3PAR Recovery Manager 3.0.2
for Oracle on Solaris and Red
Hat Linux User’s Guide
3PAR Inc.
4209 Technology Drive
Fremont, CA 94538 U.S.A.
Part No. 320-200190 Rev A
November 2009
Revision Notice
This is the first release of this manual. A complete revision history is provided at the end of this manual.
Changes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change without notice. While reasonable efforts have been
made in the preparation of this document to assure its accuracy, 3PAR Inc. assumes no liability resulting from errors or omissions in
this document or from the use of the information contained herein.
3PAR reserves the right to make changes in the product design without reservation and without notification to its users.
Updates to the Documentation at 3PAR Central
Any updates to this document, or other 3PAR technical documents, can be found by logging into 3PAR Central’s Document Control
System from 3PAR’s Support page, at: http://www.3PAR.com/support/index.html.
3PAR Technical Support and Services
Contact your local service provider for technical support and services.
Sales and Ordering Information
For sales and ordering information, contact
3PAR Inc.
4209 Technology Drive
Fremont, CA 94538 U.S.A.
Telephone: 510-413-5999
Fax: 510-413-5699
E-mail: salesinfo@3PAR.com
Reader Comments and Suggestions
E-mail your comments and suggestions about this document to: ReaderComments@3PAR.com
Copyright
Printed Material
Copyright © 2009 3PAR Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
consent of 3PAR Inc., 4209 Technology Drive, Fremont, CA 94538. By way of exception to the foregoing, the user may print one copy
of electronic material for personal use only.
Trademarks
3PAR, InServ, InForm, InSpire and Serving Information are registered trademarks of 3PAR Inc.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Oracle, Oracle9i, Oracle10g, and Oracle 11g are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation.
All other trademarks and registered trademarks are owned by their respective owners.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Audience
1.2
1.2 Related Documents
1.2
1.3 Organization
1.3
1.4 Typographical Conventions
1.4
1.5 Advisories
1.5
2 Overview of Recovery Manager Operations
2.1 Virtual Copies
2.2
2.2 About the Recovery Manager Repository
2.3
2.3 Interacting with Oracle
2.4
2.4 Interacting with Veritas Volume Manager
2.5
2.5 Interacting with Veritas NetBackup and Oracle RMAN
2.6
2.6 Recovery Manager Utilities
2.7
2.6.1
The Database Configuration Utility
2.7
2.6.2
The Virtual Copy Creation Utility
2.7
2.6.3
The Virtual Copy Display Utility
2.9
2.6.4
The Virtual Copy Mount Utility
2.10
2.6.5
The Virtual Copy Unmount Utility
2.11
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.6.6
The Virtual Copy Export Utility
2.12
2.6.7
The Database Cloning Utility
2.12
2.6.8
The Cloned Database Removal Utility
2.14
2.6.9
The Virtual Copy Removal Utility
2.14
2.7 The Virtual Copy Repository
2.7.1
The Virtual Copy Repository Removal Utility
2.14
2.14
2.8 Virtual Copy Policy
2.15
2.9 Database Rollback from a Virtual Copy
2.15
2.9.1
The Database Rollback Utility
2.10 Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
2.10.1
2.10.2
2.15
2.16
The Database Backup Utility
2.16
2.10.1.1
Immediate Backup
2.17
2.10.1.2
Automatic Backup
2.18
The Database Restoration Utility
2.11 Recovery Manager with Remote Copy
2.20
2.21
3 Installing and Deinstalling Recovery Manager
3.1 Referencing the Support Matrix
3.2
3.2 Preinstallation Requirements
3.2
3.3 Installing Recovery Manager on Linux Systems
3.4
3.3.1
Starting Installation
3.4
3.3.2
Verifying Installation
3.5
3.4 Removing Recovery Manager from Linux Systems
3.6
3.5 Installing Recovery Manager on Solaris Systems
3.6
3.5.1
Starting Installation
3.7
3.5.2
Verifying Installation
3.7
3.6 Removing Recovery Manager from Solaris Systems
3.9
4 Configuring Recovery Manager
iv
Table of Contents
4.1 Setting Up Connections on Recovery Manager
4.2
4.2 Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
4.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.2.1
Setting Up an RSH Connection from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
4.4
4.2.2
Verifying the RSH Connection from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
4.4
4.2.3
Setting Up RSH Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master Server
4.5
4.2.4
Verifying RSH Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master Server
4.5
4.2.5
Setting Up a CLI Connection from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.6
4.2.6
Verifying the CLI Connection from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.7
4.2.7
Setting Up a CLI Connection from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.7
4.2.8
Verifying the CLI Connection from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.8
4.3 Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
4.9
4.3.1
SSH Restrictions
4.10
4.3.2
Modifying the SSH Daemon Configuration
4.10
4.3.3
Generating an SSH Key Pair for the Backup Host
4.11
4.3.4
Generating an SSH Key Pair for the Primary Host
4.11
4.3.5
Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
4.12
4.3.6
Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
4.12
4.3.7
Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master Server
4.13
4.3.8
Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master Server
4.13
4.3.9
Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.14
4.3.10
Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.15
4.3.11
Setting Connections from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.16
4.3.12
Verifying Connections from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage Server
4.17
4.4 Setting up National Language Host Support
4.18
4.5 Setting up Manual Pages on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
4.19
4.6 Setting up a Search Path on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
4.19
4.7 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup
4.19
4.7.1
Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Database Backup
4.20
4.7.2
Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Archive Log Backup
4.21
4.7.3
Setting Up NetBackup Configuration Parameters
4.21
4.8 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
4.22
4.8.1
Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Database Backup with RMAN
4.23
4.8.2
Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Archive Log Backup
4.24
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.8.3
Creating an RMAN Recovery Catalog
4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.9.1
Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File without Remote Copy
4.9.1.1
4.9.1.2
4.9.2
4.24
4.27
4.27
Creating Configuration Files using the Menu-Driven Application
or the Command Line Interface on the Backup Host
4.27
Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File using the GUI
on the Backup Host
4.33
Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File Using Remote Copy
4.40
4.9.2.1
Creating Configuration Files using the Menu Driven Application or Command
Line Interface on the Backup Host
4.40
4.9.2.2
Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File using the GUI
on the Backup Host
4.44
5 Using Recovery Manager from the Menu-Driven Application
5.1 Starting the Menu-Driven Application
5.2
5.2 Managing Virtual Copies
5.2
5.2.1
Displaying Virtual Copies
5.3
5.2.2
Creating a Virtual Copy
5.4
5.2.3
Removing a Virtual Copy
5.4
5.2.4
Mounting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.5
Unmounting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.6
Exporting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.7
Removing a Virtual Copy’s Repository
5.6
5.2.8
Setting Virtual Copy Policy
5.6
5.3 Backing Up Virtual Copies
5.7
5.3.1
Performing Immediate Backups
5.7
5.3.2
Performing Automatic Backups
5.8
5.4 Performing Restores
5.4.1
Performing Restores
5.5 Performing Periodic Remote Copy
5.9
5.9
5.10
6 Using the Recovery Manager Command Line Interface
vcdba_backup
vi
Table of Contents
6.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
vcdba_checkconfig
6.7
vcdba_config
6.8
vcdba_create
6.12
vcdba_createdb
6.15
vcdba_display
6.18
vcdba_export
6.20
vcdba_main
6.22
vcdba_mount
6.24
vcdba_remove
6.27
vcdba_removedb
6.28
vcdba_restore
6.30
vcdba_rmrep
6.33
vcdba_rollback
6.35
vcdba_rsync
6.37
vcdba_umount
6.39
7 Using the Recovery Manager Graphical User Interface
7.1 Starting and Stopping the Recovery Manager GUI
7.1.1
Starting the GUI
7.2
7.2
7.2 Stopping the GUI
7.2
7.3 Creating Configuration Files
7.3
7.4 Modifying Configuration Files
7.3
7.5 Removing Configuration Files
7.3
7.6 Using Virtual Copies
7.4
7.6.1
Creating a Virtual Copy
7.4
7.6.2
Setting up Virtual Copy Policy
7.5
7.6.3
Refreshing Virtual Copy Information
7.5
7.6.4
Mounting a Virtual Copy
7.6
7.6.5
Unmounting a Virtual Copy
7.6
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vii
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6.6
Removing a Virtual Copy
7.7
7.6.7
Backing up a Virtual Copy
7.7
7.6.8
Removing a Virtual Copy Repository
7.7
7.6.9
Restoring Datafiles
7.8
7.6.10
Refreshing Database Information
7.8
7.6.11
Exporting a Virtual Copy to an Alternate Backup Host
7.9
7.6.12
Cloning a Database
7.9
7.6.13
Removing a Cloned Database
7.7 Periodic Database Synchronization
7.10
7.10
7.7.1
Starting Periodic Synchronization
7.11
7.7.2
Verifying the Periodic Synchronization Process
7.11
7.7.3
Removing the Recovery Manager Periodic Sync Lock
7.11
7.7.4
Refreshing Remote Copy Information
7.12
8 Using the Recovery Manager Rollback Utility
8.1 vcdba_rollback Usage
8.2
8.2 Database Volumes Not Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.2
8.2.1
Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
8.2
8.2.2
Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
8.3
8.3 Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.4
8.3.1
Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
8.4
8.3.2
Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
8.7
9 Using Remote Copy with Recovery Manager
9.1 Overview
9.2
9.2 System Configuration
9.3
9.2.1
Recovery Manager’s Remote Copy Requirements
9.3 Verifying Remote Copy Settings
Verifying the Primary/Local Remote Copy Setting
9.5
9.3.2
Verifying the Secondary/Remote Copy Setting
9.6
9.4 Using Remote Copy
Table of Contents
9.5
9.3.1
9.3.2.1
viii
9.3
Starting and Synchronizing Remote Copy Groups
9.8
9.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
IX
RH
Index
Revision History
Table of Contents
ix
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
x
Table of Contents
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1
Introduction
In this chapter
1.1 Audience
1.2
1.2 Related Documents
1.2
1.3 Organization
1.3
1.4 Typographical Conventions
1.4
1.5 Advisories
1.5
This user’s guide provides the information needed to install, configure, and use the 3PAR
Recovery Manager 3.0.2 for Oracle on Solaris and Red Hat Linux®. Recovery Manager offers a
specific data protection solution that has been enhanced to provide rapid online recovery from
space-efficient online point-in-time snapshots of an Oracle database. Further, Recovery
Manager enables off-host backup of an Oracle database to tape, minimizing any impact to the
production Oracle server.
Introduction
1.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1.1 Audience
This is an installation and configuration guide for system administrators and database
administrators who are responsible for backing up databases and who understand Sun™
Solaris™ and/or Linux, and are familiar with the Oracle10g™ and Oracle11g™ Databases.
1.2 Related Documents
The following documents also provide information related to the InServ Storage Server:
For Information About…
Read the…
CLI commands and their usage
3PAR InForm OS Command Line Interface
Reference
Identifying storage server components and
3PAR InForm OS Messages and
detailed alert information
Operator’s Guide
Using the Command Line Interface (CLI) to
3PAR InForm OS CLI Administrator’s
configure and manage InServ Storage
Manual
Servers
Using the InForm Graphical User Interface
3PAR InForm Management Console
(GUI) to configure and administer InServ
Online Help
Storage Servers
Using 3PAR Remote Copy
1.2
Audience
3PAR Remote Copy User’s Guide
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1.3 Organization
This guide is organized as follows:
■
This chapter provides an overview of this guide, including intended audience, related
documentation, typographical conventions, and advisories.
■
Chapter 2, Overview of Recovery Manager Operations, provides an overview of 3PAR
Recovery Manager and its utilities.
■
Chapter 3, Installing and Deinstalling Recovery Manager, describes how to install, verify,
and deinstall Recovery Manager for Oracle.
■
Chapter 4, Configuring Recovery Manager, describes the steps for configuring Recovery
Manager.
■
Chapter 5, Using Recovery Manager from the Menu-Driven Application, provides an
overview and instructions on using 3PAR Recovery Manager’s menu-driven application.
■
Chapter 6, Using the Recovery Manager Command Line Interface, introduces 3PAR
Recovery Manager’s command line interface and its commands.
■
Chapter 7, Using the Recovery Manager Graphical User Interface, describes 3PAR Recovery
Manager’s Graphical User Interface.
■
Chapter 8, Using the Recovery Manager Rollback Utility, describes how to use 3PAR
Recovery Manager’s rollback utility.
■
Chapter 9, Using Remote Copy with Recovery Manager, provides an overview of how to use
3PAR Recovery Manager with 3PAR Remote Copy.
■
This guide also contains an index and revision history for reference.
Organization
1.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1.4 Typographical Conventions
The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:
Typeface
Meaning
Example
ABCDabcd
Used for dialog box elements
Enter your system name in the
such as titles and button
Value box and click OK.
labels.
ABCDabcd
<ABCDabcd>
Used for file names, paths,
and screen output, and for
Found < 12 > 73G disks.
Enter cli at the Windows
text you are to enter.
command prompt.
Used for variables in file
[root@(<systemID-
names, paths, and screen
output, and variables in user
nodeID>)root]
To continue Enter your
input.
system name ==>
<systemname>
1.4
Typographical Conventions
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1.5 Advisories
To avoid injury to people or damage to data and equipment, be sure to observe the cautions
and warnings in this guide. Always be careful when handling any electrical equipment.
NOTE: Notes are reminders, tips, or suggestions that supplement the procedures
included in this guide.
CAUTION: Cautions alert you to actions that can cause damage to equipment,
software, or data.
WARNING: Warnings alert you to actions that can cause injury to people or
irreversible damage to data or the operating system.
Advisories
1.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
1.6
Advisories
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
Overview of Recovery
Manager Operations
In this chapter
2.1 Virtual Copies
2.2
2.2 About the Recovery Manager Repository
2.3
2.3 Interacting with Oracle
2.4
2.4 Interacting with Veritas Volume Manager
2.5
2.5 Interacting with Veritas NetBackup and Oracle RMAN
2.6
2.6 Recovery Manager Utilities
2.7
2.6.1 The Database Configuration Utility
2.7
2.6.2 The Virtual Copy Creation Utility
2.7
2.6.3 The Virtual Copy Display Utility
2.9
2.6.4 The Virtual Copy Mount Utility
2.10
2.6.5 The Virtual Copy Unmount Utility
2.11
2.6.6 The Virtual Copy Export Utility
2.12
2.6.7 The Database Cloning Utility
2.12
2.6.8 The Cloned Database Removal Utility
2.14
2.6.9 The Virtual Copy Removal Utility
2.14
Overview of Recovery Manager Operations
2.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.7 The Virtual Copy Repository
2.14
2.7.1 The Virtual Copy Repository Removal Utility
2.14
2.8 Virtual Copy Policy
2.15
2.9 Database Rollback from a Virtual Copy
2.15
2.10 Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
2.16
2.10.1 The Database Backup Utility
2.16
2.10.2 The Database Restoration Utility
2.20
2.11 Recovery Manager with Remote Copy
2.21
This chapter introduces virtual copy technology and provides instructions for using 3PAR
Recovery Manager to back up and restore Oracle databases.
In this document, the following terminology is used:
■
primary host - A host machine where the Oracle database installation occurs.
■
backup host - A host machine where Recovery Manager for Oracle operations and backup
media installation take place.
2.1 Virtual Copies
A virtual copy is a point-in-time image of a virtual volume created using the copy-on-write
technique. It is composed of a pointer to the parent virtual volume and a record of all the
changes made to the parent since the virtual copy was created. These changes can be rolled
back to reproduce the parent’s earlier state.
A virtual copy can be exported to or mounted on a server to allow regular operations such as
backup or off-host processing.
Within 3PAR Recovery Manager, a virtual copy of a database is a point-in-time image of the
database. It consists of virtual copies of the virtual volumes where the data files and/or archive
logs reside. Recovery Manager can be used to create an online, offline, datafile, or archive log
virtual copy of an Oracle database. An online or offline virtual copy is a point-in-time image of
a database, which is taken while the database is OPEN (online) or CLOSED (offline),
respectively. A datafile virtual copy is a point-in-time image of all database's datafiles, which is
taken while the database is OPEN (online). An archive log virtual copy is a point-in-time image
of database's archive log destination, which is taken while the database is online (OPEN).
2.2
Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Hereinafter, the term virtual copy is used to refer to a virtual copy of a database, rather than of
a virtual volume.
2.2 About the Recovery Manager Repository
Information about virtual copies, database structures, and backup images (if backed up via
Oracle RMAN and/or Veritas NetBackup) are stored in the 3PAR Recovery Manager repository
when a virtual copy is created, or when a backup operation is performed. The information in
the repository is used to manage virtual copies and to restore from a virtual copy backup
image.
Some other Oracle-related files such as parameter files, password files, and control files are
also saved in the Recovery Manager repository, along with the backup image information, for
each virtual copy created.
The Recovery Manager repository is located in the following directory on the backup host:
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>
where:
■
<primary_host> is the host name of the primary host.
■
<oracle_sid> is the database ID.
The following example displays the location of the Recovery Manager repository on the
backup host for Oracle database instance test that is running on primary host Host1.
/etc/3par/solutions/Host1.ora.test
If the database is a Real Application Cluster (RAC) database, there will be multiple repositories,
one for each RAC instance.
About the Recovery Manager Repository
2.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.3 Interacting with Oracle
3PAR Recovery Manager interacts with Oracle database through the SQL Plus utility to perform
the following:
■
Retrieve database structure information in order to create virtual copy for the database.
■
Interact with the Oracle database (put tablespaces (or the whole database) in and out of
backup mode, switch logfiles) as necessary to create a consistent virtual copy.
In order to create a consistent virtual copy of an Oracle database, the database structure must
satisfy the following requirements:
■
The database must be running in archive log mode and automatic archiving must be
enabled in order to create an online virtual copy, datafile only virtual copy, or archive log
only virtual copy.
■
Datafiles and archive logs must reside on separate 3PAR virtual volumes.
■
The online redo logs and control files should not reside on the virtual volumes used by the
datafiles and archive logs to avoid being rolled back along with datafiles and archive logs
virtual volumes. However, the online redo logs and control files can share the same 3PAR
virtual volumes.
■
If the database files reside on Veritas VxVM volumes, datafiles and archive logs must reside
on separate VxVM disk groups. The online redo logs and control files should reside on
separate VxVM volumes used by the datafiles and archive logs.
■
If the Oracle database is an ASM managed database, the datafiles and archive logs must
reside on separate ASM disk groups. The online redo logs and control files should not
reside on the same ASM disk groups used by the datafiles and archive logs to avoid being
restored when using the Recovery Manager Rollback feature.
■
ASM disk groups should not be shared between different databases.
■
If the database is an RAC database, all RAC instances must share the same archive log
destinations (same cluster file systems or same ASM disk groups).
2.4
Interacting with Oracle
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
To ensure that the database is running in automatic archive log mode, use SQL Plus to ensure
that the Database log mode is Archive Mode and that Automatic archival is
Enabled, as in the following example:
$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 9.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Nov 14 13:59:13 2007
Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP and Oracle Data
Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.1.0 - Production
SQL> archive log list
Database log mode
Automatic archival
Archive destination
Oldest online log sequence
Next log sequence to archive
Current log sequence
Archive Mode
Enabled
/rac9i_db/rac9i_arch2
764
764
765
2.4 Interacting with Veritas Volume Manager
Due to restrictions on VxVM, 3PAR Recovery Manager requires a minimum of two disk groups
per database.
CAUTION: The archive log destination must reside on a different Veritas disk
group than any of the disk groups that contain data files for backup operations. It
is also recommended that all database data files be in one VxVM disk group.
Because of the Veritas VxVM disk group limitation of allowing only one imported VxDG per
disk group, Recovery Manager allows only one virtual copy per database to be mounted at a
time. You must unmount the virtual copy for a database after it has been backed up in order to
mount another virtual copy.
Interacting with Veritas Volume Manager
2.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.5 Interacting with Veritas NetBackup and Oracle RMAN
3PAR Recovery Manager integrates 3PAR Virtual Copy with Veritas NetBackup (NBU) and
Oracle RMAN to dramatically reduce the performance impact on the database host, as well as
to minimize database down time during backup. Instead of a traditional backup where the
database is backed up directly on the production server, Recovery Manager creates a virtual
copy (snapshot) of the database, imports it to a secondary host (backup host), and then
performs the backup of the virtual copy on the backup host.
Recovery Manager provides two ways to perform backup and restoration: NBU (user-managed)
and Oracle RMAN.
NOTE: For an ASM managed database, Oracle RMAN backup is the only
supported backup method.
For NBU (user-managed) backup and restoration, Recovery Manager interacts directly with
NBU to trigger the backup/restore process. Recovery Manager requires that the NBU client
must be installed on the primary (database) server and the backup host.
For Oracle RMAN backup, Recovery Manager supports backup to tape and backup to disk. If
Recovery Manager is configured to perform backup to disk, Recovery Manager interacts with
Oracle RMAN to trigger the backup process. If Recovery Manager is configured to perform
backup to tape, Recovery Manager interacts with Oracle RMAN, which in turn interacts with
NBU to trigger the backup/restore process. Recovery Manager requires that Oracle database
software (Oracle RMAN) and Veritas NetBackup Client must be installed on the primary host
and the backup host. Additionally, Veritas NetBackup for Oracle (Oracle Agent) must be
installed on the primary host, backup host, and NetBackup master server, if you select to
backup to tape.
Recovery Manager requires that at least one NBU policy must be created per database.
Optionally, a separate NBU policy can be created for archive log backup (backup archive log
only). The NBU policies must be created as "standard" type or "Oracle" type for NBU (usermanaged) backup/restore or Oracle RMAN backup/restore, respectively (see 4.7 Setting Up
NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup on page 4.19 or 4.8 Setting Up NetBackup
Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup on page 4.22 for detailed information).
2.6
Interacting with Veritas NetBackup and Oracle RMAN
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.6 Recovery Manager Utilities
Read this section for general information regarding 3PAR Recovery Manager utilities available
through the Recovery Manager command line interface, menu driven application, and
graphical user interface.
2.6.1 The Database Configuration Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s database configuration utility (vcdba_config) creates a Recovery
Manager configuration file for each database instance. All operations that are available from
Recovery Manager require this configuration file. After the Recovery Manager configuration
file is created for a database instance, it is stored at:
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config
An equivalent environment file is also created for each configuration file. It contains all
configuration options that are specified in the configuration file. Recovery Manager uses the
environment file for its operations. The environment file is also stored at the same location as
the configuration file.
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config_exp.sh
If a configuration file of a database instance exists, it is overwritten. The permission of the
configuration file is set to the user that created the file.
2.6.2 The Virtual Copy Creation Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s create utility creates an online, offline, datafile, or archive log virtual
copy of an Oracle database (vcdba_create command).
■
online or offline virtual copy - A point-in-time snapshot image of a database while it is
OPEN (online) or CLOSED (offline).
■
archive log virtual copy - A snapshot image of the archive log destination of a database
while it is online (OPEN).
■
datafile virtual copy - A point-in-time snapshot image of the datafiles of a database while
the it is online (OPEN). A datafile virtual copy alone cannot be used for recovery without
the archive logs generated up to the point when the virtual copy is taken. It is assumed that
the user is responsible for making sure all required archive logs exist.
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Once created, the virtual copy can be mounted on the backup host for off-host processing
purposes such as backup and database cloning.
A database virtual copy consists of multiple virtual copies of underlying 3PAR virtual volumes
used by Oracle datafiles, archive log destination, or both, depending on which option is
specified (online, offline, datafile, or archonly). An archive log virtual copy can be used in
conjunction with online or offline virtual copy to simulate an incremental backup.
If Recovery Manager is configured to use Oracle RMAN for backup, an RMAN Recovery Catalog
must have been created and configured prior to running the create utility. The Recovery
Manager create utility performs Recovery Catalog synchronization during the virtual copy
creation process.
When creating an online virtual copy, the create utility performs the following actions:
■
Discovers devices (3PAR virtual volumes) used by the datafiles and archive log destination.
■
Puts all tablespaces in backup mode.
■
Creates a virtual copy for the datafile virtual volumes.
■
Takes all tablespaces out of backup mode.
■
Switches online redo logs and archives them to archive log destination.
■
Resynchronizes the Recovery Catalog to update with newly generated archive logs if the
virtual copy is to be backed up using Oracle RMAN.
■
Creates a virtual copy for the archive log destination virtual volumes.
An offline virtual copy is created while the database is CLOSED. The create utility will perform
the following actions:
■
Starts up the database in MOUNTED mode to retrieve list of datafiles and shuts down the
database.
■
Discovers devices (3PAR virtual volumes) used by the datafiles.
■
Creates a virtual copy for the datafile virtual volumes.
An archive log virtual copy is created while the database is OPEN and performs the following
actions:
2.8
■
Discovers devices (3PAR virtual volumes) used by the archive log destination.
■
Switches logs and archives online redo logs to archive log destination.
Recovery Manager Utilities
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
Resynchronizes the Recovery Catalog to update with newly generated archive logs if the
virtual copy is to be backed up using Oracle RMAN.
■
Creates a virtual copy for the archive log destination virtual volumes.
NOTE: If the virtual copy is to be backed up using Oracle RMAN, a Recovery
Catalog must have been created and configured prior to running this utility. For
an RAC database, archive log destinations of all RAC instances must be on shared
storage (same cluster file systems or same ASM disk groups).
2.6.3 The Virtual Copy Display Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s display utility (vcdba_display) displays database virtual copies
along with other information including creation time, type, status, and backup status.
A virtual copy's type can be either Online, Offline, Datafile, or Archlog.
■
An Online virtual copy indicates that the virtual copy for the database was created while it
was OPEN (online).
■
An Offline virtual copy indicates that the virtual copy for the database was created while it
was CLOSED (offline).
■
A Datafile virtual copy indicates that the virtual copy for the database was created while it
was OPEN (online) and contains only datafiles (no archive log destination).
■
An Archlog virtual copy indicates that the virtual copy was created for archive log
destination only.
A virtual copy's status can be either Available, Removed, Mounted, Mounted(P), or
Database.
■
Available status indicates that the virtual copy exists and is not currently mounted or
cloned.
■
Removed status indicates that the virtual copy is removed.
■
Mounted status indicates that the virtual copy is currently mounted.
■
Mounted(P) status indicates that the virtual copy is partially mounted.
■
Database status indicates that a database has been cloned using the virtual copy.
A virtual copy's backup status can be either Y or N, where Y indicates that the virtual copy has
been backed up and N indicates that the virtual copy has not been backed up.
Recovery Manager Utilities
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.6.4 The Virtual Copy Mount Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s mount utility mounts an existing database virtual copy that was
created using the create utility on the backup host using the vcdba_mount command. The
mounted virtual copy can be used for off-host processing purposes such as backup or database
cloning.
The following restrictions apply when mounting a database virtual copy:
■
The virtual copy must have an Available or Mounted(P) status in order to be mounted.
The virtual copy's status can be retrieved using the Recovery Manager display utility.
■
The same virtual copy cannot be mounted concurrently at different mount points.
■
If the database files reside on Veritas VxVM Volumes, only one virtual copy per database
can be mounted at any time on the backup host. This is due to the VxVM disk groups from
different virtual copies of the same database having the same names and so cannot be
imported at the same time.
■
If the database files reside on ASM disk groups, it is dependent on which ASM database
version is installed on the backup host, different restrictions apply as follows:
◆
If the ASM version on the backup host is 10.2.0.5 or 11.1.0.7, one virtual copy per
database can be mounted at any time on the backup host. However, virtual copies from
different databases can be mounted concurrently.
◆
If the ASM version on the backup host is lower than the releases mentioned in the
previous bullet, only one virtual copy can be mounted at any time on the backup host.
This restriction prevents an Oracle ASM instance on the backup host from hanging due
to some ASM's idle processes still holding a virtual copy's devices, even though the
corresponding ASM disk groups are dropped.
■
If the database files reside on OCFS2 file systems, only one virtual copy per database can be
mounted at any time on the backup host.
Mounting a database virtual copy involves the following actions:
■
A read-write virtual copy of the original (read-only) virtual copy is created.
■
The read-write virtual copy is imported to the backup host.
■
Snapshots of Veritas VxVM disk groups are imported and all corresponding snapshot VxVM
volumes are started if the database files reside on VxVM volumes.
■
2.10
All snapshot file systems are mounted if the database files reside on file systems.
Recovery Manager Utilities
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
For virtual copies from an ASM-managed database, based on the different ASM database
releases on the backup host, the operation is different.
◆
For ASM versions 10.2.0.5 or 11.0.1.7, if an ASM instance exists and is up on the backup
host, then all diskgroups from the virtual copy are mounted in this ASM instance.
Otherwise, an ASM instance is started up on the backup host, and all ASM disk groups in
the virtual copy are mounted.
◆
For ASM versions lower than the releases mentioned in the previous bullet, if an ASM
instance is up on the backup host, the mount utility checks if there is any mounted
diskgroup. If none, the ASM instance is shut down, otherwise, the mount utility gives an
error and exits. After that, a new ASM instance is started up and all diskgroups
contained in the current virtual copy are mounted.
2.6.5 The Virtual Copy Unmount Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s virtual copy unmount utility (vcdba_umount) unmounts the file
system where a virtual copy is currently mounted. The read/write virtual copy is removed, as
well as any components that were created during the mount virtual copy stage.
The virtual copy must have Mounted or Mounted(P) status in order to be unmounted. The
status of a virtual copy can be obtained using a display utility such as the vcdba_display
command.
Unmounting a database virtual copy involves the following actions:
■
For an ASM-managed database, if the ASM database on the backup host has a version at or
above 10.2.0.5 or 11.1.0.7, unmounting the virtual copy drops the ASM diskgroups that are
contained in the virtual copy and cleans up the ASM disks.
■
If the ASM database on the backup host has versions lower than those listed in the previous
bullet, unmounting shuts down the ASM instance and cleans up ASM disks.
■
Unmounts all snapshot file systems if the database files reside on file systems.
■
Destroys all snapshot VxVM disk groups and their VxVM volumes if the database files reside
on VxVM volumes.
■
Deports the read-write virtual copy from the backup host.
■
Removes the read-write virtual copy.
Recovery Manager Utilities
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.6.6 The Virtual Copy Export Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s virtual copy export utility exports an existing virtual copy to an
alternate backup host. The exported virtual copy (vcdba_export command) can then be
mounted, backed up or cloned at the alternate backup host.
The virtual copy must have Available status in order to be exported. An alternate backup
host must have the same operating system, file system, volume manager, and Recovery
Manager version as the current backup host. Status of a virtual copy can be obtained using a
display utility such as the vcdba_display command.
The following restrictions apply to exporting virtual copies:
■
If Veritas Volume Manager is used, the alternate backup host must have the same version
of Veritas Volume Manager that is currently installed.
■
The alternate backup host must be connected to the same InServ Storage Server as the
current backup host.
■
An identical Oracle Database Administrator user ID and group ID on the backup host must
exist on the alternate backup host.
■
If the backup host uses SSH as the connection method from the backup host to the primary
host, then a secure shell connection must be set up between the backup host and the
alternate backup host prior to executing this utility. This is the only connection method
supported in Red Hat Linux.
■
(Solaris only) If the backup host uses RSH as the connection method from the backup host
to the primary host, then an RSH connection must be set up between the backup host and
the alternate backup host prior to using this utility.
■
Once exported, the virtual copy on the alternate backup host can be mounted, umounted,
backed up, and restored.
■
Once the exported virtual copy is no longer needed, its repository can be removed from the
alternate backup host.
2.6.7 The Database Cloning Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s database cloning utility (vcdba_createdb command) creates a
single-instance database, or starts up a cloned database in MOUNTED mode for backup
(RMAN) purposes. A single-instance database can be used for any off-host processing purpose.
A cloned database that is started in MOUNTED mode, can be used for RMAN backup.
2.12
Recovery Manager Utilities
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
The virtual copy used for cloning a database must be either an online or offline virtual copy
(created using the vcdba_create or vcdba_sync command). The virtual copy must have
been mounted using the vcdba_mount command prior to running this command.
A clone database can be created using an ascii or binary controlfile which was saved in the
Recovery Manager repository at the time the virtual copy was created. Using an ascii
controlfile is more flexible as it allows you to change database instance name as well as the
structure of the database.
When using an ascii controlfile, the structure of the clone database is not required to be
exactly the same as the structure of the primary (original) database. Therefore the virtual copy
can be mounted at any mount point. However, since the virtual copy does not contains online
redo-logs and control files, their locations can be specified using the -d option (can be one or
more directories or ASM diskgroups, depending on the desired multiplexing). The number of
multiplex redo log locations must be equal to, or less than, the primary database when
creating the clone database. Otherwise, the extra redo log multiplex location will be ignored.
If the locations of the redologs and controlfiles are not specified, they will be created at the
repository location for the virtual copy (/etc/3par/solutions/<host>.ora.<sid>/
<vc_name>).
When using a binary controlfile the structure of the clone database must be exactly the same
as the structure of the primary database. Therefore, the virtual copy must be mounted at '/' if
the datafiles and archive logs are on file systems. Also, since the virtual copy does not contain
redologs and archivelogs, the same directory structure or same ASM diskgroups for the
redologs and controlfiles must be pre-created on the backup host.
When creating a clone database for backup (RMAN) purposes, the database is started in
MOUNTED mode using the binary controlfile from the repository without recovering the
database. This can be achieved by using the -o for_backup or -o binary, norecovery
option.
A clone database can be created with or without automatic recovery (applying archivelogs
from the virtual copy) using the –o recovery or -o norecovery option. If recovery is chosen
the clone database is open with a reset log, otherwise, the clone database is in a mounted
status.
Recovery Manager Utilities
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.6.8 The Cloned Database Removal Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s cloned database removal utility (vcdba_removedb command)
removes a cloned database, which was created using the vcdba_createdb command.
The cloned database is shutdown with the shutdown immediate option. All files (Oracle
parameter file, control files, and redo logs), which were previously created by the
vcdba_createdb command, are removed. The virtual copy remains mounted.
2.6.9 The Virtual Copy Removal Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s virtual copy removal utility removes an existing virtual copy from the
InServ storage system. The virtual copy must have Available status in order to be removed
using the vcdba_remove command. The status of a virtual copy is obtained by using the
display utility vcdba_display.
This utility only removes the read-only virtual copy from the system to free up the snapshot
space. It does not actually remove the repository information if the virtual copy has been
backed up to the media. This enables Recovery Manager to restore a virtual copy, which has
been previously backed-up to the media on the original volume, as long as the virtual copy
repository exists.
2.7 The Virtual Copy Repository
3PAR Recovery Manager records important information for each virtual copy taken by the
Recovery Manager utilities. The information is used by Recovery Manager for database
restoration. The information is stored in the repository at:
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/<timestamp>
2.7.1 The Virtual Copy Repository Removal Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s virtual copy repository removal utility removes a virtual copy’s
repository that was created using the create utility (2.6.2 The Virtual Copy Creation Utility on
page 2.7). The virtual copy that has been removed must have Removed status in order for
Recovery Manager to remove the repository. The status of a virtual copy can be obtained using
the display utility (2.6.3 The Virtual Copy Display Utility on page 2.9).
If a virtual copy has been backed up, the remove repository utility command fails unless the -f
option is used.
2.14
The Virtual Copy Repository
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.8 Virtual Copy Policy
3PAR Recovery Manager provides the capability to limit the maximum number of virtual copies
allowed per database instance at any time.
For example, a policy can be set to only allow twelve virtual copies at any time for a database.
Recovery Manager always maintains the twelve latest virtual copies by removing the oldest
virtual copy before creating a new copy. The default, and maximum allowed, number is 500,
meaning that up to 500 read-only virtual copies can be created if you have sufficient snapshot
space.
2.9 Database Rollback from a Virtual Copy
When a database is corrupted, you can restore the database to the most recent database
images from the most recently created virtual copy by using the rollback utility.
2.9.1 The Database Rollback Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s database rollback utility (vcdba_rollback) promotes a virtual
copy's volumes back to its base virtual volumes. In other words, the base virtual volumes used
by the database are rolled back to the virtual copy volumes. Once the rollback process
completes successfully, the base virtual volumes are exactly the same as the virtual copy
volumes. If the base volume size has been changed since the virtual copy was taken, the
rollback process will not affect the new size.
■
When rolling back from an online virtual copy, both datafile and archive log virtual
volumes are rolled back by default. Use the -o option to rollback only datafile virtual
volumes or only archive log virtual volumes.
■
When rolling back from an offline virtual copy, only datafile virtual volumes are rolled
back.
■
When rolling back from an archive log virtual copy, only archive log virtual volumes are
rolled back.
The following restrictions apply when rolling back a virtual copy:
■
The online redo logs and control file should not reside on the same virtual volumes used by
the datafiles and archive logs. Otherwise, they will be rolled back along with the datafile
and archive log virtual volumes.
Virtual Copy Policy
2.15
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
The database instance must be CLOSED for this operation. If the database is an RAC
database, all RAC instances must be CLOSED.
■
The base (datafile and/or archive log) virtual volumes must be temporarily removed from
the primary (database) server.
■
The specified virtual copy must have an Available status (not mounted).
Recovery Manager saves an ASCII control file and a binary control file for each created virtual
copy in its repository. After a rollback, you may need to restore the control file in order to
perform database recovery.
2.10 Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
3PAR Recovery Manager integrates 3PAR Virtual Copy with Veritas NetBackup (NBU) and/or
Oracle RMAN to perform off-host backup. Off-host backups can dramatically reduce
performance impact on the primary host and minimize database down time or database in
backup mode during backup.
Recovery Manager creates a virtual copy (snapshot) of the database, mounts it to the backup
host, then performs backup of the virtual copy.
Recovery Manager supports online(hot), offline(cold), datafile, or archive log backups.
■
Online backup - A database backup while it is OPEN.
■
Offline backup - A database backup while it is CLOSED.
■
Datafile backup - A backup of datafiles only.
■
Archive log backup - A backup of archive logs only.
Recovery Manager can be configured to perform either NBU (user-managed) backup or Oracle
RMAN backup (See 4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files on page 4.27 for details).
2.10.1 The Database Backup Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s database backup utility supports full and/or incremental backup of
an Oracle database or archive log destination. Full backup of an Oracle database or archive log
destination are always supported regardless of backup method (NBU backup or Oracle RMAN
backup). However, incremental (differential or cumulative) backup of a whole Oracle database
is only available using Oracle RMAN backup. Incremental (differential or cumulative) backup of
archive log destination is only available for the NBU (user-managed) backup method.
2.16
Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
The following restrictions apply when backing up a database using the Recovery Manager
database backup utility.
■
For NBU (user-managed) backup:
◆
The NBU client must be installed on the backup host, as well as on the primary host.
◆
At least one NBU policy of standard type must be created and configured for database
backup. Optionally, a separate NBU policy of standard type can be created and
configured for archive log destination backup.
■
For Oracle RMAN backup:
◆
If RMAN sbt_tape backup is chosen, the NBU for Oracle client must be installed on the
backup host, as well as on the primary host.
◆
If RMAN sbt_tape backup is chosen, at least one NBU policy of the Oracle type must be
created and configured for database backup. Optionally, a separate NBU policy of the
Oracle type can be created and configured for archive log backup. See section 4.8
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup on page 4.22 for details.
◆
An RMAN Recovery Catalog database must be created and configured prior to using the
backup utility.
There are two ways to perform backups:
■
Immediate backup - a backup that is initiated by Recovery Manager through the database
backup utility.
■
Automatic backup - a backup that is initiated by NBU from the NBU master server.
2.10.1.1 Immediate Backup
During an immediate backup, Recovery Manager performs the following:
■
Creates an online, offline, datafile, or archonly virtual copy for the database or archive log
destination.
■
Mounts the virtual copy on the backup host.
For NBU (user-managed) backup, Recovery Manager:
■
Generates an include list file that contains a list of datafiles and/or archive log destination
on the mounted virtual copy and stores it in the /usr/openv/netbackup/
include_list.<policy_name> file on the NBU client (the backup host).
Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
2.17
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
Calls the bpbackup command from the NBU master server to backup files listed in the
include list.
For Oracle RMAN backup, Recovery Manager:
■
Starts up a clone database in mounted mode using the mounted virtual copy on the backup
host, assuming ORACLE_HOME is installed and configured in the Recovery Manager
repository.
■
Calls an RMAN backup script (vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh or
vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh) to backup the cloned database.
■
Removes the cloned database.
■
Un-mounts the virtual copy.
NOTE: The RMAN backup scripts (vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh and
vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh) are generated at /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid> during the creation of the Recovery
Manager Configuration file.
2.10.1.2 Automatic Backup
During an automatic backup, NBU initiates a backup process on the NBU client (the backup
host).
For an NBU (user-managed) backup:
■
The NBU client executes the bpstart_notify.<policy_name> script.
■
The bpstart_notify script creates a virtual copy of the database or archive log
destination, mounts it on the backup host, then generates the include list in the /usr/
openv/netbackup/include_list.<policy_name> file, which contains a list of files
on the virtual copy for backup.
■
Once the backup process is completed, the NBU client executes the
bpend_notify.<policy_name> script to perform virtual copy cleanup.
2.18
Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
NOTE: The bpstart_notify and bpend_notify scripts are generated at /
usr/openv/netbackup/bin during the creation of the Recovery Manager
Configuration file. By default, the bpstart_notify script (for database backup
policy) will perform an online backup. If an offline or datafile backup is desired,
edit this file to set the value of BACKUP_MODE to 'offline' or 'datafile'
respectively. In addition, the database must be manually shutdown for offline
backup.
For an Oracle RMAN backup:
■
The NBU client executes the backup script vcdba_nbu_dbbackup.sh or
vcdba_nbu_archbackup.sh, which must be specified in the Backup Selection List of the
NBU policy.
■
The backup script creates a virtual copy of the database or archive log destination, mounts
it on the backup host, starts up a cloned database in MOUNTED mode, then calls the RMAN
backup scripts (vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh or vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh) to
backup the cloned database.
NOTE: The backup scripts (vcdba_nbu_dbbackup.sh and
vcdba_nbu_archbackup.sh) and the RMAN backup scripts
(vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh and vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh) are
generated at /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_server>.ora.<oracle_sid> during the creation of the Recovery
Manager Configuration file. By default, the vcdba_nbu_dbbackup.sh script
(for database backup policy) will perform an online backup. If an offline or
datafile backup is desired, edit this file to set the value of BACKUP_MODE to
'offline' or 'datafile' respectively. In addition, the database must be manually put
in MOUNTED mode for offline backup.
NOTE: To perform automatic backup, RSH or SSH must have been configured for
root user as Veritas NetBackup always initiates a backup as root user.
If the virtual copy is to be backed up using Oracle RMAN, a Recovery Catalog must have been
created and configured prior to using the backup utility.
Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
2.19
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
For an RAC database, archive log destinations of all RAC instances must be on shared storage
(same cluster file systems or same ASM disk groups).
2.10.2 The Database Restoration Utility
3PAR Recovery Manager’s database restoration utility restores databases, tablespaces,
datafiles, or archive logs from a virtual copy's backup image. The virtual copy must have been
previously backed up using the vcdba_backup command. The virtual copy must have a
backup status of Y in order to be restored. The virtual copy's backup status can be retrieved
using the Recovery Manager display utility (see 2.6.3 The Virtual Copy Display Utility on
page 2.9).
The Recovery Manager restore utility can also be used to restore a virtual copy's backup image
to an alternate server. For an NBU (user-managed) restoration, the restore utility can also be
used to restore to an alternate location.
The following restrictions apply when restoring from a virtual copy's backup image:
■
When restoring the database control file (using the -c option) using Oracle RMAN, the
database must be in STARTED mode (startup nomount). In addition, restoring the
database control file along with the individual datafile or tablespace is not supported as it
is not possible to perform media recovery.
■
When restoring a database, the database must be in CLOSED or MOUNTED mode for NBU
restore or Oracle RMAN restore, respectively. For an RAC database, all RAC instances must
be in CLOSED or MOUNTED mode.
■
When restoring individual tablespaces or datafiles, the database can be OPEN, but the
corresponding tablespaces must be offline.
■
If the database is an ASM managed database, all ASM disk groups must be mounted prior
to running the restore utility.
■
For an NBU (user-managed) restoration, the /usr/openv/netbackup/db/altnames/
<database_hostname|virtual _hostname> file must be created on the NBU master
server prior to running the restore utility, where
<database_hostname|virtual_hostname> is the host name of the database server.
Depending on the type (online, offline, datafile, or archive log) of the virtual copy's backup
image, corresponding database files are restored appropriately.
For and NBU (user-managed) restoration:
■
2.20
Control files are not restored by default.
Recovery Manager and Third-Party Backup Tools
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
For an online virtual copy, both datafiles and archive logs are restored unless individual
tablespaces or datafiles are being specified. In this case, only the corresponding datafiles
are restored.
■
Only datafiles are restored for an offline or datafile virtual copy.
■
Only archive logs are restored for an archive log virtual copy.
For an Oracle RMAN restoration:
■
Control files are not restored by default.
■
For an online virtual copy, only datafiles are restored. Archive logs are not restored to
minimize restore time as Oracle RMAN can restore only necessary archive logs during
recovery.
■
Only datafiles are restored for an offline or datafile virtual copy.
■
Restoring from an archive log virtual copy backup image is not supported as Oracle RMAN
can restore only necessary archive logs during recovery.
2.11 Recovery Manager with Remote Copy
If 3PAR Remote Copy is set up for a database, 3PAR Recovery Manager’s remote
synchronization utility (vcdba_rsync) can perform a periodic synchronization of database
virtual volumes. Once the synchronization process completes, a virtual copy is created
automatically for the remote virtual volumes on the secondary InServ Storage Server. The
virtual copy can then be mounted on a backup host for off-host processing purposes.
Recovery Manager with Remote Copy
2.21
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2.22
Recovery Manager with Remote Copy
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3
Installing and Deinstalling
Recovery Manager
In this chapter
3.1 Referencing the Support Matrix
3.2
3.2 Preinstallation Requirements
3.2
3.3 Installing Recovery Manager on Linux Systems
3.4
3.3.1 Starting Installation
3.4
3.3.2 Verifying Installation
3.5
3.4 Removing Recovery Manager from Linux Systems
3.6
3.5 Installing Recovery Manager on Solaris Systems
3.6
3.5.1 Starting Installation
3.7
3.5.2 Verifying Installation
3.7
3.6 Removing Recovery Manager from Solaris Systems
3.9
This chapter describes how to install, verify, and remove 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle on
systems running Linux and Solaris.
Installing and Deinstalling Recovery Manager
3.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3.1 Referencing the Support Matrix
For information about supported platforms, refer to the InForm OS Configuration Matrix (part
number 320-200099) available from 3PAR’s Document Control System.
3.2 Preinstallation Requirements
Recovery Manager must be installed on a primary host and a backup host. The primary host
must be running an Oracle10g or above database.
Database backups take place on the backup host that runs Recovery Manager.
Prior to the installation of Recovery Manager, make sure that the following preinstallation
requirements are met:
■
The same Oracle owner user and Oracle DBA group on the primary (database) server must
exist on the backup host. The Oracle owner user ID and Oracle DBA group ID on the backup
host must be the same as on the primary host.
■
■
All Oracle data files and archive logs must reside on separate 3PAR virtual volumes.
Online redo logs and control files can reside on the same virtual volume. However, redo
logs and control files must not reside on virtual volumes on which data files and archive
logs reside.
■
If Veritas Volume Manager is used, the Oracle data files and archive logs must reside on
separate VxVM disk groups. Additionally, online redo logs and control files must not reside
on VxVM disk groups that are used by Oracle data files and archive logs. The online redo
logs and control files can reside on the same VxVM disk group. The primary and backup
host must have the same level of operating system patches, Veritas volume manager
version, and maintenance patch.
■
If ASM is used to manage an Oracle database, Oracle data files and archive logs must reside
on different ASM disk groups. Additionally, online redo logs and control files must not
reside on ASM disk groups used by Oracle data files and archive logs. The online redo logs
and control files can reside on the same ASM disk group.
3.2
Referencing the Support Matrix
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
If you are using Veritas® NetBackup1, it is recommended that you use the backup host as
the NetBackup master server. The Veritas NetBackup client must be installed on the primary
and backup hosts. If you are using Veritas NetBackup in conjunction with Oracle RMAN, the
NetBackup for Oracle client must be installed on the primary and backup hosts. Refer to
Veritas NetBackup for Oracle for installation and configuration instructions.
Additionally, you must create an Oracle RMAN Recovery Catalog and configure Oracle TNS
Service and Listener to allow connecting to the Recovery Catalog from both the primary
and backup hosts. The Recovery Catalog can be created on any host. 3PAR Recovery
Manager recommends that the Recovery Catalog is created on the backup host. Refer to
Oracle documentation for instructions on how to create a Recovery Catalog, as well as how
to configure Oracle TNS Service and Listener.
■
Virtual volume snapshots used by an Oracle database must be mapped to a Common
Provisioning Group (CPG). Refer to the 3PAR InForm OS CLI Administrator’s Manual for
details about mapping to CPGs.
■
If you are upgrading from an earlier version of Recovery Manager, you need to uninstall
the earlier version of Recovery Manager first as a root user before installing the newer
version.
■
Refer to 3PAR Implementation Guides for instructions on setting up connections from hosts
to the InServ Storage Server and reserving LUNs with specific Host Bus Adapters (HBAs).
■
Recovery Manager’s Remote Copy feature only supports periodic synchronization with 1 to
1 topology. To use the Remote Copy feature, you must configure your InServ Storage
Servers for Remote Copy. The InServ Storage Servers must meet the requirements specified
in 9.2.1 Recovery Manager’s Remote Copy Requirements on page 9.3. For instructions on
configuring storage servers for Remote Copy, see the 3PAR Remote Copy User’s Guide.
■
(Solaris only) If a trusted host connection (RSH) is to be used, the InForm OS Command Line
Interface (CLI) must be installed to the /opt/3par/cli directory prior to installing Recovery
Manager.
■
If a secure shell (SSH) connection is to be used, see Chapter 4, Configuring Recovery
Manager.
1 Veritas NetBackup is third-party software, and 3PAR makes no representations or warranties with respect to
such software.
Preinstallation Requirements
3.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3.3 Installing Recovery Manager on Linux Systems
Use the instructions in this section to install 3PAR Recovery Manager software on both the
primary and backup hosts.
3.3.1 Starting Installation
The following section describes the steps necessary for installing 3PAR Recovery Manager on a
Linux system:
CAUTION: When upgrading to a newer version of 3PAR Recovery Manager, any
previously installed versions of Recovery Manager must be removed. Use the rpm
-e VCDBAora command to remove the previously installed package.
To install 3PAR Recovery Manager:
1
Log in as the root user.
2
Insert the 3PAR Recovery Manager CD into a CD-ROM drive.
NOTE: If the CD is not mounted automatically, you can mount it manually.
# mount -t iso9660 -r /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
3
Change to the CD-ROM drive.
# cd /mnt/cdrom0
4
Issue the rpm command as follows:
# rpm –ihv –-percent -–nodeps VCDBAora-302-1.i386.rpm
3.4
Installing Recovery Manager on Linux Systems
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3.3.2 Verifying Installation
To verify 3PAR Recovery Manager installation on a Linux system:
1
Log in as the root user.
2
Issue the rpm command as follows:
# rpm -qi VCDBAora
Name
: VCDBAora
Relocations: (not relocatable)
Version
: 302
Vendor: 3PAR, Inc.
Release
: 1
Build Date: Thu 18 Sep 2008 05:28:57
PM PDT
Install Date: Fri 19 Sep 2008 03:49:59 PM PDT
Group
: Applications/system
Size
: 112747698
Signature
: (none)
Build Host: spinner
Source RPM: VCDBAora-302-1.src.rpm
License: 3PAR, Inc.
Packager
: John Smith <johnsmith@3par.com>
Summary
: Recovery Manager for Oracle on Linux
Description :
3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle on Linux, it provides a set of utilities to
perform 3PAR Virtual Copy administration for online backup, restore and off-host
processing.
3
After the installation is complete on the primary and backup hosts, you can allow Oracle
users and Database Administrators group access to the Recovery Manager commands and
utilities by changing the owner and permissions of the following directories (required for
Oracle users):
◆
/opt/3par/vcdbaora
◆
/etc/3par/solutions
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/log
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/lock
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>
Installing Recovery Manager on Linux Systems
3.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
a
Change the owner of the Recovery Manager utilities and repository as follows, where
the Database Administrator user name is <user> and the group name is <group>:
#chown
#chown
#chown
#chown
b
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
/opt/3par/vcdbaora
/etc/3par/solutions
/etc/3par/solutions/log
/etc/3par/solutions/lock
Change the access permission of the Recovery Manager utilities as follows:
#chmod 550 /opt/3par/vcdbaora
4
If the /etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid> directory exists,
you must also change the owner and permission as follows:
# chown -R <user>:<group> /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>
3.4 Removing Recovery Manager from Linux Systems
To deinstall 3PAR Recovery Manager from a Linux system:
1
Log on as the root user.
2
Use the rpm command as follows:
# rpm -e VCDBAora
3.5 Installing Recovery Manager on Solaris Systems
Use the instructions in this section to install 3PAR Recovery Manager software on both the
primary and the backup hosts.
CAUTION: Prior to upgrading to 3PAR Recovery Manager, deinstall any previously
installed versions of Recovery Manager. To remove a previously installed package,
log on as the root user and use the pkgrm VCDBAora command.
3.6
Removing Recovery Manager from Linux Systems
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3.5.1 Starting Installation
To install 3PAR Recovery Manager on a Solaris system:
1
Log on as the root user.
2
Insert the 3PAR Recovery Manager CD into a CD-ROM drive.
If the CD is not mounted automatically, you will need to mount it manually.
# mount -F hsfs -o ro /dev/dsk/c0t6d0s2/cdrom
3
Change to the CD-ROM drive.
# cd /cdrom/cdrom0
4
Use the pkgadd command as follows:
# pkgadd -d . VCDBAora
You will be prompted to answer several questions about creating the installation area and
the setuid files to be installed.
NOTE: Install the following two patches if applicable:
◆
Solaris 5.9 SSH requires patch 114356-05, or higher.
◆
Solaris 5.10 requires patch 119130-26, or higher.
The following commands can be used to verify whether the patches are installed
or not:
◆
showrev -p | grep 114356
◆
showrev -p | grep 119130
3.5.2 Verifying Installation
To verify 3PAR Recovery Manager installation on a Solaris system:
1
Log in as the root user.
Installing Recovery Manager on Solaris Systems
3.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
Use the pkginfo command as follows:
# pkginfo -l VCDBAora
PKGINST: VCDBAora
NAME: 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle on Solaris
CATEGORY: application
ARCH: Sparc
VERSION: 3.0.2
BASEDIR: /opt/3par/vcdbaora
VENDOR: 3PAR
DESC: 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle on Solaris
PSTAMP: vcdbaora-3.0.2: 01-19-2007 15:07:30
INSTDATE: Jan 19 2007 15:21
HOTLINE: 1-510-413-5999
EMAIL: salesinfo@3pardata.com
STATUS: completely installed
FILES:
106 installed pathnames
7 shared pathnames
21 directories
50 executables
4 setuid/setgid executables
166294 blocks used (approx)
3
After the installation is complete on the primary and backup hosts, you can allow Oracle
users and Database Administrators group access to the Recovery Manager commands and
utilities by changing the owner and permissions of the following directories (required for
Oracle users):
◆
/opt/3par/vcdbaora
◆
/etc/3par/solutions
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/log
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/lock
◆
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>
a
Change the owner of the Recovery Manager utilities and repository as follows, where
the Database Administrator user name is <user> and the group name is <group>:
#chown
#chown
#chown
#chown
3.8
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
<user>:<group>
/opt/3par/vcdbaora
/etc/3par/solutions
/etc/3par/solutions/log
/etc/3par/solutions/lock
Installing Recovery Manager on Solaris Systems
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
b
Change the access permission of the Recovery Manager utilities as follows:
#chmod 550 /opt/3par/vcdbaora
4
If the /etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid> directory exists,
you must also change the owner and permission as follows:
# chown -R <user>:<group> /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>
3.6 Removing Recovery Manager from Solaris Systems
To remove 3PAR Recovery Manager from a Solaris system:
1
Log in as the root user.
2
Use the pkgrm command as follows:
# pkgrm VCDBAora
Removing Recovery Manager from Solaris Systems
3.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3.10
Removing Recovery Manager from Solaris Systems
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4
Configuring Recovery
Manager
In this chapter
4.1 Setting Up Connections on Recovery Manager
4.2
4.2 Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
4.3
4.3 Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
4.9
4.4 Setting up National Language Host Support
4.18
4.5 Setting up Manual Pages on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
4.19
4.6 Setting up a Search Path on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
4.19
4.7 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup
4.19
4.8 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
4.22
4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.27
Configuring Recovery Manager
4.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.1 Setting Up Connections on Recovery Manager
3PAR Recovery Manager requires that either an RSH/CLI or SSH connection be configured for
the backup host, the primary host, the Veritas NetBackup master server, and the InServ Storage
Server.
NOTE: RSH connection is available for Solaris systems only.
Since Recovery Manager can be run by either the root user or Oracle user (Oracle owner),
perform one of the following:
■
For Solaris systems, configure RSH or SSH for the root or Oracle user.
■
For Linux systems, configure SSH for the root or Oracle user.
NOTE: RSH or SSH must be set up for the root user in order to use Veritas
NetBackup’s automatic backup feature (a back up initiated from the NetBackup
master server), as NetBackup always initiates a backup as the root user.
The following sections describe how to set up RSH and SSH connections.
4.2
Setting Up Connections on Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.2 Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
NOTE: RSH connections are available for Solaris systems only.
This section describes how to set up RSH/CLI for a root user on the primary host, backup host,
Veritas NetBackup master server, and the InServ Storage Server.
NOTE: If you are setting up an RSH connection, you must install the 3PAR InForm
Command Line Interface (CLI) in the /opt/3par/cli directory prior to installing
3PAR Recovery Manager. Refer to the InForm OS CLI Administrator’s Manual for
instructions on installing the InForm CLI.
Figure 4-1 represents the RSH/CLI connections relationship between the primary host, the
backup host, Veritas NetBackup master server, and the InServ Storage Server.
Figure 4-2 represents the RSH/CLI connection relationship with 3PAR Remote Copy support.
Primary
Host
Backup
Host
RSH
RSH
Root User
Root User
CLI
Connection
Veritas
NetBackup
Master
Server
Root User
CLI
Connection
Recovery Manager
User
InServ Storage
Server
Figure 4-1. RSH/CLI Connection Relationship
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
4.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Primary/Local
Host
Backup/Remote
Host
RSH
Root User
Root User
CLI
Connection
Recovery
Manager User
Primary/Local
InServ Storage
Server
CLI
Connection
Recovery
Manager User
Secondary/Remote
InServ Storage
Server
Figure 4-2. RSH/CLI Connection Relationship for Remote Copy Support
4.2.1 Setting Up an RSH Connection from the Backup Host to the Primary
Host
To set up an RSH connection from the backup host to the primary host:
1
Log in to the primary host as the root or Oracle user.
2
Modify or create the ~/.rhosts file to contain the following lines:
<backup_host> <user>
where:
◆
<backup_host> is the host name of the backup host.
◆
<user> is the root user name on the backup host.
4.2.2 Verifying the RSH Connection from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
From the backup host, verify the RSH connection to the primary host as follows:
1
4.4
On the backup host, login in as the root or Oracle user (as you logged in during set up).
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
Issue the rsh command for the primary host as follows:
<backup_host># rsh <primary_host> ls /
3
Make sure the command completes successfully.
4.2.3 Setting Up RSH Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup
Master Server
If the Veritas NetBackup master server and the Recovery Manager backup host are not the
same, you must set up the RSH connection to the NetBackup master server as described in the
following steps. Otherwise, skip this section.
To set up an RSH connection from the backup host to the Veritas NetBackup master server:
1
Log in to the NetBackup master server as the root or Oracle user.
2
Modify or create the ~/.rhosts file to contain the following line:
<backup_host> <root_user>
where:
◆
<backup_host> is the host name of the backup host.
◆
<root_user> is the root user’s name on the backup host.
4.2.4 Verifying RSH Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup
Master Server
From the backup host, verify the RSH connection to the NetBackup master server as follows:
1
On the backup host, login in as the root or Oracle user (as you logged in during set up).
2
Issue the rsh command for the NetBackup master server as follows:
<backup_host># rsh <nbu_master> ls /
Make sure the command completes successfully.
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
4.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.2.5 Setting Up a CLI Connection from the Primary Host to the InServ
Storage Server
Set up a CLI connection from the primary host to the InServ Storage Server as follows:
1
On the primary host, set the environment variables as follows:
#TPDSYSNAME=<ss_name>
#TPDPWFILE=<ss_pwfile>
#export TPDSYSNAME TPDPWFILE
where:
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the primary
host.
◆
<ss_pwfile> is the location for the InServ Storage Server user password file.
NOTE: Before creating a CLI user, refer to the InForm OS CLI Administrator’s
Manual for a list of reserved user names.
2
On the primary host, create a CLI user as follows:
<primary_host># /opt/3par/cli/bin/createuser -c \
<password> <username> all edit
where <username> is the name of the user being created.
For additional information about the createuser command, see the InForm OS
Command Line Interface Reference.
3
On the primary host, create a storage server user password file as follows:
<primary_host># /opt/3par/cli/bin/setpassword -saveonly -file \
$TPDPWFILE -u <username>
where <username> is the username you created in step 2.
4.6
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.2.6 Verifying the CLI Connection from the Primary Host to the InServ
Storage Server
From the primary host, verify the CLI connection to the InServ Storage Server as follows:
1
On the primary host, log in as the root or Oracle user (as you logged in during set up).
2
Issue any CLI command (such as showsys) and ensure that the command completes
successfully.
<primary_host># showsys
4.2.7 Setting Up a CLI Connection from the Backup Host to the InServ
Storage Server
Set up a CLI connection from the backup host to the InServ Storage Server as follows:
1
On the backup host, set the environment variables as follows:
#TPDSYSNAME=<ss_name>
#TPDPWFILE=<ss_pwfile>
#export TPDSYSNAME TPDPWFILE
where:
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the backup host.
◆
<ss_pwfile> is the location for the InServ Storage Server user password file.
NOTE: The following step is optional. Perform step 2 if you want 3PAR Recovery
Manager to access the InServ Storage Server from the backup host as a different
user than the user created on the primary host.
2
On the backup host, create a CLI user on the InServ Storage Server as follows:
<backup_host># /opt/3par/cli/bin/createuser -c \<password> <username> all
edit
See the InForm OS Command Line Interface Reference for additional information on the
createuser command.
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
4.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3
On the backup host, create a storage server user password file as follows:
<backup_host># /opt/3par/cli/bin/setpassword -saveonly -file \
$TPDPWFILE -u <username>
where <username> is the name of the user you created in step 2 in this section or in 4.2.2
Verifying the RSH Connection from the Backup Host to the Primary Host on page 4.4.
4.2.8 Verifying the CLI Connection from the Backup Host to the InServ
Storage Server
From the backup host, verify the CLI connection to the InServ Storage Server as follows:
1
On the backup host, log in as the root or Oracle user (as you logged in during set up).
2
Issue any CLI command (such as showsys) and ensure that the command completes
successfully.
<backup_host># showsys
4.8
Setting up RSH/CLI Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.3 Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
This section provides instructions on how to configure a Secure Shell (SSH) connection for the
root user on the primary host, backup host, NetBackup (NBU) master server, and the InServ
Storage Server.
Figure 4-3 represents the SSH connection relationship between the primary host, the backup
host, and the InServ Storage Server.
Figure 4-4 represents the SSH connection relationship in a Remote Copy configuration.
Primary
Host
Veritas
NetBackup
Master
Server
Backup
Host
SSH
Root User
SSH
Root User
SSH
Root User
SSH
Recovery Manager
User
InServ Storage
Server
Figure 4-3. SSH Connection Relationship
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
4.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Primary/Local
Host
Backup/Remote
Host
SSH
Root User
Root User
SSH
SSH
Recovery
Manager User
Primary/Local
InServ Storage
Server
Recovery
Manager User
Secondary/Remote
InServ Storage
Server
Figure 4-4. SSH Connection Relationship for Remote Copy Support
4.3.1 SSH Restrictions
Recovery Manager has the following SSH restrictions:
■
The ssh and scp commands must be located in the /usr/bin/ directory. Create symbolic
links as follows:
#ln -s /usr/local/bin/ssh /usr/bin/ssh
#ln -s /usr/local/bin/scp /usr/bin/scp
■
SSH keys on the primary and backup hosts must be generated with no passphrase. Recovery
Manager does not support an SSH passphrase or SSH agent.
4.3.2 Modifying the SSH Daemon Configuration
If SSH needs to be configured for the root user, then the SSH daemon on the primary host,
backup host, and NetBackup master server must be configured to allow root access. Perform
the following on each system:
1
Verify that the SSH daemon allows root access by checking the sshd_config file for the
following line:
4.10
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
PermitRootLogin yes
NOTE: If you are using native SSH, the sshd_config file is located in
/etc/ssh/sshd_config.
2
If the line reads PermitRootLogin no, change the line to read yes.
4.3.3 Generating an SSH Key Pair for the Backup Host
To generate an SSH key pair for the backup host:
1
Log on to the backup host as the root user.
2
Create a key pair with no passphrase using the ssh-keygen command. If a key-pair
already exists, skip this section.
<backup_host:# ssh-keygen -b 1024 -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (//.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in //.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in //.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx root@<backup_host>
NOTE: You can create the SSH key as either dsa or rsa. The recommended key
length is 1024 (the total of the public and private key lengths).
The ssh-keygen utility generates two files, id_rsa and id_rsa.pub (or id_dsa and
id_dsa.pub). The id_rsa (or id_dsa) file contains the private key and the id_rsa.pub
(or id_dsa.pub) file contains the public key.
4.3.4 Generating an SSH Key Pair for the Primary Host
You can either use the same SSH key pair generated for the backup host or generate a
different SSH key pair for the primary host. If you choose to use the same key pair, create one
InForm CLI user, otherwise, create two different CLI users to be accessed from the primary host
and the backup host, respectively. If you are generating a different SSH key pair for the
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
4.11
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
primary host, perform the procedure described in 4.3.3 Generating an SSH Key Pair for the
Backup Host on page 4.11 on the primary host.
NOTE: In an RAC environment, all the nodes in the cluster must have the same
SSH key pair in order to run Recovery Manager utilities against any RAC instance
on any node.
If you choose to use the same SSH key pair, create one InForm CLI user (see 4.3.7 Setting Up
Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master Server on page 4.13 and 4.3.9
Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage Server on page 4.14). Then
copy the SSH key pair from the backup host to the primary host as follows:
<primary_host> # scp <backup_host>:~/.ssh/* ~/.ssh
The authenticity of host 'pilot (192.168.3.130)' can't be established.
RSA key finger print is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'pilot (192.168.3.130)' to the list of known
hosts.
root@pilot's password:
4.3.5 Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
To set up an SSH connection from the backup host to the primary host, perform the following:
X
Copy the public key (id_rsa.pub) of the backup host to the authorized_keys file of
the primary host.
<backup_host> # scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub <primary_host>:~/.ssh/authorized_keys
If the authorized_keys file already exist, add the public key to the end of the
authorized_keys file.
4.3.6 Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the Primary Host
From the backup host, verify the connection to the primary host as follows:
NOTE: If you are prompted for a password, the setup is incorrect and you must
redo the previous setup.
4.12
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
<backup_host># ssh root@<primary_host>
The authenticity of host '<primary_host>' can't be established.
DSS key fingerprint is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:x:xx:xx.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '<primary_host>' (DSS) to the list of
known hosts.
where <primary_host> is the primary host’s hostname.
4.3.7 Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master
Server
To set up an SSH connection from the backup host to the NetBackup (NBU) master server,
perform the following:
X
Copy the public key (id_rsa.pub) of the backup host to the authorized_keys file of
the NBU master server.
<backup_host # scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub <NBU_server>:~/.ssh/authorized_keys
If the authorized_keys file already exist, add the public key to the end of the
authorized_keys file.
4.3.8 Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the NetBackup Master
Server
From the backup host, verify the connection to the NetBackup master server as follows:
NOTE: If you are prompted for a password, the setup is incorrect and you must
redo the previous setup.
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
4.13
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
<backup_host># ssh root@<NBU_master>
The authenticity of host '<NBU_master>' can't be established.
DSS key fingerprint is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:x:xx:xx.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '<NBU_master>' (DSS) to the list of
known hosts.
4.3.9 Setting Up Connections from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage
Server
Set up an SSH connection from the backup host to the InServ Storage Server as follows:
1
Log in to the backup host as root user.
2
Make sure the SSH key pair exists as follows:
<backup_host> # ls ~/.ssh
id_rsa id_rsa.pub authorized_keys known_hosts
3
Create a CLI user on the InServ Storage Server to be used by 3PAR Recovery Manager to
access the InServ Storage Server from the backup host. Skip this step if you wish to use an
existing user.
<backup_host># ssh <adm_user>@<ss_name>
<adm_user>'s password: <adm_password>
cli% createuser -c <password> <username> all edit
In the example above:
◆
<adm_user> is the user name of the InServ Storage Server’s administrator.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the backup
host.
◆
<adm_password> is the administrator's password.
◆
<password> is the password (for the InServ Storage Server) for the CLI user being
created.
◆
4.14
<username> is the user being created.
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
For details about the createuser command, refer to the InForm OS Command Line
Interface Reference.
4
Copy the public key of the backup host to the InServ Storage Server.
<backup_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
<username>'s password: <password>
cli% setsshkey
Please enter the SSH puplic key below. When finished, press enter twice. The
key is usually long. It's better to copy it from inside and editor and paste
it here. (Please make sure there are no extra blanks.)
<pass the public key here and press Enter twice>
<public_key>
SSH public key successfully set!
In the example above:
◆
<username> is the user being created.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the backup
host.
◆
<password> is the password for the CLI user being created.
◆
<public_key> is the SSH public key of the backup host.
4.3.10 Verifying Connections from the Backup Host to the InServ Storage
Server
From the backup host, verify the connection from the backup host to the InServ Storage Server
as follows:
NOTE: If you are prompted for a password, the setup is incorrect and you must
redo the previous setup.
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
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<backup_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
The authenticity of host '<ss_name>' can't be established.
DSS key fingerprint is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:x:xx:xx.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '<InServ_name>' (DSS) to the list of
known hosts.
where:
◆
<user_name> is the CLI user created in 4.3.7 Setting Up Connections from the Backup
Host to the NetBackup Master Server on page 4.13.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the backup
host.
4.3.11 Setting Connections from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage
Server
Skip this step if the primary host has the same SSH key pair as the SSH key pair of the backup
host (see 4.3.4 Generating an SSH Key Pair for the Primary Host on page 4.11). 3PAR Recovery
Manager uses the same CLI user to access the InServ Storage Server from either the backup
host or primary host.
If you created a different CLI user for the primary host, perform the following to set up an SSH
connection from the primary host to the InServ Storage Server.
1
Log in to the primary host as root user.
2
Make sure the SSH key pair exists as follows:
<primary_host> # ls ~/.ssh
id_rsa id_rsa.pub authorized_keys known_hosts
3
Create a CLI user to be used by Recovery Manager to access the InServ Storage Server from
the primary host. Skip this step if you wish to use an existing user (different from the user
created for the backup host).
<primary_host># ssh <adm_user>@<ss_name>
<adm_user>'s password: <adm_password>
cli% createuser -c <password> <username> all edit
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In the example above:
◆
<adm_user> is the user name of the InServ Storage Server’s administrator.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the primary
host.
◆
<adm_password> is the administrator's password.
◆
<password> is the password (for the InForm Storage Server) for the CLI user being
created.
◆
4
<username> is the user being created.
Copy the public key of the primary host to the InServ Storage Server.
<primary_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
<username>'s password: <password>
cli% setsshkey
Please enter the SSH puplic key below. When finished, press enter twice. The
key is usually long. It's better to copy it from inside and editor and paste
it here. (Please make sure there are no extra blanks.)
<pass the public key here and press Enter twice>
<public_key>
SSH public key successfully set!
In the example above:
◆
<username> is the user being created.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the primary
host.
◆
<password> is the password for the CLI user being created.
◆
<public_key> is the SSH public key of the primary host.
4.3.12 Verifying Connections from the Primary Host to the InServ Storage
Server
From the primary host, verify the connection from the primary host to the InServ Storage
Server as follows:
Setting Up SSH Connections for Recovery Manager
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NOTE: If you are prompted for a password, the setup is incorrect and you must
redo the previous setup.
<primary_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
The authenticity of host '<ss_name>' can't be established.
DSS key fingerprint is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:x:xx:xx.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '<ss_name>' (DSS) to the list of
known hosts.
where:
◆
<username> is the CLI user created in 4.3.9 Setting Up Connections from the Backup
Host to the InServ Storage Server on page 4.14.
◆
<ss_name> is the name of the InServ Storage Server attached to the primary host.
4.4 Setting up National Language Host Support
The 3PAR Recovery Manager message catalog is installed in the /opt/3par/vcdbaora/msg/
en_US directory and the symbolic link is installed in the /usr/lib/locale/en_US directory.
X
To retrieve the text messages properly, you must set the NLSPATH path environment.
# NLSPATH=$NLSPATH:/usr/lib/locale/%L/%N
# export NLSPATH
4.18
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4.5 Setting up Manual Pages on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
3PAR Recovery Manager provides manual pages in the /opt/3par/vcdbaora/man directory.
X
To access the manual pages, define the environment variable MANPATH as follows:
# MANPATH=$MANPATH:/opt/3par/vcdbaora/man
# export MANPATH
# LC_ALL=en_US
#export LC_ALL
4.6 Setting up a Search Path on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
3PAR Recovery Manager executables are stored in the /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin directory
is provided for main programs.
X
To add the Recovery Manager executables to the Recovery Manager search path, use the
following commands:
# PATH=$PATH:/opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin
# export PATH
4.7 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup
3PAR Recovery Manager supports NetBackup (NBU) with or without RMAN. The following
sections describe how to set up NBU policies for NBU backup without RMAN.
Recovery Manager supports full, incremental, or cumulative incremental archive log backup
(backup only archive logs). When performing NBU backup without RMAN, Recovery Manager
supports only full database backup (incremental database backup is not possible). However,
you can combine full database backup with archive log backup to simulate incremental
database backup.
Recovery Manager requires that you create an NBU policy for database backup. If you wish to
perform archive log backup, you must create a separate NBU policy for it.
Setting up Manual Pages on Both Primary and Backup Hosts
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NOTE: This section assumes that you are familiar with the Oracle Database and
Veritas NetBackup (NBU). For more information on creating a NetBackup policy,
refer to Veritas NetBackup documentation.
4.7.1 Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Database Backup
For 3PAR Recovery Manager to perform backup and restoration correctly, you must use the
following guidelines in conjunction with Veritas NetBackup documentation when configuring
a NBU policy:
Backup Attribute
1 Select the standard type for the policy.
2 Select the cross mount points option.
3 Deselect the Allow multiple data stream and Block level
incremental options.
Backup Selections
1 It is recommended that you enter /dummy for the backup selections.
2 Recovery Manager generates the backup selection list on the fly to replace
the value you entered.
Backup Schedule
1 Create a schedule for full backup.
2 If you wish to perform immediate database backup (initiated from
Recovery Manager), set the backup window to 0.
3 If you also wish to perform automatic database backup (initiated from
NBU), specify the backup window to fit your needs.
Backup Clients
Set the backup client to the host name of the backup host, as the backup
process will actually take place on the backup host.
4.20
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.7.2 Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Archive Log Backup
Perform this step only if you want to only backup the archive logs. For Recovery Manager to
perform backup and restoration correctly, you must use the following guidelines in
conjunction with Veritas NetBackup documentation when configuring a NBU policy:
Backup Attribute
1 Select the standard type for the policy.
2 Select the cross mount points option.
3 Deselect the Allow multiple data stream and Block level
incremental options.
Backup Selections
1 It is recommended that you enter /dummy for the backup selections.
2 Recovery Manager generates the backup selection list on the fly to replace
the value you entered.
Backup Schedule
1 Create two schedules, one for full backup and one for incremental backup
(optional). For the incremental backup schedule, you can create either a
differential incremental or cumulative incremental backup schedule.
2 If you wish to perform immediate archive log backup (initiated from
Recovery Manager), set the backup window to 0.
3 If you also wish to perform automatic archive log backup (initiated from
NBU), specify the backup window to fit your needs.
Backup Clients
Set the backup client to the host name of the backup host, as the backup
process will actually take place on the backup host.
4.7.3 Setting Up NetBackup Configuration Parameters
For Recovery Manager to perform backups correctly, the following parameters in the /usr/
openv/netbackup/bp.conf file must be changed on the backup host (NBU client). If a
virtual hostname is used on the primary host for cluster purposes, the CLIENT_NAME must be
specified in the bp.conf file for the virtual hostname in order for the Recovery Manager
restoration utilitiy to function properly.
■
USE_CTIME_FOR_INCREMENTAL
■
BPSTART_TIMEOUT = 600
■
BPEND_TIMEOUT = 600
■
CLIENT_NAME = <virtual_hostname>
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for NBU (User-Managed) Backup
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4.8 Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
The following sections describe how to set up NetBackup (NBU) policies for NBU backup with
RMAN.
To perform NBU backup with RMAN, you must have Veritas NetBackup for Oracle installed on
the NBU master server, VERTIAS NetBackup client for Oracle installed on the primary host and
the backup host. Refer to Veritas NetBackup for Oracle for installation and configuration
instructions.
In addition, you must create an Oracle RMAN Recovery Catalog and configure Oracle TNS
Service and Listener to allow connections to the Recovery Catalog from both primary and
backup host. The Recovery Catalog can be created on any server. 3PAR Recovery Manager
recommends that the Recovery Catalog is created on the backup host. See 4.8.3 Creating an
RMAN Recovery Catalog on page 4.24 for instructions.
When perform NBU backup with RMAN, Recovery Manager supports full, differential, and
cumulative incremental database backup. Recovery Manager also support full archive log
backup (backup only archive logs).
Recovery Manager requires that you create a NBU policy for database backup. If you wish to
perform archive log backup, you must create a separate NBU policy for it.
NOTE: This section assumes that you are familiar with Oracle Database and
Veritas NetBackup (NBU). For more information on how to create NetBackup
policy, refer to Veritas NetBackup for Oracle documentation.
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Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
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4.8.1 Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Database Backup with RMAN
For Recovery Manager to perform backup and restoration correctly, you must use the
following guidelines in conjunction with Veritas NetBackup documentation when configuring
a NBU policy:
Backup Attribute
Select the Oracle type for the policy.
Backup Selections
1 Enter the location of RMAN backup script (/etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/vcdba_nbu_dbbackup.sh).
2 Recovery Manager will generate the RMAN backup script at the specified
location when you create the configuration file (see 4.9 Recovery
Manager Configuration Files on page 4.27 below for details).
Backup Schedule
1 Create two schedules, one for full backup and one for incremental backup
(optional). For the incremental backup schedule, you can create either a
differential incremental or cumulative incremental backup schedule.
2 If you wish to perform immediate database backup (initiated from
Recovery Manager), set the backup window to 0.
3 If you also wish to perform automatic database backup (initiated from
NBU), specify the backup window to fit your needs.
Backup Clients
Set the backup client to the host name of the backup host, as the backup
process will actually take place on the backup host.
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
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4.8.2 Configuring the NetBackup Policy for Archive Log Backup
Perform this step only if you wish to backup only archive logs. For Recovery Manager to
perform backup and restoration correctly, you must use the following guidelines in
conjunction with Veritas NetBackup documentation when configuring a NBU policy:
Backup Attribute
Select the Oracle type for the policy.
Backup Selections
1 Enter the location of RMAN backup script (/etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/
vcdba_nbu_archbackup.sh).
2 Recovery Manager will generate the RMAN backup script at the specified
location when you create the configuration file (see 4.9 Recovery
Manager Configuration Files on page 4.27 below for details).
Backup Schedule
1 Create a schedule for full backup.
2 If you wish to perform immediate archive log backup (initiated from
Recovery Manager), set the backup window to 0.
3 If you also wish to perform automatic archive log backup (initiated from
NBU), specify the backup window to fit your needs.
Backup Clients
Set the backup client to the host name of the backup host, as the backup
process will actually take place on the backup host.
4.8.3 Creating an RMAN Recovery Catalog
This section describes how to create and configure an RMAN Recovery Catalog. Refer to Oracle
documentation for more detailed information.
1
Create a database for housing the Recovery Catalog. Oracle suggests the following disk
space requirements:
4.24
◆
System tablespace: 100 MB
◆
Temp tablespace: 5 MB
◆
Rollback segment: 5 MB
◆
Online redo log: 1 MB (each)
◆
Recovery Catalog: 10 MB
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
Create a tablespace for the Recovery Catalog as follows:
$ export ORACLE_SID=<catdb>
$ export ORACLE_HOME=<oracle_home>
$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"
SQL> create tablespace <cat_tbs> datafile '<path/filename>' size 10M;
SQL> exit
where:
3
◆
<catdb> is the Oracle Instance ID of the Recovery Catalog.
◆
<cat_tbs> is the Recovery Catalog tablespace name.
◆
<path/filename> is the file path where the datafile is created.
Create a user for the Recovery Catalog as follows:
$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"
SQL> create user <rman_user> identified by <rman_password>
temporary tablespace temp
default tablespace <cat_tbs>
quota unlimited on <cat_tbs>;
SQL> grant connect, resource, recovery_catalog_owner to <rman_user>;
where:
◆
<tbs_name> is the tablespace name of the Recovery Catalog.
◆
<rman_user> is the user name to be granted access permission to the Recovery
Catalog.
◆
4
<rman_password> is the password for the <rman_user>.
Create the RMAN Recovery Catalog tables as follows:
$ rman catalog <rman_user>/<rman_password>@<catdb>
RMAN> create catalog tablespace <cat_tbs>;
Setting Up NetBackup Policies for Oracle RMAN Backup
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5
Configure TNS services for the Recovery Catalog database by adding an entry in the
$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora file on the primary host and backup
host as follows:
<catdb > =
(description =
(address = (protocol = TCP) (host = <cat_host>) (port = 1521))
(connect_data = (server = dedicated) (service_name = <catdb>))
)
where <cat_host> is the host name of the host where the catalog is created.
6
Configure the Oracle listener for the Recovery Catalog database by adding an entry in the
$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/listener.ora file on the host where the Recover
Catalog is created as follows:
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = <catdb>)
(ORACLE_HOME = <oracle_home>)
(SID_NAME = <catdb>)
)
)
7
Log in as the Oracle owner user and register the database on the primary host.
$ rman target / catalog <rman_user>/<rman_password>@<catdb>
RMAN> register database;
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4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files
The following section provides instructions on creating Recovery Manager configuration files.
There are two types of configuration files for Recovery Manager:
■
Recovery Manager without Remote Copy support.
For this type of configuration, Recovery Manager provides an integrated Veritas NetBackup
and Oracle RMAN for backups and restorations.
■
Recovery Manager with Remote Copy.
For this type of configuration, Recovery Manager does not provide tools for media backups
and restorations.
You can choose to create the Recovery Manager configuration file by either using the
Command Line Interface (CLI), menu-driven application, or a Graphical User Interface (GUI).
NOTE: New features are no longer being added to the menu-driven application.
4.9.1 Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File without Remote Copy
The configuration file can be created in the following ways:
■
Menu-driven application
■
CLI
■
GUI
4.9.1.1 Creating Configuration Files using the Menu-Driven Application
or the Command Line Interface on the Backup Host
To create a Recovery Manager configuration file without Remote Copy support:
1
From the backup host, start Recovery Manager.
<backup host># opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_main
2
If you are using the CLI, from the backup host, issue /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/
vcdba_config, and then skip to step 4.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
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3
4
If you are using the menu-driven application, from the backup host:
a
Select option 1, Configuration Administration.
b
Select option 1, Create a backup Configuration.
When prompted, press ENTER.
◆
Enter ORACLE_SID of the database instance [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter ORACLE_SID of the database instance that you want to configure. If the database
is an RAC database, enter ORACLE_SID of any RAC instance.
◆
Enter hostname of the primary (database) server [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the host name of the corresponding database server where the specified database
instance is running.
◆
Select remote shell command [r=rsh,s=ssh,h=help,q=quit]?
This question is only for Solaris systems. SSH is the only connection method supported
by Recovery Manager for Linux systems. Recovery Manager requires that either RSH
(Solaris only) or SSH is configured to allow remote accesses between the backup host,
the primary host, the InServ Storage Server, and Veritas NetBackup server.
Enter r for RSH, or s for SSH.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME on the primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the ORACLE_HOME of the specified
database instance if it can be retrieved from the oratab file.
Press ENTER to accept default value or enter the ORACLE_HOME location of the specified
database instance.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME on the backup host [h=help,s=skip,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager assumes that the ORACLE_HOME on the backup host is the same as
the ORACLE_HOME on the primary host for the created clone database and RMAN
backup. If you don’t intend to startup the clone database using the virtual copy on the
backup host, you may skip it.
NOTE: RMAN backup requires the cloned database in mounted status. Therefore,
ORACLE_HOME must be installed on the backup host.
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Press ENTER to accept default value or enter the ORACLE_HOME location on the backup
host.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME of ASM instance on the primary server [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance
on the primary host if it can be retrieved from the oratab file.
Press ENTER to accept the default value or enter ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance on
the primary host.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME of ASM instance on the backup server [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager assumes that the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance on the backup
host is the same as the ORACLE_HOME on the primary host.
Press ENTER to accept the default value or enter ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance on
the backup host.
◆
Enter Oracle parameter file of the database instance [h=help,q=quit]?
The Oracle parameter file can be either a pfile or an spfile. Recovery Manager
recommends that an spfile is used, especially if the database is an RAC database.
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the Oracle parameter file if it can be
retrieved from the specified database itself.
Press ENTER to accept default value, or enter a correct value for the Oracle parameter
file.
◆
Enter Oracle password file of the database instance
[h=help,s=skip,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the Oracle password file of the specified
database instance. If the database does not have a password file, enter s or S to skip.
Press ENTER to accept the default value or enter the Oracle password file of the specified
database instance.
◆
Do you want to setup configuration for remote copy? [y,n,q]? (n)
Select n if this configuration is not for 3PAR Remote Copy.
◆
Enter InServ name [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
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Enter the system name of the InServ Storage Server that is connected to both the
primary and the backup hosts. The InServ Storage Server’s name can be retrieved from
the output of the showsys InForm CLI command.
◆
Enter InServ hostname (from showhost output) of the backup server
[h=help,q=quit]?
The hostname defined in the InServ Storage Server for the backup host can be retrieved
from the output of the 3PAR InForm CLI showhost command on the InServ Storage
Server.
The InServ Storage Server’s host name of the backup host may not be the same as the
DNS host name of the backup host.
◆
Enter InServ's user name for primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected SSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR InForm user must have been created on the
InServ Storage Server to allow access from the primary host to the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Enter 3PAR password file on primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected RSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR password file must have been created on the
primary host to allow access to the 3PAR InForm CLI from the primary host.
◆
Enter InServ's user name for the backup host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected SSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR InForm user must have been created on the
InServ Storage Server to allow access from the backup host to the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Enter 3PAR password file on backup host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected RSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR password file must have been created on the
backup host to allow access to the 3PAR InForm CLI from the backup host.
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◆
Enter maximum number of virtual copies allowed [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the maximum number of virtual copies that can be created for the specified
database. Once the maximum number of virtual copies for the database is reached,
Recovery Manager removes the oldest virtual copy before creating a new one.
The default maximum number is 500 read-only virtual copies for each volume.
◆
Select third-party backup tool [0=None,1=Veritas NBU,2=Oracle RMAN,h,q]?
Recovery Manager supports NBU (user-managed) backup and Oracle RMAN backup.
Enter 0 if you do not want to perform backup.
If you enter 0, stop here. No further information is required. If you enter either 1 or 2,
you will be prompted for the following information:
◆
Do you want to remove virtual copy after backup complete?
[y,n,q]?
Enter n if you do not want to remove the virtual copy after a backup is completed
successfully. Otherwise, enter y.
◆
Enter Oracle RMAN connection string [user/password@catdb,h,q]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Oracle RMAN as
the third-party backup tool.
Enter the Recovery Catalog connection string in user/passwd@catdb format, where
catdb is the service name of the Recovery Catalog, and user/passwd is the user name
and password to be used to connect to the Recovery Catalog.
◆
Enter Oracle RMAN channel type [d=DISK,s=SBT_TAPE,h,q]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Oracle RMAN
as the third-party backup tool.
Enter d if you want to backup to local disk, or s if you want to backup to tape through
Veritas NetBackup Media server.
◆
Enter number of channels to be allocated [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Oracle RMAN
as the third-party backup tool.
Enter the number of RMAN channels to be allocated for backup.
◆
Enter NetBackup master server name [h=help,q=quit]?
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Enter the DNS host name of the Veritas Netbackup master server.
◆
Enter NetBackup policy name for database backup [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager requires that an NBU backup policy must have been created for
database backup.
◆
Enter NetBackup full schedule name for database policy [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Veritas NBU
as the third-party backup tool.
Enter a schedule name for the policy that is used to perform full database backup.
◆
Enter NetBackup policy name for archivelog backup [h,q]?
A separate Veritas NetBackup policy must have been created for archive log back up if
you want to perform back up of archive logs only. Enter the archive log backup policy,
or press ENTER if you do not want to perform archive log back up.
◆
Enter NetBackup full schedule name for archivelog policy [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Veritas NBU
as the third-party backup tool.
Enter a schedule name of type full for the policy that is used to perform archive log
backup.
◆
Enter NetBackup incremental schedule name for archivelog policy
[h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected Veritas NBU as
the third-party backup tool.
Enter a schedule name of type differential/cumulative incremental for the policy that is
used to perform archive log backup.
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4.9.1.2 Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File using the GUI
on the Backup Host
To use the Recovery Manager GUI to create a Recovery Manager configuration file without
Remote Copy support:
1
Start the Recovery Manager GUI on the backup host.
a
Ensure the X11 server is running on the destination host where the GUI is displayed. If
the X11 server is not running, issue the following command:
<backup host># xhost +
b
Ensure the DISPLAY environment variable is set.
<backup host># echo $DISPLAY
c
Start the Recovery Manager GUI.
<backup host># /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdbagui
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
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2
From the navigation window, right-click either the Oracle Servers node or a host node,
and then select New Configuration as shown in the following figures.
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The Host and Database Properties screens appear.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
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3
Configure the host and database by entering the requested information on the
configuration screen and click Next.
The Modify Recovery Manager Configuration Properties screen appears.
4
The 3PAR InServ Properties screen appears.
5
Depending on the connection option you choose, perform one of the following:
◆
(For Solaris systems) If you selected the Remote Shell (RSH) option when configuring
the database, enter the requested information on the screen and click Next.
◆
If you selected the Secure Shell (SSH) option when configuring the database, enter
the requested information on the configuration screen and click Next.
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The Recovery Manager Policy screen appears.
6
Specify the maximum number of virtual copies allowed in the InServ Storage Server. You
can select to retain or remove the oldest virtual copy if the maximum number of virtual
copies is reached. Click Next.
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The Vendor Backup Product Properties screen appears.
7
4.38
Select the Vendor Backup Product from the menu.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
8
Enter the requested information under Related Parameters.
◆
The NetBackup policies must be pre-created.
◆
One policy is used for backing up the entire database. This may or may not include an
archive log destination, depending on the type of backup (online or offline), and
requires one full schedule.
◆
The other policy is used only for backing up the main archive log destination. This
requires both a full and differential schedule.
◆
If you do not want to delete the virtual copy after backing it up, deselect the Remove
virtual copy from InServ after NBU backup option.
9
Click Finish.
Recovery Manager verifies the following:
◆
Connections between the backup host and the primary host.
◆
Connections between the backup host and the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Connections between the primary host and the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Connections between the backup host and the NetBackup master server (if NetBackup is
selected).
If Recovery Manager successfully connects to the database, Recovery Manager retrieves the
database tablespaces, datafiles, the archive log destination, and the virtual volumes where
the database resides.
After verification is completed. Recovery Manager creates a virtual copy repository on the
backup host (/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>) and two
configuration files are generated along with one subdirectory for database files mapping
information.
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config_exp.sh
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/gui
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.9.2 Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File Using Remote Copy
Before creating the configuration files for Recovery Manager to use, you must do the
following:
■
Set up physical links between the local and remote InServ systems. Refer to the 3PAR
Remote Copy User’s Guide for instructions on setting up links.
■
Set up Remote Copy targets for the local and remote InServ systems.
■
Create one Remote Copy groups, assign all virtual volumes used by datafiles and archive log
destinations to the group.
CAUTION: If Veritas Volume Manager is being used when assigning 3PAR virtual
volumes to Remote Copy groups, all volumes in the same Veritas disk group
should be assigned to one Remote Copy group, whether they are actually being
used by the Oracle database or not. Otherwise, you might not be able to import
and mount file systems on the remote backup host. Therefore, it is strongly
suggested that Veritas disk groups only contain files used by one Oracle database.
■
Start Remote Copy and verify its setup.
4.9.2.1 Creating Configuration Files using the Menu Driven Application or
Command Line Interface on the Backup Host
To create the Recovery Manager configuration files:
1
From the backup host, start Recovery Manager.
<backup_host># /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_main
2
If you are using the CLI, from the backup host, issue /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/
vcdba_config, and then skip to step 4.
3
4.40
If you are using the menu-driven application, from the backup host:
a
Select option 1, Configuration Administration.
b
Select option 1, Create A Backup Configuration.
4
When prompted, press ENTER .
5
When prompted, answer the following questions:
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
◆
Enter ORACLE_SID of the database instance [h,q]?
Enter ORACLE_SID of the database instance that you want to configure. If the database
is an RAC database, enter ORACLE_SID of any RAC instance.
◆
Enter hostname of the primary (database) server [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the host name of the corresponding database server where the specified database
instance is running.
◆
Select remote shell command [r=rsh,s=ssh,h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager requires that either RSH (Solaris only) or SSH is configured to allow
remote accesses between the backup host, the primary host, the InServ Storage Server,
and the Veritas NetBackup server.
Enter r for RSH, or s for SSH.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME on the primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the ORACLE_HOME of the specified
database instance if it can be retrieved from the oratab file.
Press ENTER to accept default value, or enter ORACLE_HOME location of the specified
database instance.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME on the backup host [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager assumes that the ORACLE_HOME on the backup host is the same as
the ORACLE_HOME on the primary host
Press ENTER to accept default value, or enter the ORACLE_HOME location on the backup
host.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME of ASM instance on the primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance
on the primary host if it can be retrieved from the oratab file.
Press ENTER to accept the default value, or enter the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance
on the primary host.
◆
Enter ORACLE_HOME of ASM instance on the backup host [h,q]?
Recovery Manager assumes that the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance on the backup
host is the same as the ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance on the primary host.
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Press enter to accept the default value, or enter ORACLE_HOME of the ASM instance
on the backup host.
◆
Enter Oracle parameter file of the database instance [h,q]?
Oracle parameter file can be either a pfile or a spfile. Recovery Manager
recommends that spfile is used, especially if the database is an RAC database.
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the Oracle parameter file if it can be
retrieved from the specified database itself.
Press ENTER to accept default value or enter a correct value for the Oracle parameter file.
◆
Enter Oracle password file of the database instance
[h=help,s=skip,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager provides a default value for the Oracle password file of the specified
database instance.
Press ENTER to accept the default value or enter the Oracle password file of the specified
database instance. If no password is being used, press ‘s’ to skip it.
◆
Do you want to setup configuration for remote copy? [y,n,q]? (y)
Select y if this is this configuration is for Remote Copy.
◆
Enter Primary/Local InServ name [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the system name of the primary/local InServ Storage Server that is connected to
the primary host. The InServ Storage Server name can be retrieved from the output of
InForm CLI showsys command.
◆
Enter remote copy target name on primary/local InServ [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the Remote Copy target name defined on the primary/local InServ Storage Server.
◆
Enter remote copy group name for datafiles on primary/local InServ
[h=help,q=quit]?
Recovery Manager requires that one Remote Copy group must have been created on
the primary/local InServ Storage Server. The Remote Copy group must contain all virtual
volumes used by the data files.
◆
Enter remote copy group name for archive log on primary/local InServ
[h=help,q=quit]?
4.42
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Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
This question is for backwards compatibility. Provide the Remote Copy group name for
the archive log destinations if it is being used. Press ‘s’ to skip it if there is no such
group.
◆
Enter Secondary/Remote InServ name [h=help,q=quit]?
Enter the system name of the Secondary/Remote InServ Storage Server that is connected
to the backup host. The InServ Storage Server name can be retrieved from the output of
the InForm CLI showsys command.
◆
Enter remote copy target name on remote/secondary InServ [h=help,q=quit]
Enter the Remote Copy target name defined on the secondary/remote InServ Storage
Server.
◆
Enter InServ hostname (from showhost output) of the backup host
[h=help,q=quit]?
The InServ Storage Server’s hostname of the backup host can be retrieved from the
output of the InForm CLI showhost command on the secondary/remote InServ Storage
Server.
The InServ Storage Server’s hostname of the backup host may not be the same as the
DNS hostname of the backup host.
Press ENTER to accept the default value, otherwise, provide the correct hostname defined
in the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Enter Primary/Local InServ's user name [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected SSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR InForm user must have been created on the
primary/local InServ Storage Server to allow access from the primary host to the
primary/local InServ Storage Server.
◆
Enter 3PAR password file on primary host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected RSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR password file must have been created on the
primary host to allow access to the Primary/Local InServ Storage Server from the primary
host.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.43
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
◆
Enter Secondary/Remote InServ's user name [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected SSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR InForm user must have been created on the
Secondary/Remote InServ Storage Server to allow access from the backup host.
◆
Enter 3PAR password file on backup host [h=help,q=quit]?
You will only be prompted with this question if you previously selected RSH as the
remote shell.
Recovery Manager requires that a 3PAR password file must have been created on the
backup host to allow access to the Secondary/Remote InServ Storage Server from the
backup host.
4.9.2.2 Creating a Recovery Manager Configuration File using the GUI
on the Backup Host
To use the Recovery Manager GUI to create a Recovery Manager configuration file with
Remote Copy support, perform the following:
1
Start the Recovery Manager GUI on the backup host.
a
Ensure the X11 server is running on the destination host where the GUI is displayed. If
the X11 server is not running, enter the following command:
<backup_host># xhost +
b
Ensure the DISPLAY environment variable is set.
<backup_host># echo $DISPLAY
c
Start the Recovery Manager GUI.
<backup_host># /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdbagui
4.44
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
From the navigation window, right-click either the Oracle Servers node or the host node,
and then select New Configuration as shown in the following figures.
The Host and Database Properties screen appears.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.45
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3
Configure the host information and database related parameters by entering the
requested information on the Host and Database Properties screen.
4
a
Check the Remote Copy option.
b
Click Next.
Depending on the connection type you chose in step 3 on page 4.46, provide the following
information in the 3PAR InServ Properties screen that appears:
4.46
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
◆
For RSH connection (Solaris systems only), enter the following information and then
click Finish.
In the example above:
◆
InServ Name: name of the primary/local or secondary/remote InServ Storage
Server.
◆
InServ Password File: location of the storage server client password file.
◆
Target: the name of the target InServ Storage Server. On the primary/local and
secondary/remote systems, use the InForm CLI showrcopy targets command to
display the defined target names
◆
Data Group: the Remote Copy group name for the virtual volumes where the
datafiles are located. In a single Remote Copy configuration, datafiles and archive
log destinations virtual volumes are included in the same Remote Copy group.
◆
Archive Group: the Remote Copy group name of the virtual volumes where the
database archive logs are located. In a single Remote Copy configuration, datafiles
and archive log destinations virtual volumes are included in the same Remote Copy
group. This parameter can be left empty.
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.47
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
◆
Backup Host Name in InServ: the backup host hostname defined in the InServ
Storage Server. Use the InForm CLI showhost command to see a list of defined
hosts.
◆
For SSH connection, enter the requested information on the configuration screen and
click Finish.
In the example above:
◆
InServ Name: name of the primary/local or secondary/remote InServ Storage
Server.
◆
InServ SSH username: InServ Storage Server username (login).
◆
Target: the name of the target InServ Storage Server. On the primary/local and
secondary/remote systems, use the InForm CLI showrcopy targets command to
display the defined target names.
◆
Data Group: the Remote Copy group name for the virtual volumes where the
datafiles are located. In a single Remote Copy configuration, datafiles and archive
log destinations virtual volumes are included in the same Remote Copy group.
4.48
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
◆
Archive Group: the Remote Copy group name of the virtual volumes where the
database archive logs are located. In a single Remote Copy configuration, datafiles
and archive log destinations virtual volumes are included in the same Remote Copy
group.
◆
Backup Host Name in InServ: the backup host hostname defined in the InServ
storage system. Use the InForm CLI showhost command to see a list of defined
hosts.
The Verification screen appears.
Recovery Manager verifies the following:
◆
Connections between the backup host and the primary host.
◆
Connections between the backup host and the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Connections between the primary host and the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Database ID.
◆
Remote Copy configuration.
After the verification is complete, Recovery Manager creates a virtual copy repository on
the backup host (/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>) and
two configuration files are generated along with one subdirectory for the database files
mapping information.
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config_exp.sh
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/gui
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
4.49
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4.50
Recovery Manager Configuration Files
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5
Using Recovery Manager from
the Menu-Driven Application
In this chapter
5.1 Starting the Menu-Driven Application
5.2
5.2 Managing Virtual Copies
5.2
5.2.1 Displaying Virtual Copies
5.3
5.2.2 Creating a Virtual Copy
5.4
5.2.3 Removing a Virtual Copy
5.4
5.2.4 Mounting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.5 Unmounting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.6 Exporting a Virtual Copy
5.5
5.2.7 Removing a Virtual Copy’s Repository
5.6
5.2.8 Setting Virtual Copy Policy
5.6
5.3 Backing Up Virtual Copies
5.7
5.3.1 Performing Immediate Backups
5.7
5.3.2 Performing Automatic Backups
5.8
5.4 Performing Restores
5.5 Performing Periodic Remote Copy
5.9
5.10
Using Recovery Manager from the Menu-Driven Application
5.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Read this chapter for instructions on using Recovery Manager for Oracle from the menu-driven
application.
5.1 Starting the Menu-Driven Application
NOTE: New features will no longer be added into menu-driven applications.
To start the Recovery Manager menu-driven application:
<backup_host># /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_main
NOTE: Refer to 4.9.1.1 Creating Configuration Files using the Menu-Driven
Application or the Command Line Interface on the Backup Host on page 4.27 for
instructions on creating a configuration file using the menu-driven application.
5.2 Managing Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle provides tools to manage the virtual copies. The tools allow for
creating, displaying, removing, mounting and unmounting virtual copies.
To manage virtual copies from the menu-driven application:
1
On the 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle main menu, select option 2, Virtual
Copy Management.
2
Select a primary host and database configuration with which you wish to work.
The Virtual Copy Management menu screen appears.
5.2
Starting the Menu-Driven Application
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5.2.1 Displaying Virtual Copies
To display virtual copies:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 1, Display Virtual
Copy.
2
Select the virtual copy to display.
Possible values for the virtual copy type are:
◆
Online - virtual copy is created while the database is up and running, the virtual copy
contains datafiles and archive log files; it is a hot backup.
◆
Offline - virtual copy is created while the database is down. It is a cold backup.
◆
Datafile - virtual copy is created for data files only while the database is open.
◆
Archlog - virtual copy is created for archive log destination only.
Possible values for the virtual copy status are:
◆
Available - the virtual copy is available to be used.
◆
Removed - the virtual copy has been removed from the InServ Storage Server.
◆
Mounted - the virtual copy has been mounted on the backup host.
◆
Database - the virtual copy is currently used for the cloned database on the backup
host. The cloned database is up and running.
◆
Mounted(P) - the virtual copy has been partially mounted, there are some errors while
mounting the virtual copy. You need to either unmount it and remount it, or call 3PAR
support.
Possible values for the virtual copy backup status are:
◆
N - The virtual copy has not been backed up.
◆
Y (Full) - The virtual copy has been backed up as a full backup.
◆
Y (Incr) - The virtual copy has been backed up as a differential incremental backup.
◆
Y (Cinc) - The virtual copy has been backed up as a cumulative incremental backup.
Managing Virtual Copies
5.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5.2.2 Creating a Virtual Copy
NOTE: If Recovery Manager is configured to use RMAN backup, a Recovery
Catalog must have been created and configured prior to creating the virtual copy.
To create a virtual copy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select menu option 2, Create
Virtual Copy.
2
When prompted, choose to create a virtual copy for the database (d) or archive log
destination only(a).
3
If you choose to create a virtual copy for the database, enter o (online) or f (offline) to
create an online or offline virtual copy.
NOTE: If a virtual copy is created offline, the database must be shut down prior to
creating the virtual copy. If you try to create an offline virtual copy with the
database running, you will get an error.
5.2.3 Removing a Virtual Copy
To remove a virtual copy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 3, Remove Virtual
Copy.
2
On the Remove Virtual Copy menu, select the virtual copy to remove.
◆
The virtual copy removal utility only removes the actual virtual copy. It does not remove
the repository information for restoration purpose, in the case that the virtual copy is
not backed up, the repository will be removed as well.
◆
If the repository still remains and the virtual copy is backed up to media before being
removed, you can still restore to that point-in-time virtual copy from the backup image.
◆
5.4
The status of the virtual copy shows Removed after the virtual copy is removed.
Managing Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5.2.4 Mounting a Virtual Copy
To mount a virtual copy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 4, Mount Virtual
Copy.
2
Select the virtual copy to be mounted.
◆
Recovery Manager creates a read/write virtual copy from the read-only (original) virtual
copy and then mounts the read-write virtual copy. Any changes to the read-write virtual
copy will not affect the read-only virtual copy.
◆
The virtual copy is mounted at a default mount point, unless an alternate mount point
is specified.
◆
See section 2.6.4 The Virtual Copy Mount Utility on page 2.10 for instructions on
mounting ASM-based databases.
5.2.5 Unmounting a Virtual Copy
To unmount a virtual copy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 5, Unmount Virtual
Copy.
2
Select the virtual copy to unmount.
During unmounting, Recovery Manager removes the read/write virtual copy, as well as any
directories that were created during the Mount Virtual Copy operation.
See section 2.6.5 The Virtual Copy Unmount Utility on page 2.11 for instructions on
unmounting ASM-based databases.
5.2.6 Exporting a Virtual Copy
To export a virtual copy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 6, Export Virtual
Copy.
2
Select the virtual copy to be exported.
3
When prompted, answer the following questions:
a
Do you want to export Virtual Copy <name> [y,n,q]
Managing Virtual Copies
5.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Answer y (yes).
b
Enter alternate backup host
Provide the name of the host where the virtual copy is exported.
c
Enter InServ internal host name for alternate backup host?
Provide the 3PAR InServ Storage Server internal host name that represents the backup
host on the InServ Storage Server (the showhost command displays the list of hosts
defined on the storage server).
d
Enter full path of 3PAR InServ password file...
1) Provide the 3PAR password file location for the alternate backup host if the current
connection method between backup host and the server is using RSH.
2) Provide the InServ Storage Server’s user name if the current connection method
between backup host and the InServ Storage Server is using the SSH method.
5.2.7 Removing a Virtual Copy’s Repository
To remove a virtual copy repository:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 7, Remove Virtual
Copy Repository.
2
Select the virtual copy repository to remove.
NOTE: Only a virtual copy that has Removed status can be specified.
5.2.8 Setting Virtual Copy Policy
To set the virtual copy policy:
1
On the Virtual Copy Management menu screen, select option 8, Virtual Copy
Policy.
2
When prompted, enter the maximum number of virtual copies to be maintained at any
time. The maximum allowed virtual copy number is 500.
3
The application now asks you if you want to remove the oldest virtual copy when the
maximum number of virtual copies is reached. Enter y or n.
5.6
Managing Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4
Finally, you are asked if you want to save this new policy. Enter y, n, or q.
NOTE: If you do not wish to remove the oldest virtual copy while creating the
new virtual copy, and the InServ Storage Server contains the maximum number of
virtual copies allowed, the next virtual copy creation will fail.
5.3 Backing Up Virtual Copies
NOTE: Backup is not supported on Remote Copy configuration.
Read the following sections for information about backing up virtual copies using Recovery
Manager.
5.3.1 Performing Immediate Backups
To perform immediate backups using the menu-driven application:
1
On the 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle main menu, select option 3, Backup
Administration.
2
Select the database to be backed up.
3
When prompted to backup the existing virtual copy, enter y, n, or q?
If you answer n to backup the existing virtual copy, the program creates the new virtual
copy, and the next screen to appear allows you to select either Backup Database or
Backup Archive Log Destination.
Backing Up Virtual Copies
5.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle
Backup Administration: Perfom backup operation from backup host
1. Backup Database
2. Backup Archive Log Destination
?. Help For Current Menu
r. Return To The Previous Menu
x. Exit From Utility
Enter Selection ->
◆
Backup Database
Select this option to perform database backup. You are asked to confirm for a
configuration file, which you should have already created (see 4.9 Recovery Manager
Configuration Files on page 4.27).
◆
Backup Archive Logs Destination
Select this option to create a virtual copy of the archive log destination only. You are asked
for a configuration file, which you should have already created (see 4.9 Recovery Manager
Configuration Files on page 4.27).
5.3.2 Performing Automatic Backups
If you have created a NetBackup policy and a configuration file for a database instance,
NetBackup triggers a backup automatically.
NOTE: When you configure a NetBackup policy, to trigger automatic backups,
you must specify a backup window for each schedule in each policy.
NOTE: If an Egenera server is used as a backup host, Recovery Manager does not
support automatic backup.
5.8
Backing Up Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5.4 Performing Restores
You can automatically restore a backup of a database instance only if the backup was created
using NetBackup.
The backup operation actually occurs on the backup host. Restoring a backup image from the
backup host to the primary host is called alternate restore. NetBackup requires that a file name
of /usr/openv/netbackup/db/altnames/<database_hostname> exist on the
NetBackup master server.
For example, if you want to restore a backup image to a database server named pilot, create
an empty file named pilot in /usr/openv/netbackup/db/altnames on the NetBackup
master server.
5.4.1 Performing Restores
NOTE: Restore is not supported on Remote Copy configuration.
To perform a restore using the menu-driven application:
1
On the 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle main menu, select option 4, Restore
Administration.
2
3
Select a database to restore.
3PAR Virtual Copy then displays a list of virtual copies. Each virtual copy is represented by
virtual copy timestamp, actual backup timestamp, backup type, status and a flag to backup
to media. Choose a virtual copy to restore the database from its associated backup image.
4
Choose whether to restore the backup image that is associated with the selected virtual
copy to its original location, or to a common mount point on the primary or backup host.
Performing Restores
5.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
5.5 Performing Periodic Remote Copy
To perform periodic Remote Copy from the menu-driven application:
1
On the 3PAR Recovery Manager for Oracle main menu, select option 5, Remote
Copy Administration.
2
Select menu option 1, Periodic Synchronization.
3
Select a database to begin synchronization.
4
When prompted, select o (online) or f (offline).
The periodic synchronization is started. You cannot start a new periodic synchronization
until the current one finishes.
If you attempt another synchronization before the current operation completes, Recovery
Manager returns an error. Issue the showrcopy command either from the primary/local
InServ Storage Server, or from the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server to check the
synchronization status (see the InForm OS Command Line Interface Reference for more
information about the showrcopy command).
Synchronization completion time varies depending on data changes, IO, and network
traffic.
5.10
Performing Periodic Remote Copy
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
6
Using the Recovery
Manager Command Line
Interface
In this chapter
vcdba_backup
6.3
vcdba_checkconfig
6.7
vcdba_config
6.8
vcdba_create
6.12
vcdba_createdb
6.15
vcdba_display
6.18
vcdba_export
6.20
vcdba_main
6.22
vcdba_mount
6.24
vcdba_remove
6.27
vcdba_removedb
6.28
vcdba_rmrep
6.33
vcdba_restore
6.30
vcdba_rollback
6.35
Using the Recovery Manager Command Line Interface
6.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
vcdba_rsync
6.37
vcdba_umount
6.39
This chapter describes the Recovery Manager command line utilities.
NOTE: The command line utilities are located in /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin.
Listed below are commands that can be run from the command line.
6.2
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_backup
SYNTAX
vcdba_backup -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> [-t <timestamp>]
[-o full|incr|cinc] [-v]
or
vcdba_backup -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host>
[-o online|offline|datafile|archonly [,full|incr|cinc] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Recovery Manager integrates 3PAR Virtual Copy feature with Veritas NetBackup(NBU) and
Oracle RMAN to perform off-host backup. Off-host backup can dramatically reduce
performance impact on the database (primary) host as well as minimize database down time
or the time database in backup mode during backup.
The first form of vcdba_backup command initiates an immediate backup of an existing
database virtual copy. The virtual copy must have Available status (not mounted) in order to
be backed up. The vcdba_backup command mounts the virtual copy to the backup host
before initiating an immediate backup (off-host).
The second form of vcdba_backup command creates a new database virtual copy, mounts it
to the backup host before initiating an immediate backup (off-host).
Recovery Manager supports NBU (user-managed) backup and Oracle RMAN back-up methods,
which can be specified during the Recovery Manager configuration process. For the Oracle
RMAN backup method, you can select the SBT_TAPE or DISK option to backup to tape or disk,
respectively. Regardless of backup method, Recovery Manager supports full backup of an
Oracle database or archive log destination. However, incremental (differential or cumulative)
backup of the whole Oracle database is only available for Oracle RMAN backup method.
Incremental (differential or cumulative) backup of archive log destination is only available for
NBU (User-managed) backup method.
Backup is not supported on Remote Copy configuration.
The following are restrictions and automated scripts that are generated when configuring
Recovery Manager. The automated scripts will be executed while the vcdba_backup
command is running.
COMMAND
6.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
For NBU (user-managed) backup:
■
The Veritas NetBackup client must be installed on the backup host and primary host.
■
At least one NBU policy of standard type must be created and configured for database
backup. Optionally, a separate NBU policy of standard type can be created and configured
for archive log backup.
■
When vcdba_backup is executed, it generates an include list file, that contains a list of
datafiles and/or archive log destination on the mounted virtual copy and stores it in
/usr/openv/netbackup/include_list.<policy_name> on the NBU client (the
backup host).
For Oracle RMAN backup (to tape or disk):
■
To perform RMAN backup to tape, the Veritas NetBackup client must be installed on the
backup host and primary host. In addition, Veritas Netbackup for Oracle (Oracle Agent)
must be installed on the backup host, primary host, and the NBU master server.
■
To perform RMAN backup to tape, at least one NBU policy of Oracle type must be created
and configured for database backup. Optionally, a separate NBU policy of Oracle type can
be created and configured for archive log backup.
■
Regardless of tape or disk backup, an Oracle RMAN Recovery Catalog database must be
created and configured prior to running this command.
■
During a backup, vcdba_backup starts up a clone database in MOUNTED mode using the
mounted virtual copy on the backup host.
■
During a backup, vcdba_backup executes the RMAN backup script
vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh or vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh to backup the clone data
base.
■
The RMAN backup scripts (vcdba_rman_dbbackup.sh and
vcdba_rman_archbackup.sh) are generated at /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid> during the creation of the Recovery Manager
configuration file (see vcdba_config).
Depending on which backup method has been configured for the Recovery Manager, the
vcdba_backup command performs the following actions:
■
Creates a virtual copy (online, offline, or datafile) for the database or archive log
destination if a virtual copy is not specified.
■
6.4
COMMAND
Mounts the virtual copy on the backup host.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
For NBU (user-managed) backups, generates an include list file, that contains a list of
datafiles and/or archive log destination on the mounted virtual copy and stores it in /usr/
openv/netbackup/include_list.<policy_name> on the NBU client (the backup
host).
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on the backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR
Recovery Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance ID of the primary database. For Real Application Cluster
(RAC) databases, any instance ID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The host name of the primary host, on which the Oracle database
instance is running. The value of the primary host name must match the output of the
hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy to be backed up. The virtual copy
name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
■
-o online - Creates an online virtual copy of a database while it is OPEN (online) prior to
backup. This option is ignored if a virtual copy is specified. The offline, online,
datafile, and archonly options are mutually exclusive.
-o hotbkup - This option is the same as the -o online option. This option is deprecated
and will be removed at a later release.
■
-o offline - Creates an offline virtual copy of a database while it is CLOSED (offline)
prior to backup. This option is ignored if a virtual copy is specified. The offline, online,
datafile, and archonly options are mutually exclusive.
■
-o coldbkup - Same as the -o offline option. This option is deprecated and will be
removed at a later release.
COMMAND
6.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-o datafile - Creates an virtual copy for all datafiles (not including the archive log
destinations) of a database while it is OPEN (online) prior to backup. This option is ignored
if a virtual copy is specified. The online, offline, datafile, and archonly options are
mutually exclusive. A virtual copy created with the -o datafile option is only useful
when archive logfiles generated during the creation of the virtual copy are also available.
You may want to create separate virtual copies using the -o archonly options, or use
another backup method to backup archive log destinations.
■
-o archonly - Creates a virtual copy of the archive log destination prior to backup. This
option cannot be used if a virtual copy is specified. The offline, online, datafile, and
archonly options are mutually exclusive.
■
-o full - Performs a full backup of a virtual copy. If Veritas NetBackup is selected as the
backup method, this option can be used with the -o archonly option to perform full
backup of an archonly virtual copy. If Oracle RMAN is selected as the backup method, this
option can be used to perform full backup of an online or offline virtual copy.
■
-o incr - Performs an incremental backup of a virtual copy. If Veritas Netbackup is
selected as the backup method, this option can be used with the -o archonly option to
perform incremental backup of an archonly virtual copy. If Oracle RMAN is selected as the
backup method, this option can be used to perform an incremental backup of an online or
offline virtual copy.
■
-o cinc - Performs a cumulative incremental backup of a virtual copy. If Veritas
NetBackup is selected as the backup method, this option can be used with the -o
archonly option to perform a cumulative incremental backup of an archonly virtual copy.
If Oracle RMAN is selected as the backup method, this option can be used to perform a
cumulative incremental backup of an online or offline virtual copy.
■
6.6
COMMAND
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_checkconfig
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_checkconfig [-s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host>]
[-o all|skipdatabase|databaseonly] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_checkconfig command validates a Recovery Manager configuration file for a
specified database. A configuration file must have been created prior to using this command.
By default, all configured parameters in the specified configuration file will be validated. One
can select to validate only database parameters or non-database parameters.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on the backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR
Recovery Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding hostname of the primary (database) host where
the specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
■
-o all - Validates all parameters specified in the Recovery Manager configuration file.
-o skipdatabase - Validates all non-database parameters specified in the Recovery
Manager Configuration file.
■
-o databaseonly - Validates all database parameters specified in the Recovery Manager
Configuration file.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
COMMAND
6.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_config
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_config [-s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host>]
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_config command creates or modifies the 3PAR Recovery Manager configuration
file for a database. A configuration file for each database must be created prior to using any
database snapshot (virtual copy) utilities provided by 3PAR Recovery Manager. The
configuration file will be created at /etc/3par/solutions/
<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/config.
An equivalent environment file is also automatically created for each created configuration
file. It contains all configuration parameters specified in the configuration file. 3PAR Recovery
Manager uses the environment file instead. The environment file is also stored at the same
location as the configuration file.
vcdba_config is an interactive command. The command will prompt for necessary
information depending on a user’s selection. Generally, the command will prompt for the
following information:
■
ORACLE_SID - The Oracle database instance ID. For an RAC database, ORACLE_SID can be
an SID of any instance.
■
ORACLE_HOME - The location of Oracle Home on the database server of the specified
database instance.
■
ORACLE_HOME_BACKUP - The location of Oracle Home on the backup host.
■
ASM_ORACLE_HOME - The location of Oracle Home of the ASM instance on the primary
host. This parameter is only required if the specified database is using ASM.
■
ASM_ORACLE_HOME_BACKUP - The location of Oracle Home of the ASM instance on the
backup host. This parameter is only required if the specified database is using ASM.
6.8
■
ORACLE_OWNER - Oracle database owner of the specified database instance.
■
ORACLE_INIT - The Oracle database parameter file (pfile) or server parameter file
(spfile) of the specified database instance. 3PAR Recovery Manager recommends that
spfile should be used. For an RAC database, an spfile is required.
■
ORACLE_PWDFILE - The Oracle password file of the specified database instance, if any.
COMMAND
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
PRIMARYHOST - The hostname of the primary (database) server where the Oracle database
instance is running. The value of the primary host name must match the output of the
hostname command.
■
TPDHOST - The backup hostname defined in the InServ Storage Server. The hostname can
be obtained from the output of the showhost InForm CLI command, and may not be the
UNIX hostname of the backup host.
■
REMOTE_SHELL - The remote shell (SSH or RSH) to be used by 3PAR Recovery Manager to
remotely execute commands on the primary host, backup host, or InServ Storage Server.
The remote shell must be configured on the primary host, backup host, and InServ Storage
Server prior to running the vcdba_config command.
■
TPDSYSNAME_PRIMARY - The 3PAR InServ Storage Server node name, which is connected
to the primary host
■
TPDSYSNAME_BACKUP - The 3PAR InServ Storage Server node name, which is connected to
the backup host.
■
TPDUSERNAME_PRIMARY - The 3PAR InServ Storage Server CLI user name to be used to
connect to the InServ Storage Server node from the primary host. This parameter is
required if SSH is specified as remote shell.
■
TPDUSERNAME_BACKUP - 3PAR InServ Storage Server CLI user name to be used to connect
to the InServ Storage Server node from the backup host. This parameter is required if SSH is
specified as remote shell.
■
TPDPWFILE_PRIMARY - 3PAR InServ Storage Server CLI user password file to be used to
connect to the InServ Storage Server node from the primary host. This parameter is
required if RSH is specified as remote shell.
■
TPDPWFILE_BACKUP - 3PAR InServ Storage Server CLI user password file to be used to
connect to the InServ Storage Server node from the backup host. This parameter is required
if RSH is specified as remote shell.
■
VCDBA_MAXVC - The maximum number (500) of the database virtual copies allowed at any
time.
■
VCDBA_RM_OLDVC - The flag indicates if an oldest virtual copy should be removed before
creating a new virtual copy when the number of virtual copies exceeds the maximum
allowed.
■
LDATAGROUP - The name of the Remote Copy group, which contains Oracle datafile
volumes, on the primary (local) InServ Storage Server.
COMMAND
6.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
LARCHGROUP - The name of the Remote Copy group, which contains Oracle archive log
volumes, on the primary (local) InServ Storage Server. In a Remote Copy configuration,
Oracle datafile volumes and archive log volumes are in the same Remote Copy group.
Therefore, this parameter can be left empty.
■
LTARGET - The target group name on the primary (local) InServ Storage Server. Use the
InForm CLI showrcopy target command to get the target name.
■
RTARGET - The target group name on the secondary (remote) InServ Storage Server. Use
the InForm CLI showrcopy target command to get the target name.
■
BACKTOOL - The backup method to be used for backing up a database virtual copy
(snapshot). The two backup methods currently supported by 3PAR Recovery Manager are
NBU backup and RMAN backup. If the specified database is an ASM-managed database,
the only supported backup method is RMAN backup.
■
NBU_MASTER_SERVER - The Veritas NBU master server.
■
DBFILE_CLASS_NAME - The Veritas NBU class (policy) name for backing up database files.
■
ARCH_CLASS_NAME - The Veritas NBU class (policy) name for backing up archive logs.
■
DBFILE_SCHED_FULL - The Veritas NBU schedule name for backing up database files.
■
ARCH_SCHED_FULL - The Veritas NBU schedule name for backing up archive logs (full
backup).
■
ARCH_SCHED_FULL - The Veritas NBU schedule name for backing up archive logs
(incremental backup).
■
RMAN_CONN_STR - The RMAN connection string for connecting to the Oracle Recovery
Catalog from both the primary host and the backup host.
■
■
RMAN_CHANNEL_TYPE - The RMAN channel type is either SBT_TAPE or DISK.
RMAN_NO_CHANNEL - The number of RMAN channels to be allocated during backup and
restore.
■
RMAN_BACKUP_DEST - The backup destination to store RMAN backup image. This option is
only required if the specified RMAN channel type is DISK.
■
RMVC_AFTER_BACKUP - Specifies whether the virtual copy should be removed after a
successful backup.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
6.10
COMMAND
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Administrator user must exist on the backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR
Recovery Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding hostname of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running.
COMMAND
6.11
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_create
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_create -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host>
[-o online|offline|datafile|archonly] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Creates a virtual copy of a database instance.
The vcdba_create command can be used to create an online or offline virtual copy of an
Oracle database, a datafile only virtual copy, or an archive log virtual copy.
■
Online or offline virtual copy - A consistent point-in-time snapshot image of the database
while it is OPEN (online) or CLOSED (offline), respectively.
■
Datafile only virtual copy - A snapshot image of all datafiles, not include archive log
destinations, of the database while it is OPEN. A virtual copy create with the
-o datafile option is only useful when archive logfiles generated during the creation of
the virtual copy are also available. You may wish to create separate virtual copies using the
-o archonly option, or use another method to backup archive log destinations.
■
Archive log virtual copy - A snapshot image of the archive log destination only.
Once created, the virtual copy can be mounted on the backup host for off-host processing
purposes such as backup and database cloning.
A database virtual copy consists of multiple virtual copies of underlying 3PAR virtual volumes
used by the Oracle datafiles and/or archive log destination depending on which option is
specified (online, offline, datafile, or archonly). An archive log virtual copy can be used
in conjunction with online or offline virtual copies to simulate an incremental backup.
If Recovery Manager is configured to use Oracle RMAN for backup, an RMAN Recovery Catalog
must have been created and configured prior to running this command. The vcdba_create
command will initiate an RMAN catalog synchronization during the virtual copy creation
process.
To use the vcdba_create command, the Oracle database structure must satisfy the following
requirements:
■
The database must be running in archive log mode and automatic archival must be enabled
in order to create an online, datafile, or archive log virtual copy.
6.12
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
If archive log mode is enabled, the data files and archive logs must reside on separate 3PAR
virtual volumes.
■
The online redo logs and control files should not reside on the same 3PAR virtual volumes
used by the data files and archive logs to avoid being restored when using Recovery
Manager Rollback feature. However, the online redo logs and control files can share the
same 3PAR virtual volumes.
■
If the database files reside on Veritas VxVM volumes, the datafiles and archive logs must
reside on separate VxVM disk groups. The online redo logs and control files should reside
on separate VxVM volumes used by the datafiles and archive logs.
■
If the Oracle database is an ASM-managed database, the data files and archive logs must
reside on separate ASM disk groups. The online redo logs and control files should not
reside on the same ASM disk groups used by the datafiles and archive logs to avoid being
restored when using the Recovery Manager Rollback feature. In addition, ASM disk groups
should not be shared between different databases.
■
If the Oracle database is an RAC database, all RAC instances must share the same archive
log destinations (i.e., the same cluster file system or the same ASM disk groups).
■
If the database files are symbolic links pointing to actual files and the links do not reside on
the same file systems as the actual files, only the actual files are backed up. Otherwise, only
the first links and the actual files are backed up; intermediate links will not be backed up.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance ID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance ID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-o online - Creates an online virtual copy of an Oracle database while it is OPEN (online).
The specified Oracle database instance must be OPEN. If the database is an RAC database,
other database instances can be either OPEN or CLOSED. All tablespaces (or database) will
Command
6.13
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
be put into backup mode before virtual copies of the data file virtual volumes are created.
All tablespaces (or database) will then be taken out of backup mode. A log switching will
be performed before virtual copies of archive log virtual volumes are created. If the
online, offline, datafile, or archonly options are not specified, an online virtual
copy will be created by default.
■
-o hotbkup - This option is the same as the -o online option and is deprecated. This
option will be removed in a future release.
■
-o offline - Creates an offline virtual copy of an Oracle database while it is CLOSED
(offline). The specified database instances must be CLOSED. If the database is an RAC
database, all RAC instances must be CLOSED. For this option, only virtual copies of datafile
virtual volumes are created.
■
-o coldbkup - This option is the same as the -o offline option and is deprecated. This
option will be removed in a future release.
■
-o datafile - Creates a virtual copy for all datafiles of an Oracle database. The specified
Oracle database instance must be OPEN. If the database is an RAC database the other
database instances can be either OPEN or CLOSED. All tablespaces (or database) are put
into backup mode before virtual copies of the data file virtual volumes are created. All
tablespaces (or database) are then taken out of backup mode. A log switching is performed
before and after the virtual copy is taken.
■
-o archonly - Creates a virtual copy of archive log destination only. The specified
database instance must be OPEN. If the database is an RAC database, other RAC instances
can be either OPEN or CLOSED. A log switching is performed before virtual copies of
archive log virtual volumes are created.
■
6.14
Command
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_createdb
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_createdb -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp>
[-n <clone_sid>] [-h <clone_ora_home>]
[-o ascii|binary|for_backup[,recovery|norecovery]] [-d <loc>] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Creates a new database instance from a virtual copy.
The vcdba_createdb command creates a fully functional single-instance database or starts
up a clone database in MOUNTED mode for RMAN backup purposes. The fully functional
single-instance database can be used for any off-host processing purpose. The clone database
that is started in MOUNTED mode can only be used for RMAN backup.
The virtual copy used for cloning a database must be either an online or offline virtual copy
(created using the online or offline option), respectively. The virtual copy must have been
mounted prior to running this command.
You can create a clone database using an ascii or binary controlfile which was saved in the
Recovery Manager repository at the time the virtual copy was created. Using an ascii
controlfile is more flexible as it allows to change database instance name as well as the
structure of the database.
When using an ascii controlfile, the structure of the clone database is not required to be
exactly the same as the structure of the primary (original) database. Therefore the virtual copy
can be mounted at any mount point. However, since the virtual copy does not contains online
redo logs and control files, their locations can be specified using -d option (can be one or more
directories or ASM diskgroups, depends on desired multiplexing). If the locations of the
redologs and controlfiles are not specified, they are created at the repository location for the
virtual copy (/etc/3par/solutions/<host>.ora.<sid>/<vc_name>).
When using a binary controlfile. The structure of the clone database must be exactly the same
as the structure of the primary database. Therefore, the virtual copy must be mounted at '/' if
the datafiles and archive logs are on file systems. Also, since the virtual copy does not contain
redologs and archivelogs, the same directory structure or same ASM diskgroups for redologs
and controlfiles must be pre-created on the backup host.
Command
6.15
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
When creating a clone database for backup (RMAN) purposes, the database is started in
MOUNTED mode using the binary controlfile from the repository without recovering the
database. This can be achieved by using -o for_backup or -o binary,norecovery option.
A clone database can be created with or without automatic recovery (applying archivelogs
from the virtual copy) using –o recovery or -o norecovery option, if recovery is chosen, the
clone database is open with reset log, otherwise, the clone database is in mounted status.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on the backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR
Recovery Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy. It is also the name of the virtual copy.
The virtual copy name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
-n <clone_sid> - The new Oracle SID for the clone database. If this option is omitted or
is used with the -o for_backup option, the clone database will have the same
ORACLE_SID as the primary database. If creating a clone database with the -o binary
option, the new Oracle SID will be ignored.
■
-h <clone_oracle_home> - The Oracle home directory on the backup host. If specified,
this value will be used instead of the value of the parameter ORACLE_HOME_BACKUP in the
configuration file.
■
-d <loc> - A comma-separated list of directories or ASM diskgroups (for multiplexing) to
store the new online redologs and controlfiles of the clone database. The directories or
ASM diskgroups must have enough available space to hold new online redo logs and
controlfiles. Users who run this command must have write permission to this directory or
directories. The number of multiplex redo log locations must be equal to or less than the
primary database when creating a clone database. Otherwise, the extra redo log multiplex
location will be ignored.
6.16
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-o ascii - Use an ascii controlfile which was saved in the Recovery Manager repository to
create a clone database.
■
-o binary - Use a binary controlfile which was saved in the Recovery Manager repository
to create a clone database.
■
-o for_backup - Use an binary controlfile which was saved in the Recovery Manager
repository to create a clone database. The clone database is started in MOUNTED mode
without recovery for backup (RMAN) purpose. This option is equivalent to
-o binary,recovery. This option is deprecated and will be removed in the future release.
■
-o recovery - Automatically recover the clone database using all available archivelogs
that exist on the virtual copy.
■
-o norecovery - Startup the clone database in mounted mode without recovery.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Command
6.17
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_display
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_display -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> [-t <timestamp>]
DESCRIPTION
Displays virtual copies.
The vcdba_display command displays database virtual copies, along with other information
including creation time, type, status and backup status.
A virtual copy's type can be either Online, Offline, Datafile, or Archlog.
■
Online or Offline virtual copy - Indicates that the virtual copy was created for the
database while it was OPEN (online) or CLOSED (offline), respectively.
■
Datafile virtual copy - Indicates that the virtual copy was created for data files only while
the database is open.
■
Archlog virtual copy- Indicates that the virtual copy was created for the archive log
destination only.
A virtual copy's status can be Available, Removed, Mounted, Mounted(P), or Database.
Available status indicates that the virtual copy exists and is not currently mounted or cloned.
Removed status indicates that the virtual copy is removed. Mounted status indicates that the
virtual copy is currently mounted. Mounted(P) status indicates that the virtual copy is partially
mounted. Finally, the Database status indicates that a database has been cloned using the
virtual copy.
A virtual copy's backup status can be either Y or N, where Y indicates that the virtual copy has
been backed up, and N indicates that the virtual copy has not been backed up.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
6.18
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy. It is also the name of the virtual copy.
The default behavior is to display all virtual copies.
EXAMPLES
■
vcdba_display -s TEST920 -p pilot.
# Name
Create Time
Type
Status
Backup?
============ ======================== ======= ========= ========
1. 012403154751 Fri Jan 24 15:47:51 2003 Offline Available
N
2. 012403154650 Fri Jan 24 15:46:50 2003 ArchLog Available
N
3. 012403153912 Fri Jan 24 15:39:12 2003 Online
Available
N
4. 012303174743 Thu Jan 23 17:47:43 2003 Datafile Available
N
5. 012303171935 Thu Jan 23 17:19:35 2003 ArchLog Available
N
■
vcdba_display -s TEST920 -p pilot -t 012405154751
# Name
Create Time
Type
Status
Backup?
============ ======================== ====== ========= ========
1. 012403153912 Fri Jan 24 15:39:12 2003 Online Available
N
Virtual Copy's Content:
/demo/data/system01.dbf
/demo/data/tools01.dbf
/demo/data/rbs01.dbf
/demo/data/temp_df.dbf
/demo/data/users01.dbf
/demo/data/users02.dbf
/demo/arch
Command
6.19
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_export
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_export -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -r alt_host
-t <timestamp> [-l <alt_tpdhost>] -e alt_tpdpwfile|alt_tpdusername [-v]
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_export command exports a virtual copy's repository from the current backup host
to an alternate backup host. The exported virtual copy can then be mounted or cloned at the
alternate backup host. A virtual copy's repository can be exported to multiple alternate backup
hosts, which share the same InServ Storage Server as the original backup host. A virtual copy
can only be mounted on one backup host at a time.
The first time a virtual copy repository is exported to an alternate backup host, the
vcdba_export command also copies the Recovery Manager configuration file from the
current backup host to the alternate backup host.
The vcdba_export command also modifies configuration parameters according to the values
specified in the arguments for alt_tpdhost, alt_tpdpwfile, and alt_tpdusername.
If the vcdba_export command is invoked by an Oracle DBA, an identical Oracle user ID and
group ID must exist on the alternate backup host.
If SSH is currently configured for accessing from the current backup host to the primary host
and the InServ Storage Server, then SSH must also be configured to allow accessing from the
current backup host to the alternate backup host as well as from the alternate backup host to
the InServ Storage Server. SSH is the only supported remote access method on Linux systems by
3PAR Recovery Manager.
If RSH and CLI are configured to access from the current backup host to the primary host and
the InServ Storage Server, then RSH and CLI must also be configured to allow access from the
current backup host to the alternate backup host, as well as from the alternate backup host to
the InServ Storage Server.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator to run this command, an identical Oracle Database Administrator user
must exist on alternate backup host. In addition, permission on the /opt/3par/vcdbaora
directory must be changed appropriately.
6.20
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance ID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy. It is also the name of the virtual copy.
The virtual copy name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
-r <alt_host> - The alternate backup host name.
■
-l <alt_tpd_hostname> - The TPD hostname is the hostname defined on the InServ
Storage Server, which represents the alternate backup host. The showhost command lists
all available TPD host names.
■
-e alt_tpdpwfile|alt_tpdusername
◆
alt_tpdpwfile - The location of the 3PAR InServ Storage Server client password file
that will be used by Recovery Manager to access the InServ Storage Server from the
alternate backup host. The password file can be created using InForm CLI
setpassword command.
◆
alt_tpdusername - The 3PAR InServ Storage Server username that will be used by
Recovery Manager to connect to the InServ Storage Server from the alternate backup
host. The InServ Storage Server user can be created using the InForm CLI createuser
command. The created user must have edit or above privilege.
◆
If the InForm CLI is configured to allow access from the alternate backup host to the
InServ Storage Server, then alt_tpdpwfile must be specified. If SSH is configured to
allow access from the alternate backup host to the InServ Storage Server, then
alt_tpdusername must be specified.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Command
6.21
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_main
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_main
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_main command provides a menu-driven interface to perform 3PAR Virtual Copy
administration for off-host backup and off-host processing.
Each menu contains the necessary steps to guide you through the process to perform the
corresponding task. Each step may require user's interaction.
■
Each menu page contains a standard menu selection.
? - Provide help page for the current working menu
r - Return to the previous
x - Exit from the program
■
The main menu provides following selection:
1 - Configuration Administration
Use this menu to setup a configuration file per database instance.
- Create A Backup Configuration
- List All Backup Configuration
- Update A Backup Configuration
- Remove A Backup Configuration
2 - Virtual Copy Management
Use this menu to perform all actions of a virtual copy. To display/create/remove/mount/
unmount virtual copy, use the remove virtual copy repository menu selection to remove a
virtual copy permanently, as well as setting up the policy of the virtual copy.
- Display Virtual Copy
- Create Virtual Copy
- Remove Virtual Copy
6.22
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
- Mount Virtual Copy
- Unmount Virtual Copy
- Export Virtual Copy
- Remove Virtual Copy Repository
Each virtual copy created by Recovery Manager will keep information in the repository
to allow restore from tape or disk successfully even the associate virtual copy has been
removed. Once the virtual copy is no longer needed, use this selection to free up
repository space.
- Virtual Copy Policy
Allow the maximum number of virtual copy setting per database instance. Remove or
retain the oldest virtual copy when the maximum number is reached.
3 - Backup Administration
Use this menu to backup the existing virtual copy to tape or disk, or perform Virtual Copy
creation for off-host backup or off-host processing.
- Backup Database
- Backup Archive Logs
4 - Restore Administration
Use this menu to perform restore from a virtual copy backup image. You can use this menu
only if virtual copies are backed up by Veritas NetBackup using the 3PAR Backup
Administration menu.
5 - Remote Copy Administration
Use this menu to perform periodic synchronization for virtual volumes used by a database.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
Command
6.23
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_mount
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_mount -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp>
[-m <mountpoin>t] [-r] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Mounts a virtual copy.
The vcdba_mount command mounts an existing virtual copy created by the vcdba_create
command on the backup host. The mounted virtual copy can be used for off-host processing
purposes such as backup or database cloning.
The following restrictions apply when mounting a database virtual copy:
■
The virtual copy must have an Available or Mounted(P) status in order to be mounted.
The virtual copy's status can be retrieved using the Recovery Manager display utility.
■
The same virtual copy cannot be mounted concurrently at different mount points.
■
If the database files reside on Veritas VxVM Volumes, only one virtual copy per database
can be mounted at any time on the backup host. This is due to the VxVM disk groups from
different virtual copies of the same database having the same names and so cannot be
imported at the same time.
■
If the database files reside on ASM disk groups, it is dependent on which ASM database
version is installed on the backup host, different restrictions apply as follows:
◆
If the ASM versoin on the backup host is 10.2.0.5 or 11.1.0.7, one virtual copy per
database can be mounted on the backup host. Virtual copies from different databases
can be mounted concurrently.
◆
If the ASM vesrion on the backup host is running versions lower than the releases
mentioned in the previous bullet, only one virtual copy can be mounted at any time on
the backup host. This restriction prevents an Oracle ASM instance on the backup host
from hanging due to some ASM's idle processes still holding a virtual copy's devices,
even though the corresponding ASM disk groups are dropped.
■
If the database files reside on OCFS2 file systems, only one virtual copy per database can be
mounted at any time on the backup host.
6.24
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Mounting a database virtual copy involves the following actions:
■
Creates a read-write virtual copy the original read-only virtual copy.
■
Imports the read-write virtual copy to the backup host.
■
Imports snapshot VERTIAS VxVM disk groups and starts up all corresponding snapshot
VxVM volumes if the database files reside on VxVM volumes.
■
For virtual copies from an ASM-managed database, based on the different ASM database
releases on the backup host, the operation is different.
◆
For ASM versions 10.2.0.5 or 11.0.1.7, if an ASM instance exists and is up on the backup
host, then all diskgroups from the virtual copy are mounted in this ASM instance.
Otherwise, an ASM instance is started up on the backup host, and all ASM disk groups in
the virtual copy are mounted.
◆
For ASM versions lower than the releases mentioned in the previous bullet, if an ASM
instance is up on the backup host, the mount utility checks if there is any mounted
diskgroup. If none, the ASM instance is shut down, otherwise, the mount utility gives an
error and exits. After that, a new ASM instance is started up and all diskgroups
contained in the current virtual copy are mounted.
■
Mounts all snapshot file systems if the database files reside on file systems.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy. It is also the name of the virtual copy.
The virtual copy name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
Command
6.25
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-m <mountpoint> - The destination location where the virtual copy is mounted. The
current user must have permission to write to this location. By default, the virtual copy will
be mounted at /etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/
<timestamp>. If ASM is used on the backup host, this option will be ingnored.
■
-r - Re-mounts a virtual copy that has previously been mounted, but has been un-mounted
due to system reboot. This option is also helpful where a virtual copy has previously been
partially mounted, but the virtual copy devices must be scanned manually if the host HBA is
Egenera.
■
6.26
Command
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_remove
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_remove -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp> [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Removes a virtual copy.
The vcdba_remove command removes a virtual copy created by the vcdba_create
command. The virtual copy must have Available status in order to be removed. The status of
the virtual copy can be retrieved using the vcdba_display command.
If the specified virtual copy has been backed up, the actual database virtual copy is removed,
but its repository remains for database restoration purposes. To remove the virtual copy's
repository, use the vcdba_rmrep command. If the virtual copy's repository is removed,
Recovery Manager will not be able to perform a database restore operation even if the virtual
copy has been backed up.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy. It is also the name of the virtual copy.
The virtual copy name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Command
6.27
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_removedb
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_removedb -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp>
[-n <clone_sid>] [-h <clone_oracle_home>] [-f] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_removedb command removes a clone database that was created using the
vcdba_createdb command.
The clone database is shutdown with the shutdown immediate option. All files (Oracle
parameter file, control files, and redo logs), previously created with the vcdba_createdb
command are removed. The virtual copy remains mounted.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy that was previously used to create the
clone database.
■
-n <clone_sid> - The instance ID of the cloned database to be removed. If the clone
database uses the same <oracle_sid> as the primary <oracle_sid>, this option can be
omitted.
6.28
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-h <clone_oracle_home> - The Oracle home directory of the cloned database on the
backup host. If specified, this value is used instead of the value of the
ORACLE_HOME_BACKUP parameter in the configuration file.
■
-f - Forces the removal of the clone database.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Command
6.29
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_restore
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_restore -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> [-t <timestamp>]
[-T <tablespaces>|-D <datafiles>] [-h hostname] [-m alt_mountpoint]
[-c] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Restores database files from a virtual copy backup image.
The vcdba_restore command restores databases, tablespaces, data files, and/or archive logs
from a virtual copy backup image. The virtual copy must have a status of Y in order to be
restored. The virtual copy’s backup status can be retrieved using the vcdba_display
command.
The command can also be used to restore a virtual copy’s backup image to an alternate backup
host. For NBU (user-managed) restoration, the command can also be used to restore an
alternate location. Oracle RMAN always restores to the primary host.
If a virtual copy’s name is not specified, the vcdba_restore command restores from the most
recent full back up.
Restore is not supported on Remote Copy Configuration.
Restore is not supported on Remote Copy configuration.
The following restrictions apply when restoring from a virtual copy’s backup image:
■
When restoring the database control file (using the -c option) using Oracle RMAN, the
database must be in STARTED mode (startup nomount). In addition, restoring the
database control file along with an individual data file or tablespace is not supported, as it
is not possible to perform media recovery.
■
When restoring a database, the database must be in CLOSED or MOUNTED mode for NBU
restore or Oracle RMAN restore, respectively. For an RAC database, all RAC instances must
be in CLOSED or MOUNTED mode, respectively.
■
When restoring individual tablespaces or datafiles, the database can be OPEN, but the
corresponding tablespaces must be offline.
■
6.30
Command
Restoring controlfiles along with datafiles and/or tablespaces is not allowed.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
If the database is an ASM managed database, all ASM disk groups must be mounted prior
to running this command.
■
For NBU (user-managed) restore, a file named /usr/openv/netbackup/db/altnames/
<database_hostname> must be created on the NBU master server in order to perform
restoration to a host (including the primary host) that differs from the backup host.
<database_hostname> is the host name of the database server to restore.
Depending on the type of the virtual copy backup image (online, offline, datafile, or archonly),
corresponding database files are restored appropriately.
For NBU (user-managed) restore:
■
Control files are not restored by default.
■
For an online virtual copy, both data files and archive logs are restored unless individual
tablespaces or data files are specified. In this case, only the corresponding data files are
restored.
■
For an offline virtual copy, only data files are restored.
■
For a datafile only virtual copy, only data files are restored.
■
For an archive log virtual copy, only archive logs are restored.
For Oracle RMAN restore:
■
Control files are not restored by default.
■
For an online virtual copy, only data files are restored. Archive logs are not restored to
minimize restoration time. Oracle RMAN can restore necessary archive logs during recovery
(refer to Oracle documentation for details on how to use Oracle RMAN for recovery).
■
For an offline virtual copy, only data files are restored.
■
For a datafile-only virtual copy, only data files are restored.
■
For an archive log virtual copy, archive log restoration is not supported as Oracle RMAN can
restore necessary archive logs during recovery (refer to Oracle documentation for details on
how to use Oracle RMAN for recovery).
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
Command
6.31
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Only the super user or the owner of the virtual copy can restore the specified virtual copy.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy whose backup image is used for
restoration. Use the vcdba_display command to retrieve a list of the virtual copy names.
If a name is not specified, the most recent virtual copy’s backup (full) image is used for the
restoration.
■
-T <tablespaces> - The tablespace(s) that need to be restored. Use commas to separate
multiple tablespace names.
■
-D <datafiles> - The datafile(s) that need to be restored. Use commas to separate
multiple datafiles.
■
-h <hostname> - The host name to restore to. If this option is omitted, the virtual copy’s
backup image is restored to the primary host by default.
■
-m <mountpoint> - The mount point to restore to. If this option is omitted, the virtual
copy's backup image is restored to its original location by default.
■
-c - Indicates that the control files are restored. If this option is omitted, the control files
are not restored by default. Restoring controlfiles along with datafiles and/or tablespaces is
not supported.
■
6.32
Command
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_rmrep
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_rmrep -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> [-t <timestamp>]
[-f] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Removes a virtual copy repository.
The vcdba_rmrep command removes a virtual copy repository, specified by the
<timestamp> parameter. If the <timestamp> is not specified, the entire database repository
will be removed.
If removing a virtual copy repository, the virtual copy's status must be Removed and its backup
status must be N. If the virtual copy’s status is Y, the -f option can be used to force the
removal of the repository. The virtual copy's status and backup status can be obtained using
the vcdba_display command.
If removing a database repository, all of the existing virtual copies and their repositories must
be removed first.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy whose repository is to be removed.
The virtual copy name can be obtained using vcdba_display command. If the
<timestamp> is not specified, the entire repository will be removed.
Command
6.33
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-f - Forces the removal of the virtual copy repository even if the virtual copy has been
previously backed up.
■
6.34
Command
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display a useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_rollback
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_rollback -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp>
[-o data|arch] [-v] [-w] [-f]
DESCRIPTION
Rolls back database volumes from an online virtual copy.
The vcdba_rollback command promotes a virtual copy’s volumes back to their base virtual
volumes. The base virtual volumes used by the database are rolled back to the virtual copy’s
volumes. Once the promote (rollback) process completes successfully, the base virtual volumes
will be exactly the same as the virtual copy’s volumes. If the base volume size has been changed
since the virtual copy was taken, the rollback process will not affect the new size.
When rolling back from an online virtual copy, both datafile and archive log virtual volumes
are rolled back by default. Use the -o option to roll back only datafile virtual volumes or only
archive log virtual volumes.
When rolling back from an offline virtual copy, only datafile virtual volumes are rolled back.
When rolling back from an archive log virtual copy, only archive log virtual volumes are rolled
back.
The following restrictions apply when rolling back a virtual copy:
■
The online redo logs and control file should not reside on the same virtual volumes used by
the datafiles and archive logs. Otherwise, they will be rolled back along with the datafile
and archive log virtual volumes.
■
The database instance must be CLOSED for this operation. If the database is an RAC
database, all RAC instances must be CLOSED.
■
The base (data file and/or archive log) virtual volumes must not be exported.
■
The specified virtual copy must have an Available (not mounted) status.
■
If the base virtual volumes are involved in a Remote Copy group you must use -f to
promote the virtual copies back to their base volumes.
Command
6.35
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Recovery Manager saves an ACII control file and a binary control file for each created virtual
copy in its repository. After a rollback, you may need to restore the control file in order to
perform database recovery.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on the backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR
Recovery Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy form which to promote. The virtual
copy name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
-o [data|arch]
◆
data - Promotes only the virtual copy’s datafile volumes back to their base virtual
volumes.
◆
arch - Promotes only the virtual copy’s archive log volumes back to their base virtual
volumes.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
■
-w - Promotes the read-write virtual copy instead of the read-only virtual copy back to its
base. The default is to promote the read-only virtual copy.
■
- f - Forces the promote operation to proceed even if the parent base volumes are
currently in a Remote Copy group, as long as the Remote Copy group has not been started.
If started, the promote will fail.
6.36
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_rsync
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_rsync -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host>
[-o online|offline|checkonly] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
The vcdba_rsync command performs a periodic synchronization for database virtual
volumes. During synchronization, changed data from the virtual volumes on the primary/local
InServ Storage Server is pushed over to the corresponding remote virtual volumes on the
secondary/remote InServ Storage Server.
Once the synchronization process completes, the vcdba_rsync command automatically
creates virtual copies of the corresponding virtual volumes on the secondary/remote InServ
Storage Server and presents itself to the user as one database virtual copy.
The vcdba_rsync command can be used to perform periodic synchronization for datafile and
archive log virtual volumes, or datafile virtual volumes.
In the previous release, 3PAR Recovery Manager required that two Remote Copy groups had to
be created. One contained all data file volumes and one contained archive log volumes. In the
current release, 3PAR also supports one Remote Copy group, which contains both datafile
volumes and archive log volumes.
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-o online - Performs periodic synchronization for datafile and archive log virtual volumes
while the database is OPEN.
■
-o hotbkup - This option is the same as the -o online and is deprecated. This option
will be removed in a future release.
Command
6.37
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
-o offline- Performs periodic synchronization for datafile virtual volumes while the
database is CLOSED.
■
-o coldbkup - This option is the same as the -o offline and is deprecated. This
option will be removed in a future release.
6.38
■
-o checkonly - Verifies the Remote Copy configuration.
■
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Command
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
COMMAND
vcdba_umount
SYNOPSIS
vcdba_umount -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp>
[-f ] [-v]
DESCRIPTION
Unmounts a virtual copy.
The vcdba_umount command unmounts a mounted database virtual copy. The virtual copy
must have Mounted or Mounted(P) status in order to be unmounted. The virtual copy
unmounting process only removes the read-write virtual copy; the read-only virtual copy
remains intact.
Unmounting a database virtual copy involves the following actions:
■
For an ASM-managed database, if the ASM version on the backup host is 10.2.0.5 or
11.1.0.7, unmounting the virtual copy drops the ASM diskgroups that are contained in the
virtual copy and cleans up the ASM disks.
■
If the ASM version on the backup is lower than those listed in the previous bullet,
unmounting shuts down the ASM instance and cleans up ASM disks.
■
Unmounts all snapshot file systems if the database files reside on file systems.
■
Destroys all snapshot VxVM disk groups and their VxVM volumes if the database files reside
on VxVM volumes.
■
Deports the read-write virtual copy from the backup host.
■
Removes the read-write virtual copy.
You must run this command as a super user from the backup host. To allow the Oracle
Database Administrator (Oracle Owner) to run this command, an identical Oracle Database
Administrator user must exist on backup host. In addition, permission on the 3PAR Recovery
Manager Installation and Repository directories must be changed appropriately.
Command
6.39
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
OPTIONS
The following options are supported:
■
-s <oracle_sid> - The instance SID of the primary database. For an RAC database, any
instance SID can be specified.
■
-p <primary_host> - The corresponding host name of the primary host where the
specified Oracle database instance is running. The value of the primary host name must
match the output of the hostname command.
■
-t <timestamp> - The timestamp of a virtual copy to be unmounted. The virtual copy
name can be obtained using the vcdba_display command.
■
-f - Forcibly unmounts a database virtual copy. Without this option, the vcdba_umount
command does not allow a virtual copy to be unmounted if it is being used. Using this
option can corrupt the corresponding read-write virtual copy. However, the read-only
virtual copy remains intact. This option is useful in cases where the virtual copy is partially
mounted due to mounting failure.
■
6.40
Command
-v - Runs the command in verbose mode to display useful messages.
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7
Using the Recovery
Manager Graphical User
Interface
In this chapter
7.1 Starting and Stopping the Recovery Manager GUI
7.1.1 Starting the GUI
7.2
7.2
7.2 Stopping the GUI
7.2
7.3 Creating Configuration Files
7.3
7.4 Modifying Configuration Files
7.3
7.5 Removing Configuration Files
7.3
7.6 Using Virtual Copies
7.4
7.7 Periodic Database Synchronization
7.10
Using the Recovery Manager Graphical User Interface
7.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.1 Starting and Stopping the Recovery Manager GUI
The 3PAR Recovery Manager Graphical User Interface (GUI) is installed when the VCDBAora
package is installed.
7.1.1 Starting the GUI
To start the Recovery Manager GUI:
1
Ensure that the DISPLAY environment variable is set.
2
Verify that the X11 server is running on the destination host where the GUI is displayed. If
the X11 server is not running, enter the following command:
For Solaris:
/usr/openwin/bin/xhost +
For Linux:
/usr/X11R6/bin/xhost +
3
Type the following command in an open terminal:
/opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdbagui
4
Press ENTER.
NOTE: It is a known issue that the mouse events are not captured correctly on the
cywin x-server for Java6.
7.2 Stopping the GUI
X
7.2
To stop the Recovery Manager GUI, click Console and then Exit.
Starting and Stopping the Recovery Manager GUI
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.3 Creating Configuration Files
3PAR Recovery Manager relies on configuration files for most of its operations. There are two
types of configuration files, Recovery Manager with Remote Copy and Recovery Manager
without Remote Copy. The Recovery Manager repository is located in the
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid> directory on the backup
host.
Refer to 4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files on page 4.27 for additional details on
creating configuration files with or without the Remote Copy feature.
NOTE: The configuration file cannot be recreated if it already exists in the
repository. You can modify the configuration as needed, or remove the
configuration before a new one can be created.
7.4 Modifying Configuration Files
Configuration files can only be modified from the host node level. Modifications are made in
the config and config_exp.sh files in the repository.
7.5 Removing Configuration Files
Configuration files can be removed if there are no virtual copies existing in the repository.
When configuration files are removed, the entire repository is also removed.
Creating Configuration Files
7.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6 Using Virtual Copies
7.6.1 Creating a Virtual Copy
This feature supports hot (online) and cold (offline) backup of a database instance or backup
of archive log destinations only.
Creating a virtual copy requires the primary host Oracle SID. Perform this function through the
menu, tool bar, and popup menu.
To create a virtual copy, perform the following procedure:
1
Select Virtual Copy Management from the navigation view.
2
Select Create Virtual Copy from the Virtual Copies pull-down menu.
3
Select the desired options (online backup, offline backup, backup datafile only, or backup
archive log dest only) from the dialog box.
◆
Online (Hot) backup - The involved database instance must be up for this operation.
All tablespaces are put in backup mode before the virtual copy is created. After the
virtual copy creation is completed, tablespaces are taken out of backup mode.
◆
Offline (Cold) backup - The involved database instance must be down for this
operation.
◆
Backup datafile only - The involved database instance must be up for this operation.
All tablespaces are put in backup mode before the virtual copy is created. After the
virtual copy creation is completed, tablespaces are taken out of backup mode. This
backup only takes a virtual copy for all datafiles; not archive log destination. A virtual
copy created with the -o datafile option is only useful when archive logfiles
generated during the creation of the virtual copy are also available. You may want to
create separate virtual copies using the -o archonly option.
◆
Backup Archive Log Dest Only - The involved database instance must be up for this
operation. The database is forced to switch logs before a virtual copy of archive logs is
created.
4
7.4
Click Finish.
Using Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6.2 Setting up Virtual Copy Policy
This feature allows the control of the number of virtual copies on an InServ Storage Server.
When the maximum number of virtual copies is reached, the oldest copy can either be
removed or retained.
To create a virtual copy policy, perform the following procedure:
1
Select Virtual Copy Management from the navigation view.
2
Select the Virtual Copy Policy menu from the Virtual Copies
pull-down menu.
3
4
Enter the maximum number of virtual copies to be kept in the text field.
If you want to remove the oldest virtual copy, select Remove the oldest Virtual Copy. If
you want to keep the oldest virtual copy, select Retain the oldest Virtual Copy option.
◆
Remove the oldest Virtual Copy - If the maximum number of virtual copies is
reached, the oldest virtual copy is removed before a new virtual copy is created.
◆
Retain the oldest Virtual Copy - If the maximum number of virtual copies is reached,
the oldest virtual copy is retained and a new virtual copy is created.
5
Click Finish.
NOTE: The virtual copy policy is effective immediately.
7.6.3 Refreshing Virtual Copy Information
You can update virtual copy information that includes Backup Type, Backup Key, Mount point
and Virtual Volume State. If a new virtual copy is created outside of the Recovery Manager
GUI, the virtual copy is added to the navigation view.
1
Select Virtual Copy Management from the navigation view.
2
Select Refresh from the Virtual Copies pull-down menu.
.
NOTE: The refresh process begins immediately. It takes a few minutes depending
on the number of virtual copies in the Recovery Manager repository.
Using Virtual Copies
7.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6.4 Mounting a Virtual Copy
After a virtual copy is created, it can be mounted on the backup host where the Recovery
Manager GUI is running.
To mount a virtual copy, perform the following procedure:
1
Right-click the virtual copy you wish to mount.
2
Click Mount.
A screen appears showing the virtual copy name, and creation time. You are prompted for
the mount point where you want the virtual copy being mounted on the backup host. The
default mount point is:
/etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/<timestamp>
3
Click Finish.
Recovery Manager begins mounting all the file systems for you. When the mounting of the
file systems is complete, a screen displays the successful message.
4
Click OK.
In the Virtual Volume State column, Mounted should be displayed indicating that the
virtual copies are mounted on the backup host. The mount point is also displayed indicating
the location of the mounted file systems.
After a virtual copy is in the Mounted state, a database instance can be created on the backup
host by cloning the database (see 7.6.12 Cloning a Database on page 7.9).
7.6.5 Unmounting a Virtual Copy
After a virtual copy is in the Mounted state, an unmount operation can be executed.
To unmount a virtual copy:
1
Right-click the virtual copy you wish to unmount.
2
Click Unmount.
3
Click Finish.
A successful message shows on screen after it is finished.
4
Click OK.
The Virtual Volume State column for this virtual copy changes to Available.
7.6
Using Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6.6 Removing a Virtual Copy
After the Virtual Volume State column displays Available, the virtual copy can be deleted.
CAUTION: Removing a virtual copy permanently removes the virtual copy from
the system.
To remove a virtual copy:
1
Right-click the virtual copy you wish to remove.
2
Click Remove Virtual Copy.
3
Click Yes when prompted for confirmation to remove the virtual copy.
A successful message shows on screen after it is finished.
4
Click OK.
The virtual copy is removed from the virtual copy management list.
7.6.7 Backing up a Virtual Copy
If a virtual copy is in the Available state, it can be backed up. If a virtual copy is in the
Mounted or Database state, the virtual copy needs to be to unmounted prior to being
backed up.
To backup a virtual copy:
1
Right-click the virtual copy to be backed up to media.
2
Click Backup to Media.
3
Click Finish.
4
Click OK.
7.6.8 Removing a Virtual Copy Repository
Normally, when the virtual copy is removed, the repository is deleted. However, if you have
already backed up the repository is not automatically removed. It is kept to apply the restore
operations when necessary. After the virtual copy repository is removed, all information
related to this virtual copy set is lost.
1
Right-click the virtual copy name to be removed from the entire repository.
Using Virtual Copies
7.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
2
Click Remove Virtual Copy Repository.
3
Click Yes when prompted for confirmation to remove the repository.
The removed repository is no longer displayed on the virtual copy management screen.
7.6.9 Restoring Datafiles
If Veritas NetBackup (NBU) is used to back up datafiles, NBU can be used to restore datafiles to
the primary host, backup host, or any other hosts where the NBU clients for the same NBU
master server are configured.
If the virtual copy is being backed up using NBU, the backup key has the format:
<oracle_sid>_<primary_host>_<timestamp>.
To restore a datafile:
1
Right-click the desired virtual copy.
2
Click Restore.
A screen appears displaying the virtual copy set information and you are prompted for the
host name and mount point for restoring the data files. If the mount point is left blank,
files are restored to their original paths on the primary host.
3
Click Finish.
7.6.10 Refreshing Database Information
Tablespace, datafile, archive log, and virtual volume information can be refreshed in the
Recovery Manager GUI by performing the following:
1
Click any of Tablespace, Datafiles, Archive Log, or Virtual Volumes in the left-hand
tree.
2
Click Refresh in the tool bar.
Recovery Manager retrieves all the information from the primary database.
All mappings are for informational purposes and cannot be modified. All mappings reflect the
current database and virtual copy information if the primary database is accessible.
7.8
Using Virtual Copies
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.6.11 Exporting a Virtual Copy to an Alternate Backup Host
After a virtual copy is created, it can be exported to an alternate backup host.
Export a virtual copy as follows:
1
Right-click the virtual copy you wish to export and click Export.
The Export Virtual Copy screen appears.
2
On the Export Virtual Copy screen, provide the following information:
◆
Alternate Backup Host Name - the name of the backup host to which the virtual
copy is exported.
◆
InServ Password File - the location of the InServ Storage Server CLI password at the
alternate backup host. This text field will display if RSH is selected.
◆
InServ User Name - the storage server user name for the alternate backup host. This
text field will display if RSH is selected.
◆
Backup Host Name in InServ - the alternate backup host name defined in the InServ
Storage Server.
3
Click Finish to start exporting the virtual copy.
7.6.12 Cloning a Database
Each online virtual copy created by Recovery Manager represents a point-in-time database
image. Recovery Manager can use the virtual copy to help restore the database, or to clone the
database for testing, decision making, and report generating purposes. The cloning capability
takes the workload out of the primary host and reduces performance impact.
In order to create the cloned database from virtual copies, these virtual copies must be created
by Recovery Manager with the online or offline database option.
The cloned database is created on the backup host.
To clone a database:
1
Select a virtual copy that has a status of Mounted.
2
Right-click the mounted virtual copy and click Create database.
3
Provide the new database ID and the Oracle home directory.
Using Virtual Copies
7.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
4
If an ascii control file is chosen to clone the database (this is default option), provide one or
more mount points on the backup host for the control files and the redo log files (control
files and redo log files are multiplexed across the mount points).
Example: If you provide /clone_directory1, /clone_directory2, +CLONE_DATA
notice combined ASM diskgroup and file systems are allowed in this operation, make sure
adequate permissions are granted for the user executing the clone utility. If the binary
control file is chosen to clone the database, the clone operation will use exactly the same
structure as that in the primary database. The virtual copy must be mounted at '/' before
the database creation operation starts in order to ensure the clone database has exactly the
same structure for all database files.
5
Click Finish.
After the cloned database operation has completed, the Virtual Volume column is
changed from Mounted to Database to indicate the cloned database is up and running.
6
Click OK.
7.6.13 Removing a Cloned Database
When a cloned database is no longer needed, it can be removed with the following procedure:
1
Select a virtual copy with a status of Database.
2
Right-click on the selected virtual copy and click Remove database.
3
Click Yes.
4
Click OK.
7.7 Periodic Database Synchronization
The periodic synchronization process is an asynchronous process. Synchronization takes
minutes to hours for the synchronized process to finish depending on data changes, network
speed, and load on the primary host, backup host, primary/local and secondary/remote InServ
Storage Servers. When the synchronization completes, Recovery Manager creates a virtual copy
on the remote (secondary) InServ Storage Server, updates the navigation view, and sends
notification to the user.
7.10
Periodic Database Synchronization
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
7.7.1 Starting Periodic Synchronization
To start periodic synchronization on a Remote Copy node:
1
Right-click a Remote Copy node on the navigation tree and click Periodic Sync
Virtual Volumes.
The Periodic Synchronization Virtual Volumes screen appears.
NOTE: Recovery Manager does not allow more than one periodic synchronization
process for the same database at the same time.
2
Depending on the setup of your database, select either Online (Hot) Backup or Offline
(Cold) Backup and then click Finish.
After the periodic synchronization process is started, the command log view of the
Recovery Manager GUI displays a status of started.
7.7.2 Verifying the Periodic Synchronization Process
When starting periodic synchronization on a Remote Copy node, you may wish to verify that
the synchronization process is occurring.
X
To verify the periodic synchronization on a Remote Copy node, right-click the Remote
Copy node where synchronization has started and click Periodic Sync Status.
A window appears displaying the status of the synchronization process.
7.7.3 Removing the Recovery Manager Periodic Sync Lock
Recovery Manager does not permit more than one periodic synchronization process for the
same database at a time. Recovery Manager uses the Periodic Sync Lock to prevent
simultaneous synchronization processes from occurring on a single database.
Periodic Database Synchronization
7.11
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
If Recovery Manager prevents you from performing a periodic synchronization of your Remote
Copy group when no other synchronization processes are occurring, the Periodic Sync Lock can
be removed.
X
To remove the Periodic Sync Lock, right-click the Remote Copy node you wish to
synchronize and click Remove Periodic Sync Lock.
7.7.4 Refreshing Remote Copy Information
After performing periodic synchronization on a Remote Copy node, you need to refresh the
Recovery Manager GUI so that the most current information is displayed.
X
To refresh Remote Copy information, right-click the Remote Copy node on which
synchronization was performed and click Refresh.
7.12
Periodic Database Synchronization
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
8
Using the Recovery
Manager Rollback Utility
In this chapter
8.1 vcdba_rollback Usage
8.2
8.2 Database Volumes Not Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.2
8.2.1 Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
8.2
8.2.2 Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
8.3
8.3 Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.4
8.3.1 Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
8.4
8.3.2 Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
8.7
Recovery Manager provides a way to rollback a database to a point-in-time stage with a readonly or read-write virtual copy.
The rollback utility requires the data volumes be offline without being exported to any giving
host. Therefore it is very important to keep the original volume numbers from being reused by
other volumes. Recovery Manager uses them for creating LUNs and exporting them to the
original host with the same set of volume numbers.
Using the Recovery Manager Rollback Utility
8.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
8.1 vcdba_rollback Usage
Refer to vcdba_rollback on page 6.35 for the syntax and available options for the
vcdba_rollback command.
The procedure to rollback the data volumes depends on the data type of the datafile. If the
datafiles are composed from Veritas VxVM then special VxVM procedures apply.
8.2 Database Volumes Not Under Veritas VxVM Control
If none of the disk volumes used by a database are under Veritas VxVM control, perform the
following procedures.
8.2.1 Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
1
On the primary host, shutdown the database if it is up and running. If ASM is being used,
unmount all involved ASM disk groups.
2
On the primary host, unmount all file systems where the database volumes are mounted.
3
On the InServ Storage Server, remove the VLUNs for the data volumes by issuing the
removevlun <vvname> <lun> <host> command.
Example:
removevlun Oracle_data1 101 pilot
4
Keep the list of the VLUNs, which are removed by the command above. The VLUNs are used
to re-export the LUNs with the same disk IDs after rollback operation is completed.
5
From the backup host, execute the vcdba_rollback -s <oracle_sid> -p
<primary_host> -t <timestamp> -v command to roll back the read-only copy:
Example:
vcdba_rollback -s TEST920 -p pilot -t 042903142921 -v
6
On the InServ Storage Server, export all the data volumes to the primary host with the same
VLUNs saved in step 4 by issuing the createvlun <vvname> <lun> <host> CLI
command:
8.2
vcdba_rollback Usage
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Example:
createvlun Oracle_data1 101 pilot
7
On the primary host, run the fsck command on all mount points, and then mount each
disk to its original mount point. If ASM is being used, mount all involved ASM disk groups.
8
On the primary host, follow Oracle documentation to perform media recovery to recover
the database.
8.2.2 Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
The difference between a read-only and a read-write virtual copy depends on whether the
read-write virtual copy has been exported and if any I/O operations have been applied on the
copy or not.
■
For a cloned database on the backup host, you need to perform log switches until all online
redo logs are switched to archive log files. The cloned database must then be shut down.
All file systems used by the cloned database have to be manually unmounted, and remain
offline with the umount and removevlun commands.
NOTE: Be sure to manually unmount the file systems used by the cloned database
on the backup host. Do not use the vcdba_umount utility, which not only
unmounts the file systems, but also removes the read-write virtual copy from the
InServ system.
■
In addition to performing the 8.2.1 Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies on page 8.2, use
the -w option to specify read-write virtual copy in step 3 in 8.2.1 Rollback with Read-Only
Virtual Copies on page 8.2.
Database Volumes Not Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
8.3 Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
If any of the database volumes are under Veritas VxVM control, perform the following
procedures.
8.3.1 Rollback with Read-Write Virtual Copies
1
On both the backup host and the primary host:
a
Shutdown both databases. For the cloned database on the backup host, you should
perform log switches to make sure all online redo logs are switched to archive log files
and that they are physically on the disk before you shutdown the cloned database. Or
you can FTP over all online redo log files to the primary host, which can be used when
performing database recovery.
b
Manually unmount all file systems used by both databases. Do not use the
vcdba_umount utility in this step, which not only unmounts the file systems, but also
removes the read-write virtual copy from the InServ Storage Server. If ASM is being
used, unmount all involved ASM disk groups.
c
Deport the VxVM disk groups (used by datafiles and archive log destination).
Example:
On the backup host:
vxdg deport orcl920dg_042903142921
vxdg deport arch920dg_042903142921
On the primary host:
vxdg deport orcl920dg
vxdg deport arch920dg
Disk groups with trailing timestamps are created by Recovery Manager when performing a
database backup. They can be found in the virtual copy repository.
2
On the InServ Storage Server, remove the VLUNs used by datafiles and archive log
destination by issuing the removevlun <vvname> <lun> <host> command.
8.4
Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
NOTE: If all VLUNs used by the database are removed, remember to recreate all
of them after the rollback. Rollback only overrides virtual volumes used by
datafiles and/or archive log destination (depending on which backup option the
user performed for the specific timestamp).
3
Perform rollback on the backup host by executing the Recovery Manager
vcdba_rollback -s <oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp> -v
–w command to roll back the read-write copy which is based on point-in-time, read-only
snapshot when performing a database backup.
Example:
vcdba_rollback -s TEST920 -p pilot -t 042903142921 -v -w
4
On the InServ Storage Server, recreate all of the VLUNs, which were removed earlier. Us the
same VLUN information by issuing the createvlun <vvname> <lun> <host>
command.
5
On the primary host, run the vxdctl enable command and import the disk groups with
the original names, and start all VM volumes. Wait until all disks are online.
Example:
vxdg -fC
vxdg -fC
vxvol -g
vxvol -g
d
-n orcl920dg import orcl920dg_042903142921
-n arch920dg import arch920dg_042903142921
orcl920dg startall
arch920dg startall
Run the vxdisk list command to see if all volume disks are online and belong to the
original names.
Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Example:
pilot:# vxdisk list
DEVICE
TYPE
c0t0d0s2
sliced
c2t0d0s2
sliced
c2t0d41s2
sliced
c2t0d42s2
sliced
c2t0d43s2
sliced
c2t0d44s2
sliced
c2t0d45s2
sliced
c2t0d46s2
sliced
c2t0d47s2
sliced
c2t0d48s2
sliced
c2t0d49s2
sliced
e
DISK
disk01
orcl92001
orcl92002
orcl92003
orcl92004
orcl92005
orcl92006
orcl92007
arch92001
arch92002
GROUP
rootdg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
orcl920dg
arch920dg
arch920dg
STATUS
error
online
online
online
online
online
online
online
online
online
online
Run the fsck command and mount all the file systems. If ASM is being used, mount all
involved ASM disk groups.
f
Recover the database using the new control file generated from the vcdba_rollback
command. The name of the file is ascii_controlfile_for_rollback, and it is
located in the virtual copy repository on the backup host. It also shows on the backup
host screen when the rollback is done. Copy the ascii control file from the backup host
to the primary host.
6
(Optional) Recover the cloned database on the backup host as follows:
NOTE: After performing the rollback, if you still want the cloned database on the
backup host up and running, the following steps should be performed.
Otherwise, this section can be skipped.
a
On the InServ Storage Server, recreate all VLUNs previously removed by issuing the
createvlun <vvname> <lun> <host> command.
b
On the backup host, run the vxdctl enable command and import the disk groups
using the same name as when you deported them.
Example:
vxdg import orcl920dg_042903142921
vxdg import arch920dg_042903142921
8.6
Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
c
On the backup host, run the vxdisk list command to make sure all volume disks are
online and belong to the correct disk groups.
d
On the backup host, mount all file systems previously used by the cloned database.
e
On the backup host, start up the database.
8.3.2 Rollback with Read-Only Virtual Copies
To rollback read-only virtual copies, perform the following:
1
On the primary host, perform step 1 and step 2 on page 8.2. The only exception is that no
action is needed on the backup host at this time.
2
On the backup host, execute the Recovery Manager vcdba_rollback -s
<oracle_sid> -p <primary_host> -t <timestamp> -v command to roll back the
specified read-only virtual copy.
Example:
vcdba_rollback -s TEST920 -p pilot -t 042903142921 -v
3
Recover the database on the primary host. See step 4 and step 5 on page 8.5. When
performing the import, no disk group names need to be changed.
Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
8.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
8.8
Database Volumes Under Veritas VxVM Control
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
9
Using Remote Copy with
Recovery Manager
In this chapter
9.1 Overview
9.2
9.2 System Configuration
9.3
9.2.1 Recovery Manager’s Remote Copy Requirements
9.3 Verifying Remote Copy Settings
9.3
9.5
9.3.1 Verifying the Primary/Local Remote Copy Setting
9.5
9.3.2 Verifying the Secondary/Remote Copy Setting
9.6
9.4 Using Remote Copy
9.9
Using Remote Copy with Recovery Manager
9.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
9.1 Overview
3PAR Recovery Manager provides three methods to utilize 3PAR Remote Copy for periodic
synchronization:
■
Graphic User Interface (GUI)
■
Menu-driven application
■
Command Line Interface (CLI)
Each method of Remote Copy is implemented by calling the following utility:
/opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_rsync
The following figure illustrates the relationship between the primary and the backup hosts,
and the primary/local and secondary/remote InServ Storage Servers:
Primary Host
Oracle Database
3PAR Recovery Manager
Primary/Local
InServ Server
Backup Host
3PAR Recovery Manager
Secondary/Remote
InServ Server
Figure 9-1. Remote Copy and Recovery Manager Relationship
The vcdba_rsync command uses the CLI command syncrcopy to periodically push the
changed data from the primary/local InServ Storage Server to the secondary/remote InServ
Storage Server. The time required for this process depends on the data volume changed in the
9.2
Overview
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
primary database from the last synchronization, I/O load on both InServ Storage Servers, and
the network speed.
Each time vcdba_rsync is executed, with either the online or offline option, Recovery
Manager synchronizes the volumes on the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server with
changes from the database on the primary/local InServ Storage Server. After the
synchronization process is finished, Recovery Manager creates virtual copies for volumes on the
secondary/remote InServ Storage Server. Those virtual copies constitute a consistent point-intime backup image for the primary database. The primary database related files and
information, such as init.ora, the Oracle password file, the binary control file (compressed
format), the ASCII control file, datafile information, and tablespace information are saved in a
virtual copy repository on a backup host. A virtual copy repository directory is created as /
etc/3par/solutions/<primary_host>.ora.<oracle_sid>/<timestamp>
For example:
/etc/3par/solutions/right.ora.ISS920/032103170642
Virtual copies exist on the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server where they can later be
mounted and used to clone the primary database. In addition, the virtual copies can also be
backed up to a tape library or other inexpensive storage devices to keep a consistent point-intime image of the primary database.
9.2 System Configuration
NOTE: Before using this utility, ensure that all 3PAR Recovery Manager
requirements are met, the Remote Copy licenses are installed on both the
primary/local InServ Storage Server and the secondary/remote InServ Storage
Server and Remote Copy is properly configured on both InServ Storage Servers.
9.2.1 Recovery Manager’s Remote Copy Requirements
Before using the Recovery Manager Remote Copy utility, the following must be set up:
■
Primary/local and secondary/remote InServ Storage Servers must be correctly configured.
■
Links among nodes within two InServ Storage Servers must be set up and targets related to
the two InServ Storage Servers must be created.
System Configuration
9.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
■
Either one or two Remote Copy group(s) must be created, which contain all virtual volumes
used by datafiles and archive log destinations. The one group option requires that datafiles
and archive log destinations are in the same group. The two group option rqeuires that the
archive log destination(s) is in a different group from datafiles.
■
Recovery Manager only supports the mirror_config policy (default) for the involved
Remote Copy target.
■
Recovery Manager only supports periodic synchronization and requires the period value set
to zero for the involved Remote Copy group.
■
If volume manager is being used, all volumes that are in the same disk group as the
datafiles or archive log destinations must be admitted to the Remote Copy group.
■
If ASM is being used, all volumes that are in the same ASM disk group as the datafiles or
archive log destinations must be admitted to the Remote Copy group.
■
Remote copy group must be started and in synchronized status.
■
Refer to the 3PAR Remote Copy User’s Guide to set Remote Copy targets, links, and groups.
After the above has been set up, a Recovery Manager configuration file must be created. There
are three ways to create a configuration file.
On the backup host:
X
Run /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdbagui to start the Recovery Manager Graphical
User Interface (GUI).
or
X
Run /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_main to start the Recovery Manager menudriven utility.
or
X
Run /opt/3par/vcdbaora/bin/vcdba_config to start the Command Line Interface
(CLI).
Refer to the 4.9 Recovery Manager Configuration Files on page 4.27 to setup the configuration
file for Remote Copy.
9.4
System Configuration
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
9.3 Verifying Remote Copy Settings
9.3.1 Verifying the Primary/Local Remote Copy Setting
To verify the primary/local Remote Copy setting:
1
Log in to the primary host as root user.
2
Connect to the primary/local InServ Storage Server from the primary host using either SSH
or RSH:
<primary_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
where:
◆
<username> is the InServ Storage Server user.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the primary/local InServ Storage Server, which is
attached to the primary host.
◆
3
You are not prompted for a password if set up correctly.
Verify the Remote Copy ports.
cli% showport -rcip
NOTE: Ensure the ports are in the ready state.
The following is sample output from the showport -rcip command:
N:S:P State HW Address IP Address Netmask Gateway MTU
0:5:1 ready 0002B3C03DF2 193.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 - 1500
1:5:1 ready 0002B3C03E94 194.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 - 1500
4
Verify the Remote Copy primary/local group (datafile group and archive log group).
cli% showrcopy groups <group name>
Verifying Remote Copy Settings
9.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
where:
◆
<group name> is the Remote Copy group name of the virtual volumes where the
datafiles of the database reside.
NOTE: Ensure the group is in the Start state and in Periodic mode.
5
Verify the Remote Copy targets.
cli% showrcopy targets <target_name>
where <target_name> is the name of the remote target that has been created using
creatercopytarget.
NOTE: Ensure the target status is Ready.
6
Verify the Remote Copy links.
cli% showrcopy links
NOTE: Ensure the link status is Up.
9.3.2 Verifying the Secondary/Remote Copy Setting
To verify the secondary/remote Remote Copy setting:
1
2
Log in to the backup host as the root user.
Connect to the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server from the backup host using either
SSH or RSH:
<backup_host># ssh <username>@<ss_name>
9.6
Verifying Remote Copy Settings
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
where:
◆
<username> is the InServ Storage Server CLI user.
◆
<ss_name> is the system name of the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server, which is
attached to the backup host.
◆
3
You are note prompted for a password if set up correctly.
Verify the Remote Copy ports.
cli% showport -rcip
The following is sample output from the showport -rcip command:
N:S:P State HW Address IP Address Netmask Gateway MTU
0:5:1 ready 0002B3C03DF2 193.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 - 1500
1:5:1 ready 0002B3C03E94 194.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 - 1500
4
Verify the Remote Copy secondary/remote groups (datafile group and archive log group).
cli% showrcopy groups <group_name>
where:
◆
<group name> is the name of the Remote Copy group which contains all virtual
volumes used by database datafiles.
NOTE: Ensure the group is in the Start state and in Periodic mode.
5
Verify the Remote Copy targets.
cli% showrcopy targets <target_name>
Verifying Remote Copy Settings
9.7
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
where <target name> is the name of the remote target that has been created using
creatercopytarget.
NOTE: Ensure the target status is Ready.
6
Verify the Remote Copy links.
cli% showrcopy links
NOTE: Ensure the link status is Up.
9.3.2.1 Starting and Synchronizing Remote Copy Groups
Before using Recovery Manager with Remote Copy, groups in both the primary/local and
secondary/remote InServ Storage Servers should be started and in a synchronized state.
Starting and synchronizing the groups can be achieved by executing the following CLI
commands from the primary/local InServ Storage Server:
■
startrcopygroup <group_name>
where <group_name> is the name of the Remote Copy group which contains all virtual
volumes used by database datafiles and archive log destinations.
NOTE: The CLI command showrcopy can be used to check the synchronization
status.
Prior to Recovery Manager release 3.0.0, two Remote Copy groups were required if archive log
mode was enabled; one for datafiles and one for archive log destinations. If you wish to use
one group configuration (recommended), where all datafiles and archive log destinations are
within the same Remote Copy group, be sure to synchronize the Remote Copy group after you
reorganize your Remote Copy group members. You can do this by issuing the
syncrcopy <group_name> command.
9.8
Verifying Remote Copy Settings
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Failure to issue the syncropy <group_name> command can result in the subsequently issued
vcdba_rsync command failing with the following errors:
Eagle IPC transport error: EA_PROCESS_DOWN
of process down
-- Message canceled because
3PAR1170: ERROR: Could not perform syncrcopy for specified virtual copy.
Could not find request handler: EAIPC_NOPHANDLE
-- No phandle is
available or found
9.4 Using Remote Copy
3PAR Remote Copy can be used to backup the primary database and clone the primary
database.
Cloned databases can be used for testing, generating reports, or development purpose. The
primary database can be cloned from the backup host or any other alternate backup host,
which connects to the secondary/remote InServ Storage Server.
Recovery Manager provides the utility to mount the virtual copies and further clone the
primary databases on the backup host.
Using Remote Copy
9.9
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
9.10
Using Remote Copy
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Index
A
advisories 1.5
archive log backup
configuring NBU policy 4.21
audience for this guide 1.2
automatic backup 2.18, 5.8
automatic backups
performing 5.8
B
backing up virtual copies 5.7, 7.7
backup server to InServ RSH connection 4.7
backup server to InServ SSH connection 4.15
backup to NBU verification for SSH 4.13
backup to primary host verification 4.12
backups, automatic, performing 5.8
backups, immediate, performing 5.7
C
cautions, defined 1.5
CLI connection
primary to InServ server 4.6
clone utility 2.12
cloned database removal utility 2.14
cloning a database 7.9
command line utilities
location 6.2
configuration files 4.27
configuration, backup host 4.27, 4.33, 4.44
configuring backup host with GUI 4.44
configuring NBU policy for archive log
backup 4.21
configuring NBU policy for database backup 4.20
connections 4.2
conventions
typographical 1.4
create utility 2.7
actions 2.8
creating a database copy 6.12
creating an RMAN recovery catalog 4.24
creating configuration file with GUI 4.33
creating configuration files 7.3
creating databases 6.15
creating virtual copies 5.4, 7.4
D
data file restoration 7.8
database backup
configuring NBU policy 4.20
database backup utility 2.16
database clone utility 2.12
database configuration utility 2.7
database restoration 5.9
database restore utility 2.20
database rollback 2.15
database rollback utility 2.15
databases
cloning 7.9
periodic synchronization 7.10
refreshing information 7.8
deinstalling from Linux systems 3.6
Index
IX.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
deinstalling Recovery Manager from Solaris
systems 3.9
display utility 2.9
displaying virtual copies 5.3, 6.18
documents, related 1.2
E
export utility 2.12
exporting virtual copies 5.5
G
generating an SSH key pair 4.11
GUI configuration, backup host 4.33, 4.44
I
immediate backup 2.17
immediate backups
performing 5.7
performing using the menu-driven
application 5.7
installation 3.6
on Linux systems 3.4
installation of Recovery Manager, verifying 3.7
installing 3.2
installing on primary server 3.7
installing Recovery Manager on Solaris
systems 3.6
L
limitations of space for Recovery Manager 2.5
location of command line utilities 6.2
M
manual pages setup 4.19
menu driven, backup host 4.27
menu-driven application
performing immediate backups from 5.7
performing restores from 5.9
starting 5.2
modifying configuration files 7.3
mount utility 2.10
mounting virtual copies 5.5, 6.24, 7.6
IX.2
Index
N
national language support setup 4.18
NBU parameters
setting up 4.21
NBU policies for Oracle RMAN backup 4.22
NBU policy setup 4.19
NetBackup 2.6, 4.5
used with Recovery Manager 2.6
NetBackup RSH connection 4.5
notes, defined 1.5
O
off-host backup 2.16
Oracle RMAN 2.6
used with Recovery Manager 2.6
Oracle, interacting with Recovery Manager 2.4
organization of this guide 1.3
P
periodic database synchronization 7.10
periodic Remote Copy 5.10
pkgadd command 3.7
pkginfo command 3.8
pkgrm command 3.9
preinstallation requirements 3.2
primary server and InServ RSH connection 4.6
primary server installation 3.7
primary server RSH connection 4.4
R
Recovery Manager
CLI 6.2
configuration files 4.27
deinstallation from Solaris systems 3.9
GUI 7.2
installation on Linux systems 3.4
installation on Solaris systems 3.6
installing
preinstallation requirements 3.2
interacting with Veritas NetBackup 2.6
removing from Linux systems 3.6
setting up connections 4.2
utilities 2.7
Recovery Manager repository 2.3
file types 2.3
location 2.3
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Recovery Manager with Remote Copy 2.21
refreshing database information 7.8
refreshing virtual copy information 7.5
related documents 1.2
Remote Copy 2.21
overview 9.2
uses 9.9
removing a virtual copy repository 5.6, 7.7
removing cloned databases 6.28
removing configuration files 7.3
removing the repository 7.7
removing virtual copies 5.4, 6.27, 7.7
removing virtual copy repositories 6.33
repository for Recovery Manager, about 2.3
restores
performing 5.9
performing using the menu-driven
application 5.9
restoring data files 7.8
restoring databases 5.9, 6.30
restrictions with SSH 4.10
revision history RH.1
RMAN recovery catalog creation 4.24
rollback utility requirements 8.1
rolling back read-only virtual copies 8.2
rolling back read-write virtual copies 8.3
rolling back virtual copies 6.35
RSH 4.2
RSH connection
backup to primary server 4.4
RSH connection for NetBackup 4.5
RSH connection for primary server 4.4
RSH connection from backup host to InServ 4.7
RSH connection relationship 4.3
RSH connection relationship for Remote Copy 4.3
RSH connection, primary server and InServ 4.6
RSH setup 4.3
S
search path setup 4.19
setting up a search path 4.19
setting up manual pages 4.19
setting up national language support 4.18
setting up NBU parameters 4.21
setting up NBU policies 4.19
setting up RSH/CLI connections 4.3
setting up SSH 4.9
IX.3
Index
from backup to InServ server 4.14
from backup to NBU master server 4.13
from backup to primary server 4.12
from primary to InServ server 4.16
space limitations of Recovery Manager 2.5
SQL Plus 2.4
SSH 4.2
generating key pair for the primary server 4.11
modifying daemon configuration 4.10
SSH connection for Remote Copy 4.10
SSH connection relationship 4.9
SSH key pair 4.11
SSH key pair generation 4.11
SSH restrictions 4.10
SSH setup 4.9
SSH setup from the backup to InServ server 4.14
SSH setup from the backup to NBU master
server 4.13
SSH setup from the backup to primary server 4.12
SSH setup from the primary to InServ server 4.16
starting the GUI 7.2
starting the menu-driven application 5.2
stopping the GUI 7.2
T
third party backup tools 2.16
typographical conventions 1.4
U
unmount utility 2.11
unmounting virtual copies 5.5, 6.39, 7.6
utilities 2.7
clone 2.12
cloned database removal 2.14
database backup 2.16
database configuration 2.7
database restore 2.20
database rollback 2.15
display 2.9
export 2.12
mount 2.10
unmount 2.11
virtual copy creation 2.7
virtual copy removal 2.14
virtual copy repository removal 2.14
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
V
vcdba_create 6.12
vcdba_createdb 6.15
vcdba_display 6.18
vcdba_mount 6.24
vcdba_remove 6.27
vcdba_removedb 6.28
vcdba_restore 6.30
vcdba_rmrep 6.33
vcdba_rollback 6.35
vcdba_unmount 6.39
verifying installation of Recovery Manager 3.7
verifying installation on primary host 3.7
verifying SSH connection from backup host to
InServ 4.15
verifying SSH connection from backup to
NBU 4.13
verifying SSH connection from backup to primary
host 4.12
verifying SSHconnection from primary host to
InServ 4.17
virtual copies 7.7
backing up 5.7, 7.7
creating 5.4, 7.4
displaying 5.3
explanation of 2.2
IX.4
Index
exporting 5.5
exporting to alternate hosts 7.9
managing 5.7
mounting 5.5, 7.6
refreshing information 7.5
removing 5.4, 7.7
rolling back read-only 8.2
rolling back read-write 8.3
setting up the virtual copy policy 7.5
unmounting 5.5, 7.6
virtual copy
creating consistent copies 2.4
virtual copy of archive log destination only,
creating 5.8
virtual copy of database instance, creating 5.8
virtual copy policy 2.15
virtual copy policy setup 7.5
virtual copy removal utility 2.14
virtual copy repository 2.14
virtual copy repository removal 5.6
virtual copy repository removal utility 2.14
W
warnings, defined 1.5
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
Revision History
..............
Release level
Revision summary
320-200190 Rev A
First release of this manual to support product release 3.0.2.
November 2009
Revision History
RH.1
Recovery Manager for Oracle User’s Guide
RH.2
Revision History