KTM 450 EXC USA User's Manual

OWNER'S MANUAL 2010
450 EXC USA
530 EXC USA
Art. no. 3211468en
DEAR KTM CUSTOMER
1
Congratulations on your decision to purchase a KTM motorcycle. You are now the owner of a state-of-the-art sports motorcycle that will
give you enormous pleasure if you service and maintain it accordingly.
DEAR KTM CUSTOMER
We wish you great pleasure riding the vehicle!
Enter the serial numbers of your vehicle below.
Chassis number (
p. 12)
Engine number (
p. 12)
Key number (
Dealer's stamp
p. 12)
The owner's manual corresponded to the latest state of this series at the time of printing. Slight deviations resulting from continuing
development and design of our motorcycles can however not be completely excluded.
All specifications are non-binding. KTM Sportmotorcycle AG specifically reserves the right to modify or delete technical specifications, prices, colors, forms, materials, services, designs, equipment, etc., without prior notice and without specifying reasons, to adapt
these to local conditions, as well as to stop production of a particular model without prior notice. KTM accepts no liability for delivery
options, deviations from illustrations and descriptions, as well as misprints and other errors. The models portrayed partly contain special equipment that does not belong to the regular scope of delivery.
© 2009 by KTM-Sportmotorcycle AG, Mattighofen Austria
All rights reserved
Reproduction, even in part, is permitted only with the express written permission of the copyright owner.
ISO 9001(12 100 6061)
According to the international quality management standard ISO 9001, KTM uses quality assurance processes that lead
to the maximum possible quality of the products.
Issued by: TÜV Management Service
KTM-Sportmotorcycle AG
5230 Mattighofen, Austria
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MEANS OF REPRESENTATION ............................................ 4
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ................................................ 5
Overview of labels............................................................ 6
VIEW OF VEHICLE............................................................. 10
View of the vehicle from the left front (example) ............... 10
View of the vehicle from the right rear (example) .............. 11
LOCATION OF SERIAL NUMBERS ...................................... 12
Chassis number............................................................. 12
Type label..................................................................... 12
Key number .................................................................. 12
Engine number.............................................................. 12
Fork part number........................................................... 13
Shock absorber part number........................................... 13
CONTROLS ....................................................................... 14
Clutch lever .................................................................. 14
Hand brake lever ........................................................... 14
Emergency OFF switch................................................... 14
Ignition switch .............................................................. 14
Electric starter button .................................................... 14
Light switch .................................................................. 15
Highlight flasher button ................................................. 15
Horn button .................................................................. 15
Flasher switch ............................................................... 15
Overview of indicator lamps ............................................ 15
Speedometer................................................................. 16
Speedometer activation and test ..................................... 16
Tripmaster switch .......................................................... 16
setting kilometers or miles.............................................. 16
Setting the clock ........................................................... 17
Adjusting the speedometer functions............................... 17
Querying the lap time .................................................... 18
Display mode SPEED (speed) ......................................... 18
Display mode SPEED/H (service hours)............................ 18
Display mode SPEED/CLK (clock) ................................... 19
Display mode SPEED/LAP (lap time) ............................... 19
Display mode SPEED/ODO (odometer) ............................. 19
Display mode SPEED/TR1 (trip master 1) ........................ 19
Display mode SPEED/TR2 (trip master 2) ........................ 20
Display mode SPEED/A1 (average speed 1)...................... 20
Display mode SPEED/A2 (average speed 2)...................... 20
Display mode SPEED/S1 (stop watch 1) .......................... 21
Display mode SPEED/S2 (stop watch 2) .......................... 21
Fuel tap........................................................................ 22
Opening filler cap .......................................................... 22
Closing filler cap ........................................................... 22
Choke........................................................................... 23
Shift lever..................................................................... 23
Foot brake lever............................................................. 23
Kick starter ................................................................... 23
Side stand .................................................................... 24
Steering lock................................................................. 24
Locking the steering ...................................................... 24
Unlocking the steering ................................................... 25
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO
OPERATION...................................................................... 26
Advice on first use ......................................................... 26
Running-in the engine ................................................... 27
Preparing vehicle for arduous riding conditions................. 27
Preparing for riding on dry sand ...................................... 27
Preparing for riding on wet sand...................................... 28
Preparing for riding on wet and muddy surfaces................ 29
2
Preparing for rides at high temperature and slow speed .....
Preparing for rides at low temperatures or in snow ............
RIDING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................................
Checks before putting into operation ...............................
Starting ........................................................................
Starting up ...................................................................
Shifting, riding ..............................................................
Braking ........................................................................
Stopping, parking ..........................................................
Refueling......................................................................
SERVICE SCHEDULE.........................................................
Important maintenance work to be carried out by an
authorized KTM workshop. .............................................
Important maintenance work to be carried out by an
authorized KTM workshop. (as additional order)................
Important checks and maintenance work to be carried
out by the rider .............................................................
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE..............
Jacking up the motorcycle ..............................................
Removing the motorcycle from the work stand..................
Checking the basic suspension setting with the rider's
weight ..........................................................................
Compression damping of shock absorber..........................
Adjusting the high-speed compression damping of the
shock absorber ..............................................................
Adjusting the low-speed compression damping of the
shock absorber ..............................................................
Adjusting rebound damping of the shock absorber ............
Measuring rear wheel sag unloaded .................................
Checking static sag of shock absorber..............................
Checking riding sag of shock absorber .............................
Adjusting spring preload of the shock absorber
............
Adjusting riding sag
..................................................
Removing the shock absorber .....................................
Installing the shock absorber
.....................................
Checking basic setting of fork .........................................
Adjusting the compression damping of the fork ................
Adjusting rebound damping of fork..................................
Adjusting spring preload of the fork.................................
Bleeding fork legs..........................................................
Cleaning the dust boots of the fork legs ...........................
Loosening the fork protector ...........................................
Positioning the fork protector..........................................
Checking steering head bearing play................................
Adjusting play of steering head bearing
.......................
Removing the fork legs
..............................................
Installing fork legs
....................................................
Removing the fork protector
.......................................
Installing the fork protector
.......................................
Removing the lower triple clamp
................................
Installing the lower triple clamp
.................................
Greasing the steering head bearing
.............................
Removing the front fender ..............................................
Installing the front fender...............................................
Removing headlight mask with headlight .........................
Refitting the headlight mask with the headlight................
Handlebar position ........................................................
Adjusting the handlebar position
................................
Checking throttle cable route ..........................................
Checking the play in the throttle cable.............................
Adjusting the play in the throttle cable
.......................
Checking for chain dirt accumulation ..............................
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
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52
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3
Cleaning the chain.........................................................
Checking the chain tension ............................................
Checking chain tension when fitting rear wheel ................
Checking the rear sprocket/engine sprocket for wear .........
Checking chain wear ......................................................
Adjusting chain tension..................................................
Adjusting chain tension - after checking ..........................
Adjusting chain tension - fitting rear wheel ......................
Adjusting chain guide
...............................................
Checking brake discs .....................................................
Checking free travel of hand brake lever...........................
Adjusting free travel of hand brake lever ..........................
Checking the brake fluid level of the front brake ...............
Topping up the front brake fluid
.................................
Checking the front brake linings......................................
Changing the front brake linings
.................................
Checking the free travel of the foot brake lever .................
Adjusting the basic position of the foot brake lever
......
Checking rear brake fluid level........................................
Adding brake fluid to the rear brake circuit
.................
Checking rear brake linings ............................................
Changing rear brake linings
.......................................
Removing front wheel ................................................
Installing the front wheel
...........................................
Removing the rear wheel
...........................................
Installing the rear wheel
............................................
Tire condition checking..................................................
Checking tire air pressure ...............................................
Checking spoke tension..................................................
Removing the battery
................................................
Installing the battery
.................................................
Recharging the battery
..............................................
Removing a fuse............................................................
Installing the fuse .........................................................
Checking the headlight adjustment .................................
Adjusting the beam width of the headlight .......................
Removing the seat .........................................................
Mounting the seat .........................................................
Removing the fuel tank
.............................................
Installing the fuel tank
..............................................
Cooling system ..............................................................
Checking the anti-freeze and coolant level .......................
Checking the coolant level..............................................
Draining coolant
.......................................................
Refilling coolant
.......................................................
Glass fiber yarn filling of main silencer ............................
Removing main silencer .................................................
Installing the main silencer ............................................
Removing the air filter box lid.........................................
Installing the air filter box lid..........................................
Removing the air filter ...............................................
Installing the air filter
...............................................
Cleaning air filter
......................................................
Adjusting basic position of clutch lever............................
Checking the fluid level of hydraulic clutch......................
Changing the hydraulic clutch fluid
............................
Checking the basic position of the shift lever....................
Adjusting the basic position of the shift lever
..............
Carburetor - idle ............................................................
Carburetor - adjusting idle
.........................................
Emptying the carburetor float chamber
.......................
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
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x
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x
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80
80
81
Checking engine oil level................................................ 81
Changing engine oil and oil filter, cleaning engine oil
screen
..................................................................... 82
Draining engine oil, cleaning engine oil screen
............ 82
Removing the oil filter
............................................... 82
Installing the oil filter
............................................... 83
Filling up with engine oil
........................................... 83
Topping up engine oil .................................................... 84
Checking the gear oil level.............................................. 84
Changing gear oil, cleaning gear oil screen
.................. 84
Draining gear oil, cleaning gear oil screen
................... 85
Filling up with gear oil
.............................................. 85
Adding gear oil
......................................................... 86
TROUBLESHOOTING......................................................... 87
CLEANING........................................................................ 89
Cleaning the motorcycle ................................................. 89
STORAGE ......................................................................... 90
Storage......................................................................... 90
Putting into operation after storage ................................. 90
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE .............................................. 91
Capacity - engine oil ...................................................... 91
Capacity - gear oil.......................................................... 91
Capacity - coolant.......................................................... 92
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES.......... 93
TECHNICAL DATA - CARBURETOR..................................... 95
450 EXC USA ............................................................... 95
530 EXC USA ............................................................... 95
TECHNICAL DATA - CHASSIS ............................................ 96
Lighting equipment ....................................................... 96
Tires ............................................................................ 97
Capacity - fuel............................................................... 97
TECHNICAL DATA - FORK.................................................. 98
TECHNICAL DATA - SHOCK ABSORBER ............................. 99
TECHNICAL DATA - CHASSIS TIGHTENING TORQUES ...... 100
WIRING DIAGRAM .......................................................... 102
Wiring diagram............................................................ 102
SUBSTANCES................................................................. 105
AUXILIARY SUBSTANCES................................................ 107
STANDARDS................................................................... 109
INDEX ............................................................................ 110
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
MEANS OF REPRESENTATION
Symbols used
The symbols used are explained in the following.
Indicates an expected reaction (e.g. of a work step or a function).
Indicates an unexpected reaction (e.g. of a work step or a function).
All work marked with this symbol requires specialist knowledge and technical understanding. In the interest of
your own safety, have these jobs done in an authorized KTM workshop! There, your motorcycle will be serviced
optimally by specially trained experts using the specialist tools required.
Identifies a page reference (more information is provided on the specified page).
Formats used
The typographical and other formats used are explained below.
Proprietary name
Denotes a proprietary name.
Name®
Denotes a protected name.
Brand™
Denotes a brand available on the open market.
4
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
5
Use definition
KTM sport motorcycles are designed and built to withstand the normal stresses and strains of competitive use. The motorcycles comply with currently valid regulations and categories of the top international motorsport organizations.
Info
The motorcycle is authorized for use on public roads in the homologated (reduced) version only.
In the derestricted version, the motorcycle must be used only on closed off properties remote from public road traffic.
The motorcycle is designed for off-road sport endurance competition (Enduro) and not for the predominant motocross use.
Maintenance
A prerequisite for trouble free operation and avoiding premature wear is that the engine and suspension are maintained and adjusted
as described in this manual. Poor adjustment and tuning of the engine and suspension can lead to damage and breakage of components.
Using a motorcycle in difficult conditions such as on sand or very wet and muddy ground can lead to excessive wear of components
such as the power train or brakes. For this reason, it may be necessary to service or replace worn parts before the limit specified in the
service schedule is reached.
Pay careful attention to the prescribed running-in period, inspection and maintenance intervals. Observing these rules will vastly
increase the service life of your motorcycle.
Warranty
The work prescribed in the service schedule must be carried out by an authorized KTM workshop only and confirmed in the customer's
service record; otherwise, all warranty claims will be void. No warranty claim can be honored for damage resulting from manipulation
and/or other changes to the vehicle.
Fuel, oils, etc.
You should use the fuels, oils and greases according to specifications as listed in the owner's manual.
Spare parts, accessories
For your own safety, only use spare parts and accessory products that have been approved and/or recommended by KTM and have
them installed by an authorized KTM workshop. KTM accepts no liability for other products and any resulting damage or loss.
Some spare parts and accessories are specified in brackets in the respective descriptions. Your KTM dealer will be happy to advise
you.
You will find the current KTM PowerParts for your vehicle on the KTM website.
International KTM Website: http://www.ktm.com
Work rules
Special tools are necessary for some of the work. These are not included with the vehicle and can be ordered under the number in
parentheses. Ex: valve spring compressor (59029019000)
During assembly, non-reusable parts (e.g. self-locking screws and nuts, seals and seal rings, O-rings, pins, lock washers) must be
replaced by new parts.
If thread lock (e.g. Loctite®) is used for screw connections, be sure to comply with the manufacturer's specific instructions on its
usage.
Parts that you want to reuse following repairs and servicing should be cleaned and checked for damage and wear. Change damaged or
worn parts.
Following repairs or servicing, the vehicle must be checked for roadworthiness.
Transport
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
Note
Fire hazard Some vehicle components become very hot when the vehicle is operated.
–
Do not park the vehicle near flammable or explosive substances. Do not place objects on the vehicle while it is still warm from
being run. Always let the vehicle cool first.
–
Switch off engine.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
6
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the OFF position. (Figure 500137-10
–
Use straps or other suitable devices to secure the motorcycle against accidents or falling over.
p. 22)
Environment
Motorcycling is a wonderful sport and we naturally hope that you can enjoy it to the full. However, it is a potential problem for the
environment and can lead to conflicts with other persons. But if you use your motorcycle responsibly, you can ensure that such problems and conflicts do not have to occur. To protect the future of motorcycle sport, make sure that you use your motorcycle legally, display environmental consciousness, and respect the rights of others.
Overview of labels
2.1
300401-10
1
Type label for Canada
2
Type label for the USA
3
Fuel evaporative system information
4
Chain tension information
5
Information on putting into operation
6
Emission control information
7
Noise emission information
500250-01
Type label for Canada
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
7
500251-01
Type label for the USA
Fuel evaporative system information
100841-01
Chain tension information
500255-01
Information on putting into operation
700210-01
100840-01
Emission control information
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
8
100839-01
Noise emission information
Notes/warnings
Pay close attention to the notes/warnings.
Info
Various information and warning labels are affixed to the vehicle. Do not remove information/warning labels. If they are missing, you or others may not recognize potential hazards and may therefore be injured.
Grades of risks
Danger
Identifies a danger that will immediately and invariably lead to fatal or serious permanent injury if the appropriate measures
are not taken.
Warning
Identifies a danger that is likely to lead to fatal or serious injury if the appropriate measures are not taken.
Note
Identifies a danger that will lead to considerable machine and material damage if the appropriate measures are not taken.
Warning
Identifies a danger that will lead to environmental damage if the appropriate measures are not taken.
Owner's manual
–
It is important that you read this owner's manual carefully and completely before making your first trip. It contains useful information and many tips on how to operate and handle your motorcycle. Only then will you find out how to best customize the motorcycle for your own use and how you can protect yourself from injury. The owner's manual also contains important information on
servicing the motorcycle.
–
The owner's manual is an important component of the motorcycle and should be handed over to the new owner if the vehicle is
sold.
Reporting of safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying KTM North America, Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation. If it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or
KTM North America, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1–888–327–4236; or visit www.nhtsa.dot.gov; or write
to: NHTSA Headquarters, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590, USA. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
Noise emission warranty
KTM Sportmotorcycle AG warrants that this exhaust system, at the time of sale, meets all applicable U.S. EPA Federal noise standards.
This warranty extends to the first person who buys this exhaust system for purposes other than resale, and to all subsequent buyers.
Warranty claims should be directed to:
KTM North America, Inc., Customer Support, 1119 Milan Ave., Amherst, OH 44001, USA
Telefon: (440) 985–3553
www.ktmusa.com
KTM Canada, Inc., Customer Support, 1375-1 Marie-Victorin, Saint-Bruno, QC J3V 6B7
Phone: (450) 441–4451 x 4250
www.ktmcanada.com
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
9
Tampering warning
Tampering with the noise control system is prohibited. Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof:
1
The removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement, of any device
or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate
purchaser or while it is in use; or
2
The use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are the acts listed below:
1
Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other components which conducts exhaust gases.
2
Removal or puncturing of any part of the intake system.
3
Lack of proper maintenance.
4
Replacement of any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by
the manufacturer.
Operating noise warning
This product should be checked for repair or replacement if the motorcycle noise has increased significantly through use. Otherwise,
the owner may become subject to penalties under state and local ordinances.
Consumer rights
Warranty claims should be submitted to a KTM workshop. If you are not satisfied, please contact:
KTM North America, Inc., Customer Support, 1119 Milan Ave., Amherst, OH 44001, USA
Telefon: (440) 985–3553
www.ktmusa.com
KTM Canada, Inc., Customer Support, 1375-1 Marie-Victorin, Saint-Bruno, QC J3V 6B7
Phone: (450) 441–4451 x 4250
www.ktmcanada.com
Different rights may apply, according to national or regional legislation.
VIEW OF VEHICLE
10
View of the vehicle from the left front (example)
3.1
300399-10
1
Side stand
2
Shift lever
3
Chain guide
4
Fuel tap
5
Air filter box lid
6
Clutch lever
7
Light switch, headlight flasher button, flasher switch, horn button
8
Hand brake lever
VIEW OF VEHICLE
11
View of the vehicle from the right rear (example)
3.2
300398-10
1
Level viewer for brake fluid, rear
2
Fork compression adjustment
3
Foot brake pedal
4
Kickstarter
5
Horn
6
Ignition switch
7
Fork rebound adjustment
8
Filler cap
9
Shock absorber compression adjustment
10
Shock absorber rebound adjustment
LOCATION OF SERIAL NUMBERS
12
Chassis number
4.1
The chassis number  is stamped on the steering head on the right.
500127-10
Type label
4.2
The type label USA  is fixed to the front of the steering head.
300402-10
The type label Canada  is fixed to the front of the front pipe.
300403-10
Key number
4.3
The key number  is provided on the KEYCODECARD.
Info
You need the key number to order a spare key. Keep the KEYCODECARD in a safe
place.
300397-10
Engine number
4.4
The engine number  is stamped on the left side of the engine under the engine
sprocket.
500072-10
LOCATION OF SERIAL NUMBERS
13
Fork part number
4.5
The fork part number  is stamped on the inner side of the fork stub.
100801-10
Shock absorber part number
4.6
The shock absorber part number  is stamped on the top of the shock absorber above
the adjusting ring on the engine side.
500129-10
CONTROLS
14
Clutch lever
5.1
The clutch lever  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
The clutch is hydraulically operated and self-adjusting.
500133-10
Hand brake lever
5.2
Hand brake lever  is located on the right side of the handlebar.
The hand brake lever is used to activate the front brake.
400196-10
Emergency OFF switch
5.3
The emergency OFF switch  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
Possible states
Ignition off – In this position, the ignition circuit is interrupted, a running engine stops, and a non-running engine will not start.
Ignition on – In this position, the ignition circuit is closed, and the
engine can be started.
500144-10
Ignition switch
5.4
The ignition switch  is on the right behind the headlight mask.
Possible states
Ignition off – In this position, the ignition circuit is interrupted, a running engine stops, and a non-running engine will not start.
Ignition on – In this position, the ignition circuit is closed, and the
engine can be started.
300396-10
Electric starter button
5.5
Electric starter button  is fitted on the right side of the handlebar.
Possible states
• Electric starter button
• Electric starter button
ated.
500144-12
is in home position
is pressed – In this position, the electric starter is actu-
CONTROLS
15
Light switch
5.6
Light switch  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
Possible states
Low beam on – Light switch is turned downward. In this position, the
low beam and tail light are switched on.
High beam on – Light switch is turned upward. In this position, the
high beam and tail light are switched on.
500142-10
Highlight flasher button
5.7
Headlight flasher button  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
Possible states
• Headlight flasher button is in home position
• Headlight flasher button is pressed – The headlight flasher is activated in this
position.
500143-10
Horn button
5.8
Horn button  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
Possible states
• Horn button
• Horn button
is in home position
is pressed – The horn is sounded in this position.
500142-11
Flasher switch
5.9
Flasher switch  is fitted on the left side of the handlebar.
Possible states
Flasher light off
Flasher light, left, on – Flasher switch is pressed to the left. The flasher
switch returns to the middle position after activation.
Flasher light, right, on – Flasher switch is pressed to the right. The
flasher switch returns to the middle position after activation.
500142-12
To switch off the flasher, push the flasher switch toward the switch housing.
Overview of indicator lamps
5.10
Possible states
High beam indicator lamp lights up blue – High beam is switched on.
Turn signal indicator lamp flashes green – Turn signal light is switched
on.
500147-01
CONTROLS
16
Speedometer
5.11
–
Press the key
to change the display mode or change to one of the Setup menus.
–
Press the key
to control different functions.
–
Press the key
to control different functions.
Info
When the vehicle is delivered, only the SPEED/H and SPEED/ODO display modes
are activated.
400312-01
Speedometer activation and test
5.12
Activating the speedometer:
The speedometer is activated when one of the keys is pressed or a signal is received
from the wheel speed sensor.
Display test
For the function test of the display, all display segments light up briefly.
400313-01
WS (wheel size)
After the display function test, the wheel size WS is displayed briefly.
Info
2205 mm corresponds to the size of the 21" front wheel with a series production tire.
The display then changes to the last selected mode.
400314-01
Tripmaster switch
5.13
(Option: Tripmaster switch)
You can use the trip master switch to control the functions of the speedometer from the handlebar.
Info
The trip master is an optional accessory.
setting kilometers or miles
5.14
Info
If you change the unit, the value ODO is retained and converted accordingly.
The values TR1, TR2, A1, A2 and S1 are cleared when the unit of measure is changed.
Condition
The motorcycle is stationary.
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until H appears at the bottom right of the
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The setup menu is displayed and the active functions shown.
–
400329-01
Press the button
repeatedly until the Km/h/Mph display flashes.
Km/h adjusting
– Press the button
.
Mph adjusting
– Press the button
.
CONTROLS
17
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The settings are stored and the setup menu is closed.
Info
If no button is actuated for 20 seconds or there is no signal from the wheel
speed sensor, then the settings are automatically stored and the setup menu
closed.
Setting the clock
5.15
Condition
The motorcycle is stationary.
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until CLK appears at the bottom right of
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The hour display flashes.
–
Set the hour display with the button
–
Press the button
–
You can set the following segments in the same way as the hours by pressing
the button and the button .
and/or button
.
briefly.
The next segment of the display flashes and can be set.
400330-01
Info
The seconds can only be set to zero.
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The settings are stored and the setup menu is closed.
Info
If no button is actuated for 20 seconds or there is no signal from the wheel
speed sensor, then the settings are automatically stored and the setup menu
closed.
Adjusting the speedometer functions
5.16
Info
When the vehicle is delivered, only the SPEED/H and SPEED/ODO display modes are activated.
Condition
The motorcycle is stationary.
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until H appears at the bottom right of the
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The Setup menu is displayed and the activated functions are shown.
–
Change to the desired function by pressing the button
briefly.
The selected function flashes.
Activating a function
– Press the button
400318-01
.
The symbol remains on the screen and the display changes to the next
function.
Deactivating the function
– Press the button
.
The symbol on the screen goes out and the display changes to the next
function.
–
All desired functions are activated or deactivated accordingly.
–
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The settings are stored and the Setup menu is closed.
CONTROLS
18
Info
If no button is pressed for 20 seconds, or if a pulse arrives from the wheel
speed sensor, the settings are stored automatically and the Setup menu is
closed.
Querying the lap time
5.17
Info
This function can be called only if lap times are measured.
Condition
The motorcycle is stationary.
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until LAP appears at the bottom right of
–
Press the button
briefly.
–
Laps 1-10 can be displayed by pressing the button
–
The
–
Press the button
LAP 1 appears on the left side of the display.
.
button has no function
briefly.
Next display mode
400321-01
Info
If an impulse is received from the wheel speed sensor, the left side of the
display changes back to the SPEED mode.
Display mode SPEED (speed)
5.18
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until SPEED appears on the left side of
The current speed is displayed in the SPEED display mode.
The current speed can be displayed in Km/h or Mph.
Info
Making the setting according to the country.
When an impulse comes from the front wheel, the left side of the speedometer
display changes to the SPEED mode and the current speed is shown.
400317-02
Display mode SPEED/H (service hours)
5.19
Condition
• The motorcycle is stationary
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until H appears at the bottom right of the
In display mode H, the service hours of the engine are displayed.
The service hour counter stores the total traveling time.
Info
400316-01
The service hour counter is necessary for ensuring that maintenance work is carried out at the right intervals.
If the speedometer is in H display mode at the start of the journey, it automatically changes to the ODO display mode.
The H display mode is suppressed during the journey.
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The display changes to the Setup menu of the speedometer
functions.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
CONTROLS
19
Display mode SPEED/CLK (clock)
5.20
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until CLK appears at the bottom right of
The time is displayed in CLK display mode.
400319-01
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The display changes to the Setup menu of the clock.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/LAP (lap time)
5.21
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until LAP appears at the bottom right of
In the LAP display mode, up to 10 lap times can be timed with the stop watch.
Info
If the lap time continues after you press the button
already occupied.
Lap 10 must be timed with the button .
, 9 memory locations are
400320-01
Press the button
.
Starts or stops the clock.
Press the button
.
Stops the current lap time and saves it, and the stop watch
starts the next lap.
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The stop watch and the lap time are reset.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/ODO (odometer)
5.22
–
Press the button
the display.
briefly and repeatedly until ODO appears at the bottom right of
In ODO display mode, the total number of kilometers ridden is displayed.
400317-01
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
–
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/TR1 (trip master 1)
5.23
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until TR1 appears at the top right of the
TR1 (trip master 1) runs constantly and counts to 999.9.
You can use it to measure trips or the distance between refueling stops.
TR1 is coupled with A1 (average speed 1) and S1 (stop watch 1).
Info
400323-01
If 999.9 is exceeded, the values of TR1, A1 and S1 are automatically reset to
0.0.
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The TR1, A1 and S1 displays are reset to 0.0.
CONTROLS
20
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/TR2 (trip master 2)
5.24
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until TR2 appears at the top right of the
TR2 (trip master 2) runs constantly and counts up to 999.9.
The displayed value can be set manually with the button and the button
practical function when riding using the road book.
. A very
Info
The TR2 value can also be corrected manually during the journey with the button and the button .
If 999.9 is exceeded, the value of TR2 is automatically reset to 0.0.
400324-01
Press the button
.
Increases value of TR2.
Press the button
.
Reduces value of TR2.
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
Deletes value of TR2.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/A1 (average speed 1)
5.25
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until A1 appears at the top right of the
A1 (average speed 1) shows the average speed calculated on the basis of TR1 (trip master 1) and S1 (stop watch 1).
The calculation of this value is activated by the first impulse of the wheel speed sensor
and ends 3 seconds after the last impulse.
400325-01
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
The TR1, A1 and S1 displays are reset to 0.0.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/A2 (average speed 2)
5.26
–
Press the button
display.
briefly and repeatedly until A2 appears at the top right of the
A2 (average speed 2) shows the average speed on the basis of the current speed if the
stop watch S2 (stop watch 2) is running.
Info
The displayed value can differ from the actual average speed if S2 was not
timed after the ride.
400326-01
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
–
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
CONTROLS
21
Display mode SPEED/S1 (stop watch 1)
5.27
–
briefly and repeatedly until S1 appears at the top right of the
Press the button
display.
S1 (stop watch 1) displays the journey time on the basis of TR1 and continues when an
impulse is received from the wheel speed sensor.
The calculation of this value starts with the first impulse of the wheel speed sensor and
ends 3 seconds after the last impulse.
400327-01
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
Displays of TR1, A1 and S1 are reset to 0.0.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/S2 (stop watch 2)
5.28
–
briefly and repeatedly until S2 appears at the top right of the
Press the button
display.
S2 (stop watch 2) is a manual stop watch.
If S2 is running in the background, the S2 display flashes in the speedometer display.
400328-01
Press the button
.
Starts or stops S2.
Press the button
.
No function
Press the button
for 3 - 5 seconds.
Displays of S2 and A2 are reset to 0.0.
Press the button
briefly.
Next display mode
Table of functions
Display
Press the button
.
Press the button
.
Press the button
5 seconds.
for 3 -
Press the button
briefly.
Display mode SPEED/H
(service hours)
No function
No function
The display changes to
the Setup menu of the
speedometer functions.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/CLK
(clock)
No function
No function
The display changes to
the Setup menu of the
clock.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/LAP
(lap time)
Starts or stops the
clock.
Stops the current lap
time and saves it, and
the stop watch starts
the next lap.
The stop watch and the
lap time are reset.
Next display mode
Display mode
SPEED/ODO (odometer)
No function
No function
–
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/TR1
(trip master 1)
No function
No function
The TR1, A1 and S1 displays are reset to 0.0.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/TR2
(trip master 2)
Increases value of TR2.
Reduces value of TR2.
Deletes value of TR2.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/A1
(average speed 1)
No function
No function
The TR1, A1 and S1 displays are reset to 0.0.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/A2
(average speed 2)
No function
No function
–
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/S1
(stop watch 1)
No function
No function
Displays of TR1, A1 and
S1 are reset to 0.0.
Next display mode
Display mode SPEED/S2
(stop watch 2)
Starts or stops S2.
No function
Displays of S2 and A2
are reset to 0.0.
Next display mode
Table of conditions and menu activation
Display
Display mode SPEED/H (service hours)
The motorcycle is
stationary
•
Menu can be activated
CONTROLS
22
Table of conditions and menu activation
Display
The motorcycle is
stationary
Menu can be activated
Display mode SPEED/CLK (clock)
•
Display mode SPEED/LAP (lap time)
•
Display mode SPEED/TR1 (trip master 1)
•
Display mode SPEED/TR2 (trip master 2)
•
Display mode SPEED/A1 (average speed 1)
•
Display mode SPEED/A2 (average speed 2)
•
Display mode SPEED/S1 (stop watch 1)
•
Display mode SPEED/S2 (stop watch 2)
•
Fuel tap
5.29
The fuel tap is on the left of the fuel tank.
With tap handle  on the fuel tap, you can open or close the supply of fuel to the carburetor.
Possible states
• Fuel supply closed OFF – No fuel flows from the tank to the carburetor.
• Fuel supply open ON – Fuel flows from the tank to the carburetor. The fuel tank
empties down to the reserve.
• Reserve fuel supply open RES – Fuel flows from the tank to the carburetor. The
fuel tank empties completely.
500137-10
Opening filler cap
5.30
–
Press release button , turn filler cap counterclockwise and lift it upwards and
remove.
–
Replace the filler cap and turn clockwise until the release button  locks in place.
400199-10
Closing filler cap
5.31
Info
Route the fuel tank breather hose  without kinking.
400199-11
CONTROLS
23
Choke
5.32
Choke  is fitted on the left side of the carburetor.
Activating the choke function frees an opening through which the engine can draw
extra fuel. This gives a richer fuel-air mixture, which is needed for a cold start.
Info
If the engine is warm, the choke function must be deactivated.
500135-10
Possible states
• Choke function activated – The choke lever is pulled out to the stop.
• Choke function deactivated – The choke lever is pushed in to the stop.
Shift lever
5.33
Shift lever  is mounted on the left side of the engine.
500138-10
The gear positions can be seen in the photograph.
The neutral or idle position is between the first and second gears.
500138-11
Foot brake lever
5.34
Foot brake lever  is located in front of the right footrest.
The foot brake lever is used to activate the rear brake.
500139-10
Kick starter
5.35
The kick starter  is fitted on the right of the engine.
The engine can be started with either the kick starter or the electric starter.
The upper part of the kick starter can be swung out.
Info
Before riding, swing the upper part of the kick starter inwards towards the
engine.
500148-10
CONTROLS
24
Side stand
5.36
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
Note
Material damage Damage and destruction of components by excessive load.
–
500140-10
The side stand is designed for the weight of the motorcycle only. Do not sit on the
motorcycle when it is supported by the side stand only. The side stand and/or the
frame could be damaged and the motorcycle could fall over.
To park the motorcycle, press side stand  to the ground with your foot and lean the
motorcycle on it.
When you are riding, side stand  must be folded up and secured with rubber
band .
500141-10
Steering lock
5.37
Steering lock  is fitted on the left side of the steering head.
The steering lock is used to lock the steering. Steering, and therefore riding, is no
longer possible.
500126-10
Locking the steering
5.38
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
–
Park the vehicle.
–
Turn the handlebar as far as possible to the right.
–
Insert the key in the steering lock, turn it to the left, press it in and turn it to the
right. Remove the key.
Steering is no longer possible.
Info
Never leave the key in the steering lock.
400732-01
CONTROLS
25
Unlocking the steering
5.39
–
Insert the key in the steering lock, turn it to the left, pull it out and turn it to the
right. Remove the key.
You can now steer the bike again.
Info
Never leave the key in the steering lock.
400731-01
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO OPERATION
26
Advice on first use
6.1
Danger
Danger of accidents Danger arising from the rider's judgement being impaired.
–
Do not use the vehicle if you are inexperienced or if you have consumed alcohol or drugs.
Warning
Risk of injury Missing or poor protective clothing present an increased safety risk.
–
Wear protective clothing (helmet, boots, gloves, pants and jacket with protectors) every time you ride the vehicle. Always
wear protective clothing, which must be undamaged and meet legal requirements.
Warning
Danger of crashing Poor vehicle handling due to different tire tread patterns on front and rear wheels.
–
The front and rear wheels must be fitted with tires with similar tread patterns to prevent loss of control over the vehicle.
Warning
Danger of accidents Critical riding behavior due to inappropriate riding.
–
Adapt your riding speed to the road conditions and your riding ability.
Warning
Danger of accidents Accident risk caused by presence of a passenger.
–
Your vehicle is not designed to carry passengers. Do not ride with a passenger.
Warning
Danger of accidents Failure of brake system.
–
If the foot brake lever is not released, the brake linings drag permanently. The rear brake can fail due to overheating. Take
your foot off the foot brake lever if you do not want to brake.
Warning
Danger of accidents Unstable riding behavior.
–
Do not exceed the maximum permissible weight and axle loads.
Warning
Risk of misappropriation Usage by unauthorized persons.
–
Never leave the vehicle while the engine is running. Secure the vehicle against use by unauthorized persons.
Info
When using your motorcycle, remember that others may feel disturbed by excessive noise.
–
Make sure that the pre-delivery inspection work has been carried out by an authorized KTM workshop.
You receive a delivery certificate and the service record at vehicle handover.
–
Before your first trip, read the entire operating instructions carefully.
–
Get to know the controls.
–
Adjust the basic position of clutch lever. (
–
Adjust the free travel of the hand brake lever. (
–
Adjust the basic position of the foot brake lever.
–
Adjust the basic position of the shift lever.
–
Get used to handling the motorcycle on a suitable piece of land before making a longer trip.
p. 77)
x(
p. 57)
x(
p. 60)
p. 79)
Info
Off-road, you should be accompanied by another person on another machine so that you can help each other.
–
Try also to ride as slowly as possible and in a standing position to get a better feeling for the vehicle.
–
Do not make any off-road trips that over-stress your ability and experience.
–
Hold the handlebar firmly with both hands and keep your feet on the footrests when riding.
–
If you carry any baggage, make sure it is fixed firmly as close as possible to the center of the vehicle and ensure even weight distribution between the front and rear wheels.
Info
Motorcycles react sensitively to any changes of weight distribution.
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO OPERATION
–
Do not exceed the overall maximum permitted weight and the axle loads.
Guideline
–
Maximum permissible overall weight
335 kg (739 lb.)
Maximum permissible front axle load
145 kg (320 lb.)
Maximum permissible rear axle load
190 kg (419 lb.)
Check the spoke tension. (
p. 68)
Info
The spoke tension must be checked after half an hour of operation.
–
Run-in the engine.
Running-in the engine
6.2
–
During the running-in phase, do not exceed the specified engine speed and engine performance.
Guideline
Maximum engine speed
During the first 3 service hours
7,000 rpm
Maximum engine performance
–
During the first 3 service hours
≤ 50 %
During the next 12 service hours
≤ 75 %
Avoid fully opening the throttle!
Preparing vehicle for arduous riding conditions
6.3
–
Using a motorcycle in arduous conditions can lead to excessive wear of components such as the power train or brakes. For this
reason, it may be necessary to service or replace worn parts before the limit specified in the service schedule is reached.
Arduous riding conditions are:
– Riding on dry sand. (
p. 27)
–
Riding on wet sand. (
–
Riding on wet and muddy surfaces. (
–
Rides at high temperature and slow speed. (
–
Rides at low temperatures or in snow. (
p. 28)
p. 29)
p. 30)
p. 30)
Preparing for riding on dry sand
6.4
–
Check the radiator cap.
Value on radiator cap
»
1.8 bar (26 psi)
If the displayed value does not correspond to specifications:
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets
very hot and is under pressure.
–
600872-10
–
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling
system components when the engine is hot. Allow the engine
and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse
immediately with lukewarm water.
Change the radiator cap.
Seal the air filter box.
x
Tip
Seal the air filter box on the edges against dirt.
–
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Info
Check the air filter approx. every 30 minutes.
27
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO OPERATION
–
28
Fit a dust protection device on the air filter.
Dust protection device for air filter (59006019000)
Info
See the KTM PowerParts fitting instructions.
600869-01
–
Fit a sand screen device on the air filter.
Sand protection device for air filter (59006022000)
Info
See the KTM PowerParts fitting instructions.
–
Adjust the carburetor jetting and settings.
Info
600871-01
Your authorized KTM workshop has the recommended carburetor tuning settings.
–
Clean the chain.
Chain cleaner (
–
p. 107)
Fit the steel sprocket.
Tip
Do not grease the chain.
600868-01
–
Clean radiator fins.
–
Straighten bent radiator fins carefully.
–
Check the radiator cap.
Preparing for riding on wet sand
6.5
Value on radiator cap
»
1.8 bar (26 psi)
If the displayed value does not correspond to specifications:
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets
very hot and is under pressure.
–
600872-10
–
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling
system components when the engine is hot. Allow the engine
and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse
immediately with lukewarm water.
Change the radiator cap.
Seal the air filter box.
x
Tip
Seal the air filter box on the edges against dirt.
–
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Info
Check the air filter approx. every 30 minutes.
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO OPERATION
–
29
Fit a waterproofing device on the air filter.
Waterproofing device for air filter (59006021000)
Info
See the KTM PowerParts fitting instructions.
–
Adjust the carburetor jetting and settings.
Info
600870-01
Your authorized KTM workshop has the recommended carburetor tuning settings.
–
Clean the chain.
Chain cleaner (
–
p. 107)
Fit the steel sprocket.
Tip
Do not grease the chain.
600868-01
–
Clean radiator fins.
–
Straighten bent radiator fins carefully.
Preparing for riding on wet and muddy surfaces
6.6
–
Seal the air filter box.
x
Tip
Seal the air filter box along the edges to prevent the ingress of dirt.
–
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Info
Check the air filter approx. every 30 minutes.
–
Fit a waterproofing device on the air filter.
Waterproofing device for air filter (59006021000)
Info
See the KTM PowerParts fitting instructions.
–
Info
600870-01
600868-01
Adjust the carburetor jetting and settings.
Your authorized KTM workshop has the recommended carburetor tuning settings.
–
Fit the steel sprocket.
–
Clean the motorcycle. (
–
Straighten bent radiator fins carefully.
p. 89)
GENERAL TIPS AND HINTS ON PUTTING INTO OPERATION
30
Preparing for rides at high temperature and slow speed
6.7
–
Check the radiator cap.
Value on radiator cap
»
1.8 bar (26 psi)
If the displayed value does not correspond to specifications:
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets
very hot and is under pressure.
–
600872-10
–
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling
system components when the engine is hot. Allow the engine
and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse
immediately with lukewarm water.
Change the radiator cap.
Seal the air filter box.
x
Tip
Seal the air filter box on the edges against dirt.
–
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Info
Check the air filter approx. every 30 minutes.
–
Adjust the secondary drive to the road conditions.
Info
The engine oil quickly gets hot if the clutch has to be operated very often
due to an excessively high secondary drive.
–
Clean the chain.
Chain cleaner (
600868-01
p. 107)
–
Clean radiator fins.
–
Straighten bent radiator fins carefully.
–
Check the coolant level. (
p. 74)
Preparing for rides at low temperatures or in snow
6.8
–
Seal the air filter box.
x
Tip
Seal the air filter box on the edges against dirt.
–
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Info
Check the air filter approx. every 30 minutes.
–
Fit a waterproofing device on the air filter.
Waterproofing device for air filter (59006021000)
Info
See the KTM PowerParts fitting instructions.
–
600870-01
Adjust the carburetor jetting and settings.
Info
Your authorized KTM workshop has the recommended carburetor tuning settings.
RIDING INSTRUCTIONS
31
Checks before putting into operation
7.1
Info
Make sure that the motorcycle is in a perfect technical condition before use.
Info
In the interests of riding safety, make a habit of making a general check before you ride.
–
Check the engine oil level. (
–
Check the chain tension. (
–
Check for chain dirt accumulation. (
–
Check the tire condition. (
–
Check the tire air pressure. (
–
Check the brake fluid level of the front brake. (
–
Check the rear brake fluid level. (
–
Check the front brake linings. (
–
Check the rear brake linings. (
–
Check the brake system function.
–
Check the coolant level. (
–
Check the settings of all controls and ensure that they can be operated smoothly.
–
Check the functioning of the electrical equipment.
p. 81)
p. 52)
p. 52)
p. 67)
p. 67)
p. 57)
p. 61)
p. 58)
p. 62)
p. 74)
Starting
7.2
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may result in unconsciousness and/or death.
–
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed
space without an effective exhaust extraction system.
Note
Engine failure High engine speeds in cold engines have a negative effect on the service life of the engine.
–
Always warm up the engine at low engine speeds.
Info
If the motorcycle is unwilling to start, the cause may be old fuel in the float chamber. The flammable elements of the fuel
evaporate after a long time of standing.
If the float chamber is filled with fresh fuel, the engine starts immediately.
Press the starter for a maximum of 5 seconds. Wait for a least 5 seconds before trying again.
Motorcycle has been out of use for more than 1 week
– Empty the carburetor float chamber.
( p. 81)
x
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the ON position. (Figure 500137-10
–
Raise the motorcycle off of the stand and secure the stand with rubber band .
–
Shift transmission to neutral.
–
Turn the key in the ignition switch to the position
–
Turn the emergency OFF switch to the position
p. 22)
Fuel can flow from the fuel tank to the carburetor.
The engine is cold
– Pull choke lever out as far as possible.
100842-10
.
.
RIDING INSTRUCTIONS
32
–
Press the electric starter button or press the kickstarter robustly through its full
range.
Info
Do not rev up.
400733-01
Starting up
7.3
Info
If your bike has lights, switch them on before riding. You will then be seen earlier by other motorists.
When you are riding, the side stand must be folded up and secured with the rubber band.
–
Pull the clutch lever, engage 1st gear, release the clutch lever slowly and simultaneously open the throttle carefully.
Shifting, riding
7.4
Warning
Danger of accidents If you change down at high engine speed, the rear wheel can lock up.
–
Do not change into a low gear at high engine speed. The engine overspeeds and the rear wheel can block.
Info
If you hear unusual noises while riding, stop immediately, switch off the engine and contact an authorized KTM workshop.
First gear is used for starting off or for steep inclines.
–
When conditions allow (incline, road situation, etc.), you can shift into a higher gear. To do so, release the throttle while simultaneously pulling the clutch lever, shift into the next gear, release the clutch and open the throttle.
–
If the choke function was activated, deactivate it after the engine has warmed up.
–
When you reach maximum speed after fully opening the throttle, turn back the throttle to about ¾ of its range. This barely reduces
vehicle speed but lowers fuel consumption considerably.
–
Always open the throttle only as much as the engine can handle – abrupt throttle opening increases fuel consumption.
–
To shift down, brake and close the throttle at the same time.
–
Pull the clutch lever and shift into a lower gear, release the clutch lever slowly and open the throttle or shift again.
–
Switch off the engine if you expect to be stationary for a long time.
Guideline
≥ 2 min
–
Avoid frequent and prolonged slipping of the clutch. This causes heat build-up in the engine oil, the engine and the cooling system.
–
Ride at lower engine speeds instead of high revs and a slipping clutch.
Braking
7.5
Warning
Danger of accidents If you brake too hard, the wheels can lock.
–
Adapt your braking to the traffic situation and the road conditions.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency caused by spongy pressure point of front or rear brake.
–
Check the brake system and do not continue riding. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to wet or dirty brakes.
–
Clean or dry dirty or wet brakes by riding and braking gently.
RIDING INSTRUCTIONS
33
–
On sandy, wet or slippery surfaces, use the rear brake.
–
Braking should always be completed before you go into a bend. Change down to a lower gear appropriate to your road speed.
–
On long downhill stretches, use the braking effect of the engine. Change down one or two gears, but do not overstress the engine.
In this way, you have to brake far less and the brakes do not overheat.
Stopping, parking
7.6
Warning
Risk of misappropriation Usage by unauthorized persons.
–
Never leave the vehicle while the engine is running. Secure the vehicle against use by unauthorized persons.
Warning
Danger of burns Some vehicle components get very hot when the vehicle is in use.
–
Do not touch hot components such as exhaust system, radiator, engine, shock absorber and brakes. Allow these components to cool down before starting work on them.
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
Note
Fire hazard Some vehicle components become very hot when the vehicle is operated.
–
Do not park the vehicle near flammable or explosive substances. Do not place objects on the vehicle while it is still warm from
being run. Always let the vehicle cool first.
Note
Material damage Damage and destruction of components by excessive load.
–
The side stand is designed for the weight of the motorcycle only. Do not sit on the motorcycle when it is supported by the side
stand only. The side stand and/or the frame could be damaged and the motorcycle could fall over.
–
Brake the motorcycle.
–
Shift transmission to neutral.
–
Turn the key in the ignition switch to the position
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the OFF position. (Figure 500137-10
–
Park the motorcycle on firm ground.
while the engine is idling.
p. 22)
Refueling
7.7
Danger
Fire hazard Fuel is highly flammable.
–
Never refuel the vehicle near open flames or burning cigarettes, and always switch off the engine first. Be careful that no
fuel is spilt, especially on hot vehicle components. Clean up spilt fuel immediately.
–
Fuel in the fuel tank expands when warm and can escape if the tank is overfilled. See the notes on refueling.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Fuel is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact of the fuel with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not inhale fuel vapors. If fuel gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If fuel is swallowed,
contact a doctor immediately. Change clothing that has come into contact with fuel.
Warning
Environmental hazard Improper handling of fuel is a danger to the environment.
–
Do not allow fuel to get into the ground water, the ground, or the sewage system.
–
Switch off engine.
–
Open the filler cap. (
p. 22)
RIDING INSTRUCTIONS
34
–
Fill the fuel tank with fuel up to measurement .
Guideline
Measurement of 
A
Total fuel tank
capacity, approx.
–
400382-10
Close the filler cap. (
35 mm (1.38 in)
9.2 l
(2.43 US gal)
p. 22)
Super unleaded (ROZ 95 / RON 95 /
PON 91) ( p. 106)
SERVICE SCHEDULE
35
Important maintenance work to be carried out by an authorized KTM workshop.
8.1
Engine
Change the engine oil and oil filter and clean the engine oil screen.
Change the gear oil and clean the gear oil screen.
x(
x(
p. 82)
p. 84)
S3N
S15A
S30A
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace spark plug.
•
•
•
•
Check engine mounting screws for tightness.
•
•
•
Clean spark plug connectors and check for tightness.
•
•
•
Check that the screws in the shift lever and the kickstarter are tight.
•
•
•
•
•
Check the valve clearance.
Carburetor
Attachments
x
Check carburetor connection boots for cracks and leakage.
Check vent hoses for damage and routing without sharp bends.
•
•
•
Check idle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the cooling system for leakage.
Check the anti-freeze and coolant level. (
p. 73)
Check the exhaust system for leakage and looseness.
Check the cables for damage, smooth operation and routing without sharp bends.
•
•
•
Check the fluid level of the hydraulic clutch. (
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean the air filter.
x(
p. 78)
p. 77)
Check cables for damage and routing without sharp bends.
Check that the electrical equipment is functioning properly.
Check the headlight adjustment. (
Brakes
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
p. 61)
•
•
•
Check brake lines for damage and leakage.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the front brake linings. (
Check the rear brake linings. (
Check the brake discs. (
p. 70)
p. 58)
p. 62)
p. 56)
Check the brake fluid level of the front brake. (
Check the rear brake fluid level. (
Check the free travel of the hand brake lever. (
Check the free travel of the foot brake lever. (
p. 57)
p. 56)
p. 60)
Check brake system function.
Check screws and guide bolts of brake system for tightness.
suspension
Check shock absorber and fork for leakage and functioning.
Clean the dust boots of the fork legs. (
Bleed fork legs. (
x
p. 44)
p. 44)
Check the frame and swingarm for damage.
•
•
•
•
•
Check all screws to see if they are tight.
•
•
•
Check the spoke tension. (
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the swingarm bearing.
x
Check the steering head bearing play. (
Wheels
p. 45)
p. 68)
Check the wheel hubs for damage.
Check rim run-out.
Check the tire condition. (
p. 67)
Check the tire air pressure. (
Check the chain wear. (
p. 53)
Check the chain tension. (
Clean the chain. (
p. 67)
p. 52)
p. 52)
Check the wheel bearing for play.
x
Clean and grease adjusting screws of chain adjuster.
S3N: Once after 3 operating hours
S15A: Every 15 operating hours/after every race
S30A: Every 30 operating hours
SERVICE SCHEDULE
36
Important maintenance work to be carried out by an authorized KTM workshop. (as additional order)
8.2
Competition use
S15A
Perform a fork service.
S30A
Hobby use
S45A
S30A
S60A
x
•
Perform a shock absorber service.
x
Grease the steering head bearing. x ( p. 49)
Treat electric contacts with contact spray.
Change the hydraulic clutch fluid. x ( p. 78)
Change the front brake fluid. x
Change the rear brake fluid. x
Clean the spark arrestor. x
Check wear of clutch discs. x
Check the clutch. x
Check/measure the cylinder. x
Change the piston. x
Check the camshaft. x
Change the camshaft bearing. x
Check the valve spring seat. x
Check the cylinder head. x
Check the valves. x
Check the valve springs. x
Check the radial clearance of the rocker arm
rollers. x
Check the timing-chain tensioner function. x
Check the balancer shaft. x
Check the crankshaft run-out at the bearing
pin. x
Change the connecting rod, conrod bearing and
crank pin. x
Change the crankshaft main bearing. x
Check the transmission. x
Check the shift mechanism. x
Check the spring length of the oil pressure regulator valve. x
Change glass fiber yarn filling of main
silencer. x
Replace foot brake cylinder seals. x
Check/adjust the carburetor components. x
S15A: Every 15 operating hours/after every race
S30A: Every 30 operating hours
S45A: Every 45 operating hours
S60A: Every 60 operating hours
S90A: Every 90 operating hours
S15N: Once after 15 operating hours
J1A: Annually
S15N
S45A
•
•
J1A
S90A
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SERVICE SCHEDULE
37
Important checks and maintenance work to be carried out by the rider
8.3
NB1A
Check the engine oil level. (
p. 81)
•
Check the brake fluid level of the front brake. (
Check the rear brake fluid level. (
Check the front brake linings. (
p. 57)
p. 61)
•
p. 58)
Check the rear brake linings. (
•
•
p. 62)
•
Check and adjust the cables.
•
Bleed fork legs. (
•
p. 44)
Clean the dust boots of the fork legs. (
Clean the chain. (
p. 44)
•
Check the chain tension. (
Check the chain wear. (
p. 52)
•
p. 53)
•
Check rear sprocket/engine sprocket for wear. (
Clean the air filter.
•
p. 52)
x(
Check the coolant level. (
p. 67)
•
p. 67)
•
p. 74)
Empty the carburetor float chamber.
•
•
p. 77)
Check the tire air pressure. (
Check the tire condition. (
p. 53)
•
x(
p. 81)
•
Check all controls for smooth operation.
•
Check braking.
•
Check all screws, nuts and hose clamps regularly for tightness.
•
NB1A: Depending on conditions of use according to requirements.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
38
Jacking up the motorcycle
9.1
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
Jack up the motorcycle underneath the engine. The wheels should no longer touch
the ground.
Work stand (54829055000)
500074-01
–
Secure the motorcycle against falling over.
Removing the motorcycle from the work stand
9.2
Note
Danger of damage The parked vehicle may roll away or fall over.
–
Always place the vehicle on a firm and even surface.
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand.
–
Remove the work stand.
Checking the basic suspension setting with the rider's weight
9.3
Info
When adjusting the basic suspension setting, first adjust the shock absorber and then the fork.
–
For optimal motorcycle riding characteristics and to avoid damage to forks, shock absorbers, swing arm and frame, the basic settings of the suspension components must match your body weight.
–
As delivered, KTM off-road motorcycles are adjusted for a standard rider weight (with full protective clothing).
Guideline
Standard rider weight
75… 85 kg (165… 187 lb.)
–
If your weight is above or below the standard range, you have to adjust the basic setting of the suspension components accordingly.
–
Small weight differences can be compensated by adjusting the spring preload, but in the case of large weight differences, the
springs must be replaced.
Compression damping of shock absorber
9.4
The shock absorber can regulate compression damping separately in the low-speed and high-speed ranges (Dual Compression Control).
The terms low-speed and high-speed refers to the movement of the shock absorber during compression and not to the riding speed of
the motorcycle.
Changes in the settings in the low-speed range have an impact on the high-speed range and vice versa.
Adjusting the high-speed compression damping of the shock absorber
9.5
Danger
Danger of accidents Disassembly of pressurized parts can lead to injury.
–
The shock absorber is filled with high density nitrogen. Adhere to the description provided. (Your authorized KTM workshop
will be glad to help.)
Info
The high-speed setting can be seen during the fast compression of the shock absorber.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
39
Turn adjusting screw  clockwise with a socket wrench until it stops.
Info
Do not loosen nut !
–
Turn back counterclockwise by the number of turns corresponding to the shock
absorber type.
Guideline
Compression damping, high-speed
400208-10
Comfort
2 turns
Standard
1.5 turns
Sport
1.25 turns
Info
Turn clockwise to increase damping; turn counterclockwise to reduce damping.
Adjusting the low-speed compression damping of the shock absorber
9.6
Danger
Danger of accidents Disassembly of pressurized parts can lead to injury.
–
The shock absorber is filled with high density nitrogen. Adhere to the description provided. (Your authorized KTM workshop
will be glad to help.)
Info
The low-speed setting can be seen during the slow to normal compression of the shock absorber.
–
Turn adjusting screw  clockwise with a screwdriver up to the last perceptible
click.
Info
Do not loosen nut !
–
Turn back counterclockwise by the number of clicks corresponding to the shock
absorber type.
Guideline
400209-10
Compression damping, low-speed
Comfort
22 clicks
Standard
20 clicks
Sport
15 clicks
Info
Turn clockwise to increase damping, turn counterclockwise to reduce suspension damping.
Adjusting rebound damping of the shock absorber
9.7
Danger
Danger of accidents Disassembly of pressurized parts can lead to injury.
–
The shock absorber is filled with high density nitrogen. Adhere to the description provided. (Your authorized KTM workshop
will be glad to help.)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
40
Turn adjusting screw  clockwise up to the last perceptible click.
Info
Do not loosen nut !
–
Turn back counterclockwise by the number of clicks corresponding to the shock
absorber type.
Guideline
Rebound damping
400210-10
Comfort
26 clicks
Standard
24 clicks
Sport
22 clicks
Info
Turn clockwise to increase damping, turn counterclockwise to reduce suspension damping.
Measuring rear wheel sag unloaded
9.8
A
0
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Measure the distance – as vertical as possible – between the rear axle and a fixed
point, for example, a mark on the side cover.
–
Make a note of the value as measurement .
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 38)
–
Measure distance  of rear wheel unloaded. (
p. 40)
–
Ask someone to help you by holding the motorcycle upright.
–
Measure the distance between the rear axle and the fixed point again.
–
Make a note of the value as measurement .
p. 38)
400220-10
Checking static sag of shock absorber
9.9
A
0
Info
The static sag is the difference between measurements  and .
–
Check the static sag.
Static sag
»
If the static sag is less or more than the specified value:
–
B
0
400221-10
35 mm (1.38 in)
Adjust the spring preload of the shock absorber.
x(
p. 41)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
41
Checking riding sag of shock absorber
9.10
0
A
–
Measure distance  of rear wheel unloaded. (
–
With the help of another person holding the motorcycle, the rider, wearing complete clothing, sits on the motorcycle in a normal position (feet on footrests) and
rocks up and down a few times so that the rear wheel suspension levels out.
–
The other person now has to measure the distance between the rear axle and a
fixed point.
–
Make a note of the value as measurement .
p. 40)
Info
The riding sag is the difference between measurements  and .
–
Check the riding sag.
Riding sag
»
C
105 mm (4.13 in)
If the riding sag differs from the specified measurement:
–
Adjust the riding sag.
x(
p. 42)
400222-10
Adjusting spring preload of the shock absorber
9.11
x
Danger
Danger of accidents Disassembly of pressurized parts can lead to injury.
–
The shock absorber is filled with high density nitrogen. Adhere to the description provided. (Your authorized KTM workshop
will be glad to help.)
Info
Before changing the spring preload, make a note of the present setting, e.g., by measuring the length of the spring.
2
1
–
Remove shock absorber.
–
After removing the shock absorber, clean it thoroughly.
–
Unscrew screw .
–
Turn adjusting ring  until the spring is no longer under tension.
x(
p. 42)
Combination wrench (50329080000)
A
Hook wrench (T106S)
–
Measure the overall spring length when not under tension.
–
Tighten the spring by turning adjusting ring  to measurement .
Guideline
Spring preload
9 mm (0.35 in)
Info
Depending on the static sag and/or the riding sag, it may be necessary to
increase or decrease the spring preload.
–
Tighten screw .
Guideline
Screw, shock absorber adjusting ring
–
400216-10
Install the shock absorber.
x(
p. 42)
M6
5 Nm (3.7 lbf ft)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Adjusting riding sag
9.12
42
x
–
Remove shock absorber.
–
After removing the shock absorber, clean it thoroughly.
–
Choose and fit a suitable spring.
x(
p. 42)
Guideline
Spring rate
Weight of rider: 65… 75 kg (143… 165 lb.)
69 N/mm (394 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 75… 85 kg (165… 187 lb.)
72 N/mm (411 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 85… 95 kg (187… 209 lb.)
76 N/mm (434 lb/in)
Info
The spring rate is shown on the outside of the spring.
Smaller weight differences can be compensated by changing the spring preload.
–
Install the shock absorber.
–
Check the static sag of the shock absorber. (
p. 40)
–
Check the riding sag of the shock absorber. (
p. 41)
–
Adjust the rebound damping of the shock absorber. (
x(
Removing the shock absorber
9.13
p. 42)
p. 39)
x
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Remove screw  and lower the rear wheel with the swing arm as far as possible
without blocking the rear wheel. Fix the rear wheel in this position.
–
Remove screw , push splash protector  to the side, and remove the shock
absorber.
–
Push splash protector  to the side and position the shock absorber. Mount and
tighten screw .
p. 38)
800023-10
Installing the shock absorber
9.14
x
Guideline
Screw, top shock absorber
–
M12
80 Nm
(59 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
M12
80 Nm
(59 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Mount and tighten screw .
Guideline
Screw, bottom shock
absorber
800023-11
Info
The heim joint for the shock absorber at the swing arm is Teflon coated. It
must not be greased with grease or with other lubricants. Lubricants dissolve the Teflon coating, thereby drastically reducing the service life.
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 38)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
43
Checking basic setting of fork
9.15
Info
For various reasons, no exact riding sag can be determined for the forks.
–
As with the shock absorber, smaller weight differences can be compensated by the
spring preload.
–
However, if your fork is often overloaded (hits the bump stops on compression), it is
recommended to fit stiffer springs to avoid damage to the fork and frame.
400189-01
Adjusting the compression damping of the fork
9.16
Info
The hydraulic compression damping determines the fork suspension behavior.
–
Remove protection covers .
–
Turn adjusting screws  clockwise until they stop.
Info
The adjusting screws  are located at the bottom end of the fork legs.
Make sure the setting is identical on both fork legs.
–
Turn back counterclockwise by the number of clicks corresponding to the fork type.
Guideline
100020-10
Compression damping
Comfort
26 clicks
Standard
22 clicks
Sport
18 clicks
Info
Turn clockwise to increase damping, turn counterclockwise to reduce suspension damping.
–
Mount protection covers .
Adjusting rebound damping of fork
9.17
Info
The hydraulic rebound damping determines the fork suspension behavior.
–
Turn adjusting screws  clockwise until they stop.
Info
The adjusting screws  are located at the top end of the fork legs.
Make sure the setting is identical on both fork legs.
–
Turn back counterclockwise by the number of clicks corresponding to the fork type.
Guideline
Rebound damping
800017-10
Comfort
24 clicks
Standard
20 clicks
Sport
20 clicks
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
44
Info
Turn clockwise to increase damping, turn counterclockwise to reduce suspension damping.
Adjusting spring preload of the fork
9.18
–
Turn adjusting screws counterclockwise until they stop.
Info
Make sure the setting is identical on both fork legs.
–
Turn back clockwise by the number of turns corresponding to the fork type.
Guideline
Spring preload - Preload Adjuster
800015-10
Comfort
0 turn
Standard
2 turns
Sport
4 turns
Info
Turn clockwise to increase spring preload, turn counterclockwise to reduce
spring preload.
Adjusting the spring preload has no influence on the absorption setting of
the rebound damping.
Basically, however, you should set the rebound damping higher with a
higher spring preload.
Bleeding fork legs
9.19
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Remove bleeder screws  briefly.
p. 38)
Any excess pressure escapes from the interior of the fork.
–
Mount and tighten bleeder screws.
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Loosen the fork protector. (
–
Push dust boots  of both fork legs downwards.
p. 38)
100021-10
Cleaning the dust boots of the fork legs
9.20
p. 38)
p. 45)
Info
The dust boots should remove dust and coarse dirt particles from the fork
tubes. Over time, there is an ingress of dirt inside the boots. If this dirt is
not removed, it may cause the oil seals to leak.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the
brake discs.
500088-10
–
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with
brake cleaner when necessary.
Clean and oil the dust boots and inner fork tube of both fork legs.
Universal oil spray (
–
p. 108)
Press the dust boots back into their normal position.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
45
–
Remove excess oil.
–
Position the fork protector. (
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
–
Remove screws  and remove the clamp.
–
Remove screws  on the left fork leg. Push the fork protector downwards.
–
Remove the screws on the right fork leg. Push the fork protector downwards.
–
Position the fork protector on the left fork leg. Mount and tighten screws .
p. 45)
p. 38)
Loosening the fork protector
9.21
600875-11
Positioning the fork protector
9.22
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Position the brake line and wiring harness. Put the clamp on, and mount and
tighten screws .
–
Position the fork protector on the right fork leg. Mount and tighten the screws.
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
600875-10
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Checking steering head bearing play
9.23
Warning
Danger of accidents Unstable vehicle handling from incorrect steering head bearing play.
–
Adjust the steering head bearing play without delay. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Info
If the bike is driven for a longer time with play in the steering head bearing, the bearing and the bearing seats in the frame can
be damaged after time.
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Move the handlebar to the straight-ahead position. Move the fork legs to and fro in
the direction of travel.
p. 38)
No play should be noticeable in the steering head bearing.
»
If there is noticeable play present:
–
–
Adjust play of the steering head bearing.
x(
p. 46)
Move the handlebar to and fro over the entire steering range.
The handlebar must be able to move easily over the entire steering range. No
resting locations should be noticeable.
400387-10
»
–
If click positions are noticeable:
–
Adjust play of the steering head bearing.
–
Check the steering head bearing and replace if required.
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
x(
p. 38)
p. 46)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Adjusting play of steering head bearing
9.24
46
x
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Loosen screw . Remove screw .
–
Loosen and retighten screw .
p. 38)
Guideline
Screw, top steering head
M20x1.5
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Using a plastic hammer, tap lightly on the upper triple clamp to avoid strains.
–
Fully tighten screw .
Guideline
Screw, top triple clamp
800022-10
–
M8
17 Nm
(12.5 lbf ft)
Mount and tighten screw .
Guideline
Screw, top steering stem
Removing the fork legs
9.25
M8
17 Nm
(12.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
–
Check the steering head bearing play. (
–
Remove front wheel.
–
Remove screws  and remove the clamp.
–
Remove cable clip , remove screw  and remove the brake caliper.
–
Allow the brake caliper and brake line to hang tension-free to the side.
–
Unscrew screws . Take out the left fork leg.
–
Unscrew screws . Take out the right fork leg.
–
Position the fork legs.
p. 45)
x
x(
p. 64)
100802-10
100803-10
Installing fork legs
9.26
x
Info
The topmost milled groove in the fork leg must be flush to the upper edge of
the upper triple clamp.
Position bleeder screws  toward the front.
100021-10
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
47
Fully tighten screw .
Guideline
Screw, top triple clamp
–
M8
17 Nm
(12.5 lbf ft)
M8
12 Nm (8.9 lbf ft)
Tighten screws .
Guideline
Screw, bottom triple clamp
100803-11
–
Position brake caliper, mount and tighten screws .
Guideline
Screw, front brake caliper
Removing the fork protector
25 Nm
(18.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
–
Mount cable clip .
–
Position the brake line and wiring harness. Put the clamp on, mount and tighten
screws .
–
Install the front wheel.
–
Remove the fork legs.
–
Remove screws  on the left fork leg. Remove the fork protector upwards.
–
Remove the screws on the right fork leg. Remove the fork protector upwards.
–
Position the fork protection on the left fork leg. Mount and tighten screws .
100802-11
9.27
M8
x(
p. 65)
x
x(
p. 46)
600878-10
Installing the fork protector
9.28
x
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
–
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Position the fork protection on the right fork leg. Mount and tighten the screws.
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Install the fork legs.
–
Remove the fork legs.
–
Remove the headlight mask with the headlight. (
–
Remove the front fender. (
–
Remove screws  and hang the CDI control unit to the side.
x(
p. 46)
600878-10
Removing the lower triple clamp
9.29
x
x(
p. 46)
p. 49)
p. 49)
Info
Do not unplug the CDI control unit.
–
Remove screw . Remove screw , take off top triple clamp with the handlebar
and place it on one side.
Info
500099-10
Protect the motorcycle and its attachments from damage by covering them.
Do not bend the cables and lines.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
48
–
Remove o-ring . Remove protector ring .
–
Remove the lower triple clamp with the steering stem.
–
Remove the upper steering head bearing.
–
Clean the bearing and sealing elements, check for damage, and grease.
500100-10
Installing the lower triple clamp
9.30
x
Long-life grease (
3
0
2
0
1
0
–
p. 107)
Insert the lower triple clamp with the steering stem. Mount the upper steering head
bearing.
Info
Check whether the top steering head seal  is correctly positioned.
–
Push up protective ring  and o-ring .
–
Position the upper triple clamp with the steering.
–
Mount and tighten screw .
500098-10
Guideline
Screw, top steering head
–
M20x1.5
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Position the clutch line, wiring harness and CDI control unit. Mount and tighten
screws .
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
500099-11
M6
–
Install the front fender. (
–
Refit the headlight mask with the headlight. (
–
Install the fork legs.
–
Mount and tighten screw .
x(
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
p. 49)
p. 50)
p. 46)
Guideline
Screw, top steering stem
500103-10
M8
17 Nm
(12.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
–
Check the cable harness, cable, brake and clutch line for free movement and free
laying.
–
Check the steering head bearing play. (
p. 45)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Greasing the steering head bearing
9.31
49
x
–
Remove the lower triple clamp.
–
x ( p. 47)
Install the lower triple clamp. x ( p. 48)
–
Remove screws . Remove the front fender.
–
Make sure the spacers remain in place.
–
Ensure that the spacers are mounted in the fender.
–
Position the front fender. Mount and tighten screws .
800010-10
Removing the front fender
9.32
600692-10
Installing the front fender
9.33
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Info
Make sure the holding lugs engage in the start number plate or headlight
mask.
600692-10
Removing headlight mask with headlight
9.34
–
Switch off all electrical equipment.
–
Remove screw  and take off clamp.
–
Loosen the rubber band . Push up the headlight mask and swing it forwards.
–
Pull out the electric plug connector  and remove the headlight mask with the
headlight.
600703-10
600702-10
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
50
Refitting the headlight mask with the headlight
9.35
–
Connect the electric plug connector .
–
Position the headlight mask and fix it with the rubber band .
600702-11
Info
Ensure that the retaining lugs engage in the fender.
–
Position the brake line and wiring harness. Put the clamp on, mount and tighten
screw .
–
Check the headlight adjustment. (
p. 70)
600703-11
Handlebar position
9.36
On the upper triple clamp, there are 2 holes at a distance of  to each other.
Distance  between holes
15 mm (0.59 in)
The holes on the handlebar support are placed at a distance of  from the center.
0
A
Distance  between holes
B
0
3.5 mm (0.138 in)
The handlebar supports can be mounted in 4 different positions.
400271-11
Adjusting the handlebar position
9.37
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Handlebar breakage.
–
If the handlebar is bent or straightened it will cause material fatigue, and the handlebar can break. Always replace handlebar.
–
1
0
2
0
Remove the four screws . Remove the handlebar clamp. Remove the handlebar
and lay it to one side.
Info
Protect the motorcycle and its attachments from damage by covering them.
Do not bend the cables and lines.
–
Remove the two screws . Remove the handlebar support.
–
Place the handlebar support in the required position. Mount and tighten the two
screws .
400271-10
Guideline
Screw, handlebar support
M10
40 Nm
(29.5 lbf ft)
Info
Position evenly the left and right handlebar supports.
–
Position the handlebar.
Info
Make sure cables and wiring are positioned correctly.
Loctite® 243™
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
51
Position the handlebar clamp. Mount and evenly tighten the four screws .
Guideline
Screw, handlebar clamp
M8
20 Nm
(14.8 lbf ft)
Info
Make sure the gap width is even.
Checking throttle cable route
9.38
–
The two throttle cables must run parallel behind the handlebar down to the frame.
They must be routed directly to the right of the frame above the tank bracket
towards the carburetor.
–
Move the handlebar to the straight-ahead position. Move the throttle grip backwards and forwards to ascertain the play in the throttle cable.
500152-10
Checking the play in the throttle cable
9.39
Play in throttle cable
»
3… 5 mm (0.12… 0.2 in)
If the throttle cable play does not meet specifications:
–
Adjust the play in the throttle cable.
x(
p. 51)
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
400192-10
–
–
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
Start the engine and let it run idle. Move the handlebar to and fro over the entire
steering range.
The idle speed must not change.
»
If the idle speed changes:
–
Adjusting the play in the throttle cable
9.40
Adjust the play in the throttle cable.
x(
p. 51)
x
–
Remove the fuel tank.
–
Check throttle cable route. (
–
Move the handlebar to the straight-ahead position.
–
Push back bellows .
–
Loosen nut . Turn adjusting screw  in as far as possible.
–
Loosen nut . Turn adjusting screw  so that there is play in the gas throttle
cable at the throttle grip.
x(
p. 71)
p. 51)
Guideline
Play in throttle cable
500153-10
3… 5 mm (0.12… 0.2 in)
–
Tighten nut .
–
Press and hold the throttle grip in the closed setting. Turn adjusting screw  out
until there is no play in the throttle cable .
–
Tighten nut .
–
Push bellows  on. Check the throttle grip for smooth operation.
–
Install the fuel tank.
–
Check the play in the throttle cable. (
x(
p. 72)
p. 51)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
52
Checking for chain dirt accumulation
9.41
–
Check the chain for coarse dirt accumulation.
»
If the chain is very dirty:
–
Clean the chain. (
p. 52)
400678-01
Cleaning the chain
9.42
Warning
Danger of accidents Oil or grease on the tires reduces their grip.
–
Remove oil and grease with a suitable cleaning material.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the brake discs.
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with brake cleaner when necessary.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
The service life of the chain depends largely on its maintenance.
–
Clean the chain regularly and then treat with chain spray.
Chain cleaner (
p. 107)
Off-road chain spray (
p. 107)
400725-01
Checking the chain tension
9.43
Warning
Danger of accidents Danger caused by incorrect chain tension.
–
If the chain tension is too high, the components of the secondary power train (chain, engine sprocket, rear sprocket, bearings in transmission and rear wheel) are under additional load. Apart from premature wear, in extreme cases the chain can
rupture or the countershaft of the transmission can break. On the other hand, if the chain is loose, it can fall off the engine
sprocket or the rear sprocket and block the rear wheel or damage the engine. Check the chain tension and correct if necessary.
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Push the chain up at the rear edge of the chain guide to measure the chain tension .
p. 38)
Info
The upper chain section  must be taut.
Chain wear is not always even, so you should repeat this measurement at
different chain positions.
Chain tension
400213-10
8… 10 mm (0.31… 0.39 in)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
»
If the chain tension does not meet specifications:
–
–
53
Adjusting chain tension - after checking. (
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 55)
p. 38)
Checking chain tension when fitting rear wheel
9.44
Warning
Danger of accidents Danger caused by incorrect chain tension.
–
If the chain tension is too high, the components of the secondary power train (chain, engine sprocket, rear sprocket, bearings in transmission and rear wheel) are under additional load. Apart from premature wear, in extreme cases the chain can
rupture or the countershaft of the transmission can break. On the other hand, if the chain is loose, it can fall off the engine
sprocket or the rear sprocket and block the rear wheel or damage the engine. Check the chain tension and correct if necessary.
–
Make sure that the chain adjusters are fitted correctly on the adjusting screws.
–
Push the chain up at the rear edge of the chain guide to measure the chain tension .
Info
The upper chain section  must be taut.
Chain wear is not always even, so you should repeat this measurement at
different chain positions.
Chain tension
400213-10
»
8… 10 mm (0.31… 0.39 in)
If the chain tension does not meet specifications:
–
Adjust the chain tension when fitting rear wheel. (
p. 55)
Checking the rear sprocket/engine sprocket for wear
9.45
–
Check rear sprocket/engine sprocket for wear.
»
If the rear sprocket / engine sprocket are worn:
–
Replace the rear sprocket/engine sprocket.
Info
When fitting the split link, always make sure that the closed side of
the locking clip faces forward (riding direction).
The engine sprocket, rear sprocket and chain should always be
replaced together.
400227-01
–
Check the chain guide for tightness and wear.
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Shift transmission to neutral.
–
Pull on the upper part of the chain with the specified weight .
Checking chain wear
9.46
p. 38)
Guideline
0
A
Weight of chain wear measurement
–
10… 15 kg (22… 33 lb.)
Measure the distance  of 18 chain links in the lower chain section.
Info
Chain wear is not always even, so you should repeat this measurement at
different chain positions.
Maximum distance  at the longest
chain section
»
1 2 3
If the distance  is greater than the specified measurement:
–
B
0
272 mm (10.71 in)
Replace the chain.
Info
16 17 18
400226-10
When you replace the chain, you should also replace rear sprocket
and engine sprocket.
New chains wear out faster on old, worn sprockets.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
54
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 38)
Adjusting chain tension
9.47
Warning
Danger of accidents Danger caused by incorrect chain tension.
–
If the chain tension is too high, the components of the secondary power train (chain, engine sprocket, rear sprocket, bearings in transmission and rear wheel) are under additional load. Apart from premature wear, in extreme cases the chain can
rupture or the countershaft of the transmission can break. On the other hand, if the chain is loose, it can fall off the engine
sprocket or the rear sprocket and block the rear wheel or damage the engine. Check the chain tension and correct if necessary.
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Push the chain up at the rear edge of the chain guide to measure the chain tension .
p. 38)
Info
The upper chain section  must be taut.
Chain wear is not always even, so you should repeat this measurement at
different chain positions.
400213-10
–
Loosen nut .
–
Loosen nuts .
–
Adjust the chain tension by turning the adjusting screws  left and right.
Guideline
Chain tension
8… 10 mm (0.31… 0.39 in)
Turn adjusting screws  on the left and right so that the markings on the left
and right chain adjusters are in the same position relative to the reference
marks . The rear wheel is then correctly aligned.
–
Tighten nuts .
–
Make sure that chain adjusters  are fitted correctly on adjusting screws .
–
Tighten nut .
Guideline
Nut, rear wheel spindle
M20x1.5
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
Info
The wide adjustment range of the chain adjusters (32 mm) enables different
secondary transmissions with the same chain length.
Chain adjusters  can be turned by 180°.
400225-10
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 38)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
55
Adjusting chain tension - after checking
9.48
–
Loosen nut .
–
Loosen nuts .
–
Adjust the chain tension by turning the adjusting screws  left and right.
Guideline
Chain tension
8… 10 mm (0.31… 0.39 in)
Turn the adjusting screws  left and right so that the markings on the left and
right chain adjusters are in the same position relative to the reference marks .
The rear wheel is then correctly aligned.
–
Tighten nuts .
–
Make sure that the chain adjusters  are fitted correctly on the adjusting
screws .
–
Tighten nut .
Guideline
Nut, rear wheel spindle
M20x1.5
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
Info
The wide adjustment range of the chain adjusters (32 mm) enables different
secondary transmissions with the same chain length.
The chain adjusters  can be turned by 180°.
400225-13
Adjusting chain tension - fitting rear wheel
9.49
–
Loosen nuts .
–
Adjust the chain tension by turning the adjusting screws  left and right.
Guideline
Chain tension
8… 10 mm (0.31… 0.39 in)
Turn the adjusting screws  left and right so that the markings on the left and
right chain adjusters are in the same position relative to the reference marks .
The rear wheel is then correctly aligned.
–
400225-11
Tighten nuts .
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Adjusting chain guide
9.50
56
x
–
Remove screws  and . Take off the chain guide.
Condition
Number of teeth: ≤ 44 teeth
–
Insert nut  in hole . Position the chain guide.
–
Mount and tighten screws  and .
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm
(7.4 lbf ft)
Condition
Number of teeth: ≥ 45 teeth
–
Insert nut  in hole . Position the chain guide.
–
Mount and tighten screws  and .
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm
(7.4 lbf ft)
400252-10
Checking brake discs
9.51
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to worn brake disc(s).
–
Change the worn brake disc(s) without delay. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
–
Check the thickness of the front and rear brake discs at several places on the disk
to see if it conforms to measurement .
Info
A
Wear reduces the thickness of the brake disc around the area used by the
brake linings.
Brake discs - wear limit
400257-10
»
2.5 mm (0.098 in)
Rear
3.5 mm (0.138 in)
If the brake disc thickness is less than the specified value:
–
–
Front
Change the brake disc.
Check the front and rear brake discs for damage, cracking and deformation.
»
If the brake disc shows signs of damage, cracking or deformation:
–
Change the brake disc.
Checking free travel of hand brake lever
9.52
Warning
Danger of accidents Brake system failure.
–
If there is no free travel on the hand brake lever, pressure builds up in the front brake circuit. The front brake can fail due
to overheating. Adjust free travel on hand brake lever according to specifications.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
57
Push the hand brake to the handlebar and check free travel .
Free travel of hand brake lever
»
≥ 3 mm (≥ 0.12 in)
If the free travel does not meet specifications:
–
Adjust the free travel of the hand brake lever. (
p. 57)
400196-13
Adjusting free travel of hand brake lever
9.53
–
Check the free travel of the hand brake lever. (
–
Adjust the free travel of the hand brake lever with adjusting screw .
p. 56)
Info
Turn the adjustment screw clockwise to reduce free travel. The pressure
point moves away from the handlebar.
Turn the adjustment screw counterclockwise to increase free travel. The
pressure point moves towards the handlebar.
The range of adjustment is limited.
Turn the adjusting screw by hand only, and do not apply any force.
Do not make any adjustments while riding!
400196-12
Checking the brake fluid level of the front brake
9.54
Warning
Danger of accidents Failure of the brake system.
–
If the brake fluid level falls below the MIN mark, this indicates a leakage in the brake system or worn-out brake linings.
Check the brake system and do not continue riding. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
–
Move the brake fluid reservoir mounted on the handlebar to a horizontal position.
–
Check the brake fluid level in viewer .
»
If the brake fluid is below the MIN mark:
–
Top up the brake fluid of the front brake.
x(
p. 57)
400231-10
Topping up the front brake fluid
9.55
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Failure of the brake system.
–
If the brake fluid level falls below the MIN mark, this indicates a leakage in the brake system or worn-out brake linings.
Check the brake system and do not continue riding. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
58
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Never user DOT 5 brake fluid! This is based on silicone oil and is colored purple. Oil seals and brake lines are not designed for
DOT 5 brake fluid.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid is corrosive!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
–
Move the brake fluid reservoir mounted on the handlebar to a horizontal position.
–
Remove screws .
–
Remove cover  with membrane .
–
Add brake fluid to level .
Guideline
Measurement of 
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
–
5 mm (0.2 in)
p. 105)
Position the cover with the membrane. Mount and tighten the screws.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt brake fluid immediately with water.
100820-10
Checking the front brake linings
9.56
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency caused by worn brake linings.
–
Change worn brake linings immediately. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
–
Check the brake linings for minimum thickness .
Minimum thickness 
»
If the minimum thickness is less than specified:
–
–
Change the front brake linings.
x(
p. 59)
Check the brake linings for damage and cracking.
»
If damage or cracking is visible:
–
100394-10
≥ 1 mm (≥ 0.04 in)
Change the front brake linings.
x(
p. 59)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Changing the front brake linings
9.57
59
x
Warning
Danger of accident Brake system failure.
–
Maintenance work and repairs must be carried out professionally. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the brake discs.
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with brake cleaner when necessary.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to use of non-approved brake linings.
–
Brake linings available from accessory suppliers are often not tested and approved for use on KTM vehicles. The construction and friction factor of the brake linings and therefore the brake power can differ considerably from the original KTM
brake linings. If brake linings are used that differ from the originals, there is no guarantee that they comply with the original license. The vehicle no longer corresponds to the condition at delivery, and the warranty is no longer valid.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Never user DOT 5 brake fluid! This is based on silicone oil and is colored purple. Oil seals and brake lines are not designed for
DOT 5 brake fluid.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid is corrosive!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
–
Move the brake fluid reservoir mounted on the handlebar to a horizontal position.
–
Remove screws .
–
Remove cover  with membrane .
–
Press the brake caliper by hand on to the brake disc in order to press back the
brake pistons. Ensure that brake fluid does not overflow from the brake fluid reservoir, using suction to remove it if it does.
Info
Make sure when pushing back the brake pistons that you do not press the
brake caliper against the spokes.
100395-10
100396-10
–
Remove locking split pins , withdraw bolt , and take out the brake pads.
–
Clean brake caliper and brake caliper support.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
7
0
06
60
–
Check that anti-squeal shim  in the brake caliper and anti-rattle shim  in the
brake caliper support are seated correctly.
–
Fit the brake pads, insert the bolt, and mount the locking split pins.
–
Operate the hand brake lever repeatedly until the brake pads rest on the brake disc
and there is a noticeable pressure point.
–
Correct the brake fluid reservoir level to the marking .
100397-01
100398-10
Guideline
Measurement of 
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
–
5 mm (0.2 in)
p. 105)
Position the cover with the membrane. Mount and tighten the screws.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt brake fluid immediately with water.
100399-10
Checking the free travel of the foot brake lever
9.58
Warning
Danger of accidents Brake system failure.
–
If there is no free travel on the foot brake lever, pressure builds up on the rear brake circuit. The rear brake can fail due to
overheating. Adjust free travel on foot brake lever according to specifications.
–
Disconnect spring .
–
Move the foot brake lever backwards and forwards between the end stop and the
foot brake cylinder piston bracket and check free travel .
Guideline
Free travel at foot brake lever
»
If the free travel does not meet specifications:
–
500139-11
–
Adjust the basic position of the foot brake lever.
x(
p. 60)
Reconnect spring .
Adjusting the basic position of the foot brake lever
9.59
3… 5 mm (0.12… 0.2 in)
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Brake system failure.
–
If there is no free travel on the foot brake lever, pressure builds up on the rear brake circuit. The rear brake can fail due to
overheating. Adjust free travel on foot brake lever according to specifications.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
61
–
Disconnect spring .
–
Loosen nut , and with push rod , turn it back until you have maximum free
travel.
–
To adjust the basic position of the foot brake lever individually, loosen nut  and
turn screw  accordingly.
Info
The range of adjustment is limited.
500154-10
–
Turn push rod  accordingly until you have free travel . If necessary, adjust the
basic position of the foot brake lever.
Guideline
Free travel at foot brake lever
–
3… 5 mm (0.12… 0.2 in)
Hold screw  and tighten nut .
Guideline
Remaining nuts, chassis
–
M8
30 Nm
(22.1 lbf ft)
M6
15 Nm
(11.1 lbf ft)
Hold push rod  and tighten nut .
Guideline
Remaining nuts, chassis
–
Reconnect spring .
Checking rear brake fluid level
9.60
Warning
Danger of accidents Failure of the brake system.
–
If the brake fluid level falls below the MIN mark, this indicates a leakage in the brake system or worn-out brake linings.
Check the brake system and do not continue riding. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
–
Stand the vehicle upright.
–
Check the brake fluid level in the sight glass .
»
If there is an air bubble in the sight glass  visible:
–
Add brake fluid to the rear brake circuit.
x(
p. 61)
400234-10
Adding brake fluid to the rear brake circuit
9.61
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Failure of the brake system.
–
If the brake fluid level falls below the MIN mark, this indicates a leakage in the brake system or worn-out brake linings.
Check the brake system and do not continue riding. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
62
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Never use DOT 5 brake fluid! This is based on silicone oil and is colored purple. Oil seals and brake lines are not designed for
DOT 5 brake fluid.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid attacks paint!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
–
Stand the vehicle upright.
–
Remove screw cap  with membrane  and the O-ring.
–
Add brake fluid to level .
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
–
p. 105)
Mount the screw cap with the membrane and the O-ring.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt brake fluid immediately with water.
400233-10
Checking rear brake linings
9.62
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency caused by worn brake linings.
–
Change worn brake linings immediately. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
–
Check the brake linings for minimum thickness .
≥ 1 mm (≥ 0.04 in)
Minimum thickness 
»
If the minimum thickness is less than specified:
–
–
Change the rear brake linings.
x(
p. 62)
Check the brake linings for damage and cracking.
»
If damage or cracking is visible:
–
Change the rear brake linings.
x(
p. 62)
400238-10
Changing rear brake linings
9.63
x
Warning
Danger of accident Brake system failure.
–
Maintenance work and repairs must be carried out professionally. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking effect caused by old brake fluid.
–
Change the brake fluid of the front and rear brakes according to the service schedule. (Your authorized KTM workshop will
be glad to help.)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
63
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the brake discs.
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with brake cleaner when necessary.
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to use of non-approved brake linings.
–
Brake linings available from accessory suppliers are often not tested and approved for use on KTM vehicles. The construction and friction factor of the brake linings and therefore the brake power can differ considerably from the original KTM
brake linings. If brake linings are used that differ from the originals, there is no guarantee that they comply with the original license. The vehicle no longer corresponds to the condition at delivery, and the warranty is no longer valid.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Never user DOT 5 brake fluid! This is based on silicone oil and is colored purple. Oil seals and brake lines are not designed for
DOT 5 brake fluid.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid is corrosive!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
–
Stand the vehicle upright.
–
Remove screw cap  with membrane  and the O-ring.
–
Press the brake piston back to its basic position and make sure that no brake fluid
overflows from the brake fluid reservoir.
Info
Make sure when pushing back the brake piston that you do not press the
brake caliper against the spokes.
100807-10
–
Remove locking split pins , withdraw bolt , and take out the brake pads.
–
Clean brake caliper and brake caliper support.
–
Check that anti-squeal shim  in the brake caliper and anti-rattle shim  in the
brake caliper support are seated correctly.
–
Fit the brake pads, insert the bolt, and mount the locking split pins.
–
Operate the foot brake lever repeatedly until the brake linings lie on the brake disc
and there is a noticeable pressure point.
100808-10
100407-10
100408-01
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
Correct the brake fluid reservoir level to the marking .
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
–
p. 105)
Mount the screw cap  with the membrane  and the O-ring.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt brake fluid immediately with water.
400233-10
Removing front wheel
9.64
x
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Press the brake caliper by hand on to the brake disc in order to press back the
brake pistons.
p. 38)
Info
Make sure when pushing back the brake pistons that you do not press the
brake caliper against the spokes.
100809-01
–
Remove screw .
–
Loosen screw .
–
Holding the front wheel, withdraw the wheel spindle. Take the front wheel out of
the fork.
500084-10
Info
Do not operate the hand brake lever when the front wheel is removed.
Always lay the wheel down in such a way that the brake disc is not damaged.
500085-10
–
500086-10
Remove spacers .
64
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Installing the front wheel
9.65
65
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the brake discs.
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with brake cleaner when necessary.
–
Clean and grease shaft seal rings  and bearing surface  of the spacers.
Long-life grease (
p. 107)
–
Insert the spacers.
–
Lift the front wheel into the fork, position it, and insert the wheel spindle.
–
Mount and tighten screw .
500086-11
Guideline
Screw, front wheel spindle
500084-11
M24x1.5
45 Nm
(33.2 lbf ft)
–
Operate the hand brake lever several times until the brake linings are lying correctly
on the brake disc.
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
–
Pull the front wheel brake and push down hard on the fork several times to align
the fork legs.
–
Fully tighten screw .
p. 38)
Guideline
Screw, fork stub
Removing the rear wheel
9.66
M8
15 Nm
(11.1 lbf ft)
x
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Press the brake caliper by hand on to the brake disc in order to press back the
brake piston.
p. 38)
Info
Make sure when pushing back the brake piston that you do not press the
brake caliper against the spokes.
–
Remove nut .
–
Remove chain adjuster . Withdraw wheel spindle  only enough to allow the rear
wheel to be pushed forward.
–
Push the rear wheel forward as far as possible. Remove the chain from the rear
sprocket.
–
Holding the rear wheel, withdraw the wheel spindle. Take the rear wheel out of the
swingarm.
Info
Do not operate the foot brake when the rear wheel is removed.
Always lay the wheel down in such a way that the brake disc is not damaged.
400258-10
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
66
Remove spacers .
400260-11
Installing the rear wheel
9.67
x
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to oil or grease on the brake discs.
–
Always keep the brake discs free of oil and grease, and clean them with brake cleaner when necessary.
–
Clean and grease shaft seal rings  and bearing surface  of the spacers.
Long-life grease (
p. 107)
–
Insert the spacers.
–
Lift the rear wheel into the swing arm, position it, and insert the wheel spindle .
–
Put the chain on.
–
Position the chain adjuster . Mount nut , but do not tighten it yet.
–
Check chain tension when fitting rear wheel. (
–
Make sure that the chain adjusters  are fitted correctly on the adjusting
screws .
–
Tighten nut .
400260-10
400259-10
p. 53)
Guideline
Nut, rear wheel spindle
M20x1.5
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
Info
The wide adjustment range of the chain adjusters (32 mm) enables different
secondary transmissions with the same chain length.
The chain adjusters  can be turned by 180°.
400225-12
–
Operate the foot brake lever repeatedly until the brake linings lie on the brake disc
and there is a pressure point.
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
p. 38)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
67
Tire condition checking
9.68
Info
Only mount tires approved or recommended by KTM.
Other tires could have a negative effect on riding behavior.
The type, condition and air pressure of the tires all have an important impact on the riding behavior of the motorcycle.
The front and rear wheels must be mounted with tires with similar profiles.
Worn tires have a negative effect on riding behavior, especially on wet surfaces.
–
Examine the front and rear tires for cuts, foreign bodies and other damage.
»
If you find cuts, foreign bodies or other damage on a tire:
–
–
Change the tires.
Check the depth of the tread.
Info
Note local national regulations concerning the minimum tread depth.
Minimum tread depth
400602-10
»
If the tread depth is less than the minimum allowable depth:
–
–
≥ 2 mm (≥ 0.08 in)
Change the tires.
Check the age of the tires.
Info
The tire's date of manufacture is usually part of the tire markings and is
indicated by the last four digits of the DOT marking. The first two digits refer
to the week of manufacture and last two digits refer to the year of manufacture.
KTM recommends that the tires be changed after five years at the latest,
regardless of the actual state of wear.
»
If a tire is more than 5 years old:
–
Change the tires.
Checking tire air pressure
9.69
Info
Low tire air pressure leads to abnormal wear and overheating of the tire.
Correct tire air pressure ensures optimal riding comfort and maximum tire service life.
–
Remove the dust cap.
–
Check tire air pressure when tires are cold.
Tire air pressure off road
Front
1.0 bar (15 psi)
Rear
1.0 bar (15 psi)
Road tire pressure
400695-01
»
1.5 bar (22 psi)
Rear
2.0 bar (29 psi)
If the tire pressure does not meet specifications:
–
–
Front
Correct the tire air pressure.
Fit the dust cap.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
68
Checking spoke tension
9.70
Warning
Danger of accidents Instable handling due to incorrect spoke tension.
–
Ensure that the spoke tension is correct. (Your authorized KTM workshop will be glad to help.)
Info
A loose spoke can cause wheel imbalance, which leads to more loose spokes in a short time.
If the spokes are too tight, they can break due to local overload.
Check the spoke tension regularly, especially on a new motorcycle.
–
Tap each spoke with a screwdriver.
Info
The sound frequency depends on the length and thickness of the spoke.
If there are different sound frequencies in spokes with the same length and
thickness, this indicates different spoke tensions.
You should hear a high note.
»
400694-01
If the spoke tension varies:
–
–
Correct the spoke tension.
x
Check the spoke torque.
Guideline
Spoke nipple, front wheel
M4.5
5… 6 Nm (3.7…
4.4 lbf ft)
Spoke nipple, rear wheel
M5
5… 6 Nm (3.7…
4.4 lbf ft)
Torque wrench with various accessories in set (58429094000)
Removing the battery
9.71
x
Warning
Risk of injury Battery acid and battery gases cause serious cauterization.
–
Keep batteries out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
Avoid contact with battery acid and battery gases.
–
Keep the battery away from sparks or open fire. Charge only in well ventilated rooms.
–
In the event of skin contact, rinse with large amounts of water. If battery acid gets in the eyes, rinse with water for at least
15 minutes and contact a doctor.
500069-10
–
Switch off all power-consuming components and switch off the engine.
–
Remove the seat. (
–
Disconnect the negative (minus) cable  of the battery.
–
Pull back the plus pole cover  and disconnect the positive (plus) cable of the battery.
–
Hang the rubber band  out to the bottom.
–
Lift the battery up.
p. 71)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Installing the battery
9.72
69
x
–
Place the battery in the battery holder.
Battery (YTX5L-BS) (
p. 96)
–
Reconnect the rubber band .
–
Attach the plus cable and replace the plus pole cover .
–
Attach the minus cable .
–
Mount the seat. (
p. 71)
500069-11
Recharging the battery
9.73
x
Warning
Risk of injury Battery acid and battery gases cause serious cauterization.
–
Keep batteries out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
Avoid contact with battery acid and battery gases.
–
Keep the battery away from sparks or open fire. Charge only in well ventilated rooms.
–
In the event of skin contact, rinse with large amounts of water. If battery acid gets in the eyes, rinse with water for at least
15 minutes and contact a doctor.
Warning
Environmental hazard Battery parts and acid are harmful to the environment.
–
Do not discard batteries with the household trash. Dispose of a defective battery in an environmentally compatible manner.
Give the battery to your KTM dealer or to a recycling center that accepts used batteries.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Even if there is no load on the battery, it loses power every day.
The charge state and the type of charge are very important for the service life of the battery.
Fast recharging with a high charge current shortens the battery's service life.
If the charge current, the charge voltage and the charge time are exceeded, electrolyte escapes through the breathing holes.
The battery capacity is then reduced.
If the battery is discharged from starting, it must be recharged immediately.
If it stands for a long time in a discharged state, the battery becomes over-discharged and sulfated, and then it is destroyed.
The battery is maintenance-free, i.e., the acid level does not have to be checked.
–
Switch off all consumers and the engine.
–
Remove the seat. (
–
Disconnect the minus (negative) cable of the battery to avoid damage to the motorcycle's electronics.
–
Connect the battery charger to the battery. Switch on the battery charger.
p. 71)
Battery charger (58429074000)
You can also use the battery charger to test the open-circuit voltage and cranking
power of the battery, and to test the generator. With this device, you cannot overcharge the battery.
Info
Never remove the lid .
Charge the battery with at most 10% of the capacity specified on the battery .
400240-10
–
Switch off the charger after charging. Disconnect the battery.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
70
Guideline
The charge current, charge voltage and charge time must not be exceeded.
Charge the battery regularly when the
motorcycle is not in use
–
Mount the seat. (
–
Switch off all consumers and the engine.
–
Remove the air filter box lid. (
–
Remove protective cover .
3 months
p. 71)
Removing a fuse
9.74
p. 76)
Info
The fuse  is located in the starter relay  under the filter box cover.
–
Remove the fuse .
400270-10
Installing the fuse
9.75
Warning
Fire hazard The electrical system can be overloaded by the use of incorrect fuses.
–
Use only fuses with the prescribed amperage. Never by-pass or repair fuses.
–
Insert the fuse.
Fuse (58011109110)
Info
A reserve fuse  is located in the starter relay.
Replace a blown fuse  only by an equivalent fuse.
400273-10
–
Replace the protection cover.
–
Install the air filter box lid. (
–
On a light-colored wall behind a horizontal area, make a mark as high as the center
of the headlight.
–
Make a second mark at distance of  under the first mark.
p. 76)
Checking the headlight adjustment
9.76
A
0
Guideline
0
B
Distance 
–
5 cm (2 in)
Stand the motorcycle upright in front of the wall at distance . The driver, in full
protective clothing, should now sit on the motorcycle in a normal sitting position
(feet on the footrests).
Guideline
400726-10
Distance 
–
5 m (16 ft)
Switch on low beam. Check the headlight adjustment.
The border between light and dark must be exactly at the lower mark when the
motorcycle is operational and complete with rider.
»
If the boundary between light and dark does not meet specifications:
–
Adjust the beam width of the headlight. (
p. 71)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
71
Adjusting the beam width of the headlight
9.77
–
Check the headlight adjustment. (
–
Loosen screw .
–
Adjust the light range by swiveling the headlight.
p. 70)
Guideline
The boundary between light and dark must be exactly on the lower mark for a
motorcycle with a rider (mark is applied under: Checking the headlight adjustment).
Info
If you have a payload, you may have to correct the headlight beam width.
301251-10
–
Tighten screw .
–
Remove screw . Lift up the seat at the rear, pull it back and then remove from
above.
–
Hook in the front of the seat at the collar sleeve of the fuel tank, lower it at the rear
and simultaneously push it forward.
–
Make sure that the seat is correctly locked in.
–
Mount and tighten the screw of the seat fixing.
Removing the seat
9.78
500080-10
Mounting the seat
9.79
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
500068-01
Removing the fuel tank
9.80
x
Danger
Fire hazard Fuel is highly flammable.
–
Never refuel the vehicle near open flames or burning cigarettes, and always switch off the engine first. Be careful that no
fuel is spilt, especially on hot vehicle components. Clean up spilt fuel immediately.
–
Fuel in the fuel tank expands when warm and can escape if the tank is overfilled. See the notes on refueling.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Fuel is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between fuel and skin, eyes and clothing. Do not inhale fuel vapors. If fuel gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If fuel is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothing that has come into contact with fuel. Store fuel in a suitable canister according
to regulations and keep it out of the reach of children.
–
Remove the seat. (
p. 71)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the OFF position. (Figure 500137-10
–
Pull off the fuel hose.
72
p. 22)
Info
Remaining fuel may flow out of the fuel hose.
–
Remove screws  with the collar sleeve.
–
Hang the horn and horn bracket to one side.
–
Remove screw  with the collar sleeve.
–
Remove the tube from the fuel tank vent line.
–
Pull both spoilers to the side of the radiator bracket  and take the fuel tank away
upward.
500157-10
800019-10
500067-10
Installing the fuel tank
9.81
x
Danger
Fire hazard Fuel is highly flammable.
–
Never refuel the vehicle near open flames or burning cigarettes, and always switch off the engine first. Be careful that no
fuel is spilt, especially on hot vehicle components. Clean up spilt fuel immediately.
–
Fuel in the fuel tank expands when warm and can escape if the tank is overfilled. See the notes on refueling.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Fuel is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact of the fuel with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not inhale fuel vapors. If fuel gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If fuel is swallowed,
contact a doctor immediately. Change clothing that has come into contact with fuel.
500067-01
–
Position the fuel tank and fit the two spoilers to the sides of the radiator bracket.
–
Make sure that no cables are trapped or damaged.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
73
–
Mount the fuel tank vent hose.
–
Mount and tighten screw  with the collar sleeve.
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
–
Position the horn with the horn bracket.
–
Mount and tighten screws  with the collar sleeve.
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
800019-11
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
–
Connect the fuel hose.
–
Mount the seat. (
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
p. 71)
500157-11
Cooling system
9.82
The water pump  in the engine forces the coolant to flow.
The pressure resulting from the warming of the cooling system is regulated by a valve
in the radiator cap . This ensures that operating the vehicle at the specified coolant
temperature will not result in a risk of malfunctions.
120 °C (248 °F)
Cooling is effected by the air stream.
The lower the speed, the less the cooling effect. Dirty cooling fins also reduce the cooling effect.
400335-10
Checking the anti-freeze and coolant level
9.83
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets very hot and is under pressure.
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling system components when the engine is hot. Allow the
engine and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Coolant is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between coolant and skin, eyes and clothing. If it gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If coolant is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothes that have come into contact with coolants. Keep coolant out of the reach of children.
Condition
Engine is cold.
–
Stand the motorcycle upright on a horizontal surface.
–
Remove radiator cap.
–
Check the anti-freeze of the coolant.
−25… −45 °C (−13… −49 °F)
»
If the anti-freeze of the coolant does not meet specifications:
–
–
Correct the anti-freeze of the coolant.
Check the coolant level in the radiator.
400243-10
Coolant level  above radiator fins.
»
10 mm (0.39 in)
If the level of the coolant does not meet specifications:
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
74
Correct the coolant level.
Alternative 1
Coolant (
p. 105)
Alternative 2
Coolant (mixed ready to use) (
–
p. 105)
Refit the radiator cap.
Checking the coolant level
9.84
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets very hot and is under pressure.
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling system components when the engine is hot. Allow the
engine and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Coolant is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between coolant and skin, eyes and clothing. If it gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If coolant is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothes that have come into contact with coolants. Keep coolant out of the reach of children.
Condition
The engine is cold.
–
Stand the motorcycle upright on a horizontal surface.
–
Remove radiator cap.
–
Check the coolant level in the radiator.
Coolant level  above the radiator fins.
»
10 mm (0.39 in)
If the coolant level does not meet specifications:
–
Correct the coolant level.
Alternative 1
Coolant (
400243-10
p. 105)
Alternative 2
Coolant (mixed ready to use) (
–
Draining coolant
9.85
p. 105)
Mount the radiator cap.
x
Warning
Danger of scalding During motorcycle operation, the coolant gets very hot and is under pressure.
–
Do not remove the radiator cap, radiator hoses or other cooling system components when the engine is hot. Allow the
engine and cooling system to cool down. In case of scalding, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Coolant is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between coolant and skin, eyes and clothing. If it gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If coolant is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothes that have come into contact with coolants. Keep coolant out of the reach of children.
Condition
Engine is cold.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
75
–
Stand the motorcycle upright.
–
Place a suitable container under the water pump cover.
–
Remove screw . Remove the radiator cap .
–
Completely drain the coolant.
–
Fit screw  with a new seal and tighten it.
Guideline
Screw, water pump cover
M6x25
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
400335-11
Refilling coolant
9.86
x
Warning
Danger of poisoning Coolant is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between coolant and skin, eyes and clothing. If it gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If coolant is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothes that have come into contact with coolants. Keep coolant out of the reach of children.
–
Make sure that the screw  is tightened.
–
Stand the vehicle upright.
–
Pour coolant in up to measurement  above the radiator fins.
Guideline
10 mm (0.39 in)
Coolant
0.95 l (1 qt.)
Coolant (
400244-10
–
Refit the radiator cap.
–
Make a short test ride.
–
Check the coolant level. (
p. 74)
Glass fiber yarn filling of main silencer
9.87
The main silencer is filled with glass fiber yarn.
Over a period, the fibers of the insulating material vanish into the air, and the silencer "burns out".
Not only is the noise level higher, the performance characteristic changes.
Removing main silencer
9.88
Warning
Danger of burns The exhaust system gets very hot when the vehicle is driven.
–
Allow the exhaust system to cool down. Do not touch hot components.
800020-10
p. 105)
Coolant (mixed ready to use)
( p. 105)
–
Disconnect spring .
–
Remove screws  and take off main silencer.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
76
Installing the main silencer
9.89
–
Mount the main silencer. Mount and tighten screws .
Guideline
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Reconnect spring .
–
Pull off the air filter box lid in area  to the side and remove to the front.
–
Insert the air filter box lid into the rear area  and clip it into the front area .
800020-11
Removing the air filter box lid
9.90
800021-10
Installing the air filter box lid
9.91
800021-11
Removing the air filter
9.92
x
Note
Engine failure Unfiltered intake air has a negative effect on the service life of the engine.
–
Never ride the vehicle without an air filter since dust and dirt can get into the engine and result in increased wear.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
500107-10
–
Remove the air filter box lid. (
–
Detach air filter holder  at the bottom and swing it to one side. Remove the air
filter with the air filter support.
–
Remove the air filter from the air filter support.
p. 76)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Installing the air filter
9.93
77
x
–
Mount the clean air filter onto the air filter support.
–
Apply grease to the section  of the air filter.
Long-life grease (
p. 107)
301262-10
–
Put in both parts together, position them and fix them with air filter holder .
Info
If the air filter is not correctly mounted, dust and dirt can penetrate into the
engine and can cause damage.
–
Install the air filter box lid. (
p. 76)
500107-10
Cleaning air filter
9.94
x
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Do not clean the air filter with fuel or gasoline since these substances attack the foam.
–
Remove the air filter.
–
Wash the air filter thoroughly in special cleaning liquid and allow it to dry properly.
Air filter cleaner (
x(
p. 76)
p. 107)
Info
Only squeeze the air filter when drying it out, never wring it out.
–
Oil the dry air filter with a high/quality filter oil.
Oil for foam air filter (
p. 107)
–
Clean the air filter box.
–
Check carburetor connection boot for damage and tightness.
–
Install the air filter.
x(
p. 77)
Adjusting basic position of clutch lever
9.95
–
Adjust the basic setting of the clutch lever to your hand size by turning adjusting
screw .
Info
500133-11
Turn the adjusting screw clockwise to increase the distance between the
clutch lever and the handlebar.
Turn the adjusting screw counterclockwise to decrease the distance between
the clutch lever and the handlebar.
The range of adjustment is limited.
Turn the adjusting screw by hand only, and do not apply any force.
Do not make any adjustments while riding!
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
78
Checking the fluid level of hydraulic clutch
9.96
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
Info
The fluid level rises with increasing wear of the clutch lining disc.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid is corrosive!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
–
Move the clutch fluid reservoir mounted on the handlebar to a horizontal position.
–
Remove screws .
–
Remove cover  with membrane .
–
Check the fluid level.
Fluid level under top level of container
»
If the level of the fluid does not meet specifications:
–
400339-10
Correct the fluid level of the hydraulic clutch.
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
–
4 mm (0.16 in)
p. 105)
Position the cover with the membrane. Mount and tighten the screws.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt fluid immediately with water.
Changing the hydraulic clutch fluid
9.97
x
Warning
Skin irritation Brake fluid can cause skin irritation on contact.
–
Avoid contact with skin and eyes, and keep out of the reach of children.
–
Wear suitable protective clothing and goggles.
–
If brake fluid gets into your eyes, rinse thoroughly with water and contact a doctor immediately.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
The fluid level rises with increasing wear of the clutch lining disc.
Avoid contact between brake fluid and painted parts. Brake fluid is corrosive!
Use only clean brake fluid from a sealed container!
400339-10
–
Move the clutch fluid reservoir mounted on the handlebar to a horizontal position.
–
Remove screws .
–
Remove cover  with membrane .
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
79
Fill bleeding syringe  with the appropriate hydraulic fluid.
Bleed syringe (50329050000)
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1 (
p. 105)
–
On the slave cylinder, remove bleeder screw  and mount bleeding syringe .
–
Inject the liquid into the system until it escapes from bore hole  of the master
cylinder without bubbles.
–
To prevent overflow, drain fluid occasionally from the master cylinder reservoir.
–
Remove the bleeding syringe. Mount and tighten screws bleeder screw.
–
Correct the fluid level of the hydraulic clutch.
500158-10
Guideline
Fluid level under top level of container
400340-10
–
4 mm (0.16 in)
Position the cover with the membrane. Mount and tighten the screws.
Info
Clean up overflowed or spilt fluid immediately with water.
Checking the basic position of the shift lever
9.98
–
Sit on the vehicle (facing the direction of travel) and measure the gap between the
top of the boot and shift lever .
Gap between the shift lever and the top
of the boot
»
10… 20 mm (0.39… 0.79 in)
If the distance does not meet the specifications:
A
0
–
Adjust the basic position of the shift lever.
x(
p. 79)
400692-10
Adjusting the basic position of the shift lever
9.99
x
–
Remove screw  and take off shift lever .
–
Clean gear teeth  of the shift lever and shift shaft.
–
Mount the shift lever on the shift shaft in the required position and engage the
gearing.
100805-10
Info
The range of adjustment is limited.
The shift lever must not come into contact with any other vehicle components during the shift procedure.
100806-10
–
Mount and tighten screw.
Guideline
Screw, shift lever
M6
14 Nm
(10.3 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
80
Carburetor - idle
9.100
The idle setting of the carburetor has a big influence on the starting behavior, stable
idling and the response to throttle opening. That means that an engine with a correctly
set idle speed is easier to start than if the idle is set wrongly.
Info
The carburetor and its components are subject to increased wear caused by
engine vibration. Wear can result in malfunctioning.
400341-10
Carburetor - adjusting idle
9.101
The idle speed is adjusted with the adjustment screw .
The idle mixture is adjusted with the idle mixture adjustment screw .
x
–
Screw in the idle adjusting screw  until it stops and then to the prescribed basic
setting.
Guideline
Idle mixture adjusting screw (450 EXC USA)
Open
1.75 turns
Idle mixture adjusting screw (530 EXC USA)
Open
2.0 turns
Adjustment tool for mixture control screw (77329034000)
400341-10
–
Run the engine until warm.
Guideline
Warm-up time
≥ 5 min
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
–
–
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
Adjust the idle speed with adjusting screw .
Guideline
Choke function deactivated – The choke lever is pushed in to the stop. (
Idle speed
p. 23)
1,550… 1,650 rpm
–
Turn the idle adjusting screw  slowly until the idle speed begins to fall.
–
Note the position and turn the idle adjusting screw slowly counterclockwise until
the idle speed falls.
–
Adjust to the point between these two positions with the highest idle speed.
Info
If there is a big engine speed rise, reduce the idle speed to a normal level
and repeat the above steps.
The extreme sport motorcyclist will set the mixture about ¼ of a turn back
from this ideal value (leaner, in a clockwise direction) since the engine
becomes hotter in sporting use.
If the procedure described here does not lead to satisfactory results, the
cause may be a wrongly dimensioned idling jet.
If you can turn the idle adjusting screw to the end without any change of
engine speed, you have to mount a smaller idling jet.
The idle adjusting screw must not be opened more than two turns. If more
than two turns are necessary (rich mixture), use a larger idling jet.
After changing the idling jet, start from the beginning with the adjusting
steps.
–
Adjust the idle speed with adjusting screw .
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
81
Guideline
Choke function deactivated – The choke lever is pushed in to the stop. (
Idle speed
p. 23)
1,550… 1,650 rpm
Info
Following extreme air temperature or altitude changes, adjust the idle speed
again.
Emptying the carburetor float chamber
9.102
x
Danger
Fire hazard Fuel is highly flammable.
–
Never refuel the vehicle near open flames or burning cigarettes, and always switch off the engine first. Be careful that no
fuel is spilt, especially on hot vehicle components. Clean up spilt fuel immediately.
–
Fuel in the fuel tank expands when warm and can escape if the tank is overfilled. See the notes on refueling.
Warning
Danger of poisoning Fuel is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between fuel and skin, eyes and clothing. Do not inhale fuel vapors. If fuel gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If fuel is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothing that has come into contact with fuel. Store fuel in a suitable canister according
to regulations and keep it out of the reach of children.
Warning
Environmental hazard Improper handling of fuel is a danger to the environment.
–
Do not allow fuel to get into the ground water, the ground, or the sewage system.
Info
Carry out this work with a cold engine.
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the OFF position. (Figure 500137-10
p. 22)
No more fuel flows from the tank to the carburetor.
–
Direct the hose of the float chamber into a suitable container.
Info
Water in the float chamber results in malfunctioning.
–
Undo the screw  (turn it counterclockwise) a few turns and drain the fuel from
the float chamber.
–
Tighten screw .
500256-10
Checking engine oil level
9.103
Info
The engine oil level must be checked when the engine is cold.
–
Stand the motorcycle upright on a horizontal surface.
Condition
Engine is cold.
–
Check the engine oil level.
The engine oil must be between the halfway mark and the top of the oil level
viewer .
»
If the engine oil level is below the specified level:
–
200119-10
Top up the engine oil. (
p. 84)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
82
Changing engine oil and oil filter, cleaning engine oil screen
9.104
–
–
–
–
x
Drain the engine oil and clean the engine oil screen. x (
Remove the oil filter. x ( p. 82)
Install the oil filter. x ( p. 83)
Fill up with engine oil. x ( p. 83)
p. 82)
301489-10
Draining engine oil, cleaning engine oil screen
9.105
x
Warning
Danger of scalding Engine oil and gear oil get very hot when the motorcycle is ridden.
–
Wear appropriate protective clothing and safety gloves. In case of burns, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Drain the engine oil only when the engine is warm.
–
Stand the motorcycle on its side stand on a horizontal surface.
–
Place a suitable container under the engine.
–
Remove engine oil plug screen .
–
Completely drain the engine oil.
–
Thoroughly clean the plug and engine oil screen.
–
Clean the sealing surface on the engine.
–
Mount and tighten the engine oil screen drain plug .
Guideline
Plug, engine oil screen
200112-10
Removing the oil filter
9.106
M17x1.5
20 Nm
(14.8 lbf ft)
x
Warning
Danger of scalding Engine oil and gear oil get very hot when the motorcycle is ridden.
–
Wear appropriate protective clothing and safety gloves. In case of burns, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
200113-10
–
Place a suitable container under the engine.
–
Remove screws . Remove oil filter cover  with the O-ring.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
–
83
Pull the oil filter insert  out of the oil filter casing.
Circlip pliers reverse (51012011000)
–
Completely drain the engine oil.
–
Thoroughly clean parts and sealing surface.
–
Lay the motorcycle on its side and fill the oil filter housing to about ⅓ full with
engine oil.
–
Fill the oil filter  with engine oil and place it in the oil filter container.
–
Lubricate the O/ring  of the oil filter cover.
–
Refit the oil filter cover .
–
Mount and tighten screws .
200114-10
Installing the oil filter
9.107
x
200114-11
Guideline
Screw, oil filter cover
–
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Stand the motorcycle upright.
200113-11
Filling up with engine oil
9.108
x
Info
Too little engine oil or poor-quality engine oil results in premature wear to the engine.
–
Remove the screw cap  on the generator cover and fill up with engine oil.
Engine oil (1st
partial quantity
approx.)
–
0.35 l (0.37 qt.)
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
p. 105)
Mount and tighten the screw connection on the generator cover.
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
200115-10
–
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
–
Start the engine and let it run idle for 30 seconds.
–
Stop the engine and check that it is oil-tight.
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
84
–
Stand the motorcycle upright on a horizontal surface.
–
Remove the screw connection on the generator cover.
–
Fill in engine oil to the upper half of level viewer .
Engine oil (total
filling capacity
approx.)
–
0.60 l (0.63 qt.)
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
p. 105)
Mount and tighten the screw connection on the generator cover.
301454-10
Topping up engine oil
9.109
Info
Too little engine oil or poor-quality engine oil results in premature wear to the engine.
–
Remove the screw cap  on the generator cover and fill up with engine oil.
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
–
p. 105)
Mount and tighten screw cap .
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
–
200115-10
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
–
Start the engine and check that it is oil-tight.
–
Check the engine oil level. (
p. 81)
Checking the gear oil level
9.110
Info
The gear oil level should only be checked when the engine is cold.
–
Stand the motorcycle upright on a horizontal surface.
Condition
Engine is cold.
–
Remove gear oil level check screw . Stand the motorcycle upright.
–
Check the gear oil level.
A small amount of gear oil should flow out.
»
If no gear oil flows out:
–
–
200116-10
Add gear oil.
x(
p. 86)
Mount and tighten the gear oil level check screw.
Guideline
Screw, gear oil level check
Changing gear oil, cleaning gear oil screen
9.111
301490-10
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
x
–
Drain the gear oil and clean the gear oil screen.
–
Fill up with gear oil.
x(
p. 85)
x(
p. 85)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Draining gear oil, cleaning gear oil screen
9.112
85
x
Warning
Danger of scalding Engine oil and gear oil get very hot when the motorcycle is ridden.
–
Wear appropriate protective clothing and safety gloves. In case of burns, rinse immediately with lukewarm water.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
Drain the gear oil only when the engine is warm.
–
Stand the motorcycle on its side stand on a horizontal surface.
–
Place a suitable container under the engine.
–
Remove the gear oil drain plug .
–
Remove the gear oil screen plug .
–
Completely drain the gear oil.
–
Thoroughly clean the gear oil drain plug with a magnet.
–
Thoroughly clean the drain plug and gear oil screen with a magnet.
–
Clean the sealing surface on the engine.
–
Refit gear oil drain plug  with seal ring and tighten it.
Guideline
Gear oil drain plug with magnet
–
M12x1.5
20 Nm
(14.8 lbf ft)
Mount and tighten the gear oil screen drain plug .
Guideline
Plug, gear oil screen
M16x1.5
20 Nm
(14.8 lbf ft)
500159-10
Filling up with gear oil
9.113
x
Info
Too little gear oil or poor-quality oil results in premature wear to the transmission.
–
Remove the screw cap  and fill up with gear oil.
Gear oil
–
0.90 l (0.95 qt.)
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
p. 105)
Mount and tighten screw cap .
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
–
200118-10
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
–
Start the engine and check that it is oil-tight.
–
Check the gear oil level. (
p. 84)
MAINTENANCE WORK ON CHASSIS AND ENGINE
Adding gear oil
9.114
86
x
Info
Too little gear oil or poor-quality oil results in premature wear to the transmission.
–
Remove gear oil level check screw .
–
Remove screw cap . Stand the vehicle upright.
–
Top up with gear oil until it flows out of the bore of the gear oil level screw.
200116-10
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
–
p. 105)
Mount and tighten the gear oil level check screw.
Guideline
Screw, gear oil level check
–
200118-11
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
Mount and tighten screw cap .
Danger
Danger of poisoning Exhaust gases are poisonous and inhaling them may
result in unconsciousness and/or death.
–
–
When running the engine, always make sure there is sufficient ventilation, and do not start or run the engine in an enclosed space without an
effective exhaust extraction system.
Start the engine and check that it is oil-tight.
TROUBLESHOOTING
87
Faults
Possible cause
Action
The engine cannot be cranked (electric starter).
Operating error
–
Go through the steps of starting the engine.
( p. 31)
Battery discharged
–
Recharge the battery.
–
Check the charging voltage.
–
x ( p. 69)
x
Check the stall current. x
Check the generator. x
–
Remove the fuse. (
–
Fuse blown
Engine turns but does not start
Engine has no idle
–
Install the fuse. (
Starter relay defective
–
Check the starter relay.
Starter motor defective
–
Operating error
–
Go through the steps of starting the engine.
( p. 31)
Motorcycle was out of use for a long
time and there is old fuel in the float
chamber
–
Empty the carburetor float chamber.
( p. 81)
Fuel supply interrupted
–
Check the fuel tank breather.
–
Clean the fuel tap.
–
Check/adjust the carburetor components.
Engine flooded
–
Clean and dry the spark plug or replace if necessary.
Spark plug oily or wet
–
Clean and dry the spark plug or replace if necessary.
Electrode distance (plug gap) of spark
plug too wide
–
Adjust the plug gap.
Defect in ignition system
–
Check the ignition system.
Short-circuit cable in wiring harness
frayed, short-circuit button or emergency OFF switch defective
–
Check the wiring harness. (visual check)
–
Check the electrical system.
Plug connector of CDI control device,
pulse generator or ignition coil oxidized.
–
Clean the plug connector and treat it with contact spray.
Water in carburetor or jets blocked
–
Check/adjust the carburetor components.
Idling jet blocked
–
Check/adjust the carburetor components.
Adjusting screws on carburetor distorted
–
Carburetor - adjust the idle speed.
( p. 80)
Spark plug defective
–
Change spark plug.
Ignition system defective
–
Check the ignition coil.
–
Check the CDI controller.
–
Check the spark plug connector.
x
Check the starter motor. x
x
x
x
x
x
x
–
Carburetor running over because float
needle dirty or worn
–
Check/adjust the carburetor components.
Loose carburetor jets
–
Ignition system defective
–
–
x
Check/adjust the carburetor components. x
Check the ignition coil. x
Check the CDI controller. x
Check the spark plug connector. x
Check the ignition pulse generator. x
Check the generator. x
–
Check the fuel tank breather.
–
Clean the fuel tap.
–
Check/adjust the carburetor components.
–
–
Fuel supply interrupted
x
x
x
Check the ignition pulse generator. x
Check the generator. x
–
Engine has a lack of power
p. 70)
Guideline
Spark plug electrode gap
0.9 mm (0.035 in)
–
Engine does not speed up
p. 70)
x
TROUBLESHOOTING
88
Faults
Possible cause
Action
Engine has a lack of power
Air filter heavily contaminated
–
Clean the air filter.
Exhaust system leaky, deformed or
too little glass fiber yarn filling in
main silencer
–
Check exhaust system for damage.
–
Change glass fiber yarn filling of main
silencer.
Valve clearance too little
–
Ignition system defective
–
Engine overheats
Adjust the valve clearance.
–
x
Check the ignition coil. x
Check the CDI controller. x
–
Check the spark plug connector.
–
Lack of fuel
p. 77)
x
–
Engine stalls or pops back into the
carburetor
x(
x
Check the ignition pulse generator. x
Check the generator. x
–
Turn handle  of the fuel tap to the ON position. (Figure 500137-10 p. 22)
–
Refuel. (
The intake system has an air leak
–
Check rubber sleeves and carburetor for tightness.
Coolant level low in cooling system
–
Check the cooling system for leaks.
–
Check the coolant level. (
Insufficient airflow
–
Switch off engine when stationary.
Radiator fins very dirty
–
Clean radiator fins.
Foam formation in cooling system
–
Drain the coolant.
p. 33)
–
x(
Refill the coolant. x (
Bent radiator hose
–
Change the radiator hose.
Thermostat defective
–
Check the thermostat.
p. 74)
p. 74)
x
p. 75)
x
Guideline
Opening temperature: 70 °C (158 °F)
High oil consumption
Engine vent hose bent
–
Route the vent hose without bends or replace it
if necessary.
Engine oil level too high
–
Check the engine oil level. (
Engine oil too thin (low viscosity)
–
Change the engine oil and oil filter and clean
the engine oil screen.
( p. 82)
p. 81)
x
Piston and/or cylinder worn
–
Piston/cylinder - determine the mounting clearance
The battery does not charge
–
Check the charging voltage.
x
Battery discharged
Undesired power consumer
–
x
Check the charging current. x
Check the generator. x
Check the stall current. x
The battery in the speedometer is
empty.
–
Change the battery in the speedometer.
–
–
Speedometer values deleted (time,
stop watch, lap times)
CLEANING
89
Cleaning the motorcycle
11.1
Note
Material damage Damage and destruction of components by high-pressure cleaning equipment.
–
Never clean the vehicle with high-pressure cleaning equipment or a strong water-jet. The excessive pressure can penetrate electrical components, socket connects, throttle cables, and bearings, etc., and can damage or destroy these parts.
Warning
Environmental hazard Hazardous substances cause environmental damage.
–
Oil, grease, filters, fuel, cleaners, brake fluid, etc., should be disposed of as stipulated in applicable regulations.
Info
If you clean the motorcycle regularly, its value and appearance are maintained over a long period.
Avoid direct sunshine on the motorcycle during cleaning.
–
Seal the exhaust system to keep water out.
–
First remove coarse dirt particles with a gentle water spray.
–
Spray very dirty areas with a normal motorcycle cleaner and then clean with a paintbrush.
Motorcycle cleaner (
p. 107)
Info
Use warm water containing normal motorcycle cleaner and a soft sponge.
–
After rinsing the motorcycle with a gentle water spray, allow it to dry thoroughly.
–
Empty the carburetor float chamber.
x(
p. 81)
Warning
Danger of accidents Reduced braking efficiency due to wet or dirty brakes.
–
–
Clean or dry dirty or wet brakes by riding and braking gently.
After cleaning, ride a short distance until the engine reaches operating termperature.
Info
The heat generated, causes water to evaporate from the engine and brakes, even in inaccessible areas.
–
Push back the protection covers of the handlebar grips to allow any water that has penetrated to evaporate.
–
After the motorcycle has cooled off, oil or grease all moving parts and bearings.
–
Clean the chain. (
–
Treat bare metal parts (except for brake discs and exhaust system) with anti-corrosion materials.
p. 52)
Cleaning and preserving materials for metal, rubber and plastic (
–
p. 107)
Treat all plastic parts and powder-coated parts with a mild cleaning and care product.
Paint cleaner and polish for high-gloss and matte finishes, bare metal and plastic surfaces (
–
To prevent electrical problems, treat electric contacts and switches with contact spray.
Contact spray (
–
p. 107)
Lubricate the steering lock.
Universal oil spray (
p. 108)
p. 108)
STORAGE
90
Storage
12.1
Warning
Danger of poisoning Fuel is poisonous and a health hazard.
–
Avoid contact between fuel and skin, eyes and clothing. Do not inhale fuel vapors. If fuel gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water and contact a doctor. Wash affected skin areas immediately with soap and water. If fuel is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. Change clothing that has come into contact with fuel. Store fuel in a suitable canister according
to regulations and keep it out of the reach of children.
Info
If you want to garage the motorcycle for a longer period, take the following actions.
Before storing the motorcycle, check all parts for function and wear. If service, repairs or replacements are necessary, you
should do this during the storage period (less workshop overload). In this way, you can avoid long workshop waiting times at the
start of the new season.
–
Clean the motorcycle. (
–
Change the engine oil and oil filter and clean the engine oil screen.
–
Change the gear oil and clean the gear oil screen.
–
Check the anti-freeze and coolant level. (
–
Drain the fuel from the tanks into a suitable container.
–
Empty the carburetor float chamber.
–
Check the tire air pressure. (
–
Remove the battery.
–
p. 89)
x(
Recharge the battery. x (
x(
x(
x(
p. 82)
p. 84)
p. 73)
p. 81)
p. 67)
p. 68)
p. 69)
Guideline
Storage temperature of battery (not placed in direct sunshine)
–
0… 35 °C (32… 95 °F)
Place the vehicle on a dry storage place that is not subject to large temperature variations.
Info
KTM recommends jacking up the motorcycle.
–
Jack up the motorcycle. (
–
Cover the vehicle with an air-permeable cover or blanket.
p. 38)
Info
Do not use non-porous materials since they prevent humidity from escaping, thus causing corrosion.
Avoid running the engine for a short time only. Since the engine cannot warm up properly, the water vapor produced during
combustion condenses and causes parts of the engine and exhaust system to rust.
Putting into operation after storage
12.2
–
Remove the motorcycle from the work stand. (
–
Install the battery.
–
Refuel. (
–
Check before putting into operation. (
–
Take a test ride.
x(
p. 69)
p. 33)
p. 31)
p. 38)
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE
91
Design
1-cylinder 4-stroke engine, water-cooled
Displacement (450 EXC USA)
449.3 cm³ (27.418 cu in)
Displacement (530 EXC USA)
510.4 cm³ (31.147 cu in)
Stroke (450 EXC USA)
63.4 mm (2.496 in)
Stroke (530 EXC USA)
72 mm (2.83 in)
Bore
95 mm (3.74 in)
Compression ratio
11.9:1
Idle speed
1,550… 1,650 rpm
Control
OHC, 4 valves controlled via rocker arm, drive via tooth/wheel
chain
Valve diameter, intake
39.5 mm (1.555 in)
Valve diameter, exhaust
31.7 mm (1.248 in)
Valve clearance
Exhaust at: 20 °C (68 °F)
0.12… 0.17 mm (0.0047… 0.0067 in)
Intake at: 20 °C (68 °F)
0.10… 0.15 mm (0.0039… 0.0059 in)
Crankshaft bearing
2 grooved ball bearings
Conrod bearing
Needle bearing
Piston pin bearing
No bearing bushes - DLC-plated piston pins
Pistons
Forged light alloy
Piston rings
1 compression ring, 1 oil scraper ring
Engine lubrication
Pressure circulation lubrication with 2 rotor pumps (engine) / 1
rotor pump (transmission)
Primary transmission
33:76
Clutch
Multidisc clutch in oil bath / hydraulically activated
Transmission ratio
1st gear
14:36
2nd gear
17:32
3rd gear
19:28
4th gear
22:26
5th gear
24:23
6th gear
26:21
Generator
12 V, 150 W
Ignition
Contactless controlled fully electronic ignition with digital ignition adjustment, type Kokusan
Spark plug
NGK LKAR 8AI - 9
Spark plug electrode gap
0.9 mm (0.035 in)
Cooling
Water, permanent circulation of coolant by water pump
Starter
Electric starter/kick starter
Capacity - engine oil
13.1
Engine oil
0.60 l (0.63 qt.)
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
p. 105)
0.90 l (0.95 qt.)
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50) (
p. 105)
Capacity - gear oil
13.2
Gear oil
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE
92
Capacity - coolant
13.3
Coolant
0.95 l (1 qt.)
Coolant (
p. 105)
Coolant (mixed ready to use) (
p. 105)
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES
93
Screw, cable holder in generator cover
M4
4 Nm (3 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Locking screw for bearing
M5
6 Nm (4.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Oil jet, piston cooling
M5
2 Nm (1.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Oil jet, rocker arm lubrication
M5
2 Nm (1.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, ignition pulse generator
M5
6 Nm (4.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, locking lever
M5
6 Nm (4.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, oil pump cover
M5
6 Nm (4.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 222
Bleeding connection, transmission
M6
4 Nm (3 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Nut, water pump impeller
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Plug, vacuum connection
M6
5 Nm (3.7 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw generator cover
M6x25
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw generator cover
M6x40
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, camshaft bearing support
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, clutch cover
M6x25
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, clutch cover
M6x30
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, clutch spring
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, cylinder head
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, engine housing
M6x60
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, engine housing
M6x75
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, exhaust flange
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, gear oil level check
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
–
Screw, idler
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, kickstarter spring hanger
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, kickstarter stop
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, oil filter cover
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, shift drum locating
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, shift lever
M6
14 Nm (10.3 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, starter motor
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, stator bracket
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, timing chain guide rail
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, timing chain securing guide
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, timing chain tensioning rail
M6
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, torque governor
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, valve cover
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, water pump cover
M6x25
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, water pump cover
M6x55
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Oil jet, conrod lubrication
M6x0.75
4 Nm (3 lbf ft)
–
Plug, oil channel
M7
9 Nm (6.6 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, rocker arm bearing
M7x1
15 Nm (11.1 lbf ft)
–
Plug, crankshaft location
M8
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, kickstarter
M8
25 Nm (18.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Plug, oil drilling
M10
15 Nm (11.1 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, engine sprocket
M10
60 Nm (44.3 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Balancer shaft nut
M10x1
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
–
Screw, unlocking of timing chain tensioner
M10x1
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES
94
Screw, cylinder head
M10x1.25
Tightening sequence:
Tighten diagonally, beginning with the rear screw on
the chain shaft.
Step 1
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
Step 2
30 Nm (22.1 lbf ft)
Step 3
50 Nm (36.9 lbf ft)
lubricated with engine oil
Nut, rotor
M12x1
60 Nm (44.3 lbf ft)
–
Spark plug
M12x1.25
15… 20 Nm (11.1…
14.8 lbf ft)
–
Gear oil drain plug with magnet
M12x1.5
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Oil pressure control valve plug
M12x1.5
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Plug, SLS
M12x1.5
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Plug, rocker arm
M14x1.25
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Plug, gear oil screen
M16x1.5
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Plug, engine oil screen
M17x1.5
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Nut, inner clutch hub
M18x1.5
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
–
Nut, primary gear
M20LHx1.5
100 Nm (73.8 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Plug, timing chain tensioner
M24x1.5
30 Nm (22.1 lbf ft)
–
TECHNICAL DATA - CARBURETOR
95
450 EXC USA
15.1
Carburetor type
KEIHIN FCR-MX 39
Carburetor identification number
3900Z
Needle position
4th position from top
Idle mixture adjusting screw
Open
1.75 turns
Pump membrane stop
2.15 mm (0.0846 in)
Main jet
180
Jet needle
OBDYU
Idling jet
48
Idle air jet
100
Cold start jet
85
Leakage nozzle
40
530 EXC USA
15.2
Carburetor type
KEIHIN FCR-MX 39
Carburetor identification number
3900Y
Needle position
3rd position from top
Idle mixture adjusting screw
Open
2.0 turns
Pump membrane stop
2.15 mm (0.0846 in)
Main jet
180
Jet needle
OBDZT
Idling jet
48
Idle air jet
100
Cold start jet
85
Leakage nozzle
40
TECHNICAL DATA - CHASSIS
96
Frame
Central tube frame made of chrome molybdenum steel tubing
Fork
WP Suspension Up Side Down 4860 MXMA PA
Suspension travel
Front
300 mm (11.81 in)
Rear
335 mm (13.19 in)
Fork offset
19 mm (0.75 in)
Shock absorber
WP Suspension PDS 5018 DCC
Brake system
Disc brakes, brake calipers on floating bearings
Brake discs - diameter
Front
260 mm (10.24 in)
Rear
220 mm (8.66 in)
Brake discs - wear limit
Front
2.5 mm (0.098 in)
Rear
3.5 mm (0.138 in)
Tire air pressure off road
Front
1.0 bar (15 psi)
Rear
1.0 bar (15 psi)
Road tire pressure
Front
1.5 bar (22 psi)
Rear
2.0 bar (29 psi)
Final drive
15:45
Chain
5/8 x 1/4"
Rear sprockets available
38, 40, 42, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52
Steering head angle
63.5°
Wheelbase
1,475±10 mm (58.07±0.39 in)
Seat height unloaded
985 mm (38.78 in)
Ground clearance unloaded
380 mm (14.96 in)
Weight without fuel, approx.
114.8 kg (253.1 lb.)
Maximum permissible front axle load
145 kg (320 lb.)
Maximum permissible rear axle load
190 kg (419 lb.)
Maximum permissible overall weight
335 kg (739 lb.)
Battery
YTX5L-BS
Battery voltage: 12 V
Nominal capacity: 4 Ah
Maintenance-free
Headlight
S2/socket BA20d
12 V
35/35 W
Parking light
W5W/socket W2.1x9.5d
12 V
5W
Indicator lights
W2.3W / socket W2x4.6d
12 V
2.3 W
Turn signal
RY10W/socket BAU15s
12 V
10 W
Brake/tail light
P21/5W/socket BAY15d
12 V
21/5 W
Lighting equipment
16.1
TECHNICAL DATA - CHASSIS
97
Tires
16.2
Front tire
Rear tire
90/90 - 21 M/C 54M M+S TT
Metzeler MCE 6 DAYS EXTREME
140/80 - 18 M/C 70M M+S TT
Metzeler MCE 6 DAYS EXTREME
Additional information is available in the Service section under:
http://www.ktm.com
Capacity - fuel
16.3
Total fuel tank capacity,
approx.
Fuel reserve, approx.
9.2 l (2.43 US gal)
Super unleaded (ROZ 95 / RON 95 / PON 91) (
2 l (2 qt.)
p. 106)
TECHNICAL DATA - FORK
98
Fork part number
14.18.7J.06
Fork
WP Suspension Up Side Down 4860 MXMA PA
Compression damping
Comfort
26 clicks
Standard
22 clicks
Sport
18 clicks
Rebound damping
Comfort
24 clicks
Standard
20 clicks
Sport
20 clicks
Spring length with preload spacer(s)
510 mm (20.08 in)
Spring rate
Weight of rider: 65… 75 kg (143… 165 lb.)
4.4 N/mm (25.1 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 75… 85 kg (165… 187 lb.)
4.6 N/mm (26.3 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 85… 95 kg (187… 209 lb.)
4.8 N/mm (27.4 lb/in)
+0.79
110+20
−30 mm (4.33−1.18 in)
Air chamber length
Spring preload - Preload Adjuster
Comfort
0 turn
Standard
2 turns
Sport
4 turns
Fork length
Fork oil per fork leg
940 mm (37.01 in)
626 ml (21.17 fl. oz.)
Fork oil (SAE 5) (
p. 105)
TECHNICAL DATA - SHOCK ABSORBER
Shock absorber part number
12.18.7J.06
Shock absorber
WP Suspension PDS 5018 DCC
99
Compression damping, low-speed
Comfort
22 clicks
Standard
20 clicks
Sport
15 clicks
Compression damping, high-speed
Comfort
2 turns
Standard
1.5 turns
Sport
1.25 turns
Rebound damping
Comfort
26 clicks
Standard
24 clicks
Sport
22 clicks
Spring preload
9 mm (0.35 in)
Spring rate
Weight of rider: 65… 75 kg (143… 165 lb.)
69 N/mm (394 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 75… 85 kg (165… 187 lb.)
72 N/mm (411 lb/in)
Weight of rider: 85… 95 kg (187… 209 lb.)
76 N/mm (434 lb/in)
Spring length
250 mm (9.84 in)
Gas pressure
10 bar (145 psi)
Static sag
35 mm (1.38 in)
Riding sag
105 mm (4.13 in)
Fitted length
411 mm (16.18 in)
Damper oil
Shock absorber oil (SAE 2,5) (50180342S1) (
p. 105)
TECHNICAL DATA - CHASSIS TIGHTENING TORQUES
100
Spoke nipple, front wheel
M4.5
5… 6 Nm (3.7… 4.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, spoiler on fuel tank
M5x12
1.5 Nm (1.11 lbf ft)
–
Spoke nipple, rear wheel
M5
5… 6 Nm (3.7… 4.4 lbf ft)
–
Remaining nuts, chassis
M6
15 Nm (11.1 lbf ft)
–
Remaining screws, chassis
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, ball joint of push rod on foot
brake cylinder
M6
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, front brake disc
M6
14 Nm (10.3 lbf ft)
–
Screw, rear brake disc
M6
14 Nm (10.3 lbf ft)
–
Screw, shock absorber adjusting ring
M6
5 Nm (3.7 lbf ft)
–
Nut, rear sprocket screw
M8
35 Nm (25.8 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Nut, rim lock
M8
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Remaining nuts, chassis
M8
30 Nm (22.1 lbf ft)
–
Remaining screws, chassis
M8
25 Nm (18.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw, bottom triple clamp
M8
12 Nm (8.9 lbf ft)
–
Screw, engine brace
M8
33 Nm (24.3 lbf ft)
–
Screw, fork stub
M8
15 Nm (11.1 lbf ft)
–
Screw, front brake caliper
M8
25 Nm (18.4 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, handlebar clamp
M8
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Screw, side stand fixing
M8
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, subframe
M8
35 Nm (25.8 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, top steering stem
M8
17 Nm (12.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, top triple clamp
M8
17 Nm (12.5 lbf ft)
–
Engine attachment bolt
M10
60 Nm (44.3 lbf ft)
–
Remaining nuts, chassis
M10
50 Nm (36.9 lbf ft)
–
Remaining screws, chassis
M10
45 Nm (33.2 lbf ft)
–
Screw, handlebar support
M10
40 Nm (29.5 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, bottom shock absorber
M12
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, top shock absorber
M12
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Nut, seat fixing
M12x1
20 Nm (14.8 lbf ft)
–
Nut, swingarm pivot
M16x1.5
100 Nm (73.8 lbf ft)
–
Nut, rear wheel spindle
M20x1.5
80 Nm (59 lbf ft)
–
Screw, top steering head
M20x1.5
10 Nm (7.4 lbf ft)
–
Screw-in nozzles, cooling system
M20x1.5
12 Nm (8.9 lbf ft)
Loctite® 243™
Screw, front wheel spindle
M24x1.5
45 Nm (33.2 lbf ft)
–
101
H4
H2
br
4
2
br
wh
bu
re
S12
S6
S7
BR/4
S10
AH2/2
4 3
G
1
BK/4
2
S8
K2
1
H13
2
re
ye-re
2
1
BO/2
B V/ 2
3
BT/3
1 2
BG/3
5
BC/6
6 4
1
E I /1
_EH/1
2
1
X2
S13
B S/ 2
2 1
ye-bl
CV/4
2
1
2
1
ye-bl
3
BY/4
4
AM/3
ye-re
ye-bl
AR/3
3
S11
M1
BK/4
BK/4
4 3
2
1
A T /2
A L /2
2
M
1
K1
10
A
2
AF/4
4 3
1
A T 1 /2
2
_A L 1 / 2
G1
wh
3
br
OFF
ON
ye-re
bl
AC/6
X1
br
bl
ye
S5
1
ye-re
3
1
br - bl
bu
bl
6 11 10 12 13 14
S1
wh
ye-re
br
2
4
3
1
1
2
3
ye
AK/2
AH/2
1 2
br
bl
pu
G2
br
bl
1
2
2
2
1
1
wh
gn-wh 3
br
br
pu
N2
U
H1
H3
3
gn
bu
7
3
G
CX1/2
bl
2
2.1
ye-re
or
5
L1
BG1/3
br
ye
1
br
4
A6
B1
wh-gn
2
1
wh-gn
4
wh
2
BU/18
1
L2
CX/2
CW/2
AJ/3
BG/3
CW1/2
ye
bl
2
3
bu-wh
ye
re
br
br
gn
pu
CR1/1
2
AK1/2
ye-re
re-wh
DA/4
wh-re
re-bl
P1
H18
black
gn
re
ye-bl
DB/4
CY/3
wh
2
br
gr
CZ/3
CW/2
bu
1
ye-bl
gn
ye-re
or
re-bl
br
re
ye-re
br
ye-re
br
CX/2
br
BA/1
ye
bu
bl
bu-wh
1
S2
or
re-wh
v
AH1/2
CX2/2
pu
bl
CW2/2
BP/4
1 bl
2 br
DG/4
CX3/2
B3
CW3/2
bu
H11
H7
pu
gr
bl-wh
ye
CR/1
102
WIRING DIAGRAM
20.1
Wiring diagram
H15
BF/1
bl
AJ1/3
CA/4
CE/4
H5
500249-10
WIRING DIAGRAM
Components
A6
CDI controller
B1
Throttle position sensor
B3
Wheel speed sensor
G1
Battery
G2
Generator
H1
Right rear flasher
H2
Left front flasher
H3
Left rear flasher
H4
Right front flasher
H5
Brake/tail light
H7
Parking light
H11
Low/high beam
H13
Horn
H15
Flasher indicator light
H18
High beam indicator light
K1
Starter relay with main fuse
K2
Flasher relay
L1
Pulse generator
L2
Ignition coil
M1
Starter motor
N2
Voltage regulator/rectifier
P1
Speedometer
S1
Rear brake light switch
S2
Front brake light switch
S5
Tripmaster switch (optional)
S6
Light switch
S7
Horn button
S8
Flasher switch
S10
Electric starter button
S11
Emergency OFF switch
S12
Headlight flasher button
S13
Ignition switch
X1
Ignition curve plug connection
X2
Radiator fan plug connection (optional)
Cable colors
bl
Black
bl-wh
Black-white
br
Brown
br-bl
Brown-black
bu
Blue
bu-wh
Blue-white
gn
Green
gr
Gray
or
Orange
pu
Violet
re
Red
re-bl
Red-black
re-wh
Red-white
wh
White
wh-gn
White-green
wh-re
White-red
103
WIRING DIAGRAM
ye
Yellow
ye-bl
Yellow-black
ye-re
Yellow-red
104
SUBSTANCES
105
Brake fluid DOT 4 / DOT 5.1
According to
– DOT
Guideline
– Use only brake fluid that complies with the specified standards (see specifications on the container) and that possesses the corresponding properties. KTM recommends Castrol and Motorex® products.
Supplier
Castrol
– RESPONSE BRAKE FLUID SUPER DOT 4
Motorex®
– Brake Fluid DOT 5.1
Coolant
Guideline
– Use only suitable coolant (also in countries with high temperatures). Use of low-quality antifreeze can lead to corrosion and foaming. KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Mixture ratio
Antifreeze protection: −25… −45 °C (−13…
−49 °F)
50 % corrosion inhibitor/antifreeze
50 % distilled water
Coolant (mixed ready to use)
−40 °C (−40 °F)
Antifreeze
Supplier
Motorex®
– Anti Freeze
Engine oil (SAE 10W/50)
According to
– JASO T903 MA (
–
SAE (
p. 109)
p. 109) (SAE 10W/50)
Guideline
– Use only engine oils that comply with the specified standards (see specifications on the container) and that possess the corresponding properties. KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Synthetic engine oil
Supplier
Motorex®
– Cross Power 4T
Fork oil (SAE 5)
According to
– SAE ( p. 109) (SAE 5)
Guideline
– Use only oils that comply with the specified standards (see specifications on the container) and that possess the corresponding
properties. KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Racing Fork Oil
Shock absorber oil (SAE 2,5) (50180342S1)
According to
– SAE ( p. 109) (SAE 2,5)
Guideline
– Use only oils that comply with the specified standards (see specifications on the container) and that possesses the corresponding
properties.
SUBSTANCES
Super unleaded (ROZ 95 / RON 95 / PON 91)
According to
– DIN EN 228 (ROZ 95 / RON 95 / PON 91)
106
AUXILIARY SUBSTANCES
Air filter cleaner
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Twin Air Dirt Bio Remover
Chain cleaner
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Chain Clean 611
Cleaning and preserving materials for metal, rubber and plastic
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Protect & Shine 645
Contact spray
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Accu Contact
Long-life grease
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Fett 2000
Motorcycle cleaner
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Moto Clean 900
Off-road chain spray
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Chain Lube 622
Oil for foam air filter
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Twin Air Liquid Bio Power
107
AUXILIARY SUBSTANCES
Paint cleaner and polish for high-gloss and matte finishes, bare metal and plastic surfaces
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Clean & Polish
Universal oil spray
Guideline
– KTM recommends Motorex® products.
Supplier
Motorex®
– Joker 440 Universal
108
STANDARDS
109
JASO T903 MA
Different technical development directions required a new specification for 4-stroke motorcycles – the JASO T903 MA Standard. Earlier, engine oils from the automobile industry were used for 4-stroke motorcycles because there was no separate motorcycle specification. Whereas long service intervals are demanded for automobile engines, high performance at high engine speeds are in the foreground for motorcycle engines. With most motorcycles, the gearbox and the clutch are lubricated with the same oil as the engine. The
JASO MA Standard meets these special requirements.
SAE
The SAE viscosity classes were defined by the Society of Automotive Engineers and are used for classifying oils according to their viscosity. The viscosity describes only one property of oil and says nothing about quality.
INDEX
110
A
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Clutch
fluid level, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
fluid, changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
INDEX
Air filter
cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Air filter box lid
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Anti-freeze
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Arduous riding conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
dry sand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
high temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
low temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
muddy surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
slow speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wet sand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wet surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
30
30
29
30
30
28
29
B
Basic suspension setting
checking with rider's weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Battery
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
recharging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Brake discs
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Brake fluid
front brake, adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
rear brake, adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Clutch lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
adjusting basic position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Compression damping
fork, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Compression damping, high-speed
shock absorber, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Compression damping, low-speed
shock absorber, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Coolant
draining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
refilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Coolant level
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73-74
Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
E
Electric starter button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Emergency OFF switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Engine
running-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Engine number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Engine oil
changing .
draining .
refilling . .
topping up
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82
82
83
84
Engine oil level
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Brake fluid level
front brake, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
rear brake, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Engine oil screen
cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Brake linings
front brake, changing
front brake, checking
rear brake, changing
rear brake, checking
F
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59
58
62
62
C
Carburetor
adjusting idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
float chamber, emptying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
idle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Chain
cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Chain guide
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Chain tension
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Chain wear
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Chassis number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Filler cap
closing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Filling up
fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Flasher switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Foot brake lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
basic position, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
free travel, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Fork
basic setting, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Fork legs
bleeding . . . . . . . .
dust boots, cleaning
fitting . . . . . . . . . .
removing . . . . . . . .
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44
44
46
46
Fork protector
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
INDEX
111
Front fender
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Front wheel
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Fuel tank
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Fuel tap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Fuel, oils, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Fuse
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
G
Gear oil
adding .
changing
draining
refilling .
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86
84
85
85
Gear oil level
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Gear oil screen
cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84-85
H
Hand brake lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
free travel, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
free travel, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Handlebar position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Headlight
beam width, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Headlight adjustment
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Headlight flasher button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Headlight mask with headlight
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Horn button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
I
Ignition switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
K
Key number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Kick starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
L
Light switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Lower triple clamp
fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
M
Main silencer
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Motorcycle
cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
O
Oil filter
changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Overview of indicator lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Owner's manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
P
Play in throttle cable
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Putting into operation
advice on first use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
after storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
checks before putting into operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
R
Rear sprocket / engine sprocket
checking for wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Rear wheel
installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Rebound damping
fork, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
shock absorber, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Riding sag
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
S
Seat
mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Service schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35-37
Shift lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
basic position, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
basic position, checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Shock absorber
installing . . . . . . . .
removing . . . . . . . .
riding sag, checking
static sag, checking
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42
42
41
40
Side stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Spare parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Speedometer
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . .
clock, setting . . . . . . . . .
function description . . . .
kilometers or miles, setting
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17
17
16
16
Spoke tension
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Spring preload
fork, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
shock absorber, adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Starting
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
INDEX
112
Steering
locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
unlocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Steering head bearing
greasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Steering head bearing play
adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Storage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
T
Technical data
carburetor . . . . . . . . . . .
chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . .
chassis tightening torques
engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .
engine tightening torques
fork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
shock absorber . . . . . . . .
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. . 95
96-97
. 100
91-92
93-94
. . 98
. . 99
Throttle cable route
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Tire condition
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Tire pressure
checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87-88
Type label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
U
Use definition
................................. 5
V
View of vehicle
left front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
right rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
W
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Wiring diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102-104
Work rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
*3211468en*
3211468en
09/2009
Photo: Mitterbauer
KTM-Sportmotorcycle AG
5230 Mattighofen/Austria
http://www.ktm.com