Polaris Predator User's Manual

WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals
known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
A card containing important ATV safety information should be attached to the owner’s
manual on the next page. If you cannot locate this card, or if it has been removed,
please call 1-800-342-3764 for assistance.
We’ve created a web site just for YOU!
S
Technical tips
S
New product introductions
S
Event schedules
S
Parts and Service Manual information
S
Exciting details about The Way Out
Check it out...
www.polarisindustries.com/owner
1
Polaris, Polaris The Way Out, and Workmobiles are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2003 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product
information at the time of publication. Due to constant improvements in the design and quality of production
components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this
publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference use only. No liability can
be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse of the depictions and/or procedures contained
within, whether whole or in part, is expressly prohibited. Printed in U.S.A.
2
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our world-wide family of
Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recreational products.
Polaris Recreational Vehicles
S Snowmobiles
S All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
S Personal watercraft
S RANGER utility vehicles
S Victory motorcycles
Polaris Professional Series Workmobilest
S Utility Task Vehiclest (UTVs)
S Personal Task Vehiclest (PTVs)
S All-Surface Loaders (ASLs)
3
WELCOME
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles
manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering,
design, and development of your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever
produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the instructions and
recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your manual contains instructions for minor
maintenance, but information about major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual
and should be performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer (MSD)
Technician. Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your total
satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your service needs during, and
after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our Parts Apparel and Accessories (PAA) products, available
through our online store at www.purepolaris.com. Have your accessories and clothing
delivered right to your door!
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WELCOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
FEATURES AND CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
CLEANING AND STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
POLARIS PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
5
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
The frame vehicle identification number (VIN)(1) and engine serial number (2) are
important for model identification when registering your vehicle, when obtaining insurance,
and when ordering replacement parts. In the event your vehicle is stolen, these numbers are
essential to the recovery and identification of your vehicle.
Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be duplicated only by
mating a Polaris key blank with one of your existing keys. If both keys are lost, the ignition
switch must be replaced. See your Polaris dealer.
NOTE: Record your vehicle’s ID numbers and key number (3) in the spaces provided.
31XX
3
1
6
LH View
RH View
2
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
Frame VIN:
Vehicle Model Number:
Engine Serial Number:
Key Number:
7
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Warning decals have been placed on the ATV for your protection. Read and follow the
instructions of the decals on the ATV carefully. If any of the decals depicted in this manual
differ from the decals on your ATV, always read and follow the instructions of the decals on
the ATV.
If any decal becomes
illegible or comes off,
contact your Polaris
dealer to purchase a
C
replacement.
Replacement safety
decals are provided
by Polaris at no
charge. The part
number is printed on
the decal.
B
8
A
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
DNever
operate this vehicle on HILLS steeper than 25
degrees
25°. To prevent flipover on hilly terrain,
when going up or down, use throttle and brakes
gradually.
DREVERSE
operation can be dangerous, even at low
speeds. Steering becomes difficult. To prevent flipover,
avoid sudden braking or sharp turns.
Operating this vehicle if you are under
the age of 16 increases your chance
of severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this vehicle if you are
under age 16.
DPARKING
BRAKE may relax when used for more than 5
minutes. When parking on grades, leave ATV in gear.
7078253
WARNING
Location C
This ATV may exceed the performance of other ATVs you
may have ridden in the past. This category S (Sport)
ATV is a high performance vehicle for off-road use only,
in sport type recreation and competitive use by operators
with advanced skills and substantial experience.
7170906
Location A
IF OWNER’S MANUAL IS MISSING, CONTACT
A POLARIS DEALER FOR A REPLACEMENT.
E1997, 2000
7079083
Location B
9
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
G
7077920
Location E
F
H
I
E
D
10
Location F
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
ATTENTION
S
S
Location G
S
Operation of this vehicle without the air filter
element will severely damage the engine.
Clean pre-filter element often, more
frequent cleaning required in dusty
conditions. Do not operate vehicle
without pre-filter.
Operation of this vehicle without engine
breather filter(s) can cause engine
damage. Consult owner’s manual or dealer
for details.
S
Specific carburetor jetting and
adjustments are required depending on
temperature and altitude. See your Owner’s
Manual.
Factory setting:
40_ to 80_ F. at 0-3000 feet
(5_ to 27_ C. at 0-900 meters).
7079902
Location I (under seat)
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR OVERLOADING can cause loss of
control resulting in SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH.
TIRE PRESSURE IN PSI (KPa): FRONT 4 (27,6) REAR 4 (27,6)
MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY (Gross Vehicle Weight)
INCLUDING MACHINE, DRIVER AND CARGO IS 645 LBS. (293 kg).
Reduce speed and allow greater distance for braking when carrying cargo.
Overloading or carrying tall, off-center, or unsecured loads will increase
your risk of losing control. For stability on rough or hilly terrain, reduce
speed and cargo.
Read Owner’s Manual for more detailed loading information.
Location D
THIS VEHICLE IS AN ALL TERRAIN
VEHICLE AND IS NOT INTENDED FOR
USE ON PUBLIC ROADS.
CE VÉHICULE EST UN VÉHICULE TOUT
TERRAIN QUI NEST PAS DESTINE A
ETRE UTILISE SUR
LES CHEMINS
PUBLICS.
7170983
7171022
Location H
11
SAFETY
Safe Riding Gear
Always wear clothing suited to the type of riding. ATV
riding requires special protective clothing for comfort and
to reduce the chance of injury.
1. Helmet
Your helmet is the most important piece of protective gear
for safe riding. A helmet can prevent a severe head injury.
Select an approved helmet that meets or exceeds your
state’s safety standards and bears either the Department of
Transportation (DOT) label, the American National
Standards Institute label (ANSI z90.1), or the Snell
Memorial Foundation label.
1
2
3
5
4
12
Safe Riding Gear
SAFETY
2. Eye Protection
Do not depend on sunglasses for proper eye protection. A pair of goggles or a helmet face
shield offer the best protection for your eyes. They should be kept clean and be of
shatterproof design (bearing the markings z2.1 or VESC 8).
3. Gloves
Off-road style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and protection.
4. Boots
The best footwear is a pair of strong over-the-calf boots with heels, like moto-cross boots.
5. Clothing
Always wear long sleeves and long pants to protect arms and legs. Riding pants with
kneepads and a jersey with shoulder pads provide the best protection.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Failure to follow the warnings contained in this manual can result in severe injury or
death.
A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. This vehicle handles
differently than other vehicles. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during
routine maneuvers like turning, or driving on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take
proper precautions. Read and understand your owner’s manual and all warnings
before operating your Polaris ATV.
Operator Restrictions
This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY. Operation is prohibited for anyone under 16
years of age. This category S (Sport) ATV is a high performance vehicle intended for off
road use only, for sport-type recreation and for competitive use by operators with advanced
skills and substantial experience.
14
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Know Your Vehicle
As the operator of the ATV, you are responsible for your safety, the safety of others, and the
protection of our environment. Read and understand your owner’s manual, which includes
valuable information about all aspects of your ATV, including safe operating procedures.
Safety Training
When you purchased your new Polaris ATV, your dealer offered a hands-on safety training
course covering all aspects of vehicle safety. You were also provided with printed materials
that explain safe operating procedures, which you should review on a regular basis. If your
model is recommended for use by experienced operators only, you also received a safety
video. Be sure to view it before operating the ATV.
If you purchased a used Polaris ATV from a party other than a Polaris dealer, you can
request this free safety training from any authorized Polaris dealer.
A Polaris ATV is an off-road vehicle. Familiarize yourself with all laws and regulations
concerning the operation of this vehicle in your area.
Follow the recommended maintenance program outlined in your owner’s manual. This
program is designed to ensure that all critical components on the ATV are thoroughly
inspected at specific intervals.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following two pages identify signal words and symbols that appear in this manual.
Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with
their meanings before reading the manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the
potential for personal injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may result in serious injury
or death.
16
SAFETY
Operator Safety
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may result in minor personal
injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the
vehicle.
NOTE:
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Serious injury or death can result if you do not follow these instructions and
procedures, which are outlined in further detail within your owner’s manual.
S Read this manual and all labels carefully, and follow the operating procedures described.
S Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training course. Beginners
should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized Polaris ATV
dealer or call Polaris at 1-800-342-3764 to find out about the training courses nearest
you.
S Never allow anyone under 16 years of age to operate this ATV.
S Never permit a guest to operate the ATV unless the guest has read this manual and all
product labels and has completed a certified safety training course.
S Always avoid operating an ATV on paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways,
parking lots, and streets.
18
Operator Safety
SAFETY
S Never operate an ATV on a public street, road or highway, including a dirt or gravel road.
S Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved helmet that fits properly. Always
wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, a long-sleeved shirt or jacket,
and long pants.
S Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an ATV.
S Never operate at excessive speeds. Travel at speeds appropriate for the terrain, visibility
and operating conditions, and your experience.
S Never attempt wheelies, jumps or other stunts.
S Always inspect your ATV before each use to make sure it’s in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules outlined in your
owner’s manual.
S Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footpegs of the ATV during operation.
S Always travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Be
alert to changing terrain conditions.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
S Never operate on excessively rough, slippery, or loose terrain.
S Always follow proper turning procedures as described in this manual. Practice turning at
low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speeds.
S Always have the ATV inspected by an authorized Polaris dealer if it’s been involved in
an accident.
S Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller
hills before attempting larger hills.
S Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills. Check the terrain carefully before
ascending a hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift
your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes.
Never go over the top of a hill at high speed.
S Always follow proper procedures for going downhill and for braking on hills. Check the
terrain carefully before you start down a hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go
down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle, which would cause the
vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill when possible.
20
Operator Safety
SAFETY
S Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never
attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you’ve mastered (on level ground) the
turning technique outlined in this manual. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill when
possible.
S Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards while climbing a hill. To
avoid stalling, maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Always dismount on the uphill side, or to either side if the ATV is pointed straight uphill. Turn the
ATV around and remount following the procedure described in this manual.
S Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate
over large obstacles, such as rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures
when operating over obstacles as described in this manual.
S Always be careful of skidding or sliding. On slippery surfaces like ice, travel slowly and
use extra caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
21
SAFETY
Operator Safety
S Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it’s unavoidable, travel
slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow
and steady forward motion. Do not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden
throttle changes.
S Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test the brakes after leaving water. If
necessary, apply them lightly several times to allow friction to dry out the pads.
S Always use the size and type of tires specified for your ATV, and always maintain proper
tire pressure.
S Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
S Never exceed the stated load capacity for your ATV.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product
Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or call Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
22
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Equipment Modifications
We are concerned for the safety of our customers and for the general public. Therefore, we
strongly recommend that consumers do not install on a Polaris ATV any equipment that
may increase the speed or power of the vehicle, or make any other modifications to the
vehicle for these purposes. Any modifications to the original equipment of the vehicle
create a substantial safety hazard and increase the risk of bodily injury.
The warranty on your Polaris ATV is terminated if any equipment has been added to the
vehicle, or if any modifications have been made to the vehicle, that increase its speed or
power.
NOTE: The addition of certain accessories may change the handling characteristics of the
vehicle. Use only Polaris-approved accessories, and familiarize yourself with their function
and effect on the vehicle.
23
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator
does not know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on
different types of terrain.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Beginning and inexperienced operators should
complete the certified training course offered by Polaris. Operators should
regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating techniques
described in the owner’s manual.
For more information about the training course, contact an authorized ATV dealer
or call Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
24
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Failure to follow the skill and experience recommendations
for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Severe injury and/or death could occur if a beginner or
inexperienced driver operates this ATV.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Only operators with advanced skills and
substantial experience should operate this ATV.
25
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Severe injury and/or death could occur if a child under the
minimum age recommendation operates this ATV.
Even though a child may be within the recommended age group for operating some
ATVs, he/she may not have the skills, abilities, or judgment needed to operate an
ATV safely and could be susceptible to accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: No one under the age of 16 should operate a
Polaris ATV. Only operators with advanced skills and substantial experience should
operate this ATV.
26
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Carrying a passenger on
an ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Carrying a passenger
greatly reduces the operator’s ability to balance and
control the ATV, which could cause an accident and
injury to the operator and/or passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never carry a
passenger. The purpose of the long seat is to allow
the operator to shift position as needed during
operation. It is not intended for carrying
passengers.
27
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating an ATV on
paved surfaces, including sidewalks, paths,
parking lots, and driveways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: ATV tires are designed
for off-road use. Operating on paved surfaces
may adversely affect the handling of the ATV and
could result in loss of control, accident, and/or
injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Avoid operating
the ATV on pavement. If it’s unavoidable, travel
slowly and avoid sudden turns or stops.
28
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating
this ATV on public streets, roads or
highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: The ATV
could collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD:
Never operate the ATV on any public
street, road or highway, including dirt
and gravel roads. In many states it’s
illegal to operate ATVs on public
streets, roads and highways.
29
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating this ATV without
wearing an approved helmet, eye protection and
protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Operating an ATV without an
approved helmet increases the risk of a severe head
injury or death in the event of an accident.
Operating without eye protection could result in an
accident and could increase the chance of a severe
injury in the event of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always wear an
approved helmet that fits properly. Always wear eye
protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots,
long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
30
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating the ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Consumption of alcohol and/or drugs could seriously affect
operator judgment. Reaction time may be slower and operator balance and
perception could be affected.
Consuming alcohol and/or drugs before or while operating an ATV could result in
an accident causing severe injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while
operating an ATV.
31
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating the ATV at excessive speeds.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Excessive speed increases the operator’s chance of
losing control of the ATV, which can result in an accident causing severe injury or
death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always operate the ATV at a speed that’s
proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
32
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Attempting wheelies,
jumps and other stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Attempting stunts
increases the chance of an accident, including
an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never
attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts.
Avoid exhibition driving.
33
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Poor maintenance increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always inspect your ATV before each use to
make sure it’s in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and
maintenance procedures and schedules described in the owner’s manual.
34
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Removing hands from the handlebars or feet from the
footpegs during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Removing even one hand or foot can reduce ability to
control the vehicle or could cause loss of balance and ejection from the ATV.
If the operator’s foot is not firmly planted on the footpeg, it could come into contact
with the rear wheels and lead to accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always keep both hands on the handlebars and
both feet on the footpegs of the ATV during operation.
35
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Failure to use
extra caution when operating the ATV on
unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Unfamiliar
terrain may contain hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes that could cause loss of
control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Travel
slowly and use extra caution when
operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always
be alert to changing terrain conditions.
36
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Failure to use extra caution when operating on excessively
rough, slippery or loose terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Operating on excessively rough,
slippery or loose terrain could cause loss of traction or
loss of control, which could result in an accident
or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Do not
operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose
terrain until you’ve learned and practiced the
skills necessary to control the ATV on such
terrain. Always use extra caution on rough,
slippery or loose terrain.
37
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Improper turns could cause loss of control and lead to a
collision or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always follow proper procedures for turning as
described in the owner’s manual. Practice turning at slow speeds before
attempting to turn at faster speeds. Never turn at excessive speed.
38
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: The vehicle may overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or
for your abilities. Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25 degrees
25_.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills.
39
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Improper hill climbing could
cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always follow proper
procedures for climbing hills as described in the owner’s
manual. Always check the terrain carefully before
ascending any hill. Never operate the ATV on hills
steeper than 25_. Never climb hills with excessively
slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never
open the throttle suddenly while traveling uphill. The ATV
could flip over backwards. Never go over the top of any hill at
high speed. An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on
the other side of the hill.
40
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Traveling downhill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Improperly descending a hill
could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always follow proper
procedures for traveling down hills as described in the
owner’s manual. NOTE: A special technique is
required when braking while traveling downhill. See
page 84. Always check the terrain carefully before
descending a hill. Shift your weight backward. Never
travel down a hill at high speed. Avoid traveling down a hill at an angle, which
would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill
when possible.
41
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Improperly crossing hills and turning on hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Improperly crossing or turning
as hills could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never attempt to turn the
ATV around on any hill until you’ve mastered the turning
technique (on level ground) as described in the owner’s
manual. See page 82. Use extra caution when turning on
any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the owner’s
manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose
surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
42
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Stalling, rolling or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: The vehicle could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Maintain steady
speed when climbing a hill.
If all forward speed is lost: Keep your weight uphill.
Apply front brakes gradually. When fully stopped,
apply rear brake as well, then lock the parking brake.
If the ATV begins rolling backwards: Keep weight
uphill. Never apply engine power. Never apply the
rear brake while rolling backwards. Apply the front brake gradually. When fully
stopped, apply the rear brake as well, and then lock the parking brake. Dismount on
uphill side, or to either side if ATV is pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and
remount, following the procedure described in the owner’s manual. See page 82.
43
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Operating over obstacles could cause loss of control or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Before operating in a new area, check for
obstacles. Avoid operating over large obstacles such as rocks and fallen trees
when possible. If unavoidable, use extreme caution and always follow proper
procedures as outlined in the owner’s manual.
44
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Skidding or sliding.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Skidding or sliding can cause loss of control. If the tires
regain traction unexpectedly, the ATV could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: On slippery surfaces such as ice, travel slowly and
use extra caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
45
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control,
which could lead to an accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Avoid operating the ATV through deep or
fast-flowing water. If it’s unavoidable to enter water that exceeds the
recommended maximum depth (see page 87), travel slowly, balance your weight
carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward
motion. Do not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Always test the brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the
pads.
46
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or
uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Use of improper tires, or operation of the ATV with improper
or uneven tire pressure, could cause loss of control or accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Always use the size and type of tires specified for
the ATV in the owner’s manual. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in
the owner’s manual and on safety decals.
47
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating the ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Improper installation of accessories or modification of the
ATV may cause changes in handling, which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never modify the ATV through improper
installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to the vehicle
must be genuine Polaris Industries Inc. or equivalent components designed for
use on this ATV and should be installed and used according to approved
instructions. See your authorized Polaris ATV dealer for more information.
48
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Overloading the ATV or carrying/towing cargo.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Overloading or carrying/towing cargo can cause changes in
vehicle handling, which could lead to loss of control or an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never haul cargo or tow a load with this ATV.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
49
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD: Operating on frozen bodies of water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN: Severe injury or death can result if the ATV and/or the operator
fall through the ice.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD: Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water.
50
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Operating a damaged ATV can result in an accident with serious injury or death. After
any overturn or accident, have a qualified service dealer inspect the entire machine for
possible damage, including (but not limited to) brakes, throttle and steering systems.
WARNING
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and physical skills.
Persons with cognitive or physical disabilities who operate this vehicle have an increased
risk of overturn and loss of control, which could result in severe injury or death.
CAUTION
Exposure to the hot components could result in a fire. Always keep combustible
materials away from the exhaust system.
51
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Engine Electrical Switches
3
2
52
1
Engine Electrical Switches
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
1. Start Button - The start button engages the starter. Always
release the start button as soon as the engine starts.
2. Engine Stop Switch - The purpose of this switch is to
OFF
RUN OFF
provide the operator with a quick means of engine shutdown
in case of an emergency. The engine will not start or run
when the switch is in the OFF position.
3. Main Key Switch - To start the engine, the main key switch
2
must be in the RUN position.
NOTE: Both the main switch and the emergency engine stop switch will shut off all
electrical power to the vehicle, including lights. To stop the engine quickly, slide the stop
switch either right or left to the OFF position.
53
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Lights
2
1
3
1. Headlight HI/LO Switch
2. Neutral Indicator Lamp
3. High Temp Indicator Lamp
54
Light Switches
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
The light switch is located on the left handlebar. It’s used to turn the lights on and off and
to switch the lights from HI to LO. NOTE: The lights won’t work unless the key is in the
ON position and the engine stop switch is in the RUN position.
WARNING
Operating the ATV on streets or roads, especially in darkness, could result in an
accident and serious injury or death.
Your ATV is not equipped with highway-approved lights. It’s designed for and must be
used for off-road use only. Use caution and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of
reduced visibility such as fog, rain and darkness.
55
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
WARNING
Operating an ATV with sticking or improperly operating throttle controls could cause
an accident and lead to severe injury or death.
Never start or operate an ATV with a sticking or improperly operating throttle. Always
contact your dealer for service if throttle problems arise.
Failure to check or maintain proper operation of the throttle system can result in an
accident if the throttle lever sticks during operation. Always check the lever for free
movement and return before starting the engine. Also check occasionally during
operation.
Throttle Lever
Engine speed and vehicle movement are controlled
by pressing the throttle lever (1) toward the
handlebar. The throttle lever is spring loaded.
Engine speed returns to idle and the ATV will slow
down when the lever is released.
56
1
Electronic Throttle Control
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
This ATV is equipped with Polaris Electronic Throttle Control (ETC), which is designed to
reduce the risk of a frozen or stuck throttle. If the throttle cable should stick in an open
position when the operator releases the throttle lever, the engine will stop, and power to the
rear wheels will cease.
WARNING
The Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) stops the engine in the event of a throttle
system malfunction and is provided for your safety. Do not attempt to modify the
ETC system or replace it with any after market throttle mechanisms.
Clutch Lever
The clutch lever (1) is located on the left-hand
handlebar. Squeeze the clutch lever toward the
handlebar to disengage the clutch. Disengage the
clutch before shifting gears.
1
57
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Foot Brake
Your Polaris ATV has a foot pedal (1) that activates the rear
brakes. It’s located in front of the right-hand footpeg (2) and
is operated by the right foot.
If the rear wheels slide while using the foot brake, reduce
brake pedal pressure to brake the wheels without skidding.
Check the brake fluid level frequently for the foot brake
system. The reservoir is located behind the right side
panel. Maintain the fluid level between the MIN and
MAX marks.
1
2
WARNING
Aggressively applying the foot brake when backing down a hill may cause rear
tipover, which could result in serious injury or death.
Use caution when applying the foot brake. Do not aggressively apply the foot brake
when going forward. The rear wheels may skid and slide sideways, causing loss of
control and serious injury or death.
58
Brake Lever
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
1
The Predator ATV has a single brake lever for the front
2
3
brakes. It’s located on the right handlebar. The front
brakes are applied by squeezing the brake lever (1)
toward the handlebar. The front brakes are hydraulically
activated disc type brakes.
Always test brake lever travel and master cylinder fluid
level before riding. When squeezed, the lever
should feel firm. Any sponginess would indicate a
possible fluid leak or low master cylinder fluid level, which must be corrected before
riding. Contact your dealer for proper diagnosis and repairs.
WARNING
Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of braking, which
could cause an accident. Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
59
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Master Cylinder
The master cylinder (2) is located on the right-hand handlebar. The brake fluid level should
be checked before each ride. The fluid level can be seen through the indicator window (3)
on the top of the master cylinder. This eye will appear dark when the fluid level is full.
When fluid needs to be added, the eye will be clear.
NOTE: When checking the fluid level, the ATV must be on level ground with the
handlebars straight. If the fluid level is low add DOT 3 brake fluid only. Do not overfill.
See page 175 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
WARNING
Overfilling the master cylinder will result in brake failure. Without room to expand, the
excess fluid will cause the brakes to apply automatically, which could result in serious
injury or death. Always maintain the fluid level between the MIN and MAX marks.
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused portion. Never store
or use a partial bottle. Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture
from the air. The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to drop,
which can lead to early brake fade and the possibility of accident or severe injury. See
page 142.
60
Parking Brake
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
WARNING
Operating the ATV while the parking brake is engaged could result in an accident and
serious injury or death. Always check to be sure the parking brake is disengaged
before operating.
Setting the Parking Brake
1. Place the transmission in first gear or neutral.
2. Squeeze and release the brake lever (1) two or three
times, then squeeze and hold.
3. Push the park brake lock (2) forward to engage the
lock. Release the brake lever.
4. To release the parking brake lock, squeeze and release
the brake lever. It will return to its unlocked position.
2
1
61
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Parking Brake
Important Safeguards
S The parking brake may relax if left on for a long period of time. Always block the wheels
to prevent rolling.
S Always block the wheels on the downhill side of the ATV if leaving it parked on a hill.
Another option is to park the ATV in a sidehill position.
S Never depend on the parking brake alone if the ATV is parked on a hill. Always block
the wheels to prevent rolling.
S Place the transmission in first gear or neutral before locking the park brake.
62
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve (1) is located under the fuel tank on the left
side of the ATV. It has three positions:
OFF: For vehicle storage and when transporting.
ON: For normal operation.
RES: For reserve supply if main supply is exhausted.
NOTE: There’s about a 5 to 8 mile (8 to 13 km) range on reserve
gas. Always refill the gas tank as soon as possible after using the
main supply.
Always return the valve to the ON position after refueling.
RES
RES
OFF
RES
OFF
ON
FUEL
1
OFF
ON
FUEL
ON
FUEL
63
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank filler cap is located directly below the handlebar. Use either leaded or
unleaded gasoline with a minimum pump octane number of 87=(R+ M/2) octane.
Fuel Filter
The fuel valve has an internal fuel filter. Do not attempt to clean the fuel filter. See your
Polaris dealer for service if you suspect the fuel filter is plugged.
Choke
The choke assists in starting a cold engine. Refer to the
engine starting procedure on page 74 for correct choke and
throttle settings during starting. The choke is fully on when
the choke knob (1) is pulled completely out. The choke is
off when the knob is pushed completely in.
64
1
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Manual Shift
Shift Pedal
The gear shift pedal is located in front of the left-hand
footpeg. One full stroke of the pedal shifts the transmission
to the next gear in the shifting sequence. The pedal
automatically returns to a horizontal position when released.
To upshift to a higher gear, place the toe of your boot under
the gear shift pedal and raise the pedal one full stroke. To
downshift, place your foot on the gear shift pedal and
depress the pedal one full stroke. See page 67.
WARNING
Shifting without releasing the throttle and disengaging
the clutch could cause loss of control or vehicle overturn.
Always release the throttle and fully squeeze the clutch
lever while shifting gears.
65
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Manual Shift
The engine can be started when the transmission is in neutral, or while in gear if the clutch
is disengaged.
Place the stop switch in the RUN position, then turn the key to ON.
If starting while in neutral, the neutral indicator light should be on. If it isn’t, disengage the
clutch (squeeze the clutch lever fully) and shift the foot pedal to find neutral. See page 65.
When the vehicle is in neutral, press the start button to start the engine.
If starting the engine while in gear:
1. Apply the hand brake.
2. Squeeze the clutch lever fully to disengage the clutch.
3. Press the start button to start the engine. Release the start button immediately when the
engine starts.
66
Manual Shift
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Shifting Gears
NOTE: Always allow the engine to warm up before shifting gears.
1. When starting from a stopped position with the transmission in neutral, squeeze and
hold the brake lever.
2. With the throttle closed (not depressed), squeeze the clutch lever to disengage the
clutch. Depress the gear shift pedal one full stroke to shift into first gear.
3. Release the brake lever. Increase engine speed by gradually opening the throttle
(squeezing the throttle lever) while slowly releasing the clutch lever.
4. As engine speed (RPM) increases in first gear, simultaneously release the throttle,
disengage the clutch and shift to second gear by raising the gear shift pedal one full
stroke. Repeat this procedure to progressively upshift to additional gears.
5. Use the same procedure to downshift.
67
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Manual Shift
Deceleration
To slow or stop the ATV, release the throttle lever and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As the vehicle slows and engine RPM decreases, disengage the clutch and shift to a
lower gear. NOTE: Be sure the engine RPM has sufficiently decreased before shifting to a
lower gear.
WARNING
Improper use of the brakes, or shifting when the engine RPM is too high can cause
the tires to lose traction or stop rotating, which could lead to loss of control, accident,
and injury. It could also cause engine or drive train damage.
Make sure the engine RPM has sufficiently decreased before shifting to a lower gear.
68
OPERATION
Fuel Safety
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
S Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
S Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
S Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling
S
S
S
S
S
is performed or where gasoline is stored.
Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with soap and
water and change clothing.
Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine exhaust fumes are
poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or death in a short time.
Turn the fuel valve off whenever the ATV is stored or parked.
Make sure the vent line is in good condition and is routed properly.
69
OPERATION
Break-In Period
Careful treatment of a new engine and transmission will result in more efficient
performance and longer life for both. The break-in period for your new Polaris Predator is
defined as the first one hour of operation (followed by an additional two hours of cautious
operation), or the time it takes to use the first full tank of gasoline. No single action on
your part is as important as following the procedures for a proper break-in. Perform the
following procedures carefully.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation may damage
close-fitted engine and transmission parts. Do not operate at full throttle or high speeds
for extended periods during the first three hours of use.
Use of any lubricants other than those recommended by Polaris may cause serious
engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris lubricants for your vehicle.
70
Break-In Period
OPERATION
1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 64.
2. Check the oil level on the dipstick. See page 105. Add oil if necessary to maintain the
level between the safe and add marks.
3. Allow the engine sufficient time to warm up before operating.
4. Drive slowly at first. Select an open area that allows room to familiarize yourself with
vehicle operation and handling.
5. Vary the throttle positions. Do not operate at sustained idle.
6. Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls and areas outlined on the daily pre-ride
inspection checklist. See page 72.
7. During the break-in period, change both the oil and the filter after one hour of
operation, or after using the first tank of fuel.
71
OPERATION
Pre-Ride Inspection
WARNING
If a proper inspection is not done before each use, severe injury or death could result.
Always inspect the vehicle before each use to ensure it’s in proper operating condition.
Use the following checklist to verify that your vehicle is in proper working condition
before each use.
Item/Inspection Procedure
1. Fuel tank and engine oil level - Fill both to their proper levels. See page 105.
2. Engine coolant - Check for proper level at the recovery bottle. See page 115.
3. All brakes - Check operation, adjustment and fluid levels (includes foot brake). See
page 143.
4. Clutch Lever - Check for proper operation and correct adjustment. See page 155.
72
Pre-Ride Inspection
OPERATION
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Throttle - Check for free operation and closing. See page 156.
Steering - Check for free operation, noting any unusual looseness in any area.
Headlight/Taillight/Brakelight - Check operation of all indicator lights and switches.
Engine stop switch - Check for proper function.
Air cleaner element - Check for dirt; clean or replace.
Tires - Check condition and pressures.
Wheels - Check for tightness of wheel nuts and axle nuts. Check that axle nuts are
secured by cotter pins.
12. A-arm ball joints - Check freeplay. If the tire moves excessively, see your Polaris
dealer for replacement before operating.
13. Loose parts - Visually inspect the vehicle for any damaged components or loose
nuts/bolts or fasteners.
14. Riding gear - Wear a helmet, goggles and protective clothing.
73
OPERATION
Starting a Cold Engine
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains poisonous
carbon monoxide and can cause loss
of consciousness resulting in severe
injury or death. Never run an engine
in an enclosed area.
CAUTION
Operating the vehicle immediately
after starting could cause engine
damage. Allow the engine to warm
up for several minutes before
operating.
1. Place the transmission in neutral, lock the parking brake
and disengage the clutch. Make sure the fuel valve is on.
2. Sit on the ATV and pull the choke knob (1) out until it
stops. NOTE: If the knob doesn’t stay where positioned,
increase the tension by rotating the tension adjusting nut
clockwise.
74
1
Starting a Cold Engine
OPERATION
NOTE: The variable choke is fully on when the knob is pulled completely out. The choke
is off when the knob is pushed completely in. The choke can be adjusted gradually,
depending on how much choke is needed for starting. Be sure the choke is off during
operation, as excess fuel washing into the engine oil will increase wear on engine
components.
3. Move the engine stop switch to the RUN position. NOTE: Do not press the throttle
lever while starting the engine.
4. Turn the ignition key to the ON position and press the start button to engage the starter.
Activate the starter for a maximum of five seconds, releasing the button when the
vehicle starts. NOTE: Excessive engagement may result in starter damage.
5. If the engine does not start, wait five seconds after releasing the start button, then
activate the starter for another five seconds. Repeat until the engine starts.
6. If the engine slows or stops, position the choke knob half way in to allow proper engine
warm-up.
7. Vary the engine RPM slightly with the throttle to aid in warm-up. When the engine
idles smoothly, push the choke completely in.
75
OPERATION
Starting a Warm Engine
Warm engines do not normally require the use of the choke. Excessive use of the choke
can cause the spark plug to become wet fouled.
1. Place the transmission in neutral and lock the parking brake.
2. Turn the fuel tank valve on, sit on the vehicle, and turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
3. Disengage the clutch and press the start button to start the engine.
NOTE: If the engine has cooled to a point where it does not readily start, intermittent use
of the choke button (pulled half way out) may be necessary.
NOTE: If you believe the engine is over-choked when warm, push the choke lever
completely in and depress the throttle lever fully while cranking to aid in starting. Release
the throttle lever immediately after the engine starts.
4. If the engine does not start, review the engine troubleshooting information beginning
on page 167. If all conditions are favorable and the engine still does not start, see your
Polaris dealer for service.
76
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Driving Procedures
1. Sit upright with both feet on the footpegs and both
hands on the handlebars.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up, then shift
the transmission into gear. See page 67.
3. Check your surroundings and determine your
path of travel.
4. Release the parking brake.
5. Slowly depress the throttle with your right
thumb while slowly releasing the clutch
lever to begin driving.
6. Drive slowly. Practice maneuvering and
using the throttle, clutch and brakes on level
surfaces.
77
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Making Turns
Your ATV is equipped with a solid rear axle, which drives both rear
wheels equally at all times. The wheel on the outside of the turn
travels a greater distance than the inside wheel when turning,
and the inside tire slips traction slightly. To turn, steer in
the direction of the turn, leaning your upper body to the
inside of the turn while supporting your weight on the
outer footpeg. This technique alters the balance of
traction between the rear wheels, allowing the turn to
be made smoothly.
NOTE: Practice making turns at slow speeds before
attempting to turn at faster speeds.
WARNING
Turning at sharp angles or at excessive speeds can result in vehicle overturn and lead
to serious injury or death. Avoid turning at sharp angles. Never turn at high speeds.
78
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
Whenever riding on slippery surfaces such as wet trails or loose
gravel, or during freezing weather, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down when entering slippery areas.
2. Maintain a high level of alertness, reading the trail and
avoiding quick, sharp turns, which can cause skids.
3. Correct a skid by turning the handlebars in the
direction of the skid and shifting your body weight
forward.
WARNING
Failure to exercise care when operating on slippery surfaces can result in loss of tire
traction and cause loss of control, accident, and serious injury or death.
Never apply the brakes during a skid. Do not operate on excessively slippery surfaces.
Always reduce speed and use additional caution, especially when downshifting.
79
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Uphill
Whenever traveling uphill, follow these precautions:
1. Always travel straight uphill.
2. Avoid steep hills (25_ maximum).
3. Keep both feet on the footpegs and transfer your
weight forward.
4. Proceed at a steady rate of speed and throttle opening.
5. Be alert and prepared to take emergency action. This
may include quick dismounting of the vehicle.
25_
Maximum
WARNING
Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly terrain. Improper
procedure could cause loss of control or overturn and result in serious injury or death.
Use extreme caution when operating on hills, and follow all procedures outlined in the
owner’s manual.
80
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Across Hills
WARNING
Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills can result in loss of control or vehicle
overturn, resulting in severe injury or death. Avoid crossing the side of a hill when
possible. Follow proper procedures as outlined in the owner’s manual.
If you enter into a situation where sidehilling is unavoidable:
1. Slow down.
2. Lean into the hill, transferring your upper body weight
toward the hill while keeping your feet on the footpegs.
3. Steer slightly into the hill to maintain vehicle
direction.
NOTE: If the vehicle begins to tip, quickly turn the
front wheels downhill, if possible, or dismount on the
uphill side immediately!
81
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Turning Around on a Hill
WARNING
Improper hill climbing procedures could cause loss of control or overturn and result in
serious injury or death. Avoid climbing steep hills (25_ maximum). Use extreme
caution when operating on hills, and follow proper operating procedures outlined in
the owner’s manual.
If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill! One maneuver that
can be used when it’s necessary to turn around while climbing a hill is the K-turn:
1. Keep your body weight uphill.
2. Pull in the clutch lever and apply the front and rear brakes.
3. When completely stopped, shut off the engine. Leaving the transmission in gear, release
the clutch lever and lock the park brake.
4. Dismount on the uphill side of the vehicle, or on the left side if the vehicle is pointing
straight uphill.
82
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Turning Around on a Hill
5. Staying uphill of the ATV, turn the handlebars full left.
Reach across the handlebar and apply the front brakes to
unlock the park brake.
6. With the front brakes applied, pull in the clutch
8’
lever. Use the brakes to slowly allow the vehicle to
roll around to your right until it’s pointing across
the hill or slightly downward.
Uphill
7. With the front brakes still applied, release the
clutch lever and lock the park brake. Remount
from the uphill side, keeping body weight uphill.
8. Pull in the clutch lever, shift into neutral and restart the engine.
9. Release the park brake and slowly release the clutch lever, allowing the ATV to proceed
slowly. Stay in first gear, using the brakes for additional speed control if necessary, until
more level ground is reached. Do not apply the brakes abruptly when driving downhill.
83
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Downhill
Whenever descending a hill, follow these
precautions:
1. Proceed directly downhill.
2. Transfer your weight to the rear of the vehicle.
3. Slow down.
4. Shift to the lowest gear possible while
maintaining a safe speed.
5. Apply the foot brake slightly to aid in slowing.
WARNING
Excessive speed can cause loss of control and lead to serious injury or death. Always
operate slowly when traveling downhill.
84
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Parking on an Incline
Avoid parking on an incline if
possible. If it’s unavoidable,
follow these precautions:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Place the transmission in
first gear.
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Always block the rear wheels on the
downhill side. See illustration.
5. Shut off the fuel supply.
85
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Through Water
Your ATV can operate through water with a
maximum recommended depth equal to the
level of the footpegs (1). Follow these
procedures when operating through water:
1. Determine water depths and current before
crossing.
2. Choose a crossing where both banks have
gradual inclines.
3. Proceed slowly, avoiding rocks and
1
obstacles if possible.
4. After crossing, dry the brakes by applying light pressure to the lever until braking
action is normal.
After running the vehicle in water, it’s critical to have it serviced as outlined in the
maintenance chart. See page 91. The engine oil and all grease fittings need special
attention.
86
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Through Water
CAUTION
Major engine damage can result if the vehicle is not thoroughly inspected after
operation in water. Perform the services outlined in the maintenance chart.
If your vehicle becomes immersed or is operated in water that exceeds the footpeg
level, take it to your dealer for service before starting the engine.
NOTE: Avoid operating the vehicle through deep or fast-flowing water. If you cannot
avoid water that exceeds the recommended maximum depth, go slowly, balance your
weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward
motion. Do not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle changes.
If your vehicle becomes immersed, and it’s impossible to take it to a dealer before starting
it, follow the steps described on page 132. Have the vehicle serviced by your dealer at the
first opportunity.
87
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Over Obstacles
Be alert!
Look ahead and learn to read the terrain
you’re traveling on. Be constantly alert for
hazards such as logs, rocks and low hanging
branches.
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result if your vehicle comes in contact with a hidden
obstacle. Not all obstacles are immediately visible. Travel with caution in
unfamiliar terrain.
88
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Noise Emission Control System
Do not modify the engine, intake or exhaust components, as doing so may affect
compliance with state and local noise level requirements.
Spark Arrestor
Your Polaris vehicle has a spark arrestor that was tested and approved in accordance with
the USDA Forest Service Standard 5100-1C. Federal law requires that this spark arrestor
be installed and functional when the vehicle is operated on public lands.
Crankcase Emission Control System
This engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system. Blow-by gases are forced back to
the combustion chamber by the intake system. The system does not allow the blow-by
gases to enter the atmosphere.
89
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Exhaust Emission Control System
The emissions from the exhaust of this vehicle are controlled by engine design, including
factory-set carburetion and ignition. The engine and related components must be
maintained at Polaris specifications to achieve optimal performance.
1
Adjustment to engine idle is the only adjustment
Polaris recommends that the operator perform. Any
other adjustments should be performed by an
authorized Polaris dealer.
The emissions label (1) is located on the recoil cover.
90
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Careful periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle in the safest, most reliable
condition. Inspection, adjustment and lubrication of important components are explained
in the following pages. And to help you perform routine maintenance, a tool kit is
provided in the storage compartment under the seat. Items included in the kit are:
S Spark plug socket and handle
S Open end wrench, 1/2 in. and 10 mm
S TorxR T25 screwdriver
S L-wrench, T-27
S Tire pressure gauge
Maintenance intervals are based upon average riding conditions and an average vehicle
speed of approximately 10 miles per hour. Vehicles subjected to severe use, such as
operation in wet or dusty areas, should be inspected and serviced more frequently.
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When inspection reveals the
need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris parts available from your Polaris dealer.
NOTE: Service and adjustments are critical. If you’re not familiar with safe service and
adjustment procedures, have a qualified dealer perform these operations.
91
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Hours of operation are based on a 10 mph average. For example, if a service is due at 20
hours, the equivalent odometer reading would be 200 miles. Perform all services at
whichever reading is reached first: hours of operation, miles logged, or time elapsed.
Perform all services more frequently under severe use.
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result in component
failure and lead to serious injury or death. Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform
these services.
Maintenance Chart Key
" Perform these operations more often under severe use, such as in dirty or wet
conditions, to purge water or dirt contamination from grease fittings and other critical
components.
L Emission Control System Service (California - 4-Cycle)
J Dealer service item.
F Use Polaris Premium All Season Grease or grease conforming to NLGI
No. 2, such as Conoco Superlube M or Mobilegrease Special
92
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
"
L
"
"
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
Brake systems/fluid
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect; maintain fluid level between fill
lines (see page 60); change every 200 mi.
or 24 months
Tires
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect
Wheels/lug nuts
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect; tighten
Frame fasteners
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect; tighten
Air filter and
Pre-cleaner
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect; clean
Coolant
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Inspect level; add as needed
Fuel
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Fill to proper levels
Engine/transmission oil
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Fill to proper level with Polaris PS-4 oil
Throttle
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check operation
Clutch
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check operation and adjustment
Lights
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check operation
Engine stop switch
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check operation
93
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result in component failure
and lead to serious injury or death. Have a Polaris dealer perform these services.
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
"
Steering
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check for free operation and loose components
"
Air box sediment tubes
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Drain deposits when visible
Headlamp
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check daily; apply Polaris dielectric
grease to connector when replaced
Tail lamp/brake lamp
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check daily; apply Polaris dielectric
grease to socket when replaced
A-arm ball joint
Pre-Ride
Pre-Ride
Check freeplay daily; have dealer replace
if wheel moves excessively
J
94
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
Air filter,
main element
Weekly
Weekly
Inspect; replace as needed
"
Oil Change
10 hrs.
6 months
Perform break-in service at one hour;
change oil more often in very cold or hot
weather or under severe use
"
Oil Filter
10 hrs.
6 months
Replace with oil change; perform break-in
oil/filter change at one hour
Brake pad wear
10 hrs.
Monthly
Inspect periodically
Battery
20 hrs.
Monthly
Check terminals; clean
Engine breather filter
20 hrs.
Monthly
Inspect; clean as needed
General lubrication
50 hrs.
3 months
Lubricate all fittings, pivots, cables
"
L
L
J
"
L
"
F
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
F Polaris Premium All Season Grease
95
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result in component failure
and lead to serious injury or death. Have a Polaris dealer perform these services.
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
"
F
A-Arm (A)
50 hrs.
3 months
Inspect; tighten fasteners; grease (also
after washing ATV or driving in water)
"
F
Rear axle/
Rear eccentric (B)
25 hrs.
3 months
Inspect; grease (also after washing ATV
or driving in water)
"
F
Swing arm pivot
25 hrs.
3 months
Disassemble components, clean and
grease
"
F
Upper steering post (C)
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; tighten fasteners; grease after
washing ATV or driving in water
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
F Polaris Premium All Season Grease
96
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Lubrication Points
A
A
C
B
97
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could result in component failure
and lead to serious injury or death. Have a Polaris dealer perform these services.
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
Carburetor float bowl
50 hrs.
6 months
Drain bowl periodically and prior to storage
J
Throttle Cable/ETC Switch
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; adjust; replace if necessary
L
Choke (enricher) cable
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect; adjust; lubricate; replace if necessary
"
Drive chain(s)
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect daily; adjust and
lubricate if needed
L
Engine breather hose and
filter (in airbox)
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect
"
98
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
Coolant strength
50 hrs.
6 months
Inspect strength seasonally; pressure test
system annually
Coolant system pressure
test
100 hrs.
Annually
Pressure test system annually
L
Spark plug
100 hrs.
Annually
Inspect; replace as needed
J
Ignition Timing
NA
Annually
Inspect; adjust as needed
Fuel system
100 hrs.
Annually
Check for leaks at tank cap, lines, fuel
valve, pump and carburetor; replace lines
every two years
L
J
L
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
F Polaris Premium All Season Grease
99
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Item
Hours/Miles
Frequency
Remarks
Radiator
100 hrs.
Annually
Inspect; clean external surface; change
coolant every 2 years
Cooling system hoses
100 hrs.
Annually
Inspect
Engine mounts
100 hrs.
Annually
Inspect
Brake fluid
200 hrs.
24 months
Change every two years
Spark arrestor
300 hrs.
36 months
Clean out
J
Front wheel bearings
300 hrs.
36 months
Inspect; replace as needed
L
Idle speed
As required
Adjust
J
Toe adjustment
As required
Periodic inspection; adjust when parts are
replaced
Headlight aim
As required
Adjust as needed
"
J
" More often under severe use, such as dirty or wet conditions
L Emission Control System Service (California)
J Dealer service item
F Polaris Premium All Season Grease
100
NOTES
101
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Record
Use the following chart to record periodic maintenance.
Maintenance
Interval
Performed
10 hrs.
20 hrs.
50 hrs.
100 hrs.
102
Servicing
Date
Servicing
Dealer
or Person
Remarks
Periodic Maintenance Record
Maintenance
Interval
Performed
Servicing
Date
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Servicing
Dealer
or Person
Remarks
103
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Recommendations
Performance Synthetic 4-Stroke (PS-4) Oil
Polaris highly recommends the use of Polaris PS-4 or a similar oil designed for use in
4-stroke manual clutch ATV and motorcycle applications. PS-4 has been specifically
formulated for use in high performance engines. PS-4 is a fully synthetic, high
performance, multi-viscosity oil designed to provide the ultimate in lubrication
performance and protection and prolonged clutch life. NOTE: See page 175 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
PS-4 oil possesses unsurpassed film strength over the widest possible temperature range. It
resists viscosity and frictional breakdown in ambient temperatures from --40° F. to +120° F.
(--40° to +49° C.). Its exceptional frictional properties result in more efficient operation,
more power output and lower fuel consumption.
CAUTION
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause serious engine
damage. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris PS-4 oil. Never mix oil brands.
104
Engine Oil Level
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Check the oil level before each use of the vehicle.
The dipstick (1) is located on the left side of the ATV.
1. Position the ATV on a level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for one minute.
3. Stop the engine and remove the dipstick. Wipe
it dry with a clean cloth.
4. Reinstall the dipstick completely. NOTE: The
dipstick must be screwed completely in to keep
the angle and depth of the stick consistent.
5. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level.
Maintain the oil level in the safe range (2),
between the full and add marks. Do not
overfill.
6. Reinstall the dipstick.
1
2
105
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil Level
If the ATV is used year-round, check the oil level frequently. A rising oil level could
indicate the accumulation of contaminates such as water or excess fuel in the bottom of the
oil tank. Water in the bottom of the tank can lead to engine damage and must be drained.
Water accumulation increases as outside temperature decreases.
106
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Oil and Filter Change
CAUTION
If the ATV is left without oil in the system for extended periods, the oil pump may lose its
prime, which could result in engine damage. Do not allow the vehicle to be without oil
and filter overnight. Always replace the oil and filter within a few hours of draining the oil.
The suggested break-in oil change should be performed after one hour of operation, or after
the first tank of fuel, whichever comes first. Perform the next oil and filter changes every
10 hours or every six months, whichever comes first.
Severe use operation requires more frequent service. Severe use includes continuous duty
in dusty or wet conditions and operating in very cold or very hot weather. Severe use cold
weather riding is all riding below 10° F. (--12° C.), and riding between 10° F. and 40° F
(--12° and 4° C.) when most trips are slow speed and less than 5 miles.
107
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Oil and Filter Change
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Clean the area around the oil tank (1) and
crankcase (2) drain plugs with clean shop
towels.
3. Run the engine for two to three minutes until
warm, then stop the engine.
4. Place a drain pan beneath the oil tank and
remove the drain plug.
2
1
CAUTION
Hot oil can cause serious burns to skin. Do not allow hot oil to contact skin.
5. Allow the oil to drain completely.
6. Replace the sealing washer and reinstall the plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
NOTE: The sealing surfaces on drain plugs, oil tank and crankcase should be clean
and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
108
Oil and Filter Change
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Place a drain pan beneath the crankcase and remove the drain plug.
Allow the oil to drain completely.
Replace the sealing washer and reinstall the plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
Place shop towels beneath the oil filter.
Remove the three cover bolts and remove the
cover.
12. Pull out the oil filter. NOTE: A spring located
behind the filter may pop out as the filter is
removed. The spring must be reinstalled with the
new filter.
13. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing
surfaces.
Step 12
109
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Oil and Filter Change
14. Replace the o-ring in the cover.
15. Lubricate the gasket on the new filter with a film of fresh engine oil.
16. Reinstall the spring and install the new filter with the open end facing outward.
17. Install the cover and torque the bolts to 72-78 in. lbs. (8-9 Nm). NOTE: The long bolt
must be placed in the forward hole.
Step 14
110
Step 16
Step 17
Oil and Filter Change
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
18. Remove the dipstick and fill the oil tank with 2 quarts (1.9 l) of recommended oil.
19. Place the transmission in neutral and set the parking brake.
20. Start the engine and let it idle for one to two minutes. Stop the engine and inspect for
leaks.
21. Re-check the oil level on the dipstick and add oil as necessary to bring the level to the
upper mark on the dipstick.
22. Dispose of the used filter, oil and shop towels properly.
111
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Air Filter Systems
4
1. Unlatch and remove the seat.
2. Loosen the intake duct clamp (1) on the
carburetor.
3. Pull the duct (2) off the carburetor.
4. Release the eight airbox cover clips (3) and
remove the cover (4).
5. Remove the air filter (5). Inspect and replace if
necessary.
6. Remove the pre-filter (6) and breather
filter (7). Wash both in soapy water,
then rinse, let dry and reinstall.
1
5
6
3
112
2
7
Air Filter Systems
7.
8.
9.
10.
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Reinstall the air filter.
Reinstall the airbox cover and secure the clips.
Reinstall the intake duct to the carburetor and secure the clamp.
Check the hoses for cracks, deterioration, abrasion, or leaks. Replace as needed.
CAUTION
Operation of your vehicle without a breather filter can cause engine damage. Always
reinstall the breather filter after removing for service.
113
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
The engine coolant level is controlled or maintained by the recovery system. The recovery
system components are the recovery bottle, radiator filler neck, radiator pressure cap and
connecting hose.
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine, we recommend that
you completely drain the cooling system every two years and add a fresh mixture of
antifreeze and water.
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/coolant or a 50/50
mixture of high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/coolant and distilled water. See
page 175 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
NOTE: Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with
water.
NOTE: Always follow the manufacturer’s mixing recommendations for the freeze
protection required in your area.
114
Engine Cooling System
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Coolant Level
The recovery bottle (1) is located on the left side of the
machine under the front fender. The fluid level must be
maintained between the minimum and maximum marks on
the bottle (when the fluid is cool).
As coolant operating temperature increases, the
expanding (heated) excess coolant is forced out of the
radiator, past the pressure cap, and into the recovery
bottle. As engine coolant temperature decreases, the
contracting (cooled) coolant is drawn back up from the
tank, past the pressure cap, and into the radiator.
NOTE: Some coolant level drop on new machines is
normal, as the system is purging itself of trapped air.
Observe coolant levels and maintain as recommended by
adding coolant to the recovery bottle.
1
115
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
WARNING
Escaping steam can cause severe burns. Never remove the pressure cap while the
engine is warm or hot. Always allow the engine to cool before removing the cap.
Radiator Coolant Level
NOTE: This procedure is required only if the cooling system has been drained for
maintenance and/or repair. However, if the recovery bottle has run dry, inspect the level in
the radiator and add coolant if necessary.
1. Remove the pressure cap.
2. Using a funnel, slowly add coolant as necessary through the radiator filler neck.
3. Replace the pressure cap.
NOTE: Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to function
properly. Contact your dealer for the correct replacement part.
116
Lights
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
When servicing a halogen lamp, don’t touch the lamp with bare fingers. Oil from your skin
leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp.
WARNING
Poor lighting while driving can result in severe injury or death. Headlight and taillight
lenses become dirty during normal operation. Wash the headlights frequently to
maintain lighting quality.
Hot components can cause serious burns to skin. Do not service the headlamps until
they’ve cooled sufficiently.
117
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Headlight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the wire harness connector from the
back of the headlight.
2. On the left headlamp, grasp the bulb housing and
turn it counterclockwise (1) to remove the bulb.
On the right headlamp, turn the bulb housing
clockwise (2) to remove the bulb.
3. Apply dielectric grease to the light bulb socket
before installing the new bulb. Install the
replacement bulb into headlight housing and
rotate clockwise firmly. NOTE: The bulb must
be positioned so the harness installs into the lamp
at outer side.
4. Reinstall the connector to the back of the headlight.
118
2
1
Lights
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Headlight Assembly Replacement
1. Remove the wire harness connector from the
headlights.
2
2. Remove the front cab (see page 124).
Position the cab upside down on a soft
protective surface to prevent scratching.
3. Remove the small adjuster bracket (1) and
install it on the new lamp.
4. Remove the large pivot bracket (2) and remove
the headlamp.
1
119
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Headlight Assembly Replacement
5. Install the new headlamp by inserting the outboard pivot pin in the hole of the
mounting tab on the cab.
6. Install the adjuster bracket onto the inboard pivot pin of the headlamp.
7. Adjust for approximately 1/16” clearance between the bracket and the edge of the
headlight. Tighten the mounting screws. IMPORTANT: Be sure the bracket is 90
degrees to the pivot pin so the lamp can move freely.
8. Install the adjusting screw, leaving it loose so the headlight can be adjusted.
9. Reinstall the front cab and connect the wire harness to the headlamp.
10. Adjust the lamps as needed, then tighten the adjuster screw. See page 122.
120
Lights
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Taillight/Brakelight Lamp Replacement
If the taillight/brakelight does not work the lamp may need to be replaced.
1. Remove the taillight lens cover mounting screws (1).
Remove the lens cover (2) and gasket and set aside for
reassembly.
2. Remove the lamp (3) and replace it with a new lamp.
3. Test the taillight/brakelight to see that it’s working.
4. Reinstall the gasket and lens cover.
2
1
3
121
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Headlight Adjustment
1. Position the ATV on a level surface with the
headlight approximately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a flat
wall.
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of
1
the headlight and make a mark on the wall at the
same height.
3. Start the engine and turn the headlight switch to
high beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim on the wall. The most
intense part of the headlight beam should be aimed
2” (5.1 cm) below the mark placed on the wall. NOTE: Include rider weight on the
seat when measuring.
5. Loosen the pivot screw (1) and adjust the beam to the desired position.
6. Tighten the screw and torque to 27 in. lbs. (3 Nm).
122
Side Panel Removal
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
1. Unlatch and remove the seat.
2. Remove the four screws (1) securing the
side panel.
3. Remove the side panel.
3
5
4
Rear Cab Removal
1. Unlatch and remove the seat.
2. Remove the four bolts (2) on the rear
fenders of the cab and the two bolts (3),
washers and grommets (4) on the top of
the cab.
3. Remove the two screws (5) from the rear
cab supports.
4. Remove the cab.
1
5
2
2
123
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Front Cab Removal
1. Remove the screws and washers (1) from
the front left-hand and right-hand cab
mounts.
2. Remove the wire harness connector from the
headlights.
3. Loosen the screw (2) located inside the cab
under the front cover.
4. Gently pull the cab forward to remove the
cab and disengage it from the stand-offs on
the fuel tank.
5. Reverse all steps to reinstall the front cab.
124
2
1
Spark Plugs
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
S Use NGK DCPR8E spark plugs.
S Proper electrode gap is .035″ (.90 mm).
S Spark plug torque is 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs may result in serious engine damage and may
void your emission-related warranty. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug firing end condition
should be read after the engine has been warmed up and the vehicle has been driven at
higher speeds. Immediately check the spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear protective gloves
when removing a spark plug for inspection. Allow components to cool before continuing.
125
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plugs
1. Normal
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few combustion
deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indicates the proper type and heat
range for the engine and the service.
NOTE: The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates overheating, caused
by use of an improper spark plug or incorrect carburetion adjustments.
2. Wet Fouled
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing end. There may be
a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the electrodes are not worn. General causes
of fouling are excessive oil, use of non-recommended oil, improper use of the choke, or
incorrect carburetion adjustments.
126
Spark Plugs
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the side panels and front cab (see pages 123-124).
2. Turn the fuel valve to OFF.
WARNING
A hot ember on the ATV could cause fuel to ignite. Allow all components to cool
sufficiently before accessing the spark plug. Always exercise extreme caution when
handling fuel systems and gasoline. Always heed the fuel warnings on page 69.
127
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
3. Move the fuel valve hose clamp (1)
forward and gently remove the hose from
the fuel valve fitting on the gas tank.
4. Remove the vent hose (2) from the
instrument panel, taking note of the hose
2
routing for reinstallation.
5. Remove the tank mounting bolt (3) at the
rear of the gas tank.
6. Move the tank rearward and upward over
the engine. Slowly remove the tank and
1
be careful not to catch any hoses, wires
or other components. Place the tank on a
stable surface or work bench. Be sure to protect the valve from contamination or
damage.
128
3
Spark Plugs
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
7. Using the forked end of the spark plug wrench
handle, remove the spark plug boot.
IMPORTANT: Do not pull on the wire to
remove the boot. Doing so may cause a wire
disconnection inside the boot.
8. Using the spark plug wrench and handle, rotate
counterclockwise to remove the spark plug.
9. Reverse all steps to install the spark plug and
reassemble the body. Torque the spark plug to 14
ft. lbs. (19 Nm). Be sure to reroute the vent hose
(1) through the instrument panel. Torque the tank
mounting bolt to 9 ft. lbs. (12 Nm).
1
129
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Arrestor
WARNING
Failure to heed the following warnings while servicing the spark arrestor could result in
serious injury or death.
Do not perform service on the spark arrestor while the system is hot. Exhaust
system temperatures can reach 1000° F. Allow components to cool sufficiently before
proceeding.
Remove any combustible materials from the area. Wear eye protection and leather
work gloves. Do not stand behind or in front of the vehicle while purging. Never run
the engine in an enclosed area. Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas.
Never go under the vehicle while it’s inclined.
130
Spark Arrestor
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodically clean the spark arrestor to remove accumulated carbon.
1. Remove the three screws (1) and remove the arrestor (2)
from the end of the muffler.
2. Use a non-synthetic brush to clean the arrestor screen (3).
A synthetic brush may melt if components are warm.
3. Inspect the screen for erosion and replace if necessary.
4. Remove and inspect the gasket. Replace if worn or damaged.
5. Reinstall the gasket and arrestor.
6. Torque screws to 50 in. lbs. (5.6 Nm). Do not over-tighten.
2
1
3
131
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Vehicle Immersion
If your ATV has been submerged or overturned in water deeper than the footpeg level, it’s
critical to dry it promptly and properly before starting the engine.
CAUTION
Do not start the engine after an ATV has been in water that exceeds the recommended
depth. Serious engine damage WILL occur. Tow or trailer the ATV to your dealer for
service. In an emergency, perform the temporary drying out procedure outlined below,
which will allow short-term operation only, to drive the ATV to a trailer or towing vehicle.
Do not perform the following procedures if you don’t feel completely capable, or if you
suspect that water has entered the fuel tank (likely if the water was deep or if the ATV
overturned). Tow or trailer the ATV to your dealer for immediate service.
1. Turn the fuel valve off.
2. Drain water from the air box and change the air filter (if equipped). See page 112.
3. Drain the fuel/water from the carburetor for about 10 seconds.
4. Remove the spark plug. See page 127.
132
Vehicle Immersion
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
WARNING
Fluids will be ejected through the spark plug hole and may cause serious injury to face
or other body parts. Stand clear of the spark plug while performing the following steps.
5. Intermittently and briefly touch the starter button in half-second intervals to SLOWLY
rotate the engine three or four times. Water will eject from the spark plug hole.
6. Press and hold the starter button for 10 second intervals for about one minute or until
water vapor is no longer ejecting from the spark plug hole.
7. Check the oil level on the dipstick. If the level is higher than the pre-ride inspection
level, water has entered the oil tank. Do not start the engine. Tow the ATV and see
your dealer. If the oil level is unchanged from the pre-ride inspection level, replace the
spark plug, start the engine and move the ATV promptly to a trailer or towing vehicle.
CAUTION
If water isn’t removed promptly from a submerged ATV, rust will form in precision
components, gears, bearings, the cylinder and other areas and result in serious engine
damage. Always see your dealer promptly after an ATV has been submerged.
133
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
The YUASA sealed battery is already filled with electrolyte and has been sealed and fully
charged at the factory. Never pry the sealing strip off or add any other fluid to this battery.
Keep battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. If cleaning is necessary, remove
the corrosion with a stiff wire brush. Wash with a solution of one tablespoon baking soda
and one cup water. Rinse well with tap water and dry off with clean shop towels. Coat the
terminals with dielectric grease or petroleum jelly.
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion and
cause serious injury or death. When removing a battery, always disconnect the negative
(black) cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative cable last.
Battery Removal
1. Remove the rear cab (see page 123) and disconnect the strap securing the battery in
position.
2. Disconnect the black (negative) cable first, then disconnect the red (positive) cable.
3. Lift the battery out of the ATV.
134
Battery Installation
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
1. Set the battery in the battery holder.
2. Connect and tighten the red (positive) cable first, then connect and tighten the black
(negative) cable.
3. Attach the hold-down strap and reinstall the rear cab.
4. Verify that cables are properly routed.
NOTE: When installing a new battery, make sure it’s fully charged prior to its initial use.
Using a new battery that has not been fully charged can damage the battery and result in a
shorter life. It can also hinder vehicle performance.
Battery Storage
When the vehicle is placed in storage for three months or more, the battery should be
removed and stored out of the sun in a cool, dry place. Test and recharge the battery
monthly and before reusing.
135
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
The most important part of maintaining a sealed battery is keeping it fully charged.
The battery included with your ATV is sealed and the sealing strip cannot be removed. Use
a voltmeter or multimeter to measure DC voltage. A fully charged battery will register 12.8
V or higher. If the voltage is less than 12.8 volts, recharge the battery.
NOTE: The Polaris Battery Tendert battery charger can be left connected during the
storage period and will automatically charge the battery if the voltage drops below a
pre-determined point (see page 175).
When using an automatic charger such as the Polaris Battery Tendert, refer to the
manufacturer’s instructions for recharging. When using a constant current charger, use the
guidelines on the following page for recharging.
WARNING
An overheated battery could explode, causing severe injury or death. Always watch
charging times carefully. Stop charging if the battery becomes very warm to the touch.
Allow it to cool before resuming charging.
136
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
NOTE: Always verify battery condition before and 1-2 hours after charging.
State of
Charge
Voltage
Action
Charge Time*
100%
12.8-13.0 volts
None, check at
3 mos. from date of
manufacture
None required
75%-100%
12.5-12.8 volts
May need slight charge,
if no charge given, check
in 3 months
3-6 hours
50%-75%
12.0-12.5 volts
Needs charge
5-11 hours
25%-50%
11.5-12.0 volts
Needs charge
At least 13 hours,
verify state of charge
0%-25%
11.5 volts or less
Needs charge with
desulfating charger
At least 20 hours
(Using constant current
charger @ standard amps
specified on top of battery)
137
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Tires
WARNING
Operating your ATV with worn tires, improperly inflated tires, non-standard tires or
improperly installed tires will affect vehicle handling and could cause an accident
resulting in serious injury or death.
Maintain proper tire pressure as described on the ATV decal and in the owner’s
manual.
Always use original equipment size and type when replacing tires.
Make sure the wheels are installed properly.
Always replace tires when the tread depth measures 1/8″ (.3 cm) or less.
138
Tire Tread Depth
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Always replace tires when tread depth is worn to
1/8″ (.3 cm) or less. See illustration.
Wheel Removal
1/8I (.3 cm)
1. Stop the engine, place the transmission in gear and
lock the parking brake.
2. Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
3. Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable
stand under the frame.
4. Remove the wheel nuts and remove the wheel.
139
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Wheel Installation
1. Place the transmission in gear and lock the parking
brake.
2. Place the wheel on the wheel hub with the valve
stem toward the outside and rotation arrows on the
tire pointing toward forward rotation.
3. Install the wheel nuts and finger tighten.
4. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
5. Torque the wheel nuts according to the wheel nut
torque specifications chart.
NOTE: Any nuts that have a cotter pin installed must be
serviced by an authorized Polaris dealer.
140
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications
Check the wheel nut torques occasionally and when they’ve been loosened for maintenance
service.
Bolt Size
Specification
Front 3/8″
25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm)
Rear 3/8″
25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm)
141
ADJUSTMENTS
Brakes
Under normal operation, the diaphragm extends into the reservoir as fluid level drops. If
the fluid level is low and the diaphragm is not extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm
should be replaced. Always fill the reservoir as needed whenever the cover is loosened or
removed to ensure proper diaphragm operation. Do not overfill. See page 60.
The front brakes are hydraulic disc brakes. They’re activated by squeezing the brake lever
toward the handlebar. The rear brake is a hydraulic disc brake activated by the foot brake
pedal. Both brakes are self-adjusting, but the following checks are recommended to keep
the brake systems in good operating condition. Check more often if brakes are used
heavily under normal operation.
WARNING
Overfilling the master cylinder will result in brake failure. Without room to expand,
the excess fluid will cause the brakes to apply automatically, which could result is
serious injury or death. Always maintain the fluid level between the MIN and MAX
marks. See page 60.
142
Brakes
1. Always maintain the brake fluid at an adequate level
(see page 60).
2. Check the brake system for fluid leaks.
3. Check the brakes for excessive travel or spongy feel.
4. Check the friction pads for wear, damage and looseness.
5. Check the security and surface condition of the disc.
6. Inspect the rear brake disc spline and pad wear surface for
excessive wear.
NOTE: Pads should be changed when worn to 3/64″ (.1 cm), or
about the thickness of a U.S. dime.
ADJUSTMENTS
3/64″ (.1 cm)
143
ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result from improper toe alignment and adjustment. Do not
attempt to adjust tie rod alignment. All tie rod adjustments should be performed by an
authorized Polaris dealer.
Toe Alignment
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the vehicle. The Predator is
designed for a neutral toe setting.
1. Set the handlebars in a straight-ahead position. Use tie straps to secure the handlebars
so they can’t move. NOTE: The steering arm can be used as an indicator of whether
the handlebars are straight. The arm should always point straight back from the
steering post.
2. Place stands (1) in front of the vehicle, perpendicular to the rear tires. See illustration.
144
ADJUSTMENTS
Toe Alignment
3. Tie an elastic string (2) around the stands, making
sure the string just touches the side surface of the
rear tires on each side of the vehicle and goes
around the stands in front of the vehicle.
4. Measure the distance from the string to the rim at
the front and rear of the front rim (3). The
difference between these two measurements should
be between 0″ and 1/16″ toe out.
NOTE: If you discover improper alignment, see your
Polaris dealer for service.
2
3
1
145
ADJUSTMENTS
Chain Tension
CAUTION
Never adjust or operate the vehicle with the rear drive chain too loose or too tight.
Severe damage to the transmission and drive components can result. Chain tension
must be inspected with the swing arm in the position shown in the illustration so that the
axle, swing arm pivot and drive sprocket are aligned horizontally (B).
C
A
B
146
Chain Tension
ADJUSTMENTS
Check the amount of chain slack by moving the vehicle slightly forward to remove slack at
the top side of the chain.
NOTE: The chain has a press-on master link. A chain tool must be used if it’s necessary
to remove the chain for service.
1. Collapse the suspension with an adjustable (buckle type) trailer tie down strap (A).
Fasten the strap around the axle and rear bumper tube.
2. Tighten the strap until a straight line (B) can be drawn from the axle to the transmission
output shaft, intersecting the swing arm pivot. This establishes the tightest chain
position.
3. At this point (C) the chain should have 1/4″ - 3/8″ (.6 -.9 cm) deflection. Use the
procedure on the following page if the chain needs adjustment.
147
ADJUSTMENTS
Chain Tension
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loosen the two eccentric locking bolts.
Insert a pin punch into the eccentric axle housing.
Roll the vehicle ahead or back to adjust chain slack to the proper dimension.
Tighten the eccentric locking bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
Step 2
Step 1
148
Proper Splicelink Clip Opening Position
ADJUSTMENTS
Steering Assembly
The steering assembly of the ATV should be checked periodically for loose nuts and bolts.
If loose nuts and bolts are found, see your Polaris dealer for service before operating the
vehicle.
Camber and Caster
The camber and caster are non-adjustable.
Suspension Settings
Setting
Compression Damping
Rebound Damping
Softest
Clicker Position 1
20 clicks from closed
Factory
Clicker Position 4
10 clicks from closed
Firmest
Clicker Position 8
Fully closed
149
ADJUSTMENTS
Front Suspension
The front suspension preload may be adjusted to suit different riding conditions and
operator weight.
WARNING
Uneven adjustment may cause poor handling of the ATV, which could result in an
accident and serious injury or death. Always adjust both the left and right spring
preloads equally or have your Polaris dealer perform the adjustments.
150
Front Suspension
Spring Preload
1. Raise and safely support the front of the ATV off the
ground to allow the suspension to fully extend.
2. Turn the adjusting ring to the left (A) to increase
preload. Turn the ring to the right (B) to decrease
preload. NOTE: See Suspension Settings on page
149.
ADJUSTMENTS
A
B
151
ADJUSTMENTS
Rear Suspension
The rear suspension spring preload, shock rebound damping
and shock compression damping may be adjusted to suit
different riding conditions and operator weight.
Spring Preload
1. Raise and safely support the rear of the ATV off the
ground to allow the suspension to fully extend.
2. Loosen the jam nut (1) and back it away from the
adjusting ring.
3. Turn the adjusting ring (2) to the left (A) to increase
preload. Turn the ring to the right (B) to decrease
preload. See Suspension Settings on page 149.
4. Tighten the jam nut firmly against the adjuster ring.
152
1
A
2
B
ADJUSTMENTS
Rear Suspension
Rebound Damping
1. Locate the rebound damping
clicker drum between the lower
spring seat and the lower shock
mount.
2. Turn the clicker to the left (A) to
decrease the rebound damping.
Turn it to the right (B) to increase
rebound damping.
NOTE: The rebound damping is
factory set at 10 clicks from fully
closed. See Suspension Settings
on page 149.
A
B
Step 1
153
ADJUSTMENTS
Rear Suspension
Compression Damping
The compression damping clicker drum is located
on top of the shock reservoir, under the left rear
fender. It has eight possible positions ranging from
position 1 (softest) to 8 (firmest). The compression
damping is factory set at position 4. To adjust, turn
the clicker drum to the desired setting. See
Suspension Settings on page 149.
154
1
Clutch Lever Freeplay
ADJUSTMENTS
1. Measure clutch lever freeplay between
C
the perch and the lever (A). This
distance should be 1/8″ - 3/16″
(3.1 mm - 4.7 mm).
2. If adjustment is required, slide the
clutch perch pivot boot down the
clutch cable to access the clutch
B
A
adjustment screw (B) and lock ring (C).
3. Loosen the lock ring and turn the screw in (clockwise) to increase lever travel. Turn
the screw out (counterclockwise) to decrease lever travel. Tighten the lock ring.
4. Squeeze the lever fully and release. Slightly squeeze the lever again until a slight
resistance is felt. Measure the freeplay again. If necessary, repeat the adjustment
procedure until proper freeplay is attained.
5. Replace the clutch perch pivot boot over the screw and lock ring.
155
ADJUSTMENTS
Throttle Cable Freeplay
WARNING
Improper adjustment of throttle cable freeplay can result in loss of control, which could
result in serious injury or death. Polaris recommends that this procedure be performed
by a Polaris dealer to ensure that it’s done correctly. Mechanically knowledgeable
persons who perform this procedure must follow the adjustment procedures exactly.
Throttle cable freeplay is adjusted at the handlebar.
3
1. Slide the boots (1) off the inline cable
1
2
1
adjuster sleeve (2) and loosen the adjuster
locknut (3).
2. Turn the adjuster until 1/16″ to 1/8″
freeplay is achieved at the thumb lever.
NOTE: While adjusting freeplay, be sure to flip the throttle lever back and forth.
3. Tighten the locknut and slide the boots over the cable adjuster until they touch at the
midpoint of the adjuster.
156
ADJUSTMENTS
Handlebars
If desired, the handlebars can be adjusted for rider preference.
WARNING
Improper adjustment of the handlebars or incorrect torquing of the adjuster block
bolts can cause limited steering or loosening of the handlebars, which could result in
loss of control and serious injury or death. Follow the adjustment procedures
exactly, or see your Polaris dealer for service.
1. Remove the instrument panel and locate the handlebar bolts (1).
2. Loosen the four bolts and adjust the handlebar to the desired
height. Be sure the handlebars do not contact the gas tank
or any other part of the machine when turned fully to the
left or right.
3. Torque the front two bolts to 10-12 ft. lbs. (14-17
Nm), then torque the rear two bolts. A gap of up to
1/8” will remain at the rear bolts.
1
157
ADJUSTMENTS
Carburetor/Idle RPM
If the engine idle speed is not satisfactory, and all other
conditions are favorable, the carburetor can be adjusted.
1. Warm up the engine by running the vehicle for five minutes,
or until operating temperature is reached.
2. Apply the park brake and place the transmission in neutral.
3. Adjust the carburetor idle screw (1) either in or out until the
desired idle RPM is reached. Turning the screw in
(clockwise) will raise RPM. Turning the screw out
(counterclockwise) will lower RPM.
1
158
Carburetor/Idle RPM
ADJUSTMENTS
If the vehicle is to be operated at various altitudes and temperatures, certain adjustments
can be made to improve its operation and driveability. Above 6000 feet (1800 m) the
engine air/fuel mixture becomes overly rich. An engine loses approximately 3% of its
power for each 1000-foot (304.8 m) increase in elevation. Although this power cannot be
regained, changes to the carburetor and drive system can be made to allow more efficient
operation.
NOTE: Contact your dealer for altitude adjustments. Your dealer has the training and
special tools required to perform these modifications.
S Carburetor re-jetting can be performed to compensate for altitude and/or temperature
changes.
159
CLEANING AND STORAGE
See page 175 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Cleaning the ATV
Keeping your ATV clean will not only improve its appearance but it can also extend the life
of various components. With a few precautions, your ATV can be cleaned much like an
automobile.
Washing the ATV
CAUTION
Do not use a high pressure washer for washing the ATV. Serious damage will result
to wheel bearings, chains, transmission seals, body panels, brakes and decals.
The best and safest way to clean your ATV is with a garden hose and a pail of mild soap
and water. Use a professional type washing mitten, cleaning the upper body first and the
lower parts last. Rinse with water frequently and dry with a chamois to prevent water
spots. NOTE: If warning and safety decals are damaged, contact your a Polaris dealer for
free replacement. Grease all zerk fittings immediately after washing, and allow the vehicle
to run for a while to evaporate any water that may have entered the engine or exhaust
system.
160
Waxing the ATV
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Your ATV can be waxed with any non-abrasive automotive paste wax. Avoid the use of
harsh cleaners since they can scratch the body finish.
CAUTION
Certain products, including insect repellants and chemicals, will damage plastic
surfaces. Use caution when using these products near plastic surfaces.
161
CLEANING AND STORAGE
See page 175 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Storage Recommendations
CAUTION
Starting the engine during the storage period will disturb the protective film created by
fogging and damage could occur. Never start the engine during the storage period.
Clean the Exterior
Make necessary repairs and then clean the ATV thoroughly as outlined on page 160.
Stabilize the Fuel
Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris Fuel Stabilizer to the fuel tank,
following the instructions on the container for the recommended amount. Fill the fuel tank
with fuel. Allow 15-20 minutes of operation for the stabilizer to disperse through the fuel in
the tank and carburetor. Turn the fuel valve off and drain the carburetor bowl. NOTE: Carbon
clean will also reduce the possibility of bacterial growth in the fuel system.
162
Storage Recommendations
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Oil and Filter
Warm the engine and change the oil and filter. See page 107.
Air Filter / Air Box
Inspect and clean or replace the pre-cleaner and air filter. Clean the air box and drain the
sediment tube.
Breather Filter
Inspect and clean or replace the breather filter (inside the airbox).
Fluid Levels
Inspect all fluid levels and change as outlined in the Maintenance Schedule beginning on
page 91.
Battery
Refer to pages 135-136 for battery storage and battery charging procedures.
163
CLEANING AND STORAGE
See page 175 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Storage Recommendations
Fog the Engine
1. Start the engine and allow it to warm up. Turn engine off.
2. Unlatch and remove the seat.
3. Loosen the intake duct clamp at the carburetor and pull the duct off the carburetor.
4. Start the engine and spray Polaris fogging oil or a comparable product into the
carburetor, following the instructions on the fogging oil container.
5. Turn the engine off, reassemble the intake duct to the carburetor, secure the clamp, and
reinstall the seat.
164
Storage Recommendations
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Inspect and Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate. Follow lubrication guidelines in the Maintenance Section
of the service or owner’s manual to completely grease and lubricate the entire vehicle with
Polaris Premium All Season Grease.
Engine Anti-Freeze
Test engine coolant strength and add or change coolant if necessary. Replace coolant every
two years.
Storage Area/Covers
Set the tire pressure and safely support the ATV with the tires 1-2” off the ground. Be sure
the storage area is well ventilated, and cover the machine with a genuine Polaris ATV cover.
NOTE: Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to
prevent condensation, and may promote corrosion and oxidation.
165
CLEANING AND STORAGE
Transporting the ATV
Follow these procedures when transporting the
vehicle.
1. Turn off the engine and remove the key to
prevent loss during transporting.
2. Turn the fuel valve off.
3. Be sure the fuel cap, oil cap and seat are
installed correctly.
4. Always tie the frame of the ATV to the
transporting unit securely, as shown in the
illustration, using suitable straps or rope.
5. Always place the transmission in first gear and
lock the parking brake.
166
TROUBLESHOOTING
Contact your Polaris dealer for service if you’re unable to identify solutions using the
following charts.
Engine Doesn’t Turn Over
Possible Cause
Solution
Fuseable link
See Polaris dealer for replacement
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Loose battery connections
Check all connections and tighten
Loose solenoid connections
Check all connections and tighten
167
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Turn fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Clogged fuel valve
Inspect and clean or replace
Water is present in fuel
Drain the fuel system and refuel
Fuel valve is turned off
Turn the fuel valve on
Old, poor or non-recommended fuel
Drain and replace with new fuel
Fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect plug(s), replace if necessary
No spark to spark plug
Inspect plug(s), verify stop switch is on
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Throttle ETC switch not opening
Adjust throttle freeplay
168
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Pings or Knocks
Possible Cause
Solution
Poor quality or low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Engine Backfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Weak, fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Old, poor or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Incorrectly installed spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
169
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC or replace
Kinked or plugged fuel tank vent line
Inspect and replace
Old, poor or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Electronic throttle control (ETC) malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
170
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Lean Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Low or contaminated fuel
Add or change fuel, clean the fuel system
Low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Old, poor or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged fuel valve screen
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Rich Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fuel is very high octane
Replace with recommended lower octane fuel
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Plugged, dirty or wet air filter
Clean pre-filter, replace main filter as needed
171
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Turn fuel valve to reserve, refuel
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fouled or defective spark plug
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wire
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.8 VDC or replace
Old, poor or non-recommended fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
172
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Clogged, dirty or wet air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Electronic throttle control (ETC) malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Overheated engine
Clean radiator screen and core if equipped
Clean engine exterior
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Overheating
Possible Cause
Solution
Debris lodged in screen
Remove and clean the screen.
Plugged radiator
Use a garden hose to flush any debris from the radiator
fins. NOTE: High pressure washers can deform the
radiator fins and reduce cooling efficiency.
173
NOTES
174
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part #
Description
Engine Lubricant
Part #
Description
Coolant
2874414 Performance Synthetic 4-Stroke (PS-4) Oil (qt.)
2871323 60/40 Coolant (gal.)
2874415 PS-4 Oil (gal.)
2871534 60/40 Coolant (qt.)
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
2871312 Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season (3 oz.)
Additives / Miscellaneous
2871322 Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
2871326 Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
2871423 Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
2870652 Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
2871460 Starter Drive Grease (2 oz.)
2870990 DOT3 Brake Fluid (12 oz.)
2871329 Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
2872893 Engine Degreaser (12 oz.)
2872073 Chain Lube (6.25 oz. aerosol)
2872348 Chain Lube (16 oz. aerosol)
175
SPECIFICATIONS
Predator 500
Gross Vehicle Weight
645 lbs./292 kg
Pilot Jet
45
Fuel Capacity
3.25 gal./12.3 l
Main Jet
150
Overall Length
71.5 in./182 cm
Needle Jet
O-OM
Overall Width
47.5 in./121 cm
Jet Needle
6CGY07-060-3
Overall Height
45 in./114 cm
Alternator Output
200 w @ 3000 RPM
Wheelbase
51 in./130 cm
Compression Ratio
10.8:1
Ground Clearance
4.5 in./11 cm
Starting System
Electric
Dry Weight
415 lbs./188 kg
Carburetor
BSR 42mm
Minimum Turning Radius
67 in./170 cm
Ignition System
CDI
Engine Oil Capacity
2.25 qts./2.1 l
Ignition Timing
30° ± 3° @ 3500 RPM
Coolant Capacity
2.25 qts./2.1 l
Spark Plug / Gap
NGK DCPR8E / 0.9 mm / .035 in.
Engine
ES50PLX
Lubrication System
Dry Sump
Displacement
499 cc
Bore x Stroke
99.2 x 64.6 mm
176
SPECIFICATIONS
Predator 500
Driving System Type
Rear Two-Wheel Drive
Tire Size/Pressure - Front
21 x 7 - 10 / 4 psi
Shift Type
5-Speed Manual Shift
Tire Size/Pressure - Rear
20 x 11 - 9 / 4 psi
Drive Ratio - Final
14/37
Front Brake
Hydraulic Disc
Gear Ratio - 1st
2.6
Rear Brake
Hydraulic Disc
Gear Ratio - 2nd
1.7
Parking Brake
Hydraulic lock, front wheel
Gear Ratio - 3rd
1.3
Headlights
2 - Dual Beam (35w/35w)
Gear Ratio - 4th
1.1
Taillights
8.26w
Gear Ratio - 5th
0.9
Brakelight
26.9w
Jetting Chart
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
0-1800
(0-6000)
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
Below 40° F
(Below 5° C)
155
+40° F and above (+5° C and above)
147.5
142.5
150
177
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a SIX MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against defects in material or workmanship. Polaris also gives a one
year limited warranty on the final drive chain for failure due to defects. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges
for repair or replacement of defective parts which are covered by this warranty. This warranty begins on the date of
purchase. This warranty is transferrable to another consumer during the warranty period through a Polaris dealer.
REGISTRATION
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer and submitted to Polaris within
ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will record the registration for warranty. THE PURCHASER
MUST COMPLETE AN ATV SAFETY TRAINING COURSE PROVIDED BY THE DEALER IN ORDER TO
HAVE VALID WARRANTY ON THE ATV. No verification of registration will be sent to the purchaser as the copy
of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration
and received the “customer copy”, please contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL
BE ALLOWED UNLESS YOUR ATV IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your ATV is very important in ensuring trouble-free operation. Purchasing a
machine in the crate or without proper dealer set-up will void your warranty coverage.
178
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
WARRANTY
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused by a defect in material or workmanship. This
warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper handling. This warranty also does
not cover any ATV that has been altered structurally, modified, neglected, improperly maintained, used for racing, or
used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured, or for any damages which occur during trailer transit or
as a result of unauthorized service or the use of unauthorized parts. In addition, this warranty does not cover physical
damage to paint or finish, stress cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion, or defects in parts, components or the ATV due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond Polaris’ control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that are not compatible with the
ATV. The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris’ exclusive option, repair or replacement of
any defective materials, or components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE
THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS
SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL
DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY
OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states do not permit
the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or implied warranties, so the above limitations or
exclusions may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
179
WARRANTY
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO
THE ABOVE SIX MONTH WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
180
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
WARRANTY
If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris ATVs. When
requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (THE COST
OF TRANSPORTATION TO AND FROM THE DEALER IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY). Polaris suggests that you
use your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to perform warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Should your dealer require any additional assistance they
will contact the appropriate personnel at Polaris.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris
engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered by warranty.
181
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING
DEALER’S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from Polaris Industries. Dealers
may not give authorization for export. You should consult an authorized dealer to determine this vehicle’s warranty or service bulletin coverage if you have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer’s authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
182
Exported Vehicles
WARRANTY
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you move or are traveling
within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from
any authorized Polaris dealer who sells the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased, you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer photo identification from the country of the selling
dealer’s authorized location as proof of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the customs department of the
destination country before you move. Vehicles importation rules vary considerably from country to country. You
may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty
coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order to register your vehicle in your new country.
183
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
How to Get Service
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally
purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind.
(Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the
vehicle was purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance:
United States: 1-763-417-8650
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
184
Index
A
C
F
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . 142-159
Air Filter Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 112-113
Coolant Level, Radiator . . . . . . . . . 116
Coolant Level, Recovery Bottle . . . 115
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114-115
Front Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . 150-151
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Fuel Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
B
D
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Battery Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . 136-137
Battery Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Battery Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Brake Levers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142-143
Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-71
Driving Across Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Driving Downhill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . . 79
Driving Over Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Driving Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Driving Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77-88
Driving Through Water . . . . . . . . . 86-87
Driving Uphill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
C
E
Cab Removal, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Cab Removal, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Camber and Caster . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Carburetor/Idle RPM . . . . . . . . 158-159
Chain Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146-148
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
CLEANING AND STORAGE . 160-166
Clutch Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Clutch Lever Freeplay . . . . . . . . . . 155
Compression Damping . . . . . . . . . . 154
Electrical Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-53
Electronic Throttle Control . . . . . . . . 57
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . . 116
Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . 105-106
Equipment Modifications . . . . . . . . . 23
F
FEATURES AND CONTROLS . . 52-68
Foot Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
H
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Headlight Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Headlight Assembly
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . 119-120
Headlight Lamp Replacement . . . . . 118
J
Jetting Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
K
K-turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
L
Light Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54, 117-122
Lubrication Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Lubrication Recommendations . . . . 104
185
Index
M
R
T
MAINTENANCE AND
LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . 91-141
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . 102-103
Making Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Manual Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65-68
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Rear Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . 152-154
Rebound Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . 5
Taillight/Brakelight
Lamp Replacement . . . . . . . . 121
Throttle Cable Freeplay . . . . . . . . . 156
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138-139
Toe Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144-145
Transporting the ATV . . . . . . . . . . . 166
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . 167-173
Turning Around on a Hill . . . . . . . 82-83
N
NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM . . . . 89-90
O
Oil Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107-111
Oil Filter Change . . . . . . . . . . . 107-111
Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105-106
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69-88
Operator Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-51
P
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61-62
Parking on an Incline . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Periodic Maintenance Schedule . 91-100
POLARIS PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . 175
Pre-Ride Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . 72-73
186
S
Safe Riding Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-51
Safety Decals and Locations . . . . . . 8-11
Safety Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Setting the Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . 61
Shift Pedal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Side Panel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Spark Arrestor . . . . . . . . . . 90, 130-131
Spark Plug Removal and
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . 127-129
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125-129
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . 176-177
Spring Preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151-152
Starting a Cold Engine . . . . . . . . . 74-75
Starting a Warm Engine . . . . . . . . . . 76
Steering Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Storage Recommendations . . . . 162-165
Suspension Adjustments . . . . . . 150-154
Suspension Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
U
USFS Approved Spark Arrestor . . . . 90
V
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Vehicle Immersion . . . . . . . . . . 132-133
W
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178-180
WELCOME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Wheel Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications . . 141
Wheel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139