Pulnix TMC-6 Instruction manual

TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Operation Manual
10053
Rev. A
Imaging Products
i
Notice Page
Notice
The material contained in this manual consists of information that is proprietary to JAI PULNiX, Inc., and may only be used
by the purchasers of the product. JAI PULNiX, Inc. makes no warranty for the use of its product and assumes no responsibility
for any errors which may appear or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein. JAI PULNiX, Inc.
reserves the right to make changes without notice.
Microsoft, Windows 95, 98, NT, 2000, XP, and Windows Explorer are either registered trademarks or trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Warranty
Please contact your factory representative for details about the warranty.
Certifications
CE Compliance
The TM-1402 series of cameras has been certified to conform to the requirements of Council Directive 89/336/EC for electromagnetic compatibility and to comply with the following European Standards:
EMC
EN55022: 1998 + A1: 2000 CLASS A
EN55024: 1998 + A1: 2001
All JAI PULNiX products bearing the CE mark have been declared to be in conformance with the applicable EEC Council
Directives. However, certain factory-installed options or customer-requested modifications may compromise electromagnetic
compatibility and affect CE compliance. Please note that the use of interconnect cables that are not properly grounded and
shielded may affect CE compliance.
Contact the JAI PULNiX Applications Engineering Department for further information regarding CE compliance.
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct
the interference at his own expense.
WARNING
Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for
FCC compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
TM-1402 Series Operation Manual
JAI PULNiX, Inc.
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Tel:(408) 747-0300
Tel:(800) 445-5444
Fax:(408) 747-0880
E-mail: imaging@jaipulnix.com
SS
O CIA TI O
N
A3942
S
UL
®
RM
FILE #
R E GI
MEMBER
A
ISO-9001
FI
TED IM
MA
O
NG
GI
A
AU
T
www.jaipulnix.com
TE ED
R
JAI PULNiX, INC.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Camera
Page ii
Table of Contents
1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2.1
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Functional Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2
Unpacking Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Components List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Accessories and Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Camera Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6
2.2.7
2.2.8
2.2.9
2.2.10
3
1
2
3
4
Heat Dissipation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Connector Pin Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Shutter Speed Control Dial (TM-1402 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
RS-232 Communication Cable (TM-1402 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Digital Output Cable (TM-1402 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Camera Link Cable (CL Versions Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Power Supplies and Power Cable Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Attaching the Analog Video Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Attaching the Camera Lens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Back Focus Adjustment (CL Models Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1
Camera Rear Panel (TM-1402) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.2
Camera Rear Panel (CL Versions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.3
3.4
3.5
External VINIT With Pulse Width. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Internal Shutter Speed Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control. . . . . . . 19
Scan Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.8
3.9
Digital Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Analog Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Power and External Sync Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Progressive Scanning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Electronic Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Asynchronous Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.6
3.7
Up/Down Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Digital Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Analog Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Power, RS-232, and External Sync Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Shutter Speed Control Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Mode Selection Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Full Progressive Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Partial Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
External Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Bayer Color Filter (Color Versions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.9.1
3.9.2
3.9.3
3.9.4
3.9.5
3.9.6
3.9.7
Color Filter Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Bayer Color Filter Array (CFA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Starting Pixel Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Sync and Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Camera Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Interpolation Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Color Interpolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.10 Camera Timing Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page iii
Table of Contents
3.11 Serial Communication Kit CS-232C
(not required for “CL” version) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
4
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.1
Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.2
5
Symptom: No Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Symptom: Dark Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Symptom: Non-Synchronized Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Information and Support Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
5.1
5.2
5.3
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Physical Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Spectral Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page iv
List of Figures
FIGURE 1.
TM-1402 System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
FIGURE 2.
TM-1402CL System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
FIGURE 3.
12-Pin Connector on Rear Panel of Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
FIGURE 4.
31-Pin Digital Connector on Rear Panel of Camera (TM-1402 only) . . . . . . . 7
FIGURE 5.
Serial Communication Cable RS-232B-12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
FIGURE 6.
Pinout Configuration for Digital Output Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
FIGURE 7.
12P-02S Interface Cable (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
FIGURE 8.
Back Focus Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
FIGURE 9.
Pulse Width Async Shutter Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
FIGURE 10.
Physical Dimensions (TM-1402). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
FIGURE 11.
Physical Dimensions (TM-1402CL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
FIGURE 12.
Spectral Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page v
List of Tables
TABLE 1.
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
TABLE 2.
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402CL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
TABLE 3.
31-Pin Connector (MP211-031-113-4300) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
TABLE 4.
Connector Pinout Configurations (10226-6212 VC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
TABLE 5.
Shutter Speed Control Dial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
TABLE 6.
Mode Selection Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
TABLE 7.
External Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
TABLE 8.
TM-1402 Series Product Specifications Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
June 22, 2005
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan
Shutter Cameras
Operation Manual
1
Introduction
1.1 Product Description
The PULNiX TM-1402 series consists of high-resolution, high-speed progressive scan CCD cameras.*
The progressive interline-type CCD permits full vertical and horizontal resolution of very high speed
shutter images and applications. The electronic shutter, which has speeds to 1/16,000 sec., can be reset
asynchronously by external pulse control. Several frame rates are available: 15, 30, 56, 98 fps. On-chip
micro lenses provide increased sensitivity.
The TM-1402 has a full dynamic range control function, which can be set at externally selectable lookup-table (LUT) knee slopes to convert 10-bit input to 8-bit output, thereby optimizing the CCD’s full
dynamic range in the normal output signal range. The camera has an 8-bit, RS-644 digital signal output
for interfacing with external image-processing systems. All the key functions are externally controlled
via RS-232C. The TM-1402CL model has a Camera Link output and its key functions are externally
controlled via differential serial communication of Camera Link.
Applications for the TM-1402 include machine vision, medical imaging, intelligent transportation
systems, high-definition graphics, on-line inspection, gauging, character reading, archiving, and highsecurity surveillance.
*. Unless specifically mentioned, all information in this manual is relevant to all cameras in the TM1402 series, including the TM-1402, TMC-1402, TM-1402CL, and TMC-1402CL.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 2
Introduction
1.2 Features
•
Miniature size and light weight
The printed circuit boards in the TM-1402 have been arranged based on a design philosophy that
creates modular electronics for the camera, giving it flexibility. In addition, the use of miniature
solid-state components results in a compact, lightweight camera that is 44mm x 44mm x 64mm in
dimensions, and weighs only 138 grams.
•
Imager
The TM-1402 uses a progressive scan interline transfer CCD that has the following features:
- Resolution of 1392 x 1040 active pixels for excellent image quality.
- 4.65 x 4.65 µm square pixels for precise dimensional measurement.
- High-speed electronic shutter capability for high dynamic resolution of moving objects and
electronic iris control that eliminates the need for a mechanical shutter.
- Progressive scan CCD eliminates interlace deterioration of image and increases ease of
computer interface.
- High sensitivity and low noise at fast scanning. The CCD can drive faster than 50 MHz
pixel clock rate and has an excellent S/N ratio that is greater than 52dB.
- The CCD for the TM-1402 has built-in microlenses.
•
Electronic shutter
The TM-1402 has a substrate drain-type shutter mechanism which provides superb pictures at
various speeds without smearing. A built-in manual shutter speed control selects the electronic
shutter rate of 1/60 (non-async mode only), 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1,000, 1/2,000, 1/4,000, 1/8,000,
or 1/16,000 second.
With VINIT high (5V), the CCD keeps discharging. With a negative pulse to VINIT, the camera
resets and purges the charge momentarily. Then it starts integrating for the period of shutter control
set by either an external pulse width or internal shutter control. Progressive scanning permits a full
1040 lines of vertical resolution, as compared to a conventional CCD camera which captures only
half the vertical lines per shutter.
•
Asynchronous reset (VINIT)
The TM-1402’s asynchronous reset is flexible and accepts external horizontal drive (HD) for phase
locking. When the VINIT pulse is applied, it resets the camera's scanning and purging of the CCD.
There are two modes to control the asynchronous reset and shutter speed:
- External VINIT with pulse width. The duration between pulse edges controls the shutter
speed externally.
- Internal shutter control mode. The speed control varies from 1/125 to 1/16,000 sec. The
video signal starts with internal V reset timing related to shutter speed.
•
Output
The TM-1402 has an 8-bit RS-644 (LVDS) digital output for interfacing with external imageprocessing systems. The TM-1402 camera is also available with RS-422 digital output as an option
(OP-93). The TM-1402CL has a Camera Link output. The analog output is 1.0 Vp-p composite
video (75 Ω).
•
Asynchronous image capturing
The TM-1402 captures async reset images and provides single-shot video output with single FDV.
This makes it simpler for an ordinary frame grabber to capture the async reset images.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 3
Introduction
•
Warranty
The CCD solid-state image sensor allows the camera to maintain a superior performance level
indefinitely while requiring virtually no maintenance. Please contact your factory representative
for details about the warranty.
Warning:
Unscrewing the camera cover or opening the camera in any
way will void the warranty unless prior written approval is
obtained from the factory.
1.3 Functional Options
•
RS-422 (digital) output (OP93) (TM-1402).
•
10-bit output (OP93-1).
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 4
Introduction
1.4 System Configuration
FIGURE 1.
TM-1402 System Configuration
Figure 1 below presents a typical system configuration for the TM-1402 camera.
CDE
AB
UP
3 45 6
45
78 9
Digital cable
2
F0 1
23
8
67 9
01
SHUTTER MODE
DOWN
DIGITAL
1 9
2
3
11
4
RS-232B-12
cable in
CS-232E kit
8
10
7
12
5
6
POWER
VIDEO
BNC cable
12-pin
connectors
analog frame
grabber
Computer with
frame-grabber
board
PD-12 (series)
power supply
OR
Power and
Ext. Sync
FIGURE 2.
12P-02S
TM-1402CL System Configuration
Figure 2 below presents a typical system configuration for the TM-1402CL camera.
26CL-02-26
CAMERA LINK
Power and
Ext. Sync
12P-02S
POWER
VIDEO
or
PD-12P (series)
power supply
Analog
frame grabber
Computer with
Camera Link™
frame grabber
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 5
Installation
2
Installation
The following instructions are provided to help you to set up your camera quickly and easily. We
suggest that you read through these instructions before you unpack and set up your camera system.
2.1 Getting Started
2.1.1
Unpacking Instructions
We recommend that you save the original packing cartons for the cameras and accessories in case you
need to return or exchange an item.
We also recommend that you bench-test any equipment being sent to another location for field
installation to assure that everything is fully operational as a system.
2.1.2
Components List
Please begin by checking your order against the Components List shown below to assure that you have
received everything as ordered, and that nothing has been overlooked in the packing materials. If any
item is missing, please contact your JAI PULNiX representative immediately.
•
TM-1402 camera
•
Document download card (includes instructions on how to download the necessary documentation
and software)
2.1.3
Accessories and Options
Following is a list of additional accessories and options that may be required for your application.
Please check with your JAI PULNiX representative before you install your camera to determine what
you might need.
•
Digital output cable (not required for “CL” version)
- 30DG-02 (for standard model only)
- 26CL-02-26 (for Camera Link model only)
•
Serial Communication Kit CS-232E (not required for “CL” version)
Note:
For CL models, the control software is downloadable. Serial communication is through
the Camera Link cable. No additional accessories are required.
•
PD-12UUP series power supply (see Section 2.2.6 on page 11)
•
12P-02S power cable
2.2 Camera Setup
2.2.1
Heat Dissipation
The TM-1402 camera is a compact 1.4 megapixel camera. Since all the electronics have been packed in
a very small package, the outer case of the camera gets hot due to heat dissipation. JAI PULNiX
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 6
Installation
recommends using a cooling fan to set up a positive air flow around the camera, and following the
precautions below:
•
Mount the camera on a large heat sink (camera bracket) made out of a conductive material such as
aluminum.
•
Make sure the flow of heat from the camera case to the bracket is not blocked by a non-conducting
material like plastic.
•
Make sure the camera has enough open space around it to facilitate the free flow of air.
2.2.2
2.2.2 (a)
FIGURE 3.
Connector Pin Configurations
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402)
12-Pin Connector on Rear Panel of Camera
The TM-1402 has a 12-pin Hirose connector for power input, serial
communication, and signal integration. Pin #1 is Ground and Pin #2 is
+12V DC. Other pins handle a number of input and output functions,
as shown in Table 1 below.
TABLE 1.
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402)
2.2.2 (b)
Pin
Description
Pin
1
GND (power)
7
VD In
2
+12V DC
8
Reserved
3
GND (analog)
9
HD In
4
Video Out
10
RXD (RS-232)
5
GND (digital)
11
N/C
6
VINIT In
12
TXD (RS-232)
1
2
3
9
11
4
8
10
7
12
5
6
Description
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402CL)
The TM-1402CL has a 12-pin Hirose connector for power input and signal integration. Pin #1 is Ground
and pin #2 is +12V DC. The pinout table is shown below. For the TM-1402CL, serial communication
camera control is done via the MDR26 Camera Link connector on the rear panel of the camera.
TABLE 2.
12-Pin Connector (TM-1402CL)
Pin
Description
Pin
Description
1
GND (power)
7
VD in
2
+12V DC
8
Reserved
3
GND (analog)
9
HD in
4
Video out
10
N/C
5
GND (digital)
11
N/C
6
VINIT in
12
N/C
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 7
Installation
2.2.2 (c)
Digital Output Connector (TM-1402 only)
The TM-1402 has a 31-pin AirBorn connector (MP211-031-113-4300) on the rear panel to output 8-bit,
RS-644 video data. The connector pin-out is shown in the figure below.
FIGURE 4.
31-Pin Digital Connector on Rear Panel of Camera (TM-1402 only)
1
16
17
31
Note:
TABLE 3.
CLK: data clock, LDV: Line Data Valid, FDV: Frame Data Valid, INTEG: Integration
control, EXT CLK: external pixel clock, []: Differential input option.
31-Pin Connector (MP211-031-113-4300)
Pin #
Description
I/O
Pin #
Description
I/O
1
CLK+
Out
17
CLK-
Out
2
LDV+
Out
18
LDV-
Out
3
FDV+
Out
19
FDV-
Out
4
GND
20
VINIT (TTL)
N/C
In
In
5
EXT HD (TTL)
[EXT CLK+]
In
21
EXT VD (TTL)
[EXT CLK-]
In
6
N/C
[HD+]
In
In
22
N/C
[HD-]
In
7
N/C
[VINIT+/(VD+)]
23
In
GND
[VINIT-/(VD-)]
In
D0+
Out
24
D0-
Out
8
9
D1+
Out
25
D1-
Out
10
D2+
Out
26
D2-
Out
11
D3+
Out
27
D3-
Out
12
D4+
Out
28
D4-
Out
13
D5+
Out
29
D5-
Out
14
D6+
Out
30
D6-
Out
15
D7+
Out
31
D7-
Out
16
GND
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 8
Installation
2.2.2 (d)
Camera Link Connector
The TM-1402CL has a 26-pin MDR26 connector (3M part number 10226-6212VC) on the rear panel to
output Camera Link data. The connector pin-out is shown in Table 4 below.
13
1
26
TABLE 4.
14
Connector Pinout Configurations (10226-6212 VC)
Camera Link Connector MDR 26-pin Connector 10226-6212VC
Note:
2.2.2 (e)
Pin #
Description
1
GND
2
Tx OUT 0-
3
Tx OUT 1-
4
I/O
Pin #
Description
I/O
14
GND
(Shield)
Out
15
Tx OUT 0+
Out
Out
16
Tx OUT 1+
Out
Tx OUT 2-
Out
17
Tx OUT 2+
Out
5
Tx CLK OUT-
Out
18
Tx CLK OUT+
Out
6
Tx OUT 3-
Out
19
Tx OUT 3+
Out
7
SerTC+
In
20
SerTC-
In
8
SerTFG-
Out
21
SerTFG+
Out
9
VINIT- (CC1-)
In
22
VINIT+ (CC1+)
In
10
INTEG+ (CC2+)
In
23
INTEG- (CC2-)
In
11
N/C
In
24
N/C
In
12
N/C
In
25
N/C
In
13
GND
26
GND
SerTC: Differential Serial Communication to camera;
SerToFG: Differential Serial Communication to frame grabber.
Analog Output Connector
The TM-1402 has a BNC connector on the rear panel
to output non-standard analog video.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 9
Installation
2.2.3
Shutter Speed Control Dial (TM-1402 only)
Shutter speed can be selected by switching the shutter dial to the
appropriate setting (0 through 9). The factory default settings correspond
to the shutter speeds as shown in below.
TABLE 5.
Shutter Speed Control Dial
8
7
9 0 1
2
3
6 5 4
Shutter Exposure Time (Seconds)
2.2.4
FIGURE 5.
Normal
Async
0
no shutter (1/30)
no shutter (1/30)
1
1/60
1/16,000
2
1/125
1/8,000
3
1/250
1/4,000
4
1/500
1/2,000
5
1/1,000
1/1,000
6
1/2,000
1/500
7
1/4,000
1/250
8
1/8,000
1/125
9
1/16,000
Ext. pulse width control
RS-232 Communication Cable (TM-1402 only)
Serial Communication Cable RS-232B-12
2000±20mm
40±3mm
1925±10mm
Receptacle
75mm±5mm
1
6
5
9
Jack
190±5mm
The RS-232 controller set CS-232E includes cable RS-232B-12 interface cable, software disk, and a
quick-start card. The TM-1402 camera’s built-in look-up table (LUT) can be controlled by an external
RS-232 interface. The camera settings can be programmed or changed using the communication cable
and software. Commands from the RS-232 interface will override the rear panel switch settings of the
camera. Please refer to the AccuPiXEL Series Camera-Control Software manual for details on the
graphical user interface.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 10
Installation
2.2.5
Digital Output Cable (TM-1402 only)
Male
Female
17
1
31
16
25.0mm
1.00 in
20
1
37
19
78.74 in (2 meters)
The TM-1402 camera uses the cable 30DG-02 from JAI PULNiX as a digital output cable. This cable
has a 31-pin AirBorn connector on the camera end and a 37-pin D-sub male connector on the other end.
Contact your JAI PULNiX representative regarding availability of interface cables for specific frame
grabber models. Pinout configuration for the digital cable is shown below.
FIGURE 6.
Pinout Configuration for Digital Output Cable
FROM 31 PIN CONN
TO 37 PIN CONN
WIRE COLOR
FROM 31 PIN CONN)
TO 37 PIN CONN
WIRE COLOR
PIN 1
PIN 2
PIN 3
PIN 4
PIN 5
PIN 6
PIN 7
PIN 8
PIN 9
PIN 10
PIN 11
PIN 12
PIN 13
PIN 14
PIN 15
PIN 16
PIN 17
PIN 18
PIN 19
PIN 20
PIN 1
PIN 2
PIN 3
PIN 16
ORG
GRY
WHT
YLW
PNK
ORG
GRY
WHT
YLW
PNK
ORG
GRY
WHT
YEL
PNK
1RED
1RED
1RED
1RED
1RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
2RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
3RED
PIN 21 VD
PIN 22 N/C
PIN 23 GND
PIN 18 NC
PIN 23 GND
PNK
ORG
GRY
1BLU
2BLU
2BLU
PIN 24
PIN 25
PIN 26
PIN 27
PIN 28
PIN 29
PIN 30
PIN 31
PIN 27
PIN 28
PIN 29
PIN 30
PIN 31
PIN 32
PIN 33
PIN 34
WHT
YLW
PNK
ORG
GRY
WHT
YLW
PNK
2BLU
2BLU
2BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
3BLU
ORG
GRY
WHT
YEL
1BLU
1BLU
1BLU
1BLU
CLK+
LDV+
FDV+
GND
HD
INTEG
N/C
DØ+
D1+
D2+
D3+
D4+
D5+
D6+
D7+
NC
CLKCDVFDVVINIT
CLK+
LDV+
FDV+
GND
PIN 37 INTEG
PIN 8
PIN 9
PIN 10
PIN 11
PIN 12
PIN 13
PIN 14
PIN 15
PIN 20
PIN 21
PIN 22
PIN 17
DØ+
D1+
D2+
D3+
D4+
D5+
D6+
D7+
NC
CLKLDVFDVVINIT
DØD1D2D3D4D5D6D7-
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
DØD1D2D3D4D5D6D7-
PIN 35 GND
N/C
PINS 4, 5, 6, 7
19, 24, 25,26,
AND 36
SHIELD
Page 11
Installation
2.2.6
Camera Link Cable (CL Versions Only)
The MDR26 cable assembly (26CL-02-26) from 3M (part number 10226-6212VC) has been
standardized as the Camera Link cable. This cable has the 26-pin MDR26 connector on both ends. This
is a straight-through cable. The pin-out configuration is shown in Table 4 on page 8.
26 Position
High Density
Mini D Ribbon
(MDR) Male Plug
26 Position
High Density
Mini D Ribbon
(MDR) Male Plug
Cable
13
26
25
89
23
21
89
7
21
56
13
18
26
1
23
16
4
25
12
15
24
11
Note:
14
23
10
17
22
19
20
7
20
19
22
56
18
10
4
17
11
16
24
23
15
12
1
14
2X
Thumbscrews
2X
Thumbscrews
For TM-1402CL, serial communication for camera control is done via the Camera Link
connector on the rear panel of the camera.
Cable assemblies and boardmount receptacles can be ordered from 3M.
2.2.7
2.2.7 (a)
Power Supplies and Power Cable Setup
Power Supplies
The TM-1402 requires 12V DC power that is obtained through the 12-pin connector located on the rear
panel of the camera. JAI PULNiX recommends the following power supplies:
PD-12UU
100-240V AC/12V DC
1.2A universal voltage power supply with
US plug
PD-12UUP
100-240V AC
1.2A universal voltage power supply with US plug
and 12-pin connector
PD-12UE
100-240V AC/12V DC
1.2A universal power supply with European plug
PD-12UEP
100-240V AC/12V DC
1.2A universal power supply with European plug and
12-pin connector
If you are providing power through the 12-pin connector, the PD-12UUP and PD-12UEP power
supplies are available with the 12-pin mating connector already attached to the leads from the power
supply. The PD-12UU or PD-12UE power supply can be connected to the JAI PULNiX power cable
either directly or via a terminal strip.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 12
Installation
When wiring the PD-12UU power supply directly, please note the following:
•
The lead ends must be twisted together and tin-soldered for strength and electrical continuity.
•
Shrink tubing or a similar insulator should be used to prevent exposed leads from touching and
shorting.
•
The +12V lead is marked with a red stripe or white lettering; be sure not to reverse the leads.
•
All connections must be properly insulated to prevent shorting.
2.2.7 (b)
JAI PULNiX Power Cables
If you are using JAI PULNiX power cables such as the 12P-02S, please refer to the 12-pin connector
pin-out diagram in “12-Pin Connector (TM-1402)” on page 6. The cable pin-out diagram is shown in
Figure 7 below. The color-coded leads use Gray for Ground and Yellow for +12V.
FIGURE 7.
12P-02S Interface Cable (optional)
+12 V
GND (Gray)
Power (Yellow)
Video Out (Red Coax)
HD In (White Coax)
VD In (Black Coax)
Jack
}
Analog
Frame Grabber
12P-02S Interface Cable
Note:
2.2.7 (c)
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
Pin#
Lead Color
Function
1
Gray
GND
7
Black coax
VD Input
2
Yellow
+12V DC
8
White coax shield
Reserved
3
Red coax shield
GND
9
White coax
HD Input
4
Red coax
Video
10
Brown
RXD
5
Orange coax shield
GND
11
Blue
Integration
6
Orange coax
VINIT IN
12
Black coax shield
TXD
Make sure that the unused leads are not touching and that there is no possibility that
exposed wires could cause the leads to short.
Building Your Own Power Cable
Refer to the 12-pin connector pin-out in Section 2.2.2 (a on page 6. Connect the Ground lead to pin #1,
and the +12V DC lead to pin #2 of the 12-pin connector. Power must be DC-regulated, and of sufficient
current to properly power the camera.
2.2.7 (d)
Attaching the Power Cable to the Connector
The 12-pin connector is keyed and will only fit in one orientation. Follow these directions to properly
attach the power cable to the camera connector:
1.
Rotate the connector while applying slight pressure until the keyways line up.
2.
Press the connector into place until firmly seated.
3.
Plug the power cord into the AC socket. This will power the camera up.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 13
Installation
2.2.8
Attaching the Analog Video Output
When connecting the TM-1402 to an analog frame grabber or a multisync monitor, use the BNC
connector on the rear panel of the camera. The input of the monitor should be balanced for 75Ω
termination. Standard RG-59 type coaxial cable should carry a full video signal for up to 100 feet.
The multi-conductor cable 12P-02S from JAI PULNiX can be used to transmit analog video, power,
sync. signals, and serial communication. The mini coaxial leads in JAI PULNiX multi-conductor cables
are designed for short runs of no longer than 100 feet.
Note: Make sure that no extraneous wires are visible which could cause a short.
2.2.9
Attaching the Camera Lens
The TM-1402 camera accepts 1/2" or larger format size C-mount lenses. To attach the C-mount lens to
the camera, carefully engage the threads and rotate the lens clockwise until it firmly seats on the
mounting ring. Do not force the lens if it does not seat properly. Please note that some lenses with
extremely long flangebacks may exceed the mounting depth of the camera.
2.2.10 Back Focus Adjustment (CL Models Only)
To adjust the back focus, follow the steps below:
FIGURE 8.
1.
Mount the manual lens (i.e. Cosmicar 25mm, F=1.4) on the camera.
2.
Open the lens iris completely and set lens focal length to minimum for the lens used (e.g. 2 ft.). If
the image is not focused properly, set the back focus as follows.
3.
Unscrew the M2x3 hex screw on the Front Panel until the focus ring is loose.
4.
Adjust the silver back focus ring until the image is focused.
5.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 as needed.
Back Focus Adjustment
Back Focus Ring
Backfocus
2 feet
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 14
Operation
Operation
3.1 Camera Rear Panel (TM-1402)
Mode Selection switch
Shutter Speed
Control switch
Up/Down switch
UP
3 45 6
CDE
AB
2
F0 1
23
8
67 9
01
45
78 9
3
SHUTTER MODE
DOWN
Digital Output connector
DIGITAL
Power, RS-232, and
External Sync Connector
1
2
3
9
8
10
11
4
5
6
POWER
3.1.1
Analog Output connector
7
12
VIDEO
Up/Down Switch
The Mode Selection switch works in conjunction with the Up/Down switch. Refer to Table 6 on page 15
for information on the Up/Down switch.
3.1.2
Digital Output Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 (c on page 7 for information on the digital output connector.
3.1.3
Analog Output Connector
The TM-1402 camera has a BNC connector on the rear panel to output analog video data.
3.1.4
Power, RS-232, and External Sync Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 on page 6 for information on the power, RS-232, and external sync connector.
3.1.5
Shutter Speed Control Switch
Please refer to Section 2.2.3 on page 9 for information on the Shutter Speed Control switch. The factory
default setting to the shutter speeds is “no shutter.”
3.1.6
Mode Selection Switch
Various modes can be implemented with the rear panel Mode Selection switch. The Mode Selection
switch works in conjunction with the Up/Down switch and RS-232 external control. Commands from
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 15
Operation
the RS-232 interface will override the rear panel switch settings of the camera. The table below shows
details on various modes.
TABLE 6.
Mode Selection Switch
Mode
Selection
Switch
Position
Mode Information
Up/Down Switch
Functions
0
Switch Disabled
Switch Disabled
None
1
Set Gain
Up / Down
Change gain
2
Set Vtop (A/D)
Up / Down
Change A/D ref. top
3
Set Vbottom (A/D)
Up / Down
Change A/D ref. bottom
4
Gain Selection #1
Up: 9dB, Down: 12dB
Lower gain selection
5
Gain Selection #2
Up: 18dB, Down: 22dB
Higher gain selection
6
Linear LUT
Up
Back to linear table
7
Knee Selection
Up / Down (Scroll)
Scroll 8 different LUTs
8
Async Reset Mode
Up: Normal, Down: Async
Async and normal shutter
9
Factory Default Recall
Up / Down: Recall
Factory setting
A
Power Up Setting
Up: Recall, Down: Save
Power up page setting
B
User Page Storage #1
Up: Recall, Down: Save
User page storage setting
C
User Page Storage #2
Up: Recall, Down: Save
User page storage setting
D
Direct Shutter Control
Up: Increment
Down: Decrement
Change Direct shutter
speed in 1H increments
E
Scan Format2
Up: PS500L
Down: PS250L
Partial Scan 500L
Partial scan 250L
F
Scan Format1
Up: 30fps, Down: 15fps
30 fps, 15 fps
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 16
Operation
3.2 Camera Rear Panel (CL Versions)
CAMERA LINK
1
2
3
9
4
8
10
11
7
12
5
6
POWER
3.2.1
VIDEO
Digital Output Connector
Refer to Section 2.2.2 (d on page 8 for Camera Link information.
3.2.2
Analog Output Connector
The TM-1402CL camera has a BNC connector on the rear panel to output analog video data.
3.2.3
Power and External Sync Connector
Refer to Table 2 on page 6 for information on the power and external sync. connectors.
3.3 Progressive Scanning
Standard TV-system scanning is 525 lines interlace scanning as specified in the RS-170 protocol. Every
other horizontal line (odd lines and even lines) is scanned at a 60Hz rate per field, and the scanning is
completed with two fields (one frame) at 30Hz rate. Because of the interlace scanning, the vertical
resolution of CCD cameras is limited at 350 TV lines, regardless of the horizontal resolution. When
electronic shutter is applied, the CCD can hold only one field of charge at each exposure. Therefore, the
vertical resolution of the electronic-shutter camera is only 244 TV lines. The situation is the same for an
HDTV-format camera, since it has interlaced scanning and the vertical resolution of the shuttered image
is 500 lines.
The TM-1402 uses a state-of-the-art progressive scanning interline transfer CCD which scans all lines
sequentially from top to bottom at one frame rate (30Hz). Like a non-interlace computer screen, it
generates a stable, crisp image without alternating lines and provides full vertical TV resolution of 1040
lines (a normal TV monitor display may not be able to show images due to monitor scanning).
The interline transfer architecture is also important to generate simultaneous shuttering. This is different
from full frame transfer architecture which requires a mechanical shutter or strobe light in order to
freeze the object motion.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 17
Operation
The TM-1402 outputs the progressive scan image with an electronic shutter in two different formats:
•
Progressive scanning digital and analog output
The CCD signal goes through A/D and D/A converters and through 10-bit in, 8-bit out look-up
table (LUT). The digital output is available from 31-pin connector with RS-644 format (50MHz
clock rate).
The analog output is the same as 75Ω, 1Vp-p format at 30Hz rate available from BNC and 12-pin
connector.
•
Partial scan output (display output)
- Partial scan: 500 lines at 56 frames per second.
- Partial scan: 250 lines at 98 frames per second.
Note:
Minimal blooming may occur under partial scanning mode due to the nature of the CCD.
3.4 Electronic Shutter
For more information about the electronic shutter, please see Section 1.2 on page 2.
3.5 Asynchronous Reset
ASYNC RESET
VINIT
VD
TG (TRANSFER GATE)
DISCHARGE PULSE
PROGRESSIVE OUTPUT
VIDEO
Stand-by Image
Shutter Video
Stand-by Image
For more information about Asynchronous Reset, please see Section 1.2 on page 2.
3.5.1
External VINIT With Pulse Width
The TM-1402 can be reset with external reset pulse (VINIT). Set the dial switch to “9”. Apply a pulsewidth control VINIT signal generated from an external event trigger to the camera. The internal reset
pulse will be latched to HD and at the first HD timing from the external pulse leading edge (negative
going edge). The CCD discharge pulse will be generated to clear the images. The internal VD will be
generated at the following edge (positive going edge) of the external pulse, resetting the internal timing
including the video sync. The shutter speed is the same as the external pulse width, but the integration
delays 1H from the leading edge. For the immediate reset option, please contact JAI PULNiX.
For the progressive format, one frame of video output will start from the rising edge of the pulse width
control. In async mode with external pulse input high, the video output will be disabled as the camera
continues discharging the CCD image, providing black video only.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 18
Operation
FIGURE 9.
Pulse Width Async Shutter Timing
No-Delay Shutter
EXT. VINIT (Pulse width control)
HD
INT. VD after trailing edge of EXT. VINIT
Discharge
Exposure time set by pulse width
Transfer Gate
13H
FDV
Vsync
Analog Video Sync
3.5.2
Internal Shutter Speed Control
The video signal starts with internal VD. The camera operates the reset and shutter in the same way as
the external pulse width control mode. When the external VINIT pulse is applied, internal VD is latched
to HD and the internal VD is delayed to set up the shutter speed period. The shutter speed is controlled
by the dial switch from “1” to “8.” Video output timing starts right after the internal VD and single
shots, FDV is output at the internal VD timing.
EXT. VINIT
HD
INT. VD with shutter speed control
Discharge
Exposure time set by shutter speed
Transfer Gate
FDV
13H
Analog Video Sync
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 19
Operation
3.6 Programmable Look-Up Table (LUT) and Knee Control
The TM-1402 has a built-in LUT (look-up table) for dynamic range control.
At a specific gain setting, the offset (minimum level.... dark point) and A/D reference top voltage
(maximum level... saturation point) are set to 10-bit A/D input so that the full dynamic range of the
CCD is utilized at 10-bit references as the input and the LUT output is converted into 8-bit to adjust the
gamma correction.
The 10-bit input is segmented into two or more regions by the knee-point settings as variable gamma
selection.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 20
Operation
LUT selections: (a standard LUT is 10 sets of knee-control LUT)
•
Variable Gamma
•
Variable knee curve
•
Direct input LUT
3.7 Scan Modes
The TM-1402 supports the following scan modes:
line 1
line 2
n
n+1
3.7.1
Progressive scan
Full Progressive Scan
The normal scan mode progressively scans a full frame of 1392 x 1040 pixels at 15/30 frames per
second using the standard 25MHz/50MHz pixel clock and a single channel output. In contrast to
interlace-scan cameras, all of the 1040 lines in the frame are exposed simultaneously per image capture.
3.7.2
Partial Scan
Partial scan is a standard feature in the TM-1402. The TM-1402 has two types of partial scan modes:
500 and 250 lines. Both modes can be selected through software control. The video image in partial
scan mode is the center 500 or 250 lines of video. The maximum frame rate at 500 lines is 56 fps. The
maximum frame rate at 250 lines is 98 fps.
3.8 External Sync
The TM-1402 accepts an external sync of standard HD and VD at TTL level for general locking to a
system sync and clock. The external sync frequency requirement is as follows:
TABLE 7.
External Sync
30 FPS
15 FPS
fHD = 31.1 KHz ±2%
fHD=15.55 KHz±2%
fVD = 29.53 Hz ± 2%
fVD=14.8 Hz±2% for 15 fps
Pixel clock = 50.00 MHz
Pixel clock = 25.00 MHz
3.9 Bayer Color Filter (Color Versions)
JAI PULNiX AccuPiXEL series color cameras are high-resolution, high-speed progressive scan CCD
cameras. The interline transfer, progressive scan CCD permits full vertical and horizontal resolution of
images acquired at very high shutter speeds. The electronic shutter, which has speeds to
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 21
Operation
1/16,000 sec., can be reset asynchronously by external pulse control. Uniform square pixels provide
superior image definition in any orientation. On-chip micro lenses mean increased sensitivity.
3.9.1
Color Filter Array
JAI PULNiX AccuPiXEL cameras use Bayer CFA (color filter array) as their standard primary color
filter. This filter provides the most popular color interpolation supported by numerous software
suppliers.
The digital format, either Camera Link or RS-644, allows the camera to output accurate pixel data,
including the color information. When the data is stored in the frame buffer of a frame grabber or
computer, the color information is easily manipulated to restore the original color images. Because the
color filter array contains only a single R, G or B color in each pixel, the restored image has to fill in
colors in the missing pixel locations. The software uses neighboring pixel information to “guess” the
missing colors to make smooth, clear images. This is called “color interpolation.” Today's high-speed
computers allow such color interpolation to be done almost in real time. Because these cameras do not
contain internal color-processing circuitry, they are smaller and less expensive than full-function color
cameras.
3.9.2
Bayer Color Filter Array (CFA)
The Bayer CFA is an R, G, B primary color filter array. This is the most widely accepted CFA for the
single-chip CCD progressive scan format. This type of array layout has a specific order for each color’s
pixels. Since the human eye’s resolution and color recognition are highest at green, the CFA contains
two greens per each red and blue.
It is critical for the frame grabber and color interpolation to know where the individual color pixels exist
relative to sync (LDV and FDV) timing.
This requirement makes digital output the preferred choice, because the timing relationships are very
accurate.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 22
Operation
3.9.3
Starting Pixel Configuration
All manufacturers produce identical Bayer CFAs, but there are slight differences between the CCDs
produced by different manufacturers. The first line is generally R and G. The Sony CCD starts with R.
The camera timing can be adjusted to start with either G or R by skipping the very first pixels at each
lines. The majority of color interpolation software can select between a variety of pixel relations, such
as R/G start or G/R start, as well as G/B start and B/G start. Once the correct scanning is configured, the
rest of the interpolation will be exactly the same. Please contact JAI PULNiX for further information
regarding CCD manufacturers.
Pixel 1
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
G
B
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
R
G
CCD Output
Last pixel
Last pixel of 1st Line
Horizontal Shift Registers
SONY CCD
3.9.4
Sync and Data
The individual color data is exactly the same as the pixel data. This means that the timing relationships
of the color cameras are also the same as of the B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to each B/W camera’s data sheet and manual.
If the frame grabber has a standard B/W configuration file, then AccuPiXEL color cameras can use that
configuration file to operate. The configuration file may vary, depending on whether the output is
standard (RS-644) or Camera Link. Please consult JAI PULNiX, or your frame grabber supplier for
compatibility information.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 23
Operation
The following diagram is an example of the TMC-1402 (same as TM-1402).
Ext. HD
32.16 µs
(1608p)
216p
LDV
1392p
1392p active pixels
1p=20 ns
Video
(analog)
46p
61p
Ext. VD
33.87 ms
(1053H)
FDV
1040H
13H
3H
1040H (active lines)
Video
1H = 32.16µsec.
3H
It is important to meet the exact starting pixel at LDV and the starting line of FDV. If the starting pixel
or line is shifted due to the image capture configuration, then the interpolation software can be adjusted
for the correct starting point. In figure A, if the first pixel is shifted (missed), the color interpolation
should start with G-R. If the first line is missed in A, the interpolation order will be B-G.
3.9.5
Camera Functions
AccuPiXEL color cameras perform all functions the same way as B/W cameras. However, because of
color characteristics, the following issues are different:
•
LUT (Look-up Table)
LUT is a powerful tool to adjust the dynamic range as well as color dynamic range. Since human color
perception is non-linear, LUT selection can help optimize color contrast by selecting the LUT value.
Gamma 0.45 is logarithmic and is closed to human perception.
When LUT is selected, black-level adjustment must be more accurate than for B/W cameras.
For a detailed timing chart, please refer to the standard AccuPiXEL camera data sheet, or contact JAI
PULNiX.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 24
Operation
3.9.6
Interpolation Software
The color interpolation can be performed in the frame grabber or by using the host computer’s CPU.
Most major frame grabbers with processing capability provide tools for color interpolation. Software
vision packages also provide color interpolation capability, but speed and performance may be
determined by the PC’s resources and by the complexity of the interpolation routine.
3.9.7
Color Interpolation
The Bayer pattern color filter array (CFA) consists of R, G, and B primary colors. Each pixel represents
one of three colors. In order to display or print color images, the signal has to be converted to RGB
output, which has three independent channels (outputs) and sync signals.
Color interpolation software or firmware performs the color
preprocessing by filling the missing color pixels with neighboring
pixels. It then separates the stream of data, (8-bit or 10-bit) into 3 (RGB)
data (8-bit x 3) and adds the color matrix to adjust and balance each of
the R,G, and B channels (white balance or color balance).
The image quality depends on the camera’s own pixel data (including
pixel data independency from neighboring pixels, noise and color filter),
and interpolation of the software algorithm such as 3 x 3 interpolation, 2
x 2 interpolation, color matrix, white balance capability, etc.
Green Red Green
Blue Green Blue
Green Red Green
All AccuPiXEL color cameras are carefully designed for maximum color performance. JAI PULNiX
strongly suggests that you use digital output for the best performance.
Some software is used on board (FPGA or DSP) to perform the interpolation. Other software simply
uses the host computer’s memory and CPU. The process speed may vary depending on the architecture
and speed of the computer.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 25
Operation
3.10 Camera Timing Charts
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 30 Frame /sec
Master Clock: 100 MHz, M=10 nsec
Pixel Clock: 50 MHz, P= 20 nsec
ec
1. Pixel Clock and Digital Data
Pixel Clock
A
Data
Tcd
TdcT
hd
Tcd: Clock to Data Ready
Tdc: Data Ready to Next Clock
Thd: Data Hold Time
Tcc =14 nsec, Tdc = 6 nsec, Thd = 5 nsec.
2. Horizontal Signals
fHD = [ 31.09KHz]
tHD = [ 32.16 µs]
External HD
[ 3 P], (60 ns)
A [ 1447 P], (28.94 µs)
Internal HD
B [ 1608 P], (32.16 µs)
C [12 P], (240 µs)
D [ 216 P], (4.32 µs)
E [ 1392 P], (27.84 µs)
LDV
F [ 1608 P], (32.16µs)
Digital Data
G [ 1392 P], (27.84 µs)
H [ 216 P], (4.32 µs)
Analog Video
K [ 1392 P], (27.84 µs)
I [ 48 P], (960 ns)
L [ 61 P], (1.22µs)
J [ 168P], ( 3.36 µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 26
Operation
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 30 Frames/Second
Master Clock: 100.00MHz, M = 10 nsec
Pixel Clock:
50 MHz, P = 20 nsec
Horizontal Frequency: 31.09KHz
1H = 32.16 usec
3. External Reset Timing
External VD
A [1053 H], (33.86 msec)
B [1 H], (32.16 us)
C [9 H], (289.44 us)
Internal VD
D [1044 H], (33.58 ms)
E [ 1053 H], (33.86 ms)
F [13 H], (418.08 us)
FDV
G [1040 H], (33.45 ms)
Digital Data
H [13 H], (418.08 us)
I [1040 H], (33.45 ms)
Analog Video
J [10 H], (321.60 us)
K [3 H], (96.48 us)
M [1040 H], (33.45 ms)
L [3 H], (96.48µs)
Delay of internal VD depends on the shutter speed.
4. Async Shutter Reset Timing
VINIT Trigger
N [Variable H],(µs)
Internal VD
O [9 H], (289.44 us)
P [1044 H], (33.58 ms)
R [1 H], (32.16 us)
Q [ 1053 H], (33.86 ms)
S [13 H], (418.08 us)
FDV
T [13 H], (418.08 us)
Digital Data
U [1040 H], (33.45 ms)
V [9 H], (289.44 us)
Analog Video
X [1040 H], (33.45 ms)
W [3 H], (96.48µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 27
Operation
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 15 Frame /sec
Master Clock: 50 MHz, M= 20 nsec
Pixel Clock: 25 MHz, P= 40 nsec
1. Pixel Clock and Digital Data
Pixel Clock
A
Data
Tcd
TdcT
hd
Tcd: Clock to Data Ready
Tdc: Data Ready to Next Clock
Thd: Data Hold Time
Tcd = 28 nsec, Tdc = 12 nsec, Thd = 10 nsec.
2. Horizontal Signals
fHD = [ 15.55 KHz]
tHD = [ 64.32 µsec]
External HD
[ 3 P], (120 ns)
A [ 1447 P], (57.88 µs)
Internal HD
B [ 1608 P], (64.32 µs)
C [12 P], (480 ns)
D [ 216 P], (8.64 µs)
E [ 1392 P], (55.68 µs)
LDV
F [ 1608 P], (64.32 µs)
Digital Data
G [ 1392 P], (55.68 µs)
H [ 216 P], (8.64 µs)
Analog Video
K [ 1392 P], (55.68 µs)
I [ 48 P], (1.92 µs)
L [ 61 P], (2.44 µs)
J [ 168 P], (6.72 µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 28
Operation
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 15 Frames/Second
Master Clock: 100.00 MHz, M = 10 nsec
Pixel Clock:
25 MHz, P = 40 nsec
Horizontal Frequency: 15.55 KHz
1H = 64.32 usec
3. External Reset Timing
External VD
A [1053 H], (67.73 ms)
B [1 H], (64.32 us)
C [9 H], (578.88 us)
Internal VD
D [1044 H], (67.15 ms)
E [ 1053 H], (67.73 ms)
F [13 H], (836.16 us)
FDV
G [1040 H], (66.89 ms)
Digital Data
H [13 H], (836.16 us)
I [1040 H], (66.89 ms)
J [10 H], (643.20 us)
Analog Video
K [3 H], (192.96 us)
M [1040 H], (66.89 ms)
L [3 H], (192.96 µs)
4. Async Shutter Reset Timing
VINIT Trigger
N [Variable H], (µs)
Internal VD
O [9 H], (578.88 us)
P [1044 H], (67.15 ms)
R [1 H], (64.32 us)
FDV
Q [ 1053 H], (67.73 ms)
S [13 H], (836.16 us)
T [13 H], (836.16 us)
Digital Data
U [1040 H], (66.90 ms)
V [9 H], (578.88 us)
Analog Video
X [1040 H], (66.89 ms)
W [3 H], (192.96 µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 29
Operation
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 56.5 Frames/Second
Master Clock: 100 MHz, M= 10 nsec
Pixel Clock: 50 MHz, P = 200nsec
Horizontal Frequency: 31.09 KHz
1H = 32.16 usec
3. External Reset Timing (Partial Scan 500 Lines)
External VD
A [550 H], (17.69 ms)
B [1 H], (32.16 us)
Internal VD
C [9 H], (289.44 µs)
D [541 H], (17.40 ms)
E [550 H], (17.69 ms)
F [50 H], (1.61 ms)
FDV
G [500 H], (16.08 ms)
H [50 H], (1.61 ms)
Digital Data
I [500 H], (16.08 ms)
J [47 H], (1.51 ms)
Analog Video
K [3 H], (96.48 us)
M [500 H], (16.08 ms)
L [3 H], (96.48 µs)
4. Async Shutter Reset Timing (Partial Scan 500 Lines)
VINIT Trigger
N [Variable H], ( µs)
Internal VD
O [9 H], (289.44 µs)
P [541 H], (17.40 ms)
R [550 H], (17.69 ms)
S [50 H], (1.61 ms)
T [500 H], (16.08 ms)
Note: For color camera, FDV=503H (async only)
U [50 H], (1.61 ms)
FDV
Digital Data
V [500 H], (16.08 ms)
W [47 H], (1.51 ms)
Analog Video
X [3 H], (96.48 µs)
Z [500 H], (16.08 ms)
Y [3 H], (96.48 µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 30
Operation
Model: TM-1402
Operation Mode: 98.7 Frames/Second
Master Clock: 100 MHz, M= 10 nsec
Pixel Clock:
50 MHz, P = 20 nsec
Horizontal Frequency: 31.09 KHz
1H = 32.16 usec
3. External Reset Timing (Partial Scan 250 Lines)
External VD
A [315 H], (10.13 ms)
B [1 H], (32.16 us)
Internal VD
C [9 H], (289.44 µs)
D [306 H], (9.84 ms)
E [ 315 H], (10.13 ms)
F [65 H], (2.09 ms)
FDV
G [250 H], (8.04 ms)
H [65 H], (2.09 ms)
Digital Data
I [250 H], (8.04 ms)
J [62 H], (1.99 ms)
Analog Video
K [3 H], (96.48 us)
M [250 H], (8.04 ms)
L [3 H], (96.48 µs)
4. Async Shutter Reset Timing (Partial Scan 250 Lines)
VINIT Trigger
N [Variable H], (µs)
Internal VD
O [9 H], (289.44 µs)
P [306 H], (9.84 ms)
Q [3 H], ( 96.48 µs)
R [ 315 H], (10.13 ms)
S [65 H], (2.09 ms)
T [250 H], (8.04 ms)
Note: For color camera, FDV=252H (async only)
FDV
U [65 H], (2.09 ms)
Digital Data
V [250 H], (8.04 ms)
W [62 H], (1.99 ms)
Analog Video
X [3 H], (96.48 µs)
Y [250 H], (8.04 ms)
Z [3 H], (96.48 µs)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 31
Operation
3.11 Serial Communication Kit CS-232C (not required for “CL” version)
The TM-1402’s functions can be controlled by a PC via RS-232C communication using the CS-232E
serial communication kit. This kit consists of the RS-232B-12 cable, software disk, and quick-start
card. The software disk contains setup files for the graphical user interface (GUI) program. Refer to the
camera-control software manual for information on the GUI.
Note:
For CL models, the control software is downloadable. Serial communication is through
the Camera Link cable. No additional accessories are required.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 32
Troubleshooting
4
Troubleshooting
4.1 Problems and Solutions
Following are troubleshooting tips for common problems. In general, problems can easily be solved by
following these instructions. If the following remedies fail to offer a solution to your problems, please
contact a JAI PULNiX representative.
4.1.1
Symptom: No Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Power supplies
•
Power cables
•
Main power source
•
Shutter control
•
Async mode
•
Lens
•
Digital output cable
•
Analog video cable
4.1.2
Symptom: Dark Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Shutter selection
•
Iris opening on the lens
4.1.3
Symptom: Non-Synchronized Video
Remedies: Check that the following are properly connected and operational.
•
Proper mode output
•
Frame grabber software camera selection
Note:
Breaking the factory seal without prior approval from the factory will void the product
warranty.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 33
Troubleshooting
4.2 Information and Support Resources
For further information and support:
Phone:
(408) 747-0300
(800) 445-5444
Fax:
(408) 747-0660
E-mail:
imaging@jaipulnix.com
Mail:
JAI PULNiX, Inc.
Sales Department
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
ATTN: Video Applications
Web Site:
www.jaipulnix.com
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 34
Appendix
5
Appendix
5.1 Specifications
TABLE 8.
TM-1402 Series Product Specifications Table
Model
TM-1402 Series
Imager
1/2" progressive scan interline transfer CCD
Active Area
6.47mm (H) x 4.84mm (V)
Active Pixels
1392 (H) x 1040 (V)
Cell size
4.65µm x 4.65µm
Scanning
(Active Pixels)
1392 (H) x 1040 (V) @ 30 Hz/15 Hz selectable
1392 (H) x 500 (V) @ partial scan
1392 (H) x 250 (V) @ partial scan
Sync
Internal/external auto switch
HD/VD, 4.0 V impedance 4.7KΩ
30Hz±2%, non-interlace
HD= 15.55/31.1 kHz±2%
Data Clock Output
50.00 / 25.00 MHz
Resolution
Digital: 1392 (H) x 1040 (V)
Analog; over 900 TV lines (H) x 800 TV lines (V)
S/N Ratio
52dB min.
Min. Illumination
1.0 lux, f=1.4 (no shutter) @ 30fps
Video Output
Analog: 714mV, 75 Ω (900 mV white clip)
Digital output: 8-bit RS-644 output (TM-1402)
Camera Link (TM-1402CL)
Gamma
Programmable LUT (1.0 std.)
Lens Mount
C-mount (use 1/2" format lenses or larger)
Power Req.
12V DC±10%, 380 mA (typical at 25° C)
Operating Temp.
-10° C to 45° C*
Random Vibration
7Grms (10Hz to 2000Hz)
Shock
70G
Size (W x H x L)
44mm x 44mm x 64mm (1.73" x 1.73" x 2.51")
Weight
Without tripod mount: 133 g, 4.7 oz. (TM-1402),
138 g, 4.9 oz. (TM-1402CL)
With tripod mount: 144.5 g, 5.1 oz. (TM-1402)
149.5 g, 5.3 oz. (TM-1402CL)
Optional Functions
RS-422 (digital) output (TM-1402)
10-bit (digital) output (OP93-1)
Optional Accessories
I/O
CL
RS-644
Power cable
Power supply
26CL-02-26 digital output cable (TM-1402CL)
30DG-02 digital output cable, CS-232E serial communication kit (TM-1402)
12P-02S power cable with open leads
PD-12UUP series (includes power connector)
*. Refer to Section 2.2 on page 5 for information on camera heat dissipation.
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Page 35
Appendix
5.2 Physical Dimensions
FIGURE 10. Physical Dimensions (TM-1402)
EFFECTIVE IMAGE AREA
UP
SHUTTER MODE DOWN
44.0 [1.73]
DIGITAL
POWER
VIDEO
7.0 [0.28]
34.0 [1.34]
14.7 [0.58]
44.0 [1.73]
18.1 [0.7]
25.4 [1.00]
63.0 [2.48]
75.7 [2.98]
22.0 [0.87]
11.0 [0.43]
1/4-20
2X M6
22.4 [0.88]
18.4 [0.73]
2X M3 X 6.0 [0.24]
SOC HD CAP SCR
18.0 [0.71]
FIGURE 11. Physical Dimensions (TM-1402CL)
CAMERA LINK
POWER
TYP
R4.5
[0.23]
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
VIDEO
Page 36
Appendix
5.3 Spectral Response
FIGURE 12. Spectral Response
1.0
0.9
0.8
Relative Sensitivity
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
Wave Length (nm)
TM-1402 Series Progressive Scan Shutter Cameras
Imaging Products
JAI PULNiX, Inc.
1330 Orleans Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Tel: 408-747-0300
Tel: 800-445-5444
Fax: 408-747-0660
Email: imaging@jaipulnix.com
www.jaipulnix.com
10053
Rev. A