pinch bolts torque: 22 Nm(2.2 kgm, 16 Ib-ft)
Check the clearance (6) between the brake disc
97
(7) and the caliper bracket (8) on each side
with a 0.7 mm feeler gauge (9) after installation. The
clearance should be at least 0.7 mm (0.03 in).
If the clearance is not 0.7 mm (0.03 in) or more,
loosen the left axle pinch bolt and pull the left
fork outward or push inward adjust the
clearance. Then tighten the axle pinch bolt to
the specified torque.
Axle pinch bolt torque:
22 N-m(2.2 kg-m, 16 Ib-ft)
98
Apply the front brake several times, then
recheck both discs for caliper bracket-to-disc
clearance. Do not operate the motorcycle
without adequate clearance.
Failure to provide adequate disc-to-caliper
bracket clearance may damage the brake discs
and impair braking efficiency.
•
Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags
or if the wheel does not rotate freely.
99
Rear Wheel Removal
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand.
2. Loosen the muffler clamp bolts (1).
3. Remove the muffler mounting bolt (2) and slide
the muffler to a side as shown.
4. Remove the four rear wheel nuts (3).
5. Remove the rear wheel (4) slowly.
Do not depress the brake pedal while the wheel
is off the motorcycle. The caliper pistons will
be forced out of the cylinders with subsequent
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, servicing of
the brake system will be necessary. See your
authorized Honda dealer for this service.
100
Installation Notes:
Reverse the removal procedure to install the
wheel.
If a torque wrench was not used for installation,
see your authorized Honda dealer as soon as
possible to verify proper assembly. Improper
assembly may lead to loss of braking capacity.
•
Tighten the rear wheel nuts to the specified
torque. Rear wheel nuts torque: 103 N·m(10
kg-m, 75 Ib-ft)
•
Check the clearance (5) between the rear tire
and the muffler. The clearance should be: 2535 mm(1.0-1.4 in)
•
After installing the wheel, apply the brake
several times and then check if the wheel
rotates freely. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or if the wheel does not rotate freely.
•
Operate the brake pedal and check the brake
operation.
101
BATTERY
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
It is not necessary to check the battery
electrolyte level or add distilled water as the
battery is a maintenance-free (sealed) type. If
your battery seems weak and/or is leaking
electrolyte (causing hard starting or other
electrical troubles), contact your authorized
Honda dealer.
NOTICE
Your battery is a maintenance free type and can
be permanently damaged if the caps are
removed.
102
WARNING
The battery contains sulfuric acid
(electrolyte) which is highly corrosive
and poisonous.
Getting electrolyte in your eyes or on
your skin can cause serious burns.
Wear protective clothing and eye
protection when working near the
battery.
KEEP CHILDREN AWAY FROM THE
BATTERY.
Emergency Procedures
Eyes - Flush with water from a cup or other
container for at least fifteen minutes. (Water
under pressure can damage the eye.)
Immediately call 911 (U.S. only) or a physician.
Skin - Remove contaminated clothing. Flush
the skin with large quantities of water. Call a
physician immediately.
Swallowing - Drink water or milk. Call your
local Poison Control Center (U.S. only) or a
physician immediately.
103
Battery Removal
The battery is in the battery box below the seat.
1. Remove the seat (page 45).
2. Release the rings and remove the rubber
band(1).
3. Disconnect the negative(--) terminal lead (2)
from the battery first, then disconnect the
positive(+) terminal lead (3).
4. Pull out the battery (4)from the battery box.
104
FUSES
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 67.
All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle
have fuses to protect them from a short circuit
or overload.
Checking and Replacing Fuses
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should check
for is a blown fuse. Determine from the chart
on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or
fuses control that component. Check those
fuses first, but check all the fuses before
deciding that is not the cause. Replace any
blown fuses (1) and check the component's
operation.
If you cannot ride the motorcycle without
fixing the problem, and you do not have a
spare fuse, take a fuse of the same rating or a
tower rating from one of the other circuits.
Make sure you can do without that circuit
temporarily. If you replace a blown fuse with a
spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably a
serious electrical problem on your motorcycle.
Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have
your motorcycle checked by a qualified
technician.
NOTICE
Replacing a fuse with one that has a higher
rating greatly increases the chances of
damaging the electrical system. If you do not
have a replacement fuse with the proper rating
for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.
105
Fuse box:
The fuse box (1) is located near the right upper
shroud (2).
The specified fuses are:
10A, 20A
1.
Turn the ignition switch OFF before checking
or replacing a fuse to prevent an accidental
short circuit.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the fuse box case cover (3) by
removing the screws (4).
Open the fuse box cover (5).
Pull out the fuse. If the fuse is blown, install a
new fuse. Spare fuses (6) are located in the
fuse box.
Install the fuse box case cover.
106
Main fuse:
The main fuse (1) is located on the starter
magnetic switch near the battery negative (--)
terminal lead, is:
30A
1. Turn the ignition switch OFF before checking
or replacing a fuse to prevent an accidental
short circuit.
2. Remove the seat(page 45).
3. Disconnect the wire connector (2) of the starter
magnetic switch (3).
4. Pull out the fuse. If the main fuse is blown,
install a new fuse. The spare main fuse (4) is
located near the starter magnetic switch.
5. Reconnect the wire connector and install the
seat.
107
CLEANING
Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect the
surface finishes and inspect for damage, wear,
and oil, coolant, or brake fluid leakage.
Avoid cleaning products that are not
specifically designed for motorcycle or
automobile surfaces.
They may contain harsh detergents or chemical
solvents that could damage the metal, paint,
and plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust system
time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle
in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade
because water droplets intensify the sun's
brightness. Spotting is also more likely because
surface water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
We recommend avoiding the use of high
pressure water spray (typical in coin-operated
car washes.)
NOTICE
High pressure water (or air) can damage certain
parts of the motorcycle
1.
2.
3.
Rinse the motorcycle thoroughly with cool water
to remove loose dirt.
Clean the motorcycle with a sponge or soft
cloth using cool water. Avoid directing water to
muffler outlets and electrical parts.
Clean the windshield with a soft cloth or
sponge and plenty of water. Dry with a soft
clean cloth. Remove minor scratches with
commercially available plastic polishing
compound. Replace the windshield if
scratches cannot be removed and they
obstruct clear vision.
Take care to keep battery electrolyte, brake
fluid or other acid chemicals off the fairing.
They will damage the plastic.
108
4.
5.
6.
7.
After cleaning, rinse the motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water.
Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.
Dry the motorcycle and lubricate the
drive chain.
Start the engine and let it run for several
minutes.
Test the brakes before riding the
motorcycle. Several applications may be
necessary to
restore normal braking
performance.
Braking efficiency may be temporarily
impaired immediately after washing the
motorcycle.
Anticipate longer stopping distances to avoid a
possible accident.
Aluminum Wheel Maintenance
Aluminum corrodes when it comes in contact
with dust, mud, road salt, etc. After riding,
clean the wheels with a wet sponge and mild
detergent, then rinse well with water and wipe
dry with a clean cloth.
Do not use steel wool or a cleaner containing
abrasives or compounds to clean the wheels, as
they can cause damage.
109
STORAGE GUIDE
Extended storage, such as for winter, requires
that you take certain steps to reduce the effects
of deterioration from non-use of the
motorcycle. In addition, necessary repairs
should be made BEFORE storing the
motorcycle; otherwise, these repairs may be
forgotten by the time the motorcycle is
removed from storage.
STORAGE
1. Change the engine oil and filter.
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled with a
50/50% antifreeze solution.
3. Fill the fuel tank. Reinstall the fuel fill cap on
the tank.
4. Drain the carburetors into an approved
gasoline container.
If storage will last more than one month,
carburetor draining is very important, to assure
proper Performance after storage.
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive and you can be burned or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
•
•
•
Stop engine and keep heat, sparks,
and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
110
5.
•
•
•
•
•
To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the spark
plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to
any convenient plastic body part so that they
are positioned away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the engine and
store them in a safe place. Do not connect the
spark plugs to the spark plug caps.
Pour a tablespoon (15--20 cc) of clean engine
oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug
holes with a piece of cloth.
Crank the engine several times to distribute the
oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from freezing
temperatures and direct sunlight.
Slow charge the battery once a month.
Wash and dry the motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces. Coat chrome with rustinhibiting oil.
Lubricate the drive chain.
Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures. Place the motorcycle on
blocks to raise both tires off the ground.
Cover the motorcycle (don't use plastic or
other coated materials) and store in an
unheated area, free of dampness with a
minimum of daily temperature variation.
Do not store the motorcycle in direct
sunlight.
111
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
1.
2.
3.
Uncover and clean the motorcycle. Change the
engine oil if more than 4 months have passed
since the start of storage.
Charge the battery as required. Install the
battery.
Perform all Preride Inspection checks (page
52). Test ride the motorcycle at low speeds in
a safe riding area away from traffic.
112
SPECIFICATIONS
DIMENSIONS
Over all length
Over all width
Over all height
Wheelbase
Ground clearance
WEIGHT
Dry weight
CAPACITIES
Engine oil: After draining
After draining and
oil filter change
After disassembly
Fuel tank
Cooling system capacity
Passenger capacity
Maximum weight capacity
2,125 mm(83.7 in)
720 mm(28.3 in)
1,185 mm(46.7 in)
1,470 mm(57.9 in)
130 mm (5.1 in)
211 kg (465 lbs)
212 kg (467 Ibs) ...California only
2.9 L (3.1 USqt,2.6 Imp qt)
3.1 L (3.3 USqt,2.7 Imp qt)
3.8 L (4.0 US qt , 3.3 Imp qt)
21.0 L (5.55 US gal ,4.62 Imp gal)
3.6 L (0.95 US gal , 0.79 Imp gal)
Operator and one passenger
175 kg (386 Ibs)
113
ENGINE
Bore and stroke
Compression ratio
Displacement
Spark plug
Standard
For cold climate
(Below 5`C, 41`F)
Spark plug gap
Idle speed
Valve clearance (Cold)
Intake
Exhaust
70.0 x 48.6 mm (2.76 x 1.91 in)
11.0 : 1
3
748 cm (45.6 cu-in)
CR9EH-9 (NGK) or
U27FER 9 (NIPPONDENSO)
CR8EH-9 (NGK) or
U24FER 9 (NIPPONDENSO)
0.80-0.90 mm (0.031 -0.035 in)
1,100 +/- 100 rpm
1,200 +/- 100 rpm ...California only
0.16 mm (0.006 in)
0.25 mm (0.010 in)
114
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSION
Caster
26`
Trail
99 mm(3.9 in)
Tire size, front
120/70 ZR 17
Tire size, rear
170/60 ZR 17
POWER TRANSMISSION
Primary reduction
Gear ratio
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
Final reduction
1.939
2.846
2.062
1.631
1.333
1.153
1.035
2.687
115
ELECTRICAL
Battery
Generator
LIGHTS
Headlight
Brake / taillight
Position light
License light
Turn signal light
12V-10AH
0.37kw 5,000rpm
Instrument lights
Neutral indicator
Turn signal indicator
High beam indicator
Low oil pressure indicator
Side stand indicator
Fuel indicator
12V-45/45W x 2
12V-32/2CP x 2
12V-8W x 2
12V-8W
12V-23W
12V-23W
12V-1.7W x 5
12V-1.7W
12V-1.7W x 2
12V-1.7W
12V-1.7W
12V-1.7W
12V-5W
FUSE
Main fuse
Other fuses
30A
10A,20A
Front
Rear
116
CONSUMER INFORMATION
SERVICE MANUALS
The Service Manuals used by your authorized
Honda dealer are available from your dealer's parts
department.
Some service procedures require reference to
Honda's Common Service Manual as well as the
Model Specific Service Manual. Consult your
authorized dealer for details.
•
The Honda Common Service Manual (Part
Number: 61CM000) explains the theory of
peration and provides basic service information
for various systems common to all Honda
motorcycles, scooters, ATVs and Pilots.
•
The Model Specific Service Manual (Part
Number: 61MT405) contains service
procedures specific only to your model.
These Honda manuals are written for the
professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they
have the proper tools and observe proper safety
procedures. Special Honda tools are necessary for
some procedures.
117
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Source of Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons is very important
because under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon
monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes lean carburetor settings and
other systems to reduce carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons.
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission system consists of a secondary air supply system which introduces filtered air into the
exhaust gases in the exhaust port. No adjustments to this system should be made although periodic inspection of
the components is recommended. The secondary air supply system helps improve emission performance. The
exhaust emission control system is separate from the crankcase emission control system.
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Evaporative Emission Control System (California only)
This motorcycle complies with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) requirements for
evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank and carburetor is directed into the charcoal canister
and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the
purge control diaphragm valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine
through the carburetor.
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the
atmosphere. Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the carburetor.
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED: Federal law prohibits the following acts
or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair, or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the
purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use; or (2) the use of the
vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
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AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS
LISTED BELOW:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing any part of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Problems that May Affect Motorcycle Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda
Motorcycle Dealer:
1.
Hard starting or stalling after starting
2.
Rough idle
3.
Misfiring or back firing during acceleration
4.
After-burning (backfiring)
5.
Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy
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WARRANTY SERVICE
Owner Satisfaction
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and to us. The details of all Honda warranties are
explained in the Distributor's Limited Warranty. Normally, any problems with the product will be handled by your
dealer's service department. Sometimes, however, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, is misunderstandings can occur. If your problem has not been handled to your satisfaction, we suggest you take the
following action:
•
•
Discuss your problem with a member of dealership management. Often complaints can be quickly resolved at
that level. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service Manager, contact the owner of the
dealership or the General Manager.
If your problem still has not been resolved to your satisfaction, contact the Motorcycle Customer Service
department of American Honda Motor Co., Inc. The address is P.O. Box 2220, Torrance, CA90509-2220.
Telephone: (310) 532-9811. We will need the following information in order to assist you:
-- Your name, address and telephone number
-- Product model and serial number
-- Date of purchase
-- Dealer name and address
-- Nature of the problem
After reviewing all the facts involved, you will be advised of what action can be taken.
Please bear in mind that your problem will likely be resolved at the dealership, using the dealer's facilities,
equipment, and personnel, so it is very important that your initial contact be with the dealer.
Your purchase of a Honda product is greatly appreciated by both the dealer and American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
We want to assist you in every way possible to assure your complete satisfaction with your purchase.
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REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hot line toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can
also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hot line.