Polaris 600 RMK 144/155 User's Manual

Pantone 425C
For your nearest Polaris dealer,
call 1-800-POLARIS
or visit www.polarisindustries.com
Polaris Sales Inc.,
2100 Hwy. 55, Medina, MN 55340
Phone 1-888-704-5290
Part No. 9922332 Rev 01
Printed in USA
WARNING
Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in
this manual and on all product labels.
Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
The text is printed on 100% recycled
with 40% post-consumer waste (PCW).
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our worldwide family of Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting line of
utility and recreational products.
• Snowmobiles
• All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
• RANGER® utility vehicles
• Victory Motorcycles®
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of your
Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your manual
contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information about
major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and should be
performed only by a factory certified Master Service Dealer® (MSD®)
technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our complete line of apparel, parts and accessories, available through our online store at www.purepolaris.com. Have
your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
1
POLARIS, THE WAY OUT, PERC, DRAGON, IQ, RMK and ASSAULT are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2009 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is
based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant
improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference use
only. No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse
of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is
expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
2010 Owner’s Manual P/N 9922332
600/800 RMK 144/155, 700 RMK 155,
800 DRAGON RMK 155/163, 800 ASSAULT RMK
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
This section contains helpful information for owners and drivers and
illustrates the location of important identification numbers that should
be recorded in the owner’s manual.
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
This section describes safe vehicle operation and identifies warning
decals and their locations.
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
This section identifies the locations of your snowmobile’s controls and
features.
The Perfect Fit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
This section explains how to tailor the suspension and other features for
an optimum riding experience.
Pre-Ride Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
This section explains procedures that must be performed before riding.
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
This section explains proper engine break-in, operation of features and
general operating procedures.
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
This section defines your role, and your dealer’s role, in your snowmobile’s regular maintenance.
Polaris Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
3
4
INTRODUCTION
Important Notes for Owners and Drivers
After reading this manual, store it in the snowmobile for convenient reference. It should remain with the snowmobile when the snowmobile is
sold.
Some of the illustrations and photos used in this manual are general representations. Your model may differ.
Follow the maintenance program outlined in this manual. Preventive
maintenance ensures that critical components of the snowmobile are
inspected by your dealer at specific mileage intervals.
You and your dealer must complete the registration form included with
your snowmobile and forward it to us. This completed form is necessary
to ensure warranty coverage.
Protect and preserve your right to ride by joining your local trail riding
clubs.
When teaching inexperienced operators to ride, set up a predetermined
course for practice. Make sure they know how to drive and control the
snowmobile before allowing them to make longer trips. Teach them
proper snowmobile courtesy, and enroll them in driver’s training and
safety courses sponsored by local or state organizations.
5
INTRODUCTION
Preservation of the Environment
Polaris is committed to supporting an environmental education campaign. We encourage state and provincial governments across the snowbelt to adopt rigorous safety training programs that encourage protection
of our environment, including wildlife and vegetation.
Snowmobile clubs and other organizations are working together to protect our environment. Please support their efforts and operate your
snowmobile with consideration for the protection and preservation of
our environment.
Noise Level
One of the most publicized issues about snowmobiles is noise. The
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the standard-setting body for
snowmobile development, recommends that snowmobiles conform to
prescribed sound levels.
Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards.
Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be
altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be welcome
to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your
snowmobile with concern for others. We do our part by manufacturing
quieter machines; we ask your help to further reduce the impact of noise
by operating your snowmobile safely and responsibly.
6
INTRODUCTION
Vehicle Identification Numbers
Record your snowmobile’s identification numbers and key number in
the spaces provided below. The key number is stamped on the spare key.
The number on the rubber-coated key is in the form of raised dots.
Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. An ignition key can be
duplicated only by ordering a Polaris key blank (using your key number) and mating it with one of your existing keys. The ignition switch
must be replaced if all keys are lost.
VIN
Vehicle Model Number: ___________________________________________________
Tunnel VIN: _____________________________________________________________
(lower right side of the tunnel)
Engine Serial Number (on valve cover): _______________________________________
Key Number: ___________________________________________________________
7
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual
and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the
manual.
The safety alert symbol indicates a potential personal injury hazard.
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
death or serious injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates a situation that may result in property damage.
8
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Follow the recommended maintenance program outlined beginning on
page 71 of this manual to ensure that all critical components on the
snowmobile are thoroughly inspected by your dealer at specific mileage
intervals.
WARNING
Driving a snowmobile requires your full attention. DO NOT drink alcohol or use
drugs or medications before or while driving or riding as a passenger. They will
reduce your alertness and slow your reaction time.
Snowmobiles are capable of traveling at high speeds. Use extra caution to
ensure operator safety. Make sure your snowmobile is in excellent operating
condition at all times. Always check major and vital safety components before
every ride.
All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation when
used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed or power. DO
NOT MODIFY YOUR MACHINE. The snowmobile may become aerodynamically unstable at speeds higher than those for which it is designed. Loss of control may occur at higher speeds. Modifications may also create a safety hazard
and lead to bodily injury.
The warranty on your entire machine is terminated if any equipment has been
added, or any modifications have been made, to increase the speed or power of
the snowmobile.
9
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Stay Clear of Track
Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially
exposed for proper operation.
WARNING! Serious injuries may result if hands,
feet, or clothing become entangled in the track.
Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated
to stay clear of the track. Never hold the
snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming
up the track. A loose track or flying debris could
cause serious injury or death. We recommend
having your dealer perform all track service and
alignment procedures.
Stay Clear of Engine
Never attempt adjustments with the engine running. Turn off the ignition, raise the hood, make the adjustment, secure shields and guards,
secure the hood, and then restart the engine to check its operation.
WARNING! Serious injury can occur if fingers or clothing contact the moving
parts of an engine. Always stop the engine before attempting adjustments.
10
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Riding Position
Operating a snowmobile requires skill and balance for proper control.
Rider positions may vary with experience; but under many conditions,
the proper position is to be seated with both feet on the running boards
and both hands on the handlebar grips for proper throttle, brake and
steering control.
WARNING! Improper riding position may reduce control and could result in
serious injury or death. Always ride in a position that allows for control of your
vehicle.
Survival Preparation
For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers. Always
tell someone where you’re going and how long you expect to be gone. If
it isn’t possible to ride with others, and you must travel into remote
areas, always carry survival equipment that’s appropriate to the conditions you may encounter. Such equipment may include, but is not limited to: extra clothing, a sleeping bag, a flashlight, food and water, a
signaling mirror, a means of building a fire, and a two-way radio or cellular telephone.
Always carry the owner’s manual on your snowmobile. For added protection, purchase and carry the following items on your snowmobile as
well:
•
•
•
•
•
Spare Drive Belt
Extra Set of Spark Plugs
Tow Rope
Extra Oil
Fuel Deicer
•
•
•
•
Winter Survival Kit
Trail Map
First Aid Kit
Tool Kit
11
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Riding Apparel
Helmet
Wearing a helmet can prevent a severe head injury. Whenever riding a
Polaris vehicle, always wear a helmet that meets or exceeds established
safety standards.
Approved helmets in the USA and Canada bear a U.S. Department of
Transportation (DOT) label.
Approved helmets in Europe, Asia and Oceania
bear the ECE 22.05 label. The ECE mark consists
E4
of a circle surrounding the letter E, followed by the
051039
distinguishing number of the country which has
0006.31
granted approval. The approval number and serial
number will also be displayed on the label.
Eye Protection
Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. Whenever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a
shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC
8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE. Make sure protective eye wear is kept clean.
Clothing
Be prepared, be warm and be comfortable when riding. Be aware of
the weather forecast, especially the
windchill, and dress accordingly.
See the chart on page 21.
WARNING! Avoid wearing loose
clothing or long scarves, which can
become entangled in moving parts and
cause serious injury. Always wear an
approved helmet and eye protection.
12
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Disabled Operators
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and
physical skills.
WARNING! Operators with cognitive or physical disabilities have an increased
risk of loss of control, which could result in serious injury or death. Do not allow
disabled persons to operate this vehicle.
Rider Capacity
Your Polaris snowmobile is designed for a single rider only. Do not
carry a passenger.
Excessive Speed
WARNING! High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious injury
or death. Always reduce speed when driving at night or in inclement weather.
Always observe all state and local laws governing snowmobile operation and speed limits. Always be alert and pay attention to the trail
ahead. If your speed is 40 MPH (64 km/h), your snowmobile is traveling
about 60 feet (18 m) per second. If you look back for only two seconds,
your snowmobile will travel about 120 feet (36 m). If your speed is 60
MPH (96 km/h), your snowmobile will travel about 180 feet (55 m) in
two seconds.
Traveling at night requires extra caution. Check headlight and taillight
to ensure proper operation, and don’t over-drive your headlight beam.
Always be able to bring your snowmobile to a stop in the distance illuminated by the headlight.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driver Awareness
Slow down when traveling near poles,
posts, or other obstacles. Be especially
alert if you’re snowmobiling after dark.
Always be on the alert for wire fences.
Single strands are especially dangerous,
since there may be a great distance
between posts. Guy wires on utility poles
are also difficult to distinguish.
Make sure the way is clear before crossing
railroads and other roads and highways.
The noise of your snowmobile will drown
out the sound of approaching vehicles.
Look ahead, behind, and to both sides
before turning or crossing railroad tracks
or highways. Steep embankments may
also hide your view. Always leave yourself
a way out.
R
R
Variances in snow depth and/or water currents may result in uneven ice
thickness. You may drown if you break through the ice. Avoid travelling
on frozen bodies of water.
14
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Avalanches
Snowmobilers should always be properly
trained and equipped before traveling in
mountainous terrain:
•
•
•
•
Take an avalanche class
Travel with experienced people
Travel on designated trails
Make sure each person is equipped
with a shovel, probe and avalanche
beacon.
You don’t have to be snowmobiling on a slope for an avalanche to occur.
Be aware that all of the snow is connected. You may be riding on a flat
slope or snow covered road, but if the snowpack above is unstable
enough you can trigger an avalanche on a steeper slope above you.
Always be aware of snow conditions above you as you travel in mountainous terrain.
Before riding in mountainous terrain, call or log on to your local avalanche advisory to get current weather and snow stability information.
For more information about avalanche training and avalanche conditions, contact local law enforcement in your area, or visit the American
and Canadian online avalanche centers at www.avalanche.org.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Ice and Snow Build-up
WARNING! Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your
snowmobile, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free
of snow and ice.
Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice
and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering. If difficulty
is encountered, remove ice and snow build-up that may be obstructing
the steering linkage.
Driving Downhill
When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the snowmobile
and reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep
the clutch engaged, allowing the engine’s compression to help slow the
snowmobile and keep it from rolling freely downhill.
WARNING! When driving on long downhill stretches, pump the brakes. Riding
the brakes may cause the brake system to overheat, which may result in brake
failure. Excessive or repetitive use of the brakes for high speed stops will also
cause an overheated brake system. This condition may lead to a sudden loss of
brakes and/or fire and may result in serious injury or death.
16
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
WARNING! Never attempt an abrupt change of direction when operating on
slippery surfaces. Proceed slowly and use extra caution. Driving on ice or hardpacked snow reduces steering and braking control, which may result in loss of
control and serious injury or death. Slow down and use extra caution when
operating on slippery surfaces.
Driving in Hilly Terrain
WARNING! Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of
balance and snowmobile rollover, causing serious injury or death. Use caution
and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain.
Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain. If climbing a hill is
unavoidable, keep your weight low and forward. If you must cross the
face of a slope, keep your weight on the uphill side of the snowmobile to
maintain proper balance and avoid possible rollover.
Slow down when reaching the crest of a hill. Be prepared to react to
obstacles, sharp drops or other people or vehicles that may be on the
other side of the hill.
If you’re unable to continue up a hill, turn the snowmobile downhill
before it loses momentum. If this isn’t possible, spin the track just
enough to dig in to prevent it from rolling back down the hill. Stop the
engine and set the parking brake (if equipped). Keeping away from the
downhill side of the snowmobile, pull the rear of the snowmobile
around and point the front end and skis downhill. Remount the snowmobile, restart the engine, release the parking brake, and descend the hill
carefully.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Drive Belt
Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed.
Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed
by your dealer.
NOTICE: Operation of the engine with the belt removed may result in injury or
damage to the engine.
Intake Silencer
Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.
Damage to the engine may occur if the intake silencer or filter are
removed.
Clutches
Do not attempt to service the clutches.
All clutch service must be performed by your dealer. The clutch is a
complex mechanism that rotates at high speeds. Each clutch is dynamically balanced before installation. Any tampering may disrupt this precision balancing and create an unstable condition.
Cold Weather Drive-Away
Whenever your snowmobile has been parked for a length of time, especially overnight, always make sure the skis and track are loosened from
ice and snow before attempting to drive. Apply the throttle with enough
authority to put the snowmobile into motion, but always operate within
safety limits and, on 2-up machines, with respect for a passenger.
Maneuverability
While much control and maneuverability is achieved through the steering system and skis, maximum control is achieved by the shifting of
your body weight. Maneuverability will change for lighter operators or
snowmobiles designed to carry a load or a passenger.
18
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Inadequate Snow Conditions
Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide suspension
and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine, adequate snow
cover is a requirement for operation of your snowmobile.
NOTICE: Driving in too little snow will result in excessive wear and damage to
the slide rail, track and/or engine.
WARNING! Inadequate cooling and lubrication will lead to overheating of the
slide rail and track, causing premature wear, damage and failure, which can
result in serious injury. Reduce speeds and frequently drive into fresh snow to
allow adequate cooling and polishing of the slide rail and track surfaces. Avoid
operating for prolonged periods on ice, hard-packed surfaces or roads.
Operating in Deep Snow
If the snowmobile becomes stuck in snow, clear the running board area
of snow, then step down the snow in front of the snowmobile so that
when the throttle is opened, the snowmobile will be able to climb up and
over the snow.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driving Responsibly
Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile conditions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you’re
new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with
what it will and won’t do under various conditions. Even seasoned drivers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before
attempting ambitious maneuvers.
• A snowmobile depends on the rider’s body position for proper balance in executing turns, traversing hills, etc. Always start on a
smooth, level area to begin building your operating experience.
• Before allowing someone else to use your snowmobile, know the
extent of their operating skills. Check to see if they’ve taken a snowmobile safety course and have an operator’s certificate. For their protection, as well as yours, make sure they take a snowmobile safety
course. Everyone can benefit from the course.
• Don't "jump" your snowmobile over large drifts or similar terrain.
Jumping may injure your back because of spinal compression that
could occur when the snowmobile impacts the ground. The seat and
suspension of your snowmobile have been designed to provide protection under normal riding conditions. Your snowmobile is not
intended for this kind of use.
• Be courteous to oncoming traffic by dimming your headlights and
reducing your speed.
• When traveling in a group of snowmobiles, don’t tailgate (follow too
closely). Leave enough distance between snowmobiles to provide
ample stopping room and to provide protection from flying snow and
debris. Allow even more distance when driving on slippery surfaces
or when driving in darkness or other low visibility conditions. Be
aware of any snowmobile traffic around your vehicle. Drive defensively to avoid accidents.
• Remove the key from the ignition when you leave the snowmobile
unattended.
20
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Windchill/Temperature Charts
The following information is provided to help you determine when temperatures become dangerous for riding.
WIND CHILL CHART (°F)
Wind
Speed
40
in
MPH
Actual Thermometer Reading (_F)
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45
Equivalent Temperature (_F)
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
5
36
31
25
19
13
7
1
-5
10
34
27
21
15
9
3
-4
-10 -16 -22 -28 -35 -41 -47 -53 -59 -66 -72
15
32
25
19
13
6
0
-7
-13 -19 -26 -32 -39 -45 -51 -58 -64 -71 -77
20
30
24
17
11
4
-2
-9
-15 -22 -29 -35 -42 -48 -55 -61 -68 -74 -81
25
29
23
16
9
3
-4
-11 -17 -24 -31 -37 -44 -51 -58 -64 -71 -78 -84
30
28
22
15
8
1
-5
-12 -19 -26 -33 -39 -46 -53 -60 -67 -73 -80 -87
35
28
21
14
7
0
-7
-14 -21 -27 -34 -41 -48 -55 -62 -69 -76 -82 -89
40
27
20
13
6
-1
-8
-15 -22 -29 -36 -43 -50 -57 -64 -71 -78 -84 -91
45
26
19
12
5
-2
-9
-16 -23 -30 -37 -44 -51 -58 -65 -72 -79 -86 -93
50
26
19
12
4
-3
-10 -17 -24 -31 -38 -45 -52 -60 -67 -74 -81 -88 -95
55
25
18
11
4
-3
-11 -18 -25 -32 -39 -46 -54 -61 -68 -75 -82 -89 -97
60
25
17
10
3
-4
-11 -19 -26 -33 -40 -48 -55 -62 -69 -76 -84 -91 -98
Frostbite in >> 30 min.
0
-5
-10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45
Calm
-11 -16 -22 -28 -34 -40 -46 -52 -57 -63
10 min.
5 min.
WIND CHILL CHART (°C)
Wind
Speed
in
KPH
5
2
-1
-4
-7
-10 -13 -16 -19 -22 -25 -28 -31 -34 -37 -40 -43 -46
Actual Thermometer Reading (_C)
Calm
5
2
-1
-4
-7
-10 -13 -16 -19 -22 -25 -28 -31 -34 -37 -40 -43 -46
-11 -14 -18 -22 -25 -29 -32 -36 -39 -43 -46 -50 -53 -57
Equivalent Temperature (_C)
8
3
0
-4
-7
16
2
-2
-6
-10 -13 -17 -21 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -50 -54 -58 -62
24
1
-3
-7
-11 -15 -19 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65
32
0
-4
-8
-12 -16 -20 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -63 -67
40
-1
-5
-9
-13 -17 -21 -25 -29 -33 -37 -41 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -69
48
-1
-5
-9
-13 -18 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -46 -50 -54 -58 -62 -66 -70
56
-2
-6
-10 -14 -18 -22 -26 -31 -35 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -64 -68 -72
64
-2
-6
-10 -15 -19 -23 -27 -31 -35 -40 -44 -48 -52 -56 -61 -65 -69 -73
72
-2
-7
-11 -15 -19 -23 -28 -32 -36 -40 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -66 -70 -74
80
-3
-7
-11 -15 -20 -24 -28 -33 -37 -41 -45 -50 -54 -58 -62 -67 -71 -75
88
-3
-7
-12 -16 -20 -24 -29 -33 -37 -42 -46 -50 -55 -59 -63 -67 -72 -76
96
-3
-8
-12 -16 -21 -25 -29 -34 -38 -42 -47 -51 -55 -60 -64 -68 -73 -77
Frostbite in >> 30 min.
10 min.
5 min.
21
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Warning decals have been placed on the snowmobile for your protection. Read and follow the instructions of the decals and other warnings
on the snowmobile carefully. If any of the decals depicted in this manual
differ from the decals on your snowmobile, always read and follow the
instructions of the decals on the snowmobile.
If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer
to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by
Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed on the decal.
Clutch Cover Warning
The clutch cover warning decal is under the hood on the clutch cover.
WARNING
Do not operate engine with hood open.
Do not attempt adjustment with engine running.
Do not operate engine with plenum/belt guard removed.
Never run engine with drive belt removed.
Never service clutches yourself. See your dealer.
Pressure Cap Warning
The pressure cap warning decal is found under the hood on the pressure
cap of applicable liquid cooled models.
WARNING
Do not open hot. Test or replace when changing coolant. Press
down and turn to release cap. 13 PSI
22
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
“No Passenger” Warning
Snowmobiles designed for only a
single rider have a warning decal
on the console below the steering
post.
WARNING
This vehicle is designed for
operator only.
“No Passenger”
Warning
“NO PASSENGER”
Track Warning
The track warning decal is on the
rear of the tunnel.
WARNING
Track
Warning
Hot Surface
Warning
Stay clear of track. Do not sit on
seat back. Entanglement with the
track or a fall from seat back may
result in severe injury or death.
Hot Surface Warning
The hot surface warning is on the
rear center of the tunnel.
WARNING
Hot Surface
Do Not Touch
Burns may result. Entire top of
tunnel may be hot. Install only
accessories specifically
approved for this model by
Polaris. Do not place clothing,
bags or cargo on tunnel. Do not
cover this label.
23
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Reverse Warning
Polaris snowmobiles equipped with
electric reverse have a reverse warning
decal on the console.
Reverse Warning
WARNING
Reverse operation, even at low
speeds, can cause loss of control
resulting in serious injury or death.
To avoid loss of control, always:
• Look behind before and while
backing up.
• Avoid sharp turns.
• Shift to or from reverse only when
stopped.
• Apply throttle slowly.
Operation Warning
NOTE: For more information, see
Owner's Manual.
If electric reverse:
• Machine stopped and engine at idle, push yellow button on LH control to reverse. Flashing light on dash indicates reverse operation.
• Push button again to return to forward.
Operation Warning
The operation warning decal is located on the console of all Polaris
snowmobiles.
WARNING
• To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings
and the Owner’s Manual before operation. If manual is missing, contact a Polaris dealer for a replacement.
• This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven
terrain can cause loss of control. Reduce speed and use extreme
caution when operating in unfamiliar terrain.
(continued on next page)
24
Safety Decals and Locations
SAFETY
Operation Warning
(continued from previous page)
• Excessive speed, especially at night or with limited visibility, can
result in insufficient time for you to react to terrain changes, to
avoid unexpected obstacles, or to stop safely.
• Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this vehicle.
• In an emergency, push down the Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch, located
on the top of the throttle control assembly, to stop the engine. Then
pull the brake lever to stop.
• Always wear an approved helmet, eye protection, and adequate
clothing while operating this vehicle.
• This vehicle is designed for adult use only. Check local laws for age
requirements.
• When operating with a passenger (on approved models only),
reduce speed and allow extra space for steering and stopping. A
passenger reduces your ability to control the vehicle.
• When operating on hard-packed snow, ice, or when crossing roads,
steering and braking ability are greatly reduced. Reduce speed and
allow extra space to turn or stop.
• To maintain vehicle control on ice or hard-packed surfaces, you
should have a proper balance of ski carbides to track studs. See
Owner’s Manual for proper use of traction products.
• Repeated stops from high speed may cause fading or sudden loss
of braking ability.
• Parking brake may relax when used for long periods. Do not leave
brake engaged for more than five minutes.
• Before starting the engine, check throttle, brake, and steering for
proper operation. Make sure hood is latched. Be seated and in position to control the vehicle.
Oil injection system: Use unmixed fuel only. Check oil level when
refueling.
25
FEATURES
6
9
5
4
7
8
3
10
2
1
11
12
13
16
14
15
1. Front Bumper (do not use for
pulling or dragging the snowmobile)
2. Hood
3. Headlight
4. Windshield
5. Mountain Bar (if equipped)
6. Handlebar
7. Seat
8. Taillights
26
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Rear Bumper
Snow Flap
Track
Suspension
Tunnel
Side Panel
Ski
Nosepan
FEATURES
3
4
2
5
6
11
10
7
1
8
9
14
13
12
3
4
8
9
2
5
12
6
7
13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
14
10
Fuel Filler Cap
Ignition Switch
MFD (Multi-Function Display)
Engine Stop Switch
Throttle Control
Recoil Starter Handle
Hood Hold-Down Straps
Brake Lever
9. Parking Brake
10. Handlebar Grip Warmer
Switch
11. Thumbwarmer Switch
12. Electronic Reverse Button
13. MFD Control
14. Headlight Dimmer Switch
27
FEATURES
Headlight Dimmer Switch
Use the headlight dimmer switch to adjust the headlights between high
beam and low beam. Switch headlights to low beam when meeting
oncoming traffic.
Dimmer Switch
Dimmer Switch (Dragon)
Adjustable Headlights
Move the adjuster to the left to
lower the headlight beam.
Move the adjuster to the right to
raise the headlight beam.
Adjuster
Adjustable Steering
The adjustable steering system allows you to adjust the handlebar position to fit your style of riding. See page 47.
Accessory Cargo System
The maximum weight capacity for the rear cargo area is 15 lbs. (7 kg).
Always secure cargo before operating. Do not exceed the cargo weight
limit. Do not allow a passenger to sit on the seat back or the cargo area.
28
FEATURES
Detonation Elimination Technology (DET)
A detonation sensor monitors the engine and responds to detonation by
automatically reducing the engine timing and adding fuel. This results in
decreased engine RPM and performance.
Effect of DET
The DET system prevents damage to the engine from detonation while
developing the maximum power of the engine safely. If the system
senses detonation beyond a preset limit, it retards ignition timing and
adds fuel to reduce the detonation and prevent engine damage.
When the detonation returns to a permissible level, the system will
return spark and fuel to normal, allowing the engine to run at rated
power levels.
Sensor Fail-Safe
The DET includes a sensor fail-safe system to prevent the engine from
damage if the sensor fails, becomes disconnected or is unable to detect
detonation. The rider will experience a loss in power. The sensor must
be reconnected or repaired to regain full power.
TIP: The check engine light will flash six times if the sensor fails or becomes
disconnected.
29
FEATURES
Instrumentation
MFD Component Identification
Item
1 Analog Gauge (if
equipped)
2
1
2 Digital Gauge
3 Check Engine Indicator
4 Low Oil Indicator
5 High Temp Indicator
6 Brake Indicator
7 Reverse Indicator
8 High Beam Indicator
30
3
4
5
6
7
8
FEATURES
Instrumentation
Digital Display Identification
Item
1 RPM or Speed
Altitude (if equipped)
Service Interval
1
2
2 Electrical System
Voltage Level
3 MAX - Maximum MPH/
KPH or RPM
MPH -Miles per hour
KPH - Kilometers per hour
RPM -Engine crankshaft
revolutions per
minute
4 Air Temp (if equipped)
Engine Temp
Degrees Celsius
Degrees Fahrenheit
5 Miles
Kilometers
6 Hours
Trip 1/Trip 2/Trip F
Service Label
Altitude Label
3
4
5
6
31
FEATURES
Instrumentation
MFD Settings
The MFD Control Switch allows you to set the MFD display to your
preferences. The rocker switch has a MODE button (top) and a SET button (bottom). Specific instructions are outlined on the following pages.
MODE
SET
MFD Control Switch
MFD Control Switch (Dragon)
Standard vs. Metric
The MFD will display either standard or metric units of measurement.
While viewing a screen that displays measurements (MPH, km/h or
temperatures), press and hold the MODE switch until the unit of measurement changes (about 10 seconds).
Speedometer/Tachometer
To change viewing preferences, press and hold the MODE button for
three seconds. When the button is released, the new setting becomes
active and screen colors change.
Option
Digital Display
Screen Backlight
1
RPM
Blue
2
Speed
Red
32
Instrumentation
FEATURES
MFD Digital Display Programs
Press and release the MODE button to cycle through the three MFD programs: Performance, Engine and History. Each program remains active
until you cycle to the next program. While any program is active, press
and release the SET button to cycle through the program’s screens.
Performance Program
Press and release the MODE button until the performance program
screen is active. The default display for this screen includes electrical
system voltage, fuel level (if equipped) and either speed or tachometer,
whichever is selected (see page 32).
Press and release the SET button to cycle through the following screens:
odometer, trip 1 odometer, trip 2 odometer, fuel trip odometer (if fuel is
low) and clock (if equipped). Use the following procedures to make
changes to these screens.
Odometer Setting
The odometer records the vehicle's total
distance traveled since manufacture. The
odometer cannot be reset.
Trip Settings
Trip 1 and Trip 2 are odometers used to
check fuel mileage or to keep track of
distance traveled. Both odometers can be
reset to zero.
1. Enter the Performance Program.
2. Press and release the SET button
until the desired trip screen is active.
3. Press and hold the SET button for two seconds to reset the trip
odometer to zero.
4. Press and release the SET button to view another trip screen if
desired.
33
FEATURES
Instrumentation
MFD Digital Display Programs
Performance Program
Trip Settings
Trip F automatically displays when the
fuel level is low if the snowmobile is
equipped with an electronic fuel gauge.
The fuel symbol and the last fuel bar on
the MFD gauge (if equipped) will blink
when the fuel level reaches 1/8 of a tank.
The Trip F odometer records distance
traveled, and the fuel symbol continues
to blink, until enough fuel is added to
raise the level above 1/4 of a tank. The
Trip F odometer will automatically reset
to zero after refueling.
Engine Program
Press and release the MODE button until the engine program screen is
active. The default display for this screen includes engine hours, electrical system voltage level, fuel level (if equipped) and either engine coolant temperature, air temperature (accessory) or altimeter (accessory).
Press and release the SET button to cycle through the following screens:
hour meter, engine temperature, air temperature (available as an accessory) and altimeter (available as an accessory).
Hour Meter
The hour meter records the total hours of
engine operation since manufacture. This
meter cannot be reset.
Engine Temperature
A thermometer measures water temperature,
giving an indication of engine temperature.
34
Instrumentation
FEATURES
MFD Digital Display Programs
Engine Program
Air Temperature (accessory)
The MFD displays actual air temperature.
Press and hold the MODE switch for ten seconds to switch between standard and metric
units of measurement.
Altimeter (accessory)
The rider can calibrate the altimeter for current atmospheric conditions. Altimeter accuracy will be +/-300 ft. (91 m) after adjustment.
TIP: When “ALt-FT” displays, the program is in the
standard mode. If only "ALt" displays, the
program is in the metric mode.
1. Enter the Engine Program.
2. Press and release the SET button until the
altimeter screen is active.
3. Press and hold the SET button for five seconds.
4. When the digits begin to flash, release the SET button.
5. Press and release the SET button to advance the reading in 50-foot
(15 m) increments, or press and hold the button to advance quickly.
Adjust the altitude display to within 50 ft. (15 m) of the current
altitude.
TIP: The gauge reads barometric pressure and allows the rider to compensate
for daily fluctuations in air pressure. The gauge can adjust the displayed
altitude to +/- 1300 ft. (396 m) from the preset value. It will adjust up to
+1300 ft. (396 m) above the calibrated altitude. Once the +1300 ft. (396 m)
offset has been reached, the next adjustment is -1300 ft. (396 m) from the
calibrated altitude, and 50 ft. (15 m) will be added to the altitude each time
the SET button is pressed.
6. Press the MODE button to hold the reading at the adjusted value. If
the MODE button is not pressed within five seconds, the gauge will
automatically save the new setting.
35
FEATURES
Instrumentation
MFD Digital Display Programs
History Program
Press and release the MODE button until the history program screen is
active. This screen will always display electrical system voltage level
and fuel level (if equipped).
Press and release the SET button to cycle through the following screens:
maximum vehicle speed, maximum engine RPM and service interval
reminder.
Maximum Speed/Maximum RPM
The gauge automatically logs the maximum
speed and engine RPM even if the history
program is not active in the display.
1. Enter the History Program.
2. Press and release the SET button until
one of the two screens is active. The
MPH and RPM values are both reset at
the same time. Reset the values before
each run to obtain accurate readings.
3. Press and hold the SET button for three
seconds to reset the recorded maximum
values for both MPH and RPM.
TIP: Due to electrical noise, the MFD may
occasionally display MAX MPH/RPM values
that are not representative of actual values.
36
Instrumentation
FEATURES
MFD Digital Display Programs
History Program
Service Interval Reminder
The gauge logs the number of engine hours
accumulated between service reminders.
When the logged hours reaches the designated service interval (set by the user), the
gauge provides a reminder that service is
due. "SErVCE" will flash in the odometer
area and "ENG" will flash in the icon area
for five seconds each time the engine is started (until the service
reminder is reset.) Use the following procedures to reset the reminder.
To reset the reminder at the existing interval:
1. Enter the History Program.
2. Press and release the SET button until the service interval screen is
active.
3. Press and hold the SET button for ten seconds, continuing to hold
even after the display begins to flash.
4. When the display stops flashing, release the button. The service
interval has been reset.
To reset the reminder at a new interval:
1. Enter the History Program.
2. Press and release the SET button until the service interval screen is
active.
3. Press and hold the SET button for five seconds, until the hours begin
to flash. Immediately release the button.
4. Press the button again, up to five times, to advance the reminder in
20-hour increments. The maximum interval is 200 hours.
To disable the service interval reminder, press the SET button once after
reaching 200 hours on the display. The gauge will display "OFF".
37
FEATURES
Instrumentation
Gauge Cleaning
1. Wipe the gauge face as needed using a clean cloth and a mild soap
and water solution. Wipe dry with clean, soft cloth.
2. Clean the back side of the gauge using a clean cloth and a mild soap
and water solution. Do not remove the electrical connectors or
protective rubber boot. Do not spray the back side of the gauge or
the wire harness with a pressure washer or other water source.
NOTICE: To prevent damage to the lens, do not use alcohol for cleaning. Do not
allow chemicals or sprays to contact the lens. Immediately clean off
any gasoline that splashes on the gauge during refueling.
38
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Front Suspension Adjustments
Independent Front Suspension (IFS)
Break in the suspension for approximately 150 miles (240 km) before
making any fine-tuning adjustments.
Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle
speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with
factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to
suit rider preference. The snowmobile should be methodically tested,
one change at a time, under the same conditions (trail and snow conditions, vehicle speed, riding position, etc.) after each adjustment until the
best ride is achieved.
IFS Components
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2
Ski
Front shock and spring
Rod ends
Upper control arms
Lower control arms
IFS Adjustment Options
•
•
•
•
Shock spring preload
Shock valving
Optional springs
Toe (ski alignment) (see
page 104)
• Camber (see your dealer)
3
4
5
1
39
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Front Suspension Adjustments
WARNING! Always verify ski alignment before making adjustments to the IFS.
See page 104 to check alignment. If the skis are misaligned, see your dealer, as
the camber adjustment may also be affected.
Air Shocks
Walker Evans air shocks can be adjusted for preload and valving. Please
see your Polaris dealer for these adjustments.
Standard Shocks
The tension at which the shock coil spring is set is called spring preload.
For the best ride, the suspension should be adjusted to use the full travel
of the shocks with occasional light bottoming.
The front springs can be changed if spring preload alone isn't sufficient
and further adjustment is desired to control suspension stiffness. See
your Polaris dealer for more information.
Shock Absorber Components
1. Retainer
2. Jounce Bumper
3. Shock Rod
4. Body
5. Threaded Spring Preload Adjuster Nut
6. Spring (Standard only)
4
5
6
3
2
1
40
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Front Suspension Adjustments
Assault Shocks
The tension at which the shock coil
spring is set is called spring preload.
For the best ride, the suspension should
be adjusted to use the full travel of the
shocks with occasional light bottoming.
Stiffer
Ride
Softer
Ride
After making spring adjustments,
adjust shock clickers to control bottoming. Turning a clicker clockwise
increases damping for a stiffer ride and
less bottoming. Turning a clicker
counter-clockwise decreases damping
for a softer ride.
Test ride the snowmobile and continue
making spring and clicker adjustments
until you achieve the perfect ride.
41
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rider weight, riding style, trail conditions, and vehicle speed all affect
suspension action.
Each rear suspension can be adjusted to suit rider preference and deliver
excellent performance for a given set of conditions. However, all suspension designs and adjustments involve a compromise, or trade-off.
For example, a suspension set up for snow-cross racing would provide a
very stiff ride on the trail. A suspension set up for trail riding would bottom out harshly on a snow-cross course.
Make adjustments to one area at a time so you can evaluate the change.
For further assistance, see your dealer.
Suspension Performance Tips
• Rider weight usually determines the position at which the spring preload should be set. However, this may vary with riding style. With a
little experimentation, each rider can find a preferred set-up. These
adjustments are easy to make, involve very little time or effort, and
greatly affect the ride.
• In deep snow, a new rail slide will offer improved performance over a
worn slide. It can also improve top speed.
TIP: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce moisture and
rust build-up and ensure proper function of the suspension components.
Grease rear suspension pivots before adjusting the rear suspension. Refer
to the suspension lubrication information beginning on page 76.
42
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method)
To set up the rear suspension torsion
spring preload, measure the distance
between the ground and rear bumper.
This is measurement X.
Take this measurement with no rider
and with the rear suspension at full
extension.
X
TIP: The rear bumper may need to be
lifted upward slightly to fully extend
the suspension.
Next, have the rider drop down hard
on the seat and bounce up and down
several times, collapsing the rear
suspension. With the rider seated,
measure the distance between the
ground and the rear bumper at the
exact location used for measurement X. This is measurement Y.
Y
To determine sag, commonly
referred to as ride-in, subtract measurement Y from X (Sag=X-Y).
Adjust sag by rotating the torsion spring preload cams located on the
rear torque arm. See illustration. The ideal amount of sag for this rear
suspension is five inches (12.7 cm) (X-Y=5 in./12.7 cm).
If the rear suspension rides in less than four inches or more than six
inches with the torsion spring preload cams at their maximum range of
adjustment, optional torsion springs (softer or stiffer, respectively) may
be required. This is only an initial setup, and final spring preload may
vary based on rider preference and riding conditions.
43
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Torsion Spring Preload
To adjust rear torsion spring preload, rotate the three-position cam using
the engine spark plug tool. Different rate torsion springs are available if
a firmer ride is desired. Contact your dealer for more information.
The following information is provided only as a guideline to be used for
initial suspension set-up. Your set-up may vary based on your desired
riding style.
Soft (long end of cam to front)
Medium (short end of cam up)
Firm (long end of cam up)
Soft
Medium
Limiter Strap Position
The following information is provided only as a guideline to be used
for initial suspension set-up. Your
set-up may vary based on your
desired riding style.
High: Limiter strap in high position
increases ski pressure
Low: Limiter strap in low position
decreases ski pressure
44
High
Low
Firm
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Shock Compression Valving
Standard Rear Track Shock
The standard RMK rear track shock is an
Arvin MPV Select shock that allows for
adjustments to the compression valving.
Adjustments are made by turning the
adjustment screw located near the base of
the shock. In half-turn increments:
• Turn the screw clockwise for a stiffer
ride.
• Turn the screw counterclockwise for a
softer ride.
If bottoming continues after the screw has
been turned fully clockwise, the torsion
spring should be adjusted (see page 44).
Return the screw to its original starting
position after the torsion spring has been
adjusted.
Stiffer
Softer
Stiffer
Softer
ASSAULT Rear Track Shock
Turn the adjustment knob on the shock
reservoir to make adjustments to the compression damping. When adjusting, we
recommend that you turn the adjuster
slightly, then test ride.
• Turn the knob clockwise for a stiffer
ride.
• Turn the knob counterclockwise for a
softer ride.
45
THE PERFECT FIT
Handlebar Adjustments
WARNING! Some aftermarket accessories (including windshields and cargo
bags) may interfere with the handlebar. Such accessories could limit your ability
to steer the vehicle and/or may contact the brake lever. This could lead to loss of
control resulting in serious injury or death. Always be sure that accessories do
not contact the handlebar or brake lever at any handlebar position.
Handlebar position and handlebar angle can be adjusted to rider preference. After making handlebar adjustments, check to make sure wires are
not pinched or kinked. Make sure the handlebars, brake lever and throttle lever operate smoothly and do not hit the gas tank, windshield or any
other part of the vehicle when the handlebars are turned fully to the left
or right.
When adjustments are complete, torque the front adjuster block bolts
first, then torque the rear bolts. Torque the bolts to 11-13 ft. lbs. (15-18
Nm).
46
Handlebar Adjustments
THE PERFECT FIT
Handlebar Position
1. Loosen the four bolts on the
bottom of the adjuster block.
If necessary, pry the blocks
apart with a screwdriver.
2. Adjust the handlebar forward
or rearward to the desired
position.
3. Tighten the bolts.
Loosen top bolts to adjust
handlebar angle
Handlebar Angle
1. Loosen the four bolts on the
top of the adjuster block. If
necessary, pry the blocks
apart with a screwdriver.
2. Adjust the handlebar forward
or rearward to the desired
angle.
3. Tighten the bolts.
Loosen bottom bolts to
adjust handlebar position
47
THE PERFECT FIT
Accessories
Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help
make each ride more enjoyable.
Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use
of unapproved parts and accessories may result in:
• Non-compliance with government/industry requirements
• Voiding of warranty
• Injury to self or others
This applies, but is not limited to the following areas: brakes, clutches,
fuel systems, and exhaust systems. Exhaust systems are critical safety
areas that must use approved Polaris parts. Please see your Polaris
dealer for service.
Tether Switch
The accessory tether switch is available for all models. Order part number 2870668.
48
Pre-Ride Checklist
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition
before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the referenced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to
locate the pre-ride inspection items.
Item
See Page
Drive Belt Condition
95
Steering System
53
Recoil Rope
51
Parking Brake Lock/Brake Lever/Brake System
Throttle Lever
Throttle Safety Switch
51, 52, 89
50
50
Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch (Engine Stop Switch)
55, 65
Ignition Switch
55, 65
Taillight/Brakelight/Headlight
55
Coolant Level
84
Gearcase Oil Level
N/A
Engine Oil Level
77
Suspension Mounting Bolts
54
Skags (Wear Bars)
105
Ski Saddle and Spindle Bolts
54
Hood Straps/Latches
50
Seat Latches (if equipped)
N/A
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
Tether Switch/Strap
Track Alignment/Condition
54, 101
55
53, 102
Rail Slide Condition
106
Chaincase Oil Level
77
Oil Level
62
49
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining
to snowmobile operation. Never start the engine without checking all
vehicle components to be sure of proper operation.
WARNING! Operating the vehicle with worn, damaged, or malfunctioning
components could result in serious injury or death. Never start the engine
without checking all vehicle components to be sure of proper operation.
Read and Understand Your Owner's Manual
Read the Owner's Manual completely and refer to it often. The manual
is your guide to safe and enjoyable snowmobiling experience.
n Throttle Lever
The throttle and brake are the primary controls of your snowmobile.
Always make sure both are functioning properly.
Squeeze the throttle lever to make sure it compresses evenly and
smoothly. When released, the lever should immediately return to the
idle position without binding or hesitation. If the throttle does not function smoothly, or if you discover excessive lever freeplay, DO NOT start
the engine. Have the throttle serviced immediately.
n Throttle Safety Switch
Test the throttle safety switch system before the snowmobile is operated.
See page 63 for procedure.
n Hood Latches
The hood of the snowmobile protects the operator from moving parts as
well as aiding in sound emission control and other functions. Under no
circumstances should your snowmobile be operated with the hood open
or removed. Always ensure that the hood straps are in good condition
and that the latches are securely in place before operating the snowmobile.
50
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Recoil Rope
Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the
knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is
found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.
n Brakes
Always check the following items for proper operation before starting
the engine.
Brake Lever Travel
Squeeze the brake lever. It
should move no closer to the
handgrip than 1/2" (1.3 cm).
A smaller distance indicates
low brake fluid level or air in
the hydraulic system. Refer
to the brake bleeding information on page 92.
1/2" (1.3 cm)
Brake Lever Feel
If the brake lever feels “spongy” when squeezed, check the brake fluid
level and condition. Add fluid as needed. See page 91.
Check for the presence of air in the fluid system. See page 92 for more
information, or see your dealer for service.
WARNING! Continued use of “spongy” brakes may cause a complete loss of
brakes, which could result in serious injury or death. Always have the brakes
serviced at the first sign of sponginess.
51
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Parking Brake Lever Lock
Use the parking brake lever lock
only when you want the snowmobile to remain stationary; for
example, when parked on an
incline for a period of five minutes or less.
1. Brake Lever
2. Parking Brake Lever Lock
3. Master Cylinder Reservoir/
Cover
4. Fluid Level Indicator
Lock Engagement
To engage the lock, squeeze the
brake lever tightly and push forward on the lock. Hold the lock
forward while releasing the
brake lever.
1
2
2
4
3
3
4
1
NOTICE: If the brake lever is squeezed tightly enough, the lock will move freely
into place. Do not force the lock or it may break.
The parking brake light on the gauge will light up if the parking brake
lever lock is set while the engine is running. It will also be lit when the
service brake is in use. If the parking brake light does not come on when
the parking brake or service brake is in use, have it serviced by your
dealer.
Lock Release
To release the lock, squeeze the brake lever tightly. The lock will return
to the unlocked position.
WARNING! If the parking brake lever lock is partially or entirely engaged while
riding, the brakes may overheat, resulting in brake damage. In extreme cases it
could cause a fire, which could result in serious injury or death. Always ensure
that the lever lock is completely disengaged before operating the snowmobile.
52
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Steering System
Manually turn the skis completely to the right and to the left. If any difficulty is encountered, remove any ice and snow build-up that may be
obstructing the steering linkage.
n Track Inspection
WARNING! Operating the snowmobile with a damaged track increases the
possibility of track failure, which could cause loss of control resulting in serious
injury or death. Always inspect the track for damage before using the vehicle.
Use of traction products such as studs increases the possibility of track
damage and/or failure. Driving at high speeds for extended periods of
time in marginal lubrication could severely damage track rods, break
track edges and cause other track damage. Examples of marginal lubrication would include frozen bodies of water without snow cover, icy
trails, and no-snow conditions. Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or poor lubrication conditions voids the track warranty.
Deep Lug Tracks (if equipped)
The 2.4" powder track is designed specifically for deep snow applications. Operation in low snow conditions at high speeds may cause track
lug separation. Track lug separation is not covered under the Polaris
limited warranty policy. Polaris does not recommend operation above
70 mph with this track.
NOTICE: High speed use on hard-packed surfaces is not recommended for
models equipped with a deep lug track. Track lug damage may occur.
Keep high speed use to a minimum, including frequent slow-speed
intervals for track cooling.
53
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Suspension Inspection
Loose nuts and bolts can reduce your snowmobile's reliability and cause
needless repairs and down time. Before beginning any snowmobile trip,
a visual inspection will uncover potential problems. Check the following items on a weekly basis or before any long trip.
Item
Check
Page
Suspension mounting bolts
Tightness
--
Rear idler wheel bolts
Tightness
101
Rear idler adjusting bolt locknuts
Tightness
--
Torque arm bolts
Tightness
--
Carrier and bogie wheel bolts
Tightness
--
Front torque arm limiter strap
Condition
--
Rail slide
Condition
106
Tension
100
Lubrication
75
Condition
--
Track
All rear suspension components
Ski runner/skag
Ski spindle bolts
Tightness
--
Tie rod end nuts
Tightness
--
54
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Start the Engine and Check
Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining
to snowmobile operation. Never engage the starter when the engine is
running. Never start the engine without checking all vehicle components
to be sure of proper operation. See Before Starting the Engine beginning
on page 50.
n Engine Stop Switch
Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for proper operation. Push the
switch down to stop the engine. Pull it up to allow restarting.
n Ignition Switch
Make sure the engine stops when the ignition switch is turned to OFF.
n Tether Switch
If your machine has a tether switch, remove the tether from the switch to
make sure the engine stops immediately.
n Lighting
Check the headlight (high and low beam), taillight, and brake light.
Replace burned out lamps before operating.
n Mirror Adjustment
If equipped, adjust your mirrors so they can be used to their full advantage.
n Operating Area
Before driving away, check your surroundings. Be aware of obstacles
and make sure bystanders are a safe distance from the snowmobile.
55
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
NOTICE: Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious
engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never
engage the starter when the engine is running.
1. Turn the key to the ON position. Pull the engine stop switch up to
the RUN position.
CAUTION! To avoid injury and/or engine damage, do not operate the electric
starter or pull-rope starter while the engine is running.
2. If equipped with electric start, turn the key to START to crank the
engine. Release the key to the ON position when the engine starts.
3. If not equipped with electric start, grasp the starter handle and pull
slowly until the recoil engages; then pull abruptly to crank the
engine.
TIP: Don't pull the starter rope to the fully extended position and don't allow it to
snap back into the housing. Damage may result.
4. Repeat the cranking procedure as needed until the engine starts.
TIP: It may require as many as eight to ten pulls to prime the fuel system and
start the engine if the fuel tank has been completely emptied.
56
Engine Break-In
OPERATION
No single action on your part is as important to long, trouble-free
machine life as proper break-in of a new or rebuilt engine. Premix the
first tank of gasoline with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five
gallons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.
NOTICE: Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation will
damage close-fitted engine parts. Do not operate at full throttle or high
speeds for extended periods during the first three hours of use. Vary
the throttle openings and machine speeds to reduce friction on all
close-fitting machined parts, allowing them to break in slowly without
damage.
Use of any lubricants other than those recommended by Polaris may
cause serious engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris
lubricants for your vehicle.
Drive with extra caution during the break-in period. Perform regular
checks on fluid levels, lines, and all other important areas of the
machine.
57
OPERATION
Engine Break-In
Oil Injection System
Always fill the oil reservoir when refueling.
NOTICE: Serious engine damage can occur without the proper lubrication.
Check the oil tank level often during the first tank of fuel. If the oil level
doesn't go down, contact your dealer immediately.
Oil Recommendations
This snowmobile is equipped with a variable exhaust system (VES).
Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection
systems. Polaris recommends the use of VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2cycle oil for this engine. See page 110 for the part numbers of Polaris
products.
Never mix brands of oil. Serious chemical reactions can cause injection
system blockage, resulting in serious engine damage. Oils may also be
incompatible and the result could be sludge formation, filter blockage,
and reduced cold weather flow rates. All Polaris oils are compatible
with each other.
Slide Rail and Track Cooling
NOTICE: Inadequate cooling and lubrication will lead to overheating of the slide
rail and track, resulting in premature wear and failure. Reduce speeds
and frequently drive into fresh snow to allow adequate cooling and
polishing of the slide rail and track surfaces. Avoid operating on ice,
hard-packed surfaces or roads.
58
Track Warm-Up
OPERATION
WARNING! A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death.
Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the
snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use
excessive throttle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging. Be sure the
rear support is stable.
WARNING! Use of traction products such as studs, ice growsers, etc. will
increase the possibility of track damage and/or failure. This could cause loss of
control, resulting in serious injury or death. Always inspect for track damage
before operating the snowmobile.
Follow these steps to ensure proper warm-up
of the engine, drive train and track.
1. Use an appropriate stand to securely
support the rear of the snowmobile at the
rear bumper. The track should be
approximately 4" (10 cm) off the
ground.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
two to three minutes.
3. Depress the throttle abruptly and allow
the track to rotate several revolutions.
TIP: It will take longer to warm up the track sufficiently during colder outdoor
temperatures.
4. Release the throttle, apply the brakes, shut off the engine and lower
the snowmobile to the ground.
5. Grasp the skis by their front loops and move them from side to side
to loosen snow and ice.
59
OPERATION
Fuel Safety
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
•
•
•
•
•
Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
Always refuel outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Always turn off the engine before refueling.
Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
• If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with soap
and water and change clothing.
• Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine exhaust fumes
are poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or death in a short time.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Operate this vehicle only outdoors
or in well-ventilated areas.
Fuel System Deicers
If you use non-oxygenated fuel, Polaris recommends the regular use of
isopropyl-based fuel system deicer. Add one to two ounces per gallon
(8-16 ml per liter) of gasoline to prevent engine damage resulting from
fuel system icing and lean fuel mixtures. Never use deicers or additives
containing methanol. Polaris also recommends the use of Carbon Clean
Plus. See page 110 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
If you use oxygenated fuel containing ethanol, additional alcohol deicers or water absorbing additives should not be used.
60
Fuel
OPERATION
For peak performance, Polaris recommends the use of 91 octane or
higher fuel. Although 87 octane fuel is usable, some engine performance will be lost and fuel economy will decrease. Do not use lower
than 87 octane fuel. Do not use fuel containing more than 10% ethanol
(including E85).
NOTICE: Operating with obstructed fuel systems will result in serious engine
damage. Perform maintenance as recommended.
Damage to the fuel pump will occur if the snowmobile is operated with
an empty fuel tank. Do not allow the snowmobile to run out of fuel.
Always refuel when the level is low.
Prolonged exposure to petroleum based products may damage paint.
Always protect painted surfaces when handling fuel.
Fuel Mode Change Wires
This snowmobile is equipped with a feature that allows you to select the
proper calibration map for the fuel available in your region. The fuel
mode change wires are located in the wiring harness secured to the rear
underside of the clutch guard behind the console. The disconnected
mode change wires must be connected when non-ethanol fuel is used.
NOTICE: Engine damage may occur if ethanol fuel is used after setting up the
vehicle for non-ethanol fuel use. Depending on your model, always
disconnect the mode change wires before operating with ethanol fuel.
When in doubt about fuel quality, always unplug the wires.
Ethanol fuel: Leave the wires
UNPLUGGED when using oxygenated fuel containing up to 10% ethanol. Never use E85 blended fuel.
Non-ethanol fuel: CONNECT the
black/blue wires to the pink wire
when using non-ethanol blended
fuel.
Connected for
Non-Ethanol
Unplugged
for Ethanol
61
OPERATION
Oil
n Low Oil Indicator Light
The low oil indicator light will alert the operator if the oil level is low.
Visually check for oil in the bottle. Add oil before further operation of
the snowmobile. See page 58 for oil recommendations.
NOTICE: Operating the snowmobile without adequate engine lubrication can
result in serious engine damage. Always check the oil level when
refueling. Add oil as needed.
n Low Oil Level
Maintaining the proper oil level will prevent system aeration and possible loss of pumping action, which could result in engine damage. This is
especially important when the machine is operated in mountainous terrain.
Maintain the oil level at the bottom of the filler neck. Always check and
fill the oil tank when refueling. Never operate the engine if oil is not visible in the tank.
TIP: The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow. See
your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts.
62
n Engine Stop Switch
Push down on the engine stop
switch to ground out the ignition
and stop the engine quickly. Pull
the switch up to the RUN position
to allow restarting.
OPERATION
Stop
Switch
n Throttle Safety Switch
The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all
pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or
valves do not return to the normal closed position.
WARNING! Operating the snowmobile with a faulty throttle safety switch can
result in serious injury or death in the event of an accident. If the throttle safety
switch does not shut off the engine during a throttle system malfunction,
immediately push down the engine stop switch. Do not start the engine again
until the malfunction has been corrected by your dealer.
Test the throttle safety switch system daily before operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sit on the seat.
Lock the parking brake.
Start the engine and allow it to idle.
Hold the throttle lever pin stationary by
exerting pressure on the pivot pin in
the direction shown in the illustration.
5. Apply a slight amount of throttle. A
properly functioning switch must shut
down the engine.
63
OPERATION
n Throttle Lever
WARNING! An improperly functioning throttle lever may cause erratic machine
behavior and loss of control, which could result in serious injury or death. If the
throttle lever does not work properly, DO NOT start the engine.
If the engine stops abruptly when the throttle lever is released:
1. Turn the ignition switch to OFF.
2. Visually inspect the throttle cable and throttle body to determine
what caused the safety switch to activate.
3. Test the throttle lever by compressing and releasing it several times.
The lever and cable must return to the idle position quickly and
completely.
4. If the throttle lever operates properly, turn the ignition switch on and
go through normal starting procedures.
5. If the engine doesn't start, take the snowmobile to an authorized
Polaris dealer for service.
TIP: Excessive freeplay in the throttle cable may cause the safety switch to
activate, preventing the engine from starting. If this occurs, return the
snowmobile to an authorized Polaris dealer for service.
If an emergency exists and it's necessary to start the engine, the throttle
safety switch and engine stop switch may be disconnected from the wire
harness. When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch
must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the
snowmobile with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the
snowmobile to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible.
64
n Emergency Stopping
OPERATION
The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the
event of an emergency. See page 63 for more information about the
engine stop switch.
SYSTEM
WHAT IT DOES
THROTTLE
CONDITION
Ignition Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Brake
Slows jackshaft
All
Engine Stop Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
Choke (if equipped)
Floods engine
All
Half throttle or less
Throttle Safety Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Tether Switch (if equipped)
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
65
OPERATION
Electronic Reverse (PERC)
WARNING
Improper reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control,
resulting in serious injury or death. Damage will occur to the chaincase or transmission if shifting is attempted when the engine is operating above idle speed.
• Shift to or from reverse only when the snowmobile is stopped and when
engine speed is at idle.
• Look behind the vehicle before and while backing.
• Avoid sharp turns.
• Apply throttle slowly.
Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000.
The maximum engine RPM will be 6000 when in reverse.
NOTICE: Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious
engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never
engage the starter when the engine is running.
66
Electronic Reverse (PERC)
OPERATION
Engaging Reverse
1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the
engine idling.
2. Make sure the area behind your
snowmobile is clear.
3. Push the reverse button on the lefthand control for one second, then
release. The engine will automatically
reduce RPM and start a reverse
rotation.
Reverse Button
TIP: A reverse light on the instrument panel will
indicate that the transmission is in reverse.
4. Apply the throttle slowly to make sure
the transmission is in reverse.
TIP: If the engine stops running, the
snowmobile will be in forward gear when
it's restarted.
Disengaging Reverse
1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling.
NOTICE: Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious
engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never
engage the starter when the engine is running.
2. Push the reverse button for one second and release. The engine will
slow and begin to rotate forward. The light on the instrument panel
will shut off.
3. Apply the throttle slowly to make sure the transmission is in
forward.
67
OPERATION
Daily Storage
At the end of each ride, park the snowmobile
on a level surface and support it at the rear
with an appropriate track stand. The track
should be suspended approximately 4" (10 cm)
off the ground.
Remove the key and cover the snowmobile.
Towing
Do not use the front bumper to pull or drag the
snowmobile. The front bumper is not designed for this type of use and
may detach from the vehicle if force is applied.
For your safety, do not attempt to use a tow hitch until you've read the
following warnings and understand the proper hitch functions.
WARNING! Objects towed with a rope have no braking power and can easily
collide with the rear of the snowmobile or other objects, resulting in serious
injury or death. DO NOT tow toboggans, sleds, saucers, or any type of vehicle
with a rope. Only a stiff metal pole connecting the towed object and the tow hitch
on the snowmobile should be used. If passengers are to be towed on a
toboggan or sled, make sure the pole is at least four feet (1.2 meters) long to
prevent any possibility of contact between the snowmobile's track and a person
riding in the towed object.
WARNING! Braking distances increase when towing loads. Slow down to
maintain control of the snowmobile.
If the snowmobile becomes inoperable and must be towed, and if it isn't
possible to use a rigid tow bar, attach the tow rope to the ski spindles
(not to the ski loops) to prevent damage to the steering components.
Remove the drive belt before towing, and have someone ride on the
towed snowmobile to operate the brake and steering when necessary.
NOTICE: Towing a disabled snowmobile with the drive belt in place can result in
serious damage to the engine and drive system. Always remove the
drive belt from a disabled snowmobile before towing.
68
Emission Control Information
MAINTENANCE
Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or
repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile.
Emission Control Label
Your snowmobile is equipped at the time of sale with an emission control information (ECI) label and a factory-installed emissions information hangtag. These items are required by U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. The ECI label is permanently affixed to
either the right side of the tunnel or the engine recoil cover. The ECI
label should not be removed, even after you purchase the snowmobile.
You may remove the factory-installed emissions information hangtag,
which is intended solely for your use in making a purchasing decision.
Emission Control Maintenance Requirements
Your snowmobile is certified to operate on gasoline with a minimum
octane level of 87 (R+M)/2. If your snowmobile is equipped with a
check engine light and it comes on, you must take your snowmobile to a
qualified dealer for diagnostic service. Specifications and adjustments
for engine tune-ups are located in the Service Manual, which is available to your qualified service technician. Reverse (if equipped) must not
be engaged during engine tune-ups.
69
MAINTENANCE
Emission Control Information
Owner's Responsibilities
Please read the Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty, and
read the maintenance section of your owner's manual. You are responsible for ensuring that the specified maintenance is performed. Polaris
recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform
any service that may be necessary.
70
MAINTENANCE
Polaris Recommended Maintenance Program
To ensure many trouble-free miles of snowmobiling enjoyment, follow
recommended regular maintenance and perform service checks as outlined in this manual. Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on page 125.
The recommended maintenance schedule on your snowmobile calls for
service and maintenance inspections at 150 miles (240 km), 500 miles
(800 km) and 1000 miles (1600 km). These inspections should be performed by a qualified service technician. For continued optimum performance and component life, continue maintenance checks at 1000 mile
(1600 km) intervals.
All necessary replacement parts and labor incurred, with the exception
of authorized warranty repairs, become the responsibility of the registered owner. If, during the course of the warranty period, part failures
occur as a result of owner neglect in performing recommended regular
maintenance, the cost of repairs are the responsibility of the owner.
Personal safety is critical when attempting to service or make adjustments to your snowmobile. If you're not familiar with safe service or
adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don't feel comfortable performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized Polaris
dealer for service.
NOTICE: Hot components can cause damage to plastic. Always make sure the
exhaust system and engine have cooled before tipping the snowmobile on its side for service or inspection.
71
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You
may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine
Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer.
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
I
I
PreSeason
CLUTCH
Clutch Alignment Offset
(without belt)
94
I
Drive Belt Condition
95
I
I
I
Clutches (disassemble)
94
C
C
C
Belt Tension
--
I
I
I
I
Clutch Sheaves
94
I
I
I
I
I
ENGINE/COOLING
Engine Mounts
--
I
I
I
I
Recoil Rope
--
I
I
I
I
Engine Torque Stop
97
I
I
I
I
Cylinder Head Bolts
--
I
I
I
Cylinder Base Nuts
--
I
I
I
Ignition Timing BTDC
--
I
I
I
VES System
--
C
C
C
I
Coolant Level
84
I
I
R
I
Coolant Hose
--
I
I
I
I
Heat Exchangers
87
I
I
I
I
Coolant Circulation
--
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
Coolant Leaks
--
Spark Plug Condition
79
Exhaust Pipe
83
Exhaust Retaining
Springs
83
I
I
I
I
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
72
I
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
BRAKES
Hose Routing
--
I
I
I
I
Hose Condition
--
I
I
I
I
Fluid Leaks
--
I
I
I
I
Brake Pads
89
I
I
I
I
Brake Disc
--
I
I
I
I
Parking Brake
52
I
I
I
Brake System
51, 89
Brake Fluid
I
I
91
R
FUEL MANAGEMENT
Idle RPM
Throttle Lever
-50, 64
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Oil Pump Lever
(synchronize)
--
I
I
I
Throttle Cable
76
L
L
L
Vent Lines
--
I
I
I
Throttle Position Sensor
--
I
I
I
Fuel Lines
82
I
I
Fuel Filter
82
R
R
Oil Filter
82
R
R
Oil Lines
82
I
I
I
Air Box/Plenum
--
I
I
I
I
Fuel Injectors
--
I
I
I
Engine Stop Switch
63
I
I
I
I
I
Throttle Safety Switch
63
I
I
I
I
I
Ignition Switch
--
I
I
I
I
I
Taillight
55
I
I
I
I
I
Brakelight
55
I
I
I
I
I
Headlight
55
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
ELECTRICAL
73
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
CHASSIS
Ski Toe Alignment
--
I
I
I
Suspension Mounting
Bolts
--
I
I
I
I
I
Steering Fasteners
--
I
I
I
I
C
Rear Suspension
Fasteners
--
I
I
I
I
I
Walker Evans Air
Shocks
--
Suspension Shock Oil
--
I
I
I
Cooling Fins/Shroud
--
I
I
I
I
Drive Shaft Bearings
76
L
L
L
I
Jackshaft Bearings
108
L
L
L
I
Skags (Wear Bars)
105
I
I
I
I
I
Ski Saddle/Spindle
Bolts
--
I
I
I
I
I
Drive Chain Tension
88
I
I
I
I
I
Hood Latches
50
I
I
I
I
I
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
101
I
I
I
I
I
Idler Bolt Jam Nut
101
I
I
I
I
Rear Suspension Pivot
Shafts
75
L
L
Camber Alignment
--
I
I
I
Handlebar Centering
--
Tether Switch and Strap
55
I
I
I
I
I
Track Alignment
102
I
I
I
I
I
Track Tension
101
I
I
I
I
I
Front Limiter Strap
--
I
I
I
I
Rail Slide Condition
106
Chaincase Oil
77
See your dealer for service
at 1500 mi. (2000 km)
I
L
I
I
I
I
I
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
74
I
R
I
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Front Suspension
The front suspension does not require lubrication.
Rear Suspension
Lubricate the suspension pivot shafts with Polaris Premium All Season
Grease at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table
beginning on page 72 and before seasonal storage. When operating in
heavy, wet snow conditions, lubricate every 500 miles (800 km).
Lack of lubrication will adversely affect your ride and the life of the suspension. For more information about suspension lubrication and adjustments, see your Polaris dealer.
+
+
+
+
75
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Driveshaft Bearing
Inject grease into the fitting on the speedometer sensor housing until grease purges
from the seal on the inside of the tunnel.
This should take approximately two
pumps. Do not use more than four pumps.
Throttle Cable
Lubricate the throttle cable lightly
with grease or oil. With the
engine off, turn the handlebars to
the left and lubricate liberally as
shown.
76
Fitting
Lubrication
MAINTENANCE
n Chaincase Oil
Check the chaincase oil level at the
intervals outlined in the maintenance
charts beginning on page 71. The sight
glass is located on the lower rear of the
chaincase. Maintain the oil level at or
slightly below the center of the sight
glass. Change the chaincase oil after the
first 500 miles (800 km), then every
1000 miles (1600 km) or seasonally.
Fill
Plug
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris
Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page 110
for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Oil Check
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. View the oil level at the sight glass.
3. Remove the fill plug and add the
recommended oil as needed. Do not
overfill.
4. Reinstall the fill plug, making sure it
is seated properly.
Sight Glass
Maintain Level Here
77
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Chaincase Oil
Oil Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the drain plug and drain the
oil into a drain pan. Allow the oil to
drain completely.
3. Clean off all metal shavings from the
plug.
4. Install a new sealing washer on the
Drain Plug
drain plug. The sealing surfaces on the
drain plug and the oil tank should be
clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
5. Reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 6-10 ft. lbs. (8-13 Nm).
6. Remove the fill plug. Clean off all metal shavings from the plug.
7. Add 11 oz. (325 ml) of the recommended oil. Do not overfill.
8. Reinstall the fill plug, making sure it is seated properly.
78
Spark Plugs
MAINTENANCE
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug
firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed up
and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately check the
spark plug for correct color.
CAUTION! A hot exhaust system and engine can cause burns. Wear
protective gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
Normal Spark Plug
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates overheating,
caused by use of an improper spark plug or incorrect carburetor/throttle
body adjustments.
Wet Fouled Spark Plug
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil, use
of non-recommended injection oil, improper use of the choke, or incorrect carburetor/throttle body adjustments.
79
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the preservative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle speeds,
which cause plug fouling and carbonization. Change the spark plugs
every 2000-2500 miles (3200-4000 km).
NOTICE: Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine
damage. A spark plug with a heat range too high will always cause
engine damage if the engine is operated in conditions more severe
than intended for that plug. Always use the spark plugs recommended
for your snowmobile. See your Owner’s Manual Supplement.
•
•
•
•
Use recommended spark plugs with the proper gap.
Use only resistor-type spark plugs.
Torque spark plugs to 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm).
Always carry spare spark plugs.
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Using the special wrench provided in the tool pouch, rotate the
spark plug counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation.
4. Torque to specification.
5. Reinstall the spark plug cap.
80
Intake Filters
The intake foam filter limits snow
ingestion into the intake system.
When operating in loose powder
snow, check the top of the foam
filter periodically to remove any
accumulation of snow.
MAINTENANCE
Intake Foam Filters/Pre-filter
NOTICE: Operating the snowmobile
with the intake filters
removed may cause intake
icing. The result will be poor
fuel economy or intake malfunction. Always reinstall
the intake filters before
operating the snowmobile.
81
MAINTENANCE
Fuel Injectors
All fuel injector service must be performed by an authorized Polaris
dealer. Do not attempt to clean or service the fuel injectors.
Fuel Pump
All fuel pump service must be performed by an authorized Polaris
dealer. Do not attempt to service the fuel pump.
Fuel Filter
See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the fuel filter at the intervals
outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 72.
Fuel Lines
Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage.
Always check fuel line condition after periods of storage. Normal deterioration from weather and fuel compounds may occur. Replace worn or
damaged fuel lines promptly.
NOTICE: Kinking the fuel lines or using a pliers or similar tools to remove fuel
lines may cause damage to the lines. If a fuel line has been damaged
or kinked, replace it promptly.
Oil Lines
Inspect oil line condition at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 72.
Oil Filter
Have your dealer change the oil filter
and bleed the system at the intervals
outlined in the Periodic Maintenance
Table beginning on page 72.
TIP: The direction of the arrows indicates
the direction of flow through the
filter.
82
Exhaust System
MAINTENANCE
Check the exhaust system for wear or damage at the intervals outlined in
the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 71.
CAUTION! Hot exhaust system parts can cause burns. Allow adequate time for
the exhaust system to cool. Never perform this procedure with the engine
running.
Always allow the engine and exhaust system to cool completely before
inspecting.
1. Open the hood and inspect the muffler and pipes for cracks or damage.
2. Check for weak or missing retaining springs or damper/support
grommets.
3. Check for loose clamps on the pipe covers.
83
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Coolant
The coolant supplied in the system is a 60/40 mixture of ethylene-glycol
and distilled water. This mixture provides protection against freezing.
Contact your dealer if greater protection is required.
Use Premium 60/40 anti-freeze coolant, which is already premixed and
ready to use. Do not dilute with water. Never exceed a 60% antifreeze/
40% water mixture. See page 110 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
TIP: Never add tap water to the cooling system. Minerals cause deposits and
may react adversely with the metals in the engine and cooling system.
n Coolant Level
The engine coolant level is controlled by the recovery system. The
recovery system components are:
• Coolant bottle or overflow tank
• Filler neck
• Pressure cap
• Connecting hoses
Always maintain the coolant level between the minimum and maximum
marks on the coolant bottle (when engine is cold) to prevent overheating
and serious engine damage.
NOTICE: Operating the snowmobile with insufficient coolant will result in overheating and serious engine damage. Always maintain the coolant
level as recommended.
84
Cooling System
MAINTENANCE
Coolant High Temperature Indicator Light
The high temperature indicator light will illuminate when engine coolant temperature becomes too hot for safe continued operation of the
engine. If you must drive your snowmobile after the high temperature
indicator light has come on, drive slowly and stop frequently to allow
the engine to cool down. Driving in deep snow will also help cool the
engine. See your dealer for service. Add coolant if the level is low.
TIP: Engine performance will be reduced if you continue operating when the
high temperature light is on.
Flushing the Cooling System
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine,
drain the system completely every two years and add a fresh mixture of
antifreeze and distilled water. This service must be performed when the
engine is cold. Ask your Polaris dealer to check the coolant when he
performs the fall tune-up on your snowmobile.
85
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Bleeding the Cooling System
CAUTION! Steam and hot liquids will cause burns to your skin. Never bleed
the cooling system or remove the pressure cap when the engine is warm or hot.
Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to
function properly. If the pressure cap needs replacement, contact your
dealer for the correct part.
NOTICE: If coolant flow becomes restricted or plugged, coolant loss, air lock or
engine damage may result. Most cooling systems are equipped with
a filter that should be periodically inspected or replaced.
86
Cooling System
MAINTENANCE
Bleeding the Cooling System
Bleed the cooling system at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 72. Perform the bleeding procedure
when the engine is cold.
1. Remove the pressure cap and fill the coolant bottle with properly
mixed coolant to the maximum mark.
2. Elevate the front end of the machine slightly to aid in bleeding of
the heat exchangers.
3. Remove the bleed screw from the water outlet manifold and/or the
thermostat housing. Allow the coolant to bleed through the system
until it runs out the bleed holes. Reinstall the bleed screw into the
manifold.
4. Add coolant to the coolant bottle to the maximum mark.
5. Start the engine and run at a fast idle for two to three minutes.
Loosen the bleed screw occasionally to purge any trapped air.
6. Stop the engine and check the coolant bottle level. Fill as required.
7. Feel the heat exchangers under the running boards. If the system is
bled properly, they'll be warm to the touch. If they're not, repeat step
5. Lift the front of the machine slightly to assist in the bleeding.
8. Replace the pressure cap and carefully lower the front end of the
machine.
87
MAINTENANCE
Drive Chain Tension
Check drive chain tension weekly
and before each long trip. To
obtain correct chain tension:
1. Rotate the driven clutch
counterclockwise to move all
chain slack to the tensioner
side. Lock the brake lever
lock, or have an assistant
hold the brake lever firmly.
2. Loosen the adjuster bolt jam
nut.
3. Finger tighten the adjuster
bolt until it can no longer be
adjusted by hand, then back
off 1/4 turn.
4. Tighten the jam nut while
holding the adjuster bolt.
Torque to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).
5. Release the brake lever lock.
88
Adjuster
Bolt
Jam
Nut
Brakes
MAINTENANCE
n Hydraulic Brake Inspection
Inspect the brake lever travel before each use of the snowmobile. See
page 51.
Brake pads must be replaced when the brake pad material becomes thinner than the backing plate, approximately 1/16" (1.5mm). A kit is available for replacing brake pads. See your dealer.
WARNING! Brake failure during operation can result in serious injury or death.
Properly functioning brakes are vital to your safety. Be sure the brake pads do
not drag on the disc and that brake lever travel is not excessive. Always replace
brake pads when the brake pad material becomes thinner than the backing
plate, approximately 1/16" (1.5mm).
89
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
Brake Components
•
•
•
•
•
Brake Disc
Bleed Screw
Brake Line
Brake Caliper
Brake Pad Material Replace when thickness is
less than 1/16" (1.5mm).
Excessive Lever Travel
Hydraulic brakes are selfadjusting, but if excessive
brake pad clearance develops
(see page 89) bring the snowmobile to an authorized
Polaris dealer for inspection
and adjustment.
90
Bleed Screw
Brake Disc
Brake Line
Brake
Caliper
Brake Pad
Material
Brakes
MAINTENANCE
n Brake Fluid
Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high
temperature brake fluid. See page 110 for the part numbers of Polaris
products.
WARNING! After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused
portion. Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it
rapidly absorbs moisture from the air. The moisture causes the boiling
temperature of the brake fluid to drop, which can lead to early brake fade and
the possibility of accident or serious injury.
WARNING! Keep the master cylinder cover free of dirt and debris. The vent slits
allow for diaphragm movement, and if they become plugged, movement of
brake fluid below the diaphragm may be restricted, altering brake function.
The brake fluid level can be seen
through a plastic sight glass in the
brake reservoir. If the fluid is sufficient, the sight glass will be
black. If the sight glass is any
color other than black, add brake
fluid.
Sight
Glass
NOTICE: Brake fluid will damage
decals, paint and some
plastics. Always wipe up
spills immediately.
91
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System
Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action.
Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile.
WARNING! Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of
brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death.
Never operate the vehicle with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
During the bleeding procedure, keep the brake handle as level as possible. The reservoir must be in this position to minimize the possibility of
air entering the system through the reservoir vent.
1. Remove brake master cylinder reservoir cover and gasket.
2. Fill the master cylinder reservoir to between the MIN and MAX
marks or 1/4"-5/16" (.6-.8 cm) below the lip of the reservoir
opening. Reinstall the gasket and cover.
3. Slip a rubber tube over the ball of the bleeder valve and direct the
flow of fluid into an approved container.
4. Squeeze the brake lever a full stroke. Then unscrew the bleeder
valve 3/4 of a turn to release air.
5. Close the bleeder valve and release the brake lever.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until fluid flows from the bleeder valve in a
solid stream free of air bubbles.
WARNING! Overfilling the master cylinder leaves no room for fluid expansion
and may cause the brakes to lock, resulting in serious injury or death. Always
add brake fluid to the fill line as recommended.
7. After bleeding is complete, refill the reservoir to the proper level.
See page 91.
8. Reinstall the gasket and cover.
92
Lights
MAINTENANCE
Removing Halogen Bulbs
Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin leaves a
residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp. If fingers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcohol-moistened towel.
1. Remove the plenum covBulb
ering from the headlight
Spring
assembly.
2. Lift the rubber boot to
expose the bulb.
Harness
3. Push down on the spring
to release it from the
housing.
4. With the wire harness
attached to the bulb,
withdraw the bulb from the housing.
5. Grasp the bulb by its metal base and carefully separate the bulb
from the harness.
Installing Halogen Bulbs
1.
2.
3.
4.
Hold the bulb by its metal base and install it into the wire harness.
Insert the bulb into the housing.
Connect the spring to the housing.
Carefully flip the spring back into the housing, placing it around the
wire harness.
5. Reinstall the plenum covering on the headlight assembly.
6. Adjust headlight aim. See page 28.
Replacing Taillight Bulbs
1. Remove the screws securing
the taillight lens.
2. Remove the bulb and install a
new bulb.
3. Reinstall the lens.
Screws
93
MAINTENANCE
Clutch System
Periodically inspect clutch sheaves for damage, wear or belt residue. To
maintain optimum performance, clean with non-oil based cleaners such
as isopropyl alcohol.
WARNING! If you become aware of higher than normal clutch engagement or
an unusual vibration or shift pattern, see your dealer immediately. Do not
operate the snowmobile until repairs have been made.
All clutch maintenance and repairs must be performed by an authorized
Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to clutches, such as adding or removing weights, will void the warranty.
NOTICE: The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made
of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate
clutch bushings.
Clutch Alignment Offset
Clutch alignment offset is important for maintaining optimum performance. Please see your Polaris dealer if you experience a decrease in
performance.
Clutch Center Distance
See your Owner's Manual Supplement for recommended center distance
for your machine. If adjustment is necessary, see your dealer.
94
Clutch System
MAINTENANCE
n Drive Belt Condition
Belt width and length must match the center distance of the clutches and
sheave width of the drive clutch. For this reason, Polaris recommends
that only O.E.M. belts be used. Other belts may match the dimensions,
but can drastically change the shift pattern, resulting in poor performance. See Drive Belt Troubleshooting on page 115.
Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and
always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear: frayed
edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace the belt if
any of these conditions exist.
TIP: A worn belt will continue to function, but will not deliver maximum
performance. Always carry a spare belt in case of an emergency.
For improved drive-away during extremely cold temperatures, remove
the belt and warm it to room temperature. Reinstall it before starting the
snowmobile.
Drive Belt Installation
1. Drop the drive belt over the drive
clutch and pull back the slack.
TIP: To ensure satisfactory belt life, install
belts so they operate in the same
direction of rotation by positioning the
identification numbers so that you
can read them. If required, separate
the sheaves as outlined in the belt
removal procedures.
2. Rotate the L-wrench counterclockwise to tighten the sheaves while working the belt to the outer
edge of the sheaves.
3. Remove the wrench and store it in the tool kit.
4. Reinstall the side panel.
5. Close and secure the hood.
95
MAINTENANCE
Clutch System
Drive Belt Removal
NOTICE: Do not attempt to remove the drive belt after operating in reverse. The
snowmobile must be stopped after forward motion to prevent damage
to components during belt removal.
1. Stop the engine after operating in a forward motion.
TIP: For easier accessibility, make sure the clutch tool access hole is visible
between the 11:00 and 2:00 positions of the clutch sheave.
2. Turn the ignition key off.
Access Hole
Wait for the engine to come
to a complete stop.
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Open the hood.
11:00
2:00
5. Remove the left side panel.
6. Rotate the driven clutch
counterclockwise 1/4 turn by
hand to ensure forward
engagement before
attempting to remove the
belt.
7. Locate the L-wrench in the tool kit. Install the wrench into the open
threaded access hole in the outer sheave of the clutch.
8. Turn the wrench clockwise until the sheaves open far enough to
remove the belt.
96
Clutch System
n Drive Belt Deflection
Measure belt deflection with both
clutches at rest and in their full
neutral position.
MAINTENANCE
Measure
A
Straight
Edge
Place a straight edge on the belt
and apply downward pressure
while measuring at point A. This
measurement should be 1 1/4"
(3.2 cm).
Drive Belt Adjustment
1. Install the L-wrench into the open threaded hole in the outer sheave
of the clutch (see page 96). Turn the wrench clockwise slightly to
remove pressure from the sheaves.
2. Loosen the 7/16" jam nut.
3. Using a 1/8" Allen wrench, turn the set screw inward (clockwise) to
increase the distance between the sheaves or outward
(counterclockwise) to decrease the distance.
4. Tighten the jam nut. Store the L-wrench in the tool kit.
Torque Stop
Periodically check torque stop clearance. With clutches in proper alignment, measure rear torque stop
clearance from the engine case. Rear
torque stop clearance should be .010".030" (.25-.75mm). Adjust if necessary. Secure the nut.
.010"-.030"
(.25-.75 mm)
97
MAINTENANCE
Track Replacement
When replacing the track, always install a track having the lug size recommended for your model. See your Polaris dealer.
NOTICE: Installing tracks with larger lugs on machines equipped with coolers
will result in damage to the cooler or tunnel. Always install a track having the lug size recommended for your model.
Track Inspection
WARNING! Broken track rods can cause a rotating track to come off the
machine, which could cause serious injury or death. Never operate with a
damaged track. Never rotate a damaged track under power.
1. Using a hoist, safely lift and support the rear of the snowmobile
off the ground.
2. Rotate the track by hand to check
for damage.
3. Carefully examine the track along
the entire length of each rod.
Bend the track to check for
breakage.
4. Replace the track if any rod
damage is found.
98
Rods
Track Lubrication
MAINTENANCE
The slide rail needs snow for lubrication. Excessive wear indicates
insufficient lubrication. A new rail slide can cause faster heat build-up
in limited lubrication, resulting in excessive wear.
WARNING! Operating with insufficient lubrication between the rail slide and
track guide clips can cause track failure, loss of vehicle control and loss of
braking ability, which can result in serious injury or death. Avoid operating for
extended periods on ice and other surfaces that have little or no snow for
lubrication.
Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or under other poor
lubrication conditions will void the track warranty.
NOTICE: High speed use on hard-packed surfaces is not recommended for
models equipped with a deep lug track. Track lug damage may occur.
Keep high speed use to a minimum, including frequent slow-speed
intervals for track cooling.
99
MAINTENANCE
Track Tension
WARNING! Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the
checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all
moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine
running.
Track tension is critical for maximum efficiency and performance.
Track tension controls the approach angle of the track to the rail beam in
powder snow conditions. Deep snow performance will be optimized at
the specified tension. Looser tensions will cause the track to “bunch” in
front of the rail tips, causing improper approach angle and poor performance. New tracks will need to be retightened and aligned after the first
ride.
TRACK TENSION DATA CHART
Suspension
Weight
IQ RMK
10 lbs. (4.54 kg)
Measurement
Location
Slack
Measurement
16" (40 cm)
ahead of rear
idler shaft
3/8"-1/2"
(1-1.3 cm)
TIP: Tension adjustments should be made only after the track is warmed up and
limber.
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Lift the rear of the snowmobile and safely support it off the ground.
3. Place the recommended weight or downward pressure on the track
at the specified distance (see chart) ahead of the center of the rear
idler wheel. Measure at the point where the weight is placed.
4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip
and the plastic rail slide.
100
MAINTENANCE
Track Tension
Adjusting
Screw
10 lbs.
(4.54 kg)
Idler Shaft Bolt
Lock
Nut
16" (40 cm)
If the track needs adjustment:
5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolt.
6. Loosen the lock nuts.
7. Tighten or loosen the track adjusting screws as necessary to provide
equal adjustment on both sides of the track.
8. Repeat the measurement on the other side of the track.
TIP: Check more frequently when the snowmobile is new.
9. Start the engine and slowly rotate the track at least five revolutions.
Let the track come to a stop (do not apply brakes).
10. Check track alignment (see page 102) and adjust as necessary.
11. Tighten the lock nuts.
12. Tighten the idler shaft bolts. Torque to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
101
MAINTENANCE
n Track Alignment
Periodically check that the track is
centered and running evenly on the
slide rails. Misalignment will cause
excessive wear to the track and slide
rail.
1. Safely support the rear of the
snowmobile with the track off the
ground.
2. Start the engine and apply a small
amount of throttle until the track
turns slowly at least five
Window
complete revolutions. Stop the
Rail
engine and let the track come to a
stop (do not apply brakes).
3. Inspect track alignment by looking through the track window to
make sure the rails are evenly spaced on each side. If the track runs
to the left, loosen the left locknut and tighten the left adjusting bolt.
If the track runs to the right, loosen the right locknut and tighten the
right adjusting bolt.
4. After adjustments are complete, tighten the locknuts and torque
idler shaft bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
5. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to verify proper alignment.
102
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Steering Inspection and Adjustment
Check all steering system fasteners weekly and before a long ride.
Tighten any loose fasteners.
+ +
+
+
+
103
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Ski Alignment
WARNING! Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering
control, resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to change the ski
alignment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer.
With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle
weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of
the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt. The measurement
between the skis at point X should be 1/8" to 1/4" (3-6 mm) greater than
the measurement at point Y.
If the skis are misaligned, we recommend that your dealer correct the
alignment, since camber adjustment may also be affected.
X
10 in.
(25.4 cm)
10 in.
(25.4 cm)
Y
104
Steering System
MAINTENANCE
n Ski Skags
WARNING! Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of
vehicle control may result, causing serious injury or death. See your dealer's
studding chart for recommended skags. If you install longer or more aggressive
carbide skags than the original equipment, it may also be necessary to add track
studs to maintain proper vehicle control while turning on hard-packed snow or
ice.
Check skags before each use of the snowmobile to ensure positive steering characteristics. Skags must be replaced when worn to half their original diameter. Carbide skags must be replaced if any abnormal wear or
chipping is found.
Skag Replacement
Some models are equipped with single skags. Other models are
equipped with dual skags.
1. Raise and support the front of
the snowmobile so the skis
are approximately 6" (15 cm)
from the ground.
2. Remove the attaching nuts
and pry the skag downward.
3. Remove the front end of the
skag.
4. Remove the rear end of the
skag.
5. Reverse the steps to install a
skag.
Skag
105
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
n Rail Slide Wear
For ease of inspection, all
Polaris rail slides have a
wear limit indicator groove
to indicate the minimum
permissible slide thickness. Replace the rail
slides if they are worn to
the top of the groove at any
point along their length.
Failure to do so may result
in permanent damage to
the track or rails.
106
Minimum
Thickness
Replace when
worn to top of
groove
MAINTENANCE
Matte Clear Coat Cleaning (if equipped)
Matte finish products are prone to trapping dirt, oils and other contaminants. Polaris Industries recommends cleaning with warm water and a
mild dish detergent. Use a soft sponge to gently rub the surface and rinse
with clean warm water. For stubborn stains such as grease or oil use a
citrus based cleaner (3M Citrus Base Cleaner recommended). Spray
onto the area to be cleaned and rub with a soft sponge. Allow to sit for a
couple of minutes and wash away with clean warm water. Repeat as
necessary to clean the surface.
NOTICE: Never use a polishing/buffing wax or any sponge that has an abrasive
surface. These products will buff the matte surface of the finish resulting in a glossy finish. It is not recommended that you clean matte finishes with a pressure washer as this will further imbed contaminants
into the clear coat and possibly damage the decals.
Extended Storage
Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive
measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of
many components. See page 110 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Cleaning and Preservation
Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood,
chassis, and plastic parts. Wipe down remaining surfaces with a damp
cloth. Clean and touch up with paint any rusted or previously painted
surfaces. Be sure that corrosive salt and acids are removed from surfaces
before beginning preservation with waxes and rust inhibitors (grease, oil
or paint).
The snowmobile should be stored in a dry garage or shed, out of direct
sunlight, and covered with a fabric snowmobile cover. Plastic tarp may
cause condensation to form and damage snowmobile components.
107
MAINTENANCE
Extended Storage
Controls and Linkage
Lubricate all bushings, spindle shafts, tie rod ends and cables as outlined
in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 72.
Bearings
Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris
Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent
corrosion.
Clutch and Drive System
Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Do not lubricate
clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as outlined in
the Master Repair Manual. See your dealer.
Engine Protection
Proper preparation of the engine and fuel system is vital to the prevention of rust and corrosion on precision engine parts during storage.
Whenever the machine is stored for a period of more than 60 days, the
engine must be fogged with fogging oil. Follow the engine fogging
instructions provided on the container.
TIP: Do not spray fogging oil into the plenum. Remove the plenum and spray the
fogging oil into the boost box. Continue spraying until the engine stops.
Always add Premium Carbon Clean or a fuel conditioner/stabilizer to
the fuel tank. Follow the instructions on the container, running the
engine for five minutes to get additives through the entire fuel system.
Top off with fresh fuel. Do not allow the snowmobile to run out of fuel.
See page 68.
108
Extended Storage
MAINTENANCE
Electrical Connections
Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring
harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage,
moving parts, and hot exhaust parts.
Track and Suspension
Moderate track tension should be maintained during summer storage.
The machine should be supported off the ground to allow the track to
hang freely.
Transporting the Snowmobile
Whenever the snowmobile is transported:
1. Be sure the fuel cap and oil cap are installed correctly.
2. Always tie the snowmobile to the transporting unit securely using
suitable straps.
3. Remove the ignition key to prevent loss.
109
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part No.
Description
Engine Lubricants
2870791
Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol)
2877882
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2877953
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2 qt.)
2877883
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2877884
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2877887
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (ltr)
2877888
VES Gold Plus Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (4 ltr)
Chaincase Lubricants
2873105
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (qt.)
2872951
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (12 oz.)
2871312
Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season (3 oz.)
2871322
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
2871423
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
2871329
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Grease/Specialized Lubricants
Coolant
2871323
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (gal.)
2871534
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (qt.)
Additives/Miscellaneous
2871326
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
2870652
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
2872189
DOT 4 Brake Fluid (12 oz.)
2872893
Engine Degreaser (12 oz.)
2870505
Isopropyl
2872889
Brake and Clutch Cleaner
2872890
Carb and Throttle Body Cleaner
110
Engine Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING
Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair,
see your dealer if technical problems arise.
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Erratic engine operating RPM during
acceleration or load
variations
Drive clutch binding
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Driven clutch malfunction
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Harsh drive clutch
engagement
Drive belt worn or
too narrow
• Replace the drive belt.
Excessive belt/
sheave clearance
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt turns over
Machine fails to
move
Wrong belt for appli- • Replace the drive belt.
cation
Clutch alignment out
of spec
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine mount broken or loose
• Inspect and replace. SEE YOUR
DEALER.
Clutch jammed
• Check for twisted belt or broken
spring. SEE YOUR DEALER.
Track jammed
• Foreign object may be caught or the
rail slide melted to the track clips
due to lack of lubrication.
• Track may be iced up or frozen to
the ground.
Chaincase sprocket
or chain jammed or
broken
• Chain is loose or broken or chain
tightener is loose. SEE YOUR
DEALER.
111
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Troubleshooting
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Noise in drive system
Broken drive clutch
components
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Bearing failure/
chaincase, jackshaft,
or front drive shaft
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt surface
flat spots
• Inspect and replace as needed.
Poor low RPM performance
Engine doesn't turn
112
Drive chain loose
• Inspect and adjust (or replace).
Drive chain worn,
sprocket teeth broken
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Worn drive belt
• Inspect and replace as needed.
Excessive belt/
sheave clearance
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Loose torque stop
• Inspect and adjust.
Sticky clutch
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Poor fuel quality
• Use 91 octane fuel (or higher).
Seized engine
• SEE YOUR DEALER. Seizure is a
result of poor lubrication, inadequate fuel supply, broken parts or
improper cooling.
Hydrostatic lock
• Fuel may have entered the crankcase
while the vehicle was standing or
being transported. SEE YOUR
DEALER to correct the cause.
Drain plug(s) are located on the
lower crankcase for emergency
draining.
Engine Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Engine turns but fails
to start
Faulty ignition
• Install new spark plug(s). If engine
still fails to start, check for spark. If
there's no spark, SEE YOUR
DEALER.
No fuel to engine
• Make sure the fuel tank contains
fuel.
• Ice may be in the fuel line, filter or
pump. Add isopropyl alcohol to the
fuel system.
Fouled or defective
spark plug(s)
• Replace the plug(s).
Fuel filter (loss of
high RPM power)
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Incorrect clutching
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Faulty plug(s)
• Change plug(s).
Fuel System
• Dirt or ice may be in the fuel system
(deicer should be added to non-ethanol fuel at all times for assurance
against fuel line icing).
Incorrect throttle
freeplay or faulty
switch
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine requires
more than normal
pulls to start
Poor fuel
• Replace with fresh winter fuel.
Not enough fuel getting to engine
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine backfires but
fails to start
Spark plug wires
may be on wrong
cylinder
• Reinstall spark plug wires to the corresponding cylinder.
Engine lacks power
Engine continually
backfires
113
TROUBLESHOOTING
Suspension Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution
Rear suspension bottoms too easily
• Set static sag (see page 43). Adjust torsion spring blocks or
install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag
dimensions.
Rides too stiff in rear
• Check for binding suspension components and grease all
pivot points.
• Set static sag (see page 43). Adjust torsion spring blocks or
install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag
dimensions.
Too much weight
transfer when climbing
• Set static sag (see page 43). Adjust torsion spring blocks or
install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag.
• Move limiter strap to high position (see page 44).
Too little weight
transfer when climbing
• Set static sag (see page 43). Adjust torsion spring blocks or
install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag.
• Move limiter strap to low position (see page 44).
Front end pushes
• Check for worn skags.
• Check for binding front suspension shafts/steering components, grease all pivot points (elevate front of machine).
• Set static sag (see page 43). Adjust torsion spring blocks or
install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag.
• Increase IFS preload (if equipped).
• Move limiter strap to high position (see page 44).
Steering is heavy
•
•
•
•
Machine darts from
side to side
• Check ski alignment (see page 104).
• Check for binding front suspension shafts/steering components, grease all pivot points (elevate front of machine).
• Check for excessive play in steering assembly (see dealer).
• Ensure skags are straight on skis.
• Set static sag (see page 43).
• Check rail slide/replace if worn (see page 106).
• Install Accu-Trak dual skags (see your dealer).
114
Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely.
Check ski alignment (see page 104).
Check skags and skis for damage.
Set static sag (see page 43).
TROUBLESHOOTING
Drive Belt Troubleshooting
Belt Wear/Burn Diagnosis
Causes
Solutions
Driving at low RPM
• Drive at higher RPM. Gear the machine down. Check
belt deflection.
Insufficient warm-up
• Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive
belt off the machine in extremely cold weather and
warm it up. Break machine loose from the snow.
Towing at low RPM
• Do not tow in deep snow. Use fast, aggressive throttle
to engage clutch.
Riding with high RPM
and slow speed (8000
RPM/10 MPH)
• Lower the gear ratio. Reduce RPM. Avoid riding in
high ambient temperatures. Check for snow ingestion.
Ice and snow build-up
between track and tunnel
• Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive
belt off the machine in extremely cold weather and
warm it up. Break machine loose from the snow.
Poor engine performance
• Check for water, ice or dirt in the fuel tank or fuel line.
Loading machines onto
trailers
• Skis may gouge into trailers and prevent the drivetrain
from spinning properly. Use enough speed to drive the
machine completely onto the trailer. Push and pull it to
finish loading if necessary.
Clutch malfunction
• Inspect clutch components. See your dealer.
Slow, easy clutch engage- • Use fast, aggressive throttle to engage clutch.
ment
115
WARRANTY
Service And Warranty Information
Obtaining Service and Warranty Assistance
Read and understand the service data and the Polaris warranty information contained in this manual. Contact your Polaris dealer for replacement parts, service or warranty. Your dealer receives frequent updates
on changes, modifications and tips on snowmobile maintenance, which
may supersede information contained in this manual. Your dealer is also
familiar with Polaris policies and procedures and will be happy to assist
you.
When contacting us about parts, service, or warranty, always provide the
following information:
1. Serial number
2. Model number
3. Dealer name
4. Date of purchase
5. Details of trouble experienced
6. Length of time and conditions of operation
7. Previous correspondence
Use the page provided near the front of your Owner’s Manual to record
the identification numbers of your snowmobile and its engine.
Polaris Customer Service
United States: 1-888-704-5290
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
116
Service And Warranty Information
WARRANTY
Polaris Anti-Theft System
The Polaris anti-theft system (PATS) monitoring program is designed to
aid owners of registered snowmobiles in recovery of stolen machines.
Administration
1. Polaris snowmobile owner reports theft.
A. In addition to notifying the proper law enforcement officials, the
owner must call Polaris Customer Service.
B. Owners must provide their name, address, telephone number and
the model and serial number of stolen machines.
2. Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated
list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts.
3. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit
is recovered
117
WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in
material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or
replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty. The warranty begins on
the date of purchase. This warranty is transferable to another consumer, during the warranty period, through a Polaris dealer.
Registration
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer
and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will
record the registration for warranty. No verification of registration will be sent to the
purchaser as the copy of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration and received the customer copy,
please contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE
ALLOWED UNLESS THE SNOWMOBILE IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your snowmobile is very important in ensuring
trouble-free operation. Purchasing a snowmobile in the crate or without proper dealer
set-up will void your warranty coverage.
Warranty Coverage and Exclusions
Limitations of warranties and remedies
This warranty excludes any failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.
The warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or
improper handling. The warranty also does not cover any snowmobile that has been
structurally altered, neglected, improperly maintained, used for racing or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured. The warranty does not cover any damages that occur during trailer transit or as a result of unauthorized service or parts. In
addition, this warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress cracks,
tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion or defects in parts, components
or the snowmobile due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond Polaris’ control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that
are not compatible with the snowmobile.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris’ exclusive option,
repair or replacement of any defective materials, or components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL
HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL
OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or implied warranties, so the
above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling
state law.
118
WARRANTY
Limitations of warranties and remedies
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE ABOVE ONE YEAR
WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations
on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you if
inconsistent with controlling state law.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present
your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to
and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility). Polaris recommends that you use your
original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to perform
warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Your dealer will contact the
appropriate personnel at Polaris if additional assistance is needed.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty
terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered
by warranty.
119
WARRANTY
Conditions and Exclusions
In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested
by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle
Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer
sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty. Failure to provide proof of
required periodic maintenance upon request may result in denial of warranty coverage.
Use of the recommended Polaris products for lubrication and maintenance as directed by
the Owner’s manual is highly recommended. Should a failure occur during the warranty
period resulting from the use of non-recommended products, warranty coverage may be
denied.
Warranty does not apply to parts exposed to friction surfaces, stresses, environmental
conditions and/or contamination. The following items are excluded from warranty consideration if the failure was due to wear or not the direct result of a defect:
Skis
Tracks
Suspension components
Brake components
Seat components
Clutches and components
Steering components
Batteries
Light bulbs/Sealed beam lamps
Idler wheels
Ski wear rods
Slide rails
Finished and unfinished surfaces
Carburetor/Throttle body components
Engine components
Drive belts
Hydraulic components
Circuit breakers/Fuses
Electronic components
Warranty applies to the product only and does not allow for coverage of personal loss.
Some items are considered “consumable,” meaning they are considered part of normal
maintenance or part of completing an effective repair. The following items are excluded
from warranty coverage in the event of a warranty claim:
Spark Plugs
Filters
Fuel
Sealants
Hotel fees
Towing charges
Mileage
Rentals/Loss of product use
Lubricants such as oil, grease, etc.
Batteries (unless defective)
Cosmetic damage/repair
Coolants
Meals
Shipping/ handling fees
Product pick-up/delivery
Loss of vacation/personal time
This warranty also excludes failures resulting from improper lubrication; improper
engine timing; improper fuel; surface imperfections caused by external stress, heat, cold
or contamination; operator error or abuse; improper component alignment, tension,
adjustment or altitude compensation; failure due to snow, water, dirt or other foreign
substance ingestion/contamination; improper maintenance; modified components; use
of aftermarket components resulting in failure; unauthorized repairs; repairs made after
the warranty period expires or by an unauthorized repair center; use of the product in
competition or for commercial purposes. Warranty will not apply to any product which
has been damaged by abuse, accident, fire or any other casualty not determined a defect
of materials or workmanship.
120
WARRANTY
Polaris Second Year Engine Service Contract
Second Year Engine Service Contract is standard on all eligible new and unused snowmobiles that were Snow Checked through an authorized Polaris dealer during the
March/April Snow Check promotion. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is
honored by all authorized Polaris snowmobile dealers in North America and is transferable 120 days after the original purchase date, free of charge, through any Polaris snowmobile dealer. Coverage on Snow Check units is automatic. Although you do not
receive a warranty card, your dealership should have printed a copy of the warranty registration form. This form is your proof of warranty.
Consumer Exclusions
• Each repair visit after the first twelve months of standard warranty coverage is subject
to a $50 deductible.
• The free Second Year Engine Service Contract applies to the first 5,000 miles or two
(2) calendar years from date of purchase, whichever comes first. Tampering with the
odometer shall void all warranties/service contracts. No extensions to coverage under
this engine service contract can be given. Used snowmobiles are not eligible under this
program.
• Snowmobiles used for commercial purposes or for racing are excluded from coverage.
Coverage
Coverage for second year engine failures due to defects in materials and workmanship
will be determined by Polaris in its sole discretion. Coverage is automatic with no additional paperwork required. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is subject to a
$50 deductible per visit. Regular, documented service maintenance visits are required to
validate this warranty.
A partial list of items excluded from coverage includes:
• Damage due to accident, fire, explosion, theft, or other causes beyond Polaris’ control.
• Damage caused by the failure of other components of the snowmobile.
• Failures caused by improper fuel or oil.
• Piston seizures, unless caused by a defective engine component.
• Failures caused due to improper adjustments.
• Failure due to unauthorized service.
• Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner’s manual or Polaris updates.
This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner’s manual.
• Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.
• Normal wear parts, including but not limited to spark plugs, hoses, batteries, controls,
and recoil ropes are excluded from coverage. Gaskets are covered, as are intake and
exhaust manifolds excluding paint coverage.
• Electrical coverage is limited to the ECU box, coils, stator plate, and sensors. Wiring
and other electrical components are excluded from coverage.
• Cooling system coverage is limited to the water pump assembly and components, fan,
fan bearings, temperature sensor, gasket and seals.
• Non wear related throttle body parts are covered. The fuel pump is covered.
• Clutches and related clutch parts, including but not limited to, the drive belt, are
excluded from coverage.
• Electrical components are excluded from coverage.
• Gearcases and transmissions are excluded from coverage.
121
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD
OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING DEALER’S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from
Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization for export. You should consult an
authorized dealer to determine this vehicle’s warranty or service bulletin coverage if you
have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer’s authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you
move or are traveling within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or
Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells
the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased,
you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer
photo identification from the country of the selling dealer’s authorized location as proof
of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the
customs department of the destination country before you move. Vehicles importation
rules vary considerably from country to country. You may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order
to register your vehicle in your new country.
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which
the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have
not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind. (Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the vehicle was
purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance (see page 116).
122
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
WARRANTY
This emissions limited warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty
for your vehicle. Polaris Industries Inc. warrants that at the time it is first purchased, this
emissions-certified vehicle is designed, built and equipped so it conforms with applicable U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emission regulations. Polaris warrants that
the vehicle is free from defects in materials and workmanship that would cause it to fail
to meet these regulations.
The warranty period for this emissions-certified vehicle starts on the date the vehicle is
first purchased and continues for a period of 200 hours of engine operation, 4000 kilometers (2485 miles) of vehicle travel, or 30 calendar months from the date of purchase,
whichever comes first.
This emissions limited warranty covers components whose failure increases the vehicle’s regulated emissions, and it covers components of systems whose only purpose is to
control emissions. Repairing or replacing other components not covered by this warranty is the responsibility of the vehicle owner. This emissions limited warranty does not
cover components whose failure does not increase the vehicle’s regulated emissions.
For exhaust emissions, emission-related components include any engine parts related to
the following systems:
• Air-induction system
• Fuel system
• Ignition system
• Exhaust gas recirculation systems
The following parts are also considered emission-related components for exhaust emissions:
• Aftertreatment devices
• Crankcase ventilation valves
• Sensors
• Electronic control units
The following parts are considered emission-related components for evaporative emissions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fuel Tank
Fuel Cap
Fuel Line
Fuel Line Fittings
Clamps*
Pressure Relief Valves*
Control Valves*
Control Solenoids*
Electronic Controls*
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vacuum Control Diaphragms*
Control Cables*
Control Linkages*
Purge Valves
Vapor Hoses
Liquid/Vapor Separator
Carbon Canister
Canister Mounting Brackets
Carburetor Purge Port Connector
*As related to the evaporative emission control system.
123
WARRANTY
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
The exclusive remedy for breach of this limited warranty shall be, at the exclusive
option of Polaris, repair or replacement of any defective materials, components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE THE
ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
DESCRIPTION,WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR
OTHERWISE.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE WARRANTY
PERIOD DESCRIBED HEREIN. POLARIS DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on
how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply if it is inconsistent with the controlling state law.
This limited warranty excludes failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.This limited warranty does not cover damage due to accidents, abuse or improper
handling, maintenance or use. This limited warranty also does not cover any engine that
has been structurally altered, or when the vehicle has been used in racing competition.
This limited warranty also does not cover physical damage, corrosion or defects caused
by fire, explosions or other similar causes beyond the control of Polaris.
Owners are responsible for performing the scheduled maintenance identified in the
owner's manual. Polaris may deny warranty claims for failures that have been caused by
the owner’s or operator’s improper maintenance or use, by accidents for which Polaris
has no responsibility, or by acts of God.
Any qualified repair shop or person may maintain, replace, or repair the emission control devices or systems on your vehicle. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary for your vehicle.
Polaris also recommends that you use only Pure Polaris parts. It is a potential violation
of the Clean Air Act if a part supplied by an aftermarket parts manufacturer reduces the
effectiveness of the vehicle's emission controls. Tampering with emission controls is
prohibited by federal law.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, please
contact the Polaris Warranty Department at 1-888-704-5290.
124
MAINTENANCE LOG
Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snowmobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an
accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile.
DATE
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
125
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
126
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
127
INDEX
A
D
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Apparel for Riding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Avalanches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Drive Chain Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Driver Awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Driving Downhill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Driving in Hilly Terrain. . . . . . . . . . . 17
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . . 17
Driving Responsibly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
B
Brake Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Brake Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Brake Lever Feel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Brake Lever Travel . . . . . . . . . . 51, 90
Brake System, Bleeding. . . . . . . . . . 92
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51, 89-92
Break-In, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57-58
Bulbs, Replacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
C
Cargo System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Chaincase Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77-78
Clutch Alignment Offset . . . . . . . . . 94
Clutch Center Distance . . . . . . . . . . 94
Clutch Cover Warning. . . . . . . . . . . 22
Clutch System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94-97
Clutches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Coolant High Temperature Light. . . 85
Coolant Level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84-87
Cooling System Bleeding . . . . . . 86-87
Cooling System Flushing. . . . . . . . . 85
D
DET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Detonation Elimination Technology 29
Digital Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Digital Display Programs . . . . . . 33-37
Disabled Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Drive Belt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Drive Belt Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . 97
Drive Belt Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Drive Belt Deflection. . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Drive Belt Installation . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Drive Belt Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Drive Belt Troubleshooting . . . . . . 115
128
E
Electrical Connections. . . . . . . . . . . 109
Emission Control Information . . . 69-70
Emission Control Label . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Emission Control Maintenance . . . . . 69
Engine Break-In. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57-58
Engine Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Engine Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Engine, Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Environment Preservation . . . . . . . . . . 6
Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Eye Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
F
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fuel Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fuel Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fuel Mode Change Wires . . . . . . . . . 61
Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Fuel Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Fuel Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Fuel System Deicers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Fuel, Non-Ethanol vs. Ethanol . . . . . 61
G
Gauge Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
H
Handlebar Adjustments . . . . . . . . 46-47
Handlebar Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Handlebar Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Headlight Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Helmet Recommendations. . . . . . . . . 12
Hood Latches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Hot Surface Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
INDEX
I
P
Ice and Snow Build-up . . . . . . . . . . . 16
IFS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-38
Intake Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Intake Silencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Parking Brake Lever Lock . . . . . . . . 52
Passenger Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Pre-Ride Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . 49-55
Pressure Cap Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 22
L
R
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Limiter Strap Position . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Low Oil Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . 62
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75-78
Chaincase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77-78
Driveshaft Bearing . . . . . . . . . . 76
Front Suspension. . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Rear Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Throttle Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Rail Slide Wear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Recoil Rope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Reverse Operation . . . . . . . . . . . 66-67
Reverse Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Rider Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
M
Maintenance Interval Table . . . . 72-74
Maintenance Program . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Maneuverability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
MFD Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
MFD Digital Display . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
MFD Digital Display Programs . 34-37
MFD Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
N
Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
O
Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Oil Injection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Oil Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Oil Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Oil, Chaincase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Operating in Deep Snow. . . . . . . . . . 19
Operation Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 24-25
S
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-25
Sag Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Shock Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Shock Compression Valving . . . . . . 45
Shocks, Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Shocks, Assault. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Shocks, Standard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Skags. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Ski Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Slide Rail and Track Cooling . . . . . . 58
Snow Build-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Snow Conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79-80
Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Spring Preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Steering Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Steering Inspection . . . . . . . . . . 53, 103
Steering System . . . . . . . . . . . 103-106
Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Storage, Daily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Storage, Extended . . . . . . . . . . 107-109
129
INDEX
S
V
Survival Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Suspension Adjustments, Front . . 39-41
Suspension Adjustments, Rear . . 42-45
Suspension Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Suspension Lubrication, Front. . . . . 75
Suspension Lubrication, Rear . . . . . 75
Suspension Performance Tips . . . . . 42
Suspension, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Vehicle Identification Numbers. . . . . . 7
T
Tether Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50, 64
Throttle Safety Switch . . . . . . . . 50, 63
Torque Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Torsion Spring Preload . . . . . . . . . . 44
Towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Track Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Track Care for Storage. . . . . . . . . . 109
Track Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . 53, 98
Track Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Track Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Track Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100-101
Track Warm-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Track Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Track, Deep Lug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Transporting the Snowmobile . . . . 109
Troubleshooting, Drive Belt . . . . . 115
Troubleshooting, Engine . . . . . 111-113
Troubleshooting, Rear Suspension 114
130
W
Warning Labels/Decals . . . . . . . . 22-25
Warranty, Engine Emissions . . . . . . 123
Windchill/Temperature Charts . . . . . 21