Jonsered LT2218A User's Manual

LT2218A
Operator's Manual
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
DANGER: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
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WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up,
transporting, adjusting or making repairs, always disconnect spark plug
wire and place wire where it cannot
contact spark plug.
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WARNING: Do not coast down a hill
in neutral, you may lose control of the
tractor.
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WARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common
sense when towing. Operate only at
the lowest possible speed when on a
slope. Too heavy of a load, while on
a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose
traction with the ground and cause you
to lose control of your tractor.
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I. GENERAL OPERATION
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Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual before starting.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under
the machine. Keep clear of the discharge opening at
all times.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blades.
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before operating. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while backing.
Never direct discharged material toward anyone. Avoid
discharging material against a wall or obstruction. Material may ricochet back toward the operator. Stop the
blades when crossing gravel surfaces.
Do not operate machine without the entire grass catcher,
discharge guard, or other safety devices in place and
working.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always
turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting.
Disengage blades when not mowing. Shut off engine
and wait for all parts to come to a complete stop before
cleaning the machine, removing the grass catcher, or
unclogging the discharge guard.
Operate machine only in daylight or good artificial
light.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating machine.
Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their
ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious injury.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for wheel
weights or counterweights.
Keep machine free of grass , leaves or other debris
build-up which can touch hot exhaust / engine parts
and burn. Do not allow the mower deck to plow leaves
or other debris which can cause build-up to occur.
Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or
storing the machine. Allow machine to cool before
storage.
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it,
do not mow it.
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other hidden
objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.
Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Choose a low ground speed so that you will not have
to stop or shift while on the slope.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may lose traction.
Always keep the machine in gear when going down
slopes. Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If the
tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed
slowly straight down the slope.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction,
which could cause the machine to roll over.
• Use extra care while operating machine with grass
catchers or other attachments; they can affect the
stability of the machine. Do no use on steep slopes.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot
on the ground.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The machine could suddenly roll over if a wheel is over
the edge or if the edge caves in.
2
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
III. CHILDREN
GENERAL SERVICE
• Never operate machine in a closed area.
• Keep all nuts and bolts tight to be sure the equipment
is in safe working condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris
build-up. Clean oil or fuel spillage and remove any fuelsoaked debris. Allow machine to cool before storing.
• If you strike a foreign object, stop and inspect the
machine. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never make any adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
• Check grass catcher components and the discharge
guard frequently and replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear
gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as
necessary.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful
care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
• Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
• Before and while backing, look behind and down for
small children.
• Never carry children, even with the blades shut off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who have been given
rides in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing
area for another ride and be run over or backed over
by the machine.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may block your view of a
child.
IV. TOWING
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Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed for
towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at the
hitch point.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for weight
limits for towed equipment and towing on slopes.
Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may
cause loss of traction and loss of control.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
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V. SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive.
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
• Use only approved gasoline container.
• Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool before refueling.
• Never fuel the machine indoors.
• Never store the machine or fuel container where there
is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such as on a water
heater or other appliances.
• Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or
trailer bed with plastic liner. Always place containers
on the ground away from your vehicle when filling.
• Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck or trailer
and refuel it on the ground. If this is not possible, then
refuel such equipment with a portable container, rather
than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
• Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank
or container opening at all times until fueling is complete.
Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
• If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.
• Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap and tighten
securely.
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3
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before operating. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while backing.
Never carry children, even with the blades shut off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who have been given
rides in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing
area for another ride and be run over or backed over
by the machine.
Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful
care of a responsible adult other than the operator.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
Before and while backing, look behind and down for
small children.
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
Choose a low ground speed so that you will not have
to stop or shift while on the slope.
Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If the
tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed
slowly straight down the slope.
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades,
shift into reverse and back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline Capacity
and type:
1.5 Gallons (5,68 L)
Unleaded Regular
Oil Type (API-SG-SL):
SAE 30 (above 32°F/0°C)
SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F/0°C)
Oil Capacity:
W/Filter:
56 0z.
W/O Filter: 48 oz.
Spark Plug:
Champion RC12YC
(Gap: .030")
Ground Speed (MPH):
Forward:
Reverse:
Charging System:
15 Amps
Battery:
AMP/HR:
MIN. CCA:
CASE SIZE:
Blade Bolt Torque:
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tractor.
It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service center/
department. We have competent, well-trained technicians
and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.
Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
5.5
2.4
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
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28
230
U1R
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45-55 FT. LBS.
Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for
and using your tractor.
Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this owner’s manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any
unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with
a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if
any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained
in effective working order by the operator.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your
nearest authorized service center/department.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 16
MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 16-19
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ............................ 20-25
STORAGE .................................................................... 26
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................ 27-28
SAFETY RULES ......................................................... 2-3
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 4
ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 6-8
OPERATION ............................................................. 9-15
4
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Steering Wheel
Steering
Wheel Insert
(1) Large
Flat Washer
Steering
Wheel
(1) Lock
Washer
(1) Hex Bolt
Steering Wheel
Adapter
Steering
Extension
Shaft
Steering Boot
Seat
(1) Washer
(1) Seat
(1) Hex Bolt
Slope Sheet
(1) Oil Drain Tube
For Future Use
Key(s)
5
ASSEMBLY
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
• Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
straight forward.
wrench sizes are listed.
(1) 3/4" wrench
Pliers
• Remove steering wheel adapter from steering wheel
and slide adapter onto steering shaft extension.
(2) 7/16" wrenches
Tire pressure gauge
• Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal
(1) 5/16" wrench
(left to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapter.
(1) 1/2" wrench
Utility knife
• Assemble large flat washer, lock washer, hex bolt and
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means
tighten securely.
when you are in the operating position (seated behind the
steering wheel).
• Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering
wheel.
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
• Remove protective materials from tractor hood and
CARTON
grill.
UNPACK CARTON
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES IN
SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR IS TO
ROLL OFF SKID.
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INSTALL SEAT (See Figs. 2 and 3)
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Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons
from carton.
Cut along dashed lines on all four panels of carton.
Remove end panels and lay side panels flat.
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and
remove.
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BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM
SKID
TO INSTALL STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT
• Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft.
• Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and
push down to secure.
Remove bolt and flat washer securing seat to cardboard
packing and set aside for assembly of seat to tractor.
Remove the cardboard packing and discard.
Connect switch to seat.
Place seat on seat pan so all three (3) bottom pads
are positioned over large slotted holes in pan.
SEAT
SWITCH
INSERT
PAD
HEX BOLT
SLOT
LOCK WASHER
LARGE FLAT
WASHER
SEAT
PAN
STEERING
WHEEL
TAPE
WIRING HARNESS
STEERING BOOT
Fig. 2
•
Push down on seat to engage pads in slots and pull
seat towards rear of tractor.
• Raise seat and tighten bolt securely.
• Remove tape and discard.
• Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat.
Press clutch/brake pedal all the way down. If operating
position is not comfortable, adjust seat.
To adjust seat: Grasp adjustment handle and pull up, slide
seat to desired position and release adjustment handle.
ADAPTER
EXTENSION SHAFT
LOWER
STEERING
SHAFT
Fig. 1
6
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: You may now roll your tractor off the skid. Follow the
instructions below to remove the tractor from the skid.
TAPE
SLOT
PAD
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow
all instructions in the Operation section of this manual. Be
sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in
front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.
FLAT
WASHER
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Operation
section for location and function of controls)
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Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.
Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake pedal.
Place freewheel control in "transmission disengaged"
position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation
section of this manual).
• Roll tractor forward off skid.
• Remove banding holding the deflector shield up against
tractor.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
SEAT PAN
BOLT
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
TAB
Fig. 3
TO CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 4)
•
Lift seat to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service after month and
year indicated on label (label is located between terminals)
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.
(See "BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this manual
for charging instructions).
•
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory
for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important
for best cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown on tires.
For battery and battery cable installation see "REPLACING BATTERY" in the "Service and Adjustments"
section in this manual.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly
leveled. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual.
LABEL
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL
BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and
mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed
correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that
the brake is operating properly. See “TO CHECK BRAKE”
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
Fig. 4
7
ASSEMBLY
✓CHECKLIST
BEFORE YOU OPERATE YOUR NEW TRACTOR, WE
WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE BEST PERFORMANCE AND SATISFACTION FROM THIS QUALITY
PRODUCT.
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:
✓ All assembly instructions have been completed.
✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.
✓ Battery is properly prepared and charged.
✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
✓ All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,
the tires were overinflated at the factory).
✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be
properly inflated for leveling).
✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.
✓ Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure
and wires are properly clamped.
✓ Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel control is in
“transmission engaged” position (see “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation section of this manual).
WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT
ITEMS:
✓ Engine oil is at proper level.
✓ Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline.
✓ Become familiar with all controls, their location and
function. Operate them before you start the engine.
✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
✓ Be sure Operator Presence System and Reverse Operation System (ROS) are working properly (See the
Operation and Maintenance sections in this manual).
✓ It is important to purge the transmission before operating your tractor for the first time. Follow proper
starting and transmission purging instructions (See
“TO START ENGINE” and “PURGE TRANSMISSION”
in the Operation section of this manual).
8
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
ENGINE OFF
LIGHTS ON
NEUTRAL
REVERSE
OPERATION
SYSTEM (ROS)
FUEL
HIGH
LOW
ENGINE ON
BATTERY
CHOKE
ENGINE START
REVERSE
FAST
IGNITION SWITCH
PARKING BRAKE
FORWARD
SLOW
MOWER HEIGHT
MOWER LIFT
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
CRUISE CONTROL
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
9
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments.
Save this manual for future reference.
E
H
G
D
B
F
K
C
A
L
M
Fig. 5
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
(F) IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and stopping
the engine.
(G) ROS “ON” POSITION - Allows operation of mower
deck or other powered attachment while in reverse.
(H) LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights on and off.
(L) REVERSE DRIVE PEDAL- Used for reverse movement of tractor.
(M) FREEWHEEL CONTROL - Disengages transmission for
pushing or slowly towing the tractor with the engine off.
(A) ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise, lower,
and adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted
to your tractor.
(B) BRAKE PEDAL - Used for braking the tractor and
starting the engine.
(C) PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks brake pedal into
the brake position.
(D) THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used for starting
and controlling engine speed.
(D) THROTTLE CONTROL - Used to control engine speed.
(E) ATTACHMENT CLUTCH SWITCH - Used to engage the
mower blades or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
10
OPERATION
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which
can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide
vision safety mask over spectacles or standard safety glasses.
00155
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
•
TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 6)
•
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the
operator to leave the seat without first setting the parking
brake will shut off the engine.
• Depress clutch/brake pedal (B) all the way down and
hold.
• Pull parking brake lever (C) up and hold, release pressure from clutch/brake pedal (B), then release parking
brake lever. Pedal should remain in brake position.
Make sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.
Turn ignition key (F) to “STOP” position and remove key.
Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent
unauthorized use.
Never use the choke to stop the engine.
IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY
POSITION OTHER THAN "STOP" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY
TO BE DISCHARGED, (DEAD).
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing
idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this possibility, always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.
CAUTION: Always stop tractor completely, as described above, and set
parking brake before leaving the operator's position.
C
B
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (D) (See Fig. 8)
Always operate engine at full speed (fast).
• Operating engine at less than full speed (fast) reduces
the engine's operating efficiency.
• Full speed (fast) offers the best mower performance.
Fig. 6
D
STOPPING (See Fig. 7)
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, place attachment clutch control
in the “DISENGAGED” position ( ).
F
Fig. 8
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
(See Fig. 9)
(
) ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH SWITCH
“DISENGAGED”
(
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the
forward and reverse drive pedals.
• Start tractor and release parking brake.
• Slowly depress forward (K) or reverse (L) drive pedal to
begin movement. Ground speed increases the further
down the pedal is depressed.
) ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH SWITCH
“ENGAGED”
Fig. 7
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress brake pedal into full
“BRAKE” position.
K
IMPORTANT: FORWARD AND REVERSE DRIVE PEDALS
RETURN TO NEUTRAL POSITION WHEN NOT DEPRESSED.
ENGINE • Move throttle control (D) between half and full speed
(fast) position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control between half and full
speed (fast) position, before stopping may cause engine
to “backfire”.
L
Fig. 9
11
OPERATION
TO OPERATE MOWER (See Fig. 12)
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
(See Fig. 10)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with
the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will
shut off the engine. You must remain fully and centrally
positioned in the seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough,
rolling terrain or hills.
• Select desired height of cut (see "TO ADJUST MOWER
CUTTING HEIGHT")
• Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch
control.
The position of the attachment lift lever (A) determines the
cutting height.
A
TO STOP MOWER BLADES
•
Fig. 10
• Put attachment lift lever in desired cutting height slot.
The cutting height range is approximately 1" to 4". The
heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with
the engine not running. These heights are approximate and
may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of grass
and types of grass being mowed.
• The average lawn should be cut to approximately
2-1/2" during the cool season and to over 3" during hot
months. For healthier and better looking lawns, mow
often and after moderate growth.
• For best cutting performance, grass over 6" in height
should be mowed twice. Make the first cut relatively
high; the second to desired height.
Disengage attachment clutch control.
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher, on
mowers so equipped, or the deflector shield
(S) in place (See Fig. 12).
S
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS (See Fig. 11)
Fig. 12
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when they are slightly
off the ground when mower is at the desired cutting height
in operating position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck
in proper position to help prevent scalping in most terrain
conditions.
NOTE:Adjust gauge wheels with tractor on a flat level
surface.
• Adjust mower to desired cutting height (See “TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT” in the Operation
section of this manual).
• With mower in desired height of cut position, gauge
wheels should be assembled so they are slightly off
the ground. Install gauge wheel in appropriate hole as
shown and tighten securely.
• Repeat for opposite side installing gauge wheel in same
adjustment hole.
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Your tractor is equipped with a Reverse Operation System
(ROS). Any attempt by the operator to travel in the reverse
direction with the attachment clutch engaged will shut off the
engine unless ignition key is placed in the ROS "ON" position.
WARNING: Backing up with the attachment clutch engaged while mowing is strongly discouraged. Turning the
ROS "ON", to allow reverse operation with the attachment
clutch engaged, should only be done when the operator
decides it is necessary to reposition the machine with the
attachment engaged. Do not mow in reverse unless
absolutely necessary.
02828
ROS "ON"
POSITION
Fig. 11
12
ENGINE "ON" POSITION
(NORMAL OPERATING)
OPERATION
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS
USING THE REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM Only use if you are certain no children or other bystanders
will enter the mowing area.
• Depress brake pedal all the way down.
• With engine running, turn ignition key counterclockwise
to ROS "ON" position.
• Look down and behind before and while backing.
• Slowly depress reverse drive pedal to start movement.
• When use of the ROS is no longer needed, turn the
ignition key clockwise to engine "ON" position.
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and
comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with
the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the
factory, already filled with summer weight oil.
• Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.
• Pull up and remove oil fill cap/dipstick; wipe oil off. Reinsert the dipstick into the tube and push down firmly into
place. Remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil
until “FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfill.
• For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in
this manual.
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
CAUTION: Do not drive up or down hills
with slopes greater than 15° and do not
drive across any slope.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down
hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push brake pedal
quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.
To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and
brake pedal.
Slowly depress appropriate drive pedal to slowest setting.
Make all turns slowly.
ADD GASOLINE
•
TO TRANSPORT (See Fig. 13)
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill. Use
fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum
of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase
carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life).
Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities
that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
Whenpushingortowingyourtractor,besuretodisengagetransmission by placing freewheel control in freewheeling position.
Free wheel control is located at the rear drawbar of tractor.
• Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment
lift control.
• Pull freewheel control out and into the slot and release
so it is held in the disengaged position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than two (2) MPH.
• To reengage transmission, reverse above procedure.
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES BELOW
32°F (0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE GASOLINE
TO HELP ENSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER STARTING.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol
or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage
the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To
avoid engine problems, the fuel system should
be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer.
Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use
fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions
for additional information. Never use engine or
carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or
permanent damage may occur.
TRANSMISSION ENGAGED
TRANSMISSION DISENGAGED
Fig. 13
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting
your tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed
and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying
hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
13
OPERATION
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 5)
PURGE TRANSMISSION
When starting the engine for the first time or if the engine
has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move
fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Be sure freewheel control is in the transmission engaged
position.
• Sit on seat in operating position, depress brake pedal
and set parking brake.
• Move attachment clutch to “DISENGAGED” position.
• Move throttle control to choke position.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting
procedures below.
• Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to “START”
position and release key as soon as engine starts. Do not
run starter continuously for more than fifteen seconds
per minute. If the engine does not start after several attempts, move throttle control to fast position, wait a few
minutes and try again. If engine still does not start, move
the throttle control back to the choke position and retry.
CAUTION: Never engage or disengage
freewheel lever while the engine is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance, it is recommended that the transmission be purged before operating
tractor for the first time. This procedure will remove any
trapped air inside the transmission which may have developed during shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT: SHOULD YOUR TRANSMISSION REQUIRE
REMOVAL FOR SERVICE OR REPLACEMENT, IT SHOULD
BE PURGED AFTER REINSTALLATION BEFORE OPERATING
THE TRACTOR.
1. Place tractor safely on a level surface - that is clear
and open - with engine off and parking brake set.
2. Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control
in disengaged position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this
section of manual).
3. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine is running, move throttle control to slow position.
Disengage parking brake
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50°F/10°C and above)
• When engine starts, move the throttle control to the
fast position.
• The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If
the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine
and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke
as described above.
CAUTION: At any time, there may
be movement of the drive wheels.
4. Depress forward drive pedal to full forward position, hold
for five (5) seconds and release pedal. Depress reverse
drive pedal to full reverse position, hold for five (5) seconds
and release pedal. Repeat this procedure three (3) times.
5. Shut- off engine and set parking brake.
6. Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in
engaged position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this section of manual).
7. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine
is running, move throttle control to half (1/2) speed.
Disengage parking brake.
8. Drive tractor forward for approximately five feet then
backwards for five feet. Repeat this driving procedure
three times.
Your transmission is now purged and now ready for normal
operation.
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50°F/10°C and below)
• When engine starts, allow engine to run with the throttle
control in the choke position until the engine runs roughly, then move throttle control to fast position. This may
require an engine warm-up period from several seconds
to several minutes, depending on the temperature.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
• Before driving the unit in cold weather, the transmission
should be warmed up as follows:
• Be sure the tractor is on level ground.
• Release the parking brake and let the brake slowly
return to operating position.
• Allow one minute for transmission to warm up. This
can be done during the engine warm up period.
• The attachments can also be used during the engine warmup period after the transmission has been warmed up.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold
temperatures (below 32° F) the carburetor fuel mixture may
need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See “TO
ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
14
OPERATION
MOWING TIPS
•
•
•
•
•
Tire chains cannot be used when the mower housing
is attached to tractor.
Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing
performance. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in
the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
The left hand side of mower should be used for trimming.
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area
that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of
the tractor. This will result in a more even distribution
of clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right
so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs,
fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow
in the opposite direction making left hand turns until
finished (See Fig. 14).
Fig. 14
•
•
•
•
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to reduce
load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings. Make
first cut relatively high; the second to the desired height.
Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug
mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to
dry before mowing.
Always operate engine at full throttle when mowing to assure better mowing performance and proper
discharge of material. Regulate ground speed by selecting a low enough gear to give the mower cutting
performance as well as the quality of cut desired.
When operating attachments, select a ground speed
that will suit the terrain and give best performance of
the attachment being used.
15
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
BEFORE
EACH
USE
EVERY
8
HOURS
EVERY
25
HOURS
EVERY
50
HOURS
EVERY
100
HOURS
EVERY
SEASON
BEFORE
STORAGE
Check Brake Operation
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Tire Pressure
Check Operator Presence & ROS Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
Check/Replace Mower Blades
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Check Transaxle Cooling
Check Mower Levelness
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)
E
N
G
I
N
E
1,2
Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
LUBRICATION CHART
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
➀SPINDLE
The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that
have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To
receive full value from the warranty, operator must maintain
tractor as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if you should
make any of the adjustments described in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace the spark
plug, clean or replace air filter, and check blades and
belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air filter
assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine
run better and last longer.
•
ZERK
➀FRONT WHEEL
➀FRONT WHEEL
BEARING ZERK
BEARING ZERK
➁ENGINE
BEFORE EACH USE
•
•
•
•
➀SPINDLE
ZERK
01964
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
ROS systems for proper operation.
Check for loose fasteners.
➀GENERAL PURPOSE GREASE
➁REFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OIL OR GREASE THE PIVOT POINTS WHICH
HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS. VISCOUS LUBRICANTS WILL
ATTRACT DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL SHORTEN THE LIFE OF
THE SELF-LUBRICATING BEARINGS. IF YOU FEEL THEY MUST
BE LUBRICATED, USE ONLY A DRY, POWDERED GRAPHITE TYPE
LUBRICANT SPARINGLY.
16
MAINTENANCE
TRACTOR
BLADE CARE
Always observe safety rules when per form ing any
maintenance.
For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Replace
bent or damaged blades.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to stop at highest
speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or paved
surface, then brake must be checked and adjusted. (See
“TO CHECK BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
CAUTION: Use only a replacement blade approved by the manufacturer of your tractor.
Using a blade not approved by the manufacturer of your tractor is hazardous, could
damage your tractor and void your warranty.
BLADE REMOVAL (See Fig. 16)
TIRES
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See the sides
of tires for proper PSI).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control
chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and
other hazards that may cause tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due
to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your
local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot
and corrosion.
• Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
• Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
• Install new or resharpened blade with stamped "THIS
SIDE UP" facing deck and mandrel assembly.
IMPORTANT: TO ENSURE PROPER ASSEMBLY, CENTER HOLE
IN BLADE MUST ALIGN WITH STAR ON MANDREL ASSEMBLY.
•
IMPORTANT: SPECIAL BLADE BOLT HEAT TREATED.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM AND REVERSE
OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS) (See Fig. 15)
Be sure operator presence and reverse operation systems
are working properly. If your tractor does not function as
described, repair the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless the brake pedal is
fully depressed, and the attachment clutch control is
in the disengaged position.
MANDREL ASSEMBLY
BLADE
BLADE BOLT
(SPECIAL)
CHECK OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
• When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the parking brake
should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the attachment clutch
is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the
seat should shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless
the operator is in the seat.
STAR
CENTER HOLE
Fig. 16
BATTERY
Your tractor has a battery charging system which is sufficient
for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery
with an automotive charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Keep small vent holes open.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps or covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte is not necessary.
CHECK REVERSE OPERATION (ROS) SYSTEM
• When the engine is running with the ignition switch in
the engine "ON" position and the attachment clutch
engaged, any attempt by the operator to shift into
reverse should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running with the ignition switch
in the ROS "ON" position and the attachment clutch
engaged, any attempt by the operator to shift into
reverse should NOT shut off the engine.
02828
ROS "ON"
POSITION
Install and tighten blade bolt securely (45-55 Ft. Lbs.
torque).
ENGINE "ON" POSITION
(NORMAL OPERATING)
Fig. 15
17
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause
the battery to “leak” power.
• Raise seat/hood.
• Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery cable and remove battery from tractor.
• Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
• Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush
until bright.
• Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
• Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING BATTERY" in the
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this manual).
MAINTENANCE
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Fig. 17)
TRANSAXLE MAINTENANCE
Determine temperature range expected before oil change.
All oil must meet API service classification SG-SL.
• Be sure tractor is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
• Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt
to enter the engine when changing oil.
• Remove yellow cap from end of drain valve and install
the drain tube onto the fitting.
• Unlock drain valve by pushing inward and turning
counterclockwise.
• To open, pull out on the drain valve.
The transmission fan and cooling fins should be kept clean
to assure proper cooling.
Do not attempt to clean fan or transmission while engine
is running or while the transmission is hot. To prevent possible damage to seals, do not use high pressure water or
steam to clean transmission.
• Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades are intact and
clean.
• Inspect cooling fins for dirt, grass clippings and other
materials. To prevent damage to seals, do not use
compressed air or high pressure sprayer to clean
cooling fins.
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
The transaxle was sealed at the factory and fluid maintenance is not required for the life of the transaxle. Should
the transaxle ever leak or require servicing, contact your
nearest authorized service center/department.
OIL DRAIN VALVE
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours
of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not
adjustable. Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.
CLOSED
AND
LOCKED
POSITION
ENGINE
46
02
YELLOW
CAP
LUBRICATION
DRAIN
TUBE
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating temperature.
Fig. 17
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
•
10W30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
32
0
40
20
•
100
80
60
10
3
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
•
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least
once a year if the tractor is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of operation.
•
18
After oil has drained completely, close and lock the
drain valve by pushing inward and turning clockwise
until the pin is in the locked position as shown.
Remove the drain tube and replace the cap onto to the
bottom fitting of the drain valve.
Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour
slowly. Do not overfill. For approximate capacity
see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual.
Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for checking level.
For accurate reading, insert dipstick into the tube
and push down firmly into place before removing.
Keep oil up to, but not over, the “FULL” line on dipstick. Push dipstick down firmly into the tube when
finished.
MAINTENANCE
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER (See Fig. 19)
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 18)
The fuel filter should be replaced once each season. If fuel
filter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor,
replacement is required.
• With engine cool, remove filter and plug fuel line sections.
• Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line with arrow
pointing towards carburetor.
• Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are
properly positioned.
• Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
Debris may clog the engine's air cooling system. Remove
blower housing and clean the area shown to prevent overheating and engine damage.
AIR SCREEN
CLEAN OUT CHAFF AND DEBRIS
CLAMP
CLAMP
00667
FUEL FILTER
02744
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
AIR FILTER
CLEANING
Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air filter.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions.
See Engine Manual.
•
•
Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc. of all foreign matter.
Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden hose or pressure
washer to clean your tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water in engine or
transmission will shorten the useful life of your tractor. Use
compressed air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves
and trash from tractor and mower.
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent
engine damage from overheating. Clean with a wire brush or
compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum fibers.
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and spark arrester (if
equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUGS
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing
season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever
occurs first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
19
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
• Depress brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
• Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
•
•
•
Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with
plug.
TO REMOVE MOWER (See Fig. 20)
•
•
•
•
•
•
TO INSTALL MOWER (See Figs. 20-25)
Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest position.
Remove mower belt from electric clutch pulley (M).
Disconnect front link (E) from mower - remove retainer
spring and washer.
Go to either side of mower and disconnect mower
suspension arm (A) from chassis and rear lift link (C)
from rear mower bracket (D) - remove retainer springs
and washers.
Go to other side of mower and disconnect the suspension arm and rear lift link.
Be sure tractor is on level surface and engage parking
brake.
• Lower attachment lift lever to it's lowest position.
CAUTION: Lift lever is spring loaded.
Have a tight grip on lift lever, lower it
slowly and engage in lowest position.
NOTE: Be sure mower side suspension arms (A) are pointing forward before sliding mower under tractor.
• Slide mower under tractor until it is centered under
tractor.
CAUTION: After rear lift links are disconnected, the attachment lift lever
will be spring loaded. Have a tight grip
on lift lever when changing position of
the lever.
•
Slide mower out from under right side of tractor.
B
A
C
D
Fig. 20
20
F
E
M
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
•
•
ATTACH MOWER SIDE SUSPENSION ARMS (A) TO
CHASSIS - Position hole in arm over pin (B) on outside
of tractor chassis and secure with retainer spring.
Repeat on opposite side of tractor.
•
•
ATTACH FRONT LINK (E) - Work from left side of tractor. Insert rod end of link assembly through front hole
in tractor front suspension bracket (F).
Insert end of link (E) into hole in front mower bracket
(H) and secure with washer and retainer spring (J).
A
E
B
J
F
Fig. 21
•
•
H
ATTACH REAR LIFT LINKS (C) - Lift rear corner of
mower and position slot in link assembly over pin on
rear mower bracket (D) and secure with washer and
retainer spring.
Repeat on opposite side of tractor.
Fig. 23
•
Install belt onto electric clutch pulley (M).
M
C
D
Fig. 24
IMPORTANT: CHECK BELT FOR PROPER ROUTING
IN ALL MOWER PULLEY GROOVES.
• Raise attachment lift lever to highest position.
• If necessary, adjust gauge wheels before operating
mower as shown in the Operation section of this manual.
Fig. 22
B
A
C
D
Fig. 25
21
F
E
M
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO LEVEL MOWER
•
If adjustment is necessary, see steps in Visual Adjustment instructions above.
• Recheck measurements, adjust if necessary until both
sides are equal.
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 28 & 29)
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-to-side.
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower blades should
be adjusted so the front tip is 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the
rear tip when the mower is in its highest position.
Make sure tires are properly inflated to the PSI shown on
tires. If tires are over or under inflated, it may affect the
appearance of your lawn and lead you to think the mower
is not adjusted properly.
VISUAL SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 26)
• With all tires properly inflated and if your lawn appears
unevenly cut, determine which side of mower is cutting
lower.
NOTE: As desired, you can raise the low side of mower
or lower the high side.
• Go to side of mower you wish to adjust.
• With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn lift link adjustment nut (A) to the left to lower the mower, or, to the
right to raise the mower.
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap
blade with heavy cloth.
•
•
A
B
•
•
Turn nut left
to lower mower
Turn nut right
to raise mower
Raise mower to highest position.
Position any blade so the tip is pointing straight forward.
Measure distance (B) to the ground at front and rear tip
of the blade.
•
Fig. 26
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower
height about 3/16".
• Test your adjustment by mowing some uncut grass
and visually checking the appearance. Readjust, if
necessary, until you are satisfied with the results.
PRECISION SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 27)
• With all tires properly inflated, park tractor on level
ground or driveway.
B
Fig. 28
If front tip of blade is not 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear
tip, go to the front of tractor.
With an 11/16" or adjustable wrench, loosen jam nut A
several turns to clear adjustment nut B.
With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn front link adjustment
nut (B) clockwise (ltighten) to raise the front of mower,
or, counterclockwise (loosen) to lower the front mower.
B
A
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap
blade with heavy cloth.
•
•
LOOSEN JAM NUT A FIRST
Fig. 29
NOTE: Each full turn of the adjustment nut will change
mower height about 1/8".
• Recheck measurements, adjust if necessary until front
tip of blade is 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear tip.
• Hold adjustment nut in position with wrench and tighten
jam nut securely against adjustment nut.
02966
A
LOOSEN
ADJUST NUT
B TO LOWER
MOWER
TIGHTEN ADJUST
NUT B TO RAISE
MOWER
02950
Raise mower to its highest position.
At both sides of mower, position blade at side and
measure the distance (A) from bottom edge of blade
to the ground. The distance should be the same on
both sides.
A
Fig. 27
22
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 31)
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 30)
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on
bottom side of left footrest.
MOWER DRIVE BELT REMOVAL
• Park tractor on a level surface. Engage parking
brake.
• Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest position.
• Remove any dirt or grass clippings which may have
accumulated around mandrels and entire upper deck
surface.
• Remove belt from electric clutch pulley (M), both mandrel pulleys (R) and all idler pulleys (V).
BELT REMOVAL 1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” section
in this manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all
belt guides and keepers.
2. Disconnect clutch wire harness (A).
3. Remove anti-rotation link (B) on right side of tractor.
4. Remove belt from stationary idler (C) and clutching
idler (D).
5. Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor. Carefully remove
belt upwards from transmission input pulley and over
cooling fan blades (F).
6. Remove belt downward from engine pulley and
around electric clutch (G).
7. Slide belt toward rear of tractor, off the steering plate
(H) and remove from tractor.
MOWER DRIVE BELT INSTALLATION
• Install belt around all mandrel pulleys (R) and around
idler pulleys (V) as shown.
• Install belt onto electric clutch pulley (M).
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower
pulley grooves.
• Raise attachment lift lever to highest position.
V
M
G
R
H
B
A
R
C
J
D
Fig. 30
TO CHECK BRAKE
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to stop at highest
speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or paved
surface, then brake must be serviced.
You may also check brake by:
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface,
depress brake pedal all the way down and engage
parking brake.
2. Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control
in “transmission disengaged” position. Pull freewheel
control out and into the slot and release so it is held in
the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually
push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, then the
brake needs to be serviced. Contact a qualified service center.
F
Fig. 31
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Install new belt from tractor rear to front, over the steering plate (H) and above clutch brake pedal shaft (J).
2. Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll belt around
electric clutch and onto engine pulley (G).
3. Pull belt toward rear of tractor. Carefully work belt
down around transmission cooling fan and onto the
input pulley (F). Be sure belt is inside the belt keeper.
23
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY
(See Fig. 33)
4. Install belt through stationary idler (C) and clutching
idler (D).
5. Reinstall anti-rotation link (B) on right side of tractor.
Tighten securely.
6. Reconnect clutch harness (A).
7. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all
belt guides and keepers.
8- Install mower (See “TO INSTALL MOWER” section in
this manual).
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate
explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame and
smoking materials away from batteries.
Always wear eye protection when around
batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be
recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting, follow
this procedure:
TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right)
when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly
section of this manual.
IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12
VOLT SYSTEM. THE OTHER VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12
VOLT SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO
START OTHER VEHICLES.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES • Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE
(+) terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to
short against tractor chassis.
• Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE
(-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.
• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good
chassis ground, away from fuel tank and battery.
Your new tractor front wheel toe-in and camber is set at the
factory and is normal. The front wheel toe-in and camber
are not adjustable. If damage has occurred to affect the
factory set front wheel toe-in or camber, contact a qualified
service center.
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
(See Fig. 32)
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER • BLACK cable first from chassis and then from the fully
charged battery.
• RED cable last from both batteries.
•
•
Block up axle securely.
Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow
wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do
not lose).
• Repair tire and reassemble.
• On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub
and axle. Insert square key.
• Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in
axle groove.
• Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due to
slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local
parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion.
WEAK OR
DEAD BATTERY
Fig. 33
REPLACING BATTERY (See Fig. 34)
WASHERS
WARNING: Do not short battery terminals by allowing a wrench or any other
object to contact both terminals at the
same time. Before connecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch
bands, rings, etc. Positive terminal
must be connected first to prevent
sparking from accidental grounding.
RETAINING
RING
AXLE
COVER
SQUARE KEY
(REAR WHEEL ONLY)
FULLY CHARGED
BATTERY
3
0066
Fig. 32
•
•
•
24
Lift seat pan to raised position.
Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery
cable and carefully remove battery from tractor.
Install new battery with terminals in same position as
old battery.
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
(See Fig. 35)
SEAT PAN
•
•
•
•
Raise hood.
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward
engine and lift off of tractor.
To replace, reverse above procedure.
02602
TERMINAL
COVER
HOOD
NUT
BOLT
POSITIVE
(RED)
CABLE
HEADLIGHT
WIRE
CONNECTOR
NEGATIVE
(BLACK)
CABLE
02603
Fig. 34
•
•
•
03074
First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) terminal
with bolt and nut as shown. Tighten securely. Slide
terminal cover over terminal.
Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) terminal with remaining bolt and nut. Tighten securely.
Lower seat pan.
Fig. 35
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
•
•
•
•
TRANSMISSION
Raise hood.
Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the
grill.
Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely
back into the hole in the backside of the grill.
Close hood.
REMOVAL/REPLACEMENT
Should your transmission require removal for service or
replacement, it should be purged after reinstallation and
before operating the tractor. See “PURGE TRANSMISSION”
in the Operation section of this manual.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
ENGINE
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run
poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring diagram in the Repair
Parts section.
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at the factory and
adjustment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary, see engine manual.
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The
fuse holder is located behind the dash.
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL
The choke control has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary,
see engne manual.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your engine does not
operate properly due to suspected carburetor problems,
take your tractor to an authorized service center for repair
and/or adjustment.
25
STORAGE
ENGINE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end
of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days
or more.
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS
FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH
AS CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK
DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT
ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING
ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH
LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM
OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.
WARNING: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
•
Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage.
Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container.
Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to
allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty
the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower
is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.
• Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
• Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this
manual.
• Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary.
• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of
this manual).
BATTERY
•
•
•
•
•
CYLINDER(S)
Fully charge the battery for storage.
After a period of time in storage, battery may require
recharging.
To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during
long periods of storage, battery cables should be disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place
cables where they cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not
store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.
•
•
•
•
Remove spark plug(s).
Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into
cylinder(s).
Turn ignition key to “START” position for a few seconds
to distribute oil.
Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
•
•
•
•
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to
give protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE ENGINE AND
EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.
26
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Will not start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Out of fuel.
Engine not “CHOKED” properly.
Engine flooded.
Bad spark plug.
Dirty air filter.
Dirty fuel filter.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
8.
9.
10.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
10.
Fill fuel tank.
See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.
Wait several minutes before attempting to start.
Replace spark plug.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
8.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine will not turn over
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Brake pedal not depressed.
Attachment clutch is engaged.
Weak or dead battery.
Blown fuse.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
Faulty operator presence switch(es).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Depress brake pedal.
Disengage attachment clutch.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuse.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace ignition switch.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine clicks but will not
start
1.
2.
3.
4.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Loss of power
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Cutting too much grass/too fast.
Throttle in “CHOKE” position.
Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under mower.
Dirty air filter.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Faulty spark plug.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Raise cutting height/reduce speed.
Adjust throttle control.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Clean/replace air filter.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean and regap or change spark plug.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean engine air screen/fins.
Clean/replace muffler.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Hard to start
Excessive vibration
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Spark plug wire loose.
Dirty engine air screen/fins.
Dirty/clogged muffler.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
15.
1.
2.
3.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Bent blade mandrel.
Loose/damaged part(s).
1.
2.
3.
27
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Replace blade mandrel.
Tighten loose part(s). Replace damaged parts.
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Engine continues to run
when operator leaves seat
with attachment clutch
engaged
1.
Faulty operator-safety presence control system.
1.
Check wiring, switches and connections. If not
corrected, contact an authorized service center/
department.
Poor cut - uneven
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Mower deck not level.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and trash under mower.
Bent blade mandrel.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Level mower deck.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Replace blade mandrel.
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
Mower blades will not
rotate
1.
2.
3.
4.
Obstruction in clutch mechanism.
Worn/damaged mower drive belt.
Frozen idler pulley.
Frozen blade mandrel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove obstruction.
Replace mower drive belt.
Replace idler pulley.
Replace blade mandrel.
Poor grass discharge
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Engine speed too slow.
Travel speed too fast.
Wet grass.
Mower deck not level.
Low/uneven tire air pressure.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower.
Mower drive belt worn.
Blades improperly installed.
Improper blades used.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
Shift to slower speed.
Allow grass to dry before mowing.
Level mower deck.
Check tires for proper air pressure.
Replace/sharpen blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Replace mower drive belt.
Reinstall blades sharp edge down.
Replace with blades listed in this manual.
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
Headlight(s) not working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Light switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn light switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
Battery will not charge
1.
2.
3.
4.
Bad battery cell(s).
Poor cable connections.
Faulty regulator (if so equipped).
Faulty alternator.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Replace battery.
Check/clean all connections.
Replace regulator.
Replace alternator.
Loss of drive
1.
2.
3.
Freewheel control in “disengaged” position.
Motion drive belt worn, damaged, or broken.
Air trapped in transmission during shipment
or servicing.
1.
2.
3.
Place freewheel control in “engaged” position.
Replace motion drive belt.
Purge transmission.
Engine “backfires” when
turning engine “OFF”
1.
Engine throttle control not set between half and
full speed (fast) position before stopping engine.
1.
Move throttle control between half and full speed
(fast) position before stopping engine.
28
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
FOL
DA
L
O
NG D
THIS
O
I
T
S
T
A
E
D LIN
1
5
DEG
E
RE
E
S
LOP
E
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
15 DEGREES MAX.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
29
SERVICE NOTES
30
SERVICE NOTES
31
Jonsered Motor AB,
S-433 81 Partille, Sweden.
532 42 71-56 02.12.09 BAD
Printed in the U.S.A.