Snapper 2690627 User's Manual

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
GT600 Series
27HP Hydro Tractors & Mower Decks
54” Mower Decks
2690628
2690629
2690626
2690627
Mfg. No.
1695197
1695198
STGT2754D, 27HPD, 4WD, 3P
STGT2754D, 27HPD, 4WD, 3P
STGT2754D, 27HPD, 4WD, 3P & 54” Mower
STGT2754D, 27HPD, 4WD, 3P & 54” Mower
Description
54" Mower Deck
54" Mower Deck
1733761
Revision 02
Rev. Date 11/2007
TP 100-4427-02-XL-N
Table of Contents
Safety Rules & Information.................................2
Identification Numbers........................................7
Safety Decals .......................................................8
Safety Icons .........................................................9
Safety Interlock System ......................................9
Features & Controls ..........................................10
Check Mower Deck Gear Box Oil .........................30
Safety Interlock System Check .............................30
Blade Brake Check ...............................................30
Check Tire Pressures ...........................................31
Battery Maintenance .............................................31
Lubrication ............................................................32
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................34
Control Functions ..................................................10
Parking Brake Function.........................................12
Automatic Controlled Traction...............................12
Dashboard Display Functions ...............................13
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service .........36
Troubleshooting the Tractor ..................................36
Troubleshooting the Mower ..................................37
Seat Adjustment....................................................38
Brake Adjustment..................................................38
Headlight Replacement.........................................39
Taillight & Dash Light Replacement ......................39
Battery Charging ...................................................39
Mower Adjustments ..............................................40
Gauge Wheel Adjustment .............................40
Leveling the Mower .......................................41
Mower Belt Replacement ......................................42
Arbor Drive Belt.............................................42
Operating the Tractor ........................................14
General Operating Safety .....................................14
Slope Operation ....................................................14
Adding Fuel ...........................................................14
Starting the Engine ...............................................14
Stopping the Tractor & Engine ..............................15
Driving the Tractor ................................................15
Mowing..................................................................15
Mowing in Reverse ...............................................15
Attachment Operation in Reverse .........................15
4-Wheel Drive Operation ......................................15
Pushing the Tractor by Hand ................................16
Hydraulic System Functions .................................16
Optional 3-Point Hitch Operation ..........................18
540 Rear PTO Operation ......................................20
Mower Deck Removal & Installation .....................22
Attaching a Trailer .................................................24
Storage .................................................................24
12 Power Outlet ....................................................24
Specifications ....................................................43
Parts & Accessories..........................................44
Lawn Care & Mowing Information .............LC—1
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
Regular Maintenance ........................................25
Maintenance Schedule .........................................25
Engine Maintenance .............................................26
Clean Debris Out of Engine Compartment ...........26
Clean Engine Oil Cooler or Radiator.....................26
Clean Transmission Oil Cooler .............................26
Check Engine Coolant Level.................................26
Change Engine Coolant ........................................27
Change Fuel Filter ................................................27
Drain Fuel Separator.............................................28
Check Transmission Oil Level ..............................28
Change Transmission Oil and Filter......................29
Check Front Axle Oil Level ...................................29
1
Safety Rules & Information
Operating Safety
Congratulations on purchasing a superior-quality piece of lawn and
garden equipment. Our products are designed and manufactured to
meet or exceed all industry standards for safety.
Power equipment is only as safe as the operator. If it is misused, or
not properly maintained, it can be dangerous! Remember, you are
responsible for your safety and that of those around you.
Use common sense, and think through what you are doing. If you
are not sure that the task you are about to perform can be safely
done with the equipment you have chosen, ask a
professional: contact your local authorized dealer.
Read the Manual
The operator’s manual contains important safety information you need to be aware of
BEFORE you operate your unit as well as DURING operation.
Safe operating techniques, an explanation of the product’s features and
controls, and maintenance information is included to help you get the
most out of your equipment investment.
Be sure to completely read the Safety Rules and Information found on
the following pages. Also completely read the Operation section.
Children
Reverse
Tragic accidents can occur with children. Do not allow
them anywhere near the area of operation. Children are
often attracted to the unit and mowing activity. Never
assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
If there is a risk that children may enter the area where you
are mowing, have another responsible adult watch them.
DO NOT GIVE CHILDREN RIDES ON THIS UNIT! This
encourages them to come near the unit in the future while it
is running, and they could be seriously hurt. They may then
approach the unit for a ride when you are not expecting it,
and you may run over them.
TP 600-2459-08-UV-SMA
2
Do not mow in reverse unless
absolutely necessary. Always look
down and behind before and
while traveling in reverse
even with the mower
blades disengaged.
Safety Rules and Information
Slope Operation
You could be seriously injured or even killed if you use this unit on too
steep an incline. Using the unit on a slope that is too steep or where
you don’t have adequate traction can cause you to lose control or roll
over.
A good rule of thumb is to not operate on any slope you cannot back up
(in 2-wheel drive mode). You should not operate on inclines with a
slope greater than a 3.5 foot rise over a 20 foot length. Always drive up
and down slopes: never cross the face.
Also note that the surface you are driving on can greatly impact stability
and control. Wet grass or icy pavement can seriously affect your ability
to control the unit.
If you feel unsure about operating the unit on an incline, don’t do it. It’s
not worth the risk.
Moving Parts
This equipment has many moving parts that can injure you or someone else.
However, if you are seated in the seat properly, and follow all the rules in this
book, the unit is safe to operate.
The mower deck has spinning mower blades that can amputate hands and feet.
Do not allow anyone near the equipment while it is running!
To help you, the operator, use this equipment safely, it is equipped with an
operator-present safety system. Do NOT attempt to alter or bypass the system.
See your dealer immediately if the system does not pass all the safety interlock
system tests found in this manual.
Thrown Objects
This unit has spinning mower blades. These blades can pick up and throw
debris that could seriously injure a bystander. Be sure to clean up the area to
be mowed BEFORE you start mowing.
Do not operate this unit without the entire grass catcher or discharge guard
(deflector) in place.
Also, do not allow anyone in the area while the unit is running! If someone
does enter the area, shut the unit off immediately until they leave.
Fuel and Maintenance
Gasoline is extremely flammable. Its vapors are also extremely flammable
and can travel to distant ignition sources. Gasoline must only be used as a
fuel, not as a solvent or cleaner. It should never be stored any place where
its vapors can build up or travel to an ignition source like a pilot light. Fuel
belongs in an approved, plastic, sealed gas can, or in the tractor fuel tank
with the cap securely closed. Spilled fuel needs to be cleaned up immediately.
Proper maintenance is critical to the safety and performance of your unit.
Be sure to perform the maintenance procedures listed in this manual, especially periodically testing the safety system.
3
Safety Rules & Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control
of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment.
This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects.
The triangle
in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
GENERAL OPERATION
16. Use extra care when loading or unloading the unit
into a trailer or truck.
17. Always wear eye protection when operating this unit.
18. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of power
equipment-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the equipment safely
enough to protect themselves and others from injury.
19. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for
wheel weights or counterweights.
20. Keep in mind the operator is responsible for accidents
occurring to other people or property.
21. All drivers should seek and obtain professional and
practical instruction.
22. Always wear substantial footwear and trousers.
Never operate when barefoot or wearing sandals.
23. Before using, always visually check that the blades
and blade hardware are present, intact, and secure.
Replace worn or damaged parts.
24. Disengage attachments before: refueling, removing
an attachment, making adjustments (unless the
adjustment can be made from the operator’s position).
25. When the machine is parked, stored, or left unattended, lower the cutting means unless a positive
mechanical lock is used.
26. Before leaving the operator’s position for any reason,
engage the parking brake (if equipped), disengage
the PTO, stop the engine, and remove the key.
27. To reduce fire hazard, keep the unit free of grass,
leaves, & excess oil. Do not stop or park over dry
leaves, grass, or combustible materials.
28. It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 to use or operate the engine on or near
any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land unless the exhaust system is equipped with a
spark arrester meeting any applicable local or state
laws. Other states or federal areas may have similar
laws.
1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting.
2. Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or under
the machine. Keep clear of the discharge opening at
all times.
3. Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit (local regulations
can restrict operator age).
4. Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade(s).
5. Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop the unit if anyone enters the area.
6. Never carry passengers.
7. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while travelling in reverse.
8. Never direct discharge material toward anyone.
Avoid discharging material against a wall or obstruction. Material may ricochet back toward the operator.
Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel surfaces.
9. Do not operate the machine without the entire grass
catcher, discharge guard (deflector), or other safety
devices in place.
10. Slow down before turning.
11. Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting.
12. Disengage blades (PTO) when not mowing. Shut off
engine and wait for all parts to come to a complete
stop before cleaning the machine, removing the grass
catcher, or unclogging the discharge guard.
13. Operate the machine only in daylight or good artificial
light.
14. Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
15 Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
TRANSPORTING AND STORAGE
4. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
5. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
6. Never store the unit or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame or pilot light, such as in a
water heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
1. When transporting the unit on an open trailer, make
sure it is facing forward, in the direction of travel. If
the unit is facing backwards, wind lift could damage
the unit.
2. Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling practices when refueling the unit after transportation or
storage.
3. Never store the unit (with fuel) in an enclosed poorly
ventilated structure. Fuel vapors can travel to an
ignition source (such as a furnace, water heater, etc.)
and cause an explosion. Fuel vapor is also toxic to
humans and animals.
4
Safety Rules and Information
SLOPE OPERATION
WARNING
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
Operation on all slopes requires extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not
operate on it.
Control of a walk-behind or ride-on machine sliding on a
slope will not be regained by the application of the brake.
The main reasons for loss of control are: insufficient tire
grip on the ground, speed too fast, inadequate braking, the
type of machine is unsuitable for its task, lack of awareness
of the ground conditions, incorrect hitching and load distribution.
1. Mow up and down slopes, not across.
2. Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
3. Choose a slow speed so that you will not have to
stop or change speeds while on the slope.
4. Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may loose traction.
5. Always keep unit in gear especially when traveling
down slopes. Do not shift to neutral and coast downhill.
6. Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If tires
lose traction, disengage the blade(s) and proceed
slowly straight down the slope.
7. Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction,
which could cause the machine to rollover.
8. Use extra care while operating machines with grass
catchers or other attachments; they can affect the
stability of the unit. Do not use on steeps slopes.
9. Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your
foot on the ground (ride-on units).
10. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
11. Do not use grass catchers on steep slopes.
12. Do not mow slopes you cannot back up them.
13. See your authorized dealer/retailer for recommendations of wheel weights or counterweights to improve
stability.
14. Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
15. Use slow speed. Tires may lose traction on slopes
even through the brakes are functioning properly.
16. Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent
(10°) which is a rise of 3-1/2 feet (106 cm) vertically in
20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
When operating on slopes use additional wheel
weights or counterweights. See your dealer/retailer
to determine which weights are available and
appropriate for your unit.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front weights, use extra caution when
operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catchers.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the
face, use caution when changing directions and DO
NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the
presence of children. Children are often attracted to the unit
and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will
remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
3. Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
4. Never carry children, even with the blade(s) off. They
may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe unit operation. Children who have been given
rides in the past may suddenly appear in the mowing
area for another ride and be run over or backed over
by the machine.
5. Never allow children to operate the unit.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
EMISSIONS
1. Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
2. Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and
Air Index information on the engine emissions label.
TOWED EQUIPMENT (RIDE-ON UNITS)
IGNITION SYSTEM
1. Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed
for towing. Do not attach towed equipment except at
the hitch point.
2. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for
weight limit for towed equipment and towing on
slopes.
3. Never allow children or others in or on towed equipment.
4. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment may
cause loss of traction and loss of control.
5. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
6. Do not shift to neutral and coast down hill.
1. This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
5
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
Safe Handling of Gasoline
1. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
2. Use only approved gasoline containers.
3. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow the engine to cool before refueling.
4. Never fuel the machine indoors.
5. Never store the machine or fuel container where
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such as
near a water heater or other appliance.
6. Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck bed
with a plastic bed liner. Always place containers on
the ground away from your vehicle before filling.
7. Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck or
trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer with a
portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
8. Keep nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
9. If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.
10. Never over-fill the fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
11. Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
12. If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine but
move the machine away from the area of spillage and
avoid creating any source of ignition until fuel vapors
have dissipated.
13. Replace all fuel tank caps and fuel container caps
securely.
13. If the fuel tank must be drained, it should be drained
outdoors.
14. Replace faulty silencers/mufflers.
15. Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as
necessary.
16. Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
17. Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments.
18. Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
19. Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper service procedures can result in hazardous operation,
equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s
warranty.
20. On multiple blade mowers, take care as rotating one
blade can cause other blades to rotate.
21. Do not change engine governor settings or overspeed the engine. Operating the engine at excessive
speed can increase the hazard of personal injury.
22. Disengage drive attachments, stop the engine,
remove the key, and disconnect the spark plug
wire(s) before: clearing attachment blockages and
chutes, performing service work, striking an object, or
if the unit vibrates abnormally. After striking an
object, inspect the machine for damage and make
repairs before restarting and operating the equipment.
23. Never place hands near the moving parts, such as a
hydro pump cooling fan, when the tractor is running.
(Hydro pump cooling fans are typically located on top
of the transaxle).
24. Units with hydraulic pumps, hoses, or motors: WARNING: Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause serious injury. If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it
must be surgically removed within a few hours by a
doctor familiar with this form of injury or gangrene
may result. Keep body and hands away from pin
holes or nozzles that eject hydraulic fluid under high
pressure. Use paper or cardboard, and not hands, to
search for leaks. Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and all hydraulic hoses and lines
are in good condition before applying pressure to the
system. If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by your authorized dealer.
25. WARNING: Stored energy device. Improper release
of springs can result in serious personal injury.
Springs should be removed by an authorized technician.
26. Models equipped with an engine radiator: WARNING:
Stored energy device. To prevent serious bodily
injury from hot coolant or steam blow-out, never
attempt to remove the radiator cap while the engine is
running. Stop the engine and wait until it is cool.
Even then, use extreme care when removing the cap.
Service & Maintenance
1. Never run the unit in an enclosed area where carbon
monoxide fumes may collect.
2. Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
3. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly and make necessary repairs if
they are not functioning properly.
4. Keep unit free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. and remove any fuelsoaked debris. Allow machine to cool before storage.
5. If you strike an object, stop and inspect the machine.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
6. Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
7. Check grass catcher components and the discharge
guard frequently and replace with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.
8. Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear
gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
9. Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
10. Maintain or replace safety and instructions labels, as
necessary.
11. Do not remove the fuel filter when the engine is hot
as spilled gasoline may ignite. Do not spread fuel line
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps grip
hoses firmly over the filter after installation.
12. Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL, gasohol
containing more than 10% ETHANOL, gasoline additives, or white gas because engine/fuel system damage could result.
6
Identification Numbers
SA
M
PL
E
Tractor ID Tag
Mower ID Tag
When contacting your authorized dealer for replacement parts, service, or information you MUST have
these numbers.
Record your model name/number, manufacturer’s identification numbers, and engine serial numbers in the
space provided for easy access. These numbers can be
found in the locations shown.
PRODUCT
REFERENCE
DATA
Model Description Name/Number
NOTE: For location of engine identification numbers,
refer to the engine owner’s manual.
Unit MFG Number
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck MFG Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
7
Engine Make
Engine Model
Engine Type/Spec
Engine Code/Serial Number
Safety Decals
Safety Decals
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your rider and mower should be carefully
read and obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when
these instructions are not followed. The information is for
your safety and it is important! The safety decals below
are on your rider and mower.
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
DANGER
OPERATING ON SLOPES
CAN BE DANGEROUS
SEE OPERATOR'S MANUAL. IF YOU
CANNOT BACK-UP A HILL, DO NOT
DRIVE ON IT.
WARNING
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant
visual reminder to you, and others who may use the
equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for
safe, effective operation.
DANGER
• READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL(S).
• KNOW LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF ALL CONTROLS.
• KEEP SAFETY DEVICES (GUARDS, SHIELDS, SWITCHES, ETC.)
IN PLACE AND WORKING.
• REMOVE OBJECTS THAT COULD BE THROWN BY THE BLADE.
• DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS ARE AROUND.
• NEVER CARRY CHILDREN EVEN WITH BLADES OFF.
ROTATING BLADES CUT
• LOOK DOWN AND BEHIND BEFORE AND WHILE BACKING.
OFF ARMS AND LEGS
• AVOID SUDDEN TURNS.
• IF YOU CANNOT BACK UP A HILL, DO NOT OPERATE ON IT.
STOP MOWER WHEN CHILDREN
• GO UP AND DOWN SLOPES, NOT ACROSS.
ARE NEAR.
• IF MACHINE STOPS GOING UPHILL, STOP BLADE AND
NO RIDERS — THEY FALL OFF.
BACK DOWN SLOWLY.
• BE SURE BLADE(S) AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED BEFORE
RMO™ System: This product is equipped with
PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADE(S).
the RMO system. Refer to the
operator's manual for a full
• WHEN LEAVING MACHINE, SHUT OFF ENGINE, REMOVE KEY,
explanation of the RMO
AND SET PARKING BRAKE.
system and for important
safety messages.
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR! DAMAGE MAY RESULT TO TRANSMISSION.
1726923
Decal - Operating Instructions, North
American Models, Part No. 1726923
ROTATING SHAFT
CONTACT CAN CAUSE SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH.
KEEP HANDS AND FEET CLEAR.
DO NOT STAND OR RIDE ON
REAR PTO COVER.
Decal - Danger,
Rotating Blades
Part No. 1704277
Decal - Danger,
Rotating Blades
Part No. 1704276
Decal - Danger, Rotating
Parts, 540 PTO Models
Part No. 1725575
ROTATING FAN BLADES
Contact can cause serious injury.
Keep hands clear.
1726045
DANGER
Decal - 4WD Rollover
Part No. 1727089
• If you cannot back up a hill in 2WD, do not operate on it.
• Be aware that 4WD can improve access to dangerously sloped terrain thereby
increasing the possibility of tip-over.
Decal - Transmission
Release
Part No. 1725776
1727089
Decal - Danger, Rotating Fan,
Diesel Models Part No. 1726045
Decal - Throttle
Positions
Part No. 1725571
Decal - Cutting
Height
Part No. 1717583
1725571
1725776
FLOAT
LOWER
ANGLE
LEFT
ANGLE
RIGHT
RAISE
Decal - Attachment
Lift Control
Part No. 1725603
1725603
Decal - Cutting
Height
Part No. 1721197
Decal - PTO Selector
Positions
Part No. 1725574
1725574
Decal - Ignition
Switch Positions
Part No. 1722806
8
Safety Icons / Safety Interlock Test
Safety Icons
Safety Interlock System
Tests
Warning: Read Operator’s
Manual.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and
other safety devices. These safety systems are present for your safety: do not attempt to bypass safety
switches, and never tamper with safety devices. Check
their operation regularly.
Read and understand the
Operator’s Manual before using
this machine.
Danger: Thrown Objects.
This machine is capable of throwing
objects and debris. Keep
bystanders away.
Operational SAFETY Checks
Warning: Remove Key Before
Servicing.
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system.
Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring
with the following tests.
• PTO switch is ON, OR
Remove the key and consult technical literature before performing
repairs or maintenance.
• Brake pedal is NOT fully depressed (parking brake
OFF), OR
• The cruise control lever is NOT in NEUTRAL.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
Warning: Rotating Shaft Can
Cause Injury or Death.
• PTO switch is OFF, AND
Keep hands and feet clear.
• Brake pedal is fully depressed (parking brake ON),
AND
1725618
• The cruise control lever is in NEUTRAL.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
Danger: Machine Rollover.
• Operator rises off seat with brake pedal NOT fully
depressed (parking brake OFF).
Do not use this machine on slopes
greater than 10°.
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after PTO switch is
turned OFF. If mower drive belt does not stop within
five seconds, see your dealer.
Danger: Dismemberment.
This machine can amputate limbs.
Keep bystanders and children away
when engine is running.
Test 5 — Reverse Mow Option (RMO) Check
• Engine should shut off if reverse travel is attempted
if the PTO has been switched on and RMO has not
been activated.
• RMO light should illuminate when RMO has been
activated.
Danger: Dismemberment.
This mower deck can amputate
limbs. Keep hands and feet away
from blades.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, the PTO switch
must be turned off after the operator returns to the seat
in order to start the engine.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
9
Features & Controls
12V
2WD
4WD
Control Functions
Figure 1. Controls
The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing
require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and sequence
of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
Choke (Select Models)
Front Axle Oil Level Plug
(4WD Models Only)
Close the choke for cold starting. Open the choke once
the engine starts. A warm engine may not require choking. Pull the choke control out to close the choke.
The front axle oil check plug/dipstick is used to check the
front axle oil level and to add oil to the axle. See FRONT
AXLE MAINTENANCE for oil level check and fill procedures.
Throttle Control
The throttle controls engine speed. Move the throttle forward to increase engine speed and back to decrease
engine speed. Always operate at FULL throttle.
Transmission Oil Level Check Plug
Transmission oil check plug/dipstick is used to check
transmission oil level and to add oil to the transmission.
See TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE for oil level check
and fill procedures.
Headlights
The light switch turns the tractor headlights on and off.
10
Features & Controls
Attachment Lift Control Lever
Ground Speed Pedals
When using the mower deck, lift the deck off the ground
while transporting to and from the job site. DO NOT cut
with the mower in the raised, transport position.
The tractor’s forward ground speed is controlled by the
forward ground speed control pedal. The tractor’s
reverse ground speed is controlled by the reverse
ground speed control pedal. Note that the further down
the pedal is depressed, the faster the tractor will travel.
The attachment lift control lever raises and lowers
attachments that utilize the tractor’s hydraulic lift cylinder.
This lever also controls attachments that use the tractor’s
auxiliary hydraulics via the quick couplers on the front left
and right sides of the frame.
Parking Brake
The parking brake knob is used to lock the parking brake
when the tractor is stopped. Fully depressing the brake
pedal and pulling the knob out engages the parking
brake. Refer to page 10 for a full explanation of parking
brake functions.
When using a mower deck (Front / Rear Hydraulic selector switch must be in REAR position), pulling the lever
back raises the attachment lift. Pushing the lever forward to the first detent lowers the attachment lift.
Pushing the lever forward to the second detent locks the
control in “float” position, allowing the lift mechanism to
float up and down. Float is the recommended position
when mowing.
Steering Tilt Adjust (Select Models)
Use the tilt knob located on the bellows to release the
pivot mechanism and pivot the wheel to the desired position. Release the tilt knob to lock in position.
For a complete explanation on this control, see
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FUNCTIONS.
Seat Adjustment Lever
Cutting Height Adjustment
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the
lever, position the seat as desired, and release the lever
to lock the seat into position.
The cutting height adjustment switch controls the mower
cutting height. This same switch also controls the spout
rotator motor when a snowthrower is installed. The
arrows on the switch correspond to the direction of
adjustment (UP arrow raises cutting height, RIGHT arrow
rotates the spout right, etc). The mower cutting height is
infinitely adjustable between 1” to 4-13/32” (2,5 cm-11,2
cm). When the adjustment indicator has reached the
end of its travel, release the switch; holding the switch
down will damage the motor.
Cruise Control
The cruise control is used to lock the ground speed control in forward. Move the lever forward until the desired
ground speed is reached. To disengage the cruise control move the lever back. In the event you need to stop
quickly, depressing the brake pedal will also return the
cruise control to neutral.
Ignition Switch
2WD
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system. Activates the glow
plugs on diesel models
2-Wheel / 4-Wheel Drive Selector
(Select Models)
4WD
The 2-wheel / 4-wheel drive selector disengages the
front wheels in the 2-wheel drive position and drives all
four wheels in 4-wheel drive position. Engage / disengage the 4-wheel drive control only when stopped or at
slow speeds.
Transmission Release Valve Lever
START
Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
The transmission release valve lever deactivates the
transmission so that the tractor can be pushed by hand.
See PUSHING THE TRACTOR BY HAND for operational information.
Brake Pedal
Depressing the brake pedal applies the tractor brake.
Depressing the brake pedal will also return the cruise
control lever to neutral.
Fuel Tank
To remove the cap, turn counterclockwise.
11
Features & Controls
Differential Lock Pedal
Transmission Oil Level Check Plug
Transmission oil check plug/dipstick is used to check
transmission oil level and to add oil to the transmission.
See TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE for oil level check
and fill procedures.
Depressing this pedal locks the transmission differential,
locking both rear wheels into “drive”.
Use this feature if the tractor is stuck because one wheel
is slipping. Engage the differential lock at slow
ground speeds only.
Mid / Rear PTO Selector
The mid / rear PTO selector lever selects which PTO or
combination of PTOs is activated by the PTO switch.
The selector has three positions (from front to back:)
mid PTO active only, mid and rear PTO active, rear PTO
active only. Disengage the PTO switch before altering
this control’s setting.
PTO Switch
The PTO (Power Take-Off) switch, in conjunction with
the mid / rear PTO selector, engages and disengages
attachments connected to the tractor’s mid or rear PTO
shafts. To engage the PTO, pull UP on the switch. Push
DOWN to disengage. Be sure to check the position of
the mid / rear PTO selector lever before engaging the
PTO. DO NOT engage a PTO that is not connected to
an attachment as the rotating shaft is a safety hazard.
Note that the operator must be seated firmly in the tractor seat for the PTO to function.
Front / Rear Hydraulics Selector
The front / rear hydraulics selector switches which
hydraulic circuit is controlled by the forward and backward movement of the attachment lift lever.
When the switch is in the forward position, the attachment lift control lever affects attachments connected to
the two front left quick couplers. When the switch is in
the rear position the attachment lift control affects the
tractor’s hydraulic cylinder.
Reverse Mowing Option (RMO)
The Reverse Mowing Option allows for mowing (or use
of other PTO driven attachments) while traveling in
reverse. If you choose to mow or operate another
attachment in reverse, turn the RMO key after the PTO is
engaged. The L.E.D. light will illuminate, and the operator can then mow in reverse. Each time the PTO is disengaged the RMO needs to be reactivated if desired.
12V Power Outlet (Select Models)
The power outlet is 12V-DC. Accessory must be rated at
14 amps or less.
Parking Brake Function
Applying the Parking Brake - See Figure 2. To lock
the parking brake, release the ground speed pedals (A),
fully depress the brake pedal (B), pull the parking brake
knob (C) out, and then release brake pedal.
Releasing the Parking Brake - See Figure 2. To
release the parking brake, fully depress the brake pedal
(B) and push in the parking brake knob (C).
Automatic Controlled Traction
C
What is Automatic Controlled Traction?
A
Automatic Controlled Traction (ACT) is an exclusive feature of our transmissions that provides improved traction.
ACT applies a preset amount of torque to both rear
wheels even if one starts slipping (a transmission without
ACT will lose traction completely if one rear wheel starts
slipping). This preset torque is just enough to provide
additional traction, and still allow the wheels to turn at different speeds in a tight turn without damaging the lawn.
Figure 2. Engaging the Parking Brake
A. Ground Speed Pedals
B. Brake Pedal
C. Parking Brake Knob
be exceeded, and one of the rear wheels may slip (for
instance if trying to turn up a hill while accelerating).
This is normal. If you start to lose traction, do not speed
up. Instead, slow to a stop, straighten the steering
wheel, and slowly accelerate. Stopping the tractor
allows the transmission to regain more traction.
What to Expect from Your ACT Tractor
For the most part, while using your tractor you will not
notice ACT working, and you will simply become accustomed to increased traction an ACT transmission provides.
Under certain circumstances the ACT system limit can
B
12
Features & Controls
Dashboard Display Functions
The dashboard display shows a variety of engine operation and control status information, as explained in the
descriptions below.
B
A. Irregular Voltage
C
D
E
F
G
A
Indicates that the voltage being produced by the charging system and battery is higher or lower than normal
levels.
B. Rear PTO Light
Indicates that the optional rear PTO is engaged.
C. Mid (Front) PTO Light
Indicates that the mid PTO is engaged.
L
D. Hour Meter/Clock
Displays number of hours the unit has been operated.
E. Cruise Control Light
Indicates that the cruise control is engaged.
F. Low Oil Pressure Light
Indicates that the engine oil pressure is low. If this indicator lights, shut the engine off immediately and contact
your dealer.
G. 4 Wheel Drive Light (4WD Models Only)
Indicates that 4 wheel drive is engaged.
H. Fuel Separator Full Light
Indicates that the fuel separator is full and must be emptied.
I. Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank.
J. Tachometer
Displays the engine RPM. Normal operating speed is
3400 RPM. Do not operate at less than 3000 RPM during normal use.
K. Coolant Temperature
Shows the engine coolant temperature.
L. Glow Plug Light
Indicates that the glow plugs are heating. Leave the key
in the run position until the light goes out, then turn the
key to start.
13
K
J
I
H
Operating the Tractor
General Operating Safety
Starting The Engine
Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this unit.
Become familiar with all of the controls and how to stop
the unit.
1. While sitting in the operator’s seat, fully depress the
brake pedal or set the parking brake.
2. Set the cruise control lever in neutral and make sure
that your feet are not depressing the ground speed
control pedals.
Slope Operation
3. Disengage the PTO.
WARNING
4. Set the throttle to middle position (set throttle to FULL
when starting in cold weather).
Never operate on slopes greater than 17.6 percent
(10°) which is a rise of 3-1/2 feet (106 cm) vertically in
20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
When operating on slopes use additional wheel
weights or counterweights. See your dealer to
determine which weights are available and
appropriate for your unit.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the
face, use caution when changing directions and DO
NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
5. Turn the key to the RUN position to activate the glow
plugs; the glow plug light in the dashboard display will
light.
6. Wait for the glow plug light to turn off, then turn the
key to START. If the engine does not start immediately, move the throttle to FULL.
7. After the engine starts, move the engine throttle control to SLOW. Warm up the engine by running it for at
least a minute.
8. Move the throttle to FULL before engaging the PTO
switch or driving the tractor.
NOTE: In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP.
Use this method only in emergency situations. For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given in
STOPPING THE TRACTOR.
Adding Fuel
To add fuel:
1. Remove the fuel cap (A, Figure 4).
2. Fill the tank. Do not overfill. Leave room in the tank
for fuel expansion. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
Stopping The Tractor & Engine
14
Operating the Tractor
1. Return the ground speed control(s) to neutral and
engage the parking brake.
WARNING
2. Disengage the PTO and wait for all moving parts to
stop.
The engine will shut off if the reverse ground
speed pedal is depressed while the PTO is on and
the RMO has not been activated. The operator
should always turn the PTO off prior to driving
across on roads, paths or any area that maybe
used by other vehicles. Sudden loss of drive
could create a hazard.
3. Place the throttle control in the position specified in
the engine owner’s manual provided in the operator's
packet shipped with your tractor. Follow any recommended stopping procedures.
4. Turn the ignition switch to OFF. Remove the key.
WARNING
Driving The Tractor
1. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can
comfortably reach all the controls and see the dashboard display.
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged.
4. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
5. Disengage the parking brake and release the brake
pedal.
6. Depress the forward ground speed control pedal to
travel forward. Release the pedal to stop. Note that
the further down the pedal is depressed the faster the
tractor will travel.
7. Stop the tractor by releasing the ground speed control pedals, setting the parking brake, and stopping
the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND
ENGINE).
Mowing in reverse can be hazardous to
bystanders. Tragic accidents can occur if the
operator is not alert to the presence of children.
Never activate RMO if children are present.
Children are often attracted to the unit and the
mowing activity.
If an operator chooses to mow in reverse, the RMO system can be used. To use the Reverse Mowing Option
(RMO) turn the RMO key after the PTO is engaged. The
L.E.D. light will illuminate, and the operator can then
mow in reverse. Each time the PTO is disengaged the
RMO needs to be reactivated if desired. The key should
be removed to restrict access to the RMO feature.
Attachment Operation in Reverse
If an operator chooses to operate a PTO driven attachment in reverse, the RMO system can be used. To use
the Reverse Mowing Option (RMO) turn the RMO key
after the PTO is engaged. The L.E.D. light will illuminate, and the operator can then operate the attachment
in reverse. Each time the PTO is disengaged the RMO
needs to be reactivated if desired. The key should be
removed to restrict access to the RMO feature.
Mowing
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the hydraulic selector switch to REAR. Fully
lower the mower using the attachment lift lever.
4. Set the mower cutting height to the desired level.
5. Set the throttle to FULL.
6. Set the PTO selector to MID PTO ONLY. Engage
the PTO switch.
7. Begin mowing. See Section LC for tips on mowing
patterns, lawn care, and troubleshooting information.
8. When finished, shut off the PTO and raise the mower
using the attachment lift control lever.
9. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
4-Wheel Drive Operation
(Select Models)
When operating in 4WD without a mower deck installed
on the tractor, it is recommended you install rear wheel
weights to increase stability.
Mowing in Reverse
WARNING
If you cannot back up a hill in 2WD, Do not
operate on it. Use extra caution on slopes. To
increase traction and provide four-wheel braking,
engage mechanical front wheel drive (4WD) when
driving on slopes. Be aware that 4WD can
improve access to dangerously sloped terrain,
thereby increasing the possibility of tipover.
15
Operating the Tractor
Pushing The Tractor By Hand
Implement Flow @ 3600 RPM
DO NOT TOW TRACTOR
7
Implement Flow — gpm
Towing the unit will cause transmission damage.
Do not use another vehicle to push or pull this
unit. Do not actuate the transmission release
valve lever while the engine is running.
1. Disengage the PTO and turn the engine off.
2. Push the transmission release (B, Figure 4) forward
and down to lock into the released position. The tractor can now be pushed by hand.
3. Move the lever rearward and up to engage the transmission.
6
5
4
3
0
100
200
300
Pressure — psi
400
Figure 5. Hydraulic System Pressure / Flow
A.
A
B
Figure 4. Transmission Release Lever & Fuel Tank
A. Fuel Tank Cap.
B. Transmission Release Lever
B.
Hydraulic System Functions
General
All of the inboard and auxiliary hydraulics are controlled
by the attachment lift control lever. The attachment lift
control lever raises and lowers attachments that utilize
the tractor’s hydraulic lift cylinder. This lever also controls attachments that use the tractor’s auxiliary
hydraulics via the quick couplers on the front left and
right sides of the frame.
The rate of hydraulic fluid flow and pressure that are
available when using the auxiliary hydraulic quick couplers is listed in the chart in Figure 5.
Figure 6. Inboard Hydraulics
A. Lift
B. Lower
The lever has five positions: left, right, back, forward (first
detent) and float (pushed forward to second detent).
Using Inboard Hydraulics
The inboard hydraulics control the tractor’s belly attachment lift (mower deck) and three point hitch lift (if
equipped). The front / rear hydraulic selector switch
must be in the REAR position.
6). Pushing the lever forward to the first detent lowers
the attachment lift (B, Figure 6). Pushing the lever forward to the second detent locks the control in “float”
position, allowing the lift mechanism to float up and
down.
Pulling the lever back raises the attachment lift (A, Figure
16
Operating the Tractor
A.
B.
Figure 7. Auxiliary Hydraulics
A. Angle Left
B. Angle Right
A.
Using Auxiliary Hydraulics
The attachment lift control is also used to control attachments that use the tractor’s auxiliary hydraulic couplers
located on the right and left front frame rails. The left set
of quick couplers is activated when the front / rear
hydraulic switch is turned to the FRONT position (this
disables the inboard hydraulic cylinder).
Moving the control lever to the left (A, Figure 7) angles
the attachment left. Moving the lever right (B, Figure 7)
angles the attachment right.
Pulling the lever back raises the attachment lift (A, Figure
8). Pushing the lever forward to the first detent lowers
the attachment lift (B, Figure 8). Pushing the lever forward to the second detent locks the control in “float”
position, allowing the lift mechanism to float up and
down.
B.
Many approved attachments have color coded quick
couplers to aid in installation. Match the tractor quick
coupler with the like colored attachment quick coupler.
Figure 8. Auxiliary Hydraulics
A. Lift
B. Lower
17
Operating the Tractor
Max. Attachment Weight (Lbs.)
Optional 3-Point Hitch
Operation (Select Models)
Attachment Weight Limit
The maximum allowable attachment weight is determined by the gross weight of the attachment verses the
distance from the end of the tractor hitch arm to the
attachment’s center of gravity (Figure 10). The further
an attachment’s center of gravity is from the tractor, the
more leverage is required to raise it.
Measure the distance from the end of the hitch arms to
the attachment’s center of gravity (Figure 10) and use
the graph in Figure 9 to determine if an attachment is too
heavy to be used with your tractor.
Max. Attachment Weight
600
400
200
Approved
Weight Range
0
0'
1'
2'
3'
4'
Distance from End of Hitch Arm
to Attachment Center of Gravity (Feet "X' ")
Figure 9. Attachment Weight Limit
Always use a front weight carrier and 50 lbs. suitcase
weights when using a rear-mounted attachment.
Remove the front weights when the rear attachment is
removed.
Distance from End of Hitch Arm
to Attachment Center of Gravity
CAUTION
Avoid injury! A machine with a 3-point hitch
attachment installed may become unstable when
the attachment is raised. Always drive slower
over uneven ground and when turning with the
attachment raised.
X'
Attachment
End of Hitch Arm
Attachment's Center
of Gravity
Figure 10. Attachment Weight Limit
Locking The Hitch
The 3-point hitch can be locked in the raised position.
When a rear attachment is locked in the raised position,
the tractor’s on-board hydraulic cylinder can be used to
lift mid mounted attachments without having to remove
the rear attachment. For example, if a tractor equipped
with a tiller is to be used for mowing, the tiller can be
locked in the raised position allowing the mower to be
installed and used.
A
To lock the 3-point hitch in the raised position:
B
1. Raise the attachment lift.
2. Remove the locking rod from its storage position (A,
Figure 11) and insert it below the hitch arms in the
locking position (B).
Figure 11. Hitch Rod Positions
A. Rod Storage
B. To Lock Lift In Raised Position
3. Secure with a hair pin clip.
18
Operating the Tractor
E
C
B
D
D
E
F
C
C
F
A
A
C
E
A
B
Figure 13. Install Chains
A. Right Sway Arm
B. Clevis Pin & Safety Clip
C. Capscrew, 3/8-16 x 1-1/2 & Locknut
D. Chains
E. Left Sway Arm
B
C
B
B
B
Figure 12. Install Sway Arms
A. Sway Arms
B. Hair Pin Clips
C. Clevis Pins
D. Upper Link Assembly
E. Safety Clips
F. Clevis Pins
E
B
Hitch Arms Installation
1. Attach the upper lift link (D, Figure 12) to the hitch
using a clevis pin (F) and safety clip (E).
2. Attach the sway arms (A, Figure 12) to the hitch
assembly using clevis pins (C) and hair pin clips (B).
The arms should angle out, away from center.
D
B
C
3. Attach the sway chains (D, Figure 13) to the back of
the sway arms (A, E) using 3/8 x 1-1/2 capscrews (C)
and 3/8 locknuts. Cross the chains and secure to
front of the sway arms with clevis pins and hair pin
clips (B).
B
A
4. Attach the adjustable link (E, Figure 14) and lift link
assembly (C) using clevis pins (B) and hair pin clips.
Figure 14. Install Lift Links
A. Left Sway Arm
B. Clevis Pin & Hair Pin Clip
C. Fixed Lift Link
D. Lift Lever
E. Adjustable Lift Link
NOTE: The adjustable lower lift link (E, Figure 14) goes
on the right side.
19
Operating the Tractor
540 Rear PTO Operation
(Select Models)
A
Checks Before Starting
Refer to the Maintenance & Adjustments sections of this
manual and perform any needed service.
Connecting a Drive Shaft
1. Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, stop the
engine, and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Pull back on the locking collar (A, Figure 15) and
slide the connector on the PTO shaft as far as it will
go.
Figure 15. Typical Drive Shaft
A. Locking Collar
3. Pull back on the drive shaft until the locking collar
snaps into place. Check that the connection is
secure.
A
B
Starting & Stopping the PTO
1. Stop the engine and remove the key. Set the parking
brake.
2. See Attachment Operator’s Manual or Installation
Instructions to properly install/connect the attachment
to be used. If connecting to a stationary attachment,
set the parking brake during attachment operation.
3. Start the tractor engine. Allow the engine to warm-up
for several minutes before engaging the PTO.
4. Set engine throttle to FULL
5. Place the PTO selector lever in the rear position (A,
Figure 16) if only a rear attachment is being used. If
a mid and rear attachment are being used simultaneously, place the lever in the mid position (B). If only a
mid or front attachment is being used, place the control in position (C).
6. Pull UP on the PTO switch to engage the PTO.
7. When finished, move the throttle control to IDLE and
push the PTO switch DOWN to disengage. Wait for
all moving parts to stop.
8. When disconnecting the attachment, stop the engine,
remove the key, and set the parking brake. Wait for
all moving parts to stop.
Figure 16. PTO Selector Lever
A. Rear 540 PTO Active Only
B. Mid and Rear PTO Active
C. Mid PTO Active Only
Engine Speed Selection
When engaging the rear PTO, set the throttle to FULL.
When disengaging the rear PTO, set the throttle to IDLE
and allow the attachment to slow down.
While using an attachment, always set the throttle to
FULL.
20
C
Operating the Tractor
540 Attachment Recommendations
GENERAL
START-UP AND STOPPING LOADS
This rear PTO was designed and tested with the 540
RPM rear tiller sold by Simplicity Manufacturing. There
are a wide variety of other 540 attachments available
from numerous manufacturers. It is impossible for us to
test every one of them. There are a few basic, commonsense criteria that can be used to determine whether
these attachments are suitable for use with your tractor.
This PTO can be used with direct drive attachments that
have small start-up and stopping loads like tillers or
mower decks.
DO NOT use this PTO box with attachments that require
a large amount of torque to start: for example, attachments such as direct drive chipper/shredders and large
silo blowers cannot be used because their starting and
stopping loads may damage the PTO clutch.
In general, any attachment that:
Large attachments that have their own clutching mechanism to lessen the load on the PTO box during starting
and stopping may be used provided they do not exceed
the 18 horsepower limit.
• stalls the engine,
• requires the clutch to be toggled on and off while
starting, or
• takes longer than 3 seconds to reach operating
speed is too large.
OVERLOAD PROTECTION
PTO BOX OUTPUT SPEED & HORSEPOWER OUTPUT
Any attachment used with this PTO box MUST have
shear pin(s), shear bolt(s), a slip clutch, or some other
device to prevent PTO box damage if the attachment
should jam.
This rear PTO box is designed to output a maximum of
18 horsepower at 540 RPM. Therefore it should only be
used to run 540 RPM attachments that require 18 HP or
less.
Using this PTO box to run attachments that require
more than 18 HP or an input shaft speed other than
540 could result in poor performance, shortened
equipment life, or equipment damage, and will void
the tractor warranty. Improper use can also create
an unsafe condition resulting in injury.
21
Operating the Tractor
Mower Deck Removal & Installation
NOTE: Perform mower removal and installation on a
hard, level surface such as a concrete floor.
Removing the Mower Deck
WARNING
Engage parking brake, disengage PTO, stop
engine and remove key before attempting to
install or remove the mower.
1. Start the engine
2. Set the mower cutting height to its lowest setting.
3. Fully raise the attachment lift.
Figure 17. Pivoting the Gauge Wheels
4. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
5. Remove the hair pin clip, push down on the top of the
spindle, and rotate the gauge wheel into sliding position (see Figure 17). Replace the hair pin clip.
6. Remove the nylock wing nut (A, Figure 18) from capscrew (C). Slide out capscrew (C) from gauge wheel
bracket (B). Change position of gauge wheel assembly to its lowest height. (see Figure 18).
B
A
C
7. Start the engine.
8. Fully lower the attachment lift.
D
9. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
10. Unhook the two lift chains (long chains) (A, Figure
19) from the tractor lift arms (E), and two leveling
chains (five link) (B) from lift brackets (C).
Figure 18. Sliding Bracket Guage Wheel Adjustment
A. Nylock Wing Nut
B. Gauge Wheel Bracket
C. Capscrew
D. Gauge Wheel Assembly
11. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
12. Disconnect the electrical connection from the tractor
and recap the tractor electrical socket. See Figure
20.
13. Remove the long hitch pin (B, Figure 21) and safety
clip connecting the hitch (A) to the mower deck.
14. Remove the two small pins (C, Figure 21) connecting
the hitch (A) to the tractor.
E
15. Remove the hitch (A, Figure 21) from the mower
deck.
C
16. Disconnect the drive shaft (D, Figure 19) from the
tractor by pulling back the locking collar (A, Figure
22) and pulling the shaft off the PTO.
B
A
17. Slide the deck out from under tractor.
D
Figure 19. Mower Lift Chains
A. Lift Chains
B. Leveling Chains
C. Lift Brackets
D. PTO Shaft
E. Lift Arms
22
Operating the Tractor
Installing the Mower Deck
1. Slide the mower under the tractor.
2. Hook up the electrical connection (Figure 20).
3. Start the engine.
4. Set the cutting height to maximum.
5. Fully lower the attachment lift.
6. Shut off the engine and wait for all moving parts to
stop.
7. Make sure the mower lift chains (A, Figure 19) are
directly below the lift arms. Attach the two mower lift
chains (long chains) to the tractor lift arms (E) on
both sides of the tractor (Figure 19), and attach the
two leveling chains (B, five-link chains) to the lift
brackets (C).
Figure 20. Mower Electrical Connection
D
NOTE: Use the 8th link for higher attachment lift; use the
9th link for greater below ground travel when mowing
uneven ground.
8. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN position, and set
the mower cutting height to minimum (it is not necessary to start the engine).
9. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
10. Mount the hitch (A, Figure 21) to the deck using the
long hitch pin (B).
11. Attach the hitch to the tractor using the two short pins
(C, Figure 21) and safety clips.
12. Start the engine.
B
A
13. Fully raise the attachment lift.
14. Shut off the engine and wait for all moving parts to
stop.
C
Figure 21. Front Hitch and Pins
A. Hitch
B. Long Hitch Pin
C. Short Hitch Pins
D. Drive Shaft
15. Pivot the two front gauge wheels from sliding position
to mowing position by pushing down on the top of the
spindle and pivoting the wheel (see Figure 17). Move
the left rear slide wheel (Figure 18) into mowing position, if equipped.
16. Pull the drive shaft locking collar (A, Figure 22) back
and slide the drive shaft all the way onto the tractor
PTO shaft (B, Figure 19).
17. Release the locking collar and pull the shaft back
until the locking collar locks into place on the drive
shaft.
A
Figure 22. Mower Drive Shaft
A. Locking Collar
23
Operating the Tractor
Attaching a Trailer
A
The maximum weight of a towed trailer should be less
than 800 lbs (363 kg). Secure the trailer with an appropriately sized clevis pin (A, Figure 23) and clip (B).
Excessive towed loads can cause loss of traction and
loss of control on slopes. Reduce towed weight when
operating on slopes. The surface being driven on greatly
impacts traction and stability. Wet or slippery surfaces
can greatly reduce traction and the ability to stop or turn.
Carefully evaluate the surface conditions before operating the tractor and trailer, and never operate on slopes
greater than 10°. See SLOPE OPERATION and
TOWED EQUIPMENT in the safety section of this manual for additional safety information.
B
800 Lb
s.
(363kg
)
3'4"
(1m)
10˚
20' (6m)
Storage
Figure 23. Trailer Weight Recommendations
A. Clevis Pin
B. Clip
WARNING
Never store the unit (with fuel) in an enclosed,
poorly ventilated structure. Fuel vapors can
travel to an ignition source (such as a furnace,
water heater, etc.) and cause an explosion.
Fuel vapor is also toxic to humans and animals.
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
12 Volt Power Outlet
• Disengage the PTO, set the parking brake, and
remove the key.
CAUTION
• Perform engine maintenance and storage measures
listed in the engine owner’s manual. This includes
draining the fuel system, or adding stabilizer to the
fuel (do not store a fueled unit in an enclosed structure - see warning).
Avoid Injury. Safe operation requires your full
attention. Do not wear radio or music headphones
while operating machine.
The 12-volt accessory outlet is located in the left side
pod. It can be used to power small electronic devices.
The accessory must be rated at 14 amps or less.
• Battery life will be increased if it is removed, put in a
cool, dry place and fully charged about once a month.
If the battery is left in the unit, disconnect the negative cable.
Note: Operating a 12-volt accessory, especially with the
engine at idle, may cause battery discharge. When not
using the accessory outlet it must be covered with the
rubber plug to prevent moisture from causing a short circuit. Entrance of water into outlet can cause a short circuit.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored:
• Check all fluid levels. Check all maintenance items.
• Perform all recommended checks and procedures
found in the engine owner’s manual.
• Allow the engine to warm up for several minutes
before use.
24
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your tractor and mower.
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Each
Use
Every 5
Hours
Every 25
Hours
Every 100 Every 250 Spring &
Hours
Hours
Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
•
Check Tractor Brakes
•
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
•
•
TRACTOR MAINTENANCE ITEMS
•
Check Tractor/Mower for Loose Hardware
Clean Debris Out of Engine Compartment
Clean Radiator **
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean Transmission Oil Cooler
Check Transmission Oil Level
•
Change Transmission Oil & Filter ***
•
Check Front Transaxle Oil Level (4WD Only)
•
Check Mower Gear Box Oil Level
•
Check Tire Pressure
•
Clean Battery & Cables
•
Lubricate Tractor & Mower **
•
Clean Deck & Check/Replace Mower Blades**
ENGINE MAINTENANCE ITEMS
Check Engine Oil Level
•
•
Check Engine Coolant Level (Liquid Cooled)*
Change Engine Coolant (Liquid Cooled)*
Check / Change Engine Air Filter *
Change Engine Oil & Filter *
•
Drain Fuel Separator (Diesel Models)*
* Refer to engine owner’s manual. Change original engine oil after initial break-in period.
** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
*** Service after the first 50 hours of operation, then every 250 hours of operation.
25
Regular Maintenance
Engine Maintenance - General
B
Refer to the engine owner’s manual for all engine maintenance procedures and recommendations.
D
C
A
E
Clean Debris Out of Engine
Compartment
Serv