Polaris 700 User's Manual

2003
Sportsman 600
Sportsman 700
Owner's Manual
for
Vehicle Maintenance and Safety
Read this manual carefully. It contains important safety information.
This is an adult vehicle only.
Operation is prohibited for those under 16 years of age.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
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1
All information in this manual is based on the latest product data and specifications
available at the time of printing. Polaris Industries Inc. reserves the right to make
product changes and improvements that may affect illustrations or explanations.
No part of this manual shall be reproduced or used without the written permission of
Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2002
Polaris Industries Inc.
All Rights Reserved
2
Printed in the U.S.A.
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our
world-wide family of Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting
line of utility and recreational products.
Polaris Recreational Vehicles
S
S
S
S
S
Snowmobiles
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
Personal watercraft
RANGER utility vehicles
Victory motorcycles
Polaris Professional Series Workmobilest
S Utility Task Vehiclest (UTVs)
S Personal Task Vehiclest (PTVs)
S All-Surface Loaders (ASLs)
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and
recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of
experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of
your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever
produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your
manual contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information
about major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and
should be performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer
(MSD) Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your
service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our Parts Apparel and Accessories (PAA)
products, available through our online store at www.purepolaris.com.
Have your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
Polaris, Polaris The Way Out, and Workmobiles are registered
trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
3
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
The frame vehicle identification number (VIN)(1) and engine serial
number (2) are important for model identification when registering
your vehicle, when obtaining insurance, and when ordering
replacement parts. In the event your vehicle is stolen, these numbers
are essential to the recovery and identification of your vehicle.
Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be
duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your
existing keys. If both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be
replaced. See your Polaris dealer.
NOTE: Record your vehicle’s ID numbers and key number (3) in the
spaces provided.
2
1
31XX
3
Frame VIN:
Vehicle Model Number:
Engine Serial Number:
Key Number:
Dealer Imprint:
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WELCOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
NOISE EMISSION CONTROL
SYSTEM REGULATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
POLARIS-RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . 117
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
5
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Warning decals have been placed on the ATV for your protection.
Read and follow the instructions on each decal carefully. If a decal
becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase
a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by Polaris at no
charge. The part number is printed on the decal.
WARNING
IF OWNER’S MANUAL IS MISSING, CONTACT
A POLARIS DEALER FOR A REPLACEMENT.
7079083
E1997, 2000
WARNING
DNever operate this vehicle on HILLS steeper than 25 degrees
WARNING
∠
25°.
To prevent flipover on hilly terrain, when going up or down, use
throttle and brakes gradually.
DREVERSE operation can be dangerous, even at low speeds.
Steering becomes difficult. To prevent flipover, avoid sudden braking
or sharp turns.
DUse OVERRIDE for reverse speed limiter with caution. To prevent loss
of control, never activate override button with open throttle.
DPARKING BRAKE may relax when used for more than 5 minutes.
When parking on grades, leave shift in forward.
7079085
6
Operating this vehicle if you are under
the age of 16 increases your chance
of severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this vehicle if you are
under age 16.
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR OVERLOADING can cause loss of
control resulting in SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH.
TIRE PRESSURE IN PSI (KPa): FRONT 5 (34,5) REAR 5 (34,5)
MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY (Gross Vehicle Weight)
INCLUDING MACHINE, DRIVER AND CARGO IS 1200 LBS. (545 kg).
Reduce speed and allow greater distance for braking when carrying
cargo. Overloading or carrying tall, off-center, or unsecured loads
will increase your risk of losing control. Loads should be centered,
carried as low as possible, and firmly secured to the racks. With
dual racks, load distribution 1/3 front 2/3 rear is best. For stability
on rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo. Do not block
headlight. Be careful if load extends over the side of the rack.
Read Owner’s Manual for more detailed loading information
7170732
7
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
DO NOT TOW FROM RACK OR BUMPER.
Vehicle damage or tipover may result causing severe
injury or death. Tow only from tow hooks or hitch.
Maximum Rack Loads: Front 90 lbs. Rear 200 Lbs
7170912
WARNING
Moving parts hazard under belt-clutch guard. To
prevent serious injury, do not operate vehicle with
guard removed.
Do not modify engine or clutch. Doing so can cause
part failure, possible imbalance, and excessive engine
RPM which can result in serious injury or death.
7078689
NO STEP
ATTENTION
S Operation of this vehicle without the air
filter element will severely damage the
engine.
S Clean pre-filter element often, more
frequent cleaning required in dusty
conditions. Do not operate vehicle
without pre-filter.
S Operation of this vehicle without engine
breather filter(s) can cause engine
damage. Consult owner’s manual or
dealer for details.
8
S Specific carburetor jetting and
adjustments are required depending
on temperature and altitude. See
your Owner’s Manual.
Factory setting:
40_ to 80_ F. at 0-3000 feet
(5_ to 27_ C. at 0-900 meters).
7079902
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
Pushing reverse
override button
may cause
sudden increases in power and traction if
too much
throttle is applied. Loss of
control or forward flipover
may result, especially in
AWD. See Owner’s Manual.
ALL WHEEL
DRIVE
SWITCH
Do not push switch to
engage AWD if the rear
wheels are spinning.
This may cause severe
drive shaft and clutch
damage.
See your Owner’s
Manual.
MANUFACTURED
BY: POLARIS IND INC.
DATE:
VIN:
THIS VEHICLE IS AN ALL TERRAIN VEHICLE AND IS NOT
INTENDED FOR USE ON PUBLIC ROADS.
CE VÉHICULE EST UN VÉHICULE TOUT TERRAIN
QUI NEST PAS DESTINE A ETRE UTILISE SUR LES
CHEMINS PUBLICS.
7079780
7079604
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
7078472
Canadian Certification Decal
TRAILER MAX WEIGHT:
1500 LBS. (682 KG) ON LEVEL GROUND
850 LBS. (386 KG) UP TO 15° GRADE
HITCH MAX. VERTICAL WEIGHT: 150 LBS. (68KG)
7170509
9
SAFETY
Safe Riding Gear
Always wear clothing suited to the type of riding. ATV riding requires
special protective clothing for comfort and to reduce the chance of
injury.
1. Helmet
Your helmet is the most important piece
of protective gear for safe riding. A
helmet can prevent a severe head injury.
Select an approved helmet that meets
or exceeds your state’s safety standards
and bears either the Department of
Transportation (DOT) label, the
American National Standards
Institute label (ANSI z90.1), or the
Snell Memorial Foundation label.
2. Eye Protection
Do not depend on sunglasses for
proper eye protection. A pair of
goggles or a helmet face shield offer
the best protection for your eyes. They
should be kept clean and be of
shatterproof design (bearing the
markings z2.1 or VESC 8).
1
2
3
5
4
3. Gloves
Off-road style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and
protection.
4. Boots
The best footwear is a pair of strong over-the-calf boots with heels, like
moto-cross boots.
5. Clothing
Always wear long sleeves and long pants to protect arms and legs.
Riding pants with kneepads and a jersey with shoulder pads provide
the best protection.
10
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Failure to follow the warnings contained in this manual can result
in severe injury or death.
A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. This
vehicle handles differently than other vehicles, such as
motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly,
even during routine maneuvers like turning, or driving on hills or
over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions.
Read and understand your owner’s manual and all warnings
before operating a Polaris ATV.
Age Restrictions
This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY. Operation is prohibited
for anyone under 16 years of age.
Know Your Vehicle
As the operator of the vehicle, you are responsible for your personal
safety, the safety of others, and the protection of our environment.
Read and understand your owner’s manual, which includes valuable
information about all aspects of your vehicle, including safe operating
procedures.
Safety Training
When you purchased your new ATV, your dealer offered a hands-on
safety training course that covers all aspects of vehicle safety. You
were also provided with printed materials that explain safe operating
procedures. You should review this information on a regular basis.
If you purchased a used Polaris ATV from a party other than a Polaris
dealer, you can request this free safety training from any authorized
Polaris dealer.
A Polaris ATV is an off-road vehicle. Familiarize yourself with all
laws and regulations concerning the operation of this vehicle in your
area.
We strongly advise you to strictly follow the recommended
maintenance program outlined in your owner’s manual. This
preventive maintenance program is designed to ensure that all critical
components on your vehicle are thoroughly inspected at specific
intervals.
11
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following two pages identify signal words and symbols that appear
in this manual. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols
are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the
manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts
you to the potential for personal injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may result
in serious injury or death.
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may result
in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the
vehicle.
NOTE:
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
12
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Serious injury or death can result if you do not follow these
instructions and procedures, which are outlined in further detail
within your owner’s manual.
S Read this manual and all labels carefully, and follow the operating
procedures described.
S Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training
course. Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor.
Contact an authorized Polaris ATV dealer or call Polaris at
1-800-342-3764 to find out about the training courses nearest you.
S Never allow anyone under 16 years of age to operate this ATV.
S Never permit a guest to operate the ATV unless the guest has read
this manual and all product labels and has completed a certified safety training course.
S Always avoid operating an ATV on paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, and streets.
S Never operate an ATV on a public street, road or highway, including
a dirt or gravel road.
S Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved helmet that fits
properly. Always wear eye protection (goggles or face shield),
gloves, boots, a long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
S Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an ATV.
S Never operate at excessive speeds. Travel at speeds appropriate for
the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
S Never attempt wheelies, jumps or other stunts.
S Always inspect your ATV before each use to make sure it’s in safe
operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance
procedures and schedules outlined in your owner’s manual.
S Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests of the ATV during operation.
S Always travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Be alert to changing terrain conditions.
S Never operate on excessively rough, slippery, or loose terrain.
S Always follow proper turning procedures as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster
speeds. Do not turn at excessive speeds.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
S Always have the ATV inspected by an authorized Polaris dealer if
it’s been involved in an accident.
S Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills.
S Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills. Check the terrain carefully before ascending a hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never
open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go
over the top of a hill at high speed.
S Always follow proper procedures for going downhill and for braking
on hills. Check the terrain carefully before you start down a hill.
Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle, which would cause the vehicle
to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill when possible.
S Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your
weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV
around on any hill until you’ve mastered (on level ground) the turning technique outlined in this manual. Avoid crossing the side of a
steep hill when possible.
S Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards while
climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, maintain a steady speed when
climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special
procedure for braking described in this manual. Always dismount
on the uphill side, or to either side if the ATV is pointed straight
uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount following the procedure
described in this manual.
S Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never
attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as rocks or fallen trees.
Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as
described in this manual.
S Always be careful of skidding or sliding. On slippery surfaces like
ice, travel slowly and use extra caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
S Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it’s
unavoidable, travel slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do
not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
14
SAFETY
Operator Safety
S Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test the brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them lightly several times to allow
friction to dry out the pads.
S Always check for obstacles or people behind the ATV before operating in reverse. When it’s safe to proceed in reverse, move slowly
and avoid turning at sharp angles.
S Always use the size and type of tires specified for your ATV, and
always maintain proper tire pressure.
S Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
S Never exceed the stated load capacity for your ATV. Cargo must be
properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow
the instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or towing. Allow a
greater distance for braking.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or call
Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
Equipment Modifications
We are concerned for the safety of our customers and for the general
public. Therefore, we strongly recommend that consumers do not
install on a Polaris ATV any equipment that may increase the speed or
power of the vehicle, or make any other modifications to the vehicle
for these purposes. Any modifications to the original equipment of the
vehicle create a substantial safety hazard and increase the risk of bodily
injury.
The warranty on your Polaris ATV is terminated if any equipment has
been added to the vehicle, or if any modifications have been made to
the vehicle, that increase its speed or power.
NOTE: The addition of certain accessories, including (but not limited
to) mowers, blades, tires, sprayers, or large racks, may change the
handling characteristics of the vehicle. Use only Polaris-approved
accessories, and familiarize yourself with their function and effect on
the vehicle.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator
does not know how to operate the ATV properly in different
situations and on different types of terrain.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the
certified training course offered by Polaris. Operators should
regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the
operating techniques described in the owner’s manual.
For more information about the training course, contact an
authorized ATV dealer or call Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury and/or death could occur if a child under the
minimum age recommendation operates an ATV.
Even though a child may be within the recommended age group
for operating some ATVs, he/she may not have the skills,
abilities, or judgment needed to operate an ATV safely and could
be susceptible to accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
No one under the age of 16 should operate a Polaris ATV.
16
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on an ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Carrying a passenger greatly reduces the operator’s ability to
balance and control the ATV, which could cause an accident
and injury to the operator and/or passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The purpose of the long seat is to
allow the operator to shift position as needed during operation.
It is not intended for carrying passengers.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating an ATV on paved surfaces, including sidewalks,
paths, parking lots, and driveways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATV tires are designed for off-road use. Operating on paved
surfaces may adversely affect the handling of the ATV and
could result in loss of control, accident, and/or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV on pavement. If it’s unavoidable,
travel slowly and avoid sudden turns or stops.
18
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on any public street, road or highway,
including dirt and gravel roads. In many states it’s illegal to
operate ATVs on public streets, roads and highways.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without wearing an approved helmet, eye
protection and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating an ATV without an approved helmet increases the
risk of a severe head injury or death in the event of an
accident.
Operating without eye protection could result in an accident
and could increase the chance of a severe injury in the event
of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved helmet that fits properly.
Always wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves,
boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
20
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Consumption of alcohol and/or drugs could seriously affect
operator judgment. Reaction time may be slower and operator
balance and perception could be affected.
Consuming alcohol and/or drugs before or while operating an
ATV could result in an accident causing severe injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an
ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV at excessive speeds.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Excessive speed increases the operator’s chance of losing
control of the ATV, which can result in an accident causing
severe injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate the ATV at a speed that’s proper for the terrain,
visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
21
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting wheelies, jumps and other stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Attempting stunts increases the chance of an accident, including
an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts. Avoid exhibition
driving.
22
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Poor maintenance increases the possibility of an accident or
equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV before each use to make sure it’s in
safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and
schedules described in the owner’s manual.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from the handlebars or feet from the
footrests during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce ability to
control the vehicle or could cause loss of balance and
ejection from the ATV.
If the operator’s foot is not firmly planted on the footrest, it
could come into contact with the rear wheels and lead to
accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet
on the footrests of the ATV during operation.
23
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra caution when operating the ATV on unfamiliar
terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Unfamiliar terrain may contain hidden rocks, bumps, or holes that
could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar
terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions.
24
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra caution when operating on excessively
rough, slippery or loose terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain could
cause loss of traction or loss of control, which could result in an
accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain
until you’ve learned and practiced the skills necessary to
control the ATV on such terrain.
Always use extra caution on rough, slippery or loose terrain.
25
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper turns could cause loss of control and lead to a collision
or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in the
owner’s manual.
Practice turning at slow speeds before attempting to turn at
faster speeds.
Never turn at excessive speed.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle may overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for your
abilities. Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25_.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills.
26
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper hill climbing could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described
in the owner’s manual.
Always check the terrain carefully before ascending any hill.
Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25_.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly while traveling uphill. The ATV
could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a
sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other
side of the hill.
27
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Traveling downhill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly descending a hill could cause loss of control or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for traveling down hills as
described in the owner’s manual. NOTE: A special technique
is required when braking while traveling downhill. See page 62.
Always check the terrain carefully before descending a hill.
Shift your weight backward.
Never travel down a hill at high speed.
Avoid traveling down a hill at an angle, which would cause the
vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill
when possible.
28
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills and turning on hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly crossing or turning as hills could cause loss of control
or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you’ve
mastered the turning technique (on level ground) as described in
the owner’s manual. See page 63. Use extra caution when
turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the owner’s
manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
29
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards or
improperly dismounting while
climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Maintain steady speed when
climbing a hill.
If all forward speed is lost:
Keep your weight uphill.
Apply the brakes.
Lock the parking brake when fully stopped.
If the ATV begins rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
Never apply engine power.
Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards.
Apply the single-lever brake gradually.
When fully stopped, apply the rear brake as well, and then lock
the parking brake.
Dismount on uphill side, or to either side if ATV is pointed
straight uphill.
Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure
described in the owner’s manual. See page 63.
30
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating over obstacles could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles.
Avoid operating over large obstacles such as rocks and fallen
trees when possible. If unavoidable, use extreme caution and
always follow proper procedures as outlined in the owner’s
manual.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Skidding or sliding can cause loss of control.
If the tires regain traction unexpectedly, the ATV could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
On slippery surfaces such as ice, travel slowly and use extra
caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
31
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control,
which could lead to an accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water.
If it’s unavoidable to enter water that exceeds the
recommended maximum depth (see page 64), travel slowly,
balance your weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and
maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do not make
sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Always test
the brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them
several times to let friction dry out the pads.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide with an obstacle or person, resulting in
severe injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before shifting into reverse gear, always check for obstacles or
people behind the ATV. When it’s safe to proceed, back
slowly.
32
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven
tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires, or operation of the ATV with improper or
uneven tire pressure, could cause loss of control or accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type of tires specified for the ATV in the
owner’s manual.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in the owner’s
manual and on safety decals.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or modification of the ATV
may cause changes in handling, which could lead to an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify the ATV through improper installation or use of
accessories. All parts and accessories added to the vehicle
must be genuine Polaris Industries Inc. or equivalent
components designed for use on this ATV and should be
installed and used according to approved instructions. See
your authorized Polaris ATV dealer for more information.
33
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading the ATV or carrying/towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Overloading and towing can cause changes in vehicle handling,
which could lead to loss of control or an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow a
greater distance for braking.
Always follow the instructions in the owner’s manual for carrying
cargo or pulling a trailer.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on frozen bodies of water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury or death can result if the ATV and/or the operator
fall through the ice.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water. If you’re
confident that the ice is thick enough and sound enough to
support the machine and its operator, as well as the force
created by a moving vehicle, exercise extreme caution.
34
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Operating a damaged ATV can result in an accident with serious
injury or death. After any overturn or accident, have a qualified
service dealer inspect the entire machine for possible damage,
including (but not limited to) brakes, throttle and steering
systems.
WARNING
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement
and physical skills. Persons with cognitive or physical disabilities
who operate this vehicle have an increased risk of overturn and
loss of control, which could result in severe injury or death.
CAUTION
Exposure to the hot components could result in a fire. Always
keep combustible materials away from the exhaust system.
35
CONTROLS
Engine Electrical Switches
WARNING
Activating the override switch while the throttle is open can cause
loss of control, resulting in severe injury or death. Do not activate
the override switch while the throttle is open.
2
1
3
Override Switch (1) (Reverse Speed Limiter) - This vehicle is
equipped with a reverse speed limiter system. To gain additional power
while backing, depress the override switch. NOTE: The override
switch also allows activation of Demand 4 Drive (All Wheel Drive) in
reverse, if the AWD switch is on.
Engine Stop Switch (2) - The engine will
OFF
RUN OFF
not start or run when the switch is in the off
position. Its purpose is to provide the
operator with a quick means of engine
shutdown in case of an emergency.
2
Main Switch (3) - To start the engine, slide
the stop switch to the center run position and turn the main key switch
clockwise past the on position. Release the key when the engine starts.
NOTE: Both the main switch and the
emergency engine stop switch will shut off all electrical power to the
vehicle, including lights. To stop the engine, slide the stop switch
either right or left to the off position.
36
CONTROLS
WARNING
Operating an ATV with sticking or improperly operating throttle
controls could cause an accident and lead to severe injury or
death.
Never start or operate an ATV with a sticking or improperly
operating throttle. Always contact your dealer for service if throttle
problems arise.
Failure to check or maintain proper operation of the throttle
system can result in an accident if the throttle lever sticks during
operation. Always check the lever for free movement and return
before starting the engine. Also check occasionally during
operation.
Throttle Lever
Engine speed and vehicle
movement are controlled by
pressing the throttle lever (1).
The throttle lever is spring
loaded. Engine speed returns
to idle when the lever is
1
released.
This ATV is equipped with Polaris Electronic Throttle Control (ETC),
which is designed to reduce the risk of a frozen or stuck throttle. If the
throttle cable should stick in an open position when the operator
releases the throttle lever, the engine will stop, and power to the rear
wheels will cease.
WARNING
The Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) stops the engine in the
event of a throttle system malfunction and is provided for your
safety. Do not attempt to modify the ETC system or replace it
with any after market throttle mechanisms.
37
CONTROLS
Light Switches
The light switch is located on the left handlebar. It’s used to turn the
lights on and off and to switch the lights from HI to LO. NOTE: The
lights won’t work unless the key is in the on position and the shut-off
switch is in the run position.
WARNING
Operating the ATV on streets or roads, especially in darkness, could
result in an accident and serious injury or death.
Your ATV is not equipped with highway-approved lights. It’s
designed for and must be used for off-road use only. Use caution
and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of reduced visibility such
as fog, rain and darkness.
Brake Lever
1
The front and rear brakes are applied
by squeezing the brake lever (1)
toward the handlebar. The front and
rear brakes are hydraulically
activated disc type brakes that are
activated by only one lever.
Always test brake lever travel and
master cylinder fluid level before riding.
When squeezed, the lever should feel firm. Any sponginess would
indicate a possible fluid leak or low master cylinder fluid level, which
must be corrected before riding. Contact your dealer for proper
diagnosis and repairs.
WARNING
Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in
loss of braking, which could cause an accident.
Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
38
CONTROLS
Master Cylinder
1
The brake fluid in the master
2
cylinder (1), which is located on the
left handlebar, should be checked
before each ride. The fluid level
can be seen through an indicator
window (2) on the top of the master
cylinder. This eye will appear dark
when the fluid level is full. When
fluid needs to be added, the eye will be clear.
NOTE: When checking the fluid level, the ATV must be on level
ground with the handlebars straight. If the fluid level is low add DOT 3
brake fluid only. See page 117 for the part numbers of
Polaris-recommended products.
WARNING
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any
unused portion. Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake
fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from
the air. The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the
brake fluid to drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the
possibility of accident or severe injury.
39
CONTROLS
Parking Brake
WARNING
Operating the ATV while the parking brake is engaged could
result in an accident and serious injury or death.
Always check to be sure the parking brake is disengaged
before operating.
Setting the Parking Brake
1
1. Squeeze and release the brake
lever (1) two or three times, then
squeeze and hold.
2. Push the park brake lock (2)
forward to engage the brake.
Release the brake lever.
3. To release the parking brake
lock, squeeze and release the brake
lever. It will return to its unlocked position.
2
Important Safeguards
S The parking brake may relax if left on for a long period of time. Always block the wheels to prevent rolling.
S Always block the wheels on the downhill side of the ATV if leaving
it parked on a hill. Another option is to park the ATV in a sidehill
position.
S Never depend on the parking brake alone if the ATV is parked on a
hill. Always block the wheels to prevent rolling.
40
CONTROLS
Auxiliary Brake
WARNING
Aggressively applying the auxiliary brake when backing down a hill
may cause rear tipover, which could result in serious injury or
death.
Use caution when applying the auxiliary brake. Do not
aggressively apply the auxiliary brake when going forward. The
rear wheels may skid and slide sideways, causing loss of control
and serious injury or death.
Your Polaris ATV has an
auxiliary brake (1) for added
safety. It’s located on the
inside of the right floor board
and is operated by the right
foot. The auxiliary brake
serves as a backup to the main
1
brake system if the main
system becomes inoperative.
If the rear wheels slide while
using the auxiliary brake,
reduce brake pedal pressure to brake the rear wheels without skidding.
Brake Fluid Level
Check the brake fluid level frequently for the auxiliary brake system.
The reservoir is located under the seat or near the auxiliary brake.
Maintain the fluid level between the maximum and minimum marks.
41
CONTROLS
Choke
The choke assists in starting a cold engine. Refer to the engine starting
procedure on page 53 for correct choke and throttle settings during
starting.
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve (1) is located on the left side
panel. It has three positions:
OFF: For vehicle storage and when transporting.
ON: For normal operation.
RES: For reserve supply if main supply is
exhausted.
NOTE: There’s about a 7 to 10 mile
(11.2 to 16 km) range on reserve gas.
Always refill the gas tank as soon as
possible after using the main supply.
Always return the valve to the on position
after refueling.
RES
OFF
ON
1
2
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank filler cap (2) is located directly
below the handlebar. Use either leaded or
unleaded gasoline with a minimum pump octane number of 87=(R+
M/2) octane.
Fuel Filter
The in-line fuel filter should be replaced by your dealer after every 100
hours of operation, or annually. Do not attempt to clean the fuel filter.
42
CONTROLS
Automatic Transmission Gear Selector
The transmission gear selector is located on the right
side of the vehicle directly above and forward of the
engine. It has five positions: high (H), low (L),
neutral (N), reverse (R) and park (P).
To shift into high or park, you must first depress the
auxiliary brake to activate the high/park lock-out
mechanism.
When shifting out of high or park, it’s not necessary
to depress the brake.
H
L
N
R
P
CAUTION
Shifting gears with the engine speed above idle or while the
vehicle is moving could cause transmission damage.
To change gears, stop the vehicle, and with the engine idling,
move the lever to the desired gear. Depress the auxiliary brake if
shifting into high or park.
Whenever the ATV is left unattended, always place the transmission in
park and lock the parking brake.
Maintaining shift linkage adjustment is important to assure proper
transmission function. See your dealer if you experience any shifting
problems.
Belt Life
To extend belt life, use low forward gear in heavy pulling situations and
when operating at less than seven miles per hour for extended periods of
time.
43
FEATURES
All Wheel Drive (AWD) System
Polaris 4-wheel drive ATVs are
equipped with a unique,
Polaris-exclusive, Demand 4 Drive
(AWD) system activated by a switch
(1) on the right handlebar. When
the switch is off, the ATV is in 2
wheel drive at all times. When the
1
switch is on, the ATV is in Demand
2
4 Drive and the AWD indicator light
(2) will be on.
When in AWD, the front gearcase will automatically engage any time
the rear wheels lose traction. When the rear wheels regain traction, the
front gearcase will automatically disengage.
NOTE: The override switch allows activation of AWD in reverse if
the Demand 4 Drive switch is on. See page 36.
There is no limit to the length of time the vehicle may remain in
Demand 4 Drive.
Engaging Front Gearcase
The Demand 4 Drive switch may be turned on or off while the vehicle
is moving. Initially, the vehicle’s electronic system will not enable the
AWD until the engine RPM is below 3100. Once enabled, the AWD
remains enabled until the Demand 4 Drive switch is turned off. If the
switch is turned off while the front gearcase is moving, it will not
disengage until the rear wheels regain traction.
Engage the Demand 4 Drive switch before getting into conditions
where front wheel drive may be needed. If the rear wheels are
spinning, release the throttle before switching to AWD.
CAUTION
Switching to AWD while the rear wheels are spinning may cause
severe drive shaft and gearcase damage.
Always switch to AWD while the rear wheels have traction or are
at rest.
44
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Your ATV is equipped with an instrument cluster that senses vehicle
speed from the right front wheel. The instrument cluster measures
distance in miles as well as hours of operation. It also includes a
reverse speed limiter function that limits the ATV’s speed to
approximately 7-9 mph. Refer to page 36 for additional information.
3
2
1
1. Rider Information Center
2. Speedometer needle - in addition to depicting vehicle speed, this
needle will flash to signal a fault condition.
3. Speedometer
CAUTION
Washing the ATV with a high pressure washer may cause water to
enter the instrument cluster and cause damage to the electronic
components. Wash the ATV by hand or with a garden hose using
mild soap. Do not use alcohol to clean the instrument cluster.
Immediately clean off any gasoline that splashes on the instrument
cluster.
45
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
The rider information center is located in the lower portion of the
instrument cluster.
1. Gear Indicator - As the
3
2
4
shift lever is moved, this
will indicate the gear the
machine is in:
H = High Range
L = Low Range
N = Neutral
R = Reverse
P = Park
E or blank = Error - The
5
1
error message usually means
the gear selector is in between
gears. It can, however, also
indicate that the transmission
switch needs repair.
2. High Engine Coolant Temperature - Do not continue to operate the
ATV is this warning appears or serious engine damage could result.
3. Hour Meter
4. Service Interval/Miscellaneous Service Warnings
5. Low Battery and Over Voltage - This warning usually indicates
that the ATV is being operated at an RPM too low to keep the
battery charged. A low battery warning may also occur under normal
operation if the machine is at idle and high electrical load (lights,
cooling fan, accessories) is applied. Driving at a higher RPM or
connecting a battery charger will usually clear the warning.
NOTE: If the instrument cluster no longer illuminates, it’s possible
that a battery over voltage occurred and the instrument cluster has shut
off to protect the electrical system. If this occurs take the ATV to your
Polaris dealer for proper diagnosis.
NOTE: All segments of the rider information center will light up for
2.5 seconds at start-up.
46
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
The rider information center has 4 standard modes:
Mode 1 - Odometer
Mode 2 - Tripmeter
Mode 3 - Total Service Hours
Mode 4 - Programmable service interval
The reverse override button on the left handlebar is also the mode
button. NOTE: If using the mode button to program the rider
information center, or to toggle through the options, the machine
cannot be in reverse.
Mode 1 - Odometer
The odometer records the miles traveled by the ATV.
Mode 2 -Trip Meter
The trip meter records the miles traveled by the ATV on each trip if it’s
reset before each trip. To reset the trip meter, select the trip meter
mode. Press and hold the mode button (override button) until the total
changes to 0 . NOTE: In the Rider Information Center, the trip meter
display contains a decimal point, but the odometer displays without a
decimal point.
Mode 3 - Hour Meter
This mode logs the total hours the engine has been in operation.
47
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Mode 4 - Programmable Service Interval
The purpose of the programmable service interval is to provide the
consumer and dealer with a convenient reminder for routine
maintenance. When your vehicle leaves the factory, this feature is
turned off. You must enable the programmable service interval before
it can be used.
Once the service interval mode is set with the hours when service is
due, the hours of actual engine operation are subtracted from the set
hours until 0 is reached. When the counter reaches 0, the wrench icon
will flash quickly for 5 seconds each time the vehicle is started as a
reminder that the periodic maintenance is due.
To set the hours, press and hold the mode/override button until the
wrench icon flashes. When it begins to flash, release the button. The
setting will increase by one hour each time the button is pressed.
Pressing and holding the button will allow the numbers to escalate
much faster. When the desired time increment is displayed, release the
button and wait for the wrench to stop flashing. When the wrench
stops blinking, your service hours are set. NOTE: If you scroll past
the intended number, hold the button down until the count turns over to
0. You can then reset the number.
If the service interval is enabled on your ATV and you wish to turn it
off, toggle to the service interval mode. Press and hold the mode
button for approximately 7 seconds until the word OFF appears in the
Rider Information Center.
48
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Diagnostic Mode
The diagnostic mode is for informational purposes only. Please return
your ATV to your dealer for all major repairs.
To enter the diagnostics mode:
1. Turn the key switch off and wait 20 seconds.
2. Set the park brake and shift the transmission to neutral.
3. Hold the mode/reverse override button and turn the key switch on.
The initial screen displayed looks
similar to the top illustration and
refers to the software version
installed in your ATV. This
information is displayed briefly.
Use the mode/reverse override
button to toggle through the
1
diagnostic screens. The first
screen (1) displays battery
voltage.
Screen two (2) is the tachometer
for setting idle speed. If this
needs adjustment, please contact
your dealer.
2
As long as the center is in the
diagnostic mode, the wrench icon
will remain lit.
To leave the diagnostic mode,
either shift the machine out of
neutral or turn the key switch off
and on. NOTE: Any movement
of the tires will also take the machine out of the diagnostic mode.
49
OPERATION
Fuel Safety
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain
conditions.
S Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
S Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a
well ventilated area.
S Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the
S
S
S
S
area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it
off with soap and water and change clothing.
Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine
exhaust fumes are poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or death in a short time.
Turn the fuel valve off whenever the ATV is stored or parked.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Operate this vehicle only outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.
50
OPERATION
Break-In Period
The break-in period for your new Polaris ATV is defined as the first ten
hours of operation, or the time it takes to use the first two full tanks of
gasoline. No single action on your part is as important as following
the procedures for a proper break-in. Careful treatment of a new
engine will result in more efficient performance and longer life for the
engine. Perform the following procedures carefully.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation will
damage close-fitted engine parts. Do not operate at full throttle or
high speeds for extended periods during the first three hours of
use.
Use of any lubricants other than those recommended by Polaris
may cause serious engine damage. We recommend the use of
Polaris lubricants for your vehicle.
1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 42.
2. Check the oil reservoir level on the dipstick. See page 79. Add
oil if necessary to maintain the level between the safe and add
marks.
3. Drive slowly at first. Select an open area that allows room to
familiarize yourself with vehicle operation and handling.
4. Vary the throttle positions. Do not operate at sustained idle.
5. Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls and areas outlined
on the daily pre-ride inspection checklist. See page 52.
6. Pull only light loads.
7. During the break-in period, change both the oil and the filter at 20
hours or 200 miles.
51
OPERATION
Pre-Ride Inspection
WARNING
If a proper inspection is not done before each use, severe injury or
death could result. Always inspect the vehicle before each use to
ensure it’s in proper operating condition.
Use the following checklist to verify that your vehicle is in proper
working condition before each use.
Item/Inspection Procedure
1. Tires - Check condition and pressures.
2. Fuel tank and engine oil level - Fill both to their proper levels.
3. All brakes - Check operation, adjustment and fluid levels (includes
auxiliary brake).
4. Throttle - Check for free operation and closing.
5. Headlight/Taillight/Brakelight - Check operation of all indicator
lights and switches.
6. Engine stop switch - Check for proper function.
7. Wheels - Check for tightness of wheel nuts and axle nuts; check
that axle nuts are secured by cotter pins.
8. Air cleaner element - Check for dirt; clean or replace.
9. Steering - Check for free operation, noting any unusual looseness
in any area.
10. Loose parts - Visually inspect the vehicle for any damaged
components or loose nuts/bolts or fasteners.
11. Riding gear - Wear a helmet, goggles and protective clothing.
12. Engine coolant - Check for proper level at the recovery bottle.
52
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
Starting a Cold Engine
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide and can
cause loss of consciousness resulting in severe injury or death.
Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
1. Place the transmission in neutral
and lock the parking brake.
2. Turn the fuel tank valve on.
3. Sit on the vehicle and pull the
choke knob out until it stops (1).
NOTE: The variable choke is fully
1
on when the knob is pulled
completely out. The choke is off
when the knob is pushed completely in. The choke can be adjusted
gradually, depending on how much choke is needed for starting. Be
sure the choke is off during operation, as excess fuel washing into the
engine oil will increase wear on engine components.
4. Turn the engine stop switch to run.
NOTE: Do not press the throttle while starting the engine.
5. Turn the ignition key past the on position to engage the starter.
Activate the starter for a maximum of five seconds, releasing the
key when the vehicle starts. If the engine does not start, release the
starter and wait five seconds. Activate the starter for another five
seconds if necessary. Repeat this procedure until the engine starts.
6. If the engine slows or stops, position the choke knob half way in to
allow proper engine warm-up.
7. Vary the engine RPM slightly with the throttle to aid in warm-up.
When the engine idles smoothly, push the choke completely in.
CAUTION
Operating the vehicle immediately after starting could cause engine
damage. Allow the engine to warm up for several minutes before
operating the vehicle.
53
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
Starting a Warm Engine
Warm engines do not normally require the use of the choke. Using the
choke can cause the spark plug to become wet fouled.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the transmission in
neutral.
2. Lock the parking brake, turn the fuel tank valve on, sit on the
vehicle, and turn the engine stop switch to run.
3. If the engine has cooled to a point where it does not readily start,
intermittent use of the choke button (pulled half way out) may be
necessary.
4. If the engine is over-choked when warm, depress the throttle lever
fully while cranking to aid in starting.
5. Release the throttle lever immediately after the engine starts. If the
engine does not start and all conditions are favorable, change the
spark plug and try again.
Cold Weather Operation
If the ATV is used year-round, check the oil level frequently. A rising
oil level could indicate the accumulation of contaminates such as water
or excess fuel in the bottom of the oil tank. Water in the bottom of the
tank can lead to engine damage and must be drained. Water
accumulation increases as outside temperature decreases.
See your Polaris dealer for engine heater kits, which provide quicker
warm-ups and easier starting in colder weather.
54
OPERATION
Hauling Cargo
2/3
1/3
Your ATV has been designed to carry or tow a certain amount of load.
Always read and understand the load distribution warning labels on the
vehicle, and never exceed the weight capacities specified in your
owner’s manual and on safety decals.
Cargo weight should be evenly distributed (1/3 on the front rack and
2/3 on the rear rack) and mounted as low as possible. When operating
over rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo weight to maintain
stable driving conditions. Do not obstruct the headlight beam with
cargo.
Maximum Towing Capacities
Maximum trailer weight - 1500 (680 kg) on level ground only, with a
maximum vertical hitch weight of 150 lbs. (68.04 kg). NOTE: The
rear rack capacity and tongue weight should not exceed 200 lbs.
Maximum grade while trailer towing - 15°. Do not tow any trailer on a
grade steeper than 15° (850 lbs. on grades up to 15° ).
Belt Life
Use low forward gear when hauling or towing heavy cargo to extend
belt life.
55
OPERATION
Hauling Cargo
WARNING
Hauling cargo improperly can alter vehicle handling and may cause
loss of control or brake instability and result in serious injury or
death. Always follow these precautions when hauling cargo:
S REDUCE SPEED AND ALLOW GREATER DISTANCES FOR
BRAKING WHEN HAULING CARGO.
S CARGO WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION should be 1/3 on the front
rack and 2/3 on the rear rack. When operating over rough or hilly
terrain, reduce speed and cargo to maintain stable driving conditions. Carrying loads on one rack only increases the possibility of
vehicle overturn.
S CARRY LOADS AS LOW ON THE RACKS AS POSSIBLE. Carrying loads high on the racks raises the center of gravity of the
vehicle and creates a less stable operating condition.
S SECURE ALL LOADS BEFORE OPERATING. Unsecured loads
can create unstable operating conditions, which could result in
loss of control of the vehicle.
S OPERATE ONLY WITH STABLE AND SAFELY ARRANGED
LOADS. When handling off-centered loads that cannot be centered, securely fasten the load and operate with extra caution.
Always attach the tow load to the hitch point designated for your
vehicle.
S HEAVY LOADS CAN CAUSE BRAKING AND CONTROL PROBLEMS. Use extreme caution when applying brakes with a loaded
vehicle. Avoid terrain or situations that may require backing
downhill.
S USE EXTREME CAUTION when operating with loads that extend
over the rack sides. Stability and maneuverability may be adversely affected, causing the vehicle to overturn.
S DO NOT BLOCK THE FRONT HEADLIGHT BEAM when carrying loads on the front rack.
S DO NOT TRAVEL FASTER THAN THE RECOMMENDED
SPEEDS. Vehicle should never exceed 10 mph (16 kph) while
towing a load on a level grass surface. Vehicle speed should
never exceed 5 mph (8 kph) when towing loads in rough terrain,
while cornering, or while ascending or descending a hill.
56
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Procedures
1. Sit upright with both feet on the footrests and both hands on the
handlebars.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up, then shift the
transmission into gear.
3. Check your surroundings and determine your path of travel.
4. Release the parking brake.
5. Slowly depress the throttle with your right thumb and begin
driving. Vehicle speed is controlled by the amount of throttle
opening.
6. Drive slowly. Practice maneuvering and using the throttle and
brakes on level surfaces.
57
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Making Turns
Your ATV is equipped with a solid rear axle, which drives both rear
wheels equally at all times. This means that the wheel on the outside
of the turn must travel a greater distance than the inside wheel when
turning and the inside tire must slip traction slightly. To turn, steer in
the direction of the turn, leaning your upper body to the inside of the
turn while supporting your weight on the outer footrest. This
technique alters the balance of traction between the rear wheels,
allowing the turn to be made smoothly. The same leaning technique
should be used for turning in reverse.
NOTE: Practice making turns at slow speeds before attempting to turn
at faster speeds.
WARNING
Turning at sharp angles or at excessive speeds can result in vehicle
overturn and lead to serious injury. Avoid turning at sharp angles.
Never turn at high speeds.
58
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
Whenever riding on slippery surfaces such as wet trails or loose gravel,
or during freezing weather, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down when entering slippery areas.
2. Maintain a high level of alertness, reading the trail and avoiding
quick, sharp turns, which can cause skids.
3. Correct a skid by turning the handlebars in the direction of the skid
and shifting your body weight forward.
4. Driving with All Wheel Drive engaged can assist in controlling the
vehicle in slippery areas.
CAUTION
Severe damage to drive train may occur if the AWD is engaged
while the wheels are spinning. Always allow the rear wheels to
stop spinning before engaging the AWD.
WARNING
Failure to exercise care when operating on slippery surfaces can
result in loss of tire traction and cause loss of control, accident,
and serious injury or death.
Never apply the brakes during a skid.
Do not operate on excessively slippery surfaces.
Always reduce speed and use additional caution.
59
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Traveling Uphill
25_ Maximum
Whenever traveling uphill, follow these precautions:
1. Always travel straight uphill.
2. Avoid steep hills (25_ maximum).
3. Keep both feet on the footrests.
4. Transfer your weight forward.
5. Proceed at a steady rate of speed and throttle opening.
6. Remain alert and be prepared to take emergency action. This may
include quick dismounting of the vehicle.
WARNING
Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly
terrain. Improper procedure could cause loss of control or
overturn and result in serious injury or death.
Avoid climbing steep hills (25_ maximum).
Use extreme caution when operating on hills, and follow proper
operating procedures outlined in the owner’s manual.
60
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Sidehilling
WARNING
Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills can result in loss of
control or vehicle overturn, resulting in severe injury or death. Avoid
crossing the side of a hill when possible. Follow proper procedures
as outlined in the owner’s manual.
Sidehilling can be a dangerous type of driving and should be avoided if
at all possible. If you do enter into a situation where sidehilling is
necessary, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down.
2. Lean into the hill, transferring your upper body weight toward the
hill while keeping your feet on the footrests.
3. Steer slightly into the hill to maintain vehicle directions.
NOTE: If the vehicle begins to tip, quickly turn the front wheel
downhill, if possible, or dismount on the uphill side immediately!
61
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Traveling Downhill
Whenever descending a hill, follow these precautions:
1. Proceed directly downhill.
2. Transfer your weight to the rear of the vehicle.
3. Slow down.
4. Apply the brakes slightly to aid in slowing.
Familiarize yourself with operation of the auxiliary brake in the event
loss of normal service brakes occurs.
WARNING
Excessive speed can cause loss of control and lead to serious
injury or death. Always operate slowly when traveling downhill.
62
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Turning Around on a Hill
WARNING
Improper hill climbing procedures could cause loss of control or
overturn and result in serious injury or death.
Avoid climbing steep hills (25_ maximum).
Use extreme caution when operating on hills, and follow proper
operating procedures outlined in the owner’s manual.
If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill!
One maneuver that can be used when it’s necessary to turn around
while climbing a hill is the K-turn:
1. Stop and lock the parking brake while keeping body weight uphill.
2. Leave the transmission in forward and shut off the engine.
3. Dismount on the uphill side of the vehicle, or on the left if the
vehicle is pointing straight uphill.
4. Staying uphill of the vehicle, turn the handlebars full left.
5. While holding the service brake, release the parking brake lock and
slowly allow the vehicle to roll around to your right until it’s
pointing across the hill or slightly downward.
6. Lock the parking brake and remount the vehicle from the uphill
side, keeping body weight uphill.
7. Restart the engine with the transmission still in forward.
8. Release the parking brake and proceed slowly, controlling speed
with the service brake, until the vehicle is on more level ground.
8’
Uphill
63
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Through Water
Your ATV can operate through water
with a maximum recommended
depth equal to the bottom of
the footrests (1). Follow
these procedures when
operating through
water:
1. Determine water
depths and current
before crossing.
2. Choose a crossing
1
where both banks have gradual inclines.
3. Proceed slowly, avoiding rocks and obstacles if possible.
4. After crossing, dry the brakes by applying light pressure to the
lever until braking action is normal.
After running the vehicle in water, it’s critical to have it serviced as
outlined in the maintenance chart. See page 69. The following areas
need special attention: engine oil, transmission oil, front and rear
gearcases, and all grease fittings.
CAUTION
Major engine damage can result if the vehicle is not thoroughly
inspected after operation in water. Perform the services outlined in
the maintenance chart.
If your vehicle becomes immersed or is operated in water that
exceeds the footrest level, take it to your dealer for service before
starting the engine.
NOTE: Avoid operating the vehicle through deep or fast-flowing
water. If you cannot avoid water that exceeds the recommended
maximum depth, go slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid
sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward motion.
Do not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
If your vehicle becomes immersed, and it’s impossible to take it to a
dealer before starting it, follow the steps described on page 102. Have
the vehicle serviced by your dealer at the first opportunity.
64
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Over Obstacles
Be alert! Look ahead and learn to read the terrain you’re traveling on.
Be constantly alert for hazards such as logs, rocks and low hanging
branches.
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result if your vehicle comes in contact
with a hidden obstacle. Not all obstacles are immediately visible.
Travel with caution in unfamiliar terrain.
65
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving in Reverse
Follow these precautions when operating in reverse:
1. Always avoid backing
downhill.
2. Back slowly.
3. When in reverse,
apply the brakes
lightly for stopping.
4. Avoid turning at sharp
angles in reverse.
5. Never open the throttle
suddenly while backing.
WARNING
Failure to use caution when operating in reverse can result in
serious injury or death. Before shifting into reverse, always check
for obstacles or people behind the vehicle. When it’s safe to
proceed, back slowly.
Do not use the override switch unless additional power is required
for vehicle movement. Use with caution.
Avoid backing on inclines, and avoid turning at sharp angles.
NOTE: Most Polaris ATVs are equipped with a reverse speed limiter.
The override button should be used with caution as rearward vehicle
speed is greatly increased. Do not operate at wide open throttle. Open
the throttle just enough to maintain a desired speed.
CAUTION
Excessive throttle operation while in the speed limit mode may
cause fuel to build in the exhaust, resulting in engine popping
and/or engine damage.
66
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Parking on an Incline
Avoid parking on an incline if possible. If it’s unavoidable, follow
these precautions:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Place the transmission in park.
3. Set the parking brake.
4. Always block the rear wheels on the downhill side. See
illustration.
5. Shut off the fuel supply.
67
NOISE EMISSION CONTROL
SYSTEM REGULATION
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED!
U.S. Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof:
(1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for
purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or
element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use or
(2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has
been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE
ACTS LISTED BELOW INCLUDE BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO
THE FOLLOWING:
1. Removal or alteration or the puncturing of the muffler or any
engine component which conducts removal of engine exhaust
gases.
2. Removal or alteration or the puncturing of any part of the engine
air induction system.
3. Replacement of any vehicle parts with parts not in compliance with
federal regulations.
4. Lack of proper maintenance.
CAUTION
Exhaust system components are very hot during and after use of
the vehicle. Hot components can cause serious burns and can
cause a fire to ignite.
Do not touch hot exhaust system components.
Use caution when traveling through tall grass, especially dry
grass.
USFS Approved Spark Arrestor
Your Polaris ATV has a muffler that was tested and approved in
accordance with the USFS Forest Service Standard 5100-1A.
68
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Accessories
Auxiliary power outlets provide 12V power for operating accessories
such as hand held spot lights. Accessory outlets are available for all
models. Contact your Polaris dealer for more information.
Polaris has a wide range of additional accessories available for your
ATV. See your Polaris dealer.
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Careful periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle in the safest,
most reliable condition. Inspection, adjustment and lubrication of
important components are explained in the periodic maintenance
schedule. Use the speedometer’s programmable service interval mode
to help determine when maintenance service is due. See page 48 for
instructions.
Maintenance intervals are based upon average riding conditions and an
average vehicle speed of approximately 10 miles per hour. Vehicles
subjected to severe use, such as operation in wet or dusty areas, should
be inspected and serviced more frequently.
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris
parts available from your Polaris dealer.
NOTE: Service and adjustments are critical. If you’re not familiar
with safe service and adjustment procedures, have a qualified dealer
perform these operations.
Maintenance Chart Key
" Perform these operations more often under severe use, such as in
dirty or wet conditions, to purge water or dirt contamination from
grease fittings and other critical components.
L Emission Control System Service (California - 4-Cycle)
J Dealer service item.
69
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Hours of operation are based on a 10 mph average. If service is due at
20 hours, the equivalent odometer reading would be 200 miles.
Perform all services at whichever reading is reached first.
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result
in component failure and lead to serious injury or death. Have an
authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
Item
Hours/
Miles
Brake System
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect
Auxiliary Brake
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect
Tires
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect
Wheels
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect
Frame nuts, bolts,
fasteners
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Inspect; clean
Coolant level
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Replace coolant every two
years
Fuel tank and
engine oil
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Fill to proper levels
Throttle
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check operation
Lights
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check operation
Engine stop switch
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check operation
Steering
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check for free operation
" Air filter,
L Pre-cleaner
70
Frequency Remarks
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Item
" Air box sediment
Hours/
Miles
Frequency Remarks
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Drain deposits whenever
visible
Headlamp
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check operation daily; apply Polaris dielectric grease
to connector when replaced
Tail lamp/brake
lamp
Pre-Ride Pre-Ride
Check operation daily; apply Polaris dielectric grease
to socket when replaced
" Air filter,
Weekly
Weekly
Inspect; replace as needed
" Transmission oil
20 hrs
Monthly
Inspect monthly; change
annually
20 hrs
Monthly
Check terminals; clean;
check fluid level
" Engine breather
20 hrs
Monthly
Inspect; replace annually
and as needed
J Brake pad wear
10 hrs
Monthly
Inspect periodically
" Front and rear
100 hrs
Monthly
Check monthly; change
annually
" General lubrication
50 hrs
3 months
Lubricate all fittings, pivots,
cables, etc.
" Engine oil level/oil
100 hrs / 6 months
1000
miles
Check level daily; break-in
service at one month;
change oil more often in
cold weather
" Oil Filter
100 hrs./ 6 months
1000 mi.
Replace with oil change
100 hrs.
Inspect
tube
L main element
level
Battery
L filter
gearcase oil
L change
L
L Engine breather
hose
6 months
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
71
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result
in component failure and lead to serious injury or death. Have an
authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
Item
Hours/
Miles
Frequency Remarks
Carburetor float
bowl
50 hrs.
6 months
Drain bowl periodically and
prior to storage
J Throttle Cable/ETC
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; adjust; lubricate;
replace if necessary
L Choke (enricher)
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; adjust; lubricate;
replace if necessary
100 hrs.
6 months
Inspect strength seasonally; pressure test system
annually
J Drive belt
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; replace as needed
" Steering
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect daily; lubricate
" Front suspension
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; lubricate; tighten
fasteners
" Rear suspension
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; tighten fasteners
" Drive chain(s)
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect daily; adjust and lubricate if needed
L Spark plug
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect; replace as needed
Switch
cable
Coolant strength/
pressure test system
72
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Item
Hours/
Miles
Frequency Remarks
" Rear axle
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect bearings; lube
J Ignition Timing
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect; adjust as needed
100
hours
12 months
L
Check for leaks at tank
cap, lines, fuel valve, filter,
pump and carburetor; replace lines every two years
J Fuel filter
100 hrs.
12 months
Replace annually
Radiator
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect; clean external surface
Cooling system
hoses
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect
Spark arrestor
L
J Fuel system
100 hrs.
12 months
Clean out
J Clutches (drive and
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect; clean
Engine mounts
100 hrs.
12 months
Inspect
J Brake fluid
200 hrs.
24 months
Change every two years
J Front wheel bear-
300 hrs.
36 months
Inspect; replace as needed
driven)
ings
L Idle speed
As required Adjust
J Toe adjustment
As required Periodic inspection; adjust
when parts are replaced
Headlight aim
As required Adjust as needed
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
73
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Record
Use the following chart to record periodic maintenance.
Maintenance
Interval
Performed
10 hrs.
20 hrs.
50 hrs.
100 hrs.
74
Servicing Servicing
Date
Dealer
or Person
Remarks
- NOTES -
75
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
NOTE: Hours are based on 10 mph average. If service is due at 20
hours, the equivalent odometer reading would be 200 miles. Perform
all services at whichever reading is reached first.
Lubrication Chart Key
"
More often under severe use, such as wet or dusty conditions
L Polaris Premium All Season Grease or grease conforming to NLGI
F
∆
No. 2, such as Conoco Superlube M or Mobilegrease Special
Use Polaris Premium U-Joint Lube every 500 miles, before long
periods of storage, or after pressure washing or submerging.
When suspension action becomes stiff, or after washing
Item
Lube
Method
Frequency
Engine OIl
Polaris Premium 4
Synthetic 0W40
Add to proper level on dipstick.
Check level daily.
Brake Fluid
DOT 3 Only
Maintain level between fill
lines. See page 39.
As required; change
every two years or
200 hours
(1) Transmission Oil
Polaris Premium
Synthetic gear
case lube
See page 81.
Check every 6
months/1000 miles.
Change annually or
at 100 hours
(2) Front
Gearcase Oil
Premium Drive
Hub Fluid
See page 82.
Change annually or
at 100 hours
(3) Rear
Gearcase Oil
Premium Front
Gearcase Fluid
(or GL5 80-90
weight gear lube)
See page 83.
Change annually or
at 100 hours
(4) Front Prop
Shaft U-joints
FGrease
Grease fittings.
Every 3 months or
50 hours
(5) Front Prop
Shaft Yoke
FGrease
Grease fittings (3 pumps
maximum)
Every 3 months or
50 hours
(6) Front
Drive Axle (U
Joint)
FGrease
Locate grease fitting and
grease with grease gun.
Every 3 months or
50 hours
Ball Joint
"LGrease
Locate fitting on back side of
struts and grease with
grease gun.
Every 3 months or
50 hours
76
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
77
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Premium 4 Synthetic Lubricant
Polaris Premium 4 All Season synthetic engine oil has been specially
formulated for use in Polaris 4-cycle engines. It’s a fully synthetic,
high performance, multi-viscosity oil designed to provide the ultimate
in lubrication performance and protection. NOTE: See page 117 for the
part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
Premium 4 possesses unsurpassed film strength over the widest
possible temperature range. It resists viscosity and frictional
breakdown in ambient temperatures from -40° F. to 120° F. (-40 to
+49° C.) Its exceptional frictional properties result in more efficient
operation, more power output and lower fuel consumption.
Although Polaris Premium 4 is the only oil recommended for use in
this engine, use of any API certified SH oil is allowable as long as it’s
0W-40. Oil may need to be changed more frequently if Polaris
Premium 4 is not used. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations
for ambient temperature operation.
CAUTION
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause serious
engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris Premium 4 All
Season synthetic oil or API certified SH oil, 0W-40. Never
substitute or mix oil brands. Use only 0W-40.
78
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Engine Oil Check
The oil dipstick and fill tube are located on the left side of the vehicle.
1. Position the ATV on a level
1
surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle
for 20-30 seconds.
3. Stop the engine and lift the
lever lock (1) on the dipstick.
Remove the dipstick and wipe
it dry with a clean cloth.
4. Reinstall the dipstick completely.
NOTE: The dipstick must be
screwed completely in to keep the
angle and depth of the stick
consistent. Do not lock.
5. Remove the dipstick and
check the oil level.
ADD 8 OZ
SAFE
Maintain the oil level in
the safe range (2),
between the full and add
marks. Do not overfill.
2
6. After reinstalling the dipstick, be sure to seat the lever lock.
Oil and Filter Change
The recommended oil change interval is 100 hours, 1000 miles, or
every six months, whichever comes first. Suggested break-in oil
change is at 20 hours, 200 miles, or one month, whichever comes first.
Severe use operation requires more frequent service. Severe use
includes continuous duty in dusty or wet conditions and cold weather
riding. NOTE: Severe use cold weather riding is all riding below 10°
F., and riding between 10° F and 30° F when most trips are slow speed
and less than 5 miles. Be sure to change the oil filter whenever
changing the oil.
79
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Oil and Filter Change
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Run the engine for two to three minutes until warm. Stop the
engine.
3. Clean the area around the drain plug.
4. Place a drain pan beneath engine crankcase and remove the drain
plug.
CAUTION
Hot oil can cause serious burns to skin. Do not allow hot oil to
come into contact with skin.
5. Allow the oil to drain completely.
6. Replace the sealing washer on the drain plug. NOTE: The sealing
surfaces on drain plug and crankcase should be clean and free of
burrs, nicks or scratches.
7. Reinstall the drain plug and torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
8. Place shop towels beneath the oil filter. Using an oil filter wrench,
turn the filter counterclockwise to remove.
9. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing surface on the
crankcase.
10. Lubricate the o-ring on the new filter with a film of fresh engine
oil. Check to make sure the o-ring is in good condition.
11. Install the new filter and turn by hand until the filter gasket
contacts the sealing surface, then turn and additional 1/2 turn.
12. Remove the dipstick and fill the sump with 2 quarts (1.9 l) of
Polaris Premium 4 synthetic oil.
13. Place the gear selector in neutral and set the parking brake.
14. Start the engine and let it idle for one to two minutes. Stop the
engine and inspect for leaks.
15. Re-check the oil level on the dipstick and add oil as necessary to
bring the level to the upper mark on the dipstick.
16. Dispose of used filter and oil properly.
80
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Transmission Oil Check
The transmission oil fill plug (1) is
located on the right side of the
machine behind the footwell. The
transmission oil level should be
checked every six months or 1000
1
miles (1600 km), whichever comes
first. Transmission oil should be
changed annually.
1. To access the fill plug, remove the four
screws on the footwell and gently pull
outward.
2. Remove the fill plug and check the
oil level. The oil should be
maintained 1 5/8” from the top of the fill
plug hole. See the specifications section of
the owner’s manual for oil capacities.
1 5/8”
Transmission Oil Change
1. Remove the four screws on the footwell and gently pull outward to
remove the footwell.
2. Remove the transmission drain plug (2), which is located on the
bottom left-hand side. Drain the oil into a drain pan and dispose of
properly.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug.
Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
4. Remove the fill plug and add Polaris
Premium Synthetic Gearcase
Lubricant to the recommended level
(1 5/8” from the top of the fill plug
hole).
5. Replace the fill plug and check for
leaks.
6. Reinstall the footwell and screws.
2
81
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Front Gearcase Oil Check
The front gearcase lubricant level should be checked every six months
or 1000 miles (1600 km), whichever comes first. Front gearcase oil
should be changed annually.
1. Position the ATV on a level surface.
2. Remove the fill plug (1) and check the
lubricant level. Lubricant should be
kept 3/4” from the bottom of the fill
plug thread. Add Polaris Premium Hub
Drive Fluid when required. See page 117
for the part numbers of
Polaris-recommended products.
Front Gearcase Oil Change
1
1. Remove the fill plug.
2. Place a drain pan beneath the gearcase,
remove the gearcase drain plug located on the bottom right-hand
side, and drain the oil.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
4. Add 5 ounces (150 ml) of Polaris Premium Hub Drive Fluid.
5. Reinstall the oil fill plug and check for leaks.
82
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Rear Gearcase Oil Check
With the ATV on a level surface, remove the fill plug and visually
inspect the lubricant level through the fill hole (1). Maintain the oil
level with the bottom of the fill plug hole.
Rear Gearcase Oil Change
1. Remove the drain plug (2). Catch
and discard used oil properly.
2. Clean and reinstall the drain plug
1
with a new sealing washer. Torque
to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
3. Remove the fill plug and add 5
ounces (150 ml) of Premium Front
Gearcase Fluid (or GL5 80-90 weight
2
gear lube).
4. Inspect the oil level, which should be
maintained level with the bottom of the fill plug hole.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm) and check for
leaks.
83
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
Coolant Level
The recovery bottle (1) is located on the
left side of the machine. To access the
recovery bottle, remove the left side panel
as outlined on page 93.
1
The fluid level must be maintained
between the minimum and maximum
marks on the bottle (when the fluid is
cool).
The engine coolant level is controlled or maintained by the recovery
system. The recovery system components are the recovery bottle,
radiator filler neck, radiator pressure cap and connecting hose.
As coolant operating temperature increases, the expanding (heated)
excess coolant is forced out of the radiator, past the pressure cap, and
into the recovery bottle. As engine coolant temperature decreases, the
contracting (cooled) coolant is drawn back up from the tank, past the
pressure cap, and into the radiator.
NOTE: Some coolant level drop on new machines is normal, as the
system is purging itself of trapped air. Observe coolant levels and
maintain as recommended by adding coolant to the recovery bottle.
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40
anti-freeze/coolant or a 50/50 mixture of high quality aluminum
compatible anti-freeze/coolant and distilled water. See page 117 for the
part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
NOTE: Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and ready to use.
Do not dilute with water.
NOTE: Always follow the manufacturer’s mixing recommendations
for the freeze protection required in your area.
84
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
WARNING
Escaping steam can cause severe burns. Never remove the
pressure cap while the engine is warm or hot. Always allow the
engine to cool before removing the pressure cap.
Radiator Coolant Level
2
NOTE: This procedure is required
only if the cooling system has been
drained for maintenance and/or repair.
1
However, if the recovery bottle has
run dry, the level in the radiator
should be inspected and coolant
added if necessary.
1. Using the tool provided, remove
the four screws securing the front rack (1). Remove the front cover
(2) by placing your fingers under the front of the cover and pulling
upward.
2. Remove the pressure cap.
3. Using a funnel, slowly add coolant as necessary through the
radiator filler neck.
4. Replace the pressure cap and secure the front cover and rack.
NOTE: Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the
recovery system to function properly. Contact your dealer for the
correct replacement part.
NOTE: To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the
engine, we recommend that the system be completely drained every
two years and a fresh mixture of antifreeze and water added. Polaris
recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/coolant or a
50/50 mixture of high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/coolant
and distilled water. Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and
ready to use. Do not dilute with water. See page 117 for the part
numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
NOTE: Always follow the manufacturer’s mixing recommendations
for the freeze protection required in your area.
85
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Front Brake
WARNING
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any
unused portion. Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake
fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from
the air. The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the
brake fluid to drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the
possibility of accident or severe injury.
The front brakes are hydraulic disc brakes. They’re activated by
moving the brake lever toward the handlebar. These brakes are
self-adjusting.
The following checks are recommended to keep the brake system in
good operating condition. Check more often if brakes are used heavily
under normal operation.
1. Always keep brake fluid at an adequate level (see page 39).
NOTE: Under normal functioning the diaphragm extends into the
reservoir as fluid level drops. If the fluid level is low and the
diaphragm is not extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm
should be replaced. Always fill the reservoir as needed whenever
the cover is loosened or removed to ensure proper diaphragm
operation. Use Polaris DOT 3 brake fluid (see page 117).
2. Check the brake system for fluid leaks.
3. Check the brakes for excessive
travel or spongy feel.
4. Check the friction pads for wear,
damage and looseness.
5. Check the security and surface
condition of the disc.
NOTE: Pads should be changed when worn
to 3/64″ (.1 cm), or about the thickness of a
3/64″ (.1 cm)
U.S. dime.
86
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Rear Brake
The rear brake is a hydraulic disc brake and
is activated by the same lever that activates
the front brake system. The rear brake
system is self-adjusting and requires no
maintenance other than periodic checks of
the pads for wear.
Pads should be changed when worn to
3/64″ (.1 cm), which is about the thickness
of a U.S. dime.
Inspect the brake disc spline and pad wear
surface for excessive wear.
3/64″ (.1 cm)
Auxiliary Brake
Your auxiliary brake is intended to be used as a backup for the main
brake system. Should the main system fail, the rear brake can be
activated by depressing the foot pedal on the inside of the right
footrest. The hydraulic auxiliary brake system will not require
adjustment.
NOTE: Since this is a rear brake only, it will not be as effective as the
all wheel system.
87
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result from improper toe alignment and
adjustment. Do not attempt to adjust tie rod alignment. All tie rod
adjustments should be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer.
Toe Alignment
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the vehicle.
The recommended toe alignment is 1/8″ to 1/4″ toe out.
1. Set the handlebars in a
straight-ahead position.
NOTE: The steering frog
can be used as an indicator
of whether the handlebars are
straight. The frog should
always point straight back
from the steering post.
2
2. Place stands (1) in front of
the vehicle, perpendicular to
the rear tires. See
illustration.
3. Tie an elastic string around
3
the stands, making sure the
string just touches the side
surface of the rear tires on
each side of the vehicle and
goes around the stands in
front of the vehicle (2).
4. Measure the distance from
1
the string to the rim at the
front and rear of the front
rim (3). Rear measurement should be 1/16″ - 1/8″ (.2 to .3 cm)
more than the front measurement.
NOTE: If you discover improper alignment, see your Polaris dealer
for service.
88
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Steering Assembly
The steering assembly of the ATV should be checked periodically for
loose nuts and bolts. If loose nuts and bolts are found, see your Polaris
dealer for service before operating the vehicle.
Camber and Caster
The camber and caster are non-adjustable.
Rear Spring
The rear shock absorber spring is
adjusted by rotating the adjuster
(1) either clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or
decrease spring tension.
NOTE: Accessory springs are
available through your Polaris
dealer.
1
89
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
WARNING
Improper adjustment of the handlebars or incorrect torquing of
the adjuster block tightening bolts can cause limited steering or
loosening of the handlebars, resulting in loss of control and
possible serious personal injury or death. Follow the adjustment
procedures exactly, or see your Polaris dealer for service.
Handlebars
The handlebars can be adjusted for
1
rider preference.
1. Locate handlebar bolts (1) by
removing the upper headlight pod.
2. Loosen the four bolts.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the desired
height. Be sure the handlebars do not
contact the gas tank or any other part of
the machine when turned fully to the left or right.
4. Lightly tighten each bolt equally to prevent uneven gaps in the
block.
5. Torque the handlebar adjuster block bolts to 10-12 ft. lbs. (14-17
Nm).
90
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Carburetor/Idle RPM
If the engine idle speed is not satisfactory, and
all other conditions are favorable, the carburetor
can be adjusted.
1. Warm up the engine by running the vehicle
for approximately five minutes.
2. Place the transmission in gear with the
parking brake applied.
3. Adjust the carburetor idle screw (1) either in
or out until the desired idle RPM is reached.
Turning the screw in (clockwise) will raise
RPM. Turning the screw out
(counterclockwise) will lower RPM.
1
IMPORTANT: Your Polaris ATV is calibrated at the factory for
optimal performance at altitudes ranging from zero to 6,000 feet (1800
m) and temperatures of +40 degrees F. (4 degrees C.) or higher. Above
6000 feet (1800 m) the engine air/fuel mixture becomes overly rich and
the engine loses approximately 3% of its power for each 1000-foot
(304.8 m) increase in elevation. Although this power cannot be
regained, adjustments to the carburetor and drive system can be made
to allow more efficient operation. Optional jets, available from your
Polaris dealer, are required for operation above 6,000 feet and
temperatures below +40 degrees F. (4 degrees C.)
NOTE: Continuous operation of the engine without proper jetting
when required can cause poor performance, overheating or engine
damage. See your Polaris dealer for more information about jetting the
ATV for conditions in your area.
91
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Throttle Cable Freeplay
Throttle cable freeplay is adjusted at the handlebar.
1. Slide the boots (1) off the inline cable adjuster sleeve (2). Loosen
the adjuster locknut (3).
2. Turn the adjuster until 1/16″ to 1/8″ freeplay is achieved at the
thumb lever. NOTE: While adjusting freeplay, be sure to flip the
throttle lever back and forth.
3. Tighten the locknut and slide the boots over the cable adjuster until
they touch at the midpoint of the adjuster.
1
92
2
3
1
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Side Panel Removal
NOTE: Side panel removal may be difficult until the locking tabs and
receivers have been snapped and unsnapped a few times.
1. Remove the seat.
Step 2.
2. Grasp the rear of the side
panel near the rear cab. With
a quick and firm motion, pull
the panel forward and outward
to disengage the two rear tabs.
3. Place your hand on top of the
side panel behind the fuel
tank. With a quick and firm
motion, push down on the side
panel to disengage the top rear
Step 3.
two tabs. Then pull up on the
side panel to disengage the
front upper and lower tabs.
4. To reinstall the side panel,
align the panel tabs with the
slots on the front cab. Push
the panel upward and forward
until the tabs lock. Bend the
rear of the side panel and
insert the two tabs into the rear
cab.
Step 4.
93
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
WARNING
Operating your ATV with worn tires, improperly inflated tires,
non-standard tires or improperly installed tires will affect vehicle
handling and could cause an accident resulting in serious injury
or death.
Maintain proper tire pressure as described on the decal on your
ATV and in the owner’s manual.
Always use original equipment size and type when replacing
tires.
Make sure the wheels are installed properly.
Always replace tires when the tread depth measures 1/8″ (.3 cm)
or less.
Tire Tread Depth
Always replace tires when tread
depth is worn to 1/8″ (.3 cm) or less.
See illustration.
1/8I (.3 cm)
Wheel Removal
1. Stop the engine, place the transmission in gear and lock the
parking brake.
2. Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
3. Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand under the
footrest frame.
4. Remove the wheel nuts and remove the wheel.
94
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Adjustments
Wheel Installation
1. Place the transmission in gear
and lock the parking brake.
2. Apply a small amount of
red Loctitet (provided with
your ATV) to the studs if
the nuts are regular nuts.
Do not apply Loctitet if
the nuts have an attached
washer.
3. Place the wheel on the
wheel hub with the valve stem
toward the outside and rotation
arrows on the tire pointing toward
forward rotation.
4. Install the wheel nuts and finger tighten.
5. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
6. Torque the wheel nuts according to the wheel nut torque
specifications chart.
NOTE: All nuts that have a cotter pin installed must be serviced by an
authorized Polaris dealer.
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications
Check the wheel nut torques occasionally and when they’ve been
loosened for maintenance service.
Bolt Size
Specification
Front 3/8″
30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm)
Rear 3/8″
30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm)
Front Wheel Hub Tightening
Front wheel bearing tightness and spindle nut retention are critical
component operations. All service must be performed by your
authorized Polaris dealer.
95
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Filter Systems
Air Filter Service
1. Remove the seat, release the clips,
and remove the air box cover.
2. Loosen the clamp and remove the
filter.
3. Remove the fabric type pre-filter
(1) from the main filter (2). Wash
the pre-filter in soapy water, then
rinse and let dry.
4. Reinstall the pre-filter over the main
filter. (Replace the main filter if
needed.)
5. Reinstall the filter into the air box and
tighten the clamp. Do not over tighten
the clamp, as filter damage could occur.
2
1
Breather Filter/Hose
1. To access the breather filter, remove
the left side panel as outlined on page
93.
2. Remove the clamps and pull the filter
(3) out of the hoses. NOTE: It’s not
necessary to remove the lower hose
from the engine.
3. Inspect the filter for debris. Blow
gently through the filter in the direction
of the arrow to check for clogging.
3
Replace if needed.
4. Check the hoses for cracks,
deterioration, abrasion, or leaks. Replace as needed.
5. Reinstall the filter with the arrow pointing toward the engine and
secure the clamps.
CAUTION
Operation of your vehicle without a breather filter can cause
engine damage. Always reinstall the breather filter after
removing for service.
96
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
When servicing a halogen lamp, don’t touch the lamp with bare
fingers. Oil from your skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that
will shorten the life of the lamp.
WARNING
Poor lighting while driving can result in severe injury or death.
Headlight and taillight lenses become dirty during normal operation.
Wash the headlights frequently to maintain lighting quality.
Hot components can cause serious burns to skin. Do not service
the headlamps until they’ve cooled sufficiently.
Headlight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the two screws on the lower front corners of the headlight
pod.
2. Using a small flat-blade screwdriver, push in on the lock tab
through the two small openings at the front of the headlight pod.
3. Lift the pod slightly while depressing the tabs.
4. Remove the screw in the back of the headlight pod.
5. Lift the pod cover and disconnect the speedometer harnesses from
the speedometer. Unplug the indicator light harness and remove
the pod cover.
6. Unplug the headlamp from the wiring harness. Be sure to pull on
the connector, not on the wiring.
7. Remove the boot and locking collar from the back of the lamp
housing.
8. Grasp the base of the lamp and lift it out.
9. Reverse the previous steps to replace the lamp and reassemble the
pod. Apply dielectric grease to the light bulb socket before
installing the new bulb. Make sure the tab on the lamp locates
properly in the housing.
97
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
High Beam Adjustment
The headlight beam can be adjusted to any position desired by turning
the adjusting knob on the bottom right side of the headlight pod.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight
approximately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a wall.
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of the headlight
and make a mark on the wall at the same height.
3. Start the engine and turn the headlight switch to high beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim on the wall. The most intense part of
the headlight beam should be aimed two inches (5.1 cm) below the
mark placed on the wall. NOTE: Include rider weight on the seat
when measuring.
5. Adjust the beam to the desired position by turning the adjustment
knob either clockwise or counterclockwise.
Snap pins
into tabs
Position
knob in
slot and
secure in
locking
tabs
98
Slip o-ring
over pin
Adjustment
Knob Stop
Route plug
over handlebar
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Headlight Housing Replacement
1. Remove the two screws on the lower front corners of the headlight
pod.
2. Using a small flat-blade screwdriver, push in on the lock tab
through the two small openings at the front of the headlight pod.
3. Lift the pod slightly while depressing the tabs.
4. Remove the screw in the back of the
headlight pod.
5. Lift the pod cover. Disconnect the
1
speedometer harnesses from the
speedometer. Unplug the indicator
light harness and remove the pod cover.
6. Unplug the headlamp from the wiring
harness.
7. Remove the o-ring (1) from the
headlight pivot pins.
8. Pull the headlight housing up to
release from the locking tabs.
9. Lift the adjusting knob up to remove
5 1/8″
from the locking tabs.
(13 cm)
10. Carefully pull the assembly up and
out of pod.
11. Reverse the steps to install the new housing and reassemble the
pod.
NOTE: The distance from the headlamp parting line to the end of the
adjustment knob stop is 5 1/8″ (13 cm). See illustration.
12. Adjust the headlight aim by turning the adjusting knob.
99
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Lower Headlamp Removal / Installation
1. Turn the back of the headlight harness (1) in a
clockwise direction.
2. Pull the harness assembly out from the headlight
assembly.
3. Remove the headlamp and replace with a
1
new headlamp.
4. Install the new headlamp and harness assembly
into the headlight assembly. Turn the headlight harness
counterclockwise to secure the headlamp into place.
Taillight/Brakelight Lamp Replacement
If the taillight/brakelight does not work the lamp may need to be
replaced.
1. Remove the taillight lens
cover mounting screws (1).
Remove the lens cover (2) and
gasket and set aside for
reassembly.
2. Remove the lamp (3) and
replace it with a new lamp.
3
3. Test the taillight/brakelight to
see that it’s working.
4. Reinstall the gasket and lens cover.
100
2
1
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plugs
S Use RC7YC spark plugs.
S Proper electrode gap is .035″ (.90 mm).
S Spark plug torque is 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine
damage. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug
firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed
up and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately
check the spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear
protective gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
1. Normal
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This
indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
NOTE: The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates
overheating, caused by use of an improper spark plug or incorrect
carburetion adjustments.
2. Wet Fouled
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil,
use of non-recommended oil, improper use of the choke, or incorrect
carburetion adjustments.
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Using the special wrench provided in the tool pouch, rotate the
spark plug counterclockwise to remove.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation. Torque to 14 ft.
lbs. (19 Nm).
101
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Vehicle Immersion
CAUTION
If your vehicle becomes immersed, major engine damage can
result if the machine is not thoroughly inspected. Take the vehicle
to your dealer before starting the engine.
If it’s impossible to take your ATV to a dealer before starting it, follow
the steps outlined below.
1. Move the ATV to dry land or at the very
least, to water below the footrests.
2. Check the airbox for any water and
dry it if water is present. Filter
replacement is required if water
intrusion is evident.
3. Turn the fuel valve off.
4. Remove the spark plug.
5. Loosen the carburetor drain screw (1).
1
6. Turn the engine over several times
using the electric start.
7. Dry the spark plug and reinstall, or replace it with a new plug.
8. Tighten the carburetor drain screw.
9. Turn the fuel valve on.
10. Attempt to start the engine. If necessary, repeat the drying
procedure.
11. Take the ATV to your dealer for service as soon as possible,
whether you succeed in starting it or not.
NOTE: If water has been ingested into the PVT, follow the procedure
on page 105 for drying out the PVT.
102
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Arrestor
WARNING
Failure to heed the following warnings while servicing the spark
arrestor could result in serious injury or death.
Do not perform service on the spark arrestor while the system is
hot. Exhaust system temperatures can reach 1000° F. Allow
components to cool sufficiently before proceeding.
Remove any combustible materials from the area.
Wear eye protection.
Do not stand behind or in front of the vehicle while purging.
Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas.
Never go under the vehicle while it’s inclined.
Use the following procedure to periodically purge accumulated carbon
from the exhaust pipe/muffler.
1. Remove the arrestor clean-out plug
(1) from the bottom of the muffler.
2. Place the transmission in neutral
and start the engine.
3. Purge carbon from the system by
momentarily revving the engine
1
several times.
4. If carbon is expelled, cover the exhaust outlet and rap on the pipe
around the cleanout plug while revving the engine several more
times.
5. If particles are still suspected to be in the muffler, back the vehicle
onto an incline so the rear of the vehicle is one foot higher than the
front. Set the parking brake and block the wheels. Make sure the
vehicle is in neutral and repeat steps 3 and 4.
6. If particles are still suspected to be in the muffler, drive the vehicle
onto the incline so the front of the vehicle is one foot higher than
the rear. Set the parking brake and block the wheels. Make sure
the vehicle is in neutral and repeat steps 3 and 4. Repeat steps 3
through 6 until no more particles are expelled when the engine is
revved.
7. Stop the engine and allow the arrestor to cool. Reinstall the
arrestor plug.
103
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
PVT System
The basic operation of the Polaris PVT system is dependent on engine
speed and vehicle torque requirements. As engine speed increases, the
force exerted on the movable drive sheave by the flyweights also
increases. This, in turn, increases the amount of pinch applied to the
drive belt. Similarly, if the engine speed decreases, the amount of
centrifugal force decreases, reducing the amount of belt pinch.
On Polaris ATVs, the approximate gear ratio difference between high
and low range is 1:2.25. This difference in gearing affects the operation
of the PVT, especially at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 KPH), due to the
system’s dependence on engine speed.
For example, when operating at a ground speed of 3 MPH (5 KPH) in
low range, the engine speed would be around 3000 RPM. This is well
above the engagement speed of 1200 - 1400 RPM. However, in high
range at 3 MPH (5 KPH), the engine would be running at only 1500
RPM. Whenever operating this close to the engagement speed, the
engine may be running at a speed too low to provide the pinch needed
to prevent belt slip. Belt slip is responsible for creating the excessive
heat that destroys belts and causes outer clutch covers to fail.
By switching to low range while operating at low ground speeds, the
air temperature in the clutch cover is reduced by almost 160 degrees.
Reducing the temperature inside the clutch cover extends the life of the
PVT components (belt, cover, etc.).
When To Use Low Range vs. High Range
Following is a guideline for when to use low range and high range.
Low Range
S When basic operation is at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 KPH)
S For heavy pulling
S When operating in rough terrain (swamps, mountains, etc.) at low
ground speeds
High Range
S When basic operation is at speeds greater than 7 MPH (11 KPH)
S When operating at high ground speeds
104
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
PVT System
WARNING
Failure to comply with the instructions in this warning can result
in severe injury or death.
Do not modify any component of the PVT system. Doing so may
reduce its strength so that a failure may occur at a high speed.
The PVT system has been precision balanced. Any modification
will cause the system to be out of balance, creating vibration and
additional loads on components.
The PVT system rotates at high speeds, creating large amounts
of force on clutch components. Extensive engineering and
testing has been conducted to ensure the safety of this product.
However, as the owner, you have the following responsibilities to
make sure this system remains safe:
Always follow all recommended maintenance procedures. See
your dealer as outlined in the owner’s manual.
This PVT system is intended for use on Polaris products only. Do
not install it in any other product.
Always make sure the PVT housing is securely in place during
operation.
PVT Drying
There may be some instances when water is accidently ingested into
the PVT system. Use the following instructions to dry it out before
operating:
1. Remove the drain plug and allow the water to drain. Replace the
drain plug.
2. Start the engine and shift the transmission into neutral. Apply
varying throttle for 10-15 seconds to expel the moisture and air-dry
the belt and clutches. Do not hold the throttle wide open for more
than 10 seconds.
3. Allow the engine RPM to settle to idle speed, then shift the
transmission to the lowest available range.
4. Test for belt slippage. If the belt slips, repeat the process.
5. Take the vehicle to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
105
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
Keep the battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. If
cleaning is necessary, remove the corrosion with a stiff wire brush.
Wash with a solution of one tablespoon baking soda and one cup water.
Rinse well with tap water and dry off with clean shop towels. Coat the
terminals with dielectric grease or petroleum jelly.
Be careful not to allow cleaning solution or tap water into the battery.
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains sulfuric acid. Serious
burns can result from contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
Antidote:
External: Flush with water.
Internal: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk
of magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call physician
immediately.
Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical
attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame,
cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using in an
enclosed space. Always shield eyes when working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
Replenishing Battery Fluid
A poorly maintained battery will deteriorate
rapidly. Check the battery fluid level often.
The fluid level should be kept between the
upper and lower level marks (1).
To refill use only distilled water. Tap water
contains minerals that are harmful to a
battery.
106
1
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result
in an explosion and cause serious injury or death. When removing
the battery, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first.
When reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative (black)
cable last.
Battery Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the strap securing the battery.
Remove the battery vent tube from the battery.
Disconnect the black (negative) battery cable first.
Disconnect the red (positive) battery cable next.
Lift the battery out of the ATV, being careful not to tip it sideways
and spill electrolyte.
CAUTION
If electrolyte spills, immediately wash it off with a solution of one
tablespoon baking soda and one cup water to prevent damage to
the vehicle.
107
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
Battery Installation and Connections
1. Set the battery in the battery holder.
2. Install the battery vent tube. NOTE: It must be free of
obstructions and securely installed. If not, battery gases could
accumulate and cause an explosion. The tube should be routed
away from the frame and body to prevent corrosion. Avoid skin
contact with electrolyte, which can cause severe burns.
3. First connect and tighten the red (positive) cable.
4. Second connect and tighten the black (negative) cable.
5. Reinstall battery and battery strap.
6. Verify that cables are properly routed.
NOTE: When installing a new battery, make sure it’s fully charged
prior to its initial use. Using a new battery that has not been fully
charged can damage the battery and result in a shorter life. It can also
hinder vehicle performance.
Battery Storage
When the vehicle is placed in storage for three months or more, the
battery should be removed, stored out of the sun in a cool, dry place
and tested monthly. Before reusing, take the battery to your dealer for
testing and recharging.
108
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
See page 117 for the part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
Cleaning the ATV
Keeping your ATV clean will not only improve its appearance but it
can also extend the life of various components. With a few
precautions, your ATV can be cleaned much like an automobile.
Washing the ATV
The best and safest way to clean your ATV is with a garden hose and a
pail of mild soap and water. Use a professional type washing mitten,
cleaning the upper body first and the lower parts last. Rinse with water
frequently and dry with a chamois to prevent water spots. NOTE: If
warning and safety labels are damaged, contact your a Polaris dealer
for free replacement.
Polaris does not recommend the use of a high pressure type car wash
system for washing the ATV. If a high pressure system is used,
exercise extreme care to avoid water damage to the wheel bearings,
transmission seals, body panels, brakes and warning labels. NOTE:
Grease all zerk fittings immediately after washing, and allow the
vehicle to run for a while to evaporate any water that may have entered
the engine or exhaust system.
Waxing the ATV
Your ATV can be waxed with any non-abrasive automotive paste wax.
Avoid the use of harsh cleaners since they can scratch the body finish.
CAUTION
Certain products, including insect repellants and chemicals, will
damage plastic surfaces. Use caution when using these products
near plastic surfaces.
109
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
See page 117 for the part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
Storage Tips
CAUTION
Starting the engine during the storage period will disturb the protective
film created by fogging and damage could occur. Never start the
engine during the storage period.
Clean the Exterior
Make necessary repairs and then clean the ATV thoroughly with mild
soap and warm water to remove all dirt and grime. Don’t use harsh
detergents or high pressure washers. Some detergents deteriorate rubber
parts. Use dish soap type cleaners only. High pressure washers may
force water past seals.
Stabilize the Fuel
Fill the fuel tank. Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris
Fuel Stabilizer. Follow the instructions on the container for the
recommended amount. (Carbon clean will also reduce the possibility of
bacterial growth in the fuel system.) Allow 15-20 minutes of operation
for the stabilizer to disperse through the fuel in the tank and carburetor.
Turn the fuel valve off and drain the carburetor bowl.
Oil and Filter
Warm the engine and change the oil and filter.
Air Filter / Air Box
Inspect and clean or replace the pre-cleaner and air filter. Clean the air
box and drain the sediment tube.
Breather Filter
Inspect and clean or replace the breather filter.
Fluid Levels
Inspect the following fluid levels and change if necessary: front and
rear gearcases; transmission and brake fluid (change every two years or
as required if fluid looks dark or contaminated).
110
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
See page 117 for the part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
Storage Tips
Fog the Engine
1. Remove the spark plug and add 2-3 tablespoons of Premium 4
Synthetic 0W40 engine oil. To access the plug hole, use a section of
clear 1/4” hose and a small plastic squeeze bottle filled with the
pre-measured amount of oil. NOTE: Do this carefully! If you miss
the plug hole, oil will drain from the spark plug cavity into the hole
at the front of the cylinder head, and appear to be an oil leak.
2. Reinstall the spark plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
3. Apply dielectric grease to the inside of the spark plug cap and install
the cap onto the plug.
4. Turn the engine over several times. Oil will be forced in and around
the piston rings and ring lands, coating the cylinder with a protective
film of fresh oil.
Alternative to Using Fogging Oil
If you choose not to use Polaris Fogging Oil, perform the following
procedure.
1. Support the front end of the machine so the engine is level or tilted
slightly rearward.
2. Remove the spark plug. Rotate the piston to BDC and pour
approximately two ounces of Polaris-recommended oil into the
cylinder.
3. Reinstall the spark plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
4. Apply dielectric grease to the inside of the spark plug cap and install
the cap onto the plug.
5. Turn the engine over several times to ensure coverage of piston
rings, cylinder walls and crankshaft bearings.
6. Treat the fuel system with Polaris Carbon Clean.
7. If Polaris fuel system additive is not used, fuel tank, fuel lines, and
carburetor should be completely drained of gasoline. To eliminate
any fuel remaining in the carburetor, run the engine until it stops.
Inspect and Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate. Follow lubrication guidelines in the
Maintenance Section of the service or owner’s manual to completely
grease and lubricate the entire vehicle with Polaris Premium All
Season Grease.
111
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
See page 117 for the part numbers of Polaris-recommended products.
Storage Tips
Battery Maintenance
Remove the battery and add distilled water to the proper level. Do not
use tap water, which may contain minerals that reduce battery life.
Apply dielectric grease to the terminal bolts and terminals. Charge the
battery at 1.4 amps or less until the specific gravity of each cell is
1.265 or greater. Store the battery in a cool, dry place. Charge can be
maintained easily by using Polaris Battery Tendert charger (PN
2871076) or by charging about once a month to make up for normal
self-discharge. Battery Tendert can be left connected during the
storage period, and will automatically charge the battery if the voltage
drops below a pre-determined point. Check the fluid level once a
month.
Engine Anti-Freeze
Test engine coolant strength and change if necessary. Coolant should
be replaced every two years.
Storage Area/Covers
Set the tire pressure and safely support the ATV with the tires 1-2” off
the ground. Be sure the storage area is well ventilated, and cover the
machine with a genuine Polaris ATV cover. NOTE: Do not use plastic
or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent
condensation, and may promote corrosion and oxidation.
Transporting the ATV
Follow these procedures when transporting the vehicle.
1. Turn off the engine and remove the key to prevent loss during
transporting.
2. Turn the fuel valve off.
3. Be sure the fuel cap, oil cap and seat are installed correctly.
4. Always tie the frame of the ATV to the transporting unit securely
using suitable straps or rope.
5. Always place the transmission in park and lock the parking brake.
112
TROUBLESHOOTING
Drive Belt and Cover Problems
Possible Cause
Solution
Driving the ATV onto a
pickup or tall trailer in
high range.
Shift transmission to low range during loading of the ATV
to prevent belt burning.
Starting out going up a
steep incline.
When starting out on an incline, use low range or dismount the ATV (after first applying the park brake) and
perform the K-turn as described on page 63.
Driving at low RPM or
Drive at a higher speed or use low range more frequently.
low ground speed (at
The use of low range is highly recommended for cooler
approximately 3-7 MPH). PVT operating temperatures and longer component life.
Insufficient warm-up of
Warm the engine at least 5 minutes. With the transmission
ATVs exposed to low am- in neutral, advance the throttle to about 1/8 throttle in
bient temperatures.
short bursts, 5 to 7 times. The belt will become more flexible and prevent belt burning.
Slow and easy clutch engagement.
Use the throttle quickly and effectively for efficient engagement.
Towing/pushing at low
RPM/low ground speed.
Use low range only.
Utility use/plowing snow,
dirt, etc.
Use low range only.
Stuck in mud or snow.
Shift the transmission to low range, and carefully use fast,
aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
WARNING: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control
and vehicle overturn.
Climbing over large objects from a stopped position.
Shift the transmission to low range, and carefully use fast,
brief, aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
WARNING: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control
and vehicle overturn.
Belt slippage from water
Shift the transmission to neutral. Using the throttle, vary
or snow ingestion into the the engine RPM from idle to full throttle. Repeat several
PVT system.
times as required. During this procedure, the throttle
should not be held at the full position for more than 10
seconds. Clutch seals should be inspected for damage if
repeated leaking occurs.
Clutch malfunction.
Contact your Polaris dealer for inspection of clutch components.
Poor engine performance. Check for fouled plugs or foreign material in gas tank,
fuel lines, or carburetor. Contact your dealer for service.
113
TROUBLESHOOTING
Contact your Polaris dealer for service if you’re unable to identify
solutions using the following charts.
Engine Doesn’t Turn Over
Possible Cause
Solution
Tripped circuit breaker
Reset the breaker
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Loose battery connections
Check all connections and tighten
Loose solenoid connections
Check all connections and tighten
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Turn fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Clogged fuel valve or filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Water is present in fuel
Drain the fuel system and refuel
Fuel valve is turned off
Turn the fuel valve on
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Fouled or defective spark plug(s)
Inspect plug(s), replace if necessary
No spark to spark plug
Inspect plug(s), verify stop switch is on
Crankcase filled with water or fuel
Immediately see your Polaris dealer
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Clogged fuel filter
Replace the filter
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Pings or Knocks
Possible Cause
Solution
Poor quality or low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
114
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Backfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Weak spark from spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Incorrectly installed spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Weak Spark Cause
Solution
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Incorrect fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Lean Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Low or contaminated fuel
Add or change fuel, clean the fuel system
Low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged fuel filter
Replace filter
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Rich Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fuel is very high octane
Replace with lower octane fuel
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
115
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Turn fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Incorrect fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Overheated engine
Clean radiator screen and core if equipped
Clean engine exterior
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Overheating
Possible Cause
Solution
Debris lodged in screen
Remove and clean the screen. Pull on the
top portion of the screen, then remove the
lower portion.
Plugged Radiator
Use a garden hose to flush any debris
from the radiator fins. NOTE: High pressure washers can deform the radiator fins
and reduce cooling efficiency.
116
POLARIS RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS
Part No.
Description
Engine Lubricant
2870791
Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol)
2871721
Polaris Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Oil (qt.)
2871240
Polaris Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Oil (2.5 gal.)
2872927
VES Synthetic 2-Cycle Oil (qt.)
2871098
Premium 2 Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2871281
Engine Oil (qt.) Premium 4 Synthetic 0W-40 (4-Cycle)
2871844
Engine Oil (gal.) Premium 4 Synthetic 0W-40 (4-Cycle)
Gearcase / Transmission Lubricants
2871477
Premium Synthetic Gearcase Lubricant (1 gal.)
2871478
Premium Synthetic Gearcase Lubricant (12 oz. bottle)
2871653
Premium Front Gearcase Fluid (12 oz.)
2872276
Premium Front Gearcase Fluid (2.5 gal.)
2870465
Oil Pump for Gearcase Oil
2871654
Premium Drive Hub Fluid (8 oz.)
2872277
Premium Drive Hub Fluid (2.5 gal.)
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
2871322
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
2871423
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
2871460
Starter Drive Grease
2871515
Premium U-Joint Lube (3 oz.)
2871551
Premium U-Joint Lube (14 oz.)
2871312
Grease Gun Kit
2871329
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Coolant
2871323
60/40 Coolant (Gallon)
2871534
60/40 Coolant (Quart)
Additives / Miscellaneous
2871326
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
2870652
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
2870990
DOT3 Brake Fluid
2872893
Engine Degreaser
117
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 600
Gross Vehicle Weight
1240 lbs/563kgs
Fuel Capacity
4.75 gallons/17.98 liters
Towing Capacity
1500 lbs/681 kgs
Hitch Tongue Capacity
150 lbs/68.1 kgs (Rear rack capacity and
tongue weight not to exceed 200 lbs/90.7 kgs)
Front Rack Capacity
100 lbs/45.4 kgs
Rear Rack Capacity
200 lbs/90.8 kgs
Overall Length
85 in/215.9 cm
Overall Width
46 in/116.8 cm
Overall Height
47 in/119.4 cm
Wheelbase
50.75 in/128.9 cm
Ground Clearance
11 in/27.9 cm
Dry Weight
740 lbs/336 kgs
Minimum Turning Radius
76 in/193 cm unloaded
Engine Oil Capacity
Two quarts/1.89 liters
Coolant Capacity
3.2 quarts/3.02 liters
Engine
EH059OLE021
Displacement
597
Bore x Stroke
76.5 x 65
Pilot Jet
45
Main Jet
155
Needle Jet
P-4
Jet Needle
J8-4FA01-3
Pilot Screw
1.5
Alternator Output
300 Watts @ 3000 rpm
Compression Ratio
10.3:1
Starting System
Electric
Carburetor
BST 34mm
Ignition System
CDI
Ignition Timing
25° @ 3000 +/-- 500 RPM
Spark Plug / Gap
RC7YC / 0.9 mm / .035 in
Lubrication System
Pressurized Wet Sump
Driving System Type
4 Wheel Independent Shaft
118
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 600
Shift Type
Side Lever
(High, Low, Neutral, Reverse, Park)
Gear Reduction - Low
7.5/1
Gear Reduction - Reverse
5.11/1
Gear Reduction - High
3.09/1
Drive Ratio - Front:
3.82/1
Drive Ratio - Final
3.10/1
Tire Size - Front
25 x 8 - 12
Tire Size - Rear
25 x 11 - 12
Front Brake
Hydraulic Disc
Rear Brake
Hydraulic
Parking Brake
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
Headlight (watts)
1 - Single Beam on Handlebar (50)
2 - Single Beam on Grill (27)
Taillights (watts)
8.26
Brake Light (watts)
26.9
Instrument Cluster
LCD
Clutching and Jetting Charts
Altitude
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F
Below 5° C
+40°Fand above
+5°C to & above
Meters
(Feet)
0-1800
(0-6000)
162.5
155
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
150
145
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix*
0-1800
(0-6000)
10 MH
PN 5630513
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White/Yellow
PN 7041635
EBS
PN 5132751
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
10 WH
PN 5630710
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White/Yellow
PN 7041635
EBS
PN 5132751
EBS models require no helix / spring adjustment
119
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 700
Gross Vehicle Weight
1240 lbs/563kgs
Fuel Capacity
4.75 gallons/17.98 liters
Towing Capacity
1500 lbs/681 kgs
Front Rack Capacity
100 lbs/45.4 kgs
Rear Rack Capacity
200 lbs/90.7 kgs
Hitch Tongue Capacity
150 lbs/68.1 kgs (Rear rack capacity and
tongue weight not to exceed 200 lbs/90.8 kgs)
Overall Length
81 in/205.7 cm
Overall Width
46 in/116.8 cm
Overall Height
47 in/119.4 cm
Wheelbase
50.75 in/128.9 cm
Ground Clearance
11 in/27.9 cm
Dry Weight
740 lbs/336 kgs
Minimum Turning Radius
76 in/193 cm unloaded
Engine Oil Capacity
Two quarts/1.89 liters
Coolant Capacity
3.2 quarts/3.02 liters
Engine
EH68ALOE11
Displacement
683
Bore x Stroke
80 x 68
Pilot Jet
45
Main Jet
155
Needle Jet
P-6(829)
Jet Needle
J8-4FA01
Pilot Screw
1.0
Alternator Output
300 Watts @ 3000 rpm
Compression Ratio
9.78:1
Starting System
Electric
Carburetor
BST 34mm
Ignition System
CDI
Ignition Timing
34 BTDC @ 3500 RPM
Spark Plug / Gap
RC7YC / 0.9 mm / .035 in
Lubrication System
Pressurized Wet Sump
Driving System Type
4 Wheel Independent Shaft
120
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 700
Shift Type
Side Lever
(High, Low, Neutral, Reverse, Park)
Gear Reduction - Low
7.5/1
Gear Reduction - Reverse
5.11/1
Gear Reduction - High
2.89/1
Drive Ratio - Front:
3.82/1
Drive Ratio - Final
3.10/1
Tire Size - Front
25 x 8 - 12
Tire Size - Rear
25 x 11 - 12
Front Brake
Hydraulic Disc
Rear Brake
Hydraulic
Parking Brake
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
Headlight (watts)
1 - Single Beam on Handlebar (50)
2 - Single Beam on Grill (27)
Taillights (watts)
8.26
Brake Light (watts)
26.9
Instrument Cluster
LCD
Clutching and Jetting Charts
Altitude
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F
Below 5° C
+40°Fand above
+5°C to & above
Meters
(Feet)
0-1800
(0-6000)
175
162.5
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
150
140
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix*
0-1800
(0-6000)
20-56
PN 5631315
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White/Yellow
PN 7041635
EBS
PN 5132751
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
20-54
PN 5631214
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White/Yellow
PN 7041635
EBS
PN 5132751
EBS models require no helix / spring adjustment
121
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
Polaris Industries Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a
SIX MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the
Polaris All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against defects in material or
workmanship. Polaris also gives a one year limited warranty on the
final drive chain for failure due to defects. This warranty covers the
parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts
which are covered by this warranty. This warranty begins on the date
of purchase. This warranty is transferrable to another consumer during
the warranty period through a Polaris dealer.
REGISTRATION
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed
by your dealer and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt
of this registration, Polaris will record the registration for warranty.
THE PURCHASER MUST COMPLETE AN ATV SAFETY
TRAINING COURSE PROVIDED BY THE DEALER IN ORDER
TO HAVE VALID WARRANTY ON THE ATV. No verification of
registration will be sent to the purchaser as the copy of the Warranty
Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not
signed the original registration and received the customer copy, please
contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE
WILL BE ALLOWED UNLESS YOUR ATV IS REGISTERED
WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your ATV is very important in
ensuring trouble-free operation. Purchasing a machine in the crate or
without proper dealer set-up will void your warranty coverage.
122
WARRANTY
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused
by a defect in material or workmanship. This warranty does not cover
accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper handling.
This warranty also does not cover any ATV that has been altered
structurally, modified, neglected, improperly maintained, used for
racing, or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured,
or for any damages which occur during trailer transit or as a result of
unauthorized service or the use of unauthorized parts. In addition, this
warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress
cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion, or
defects in parts, components or the ATV due to fire, explosions or any
other cause beyond Polaris’ control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants,
chemicals, or fuels that are not compatible with the ATV. The
exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris’
exclusive option, repair or replacement of any defective materials, or
components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY
PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL
HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT,
NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states
do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages or implied warranties, so the above limitations or exclusions
may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
123
WARRANTY
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO THE ABOVE SIX MONTH WARRANTY PERIOD.
POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES
NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow
limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitation may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state
law.
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris
dealer authorized to repair Polaris ATVs. When requesting warranty
service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form
to the dealer. (THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION TO AND FROM
THE DEALER IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY). Polaris suggests that
you use your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris
Servicing Dealer to perform warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Should
your dealer require any additional assistance they will contact the
appropriate person at Polaris.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all
other warranty terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine
damage. We recommend the use of Polaris engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may
not be covered by warranty.
124
INDEX
A
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86-95
Age Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Air Filter Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
All Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . 43
Auxiliary Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
AWD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106-108
Battery Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Battery Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Battery Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Belt Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39, 41
Brake Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Brake, Auxiliary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Brake, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Brake, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Breather Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
C
Camber and Caster . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Carburetor/Idle RPM . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109-112
Clutching and Jetting Charts . 119, 121
Cold Weather Operation . . . . . . . . . 54
CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36-43
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
D
Diagnostic Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Driving in Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . 59
Driving Over Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . 65
Driving Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Driving Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57-67
Driving Through Water . . . . . . . . . . 64
E
Electrical Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engaging Front Gearcase . . . . . . . .
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Modifications . . . . . . . .
36
44
85
79
36
15
F
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44-49
Filter Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Front Gearcase Oil Change . . . . . . . 82
Front Gearcase Oil Check . . . . . . . . 82
Front Wheel Hub Tightening . . . . . 95
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Fuel Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
G
Gear Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
H
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Hauling Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55-56
Headlight Housing Replacement . . . 99
Headlight Lamp Replacement . . . . . 97
High Beam Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . 98
High Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
I
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 45-49
K
K-turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
L
Light Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97-100
Low Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Lower Headlamp Replacement . . . 100
Lubrication Recommendations . . 76-83
125
INDEX
M
S
Main Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
MAINTENANCE AND
LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . 69-112
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Making Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Maximum Towing Capacities . . . . . 55
Sidehilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Spark Arrestor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Spark Plug Replacement . . . . . . . . 101
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . 118-121
Starting a Cold Engine . . . . . . . . . . 53
Starting a Warm Engine . . . . . . . . . 54
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . 53-54
Steering Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109-112
Storage Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110-112
N
NOISE EMISSION CONTROL
SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
O
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Oil Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79-80
Oil Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . . 79-80
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50-67
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-35
Override Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
P
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Parking on an Incline . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Periodic Maintenance Schedule . 69-73
POLARIS-RECOMMENDED
PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Pre-Ride Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Premium 4 Synthetic Lubricant . . . . 78
Programmable Service Interval . . . . 48
PVT Drying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
PVT System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104-105
R
T
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . 5
Taillight/Brakelight
Lamp Replacement . . . . . . . . 100
Throttle Cable Freeplay . . . . . . . . . . 92
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Toe Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Transmission Oil Change . . . . . . . . 81
Transmission Oil Check . . . . . . . . . 81
Transporting the ATV . . . . . . . . . . 112
Traveling Downhill . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Traveling Uphill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Trip Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . 113-116
Turning Around on a Hill . . . . . . . . 63
U
USFS Approved Spark Arrestor . . . 68
V
Radiator Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . 85
Rear Gearcase Oil Change . . . . . . . . 83
Rear Gearcase Oil Check . . . . . . . . . 83
Rear Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Rider Information Center . . . . . . 46-49
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Vehicle Immersion . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
S
Warning, Read Owner’s Manual . . . 11
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122-124
WELCOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Wheel Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications . . 95
Wheel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Safe Riding Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Safety Decals and Locations . . . . . . 6-9
Safety Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Setting the Parking Brake . . . . . . . . 40
Side Panel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
126
W
WARNING
Improper vehicle use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH.
ALWAYS USE
AN APPROVED
HELMET AND
PROTECTIVE
GEAR
NEVER USE
ON PUBLIC
ROADS
NEVER CARRY
PASSENGERS
NEVER USE
WITH DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL
NEVER:
Operate without proper training or instruction.
Operate on public roads. A collision can occur with another vehicle.
Operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions.
Use ALCOHOL or DRUGS before or while operating this vehicle.
Carry Passengers.
ALWAYS:
Avoid paved surfaces, which may adversely affect handling and control.
Use proper RIDING TECHNIQUES to avoid vehicle overturns on hills
and rough terrain, and in turns.
Wear eye protection, helmet and protective apparel.
READ OWNER'S MANUAL.
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
Part No. 9918213 Rev 02
PRINTED IN THE USA