IRIPP~U7E POWER PROTEC~ON P I ~ 1111W.35lhStmt Chicago. lL 60609 USA CustomarSupport: (773)8641234 www.trippliia.com - 3 :'A- -. - c I ~pPaM'iE POWER PROTECTION t 1111 W. 35th Street Chicago, IL 60609 USA Customer Support: (773) 869-1234 www.tripplite.com 93-132s (9m3058) 11/99 @u-l.~.rh., ---- . - .-- -- - - - Copynpht 0 199'4 Tnpp Lte All n ~ h t sruervd - a _ _ -- - - . Advanced, 3-Stage Battery Charger Stage 2 Absorption k ! i. . ""'d CHARGING P OFlLE Automatic Overload Protection Load Sharing (Select models only) If you overload your APS, it will automatically protect itself and your valuable batteries from damage. Select APS models can be set to limit their own charging functions so they can charge their batteries at the quickest rate possible without overloading their power input circuits. Frequency-Controlled Output (Invert Mode) High Efficiency Output Your APS controls its output frequency so frequency-sensitive equipment can operate properly. Your APS's advanced circuitry produces a more efficient DC-to-AC conversion, minimizing energy loss. This allows you to run connected equipment longer between battery charges. The APS will maintain this highly-efficient output even as the battery charge decreases. Load 'Sense Your APS conserves battery power by shutting down its inverter when it is not supporting a load. You can choose at what minimum load your APS will activate its inverter. Multi-Function Indicator Lights Several sets of multifunction indicator lights keep you constantly informed of battery charge levels, fault conditions and APS operation. Multi-Operation Switches An array of user-configurable switches gives you convenient options when operating your APS. You can select the voltage level at which your APS's inverter will turn on to maximize equipment protection and minimize battery drain; set your APS for maximum charging efficiency with your battery type; even set up your APS for remote control operation. Automatic Voltage Regulation (Select models only) : Your APS recharges your battery faster than conventional chargers because its three-stage charger profile (Bulk, Absorption and Float) are optimized, regardless-of-the type of battery you._^^.-use (Wet or Gel).* In addition, the advanced charging system protects against over-chargeand over-discharge to ensure a longer service life from your battery. * 7he Ahsorprion and Floor levels vary according ro barrer). rype which is field selecrahlc as eirher "Wer' or "Gel' cell. Congratulations! You've purchased the most advanced, feature-rich integrated inverter~battery charger on the market. Your APS provides your equipment with utility-suppliedAC power when it is available, and during blackouts, overvoltages and brownouts, your APS automatically switches over to an external battery source to power connected equipment with voltage and frequencycontrolled AC power. In addition to reliable APS performance, your model features: ; ; 4 'VR' APS models regulate incoming AC power, 'boosting' or 'cutting' the voltage to keep your equipment running through brownouts and overvoltages without draining battery power. Frequency Controlled Inverter Output I I I I I All APS models feature Frequency Controlled Inverter Output which allows devices dependent on AC line frequency (such as computers, VCRs, CD players, tape recorders, clocks and turntables) to operate properly. Your APS is therefore ideal for any of these applications: computers microwaves sump pumps power tools and more! kitchen appliances refrigerators electric motors tape recorders CD players VCRs lights turntables CONFIGURATION DIP SWITCH SETTINGS This manual contains important instructions and warnings that should be followed during the installation, operation and storage of all Tripp Lite APS Systems. DIP SWITCH GROUP A (All models1 BA77ERY TYPE/ VOLTAGE POINT APS Location Warnings -- Install your APS indoors, away from excess moisture or heat, dust or direct sunlight. Leave adequate space around all sides of the APS for proper ventilation. The heavier the load of connected equipment, the more heat will be generated by the APS. *- Do n o t i t h d P S marmagneticstoragemedia;-asthis mayresult In data wrmpttan~ ! Battery Connection Warnings You must connect batteries in order for any APS model to operate. Multiple battery systems must be made up of batteries of the same voltage, age, amp hour capacity and type. Keep battery location well ventilated. Explosive hydrogen gas can accumulate near batteries if they are not kept well ventilated. Sparks may result during final battery connection. Do not allow objects to contact the two DC input terminals. Do not short or bridge these terminals together. Serious injury to property or person could result. Select-Battery_Type ~.~ ~p (DIP Switch #1, Group A) ~ ~~ ' CALITION: The Banery Type DIP Switch sening must march rhe type of banerirs you connecr or your hunerics may he degraded or damaged over an mended period of rime. See "Barrcry Selecrion." page 7 for more infomarion .. &itch Posltlon Gel Cell (Sealed) Battery ............................. UP Wet Cell (Vented) Battery ........................... Down* Cell Select High AC Voltage Switch To Battery Point (DIP Switch #2. Group . A) , Switch Pos 145V ............................................................. UP 135V ............................................................. Down' YQ&Q Do not use Tripp Lite APS Systems in life support applications where a malfunction or failure of a Tripp Lite APS System could cause failure or significantly alter the performance of a life support device. Do not connect a surge suppressor, line conditioner or UPS to the output of the APS. Corded models: Do not remove or modify the ground pin of the APS's plug. Do not use Weprong adaptors with the APS's plug. Connect your APS only to a properly grounded, three-wire AC power outlet. Do not plug your APS into itself; this will damage the APS and void your warranty. Select Low AC Voltage Switch To Battery Point (DIP Switches #4, Group A & #3, Group A) #4 Up & #3 nperation Warnings Your APS does not require routine maintenance. Do not open your APS for any reason. There are no user-serviceable parts inside. Potentially lethal voltages exist within this unit as long as the battery supply is connected. During any service work, the battery supply and AC input connection (if any) should therefore be disconnected. Do not connect or disconnect batteries while the APS is operating from the battery supply. - Batkum~ luipment Connection Warnings I Using a small tool, set the 4 'Battery Type I Voltage Point" Configuration DIP Switches, Group A (located on the front panel of your APS; see Diagram 1, p. 32) to select battery type and set the voltage range outside of which your APS will switch to battery power. ( I own #4 Down & #3 Up #4 Down & #3 Down Most loads will perform adequately when your APS's High AC Voltage Point DIP Switch #2 is set to 135V and its Low AC Voltage Point DIP Switches #3 and #4 are set to 95V However. if your APS frequently switches to battery power due to momentary higMow line voltage swings that would have little effect on equipment operation, you may wish to adjust these settings. By raising the High AC Voltage Switch to Battery point and/or loweringthe Low AC Voltage Switch to Battery Point, you may reduce the number of times your APS switches to battery due to voltage swings. Factory default wnings. DIP SWITCH GROUP B (Available on Select Models) LOAiD SHARING/EQUALIZE BATTERY CHARGE Usinglasmall tool, setthemLoadSharing'Configuration DIP Switches, #1 and#2of Group B (located on thc3 front panel of your APS; see Diagram 1, p. 32). DIP Switch #3, Group B should be kept in the '1JP' position when you are not equalizing your batteries' charges. DIP Switch #4, Group B has no function. I Selecting Battery Type I I Load Sharing -- - (DIP Switches #1, Group B & #2, Group B) Your APS features a high-output battery charger that can draw a significant amount of power from your line power source when charging at its maximum rate. If an APS is supplying its full AC power ratingto its connected load at the same time as it is charging, it could trip its line source circuit breaker. Trippingthis breaker will cut off AC power to your load and stop batterycharging. To reduce thechanceof tripping this breaker, select APS models may be set to automatically limit their charger output to keep the sum of their AC load and charger power within their circuit breakers' rating. This charger limiting function has four settings, allowing you to choose less charger limiting for APS configurations with higher rated breakers. The figures below show how to set your DIP Switches to select how heavy a load can be placed on your APS before charger limiting begins. Even rhough APS models arc high-eficiency converrcrs of elecrriciry, their rared ourpur capaciries arc limircd by rhe amphour size of rhc exrcrnal bancries. ** You musr scr Configurarion DIP Swirch # I . Group A (Bancry Type) ro march rhr r?pe of barrcries you connecr or your h r r c r i c s may bc degraded or damaged over an cxrcndcd period of rime. See 'APS Configurarion.' page 5 for more infomarion.) Selecting~BatteryAmp Hour Capacity Most Limiting w a r L Limiting Charger limiting begins ar when rhc APSs load reaches 66% of rhc APSs load raring. Charger ourpur falls gradually from f u l l ourpur or 66% of rhc APSk load raring to abour 40% of full ourpur or full load. #1 Down  Up ~- ~ - -~ - - p Stel, 2 : Divide theTotal Wattage Required (from Step 1) by the battery voltage to determine the DC Amperes Required. SkfGk Charger limiring begins when rhe APSs load reaches 33% of rhe APSk load raring. Charger ourpur falls gradually from f u l l ourpur or 33% of rhc APSs load raring ro abour 40% of full ourpur or f u l l load Multiply the DC Amperes Required (from Step 2) by the number of hours you estimate will pass without AC power before your battery can recharge to determine a Battery Amp-Hours Required Rough Estimate." Less Limiting #1 Up & #2 Down #1 & #2 Up - SteD 1; Add the Wattage Ratings of your connected equipment to determine the Total Wattage Required.' Battery Charger Limiting Points Chargcr limiring rakes cffecr rhe momcnr any load is applied: chargcr ourpur f a l l s gradually from full ourpur ar no load ro no ourpvl ar full load Thir is rhe f a tory default scrring. I Select a battery or system of batteries that will provide your APS with proper DC voltage and an adequate amp hour capacity: Select 'Deep-Cycle' batteries to enjoy optimum performance from your APS. Batteries of either Wet-Cell (vented) or Gel-CelVAbsorbedGlass Mat (sealed) construction are ideal. 6 Volt "golf-cart," Marine Deep-Cycle or 8D Deep-Cycle batteries are also acceptable." Compensate for inefficiency by multipling your Battery Amp-Hour Required Rough Estimate (from Step 3) by 1.2 to determine how many amp-hours of battery backup (from one or several batteries) you should connect to your APS." Note that the Amp-Hour ratings of batteries are usually given for a 20 hour discharge rate. Actual Amp-Hour capacities are less when batteries are discharged at faster rates: batteries discharged in 55 minutes provide only about 50% of their listed Amp-Hour ratings, while batteries discharged in 9 minutes provide as little as 30% of their Amp-Hour ratings. Thc wanage raring u uually stared in rhc rquipmenr's manuals or on rhrir namcplarcs. If your equipmcnr is rared in No charger limiring occurs ar any load size. ampercs, conven ro warrs by mulriplying rhc ampere raring by your ~ m i n a AC l line voltage (120). ** Your charging amps multiplied by rhe charging hours musr crcecd rhc discharge amp-hours rakcn from rhc barrcrics bcwcen charges or you will evcnrually run down your bancry bank. No Limiting #1 & #2 Down' Equalize Battery Charge (DIP Switch #3, Group B) This DIP Switch allows you to equalize the internal resistance of your battery's cells. The .process is automatic and once started can only be stopped by removing the input power. I SElTiNG PROCEDURE: 1) Move to 'Equalize' (DOWN) position for three seconds. 2) Move to 'Reset' (UP) position and leave it there. Switch P o1 "iotsi Reset ............................. ..............................UP' Equalize ...................................................... Down Factory defaulr senings. Reset Equalize lnstall two 8 mm (114 in.) fasteners' into a rigid horizontalsurface using the measurements in the diagram. (Leave the heads of fasteners raised slightly above the horizontal surface in order to engage the slots in the APS's two front feet.) Slide APS forward to fully engage the fasteners in the APS's front feet. Install two 8 mm (114 in.) fasteners in the APS's two rearfeet. Tighten the rear screws to permanently hold your APS in position. I CAUTION:Battery charge equalization should only beperformed in strict accordance with the battery manufacturer's instructions and speciflations. l%m@amW (See Diagram 2, p. 32). Rccommcnded for vehicular insrallarion and orher applicarions requiring pcrmanenr, secure mounring. All fmencrs arc user-supplied Turn OFF your APS and disconnccr ir complcrcly before mounring. I Hardwired Electrical Connections (All hardwire models) 1. Connect your APS's positive DC Terminal directly to a fuse. UL recommends that you install a recognized UL component fuse block and fuse within 18 inches of the battery. The fuse's rating must equal or exceed the minimum fuse rating listed in your APS model's specifications on pages 14 or 15. 2 Choose a battery configuration appropriate to your batteries. Single Battery Connection: Refer to Diagram 4, page 33. When using a single battery, its voltage must be equal to the voltage of your APS's lnverter Nominal lnput Voltage (see specs.) Parallel Battery Connection: Refer to Diagram 5, page 33. When using multiple batteries in parallel, each battery's voltage must be equal to the voltage of your APS's Inverter Nominal lnput Voltage (see specs.) Series Battery Connection: Refer to Diagram 6, page 33. When using multiple batteries in series, all batteries must be equal in voltage and amp hour capacity, and the sum of their voltages must be equal tothe voltage of your APS's lnverter Nominallnput Voltage (see specs.) " Use the SHORTEST and HEAVIEST GAUGE battery cabling. Use #4 cabling for DC cable lengths up to 10 feet. Use #2 cabling for lengths up to 16 ft. Shorter and heavier gauge cabling limits DC voltage drop and allows for maximum transfer of current.' 'APS models ore ropublc of delivering a much higher worruge ourpur for brief periods o j rime. Wiring should be configured ro W c rhis brief high-currcnr druw. Though your APS is u high-eficiency conveners of elecrriciry, irs mted owpw copmiry u limircd by rhc length ond gauge of rhc wires m ' n g from rhc boncry ro rhc APS. Refer to the electrical schematic. Diagram 3 on page 32, for proper electrical connection of hardwired APS models. Consult a qualified electrician and follow all applicable electricalcodes and requirements. 1) Loosen screws and remove cover plate from your APS's HardwireAC electrical box. Remove the knockout covers closest to the desired electrical source and to your equipment. 2) Thread your wires through strain reliefs and through the knockouts. 3) Connect both input and output ground wires to the ground (green) terminal. 4) Connect the incoming hot wire to the input hot (brown) terminal. 5) Connect the incoming neutral wire to the input neutral (blue) terminal. 6) Connect the outgoing hot wire to the output hot (black) terminal. 7) Connect the outgoing neutral wire to the output neutral (white) terminal. 8) Tighten and affix strain reliefs. Replace cover plate and tighten screws. AC lnput Electrical Connection (All corded models) Plug the line cord into an outlet providing 120V AC, 60 Hz. power. Make sure that the circuit you connect your APS to has adequate overload protection, such as a circuit breaker or a fuse. '., APS systems may permanently mounted in a car, truck or boat and connected to draw power from the vehicle's battery. Note: do not connect a 24V or 36V APS to a vehicle's battery. There are two main ways to make this sort of vehicular battery connection. Choose the Basic Connection if you are running light hand tools or other small appliances for a brief period of time (seeDiagram 7, p. 34). Choose the Advanced Connection if you are using your APS to power heavy loads for extended periods of time (see Diagram 8, p. 34). The Advanced Connection incorporates a batteq isolator and separate battery system to provide battery power to your APS while preventing it from draining your vehicle's battery. Note: Depending on your application, you may require more than 12V Deep Cycle Battery. h:N s w o p d pur APS fmm an &mator wichoul a b a i f q connecrcd as shown in Diu#mx 7 or 8, p. 34 AC Output Electrical Connection (All corded models) Simply plug your equipment into the unit's AC receptacles. Set Operating Mode Switch 1 Switch to 'AUTOIREMOTE" when you are using connected equipment. ADVANTAGE: Provides battery backup power during blackouts or brownouts. Note: When the swltch is in the "AUTOIREMOTE' position, you can operate a usersupplied swltch to transfer between battery-backup and chargeonly modes. (See Remote Connector description on page 10.) Pzfore AC connection, match the power requirements of your equipment with the power output of your APS to avoid overload. When figuring the power requirements of your equipment, do not confuse 'continuous' power ratings with 'peak' power ratings. Electric motors require more power to turn on ('peak power') than they require to wn continuously. 'Peak' power ratings are usually 2 to 5 times 'Continuous' ratings. Most electric motors require 'peak power' only when they are turned on. The elecbic motors in equipment such as refrigerators and sump pumps, however. constantly turn on and off according to demand. These motors require 'peak power' at multiple, unpredictable times during their operation. 8 Switch to "CHARGE ONLY" when you are not using connected equipment. (WARNING! APS will not provide battery backup!) ADVANTAGES: A) Continuesto charge battery when power is present, and 8) Turns OFF the APSs inverter, preventing battery drain during blackouts or brownouts. Switch to "OFF to completely turn off the APS and connected equipment or to reset the APS after it has shut down due to overload or oveheating.