Polaris Sportsman 450 User's Manual

03
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
A card containing important ATV safety information should be attached
to the owner’s manual on the next page. If you cannot locate this card,
or if it has been removed, please call 1-800-342-3764 for assistance.
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our
world-wide family of Polaris owners. We proudly produce an exciting
line of utility and recreational products.
S Snowmobiles
S All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
S RANGER utility vehicles
S Victory motorcycles
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and
recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of
experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of
your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever
produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner’s manual. Your
manual contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information
about major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and
should be performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer
(MSD) Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your
service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our complete line of apparel, parts and
accessories, available through our online store at
www.purepolaris.com. Have your accessories and clothing delivered
right to your door!
1
Copyright 2005 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is
based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant
improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor
discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this
publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference
use only. No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or
reuse of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is
expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
2006 Sportsman 450/500/700 Owner’s Manual P/N 9920228
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS . . . . . . . 5
SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION . . . . . . . . 64
ADJUSTMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
POLARIS PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
MAINTENANCE LOG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
3
4
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
Record your ATV’s identification numbers and key number in the
spaces provided. Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place.
Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with
one of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch
must be replaced.
2
2
1
700
31XX
3
450/500
Vehicle Model Number:
Frame VIN (1):
Engine Serial Number (2):
Key Number (3):
5
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Warning decals have been placed on the ATV for your protection. Read
and follow the instructions of the decals on the ATV carefully. If any
of the decals depicted in this manual differ from the decals on your
ATV, always read and follow the instructions of the decals on the ATV.
If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer
to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by
Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed on the decal.
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH
ALWAYS USE
AN APPROVED
HELMET AND
PROTECTIVE
GEAR
NEVER USE
ON PUBLIC
ROADS
NEVER CARRY
PASSENGERS
NEVER USE
WITH DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL
NEVER operate:
ALWAYS:
7172560
WARNING
7172561
6
Safety Decals and Locations
SAFETY
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR OVERLOADING can cause loss of
control resulting in SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH.
TIRE PRESSURE IN PSI (KPa): FRONT 5 (34,5) REAR 5 (34,5)
MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY (Gross Vehicle Weight)
INCLUDING MACHINE, DRIVER AND CARGO IS 1200 LBS. (545 kg).
Reduce speed and allow greater distance for braking when carrying
cargo. Overloading or carrying tall, off-center, or unsecured loads
will increase your risk of losing control. Loads should be centered,
carried as low as possible, and firmly secured to the racks. With
dual racks, load distribution 1/3 front 2/3 rear is best. For stability
on rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo. Do not block
headlight. Be careful if load extends over the side of the rack.
Read Owner’s Manual for more detailed loading information
7172748
WARNING
7172566
ATTENTION
S Operation of this vehicle without the air
filter element will severely damage the
engine.
S Clean pre-filter element often, more
frequent cleaning required in dusty
conditions. Do not operate vehicle
without pre-filter.
S Operation of this vehicle without engine
breather filter(s) can cause engine
damage. Consult owner’s manual or
dealer for details.
S Specific carburetor jetting and
adjustments are required depending
on temperature and altitude. See
your Owner’s Manual.
Factory setting:
40_ to 80_ F. at 0-3000 feet
(5_ to 27_ C. at 0-900 meters).
7079902
7
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
WARNING
S
S
Moving parts hazard under belt-clutch guard. To
prevent serious injury, do not operate vehicle
with guard removed.
Do not modify engine or clutch. Doing so can
cause part failure, possible imbalance, and
excessive engine RPM, which can result in serious
injury or death.
NO STEP
7172563
Operating this ATV if you are under
the age of 16 increases your chance
of severe injury or death.
NEVER operate this ATV if you are
under age 16.
7172559
WARNING
S DO NOT TOW FROM RACK OR BUMPER.
Vehicle damage or tipover may result causing severe injury
or death. Tow only from tow hooks or hitch.
S Max Rack Loads: Front 90 lbs. (41 kg) Rear 180 lbs. (82 kg)
7172572
Sportsman 450/500
WARNING
S DO NOT TOW FROM RACK OR BUMPER.
Vehicle damage or tipover may result causing severe injury
or death. Tow only from tow hooks or hitch.
S Max Rack Loads: Front 100 lbs. (45 kg) Rear 200 lbs. (91 kg)
Sportsman 700
8
7172749
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
WARNING
Pushing reverse
override button
may cause
sudden increases
in power and
traction if too
much throttle is
applied. Loss of
control or forward
flipover may
result, especially
in AWD. See
Owner’s Manual.
7172564
ALL WHEEL
DRIVE
SWITCH
MANUFACTURED
BY: POLARIS IND. INC.
DATE:
VIN:
Do not push switch to
engage AWD if the rear
wheels are spinning.
This may cause severe
drive shaft and clutch
damage.
See your Owner’s
Manual.
THIS VEHICLE IS AN ALL TERRAIN VEHICLE AND IS NOT
INTENDED FOR USE ON PUBLIC ROADS.
CE VÉHICULE EST UN VÉHICULE TOUT TERRAIN QUI NiEST
PAS DESTINÉ À ÊTRE UTILISÉ SUR LES CHEMINS PUBLICS.
7079780
7171492
Canadian Certification Decal
TRAILER MAX WEIGHT:
1225 LBS. (557 KG) ON LEVEL GROUND
850 LBS. (386 KG) UP TO 15° GRADE
HITCH MAX. VERTICAL WEIGHT: 120 LBS. (55KG)
7170911
Sportsman 450/500
TRAILER MAX WEIGHT:
1500 LBS. (682 KG) ON LEVEL GROUND
850 LBS. (386 KG) UP TO 15° GRADE
HITCH MAX. VERTICAL WEIGHT: 150 LBS. (68KG)
7170509
Sportsman 700
9
SAFETY
Safe Riding Gear
Always wear clothing suited to the type of riding. ATV riding requires
special protective clothing for comfort and to reduce the chance of
injury.
1. Helmet
Your helmet is the most important piece
of protective gear for safe riding. A
helmet can prevent a severe head injury.
Select an approved helmet that meets
or exceeds your state’s safety standards
and bears either the Department of
Transportation (DOT) label, the
American National Standards
Institute label (ANSI z90.1), or the
Snell Memorial Foundation label.
2. Eye Protection
Do not depend on sunglasses for
proper eye protection. A pair of
goggles or a helmet face shield offer
the best protection for your eyes. They
should be kept clean and be of
shatterproof design (bearing the
markings Z2.1 or VESC 8).
1
2
3
5
4
3. Gloves
Off-road style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and
protection.
4. Boots
The best footwear is a pair of strong over-the-calf boots with heels, like
moto-cross boots.
5. Clothing
Always wear long sleeves and long pants to protect arms and legs.
Riding pants with kneepads and a jersey with shoulder pads provide
the best protection.
10
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
Failure to follow the warnings contained in this manual can result
in serious injury or death.
A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. This
vehicle handles differently than other vehicles, such as
motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly,
even during routine maneuvers like turning, or driving on hills or
over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions.
Read and understand your owner’s manual and all warnings
before operating a Polaris ATV.
Age Restrictions
This vehicle is an ADULT VEHICLE ONLY. Operation is prohibited
for anyone under 16 years of age.
Know Your Vehicle
As the operator of the vehicle, you are responsible for your personal
safety, the safety of others, and the protection of our environment.
Read and understand your owner’s manual, which includes valuable
information about all aspects of your vehicle, including safe operating
procedures.
Safety Training
When you purchased your new ATV, your dealer offered a hands-on
safety training course that covers all aspects of vehicle safety. You
were also provided with printed materials that explain safe operating
procedures. You should review this information on a regular basis.
If you purchased a used Polaris ATV from a party other than a Polaris
dealer, you can request this free safety training from any authorized
Polaris dealer.
A Polaris ATV is an off-road vehicle. Familiarize yourself with all
laws and regulations concerning the operation of the ATV in your area.
We strongly advise you to strictly follow the recommended
maintenance program outlined in your owner’s manual. This
preventive maintenance program is designed to ensure that all critical
components on your vehicle are thoroughly inspected at specific
intervals.
11
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following two pages identify signal words and symbols that appear
in this manual. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols
are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the
manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts
you to the potential for personal injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may
result in serious injury or death.
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may
result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the
vehicle.
NOTE:
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
12
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
Serious injury or death can result if you do not follow these
instructions and procedures, which are outlined in further detail
within your owner’s manual.
S Read this manual and all labels carefully, and follow the operating
procedures described.
S Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training
course. Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor.
Contact an authorized Polaris ATV dealer or call Polaris at
1-800-342-3764 to find out about the training courses nearest you.
S Never allow anyone under 16 years of age to operate this ATV.
S Never permit a guest to operate the ATV unless the guest has read
this manual and all product labels and has completed a certified safety training course.
S Always avoid operating an ATV on paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, and streets.
S Never operate an ATV on a public street, road or highway, including
a dirt or gravel road.
S Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved helmet that fits
properly. Always wear eye protection (goggles or face shield),
gloves, boots, a long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
S Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an ATV.
S Never operate at excessive speeds. Travel at speeds appropriate for
the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
S Never attempt wheelies, jumps or other stunts.
S Always inspect your ATV before each use to make sure it’s in safe
operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance
procedures and schedules outlined in your owner’s manual.
S Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests of the ATV during operation.
S Always travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Be alert to changing terrain conditions.
S Never operate on excessively rough, slippery, or loose terrain.
S Always follow proper turning procedures as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster
speeds. Do not turn at excessive speeds.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
S Always have the ATV inspected by an authorized Polaris dealer if
it’s been involved in an accident.
S Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills.
S Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills. Check the terrain carefully before ascending a hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never
open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go
over the top of a hill at high speed.
S Always follow proper procedures for going downhill and for braking
on hills. Check the terrain carefully before you start down a hill.
Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle, which would cause the vehicle
to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill when possible.
S Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your
weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV
around on any hill until you’ve mastered (on level ground) the turning technique outlined in this manual. Avoid crossing the side of a
steep hill when possible.
S Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards while
climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, maintain a steady speed when
climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special
procedure for braking described in this manual. Always dismount
on the uphill side, or to either side if the ATV is pointed straight
uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount following the procedure
described in this manual.
S Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never
attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as rocks or fallen trees.
Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as
described in this manual.
S Always be careful of skidding or sliding. On slippery surfaces like
ice, travel slowly and use extra caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
S Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it’s
unavoidable, travel slowly, balance your weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and steady forward motion. Do
not make sudden turns or stops, and do not make sudden throttle
changes.
14
Operator Safety
SAFETY
S Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test the brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them lightly several times to allow
friction to dry out the pads.
S Always check for obstacles or people behind the ATV before operating in reverse. When it’s safe to proceed in reverse, move slowly
and avoid turning at sharp angles.
S Always use the size and type of tires specified for your ATV, and
always maintain proper tire pressure.
S Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
S Never exceed the stated load capacity for your ATV. Cargo must be
properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow
the instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or towing. Allow a
greater distance for braking.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or call
Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
Equipment Modifications
We are concerned for the safety of our customers and for the general
public. Therefore, we strongly recommend that consumers do not
install on a Polaris ATV any equipment that may increase the speed or
power of the vehicle, or make any other modifications to the vehicle
for these purposes. Any modifications to the original equipment of the
vehicle create a substantial safety hazard and increase the risk of bodily
injury.
The warranty on your Polaris ATV is terminated if any equipment has
been added to the vehicle, or if any modifications have been made to
the vehicle, that increase its speed or power.
NOTE:
The addition of certain accessories, including (but not limited
to) mowers, blades, tires, sprayers, or large racks, may
change the handling characteristics of the vehicle. Use only
Polaris-approved accessories, and familiarize yourself with
their function and effect on the vehicle.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does
not know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations
and on different types of terrain.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the
certified training course offered by Polaris. Operators should
regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the
operating techniques described in the owner’s manual.
For more information about the training course, contact an
authorized ATV dealer or call Polaris at 1-800-342-3764.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury and/or death could occur if a child under the
minimum age recommendation operates an ATV.
Even though a child may be within the recommended age group
for operating some ATVs, he/she may not have the skills,
abilities, or judgment needed to operate an ATV safely and could
be susceptible to accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
No one under the age of 16 should operate a Polaris ATV.
16
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on an
ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Carrying a passenger
greatly reduces the
operator’s ability to balance
and control the ATV, which
could cause an accident
and injury to the
operator and/or passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The purpose of the long seat is to
allow the operator to shift position as needed during operation. It
is not intended for carrying passengers.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating an ATV
on paved
surfaces, including
sidewalks, paths,
parking lots, and
driveways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATV tires are designed for
off-road use. Operating on
paved surfaces may
seriously affect the handling and
control of the ATV and could result in loss of control, accident,
and/or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV on pavement. If it’s unavoidable, travel
slowly and avoid sudden turns or stops.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on
public streets, roads or
highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide
with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on any
public street, road or highway,
including dirt and gravel roads. In many states
it’s illegal to operate ATVs on public streets, roads and highways.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without
wearing an approved
helmet, eye protection and
protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating an ATV without
an approved helmet
increases the risk of a
severe head injury or
death in the event of an
accident.
Operating without eye protection could result in an accident and
could increase the chance of a severe injury in the event of an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved helmet that fits properly.
Always wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves,
boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
18
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV after consuming
alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Consumption of alcohol and/or drugs
could seriously affect operator
judgment. Reaction time may be slower
and operator balance and perception
could be affected.
Consuming alcohol and/or drugs before
or while operating an ATV could result in
an accident causing severe injury or death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an
ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV at excessive speeds.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Excessive speed increases the operator’s chance of losing
control of the ATV, which can result in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate the ATV at a speed that’s proper for the terrain,
visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting wheelies, jumps
and other stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Attempting stunts increases
the chance of an accident,
including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Never attempt wheelies,
jumps, or other stunts. Avoid
exhibition driving.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Poor maintenance increases the possibility of an accident or
equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV before each use to make sure it’s in
safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and
schedules described in the owner’s manual.
20
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from the handlebars or feet from the footrests
during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce ability to control the
vehicle or could cause loss of balance and ejection from the ATV.
If the operator’s foot is not firmly planted on the footrest, it could
come into contact with the rear wheels and lead to accident or
injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the
footrests of the ATV during operation.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra
caution when operating
the ATV on unfamiliar
terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Unfamiliar terrain may
contain hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes that could
cause loss of control or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Travel slowly and use extra caution when operating on unfamiliar
terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions.
21
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra
caution when operating on
excessively rough,
slippery or loose terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating on excessively
rough, slippery or loose
terrain could cause loss of
traction or loss of control,
which could result in an
accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain
until you’ve learned and practiced the skills necessary to control
the ATV on such terrain.
Always use extra caution on rough, slippery or loose terrain.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper turns could cause loss of control and lead to a collision
or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in the
owner’s manual.
Practice turning at slow speeds before attempting to turn at faster
speeds.
Never turn at excessive speed.
22
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle may overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities.
Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25_.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper hill climbing could
cause loss of control or
overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Always follow proper
procedures for climbing
hills as described in the
owner’s manual.
Always check the terrain
carefully before ascending
any hill.
Never operate the ATV on hills steeper than 25_.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly while traveling uphill. The ATV
could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a
sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other
side of the hill.
23
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Traveling downhill
improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly descending a hill
could cause loss of control
or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Always follow proper
procedures for traveling
down hills as described in
the owner’s manual. NOTE:
A special technique is
required when braking while
traveling downhill. See page 57.
Always check the terrain carefully before descending a hill.
Shift your weight backward.
Never travel down a hill at high speed.
Avoid traveling down a hill at an angle, which would cause the
vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Travel straight down the hill
when possible.
24
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills and
turning on hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improperly crossing or
turning on hills could cause
loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the
ATV around on any hill until
you’ve mastered the turning
technique (on level ground)
as described in the owner’s
manual. See page 58. Use
extra caution when turning
on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the owner’s
manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
25
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards
or improperly dismounting
while climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD
Maintain steady speed
when climbing a hill.
If all forward speed is lost:
Keep your weight uphill.
Apply the brakes.
Lock the parking brake when fully stopped.
If the ATV begins rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
Never apply engine power.
Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards.
Apply the single-lever brake gradually.
When fully stopped, apply the rear brake as well, and then lock
the parking brake.
Dismount on uphill side, or to either side if ATV is pointed straight
uphill.
Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure
described in the owner’s manual. See page 58.
26
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating over obstacles could cause loss of control or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles.
Avoid operating over large obstacles such as rocks and fallen
trees when possible. If unavoidable, use extreme caution and
always follow proper procedures as outlined in the owner’s
manual.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Skidding or sliding can cause loss of control.
If the tires regain traction unexpectedly, the ATV could overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
On slippery surfaces such as ice, travel slowly and use extra
caution to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could collide with an obstacle or person, resulting in
severe injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before shifting into reverse gear, always check for obstacles or
people behind the ATV. When it’s safe to proceed, back slowly.
27
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which
could lead to an accident or overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it’s
unavoidable to enter water that exceeds the recommended
maximum depth (see page 59), travel slowly, balance your weight
carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a slow and
steady forward motion. Do not make sudden turns or stops, and
do not make sudden throttle changes.
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Always test the
brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several
times to let friction dry out the pads.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or
uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires, or operation of the ATV with improper or
uneven tire pressure, could cause loss of control or accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type of tires specified for the ATV.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as specified.
28
Operator Safety
SAFETY
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating the ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or modification of the ATV
may cause changes in handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify the ATV through improper installation or use of
accessories. All parts and accessories added to the vehicle must
be genuine Polaris Industries Inc. or equivalent components
designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and used
according to approved instructions. See your authorized Polaris
ATV dealer for more information.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading the ATV or carrying/towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Overloading and towing can cause changes in vehicle handling,
which could lead to loss of control or an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow a
greater distance for braking.
Always follow the instructions in the owner’s manual for carrying
cargo or pulling a trailer. See page 50.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on frozen bodies of water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Severe injury or death can result if the ATV and/or the operator
fall through the ice.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water.
29
SAFETY
Operator Safety
WARNING
Leaving the keys in the ignition can lead to unauthorized use of
the vehicle resulting in serious injury or death. Always remove
the ignition key when the vehicle is not in use.
WARNING
After any overturn or accident, have a qualified service dealer
inspect the entire vehicle for possible damage, including (but not
limited to) brakes, throttle and steering systems.
WARNING
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good
judgement and physical skills. Persons with cognitive or physical
disabilities who operate this vehicle have an increased risk of
overturn and loss of control, which could result in severe injury or
death.
CAUTION
Exhaust system components are very hot during and after use of
the vehicle. Hot components can cause serious burns and fire.
Do not touch hot exhaust system components. Always keep
combustible materials away from the exhaust system. Use
caution when traveling through tall grass, especially dry grass.
30
CONTROLS
Engine Electrical Switches
WARNING
Activating the override switch while the throttle is open can cause
loss of control, resulting in severe injury or death. Do not activate
the override switch while the throttle is open.
4
2
1
3
Mode/Reverse Override Switch (1) - This vehicle is equipped with a
reverse speed limiter system. To gain additional power while backing,
depress the override switch.
NOTE:
The override switch also allows activation of AWD in reverse,
if the AWD switch is on. This switch is also used to toggle
through the different modes of the rider information center.
See page 40.
Engine Stop Switch (2) - The engine will
OFF
RUN OFF
not start or run when the switch is in the
OFF position. Its purpose is to provide the
operator with a quick means of engine
shutdown in case of an emergency.
2
Main Switch (3) - To start the engine, slide
the stop switch to the center RUN position and turn the main key
switch clockwise past the ON position. Release the key when the
engine starts.
NOTE:
Both the main switch and the emergency engine stop switch
will shut off all electrical power to the vehicle, including lights.
To stop the engine, slide the stop switch either right or left to
the OFF position.
Worklight Switch (4) - The worklight switch controls a light located
at the rear of the vehicle. Use the rear light when additional light is
needed for loading and unloading the vehicle. Turn the rear worklight
off when driving the ATV.
31
CONTROLS
WARNING
Operating an ATV with sticking or improperly operating throttle
controls could cause an accident and lead to severe injury or
death.
Never start or operate an ATV with a sticking or improperly
operating throttle. Always contact your dealer for service if throttle
problems arise.
Failure to check or maintain proper operation of the throttle
system can result in an accident if the throttle lever sticks during
operation. Always check the lever for free movement and return
before starting the engine. Also check occasionally during
operation.
Throttle Lever
Engine speed and vehicle
movement are controlled by
pressing the throttle lever (1).
The throttle lever is spring
loaded. Engine speed returns
to idle when the lever is
1
released.
This ATV is equipped with Polaris Electronic Throttle Control (ETC),
which is designed to reduce the risk of a frozen or stuck throttle. If the
throttle cable should stick in an open position when the operator
releases the throttle lever, the engine will stop, and power to the rear
wheels will cease.
WARNING
The Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) stops the engine in the
event of a throttle system malfunction and is provided for your
safety. Do not attempt to modify the ETC system or replace it
with any after market throttle mechanisms.
32
Light Switches
CONTROLS
The light switch is located on the left handlebar. It’s used to turn the
lights on and off and to switch the lights from HI to LO.
NOTE:
The lights won’t work unless the key is in the ON position
and the shut-off switch is in the RUN position.
WARNING
Operating the ATV on streets or roads, especially in darkness,
could result in an accident and serious injury or death.
Your ATV is not equipped with highway-approved lights. It’s
designed for and must be used for off-road use only. Use caution
and drive at reduced speeds in conditions of reduced visibility
such as fog, rain and darkness.
Brake Lever
1
The front and rear brakes are applied
by squeezing the brake lever (1)
toward the handlebar. The front and
rear brakes are hydraulically
activated disc type brakes that are
activated by only one lever.
Always test brake lever travel and
master cylinder fluid level before riding.
When squeezed, the lever should feel firm. Any sponginess would
indicate a possible fluid leak or low master cylinder fluid level, which
must be corrected before riding. Contact your dealer for proper
diagnosis and repairs.
WARNING
Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of
braking, which could cause an accident.
Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
33
CONTROLS
Master Cylinder
The brake fluid in the master
cylinder (1), which is located on the
left handlebar, should be checked
before each ride. The fluid level
can be seen through an indicator
window (2) on the top of the master
cylinder. This eye will appear dark
when the fluid level is full. When
fluid needs to be added, the eye will be clear.
NOTE:
1
2
When checking the fluid level, the ATV must be on level
ground with the handlebars straight. If the fluid level is low
add DOT 3 brake fluid only. See page 111 for the part
numbers of Polaris products.
WARNING
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused
portion. Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake fluid is
hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air.
The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to
drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the possibility of
accident or severe injury.
34
Parking Brake
CONTROLS
WARNING
Operating the ATV while the parking brake is engaged could
result in an accident and serious injury or death. Always check to
be sure the parking brake is disengaged before operating.
Setting the Parking Brake
1
1. Place the transmission in PARK.
2. Squeeze and release the brake
lever (1) two or three times, then
squeeze and hold.
3. Push the park brake lock (2)
forward to engage the brake.
Release the brake lever.
4. To release the parking brake
lock, squeeze and release the brake
lever. It will return to its unlocked position.
2
Important Safeguards
S The parking brake may relax if left on for a long period of time. Always block the wheels to prevent rolling.
S Always block the wheels on the downhill side of the ATV if leaving
it parked on a hill. Another option is to park the ATV in a sidehill
position.
S Never depend on the parking brake alone if the ATV is parked on a
hill. Always block the wheels to prevent rolling.
35
CONTROLS
Auxiliary Brake
WARNING
Aggressively applying the auxiliary brake when backing down a
hill may cause rear tipover, which could result in serious injury or
death.
Use caution when applying the auxiliary brake. Do not
aggressively apply the auxiliary brake when going forward. The
rear wheels may skid and slide sideways, causing loss of control
and serious injury or death.
Your Polaris ATV has an
1
auxiliary brake (1) for added
safety. It’s located on the
inside of the right floor board
and is operated by the right
foot. The auxiliary brake
serves as a backup to the main
brake system if the main
system becomes inoperative.
If the rear wheels slide while
using the auxiliary brake,
reduce brake pedal pressure to brake the rear wheels without skidding.
Brake Fluid Level
Check the brake fluid level frequently for the auxiliary brake system.
The reservoir is located under the seat or near the auxiliary brake.
Maintain the fluid level between the maximum and minimum marks.
36
CONTROLS
Choke
The choke assists in starting a cold engine. Refer to the engine starting
procedure on page 48 for correct choke and throttle settings during
starting.
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve (1) is located on the bottom
of the fuel tank. Access the fuel valve
through the right front wheel well.
OFF: For vehicle storage and when
transporting.
RES: For normal operation.
ON: Not used on this particular
model.
NOTE: This vehicle is equipped with
a digital fuel gauge that will indicate
a low fuel condition. Refuel when the
gauge indicates a low fuel condition.
2
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank filler cap (2) is located
directly below the handlebar. Use
either leaded or unleaded gasoline
with a minimum pump octane
number of 87=(R+ M/2) octane.
1
RES
Fuel Filter
The in-line fuel filter should be
replaced by your dealer after every
100 hours of operation, or annually.
Do not attempt to clean the fuel filter.
37
CONTROLS
Automatic Transmission Gear Selector
The transmission gear selector (1) is located on the right side of the
vehicle. Shift patterns vary, depending on your model.
H: High Gear
L: Low Gear
N: Neutral
R: Reverse
P: Park
1
H
L
N
R
P
CAUTION
Shifting gears with the engine speed above idle or while the
vehicle is moving could cause transmission damage.
To change gears, stop the vehicle, and with the engine idling,
move the lever to the desired gear.
Whenever the ATV is left unattended, always place the transmission in
PARK and lock the parking brake.
Belt Life
To extend belt life, use low forward gear in heavy pulling situations and
when operating at less than seven miles per hour for extended periods of
time.
38
All Wheel Drive (AWD) System
FEATURES
The All Wheel Drive system is
activated by the AWD switch (1) on
the right handlebar. When the
switch is on 2X4, the ATV is in
two-wheel drive at all times. When
1
the switch is on AWD, the ATV is
in all wheel drive and the AWD
indicator light in the instrument cluster will be on.
When in AWD, the front gearcase will automatically engage any time
the rear wheels lose traction. When the rear wheels regain traction, the
front gearcase will automatically disengage.
NOTE:
The override switch allows activation of AWD in reverse if the
AWD switch is on. See page 31.
There is no limit to the length of time the vehicle may remain in AWD.
Engaging Front Gearcase
The AWD switch may be turned on or off while the vehicle is moving.
Initially, the vehicle’s electronic system will not enable the AWD until
the engine RPM is below 3100. Once enabled, the AWD remains
enabled until the AWD switch is turned off. If the switch is turned off
while the front gearcase is moving, it will not disengage until the rear
wheels regain traction.
Engage the AWD switch before getting into conditions where front
wheel drive may be needed. If the rear wheels are spinning, release the
throttle before switching to AWD.
CAUTION
Switching to AWD while the rear wheels are spinning may cause
severe drive shaft and gearcase damage. Always switch to AWD
while the rear wheels have traction or are at rest.
39
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Your ATV is equipped with an instrument cluster that senses vehicle
speed from the right front wheel. The instrument cluster measures
distance in miles or kilometers as well as hours of operation. It also
includes a reverse speed limiter function that limits the ATV’s speed to
approximately 7-9 mph. Refer to page 31 for additional information.
3
2
1
1. Rider Information Center
2. Speedometer needle - in addition to showing vehicle speed, the
needle flashes when a warning condition exists.
3. Speedometer
CAUTION
To prevent damage, wash the ATV by hand or with a garden hose
using mild soap. Do not use alcohol to clean the instrument
cluster. Immediately clean off any gasoline that splashes on the
instrument cluster. Do not allow insect sprays to come into
contact with the lens.
40
Instrument Cluster
FEATURES
Rider Information Center
The rider information center is located in the instrument cluster. All
segments will light up for 2.5 seconds at start-up.
NOTE:
If the instrument cluster fails to illuminate, a battery
over-voltage may have occurred and the instrument cluster
may have shut off to protect the cluster’s electrical system. If
this occurs, take the ATV to your Polaris dealer for proper
diagnosis.
1. Gear Indicator - As the shift lever is moved, this indicates the
gear the transmission is in:
4
5
6
3
H = High Range
7
L = Low Range
N = Neutral
R = Reverse
8
2
P = Park
2. AWD Indicator - This
indicator illuminates
when the electrical
portion of the AWD
system is enabled.
9
1
3. Engine Hour Display Indicator
4. Service Interval/Diagnostic Mode Indicator
5. Low Battery or Over Voltage - This warning usually indicates
that the ATV is being operated at an RPM too low to keep the
battery charged. A low battery warning may also occur under normal
operation if the machine is at idle and high electrical load (lights,
cooling fan, accessories) is applied. Driving at a higher RPM or
connecting a battery charger will usually clear the warning.
6. Odometer/Tachometer/Tripmeter/ Hour Meter
7. Fuel Gauge - The segments of the fuel gauge show the level of
fuel in the fuel tank. When the last segment clears, a low fuel
warning is activated. All segments will flash, “FUEL” will display
in the LCD, and the speedometer needle will blink. Refuel
immediately.
8. Check Engine Warning Indicator - The word HOT will display
alphanumerically when the engine is overheating. Do not continue
to operate the ATV if this warning appears or serious engine
damage could result.
9. Mode Indicator
41
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
The rider information center has 4 standard modes:
Mode 1 - Odometer
Mode 2 - Tripmeter
Mode 3 - Total Service Hours
Mode 4 - Tachometer
The reverse override button on the left handlebar is also the mode
button.
NOTE:
If using the mode button to program the rider information
center, or to toggle through the options, the machine cannot
be in reverse.
Mode 1 - Odometer
The odometer records the miles traveled by the ATV.
Mode 2 -Trip Meter
The trip meter records the miles traveled by the ATV on each trip if it’s
reset before each trip. To reset the trip meter, select the trip meter
mode. Press and hold the mode button (override button) until the total
changes to 0.
NOTE:
In the Rider Information Center, the trip meter display
contains a decimal point, but the odometer displays without a
decimal point.
Mode 3 - Hour Meter
This mode logs the total hours the engine has been in operation.
Mode 4 - Tachometer
The engine RPM is displayed digitally.
NOTE:
42
Small fluctuations in the RPM from day to day may be
normal because of changes in humidity, temperature,
elevation and electrical loads.
Instrument Cluster
FEATURES
Rider Information Center
Diagnostic Mode
The diagnostic mode is for informational purposes only. Please return
your ATV to your dealer for all major repairs.
As long as the gauge is in the diagnostic mode, the wrench icon will
remain lit.
To leave the diagnostic mode, turn the key switch off and on.
NOTE:
Any movement of the tires will also take the machine out of
the diagnostic mode.
To enter the diagnostics mode:
1. Turn the key switch off and wait 10 seconds.
2. Set the park brake and shift the transmission to neutral.
3. Hold the mode/reverse override button and turn the key switch on.
4. Release the switch as soon as the display is activated.
The initial screen display refers to the software version installed in
your ATV. This information is displayed briefly.
Use the mode/reverse override button to toggle through the diagnostic
screens.
Screen 1: Battery voltage
Screen 2: Tachometer
Screen 3: AWD diagnostic
This gauge indicates whether or not current is flowing through the
AWD coil (only on models with switchable AWD).
Screen 4: Gear circuit diagnostic
This screen displays the resistance value (in ohms) being read at the
gear switch input of the gauge.
43
FEATURES
Instrument Cluster
Rider Information Center
Diagnostic Mode
Screen 5: Programmable service interval
The purpose of the programmable service interval is to provide the
consumer and dealer with a convenient reminder for routine
maintenance. When your vehicle leaves the factory, this feature is set at
50 hours. You must enable the programmable service interval before it
can be used.
Once the service interval mode is set with the hours when service is
due, the hours of actual engine operation are subtracted from the set
hours until 0 is reached. When the counter reaches 0, the wrench icon
will flash quickly for 5 seconds each time the vehicle is started as a
reminder that the periodic maintenance is due.
To set the hours, press and hold the mode/override button until the
wrench icon flashes. When it begins to flash, release the button. The
setting will increase by one hour each time the button is pressed.
Pressing and holding the button will allow the numbers to escalate
much faster. When the desired time increment is displayed, release the
button and wait for the wrench to stop flashing. When the wrench
stops blinking, your service hours are set.
NOTE:
If you scroll past the intended number, hold the button down
until the count turns over to 0. You can then reset the
number.
If the service interval is enabled on your ATV and you wish to turn it
off, toggle to the service interval mode. Press and hold the mode
button for approximately 7 seconds until the word OFF appears in the
Rider Information Center.
Screen 6: Miles/Kilometers toggle
The display in the tripmeter and odometer can be changed to display
either kilometers or miles. The current display mode will be shown as
KM or MP. To change, hold in the mode button until the letters flash,
then press and release the button once. When the display stops
flashing, the mode has been set.
44
Fuel Safety
OPERATION
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain
conditions.
S Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
S Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well
ventilated area.
S Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the
area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
S Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
S If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off
with soap and water and change clothing.
S Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area.
Engine exhaust fumes are poisonous and can cause loss of
consciousness or death in a short time.
S Turn the fuel valve off whenever the ATV is stored or parked.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Operate this vehicle only outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.
45
OPERATION
Break-In Period
The break-in period for your new Polaris ATV is the first ten hours of
operation, or the time it takes to use the first two full tanks of gasoline.
No single action on your part is as important as following the
procedures for a proper break-in. Careful treatment of a new engine
and drive components will result in more efficient performance and
longer life for these components.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation
will damage close-fitted engine parts and drive components. Do
not operate at full throttle or high speeds during the first three
hours of use.
Engine and Drivetrain Break-in
1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 37.
2. Check the oil reservoir level on the dipstick. See page 70. Add
oil if necessary to maintain the level between the safe and add
marks.
3. Drive slowly at first. Select an open area that allows room to
familiarize yourself with vehicle operation and handling.
4. Vary the throttle positions. Do not operate at sustained idle.
5. Perform regular checks on fluid levels, controls and areas outlined
on the daily pre-ride inspection checklist. See page 47.
6. Pull only light loads.
7. During the break-in period, change both the oil and the filter at 20
hours, 200 miles, or one month, whichever comes first.
PVT Break-in (Clutches/Belt)
A proper break-in of the clutches and drive belt will ensure a longer
life and better performance. Break in the clutches and belt by
operating at slower speeds during the break-in period as recommended.
Pull only light loads. Avoid aggressive acceleration and high speed
operation during the break-in period.
46
OPERATION
Pre-Ride Inspection
WARNING
If a proper inspection is not done before each use, severe injury
or death could result. Always inspect the vehicle before each use
to ensure it’s in proper operating condition.
Pre-Ride Checklist
Item
Remarks
See
Page
Brake system / lever travel
Ensure proper operation
33, 82
Brake fluid
Ensure proper level
34
Auxiliary brake
Ensure proper operation
36
Front suspension
Inspect, lubricate if necessary
69
Rear suspension
Inspect, lubricate if necessary
69
Steering
Ensure free operation
Tires
Inspect condition and pressure
86
Wheels / fasteners
Inspect, ensure fastener tightness
87
Frame nuts, bolts, fasteners
Inspect, ensure tightness
Fuel and oil
Ensure proper levels
70
Coolant level (if applicable)
Ensure proper level
--
Coolant hoses (if applicable)
Inspect for leaks
Throttle
Ensure proper operation
Indicator lights / switches
Ensure operation
33
Engine stop switch
Ensure proper operation
31
Air filter, pre-filter
Inspect, clean
88
Air box sediment tube
Drain deposits whenever visible
Headlamp
Check operation, apply Polaris dielectric grease when lamp is replaced
Check operation, apply Polaris dielectric grease when lamp is replaced
Wear helmet, goggles, protective
clothing
Brake light / tail lamp
Riding gear
--
--
-32,109
-89
92
10
47
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
Starting a Cold Engine
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide and can
cause loss of consciousness resulting in severe injury or death.
Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
1. Place the transmission in PARK
and lock the parking brake.
2. Turn the fuel tank valve on.
3. Sit on the vehicle and pull the
choke knob (1) out until it stops.
NOTE:
The variable choke is fully
on when the knob is pulled
completely out. The
1
choke is off when the knob
is pushed completely in.
The choke can be adjusted gradually, depending on how
much choke is needed for starting. Be sure the choke is off
during operation, as excess fuel washing into the engine oil
will increase wear on engine components.
4. Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
NOTE:
Do not press the throttle while starting the engine.
5. Turn the ignition key past the ON position to engage the starter.
Activate the starter for a maximum of five seconds, releasing the
key when the vehicle starts. If the engine does not start, release the
starter and wait five seconds. Activate the starter for another five
seconds if necessary. Repeat this procedure until the engine starts.
6. If the engine slows or stops, position the choke knob half way in to
allow proper engine warm-up.
7. Vary the engine RPM slightly with the throttle to aid in warm-up.
When the engine idles smoothly, push the choke completely in.
CAUTION
Operating the vehicle immediately after starting could cause
engine damage. Allow the engine to warm up for several minutes
before operating the vehicle.
48
Starting the Engine
OPERATION
Starting a Warm Engine
Warm engines do not normally require the use of the choke. Using the
choke can cause the spark plug to become wet fouled.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the transmission in
PARK.
2. Lock the parking brake, turn the fuel tank valve on, sit on the
vehicle, and turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
3. If the engine has cooled to a point where it does not readily start,
intermittent use of the choke (knob pulled half way out) may be
necessary.
4. If the engine is over-choked when warm, depress the throttle lever
fully while cranking to aid in starting.
5. Release the throttle lever immediately after the engine starts. If the
engine does not start and all conditions are favorable, change the
spark plug and try again.
Cold Weather Operation
If the ATV is used year-round, check the oil level frequently. A rising
oil level could indicate the accumulation of contaminants such as water
or excess fuel in the bottom of the oil tank. Water in the bottom of the
tank can lead to engine damage and must be drained. Water
accumulation increases as outside temperature decreases.
See your Polaris dealer for engine heater kits, which provide quicker
warm-ups and easier starting in colder weather.
49
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Hauling Cargo
1/3
2/3
Your ATV has been designed to carry or tow a certain amount of load.
Always read and understand the load distribution warning labels on the
vehicle, and never exceed the weight capacities outlined in the
specifications section of the owner’s manual and on the safety decals.
Cargo weight should be evenly distributed (1/3 on the front rack and
2/3 on the rear rack) and mounted as low as possible. When operating
over rough or hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo weight to maintain
stable driving conditions. Do not obstruct the headlight beam with
cargo.
Belt Life
Use low forward gear when hauling or towing heavy cargo to extend
belt life.
50
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Hauling Cargo
WARNING
Hauling cargo improperly can alter vehicle handling and may
cause loss of control or brake instability and result in serious
injury or death. Always follow these precautions when hauling
cargo:
S REDUCE SPEED AND ALLOW GREATER DISTANCES FOR
BRAKING WHEN HAULING CARGO.
S CARGO WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION should be 1/3 on the front
rack and 2/3 on the rear rack. When operating over rough or
hilly terrain, reduce speed and cargo to maintain stable driving
conditions. Carrying loads on one rack only increases the
possibility of vehicle overturn.
S CARRY LOADS AS LOW ON THE RACKS AS POSSIBLE.
Carrying loads high on the racks raises the center of gravity of
the vehicle and creates a less stable operating condition.
S SECURE ALL LOADS BEFORE OPERATING. Unsecured
loads can create unstable operating conditions, which could
result in loss of control of the vehicle.
S OPERATE ONLY WITH STABLE AND SAFELY ARRANGED
LOADS. When handling off-centered loads that cannot be
centered, securely fasten the load and operate with extra
caution. Always attach the tow load to the hitch point
designated for your vehicle.
S HEAVY LOADS CAN CAUSE BRAKING AND CONTROL
PROBLEMS. Use extreme caution when applying brakes with a
loaded vehicle. Avoid terrain or situations that may require
backing downhill.
S USE EXTREME CAUTION when operating with loads that
extend over the rack sides. Stability and maneuverability may
be adversely affected, causing the vehicle to overturn.
S DO NOT BLOCK THE FRONT HEADLIGHT BEAM when
carrying loads on the front rack.
S DO NOT TRAVEL FASTER THAN THE RECOMMENDED
SPEEDS. Vehicle should never exceed 10 mph (16 kph) while
towing a load on a level grass surface. Vehicle speed should
never exceed 5 mph (8 kph) when towing loads in rough terrain,
while cornering, or while ascending or descending a hill.
51
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Procedures
1. Sit upright with both feet on the footrests and both hands on the
handlebars.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up, then shift the
transmission into gear.
3. Check your surroundings and determine your path of travel.
4. Release the parking brake.
5. Slowly depress the throttle with your right thumb and begin
driving. Vehicle speed is controlled by the amount of throttle
opening.
6. Drive slowly. Practice maneuvering and using the throttle and
brakes on level surfaces.
52
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Making Turns
Your ATV is equipped with a solid
rear axle, which drives both rear
wheels equally at all times. This
means that the wheel on the outside
of the turn must travel a greater
distance than the inside wheel when
turning and the inside tire must slip
traction slightly. To turn, steer in the
direction of the turn, leaning your
upper body to the inside of the turn
while supporting your weight on the
outer footrest. This technique alters
the balance of traction between the
rear wheels, allowing the turn to be
made smoothly. The same leaning
technique should be used for turning
in reverse.
NOTE:
Practice making turns at slow speeds before attempting to
turn at faster speeds.
WARNING
Turning at sharp angles or at excessive speeds can result in
vehicle overturn and lead to serious injury. Avoid turning at sharp
angles. Never turn at high speeds.
53
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
Whenever riding on slippery
surfaces such as wet trails or
loose gravel, or during
freezing weather, follow these
precautions:
1. Slow down when
entering slippery areas.
2. Engage AWD before
wheels begin to lose
traction.
3. Maintain a high level
of alertness, reading the
trail and avoiding quick,
sharp turns, which can cause
skids.
4. Correct a skid by turning the handlebars in the direction of the skid
and shifting your body weight forward.
CAUTION
Severe damage to drive train may occur if the AWD is engaged
while the wheels are spinning. Always allow the rear wheels to
stop spinning before engaging AWD, or engage AWD before
wheels begin to lose traction.
WARNING
Failure to exercise care when operating on slippery surfaces can
result in loss of tire traction and cause loss of control, accident,
and serious injury or death.
Never apply the brakes during a skid. Do not operate on
excessively slippery surfaces. Always reduce speed and use
additional caution.
54
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Uphill
25_ Maximum
Whenever traveling uphill, follow these precautions:
1. Always travel straight uphill.
2. Avoid steep hills (25_ maximum).
3. Keep both feet on the footrests.
4. Transfer your weight forward.
5. Proceed at a steady rate of speed and throttle opening.
6. Remain alert and be prepared to take emergency action. This may
include quick dismounting of the vehicle.
WARNING
Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly
terrain. Improper procedure could cause loss of control or
overturn and result in serious injury or death.
Avoid climbing steep hills (25_ maximum).
Use extreme caution when operating on hills, and follow proper
operating procedures outlined in the owner’s manual.
55
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Sidehilling
WARNING
Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills can result in loss of
control or vehicle overturn, resulting in severe injury or death.
Avoid crossing the side of a hill when possible. Follow proper
procedures as outlined in the owner’s manual.
Sidehilling can be the most dangerous type of driving encountered and
should be avoided if at all possible. If you do enter into a situation
where sidehilling is necessary, follow these precautions:
1. Slow down.
2. Lean into the hill, transferring your upper body weight toward the
hill while keeping your feet on the footrests.
3. Steer slightly into the hill to maintain vehicle directions.
NOTE:
56
If the vehicle begins to tip, quickly turn the front wheel
downhill, if possible, or dismount on the uphill side
immediately!
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Driving Downhill
Whenever descending a hill, follow these precautions:
1. Proceed directly downhill.
2. Transfer your weight to the rear of the vehicle.
3. Slow down.
4. Apply the brakes slightly to aid in slowing.
Familiarize yourself with operation of the auxiliary brake in the event
loss of normal service brakes occurs.
WARNING
Excessive speed can cause loss of control and lead to serious
injury or death. Always operate slowly when traveling downhill.
57
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Turning Around on a Hill
If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill!
Use the K-turn to turn around.
8’ (2.4 m)
1. Stop and lock the parking brake while keeping body weight uphill.
2. Leave the transmission in forward and shut off the engine.
3. Dismount on the uphill side of the vehicle, or on the left if the
vehicle is pointing straight uphill.
4. Staying uphill of the vehicle, turn the handlebars full left.
5. While holding the service brake, release the parking brake lock and
slowly allow the vehicle to roll around to your right until it’s
pointing across the hill or slightly downward.
6. Lock the parking brake and remount the vehicle from the uphill
side, keeping body weight uphill.
7. Restart the engine with the transmission still in forward.
8. Release the parking brake and proceed slowly, controlling speed
with the service brake, until the vehicle is on more level ground.
58
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Driving Through Water
Your ATV can operate through
water with a maximum
recommended depth equal to
the bottom of the footrests (1).
Follow these procedures when
operating through water:
1. Determine water depths
and current before
crossing.
1
2. Choose a crossing where
both banks have gradual
inclines.
3. Proceed slowly, avoiding rocks and obstacles if possible.
4. After crossing, dry the brakes by applying light pressure to the
lever until braking action is normal.
After running the vehicle in water, it’s critical to have it serviced as
outlined in the maintenance chart. See page 64. The following areas
need special attention: engine oil, transmission oil, front and rear
gearcases, and all grease fittings.
CAUTION
Major engine damage can result if the vehicle is not thoroughly
inspected after operation in water. Perform the services outlined
in the maintenance chart.
If your vehicle becomes immersed or is operated in water that
exceeds the footrest level, take it to your dealer for service before
starting the engine.
NOTE:
Avoid operating the vehicle through deep or fast-flowing
water. If you cannot avoid water that exceeds the
recommended maximum depth, go slowly, balance your
weight carefully, avoid sudden movements, and maintain a
slow and steady forward motion. Do not make sudden turns
or stops, and do not make sudden throttle changes.
If your vehicle becomes immersed, and it’s impossible to take it to a
dealer before starting it, follow the steps described on page 94. Have
the vehicle serviced by your dealer at the first opportunity.
59
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Driving Over Obstacles
Be alert! Look ahead and learn to read the terrain you’re traveling on.
Be constantly alert for hazards such as logs, rocks and low hanging
branches.
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result if your vehicle comes in contact
with a hidden obstacle. Not all obstacles are immediately visible.
Travel with caution in unfamiliar terrain.
60
Driving Safely
OPERATION
Driving in Reverse
Follow these precautions when operating in reverse:
1. Always avoid
backing downhill.
2. Back slowly.
3. When in reverse,
apply the brakes
lightly for
stopping.
4. Avoid turning at
sharp angles in
reverse.
5. Never open the
throttle suddenly
while backing.
WARNING
Failure to use caution when operating in reverse can result in
serious injury or death. Before shifting into reverse, always check
for obstacles or people behind the vehicle. When it’s safe to
proceed, back slowly.
Do not use the override switch unless additional power is required
for vehicle movement. Use with caution.
Avoid backing on inclines, and avoid turning at sharp angles.
NOTE:
Your Polaris ATV is equipped with a reverse speed limiter.
The override button should be used with caution as rearward
vehicle speed is greatly increased. Do not operate at wide
open throttle. Open the throttle just enough to maintain a
desired speed.
CAUTION
Excessive throttle operation while in the speed limit mode may
cause fuel to build in the exhaust, resulting in engine popping
and/or engine damage.
61
OPERATION
Driving Safely
Parking on an Incline
Avoid parking on an incline if possible. If it’s unavoidable, follow
these precautions:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Place the transmission in PARK.
3. Set the parking brake.
4. Always block the rear wheels on the downhill side as shown in the
illustration.
5. Shut off the fuel supply.
62
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Noise Emission Control System
Do not modify the engine, intake or exhaust components, as doing so
may affect compliance with U.S.A. EPA noise control requirements (40
CFR 205) and local noise level requirements.
Operation on Public Lands in the U.S.A.
Your Polaris vehicle has a spark arrestor that was tested and qualified
to be in accordance with the USDA Forest Service Standard 5100-1C.
Federal law requires that this spark arrestor be installed and functional
when the vehicle is operated on public lands.
Operation of off-road vehicles on public lands in the U.S.A. is
regulated by 43 CFR 8343. Violations are subject to monetary
penalties. Federal regulations can be viewed online at
www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr/.
Crankcase Emission Control System
This engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system. Blow-by
gases are forced back to the combustion chamber by the intake system.
All exhaust gases exit through the exhaust system.
Exhaust Emission Control System
The emissions from the exhaust of this vehicle are controlled by engine
design, including factory-set fuel delivery and ignition. The engine
and related components must be maintained at Polaris specifications to
achieve optimal performance.
Engine idle speed is the only adjustment Polaris recommends that the
operator perform. Any other adjustments should be performed by an
authorized Polaris dealer.
The emissions label is located on the recoil cover or stator housing or
on the left lower side of the engine, below the clutch box (700).
Electromagnetic Interference
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
This vehicle complies with European directives 97/24/EC and
89/336/EEC.
63
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Careful periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle in the safest,
most reliable condition. Inspection, adjustment and lubrication of
important components are explained in the periodic maintenance chart.
Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris
parts available from your Polaris dealer.
Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on
page 128.
NOTE:
Service and adjustments are important for proper vehicle
operation. If you’re not familiar with safe service and
adjustment procedures, have a qualified dealer perform
these operations.
Maintenance intervals in the following chart are based upon average
riding conditions and an average vehicle speed of approximately 10
miles per hour. Vehicles subjected to severe use must be inspected and
serviced more frequently.
Severe Use Definition
S Frequent immersion in mud, water or sand
S Racing or race-style high RPM use
S Prolonged low speed, heavy load operation
S Extended idle
S Short trip cold weather operation
Pay special attention to the oil level. A rise in oil level during cold
weather can indicate contaminants collecting in the oil sump or
crankcase. Change oil immediately if the oil level begins to rise.
Monitor the oil level, and if it continues to rise, discontinue use and
determine the cause or see your dealer.
64
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Maintenance Chart Key
"
E
J
Perform these procedures more frequently for vehicles subjected to
severe use.
Emission-related service (Failure to conduct this maintenance will
not void the emissions warranty but may affect emissions.)
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
WARNING
Improperly performing the procedures marked with a J could
result in component failure and lead to serious injury or death.
Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
65
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Perform all services at whichever maintenance interval is reached first.
Item
Maintenance Interval
(whichever comes first)
Hours Calendar
Miles
(Km)
Remarks
J Steering
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Front suspension
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Rear suspension
--
Pre-Ride
--
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Brake fluid level
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Brake lever travel
--
Pre-Ride
--
Brake system
--
Pre-Ride
--
Wheels/fasteners
--
Pre-Ride
--
Frame fasteners
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Engine oil level
--
Pre-Ride
--
" Air filter, pre-filter
--
Daily
--
Inspect; clean often; replace
as needed
" Air box sediment
--
Daily
--
Drain deposits when visible
Coolant
--
Daily
--
Check level daily, change
coolant every 2 years
Headlamp/tail
lamp/worklight
--
Daily
--
Check operation; apply
dielectric grease if replacing
--
Weekly
--
Inspect; replace as needed
--
Weekly
--
Drain water as needed,
check often if operating in
wet conditions
10 H
Monthly
100 (160)
Inspect periodically
Tires
E
tube
" Air filter,
E main element
Recoil housing
" Brake pad wear
J
Battery
Make adjustments
j
as needed See Pre
ed.
Pre-Ride
Ride Checklist
on page 47.
20 H
Monthly
200 (320)
Check terminals; clean; test
" Front gearcase oil
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level; change yearly
" Rear gearcase oil
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level; change yearly
" Transmission oil
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect level; change yearly
" Engine breather
25 H
Monthly
250 (400)
Inspect; clean if needed
(if equipped)
E filter (if equipped)
" Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
E Emission-Related Service
J Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
66
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
" General
Maintenance Interval
Remarks
(whichever comes first)
Hours Calendar
Miles
(Km)
50 H
3M
500 (800)
Lubricate all fittings, pivots,
cables, etc.
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Drain bowl periodically and
prior to storage
J Throttle Cable/
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect; adjust; lubricate;
replace if necessary
J Choke cable
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect; adjust; lubricate;
replace if necessary
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect ducts for proper
sealing/air leaks
Drive belt
50 H
6M
500 (800)
Inspect; adjust; replace as
needed
Cooling system
50 H
6M
1000 (1600)
Inspect coolant strength
seasonally; pressure test
system yearly
" Engine oil change
100 H
6M
1000 (1600)
Perform a break-in oil
change at one month
" Oil filter change
100 H
6M
1000 (1600)
Replace with oil change
" Oil tank vent hose
(if equipped)
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect routing, condition
J Valve clearance
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect; adjust
J Fuel system/filter
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
" Radiator
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Check for leaks at tank cap,
lines, fuel valve, filter, pump,
carburetor; replace lines
every two years
Inspect; clean external
surfaces
" Cooling hoses
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect for leaks
" Engine mounts
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect
lubrication
Carburetor float
bowl
E ETC Switch
E
E Carburetor air
intake ducts/
flange
E
E
(if applicable)
(if applicable)
Exhaust muffler/
pipe
" Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
E Emission-Related Service)
J Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
67
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Periodic Maintenance Chart
Item
Maintenance Interval
Remarks
(whichever comes first)
Hours Calendar
Miles
(Km)
J Spark plug
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect; replace as needed
J Ignition Timing
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect
" Wiring
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
J Clutches (drive
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect for wear, routing,
security; apply dielectric
grease to connectors
subjected to water, mud, etc.
Inspect; clean; replace worn
parts
J Front wheel
100 H
12 M
1000 (1600)
Inspect; replace as needed
J Brake fluid
200 H
24 M
2000 (3200)
Change every two years
300 H
36 M
3000 (4800)
Clean out
E
E
and driven)
bearings
Spark arrestor
Idle speed
--
Adjust as needed
J Toe adjustment
--
Inspect periodically; adjust
when parts are replaced
--
Adjust as needed
Headlight aim
" Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
E Emission-Related Service)
J Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services.
68
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lubrication Guide
Check and lubricate all components at the intervals outlined in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 64. Items not listed in
the chart should be lubricated at the General Lubrication interval.
The a-arms and lower control arms are lubricated at the
factory, and no additional lubrication will be needed.
However, if these components are subjected to severe use,
grease zerks have been provided for additional lubrication at
the user’s discretion.
NOTE:
Lubrication Guide Key
"
More often under severe use
F
No. 2, such as Conoco Superlube M or Mobilegrease Special
Use Polaris Premium U-Joint Lube every 500 miles, before long
periods of storage, or after pressure washing or submerging.
L Polaris Premium All Season Grease or grease conforming to NLGI
Item
Lube
Method
Engine Oil
Polaris Premium 4 Synthetic 0W40
Add to proper level on dipstick.
Brake Fluid
DOT 3 Only
Maintain level between fill lines.
See page 34.
Transmission Oil
Polaris Premium AGL
Synthetic Gearcase Lube
See page 76 (450/500)
or page 78 (700).
Front Demand Drive
Unit (Front Gearcase)
Premium Demand Drive
Hub Fluid
See page 77.
Rear Gearcase Oil
Premium ATV Angle Drive
Fluid
See page 79 (700).
Front Prop Shaft Yoke
(Fig. 1)
FGrease
Grease fittings (3 pumps maximum).
Ball Joint (Fig. 2)
"LGrease
Locate fitting on back side of struts
and grease with grease gun.
(Fig. 2)
(Fig. 1)
69
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Always check and change the engine oil at the intervals outlined in the
Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 64. Always change the
oil filter whenever changing oil.
Premium 4 Synthetic Oil
Polaris Premium 4 All Season synthetic engine oil has been specially
formulated for use in Polaris 4-cycle engines. Polaris recommends the
use of Premium 4 in this engine, but use of any API certified “SH” oil
is allowable as long as it’s 0W-40. Oil may need to be changed more
frequently if Polaris Premium 4 is not used. Follow the manufacturer’s
recommendations for ambient temperature operation.
NOTE:
See page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
CAUTION
Mixing brands or using a non-recommended oil may cause
serious engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris
Premium 4 synthetic Oil or another 0W-40 API certified SH oil.
Never substitute or mix oil brands.
Oil Check
The 450/500 oil dipstick and fill
tube (1) are located on the left side of
the ATV. The 700 dipstick/oil fill (2) is
located on the engine and is accessible
on the left side of the ATV.
NOTE:
A rising oil level between
checks in cool weather driving
can indicate contaminants
such as gas or moisture
collecting in the crankcase. If
the oil level is over the
full/safe mark, change the oil
immediately.
1. Position the ATV on a level surface.
NOTE:
70
Do not start the 700 engine
before the oil check.
1
2
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Oil Check
2. Sportsman 450/500 only: Start the engine and let it idle for 20-30
seconds. Stop the engine.
3. Remove the dipstick and wipe it dry with a clean cloth.
NOTE:
If the dipstick is equipped with a lever lock (3), lift the lock to
remove the dipstick.
4. Reinstall the dipstick
completely, but do not
lock it (if equipped).
The dipstick must be
completely seated to
keep the angle and depth
of the stick consistent.
5. Remove the dipstick
and check the oil level.
Maintain the oil level in the
normal or safe range (4),
depending on the style of
dipstick in your model.
Do not overfill.
NOTE:
ADD 8 OZ.
3
NORMAL
FULL
4
ADD 8 OZ
SAFE
4
5
Due to the dipstick entry
angle into the crankcase
(700 models), the oil level
will read higher on the bottom
side of the dipstick. Always read
the level on the upper surface (5) of the dipstick.
6. After reinstalling the dipstick, be sure to seat the lever lock (if
equipped).
71
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Oil Change (450/500)
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. Clean the area around the
drain plug at the bottom of the oil tank and the bottom of the
engine.
2. Run the engine for two to three minutes, then turn it off.
3. Place a drain pan beneath the oil tank and remove the drain plug
(1). Allow the oil to drain completely.
4. Install a new sealing washer (2) on the oil drain plug.
NOTE:
The sealing surfaces on the drain plug and the oil tank
should be clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
5. Reinstall the drain plug
and torque to 14-17 ft.
lbs. (19-23 Nm).
6. Disconnect the lower oil
delivery hose and remove
the screen fitting (3) from
the oil tank. Clean the
fitting.
NOTE:
The fitting threads
must be sealed with
LOCTITE PST 505 or
PTFE seal tape.
2
1
4
3
7. Reinstall the screen fitting
and rotate the fitting
clockwise a minimum of
2 1/2 turns into the tank threads. Continue to rotate the fitting until
the nipple of the fitting aligns with the mark (4) on the tank.
NOTE:
Do not over-tighten. Maximum torque for the screen fitting is
25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
8. Reattach the oil line.
72
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Oil Change (450/500)
9. Place shop towels beneath the oil filter. Using an oil filter wrench,
turn the filter (1) counterclockwise and remove.
10. Lubricate the gasket on the new filter with a film of new engine
oil. Check to make sure the gasket is in good condition. Also
make sure the gasket from the old filter is not still on the engine.
11. Install the new filter and tighten by hand 1/2 to 3/4 turn after
gasket contacts the engine.
12. Approximately one cup of
engine oil will remain in the
crankcase. To drain, remove
the drain plug on the lower
right side of the crankcase.
NOTE:
The sealing surfaces on
the drain plug and
crankcase should be
clean and free of burrs,
nicks or scratches.
2
13. Reinstall the drain plug and
1
torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
14. Remove the dipstick (2) and add two quarts (1.9 l) of the
recommended oil. Reinstall the dipstick.
NOTE:
If the sump is not drained, add about 1 3/4 quarts initially.
15. Place the gear selector in neutral and set the parking brake.
16. Prime the oil pump using the procedure on page 74.. Then stop
the engine and inspect for leaks.
17. Recheck the oil level on the dipstick and add oil as necessary to
bring it to the recommended level on the dipstick.
18. Dispose of used filter and oil properly.
73
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Oil Change (450/500)
Oil Pump Priming
This priming procedure must be
performed whenever the oil hose
connection between the oil tank
and pump inlet has been
disconnected.
1. Clamp or pinch off the vent
line (1) approximately 2I
from the oil tank (2),
between the end of the oil
tank vent fitting and the vent
line’s pressure relief slit (3).
2. Run the engine for 10-20
seconds.
3. Remove the vent line clamp.
If the line is bled properly,
you should hear a rush of air,
indicating that the line is
properly primed and ready for
operation. If you do not hear
air, the line has not bled, and
you’ll need to repeat the
priming procedure.
74
2I
2
1
3
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
Oil Change (700)
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Run the engine for two to three minutes until warm. Stop the
engine.
3. Clean the area around the drain plug.
4. Place a drain pan beneath engine crankcase and remove the drain
plug.
CAUTION
Hot oil can cause serious burns. Do not allow hot oil to touch
skin.
5. Allow the oil to drain completely.
6. Replace the sealing washer on the drain plug.
NOTE:
The sealing surfaces on drain plug and crankcase should be
clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
7. Reinstall the drain plug and torque to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
8. Place shop towels beneath the oil filter. Using an oil filter wrench,
turn the filter counterclockwise to remove.
9. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing surface on the
crankcase.
10. Lubricate the o-ring on the new filter with a film of fresh engine
oil. Check to make sure the o-ring is in good condition.
11. Install the new filter and turn by hand until the filter gasket
contacts the sealing surface, then turn and additional 1/2 turn.
12. Remove the dipstick and fill the sump with two quarts (1.9 l) of
recommended oil.
13. Place the gear selector in PARK and set the parking brake.
14. Start the engine and let it idle for one to two minutes. Stop the
engine and inspect for leaks.
15. Re-check the oil level on the dipstick and add oil as necessary to
bring the level to the upper mark on the dipstick.
16. Dispose of used filter and oil properly.
75
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Transmission Oil (450/500)
Always check and change the transmission oil at the intervals outlined
in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 64. We
recommend the use of Polaris Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase
Lubricant. See page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Oil Check
On the Sportsman 450 and 500, the transmission fill plug (1) is located
on the left side of the ATV, under the rear fender, behind the wheel.
1
1. Position the ATV on a level surface and remove the fill plug.
2. Add the recommended oil as needed to bring the level to the
bottom of the fill plug hole threads.
3. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
Oil Change
The transmission drain plug (2) is located on the right side of the
gearcase, on the right side of the ATV, behind the wheel well.
2
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the fill plug and the transmission drain plug.
Drain the oil into a drain pan and dispose of properly.
Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
Add 32 oz. (948 ml) of the recommended transmission oil to bring
the level to the bottom of the fill plug.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
6. Check for leaks.
76
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Front Gearcase Oil
Always check and change the front gearcase oil at the intervals
outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 66.
Maintain the oil level even with the bottom of the fill hole threads (1).
We recommend the use of Polaris Premium Demand Drive Hub Fluid.
Use of other oils may result in improper operation of components. See
page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Oil Check
1. Position the ATV on a level surface.
2. Remove the fill plug (2) and view
the oil level.
3. Add the recommended gearcase oil
as needed to bring the level to the
bottom of the fill hole threads.
4. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to
8-10 ft. lbs. (11-14 Nm).
1
Oil Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface
and remove the fill plug.
2. Place a drain pan beneath the
gearcase, remove the gearcase drain
plug (3) located on the bottom
right-hand side, and drain the oil.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug.
Torque to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
4. Add 5 ounces (150 ml) of Polaris
Premium Demand Drive Hub Fluid.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 8-10 ft.
lbs. (11-14 Nm).
6. Check for leaks.
2
3
77
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Transmission Oil (700)
Always check and change the
transmission oil at the intervals outlined in
the Periodic Maintenance Chart
beginning on page 64. Maintain the
transmission oil level at the bottom of
the fill plug hole (1). We recommend the
use of Polaris Premium AGL Synthetic
Gearcase Lubricant. See page 111 for the
part numbers of Polaris products.
The transmission oil fill plug (2) is
located on the right side of the ATV
behind the footwell. The transmission
drain plug (3), is located on the bottom
left-hand side of the gearcase.
2
1
3
Oil Check
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the footwell (see page 85).
Remove the fill plug and check the oil level.
Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
Reinstall the footwell.
Oil Change
1. Remove the footwell (see page 85).
2. Remove the drain plug and drain the oil into a drain pan. Dispose
of properly.
3. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
4. Remove the fill plug and add 15 oz. (450 ml) of the recommended
transmission oil.
5. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
6. Check for leaks.
7. Reinstall the footwell.
78
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Rear Gearcase Oil (700)
The rear gearcase fill plug (1) is located
on the rear of the gearcase. The drain
plug (2) is on the bottom of the
gearcase. Always check and change
the rear gearcase oil at the intervals
outlined in the Periodic
Maintenance Chart beginning on
page 64. The oil capacity is 5
1
ounces (150 ml). Do not overfill.
We recommend the use of Polaris ATV
Angle Drive Fluid (or GL5 80-90 weight gear lube).
See page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
2
Oil Check
1. Position the ATV on a level surface. Remove the fill plug.
NOTE:
Use a light colored non-absorbent
object (such as a cable tie, L-shaped
wire or a small L-shaped tool) to
measure the oil level.
2. Insert the measuring object into the fill
plug hole with the short end pointing
downward. Guide the object (at a
slight angle downward and to the left)
approximately two inches (5 cm) into
the left side of the gearcase. Remove it
and verify that oil is present on the tip.
S If oil is present, do not add oil.
S If oil is not present, add 5-10 ml of the recommended oil.
3. After adding oil, recheck the oil level. Add oil as needed until oil
appears on the tip of the measuring object. DO NOT OVERFILL.
4. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
Oil Change
1. Place a drain pan beneath the drain and remove the drain plug.
Catch and discard used oil properly.
2. Clean and reinstall the drain plug with a new sealing washer.
Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
3. Remove the fill plug and add 5 ounces (150 ml) of the
recommended gearcase oil. DO NOT OVERFILL.
4. Reinstall the fill plug. Torque to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm). Check for
leaks.
79
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
Radiator Coolant Level
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine, we
recommend that the system be completely drained every two years and
a fresh mixture of antifreeze and water added. Polaris recommends the
use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/coolant or a 50/50 mixture of
high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/coolant and distilled
water. Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and ready to use.
Do not dilute with water. See page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris
products.
NOTE:
Always follow the manufacturer’s mixing recommendations
for the freeze protection required in your area.
Any time the cooling system has been drained for maintenance or
repair, replace the coolant. If the recovery bottle has run dry, the level
in the radiator should be inspected. Add coolant as needed.
WARNING
Escaping steam can cause severe burns. Never remove the
pressure cap while the engine is warm or hot. Always allow the
engine to cool before removing the pressure cap.
1. To access the radiator pressure
cap, open the front box lid and
pull open the access door.
2. Remove the pressure cap (1).
3. Using a funnel, slowly add
coolant through the radiator
filler neck.
4. Reinstall the pressure cap,
secure the access door and close
the box.
NOTE:
80
1
Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the
recovery system to function properly. Contact your dealer for
the correct replacement part.
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Engine Cooling System
Coolant Level
The recovery bottle (1) is located on
the left side of the machine. To
access the recovery bottle, remove
the left side panel as outlined on
page 85.
Maintain the coolant level between
the minimum and maximum marks
on the bottle (when the fluid is
cool). Add coolant as needed.
1
Cooling System Operation
The engine coolant level is controlled or maintained by the recovery
system. The recovery system components are the recovery bottle,
radiator filler neck, radiator pressure cap and connecting hose.
As coolant operating temperature increases, the expanding (heated)
excess coolant is forced out of the radiator, past the pressure cap, and
into the recovery bottle. As engine coolant temperature decreases, the
contracting (cooled) coolant is drawn back up from the tank, past the
pressure cap, and into the radiator.
NOTE:
Some coolant level drop on new machines is normal, as the
system is purging itself of trapped air. Observe coolant
levels and maintain as recommended by adding coolant to
the recovery bottle.
81
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Brakes
The front and rear brakes are hydraulic disc brakes, activated by
moving the single brake lever toward the handlebar. These brakes are
self-adjusting.
The following checks are recommended to keep the brake system in
good operating condition. Check more often if brakes are used heavily
under normal operation.
WARNING
Never store or use a partial bottle of brake fluid. Brake fluid is
hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air.
The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to
drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the possibility of
accident or severe injury. After opening a bottle of brake fluid,
always discard any unused portion.
1. Always keep brake fluid at an adequate level (see page 34).
WARNING
An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake
lock-up, which could result in serious injury or death. Maintain
brake fluid at the recommended level. Do not overfill.
NOTE:
82
Under normal operation, the diaphragm extends into the
reservoir as fluid level drops. If the fluid level is low and the
diaphragm is not extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm
should be replaced. Always fill the reservoir as needed
whenever the cover is loosened or removed to ensure proper
diaphragm operation. Use Polaris DOT 3 brake fluid. Do not
overfill.
Brakes
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
2. Check the brake system for fluid leaks.
3. Check the brakes for excessive travel or
spongy feel.
4. Check the friction pads for wear,
damage and looseness.
5. Check the security and surface
condition of the disc.
NOTE:
Pads should be changed
when worn to 3/64″ (.1 cm).
3/64″ (.1 cm)
Auxiliary Brake
The auxiliary brake system is intended to be used as a backup for the
main brake system. Should the main system fail, the rear brake can be
activated by depressing the foot pedal on the inside of the right
footrest. The hydraulic auxiliary brake system requires no adjustment.
NOTE:
Since this is a rear brake only, it will not be as effective as
the all-wheel single lever system.
83
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Steering Assembly
The steering assembly of the ATV should be checked periodically for
loose nuts and bolts. If loose nuts and bolts are found, see your Polaris
dealer for service before operating the vehicle.
Toe Alignment
WARNING
Severe injury or death can result from improper toe alignment and
adjustment. Do not attempt to adjust tie rod alignment. All tie rod
adjustments should be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer.
Use the following procedure to check the toe alignment of the vehicle.
The recommended toe alignment is 1/8″ to 1/4″ toe out.
1. Set the handlebars in a
straight-ahead position.
NOTE:
The steering frog can
be used as an indicator
of whether the
handlebars are straight.
The frog should always
point straight back from
the steering post.
2
2. Place stands (1) in front of
the vehicle, perpendicular to
the rear tires. See
3
illustration.
3. Tie an elastic string around
the stands, making sure the
string just touches the side
surface of the rear tires on
each side of the vehicle and
goes around the stands in
1
front of the vehicle (2).
4. Measure the distance from
the string to the rim at the
front and rear of the front rim (3). Rear measurement should be
1/16″ - 1/8″ (.2 to .3 cm) more than the front measurement.
NOTE:
84
If you discover improper alignment, see your Polaris dealer
for service.
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Side Panel Removal
1. Remove the seat.
2. Grasp the rear of the side panel near the rear cab. With a firm
motion, pull the panel outward to disengage the side panel from the
grommet.
3. Pull the panel downward and rearward to remove it from the ATV.
4. Reinstall the side panel by reversing the removal procedure.
3
1
2
3
Footwell Removal
1. Remove the four screws (1)
on the bottom of the footwell.
2. Use a flat screwdriver or
sidecutters to remove the
plastic rivets (2) securing the
footwell to the fenders.
3. Remove the footwell.
2
1
85
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
WARNING
Operating your ATV with worn tires, improperly inflated tires,
non-standard tires or improperly installed tires will affect vehicle
handling and could cause an accident resulting in serious injury or
death.
Maintain proper tire pressure as described on the decal on your
ATV and in the owner’s manual.
Always use original equipment size and type when replacing tires.
Make sure the wheels are installed properly.
Always replace tires when the tread depth measures 1/8″ (.3 cm)
or less.
Tire Tread Depth
Always replace tires when tread
depth is worn to 1/8″ (.3 cm) or less.
See illustration.
1/8I (.3 cm)
Front Wheel Hub Tightening
Front wheel bearing tightness and spindle
nut retention are critical component
operations. All service must be performed
by your authorized Polaris dealer.
Wheel Removal
1. Stop the engine, place the transmission in PARK and lock the
parking brake.
2. Loosen the wheel nuts slightly.
3. Elevate the side of the vehicle by placing a suitable stand under the
footrest frame.
4. Remove the wheel nuts and remove the wheel.
86
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Wheel Installation
1. Place the transmission in
PARK and lock the parking
brake.
WARNING
Improperly installed wheels
can adversely affect tire wear
and vehicle handling, which
can result in serious injury or
death. Always ensure that all
nuts are torqued to
specification. Do not service
axle nuts that have a cotter pin
installed. See your Polaris
dealer.
2. Place the wheel on the wheel hub with the valve stem toward the
outside and the rotation arrows on the tire pointing toward forward
rotation.
3. Install the wheel nuts and finger tighten.
4. Lower the vehicle to the ground.
5. Torque the wheel nuts to specification.
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications
Check the wheel nut torques occasionally and when they’ve been
loosened for maintenance service.
Item
Specification
Front Wheel Nuts
27 ft. lbs. (37 Nm)
Rear Wheel Nuts
27 ft. lbs. (37 Nm)
87
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Filter Systems
Air Filter Service
1
1. Remove the seat, release the
air box cover clips, and
2
remove the air box cover.
2. Loosen the clamp and remove
the filter.
3. Remove the fabric type
pre-filter (1) from the main
filter (2). Wash the pre-filter
in soapy water, then rinse and
3
let dry.
4. Reinstall the pre-filter over the
main filter. (Replace the main
filter if needed.)
5. Reinstall the filter into the air box and tighten the clamp. Do not
over tighten the clamp, as filter damage could occur.
6. Reinstall the air box cover and the seat.
Breather Filter/Hose
1. To access the breather filter (3), remove the left side panel as
outlined on page 85. The breather filter is on the hose that runs
between the engine and air box.
2. Remove the clamps and pull the filter out of the hoses.
NOTE:
It’s not necessary to remove the lower hose from the engine.
3. Inspect the filter for debris. Blow gently through the filter in the
direction of the arrow to check for clogging. Replace if needed.
4. Check the hoses for cracks, deterioration, abrasion, or leaks.
Replace as needed.
5. Reinstall the filter and secure the clamps.
NOTE:
The filter is effective with the arrow pointing in either
direction.
CAUTION
Operation of your vehicle without a breather filter can cause
engine damage. Always reinstall the breather filter after removing
for service.
88
Lights
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
When servicing a halogen lamp, don’t touch the lamp with bare
fingers. Oil from your skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that
will shorten the life of the lamp.
WARNING
Poor lighting while driving can result in severe injury or death.
Headlight and taillight lenses become dirty during normal
operation. Wash the headlights frequently to maintain lighting
quality.
Hot components can cause serious burns to skin. Allow lamps to
cool before servicing.
Headlight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the two screws on the lower front corners of the headlight
pod.
2. Remove the screw from the rear of the pod.
3. Lift the pod slightly while depressing the tabs at the rear of the
pod.
4. Lift the pod cover and disconnect the speedometer harnesses from
the speedometer.
5. Unplug the headlamp from the wiring harness. Be sure to pull on
the connector, not on the wiring.
6. Turn the lamp counterclockwise to remove it.
7. Apply dielectric grease to the socket and install the new lamp.
NOTE:
Make sure the tab on the lamp locates properly in the
housing.
8. Reassemble the pod.
89
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
High Beam Adjustment
The headlight beam can be adjusted slightly upward or downward.
Use the following procedure to make the adjustment.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight
approximately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a wall.
2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of the headlight
and make a mark on the wall at the same height.
3. Start the engine and turn the headlight switch to high beam.
4. Observe the headlight aim on the wall. The most intense part of
the headlight beam should be two inches (5.1 cm) below the mark
on the wall.
NOTE:
Include rider weight on the seat when measuring.
5. The adjustment knob is located on the right side of the headlight
pod. Adjust the beam to the desired position by turning the knob
either clockwise or counterclockwise.
Low Beam Adjustment
The low beam can be
adjusted slightly upward or
downward.
1. Loosen the phillips
screw (2) located at the
rear of the headlamp.
2. Tilt the headlamp
upward or downward.
3. Tighten the screw.
90
1
Lights
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Headlight Housing Replacement
1. Remove the two screws on the lower front corners of the headlight
pod.
2. Lift the pod slightly while depressing the tabs at the rear of the
pod.
3. Lift the pod cover and disconnect the speedometer harnesses from
the speedometer.
4. Unplug the headlamp from the wiring harness.
5. Use a small screwdriver to remove the o-rings from the headlight
mounting tabs.
6. Pull the headlight housing up to release it from the locking tabs.
7. Lift the adjusting knob up to remove it from the locking tabs.
8. Carefully pull the assembly up and out of the pod.
9. Reverse the steps to install the new
housing and reassemble the pod.
NOTE:
The distance from the
headlamp parting line to the
end of the adjustment knob
stop is 5 1/8″ (13 cm).
10. Adjust the headlight aim by
turning the adjusting knob.
5 1/8″
(13 cm)
91
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Lights
Lower Headlamp Removal / Installation
1. Turn the back of the headlight
harness (1) counterclockwise
and pull the harness assembly
away from the headlight
assembly.
2. Remove the headlamp and
install the new headlamp.
3. Reinstall the harness assembly
into the headlight assembly.
4. Turn the headlight harness
clockwise to secure the
headlamp.
1
Taillight/Brakelight/Worklight Lamp Replacement
1. Remove the harness
connector (1) from the
back of the light assembly.
2. Turn the lamp (2)
counterclockwise to
remove it.
3. Apply dielectric grease to
the socket and install the
new lamp.
4. Reinstall the harness
connector.
5. Test the light for proper
operation.
92
2
1
1
2
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Plugs
Always use the spark plugs recommended for your ATV. Refer to the
specifications section beginning on page 116 for the recommended spark
plug type and gap.
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine
damage. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs.
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug
firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed
up and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately
check the spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear
protective gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
1. Normal
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This
indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
NOTE:
The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates
overheating, caused by use of an improper spark plug or
incorrect carburetion adjustments.
2. Wet Fouled
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil,
use of non-recommended oil, improper use of the choke, or incorrect
carburetion adjustments.
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Using the special wrench provided in the tool pouch, rotate the
spark plug counterclockwise to remove.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation, using the
recommended spark plug. Torque to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
93
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Vehicle Immersion
CAUTION
If your vehicle becomes immersed, major engine damage can
result if the machine is not thoroughly inspected. Take the
vehicle to your dealer before starting the engine.
If it’s impossible to take your ATV to a dealer before starting it, follow
the steps outlined below.
1. Move the ATV to dry land or at the very
least, to water below the footrests.
2. Check the air box for any water and
dry it if water is present. Filter
replacement is required if water
intrusion is evident.
3. Turn the fuel valve off.
4. Remove the spark plug.
5. Loosen the carburetor drain screw (1).
1
6. Turn the engine over several times
using the electric start.
7. Dry the spark plug and reinstall, or replace it with a new plug.
8. Tighten the carburetor drain screw.
9. Turn the fuel valve on.
10. Attempt to start the engine. If necessary, repeat the drying
procedure.
11. Take the ATV to your dealer for service as soon as possible,
whether you succeed in starting it or not.
NOTE:
94
If water has been ingested into the PVT, follow the procedure
on page 97 for drying out the PVT.
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Spark Arrestor
WARNING
Failure to heed the following warnings while servicing the spark
arrestor could result in serious injury or death.
Do not perform service on the spark arrestor while the system is
hot. Exhaust system temperatures can reach 1000° F. Allow
components to cool sufficiently before proceeding.
Remove any combustible materials from the area. Wear eye
protection and leather work gloves. Do not stand behind or in
front of the vehicle while purging. Never run the engine in an
enclosed area. Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide
gas.
Never go under the vehicle while it’s inclined.
1. Remove the arrestor clean-out
plug (1) from the bottom of the
muffler.
2. Place the transmission in PARK
and start the engine.
2
3. Purge carbon from the system by
momentarily revving the engine
1
several times.
4. If carbon is expelled, cover or plug the
exhaust outlet (2) and rap on the pipe around
the cleanout plug while revving the engine several more times.
5. If particles are still suspected to be in the muffler, elevate the rear
of the vehicle one foot higher than the front. Set the parking brake
and block the wheels. Make sure the vehicle is in PARK and
repeat steps 3 and 4 until no more particles are expelled when the
engine is revved.
6. Stop the engine and allow the arrestor to cool. Reinstall the
arrestor plug and remove the outlet cover or plug.
95
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
PVT System
The basic operation of the Polaris PVT system is dependent on engine
speed and vehicle torque requirements. As engine speed increases, the
force exerted on the movable drive sheave by the flyweights also
increases. This, in turn, increases the amount of pinch applied to the
drive belt. Similarly, if the engine speed decreases, the amount of
centrifugal force decreases, reducing the amount of belt pinch.
On Polaris ATVs, the approximate gear ratio difference between high
and low range is 1:2.25. This difference in gearing affects the operation
of the PVT, especially at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 KPH), due to the
system’s dependence on engine speed.
For example, when operating at a ground speed of 3 MPH (5 KPH) in
low range, the engine speed would be around 3000 RPM. This is well
above the engagement speed of 1200 - 1400 RPM. However, in high
range at 3 MPH (5 KPH), the engine would be running at only 1500
RPM. Whenever operating this close to the engagement speed, the
engine may be running at a speed too low to provide the pinch needed
to prevent belt slip. Belt slip is responsible for creating the excessive
heat that destroys belts and causes outer clutch covers to fail.
By switching to low range while operating at low ground speeds, the
air temperature in the clutch cover is reduced by almost 160 degrees.
Reducing the temperature inside the clutch cover extends the life of the
PVT components (belt, cover, etc.).
When To Use Low Range vs. High Range
Following is a guideline for when to use low range and high range.
Low Range
S When basic operation is at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 KPH)
S For heavy pulling
S When operating in rough terrain (swamps, mountains, etc.) at low
ground speeds
High Range
S When basic operation is at speeds greater than 7 MPH (11 KPH)
S When operating at high ground speeds
96
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
PVT System
WARNING
Failure to comply with the instructions in this warning can result in
severe injury or death.
Do not modify any component of the PVT system. Doing so may
reduce its strength so that a failure may occur at a high speed.
The PVT system has been precision balanced. Any modification
will cause the system to be out of balance, creating vibration and
additional loads on components.
The PVT system rotates at high speeds, creating large amounts
of force on clutch components. Extensive engineering and
testing has been conducted to ensure the safety of this product.
However, as the owner, you have the following responsibilities to
make sure this system remains safe:
Always follow all recommended maintenance procedures. See
your dealer as outlined in the owner’s manual.
This PVT system is intended for use on Polaris products only. Do
not install it in any other product.
Always make sure the PVT housing is securely in place during
operation.
PVT Drying
There may be some instances when water is accidently ingested into
the PVT system. Use the following instructions to dry it out before
operating:
1. Remove the drain plug and allow the water to drain. Replace the
drain plug.
2. Start the engine and shift the transmission into neutral. Apply
varying throttle for 10-15 seconds to expel the moisture and air-dry
the belt and clutches. Do not hold the throttle wide open for more
than 10 seconds.
3. Allow the engine RPM to settle to idle speed, then shift the
transmission to the lowest available range.
4. Test for belt slippage. If the belt slips, repeat the process.
5. Take the vehicle to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
97
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
Your ATV may have either a sealed battery, which requires little
maintenance, or a conventional battery. A sealed battery can be
identified by its flat covers on the top of the battery. A conventional
battery has six filler caps on the top of the battery.
Always keep battery terminals and connections free of corrosion. If
cleaning is necessary, remove corrosion with a stiff wire brush. Wash
with a solution of one tablespoon baking soda and one cup water.
Rinse well with tap water and dry off with clean shop towels. Coat the
terminals with dielectric grease or petroleum jelly. Be careful not to
allow cleaning solution or tap water into a conventional battery.
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains sulfuric acid. Serious
burns can result from contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
Antidote:
External: Flush with water.
Internal: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk
of magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call physician
immediately.
Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical
attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame,
cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using in an
enclosed space. Always shield eyes when working near
batteries. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
98
Battery
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery Removal
1. Disconnect the hold-down strap holding the battery in position, and
remove battery cover.
2. On conventional batteries, remove the battery vent tube.
3. Disconnect the black (negative) battery cable first.
4. Disconnect the red (positive) battery cable next.
5. Lift the battery out of the ATV. Be careful not to tip a conventional
battery sideways, which could spill electrolyte.
CAUTION
If electrolyte spills, immediately wash it off with a solution of one
tablespoon baking soda and one cup water to prevent damage to
the vehicle.
Battery Installation
1. Set the battery in the battery holder.
2. With conventional batteries, install the battery vent tube (sealed
batteries do not have a vent tube).
NOTE:
3.
4.
5.
6.
The vent tube must be free of obstructions and securely
installed. If not, battery gases could accumulate and cause
an explosion. The tube should be routed away from the
frame and body to prevent corrosion. Avoid skin contact with
electrolyte, which can cause severe burns.
First connect and tighten the red (positive) cable.
Second connect and tighten the black (negative) cable.
Reinstall the battery cover and attach the hold-down strap.
Verify that cables are properly routed.
NOTE:
When installing a new battery, make sure it’s fully charged
prior to its initial use. Using a new battery that has not been
fully charged can damage the battery and result in a shorter
life. It can also hinder vehicle performance.
99
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery
Battery Storage
When the vehicle is placed in storage for three months or more, the
battery should be removed, stored out of the sun in a cool, dry place
and tested monthly. Before reusing, take the battery to your dealer for
testing and recharging.
Power plug leads may need to be bent down so that the battery cover
can be installed.
Replenishing Battery Fluid (Conventional Battery)
A poorly maintained battery will
deteriorate rapidly. Check the battery
fluid level often. The fluid level should
be kept between the upper and lower
level marks (1).
To refill use only distilled water. Tap
water contains minerals that are harmful
to a battery.
1
WARNING
Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result
in an explosion and cause serious injury or death. When
removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black)
cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the
negative (black) cable last.
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
The following battery charging instructions apply only to the
installation of a YUASA activated, sealed battery. Read all
instructions before proceeding with the installation of this battery.
The YUASA activated, sealed battery is already filled with electrolyte
and has been sealed and fully charged at the factory. Do not ever pry
the sealing strip off or add any other fluid to this battery.
The single most important thing to maintaining a sealed battery is to
keep it fully charged. Since the battery is sealed and the sealing strip
cannot be removed, you must use a voltmeter or multimeter to measure
DC voltage.
100
Battery
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Battery Charging (Sealed Battery)
For a refresh charge, follow all instructions carefully.
1. Check the battery voltage with a voltmeter or multimeter. A fully
charged battery will register 12.8 V or higher.
2. If the voltage is less than 12.8 volts, recharge the battery.
NOTE:
When using an automatic charger, refer to the charger
manufacturer’s instructions for recharging. When using a
constant current charger, use the following guidelines for
recharging.
WARNING
An overheated battery could explode, causing severe injury or
death. Always watch charging times carefully. Stop charging if the
battery becomes very warm to the touch. Allow it to cool before
resuming charging.
NOTE:
Always verify battery condition before and 1-2 hours after the
end of charging.
State of
Charge
Voltage
Action
Charge Time*
100%
12.8-13.0 volts
None, check at
3 mos. from date of
manufacture
None required
75%-100%
12.5-12.8 volts
May need slight
charge, if no
charge given,
check in 3 months
3-6 hours
50%-75%
12.0-12.5 volts
Needs Charge
5-11 hours
25%-50%
11.5-12.0 volts
Needs Charge
At least 13 hours,
verify state of charge
0%-25%
11.5 volts or less
Needs Charge
At least 20 hours
(Using constant current
charger @ standard amps
specified on top of battery)
101
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Accessories
Auxiliary power outlets provide 12V power for operating accessories
such as hand held spot lights. Accessory outlets are available for all
models. Polaris also has a wide range of additional accessories
available for your ATV. See your Polaris dealer.
Cleaning and Storage
See page 111 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Washing the ATV
Keeping your ATV clean will not only improve its appearance but it
can also extend the life of various components.
The best and safest way to clean your ATV is with a garden hose and a
pail of mild soap and water. Use a professional type washing mitten,
cleaning the upper body first and the lower parts last. Rinse with water
frequently and dry with a chamois to prevent water spots. Avoid the
use of harsh cleaners which can scratch the finish.
NOTE:
If warning and safety labels are damaged, contact your
Polaris dealer for free replacement.
CAUTION
High water pressure may damage ATV components. Polaris
recommends washing the ATV by hand or with a garden hose
using mild soap.
Certain products, including insect repellants and chemicals, will
damage plastic surfaces. Do not allow these types of products to
come into contact with the ATV.
If a high pressure water system is used, exercise extreme caution to
avoid damaging wheel bearings, radiator, transmission seals, body
panels, brakes and warning labels. Grease all zerk fittings immediately
after washing, and allow the vehicle to run for a while to evaporate any
water that may have entered the engine or exhaust system.
Waxing the ATV
Unless it has a special finish, your ATV can be waxed with any
non-abrasive automotive paste wax. Do not wax models that have a
camouflage finish.
102
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
CAUTION
Starting the engine during the storage period will disturb the
protective film created by fogging and damage could occur. Never
start the engine during the storage period.
Clean the Exterior
Make necessary repairs and then clean the ATV thoroughly with mild
soap and warm water to remove all dirt and grime. Don’t use harsh
detergents or high pressure washers. Some detergents deteriorate rubber
parts. Use dish soap type cleaners only. High pressure washers may
force water past seals.
Stabilize the Fuel
Fill the fuel tank. Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris
Fuel Stabilizer. Follow the instructions on the container for the
recommended amount. (Carbon clean will also reduce the possibility of
bacterial growth in the fuel system.) Allow 15-20 minutes of operation
for the stabilizer to disperse through the fuel in the tank and carburetor.
Turn the fuel valve off and drain the carburetor bowl.
Oil and Filter
Warm the engine and change the oil and filter.
Air Filter / Air Box
Inspect and clean or replace the pre-cleaner and air filter. Clean the air
box and drain the sediment tube.
Breather Filter
Inspect and clean or replace the breather filter.
Fluid Levels
Inspect the following fluid levels and change if necessary:
S Front demand drive unit (front gearcase)
S Rear gearcase
S Transmission
S Brake fluid (change every two years or as required if fluid looks dark
or contaminated)
103
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
Fog the Engine
1. Remove the spark plug and add 2-3 tablespoons of Premium 4
Synthetic 0W40 engine oil. To access the plug hole, use a section of
clear 1/4” hose and a small plastic squeeze bottle filled with the
pre-measured amount of oil.
NOTE:
Do this carefully! If you miss the plug hole, oil will drain from
the spark plug cavity into the hole at the front of the cylinder
head, and appear to be an oil leak.
2. Reinstall the spark plug. Torque to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
3. Apply dielectric grease to the inside of the spark plug cap and install
the cap onto the plug.
4. Turn the engine over several times. Oil will be forced in and around
the piston rings and ring lands, coating the cylinder with a protective
film of fresh oil.
Alternative to Using Fogging Oil
If you choose not to use Polaris Fogging Oil, perform the following
procedure.
1. Treat the fuel system with Polaris Carbon Clean, following the
instructions on the can. Run the engine for several minutes so the
Carbon Clean reaches the carburetor. Turn the engine off.
2. Support the front end of the machine so the engine is level or tilted
slightly rearward.
3. Remove the spark plug. Rotate the piston to BDC and pour
approximately two ounces of recommended oil into the cylinder.
4. Reinstall the spark plug and torque to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
5. Apply dielectric grease to the inside of the spark plug cap and install
the cap onto the plug.
6. Turn the engine over several times to ensure coverage of piston
rings, cylinder walls and crankshaft bearings.
7. If Polaris fuel system additive is not used, fuel tank, fuel lines, and
carburetor should be completely drained of gasoline. To eliminate
any fuel remaining in the carburetor, run the engine until it stops.
104
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Cleaning and Storage
Storage Tips
Inspect and Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate. Follow lubrication guidelines in the
Maintenance Section of the service or owner’s manual to completely
grease and lubricate the entire vehicle with Polaris Premium All
Season Grease.
Battery Maintenance (Conventional)
Remove the battery and add distilled water to the proper level. Do not
use tap water, which may contain minerals that reduce battery life.
Apply dielectric grease to the terminal bolts and terminals. Charge the
battery at 1.4 amps or less until the specific gravity of each cell is
1.265 or greater. Store the battery in a cool, dry place.
Charge can be maintained easily by using Polaris Battery Tendert
charger (PN 2871076) or by charging about once a month to make up
for normal self-discharge. Battery Tendert can be left connected
during the storage period, and will automatically charge the battery if
the voltage drops below a pre-determined point. Check the fluid level
monthly.
Battery Maintenance (Sealed)
Remove the battery and recharge it as outlined on page 100. Store the
battery in a cool, dry place.
Engine Anti-Freeze
Test engine coolant strength and change if necessary. Coolant should
be replaced every two years.
Storage Area/Covers
Set the tire pressure and safely support the ATV with the tires 1-2” off
the ground. Be sure the storage area is well ventilated, and cover the
machine with a genuine Polaris ATV cover.
NOTE:
Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow
enough ventilation to prevent condensation, and may promote
corrosion and oxidation.
105
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
Transporting the ATV
Follow these procedures when
transporting the vehicle.
1. Turn off the engine and
remove the key to prevent
loss during transporting.
2. Place the transmission in
PARK and lock the
parking brake.
3. Turn the fuel valve off and
be sure the fuel cap, oil
cap and seat are installed
securely.
4. Always tie the frame of
the ATV to the
transporting unit securely
with suitable straps or
rope. Do not attach tie
straps to the front A-arm
bolt pockets.
106
ADJUSTMENTS
Camber and Caster
The camber and caster are non-adjustable.
Rear Spring
The rear shock absorber spring is
adjusted by rotating the adjuster (1)
either clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or
decrease spring tension.
NOTE:
1
Accessory springs are
available through your
Polaris dealer.
Handlebars
The handlebars can be adjusted for rider preference.
WARNING
Improper adjustment of the handlebars or incorrect torquing of
the adjuster block tightening bolts can cause limited steering or
loosening of the handlebars, resulting in loss of control and
possible serious personal injury or death. Follow the adjustment
procedures exactly, or see your Polaris dealer for service.
1. Locate handlebar bolts (1)
by removing the upper
headlight pod.
2. Loosen the four bolts.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the
desired height. Be sure the
handlebars do not contact the gas
1
tank or any other part of the
machine when turned fully to the
left or right.
4. Torque the front two bolts to 10-12 ft. lbs. (14-17 Nm), then torque
the rear two bolts. A gap of up to 1/8” will remain at the rear bolts.
107
ADJUSTMENTS
Carburetor/Idle RPM
Your Polaris ATV is calibrated at the factory for optimal performance
at altitudes ranging from zero to 6,000 feet (1800 m) and temperatures
of +40 degrees F. (4 degrees C.) or higher. Above 6000 feet (1800 m)
the engine air/fuel mixture becomes overly rich and the engine loses
approximately 3% of its power for each 1000-foot (304.8 m) increase
in elevation. Although this power cannot be regained, adjustments to
the carburetor and drive system can be made to allow more efficient
operation. Optional jets, available from your Polaris dealer, are
required for operation above 6,000 feet and temperatures below +40
degrees F. (4 degrees C.)
If the engine idle speed is not satisfactory, and
all other conditions are favorable, the carburetor
can be adjusted.
1. Warm up the engine by running the vehicle
for approximately five minutes.
2. Place the transmission in gear with the
parking brake applied.
3. Adjust the carburetor idle screw (1) either in
1
or out until the desired idle RPM is reached.
Turning the screw in (clockwise) will raise
RPM. Turning the screw out
(counterclockwise) will lower RPM.
NOTE:
108
Continuous operation of the engine without proper jetting
when required can cause poor performance, overheating or
engine damage. See your Polaris dealer for more information
about jetting the ATV for conditions in your area.
Throttle Cable Freeplay
ADJUSTMENTS
Throttle cable freeplay is adjusted at the handlebar.
1. Slide the boots (1) off the inline cable adjuster sleeve (2). Loosen
the adjuster locknut (3).
2. Turn the adjuster until 1/16″ to 1/8″ freeplay is achieved at the
thumb lever.
NOTE:
While adjusting freeplay, be sure to flip the throttle lever back
and forth.
3. Tighten the locknut and slide the boots over the cable adjuster until
they touch at the midpoint of the adjuster.
1
2
3
1
109
NOTES
110
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part No.
Description
2870791
2871281
2871844
Engine Lubricant
Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol)
Premium 4 Synthetic 0W-40 (4-Cycle) Engine Oil (qt.)
Premium 4 Synthetic 0W-40 (4-Cycle) Engine Oil (gal.)
2873602
2873603
2871653
2872276
2870465
2871654
2872277
Gearcase / Transmission Lubricants
Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lube (qt.)
Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lube (gal.)
Premium ATV Angle Drive Fluid (8 oz.)
Premium ATV Angle Drive Fluid (2.5 gal.)
Pump for Gallon Jug
Premium Demand Drive Hub Fluid (8 oz.)
Premium Demand Drive Hub Fluid (2.5 gal.)
2871322
2871423
2871460
2871515
2871551
2871312
2871329
2872073
2872348
Grease / Specialized Lubricants
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
Starter Drive Grease
Premium U-Joint Lube (3 oz.)
Premium U-Joint Lube (14 oz.)
Grease Gun Kit
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Chain Lube (6.25 oz. aerosol)
Chain Lube (16 oz. aerosol)
2871323
2871534
Coolant
60/40 Coolant (gal.)
60/40 Coolant (qt.)
2872889
2871326
2870652
2870990
2872893
2871956
Additives / Miscellaneous
Brake and Clutch Cleaner
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
DOT3 Brake Fluid
Engine Degreaser
LOCTITE 565 Thread Sealant
111
TROUBLESHOOTING
Contact your Polaris dealer for service if you’re unable to identify
solutions using the following charts.
Drive Belt and Cover Problems
Possible Cause
Solution
Driving onto a pickup or
tall trailer in high range
Shift transmission to low range during loading of the ATV
to prevent belt burning.
Starting out going up a
steep incline
When starting out on an incline, use low range or dismount the ATV (after first applying the park brake) and
perform the K-turn as described on page 58.
Driving at low RPM or
low ground speed (at
approximately 3-7 MPH)
Drive at a higher speed or use low range more frequently.
The use of low range is highly recommended for cooler
PVT operating temperatures and longer component life.
Insufficient warm-up of
Warm the engine at least 5 minutes. With the transmission
ATVs exposed to low am- in neutral, advance the throttle to about 1/8 throttle in
bient temperatures
short bursts, 5 to 7 times. The belt will become more flexible and prevent belt burning.
Slow/easy clutch engagement
Use the throttle quickly and effectively.
Towing/pushing at low
RPM/low ground speed
Use low range only.
Utility use/plowing
Use low range only.
Stuck in mud or snow
Shift the transmission to low range, and carefully use fast,
aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
WARNING: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control
and vehicle overturn.
Climbing over large
objects from a stopped
position
Shift the transmission to low range and carefully use fast,
brief, aggressive throttle application to engage clutch.
WARNING: Excessive throttle may cause loss of control
and vehicle overturn.
Belt slippage from water
Shift the transmission to neutral. Using the throttle, vary
or snow ingestion into the the engine RPM from idle to full throttle. Repeat several
PVT system
times as required. During this procedure, the throttle
should not be held at the full position for more than 10
seconds. Clutch seals should be inspected for damage if
repeated leaking occurs.
Clutch malfunction
See your Polaris dealer.
Poor engine performance
Check for fouled plugs or foreign material in gas tank,
fuel lines, or carburetor. See your dealer.
Slippage from failure to
warm up belt
Always warm up the belt by operating below 30 mph for
one mile (5 miles or more when temperature is below
freezing).
Wrong or missing belt
Always use the recommended belt.
Improper break-in
Always break in a new belt and/or clutch by avoiding
aggressive or high speed operation during the first two full
tanks of fuel.
112
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Doesn’t Turn Over
Possible Cause
Solution
Tripped circuit breaker
Reset the breaker
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Loose battery connections
Check all connections and tighten
Loose solenoid connections
Check all connections and tighten
Engine Turns Over, Fails to Start
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Refuel
Clogged fuel valve or filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Water is present in fuel
Drain the fuel system and refuel
Fuel valve is turned off
Turn the fuel valve on
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Fouled or defective spark plug(s)
Inspect plug(s), replace if necessary
No spark to spark plug
Inspect plug(s), verify stop switch is on
Crankcase filled with water or fuel
Immediately see your Polaris dealer
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Clogged fuel filter
Replace the filter
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Pings or Knocks
Possible Cause
Solution
Poor quality or low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
113
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Backfires
Possible Cause
Solution
Weak spark from spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Old or non-recommended fuel
Replace with new fuel
Incorrectly installed spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect ignition timing
See your Polaris dealer
Mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires
Possible Weak Spark Cause
Solution
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Incorrect fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Lean Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Low or contaminated fuel
Add or change fuel, clean the fuel system
Low octane fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged fuel filter
Replace filter
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
Possible Rich Fuel Mixture Cause
Solution
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fuel is very high octane
Replace with lower octane fuel
Incorrect jetting
See your Polaris dealer
114
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Stops or Loses Power
Possible Cause
Solution
Out of fuel
Refuel
Kinked or plugged fuel vent line
Inspect and replace
Water present in fuel
Replace with new fuel
Overuse of choke
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Fouled or defective spark plugs
Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs
Worn or defective spark plug wires
See your Polaris dealer
Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range
Set gap to specs or replace plugs
Loose ignition connections
Check all connections and tighten
Low battery voltage
Recharge battery to 12.5 VDC
Incorrect fuel
Replace with recommended fuel
Clogged air filter
Inspect and clean or replace
Reverse speed limiter malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Electronic throttle control malfunction
See your Polaris dealer
Other mechanical failure
See your Polaris dealer
Overheated engine
Clean radiator screen and core
Clean engine exterior
See your Polaris dealer
Engine Overheating
Possible Cause
Solution
Debris lodged in screen
Remove and clean the screen. Pull on the
top portion of the screen, then remove the
lower portion.
Plugged Radiator
Use a garden hose to flush any debris
from the radiator fins. NOTE: High pressure washers can deform the radiator fins
and reduce cooling efficiency.
Obstructed cooling fan
Clean any debris or mud that may be interfering with fan movement.
115
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 450
Gross Vehicle Weight
Towing Capacity
Hitch Tongue Capacity
Front Rack/Storage Box Capacity
Rear Rack/Storage Box Capacity
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Dry Weight
Minimum Turning Radius
Fuel Capacity
Engine Oil Capacity
Coolant Capacity
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
Pilot Jet
Main Jet
Needle Jet
Jet Needle
Pilot Screw
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Carburetor
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Spark Plug / Gap
Lubrication System
Driving System Type
116
1200 lbs./544 kg
1225 lbs./556 kg
120 lbs./54 kg (Rear rack weight and tongue
weight not to exceed 180 lbs./81.6 kg)
90 lbs./40.8 kg
180 lbs./81.6 kg
83 in./211 cm
48 in./122 cm
48 in./122 cm
50.5 in./128.3 cm
11 in./27.9 cm
715 lbs./324 kg
65 in./165 cm
4.25 gal./16 l
2 qts./1.9 l
2.25 qts./2.13 l
EH460PLE010
455
87.9 x 75
42.5
167.5
P-6M (829)
4IB33-3
By flow (taper 12.5°)(Brass plug)
260 w
9.8 Full Stroke
34mm CV Mikuni
Digital CDI
30° +/-- 2° @ 5000 RPM
NGK BKR6E / .035 in. (0.9 mm)
Dry Sump
Automatic PVT (Polaris Variable Transmission)
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 450
Shift Type
Gear Reduction - Low
Gear Reduction - Reverse
Gear Reduction - Forward
Drive Ratio - Front
Tire, Front
Tire, Rear
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Auxiliary Brake
Parking Brake
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Shock Adjustment
Headlight
Side Lever (H/L/N/R/P)
23.91/1
16.30/1
10.49/1
3.82/1
Carlisle AT489 25 x 8 - 12 (5 psi)
Carlisle AT489 25 x 11 - 12 (5 psi)
Single-control hydraulic disc
Single-control hydraulic disc
Hydraulic, opposed piston caliper, fixed disc
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
MacPherson Strut with 8.2” (20.8 cm) of travel
Progressive Rate with 9.5” (24.1 cm) of travel
Rear Spring Preload Adjust
1 - Single Beam on Headlight Pod (50 w)
2 - Single Beam on Bumper (27 w)
8.26 w
26.9 w
LCD
Taillights
Brakelight
Instrument Cluster
Jetting Chart
Altitude
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F
Below 5° C
+40° F and above
+5° C and above
Meters
(Feet)
(
)
0-1800
(0-6000)
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
175
167.5
162.5
157.5
Clutching Chart
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix
and Spring
Setting
0-1800
(0-6000)
10 WH
PN 5630710
Blue/Gray
PN 7042202
Black
PN 7041782
40°
PN 5131446
2+2
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
20-40
PN 5631356
Blue/Gray
PN 7042202
Black
PN 7041782
40°
PN 5131446
2+2
117
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 500
Gross Vehicle Weight
Hitch Towing Rating
Unbraked Trailer Towing
Capacity*
Hitch Tongue Capacity
1200 lbs./544 kg
1225 lbs./556 kg
1786 lbs. (810 kg)
Front Rack/Storage Box Capacity
90 lbs./40.8 kg
Rear Rack/Storage Box Capacity
180 lbs./81.6 kg
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Dry Weight
83 in./211 cm
48 in./122 cm
48 in./122 cm
50.5 in./128.3 cm
11.25 in./28.6 cm
715 lbs./324 kg (HO)
722 lbs./327 kg (New Break-Up)
65 in./165 cm
4.25 gal./16 l
2 qts./1.9 l
2.25 qts./2.13 l
EH500PLE137
499
92 x 75
40
155
X-6M
6MGHI 194-3
2 Turn (Brass plug)
260 w
10:2 Full Stroke
40mm CV Mikuni
CDI
30 BTDC @ 5000 RPM
NGK BKR6E / .035 in. (0.9 mm)
Dry Sump
Automatic PVT (Polaris Variable Transmission)
Minimum Turning Radius
Fuel Capacity
Engine Oil Capacity
Coolant Capacity
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
Pilot Jet
Main Jet
Needle Jet
Jet Needle
Pilot Screw
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Carburetor
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Spark Plug / Gap
Lubrication System
Driving System Type
* Based on EU Directive 76/432/EC
118
120 lbs./54 kg (Rear rack weight and tongue
weight not to exceed 180 lbs./81.6 kg)
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 500
Shift Type
Gear Reduction - Low
Gear Reduction - Reverse
Gear Reduction - Forward
Drive Ratio - Front
Tire, Front
Tire, Rear
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Auxiliary Brake
Parking Brake
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Shock Adjustment
Headlight
Side Lever (H/L/N/R/P)
23.91/1
16.30/1
10.49/1
3.82/1
Carlisle AT489 25 x 8 - 12 (5 psi)
Carlisle AT489 25 x 11 - 12 (5 psi)
Single-control hydraulic disc
Single-control hydraulic disc
Hydraulic, opposed piston caliper, fixed disc
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
MacPherson Strut with 8.2” (20.8 cm) of travel
Progressive Rate with 9.5” (24.1 cm) of travel
Rear Spring Preload Adjust
1 - Single Beam on Headlight Pod (50 w)
2 - Single Beam on Bumper (27 w)
8.26 w
26.9 w
LCD
Taillights
Brakelight
Instrument Cluster
Jetting Chart
Altitude
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F
Below 5° C
+40° F and above
+5° C and above
Meters
(Feet)
(
)
0-1800
(0-6000)
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
160
155
152.5
147.5
Clutching Chart
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven Clutch
Spring
Helix and
Spring
Setting
0-1800
(0-6000)
10 WH
PN 5630710
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
Black
PN 7041782
41-37°
PN 5132344
2+2
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
10 RH
PN 5630709
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
Black
PN 7041782
41-37°
PN 5132344
2+2
119
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 700
Gross Vehicle Weight
Fuel Capacity
Towing Rating
Unbraked Trailer Towing
Capacity*
Front Rack Capacity
Rear Rack Capacity
Hitch Tongue Capacity
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall Height
Wheelbase
Ground Clearance
Dry Weight
Minimum Turning Radius
Engine Oil Capacity
Coolant Capacity
Engine
Displacement
Bore x Stroke
Pilot Jet
Main Jet
Needle Jet
Jet Needle
Pilot Screw
Alternator Output
Compression Ratio
Starting System
Carburetor
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Spark Plug / Gap
Lubrication System
Driving System Type
* Based on EU Directive 76/432/EC
120
1240 lbs./563 kg
4.25 gal./16 l
1500 lbs./681 kg
1914 lbs./868 kg
100 lbs./45.4 kg
200 lbs./90.7 kg
150 lbs./68.1 kg (Rear rack capacity and tongue
weight not to exceed 200 lbs./90.8 kg)
81 in./206 cm
48 in./122 cm
48 in./122 cm
50.75 in./128.9 cm
11.25 in./28.6 cm
756 lbs. (343 kg)
71.5 in./181.6 cm unloaded
2 qts./1.9 l
3.2 qts./3 l
EH0680LE019
683
80 x 68
45
157.5
P-6(829)
4HB41-4
By flow
330 Watts @ 3000 rpm
9.78:1
Electric
BST 34mm Mikuni
CDI
13° BTDC @ 1200 RPM
RC7YC / .035 in. (0.9 mm)
Pressurized Wet Sump
4 Wheel Independent Shaft
SPECIFICATIONS
SPORTSMAN 700
Shift Type
Gear Reduction - Low
Gear Reduction - Reverse
Gear Reduction - High
Drive Ratio - Front
Drive Ratio - Final
Tire Size - Front
Tire Size - Rear
Front Brake
Rear Brake
Parking Brake
Front Suspension
Rear Suspension
Shock Adjustment
Headlight
Side Lever (H/L/N/R/P)
7.49/1
5.11/1
2.89/1
3.82/1
3.10/1
26 x 8 - 12 (5 psi)
26 x 11 - 12 (5 psi)
Single-Control Hydraulic Disc
Single-Control Hydraulic Disc
Hydraulic lock, all wheel
MacPherson Strut with 8.2” (21 cm) of travel
Progressive Rate with 9.5” (24 cm) of travel
Rear Spring Preload Adjust
1 - Single Beam on Headlight Pod (50 w)
2 - Single Beam on Grill (27 w)
8.26 w
26.9 w
LCD
Taillights
Brake Light
Instrument Cluster
Jetting Chart
Altitude
AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
Below 40° F
Below 5° C
+40° F and above
+5° C and above
Meters
(Feet)
0-1800
(0-6000)
162.5
157.5
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
155
150
Clutching Chart
Altitude
Meters
(Feet)
Shift
Weight
Drive Clutch
Spring
Driven
Clutch
Spring
Helix*
0-1800
(0-6000)
20-56
PN 5631215
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White
PN 3234199
60-56-40 SP
PN 5132751
1800-3700
(6000-12000)
20-54
PN 5631214
Blue/Green
PN 7041157
White
PN 3234199
60-56-40 SP
PN 5132751
*EBS models require no helix / spring adjustment
121
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a SIX
MONTH LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris All
Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against defects in material or workmanship.
Polaris also gives a one year limited warranty on the final drive chain
for failure due to defects. This warranty covers the parts and labor
charges for repair or replacement of defective parts which are covered
by this warranty. This warranty begins on the date of purchase. This
warranty is transferrable to another consumer during the warranty
period through a Polaris dealer.
REGISTRATION
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed
by your dealer and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt
of this registration, Polaris will record the registration for warranty.
THE PURCHASER MUST COMPLETE AN ATV SAFETY
TRAINING COURSE PROVIDED BY THE DEALER IN ORDER
TO HAVE VALID WARRANTY ON THE ATV. No verification of
registration will be sent to the purchaser as the copy of the Warranty
Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not
signed the original registration and received the customer copy, please
contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE
WILL BE ALLOWED UNLESS YOUR ATV IS REGISTERED
WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and set-up of your ATV is very important in
ensuring trouble-free operation. Purchasing a machine in the crate or
without proper dealer set-up will void your warranty coverage.
122
WARRANTY
WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS:
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused
by a defect in material or workmanship. This warranty does not cover
accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper handling.
This warranty also does not cover any ATV that has been altered
structurally, modified, neglected, improperly maintained, used for
racing, or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured,
or for any damages which occur during trailer transit or as a result of
unauthorized service or the use of unauthorized parts. In addition, this
warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress
cracks, tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion, or
defects in parts, components or the ATV due to fire, explosions or any
other cause beyond Polaris’ control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants,
chemicals, or fuels that are not compatible with the ATV. The
exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris’
exclusive option, repair or replacement of any defective materials, or
components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS
WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY
PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL
HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT,
NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states
do not permit the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages or implied warranties, so the above limitations or exclusions
may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state law.
123
WARRANTY
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO THE ABOVE SIX MONTH WARRANTY PERIOD.
POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES
NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow
limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitation may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling state
law.
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris
dealer authorized to repair Polaris ATVs. When requesting warranty
service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form
to the dealer. (THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION TO AND FROM
THE DEALER IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY). Polaris suggests that
you use your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris
Servicing Dealer to perform warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Should
your dealer require any additional assistance they will contact the
appropriate person at Polaris.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all
other warranty terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine
damage. We recommend the use of Polaris engine oil for your ATV.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may
not be covered by warranty.
SPARK ARRESTOR
Polaris warrants that the spark arrestor in this vehicle will meet the efficiency requirements
of 43 CFR 8340.1(c) for at least 1000 hours when subjected to normal use and when maintenance and installation are in accordance with Polaris recommendations.
124
Exported Vehicles
WARRANTY
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE
IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON
THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE
SELLING DEALER’S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization
for export from Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization
for export. You should consult an authorized dealer to determine this
vehicle’s warranty or service bulletin coverage if you have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the
selling dealer’s authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized
Polaris dealer. If you move or are traveling within the country where
your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs may
be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells the same line
as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle
was purchased, you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris
dealer. You must show the dealer photo identification from the country
of the selling dealer’s authorized location as proof of residence. Upon
residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer
Assistance and the customs department of the destination country before you move. Vehicles importation rules vary considerably from
country to country. You may be required to present documentation of
your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris
Industries in order to register your vehicle in your new country.
125
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
How to Get Service
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the
country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty
coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have not followed the procedure set out above, your
vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind. (Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the vehicle
was purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance:
United States: 1-763-417-8650
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
126
WARRANTY
U.S.A. EPA Emissions Limited Warranty
This All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) or Off Road Utility Vehicle (ORUV) emissions limited
warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for this vehicle.
Polaris warrants that this vehicle is; (1) designed, built, and equipped to conform at the
time of initial sale with the requirements of 40 CFR 1051 and, (2) free from defects in
materials and workmanship that may keep it from meeting these requirements.
The emissions warranty period for this vehicle begins on the date the vehicle is delivered
to the original retail purchaser and ends 30 months (2.5 years) after that date, or after
5000 km (3100 miles), whichever comes first.
This emission-related warranty covers components whose failure would increase an engine’s emissions, including electronic controls, fuel injection, exhaust-gas recirculation,
aftertreatment, or any other system utilized in this vehicle to control emissions. Replacing or repairing other components not covered by this emissions warranty or the standard
warranty is the responsibility of the owner; including the parts, labor and other costs
associated with recommended maintenance.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this limited warranty shall be, at the exclusive option
of Polaris, repair or replacement of any defective materials, components or products.
THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY
REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY.
POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION,WHETHER
ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE WARRANTY PERIOD
DESCRIBED HEREIN. POLARIS DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES
NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply if it is inconsistent
with the controlling state law.
This limited warranty excludes failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship. This limited warranty does not cover damage due to accidents, abuse or improper
handling, maintenance or use. This limited warranty also does not cover any engine that
has been structurally altered, or any engine that has been used in racing competition. This
limited warranty also does not cover physical damage, corrosion or defects caused by
fire, explosions or other similar causes beyond the control of Polaris.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you
should contact the Polaris Warranty Department at 1-763-417-8650.
127
MAINTENANCE LOG
Use the following chart to record periodic maintenance.
DATE
128
MILES (KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
MILES (KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
129
INDEX
A
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Age Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Filter Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
All Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . .
Auxiliary Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AWD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D
102
11
88
39
38
83
39
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99-101
Battery (Conventional) . . . . . . . . . . 98
Battery Charging (Sealed) . . . . 100-101
Battery Fluid (Conventional) . . . . 100
Battery Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Battery Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Battery Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Belt Break-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Belt Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34, 36
Brake Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Brake, Auxiliary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Brakelight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-83
Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Breather Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
C
Camber and Caster . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Carburetor/Idle RPM . . . . . . . . . . 108
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102-105
Clutch Break-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Clutching Chart (450) . . . . . . . . . . 117
Clutching Chart (500) . . . . . . . . . . 119
Clutching Chart (700) . . . . . . . . . . 121
Cold Weather Operation . . . . . . . . . 49
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-38
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Cooling System Operation . . . . . . . 81
Crankcase Emission Control System 63
D
Diagnostic Mode,
Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . 43-44
Drivetrain Break-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Driving Downhill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Driving in Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
130
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . 54
Driving Over Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . 60
Driving Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Driving Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50-62
Driving Through Water . . . . . . . . . . 59
Driving Uphill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
E
Electrical Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emission Control Systems . . . . . . .
Emissions Warranty . . . . . . . . . . .
Engaging Front Gearcase . . . . . . . .
Engine Break-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . .
Engine Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Modifications . . . . . . . .
Exhaust Emission Control System .
31
63
127
39
46
80
31
15
63
F
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39-44
Filter Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Footwell Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Front Gearcase Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Front Wheel Hub Tightening . . . . . 86
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Fuel Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
G
Gear Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
H
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Hauling Cargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50-51
Headlamp (Lower) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Headlight Housing Replacement . . . 91
Headlight Lamp Replacement . . . . . 89
High Beam Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . 90
High Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Hour Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
I
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-44
J
Jetting Chart (450) . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Jetting Chart (500) . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Jetting Chart (700) . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
INDEX
K
S
K-Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Safe Riding Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Safety Decals and Locations . . . . . . 6-9
Safety Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Setting the Parking Brake . . . . . . . . 35
Severe Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Side Panel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Sidehilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Spark Arrestor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Specifications (450) . . . . . . . . 116-117
Specifications (500) . . . . . . . . 118-119
Specifications (700) . . . . . . . . 120-121
Starting a Cold Engine . . . . . . . . . . 48
Starting a Warm Engine . . . . . . . . . 49
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . 48-49
Steering Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102-105
Storage Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103-105
Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
L
Light Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89-92
Low Beam Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . 90
Low Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Lubrication Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
M
Main Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Making Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mode/Reverse Override Switch . . .
31
53
34
31
N
Noise Emission Control System . . . 63
O
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Oil Change (450/500) . . . . . . . . . 72-74
Oil Change (700) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Oil Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-71
Oil Pump Priming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-75
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-30
P
Parking Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Parking on an Incline . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Periodic Maintenance Chart . . . . 64-68
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Pre-Ride Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Premium 4 Synthetic Oil . . . . . . . . . 70
PVT Break-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
PVT Drying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
PVT System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96-97
R
Radiator Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . 80
Rear Gearcase Oil (700) . . . . . . . . . 79
Rear Spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Reverse Override Switch . . . . . . . . . 31
Rider Information Center . . . . . . 41-44
T
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Taillight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Throttle Cable Freeplay . . . . . . . . . 109
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Toe Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Transmission Oil (450/500) . . . . . . 76
Transmission Oil (700) . . . . . . . . . . 78
Transporting the ATV . . . . . . . . . . 106
Trip Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . 112-115
Turning Around on a Hill . . . . . . . . 58
V
Vehicle Identification Numbers . . . . . 5
Vehicle Immersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
W
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122-127
Wheel Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Wheel Nut Torque Specifications . . 87
Wheel Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Worklight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Worklight Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
131