TM Performance TM motorcycle 2008 User's Manual

TM
2008 UK
1
ENGLISH
ENGLISH
2
IMPOR
TANT
IMPORT
YOU ARE ADVISED TO READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE USING YOUR MOTO TM.
IT CONTAINS A LOT OF INFORMATION AND ADVICE THAT WILL MAKE THE USE AND MAINTENANCE OF THE
MOTORCYCLE MUCH EASIER AND SAFER.
IT IS IN YOUR SPECIFIC INTEREST TO PAY PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE WARNINGS INDICATED IN THE
FOLLOWING WAY:
DA N G E R
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE WARNINGS RISKS LIVES!
WARNING
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE WARNINGS COULD CAUSE DAMAGE TO PARTS OF THE MOTORCYCLE
OR MAKE IT UNSAFE FOR USE.
Please make note of your motorcycle’s serial numbers in the boxes below.
When you must contact TM for spare parts, updating requests or to signal problems, indicate the model, cylinder capacity, year
of manufacture and most of all the frame number and the engine serial number.
FRAME NUMBER
ENGINE NUMBER
KEY NUMBER
ST
AMP OF THE AUTHORISED DEALER
STAMP
TM reserves the right to carry out changes without forewarning. The specifications can change from country to country.
All indications are valid subject to spelling and printing errors.
3
ENGLISH
Dear TM customer
customer,,
We would like to congratulate you for having chosen a TM motorcycle.
Your TM is a competitive and modern motorcycle that will surely give you a lot of satisfaction if you treat it
according to the provisions contained in this manual. Before starting up your TM motorcycle for the first time,
you must read this manual carefully so as to understand the regulations for use and the features of your
new motorcycle.
Only in this way will you know how to adjust the motor cycle, and to adapt it in the best way possible to
your personal characteristics and how to protect yourself from injury. This manual also contains important
information regarding the maintenance of your new motorcycle.
This manual is based on the most recent information concerning the product that was available on going to print.
Further variations owing to succesive constructive developments of the motorcycle are however possible.
This manual is an integral part of the motorcycle, it must be given to the customer at the time of purchase and must
remain with the motor cycle whenever it is re-sold.
Please note that the operations marked with (A) in the “Frame and Engine Maintenance” chapter must be carried
out by a TM.specialised workshop. If these maintenance operations should be necessary during competitions,
they must be carried out by a qualified mechanic.
For your safety, only use TM original spare parts and accessories.
TM does not assume any responsibility for the use of other products and for damage deriving from them.
We advise you to respect the running in period, inspection periods and established maintenance periods scrupulously.
Only full compliance with these regulations will lengthen the life of your motorcycle. Overhauls and repairs must
only be carried out by a specialised TM workshop.
For any information or requests contact a specialised TM workshop, which is backed by the TM importer.
Please remember that a lot of technical data and information regarding TM motorcycles is available at: www.tmracing.it.
Motorcycling is a marvellous sport that you will be able to enjoy with your TM motorcycle.
Always remember to respect the environment and other people. Always use the motorcycle with caution, it is in
everybodys interest to safeguard the future of our sport.
Enjoy yourself with your TM motorcycle!
TM RACING S.p.A.
Via Fano 6 - 61100 PESARO
ITALY
TM RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR TO EXECUTE MODIFICATIONS AS IT DEEMS NECESSARY .
ENGLISH
4
IMPOR
TANT AD
VICE REGARDING
IMPORT
ADVICE
THE LEGAL WARRANTY AND THE
COMMER
CIAL WARRANTY
COMMERCIAL
TM sport motorcycles are designed and constructed in a manner to support the stress that may be
verified in normal road and competition use.
Competition motorcycles are in compliance with the regulations of the categories actually in force at
the most important international motorcycling federations.
The scrupulous compliance with the established inspections, maintenance and tuning of the engine
and chassis part of the motorcycle, indicated in the user manual, is indispensable for correct functioning
and to prevent premature wear of the parts of the motorcycle itself.
Incorrect tuning of the engine or of the chassis can also jeopardise one’s own safety and that of
others.
The maintenance operations established in the “Maintenance and Lubrication” table must be carried
out by a specialised TM workshop at the envisioned dates, otherwise any warranty rights will be
forfeited.
When you must contact your TM Dealer for spare parts, updating requests or to signal problems, indicate
the model, cylinder capacity, year of manufacture and most of all the frame number and the engine serial
number.
Fuels and lubricants must be those established in the user and maintenance manual and must be
used as per maintenance programme. Products of other brands can be used as long as they have the
equivalent specifications.
In cases of direct and consequent damage caused by tampering or modifications to the motorcycle,
no legal warranty claim can be asserted.
The use of the motorcycle in extreme conditions, for example on muddy and very wet ground, may
lead to greater than average wear of components, such as transmission components or the brakes. It
is therefore possible that maintenance or replacement of some parts is necessary before the limit
normally envisioned by the maintenance programme.
MX AND SMX MODELS CANNOT BE USED ON PUBLIC ROADS.
The 250, 450 and 530 models in the END, SMR and SMM versions can be used on roads only in the
unvaried type-approved version (reduced). Without this power limitation (i.e. reduced) these
models can only be used off-the-road, but not on public roads.
The END models have been designed for off-the-road resistance competitions (Enduro) and are not
suitable for Motocross.
5
ENGLISH
INDEX
INDEX
Page
Variation of rear shock spring preload ........................................... 42
Rear suspension mechanical linkage ............................................. 42
Check chain tension ...................................................................... 43
Adjustment of chain tension (all models except SMM).....................43
Adjustment of chain tension (SMM).................................................44
Chain maintenance ......................................................................... 44
Chain wear..................................................................................... 45
Basic indications for TM disc brakes ............................................. 45
Free play adjustment of front brake lever ....................................... 46
Check front brake fluid level ......................................................... 47
Top-up front brake fluid ................................................................. 47
Check front brake pads ................................................................ 47
Replacement of front brake pads ................................................... 48
Modification of rear brake pedal base position .............................. 49
Check rear brake fluid level .......................................................... 49
Top-up rear brake fluid ................................................................... 49
Check rear brake pads ................................................................. 50
Replacement of rear brake pads .................................................... 50
Disassembly and assembly of front wheel ................................... 50
Disassembly and assembly of rear wheel (all except SMM) ......... 51
Disassembly and assembly of rear wheel (SMM) .......................... 52
Check spoke tension ..................................................................... 52
Tyres, tyre pressure ...................................................................... 53
Battery (all models with E.S.) ......................................................... 53
Check/adjustment magnet sensor distance .................................. 53
Battery charge ............................................................................. 54
Recharge fuse (all models with E.S.) ............................................ 55
Services fuse (all models with lights) ............................................ 55
Replacement of headlight/position light bulb .................................. 55
Replacement of headlight/position light bulb (with cyclops) ........... 56
Replacement of rear position/stop/numberplate light bulb
(END/ SMR/SMM) ........................................................................... 56
Replacement of direction indicator bulb ......................................... 56
Cooling ........................................................................................... 57
Check coolant level ...................................................................... 58
Emptying, filling and bleeding of the cooling system........................58
Replacement of exhaust silencer packing material..........................58
Cleaning the air filter ...................................................................... 59
Check hand decompressor adjustment ......................................... 59
Throttle cable command adjustment .............................................. 60
Adjustment of clutch lever basic position ....................................... 60
Check hydraulic clutch oil level ..................................................... 60
Bleeding hydraulic clutch ............................................................. 60
Carburetor - Idle speed adjustment ................................................ 61
Basic indications regarding carburetor wear................................. 61
Check fuel level (float height) ....................................................... 62
Emptying the carburetor float bowl..................................................62
Oil circuit ........................................................................................ 62
Check engine oil level ................................................................... 63
Engine oil ....................................................................................... 63
Change engine oil ........................................................................... 63
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................. 66
CLEANING ................................................................................. 68
PRECAUTIONS FOR WINTER USE .............................................. 68
STORAGE
................................................................................. 68
Start-up after seasonal pause........................................................... 68
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE.................................................... 69/70
CARBURETOR SETTINGS ............................................................ 71
ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES .................................................. 72
TECHNICAL DATA-CYCLE PART ........................................... 73-74
ALPHABETIC INDEX ................................................................... 75
WIRING DIAGRAM .......................................................... appendix
Page
POSITION OF SERIAL NUMBER .................................................. 7
Frame number ................................................................................ 8
Engine number ............................................................................... 8
OPERATING CONTROLS ............................................................... 9
Clutch lever .................................................................................... 10
Manual decompressor lever .......................................................... 10
Front brake lever ............................................................................ 10
Control pilot lights ........................................................................ 10
Electronic tachometer (END/SMR/SMM)........................................... 11
Mode selection and reset .............................................................. 11
Programming the electronic tachometer ......................................... 11
Programming the clock ................................................................... 12
Setting the distance travelled ......................................................... 12
Electronic digital backlit display tachometer (END/ SMR/SMM) ......... 12
Engine stop switch (MX/SMX) ....................................................... 13
Combination switch (END/SMR/SMM) ............................................. 13
Combination switch supplied with Electronic digital
backlit display tachometer ................................................................ 13
Start command and emergency stop
(END/MXe.s./SMXe.s./SMR/SMM) ................................................... 14
Fuel filler cap...................................................................................14
Fuel tap .......................................................................................... 14
Choke command (cold starter) ....................................................... 15
“By-Pass” command(hot starter) ................................................ 15
Idle speed adjustment command .................................................... 15
Gear shift pedal ............................................................................. 16
Kickstart pedal................................................................................ 16
Brake pedal ................................................................................... 16
Side stand ...................................................................................... 16
Side stand fixing for off-road routes...............................................17
Ignition switch ............................................................................... 17
Fork adjustment in compression .................................................... 17
Fork adjustment in rebound .......................................................... 18
Shock absorber adjustment in compression ................................. 18
Shock absorber adjustment in rebound ......................................... 19
Steering lock .................................................................................. 20
ADVICE AND GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
COMMISSIONING THE MOTORCYCLE......................................... 21
Indications for first start-up .......................................................... 22
Running in instructions
.............................................................. 22
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE .............................................................. 23
Check before every start-up ........................................................ 24
Cold engine start
.............................................................. 25
Warm engine start .......................................................................... 25
If the engine is “flooded! ................................................................ 26
Bike starting.....................................................................................26
Shifting gear, accelerating, slowing down .................................. 26
Braking ........................................................................................... 28
Stopping and parking ..................................................................... 28
Fuel ................................................................................................ 29
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION TABLE ................................. 31
FRAME AND ENGINE MAINTENANCE ........................................... 37
Check steering bearings and play adjustment .............................. 38
Telescopic fork vent screws ......................................................... 39
Cleaning telescopic fork dust scraper.............................................39
Basic calibration of the chassis on the basis of pilot weight ........... 40
Shock absorber calibration and spring check ................................ 40
Establishing rear shock lowering in running order ........................ 40
Establishing rear shock static lowering ........................................ 41
Check telescopic fork basic calibration ......................................... 41
Variation of telescopic fork preload .............................................. 41
Replacement of fork springs .......................................................... 42
ENGLISH
6
7
ENGLISH
POSITION OF
OF SERIAL
SERIAL NUMBER
NUMBER
POSITION
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number is embossed on the right side of the steering metal
tube. Make note of this number in the appropriate space on page 3. In
the END, SMR, SMM models, the serial number is also stated on a
plate positioned on the left hand side. See photo.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is engraved on the left side of the engine
underneath the chain pinion. Make note of this number in the
appropriate space on page 3.
ENGLISH
8
9
ENGLISH
OPERA
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
CLUTCH LEVER
The clutch lever (1) is mounted on the left of the handlebar. The position
of the clutch lever, with respect to the handlebar grip, can be varied
using the adjustment screws (A) (see maintenace operation).
The adjusting screws (B) are used to adjust the pump after having
adjusted the lever position and to ensure the correct freeplay.
MANUAL DECOMPRESSOR LEVER
(ALL530 AND 660CC.)
The hand decompressor lever (2) is on the left side of the handlebar,
and is used when, after a fall or following overheating, the engine is
difficult to start-up when warm. To ventilate the engine, pull the
decompressor lever during starting.
The lever must always have a play of about 10 mm measured between
the lever and support, before starting to open theexhaust valves. The
time of opening is recognised by greater resistance of the lever (see
“Frame and Engine Maintenance” chapter).
FRONT BRAKE LEVER
The front brake lever (3) is located on the right of the handlebar and
activates the front wheel brake. The position of the brake lever with
respect to the handlebar grip can be varied using the adjustment screw
(A) (see “Frame and Engine Maintenance” chapter”).
CONTROL PILOT LIGHTS (END/SMR/SMM)
The green control pilot light (1) lights up when the indicator
is switched on and flashes in time to the indicator.
The blue control pilot light (2) lights up when the full beam
headlight is switched on.
1
ENGLISH
10
2
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
ELECTR
ONIC TACHOMETER (END/SMR/SMM)
ELECTRONIC
The electronic tachometer display is always activated.
The electronic tachometer is powered by an SR44 1.5 Volt battery,
(D357) 11.6x5.4mm.
Replace the battery every 2 years or in case of blurring of the display.
To replace the battery, open the cover positioned on the rear using a
screwdriver, and extract the battery.
Insert the new battery in a way that the positive pole is visible from the
outside and close the cover.
Before extracting the battery, make note of the WS (wheel circumference)
and DST (total mileage) values.
These values will be re-programmed into the instrument after battery
replacement.
MODE SELECTION AND RESET
(END/SMR/SMM)
While the electronic tachometer always displays the speed of the vehicle
expressed in Kmh (or Mph on the basis of the selection made) it also
allows to visualise the following functions on selection:
TRP Daily mileage
AVS Average speed (after 10 hours or 1000Km press RESET)
STP Chronometer (start and stop autom. max. time 10 hours)
MAX Max. speed reached (from the last RESET)
DST Total mileage (up to 99999Km)
CLK Clock
To reset theTRP, AVS, STP and MAX functions, press the right button (blue).
Select the function and press the left button for 5 sec. (yellow).
The values displayed are zeroed.
PROGRAMMING THE ELECTR
ONIC TACHOMETER
ELECTRONIC
(END/SMR/SMM) (only after battery replacement)
Remove the connector positioned on the back of the instrument.
Press the grey button on the rear of the instrument for 5 seconds. Four
numbers appear on the display, of which the first is flashing. “WS”
(Wheel Size) also flashing, appears in the top right of the display.
Now press in sequence, the left hand button (yellow) to change the
value of the first flashing number.
Press the right hand button (blue) to make the second number flash
and press the left hand (yellow) button in sequence to visualise the
desired value.
Repeat the operation to change the value of the following number and
so on until the exact development of the wheel expressed in mm. (=tyre
diam. in mm.x3.14) is visualised.
Finally, with the 4th number still flashing, to change the unit of
measurement from Kmh to Mph, press the right hand button (blue)
and “Kmh” will start to flash,now press the left hand button (yellow) to
pass to “Mph”.
End programming by pressing the grey button on the rear of the
instrument for 1 sec.
11
ENGLISH
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
PROGRAMMING THE CLOCK
(END/SMR/SMM)
Remove the connector positioned on the back of the instrument.
Select the CLK function on the display by pressing the right hand button
(blue).
Press the grey button on the rear of the instrument for 5 secs.and “CLK”
(Clock) will start to flash on the display together with the hours.
Press the left hand button (yellow) to set the hour (on 24 hours).
Press the right hand button (blue) again to make the tens of minutes
flash, press the left hand button (yellow) to set the tens of minutes.
Repeat to set the minutes.
End by pressing the grey button on the rear of the instrument for 1 sec.
SETTING THE DIST
ANCE TRA
VELLED
DISTANCE
TRAVELLED
(END/SMR/SMM) (only after battery replacement)
The value of the distance travelled must only be re-inserted if the battery
has been replaced.
Five zeroes appear in the display, of which the first is flashing along
with DST, which is also flashing.
Press the right hand button (blue) to make the first of the four numbers
to be set flash and press the left hand button (yellow) to set the desired
value.
Repeat the operation until all of the numbers have been set as desired.
End by pressing the grey button on the rear of the instrument for 1 sec.
ELECTR
ONIC DIGIT
AL B
ACKLIT DISPLA
Y
ELECTRONIC
DIGITAL
BA
DISPLAY
TACHOMETER (OPTION
AL
FOR
END/
SMR/SMM)
(OPTIONAL
As an option to the standard instrument, on the models fit with battery
and Electric Start, you may find the Tachometer/Odometer shown in
Fig. 1. It has a wide backlit display and four pilot lights.
In the top there are the left indicator pilot light (2) , the low beam pilot
light (3), the high beam pilot light (4) and the right indicator pilot light
(5).
Inside the display you find the tachometer (6), the trip odometer (7) and
the total kilometers odometer (8).
In the bottom there are two buttons, “SET” (9) and “MODE” (10).
The instrument unit is the Kmh but it can be easily changed in Mph in
the following way: press and hold the “SET” button, while holding it
press once the “MODE” button.
Repeat the same operation to switch back to Kmh.
The trip odometer can be reset pressing the “SET” button once.
The total kilometres odometer resets automatically when reaching the
limit of 99999 Km or Miles.
The instrument switches on automatically when pressing and positioning outwards the red button located near the throttle command and
switches off when pressing and positioning inwards the red button
itself.
ENGLISH
12
OPERA
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
ENGINE STOP SWITCH (MX/SMX)
The engine stop switch is found near to the handlebar’s left handlebar
grip.
The engine is shutdown using the engine stop switch (1): when it is
activated a shortcircuit is caused in the ignition, which no longer supplies
voltage to the spark plug.
Press the button until the engine switches off and then release.
1
COMBIN
ATION SWIT
CH
COMBINA
SWITCH
(END/SMR/SMM)
This command is found on the handlebar near to the left handlebar
grip.
The light selector switch has 4 positions:
(A) = lights off
(B) = position lights on
(C) = position lights and lowbeam on
(D) = position lights and highbeam on
Key (1) activates the horn.
Use cursor (2) to activate the direction indicators: move it to the left
when turning to the left and towards the right when turning tot he right.
Place it back in the central position when the manouevre has been
carried out.
Use button (3) to switch the engine off (only if the motorcycle does not
have a battery). This button is deactivated when there is a battery.
COMBIN
ATION SWIT
CH SUPPLIED WITH
COMBINA
SWITCH
ELECTR
ONIC DIGIT
AL B
ACKLIT DISPLA
Y
BA
DISPLAY
ELECTRONIC
DIGITAL
TACHOMETER (END/ SMR/SMM)
With the electronic digital backlit display tachometer you will find the
combination switch shown in the picture (1).
The use of the switch is very easy.
When the symbol (3) on the rotating ring is aligned with the symbol (4)
on the switch body, lights are switched off.
To switch the lights on, turn the ring (2) counterclockwise until the
symbol (5) is aligned with the symbol (4).
Operate in the same way to switch on the low beam (7) and the high
beam (6).
Press the button (8) to activate the horn.
Press the rocker switch (9) on the left to activate the left hand indicator
and on the right to activate the right hand indicator.
13
ENGLISH
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
ST
AR
T COMMAND AND EMER
GENCY ST
OP
STAR
ART
EMERGENCY
STOP
(END/MXE.S./SMXE.S./SMR/SMM)
In the models with battery and electric ignition, a two-button command
is found at the side of the throttle command, one button is red, the other
black.
The red button (1) has two positions. Positioned inwards, it interrupts
contact with the battery, removing the current from all services
consumers/ancilleries. The engine will not start even with the pedal.
1
On these models, position it like this to switch the
engine off.
It is advised to leave it like this until the engine is started-up again,
otherwise the battery will go flat.
Positioned outwards, it closes the contact with the battery,
enables the use of all services, including electric starter.
For this reason, never leave it like this with the engine
switched off, otherwise the ignition control unit, which
absorbs current even when the engine is switched off,
can make the battery flat.
The black button (2) activates the starter. Press to startup the engine and release once running.
Activate this command for a maximum of 8/10 sec. at a
time and wait a few seconds before re-trying.
Do not insist for more than 3/4 times: look for the probable
fault.
Never press this button when the engine is running.
FUEL FILLER CAP
The fuel fill cap is found on top of the tank.
Open: turn the cap in an anti-clockwise direction
Close: place the cap on the inlet well and tighten it in a clockwise
direction.
Position the tank’s open vent pipe (1) preventing bends or crushing
and making sure that it is inserted correctly.
FUEL TAP
The tap is located on the left hand side of the tank base.
OFF On the OFF position, the fuel tap is closed.
ON
On the ON position, the fuel tap is open.
When the motorcycle is used, turn the tap to the ON position. In
this way the fuel flows to the carburetor and the tank empties up
to reserve.
RES On the RES position, the reserve is used. After having filled up
the tank, do not forget to move the tap back to the ON position.
Tank capacity (all models)............ 8 Lt. + reserve 1 Lt.
ENGLISH
14
2
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
CHOKE COMMAND (COLD ST
AR
TER)
STAR
ARTER)
This command is located on the left side of the motorcycle.
For MIKUNI carburetors
By extracting the choke knob (1) as far as possible, a passage is
opened in the carburetor, through which the engine can suck additional
fuel. In this way, a “rich” air-fuel mix is obtained. This is necessary for
starting the engine when it is cold.
To disconnect the command, push the choke knob inwards to its original
position.
For KEIHIN carburetors
Extract the knob and turn it clockwise to block it. To disconnect it, turn
anticlockwise.
“BY
-PASS” COMMAND (HO
T ST
AR
TER)
“BY-PASS”
(HOT
STAR
ARTER)
All models with electric star ter
This command is found on the right side of the motor cycle..
By pulling the by-pass knob (1) forward as far as possible, a hole is
opened in the feeding pipe, through which the engine can suck an
additional amount of air not mixed with fuel. The result is a “lean” airfuel mix. This is required for starting the engine when it is flooded or
particularly overheated.
As soon as the engine is running, push the knob to return it to its
normal position.
“BY
-PASS” COMMAND (HO
T ST
AR
TER)
“BY-PASS”
(HOT
STAR
ARTER)
All models with kic
kstar t
kickstar
This command is found on the handlebar, near to the right handlebar
grip.
By turning the by-pass lever (1) as far as possible, a hole is opened in
the feeding pipe, through which the engine can suck an additional
amount of air not mixed with fuel. The result is a “lean” air-fuel mix.
This is required for starting of the engine when it is flooded or particularly
overheated.
As soon as the engine is running, turn the lever to return it to its normal
position.
1
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT COMMAND
This command is located on the left side of the motorcycle
By turning the idle speed adjustment knob, the normal running of the
engine at idle speed is raised or lowered.
By turning it in a clockwise direction, the idle speed is raised, by turning
it in an anti-clockwise direction, the idle speed is lowered.
The normal idle speed, when the engine is warm, must be between
1,600 and 1,800 rpm.
15
ENGLISH
OPERA
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
GEAR SHIFT PED
AL
PEDAL
The gear shift pedal is positioned on the engine left side. The position
of the gears is indicated in the illustration. The neutral is between the
first and second gears.
KICKST
AR
T PED
AL
KICKSTAR
ART
PEDAL
The kickstart pedal is positioned on the right side of the engine. The
upper part is turned outwards to start-up the engine and replaced
inside as soon as the engine is running.
BRAKE PED
AL
PEDAL
The brake pedal is positioned in front of the right foot rest. The basic
position can be adjusted on the basis of the position of the saddle
(see maintenance operations).
SIDE ST
AND
STAND
Push the side stand to the floor using the foot and rest the motorcycle
on it. Pay attention that the ground is solid and the position stable.
ENGLISH
16
OPERA
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
SIDE ST
AND FIXING FOR OFFR
OAD R
OUTES
STAND
OFFRO
ROUTES
If you drive the motorcycle off-road, the closed side stand can be
additionally fixed using a rubber band (2).
IGNITION SWITCH
In the SMR and SMM models an ignition key is added on the left side of
the dashboard.
By turning the key clockwise , the electric circuit is closed and, after the
starter button has been pushed so as to close the contact with the
battery, it is possible to operate the electric starter.
To switch the engine off, remember to position the red starter button to
interrupt the battery connection circuit and turn the key anticlockwise.
FORK ADJUSTMENT IN COMPRESSION
The hydraulic brake system determines the behaviour of the fork in the
in compression stroke. The degree of hydraulic braking in compression
can be adjusted on the basis of pilot preferences and/or hardness of
the spring installed.
PAIOLI USD FORK (STANDARD)
Remove the rubber hood (1) situated in the lower part of the fork leg
and turn the adjustment screw (2) using a screwdriver. By turning it
clockwise, braking increases, turning anticlockwise it decreases. A
total of 26 clicks are available.
1
2
3
MARZOCCHI USD FORK (STANDARD)
The adjustment screw is located in the upper side of the fork cap (4). For this
operation, use a screwdriver. By turning the screw clockwise, braking increases,
while turning it anticlockwise, braking decreases. 28 clicks are available in all.
Never turn the side screw (5).
4
WARNING
BEFORE STARTING IT IS ADVISED TO TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTER FROM THE
STANDARD POSITION TO THE “TOTALLY CLOSED” POSITION AND COUNT THE
NOTCHES DETECTED SO THAT THE STANDARD POSITION CAN BE RESTORED.
FOR CONVENTION, THE NOTCHES ARE INDICATED FROM THE “TOTALLY
CLOSED” POSITION.
BOTH RODS MUST HAVE THE SAME ADJUSTMENT.
17
5
ENGLISH
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
FORK ADJUSTMENT IN REBOUND
The hydraulic brake system in extension determines the behaviour of
the fork in the rebound stroke.
The degree of hydraulic braking in rebound can be adjusted on the
basis of pilot preferences and/or hardness of the spring installed.
PAIOLI USD FORK (STANDARD)
The adjustment screw is located in the upper side of the fork cap (4). By
turning it clockwise, braking increases, anticlockwise it decreases. A
total of 28 clicks are available
4
5
MARZOCCHI USD FORK (STANDARD)
The adjustment screw is located in the lower part of the fork leg (8). For this
operation, use a screwdriver. By turning the screw clockwise, braking increases,
while turning it anticlockwise, braking decreases. 28 clicks are available in all.
WARNING
BEFORE STARTING IT IS ADVISED TO TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTER FROM THE
STANDARD POSITION TO THE “TOTALLY CLOSED” POSITION AND COUNT THE
CLICKS DETECTED SO THAT THE STANDARD POSITION CAN BE RESTORED.
FOR CONVENTION, THE NUMBER OF CLICKS IS INDICATED FROM THE “TOTALLY
CLOSED” POSITION.
BOTH LEGS MUST HAVE THE SAME ADJUSTMENT.
8
WARNING
FOR FURTHER AND MORE DETAILED INFORMATION REGARDING THE FORK,
BOTH STANDARD AND OPTIONAL, REFER TO THE “OWNERS MANUAL”
SUPPLIED BY THE MANUFACTURER OF THE FORK SUPPLIED BY TM
ACCOMPANYING THE MOTORCYCLE.
SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUST
ADJUST.. IN COMPRESSION
The hydraulic brake system in compression determines the behaviour
of the shock absorber in the compression stroke.The degree of hydraulic
braking in compression can be adjusted on the basis of pilot
preferences and/or hardness of the spring installed.
Both standard and optional shock absorbers mounted on the TM offer
the possibility of double adjustment in compression for low and high
speeds.
Low and high speeds mean the movement speed of the damper in
compression and not the speed of the motorcycle.
SACHS SHOCK ABSORBER (STANDARD)
Low speeds- The adjustment screw (6) is located on the top of the
damper gas tank. Use a screwdriver. By turning clockwise, braking
increase, anticlockwise it decreases. A total of 24 clicks are available
High speeds - The adjuster is a knob (7) and is concentric to the low
speed adjustment screw. Act manually. By turning clockwise, braking
increase, anticlockwise it decreases. A total of 20 clicks are available
ENGLISH
18
OPERA
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OHLINS SHOCK ABSORBER (OPTIONAL)
Low speeds- The adjustment screw (1) is on the top of the damper
gas tank. Use a screwdriver. By turning clockwise, braking increases,
anticlockwise, it decreases. A total of 25 clicks are available.
High speeds- The adjuster is a hexagonal ring nut (2) and is concentric
to the low speeds adjustment screw. Use a 17mm hexagonal spanner.
By turning clockwise, braking increases, anticlockwise it decreases. A
total of 4 clicks are available.
WARNING
BEFORE STARTING IT IS ADVISED TO TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTER FROM THE
STANDARD POSITION TO THE “TOTALLY CLOSED” POSITION AND COUNT THE
CLICKS/TURNS DETECTED SO THAT THE STANDARD POSITION CAN BE
RESTORED.
FOR CONVENTION, THE NUMBER OF CLICKS/TURNS ARE INDICATED FROM
THE “TOTALLY CLOSED” POSITION.
SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT IN REBOUND
The hydraulic brake system in rebound determines the behaviour of
the shock absorber in rebound stroke.The degree of hydraulic braking
in rebound can be adjusted on the basis of pilot preferences and/or
hardness of the spring installed.
SACHS SHOCK ABSORBER (STANDARD)
The adjustment screw (3) is situated on the fork of the shock absorber
(side of mechanical linkage). Use a screwdriver. By turning clockwise,
braking increases, anticlockwise it decreases. A total of 40 clicks are
available.
OHLINS SHOCK ABSORBER (OPTIONAL)
The adjustment knob (4) is situated low at the end of the damper rod.
Act manually. By turning clockwise (looking from the bottom upwards)
braking increases, anticlockwise, it decreases. A total of 40 clicks are
available.
WARNING
BEFORE STARTING IT IS ADVISED TO TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTER FROM THE
STANDARD POSITION TO THE “TOTALLY CLOSED” POSITION AND COUNT THE
CLICKS DETECTED SO THAT THE STANDARD POSITION CAN BE RESTORED.
FOR CONVENTION, THE NUMBER OF CLICKS IS INDICATED FROM THE “TOTALLY
CLOSED” POSITION.
DANGER
THE DAMPER GAS TANK IS FILLED WITH PRESSURISED NITROGEN . NEVER
TRY TO DISASSEMBLE THE DAMPER OR CARRY OUT MAINTENANCE
OPERATIONS WITHOUT THE HELP OF TECHNICIANS, OTHERWISE PARTS
COULD BE DAMAGED AND PERSONS INJURED
19
ENGLISH
TING CONTR
OLS
OPERATING
CONTROLS
OPERA
STEERING LOCK
This lock is situated on the left side of the frame steering tube.
This lock stops rotation of the handlebar, preventing the motorcycle
being driven.
To lock the steering, turn the handlebar completely to the right, insert
the key, turn it to the left, press, turn to the right and extract.
WARNING
NEVER LEAVE THE KEY IN THE LOCK. BY TURNING THE HANDLEBAR TO THE
LEFT, THE KEY COULD BE DAMAGED.
ENGLISH
20
21
ENGLISH
AD
VICE AND
AND GENERAL
GENERAL RECCOMAND
RECCOMAND
ATIONS
TIONS FOR
FOR
ADVICE
RECCOMANDA
VICE
A
ADVICE
RECCOMANDA
AD
COMMISSIONING THE
THE MO
MO
TOR
OR
CY
CLE
MOT
ORCY
CYCLE
COMMISSIONING
T
CY
CLE
MOT
ORCY
CYCLE
INDICATIONS FOR FIRST ST
AR
T-UP
STAR
ART
DANGER
- ALWAYS WEAR SUITABLE CLOTHING WHEN USING THE
MOTORCYCLE. ASTUTE MOTORCYCLISTS THAT DRIVE A TM
ALWAYS WEAR THE TYPE-APPROVED HELMET, BOOTS, GLOVES
AND A JACKET, WHETHER IT IS A LONG OR SHORT JOURNEY. THE
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING SHOULD BE BRIGHT SO THAT THE
MOTORCYCLIST CAN BE EASILY SEEN BY OTHER ROAD USERS.
- ALWAYS SWITCH THE HEADLIGHT ON DURING THE JOURNEY, SO
THAT OTHER ROAD-USERS CAN SEE YOU IN TIME.
- DO NOT DRINK AND DRIVE.
- ONLY USE ORIGINAL TM ACCESSORIES. FRONT COVERINGS, FOR
EXAMPLE, CAN NEGATIVELY AFFETCT THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE
MOTORCYCLE ON THE ROAD AT HIGH SPEEDS, OR HAVE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE MOTORCYCLE DUE
TO DIFFERENT WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION.
- THE FRONT AND REAR TYRES MUST HAVE THE SAME TYPE OF
PROFILE.
- AFTER THE FIRST 30 MINS, OF DRIVING, THE WHEEL SPOKE
TENSION MUST BE CHECKED. SPOKE TENSION DECREASES
QUICKLY ON NEW WHEELS. IF YOU DRIVE WITH LOOSE SPOKES,
THE SPOKES MAY BREAK, CAUSING UNSTABLE DRIVING
CONDITIONS (SEE CHECK SPOKE TENSION).
- THE RACING MODELS HAVE BEEN DESIGNED AND PREPARED ONLY
FOR ONE PERSON. IT IS PROHIBITED TO TAKE ON PASSENGERS.
- FOLLOW THE HIGHWAY CODE, DRIVE CAREFULLY SO AS TO
RECOGNISE DANGERS AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
- ADAPT SPEED TO THE CONDITIONS OF THE ROAD AND YOUR
DRIVING CAPABILITY.
- DRIVE CAREFULLY ON UNKNOWN ROADS OR LAND.
- WHEN OFF-ROAD YOU SHOULD ALWAYS BE ACCOMPANIED BY A
FRIEND WITH A SECOND MOTORCYCLE, SO THAT YOU CAN HELP
EACH OTHER IF DIFFICULTIES OCCUR.
- IN DUE TIME, REPLACE THE VISOR OR LENSES OF THE GOGGLES.
YOU WILL BE BLINDED AGAINST SUNLIGHT IF THE VISOR OR
GOGGLES ARE SCRATCHED.
- DO NOT LEAVE THE MOTORCYCLE UNSUPERVISED IF THE ENGINE
IS RUNNING.
- Ensure that the “PRE-DELIVERY OPERATIONS” of your
motorcycle have been carried out by your TM dealer.
- Carefully read all user instructions before making the first
journey.
- Become familiar with all operating controls.
- Adjust the clutch lever, the front brake lever and the brake
pedal so that they are in the most comfortable position.
- Get used to driving in an empty carpark or on land where it is
easy to handle the motorcycle before making a long journey.
Also try to move at a slow pace on foot to get used to the
motorcycle.
- Do not take routes that are too difficult for your driving ability
and experience.
- On the road, hold the handlebar with both hands and leave
your feet on the footrests.
- Be careful not to push the brake pedal if you do not wish to
brake. If the brake pedal is not released, the brake pads rub
continuously and the brake overheats
- Do not modify the motorcycle and always use ORIGINAL TM
SPARE PARTS. Spare parts made by other manufacturers
can jeopardise the safety of the motorcycle.
- Motorcycles are sensitive to the movement of weight. When
carrying luggage, fix it as near as possible to the centre of the
motorcycle and distribute the weight equally between the front
and rear wheel.
- Follow running in instructions.
RUNNING IN INSTRUCTIONS
The surfaces of components of a new motorcycle, even if they
undergo precision workings, are however less smooth than the
same components in a motorcycle that have been driven for a
time: this explains the necessity for running in the new engine.
To obtain an optimal bedding of the moving parts of a new engine,
it must be taken to produce maximum performance gradually.
For this reason, during the first 3 hours of use (1 hour for
competition use) the engine must only be used up to max. 50%
of its power. Moreover, the number of revs. must not exceed
7000/min.
In the following 5 hours of use (1 hour for competition use) the
engine can be used up to max. 75% of its power. Drive the
motorcycle in different conditions (road, easy off-road tracts).
Do not make long journeys without ever closing the throttle.
By following these regulations, you will obtain maximum performance and longer duration of the motorcycle through time.
DANGER
- MX AND SMX MODELS ARE NOT TYPE-APPROVED FOR USE ON
PUBLIC ROADS OR MOTORWAYS.
- WHEN USING YOUR MOTORCYCLE, ALWAYS KEEP IN MIND THAT
EXCESSIVE NOISE DISTURBS OTHERS.
WARNING
THE 250/450/530 END/MX/SMX MODELS HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED WITH
NO COMPROMISE FOR OFF-ROAD COMPETITIONS. EVEN IF THE ENDURO
MODELS ARE TYPE-APPROVED, PAY ATTENTION WHEN USING ON THE
ROAD . MOST OF ALL AVOID SUSTAINED ACCELERATION CONSTANT
THROTTLE ON LONG ROADS, ROLL THE THROTTLE ON AND BACK
SLIGHTLY.
ENGLISH
22
23
ENGLISH
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
CHECK BEFORE EVER
Y ST
AR
T-UP
EVERY
STAR
ART
To use the motorcycle safely, it must be in a good shape. It is a good
idea to carry out a general check-up of the motorcycle before every
start-up.
This check must include the following operations:
1 LEVEL OF ENGINE OIL
To ensure adequate lubrication, the level of the oil in the engine
must be kept within the envisioned limits. Using the engine with the
oil level below minimum leads to premature wear and successively,
to damage and risks to the driver.
2 FUEL
If the motorcycle does not have a transparent tank, open the tank cap
and visually check the quantity of fuel contained in the tank. Reclose the tank, making sure that the open vent pipe is not bent and
so impeding the flow of air.
3 CHAIN
The drive chain must always be tensioned corretly and well lubricated.
A loose chain knocks and may escape from the sprockets.
A too tight chain wears early and may cause wear and brakage of
some important transmission components.
4 TYRES
Check for any damage. Tyres with cuts or swellings must be replaced
immediately.
Check the depth of the tread which must correspond to the law.
Finally, check the air pressure and take it to the values envisioned in
the table, if necessary.
Worn tread and unsuitable air pressure worsen driving of the
motorcycle and may cause loss of control and serious accidents.
5 BRAKES
Verify correct working.
Check the level of brake fluid. The reservoir on the pumps are
dimensioned in a way that in case of normally worn brake pads the
fluid does not need to be topped-up. If the level of brake fluid falls
below the minimum level, this indicates a leak in the brake system
or complete consumption of the brake pads. Have the brake system
checked by a specialised TM workshop, given that in this case the
brakes could fail.
The state of the brake’s flexible pipes and the thickness of the pads
must also be checked.
Check the free play and the smoothness of the front brake lever and
the rear brake pedal.
6 FLEXIBLE CABLE COMMANDS
Check the adjustment and correct working of all flexible cable
commands .
7 COOLANT
Check the level of coolant with cold engine. Top-up with the liquid
stated in the table, if necessary.
8 ELECTRICAL PLANT
With the engine running, check for the front headlight, the front and
rear position lights, the rear stopping light, the direction indicator
lights, the control lights and the horn.
9 LUGGAGE
Check that any luggage is well fixed.
ENGLISH
24
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
COLD ENGINE ST
AR
T
STAR
ART
1
2
3
4
Open the fuel tap (1).
Remove the motorcycle from the stand.
Put the gears in neutral.
Activate the choke command (2), which is located on the left side of
the motorcycle.
5 WITHOUT opening the throttle, press hardly the kickstarter DOWN
TO THE BOTTOM once or twice, or operate the electric starter.
6 Start to warm the engine by accelerating slightly for about 30 secs.
Disconnect the choke (2), which is situated on the left side of the
motorcycle.
DANGER
- ALWAYS WEAR STRONG MOTORCYCLE BOOTS WHEN STARTING UP
THE MOTORCYCLE TO PREVENT INJURY. YOU COULD SLIP OFF OF THE
PEDAL OR THE ENGINE COULD KICKBACK AND MAKE YOU KNOCK YOUR
FOOT VIOLENTLY.
- ALWAYS PRESS THE KICKSTARTER DOWN HARD WITHOUT
ACCELERATING. KICKSTARTING WITH LITTLE FORCE OR WITH OPENED
THROTTLE, INCREASES THE RISK OF ENGINE KICK BACK.
- DO NOT START THE ENGINE IN A CLOSED SPACE AND NEVER LEAVE IT
RUNNING IN CLOSED SPACES. THE EXHAUST FUMES ARE POISONOUS
AND MAY LEAD TO RISK OF UNCONSCIOUSNESS AND DEATH. WHEN THE
ENGINE IS RUNNING, ALWAYS ENSURE THERE IS SUFFICIENT VENTILATION.
- ALWAYS CHECK THAT THE GEAR IS IN NEUTRAL BEFORE OPERATING
THE STARTER BUTTON. IF A GEAR IS INSERTED WHEN STARTING THE
ENGINE, THE MOTORCYCLE WILL JUMP FORWARDS.
WARNING
- OPERATE THE STARTER FOR MAX. 5 SECONDS AT A TIME. WAIT ANOTHER
5 SECONDS BEFORE TRYING AGAIN.
- DO NOT ALLOW THE ENGINE REVS. TO INCREASE TOO MUCH WHILE THE
ENGINE IS COLD. THIS COULD DAMAGE THE ENGINE BECAUSE THE PISTON
HEATS UP AND CONSEQUENTLY, IT EXPANDS QUICKER THAN THE CYLINDER,
WHICH IS WATER-COOLED. ALWAYS WARM THE ENGINE AT A STANDSTILL
OR MOVE AT LOW REVS.
W ARM ENGINE ST
AR
T
STAR
ART
1
2
3
4
Open the fuel tap (1).
Remove the motorcycle from the stand
Insert the neutral gear.
WITHOUT opening the throttle, press hardly the kickstarter DOWN
TO THE BOTTOM once or twice, or operate the electric starter.
WARNING
- OPERATE THE STARTER MOTOR FOR MAX. 5 SECONDS AT A TIME. WAIT
ANOTHER 5 SECONDS BEFORE TRYING AGAIN.
25
ENGLISH
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
IF THE ENGINE IS “FLOODED”
In the event of a fall, a certain amount of fuel can flow out of the caburetor
and enter the head, “flooding” the engine.
To start the engine, pull the “hot start” knob or turn the “hot start” lever
(1).
WITHOUT opening the throttle push hardly the kickstart pedal DOWN
TO THE BOTTOM once or twice or operate the electric starter.
On models with a manual decompressor, to eliminate the excess fuel
from the engine, pull the manual decompressor lever and operate the
kickstart pedal 5 -10 times or the electric starter button respectively
twice for 5 seconds. Start the engine as previously described. If
necessary, remove the spark plug and dry it.
WARNING: The carburetor has an accelerator pump. Every time that
you open the throttle,with the engine running or switched off, a quantity
of fuel is sprayed into the inlet tract. If this operation is carried out with
the engine switched off, it causes flooding of the engine, with the
consequent starting difficulties and a dangerous distribution of fuel.
NEVER TURN THE THROTTLE WHEN THE ENGINE IS NOT RUNNING
IF NOT STRICTLY NECESSARY. IN ANY CASE DO IT ONLY ONCE AND
NEVER REPEATEDLY!
BIKE ST
AR
TING
STAR
ARTING
Pull the clutch lever, insert the first gear, release the clutch lever slowly,
accelerating at the same time.
DANGER
BEFORE STARTING, ALWAYS CHECK THAT THE SIDE STAND HAS BEEN
LIFTED. IF THE STAND SLIDES ALONG THE GROUND YOU COULD LOOSE
THE CONTROL OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
SHIFTING GEAR, ACCELERA
TING
CCELERATING
TING,,
SLOWING DOWN
1st gear, which should be selected, is the pulling away and ascent
gear. If the circumstances permit (speed limits, traffic, slopes), to
increase speed, insert higher gears. To do this, close the throttle, pull
the clutch lever at the same time, insert the successive gear, release
the clutch and accelerate up to 1/2 turn of the throttle. Then insert the
following gear and repeat this operation until the desired speed is
reached and however, permitted by the limits in force.
Gradual opening of the accelerator favours careful driving and limits
consumption. Learn the correct opening of the throttle on the basis of
the pace at which you want the motorcycle to move.
To reduce speed, the throttle must be closed. Brake and shift down
the gears, pulling the clutch lever and inserting a lower gear. Release
the clutch slowly and accelerate or change gear again . Always increase
or change down the gears one at a time!
ENGLISH
26
1
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
INDICATION:
All TM models do not have a radiator cooling fan and the radiator
dimensions have been studied to optimise compactness and weight.
The cooling system is sufficient for touristic or sports use.
If you want to use an additional cooling fan contact a TM authorised
dealer.
- TM MODELS CAN BE RE-STARTED AT ANY TIME BY KICK OR WITH
THE ELECTRIC STARTER. SWITCH THE ENGINE OFF WHEN YOU
INTEND TO KEEP THE MOTORCYCLE AT A STANDSTILL FOR MORE
THAN 2 MINUTES.
DANGER
- AFTER EVERY FALL, THE MOTORCYCLE MUST BE CONTROLLED IN THE
SAME WAY AS BEFORE EVERY START-UP .
- A DEFORMED HANDLEBAR MUST ALWAYS BE REPLACED. NEVER
STRAIGHTEN THE HANDLEBAR AS IT COULD LOOSE ITS STRENGTH.
WARNING
- USE OF THE ENGINE AT A HIGH NUMBER OF REVS WHEN IT IS COLD,
NEGATIVELY AFFECTS THE DURATION OF THE ENGINE. BEFORE USING THE
MOTORCYCLE AT FULL WORKING CONDITIONS, IT IS BETTER TO WARM IT
ADEQUATELY BY DRIVING AT AN AVERAGE SPEED. THE ENGINE HAS
REACHED ITS WORKING TEMPERATURE AS SOON AS THE RADIATORS
BECOME HOT.
- NEVER SHIFT DOWN A GEAR WITHOUT HAVING FIRST SLOWED DOWN. THE
ENGINE WOULD BE TAKEN TO AN EXCESSIVE NUMBER OF REVS AND THE
VALVES AND OTHER ENGINE COMPONENTS WOULD BE DAMAGED. THE
REAR WHEEL COULD ALSO LOCK, LEADING TO LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE
VEHICLE.
- IF THERE ARE ABNORMAL VIBRATIONS DURING FUNCTIONING, CHECK THAT
THE SCREW FASTENERS ARE TIGHTENED WELL.
- IF STRANGE NOISES ARE HEARD DURING DRIVING, STOP IMMEDIATELY,
SWITCH THE ENGINE OFF AND CONTACT A TM AUTHORISED DEALER.
27
ENGLISH
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
BRAKING
Close the throttle and brake at the same time progressively with the
front and rear brakes. Insert a lower gear depending on speed. On
dusty, wet or slippery surfaces, operate the brakes and change down
the gears gently without locking the wheels. Locking the wheels leads
to swerving or a fall.
When following long descending roads, make use of the engine’s
braking effect. To do this, insert the 1st or 2nd gear, without however
increasing the revs. excessively. In this way you will have to brake
much less and the brakes will not overheat.
DANGER
- IN CASE OF RAIN, AFTER WASHING THE MOTORCYCLE, AFTER
IMMERSION IN WATER OR TRAVELLING OVER WET GROUND, THE
BRAKING ACTION COULD BE DELAYED BECAUSE OF WET OR DIRTY
BRAKE DISCS.THE BRAKES MUST THEREFORE BE OPERATED
REPEATEDLY UNTIL THE DISCS ARE DRY AND CLEAN.
- THE BRAKING ACTION CAN ALSO BE DELAYED WHEN TRAVELLING ON
DIRTY ROADS OR ROADS COVERED WITH SALT. THE BRAKES MUST BE
OPERATED UNTIL THE DISCS ARE CLEAN.
- WHEN THE BRAKE DISCS ARE DIRTY THERE IS GREATER WEAR OF THE
PADS AND THE BRAKE DISCS THEMSELVES.
- AFTER USING THE BRAKES, THE DISC, THE PADS, THE CALIPERS AND
THE BRAKE FLUID HEAT UP. THE HOTTER THESE PARTS, THE LESS THE
BRAKING EFFECT. IN CASE OF OVERHEATING THE ENTIRE BRAKING
SYSTEM MAY NOT WORK.
- IF THE FORCE AT THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER OR BRAKE PEDAL IS MINIMAL,
THERE COULD BE A FAULT IN THE BRAKING SYSTEM. IN THIS CASE IT IS
A GOOD IDEA TO HAVE THE MOTORCYCLE CHECKED BY AN AUTHORISED
TM DEALER.
ST
OPPING AND P
ARKING
STOPPING
PARKING
Stop the motorcycle and shift into neutral. To switch the motorcycle off,
press, at normal minimum revs, the engine stop switch until the engine
has stopped, or the red emergency shutdown button. In this case, it is
advised to leave the red button in this way until the engine is started
again.Close the fuel tap, park on solid ground and lock the motorcycle
using the steering lock.
.
DANGER
MOTORCYCLES PRODUCE A LOT OF HEAT DURING WORKING. THE ENGINE,
RADIATORS, EXHAUST SYSTEM, BRAKE DISCS AS WELL AS SHOCK
ABSORBERS CAN ALL BECOME VERY HOT. NEVER TOUCH THESE PARTS
WHEN DRIVING AND AFTER HAVING SWITCHED THE ENGINE OFF, PARK THE
MOTORCYCLE IN A WAY THAT PEDESTRIANS CANNOT TOUCH THEM AND
BE BURNED.
WARNING
- NEVER SWITCH THE ENGINE OFF USING THE DECOMPRESSOR LEVER, BUT
USE THE ENGINE STOP SWITCH OR THE EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN BUTTON.
- THE FUEL TAP MUST ALWAYS BE CLOSED WHEN THE MOTORCYCLE IS
PARKED. IF IT IS NOT CLOSED, THE FUEL COULD RUN OUT INTO THE
CARBURETOR AND PENETRATE THE ENGINE, FLOODING IT.
- NEVER PARK WITH THE ENGINE RUNNING OR PARK THE MOTORCYLE IN
PLACES WHERE THERE IS THE RISK OF FIRE DUE TO DRY GRASS OR OTHER
EASILY INFLAMMABLE MATERIALS.
ENGLISH
28
INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
FOR USE
USE
INDICATIONS REGARDING THE SIDE STAND:
Push the stand forward until it stops and lean the motorcycle on it.
Ensure that the ground is solid and the parking position is stable. For
greater safety insert the 1st gear.
WARNING
THE SIDE STAND IS DESIGNED ONLY FOR THE WEIGHT OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
NEVER SIT ON THE MOTORCYCLE WHEN IT IS RESTING ON THE SIDE STAND,
OTHERWISE THE STAND MAY BE DAMAGED AND THE MOTORCYCLE CAN
FALL.
FUEL
TM engines require super unleaded fuel with at least 95 RON.
WARNING
FILL THE TANK WITH UNLEADED FUEL WITH A MINIMUM OCTANE NUMBER OF
95. NEVER USE FUEL WITH AN OCTANE NUMBER LOWER THAN 95, BECAUSE
THIS WOULD DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
DANGER
FUEL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE AND TOXIC. HANDLE FUEL WITH GREAT
CARE. DO NOT FILL-UP WITH FUEL NEAR TO FLAMES OR CIGARETTES.
ALWAYS SWITCH THE ENGINE OFF WHEN FILLING UP WITH FUEL. NEVER
POUR FUEL ONTO THE ENGINE OR ONTO THE EXHAUST PIPE. IF ANY FUEL
IS ACCIDENTLY POURED ONTO THESE PARTS, DRY IT IMMEDIATELY USING
A CLOTH. IF FUEL IS SWALLOWED OR SPRAYED INTO THE EYES, SEEK
MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY.
Fuel expands when heated. Therefore, never fill the tank completely
with high environmental temperatures.
29
ENGLISH
ENGLISH
30
31
ENGLISH
MAINTEN
ANCE AND L
UBRICA
TION TABLE
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICA
UBRICATION
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION TABLE
250/450/530
O
RO
250/450/530 END/SMR/SMM
END/SMR/SMM R
R
OAD/HOBBY
AD/HOBBY USE
USE
RO
A
A CLEAN
CLEAN VEHICLE
VEHICLE PERMITS
PERMITS QUICKER
QUICKER AND
AND THEREFORE
THEREFORE CHEAPER
CHEAPER INSPECTIONS
INSPECTIONS
ENGINE
Replacement of engine oil, cartridge oil filter
Clean of drain bolt
Check conditions and and unbent positioning of rubber pipes
•
•
•
Check of the timing chain
•
Check tightness of engine fastening screws
CARBURETOR
1ST SERVICE
EVERY 30 HOURS
AFTER 3 HOURS
OR
OR
150 LT. OF FUEL
15 LT. OF FUEL
Check fixing for carburetor to engine and filter case
•
•
•
Check idle speed adjustment
Check conditions and unbent positioning of vent pipes
Check for leaks of the cooling system and coolant level
Check for leaks and tightness of all oil drain screws
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SERVICES
Check conditions, smoothness and unbent positioning, of all pipes and cables
adjustment and lubrication of throttle and decompressor cables
Check fluid level in the hydraulic brake and clutch reservoirs
•
•
Clean filter case and air filter
Check conditions and unbent positioning of cables
Check headlamp orientation
Check electric system (head light, high-beam, stop, indicators,
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
BRAKES
lights, horn, safety button/switch)
Check brake fluid level, pad thickness, brake discs
Check conditions of brake hoses
Check functionality, adjustment, smoothness and free play of front brake lever and brake pedal
Check brake hoses screws tightness
CYCLE PART
Check for leaks and working of shock absorber and forks
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean dust screen
Bleed fork leg
Check rear suspension mechanical linkage screw tightness
Check and adjustment of steering bearings
Check tightness of chassis screws (fork clamps, fork legs, wheels axles nuts and screws, rear
fork axle, shock absorber)
WHEELS
Check spoke tension and trueness of rims
Check tyre conditions and pressure
Check chain wear, chain link, sprockets, chain tension
Chain lubrication
Check wheel bearing play
OTHER IMPORTANT MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS RECCOMMENDED EVERY YEAR
EVERY YEAR
Complete fork maintenance
Complete shock absorber maintenance
Cleaning and greasing of steering bearings and related sealing elements
Cleaning and tuning of the carburetor
Replacement of silencer packing material
Treatment of electric contacts and switches with contact spray
Treatment of battery connections with contact grease
Replacement of hydraulic clutch fluid
Replacement of brake fluid
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The distance between maintenance intervals should not be exceeded by more than 2hours or 15 litres.
THE MAINTENANCE CARRIED OUT BY THE AUTHORISED TM DEALER DOES NOT REPLACE THE CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE
CARRIED OUT BY THE RIDER .
ENGLISH
32
MAINTEN
ANCE AND L
UBRICA
TION TABLE
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICA
UBRICATION
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION TABLE
250/450/530
END/MX/SMX
250/450/530 END/MX
END/MX/SMX
/SMX 660
660 SMX
SMX COMPETITION
COMPETITION USE
USE
A CLEAN VEHICLE PERMITS QUICKER AND THEREFORE CHEAPER INSPECTIONS
•
•
•
ENGINE
Replacement of engine oil, cartridge oil filter
Clean of drain bolt
Check condition and unbent positioning of rubber pipes
Check of timing chain
Check and adjustment of valve clearance
•
Check tightness of engine fastening screws
CARBURETOR
1ST SERVICE
AFTER 2 HOURS
OR
12 LT. OF FUEL
Check fasteners for carburetor to engine and filter case
•
•
•
Check idle speed adjustment
Check conditions and unbent positioning of vent pipes
Check for leaks of the cooling system and coolant level
Check for leaks and screws tightness of the all exhaust system
SERVICES
Check conditions, smoothness and unbent positioning, adjustment and lub. of command cables
•
Replacement of silencer packing material
•
Check fluid level in the hydraulic clutch reservoir
Cleaning of filter case and air filter
Check conditions and unbent positioning of cables
Check head light orientation (END)
Check electric system (head light, high beam, stop, indicators, lights, horn - END version), safety
•
EVERY
COMPETITION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
BRAKES
button/switch
Check brake fluid level, pad thickness, brake discs
Check conditions of brake hoses
Check functionality, adjustment, smoothness and free play of front brake lever and brake pedal
Check brake hoses screws tightness
CYCLE PART
Check for leaks and working of shock absorber and forks
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean dust screen
Bleed fork legs
Check rear suspension mechanical linkage screw tightness
Check and adjustment of steering bearings
Check tightness of chassis screws and bolts (fork clamps, fork legs, wheel axles nuts and screws,
rear fork axle, shock absorber)
WHEELS
Check spoke tension and trueness of rims
Check tyre condition and pressure
Check chain wear, chain link, sprockets and guides, chain tension
Chain lubrication
Check wheel bearing play
OTHER IMPORTANT MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS RECCOMMENDED EVERY 3 COMPETITIONS
EVERY 3
RACES
Complete fork maintenance
Complete shock absorber maintenance
Cleaning and greasing of steering bearings and related sealing elements
Cleaning and tuning of the carburetor
Treatment of electric contacts and switches with contact spray
Treatment of battery connections with contact grease
Replacement of hydraulic clutch fluid
Replacement of brake fluid
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The distance between maintenance intervals should not be exceeded by more than 2hours or 15 litres.
THE MAINTENANCE CARRIED OUT BY THE AUTHORISED TM DEALER DOES NOT REPLACE THE CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE
CARRIED OUT BY THE RIDER .
33
ENGLISH
ANCE AND L
UBRICA
TION TABLE
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICA
UBRICATION
MAINTEN
BRIEF CHECK AND MAINTEN
ANCE OPERA
TIONS TO BE PERFORMED BY THE RIDER/PIL
OT
MAINTENANCE
OPERATIONS
RIDER/PILO
BEFORE EVERY
ST
AR
T UP
STAR
ART
AFTER
AFTER EVERY
OFF-THE-ROAD
WASH
USE
•
•
•
•
•
Check engine oil level
Check brake fluid level
Check brake pad wear
Check light system (if present)
Check horn (if present)
•
Lubrication and adjustment of command cables
Bleed fork legs
Disassembly and cleaning of the dust shields
•
Cleaning, lubrication and tension check of final transmission chain
Cleaning filter case and air filter
•
•
•
Check tyre pressure and wear
Check coolant level
Check fuel pipe for leaks
•
Cleaning of caburetor and jets for dirt and water removal
•
•
Check smoothness of all command elements
Check braking effect
Treatment of bright metal parts (apart from brake and exhaust system ) with anti-corrosives
Treatment of ignition switch/steering lock with contact spray
•
•
•
•
Check correct tightness of all screws, nuts and clamps
ENGLISH
•
•
•
•
34
MAINTEN
ANCE AND L
UBRICA
TION TABLE
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICA
UBRICATION
CHECKS TO BE CARRIED OUT ON ENGINE 250/450/530 END/MX/SMX
COMPETITION USE
15 HOURS OF SER
VICE EQ U AL ABOUT 100 L
T.
SERVICE
LT
OF FUEL CONSUMPTION
30
HOURS
200 LT.
Check cylinder and piston wear
Check piston pin (visual check)
Check camshaft and valve lifters wear (visual check)
Check camshaft supports
•
Check timing chain (besides the one to be done in every race)
Check and adjust valve clearance
Check valve spring length
Check upper and lower spring retainers wear
Check valve cotters and valve stems
Check valve guide wear
Check valve sealing
Check automatic decompressor working
Check head and cylinder surfaces
Check engine crankshaft for trueness
Replace conrod, axle and roller cage
Check small end for marking/damage to plating
Check oil pump and lubrication circuit
Replacement of main bearings
•
Check complete gearbox including drum and forks
Check clutch plate wear
•
Check length of clutch springs
45
HOURS
300 LT.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
60
HOURS
400 LT.
•
•
•
660 SMX
90
HOURS
600 LT.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
120
HOURS
800 LT.
135
HOURS
900 LT.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
WARNING
IF, AFTER CHECKING, IT IS DETECTED THAT THE WEAR LIMITS OF A SINGLE COMPONENT HAVE BEEN EXCEEDED, THE COMPONENT MUST BE
REPLACED.
THE INSTALLATION OF AN HOUR-COUNTER INSTRUMENT IS ADVISED.
THE ABOVE-MENTIONED OPERATIONS MUST BE CARRIED OUT BY AN AUTHORISED TM WORKSHOP.
35
ENGLISH
MAINTEN
ANCE AND L
UBRICA
TION TABLE
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICA
UBRICATION
CHECKS TO BE CARRIED OUT ON ENGINE 250/450/530 END/SMR/SMM
ROAD/HOBBY USE
20 HOURS OF SER
VICE EQ
U AL ABOUT 100 L
T.
SERVICE
EQU
LT
OF FUEL CONSUMPTION
60
HOURS
300 LT.
90
HOURS
450 LT.
Check cylinder and piston wear
Check piston pin (visual check)
Check camshaft and valve lifters wear (visual check)
Check camshaft supports
•
•
Check timing chain (after a 30-hour check)
Check and adjust valve clearance
•
Check spring valve length
Check upper and lower spring retainers wear
Check valve cotters and valve stem
Check valve guide wear
Check valve sealing
•
Check automatic decompressor working
Check head and cylinder surfaces
Check engine cranshaft for trueness
Replace conrod, axle and roller cage
Check small end for marking/damage to plating
Check oil pump and lubrication circuit
Replacement of main bearings
Check complete gearbox including drum and forks
•
•
Check clutch plate wear
Check length of clutch springs
120
HOURS
600 LT.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
180
HOURS
900 LT.
•
•
•
•
240
HOURS
1200 LT.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
270
HOURS
1350 LT.
•
•
WARNING
IF, AFTER CHECKING, IT IS DETECTED THAT THE WEAR LIMITS OF A SINGLE COMPONENT HAVE BEEN EXCEEDED, THE COMPONENT MUST BE
REPLACED.
THE ISTALLATION OF AN HOUR-COUNTER INSTRUMENT IS ADVISED.
THE ABOVE-MENTIONED OPERATIONS MUST BE CARRIED OUT BY AN AUTHORISED TM WORKSHOP.
ENGLISH
36
37
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DANGER
ALL MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT OPERATIONS THAT ARE MARKED WITH (A) REQUIRE TECHNICAL MASTERY. FOR THIS REASON IT
IS IN THE INTEREST OF YOUR SAFETY TO HAVE THESE OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT EXCLUSIVELEY BY A SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP
WHERE YOUR MOTORCYCLE WILL BE MAINTAINED IN AN OPTIMAL MANNER BY SPECIFICALLY TRAINED STAFF.
WARNING
- IF POSSIBLE, DO NOT USE HIGH PRESSURE JETS WHEN WASHING THE MOTORCYCLE BECAUSE THE WATER COULD PENETRATE INTO THE
BEARINGS, THE CARBURETOR, ELECTRIC CONNECTORS, ETC.
- WHEN TRANSPORTING YOUR TM, ENSURE THAT IT IS WELL-HELD IN A VERTICAL POSITION USING BELTS OR OTHER MECHANICAL FIXING
DEVICES AND ENSURE THAT THE FUEL TAP IS SWITCHED OFF. IF THE MOTORCYCLE SHOULD FALL, FUEL COULD ESCAPE FROM THE
CABURETOR OR TANK.
- TO FIX THE SHROUDS TO THE TANK ONLY USE THE SPECIAL SCREWS WITH THE CORRECT LENGTH OF THREAD FOR TM BIKES. IF YOU USE
DIFFERENT SCREWS OR LONGER SCREWS, THE TANK COULD BE DAMAGED WITH CONSEQUENT FUEL LEAK.
- DO NOT USE NOTCHED WASHERS OR SPRING WASHERS FOR THE ENGINE FASTENING SCREWS , BECAUSE THEY COULD PENETRATE INTO
PARTS OF THE FRAME AND LOOSEN CONTINUALLY. USE SELF-LOCKING NUTS.
- LEAVE THE MOTORCYCLE TO COOL BEFORE STARTING ANY MAINTENANCE. THIS WILL PREVENT BURNS.
- DISPOSE OF OILS, GREASES , FILTERS, FUELS, DETERGENTS, ETC. IN A REGULAR MANNER. COMPLY WITH THE RESPECTIVE REGULATIONS OF
YOUR COUNTRY.
- DISPOSE OF WASTE OIL IN A REGULAR MANNER ! NEVER POUR OLD OIL INTO DRAINS OR RIVERS.
CHECK OF
AND PLA
Y
PLAY
STEERING BEARINGS
ADJUSTMENT (A)
Periodically check the play of the steering bearings. For the check, lift
the front wheel and shake the fork forward and backwards. For
adjustment, loosen the four M8 screws (1) and nut (2) of the head of
the fork and act on the ring nut (3), tightening it until there is no more
play. Do not tighten the ring nut further to prevent damage to the
bearings. Tighten the fork head nut and successively the four M8 screws
to20 Nm.
Check for a smooth steering.
DANGER
IF THE STEERING BEARINGS DO NOT HAVE THE CORRECT CLEARANCE,
THE BEHAVIOUR ON THE ROAD WILL BE IRREGULAR AND YOU COULD
LOOSE CONTROL OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
WARNING
MAKING LONG JOURNEYS WITH INCORRECT STEERING BEARINGS
ADJUSTMENT, YOU RISK TO DAMAGE THE BEARINGS AND THEIR SEATS IN
THE FRAME.
The steering bearings should be re-greased at least once a year.
ENGLISH
38
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
TELESCOPIC FORK VENT SCREWS
Every 5 hours of use in competitions loosen the vent screws (1) by a
few turns, so allowing the release of any air-pressure from inside the
fork. Instead of a screw, Marzocchi fork features a tyre valve (3), which is
protected by a rubber bulb (4). Remove the rubber bulb and press
gently the valve stem.
Before operating on the screws or on the valve, lift the motorcycle onto
the stand in a way that the front wheel does not touch the ground. If the
motorcycle is used mainly on roads, it is sufficient only to carry out this
operation during periodical maintenance.
1
1
WARNING
VERY HIGH PRESSURE INSIDE THE FORK CAN CAUSE THE FORK TO LEAK. IF
YOUR FORK PRESENTS A LEAK, LOOSEN THE VENT SCREWS BEFORE HAVING
THE SEALING ELEMENTS REPLACED.
3
4
CLEANING OF TELESCOPIC FORK DUST
SCRAPER
The dust scraper (2) must scrape the dust and dirt from the fork rods.
However, after some time, dirt may also reach behind the dust scrapers.
If the dirt is not removed, the oil seal units, which are found behind,
may leak.
Use a screwdriver to lever the dust scraper from the outside legs and
push it downwards.
2
Clean the dust scraper, the outside legs and the rods carefully. Oil
them well with silicone spray or with engine oil. Finally, push the dust
scraper manually into the outside legs.
39
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
BASIC CALIBRA
TION OF THE CY
CLE P
AR
T ON
CALIBRATION
CYCLE
PAR
ART
THE BASIS OF THE PILOT’S WEIGHT
To obtain optimal driving features of the motorcycle and to prevent
damage to the fork, rear shock, rear swing arm and frame, it is
necessary that the basic calibration of the suspension is adapted to
your body weight. In the delivery status, the off-road TM motorcycles are
calibrated on a pilot weight (with complete protective clothing) of 70 –
80 kg. If your weight is not within these values, you must adequately
adapt the basic calibration of the suspensions. Minor weight changes
can be compensated by varying the spring pre-load. For greater
variations, suitable springs rates must be used.
SHOCK CALIBRA
TION AND SPRING CHECK
CALIBRATION
If the rear shock spring is suitable for your weight, it can be seen by
lowering in running order. However, before establishing the lowering
in running order, static lowerIng must be adjusted correctly.
EST
ABLISHING REAR SHOCK ST
ATIC L
OWERING
ESTABLISHING
STA
LO
The static lowering should be35 mm. Variations of more than 2 mm can
notably influence driving of the motorcycle.
Procedure:
- Position the motorcycle on a stand so that the rear wheel does not
touch the ground.
- Measure the distance between the rear wheel axle and a fixed point
(e.g.. a mark on the side panel) paying attention that the straight line
that joins the axle and the fixed point is as perpendicular as possible
to the ground and make note of the value as A.
- Rest the motorcycle back on the ground.
- Ask a helper to hold the motorcycle in a vertical position.
- Measure the distance between the rear wheel axle and the fixed
point again. Make note of this measurement as B.
- The static lowering is the difference between measurement A and B.
EXAMPLE:
Motorcycle on stand (measurement A)………………........... 600 m m
Motorcycle on the ground, not loaded (measurement B) .. - 565 m m
Static lowering ……………………………................................. 35 m m
If thestatic lowering is smaller, the rear shock spring pre-load must be
decreased. If the static lowering is greater, the spring pre-load must
be increased. See variation of rear shock spring pre-load chapter.
ENGLISH
40
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
EST
ABLISHING REAR SHOCK L
O WERING IN
ESTABLISHING
LO
RUNNING ORDER
- Now, with the help of a person who holds the motorcycle, sit on the
motorcycle wearing all protective clothing (with feet on the footrests)
and rock up and down a few times to normalise the set-up of the
rear suspension.
- A third person must then measure the distance between the same
points, with the motorcycle loaded and note this measurement as C.
- Lowering in running order is the difference between measurements
A and C.
EXAMPLE:
Motorcycle on stand (measurement A). …………...…….... 600 m m
Motorcycle on the ground loaded with the pilot’s weight
(measurement C) ......................................................................... - 510 mm
Lowering in running order................ …………………........... 90 m m
Lowering in running order should be 90÷105 mm.
If lowering in running order is less than 90 mm, the spring is too hard
(spring rate too high).
If the lowering exceeds 105 mm, the spring is too soft (spring rate too
low).
The spring rate is indicated on the outside of the spring wire.
After mounting a different spring,static lowering must be adjusted again
to 35 mm (± 2 mm).
According to our experience, the dampening grade in compression
can remain unvaried. With a softer spring, the dampening grade in
rebound can be reduced by some clicks, with an harder spring,
increased by some clicks.
CHECK TELESCOPIC FORK BASIC
CALIBRA
TION
CALIBRATION
For several reasons, the exact lowering in running order of the telescopic
fork can not be established. Small variations in body weight can be
compensated, as for the rear shock, through the spring pre-load. If
your telescopic fork, however, lowers completely, it is necessary to use
an higher rate fork spring to prevent damage to the telescopic fork and
frame.
VARIA
TION OF TELESCOPIC FORK PRE-L
OAD
ARIATION
PRE-LO
To vary the spring pre-load on these telescopic forks, it is necessary to
disassemble them partially (see specific manual of the fork mounted
on the motorcycle). It is possible to add pre-load spacers. The fork
springs however, can be pre-loaded to a max. of 20 mm.
41
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
REPLACEMENT OF FORK SPRINGS
If your body weight is less than 70 kg or exceeds 80 kg, adequate fork
springs must be used.
If you are in doubt or have any questions, please contact your authorised
TM dealer.
According to our experience, the dampening grade in compression
can remain unvaried. With a softer spring, the dampening grade in
rebound can be reduced by some clicks, with a harder spring, increased
by some clicks.
WARNING
FOR FURTHER AND MORE DETAILED INFORMATION REGARDING THE
STANDARD AND OPTIONAL FORK, REFER TO THE INSTRUCTION BOOK
SUPPLIED BY THE MANUFACTURER OF THE FORK AND GIVEN BY TM
ACCOMPANYING THE MOTORCYCLE.
VARIA
TION OF REAR SHOCK SPRING PREL
OAD
ARIATION
PRELO
The pre-loading of the spring can be varied by turning the adjustment
ring (5). With this aim, it is advised to disassemble the rear shock and
clean it well.
INDICATION:
- Before varying the spring pre-load you should make note of te basic
adjustment - for example how many thread turns are visible above
the adjustment ring nut.
- By 1 turn of the adjustment ring 5) the spring pre-load varies by 1.5
mm.
Loosen the lock ring nut (6) and turn the adjustment ring nut. By turning
it anti-clockwise (viewed from top) the pre-load decreases, by turning it
clockwise the pre-load increases.
After the adjustment, tighten the lock ring nut (6).
REAR SUSPENSION MECHANICAL LINKAGE
The rear suspension of all TM motorcycles has a link-rod and rocker
mechanism that progressively changes the lever relationship between
the wheel and the rear shock.
This mechanism works on bearings, which must be cleaned and
greased at the envisioned intervals to maintain the working of the
suspension efficient.
When cleaning the motorcycle with high pressure cleaning devices,
do not aim the jet completely onto the suspension mechanical linkage.
ENGLISH
42
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK CHAIN TENSION
Put the motorcycle onto the central stand to control chain tension.
Push the chain upwards to the end of the drive chain slider.
The upper part of the chain (A) must be taught (see photo). The distance
between the chain and rear fork must be about. 10-15 mm. Adjust the
tension, if necessary.
DANGER
- IF THE CHAIN IS TOO TIGHT , THE FINAL TANSMISSION COMPONENTS
(CHAIN, GEARBOX AND REAR WHEEL BEARINGS) ARE GREATLY
STRESSED. AS WELL AS A PREMATURE WEAR, IN EXTREME SITUATIONS
THE CHAIN OR GEARBOX DRIVEN SHAFT MAY BREAK.
- IF, HOWEVER, CHAIN TENSION IS INSUFFICIENT, IT CAN EXIT FROM THE
SPROCKET AND LOCK THE REAR WHEEL OR DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
- IN BOTH CASES IT IS EASY TO LOOSE CONTROL OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
ADJUSTMENT OF CHAIN TENSION
(ALL MODELS EXCEPT SMM)
4
Loosen the wheel axle nut (1), loosen the counter-nuts (2) and turn the
adjustment bolts (3) to the left and to the right by the same amount. To
increase chain tension, unscrew the adjustment bolts. To decrease
chain tension, screw the adjustment bolts. Reach correct chain tension.
For correct alignment of the rear wheel, the marks (4) on the right and
left chain-tensioner must aligned with respect to the reference markings
(5). Tighten the adjustment screw counter-nuts. Before locking the
wheel axle nut, check that the chain-tensioners (6) are laying on the
heads of the adjustment bolts and that the rear wheel is aligned with
the front wheel.
Tighten the wheel axle nut to 80 Nm.
1
5
3
6
2
ATTENTION
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A DYNAMOMETRIC WRENCH FOR ASSEMBLING, HAVE
THE TIGHTENING TORQUE CHECKED BY A SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP AS
SOON AS POSSIBLE.
A LOOSE WHEEL AXLE MAY CAUSE UNSTABLE DRIVING OF THE
MOTORCYCLE.
43
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
ADJUSTMENT OF CHAIN TENSION (SMM)
Loosen both the locking screws(7) of the rear eccentric hub in a way
that the hub itself can turn around its axis.
Using the relevant TM tool, code F50806 (8), turn the hub until correct
chain tension is reached. Tighten the two locking screws to 30 Nm.
Since the movement is an eccentric system, alignment of the rear
wheel is unvaried and no further adjustment is required.
At the same time, by turning the hub a slight variation in the height of
the rear wheel axle may be verified and consequently of the rear part of
the motorcycle. It is possible to compensate this, by varying the
projection of the fork legs from the upper clamp.
For example, if the motorcycle, by effect of chain adjustment, has lifted
by 5mm. at the rear, it is advised to decrease the projection of the fork
rods by about 5mm. to also raise the front and restore the original
levelling of the motorcycle.
It is advised to use the TM tool, code F50806, pairing with two M8
screws and two nuts to turn the hub inserting the two screws into the
two holes in the hub itself.
ATTENTION
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE SUITABLE EXPERIENCE, IT IS ADVISED TO HAVE THE
OPERATION CARRIED OUT BY A SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP.
CHAIN MAINTENANCE
Chain duration depends most of all on maintenance. Chains without
O-rings must be regularly cleaned with petroleum and then immersed
in warm chain oil or treated with chain spray. Maintenance of chains
with O-rings is reduced to a minimum. The best cleaning method is
using lots of water. Never use brushes or solvents to clean the chain.
When the chain is dry, use a chain spray that is especially suitable for
chains with O-rings.
DANGER
DO NOT ALLOW THE LUBRICANT TO REACH THE REAR TYRE OR THE BRAKE
DISC, OTHERWISE ADHERENCE TO THE GROUND OF THE REAR WHEEL AND
REAR BRAKE ACTION COULD BE NOTABLY REDUCED AND IT COULD BE
EASY TO LOOSE CONTROL OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
WARNING
ON MOUNTING THE CHAIN SPLIT LINK, THE CLOSED PART MUST BE IN THE
DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT.
Always check both engine and rear wheel sprockets and drive slider
for wear. If necessary, replace these parts.
ENGLISH
44
7
8
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHAIN WEAR
To check chain wear follow carefully the instructions given below :
put the gear into neutral, pull the upper part of the chain in an upward
direction with a force of 10 - 15 kilogrammes (see figure). Now, measure
the distance of 18 links on the lower part of the chain. If the distance
exceeds 272 mm it is advised to replace the chain. The chains are not
always worn in a even way. For this reason the measurement must be
taken in different points on the chain.
INDICATION:
When a new chain is mounted, also replace the sprockets. A new
chain wears more quickly on old and worn sprockets.
WARNING
WHEN THE CHAIN SPROCKETS ARE REPLACED, IT IS ADVISED TO MOUNT NEW
SELF-LOCKING NUTS AND TO TIGHTEN WITH CROSS SEQUENCE.
TIGHTENING TORQUE AT NUTS 35 NM.
BASIC INDICA
TIONS FOR TM
INDICATIONS
DISC BRAKES
CALIPERS :
The mounting system of the calipers of these models is “floating”, i.e
they are not rigidly joined to their support. The lateral compensation
always allows the pads to work in the best way on the discs. The brake
caliper fastening screws must be assembled using Loctite 243 and
tightened at 25 Nm.
The front calipers of the SMR/SMM/SMX models are an exception as
they are fixed-type.
PADS:
The minimum thickness of the friction material cannot go under the
limit of 1mm.
In case of replacement, it is advised always to use TM original spare
parts for your motorcycle.
BRAKE DISCS:
With wear the thickness of the brake disc is reduced in the contact area
of the pads (1). In the thinnest point (A) the brake disc may present
max. wear of 0.4 mm with respect to original thickness. The original
thickness can be measured in point (B) outside of the contact area.
Check wear in different points.
A
B
1
DANGER
- BRAKE DISCS WITH WEAR EXCEEDING 0.4 MM ARE A RISK FOR SAFETY.
WHEN THE LIMIT OF WEAR HAS BEEN REACHED, HAVE THE BRAKE DISCS
REPLACED IMMEDIATELY.
- IT IS COMPULSORY TO HAVE THE BRAKE UNIT REPAIRED BY A TM
AUTHORISED WORKSHOP.
45
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIRS:
The front and rear brake liquid reservoirs are dimensioned in a way
that topping-up is not necessary even if the brake pads are worn. In
fact, when the pads are worn, the fluid in the hoses tends to occupy the
space left by the small pistons, which have moved so that the pads
always lay on the disc. If the level of brake fluid falls below the minimum
value, it indicates that there is a leak in the braking system or brake
pad wear is beyond accepted limits.
BRAKE FLUID:
The braking system is filled by TM with top-quality DOT 4 brake fluid.
We recommend that top-ups and complete replacement are carried
out using the same type of fluid (DOT 4).
DANGER
HAVE THE BRAKE FLUID REPLACED AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR. IF YOU WASH
THE MOTORCYCLE FREQUENTLY, IT SHOULD BE REPLACED MORE OFTEN.
THE BRAKE FLUID SOAKS WATER. IN OLD FLUID THEREFORE IT IS POSSIBLE
THAT STEAM BUBBLES FORM EVEN AT LOW TEMPERATURES AND THE
BRAKING SYSTEM DOES NOT WORK CORRECTLY.
FREE PLA
Y ADJUSTMENT OF THE
PLAY
FRONT BRAKE LEVER
OF
The free play of the front brake lever can be varied using the adjustment
screw (1). In this way the position of the pressure point (the resistance
that can be perceived at the front brake lever when the pads are pressed
against the brake discs) can be adjusted for any hand size.
WARNING
THE FREE PLAY OF THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER MUST BE AT LEAST 3 MM. ONLY
THEN, THE LEVER MUST START TO MOVE THE PISTON IN THE FRONT BRAKE
PUMP (PERCEIVABLE FROM THE GREATER RESISTANCE OF THE LEVER). IF
THIS EMPTY STROKE IS MISSING, PRESSURE IS FORMED IN THE BRAKING
SYSTEM AND THE CONSEQUENCE CAN BE LACK OF FUNCTIONING OF THE
FRONT WHEEL BRAKE DUE TO OVERHEATING OR BLOCKING OF THE WHEEL
ITSELF.
ENGLISH
46
DOT4
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK FRONT BRAKE FLUID LEVEL
The reservoir is part of the front brake pump positioned on the
handlebar and has an inspection window: with the tank in the horizontal
position, the fluid level must never fall below the centreline on the
inspection window.
The SMR/SMM/SMX models are an exception as they have an
independent transparent plastic tank .
Also in this case, the fluid level must never fall below half of the tank .
DANGER
IF THE LEVEL OF BRAKE LIQUID FALLS BELOW THE MINIMUM VALUE, IT
INDICATES A LEAK IN THE BRAKING SYSTEM OR CONSUMPTION OF BRAKE
PADS BEYOND THE ACCEPTED LIMITS.
3
TOP-UP FRONT BRAKE FLUID (A)
Remove the screws (2) and remove the lid (3) and the membrane (4).
Place the front brake pump in a horizontal position and top-up the
brake fluid to 5 mm below the upper edge of the container. Re-mount
membrane, lid and screws. Wash any spilled brake fluid away with
water.
Where the tank is separate, unscrew the cap and remove the membrane. Repeat the top-up operation as mentioned above.
Wash any spilled brake fluid away with water.
2
4
DANGER
- KEEP BRAKE FLUID OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
- BRAKE FLUID MAY IRRITATE THE SKIN. DO NOT ALLOW IT TO TOUCH
SKIN OR EYES. IF THE BRAKE FLUID SHOULD ACCIDENTLY SPRAY INTO
THE EYES, RINSE WELL WITH WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ASSISTANCE.
WARNING
- DO NOT ALLOW BRAKE FLUID TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH PAINTED
PARTS, THE BRAKE FLUID CORRODES PAINT.
- USE ONLY CLEAN BRAKE FLUID OUT OF A HERMETICALLY SEALED
CONTAINER.
CHECK FR
ONT BRAKE P
ADS
FRONT
PADS
min 1 mm
The brake pads can be checked from below. The thickness of the pad
friction material must not be less than1 mm.
DANGER
THE THICKNESS OF THE BRAKE PAD THICKNESS MATERIAL MUST NOT BE
LESS THAN 1 MM, OTHERWISE THERE COULD BE A FAULT IN THE BRAKES.
IN THE INTEREST OF YOUR SAFETY HAVE THE THE PADS REPLACED IN
TIME.
WARNING
IF THE BRAKE PADS ARE REPLACED TOO LATE AND ARE COMPLETELY WORN,
THE STEELPARTS OF THE PADS RUB ON THE DISC. THIS LEADS TO A NOTABLE
DECREASE IN THE BRAKING EFFECT AND DAMAGE OF THE BRAKE DISC.
47
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
REPLA
CEMENT OF FR
ONT BRAKE P
ADS (A)
REPLACEMENT
FRONT
PADS
FOR ALL MODELS WITH FLOATING CALIPER (END/MX)
Push the brake caliper towards the disc, in a way that the brake pistons
reach their base position. Remove the safety devices (1), extract the
pin (2) and remove the pads from the caliper. Use compressed air to
clean the brake caliper and the caliper support, check that the driving
pin seals are not damaged and, if necessary, grease them.
Mount the right brake pad and fix it with the pin. Mount the left brake pad
and insert the pin until it stops. Mount the safety devices. During
mounting of the pads, ensure that the protection sheet-steel in the
caliper support and the leaf spring are correctly positioned.
1
FOR ALL MODELS WITH FIXED CALIPER (SMR/SMM/SMX)
SMR/SMM - Unscrew the two M8 screws (1) and remove the caliper.
Lever the pads to allow the pistons go back into their seat then remove
the safety pin (2), slide the pin out (3) and then extract the pads, paying
attention to the laminated spring (4). Remount the new pads, the laminate, the pin and the safety retainer, then remount the caliper and
tighten the M8 screws at 25Nm.
2
SMX - Unscrew the two M10 screws (10) and remove the caliper from
the fork shoe. Press the two hooks one at a time (8) to release and
slide the retainer pins out (9). Lever on each pair of pads to allow the
pistons to go back to their seat. Extract the worn pads and insert the
new ones. Repeat the operation for the other pair of pads. Press the
two hooks down and re-insert the pins: make sure that they are fully
inserted , have their play and are correctly attached. Remount the caliper
and tighten the M10 screws at 40Nm.
4
3
1
2
WARNING
- FOR ALL MODELS: WHEN THE CALIPER PISTONS ARE PUSHED BACK TO
THEIR SEAT TO PROVIDE ROOM FOR THE NEW PADS, PAY ATTENTION THAT
THE FLUID CONTAINED IN THE RESERVOIR HAS THE SPACE TO EXPAND. DO
NOT WORK WITHOUT THE CAP MOUNTED, OTHERWISE THE FLUID COULD
OVERFLOW AND DAMAGE PARTS OF THE MOTORCYCLE.
10
DANGER
- THE BRAKE DISC MUST ALWAYS BE KEPT FREE FROM OIL AND GREASE.
OTHERWISE THE BRAKING EFFECT WOULD BE GREATLY REDUCED.
- AFTER MOUNTING, CHECK THAT THE SAFETY DEVICES ARE CORRECTLY
POSITIONED . AFTER EVERY INTERVENTION ON THE BRAKING SYSTEM
ACTIVATE THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER AND THE REAR BRAKE PEDAL TO
MAKE THE PADS ADHERE TO THE DISC AND TO RESTORE THE CORRECT
ADJUSTMENT OF PLAY.
ENGLISH
48
8
9
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
MODIFICATION OF REAR BRAKE PED
AL
PEDAL
BASE POSITION (A)
The base position of the rear brake pedal can be modified in the
following way: loosen counter-nut M6 (1) fork side, turn the adjustment
screws by acting on the hexagonal head (2). Once the ideal position
has been found, tighten the counter-nut.
The pedal free play is given by the stroke of the pump piston; check that
the pedal has a free play of about 1.5cm before starting to brake.
WARNING
IF THERE IS NO FREE PLAY, PRESSURE DEVELOPS IN THE BRAKING SYSTEM
AND CONSEQUENTLY THE REAR WHEEL IS BRAKED. THE BRAKING SYSTEM
OVERHEATS AND IN EXTREME CASE IT WILL NOT WORK.
CHECK REAR BRAKE FLUID LEVEL
ALL THE MODELS
The reservoir for the rear disc brake fluid is incorporated into the rear
brake pump. When the motorcycle is in a vertical position, the level
must always be over half way on the window (3) positioned on the body
of the pump.
DANGER
IF THE LEVEL OF THE BRAKE FLUID FALLS BELOW THE MINIMUM LEVEL,
IT INDICATES A LEAK IN THE BRAKING SYSTEM OR COMPLETE
CONSUMPTION OF THE BRAKE PADS.
TOP-UP REAR BRAKE FLUID (A)
ALL THE MODELS
As soon as the level of rear brake fluid reaches the centreline on the
window situated on the pump, it must be topped-up. Unscrew the two
screws (4) and remove the lid. Top-up with DOT4 brake fluid to the top
of the window. Remount the lid and tighten the screws.
Wash any spilled brake fluid away with water
DANGER
- NEVER USE DOT5 BRAKE FLUID! IT IS A PURPLE SILICONE OIL-BASED
BRAKE FLUID. IT REQUIRES THE USE OF SPECIAL SEALS AND HOSES
- KEEP THE BRAKE FLUID OUT OF CHIDREN’S REACH.
- THE BRAKE FLUID CAN IRRITATE THE SKIN. DO NOT ALLOW IT TO TOUCH
THE SKIN OR EYES. IF THE BRAKE FLUID SHOULD SPRAY INTO THE EYES
RINSE WELL WITH WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION
WARNING
- DO NOT ALLOW BRAKE FLUID TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH PAINTED
PARTS. BRAKE FLUID CORRODES PAINT !
- USE ONLY CLEAN BRAKE FLUID FROM A HERMETICALLY SEALED
CONTAINER.
49
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK REAR BRAKE P
ADS
PADS
The brake pads must be controlled from the rear side. The thickness
of the pad friction material must not be less than 1 mm.
DANGER
AT THE THINNEST POINT, THE THICKNESS OF THE BRAKE PAD FRICTION
MATERIAL MUST NOT BE LESS THAN 1 MM, OTHERWISE A FAULT COULD
OCCUR IN THE BRAKES. IN THE INTEREST OF YOUR SAFETY HAVE THE PADS
REPLACED IN TIME.
WARNING
IF THE BRAKE PADS ARE REPLACED TOO LATE SO THAT THE FRICTION
MATERIAL IS COMPLETELY CONSUMED, THE STEEL PARTS OF THE PADS RUB
ON THE DISC. THIS LEADS TO A NOTEWORTHY DECREASE OF THE BRAKING
EFFECT AND DAMAGE OF THE BRAKE DISC.
REPLA
CEMENT OF REAR BRAKE P
ADS (A)
REPLACEMENT
PADS
FOR ALL MODELS WITH FLOATING CALIPER (END/MX/SMR/SMX)
Push the brake caliper (1) towards the disc, until the piston reaches its
base position. Remove the cap (2) using a screwdriver, unscrew the
pin (3) and slide the brake pad out. Pay attention to the plates (4)
placed between the pads: these must be remounted accurately. Clean
the brake caliper with compressed air and check that the drive pin
sheaths are not damaged.
Remount the new pads, paying attention to the positioning of the plates,
insert the pin, re-screw it and tighten. Remount the tap using a
screwdriver. Tighten well.
1
2
3
FOR ALL MODELS WITH FIXED CALIPER (SMM)
Remove the safety ring and slide the pin out hitting with a pin-puller
with 4mm. diameter on the same side where the safety ring is found.
4
DANGER
- THE BRAKE DISC MUST ALWAYS BE PERFECTLY CLEAN FROM OIL AND
GREASE. OTHERWISE THE BRAKING EFFECT WOULD BE GREATLY
REDUCED.
- AFTER MOUNTING, CHECK THAT THE SAFETY DEVICES ARE POSITIONED
CORRECTLY.
- AFTER EVERY INTERVENTION ON THE BRAKING SYSTEM, ACTIVATE THE
FRONT BRAKE LEVER AND THE REAR BRAKE PEDAL TO MAKE THE PADS
ADHERE TO THE DISC AND TO RESTORE THE CORRECT ADJUSTMENT
OF PLAY.
DISASSEMBL
Y AND ASSEMBL
Y OF THE FR
ONT
DISASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
FRONT
WHEEL
Position the motorcycle with the frame cradle on a stand in a way that
the front wheel does not touch the ground.
Loosen the flanged nut (5), loosen the fastening screws on the left and
right fork shoes (6), finish unscrewing the flanged nut.
Holding the front wheel still, slide the wheel axle out (7).
If necessary, to help the wheel axle to exit, strike lightly with a mallet
(hammer with plastic ends) on the threaded end of the axle itself.
Alternatively, use a normal hammer and place a piece of wood between.
NEVER USE THE HAMMER DIRECTLY ON THE AXLE, YOU RISK TO
DAMAGE THE AXLE IRREVERSIBLY.
Slide the front wheel carefully out of the fork.
ENGLISH
50
6
5
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
- NEVER ACTIVATE THE BRAKE LEVER WHEN THE FRONT WHEEL IS
DISASSEMBLED
- ALWAYS POSITION THE WHEEL WITH THE BRAKE DISC UPWARDS TO
PREVENT DAMAGE.
To re-assemble the front wheel, insert it carefully into the fork, taking
care to insert the disc correctly between the brake pads without
damaging them. Position it correctly and mount the wheel axle.
Screw and temporarily tighten the flanged nut (5) until the wheel shim
is locked, tighten the locking screws (6) on the right fork shoe to prevent
the wheel axle from turning and tighten the flanged nut at 40 Nm.
Tighten the locking screws on the left fork leg at 12Nm. Loosen the
locking screws on the right shoe again, remove the motrcycle from the
stand, activate the front brake and force the fork down several times to
align the rods. End by definitively tightening the locking screws on the
right fork shoe at 12Nm.
6
7
DANGER
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A DYNAMOMETRIC WRENCH WHEN MOUNTING,
HAVE THE TIGHTENING TORQUE CHECKED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE IN A
SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP. A LOOSE WHEEL AXLE CAN CAUSE
UNSTABLE DRIVING.
- AFTER HAVING MOUNTED THE FRONT WHEEL, REPEATEDLY ACTIVATE
THE BRAKE LEVER UNTIL THE PAD ADHERES TO THE DISC AGAIN.
- THE BRAKE DISC MUST ALWAYS BE PERFECTLY CLEAN FROM OIL AND
GREASE. ON THE CONTRARY, THE BRAKING EFFECT WOULD BE GREATLY
REDUCED.
DISASSEMBL
Y AND ASSEMBL
Y OF THE REAR
DISASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
WHEEL (ALL EXCEPT SMM)
Rest the motor cycle with the frame cradle on a stand, in a way that the
rear wheel does not touch the ground. Unscrew the flanged nut (1)
and, supporting the wheel, extract the wheel axle (2), remove the chain
-tensioning slide (3), remove the chain from the sprocket, remove the
caliper with its support and carefully extract the rear wheel from the
swing arm. Pay attention to the thin wheel shim (sprocket side) and
thick shim (brake side).
WARNING
- DO NOT ACTIVATE THE BRAKE PEDAL WHEN THE REAR WHEEL HAS BEEN
DISASSEMBLED.
- ALWAYS POSITION THE WHEEL WITH THE BRAKE DISC UPWARDS TO
PREVENT DAMAGE.
- WHEN THE WHEEL AXLE IS DISASSEMBLED THE WHEEL AXLE THREADS AND
THE THREADS OF THE FLANGED NUT MUST BE WELL CLEANED. RE-GREASE
THEM TO PREVENT SEIZING OF THE THREADS.
To assemble, insert the thin shim (sprocket) into the hub, position the
chain tensioners, insert the wheel into the swing arm and, supporting
the wheel, position the caliper with its support and mount the chain
onto the sprocket. Insert the axle from the sprocket side into half the
wheel to permit positioning of the thick shim (brake side). Finish
inserting the axle, insert the chain-tensioner slide, screw the nut and
tighten it at 80 Nm. Before tightening the flanged nut push the rear
wheel forward until the chain tensioners are in contatct with the heads
of the adjusting screws.
DANGER
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A DYNAMOMETRIC WRENCH WHEN MOUNTING,
HAVE THE TIGHTENING TORQUE CHECKED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE IN A
SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP. A LOOSE WHEEL AXLE CAN CAUSE
UNSTABLE DRIVING.
- THE BRAKE DISC MUST ALWAYS BE PERFECTLY CLEAN FROM OIL AND
GREASE. ON THE CONTRARY, THE BRAKING EFFECT WOULD BE GREATLY
REDUCED.
- AFTER HAVING RE-ASSEMBLED THE REAR WHEEL ALWAYS ACTIVATE THE
BRAKE PEDAL SO THAT THE PADS ADHERE TO THE DISC AGAIN.
- TIGHTEN THE FLANGED NUT WITH THE ESTABLISHED TIGHTENNGTORQUE.
A LOOSE WHEEL AXLE CAN LEAD TO UNSTABLE DRIVING.
51
3
1
2
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DISASSEMBL
Y AND ASSEMBL
Y OF REAR
DISASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
WHEEL (SMM)
8
Rest the motorcycle with the frame cradle on a stand, in a way that the
rear wheel does not touch the ground. Cut the safety binding (6), slide
out the clasp (7) and unscrew the wheel nut M50x1.5(8). Pay attention
to the conical shim (9) placed between the nut and ring. Extract the
wheel carefully.
WARNING
- WHEN THE WHEEL NUT IS DISASSEMBLED, THE SHAFT AND NUT THREADS
MUST BE CLEANED CAREFULLY. RE-GREASE THEM TO PREVENT SEIZING
OF THE THREADS.
6
7
To assemble, proceed in the opposite direction, tightening the M50x1.5
wheel nut at 185 Nm. Remount the clasp and re-make the safety
binding.
9
DANGER
- DO NOT FORGET TO CARRY OUT THE SAFETY BINDING AT THE ENDS OF
THE CLASP
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A DYNAMOMETRIC WRENCH WHEN MOUNTING,
HAVE THE TIGHTENING TORQUE CHECKED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE IN A
SPECIALISED TM WORKSHOP. A LOOSE WHEEL AXLE CAN CAUSE
UNSTABLE DRIVING.
- THE BRAKE DISC MUST ALWAYS BE PERFECTLY CLEAN FROM OIL AND
GREASE. ON THE CONTRARY, THE BRAKING EFFECT WOULD BE GREATLY
REDUCED.
- AFTER HAVING RE-ASSEMBLED THE REAR WHEEL ALWAYS ACTIVATE
THE BRAKE PEDAL SO THAT THE PADS ADHERE TO THE DISC AGAIN.
CHECK SPOKE TENSION
Correct tension of the spokes is very important for the stability of the
wheel and therefore safety on the road. An insufficiently taught spoke
leads to unbalancing of the wheel and in brief time loosening of other
spokes. Regularly check the tension of the spokes, particularly on new
motorcycles. Briefly hit every spoke with the end of a screwdriver (see
photo): the spoke should produce a clear sound. Hollow sounds mean
loose spokes. In this case you must have the spokes adjusted in a
specialised workshop. The wheel must also be centred.
DANGER
- IF YOU CONTINUE TRAVELLING WITH INSUFFICIENTLY TIGHT SPOKES,
THEY MAY TEAR CAUSING PROBLEMS OF INSTABILITY.
- EXCESSIVELY TIGHT SPOKES MAY TEAR DUE TO LOCAL OVERLOADING.
ENGLISH
52
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
TYRES, TYRE PRESSURE
TYRE
TYRE PRESSURE
PRESSURE
The type, the state and the pressure of the tyres condition the
motorcycle’s behaviour on the road and they must be checked before
every journey.
- The dimension of the tyres is indicated in the technical data and in
the registration paper.
- The state of the tyres must be controlled before every journey.
Check the tyres by verifying that they are not cut, have nails or other
sharp objects pushed into them.
Regarding the minimum depth of the profile, respect the regulations
in force in your country. We recommend that the tyres are changed at
the latest, when the profile has reached a depth of 2 mm.
- The tyre air pressure must be checked regularly when the tyres are
“cold”. Correct adjustment of the pressure guarantees optimal
comfort when travelling and maximum duration of the tyre.
FRONT
REAR
Off-road
1.1 bar
1.1 bar
Road, rider only
1.7 bar
1.7 bar
DANGER
- HAVE EXCLUSIVELY TYRES OF APPROVED TYPE AND DIMENSIONS
MOUNTED ON YOUR VEHICLE AND HOWEVER ESTABLISHED BY TM.
DIFFERENT TYRES CAN NEGATIVELY CONDITION THE BEHAVIOUR OF
THE MOTORCYCLE ON THE ROAD AND BE THE CAUSE OF FINES
ENVISIONED BY THE REGULATIONS IN FORCE IN YOUR COUNTRY .
- TO GUARANTEE YOUR SAFETY AND THAT OF OTHERS, DAMAGED TYRES
MUST BE REPLACED IMMEDIATELY.
- EXCESSIVELY WORN TYRES NEGATIVELY CONDITION THE BEHAVIOUR
OF THE MOTORCYCLE, MOST OF ALL ON WET SURFACES.
- INCORRECT PRESSURE LEADS TO ANOMALOUS WEAR AND
OVERHEATING OF THE TYRE.
CHECK/ADJUSTMENT OF MAGNET SENSOR
DIST
ANCE (A)
DISTANCE
2-4 mm
ELECTRONIC TACHOMETER
In the END model the magnetic sensor is located on the front wheel,
while in the SMR,SMM it is located on the rear wheel.
ELECTRONIC DIGITAL BACKLIT DISPLAY TACHOMETER
In all the models the magnetic sensor is located on the rear wheel.
2
1
The distance between detector (2) and sensor (1) must be 2-4mm.
Otherwise the tachometer may work irregularly.
BA
TTERY (END/MX/SMR/SMM/SMX)
BATTERY
(ALL MODELS WITH E.S.)
The saddle must be removed to access the battery.
The battery does not require maintenance.
It is not necessary to check the level of the electrolyte or top-up with
water.
The battery poles only must be cleaned and, if necessary, slightly
greased using grease that does not contain acids.
Battery disassembly:
First remove the negative pole and then the positive pole from the
battery.
Disconnect the elastic stripes (1).
Remove the battery.
When assembling the battery, place it with the poles pointing backwards (see figure), first connect the positive pole and then the negative pole to the battery.
53
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DANGER
- IF FOR SOME REASON THE ELECTROLYTE (SULPHURIC ACID) SHOULD
ESCAPE FROM THE BATTERY, BE VERY CAREFUL.
THE ELECTROLYTE CAN CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS.
- ON CONTACT WITH THE SKIN, RINSE WELL WITH WATER
- IF DROPS OF THE ELECTROLYTE ENTER INTO THE EYES, RINSE FOR AT
LEAST 15 MINUTES WITH WATER AND CONSULT A DOCTOR
IMMEDIATELY.
- EVEN IF THE BATTERY IS SEALED, IT IS POSSIBLE THAT EXPLOSIVE
GASES MAY COME OUT. KEEP THE BATTERY AWAY FROM SPARKS OR
FLAMES.
- KEEP FAULTY BATTERIES AWAY FROM CHILDREN AND DISPOSE OF THEM
IN THE CORRECT MANNER.
2
WARNING
- THE CLOSURE STRIP (2) MUST NOT BE REMOVED, AS OTHERWISE THE
REGULATOR-RECTIFIER WOULD BE DESTROYED.
- THE BATTERY MUST BE MOUNTED WITH THE POLES IN FRONT (AS IN THE
FIGURE), IF IT IS MOUNTED IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION, THE ELECTROLYTE
MAY COME OUT!
PRESERVATION:
If the motorcycle is kept at a standstill for a long time, remove the
battery and charge it. Keep it at at temperature of 0-35°C away from
direct sunlight.
BATTER
Y CHAR
GE
TTERY
CHARGE
Remove the battery and determine if it is charged or not. To do this
check the voltage between the poles using a voltmetre (rest voltage).
To obtain a correct measurement, the battery must not be charged or
discharged for at least 30 minutes before the measurement is taken.
If it is not possible to determine the charge, the battery can be charged
for a maximum of 10 hours with 0.5 ampere and max. 14.4 volt.
VOLT
WARNING
- THE CLOSURE STRIP MUST NOT BE REMOVED, AS IT WOULD BE DAMAGED.
- TO RECHARGE, FIRST CONNECT THE BATTERY TO THE BATTERY CHARGER,
THEN SWITCH THE BATTERY CHARGER ON.
- WHEN RECHARGING IN CLOSED SPACES, ENSURE GOOD VENTILATION.
THE BATTERY PRODUCES EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING CHARGING.
- IF THE BATTERY IS CHARGED TOO LONG OR AT A TOO HIGH VOLTAGE, THE
ELECTROLYTE WILL COME OUT THROUGH THE SAFETY VALVES. THE
BATTERY THEREFORE LOOSES CAPACITY.
- AVOID FAST RECHARGING.
ENGLISH
54
REST
VOLTAGE
STATE OF
DUR. OF CHARGING
CHARGING CHARGING VOLTAGE
VOLT
%
AT 0.5 A
>12.7
100
-
Max.
~12.5
75
4 hours
14.4 V
~12.2
50
7 hours
~12.0
25
11 hours
~11.8
0
14 hours
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
RECHARGE FUSE ((ALL
ALL MODELS WITH E.S.)
The fuse (1) is located in the electric starter relay (2) under the removable battery holder.
After having removed seat and battery holder, it is possible to access
the fuse.
The fuse has a capacity of 30 amperes.
This fuse protects the following:
- recharging system
- battery
A spare 10 ampere fuse is also found in the starter relay (3).
SERVICES FUSE (ALL MODELS WITH LIGHTS)
The fuse is found in the relevant rubber fuse-holder (4) situated sunder the removable battery holder.
After having removed seat and battery holder
and opened the fuse-holder, it is possible to access the fuse.
The fuse has a capacity of 7.5 ampere.
This fuse protects the following:
- lighting system
- direction indicator
- acoustic warning device
A burned out fuse must be replaced exclusively with an equivalent one.
If the new fuse should also burn out once mounted, contact a specialised TM workshop.
WARNING
NEVER MOUNT FUSES WITH GREATER POWER OR TRY TO “REPAIR” THE SAME
FUSE. UNAPPROPRIATE TREATMENTS COULD CAUSE FAULTS TO THE ENTIRE
ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT.
REPLACEMENT OF HEADLIGHT
HEADLIGHT//POSITION LIGHT
BULB (WITH STANDARD HEADLIGHTD END/SMR/SMM)
7
Release both elastic stripes and move the light-holder mask forward.
8
BLACK
HEADLIGHT TWO-LIGHT BULB
Disconnect the blue, black and white cables and remove the rubber
protection (7). Release the retainer and carefully extract the bulb-holder
(8). Replace the bulb (9). Remount the bulb holder, the rubber protection
and the cables, respecting the position indicated.
POSITION BULB
Extract the bulb-holder (10) from the parabola, replace the bulb.
Remount the bulb-holder
Reposition the light-holder mask and fix it using the elastic stripes.
55
9
10
BLUE
WHITE
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
REPLACEMENT OF HEADLIGHT/POSITION
LIGHT BULB (WITH “CYCLOPS” OPTIONAL
19
21
HEADLIGHT END/SMR/SMM)
Disconnect both of the elastic stripes and move the light-holder mask
forward.
20
HEADLIGHT BULB
Disconnect the terminal, remove the cover (13) and the seal (14).
Unscrew the screws (15) and remove the retainer (16). Loosen the
Allen screw (17) and carefully extract the bulb (18). Replace with an
equivalent one, tighten the Allen screw again, remount the retainer in
the correct position and lock with the screw, taking care to insert the
engine stop eyelet terminal under the head of the screw. Remount the
cover with the seal and connect the terminal.
HIGH BEAM BULB
Remove the rubber protection (19), unscrew the screw (20) and carefully
extract the bulb (21). Replace the bulb with an equivalent one.
Remount the retainer in the correct position and lock with the screw,
taking care to insert the engine stop eyelet terminal under the head of
the screw. Reposition the rubber protection.
POSITION LIGHT BULB
Extract the bulb-holder (22) from the parabola, replace the bulb (23).
Remount the bulb-holder.
Repositon the light-holder mask and fix it with the elastic stripes
22
13-14
17
16
15
WARNING
NEVER TOUCH THE GLASS BULB, TO PREVENT LEAVING TRACES OF GREASE.
TO BE SURE OF INSERTING THE ESTABLISHED BULBS, CONSULT THE “CYCLE
PART TECHNICAL DATA” TABLE
REPLACEMENT OF REAR POSITION /STOP /
NUMBER PLA
TE LIGHT B
ULB (END/SMR/SMM)
PLATE
BULB
Unscrew the screws(1) and remove the cover (2).
Replace the bulb with an equivalent one. Remount the cover and tighten
the screws.
The bulb is two-light and carries out all above-mentioned functions.
1
REPLA
CEMENT OF DIRECTION INDICA
TOR
REPLACEMENT
INDICAT
BULB (END/SMR/SMM)
Unscrew the screws(3) and remove the cover (4).
Replace the bulb with an equivalent one. Remount the cover and tighten
the screws.
ENGLISH
56
2
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
COOLING
The water pump (1) housed in the engine induces forced circulation of
the coolant liquid.
There is no thermostat in the system, therefore, when the engine is
cold, it is important to moderate the number of revs. of the engine and
speed. Proceed for at least 5 minutes at half throttle and at reduced
pace to allow the engine to reach an adequate working temperature.
Cooling takes place thanks to the passage of air through the fins of the
radiator, the lower the speed, the less the cooling effect. Dirty radiator
fins also decrease the cooling effect.
The pressure caused by the high liquid temperature is adjusted by a
valve on the radiator cap (2); it is possible to reach temperatures of
120°C without problems.
DANGER
- CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE COOLANT LIQUID WHEN THE ENGINE IS COLD.
IF YOU MUST REMOVE THE RADIATOR CAP WHEN THE ENGINE IS HOT,
COVER IT WITH A CLOTH AND OPEN SLOWLY TO RELEASE THE
PRESSURE. ATTENTION, BURNS HAZARD!
- DO NOT DISCONNECT THE RADIATOR HOSES WHEN THE ENGINE IS HOT.
THE COOLANT LIQUID AND THE HOT STEAM THAT ESCAPE, MAY CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS.
- IF YOU ARE BURNED, PUT THE INTERESTED PART UNDER COLD RUNNING
WATER.
- THE COOLANT IS TOXIC! THEREFORE PRESERVE IT OUT OF THE REACH
OF CHILDREN.
- IF YOU SWALLOW COOLANT, SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE IMMEDIATELY.
- IF THE COOLANT HITS THE EYES, RINSE IMMEDITAELY WITH COLD WATER
AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE.
The coolant liquid is a mixture of antifreeze at 40% and water at 60%.The
antifreeze protection limit must however be at least -25°C. This mixture
offers protection against freezing as well as a good protection against
corrosion and therefore should not be replaced by pure water.
WARNING
- AFTER THE COOLANT LIQUID HAS BEEN EMPTIED, WHEN RE-FILLING IT IS
NECEESARY TO BLEED THE COOLING SYSTEM (SEE NEXT PAGE).
- ALWAYS USE GOOD QUALITY PRODUCTS TO PREVENT CORROSION OR
FOAM.
- IN EXTREME WEATHER CONDITIONS OR IN STOP-AND-GO TRAFFIC,
OVERHEATING MAY OCCUR. TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM, AN
ELECTROVENTILATOR KIT IS AVAILABLE FOR ALL MODELS WITH ELECTRIC
STARTER (ASK AT YOUR TM AUTHORISED DEALER).
57
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL
When the engine is cold, the liquid must cover the radiator channels by
at least 10 mm. If the circuit is emptied, fill it immediately and bleed.
WARNING
WHEN THE COOLANT LIQUID HAS BEEN EMPTIED, WHEN RE-FILLING IT IS NECESSARY TO BLEED THE COOLING SYSTEM (SEE BELOW).
EMPTYING, FILLING AND BLEEDING OF THE
COOLING SY
STEM
SYSTEM
The coolant liquid may be emptied by removing the screw (5) from the
water pump cover on the right side of the engine. Prepare an adequate
container to collect the liquid when it comes out. To empty the liquid,
the filling cap must be opened. At the end, screw the emptying screw
and tighten to 12 Nm.
To fill the cooling system, pour the amount of coolant liquid indicated
in the “Engine Technical Data” Table, through the inlet. Close the radiator cap and start-up the engine for a few seconds. Re-open the cap
and check the level: add more liquid if necessary.
After a brief journey, check the level of coolant liquid again.
REPLACEMENT OF EXHAUST SILENCER
PACKING MA
TERIAL
MATERIAL
The aluminium silencers are filled with acoustic insulating material
(fibreglass) to limit motorcycle noise. Because of high temperatures
reached by the exhaust gases, the fibreglass tends to burn, leading to
a decrease in the effect of noise absorbtion and also causing a decrease in power.
To replace the fibreglass, disassemble the silencer from the motorcycle frame, remove the rivets (1) that support the front cap (2) and slide
the cap and the wool to be replaced out.
In END/SMM/SMR models, the fibreglass cartridge (3) must be cut to a
length of about 35 cm (weight 350 grammes) while in the other models it is inserted whole.
Slide the fiberglass cartridge on the punched pipe (4) and push it all
into the silencer. Hold the clamp and fasten with rivets.
Never disassemble the rear cap (5), it is not necessary and you
run the risk of damaging the silencer.
DANGER
WHEN THE ENGINE IS RUNNING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM BECOMES VERY
HOT. ONLY START TO WORK ON THE EXHAUST SYSTEM WHEN IT HAS
COOLED DOWN, TO PREVENT BURNS.
To ease mounting of the silencer, grease the ends of the pipes.
Also fix the retaining spring between the pipe and the silencer.
When the engine is started-up it might generate some smoke from the
previously greased parts. This is caused by the high temperature that
melts the grease.
ENGLISH
58
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
WARNING
REPLACE THE FIBREGLASS CARTRIDGE WITH A NEW ONE OF THE SAME WEIGHT
OR BOUGHT AT A TM AUTHORISED DEALER.
CLEANING THE AIR FIL
TER
FILTER
A dirty air filter jeopardises the filtering of air, reducing engine power
and increasing fuel consumption. In some cases, the dust can even
reach the engine causing derious damage. For this reason, maintenance of the filter should be carried out regularly.
Remove the seat to access the filter and lift the battery holder.
To remove the filter, unscrew the finger screw positioned at the centre
of the filter and carefully slide it the filter out of its case.
WARNING
- DO NOT CLEAN THE FOAM FILTER WITH FUEL OR KEROSENE, WHICH CAN
CORRODE IT. FOR CORRECT MAINTENANCE OF THE FOAM FILTER, USE THE
RELEVANT PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET FOR CLEANING AND LUBRICATION.
- NEVER START-UP THE MOTORCYCLE WITHOUT THE AIR FILTER. THE
INFILTRATION OF DUST AND DIRT CAN CAUSE DAMAGE AND INCREASE
WEAR.
Wash the filter carefully using a special liquid detergent and dry well:
squeeze the filter slightly but do not wring it. Also clean the filter case
and check that the rubber manifold that connects the carburetor to the
filter case is integral and positioned correctly.
Remount the air filter, positioning it correctly on the rest surface, taking
care that edges of the filter are not raised or not adherent with the rest
surface.
Rescrew the finger screw and tighten it adequately.
CHECK HAND DECOMPRESSOR ADJUST
ADJUST..
(ALL 530 AND 660 CC. MODELS)
(A)
Take the crankshaft to the TDC with closed valves and activate the
hand decompressor. A free play of about 5mm. must be perceived on
the end of the lever. The end of the free play is recognised by the
hardening of the lever that starts to open the right exhaust valve. Adjust
the free play if necessary. To adjust: push the protective hood
backwards, loosen the counter-nut (1) and loosen or unscrew the
adjustment screw (2). Tighten the counter-nut and replace the protective
hood.
WARNING
IF THERE IS NO FREE PLAY ON THE DECOMPRESSION LEVER, THE ENGINE
COULD BE DAMAGED.
INDICATION:
The automatic decompressor does not require adjustment.
59
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
THROTTLE CABLE COMMAND ADJUSTMENT
The throttle command should always have a free play of 3-5 mm.
Moreover, when the engine is idling, the revs must not vary when steering
as far as possible to the left and to the right. To adjust the play, remove
the saddle and the tank with the shrouds. Push the protection hood
backwards (3). Loosen the counter-nut (4) and unscrew or screw the
adjustment device (5). By screwing, the free play increases. By
unscrewing, the free play decreases.
Tighten the counter-nut and control the smoothness of the the throttle
command handlebar grip. Remount the tank and saddle.
When the engine is not running, do not open and close the throttle grip
more than 1-2 times: every time it is opened it activates the accelerator
pump. This could flood the engine.
ADJUSTMENT OF CLUTCH LEVER BASIC
POSITION
Use the adjustment screw (1) to adjust the basic position of the clutch
lever. In this way the optimal position for the clutch lever can be found
for any hand size. If the adjustment screw is turned clockwise, the
clutch lever approaches the handlebar. If the adjustment screw is turned
anticlockwise, the clutch lever moves away form the handle bar.
The adjustment screw (2) is used to adjust the pump run after having
adjusted the position of the lever.
WARNING
THE RANGE OF ADJUSTMENT IS LIMITED. ONLY TURN THE ADJUSTMENT
SCREW MANUALLY WITHOUT FORCE.
CHECK HYDRAULIC CLUTCH FLUID LEVEL
The reservoir is part of the clutch pump positioned on the handlebar
and has an inspection window: with the reservoir in a horizontal position,
the level of the fluid must never fall below the centreline of the window,
nor be above the upper margin. If it is necessary to top-up the oil,
remove the screws (2) and then the cover (3) together with the rubber
seal (4). Keeping the reservoir in a horizontal position,top-up with DOT4
brake fluid.
4
2
3
WARNING
- FOR THE HYDRAULIC COMMAND OF THE CLUTCH, TM USES DOT4 BRAKE
FLUID, NEVER USE DOT5 OR OTHER.
- DO NOT ALLOW BRAKE FLUID TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH PAINTED
PARTS. THE BRAKE FLUID CORRODES THE PAINT !
- ONLY USE CLEAN BRAKE FLUID OUT OF HERMETICALLY-SEALED
CONTAINERS.
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC CLUTCH
The cover of the clutch pump must be removed for bleeding. Remove
the screws (2) and remove the cover (3) together with the rubber seal
(4). The clutch cylinder bleeding nipple on the engine (5) must be
connected to the relevant suction device and this must be activated.
Loosen the bleeding nipple at the same time. Continue until no more
air escapes from the nipple, only oil. Tighten the nipple. Disconnect
the suction device. During the operation control that the level in the
clutch pump reservoir is always sufficient and prevent the pump from
taking up air. If necessary, top-up with DOT4 brake fluid.
WARNING
- FOR THE HYDRAULIC COMMAND OF THE CLUTCH, TM USES DOT4 BRAKE
FLUID, NEVER USE DOT5 OR OTHER.
- DO NOT ALLOW BRAKE FLUID TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH PAINTED
PARTS. THE BRAKE FLUID CORRODES THE PAINT !
- ONLY USE CLEAN BRAKE FLUID OUT OF HERMETICALLY-SEALED
CONTAINERS.
ENGLISH
60
5
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CARBURETOR - IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT (A)
The adjustment of the idle speed greatly influences the engine start,
this means that an engine with the idle speed correctly adjusted will be
easier to start than an engine with an incorrect idle speed.
The idle speed is adjusted using the adjustment knob (1) and the
mixture adjustment screw (2). The adjustment knob is used to adjust
the basic position of the throttle valve. The mixture adjustment screw is
used to adjust the mixture for the idle speed, which flows through the
idle speed system up to the engine. By turning in a clockwise direction,
the quantity of fuel decreases (lean mixture), by turning in an
anticlockwise direction, the quantity of fuel increases (rich mixture).
TO SET IDLE SPEED FUNCTIONING CORRECTLY, PROCEED AS
FOLLOWS:
1 Screw the mixture adjustment screw (2) until it stops, without force,
then unscrew it untill you obtain the basic adjustment envisioned by
TM (see Engine Technical Data).
2 Warm-up the engine
3 Use the adjustment knob (1) to adjust the number of revs. of the
normal idle speed (1600 - 1800/min).
4 Slowly turn the mixture adjustment screw (2) in a clockwise direction
until the number of revs of the idle speed begins to decrease. Keep
this position in mind and now turn the mixture adjustment screw
slowly in an anticlockwise direction until the number of revs of the
idle speed begins to decrease again. Set the point between these
two positions in which the number of idle speed revs is highest. If
there is a notable increase in the number of revs., reduce the number
of revs to the normal level using the adjustment knob (1) and repeat
the procedure from point 4. Anyone using the motorcycle for pure racing
will set a leaner mixture of about 1/4 of a turn (in a clockwise direction) with
respect to the ideal value, because the engine will become hotter than
normal.
NOTE: If the described methods are followed and satisfying results
are not obtained, the cause could be a Pilot jet with unsuitable
dimensions.
a) If the mix adjustment screw is screwed right down without variation
of the number of revs of the idle speed, a smaller Pilot jet must be
installed.
b) If the engine switches off with the mix adjustment screw still open
by two turns, a larger Pilot jet must be installed. Obviously, after the
jet has been replaced, adjustment must be carried out again from
the beginning.
5 Now, adjust the number of revs. of the idle speed desired using the
adjustment knob.
6 In presence of large variations of external temperature and altitude,
the idle speed must be set again.
2
To adjust the idle speed mixture screw, a very short screwdriver
may be required. Notches may be useful on the handgrip.
BASIC INDICA
TIONS REGARDING CARB
URET
OR
INDICATIONS
CARBURET
URETOR
WEAR
The throttle valve, jet needle, needle jet (when present) and the float
needle valve are subject to great wear caused by engine vibration. As a
consequence the carburetor may malfunction (e.g. enrichening of the
mixture). These parts must therefore be controlled after 200 hours.
61
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK FUEL LEVEL
(FL
OAT HEIGHT) (A)
(FLO
Disassemble the carburetor and remove the float bowl. Turn the
carburetor upside-down and keep it inclined so that the float rests on
the needle valve but does not compress the spring with its weight.
In this position, use a gauge to measure the distance between the
apex of the float body and the float bowl surface on the carburetor body
(see image).
Refer to the technical data for the correct value for your motorcycle.
If necessary, adjust the height by slightly bending the float adjustment
plate (4).
If possible, also check the tightness and the state of wear of the needle
valve cone: if in doubt replace the valve and brass seat.
Mount the float bowl, mount the carburetor and adjust the idle speed.
4
EMPTYING THE CARB
URET
OR FL
OAT BO
WL
CARBURET
URETOR
FLO
BOWL
After washing or driving in wet environments (watercourses, etc.) the
carburetor float bowl should be emptied to remove any water that may
have entered. Water in the float bowl causes working problems. Carry
this operation out when the engine is cold. Close the fuel tap and place
a container underneath the carburetor to collect the fuel coming out.
Now open the screw (1) to empty the fuel and water. Re-close the
screw, open the fuel tap and control tightness of the system.
DANGER
- THE FUEL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE AND TOXIC. HANDLE THE FUEL
WITH CARE. NEVER CARRY OUT OPERATIONS ON THE FUEL SYSTEM
NEAR TO FLAMES OR CIGARETTES.
- ALWAYS ALLOW THE ENGINE TO COOL. USE A CLOTH TO REMOVE ANY
OVERFLOWING FUEL. MATERIALS IMPREGNATED WITH FUEL ARE ALSO
HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE. IF YOU SWALLOW FUEL OR IT COMES INTO
CONTACT WITH THE EYES, CONSULT A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY.
- DISPOSE OF FUEL ACCORDING TO THE REGULATIONS ENVISIONED IN
YOUR COUNTRY.
OIL CIRCUIT
The delivery pump (3) sucks the oil through the net filter (4) from the
sump. The oil is delivered pressurised through a pipe (5) to the filter
cartridge where it is purified from all particles and delivered partly to
the crankshaft and partly to the distribution and gearbox.
The oil delivered to the crankshaft enters through a co-axial pipe into
the shaft and finally lubricating the big end bearing (6).
The oil delivered to the distribution and gears is made to ascend to the
top of the crankcases and, before entering the cylinder, it divides again.
A part is channeled towards the gearbox, of which it lubricates, through
a distributor (7), the gear toothing.
Another part passes through a spray nozzle towards the small end (8)
for lubrication of the piston pin.
Finally, another part is channeld along the cylinder and through a
relevant hole and arrives at the camshafts bearings and to the contact
area between the cam lobes and valve lifters (9-10).
All pressurised oil delivered to the main parts of the engine is returned
by fall and depression to the point in which the drainage pump is found
(11) which collects the oil and send it back to the oil sump.
Note that the oil sump is separate from the rotating parts of the engine
(dry sump) but integrated in the casting of the crankcases.
The oil circulation is made only by channels machined inside the engine,
without using external hoses.
ENGLISH
62
11
10
7
9
8
5
4 3
6
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine oil level must be checked when the engine is running.
Start-up the motorcycle on flat ground and keep it in a vertical position
(not on the side stand). The oil window is located on the right side of
the engine of all the models but the the 660 SMX in which the oil
window is located on the left side (see picture).
Start-up the engine and keep it at a constant speed, a little above the
idle speed: the oil level must be visible from 1/2 to 3/4 of the window
positioned on the right side of the motorcycle. If it is too low or cannot
be seen at all, top-up immediately with engine oil. Use the same type
that has already been introduced into the engine.
WARNING
LOW OIL LEVEL, LOW QUALITY OIL, MAINTENANCE INTERVALS LONGER THAN
THOSE ESTABLISHED, CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE .
ENGINE OIL
Uses and recommends
Only use top-quality, completely synthetic SAE10W-50 oils, which
correspond to or exceed the quality standards of theAPI - SG or SH
classes (indications on container).
Motor
Trans
Brake Chassis
Filter
WARNING
LOW OIL LEVEL, LOW QUALITY OIL MAINTENANCE INTERVALS LONGER THAN
THOSE ESTABLISHED, CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE .
4-Stroke
USE ONLY HI OCTANE (98) UNLEADEAD FUEL
www.belray.com
CHANGE ENGINE OIL (A)
WARNING:
WHEN CHANGING THE OIL, CLEAN THE MAGNET OF THE OIL
DRAIN BOLT AND REPLACE THE FILTER CARTRIDGE.
The oil must be changed with the engine at working temperature.
DANGER
THE ENGINE AT WORKING TEMPERATURE AND THE OIL INSIDE ARE VERY
HOT - PAY ATTENTION, BURNS HAZARD.
Position the motorcycle on a flat surface, loosen and unscrew the cap
(1) positioned on the lower face of the engine and allow the oil to flow
into a container.
BEWARE OF HOT OIL!
Clean the cap and incorporated magnet well.
After the oil has flowed out completely, clean the sealing face, remount
the cap together with the seal and tighten at 20 Nm. Replace the seal
if it is damaged.
63
ENGLISH
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
REPLACEMENT OF OIL FILTER CARTRIDGE
(after having emptied the oil from the engine)
The cartridge oil filter is situated on the right side of the motorcycle
underneath the cover(1). Place a container under the engine to collect
the oil that escapes from the filter compartment. Loosen the two screws
(2), remove the cover and extract the filter cartridge.
Wait until the oil has drained completely, then clean the sealing surfaces
of the transmission cover and filter cover, check the O-Ring and replace
it if necessary.
Insert a new filter cartridge, making sure that the open side is towards
the outside of the engine. The filter must slide into the transmission
cover as far as possible in its seat.
ENGLISH
64
FRAME
FRAME AND
AND ENGINE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
Remount the cover, being careful to the O-Ring and to insert the filter
cover nose correctly into the hole of the filter cartridge. Greasing the ORing with a small amount of grease helps to keep it in its seat when
assembling.
Tighten the screws at 10Nm.
REMEMBER THAT THE FILTER CARTRIDGE CANNOT BE CLEANED,
IT MUST BE REPLACED AT THE ENVISIONED INTERVALS.
Prepare a measuring beaker with 1.4 (1.0 for 660 SMX) Litres of fully
synthetic engine oil of the established type (see engine data). Unscrew
the oil load cap and fill with about 0.8 Litres.
Close the cap temporarily, start-up the engine and allow it to run for
about 5 seconds. DO NOT ALLOW IT TO RUN LONGER TO PREVENT
DAMAGE.
Re-open the cap and finish filling with the oil remaining in the measuring
beaker.
A total of 1.4 (1.0 for 660 SMX) Litres of oil has been introduced.
Tighten the cap at 20Nm.
Start the engine and check tightness of the filling and emptying caps,
the net filter cap and the filter cartridge cover.
Finally, check the engine oil level and correct it if necessary.
65
ENGLISH
OUBLESHOO
TING
TROUBLESHOO
OUBLESHOOTING
TR
If you have the envisioned maintenance operations carried out on your motorcycle, you will have very few problems. If, however, a
problem does occur, please look for it in the following table and try to solve it. Please note that a lot of the operations cannot be
carried out without the help of technicians . If in doubt, please contact an authorised TM dealer.
PROBLEM
SOLUTION
CAUSE
Incorrect command
THE STARTER MOTOR
CANNOT TURN THE
Switch on the emergency shutdown button and where present,
turn the key to enable start-up.
Burned fuse
Remove the right side panel and replace the 30 A fuse in the
starter relay
ENGINE
Key not inserted or not turned
Insert the key and turn it in a clockwise direction
Battery flat
Charge the battery and identify the cause of discharging, contact
a specialised workshop.
Low external temperature
Start the engine using the kickstarter pedal.
THE STARTER MOTOR
TURNS THE ENGINE BUT Lack of fuel in the engine
THE ENGINE DOES NOT
START
(MODELS WITH ELECTRIC
STARTER)
Open the fuel tap, fill-up with fuel,
observe the indications for start-up (see “Instructions for use”
chapter)
The motorcycle hasn’t been used for a while, The volatile fuel components evaporate easily. If the motorcycle
therefore the old fuel has remained in thecarburetor has not been used for more than 1 week, the old fuel should
be emptied from the carburetor bowl. When the bowl has been
bowl
filled with fresh fuel, the engine will start immediately.
Disconnect the fuel hose from the carburetor, place it in a
Fuel supply interrupted
container and open the fuel tap,
- if fuel escapes, clean the carburetor
- if fuel does not escape, control the tank vent pipe or clean the
fuel tap
Use the “by-pass” command as explained in the “Operating
Engine flooded
controls” chapter.
Spark plug blackened or wet
Clean and dry the spark plug or replace it.
Incorrect spark plug electrodes gap
Adjust the gap between the electrodes to 0.8 mm
THE ENGINE DOES NOT
Slide off the spark plug cover, unscrew the spark plug, put the
START
cover back onto the spark plug and, gripping the cover, keep
(MODELS WITH
the threaded part of the spark plug in contact with the head of
the engine.
KICKSTARTER PEDAL)
Turn the engine with the electric starter or pedal, a spark should
Spark plug cover or spark plug damaged
appear between the electrodes of the spark plug
- if the spark plug does not produce a spark, it must be replaced
- if there is still no spark, remove the spark plug cover from the
H.T. cable coming from the coil, hold it at a distance of about 5
mm from the head and operate the starting system
- if there is a spark, replace the spark plug cover
- if there is still no spark, check the ignition system
- Replace the spark plug
Engine stop button cable damaged, engine stop Remove the saddle and fuel tank, disconnect the emergency
button or emergency shutdown damaged
shutdown button cable or the engine stop button cable and
check the spark. If there is a spark, look for the fault along the
emergency shutdown button cable or the engine stop cable.
Oxidised CDI unit, pickup orcoil connectors
Remove the saddle, the left side panel and the fuel tank, clean
the connectors and treat them with a contact spray.
Disassemble and clean the carburetor
Water in the carburetor or clogged jets
ENGLISH
66
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
THE ENGINE WILL NOT
RUN AT IDLE SPEED
SOLUTION
CAUSE
Clogged idle speed jet
Disassemble the carburetor and clean the jet
Altered idle speed adjustment screws
Adjust the idle speed screws
Damaged spark plug
Replace the spark plug
Faulty Ignition system
Have the ignition system checked
The fuel overflows because the level is adjusted Disassemble the carburetor and check the height of the float
THE ENGINE DOES NOT
too high or the float needle valve is dirty or worn
REACH FULL SPEED
and the state of the needle valve, as described in the “Frame
and Engine Maintenance” chapter
The carburetor jets are loose
Tighten the jets
The ignition timing is not correct
Have the ignition timing checked
Fuel supply partially interrupted or dirty carburetor Clean and check the fuel circuit and the carburetor
POOR ENGINE POWER
Float not leakproof
Replace the float
Air filter very dirty
Clean or replace the air filter, contact a specialised workshop
Exhaust system not leakproof, deformed or Check the faulty parts on the exhaust system, replace the
fibreglass in the silencer packing damaged
fibreglass in the silencer
Insufficient valve clearance
Adjust the valve clearance
There is a loss of compression because the hand
decompressor hasn’t got enough free play (it remains Adjust the hand decompressor flexible cable command
“tight”)
ENGINE MISFIRINGS OR
BACKFIRES FROM THE
CARBURETOR
The ignition timing is not correct
Have the ignition timing checked
Fuel missing
Clean and check the fuel circuit and the carburetor
Air leaks in the intake manifold
Check the rubber manifolds between the filter case and the carburetor
and between the carburetor and head and tighten the clamps
There is not enough fluid in the cooling system
Fill with coolant (see “Frame and Engine Maintenance”) chapter,
check for leaks of the cooling system
Insufficient ventilation
Continue at sustained speed (it is possible to mount a fan optional)
Air in the cooling system
Bleed the cooling system
The radiator fins are very dirty
Clean the radiator fins with jets of water
Foam in the cooling system
Replace the coolant, use good antifreeze
The radiator hose is bent
Shorten the radiator hose or replace it
EXCESSIVE OIL
The vent hose is bent
Position the vent hose or replace it
CONSUMPTION
Engine oil level too high
Check and correct the engine oil level if necessary
Engine oil too thin (viscosity)
Use more viscous oil, see “Engine oil” chapter
THE ENGINE OVERHEATS
EXCESSIVELY
Remove the saddle and tank and check the connections of the
ALL OF THE BULBS BLOW
UNEXPECTEDLY
The regulator is damaged
voltage regulator. Have the regulator checked in a specialised
TM workshop
LIGHTS, HORN AND
The lights cable fuse is burned out
Remove the left side panel and replace the lights cable 7.5A
fuse
INDICATORS DO NOT
WORK
THE BATTERY IS FLAT
Remove the saddle and check the regulator contacts. Have the
The battery is not charged by the generator
regulator and generator checked in a specialised TM workshop
67
ENGLISH
CLEANING
CLEANING
Clean the motorcycle regularly in a way to maintain the surface of the plastic parts in good condition.
To do this, it is advised to use hot water with a detergent and sponge. Most of the dirt can be removed using weak water jets.
WARNING
NEVER CLEAN THE MOTORCYCLE WITH HIGH PRESSURE CLEANING DEVICES OR WITH STRONG JETS OF WATER! BECAUSE OF THE HIGH
PRESSURE THE WATER COULD REACH THE ELECTRICAL PARTS, CONNECTORS, FLEXIBLE CABLE COMMANDS, BEARINGS, THE CARBURETOR
ETC... AND CAUSE FAULTS OR PREMATURE BREAKAGE OF THESE PARTS.
- Before washing, close the exhaust pipe rear end to prevent water from entering.
- Normal soaps, found on the market, should be used to clean the motorcycle. Particularly dirty parts should be cleaned using a
brush.
- After having rinsed the motorcycle well, using a weak jet of water, dry using compressed air and a cloth. Empty the carburetor
bowl. Immediately after, make a brief journey until the engine has reached the normal working temperature and at this point
activate the brakes. Because of the heat, the water that is left in the unreachable points and on the brakes will evaporate.
- After the motorcycle has cooled down, oil and grease all motion parts and bearings. Treat the chain with an appropriate spray.
Also oil the fuel tap.
- To prevent faults in the electric system, treat the emergency shutdown button, the engine stop button, the light switch and the
connectors with contact spray.
PRECA
UTION FOR WINTER USE
PRECAUTION
If the motorcycle is also used in winter it is necessary to consider the salt on the roads and appropriate countermeasures must be
taken against the salt aggressiveness.
- The motorcycle must be cleaned well after use and left to dry.
- Treat engine, carburetor, swing arm and all other bright or galvanised components (except brake disc) with wax-based anticorrosives.
DANGER
PREVENT CONTACT OF THE ANTICORROSIVE WITH BRAKE DISCS. THIS CAUSES GREAT REDUCTION IN THE BRAKING EFFECT.
WARNING
AFTER TRAVELLING ON ROADS WHERE SALT HAS BEEN SPREAD, WASH THE MOTORCYCLE WELL WITH COLD WATER AND LEAVE IT TO DRY.
ST
ORA
GE
STORA
ORAGE
If
-
the motorcycle is not to be used for a long time, take the following measures:
Clean the motorcycle well (see CLEANING chapter)
Change the engine oil and oil filter cartridge, clean the net filter (old oil contains dangerous impurities).
Check the antifreeze and the quantity of the coolant.
Warm the engine up again, close the fuel tap and wait until the engine stops.
Successively open the carburetor bowl empty screw to empty the remaining fuel.
Disassemble the spark plug and pour into the plug hole 5 cc of oil. Activate the kickstart pedal 10 times to distribute the engine
oil onto the walls of the cylinder and then remount the spark plug.
Bring the piston in compression to induce valve closure
Empty the fuel tank, collecting the fuel in an appropriate container.
Adjust tyre pressure.
Grease bearings or command lever supports, footrests, etc. and also the chain. Disassemble the battery and charge it (see
BATTERY chapter). Store it disassembled from the motorcycle.
The place of storage should be dry and not subject to large temperature changes.
Cover the motorcycle with a sheet or cover that allows air to pass. Do not use materials that do not allow the passage of air, as
humidity would not be able to escape and could cause oxidation.
WARNING
IT IS NOT ADVISED TO START THE ENGINE FOR SHORT TIMES. THE ENGINE WOULD NOT HEAT UP SUFFICIENTLY, AND THEREFORE THE STEAM
CREATED DURING THE COMBUSTION PROCESS WOULD CONDENSE CAUSING THE OXIDATION OF THE EXHAUST VALVES.
START-UP AFTER SEASONAL PAUSE
- Mount the charged battery (pay attention to polarity)
- Fill the tank with new fuel
- Control the motorcycle as before any start-up (see “Instructions for use” chapter) - Make a short inspection trip.
WARNING: Before storing the motorcycle for the season, check functioning and wear of all components. If maintenance operations,
repairs or modifications are necessary, it is a good idea to have them carried out during the winter time (less busy workshops). In
this way it is possible to avoid long waits in the workshop at the beginning of the spring season.
ENGLISH
68
TECHNICAL D
A
DA
ATA - ENGINE
TECHNICAL D
ATA - ENGINE 250 END/MX/SMX/SMR/SMM - 450 END/MX/SMX/SMR/SMM 200
8
DA
8
DA
2008
TECHNICAL
ENGINE
250
END
250
250
MX/SMX SMM/SMR
Type
450
SMM/SMR
449 cm3
77x53.6 mm
Compression
95x63.4 mm
13.5 : 1
Fuel
11.5 : 1
12.2 : 1
11.5 : 1
unleaded fuel with min. 95 RON
Distribution
DOHC 4 valves driven by silent chain
I / E camshafts
A2 / N2
30 mm
30 mm Ti
24.5 mm 24.5mmTi
Inlet valve cold clearance
mm. 0.20
Exhaust valve cold clearance
mm. 0.25
N2 / N3
30 mm
24.5 mm
Crankshaft supports
N2/N3
SM4 / S4
N2 / N3
36 mm
36 mm Ti
36 mm
31 mm
31 mm Ti
31 mm
mm. 0.20 mm. 0.20
mm. 0.25 mm. 0.20
mm. 0.25 mm. 0.25
mm. 0.25 mm. 0.25
2 ball bearings
Conrod bearing
silver-plated needle cage
Small end plating
coppering
Piston
forged light alloy
Rings
2 rings + 1 oil scraper
Lubrication
double oil pump ( delivery+ drainage)
Engine oil
fully synthetic premium quality oil SAE 10W-50 API SG-SH
Oil capacity
Primary transmission
450
SMX
4 stroke single-cylinder DOHC , liquid cooled
Cylinder bore and stroke
Exhaust valve diameter
450
MX
250 cm3
Displacement
Inlet valve diameter
450
END
1.4 litres
straight toothing gears18 / 67
Clutch
straight toothing gears 20 / 57
multiple discs in oil bath
Gearbox (with front engagement)
5 speed
5 speed
5 speed
5 speed
Gear ratios
1st 14:28 1st 15:27 1st 14:28 1st14:28
1st 16:27
1st 14:28
2nd 17:25 2nd 17:25 2nd 17:25 2nd 17:25
2nd 17:24
2nd17:25
5 speed
5 speed
rd
rd
rd
rd
th
th
th
th
3 19:23 3 19:23 3 19:23 3 19:23
3rd 19:23
th
3 16:19
4 21:21 4 21:21 4 21:21 4 21:21
4 21:21
4th 21:21
5th 24:19 5th 23:20 5th 23:20 5th 24:19
5th 23:20
5th 23:20
Ignition
Generator
rd
Kokusan digital CDI with variable timing
12V 180W
Generator with E.S. optional
-----
12 V 180W 12V 180W
12V180W
Spark plug
-----
12V 180W
12V180W
NGK CR 8E
Electrode gap
0.8 mm
Cooling
liquid cooled 40 % antifreeze, 60 % water(up to -25°C),
forced circulation with pump
Coolant fluid capacity
Start-up
1 litre
E.S.+K.S.
K.S.
(E.S.opt.)
1.3 litres
E.S.+K.S. E.S.+K.S.
1 litre
K.S.
E.S.+K.S.
(E.S.opt.)
LEGEND: E.S. = Electric start K.S. = Kick start
69
ENGLISH
TECHNICAL D
ATA - ENGINE
DA
TECHNICAL D
A
DA
ATA - ENGINE 530 END/MX/SMX/SMR/SMM - 660 SMX 2008
ENGINE
530 END
530 SMX
660 SMX
4 stroke single-cylinder DOHC , liquid cooled
Type
528 cm3
Displacement
Cylinder bore and stroke
Compression
530 SMM/SMR
530 MX
657,5cm3
98x70 mm
11.3 : 1
104 x 77,4 mm
11.9 : 1
Fuel
11.3 : 1
12.4 : 1
12.4 : 1
unleaded fuel with min. 95 RON
Distribution
DOHC 4 valves driven by silent chain
I / E camshafts
N2/N3
SM2/C1
SM1/C1
Inlet valve diameter
36 mm
36 mm Ti
36 mm
36 mm Ti
36mm Ti
Exhaust valve diameter
31 mm
31 mm Ti
31 mm
31 mm Ti
31 mm Ti
Inlet valve cold clearance
mm. 0.20
mm. 0.20
mm. 0.20
mm. 0.20
mm. 0.20
Exhaust valve cold clearance
mm. 0.25
mm. 0.25
mm. 0.25
mm. 0.25
Crankshaft supports
Conrod bearing
coppering
Piston
forged light alloy
Rings
2 rings + 1 oil scraper
Lubrication
fully synthetic premium quality oil SAE 10W-50 API SG-SH
Oil capacity
Primary transmission
1,4 litres
1,0 litre
straight toothing gears 21 / 53
22 / 53
Clutch
multiple discs in oil bath
5 speed
5 speed
a
1 14:28
a
1 16:27
1 14:28
a
a
5 speed
5 speed
a
1a 16:27
a
1 16:27
2 17:25
2 17:24
2 17:25
2 17:24
2a 17:24
3a 19:23
3a 16:19
3a 19:23
3a 16:19
3a 16:19
a
a
4 21:21
4 21:21
4 21:21
4 21:21
4a 21:21
5a 24:19
5a 23:20
5a 23:20
5a 23:20
5a 25:22
12V 180W
-------
a
a
12V 180W
-------
-------
12 V 180W
-------
12 V 180W
Kokusan digital CDI with variable timing
Ignition
Generator with E.S. optional
5 speed
a
a
Generator
1 ring + 1 oil scraper
double oil pump (delivery+ drainage)
Engine oil
Gear ratios
1 ball bearing + 1 roller
silver-plated needle cage
Small end plating
Gearbox (with front engagement)
mm. 0.25
2 ball bearings
NGK CR 8E
Spark plug
0,8 mm
Electrodes gap
liquid cooled 40 % antifreeze, 60 % water (up to -25°C),
Cooling
forced circulation with pump
1,3 litres
Coolant fluid capacity
Start-up
1 litre
E.S.+K.S.
K.S.
(E.S.opt.)
LEGEND: E.S. = Electric start K.S. = Kickstart
ENGLISH
70
E.S.+K.S.
1,3 litres
K.S.
(E.S.opt.)
120
11.0 mm.
3.8
85.0 mm.
120
11.0 mm.
3.8
81.0 mm.
13.0 mm.
Pilot Air Jet
Float height
Acc. pump rod length
Stop screw project.
71
0% throttle
100% throttle
Accelerator pump opening
Accelerator pump closure
Fuel entry nozzle
3,8
Pilot screw
Float height
1,5
1.25 turn
Throttle valve
35% throttle
0% throttle
3,8
1.25 turn
1,5
3rd
3rd
Clip position
45
NCYP
50
NCYP
Jet Needle
Pilot Jet
100% throttle
0% throttle
3,8
1.5 turn
1,5
3rd
NCYP
50
165
FCRD39
180
FCRD39
FCRD39
165
450cc.END
250cc.SMX
13/08
12/08
250cc.MX
40
03/08
11/08
Main Jet
Type
KEIHIN
Accelerator pump nozzle
11.5 mm.
1.0 giri
1.5 giri
Pilot Screw
35
2.0 no holes
2.0 no holes
Throttle valve
Fuel entry nozzle
3rd from top
3rd from top
Clip position
P-6
10E1-52
P-6
10E1-52
50
170
Jet Needle
45
Needle Jet
170
TDMR 38
Type
Pilot Jet
TDMR 41
250cc.
END/SMM/SMR
Main Jet
02/08
450cc.SMR7SMM
530cc.END/SMM/
SMR
01/08
MIKUNI
100% throttle
0% throttle
3,8
1.5 turn
1,5
3rd
OCEMP
45
165
100% throttle
0% throttle
3,8
1.5 turn
1,5
3rd
OCEMP
45
195
FCRD41
450cc.SMX
530cc.SMX
FCRD41
15/08
450cc.MX
530cc.MX
05/08
14/08
04/08
16/08
17/08
07/08
30/10/07
28/09/05
30/10/07
06/08
TM
CING
URET
OR
ABLE
RACING
CARBURET
URETOR
TM RA
RA
CING 4T
4T CARB
CARB
URET
OR SETTING
SETTING T
ABLE MODELS
MODELS 2008
2006
RACING
CARBURET
URETOR
RA
CARB
URET
TM
CING
4T
OR
SETTING
TT
ABLE
MODELS
2008
18/08
08/08
REV
... 01
REV.
REV
01
REV.
REV
01
19/08
09/08
20/08
10/08
CARB
URET
OR SETTINGS
CARBURET
URETOR
ENGLISH
ENGINE TIGHTENING TOR
QUES
ORQ
ENGINE
TIGHTENING
TORQUES
Crankase Allen screws, transmission cover, clutch cover, ignition cover
M6
10 Nm
Oil drain screw cap
M16x1.5
20 Nm
Oil filler screw cap
M20x1.5
20 Nm
Oil net filter screw cap
M28x1.5
15 Nm
Oil cartridge filter cover Allen screws
M6
10 Nm
Engine oil pump body screws
M6
10 Nm
Head-cylinder nuts
M10
40 Nm
Head-cylinder flanged nuts
M8
20 Nm
Head-cylinder flanged nuts
M6
12 Nm
Head-cylinder fastenening screws
M8
20 Nm
Camshaft bearing cap Allen screw
M6
12 Nm
Camshaft cap Allen screws
M6
12 Nm
Distribution chain tensioner Allen screws
M6
10 Nm
Water pump cover Allen screws
M6
10 Nm
Water pump rotor
M8
Loctite 243 + 15 Nm
Head cover Allen screws
M6
10 Nm
Primary transmission pinion nut
M20x1.25
Loctite 270 + 100 Nm
Clutch hub nut
M18x1.5
Loctite 270 + 80 Nm
Clutch springs Allen screws
M6
8 Nm
Starter motor bush csk head Allen screw
M5
Loctite 243 + 6 Nm
Starter motor fastening Allen screws
M6
12 Nm
Mobile chain guide fastening flanged screws
M6
12 Nm
Ignition stator Allen screws
M5
Loctite 243 + 8 Nm
Ignition pickup fastening Allen screws
M5
8 Nm
Allen screws for gear drum lock lever
M6
Loctite 243 + 10 Nm
Ignition flywheel flanged nut
M12x1
60 Nm
Kickstart pedal screw
M8
Loctite 243 + 25 Nm
Gear pedal Allen screw
M6
Loctite 243 + 10 Nm
Exhaust manifold flanged nuts
M6
Loctite 243 + 12 Nm
General screws/nuts
M5
8 Nm
General screws/nuts
M6
10 Nm
General screws/nuts
M8
20 Nm
ENGINE OIL
Only use premium quality fully synthetic oils SAE10W-50 that correspond
to or exceed the quality standards of the API - SG or SH classes
(indication on container).
WARNING
A LEVEL THAT IS TOO LOW, LOW QUALITY OIL OR MAINTENANCE INTERVALS
LONGER THAN ESTABLISHED, CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE.
ENGLISH
72
TECHNICAL D
ATA - CY
CLE P
AR
T
DA
CYCLE
PAR
ART
TECHNICAL D
A
AR
T 250/450/530 END - 250/450/530 MX 2008
DA
CYCLE
PAR
ART
AT
TA
A -- CY
CYCLE P
450 END
250 END
Frame
530 END
250 MX
530 MX
450 MX
Twin-spar high resistance aluminium alloy frame
Front suspension
Marzocchi USD fork / Paioli USD fork (optional Ohlins USD)
Rear/front suspension travel
300/315 mm
Rear suspension
Aluminium swing arm, Progressive mechanical linkage, Sachs rear shock (optional Ohlins)
Front disc brake
Ø 270 mm floating caliper
Rear disc brake
Ø 245 mm floating caliper
Brake disc wear limit
mm. 0.4 below original thickness
Front tyre
90/90 - 21”
Off-road air pressure
Rear tyre
1.1 bar
120/90 - 18”
140/80 - 18”
100/90 - 19”
Off-road air pressure
1.1 bar
Tank capacity
Final transmission
9 litres
13/51
Chain
13/50
13/50
13/51
O-Ring 5/8 x 1/4”
Optional rear sprockets
Bulbs (only END)
110/90 - 19”
13/49
13/49
5/8 x 1/4”
48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53
Headlight/full beam
S212V 45/40W BA20d
(Opt.Cyclops H3 12V 55W PK22s)
Front position light
T4W 12V 4W BA9s
(Opt. Cyclops T10 12V 5W)
Position/stop/number plate light
P21/5W 12V 21/5W BAY15d
Indicator
R10W 12V 10W BA15S
Battery
12V 6Ah
12V 6Ah (only with E.S. opt.)
TIGHTENING TORQUES 250/450/530 END - 250/450/530 MX
Front wheel axle flanged nut
M20x1.5
40 Nm
M8
25 Nm
Front brake disc fastening screws
M6 cl. 10.9
15 Nm
Rear brake disc fastening screws
M6 cl. 10.9
15 Nm
Upper fork head fastening screws
M8
20 Nm
Lower fork head fastening screws
M8
20 Nm
Paioli fork leg fastening screws
M6
12 Nm
Ohlins fork leg fastening screws
M8
12 Nm
Rear wheel axle flanged nut
M22x1.5
80 Nm
Swing arm axle flanged nut
M16x1.5
80 Nm
Handlebar caps fastening screws
M8
20 Nm
Handlebar elastic support nut
M10
35 Nm
Upper end shock nut
M10x1.25
40 Nm
Lower end shock nut
Front brake caliper fastening screws (END,MX)
M10x1.25
35 Nm
Rear sprocket nuts
M8
35 Nm
Rear brake pedal adjustment nut
M6
15 Nm
Engine fastening screws
M10
45 Nm
General frame screws
M6
10 Nm
General frame nuts
73
M8
25 Nm
M10
45 Nm
M6
15 Nm
M8
30 Nm
M10
50 Nm
ENGLISH
TECHNICAL
DA
CYCLE
PAR
ART
DA
CYCLE
PAR
ART
TECHNICAL D
AT
TA
A -- CY
CLE P
T
TECHNICAL D
ATA 250/450/530 SMR/SMM - 250/450/530/660 SMX 2008
DA
250/450/530
SMR
250/450/530
Frame
SMM
250/450/530
SMX
660 SMX
Twin-spar high resistance aluminium alloy frame
Front suspension
Marzocchi USD fork / Paioli USD fork (optional Ohlins USD)
Rear/front suspension travel
Rear suspension
270/280 mm
Aluminium swing arm (Single-arm on SMM), Progressive mechanical linkage, Sachs shock (Ohlins optional)
Ø 320 mm 4-piston caliper
Front disc brake
Ø 320 mm 4-piston radial caliper
Ø 240 mm floating caliper Ø 220 mm rigid caliper
Rear disc brake
Ø 245 mm floating caliper
mm. 0.4 below original thickness
Brake disc wear limit
120/70 - 17”
Front tyre
1.7 bar
“Rider only” air pressure
150/60 - 17”
Rear tyre
165/55 - 17”
1.7 bar
“Rider only” air pressure
9 litres
Tank capacity
13/40
Final transmission
14/46
15/47
5/8 x 1/4”
Chain
39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49
Optional rear sprockets
Bulbs (only SMR/SMM)
Head/high beam light
S212V 45/40W BA20d
(Opt. Ciclope H3 12V 55W PK22s)
Front position light
T4W 12V 4W BA9s
(Opt. Ciclope T10 12V 5W)
Rear position/stop/number plate light P21/5W 12V 21/5W BAY15d
Indicator
Battery
TIGHTENING
R10W 12V 10W BA15S
12V 6Ah
TORQUES
250/450/530
SMR/SMM
12V 6Ah (only with E.S. opt.)
-
Front wheel axle flanged nut
Front brake caliper fastening screws (SMR,SMM,SMX)
Rear brake caliper fastening screws (SMM)
250/450/530/660
SMX
M20x1,5
40 Nm
M10
40 Nm
M8
25 Nm
Front brake disc fastening screws
M6 cl. 10.9
15 Nm
Rear brake disc fastening screws(SMR,SMX)
M6 cl. 10.9
15 Nm
Rear brake disc fastening nut (SMM)
M8
25 Nm
Upper fork head fastening screws
M8
20 Nm
Lower fork head fastening screws
M8
20 Nm
Paioli fork leg fastening screws
M6
12 Nm
Ohlins fork leg fastening screws
M8
12 Nm
Rear wheel axle flanged nut
M22x1,5
80 Nm
Swing arm axle flanged nut
M16x1.5
80 Nm
M8
20 Nm
Handlebar caps fastening screws
Handlebar elastic support nut
M10
35 Nm
Upper end shock nut
M10x1.25
40 Nm
Lower end shock screws
M10x1.25
35 Nm
Rear sprocket nuts
M8
35 Nm
Rear brake pedal adjustment nut
M6
15 Nm
Engine fastening screws
M10
45 Nm
Rear wheel nut(SMM)
M50
185 Nm
M12x1.25
31 Nm
M6
10 Nm
M8
25 Nm
M10
45 Nm
M6
15 Nm
M8
30 Nm
M10
50 Nm
Rear hub locking screws (SMM)
General frame screw
General frame nuts
ENGLISH
74
ALPHABETIC INDEX
Page
ADVICE AND GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
COMMISSIONING THE MOTORCYCLE ........................................... 21
Adjustment of chain tension (all models except SMM).....................43
Adjustment of chain tension (SMM).................................................44
Adjustment of clutch lever basic position ....................................... 60
ALPHABETIC INDEX ....................................................................... 75
Basic calibration of the chassis on the basis of pilot weight ........... 40
Basic indications for TM disc brakes ............................................. 45
Basic indications regarding carburetor wear................................. 61
Battery (all models with E.S.) ......................................................... 53
Battery charge ............................................................................. 54
Bike starting.....................................................................................26
Bleeding hydraulic clutch ............................................................. 60
Brake pedal ................................................................................... 16
Braking ........................................................................................... 28
“By-Pass” command(hot starter) ................................................ 15
Carburetor - Idle speed adjustment ................................................ 61
CARBURETOR SETTINGS ............................................................... 71
Chain maintenance ......................................................................... 44
Chain wear..................................................................................... 45
Change engine oil ........................................................................... 63
Check/adjustment magnet sensor distance .................................. 53
Check before every start-up ........................................................ 24
Check chain tension ...................................................................... 43
Check coolant level ...................................................................... 58
Check engine oil level ................................................................... 63
Check front brake fluid level ......................................................... 47
Check front brake pads ................................................................ 47
Check fuel level (float height) ....................................................... 62
Check hand decompressor adjustment ......................................... 59
Check hydraulic clutch oil level ..................................................... 60
Check rear brake fluid level .......................................................... 49
Check rear brake pads ................................................................. 50
Check spoke tension ..................................................................... 52
Check steering bearings and play adjustment .............................. 38
Check telescopic fork basic calibration ......................................... 41
Choke command (cold starter) ....................................................... 15
CLEANING ..................................................................................... 68
Cleaning telescopic fork dust scraper.............................................39
Cleaning the air filter ...................................................................... 59
Clutch lever .................................................................................... 10
Cold engine start
.............................................................. 25
Combination switch (END/SMR/SMM) ............................................. 13
Combination switch supplied with Electronic digital
backlit display tachometer ................................................................ 13
Control pilot lights ........................................................................ 10
Cooling ........................................................................................... 57
Disassembly and assembly of front wheel ................................... 50
Disassembly and assembly of rear wheel (all except SMM) ......... 51
Disassembly and assembly of rear wheel (SMM) .......................... 52
Electronic digital backlit display tachometer (END/ SMR/SMM) ......... 12
Electronic tachometer (END/SMR/SMM)........................................... 11
Emptying, filling and bleeding of the cooling system........................58
Emptying the carburetor float bowl..................................................62
Engine number ............................................................................... 8
Engine oil ....................................................................................... 63
Engine stop switch (MX/SMX) ....................................................... 13
ENGINE TIGHTENING TORQUES.......................................................72
Establishing rear shock lowering in running order ........................ 40
Establishing rear shock static lowering ........................................ 41
Fork adjustment in compression .................................................... 17
Fork adjustment in rebound .......................................................... 18
Page
FRAME AND ENGINE MAINTENANCE .............................................. 37
Frame number ................................................................................ 8
Free play adjustment of front brake lever ....................................... 46
Front brake lever ............................................................................ 10
Fuel ................................................................................................ 29
Fuel filler cap...................................................................................14
Fuel tap .......................................................................................... 14
Gear shift pedal...............................................................................16
Idle speed adjustment command .................................................... 15
If the engine is “flooded! ................................................................ 26
Ignition switch ............................................................................... 17
Indications for first start-up .......................................................... 22
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE .............................................................. 23
Kickstart pedal................................................................................ 16
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION TABLE .................................... 31
Manual decompressor lever .......................................................... 10
Mode selection and reset .............................................................. 11
Modification of rear brake pedal base position .............................. 49
Oil circuit ........................................................................................ 62
OPERATING CONTROLS ............................................................... 9
POSITION OF SERIAL NUMBER ...................................................... 7
PRECAUTIONS FOR WINTER USE .................................................. 68
Programming the clock ................................................................... 12
Programming the electronic tachometer ......................................... 11
Rear suspension mechanical linkage ............................................. 42
Recharge fuse (all models with E.S.) ............................................ 55
Replacement of direction indicator bulb ......................................... 56
Replacement of exhaust silencer packing material..........................58
Replacement of fork springs .......................................................... 42
Replacement of front brake pads ................................................... 48
Replacement of headlight/position light bulb (with cyclops) ........... 56
Replacement of headlight/position light bulb .................................. 55
Replacement of rear brake pads .................................................... 50
Replacement of rear position/stop/numberplate light bulb
(END/ SMR/SMM) ........................................................................... 56
Running in instructions
.............................................................. 22
Services fuse (all models with lights) ............................................ 55
Setting the distance travelled ......................................................... 12
Shifting gear, accelerating, slowing down .................................. 26
Side stand ...................................................................................... 16
Side stand fixing for off-road routes...............................................17
Shock absorber adjustment in compression....................................18
Shock absorber adjustment in rebound ......................................... 19
Shock absorber calibration and spring check ................................ 40
Start command and emergency stop
(END/MXe.s./SMXe.s./SMR/SMM) ................................................... 14
Start-up after seasonal pause ....................................................... 68
Steering lock .................................................................................. 20
Stopping and parking ..................................................................... 28
STORAGE ..................................................................................... 68
TECHNICAL DATA-CYCLE PART ............................................... 73-74
TECHNICAL DATA - ENGINE ..................................................... 69/70
Telescopic fork vent screws ......................................................... 39
Throttle cable command adjustment .............................................. 60
Top-up front brake fluid ................................................................. 47
Top-up rear brake fluid ................................................................... 49
TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................................... 66
Tyres, tyre pressure ...................................................................... 53
Variation of rear shock spring preload ........................................... 42
Variation of telescopic fork preload .............................................. 41
Warm engine start .......................................................................... 25
WIRING DIAGRAM .............................................................. appendix
75
ENGLISH
76
BLACK-GREEN
BLACK-YELLOW
YELLOW
RED
BLACK-PURPLE
SWITCH
(BLACK BUTTON)
ENGINE
START
(RED BUTTON)
ENGINE
RUN/STOP
SKY BLUE
(TO LIGHTS/HORN)
NOT USED
DC+
BLACK-YELLOW
BLACK-GREEN
BLACK
REG/RECT
BLACK-GREEN
BLACK-YELLOW
BLACK
WHITE
BROWN
FURUKAWA 6 POLES CONNECTOR
(REGULATOR SIDE)
DC-
BLACK-YELLOW
RED-BLACK
SUMITOMO 3 POLES FEMALE
SUMITOMO 3 POLES MALE
F68131 FUSIBILE 10A IMPERMEABILE IMP. LUCI
F68131 SEALED 10A FUSE FOR LIGHTS
ACG
PULSER
WHITE
GREEN
SUMITOMO 2 POLES MALE
RED
SKY BLUE
RED
WHITE
YELLOW
BLACK
SUMITOMO 2 POLES FEMALE
STARTER
RELAIS
30A
ENGLISH
BLACK
SKY BLUE
ORANGE
BLACK
KWHITE
STARTER
MOTOR
+
-
23/05/05
E.ROSSI
PESARO
R
SPARK PLUG
COIL
TERMINAL No
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
10
9
TERMINAL NAME WIRE COLOR TERMINAL No TERMINAL NAME WIRE COLOR
PULSER BROWN
2
PULSER +
WHITE
NO USE (GND)
4
NO USE (OPEN)
NO USE (GND)
6
SW.
RXD
8
TXD
GND
BLACK-PURPLE
RED
10
BATTERY +
NO USE (GND)
12
IGN. COIL PRIMARY SKY BLUE
GND
BLACK
14
NO USE (OPEN)
PHASE SIG
BLACK-GREEN
BLACK-YELLOW
16
PHASE SIG
15 16
13 14
11 12
SOST. IL N°
SOST. DAL N°
STATO
MATERIALE
FINITURA
TRATTAMENTO
GRUPPO
MODIFICA
F 68133
DIS.
IGNITION WIRING DIAGRAM E.S. WITH BATTERY
SCHEMA ELETTRICO ACCENSIONE CON BATTERIA E.S. MOD. 2006
DENOMINAZIONE
4 STROKE
4 TEMPI
PZ.
DATA
SCHEMA PER ACCENSIONE CON CONNETTORI PROTETTI
WIRING DIAGRAM FOR IGNITION WITH SEALED CONNECTORS
MACCHINA
WHITE-BLUE
BLACK
SKY BLUE
BLACK-PURPLE
6
8
7
4
3
5
2
1
A TERMINE DI LEGGE E' RIGOROSAMENTE VIETATO RIPRODURRE O COMUNICARE A TERZI IL CONTENUTO DEL PRESENTE ELABORATO
SCALA
DATA
VISTO
DIS.
12V BATTERY
+
INTERFACE
K2164
CDI UNIT
CONNECTION FOR DATA CHANGE - NOT AVAILABLE FOR PRODUCTION
WIRING DIA
GRAMS
DIAGRAMS
ACG
PULSER
77
RED-WHITE
YELLOW
WHITE
BLACK-RED
SUMITOMO 4 POLES FEMALE
SUMITOMO 4 POLES MALE
BLACK-RED
WHITE
YELLOW
RED-WHITE
GREEN (-)
WHITE (+)
GREEN (-)
WHITE (+)
SPARK PLUG
COIL
BLACK-WHITE
WHITE-BLUE
SUMITOMO 2 POLES MALE
SUMITOMO 2 POLES FEMALE
KILL SWITCH
SUMITOMO 2 POLES MALE
BROWN
WHITE-BLUE
EXCITER +
EXCITER NOT USED
SIGNAL
6
7
8
9
BLUE
BLACK
YELLOW
SUMITOMO
3 POLES MALE
SUMITOMO
3 POLES FEMALE
TPS
SENSOR
19/05/05
BLUE
RED
TxD
12V
1
2
11
3
12
STATO
MATERIALE
FINITURA
TRATTAMENTO
4
13
5
14
6
15
7
16
8
17
9
18
SOST. DAL N°
F 68135
DIS.
GRUPPO
MODIFICA
PZ.
DATA
VIEW OF JAE 18 POLES CONNECTOR
(CDI BOX SIDE)
10
IGNITION WIRING DIAGRAM MX/SMX 2006
SCHEMA ELETTRICO ACCENSIONE MX/SMX 2006
SOST. IL N°
GREEN
YELLOW
NMI
RxD
BLACK
BLUE
YELLOW
TPS GND
TPS 5V
TPS SENSOR
WHITE
GREEN
PULSER -
WIRE COLOR
PULSER +
TERMINAL NAME
4 STROKE
4 TEMPI
DENOMINAZIONE
MACCHINA
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
TERMINAL No
A TERMINE DI LEGGE E' RIGOROSAMENTE VIETATO RIPRODURRE O COMUNICARE A TERZI IL CONTENUTO DEL PRESENTE ELABORATO
SCALA
DATA
VISTO
E.ROSSI
R
YELLOW
-
RED-WHITE
BLACK-RED
BROWN
-
-
BLACK
WIRE COLOR
WHITE-BLUE
PESARO
NOT USED
NOT USED
KILL SWITCH
3
4
5
GND
2
TERMINAL NAME
IGNITION PRIMARY
DIS.
BLACK
CDI UNIT
BLACK
INTERFACE
WITH PC
K2B44
CONNECTION FOR TPS - NOT AVAILABLE FOR PRODUCTION
TERMINAL No
1
BLACK-WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
SUMITOMO 2 POLES FEMALE
RED
BLUE
YELLOW
YELLOW
RED
BLUE
BLUE
GREEN (OPEN)
YELLOW
SUMITOMO 6 POLES MALE
GREEN
SUMITOMO 6 POLES FEMALE
CONNECTION FOR DATA CHANGE - NOT AVAILABLE FOR PRODUCTION
WIRING DIAGRAMS
DIAGRAMS
WIRING
ENGLISH
ENGLISH
78
79
ENGLISH
ENGLISH
80