Sony 4-156-541-83(1) User's Manual

4-156-541-83(1)
Linear PCM Recorder
Operating Instructions
Getting Started
Basic Operations
Other Recording Operations
Other Playback Operations
Editing Tracks
About the Menu Function
Utilizing Your Computer
Additional Information
Troubleshooting
Index
PCM-M10/PCM-M10P
© 2009 Sony Corporation
Printed in China
• The recorded music is limited to private use only.
Use of the music beyond this limit requires
permission of the copyright holders.
• Sony is not responsible for incomplete recording/
downloading or damaged data due to problems of
the PCM recorder or computer.
• Depending on the types of the text and characters,
the text shown on the PCM recorder may not be
displayed properly on device. This is due to:
– The capacity of the connected PCM recorder.
– The PCM recorder is not functioning normally.
– Content information is written in the language
or the character that is not supported by the
PCM recorder.
Notice for users
Program © 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Sony Corporation
Documentation ©2009 Sony Corporation
All rights reserved. This manual or the software
described herein, in whole or in part, may not be
reproduced, translated or reduced to any machine
readable form without prior written approval from
Sony Corporation.
IN NO EVENT SHALL SONY CORPORATION BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES,
WHETHER BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT, OR
OTHERWISE, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL, THE
SOFTWARE OR OTHER INFORMATION
CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE USE THEREOF.
Sony Corporation reserves the right to make any
modification to this manual or the information
contained herein at any time without notice.
The software described herein may also be governed
by the terms of a separate user license agreement.
This software is for Windows and cannot be used for
Macintosh.
The supplied connecting cable is for the PCM-M10/
M10P linear PCM Recorder. You cannot connect
other linear PCM recorders.
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Table of Contents
Techniques for Better Recording ..............6
Basic Operations
Getting Started
Recording .............................................22
Listening ..............................................26
Deleting ................................................30
Step 1: Checking the Contents of the
Package .....................................................9
Index to parts and controls .................10
Step 2: Inserting the Batteries .................12
When to replace batteries ...................13
To operate with an AC power
adaptor ................................................14
Step 3: Turning the PCM recorder On ....15
Turning the power on .........................15
Turning the power off .........................15
Step 4: Setting the Clock ........................16
Setting the clock after inserting
batteries ...............................................16
Setting the clock using the menu ........16
Step 5: Setting the Language to Be
Used in the Display Window ..................18
Preventing Accidental Operation –
HOLD .....................................................20
Locking the buttons of the
PCM recorder .....................................20
Unlocking the buttons of the
PCM recorder .....................................20
Other Recording Operations
Changing the Recording Method ............32
Recording using the remote
commander .........................................32
Manual recording ................................33
Recording a few seconds in advance –
the Pre-Recording function .................34
Recording on a memory card ..............36
Recording across memory media –
Cross-Memory Recording ..................39
Changing the Recording Settings ............41
Selecting the recording mode .............41
Setting the microphone sensitivity ......42
Cutting out low frequency –
the LCF function .................................43
Preventing sound distortion–
the LIMITER function ........................44
Recording via Other Devices ..................46
Recording with an external
microphone .........................................46
Recording from other equipment ........47
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Other Playback Operations
About the Menu Function
Changing the Playback Method ..............49
Changing the display
during playback ..................................49
Listening the playback sounds
with the headphones or external
speakers ..............................................50
Quickly locating the point you wish
to start playback – Easy Search .........51
Selecting the playback mode ..............51
Playing back repeatedly ......................52
Changing the Playback Sounds ..............54
Adjusting the playback speed –
the DPC function ................................54
Adjusting the playback tones –
Key Control ........................................55
Reinforcing the bass sound –
Effect ..................................................56
Playback via Other Devices ....................58
Recording with other equipment ........58
Making Settings for the Menu ................71
Menu settings ..........................................72
Editing Tracks
Adding a Mark to a Track .......................60
Using a track mark ..............................60
Adding a “TAKE” or “KEEP” to
a file name ..........................................62
Protecting a track ................................64
Arranging Tracks ....................................65
Copying a track to the other memory ...65
Dividing a track into two ....................66
Deleting all tracks in a folder .............69
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Utilizing Your Computer
Using the PCM recorder with Your
Computer .................................................83
Connecting the PCM recorder to
your computer .....................................84
Structure of folders and files ...............85
Copying Tracks from the PCM
recorder to Your Computer .....................87
Copying Files from Your Computer
to the PCM recorder and Playing
Them Back ..............................................88
Using the PCM Recorder as a USB
Memory – Data Storage Function ...........90
Disconnecting the PCM Recorder from
Your Computer .......................................91
Additional Information
Precautions ..............................................92
Specifications ..........................................95
System requirements ..........................95
Battery life ........................................ 100
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting ....................................102
Error Messages ..................................... 108
System Limitations ............................... 112
Display Window ................................... 113
Index .....................................................116
Trademarks ........................................... 119
What you record is for personal
enjoyment and use only. Copyright laws
prohibit other forms of use without the
permission of the copyright holders.
The use of Memory Stick™ media for
recording copyright-protected graphics or
other data is limited to the restrictions
specified under applicable copyright
laws. Any use beyond those restriction is
prohibited.
This product is compatible with
Memory Stick Micro™ (M2™) media.
M2™ is the abbreviated product name for
a Memory Stick Micro™.
In this booklet, M2™ is used to describe
Memory Stick Micro™ media.
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Techniques for Better Recording
The PCM-M10/M10P linear PCM recorder allows you to enjoy high-quality recording in a
variety of situations. This section introduces easy recording setups for 6 typical music scenes.
For recording a solo acoustic
guitar performance
z Tips for setup
• Use a tripod or other device to set the PCM
recorder about 1 meter from the guitar.
• Set the PCM recorder so that its built-in
microphones face the sound box of the
guitar.
• To start, stop recording, or add track marks
remotely, use the supplied remote
commander.
6
REC LEVEL
AUTO
MIC SENS(ATT)
HI
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For recording a piano performance
z Tips for setup
• Use a tripod or other device to set the PCM
recorder level with the piano keyboard.
• Set the PCM recorder approximately 1.5
meters from the piano.
REC LEVEL
AUTO
MIC SENS(ATT) • When recording near the
piano: LOW
• When recording far from
the piano: HI
For recording a jazz trio
performance
For recording a band performance
at a recording studio
z Tips for setup
• Use a tripod or other device to set the PCM
recorder as close to the lead instrument as
possible.
• While monitoring recording, move the PCM
recorder to the position where volume levels
from instruments are well-balanced.
z Tips for setup
• Use a tripod or other device to set the PCM
recorder.
• Adjust the orientation and height of the PCM
recorder, so that the built-in microphones
face the vocalist.
• Adjust the positions of guitar amplifier and
base amplifier so that their volume levels are
well-balanced.
REC LEVEL
AUTO
MIC SENS(ATT) • When recording near the
instrument: LOW
• When recording far from
the instrument: HI
REC LEVEL
AUTO
MIC SENS(ATT)
LOW
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For recording an electronic piano
performance via a line connection
z Tips for setup
• Connect the line output jack of an electronic
piano to the LINE IN jack of the PCM
recorder with a cable (not supplied).
• Adjust the recording level to the optimum
with the REC LEVEL dial.
REC LEVEL
MANUAL
z Tips for setup
• Set the PCM recorder as close to the
conductor or to the stage as possible.
• Set the PCM recorder so that the built-in
microphones face the performers.
LIMITER
ON (menu setting)
REC LEVEL
MANUAL
LIMITER
ON (menu setting)
z For better recording
• For the most natural and dynamic recording,
manual recording is recommended.
(Adjustment using the REC LEVEL dial is
required.)
• To obtain the best recording results, perform
a trial recording in advance.
8
For recording a musical
performance of large number of
performers such as a children’s
chorus at a concert hall
GB
• The PCM recorder provides a level guide
function that displays an error message when
an excessive recording level is detected
during automatic recording.
Getting Started
Step 1: Checking the Contents of the
Package
Wind screen (PCM-M10P only)
Getting Started
Linear PCM recorder (1)
CD-ROM (2)
• Sound Forge Audio Studio LE (1)
• Operating instructions as PDF files (1)
Operating Instructions
Remove the film on the display window
before you use the PCM recorder.
Remote commander (1)
USB connecting cable (1)
“Sound Forge Audio Studio LE” is a
software application that supports editing
and CD creation on your computer. For an
introduction to installation of the software,
see the “Sound Forge™ Audio Studio LE
Guide.”
You are cautioned that any changes or
modifications not expressly approved in this
manual could void your authority to operate
this equipment.
LR6 (size AA) alkaline batteries (2)
Hand strap (1)
Carrying pouch (1)
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Index to parts and controls
Front
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
(repeat) A-B button
DISPLAY button
REC LEVEL (recording level) dial
POWER/HOLD switch
REMOTE jack
ACCESS indicator
T-MARK (track mark) button
Strap hole
Rear
A Peak level L/R (-12 dB/OVER)
indicators
B Display window
C DELETE button
D MENU button
E
(folder) button
F > FF/ v (fast-forward/up) button
G . FR/ V (fast-rewind/down) button
H x STOP button
I X PAUSE button/indicator
J N PLAY/ENTER button/indicator*
K z REC (record) button/indicator
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T LINE IN (line input) jack
U MIC SENS(ATT) (microphone
sensitivity (attenuator)) HI/LOW (high/
low) switch
V m (microphone) jack (Plug In Power
compatible)*
* These buttons and jack have a tactile dot.
Use it as a reference point for operations, or
to identify each terminal.
Remote commander (supplied)
Getting Started
W REC LEVEL (recording level)
MANUAL/AUTO switch
X Hole for attaching the tripod (not
supplied)
Y Battery compartment
Z Speaker (on the basement)
wj Built-in microphones (stereo)
wk DPC (SPEED CTRL) (speed control)
ON/OFF switch
wl i/LINE OUT (headphone/line output)
jack
e;
USB connector
ea M2™/microSD memory card slot
es DC IN 3V jack
ed VOLUME (volume) +*/– button
1
2
3
4
5
6
X PAUSE button
x STOP button
OPR (Operation) indicator
Connecting plug
z REC button
T-MARK (track mark) button
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Step 2: Inserting the Batteries
1 Slide and lift the battery compartment lid
in the direction of the arrow.
If the battery compartment lid is
detached
2 Insert the two supplied LR6 (size AA)
alkaline batteries into the battery
compartment, and then close the lid.
Be sure to insert the batteries with the 3
and # ends in the right position.
If you drop the PCM recorder or handle it
roughly, the battery compartment lid may
become detached.
If this occurs, insert a projected part at one
end of the battery compartment lid into the
opening on the PCM recorder (1), and
then align the other projected part of the lid
along the slit of the PCM recorder (2) as
illustrated above. Then stand up the lid and
push it down until the lid is attached to the
PCM recorder.
When using rechargeable
batteries
You can use rechargeable batteries with the
PCM recorder. To use rechargeable
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z Tips
• Even if fully-charged rechargeable batteries
are inserted, the battery indicator may not
show the full status.
• Use a charger to recharge batteries at room
temperatures.
• Use the following charger and rechargeable
batteries for the PCM recorder:
– Nickel metal hydride rechargeable battery:
NH-AA-B2K
– Quick battery charger for nickel metal
hydride rechargeable batteries:
BCG-34HS2K
When to replace batteries
When using batteries, the battery indicator
on the display shows the battery condition.
Battery remain indication
Getting Started
batteries, select “NiMH Battery” in the
“Battery Setting” submenu of the “Detail
Menu.” With this setting, the battery
remain indicator for the rechargeable
batteries will be displayed more precisely.
See “Making Settings for the Menu” on
page 71.
: “Low Battery Level” appears.
Replace two old batteries with new
ones soon.
m
: “Change Battery” appears and the
PCM recorder will stop operation.
z Tips
• Do not use manganese batteries for this PCM
recorder.
• When replacing the batteries, tracks
recorded are not deleted even when you
remove the batteries.
• When replacing batteries, the clock
continues moving for about 3 minutes after
you remove the batteries.
• When replacing batteries, turn off the power
of the PCM recorder.
• Do not mix different types of batteries.
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To operate with an AC
power adaptor
Insert a commercially-available applicable
AC power adaptor securely into the DC IN
3V jack until it stops to the end.
You can use an AC power adaptor that
supports:
• Output voltage: DC3V
• Output current: 1A
• Polarity of the plug
P Note
to the DC IN
3V jack
to a wall
outlet
AC power
adaptor
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Operations of not all AC power adaptors are
supported.
Step 3: Turning the PCM recorder On
Turning the power on
Turning the power off
Getting Started
Slide the POWER/HOLD switch in the
direction of “POWER” for more than
2 seconds, and an animation of “See You!”
is displayed.
Slide the POWER/HOLD switch in the
direction of “POWER” for more than
1 second. The PCM recorder is turned on,
and an animation of “Accessing...” is
displayed.
z Tips
• The PCM recorder is accessing memory
while “Accessing...” appears on the display
or the ACCESS indicator flashes. During
this time, do not remove or insert batteries
and do not disconnect a commerciallyavailable applicable AC power adaptor, or
the USB connecting cable. Doing so may
damage the data.
• Even if you do not use the PCM recorder, the
batteries are consumed slightly. When you
are not going to use the PCM recorder for an
extend period of time, it is recommended
that you turn the power off and remove the
batteries.
• When the PCM recorder remains turned on
and in the stop mode for about 10 minutes or
longer, the window display turns off
automatically and the PCM recorder enters
the sleep mode. You can operate the PCM
recorder by pressing a button.
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Step 4: Setting the Clock
Setting the clock after
inserting batteries
1 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to set the
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
year, and then press N PLAY/ENTER.
Perform the same operations to set
month, day, hour, and minute in
sequence.
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
2 Press x STOP to return to the stop mode
Recorded audio files (tracks) are named
using the date and time of the clock. By
setting the clock before recording, the
recording’s date and time will be correctly
saved.
When the PCM recorder is turned on before
the clock has been set, “Set Clock” appears
on the display. Then the “Clock” display of
the menu appears, and the year section
flashes in the display window.
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display.
Setting the clock using the
menu
While the PCM recorder is in the stop
mode, you can set the clock using the menu.
1 Select “Clock” in the menu in the stop
mode.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to set the
Getting Started
year, and then press N PLAY/ENTER.
Perform the same operations to set
month, day, hour, and minute in
sequence.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to
select “Detail Menu,” and then press
N PLAY/ENTER.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to
select “Clock,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the date, and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
4 Press x STOP to return to the stop mode
display.
P Notes
• If you do not press a button within 1 minute
of entering the clock setting data, the clock
setting mode is cancelled and the window
will return to the stop mode display.
• If you leave the PCM recorder for
approximately 3 minutes or longer, with no
batteries inserted, the clock is reset to the
default settings. In this case, set the clock
again.
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Step 5: Setting the Language to Be Used in
the Display Window
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTERT.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can select the language to be used for
tracks, menus, folder names, file names,
etc. from 11 languages.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be displayed.
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3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Language,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the language that you want to use, and
then press N PLAY/ENTER.
Getting Started
You can select the following languages.
Deutsch (German), English,
Español (Spanish), Français (French),
Italiano (Italian), Русский (Russian),
(Japanese),
(Korean),
(Chinese),
(Chinese),
(Thai).
5 Press x STOP to return to the stop mode
display.
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Preventing Accidental Operation – HOLD
Locking the buttons of the
PCM recorder
Unlocking the buttons of the
PCM recorder
Slide the POWER/HOLD switch towards
the center so that all buttons will be
unlocked.
P Note
When the HOLD function is activated during
recording, all the functions of the buttons of
the PCM recorder are locked to prevent
accidental operation. To stop recording, cancel
the HOLD function first.
z Tip
Even if the HOLD function is activated, you
can start, pause, or stop recording, or add track
marks by using the remote commander
connected to the PCM recorder.
Slide the POWER/HOLD switch in the
direction of “HOLD.”
“HOLD” will appear for approximately 3
seconds and all the functions of the buttons
of the PCM recorder are locked.
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GB
Getting Started
GB
21
Basic Operations
Recording
P Note
Before making a recording, turn on the power of the PCM recorder.
Selecting a folder
1 Press
to display the folder selection window in the
stop mode.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select the folder in
which you want to record tracks (
FOLDER01-10).
When you purchase the PCM recorder, there are 10
folders already available.
> FF/ v
. FR/ V
3 Press N PLAY/ENTER.
N PLAY/
ENTER
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Starting recording (automatic recording)
1 Set the REC LEVEL switch to “AUTO,” and press
z REC
X PAUSE
2 Turn the built-in microphones in the direction of the
source to be recorded, and press X PAUSE, or
N PLAY/ENTER.
Recording starts. The new track will be recorded at the
end in the selected folder.
Basic Operations
z REC in the stop mode to enter the recording standby
mode.
The z REC indicator lights in red and the X PAUSE
indicator flashes in orange (Recording Standby mode).
When you select “AUTO,” the recording level will be
adjusted automatically.
The REC LEVEL dial adjustment is enabled when you
select “MANUAL.”
You can change the microphone sensitivity with the
MIC SENS(ATT) switch.
Built-in
L
R micro-
phones
X PAUSE
N PLAY/
ENTER
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To stop recording
Press x STOP.
The ACCESS indicator flashes in orange and the PCM
recorder stops at the beginning of the current recording.
x STOP
Note while accessing
The PCM recorder is recording data and saving it in memory when the ACCESS indicator flashes
in orange. While the PCM recorder is accessing data, do not remove the batteries, plug or unplug an
AC power adaptor or connecting cables. Doing so may damage the data.
Other operations
pause recording
Press X PAUSE. During recording pause, “
display window.
release pause and resume
recording
Press X PAUSE again or press N PLAY/ENTER. Recording
resumes from that point. (To stop recording after pausing recording,
press x STOP.)
” flashes in the
z Tips
• You can record up to 99 tracks in each folder.
• When an excessive recording level (exceeding –1 dB) is detected during the recording standby
mode, the peak level L/R OVER indicators light in red and the following level guide is displayed.
You may solve the problem by moving the PCM recorder far from the sound source, or setting the
MIC SENS(ATT) switch to “LOW.” If the problem persists, use manual recording (page 33).
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Basic Operations
• When a memory card is being inserted, you can continue recording a track by changing the folder
to save the track from the internal memory to the memory card automatically after the internal
memory is full (Cross-Memory Recording)(page 39).
• When you connect the supplied wired remote commander to the PCM recorder, you can also
press z REC, X PAUSE, and x STOP on the remote commander to perform recording
operations.
• Before you start recording, we recommend you make a trial recording first.
P Notes
• Operating or touch noises may be recorded if an object, such as your finger, etc., accidentally rubs
or scratches the PCM recorder during recording.
• You do not need to press and hold z REC while recording.
• Before making a recording, be sure to check the battery indicator (page 13).
• In automatic recording, the REC LEVEL dial adjustment and the LIMITER setting will not work.
Listening the recording with headphones (not supplied) – Monitoring
If you connect headphones (not supplied) to the i/LINE OUT (headphone/line output) jack,
you can monitor the recording. You can adjust the monitoring volume by pressing VOLUME
+/–, but the recording level is fixed.
P Note
i/LINE OUT
(headphone/line
output) jack
Make sure that “Audio Out” in the menu
is set to “Headphones.” If “LINE OUT” is
selected, do not connect headphones; the
playback sound from the headphones will
be very loud.
The “Audio Out” in the menu is set to
“Headphones,” when you purchase the
PCM recorder (page 58).
VOLUME +/–
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Listening
P Note
Before the playback starts, turn on the power of the PCM recorder.
Before you start playback
Connect headphones (not supplied) to the i/LINE OUT
(headphone/line output) jack for better playback sound.
i/LINE
OUT jack
P Note
Make sure that “Audio Out” in the menu is set to
“Headphones.” If “LINE OUT” is selected, do not connect
headphones; the playback sound from the headphones will be
very loud.
The “Audio Out” in the menu is set to “Headphones,” when
you purchase the PCM recorder (page 58).
Headphones
plug
To start playback
1 Press
in the stop mode.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select the folder.
> FF/ v
. FR/ V
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3 Press N PLAY/ENTER.
N PLAY/
ENTER
want to play.
Basic Operations
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select the track you
> FF/ v
. FR/ V
5 Press N PLAY/ENTER.
Playback will start soon, and the N PLAY/ENTER
indicator will light in green. (When “LED” is set to
“OFF” in the menu (page 79), the indicator does not
light.)
6
N PLAY/
ENTER
Press VOLUME +/– to adjust the volume.
VOLUME +/–
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To stop playback
Press x STOP.
The PCM recorder stops at the current position. To resume
playback from that point, press N PLAY/ENTER.
x STOP
N PLAY/
ENTER
Other operations
stop at the current position Press X PAUSE. To resume playback from that point, press X
(Playback Pause function) PAUSE again or press N PLAY/ENTER.
During playback pause, “
” flashes in the display window.
go back to the beginning of Press . FR/ V once.*1
the current track
go back to previous tracks Press . FR/ V repeatedly.*2
(During the stop mode, keep the button pressed to go back the tracks
continuously.)*3
skip to the next track
Press > FF/ v once.*1
skip to the succeeding
tracks
Press > FF/ v repeatedly.*2
(During the stop mode, keep the button pressed to skip the tracks
continuously.)*3
Fast forward (Cue)
Press and hold the > FF/ v during playback.*4
Fast reverse (Review)
Press and hold the . FR/ V during playback.*4
*1 When a track mark is set, the PCM recorder goes backward or forward to the track mark before or
after the current point.
*2 These operations are for when “Easy Search” is set to “OFF” (page 77).
*3 In the continuous searching mode, the PCM recorder does not locate track marks.
*4 If you press and hold the button, the PCM recorder goes forward or backward slowly at first, and then
at gradually higher speed.
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z Quickly locating the point you want to start playback (Easy Search)
By setting “Easy Search” to “ON” in the menu, you can go back approximately 3 seconds by
pressing . FR/ V, or advance approximately 10 seconds during playback by pressing > FF/
v (page 51).
Basic Operations
z Tracks that the PCM recorder can play back
In addition to the tracks that the PCM recorder has recorded as LPCM (WAV) or MP3 files, the
PCM recorder can play back WMA, AAC-LC (m4a), MP3, and LPCM (WAV) files copied from
your computer or other external device.
To select a folder
The PCM recorder saves the tracks it has recorded and the files copied from your computer or
other external device in the following folder structure. There are two types of folders, which
can be distinguished by the folder indicators in the display window as follows:
Folder selection window
:
Folder for tracks recorded using the
PCM recorder
(FOLDER01-FOLDER10) (They
have already been made when you
purchase the PCM recorder.)
:
Folder copied from a computer
(These folders are displayed when
music files have been copied from a
computer.)
MUSIC
Part of the folder structure of the
internal memory
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Deleting
P Notes
• Once a track has been deleted, you cannot retrieve it.
• Before deleting the track, turn on the power.
Selecting a track and deleting it
1 Select the track you want to delete when the PCM
recorder is in the stop or playback mode.
2 Press DELETE.
“Delete?” appears with the track title.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select “Execute.”
DELETE
> FF/ v
. FR/ V
4 Press N PLAY/ENTER.
“Deleting...” appears in the display window and the
selected track will be deleted.
When a track is deleted, the remaining tracks will
advance so that there will be no space between tracks.
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N PLAY/
ENTER
To cancel deleting midway
Select “Cancel” in step 3 of “Selecting a track and deleting
it,” and then press N PLAY/ENTER.
Basic Operations
N PLAY/
ENTER
Deleting another track
Proceed with the steps 1 through 4 in “Selecting a track and deleting it.”
Deleting a part of a track
Use the Divide function in the menu to divide a track into two first, one you want to delete
and the other you do not want to delete. Then proceed with the steps 1 through 4 in “Selecting
a track and deleting it.”
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Other Recording Operations
Changing the Recording Method
Recording using the remote
commander
recording, pausing and stopping recording,
and adding track marks.
You can operate the PCM recorder even
while it is in the hold state.
z Using the remote commander for
better recorded sound
to REMOTE
jack
You can use the supplied wired remote
commander to perform recorder operations
remotely. Insert the remote commander
plug securely into the REMOTE jack.
Press the appropriate buttons on the remote
commander to perform operations such as
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GB
• By operating the PCM recorder using the
remote commander, you can prevent the
PCM recorder from picking up noises which
may be caused by accidentally pressing a
button, touching the case, or holding the
PCM recorder.
• By placing the PCM recorder at the most
suitable position for recording (e.g. at the
center of multiple players, or near the stage),
and by starting and stopping recording
remotely, you can obtain a more lively and
natural stereo sound recording.
Manual recording
1 Set the REC LEVEL switch to
“MANUAL.”
2 Select a folder.
Other Recording Operations
Built-in
microphones
REC LEVEL
3 Press z REC.
z REC
The PCM recorder enters the recording
standby mode. When the microphones
pick up sound, the level meter in the
display window moves.
N PLAY/ENTER
x STOP
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
When you set the REC LEVEL switch to
“MANUAL,” you can adjust the recording
level manually, according to the sound
source. If necessary, you can also utilize the
“LIMITER” (page 44) and “LCF(Low Cut
Filter)” (page 43) in the menu to reduce
sound distortion.
4 Adjust the recording level with the REC
LEVEL dial.
You can check the recording level with
both the peak meter of the display
window and the peak level indicators.
Adjust the level closer to –12 dB, into a
range that is appropriate for your sound
source.
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GB
If the peak level OVER indicator lights
in red when the recording level exceeds
–1 dB, or “
” appears on the
display window, distortion may occur.
Reduce the recording level.
OVER indication
Adjust the
maximum level
of the sound to
about –12 dB.
Recording a few seconds in
advance –
the Pre-Recording function
MENU
z REC
5 Make other settings for recording, such
as “LIMITER” (page 44), “LCF(Low
Cut Filter)” (page 43), etc., in the menu.
6 To start recording, press X PAUSE or
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
N PLAY/ENTER.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
7 To stop recording, press x STOP.
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GB
The pre-recording function allows you to
record sound sources for approximately 5
seconds prior to the point when recording is
actually started.
This is useful for recording during
interviews or when making an open-air
recording so that you will not miss an
opportunity to start recording.
Sounds for 5 seconds are
buffered in the memory
Press X PAUSE or
N PLAY/ENTER.
Recording
starts.
Other Recording Operations
Press z REC to
enter the recording
standby mode.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
6 Select a folder.
7 Press z REC.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“PRE REC,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The PCM recorder enters the recording
standby mode. Pre-recording starts and
sounds for a maximum of the last 5
seconds are buffered in the memory.
Displays how
long the sound
is buffered in the
memory.
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GB
8 To start recording, press X PAUSE or
N PLAY/ENTER.
Recording on a memory
card
The standby for recording mode is
released, and recording continues from
the sound buffered in step 7.
9 To stop recording, press x STOP.
P Notes
• If you start recording with the pre-recording
function using the built-in microphones, a
click noise may be recorded when you press
z REC. To record with the pre-recording
function, we recommend you use the
supplied wired remote commander or an
external microphone.
• When the remaining recordable time is less
than 10 seconds, the pre-recording function
is disabled. Before starting to use the prerecording function, delete unwanted files.
• If you stop recording before step 8, sounds
buffered in the memory will not be saved.
To cancel the pre-recording
function
Set “PRE REC” to “OFF” in step 4.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/ENTER
Insert M2™ with the terminal side
facing toward you .*
*when you are inserting
a memory card with
the back side of the
PCM recorder facing
toward you.
Insert microSD card with the label
side facing toward you.*
In addition to the built-in memory, you can
record a track on a memory card.
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GB
About compatible memory cards
The microSD/microSDHC cards that have
been operationally tested according to our
standards are as follows.
Supplier 1 GB 2 GB 4 GB 8 GB 16 GB
Toshiba
a
a
a
a
a
Panasonic
a
a
a
a
a
SanDisk
a
a
a
a
a
a :Operation tested
– :Operation not tested
As of September 2009
For the PCM recorder, the operational tests
performed were using microSD/microSDHC
cards available as of September 2009.
In this manual, M2™ and microSD
memory cards are generally referred to as a
“memory card.”
The M2™/microSD card slot is referred to
as the “memory card slot.”
Due to the file system specifications of the
PCM recorder, you can record and play
back an LPCM file smaller than 2 GB, and
an MP3, AAC-LC, or WMA file smaller
than 1 GB using a memory card.
The maximum number of tracks you can
record on a memory card is 5,000.
Other Recording Operations
Memory cards that you can use with the
PCM recorder are as follows:
• Memory Stick Micro™ (M2™) media:
Up to16 GB is supported. For compatible
M2™, please refer to the Sony web site
(page 95).
• microSD card:
A microSD (FAT16) card smaller than
2 GB and a microSDHC (FAT32) card
from 4 GB to 16 GB are supported.
A memory card of 64 MB or less is not
supported.
P Note
Operations of all types of compatible memory
cards are not guaranteed.
Inserting a memory card
Before recording, be sure to copy all the
data saved on the memory card to your
computer and format the memory card on
the PCM recorder so it contains no data.
1 Open the cover of the memory card slot
in the stop mode.
2 Insert an M2™
or microSD card, in the
direction shown in the illustration on
page 36, securely to the end of the slot
until it clicks into place. Then close the
cover.
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GB
To remove a memory card
Be sure that the ACCESS indicator is off,
and then push the memory card into the
slot. When it pops out, remove it from the
memory card slot.
On folder and track file structure
Ten folders are created in a memory card in
addition to those in the built-in memory.
The structure of folders and track files is
somewhat different from that of the built-in
memory (page 85).
Using a memory card for
recording and playback (Memory
setting)
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Memory,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
P Notes
• Do not insert or remove a memory card
during recording/playback. Doing so may
cause a malfunction of the PCM recorder.
• Do not remove a memory card while
“Accessing...” appears on the display
window or the ACCESS indicator flashes in
orange. Doing so may damage the data.
• If a memory card is not recognized, remove
it and then insert it into the PCM recorder
again.
• Close the cover of the memory card slot
firmly. Also, do not insert any liquid, metal,
flammable or any object other than a
memory card into the slot. Doing so may
cause fire, electric shock, or malfunctions.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Memory Card,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To use the built-in memory
Select “Built-In Memory” in step 3.
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GB
To start recording
Recording across memory
media –
Cross-Memory Recording
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
recorder automatically switches its
destination to the other memory media and
continues recording (Cross-Memory
Recording).
Other Recording Operations
Select the folder and press z REC to enter
recording standby mode. Then press X
PAUSE or N PLAY/ENTER to start
recording.
For automatic recording, see “Recording”
on page 22. For manual recording, see
“Manual recording” on page 33.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Cross-Memory Recording,” and then
press N PLAY/ENTER.
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
When the memory currently being used
becomes full during recording, the PCM
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GB
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
When the recording stops, the PCM
recorder stops at the beginning of the new
track.
P Notes
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To cancel Cross-Memory
Recording
Select “OFF” in step 4.
When the current memory media
becomes full during recording
The following message appears on the
display window. Recording continues as a
new track in a recordable folder of the
smallest folder number available for the
other memory media.
A new track is created with a new file
name.
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GB
• If the other memory media is also full, a
message is displayed and the PCM recorder
stops recording.
• When you play back the original track
recorded with Cross-Memory Recording, the
PCM recorder does not play the succeeding
track automatically.
• Before attempting Cross-Memory
Recording, check to see if the memory card
is detected in the “Memory” menu in
advance (page 38).
Changing the Recording Settings
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can select the recording mode in the
menu when the PCM recorder is in the stop
mode.
• LPCM (Linear PCM): This is a WAV file
and you can record the sound without
compression, providing higher quality
than MP3. On the other hand, the file size
is large, it takes time to copy to a
computer, and the available recording
time in the PCM recorder is shorter than
MP3. We recommend this recording
mode for recording when the sound
quality is important.
• MP3: A standard method of sound
compression, which can be played back
using many different kinds of computers.
Other Recording Operations
Selecting the recording
mode
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“REC Mode,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
About the recording modes
The PCM recorder is compatible with 2
types of recording modes: LPCM (Linear
PCM) and MP3. The features offered by
each are as follows.
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GB
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the desired recording mode, and then
press N PLAY/ENTER.
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit
LPCM 44.10kHz/16bit*
LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit
LPCM 48.00kHz/16bit
LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit
LPCM 96.00kHz/24bit
MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps**
MP3 44.10kHz/128kbps
MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
LPCM (Not
compressed)
mode
You can
record with
higher sound
quality.
MP3
(compressed)
mode
You can
record with
higher sound
quality.
* default setting
** for a long-time recording
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
P Note
You cannot set the recording mode while
recording.
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GB
z About the sampling frequency
and quantifying bit number
• Sampling frequency is a value that
represents how many times an analog signal
is converted into a digital signal (A/D
conversion) per second. The larger the value
of sampling frequency, the better the sound
quality, but also the larger the amount of
data.
• Quantifying bit number is a value that
represents the amount of data it takes for
1second of audio. The larger the value of the
bit number, the larger amount of data it takes
and the better the sound quality.
Setting the microphone
sensitivity
HI (high)*
LOW
Usually select this position.
• The microphone attenuator is
set to “HI.” (In manual
recording)
• The microphone sensitivity is
set to high. (In automatic
recording)
Select this position to record a
sudden loud sound.
• The microphone attenuator is
set to “LOW.” (In manual
recording)
• The microphone sensitivity is
set to low. (In automatic
recording)
* The microphone sensitivity is set to “HI” when
you purchase the PCM recorder.
Cutting out low frequency –
the LCF function
Other Recording Operations
You can set the sensitivity of the built-in
microphones and an external microphone
connected to the m (microphone) jack of
the PCM recorder. Switch the MIC
SENS(ATT) switch according to the
recording conditions or to suit your
purposes, when the PCM recorder is either
stopped or is recording.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
When you set the LCF(Low Cut Filter)
function to “ON” in the stop or recording
mode, you cut out a low frequency to
reduce the air conditioner noise, roaring
noise from wind, etc.; therefore you can
record a track more clearly.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
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2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“LCF(Low Cut Filter),” and then press
N PLAY/ENTER.
Preventing sound distortion–
the LIMITER function
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
To cancel the LCF function
During the stop or recording mode, you can
set the LIMITER function.
When the “LIMITER” is set to “ON,” the
input sound that is too loud is adjusted
automatically to the maximum input level
to prevent sound distortion.
Set “LCF(Low Cut Filter)” to “OFF” in
step 3.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The LCF function is set to “OFF” when
you purchase the PCM recorder.
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
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GB
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
“LIMITER,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
Set “LIMITER” to “OFF” in step 4.
P Notes
Other Recording Operations
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
To cancel the LIMITER function
• When the REC LEVEL switch is set to
“AUTO,” the LIMITER function does not
work.
• When the “LIMITER” is set to “ON,” the
limiter function of the PCM recorder covers
the input from the maximum input level to
+12 dB. If the input exceeds this limit,
sounds may be distorted.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The LIMITER function is set to “OFF”
when you purchase the PCM recorder.
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
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Recording via Other Devices
Recording with an external
microphone
Stereo
microphone
m (microphone) jack
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
You can record from an external
microphone. When an external microphone
is connected, the built-in microphones and
the input from the LINE IN jack become
disabled.
1 Connect an external microphone to the
m (microphone) jack when the PCM
recorder is in the stop mode.
“Plug In Power” appears in the display
window.
If “Plug In Power” is not displayed, set it
in the menu (page 82).
2 Press> FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
REC LEVEL
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
z REC
N PLAY/ENTER
X PAUSE
x STOP
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GB
When a plug in power type microphone
is connected, power is automatically
supplied to the microphone from the
PCM recorder.
3 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
4 Set the REC LEVEL switch to “AUTO”
5 Press z REC.
The PCM recorder enters the recording
standby mode. The built-in microphones
and input from the LINE IN are
automatically cut off.
You can adjust the microphone
sensitivity with the MIC SENS(ATT)
switch (page 42).
Other Recording Operations
for automatic recording, or “MANUAL”
for manual recording.
Recording from other
equipment
Tape recorder or CD
player
Audio
connecting
cable
LINE IN
REC LEVEL
6 To start recording, press X PAUSE or
N PLAY/ENTER.
7 When “MANUAL” has been selected in
step 4, adjust the recording level with the
REC LEVEL dial.
8 To stop recording, press x STOP.
z Recommended microphones (not
z REC
N PLAY/ENTER
X PAUSE
x STOP
supplied)
We recommend you use the Sony
ECM-MS957 electret condenser microphone.
You can make music files without using the
computer by recording the sound from
other equipment connected to the PCM
recorder. When an external equipment is
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GB
connected, the built-in microphones
become disabled.
1 Connect an external equipment to the
PCM recorder in the stop mode.
Connect the audio output jacks (stereo
minijack) of external equipment to the
LINE IN jack of the PCM recorder using
a Sony audio connecting cable (not
supplied).
2 Set the REC LEVEL switch to “AUTO”
for automatic recording, or “MANUAL”
for manual recording.
3 Press z REC.
The PCM recorder enters the recording
standby mode.
4 Start playback with the connected
external equipment.
5 To start recording, press X PAUSE or
N PLAY/ENTER.
6 When “MANUAL” has been selected in
step 2, adjust the recording level with the
REC LEVEL dial.
7 To stop recording, press x STOP.
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z Recommended audio connecting
cable (not supplied)
We recommend you use Sony RK-G129 audio
connecting cable (not supplied).
P Note
When both m (microphone) jack and LINE IN
jack are connected with an external
microphone and an external device
respectively, the input from the m
(microphone) jack has the priority. When
using the input from the LINE IN jack, remove
an external microphone from the m
(microphone) jack.
Other Playback Operations
Changing the Playback Method
Changing the display during
playback
Other Playback Operations
You can change the display during
playback between the file information
display and the level meter display.
• File information display
• Level meter display
You can play back a track while checking
the recorded levels.
level meter
Title name
Artist name
File name
Current folder icon
A track recorded using the PCM recorder
is displayed as follows.
: Track title name: Date
(yymmdd)_file number (e.g.
090101_01)
: Artist name (e.g. My Recording)
File Name: Date (yymmdd)_file number
_file extension (e.g.
090101_01.wav)
: Current folder name: 01 (FOLDER
01) to 10 (FOLDER 10)
You can change the folder name, title,
artist name, and/or file name using your
computer.
Selecting the level meter display
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
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GB
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Level Meter in Playback,” and then
press N PLAY/ENTER.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“ON,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The Level Meter in Playback function is
set to “OFF” when you purchase the
PCM recorder.
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To display file information
Set “Level Meter in Playback” to “OFF in step
3.
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Listening the playback
sounds with the
headphones or external
speakers
• To listen with the headphones:
Connect stereo headphones (not supplied)
to the i/LINE OUT (headphone/line
output) jack. The built-in speaker will be
automatically disconnected. Adjust the
volume with the VOLUME +/– buttons.
• To listen from an external speaker:
Connect the speaker cord of the carrying
case speaker CKS-M10 (not supplied) to
the i/LINE OUT (headphone/line
output) jack of the PCM recorder. Adjust
the volume with the VOLUME +/–
buttons.
Or use a Sony audio connecting cable (not
supplied) to connect the microphone or
line input jack of an external active or
passive speaker (not supplied) with the i/
LINE OUT (headphone/line output) jack
of the PCM recorder.
P Notes
• Set “Audio Out” in the menu to
“Headphones” to use the i/LINE OUT
(headphone/line output) jack as a
headphone.
• When “Audio Out” in the menu is set to
“LINE OUT,” do not connect headphones;
the playback sound from the headphones
will be very loud.
When “Easy Search” is set to “ON” in the
menu, you can quickly locate the point at
which you wish to start playback by
pressing > FF/ v or . FR/ V
repeatedly during playback (page 77). You
can go back approx. 3 seconds by pressing
. FR/ V once, or advance approx. 10
seconds by pressing > FF/ v once. This
function is useful for locating a desired
point in a long recording, such as in a
recording of musical instruments.
Other Playback Operations
Quickly locating the point
you wish to start playback –
Easy Search
back rapidly, and normal playback will start
at the point you release the button.
• If the last track is long and you wish to start
playback at a later part of the track, press and
hold > FF/ v to go to the end of the track,
and then press . FR/ V while “TRACK
END” is lit to go back to the desired point.
• For tracks other than the last one, go to the
beginning of the next track and play
backward to the desired point.
Selecting the playback
mode
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
z When tracks are played back to
the end of the last track
• When you play back or fast play back to the
end of the last track, “TRACK END” lights
up for approx. 5 seconds.
• When “TRACK END” goes off, the PCM
recorder will stop at the beginning of the last
track.
• If you press and hold . FR/ V while
“TRACK END” is lit, the tracks are played
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can select the playback mode in the
menu.
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GB
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode
when the PCM recorder is in the stop or
playback mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Play Mode,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
ALL
1
All the tracks are played back
continuously.
One track is played back repeatedly.
Tracks in one folder are played back
repeatedly.
ALL All the tracks are played back
repeatedly.
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
Playing back repeatedly
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“1,” “ ,” “ALL,” “
1,” “
,” or
ALL,” and then press N PLAY/
“
ENTER.
A-B
N PLAY/
ENTER
1
A track is played back.
Tracks in one folder are played back
continuously.
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GB
Playing back a track repeatedly
• To change the segment specified for A-B
Repeat playback:
During A-B Repeat playback, press
(repeat) A-B again to specify a new
starting point A. Then specify a new
finishing point B, as in step 2.
Other Playback Operations
During playback, press and hold N PLAY/
ENTER until “ 1” appears. The selected
track will be played back repeatedly.
To resume normal playback, press N
PLAY/ENTER again.
Playing back a specified section
repeatedly – A-B Repeat
1 During playback, press
(repeat) A-B
to specify the starting point A.
“A-B B?” is displayed.
2 Press
(repeat) A-B again to specify
the finishing point B.
“
A-B” is displayed and the specified
section is played back repeatedly.
Other operations
• To resume normal playback:
Press N PLAY/ENTER.
• To stop A-B Repeat playback:
Press x STOP.
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GB
Changing the Playback Sounds
Adjusting the playback
speed – the DPC function
1 Slide the DPC (SPEED CTRL) switch to
“ON.”
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
“DPC(Speed Control),” and then press
N PLAY/ENTER.
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
When you slide the DPC (SPEED CTRL)
(Digital Pitch Speed Control) switch to
“ON,” you can adjust the playback speed
between +100% and –75% of normal speed
in the menu.
The track is played back in natural tones
thanks to the digital processing function.
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GB
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to adjust
the playback speed.
Press > FF/ v to increase the speed, or
. FR/ V to make it slower. Every time
the button is pressed, you can decrease
the speed by 5% for – from –75% to 0%,
and increase the speed by 10% for +
between 0% and 100%.
Adjusting the playback
tones – Key Control
playback speed.
6 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
7 Press N PLAY/ENTER to start
playback.
Tracks are played back at the selected
playback speed.
To resume normal playback
Slide the DPC (SPEED CTRL) switch to
“OFF.”
Other Playback Operations
5 Press N PLAY/ENTER to execute the
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can adjust the playback sounds in
semitones higher or lower, each in 6 step
(Key Control), whichever is best suited for
practicing songs to the recorded
accompaniment.
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Key Control,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
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GB
Key control
setting
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to adjust
the playback tone.
Press > FF/ v to adjust the sounds by
a halftone higher (#1 to #6), or . FR/
V to adjust it by a halftone lower (21 to
26), each in 6 steps.
4 Press N PLAY/ENTER to set the
To resume normal playback
sounds
Select “0” in step 3.
Reinforcing the bass
sound – Effect
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
playback tone.
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
6 Press N PLAY/ENTER to start
playback.
Tracks are played back at the selected
tone. The setting ( #1 to #6, 21 to 26) is
displayed on the display window.
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can set the bass sound you want for the
playback in the menu.
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GB
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode
when the PCM recorder is in the stop or
playback mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
“Effect,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
5 Press N PLAY/ENTER to start
playback.
Tracks are played back with the selected
effect.
Other Playback Operations
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
P Notes
• When you play back using the built-in
speaker, this setting does not work.
• When “LINE OUT” is selected in “Audio
Out” in the menu, the Effect function does
not work.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
effect you want for the playback, and
then press N PLAY/ENTER.
Bass1 Emphasizes the bass sound.
Bass2 Emphasizes the bass sound even more.
OFF
The Effect function does not work.
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GB
Playback via Other Devices
Recording with other
equipment
Tape recorder, etc.
i/LINE OUT
jack
the audio input connector (stereo
minijack) of other equipment using an
audio connecting cable.
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode in
the stop mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Detail Menu,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
Audio
connecting
cable
x STOP
N PLAY/ENTER
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
You can record the sound of the PCM
recorder with other equipment.
Before you start recording, we recommend
you to make a trial recording first.
1 Connect the i/LINE OUT (headphone/
line output) jack of the PCM recorder to
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GB
“Audio Out,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
5 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“LINE OUT,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
• To listen playback with the headphones, set
“Audio Out” to “Headphones” (page 50).
• If input from an external equipment is
distorted, select “Headphones” in step 5 and
adjust the volume with VOLUME +/–
buttons.
• When “LINE OUT” is selected, the Effect
function does not work.
• While the “LINE OUT” is selected, you
cannot adjust the output volume with the
VOLUME +/– buttons.
Other Playback Operations
“Headphones” is selected when you
purchase the PCM recorder.
P Notes
6 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
7 Press N PLAY/ENTER to start
playback and at the same time set the
connected equipment to the recording
mode.
A track from the PCM recorder will be
recorded on the equipment connected.
8 Press x STOP on the PCM recorder and
the connected equipment at the same
time to stop recording.
z Recommended audio connecting
cable (not supplied)
You can use Sony audio connecting cables
RK-G129 (not supplied).
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GB
Editing Tracks
Adding a Mark to a Track
Using a track mark
The
(track mark) icon flashes three
times, and a track mark is added.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/ENTER
T-MARK
z Using the remote commander
When the supplied remote commander is
connected, you can also press T-MARK button
on the remote commander to add a track mark.
P Notes
x STOP
Adding a track mark
You can add a track mark at a point at
which you would like to divide a track later
or locate during playback.
You can add a maximum of 98 track marks
to each track.
During recording, playback, or pausing,
press the T-MARK button at the position
you want to add a track mark.
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GB
• You can add a track mark only to a track
recorded using the PCM recorder. You
cannot add a track mark to an MP3/WMA/
AAC-LC (m4a)/LPCM (WAV) file copied
from a computer.
• You cannot add a track mark at a point
within 0.5 seconds from another track mark.
• You cannot add a track mark at the very
beginning or at the very end of the track.
• If there are already 98 track marks in a track,
you cannot add any more track marks.
• When a track mark is added during
playback, the playback stops.
Locating a track mark and
starting playback at the track
mark
In the stop mode, press > FF/ v or .
FR/ V. When the
(track mark) icon
flashes once, press N PLAY/ENTER
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Delete T-MARK(Track Mark),” and
then press N PLAY/ENTER.
The message “Delete T-MARK(Track
Mark)?” is displayed.
Dividing a track at all the track
mark positions
Select “Divide All T-MARK(Track
Marks)” from the Divide menu.
1 Stop at a
position after the track mark
you would like to delete.
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
Editing Tracks
Deleting a track mark
5 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
A deletion animation and the message
“Deleting...” appear. The selected track
mark will be deleted.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Delete,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The Delete menu is displayed.
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GB
Stop position
Adding a “TAKE” or “KEEP”
to a file name
Delete T-Mark
The track mark just before the stop
position will be deleted.
6 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
Deleting all the track marks in
the selected track at one time
Select a track from which you would like to
delete the track marks, and then select
“Delete All T-MARK(Track Marks)” in
step 4. All the track marks will be deleted at
one time.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
You can add a “TAKE” or “KEEP” to a file
name of a track, so that you can narrow
down your selections to only marked files.
This feature is useful when you want to
select one from many recordings, by adding
a “TAKE” to the ones most likely to be
selected, or adding a “KEEP” to the ones
that you would like to save just for possible
selection.
1 Display the track from which you would
like to add a “TAKE” or “KEEP” to the
file name.
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GB
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
A suffix (“TAKE” or “KEEP”) is added
to the file name of the track.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Add “TAKE”,” and then press N
PLAY/ENTER.
6 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
Editing Tracks
Removing “TAKE” or “KEEP” from
the file name of a track
Select “Remove “TAKE/KEEP”” in step 4.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Add “TAKE”,” or “Add “KEEP”,” and
then press N PLAY/ENTER.
A confirmation message is displayed.
5 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
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GB
Protecting a track
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Protect,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
A confirmation message is displayed.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
To prevent a track from being accidentally
deleted or edited, you can protect an
important track. A protected track is
marked with the
(protect) indicator and
is regarded as a read-only file you cannot
delete or edit.
1 Display the track which you would like
to protect.
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
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GB
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The track is protected and added with a
(protect) indicator.
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To release protection
Select the protected file, and then proceed
with the steps 1 through 5. The protection is
released.
Arranging Tracks
Copying a track to the other
memory
MENU
N PLAY/ENTER
• You cannot copy a track that the PCM
recorder does not recognize.
• Before starting to copy the target track, make
sure to check the battery remain indication.
If the batteries are weak, you may not be
able to copy tracks (page 13).
• If the remaining memory capacity of the
destination memory is insufficient, you may
not be able to copy tracks.
1
Editing Tracks
> FF/ v, .
FR/ V
P Notes
Select the track you want to copy.
When you want to copy a track from a
memory card to the built-in memory, set
the “Memory” in the menu to “Memory
Card” (page 38).
x STOP
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
Memory card slot
You can copy tracks between the built-in
memory and a memory card, which is
useful in saving a backup. Before starting
the operation, insert a memory card to be
used for copying into the memory card slot.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“File Copy,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The message “Copy to Memory Card
Select Folder” or “Copy to Built-In
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GB
Memory Select Folder” is displayed and
the folder selection window is displayed.
P Note
Do not remove or insert a memory card, or
turn off the PCM recorder while copying. Files
may be damaged.
Dividing a track into two
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the folder that you want to copy the track
into, and then press N PLAY/ENTER.
“Copying...” is displayed and the track is
copied to the end in the destination
folder.
A file will be copied with the identical
file name. The artist name and other
settings will also be retained.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
MENU
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
5 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To cancel the copy operation
Press x STOP before step 4.
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GB
You can divide a track during playback, so
that the track is divided into two parts, and
the respective tracks are suffixed with “_1”
and “_2.” You can also divide a track at
each and every track mark.
By dividing a track, you can easily find the
point from which you want to start
playback when you make a long recording.
You can divide a track until the total
number of tracks in the folder reaches 99.
Dividing a track at the current
position
A period for approximately 4 seconds
from the dividing point will be played
back repeatedly.
1 Stop the track at the position where you
want to divide a track.
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Divide,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The Divide menu is displayed.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Divide Current Position,” and then
press N PLAY/ENTER.
5 Adjust the position to be divided, if you
wish.
Press > FF/ v to move the position
backward, or . FR/ V to move it
forward.
Editing Tracks
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
You can adjust the position to be divided
by approximately 0.3 seconds in a period
approximately 6 seconds each, both
before and after the current position.
6 Press N PLAY/ENTER to execute the
position to be divided.
“Divide?” is displayed.
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GB
7 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
“Dividing...” appears, and the divided
tracks will be suffixed with a sequential
number (“_1” for the original track, and
“_2” for the new track).”
• You can divide a track recorded using the
PCM recorder only. An MP3/WMA/
AAC-LC (m4a)/LPCM (WAV) file copied
from a computer cannot be divided.
• Once a track is divided, you cannot return it
to the original status again.
• If you divide a track at the position within
0.5 seconds from a track mark, the track
mark will be deleted.
• Because of the system limitations, you
cannot divide a track at the very beginning or
end of the track.
Dividing a track at all the track
mark positions
track 1
track 2
f
track 1
track 3
track 2_1
track 2_2
track 3
A suffix made up of a sequential number is
added to each of the divided files.
8 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
P Notes
• You need a certain amount of free space in
the memory to divide a track. For details, see
“System Limitations” on page 112.
• When you divide a track with a title and
artist name, the new track has the same title,
and artist name.
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GB
1 Perform steps 1 to 3 of “Dividing a track
at the current position” on page 67 to
display the Divide menu.
v
A track is divided.
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Divide All T-MARK(Track Marks),”
and then press N PLAY/ENTER.
“Divide All T-MARK(Track Marks)?” is
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
“Dividing...” appears, and the track is
divided at all the track mark positions.
The tracks divided from a single track
will be suffixed with a sequential number
(_1 and so on).
z Tip
To cancel division during the operation at all
the remaining track marks, press x STOP.
The tracks that have been divided before the
cancellation remain divided.
Deleting all tracks in a folder
Editing Tracks
MENU
Track1
A track is divided.
Track1_1 Track1_2
N PLAY/
ENTER
Track1_3
A suffix made up of a sequential number is
added each of the divided files.
x STOP
4 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
To play a divided track
P Note
Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to display
the track number, as the divided tracks now
each have different track numbers.
If the selected folder contains a protected
track, you cannot delete the track.
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GB
1 Select the folder containing the tracks
5 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
you want to delete when the PCM
recorder is in the stop mode.
“Execute,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
“Deleting...” appears in the display
window and all tracks in the selected
folder will be deleted.
2 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Delete,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
The Delete menu is displayed.
6 Press x STOP to exit the menu mode.
To cancel deleting
Select “Cancel” in step 5, and then press
N PLAY/ENTER.
4 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
“Delete All,” and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
A confirmation message is displayed.
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GB
About the Menu Function
Making Settings for the Menu
> FF/ v,
. FR/ V
3 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
About the Menu Function
MENU
the setting that you want to set, and then
press N PLAY/ENTER.
N PLAY/
ENTER
x STOP
1 Press MENU to enter the menu mode.
The menu mode window will be
displayed.
4 Press x STOP or MENU to exit the
menu mode.
P Note
If you do not press any button for 1 minute, the
menu mode is automatically cancelled and the
window will return to the normal display.
To return to the previous window
2 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the menu item for which you want to
make setting, and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
Press MENU during the menu mode.
To exit the menu mode
Press x STOP.
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GB
Menu settings
Menu items
Settings
Stop
mode
Playback Recording
mode
mode
a
—
—
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Divide All T-MARK(Track Execute, Cancel
Marks)
a
—
—
Divide
Divide Current Position
a
—
—
Delete All
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Delete T-MARK(Track
Mark)
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Delete All T-MARK(Track Execute, Cancel
Marks)
a
—
—
Delete
72
Operation mode
(a : the setting can be made/
— : the setting cannot be made)
File Copy
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Add “TAKE”
Add “TAKE”, Add “KEEP”, Remove
“TAKE/KEEP”
a
—
—
Protect
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Memory
Built-In Memory, Memory Card
a
—
—
REC Mode
a
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit, LPCM 44.10kHz/
16bit, LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit, LPCM
48.00kHz/16bit, LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit,
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit, LPCM 96.00kHz/
24bit, MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps, MP3
44.10kHz/128kbps, MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
—
—
LCF(Low Cut Filter)
ON, OFF
a
—
a
DPC(Speed Control)
–75 % to +100%
a
a
—
GB
Menu items
Settings
Operation mode
(a : the setting can be made/
— : the setting cannot be made)
Stop
mode
Playback Recording
mode
mode
Bass1, Bass2, OFF
a
a
—
Key Control
21 to 26, #1 to #6
a
a
—
Easy Search
ON, OFF
a
a
—
Play Mode
1,
a
a
—
a
a
a
, ALL,
1,
,
ALL
Detail Menu
Format
Execute, Cancel
a
—
—
Clock
__y__m__d__:__
a
—
—
LED
ON, OFF
a
—
—
Backlight
10 SEC, 60 SEC, Always-ON, OFF
a
—
—
Language
Deutsch (German), English,
Español (Spanish), Français (French),
Italiano (Italian), Русский (Russian),
(Japanese),
(Korean),
(Chinese),
(Chinese),
(Thai)
a
—
—
Level Meter in Playback
ON, OFF
a
a
—
Battery Setting
Alkaline Battery, NiMH Battery
a
—
—
LIMITER
ON, OFF
a
—
a
PRE REC
ON, OFF
a
—
—
Audio Out
Headphones, LINE OUT
a
—
—
Plug In Power
ON, OFF
a
—
—
Cross-Memory Recording ON, OFF
a
—
—
About the Menu Function
Effect
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GB
Menu items
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Divide
Divide a track into two.
Divide Current
Position
A track will be divided into two at the current position.
Divide All TMARK(Track
Marks)
A track will be divided at all the track mark positions.
Delete
74
Delete tracks or track marks.
Delete All
All tracks in the selected folder will be deleted.
Press
to return to the folder window before deleting the
tracks and select a folder from which all tracks are to be deleted,
and then go to the menu window and select “Execute.”
Delete TMARK(Track
Mark)
The track mark just before the current position will be deleted.
Delete All TMARK(Track
Marks)
All the track marks of the selected track will be deleted.
See page
61, 66
30, 61,
62, 69
File Copy
Copy the selected track from the built-in memory to the desired
folder on a memory card, or from a memory card to the desired
folder in the built-in memory.
Before attempting to copy a track, select the track to be copied
and then go to the menu window.
65
Add “TAKE”
Add “TAKE” or “KEEP” to the file name of the selected track.
Add “TAKE”*:
Add “TAKE” to the file name of the selected track.
Add “KEEP”:
Add “KEEP” to the file name of the selected track.
Remove “TAKE/KEEP”:
Remove “TAKE” or “KEEP” from the file name of the
selected track.
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GB
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Protect
Protect the selected track to prevent the track from being deleted
or divided.
Execute:
Protect the selected track. If you specify a track which has
already been protected, cancel the protection.
Cancel*:
Protection or cancel protection is not executed.
See page
64
Memory
Select the memory in which you want to save a track, or which
contains the track you want to play, edit, or copy.
Built-In Memory*:
The built-in memory of the PCM recorder is selected.
Memory Card:
The memory card inserted in the memory card slot is selected.
36
About the Menu Function
Menu items
P Note
When no memory card is currently inserted in the PCM recorder,
the built-in memory is automatically selected.
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GB
Menu items
Settings (*: Initial setting)
REC Mode
Set the sampling frequency and quantifying bit number for
recording:
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit
LPCM 44.10kHz/16bit*
LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit
LPCM 48.00kHz/16bit
LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit
LPCM 96.00kHz/24bit
MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps
(for a long-time recording)
MP3 44.10kHz/128kbps
MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
See page
41
LPCM (not compressed) mode
You can record with higher sound
quality.
MP3 (compressed) mode
You can record with higher
sound quality.
z About the sampling frequency and quantifying
bit number
• Sampling frequency is a value that represents how many times
an analog signal is converted into a digital signal (A/D
conversion) per second. The larger the value of sampling
frequency, the better the sound quality, but also the larger the
amount of data.
• Quantifying bit number is a value that represents the amount of
data it takes for one second of audio. The larger the value of the
bit number, the larger amount of data it takes and the better the
sound quality.
LCF(Low Cut Filter)
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GB
Set the LCF(Low Cut Filter) function to cut a low frequency to
reduce the roaring noise from wind or noises such as those of air
conditioner fans; therefore you can record a track more clearly.
ON:
The LCF function is activated.
OFF*:
The LCF function is cancelled.
43
Settings (*: Initial setting)
DPC(Speed Control)
Set the DPC(Speed Control) function.
You can adjust the playback speed between +100% and –75% of
normal speed in the menu.You can set the speed by 5% for – from
–75% to 0%, 10% for + between 0% and 100%.
(–30%*)
See page
54
Effect
Set the effect you want for the playback in the menu.
Bass1:
The bass sound is emphasized.
Bass2:
The bass sound is emphasized even more.
OFF*:
The Effect function does not work.
56
About the Menu Function
Menu items
P Notes
• When playing back tracks using a built-in speaker, the Effect
function does not work.
• When “LINE OUT” is selected, the Effect function does not
work.
Key Control
Adjust the playback sounds in semitones higher or lower.
You can adjust from #1 to #6, and 21 to 26. (0*)
55
Easy Search
Set the easy search function.
ON:
You can go forward for about 10 seconds by pressing > FF/
v and go back for about 3 seconds by pressing . FR/ V.
This function is useful when attempting to locate desired point
in a long recording.
OFF*:
The easy search function does not work. When you press .
FR/ V or > FF/ v, a track will be moved forward or
backward.
51
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GB
Menu items
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Play Mode
Set the playback mode.
1:
A track is played back.
*:
Tracks in one folder are played back continuously.
ALL:
All the tracks are played back continuously.
1:
One track is played back repeatedly.
:
Tracks in one folder are played back repeatedly.
ALL:
All the tracks are played back repeatedly.
See page
51
Format the memory currently selected in “Memory” setting in the
menu, deleting all the data in the memory and resetting the folder
structure to its default status.
Execute:
“Formatting...” appears and the memory will be formatted.
Cancel*:
The memory will not be formatted.
–
Detail Menu
Format
P Notes
• Do not use your computer to format a memory card you use
with the PCM recorder. Format it with the formatting function
of the PCM recorder.
• Once the memory has been deleted, you cannot retrieve the data
that was deleted.
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GB
Menu items
Clock
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Set the clock by setting year, month, day, hour, and minute in
sequence.
(09y01m01d 0:00*)
See page
16
z Tip
The clock is displayed in 24-hour system.
0:00 = midnight, 12:00 = noon
LED
–
About the Menu Function
Turn the operation of ACCESS indicator, peak level indicators,
z REC button, N PLAY/ENTER button, and X PAUSE button
on or off during operation.
ON*:
During recording or playback, the indicators light or flash.
OFF:
The operation indicator does not light or flash, even during
operation.
P Note
When the PCM recorder is connected to a computer, the
operation indicators light or flash even if “LED” is set to “OFF.”
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GB
Menu items
Backlight
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Turn the backlight in the display window on or off.
10 SEC*:
The backlight in the display window lights up for approx. 10
seconds.
60 SEC: The backlight in the display window lights up for
approx. 60 seconds.
Always-ON:
The backlight in the display window lights up always.
OFF:
The backlight in the display window does not light, even
during operation.
See page
–
P Note
When you select “Always-ON,” the batteries will be consumed
quickly. When you use the PCM recorder with batteries, we
recommend you select other options than “Always-ON.”
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GB
Language
Set the language to be used for messages, menus, folder names,
file names, etc.: Deutsch (German), English*, Español (Spanish),
Français (French), Italiano (Italian), Русский (Russian),
(Japanese),
(Korean),
(Chinese),
(Chinese),
(Thai)
18
Level Meter in
Playback
Set whether the level meter is displayed on the display window
when a track is being played back.
ON: The level meter will be displayed.
OFF*: The artist name and title name of the track will be displayed.
49
Battery Setting
Set the battery type for the PCM recorder.
Alkaline Battery*:
Select this option to use alkaline batteries for the PCM
recorder.
NiMH Battery:
Select this option to use rechargeable batteries (not supplied)
for the PCM recorder.
12
Menu items
LIMITER
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Set the input level automatically to prevent the sound distortion
that may occur when a too loud sound is input in Manual
recording.
ON:
The LIMITER function is activated.
OFF*:
The LIMITER function is cancelled.
See page
44
P Note
About the Menu Function
This feature is effective only when REC LEVEL switch is set to
“MANUAL.”
z On the limiter circuit
• The limiter circuit functions to keep the signal level below the
maximum input level. When a loud sound is input suddenly, the
excess part of the sound is automatically set within the range of
the maximum input level in order to prevent distortion.
• The limiter circuit of the PCM recorder does not compensate
for clipping when audio over 12 dB is input. In this case, sound
may be distorted.
PRE REC
Set the pre-recording function on and off. The pre-recording
function allows you to record sound sources for approximately 5
seconds prior to the point when the recording is started. Sounds
for approximately 5 seconds are buffered in the memory.
ON:
The pre-recording function is activated.
OFF*:
The pre-recording function is cancelled.
34
81
GB
Menu items
Audio Out
Settings (*: Initial setting)
Set the output of the i/LINE OUT (headphone/line output) jack.
Headphones*: You can use the jack as a headphone jack. Select
this option to listen playback sound with the headphones (not
supplied) or an external speaker.
LINE OUT: You can use the jack as a line output jack. Select this
option to connect an external recorder such as a tape recorder
for recording playback sound of the PCM recorder.
See page
58
P Notes
• If “LINE OUT” is selected, do not connect headphones; the
playback sound from the headphones will be very loud.
• If “LINE OUT” is selected, you cannot adjust output volume
with the VOLUME +/– buttons and cannot use the Effect
function.
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Plug In Power Set the Plug In Power function on and off. When a microphone
compatible with the Plug In Power function is connected to the
m (microphone) jack of the PCM recorder, the PCM recorder
can supply power to the microphone.
ON*: The PCM recorder supplies power to the connected Plug In
Power type microphone.
OFF: The PCM recorder does not supply power to a connected
microphone.
–
Cross-Memory
Recording
39
Set the Cross-Memory Recording function on and off. When the
memory currently selected in the “Memory” setting in the menu
becomes full during recording, the PCM recorder automatically
switches its destination to the other memory media and continues
recording (Cross-Memory Recording). The new recording is
saved as another track.
ON: The Cross-Memory Recording function is activated.
OFF*: The Cross-Memory Recording function is disabled.
Recording stops when the memory currently being selected
becomes full.
Utilizing Your Computer
Using the PCM recorder with Your Computer
When the PCM recorder is connected to
your computer, it is recognized by the
computer, and you can transfer data
between them.
Copying tracks from the PCM
recorder to your computer to
save them (page 87)
z System requirements for your
computer
See “System requirements” on page 95.
z When you are using Windows®
2000 Professional
Install the driver using
“SonyRecorder_Driver.exe” in the PCM
recorder.
Utilizing Your Computer
You can copy the tracks recorded on the
PCM recorder to save them.
Copying music files from your
computer to the PCM recorder to
play them back (page 88)
You can copy WAV/MP3/WMA/AAC-LC
(m4a) files saved on your computer by a
simple drag and drop operation when you
connect the PCM recorder to your
computer. You can also play back the
copied files.
Using the PCM recorder as a
USB memory – data storage
function (page 90)
You can store image data or text data saved
on the computer temporarily in the PCM
recorder.
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GB
Connecting the PCM
recorder to your computer
connectors securely until each plug stops
to the end.
2 Make sure the PCM recorder has been
Computer
To USB port
recognized properly.
On the Windows screen; open “My
Computer” and make sure that “PCM
RECORDER” has been recognized.
On the Macintosh screen; make sure that
an “PCM RECORDER” drive is
displayed on the desktop.
While the PCM recorder is connected to the
computer, “Connecting” is displayed in the
display window of the PCM recorder.
P Notes
USB connecting
cable (supplied)
PCM recorder
To exchange tracks (files) between the
PCM recorder and your computer, connect
the PCM recorder to your computer.
1 Connect the
USB connector of the
PCM recorder with the USB port of your
running computer with the supplied
USB connecting cable inserted into the
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GB
• If you connect more than two USB devices
to your computer, normal operation will not
be guaranteed.
• Use of this PCM recorder with a USB hub or
a USB extension cable other than the
supplied cable is not guaranteed.
• A malfunction may occur depending on the
USB devices connected at the same time.
• Before connecting the PCM recorder to the
computer, make sure that the batteries are
inserted in the PCM recorder.
• It is recommended that you disconnect the
PCM recorder from the computer when you
are not using the PCM recorder connected to
the computer.
Structure of folders and
files
microSD card
Built-In Memory and M2™
“PCM RECORDER” or “MEMORY CARD”*4
“MEMORY CARD”*4
Folder for tracks
recorded using the
PCM recorder
Folder for tracks
recorded using the
PCM recorder
*1
Folder copied
from your
computer
Lesson
*1
Utilizing Your Computer
Lesson
Folder copied from
your computer
MUSIC
MUSIC
POP
POP
J-POP *1
J-POP
*2
*1
*2
*3
*3
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If you connect the PCM recorder to your
computer, you can see the structure of
folders and files of the built-in memory,
memory card (M2™ or microSD card) on
the computer screen.
The folders and files are displayed on the
computer screen as shown on the previous
page.
The folder indicators in the display window
of the PCM recorder are as follows:
:
Folder for tracks recorded using the
PCM recorder (They have been
already made when you purchase
the PCM recorder.)
:
Folder copied from a computer
(They are displayed when music
files have been copied from a
computer.)
P Note
You can record tracks in up to 10 folders
(FOLDER01-10), each for the built-in
memory and memory card, using the PCM
recorder.
*1 The name of a folder in which music files
are stored will be displayed on the PCM
recorder as it is, so it is convenient if you
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GB
put an easy-to-remember name on the
folder in advance.
Folders shown in the illustration are
examples of folder names.
*2 The PCM recorder can recognize up to 8
levels of folders copied to the PCM
recorder.
*3 If you copy music files separately, they are
classified as being in “No Folder.”
*4 The volume label of the built-in memory is
“PCM RECORDER.” That of M2™ and
microSD cards is “MEMORY CARD.”
z Tips
• You can rename a folder name, title, artist
name, and file name with your computer.
• The title or artist name, etc., registered in the
music files can be displayed on the PCM
recorder. It is useful if you input the ID3 tag
information using the software you use to
make the music files on your computer.
P Notes
• You cannot copy more than 511 folders or
files to the directory that is located
immediately below “MEMORY CARD” on
your computer. This is due to FAT file
system limitations.
• If no title, or artist name has been registered
in the ID3 tag information, “Unknown” will
be displayed.
Copying Tracks from the PCM recorder to
Your Computer
z To copy a track or folder
(Drag and drop)
1 Connect the PCM recorder to your
computer (page 84).
2 Copy tracks or folders you want to copy
Utilizing Your Computer
You can save tracks or folders by copying
them from the PCM recorder to your
computer.
When you wish to create a CD, you can use
“Sound Forge Audio Studio LE,” the
supplied software application, to create a
CD. For the details, see the “Sound Forge
Audio Studio LE Guide.”
1 Click and hold,
2 drag,
3 and then drop.
3 Disconnect the PCM recorder from your
computer (page 91).
P Note
If you remove a USB connecting cable while
the PCM recorder is transferring data to your
computer, data may be damaged. For how to
disconnect the PCM recorder, see page 91.
to your computer.
Drag and drop the tracks or folders you
want to copy from “PCM RECORDER”
or “MEMORY CARD” to the local disc
on your computer.
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Copying Files from Your Computer to the
PCM recorder and Playing Them Back
2 Copy the folder in which the music files
You can copy music or the other audio files
(LPCM/MP3/WMA/AAC-LC*) from your
computer to the PCM recorder by dragging
and dropping them, and you can play them
back using the PCM recorder.
are stored to the PCM recorder.
On the Windows screen using Explorer,
and on the Macintosh screen using
Finder, drag and drop the folder
containing the music files onto “PCM
RECORDER” or “MEMORY CARD.”
The PCM recorder can recognize up to
500 folders. You can copy up to 99 files
to one folder and up to 5,000 files in
total.
3 Disconnect the PCM recorder from your
computer.
You can make an LPCM/MP3/WMA/
AAC-LC file using either a player software
application, etc., installed on your
computer.
* For the file formats that can be played back
using the PCM recorder, see
“Specifications” (page 95).
1 Connect the PCM recorder to your
computer (page 84).
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GB
4 Press
.
5 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the folder ( ) in which music files are
stored, and then press N PLAY/
ENTER.
6 Press > FF/ v or . FR/ V to select
the music file you want to play.
7 Press N PLAY/ENTER to start
playback.
8 Press x STOP to stop playback.
The maximum playback time (tracks*),
when playing music files using the PCM
recorder, is as follows.
128 kbps
256 kbps
178hr.
55 min.
(2,683 tracks)
67 hr.
33 hr.
30 min.
(502 tracks)
(1,005 tracks)
* In the case where tracks of 4 minutes each
are copied to the PCM recorder.
P Notes
• A music file copied from your computer can
be played back with the PCM recorder.
Dividing a track and setting a track mark,
however, may not be performed.
• If you have copied music files using your
computer, those files may not be copied in
order of copying because of the system
limitations. If you copy a music file one by
one to the PCM recorder, you can display
and play back tracks in order of copying.
• When removing the PCM recorder, see
“Disconnecting the PCM Recorder from
Your Computer” on page 91.
z Tip
You can use your computer to change a folder
name, track name, artist name, and file name
of a track.
Utilizing Your Computer
48 kbps
• The fs/bit (sampling frequency and
quantifying bit number) information will not
be displayed for a WAV file copied from
your computer.
• The bit rate information will not be
displayed for a MP3/WMA/AAC-LC (m4a)
file copied from your computer.
z To enjoy music files more
• Selecting the playback mode
You can select the playback mode, such as
playback of one music file, continuous
playback of music files in one folder,
continuous playback of all music files,
repeat playback of one music file, repeat
playback of music files in one folder and
repeat playback of all music files, in the
“Play Mode” menu (page 51).
• Adjusting the playback speed (DPC(Speed
Control))
You can adjust a playback speed between
+100% and –75% of normal speed
(page 54).
• Selecting a sound effect and tone (Key
Control, Effect)
You can reinforce bass sound by selecting a
sound effect from “Bass1” or “Bass2” for
playback in the “Effect” menu (page 56).
You can also adjust the playback tones in the
“Key Control” menu (page 55).
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GB
Using the PCM Recorder as a USB Memory –
Data Storage Function
When the PCM recorder is connected to
your computer using a USB connecting
cable, image data or text data on the
computer, as well as tracks or files recorded
using the PCM recorder can be temporarily
stored in the PCM recorder.
Your computer must meet the operating
system requirements and port environment
to use the PCM recorder as a USB memory.
For details on the system requirements, see
page 95.
P Note
When you format the memory with the PCM
recorder, all the data temporarily stored in the
PCM recorder will be deleted. You cannot
restore the data.
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Disconnecting the PCM Recorder from Your
Computer
Follow the procedures below; otherwise,
data may be damaged.
3 Disconnect the PCM recorder from the
USB port of the computer.
1 Make sure that the PCM recorder is in
the stop mode.
Utilizing Your Computer
2 Perform the following operation on your
computer.
On the Windows screen, left-click the
icon at the bottom of the desktop of the
computer.
t Left-click “Safely remove USB
Mass Storage Device.”
The icon can be different on different
operating systems.
On the Macintosh screen, drag the “PCM
recorder” on the desktop to “Trash” and
drop it there.
For details on disconnecting the PCM
recorder from your computer, refer to the
operating instructions supplied with your
computer.
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Additional Information
Precautions
On noise
On handling
• Noise may be heard when the unit is placed
near an AC power source, a fluorescent lamp
or a mobile phone during recording or
playback.
• Operation and touch noises may be recorded
when you press the button on the PCM
recorder, touch the case, or hold the PCM
recorder during recording. By using the
supplied remote commander, you can
perform recording operations without
touching the PCM recorder.
• Roaring noise from wind, or other noises
from electric fans, air conditioners, air
cleaners, or PC fans will also be recorded.
You can reduce the low frequencies noise by
setting the LCF(Low Cut Filter) function
(page 43). You can also reduce the roaring
noise from wind by using the wind screen
(supplied for PCM-M10P only).
• Do not subject the PCM recorder to strong
shock or vibration. Doing so may cause a
malfunction of the PCM recorder.
• Do not place the recorder in the following
locations:
– Anywhere extremely hot. Never expose it
to temperatures above 60ºC.
– Under direct sunlight or close to heaters
– In a sun-heated car with the windows
closed (especially in summer)
– In a humid place, such as in a bathroom
– Anywhere dusty
• Be careful not to allow water to splash on the
unit. The unit is not water-proof. In
particular, be careful in the following
situations.
– When you have the unit in your pocket and
go to the bathroom, etc.
– When you bend down, the unit may drop
into the water and may get wet.
– When you use the unit in an environments
where the unit is exposed to rain, snow, or
humidity.
– In circumstances where you get sweaty.
If you touch the unit with wet hands or if
you put the unit in the pocket of sweaty
clothes, the unit may get wet.
On safety
Do not operate the unit while driving, cycling
or operating any motorized vehicle.
On the built-in microphones
The built-in microphones are highperformance electret condenser microphones.
Do not expose them to strong wind or water.
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• You may feel pain in your ears if you use the
headphones when the ambient air is very
dry. This is not because of a malfunction of
the headphones, but because of static
electricity accumulated in your body. You
can reduce static electricity by wearing nonsynthetic clothes that prevent the emergence
of static electricity.
• Should any solid object or liquid fall into the
unit, remove the batteries and have the unit
checked by qualified personnel before
operating it any further.
On maintenance
If you have any questions or problems
concerning your unit, please consult your
nearest Sony dealer.
Backup recommendations
To avoid potential risk of data loss caused
by accidental operation or malfunction of
the PCM recorder, we recommend that you
save a backup copy of your recorded tracks
on a tape recorder or to a computer, etc.
• When formatting (initializing) a memory
card, make sure to use the PCM recorder to
format it. Memory cards formatted with
Windows or other devices may be
recognized as incompatible media and
cannot be used with the PCM recorder.
• If you format a memory card containing
recorded data, the recorded data will be
deleted. Be careful not to delete important
data.
• Do not leave a memory card within the reach
of small children. They might accidentally
swallow it.
• Do not remove or insert a memory card
while recording or playing back files.
• Do not remove a memory card while
“Accessing...” appears on the display
window or the ACCESS indicator is flashing
in orange. Otherwise, data may be damaged.
• We do not guarantee the operations of all
types of compatible memory cards with the
PCM recorder.
• M2™ card other than those manufactured by
Sony have not been demonstrated as
operable with the PCM recorder, and may
have problems when used with the PCM
recorder. For compatible M2™, please refer
to the Sony web site (page 95).
• “MagicGate™” is copyright protection
technology that uses encryption technology.
The PCM recorder does not support data
recording/playback that requires
MagicGate™ functions.
Additional Information
To clean the exterior, use a soft cloth slightly
moistened in water. Do not use alcohol,
benzine or thinner.
On using a memory card
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• The PCM recorder does not support parallel
data transfer.
• A ROM (read-only-memory) type or writeprotected memory card is for playback only.
You cannot record or edit data on the card.
• SonicStage will create a group on a Memory
Stick™ media. The group function,
however, cannot be used except with a
compatible device.
• Data may be corrupted in the following
cases:
– When a memory card is removed or the
PCM recorder is turned off during a read
or write operation.
– When a memory card is used in locations
subject to static electricity or electrical
noise.
• We assume no responsibility for any loss or
damage of recorded data.
• We recommend that you save a backup copy
of the important data.
• Do not touch the terminal of a memory card
with your hand or a metal object.
• Do not strike, bend or drop a memory card.
• Do not disassemble or modify a memory
card.
• Do not expose a memory card to water.
• Do not use a memory card under the
following conditions:
– Locations beyond the required operating
conditions, including locations such as the
hot interior of a car parked in the sun and/
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or in the summer, the outdoors exposed to
direct sunlight, or a place near a heater.
– Humid locations or locations with
corrosive substances present.
• When using a memory card, make sure to
check the correct insertion direction into the
memory card slot.
Specifications
System requirements
Operating systems:
– Port: USB port
– Sound board: Sound cards compatible
with any of the supported Microsoft®
Windows® operating systems
P Notes
• Operation is not guaranteed if any operating
system other than those indicated on the left
(Windows® 98 or Linux, etc.) is used.
• 64 bit versions of Windows® XP are not
supported.
• For the latest version information and
compatibility with your operating system,
please access the support home page for the
PCM recorder:
http://www.sony-asia.com/support
• The following systems are not supported:
– Operating systems other than the ones
indicated on the left
– Personally constructed computers or
operating systems
– Upgraded operating systems
– Multi-boot environment
– Multi-monitor environment
Additional Information
– Windows Vista® Ultimate Service Pack
1 or higher
– Windows Vista® Business Service Pack 1
or higher
– Windows Vista® Home Premium Service
Pack 1 or higher
– Windows Vista® Home Basic Service
Pack 1 or higher
– Windows® XP Media Center Edition
2005 Service Pack 3 or higher
– Windows® XP Media Center Edition
2004 Service Pack 3 or higher
– Windows® XP Media Center Edition
Service Pack 3 or higher
– Windows® XP Professional Service Pack
3 or higher
– Windows® XP Home Edition Service
Pack 3 or higher
– Windows® 2000 Professional Service
Pack 4 or higher
Hardware environment:
– Mac OS X (v10.2.8-v10.5)
– Pre-Installed
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When you are using Windows®
2000 Professional
Bit rate and sampling frequencies for
MP3 files*1
Install the driver using
“SonyRecorder_Driver.exe” in the PCM
recorder.
Bit rate: 32 kbps – 320 kbps, VBR
Sampling frequencies:
16 kHz/22.05 kHz/24 kHz/32 kHz/
44.1 kHz/48 kHz
File extension: .mp3
*1 Not all encoders are supported.
PCM recorder section
Capacity (User available capacity)
Built-In Memory:
4 GB (approx. 3.60 GB =
3,865,470,566 Byte)
A part of the memory capacity is used as a
management area.
Frequency range (in recording/
playback, LINE IN input)
• LPCM
96.00 kHz: 20 Hz – 40,000 Hz
(0 dB, –2 dB)
48.00 kHz: 20 Hz – 22,000 Hz
(0 dB, –2 dB)
44.10 kHz: 20 Hz – 20,000 Hz
(0 dB, –2 dB)
22.05 kHz: 20 Hz – 10,000 Hz
(0 dB, –3.5 dB)
• MP3
320 kbps: 50 Hz – 15,000 Hz (0 dB, –3 dB)
128 kbps: 50 Hz – 15,000 Hz (0 dB, –3 dB)
64 kbps: 50 Hz – 13,000 Hz (0 dB, –3 dB)
Recording modes
See page 41.
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Bit rate and sampling frequencies*2 for
WMA files
Bit rate: 32 kbps - 192 kbps , VBR
Sampling frequencies: 44.1 kHz
File extension: .wma
*2 WMA Ver. 9 is compatible, however, MBR
(Multi Bit Rate), Lossless, Professional,
and Voice are not supported.
Copyright-protected file cannot be played
back.
Not all encoders are supported
Bit rate and sampling frequencies *3 for
AAC-LC (m4a) files
Bit rate: 16 kbps - 320 kbps, VBR
Sampling frequencies:
11.025 kHz/12 kHz/16 kHz/22.05 kHz/
24 kHz/32 kHz/44.1 kHz/48 kHz
File extension: .m4a
*3 Copyright-protected file cannot be played
back.
Not all AAC encoders are supported.
Signal-to-noise ratio (S/N)
Playback speed control (DPC)
(Input from the LINE IN jack and output from
LINE OUT jack when recording/playing back
LPCM)
87 dB (1 kHz IHF-A) (for 24 bit)
+100% to –75% (LPCM/MP3/WMA/AACLC)
Maximum power output
250 mW
General
Speaker
Approx. 16 mm dia.
Input/Output
DC 3.0 V: When using a commerciallyavailable applicable AC power adaptor
DC 3.0 V: LR6 (size AA) alkaline batteries
(supplied) (2)
DC 2.4 V: NH-AA nickel metal hydride
rechargeable batteries (not supplied) (2)
Operating temperature
Additional Information
• Microphone jack (minijack, stereo), input for
plug in power
– Input impedance: 3.9 kΩ
– Minimum input level: 0.9 mV
– Rated input level: 2.5 mV
• LINE IN jack (minijack, stereo)
– Input impedance: 22 kΩ
– Minimum input level: 500 mV
– Rated input level: 2 V
• Headphone/LINE OUT jack (minijack,
stereo)
Headphone mode
– Load impedance: 16 Ω
– Output level: 20 mW + 20 mW
LINE OUT mode
– Load impedance: 22 kΩ
– Rated output level: 1 Vrms
• USB connector (mini-B jack, High-speed
USB, Mass Storage Class)
• REMOTE jack
• DC IN 3V jack
• Memory Stick Micro™ (M2™)/microSD
memory card slot
Power requirements
5°C - 35°C
Dimensions (w/h/d) (not incl. projecting
parts and controls) (JEITA)*4
62.0 mm × 114.0 mm × 21.8 mm
Mass (JEITA)*4
Approx. 187 g including 2 LR6 (size AA)
alkaline batteries
*4
Measured value by the standard of JEITA
(Japan Electronics and Information
Technology Industries Association)
Supplied accessories
See page 9.
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Optional accessories
Stereo headphones MDR-7502,
MDR-7509HD, MDR-EX300SL,
MDR-EX500SL, MDR-V300
Electret condenser microphone ECM-MS957
Audio connecting cable RK-G129
Rechargeable battery NH-AA-B2K
Battery charger BCG-34HS2K
Carrying case speaker CKS-M10
Wind screen AD-PCM2
Tripod VCT-PCM1
Your dealer may not handle some of the above
listed optional accessories. Please ask the
dealer for detailed information.
Design and specifications are subject to
change without notice.
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Maximum recording time*5*6
The maximum recording time of all the folders is as follows (rounded figures by 5 minutes).
Recording modes
Built-in
memory
4GB
Memory card
1 GB
2 GB
4 GB
8 GB
16 GB
1 hr.
50 min.
25 min.
55 min.
1 hr.
55 min.
3 hr.
50 min.
7 hr.
45 min.
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit
2 hr.
45 min.
40 min.
1 hr.
25 min.
2 hr.
50 min.
5 hr.
45 min.
11 hr.
35 min.
LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit
3 hr.
40 min.
50 min.
1 hr.
55 min.
3 hr.
50 min.
7 hr.
40 min.
15 hr.
30 min.
LPCM 48.00kHz/16bit
5 hr.
30 min.
1 hr.
20 min.
2 hr.
50 min.
5 hr.
45 min.
11 hr.
35 min.
23 hr.
15 min.
LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit
4 hr.
55 min.
2 hr.
5 min.
4 hr.
10 min.
8 hr.
25 min.
16 hr.
50 min.
LPCM 44.10kHz/16bit
6 hr.
1 hr.
25 min.
3 hr.
5 min.
6 hr.
15 min.
12 hr.
35 min.
25 hr.
20 min.
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit
12 hr.
5 min.
2 hr.
55 min.
6 hr.
15 min.
12 hr.
35 min.
25 hr.
20 min.
50 hr.
40 min.
MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
26 hr.
45 min.
6 hr.
35 min.
13 hr.
50 min.
27 hr.
50 min.
55 hr.
50 min.
111 hr.
55 min.
MP3 44.10kHz/128kbps
67 hr.
5 min.
16 hr.
30 min.
34 hr.
45 min.
69 hr.
40 min.
139 hr.
45 min.
279 hr.
45 min.
MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps
134 hr.
10 min.
33 hr.
69 hr.
35 min.
139 hr.
30 min.
279 hr.
30 min.
559 hr.
35 min.
Additional Information
LPCM 96.00kHz/24bit
(hr. : hours/min. : minutes)
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*5
When you are going to record continuously for a long time, you may have to replace the batteries
with new ones in the midst of recording. For details on the battery life, see the next table.
*6 The maximum recording time varies if you record tracks in mixed recording mode.
Battery life*1
When using Sony LR6 (SG) (size AA) alkaline batteries
Recording with
monitoring
Playback*2
through speaker
Recording modes
Recording
without
monitoring
Playback using
the headphones
LPCM 96.00kHz/24bit
28 hr.
19 hr.
19 hr.
22 hr.
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit
28 hr.
19 hr.
19 hr.
24 hr.
LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit
39 hr.
23 hr.
23 hr.
27 hr.
LPCM 48.00kHz/16bit
39 hr.
24 hr.
24 hr.
27 hr.
LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit
41 hr.
24 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
LPCM 44.10kHz/16bit
46 hr.
24 hr.
24 hr.
30 hr.
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit
45 hr.
24 hr.
24 hr.
30 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
40 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/128kbps
40 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps
43 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
(hr. : hours/min. : minutes)
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When using Sony NH-AA rechargeable batteries
Playback*2
through speaker
Recording
without
monitoring
LPCM 96.00kHz/24bit
28 hr.
19 hr.
19 hr.
21 hr.
LPCM 96.00kHz/16bit
28 hr.
19 hr.
19 hr.
23 hr.
LPCM 48.00kHz/24bit
38 hr.
22 hr.
22 hr.
26 hr.
LPCM 48.00kHz/16bit
39 hr.
23 hr.
23 hr.
26 hr.
LPCM 44.10kHz/24bit
38 hr.
23 hr.
23 hr.
27 hr.
LPCM 44.10kHz/16bit
44 hr.
23 hr.
23 hr.
29 hr.
LPCM 22.05kHz/16bit
41 hr.
23 hr.
23 hr.
29 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/320kbps
32 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/128kbps
37 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
MP3 44.10kHz/64kbps
38 hr.
26 hr.
24 hr.
28 hr.
Recording with
monitoring
Playback using
the headphones
(hr. : hours/min. : minutes)
Additional Information
Recording modes
*1
The battery life is measured in testing using methods proprietary to Sony. The battery life may
shorten depending on how you operate the PCM recorder.
*2 When playing back music through the internal speaker with the volume level set to 16.
101
GB
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Before taking the PCM recorder for repair, check the following sections. Should any problem
persist after you have made these checks, consult your nearest Sony dealer.
Please note that recorded tracks may be deleted during service or repair work.
Symptom
Remedy
The PCM recorder cannot be • Slide the POWER/HOLD switch in the direction of “POWER” for
turned off.
more than 2 seconds when the PCM recorder is stopped (page 15).
The PCM recorder cannot be • The power to the PCM recorder is off. Slide the POWER/HOLD
turned on.
switch in the direction of “POWER” for more than 1 second
(page 15).
• The batteries have been inserted with incorrect polarity (page 12).
102
Display does not disappear.
Display appears blurred.
• Remove the protective film on the display window before you use
the PCM recorder.
The PCM recorder does not
operate.
• The batteries are weak (page 13).
• The power to the PCM recorder is off. Slide the POWER/HOLD
switch in the direction of “POWER” for more than 1 second
(page 15).
• The HOLD function is activated. Slide the POWER/HOLD switch
in the center direction (page 20).
No sound comes from the
speaker.
• The volume is turned down completely (page 27).
• Headphones are plugged in (page 50).
Sound comes from the
speaker even when the
headphones are plugged in.
• If you plug in the headphones not securely during playback, the
sound may come from the speaker. Unplug the headphones and
then insert them securely.
GB
Symptom
Remedy
The ACCESS indicator, peak • “LED” is set to “OFF”. Display the menu and set “LED” to “ON”
level indicators, z REC
(page 79).
button, N PLAY/ENTER
button, or X PAUSE button
indicators do not light.
“Memory Full” is displayed • The memory is full. Delete some of the tracks or delete all the
tracks after you store them on your computer (page 30, 69).
and you cannot start
recording.
folder. Therefore
“Track Full” is displayed and • 99 tracks have been recorded in the selected
you cannot operate the PCM you cannot record another track, or copy a track. Delete some of
the tracks or delete all the tracks after you store them on your
recorder.
computer (page 30, 69).
Noise is heard.
Troubleshooting
• A button on the PCM recorder is pressed, the case is touched, or
the PCM recorder is held, so that noise was recorded.
• The PCM recorder was placed near an AC power source, a
fluorescent lamp or a mobile phone during recording or playback.
• Roaring noise from wind, or other noises from electric fans, air
conditioners, air cleaners, or PC fans have been recorded. You can
reduce the noise by setting the LCF(Low Cut Filter) function
(page 43).
• Plug of the connected microphone was dirty when recording.
Clean the plug.
• The headphone plug is dirty. Clean the plug.
The input sound is distorted. • The level is too high in automatic recording.
When a guide is displayed, set the MIC SENS(ATT) switch to
“LOW,” or place the PCM recorder away from the sound source.
If the problem persists, switch to manual recording, and adjust the
recording level manually using the REC LEVEL dial.
• The sound source has parts that are too loud. Set “LIMITER” in
the menu to “ON” (page 44).
103
GB
Symptom
Remedy
A howling noise is heard
during recording.
• If you turn up the volume excessively or place the headphones
near the microphone while monitoring recording, the microphone
may pick up the sound from the headphones, causing acoustic
feedback (howling sound). Turn down the volume, or place the
headphones far from the microphone.
You cannot divide a track.
• You need a certain amount of free space in the memory to divide a
track.
• If 99 tracks have been recorded in the selected
folder, you
cannot divide a track in that folder. Delete some of the tracks or
delete all the tracks after you store them on your computer
(page 30, 69).
• Because of the system limitations, you may not be able to divide a
track at the very beginning or end of the track.
• You can divide or move a track recorded using the PCM recorder
only. An MP3/WMA/AAC-LC (m4a) /LPCM (WAV) file copied
from a computer cannot be divided or moved.
When recording from other • Connect the headphone jack of other equipment to the
equipment, the input level is
m (microphone) jack of the PCM recorder and adjust the volume
too strong or not strong
level with the equipment connected to the PCM recorder.
enough.
Playback speed is too fast or • The playback speed is adjusted in DPC. Slide the DPC (SPEED
too slow.
CTRL) switch to “OFF” or adjust the playback speed in the
DPC(Speed Control) menu (pages 54).
“--:--” is displayed.
• You have not set the clock (page 16).
“--y--m--d” or “ --:--” is
displayed on the recording
date display.
• The date of recording will not be displayed if you recorded the
track when the clock was not set.
There are fewer menu items • The menu items displayed are different depending on the
displayed in the menu mode. operation modes (stop mode, playback mode, and recording
mode) (pages 72).
104
GB
Symptom
Remedy
The battery life is short.
• The battery life on page 100 is based on playback with the volume
level set to 16. The battery life may shorten depending on the
operation of the PCM recorder.
• Even if you do not use the PCM recorder, the batteries are
There is no battery power
remaining after you have left consumed slightly. The battery life in this case varies depending
the batteries inserted for long on humidity or other environmental conditions. Usually, the
batteries last about 4 months. If you do not intend to use the PCM
time without using the PCM
recorder for an extended period of time, it is recommended that
recorder.
you turn the power off diligently or remove the batteries
(page 15).
• You are using the rechargeable batteries in an environment with a
temperature of under 5 °C. Charge the batteries in an environment
with a temperature of 5 °C - 35 °C.
• The PCM recorder has not been used for a certain time. Charge
and discharge the rechargeable batteries using the PCM recorder
several times.
• Replace the old ones with new rechargeable batteries.
The memory card is not
recognized.
• Since the memory card may contain image data or other files, the
memory required for creating initial folders is insufficient. Use
Windows Explorer or other tools to delete unwanted files or
initialize the memory card on the PCM recorder (page 30).
• Select “Memory Card” for the “Memory” item of the menu
(page 36).
• Remove a memory card and check the side of the memory card.
Then insert it with correct side and direction (page 37).
A character in a folder or
track name is displayed in
unreadable characters.
• The PCM recorder cannot support or display some special
characters and symbols that are entered on a computer using
Windows Explorer or the Macintosh desktop.
Troubleshooting
The battery life of the
rechargeable batteries are
short.
105
GB
Symptom
Remedy
The “Accessing...” display
does not disappear.
• If the PCM recorder is required to process a large amount of data,
the message may be displayed for an extended period of time.
This is not a malfunction of the PCM recorder. Wait until the
message disappears. In this case, do not remove the batteries or an
AC power adaptor, while the message is displayed.
It takes a long time to copy a • If the file size of a track is large, it takes a considerable time to
track.
finish copying. Please wait until the copying is finished.
The PCM recorder does not
operate with the USB AC
adaptor.
• You cannot use the USB AC adaptor for the PCM recorder.
The copied tracks are not
displayed.
• The PCM recorder can recognize up to 8 levels of folders copied
to the PCM recorder.
• If tracks are incompatible, other than an LPCM (WAV)/MP3/
WMA/AAC-LC (m4a) file that the PCM recorder support, they
may not be displayed. See “Specifications” on page 95.
It takes a long time for the
PCM recorder to start.
• If the PCM recorder is required to process a large amount of data,
it may take longer for the PCM recorder to start. This is not a
malfunction of the PCM recorder. Wait until the start-up display
disappears.
Menu does not reflect the
change in settings.
• Batteries might have been removed just after the menu settings. In
this case, the change in settings may not be reflected.
Some character information • When the “Level Meter in Playback” in the menu is set to “ON,”
does not appear.
you can scroll the title name only. When “OFF” is selected, you
can scroll the file name. In both cases, artist name cannot be
displayed by scrolling (page 49).
The PCM recorder does not
operate correctly.
106
GB
• Take out the batteries and insert them again (page 12).
Symptom
Remedy
The PCM recorder does not
operate.
• You may have formatted the memory of the PCM recorder using a
computer. Use the PCM recorder formatting function to format
the memory (page 78).
• Disconnect the PCM recorder from your computer and reconnect
The PCM recorder is not
it.
recognized by your
computer.
• Do not use a USB hub or USB extension cable other than the
A folder/file cannot be
supplied USB connecting cable. Connect the PCM recorder to
copied from your computer.
your computer using the supplied USB connecting cable.
• Operation is not guaranteed if you use any system requirements
other than those described on page 95.
• Depending on the USB port position of the computer you are
using, the PCM recorder may not be recognized. If there are
multiple USB ports, try another port.
• The file format may differ from those that can be played back
using the PCM recorder (.wav/.mp3/.wma/.m4a) (page 96). Check
the file name.
The computer cannot start.
• If you reboot the computer with the PCM recorder connected to
the computer, the computer may freeze or may not start properly.
Disconnect the PCM recorder from the computer and reboot the
computer again.
Troubleshooting
The file copied from your
computer cannot be played
back.
107
GB
Error Messages
Error message
Cause/Remedy
Low Battery Level
• You cannot format the memory or delete all the files in a folder
because of insufficient battery power. Prepare new batteries to
replace the current ones.
Change Battery
• Batteries are exhausted. Replace the old LR6 (size AA) alkaline
batteries with new ones. Or charge the rechargeable batteries, or
replace the old rechargeable batteries with new ones (page 13).
Power Problem
• An incompatible AC power adaptor may be connected. Check the
specifications of the AC power adaptor you are using. Use a
commercially-available AC power adaptor applicable to the PCM
recorder (page 14).
Memory Full
• The remaining memory capacity of the PCM recorder is
insufficient. Delete some tracks before recording (page 30).
• If you copy a large number of files or folders to the directory that
is located immediately below “MEMORY CARD” on the
computer, editing operations with the PCM recorder may become
disabled. Save a backup copy of unwanted files or folders on your
computer and delete them from the PCM recorder.
Track Full
• When there are already 99 tracks in the selected folder, you cannot
record a new track. Delete some tracks before recording a new
track (page 30).
T-MARK(Track Marks) are • You can set up to 98 track marks for a track. Cancel unwanted
Full
marks (page 60).
Cannot Divide - Exceeding • When there are already 99 tracks in the selected folder or the total
Maximum Number of Tracks number of files stored in the PCM recorder exceeds the maximum,
you cannot divide a track. Delete some tracks before recording a
in Folder
new track.
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GB
Cause/Remedy
• You cannot play or edit tracks, because the data of the selected file
is damaged.
Format Error
• The PCM recorder has been formatted using a computer. You
cannot perform operations, including recording or playing,
because there is no copy of the control file required for operation.
Format the PCM recorder using the formatting function in the
menu.
Process Error
• The PCM recorder failed in memory access. Remove and then reinsert the batteries.
• Save a backup copy of your data and format the PCM recorder
using the menu.
Memory Card Error
• An error occurred while a memory card was being inserted into
the memory card slot. Remove and try inserting it again. If this
message persists, use a new memory card.
Set Clock
• Set the clock.
Empty Folder
• The selected folder does not have any tracks.
Same File Name Exists
• A track of the same file name already exists in the destination
folder when a file is named or copied to the other memory media.
No Entry
• There are no tracks with “TAKE” or “KEEP” attached to their
file names.
No T-MARK(Track Mark)
• There are no track marks when you attempt to delete or locate a
track mark.
No Memory Card
• There is no memory card inserted into the memory card slot when
you attempt to set the “Memory” or “Cross-Memory Recording”
menus.
File Protected
• The selected track is protected or is a “Read only” file. You
cannot delete it. You can release the “Read only” attribute using
the PCM recorder.
Troubleshooting
Error message
File Damaged
109
GB
Error message
Cause/Remedy
Memory Card Locked
• The memory card is write-protected. You cannot record, delete, or
edit tracks. To save a track on the card, use a non-write-protected
memory card.
Read Only Memory Card
• A read-only memory card is inserted. You cannot record, delete,
or edit tracks.
Memory Card Access
Denied
• Since a memory card containing an access control function is
inserted, you cannot use it.
Memory Card Not Supported • A memory card that the PCM recorder does not support is
inserted. Use a compatible memory card.
110
Unknown Memory Card
• A memory card inserted is incompatible.
Stop and Reinsert Memory
Card
• A memory card was inserted during recording or playback.
Remove the memory card and insert it while the PCM recorder is
in the stop mode.
Unknown Data
• The data does not have a file format which the PCM recorder
supports.
The file formats (file extensions) that the PCM recorder supports
are LPCM (.wav) files, MP3 (.mp3) files, WMA (.wma) files, and
AAC-LC (.m4a) files. For details, see the “Specifications”
(page 96).
• The copyright-protected files cannot be played back.
Invalid Operation
• You cannot copy a track or divide a track, because there is more
than one folder that has files with same name. Change the file
names.
• You cannot divide or set a track mark to a track not recorded using
the PCM recorder.
• The “Divide All T-MARK(Track Marks)” cannot be executed
because there is a track mark within 0.5 seconds from the dividing
position.
• The file name has reached the maximum number of characters;
you cannot divide or add “TAKE/KEEP.” Shorten the file name.
GB
Error message
Cause/Remedy
New Track
• The file size of the track being recorded has reached the maximum
file size: 1 GB for MP3 files, and 2 GB for a LPCM file. The file
will be divided automatically and recording will continue as a new
track.
Only Effective During
• When the REC LEVEL switch is set to “AUTO” (automatic
MANUAL Recording Mode recording), you cannot enable “LIMITER” in the menu.
• When the REC LEVEL switch is set to “AUTO” (automatic
recording), the message is displayed when the PCM recorder
detects the microphone level is too high to continue automatic
recording. If the MIC SENS(ATT) switch is set to “HI,” set it to
“LOW.” Or, place the PCM recorder far from the sound source. If
the message persists, switch the REC LEVEL switch to
“MANUAL” (manual recording).
Continue Recording in
Different Memory
• When the “Cross-Memory Recording” in the menu is enabled and
the memory currently being used becomes full during recording,
the PCM recorder switches to the other memory and continues
recording.
Change Folder
• If there are no tracks in the
folder, no folders are displayed in
the display window. Only a folder with a track will be displayed.
• When there is a track mark set within 0.5 seconds from the
Deleted T-MARK(Track
Marks) Too Close to Divided dividing position, the track mark is automatically deleted.
Position
Invalid when LINE OUT
Setting
• When “Audio Out” is set to “LINE OUT,” the sound volume
adjustment with the VOLUME +/– buttons is disabled. Set the
“Audio Out” to “Headphones.”
System Error
• A system error other than the above has occurred. Remove the
batteries and re-insert them.
Troubleshooting
Level Too High
Set MIC SENS to LOW
Or Adjust MIC Position
111
GB
System Limitations
There are some system limitations of the PCM recorder. Troubles as mentioned below are not
malfunctions of the PCM recorder.
Symptom
Cause/Remedy
You cannot record tracks up • If you record tracks in a mixture of the recording modes, the
recordable time varies from the maximum recording time of the
to the maximum recording
highest recording mode to those of the lowest recording mode.
time.
• The sum of the number on the counter (elapsed recording time)
and the remaining recording time may be less than the PCM
recorder’s maximum recording time.
You cannot display or play
back music files in order of
copying.
• If you have copied music files using your computer, those files
may not be copied in order of copying because of the system
limitations. If you copy a music file one by one to the PCM
recorder, you can display and play back tracks in order of
copying.
A track/music file is divided • The track/music file being recorded has reached the maximum
automatically.
size limit (1 GB for an MP3/WMA/AAC-LC file, 2 GB for an
LPCM file), therefore it is divided automatically.
You cannot enter lower-case • Depending on the combination of the characters used for the
characters.
folder name that was made on your computer, those characters
may change to all capitals.
“s” is displayed in place of • A character which cannot be displayed on the PCM recorder has
been used. Using your computer, replace it with one which can be
a folder name, title, artist
displayed on the PCM recorder.
name, or file name.
When you set A-B Repeat
playback, the set positions
move a little.
112
GB
• Depending on the files, the set positions may move.
Display Window
Display when stop or recording
Display when playback (without
level meter display)
A Operation mode indicator
Displays the following, depending on
the current operation mode
: stop
: playback
: recording
: recording standby/recording
pause (The indicator flashes.)
: playback pause (The indicator
flashes.)
: review/fast backward,
cue/fast forward
: going backward/forward
continuously
B Time indication
Each time you press DISPLAY button,
the time indication changes in the
following order: elapsed time (hours,
minutes, seconds), remaining time
(hours, minutes, seconds), recording
Troubleshooting
In manual recording
Level meter display when playback
113
GB
C
D
E
F
G
H
114
GB
date (year, month, day), and recording
time (hour, minute)
Level meter display in Auto (AGC)
recording mode
In manual recording, the level meter
whose colors are reverse is displayed.
Auto (AGC) recording indication
In the manual recording mode, a peak
level value is displayed.
Memory Card indication
When a “Memory Card” is selected as
“Memory,” the indication is displayed.
When the “Built-In Memory” is
selected, no indication is displayed.
Battery indicator
The track mark number at the current
position/the number of all the track
marks
Appears when a track mark is set for a
track.
Selected track number/Total number of
tracks in the folder
I Folder indication
Displays the information of the current
folder:
: A folder where you can record a
track (folder number)
: A folder whose folder number
cannot be obtained.
:A folder for playback only
J Recording mode indicator
Displays the recording mode set using
the menu when the PCM recorder is in
the stop mode, and displays the current
recording mode when the PCM
recorder is in the playback or recording
mode.
22/16, 44/16, 44/24, 48/16, 48/
24, 96/16, 96/24: LPCM file recorded
with the PCM recorder
64k, 128k, 320k: MP3 file
recorded with the PCM recorder
When the files are copied from your
computer, file formats only are
displayed.
:WMA files copied
: AAC-LC (m4a) files copied
Displays as follows when the PCM
recorder cannot get the recording mode.
: Unknown
P Protect indicator
: Appears when the protect is set
for a track.
Q Repeat playback
: Appears when one track is
played back repeatedly.
: Appears when tracks in one
folder are played back repeatedly.
: Appears when all the tracks
are played back repeatedly.
R Key Control indicator
Displays the Key Control is set for a
track:
: Tone is adjusted higher than the
natural step (from #1 to #6 in each
halftone step)
: Tone is adjusted lower than the
natural step (from 21 to 26 in each
halftone step)
S Effect indicator
Displays when Effect is set for a track.
: Bass1
: Bass2
T Level meter to display L/R channels
output levels
U Peak position marker
V Peak level
Troubleshooting
K File information
The file name of the track is displayed.
L Limiter indicator
: Appears when the LIMITER is
set for a track.
M LCF(Low Cut Filter) indicator
: Appears when the LCF(Low
Cut Filter) is set for a track.
N Remaining recording time indication
Displays the remaining recording time
of the memory currently being used in
hours, minutes, and seconds.
If there is more than 10 hours time
remaining, the time is displayed in
hours.
If there is more than 10 minutes and
less than 10 hours time remaining, the
time is displayed in hours and minutes.
If there is less than 10 minutes time
remaining, the time is displayed in
minutes and seconds.
O Track information indication
Track information is displayed:
Track title name
Artist name
(Depending on the menu setting, the
level meter is displayed.)
115
GB
Index
A
A-B Repeat .............................................53
AC power adaptor ...................................14
Adding a track mark ...............................60
Adding TAKE or KEEP to a file name ..62
Adjusting the playback sound tones .......55
Adjusting the volume ..................25, 27, 50
Auto (automatic) recording .....................22
B
Battery life ............................................ 100
Battery remain indication .......................13
Built-in microphones ..............................23
C
Compatible memory cards ......................37
Connecting the PCM recorder to your
computer .................................................84
Copying files ...........................................88
Copying tracks to your computer ...........87
Cross-Memory Recording ......................39
D
Data Storage ............................................90
DC IN 3V ................................................14
116
GB
Deleting .............................................30, 69
Dividing a track .......................................66
DPC (the Digital Pitch Control
function) ..................................................54
E
Easy Search .............................................51
Editing tracks ..........................................60
Effect .......................................................56
Error messages ......................................108
F
File information display ..........................49
Folder ..........................................22, 26, 29
Folder structure .......................................85
H
HOLD ......................................................20
I
Index to parts and controls
Display window ................................113
Front ....................................................10
Inserting and removing a memory card ..36
Inserting batteries ....................................12
K
KEEP ......................................................62
Key Control ............................................55
L
LCF(Low Cut Filter) ...............................43
Level meter display .................................49
LIMITER ................................................44
Locking the buttons ................................20
LPCM .....................................................41
M
Index
Maintenance ............................................93
Manual recording ....................................33
Memory card .....................................37, 93
Memory setting .......................................38
Menu
Add “TAKE” ................................72, 74
Audio Out .....................................73, 82
Backlight .......................................73, 80
Battery Setting ..............................73, 80
Clock .............................................73, 79
Cross-Memory Recording ............73, 82
Delete ............................................72, 74
Detail Menu ..................................73, 78
Divide ...........................................72, 74
DPC(Speed Control) .....................72, 77
Easy Search ...................................73, 77
Effect .............................................73, 77
File Copy ......................................72, 74
Format ...........................................73, 78
Key Control ..................................73, 77
Language .......................................73, 80
LCF(Low Cut Filter) .....................72, 76
LED ...............................................73, 79
Level Meter in Playback ...............73, 80
LIMITER ......................................73, 81
Making settings ...................................71
Memory .........................................72, 75
Menu settings ......................................72
Play Mode .....................................73, 78
Plug In Power ...............................73, 82
PRE REC ......................................73, 81
Protect ...........................................72, 75
REC Mode ....................................72, 76
Microphone sensitivity ............................42
Monitoring the recording ........................25
MP3 .........................................................41
N
Noise .......................................................92
117
GB
P
Playback ............................................26, 49
Playback modes ................................51, 78
Plug In Power .........................................46
POWER ..................................................15
POWER/HOLD switch .....................15, 20
Precautions ..............................................92
Pre-Recording .........................................34
Protect .....................................................64
R
Recharging batteries ....................... 12, 101
Recording ..........................................22, 33
Recording from other equipment ............47
Recording mode ................................41, 76
Recording time ........................................99
Recording with an external microphone ...46
Recording with other equipment ............58
Reinforcing the bass sound .....................56
Remote commander ................................32
Repeat .....................................................52
S
Selecting the sound effect ...........56, 73, 77
Setting the clock .....................................16
Setting the language ................................18
Specifications ..........................................95
118
GB
Structure of folders ..................................85
Supplied accessories .................................9
System Limitations ...............................112
T
TAKE ......................................................62
Track mark ..............................................60
Troubleshooting ....................................102
Turning on the power ..............................15
U
USB Memory ..........................................90
Using the remote commander .................32
Using your computer ...............................83
Trademarks
• “Memory Stick™,”
, “Memory Stick™” and
“Memory Stick Micro™” (M2™) are trademarks
or registered trademarks of Sony Corporation.
• “MagicGate™” is a trademark of Sony
Corporation.
• microSD and microSDHC logos are trademarks of
SD-3C, LLC.
• Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and Windows
Media are registered trademarks or trademarks of
the Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/
or other countries.
• Apple, Macintosh and Mac OS are trademarks of
Apple Inc., registered in the USA and other
countries.
• MPEG Layer-3 audio coding technology and
patents licensed from Fraunhofer IIS and Thomson.
• Sound Forge is a trademark or registered trademark
of Sony Creative Software, Inc. in the United
States and other countries.
All other trademarks and registered trademarks are
trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective holders. Furthermore, “ ™ ” and “®” are
not mentioned in each case in this manual.
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GB