Omega Engineering OMEGASCOPE OS533E User's Manual

MADE IN
User’s Guide
CAUTION! – This product
is not intended for medical
use or use on humans
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TM
Shown with
Built-in Distance
Measuring Option
OS530LE, OS532E, OS53xE-CF,
OS533E, OS534E, OS530HRE,
OS523E, OS524E OMEGASCOPE®
Handheld Infrared Thermometer
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It is the policy of OMEGA Engineering, Inc. to comply with all worldwide safety and EMC/EMI
regulations that apply. OMEGA is constantly pursuing certification of its products to the European New
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WARNING: These products are not designed for use in, and should not be used for, human applications.
Unpacking Instructions
Notes
n4
Unpacking Instructions
Remove the Packing List and verify that you have received all
equipment, including the following (quantities in parentheses):
• OS530E/OS520E Series Handheld Infrared Thermometer (1)
• AA Size Lithium Batteries (4)
• Soft Cover Carrying Case (1)
• Analog Cable (1)
• RS232 Cable (only for OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
• CD Software (only for OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
• Quick Start Manual (1)
• Mini-Tripod
Accessories
Model No.
UNIV-AC--100/240
OS520-RCC
OS520-SC-RCC
88013K
88001K
CAL-3-IR
SC-520A
HH-DM
Description
100-240 Vac adapter, 9 Vdc @1.7A
Hard Carrying Case, Standard
Hard Carrying Case, Large
Surface Probe, K Type T/C, up to 815°C (1500°F)
Surface Probe, K Type T/C, up to 482°C (900°F)
NIST Traceable Calibration
Sighting Scope
Distance Measuring Meter
If you have any questions about the shipment, please call Customer
Service at:
1-800-622-2378 or 203-359-1660. We can also be reached on the
Internet at:
omega.com
e-mail: cservice@omega.com
When you receive the shipment, inspect the container and equipment
for signs of damage. Note any evidence of rough handling in transit.
Immediately report any damage to the shipping agent.
NOTE
The carrier will not honor damage claims unless all shipping
material is saved for inspection. After examining and removing
contents, save packing material and carton in the event
reshipment is necessary.
i
ii
OS530E/OS520E Series
Handheld Infrared Thermometer
TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Page
Unpacking Instructions
Chapter 1
General Description
1.1
Introduction
1.2
Parts of the Thermometer
1.2.1 Front of the Thermometer
1.2.2 Rear of the Thermometer
Chapter 2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.1
How to Power the Thermometer
2.1.1 Battery Operation
2.1.2 AC Power Operation
2.2
Operating the Thermometer
2.2.1 Measurement Techniques
2.3
Real Time Mode (Active Operation)
2.3.1 Adjusting Emissivity
2.3.2 Using the LOCK Function
2.3.3 Using the Trigger Function
2.3.4 Using the Distance Function
2.3.5 Laser Sighting Status
2.3.6 Calculating Temperature Values
2.3.7 Changing the Temperature from °F to °C (or vice versa)
2.3.8 Turning on the Display Backlighting
2.3.9 Thermocouple Input (OS532E, OS533E, OS534E)
2.3.10 Using the Alarm Functions
2.3.11 Using Ambient Target Temperature Compensation
(OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
2.3.12 PC User Application (OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
2.3.13 PC Interface Commands
2.3.14 Storing Temperature Data on Command
(OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
2.3.15 Logging Temperature Data in Real Time
(OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
2.3.16 Erasing the Temperature Data from Memory
2.4
Recall Mode (Passive Operation)
2.4.1 Reviewing the Last Parameters
2.4.2 Reviewing Previously Stored Temperature Data
(OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
Chapter 3
Laser Sighting
3.1
Warnings and Cautions
3.2
Description
3.3
Operating the Laser Sighting
3.4
Laser Sighting Status
Chapter 4
Sighting Scope
4.2
Installing and Operating the Sighting Scope
i
1-1
1-1
1-5
1-5
1-7
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-6
2-8
2-11
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-15
2-15
2-16
2-16
2-16
2-17
2-19
2-20
2-25
2-27
2-28
2-29
2-30
2-32
2-32
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-3
4-1
4-1
iii
TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Chapter 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Maintenance
Replacing the Batteries
Cleaning the Lens
Calibrating the Thermometer
Servicing the Laser Sighting
Troubleshooting Guide
Specifications
Glossary of Key Strokes
Appendix A How Infrared Thermometry Works
Appendix B Emissivity Values
Appendix C Determining an Unknown Emissivity
Index
iv
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-2
5-2
6-1
7-1
8-1
A-1
B-1
C-1
I-1
General Description
1
1.1 Introduction
The OS530E/OS520E series Handheld Infrared (IR) Thermometers
provide non-contact temperature measurements up to 4500°F. They
offer effective solutions for many non-contact temperature
applications, including the following:
• Predictive Maintenance: Tracking temperature shifts which
indicate pending failure in solenoid valves.
• Energy Auditing: Locating wall insulation voids to reduce
building heating costs.
• Food Processing: Taking accurate temperature readings without
direct contact with the food or packaging material.
The IR thermometer provides information at a glance — the custom
backlit dual digital LCD displays both current and minimum,
maximum, average or differential temperatures. This versatile
instrument provides:
• Measurable target distances from 5 inches to approximately 100
feet
• Emissivity adjustable from 0.1 to 1.00 in 0.01 steps provides ease
of use when measuring a variety of surfaces.
• Built-in Laser sighting in Circle & Dot configurations.
• Thermocouple input available.
• Distance Measurement available, either field mountable or builtin.
• An electronic trigger lock feature set via the keypad allows
continuous temperature measurement up to 10 times per second.
• Audible and visual alarms. The high and low alarm points
are set via the keypad.
• 1 mV per degree (°F or °C) analog output, which allows
interfacing with data acquisition equipment (including
chart recorders, dataloggers and computers). OS524E provides 0.5
mV/Deg.
• Last temperature recall (Hold).
• Backlit display useful in low ambient light conditions.
• Powers from 4 AA size batteries or an ac adapter.
• RS232 serial communication to a PC or printer with data logging
software. This allows downloading data for further analysis.
• Ambient target temperature compensation. This provides more
accuracy for measuring low emissivity targets.
• Record up to 800 temperature data points. Review the recorded
data on the thermometer LCD, as well as downloading the data
to a PC.
1-1
1
General Description
The thermometer is easy to use:
• Units have standard “V” groove aiming sights.
• Integral tripod mount permits hands-free operation, if necessary.
• Temperature readings are switchable from °F to °C via the keypad.
• Parameters, such as target material emissivity and alarm setpoints, can
be set and remain in memory until reset.
This instrument has a rugged and functional design, including:
• Sealed keypad display.
• Convenient trigger operation.
• Soft carrying case and wrist strap, for safety and ease of carrying.
• Rubber boot around the lens and the display.
Table 1-1. OS530 Series Handheld Infrared Thermometer Features
Features
Accuracy*
Range
OS532E
OS533E
±1% rdg
±1% rdg
±1% rdg
OS534E OS534E-LR
±1% rdg
±1% rdg
-10 to 1000°F -10 to 1000°F -10 to 1000°F -10 to 1600°F -10 to 1600°F
-23 to 538°C -23 to 538°C -23 to 538°C -23 to 871°C -23 to 871°C
Emissivity
adjustable
adjustable
adjustable
adjustable
adjustable
Backlit Dual Display
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
10:1
10:1
20:1
30:1
110:1
Distance to Spot
Size Ratio
Differential Temp.
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
Min/Max Temperature
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
Average Temperature
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
High Alarm
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
—
standard
standard
standard
standard
Thermocouple Input
Audible Alarm
& Indicator
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
Analog Output
1mV/deg
1mV/deg
1mV/deg
1mV/deg
1mV/deg
Built-in Laser Sighting
dot/circle
dot/circle
dot/circle
dot/circle
dot/circle
Trigger Lock
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
Last Temp. Recall
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
Low Alarm
—
—
standard
standard
standard
Ambient Target
Temperature
Compensation
—
—
standard
standard
standard
RS232 Interface
—
—
standard
standard
standard
Data Storage
—
—
—
standard
standard
Distance Measurement
1-2
OS530LE
Optional
General Description
Features
Accuracy*
Range
Emissivity
Display Resolution
Backlit Dual
Display
Field of view
Differential
Temperature
Min/Max
Temperature
Average
Temperature
High Alarm
Low Alarm
Audible Buzzer
& Indicator
Ambient Target
Temp
Compensation
Analog Output
RS232 Output
Data Storage
Built-in Laser
sighting
Trigger Lockstd
Last Temperature
Recall
Thermocouple
Input
Distance
Measurement
1
OS530HRE
3°F (1.7 °C)
-22 to 250°F
-30 to 121°C
Adjustable
0.1°For 0.1°C
std
OS530LE-CF
±1% rdg
-10 to 1000°F
-23 to 538°C
Adjustable
1°F or 1°C
std
OS533E-CF
±1% rdg
-10 to 1000°F
-23 to 538°C
Adjustable
1°F or 1°C
std
OS534E-CF
±1% rdg
-10 to 1600°F
-23 to 871°C
Adjustable
1°F or 1°C
std
20:1
0.15"@6"
0.15"@6"
0.15"@6"
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
---
std
std
---
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
---
---
std
std
1 mV/Deg
----Dot/Circle
1 mV/Deg
----Dot
1 mV/Deg
std
--Dot
1 mV/Deg
std
std
Dot
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
std
--Optional
---
std
Not Recommended
std
* The temperature accuracy is 1% of Rdg or 2ºC (3ºF) whichever is greater.
1-3
1
General Description
Features
Accuracy
Range
Emissivity
Backlit Dual Display
Distance to Spot Size Ratio
Differential Temperature
Min/Max Temperature
Average Temperature
High Alarm
Low Alarm
Audible Alarm & Indicator
Ambient Target
Temperature Compensation
Analog Output
RS-232 Output
Thermocouple Input
Data Storage
Built-in Laser Sighting
Trigger Lock
Last Temperature Recall
Distance Measurement
OS523E**
±1% rdg
0 to 2500°F
(-18 to 1371°C)
adjustable
standard
varies**
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
OS524E
±1% rdg
1000 to 4500°F
(538 to 2482°C)
adjustable
standard
110:1
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
1 mV/deg
standard
–––
standard
dot/circle
standard
standard
standard
0.5 mV/deg
standard
–––
standard
dot/circle
standard
standard
** OS523E provides four field of views:
OS523E-1
OS523E-2
OS523E-3
OS523E-LR
1-4
Distance to Spot Size Ratio
30:1
60:1
68:1
110:1
Optional
General Description
1
1.2 Parts of the Thermometer
1.2.1 Front of the Thermometer
“V” Groove
Lens Rubber
Boot
Display
Rubber
Boot
TM
Built-in
Distance Module
(Optional)
Backlit
LCD
Distance
Power
Switch
Trigger
Battery
Compartment
Door
Wrist
Strap
Figure 1-1. OS530E/OS520E Series Handheld Infrared Thermometer Front View
The display is shown in more detail in Figure 1-2 and described in Table 1-2.
There are no user-serviceable parts in the thermometer.
Refer to Chapter 3 for Laser Sight information.
1-5
1
General Description
1
OMEGASCOPE®
2
3
LCK
ATC
10
HAL LOBAT
LAL PRN °F °C
4
5
®
9
Figure 1-2.
Display and
Keypad View
FUNC
8
C
11
Key
➁
➂
➃
➄
➅
➆
➇
➈
➉
Description
Display Mode displays one of the following:
E (Emissivity)
AVG (Average Temperature)
d_F (distance in Feet)
HAL (High Alarm Setpoint)
d_M (Distance in Meters)
TC (Thermocouple Input)
LSR (Laser either flashing or continuous) LAL (Low Alarm Setpoint)
MAX (Maximum Temperature)
AMB (Ambient Target Temp)
MIN (Minimum Temperature)
PRN (Send Data to PC)
dIF (Differential Temperature)
MEM (Store Individual Temperature Data)
LOG (Log Temperature Data)
Data associated with one of the Display Modes
Backlighting Icon - allows the display to be viewed under low ambient light
Displays the units of measure in either °F or °C
Main display - displays the current temperature
Locks the trigger / Enables or Disables alarms/Resets MAX, MIN, Dif, Avg. Temps
for incrementing data; and is for turning on/off the display backlighting
C
F
for decrementing data; and is for changing the units of measure from °F to °C or vice
versa
Function key for scrolling through the display modes
Display Icons
Trigger Lock
Low Alarm
Ambient Target
Low Battery
High Alarm
Data Transfer thru RS232
Laser Power Indicator LED
1-6
6
7
F
Table 1-2. Display
Details
➀
LOCK
General Description
1
Figure 1-3 shows the various jacks for analog output, thermocouple input
and the ac adapter to the thermometer. The figures also show the location of
the Laser Power Switch, Dot-Circle Switch, and Laser Beam Aperture. More
details are provided in Section 2.2.1.
Laser
Power
Switch
Distance
Power
Switch
Laser Beam
Aperture
Laser
Dot/Circle
Switch
Thermocouple Input
Socket (SMP)
(standard on OS532E,
OS533E, OS534E)
ac Adapter Input Jack
Analog Output Jack (1mV/deg)
RS-232 Phone Jack
(standard on OS533E,
OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
Figure 1-3. OS530E/OS520E Series Handheld Infrared Thermometer
Various Views
1-7
1
General Description
Notes
1-8
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.1 How to Power the Thermometer
2.1.1 Battery Operation
Invert the thermometer and install 4 fresh AA size batteries as shown in
Figure 2-1. Make sure the batteries’ polarities are correct, the batteries are
not put in backwards, and are of the same type.
NOTE
If the
icon flashes, the batteries must be
replaced with fresh batteries immediately.
C
F
FU
NC
LO
CK
®
K
LC
C
AT
T
BA
°C
LO
°F
L PRN
HA
L
LA
PE
CO
AS
EG
OM
®
Figure 2-1. Installing the Batteries
2.1.2 ac Power Operation
The thermometer may be operated on ac power using the optional
universal 100/240 Vac adapter. When operating on ac power the batteries
supply backup power in case of ac power failure. The ac adapter input jack
is shown in Figure 1-3.
2-1
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.2 Operating the Thermometer
1a.
(Without the Laser Sighting) -Aim the thermometer at the target to
be measured. Use the “V” groove (shown in Figure 1-1) on top of
the thermometer to align the target to the thermometer’s field of
view. Look down the “V” groove with one eye only, in order to
guarantee proper sighting. Pull and hold the trigger.
1b.
(With the Laser Sighting) - Set the laser power switch to the
ON position. Aim at the target and pull the trigger. The laser
beam and the red power indicator LED will turn on while the
trigger is pulled. Refer to Chapter 3 for more details on the Laser
Sighting.
2.
The field of view of the thermometer should fall within the area
of the target being measured as shown in Figure 2-2. Figures 2-3
through 2-9 show the field of view vs distance for the various
thermometers.
Field of View
Target
(ACCEPTABLE)
(UNACCEPTABLE)
SPOT DIA. * (CM)
SPOT DIA. * (IN)
Figure 2-2. Field of View Positions
Figure 2-3. Field of View OS532E, OS530LE
2-2
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (FT)
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
0**
20" 2'
1'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
4.2"
8'
4.8"
3.6"
1.0" @ 0" to 20"
3.0"
2.4"
1.0"
1.0"
1.8"
1.2"
D:S = 20:1
2.5
SPOT DIA.* (CM)
4.0
6.0
8.0
2.5cm @ 51cm
10.0
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
40
80
120
12.2
160
200
244
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (CM)
Figure 2-4 Field of View OS533E, OS530HRE
** Measurement distance is from the outside surface of the rubber boot.
Figure 2-5 Field of View OS534E, OS523E-1
2-3
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE: SENSOR LENS TO OBJECT (in.)
0
6"
3"
9"
15"
12"
1.17"
0.9"
.45"
.39"
.15"
.78"
SPOT DIA.* (MM)
D:S = 40:1
3.9
11.5
22
9.9
19.9
29.9
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
7.6
0
22.9
15.2
38.1
30.5
DISTANCE: SENSOR LENS TO OBJECT (cm.)
Figure 2-6 Field of View OS53xE-CF
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (FT)
3'
0'
5'
10'
16'
2.9"
1.9"
0.9"@ 0
1.2"
1.0"
0.9"
D:S = 60:1
SPOT DIA.* (MM)
26
31
22mm @ 0
48
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
0
1.0
1.5
75
3.0
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-7 Field of View OS523E-2
2-4
5.0
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (FT)
0’
3’
2’
5’
10’
4.0"
.35"@ 24"
.8"
.9"
21
22
1.6"
42
101
181
9mm @ 610mm
SPOT DIA.* (MM)
16’
7.0"
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
0
.61
1.0
1.5
3.0
5.0
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-8 Field of View OS523E-3
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (FT)
0'
16'
50'
82'
0.5"@ 0
8.7"
1.5"
0.9"
5.1"
SPOT DIA.* (MM)
D:S = 110:1
38
13mm @ 0
130
221
15
25
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
0
5
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-9 Field of View OS524E
SPOT DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (FT)
0'
5'
10'
14'
18'
2.5"
3.0"
1.0" @ 0
2.0"
1.0"
1.5"
SPOT DIA.* (MM)
D:S = 110:1
38
50
64
76
3
4.2
5.5
25.4 mm @ 0
*SPOT DIAMETER MEASURED
AT 90% ENERGY
0
1.5
DISTANCE: SENSOR TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-9B Field of View OS534E-LR, OS523E-LR
2-5
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
3. The target temperature and emissivity are displayed on the LCD.
Determine the emissivity of the target (refer to Appendix B). Press the
key to increment the target emissivity. Press the
C
F
key to
decrement the target emissivity.
4. Press the
LOCK
key to lock the trigger. The
icon will appear
on the display. This allows the thermometer to operate continuously
whether or not the trigger is pulled. To unlock the trigger, press the
LOCK
key again or pull the trigger twice. The
icon is no longer
displayed. When the trigger is pulled, the Laser Sighting as well as the
display backlight will stay on .
5. After completing a temperature measurement, release the trigger.
In order to conserve battery life, the thermometer goes into sleep
mode and the Laser Sighting turns off.
2.2.1 Measurement Techniques
You can use the IR Thermometer to collect temperature data in any
one of five different ways:
• Spot Measurement — Measures the temperature of discrete objects
such as motor bearings, engine exhaust manifolds, etc.:
1. Aim at the desired target and pull the trigger.
2.
3.
If necessary, adjust the emissivity using the
keys.
Read the temperature.
and
C
F
• Differential Measurement — Measures the temperature differential
between two spots (the maximum and minimum temperatures
viewed)
1.
Aim the thermometer at the first spot and pull the trigger. Press
the
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2-6
LOCK
key to lock the trigger.
If necessary, adjust the emissivity.
Aim at the second spot.
Adjust the emissivity of the second spot if required.
To display the differential temperature, press the FUNC key until
“dIF” appears on the display.
Read the differential temperature from the upper display.
Press the LOCK key to unlock the trigger.
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
• Static Surface Scan – Measures the temperature across a static
surface:
1.
Aim the thermometer at a starting point and pull the trigger.
Press the LOCK key to lock the trigger.
2.
If necessary, adjust the emissivity.
3.
Slowly move the thermometer so that the line of sight sweeps
across the surface. The thermometer measures the temperature
at each point on the surface.
To record the temperature profile across the surface, connect
the IR thermometer to a strip chart recorder. Refer to Figure
2-11 for details. The IR thermometer provides an analog output
of 1mV/degree. (0.5 mV/Deg on OS524E)
4.
5.
After all the data has been taken, press the
the trigger.
LOCK
key to unlock
NOTE
Center hole is the
analog output jack
Analog
Cable
To Strip Chart
Recorder
Figure 2-11 Recorder Hookup
• Moving Surface Scan - Measures the Temperature of Points on a
Moving Surface:
1. Mount the thermometer on a camera tripod and aim at a fixed
point on the moving surface.
2. Pull the trigger and press the LOCK key to lock the trigger.
3. If necessary, adjust the emissivity. The thermometer is now set
up for measuring the temperature of a moving surface.
4. To record the temperature profile of the moving surface,
connect the IR thermometer to a strip chart recorder. Refer to
Figure 2-11 for details.
5.
After all data is taken, press the
LOCK
key to unlock the trigger.
• Fixed Point Monitoring Over Time - Monitors the temperature at
a fixed point over time:
NOTE
It is recommended that you use the ac adapter for long
term measurement of temperature.
2-7
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
1.
2.
Mount the thermometer on a camera tripod and aim at the
target.
Connect the analog output of the thermometer to a strip chart
recorder as shown in Figure 2-11.
3.
Pull the trigger and press the
4.
5.
If necessary, adjust the emissivity.
The thermometer is now set up for unattended monitoring of
temperature over time. You can also download the temperature
to a Serial Printer or a PC for further analysis (Models OS533E,
OS534E, OS523E, OS524E).
After all data is taken, press the LOCK key to unlock the trigger.
6.
LOCK
key to lock the trigger.
2.3 Real Time Mode (Active Operation)
Definition: Real Time Mode is the active operational mode of the
thermometer. In this mode, the thermometer constantly measures
and displays temperature.
FUNC
Figure 2-12. General Operational Block Diagram
2-8
DISPLAY
MODE:
–––
–––
Turn on/off
Logging
Go to
Set Data Transmission
interval (Logging)
Set Ambient Target temp
Set Low Alarm set point
Turn on LCD Back lite
Change °F to °C
Set High Alarm set point
F
to turn on/off
LCD backlight
to...
Press C
to change
from °F to °C or feet to meter
and vise versa
Press
or
Set Emissivity
Press C F
Store temp data
Enable/Disable
LAL
Enable/Disable
ATC
Enable/Disable
PRN
Enable/Disable
HAL
––––––
Reset Maximum,
Minimum, Diff.
Average temps
Set laser to
Flashing or On
Lock or unlock
Trigger LCK
Press LOCK to...
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Press FUNC to...
NOTE: The unit of measure (°F or °C) flashes during Real Time Mode.
Emissivity
Current temperature
Distance (feet or meter)
Current temperature
Laser status
Current temperature
Maximum temperature
Current temperature
Minimum temperature
Current temperature
Differential temp
Current temperature
Average temperature
Current temperature
High alarm set point
Current temperature
Thermocouple temp
Current temperature
Low alarm set point
Current temperature
Ambient target temp
Current temperature
Data Trans. Interval
Current Temperature
Memory location
Current temperature
Logging
Current temperature
Display shows:
Real Time Modes
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
Table 2-1. Functional Flow Chart when the Trigger is Pulled (Real Time Mode)
OS530LE, OS530HRE
OS532E
OS533E
OS534E, OS523E, OS524E
2-9
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
MODE
DISPLAY
DISPLAY
LCK
LCK
LCK
☞
*
FUNC
MODE
HAL
☞
FUNC
☞
FUNC
(Models OS530LE,
OS530HRE)
LCK
☞
*
*
LCK
FUNC
(Model OS532E)
LCK
LCK
☞
*
LAL
FUNC
☞
LCK
FUNC
LCK
ATC
☞
*
FUNC
☞
LCK
FUNC
LCK
PRN
☞
FUNC
☞
LCK
*
☞
☞
(Model OS533E)
LCK
FUNC
☞
LCK
*
FUNC
FUNC
(Models
OS534E,
OS523E,
OS524E)
on
FUNC
LCK
☞
FUNC
Figure 2-13. Visual Function Flow Chart
* While in these 7 modes:
Use
Use
2-10
C
F
key to change temperature from °F to °C or vice versa.
key to turn on the display backlighting.
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.1 Adjusting Emissivity
°F
Refer to Appendices B and C for information on emissivity.
1. Determine the emissivity of the target.
2. Aim at the target and pull the trigger.
3. If necessary, press the
or press the
C
F
key to increment the target emissivity
key to decrement the target emissivity.
NOTE
The Emissivity Display Mode (E) appears every time the
trigger is pulled regardless of how the Display Mode was
previously set.
NOTE
The emissivity setting does not change when the
thermometer is turned off. However, when the batteries are
replaced, the emissivity is reset to 0.95, the default
value.
2.3.2 Using the LOCK Function
This function electronically locks the trigger mechanism:
1. Pull the trigger and press the LOCK key to lock the trigger in the Emissivity
and Distance Display Mode. The
icon will appear on the display.
2. Release the trigger. This allows the thermometer to operate
continuously whether or not the trigger is pulled.
NOTE
To unlock the trigger function, while in Emissivity and
Distance Display Modes press the
the
LOCK
key again, and
icon is no longer displayed.
The LOCK key also enables/disables alarm functions, and resets
calculated temperature values (MAX, MIN, dIF, AVG).
2.3.3 Using the Trigger Function
Besides turning on the thermometer by pulling the trigger, you can
lock the trigger electronically by pressing the trigger button twice.
The
icon is displayed. You can unlock the trigger by pressing the
trigger button twice again.
2-11
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.3.4 Using the Distance Function
CAUTION
LCK
• There should be a clean, open line of sight from the distance
device to the target, otherwise an erroneous reading will result.
• For accurate distance measurement readings, the surface
must be hard, flat, and reflective to ultrasonic pulse.
• Distance measurement can not be taken through glass, or
off of soft and padded surfaces, or through smoke or fog.
• The distance measurement unit must be held perpendicular
to the target surface.
• The distance measurement unit is designed for indoor use only.
• Accuracy of the distance measurement unit will vary
depending on environmental conditions.
• Do not aim the distance measurement unit at a person.
The thermometer provides distance measurement as an option. This function
is either built-in or field mountable. The field mountable version (HH-DM)
mounts on top of the thermometer and is a stand-alone device. It operates
independently of the thermometer. Model HH-DM operates from a 9Vdc
C
battery. Press the
key to measure distance. Press and hold the OFF
key
for about 2 seconds to convert distance from Feet to Meters or vise versa. Press
C
the same OFF
key to turn off the device or it will turn itself off in about 7
minutes.
Distance
Power Switch
Figure 2-14.
Model HH-DM Distance Meter
2-12
Figure 2-15. Infrared Thermometer With
Built-in Distance Measurement (-DM)
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
The built-in version (-DM) is an integal part of the
thermometer, and distance measurment is made using the
thermometer's keypad. Go to the d_F or d_M display
menu. There is a slide power switch on the side of the
distance module housing. Make sure the power switch is
ON. Pull the trigger for about 2 seconds, and the upper
display will show the distance to the target either in Feet or
Meter. Releasing the trigger will turn off the distance
measurement, and distance value will stay on for about 3
seconds. Pressing the C F key will convert the distance
value from Feet to Meters and vise versa.
NOTE
Do not operate the built-in distance module and laser sighting at
the same time while operating from the batteries. It places a heavy
load on the batteries.
BEAM DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE MODULE TO OBJECT (FT)
3'
0'
5'
10'
16'
18.0"
12.0"
2"@ 0
7.0"
5.0"
D:S = 10:1
13
BEAM DIA.* (CM)
LCK
2
18
5@0
30
46
0
1.0
1.5
3.0
5.0
DISTANCE MODULE TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-16. Field of View of Built-in Distance Module
2-13
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
BEAM DIA.* (IN)
DISTANCE METER TO OBJECT (FT)
3'
0'
5'
10'
16'
30.0"
18.0"
0.5"@ 0
10.0"
6.0"
HH-DM
®
DISTANCE MEASURING
REFERENCE LINE
D:S = 6.5:1
BEAM DIA.* (CM)
15
25
1.2 @ 0
46
76
0
1.0
1.5
3.0
5.0
DISTANCE METER TO OBJECT (M)
Figure 2-17. Field of View of Distance Meter HH-DM
Distance Meter HH-DM
2" (50 mm)
Distance Meter Line of Sight
Optical Line of Sight
Built-in Distance Module Line of Sight
2" (50 mm)
Built-in distance Module
Figure 2-18. Line of Sight of the Infrared Thermometer
vs. Distance Meter and Built-in Module
2-14
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.5 Laser Sighting Status
In the LSR display menu, the status of the laser sighting is shown
either as Flashing (FLS) or continuous (on). Pressing the LOCK key will
change the status from flashing to continuous and vise versa. There is
a slide laser power switch on the left side of the thermometer's case.
Set the power switch to ON position, and pull the trigger. The laser
beam will turn on (either flashing or continuous depending on the
status) as long as the trigger is pulled. Releasing the trigger will
automatically turn off the laser beam.
2.3.6 Calculating Temperature Values
The thermometer calculates the MAX, MIN, dIF, and AVG
temperatures based on the current temperature.
°F
°F
°F
is the maximum temperature since
the temperature measurement
session starts (pulling the trigger).
°F
°F
is the minimum temperature
since the temperature
measurement session starts.
is the difference between
the MAX and MIN
temperatures.
is the true average temperature since the temperature
measurement session starts. The average temperature under
continuous operation is accurate for a limited period of time
(refer to the specifications). However, the AVG temperature
function can be used indefinitely when the thermometer is
operating intermittently.
“AVG ---” is displayed when either of the following conditions occur:
1. When the average temperature measurement reaches its time
period as stated in the specifications.
2. When the thermometer is trying to measure a target temperature
which is outside of its measuring temperature range. At this time
the corresponding MAX, MIN, dlF parameters shows _ _ _.
To clear the “AVG ---” display, press the
thermometer.
LOCK
key to reset or turn off the
NOTE
Every time the thermometer goes from the sleep mode to the
Real Time mode (by pulling the trigger) or pressing the
LOCK key
(see Table 2-1) the MAX, MIN, dIF, and AVG values are
reset.
2-15
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.3.7 Changing the Temperature from °F to °C (or vice
versa)
During the time the thermometer displays either d_F, d_M, MAX,
MIN, dIF, AVG or thermocouple temperature, press the C F key to
change all the temperatures from °F to °C or vice versa.
2.3.8 Turning on the Display Backlighting
During the time that the thermometer displays either d_F, d_M,
LSR, MAX, MIN, dIF, AVG, or TC temperatures, press the
key
to turn the display backlighting ON/OFF.
2.3.9 Thermocouple Input (OS532E, OS533E, OS534E)
LCK
∞F
The thermometer accepts thermocouple input. It displays
thermocouple temperature and the target temperature (via
infrared) simultaneously. This function provides an accurate
method of determining an unknown emissivity.
• To Determine an unknown target emissivity
1. Connect a contact thermocouple probe (Type K) to the
thermometer as shown in Figure 1-3.
2. Measure the object temperature using the thermocouple
probe.
3.
Aim at the object and measure the temperature via infrared.
4.
5.
Press and hold the FUNC key until the Emissivity Display
mode (E) appears.
Set the emissivity by pressing the
or C F keys until
the temperature reading matches the thermocouple
temperature measurement.
6.
The thermometer now displays the correct object
emissivity.
"TC--- is” is displayed when the thermocouple
input is open or out of range (0 to 1600°F).
2-16
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.10 Using the Alarm Functions
HAL
°F
The thermometer provides audible and visible alarm
indications.
• To set the high alarm value:
1.
Pull the trigger. Then press and hold the
FUNC
key until
the High Alarm Display Mode (HAL) appears.
2.
Press the
the
3.
C
F
key to increment the high alarm value. Press
key to decrement the high alarm value.
Press the
LOCK
key to enable the high alarm function. The
icon appears.
If the temperature exceeds the high alarm setpoint,
you will hear a beep and the
icon on the
display flashes.
4.
To disable the high alarm, press the
and the
LOCK
key again,
icon
disappears.
NOTE
If you are not in High Alarm Display Mode (HAL) when
the high alarm goes off, you must press the
FUNC
key to
get into the High Alarm Display Mode. Then press the
LOCK
key to disable the high alarm.
2-17
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
NOTE
The high alarm setpoint does not change when the
thermometer is turned off. However, when the
batteries are replaced, it is reset to the default value
as follows:
OS530HRE:
250°F
OS530LE, OS532E, OS533E: 1000°F
OS534E:
1600°F
OS523E:
2500°F
OS524E:
4500°F
• To set the low alarm value: (OS533E, OS534E, OS523E,
OS524E):
LAL
°F
1.
Pull the trigger. Then press and hold the
FUNC
key until
the Low Alarm Display Mode (LAL) appears.
2.
Press the
the
3.
C
key to increment the low alarm value. Press
key to decrement the low alarm value.
F
Press the
LOCK
key to enable the low alarm function. The
icon appears.
If the temperature drops below the low alarm
setpoint, you will hear a beep and the
icon on
the display flashes.
4.
To disable the low alarm, press the
the
LOCK
key again, and
icon disappears.
NOTE
If you are not in Low Alarm Display Mode (LAL)
when the low alarm goes off, you must press the
FUNC
key to get into the Low Alarm Display Mode.Then
press the LOCK key to disable the low alarm.
NOTE
The low alarm setpoint does not change when the
thermometer is turned off. However, when the
batteries are replaced, it is reset to the default value
of -10°F (0° F for OS523E and 1000°F for OS524E).
2-18
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.11 Using Ambient Target Temperature
Compensation
(OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
ATC
°F
Use the Ambient Target Temperature Compensation
(AMB) Display Mode when high accuracy readings under both
of these conditions are required:
• The target has a low emissivity.
• The ambient temperature around the target is much
higher than the ambient temperature around the
infrared thermometer.
To set and activate the Ambient Target Temperature
Compensation Mode:
1.
Pull the trigger and press the
LOCK
key to lock the
trigger. Set the emissivity to 1.0 (refer to Section 2.3.1).
2.
Press and hold the
FUNC
key until the Average Display
Mode (AVG) appears.
3.
Slowly move the thermometer so that the line of sight
sweeps across the area surrounding the target. The
thermometer measures the temperature at each point on
the surrounding area.
4.
Read the average temperature value from the upper
display and record it here __________.
5.
Press and hold the
FUNC
key until the Ambient
Temperature Display Mode (AMB) appears.
6.
Set the AMB temperature found in Step 4 by pressing the
key or the
7.
Press the
C
F
key.
key to enable the ambient target
LOCK
temperature compensation. The
icon appears
on the display.
NOTE
To disable this mode, press the
The
LOCK
key again.
icon disappears.
2-19
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
8.
ATC
°F
Press and hold the
key until the Emissivity Display
FUNC
Mode (E) appears.
9.
Change the emissivity to the proper value for the target
being measured (refer to Section 2.3.1).
10.
Aim at the target. The target temperature and emissivity
are displayed on the LCD.
11.
After all data is taken, press the
LOCK
key to release
this mode
NOTE
To disable the Ambient Target Temperature
Compensation at a later time, you must press the
FUNC
key to get into the Ambient Target
Temperature Display Mode. Then press the
LOCK
key to disable it.
NOTE
The target ambient temperature does not change
when the thermometer is turned off. However,
when the batteries are replaced, it is reset to the
default value of 75°F.
2-20
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.12 PC User Application, OS530 Series
This PC application software communicates with the following products:
OS530E series Infrared Thermometers
OS523E/524E series Infrared Thermometers
This Windows based user application allows you to do the following:
• Monitor and log your temperature in real time.
• Save the temperature data with time stamping to a text file.
• Print the temperature line graph to a printer.
• Display other parameters in real time as explained below.
• Set different parameters such as Emissivity, high & low alarm set points, etc.
• Select your Chart time base (On the PC) from one minute up to one day.
• Select the Upper & Lower values of the Y axis of the temperature graph,
or Automatic scale.
• Download the recorded temperature data from the thermometer to a text file.
• Erase the recorded temperature data from the thermometer.
• COM port auto detect.
• Enable/disable audible indications
Operation
The user application runs on Windows 2000, XP, Vista, and Seven. After
installing the application, run the application, and you will see the
following on the main menu:
• The line graph of the temperature in real time and the Engineering unit
(ºF or ºC).
• The high & low alarm lines on the chart.
• The digital display of the infrared temperature in real time.
• The high & low alarm set points and the alarm LED indicators.
• Communication & over-range LED indicators.
• Displays the following parameters in real time:
1. Emissivity
2. Min/Max/Average/Differential Temperatures
3. Thermocouple Temperature (if applicable)
4. Distance Measurement (if applicable)
5. Elapsed time or Chart time
• Displays the data transmission interval (PRN) in seconds.
• Print icon. You can print the temperature line graph to a printer (By
clicking on the Print icon) after stopping the recording process.
2-21
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
Figure 2-19. Main Menu
You can also initiate data transmission from the thermometer. If the
application does not establish communication with the thermometer, it will
show an error text message box, and the Find button will flash. Please check
the following for communication error:
• The thermometer is connected to a serial port on the PC.
• The thermometer is turned on and is operating normally.
• Go to the Settings menu and check the COM port number. Make sure you
are using the right COM port on your PC.
• Click the Find button, and the program should be able to establish
communication. The Find button will then change to Go.
Click the Go button, and the program starts to receive data from the
thermometer.
2-22
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
Settings Menus
In the settings menu, you can do the following:
• Select audible indication. The PC will beep every time the temperature
goes into alarm conditions.
• COM port auto detect. The program shows the available COM ports for
your selection.
• Selecting the “Show History Viewer”, provides a log of all the events
happening with the application such as high & low alarm events, start &
stop of the application, etc.
• Selecting the “Save to File”, allows you to save the charted data coming
from the thermometer to a data file. When you stop recording, the
program will ask if you would like to save the data.
• Select your chart time base from 1 minute per frame up to 1 day per
frame.
• Select “Auto Scale” or specify your upper & lower Y axis values for
custom scaling.
• Set the following parameters:
1. Emissivity
2. High and Low alarm set points as well as enable/disable
3. Temperature Engineering unit (ºF or ºC)
4. Data transmission interval in seconds
5. Target Ambient temperature
• Download the recorded temperature data from the thermometer to a text
file.
• Erase the recorded temperature data from the thermometer.
Figure 2-10. Settings Menu
2-23
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
The following is a typical temperature data file saved from the application.
It shows the start time, the ending time, and the data transmission interval.
Each data also has a time stamping attached.
Figure 2-21. Typical Temperature Data File
2-24
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.13 PC Interface Commands
You can communicate directly from the PC to the infrared thermometer. Here
are the Comm port settings and communication commands from the PC:
Baud rate: 9600
Data: 8 Bits
One Stop Bit
No Parity
All the PC commands to the infrared thermometer are case sensitive and
terminates with a carriage return (CR). You can change parameter settings
from the PC when data transmission is stopped.
Command
(ASCII)
IR
T
P
S
F1 or F0
E95
H500
L20
A125
t
t5
p
D0
De
Description
Get the current infrared temperature from the thermometer
Start sending Data stings from the thermometer to the PC
Stop sending data to the PC
Reset Min, Max, Diff, Avg temperature values on the thermometer
F1 = Set Engineering unit to °F , F0 = Set Engineering unit to °C
Set Emissivity to 0.95 (Thermometer sends “E:95” back as
confirmation)
Set High Alarm set point (HAL) to 500 (It sends “HAL:500” back as
confirmation)
Set Low Alarm set point (LAL) to 20 (It sends “LAL:20” back as
confirmation)
Set Target ambient temp (AMB) to 125(It sends “AMB:125” back as
confirmation)
Get the data transmission interval (PRN) from thermometer
Set data transmission interval (PRN) to 5 seconds. Thermometer sends
back “PRN:5” as confirmation.
Get the data transmission flag from the thermometer.
PRNF:0 means no data transmission (PRN is disabled)
PRNF:1 means data transmission (PRN is enabled)
Start to download stored data from IR thermometer memory
Erase the data from the IR thermometer memory
Here is a typical data strings from the infrared thermometer to the PC when
the “T” command is activated:
OS534; E:95; MAX:78; MIN:65; DIF:13; AVG:72; DIS:1144; HAL:900; TC:74;
TEF:0;
LAL:20; AMB:125; PRN:5; PRNF:1; IR:73; CF:0; FF:1; LF: 0:
End
2-25
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
String
E:95;
MAX:78;
MIN:65;
DIF:13;
AVG:72;
DIS:1144;
HAL:900;
TC:74;
TEF:0;
LAL:20;
AMB:125;
PRN:5;
PRNF:1;
IR:73;
CF:0;
FF:1;
LF:0
End
2-26
Description
Emissivity is 0.95
Maximum temperature is 78
Minimum temperature is 65
Differential temperature is 13
Average temperature is 72
Distance is 11.44 feet (always in feet)
High alarm set point (HAL) is 900
Thermocouple temperature is 74
Thermocouple temp over-range flag (0: In range, 1: Out of range)
Low alarm set point (LAL) is 20
Target ambient temperature is 125
Data transmission interval is every 5 seconds
PRN Flag (0: PRN disabled, No data transmission, 1: PRN enabled,
Data communication active)
Current Infrared temperature is 73
Temperature engineering unit (CF:1 in Degree C, CF:0 in Degree F)
Temperature engineering unit (FF:1 in Degree F, FF:0 in Degree C)
Temperature over range flag
xxxx0xxx : In Range, Top
xxxxIxxx : Out of Range, Top
xxxxx0xx : In Range, Bottom
xxxxxIxx : Out of Range, Bottom
End of data string
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.14 Storing Temperature Data on Command
(OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
°F
The thermometer can store up to 800 temperature data
points on command. This data is stored in the non-volatile
memory, so removing the batteries will not affect or erase
this data. To store temperature data:
1.
Aim at the target and pull the trigger and press the
LOCK
key to lock the trigger. The
icon will appear
on the display.
2.
If necessary, press the
emissivity or press the
key to increment the target
C
key to decrement the target
F
emissivity.
3.
Press and hold the
FUNC
key until the Memory Display
Mode (MEM) appears.
4.
Press the
LOCK
key to store the target temperature at the
memory location indicated. You will hear a beep to
verify that the data is stored. Then the memory location is
incremented by one.
5.
After all data is taken, press and hold the
FUNC
key
until the Emissivity Display Mode (E) appears.
6.
Press the
LOCK
key to unlock the trigger or pull the
trigger twice at any time.
2-27
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.3.15 Logging Temperature Data in Real Time
(OS523E, OS524E,OS534E)
on
LCK
°F
The thermometer can log temperature data in real time. The
logged data is stored in the non-volatile memory, so
removing the batteries will not affect or erase the data. The
data is logged based on the data recording interval (PRN)
which can be set anywhere from 1 to 1999 seconds. The
thermometer can log up to 800 data points. Therefore, the
logging period can be anywhere from 13 minutes (1 second
recording interval) up to 18.5 days (1999 second recording
interval). To log temperature in real time:
1.
Aim at the target and pull the trigger. Press the
LOCK
key
or pull the trigger twice to lock the trigger. The
icon will appear on the display.
2.
Press the
or
C
F
keys to adjust the Emissivity
value for the target.
3.
Press the
FUNC
key until the
display mode
appears.
4.
Set the data recording interval (seconds) by pressing the
or
C
F
keys.
5.
Press the
FUNC
key until the LOG display mode appears.
6.
Press the
LOCK
key to start logging temperature data in
real time. The display will show LOG on, and the unit starts
logging data based on the recording interval set in the
display menu. Press the
LOCK
key again, and the
unit stops logging data. The display will show LOG off.
7.
After logging data, you can turn off the thermometer by
double clicking the trigger button. The
disappear and the unit turns off.
2-28
icon will
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
2.3.16 Erasing the Temperature Data from Memory
The user can erase all 800 temperature data points in
memory at any time by using the following procedure:
1.
Pull the trigger and press the
LOCK
key. The
icon will appear.
2.
Press the
FUNC
key until reaching the MEM or LOG
disply mode.
3.
Press the
then
LOCK
keys in rapid sequence. The
display shows ERASE on the top and it will beep to
indicate that the stored data is erased.
NOTE
Erasing the temperature data does not erase or
reset Emissivity, High and Low Alarm setpoints,
printing interval and Ambient Target Temperature
compensation
4.
After all data is erased from memory, double click
trigger to unlock the trigger.
2-29
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.4 Recall Mode (Passive Operation)
Definition: Recall Mode is the passive operational mode of
the thermometer. In this mode, you may review the most
recently stored temperature data and parameters.
Start
Sleep
Mode
Pull Trigger
Display Turns Off
Approx. 5 Seconds
(Release
Trigger)
Press
FUNC
(Table 2-1)
Real Time
Mode (Active)
Display Turns Off in
Approx. 5 Seconds
(No keys
pressed)
Recall Mode
(Passive)
(Table 2-2)
Figure 2-23. General Operational Block Diagram
NOTE
In order to get into the Recall Mode of operation,
press the
FUNC
key only. Do not pull the
trigger; otherwise, you will get into the Real Time (Active)
Mode of operation.
2-30
OS534E, OS523E, OS524E
OS533E
OS532E
OS530LE, OS530HRE
Emissivity
Last temperature
Distance (feet or meter)
Last temperature
Laser status
Last temperature
Maximum temperature
Last temperature
Minimum temperature
Last temperature
Differential temp
Last temperature
Average temperature
Last temperature
High alarm set point
Last temperature
Thermocouple temp
Last temperature
Low alarm set point
Last temperature
Ambient target temp
Last temperature
Data Trans. Interval
Last temperature
Memory location
Last temperature
Display shows:
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Go to
Press
FUNC
to...
LOCK
to...
Send stored
data to PC
Display stored
temp data
Disabled
Press
F
to...
Disabled
– Changes
temperature
between
°F and °C
– Disabled
or
Set Memory Location
C
Press C F
NOTE: The unit of measure (°F or °C) stays on (does not flash) during Recall Mode.
DISPLAY
MODE:
Recall Modes
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2
Table 2-2. Functional Flow Chart (Recall Mode)
2-31
2
Using the Handheld Infrared Thermometer
2.4.1 Reviewing the Last Parameters
The thermometer stores the last temperature measured in
the real time mode (refer to Table 2-1). This temperature
°F
can be recalled by pressing the
- Press the
FUNC
key.
key to review the most recently stored
FUNC
temperature data and parameters. You may review:
• MAX temperature
• MIN temperature
Calculated values
• dIF temperature
• AVG temperature
• TC temperature
• HAL temperature
• LAL temperature
Set values
• AMB temperature
• MEM location
2.4.2 Reviewing Previously Stored Temperature Data
(OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
You can review all 800 stored temperature values on the
thermometer display using the following procedure:
°F
1.
Press and hold the
FUNC
key until you see the Memory
Display Mode (MEM) appear.
2.
Press the
press the
key to increment the memory location or
C
F
key to decrement the memory location.
The memory location can be from 001 to 800.
3.
Press the
LOCK
key. The stored temperature is shown in
the lower portion of the display. If there is no data stored
in a memory location, the display shows “----”.
NOTE
If no keys are pressed, the thermometer goes into sleep
mode in approximately 5 seconds.
2-32
Laser Sighting
3
3.1 Warnings and Cautions
CAUTION
You may receive harmful laser radiation exposure if you
do not adhere to the warnings listed below:
• USE OF CONTROLS OR ADJUSTMENTS OR
PERFORMANCE OF PROCEDURES OTHER
THAN THOSE SPECIFIED HERE MAY
RESULT IN HAZARDOUS RADIATION
EXPOSURE.
• DO NOT LOOK AT THE LASER BEAM
COMING OUT OF THE LENS OR VIEW
DIRECTLY WITH OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS EYE DAMAGE CAN RESULT.
• USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN
OPERATING THE LASER SIGHTING.
• NEVER POINT THE LASER BEAM AT A
PERSON.
• DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPEN THE
THERMOMETER. THERE ARE NO USER
SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
• KEEP OUT OF REACH OF ALL
CHILDREN.
Refer to the inside back cover for product warning label.
3-1
3
Laser Sighting
3.2 Description
The Laser Sighting is built into the thermometer. It provides a visual
indication of the field of view of the thermometer. Aiming at distant
targets (up to 40 feet) becomes much easier by using the Laser
Sighting. It is offered in two different models, laser dot, and laser
dot/circle switchable. The Laser can be set to either flashing or
continous.
OS53x-CF and OS523-3 — Thermometer with built-in Laser Dot
All other models — Thermometer with built-in Laser Dot/Circle Switchable
Figures 3-1 and 3-2 show the side and front view of the thermometer with the
built-in laser sighting.
Laser
Dot/Circle
Switch
Laser
Power
Switch
Laser
Beam
Aperture
Figure 3-1. Right Side View
of the Thermometer
3-2
Figure 3-2. Left Side View
of the Thermometer
Laser Sighting
3
3.3 Operating the Laser Sighting
1. Set the laser power switch to the ON position as shown in
Figure 3-2.
2. Aim at the target and pull the trigger.
3. The laser beam and the red power indicator LED will turn on.
Refer to Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2.
The laser beam will stay on as long as the trigger is pulled.
If the trigger is locked (the LOCK key is previously pressed) or
released, the laser beam will turn off. In order to turn on the
Laser Sighting, pull the trigger again.
4. Depending on the model, the laser dot/circle switch allows the user
to switch between laser dot and laser circle. The laser dot provides
visibility at longer distances.
Figure 3-3 shows the two different laser configurations. The laser
Dot indicates the center of the field of view of the thermometer.
The laser Circle indicates the perimeter of the thermometer’s field
of view.
The visibility of the laser beam depends on the ambient light levels.
TM
Laser Dot
Laser Circle
Figure 3-3. Two Laser Configurations
3.4 Laser Sighting Status
In the LSR display menu, the status of the laser sighting is shown
either as Flashing (FLS) or continuous (on). Pressing the LOCK key will
change the status from flashing to continuous and vise versa. There is
a slide laser power switch on the left side of the thermometer's case.
Set the power switch to ON position, and pull the trigger. The laser
beam will stay on (either flashing or continuous depending on the
status) as long as the trigger is pulled. Releasing the trigger will
automatically turn off the laser beam.
3-3
3
Laser Sighting
NOTE
The Laser Sighting turns on only when used with the
thermometer. The module does not turn on by itself.
The line of sight of the thermometer does not coincide with that of
the Laser Sighting, as shown in Figure 3-4. The two lines of sight
become less critical when measuring distant targets. For example, at
30 feet from the target and a 3 foot diameter target size, there is a
2.7% offset error with respect to the target size. For close-up targets,
first make sure the target fills the laser circle, then point it with the
center of the beam approximately 1" below the center of the target.
A simple method to make infrared measurements is to scan the laser
beam across the target area vertically and horizontally and recall
measurements of maximum for hot and minimum for cold target
(compared to the background) to obtain the correct temperature.
Figure 3-4 Lines of Sight of the Laser Sighting and Thermometer
3-4
Sighting Scope
4
4.1 Sighting Scope
The Sighting scope is an accessory for the thermometer. It provides a visual
indication of the target being measured. Aiming at distant targets (up to 200
feet) becomes much easier by using the Sighting scope.
4.2 Installing and Operating the Sighting Scope
1. If the sighting scope is already installed on the thermometer,
go onto step 5.
2. The sighting scope comes with a pair of mounting clamps
already attached.
3. Slide the pair of mounting clamps over the ”V“ groove of the
thermometer from back to front as shown in FIG 4-1. DO NOT remove
the protective label from the laser sight power contacts.
4. Using the two mounting screws of the clamp, tighten the sighting scope
to the pair of clamps and the thermometer.
5. Look through the sighting scope at an arm’s length. You will see
a crosshair indicating the center of the target being measured.
6. Aim at the target and pull the trigger.
Since the sighting scope mounts on top of the thermometer, the line of
sight of the thermometer does not coincide with that of the sighting
scope, as shown in Fig. 4-1. The distance between the two lines of sight
(129⁄32") becomes less critical compared to the target size when
measuring distant targets (50 feet and longer).
4-1
4
Sighting Scope
Pair of Mounting Clamps
Line of sight of
the sighting scope
1 29/32 (48.4 mm)
Line of sight of
the thermometer
Figure 4-1. Installing the Sighting Scope
4-2
Maintenance
5
5.1 Replacing the Batteries
NOTE
When you change the batteries, all of the set parameters
(i.e. emissivity, high alarm, low alarm, Target Ambient
Temperature) will be reset to the default values. For your
convenience, you may want to write down all of the set
parameters BEFORE replacing the batteries.
The thermometer is powered by 4 standard AA size lithium
batteries. To replace the batteries:
1. Invert the thermometer and open the cover of the battery
compartment.
2. Remove the old batteries.
3. Install 4 fresh AA size (lithium or alkaline) batteries as shown in
Figure 2-1.
4. Close the battery compartment cover.
NOTE
When the battery power is so low that accurate measurements
are no longer possible, you must replace the batteries
immediately.
You will see and hear the following:
•
•
•
The
icon flashes
The thermometer beeps intermittently
The thermometer flashes "_ _ _" in the main
display.
Safety Warning
Do not open batteries, dispose of in fire, heat above
100°C (212°F), expose contents to water, recharge, put in
backwards, mix with used or other battery types – may
explode or leak and cause personal injury.
6-1
5
Maintenance
5.2 Cleaning the Lens
Although all lenses are quite durable, take care to prevent scratching
when cleaning them. To clean the lens:
1. Blow off loose particles, using clean air.
2. Gently brush off remaining particles, using a camel hair brush.
Alternatively, clean any remaining contaminants with a damp, soft,
clean cloth. Be careful not to rub too hard.
CAUTION
Do not use any ammonia or cleaners with ammonia on the lens,
as damage may result. Do not wipe the surface dry, as this may
cause scratching.
5.3 Calibrating the Thermometer
The thermometer can not be calibrated by the user. For precise
calibration of the thermometer, call our Customer Service
Department. It is recommended that the Infrared Thermometer
to be sent to the factory once a year for recalibration.
5.4 Servicing the Laser Sighting
Servicing and maintenance is not required to keep the laser
sighting in proper operating condition. In the event of a
malfunction, the unit should be returned to the manufacturer
for repair.
5-2
Troubleshooting Guide
6
THERMOMETER
Problem
Solution
The thermometer does
1a. Properly install fresh batteries.
not turn on (No Display)
1b. If operating under ac power, check
that the ac adapter is plugged in
properly to the ac wall outlet and to
the thermometer.
- The
icon
flashes.
- The thermometer
beeps intermittently.
- The thermometer
flashes in the
Main Display.
1c.
Make sure the batteries make good
contact - remove and reinstall the
batteries.
2.
Make sure that the trigger is pulled
completely.
1.
Properly install fresh batteries.
6-1
6
Troubleshooting Guide
Problem
Solution
The thermometer is
“locked up” (the
display is “frozen”).
Remove and reinstall the batteries or
disconnect and reconnect the ac
adapter.
The display is either
erratic or stays at
one reading.
1. Clean the thermometer lens.
Refer to Section 4.2.
2. Activate the Diagnostic routine of the
thermometer as follows (while looking
at room temp):
a. Pull the trigger and press the
to lock the trigger.
b. Press the
FUNC
key and
LOCK
LOCK
key
key at the
same time.
You can expect to see and hear the following:
• You will see the model and version
number “VER X.X” of the software for
about 1 second.
• You will hear a beep, “TST” is displayed.
• Soon after, all of the segments of the
display including the backlighting will
light up for about 1 second.
• The display will clear and a PAS (pass)
or ERR (error) code may be seen on the
display.
ERR1: Infrared temp reading is >150°F
or < 23°F.
ERR2: Ambient temp >122°F or < 32°F
ERR3: Can not read from EEPROM
memory
EER4: Can not write to EEPROM memory
☞
6-2
Troubleshooting Guide
Problem
6
Solution
The temperature reading
1. The thermometer has to stabilize
is erratic. The thermometer
before taking temperature
has just been moved from
measurements. It takes up to 30
one extreme temperature
minutes for the thermometer to
to room temperature [0°C
stabilize.
or 50°C (32°F or 122°F)]
or vice versa.
1. The thermometer has to stabilize
The temperature reading
before taking temperature
is erratic. The thermometer
measurements. It takes up to 20
has just been moved from
minutes for the thermometer to
room temperature
stabilize.
(ambient temperature) to a
temperature 10°C colder
or warmer.
No Laser Beam
1. Make sure the trigger is pulled
and the laser power switch is
turned on. (The red power LED
should be lit).
The Laser "line of sight"
does not coincide
with the center of the
target.
1. The line of sight and the center
of the target are offset by design.
(refer to Figure 3-4 and the
explanation above it for how
to compensate for this).
☞
6-3
6
Troubleshooting Guide
Notes
6-4
Specifications
7
(Specifications are for all models except where noted)
THERMOMETER
Measuring
Temperature
Range:
OS530HRE,
OS530LE,
OS533E, OS532E:
OS534E
OS523E
OS524E
-30°C to 121°C (-22°F to 250°F)
-23°C to 538°C (-10°F to 1000°F)
-23°C to 871°C (-10°F to 1600°F)
-18°C to 1371°C (0°F to 2500°F)
538°C to 2482°C (1000°F to 4500°F)
±1% of reading or
3°F whichever is greater
(2% Rdg for temp > 2000°F for OS524E)
Accuracy (24°C or 75°F
Ambient Temperature and
at emissivity of 0.95 or
greater):
Field of Vision:
OS532E, OS530LE
OS533E, OS530HRE
OS534E
OS53x-CF
OS523E-1
OS523E-2
OS523E-3
OS524E, OS534E-LR,
OS523E-LR
10:1
20:1
30:1
0.15"@6"
30:1
60:1
68:1
110:1
Repeatability:
± (1% rdg + 1 digit)
Resolution:
Response Time:
1°C or 1°F (0.1°C or °F for OS530HRE)
100 msec
Spectral Response:
8 to 14 microns (2 to 2.5 microns, OS524)
Thermocouple Input:
Type K, -18 to 871°C (0 to 1600°F)
(OS532E, OS533E, OS534E only)
Input Connection:
SMP Connector
Thermocouple Display
Accuracy @ 24°C (75°F)
Ambient Temperature:
±3°C (±5°F)
Thermocouple Display
Response Time:
Operating Ambient
Temperature:
2 seconds
0°C to 50°C
(32°F to 122°F)
Operating Relative
Humidity:
95% or less without condensation
Display:
Backlit LCD dual display
Keypad:
4 position, tactile feed-back membrane switch
7-1
7
Specifications
Average Temperature
Accuracy Time Period
30 days
(under continuous operation):
Emissivity:
0.10 to 1.00 in 0.01 increments,
set via keypad
Calculated Temperature
Values:
Maximum (MAX), Minimum (MIN),
Average (AVG), Differential (dIF),
Thermocouple (TC)
Ambient Target
Set and enabled via keypad
Temperature Compensation:(OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E)
RS232 Output (for
personal computers
and serial printers):
Standard on OS533E, OS534E, OS523E, OS524E
9600 bits per second, 8 bits of data,
1 stop bit, no parity
RS-232 Cable:
RJ12 to 9 pin D connector, Female
9 pin D connector Pin #
RJ12 Pin #
3 TX
4 RX
5 GND
2 RX
3 TX
5 GND
Analog Cable:
6 feet long; 2-conductor, 22 AWG
3.5mm male plug
Alarm:
Set and enabled via keypad
All models:
High alarm standard, with
audible and visual indication
OS533E, OS534E Low alarm standard, with
OS523E, OS524E: audible and visual indication
Data Storage:
OS534E, OS523E Up to 800 temperature data
OS524E:
points.
Aiming Feature:
”V” groove on top of the thermometer or use Laser
Sighting
Analog Output:
1 mV/°F or 1 mV/°C, set via keypad
(0.5 mV/Deg, OS524E)
Analog Output Accuracy:
±2mV reference to temperature display
Power:
4 AA size 1.5 volt batteries (lithium or alkaline)
Battery Type
Alkaline
Lithium:
General brand
Eveready Energizer, model number L91 BP-2
Battery Storage
Temperature
7-2
–40°C to 50°C (-40°F to 122°F)
Specifications
7
ac adapter:
Optional - 100 to 240 Vac. 50-60 Hz, UL, CE,
FCC, CE marketing
Output voltage:
9 Vdc at 1.7 A
Output plug (female):
Center positive, coax 2.0/5.5/10mm
–
Low Battery Indicator:
+
LOBAT icon and intermittent beep
Alkaline Batery Life at 24°C
(75·°F) ambient temperature
Without Laser Sighting
80 Hours, continuous operation
With Laser Sighting
15 Hours, continuous operation
With LCD backlight & no laser
24 Hours, continuous operation
With Built-in Distance Module
50 Hours, continuous operation
With Built-in Distance Moduler active
4 Hours, continuous operation
Lithium Batery Life at 24°C
(75·°F) ambient temperature
Without Laser Sighting
14 Days, continuous operation
With Laser Sighting
2.5 Days, continuous operation
With LCD backlight & no laser
4 Days, continuous operation
With Built-in Distance Module
8 Days, continuous operation
With Built-in Distance Moduler active
15 Hours, continuous operation
Sighting Scope
Magnification:
2x
⁄4"-20 UNC
Tripod Mount:
1
Wrist Strap:
Attached to the thermometer case
Soft Carrying Case:
Standard
Dimensions:
218.4 x 167.6 x 50.8 mm
(8.6" x 6.6" x 2.0" )
Weight:
0.585 kg (1.3 lbs)
7-3
7
Specifications
LASER SIGHTING
Wavelength (Color):
Operating Distance:
Laser Dot
Laser Circle
Max. Output Optical Power:
630-670 nanometers (red)
2 to 40 ft.
2 to 15 ft.
<1mW at 75°F ambient temperature,
Class II Laser Product
European Classification:
Class 2, EN60825-1
Maximum Operating Current: 25mA at 5.5 V
FDA Classification:
Complies with 21 CFR Chapter 1, Subchapter J
Beam Diameter:
5 mm
Beam Divergence:
<2mrad
Laser Configuration:
Dot/Circle switchable except for OS53x-CF
and OS523E-3 models
Laser Status:
Flashing or continuous, set via keypad
Operating Temperature:
0°C to 50°C (32°F to 122°F)
Operating Relative Humidity: 95% or less without condensation
Power Switch:
Slide switch, ON - OFF
Power Indicator:
Red LED
Power:
Supplied by the thermometer
Identification Label:
Located on the bottom of the thermometer
Warning & Certification Label: Located on the left side of the thermometer
(for the label layout, refer to the inside back cover)
DISTANCE MEASURING
Range:
Accuracy:
Units of Measure:
Sensor:
Power:
Battery Life:
Operating ambient
temperature:
Operating relative humidity:
Auto power shut off:
7-4
(Model HH-DM)
0.9 to 9 m (3' to 30')
1% of Rdg or 3 cm (0.1') whichever is greater
Meter or Feet – switchable via C button
Ultrasonic transducer
9 Volts Battery
50 hours, continuous
0 to 40°C
30 to 70% RH
Approx. 7 minutes after the last key press
Specifications
DISTANCE MEASURING
Size
Weight
Accuracy:
Units of Measure:
Sensor:
Power:
Battery Life:
7
(Built-in-DM)
133 x 73 x 33mm (5.25" x 2.87" x 1.3")
170 g Range: 0.9 to 9 m (3' to 30')
1% of Rdg or 3 cm (0.1') whichever is greater
Meter or Feet – switchable via keypad
Ultrasonic transducer
From infrared thermometer
4 hours, continuous (Alkaline Battery)
15 hours, continuous (Lithium Battery)
Operating ambient
temperature:
0 to 50°C
Operating relative humidity: Less than 80% RH
7-5
7
Specifications
Notes
7-6
Glossary of Key Strokes
Key(s)
Key(s) Functions
FUNC
•
Selects one of the following Display
Modes:
E , d-F, d-M, MAX, MIN, dIF, AVG, TC,
HAL, LAL, AMB, PRN, MEM or LOG.
LOCK
•
•
•
Locks/unlocks the trigger.
Enables/disables High & Low Alarm.
Enables/disables Target Ambient
Temperature Compensation.
Enables/disables sending data to the
personal computer or serial printer.
Stores temperature data on command.
Displays previously stored data.
Resets Min, Max, AVG values
•
•
•
•
C
F
Press the
the
8
LOCK
key &
FUNC
•
•
Increments the data or value displayed.
Turns on or off the backlighting (only in
MAX, MIN, dIF, TC or AVG Display
Modes).
•
•
Decrements the data or value displayed.
Changes the unit of measure from °F to
°C or vice versa (only in MAX, MIN, dIF,
TC or AVG Display Modes).
•
Allows you to go to the Diagnostic
key together
Press the
the
LOCK
&
Routine.
•
keys together
Press and Hold
C
F
Pull the trigger
Key
Allows you to erase all 800 stored
temperature data from the memory.
•
Reset the thermometer. It sets all
parameters to default values.
Release trigger
Release
C
F
Key
8-1
8
Glossary of Key Strokes
Notes
8-2
Appendix: How Infrared Thermometry Works
A
Thermal Radiation
Heat is transferred from all objects via radiation in the form of
electromagnetic waves or by conduction or convection. All objects
having a temperature greater than absolute zero
(-273°C, -459°F, 0 K) radiate energy. The thermal energy radiated
by an object increases as the object gets hotter. Measurement of this
thermal energy allows an infrared thermometer to calculate the
object’s temperature if the emissivity (blackness) is known.
Generally, it is convenient to measure the amount of radiated
energy in the infrared part of an object’s radiation spectrum.
Figure A-1 shows a block diagram of an infrared radiation
thermometer. Energy from the object is focused by the lens onto the
detector. As the detector heats up, it sends out an electrical signal,
which in turn is amplified and sent to the circuitry of the
thermometer. The thermometer software then calculates the
temperature of the object.
LENS
AMPLIFIER
THERMOMETER
CIRCUITRY AND
DISPLAY
OBJECT
DETECTOR
OR
SIGNAL OUTPUT TO SERIAL PRINTER
OR PERSONAL COMPUTER
Figure A-1. Infrared Thermometer Block Diagram
A-1
A
Appendix: How Infrared Thermometry Works
Blackbody
When thermal radiation falls on an object, part of the energy is
transmitted through the object, part is reflected and part is
absorbed. A blackbody is defined as an ideal object that absorbs all
the radiation incident upon it. The best example of a real object that
acts like a blackbody is a small hole drilled deep into a large opaque
cavity. Thermal radiation entering the cavity is internally reflected
and has little chance of escaping the cavity before it is fully
absorbed.
Emissivity is defined as the ratio of energy radiated by an object to
that of the energy radiated by a blackbody. By definition, the
emissivity of a blackbody is 1. Most objects are considered gray
objects with an emissivity between 0 and 1. Various emissivities for
common materials are shown in Appendix B.
Spectral Distribution
Objects radiate energy at
different wavelengths, but
not with constant intensity
at each wavelength. Figure
A-2 shows the energy
radiated by a blackbody at
various temperatures as a
function of wavelength. As
a body is heated, the
intensity of the radiated
energy increases and the
peak of the curve shifts
towards the shorter
wavelength end of the
spectrum. The total area
under a spectral
distribution curve is
emission from a blackbody versus wavelength.
proportional to the total Relative
The area under the curve corresponds to the total enerenergy radiated by the gy, and is proportional to the absolute temperature to
the 4th power. The peak of the spectral distribution
blackbody at a given
curve shifts to shorter wavelengths as the temperature
temperature.
increases.
Figure A-2. Blackbody Spectral Distribution
A-2
Appendix: How Infrared Thermometry Works
A
Wien’s Displacement Law describes the exact mathematical
relationship between the temperature of a blackbody and the
wavelength of the maximum intensity radiation.
λm =
2.898
T
where λm = wavelength measured in microns
T = temperature in Kelvin
Calculating Temperature
The net thermal power radiated by an object has been shown to
depend on its emissivity, its temperature and that of the ambient
temperature around the object. A very useful equation known today
as the Stefan-Boltzmann Law has been shown both theoretically and
empirically to describe the relationship.
I = thermal power in watts/meter2
ε = Emissivity
σ = 5.6703 x 10-8 watts/meter2 x K4 (Stefan’s constant)
T = temperature of object in Kelvin
Ta = temperature of ambient surroundings in Kelvin
The infrared thermometer uses this equation directly in calculating
the temperature of an object. The incident power is measured by the
infrared detector. The emissivity of the object is determined by the
user. The ambient temperature is measured by a sensor inside the
thermometer. With all quantities known, the thermometer uses the
Stefan-Bolzmann Law to calculate and output the temperature of the
object.
A-3
A
Appendix: How Infrared Thermometry Works
Optics Field of View
Accurate measurement of temperature via infrared means depends
strongly on the size of the object and the distance between the
thermometer and the object. All optical devices (e.g. cameras,
microscopes, infrared thermometers) have an angle of vision,
known as a field of view or FOV, within which they see all objects.
In particular, the thermometer will measure a fixed proportion of
the energy radiated by all objects within its FOV. The user must
guarantee that the distance between the thermometer and the object
is defined so that only that object fills the FOV of the instrument.
Referring to Figure A-3, Objects “X” and “Y” are within the FOV of
the thermometer. The measured temperature would fall somewhere
between the actual temperatures of the two objects. In order to
measure the temperature of Object “X” accurately, Object “Y”
would need to be removed. In order to measure the temperature of
Object “Y” accurately, the user would need to move closer to Object
“Y” until it completely filled the FOV of the thermometer.
Alternatively, the user could measure the temperature of Object “Y”
with a thermometer with a smaller FOV.
SPOT
SIZE
OBJECT "X"
FOV
ANGLE
OBJECT "Y"
DISTANCE
Figure A-3. Field of View of a Thermometer
The distance-to-spot size ratio (D⁄S) defines the field of view (FOV).
Thus, a D⁄S = 10 gives you approximately a 1 foot spot size at a
distance of 10 feet. For accurate spot size values, refer to the Field of
View diagrams shown in Figures 2-4 through 2-6.
A-4
Appendix: Emissivity Values
B
Table B-1 provides guidelines for estimating the emissivity of various
common materials. Actual emissivity, especially of metals, can vary
greatly depending upon surface finish, oxidation, or the presence of
contaminants. Also, emissivity or infrared radiation for some materials
varies with wavelength and temperature. To determine the exact
emissivities for most applications, follow the procedures in Appendix C.
Table B-1. Emissivity Table
METALS
Material
Emissivity (ε)
Aluminum – pure highly polished plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.04 to 0.06
Aluminum – heavily oxidized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.20 to 0.31
Aluminum – commercial sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.09
Brass – dull plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.22
Brass – highly polished, 73.2% Cu, 26.7% Zn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.03
Chromium – polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.08 to 0.36
Copper – polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.05
Copper – heated at 600°C (1110°F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.57
Gold – pure, highly polished or liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.02 to 0.04
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – polished iron . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.14 to 0.38
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – polished cast iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.21
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – polished wrought iron . . . . . . . . . . . 0.28
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – oxidized dull wrought iron . . . . . . . . 0.94
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – rusted iron plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.69
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – polished steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.07
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – polished steel oxidized at
600°C (1110°F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.79
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – rolled sheet steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.66
Iron and steel (excluding stainless) – rough steel plate . . . . . . . . . 0.94 to 0.97
Lead – gray and oxidized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.28
Mercury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.09 to 0.12
Molybdenum filament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.10 to 0.20
Nickel – polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.07
Nickel – oxidized at 649 to1254°C (1200°F to 2290°F) . . . . . . . 0.59 to 0.86
Platinum – pure polished plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.05 to 0.10
Platinum – wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.07 to 0.18
Silver – pure and polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.02 to 0.03
Stainless steel – polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.07
Stainless steel – Type 301 at 232 to 941°C (450°F to 1725°F) . . . 0.54 to 0.63
Tin – bright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.06
Tungsten – filament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.39
Zinc – polished commercial pure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.05
Zinc – galvanized sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.23
B-1
B
Appendix: Emissivity Values
Material
Emissivity (ε)
Asbestos Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.96
Asphalt, tar, pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.95 to 1.00
Brick – red and rough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.93
Brick – fireclay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.75
NONMETALS
Carbon – filament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.53
Carbon – lampblack - rough deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.78 to 0.84
Glass - Pyrex, lead, soda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.85 to 0.95
Marble – polished light gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.93
Paints, lacquers, and varnishes – Black matte shellac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.91
Paints, lacquers, and varnishes – aluminum paints . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.27 to 0.67
Paints, lacquers, and varnishes – flat black lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . 0.96 to 0.98
Paints, lacquers, and varnishes – white enamel varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.91
Porcelain – glazed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.92
Quartz – opaque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.68 to 0.92
Roofing Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.91
Tape – Masking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.95
Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.95 to 0.96
Wood – planed oak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.90
B-2
Appendix: Determining an Unknown Emissivity
C
In Appendix A, we showed how emissivity is an important
parameter in calculating the temperature of an object via infrared
means. In this section we discuss how to determine a specific
emissivity value. If you know the material of the object, use Table B1 in Appendix B to look up its approximate emissivity. Most organic
materials such as plastics, cloth, or wood have an emissivity of
about 0.95. For this reason, we use 0.95 as the default emissivity
setting in the OS530 Series Thermometer.
For objects of unknown material or for very precise measurements,
use one of the following methods to determine a specific emissivity
value.
Method 1
1.
Measure and record the temperature of the object using a contact
temperature probe such as a thermocouple or RTD.
2.
Aim the thermometer at the object.
3.
Adjust the emissivity until the temperature reading of the
thermometer equals the temperature measured in Step 1.
Method 2
1.
Heat the object (or at least a sample of the object material) on top
of a heating plate to a known temperature. Make sure the
thermometer and the air surrounding the heating plate are at the
same temperature.
2.
Measure the temperature of the object material with the
thermometer. Make sure that the object fills the FOV of the
thermometer.
3.
Adjust the emissivity until the temperature reading of the
thermometer equals the known temperature of Step 1.
C-1
C
Appendix: Determining an Unknown Emissivity
Method 3
1.
Use this method to measure objects at temperatures below 260°C
(500°F).
2.
Place a large piece of masking tape on the object (or at least a
sample of the object material). Allow time for the masking tape to
reach the object temperature.
3.
Set the emissivity of the thermometer to 0.95. Use the thermometer
to measure and record the temperature of the masking tape - Area
‘A’ in Figure C-1. Make sure that the area of the object covered
with masking tape fills the FOV of the thermometer.
Area 'A'
Target
Area 'B'
Target
Figure C-1. Determining Emissivity
C-2
4.
Aim the thermometer at Area ‘B’ as shown in Figure C-1 Make
sure that Area ‘B’ is as close as possible to Area ‘A’.
5.
Adjust the emissivity of the thermometer until the temperature
reading equals the temperature found in Step 3.
Appendix - Determining an Unknown Emissivity
C
Method 4
1.
Paint a sample of the object material with flat black lacquer paint.
2.
Set the emissivity to 0.97 and measure and record the temperature
of the painted portion of the sample material - Area ‘A’ in Figure
C-1. Make sure that the painted area of object material fills the
FOV of the thermometer.
3.
Aim the thermometer at another spot on the target - Area ‘B’ in
Figure C-1.
4.
Adjust the emissivity of the thermometer until the temperature
reading equals the temperature found in Step 2.
Method 5
1.
Use this method where practical to measure objects at
temperatures above 260°C (500°F ).
2.
Drill a 35 mm (1.5") diameter hole in a sample of the object
material to a depth of 127 mm (5"). This hole closely resembles a
blackbody (refer to Appendix A).
Drilled out
Area 'A' Target
Area 'B' Target
Figure C-2. Determining Emissivity with a Drilled Hole
3.
Set the emissivity to 0.97 and measure and record the temperature
of the hole in the sample material - Area ‘A’ in Figure C-2. Make
sure that the hole fills the FOV of the thermometer.
4.
Aim the thermometer at another spot on the target as close as
possible to Area ‘A’ (Area ‘B’ in Figure C-2).
5.
Adjust the emissivity of the thermometer until the temperature
reading equals the temperature found in Step 3.
C-3
C
Appendix: Determining an Unknown Emissivity
Notes
C-4
Index
I
A
D
ac Adapter Input Jack ............. 1-7
Active Operation ...................... 2-9
Aiming Sight “V Groove” 1-2, 1-5
Alarms ........................... 2-16, 2-17
Alkaline Batteries ...... 2-1, 5-1, 6-1
Ambient Target Temperature
Compensation .... 2-18, 2-19, 2-28
Analog Output Jack ................. 1-7
Diagnostic Program ......... 7-2, 9-1
Differential Measurement ...... 2-7
Display
Icons:
ATC ........................ 1-6
Backlighting .......... 1-6
HAL ....................... 1-6
LAL ........................ 1-6
LCK ........................ 1-6
LOBAT ...................1-6
PRN ........................ 1-6
Modes:
AMB ....................... 1-6
AVG ....................... 1-6
dIF .......................... 1-6
E ...............................1-6
HAL ....................... 1-6
LAL ........................ 1-6
MAX .......................1-6
MEM ...................... 1-6
MIN ........................ 1-6
PRN ........................ 1-6
Problems ................ 7-1, 7-2, 7-3
Distance
Built-in .......................2-14, 2-15
Meter (HH-DM) .........2-14, 2-15
Field of Views ........... 2-14, 2-15
Digital Video Camera................5-1
B
Backlighting Icon ...................... 1-5
Battery(s):
Compartment ........ 1-5, 2-1, 6-1
Installing AA size.......... 2-1, 5-1
Life of .................................... 8-3
Blackbody ................ A-2, A-3, C-3
Beeping Sound
2-16, 2-26, 6-1,
7-1, 7-2
C
Carrying Case ........................... 1-2
Chart Recorder Hookup ......... 2-8
Computer:
Parameters:
Speed, Data, Parity,
Stop Bit 2-21, 2-24, 2-26, 2-28,
2-31
Personal, Hookup .............. 2-20
Program (IRTM)
......................... 2-20, 2-21, 2-22
E
Emissivities:
Adjusting ............................ 2-12
Definition ............................. A-2
Figuring out Unknown ...... C-1
Values ................................... B-1
Erasing Temperature Data ... 2-28
Error Codes ................ 7-1, 7-2, 7-3
I-1
I
Index
F
K
Field of View:
Diagrams .................... 2-2 to 2-6
Positions ................................ 2-2
Fixed Point Monitoring over
Time Measurement ................ 2-8
Keypad, 4-position .................. 1-6
Keys:
▼ & °F-°C............................... 1-6
FUNC (Function) ................. 1-6
LOCK (Lock) ........................ 1-6
▲ & ❍-● ................................ 1-6
Key Strokes ............................... 9-1
G
Gray Bodies (Objects) ............. A-2
H
High Alarm Value, setting ............
.................................. 2-16, 2-27
I
Icons:
ATC ....................................... 1-6
Backlighting ......................... 1-6
HAL ........................................ 1-6
LAL ........................................ 1-6
LCK ........................................ 1-6
LOBAT .................................. 1-6
PRN ....................................... 1-6
Installing
AA Batteries ......................... 2-1
Laser Sight Module ...... 3-3, 3-4
J
Jacks
ac Adapter Input ................. 1-7
Analog Output ..................... 1-7
RS-232 Phone ........................ 1-7
I-2
L
Label Layout:
Danger & Certification ............
.....................Inside Back Cover
Laser Sight Module:
Laser Circle ........................... 3-3
Laser Dot .............................. 3-3
Installing onto
Thermometer ...................... 3-4
Line of Sight ......................... 3-4
Power Button ................ 2-2, 3-2
Problems .................... 7-1 to 7-3
Power Indicator LED.... 2-2, 3-3
Removing from
Thermometer .............. 3-4, 3-5
Status ................................... 2-15
Warnings and Cautions ...... 3-1
LCD, Backlit ................... 1-5 to 1-7
Lens Cleaning ........................... 6-2
Lines of Sight of the Module
and Thermometer .................. 3-4
Lithium Batteries ....... 2-1, 6-1, 8-3
Lock Function ......................... 2-12
Low Alarm Value, setting .... 2-17
Index
I
M
S
Main Display ............................ 1-4
Modes:
Real Time .............................. 2-8
Recall ........................ 2-23, 2-25
Moving Surface Scan ............... 2-7
Serial Printer Hookup .... 2-8, 2-20
Sleep Mode ..... 2-6, 2-9, 2-15, 2-29
Spectral Distribution .............. A-2
Spot Measurement ................... 2-7
Sighting Scope............................4-1
Static Surface Scan ................... 2-7
Stefan-Boltzmann Law ........... A-3
Storing Temperature Data ............
............ 2-20, 2-26, 2-27
O
Optics ........................................ A-4
P
Parameters, reviewing .......... 2-27
PAS Code .................................. 5-2
Passive Operation .................. 2-25
Personal Computer
Hookup ................................. 2-19
Power Contacts:
Cleaning ................................ 4-2
On Laser Sight Module .. 1-4, 4-2
Power Indicator LED ....... 2-2, 3-2
Printer, Serial, Hookup ......... 2-17
Temperature Data:
Erasing .................................2-28
Storing ........................ 2-26, 2-27
Thermal Radiation .................. A-1
Thermometer:
Front View..............................1-5
Various View .........................1-7
Tripod Thread Mount ............. 1-5
R
V
Real Time Mode Block
Diagram .................................. 2-8
Recall Mode Block Diagram ... 2-26
Replacing AA Batteries ........... 4-1
RS-232 Phone Jack ................... 1-6
Rubber Boot:
Display .................................. 1-4
IR Lens .................................. 1-4
“V” Groove Aiming Sight 1-5, 4-1
T
W
Wein’s Displacement Law ..... A-3
Wrist Strap ................................ 1-5
I-3
WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER
OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. warrants this unit to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of
25 months from date of purchase on the base unit and 13 months from date of purchase on Laser Sight Module.
OMEGA Warranty adds an additional one (1) month grace period to the normal product warranty to cover
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FOR WARRANTY RETURNS, please have the following information available BEFORE contacting
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1. P.O. number under which the product was
PURCHASED,
2. Model and serial number of the product under
warranty, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific
problems relative to the product.
FOR NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS, consult OMEGA for
current repair charges. Have the following information available BEFORE contacting OMEGA:
1. P.O. number to cover the COST
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3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
relative to the product.
PATENT NOTICE: U.S. PAT. D357,194; B1 5,368,392; 5,524,984; 5,727,880; 5,465,838; 5,823,678; 5,823,679; 6,123,453;
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to 0378446; 2 773 213 B1 / Germany M 94 06 478.4; G 94 22 197.9; G 94 22 203.7/ Italy RM940000913/ Japan 988,378/Holland
1007752; 25009-00/ Spain mod. ut. 0133292/ Slovak Republic 24565/ U.K. Registered 2041153; 9726133.3/ EPO 0 644,408 B2;
EP 1 085 307 A1. Other U.S. and Foreign Patents Pending.
OMEGA’s policy is to make running changes, not model changes, whenever an improvement is possible.
This affords our customers the latest in technology and engineering.
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LASER RADIATION
IS EMITTED FROM
THIS APERTURE
Warning and Certification Label
CAUTION
®
OMEGASCOPE
LASER RADIATION - DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM
OUTPUT <1 mW, WAVELENGTH 630-670 nm
CLASS II (2) LASER PRODUCT, COMPLIES
WITH FDA 21CFR 1040.10 & EN60825-1/11.2001
Label Location - refer to Section 3.2
Warnings and Cautions - refer to Section 3.1
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Refractometers
Pumps & Tubing
Air, Soil & Water Monitors
Industrial Water & Wastewater Treatment
pH, Conductivity & Dissolved Oxygen Instruments
M4088/0510