GigE Vision Area Scan Camera
™
CA-GENM-CUM00
www.imaging.com
Genie Color
Series
Camera User’s Manual
Genie Framework 1.31
C640
C1024
C1400
C1410
C1600
© 2008 DALSA
All information provided in this manual is believed to be accurate and reliable. No responsibility is assumed by
DALSA for its use. DALSA reserves the right to make changes to this information without notice. Reproduction of
this manual in whole or in part, by any means, is prohibited without prior permission having been obtained from
DALSA.
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other
countries. Windows, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
All other trademarks or intellectual property mentioned herein belong to their respective owners.
Document Date: February 29, 2008
Document Number: CA-GENM-CUM00
*CA-GENM-CUM00*
About DALSA
DALSA is an international high performance semiconductor and electronics company that designs, develops,
manufactures, and markets digital imaging products and solutions, in addition to providing wafer foundry services.
DALSA Digital Imaging offers the widest range of machine vision components in the world. From industry-leading
image sensors through powerful and sophisticated cameras, frame grabbers, vision processors and software to easyto-use vision appliances and custom vision modules.
DALSA is a public company listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol “DSA”.
Based in Waterloo, ON, Canada, the company has operations in Montreal, QC; Bromont, QC; Colorado Springs,
CO; Eindhoven, NL; Munich, Germany and Tokyo, Japan.
Contents
GENIE COLOR SERIES OVERVIEW......................................................................................................5
DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................5
Genie Application Advantages..........................................................................................................6
PRODUCT PART NUMBERS ........................................................................................................................7
CAMERA PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................8
Certifications.....................................................................................................................................9
Vibration and Shock Certifications...................................................................................................9
SUPPORTED INDUSTRY STANDARDS ..........................................................................................................9
GENIE SENSOR OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................................9
Genie C640-1/2 Specifications .......................................................................................................10
Genie C640-1/3 Specifications .......................................................................................................11
Genie C1024-1/3 Specifications .....................................................................................................12
Genie C1400-1/2 Specifications .....................................................................................................13
Genie C1410-2/3 Specifications .....................................................................................................14
Genie C1600-1/1.8 Specifications ..................................................................................................15
APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT OVERVIEW ...............................................................................................16
Sapera LT Library with optional Processing..................................................................................16
GigE Vision Compliant Environment .............................................................................................16
INSTALLING THE GENIE CAMERA....................................................................................................17
WARNING! (GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS)...............................................................................................17
GIGE NETWORK ADAPTER GUIDELINE ...................................................................................................17
Supported Network Configurations ................................................................................................17
INSTALLATION OVERVIEW & PREPARATIONS .........................................................................................18
Network and Computer Overview...................................................................................................18
Installation Overview......................................................................................................................19
SAPERA LT LIBRARY INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................19
GENIE CD PACKAGE INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................20
Procedure........................................................................................................................................20
GigE Server Verification.................................................................................................................20
CONNECT THE GENIE CAMERA ...............................................................................................................21
Connectors ......................................................................................................................................21
Status LED Codes ...........................................................................................................................22
Typical LED States on Power Up............................................................................................................ 23
Genie IP Configuration Sequence ..................................................................................................23
GigE Server Status..........................................................................................................................23
OPTIMIZING THE NETWORK ADAPTER USED WITH GENIE .......................................................................24
Increasing Adapter Buffers and Jumbo Frames .............................................................................24
Select NIC Advanced Configuration Properties...................................................................................... 24
Receive Descriptors ................................................................................................................................ 25
Jumbo Frames......................................................................................................................................... 25
Running the Network Configuration Tool.......................................................................................26
UPDATING GENIE FIRMWARE..................................................................................................................27
QUICK TEST WITH CAMEXPERT ..............................................................................................................29
About the User-Defined Camera Name ..........................................................................................30
OPERATIONAL REFERENCE................................................................................................................31
CAMERA AND SENSOR INFORMATION .....................................................................................................31
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Contents • 1
Access Via CamExpert....................................................................................................................31
Power-up Configuration .................................................................................................................32
Power-up Parameter List ........................................................................................................................ 33
Power-up Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications............................................. 33
Camera Information via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications................................34
SENSOR CONTROLS .................................................................................................................................35
Sensor Parameters: Controls Via CamExpert ................................................................................35
Color Calibration............................................................................................................................36
Gain and Black Level Controls.......................................................................................................37
Gain and Offset Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications..........................38
Partial Scan—Window ROI ............................................................................................................39
Window ROI Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications...............................41
CamExpert Image Buffer and ROI Parameters ..............................................................................41
TRIGGER MODES .....................................................................................................................................42
EXPOSURE CONTROLS .............................................................................................................................43
Free-running Programmable Exposure..........................................................................................43
External Trigger Programmable Exposure ....................................................................................44
External Trigger Level-controlled Exposure ..................................................................................45
Exposure Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications...................................46
SYNCHRONIZATION TIMING ....................................................................................................................47
Synchronous Mode..........................................................................................................................47
Reset Mode......................................................................................................................................48
Synchronization Mode via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications.............................48
CAMEXPERT I/O CONTROLS DIALOG .....................................................................................................49
GENERAL INPUTS ....................................................................................................................................50
External Input Signal Opto-coupler & Debounce Circuit ..............................................................50
General Inputs: Settings Via CamExpert........................................................................................50
Input Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications .........................................51
STROBE AND GENERAL OUTPUTS............................................................................................................51
General Outputs: Settings via CamExpert......................................................................................52
Open and Close Output Settings ............................................................................................................. 52
Strobe On Start of Exposure Event Mode................................................................................................ 53
Pulse On Valid Trigger Event Mode ....................................................................................................... 53
Pulse On Invalid Trigger Event Mode..................................................................................................... 54
Pulse On Start of Readout Event Mode................................................................................................... 54
Pulse On End of Readout Event Mode .................................................................................................... 55
Pulse On End of Acquisition Event Mode ............................................................................................... 55
Pulse On Input 1 or Input 2 Event Modes ............................................................................................... 56
Output Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications ........................................56
GENIE PROCESSING FEATURES................................................................................................................57
Lookup Table (LUT) .......................................................................................................................57
LUT Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications ............................................58
Flat Field (Image Shading) Correction ..........................................................................................58
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure ......................................................................................... 58
Using Flat Field Correction.................................................................................................................... 60
Flat Field Correction Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications.................60
Internal Image Test Patterns ..........................................................................................................61
Test Image Select via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications.....................................62
EVENTS ...................................................................................................................................................63
Sapera Callbacks ............................................................................................................................63
Event Selection via GigE Vision Compliant Applications ..............................................................63
NETWORK CONTROLS & GIGE VISION PARAMETERS .............................................................................64
CamExpert GigE Vision Parameters ..............................................................................................64
Network Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications ....................................65
SAPERA SUPPORTED FEATURES LIST ......................................................................................................66
Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT ..........................................................................................66
2 • Contents
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Feature Type STRING.....................................................................................................................66
Feature Type ENUM.......................................................................................................................67
Feature Type INT32........................................................................................................................69
Feature Type BOOL........................................................................................................................70
Feature Interdependence Diagrams ...............................................................................................70
Trigger Enable - TRUE ........................................................................................................................... 71
Trigger Enable - FALSE ......................................................................................................................... 71
Output Selector........................................................................................................................................ 72
Pixel Format ........................................................................................................................................... 72
Network Configuration Mode.................................................................................................................. 72
ROI Management .................................................................................................................................... 73
NETWORK OVERVIEW & TOOLS.......................................................................................................75
USING GENIE WITH ETHERNET SWITCHES ...............................................................................................75
USING GENIE WITH A VLAN ETHERNET SWITCH ...................................................................................75
IP CONFIGURATION MODE DETAILS .......................................................................................................75
Link-Local Address (LLA)...............................................................................................................76
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).............................................................................76
Persistent IP....................................................................................................................................77
NETWORK CONFIGURATION TOOL ..........................................................................................................78
Quick Genie Network Configuration ..............................................................................................78
System Information and Configuration...........................................................................................79
Network Card Information and Configuration ...............................................................................80
Recovering a Camera with an Unknown Persistent IP...................................................................81
Creating a Status Report.................................................................................................................83
SAPERA GIGE SERVER DETAILS .............................................................................................................83
SAPERA CAMEXPERT GUIDE ..............................................................................................................85
USING CAMEXPERT WITH GENIE COLOR CAMERAS ................................................................................85
CamExpert Panes............................................................................................................................86
CamExpert LUT Controls ...............................................................................................................87
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................................................89
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS ...............................................................................................................89
Genie 3D View with C-mount and CS-mount .................................................................................89
Genie C-mount and CS-mount Mechanical Specifications.............................................................90
Genie 3D View with Right-angle C-mount and CS-mount..............................................................91
Genie Right-angle C-mount and CS-mount Mechanical Specifications .........................................92
Additional Notes on Genie Mechanical ..........................................................................................93
CONNECTORS ..........................................................................................................................................93
12-Pin Hirose Connector Signal Details ........................................................................................93
Genie Signal Electrical Details.......................................................................................................94
External Inputs ........................................................................................................................................ 94
External Outputs ..................................................................................................................................... 96
RJ45 LAN Ethernet Connector Details ...........................................................................................97
CAMERA STATUS LED............................................................................................................................97
OPTICAL CONSIDERATIONS .....................................................................................................................98
Illumination.....................................................................................................................................98
Light Sources ..................................................................................................................................98
Filters..............................................................................................................................................98
Lens Modeling.................................................................................................................................99
Magnification and Resolution.........................................................................................................99
SENSOR HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS .......................................................................................................100
Electrostatic Discharge and the CCD Sensor...............................................................................100
Protecting Against Dust, Oil and Scratches .................................................................................100
Cleaning the Sensor Window ........................................................................................................101
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Contents • 3
Environment..................................................................................................................................101
RUGGEDIZED RJ45 ETHERNET CABLES ................................................................................................102
C/CS-MOUNT NIR AND UV FILTER .....................................................................................................103
Back Focal Variance when using a Filter ....................................................................................104
COMPUTER REQUIREMENTS FOR GENIE CAMERAS................................................................................105
Host PC System.............................................................................................................................105
Ethernet Switch Requirements ......................................................................................................105
Ethernet to Fiber-Optic Interface Requirements ..........................................................................105
EC & FCC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY .........................................................................................106
TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................................................................107
OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................................107
Problem Type Summary................................................................................................................107
Verifying Network Parameters......................................................................................................109
Before Contacting Technical Support ................................................................................................... 109
INSTALLATION ISSUES AND FUNCTIONAL PROBLEMS............................................................................110
GigE Server Warning Example 1a: IP error with multiple NICs .................................................110
GigE Server Warning Example 1b: IP error with multiple NICs .................................................111
GigE Server Warning Example 2: Subnet Mask or IP error ........................................................112
GigE Server Warning Example 3: Filter Driver (CorSnid) Disabled ..........................................112
DEVICE AVAILABLE WITH OPERATIONAL ISSUES ..................................................................................113
Firmware Updates ........................................................................................................................113
Power Failure During a Firmware Update–Now What? .............................................................114
Cabling and Communication Issues .............................................................................................114
Acquisition Error with a Timeout Message ..................................................................................115
Disabling Windows Firewall................................................................................................................. 115
Acquisition Error without Timeout Messages...............................................................................117
No camera exposure when expected...................................................................................................... 117
Camera is functional but frame rate is lower than expected ................................................................. 117
Camera is functional, frame rate is as expected, but image is black..................................................... 117
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise ..........................................................................................117
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 1 .................................................................................... 118
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 2 .................................................................................... 118
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 3 .................................................................................... 118
Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues..................................................................................119
Configuration Recommendations with Laptops..................................................................................... 119
Problems with Disconnecting NICs ..............................................................................................119
Ethernet Switch Issues ..................................................................................................................120
DALSA CONTACT INFORMATION....................................................................................................121
GENIE SALES INFORMATION .................................................................................................................121
GENIE TECHNICAL SUPPORT .................................................................................................................122
GLOSSARY OF TERMS .........................................................................................................................123
INDEX........................................................................................................................................................127
4 • Contents
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview
Description
The Genie color camera family form a series of affordable, easy to use digital cameras specifically engineered for
industrial imaging applications. Genie cameras combine standard gigabit Ethernet technology with the DALSA
Trigger-to-Image-Reliability framework to dependably capture and transfer images from the camera to the host PC.
All Genie cameras are supported by DALSA Sapera™ LT software libraries featuring CamExpert for simplified
camera set-up and configuration. Sapera LT is field proven in thousands of robust industrial applications. Hardware
independent, Sapera LT delivers the same reliable performance regardless of the image acquisition device being
used. This unique feature allows OEM’s to start using the Genie without re-writing applications developed for
DALSA frame grabbers. In addition, Sapera LT includes powerful diagnostics and setup utilities for application
development, custom camera configurations and system deployment.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview • 5
Genie Application Advantages
•
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Available in a number of resolutions
Compact, rugged design
GigE Vision 1.0 compliant
Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) interconnection to a computer via standard CAT5e or CAT6 cables
Connection to the host computer NIC through a GigE network switch
Available in variety of resolutions
Lookup table pre-processing
Real-time shading correction (i.e. Flat Field processing)
Supports several trigger modes for image capture control
2 opto-isolated inputs
2 opto-isolated outputs
Native Trigger-to-Image Reliability design framework
Visual status LEDs on camera back plate
1µs internal timer to timestamp images and events
Supported by Sapera™ LT software libraries
6 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Product Part Numbers
This manual covers the color Genie models summarized below. See "Camera Performance Specifications" on page
8 for each Genie model.
fps
Product Number
Camera
Sensor Size
Resolution
Pixel size (µm)
Genie C640-1/2
1/2 in
640 x 480
9.9 x 9.9
64
CR-GEN0-C640x
Genie C640-1/3
1/3 in
640 x 480
7.4 x 7.4
64
CR-GEN3-C640x
Genie C1024
1/3 in
1024 x 768
4.65 x 4.65
20
CR-GEN0-C102x
Genie C1400-1/2
1/2 in
1360 x 1024
4.65 x 4.65
15
CR-GEN0-C140x
Genie C1410-2/3
2/3 in
1360 x 1024
6.45 x 6.45
21.9
CR-GEN3-C141x
Genie C1600
1/1.8 in
1600 x 1200
4.40 x 4.40
12
CR-GEN0-C160x
(full frame)
Lens Mount Option
The last digit of the Genie product number defines the mechanical lens mount.
(see Mechanical Specifications)
C-Mount = 0
CS-Mount = 1
C-Mount downward right angle = 2
CS-Mount downward right angle = 3
Software
Product Number
Genie Framework composed of the Sapera network Imaging Package, Genie Imaging
Driver and latest Genie Firmware. Required installation.
Included with Genie distribution
CD
Sapera Runtime including CamExpert
Included and installed if desired
GenICam™ support (XML camera description file)
Embedded within Genie
Sapera LT version 6.00 or later (sold separately):
OC-SL00-0000000
Provides everything you will need to develop imaging applications
Sapera documentation in compiled HTML help, and Adobe Acrobat® (PDF) formats
Sapera Processing Imaging Development Library (sold separately):
Includes over 600 optimized image processing routines.
Contact Sales at
DALSA
Genie Cables & Accessories (sold separately)
Product number
Genie I/O and Power breakout cable (Hirose to Euroconnector)
CR-GENC-IOP00
Tripod mount bracket (mount to Genie top or bottom—provides ¼-20 socket)
CA-GENA-BRA00
Industrial type CAT 6 cable assembly:
Molded shroud with top/bottom thumbscrews on one end with standard Ethernet RJ45
clip on other. Available in various lengths.
See "Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables" on page 102.
C-mount NIR/UV filter available from Midwest Optical Systems.
See "C/CS-Mount NIR and UV Filter" on page 103.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
CA-GENL-BP550
Genie Color Series Overview • 7
Camera Performance Specifications
Specifications for each available sensor are listed after the general Genie camera specifications.
Camera Controls
Synchronization Modes
Free running and Triggered
Synchronous and Reset mode
Software trigger (through Ethernet)
Exposure Modes
Programmable (1µs granularity, minimum (see sensor data) – maximum 4s)
Pulse controlled
Trigger Input
Opto-isolated, 2V to 12V typical, 2mA min.
Debounce range from 1 µs up to 255 µs
Strobe Output
Output opto-isolated: Aligned to the start of exposure with a programmable delay,
duration and polarity
Features
LUT
3x8-bit (RGB)
Flat Field Correction
Real-time on camera
Timestamp
1µs internal timer to timestamp images and events
Test image
Internal pattern generator
User settings
Select factory default or one user camera configuration
Optical Interface
Back Focal Distance—C-Mount
17.52 mm
Back Focal Distance—CS-Mount
12.52 mm
Mechanical Interface
Camera Size
29(H) x 44(W) x 67(L) in mm, ( see Mechanical Specifications )
Mass
< 125g (no lens)
Power connector
12 pin male Hirose
Ethernet connector
RJ45
Electrical Interface
Input Voltage
+11 to +13 Volts DC, ( over voltage–reverse voltage protected )
Power Dissipation
< 4W
Operating Temperature
0 to 45°C (at front plate)
Output Data Configuration
Gigabit Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)
Data and Control
GigE Vision compliant at 1000 or 100 Mbps
8 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Certifications
CE
EN55022, class A,
EN61000-4-2,
EN61000-4-3,
EN61000-4-4,
EN61000-4-6,
ENV50204, 1995
FCC
Part 15, class A
Radio Disturbance Characteristics
Electrostatic discharge immunity test
Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test
Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields
see "EC & FCC Declaration of Conformity" on page 106
RoHS
Compliancy as per European directive 2002/95/EC
(applies to camera part numbers CR-GENx-xxxxx)
Vibration and Shock Certifications
Test (while operating)
Standard
Description
Sinusoidal vibrations with identification
of critical frequencies
IEC 68-2-6 (1995)
Test Fc
Frequency range: 10 to 2000 Hz
Amplitude: 5 m/s2
Sweep rate: 1 octave per minute
Duration: 1 sweep cycle (to and fro)
Random vibrations
MIL-STD-810E (1989)
method 514.4
Category 10
Levels and frequencies:
0.04 g2/Hz from 20 to 1000 Hz
-6 dB/oct. from 1000 to 2000 Hz
Duration: 1 hour
Shocks
IEC 68-2-27 (1987)
Test Ea and guide
Shape: half-sine
Amplitude: 75 g
Duration: 3 ms
Number: 3 shocks (+) and 3 shocks (-)
Supported Industry Standards
Genie cameras are 100% compliant with the GigE Vision 1.0 specification
which defines the communication interface protocol used by any GigE
Vision device. The device description and capabilities are contained in an
XML file. For more information see:
http://www.machinevisiononline.org/public/articles/index.cfm?cat=167
Genie cameras implement a superset of the GenICam™ specification
which defines device capabilities. This description takes the form of an
XML device description file respecting the syntax defined by the GenApi
module of the GenICam™ specification. For more information see
www.genicam.org.
Genie Sensor Overview
Each sensor description below provides a specification table and response graphic. The graph describes the sensor
RGB response to different wavelengths of light (excluding lens and light source characteristics). Visible light spans
wavelengths between about 390 - 780 nanometers. Wavelengths below 390 nm are termed ultra-violet while those
above 780 nm. are termed infra-red. The peak response for green is around 530 nanometers typical for each sensor
model.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview • 9
Genie C640-1/2 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (1/2 inch diagonal)
Sensor
Sony ICX414AQ
Resolution
640 x 480 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
64 fps
Minimum Exposure
22μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
3.8μs
Pixel Size
9.9µm x 9.9µm
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C640-1/2 Responsivity
10 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie C640-1/3 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (1/3 inch diagonal)
Sensor
Sony ICX424AQ
Resolution
640 x 480 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
64 fps
Minimum Exposure
22μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
3.8μs
Pixel Size
7.4µm x 7.4µm
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C640-1/3 Responsivity
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview • 11
Genie C1024-1/3 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (1/3 inch diagonal)
Sensor
Sony ICX204AK
Resolution
1024 x 768 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
20 fps
Minimum Exposure
44μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
7.65μs
Pixel Size
4.65μm (H) × 4.65μm (V)
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C1024-1/3 Responsivity
12 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie C1400-1/2 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (1/2 inch diagonal)
Sensor
ICX267AK
Resolution
1360 x 1024 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
15 fps
Minimum Exposure
32μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
11.67μs
Pixel Size
4.65µm (H) x 4.65µm (V)
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C1400-1/2 Responsivity
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview • 13
Genie C1410-2/3 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (2/3 inch diagonal)
Sensor
ICX285AQ
Resolution
1360 x 1024 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
21.9 fps
Minimum Exposure
32μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
4.15μs
Pixel Size
6.45µm (H) x 6.45µm (V)
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C1410-2/3 Responsivity
14 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie C1600-1/1.8 Specifications
Item / Feature
Specification
Imager Format
Full frame interline CCD area scan with square pixel (1/1.8 inch diagonal)
Sensor
ICX274AQ
Resolution
1600 x 1200 pixels
Minimum Frame Rate (free-running)
0.1 fps (one frame every 10 seconds)
Maximum Frame Rate (free-running)
15 fps
Minimum Exposure
100μs
Maximum Exposure
4 seconds
Internal Trigger to Start of Exposure
TBA
Pixel Size
4.40µm (H) x 4.40µm (V)
Pixel Format
3x8-bit (RGB primary color mosaic filters on chip)
Bayer Mosaic Arrangement
Shutter
Full frame electronic shutter
Gain Range
-6dB to +12dB
Genie C1600-1/1.8 Responsivity
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Color Series Overview • 15
Application Development Overview
Sapera LT Library with optional Processing
Sapera LT is a powerful development library for image acquisition and control. Sapera LT provides a single API
across current and future DALSA hardware. Sapera LT delivers a comprehensive feature set including program
portability, versatile camera controls, flexible display functionality and management, plus easy to use application
development wizards.
Sapera Processing is a comprehensive set of C++ classes for image processing and analysis. Sapera Processing
offers highly optimized tools for image processing, blob analysis, search (pattern recognition), OCR and barcode
decoding.
The following is a Sapera application functional block diagram.
Sapera
Application
CamExpert
Sapera LT SDK
Sapera LT
Genie Driver
Genie
Framework
Network
Configuration Tool
Control
Images
GigE Server
Sapera Network
Imaging Driver
GigE DLL
GVCP - GigE Vision Control Protocol
GVSP – GigE Vision Stream Protocol
NIC
Ethernet
cable
Genie
GigE Vision Compliant Environment
The GigE Vision XML device description file is embedded within Genie firmware allowing GigE Vision compliant
applications to know Genie capabilities immediately after connection.
16 • Genie Color Series Overview
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera
Warning! (Grounding Instructions)
Static electricity can damage electronic components. Please discharge any static electrical charge by touching a
grounded surface, such as the metal computer chassis, before performing any hardware installation.
If you do not feel comfortable performing the installation, please consult a qualified technician.
GigE Network Adapter Guideline
If the computer to be used with the Genie camera does not have a Gigabit network adapter or second built in Gigabit
NIC, a PCI bus Gigabit NIC needs to be installed. Typically under Windows XP the PCI Gigabit NIC is recognized
automatically when Windows boots. An example of a high performance NIC is the Intel PRO/1000 MT adapter.
Review the NIC documentation concerning any special driver required for Windows. Install the PCI bus Gigabit
NIC as described by the NIC manufacture's documentation.
The Genie camera has been tested with a variety of Gigabit network adapters, both built into the system
motherboard and as third party PCI adapters.
Supported Network Configurations
The Genie obtains an IP address using the Link Local Address (LLA) or DHCP, by default. If required, a persistent
IP address can be assigned (see "Running the Network Configuration Tool" on page 26).
The LLA method automatically assigns the Genie with a randomly chosen address on the 169.254.xxx.xxx subnet.
After an address is chosen, the link-local process sends an ARP query with that IP onto the network to see if it is
already in use. If there is no response, the IP is assigned to the device, otherwise another IP is selected, and the ARP
is repeated. Note that LLA is unable to forward packets across routers.
Alternatively, if a DHCP server is present on the network, the Genie is going to issue a DHCP request asking for an
IP address. The DHCP server will then provide the Genie an IP address.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 17
Installation Overview & Preparations
The Genie camera installation generally follows the sequence described below. Detailed installation instructions
follow this overview.
Network and Computer Overview
•
Genie needs to connect to a computer with a GigE network adapter, either built in on the computer
motherboard or installed as a third party PCI adapter.
•
Laptop computers with built in GigE network adapters may still not be able to stream full frame rates from
Genie, especially when on battery power. Thorough testing is required with any laptop computer to determine
the maximum frame rate possible (see "Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues" on page 119).
•
Genie also can connect through a Gigabit Ethernet switch. When using VLAN groups, the Genie and
controlling computer must be in the same group (see "Using Genie with a VLAN Ethernet Switch" on page 75).
•
If Genie is to be used in a Sapera development environment, Sapera LT needs to be installed, either before or
after the Genie software package. If Genie will be used in a GigE Vision compliant environment, Sapera or
Sapera runtime is not required and you need to follow the installation instructions of the third party GigE
Vision compliant package.
•
Install the Genie Framework software package if not using a third party GigE Vision compliant package.
Also install Sapera Run-time with CamExpert to control the Genie.
•
The Windows Firewall exceptions feature is automatically configured to allow the Sapera GigE Server to pass
through the firewall.
•
Computers with VPN software (virtual private network) may need to have the VPN driver disabled in the NIC
properties. This would be required only on the NIC used with the Genie. Testing by the user is required.
18 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installation Overview
•
Inspect all cables and connectors prior to their use. Do not use faulty cables or connectors to avoid camera
damage.
•
Before connecting power to the camera, test all power supplies. Power supplies must meet the requirements
defined in section "Genie Signal Electrical Details" on page 94. Apply power to the camera.
•
Connect Genie to the computer GigE network adapter or to the Ethernet switch via a CAT5e or CAT6 Ethernet
cable. Note: cable should not be less than 1 meter (3 feet) long or more than 100 meters (328 feet) long.
•
Check the diagnostic LED which will be initially red then switch to flashing blue while waiting for IP
configuration. See "Status LED Codes" on page 22 for Genie LED display descriptions.
•
Look at the small camera icon added to the Windows tray (next to the clock). Ensure the Genie camera has
been found (right click the icon and select Status).
•
A new Genie installation typically requires a firmware update. See the procedure "Updating Genie Firmware"
on page 27.
•
Use CamExpert (installed either with Sapera or Sapera runtime) to test the installation of the Genie camera. Set
the Genie to internal test pattern. See "Sapera CamExpert Guide" on page 85.
•
Set up the other components of the imaging system such as light sources, camera mounts, optics, encoders,
trigger sources, etc. Test with CamExpert.
Sapera LT Library Installation
Note: to install Sapera LT and the Genie device driver, logon to the workstation as an administrator or with an
account that has administrator privileges.
When Sapera application development is performed on the same computer that the Genie Color is connected to, the
Sapera Development Library (version 6.10 or later) must be installed. Else, Sapera LT is not required to control the
Genie camera.
•
Insert the DALSA Sapera CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your computer, the DALSA installation
menu is presented.
•
If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the CD-ROM.
Execute launch.exe to start the DALSA installation menu and install the required Sapera components.
•
The installation program will prompt you to reboot the computer.
•
Continue with the Genie CD Package Installation described next.
Refer to Sapera LT User’s Manual concerning application development with Sapera.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 19
Genie CD Package Installation
The Genie Framework software package and Sapera runtime provides all components required to control the Genie
with the supplied CamExpert tool. Genie Framework software components include the Network Imaging driver, the
Sapera GigE server, and CamExpert (if Sapera LT library is not installed).
Note: If Sapera application development is required, first install Sapera (6.10 or later) as described in the previous
section.
Procedure
•
Insert the DALSA Genie CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your computer, the Genie installation menu is
presented.
•
If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the CD-ROM.
Execute launch.exe to start the installation menu and install the Genie software components.
•
Click to install the Genie Framework Software which includes the Network Imaging driver, and the Sapera
GigE server.
•
The procedure will prompt for acceptance of the installation folder for the Genie files.
•
If Sapera LT is not installed and the Genie will be controlled with a Sapera application, click to install Sapera
LT run-time which includes CamExpert. Follow the on screen prompts and reboot when the installation is
complete.
GigE Server Verification
After a successful Genie software package installation, the GigE Server icon is visible in the desktop taskbar tray
area. After connecting a camera (see following section), allow a few seconds for the GigE Server status to update.
The Genie camera must be on the same subnet as the NIC to be recognized by the GigE Server.
Device Available
Device IP Error
Device Not Available
The GigE server tray icon
when the Genie device is
found. It will take a few
seconds for the GigE Server to
refresh its state after the Genie
has obtained an IP address.
The GigE server tray icon
shows a warning when a device
is connected but there is some
type of IP error.
GigE Server
Tray Icon:
A red X will remain over the
GigE server tray icon when the
Genie device is not found. This
indicates a major network
issue. Or in the simplest case,
the Genie is not connected.
If you place your mouse cursor on this icon, the GigE Server will display the number of GigE Vision devices found
by your PC. Right click the icon and select status to view information about those devices. See "Running the
Network Configuration Tool" on page 26 and "Troubleshooting" on page 107 for more information.
20 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Connect the Genie Camera
Connect a power supply to the Genie camera and an Ethernet cable from the Genie to the host computer. Once
communication with the host computer is started the automatic IP configuration sequence will assign an LLA IP
address as described in section "Genie IP Configuration Sequence" on page 23, or a DHCP IP address if a DHCP
server is present on your network. The factory defaults for Genie is Persistent IP disabled and DHCP enabled with
LLA always enabled as per the GigE Vision specification. For additional information see "IP Configuration Mode
Details" on page 75. See the next section "Connectors" on page 21 for an overview of the Genie interfaces.
Connectors
The Genie has only two connectors:
•
A single RJ45 Ethernet connector for control and video data transmitted to/from the host computer Gigabit
NIC. See "Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables" on page 102 for secure cables.
•
A single 12-pin Hirose male connector for camera power plus trigger, strobe and general I/O signals. The
suggested female cable mating connector is Hirose model HR10A-10P-12S.
The Genie has one multicolor LED to provide a simple visible indication of camera state (see figure below and
section "Status LED Codes" on page 22). Additionally the RJ45 has two LEDs for network status conditions.
The following figure of the Genie back end shows connector and LED locations. See "Mechanical Specifications"
on page 89 for details on the Genie connectors and camera mounting dimensions.
Genie – Rear View
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 21
Status LED Codes
The camera is equipped with a LED to display the operational status of the camera. When more than one condition
is active, the LED color indicates the condition with the highest priority (such as an acquisition in progress has more
priority than a valid IP address assignment). The following table summarizes the LED states and corresponding
camera status.
LED State
Definition
LED is off
No power to the camera
Steady Red
Camera not initialized
Slow Flashing Red
Camera initialization problem
Fast Flashing Red
Camera is too hot
Slow Flashing Blue
Waiting for an IP address
Fast Flashing Blue
Ethernet cable disconnected (no link)
Steady Blue
IP address assigned;
no application connected to the camera
Steady Green
Application connected
Slow Flashing Green
Triggered acquisition in progress
Fast Flashing Green
Free-running acquisition in progress
Once the Genie has its RJ45 connected to a network, the Status LED will turn to steady blue when the IP address is
assigned. Only at this time will it be possible by the GigE Server or any application to communicate with the
camera.
Note: Even if the Genie has obtained an IP address, it might be on a different subnet than the NIC it is attached to.
Therefore, if the Genie LED is blue but an application such as CamExpert can not see it, this indicates a network
configuration problem.
22 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Typical LED States on Power Up
The following LED sequence occurs when the Genie is powered up connected to a network with installed Genie
Framework software.
Red
power connected
Flashing Blue
waiting for IP
Blue
IP assigned
Green
application
connected
Genie IP Configuration Sequence
The Genie IP (Internet Protocol) Configuration sequence to assign an IP address is executed automatically on
camera power-up or when connected to a network. As a GigE Vision compliant device, Genie attempts to assign an
IP address as follows.
For any GigE Vision device, the IP configuration protocol sequence is:
• Persistent IP (if enabled)
• DHCP (if a DHCP server is present)
• Link-Local Address (always enabled)
The factory defaults for Genie is Persistent IP disabled and DHCP enabled with LLA always enabled as per the
GigE Vision specification. For additional information see "IP Configuration Mode Details" on page 75.
GigE Server Status
Once the Genie is assigned an IP address (its Status LED is steady blue) the GigE server tray icon will not have a
red X through it, indicating that the Genie device was found. It might take a few seconds for the GigE Server to
refresh its state after the Genie has obtained an IP address.
Right-click the GigE Server tray icon to open the following menu.
Click on Status to open a window listing all devices connected to the host system. Each GigE device is listed by
name along with important information such as the assigned IP address and device MAC address. The screen shot
below shows a connected Genie with no networking problems.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 23
In the event that the device is physically connected, but the Sapera GigE Server icon is indicating that the connected
device is not recognized, click Scan Network to restart the discovery process. Note that the GigE server
periodically scans the network automatically to refresh its state (see "Troubleshooting" on page 107).
Optimizing the Network Adapter used with Genie
Most Gigabit network interface controllers (NIC) allow user modifications to parameters such as Adapter Buffers
and Jumbo Frames. These should be optimized for use with the Genie during the installation.
Increasing Adapter Buffers and Jumbo Frames
Adapter Buffers (receive descriptors): Under certain conditions the host PC system CPU may be very busy with
tasks other than the imaging application. Incoming image packets remain in the PC memory allocated to store
packets instead of immediately being copied into the image buffer. By increasing the NIC host buffers, more
incoming image packets can be stored by the NIC before it must start discarding them. This provides more time for
the PC to switch tasks and move image packets to the image buffer.
Not all network boards allow increasing their buffer count and even among those that do, such as the Intel NIC,
different versions will have different maximum receive descriptor values. Refer to the NIC user documentation for
details on configuring this parameter. The procedure in this section shows how to increase the number of packet
buffers for one version of Intel network adapter.
Jumbo Frames: With good gigabit Ethernet connections with minimal packet resend conditions, host computer
performance can be further improved by increasing the data packet size. Each streaming video packet causes an
interrupt in the host computer. Therefore increasing the packet size reduces the CPU usage percentage required to
handle video data from Genie.
Before the Genie is configured to use larger data packets, the NIC used with the Genie must be configured to allow
Jumbo Frames. The procedure in this section describes increasing the size of Jumbo Frames for one version of Intel
network adapter.
The screenshot below shows that the Genie device was found and there is no IP conflict. The Maximum Packet Size
field is highlighted in yellow, indicating that Jumbo Frames are not enabled on the NIC used with the Genie or that
the control application is forcing a safe packet size. Using a larger packet size improves host CPU performance,
which can be critical when using multiple Genie devices. Note that the Maximum Packet Size field is updated only
when an application such as CamExpert communicates with the Genie.
Select NIC Advanced Configuration Properties
Note that the following applies to the Intel Pro NIC driver. Other NIC products may or may not have similar
configuration parameters.
•
From the Start menu go to Settings • Control Panel • Network Connections and select the NIC used to
connect the Genie to.
•
Open the Properties for the Ethernet GigE NIC used with the Genie.
24 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
•
Click the Configure button.
GigE NIC Configuration
•
Click on the Advanced tab. Modify the values for Receive Descriptors and Jumbo Frames as follows.
Receive Descriptors
•
Select the 'Receive Descriptors' property.
•
Change the value to the largest value supported by the installed NIC. In this example the value is 2048.
GigE NIC Receive Buffers
Jumbo Frames
•
Select the 'Jumbo Frames' property.
•
Change the value to the largest supported by the installed NIC. The Genie can then be configured to use its
maximum Jumbo Frames size (currently 9000). In this example the NIC value is set to 9014.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 25
GigE NIC Jumbo Frames
Running the Network Configuration Tool
Once the GigE Server discovers a device, start the Network Configuration tool to verify and modify the network
configuration of the imaging system. See "Network Configuration Tool" on page 78.
First verify the Genie camera appears as a child of the NIC card it is connected to. By default the Genie camera is
identified by its serial number if no user-defined name has been assigned.
Because image transfers require considerable bandwidth through the NIC, it is recommended that a separate Gigabit
Ethernet NIC for the Genie camera be used. Connections to the Internet or to a corporate network should be through
a different NIC.
The Network Configuration Tools allows you to:
• Configure the Windows firewall exception list
• Activate the Network Imaging driver use for image acquisition on any NIC
• Configure the NIC and camera IP settings
26 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Updating Genie Firmware
The Genie firmware may need to be updated to correspond with the currently used Genie software framework. After
installing the new Genie software package and Genie camera, update the firmware by following this procedure.
•
Important: Make sure that no Sapera application (such as CamExpert) is controlling the Genie camera.
•
Start the DALSA Device Manager program from the windows start menu:
Start•Programs•DALSA•Genie•Firmware Update.
•
The right hand column shows whether a firmware update is Required or Not Required.
•
If an update is required, click on the Automatic button. The Update Firmware manager dialog opens and the
new firmware version is written to the Genie camera.
•
The manual button allows the user to select from multiple Genie firmware configuration files – if such files
become available for future operational modes.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 27
•
The firmware update is complete when the lower message output area says "Device reset complete". Close the
Device Manager program.
•
Genie cameras manufactured in 2007 or later will display the following status LED sequence while initializing
with the new firmware.
•
Status LED will flash red then go off.
•
Both LAN LEDs will flash repeatedly for a short time.
•
Status LED will flash red then go off again.
•
Both LAN LEDs will flash repeatedly for a short time again.
•
Status LED will turn blue as normally happens during power up.
•
Wait for the GigE Server to find the Genie again, then run CamExpert to test the Genie operation (as described
below).
Important: If the Genie power is accidentally cut off during the firmware update (such as a electrical source
power failure or human error), the Genie is easily recovered.
See "Power Failure During a Firmware Update–Now What?" on page 114.
28 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Quick Test with CamExpert
When the Genie camera is directly connected to a Gigabit network adapter on a host computer or via a network
switch, testing the installation with CamExpert is a straightforward procedure.
•
Start Sapera CamExpert by double clicking the desktop icon created during the Genie software installation.
•
CamExpert will search for installed Sapera devices. In the Device list area on the left side, the connected Genie
camera is shown or will be listed in a few seconds after CamExpert completes the automatic device search
(device discovery).
•
Select the Genie camera device by clicking on the camera user-defined name. By default the Genie camera is
identified by its serial number. The LED of the Genie will turn green, indicating the CamExpert application is
now connected.
•
Click on the Grab button for live acquisition (the Genie default is Free Running mode). Focus and adjust the
lens iris. See "Operational Reference" on page 31 for information on CamExpert parameters with the Genie
camera.
•
The following figure shows CamExpert with the Genie generating a static color bar pattern. Select this via the
Test Image Selector drop menu from the Sensor Parameters tab.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Installing the Genie Camera • 29
About the User-Defined Camera Name
The Genie can be programmed with a user-defined name to aid identifying multiple cameras connected to the
network. For instance, on an inspection system with 4 cameras, the first camera might be labeled “top view”, the
second “left view”, the third “right view” and the last one “bottom view”. The factory default user name is set to
match the camera serial number for quick initial identification. Note that the factory programmed Genie serial
number and MAC address are not user changeable.
When using CamExpert, multiple Genie cameras on the network are seen as different "Genie_Cnnn_x" devices.
Click on a Genie device user name to select it for control by CamExpert.
An imaging application uses any one of these attributes to identify a camera: its IP address, MAC address, serial
number or User Name. Some important considerations are listed below.
•
Do not use the camera's IP address as identification (unless it is a persistent IP) since it can change with each
power cycle.
•
A MAC address is unique to a single camera, therefore the control application is limited to the vision system
with that unique camera.
•
The User Name can be freely programmed to clearly represent the camera usage. This scheme is recommended
for an application to identify cameras. In this case, the vision system can be duplicated any number of times
with cameras identified by their function, not their serial numbers or MAC address.
30 • Installing the Genie Camera
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference
Camera and Sensor Information
Camera and sensor information can be retrieved via a controlling application. Parameters such as camera model,
firmware version, sensor characteristics, etc. are read to uniquely identify the connected Genie device.
All these features, with the exception of the DeviceUserId, are read-only. Sapera LT or GigE Vision compliant calls
are used to retrieve this information and correctly identify the camera along with its characteristics.
Following is an overview of CamExpert displaying this information followed by tables with the feature name
associated to Sapera LT and to GigE Vision compliant development environments.
Access Via CamExpert
The Camera Information Parameters tab groups parameters that contain information specific to the individual Genie
camera.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 31
Read Only Parameters
Parameter
Description
Device Vendor
For the Genie color series, this is always DALSA.
Device Model Name
Displays the device model name (for example, Genie C1024).
Device Version
Displays the device version.
Firmware Version
Displays the currently loaded firmware version.
Device ID
Displays the camera serial number.
MAC Address
Displays the unique MAC (Media Access Control) address of the Genie camera.
User Set Parameters
Parameter
Description
Device User ID
Specifies a user written ID, of up to 15 characters, for the Genie camera.
By default, this field is set to the serial number of the camera.
Power-up Configuration
Click Setting to open the Power-up configuration dialog box which allows you to specify
camera power-up configuration.
For more information, see "Power-up Configuration" on page 32.
Power-up Configuration
The Power-up configuration dialog allows you to specify the camera configuration to load when powering-up the
camera. The Genie camera flash memory contains two possible configuration settings; the Factory Default (neutral
parameters and in free run mode), and a user-defined Camera Configuration 1. The Camera Power-up
configuration drop-down list box allows you to select either the Factory Default or a user specified camera
configuration file. To save the current CamExpert settings to the camera user-defined (Camera Configuration)
setting, click Save. To view in CamExpert a camera configuration file currently saved in the camera, select the
configuration file in the Load configuration from Camera drop-down list, and click Load.
32 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Power-up Parameter List
Parameter
Description
ROI
Region of interest used to crop the image
Pixel Format
Defines the pixel format
Frame Rate
Defines the frame rate for free run mode.
Exposure mode
Defines the exposure mode (Programmable or Pulse Controlled)
Exposure duration
Defines the exposure duration for Programmable mode
Exposure synchronization
Synchronous or Reset synchronization mode
Gain
Defines the sensor analog Gain factor, initially set to 0.0 dB.
Black Level
Defines the sensor analog Black level factor, initially set to 0.
Color Calibration
RGB gains set to 0.0dB
Image source
Defines the image source as the sensor or one of the stored image patterns.
Trigger enable
Free-running or triggered
Trigger source
Selects the trigger input (input pin or software)
Trigger delay
Defines the delay from input trigger to exposure start.
GPI settings
Defines the operational mode of the general input pins.
GPO settings
Defines the operational mode of the general output pins
LUT
Lookup Table function On or Off plus the LUT data.
Flat Field Correction
FFC function On or Off plus the offset/gain data.
Power-up Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Power-up Configuration:
Sapera
Power-upConfig = {Factory Default = 0, Camera Configuration 1 = 1}
SaveCameraConfigurationSelector = {Camera Configuration 1 = 1}
SaveCameraConfiguration = Write to save selected camera configuration
LoadCameraConfigurationSelector = {Factory Default = 0, Camera Configuration 1 = 1}
LoadCameraConfiguration = Write to load selected camera configuration
In CamExpert, these parameters are available in the “Camera Information” tab, under the “Powerup Configuration” dialog box.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Power-up Configuration:
UserSetSelector = {Factory = 0, UserSet1 = 1}
UserSetLoad = Loads the User Set specified by UserSetSelector to the camera and makes it
active
UserSetSave = Saves the User Set specified by UserSetSelector to the camera
UserSetDefaultSelector = Selects the feature User Set to load at camera reset
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 33
Camera Information via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Camera and Sensor Information:
Sapera
Interface = {GigE Vision}
DeviceVendorName = “DALSA”
DeviceModelName = “Genie C1024” as an example
DeviceVersion = String representing the version of the camera
FirmwareVersion = String representing the version of the camera firmware
DeviceID = String representing the camera serial number
MACAddress = String representing the camera MAC address
DeviceUserID = String representing the user-define name for the camera
DeviceMaxThroughput = Maximum throughput of image streaming in bytes/sec.
DeviceScanType = Area scan
ColorType = {CFA Bayer Sensor RG}
SensorWidth = Width of the sensor in pixels
SensorHeight = Height of the sensor in lines
PixelSize = Number of bits per pixel
In CamExpert, these parameters are visible under “Camera Information” and “Sensor” tabs.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Camera and Sensor Information:
DeviceVendorName = Name of camera vendor
DeviceModelName = Name of the camera model
DeviceVersion = Version of the device
DeviceFirmwareVersion = Version of camera firmware
DeviceID = Serial number of the camera
DeviceUserID = User-defined name the camera
DeviceScanType = Areascan
DeviceMaxThroughput = Maximum number of bytes per second device supports
DeviceRegistersStreamingStart = Announces the start of registers streaming without immediate
checking for consistency
DeviceRegistersStreamingEnd = Announces the end of registers streaming and perform
validation for registers consistency before activating them
DeviceRegistersCheck = Performs an explicit register set validation for consistency
DeviceRegistersValid = Informs whether the current register set is valid and consistent
SensorWidth = Width of sensor (effective pixels)
SensorHeight = Height of sensor (effective pixels)
WidthMax = Maximum image width.
HeightMax = Maximum image height.
34 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Sensor Controls
Genie provides a number of sensor controls to optimize image acquisitions for most imaging solutions. Following is
an overview of the CamExpert controls displaying this information, followed by individual control function
descriptions and tables indicating the feature name associated to Sapera LT and to GigE Vision compliant
development environments.
Sensor Parameters: Controls Via CamExpert
The Sensor Parameters tab groups the parameters related to the camera sensor configuration.
Read Only Parameters
Parameter
Description
Device Scan Type
Displays the device scan type. Possible values are area scan or linescan.
This is always area scan for Genie.
Color Type
Displays the color type of the sensor.
Possible values are Color Sensor or Monochrome Sensor.
Sensor Width (in pixels)
Displays the sensor width (in pixels).
Sensor Height (in pixels)
Displays the sensor height (in pixels).
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 35
User Set Parameters
Parameter
Description
Frame Rate (in Hz)
Specifies the internal trigger frame rate for free run mode, in Hz.
Possible values range from 0.1 to 20.0 Hz for Genie C1024 in full scan mode.
(Note: the Sapera SDK specifies the frame rate in milli-Hertz).
Gain (in dB)
Specifies the sensor analog Gain factor, in dB. Possible values range from
–6.0 to 12.0 dB, in 0.1 dB increments. For more information, see "Gain and Black Level
Control" on page 37.
Color Calibration
Click Setting to open the CamExpert color control dialog which provides manual RGB gain
controls plus an automatic white balance function. RGB balance adjustments can be saved
with the camera user settings else they are lost when the camera is powered off. See "Color
Calibration" on page 36.
Black level (in 1/16 DN)
Specifies the sensor black level, in 1/16 DN (digital number, which is the value assigned to a
pixel in a digital image). Possible values range from -128 to 127.
Test Image Selector
Specifies the test image. Possible values are:
Off
Grey Horizontal Ramp
Grey Vertical Ramp
Grey Diagonal Ramp Moving
Purity
Color
For more information, see "Internal Image Test Patterns" on page 61.
Exposure Control
Click Setting to open the Exposure Control dialog. For more information, see "Exposure
Controls" on page 43.
Color Calibration
The Genie color series of cameras, designed for machine vision applications, do not implement a dynamic full time
white balance function. Unlike consumer digital cameras which have automatic white balance, the machine vision
environment typically uses constant lighting with known color spectra. The Genie RGB gain settings are adjusted to
optimize the illumination with the spectral response of the Genie model used.
CamExpert provides a color calibration tool for manual RGB gain control or an automatic white balance function.
The adjusted RGB gain settings remain active until the Genie is powered off. RGB gain settings can be saved and
recalled with other parameters in the Genie user defined power up settings (see "Power-up Configuration" on page
32 for details on configuring Genie to power up with user set parameters).
CamExpert Color Calibration Menu
The CamExpert Color Calibration dialog provides an automatic white balance function plus manual RGB gain
controls. Adjustments made are lost on power off unless saved using the Genie power up user settings function.
36 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
•
Click the Auto White Balance button to have CamExpert adjust the RGB gain to achieve a realistic color cast
under the current lighting conditions. The auto white balance function should be executed again when lighting
conditions or color temperature change.
•
The CamExpert auto white function can work on a smaller ROI. Within the CamExpert acquisition window,
click and drag a ROI rectangle with the mouse left button. Having a ROI of an evenly illuminated non-saturated
image of a white or light gray surface may produce superior results.
•
The independent RGB gain controls, expressed in decibels (dB), range from 0db to 12db. Used for manual
white balance adjustments or specialty needs.
•
Individual RGB gains are multiplied by the overall Gain adjustment.
Gain and Black Level Controls
The Genie color series cameras provide gain and black level adjustments for the analog signal from each CCD
pixel, before the analog to digital conversion. The software gain and black level controls can make small
compensations to the acquisition in situations where the lighting varies and the lens iris can not be easily accessed.
Features and limitations are described below.
•
Gain is expressed in decibels (dB). Range from -6dB to +12dB in 0.1dB increments. Gain is a multiplication
factor to the analog signal (i.e. exposure) before digitization.
Note that a gain of 6dB is a multiplier of 2 (doubles the level).
•
Increasing gain increases the amplitude of the analog video signal but also increases the sensor analog noise
proportionately, before analog to digital conversion.
•
Note: Doubling gain does not necessarily double the digital data due to the Black Level Offset value as
described below.
•
Black level offset is applied to the sensor analog signal to shift the DC level of the video signal. Black level is
an additive offset to the analog video signal before digitization.
•
Black level offset increases the brightness of the video signal equally. Therefore any area of the video that is
black will brighten to some gray level as offset is increased.
•
Black level offset is expressed as a number ranging from -128 to 127. The offset is achieved as a change in the
analog signal from the sensor where a control number change of 1 is 1/16th of a DN (digital number) pixel
change. In other words, a control change of 16 is required for each change in pixel value, therefore a maximum
control value of 127 will cause a black pixel (00) to have a gray value of about 8.
•
The resultant output Gain/Offset formula for each color channel is:
OutputData = (Exposure * Gain * ColorGain ) + Offset
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 37
Gain and Offset Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Gain and Black level:
Sapera
GainRed = Amplification in dB from 0 to 12.0 dB (0.1dB steps)
GainGreen = Amplification in dB from 0 to 12.0 dB (0.1dB steps)
GainBlue = Amplification in dB from 0 to 12.0 dB (0.1dB steps)
Gain = Amplification in dB from -6.0 to 12.0 dB (0.1dB steps)
BlackLevel = DC offset in 1/16th of DN, range from -128 to 127
In CamExpert, these parameters are available under the “Sensor” tab.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Gain and Black level:
GainSelector = Select which RGB gain control {All=0, Red=1, Green=2, Blue=3}
GainRaw = Analog gain in tenth of dB (0.1 dB steps)
BlackLevelRaw = Black level (offset) in 1/16 of DN
38 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Partial Scan—Window ROI
Partial Scan (vertical cropping
The Partial Scan mode, also know as vertical cropping, reduces the number of video lines grabbed for a frame. By
not scanning the full vertical area of the sensor, the maximum possible acquisition frame rate is proportionately
increased (as an extreme example, the C1024 scanning a one line frame, exposed around 146 fps).
Scan Start Offset
Partial Image Scan
Scan Line Count
Vertical Partial Scan Illustration
Maximum Frame Rate Examples
Vertical Lines
Acquired
C640
C1024
C1400
C1410
Maximum
Frame Rate
Maximum
Frame Rate
Maximum
Frame Rate
Maximum
Frame Rate
1024
--
--
15 fps
21.7 fps
768
--
20 fps
20 fps
28.2 fps
512
--
28 fps
27 fps
39.9 fps
480
64 fps
30 fps
28 fps
42.0 fps
240
115 fps
50 fps
42 fps
71.3 fps
120
194 fps
74 fps
55 fps
109.5 fps
60
293 fps
99 fps
66 fps
149.3 fps
30
394 fps
118 fps
73 fps
182.6 fps
1
589 fps
146 fps
81 fps
232.7 fps
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 39
Partial Scan (horizontal cropping)
Genie also can crop the acquisition horizontally by grabbing less pixels on each horizontal line. Additionally a
horizontal offset value will start the grab from any pixel count, as shown in the following figure. Note that
horizontal cropping does not increase the maximum frame rate due to the CCD readout architecture.
Horizontal Crop
Horizontal Scan offset
Active Horizontal Scan
Horizontal Partial Scan Illustration
Window ROI
Vertical and Horizontal Cropping can be combined to grab only a region of interest (ROI). Besides eliminating post
acquisition image cropping done by software in the host computer, a windowed ROI grab reduces the bandwidth
required on the Gigabit Ethernet link since less pixels are transmitted. See "CamExpert Image Buffer and ROI
Parameters" on page 41 to use CamExpert to configure image cropping.
40 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Window ROI Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Partial Scan and Window ROI:
Sapera
Width = Buffer width in pixels (must be an even value)
Height = Buffer height in lines
OffsetX = Horizontal Offset of the leftmost pixel relative to the sensor (must be an even value)
OffsetY = Vertical offset in lines of the uppermost pixel relative to the sensor
PixelFormat = {Bayer Raw8/RGB 32-bit/UYVY/YUY2}
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Partial Scan and Window ROI:
Width = Width of image/area of interest (must be an even value)
Height = Height of image/area of interest
OffsetX = Left coordinate of area of interest (must be an even value)
OffsetY = Top coordinate of area of interest
LinePitch = Distance between consecutive lines in bytes
PixelColorFilter = Color filter convention of the image
PixelFormat = Format of the image pixels as per GigE Vision specification
PixelDynamicRangeMin = Minimum pixel value sent by camera
PixelDynamicRangeMax = Maximum pixel value sent by camera
CamExpert Image Buffer and ROI Parameters
CamExpert provides controls to configure acquisitions via the Image Buffer and ROI Parameters tab. The image
buffer can be easily cropped as desired. Below is the CamExpert dialog and parameter descriptions follow.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 41
Parameter
Description
Pixel Format
For the Genie Color series, the image buffer format is
Bayer Raw8 or RGB 32-bit or UYVY or YUY2.
Width (in Pixels)
Displays the image buffer width (X axis), in pixels.
Height (in Pixels)
Displays the image buffer height (Y axis), in pixels.
OffsetX (in Pixels)
Specifies the offset in X, from the left of the image, when using an ROI. The image buffer
width is automatically adjusted to compensate for this offset.
OffsetY (in Lines)
Specifies the offset in Y, from the top of the image, when using an ROI. The image buffer
height is automatically adjusted to compensate for this offset.
Trigger Modes
Genie image exposures are initiated by an event. The trigger event is either the camera's programmable internal
clock used in free running mode, an external input used for synchronizing exposures to external triggers, or a
programmed function call message by the controlling computer. These triggering modes are described below.
•
Free running (trigger disabled): The Genie free-running mode has a programmable internal timer for frame
rate and a programmable exposure period. Frame rate is 0.1 fps to the maximum supported by the sensor.
Exposures range from 100 µs to a maximum also dependent on the current frame rate. This always uses
Synchronous mode where exposure is aligned to the sensor horizontal line timing.
•
External trigger: Exposures are controlled by an external trigger signal. External signals are isolated by an
opto-coupler input with a time programmable debounce circuit. See "General Inputs" on page 50. The
following section provides information on external trigger timing.
•
Software trigger: An exposure trigger is sent as a control command via the Ethernet network connection.
Software triggers can not be considered time accurate due to network latency and sequential command jitter.
But a software trigger is more responsive than calling a single-frame acquisition (Snap command) since the
latter must validate the acquisition parameters and modify on-board buffer allocation if the buffer size has
changed since the last acquisition.
42 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Exposure Controls
Exposure Control modes define the method and timing of how to control the sensor integration period. The
integration period is the amount of time the sensor is exposed to incoming light before the video frame data is
transmitted to the controlling computer.
•
Exposure control is defined as the start of exposure and exposure duration.
•
The start of exposure can be an internal timer signal (free-running mode), an external trigger signal, or a
software function call trigger.
•
The exposure duration can be programmable (such as the case of an internal timer) or controlled by the external
trigger pulse width.
•
For the Genie camera, exposure control modes are "Free-running Programmable Exposure" on page 43 (timer),
"External Trigger Programmable Exposure" on page 44 (timer) and "External Trigger Level-controlled
Exposure" on page 45 (trigger pulse width). Following are details for each mode.
Free-running Programmable Exposure
Genie is in a multifunctional free running mode with the following features:
•
Internal trigger programmable from maximum sensor frame rate down to 0.1Hz.
•
Exposure duration is user programmable (exposure maximum is dependent on the frame rate). Minimum
exposure is 100µs.
•
Exposure synchronization timing is "Synchronous Mode" on page 47 where the exposure is aligned with the
sensor horizontal line timing and the next acquisition is triggered by an internal programmable timer.
•
Image readout is simultaneous where the grabbed image frame is readout during the next frame exposure time.
This allows for fastest possible frame rates. See the timing diagram below.
Free-running Programmable Exposure Timing
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 43
External Trigger Programmable Exposure
•
Also known as “Edge Pre-select” exposure. See the timing diagram below.
•
The external trigger edge initiates the exposure process. The active external trigger edge can be selected as
either the low-high or high-low transition.
•
The delay from active trigger edge to start of exposure is programmable from 1μs to 4 seconds (1μs steps) .
•
Exposure duration is programmable from 100μs to 4 seconds (1μs steps).
•
Supports "Synchronous Mode" on page 47 timing for fastest possible frame rates. Start of exposure is aligned
on the next horizontal line while exposure duration granularity is 1µs. Exposure and sensor readout can be
concurrent.
•
Supports "Reset Mode" on page 48 timing. Exposure granularity is 1µs. Exposure and sensor readout must be
sequential, limiting the maximal frame rate.
•
Any external trigger received before the previous exposure is complete is ignored. An application can elect to
receive messages about ignored triggers. See "Events" on page 63.
Programmable Synchronous Mode Exposure Timing
Programmable Reset Mode Exposure Timing
44 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
External Trigger Level-controlled Exposure
•
Also known as “Pulse Width Control” exposure. See the timing diagram below.
•
The external trigger edge initiates the exposure process. The active external trigger edge can be selected as
either the low-high or high-low transition.
•
No delay from active trigger edge to start of exposure. Note that the user must account for the input optocoupler electrical specifications (see "External Inputs" on page 94).
•
Exposure is stopped by the opposite edge on the trigger signal. Therefore the exposure time is defined by the
trigger pulse duration.
•
Supports "Reset Mode" on page 48 trigger timing only.
External Trigger Level-controlled Exposure Timing
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 45
Exposure Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Exposure Control:
Sapera
FrameRate = 0.1 Hz up to max. frame rate supported by sensor in current mode of operation.
Only available with Trigger disabled.
ExposureMode = {Programmable = 1, Pulse Controlled = 2}
ExposureTime = Exposure duration in µs
In CamExpert, these parameters are available under “Sensor” tab.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Exposure Control:
ExposureMode = {Off = 0, Timed = 1, TriggerWidth = 2, TriggerControlled = 3,
ResetContinuous = 4}
ExposureTimeRaw = Exposure duration in µs
AcquisitionFrameRate = Controls the desired frame rate of the camera in mHz (0.001 Hz). Only
available when trigger is disabled.
AcquisitionFrameCount = Number of frames to be acquired in MultiFrame acquisition mode
AcquisitionMode = {Continuous = 0, SingleFrame = 1, MultiFrame = 2}
AcquisitionStart = Start image capture using currently selected acquistion mode
AcquisitionStop = Stop image capture
AcquisitionAbort = Abort image capture
46 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Synchronization Timing
Genie supports two types of sensor synchronization, used to align the exposure to sensor timing:
•
Synchronous Mode: Exposure is synchronous to the line timing of the sensor. Exposure granularity is 1µs and
the readout can be concurrent to the exposure for the fastest possible frame rate.
•
Reset Mode: Timing is reset to initiate exposure of next frame. Exposure granularity is 1µs, but readout must
be sequential to exposure, reducing the maximum achievable frame rate.
Synchronous Mode
•
Synchronous mode starts the exposure period aligned to the sensor horizontal line timing and the programmable
duration granularity is 1µs.
•
In the case of the Genie C640, a horizontal line occurs every 31.77µs.
•
Exposure duration is from a minimum of 100µs up to 4 sec.
•
In this mode, sensor exposure and sensor readout of the previous frame's exposure occur simultaneously. This
allows operating the sensor up to its maximum frame rate.
•
Any trigger received before the end of the exposure is ignored. The application can elect to receive messages
about ignored triggers. See "Events" on page 63.
•
Since the external trigger is asynchronous with the Genie horizontal line timing, the frame exposure start is
subject to 1 horizontal line jitter.
Synchronous Mode Timing example for Genie C640
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 47
Reset Mode
•
Exposure starts immediately after a valid trigger. There is no jitter on the start of exposure.
•
Exposure time is programmable or controlled by the trigger pulse width.
•
Minimum exposure is 100 µs, maximum is 4 seconds, with control steps of 1µs.
•
Sensor readout must complete before the next exposure can start. That is, exposure and readout are sequential.
Therefore, the maximum frame rate is lower than for Synchronous mode.
•
Any external trigger received before the previous exposure/read out sequence is complete is ignored. An
application can elect to receive messages about ignored triggers. See "Events" on page 63.
Reset Mode Timing example for Genie C640
Synchronization Mode via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Synchronization Mode:
ExposureAlignment = {Synchronous = 0, Reset = 1}
Sapera
In CamExpert, these parameters are available under the “Sensor” tab in the “Exposure Control”
dialog box.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Synchronization Mode:
SensorSynchronization = {Synchronous = 0, Reset = 1}
48 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
CamExpert I/O Controls Dialog
CamExpert groups the Genie I/O Controls Parameters in one group. These parameters allow configuring the Genie
inputs and outputs for type of signal and signal polarity. The screen capture below shows the CamExpert I/O
parameters dialog and is followed by a descriptive overview. Detailed information on inputs and outputs follow this
section.
I/O Controls Dialog
Parameter
Description
Trigger
Enables or disables the Genie camera trigger.
Trigger Source
Specifies the trigger source. Possible values are Software, Input 1, or Input 2.
Note that this field is only available when the Trigger parameter is True.
Frames per Trigger
Set the number of frames acquired per trigger – max. 64k
(driver 1.10 limited to 1 frame).
Timestamp Counter
Select Timestamp increment source ( Internal 1µs Clock, Input 1, Input 2, End of Readout )
Timestamp Reset Source
Select event source for Timestamp Reset ( Off, Input 1, Input 2 )
Timestamp Reset
Reset the Timestamp counter immediately (click mouse in command field).
Input Settings
Click on Setting to open the Input Settings dialog box, which allows you to specify the trigger
input settings. For more information, see "General Inputs: Settings Via CamExpert" on page 50.
Output Settings
Click on Setting to open the Output Settings dialog box, which allows you to specify the
trigger output settings.
For more information, see "General Outputs: Settings via CamExpert" on page 52.
For more information on triggers, see "General Inputs" on page 50.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 49
General Inputs
External Input Signal Opto-coupler & Debounce Circuit
•
Genie provides two sets of opto-coupled inputs for either RS422 or TTL signals. These can be used as external
trigger sources.
•
See "12-Pin Hirose Connector Signal Details" on page 93 for connector pinout and electrical information. The
cable shell and shield should electrically connect the Genie chassis to computer chassis for maximum EMI
protection.
•
For external triggers, a rising edge signal is suggested to minimize the time it takes for the opto-coupler to
change state. (The opto-coupler response time is typically 10µs for rising edge compared to 50μs for falling
edge).
•
Each input incorporates a signal debounce circuit (following the opto-couple) to eliminate short noise
transitions that could be wrongly interpreted as a valid pulse. The duration is user-programmable from 1µs to
255µs with CamExpert.
•
Note, the external trigger input propagation delay is dependent on the signal used to activate the optocoupled input. Typical delays are 3 µs for Active Open and 5 µs for Active Close.
General Inputs: Settings Via CamExpert
CamExpert provides control of inputs via the I/O Controls Parameters tab. The Input Settings dialog box allows
you to view the signal and status for each pin on the Hirose connector. The Polarity drop-down list boxes, located
in the INPUT Settings area, allow you to specify the polarity of the Input 1 and Input 2 as either Active High or
Active Low. The Minimum duration field for each input, allows you to specify the minimum trigger length (1255µs ) so that input transitions are debounced to prevent unwanted trigger events.
Input Settings Dialog
50 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Input Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Trigger Modes and General Inputs:
Sapera
TriggerDelayToIntegration = Delay in µs from trigger to exposure
TriggerEnable = {FALSE, TRUE}
TriggerSource = {Input 1 = 0, Input 2 = 1, Software = 2}
TriggerSoftware = {FALSE, TRUE}
FramesPerTrigger = Frame count 1 to 64k
PolarityInput_x = {Active High = 0, Active Low = 1}
DebounceInput_x = debounce period in µs (from 1 to 255 µs)
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Trigger Modes and General Inputs:
TriggerMode = {Off = 0, On = 1}
TriggerSelector = (not used)
TriggerSoftware = Generates a software trigger to start the acquisition in software trigger mode
TriggerSource = {Line2 = 1, Software = 2}
TriggerActivation = {LevelLow = 0, LevelHigh = 1}
TriggerDelayAbs = Absolute delay to apply in us after reception of the trigger signal before
starting exposure
InputLineSelector = Index to general input {input1=0, input2=1}
InputLinePolarity = {Active High = 0, Active Low = 1}
InputLineDebouncingPeriod = debounce period in µs (from 1 to 255 µs)
InputLineValue = Read input line state {low=0, high=1}
Strobe and General Outputs
Genie provides two sets of opto-coupled outputs (see "External Outputs" on page 96). These can be used as a strobe
signal to control lighting or to generate programmable pulses when specific events are generated by the camera.
They can also be set to a static state (close or open) by the application.
See "12-Pin Hirose Connector Signal Details" on page 93 for connector pinout and electrical information.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 51
General Outputs: Settings via CamExpert
The Output Settings dialog box allows you to configure the event mode for both output 1 and output 2. Each
output can be set independently to one of the available event modes. A typical usage of output is to control a strobe
light in relation to the camera exposure. Select the output to configure by clicking on the Output 1 or Output 2
buttons located at the top of the dialog box. Use the Event mode drop-down list box to select the required event
mode.
The following event modes are available:
• Open (default)
• Close
• Strobe On: Start of Exposure (used for strobe pulse)
• Pulse On: Valid Trigger
• Pulse On: Invalid Trigger
• Pulse On: Start of Readout
• Pulse On: End of Readout
• Pulse On: End of Acquisition
• Pulse On: Input 1
• Pulse On: Input 2
When an event mode is selected, its trigger output schematic or signal timing diagram is displayed, as well as any
other additional parameters for the mode.
For most event modes, the trigger output signal can be set to either Active Open (that is high with the load
connected to a voltage source) or Active Closed (where current is drawn through the load). The output delay can be
set from 0 to 4 seconds, in increments of 1 µs. The pulse duration can be set from 100µs to 4 seconds, in increments
of 1 µs.
Open and Close Output Settings
You can open and close the output circuit using software rather than hardware events, to control external devices.
To control the output setting with Sapera LT see "Output Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications" on page 56.
52 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Strobe On Start of Exposure Event Mode
The Strobe On Start of Exposure event mode is used when controlling a strobe light using the Genie output pin. The
exposure delay parameter is specified using the Sensor Parameters tab Exposure Control setting.
For Synchronous mode, the exposure start timing is aligned to the line period of the sensor. This can delay the start
of exposure by an amount of up to 31.77µs for the Genie C640. For more information on exposure synchronous
time see "Exposure Controls" on page 43.
Pulse On Valid Trigger Event Mode
The Pulse On Valid Trigger event mode generates an output signal when a valid input trigger is received.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 53
Pulse On Invalid Trigger Event Mode
This event mode generates an output signal when an invalid input trigger is received. An invalid trigger is any
trigger received while the camera is engaged in frame acquisition (exposure and readout) and cannot accept trigger
inputs. This is shown by the trigger exclusion region in the following diagram.
Pulse On Start of Readout Event Mode
The Pulse On Start of Readout event mode generates an output signal when the camera begins a readout operation
from the sensor.
54 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Pulse On End of Readout Event Mode
The Pulse On End of Readout event mode generates an output signal when the camera finishes a readout operation
from the sensor.
Pulse On End of Acquisition Event Mode
The Pulse On End of Acquisition event mode generates an output signal when the acquisition process is terminated
using software.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 55
Pulse On Input 1 or Input 2 Event Modes
The Pulse On Input 1 or Input 2 event modes generate an output signal when the specified input signal is asserted.
Output Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Strobe and General Outputs.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
Sapera
OutputSelectorOutput_x = {Open = 0, Close = 1, Strobe On: Start of Exposure = 2, Pulse On:
Valid Trigger = 4, Pulse On: Invalid Trigger = 5, Pulse On: Start of Readout = 6, Pulse On: End
of Readout = 7, Pulse On: End of Acquisition = 8, Pulse On: Input 1 = 9, Pulse On: Input 2 = 10}
PulseDelayOutput_x = Delay in µs to assert pulse output
PulseDurationOutput_x = Pulse duration in µs
PolarityOutput_x = {Active Close = 0, Active Open = 1}
XML features for Strobe and General Outputs:
OutputLineSelector = Index to select output line {output 1 = 0, output 2 = 1}
OutputLineMode = {SoftwareDriven = 0, EventDriven = 1}
OutputLineEventSource = Event generating output line pulse {StartOfTrigger=0,
StartOfExposure=1, EndOfExposure=2, StartOfReadout=3, EndOfReadout=4,
EndOfAcquisition=5, EventOnInputLine1=6, EventOnInputLine2=7, OverTrigger=8,
OutputLinePulsePolarity = State of output opto-coupler {Active Close = 0, Active Open = 1}
OutputLinePulseDelay = Delay in µs to assert pulse output (range 0 to 64k)
OutputLinePulseDuration = Pulse duration in µs (range 0 to 64k)
OutputLineValue = static output state {Open = 0, Close = 1}
56 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie Processing Features
The Genie color series of cameras support a number of functions to enhance acquisitions or perform real time
processing. Functions can be combined to solve specific imaging situations. The user can enable and evaluate each
operation by using CamExpert.
Lookup Table (LUT)
The Genie camera includes a user programmable LUT as a component of its embedded processing features. The
LUT is used for operations such as gamma adjustments, invert and threshold processes. CamExpert has a number of
built in LUT operations for the user to explore (see "CamExpert LUT Controls" on page 87).
For color sensors, the LUT table is a RGB 8-bit LUT (8-bit in, 8-bit out for R,G, and B) as illustrated in the
following figure. Pixel data when read out of the sensor is passed through the LUT memory array, where the new
programmed pixel value is then passed to the Genie output circuit. The LUT data table is stored along with other
parameters with the user configuration function (see "Power-up Configuration" on page 32).
Simplified Genie LUT Block Diagram
With color Genie, each RGB data channel has an independent 8-bit LUT
Sensor &
A/D
Circuit
Pixel
Data
0
255
1
254
2
253
3
252
Output
Circuit
...
...
252
3
253
2
254
1
255
0
Programmed as
Invert Function
Simplified 8-bit LUT Block Diagram
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 57
LUT Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for LUT:
Sapera
LUTEnable = {FALSE, TRUE}
LUTFormat = {RGB }
LUTNumberEntries = Number of entries in the LUT (256 for an 8-bit LUT)
LUTData = Array of data representing the LUT content
Sapera++ classes used:
SapLut Class implements LUT management.
SapAcquisition::GetLut to get a valid SapLut object.
SapAcquisition::ApplyLut to program the SapLut object.
In CamExpert, these features are available from the “Pre-Processing” menu.
XML features for LUT:
Not supported
Flat Field (Image Shading) Correction
Image Shading correction, also known as Flat Field Correction is the process of eliminating small gain differences
between pixels in a sensor and also to compensate for light distortion caused by a lens. That sensor when exposed to
a uniformly lit field will have no gray level differences between pixels when calibrated flat field correction is
applied to the image. The Genie camera stores flat field correction data until power off or in its user setting state for
recall at any time (see "Power-up Configuration" on page 32). Flat field correction data is composed of 8 bit gain
and 8 bit offset coefficients.
The CamExpert Flat Field Correction tool allows calibrating. saving, and loading the flat field calibration data for
any Genie camera being controlled.
Before performing calibration, verify Genie acquisition with a live grab. Also at this time make preparations to grab
a flat light gray level image, required for the calibration, such as a clean evenly lighted white wall or non-glossy
paper with the lens slightly out of focus. Ideally a controlled diffused light source aimed directly at the lens should
be used. Note the lens iris position for a white but not saturated image. Additionally check that the lens iris closes
well or have a lens cover to grab the dark calibration image.
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure
Calibration is the process of taking two reference images, one of a black field – one of a light gray field (not
saturated), to generate correction data for images captured by Genie. Each sensor pixel data is modified by the
correction factor generated by the calibration process, so that each pixel now has an identical response to the same
illumination.
With Genie color cameras, calibration requires that the Pixel Format is first changed to Bayer Raw8 mode. This is
so because the calibration calculations are done on the host computer, then uploaded to the Genie. The user or
application then returns the Genie Pixel Format to RGB 32-bit, UYVY, or YUY2 for image acquisition with flat
field correction (as shown in the following two screen shots).
58 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Bayer Raw8 used during calibration (left) – RGB 32-bit, UYVY, or YUY2 for image acquisition (right)
Start the Flat Field calibration tool via the CamExpert menu bar:
Pre-processing • Flat Field Correction • Calibration.
Flat Field Calibration Window
The Flat Field calibration window provides a three step process to acquire two reference images and then save the
flat field correction data for the Genie used. To aid in determining if the reference images are valid, a histogram tool
is provided so that the user can review the images used for the correction data.
CamExpert Flat Field Calibration Menu
•
Click on the Advanced Setting button to change the default number of frames averaged for each calibration
step. The default value is 10 frames.
•
Setup the camera to capture a uniform black image. Black paper with no illumination and the camera lens’ iris
closed to minimum can provide such a black image.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 59
•
Click on Acquire Black Image. The flat field calibration tool will grab video frames, analyze the pixel gray
level spread, and present the statistics. The desired black reference image should have pixel values less then 20.
If the results are acceptable, accept the image as the black reference.
•
Setup the camera to acquire a uniform white image (but not saturated white). Even illumination on white paper
can be used, with a gray level of 128 minimum. It is preferable to prepare for the white level calibration step
before starting the calibration procedure.
•
Click on Acquire White Image. The flat field demo will grab video frames, analyze the pixel gray level
spread, and present the statistics. The captured gray level for all pixels should be greater than 128. If acceptable
accept the image as the white reference.
•
Click on Save. The flat field correction data is saved as a TIF image with a file name of your choice
(suggestions are the camera name and its serial number).
Using Flat Field Correction
From the CamExpert menu bar enable Flat Field correction (Pre-Processing • Flat Field Correction • Hardware).
With Genie color cameras, remember to set the pixel format to RGB 32-bit, UYVY, or YUY2. Now when doing a
live grab or snap, the incoming image is corrected by the current flat field calibration data for each pixel.
Use the menu function Tools • Flat Field Correction • Load to load in a flat field correction image from
previously saved calibration data. CamExpert allows saving and loading calibration data for all cameras used with
the imaging system.
Flat Field Correction Control via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Flat Field Correction:
Sapera
FlatFieldEnable = Enable Flat Field Correction {False=0, True=1}
FlatFieldFormat = {RO: mono 8, mono 9, mono 10, RGB}
FlatFieldWidth = read buffer width
FlatFieldHeight = read buffer height
FlatFieldGainMin = read minimum gain value
FlatFieldGainMax = read maximum gain value
FlatFieldOffsetMin = read minimum offset value
FlatFieldOffsetMax = read maximum offset value
FlatFieldGainBuffer = Flat Field correction gain data buffer
FlatFieldOffsetBuffer = Flat Field correction offset data buffer
Sapera++ Class constructor: SapFlatField::SapFlatField
In CamExpert, these features are available from the “Pre-Processing” menu.
XML features for Flat Field Correction:
Not supported
60 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Internal Image Test Patterns
The Genie camera includes a built in test pattern generator that can be used to confirm camera Ethernet connections
or driver installations, without the need for a camera lens or proper lighting. The pattern generator inserts video just
after the sensor A/D converter, therefore Genie processing such as the LUT act on the generator images or on sensor
images.
CamExpert is used to easily enable and select the Genie test patterns. As shown in the following figure, select the
Sensor tab, then select one of the four patterns from the drop menu. Select live grab to see the pattern output.
Genie Test Pattern Selection – on Sensor Tab
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 61
The Genie test patterns are:
•
Horizontal ramp: successive pixel's gray level is incremented by 1 to maximum pixel value then repeated until
the end of line. The gray level is reset to 0 on the following line.
•
Vertical ramp: similar to the horizontal ramp, successive lines are incremented by 1 gray level then repeated
for the full frame.
•
Moving diagonal ramp: combination of the 2 previous schemes, but first pixel in image is incremented by 1
between successive frames. This is a good pattern to indicate motion when doing a continuous grab.
•
Purity: a purity pattern where all pixels have the same value. The gray value is incremented by one on
successive frames to maximum then repeated. This also provides motion for live grabs.
•
Color: Genie outputs a static vertical stripe color bar pattern (each color bar is 64 pixels across–repeated to fill
the acquisition width).
Test Image Select via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Image Test Patterns:
Sapera
TestImageSelector = {Off = 0, Grey Horizontal Ramp = 1, Grey Vertical Ramp = 2, Grey
Diagonal Ramp Moving = 3, Purity = 4, Color = 5}
In CamExpert, these parameters are available in the “Sensor” tab.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Image Test Patterns:
TestImageSelector = {Off = 0, HorizontalWedge = 1, VerticalWedge = 2,
DiagonalMovingWedge = 3, ColorBar = 5}
62 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Events
Genie supports a number of events that a control application can monitor. Events provide real time notification on
various stages of the acquisition sequence and of error conditions. A Sapera application registers callbacks for those
events that need monitoring.
Sapera Callbacks
Two types a callbacks can be registered for events when using the Genie:
•
Transfer events concerning host system buffers.
• Use the Sapera Transfer Module
• In the Sapera C library: see CorXferRegisterCallback
• In the Sapera++ library: see SapXferCallbackInfo class
•
Acquisition events concerning the acquisition device, specifically the Genie camera.
• Use the Sapera Acquisition Module
• In the Sapera C library: see CorAcqDeviceRegisterCallbackByName or
CorAcqDeviceRegisterCallbackByName
• In the Sapera++ library: see SapAcqDeviceCallbackInfo class
Acquisition Device Event Name
(case sensitive strings)
Description
Start of Trigger
Trigger is valid based on the programmed trigger parameters
Start of Exposure
Exposure has started
End of Exposure
Exposure is complete
Feature Value Changed
Parameter value is changed
Feature Info Changed
Configuration parameter is changed
Invalid Trigger
Trigger event (software or external) was invalid
Input Event 0
External Input # 1 has received a valid signal
Input Event 1
External Input # 2 has received a valid signal
Output Event 0
External Output # 1 has changed state
Output Event 1
External Output # 2 has changed state
Transfer Event Name
Description
End of frame transfer
Video frame transferred to host buffer
Event Selection via GigE Vision Compliant Applications
XML features for Events:
EventSelector = {AcquisitionTrigger = 2, ExposureStart = 3, ExposureEnd = 4}
EventNotification = {Off = 0, GigEVisionEvent = 1}
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 63
Network Controls & GigE Vision Parameters
This section describes how to optimize the network configuration for maximum Genie bandwidth. Optimization of
these parameters is highly dependent on the number of cameras connected to a NIC, the data rate of each camera
and the trigger modes used.
Important: Laptop computers may have issues even with a GigE NIC port, either built in or as a PCMCIA
device. This section describes optimizations for both desktop and laptop computers, but laptops may require
additional customization as described in section "Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues" on page 119.
CamExpert GigE Vision Parameters
The Automatic Network Configuration mode sets parameters to a default state. The Optimize mode sets the packet
size to the maximum value as reported by the NIC driver. If this does not provide satisfactory performance, such as
lost data packets, it is possible to optimize transfers by manually setting the network configuration parameters. The
following screen shot of the GigE Vision Parameters shows the CamExpert control set to Manual. Descriptions for
each parameter follow.
64 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Parameter
Description
Network Configuration Mode
Specifies the Network Configuration Mode as either Automatic, Manual, or Optimize. In
general use Optimize mode. Some computers, especially laptops, may require manual
optimization of network parameters.
The following parameters can be modified when Manual mode is selected.
Inter-Packet Delay (in sec)
Specifies the inter-packet delay, in sec. The range of permitted values is 0.000000 to
0.065535. The inter-packet delay is the minimum time interval between two successive
packets. This can be increased if the NIC is unable to keep up with packet arrivals (thus
dropping packets–seen as video noise).
Packet Size (in bytes)
Specifies the maximum packet size, in bytes. The range of possible values is 576 to 1500,
in increments of 4 bytes when the NIC does not support jumbo packet. The maximum is
currently 9000 bytes when jumbo packets are supported (see "Increasing Adapter Buffers
and Jumbo Frames" on page 24 to enable jumbo packets on the NIC). In most situations,
use the largest possible packet size supported by your network elements. In order to
support jumbo packets, all intermediate network elements must support them, otherwise
they will simply be silently discarded and no image data will reach the PC.
Heartbeat Timeout (in Sec)
Specifies the heartbeat timeout, in seconds. The range of permitted values is 0.5 to 65, in
increments of 0.001 seconds. This is used by the camera to ensure the PC application is
still linked. If the heartbeat timeout expires, the camera will shutdown the connection to
the current application.
Maximum Packet Resend
Sets the percentage of packets that can be resent for each frame. This is used to ensure
the streaming data (including resends) does not exceed the Ethernet link capacity. As an
example, a system capturing at 80 MB/s can allow 25% of packet resends without
exceeding 100 MB/s (about the maximum capacity of a gigabit Ethernet link).
Network Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant
Applications
Genie Sapera parameters for Network Configuration:
Sapera
NetworkConfigurationMode = {Automatic = 0, Manual = 1}
InterPacketDelay = Minimum delay in µs between image packets
PacketSize = Image packet size in bytes
HeartbeatTimeout = Heartbeat period (watchdog) in ms before camera disconnect
MaximumPacketResend = Sets percentage of packets that can be resent per frame
In CamExpert, these parameters are available under the “GigE Vision” tab.
See "Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT" on page 66.
XML features for Network Configuration:
PayloadSize = Size of the payload in bytes. This is the total number of bytes sent in the payload.
No packet headers
Other networks parameters may be available through the 3rd party package used.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 65
Sapera Supported Features List
The Genie features and its currently set values can be read by a Sapera application. The Sapera tool CamExpert is
an example of an application that reads and writes Genie parameters to control its operation. The following tables
group the Genie features by their feature type—STRING, ENUM, INT32, and BOOL.
Accessing Features with Sapera++ LT
When working with Genie features, the SapAcqDevice class provides functions for accessing features from devices
such as a GigE-Vision camera. The class also contains functions for sending commands and registering events to
devices.
• SapAcqDevice::GetFeatureInfo returns information on a feature associated with a specified name or
index.
• SapAcqDevice::SetFeatureValue writes a new value for a feature.
• All information about the feature is stored in a SapFeature class object.
An important factor when reading or modifying Sapera features values is the feature Write Mode. Each Genie
feature description includes the access type and write mode as defined in the following table.
Access Type
Write Mode
RO
Read Only
N.valid
Write Not Valid
RW
Read or Write
Always
Write Always (anytime)
Wo
Write Only
N.acq
Write when transfer object Not Acquiring
N.conn
Write when transfer object is Not Connected
Refer to the Sapera++ LT Programmer's manual (OC-SAPM-SPPP0).
Feature Type STRING
Feature Name
Acces
s
W-mode
Type
Value
Server Name
RO
N.valid
STRING
Genie_C1024_1 (example)
Number of Features
RO
N.valid
STRING
(number dependent on firmware version)
DeviceVendorName
RO
N.valid
STRING
DALSA
DeviceModelName
RO
N.valid
STRING
Genie C1024 (example)
DeviceVersion
RO
N.valid
STRING
1.30.122 (example)
FirmwareVersion
RO
N.valid
STRING
14275 (example)
DeviceID
RO
N.valid
STRING
S1234567 (example)
MACAddress
RO
N.valid
STRING
00:01:0D:A0:F0:41 (example)
DeviceUserID
RW
N.acq
STRING
Inspection-1 (user set example)
66 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Feature Type ENUM
Feature Name
Acces
s
W-mode
Type
Values
Interface
RO
N.valid
ENUM
GigE Vision = 0
DeviceScanType
RO
N.valid
ENUM
Area scan = 0
Linescan = 1
ColorType
(dependent on camera model)
RO
N.valid
ENUM
Monochrome Sensor = 0
CFA Bayer Sensor GR = 1
CFA Bayer Sensor RG = 2 (current)
CFA Bayer Sensor GB = 3
CFA Bayer Sensor BG = 4
RGB Sensor = 5
ExposureMode
RW
N.acq
ENUM
Programmable = 1
Pulse Controlled = 2
ExposureAlignment
RW
N.acq
ENUM
Synchronous = 0
Reset = 1
FlatFieldFormat
(dependent on camera model)
RO
N.conn
ENUM
Mono 8 - Unsigned = 16844800
Mono 9 - Unsigned = 16779520
Mono 10 - Unsigned = 16779776
RGB = 1124075520
Flip
RW
ENUM
Off = 0 (future feature)
Horizontal = 1
TestImageSelector
RW
Always
ENUM
Off = 0
Grey Horizontal Ramp = 1
Grey Vertical Ramp = 2
Grey Diagonal Ramp Moving = 3
Purity = 4
Color = 5
LUTFormat
(dependent on camera model)
RO
N.valid
ENUM
Mono 8 – Unsigned = 16844800
Mono 8 – Signed = 285280256
Mono 9 – Unsigned = 16779520
Mono 9 – Signed = 285214976
Mono 10 – Unsigned = 16779776
Mono 10 – Signed = 285215232
RGB = 1124075520 (color Genie)
TriggerSource
RW
N.acq
ENUM
Input 1 = 0
Input 2 = 1
Software = 2
OutputSelectorOutput_1
RW
Always
ENUM
Open = 0
Close = 1
Strobe On: Start of Exposure = 2
Pulse On: Valid Trigger = 4
Pulse On: Invalid Trigger = 5
Pulse On: Start of Readout = 6
Pulse On: End of Readout = 7
Pulse On: End of Acquisition = 8
Pulse On: Input 1 = 9
Pulse On: Input 2 = 10
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 67
OutputSelectorOutput_2
RW
Always
ENUM
Open = 0
Close = 1
Pulse On: End of Exposure = 3
Pulse On: Valid Trigger = 4
Pulse On: Invalid Trigger = 5
Pulse On: Start of Readout = 6
Pulse On: End of Readout = 7
Pulse On: End of Acquisition = 8
Pulse On: Input 1 = 9
Pulse On: Input 2 = 10
PolarityInput_1
RW
Always
ENUM
Active High = 0
Active Low = 1
PolarityInput_2
RW
Always
ENUM
Active High = 0
Active Low = 1
PolarityOutput_1
RW
Always
ENUM
Active Close = 0
Active Open = 1
PolarityOutput_2
RW
Always
ENUM
Active Close = 0
Active Open = 1
PixelFormat
RW
N.conn
ENUM
Bayer Raw8 = 17301513
RGB 32-bit = 35651607
UYVY = 2166358018
( 34603039 w/driver 1.20 )
YUY2 = 34603039
Power-upConfig
RW
N.acq
ENUM
Factory Default = 0
Camera Configuration 1 = 1
TimestampResetSource
RW
Always
ENUM
Reset Off = 0
Input 1 = 1
Input 2 = 2
TimestampCounter
RW
Always
ENUM
Internal Clock (1µs resolution) = 0
Input 1 = 1
Input 2 = 2
End of Readout = 3
SaveCameraConfigurationSelector
RW
N.conn
ENUM
Camera Configuration 1 = 1
LoadCameraConfigurationSelector
RW
N.conn
ENUM
Factory Default = 0
Camera Configuration 1 = 1
NetworkConfigurationMode
RW
N.conn
ENUM
Automatic = 0
Manual = 1
68 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Feature Type INT32
The feature list for type INT32 has an additional column 'Exponent' which defines the feature's native unit. This
exponent value is used as a unit multiplier so that the feature value is expressed as an integer, not a decimal number.
•
As an example from the following table, the Genie frame rate is 60000 with an exponent of 3. Therefore the
frame rate native unit is mHz. The current value shown – 60000 mHz, is actually 60.000 Hz.
Feature Name
Acces
s
W-mode
Type
Exponent
Sample Value
DeviceMaxThroughput
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
18432000
SensorWidth
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
1024 (example)
SensorHeight
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
768 (example)
FrameRate (mHz)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 3
20000
BlackLevel
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 0
0
Gain
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 1
0
GainRed
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 1
0
GainGreen
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 1
0
GainBlue
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 1
0
ExposureTime (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
16384
TriggerDelayToIntegration (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
FramesPerTrigger
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 0
1
LUTNumberEntries
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
256
DebounceInput_1 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
10
DebounceInput_2 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
10
PulseDelayOutput_1 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
PulseDurationOutput_1 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
PulseDelayOutput_2 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
PulseDurationOutput_2 (μS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
Width
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
1024
Height
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
768
OffsetX
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
0
OffsetY
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
0
SaperaBufferFormat
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
1628311552
PixelSize
RO
N.valid
INT32
EXP10: 0
16
InterPacketDelay (μS)
RW
N.acq
INT32
EXP10: 6
0
PacketSize
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
1500
HeartbeatTimeout (mS)
RW
Always
INT32
EXP10: 3
500
MaximumPacketResend
RW
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 1
10
LUTData
RW
N.conn
Buffer
FlatFieldGainBuffer
RW
N.conn
Buffer
FlatFieldOffsetBuffer
RW
N.conn
Buffer
FlatFieldGainMin
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
FlatFieldGainMax
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
FlatFieldOffsetMin
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 69
FlatFieldOffsetMax
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
FlatFieldWidth
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
FlatFieldHeight
RO
N.conn
INT32
EXP10: 0
(see note 1)
Note 1: not displayed in CamExpert; not saved in a camera configuration file (CCF)
Feature Type BOOL
Feature Name
Access
W-mode
Type
Value
LUTEnable
RW
N.conn
BOOL
True/False
TriggerEnable
RW
N.acq
BOOL
True/False
TriggerSoftware
RW
Always
BOOL
True/False
FlatFieldEnable
RW
N.conn
BOOL
True/False
TimestampReset
WO
Always
BOOL
True/False
SaveCameraConfiguration
WO
N.conn
BOOL
True/False
LoadCameraConfiguration
WO
N.conn
BOOL
True/False
Feature Interdependence Diagrams
The following diagrams describe operational feature availability which are dependent on user selected modes. These
diagrams show what features are set to a value, and they show which feature parameters remain as user variables.
Each diagram uses the following symbol set to indicate the dependent action type.
gray box
User Action
Function Enabled
The event “Feature Info Changed” is sent. Other feature properties might have changed too.
Function Disabled
The event “Feature Info Changed” is sent. Other feature properties might have changed too.
Forced Value
The event “Feature Value Changed” is sent if the forced value is different from the previous value.
Set Max Value
The event “Feature Info Changed” is sent if the new value is different than the previous value.
Set Max Value
The event “Feature Value Changed” is sent if the new range causes the value to be not within the
valid range. The feature is usually set to the new maximum. When the maximum range increases,
the “Feature Value Changed” event is never set.
70 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Trigger Enable - TRUE
Trigger Enable
TRUE
Trigger Source
Software
Input 1
Exposure Mode
Programmable
Input 2
Exposure Time
Exposure Alignment
Synchronous
Reset
Exposure Mode
Programmable
Pulse Controlled
Exposure Alignment-Reset
Trigger Delay to Integration
Frame Rate
Exposure Time
Exposure Time
Software Trigger
Frame Per Trigger
Trigger Enable - FALSE
Trigger Enable
FALSE
Trigger Source
Exposure Mode
Programmable
Exposure Time
Trigger Delay to Integration
Exposure Alignment-Synchronous
Frame Rate
Exposure Time
Software Trigger
Frame Per Trigger
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Operational Reference • 71
Output Selector
Output X Selector
Output X Pulse Delay
Open
Close
Strobe On: Start of Exposure
Pulse On: End of Exposure
Output X Pulse Duration
Output X Polarity
Pulse On: Valid Trigger
Pulse On: Invalid Trigger
Pulse On: Start of Readout
Pulse On: End of Readout
Pulse On: End of Acquisition
Output X Pulse Delay
Output X Pulse Duration
Output X Polarity
Pixel Format
Pixel Format
Raw Bayer
RGB
UYVY
YUY2
SaperaBufferFormat
PixelSize
LUTEnable
SaperaBufferFormat
PixelSize
LUTEnable
Network Configuration Mode
Network Configuration Mode
Automatic
Optimize
Manual
Packet Size
Heartbeat Timeout
Inter-Packet Delay
Max Packet Resend
Packet Size
Heartbeat Timeout
Inter-Packet Delay
Max Packet Resend
72 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
ROI Management
Buffer Top
Buffer Height
Frame Rate
Buffer Top
Buffer Height
Buffer Width
Buffer Left
Buffer Left
Buffer Width
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Exposure Time
Operational Reference • 73
74 • Operational Reference
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Network Overview & Tools
Using Genie with Ethernet Switches
Examples where a Gigabit Ethernet switch would be used are:
•
Multiple Genie cameras are controlled by one computer and a single NIC (running multiple instances of
CamExpert as an example of the control program).
•
Multiple Genie cameras are individually controlled by multiple computers, all located on the same subnet.
In these cases the Ethernet switch is a transparent device. The device discovery process finds all Genie cameras, and
presents them as ready to be controlled by an application such as CamExpert.
Using Genie with a VLAN Ethernet Switch
An Ethernet switch supporting VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) allows multiple isolated subnets to exist on the
same switch.
Within each VLAN group, the Genie camera and controlling computer will behave identically as if connected to a
simple Ethernet switch. But each VLAN group is isolated from each other, Therefore a Genie in one VLAN group
is never seen by a computer on a different VLAN group.
VLAN Ethernet Switches support configuration as Port-based or TAG VLAN groups. Port-based groups are
typically easier to configure. Review your Ethernet switch manual for information on its factory default VLAN
settings and configuration method.
IP Configuration Mode Details
The following descriptions provide more information on the IP configuration modes supported by Genie. In general
automatic IP configuration assignment is sufficient for most Genie installations.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Network Overview & Tools • 75
Link-Local Address (LLA)
•
LLA is also known as Auto-IP. It is used for unmanaged networks including direct connections from a GigE
Vision device to a dedicated NIC.
•
A subnet configured with LLA cannot send packets across routers but only via Ethernet switches.
•
LLA is the recommended scheme when only one NIC is connected to GigE cameras. LLA is fully automatic
requiring no user input.
Ensure only one NIC is using LLA on your PC, otherwise IP conflicts will result.
•
The NIC will automatically assign a random IP address within the 169.254.x.x subnet. The LLA protocol
ensures there are no conflicts with other devices through an arbitration scheme.
•
The Windows NIC configuration must be set to DHCP (the typical default case) and no DHCP server must be
present on the network. Otherwise, an IP address gets assigned by the DHCP server. Windows will turn to LLA
when no DHCP server answers requests coming from the NIC.
•
Windows takes up to 1 minute to obtain an LLA IP address. With Windows XP, with no DHCP server
involved, the network adapter icon in the system tray (in Windows XP) typically shows "limited or no
This is normal (see Microsoft KB article #892896) and indicates that the network does
connectivity".
not have connectivity beyond routers.
•
Windows and Genie are still running the DHCP process in the background. If a DHCP server becomes
available on the network, the NIC will get a DHCP assigned IP address for the connected device but
connections on the LLA IP address will be lost.
•
Important: If the host system has multiple NIC devices configured with LLA, then the communication stack
cannot accurately resolve which NIC to forward an IP packet on the 169.254 segment. Limit the number of NIC
configured using LLA to one interface. See "GigE Server Warning Example 1a: IP error with multiple NICs"
on page 110 for additional information.
•
Use the DALSA Network tool to change the Genie from the default DHCP/LLA mode to Persistent IP mode
when required, such as when there are multiple NIC devices with Genie connected to each. Note that DALSA
recommends DHCP/LLA as the mode of operation where a switch is used to connect multiple Genie devices.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
•
This Genie IP configuration mode requires a DHCP server to allocate an IP address dynamically. The Genie
must be configured to have DHCP enabled. This is the factory default settings.
•
The DHCP server is part of a managed network. Windows XP itself does not provide a DHCP server function.
A dedicated DHCP server is required. Open-source DHCP server software can be found on the Internet, but
they might not provide the same level of functionality as commercial-grade DHCP servers.
•
A DHCP server is recommended where there are multiple NIC ports with multiple GigE Vision devices
attached. Each NIC ports must use a different subnet to avoid IP address conflicts (see "GigE Server Warning
Example 1a: IP error with multiple NICs" on page 110). Persistent IP assignment is required if there is no
DHCP server for any additional subnet.
•
Under Windows, a NIC is configured in DHCP mode by default. If no DHCP server is present on a given
subnet, Windows will revert to LLA as explained in the section above.
•
Ensure that a different subnet is assigned to each NIC on the network. Typical ranges are 192.200.x.x or
10.10.x.x for internal networks.
76 • Network Overview & Tools
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Persistent IP
•
This protocol is only suggested if the user fully controls the assignment of IP addresses on the network and a
GigE Vision camera is connected beyond routers.
•
The GigE Vision camera is forced a static IP address. The NIC IP address must use the same subnet otherwise
the camera is not accessible.
•
If the Genie camera is connected to a network with a different subnet, it cannot be accessed.
•
The DALSA network configuration tool is used to set a persistent IP address.
•
An example of a Persistent IP address assignment on a class B network:
•
Persistent IP = 192.168.1.1
•
Subnet Mask = 255.255.0.0
•
Default Gateway = 0.0.0.0
•
Warning: an incorrect IP address assignment might make it impossible to connect to the camera. In such a case
the DALSA network configuration tool includes a function to recover a Genie camera with an unknown
persistent IP and set the Genie to the factory default setting, i.e. DHCP/LLA mode. The Genie MAC address
must be known to use this function. See "Recovering a Camera with an Unknown Persistent IP" on page 81 and
"GigE Server Warning Example 2: Subnet Mask or IP error" on page 112.
•
For GigE Vision applications the FORCEIP command is used to force a new persistent IP or to change the IP
configuration protocol. The Genie MAC address must be known to use the FORCEIP command.
•
The following illustration shows a functional computer setup with two NIC ports, but no DHCP server. The
first uses the default LLA mode for IP addresses, while the second NIC and the Genie cameras connected to it
are configured with a persistent IP. An application on the computer can control each Genie camera, on each
subnet, without conflict.
169.254
169.254
169.254
192.168
192.168
192.168
.0.248
.0.246
.0.244
.0.244
.0.246
.0.248
Subnet
169.254. xxx. xxx
Subnet mask 255.255 . 0 . 0
(default LLA mode) NIC 169.254.0.242
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Subnet
192.168. xxx. xxx
Subnet mask 255.255 . 0 . 0
PCI
NIC
192.168.0.242 Persistent IP Mode:
NIC and Genie cameras are
assigned IP addresses within
the same Subnet
Network Overview & Tools • 77
Network Configuration Tool
The Network Configuration tool provides information on all network adapters installed in the system and any
connected GigE Vision devices. For the Genie, the tool allows a simple method to assign a User-Defined name and
also to set a Persistent IP address instead of the default DHCP/LLA assigned IP address. Using this tool, Genie
network configurations can be easily made without having to use any Windows Control Panel application.
Important: Any changes made with this tool will update the Genie flash memory. Do not remove power from the
Genie camera for a minimum 10 seconds. Then cycle the Genie power to load the new flash settings.
Quick Genie Network Configuration
•
Start the Network Configuration program from the windows start menu: Start•Programs•DALSA•Sapera
Network Imaging Package•DALSA Network Configuration Tool.
•
The left display window will show all installed network adapters and any connected Genie camera.
•
Click on a Genie camera to see information such as MAC address, current IP address, serial and firmware
numbers.
•
Click in the User Defined Name edit box and change the Genie name as required. Click on the Update button to
write into the Genie memory.
Genie Network Information
•
Select the Device Configuration tab to switch from the default IP configuration mode DHCP/LLA to
Persistent IP mode (only if required).
•
With Persistent IP mode selected enter the desired IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.
Important: do not forget the persistent IP address you assign, else the camera can not be controlled.
78 • Network Overview & Tools
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie IP Configuration
System Information and Configuration
Select the system icon (the computer symbol) in the left pane to display current system information which may be
required when documenting Genie installations. There are no user changeable fields in the System Information
tab.
In the right hand pane click on the System Configuration tab. Three user settings are provided which can be
changed from their default settings for production systems after all configuration items are tested and debugged.
•
Auto Discovery Period: Sets the time delay between when new Genie devices are searched for on the system
network connections. This time interval can be increased if changes to the number of connected cameras is
seldom made.
•
Windows Firewall Exception List: By default the Sapera GigE Server is added to the Windows Firewall
exception list. This ensures the Windows Firewall remains active (if it was enabled) without having to
individually put each Genie application program in the exception list. If the computer is using a different
firewall software package, refer to that firewall's software manual to allow the Sapera GigE Server to have
access through it.
Alternatively, it is possible to exclude a specified NIC from using the firewall. The NIC dedicated to the Genie
camera does not need Windows firewall. See "Disabling Windows Firewall" on page 115 for details on
excluding a NIC from firewall settings.
•
Broadcast Device Conflict Detection: By default the Sapera GigE Server attempts to detect and identify IP
network conflicts. This broadcast mechanism consumes CPU cycles which may interfere with image data in a
network using multiple Genie cameras. When a multiple camera system is defined, tested and declared stable,
the device conflict detection function can be disabled.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Network Overview & Tools • 79
System Configuration
Network Card Information and Configuration
Select a network card icon in the left pane to see the NIC configuration parameters. The Network Configuration tool
ensures that no two NIC devices installed in the computer are on the same subnet, since that would create a conflict.
A warning message is displayed in such a case, indicating that a settings change is required for one of the NIC.
NIC Information
80 • Network Overview & Tools
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
NIC IP and Network Imaging Driver Assignment
For each NIC, it is possible to configure the IP configuration mode (either DHCP/LLA or Persistent IP) if required
via the NIC Configuration tab.
Warning: Changing the NIC IP address may put it on a different subnet than the Genie. Changing the NIC IP
configuration first might cause the case where the camera becomes inaccessible from the NIC.
The proper sequence is to first change the camera IP configuration then change the NIC IP.
After installation, all system NIC devices have the Sapera Network Imaging driver enabled. Only the NIC
connected to a Genie camera requires the Network Imaging driver enabled to capture images from Genie. The
Network Imaging driver streams image data efficiently to image buffers.
• Select other NIC devices in the system and disable the Network Imaging Driver if they are not used with a
Genie camera.
• Additionally, any system NIC can be excluded from the camera discovery process to eliminate unnecessary use
of system resources for network connections that do not have Genie cameras, or where that network NIC
should be ignored during the discovery process.
Recovering a Camera with an Unknown Persistent IP
When a Genie camera has been configured with a persistent IP address, that camera can not be controlled if its IP
address has been lost or forgotten. The DALSA Network Configuration tool provides a function to recover cameras
and reset them back to the DHCP/LLA mode. The camera can also be set to a new persistent IP address immediately
if required.
Important: To recover a Genie camera, the camera MAC address must be known. DALSA ships all Genie
cameras with a label stating its serial number and MAC address. Additionally the NIC connected to the Genie
must be configured for LLA mode.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Network Overview & Tools • 81
To recover a Genie:
•
Start the Network Configuration program from the windows start menu: Start•Programs•DALSA•Network
Interface•DALSA Network Configuration Tool.
•
From the menu bar click on Advanced and then on Recover Camera.
•
On the dialog enter the camera MAC address and click the Recover Camera button.
Camera Recovery Dialog
•
If the camera requires a persistent IP address, select the bullet to assign a persistent IP immediately with
recovery. Enter the new IP address and click on Recover Camera.
Important: Any changes made with this tool will update the Genie flash memory. Do not remove power from the
Genie camera for a minimum 10 seconds. Then cycle the Genie power to load the new flash settings.
82 • Network Overview & Tools
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Creating a Status Report
Before contacting DALSA technical support, the user should review the Troubleshooting section of this manual
(see "Troubleshooting" on page 107). Most installation, configuration, and imaging issues are documented along
with their solutions.
To aid technical support, the tool can save a network configuration report. From the File menu select “Save current
status”. You will be prompted for a filename for the report text file. This file should always be sent with any request
for technical support.
Sapera GigE Server Details
This section provides additional details on the GigE Server not covered in the Genie installation section of this
manual. Generally the Genie automatic installation requires no user intervention.
•
The Sapera GigE Server implements the GigE Vision Control Protocol (GVCP). This provides the interface to
generate GVCP messages to control and configure a GigE Vision device.
•
GigE Server handles the heartbeat messages, allowing an application in development, to be single-stepped
while in debug mode, without loss of the camera connection.
•
GigE Server is a single application going through the firewall. This simplifies firewall settings as only this
application needs to be listed in the firewall exceptions.
•
The GigE Server periodically rescans the network to discover any new camera that might have been added to
the network. This will also identify devices removed.
•
When required, it is possible to disabled the GigE server. A Sapera application will then directly be linked to
the library responsible for GigE Vision control channel communications. This can be used to minimize interprocess communications.
•
The GigE Server Status window provides valuable information about the GigE Vision devices present on your
system (see "Problem Type Summary" on page 107).
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Network Overview & Tools • 83
Status Window Description
User Name
User assigned identification
Manufacturer
Manufacturer for this device
Model
GigE Vision device model
Serial Number
Device serial number
Firm Ver
Device firmware revision number
MAC address
Device MAC address
Camera IP
Device current IP address
NIC IP
NIC IP associated with the GigE server
Filter driver
Network driver status
MaxPktSize
Largest packet size that should be used for image streaming.
This is found using the Test Packet mechanism of GigE Vision.
ABI
Sapera Application Binary Interface to communicate with the device
Status
General device status
Note that the user can resize columns or drag any column header to reorder the displayed
information. Column order is automatically saved in an .ini file when the Genie Framework is
uninstalled and reinstalled.
84 • Network Overview & Tools
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Sapera CamExpert Guide
Using CamExpert with Genie Color Cameras
CamExpert is the camera interfacing tool supported by the Sapera library. When used with a Genie camera,
CamExpert allows a user to test all Genie operating modes. Additionally CamExpert saves the Genie user settings
configuration to the camera or saves multiple configurations as individual camera parameter files on the host system
(*.ccf).
An important component of CamExpert is its live acquisition display window which allows immediate verification
of timing or control parameters without the need to run a separate acquisition program.
For context sensitive help, click on the
button then click on a camera configuration parameter. A short
description of the configuration parameter will be shown in a popup. Click on the
for more descriptive information on CamExpert.
button to open the help file
The central section of CamExpert provides access to the Genie parameters. Five tabs group Genie parameters
depending on their type as described in the summary below. Each Genie configuration parameter is described in
detail following the summary.
Camera Information
Displays Genie firmware details such as camera model, version, serial number
and MAC address. Users can set the User ID and set the power-up
configuration mode.
Sensor Parameters
Displays both static and variable sensor parameters that are Genie model
specific. Variable parameters control Genie exposure, gain and exposure
controls. The internal test image is selected here.
I/O Controls
Provides controls for trigger source and I/O pin configuration.
Image Buffer and ROI
Provides controls for buffer pixel depth, image size and cropping.
GigE Vision
Provides advance controls to optimize the network connection.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Sapera CamExpert Guide • 85
CamExpert Panes
The CamExpert application uses 5 windows to simplify choosing and configuring camera files or acquisition
parameters for the installed device.
•
Device pane: View and select from any installed Sapera acquisition device. Once a device is selected
CamExpert will only present acquisition parameters applicable to that device.
•
Parameters pane: Allows viewing or changing all acquisition parameters supported by the acquisition device.
CamExpert displays parameters only if those parameters are supported by the installed device. This avoids
confusion by eliminating parameter choices when they do not apply to the hardware in use.
•
Display pane: Provides a live or single frame acquisition display. Frame buffer parameters are shown in an
information bar above the image window.
86 • Sapera CamExpert Guide
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
•
Control Buttons: The Display pane includes CamExpert control buttons. These are:
Acquisition control button:
Click once to start live grab, click again to stop.
Single frame grab:
Click to acquire one frame from device.
Software trigger button:
With the I/O control parameters set to Trigger Enabled / Software
Trigger type, click to send a single software trigger command.
CamExpert display controls:
(these do not modify the frame buffer data)
Stretch image to fit, set image display to original size, or zoom the
image to any size and ratio.
Histogram / Profile tool:
Select to view a histogram or line/column profile during live
acquisition.
•
Camera pane: Allows selecting any camera file that is included with the Sapera installation. Only camera files
supported by the selected acquisition device. When there is more then one acquisition server, such as
monochrome and RGB, selecting an inappropriate camera file will produce a message prompting you to select
the correct acquisition server.
•
Output pane: Displays messages from CamExpert or the device driver.
•
Video Status bar: Located on the lower right of the CamExpert window, color coded camera signal status
information is displayed. Green for valid signals detected, red for missing or incorrect signals. Video status
items may differ with different devices.
Most of these panes can be hidden via the menu bar view command. Typically after selecting an acquisition device
and loading a camera file, the Device and Camera windows can be closed.
CamExpert LUT Controls
The Lookup Table dialog allows you to configure the LUT if it is available on the device. Genie color cameras
support an RGB 8-bit LUT. To open this dialog, use the Pre-Processing > Lookup Table > Setting menu command.
Note that you must first enable the Lookup Table, otherwise the Setting command will be grayed-out.
To select the type of LUT to use, click the LUT Mode Value field; a drop-down list box displays the available
modes. The Lookup Table dialog displays a graph of the input and output values for the selected LUT. These are
CamExpert common examples for LUT operations. A Sapera application can program the Genie LUT for any
required LUT operation. See "Lookup Table (LUT)" on page 57 for Genie LUT support.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Sapera CamExpert Guide • 87
CamExpert available LUT examples are briefly described below. The LUT function graphic simplifies
understanding the operation especially when user settings modify the LUT function.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Normal (default): modifies all LUT entries using a linear mapping such that a gray level input is equal to
the output
Arithmetic operation: modifies all LUT entries using an arithmetic operation
Binary pattern: modifies some LUT entries based on a binary pattern
Boolean operation: modifies all LUT entries using a Boolean operation
Gamma correction: modifies all LUT entries using Gamma correction function
Linear invert: modifies all LUT entries using a linear mapping with a negative slope
Position shift: modifies LUT entries with a zero position offset
Bit shift: modifies LUT entries with a binary bit shift
Slope within range: modifies part of a LUT with a linear mapping
Single Threshold: modifies all LUT entries using a threshold operation
Double Threshold: modifies all LUT entries using a dual level threshold operation
88 • Sapera CamExpert Guide
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications
Mechanical Specifications
The following sections show 3D views and the mechanical dimensions for Genie with C-mount or CS-mount, and
also for Genie with right-angled lens mounts. Additional notes follow the figures.
Genie 3D View with C-mount and CS-mount
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 89
Genie C-mount and CS-mount Mechanical Specifications
90 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Genie 3D View with Right-angle C-mount and CS-mount
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 91
Genie Right-angle C-mount and CS-mount Mechanical Specifications
92 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Additional Notes on Genie Mechanical
Genie supports a screw lock Ethernet cable (see "Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables" on page 102).
For information on Genie lens requirements see "Optical Considerations" on page 98.
Lens flange focal distance = 17.52 mm for C-mount.
Lens flange focal distance = 12.52 mm for CS-mount.
The camera top also has four mounting holes in identical locations.
Connectors
•
A single RJ45 Ethernet connector for control and video data to the host Gigabit NIC. Genie is available with
an industrial case supporting a screw lock Ethernet cable (see "Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables" on page
102).
•
A single 12-pin Hirose male connector for power, trigger and strobe signals. The suggested female cable
mating connector is Hirose model HR10A-10P-12S.
12-Pin Hirose Connector Signal Details
The following figure shows the pinout identification when looking at the Genie camera 12-pin male Hirose
connector. The table below the figure lists the Genie I/O signal specifications.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 93
12-Pin Hirose Connector Pinout
Pin
Direction
Genie Signal (see details below)
Notes
1
-
Power GND
2
-
+12V DC power supply
3
Out
Output 1 -
4
Out
Output 1 +
5
In
Input 1 -
RS422- or TTL GND
6
In
Input 1 +
RS422+ or TTL
7
Out
Output 2 + / Strobe +
8
Out
Output 2 - / Strobe -
9
-
10% tolerance
Reserved
10
-
Reserved
11
In
Input 2 +
RS422+ or TTL
12
In
Input 2 -
RS422- or TTL GND
shell / shield
via cable shield
Genie chassis connects to supply earth ground
improves EMI shielding
Genie Signal Electrical Details
•
Power Supply (pin 2): +12V DC nominal.
Operating tolerance +10% to –10%.
Over voltage and reverse voltage protection circuit built in. The protection circuit is reset by shutting down or
disconnecting the power supply.
•
The 12-pin Hirose male connector shell and cable shield should connect to the supply earth ground to improve
EMI shielding.
External Inputs
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Opto-coupled (2V to 12V, 2mA minimum) with internal current limit.
RS422 or TTL signal type (see figures below).
24 Volt signals supported with additional external current limiting (see figure below).
Used as trigger or integration control.
External signal polarity selected via configuration parameter.
User programmable debounce time from 1 to 255µs.
See "Input Controls via Sapera LT or GigE Vision Compliant Applications" on page 51.
The opto-coupler is typically a Fairchild HMHA281 with the following characteristics.
Input Electrical Parameter Description
Voltage threshold to turn OFF
Voltage threshold to turn ON
Value
0.8 V
2V
Minimum input current to turn ON
2 mA
Maximum input current
50 mA
Minimum input pulse width to turn ON
30 µs
Output rise time (typical)
10 µs
Output fall time (typical)
50 µs
Maximum input voltage
13 V
Maximum reverse voltage
-6V
94 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
3.3V
Genie
V+
4.7K
Event
Signal
680
Buffer
driver
Trigger
Debounce
IN+
IN
.01µf
example
74HC244
INFairchild
HMHA281R
Hirose 12
connector
TTL External Signal Example
3.3V
Genie
4.7K
680
Trigger
Debounce
IN+
Event
Signal
Buffer
driver
IN
.01µf
IN-
example
SN75179B
Hirose 12
connector
Fairchild
HMHA281R
RS-422 External Signal Example
3.3V
Genie
4.7K
Event
Signal
680 1/2W
680
Trigger
Debounce
IN+
IN
.01µf
IN-
Hirose 12
connector
Fairchild
HMHA281R
24 Volt External Signal Example
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 95
External Outputs
•
Programmable output mode such as strobe, event notification, etc. (see "Output Control via Sapera LT or
GigE Vision Compliant Applications" on page 56).
5V
Genie
10K
680
75
Output Signal
Example 74LS14
NEC
PS2805-1
Hirose 12
connector
Output Driving a TTL User Circuit
The opto-coupler is typically a NEC PS2805-1 with the following characteristics.
Output Electrical Parameter Description
Maximum voltage difference
Value
13 V
Maximum current through opto-coupler
12mA
Minimum output pulse width
100 us
Maximum switch closure transition time
12 µs
Maximum switch open transition time
40 µs
96 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
RJ45 LAN Ethernet Connector Details
The RJ45 LAN connector has two LEDs for network status conditions.
The LED color codes are as follows.
Network Connection
Network Activity
Green
100Mbps
Off
no network activity
Orange
1000Mbps
Yellow
typically blinking – active
Network Connection
Network Activity
The Genie LAN connector is a standard Ethernet socket. Use CAT5e or CAT6 certified Ethernet cables. CAT5e
cable is rated for 100 MHz spectral bandwidth but CAT6 cable is rated for a 200 MHz spectral bandwidth with less
signal attenuation, therefore strongly recommended for long connection lengths.
The interconnection Ethernet cable can be either Straight Through or Crossover cable type. The Gigabit Ethernet
standard for devices defines that they will auto-negotiate send and receive channels, eliminating the need for users
to use a specific Ethernet cable type.
Camera Status LED
The Genie has one multicolor LED to provide a simple visible indication of the operational status of the camera.
When more than one condition is active, the LED color indicates the condition with the highest priority. The
following table summarizes the LED states and corresponding camera status.
LED State
Definition
LED is off
No power to the camera
Steady Red
Camera not initialized
Slow Flashing Red
Camera initialization problem
Fast Flashing Red
Camera is too hot
Slow Flashing Blue
Waiting for an IP address
Fast Flashing Blue
Ethernet cable disconnected (no link)
Steady Blue
IP address assigned; no application connected to the camera
Steady Green
Application connected
Slow Flashing Green
Triggered acquisition in progress
Fast Flashing Green
Free running acquisition in progress
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 97
Optical Considerations
This section provides an overview to illumination, light sources, filters, lens modeling, and lens magnification. Each
of these components contribute to the successful design of an imaging solution.
Illumination
The amount and wavelengths of light required to capture useful images depend on the particular application. Factors
include the nature, speed, and spectral characteristics of objects being imaged, exposure times, light source
characteristics, environmental and acquisition system specifics, and more. The DALSA Web site,
http://vfm.dalsa.com/, provides an introduction to this potentially complicated issue. Click on the Application
Support link and then select the CCD Technology Primer. Review “Radiometry and Photo Responsivity” along
with other sections of interest.
It is often more important to consider exposure than illumination. The total amount of energy (which is related to
the total number of photons reaching the sensor) is more important than the rate at which it arrives. For example,
5μJ/cm2 can be achieved by exposing 5mW/cm2 for 1ms just the same as exposing an intensity of 5W/cm2 for 1μs.
Light Sources
Keep these guidelines in mind when selecting and setting up light source:
•
LED light sources are relatively inexpensive, provide a uniform field, and longer life span compared to other
light sources. However, they also require a camera with excellent sensitivity.
•
Halogen light sources generally provide very little blue relative to infrared light (IR).
•
Fiber-optic light distribution systems generally transmit very little blue relative to IR.
•
Some light sources age such that over their life span they produce less light. This aging may not be uniform—a
light source may produce progressively less light in some areas of the spectrum but not others.
Filters
CCD cameras are extremely responsive to infrared (IR) wavelengths of light. To prevent infrared from distorting the
images you scan, use a “hot mirror” or IR cutoff filter that transmits visible wavelengths but does not transmit
wavelengths over 750nm. Examples are the Schneider Optics™ B+W 489, which includes a mounting ring, the
CORION™ LS-750, which does not include a mounting ring, and the CORION™ HR-750 series hot mirror.
98 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Lens Modeling
Any lens surrounded by air can be modeled for camera purposes using three primary points: the first and second
principal points and the second focal point. The primary points for a lens should be available from the lens data
sheet or from the lens manufacturer. Primed quantities denote characteristics of the image side of the lens. That is, h
is the object height and h′ is the image height.
The focal point is the point at which the image of an infinitely distant object is brought to focus. The effective focal
length (f′) is the distance from the second principal point to the second focal point. The back focal length (BFL) is
the distance from the image side of the lens surface to the second focal point. The object distance (OD) is the
distance from the first principal point to the object.
Primary Points in a Lens System
Magnification and Resolution
The magnification of a lens is the ratio of the image size to the object size:
m=
h'
h
Where m is the magnification, h’ is the image
height (pixel size) and h is the object height
(desired object resolution size).
By similar triangles, the magnification is alternatively given by:
m=
f'
OD
These equations can be combined to give their most useful form:
h'
f'
=
h OD
This is the governing equation for many
object and image plane parameters.
Example: An acquisition system has a 512 x 512 element, 10μm pixel pitch area scan camera, a lens with an
effective focal length of 45mm, and requires that 100μm in the object space correspond to each pixel in the image
sensor. Using the preceding equation, the object distance must be 450mm (0.450m).
10μm 45mm
=
100μm
OD
OD = 450mm(0.450m)
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 99
Sensor Handling Instructions
This section reviews proper procedures for handling, cleaning, or storing the Genie camera. Specifically the Genie
CCD sensor needs to be kept clean and away from static discharge to maintain design performance.
Electrostatic Discharge and the CCD Sensor
Cameras contain charge-coupled device (CCD) image sensors, which are metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) devices
and are susceptible to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD).
Electrostatic charge introduced to the sensor window surface can induce charge buildup on the underside of the
window that cannot be readily dissipated by the dry nitrogen gas in the sensor package cavity. When charge buildup
occurs, surface-gated photodiodes (SGPDs) may exhibit higher image lag or a highly non-uniform response, with
some pixels displaying a much higher response when the sensor is exposed to uniform illumination. The charge
normally dissipates within 24 hours and the sensor returns to normal operation.
Important: Charge buildup will affect the camera’s flat-field correction calibration. To avoid an erroneous
calibration, ensure that you perform flat-field correction only after a charge buildup has dissipated over 24 hours.
Protecting Against Dust, Oil and Scratches
The CCD window is part of the optical path and should be handled like other optical components, with extreme
care.
Dust can obscure pixels, producing dark patches on the sensor response. Dust is most visible when the illumination
is collimated. The dark patches shift position as the angle of illumination changes. Dust is normally not visible when
the sensor is positioned at the exit port of an integrating sphere, where the illumination is diffuse.
Dust can normally be removed by blowing the window surface using a compressed air blower, unless the dust
particles are being held by an electrostatic charge, in which case either an ionized air blower or wet cleaning is
necessary.
Oil is usually introduced during handling. Touching the surface of the window barehanded will leave oily residues.
Using rubber finger cots and rubber gloves can prevent oil contamination. However, the friction between the rubber
and the window may produce electrostatic charge that may damage the sensor.
Scratches can be caused by improper handling, cleaning or storage of the camera. When handling or storing the
Genie camera without a lens, always install the C-mount protective cap. Scratches diffract incident illumination.
When exposed to uniform illumination, a sensor with a scratched window will normally have brighter pixels
adjacent to darker pixels. The location of these pixels changes with the angle of illumination.
100 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Cleaning the Sensor Window
Even with careful handling, the sensor window may need cleaning. The following steps describe various cleaning
techniques to clean minor dust particles to accidental finger touches.
•
Use compressed air to blow off loose particles. This step alone is usually sufficient to clean the sensor window.
Avoid moving or shaking the compressed air container and use short bursts of air while moving the camera in
the air stream. Agitating the container will cause condensation to form in the air stream. Long air bursts will
chill the sensor window causing more condensation. Condensation, even when left to dry naturally, will deposit
more particles on the sensor.
•
When compressed air cannot clean the sensor, Dalsa recommends using lint-free ESD-safe cloth wipers that do
not contain particles that can scratch the window. The Anticon Gold 9”x 9” wiper made by Milliken is both
ESD safe and suitable for class 100 environments. Another ESD acceptable wiper is the TX4025 from
Texwipe.
•
An alternative to ESD-safe cloth wipers is Transplex swabs that have desirable ESD properties. There are
several varieties available from Texwipe. Do not use regular cotton swabs, since these can introduce static
charge to the window surface.
•
Wipe the window carefully and slowly when using these products.
Environment
Operating Temperature:
0° to 45° C (at front plate)
Storage Temperature:
0° to 70° C
Relative Humidity:
5% to 90% non-condensing (operating)
0% to 95% (storage)
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 101
Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables
Components Express Inc. has available an industrial RJ45 CAT6 cable that on one end has a molded shroud
assembly with top/bottom thumbscrews, while the other end has a standard RJ45. This cable is recommended when
Genie is installed in a high vibration environment.
Contact sales at DALSA for availability of Genie with female mounts for this secure Ethernet cable.
All cables made in
U.S.A. – all cables
RoHS compliant.
CAT6 certified (tested for near end / far end crosstalk and return loss).
For Information
contact:
Components Express, Inc. (CEI)
10330 Argonne Woods Drive, Suite 100
Woodridge, IL 60517-4995
Phone: 630-257-0605 / 800.578.6695 (outside Illinois)
Fax: 630-257-0603
http://www.componentsexpress.com/
102 • Technical Specifications
IGE-3M (3meters)
IGE-10M (10meters)
IGE-25M (25meters)
IGE-50M (50meters)
IGE-100M (100meters)
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
C/CS-Mount NIR and UV Filter
Midwest Optical Systems has available a C-mount NIR/UV filter. This filter screws into the Genie camera before
mounting the lens. The figures below show the filter before mounting into the Genie, followed by the filter physical
specifications and pass spectrum. Contact Midwest Optical Systems directly for technical information and pricing.
Physical
Specifications:
Outside diameter: 25.4mm, 32 NS2A thread (c-mount thread)
Clear Aperture: 19.5mm
Thickness: 3.0 ±0.1mm
BP550 UV + NIR BLOCK/VISIBLE PASS
100.00
90.00
80.00
70.00
60.00
Transmission (%) 50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
350
450
550
650
750
850
950
1050
Wavelength (nm)
For Information
contact:
Midwest Optical Systems
322 Woodwork Ln.
Palatine Il. 60067 USA
Tel: 847-359-3550
http://www.midwestopticalsystems.com/
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 103
Back Focal Variance when using a Filter
Inserting a filter either in front of a lens or between a lens and sensor (as when using a C-mount filter), changes the
focal point of the lens used. A variable focus lens simply needs to be adjusted, but in the case of a fixed focus lens,
the changed focal point needs correction. The following simplified illustration describes this but omits any
discussion of the Optics, Physics, and the math behind the behavior of light through different media.
C-Mount
Filter
Lens
sensor surface
(focal plane)
Focal Point with
filter is behind
sensor surface
(see text)
Illustration: Change of Focal Point with inserted C-mount filter
In this example using the Midwest Optical Systems C-mount NIR/UV filter, the image will be projected about 1/3
of the filter thickness behind the sensor plane. In order to compensate for this, the fixed focus C mount lens needs to
be unscrewed (counterclockwise) 1/3 of filter thickness or 1000 microns. This is approximately 1.25 turns. A spacer
would be preferred else the lens will need to be secured in the correct position. Alternatively use a variable focus
lens and secure its focus ring after adjustment.
In simplified equation form:
d≅
t
3
Where:
d
t
104 • Technical Specifications
is the change (increase) in back focal distance due to the filter glass
higher index of refraction
is the thickness of the filter glass
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Computer Requirements for Genie Cameras
The following information is a guide to computer and networking equipment required to support the Genie camera
at maximum performance. The Genie camera series complies with the current IPv4 Internet Protocol, therefore
current Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) equipment should provide trouble free performance.
Host PC System
•
•
•
•
Pentium 4 system (or AMD equivalent) with 512 MB system memory.
System motherboard without an embedded graphic card. Avoid using onboard video cards as they may
compete with other components for shared memory.
High performance video card as either an AGP bus or PCI Express bus.
Operating System: Windows 2000 SP1, Windows XP, and Windows Vista are supported.
Network Adapters
•
•
•
GigE network adapter (either add on card or on motherboard). The Intel PRO/1000 MT adapter is an
example of a high performance NIC. Typically a system will need an Ethernet GigE adapter to supplement
the single NIC on the motherboard.
PCI Express adapters will outperform PCI adapters.
Network adapters that support Jumbo Frames will outperform adapters with fixed packet size frames.
Laptop Information
•
Laptop computers with built in GigE network adapters may still not be able to stream full frame rates from
Genie. Thorough testing is required with any laptop computer to determine the maximum frame rate
possible (see "Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues" on page 119).
Ethernet Switch Requirements
When there is more than one device on the same network or a camera-to-PC separation greater than 100 meters, an
Ethernet switch is required. Since the Genie GigE camera complies with the Internet Protocol, it should work with
all standard Ethernet switches. However, switches offer a range of functions and performance grades, so care must
be taken to choose the right switch for a particular application.
Ethernet to Fiber-Optic Interface Requirements
In cases of camera-to-PC separations of more than 100 meters but an Ethernet switch is not desired, a fiber-optic
media converter can be used. The FlexPoint GX from Omnitron Systems (http://www.omnitron-systems.com/)
converts GigE to fiber transmission and vice versa. It supports multimode (MM) fiber over distances of up to 220 m
(720 ft.) and single-mode (SM) fiber up to 65 km (40 mi.) with SC, MT-RJ, or LC connector types.
Important: The inclusion in this manual of GigE to fiber-optic converters does not guarantee they will meet
specific application requirements or performance. The user must evaluate any supplemental Ethernet equipment.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Technical Specifications • 105
EC & FCC Declaration of Conformity
106 • Technical Specifications
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting
Overview
In rare cases an installation may fail or there are problems in controlling and using the Genie camera. This section
highlights issues or conditions which may cause installation problems and additionally provides information on
computers and network adapters which have caused problems with Genie. Emphasis is on the user to perform
diagnostics with the tools provided and methods are described to correct the problem.
The GigE Server status provides visual information on possible Genie problems. The three states are shown in the
following table. Descriptions of possible conditions causing an installation or operational problem follow. Note that
even a Genie installation with no networking issue may still require optimization to perform to specification.
Device Not Available
Device IP Error
Device Available
A red X will remain over the
GigE server tray icon when the
Genie device is not found. This
indicates a network issue where
there is no communication with
Genie. Or in the simplest case,
the Genie is not connected.
The GigE server tray icon
shows a warning when a device
is connected but there is some
type of IP error.
The GigE server tray icon
when the Genie device is
found. The Genie has obtained
an IP address and there are no
network issues. Optimization
may still be required to
maximize performance.
GigE Server
Tray Icon:
Note: It will take
a few seconds for
the GigE Server
to refresh its state
after any change.
Problem Type Summary
Genie problems are either installation types where the Genie is not found on the network or setup errors where the
Genie device is found but not controllable. Additionally a Genie may be properly installed but network optimization
is required for maximum performance. The following links jump to various topics in this troubleshooting section.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 107
Device Not Available
A red X over the GigE server tray icon indicates that the Genie device is not found. This indicates either a major
camera fault or condition such as disconnected power, or a network issue where there is no communication.
• Review the section "Installation Overview & Preparations" on page 18 to verify required installation steps.
• See "Network Configuration Tool" on page 78 to review networking details.
Device IP Error
The GigE server tray icon shows a warning with IP errors. Review the following topics on network IP problems to
identify and correct the condition.
Multiple Camera Issues
•
•
•
•
When using multiple cameras with a computer with multiple NIC ports, confirm each Genie has been
assigned an IP address by checking the GigE server (see "Sapera GigE Server Details" on page 83).
LLA mode can only be used for one NIC port. For other NIC ports use a DHCP server or persistent IP. For
details see "GigE Server Warning Example 1a: IP error with multiple NICs" on page 110 and "GigE Server
Warning Example 1b: IP error with multiple NICs" on page 111.
To reduce network traffic in configured problem free systems, use the Network Configuration tool to
conflict and camera discovery broadcasts. See "Network Card Information and Configuration" on page 80
and "System Information and Configuration" on page 79.
When using multiple cameras connected to an VLAN Ethernet switch, confirm that all cameras are on the
same subnet setup on that switch. See "Using Genie with a VLAN Ethernet Switch" on page 75.
Other IP Issues
•
•
"GigE Server Warning Example 2: Subnet Mask or IP error" on page 112
"GigE Server Warning Example 3: Filter Driver (CorSnid) Disabled" on page 112
Device Available but with Operational Issues
A properly installed Genie with no network issues may still not perform optimally. Operational issues concerning
cabling, Ethernet switches, multiple cameras, and camera exposure are discussed in the following sections:
Always Important
•
•
•
Why should Genie firmware be updated? See "Firmware Updates" on page 113.
"Power Failure During a Firmware Update–Now What?" on page 114
"Cabling and Communication Issues" on page 114
Getting Timeout Messages
•
•
See "Acquisition Error with a Timeout Message" on page 115
Or specifically "Disabling Windows Firewall" on page 115
No Timeout messages
•
•
I can use CamExpert to grab (with no error message) but there is no image (display window stays black).
See "Acquisition Error without Timeout Messages" on page 117.
There is no image and the frame rate is lower than expected. See "Camera is functional but frame rate is
lower than expected" on page 117.
108 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
•
There is no image but the frame rate is as expected. See "Camera is functional, frame rate is as expected,
but image is black" on page 117.
There is a problem with the acquisition
•
"Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise" on page 117
Other problems
•
•
"Ethernet Switch Issues" on page 120
"Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues" on page 119
Verifying Network Parameters
DALSA provides the Network Configuration tool to verify and configure network devices and the Genie network
parameters. See section "Network Configuration Tool" on page 78 if there were any problems with the automatic
Genie software installation.
Before Contacting Technical Support
Carefully review the issues described in this Troubleshooting section. To aid DALSA personnel when support is
required, the following three status files should be generated and included with the request for support.
•
The host computer network status file is generated by following the instructions "Creating a Status Report" on
page 83.
•
From the computer folder [installation drive]:\DALSA\Genie\bin there is a report.txt file automatically
generated on firmware updates.
•
From the Start menu, go to Programs • Dalsa • Sapera LT • Tools and run the Log Viewer program. From its
File menu click on Save Messages to generate a log text file.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 109
Installation Issues and Functional Problems
This section covers issues indicated by the GigE server tray icon shows a warning symbol.
GigE Server Warning Example 1a: IP error with multiple NICs
The screenshot below shows an IP conflict error due to two (or more) NICs that are all set to LLA mode. In this
case both NICs are assigned the same IP subnet address preventing communication with any connected Genie.
•
When multiple NICs are used, only one can be set to LLA mode. A second NIC connected to Genie must use
the persistent IP mode or must have a DHCP server on that subnet. The following illustration shows such a
setup.
LLA Mode (only 1 NIC)
NIC 1
Host Computer
LLA Mode (error)
NIC 2
Persistence Mode - OK
DHCP Options
DHCP Server
Software
NIC n
DHCP Server
Hardware
•
For more information see "Using Genie with Ethernet Switches" on page 75, and "IP Configuration Mode
Details" on page 75.
110 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
GigE Server Warning Example 1b: IP error with multiple NICs
As a second example, the screenshot below shows an IP conflict error similar to the example above but the second
NIC has no camera connected (or only an Ethernet switch).
•
The following illustration shows an example of this fault condition. The second NIC has no Genie connected
ether directly or via a switch.
LLA Mode (only 1 NIC)
NIC 1
Host Computer
LLA Mode (error)
NIC 2
Persistence Mode - OK
Ethernet
Switch
•
The solution again is that the second NIC must use the persistent IP mode or must have a DHCP server on that
subnet.
•
For more information see "Using Genie with Ethernet Switches" on page 75, and "IP Configuration Mode
Details" on page 75.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 111
GigE Server Warning Example 2: Subnet Mask or IP error
The screenshot below shows that the Genie device is not accessible. This IP error is an example of the Genie being
assigned a persistent IP address with an incorrect subnet mask.
•
This example error was made using the DALSA Network Configuration tool, where the Genie was set to
Persistent IP mode with an incorrect subnet mask.
•
Once the incorrect setting was applied, the Genie was not accessible to the Network Configuration tool or any
application.
•
The DALSA Network Configuration tool provides a device recovery function to force the Genie back to LLA
mode. See "Recovering a Camera with an Unknown Persistent IP" on page 81.
•
An alternative solution is to change IP address of the NIC to match the camera subnet. This might be preferable
if a DHCP server is running on this segment (as the Recovery process requires the NIC to be in LLA mode).
GigE Server Warning Example 3: Filter Driver (CorSnid) Disabled
The screenshot below shows that the Genie device was found but there is an issue with the filter driver (CorSnid).
Such problems occur because the filter driver has become disabled or never installed correctly.
•
Verify that the Filter driver is enabled in the properties for the NIC used with Genie. The screenshot below
shows a typical installation.
112 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
•
Information about the CorSnid driver is also available from Network Configuration tool.
Device Available with Operational Issues
This section considers issues with cabling, Ethernet switches, multiple cameras, and camera exposure.
Firmware Updates
As a general rule any Genie installation must include the firmware update procedure (see "Updating Genie
Firmware" on page 27). Genie camera firmware that does not match a newer version of installed Genie Framework
software is likely to have unpredictable behavior. Problems might be:
•
Genie is not found by the device discovery process.
•
Genie is found by the Sapera GigE Server but an application such as CamExpert does not see the camera.
•
A Genie that had a fault with a firmware update will boot with default safe firmware. In this case the Genie
behaves normally as a network device but can not function as a camera. Opening the GigE Vision device status
will show the Genie name field as Firmware required.
Important: New Genie cameras installed in previously deployed systems are fully backward compatible with the
older vision application. New Genie cameras must not be programmed with older firmware.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 113
Power Failure During a Firmware Update–Now What?
Don't panic! There is far greater chance that the host computer OS is damaged during a power failure than any
permanent problems with the Genie. When electrical power returns and the host computer system has started, the
Genie firmware reprogramming sequence is as follows.
•
Connect power to the Genie. The Genie processor knows that the operating firmware is corrupt.
•
The Genie status LED is slow flashing red. This will continue for about 2 minutes (pre-2007 Genie cameras
may take up to 5 minutes and has no led status).
•
During this period, the Genie is loading embedded write-protected firmware. When the status LED goes blue
the Genie is initialized with a minimal safe boot firmware.
•
The Genie is now operating normally as a network device but will not function as a camera.
•
Perform the firmware update procedure (see "Updating Genie Firmware" on page 27) again. The Genie is now
be ready for use.
Cabling and Communication Issues
With only two cables connected to Genie, possible cabling issues are limited.
Power supply problems:
•
If the Genie status LED is off, the DC supply power is not connected or faulty. Verify the power supply voltage
at the Hirose connector. See "12-Pin Hirose Connector Signal Details" on page 93 for pinout information.
Communication problems:
•
Use a shielded cable where the Hirose connector shell electrically connects the Genie chassis to the power
supply earth ground. This can eliminate trigger issues in a high EMI environment.
•
Check that the Ethernet cable is clipped both to the Genie and the NIC or switch on the other end.
•
Verify the Ethernet cabling. Poor cables will cause connections to auto-configure at lower speeds.
•
Use the Genie Ethernet status LED to confirm a gigabit connection. Note that a gigabit connection may still
have many packet resends, rendering the connection useless. This condition has been seen with different NIC
products.
•
Use a secured Ethernet cable when the Genie is in a high vibration environment. See "Ruggedized RJ45
Ethernet Cables" on page 102.
•
Check the Ethernet status LEDs on the Genie RJ45 connector. The network speed indicator should show the
expect connection speed and the activity LED should flash with network messages.
•
Verify that the Ethernet cable is CAT5e or CAT6. This is very important with long cable lengths.
•
When using very long cables, up to the maximum specified length of 100m for gigabit Ethernet, different NIC
hardware and EMI conditions can affect the quality of transmission.
•
Minimum recommended Ethernet cable length is 3 feet (1 meter).
•
Use the Log Viewer tool (see point below) to check on packet resend conditions.
•
Run the Sapera Log Viewer: Start•Programs•DALSA•Sapera LT•Tools•Log Viewer. Start the Genie
acquisition program, such as CamExpert. There should not be any "packet resend" messages, else this indicates
a control or video transmission problem due to poor connections or extremely high EMI environments.
114 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Acquisition Error with a Timeout Message
A streaming error is typical with a firewall not allowing the filter driver through. As an example, CamExpert will
run (but start slowly due to initialization timeouts), the Genie is visible in the device pane, but no parameters are
shown to control the camera.
•
If the host computer is using a firewall, either add the GigE Server in the firewall exception list or disable the
firewall completely on the NIC used only with the Genie. Review the following information on disabling
Windows Firewall on the NIC used with Genie.
•
Run the Sapera log viewer program. A firewall block is identified as a timeout event as shown in the following
screen capture (the Genie identifier will match the Genie in use).
Disabling Windows Firewall
Connecting the Genie camera to a system running a firewall would require careful planning of the camera IP and the
ports used by the streaming video and messaging. In general, the Genie camera is installed in a private network or
within a corporate network with an external firewall. In both these cases, the host system that the Genie connects to
does not need to run a firewall, therefore eliminating installation issues.
The Network Configuration tool automatically adds the Sapera GigE Server in the list of Exceptions of the
Windows firewall. Therefore, in most situations, you don’t have to take any special precaution to have the Genie
run through the firewall.
The following figure shows how to turn off the Windows XP firewall when the computer is behind a corporate
network firewall. Run the Windows firewall application from the start menu Start ● Settings ● Control Panel ●
Windows Firewall. If the host computer is running a firewall from a third party, review the program's
documentation to disable its execution.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 115
Turning Windows Firewall Off
With a computer that is not behind a corporate firewall an alternative is to disable Windows firewall only for the
network adapter dedicated for the Genie camera. Such a computer would have two or more network adapters where
one NIC only connects to the Genie—never the Internet.
The following figures show an example of the Windows firewall On but disabled for the network adapter used by
Genie.
Windows Firewall Off for Genie Only
116 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Acquisition Error without Timeout Messages
Streaming video problems range from total loss of image data to occasional loss of random video data packets. The
following section describes conditions identified by DALSA engineering while working with Genie in various
computers and setups.
No camera exposure when expected
•
•
•
Verify by using the camera in free-running mode. Do not use external trigger mode when testing a camera
setup.
If using free-running mode, verify that the exposure period is set to the maximum possible for the set frame
rate.
Load factory default from the Power-up Configuration in CamExpert. This will reset the camera to its
nominal acquisition rate.
Camera is functional but frame rate is lower than expected
•
•
•
Verify Ethernet link speed. If the LAN connection is limited to 100 Mbps, the monochrome Genie frame
rate maximum will be around 30 fps for a 640x480 exposure. Higher resolution Genie models would have
even lower frame rates without a Gigabit Ethernet connection.
If using an external trigger, verify the trigger source rate and Genie parameters such as trigger to exposure
delay.
Verify the exposure mode type is Synchronous, not Reset mode. (See "Synchronization Timing" on page
47).
Camera is functional, frame rate is as expected, but image is black
•
•
•
•
Verify that the lens iris is open.
Aim the Genie at a bright light source.
Check that the programmed exposure duration is not too short or set it to maximum. See "Exposure
Controls" on page 43.
Using CamExpert set the Genie to output its Internal Pattern Generator. This step is typically done for any
camera installation to quickly verify the Genie and its software package. See "Internal Image Test Patterns"
on page 61 for information on using CamExpert to select internal patterns from Genie.
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise
The problem is seen as random noise and missing sections of video data from the acquisition. All configuration
parameters seem correct and the Ethernet cable is secure. The following image shows an example of this type of bad
acquisition while testing a Genie installation with CamExpert (with the Genie set to generate its internal test
pattern).
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 117
Following are various examples of this data transmission problem. The solutions vary but commonly involve
reducing the maximum packet size claimed by the NIC used.
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 1
•
This problem has been seen on some computers where the NIC used does not fully support passing the
maximum jumbo frame possible from the Genie.
•
In the NIC configuration, keep the jumbo frame size set to the maximum allowed. See "Increasing Adapter
Buffers and Jumbo Frames" on page 24.
•
Using CamExpert, test for a good acquisition by reducing the Genie packet size used. See "CamExpert GigE
Vision Parameters" on page 64. Also check for packet resend messages with the Sapera tool "Log Viewer".
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 2
•
This problem has been seen with network adapters using the Realtek RTL8169 chip and associated low-level
driver. In this case the NIC reports a false maximum jumbo frame size.
•
In the NIC configuration, set the jumbo frame size set to less than the maximum allowed. In this example the
NIC reports supporting a maximum jumbo frame size of 8384 but good acquisitions are possible only when the
size is reduced to 7k. See "Increasing Adapter Buffers and Jumbo Frames" on page 24 and the image below.
•
Using CamExpert, test for a good acquisition by reducing the Genie packet size used. Set the value to the new
reduced size set in the NIC configuration. See "CamExpert GigE Vision Parameters" on page 64.
•
Verify there are no packet resend messages with the Sapera tool "Log Viewer".
Grab has Random Bad Data or Noise – Case 3
•
This problem has also been seen with network adapters that do not support jumbo frames but still report a false
maximum packet frame size.
•
When using CamExpert, if the Network Configuration Mode is left as Automatic (default), CamExpert uses the
value the NIC reports as its maximum. This maximum value is actually not supported.
•
Test for a good acquisition by reducing the Genie packet size used. Set the value to a starting value of 1500 to
verify acquisition before trying a higher value. See "CamExpert GigE Vision Parameters" on page 64.
118 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Older Laptop Computer Networking Issues
Laptop computers with built in GigE network adapters may still not be able to stream full frame rates from Genie.
Laptops with gigabit Ethernet PCMCIA boards may not be able to stream video at all unless network parameters are
modified. Thorough testing is required with any laptop computer.
Streaming video problems may change depending on the computer chipset and NIC combinations. Laptops running
on battery power may exhibit more bandwidth issues due to the inherent power saving characteristics of laptops.
This section describes a few configuration items to modify for best performance. Verify the Genie at the frame rates
required or to determine the maximum frame rate possible with the laptop used.
Configuration Recommendations with Laptops
•
In the NIC configuration, keep the jumbo frame size set to the maximum allowed. See "Increasing Adapter
Buffers and Jumbo Frames" on page 24.
•
If VPN software is installed, most likely the VPN driver must be disabled in the NIC properties (open via
Control Panel). This would be required only on the NIC used with the Genie.
•
Run the Sapera Log Viewer: Start•Programs•DALSA•Sapera LT•Tools•Log Viewer. Start the Genie
acquisition program, such as CamExpert. There should not be any "packet resend" messages, else this indicates
problem due to poor connections or extremely high EMI conditions.
•
Packet resends might also be eliminated by adjusting the GigE parameter Inter-Packet Delay. Using CamExpert
(see "CamExpert GigE Vision Parameters" on page 64), increase the inter-packet delay value from 0 to
0.000050 (50µs) and test again.
Problems with Disconnecting NICs
Genie cameras installed in environments with physical motion, vibrations, or high EMI may be disconnected by the
NIC. The following items need to be reviewed to solve the problem.
•
Motion or vibrations may cause data loss because the Ethernet cable connection is not secure. Use a locking
Ethernet cable (see "Ruggedized RJ45 Ethernet Cables" on page 102).
•
High EMI may cause the NIC to drop data or to disconnect and reconnect at a lower data rate. Such situations
do not have simple solutions and may require an expert consultant.
•
Some NIC products may not tolerate any data disruptions. Any condition causing the NIC to drop the
connection may make it unrecoverable. Communication with the Genie can not be reestablished without power
cycling. In this case, trying a variety of NIC products is suggested.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Troubleshooting • 119
Ethernet Switch Issues
An Ethernet switch usually works transparently and presents no problems. Review the following list when
troubleshooting switch issues.
• Is the Ethernet switch powered on.
• Are all ports used configured as active; not disabled.
• Are all ports running at gigabit speeds–not low speed (i.e. not 10 or 100 Mbps).
• Is the switch configured to use Jumbo Frames.
• Verify the Ethernet cabling. Poor cables will cause connections to auto-configure at lower speeds.
• When using a VLAN Ethernet switch, confirm that the Genie and controlling computer are on the same
VLAN subnet group setup on that switch.
• When using a chain of switches, ensure that inter-switch connection speeds are the same (1000 Mbps).
120 • Troubleshooting
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
DALSA Contact Information
Genie Sales Information
Visit our web site:
http://www.imaging.com/
Email:
mailto:info@dalsa.com
International/Canada
DALSA — Montreal office
7075 Place Robert-Joncas
Suite #142
St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada
H4M 2Z2
Tel:
Fax:
(514) 333-1301
(514) 333-1388
USA
DALSA
700 Technology Park Drive
Billerica, Ma. 01821
Tel:
Fax:
(978) 670-2000
(978) 670-2010
Asia Sales Office
DALSA Asia Pacific
Ikebukuro East 13F
3-4-3 Higashi Ikebukuro,
Toshima-ku, Tokyo
Japan
Tel:
Fax:
+81 3 5960 6353
+81 3 5960 6354
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
DALSA Contact Information • 121
Genie Technical Support
Any support question or request can be submitted via our web site:
Technical support form via our web page:
Support requests for imaging product installations,
Support requests for imaging applications
http://www.imaging.com/support
Product literature and driver updates
http://www.imaging.com/download
Before contacting Technical support, the following three status files should be generated and included with the
request for support.
•
The host computer network status file is generated by following the instructions "Creating a Status Report" on
page 83.
•
From the computer folder [installation drive]:\DALSA\Genie\bin there is a report.txt file automatically
generated on firmware updates.
•
From the Start menu, go to Programs • Dalsa • Sapera LT • Tools and run the Log Viewer program. From its
File menu click on Save Messages to generate a log text file.
122 • DALSA Contact Information
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Glossary of Terms
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol provides a way to retrieve the MAC address associated to an IP address.
Bandwidth
Describes the measure of data transfer capacity.
CAT5e Ethernet cable
Category 5e was designed for transmission speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second (Gigabit Ethernet).
CAT6 Ethernet cable
Same as Category 5e, except that it is made to a higher standard. Supports transmission speeds greater than
Gigabit Ethernet with less signal attenuation over a given length of cable.
CCD – Charge-Coupled Device
A type of image sensor converting light into electrical charges.
Contiguous Memory
A block of physical memory occupying consecutive addresses.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
Protocol which provides a mechanism for allocating IP addresses dynamically by a DHCP server on a
network. Typically dedicated DHCP servers are a component of corporate networks. Used for managed
networks.
Driver
Also called a device driver, a program routine that links a peripheral device to the operating system. a
device driver is required for its frame grabber capabilities.
DSNU
Dark Signal Non-Uniformity (equivalent to FPN).
Ethernet Switch
A network device performing bridging at full wire-speed based on MAC addresses. Packet collisions are
eliminated when using a full duplex switch. An Ethernet Switch operates at Layer 2 of the seven-layer OSI
model.
FPN
Fixed Pattern Noise (equivalent to DSNU). FPN is the peak to peak difference between the minimum and
maximum measured values for all active valid pixels sensor in darkness. Fixed Pattern Noise does not
include a Random Noise component.
Frame
One complete image data set or its equivalent storage space.
Frame buffer
An area of memory used to hold a frame of image data. A frame buffer may exist on the acquisition
hardware or be allocated by the acquisition hardware device driver in host system memory.
GigE Vision specification
Specification of the Automated Imaging Association (AIA, www.machinevisiononline.org). Defines the
communication interface protocol used by any GigE Vision device.
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Glossary of Terms • 123
GenICam specification
Specification of the European Machine Vision Association (EMVA, www.emva.org). Defines the
capabilities of any GigE Vision device.
Grab
Acquiring an image frame.
Grayscale
In image processing, the range of available brightness levels, displayed in shades of gray. In an 8-bit
system, the gray scale contains values from 0 to 255.
GVCP – GigE Vision Control Protocol
One of the core protocols of the GigE Vision specification used to control camera. GVCP uses UDP port
3956 on the camera.
GVSP – GigE Vision Stream Protocol
One of the core protocols of the GigE Vision specification used to stream images.
Host
Refers to the computer system that supports the installed frame grabber.
IP – Internet Protocol
The Internet Protocol is the method by which data is sent from one computer to another on a network or
across the Internet. Each device must have an IP address to identify that device on the network or on the
Internet.
LLA
Link-Local Address is a protocol providing a scheme for devices to automatically assign themselves an IP
address and check for IP conflict. Used in unmanaged networks.
NIC
Network Interface Card/Controller. For the Genie products the NIC must be a Gigabit Ethernet interface to
provide sufficient bandwidth.
Pixel
A contraction of "picture element". The number of pixels describes the number of digital samples taken of
the analog video signal. The number of pixels per video line by the number of active video lines describes
the acquisition image resolution. The binary size of each pixel (e.g., 8-bits, 16-bits, 24-bits) defines the
number of gray levels or colors possible for each pixel.
PRNU
Photo-Response Non-Uniformity. For a given even illumination the difference between the minimum and
maximum measured pixel values is the PRNU.
Progressive Scan Camera
The progressive scan format outputs data from the camera (the signal) in sequential order as it is scanned.
The scan format produces a full frame of video in a continuous stream, rather than half the image per
output sequence in standard interlaced cameras.
Random Noise
Random noise is defined as the difference in peak to peak value for any single pixel repetitively sampled,
with the sensor in darkness. For digital cameras the measurement is based on at least 512 samples from any
pixel.
Router
A Router device forwards packets across networks. It operates at Layer 3 of the seven-layer OSI model.
Note that broadcast packets (such as GigE Vision Device Discovery message) do not cross routers.
124 • Glossary of Terms
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
SAT
Saturation Output Amplitude. SAT is the average maximum output level for a specified light input.
Scatter Gather
Host system memory allocated for frame buffers is virtually contiguous but physically scattered throughout
all available memory.
SNR
Signal to Noise Ratio. SNR measures the ratio between random noise and an arbitrary reference signal on
the transmission path or within a device.
Subnet
The subnet is identified by performing the logical AND of the IP address with its subnet mask.
TCP
Connection-oriented transport protocol providing robustness and reliability. Used by many Internet
application, such as HTML.
Trigger
A mechanism that initiates an action when an event occurs such as synchronizing an image acquisition to
an external event. A trigger generally causes a program routine to be executed such as the resetting of
camera exposure and/or the firing of a strobe light.
UDP
User Datagram Protocol is a connectionless transport protocol providing no guaranty of delivery or
reliability. GigE Vision Control Protocol and GigE Vision Stream Protocol are based on UDP.
VLAN
A Virtual Local Area Network is a flexible arrangement where computers connected via a VLAN Ethernet
switch are not necessarily on the same LAN broadcast domain. Refer to the VLAN Ethernet switch
documentation for implementation and configuration details.
VPN
A virtual private network is a private data network that makes use of the public telecommunication
infrastructure, maintaining privacy through the use of a tunneling protocol and security procedures. The
idea of the VPN is to give the company the same capabilities at much lower cost by using the shared public
infrastructure rather than a private one. (source: www.netunlimited.com/glossary.html )
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Glossary of Terms • 125
126 • Glossary of Terms
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Index
1
12-pin male Hirose connector, 93
8
8-bit LUT, 57
A
Acquisition events, 63
administrator, 19
AUTORUN, 19, 20
B
back focal length, 99
Ethernet link speed, 117
Ethernet switch, 75
Ethernet switch issues, 120
event modes, 52
event notification, 96
events, 63
exposure duration, 43
exposure period, 117
Exposure time granularity, 47
external trigger, 117
F
fastest frame rates, 43
feature availability, 70
feature interdependence, 70
feature type, 66
fiber-optic light sources, 98
Firewall exception list, 79
firewall exceptions, 18
firewall issues, 115
firmware update, 19, 27
flat field correction, 58
focal point, 99
Frame Trigger modes, 42
free running mode, 43
C
cable mating connector, 93
camera configuration, 32
camera interfacing tool, 85
camera state LED, 21
camera status, 97
CamExpert parameters, 29
CCD Technology Primer, 98
command jitter, 42
Communication problems, 114
Components Express Inc., 102
controlling event, 42
current system information, 79
D
DALSA Network tool, 76
debounce circuit, 50
device discovery, 29
Device reset complete, 28
DHCP, 23
DHCP server, 76
DHCP/LLA, 78
diagnostic LED, 19
dropping packets, 65
Dust problems, 100
G
gain and black level, 37
gamma adjustments, 57
GenICam Specification, 7, 9
Genie - GigE Vision Compliant, 18
Genie connectors, 21
Genie flash memory, 78
Genie identifier, 29
Genie parameters, 66
Genie rear view, 21
Genie software package, 19
Gigabit NIC, 17
GigE server, 20
GigE Server, 20, 26, 83
GigE Server Status, 83
GigE server tray icon, 20, 23, 107, 108, 110
GigE Vision compliant, 23
GigE Vision Control Protocol, 83
GigE Vision Parameters, 64
GigE Vision Specification, 6, 9
H
E
Edge Pre-select, 44
effective focal length, 99
embedded processing, 57
Ethernet cable type, 97
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
halogen light sources, 98
heartbeat timeout, 65
high EMI, 114, 119
Hirose HR10A-10P-12S, 21
histogram tool, 59
horizontal crop, 40
hot mirror, 98
HTML help, 7
Index • 127
I
I/O signal specification, 93
image buffer, 41
image cropping, 41
image exposures, 42
image processing, 7
incoming image packets, 24
industrial RJ-45, 102
infrared filters, 98
internal pattern, 117
inter-packet delay, 65
invalid trigger, 54
ionized air blower, 100
IP configuration, 21
IP configuration modes, 75
IP configuration protocol, 21, 23
J
jumbo frames, 118
jumbo packets, 65
L
laptop optimizations, 64
laptops, 65
launch.exe, 19, 20
LED color, 97
LED light sources, 98
LED states, 22
light source aging, 98
limited or no connectivity, 76
line rate, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Link-Local Address, 23
Log Viewer tool, 114
long cable lengths, 114
low frame rates, 117
LUT examples, 88
LUT table, 57
M
MAC address, 30
managed network, 76
maximum frame rate, 47
Multiple Genie cameras, 75
multiple subnets, 75
N
network configuration, 26
Network Configuration Mode, 65
network configuration tool, 78
Network Configurations, 17
Network Imaging driver, 20
Network Imaging Driver, 81
network optimizations, 64
network status, 21, 97
NIC host buffers, 24
128 • Index
NIC receive descriptor, 24
O
object distance, 99
operational status, 22, 97
optimize network, 64
opto-coupled inputs, 50
opto-coupled outputs, 51
opto-coupler, 96
output static state, 51
Over voltage, 94
P
packet resend, 118
packet resend conditions, 114
packet resends, 65
packet size, 65
PDF, 7
persistent IP, 78
Persistent IP, 23
persistent IP address, 81
power failure during update, 114
procedures for handling, 100
protection circuit, 94
pulse duration, 52
Pulse Width Control, 45
R
random noise, 117
real time processing, 57
resolution, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Responsivity, 98
reverse voltage, 94
RJ45 Ethernet, 93
routers, 76
S
Sapera block diagram, 16
Sapera CD-ROM, 19, 20
Sapera LT Development Library, 19
Sapera LT User’s manual, 19
Sapera Run-time, 18
secured Ethernet cable, 114
sensor controls, 35
sensor integration period, 43
sensor specification, 9
sensor specifications, 8
sensor synchronization, 47
signal debounce circuit, 50
software triggers, 42
Static electricity, 17
static IP address, 77
status LED sequence, 23
strobe light, 52
subnet, 20, 81
synchronization timing, 43
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
T
test pattern generator, 61
test patterns, 29
threshold processes, 57
Transfer events, 63
U
unmanaged networks, 76
User Name, 30
user-defined name, 30
V
vertical and horizontal cropping, 40
vertical cropping, 39
visible light, 9
VLAN Ethernet switch, 75
VLAN group, 75
W
workstation, 19
X
XML device file, 16
Genie Color Series-GigE Vision Camera
Index • 129