VBrick Systems VB6000 Series Instruction manual

VB4000-5000-6000 Series
Network Video Appliances
VBrick v4.3 MPEG-2 Appliance
Admin Guide
March 9, 2009
4410-0216-0002
Copyright
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
12 Beaumont Road
Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA
www.VBrick.com
This publication contains confidential, proprietary, and trade secret information. No part of this document may be
copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any machine-readable or electronic format without
prior written permission from VBrick. Information in this document is subject to change without notice and
VBrick Systems assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies. VBrick, VBrick Systems, the
VBrick logo, StreamPlayer, and StreamPlayer Plus are trademarks or registered trademarks in the United States and
other countries. Windows Media is a trademarked name of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other
countries. All other products or services mentioned in this document are identified by the trademarks, service
marks, or product names as designated by the companies who market those products. Inquiries should be made
directly to those companies. This document may also have links to third-party web pages that are beyond the
control of VBrick. Use these links at your own risk. The use of such links does not imply that VBrick endorses or
recommends the content of any third-party web pages. VBrick acknowledges the use of third-party open source
software and licenses in some VBrick products. This freely available source code is posted at http://
www.vbrick.com/opensource.
FCC Notice
This equipment carries the CE mark and is UL listed in the U.S. and Canada. This equipment has been tested and
found to comply with the limits for Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules, Class A for the
SDI Interface. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at their own expense. This Class A
digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Cet
appareil numerique de la Classe A respecte toutes les exigences do reglement dur le materiel brouilleur du Canada.
About VBrick Systems
Founded in 1997, VBrick Systems, an ISO 9001 certified vendor, is a privately held company that has enjoyed rapid
growth by helping our customers successfully introduce mission critical video applications across their enterprise
networks. Since our founding, VBrick has been setting the standard for quality, performance and innovation in the
delivery of live and stored video over IP networks—LANs, WANs and the Internet. With thousands of video
appliances installed world-wide, VBrick is the recognized leader in reliable, high-performance, easy-to-use
networked video solutions.
VBrick is an active participant in the development of industry standards and continues to play an influential role in
the Internet Streaming Media Alliance (ISMA), the MPEG Industry Forum, and Internet2. In 1998 VBrick
invented and shipped the world's first MPEG Video Network Appliance designed to provide affordable DVDquality video across the network. Since then, VBrick's video solutions have grown to include Video on Demand,
Management, Security and Access Control, Scheduling, and Rich Media Integration. VBrick solutions are
successfully supporting a broad variety of applications including distance learning and training, conferencing and
remote office communications, security, process monitoring, traffic monitoring, business and news feeds to the
desktop, webcasting, corporate communications, collaboration, command and control, and telemedicine. VBrick
serves customers in education, government, healthcare, and financial services markets among others.
Contents
MPEG-2 Admin Guide
Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Font Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Printer-Friendly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
1. Introduction
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
VBSSM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mixed Model Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Archiver and Recorder Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2. MPEG-2 Configuration
MPEG-2 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Optimizing MPEG-2 Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
MPEG-2 Configuration Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Configuration: Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Configuration: Network > Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Configuration: Network > Routing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Configuration: Network > Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Configuration: Network > IPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Configuration: Billboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Using the Billboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Billboard FTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Billboard URLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Billboard File Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Creating a Billboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Configuration: Decoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Configuration: Decoder > Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Configuration: Decoder > Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Configuration: Decoder > Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Configuration: Decoder > Picture-In-Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Configuration: Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Configuration: Encoder > Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Configuration: Encoder > Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Configuration: Encoder > Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Configuration: Encoder > Destination 1/Destination2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Configuration: Encoder > Announce (SAP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Configuration: Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: FTP File Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: Conferencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
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Configuration: Passthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Configuration: Passthrough > COM1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Configuration: Passthrough > COM2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Configuration: System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Configuration: System > General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Configuration: System > SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Configuration: System > Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Configuration: System > Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Configuration: Video On Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Configuration: Script Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Configuration: Script Management > Event Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Configuration: Script Management > Auto Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
3. SDI Configuration
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Configuration: Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Configuration: Encoder > Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Configuration: Encoder > Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Configuration: Decoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
4. Status
Status: System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Status: Network Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Status: Network Status > Codec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Status: Network Status > Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Status: Network Status > Network Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Status: Network Status > IPv6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Status: Decoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
MPEG-2 Decoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Status: Encoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
MPEG-2 Encoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Status: Hard Drive Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Status: Hard Drive Status > General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Status: Hard Drive Status > Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Status: Hard Drive Status > Recorder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Status: FTP Server Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Status: System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Status: System Log > Config. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Status: System Log > System Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Status: System Log > Traps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Status: System Log > System Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Status: User Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Status: User Information > Main Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Status: User Information > Slot1/Slot2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
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Contents
5. Diagnostics
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
User Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Diagnostics: Network Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Diagnostics: Network Tests > Ping Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Diagnostics: Network Tests > Trace Route Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Diagnostics: Network Tests > Data Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Diagnostics: Device Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Diagnostics: Decoder Color Bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Diagnostics: Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6. Maintenance
Maintenance: Device Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Maintenance: Default All Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Maintenance: Read/Write Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Maintenance: Read/Write > Read From Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Maintenance: Read/Write > Write To Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Maintenance: Change Usernames & Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Maintenance: Usernames & Passwords > Change Usernames & Passwords . . . . . . . . . 91
Maintenance: Usernames & Passwords > Change SNMPv3 Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
7. Maintenance Mode
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Maintenance Mode Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Maintenance Mode Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Maintenance Mode CLI Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
8. VBStar
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Recording vs. Archiving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
VBStar Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Configuration: Pump > General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Configuration: Pump > Destination 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Configuration: Pump > Announce (SAP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Configuration: Pump > Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
VBStar Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Using Mixed Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Filename Syntax Rules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Recording Batch Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Batch Wrap Point and Record Duration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Configuration: Recorder > General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Configuration: Recorder > Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Configuration: Recorder > Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
VBStar FTP File Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
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Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
VBStar Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
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Contents
MPEG-2 Admin Guide
This VBrick MPEG-2 Admin Guide is written for anyone who will be using or configuring a
VB6000 Series MPEG-2 VBrick appliance. This includes system administrators, network
technicians, and anyone who will be using or configuring a VBrick network video appliance.
VBrick encoder and decoder appliances are available in industry standard MPEG-2, MPEG4, and other formats. MPEG-2 appliances are used for delivering low delay, DVD quality
video over high bandwidth networks. MPEG-4 appliances are used for delivering low delay
television quality video over low and medium bandwidth networks. These products are
available in one and two channel configurations, as well as a combination encoder/decoder
that delivers two-way interactive video (MPEG-2 and MPEG-4). An optional hard drive
allows the video to be recorded at the source.
Organization
Introduction
Explains the basics. Provides general configuration
recommendations as well as how to cable the appliance and
connect it to the network.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Explains how to configure MPEG-2 video appliances using the
IWS web interface.
SDI Configuration
Explains how to configure Serial Digital Interface video
appliances using the IWS web interface.
Status
Explains all of the detailed status information available about
the network, the encoder, the decoder, the hard drive, etc.
Diagnostics
Explains how to run a variety of onboard diagnostics including
ping, traceroute, and decoder color bars.
Maintenance
Explains how to use various maintenance functions. These
reading and saving all configuration parameters and changing
user names and passwords.
Maintenance Mode
Explains maintenance mode and how it is used to recover if
errors occur during of after a firmware download.
VBStar
Explains how to use this MPEG-2 appliance with a hard drive
to record and pump high-quality video throughout your
network.
Getting Help
If you need help, or more information about any topic, use the online help system. The
online help is cross-referenced and searchable and can usually find the information in a few
seconds. Use the tree controls in the left pane to open documents and the up and down
arrows to page through them. Use the Search box to find specific information. Simply enter
one or more words in the box and press Enter. The search results will return pages that have
all of the words you entered—highlighted in yellow (Internet Explorer only). The Search box
is not case-sensitive and does not recognize articles (a, an, the), operators (+ and –), or
quotation marks. You can narrow the search by adding words.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
vii
If you can't find the information you need from the online help, or from your certified
VBrick reseller, you can contact VBrick Support Services on the web. Support Services can
usually answer your technical questions in 24 business hours or less. Also note that our
publications team is committed to accurate and reliable documentation and we appreciate
your feedback. If you find errors or omissions in any of our documents, please send e-mail to
documentation@vbrick.com and let us know. For more information about any VBrick
products, all of our product documentation is available on the web. Go to www.vbrick.com/
documentation to search or download VBrick product documentation.
Font Conventions
Arial bold is used to
Programs > VBrick
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VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Welcome
Chapter 1
Introduction
Topics in this chapter
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
VBSSM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mixed Model Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Overview
Congratulations on your purchase of VBrick System's MPEG-2 video networking product.
VBrick Systems provides high-quality video and audio encoders and decoders. VBrick also
provides software decoding on any PC through StreamPlayer or StreamPlayer Plus software.
The result is video that can be obtained from any source—whether a live camera feed, DVD
or VCR—and sent over a network (or LAN). This video can then be decoded by a hardware
appliance or Set Top Box and displayed on a television monitor, or it can be decoded through
StreamPlayer Plus software and displayed on any PC connected to the same network. The
VBrick appliance is based on a modular platform that allows a variety of models consisting of
MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 compression algorithms along with optional network interfaces (such
as SDI and hard drive for storage). This user guide is intended to cover all models and
provide instructions on initial setup and advanced parameter configuration.
Note The VBrick appliance consists of different hardware versions, distinguished by the last
digit of the part number -xxx0 or -xxx1/-xxx2 (see Status: User Information > Main
Board). When the part number is –xxx1/-xxx2 there can also be differences based on
the PLX EEProm revision 1 or 2-and-higher (see Status: Encoder Status or Status:
Decoder Status). Where differences occur, they are noted in the text.
VBSSM
VBrick Security and Surveillance Monitoring devices are video only—no audio. The VBSSMMP2 (MPEG-2) and VBSSM-MP4 (MPEG-4) encoders are ideal for security and surveillance
applications where full motion, high-quality video is required in a cost effective product. The
VBSSM is a compact, rugged and reliable video network appliance that supports temperature
ranges from -20 to 70°C. The VBSSM encoder accepts NTSC/PAL video, compresses it in
realtime and transmits the video digitally over an IP network. The video is then displayed on
TV monitors using numerous MPEG decoders, Set Top Boxes or on PCs through desktop
decoder software such as VBrick's StreamPlayer. VBSSM devices provide the following
features:
•
•
•
•
•
Full motion, high resolution DVD quality video.
IP Unicast or Multicast for streaming applications.
Integral web server for configuration and management.
Low delay encoding for end-to-end camera control - pan, tilt and zoom.
Utilizes Layer III QoS – Diff Serv for prioritizing video over IP networks.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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•
•
•
•
Video encoding rates configurable from 8 Kbps to 15 Mbps.
Transport and Elementary stream support.
Optional – video camera with pan, tilt and zoom.
Optional – 19 in. rack mount adapter (holds two across).
Table 1. VBSSM Models †
Model
Configuration
Description
9170-4200-000x
VBSSM-MP2
Ruggedized single channel MPEG-2 encoder.
9171-4200-000x
VBSSM-MP4
Ruggedized single channel MPEG-4 encoder with
audio. Same enclosure as VBSSM-MP2.
9172-4400-000x
VBSSM-MP2/4
MPEG-2 or MPEG-4. This device has a different
enclosure with a single video input that supports
two channels. It also supports RS-422 passthrough.
VBSSM-MP2 does not.
9174-4200-000x
VBSSM-MP4
No audio.
9175-4200-000x
VBSSM-MP4
With audio.
† See the VBrick Appliance Getting Started Guide for VBSSM rear panel drawings.
Mixed Model Appliances
In addition to dual devices (for example two encoders, or an MPEG-2 encoder and MPEG-2
decoder), VBrick supports mixed model appliances (for example a WM encoder and an
MPEG-4 encoder). VBrick appliance v4.1 software supports almost any combination of
VBrick devices in Slots 1 and 2 so you can mix and match as necessary. For example, you can
have a WM encoder in Slot1 and an MPEG-4 encoder in Slot2, or you can have an MPEG-2
encoder in Slot1 and MPEG-4 decoder in Slot2. The only exception is that you cannot have a
WM encoder and an MPEG-4 decoder in the same appliance. In general, encoders are installed in
Slot1; decoders are installed in Slot2. WM encoders, if present, are always installed in Slot1.
Note VBrick WM, MPEG-2, and MPEG-4 appliances all run the same codebase. The
configurable options and user interface vary according to the type of appliance (e.g.
MPEG-2, MPEG-4, etc.) on which the code is installed.
Archiver and Recorder Functionality
Archiver/Recorder functionality may be different in mixed model appliances depending on
how the slots are populated. In other words, the behavior of the device in a given slot may
change depending on what combination of appliances are installed. See Figure 1 below and
note the following distinctions:
•
•
•
2
An archiver only records from an associated encoder. For example, a WM Archiver is
associated with a specific WM encoder.
A recorder is not associated with any encoder. It independently records one stream at a
time from an encoder, a decoder, or from the network.
On MPEG-4 appliances, there is no archiving or recording.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Introduction
Figure 1. Archiver/Recorder Functionality
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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4
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 2
MPEG-2 Configuration
Topics in this chapter
MPEG-2 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Configuration: Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Configuration: Billboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Configuration: Decoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Configuration: Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Configuration: Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: FTP File Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: Conferencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Configuration: Passthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Configuration: System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Configuration: Video On Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Configuration: Script Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
MPEG-2 Overview
The basic VBrick MPEG-2 appliance consists of one or more of the following components.
Note that the screens you see in IWS will vary depending on the model and how the
appliance is configured.
1. A main controller card with the following:
• 10/100Base-T Ethernet network interface.
• Two slots for encoder and/or decoder boards.
2. Optional Interfaces:
• MPEG-2 encoder.
• SDI Serial Digital interface for encoders and decoders.
• MPEG-4 encoder.
• MPEG-4 decoder.
• WM Encoder.
• VBStar which includes a hard drive and FTP.
Note VBrick appliances have a number of optional hardware accessories, including the
AudioMate microphone, Remote Control devices, and cameras. These work directly
with VBrick appliances or through the use of ActiveX control software, also available
from VBrick.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Table 2. IWS Configurable Options
Option
Applicable Model
Network
All VBrick models.
• Ethernet.
Billboard
Only on models which have decoders.
Decoder
Single or dual:
• Ethernet MPEG-2.
• Ethernet MPEG-4.
• SDI MPEG-2 (see SDI Configuration).
Encoder
Single or dual:
• Ethernet MPEG-2.
• SDI MPEG-2 (see SDI Configuration).
Pump
VBStar models only (see VBStar).
Recorder
VBStar models only (see VBStar).
FTP File Transfer
VBStar models only (see VBStar).
Conferencing
Encoder and decoder combination models only.
Passthrough
All VBrick models.
System
All VBrick models.
Video on Demand
Decoder models only.
Script Management
All VBrick models.
Optimizing MPEG-2 Performance
VBrick appliances are designed to accommodate a variety of configurations. Options such as
Hard Disk record and playback, and FTP file serving capability are fully meshed together,
supporting a diverse set of applications. VBrick unit's configuration choices enable the widest
range of features and capabilities and are designed to provide the user with a high degree of
flexibility. In some extreme cases, users can create configurations that exceed the normal
processing capacity of the unit causing it to not perform optimally. VBrick units provide
statistical counters and status variables indicating current device utilization and can even be
configured to report SNMP trap alarm conditions when these situations occur. Corrective
action usually involves the reduction of a video rate or disabling a channel, easily performed
via the IWS or CLI user interface. Under abnormal operating conditions, VBrick units
provide total system protection against any integral damage and guarantee management
connectivity via IWS or CLI.
In general, MPEG-2 video quality improves when video rate is increased. Significant video
quality improvements are noticeable when moving between 1.2 and 5 megabits per second
video rates. The video quality improvement becomes less noticeable when moving from
medium rates to higher video rates (from 5–9 Mbps.) with most of the improvement
occurring only during high motion video scenes. In essence, video quality is very subjective
and relates to other components such as the response of the human eye, the quality and
original content and signal, and the quality of the decoder and monitor. As a general rule, use
the lowest video rate that best suits the application.
6
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
The following information represents guidelines for product configuration limitations, with
regard to specific unit types. When configuring VBrick units, close attention must be paid to
the total transport rate of all sources both entering and exiting the unit. In most cases the
sum of all entering and exiting MPEG-2 data traffic should be closely monitored and kept to
a minimum whenever possible. Once a configuration is decided upon and applied to the unit,
the user can check the status of processor and device load via the IWS or CLI. The CPU
utilization and overloaded status variables are an excellent indication on the overall unit's
health. If the CPU utilization is high or the overloaded condition is occurring, the user may
simply reduce video transport rates and re-run the test. As a part of regular maintenance,
users should periodically check the CPU utilization, overloaded and buffer full count status
variables to ensure the unit remains within its operating limits.
MPEG-2 Configuration Recommendations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Maintain video rates at optimum levels. High rates do improve quality. VBrick
recommends rates that use the lowest possible rate which gives acceptable quality. For
MPEG-2, rates between 5–7 mbps exhibit excellent video quality.
Avoid setting the transport rate manually. Use the automatic transport rate calculation
mode (default operation).
The maximum MPEG-2 transport rate of 17 megabits per second should be used
judiciously.
When using the hard drive, especially for recording, keep other device functions to a
minimum to avoid discontinuities in the recorded content.
Recording high video rate streams consumes hard drive space and limits the recording
duration significantly. Additionally, high video rate streams require faster hard drive
access times and are more prone to video dropouts.
Periodic re-formatting of the hard drive will improve overall disk performance by
reducing disk fragmentation, much like a computer behaves.
Hard drive pump and record functions are designed to be mutually exclusive. When
operating at medium to low rates it may be possible for the hard drive to pump and
record simultaneously but it is not recommended.
Encoding from and sending to multiple destinations consumes additional system
resources. Furthermore, a 4300 VBrick unit with dual encoders is capable of sending 4
streams but will not be able to sustain operation at the highest transport rates.
Increasing the IP video packet size improves overall performance both in Ethernet
Mode. Please check with your network administrator first before deciding on what size is
best for your network.
Absolute Maximum Transport Rates
This table provides the absolute maximum transport rates for given configurations.
Table 3. Maximum Transport Rate by Configuration
Model
Dest1, Dest2
Slot #1
Decoder
Slot#2
Recorder
FTP Active Player /
Pump
6200
17,0
17
0
No
0
6200
15,15
15
0
No
0
6200
13,0
13
13
No
0
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Model
Dest1, Dest2
Slot #1
Decoder
Slot#2
Recorder
FTP Active Player /
Pump
6200
12,0
12
12
Yes
0
6200
11,0
11
0
No
11
6200
9,0
9
0
Yes
9
6200
11,11
11
11
No
0
6200
10,10
10
0
No
10
4300
17,0
17,0
0
No
0
4300
11,11
11,11
0
No
0
4300
13,0
13,0
13
No
0
4300
11,0
11,0
0
No
11
4300
9,9
9,9
9
No
0
4300
8,8
8,8
0
No
8
5300
17
17
0
No
0
5300
13
13
13
No
0
5300
14
14
0
No
14
Note All values are shown in Mbps. A rate of 0 indicates "off" condition. Configurations
other than the above may operate at higher rates than indicated. IWS operation may
become sluggish due to its lower system priority.
Configuration: Network
Configuration: Network > Ethernet
8
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Network DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol – (Enable, Disable). On
Ethernet models, if DHCP is enabled, the VBrick gets its IP
Address or Network Timer Server and Subnet Mask from the
DHCP server. If the DHCP server supplies the Gateway Address
or DNS server address, these parameters will replace the user
entered Gateway and DNS Time Server settings. If DHCP is
enabled and the VBrick cannot obtain an IP address from the
server, the VBrick will start in limited run mode after two
minutes, using its default IP Address of 172.17.5.5. After 15
minutes, it will automatically reset and again attempt to acquire
an address. The LCD screen on the front of the VBrick will
indicate a DHCP failed message. Note: The VBrick appliance
requires a minimum DHCP lease length of 8 minutes to work,
however it is recommended to extend the lease time to what is
maximally available via the network to avoid disruptions.
DHCP Retry Delay
See above. Use to adjust the time before the appliance will reset
and attempt to acquire an IP address. Range 3–15. Default = 15.
IP Address
IP Address of the VBrick.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask for the VBrick address.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Gateway IP Address
Valid gateway IP Address for communicating across distinct
network segments. A valid gateway IP address is essential even
though the VBrick will operate without one in some cases. When
no gateway is configured, the VBrick may be unable to
communicate with off-net IP hosts, for example, a foreign host
which is used for configuration management via IWS.
VBrick Host Name
The Host Name defaults to the Media Access Control (MAC)
address, a hardware address that uniquely identifies each node of
a network. The VBrick's Host Name acts to identify the VBrick
to various network applications including DHCP, SNMP and
VBrick application tools. Note: The Host Name syntax can be a
maximum of 18 characters, the first character must be a letter and the rest
can be letters, numbers or hyphens.
Network Interface
Speed
Note: The settings for Interface Speed and Interface Type are
interdependent. They must both be set to Automatic or they
must both be set manually. Manual settings should be used only
in the rare case when the VBrick is attached to network
equipment that does not support auto negotiation. The VBrick's
capabilities may be limited when its Ethernet link is at 10 Mbps
and/or Half Duplex. If auto negotiation fails, the VBrick defaults
to 10Mbit, half duplex and attempts "parallel detection," an
alternative way to sense speed. Status parameters are available on
the network status screen to indicate the state of the link and the
current configuration of the Ethernet hardware. In auto mode,
they reflect the results of the negotiation and in manual mode
they follow the configuration options.
(10Mb, 100Mb, Automatic). This allows the Ethernet interface of
the VBrick to be manually forced to 100 Mbps or 10 Mbps. The
default setting is Automatic which enables auto negotiation in the
VBrick so it will automatically match its speed setting to the
speed of the switch or hub to which it is attached. Automatic is
the default and recommended setting.
Network Interface Type Half-Duplex/Full-Duplex/Automatic. This allows the Ethernet
interface of the VBrick to be manually forced to Full Duplex or
Half Duplex. The default setting is "Automatic" which enables
auto negotiation in the VBrick so it will automatically match its
duplex setting to that of the switch or hub that it is attached to.
Automatic is the default and recommended setting. In order for
the Network Auto Negotiate feature to work effectively, the
Ethernet switch must also support auto negotiation. A manually
configured switch will only allow the VBrick to discover the
connection speed—not the mode (full or half duplex).
10
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Maximum Transmission
Unit Size
Range 1024–1500 (default = 1500). The MTU is used for all
network traffic from the VBrick and defines the largest network
packet size that will be transmitted. A higher MTU brings higher
bandwidth efficiency and VBrick recommends using the default.
However you may wish to reduce MTU size to meet the
requirements of some networks with VPN or other security
tunnels that cannot tolerate 1500-byte packets. Note that
MPEG-2 video playback on Vista PCs may be suboptimal with
small MTU sizes.
Domain Name Server
Primary Server IP
Address
This is the primary server used for DNS.
Secondary Server
IP Address
This is the secondary server used for DNS.
Default Domain
Extension
This is the domain name used for DNS. Note that you can use the
default (blank) values for these items.
Network Time Synchronization
These fields are used to synchronize network time using the host name or IP address of a
known server to provide a synchronized time for all appliances in the network. To enable
Network Time Synchronization after these parameters are set, go to Configuration: System >
General on page 42 and check the box.
Note To Network Administrators. DHCP Option 4 is used by the DHCP server to return
SNTP server addresses. This option must be enabled in the DHCP server for these
addresses to be returned to the VBrick. If the DHCP server configuration is unknown,
it is recommended that the address(es) be manually entered since the DHCP serversupplied address will always override a manually-entered address.
Primary Server IP Address
or Host Name
Primary host name (VBrick Host Name or DNS Host Name)
or IP address of valid SNTP server providing time
synchronization. A blank field indicates the server address
will be acquired via the DHCP server only if the Network
DHCP field above is checked.
Secondary Server IP
Address or Host Name
Secondary host name (VBrick Host Name or DNS Host
Name) or IP address of valid SNTP server providing time
synchronization. A blank field indicates the server address
will be acquired via the DHCP server only if the Network
DHCP field above is checked.
Configuration: Network > Routing
The MPEG-2 Appliance requires no routing configuration for the vast majority of network
uses. Use these settings only in those rare cases when your network requires advanced routing
features in the appliance.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Routing Method
This selects which routing method will be used: Changes made to the
Routing Method will require a reset of the box.
• Static – Allows routes entered in the static routing table to be
automatically applied to the internal routing tables, after a powerup.
• RIP Version 1 – Configures the VBrick to listen to RIP
announcements. Routes are dynamically added per RIP
specification.
• RIP Version 2 Broadcast – Configures the VBrick to listen to RIP
version 2 announcements. In this mode, RIP will perform classless
routing based upon subnet mask.
• RIP Version 2 Multicast – Configures the VBrick to listen to RIP
version 2 announcements that are sent in multicast mode. Both
broadcast and multicast announcements are processed.
Static Routing
Table
This table provides for user defined routing entries.
• Destination Network – Enter the destination address to be
manually routed.
• Local Gateway IP – Enter the Gateway to be used, when the
forwarding destination address is as specified.
• Network Mask – Sets the network mask to be associated with the
destination address.
• Error – This read-only field is used to report field entry error
related to the route.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Configuration: Network > Management
These parameters define information used in the SAPs emitted by the VBrick, which are
received by the VBDirectory management tool (see the VBDirectory User Guide) and other
VBrick applications such as the ETV Portal Server.
Group Name
Optional. This parameter defines the Group Name. It is included in
the Management SAPs used by VBDirectory. It is used for organizing
VBricks into groups to simplify use of VBDirectory.
Unit Number
Optional. The appliance unit number (range 0–2147483647) is used to
identify each VBrick in a group.
Management SAP
Used by VBDirectory or MCS to detect the unit for the purpose of
remote management. The following parameters apply.
Transmit Enable
This parameter controls the transmission of the Management SAPs
(Enable or Disable).
Retransmit Time
This parameter defines the Management SAP Retransmit Time.
Time to Live
The number of hops (between routers) for which a Management SAP
is valid on the network.
Type of Service
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP header to
establish packet priority in the network.
IP Address
This parameter defines the Destination IP Address for Management
SAPs.
Port
This parameter defines the Destination Port for Management SAPs.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Configuration: Network > IPv6
In the current implementation of IPv6, MPEG-2 encoded streams can be unicast over IPv6
to an IPv6-enabled version of VBrick StreamPlayer. In this version, you continue to manage
and configure the appliance over IPv4.
IPv6 Auto Config Enable Enable IPv6. When enabled, the IPv6 parameters for IP
Address and Gateway IP Address are automatically set. This is
the recommended method.
IP Address
IPv6 IP address of the VBrick.
Gateway IP Address
Valid gateway IPv6 IP address for communicating across
distinct network segments. A valid gateway IP address is
essential even though the VBrick will operate without one in
some cases. When no gateway is configured, the VBrick may be
unable to communicate with off-net IP hosts, for example, a
foreign host which is used for configuration management via
IWS.
Configuration: Billboard
The Billboard feature allows you to display text and/or graphics on a TV monitor. The
displayed billboard can span multiple pages with each page displayed for a specified period of
time. Some uses of the billboard feature are to announce a daily calendar of events, directions
to a particular conference room or even a slide presentation in conjunction with displayed
video. VBrick models 62xx, 52xx and 53xx have a built in mini-browsers that support viewing
limited HTML pages. The pages can either be kept inside the VBrick as part of the file
system, or can be located on a remote HTTP server. Each page of the billboard is built using
an HTML page with text and graphics created using the HTML tags supported. If billboard is
to be supported on a remote server, the appliance requires read access to the HTTP server
and may need to be configured. The following URL example shows the default page preconfigured by VBrick.
14
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
On/Off
Turn Billboard on or off.
IR
Enable the IR remote control. If enabled you can turn the Billboard
on or off using the remote.
URL
The local or external URL of the Billboard page.
Using the Billboard
Billboard may be invoked in several ways. Either use the PC browser to communicate with
the VBrick Integrated Web Server (see separate section) to apply the billboard and turn it on
and off, or press the Billboard key on the optional remote control to toggle it on and off. Use
of the remote can be enabled or disabled through the configuration. Using IWS (or the
VBrick SDK) an administrator can turn on a particular billboard remotely, and prevent
anyone else from using a remote to toggle it on/off. If you have a dual decoder system, the
remote has keys to select between two decoders.
By turning the billboard on/off, the saved URL is invoked and the browser will attempt to
display the resulting page. The URL can be configured to be a local file with the prefix ‘file:/
/' or point to remote server with the prefix http://. The default billboard is assumed to be a
file located within the VBrick file system, file://./BB01/VB_1.HTM. If the billboard URL
points to a file within the VBrick, the filename has to follow the DOS 8.3 filename
convention (i.e. limited file name length). The valid extensions supported by the billboard are
.HTM, .JPG, .GIF, and .BMP. It is common for the billboard pages to have an .HTM
extension. Remote URLs are restricted to 255 characters.
Billboard FTP
It is possible to use FTP (File Transfer Protocol) to modify the contents of one of the preconfigured Bulletin Board files resident on the VBrick. Use the browser to FTP files, or any
of the many FTP applications. Enter in the browser window:
FTP://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
(where x is the IP address of the VBrick appliance).
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Use the Username and Password (default is case sensitive admin, admin) to login to the
VBrick. BB01 through BB16 are directories established to receive Billboard content. It is
possible to cut and paste new contents to a Billboard location from a file located anyplace on
the network or on the computer. To view the contents on the VBrick, change the URL in the
Billboard Section of the Integrated Web Server. In this example, the URL for the new file in
IWS Configuration: Billboard would read: file://./BB03/atm.gif.
Billboard URLs
A URL for the billboard is much like a URL on the Internet. URLs can be local or remote,
and typically point to the source of the billboard to be displayed.
Local URL
A local URL points to a file within the VBrick, which can be downloaded to the VBrick using
a FTP utility program. All local URLs begin with: file://. There are sixteen pre-configured
directories to place custom billboards inside the VBrick. The billboard directories are named
BB01 to BB16.
Example 1
A single page billboard is placed in BB01. It requires one image file. The billboard page is
named VB_1.HTM. The URL, which is not case sensitive, to enter in the Billboard URL box
is: file://./BB01/VB_1.HTM
Example 2
A multi-page billboard is placed in BB01. It requires four image files, one for each page. The
billboard pages are named VB_1.HTM, VB_2.HTM, VB_3.HTM, and VB_4.HTM. Each file
is connected to the next page within the html file using the legal syntax. The URL to enter in
the Billboard URL box is: file://./BB01/VB_1.HTM
Remote URL
Example 1
A single page billboard on a remote server with IP Address 172.16.2.79. The name of the
billboard file is VB_1.HTM. The resulting URL is therefore: http://172.16.2.79/VB_1.HTM
Example 2
A single page on a remote server called www.VBrick.com. The folder name is "billboards".
The name of the billboard file is VB_1.HTM. The resulting URL is therefore:
http://www.VBrick.com/billboards/VB_1.HTM
Billboard File Types
The file types supported are html (.htm), JPEG (.jpg), GIF (.gif) and windows bitmap (.bmp).
Progressive GIF and JPEG are not supported. For the mini-browser to display the images,
the images have to be BMP, GIF, or JPG. Dynamically generated web pages are supported as
long as the output is pure HTML and uses HTML tags that are part of the set as described
below. The server side engine must generate the page. JavaScript and VBScript are not yet
supported. Functions that require these features, like "mouseover", or "onclick" are not
supported.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Creating a Billboard
A billboard that fits on one screen (640 x 480 resolution) can be created using the following
HTML tags:
A
DIR
H3
IMG
PRE
AREA
DL
H4
INPUT
SCRIPT
B
DT
H5
LI
SELECT
BASE
EM
H6
MAP
SMALL
BIG
FONT
HR
MENU
STRONG
BLOCKQUOTE
FORM
HTML
META
STYLE
BODY
TH
TITLE
NOBR
NOFRAMES
TABLE
BR
FRAME
FRAMESET
CAPTION
HEAD
TR
OL
TEXTAREA
CENTER
H1
U
OPTION
UL
DD
H2
I
P
TD
The billboard text generated by the browser is Times Roman. The Font sizes supported are
<Font Size = 1> to <Font size = 7> . Background color and images are also supported. The
standard HTML 16 color palette can be referred to by name, and other colors will be
matched to the nearest color of a standard 232-color template. When creating billboards,
please test your billboard for effect on all types of monitors on which it is going to be
presented. S-Video output and Composite output from the V-Brick are supported.
Video Input
S-Video output from the VBrick to S-Video Input on the television yields the best picture to
the TV monitor. If you do have S-Video input into your television set, it is recommended you
use the S-Video output from the VBrick to the television. Most televisions also support
composite input. The overlay image as used in the billboard can sometimes have the effect of
"flicker" if the font is too small and used on a regular television. This is a product of the
output video signal and the television. On higher-grade monitors, the effect is significantly
reduced.
Font Sizes
It is recommended that font size 5 be used on the billboard. The VBrick has two types of
video output signals. If S-Video out is used, the picture is significantly better than the
Composite out. Text and graphics tend to appear sharper and do not flicker in S-Video as
much as they do in the composite out. If a flickering effect makes your font unreadable, make
it larger. Making the font bold or <STRONG> will reduce the effect of the flicker.
•
•
•
•
The drawing area for Billboard is about 600X400 pixels.
With a font size of 7, 8 lines of text fit on the screen.
With a font size of 6, 13 lines of text lines fit on the screen.
With a font size of 5, 18 lines of text fit on the screen.
Transparent Background
A web page can be created with a transparent background. The video will show through and
any text or images will appear on top of the video. A custom META tag is used to support
this feature. In the <HEAD> portion of the HTML page, enter the following. The chosen
background color will then be overwritten by the transparent color.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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<META HTTP-EQUIV="TRANSPARENT" CONTENT="YES">
Configuration: Decoder
Configuration: Decoder > Video
The VBrick decoder is used to uncompress MPEG streams and display them on a TV or
monitor.
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Decoder Video
Format
The format can be configured to be NTSC (30fps), PAL (25fps) or
PAL-M (30fps). PAL-M is a video format standard used in Brazil. The
main difference between PAL and PAL M is a lower resolution (525
lines instead of 625) and a higher frame count (30 frames per second
at 60Hz versus 25 frames per second at 50Hz). Note: Changing and
applying this parameter will cause the VBrick to reset.
Logo Display
Lets you display the VBrick logo on the decoder output (monitor).
VBrick provides a Logo Customization Utility (available on the
website) if you want to create an individualized logo.
No Data Mode
This allows setting the screen for a decoder with no video input to
having either the last screen appear either frozen or blank.
Closed Caption
This setting enables or disables closed captioning. Closed Captioning
does not operate when the Picture in Picture feature is selected. It is
necessary to disable PIP. In SIF mode only CC1 and CC2 are valid.
CC3 and CC4 fields are not supported.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Configure PID
MPEG-2 transmits its data in packets of 188 bytes each. At the start of
each packet is a packet package identifier (or PID) that identifies the
data stream associated with that packet. Because the MPEG-2 data
stream might contain multiple video programs, the decoder has to
choose a particular video channel to play. The PID selection provides
that feature. If the user selects the automatic option, the first video
PID identified will be used to select the video channel.
Actual PID
Actual PID being played. This read-only parameter is of interest when
the user selects automatic. A value of 8191 indicates the PID has not
yet been established.
Configuration: Decoder > Audio
The audio selection provides for the control and configuration of the decoded audio stream.
Output Mode
The audio output mode can be one of five possible setting as shown
below. Stereo directs the incoming left audio channel to the left
output, and the incoming right audio channel to the right output. Mix
combines the left and right audio channels and directs the combined
output to both the left and right audio channels. Left selects the input
left audio channel and sends it to both the left and right output
channels. Right selects the input right audio channel and sends it to
both the left and right output channels. Mute suppresses audio output.
The Dual to options are only operational on an input stream that was
encoded in Dual audio mode; otherwise, the Output Mode is
determined by the corresponding audio encoder setting.
• Dual to Stereo
• Dual to Mix
• Dual to Left
• Dual to Right
• Mute
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Output Level
Hardware-dependent; not shown on all models. Changes the range of
values for Left and Right Gain.
Normal – 14 dB to -48 dB (+14 to -48 on some decoder models).
Alternate – 8 dB to -54 dB (+14 to -48 on some decoder models).
Left Gain
Used to adjust volume. Default = 0.
Right Gain
Used to adjust volume. Default = 0.
Configure PID
MPEG-2 transmits its data in packets of 188 bytes each. At the start of
each packet is a packet identifier (or PID) identifies the data stream
associated with that packet. Because the MPEG-2 data stream might
contain multiple audio programs, the decoder has to choose a
particular audio channel to play. The PID selection provides that
feature. If the user chooses the automatic PID option, the first audio
PID detected will be used to select the audio channel.
Actual PID
Actual PID being played. This read-only parameter is of interest when
the user selects automatic. A value of 8191 indicates the PID has not
yet been established.
Configuration: Decoder > Network
These parameters are decoder level IP parameters that instruct the decoder which IP stream
to decode on TV monitors.
Source-Specific Multicast
Source-specific multicast is enabled by IGMPv3 and provides a way to share a limited
number of multicast addresses. You must have an IGMPv3 network. Source-specific multicast is
designed for multicasting across networks and has no benefit when sharing multicast
addresses on the same subnet (unless your router supports IGMPv3 snooping). Multicast
addresses in the 232/8 (232.0.0.0 to 232.255.255.255) range are reserved for source-specific
multicast.
Source-specific multicast lets your decoder associate a multicast address with a specific
source encoder IP address. (Note that the source multicast encoders must be on a different
network than the decoders.) Source-specific multicast is supported on MPEG-2 and
MPEG-4 encoders. There are no encoder settings for source-specific multicast; there are
decoder settings (see below Receive Address Mode and Source IP Address ) for MPEG-2
decoders only.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Receive Enable
Controls whether the decoder receives the video from the network.
Receive Address
Mode
Allows the user to specify how the receive address will be
configured:
• IP Address – If the address entered in Receive IP Address (see
below) is 232/8, the decoder will issue a source-specific
multicast join if you enter the IPv4 address of the encoder in the
Source IP Address field.
• Host Name – This mode is only used for receiving unicast from
the encoder. The Source IP Address is not used.
• Program Name – Select from the list of MPEG-2 program
names being multicast on the network. The Source IP Address is
displayed but is read-only. The decoder will automatically update
the Source IP Address field with the source IP address of the
encoder generated by the program SAP.
Available Programs
Use when Receive Address Mode is Program Name. Select from
dropdown list of available programs. This automatically populates
Receive IP Address and Source IP Address.
Receive Host Name
Use when Receive Address Mode is Host Name. Sets the source for
video by using the Host Name. This parameter can be used only for
a unicast source.
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Receive IP Address
Use when Receive Address Mode is IP Address. In multicast mode,
this parameter defines the IP address of the stream to be decoded
and displayed. In unicast mode, this parameter is optional. If left
blank, the decoder will accept all data received on the receive IP
port. If set, decoder will communicate with any VBrick that has the
encoder "unicast poll" option set, and instruct it not to transmit it's
stream unless this VBrick has this receive IP Address.
Receive Port
The receive port designates what local IP/UDP port is assigned to
listen for incoming video.
Source IP Address
Used for source-specific multicast if Receive Address Mode is IP
Address (this is the source IP address of the multicasting encoder).
It is automatically populated when Receive Address mode is
Program Name.
Receive Mode
This read-only parameter informs the operator whether the selected
receive IP Address is Unicast or Multicast.
Packet Ordering
The identification number in the IP header determines IP packet
ordering. The packet ordering feature lets the VBrick re-order
packet fragments as they arrive. If you disable packet ordering, the
out-of-order packets are simply discarded. Packet ordering may
increase latency and can add up to 100 ms of additional delay.
Jitter Queue
Delay jitter is defined as the variation of the delays with which
packets traveling on a network connection reach their destination.
During exceptionally long periods of delay, a large quantity of video
packets will be buffered in the network. When the situation that
caused the delay is resolved, the buffered frames will be burst, as a
group, to the decoder. The handling of delay jitter is then a problem
of having enough buffering in the decoder to handle a long delay,
allowing the video to seem uninterrupted, and enough capacity in
the buffer to handle the subsequent burst that follows once the
delay has terminated. Typically, long delays in the network are
associated with packet loss. No amount of buffer at the VBrick will
correct packet loss. When first enabled, the jitter Q buffers 85ms of
the video stream. Once the jitter Q has been filled, the jitter queue
meters out the buffered video to the decoder at a rate equal to the
rate of the video stream. The jitter queue is drawn down during
times of packet drought, allowing the video to seem uninterrupted,
but is large enough to handle the subsequent 85ms burst of packets
that result once the drought is over. The impact of enabling the
jitter queue is that a 85ms delay is imposed on the video stream.
SAP IR Program
Guide
Enables or disables the ability of the operator to select the program
guide feature from his IR remote control.
SAP Timeout
If SAP Timing method is fixed, this provides a configurable timeout
for program guide selections, in seconds. If no SAP is received
within the timeout period, the entry is removed from the table of
available programs. If SAP Timeout is variable, the entries are
removed from the program table as per RFC 2974 (Refer to
Configuration: System > General).
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
SAP Category
This string can contain one or more category keywords that will
limit the video streams displayed by the Program and Conference
Guides. Keywords should be separated by spaces. Note that
characters are ASCII and can only be lowercase. The total of all
keywords in the string is 36 characters including spaces. If the
Decoder's category string contains both the keywords "Math" and
"Science," only video streams whose encoders have one or more of
these keywords assigned, or those that contain no keyword, will be
available to this Decoder. The Encoder's Category is established on
the Configuration: Encoder > SAP menu screen of IWS.
Note also the wildcard character * is supported at the very end of
keywords only. It is only valid if one or more additional characters
of any type follow the last non-wildcard character. Note that * with
spaces on both sides will display all streams. Having no category
defined (default) displays all streams.
SAP IP Address
The receive IP address used to populate the Program Guide. This is
typically set to the Announce Program Guide SAP of the encoder.
SAP Port
The receive IP port used to populate the Program Guide. This is
typically the port number of the encoder.
Configuration: Decoder > Picture-In-Picture
This menu allows the user to configure the Picture-In-Picture parameters on the decoder
output. The Picture in Picture feature is only available for encoder/decoder VBrick
appliances.
Picture in Picture
By checking the Box this will enable the Picture-In-Picture display.
PIP Location
Picture-In-Picture can be any of the following 5 locations: top left, top
right, bottom left, bottom right and center.
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PIP Horizontal
Size
The Picture-In-Picture horizontal size can be changed to any of the
following 4 sizes – full, half, quarter, thumbnail.
PIP Vertical Size
The Picture-In-Picture vertical size can be changed to any of the
following 4 sizes: full, half, quarter, thumbnail.
Brightness
(0 – 15) The luminance is the information about the varying light
intensity of an image, is best described as brightness. Default = 0.
Saturation
(0 – 15) The saturation is the spectral purity or intensity of a color.
Default = 8.
Hue
(-16 to +15) The hue is the attribute by which a color may be
identified within the visible spectrum. Hue refers to the spectral
colors of red, orange, yellow, green blue and violet. Default is 0.
Adding hue reduces the saturation. Note that the Picture in Picture
display will override the display of Closed Caption text.
Configuration: Encoder
Configuration: Encoder > Transport
Transport Rate
This option allows selection of the actual transport rate for the
MPEG-2 transport stream transmitted from this encoder. If Auto is
selected, the VBrick will choose an appropriate conservative transport
rate, which will allow any video interval to be clearly transmitted. If
you enter a rate that is less than the combined video, audio and over-head an
error message will be displayed indicating that the rate selected is too low.
Actual Transport R This read-only parameter provides the actual transport stream rate. It
ate
is of particular interest when the automatic option is selected above.
Even if a transport rate is explicitly selected, the actual transport rate
will differ from the selected rate since only certain rates are supported.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Transport Content If the model number ends in -xxx1/-xxx2, the user can choose the
transport content to be Video + Audio, Video only or Audio only. If
the model number ends in -xxx0, the option is not displayed and video
and audio always comprises the transport content.
Delay Mode
If the model number ends in -xxx1/-xxx2, the delay mode can be set
to Low, Medium or High Delay. If the model number ends in –xxx0,
the delay mode can be set to Low or High Delay. In low and medium
delay modes, the Reference Distance is forced to 1 (no B frames). Low
delay reduces latency but may also reduce video stability, depending
on video content. If minimum latency is not an issue in the
application, high delay will maximize video stability. Default Delay
Mode is set to High Delay.
Audio PID
MPEG-2 transmits its data in packets of 188 bytes each. At the start of
each packet is a packet identifier (or PID) that identifies the data
stream associated with that packet. It is possible that a non-VBrick
decoder may only accept audio streams with a certain PID setting. If
so, then this feature allows compatibility with these decoders.
Video PID
MPEG-2 transmits its data in packets of 188 bytes each. At the start of
each packet is a packet identifier (or PID) that identifies the data
stream associated with that packet. It is possible that a non-VBrick
decoder may only accept video streams with a certain PID setting. If
so, then this feature allows compatibility with these decoders.
PCR PID
MPEG-2 transmits its data in packets of 188 bytes each. At the start of
each packet is a packet identifier (or PID) that identifies the data
stream associated with that packet. It is possible that a non-VBrick
decoder may only accept PCR (Program Clock Reference) streams
with a certain PID setting. If so, then this feature allows compatibility
with these decoders. Note that certain decoders may require the PCRs
to be embedded in the video stream. If so, these decoders are not
compatible with the VBrick encoder.
Destination 2
Stream Type
The user can configure the appliance to transmit an Elementary
stream as a secondary stream. A video ES, or video elementary stream,
consists of all the video data for a sequence, including the sequence
header and all the subparts of a sequence. A Transport stream
contains both video and audio.
Configuration: Encoder > Video
These parameters are used to configure the Encoder video settings. The encoder video and
audio configurations change if the appliance has an SDI, Serial Digital Interface. Please refer
to SDI Configuration on page 57 for more information.
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Video Format
The format can be configured to be NTSC (30fps), PAL (25fps) or
PAL-M (30fps). (The PAL-M feature is supported on models ending
in xxx1 or higher.) PAL-M is a video format standard used in Brazil.
The main difference between PAL and PAL-M is a lower resolution
(525 lines versus 625) and a higher frame count (30 frames per second
at 60 Hz versus 25 frames per second at 50 Hz).
Video Aspect Ratio Aspect ratio is the ratio of the width of the image to the height of the
image. Standard TV images generally use an aspect ratio of 4:3; DVD
players and some camera can produce 16:9. Set this value to match the
video input source, either 4:3 or 16:9.
26
Video Input Type
The input can be changed to accept either S-Video or composite
(BNC). Note: VBSSM models do not support S-Video.
Video Source
This enables the user to select the bandwidth for tracking the video
input.
• Normal – Select for stable sources such as SDTV, DVD or
camera.
• High Jitter – Select for unstable sources such as VCR or VTR.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Closed Caption
Enable
Disables or enables closed captioning. It is recommended that Closed
Caption be disabled unless required by an application. Default =
disabled. Does not apply to models ending in -xxx0.
• Disabled – Default.
• Video CC Enabled – Reads the embedded video closed captioning
text.
• Inserted CC Enabled – Inserts the user defined text set in the
Closed Caption Text field.
Closed Caption
Type
Sets the Closed Caption Type to either ATSC Compliant or Alternate
Format. When set to ATSC compliant, the type conforms to ATSC
specification a53. When set to the Alternate Format, the type
conforms to a proprietary method. Does not apply to models ending
in -xxx0.
Inserted CC
Update Rate
Sets the rate with which the closed captioning field gets updated for
the box (default is medium). Only works when Inserted CC is
enabled. Does not apply to models ending in -xxx0.
• Slow – When set to slow, the inserted closed captioning field will
be updated every 60 seconds.
• Medium – When set to medium, the closed captioning field will
update every 20 seconds.
• Fast – When set to fast, the closed captioning field will update
every 5 seconds.
Inserted CC Text
Sets the text that is inserted into the closed captioning field of the
encoded stream (default is "inserted string" \h \d \t \c). Only works
when Inserted CC is enabled. Does not apply to models ending in
-xxx0. Note: The maximum number of characters supported is 32
(including the Host Name, Date and Time). No double quotes "", less
than <, or greater than > symbols are allowed as part of the
configuration string. If the whole string does not display on the screen
the default string can be organized to have the Host Name (/h) last.
The special strings are:
\h or \H – Host Name
\d or \D – Current Date
\t or \T – Current Time
\c# or \C# – Set Color (where # = the number corresponding to
color): 0 = White, 1 = Green, 2 = Blue, 3 = Cyan, 4 = Red, 5 =
Yellow, 6 = Magenta.
Inserted CC Row
Sets the position on the screen where the text defined in the Closed
Caption Text field will appear in the decoded video. Can be set from 1
through 15, where 1 indicates the top of the screen and 15 indicates
the bottom of the screen (default is 15), when Inserted CC is enabled.
Does not apply to models ending in -xxx0.
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Reference Distance For models ending in -xxx1/-xxx2, enables a user to set the difference
between consecutive reference frames within a group of pictures
(GOP). The values available are 1–3 (default = 2). If the Encoder
Transport Delay setting is low or medium, the value must be 1. Does
not apply to models ending in -xxx0. If Reference Distance and
Intrapicture Distance are both 1, the encoder will produce all I
frames.
Intrapicture
Distance
Enables the user to set the distance between consecutive I frames
within a Group Of Pictures (GOP). The values available are 1–19
(default = 16). Does not apply to models ending in -xxx0. If
Reference Distance and Intrapicture Distance are both 1, the encoder
will produce all I frames.
Luminance
0 to 255. Default = 128. The luminance is the information about the
varying light intensity of an image, which is best described as
brightness.
Contrast
0 to 127. Default = 62. The contrast is the range of light-to-dark
values of an image that are proportional to the voltage differences
between the black and white levels of the signal.
Saturation
0 to 127. Default = 66. The saturation is the spectral purity or
intensity of a color.
Hue
Range is -128 to 127. Default = 0. The hue is the attribute by which a
color may be identified within the visible spectrum. Hue refers to the
spectral colors of red, orange, yellow, green blue and violet. Adding
hue reduces the saturation.
Resolution
For models ending in -xxx0, the video resolution can be adjusted to
Full D1, 1/2 D1, or 2/3 D1. For models ending in other than -xxx0,
the video resolution can be Full D1, 1/2 D1, 2/3 D1, 352x240 (SIF),
or 352x288 (CIF). Note that D1 resolution is not recommended at
video encode rates below 5 Mbps. In SIF mode only closed
captioning CC1 and CC2 in the menu settings of the video display are
valid (TV menu monitor settings) CC3 and CC4 fields are not
supported. The actual resolutions for NTSC and PAL are listed
below:
NTSC
NTSC
NTSC
NTSC
PAL
PAL
PAL
PAL
Bit Rate
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D1 720x480
1/2 D1 352x480
2/3 D1 480x480
SIF 352x240
D1 720x576
1/2 D1 352x576
2/3 D1 480x576
CIF 352x288
The encoder's bit rate can be adjusted from 1 Mbps to 10 Mbps for
models ending in –xxx0. For models ending in other than -xxx0, the
bit rate can be adjusted from 1–15 Mbps.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Video GOP Time
The hours, minutes and seconds for the GOP time, the creation time
of the MPEG video stream. Can be set to one of three selections:
• Encoder Time (default)
• GMT Time
• Local Time
Note: Within the GOP header of the video stream is a Time Stamp, in
hours, minutes and seconds. If the receiving application uses this time
stamp, it is desirable to configure the encoder to insert a real time of
day in either local or GMT time. If no application is using this data,
the setting should be left at Encoder Time, which merely uses the
time elapsed since the encoder hardware was last reset.
Meta Data
When Metadata is enabled a new field will appear on the screen
allowing the operator to insert metadata strings into the video as User
Data. The normal use of metadata is to allow accompanying
synchronized URL references to displayed in rich media applications.
The VBrick StreamPlayer has the capability of extracting the metadata
references and presenting them to an appropriate application. Contact
VBrick for details.
Meta Data String
Shown if Meta Data is enabled. Maximum 58 characters. Click Insert
Now to insert the meta data string into the stream.
Configuration: Encoder > Audio
Models ending in other than -xxx0 may contain different types of audio hardware. The
difference can be identified by physical differences in the audio connectors or by the revision
number identified in Status: Encoder/Decoder Status – PLX EEProm Revision E. The
model identified as PLX EEProm Revision 1 has black plastic collars around the L/R audio
jacks. The model identified as PLX EEProm Revision 2 has metal screw-on collars. Where
features differ between the models, the differences are noted. For example, certain VBSSM
models do not support audio (see Table 1 VBSSM Models † for details).
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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Audio Input
Input can be from an Audio Jack (1/8" mini-phono jack) or from
Microphone DIN (AudioMate microphone). The default setting is
Audio Jack.
Audio Balance
-127 to 127. Sets audio balance between left and right channels. Zero
is balanced. 127 sends audio to right channel only; -127 to left
channel.
Audio Input Level
Hardware-dependent; not shown on all models. See Audio Gain field
for more details.
• Normal – 7 to –53 dB and mute.
• Alternate – 12 to –48 dB and mute.
Audio Gain (dB)
This setting controls the audio level of the encoder. It is model
dependent:
• On models ending in –xxx0 the settings are from 3 to –60 dB and
mute. The default setting is 0 dB. A setting of 3 is equivalent to full
volume, -60 effectively mutes the encoder audio.
• On models ending in –xxx1/–xxx2 the settings differ based on the
Status: Encoder > PLX EEProm Revision number:
If the Encoder PLX EEProm Revision is 1, the settings are from 3 to
–48 dB and mute. The default setting is 0 dB. A setting of +3 is
equivalent to full volume and -60 effectively mutes the encoder audio.
If the EEProm PLX EEProm Revision is 2 or higher and the Audio
Input Level is set to Normal, the settings are from 7 to –53 dB and
mute. The default setting is 0 dB. A setting of 7 is equivalent to full
volume, -53 effectively mutes the encoder audio. If the Audio Input
Level is set to Alternate, the settings are from 12 to –48 and mute. The
default setting is 0 dB. A setting of 12 is the equivalent of full volume,
-48 effectively mutes the encoder.
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L+R Bit Rate
The transmission rate of the audio stream. If the model ends in -xxx0,
the transmission rate can be 192, 256 and 384 Kbps **If the model
ends in -xxx1/-xxx2 the audio bit rate can be 256 or 384 Kbps.
Sample Frequency
Frequency at which the audio is sampled at the encoder. If the model
number ends in -xxx0, the sampling rate can be 44.1 KHz or 48 KHz.
If the model number ends in -xxx1/-xxx2 the sampling frequency is
48 KHz.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Audio Channels
Model dependent. (If the EEPROM Revision is 2 or higher, changing
the Audio Channel setting affects the Sample Frequency. )
• If the model number ends in –xxx0, the parameter can be set to
Stereo, Mono and Dual. The default setting is Stereo.
• If the model number ends in –xxx1/-xxx2, the settings are
dependent on the PLX EEProm revision Number:
• If the EEProm Revision is 1, this parameter can be set to Stereo
and Mute. The default setting is Stereo.
• If the EEProm Revision is 2 or higher, the parameter can be set to
Stereo, Mono (left to stereo) or Mute. Default = Stereo.
Stereo – Stereo directs the input left channel to the left channel in
the audio stream and the input right channel to the right channel in
the audio stream.
Mono (left to stereo) – Mono directs the left input channel to both
the left and right channel.
Mono (left only) – This option allows only the left input channel
to be carried in the stream. Output is to the left channel only.
Configuration: Encoder > Destination 1/Destination2
Transmit Enable
Controls whether the primary encoder output is to be transmitted to
the network.
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Destination Address
Mode
Allows the user to specify how the destination address will be
configured: IP Address, Host Name, or IPv6.
• IP Address – This is the Destination IP Address of the encoded
video. When this is a multicast address, the transmit mode is also
set to multicast. Similarly, if this is a unicast address, the transmit
mode is also set to unicast.
• Host Name – Sets the source for video to be received using Host
Name of the source. It can be used only for a unicast source.
• IPv6 – Use Internet Protocol Version 6. Note that IPv6 supports
unicast transmissions only.
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Destination
Host Name
This is the destination Host Name of the network device that will be
receiving the encoded video.
Destination IPv4/
IPv6 Address
This is the destination IPv4 or IPv6 address (depending on what is
selected above) of the network device that will be receiving the
encoded video. (You can enter a source-specific multicast address
(232/8) but it will have no effect unless the network is IGMPv3
capable. See Source-Specific Multicast on page 20 for details.)
Destination Port
This is the destination IP port of the network device that will be
receiving the encoded video.
Transmit Mode
This read-only parameter (derived from the Destination IP Address)
tells you whether the encoder is transmitting the video stream in
Unicast or Multicast mode. In Unicast mode, if the network portion
of the IP address is outside the scope of the local area network, the
Unicast address is presumed to be outside the network.
Time to Live
The number of hops (between routers) for which an IP packet is
valid on the network.
Type of Service
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP header to
establish packet priority in the network.
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Packet Payload Size
Controls the amount of MPEG data within each UDP packet. The
default value is 4136. Since Ethernet networks are limited to a
packet size of 1500 bytes, multiple IP packets are required to span
one UDP packet. When choosing a packet payload size, special
attention must be paid to the network capability and topology. The
allowed range is 1316 to 8872 bytes per packet, even numbers only.
When the MTU is set to the default of 1500, the VBrick appliance
will not produce fragmented UDP packets at or below a payload size
of 1472. Note that MPEG-2 video playback on Vista PCs may be
suboptimal with small packet payload settings.
If you wish to select something other than the default (4136),
VBrick recommends that the Packet Payload Size be a number in the
vicinity of the Actual Transport Rate divided by 800—but no
smaller than 1316 and no larger than 8872. This recommendation
represents a compromise: smaller payloads provide smoother
delivery to the decoder and improve the decoder performance;
larger payloads impose less demand on the encoder processing
capabilities. This recommendation becomes increasingly significant
as the transport bitrate decreases and falls below 3.3 Mbps; 4136 is a
better value for Packet Payload Size when the transport bitrate is 3.3
Mbps or higher. It is also beneficial but not necessary for the Packet
Payload Size to be a multiple of 188.
Note that when you adjust the Packet Payload Size and video Bit
Rate on the encoder, the decoder video may be affected. For
example, when the Packet Payload Size on the encoder is set to 7000
or above and Bit Rate on the Configuration: Encoder > Video page
is set from 1–1.4 Mbps, the decoder receiving the video may go into
a continual reset loop (every 10–60 seconds depending on the
settings). To stop the resetting, set the Bit Rate to 1.5 Mbps or
higher.
Unicast Poll
This parameter is used to instruct the VBrick to poll whether the
unicast destination VBrick is configured to accept this stream. If the
unicast destination VBrick is not configured to accept this stream,
this VBrick will not send the stream. This feature is designed to
eliminate unwanted unicast video traffic across the network.
Unicast Ping
Feature for primary destination can be enabled, disabled. If the
VBrick is designated to transmit a transport stream to any
destination (whether another VBrick or not) in unicast mode, this
parameter is used to instruct the VBrick to ping the destination
periodically to test connectivity before sending the stream. If
Unicast Ping is not enabled, and the destination goes off-line, the
unicast stream may be broadcast to all destinations causing flooding
on the network. This scenario largely depends on network
architecture and may or may not occur. This feature should only be
disabled if the network has a particular requirement that makes it
unworkable.
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Join Own Multicast
Some network equipment requires that a multicast source (such as a
VBrick encoder) join its own multicast group. This feature is
enabled by default and has no adverse affect on equipment that is
fully multicast compliant.
Configuration: Encoder > Announce (SAP)
Contains parameters used to change the SAP (Session Announcement Protocol)
advertisements. SAPs are advertisement packets that are transmitted by VBrick appliances to
other VBrick appliances and VBrick applications such as the Portal Server and
StreamPlayerPlus. They are used to identify streams present in the network.
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Announce Common Information
Program Name
The string providing the name of the stream associated with this
SAP. This SAP text shows up in the Program Guide for other
VBrick products. Default is \H Program x (where x is 1 or 2, for
slot1 or slot2). Note: All of the Common Information fields
support replacement characters. The replacement text is only shown in
the SAP message at the destination decoder. The fields are replaced by
the actual information as explained below.
• \H or \h – Host Name of VBrick appliance. When the default
entry is used, the VBrick is identified by the default Host Name
(set in IWS in the Network: Ethernet section), and will be
identified as such on the network, see the StreamPlayer software
example below.
• \B or \b – If the unit is a VBStar, this is the Base Name of the
file being pumped by the Hard Drive Pump.
• \F or \f – If the unit is a VBStar, this is the control name of the
File being pumped. The control name is a combination which
consists of 25 characters from the directory name, 25 characters
from the base name, 3 digits containing the file extension and
the punctuation (53 total characters maximum). If the directory
portion is not present, this is the base name of the file being
pumped.
Program Author
A string in the SAP that can be used to identify the author. Default
is "My Author."
Program Copyright
A string in the SAP that can be used to identify the copyright
information. Default is "My Copyright."
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Category
An encoder can have a SAP Category string. This string consists of
one or more keywords separated by spaces. Each category keyword
represents a tag associated with the Encoder's video stream.
Decoders can be configured to display in their Program and Guides
only video streams tagged by specific category keywords or those
containing no keyword. The string(s), used by the Decoder, is set on
the Decoder/Network screen. Note: Characters are ASCII and are
case sensitive. The total of all keywords in the string is 36 characters
including spaces.
You can also use this field to filter the live streams shown in the
ETV Portal Server by source and client IP address by using the
following string: IPMask=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
represents a bit mask. (This string is simply another keyword you
can use in addition to those described above.) The Portal Server will
parse the bitmask and send the live stream only to clients with a
masked IP address that matches the masked IP address of the
source VBrick. For example, a stream with a category
IPMask=255.255.0.0 from a VBrick with an address of 172.22.6.67
will be available to a client with an IP address 172.22.3.4 but not to
a client with an IP Address 172.16.3.4 . There is no admin interface
to this feature on the Portal Server; you can use this filtering in
addition to the standard authorization features provided by the
Portal Server.
Session Information
A string identifying VBrick SAP Session Information. See Program
Name field for a description of replace characters (\h, \b or \f).
Appears on Program Guide. Default is "VBrick Streaming Video".
Information URL
Informational text.
Contact Email
Informational text.
Contact Phone
Informational text.
Contact Name
Informational text.
SAP for Destination 1 and/or 2
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Transmit
Enables or disables the transmission of the SAP.
Retransmit Time
If SAP Timing is fixed, this is the time (in seconds) between
transmissions of SAPs (1 – 9999). If SAP Timing is variable, the actual
retransmit time as per RFC 2974 is reported back. Please refer to
Configuration: System > General.
Time to Live
The number of hops (between routers) for which an IP packet is valid
on the network.
Type of Service
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP header to
establish SAP packet priority in the network.
SAP IP Address
The receive IP address used to populate the Program Guide. This is
typically set to the Announce Program Guide SAP of the encoder.
SAP Port
The receive IP port used to populate the Program Guide. This is
typically the port number of the encoder.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
MPEG-2 Configuration
Note SAP information appears in the Program Guide field displayed in other VBrick
products, such as StreamPlayer and StreamPlayer Plus.
Configuration: Pump
See VBStar Pump on page 100.
Configuration: Recorder
See VBStar Record on page 105.
Configuration: FTP File Transfer
See VBStar FTP File Transfer on page 111.
Configuration: Conferencing
Conferencing is a feature that allows a user to set up a two-way video conference using the IR
Remote Control. This screen provides the configuration of the necessary parameters.
Conferencing
Setup
This option enables/disables the ability of a user to initiate a
conference using an IR remote control unit. Disabled prevents this
VBrick from appearing on the Conference Guide of other VBricks.
Conferencing
Accept
If Manual , the called party on this VBrick must explicitly accept the
call with the IR remote control. If automatic, the call will be accepted
without any action on the part of the called party.
Local Ringer
Used to enable/disable the ringer.
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Conference End
Display Mode
Allows the choice of what is displayed when the conference ends.
Display either Picture-in-Picture (with the local encoder view) or a
Blank Screen.
Local Ringer IR
If Enabled, the ringer may be enabled or disabled via the IR remote by
the user (operator) of this VBrick. If disabled, the local operator
cannot change the state of the ringer. It will remain as set above in
"local ringer".
Conferencing
Name
Used to configure the name of the user (operator) of this VBrick. This
is the name, which will appear on the conference guide screen used to
set up the conference. The default entry is \h or \H, which identifies
the unit by the Host Name of VBrick appliance.
SAP IP Address
The SAPs for Conference Call setup are sent to this destination IP
Address.
SAP Port
The SAPs for Conference Call setup are sent to this destination IP/
UDP port.
SAP Retransmit
Time
Allows setting the SAP retransmit time.
Configuration: Passthrough
The TCP/IP network can serve as an intermediary between two VBricks and their serial
ports or between a PC application sending IP packets and a VBrick's serial port. Passthrough
can be configured using addresses on Ethernet. Passthrough on COM2 is only available on
VBricks with a CPLD (programmable logic device) Version greater than 21. (To check the
CPLD , go to Status > System Information > CPLD Version .) If the IWS screens do not provide a
COM1 or COM2 selection at the top of the Passthrough screen, the VBrick defaults to COM1. This
feature supports a wide range of serial applications. See "Serial Port Passthrough" in the
VBrick Appliance Getting Started Guide for more about serial port passthrough. Note that RS232/422/485 end-to-end control is initiated by enabling or disabling Passthrough. The
Passthrough port for COM1 is 4439; the port for COM2 is 4414.
Note COM is dedicated to Passthrough. COM2 is a dual purpose interface. At the factory
default it can be used as a serial connection to the VBrick Command Line Interface
(CLI) tool for configuration purposes. When configured for Passthrough, the CLI
feature is used for camera control.
Configuration: Passthrough > COM1
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Passthrough State
Used to enable/disable Passthrough. Three states are possible:
• Disabled – The VBrick will neither initiate nor respond to
Passthrough setup requests.
• Responder – In this case the VBrick will accept a connection
request (up to 64 connection requests) from another VBrick set as
an Initiator or from a PC camera control application.
• Initiator – In this case it will continuously attempt to automatically
initiate a Passthrough connection to the remote destination.
Operational State
Describes the current status of a Passthrough connection, including
error conditions, if any. Refer to the Network Status Section. This will
display "Active" if in Passthrough mode.
COM Interface
Type
Describes the COM interface connector. (RS422/485 options are
displayed only if main board has a Part Number ending in xxx3. See
Status: User Information > Main Board.)
• RS232 – standard RS-232 serial port connector.
• RS422/485 – RS-422/485 4-wire serial port connector.
• RS422/485 (Terminated) – RS-422/485 terminated.
Passthrough State: Responder
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Baud Rate
Rate can be set to the following (Default = 9600): 110, 300, 600, 1200,
2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400, 19200, 28800, 38400, 57600,
115200.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bits for Passthrough port (1 or 2).
Parity
None, Even, Odd.
RTS Control
Force Off, Force On or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
on when Passthrough is active. DTR and RTS are available for COM2
only for those VBrick models whose last digit is 3 or higher. Under no
conditions are RTS or DTR controls passed through end-to-end. All
control handling is local.
DTR Control
Force Off, Force On or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
On when Passthrough is active. See note above.
Operational State
Describes the current status of a Passthrough connection, including
error conditions, if any. Refer to the Network Status Section. This will
display "Active" if in Passthrough mode.
COM Interface
Type
Describes the COM interface connector. (RS422/485 options are
displayed only if main board has a Part Number ending in xxx3. See
Status: User Information > Main Board.)
• RS232 – standard RS-232 serial port connector.
• RS422/485 – RS-422/485 4-wire serial port connector.
• RS422/485 (Terminated) – RS-422/485 terminated.
Passthrough State: Initiator
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Destination
• Remote COM1 using Slot1 Video Endpoint. This means that all
serial data originating at the COM1 port being configured is sent
to the COM1 port of the VBrick identified as the Slot1 video
source (if Slot1 is a decoder) or to the Slot1 video destination
VBrick (if Slot1 is an encoder).
• Remote COM2 using Slot1 Video Endpoint. Slot1 Destination 1
only. Same as above except Initiator destination is COM2.
• Dedicated. When Passthrough State is set as Initiator and the
Destination is Dedicated, the VBrick appliance (whose serial port
is the destination of this COM port) can be configured and
identified using either an IP address or a host name.
• Slot1 MetaData. If Meta Data is enabled on the Encoder > Video
page, the appliance captures incoming data from the serial port and
inserts it into the stream as metadata. In a typical application, a
GPS receiver connected to a VBrick can insert ASCII strings
representing map coordinates into a stream. This information is
saved and sent as metadata with the video. This feature is disabled
when the appliance is in Edit mode.
The data is inserted when it reaches the maximum number of
characters (58 for MPEG-2) or when the Idle Timeout (see below)
between characters is reached. This feature works for all
passthrough port baud rates but can only accept continuous serial
data at rates up to 9600 baud; at higher rates there must be some
idle time between metadata strings.
• Slot2 MetaData. Same as above except the serial port data is
inserted as metadata in the video stream from the Slot2 encoder.
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Baud Rate
Rate of Passthrough port. Rate can be set to the following (Default =
9600): 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400,
19200, 28800, 38400, 57600, 115200.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bits for Passthrough port (1 or 2).
Parity
None, Even, Odd.
RTS Control
Force Off, Force On or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
on when Passthrough is active. DTR and RTS are not available for
COM2. Under no conditions are RTS or DTR controls passed
through end-to-end. All control handling is local. DTR and RTS are
not available for COM2.
DTR Control
Force Off, Force On or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
On when Passthrough is active. Not available on COM2. See note
above.
Operational State
Describes the current status of a Passthrough connection, including
error conditions, if any. Refer to the Network Status Section. This will
display Active if in Passthrough mode.
Idle Time out
5–2000 milliseconds. Default = 500. The interval between characters
at which metadata is inserted into the stream.
COM Interface
Type
Describes the COM interface connector. (RS422/485 options are
displayed only if main board has a Part Number ending in xxx3. See
Status: User Information > Main Board.)
• RS232 – standard RS-232 serial port connector.
• RS422/485 – RS-422/485 4-wire serial port connector.
• RS422/485 (Terminated) – RS-422/485 terminated.
Dedicated Address Mode
When the Passthrough State is set as Initiator and the Destination is Dedicated, the VBrick
appliance can be configured and identified using either an IP address or Host Name.
Configuration: Passthrough > COM2
Passthrough settings for COM2 are a subset of COM1. See Configuration: Passthrough >
COM1 for complete details. As noted, DTR and RTS are not available for COM2. Under no
conditions are RTS or DTR controls passed through end-to-end. All control handling is
local.
Configuration: System
This menu allows the user to set-system related parameters.
Configuration: System > General
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Network Time
Synchronization
Enabled or Disabled. If enabled, the System Date Time field is
inactive. See Network Time Synchronization on page 11 to
set host name or IP address of time server. You must set these
parameters before you can enable Network Time Synchronization on
this window.
System Date Time
Set system date and time in mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm format.
System
Current Operational
Mode
Indicates the current operational mode of the VBrick. The
following modes are supported. Note: Changing the Operational
Mode automatically reboots the VBrick.
Configured Operational
Mode
Indicates the configured operational mode of the VBrick. The
following modes are supported:
• Run Mode – Normal operation.
• Diagnostics – User selected mode for running certain VBrick
diagnostics.
Time Zone
Select from list: (GMT-12) Eniwetok – (GMT +12) Auckland.
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Daylight Savings Time
Enabled or Disabled.
IR Enable
Enable or Disable the IR remote control. This is the master
enable and disable for the IR across all functions.
Fan Mode
This option allows a user to either force the fan always high or to
automatically cycle on and off based on measured temperature.
Default = Automatic. Note: This option is only available on
VBrick models with a main board assembly whose last four digits
are 0206 or higher.
SAP Timing Method
Fixed or Variable - If fixed, the SAP timing will operate as
defined in the encoder, decoder and pump screens with fixed
SAP transmission and timeouts. If variable is selected, the entire
VBrick will use SAP timing as defined in RFC 2974. For most
applications, Fixed Timing should be used.
RFC2974 Bandwidth
Allows setting the SAP bandwidth allocation in Bits per second.
This setting is used only when the Timing Method is set to
Variable.
Relay Control
This option allows forcing the relay connection to Open or
Closed. Note: This option is only available on VBricks with a
main board assembly whose last four digits are 0205 or higher.
Vision Protocol
Enables a subset of the Vision ADMAS control protocol. This
protocol is not recommended for general use.
Front Panel LCD Display
These settings will be displayed for approximately 6 seconds. After 6 seconds the LCD will
display the current release, IP address, hostname plus transmit and receive addresses.
Box IP Address
Enable or Disable the Box IP Address display on the Front Panel
Display.
Destination IP
Address
Enable or Disable the Destination IP Address display on the Front
Panel Display.
Receive IP Address Enable or Disable the Receive IP Address display on the Front Panel
Display.
User String
Enabled
Enable or Disable the text displayed on the front panel LCD of the
VBrick appliance can be user defined.
Top Line User
String
The top line can support up to 16 characters. (characters in excess of
16 will scroll across the display for the bottom line).
Bottom Line User
String
The bottom line up to 40 characters.
Configuration: System > SNMP Traps
SNMP Traps are a subset of the SNMP management component of the VBrick. Use of any
element of the SNMP management system requires use of an SNMP browser or SNMP
manager application (not supplied). The SNMP MIB, which formally defines the SNMP
interface to the VBrick, is contained within the install directory of the VBrick release or from
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MPEG-2 Configuration
the VBrick. The two MIB files are VBrick_box2.mib and VBrick_reg.mib. The default
installation directory is:
Program Files\VBrick\VB6000\Download\ReleaseVxx_xx_xx
Traps are SNMP base messages used by SNMP elements to report changes in status or alarm
conditions to remote SNMP management entities. Traps are generally used to alert network
administrators of potential equipment problems or other noteworthy events. Two types of
information are conveyed in the trap mechanism: Events and Alarms. Events Traps are sent
every time the monitored event occurs. Events have only one state. Alarms are events having
two states, Active and Clear. When the alarm condition is first detected, an alarm active trap
is emitted. Alarms are considered active until the condition cleared and the alarm clear trap is
emitted.
Note VBrick supports SNMPv3 in addition to SNMP v1/v2. SNMP v3 is a "Secure SNMP
implementation" as defined in Section 11.3 of RFC 3414. It provides initial
configuration in accordance with Appendix A.1 of RFC 3414 and also implements the
Privacy Protocol (DES Encryption) as described in RFC 3414.
Trap Destination
IP Address (1–4)
The IP Addresses of SNMP management stations to which traps
are to be sent. The SNMP management application should be
active on these stations in order to receive a number of SNMP
Traps, which are supported by the VBrick. Enterprise-specific
traps listed in order of trap identification number are shown in
Table 4.
Host Type
IP Address or DNS Host Name.
IP Address
Complete if Host Type = IP address.
DNS Host Name
Complete if Host Type = DNS Host Name.
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SNMP Trap Version
Select Version number.
Trap User Name
User assigned trap name.
Authentication Password Enter password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. May include any
combination of alphanumeric characters but only the following
special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < > See Table 5 on
page 93 for defaults.
Authentication Protocol
Select protocol: MD5 or SHA to validate the transaction
between a given host and client
Privacy Password
Required. Hides traffic using DES encryption.
Security Level
No Authentication, No Privacy (default).
No Privacy.
Authentication and Privacy.
Table 4. Trap Summary Tables
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Number
Event Description
1
There is loss of video input on slot1 Encoder.
2
The loss of video input on slot1 Encoder failure has cleared.
3
There is loss of video input on slot2 Encoder.
4
The loss of video input on slot2 Encoder failure has cleared.
5
The box has started up in Run mode.
6
The box has started up in Diagnostics mode.
7
The box has started up in Limited Run mode.
8
The box has received a reset request from an administrator.
9
There is a fan failure.
10
The fan failure is recovered.
11
The temperature of the unit is out of range. Will be sent when the unit's internal
temperature becomes too high or too low.
12
The temperature out of range condition has cleared.
13
The 24 volts power supply failed.
14
The 24 volts power supply failure has cleared.
15
The 12 volts power supply failed.
16
The 12 volts power supply failure has cleared.
17
The 5 volts power supply failed.
18
The 5 volts power supply failure has cleared.
19
The 3.3 volts power supply failed.
20
The 3.3 volts power supply failure has cleared.
21
The 2.5 volts power supply failed.
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Number
Event Description
22
The 2.5 volts power supply failure has cleared.
23
There is a Real Time Clock battery failure.
24
The unit has been configured to transmit and/or receive video streams beyond
its capability.
25
Signifies the overloaded unit is recovered to normal.
26
A component on the main board failed Power On Self Test (POST).
27
The encoder card in Slot1 failed Power On Self Test (POST).
28
The encoder card in Slot1 failed Power On Self Test (POST).
Configuration: System > Security
Note If you disable Telnet, FTP, IWS, and SNMP, the only way to manage (and re-enable)
these parameters is to connect a PC to the VBrick with a serial cable and use the
Command Line Interface (CLI). You should never disable all the network management
interfaces if you are using COM2 for serial passthrough.
External Telnet
Server
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent Telnet sessions to the
server.
External FTP Server
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent FTP sessions to the
server including downloading to the VBrick. Note that this feature
must be enabled to upgrade the appliance firmware using
VBDownload.
External IWS
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent you from managing the
VBrick from a web browser using the IWS application.
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External SNMP
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent you from using an
external MIB browser to view or write parameters.
External SNMPv1
and SNMPv2 Access
Default = Enabled. You can use both SNMP v1/v2, and v3. For
tightest security, set parameter to Disabled and use SNMPv3 only.
Remote Support
Enable
Default = Disabled. Check to enable remote support by VBrick
Support Services. Note: Any change to this parameter will reboot the
appliance.
Remote Support Poll
Enable
Default = Enabled. The default enables continuous polling through
the firewall. If desired, you can enable polling only when you need
to establish a remote connection. This will not reboot the appliance.
Remote Support
Server
Default = remote.vbrick.com . Use the default if a DNS server is
defined on the Configuration: Network > Ethernet page. If a DNS
server is not defined, you must enter an IP Address in this field.
Contact Support Services for details.
IWS Server Port
Specifies the listener port for management and HTTP connections.
Default = 80. Typically port 80 is the default value used by PC web
browsers. To access a different HTTP port, the remote IWS client
user would specify the URL as follows: http://IPaddress:port
where IPaddress = VBrick IP address or hostname, and port.
Improving Security
You can improve security by (1) blocking unauthorized attempts to login and access a device
and (2) by reducing exposure to malicious software attacks. The most common vulnerability
is related to user accounts and passwords. After a successful installation, you should
immediately change the default passwords. Many attacks come from within an organization
and this helps to minimize the risk. The IWS login is generally secure since it utilizes
encryption techniques to hide usernames and passwords from network spyware.
Malicious software covertly attaches itself to unsuspecting devices. These programs are
generally designed to compromise personal information or to create system havoc. Since the
VBrick appliance uses an industrial-grade operating system, it is less susceptible to malicious
software and unlikely to be a target of programs designed to attack PC-based systems like
Microsoft, Linux, and others. However, you can still take additional steps to minimize risk.
VBrick tries to make installation as simple and quick installation and many features are
automatically enabled by default even though you may not need them. You can selectively
disable unneeded features to reduce vulnerability. Another common problem is Denial of
Service (DoS) attacks. A DoS sends floods of packets to an unsuspecting remote system in an
attempt to disrupt or stop normal operation. These unsuspecting remote systems are typically
discovered using ICMP or ping. It is standard industry practice to block all ICMP and ping
requests from off-net foreign hosts. This is typically done in a centralized location using
router/firewall technology which is more successful and cost effective than resolving the
issue at each host.
Configuration: System > Logging
Certain log events are captured and can be viewed locally. This local log is saved in volatile
memory and hold the most recent 20 entries. See Status: System Log on page 73 for examples
of log information. To save log information indefinitely, it is recommended that remote
logging be utilized. Remote servers generally offer ample storage and offer the additional
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benefit of collecting log information from several VBricks simultaneously. When logging
externally, specify either the IP address or hostname a server that is configured to receive
SNMP traps on port 162 into the Remote Event Log IP Address or Remove Event Log DNS
Host Name fields.
Log Time Zone
Specifies the time zone (Local or GMT) that is used for logged events.
Trap Log Local
If Enabled, displays trap events in the local log.
Trap Log Remote
If Enabled, sends trap event notices to a remote host.
General Config
Log Local
If Enabled, displays configuration changes in the local log.
General Config
Log Remote
If Enabled, sends configuration change notices to a remote host.
IR or Script Config If Enabled, displays IR or script-generated configuration changes in
Log Local
the local log.
IR or Script Config If Enabled, sends IR or script-generated configuration changes to a
Log Remote
remote host.
Remote Event Log Identify remote event log server by host name.
Host Type
Remote Event Log Identify remote event log server by IP address.
IP Address
Remote Event Log Host name of remote event log server.
DNS Host Name
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Configuration: Video On Demand
This screen is used to configure the capability of the VBrick to support VBrick's legacy Video
on Demand server (VBVoD). This is not the VoD server used with VBrick's ETV Portal
Server.
Video On Demand Enables or Disables the Video-on-Demand capability of the VBrick
appliance. When enabled, the user will be able to view Video-onDemand SAPs in the Program Guide. If authorized, the user will be
able to select Video-on-Demand SAPs and access the Video-onDemand features of the VoD server sending the SAP. If disabled, the
user will not see Video-on-Demand SAPs in the Program Guide.
SAP IP Address
The IP Address for Video-on-Demand SAPs Default value is
224.2.133.135 (as shown).
SAP Port
The Port for Video-on-Demand SAPs Default value is 9880 (as
shown).
SAP Timeout
The Video-on-Demand SAP timeout, in seconds. Default value is 90
(as shown).
Note The values of the SAP IP Address and Port must correspond to the values set on the
VBVoD servers sending Video-on-Demand SAPs. If the values of the SAP IP Address
or Port are changed without changing the values on the VoD servers, Video-onDemand SAPs will not be received even if when Video-on-Demand is enabled.
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Configuration: Script Management
Configuration: Script Management > Event Triggering
You can create and run scripts to activate certain functions on a VBrick appliance. There are
three ways to run scripts on an appliance. (1) You can run scripts for test purposes using the
Run Script button in IWS; (2) you can use the IR Remote Control; and (3) you can use an
external event trigger (see "Event Triggering" in the VBrick Appliance Getting Started Guide).
The VBrick appliance can be set up to use serial (COM1) Pins 7 and 8, or 0 through 9 on the
IR Remote as input events to trigger the VBrick to run scripts. The script files execute certain
commands using VBrick SDK parameters to activate certain functions within the VBrick
appliance. There are a total of four possible input events (COM1 Pin8 Low, COM1 Pin8
High, COM1 Pin7 Low, COM1 Pin7 High) and ten possible input events using the IR
Remote (each has one associated script file).
For more information about the VBrick SDK, contact your certified VBrick reseller or
VBrick Support Services. To purchase the SDK directly from VBrick, go to:
www.vbrick.com/products/purchase.asp.
Note You cannot execute a script either with the IR Remote Control or using an event
trigger if IWS is currently running in Edit mode. If you run a script directly from
IWS, it automatically exits Edit mode and terminates the active editing session.
Run Scripts Using IWS
You can run scripts that were previously created with the VBrick SDK using the Run Script
button in IWS. This button is only available in Edit mode and is basically used for test
purposes. See Sample Script below.
Figure 2. Script Management – Part 1
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Click here to read Login to the VBrick via FTP and manage script files. Requires a valid
or write script files user name and password.
Event Enable
Allows the user to Enable/Disable Event Triggering for each input
event.
Event Stable Time
Allows the user to enter the amount of time in milliseconds that each
input event has to be stable at the active level before the script will be
executed.
Figure 3. Script Management – Part 2
Event Count
Displays the number of times each input event has occurred.
Event Script Status Displays current status information for each event script.
Run Script
These buttons allow the user to run each script without needing the
input event. Use this method to test the script.
IR Remote Scripts
are enabled by simply placing a file named irNScript.txt (where N is a
number from 0–9 ) in the script directory of the unit. For example
naming the following script ir0Script.txt will enable the 0 on the IR
remote to trigger the unit to run the script.
Run Scripts Using the IR Remote Control
IR Remote Control scripts are enabled by simply placing a file named irNScript.txt (where
N is a number from 0–9) in the script directory of the unit. For example naming the following
script ir0Script.txt will enable the 0 on the IR remote to trigger the unit to run the script.
Run Scripts Using Event Triggers
The event triggering feature lets you use an external switch or power source to control the
functions of the VBrick appliance. See "Event Triggering" in the VBrick Appliance Getting
Started Guide for detailed examples.
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MPEG-2 Configuration
Sample Script
vbrickSlot2EncoderNetworkTransmitEnable = 2 // set enable slot 2 encoder transmit
vbrickSlot2EncoderNetworkApplySet = 2 // apply above encoder network set
* // end of a group
vbrickHDRecorderControlMode = 1 // set recorder to user controlled mode
vbrickHDRecorderControlIrEnable = 1 // disable recorder ir control
vbrickHDRecorderControlName = event1record.mpg // set recorder file name
vbrickHDRecorderControlDuration.value = 30 // set recorder duration to 30 seconds
vbrickHDRecorderControlBatchEnable = 1 // set recorder batch to disabled
vbrickHDRecorderControlApplySet = 2 // apply above recorder control sets
* // end of a group
vbrickHDRecorderControlFtpEnable = 1 // disable auto ftp after record
vbrickHDRecorderControlApplySet = 2 // apply above recorder control set
vbrickHDRecorderNetworkReceiveType = 1 // set recorder receive type to ip address
vbrickHDRecorderNetworkReceiveIpAddr = 239.22.129.3 // set recorder receive ip address
vbrickHDRecorderNetworkReceivePort = 4443 // set recorder receive port
vbrickHDRecorderNetworkApplySet = 2 // apply above recorder network sets
* // end of a group
vbrickHDRecorderOperationStart = 2 // start recording
* // end of a group
wait = 5000 // wait for 5000 milliseconds
* // end of a group
vbrickSlot1EncoderNetworkTransmitEnable = 2 // set enable slot 1 encoder transmit
vbrickSlot1EncoderNetworkApplySet = 2 // apply above encoder network set
* // end of a group
Scripting Notes
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
* denotes end of group.
Each group can have a maximum of six sets.
Each group must have apply sets for all normal sets.
Wait state will be alone in a group.
There is no clear command.
Script commands must start in column 1.
There is no chaining of scripts.
Comments will start with / and can be a line or the end of a command.
All scripts are executed in a strictly serial manner by a single task.
While executing a script it is possible to miss a double change of any event.
Configuration: Script Management > Auto Configuration
Auto Config lets you perform an auto-configuration via a URL script file. It is typically used
for remote configuration and troubleshooting or to configure VBrick appliances that are
behind a firewall. To configure a parameter on an appliance (or more likely a set of
parameters) you simply point the URL to a server with an .xml configuration file. This is
useful, for example, to change a reflector URL, set the audio and video rates, etc. when the
VBrick appliances are behind a firewall and cannot be accessed remotely.
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
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The VBrick reads the URL field (e.g. www.myserver.com/config.xml ) via HTTP protocol and
executes the script depending on the EXECUTE tag. If a VBEXECUTEFORCE tag is present in the
.xml file (see example below), the script runs every time at the poll interval even if it has not
changed. If a VBEXECUTEIFDIF tag is present the script runs only if it is different from the last
executed file. One of these tags is required.
If the VBrick is in Edit mode, the script file will not run until the edit session is ended. The
auto config script will run before any waiting IR scripts or external event scripts. In Edit mode,
you can press Run Script to execute the script on demand. After a reboot, the VBrick checks
for a script URL and will run the script immediately, regardless of the VBEXECUTE tag value.
URL
Valid path to a URL script file, for example: www.myserver.com/
config.xml . Default = blank.
Poll Rate
The rate at which the appliance checks the config file. 0–1440 minutes
(default = 0).
Auto Config Status Shows auto config status including when the script was last run, URL
connection errors, etc. Press Refresh to update.
Run Script
Edit mode only. Run the script now.
Sample Script
The auto config script file (config.xml ) is an .xml file with the following syntax. It can set any
VBrick parameters and force an "apply" as needed. This example shows how to set various
recorder parameters. Note that a VBEXECUTE tag is required.
<XML Header>
<?VBEXECUTEFORCE?>
or
<?VBEXECUTEIFDIF?>
<VBRICK>
vbrickHDRecorderControlMode = 1
vbrickHDRecorderControlIrEnable = 1
vbrickHDRecorderControlName = event1record.mpg
vbrickHDRecorderControlDuration.value = 30
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MPEG-2 Configuration
vbrickHDRecorderControlBatchEnable = 1
vbrickHDRecorderControlApplySet = 2
</VBRICK>
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 3
SDI Configuration
Topics in this chapter
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Configuration: Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Configuration: Decoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Introduction
Serial Digital Interface, or SDI, is mainly used in the professional industry and is based on
the principal standard for broadcast television and the motion picture industries. Reliable,
flexible and cost-effective video transport is critical to the video transmission industry, which
provides state-of-the-art transport services for broadcast networks, content producers,
entertainment programmers, news agencies and sportscasters throughout the world. SDI
provides users the best available video quality with virtually no latency.
The Serial Digital Interface Encoder is a module that plugs into the encoder card, allowing
the broadcast industry standard 270 Mbps serial signal to be converted to MPEG-2. The
Serial Digital Interface input module accepts the Society of Motion Picture and Television
Engineers industry-standard, SMPTE 259M-C compliant signals at 270 Mbps. The standard
specifies a Serial Digital Interface (SDI) for digital video equipment operating at either the
525-line, 60 Hz or 625-line, 50 Hz video standard. After VBrick's MPEG-2 conversion, the
compressed video can be transported and utilized over a standard IP network.
The SDI module extracts AES/EBU or non-AES/EBU audio from Group 1 channels 1 – 4
from the incoming 270 Mbps data stream. These audio channels are embedded into the SDI
video stream and occupy space in the horizontal and vertical blanking interval. These four
channels are extracted into two SDI stereo streams of audio. SDI 1-2 contains the stereo
channels 1 and 2 from Group 1 of the embedded audio. SDI 3-4 contains the stereo channels
3 and 4 from Group 1 of the embedded audio. The SDI hardware can select either channels 1
and 2, or channels 3 and 4 from the SDI stream. Audio embedded in Groups 2, 3, and 4 of
the SDI stream will not be extracted. If desired, the user may bypass any embedded SDI
audio and provide analog audio input at the VBrick encoder. The SDI input module is
available with model numbers ending in –x101, –x111, –x102, –x112.
The Serial Digital Interface output module is similar to the SDI input module; however, the
output module provides an SDI signal to the end-user. The SDI output module plugs into the
decoder card, allowing MPEG-2 to be converted to the broadcast industry standard SMPTE
259M-C, 270 Mb/s serial signal, or SDI. The SDI output module operates at either the 525line, 60 Hz or 625-line, 50 Hz video standard. The decoder module does not provide EDH,
or Error Detect Handling.
The SDI output module multiplexes one group containing channels 1 and 2 of stereo (L/R)
audio into the serial video stream. Also included is the "standard" implementation of channel
status, provided for professional or broadcast use per AES3-1992 (r1997). The user may still
utilize the analog video and audio available at the decoder output while simultaneously using
VBrick MPEG-2 Appliance Admin Guide
57
the SDI output module. The SDI output module is available with model numbers ending in
–x110, –x011, -x111, -x010, -x012, –x112.
Configuration: Encoder
The following sections explain how to configure SDI encoders and decoders. Note that
closed captioning is not supported on SDI encoders or decoders.
Configuration: Encoder > Video
These parameters are used to configure the encoder video settings. The SDI (Serial Digital
Interface) is only available on –xxx1/-xxx2 equipped units (see Status: User Information for
part number). Several additional configuration parameters are available with SDI models. For
SDI equipped units, everything is the same as for VBrick models ending in -xxx1/-xxx2,
except for the fields shown below. Note that the Hue field is not available with SDI.
58
Vertical Offset Correction
This setting controls vertical offset correction for SDI
appliances.
SDI Cable Equalizer
This setting allows selection of SDI Cable Equalizer settings.
If set to on, the SDI Cable Equalizer maintains SDI signal
quality when SDI cables have a length greater than 10 meters.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
SDI Configuration
Configuration: Encoder > Audio
The encoder video and audio configurations for an SDI (Serial Digital Interface) equipped
appliance are only available on a model ending in part number –xxx1/–xxx2 (see Status: User
Information for part number). These parameters are used to set the SDI Encoder Audio
Input settings. For SDI equipped units, everything is the same as for the models ending in
-xxx1/-xxx2, except for the fields below.
SDI Audio Input
Input can be through 1/8" mini-phono jack, from AudioMate, or
from within the SDI data using SDI 1-2 or SDI 3-4.
Audio Gain
If SDI 1-2 or SDI 3-4 is chosen as the audio input, the audio gain
settings have no effect.
Configuration: Decoder
The SDI decoder does not display any additional fields in IWS. If an SDI board is present,
connecting to the output will produce SDI out of the appliance including Composite, SVideo, SDI, and Audio (analog and SDI). When a VBrick encoder is optioned with SDI video
input with PIP enabled the video that will be displayed in the PIP screen will originate only
from the standard NTSC video inputs and not from the SDI input.
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59
Note The MPEG-2 SDI decoder outputs audio via SDI and analog audio at the same time.
SDI audio is sent in SDI audio channels 1-2; it is also sent in SDI audio channels 3-4.
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Chapter 4
Status
The Status menu lets you view information and status relative to the VBrick appliance. The
Refresh button allows the user to update the statistics to display the most current values. A
Reset button is also present on some screens, allowing a user to reset all statistic counters.
Topics in this chapter
Status: System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Status: Network Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Status: Decoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Status: Encoder Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Status: Hard Drive Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Status: FTP Server Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Status: System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Status: User Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Status: System Information
This menu allows the user to view vital system information. Some of this information
represents parameters describing the VBrick as shipped; others provide information
concerning the current VBrick operation.
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62
System Model
Displays the model number of the appliance.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC (Media Access Control) address of the appliance.
MAC Address
Valid
Verifies that the MAC address is valid.
Current
Operational Mode
Indicates the current operational mode of the VBrick. The following
modes are supported:
• Run Mode – Normal operation.
• Diagnostics – User selected mode for running certain VBrick
diagnostics.
• Limited Run Mode – Limited operational mode (not selectable).
Normally occurs if a hardware problem exists within the VBrick
but it can still partially operate.
• Overloaded Mode – Limited operational mode (not selectable).
This mode occurs when the VBrick is configured to handle more
video than its operational capacity. It automatically reconfigures
itself to allow continued remote and local management. If this
occurs, the VBrick needs to be reconfigured to reduce the number
of streams and/or data rates. Under this condition, the appliance
temporarily reduces video traffic in order to maintain IWS
functionality.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Status
DHCP Status
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol – Ethernet models only.
Enabled/Disabled. Possible DHCP Status values:
• Disabled
• Succeeded
• Failed
• Succeeded without Subnet Value – No subnet value given;
generated from IP address.
• Succeeded with Invalid Subnet Value – Invalid subnet value given;
generated from IP address.
• Failed over Backplane – Device number invalid in backplane.
• Failed, Invalid Device Unit – Network interface device number
invalid.
• Failed Invalid Cookie – Network interface inoperable.
• Failed, Bind Failed – DHCP server not available or appliance not
connected to network.
• Failed, Out of Memory – Appliance is out of memory. Indicates a
severe condition.
• Failed, Parameter Get Failed – Couldn't retrieve a DHCP
parameter needed/requested.
• Failed, Invalid Boot File – Invalid boot file specified. Indicates a
severe condition.
• Failed, Invalid Retrieved IP address assigned by the server is not a
valid unicast address.
Temperature
Displays the temperature of the appliance (Celsius).
Fan State
Displays the state of the fan as Not Operational , High or Low.
Battery Status
OK or Failed.
Overloaded Count
Provides a count of the number of times the box has entered the
Overloaded state.
CPLD version
Displays the Main Board programmable device version number.
Boot Revision
Displays the date of the last boot revision.
Code Revision
Displays the date of the last code revision.
Release Revision
Displays the release version number.
CPU Utilization%
The percentage of the Central Processor in use at this time.
Power Supply
Voltage
Displays the measured voltages present and provided to the VBrick
(24V, 12V, 5V, 3.3V 2.5V). The tolerance range for 24V is minimum
18V to maximum 25V. The range for all other voltages is plus or
minus 5%.
Status: Network Status
Status: Network Status > Codec
This menu allows the user to view various network-level conditions.
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63
General
COM1/COM2
Passthrough
Operational State
The current operational state of COM1/COM2 serial Passthrough
port. There will be a conflict if the slot selected through the
Passthrough Destination parameter has neither an encoder nor a
decoder present; or has an encoder with a multicast destination; or has
an encoder with no configured destination. The possible values are:
• Disabled
• Enabled Active
• Enabled Conflict No Enc Or Dest
• Enabled Conflict Enc Multi Dest
• Enabled Conflict Enc No Dest
• Enabled Internal Error
• Enabled Rejected
• No Dedicated IP Addr
Conferencing State This setting indicates the unicast call state of the encoder.
• Free – Available for a conference.
• Busy – The VBrick is currently engaged in a conference.
• Disabled – The conference feature has been disabled.
• Unknown – The VBrick is in a transition state.
64
Active RFC-SAP
Count
This is the number of SAP sessions the appliance is currently listening
to for the purpose of RFC 2974-compliant SAP timing. This field
displays values when SAP timing is configured for RFC 2974 mode.
Network Port
Status
The status of the Ethernet network interface: Link OK or No Link .
Network Port
Speed
The speed of transmission for the Ethernet network interface: 10Mbit
or 100Mbit .
Network Speed
Mode
The mode of transmission for the Ethernet network interface: Full
Duplex or Half Duplex .
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Status
Interface
This section reports the existence of any undesired (and unrequested) video streams being
received by the VBrick. Unrequested streams greater than 1.5 Mbps are automatically flagged
and dropped. The reporting is made for each IP interface individually. On Ethernet models,
only one interface exists.
Extra Stream Count
Number of unexpected video streams being received on this
interface.
Misdirect IP Address
The IP Address of the appliance transmitting one of the extra
video streams received on this interface.
Orphan Count
Orphans are packet fragments received that do not have
corresponding head PDUs.
Status: Network Status > Routing
This display screen allows the user to view the Internal Routing Tables.
Destination
Network
Defines a target network (or device) that can be contacted via the
system. A value of 0.0.0.0, is used to indicate a default routing entry.
The 127.0.0.1 is always present and identifies the loopback route.
Local Gateway IP
Defines the intermediary network device (or entity) which is
responsible for IP forwarding to the given destination network
specified in the first column.
Network Mask
Defines the destination network's address scope specified in the first
column. Mask bits which are zeros, identify the host portion of the
address space. Bits that are "ones" identify the network portion.
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65
Status: Network Status > Network Time
Status: Network Status > IPv6
Status: Decoder Status
MPEG-2 Decoder Status
This menu lets you view vital Decoder statistics. As you Refresh , the Source IP Address and
Bytes Transferred fields are updated. If you see decoder sync, lost sync count, non-video
packets and unexpected fragments counts increase you should investigate your network.
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Status
Decoder State
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Displays decoder state from the decoder standpoint.
Idle
Setup Transport
Setup PCR And PID
Wait For STC Interrupt
Look For STC Active
Setup Elementary Streams
Setup Elementary Decoders
Audio STC Access Error
Normal Run
Start Channel Change
Wait On Both Audio Channels Change
Wait On Audio 1 Channel Change
Wait On Audio 2 Channel Change
Video Drain Command
Wait On Video Drain
Restart Video And Audio
Illegal
Wait For PID Interrupt
Transport Buffers Drain State
Wait On Transport Time Out
Receive State
Displays the detailed state of the decoders receive operation.
Transport Rate
The measured transport rate received by this decoder.
Source IP Address
The IP Address of the video source.
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Bytes Transferred
The number of receive bytes transferred.
Buffer Full Count
The number of times the decoder buffer filled to capacity.
Decoder Sync State Indicates whether the MPEG-2 transport layer has achieved its
synchronization. Most likely indicates a configuration or network
problem.
Lost Sync Count
The number of times the decoder has acquired synchronization with
the transport stream (see note under Unexpected Fragments).
Packets Received
The count of IP packets received.
Non Video Packet
The count of packets directed to this decoder, which are not part of
the video stream.
Unexpected
Fragments
The number of mis-ordered packets received. Each appliance
maintains a statistical report on Unexpected Fragments received from
a particular video stream. Note: If multiple devices in the same unit
(i.e. decoder or hard disk) are tuned to the same stream, the
Unexpected Fragments count on Slot1 is used exclusively to report
statistical results.
Packet Ordering
Packet ordering status. Packet ordering is temporarily disabled under
conditions, such as the IP ID is not increasing or disabled, or the
access method does not support reordering. Packets arriving over
Ethernet can be reordered.
Jitter Queue Status Status of the jitter Q. It is generally equal to the value of the Jitter
Queue of the decoder with the following exception: if a variable
transport (video, audio and idle frames included) rate stream is being
decoded then the jitter queue will be temporarily disabled. The Jitter
Queue will be re-enabled when the decoder senses that a video stream
of fixed rate transport is being received.
Audio Micro-code
Revision
Revision of the audio microcode on the decoder chip.
Video Micro-code
Revision
Revision of the video microcode on the decoder chip.
FPGA Revision
Revision of the FPGA chip on the decoder daughter card.
CPLD Revision
Revision level of the CPLD on the decoder daughter card.
PLX EEPROM
Revision
Revision level of the PLX EEPROM on the decoder daughter card.
Status: Encoder Status
This menu allows users to view vital Encoder statistics. As you Refresh you should see
Transmit State – Transmitting and the IP Bytes Transferred count should increment. If this
does not happen check your VBrick's encoder configuration or network.
MPEG-2 Encoder Status
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Status
Note The MPEG-2 encoder is designed to stream video indefinitely when it has a valid
video input and will stream black video for up to a few hours when the video input is
missing or invalid. However, if the video input has been invalid for more than a few
hours you should either reset the encoder or restart it by making an audio or video
configuration change.
Encoder State
Running indicates normal operation. Video Input Problem
indicates a problem with the video source. Verify that the video
source is working correctly and that your video cable is good.
Verify that the Configuration: Encoder > Video > Video Input
Type is properly set to Composite or S-Video to match your
source connection. Verify that Configuration: Encoder > Video >
Video Format is properly set to NTSC or PAL to match your
source format. Note that the WM encoder will transmit black
video when there is an input problem.
Micro-Code Revision
Displays the encoder micro-code revision.
FPGA Revision
Displays the FPGA revision number.
PLX EEProm Revision Displays the EEProm revision number.
Transmit State
Displays Transmitting or Not Transmitting.
IP Bytes Transferred
Number of bytes sent across the network
Buffer Full Count
Displays any full buffer counts that occur.
IP Packets Sent
Displays the number of packets sent across the network.
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Status: Hard Drive Status
MPEG-2 and VBStar only.
Status: Hard Drive Status > General
Disk Type
This variable contains the Hard Drive model number as reported by
the hard drive firmware.
Free Space
Amount of remaining space on the hard drive.
Video File Count
Number of files on the hard drive.
Read Errors
The count of reported block read failures.
Write Errors
The count of reported block write failures.
Open Errors
The count of reported file open failures.
Write Retries
The number of retries that have been attempted for block write
operations.
Read Retries
The number of retries that have been attempted for block read
operations.
Failed Retries
The count of all failed retries for read or write operations.
Status: Hard Drive Status > Pump
70
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Status
General
Hard Drive
Unformatted
File Not Found
File Cannot Be Opened
Invalid File
Failed To Get Length
Failed To Get Bit Rate
Error Sending Message
Pump State
Stopped
Running
Fast Forward Fast
Fast Forward Slow
Paused
Rewind Fast
Rewind Slow
Hard Drive Failed
No Batch File
Pump Bit Rate
The bit rate, in bits per second, of the stream being pumped.
Pump Duration
The duration, in seconds, of the stream being pumped.
Current File
Name of the file currently being transferred.
Network
Transmit State
Displays whether the pump is transmitting or not transmitting.
IP Bytes
Transferred
The number of transmit bytes of the UDP packets sent to the primary
destination.
Buffer Full Count
The number of times the hard drive memory buffer has filled to
capacity. It can occur when the hard drive is fragmented or almost full,
or when the stream rate being recorded is excessive.
IP Packets Sent
The number of UDP packets sent to the primary destination.
Status: Hard Drive Status > Recorder
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Stopped, Unformatted
Stopped, IO Error
Stopped, File Is Pumping
Running, From Power Up
Running, Scheduled
Running, User Initiated
Recorder State
Failed
Stopped, never started
Stopped, by user
Stopped, Disk Full
Stopped, File Size Limit
Stopped, FTP Overrun
Stopped, Duration Complete
IP Packets Received
The number of IP Packets received.
Bytes Transferred
The number of received bytes transferred across the internal bus.
IP Buffer Full Count The number of times the hard drive buffer has been filled to
capacity.
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Non Video Packet
The number of non-video packets received.
Unexpected
Fragments
The number of mis-ordered packets received. Each appliance
maintains a statistical report on Unexpected Fragments received
from a particular video stream. Note: If multiple devices in the same
unit (i.e. decoder or hard disk) are tuned to the same stream, the
Unexpected Fragments count on Slot1 is used exclusively to report
statistical results.
Source IP Address
The IP Address of the video source.
Receive IP Address
The configured receive IP address. If unicast, this is the same as the
source IP and address.
Detected Transport
Rate
The measured transport rate received by the recorder.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Status
File Start Time
Allows viewing the start date/timestamp for current or most recent
file.
Data Recorded
Bytes. Current file size of the file being recorded set to “0” if
recording is not in progress.
File in Progress
Name of the file currently being recorded.
Last Completed File
Name of the last file recorded.
FTP Status
Transfer in Progress
Idle
Invalid FTP Server
Invalid User Name
Invalid User Password
FTP File in Progress
Name of the file being transferred to the FTP server.
Local File Open Error
Socket Open Failure
Transfer Failure
Socket Quit Failure
Last Completed FTP Name of the last file that was sent to the FTP server.
File
Status: FTP Server Status
Status: System Log
Status: System Log > Config
This log contains a list of the latest VBrick configuration changes.
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Status: System Log > System Event
The system event log contains reports of system events within the VBrick. These events may
occur during normal operation and include reports of successful and unsuccessful attempts
to access video sources by the local decoder and access to the local encoder using RTSP.
Status: System Log > Traps
This log contains all of the SNMP traps generated by the box whether or not the traps have
been emitted.
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Status
Status: System Log > System Info
This log contains unexpected behaviors detected by the VBrick software. Normally this log is
used by VBrick Customer Support to help debug possible system malfunctions.
Status: User Information
Status: User Information > Main Board
This menu allows the user to view factory set information regarding the main board.
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User Information Version
As displayed.
Part Number
As displayed.
Box Serial Number
As displayed.
Customer Class
As displayed if any.
Manufacturing Date
As displayed.
Board Assembly Number
As displayed if any.
Hard Drive Assembly Number
As displayed if any.
Board Serial Number
As displayed.
MAC Address
As displayed.
Status: User Information > Slot1/Slot2
This menu allows the user to view factory set information relative to the slots in the
appliance.
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Status
User Information Version
As displayed.
Board Assembly Number
As displayed.
Lot Number
As displayed if any.
Main Board Serial Number
As displayed.
This Board Serial Number
As displayed.
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Chapter 5
Diagnostics
Topics in this chapter
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Diagnostics: Network Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Diagnostics: Device Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Diagnostics: Decoder Color Bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Diagnostics: Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Overview
There are two groups of diagnostics: Low Level Hardware Diagnostics and User Diagnostics.
Low Level diagnostics are run in Diagnostics mode. User diagnostics are run in normal Run
mode. (The Configured Operational Mode is set in Configuration: System as described below.)
You must be in Diagnostics mode to run Hard Drive Check Disk and Device Test POST
Tests. You can run all other tests from Run mode.
Note Since running in Diagnostics mode interrupts the passing of video, be sure to return
the appliance to the Run mode in order to return the appliance to its normal
operational state.
T
To change between normal Run mode and Diagnostics mode
1.
Log in with Administrator or Operator Privilege. The default login Username and
Password is admin/admin or operator/operator (case sensitive).
Go to the Configuration: System screen.
Click Begin Edit .
Set Configured Operational Mode as required.
Click Apply Changes.
The VBrick will then automatically save the changes and reset.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
User Diagnostics
There are four user diagnostics: Network Test, Device Test, Decoder Color Bar, and Hard
Drive.
Diagnostics: Network Tests
Diagnostics: Network Tests > Ping Test
This menu allows the user to initiate a data test from one VBrick to another. To Ping another
VBrick, it's necessary to enter Edit mode. Enter the IP address and Test Settings and select
the Start button. The Operational State will read Ping Test . After the test is completed, use
the Refresh button to display the results of the test. The results of the test will be displayed in
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the top portion of the screen. If the test is interrupted by pressing the Stop button, the
results of the test prior to termination will be displayed.
Address Mode
Select IP Address or Host Name and enter a corresponding value.
Number of Packets
Number of packets to send for the test (default = 4).
PDU
Protocol Description Unit size of packets, in bytes (default = 64).
Transmit Interval
In seconds (default is sending the packets in 1 second intervals).
Transmit Timeout
The length of time, in seconds, before the test times out, in the
event the target device fails to respond.
Diagnostics: Network Tests > Trace Route Test
The Internet is a large and complex aggregation of network hardware, connected together by
gateways. Tracking the route packets follow or finding a gateway where the packets are being
discarded is difficult. The Trace Route test attempts to trace the route an IP packet follows to
a specified Internet host. This test utilizes the Time To Live (TTL) field in the IP header to
allow intermediate nodes to be "discovered" via Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
Intermediate hops are discovered by launching probe packets with a small TTL and then
listening for an ICMP Time Exceeded reply from a gateway. Use Refresh , Start /Stop, and
Default to run the test.
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Diagnostics
Operational State
The currently selected test.
Address Mode
Select IP Address or Host Name and enter a corresponding value.
IP Address or Host
Name
Enter the information in the corresponding box.
Probe Count
Can be set from 3 to 20. The default setting is 3. This setting is the
number of probe packets sent to a host at each hop.
Trace Route Test Results
The results of the test appear at the top of the screen. The results include the Resolved IP
Address of the Destination Host Name. When the test is finished or stopped, the Overall
Result will display the result of the test, such as "Test Done," or "Max hops (=30) Finished,"
or "Test Stopped," etc. An entry shows the hop number, which is equal to the TTL, IP
address (and Host Name if available) of the gateway, and round trip time of each probe. If the
probe answers are received from different gateways, the address of each responding system
will be shown. If there is no response within a 5 second timeout interval, a "*" is printed for
that probe. If the result string exceeds 255 characters, the string will be terminated by ending
it with "Too Long."
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Diagnostics: Network Tests > Data Test
Data tests are used primarily to test the integrity of a network connection between two
VBricks. A loopback test takes all data received at the video IP port and retransmits the data
to the configured transmit IP destination. A loopback test may be used to observe the quality
of the video data after looping back at the destination. A loopback test is available only for
encoder-decoder models and is bi-directional. If appliance "A" is set in "loop back," it will
return any stream back to the originator.
Cell tests allow generation of a known data pattern and checking of the integrity of the data
pattern on reception. This test is often useful to verify a network service line before video
deployment. The transmit encoder generates the pattern and the receive decoder checks the
pattern. Statistics indicating good packets and identifying bad packets are provided in the
receive appliance. If you are using encoder-decoder models, the preferred method for
running cell tests is to initiate and terminate the test on one VBrick and to put the other
VBrick into loopback. The encoder can be configured to send a test pattern to any decoder
that receives and performs integrity checks. The network destination address in both the
encoder and decoder screens is used to direct all test packet data across the network. For this
test scenario, the test may be run in a timed mode or continuously. Statistics are updated on
the IWS page when you click the Refresh button.
Cell test is available for encoder-decoder, encoder only, and decoder only appliances. In this
mode the encoder VBrick transmits the data pattern and the decoder VBrick receives and
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Diagnostics
validates the data pattern. In this mode the following steps are recommended. No timed or
continuous option is available for this test mode.
•
•
•
•
Turn on transmit
Turn on receive
Turn off receive
Turn off transmit
Diagnostics: Device Test
This screen shows the results of the Power-On Self Test, which is automatically run when the
VBrick is reset or powered on. Other than that, running this test allows the operator to test
the hardware integrity of the VBrick appliance board by running the test one or more times
or by setting the test for continuous operation or for a certain number of test loops. This test
is not often used. It is necessary to be in Diagnostic mode before running these tests. Enter
Diagnostic mode from the Configuration > System screen. Don't forget to return to Run
mode after the tests are run. You must be in Edit mode before you can run this test. Test
Results include Pass, Fail , Not Present . Note that depending on the model, a low intensity
test sequence may take 5-15 seconds per test sequence; a high intensity test sequence can take
5-15 minutes or more.
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Diagnostics: Decoder Color Bars
The Decoder Color Bar test is a simple test that generates color bars at the video decoder and
outputs them in the place of video. It can be used to test basic decoder operation and the
monitor.
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Diagnostics
Diagnostics: Hard Drive
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Chapter 6
Maintenance
Topics in this chapter
Maintenance: Device Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Maintenance: Default All Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Maintenance: Read/Write Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Maintenance: Change Usernames & Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Maintenance: Device Information
The device information menu allows the user to set various system information. These
parameters are often used in SNMP managed networks.
System Description
Company name, model and serial number of appliance.
System Name
Name of the system (for example Hall 23-B).
System Location
Location of system (for example Washington Building).
System Contact
Contact name.
System Up Time
Displays the time elapsed since the last system reset or power cycle.
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Total System Up
Time
Displays the total time that the unit has been powered up.
Note The Device Information table creates a date and time stamp for every power or reset
event. When SNTP is enabled, the unit must reboot to synchronize time with the
SNTP server time. If the time moves dramatically forward (or backward), a
discontinuity may appear in the device table because of the SNTP time correction.
Maintenance: Default All Configuration
This menu allows the user to default all the configuration parameters of the VBrick.
Default All
Sets all parameters except IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway IP, User
Names, Passwords and System Date Time.
Factory Defaults
Sets all parameters including IP Address and associated settings to
factory defaults with the exception of System Date and Time.
Maintenance: Read/Write Configuration
Maintenance: Read/Write > Read From Device
The Read/Write Configuration page allows you to read configuration parameters from the
VBrick to a file, as well as write configuration parameters from a file to the VBrick. The file is
an .xml file and Internet Explorer is the assumed browser.
Note The VBrick appliance the .xml file is read from, and VBrick appliance the .xml file is
written to, must be running the same version of code.
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Maintenance
Read Configuration Data from Device
You can read the configuration parameters from the VBrick by clicking the Read button on
the page. After clicking on the button, an xml document with all the configuration
parameters will pop up (see Figure 4). The .xml document can then be saved to your PC as an
.xml file using File > Save As. To view this file offline, you must download the style sheet (see
click here on the screen) to the same directory as the saved file. Do not change the name of
the style sheet. It should always be saved as cfgdata.xsl and the first line at the top of the
configuration file must always be: <?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl"
href="cfgdata.xsl"?>
Note Firefox users: To view and/or save the configuration file, click Read and then Save to
Disk . Then use click here and save the stylesheet to disk. This will copy both items to
your desktop so you can view the configuration file using the stylesheet.
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Figure 4. Sample VBrick Configuration File
Maintenance: Read/Write > Write To Device
This page lets you write configuration parameters from an .xml file to the VBrick. On a
successful write, all parameters will be saved to Flash and the appliance will reboot. Only
administrator level users and above have Write privileges.
Note The VBrick appliance that the configuration file is read from, and VBrick appliance
that the configuration file is written to must be running the same version of code.
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Maintenance
Write Configuration Data to Device
T
To write configuration parameters to the VBrick from an .xml file
1.
Click the Browse button and navigate to the configuration file you want to write to the
appliance.
Click on the Write button to write the selected file to the VBrick. The configuration
parameters will be saved to Flash memory and the appliance will reboot. In the event of
a validation error, a message will appear on the screen. Click on Errors to view error
messages that might have caused the validation failure. The error list is not generated for
all types of write configuration failures so you may need to locate the error(s) manually
by clicking through the IWS pages in Edit mode and looking for error messages
highlighted in red.
2.
T
To create a configuration file
1.
Read the configuration from the VBrick and save as an .xml file. See Read Configuration
Data from Device above.
Use any text editor, preferably an .xml editor to make changes to the file. You can change
the "values" field as well as delete objects as necessary. Make sure the right data types are
used. For example if a parameter takes integer values, do not enter a string. Also IP
Address parameters must have the right IP syntax. Enter "0.0.0.0" to enter a null IP
address. Blanks and null strings are not valid IP Addresses.
2.
Maintenance: Change Usernames & Passwords
Maintenance: Usernames & Passwords > Change
Usernames & Passwords
This page lets an Administrator change usernames and passwords for security purposes.
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User Name
Enter desired user name. Cannot exceed 20 characters. It may
include any combination of alphanumeric characters and only the
following special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < >
Password
Enter desired password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. It may
include any combination of alphanumeric characters and only the
following special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < >
Confirm
Confirm new password entry. Note: Appliance will then inform the
user and perform a reboot.
Promiscuous Mode
This mode is used in conjunction with VBrick supplied ActiveX
controls. In promiscuous mode, no login or password is required.
When using the associated ActiveX components in this mode, either
the login password should be set to blank, (" ") or to the legal
administrated login/password. If promiscuous mode is disabled, the
legal administrator login/password must be entered when
configuring or using these controls.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Maintenance
Table 5. Default User Names and Passwords
User Level
Default User Name Default Password Authority
Administrator admin
admin
Read, diagnostics, edit, change password,
network and routing.
Operator
operator
operator
Read, diagnostics, edit.
Diagnostics
diagnostics
diagnostics
Read, diagnostics.
Public
public
public
Read
Maintenance: Usernames & Passwords > Change SNMPv3
Passwords
SNMPv3 provides additional security that exceeds that available with SNMPv2. SNMPv3
authentication provides the ability to validate the transaction between host and client and
hides the traffic with secure (DES) encryption. It also provides a user-based security model
rather than a community-based model. VBrick's implementation allows you to use both v1/
v2 and v3. For the highest security, disable SNMP v1/v2 (see Configuration: System >
Security on page 47).
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User Name
Read-only. Set user name on previous page.
Authentication Password Enter password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. May include any
combination of alphanumeric characters but only the following
special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < > See Table 5 for
defaults.
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Authentication Protocol
Select protocol: MD5 or SHA.
Privacy Password
Required.
Security Level
No Authentication, No Privacy (default).
No Privacy. Authentication.
Authentication and Privacy.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 7
Maintenance Mode
Topics in this chapter
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Maintenance Mode CLI Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Overview
Maintenance Mode is automatically launched when the software on the VBrick does not
boot. Maintenance Mode runs from a reduced functioning kernel that provides a limited CLI
and IWS interface. The Maintenance Mode interfaces provide minimal configuration
capabilities. Maintenance Mode can also be used as a means of downloading new firmware. If
your appliance enters maintenance mode during or after a firmware download you can simply rerun the
download and reset the appliance to return to normal run mode. Maintenance Mode is an
operational mode that in which a VBrick runs with a reduced subset of code. It normally
happens only when a power failure occurs during a software download. It provides limited
capacity of the IWS interface to manage some parameters of the VBrick appliance. Note that
security is maintained in Maintenance Mode, so the user must be at administrator level to
change the parameters.
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DHCP Enable/
Disable
If DHCP is enabled the VBrick must get it's IP address and Subnet
Mask from the DHCP server. If the DHCP server supplies the
Gateway address or DNS server address, these parameters will replace
user-entered parameters.
IP Address
IP address associated with the Ethernet interface of the VBrick.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask for the VBrick Ethernet IP address.
Gateway IP
Address
Gateway IP address for communicating across the Ethernet segment
attached to the VBrick.
Host Name
On Ethernet models, this is used for DHCP Client Host Name. The
Host Name defaults to the Media Access Control address, a hardware
address that uniquely identifies each node of a network. Host Name
can be 18 characters maximum and the first character must be a letter.
The remaining characters can be letters, numbers or hyphens.
Maintenance Mode Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Provides support for the download and upgrade of software via VBDownload.
Supports limited IWS and CLI for configuration and diagnosis.
Local access of the VBrick is supported through COM 2 on the rear of the box, refer to
the section on Command Line Interface (CLI) in Chapter 10 for details.
Remote configuration is supported over Ethernet. In addition, Maintenance mode will
configure these interfaces according to the parameters specified in Full Feature Mode.
Previously configured Usernames and Passwords are remembered in Maintenance Mode.
Maintenance Mode contains the ability to change the IP parameters for the Ethernet
port.
Maintenance Mode contains the ability to set the configuration parameters to defaults.
Maintenance Mode contains the ability to reboot the VBrick.
Maintenance Mode Limitations
•
•
•
•
Neither video nor audio can be sent or received while in Maintenance Mode.
Only the Ethernet IP parameters can be changed while in Maintenance Mode.
SNMP is not supported.
Unlike IWS and CLI operations in Full Feature Mode, Maintenance Mode IWS and CLI
do not automatically save and reboot when the network parameters are changed. In
Maintenance Mode, after the user initiates changes and then applies them, it is necessary
to manually save and reboot the appliance. Command Line Interface (CLI) in
Maintenance Mode does not support the Global Editing Commands: be, en and sh.
Maintenance Mode Indicators
There are three indicators that show when you are in Maintenance Mode:
•
•
96
If you enter Maintenance Mode, the front panel display (LCD screen) will read
Maintenance Mode xx", on the top line and the IP Address in the second line, "xx"
indicating the reason for being in Maintenance Mode.
If you log into the Integrated Web Server (IWS), the screen indicates the appliance is in
maintenance mode and the reason.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Maintenance Mode
•
The Telnet and/or Command Line Interface (CLI) prompt after you login is
VBMaintMode> and displays one of t he following codes.
Code 10
Operating system failed to load or the flash is corrupted.
Code 20
Critical system files are missing or corrupted.
Code 30
The Hardware Watchdog has failed.
Code 50
Invalid Flash parameters found, defaults used.
Code 60
Corrupted Bootline, default used.
Code FF
Application failed to start up successfully either because of the
configuration or another problem. The VBrick appliance will enter
Maintenance Mode if the appliance does not boot properly on four
consecutive attempts.
Maintenance Mode CLI Operation
After logging into Maintenance Mode as the Administrator, the VBMainMode> prompt is
displayed and one or more of the following command sequences can be issued from the
Command Line Interface. By design, in Maintenance Mode, after the user initiates changes
and applies, it is necessary to manually save and reboot. For more about the Command Line
Interface, see the Network Appliance Installation Guide.
T
To use CLI commands in Maintenance Mode
1.
2.
3.
Make all desired changes, in any sequence, using the commands in Table 6.
When done type c nt a to apply the changes.
Type sv to save the configuration.
Table 6. CLI Commands
Command
Description
Entry
e 2
To start the editor mode. This
command must be entered prior to
any other command.
Type e 1 to display editor status.
ex or exit
To leave the current menu level and
move up through the menu system.
rb
Reset the VBrick
Enter y (yes to reset).
sd
Set the configuration parameters to
factory defaults, except the Ethernet
IP parameters
Confirmation is requested.
sfd
Set the configuration parameters to
factory defaults, including the
Ethernet IP parameters
Confirmation is requested.
c nt 5 x
To enable or disable DHCP
1 – Disable DHCP
2 – Enable DHCP
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Command
Description
Entry
c nt 6 xxx
To edit the IP Host Name. The
default is the Media Access Control
(MAC) address, a hardware address
that uniquely identifies each node of
a network.
The Host Name can be a maximum of
18 characters; the first character must
be a letter and the last character a
number. The middle characters can be
letters, numbers or hyphens.
c nt 2
yy.yy.yy.y
y
To edit the IP address
Where yy.yy.yy.yy is the new IP
address.
c nt 3
zz.zz.zz.z
z
To edit the Sub Net Mask
Where zz.zz.zz.zz is the new subnet
mask associated with the Ethernet
interface.
c nt 4
vv.vv.vv.v
v
To edit the IP Gateway address
Where vv.vv.vv.vv is the IP address of
the IP gateway.
c nt 1
Displays the IP parameters
s ui m 1
Displays Board User Information.
The User Information contains the
part number and Ethernet MAC
address of the VBrick.
c nt a
Apply the changes
Must be issued prior to save.
sv
To save the configuration
Enter y (yes to save).
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 8
VBStar
Topics in this chapter
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
VBStar Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
VBStar Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
VBStar FTP File Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
VBStar Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Introduction
A VBStar is an MPEG-2 appliance with a hard drive; an industry-first MPEG-2 video
compression and transport appliance. Capacity depends on the video bit rate. For example, a
60 GB internal drive easily holds more than 24 hours at the bit rate of 5.5 Mbps and below
and hard drives continue to get larger. Refer to the specifications for your current hard drive.
Through its "store-and-forward" mechanism, VBStar transports DVD-quality video over
wide-area networks. It extends existing video capabilities in education, government,
surveillance and transportation. With VBStar, educational lectures, corporate messages, sales
training and technical information can be encoded and recorded and the video sent – all in
one step – for on-demand viewing from any location, on site or off. Live camera video can be
recorded to disk and transferred to another VBrick over the Internet to a remote monitoring
location for near real-time viewing.
A simple remote control command enables users to record video from any source, save
MPEG-2 video to an internal disk, and send it to a VBrick appliance anywhere in the world
over an IP network. VBStar also has Serial Digital interface capability for those in the
broadcast arena. The video can be viewed on any TV or computer monitor. VBStar includes
advanced features that allow users to record one stream while viewing another. Available with
both an encoder and a decoder, VBStar includes a hard drive for internal storage and onscreen recording and playback guides, all managed through the IR remote control. An on-
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screen icon indicates when a recording is in progress. VBStar combines digital television
recording, networking and video storage with an MPEG-2 video server in one compact
package. VBStar provides efficient, robust and feature-rich MPEG video storage and
playback capabilities. Through its record and FTP capability, VBStar eliminates the reliance
on broadband networks, including Quality of Service requirements. A VBStar encoder allows
recording and playing audio and high quality 30-frame per second MPEG video streams on
desktop PC's and Television monitors located anywhere in the world.
Recording vs. Archiving
MPEG-2 encoders behave differently when mixed models are present in the same enclosure.
For example when there is a WM encoder in Slot1 and an MPEG-2 encoder in Slot2, the
MPEG-2 recorder becomes an archiver and not a recorder. (An archiver can only record from
an associated encoder whereas a recorder can record from an encoder, a decoder, or from the
network.) This section explains in detail how the MPEG-2 encoder works when functioning
as a recorder (see VBStar Record on page 105). For an explanation of how the MPEG-2
encoder works when functioning as an archiver, see "Configuration: Encoder > Archiver" in
the WM Appliance Admin Guide.
Note In mixed models with an MPEG-2 encoder in Slot1 and an MPEG-4 encoder in Slot2,
you can only record from the MPEG-2 encoder.
VBStar Pump
MPEG-2 video can be played directly from the internal hard disk or streamed from the
VBrick to an unlimited number of desktops over an Ethernet/IP. The term "Pump" is used
in connection with VBStar screens to indicate that video stored on the hard drive may be
transmitted similar to the way VBrick delivers live video. Any file selected using any of the
management interfaces can be sent to any address on the network. To view the file locally, it
is necessary to specify the file and enter an appropriate multicast or unicast address into the
pump destination address field. A file may be pumped in batch mode or single file mode. The
designated file or batch may be pumped once or continuously. The file may also be pumped
automatically as soon as it is received through FTP.
Configuration: Pump > General
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VBStar
Click here to examine ... Click on this link to examine hard drive content. You must know
the user name and password to login to the FTP server and view
content. You can use any FTP client application to access the
hard drive using a URL like this: ftp://admin@<IP_Address>/D:
Be sure to login to the D: drive as shown. Do not modify or store
files on the C: drive. The C: drive has limited space and is reserved for
VBrick firmware.
Pump Mode
Used to set the stream to be controlled manually or to
automatically start at the VBStar Power-Up.
Pump File Name
This is the file that will "Pump". In batch mode, the Batch Base
File Name is usually entered as the Pump File Name, the batch
files will be played from the lowest numbered through the
highest number. If a batch file name is entered with a particular
batch file number, the file will be pumped using that file as the
starting point. Any missing files in the series will be skipped and
the next sequential file will play.
Example: If files test1.mpg through test15.mpg exist and the user
specifies test5.mpg, test5.mpg through test15.mpg will be played.
After playing test15.mpg, test5.mpg will be played again, even
though lower numbers of the file exist.
IR Enable
Is used to enable or disable the use of IR Controller to "Pump"
the specified stream.
Batch Enable
If enabled, a series of files in a batch will be played sequentially.
If disabled, only a single file will be played.
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Continuous Enable
If Once is selected the selected file or batch will play through to
completion and stop. If Continuous Repump is selected, the
selected file or batch sequence will be continuously played until
the stop button is pressed or a different file is selected. When the
file or batch has completed playing it wraps to the beginning and
plays again.
Auto Pump New File
Can be enabled or disabled to allow any file to be automatically
pumped on FTP reception. If batch mode is enabled, any file
with the identified base name will be pumped on FTP reception.
If batch mode is not enabled, any file FTP'd to the disk will be
pumped on reception. Some special cases of operation following
an FTP onto the hard drive.
• If both Batch Mode is enabled and Continuous Enable is
Continuous Repump, the FTP'd file that belongs to the series
is played when its turn is reached. If it is not part of the series,
it is not played.
• If Batch Mode is enabled and Continuous Enable is Once, all
files will be played. If the FTP'd file belongs to the series and
has a greater index than the last file played, then the FTP'd
file is played. Otherwise nothing happens.
• If Batch Mode is disabled and Continuous Enable is
Continuous Repump. The current file completes, and the new
file is played continuously.
• If Batch Mode is disabled and Continuous Enable is Once.
The current file will be completed and the FTP'd file will
start.
Pump State
Is a read only field that lets you know if the Pump is running or
stopped.
Configuration: Pump > Destination 1
See MPEG-2 Configuration: Encoder > Destination 1/Destination2 on page 31.
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VBStar
Configuration: Pump > Announce (SAP)
See MPEG-2 Configuration: Encoder > Announce (SAP) on page 34.
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Configuration: Pump > Operation
This screen shows you the status of your Pump and allows you to manually Start, Stop and
Pause the current Pump. Use the Refresh to update the status.
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VBStar
VBStar Record
Using Mixed Models
MPEG-2 encoders behave differently when mixed models are present in the same enclosure.
For example when there is a WM encoder in Slot1 and an MPEG-2 encoder in Slot2, the
MPEG-2 recorder becomes an archiver and not a recorder. This section explains in detail how
the MPEG-2 encoder works when functioning as a recorder. For an explanation of how the
MPEG-2 encoder works when functioning as an archiver, see "Configuration: Encoder >
Archiver" in the WM Appliance Admin Guide. In mixed models with an MPEG-2 encoder in
Slot1 and an MPEG-4 encoder in Slot2, you can only record from the MPEG-2 encoder.
Filename Syntax Rules
Hard drive features are designed to support a root directory and one level of subdirectory
when the hard drive is used for VBStar functions, such as Record, Pump, Playback, and
Automatic and Manual FTP. Filenames for Recording are set on the Configuration: Recorder
> General page in IWS. The syntax for a file name, including the directory name, is limited to
56 characters, consisting of a combination of the directory name, the file name and the
backslash. For example: d:\directoryname\filename.ext. The following syntax rules apply.
•
•
•
•
•
One sub-directory level is allowed.
56 total characters are allowed, including up to 25 in the directory name and up to 25 in
the file name.
Only 25 characters are allowed in the directory name. Note: \ " : * ? > < ¦ [ ] are
invalid characters.
Only 25 characters are allowed in the file name (of which 23 can be entered by a user).
The last two characters are reserved for an index number from 1-99 to support the
option of batch mode. The restriction on the root filename exists even if batch mode is
not enabled to allow a switch to batch mode without requiring a change to the filename.
The extension (.ext) has a maximum three characters, only alphanumeric. The default
extension is .mpg. The allowable extensions are .mpg, .m2g, .m2t and .m2v.
Recording Batch Files
Batch mode records video in pieces. It allows a VBrick to transfer segments of a conference,
event, training session, or any video, to a remote VBrick, while continuing to record. Batch
processing minimizes the delay inherent with store-and-forward video, providing MPEG-2
video in near-real time. Batch files names are created in the Recorder: General section of
IWS. A batch file is one of a group of files that are handled as a single entity. The Recorder
File Name is the base file name of the batch, for instance filename.mpg. Three digits are
reserved at the end of the base file name to signify the index number of the batch file. Index
numbers are assigned to the base file name from 1–999 as files are recorded (filename1.mpg
through filenamexxx.mpg).
When VBStar creates a file for batch record, two files are created; the first is the file currently
being recorded, and the second is the next index file, readied to receive data. Video is
recorded into a batch file until the batch duration time is reached, or 4 GB, whichever comes
first. When the first file is full, the new file becomes the target of the record operation. In
batch mode, if the batch base file name is used as the Recorder File Name , the first file
recorded will be numbered one greater than the most recent file recorded. For instance, if
test.mpg is selected as the Recorder File Name, the batch file numbering will start at
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test1.mpg; if test1.mpg, test2.mpg and test3.mpg exist, and the Recorder File Name is still set
at test.mpg, the new recording will start at test4.mpg. If the Recorder File Name is set at to
particular index number, such as test2.mpg, the first file to be recorded will be test2.mpg and
the batch recording will increment from that number.
Note The maximum batch file size is 4 GB. If an attempt is made to record files using the
maximum file size (4 GB) in the maximum number of batch files (999), the files can
exceed the hard disk drive storage capacity. If the files are large, it might be best to set
a Batch Wrap Point.
Batch Wrap Point and Record Duration
A Batch Wrap Point sets the number of files to be recorded. When the specified number of
files has been created, the previously recorded batch files will be deleted and recorded over,
starting from the earliest file. For example, if a Batch Wrap Point is set to 10, and test.mpg is
the Recorder File Name, the files will be recorded from test1.mpg, test2.mpg, up to
test10.mpg.
Batch File Recording can be set to a specific number of seconds or Continuous. If Batch is
enabled and set to Continuous, when the maximum number of batch files is reached,
recording will record over the files previously recorded, starting from the first file. As one file
is being recorded, the next index file is deleted to get ready to receive data (from 1 to 999).
For example, if the wrap point is set to 10 and a batch file name is specified as test5.mpg, the
files will be recorded (or recorded over) starting at test5.mpg and increment until test10.mpg
is reached. When the number of files reaches the Batch Wrap Point of 10, the files will be
recorded over starting with test1.mpg.
Note If VBStar encounters an interruption in file transfer during batch recording, the file
being recorded and the next file will both be affected. The file in the process of being
replaced will be partially recorded. The next sequential file that was deleted to get
ready for receiving data will be missing.
Configuration: Recorder > General
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VBStar
Click here to examine Opens an Internet Explorer FTP session window. See
...
Configuration: Recorder > Operation on page 109 for more
information.
Recorder Mode
• User Controlled – The user controls when to record files via any
of the following methods: IWS, CLI, IR Remote, SDK, or
SNMP.
• Start Record on Power-up – When the appliance is powered up
the files will begin being transferred.
• Recorder Schedule – Files will be recorded at a scheduled time.
IR Enable
Enables or disables only the Record and Send buttons on the
Infrared handheld remote control device. The master enable/disable
for all functions is in Configuration: System > General.
Recorder File Name
The root name of the file to be recorded. The VBStar recorder can
automatically use current date, current time, and/or host name
when it creates a new file. Use this feature by configuring the
filename to contain any of the following strings in any order.
• >h or >H – Host Name.
• >d or >D – Current Date.
• >t or >T – Current Time.
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Recorder Source
Defines the source of video for record. When Dedicated is selected
as the Recorder source, the Network option screen appears as a
selection. The Network selections allow the user to set parameters
necessary to record video from a particular Receive IP address and
Port. If a slot is selected as the Recorder Source, the Network screen
does not appear and whatever video is being received by the
designated decoder is recorded.
• Dedicated – Indicates that the settings are read from the VBStar
settings on the Configuration: Recorder > Network page is IWS.
• Decoder Slot # – Indicates that the settings are set for a specific
Decoder Network Configuration. When a Slot # is specified, the
Network option does not appear since it has no affect.
Recorder Schedule
Specify the begin date and time for the archive in
format (with hh:mm in 24-hour format).
Record Duration
The length in seconds of the entire recording session, or
Continuous.
Batch Enable
Disabled or Enabled. If enabled, the recorder will create a series of
files and the files will be numbered incrementally.
Batch Duration
The length of each batch file in seconds or Maximum. The
minimum length is 30 seconds.
Batch Wrap Point
Sets the number of batch files (1–999) that will be recorded before
"wrapping over" the previously recorded files (from lowest to
highest batch number).
Auto FTP after
Record
Disabled or Enabled. If enabled, the file is automatically FTPed
when the recorded file is completed.
mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm
New File on Channel Determines whether or not the Hard Drive starts a new file upon
Change
channel change while recording.
OSD Recorder
Indicators
Selecting will show indictors that will appear on the attached TV
screen indicating a record session is in progress. This is a decoder
function.
FTP Server Enable
1 to 8 servers are available for FTP. The parameters for these servers are set in the
Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Server menu screen of IWS. When more than one server
is enabled, the appliance will transfer the newly recorded file to each of the enabled severs, up
to a maximum of eight.
Since FTP transfer can be a slower process than the recording process, it is possible to
overrun the FTP queue, especially if many servers are enabled. Also, if operating in Batch
record mode and the recorder attempts to open a new file that has not been completely
transferred, the recorder will stop. The Failure condition is noted in the Recorder Status
menu.
Configuration: Recorder > Network
The Network configuration tab is only displayed if you select Dedicated for Recorder Source
on the previous Configuration: Recorder > General page.
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VBStar
Receive Address
Mode
Allows the user to specify how the receive address will be
configured: IP address or Host Name.
Receive Host Name
The source for video to be received by using Host Name of the
source. This parameter can be used only for a unicast source.
Receive IP Address
In multicast mode, this parameter selects the receive IP Address for
the Recorder. In unicast mode, this parameter is optional. If left
blank, the Recorder will accept all data received on the receive IP
port. If set, the Recorder will communicate with any VBrick having
the encoder "unicast poll" option set and instruct it not to transmit
its stream unless the encoding VBrick has the selected receive IP
Address.
Receive Port
The receive port designates what local IP port is assigned to listen
for incoming video.
Receive Mode
This read-only parameter informs the operator whether the selected
receive IP Address is Unicast or Multicast.
Packet Ordering
Toggles the state IP packet ordering. The identification number in
the IP header determines IP packet ordering. Out of order packets
are discarded prior to being given to the decoder. Generally, when
packet ordering is enabled, the VBrick will store the out of order
packets and attempt to reassemble the entire datagram. Some
sources of video may not utilize the identification number field in a
consistent manner and therefore the packet ordering feature may
need to be disabled.
Configuration: Recorder > Operation
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Click here to examine This link opens an Internet Explorer FTP session window. The link
...
to view the hard drive content from the Integrated Web Server
spawns an additional Internet Explorer window. After logging out
of the IWS, it is a good idea to close all Internet Explorer windows
and exit Internet Explorer. Note that it is not possible to view the
VBrick's hard disk when running Microsoft Internet Explorer on
Windows NT. Due to a limitation in Windows NT, Internet
Explorer FTP is not invoked.
110
Recorder State
Displays the state of the recorder. Values can be
Failed
Stopped, never started
Stopped, by user
Stopped, Disk Full (less than 100 MB remains)
Stopped, File Size Limit (approximately 4 GB)
Stopped, FTP Overrun
Stopped, Duration Complete
Stopped, Unformatted
Stopped, IO Error
Stopped, File Is Pumping
Running, From Power Up
Running, Scheduled
Running, User Initiated
Recorder Mode
Reports the Recorder mode, User Controlled, Start Record on
Power-up, or Scheduled.
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VBStar
User Controlled
The user controls which files to record and send to which
configured server.
Start Record on
Power-up
When the appliance is powered up, the recorder will automatically
start.
Scheduled
The files will start recording at the scheduled time.
Receive IP Address
The address of the video source. If unicast, this is the same as the
sender's source IP address.
Recorder File Name
File name to be recorded.
File Start Time
Starting time of the recording.
Data Recorded
Reports the number of bytes currently recorded.
File in Progress
Name of the file currently being recorded.
FTP Status
The status of the Hard Drive FTP send. Values can be:
Transfer in Progress
Idle
Invalid FTP Server
Invalid User Name
Invalid User Password
Local File Open Error
Socket Open Failure
Transfer Failure
Socket Quit Failure
File in Progress
Name of the file currently being sent to the FTP destination
server(s).
• Last Complete FTP File – Name of the last completed file sent
via FTP.
• Operation Functions Buttons:
• Start Recorder – Starts recording selected file (s) to the Hard
Drive destination.
• Stop Recorder – Stops recording selected file (s).
• FTP Auto Send – FTP last recorded file via enabled servers.
• Refresh – Refreshes the content of this screen.
Last Completed File
The name of the last completed file. In a batch file, this is the last
indexed file completed.
VBStar FTP File Transfer
Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Servers
Up to eight servers are available and can be simultaneously selected. When more than one
server is enabled, the appliance will transfer the newly recorded file to each of the enabled
severs, up to a maximum of eight. Since FTP transfer can be a slower than the recording
process, it is possible to overrun the FTP queue, especially if many servers are enabled. Also,
if operating in Batch record mode and the recorder attempts to open a new file that has not
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been completely transferred, the recorder will stop. The failure condition is noted in the
Recorder Status menu.
FTP Server 1–8
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Name
Ftpserver1 through Ftpserver8.
Type
VBrick or Non-VBrick Appliance.
• VBrick Appliance – When sending to a VBrick appliance, the
serving VBrick must select the D: directory. The configuration of
VBrick Appliance automatically adds D: to the path name or to any
other configured folder or as part of the Directory entry. If no
folder is specified, all files will be transferred to the D: directory.
Additionally, subfolders may be specified.
• Non-VBrick Appliance – A non-VBrick appliance setting allows a
destination server to select its own path name, based on account
user name and password. In this case, the Directory setting may be
used to specify any sub-folder on the server.
DNS Name/IP
The DNS server name or IP address for the FTP server. It accepts up
to 20 characters. The Host Name/IP must be a DNS Host Name.
User Name
The FTP server user's account name.
Password
The password required to access the FTP server. Optional entry.
Accepts up to 20 characters. The FTP User Name and Password must
be set up properly on the remote FTP server. If they are not entered
the same as what is set up on the server, the VBrick will be unable to
connect and perform the transfer.
Account
The account name required to access the FTP server. Optional entry.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
VBStar
Directory
This object allows a manager to switch to a different directory within
the FTP server after login. Optional entry. Accepts up to 64
characters. Anonymous FTP is not supported.
Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Transfers
You can separately setup and use eight servers for FTP File Transfer. Enter the server
parameters in the Configuration: FTP File Transfer > Servers screen of IWS.
FTP Status
Current File
The filename of the current file being FTPed.
Destination
FTP server name from server configuration page.
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State
The current state of the Hard Drive. Values can be:
• Transfer in Progress
• Idle
• Invalid FTP Server
• Invalid User Name
• Invalid User Password
• Local File Open Error
• Socket Open Failure
• Transfer Failure
• Socket Quit Failure
Size
Size of the file to be sent.
Rate
Transmitted data rate of the file being FTPed.
Transfer
Current amount transferred.
Last Queue
Operation
File added OK; or File removed OK; or blank.
FTP Queue Operation
Changes to the entries on the screen d not take effect until you select an action button (Add
to FTP Queue , Remove from FTP Queue or Flush Queue ).
Directory
The target directory located on the server. See notes under sending to
VBrick and non-VBrick appliances in the previous IWS screen.
File
Name of the File from the hard drive.
Batch
The batch filename of an individually indexed batch file. If a whole
batch is to be FTPed, File should be set to the base name of that
batch and this object is to be set to Entire Batch.
Destination
The server to which the file or files is to be transferred. Servers are
configured in the Servers section of the same page.
Add to FTP Queue Adds the selected file or the batch of files, as indicated by to the FTP
file and Batch drop-down box. FTP transfer starts immediately after
operation.
Remove from FTP
Queue
Allow the file to be removed from the FTP transfer queue.
Flush Queue
Removes all the current files from FTP transfer queue. It also makes
any changes made to the variables of this group operational before
performing this flush action, so that the values of variables in this
group represent the actual values used by the VBrick.
VBStar Status
For a description of VBStar Status screens, see Status: Hard Drive Status on page 70.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
VBrick Systems, Inc.
12 Beaumont Road
Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA