Polaris Outlaw 450 MXR LE User's Manual

WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
A card containing important ATV safety information should be attached to the
owner's manual on the next page. If you cannot locate this card, or if it has been
removed, please call 1-800-342-3764 for assistance.
Visit us at www.polarisindustries.com
1
POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2007 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product
information at the time of publication. Due to constant improvements in the design and quality of production
components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in
this publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference use only. No liability
can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
2008 Outlaw 450 S/525 S ATV Owner's Manual
P/N 9921184
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Welcome
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our world-wide family of
Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recreational products.
• Snowmobiles
• All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
• RANGER utility vehicles
• Victory motorcycles
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Welcome
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering,
design, and development of your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we've ever
produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the instructions and recommendations in this owner's manual. Your manual contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information about major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and
should be performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer (MSD) Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your total satisfaction. Be
sure to return to your dealership for all of your service needs during, and after, the warranty
period.
We also take great pride in our Parts, Apparel and Accessories (PAA) products, available
through our online store at www.purepolaris.com. Have your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
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Table of Contents
Know Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Emission Control Systems . . . . . 95
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Features and Controls . . . . . . . . 50
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Break-In Period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Pre-Ride Inspection . . . . . . . . . . 72
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
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Know Your Vehicle
As the operator of the vehicle, you are responsible for your personal safety, the safety of others, and the protection of our environment. Read and understand your owner's manual, which
includes valuable information about all aspects of your vehicle, including safe operating procedures.
Vehicle Identification Numbers
Record your vehicle's identification numbers and key number in the spaces provided.
Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. An ignition key can be duplicated only by
ordering a Polaris key blank (using your key number) and mating it with one of your existing
keys. The ignition switch must be replaced if all keys are lost.
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Know Your Vehicle
Vehicle Identification Numbers
1
2
Vehicle Model Number: ____________________________________________________________________
Frame Vehicle Identification Number (1): ______________________________________________________
Engine Serial Number (2):__________________________________________________________________
Key Number (on the key): __________________________________________________________________
7
Safety Decals
Warning decals have been placed on the vehicle for your protection. Read and follow the
instructions on each decal carefully. If any of the decals shown in this manual differ from the
decals on your vehicle, always read and follow the instructions of the decals on the vehicle.
If any decal becomes
Age 16
Discretionary
illegible or comes off,
Warning
Warning
contact your Polaris
dealer to purchase a
replacement.
Replacement safety
decals are provided by
Polaris at no charge.
The part number is
printed on the decal.
General
Warning
8
Sport ATV
Warning
General Warning
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE
INJURY OR DEATH.
Always use an approved helmet and protective
gear. Never use on public roads. Never carry
passengers. Never use with drugs or alcohol.
NEVER operate:
• without proper training or instruction
• at speeds too fast for your skills or the
conditions
• on public roads - a collision can occur with
another vehicle
• with a passenger - passengers affect balance
and steering and increase risk of losing control
Safety Decals
ALWAYS:
• use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle
overturns on hills and rough terrain and in
turns
• avoid paved surfaces - pavement may
seriously affect handling and control.
LOCATE AND READ OWNER'S MANUAL.
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND
WARNINGS.
IF OWNER'S MANUAL IS MISSING, CONTACT
A POLARIS DEALER FOR A REPLACEMENT.
7172560
9
Safety Decals
Age 16 Warning
Discretionary Warning
WARNING
Operating this ATV if you are under the age of 16
increases your chance of severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this ATV if you are under age
16.
• Never operate this ATV on HILLS steeper than
25 degrees
25°. To prevent flipover on
hilly terrain, use throttle and brakes gradually.
• REVERSE operation can be dangerous even
at low speeds. Steering becomes difficult. To
prevent flipover, avoid sudden braking or
sharp turns.
• PARKING BRAKE may relax when used for
more than 5 minutes. When parking on
grades, leave ATV in gear.
7172559
Sport ATV Warning
WARNING
This ATV may exceed the performance of other
ATVs you may have ridden in the past. This
category S (Sport) ATV is a high performance
vehicle for off-road use only, in sport type
recreation and competitive use by operators with
advanced skills and substantial experience.
7173837
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7173837
Safety Decals
No Passenger Warning
Tire Pressure/Load Warning
WARNING
NEVER ride as a passenger.
Passengers can cause a loss of control, resulting
in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH.
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR
OVERLOADING can cause loss of control,
resulting in SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH.
TIRE PRESSURE IN PSI (KPa): FRONT 4 (27.6)
REAR 4 (27.6)
MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY
215 LBS. (97.5 KG)
INCLUDES WEIGHT OF OPERATOR, CARGO
AND ACCESSORIES
Reduce speed and allow greater distance for
braking when carrying cargo. Overloading or
carrying tall, off-center, or unsecured loads will
increase your risk of losing control. For stability
on rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo.
Read Owner's Manual for more detailed loading
information.
7172566
No
Passenger
Warning
Tire Pressure
Warning
7174881
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Safety
Riding Gear
Always wear clothing suited to the type of riding. ATV
riding requires special protective clothing for comfort
and to reduce the chance of injury.
Helmet
Wearing a helmet can prevent a severe head injury.
Whenever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear a helmet
that meets or exceeds established safety standards.
Approved helmets in the USA and Canada bear a U.S.
Department of Transportation (DOT) label.
Approved helmets in Europe, Asia and Oceania bear the
ECE 22.05 label. The ECE mark consists of a circle surrounding the letter E, followed by the distinguishing
number of the country which has granted approval. The
approval number and serial number will also be displayed on the label.
12
Helmet
Eye
Protection
Long
Sleeves
Gloves
Long Pants
Boots
E4
051039
0006.31
Riding Gear
Safety
Eye Protection
Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. Whenever riding a Polaris
vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris
recommends wearing approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such
as VESC 8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE. Make sure protective eye wear is kept clean.
Gloves
Off-road style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and protection.
Boots
The best footwear is a pair of strong over-the-calf boots with low heels.
Clothing
Always wear long sleeves and long pants to protect arms and legs. Riding pants with kneepads and a jersey with shoulder pads provide the best protection.
13
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
Failure to follow the warnings in this manual can result in severe injury or death.
A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. This vehicle handles differently than
other vehicles such as motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during
routine maneuvers like turning, or driving on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper
precautions.
Read and understand the owner's manual and all warnings before operating a Polaris ATV.
Operator Restrictions/Age Restrictions
This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY. Operation is prohibited for anyone under 16
years of age. This category S (Sport) ATV is a high performance vehicle intended for off
road use only, for sport-type recreation and for competitive use by operators with advanced
skills and substantial experience.
14
Operator Safety
Safety Training
ATV safety training is a top priority for
Polaris. When you purchased your new
ATV, your dealer instructed you on the
authorized ATV RiderCoursesm available to
you and your eligible family members. This
training is included in the purchase price of
your ATV. Polaris strongly encourages you
and your age eligible family members who
will be riding the ATV to take the ATV
RiderCoursesm.
You were also provided with printed
materials that explain safe operating
procedures. You should review this
information on a regular basis.
Safety
If you purchased a used Polaris ATV, you
can take the ATV RiderCoursesm by calling
ATV Enrollment Express at (800) 887-2887
or by visiting www.atvsafety.org.
Purchasers of a used Polaris ATV will be
charged for this training.
A Polaris ATV is an off-road vehicle.
Familiarize yourself with all laws and
regulations concerning the operation of this
vehicle in your area.
Follow the recommended maintenance
program outlined in your owner's manual.
This program is designed to ensure that all
critical components on your vehicle are
thoroughly inspected at specific intervals.
15
Safety
Operator Safety
The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle.
Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with their
meanings before reading the manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the potential for injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may result in serious injury or death.
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may result in minor injury or damage to the
vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the vehicle.
NOTE:
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
16
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
Serious injury or death can result if you do not follow these instructions and procedures, which are
outlined in further detail within your owner's manual.
• Read this manual and all labels carefully.
Follow all operating procedures.
• Never operate an ATV without proper
instruction. Take a training course. Purchasers of a new Polaris ATV and age eligible family members are entitled to take
the ATV RiderCoursesm. Contact ATV
Enrollment Express at (800) 887-2887 or
visit www.atvsafety.org for information
on enrollment in the ATV RiderCoursesm.
• Never allow anyone under 16 years of
age to operate this ATV.
• Never permit a guest to operate the ATV
unless the guest has read this manual and
all product labels and has completed a
certified safety training course.
• Always avoid operating an ATV on any
paved surfaces, including sidewalks,
driveways, parking lots and streets.
17
Safety
Operator Safety
• Never operate an ATV on a public street,
road or highway, including a dirt or
gravel road.
• Never operate an ATV without wearing
an approved helmet that fits properly.
Always wear eye protection (goggles or
face shield), gloves, boots, a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket, and long pants.
• Never consume alcohol or drugs before
or while operating an ATV.
• Never operate at excessive speeds. Travel
at speeds appropriate for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your
experience.
18
• Never attempt jumps or other stunts.
• Never tow or pull an object behind the
ATV.
• Always inspect your ATV before each
use to make sure it's in safe operating
condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules outlined in your owner's manual.
• Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footpegs of the
ATV during operation.
• Always travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar terrain.
Be alert to changing terrain conditions.
Operator Safety
• Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain.
• Always follow proper turning procedures
as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to
turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speeds.
• Always have the ATV inspected by an
authorized Polaris dealer if it's been
involved in an accident.
• Never operate the ATV on hills too steep
for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice
on smaller hills before attempting larger
hills.
Safety
• Always follow proper procedures for
climbing hills. Check the terrain carefully
before ascending a hill. Never climb hills
with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight uphill. Never
open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go over the top
of a hill at high speed
• Always follow proper procedures for
going downhill and for braking on hills.
Check the terrain carefully before you
start down a hill. Shift your weight uphill.
Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid
going down a hill at an angle, which
would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to
one side. Drive straight downhill.
19
Safety
Operator Safety
• Always follow proper procedures for
crossing the side of a hill. Avoid hills
with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight uphill. Never
attempt to turn the ATV around on any
hill until you've mastered (on level
ground) the turning technique outlined in
this manual. Avoid crossing the side of a
steep hill when possible.
20
• Always use proper procedures if you stall
or roll backwards while climbing a hill.
To avoid stalling, maintain a steady speed
when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll
backwards, follow the special procedure
for braking described in this manual.
Always dismount on the uphill side, or to
either side if the ATV is pointed straight
uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount
following the procedure described in this
manual.
Operator Safety
• Always be careful of skidding or sliding.
On slippery surfaces like ice, travel
slowly and use extra caution to reduce the
chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
• Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to
operate over large obstacles, such as
rocks or fallen trees. Always follow
proper procedures when operating over
obstacles as described in this manual.
Safety
• Avoid operating the ATV through deep or
fast-flowing water. If it's unavoidable,
travel slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and
maintain a slow and steady forward
motion. Do not make sudden turns or
stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
• Wet brakes may have reduced stopping
ability. Test the brakes after leaving
water. If necessary, apply them lightly
several times to allow friction to dry out
the pads.
21
Safety
Operator Safety
• Always check for obstacles or people
behind the ATV before operating in
reverse. When it's safe to proceed in
reverse, move slowly and avoid turning at
sharp angles.
• Always use the size and type of tires
specified for your ATV, and always maintain proper tire pressure.
• Never modify an ATV through improper
installation or use of accessories.
• Never exceed the stated load capacity for
your ATV.
• Always remove the ignition key when the
vehicle is not in use to prevent unauthorized use or accidental starting.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product Safety
Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or visit www.cpsc.gov, visit www.atvsafety.org, or call
Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
22
Operator Safety
Safety
Equipment Modifications
We are concerned for the safety of our customers and for the general public. Therefore, we
strongly recommend that consumers do not install on a Polaris ATV any equipment that may
increase the speed or power of the vehicle, or make any other modifications to the vehicle for
these purposes. Any modifications to the original equipment of the vehicle create a substantial safety hazard and increase the risk of bodily injury.
The warranty on your Polaris ATV is terminated if any equipment has been added to the
vehicle, or if any modifications have been made to the vehicle, that increase its speed or
power.
NOTE: The addition of certain accessories, including (but not limited to) mowers, blades, tires, sprayers, or large racks, may change the handling characteristics of the vehicle. Use only Polarisapproved accessories, and familiarize yourself with their function and effect on the vehicle.
23
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not
know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on
different types of terrain.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the ATV
RiderCoursesm offered by Polaris through the SVIA. They should then
regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating
techniques described in the Owner's Manual.
For more information about the ATV RiderCoursesm contact ATV Enrollment Express at (800) 8872887 or visit www.atvsafety.org.
24
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the skill and experience recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury and/or death could occur if a beginner or inexperienced driver operates this ATV.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Only operators with advanced skills and substantial experience should operate this ATV.
25
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury and/or death could occur if a child under the minimum
age recommendation operates this ATV.
Even though a child may be within the recommended age group for
operating some ATVs, he/she may not have the skills, abilities, or
judgment needed to operate an ATV safely and could be susceptible to
accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
No one under the age of 16 should operate this ATV. Only operators with advanced skills and
substantial experience should operate this ATV.
26
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on an ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Carrying a passenger greatly reduces the operator's ability to
balance and control the ATV, which could cause an accident and
injury to the operator and/or passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The purpose of the long seat is to allow
the operator to shift position as needed during operation. It is not
intended for carrying passengers.
27
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating an ATV on paved surfaces, including sidewalks,
paths, parking lots, and driveways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATV tires are designed for off-road use. Operating on paved
surfaces may adversely affect the handling of the ATV and
could result in loss of control, accident, and/or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV on pavement. If it's unavoidable,
travel slowly and avoid sudden turns or stops.
28
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on any public street, road or
highway, including dirt and gravel roads. In many states
it's illegal to operate ATVs on public streets, roads and
highways.
29
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without wearing an approved helmet,
eye protection and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating an ATV without an approved helmet increases
the risk of a severe head injury or death in the event of
an accident.
Operating without eye protection could result in an
accident and could increase the chance of a severe
injury in the event of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved helmet that fits properly.
Always wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and
long pants.
30
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Consumption of alcohol and/or drugs could seriously affect
operator judgment. Reaction time may be slower and operator
balance and perception could be affected.
Consuming alcohol and/or drugs before or while operating an
ATV could result in an accident causing severe injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an
ATV.
31
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV at excessive speeds.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Excessive speed increases the operator's
chance of losing control of the ATV, which can
result in an accident causing severe injury or
death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate the ATV at a speed that's
proper for the terrain, visibility and operating
conditions, and your experience.
32
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident or
equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it
to make sure the ATV is in safe operating
condition. Always follow the inspection and
maintenance procedures and schedules
described in the Owner's Manual.
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting jumps and other stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Attempting stunts increases the chance of an accident,
including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt jumps or other stunts. Avoid exhibition
driving.
33
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Towing or pulling an object behind the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
A wagon, sled or other object towed behind an ATV
does not have brakes or steering. The object may
overturn or collide with other objects and cause
serious injuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never tow or pull an object behind the ATV.
34
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra caution when operating the ATV
on unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Unfamiliar terrain may contain hidden rocks, bumps, or
holes that could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on
unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain
conditions.
35
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra caution when operating on
excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain
could cause loss of traction or loss of control, which
could result in an accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose
terrain until you've learned and practiced the skills
necessary to control the ATV on such terrain.
Always use extra caution on rough, slippery or loose
terrain.
36
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper turns could cause loss of control
and lead to a collision or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for turning
as described in the owner's manual. Practice
turning at slow speeds before attempting to
turn at faster speeds.Never turn at excessive
speed.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide with an obstacle or
person, resulting in severe injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before shifting into reverse gear, always
check for obstacles or people behind the ATV.
When it's safe to proceed, back slowly.
37
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from the handlebars or feet from the
footpegs during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce ability to
control the vehicle or could cause loss of balance and
ejection from the ATV.
If the operator's foot is not firmly planted on the footpeg, it
could contact the rear wheels and lead to accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footpegs of the ATV during
operation.
38
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle may overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for
your abilities. Never operate the ATV on hills steeper
than 25 degrees
25°.
>25°
39
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper hill climbing could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described
in the Owner's Manual beginning on page 82.
Always check the terrain carefully before ascending any hill.
Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25 degrees
25°.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly while traveling uphill. The ATV could flip
over backwards. Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a sharp drop, or
another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the hill.
40
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Traveling downhill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly descending a hill could cause loss of control or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for traveling down hills as
described in the owner's manual. NOTE: A special
technique is required when braking while traveling downhill.
See page 88. Always check the terrain carefully before
descending a hill. Shift your weight backward. Never travel
down a hill at high speed. Avoid traveling down a hill at an angle, which would cause the vehicle to
lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill when possible.
41
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills and turning on hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly crossing or turning as hills could cause loss of
control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never try to turn the ATV around on any hill until you've
mastered the turning technique (on level ground) as
described in the owner's manual. See page 86. Use extra
caution when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of
a steep hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the owner's manual. Avoid hills with excessively
slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
42
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while
climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Maintain steady speed when climbing a hill
If all forward speed is lost: Keep your weight uphill. Apply the
front brakes gradually (right lever). When fully stopped, apply the
foot brake as well and then lock the parking brake.
If the ATV begins rolling backwards: Keep weight uphill. Never apply engine power. Never apply the
rear brake while rolling backwards. Apply the front brake slowly. When fully stopped, apply rear
brake as well, and then lock the parking brake. Dismount on uphill side, or to either side if pointed
straight uphill. Use the K-Turn to turn the ATV around and remount. See page 86.
43
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Skidding or sliding can cause loss of control.
If the tires regain traction unexpectedly, the
ATV could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
On slippery surfaces such as ice, travel slowly
and use extra caution to reduce the chance of
skidding or sliding out of control.
44
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating over obstacles could cause loss of
control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check for
obstacles.
Avoid operating over large obstacles such as
rocks and fallen trees when possible. If
unavoidable, use extreme caution and always
follow proper procedures as outlined in the
owner's manual.
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on frozen bodies of water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury or death can result if the ATV
and/or the operator fall through the ice.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of
water.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with
improper or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires, or operation of the ATV
with improper or uneven tire pressure, could
cause loss of control or accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type of tires specified
for the ATV. Always maintain proper tire
pressure as described in the owner's manual
and on safety decals.
45
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which could lead to an accident or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it's unavoidable to enter water that
exceeds the recommended maximum depth (see page 90), travel slowly, balance your weight
carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do not make
sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle changes.
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Always test the brakes after leaving water. If
necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the pads.
46
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading the ATV or carrying/towing cargo.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Overloading or carrying/towing cargo can
cause changes in vehicle handling, which
could lead to loss of control or an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never haul cargo or tow a load with this ATV.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this
ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV with improper
modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of the ATV may cause changes in
handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify the ATV through improper
installation or use of accessories. All parts
and accessories added to the vehicle must be
genuine Polaris Industries Inc. or equivalent
components designed for use on this ATV and
should be installed and used according to
approved instructions.
47
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle
requires good judgement and physical skills.
Persons with cognitive or physical disabilities
who operate this vehicle have an increased
risk of overturn and loss of control, which
could result in severe injury or death.
48
WARNING
Operating a damaged ATV can result in an
accident with serious injury or death. After any
overturn or accident, have a qualified service
dealer inspect the entire machine for possible
damage, including (but not limited to) brakes,
throttle and steering systems.
Safety
Operator Safety
WARNING
Exhaust system components are very hot
during and after use of the vehicle. Hot
components can cause serious burns and fire.
Do not touch hot exhaust system
components. Always keep combustible
materials away from the exhaust system. Use
caution when traveling through tall grass,
especially dry grass.
WARNING
Leaving the keys in the ignition can lead to
unauthorized use of the vehicle resulting in
serious injury or death. Always remove the
ignition key when the vehicle is not in use.
49
Features and Controls
Main Key Switch
Start Button
50
Engine Stop Switch
Main Key Switch
Features and Controls
The main key switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine. See page 75 for starting
procedures.
Start Button
Press the start button to engage the starter. Always release the start button promptly when the
engine starts.
NOTE: If the starter fails to engage, replace the blown fuse or see your Polaris dealer.
Engine Stop Switch
Move the stop switch either left or right to the OFF
position to stop the engine quickly. The engine will
not start or run when the switch is off.
NOTE: Both the main switch and the engine stop switch
will shut off all electrical power to the vehicle,
including lights.
OFF
RUN
OFF
51
Features and Controls
Lights
Indicator Lights
An illuminated light in the indicator
window will alert you to the following conditions.
• Hot engine
• Reverse gear is selected
• Neutral gear is selected
NOTE: If indicator lights fail to oper-
ate, check connections. See
your Polaris dealer for inspection of the capacitor and voltage regulator.
52
Hot Engine
Reverse
Neutral
Features and Controls
Lights
Headlights
WARNING
Operating the ATV on streets or roads, especially in darkness, could result in an accident and
serious injury or death. This vehicle is not equipped with highway-approved lights. It's designed for
and must be used for off-road use only. Use caution and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of
reduced visibility such as fog, rain and darkness.
Use the light switch to turn the lights on and off
and to switch the lights from high beam to low
beam.
NOTE: The lights won't work unless the key is in the
ON position and the engine stop switch is in
the RUN position.
53
Features and Controls
Clutch Lever
The hydraulic clutch lever is located on the left handlebar.
Squeeze the clutch lever toward the handlebar to disengage
the clutch. Disengage the clutch before shifting gears.
The clutch is self-adjusting, but lever position can be
changed to fit the operator’s hand. Turn the adjusting knob
counterclockwise to move the lever closer to the handlebar. Turn the adjusting knob clockwise to move the lever
away from the handlebar.
Adjusting Knob
NOTE: The adjustment range is limited. Never apply excessive force to the knob. Always turn the
knob manually.
Always check the lever for smooth operation before riding. If the lever does not operate
smoothly, check the fluid level at the master cylinder. See page 55.
If the lever begins to feel unresponsive, bleed the clutch system as outlined on page 152.
54
Clutch Fluid
The clutch fluid master cylinder is located on the
left handlebar. Check the fluid level in the reservoir
before each ride. The level should be 4mm below
the upper edge of the reservoir. Do not overfill.
Polaris recommends the use of KTM Hydraulic
Clutch Oil. Do not use brake fluid. Do not mix
clutch fluid with any other hydraulic fluids. See
page 186 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Turn the handlebar until the master cylinder is
in a horizontal position.
3. Remove the two cover screws, the cover and the
rubber boot.
4. Add the recommended fluid as needed.
5. Reinstall the cover, boot and screws securely.
Features and Controls
Screws
Cover
Boot
55
Features and Controls
Throttle Lever
WARNING
Operating with sticking or improperly operating throttle controls could cause an accident and lead to
severe injury or death. Never start or operate the vehicle with an improperly operating throttle.
Always contact your dealer for service if throttle problems arise.
Failure to check or maintain proper operation of the throttle system can result in an accident if the
throttle lever sticks during operation. Always check the lever for free movement and return before
starting the engine. Also check occasionally during operation.
The throttle lever is located on the right handlebar.
Squeeze the lever toward the handlebar to increase
engine speed and vehicle movement. Engine speed
returns to idle when the lever is released. See page 155
for throttle adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Fuel is injected into the intake passage each time
throttle is applied. Do not squeeze the throttle lever
while starting the engine. Do not squeeze the throttle
lever when the engine is stopped.
56
Throttle Lever
Features and Controls
Throttle Lever
This ATV is equipped with an Electronic Throttle Control (ETC), which is designed to
reduce the risk of a frozen or stuck throttle. If the throttle cable should stick in an open position when the operator releases the throttle lever, the engine will stop.
WARNING
The Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) stops the engine in the event of a throttle system malfunction
and is provided for your safety. Do not attempt to modify the ETC system or replace it with any after
market throttle mechanism.
57
Features and Controls
Foot Brake
The foot brake operates the rear brakes. The brake
pedal is located in front of the right-hand footpeg.
If the rear wheels slide while using the foot brake,
reduce brake pedal pressure to brake the wheels
without skidding.
Check the brake fluid level frequently for the foot
brake system. The reservoir is located under the
seat. Maintain the fluid level between the minimum
and maximum marks.
Check the rear brake light for proper operation
before each use of the vehicle. See page 132.
Footpeg
Foot Brake
WARNING
Aggressively applying the foot brake when backing down a hill may cause rear tipover, which could
result in serious injury or death. Use caution when applying the foot brake. Do not aggressively
apply the foot brake when going forward. The rear wheels may skid and slide sideways, causing
loss of control and serious injury or death.
58
Features and Controls
Hand Brake
The hand brake operates the front brakes. The
hand brake is located on the right handlebar.
Squeeze the brake lever toward the handlebar to
engage the front brakes. These brakes are
hydraulically activated disc type brakes.
Always test brake lever travel and master cylinder fluid level before riding. When squeezed, the
lever should feel firm. Any sponginess would
indicate a possible fluid leak or low master cylinder fluid level, which must be corrected before
riding. Contact your dealer for proper diagnosis
and repairs.
Hand Brake
WARNING
Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of braking, which could cause an
accident. Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
59
Features and Controls
Master Cylinder/Brake Fluid
Under normal operation, the diaphragm extends into the reservoir as fluid level drops. If the
fluid level is low and the diaphragm is not extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm
should be replaced. Always fill the reservoir as needed whenever the cover is loosened or
removed to ensure proper diaphragm operation. Do not overfill.
WARNING
An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake lock-up, which could result in serious
injury or death. Maintain brake fluid at the recommended level. Do not overfill.
WARNING
Never store or use a partial bottle of brake fluid. Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly
absorbs moisture from the air. The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to
drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the possibility of accident or severe injury. After
opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused portion.
60
Master Cylinder/Brake Fluid
Features and Controls
Check the brake fluid in the master cylinder before each ride. If the fluid level is low add
DOT 4 brake fluid only. Do not overfill. See page 186 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
NOTE: When checking the fluid level, the ATV must be on level ground with the handlebars straight.
Hand Brake Fluid Level
View the fluid level through the indicator window
on the side of the master cylinder. Maintain the
fluid level at or slightly above the mark near the
center of the sight glass. Do not overfill.
Foot Brake Fluid Level
The brake fluid reservoir is located under the seat.
Maintain the fluid level between the maximum
and minimum marks.
Fluid Level Mark
61
Features and Controls
Parking Brake
1. Place the transmission in first
gear.
2. Squeeze and release the brake
lever two or three times, then
squeeze and hold.
3. Push the parking brake lock
down to engage the lock.
Release the brake lever.
4. To release the parking brake
lock, squeeze and release the
brake lever. The lock will automatically disengage.
Unlocked
Locked
WARNING
Operating the ATV while the parking brake is engaged could result in an accident and serious injury
or death. Always check to be sure the parking brake is disengaged before operating.
62
Parking Brake
Important Safeguards
• The parking brake may relax if left on for
a long period of time. Always block the
wheels to prevent rolling.
• Always block the wheels on the downhill
side of the ATV if leaving it parked on a
hill. Another option is to park the ATV in
a sidehill position.
Features and Controls
• Never depend on the parking brake alone
if the ATV is parked on a hill. Always
block the wheels to prevent rolling.
• Place the transmission in first gear before
locking the parking brake.
63
Features and Controls
Manual Shift
Shift Pedal
The gear shift pedal is located in front of the left-hand footpeg. One
full stroke of the pedal shifts the transmission to the next gear in the
shifting sequence. The pedal automatically returns to a horizontal
position when released.
To upshift to a higher gear, place the toe of your boot under the gear
shift pedal and raise the pedal one full stroke.
To downshift, place your foot on the gear shift pedal and depress the
pedal one full stroke. See page 65.
Upshift
NOTE: To shift into reverse, see page 66.
WARNING
Shifting without releasing the throttle and disengaging the clutch
could cause loss of control or vehicle overturn. Always release the
throttle and fully squeeze the clutch lever while shifting gears.
64
Downshift
Manual Shift
Features and Controls
Shifting Gears
NOTE: Always allow a cold engine to warm up before shifting gears.
1. When starting from a stopped position, place the transmission in neutral.
2. Squeeze and hold the brake lever.
NOTE: Do not squeeze the throttle lever.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Squeeze the clutch lever to disengage the clutch.
Depress the gear shift pedal one full stroke to shift into first gear.
Release the brake lever.
Gradually squeeze the throttle lever while slowly releasing the clutch lever.
As engine speed (RPM) increases in first gear, simultaneously release the throttle, disengage the clutch and shift to second gear by raising the gear shift pedal one full stroke.
Repeat this procedure to progressively upshift to additional gears.
8. Use the same procedure to downshift.
65
Features and Controls
Manual Shift
Reverse Lock-Out Switch
The reverse lock-out switch prevents the
operator from shifting into reverse
unintentionally.
1. Place the transmission in first gear. See
page 64.
2. Push the lock-out lever forward toward
the handlebar to unlock the transmission.
3. Shift down into reverse gear.
NOTE: The lock will automatically re-engage
when the transmission is shifted out of
reverse gear.
66
Lock-Out Lever
Features and Controls
Manual Shift
Deceleration
To slow or stop the vehicle, release the throttle lever and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As the vehicle slows and engine RPM decreases, disengage the clutch and shift to a
lower gear.
NOTE: Be sure the engine RPM has sufficiently decreased before shifting to a lower gear.
WARNING
Improper use of the brakes, or shifting when the engine RPM is too high can cause the tires to lose
traction or stop rotating, which could lead to loss of control, accident, and injury. It could also cause
engine or drive train damage.
Make sure the engine RPM has sufficiently decreased before shifting to a lower gear.
67
Features and Controls
Choke
Choke Knob
The choke assists in starting a cold engine. The choke
knob is located on the left side of the carburetor. Refer
to the engine starting procedure on page 75 for correct
choke and throttle settings during starting.
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank filler cap is located directly below the
handlebar. Polaris recommends the use of 91 octane or
higher fuel. Do not use E-85 fuel.
Fuel Filter
The fuel valve has an internal fuel filter. Do not attempt to clean the fuel filter. See your
Polaris dealer for service if you suspect the fuel filter is plugged.
68
Fuel Valve
Features and Controls
The fuel valve is located on the left side of the ATV. It
has three positions:
OFF: For vehicle storage and when transporting.
ON: For normal operation.
RES: For reserve supply if main supply is exhausted.
NOTE: There's about a 5 to 8 mile (8 to 13 km) range on
reserve gas. Always refill the gas tank as soon as
possible after using the main supply.
Always return the valve to the ON position after refueling.
69
Break-In Period
Careful treatment of a new engine and transmission will result in more efficient performance
and longer life for both. The break-in period for your new Polaris ATV is the first three hours
of operation, or the time it takes to use 5-6 gallons (20 liters) of fuel. Do not allow engine
speed to exceed 7000 RPM during the break-in period. Follow the break-in period with an
additional 12 hours of cautious operation, with engine speed below 75% of capacity.
No single action on your part is as important as following the procedures for a proper breakin. Perform the following break-in and maintenance procedures carefully.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation will damage close-fitted engine
parts. Do not allow engine speed to exceed 7000 RPM during the first three hours of use.
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause serious engine damage. Always use the
recommended oil. Never substitute or mix oil brands.
70
Break-In Period
1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 74.
2. Check the oil level. Add the recommended oil as needed to maintain the oil level in the
proper range. See page 109.
3. Allow the engine sufficient time to warm up before operating.
4. Drive slowly at first. Select an open area that allows room to familiarize yourself with
vehicle operation and handling.
5. Vary throttle positions. Do not operate at sustained idle.
6. Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls and areas outlined on the daily pre-ride
inspection checklist. See page 72.
7. At the end of the break-in period (3 hours), change the engine oil and the long and short
oil filters. See page 110. Clean the oil screen and drain plug magnet.
CAUTION
Failure to perform the recommended break-in maintenance procedures can result in serious engine
damage. Change the oil and filters after the first three hours of operation.
71
Pre-Ride Inspection
WARNING
If a proper inspection is not done before each use, severe injury or death could result. Always
inspect the vehicle before each use to ensure it's in proper operating condition.
Pre-Ride Checklist
Brake systems / lever travel
Ensure proper operation
Page
58-63
156-157
Brake fluid
Ensure proper level
60
Clutch lever
Check for proper operation and adjustment
54
Clutch fluid
Ensure proper level
55
Suspension, front and rear
Inspect, lubricate if necessary
104
Steering
Check for free operation/loose components
--
Frame nuts, bolts, fasteners
Inspect, ensure tightness
--
Fuel and oil
Ensure proper levels
72
68, 109
Pre-Ride Inspection
Pre-Ride Checklist
Coolant (if applicable)
Ensure proper level
Page
119
Coolant hoses (if applicable)
Inspect for leaks
--
Throttle
Ensure smooth operation
56
Indicator lights / switches
Ensure operation
Engine stop switch
Ensure proper operation
52, 53
51
Air filter
Inspect, clean, replace as needed
122
Air box sediment tubes
Drain deposits when visible
Headlamp
Check operation, apply Polaris dielectric grease to
the socket when the lamp is replaced
129
Brake light / tail lamp
Check operation, adjust brake light switch
132
Riding gear
Wear helmet, goggles, protective clothing
12
A-arm ball joints
Check freeplay. If the tire moves excessively, do not
operate. See your Polaris dealer.
--
--
73
Operation
Fuel System
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
• Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
• Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
• Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling is performed or
where gasoline is stored.
• Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
• If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with soap and water and change
clothing.
• Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine exhaust fumes are poisonous and
can cause loss of consciousness or death in a short time.
• Turn the fuel valve off whenever the vehicle is stored or parked. See page 69.
• Make sure the vent line is in good condition and is routed properly.
74
Operation
Starting the Engine
The engine can be started when the transmission is in neutral, or while in gear if the clutch is
disengaged. If starting a warm engine, do not use the choke.
NOTE: Fuel is injected into the intake passage each time the throttle lever is depressed. Do not
depress the throttle lever while starting the engine. Do not depress the throttle lever when the
engine is stopped.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide and can cause loss of consciousness
resulting in severe injury or death. Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
CAUTION
Operating the ATV immediately after starting could cause engine damage. Allow the engine to warm
up for several minutes before operating.
75
Operation
Starting the Engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Shift the transmission to neutral.
Lock the parking brake.
Turn the fuel valve on.
Sit on the vehicle.
Disengage the clutch.
If the engine is cold, pull the
choke knob out until it stops. Do
not use the choke if starting a
warm engine.
7. Move the engine stop switch to
the RUN position.
8. Turn the ignition key to ON.
76
Choke Knob
Full On
Off
Starting the Engine
Operation
NOTE: If starting the engine while in gear, apply the hand brake and squeeze the clutch lever fully to
disengage the clutch. If starting the engine while in neutral, the neutral indicator light should
be on. If it isn't, disengage the clutch and shift the foot pedal to find neutral. See page 64.
9. Press the start button to start the engine. Activate the starter for a maximum of five seconds. Release the start button immediately when the engine starts.
NOTE: Fuel is injected into the intake passage each time the throttle lever is depressed. Do not
depress the throttle lever while starting the engine. Do not depress the throttle lever when the
engine is stopped.
NOTE: Excessive engagement may result in starter damage.
10. If the engine does not start, wait five seconds after releasing the start button, then activate the starter for another five seconds. Repeat until the engine starts.
NOTE: If the engine does not start, review the engine troubleshooting information beginning on page
188. If all conditions are favorable and the engine still does not start, see your Polaris dealer
for service.
11. Push the choke knob completely in.
12. Vary engine speed slightly with the throttle to aid in warm-up.
77
Operation
Driving Procedure
1. Sit upright with both feet on the footpegs and
both hands on the handlebars.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up.
3. Shift the transmission into gear. See page 64.
4. Check your surroundings and determine your
path of travel.
5. Release the parking brake.
6. Slowly depress the throttle with your right
thumb while slowly releasing the clutch lever to
begin driving.
7. Drive slowly. Practice maneuvering and using
the throttle, clutch and brakes on level surfaces.
78
Operation
Making Turns
Practice making turns at slow speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds.
WARNING
Turning at sharp angles or at excessive speeds can result in vehicle overturn and lead to serious
injury or death. Avoid turning at sharp angles. Never turn at high speeds.
Your ATV is equipped with a solid rear axle, which drives
both rear wheels equally at all times. The wheel on the outside
of the turn travels a greater distance than the inside wheel
when turning, and the inside tire slips traction slightly.
To turn, steer in the direction of the turn, leaning your upper
body to the inside of the turn while supporting your weight on
the outer footpeg. This technique alters the balance of traction
between the rear wheels, allowing the turn to be made
smoothly.
The same leaning technique should be used for turning in reverse.
79
Operation
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
WARNING
Failure to exercise care when operating on slippery surfaces can result in loss of tire traction and
cause loss of control, accident, and serious injury or death.
Never apply the brakes during a skid.
Do not operate on excessively slippery surfaces.
Always reduce speed and use additional caution, especially when downshifting.
80
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
Operation
Whenever riding on slippery surfaces such as
wet trails or loose gravel, or during freezing
weather, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down when entering slippery areas.
2. Maintain a high level of alertness, reading
the trail and avoiding quick, sharp turns,
which can cause skids.
3. Correct a skid by turning the handlebars in
the direction of the skid and shifting your
body weight forward.
81
Operation
Driving Uphill
WARNING
Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly terrain. Improper procedure could
cause loss of control or overturn and result in serious injury or death.
Avoid climbing steep hills (25° maximum).
Use extreme caution when operating on hills, and follow proper operating procedures outlined in the
owner's manual.
82
Operation
Driving Uphill
Whenever traveling uphill, follow these
precautions:
1. Always travel straight uphill.
2. Avoid steep hills (25° maximum).
3. Keep both feet on the footpegs.
4. Transfer your weight forward.
5. Proceed at a steady rate of speed and
throttle opening.
6. Remain alert and be prepared to take
emergency action. This may include
quick dismounting of the vehicle.
25° Maximum
83
Operation
Driving Across Hillsides
WARNING
Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills can result in loss of control or vehicle overturn, resulting
in severe injury or death. Avoid crossing the side of a hill when possible. Follow proper procedures
as outlined in the owner's manual.
84
Driving Across Hillsides
Operation
If you enter into a situation where sidehilling is unavoidable, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down.
2. Lean into the hill, transferring your
upper body weight uphill while keeping your feet on the footpegs.
3. Steer slightly into the hill to maintain
direction.
NOTE: If the vehicle begins to tip, quickly
turn the front wheels downhill, if
possible, or dismount on the uphill
side immediately!
85
Operation
Turning Around on a Hill
WARNING
Improper hill climbing procedures could cause loss of control or overturn and result in serious injury
or death. Avoid climbing steep hills (25° maximum). Use extreme caution when operating on hills,
and follow proper operating procedures outlined in the owner's manual.
If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill! One maneuver that can
be used when it's necessary to turn around while climbing a hill is the K-turn:
1. Keep your body weight uphill.
2. Pull in the clutch lever and apply the front and rear brakes.
3. When completely stopped, shut off the engine. Leaving the transmission in gear, release
the clutch lever and lock the parking brake.
4. Dismount on the uphill side of the vehicle, or on the left side if the vehicle is pointing
straight uphill.
5. Staying uphill of the ATV, turn the handlebars full left.
86
Turning Around on a Hill
Operation
6. Reach across the handlebar and apply the front
brakes to unlock the parking brake.
7. With the front brakes applied, pull in the
clutch lever. Use the brakes to slowly allow
the vehicle to roll around to your right until it's
pointing across the hill or slightly downward.
8 ft. (2.4 m)
8. With the front brakes still applied, release the
clutch lever and lock the parking brake.
Remount from the uphill side, keeping body
weight uphill.
9. Pull in the clutch lever, shift into neutral and
restart the engine.
10. Release the parking brake and slowly release the clutch lever, allowing the ATV to proceed slowly. Stay in first gear, using the brakes for additional speed control if necessary,
until more level ground is reached. Do not apply the brakes abruptly when driving downhill.
87
Operation
Driving Downhill
Whenever descending a hill, follow these
precautions:
1. Drive directly downhill.
2. Transfer your weight to the rear of the
vehicle.
3. Slow down.
4. Shift to the lowest gear possible while
maintaining a safe speed.
5. Apply the foot brake slightly to aid in
slowing.
WARNING
Excessive speed can cause loss of control and lead to serious injury or death. Always operate
slowly when traveling downhill.
88
Parking on a Hill or Incline
Operation
Avoid parking on a hill or incline if possible. If it's unavoidable, follow these
precautions:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Place the transmission in first gear.
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Always block the rear wheels on the
downhill side. See illustration.
5. Turn the fuel valve off.
89
Operation
Driving Through Water
Your ATV can operate through water with a
maximum recommended depth equal to the
level of the footpegs. Follow these procedures when operating through water:
1. Determine water depths and current
before crossing.
2. Choose a crossing where both banks
have gradual inclines.
3. Proceed slowly, avoiding rocks and
obstacles if possible.
4. After driving through water, dry the
brakes by applying light pressure to the
lever (while moving) until braking action
is normal. If you do not perform this procedure, your brakes may be ineffective.
90
Maximum Depth
Operation
Driving Through Water
Avoid operating your ATV through deep or fast flowing water. If the ATV is operated in
deeper water than recommended, it's critical to have it serviced as outlined in the maintenance chart beginning on page 97. Engine oil and all grease fittings need special attention.
CAUTION
Major engine damage can result if the vehicle is not thoroughly inspected after operation in water.
Perform the services outlined in the maintenance chart. If your vehicle becomes immersed or is
operated in water that exceeds the footpeg level, take it to your dealer for service before starting the
engine.
NOTE: Avoid operating the vehicle through deep or fast-flowing water. If you cannot avoid water that
exceeds the recommended maximum depth, go slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid
sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do not make sudden
turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle changes.
If your vehicle becomes immersed, and it's impossible to take it to a dealer before starting it,
follow the steps described on page 140. Have the vehicle serviced by your dealer at the first
opportunity.
91
Operation
Driving in Reverse
Follow these guidelines when operating in
reverse:
1. Back slowly.
2. Apply the brakes lightly for stopping.
3. Avoid turning at sharp angles.
4. Always avoid backing downhill.
5. Never open the throttle suddenly while
backing.
6. Always look left, right and behind the
ATV before backing.
92
Operation
Driving in Reverse
WARNING
Failure to use caution when operating in reverse can result in serious injury or death. Before shifting
into reverse, always check for obstacles or people behind the vehicle. Follow the reverse operation
procedures outlined in this manual.
This Polaris ATV is equipped with a reverse speed limiter. Do not operate at full throttle. Use
just enough throttle to maintain a desired speed.
CAUTION
Excessive throttle operation while in the speed limit mode may cause fuel to build in the exhaust,
resulting in engine popping and/or engine damage.
93
Operation
Driving Over Obstacles
Be alert! Look ahead and learn to read the terrain you're traveling on. Be constantly alert
for hazards such as logs, rocks and low hanging branches.
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result if your vehicle
comes in contact with a hidden obstacle. Not
all obstacles are immediately visible. Travel
with caution in unfamiliar terrain.
94
Noise Emission Control System
Emission Control Systems
Do not modify the engine, intake or exhaust components, as doing so may affect compliance
with U.S.A. EPA noise control requirements (40 CFR 205) and local noise level requirements.
Operation on Public Lands in the U.S.A.
Your Polaris vehicle has a spark arrestor that was tested and qualified to be in accordance
with the USDA Forest Service Standard 5100-1C. Federal law requires that this spark arrestor be installed and functional when the vehicle is operated on public lands.
Operation of off-road vehicles on public lands in the U.S.A. is regulated by 43 CFR 8343.
Violations are subject to monetary penalties. Federal regulations can be viewed online at
www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr/.
Electromagnetic Interference
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
This vehicle complies with European directives 97/24/EC and 89/336/EEC.
95
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
This engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system. Blow-by gases are forced back to
the combustion chamber by the intake system. All exhaust gases exit through the exhaust
system.
Exhaust Emission Control System
The emissions from the exhaust of this vehicle are controlled by engine design, including
factory-set fuel delivery and ignition. The engine and related components must be maintained at Polaris specifications to achieve optimal performance.
Engine idle speed is the only adjustment Polaris recommends that the operator perform. Any
other adjustments should be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer.
The emissions label is located on the front frame tube near the steering post.
96
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Maintenance
Routine inspection and service are critical to the performance and reliability of your high
performance engine. Failure to perform the recommended maintenance procedures outlined
in the Periodic Maintenance Chart will result in forfeited warranty coverage as well as
decreased performance and reliability of the vehicle.
The recommended service intervals are based on average riding conditions. Vehicles subjected to severe use must be inspected and serviced more frequently.
Severe Use Definition
•
•
•
•
•
Frequent immersion in mud, water or sand
Racing or race-style high RPM use
Prolonged low speed, heavy load operation
Extended idle
Short trip cold weather operation
97
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When inspection reveals the
need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris parts available from your Polaris dealer.
Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on page 209.
NOTE: Service and adjustments are critical. If you're unable to perform the required service and
adjustment procedures, have a qualified dealer perform these operations.
98
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a Q could result in component failure and lead to
serious injury or death. Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
Maintenance Chart Key
X Perform these operations more often under severe use.
E Emission-related service (Failure to conduct this maintenance will not void the
emissions warranty but may affect emissions.)
Q Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
z Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease or grease conforming to NLGI No. 2.
99
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Brake systems/brake fluid
Tires
Wheels/lug nuts
Frame fasteners
Coolant
Fuel
Engine oil
Transmission oil
Throttle
Clutch system/clutch fluid
Lights
Engine stop switch
Steering
100
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
--------------
Calendar
Pre-ride
Fuel Used
--------------
Remarks
Check each day before operating
the vehicle. Make adjustments as
needed. See the Pre-Ride
Checklist.
See
Page
72
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
E
X
E
Q
z
Air box sediment tubes
Headlamp
Tail lamp/brake lamp
A-arm ball joint
Rear shaft assembly
Oil and filter change
Oil screen/drain plug
Idle speed
Engine mounting bolts
Valve clearance
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
------
Pre-ride
3
Break-in
Remarks
Fuel Used
See
Page
in gallons (liters)
-----5 (20)
Check each day before operating
the vehicle. Make adjustments as
needed. See the Pre-Ride Checklist.
72
Change the oil and filters
Clean screen and plug magnet
Check idle speed setting
Check torque
Check; adjust
110
112
123
---
Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use
Emission-Related Service
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services
Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease
101
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
XE
X
X
E
E
102
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
Brake pad wear
Battery
Air filter
Oil and filter change
10
10
15
15
Monthly
Monthly
Weekly
6M
---26 (100)
Oil screen/drain plug
Idle speed
Engine mounting bolts
Shift lever bolt
Valve clearance
Clutches
Spark plug
15
15
15
15
15
30
30
6M
6M
6M
6M
6M
6M
6M
26 (100)
26 (100)
26 (100)
26 (100)
26 (100)
52 (200)
52 (200)
Remarks
Fuel Used
See
Page
in gallons (liters)
Inspect regularly
Check terminals; clean; test
Inspect; clean; replace as needed
Perform initial oil change after first
3 hours of operation.
Clean screen and plug magnet
Check; adjust as needed
Check torque
Check torque
Check; adjust
Check discs for wear
Replace
157
143
122
110
112
123
----135
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
General lubrication
45
3M
78 (300)
Carburetor float bowl
45
6M
78 (300)
QE
X
Throttle cable/ETC switch
Drive chain(s)
45
45
6M
6M
78 (300)
78 (300)
XQ
Brake pad replacement
Coolant strength
45
45
6M
6M
78 (300)
78 (300)
Xz
X
E
Q
z
Remarks
Fuel Used
See
Page
in gallons (liters)
Lubricate all fittings, pivots,
cables, etc.
Drain bowl periodically and prior
to storage
Inspect; adjust; replace as needed
Inspect daily; adjust; lubricate if
needed
See your Polaris dealer
Inspect strength seasonally
-125
155
160
-118
Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use
Emission-Related Service
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services
Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease
103
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
Remarks
Fuel Used
in gallons (liters)
Xz
Upper steering post (1)
45
6M
--
Xz
Xz
Front A-Arms (2)
Rear axle/eccentric (3)
45
30
6M
3M
---
Inspect; tighten fasteners; grease after
washing ATV/driving in water
Inspect; tighten fasteners; grease (also
after washing ATV or driving in water)
2
1
2
3
104
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours
Calendar
Clutch springs
Cam chain tensioner
Coolant system
Cooling system hoses
Radiator
60
60
90
90
90
12 M
12 M
12 M
12 M
12 M
104 (400)
104 (400)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
QE
Fuel system
90
12 M
156 (600)
E
Cylinder and piston
90
--
156 (600)
Piston pin circlip groove
90
--
156 (600)
X
X
E
Q
z
Remarks
Fuel Used
See
Page
in gallons (liters)
Check spring length (see dealer)
Check ratchet teeth for wear
Pressure test system annually
Inspect
Inspect; clean external surface;
change coolant every 2 years
Check for leaks at tank cap, lines,
fuel valve, filter, carburetor;
replace lines every two years
Inspect; measure; replace as
needed
Visual inspection for wear
---------
Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use
Emission-Related Service
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services
Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease
105
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
106
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Remarks
Hours
Calendar
Fuel Used
Compression ring
Oil scraper ring
90
90
---
156 (600)
156 (600)
Camshaft
Valve spring cap
Camshaft bearings
Valve springs
Valve seats/guides
Rocker arm rollers
Timing chain
Cam chain tensioner
Bearings (connecting rod,
balance shaft, crankshaft
main)
Crankshaft run-out
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
----------
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
156 (600)
Measure elongation; replace as needed
Check ratchet teeth for wear
Replace
90
--
156 (600)
Measure; adjust as needed
in gallons (liters)
See your dealer or refer to the Dealer
Service Manual; measure ring gap and
replace if at or below service limit
Visual inspection for wear
Visual inspection for wear
Replace
See your dealer or refer to the Dealer
Service Manual; perform measurements;
replace as needed
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
QE
QE
Q
Q
Q
Hours
Calendar
Oil pressure valve
Transmission
90
90
---
Ignition Timing
Clutch fluid
Jet needle/needle jet
Brake fluid
Spark arrestor
Front/rear wheel bearings
Toe adjustment
-90
180
180
300
300
Headlight aim
X
E
Q
z
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Remarks
Fuel Used
See
Page
in gallons (liters)
156 (600)
156 (600)
12 M
12 M
24 M
24 M
36 M
36 M
As required
As required
-------
Measure spring; replace as needed
Check entire transmission/bearings for
wear; replace as needed
Inspect; adjust as needed
Bleed as needed; change yearly
152
Replace
Replace
Clean out
138
Inspect; replace as needed
Inspect periodically; adjust when
158
parts are replaced
Adjust as needed
128
Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use
Emission-Related Service
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services
Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease
107
Maintenance
Engine Oil Recommendations
Always check and change the engine oil at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance
Chart beginning on page 97. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris PS-4 PLUS Performance
Synthetic 2W-50 4-cycle oil or a similar oil designed for use in 4-stroke manual clutch ATV
and motorcycle applications. See page 186 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
NOTE: Do not use Polaris PS-4 Performance Synthetic 10W-40 Oil. Always use 2W-50.
CAUTION
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause serious engine damage. Always use the
recommended oil. Never mix oil brands.
NOTE: If the ATV is used year-round, check the oil level frequently. A rising oil level could indicate the
accumulation of contaminates such as water or excess fuel in the bottom of the crankcase.
Water in the bottom of the crankcase can lead to engine damage and must be drained.
Change the oil immediately if the oil level rises.
108
Engine Oil Level
Check the oil level before each use of the vehicle. If the engine is cold, the oil level should be
visible at the lower edge of the sight glass. If the
engine is warm, the oil level should be visible
between the 1/2 and 3/4 levels in the sight glass.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. View the oil level through the sight glass on
the right side of the vehicle.
3. Remove the fill plug and add the recommended oil as needed.
4. Reinstall the fill plug.
Maintenance
Sight Glass
Fill Plug
Warm Level
Cold Level
109
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
CAUTION
If the ATV is left without oil in the system for extended periods, the oil pump may lose its prime,
which could result in engine damage. Do not allow the vehicle to be without oil and filter overnight.
Always replace the oil and filters within a few hours of draining the oil.
Always change the oil at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning
on page 97. Perform the initial break-in oil change after the first three hours of operation.
Always change both oil filters and clean the oil screens whenever changing oil.
NOTE: Change the oil more frequently on vehicles subjected to severe use.
110
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for two to three minutes. Stop the engine.
3. Place a drain pan beneath the crankcase. Remove the drain plug. Allow the oil to drain
completely.
CAUTION
Hot oil can cause serious burns to skin. Do not allow hot oil to contact skin.
4. Clean the crankcase sealing surface and the
drain plug (with magnet) thoroughly.
5. Replace the sealing ring. Reinstall the drain
plug. Torque to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
Drain
Plug
111
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
Cleaning the Short Oil Screen
Hex Plug
Front
Short Screen
View from bottom of vehicle
112
Engine Oil Change
Maintenance
Cleaning the Short Oil Screen
1. Insert a hex key into the plug at the bottom of the engine. See illustration on preceding
page.
2. Using a hammer, tap lightly on the key a few times to loosen the seal. Remove the plug.
3. Remove the short oil screen. Clean the screen components thoroughly and blow well
with compressed air.
4. Check the O-rings. If damaged, install new O-rings.
5. Reinstall the screen to the plug.
6. Lubricate the threads and reinstall the plug. Torque to 7.5 ft. lbs. (10 Nm).
113
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
Cleaning the Long Oil Screen
1. Remove the long screen plug, located
on the side of the engine near the engine
number.
2. Remove the oil screen. Clean the screen
thoroughly and blow with compressed
air.
3. Check the O-rings. If damaged, install
new O-rings.
4. Place the long oil screen on a pin-type
key or similar tool of about 12 inches
(300 mm) in length.
114
Plug
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
Cleaning the Long Oil Screen
CAUTION
An improperly installed oil screen will
function poorly and result in increased
engine wear. Install the screen securely at
the angle shown in the illustration.
5. Insert the tool through the opening and into the bore of the opposite engine casing wall.
Push the oil screen into the casing as far as possible. Remove the tool.
6. Reinstall the plug. Torque to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
115
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
Changing Oil Filters
1. Place a drain pan under the engine.
2. Remove the four oil filter cover screws (1).
Remove the covers.
3. Using circle clip (snap ring) pliers, pull the
oil filter inserts (2) out of the housing.
4. Thoroughly clean the engine casing, filter
covers and sealing surfaces of the O-rings.
Check the O-rings. If damaged, install new
O-rings.
5. Fill each oil filter with oil. Install the long
filter at the front of the filter box. Install the
short filter at the rear of the box.
116
1
2
Maintenance
Engine Oil Change
Changing Oil Filters
6. Grease the filter cover O-rings (3).
7. Reinstall the covers and the screws. Tighten
screws to 4.5 ft. lbs. (6 Nm).
8. Remove the oil fill plug (4). Add 40 oz. (1.2
liters) of the recommended engine oil (see page
108). Reinstall the fill plug.
9. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for at least one
minute to fully distribute the new oil. Stop the
engine.
10. Check for leaks at all threaded connections and
at the oil filter covers.
11. View the oil level in the sight glass. Add oil as
needed to maintain the level as recommended
(see page 109).
3
4
117
Maintenance
Engine Cooling System
The engine coolant level is controlled or maintained by the recovery system. The recovery
system components are the recovery bottle, radiator filler neck, radiator pressure cap and
connecting hose.
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine, we recommend that you
completely drain the cooling system every two years and add a fresh mixture of antifreeze
and water.
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/coolant or a 50/50 mixture
of high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/coolant and distilled water. See page 186
for the part numbers of Polaris products.
NOTE: Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with water.
NOTE: Always follow the manufacturer's mixing recommendations for the freeze protection required
in your area.
118
Engine Cooling System
Coolant Level
The recovery bottle is located on the right side of
the vehicle under the front fender. The fluid level
must be maintained between the FULL and ADD
marks on the side panel (when the fluid is cool).
As coolant operating temperature increases, the
expanding (heated) excess coolant is forced out of
the radiator, past the pressure cap, and into the
recovery bottle. As engine coolant temperature
decreases, the contracting (cooled) coolant is
drawn back up from the tank, past the pressure
cap, and into the radiator.
Maintenance
FULL
ADD
NOTE: Some coolant level drop on new machines is
normal, as the system is purging itself of
trapped air. Observe coolant levels and
maintain as recommended by adding coolant
to the recovery bottle.
119
Maintenance
Engine Cooling System
WARNING
Escaping steam can cause severe burns. Never remove the pressure cap while the engine is warm
or hot. Always allow the engine to cool before removing the cap.
Radiator Coolant Level
If the recovery bottle has run dry, inspect the level in the
radiator and add coolant if necessary. The radiator pressure
cap is located on the left side of the vehicle.
1. Remove the pressure cap.
2. Using a funnel, slowly add coolant as necessary
through the radiator filler neck.
3. Reinstall the pressure cap.
Pressure
Cap
NOTE: Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to function properly.
Contact your dealer for the correct replacement part.
120
Engine Cooling System
Maintenance
Cooling System Bleeding
Bleeding the cooling system is required only if the system has been drained for maintenance
and/or repair. Always allow the engine to cool sufficiently before removing the radiator pressure cap.
1. Remove the pressure cap.
2. Using a funnel, slowly add the recommended coolant. Fill the radiator to the bottom of
the filler neck.
3. Reinstall the pressure cap.
4. Start the engine and allow it to idle for five minutes, or until operating temperature is
reached.
5. Stop the engine.
6. After the engine has cooled, add additional coolant to refill the radiator to the bottom of
the filler neck.
7. Operate the vehicle for 20 minutes, allow the engine to cool, then recheck the coolant
level in the radiator. Add coolant as needed.
121
Maintenance
Air Filter Systems
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
122
Remove the seat.
Release the airbox cover clips and remove the cover.
Remove the wing nuts securing the filter to the airbox.
Pull the filter assembly out of the air box. Note the placement of the rubber ring for reinstallation.
Wash the filter in soapy water, then rinse and let dry.
Apply a commercially available foam filter lubricant to the foam filter.
Reinstall the rubber ring properly to the filter assembly, and reinstall the filter into the air
box.
Secure the wing nuts and reinstall the air box cover.
Check the boots for cracks, deterioration, abrasion, or leaks. Replace as needed.
Carburetor
Maintenance
Normal wear from engine vibrations may cause the carburetor to supply an overly rich fuel
mixture. Replace the jet needle and the needle jet after every 180 hours of operation.
Idle Speed
Carburetor idle adjustments affect engine starting behavior. A proper idle speed of 17001800 RPM will result in easier starting. If idle speed is unsatisfactory, make adjustments as
outlined on page 124.
123
Maintenance
Carburetor
Idle Speed
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Lock the parking brake. Place the transmission in
neutral.
3. Start the engine and allow it to idle for five minutes, or until operating temperature is reached.
4. Turn the idle adjusting wheel (1) until idle speed
reaches 1700-1800 RPM.
NOTE: If idle speed is unsatisfactory after performing this
procedure, see your Polaris dealer for information
about jetting changes.
124
1
Maintenance
Carburetor
Carburetor Draining
Drain the carburetor float bowl at the intervals outlined in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 97. Always
drain the bowl after exposure to wet conditions. Perform this
procedure when the engine is cool.
1. Turn the fuel valve off.
2. Place a suitable container under the carburetor to collect
drained fluid.
3. Remove the hex plug (1). Allow fluids to drain.
4. Reinstall the hex plug securely.
1
125
Maintenance
Carburetor Jetting
Carburetor re-jetting can be performed to compensate for altitude and/or temperature
changes. If the vehicle is to be operated at various altitudes and temperatures, certain adjustments can be made to improve its operation and driveability. Above 6000 feet (1800 m) the
engine air/fuel mixture becomes overly rich. An engine loses approximately 3% of its power
for each 1000-foot (305 m) increase in elevation. Although this power cannot be regained,
changes to the carburetor and drive system can be made to allow more efficient operation.
NOTE: Contact your dealer for altitude adjustments. Your dealer has the training and special tools
required to perform these modifications.
126
Maintenance
Lights
When servicing a halogen lamp, don't touch the lamp with bare fingers. Oil from your skin
leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp.
WARNING
Poor lighting while driving can result in severe injury or death. Headlight and taillight lenses become
dirty during normal operation. Wash the headlights frequently to maintain lighting quality.
Hot components can cause serious burns to skin. Do not service the headlamps until they've cooled
sufficiently.
127
Maintenance
Lights
Headlight Adjustment
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight approximately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a flat wall.
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of
the headlight and make a mark on the wall at the
same height.
3. Start the engine and turn the headlight switch to high
beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim on the wall. The most
intense part of the headlight beam should be aimed 2"
(5 cm) below the mark placed on the wall.
Pivot
Screw
NOTE: Include rider weight on the seat when measuring.
5. Loosen the pivot screw and adjust the beam to the desired position.
6. Tighten the screw and torque to 27 in. lbs. (3 Nm).
128
Maintenance
Lights
Headlight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the wire harness connector from
the back of the headlight.
2. On the left headlamp, grasp the bulb
housing and turn it counterclockwise to
remove the bulb. On the right headlamp,
turn the bulb housing clockwise to
remove the bulb.
3. Apply dielectric grease to the socket and
install the new bulb. Rotate firmly.
Left Lamp
Counterclockwise
Right Lamp
Clockwise
NOTE: The bulb must be positioned so the
harness installs into the lamp at outer
side.
4. Reinstall the connector to the back of the
headlight.
129
Maintenance
Lights
Headlight Assembly Replacement
1. Remove the wire harness connector from the
headlights.
2. Remove the front cab (see page 133).
3. Remove the small adjuster bracket. Install it on
the new lamp.
4. Remove the large pivot bracket and remove the
headlamp.
5. Install the new headlamp by inserting the outboard
pivot pin in the hole of the mounting tab on the
cab.
130
Large Pivot
Bracket
Small Adjuster
Bracket
Lights
Maintenance
Headlight Assembly Replacement
6. Install the adjuster bracket onto the inboard pivot pin of the headlamp. Adjust for
approximately 1/16" clearance between the bracket and the edge of the headlight.
Tighten the mounting screws. IMPORTANT: Be sure the bracket is 90 degrees to the
pivot pin so the lamp can move freely.
7. Install the adjusting screw, leaving it loose so the headlight can be adjusted.
8. Reinstall the front cab. Connect the wire harness to the headlamp.
9. Adjust the lamps as needed (see page 128), then tighten the adjuster screw.
131
Maintenance
Lights
Brake Light Adjustment
If your model is equipped with a mechanical brake light
switch, perform the following procedure to check the rear
brake light for proper operation before each use of the
vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition key on.
2. Lightly apply and release the foot brake several times.
A properly operating rear brake light will immediately flash on and off with each movement of the
brake pedal.
3. If the light does not operate properly, grasp the switch
body with a pliers or similar tool and hold it lightly,
but securely. Using a wrench, rotate the adjustment
nut clockwise to increase tension on the spring.
Switch
Body
Adjustment
Nut
Spring
NOTE: Rotate the adjusting nut counter-clockwise to decrease tension on the spring if the brake light
comes on when there is no pressure on the brake pedal.
4. Recheck and readjust as needed until the brake light operates properly.
132
Maintenance
Front Cab Removal
1. Remove the left and right cab mount screws (1).
2. Remove the wire harness connector from the cab.
The connector is located under the left fender.
3. Remove the fuel tank cover screws (2).
4. Remove the four side panel screws (3).
5. Gently pull the cab upward to disengage it from
the stand-off. Place the cab upside down on a soft
protective surface to prevent scratching.
2
3
1
133
Maintenance
Side Panel Removal
1. Unlatch and remove the seat. Remove the front cab.
2. Remove the two screws securing the side panel.
3. Remove the side panel.
Side
Panel
Screws
Rear Cab Removal
1. Unlatch and remove the seat.
2. Remove the two lower bolts (1) on the rear fenders of
the cab.
3. Remove the two bolts (2), washers and grommets (3)
on the top of the cab.
4. Remove the cab.
2
3
1
134
Maintenance
Spark Plugs
Refer to the specifications section beginning on page 182 for recommended spark plug type
and gap.
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs may result in serious engine damage and may void your
emission-related warranty. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug firing end condition
should be read after the engine has been warmed up and the vehicle has been driven at higher
speeds. Immediately check the spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear protective gloves when removing
a spark plug for inspection. Allow components to cool before continuing.
135
Maintenance
Spark Plugs
Normal Plug
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few combustion deposits.
The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indicates the proper type and heat range for the
engine and the service.
NOTE: The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates overheating, caused by use of an
improper spark plug or incorrect carburetor/throttle body adjustments.
Wet Fouled Plug
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing end. There may be a
carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the electrodes are not worn. General causes of
fouling are excessive oil, use of non-recommended oil, improper use of the choke, or incorrect carburetion adjustments.
136
Maintenance
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Removal
1. Access the spark plug at the right side of the
engine.
2. Using the spark plug socket and a wrench,
rotate counterclockwise to remove the spark
plug.
3. After reinstalling the spark plug, torque to
14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
Spark
Plug
137
Maintenance
Spark Arrestor Clean-Out
To remove accumulated carbon, clean the spark arrestor at the intervals recommended in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 97.
WARNING
Failure to heed these warnings could result in serious injury or death.
Do not perform clean-out immediately after the engine has been run, as the exhaust system
becomes very hot. Serious burns could result from contact with the exhaust components.
Wear eye protection and gloves.
Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas.
138
Maintenance
Spark Arrestor Clean-Out
Periodically clean the spark arrestor to
remove accumulated carbon.
1. Remove the retaining screw and remove
the arrestor from the end of the muffler.
2. Use a non-synthetic brush to clean the
arrestor screen. A synthetic brush may
melt if components are warm.
Arrestor
Screen
Muffler
NOTE: If necessary, blow debris from the
screen with compressed air.
3. Inspect the screen for wear and damage.
Replace a worn or damaged screen.
4. Reinstall the arrestor. Torque screws to
5-7 ft. lbs. (7-9 Nm).
Retaining
Screw
139
Maintenance
Vehicle Immersion
If your ATV has been submerged or overturned in water deeper than the footpeg level, it's
critical to dry it promptly and properly before starting the engine.
CAUTION
Do not start the engine after an ATV has been in water that exceeds the recommended depth.
Serious engine damage WILL occur. Tow or trailer the ATV to your dealer for service. In an
emergency, perform the temporary drying out procedure outlined below, which will allow short-term
operation only, to drive the ATV to a trailer or towing vehicle.
Do not perform the following procedures if you don't feel completely capable, or if you suspect that water has entered the fuel tank (likely if the water was deep or if the ATV overturned). Tow or trailer the ATV to your dealer for immediate service.
140
Maintenance
Vehicle Immersion
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn the fuel valve off.
Drain water from the air box and clean the air filter. See page 122.
Drain the carburetor bowl. See page 125.
Remove the spark plug. See page 137.
WARNING
Fluids will be ejected through the spark plug hole and may cause serious injury to face or other body
parts. Stand clear of the spark plug while performing the following steps.
5. Intermittently and briefly touch the starter button in half-second intervals to SLOWLY
rotate the engine three or four times. Water will eject from the spark plug hole.
(continued on following page)
141
Maintenance
Vehicle Immersion
6. Press and hold the starter button for 10 second intervals for about one minute or until
water vapor is no longer ejecting from the spark plug hole.
7. Check the oil level. If the level is higher than the pre-ride inspection level, water has
entered the crankcase. Do not start the engine. Transport the vehicle to your dealer for
inspection and service. If the oil level is unchanged from the pre-ride inspection level,
replace the spark plug, start the engine and move the ATV promptly to a trailer or towing
vehicle.
CAUTION
If water isn't removed promptly from a submerged ATV, rust will form in precision components,
gears, bearings, the cylinder and other areas and result in serious engine damage. Always see your
dealer promptly after an ATV has been submerged.
142
Maintenance
Battery
The sealed battery is already filled with electrolyte and has been sealed and fully charged at
the factory. Never pry the sealing strip off or add any other fluid to this battery.
Keep the battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. If cleaning is necessary,
remove the corrosion with a stiff wire brush. Wash with a solution of one tablespoon baking
soda and one cup water. Rinse well with tap water and dry off with clean shop towels. Coat
the terminals with dielectric grease or petroleum jelly.
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion and cause serious
injury or death. When removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first. When
reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative (black) cable last.
143
Maintenance
Battery Storage
Whenever the vehicle is not used for a period of three months or more, remove the battery
from the vehicle, ensure that it's fully charged, and store it out of the sun in a cool, dry place.
Check battery voltage each month during storage and recharge as needed to maintain a full
charge.
Battery Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
144
Remove the rear cab (see page 133).
Disconnect the hold-down strap securing the battery in position.
Disconnect the black (negative) battery cable first.
Disconnect the red (positive) battery cable last.
Lift the battery out of the ATV.
Battery Installation
Maintenance
NOTE: Always install a fully charged battery. Using a new battery that has not been fully charged can
damage the battery and result in a shorter life. It can also hinder vehicle performance. If
recharging is necessary, use a .5 amp battery charger.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place the battery in the battery holder.
Connect and tighten the red (positive) cable first.
Connect and tighten the black (negative) cable last.
Attach the hold-down strap.
Reinstall the rear cab.
Verify that cables are properly routed.
145
Maintenance
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
On a sealed battery, the sealing strip cannot be removed. Use a voltmeter or multimeter to
measure DC voltage. A fully charged battery will register 12.8 V or higher. If the voltage is
less than 12.8 volts, recharge the battery.
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion and cause serious
injury or death. When removing battery cables, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first.
When installing battery cables, always connect the negative (black) cable last.
The battery may be recharged without removing
it from the vehicle. Attach cables in the following
order:
1. Attach the positive (+) cable clamp to the
solenoid lead (directly wired to the battery).
2. Attach the negative (-) cable clamp to the
negative (-) battery terminal.
146
2. Negative (-)
Terminal
1. Solenoid Lead
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
Maintenance
NOTE: The Polaris Battery Tender battery charger can be left connected during the storage period
and will automatically charge the battery if the voltage drops below a pre-determined point.
NOTE: If the battery fails to recharge during vehicle operation, check voltage regulator connections.
See your Polaris dealer for inspection of the voltage regulator and generator.
When using an automatic charger such as the Polaris Battery Tender, refer to the manufacturer's instructions for recharging. When using a constant current charger, use the guidelines
on the following page for recharging.
WARNING
An overheated battery could explode, causing severe injury or death. Always watch charging times
carefully. Stop charging if the battery becomes very warm to the touch. Allow it to cool before
resuming charging.
147
Maintenance
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
NOTE: Always verify battery condition before and 1-2 hours after the end of charging.
Charge Time
State of
Charge
Voltage
Action
(Using constant current
charger @ standard amps
specified on top of battery)
100%
12.8-13.0 volts
None required
75%-100%
12.5-12.8 volts
50%-75%
25%-50%
12.0-12.5 volts
11.5-12.0 volts
None, check at 3 months from
date of manufacture
May need slight charge, if no
charge given, check in 3
months
Needs charge
Needs charge
0%-25%
11.5 volts or less
148
Needs charge with desulfating
charger
3-6 hours
5-11 hours
At least 13 hours, verify
state of charge
At least 20 hours
Maintenance
Tires
WARNING
Operating your ATV with worn tires, improperly inflated tires, non-standard tires or improperly
installed tires will affect vehicle handling and could cause an accident resulting in serious injury or
death.
Maintain proper tire pressure as described on the decal on your ATV and in the owner's manual.
Always use original equipment size and type when replacing tires.
Make sure the wheels are installed properly.
Always replace tires when the tread depth measures 1/8" (3 mm) or less.
Tire Tread Depth
Always replace tires when tread depth is
worn to 1/8" (3 mm) or less.
1/8" (3 mm)
149
Maintenance
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications
Check the wheel nut torques occasionally and when they've been loosened for maintenance.
Bolt Location & Size
Torque Specification
Front 3/8"
30-35 ft. lbs. (40-47 Nm)
Rear 3/8"
30-35 ft. lbs. (40-47 Nm)
Wheel Hub Tightening
Front wheel bearing tightness and spindle nut retention are critical component operations.
All service must be performed by your authorized Polaris dealer.
Wheel Removal
1.
2.
3.
4.
150
Stop the engine. Place the transmission in gear. Lock the parking brake.
Loosen the wheel bolts slightly.
Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand under the frame.
Remove the wheel nuts and remove the wheel.
Maintenance
Wheel Installation
WARNING
Improperly installed wheels can adversely affect tire wear and vehicle handling, which can result in
serious injury or death. Never install the rim with the valve stem to the inside of the vehicle. Always
ensure that all nuts are torqued to specification.
1. Place the transmission in gear. Lock the parking
brake.
2. Place the wheel on the wheel hub with the valve
stem toward the outside and rotation arrow on the
tire pointing toward forward rotation.
3. Install the wheel bolts and finger tighten them.
4. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
5. Securely tighten the bolts to specification. See
page 150.
Valve
Stem
151
Maintenance
Clutch System Bleeding
Always bleed the clutch system at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on
page 97. Always bleed the clutch system any time the
clutch lever feels unresponsive.
Always use the recommended fluid when bleeding
the clutch system. See page 55.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. Turn the
handlebar until the master cylinder is in a horizontal position.
2. Remove the two cover screws, the cover and the
rubber boot.
3. Fill a bleeder syringe (1) with the recommended
hydraulic clutch oil.
152
1
2
3
Clutch System Bleeding
Maintenance
4. Remove the bleeder screw (2) from the slave cylinder.
5. Press fluid into the system until the fluid runs out of the hole (3) in the master cylinder
without producing bubbles.
NOTE: Extract fluid from the master cylinder during the process to prevent overflowing.
6. When finished, remove the bleeder syringe.
7. Reinstall the bleeder screw.
8. Add or remove fluid as needed to maintain the level 4mm below the top edge of the master cylinder reservoir.
9. Reinstall the cover, boot and screws securely.
153
Maintenance
Throttle Lever Freeplay
Periodically check throttle lever freeplay.
Maintain freeplay between 1/16" and 1/8"
(1.5 - 3 mm).
If adjustments are needed, use the procedure
on page 155.
1/16" - 1/8"
(1.5 - 3 mm)
154
Maintenance
Throttle Cable Freeplay Adjustment
WARNING
Improper adjustment of throttle cable freeplay can result in loss of control, which could result in
serious injury or death. Polaris recommends that this procedure be performed by a Polaris dealer to
ensure that it's done correctly. Mechanically knowledgeable persons who perform this procedure
must follow the adjustment procedures exactly.
1. Locate the throttle cable at the handlebar.
2. Slide the boots off the inline cable adjuster
sleeve and loosen the locking nut.
3. Turn the adjuster until 1/16" to 1/8" (1.5-3 mm)
freeplay is achieved at the thumb lever.
NOTE: While adjusting freeplay, be sure to flip the
throttle lever back and forth.
Sleeve
Boot
Locking Nut
Boot
4. Tighten the locknut and slide the boots over the cable adjuster until they touch at the
midpoint of the adjuster.
155
Maintenance
Brakes
WARNING
An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake lock-up, which could result in serious
injury or death. Maintain brake fluid at the recommended level. Do not overfill.
Both brakes are self-adjusting, but the following checks are recommended to keep the brake
systems in good operating condition. Check more often if brakes are used heavily under normal operation.
156
Brakes
Maintenance
1. Always maintain brake fluid at the recommended level. See
pages 60-61.
2. Check the brake system for fluid leaks.
3. Check the brakes for excessive travel or spongy feel.
4. Check the friction pads for wear, damage and looseness.
5. Check the security and surface condition of the disc.
6. Inspect the rear brake disc spline and pad wear surface for
excessive wear.
NOTE: Pads should be changed when worn to 3/64" (1 mm).
3/64" (1 mm)
157
Maintenance
Toe Alignment
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result from improper toe alignment and adjustment. Do not attempt to
adjust tie rod alignment. All tie rod adjustments should be performed by an authorized Polaris
dealer.
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the vehicle. The vehicle is
designed for a neutral toe setting.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place the handlebars in a straight-ahead position. Use tie straps to secure the handlebars
to the rear grab bar so they can't move.
158
Toe Alignment
3. Tie a length of string between two stands as
shown in the illustration. Position the stands so
that the string is flush with the side of the rear
tire.
Maintenance
Stand
NOTE: If available, you may use a long straight-edge
instead of string.
4. Measure the distance from the string to the rim
at the front (1) and rear (2) of the front rim.
The rear measurement should be between 0"
and 1/16" (0-1.5 mm) more than the front measurement.
5. Repeat the measurement procedure on the
other side of the vehicle.
NOTE: If you discover improper alignment, see your
String
2
1
Polaris dealer for service.
159
Maintenance
Chain Tension Inspection
CAUTION
Never adjust or operate the vehicle with the rear drive chain too loose or too tight. Severe damage
to the transmission and drive components can result. Chain tension must be inspected with the
swing arm in the position shown in the illustration so that the axle, swing arm pivot and drive
sprocket are aligned horizontally (2).
Check the amount of chain slack by moving the
vehicle slightly forward to remove slack at the top
side of the chain.
NOTE: The chain has a press-on master link. A chain
tool must be used if it's necessary to remove
the chain for service.
160
3
1
2
Chain Tension Inspection
Maintenance
1. Collapse the suspension with an adjustable (buckle type) trailer tie down strap (1). Fasten the strap around the axle and rear bumper tube.
2. Tighten the strap until a straight line (2) can be drawn from the axle to the transmission
output shaft, intersecting the swing arm pivot. This establishes the tightest chain position.
3. At the center point of the chain (3) deflection should be 1/4" - 3/8" (6-9 mm). Use the
procedure on the following page if the chain needs adjustment.
161
Maintenance
Chain Tension Adjustment
1. Loosen the two eccentric locking bolts.
NOTE: Refer to the illustration on the following page.
2. Insert a pin punch into the eccentric axle housing.
3. Roll the vehicle slightly to adjust chain slack to the proper dimension.
4. Tighten the eccentric locking bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
162
Chain Tension Adjustment
Maintenance
Step 2
Step 1
Proper splicelink clip
opening position
163
Maintenance
Handlebar Adjustment
WARNING
Improper adjustment of the handlebars or incorrect torquing of the adjuster block tightening bolts
can cause limited steering or loosening of the handlebars, resulting in loss of control and possible
serious personal injury or death. Follow the adjustment procedures exactly, or see your Polaris
dealer for service.
The handlebars can be adjusted for rider preference.
1. Loosen the four handlebar bolts.
2. Adjust the handlebar to the desired height. Be sure the
handlebars do not contact the gas tank or any other part
of the machine when turned fully to the left or right.
3. Torque the two front bolts to 10-12 ft. lbs. (14-16 Nm),
then torque the two rear bolts.
NOTE: A gap of up to 1/8" (3 mm) will remain at the rear bolts.
164
Loosen
bolts
Steering Inspection
Maintenance
Check the steering assembly periodically for loose nuts and bolts. If loose nuts and bolts are
found, or if you notice any freeplay in the steering post, see your Polaris dealer for service
before operating the vehicle.
Camber and Caster
The camber and caster are non-adjustable.
165
Maintenance
Suspension Settings
Use a flat-blade screwdriver to make damping adjustments.
NOTE: When the adjuster screw is turned clockwise until it stops, the damping is in the fully closed
position.
Rear Shock (Standard and Limited Edition)
Setting
Compression Damping
Rebound Damping
Softest
Factory
Firmest
20 clicks from closed
10 clicks from closed
2 clicks from closed
24 clicks from closed
16 clicks from closed
2 clicks from closed
Front Shock (Limited Edition)
166
Setting
Compression
Softest
Factory
Firmest
20 clicks from closed
10 clicks from closed
2 clicks from closed
Maintenance
Front Suspension
Compression Damping (Limited Edition)
To adjust the front suspension compression damping, use the adjustment procedures outlined
for the rear suspension compression damping on page 171.
Spring Preload
The front suspension preload may be adjusted to suit different riding conditions and operator
weight. See page 168.
WARNING
Uneven adjustment may cause poor handling of the ATV, which could result in an accident and
serious injury or death. Always adjust both the left and right spring preloads equally or have your
Polaris dealer perform the adjustments.
167
Maintenance
Front Suspension
Spring Preload
1. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle off
the ground to allow the suspension to fully extend.
2. Turn the adjuster to the left (1) to increase preload for
a stiffer ride. Turn the adjuster to the right (2) to
decrease preload for a softer ride.
NOTE: See Suspension Settings on page 166.
1
Adjuster
168
2
Rear Suspension
The rear suspension spring preload, shock rebound damping
and shock compression damping may be adjusted to suit
different riding conditions and operator weight.
Spring Preload
1. Raise and safely support the rear of the vehicle off the
ground to allow the suspension to fully extend.
2. Loosen the jam nut and back it away from the adjusting
ring.
3. Turn the adjusting ring to the left (1) to increase preload. Turn the ring to the right (2) to decrease preload.
Maintenance
Jam
Nut
1
2
Adjusting
Ring
NOTE: See Suspension Settings on page 166.
4. Tighten the jam nut firmly against the adjuster ring.
169
Maintenance
Rear Suspension
Rebound Damping
Use a flat-blade screwdriver to make damping adjustments.
1. Locate the rebound damping clicker drum between the
lower spring seat and the lower shock mount.
2. Turn the clicker counter-clockwise (1) to decrease the
rebound damping. Turn the clicker clockwise (2) to
increase rebound damping.
NOTE: The rebound damping is factory set at 16 clicks from
fully closed. See Suspension Settings on page 166.
170
1
2
Clicker
Maintenance
Rear Suspension
Compression Damping
Use a flat-blade screwdriver to make damping adjustments.
The compression damping clicker is located on top of
the shock reservoir, under the right rear fender.
Turn the clicker clockwise (1) to increase compression
damping. Turn the clicker counter-clockwise (2) to
decrease compression damping.
2
Clicker
1
NOTE: The factory setting is at 10 clicks from fully closed.
See Suspension Settings on page 166.
171
Maintenance
Cleaning
Keeping your vehicle clean will not only improve its appearance but it can also extend the
life of various components.
CAUTION
High water pressure may damage components. Polaris recommends washing the vehicle by hand
or with a garden hose, using mild soap.
Certain products, including insect repellents and chemicals, will damage plastic surfaces. Do not
allow these types of products to contact the vehicle.
172
Cleaning
Maintenance
Washing the Vehicle
The best and safest way to clean your Polaris vehicle is with a garden hose and a pail of mild
soap and water.
1. Use a professional-type washing cloth, cleaning the upper body first and the lower parts
last.
2. Rinse with clean water frequently.
3. Dry surfaces with a chamois to prevent water spots.
173
Maintenance
Cleaning
Washing the Vehicle
Washing Tips
•
•
•
•
Avoid the use of harsh cleaners, which can scratch the finish.
Do not use a power washer to clean the vehicle.
Do not use medium to heavy duty compounds on the finish.
Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or reused cloths and
pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the finish.
174
Cleaning
Maintenance
Washing the Vehicle
If a high pressure water system is used for cleaning (not recommended), exercise extreme
caution. The water may damage components and could remove paint and decals. Avoid
directing the water stream at the following items:
• Wheel bearings
• Brakes
• Electrical components and wiring
• Cab and body panels
• Transmission seals
• Labels and decals
NOTE: If warning and safety labels are damaged, contact your Polaris dealer for free replacement.
Grease all zerk fittings immediately after washing. Allow the engine to run for a while to
evaporate any water that may have entered the engine or exhaust system.
175
Maintenance
Polishing
Polaris recommends the use of common household aerosol furniture polish for polishing the
finish on your Polaris vehicle. Follow the instructions on the container.
Polishing Tips
• Avoid the use of automotive products, some of which can scratch the finish of your vehicle.
• Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or reused cloths and
pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the finish.
176
Maintenance
Storage
CAUTION
Starting the engine during the storage period will disturb the protective film created by fogging and
damage could occur. Never start the engine during the storage period.
Exterior
Make necessary repairs and clean the vehicle as recommended. See page 172.
Battery Storage
Refer to pages 143-148 for battery storage and battery charging procedures.
177
Maintenance
Storage
Engine Oil
Change the oil and both filters. Clean the oil screens. See page 110.
Air Filter / Air Box
Inspect and clean (or replace) the air filter. Clean the air box. Drain the sediment tube.
Fluid Levels
Inspect fluid levels. Change fluids as recommended in the Periodic Maintenance Chart
beginning on page 97.
• Transmission Oil
• Engine Oil
• Coolant (test strength/fill)
• Brake Fluid
• Clutch Fluid
178
Storage
Maintenance
Stabilize the Fuel
1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
2. Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris Fuel Stabilizer. Follow the instructions on the container for the recommended amount.
NOTE: Carbon Clean removes water from fuel systems, stabilizes fuel and removes carbon deposits
from pistons, rings, valves and exhaust systems. It also prevents bacterial growth and promotes better starting after the storage period.
3. Start the engine and allow it to run for 15-20 minutes so the stabilizer can disperse
through the fuel in the tank and carburetor.
4. Stop the engine. Turn the fuel valve off.
5. Start the engine. Allow the engine to operate until it stops.
6. Drain the carburetor bowl. See page 125.
7. Remove the spark plug. Pour approximately 5 cc of engine oil into the cylinder through
the opening. Using the start button, rotate the engine several times to distribute the oil
onto the cylinder walls. Reinstall the spark plug. Torque to specification.
179
Maintenance
Storage
Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate all areas of the vehicle as recommended in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 97.
Storage Area/Covers
1. Make sure tire pressure is at specification.
2. Be sure the storage area is well ventilated.
3. Using suitable supports under the frame, raise the vehicle slightly so that the tires are not
touching the ground.
4. Cover the vehicle with an appropriate cover.
NOTE: Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent condensation, and may promote corrosion and oxidation.
180
Transporting the ATV
Maintenance
Follow these procedures when transporting the vehicle.
1. Stop the engine.
2. Place the transmission in first gear.
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Remove the key to prevent loss during transporting.
5. Secure the fuel cap, oil cap and seat.
6. Turn the fuel valve off.
7. Always tie the frame of the ATV to the transporting unit
securely with suitable straps or rope.
181
Specifications
Outlaw 450 S
Max. Weight Capacity
Dry Weight
Fuel Capacity
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Min. Turning Radius
Engine Oil Capacity
215 lbs./97.5 kg
365 lbs./166 kg
3.9 gal./14.8 l
71.5 in./182 cm
47 in./119 cm
45 in./114 cm
50.5 in./128 cm
5 in./13 cm
67 in./170 cm
1.9 qts./1.8 l
Pilot Jet
Main Jet
Needle Jet
Jet Needle
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Starting System
Carburetor
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Coolant Capacity
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
2.25 qts./2.1 l
ES45KLE
448 cc
89 x 72 mm
Spark Plug Type
Spark Plug Gap
Lubrication System
182
See your owner’s manual
supplement or your Polaris
dealer
200 w @ 3000 RPM
11:1
Electric
Keihin FCR-MX 39mm
CDI
25° +/- 3° @ 3500 RPM in
neutral
NGK DCPR8E
0.6 mm / .024 in.
Dry Sump/Internal Reservoir
Specifications
Outlaw 450 S
Driving System Type
Shift Type
Primary Ratio
Gear Ratio - 1st
Gear Ratio - 2nd
Gear Ratio - 3rd
Gear Ratio - 4th
Gear Ratio - 5th
Gear Ratio - Reverse
Rear Two-Wheel Drive
5-Speed Manual Shift
2.516
2.500
1.941
1.579
1.333
1.130
2.429
Tire Size - Front
Tire Size - Rear
Tire Pressure - All
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Parking Brake
Headlights
Taillights
Brakelight
20 x 6R10
18 x 10R9
4 psi/27.6 KPa
Hydraulic Disc, Dual Bore
Hydraulic Disc
Hydraulic lock, front wheel
2 Dual Beam (35w/35w)
LED
26.9w
Outlaw 450 S Jetting Chart
Please see your owner’s manual supplement or your Polaris dealer for jetting information.
183
Specifications
Outlaw 525 S
Max. Weight Capacity
Dry Weight
Fuel Capacity
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Min. Turning Radius
Engine Oil Capacity
215 lbs./97.5 kg
375 lbs./170 kg
3.9 gal./14.8 l
71.5 in./182 cm
47.5 in./121 cm
45 in./114 cm
50.5 in./128 cm
5 in./13 cm
67 in./170 cm
1.9 qts./1.8 l
Pilot Jet
Main Jet
Clip Position
Jet Needle
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Starting System
Carburetor
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Coolant Capacity
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
2.25 qts./2.1 l
ES51KLE
510 cc
95 x 72 mm
Spark Plug Type
Spark Plug Gap
Lubrication System
184
#45
#138
4
OBDVS
200 w @ 3000 RPM
11:1
Electric
Keihin FCR-MX 39mm
CDI
25° +/- 3° @ 3500 RPM in
neutral
NGK DCPR8E
0.6 mm / .024 in.
Dry Sump/Internal Reservoir
Specifications
Outlaw 525 S
Driving System Type
Shift Type
Primary Ratio
Gear Ratio - 1st
Gear Ratio - 2nd
Gear Ratio - 3rd
Gear Ratio - 4th
Gear Ratio - 5th
Gear Ratio - Reverse
Rear Two-Wheel Drive
5-Speed Manual Shift
2.516
2.500
1.941
1.579
1.333
1.130
2.429
Tire Size - Front
Tire Size - Rear
Tire Pressure - All
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Parking Brake
Headlights
Taillights
Brakelight
21 x 7R10
20 x 11R9
4 psi/27.6 KPa
Hydraulic Disc, Dual Bore
Hydraulic Disc
Hydraulic lock, front wheel
2 Dual Beam (35w/35w)
LED
26.9w
Outlaw 525 S Jetting Chart
ALTITUDE
Meters (Feet)
0-1800 (0-6000)
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F (Below 5° C)
Main Jet: 148
Needle Clip Position: #4
Main Jet: 138
Needle Clip Position: #3
+40°F and above (+5°C and above)
Main Jet: 138
Needle Clip Position: #4
Main Jet: 128
Needle Clip Position: #3
185
Polaris Products
Part Number
2876244
2876245
2871312
2871322
2871423
2871460
2871329
2872073
2872348
1350046
186
Description
Engine Lubricant
PS-4 PLUS Performance Synthetic 2W-50 4-Cycle Oil (qt.)
PS-4 PLUS Performance Synthetic 2W-50 4-Cycle Oil (gal.)
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season (3 oz.)
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
Starter Drive Grease (2 oz.)
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Chain Lube, Aerosol (6.25 oz.)
Chain Lube, Aerosol (16 oz.)
Rear Shaft Grease (30 g)
Polaris Products
Part Number
2871323
2871534
2871326
2870652
2872189
2876335
Description
Coolant
60/40 Coolant (gal.)
60/40 Coolant (qt.)
Additives / Miscellaneous
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
DOT4 Brake Fluid (12 oz.)
Hydraulic Clutch Oil (qt.)
187
Troubleshooting
See your Polaris dealer if you're unable to identify solutions using the following charts.
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Out of fuel
Solution
Turn the fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Water is present in carburetor or fuel supply
Clean carburetor and/or drain fuel system and refuel
Fuel valve is turned off
Turn the fuel valve on
Engine is cold
Use choke to start a cold engine
Interrupted fuel supply
Turn the fuel valve off; remove the fuel hose at the
carburetor and place in a drain pan; turn the fuel valve
on.
• If fuel leaks out, clean the carburetor.
• If no fuel leaks out, clean the fuel valve.
Clogged fuel valve or filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Fouled or defective spark plug(s)
Inspect and clean or replace plug(s)
Incorrect spark plug gap
Adjust gap to specification
188
Troubleshooting
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Solution
No spark to spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
See your Polaris dealer
Overuse of choke/flooded engine
Engage starter 2 times for 5 seconds each, then restart.
If engine fails to start, inspect, clean and/or replace
spark plugs.
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Ignition system or other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Throttle ETC switch not opening
Adjust throttle freeplay
The plug connection of the CDI-unit, pulse generator
or ignition coil has oxidized
Clean the plug connection and treat with contact spray
189
Troubleshooting
Engine Doesn’t Turn Over
Possible Cause
Solution
Fuseable link
See Polaris dealer for replacement
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Loose battery connections
Check all connections and tighten
Loose solenoid connections
Check all connections and tighten
Engine Pings or Knocks
Possible Cause
Solution
Poor quality or low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
190
Troubleshooting
Engine Backfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Weak, fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Exhaust leak
Inspect system for leaks; see your Polaris dealer
Incorrectly installed spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
191
Troubleshooting
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plug
Worn or defective spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plug
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Defective ignition system
See your Polaris dealer
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC or replace
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
192
Troubleshooting
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect idle adjustment
Adjust idle speed or see your Polaris dealer
Clogged idle jet
Disassemble carburetor and clean the jets
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
193
Troubleshooting
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Lean Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Low or contaminated fuel
Add or change fuel, clean the fuel system
Low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged fuel valve screen
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Rich Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fuel is very high octane
Replace with recommended octane fuel
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Plugged, dirty or wet air filter
Clean pre-filter, replace main filter as needed
194
Troubleshooting
Engine Fails to Reach High RPM
Possible Cause
Solution
Worn or dirty needle valve
Clean and/or replace needle valve
Loose carburetor jets
Tighten jets
Faulty ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Uses Excessive Oil
Possible Cause
Solution
Bent engine ventilation hose
Install a new hose
Excessive oil in system
Check oil level, maintain at recommended level
Use of non-recommended oil (too thin)
Replace with a recommended oil
195
Troubleshooting
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Turn the fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Interrupted fuel supply
Clean fuel system and carburetor
Clogged, dirty or wet air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Overheated engine
Clean radiator screen and core if equipped
Clean engine exterior
See your Polaris dealer
196
Troubleshooting
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
197
Troubleshooting
Engine Overheats
Possible Cause
Solution
Debris lodged in screen
Remove and clean the screen
Plugged radiator
Use a garden hose to flush any debris from the radiator fins. NOTE: High pressure washers can deform the
radiator fins and reduce cooling efficiency.
Insufficient coolant
Check levels and fill as needed; check for leaks
Insufficient air flow due to slow operation
Operate at a faster speed to increase air flow
Cooling system has not been bled
Bleed the cooling system
Foam has formed in cooling system
Drain and replace coolant with recommended coolant
Bent cooling hose
Shorten or replace hose
Defective thermostat or thermoswitch
See your Polaris dealer
Blown fan fuse or defective fan
Replace fuse and check fan for proper operation or see
your Polaris dealer
198
Troubleshooting
Engine Fails to Reach Full Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Interrupted fuel supply
Clean fuel system and carburetor
Float leaks
Replace the float
Clogged, dirty or wet air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Faulty exhaust system
Check system for damage; see your Polaris dealer
Valve gap is too small
Adjust valve gap
Faulty ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
199
Warranty
LIMITED WARRANTY
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a SIX MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY on all
components of the Polaris All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against defects in material or workmanship. Polaris also
gives a one year limited warranty on the final drive chain for failure due to defects. This warranty covers the parts
and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts which are covered by this warranty. This warranty
begins on the date of purchase. This warranty is transferable to another consumer during the warranty period
through a Polaris dealer.
REGISTRATION
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer and submitted to Polaris
within ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will record the registration for warranty. No verification
of registration will be sent to the purchaser as the copy of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty
entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration and received the “customer copy”, please contact your
dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE ALLOWED UNLESS YOUR ATV IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your ATV is very important in ensuring trouble-free operation. Purchasing
a machine in the crate or without proper dealer set-up will void your warranty coverage.
200
Warranty
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.
This warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper handling. This warranty also does not cover any ATV that has been altered structurally, modified, neglected, improperly maintained,
used for racing, or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured, or for any damages which occur
during trailer transit or as a result of unauthorized service or the use of unauthorized parts. In addition, this warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion, or defects in parts, components or the ATV due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond
Polaris' control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that are not compatible with
the ATV. The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris' exclusive option, repair or replacement of any defective materials, or components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS
WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or implied
warranties, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
201
Warranty
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO
THE ABOVE SIX MONTH WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS
WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
202
Warranty
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris ATVs.
When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer.
(THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION TO AND FROM THE DEALER IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY). Polaris
suggests that you use your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to perform
warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Should your dealer require any additional assistance
they will contact the appropriate personnel at Polaris.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris
engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered by warranty.
Spark Arrestor
Polaris warrants that the spark arrestor in this vehicle will meet the efficiency requirements of 43 CFR 8340.1(c)
for at least 1000 hours when subjected to normal use and when maintenance and installation are in accordance
with Polaris recommendations.
203
Warranty
EXPORTED VEHICLES
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING
DEALER'S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from Polaris Industries. Dealers
may not give authorization for export. You should consult an authorized dealer to determine this vehicle's warranty or service bulletin coverage if you have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer's authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
204
Warranty
EXPORTED VEHICLES
How to Get Service
In the country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you move or are traveling
within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs may be requested
from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased, you should take your
vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer photo identification from the country of the selling dealer's authorized location as proof of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be
authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the customs department of the
destination country before you move. Vehicles importation rules vary considerably from country to country. You
may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty
coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order to register your
vehicle in your new country.
205
Warranty
EXPORTED VEHICLES
How to Get Service
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally
purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind.
(Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the
vehicle was purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance:
United States: 1-888-704-5290
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
206
Warranty
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
This All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) or Off Road Utility Vehicle (ORUV) emissions limited warranty is in addition to
the Polaris standard limited warranty for this vehicle.
Polaris warrants that this vehicle is; (1) designed, built, and equipped to conform at the time of initial sale with
the requirements of 40 CFR 1051 and, (2) free from defects in materials and workmanship that may keep it from
meeting these requirements.
The emissions warranty period for this vehicle begins on the date the vehicle is delivered to the original retail purchaser and ends 30 months (2.5 years) after that date, after 5000 km (3100 miles), or after 500 hours of operation,
whichever comes first.
This emission-related warranty covers components whose failure would increase an engine's emissions, including
electronic controls, fuel injection, exhaust-gas recirculation, aftertreatment, or any other system utilized in this
vehicle to control emissions. Replacing or repairing other components not covered by this emissions warranty or
the standard warranty is the responsibility of the owner; including the parts, labor and other costs associated with
recommended maintenance.
207
Warranty
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
The exclusive remedy for breach of this limited warranty shall be, at the exclusive option of Polaris, repair or
replacement of any defective materials, components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS
WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION,WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO
THE WARRANTY PERIOD DESCRIBED HEREIN. POLARIS DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES
NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty
lasts, so the above limitation may not apply if it is inconsistent with the controlling state law.
This limited warranty excludes failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship. This limited warranty
does not cover damage due to accidents, abuse or improper handling, maintenance or use. This limited warranty
also does not cover any engine that has been structurally altered, or any engine that has been used in racing competition. This limited warranty also does not cover physical damage, corrosion or defects caused by fire, explosions or other similar causes beyond the control of Polaris.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact the Polaris Warranty Department at 1-888-704-5290.
208
Maintenance Log
Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your vehicle is serviced. This will provide you and
future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed.
DATE
SERVICE
INTERVAL
(HOURS)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
3 Hours
(Break-in)
15
30
45
209
Maintenance Log
DATE
SERVICE
INTERVAL
(HOURS)
60
90
210
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
Maintenance Log
DATE
SERVICE
INTERVAL
(HOURS)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
211
Maintenance Log
DATE
212
SERVICE
INTERVAL
(HOURS)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
Index
A
Age Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Air Filter Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
B
Battery
Charging. . . . . . . . . . . . 146-148
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . 144, 177
Bleeding the Cooling System . . . 121
Boots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60-61
Brake Light Adjustment . . . . . . . 132
Brake Maintenance . . . . . . . . 156-157
Brakes
Foot Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Hand Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . 62-63
Break-in Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-71
C
Cab Removal, Front . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Cab Removal, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Camber and Caster . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Carburetor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123-125
Carburetor Draining . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Carburetor Jetting. . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Chain Tension Adjustment. . 162-163
Chain Tension Inspection. . . 160-161
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172-175
Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Clutch Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Clutch Lever. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Clutch System Bleeding. . . . 152-153
Compression Damping. . . . . . . . . 167
Compression Damping, Rear . . . . 171
Consumer Product Safety . . . . . . . 22
Coolant Level, Radiator . . . . . . . . 120
Coolant Level, Recovery Bottle. . 119
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . 118-121
Cooling System Bleeding. . . . . . . 121
D
Deceleration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Driving Across Hillsides . . . . . . 84-85
Driving Downhill . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Driving in Reverse . . . . . . . . . . 92-93
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . 80-81
Driving Over Obstacles. . . . . . . . . 94
Driving Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Driving Through Water. . . . . . . 90-91
Driving Uphill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-83
E
Electronic Throttle Control . . . . . . 57
Emission Control Systems . . . . 95-96
Engine Idle Speed . . . . . . . . . 123-124
Equipment Modifications . . . . . . . 23
Eye Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
213
Index
F
Fluid
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60-61
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Foot Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Foot Brake Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . 61
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Fuel Stabilizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
G
Gloves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
H
Hand Brake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Hand Brake Fluid Level . . . . . . . . . 61
Handlebar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . 164
Headlight Adjustment . . . . . . . . . 128
Headlight Assembly . . . . . . . 130-131
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Helmet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
214
I-J-K
Idle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123-124
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Jetting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Jetting, Outlaw 425 S . . . . . . . . . .183
Jetting, Outlaw 525 S . . . . . . . . . .185
Key Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
K-Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
L
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-53, 127-132
Brake Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Headlight Adjustment. . . . . 128
Headlight Assembly . . 130-131
Headlights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . 52
M
Main Key Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Maintenance Chart. . . . . . . . . 97-107
Making Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Manual Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-67
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . 60-61
Modifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
O
Oil Change, Engine. . . . . . . . 110-117
Oil Level, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Oil Recommendations . . . . . . . . . 108
Operator Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Operator Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-49
P
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62-63
Parking on a Hill or Incline . . . . . . 89
Passenger Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Periodic Maintenance Chart . . 97-107
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Polishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Pre-Ride Inspection . . . . . . . . . 72-73
R
Rebound Damping, Rear . . . . . . . 170
Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Reverse Lock-Out Switch. . . . . . . . 66
Riding Gear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Index
S
Safety Decals
Age 16 Warning. . . . . . . . . . 10
Discretionary Warning. . . . . 10
General Warning . . . . . . . . . . 9
No Passenger Warning. . . . . 11
Sport ATV Warning. . . . . . . 10
Tire Pressure/Load Warning 11
Safety Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Severe Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Shift Pedal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Shifting Gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Side Panel Removal . . . . . . . . . . 134
Signal words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Spark Arrestor Clean-Out . . . 138-139
Spark Plug Removal . . . . . . . . . . 137
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135-137
Spring Preload. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Spring Preload, Front . . . . . . . . . 168
Spring Preload, Rear . . . . . . . . . . 169
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . 75-77
Steering Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . 165
S
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177-180
Suspension
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167-168
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169-171
Suspension Settings . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Switches
Engine Stop Switch. . . . . . . . 51
Main Key Switch . . . . . . . . . 51
Reverse Lock-Out Switch . . . 66
Start Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
T
Throttle Cable Freeplay . . . . . . . . 155
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56-57
Throttle Lever Freeplay . . . . . . . . 154
Tires
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Tread Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Wheel Hub Tightening . . . . 150
T
Toe Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . 158-159
Transporting the ATV . . . . . . . . . 181
Turning Around on a Hill . . . . . 86-87
V
Vehicle Immersion . . . . . . . . 140-142
W
Warranty, Emissions . . . . . . . 207-208
Washing the Vehicle . . . . . . . 173-175
Wheel Hub Tightening . . . . . . . . 150
Wheel Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Wheel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
215