Ryobi Drill Press Operator`s manual

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
12 in. (305 mm) DRILL PRESS
MODEL DP120
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
ON
THANK YOU FOR BUYING A RYOBI BENCHTOP DRILL PRESS.
Your new Drill Press has been engineered and manufactured to Ryobi's high standards for dependability, ease of operation,
and operator safety. Properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
CAUTION: Carefully read through this entire operator's manual before using your new machine.
Pay close attention to the Rules for Safe Operation, Warnings, and Cautions. If you use your machine properly and only for
what it is intended, you will enjoy years of safe, reliable service.
Please fill out and return the Warranty Registration Card so we can be of future service to you.
Thank you again for buying Ryobi tools.
SAVE THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
■ Product Specifications ......................................................................................................................................................2
■ Rules for Safe Operation .............................................................................................................................................. 3-5
■ Electrical ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6
■ Glossary of Terms and Unpacking .................................................................................................................................. 7
■ Loose Parts .......................................................................................................................................................................8
■ Features ............................................................................................................................................................................ 9
■ Assembly ................................................................................................................................................................... 10-11
■ Adjustments .............................................................................................................................................................. 11-12
■ Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 13-14
■ Maintenance .................................................................................................................................................................. 15
■ Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................. 16
■ Parts Ordering/Service .................................................................................................................................................. 18
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Chuck
1/2 in. (13 mm)
Spindle Travel
No Load Speed
280 - 3000 RPM
Input
Swing
12 in. (305 mm)
Net Weight
3-1/4 in. (82 mm)
120V AC, 60Hz, 5 amps
84 lbs (38 kg)
Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It
means attention!!! Your safety is involved.
SAFETY AND INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
This operator’s manual describes safety and international symbols and pictographs that may appear on this product.
Read the operator’s manual for complete safety, assembly, operating and maintenance, and repair information.
MEANING
Do not expose to rain or use in damp locations
WARNING:
The operation of any power tool can result in foreign objects being thrown into your eyes, which can
result in severe eye damage. Before beginning tool operation, always wear safety goggles or safety
glasses with side shields and a full face shield when needed. We recommend Wide Vision Safety
Mask for use over eyeglasses or standard safety glasses with side shields. Always wear eye
protection which is marked to comply with ANSI Z87.1.
2
RULES FOR SAFE OPERATION
■ PROTECT YOUR HEARING. Wear hearing protection
during extended periods of operation.
Safe operation of this power tool requires that you read and
understand this operator's manual and all labels affixed to
the tool. Safety is a combination of common sense, staying
alert, and knowing how your tool works.
■ SECURE WORK. Use clamps or a vise to hold the work
when practical. It’s safer than using your hand and frees
both hands to operate the tool.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS
■ KNOW YOUR POWER TOOL. Safe operation of this
power tool requires that you read and understand this
operator’s manual and all labels affixed to the tool. Learn
its applications and limitations as well as the potential
hazards.
■ DO NOT OVERREACH. Keep proper footing and balance
at all times.
■ MAINTAIN TOOLS WITH CARE. Keep tools sharp and
clean for better and safer performance. Follow instructions
for lubricating and changing accessories.
■ GUARD AGAINST ELECTRICAL SHOCK by preventing
body contact with grounded surfaces such as pipes,
radiators, ranges, refrigerator enclosures.
■ DISCONNECT ALL TOOLS. When not in use, before
servicing, or when changing attachments, all tools should
be disconnected.
■ KEEP GUARDS IN PLACE and in good working order.
■ AVOID ACCIDENTAL STARTING. Be sure switch is off
when plugging in any tool.
■ REMOVE ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES. Get in
the habit - before turning on tool - that hex keys and
adjusting wrenches are removed from tool.
■ USE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES. Consult this
operator’s manual for recommended accessories. The
use of improper accessories may cause risk of injury.
■ KEEP THE WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered work areas
and work benches invite accidents. DO NOT leave tools
or pieces of wood on the machine while it is in operation.
■ NEVER STAND ON TOOL. Serious injury could occur if
the tool is tipped or if the bit is unintentionally contacted.
■ DO NOT USE IN DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENTS. Do
not use power tools near gasoline or other flammable
liquids, in damp or wet locations, or expose them to rain.
Keep the work area well lighted.
■ CHECK DAMAGED PARTS. Before using the tool, a
guard or other part that is damaged should be carefully
checked to determine that it will operate properly and
perform its intended function. Check for alignment of
moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts,
mounting and any other conditions that may affect
operation. A guard or other part that is damaged must be
properly repaired or replaced by an authorized service
center to avoid risk of personal injury.
■ KEEP CHILDREN AND VISITORS AWAY. All visitors
should wear safety glasses and be kept a safe distance
from work area. Do not let visitors contact tool or extension
cord while operating.
■ MAKE WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF with padlocks and
master switches or by removing starter keys.
■ DO NOT FORCE THE TOOL it will do the job better and
safer at the rate for which it was designed.
■ NEVER LEAVE TOOL RUNNING UNATTENDED, TURN
THE POWER OFF. Do not leave tool until it comes to a
complete stop.
■ USE THE RIGHT TOOL FOR THE JOB. Do not force the
tool or attachment to do a job for which it was not designed
for. Use it only the way it was intended.
■ DO NOT ABUSE CORD. Never yank the cord to
disconnect it from the receptacle. Keep the cord from heat,
oil, and sharp edges.
■ USE THE PROPER EXTENSION CORD. Make sure your
extension cord is in good condition. Use only a cord heavy
enough to carry the current your product will draw. An
undersized cord will cause a drop in line voltage resulting
in loss of power and overheating. A wire gage size
(A.W.G.) of at least 16 is recommended for an extension
cord 25 feet or less in length. If in doubt, use the next
heavier gage. The smaller the gage number, the heavier
the cord.
■ KEEP BITS CLEAN AND SHARP. Sharp bits minimize
stalling. Dirty and dull bits may cause misalignment of
the material and possible operator injury.
■ KEEP HANDS AWAY FROM WORK AREA. Keep hands
away from the bit. Restrain any loose clothing, jewelry, long
hair, etc. that may become entangled in the bit.
■ KEEP TOOL DRY, CLEAN, AND FREE FROM OIL AND
GREASE. Always use a clean cloth when cleaning. Never
use brake fluids, gasoline, petroleum-based products, or
any solvents to clean tool.
■ DRESS PROPERLY. Do not wear loose clothing, gloves,
neckties, rings, bracelets, or other jewelry that could get
caught and draw you into moving parts. Non-slip footwear
is recommended. Wear protective covering over long hair.
■ STAY ALERT AND EXERCISE CONTROL. Watch what
you are doing and use common sense. Do not operate
tool when you are tired. Do not rush.
■ ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES WITH SIDE
SHIELDS. Everyday eyeglasses have only impact
resistant lenses; they are not safety glasses.
■ DO NOT USE TOOL IF SWITCH DOES NOT TURN IT ON
AND OFF. Have defective switches replaced by an authorized
service center.
■ PROTECT YOUR LUNGS. Wear a face or dust mask if
the operation is dusty.
3
RULES FOR SAFE OPERATION
WARNING:
■ ALWAYS TURN SWITCH OFF before disconnecting it to
avoid accidental starting.
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding,
drilling, and other construction activities contains
chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Some examples of these
chemicals are:
• lead from lead-based paints,
• crystalline silica from bricks and cement and other
masonry products, and
• arsenic and chromium from chemically-treated
lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on
how often you do this type of work. To reduce your
exposure to these chemicals: work in a well ventilated
area, and work with approved safety equipment, such
as those dust masks that are specially designed to filter
out microscopic particles.
■ ALL REPAIRS, WHETHER ELECTRICAL OR
MECHANICAL, should be made at a Ryobi Authorized
Service Center. Use only Ryobi identical replacement parts.
■ SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. Refer to them frequently
and use to instruct other users. If you loan someone this
tool, loan them these instructions also.
SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES FOR DRILL PRESSES
■ Always wear eye protection.
■ Never place your fingers in a position where they could
contact the drill or other cutting tool if the workpiece should
unexpectedly shift.
■ Always disconnect the tool from the power source when
setting up, adjusting, or changing accessories.
■ Never use your hand to hold the object while drilling.
Always clamp the object tight on the work table or use a
drill vise to prevent accidental injury.
■ Do not wear gloves necktie, or loose clothing.
■ Always clamp workpiece and brace against column to
prevent rotation.
■ Be sure drill bit or cutting tool is securely locked in the
chuck.
■ Never perform any operation by moving the head or table
with respect to one another. Do not turn the motor switch
ON or start any operation before checking that the head
and table lock handles are clamped tight to column and
head and table support collars are correctly positioned.
■ Be sure chuck key is removed from the chuck before
connecting to power source or turning power ON.
■ Before engaging the power switch ON, make sure the
belt guard is down and the chuck is installed properly.
■ Adjust the table or depth stop to avoid drilling into the
table. Shut off the power, remove the drill bit, and clean
the table before leaving machine.
■ Lock the motor switch OFF when leaving the drill press.
Do not perform layout, assembly, or set-up work on the
table while the cutting tool is rotating, switched on or
connected to a power source.
■ Use recommended speed for drill accessory and
workpiece material.
■ Do not connect tool to power source or operate until it is
completely assembled and installed according to the
instructions. If any part of your drill press malfunctions or
has been damaged or broken, do not operate until the
part is properly repaired or replaced.
■ Firmly clamp or bolt your drill press to a work bench or
table.
■ Mount your drill press to either a workbench or mounting
board; failure to comply could result in possible serious
injury.
4
RULES FOR SAFE OPERATION
The purpose of safety symbols is to attract your attention to possible dangers. The safety symbols, and the
explanations with them, deserve your careful attention and understanding. The safety warnings do not by themselves
eliminate any danger. The instructions or warnings they give are not substitutes for proper accident prevention
measures.
SYMBOL
MEANING
SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL:
Indicates danger, warning, or caution. May be used in conjunction with other symbols or pictographs.
DANGER: Failure to obey a safety warning will result in serious injury to yourself or to others. Always
follow the safety precautions to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and personal injury.
WARNING: Failure to obey a safety warning can result in serious injury to yourself or to others. Always
follow the safety precautions to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and personal injury.
CAUTION: Failure to obey a safety warning may result in property damage or personal injury to
yourself or to others. Always follow the safety precautions to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and
personal injury.
NOTE:
Advises you of information or instructions vital to the operation or maintenance of the equipment.
IMPORTANT
WARNING:
Servicing requires extreme care and knowledge and should
be performed only by a qualified service technician. For
service we suggest you return the tool to your nearest RYOBI
AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER for repair. When servicing, use only identical Ryobi replacement parts.
Do not attempt to operate this tool until you have read
thoroughly and understand completely all instructions,
safety rules, etc., contained in this manual. Failure to
comply can result in accidents involving fire, electric
shock, or serious personal injury. Save operator's manual
and review frequently for continuing safe operation, and
instructing others who may use this tool.
WARNING:
Observe all normal safety precautions related to avoiding
electrical shock.
5
ELECTRICAL
EXTENSION CORDS
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
Use only 3-wire extension cords that have 3-prong grounding plugs and 3-pole receptacles that accept the tool's plug.
When using a power tool at a considerable distance from the
power source, use an extension cord heavy enough to carry
the current that the tool will draw. An undersized extension
cord will cause a drop in line voltage, resulting in a loss of
power and causing the motor to overheat. Use the chart
provided below to determine the minimum wire size required
in an extension cord. Only round jacketed cords listed by
Underwriter's Laboratories (UL) should be used.
Length of Extension Cord
Wire Size (A.W.G.)
Up to 50 feet
16
When working with the tool outdoors, use an extension cord
that is designed for outside use. This is indicated by the
letters WA on the cord's jacket.
Before using an extension cord, inspect it for loose or
exposed wires and cut or worn insulation. Repair or replace
a damaged or worn cord immediately.
Your Ryobi Drill Press is powered by a precision built electric
motor. It should be connected to a power supply that is 120
volts, 60Hz. If the machine does not operate when plugged
into an outlet, double check the power supply.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
In the event of a malfunction or breakdown, grounding
provides a path of least resistance for electric current to
reduce the risk of electric shock. This tool is equipped with an
electric cord having an equipment-grounding conductor and
a grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into a matching
outlet that is properly installed and grounded in accordance
with all local codes and ordinances.
Do not modify the plug provided. If it will not fit the outlet, have
the proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Improper
connection of the equipment-grounding conductor can result
in a risk of electric shock. The conductor with insulation
having an outer surface that is green with or without yellow
stripes is the equipment-grounding conductor. If repair or
replacement of the electric cord or plug is necessary, do not
connect the equipment-grounding conductor to a live
terminal.
Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel if the
grounding instructions are not completely understood, or if in
doubt as to whether the tool is properly grounded.
Repair or replace a damaged or worn cord immediately.
This tool is intended for use on a circuit that has an outlet like
the one shown in Figure 1. It also has a grounding pin like the
one shown.
CAUTION:
Keep the cord away from the cutting area and position
the cord so that it will not be caught on material, tools,
or other objects during cutting.
GROUNDING
PIN
COVER OF GROUNDED
OUTLET BOX
Fig. 1
6
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Base
Large rectangular plate that secures the drill press to a
benchtop or other sturdy, level surface.
Feed Handles
Three handles attached to the quill which allow the operator
to lower the chuck and bit during a drilling operation.
Chip
The material extracted from the hole in a drilling operation.
Motor Pulley
A grooved, conical pulley driven by the motor and responsible
for driving the spindle pulley by means of a belt.
Chuck
The clamping device at the end of the spindle that secures
the drill bit.
Pilot Hole
A small hole drilled in a workpiece that serves as a guide for
drilling large holes accurately.
Chuck Key
A fitted key used to tighten and loosen the chuck.
Quill
Also known as the Feed Shaft. Responsible for lowering the
chuck and bit into the workpiece and regulating the depth of
the hole in a drilling operation.
Column
Large perpendicular rod that supports the work table and
drill press head assembly.
Spindle
The rotating shaft upon which the chuck is attached.
Depth Stop
Adjustment control which allows the operator to control the
depth of the hole in a drilling operation.
Spindle Pulley
A grooved, conical pulley responsible for rotating the spindle.
The spindle pulley is driven by the motor pulley by means of
a belt.
Drill Bit
Fluted cutting tool used in a drilling operation.
Drill Press Head
The assembly at the top of the column which houses the
motor, quill, and spindle.
Workpiece
The object into which a hole is to be drilled.
Worktable
Flat, level surface supported on the column and able to be
positioned at various angles vertically on the column in order
to accommodate different size workpieces.
Feed
The speed and force with which the drill bit is lowered into
the workpiece.
UNPACKING
■ Carefully remove all parts from the shipping carton.
WARNING:
■ Do not discard the packing material until you have carefully
inspected the drill press, identified all parts, and
satisfactorily operated your new tool.
Do not allow familiarity with your drill press to make you
careless. Remember that a careless fraction of a second
is sufficient to inflict severe injury.
■ If all parts have been included, proceed to assembly.
■ If you are missing a part, contact your dealer to obtain it
before attempting to assemble the tool.
WARNING:
■ Examine all parts to make sure no breakage has occurred
during shipping. Any damaged or missing part should be
replaced before attempting to use the tool.
Note: If any parts are damaged or missing, do not attempt
to plug in the power cord and turn the switch on until the
damaged or missing parts are obtained and are installed
correctly.
Do not attempt to assemble the drill press, plug in the
power cord, or turn on switch if any parts are damaged or
missing. Failure to heed this warning could result in serious
personal injury.
7
LOOSE PARTS
Check all loose parts with the list below. Assemble according to the instructions on the following pages.
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Head Assembly
Column Assembly
Column Support
Table
Belts (2)
Table Lock Handle (2)
Base
Idler Pulley
Feed Handles (3)
Spindle
Chuck Tool
Chuck Key
Chuck
Housing Knob and Screw
Hex Bolts, M10 x 25 (4)
Hex Wrench
Table Adjustment Handle
Operator’s Manual (not shown)
HEAD
ASSEMBLY
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
BELTS
HOUSING KNOB
AND SCREW
IDLER PULLEY
ON
REM
OVE
TO LO
FEED HANDLES
SPINDLE
CHUCK
TOOL
BASE
CHUCK
TABLE LOCK
HANDLE
TABLE
COLUMN
ASSEMBLY
CHUCK
KEY
TABLE
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
HEX BOLTS
HEX WRENCH
COLUMN
SUPPORT
Fig. 2
8
FEATURES
KNOW YOUR DRILL PRESS
FEED HANDLES
See Figure 3.
Before attempting to use your drill press, familiarize yourself with all the operating and safety requirements.
Feed handles raise and lower the chuck and bit during the
drilling operation.
BELT TENSION LEVER
Equipped with an industrial duty, induction motor for long
lasting, smooth performance.
MOTOR
The belt tension lever is used to release or tighten belt
tension.
SPINDLE SPEED
BELT TENSION SCREWS
Twelve spindle speeds allows for drilling of a variety of
materials from wood to plastic to metal.
Belt tension screws on each side of the pulley housing lock
the belt tension lever in place.
SWITCH AND SWITCH KEY
BEVEL SCALE
Your drill press has an easy access power switch. To lock in
the OFF position, remove the switch key. Place the key in a
location inaccessible to children and others not qualified to
use the tool.
The bevel scale indicates the degree the worktable is tilted
up to 45°.
CHUCK KEY STORAGE
TABLE ADJUSTMENT HANDLE
For easy access, the chuck key should be placed in the builtin chuck key storage.
The table adjustment handle is used to raise and lower the
worktable.
DEPTH GAUGE
WORKTABLE
A depth gauge is located between the pulley housing and
feed handles to aid drilling at desired depths.
For added versatility, the worktable can be rotated or tilted.
The slotted worktable and base allows easy application of
clamping devices.
DEPTH STOP
The adjustable depth stop is used for accurate depth
measurement and repetitive drilling.
MOTOR
1/ 2”
Drill Pr
SWITCH
AND
SWITCH KEY
ess
BELT TENSION
SCREWS
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
ON
BELT TENSION
LEVER
FEED HANDLES
CHUCK KEY
STORAGE
DEPTH
GAUGE
DEPTH
STOP
WORKTABLE
TABLE
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
0
0
40 30 20 10
10 20 30 40
BEVEL SCALE
Fig. 3
9
ASSEMBLY
TABLE
WARNING:
0
0
40 30 20 10
Do not connect to power supply until assembly is complete.
Failure to comply could result in accidental starting and
possible serious injury.
10 20 30 40
ATTACHING THE COLUMN ASSEMBLY
See Figure 4.
■ Place base on a flat surface. Align screw holes in the column
support with screw holes in the base.
■ Place a hex bolt in each hole and tighten using an adjustable
wrench.
■ Loosen the set screw in the column support.
■ Set the column assembly in the base and secure in place
by tightening the set screw clockwise.
TABLE
SUPPORT
TABLE LOCK
HANDLE
TABLE LOCK
HANDLE
Fig. 5
SET
SCREWS
1/ 2”
Drill Pr
ess
D-SHAFT
1 2 Drill Pres
s
SET
SCREW
SET
SCREW
ON
TABLE
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
HEX BOLT
HUB
FEED
HANDLE
Fig. 6
Fig. 4
IDLER PULLEY
TABLE AND TABLE ADJUSTMENT HANDLE
ASSEMBLY
See Figures 4 and 5.
■ Slide the table adjustment handle onto the D-shaft aligning
the flat side of the shaft with the set screw. Secure the
table adjustment handle by tightening the set screw. See
Figure 4.
■ Insert a table lock handle through the unthreaded hole
into the threaded hole at the rear of the table support.
Tighten by turning the table lock handle clockwise.
■ Insert a table lock handle through the unthreaded hole
into the threaded hole in the front of the table support.
■ Place the table in the table support. Tighten by turning
the table lock handle clockwise. See Figure 5.
BELT TENSION LEVER
INSTALLING THE HEAD ASSEMBLY, FEED
HANDLES, AND HOUSING KNOB
HOUSING KNOB
BELT
TENSION
SCREWS
Fig. 7
ON
See Figures 6 and 7.
■ Place the head assembly on the column and slide it as
far down the column as it will go. Tighten the two set
screws with the hex key provided.
■ Attach the three feed handles by screwing them into the
threaded holes in the hub. Tighten using a wrench on the
flats on the feed handles. See Figure 6.
■ Unscrew the pan head screw from the housing knob.
Open the head assembly and fit the housing knob over
the hole on the outside and the screw in the hole from
the inside. Tighten into place.
SPINDLE
SHAFT
FEED
HANDLE
SPINDLE
CHUCK
Fig. 8
10
ASSEMBLY
INSTALLING THE IDLER PULLEY
See Figures 7 and 8.
■ Place idler pulley in the center hole in the head assembly.
Fit one belt over the spindle pulley and the idler pulley
and the other belt over the motor pulley and the idler pulley.
Tighten the belt tension lever and the two belt tension
screws. See Figure 7.
■ Fit the spindle into the spindle shaft turning it to the right
until it slips into place. See Figure 8.
■ To install the chuck raise the table using the table
adjustment handle. Place the chuck on the table and lower
the spindle shaft. Once the spindle shaft is lowered and
aligned with the chuck, swiftly turn the feed handles
counterclockwise to attach the chuck to the spindle.
MOUNTING
BOLTS
MOUNTING DRILL PRESS TO WORKBENCH
See Figure 9.
If your drill press is to be used in a permanent location, secure
it to a workbench or other stable surface. When mounting
the drill press to a workbench, holes should be drilled through
the supporting surface of the workbench.
■ Mark holes on workbench where drill press is to be
mounted using holes in drill press base as a template for
hole pattern.
■ Drill holes through workbench.
■ Place drill press on workbench aligning holes in the base
with holes drilled in the workbench.
■ Insert bolts (not included) and tighten securely with lock
washers and hex nuts (not included).
Note: All bolts should be inserted from the top. Install the
lock washers and hex nuts from the underside of the
workbench.
LOCK
WASHERS
HEX NUTS
Fig. 9
Once the drill press is securely mounted on a stable surface,
check for the following:
■ Check for vibration when the motor is switched ON. Adjust
and retighten the mounting hardware as necessary.
■ Check the table assembly to assure smooth movement
up and down the column.
■ Check to assure that the spindle shaft moves smoothly.
CLAMPING DRILL PRESS TO WORKBENCH
See Figure 10.
If your drill press is to be used as a portable tool, fasten it
permanently to a mounting board that can easily be clamped
to a workbench or other stable surface. The mounting board
should be of sufficient size to avoid tipping while drill press is
in use. Any good grade plywood or chipboard with a 3/4 in.
(19 mm) thickness is recommended.
■ Mark holes on board where drill press is to be mounted
using holes in drill press base as a template for hole
pattern.
■ Follow last three steps in section Mounting Drill Press to
Workbench.
If lag bolts are used, make sure they are long enough to go
through holes in drill press base and material the drill press
is being mounted to. If machine bolts are used, make sure
bolts are long enough to go through holes in drill press, the
material being mounted to, and the lock washers and hex
nuts.
C-CLAMPS
Fig. 10
11
ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING:
Before performing any adjustment, make sure the drill
press is unplugged from the power supply and the switch
is in the OFF position. Failure to heed this warning could
result in serious personal injury.
ADJUSTING TABLE HEIGHT
HEX
BOLT
See Figure 11.
■ Hold the table with one hand then loosen the table lock
handle.
■ To raise the table, turn the table adjustment handle
clockwise.
■ To lower the table, turn the table adjustment handle
counterclockwise.
■ Once the table is in the desired position, retighten the
table lock handle.
TABLE LOCK
HANDLE
0
0
40 30 20 10
10 20 30 40
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
ON
0
0
40 30 20 10
BEVEL
SCALE
10 20 30 40
TABLE LOCK
HANDLE
Fig. 12
DEPTH STOP ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 13.
Where a number of holes are to be drilled to exactly the same
depth, the depth stop is used as follows.
■ Loosen depth stop.
■ Rotate depth gauge clockwise to desired measurement.
■ Retighten depth stop securely. This will stop the spindle
assembly at desired depth.
TABLE ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
Fig. 11
BEVEL ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 12.
Your drill press is equipped with a tilting table that allows you
to drill angled holes. The table can be tilted left or right, from
0°-45°.
40
2
To tilt the table:
■ Loosen the large hex bolt located beneath the table.
■ Use the bevel scale to tilt the table to the desired angle.
■ Retighten the hex bolt securely.
DEPTH
GAUGE
50
DEPTH STOP
Fig. 13
12
ADJUSTMENTS
■ Open the head assembly cover and reposition the belt
according to the speed chart. Close the cover.
■ Push the belt tension lever firmly back into position
assuring drive belt is tight. While holding tension on the
motor, retighten the two belt tension knobs securely.
CHANGING SPEEDS
See Figure 14.
WARNING:
Before performing any adjustment, make sure the drill
press is unplugged from the power supply and the switch
is in the OFF position. Failure to heed this warning could
result in serious personal injury.
SPEED CHART
BELTS
MOTOR
PULLEY
SPINDLE
PULLEY
The spindle speed is determined by the location of the belts
on the pulleys inside the head assembly. The speed chart
located on the cover inside the head assembly shows the
recommended speed and pulley configuration for each drilling
operation. To change the pulley configuration, refer to figure
14 and proceed as follows:
■ Loosen the two belt tension screws located on each side of
the head assembly.
■ Push the belt tension lever to release belt tension and to
loosen the belts.
BELT TENSION
SCREWS
BELT TENSION
LEVER
Fig. 14
OPERATION
SELF-EJECTING CHUCK KEY
WARNING:
The self-ejecting chuck key ensures that the chuck key is
removed from the chuck BEFORE the drill press is turned
on.
In order to loosen or tighten the chuck using the chuck key,
push the key into the chuck hole. Rotate the key clockwise
to tighten the chuck, counterclockwise to loosen the chuck.
When you are finished with the chuck key, always replace it
in the chuck key storage located on the head assembly.
Before attempting to use your drill press familiarize
yourself with all operating features and safety
requirements.
LOCKING THE SWITCH
See Figure 15.
■ Place the switch in the OFF position.
■ Wait until the drill press has come to a full and complete
stop.
■ Remove the switch key from the switch assembly. Store
key in safe place.
WARNING:
Use only the self-ejecting chuck key provided. Always
remove chuck key and store in the on-board chuck key
storage. Failure to heed this warning could result in
serious personal injury.
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
SWITCH
WARNING:
ON
Always remember to remove the chuck key from the table
surface before turning on the drill press. Failure to heed
this warning could result in serious personal injury.
REM
OVE
TO LOC
K
TABLE ROTATION
SWITCH KEY
When drilling large objects it may be necessary to swing the
table out of the way. Simply loosen the table lock lever, rotate
the table, and retighten table lock lever.
Note: When using the base as a work surface, the workpiece
must be clamped securely to the base.
Fig. 15
13
OPERATION
INSTALLING BITS
See Figure 16.
■ Unplug your drill press.
■ Open or close the chuck jaws to a point where the opening
is slightly larger than the drill bit you intend to use.
■ Insert drill bit into chuck the full length of the jaws.
ON
WARNING:
Do not insert drill bit into chuck jaws and tighten as shown
in figure 16. This could cause drill bit to be thrown from
your drill resulting in possible serious personal injury or
damage to your chuck.
■ Tighten chuck jaws securely using the chuck key provided.
DO NOT use a wrench to tighten or loosen the chuck
jaws.
WRONG
■ Remove chuck key and return to storage area.
DRILLING
See Figure 17.
■ Using a C-clamp or similar clamping device, secure the
workpiece to the work table. To protect the surface of the
workpiece, use a piece of scrap between the clamp and
the workpiece.
■ Select the proper drill bit based on the hole size desired.
For large holes, drill a pilot hole first, using a smaller
diameter bit.
■ Set table assembly to desired height. If desired, set feed
shaft at desired spindle depth.
■ Make sure the work table is free of all loose objects and
that the bit is not in contact with the workpiece.
■ Plug electrical cord into power supply and turn switch ON.
Make sure spindle rotates freely.
■ Slowly lower drill bit into workpiece. Do not force the bit,
let the drill press do the work.
■ Once the hole is completed, raise the spring-loaded feed
shaft to its normal position. This will automatically raise
the chuck and bit.
Fig. 16
1 2 Drill Pre
ss
ON
DRILLING TIPS
If the hole is large, it’s a good idea to drill a smaller pilot hole
before drilling the final one. Your hole will be more accurately
positioned, rounder, and the bits will last longer.
If the hole is deeper than it is wide, back off occasionally to
clear the chips. When drilling metal also use a coolant.
As you increase the drill size, you may need to reduce the
spindle speed.
If drilling a through hole, make sure that the bit will not drill
into the table after moving through your work.
C-CLAMP
Fig. 17
14
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICATION
WARNING:
The ball bearings in the quill and V-belt pulley are permanently
lubricated. To lubricate the spindle, pull quill down to
maximum depth and oil moderately once every three months.
Oil all slide bars lightly every two months. If cranking becomes
difficult, grease bracket lightly.
When servicing use only identical Ryobi replacement
parts. Use of any other parts may create a hazard or cause
product damage.
HEX NUT
WARNING:
PULLEY
SET SCREW
To avoid serious personal injury make sure the drill press is
turned OFF and the cord is unplugged from the power
source before performing any maintenance or adjustment.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
After using your drill press, clean it completely and lubricate
all sliding and moving parts. Apply a light coat of automotive
type paste wax to the table and column to help keep the
surfaces clean.
HEAD ASSEMBLY
Frequently blow out any dust that may accumulate inside
the motor housing.
GEAR RACK
Fig. 18
Periodically lubricate the gear rack in order to keep the
vertical movement smooth and to help prolong the life of your
drill press.
PULLEYS
See Figure 18.
Should you feel an unusually high level of vibration, the
pulleys may not be tightly secured on the motor and/or spindle
shafts. To make sure the pulleys are properly seated and
tight, locate the set screw on the motor pulley and the hex
nut on the spindle pulley as shown in Figure 18. Tighten the
set screw with a hex wrench and the hex nut with an adjustable wrench.
Note: Turn hex nut counterclockwise to tighten.
CHUCK TOOL
The Chuck Tool is used to remove the chuck and chuck
spindle when either an attachment is to be used or when
large drill bits with a tapered shank are to be used.
Unplug the drill press.
Lower the spindle until the slots in the spindle are visible.
Insert the chuck tool into the slot in the spindle. While
supporting the chuck in one hand, tap the chuck tool lightly
with a rubber mallet until the chuck and chuck spindle release
from the drill press.
Remove the chuck tool from the drill press spindle.
15
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Noisy operation
Bit burns or smokes
Excessive drill runout or wobble
Drill bit binds in workpiece
Workpiece support loosens
Possible Cause
Solution
Incorrect belt tension.
Adjust belt tension.
Dry spindle.
Lubricate spindle.
Loose spindle pulley or motor pulley.
Tighten set screws in pulleys.
Incorrect speed.
Change speed.
Chips not coming out of hole.
Retract bit frequently to clear chips.
Dull bit.
Sharpen or replace bit.
Feeding too slow.
Feed fast enough, allow drill to cut.
Not lubricated.
Lubricate bit for metal work.
Bent bit.
Replace bit.
Bit not properly installed in chuck.
Install bit properly.
Chuck not properly installed.
Install chuck properly.
Worn spindle bearings.
Contact Ryobi Authorized Service
Center.
Excessive feed pressure.
Reduce feed pressure.
Improper belt tension.
Adjust belt tension.
Workpiece not supported or clamped
properly.
Check support and/or reclamp
workpiece.
16
NOTES
NOTES
17
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
12 in. (305 mm) Drill Press
Model DP120
EXTENSION CORD CAUTION
**Ampere rating
When using a power tool at a considerable distance from a power
source, be sure to use an extension cord that has the capacity to
handle the current the tool will draw. An undersized cord will cause
a drop in line voltage, resulting in overheating and loss of power.
Use the chart to determine the minimum wire size required in an
extension cord. Only round jacketed cords should be used.
When working with a tool outdoors, use an extension cord that is
designed for outside use. This is indicated by the letters "WA" on
the cord's jacket.
Before using any extension cord, inspect it for loose or exposed
wires and cut or worn insulation.
(on tool data plate)
0-2.0
Cord Length
25'
50'
100'
16
16
16
2.1-3.4
3.5-5.0
5.1-7.0
7.1-12.0 12.1-16.0
Wire Size (A.W.G.)
16
16
16
16
16
14
16
14
12
14
14
10
14
12
—
CAUTION: Keep the extension cord clear of the working
area. Position the cord so that it will not get caught on workpiece,
tools, or other obstructions while you are working with a power
tool.
**Used on 12 gauge - 20 amp circuit.
• SERVICE
Now that you have purchased your tool, should a need ever exist for repair parts or
service, simply contact your nearest Ryobi Authorized Service Center. Be sure to
provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit. Please call 1-800-525-2579 for your
nearest Ryobi Authorized Service Center. You can also check our web site at
www.ryobitools.com for a complete list of Authorized Service Centers.
• MODEL NO.
The model and serial numbers of your tool will be found on the data plate attached to the
head assembly. Please record the serial number in the space provided below.
•
MODEL NUMBER
•
SERIAL NUMBER
DP120
RYOBI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1428 Pearman Dairy Road
Anderson, SC 29625
Post Office Box 1207
Anderson SC 29622-1207
Phone 1-800-525-2579
www.ryobitools.com
983000-040
12-02