DigiDesign MachineControl Specifications

SYNC I/O Guide
Version 1.1
For Pro Tools TDM 6.x Systems on Windows or Macintosh
Digidesign
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard
Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA
tel: 650·731·6300
fax: 650·731·6399
Technical Support (USA)
tel: 650·731·6100
fax: 650·731·6384
Product Information (USA)
tel: 650·731·6102
tel: 800·333·2137
International Offices
Visit the Digidesign Web site
for contact information
Web Site
www.digidesign.com
Copyright
This guide is copyrighted ©2004 by Digidesign, a division of
Avid Technology, Inc. (hereafter “Digidesign”), with all rights
reserved. Under copyright laws, this guide may not be
duplicated in whole or in part without the written consent of
Digidesign.
DIGIDESIGN, AVID and PRO TOOLS are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Digidesign and/or Avid Technology,
Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
Product features, specifications, system requirements and
availability are subject to change without notice.
PN 932914128-00 REV A 09/04
Communications & Safety Regulation Information
Compliance Statement
The model SYNC I/O complies with the following standards
regulating interference and EMC:
• FCC Part 15 Class A
• EN55103 – 1, environment E4
• EN55103 – 2, environment E4
• AS/NZS 3548 Class A
• CISPR 22 Class A
Radio and Television Interference
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules.
Communications Statement
This equipment has been tested to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device. Changes or modifications to this product
not authorized by Digidesign, Inc., could void the Certification
and negate your authority to operate the product. This product
was tested for CISPR compliance under conditions that
included the use of peripheral devices and shielded cables and
connectors between system components. Digidesign
recommends the use of shielded cables and connectors
between system components to reduce the possibility of
causing interference to radios, television sets, and other
electronic devices.
Safety Statement
This equipment has been tested to comply with USA and
Canadian safety certification in accordance with the
specifications of UL Standards; UL6500 and Canadian CSA
standard; CSA C22.2 No.1-M90. Digidesign Inc., has been
authorized to apply the appropriate UL & CUL mark on its
compliant equipment.
Important Safety Instructions
1) Read these instructions.
2) Keep these instructions.
3) Heed all warnings.
4) Follow all instructions.
5) Do not use this apparatus near water.
6) Clean only with dry cloth.
7) Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8) Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat
registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that
produce heat.
9) Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or
grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one
wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and
a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are
provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into
your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the
obsolete outlet.
10) Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched
particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point
where they exit from the apparatus.
11) Only use attachments/accessories specified by the
manufacturer.
12) Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table
specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus.
When a cart is used, use caution when moving the
cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over.
13) Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when
unused for long periods of time.
14) Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing
is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way,
such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been
spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus
has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate
normally, or has been dropped.
contents
Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
SYNC I/O Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Digidesign Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
About the Pro Tools Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
About www.digidesign.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chapter 2. Installation and Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Hardware Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
MachineControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Synchronization and Time Code Connections to Machines, Decks, and Other Devices . . . . . . . 11
Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Configuring Pro Tools|HD and SYNC I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
MachineControl Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Software Configuration for SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Configuring Pro Tools|24 MIX with SYNC I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Updating SYNC I/O Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Chapter 3. SYNC I/O Hardware and Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
SYNC I/O Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
SYNC I/O Back Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Chapter 4. Using SYNC I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
SYNC I/O Controls in Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility, and the SYNC I/O Front Panel 34
Front Panel Generator/Parameter Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Clock References and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Positional Reference and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Contents
iii
Compensating for Time Code Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Generating & Regenerating Time Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Generating a Window Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Chapter 5. Additional Operational Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Front Panel Generator/Parameter Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Using Fader Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Calibrating the SYNC I/O Oscillator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Restoring Factory Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Managing and Selecting Video Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Appendix A. Additional Synchronization Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Video and VITC Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
LTC Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Auto-Switch LTC/VITC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Digital Clock Signal Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Bi-Phase/Tach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Pilot Tone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Appendix B. Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Appendix C. Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
LTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Bi-Phase/GPI/Pilot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Bi-phase/Tach OptoCoupler Input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
GPI Relay Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
GPI (TTL)/MTC Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
GPI (opto) Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
SYNC I/O Serial Cable Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Bi-phase/Tach/GPI/Pilot Port Interfacing Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
iv
Sync I/O Guide
chapter 1
Introduction
Welcome to the Digidesign SYNC I/O, a multipurpose synchronization peripheral for
Pro Tools systems. The SYNC I/O supports all
Pro Tools sample rates, and synchronizes to all
major time code and clock reference standards
used in audio, video, film, and multimedia production.
SYNC I/O can also be used as a stand-alone synchronization device.
SYNC I/O with Pro Tools
Pro Tools|HD With Pro Tools|HD, SYNC I/O provides highly accurate lock to time code. Most
SYNC I/O settings are available directly from
within Pro Tools.
Pro Tools|24 MIX With Pro Tools|24 MIX,
SYNC I/O supports all features of the Digidesign
USD (Universal Slave Driver), and emulates a
USD on-screen in Pro Tools.
SYNC I/O in Stand-Alone Mode
SYNC I/O can be used as a stand-alone synchronization converter, time code generator, clock
generator and time code character generator.
Throughout this guide, the term stand-alone refers to systems using SYNC I/O but not using
Pro Tools. In stand-alone mode, SYNC I/O is
connected to time code and clock signals as
needed, and configured from the front panel.
Optionally, while in stand-alone mode, the
SYNC I/O can be controlled remotely from a
computer using the SYNC I/O Setup software
utility.
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
(Windows Only)
The SYNC I/O Setup software utility can be used
with or without Pro Tools to control all
SYNC I/O features from any supported Windows computer. The SYNC I/O Setup utility also
provides firmware updating capabilities for
SYNC I/O.
Chapter 1: Introduction
1
SYNC I/O Features
SYNC I/O supports all Pro Tools|HD sample
rates: 44.1, 48, 88.2, 96, 176.4, and 192 kHz.
SYNC I/O provides the following synchronization features with Pro Tools|HD. (Not all of
these features are available on Pro Tools|24
MIX-series systems.)
Supported Positional Reference Sources
• LTC
• VITC
• Bi-phase/Tach
• Internal Time Code Generator
Other Features
• Front panel controls and a large LED display of time code and parameters
• Integrated control of SYNC I/O from
Pro Tools
• Time Code Character Generator
• Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode
• Fader start, provided through GPI output,
for remote transport control from select
Pro Tools fader movement
• SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows
only)
• SYNC I/O firmware that can be updated at
any time for future upgrades
• Serial Time Code
Supported Clock Reference Sources
Available Controls in Stand-Alone
Mode
• Loop Sync (HD only)
• Reference Video
• Composite Video Input
• Word Clock
• AES/EBU Null
If you are using SYNC I/O in stand-alone mode
(without Pro Tools), you can control it with the
SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows
only), or with the switches on the front panel of
the SYNC I/O.
• Pilot Tone
• Internal Crystal
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
• Bi-phase/Tach
(Windows Only)
• LTC
Output and Generation
• Loop Sync (HD only)
• Digidesign Super Clock (256x sample
clock)
• Word Clock (1x sample clock)
• AES/EBU null clock (AES “digital black”)
• VITC (if a video input is present)
• LTC
• MIDI Time Code (MTC)
• Two 9-pin Sony P-2 machine protocol
ports, for MachineControl-enabled systems
2
SYNC I/O Guide
SYNC I/O Setup gives you access to all SYNC I/O
controls. The following SYNC I/O parameters
are accessible only through Pro Tools or the
SYNC I/O Setup software utility:
• Variable Speed Override (VSO)
• Window burn parameters: While you can
turn the Window burn on or off from the
front panel, you cannot configure its display parameters without Pro Tools or
SYNC I/O Setup.
See “SYNC I/O Controls in Pro Tools,
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility, and the
SYNC I/O Front Panel” on page 34.
System Requirements
For complete system requirements, visit the
compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site
(www.Digidesign.com/compato).
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
(Windows Only)
The optional SYNC I/O Setup software utility requires the following:
◆
Compatibility Information
Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
An available COM port or serial port on the
computer to connect to SYNC I/O. (You cannot
run the SYNC I/O Setup utility from the DigiSerial port on Pro Tools PCI cards.)
◆
The computer requirements for the
SYNC I/O Setup utility are different from
the computer requirements for Pro Tools.
You can run SYNC I/O Setup from slower
computers.
For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers, operating systems, hard drives, machine controllers and third-party devices, refer to the latest
compatibility information on the Digidesign
Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
SYNC I/O with Pro Tools
To use SYNC I/O with Pro Tools, the following is
required:
Pro Tools|HD-series or Pro Tools|24 MIX-series
system running on a Digidesign-qualified computer and version of Windows or Mac OS.
◆
A Digidesign-qualified Windows computer.
Non-standard 8-pin to 9-pin cable to connect
SYNC I/O to a COM port or serial port on a Windows computer. Wiring instructions for making
the required cable are in Appendix C, “Wiring
Diagrams and Pin Assignments.”
◆
An available DigiSerial port on the system’s
HD Core or MIX Core card.
◆
An 8-pin to 8-pin serial cable (included) to
connect SYNC I/O to the DigiSerial port on a
Pro Tools PCI card.
◆
If you use a custom serial cable between
Pro Tools and SYNC I/O, be sure it supports
hardware handshaking. See Appendix C,
“Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments.”
Chapter 1: Introduction
3
Digidesign Registration
Make sure to complete and return the registration card included with SYNC I/O. Registered
users will receive periodic software update and
upgrade notices. Refer to the registration card
for information on technical support.
About the Pro Tools Guides
In addition to the printed guides that came with
your system, PDF versions of the Pro Tools
guides are installed automatically with
Pro Tools in the Documentation folder in the
Pro Tools folder. To view or print the PDF
guides, install Acrobat Reader (included on the
Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM).
About This Guide
Conventions Used in This Guide
Digidesign guides use the following conventions to indicate menu choices and key commands:
:
Convention
Action
File > Save Session
Choose Save Session from
the File menu
Control+N
Hold down the Control key
and press the N key
Control-click
Hold down the Control key
and click the mouse button
Right-click (Windows)
Click with the right mouse
button
The following symbols are used to highlight important information:
User Tips are helpful hints for getting the
most from your system.
This guide assumes:
• You understand the basics of synchronization and time code
• You know how to operate devices that send
or receive time code such as a video deck
• You have an understanding of the time
code requirements for your projects
This Guide covers SYNC I/O with Pro Tools
TDM systems version 6.1 or later only.
For versions of Pro Tools earlier than 6.1
that support SYNC I/O, refer to the compatibility pages of the Digidesign Web site
(www.digidesign.com/compato) as well as
earlier versions of this Guide.
4
SYNC I/O Guide
Important Notices include information that
could affect your data or the performance of
your system.
Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or
mouse shortcuts.
Cross References point to related sections in
other Digidesign guides.
About www.digidesign.com
The Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com)
is your best source for information to help you
get the most out of your Pro Tools system. The
following are just a few of the services and features available.
Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support
or Customer Service; download software updates and the latest online manuals; browse the
Compatibility documents for system requirements; search the online Answerbase; join the
worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digidesign User Conference.
Training and Education Become a certified
Pro Tools Operator or Expert; study on your
own using courses available online, or find out
how you can learn in a classroom setting at a
certified Pro Tools Training Center.
Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign
products; download demo software; learn about
our Development Partners and their plug-ins,
applications, and hardware.
News and Events Get the latest news from Digidesign; sign up for a Pro Tools demo.
To learn more about these and other resources
available from Digidesign, visit the Digidesign
Web site (www.digidesign.com).
Chapter 1: Introduction
5
6
SYNC I/O Guide
chapter 2
Installation and Configuration
Hardware Connections
The following are the primary hardware connections possible with SYNC I/O:
Serial Connections
Serial to Pro Tools
• AC Power
Pro Tools systems require a serial connection between SYNC I/O and a Pro Tools Core card.
• Serial to a DigiSerial port on a Pro Tools PCI
card, or a serial port on the computer
To connect SYNC I/O to a Pro Tools|HD system:
• Clock to Pro Tools audio interfaces (Loop
Sync or Super Clock)
1 Make sure power is off on all equipment.
• 9-pin to external machines (requires Digidesign MachineControl)
to the SYNC I/O Host Serial port.
• Synchronization, including positional and
clock references to and from remote machines
AC Power
2 Connect one end of the included serial cable
3 Connect the other end to the DigiSerial port
on your HD Core card. Do not use any other
DigiSerial ports on other HD-series cards.
SYNC I/O
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
The SYNC I/O AC connector accepts a standard
AC Power Cable. SYNC I/O is auto power-selecting (100V to 240V) and will automatically work
with a standard modular cable to connect to AC
power receptacles in any country.
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
MTC OUT
L
T
C
O
U
T
A
E
S
I
N
A
E
S
O
U
T
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
OUT
OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
9-PIN OUT 2
LOOP SYNC
Host Serial
DigiSerial Port on
Pro Tools|HD Core
Host Serial connection, SYNC I/O to Pro Tools|HD
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
7
To connect SYNC I/O to a Pro Tools|24 MIX
system:
Serial Connections for SYNC I/O Setup
Software Utility
1 Make sure power is off on all equipment.
(Windows Only)
2 Connect one end of the included serial cable
to the SYNC I/O Host Serial port.
3 Connect the other end of the cable to the
DigiSerial Port on your Pro Tools|HD or
Pro Tools|24 MIX Core card.
SYNC I/O
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
L
T
C
O
U
T
MTC OUT
A
E
S
I
N
A
E
S
O
U
T
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
OUT
OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
9-PIN OUT 2
LOOP SYNC
Any system using the optional SYNC I/O Setup
software utility requires a serial connection
from SYNC I/O to a supported Windows computer. (For compatibility information, see “System Requirements” on page 3.)
The SYNC I/O Setup software utility will
not control SYNC I/O through the DigiSerial port.
Host Serial
To connect SYNC I/O to a Windows computer for
SYNC I/O Setup software utility:
1 Purchase or make the required 9-pin to 8-pin
cable. For wiring details, see “SYNC I/O Serial
Cable Pin Assignments” on page 89.
2 Make sure power is off on all equipment.
3 Connect the SYNC I/O Host Serial port to an
available serial or COM port on your computer.
to
DigiSerial Port of
MIX Core card
(Pro Tools
Audio Interface
cables)
4 Restore power to SYNC I/O, and restart your
computer.
Connecting SYNC I/O to a DigiSerial Port
4 Connect the rest of your equipment to
SYNC I/O as described in “Synchronization and
Time Code Connections to Machines, Decks,
and Other Devices” on page 11.
Clock for Pro Tools
Audio Interfaces
SYNC I/O must be connected to Pro Tools audio
interfaces in the Loop Sync chain
(Pro Tools|HD) or Slave Clock chain
(Pro Tools|24 MIX).
Connecting Loop Sync for Pro Tools|HD
SYNC I/O supports Loop Sync, and can serve as
Loop Sync Master. Loop Sync is a dedicated
clock loop for synchronizing multiple HD-series
interfaces. Loop Sync should only be used to
connect multiple HD-series peripherals.
8
SYNC I/O Guide
To connect SYNC I/O to Pro Tools|HD interfaces:
1 Using a BNC cable, connect the Loop Sync
Out of the SYNC I/O to the Loop Sync In of your
primary HD-series audio interface.
2 Connect the SYNC I/O Loop Sync In to the
Loop Sync Out of your HD-series interface.
SYNC I/O
Loop Sync
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
L
T
C
A
E
S
O
U
T
with Loop Sync as described in the previous
steps.
2 Using a BNC cable, connect the Ext Clock Out
of your primary HD-series interface to the Slave
Clock In of your first legacy interface.
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
O
U
T
I
N
1 Connect SYNC I/O to the HD-series system
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
A
E
S
MTC OUT
To connect a legacy audio interface to an HDseries system with SYNC I/O:
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
OUT
OUT
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
LOOP SYNC
9-PIN OUT 2
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
HOST SERIAL
VIDEO REF
L
T
C
L
T
C
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
A
E
S
A
E
S
O
U
T
I
N
VIDEO
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
O
U
T
I
N
OUT
OUT
MTC OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
LOOP SYNC
9-PIN OUT 2
Computer 1
Pro Tools 96 I/O
Computer 2
7
8
Loop Sync connections between SYNC I/O and a 96 I/O
5
3
ANALOG OUTPUT
6
4
1
7
2
8
5
3
ANALOG INPUT
6
4
1
5/6
1/2
AES/EBU OUTPUT
7/8
3/4
2
5/6
1/2
AES/EBU INPUT
7/8
3/4
8 CH Mode
2 x 4 CH Mode
S/PDIF S/PDIF
IN
OUT
When using more than one HD-series audio interface, make SYNC I/O the first and last unit in
the Loop Sync chain.
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
MTC OUT
L
T
C
O
U
T
A
E
S
I
N
A
E
S
O
U
T
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
OUT
OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
9-PIN OUT 2
LOOP SYNC
SLAVE CLOCK SLAVE CLOCK
IN
OUT
Clock for SYNC I/O, a 96 I/O, and an 888|24 I/O
3 If you are connecting multiple legacy inter-
faces, daisy-chain their Slave Clock connections
by connecting the Slave Clock Out of the first
interface to the Slave Clock In of the next interface.
See the Getting Started with HD Guide for
external clock configuration instructions.
Connecting Slave Clock for
Pro Tools|24 MIX
Loop Sync in an expanded Pro Tools|HD system
Using Legacy Audio Interfaces with
Pro Tools|HD
To connect SYNC I/O to a Pro Tools|24 MIX-series
audio interface:
Using a BNC cable, connect the SYNC I/O
Word Clock Out to the Slave Clock In of your
primary audio interface.
■
If you are using a Pro Tools|HD system that includes a legacy audio interface (an 888|24,
882|20, 1622, or ADAT Bridge audio interface),
you will need to connect the Clock output of
the HD system to the Slave Clock Input of the
legacy interface.
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
HOST SERIAL
VIDEO REF
L
T
C
L
T
C
O
U
T
I
N
VIDEO
A
E
S
I
N
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
A
E
S
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
O
U
T
OUT
OUT
MTC OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
LOOP SYNC
9-PIN OUT 2
Computer 1
Computer 2
7
8
5
3
ANALOG OUTPUT
6
4
1
7
2
8
5
3
ANALOG INPUT
6
4
1
2
5/6
1/2
AES/EBU OUTPUT
7/8
3/4
5/6
1/2
AES/EBU INPUT
7/8
3/4
8 CH Mode
2 x 4 CH Mode
S/PDIF S/PDIF
IN
OUT
SLAVE CLOCK SLAVE CLOCK
IN
OUT
Clock from SYNC I/O to an 888|24
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
9
When Pro Tools launches, the SYNC I/O Word
Clock Out port will switch to 256x Slave Clock
output. In stand-alone use, you can manually
configure the SYNC I/O for 256x Base Clock
output using SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only) or front panel controls.
Pro Tools|HD Systems
For more information on MachineControl
connections and operation on Pro Tools|24
MIX systems, refer to the MachineControl
Guide.
Serial Deck Control Mode
MachineControl
On MachineControl-enabled Pro Tools systems,
SYNC I/O supports Serial Deck Control mode
and Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode.
For Best Serial Deck Control
For best serial deck control, connect your deck
as follows:
To connect a deck to a Windows computer:
For best performance on Windows systems, use
the COM ports on the Windows computer.
For best performance on Macintosh systems, use
a Keyspan USA28x USB serial adapter.
Some devices, such as non-linear video decks,
may work well on the SYNC I/O’s 9-pin ports.
As many as two machines can be connected to
the two 9-pin Out ports on the SYNC I/O. You
can control one machine at a time, and switch
between them from within Pro Tools. These
ports support all MachineControl modes except
Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode. For Remote Deck Emulation mode on Macintosh systems, a Keyspan USA28x USB serial adapter is required.
For more information on MachineControl
connections and operation, refer to the MachineControl Guide.
10
SYNC I/O Guide
Connect the computer’s COM port to the machine, using the provided 9-pin RS-322 to RS422 cable.
■
To connect a deck to a Macintosh computer:
1 Connect a Keyspan USA28x USB serial adapter
(not provided) to a USB port on the computer.
2 Connect the provided male mini DIN-8 serial
to male 9-pin D-sub Deck Control cable to the
end of the adapter.
3 Connect the end of the cable to the machine.
For Limited Serial Deck Control (Non-Linear
Decks Only)
Connect a standard 9-pin cable from one of
the 9-pin Out ports on the SYNC I/O to the 9pin input of the machine. Due to performance
limitations, this configuration should be used
primarily with non-linear decks.
◆
Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation Mode
To connect a machine for Remote 9-Pin Deck
Emulation mode (Windows Systems):
Connect the Turnaround adapter to the RS322 to RS-422 cable, and connect them from an
available serial or COM port on your computer
to the 9-pin output of the machine.
■
Do not use the DigiSerial port on your HD Core
card or the 9-pin ports on the SYNC I/O for Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode. The DigiSerial port should only be used for SYNC I/O
connections, using a DigiSerial cable.
To connect a machine for Remote 9-Pin Deck
Emulation mode (Macintosh Systems):
1 Connect a Keyspan USA28x USB serial adapter
(not provided) to a USB port on the computer.
2 Connect the provided male mini DIN-8 serial
to female 9-pin Deck Emulation cable to the end
of the adapter.
3 Connect the end of the cable to the machine.
Do not use the DigiSerial port on your HD Core
card or the 9-pin ports on the SYNC I/O for Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode. The DigiSerial port should only be used for SYNC I/O
connections, using a DigiSerial cable.
Synchronization and
Time Code Connections to
Machines, Decks, and Other
Devices
The following sections describe connections required for different applications. For more information on time code applications, see
Appendix A, “Additional Synchronization Information.”
Connecting a Video Source
This section describes connections required
when using video and house video reference.
For SYNC I/O to resolve to house sync:
Connect the house video reference/black
burst signal to the Video Ref In port on the
SYNC I/O.
■
The Video Ref ports are a non-terminated loopthrough connection. If the Video Ref Out port is
not used, then you must terminate it using the
included 75-ohm BNC terminator.
For SYNC I/O to resolve directly to an incoming
video signal:
Connect the video signal to the SYNC I/O
Video In port.
■
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
11
Character Generator for Window Burn
To input Word Clock to SYNC I/O:
SYNC I/O can also generate a Window burn
while using the same video source signal as the
video reference. The following is one example
setup for a window burn.
■
Connect Word Clock from the master Word
clock signal or device to the SYNC I/O Word
Clock In.
To supply Word Clock from SYNC I/O:
To use the SYNC I/O Time Code Character
Generator to make a window burn:
1 Connect your video signal to a SYNC I/O
Video Ref In port.
2 Connect the SYNC I/O Video Ref Out port to
the Video In port.
3 Connect the SYNC I/O Video Out port to
other video devices.
Connecting LTC
Connect the SYNC I/O Word Clock Out to the
Word Clock input of a Word Clock device.
■
Make sure the SYNC I/O Word Clock Out port is
configured for the appropriate choice (1x for
Word Clock, or 256x Slave Clock if using the
SYNC I/O with Pro Tools|24 MIX).
Word Clock contains no positional information. If you want devices to play or record in
sync, you’ll still need to provide them with a positional reference.
SYNC I/O can generate time code to provide
positional reference to other devices. See
“Generating & Regenerating Time Code” on
page 47.
SYNC I/O provides LTC input and output connectors.
To input LTC to SYNC I/O:
■ Connect the LTC signal from your machine,
synchronizer or other source to the SYNC I/O
LTC In port.
To output LTC from SYNC I/O:
■ Connect the SYNC I/O LTC Out port to your
external devices.
Connecting AES/EBU Devices
To input AES/EBU clock reference to SYNC I/O:
Connect the device’s AES/EBU output to the
SYNC I/O AES/EBU input.
■
Connecting Word Clock Devices
SYNC I/O has Word Clock input and output,
and both can be used simultaneously. Use Word
Clock when you want SYNC I/O to lock to 1x
clock from DAT machines, DA-88s, and similar
digital devices.
Pro Tools|HD-series audio interfaces each have
their own Word Clock inputs, which provide
additional clock options and flexibility. Refer to
Pro Tools|HD documentation for details.
12
SYNC I/O Guide
AES Clock
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
MTC OUT
L
T
C
O
U
T
A
E
S
I
N
A
E
S
O
U
T
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
OUT
OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
9-PIN OUT 2
Connecting SYNC I/O to an AES/EBU device
LOOP SYNC
To supply AES/EBU clock reference from
SYNC I/O:
Software Installation
■
Connect the SYNC I/O AES/EBU output to the
AES/EBU input on a DAT machine or other digital device. (AES/EBU clock does not support
176.4 kHz or 192 kHz sample rates.)
The following sections provide instructions to
install software required to use SYNC I/O with
Pro Tools|HD or with the stand alone SYNC I/O
Setup software (Windows only).
Connecting MIDI
Pro Tools|HD Systems
The SYNC I/O MTC Out port supplies MIDI time
code, derived from conversion (from LTC, VITC
and Bi-Phase) or MTC generation, to synchronize MTC-compatible consoles, sequencers,
lighting systems, and other devices.
MIDI time code from the MTC Out always
matches the time code address displayed on the
SYNC I/O front panel. If you need to supply
MTC from SYNC I/O to another MTC-compatible device, connect the device as described below.
To connect an MTC-compatible device to receive
MTC from SYNC I/O:
Connect the SYNC I/O MTC Out port to the
appropriate MIDI input on the device using a
standard MIDI cable.
■
To install software to use SYNC I/O with
Pro Tools|HD:
Make sure you have already installed
Pro Tools software and the related SYNC I/O options. Each release of Pro Tools software includes a SYNC I/O firmware updater and
documentation.
■
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
(Windows Only)
When using SYNC I/O in stand-alone mode, the
SYNC I/O Setup software utility is required to
update firmware and enable remote control of
SYNC I/O. Firmware updates are made available
by Digidesign to add capabilities to your
SYNC I/O. Updates can be downloaded from the
Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com).
Pro Tools and MTC
Pro Tools receives MTC from SYNC I/O through
its connection to the SYNC I/O Host Serial port.
This signal does not include standard MIDI time
code, but is instead a high-quality, proprietary
time code signal designed for Pro Tools. A MIDI
Interface is not required for Pro Tools to receive
MTC.
MTC is output constantly whenever SYNC I/O is
generating time code. This output can be muted
when time code (LTC) is idle. See “MTC Output
and Idle Muting” on page 53 for details.
To install SYNC I/O Setup on Windows:
1 Make sure SYNC I/O is connected to a serial or
COM port on your computer. See “Serial Connections for SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility”
on page 8.
2 Insert the CD-ROM containing the latest
SYNC I/O software, or navigate to its location if
you downloaded an update.
3 Launch the installer and follow the on-screen
instructions.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
13
Configuring Pro Tools|HD and
SYNC I/O
Pro Tools provides SYNC I/O configuration and
firmware update controls. These establish communication between Pro Tools and SYNC I/O.
This section describes how to configure
Pro Tools for the SYNC I/O, how to check your
configuration and firmware, and how to set session settings relevant to the SYNC I/O.
Loop Sync
SYNC I/O supports Digidesign’s Loop Sync feature for connecting HD interfaces. SYNC I/O
can be configured as the Clock Source (Loop
Master), in order to provide Loop Sync master
clock to the rest of your Pro Tools|HD hardware.
To check SYNC I/O and Pro Tools communication:
1 After installing Pro Tools and connecting the
SYNC I/O as described, launch Pro Tools.
2 Choose Setups > Peripherals, and click the
Synchronization tab. The SYNC I/O should be
shown as the Device, with DigiSerial Port as the
selected port.
If these are not shown, check all your connections, then try manually selecting SYNC I/O and
DigiSerial Port from the Device and Port selectors. Once SYNC I/O is selected in this way, the
SYNC Setup controls become available in the
lower part of the Peripherals window.
3 Click Enable SYNC Setup. Pro Tools scans the
DigiSerial port and checks SYNC I/O firmware.
See “Updating SYNC I/O Firmware with
Pro Tools” on page 19.
For system requirements and Loop Sync
connection instructions, see Chapter 1, “Introduction.”
Auto ID of SYNC I/O through Loop Sync
Pro Tools|HD automatically recognizes if a
SYNC I/O is connected to the DigiSerial port
when Pro Tools is launched. When SYNC I/O is
recognized, Pro Tools automatically configures
the Device and Port settings for SYNC I/O in the
Peripherals dialog. Pro Tools 6.4 also checks for
recent firmware, and alerts you if you need to
update the SYNC I/O. Earlier versions of
Pro Tools require that you manually check for
firmware updates. (See “Updating SYNC I/O
Firmware with Pro Tools” on page 19.)
14
SYNC I/O Guide
SYNC I/O settings in the Peripherals dialog
Configuring SYNC I/O in the
Pro Tools Session Setup Window
When connected through Loop Sync and enabled in the Peripherals dialog, SYNC I/O settings become available in Sync Setup section of
the Pro Tools Session Setup window.
Clock Source
Session
settings
Clock Reference
The selected Clock Source device determines
your choices for clock reference.
When Clock Source is SYNC I/O
When the SYNC I/O is the Clock Source, it is the
Loop Master. Clock, Positional Reference, and
Video Format selectors become active in the
SYNC Setup section of the Session Setup window.
SYNC
Setup
Time Code
settings
SYNC Setup controls in the Session Setup window
Session Setup window
See the Pro Tools Reference Guide for more
information on the Session Setup Window.
SYNC I/O Clock Reference choices include Internal/VSO, Video In, Video Reference, LTC, BiPhase, Pilot, AES, and Word Clock. When
SYNC I/O is not the selected Clock Source device, the Clock Reference menu in the SYNC
Setup section switches to Loop Sync.
Clock Source
When connected and configured in the Loop
Sync chain, SYNC I/O appears along with your
HD-series audio interfaces in the Clock Source
menu, located in the Session Setup window.
For LTC clock reference, multiple choices
are available from the LTC sub-menu. See
“LTC and Clock Reference” on page 38.
To choose a SYNC I/O Clock Reference:
Select a SYNC I/O clock choice from the Clock
Reference menu in the Session Setup window.
■
Clock Source
SYNC I/O selected as the current Clock Source in the
Session Setup window
Clock Source can be any device in the Loop Sync
chain. This lets you utilize any digital input
source available on any HD peripheral, including the SYNC I/O, simply by selecting that device and source from the Clock Source menu.
Choosing a SYNC I/O Clock Reference
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
15
The Clock Source menu follows your selection
of SYNC I/O for Clock Reference, and automatically switches to SYNC I/O. (You can also
choose the SYNC I/O as Clock Source first, then
select a Clock Reference.)
To choose a different Loop Sync device as the
Clock Source:
■ Choose a different Loop Sync device and
Clock Source from the hierarchical Clock Source
menu.
Choosing a Clock Source
When Clock Source is an HD I/O
When a 192 I/O, 192 Digital I/O or 96 I/O is providing the Clock Source, it will be the Loop Master. Clock Source options are available directly
from the Clock Source menu, based on the configuration of that interface in the Hardware
Setup dialog. Choices can include AES, S/PDIF,
Optical, or Word Clock.
Locked and Speed Cal LEDs
The Locked and Speed Cal indicators in the
SYNC I/O section of the Session Setup window
display synchronization status of the SYNC I/O.
These indicators reflect the state of the same
LEDs on the front panel.
Locked and Speed Cal Indicators
Locked The Locked indicator stays lit when the
SYNC I/O is locked to the selected clock reference. The Locked indicator flashes if the selected
clock reference source is missing or out of lockable frequency range.
Speed Cal Speed Cal is an indicator of the accuracy of the incoming clock reference. The Speed
Cal indicator flashes when the output sample
rate is not at the expected (or target) rate. The
Speed Cal indicator stays lit when the output
frequency is within 200 ppm (0.02%) of the selected sample rate. If the output frequency is
higher than expected, the Speed Cal indicator
flashes quickly; if the output frequency is lower,
the Speed Cal indicator flashes slowly.
For example, if the session is 30 fps and LTC is
the selected clock reference but the LTC is actually 29.97, the SYNC I/O will lock (the Locked
LED will stay lit), but the Speed Cal LED will
flash slowly.
Positional Reference
To select a positional reference:
Selecting a Clock Source option on a 192 I/O
See the Getting Started with HD Guide for
more information on audio interface configuration.
16
SYNC I/O Guide
1 Choose Window > Show Session Setup.
2 Choose a positional reference from the Posi-
tional Reference menu, located in the SYNC
Setup controls.
Sample Rate
To set the session Time Code Rate:
The SYNC I/O sample rate is determined by the
current Pro Tools session sample rate. In Standalone mode, SYNC I/O sample rate can be selected with SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only), or using the front panel
switches. Current sample rate is indicated by the
Sample Rate LEDs.
■
Choose a rate from the Time Code Rate selector in the Session Setup window.
When used with a Pro Tools|HD system,
SYNC I/O supports all available sample rates.
Setting the session rate in Playback Engine or
Hardware Setup dialogs also sets the SYNC I/O
to that sample rate.
Choosing a session Time Code Rate
When using PostConform with the SYNC I/O,
only 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz sessions are supported.
In Stand-alone mode, SYNC I/O Time Code Rate
can be set using the SYNC I/O Setup software
utility (Windows only), or from the front panel.
Audio and Video Pull Up and Pull Down
Feet+Frame Rate
Pro Tools provides 4.167% pull up, and 4.0%
pull down choices. When working with a Movie
track containing video, a separate Video PullDown menu becomes available in the Session
Setup window, allowing you to apply standard
or non-standard pull factors to audio and video
separately. This lets Pro Tools synchronize to
most supported SMPTE frame rates and formats.
While using Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Feet+Frames
Rate automatically follows the session
Feet+Frame Rate setting. The session
Feet+Frames Rate is set in the Session Setup window.
To set the session Feet+Frames Rate:
Choose a rate from the Feet+Frames Rate selector in the Session Setup window.
■
On Pro Tools|HD systems 4.167% pull up
and 4.0% pull down are not available in
176.4 kHz and 192 kHz sessions.
Pro Tools|24 Mix systems do not support
pull rates greater than 0.1%.
Choosing a session Feet+Frames Rate
Time Code Rate
While using Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Time Code
Rate automatically follows the session Time
Code Rate setting. Session Time Code Rate is set
in the Session Setup window.
In Stand-alone mode, SYNC I/O Feet+Frames
rate can be set using the SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only), or from the front
panel.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
17
PAL/NTSC Video Format
Choose PAL or NTSC format for the session using the Video Format selector in the Session
Setup window. If the session already has video,
the format will be set automatically.
MachineControl Configuration
If using Digidesign MachineControl, do the following to establish basic communication.
To configure MachineControl:
Transport master
See the MachineControl Guide for installation instructions and additional information.
1 Choose Setup > Peripherals.
2 In the Synchronization window, make sure
the SYNC I/O is the current Synchronization device, and DigiSerial is the selected port.
Software Configuration for
SYNC I/O Setup Software
Utility
3 Click the MachineControl tab to open the Ma-
(Windows Only)
chineControl window.
4 Enable and configure options for 9-pin Serial
or 9-pin Remote. SYNC I/O 9-Pin ports 1 and 2
are available for Serial mode on HD systems
only. (Remote mode requires a standard serial or
COM connection.)
To configure SYNC I/O Setup software on
Windows:
1 Make sure SYNC I/O is connected to your
computer according to the instructions in “Serial Connections” on page 7.
2 Launch the SYNC I/O Setup software utility.
Selecting Transport Master
The Pro Tools Transport window provides the
Transport Master selector. This pop-up lets you
select the device that will be controlled by the
Pro Tools transport. Choices include Pro Tools
and any other devices or modes you have enabled in the Synchronization or Machine Control tabs of the Peripherals dialog.
3 Choose Preferences > SYNC I/O Setup Prefer-
ences.
4 If not already selected, choose the appropriate
serial port for your SYNC I/O-to-computer connection.
5 Close the Preferences window. The SYNC I/O
Setup software utility should now show that it
recognizes SYNC I/O in the information display
section. If it does not, check your connections
and port selection, and try again.
For more information on firmware updates and
the SYNC I/O Setup software utility, see “Updating SYNC I/O Firmware” on page 19.
18
SYNC I/O Guide
Configuring Pro Tools|24 MIX
with SYNC I/O
SYNC I/O can be used with a Pro Tools|24 MIX
system as an alternative to the USD. When used
with these systems, the SYNC I/O emulates the
USD.
To connect a SYNC I/O to your MIX system, see
“Hardware Connections” on page 7.
To configure Pro Tools|24 MIX for a SYNC I/O:
1 Start up your system beginning with hard
drives, then the SYNC I/O, then MIDI and other
studio equipment, then the CPU. Turn on your
speakers and monitoring system last.
2 Launch Pro Tools.
3 Choose Setups > Peripherals, and click the
Synchronization tab.
Updating SYNC I/O Firmware
You can update the firmware on your SYNC I/O
from Pro Tools or from the SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only).
To acquire the latest firmware, visit the
Digidesign Web site.
When Pro Tools is installed, new firmware for
the SYNC I/O will automatically be installed in
the SYNC I/O folder within the Digidesign
folder. If there is no SYNC I/O folder in the
Digidesign folder, the firmware will not be installed. To update your unit, launch Pro Tools
and follow the instruction in the next section.
You can also update firmware using the
SYNC I/O Setup software utility.
Updating SYNC I/O Firmware with
Pro Tools
4 Select Universal Slave Driver for the Synchro-
nization Device.
5 Select DigiSerial Port for the Port.
6 Once the SYNC I/O is declared as a USD, click
OK to close the Peripherals window.
To configure the SYNC I/O for your projects and
sessions:
1 In the Session Setup window, select Clock and
Positional References from their menus.
2 To generate time code from the SYNC I/O, enable Generate using USD.
3 Configure other settings as needed, selecting
USD wherever appropriate.
Pro Tools 6.4 compares firmware whenever you
launch Pro Tools, or whenever SYNC I/O is enabled in the Peripherals > Synchronization dialog (see “Auto ID of SYNC I/O through
Loop Sync” on page 14). Earlier versions of
Pro Tools require that you check firmware manually.
If Pro Tools determines that the SYNC I/O does
not have the most current firmware, an update
dialog appears.
Click Update to update your SYNC I/O. This
automatically locates the firmware in the
SYNC I/O folder and updates the SYNC I/O
through the DigiSerial Port.
◆
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
19
Firmware Messages
The following messages may appear during
firmware updating:
Firmware Not Found If no compatible firmware
is found in the SYNC I/O Folder, a dialog appears instructing you to install SYNC I/O firmware. Use the Pro Tools installer CD, or use the
latest version of the SYNC I/O Setup software
utility (Windows only).
SYNC I/O Not on DigiSerial Port In order to update SYNC I/O firmware from Pro Tools,
SYNC I/O must be connected to the DigiSerial
Port. Otherwise, if the SYNC I/O is connected to
the computer’s serial port, you can update the
firmware using the SYNC I/O Setup software
utility (Windows only).
Updating SYNC I/O Firmware with
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
(Windows Only)
If you are using SYNC I/O with Pro Tools|24
MIX, or if you are not using Pro Tools, use the
SYNC I/O Setup software utility to update the
firmware. To do this, the SYNC I/O must be connected to a serial or COM port on the computer.
You cannot run the SYNC I/O Setup utility from
the DigiSerial port on Pro Tools PCI cards.
To update SYNC I/O firmware using SYNC I/O
Setup software utility on Windows:
1 Make sure SYNC I/O is connected to the com-
puter as explained in “Serial Connections for
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility” on page 8.
2 Launch the SYNC I/O Setup utility.
To update SYNC I/O firmware from Pro Tools:
1 Choose Setups > Peripherals and click the Syn-
chronization tab.
2 Make sure you have already configured the
Synchronization Device and Port options for
SYNC I/O.
Firmware version
Update firmware
SYNC setup and firmware controls
3 Click Update SYNC I/O Firmware.
4 Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the update.
20
SYNC I/O Guide
3 Right-click the title bar at the top of the SYNC
I/O Setup application window and choose
SYNC I/O Preferences.
4 Click Update SYNC I/O Firmware.
5 Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the update.
Troubleshooting
Status LEDs
The status LEDs (LOCKED and SPEED CAL) on
the SYNC I/O front panel and in the Session
Setup window may help you isolate potential
problems.
Use the Incoming Time field in Pro Tools
Session Setup Window as a Reference
The Incoming Time field in the Session Setup
Window indicates whether or not SYNC I/O is
receiving positional reference. If this field appears to be inactive when inputting time code to
SYNC I/O, check your hardware device settings,
serial connection to your computer, and your
software settings.
Incoming Time Code
If you switched ports in order to update firmware using the SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only), check to make sure you reconnected SYNC I/O to the DigiSerial port on your
HD Core card.
On early versions of Pro Tools HD cards,
there were two serial ports. Only the port
closest to the interface connection is active.
Lost Communication Dialog
The Lost Communication dialog provides the
following options for re-establishing synchronization when communication with SYNC I/O
stops:
Use MTC Click this button if the SYNC I/O is
unavailable, to switch to any currently connected MIDI interface for MTC synchronization. This option requires a compatible device
that supports MTC conversion, and that is already connected to your CPU and enabled.
Keep SYNC I/O Click this to leave the session
configured for SYNC I/O, or to continue searching for the SYNC I/O to re-establish lost communication.
Incoming Time Code display (Session Setup window)
Lost Communication
If Pro Tools loses communication with
SYNC I/O, a dialog will appear asking you
whether you want to switch to MTC (if available) or continue trying to locate SYNC I/O. If
you see a “lost communication” dialog, check
power, DigiSerial, and other connections.
Synchronization Accuracy
If you are noticing drift or lack of accurate synchronization between your devices, check the
following:
If your system locks up in the wrong place,
make sure you have set the correct frame rate
and format (NTSC or PAL) on all your devices.
◆
If your system locks up in the correct location,
but drifts, check your clock signals and settings.
◆
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
21
22
SYNC I/O Guide
chapter 3
SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
SYNC I/O Front Panel
Power
Clock Reference
Switch
VIDEO REF
VIDEO IN
LTC
PILOT
CLOCK
REFERENCE
DIGITAL
PULL UP
BI-PHASE/TACH
INTERNAL/VSO
Positional Reference
Switch
Generator/Parameter
Controls
PULL DOWN
44.1 K
48 K
88.2 K
96 K
176.4 K
192 K
LTC
POSITIONAL
REFERENCE
LOOP SYNC
Clock Reference
LEDs
VITC
FRAME
RATE
BI-PHASE
GENERATE
LOOP
MASTER
Loop
Master
Frame Rate
Switch
SET
Sample Rate
LEDs
DOWN
UP
DF
30
LOCKED
29.97
SPEED CAL
25
REMOTE MODE
24
RUN/STOP
CLEAR
Time Code
Display
Positional
Reference
LEDs
Drop Frame Status LEDs
LED
Frame
Rate
LEDs
Figure 1. SYNC I/O front panel
Controls and Displays
Clock Reference Switch and LEDs
All SYNC I/O local controls are on its front
panel. The back panel is reserved for connectors
only. This section identifies each front panel
switch and display. For information on back
panel connectors and setup, see Chapter 2, “Installation and Configuration.”
This switch selects the SYNC I/O clock reference, as indicated by the Clock Reference LEDs.
Available clock reference inputs include
Video Ref, Video In, LTC, Digital, Pilot, Biphase/Tach, Internal/VSO, and Loop Sync.
Loop Master Indicator
AC Mains Power Switch
When the SYNC I/O power switch is pressed in,
power is on; when the switch is out, power is off.
When lit, this LED indicates that the SYNC I/O
is the current Pro Tools Loop Master device.
The LED ring around the power switch is orange
while the SYNC I/O is powering up, or while
firmware is being updated. When the SYNC I/O
is ready for use, the LED around the power
switch ring is green.
Chapter 3: SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
23
Table 4. Sample Rates at Pull Up and Pull Down Settings
Sample Rate
Pull Up/Down
44100
48000
88200
96000
176400
192000
+4.1667%
and +0.1%
45983
50050
91967
100100
n/a
n/a
+4.1667%
45938
50000
91875
100000
n/a
n/a
+4.1667%
and –0.1%
45892
49950
91783
99900
n/a
n/a
+0.1%
44144
48048
88288
96096
176576
192192
–0.1%
44056
47952
88112
95904
176224
191808
–4.0% and
+0.1%
42378
46126
84757
92252
n/a
n/a
–4.0%
42336
46080
84672
92160
n/a
n/a
–4.0% and
–0.1%
42294
46034
84587
92068
n/a
n/a
Sample Rate LEDs
Time Code Display
These green or yellow LEDs show the current
SYNC I/O sample rate. Pull Up and Pull Down
are available for all sample rate settings, indicated by the corresponding LED. Table 4 (above)
shows the actual sample rates when pulled up or
down.
This 7-segment, multifunction LED is the
SYNC I/O time code and parameter display.
Generator/Parameter Controls
These four switches provide direct access to
many SYNC I/O functions, including time code
generator settings, PAL/NTSC selection, sample
rate and more. The Time Code LED display
shows the current mode, selected parameter, or
setting.
24
SYNC I/O Guide
Time Code The current positional reference (internal or external), is displayed in hours:minutes:seconds:frames. Odd/even field distinction
is indicated using a decimal point to the right of
the frames display. A lit decimal point to the
right of frames indicates an even-numbered
field; no decimal point indicates an odd-numbered field. When SYNC I/O is in Auto Switch
LTC/VITC mode, the decimal point to the right
of “minutes” illuminates.
The SYNC I/O Time Code Display always displays actual incoming time code, regardless of
any Session Start Offsets (External Time Code
Offsets in Pro Tools 6.6.x) that are applied in
Pro Tools.
Parameters and Values When configuring
SYNC I/O with the Set, Run/Stop and other parameter controls, the LED display shows parameter names, values, and other data.
For a table identifying each LED abbreviation and function, see “Parameters” on
page 57.
Positional Reference Switch
This switch selects the positional reference
source, as indicated by the Positional Reference
LEDs. Choices include LTC, VITC, Auto Switch
Bi-phase, and Generate.
In Auto Switch LTC/VITC mode, both the LTC
and VITC LEDs light while SYNC I/O determines which source it will use. Either the LTC or
the VITC LED will remain lit to indicate the chosen positional reference.
Frame Rate Switch
This switch selects the time code frame rate and
format (drop-frame or non drop-frame). The active choice is displayed by the Frame Rate and
DF (drop frame) LEDs.
Frame Rate LEDs and DF Indicator
These display the current SYNC I/O frame rate:
30, 29.97, 25, or 24 fps are indicated by four
green LEDs. The DF LED indicates drop-frame
(lit) or non drop-frame (unlit). The 24 fps LED
will blink to indicate 23.976 fps.
Status LEDs
These LEDs show the current state of SYNC I/O
in relation to clock references. Indicators include:
Locked This green LED lights solid when
SYNC I/O is locked to the selected clock reference. LOCKED flashes if the selected clock reference source is missing or out of lockable frequency range.
Speed Cal (Speed Calibration) This yellow LED
indicates when all output clocks are at a frequency that corresponds with the chosen sample rate. The Speed Cal LED flashes whenever
there is a mismatch between the chosen sample
rate and the actual output sample rate. Speed
Cal compares actual output sample rate to desired sample rate.
The Speed Cal LED does not reflect the speed of
motion of the chosen Positional Reference.
However, it would bear a relationship to the Positional Reference if both Positional Reference
and Clock Reference were set to LTC.
Remote Mode This green LED lights when
SYNC I/O is set to Remote-Only/Front Panel
Lockout mode. While this LED is lit, the front
panel switches will have no effect on the
SYNC I/O.
For more information, see “SYNC Setup
Window Controls and Displays” on
page 28.
Remote-only/Front Panel lockout is not the
same as Remote 9-pin Deck Emulation
mode.
Chapter 3: SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
25
SYNC I/O Back Panel
Video Ref
In/Out
Video
In/Out
LTC In/Out
INTERNALLY
TERMINATED
IN
964530300294856
SERIAL NUMBER
OUT
BI-PHASE / TACH / GPI / PILOT
Bi-Phase/Tach
GPI/Pilot
VIDEO REF
HOST SERIAL
L
T
C
I
N
VIDEO
Host Serial
L
T
C
O
U
T
MTC OUT
MTC Out
Word Clock
In/Out
AES In/Out
A
E
S
I
N
A
E
S
O
U
T
Loop Sync
In/Out
AC 100-240V, 50-60HZ, .5A 30W
IN
IN
9-PIN OUT 1
OUT
OUT
WORD CLOCK (1x,256x)
9-PIN OUT 2
9-Pin Out 1
9-Pin Out 2
LOOP SYNC
AC Power
Figure 2. SYNC I/O Back Panel
Bi-Phase/Tach/GPI/Pilot
This is an accessory port for Bi-Phase, Tach, and
Pilot signals (specific cables are required for different applications). This connector is also used
for GPI input, output (including Fader Start),
and thru signals. This port handles up to 12
volts Bi-phase.
Refer to Appendix C, “Wiring Diagrams
and Pin Assignments” for wiring information and other specifications for this port.
Video Reference In/Out
Video Ref In Receives a signal from an
NTSC/PAL video source, such as a black burst
(house sync) generator or a standard video signal, for clock reference and window burn purposes. This port is configured as an un-terminated loop-through. When you connect a signal
to this port, you must do one of the following:
• Connect a 75-ohm BNC terminator (included
with SYNC I/O) to the Video Reference Out
on the back panel
– or –
• Make sure another terminated video device is
fed from the Video Reference Out connector.
26
SYNC I/O Guide
Video Reference Out A parallel, unbuffered connection output for any video source connected
to the Video Reference In port. This port allows
black burst or other video reference to be passed
to another device, and continues to output
whatever signal is present at the Video Reference In port, whether SYNC I/O is on or off.
If SYNC I/O is the last device in the video
sync chain, a 75-ohm BNC terminator
must be attached to this connector.
Host Serial Port
The Host Serial port is a bidirectional (in/out)
port to connect SYNC I/O to the DigiSerial Port
on a Pro Tools Core card. When not being used
with Pro Tools, the SYNC I/O Host Serial port
can be connected to a standard serial port on a
supported computer to run the SYNC I/O Setup
software utility (Windows only).
Video In/Out
LTC In/Out
Video In Receives a signal from an NTSC/PAL
video source for clock or VITC positional reference input, or for generating a window burn.
This connector is internally terminated at
75 ohms.
LTC In Receives a Linear Time Code (LTC)
source, balanced or unbalanced analog, for
clock and positional reference. This port is often
used to receive LTC from an audio track on an
external deck or the address track of a VTR. Adjustable LTC servo gain is available in Pro Tools
and from the front panel.
Video Out Output of the current Video In signal.
If the Positional Reference is set to Generate and
the Clock Reference is set to one of the two
video inputs, this will output a copy of the video
signal appearing at the Video Reference input.
In either case, this output might additionally
carry VITC and/or Window Burn information if
those features are enabled.
LTC Out Outputs linear time code, in balanced
or unbalanced analog audio format. See
Appendix C, “Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments” for wiring details. LTC output gain is
also adjustable using the SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only) or the controls on
the front panel of the SYNC I/O.
MTC Out
The MTC Out will output MIDI Time Code
(MTC), only. No other MIDI data appears at this
output. MTC output can be regenerated while
SYNC I/O is locked to any supported positional
reference and clock reference, or internally generated in Generate mode, in which case MTC
output follows generator run/stop. This port is
intended to supply MTC from SYNC I/O to external sequencers or other MIDI devices.
MTC is output constantly whenever SYNC I/O is
generating time code. This output can be muted
when time code (LTC) is idle. See “MTC Output
and Idle Muting” on page 53 for details.
AES/EBU In/Out
AES In Receives an AES/EBU digital audio signal,
for clock reference purposes only. SYNC I/O utilizes only the signal's clock information, not the
audio information. If digital audio information
is present at this input, it will be ignored and
not passed through to the AES/EBU digital output connector.
AES/EBU Out Outputs a silent (all bits OFF)
AES/EBU audio signal whose sample rate exactly
matches SYNC I/O Word Clock BNC output.
Chapter 3: SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
27
Word Clock In/Out
Word Clock In Receives (1x sample rate) Word
Clock, for clock reference purposes only. Word
Clock is often used with external digital consoles and digital tape machines.
Word Clock Out Outputs 1x sample rate Word
Clock information, or 256x Slave Clock, to provide clock to Legacy peripherals and Word
clock-capable devices. This port is configured
using the SYNC I/O Setup software utility on
Windows (Word Clock Out), or the controls on
the front panel of the SYNC I/O.
9-Pin Out 1 and 2
SYNC I/O Setup Software
Utility
(Windows Only)
This section reviews the SYNC Setup controls
and displays included with the SYNC I/O Setup
software utility.
For SYNC I/O Setup software utility requirements, see “Software Installation” on
page 13.
SYNC Setup Window Controls and
Displays
For Digidesign MachineControl-enabled systems, these two ports connect directly to external 9-pin transport devices.
For best performance on Windows systems, use
the COM ports on the Windows computer.
For best performance on Macintosh systems, use
a Keyspan USA28x USB serial adapter.
See the MachineControl Guide for more information.
Loop Sync In/Out
Loop Sync is the clock signal used to synchronize Pro Tools|HD-series audio interfaces.
Loop Sync In Receives Loop Sync from any HDseries audio interface.
Loop Sync Out Provides Loop Sync. This port
connects to the primary HD-series audio interface.
SYNC Setup window (SYNC I/O Setup software utility)
SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility Help
AC Power In
Right-click anywhere in the SYNC Setup window and select Help, or press the F1 key.
■
SYNC I/O accepts a standard power cable and is
auto power-selecting (100V to 240V).
28
SYNC I/O Guide
Time Code Window
Frame Rate
The time code display mirrors the LED Time
Code Display on the SYNC I/O front panel, displaying (in hours:minutes:seconds:frames) the
time code address of the current positional reference.
This control selects the frames-per-second (fps)
rate of external (or internally generated) time
code.
When SYNC I/O is reading odd-numbered
fields, the separator changes from a normal colon (:) to a period (.); when it’s reading evennumbered fields, the punctuation returns to a
colon (:). Odd/even status is only available
while reading VITC, and only when VITC is
within a speed range from zero to about 50% of
playback speed.
This display shows the current state of SYNC I/O
Setup software utility in relation to SYNC I/O
and external devices, as follows:
Clock Reference
This control selects SYNC I/O clock reference.
Sample Rate
This control selects SYNC I/O sample rate (or
the Pro Tools session sample rate, if applicable).
Pull Rate
This control Enables Pull Up or Pull Down for
the current sample rate.
Word Clock Out
This control configures the SYNC I/O Word
Clock Output between 256x (Super Clock) and
the current session rate (1x at 44.1 kHz, or 1x at
48 kHz). Only Legacy audio interfaces require
256x Super Clock.
Positional Reference
This control selects SYNC I/O positional reference.
Status Display
Resolver Locked Lights when SYNC I/O is
locked to the chosen external clock reference, or
to its Internal clock reference.
Speed Calibration Lights when SYNC I/O system
clock and all output clocks are at a frequency
that corresponds with the chosen sample rate.
Capable of indicating mismatch of pull-up, pulldown and frame rate.
For details about Speed Calibration characteristics, see “Status LEDs” on page 25.
Regenerator Locked Lights when SYNC I/O is regenerating time code at its video, LTC, and MTC
outputs locked with the incoming positional
reference source. Also lit whenever SYNC I/O is
generating time code internally.
Connected to SYNC I/O Lights when the SYNC
Setup window is the front-most window and is
communicating with SYNC I/O.
Waiting for SYNC I/O Lights when the SYNC
Setup window is the front-most window and is
unable to communicate with SYNC I/O.
Port Relinquished Lights when the SYNC Setup
window is not the front-most window or is unable to allocate a serial port with which to communicate with SYNC I/O.
Chapter 3: SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
29
LTC Output Level
VITC Insertion Enabled
This control adjusts the analog audio level of
the SYNC I/O LTC output, from –24 dBu to
+9 dBu.
When selected, VITC will be inserted into the
outgoing video signal—assuming that a video
signal is present at a SYNC I/O video input, and
that SYNC I/O is in a valid mode for inserting
VITC. The only invalid positional reference
modes are VITC or Auto Switch LTC/VITC.
SYNC I/O can’t read VITC and generate new
VITC at the same time.
Freewheel Duration
This control sets the period of time for which
SYNC I/O will continue to supply positional reference data after an external source is interrupted or stopped (also referred to as Time Code
Freewheel in Pro Tools).
Video Format
This control selects the format (NTSC or PAL)
for both the incoming and outgoing video signals.
◆ NTSC is used in North and South America, Japan, and certain other parts of the world.
◆ PAL is used in most of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Users of SECAM video (for France, Russia,
and certain other parts of the world) should select PAL.
VITC Read Lines
This control determines which line pair of incoming video signal is used for the VITC source.
When set to Auto, SYNC I/O will search for the
first valid line pair automatically. Alternatively,
this value can be set to specific VITC line pairs.
VITC Generate Lines
This control determines the line pair of the outgoing video signal onto which SYNC I/O inserts
VITC. Normally, this should be left at the default (and preferred) setting of 14/16.
30
SYNC I/O Guide
Pitch Memory Enabled
When selected, SYNC I/O will remain at a pitch
(sample rate) that corresponds to the last known
incoming time code speed. When deselected,
SYNC I/O will revert to the selected sample rate.
If Pitch Memory is disabled and the selected external clock reference is not available, then
SYNC I/O will revert to the nominal, selected internal sample rate setting.
Idle MTC Enabled
Controls MTC Output during idle (play
stopped). When enabled, MTC is continuously
output. When not enabled, MTC output is
muted when playback is idle. See “MTC Output
and Idle Muting” on page 53 for details.
Dub Window
Settings for SYNC I/O character generator/window dubbing features. (These controls are also
available from within the Pro Tools Peripherals
dialog.) Complete Window Dub instructions are
provided in the section “Generating a Window
Burn” on page 53.
Bi-Phase/Tach Parameters
Used for specialized applications that involve
film or other equipment that output BiPhase/Tach information. These parameters
must be set to match the Bi-Phase or Tach source
to achieve lock.
Generator/Bi-Phase Preset
Serves two functions, as determined by the current SYNC I/O mode:
Generate Mode Sets the time code start time directly by clicking in the Hrs:Min:Sec:Frm fields
and typing in a value. The Tab key will cycle
though the fields.
Bi-Phase/Tach Mode Zeros the time code
counter, to allow SYNC I/O to generate time
code in relation to the pulses of the incoming
Bi-Phase/Tach information. Establishes a time
code start point (first frame of a reel, for example).
Variable Speed Override (VSO)
Used to varispeed the rate of SYNC I/O internal
crystal-referenced clock (±699 cents; a cent is
one-hundredth of a semitone). VSO is available
at any positional reference setting, but only
when the clock reference is Internal/VSO.
Chapter 3: SYNC I/O Hardware and Software
31
32
SYNC I/O Guide
chapter 4
Using SYNC I/O
SYNC I/O settings can be controlled in three
ways:
About SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility
Remote-Only Mode
From Pro Tools Provides access to most
SYNC I/O controls from within Pro Tools and
from the SYNC I/O front panel.
When the default Remote-Only Mode (Front
Panel Lockout) is enabled in the SYNC I/O Setup
Preferences window, none of the SYNC I/O
front panel switches are operational, and the Remote Only LED is lit.
From the SYNC I/O Front Panel Provides access
to most controls from the when using the
SYNC I/O in stand-alone mode.
From the SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility (Windows Only) This optional utility provides remote
access to all SYNC I/O controls from a supported
Windows computer.
For a listing of SYNC I/O parameters supported
in each method, see “SYNC I/O Controls in
Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Setup Software Utility, and
the SYNC I/O Front Panel” on page 34.
To exit Remote-Only mode from the front panel:
Simultaneously press and hold down the
Clock Reference, Positional Reference, and
Frame Rate front panel switches.
■
This will disengage SYNC I/O from RemoteOnly mode. This is useful when the host computer is not easily accessible.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
33
SYNC I/O Controls in Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Setup Software
Utility, and the SYNC I/O Front Panel
Table 5. SYNC I/O controls in Pro Tools, SYNC I/O Setup software utility, and the SYNC I/O front panel
Available from/in:
Pro Tools
Front Panel
SYNC I/O Setup
Software Utility
Firmware Update
yes (Peripherals/Sync)
no
yes
Clock References
all (Session Setup)
all
all
Positional References
all (Session Setup)
all
all
Sample Rates
all
all
all
Pull Rates
yes
yes
yes
Base Clock
(Word Clock Out)
no
yes (“Base Clock”)
yes (“Word Clock Out”)
all (Session Setup)
all
all
LTC Output level
no
yes
yes
LTC Servo gain
no
yes
no
yes (Session Setup)
yes
yes
Video Format
(NTSC/PAL)
no
yes
yes
VITC Read Lines
no
yes
yes
VITC Generate Lines
no
yes
yes
VITC Insertion Enable
no
yes
yes
Pitch Memory
no
yes
yes
Window Dub
all (Peripherals/Sync)
on/off only
yes, all
no
yes
yes
Generator, no Bi-Phase
yes
yes
GPI
yes
no
no
VSO
yes (Session Setup)
no
yes
Idle MTC Enabled
no
yes
yes
USD Emulation mode
no
yes
n/a
Parameters
Frame Rates
Freewheel duration
Bi-Phase/Tach
Gen/Bi-Phase Preset
34
SYNC I/O Guide
When a parameter name is visible Press Set once
to change the Display to show parameter values.
Front Panel
Generator/Parameter
Switches
The Generator/Parameter Controls are labelled
SET, DOWN, UP, and RUN/STOP/CLEAR/ESC.
In addition to their primary generator functions, these switches provide front panel access
to most SYNC I/O parameters.
Features Not Accessible from the SYNC I/O
Front Panel Controls
The front panel provides access to all SYNC I/O
features except the following, which can be controlled using Pro Tools or the SYNC I/O Setup
software utility (Windows only):
• Remote-Only Mode/Front Panel Lockout
• Firmware update
• Changing Window Burn Size, Vertical Position, Horizontal Position, and Color
• GPI (General Purpose Interface) functions
• Variable Speed Offset (VSO)
LTC
VITC
BI-PHASE
GENERATE
SET
DOWN
UP
Down and Up
These switches scroll through parameter names
or values:
When a parameter name is visible Press the
Down and Up switches to scroll through the parameter names (for example, from “SET GEn” to
“VIdEo SY”).
When a parameter value is visible Press the
Down and Up switches to scroll through the
range of values for the current parameter.
When entering time code values Press the Down
and Up switches simultaneously to cycle
through the hours:minutes:seconds:frames
fields in the time code display.
Run/Stop/Clear/Esc
For a listing of available parameters, see Table 5
on page 34.
POSITIONAL
REFERENCE
When a parameter value is visible Press Set once
to set the value for that parameter and return
the Display to time code.
DF
RUN/STOP
CLEAR
Generator/Parameter Switches
Set
The SET switch has three primary functions:
When time code is displayed Press Set once to
change the Display from time code to parameter
names.
This switch has two functions, depending on
the current mode:
While generating time code Press
RUN/STOP/CLEAR/ESC to start or stop the time
code generator when SYNC I/O is in Generator
Preset mode.
While time code is being displayed Press
RUN/STOP/CLEAR/ESC to reset the counter
whenever time code is visible in the LED Time
Code display.
Otherwise, the RUN/STOP/CLEAR/ESC switch
serves as a Cancel button.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
35
Edit Mode
To adjust LTC gain:
1 Press Set until the LED Time Code Display
To enter Parameter/Value Edit mode:
■ Press Set (when time code numbers are visible
in the LED Time Code Display). The first press
displays the first parameter name, “Set Gen,”
(for the time code generator).
shows a parameter name. The first name is Set
Generator (SE7 6En), although you may see a
different name, depending on the previous
SYNC I/O settings.
2 Press the Up or Down switches until the LED
Time Code Display shows LTC Gain (L7C 6AIn).
3 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display shows
The (default) first page of Generator Parameter controls
the current value for LTC Gain (in dBu).
A different parameter may be displayed, depending on the previous SYNC I/O settings.
4 Press the Up or Down switches to scroll
through the available values (in 3 dBu steps).
Hold down either switch to scroll quickly.
To scroll through parameter choices:
Press Up or Down to scroll through available
parameters. Holding the switch scrolls through
the parameters.
5 Press Set.
■
For a complete listing of front panel Generator/Parameter controls, see Chapter 5,
“Additional Operational Information.”
To select a parameter to edit:
■ When the desired parameter is displayed,
press Set. This will access that parameter’s current setting.
To edit parameter values:
■ With parameter values displayed, press Up or
Down to cycle through the available values.
Clock References and Options
The following sections explain each clock reference choice in detail. For basic instructions on
selecting the clock or positional reference, setting frame rate, or setting SYNC I/O sample rate,
see Chapter 2, “Installation and Configuration.”
Example: Adjusting LTC Gain
In the following example, the steps cover using
the SYNC I/O front panel controls to change the
Linear Time Code output level.
(With just a few exceptions, these steps are the
same for all SYNC I/O parameters.)
Video Clock Options
SYNC I/O provides two video inputs, Video Ref
In and Video In, which are each selectable for
clock reference. (See “Video and Clock Reference” on page 37).
For House Video Reference (Black Burst) Use the
SYNC I/O Video Ref Input.
For Incoming Video Use the Video In connector.
36
SYNC I/O Guide
Serial Time Code with MachineControl
MachineControl-equipped Pro Tools systems
can utilize serial time code through either of the
SYNC I/O 9-pin ports. When using MachineControl with serial time code as the positional
reference, SYNC I/O must be locked to a Video
Reference. In this scenario, SYNC I/O is set to
Generate mode to indicate that positional information is acquired by Pro Tools directly over the
9-pin cable, not through SYNC I/O. Refer to the
MachineControl Guide for complete serial time
code information.
MachineControl also provides 9-Pin Deck
Emulation mode, but this mode is not supported through either of the SYNC I/O 9-pin
ports. See the Digidesign MachineControl
Guide for more information.
the Video Ref In connector. However, if you select a positional reference other than Generate,
then the signal at the Video In connector is
used.
For more video signal information, refer to
“Video and VITC Signals” on page 67 in
Appendix A.
Digital Clock
To resolve SYNC I/O to external AES/EBU, Word
Clock, or Slave Clock:
From Pro Tools:
In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, select the appropriate digital
clock reference from the Clock Reference popup menu.
■
Video and Clock Reference
From the front panel:
If you have only a single video source, and since
SYNC I/O uses different video inputs depending
on configuration, you may want to follow the
wiring tip below to ensure that you have full
functionality in all configurations:
1 Press the Clock Reference switch to select
DIGITAL.
2 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display Digital Reference (dI6 rEF).
3 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
To work with a single video source:
1 Connect the video signal to Video Ref In.
2 Run a short BNC jumper cable from the Video
Ref Out connector to the Video In connector.
displays the current digital reference, which will
be:
• AES/EBU (AES-E8U)
– or –
• Word Clock (I CLOC)
3 Connect the Video Out signal to the video in-
put of your “destination” VTR or video editing
system.
The choice of video connector also matters
when choosing a positional reference. For instance, when SYNC I/O is in Generate mode and
Video is the current clock reference, the time
code reference for the generator is always from
4 Press Up or Down to select the digital clock
you want to use.
5 Press Set.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
37
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
■ Select the appropriate Digital clock reference
option from the Clock Ref pop-up menu.
If the chosen clock reference source is unavailable, or the current configuration is not valid,
the Locked LED on the right side of the
SYNC I/O front panel flashes.
Additional Digital Clock Information
AES/EBU The SYNC I/O AES In connector only
recognizes and uses the clock portion of an incoming AES/EBU audio signal. All audio information will be ignored and will not be passed to
the SYNC I/O AES Out connector.
Word Clock Word Clock is a digital clock reference signal that runs at 1x sample rate (44.1, 48,
88.2, 96, 176.4, or 192 kHz). Pro Tools|HD-series
audio interfaces have dedicated BNC-style Word
Clock connectors. A wide variety of professional
audio devices have Word Clock connectors, including digital mixing consoles, DASH-standard
digital multitrack tape recorders and MDMs
(modular digital multitrack recorders).
Slave Clock (256x)
Slave Clock (or Super Clock) is a Digidesign proprietary clock format used by legacy Digidesign
audio interfaces (888|24, 882|20, 1622, and
ADAT Bridge) that run at 256x the sample rate.
When using legacy interfaces with SYNC I/O
and Pro Tools|HD, your master HD audio interface (192 I/O, 192 Digital I/O, 96 I/O, or 96i I/O)
should supply Slave Clock to the first legacy device through its External Clock Out connector,
configured for 256x Slave Clock (see “Base
Clock” on page 58 for more information).
38
SYNC I/O Guide
Pro Tools|HD-series audio interfaces are always
connected using Loop Sync (see “Clock for
Pro Tools Audio Interfaces” on page 8 for more
information).
For additional digital clock signal information, see “Digital Clock Signal Types” on
page 69.
LTC and Clock Reference
LTC can provide both positional and clock information from the same time code signal. LTC
cannot be read when the reference deck is
stopped or playing back at slow speeds, or at fast
wind speeds (roughly 10x playback speed).
Pro Tools will not lock until the LTC signal is
present.
While resolving to LTC clock, the SYNC I/O provides five options to optimize your system for
different types of tasks. This lets you choose between faster response (for when fast lock-up
time is critical), or highest sound quality (during
critical laybacks, for example).
The Session Setup window provides a sub-menu
for LTC Clock Reference choices. The five
choices provide different servo gain settings to
reduce the effects of jitter when locking to linear
time code. In Stand-alone mode, these settings
are also available from the front panel.
Clock Reference LTC options in Session Setup
To resolve SYNC I/O to Linear Time Code from
Pro Tools:
In the Sync Setup section of the Session Setup
window, choose an LTC setting from the hierarchical Clock Reference pop-up menu. Choices
include:
■
LTC 0 (fastest) Allows the quickest resolving to
incoming LTC, but with greater jitter. This is the
default setting, and should be used when fast
lock ups are critical.
LTC 1 Provides an intermediate fast setting.
LTC 2 (average) Offers a compromise of lock up
time and jitter quality.
LTC 3 Provides an intermediate slow setting.
LTC 4 (smoothest) Offers the lowest jitter from
LTC resolve, but can take six to ten seconds to
achieve full resolve. This setting is most appropriate when loading critical audio from an analog master, where reducing or eliminating jitter
is more important than lock speed. Be sure to allow adequate pre-roll before punching in.
To resolve SYNC I/O to Linear Time Code from the
front panel:
■
Press the Clock Reference switch to select LTC.
To resolve SYNC I/O to Linear Time Code using
SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only):
Select Linear Time Code (LTC) from the
SYNC I/O Setup Clock Ref pop-up menu.
Additional LTC Information
LTC can provide positional and clock reference.
LTC can be recorded onto and played back from
an analog track, or a VTR audio, address or cue
track.
For further information on LTC signals, see
“LTC Signals” on page 68.
Pilot Tone
SYNC I/O can resolve to an external Pilot Tone
signal for clock reference, for synchronizing to
(or transferring audio from) certain types of
open-reel audio tape recorders. Pilot Tone is basically a 60 Hz (NTSC) or 50 Hz (PAL) sine wave
tone. Pilot Tone is used on location film shoots
to establish a common sync reference between a
film or video camera with a portable 1/4-inch
analog ATR. Pilot Tone contains no positional
information; it provides only clock reference.
SYNC I/O decides whether to use 60 Hz or 50 Hz
as the pilot tone reference frequency according
to the setting of the Video Format. When set to
PAL, the pilot tone frequency is assumed to be
50 Hz. When set to NTSC, 60 Hz is assumed.
Connect the Pilot Tone reference source to the
SYNC I/O Bi-Phase/Tach/GPI/Pilot port.
To resolve SYNC I/O to Pilot Tone:
From Pro Tools:
■
SYNC I/O provides adjustable LTC servo
gain. See “Servo Gain” on page 60.
In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, select Pilot Tone from the Clock
Reference pop-up menu.
■
From the front panel:
Press the Clock Reference switch to select
PILOT.
■
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
39
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
From the front panel:
Select Pilot Tone from the SYNC I/O Setup
Clock Ref pop-up menu.
BI-PHASE/TACH.
■
For additional Pilot Tone information, see
“Pilot Tone” on page 71 in Appendix A.
1 Press the Clock Reference switch to select
2 Select the appropriate Pulse Per Frame and Input Signals parameters, as described in “BiPhase/Tach Starting Frame” on page 45 and “BiPhase/Tach Signal” on page 46.
Bi-Phase/Tach and Clock Reference
If the Bi-Phase/Tach reference clock source
is not valid for any reason (such as a poor
connection or other signal transmission
problem), the Locked LED on the far-right
of the SYNC I/O front panel will flash.
SYNC I/O accepts up to 12 volts at the BiPhase input.
SYNC I/O is able to resolve to Bi-Phase/Tach information for use as a clock reference. BiPhase/Tach can synchronize positional reference, but you must provide a reference start address (see “Bi-Phase Position Trimming” on
page 46 for other requirements). Pro Tools will
not lock until the Bi-Phase signal is present.
To configure Bi-Phase/Tach settings, you need
to use the SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only) or SYNC I/O front panel controls.
To configure Bi-Phase/Tach for SYNC I/O clock
reference:
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
1 Select Bi-Phase/Tach from the SYNC I/O Setup
Clock Ref pop-up menu.
2 Select the appropriate Pulse Per Frame and Input Signals parameters, as described in “BiPhase/Tach Starting Frame” on page 45 and “BiPhase/Tach Signal” on page 46.
Typically, when you use Bi-Phase/Tach as the
clock reference you will also be using it as the
positional reference (see “Bi-Phase/Tach Positional Reference” on page 45.).
To select Bi-Phase/Tach as the positional
reference from Pro Tools:
In the SYNC Setup section of the Pro Tools
Session Setup window, select Bi-Phase from the
Positional Reference pop-up menu.
■
For additional Bi-Phase/Tach signal information, see “Bi-Phase/Tach” on page 70 in
Appendix A.
Internal Clock: Generating and
Regenerating
SYNC I/O can use its own crystal-referenced internal clock as a master clock source. When
SYNC I/O Clock Reference is set to Internal:
• Word Clock and AES/EBU digital clock outputs are simultaneously driven from the internal crystal reference.
– and –
• If the Positional Reference is set to Generate,
generated LTC, MTC, VITC count, and Window Dub outputs are resolved to the same internal crystal reference.
40
SYNC I/O Guide
To resolve SYNC I/O to its internal clock:
From Pro Tools:
3 Adjust the varispeed value using the on screen
slider.
In the SYNC Setup section of the Pro Tools
Session Setup window, select Internal/VSO from
the Clock Reference pop-up menu.
■
From the front panel:
Press the Clock Reference switch to select
INTERNAL/VSO.
Variable Speed Override controls (Pro Tools)
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
To varispeed the SYNC I/O internal clock from
SYNC I/O Setup (Windows only):
Select Internal/VSO from the SYNC I/O Setup
Clock Ref pop-up menu.
1 In the SYNC I/O Setup Variable Speed Over-
■
■
ride section, select VSO Enabled.
Variable Speed Override (VSO)
To fine-tune the speed (and pitch) of Pro Tools
or any device receiving its clock reference from
SYNC I/O, you can varispeed the rate of the
SYNC I/O crystal-referenced internal clock.
Variable Speed Override controls (SYNC I/O Setup
software utility, on Windows)
2 Use the sliders to adjust the varispeed values
VSO is available at any positional reference setting. VSO is not available from the SYNC I/O
front panel controls, but can be controlled directly from Pro Tools or with SYNC I/O Setup
software utility (Windows only).
To varispeed the SYNC I/O internal clock from
Pro Tools:
1 In the Sync Setup section of the Session Setup
window, make sure the Clock Reference is set to
Internal/VSO.
2 Select the VSO option.
in semitone or cent increments. The actual output word-clock frequency is shown near the
sliders.
– or –
Enter the value in semitones and cents using the
editable fields. Varispeed range changes with
sample rate, as shown in the following table.
Effective VSO rates
Sample Rate
(kHz)
44.1
Rate
Type
Min. (Hz)
Max (Hz)
1x
40000
50500
2x
80000
101000
4x
160000
202000
48
88.2
96
176.4
192
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
41
SYNC I/O will only output rates within the limits of the current sample rate. If a varispeed
value results in an output frequency (sample
rate) that is below or above the limits for the
current sample rate, the frequency display turns
red.
Positional Reference
and Options
The following sections provide additional information for each available Positional Reference
format.
3 Click Set.
Linear Time Code (LTC)
Using Pitch Memory
Pitch Memory holds the output sample rate
steady even when the Clock Reference is unavailable or has gone out of lock range.
◆ When Pitch Memory is not enabled, the output sample rate would return to the nominal
sample rate setting (for example, exactly
44.1 kHz) when the Clock Reference disappears
or goes out of lock range.
◆ When Pitch Memory is enabled, Pro Tools
continues to play and record at the resolved
sample rate even if the Clock Reference source
disappears.
To configure Pitch Memory:
LTC is often striped onto an ATR or VTR audio
track. Professional VTRs typically have an address or cue track, intended for LTC. If you are
working with a standard audio tape, you’ll almost certainly be working with LTC. If you’re
working with a videotape, you may be able to
work with either LTC or VITC, or both.
LTC can also be generated as an interpolation of
Absolute code. This is how time code DAT machines, DA-88, and many digital VTRs work. In
any case, LTC is delivered to SYNC I/O as a series
of audio pulses, regardless of how it is stored or
generated.
LTC can function simultaneously as a positional
reference and a clock reference.
From the front panel:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display Pitch Hold (PICH HLd).
2 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display shows
On or Off.
3 Press Up and Down to toggle between On and
Off.
4 Press Set.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
■
Click Pitch Memory Enabled.
SYNC I/O retains the Pitch Memory setting,
even when the unit is powered off and on again,
until you change it.
42
SYNC I/O Guide
To use LTC as SYNC I/O’s positional reference:
From Pro Tools:
In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, choose LTC from the Positional
Reference pop-up menu.
■
From the front panel:
Press the Positional Reference switch to select
LTC.
■
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
Select Linear Time Code (LTC) from the
SYNC I/O Setup Positional Ref pop-up menu.
■
Make sure you select the appropriate clock reference, sample rate, frame rate, and freewheel duration. Also make sure the LTC signal is routed
properly to the SYNC I/O LTC In connector.
Freewheel Duration
Freewheel duration (time code freewheel) configures SYNC I/O for a maximum number of
frames it should continue generating if time
code drops out or is otherwise interrupted. Freewheel settings are ignored when SYNC I/O is in
Internal/Generate mode.
Example of Time Code Freewheel
In a 30 fps Pro Tools session, if Freewheel Duration/Time Code Freewheel is 28 frames,
SYNC I/O will continue to generate until either
the incoming time code signal is restored, or until 28 frames elapse, whichever occurs first.
To set freewheel duration:
From Pro Tools:
In the Time Code Settings section of the Session Setup window, enter a number of frames for
time code Freewheel.
■
From the front panel:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display Freewheel Length (FrEE LEn).
2 Press Set to display freewheel duration
choices.
3 Use the Up or Down switches to scroll
through available choices (lowest is “4 Fr” or
four frames, highest is “40 Fr” or 40 frames).
4 Press Set.
VITC and Positional Reference
VITC is a commonly used positional reference
in professional audio post-production. Since
VITC is time code information that is embedded
as part of the video signal, VITC can be read
when the VTR is paused or crawling slowly.
When working with Pro Tools, this means that
VITC can be used for Auto-Spotting regions to
particular video frames.
VITC is less prone to tape drop outs, and in this
sense, is inherently more reliable than LTC.
VITC can be embedded into any video signal,
including digital video signals (tape or nonlinear), without requiring an extra audio track to
carry time code.
Tape Protection Mode and VITC
In order for VITC to be read when a videotape is
paused, the picture must remain visible. However, to reduce wear on the video heads, after a
few minutes of still/pause mode, many VTRs
will automatically drop into stop mode—which
means the tape will be disengaged from the
heads, and VITC can no longer be read off the
tape. To continue reading VITC, you may need
to reengage still/pause, or press play and reshuttle the tape to the desired frame.
Clock Considerations for VITC
To avoid tape protection mode problems and
ensure constant clock referencing, use the Video
Ref In as your clock reference instead of Video
In, whenever possible. When using Video Ref In
(and house sync), if the video picture disappears
SYNC I/O will remain resolved to the black burst
signal at the Video Ref In connector.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
Choose a value from the Freewheel Duration
menu.
■
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
43
To use VITC as SYNC I/O positional reference:
From Pro Tools:
■ In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, select VITC from the Positional
Reference pop-up menu.
From the front panel:
■ Press the Positional Reference switch to select
VITC.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
Select Vertical Interval Time Code (VITC)
from the SYNC I/O Setup Positional Ref pop-up
menu.
■
Additional VITC-Related Settings
SYNC I/O Settings Make sure to set the appropriate clock reference, sample rate, frame rate,
and freewheel duration.
Connections and Sources Make sure that your
VITC-striped video signal, if any, is routed to
SYNC I/O Video In connector (not the Video Ref
In connector). If you use a black burst signal as
clock reference connect it to the Video Ref In
connector.
You should consider using Video Ref as your
Clock Reference (rather than Video In) when
working with VITC because a black-burst signal
at the Video Ref input will always be there, unlike the video signal at Video In, which may disappear if the videotape disengages.
Auto Switch LTC/VITC Positional
Reference
In Auto Switch mode, SYNC I/O switches automatically between LTC and VITC depending
upon which is delivering the best time code signal. This is indicated on the front panel by the
44
SYNC I/O Guide
LTC and VITC positional reference LEDs (both
will be lit), and by a decimal point between the
minutes and seconds. on the front panel time
code display.
VITC cannot be read at high speeds (shuttle
speeds, for example) while LTC can, and LTC
cannot be read at slow speeds (while VITC can
be read at slow speeds, and when parked). Auto
Switch LTC/VITC provides the best of both LTC
and VITC reading without having to manually
switch settings.
Auto Switch LTC/VITC Requirements
• Make sure the LTC signal is routed properly to
the SYNC I/O LTC In connector;
• Make sure the VITC-striped video signal is
routed properly to the SYNC I/O Video In
connector (not the Video Ref In connector);
• Make sure to have or stripe matching code on
both your LTC and VITC tracks (and your onscreen video window burn, if any).
• Make sure to select Auto or the correct line
pair for VITC Read.
• Make sure to select the appropriate clock reference, sample rate, frame rate, and freewheel
duration options.
To select Auto Switch LTC/VITC for positional
reference:
From Pro Tools:
In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, select Auto Switch (LTC/VITC)
from the Positional Reference pop-up menu.
■
From the front panel:
Press the Positional Reference switch to select
Auto Switch LTC/VITC (indicated when both
the LTC and VITC LEDs are simultaneously lit).
■
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
From the front panel:
Press the Positional Reference switch to select
BI-PHASE.
■
Select Auto Switch LTC/VITC from the
SYNC I/O Setup Positional Ref pop-up menu.
■
For additional information and examples of
Auto Switch LTC/VITC, see “Auto-Switch
LTC/VITC” on page 68 in Appendix A.
Serial Time Code
SYNC I/O provides two 9-pin ports, to be used
with MachineControl-enabled systems to remotely control, or follow, external 9-pin transports through the use of serial time code.
For MachineControl-equipped Pro Tools systems, serial time code from either 9-pin port can
be used for positional reference. This option is
configured from the Peripherals dialog. For details on using serial time code with SYNC I/O,
see the MachineControl Guide.
Bi-Phase/Tach Positional Reference
Bi-Phase/Tach signals are clock reference signals, and do not contain positional information
of their own. However, they do contain enough
information for SYNC I/O to calculate positional information.
To calculate positional reference from BiPhase/Tach requires that SYNC I/O be given a
starting frame address, and a specific pulses-perframe value. Each of these related settings are
explained in the following sections.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
Select Bi-Phase/Tach from the SYNC I/O Setup
Positional Ref pop-up menu.
■
Continue by setting the starting frame as described in “Bi-Phase/Tach Starting Frame” on
page 45, and setting other Input Signals options, as appropriate.
Bi-Phase/Tach Starting Frame
In order to use the Bi-Phase/Tach signal as a positional reference, SYNC I/O also needs to know
the time code address for a particular frame of
film. This positional relationship is established
by parking the film device at a particular frame
and setting SYNC I/O to the equivalent time
code value using the Bi-Phase/Tach Starting
Frame parameter.
Bi-Phase start frame cannot be set from
within Pro Tools. Use the Sync I/O Setup
software utility or the SYNC I/O front panel
controls.
To set the Bi-Phase/Tach start frame from the
front panel:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display Set Gen (SE7 6En).
To use Bi-Phase/Tach for positional reference:
2 Press Set to display time code numbers. One of
the time code fields (hours:minutes:seconds:frames) flashes.
First, do one of the following:
3 Press the Up or Down switch to scroll through
From Pro Tools:
In the SYNC Setup section of the Session
Setup window, select Bi-Phase from the Positional Reference pop-up menu.
■
the parameter values.
4 To set a time code setting and advance to the
next field, press and release the Down and Up
switches simultaneously.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
45
5 Repeat until you have finished setting
SYNC I/O to the desired generator start time.
3 Use the Down and Up switches to scroll be-
6 Press Set.
4 Press Set.
The LED Time Code Display stops flashing, and
displays the start time.
Bi-Phase/Tach Pulses-per-frame (PPF)
To set the Bi-Phase/Tach start frame using
SYNC I/O Setup software utility (Windows only):
1 In the Generator/Bi-Phase Preset section, type
in the time code value of the starting frame, in
hours:minutes:seconds:frames.
2 Click Set.
Bi-Phase/Tach Signal
To define the direction for a Bi-Phase/Tach input
signal using the front panel controls:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
tween the parameter values.
There are several different standards for the
number of pulses-per-frame output by Bi-Phase
or Tach devices. Using the SYNC I/O Setup software utility’s Pulse Per Frame setting (Windows
only), you can set SYNC I/O to operate from 2 to
254 pulses per frame. The setting should match
the PPF rate of the external device’s BiPhase/Tach encoder.
To set the pulses per frame value for a BiPhase/Tach signal using the front panel:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display Bi-Phase/Tach Pulses Per Frame (bIPH
PPF):
display Bi-Phase/Tach Input Signal (bIPH 5I6).
2 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display will
2 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display shows
switch to display the current PPF value.
one of the four parameter values:
3 Use the Down and Up switches to scroll
A LEAd b Bi-Phase: FWD = A leads B: when the A
square wave is ahead of the B square wave, the
direction of the Bi-Phase signal is understood to
be “Forward.”
b LEAd A Bi-Phase: FWD = B leads A: when the B
square wave is ahead of the A square wave, the
direction of the Bi-Phase signal is understood to
be “Forward.”
r–n–d LO Tach: FWD = B is Low: when the B signal is in a “low” state, the rate and direction
(“r–n–d”) of the Tach signal is understood to be
“Forward.”
r–n–d HI Tach: FWD = B is High: When the B signal is in a “high” state, the rate and direction
(“r–n–d”) of the Tach signal is understood to be
“Forward.”
46
SYNC I/O Guide
through the parameter values (from 2 to 255
pulses per frame). Holding either switch will
scroll at a faster speed.
4 Press Set.
Bi-Phase Position Trimming
While using bi-phase as your positional reference, you can trim the Bi-Phase-to-time code
translation at any time. Each press of the Up
switch will advance the time address one frame.
Each press of the Down switch will retard the
time address by one frame. Remember how
many presses you've accumulated so that you
can go back and trim the starting address you
previously programmed.
Compensating for Time Code
Offsets
You can offset the display of incoming time
code in the Pro Tools application. This is useful
when you want to adjust the display of time
code to match the start time of the session (such
as with source material that starts at a different
time), or compensate for source material that is
consistently offset by a fixed number of frames
(such as with some color–corrected video masters).
Pro Tools provides three different types of Session Start Offsets settings (External Time Code
Offsets in Pro Tools 6.6.x). These offsets include:
• MMC (MIDI Machine Control)
• 9-Pin (Serial machine control)
• Synchronization peripherals such as the
SYNC I/O, USD, or other peripherals (such
as MIDI interfaces that provide MIDI Time
Code).
Unique values can be defined for each of these
three types offsets, or you can link all three to
adjust in unison.
Positive and negative offset values can be entered to offset Pro Tools time code display later
or earlier, respectively.
Offsets and Time Code Display
The SYNC I/O Time Code Display continues to
display actual incoming time code, regardless of
any Session Start Offsets (External Time Code
Offsets in Pro Tools 6.6.x) that are applied in
Pro Tools.
To apply an offset to the session start time:
In the Session Setup window, in the Session
Start Offsets section (External Time Code Offsets
section in Pro Tools 6.6.x), enter a time in an
offset field.
■
To apply the same session start time to all
devices:
In the Session Setup window, select Link to
apply the same offset value to all devices.
■
Generating & Regenerating
Time Code
SYNC I/O generates LTC, VITC, and MTC simultaneously, obtaining time addresses from a variety of sources:
• When the Positional Reference is set to Generate, SYNC I/O generates LTC, VITC, and
MTC from an internal time address clock. This
is referred to as Generator Preset mode.
• When the Positional Reference is LTC, VITC,
or Bi-Phase, SYNC I/O generates LTC, VITC,
and MTC based on the time address of one of
those sources. This is sometimes called regeneration or translation. For SYNC I/O, this is referred to as Read/Regeneration mode.
Time code generated by the SYNC I/O does
not follow session Pull Up and Pull Down
settings.
Read/Regeneration Mode
In this mode, SYNC I/O regenerates time code
based on external positional reference information (LTC or VITC time code, or a Bi-Phase/Tach
signal). Subject to certain conditions, three
types of time code (LTC, VITC, and MTC) are simultaneously regenerated from the selected positional reference.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
47
Requirements for Read/Regeneration of LTC,
VITC and MTC
LTC The external positional reference must be
moving at normal, 1x forward speed (±8%).
VITC The positional reference must be LTC or BiPhase/Tach, at any readable speed, forward or
reverse, or when the positional reference is set to
Generate. SYNC I/O will not regenerate VITC if
the positional reference is VITC.
MTC In order for SYNC I/O to regenerate continuous MTC, the external positional reference
must be moving at normal, 1x forward speed
(±8%). Outside of this speed range and direction, MTC is generated in bursts every 200 milliseconds. This allows MTC-slaved devices to
read VITC or Bi-Phase properly in either direction, and at speeds down to zero. SYNC I/O begins regenerating MTC as soon as it again detects a valid positional reference signal.
To optionally mute idle time MTC output,
see “MTC Output and Idle Muting” on
page 53.
Generator Reference Rule
If the Clock Reference is set to Internal, LTC,
Pilot Tone, Bi-Phase/Tach, Digital (AES/EBU), or
Digital (Word Clock), then the time code generator will lock to the selected clock reference.
◆
– or –
If the Clock Reference is set to one of the two
video inputs (Video Ref In or Video In), then the
time code generator will reference the Video Ref
In connector.
◆
Frame Rate Restrictions with Video Reference
In Generator Preset mode, if the Clock Reference
is set to one of the two video inputs (Video Ref
In or Video In), Pro Tools is restricted to generating time code at the incoming video frame
rate.
If the positional reference is LTC or VITC,
SYNC I/O will regenerate time code addresses
that match the incoming time code addresses. If
the positional reference is a Bi-Phase/Tach signal, SYNC I/O will generate time code addresses
starting at the Bi-Phase preset start time. (See
“Bi-Phase/Tach Starting Frame” on page 45 for
more information.)
With the SYNC I/O, if the video format is set to
NTSC, only 29.97 fps and 29.97 DF fps may be
chosen as the time code format, and, if the video
format is set to PAL, only 25 fps may be chosen
as the time code format.
Generator Preset Mode
These restrictions are removed when not in
Generator Preset mode.
In this mode, SYNC I/O generates time code internally from a start time based upon the Generator Preset Time. Using either SYNC I/O Setup
(Windows only) or the SYNC I/O front panel
controls, you can start, stop, resume, and reset
time code generation.
48
When generating time code in Generator Preset
Mode, the SYNC I/O time code generator is resolved (locked) to one of three possible sources,
based upon the following Generator Reference
rule.
SYNC I/O Guide
In Generator Preset mode, if the Clock Reference
is set to one of the two video inputs, 24 fps cannot be used as the SYNC I/O time code format.
Generator Start Time
To set the generator start frame:
From Pro Tools:
Configure the Session Setup window as appropriate for your system and the current project.
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide for specific
instructions.
■
Make sure LTC is correctly routed as explained
in Chapter 2, “Installation and Configuration”.
If you need to adjust the level of the SYNC I/O
LTC output signal, see “Example: Adjusting
LTC Gain” on page 36 for instructions. You can
also adjust the SYNC I/O LTC servo gain, as described in “Servo Gain” on page 60.
To regenerate LTC
From the front panel:
From Pro Tools:
1 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
■
display Set Gen (SE7 6En).
2 Press Set. One of the time code fields displayed
In the Sync Setup section of the Session Setup
window, select any external positional reference
(except Generate).
will be flashing.
From the front panel:
3 Press Up or Down to lower or raise the cur-
■
rently flashing value.
4 To set a time code setting and advance to the
Press the Positional Reference switch to select
an external positional reference (do not select
GENERATE).
next field, press and release Down and Up simultaneously.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
5 Repeat until you have finished setting
■
SYNC I/O to the desired generator start time.
6 Press Set.
SYNC I/O retains the setting, even when the
unit is powered off and on again, until you
change it.
LTC Generation/Regeneration
Regenerating LTC
SYNC I/O will regenerate LTC whenever the external positional reference is moving at normal,
1x forward speed (±10%).
Select an external positional reference from
the SYNC I/O Setup Positional Ref pop-up (except Generate).
SYNC I/O regenerates LTC as soon as it receives
a valid positional reference signal.
Generating LTC
In Generator Preset mode, SYNC I/O can generate LTC using either an external or internal
clock reference. Make sure LTC is correctly
routed and that all your other gear is properly
configured before you begin. See “Example: Adjusting LTC Gain” on page 36 for SYNC I/O LTC
instructions. If necessary, adjust the input level
for the destination device.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
49
To generate LTC using Pro Tools:
VITC Video Source Rule
1 In the Time Code Settings section of the Session Setup window, select Using SYNC under
Generator.
Since SYNC I/O has two video inputs (“Video
In” and “Video Ref In”), the following rule describes which of these two signals VITC is applied to.
2 Put Pro Tools online.
3 Start Pro Tools recording or playback.
Pro Tools commands SYNC I/O to begin generating LTC with time addresses synchronized to
the session time line.
To generate LTC using the front panel controls:
1 Press the Positional Reference switch to select
GENERATE.
2 Configure the desired time code start in
hours:minutes:seconds:frames using the Set, Up
and Down switches. See “Generator Start Time”
on page 49 for instructions.
3 To begin generating, press and release the
RUN/STOP/CLEAR/ESC switch.
To generate LTC using SYNC I/O Setup software
utility (Windows only):
1 Select Generate in the Positional Ref pop-up
menu.
2 In the Generator/Bi-Phase Preset window
(time fields), type in the desired time code start
time, in Hrs:Min:Sec:Frm. To reset, click Zero.
3 To begin generating, click Run.
4 When you have finished generating the de-
sired length of LTC, click Stop.
VITC Generation/Regeneration
When you use SYNC I/O to regenerate or generate VITC, you’ll be inserting VITC into an existing video signal. The input is derived according
to the following rule.
50
SYNC I/O Guide
If the Positional Reference is set to Generate
and the Clock Reference is set to either of the
two video inputs, then VITC will be applied to
the video signal at the Video Ref In connector
and fed to the Video Out connector.
◆
Under all other combinations of Positional
Reference and Clock Reference, VITC will be applied to the video signal at the Video In connector and fed to the Video Out connector.
◆
In addition, SYNC I/O will not insert new VITC
while reading VITC from an external source.
This is a safety feature to prevent the loss of existing VITC in the video stream. VITC is never
inserted when the Positional Reference is set to
VITC or Auto Switch LTC/VITC.
Example Video Input Configuration
One common situation is transferring video
from a source VTR (or a nonlinear video editing
system) to a destination VTR (or a nonlinear
video editing system). The video source signal is
connected to one of SYNC I/O’s video input
connectors according to the VITC Video Source
rule.
The SYNC I/O Video Out signal is connected to
the destination device. SYNC I/O is then able to
stripe the second VTR’s videotape with VITC.
(At the same time, you might also want to insert
a window burn. See “Window Burn Display Options” on page 55.)
Unlike LTC, SYNC I/O can regenerate
VITC with both forward and reverse time
code addresses.
To prevent destruction of the original VITC
code, SYNC I/O will not re-apply (regenerate)
VITC onto the same video stream from which it
is reading VITC.
LTC If you want to use LTC as a positional
source, do not select Auto Switch LTC/VITC.
External In order for SYNC I/O to regenerate
VITC based on an external positional reference,
you’ll need to select both a clock reference and a
positional reference.
To regenerate VITC based on an external
positional reference from the front panel:
1 Connect the video source to the SYNC I/O
11 Select valid clock and positional references.
SYNC I/O will regenerate VITC and insert it
onto the video signal (as soon as it receives a
valid positional reference signal).
To regenerate VITC based on an external
positional reference using SYNC I/O Setup
software utility (Windows only):
1 Ensure that SYNC I/O is connected in-line
with a video source and video destination.
2 Ensure that VITC Insertion Enabled is checked
in the SYNC I/O Setup window and that you
have selected the appropriate format (NTSC or
PAL).
Video Ref In connector and loop to the
SYNC I/O Video Input connector.
3 Use the VITC Generate Lines menu to config-
2 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
4 Select the appropriate clock reference.
ure the line pair, if necessary.
display VITC Insertion (VI7C In5).
5 Select either LTC or Bi-Phase/Tach from the
3 Press Set.
4 Use the Down and Up switches toggle be-
tween On and Off.
5 Press Set to select VITC Insertion.
6 Make sure you have selected the appropriate
format (NTSC or PAL, depending on your
project). For instructions, see “Video Format/System” on page 61.
7 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display VITC Generate Lines (6En LInE).
8 Press Set. The default line pair is14/16, which
is also the SMPTE-recommended setting.
9 Use the Down and Up switches to scroll
through the parameter values and select a VITC
line pair.
10 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display will return to showing time code numbers.
SYNC I/O Setup Positional Reference pop-up
window:
SYNC I/O will regenerate VITC and insert it
onto the video signal (as soon as it receives a
valid clock reference signal and positional reference signal).
Internal VITC Generation
SYNC I/O can also generate VITC internally, using its integral time code generating feature. In
this mode (Positional Reference switch = Generate) you can use either an external clock reference, or the SYNC I/O internal crystal as a clock
reference with a variable start time.
When generating VITC internally, if the insertion is not timed based upon an upstream video
reference you may encounter repeated or
skipped VITC frames. Be sure to check “VITC
Timing Rule” on page 67 and “VITC Video
Source Rule” on page 50.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
51
To generate VITC internally using the front panel
controls:
To generate VITC Internally using SYNC I/O Setup
software utility (Windows only):
1 Ensure that SYNC I/O is connected in-line
with a video source and video destination.
1 Ensure that SYNC I/O is connected in-line
2 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
2 Ensure that VITC Insertion Enabled is selected
in the SYNC I/O Setup window, and that you
have selected the appropriate format (NTSC or
PAL).
display VITC Insertion (VI7C In5). For detailed
instructions, see “VITC Insertion” on page 58.
3 Use the Down and Up switches to toggle VITC
Insertion On and Off.
4 When On is selected, press Set.
5 Press Set, and use the Up or Down switches to
display VITC Generate Lines (6En LInE).
6 Press Set. The default line pair is 14/16, which
is also the SMPTE-recommended setting.
7 Use the Down and Up switches to scroll
through the parameter values and select a VITC
line pair.
8 Press Set.
9 Using the Positional Reference switch, select
Generate.
10 Set the time code start time. See “Generator
Start Time” on page 49 for instructions.
11 Arm the destination VTR to record video, so
that VITC can be inserted into the video signal,
and be recorded on the destination videotape.
3 If necessary, select onto which line pair you’ll
be generating VITC using the VITC Generate
Lines pop-up menu.
4 Select the appropriate clock reference, using
SYNC I/O Setup’s Clock Ref selector.
5 From the Positional Ref selector, select Generate.
6 In the Generator/Bi-Phase Preset window,
type in the desired time code start time, in
Hrs:Min:Sec:Frm. To reset to 00:00:00:00, click
Zero.
7 Click Set. Typically, at this point you would
arm the destination VTR to record video, so that
VITC can be inserted into the video signal, and
be recorded on the destination videotape. Make
sure that your chosen clock reference is actually
present and running, and that it is synchronized
with the incoming video signal
8 Click Run to start. The time code addresses
12 Make sure that your chosen clock reference is
will begin to increment.
actually present and running, then press the
SYNC I/O Run switch.
9 Click Stop when you want to pause or stop the
The time code addresses will begin to increment.
To pause or stop VITC from the front panel:
■ Press and release the Run/Stop/Clear switch
when you want to pause or stop the generating
process.
52
with a video source and video destination.
SYNC I/O Guide
generating process.
Regardless of whether you are generating or
regenerating, an active video signal will
need to be present at one of the SYNC I/O
video inputs. Check to see if the machine is
paused, stopped or unlaced.
MTC Generation/Regeneration
MTC (MIDI Time Code) is a serial digital signal.
In many ways, you can think of it as an inaudible type of LTC that can be used by various MIDI
devices.
MTC is available from the SYNC I/O MTC Out
connector, which is a standard DIN-style 5-pin
female MIDI connector.
To use MTC, connect MTC Out to a MIDI In
connector of a device that can recognize and use
MTC. Typically, this would be a console, sequencer, synthesizer or sampler keyboard, a
drum machine or other device.
From SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only):
1 Launch SYNC I/O Setup.
2 Deselect the Idle MTC Enabled option.
Generating a Window Burn
SYNC I/O offers time code character generation
(also known as window burn or dubbing). This
superimposes onto a video signal a small area
called a window dub (or window burn, or time
code window) that displays time code in
hours:minutes:seconds:frames
MTC Output and Idle Muting
MTC is normally output whenever LTC is output. Whenever LTC output stops, SYNC I/O will
continue to output MTC in bursts of one frame
every 200 milliseconds. This allows any connected MIDI-reading device to be continuously
updated as to the position of VITC or Bi-Phase
(either of which might be operating at slow or
still speeds). Thus, you can still use a connected
MIDI device for Auto-Spotting from VITC or BiPhase.
Video image with window burn
Optionally, this constant output can be set to
mute when time code (LTC) is idle.
To mute idle-time MTC output:
From the front panel:
1 Press the Set, Up and Down switches to dis-
play Idle MTC (IdLE 7C).
2 Press Set to display the current state (On or
A window dub provides a visual cue to your location in a project, and can be helpful when
spotting regions to video frames in Pro Tools, especially if your only time code reference from
tape is LTC (Auto-Spot requires VITC).
The SYNC I/O character generator obtains its
time code address from the chosen Positional
Reference.
Off).
3 Press Up or Down to toggle the Idle MTC set-
ting.
4 Press Set.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
53
Window Dub Requirements
Existing Video Signal SYNC I/O can only burn a
window dub onto an existing video signal. This
means that at least one video “source” signal
(from a VTR, nonlinear editing system, or other
video device) must be present at one of the
SYNC I/O video input connectors (Video In or
Video Ref In). When generating a window dub,
the VITC Timing Rule applies (see “VITC Timing
Rule” on page 67.
SYNC I/O Output The signal from the SYNC I/O
Video Out connector must be routed to a video
destination such as another VTR or nonlinear
editing system.
To burn a window dub onto a video signal from Pro
Tools:
1 Choose Setups > Peripherals and click the Syn-
chronization tab.
2 Enable Sync Setup to make the Window Dub
controls available.
Configuring Window Dub from Pro Tools
3 Click Enable Dub Window.
4 Configure any of the following Window burn
appearance settings: Size, Vertical Position, Horizontal Position, and Color.
Size Sets the relative size of the window dub
(Small or Large).
54
SYNC I/O Guide
Vertical Position Sets the vertical position of the
window dub, relative to the bottom of the video
picture. The choices range from 10% From Bottom to 50% From Bottom, in 10% increments.
“10% from Bottom” vertical position is outside the standard “safe title” area, which
means it may not be visible on some video
monitors.
Horizontal Position Sets the window dub’s relative horizontal position within the video picture. The choices include Extreme Left, Left,
Center, Right and Extreme Right.
The “Extreme” horizontal positions are outside the standard “safe title” area, which
means they may not be visible on some
video monitors.
Color Sets the color of the time code numbers in
the window dub, and the color of the window
dub’s background. The choices include White
on Black Bkgnd; Black on White Bkgnd; White
on Video Bkgnd; or Black on Video Bkgnd.
(Video Bkgnd means that the window dub’s
background is transparent, so that the time code
numbers are displayed directly on top of the
video signal, without a contrasting background
box.) The default setting is White on Black
Bkgnd.
5 After configuring the dub window settings,
click OK to close the Peripherals window.
To enable a window dub using the front panel
controls:
1 Press Set, and use the Down and Up switches
to display Burn Enabled (burn EnA).
2 Press Set. The LED Time Code Display will
switch to display the current On or Off setting
for Window Burn.
3 Use the Down and Up switches to switch be-
tween the parameter values.
4 Press Set.
Based on the selected positional reference, the
time code character generator burns time code
addresses onto any video signal passing through
SYNC I/O.
Window Burn Display Options
If you need to change the appearance of the
window dub—in terms of size, vertical position,
horizontal position, and color—you need to use
Pro Tools or SYNC I/O Setup software utility
(Windows only). These parameters cannot be
adjusted from the SYNC I/O front panel controls.
Default Window Burn settings are listed in
“Restoring Factory Settings” on page 64.
To configure a window dub using SYNC I/O Setup
(Windows only):
1 In the Dub Window section of SYNC I/O
Setup, select Window Enabled.
2 Specify the appearance of the window dub
with the pop-up menus for Vertical Position,
Horizontal Position, and Color.
Chapter 4: Using SYNC I/O
55
56
SYNC I/O Guide
chapter 5
Additional Operational Information
Front Panel
Generator/Parameter
Controls
Front Panel Parameters
SYNC I/O LED display of abbreviated parameter names
LED
Parameter
SE7 6En
Set Generator Start Time
dI6 rEF
Digital Reference
SPL FrEC
Sample Freq (Rate)
PuLL r7E 1
Pull Up/Down 0.1%
PuLL r7E4
Pull Up 4.167%, Down 4.0%
bASE CLOC
External Clock Out
VI7C InS
VITC Insertion
rdr LInE
(VITC) Reader Line
6En LInE
(VITC) Generate Line
To select SYNC I/O front panel parameters:
burn EnA
Window Burn On/Off
1 Press Set.
FrEE LEn
Freewheel Duration
2 Use the Up and Down switches to scroll
L7C 6AIn
LTC Output gain
SErVo Gn
LTC Servo gain
PICH HLd
Pitch Hold On/Off
bIPH PPF
Bi-Phase Pulse-per-frame
bIPH SI6
Bi-Phase Signal Configuration
VIdEO SY
Video Format (NTSC/PAL)
IdLE 7C
Idle MTC On/Off
USD CPA7
USD Compatibility On/Off
This section details the parameters available
from the multi-function SET, UP, DOWN and
RUN/STOP, CLEAR switches. (Referred to as Set,
Up, Down and Run). For details on the multifunction Generator/Parameter switches, see
“Front Panel Generator/Parameter Switches” on
page 35.
Parameters
SYNC I/O parameters are selected and edited using the four Generator/Parameter switches.
through available parameters, described below.
The 7-segment LEDs in the Generator/Parameter Display abbreviate some parameter names
using numerals to represent letters (such as “5”
to represent “S” or “s”). The following table
identifies each of these abbreviations.
Chapter 5: Additional Operational Information
57
Set Generator Start Time
Base Clock
Lets you set a start time for the SYNC I/O time
code generator.
Configures the Word Clock Out port. Choices
are Session (1x the base session sample rate), or
256x (for Slave Clock devices).
See “Generator Start Time” on page 49.
Digital Clock Reference
SYNC I/O can use AES/EBU or Word Clock (1x)
for digital clock reference.
The base sample rate is 44.1 kHz when session sample rate is 44.1, 88.2, or
176.4 kHz, or 48 kHz when session sample
rate is 48, 96, or 192 kHz.
VITC Insertion
See “Digital Clock” on page 37.
Sample Rate
Selects the SYNC I/O sample rate.
When selected, VITC will be inserted onto the
outgoing video signal—assuming that a video
signal is present at one of the SYNC I/O video
inputs, and that SYNC I/O is in a valid mode for
inserting VITC.
See “Sample Rate” on page 17.
To configure SYNC I/O to insert VITC using the
front panel:
Pull Rate
1 Select VITC Insertion (VI7C InS) using the Set,
Down, and Up switches.
Two Pull Rate settings enable 0.1%, and 4%, Pull
Up or Pull Down for the current sample rate.
2 Press Set again. The Time Code Display shows
On or Off.
3 Use Down an Up to toggle the choices.
4 Press Set when the desired choice is shown.
58
Pull Rate1 Lets you enable 0.1% pull up or
down.
VITC Read Lines
Pull Rate4 Lets you enable 4.167% pull up, or
4.0% pull down, when available.
This setting determines which line pair of incoming video is used for the VITC source.
SYNC I/O Guide
To choose the VITC read lines:
Window Dub/Burn
1 Select VITC Read Lines (rdr LInE), using the
By enabling this setting, you can superimpose a
window dub onto an incoming video signal.
Set, Down, and Up switches.
2 Press Set switch. The Time Code Display will
shows one of the parameter values:
• Auto (ALL-LInE)—where SYNC I/O will search
all lines and select the first valid line pair automatically
The front panel lets you enable window dub but
does not let you adjust any window options.
• the currently selected read lines, if different.
3 Use Down and Up to scroll parameters.
4 Press Set when the desired read line is shown.
VITC Generate Lines
This setting determines the line pair of the video
signal at the Video Out connector onto which
SYNC I/O inserts VITC. Normally, this should be
left at the default setting of 14/16.
To choose the VITC generate lines:
1 Select VITC Generate Lines (6En LInE), using
the Set, Down, and Up switches.
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
displays the current lines.
3 Use Down and Up to scroll parameters.
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
press Set. SYNC I/O will retain the setting, even
when the unit is powered off and on again, until
it is changed.
To enable or disable the SYNC I/O window dub
from the front panel:
1 Select Burn Enabled (burn EnA), using the Set,
Down, and Up switch.
2 Press Set again.
3 Use Down and Up to toggle between on/off.
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
press Set. SYNC I/O will retain the setting, even
when the unit is powered off and on again, until
it is changed.
See “Generating a Window Burn” on page 53 for
Pro Tools and SYNC I/O Setup software utility
window dub instructions. See “SYNC I/O Defaults” on page 64 for default display settings.
Freewheel Length/Duration
Freewheel Length sets the period of time for
which SYNC I/O will continue to regenerate
time code when incoming time code is interrupted.
See “Freewheel Duration” on page 43 for an explanation of this feature.
Chapter 5: Additional Operational Information
59
To set the freewheel duration:
To set the LTC servo gain:
1 Select Freewheel Length (FrEE LEn), using the
Set, Down, and Up switches.
1 Select Servo Gain (SErVo Gn) using the Set,
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
displays the current setting, in frames.
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
3 Use Down and Up to scroll parameters.
3 Use the Down and Up switches to display an-
4 Press Set when the desired value is shown.
other parameter value. Servo gain provides four
gain settings.
LTC Output Level/Gain
4 When you have chosen the desired option,
Down, and Up switches.
shows the current setting (–001 is the default).
press Set.
Adjusts the audio level of the SYNC I/O LTC
output, from –24 dBu to +9 dBu.
See “Example: Adjusting LTC Gain” on page 36
for step-by-step LTC gain instructions.
Pitch Memory/Hold
Pitch Memory is useful when resolving
SYNC I/O to off-speed, free-running LTC. When
Pitch Memory is enabled, SYNC I/O will remain
at a pitch (sample rate) that corresponds to the
last known clock reference speed.
To set the LTC output level:
1 Select LTC Gain (L7C 6AIn), using the Set,
Down, and Up switches.
2 Press the Set switch again. The LED Time Code
Display shows the current setting, in dBu.
3 Use the Down and Up switches to switch between the parameter values.
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
press Set.
Servo Gain
This setting provides a user selectable LTC input
gain offset. Selectable from the front panel only,
this parameter can significantly lessen or remove jitter on word clock while resolving to
LTC (though it can slightly increase lockup
time).
Turn off Pitch Memory if you want to digitally transfer to another device and to ensure the receiving device gets the correct
sample rate. Also, turn pitch memory off if
you are doing an analog transfer to
Pro Tools and want to ensure that the recording is made at the exact sample rate set
by the session set up window.
To enable or disable SYNC I/O pitch memory
feature:
1 Select Pitch Hold (PICH HLd), using the Set,
Down, and Up switches.
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
will display the current setting (on or off).
3 Use Down and Up to scroll parameters.
60
SYNC I/O Guide
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
press Set. SYNC I/O retains the setting, even
when powered off, until it is changed.
Video Format/System
Selects the format (NTSC or PAL) for both the incoming and outgoing video signals.
Bi-Phase/Tach Pulses Per Frame
Bi-Phase/Tach involve several settings, including pulse per frame. This sets the number of BiPhase/Tach pulses per frame of time code.
To set the pulses per frame value for a BiPhase/Tach signal:
1 Select Bi-Phase/Tach Pulses Per Frame (bIPH
PPF), using the Set, Down, and Up switches.
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
shows the current parameter values, in pulses
per frame. The readout will look similar to this:
0002
3 Use Down Up to scroll parameters. Pressing
NTSC The standard for North and South America, Japan, and certain other parts of the world
PAL Used in most of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Users of SECAM video (for France, Russia, and
other parts of the world) should select PAL.
Be sure you have selected the correct video
format. SYNC I/O will not warn you if you
have chosen the wrong one.
To select the desired video system:
1 Select Video System (VIdEo SY), using the Set,
Down, and Up switches.
2 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
and releasing the switches will change the value
by just one pulse per frame. Pressing and holding the switches scrolls at a faster speed.
will show one of the following:
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
3 Use Down and Up to toggle parameters.
press Set. SYNC I/O will retain the setting, even
when the unit is powered off and on again, until
it is changed.
Bi-Phase/Tach Input Signal
In addition to other Bi-Phase/Tach parameters,
the Input Signal defines the direction of the BiPhase/Tach signal.
• NTSC (n75C)
• PAL (PAL)
4 When you have chosen your desired option,
press Set.
SYNC I/O will retain the setting, even when the
unit is powered off and on again, until it is
changed.
MTC Idle Mute
MTC is output constantly whenever SYNC I/O is
generating time code. Optionally, this output
can be muted when time code (LTC) is idle.
For complete instructions, see “Bi-Phase/Tach
Signal” on page 46.
See “MTC Output and Idle Muting” on page 53.
Chapter 5: Additional Operational Information
61
USD Compatibility Mode
This setting lets you turn USD emulation on and
off, to support older Pro Tools systems and
other audio systems.
Using Fader Start
SYNC I/O provides six GPI outputs in total, two
TTL-level and four relays. Together, this combination of outputs makes it possible for
SYNC I/O to provide Fader Start capability.
Utilization of Fader Start has specific wiring requirements. See “GPI Relay Wiring for
Fader-Start” on page 90.
Fader Start allows faders in Pro Tools to trigger
external devices to play and stop.
To implement Fader Start, Pro Tools maps the
first two visible auxiliary input channels in a
session to GPI Relay outputs 0 and 1 (first being
left-to-right in the Mix window, top-to-bottom
in the Edit window).
Example Fader Start Application
In a typical scenario, the Fader Start feature controls playback of a CD player. The CD player
outputs are routed into a Pro Tools stereo Aux
Input. As the Aux channel fader is moved above
–120 dB, playback of the CD player is automatically triggered. Likewise, as the fader is moved
below –120 dB, playback is automatically
stopped.
To rearrange tracks, drag the Track Name
left or right in the Mix window, or up or
down in the Edit window. See the Pro Tools
Reference Guide for more information.
62
SYNC I/O Guide
To configure Pro Tools tracks for Fader Start Play
and Stop:
1 Use the New Track dialog to create two new
auxiliary input tracks. If you already have aux
tracks, you will use the first and second (topmost in the Edit window, left-most in the Mix
window).
2 When the first visible aux input in a Pro Tools
session is above –120 dB, GPI Relay output 3
(Fader Start #1) will be enabled; otherwise, it will
be disabled.
Similarly, when the second visible aux input in
a Pro Tools session is above –120 dB, GPI Relay
output #4 (Fader Start #2) will be enabled; otherwise, it will be disabled.
If you rearrange channel strips in the Pro Tools
Mix or Edit windows, the two GPI outputs will
update dynamically to reflect the current state.
The Fader Start channel must be in a Show Track
state (not hidden). See “GPI Relay Wiring for
Fader-Start” on page 90 for additional GPI information.
Calibrating the SYNC I/O
Oscillator
SYNC I/O provides a feature for calibrating the
frequency of the on-board crystal oscillator.
This allows SYNC I/O to be used as an extremely
accurate frequency reference while in Internal/VSO mode.
With normal usage, SYNC I/O should never require recalibrating. Each unit is factory calibrated to within +/– 5 ppm (parts per million).
You may want to recalibrate SYNC I/O in the
following situations:
• If greater than 5 ppm accuracy is required.
• If the unit needs to be matched to a unique
(nonstandard) frequency.
• To precisely compensate for component aging.
– and –
• To restore the original factory setting.
Oscillator recalibration does not occur during firmware updating or when resetting
SYNC I/O to factory defaults (see “Restoring
Factory Settings” on page 64).
Oscillator Resolution and Stability
SYNC I/O calibration units are in 1/64th of a
sample period. What this means is that
SYNC I/O can theoretically be calibrated to
about 1/3 of a ppm. The unit will maintain calibration across a wide range in temperature.
Long-term drift should be less than 1 ppm per
year due to aging of the crystal. To put this in
perspective, most digital audio products are accurate to within 20 to 50 ppm and drift with
temperature. SYNC I/O’s accuracy is possible because it contains a low-jitter, high-stability temperature controlled crystal oscillator.
Warm Up SYNC I/O Before Recalibrating
Before you begin the calibration procedure,
power on SYNC I/O and allow it to warm up for
at least five minutes. The temperature of the
room (or chassis) isn’t critical during the calibration procedure. However, if you need better
than 3 ppm accuracy, it is recommended that
you allow SYNC I/O to warm up for at least 30
minutes and that the chassis be at normal operating temperature.
The original Oscillator Calibration value is
printed on the factory sticker, on the SYNC I/O
bottom panel.
To restore the SYNC I/O oscillator calibration to
its factory setting:
1 Press Set, then press Up until Video System
(VIdEo SY) is displayed in the LED readout.
2 With the LED Time Code Display showing
VIdEo SY, press and hold the Up switch. While
you continue to hold that switch, press the
Clock Reference switch momentarily, and then
release both switches. The LED Time Code Display will read:
3 Press Set again. The LED Time Code Display
shows the current parameter value, which
shows a sample rate frequency deviation from
–0999 to 0999.
4 Take note of the Oscillator Calibration value
printed on the factory sticker, on the SYNC I/O
bottom panel.
5 Use the Down and Up switches to scroll
through the parameter values.
Chapter 5: Additional Operational Information
63
6 When you reach a value that matches the
sticker’s value, stop scrolling and press Set. The
LED Time Code Display will return to showing
time code numbers. Your SYNC I/O is now properly calibrated.
The next time you press Set, the LED Time Code
Display will again show O5C CAL. If you then
press the Down switch, you’ll disengage the Oscillator Calibration parameter name. To change
the setting once again, you’ll need to repeat
steps 1 through 6.
Restoring Factory Settings
Factory Default Settings
The following table lists the default settings of
each parameter.
SYNC I/O Defaults
Parameter Name
Set Generator Start Time
Default
00:00:00:00
Digital Reference
AES/EBU
Sample Freq (Rate)
44.1 kHz
VITC Insertion
On
Pull Rates
Off
Base Clock
Session (1x Word)
(VITC) Reader Line
All
SYNC I/O can be reset to its default factory settings.
(VITC) Generate Line
14–16
Window Burn On/Off
On (Enabled)
To reset all parameters to default settings:
Freewheel Duration
8 frames
1 Switch off power to SYNC I/O and wait at least
LTC Output gain
3 dBu
10 seconds.
Servo gain
–001
Pitch Hold
Off
2 Hold down the Up and Down front panel
switches and turn on power to SYNC I/O. Do not
release the Up and Down switches until the display reads FAC-CFG.
Resetting factory settings does not reset the
SYNC I/O oscillator. See “Calibrating the
SYNC I/O Oscillator” on page 63 for information.
Bi-Phase Pulse-per-frame
Bi-Phase Signal
Video System/Format
Idle MTC Enabled
Window Burn options:
0100
A Lead B
NTSC
On
Enabled
Size: Large
Vertical Position: 20%
from Bottom
Horizontal Position: Center
Color: White on Black
background
Variable Speed Offset
(VSO)
64
SYNC I/O Guide
Off
Managing and Selecting Video
Inputs
SYNC I/O has two independent video inputs, referred to as “Video In” and “Video Ref” on the
SYNC I/O rear panel. These let you use one of
the video inputs as a Clock Reference (the resolver sample clock master reference) and use
the other input for working with VITC time
code and the character generator (window dub).
If you have just a single video source, SYNC I/O
provides a very simple method for connecting
your single video source to both of the video inputs. See “Using Video Inputs with VITC and
the Character Generator” on page 65.
In a typical video setup, you will supply a reference video signal (black burst or color bars) to
your VCR and to the SYNC I/O Video Ref input.
You will then connect the VCR's video output to
the SYNC I/O Video In port. Finally, the
SYNC I/O Video Out will be fed to your picture
monitor and/or another VCR.
Using Video Inputs with VITC and the Character
Generator
Unlike selecting a video input to use for Clock
Reference, input selection for VITC and character generator functions follows a simple rule.
This rule is explained in the following sections
and in Figure 1 on page 66.
Video Ref If the Clock Reference is one of the
two video inputs, and the Positional Reference is
Generate, then VITC and character generator
functions are applied to the video arriving at the
Video Ref input connector. This helps you avoid
re-patching video cables whenever you want to
stripe a videotape with your reference blackburst or color bars, along with internally generated time addresses for VITC (and/or LTC,
and/or CG dub window). In Figure 1 on
page 66, this scenario is identical to “Route A.”
Video In For all other combinations of Clock
Reference and Positional Reference, VITC and
character generator functions are applied to the
video signal arriving at the Video In connector.
In this way, SYNC I/O can read VITC from your
videotape, or add VITC with or without character generation (window burn) while dubbing to
a second VCR. In Figure 1 on page 66, this scenario is identical to “Route B.”
To understand why these rules exist, let us examine how the circuitry works within SYNC I/O
(see Figure 1 on page 66):
The clock reference (labelled Sample Clock Resolver Circuit in Figure 1 on page 66) is selectable at all times. You can decide which input
signal to use to generate the digital clock signal.
However, when the clock reference is set to
Video, the positional (time code) reference circuitry (labelled Time Code and Window Dub
Circuit in the illustration) is not switchable.
This is because the positional (time code) reference circuitry is always used to derive time code,
whether SYNC I/O is reading incoming time
code or generating new time code. Even in Generate mode, SYNC I/O needs to use this circuitry
to detect the frame edge of the video in order to
generate time code.
Chapter 5: Additional Operational Information
65
A
B
Time Code and
Window Dubbing
Circuit
Video Output
Video Routing
Video routing is automatically switched within the
Universal Slave Driver, according to the Positional Reference
and Clock Reference settings:
• Route A — Positional Reference = Generate;
Clock Reference = Video Ref In or Video In
Video Ref In
• Route B — Any other combination of Positional Reference
and Clock Reference settings
Video In
LTC
AES/EBU
Word Clock
Super Clock
Pilot Tone
Bi-phase/Tach
Sample Clock
Resolver Circuit
Clock Reference
Setting
Figure 1. Video Input Flow diagram
66
SYNC I/O Guide
Word Clock Output
Super Clock Output
AES/EBU Output
appendix a
Additional Synchronization Information
Video and VITC Signals
Black Burst and House Video Reference
A black burst signal is essentially a “positionless” video signal. As with any “shared” video
signal, you’ll want to ensure that your video
feed comes from a properly buffered and distributed source, such as a video distribution amplifier, or the house video reference/black burst
output of another device in the chain.
Resolving to video instead of house video
reference (black burst)
There are several reasons why you would resolve
SYNC I/O to a video signal rather than house
synchronization.
When House Video Reference is Unavailable Resolve to a video signal whenever you are synchronizing Pro Tools (or other device) to video,
and you either:
• Do not have a house video reference.
– or –
• Your setup includes equipment that lacks
house video reference input and synchronization capability (including consumer grade
VCR, or some entry-level PC-based editing
systems).
Simple Setups In a modest setting with one or
two VTRs, Pro Tools, and SYNC I/O, using the
video signal as the clock reference is often satisfactory. In these situations, proper synchronization can be achieved using the video signal as
clock reference.
Why VITC is Unavailable for Clock Reference
VITC itself does not provide clock information
directly as part of its time code information,
only positional information. However, since
VITC is always embedded into a video signal,
that video signal can be used as a clock reference
by selecting Video Input as the clock reference
(or Video Ref In if your facility has a house video
reference).
VITC Timing Rule
The following rule is in effect whenever you are
generating or regenerating VITC.
Inserted VITC should be monotonic, regardless of whether it is being regenerated or generated.
◆
By monotonic, it is meant that the VITC should
be smoothly ascending or descending, with no
repeated or skipped frame addresses. In order to
achieve monotonicity, the external positional
reference (while regenerating) or the clock
source (in Generator Preset Mode) must be synchronous with the video signal onto which the
VITC is being inserted.
Appendix A: Additional Synchronization Information
67
Example of VITC Timing Rule
Working with Analog Machines
As an example, if you are using LTC as a positional reference from a 3/4-inch U-Matic VTR,
then that VTR should be referenced to the same
video signal that you are applying to SYNC I/O.
As another example, in Generator Preset Mode
(Positional Reference = Generate), a clock reference of Internal is not a good choice, simply because the SYNC I/O internal crystal runs asynchronously with respect to the supplied video
signal, and thus repeated or skipped frame addresses are sure to eventually occur.
It is good practice on a 24-track analog tape machine to record time code on Track 24 at a reference level of –10 dBu (or lower), with Track 23
left blank as a “guard” track. This practice avoids
crosstalk “bleed” that can occur between the
time code track and otherwise adjacent audio
tracks. Time code (which is a mid-frequency alternating pitch square wave) is very sensitive to
crosstalk from adjacent tracks, and conversely
you don’t want audible time code leaking onto
your audio tracks.
LTC Signals
If your ATR is under the control of a synchronizer, you must make sure that the synchronizer
and SYNC I/O are both locked to the same reference source (such as, typically, from a video
black burst generator.)
Because it’s an analog audio signal, LTC can
sometimes be susceptible to either tape dropouts (tape shedding), or to level mismatches between the LTC source and the LTC input. The
SYNC I/O freewheeling feature allows you to
compensate for brief time code dropouts. However, if you have serious dropouts, you may not
be able to sustain accurate synchronization.
If you plan to use LTC as a clock reference
(whether or not you are also using it as a positional reference), you will need to ensure that
your LTC is recorded at as high a level as possible without distortion, and that there are no
dropouts longer than 1/80th of a frame.
SYNC I/O reads LTC most reliably when fed
with a LTC signal of at least –12 dBu (and preferably 0 dBu to +3 dBu.)
LTC Servo Gain
You can adjust the servo gain of the SYNC I/O
LTC input using the front panel controls. See
“Servo Gain” on page 60 for more information.
68
SYNC I/O Guide
Auto-Switch LTC/VITC
Auto-Switch LTC/VITC lets SYNC I/O automatically select between these two (time code)
sources.
LTC and VITC both provide useful and unique
capabilities. For instance, it is impossible to read
LTC off a paused videotape. Consequently, using only LTC, there’s no way you can use Pro
Tools to perform Auto-Spotting of regions when
the tape is paused. However, VITC continues to
be read as long as the picture remains visible, so
it can be used as a positional reference when the
VTR is paused. On the other hand, VITC cannot
be read at fast winding speeds (except by broadcast-quality VTRs); LTC can be read at fast winding speeds, as long as its signal remains within
the high-end frequency response of the ATR or
VTR.
Examples of Auto-Switch LTC/VITC
AES/EBU
SYNC I/O will switch to LTC for positional reference during hi-speed searching and cueing,
for example, or whenever the tape speed is too
high to read VITC.
Some professional digital audio products use
AES/EBU “null clock” (which is an AES/EBU data
stream that contains only clock information
only and no audio information) as a system
clock reference source. These systems rely upon
a single AES/EBU master clock source that is distributed throughout a digital audio facility, in
much the same way that house synchronization
is distributed throughout a video facility. If you
are connecting SYNC I/O to such a system, you
will want to use the SYNC I/O AES/EBU input as
the clock reference connection, so that all system components are referenced to the same
time base. (Note that AES/EBU does not support
176.4 kHz and 192 kHz sample rates.)
◆
SYNC I/O will switch to VITC if LTC stops or
is unavailable. This will include, for example, if
a tape is paused or parked.
◆
If both LTC and VITC are available, SYNC I/O
chooses which one to use based on the speed of
playback. The switch-over point is approximately 75% of full 1x playback speed. Above
75% playback speed, LTC is favored; below 75%
speed, VITC is favored.
◆
If a dropout occurs, SYNC I/O waits until the
freewheel duration has expired before attempting to switch over to the opposite source. If neither source is available, SYNC I/O will stop reading time code.
Digital Clock Signal Types
A reference clock signal is part of any digital recording system. It is required because whenever
digital audio information is mixed together or
passed between devices, the playback samples
must be aligned with the recording samples. In
some cases (such as with AES/EBU or S/PDIF digital interfaces), the clock signal is embedded in
the data stream itself. In other cases, such as
SDIF, the clock signal is carried as an entirely
separate signal from the digital audio sample
data.
SYNC I/O is able to resolve to AES/EBU and
Word Clock.
In some cases (such as using SYNC I/O as a
stand-alone clock resolver or time code generator without a digital audio workstation), you
may wish to use an audio DAT machine (or
other similar device) as a source of AES/EBU null
clock, and resolve your system to this reference
source. In this case, the audio sample data in the
AES/EBU data stream is stripped off, and only
the clock information is used.
Word Clock
Many professional digital audio products—including open-reel multitrack tape recorders, digital mixing consoles, and the Tascam DA-88
modular digital multitrack—have Word Clock
(1x sample rate) connectors.
Word Clock allows the DA-88 (and other Word
Clock-compatible devices) to send or receive external clock information which controls the
sample rate, which in turn (where applicable)
controls the play and record speed.
Appendix A: Additional Synchronization Information
69
Using just Word Clock, it is possible to create a
“chain” of digital devices in your studio by picking one source as the Word Clock master, and
configuring other sources as Word Clock slaves.
Bi-Phase/Tach
Bi-Phase and Tach are used with mag machine,16, 35, and 70 mm projectors, flatbed editing systems and other types of motor-driven
film equipment. Bi-Phase (sometimes called
Quadrature Sync) and Tach information are
similar, though they do differ.
Strictly speaking, Bi-Phase/Tach signals are clock
reference signals, and do not contain positional
information of their own. However, they do
contain enough information for SYNC I/O to
calculate positional information.
Bi-Phase/Tach signals use two square waves to
generate pulses that can function as a clock reference. The two square waves are 90° out-ofphase, in a pattern that resembles this:
Square Wave A
Square Wave B
Bi-Phase A Bi-Phase signal consists of two square
waves, which are generated directly by a device’s
transport mechanism, and which are 90° out-ofphase with one another. As a Bi-Phase-generating device plays it outputs a steady stream of
square waves that SYNC I/O can use as its clock
reference, at nearly any speed including
still/paused.
SYNC I/O uses the phase relationship between
the two square waves to determine the device’s
direction (forward or reverse). However, this is
relevant only when SYNC I/O is using the BiPhase signal as a positional reference.
Tach A Tach signal is a variation of Bi-Phase.
With Tach’s two signals, one is used only as the
direction indicator, while the other is used as
the velocity, or rate indicator. SYNC I/O uses
this rate signal when resolving to Tach as a clock
reference.
There are several different standards for the
number of pulses-per-frame for Bi-Phase or Tach
devices. Using SYNC I/O Setup software utility’s
Pulse Per Frame setting, you can set SYNC I/O to
match the PPF rate of the external device’s BiPhase/Tach encoder.
70
SYNC I/O Guide
Illustration of Bi-Phase/Tach signals
With a Bi-Phase signal, SYNC I/O can deduce
the direction (forward or reverse) of the signal
based upon which wave is read “high” relative
to the other. For instance, with some film equipment, when the device is running forward, it
will generate a Bi-Phase signal where the “A”
wave leads the “B” wave—that is, where the A
wave peaks before the B wave peaks. When the
device is in reverse, the B wave will lead the A
wave.
However, some film equipment works in the opposite manner, which is why the SYNC I/O Input Signals option lets you make the appropriate
selection (Fwd = A leads B, or Fwd = B leads A).
Calculating the direction of a Tach signal is
slightly different. As you may recall, Tach also
uses two signals. The “A” signal is a square wave
that provides clock information; the “B” signal
is in a steady state (high or low) that indicates
the direction. Unfortunately, not all Tach-generating equipment uses the B signal in the same
way. Fortunately, the SYNC I/O Input Signals
options allows you to choose the appropriate
method (Tach: Fwd = B is Low, or Tach: Fwd = B
is High).
This explains how SYNC I/O can use a BiPhase/Tach signal to deduce the direction, and
how it also uses the signal as a clock reference—
as long as SYNC I/O is told the starting frame of
the first clock signal.
Pilot Tone
SYNC I/O can resolve to an external Pilot Tone
signal for synchronizing to (or transferring audio from) certain types of open-reel audio tape
recorders.
In general, Pilot Tone is a sine wave reference
signal running at the “line frequency” or “mains
frequency,” meaning the same frequency transmitted by the AC line voltage from the local
power utility.
Pilot Tone is used on location film shoots to establish a common synchronization reference
between a film or video camera with a portable
1/4-inch analog ATR (such as those made by Nagra or Stellavox). On location, Pilot Tone is derived by clock referencing the camera to the local AC line frequency (which is 60 Hz or 50 Hz
depending on the country of origin), and this
same frequency is then used to clock-reference
the ATR. The result is that both the camera and
the ATR will run at the same speed.
You can think of Pilot Tone as a kind of inexpensive and readily available “house sync” for
location production. Increasingly, it’s being replaced by time code, since new-generation film
cameras as well as many portable DAT recorders
are time code-capable.
Please note that Pilot Tone contains no positional information; it is simply a clock reference. Most 1/4-inch machines have a center
track for time code or pilot.
Appendix A: Additional Synchronization Information
71
72
SYNC I/O Guide
appendix b
Technical Specifications
General
Nominal Sample Rates
Sample Rate
Pull Up/Down
44100
48000
88200
96000
176400
192000
+4.1667%
and +0.1%
45983
50050
91967
100100
n/a
n/a
+4.1667%
45938
50000
91875
100000
n/a
n/a
+4.1667%
and –0.1%
45892
49950
91783
99900
n/a
n/a
+0.1%
44144
48048
88288
96096
176576
192192
–0.1%
44056
47952
88112
95904
176224
191808
–4.0% and
+0.1%
42378
46126
84757
92252
n/a
n/a
–4.0%
42336
46080
84672
92160
n/a
n/a
–4.0% and
–0.1%
42294
46034
84587
92068
n/a
n/a
Appendix B: Technical Specifications
73
General
Frame Rates
30 fps
30 fps drop-frame
29.97 fps
29.97 fps drop-frame
25 fps
24 fps
23.976 fps
Variable Speed Override
Burn-in Window
Dimensions
74
±699 cents (±58.25%)
Aging:
±2 ppm/year typical
Position:
5 horizontal and vertical positions
Size:
Large and small text
Color:
Black or white text on white or black
background or keyed
Height:
1RU/1.75” (4.45 cm)
Width:
19.0” (48.26 cm)
Depth:
10.5” (26.67 cm)
Weight
5.0 lbs (2.27 kg)
Vibration Resistance
5 mm displacement, 10 to 55 Hz, each axis
SYNC I/O Guide
General
Shock
5 G max
Operating Temperature
32 to 131 degrees F (0 to 55 degrees C)
Storage Temperature
-40 to 176 degrees F (-40 to 80 degrees C)
Relative Humidity
0 to 95%, non-condensing
Power Requirements
Voltage:
85 to 264 VAC
Frequency:
47 to 63 Hz autoswitching
Wattage:
9.5 W typical, 30 W maximum
Connector:
3-pin, AC and ground (IEC
950:320;3.2.4)
Agency Compliance
Meets FCC Part 15 Class A limits, CD EN 55022A, CE EN 60950,
CE EN 55081:1, UL 1419 and CSA 22.2
Appendix B: Technical Specifications
75
Rear Panel Connectors
Connector
Specifications
LTC In
Format:
SMPTE/EBU 80-bit longitudinal, drop frame/non-drop
frame
Connector:
3-pin XLR female per IEC 268-12
Speed Range:
1/30 to 80X play speed, forward or backward
Level:
–24 dBu to +9 dBu, differential (pin 2 hot)
Impedance:
200K ohms
Format:
SMPTE/EBU 80-bit longitudinal, drop frame/non-drop
frame
Connector:
3-pin XLR male per IEC 268-12
Speed Range:
±10% of play speed
Level:
–24 dBu thru +9 dBu RMS, differential (pin 2 hot)
Level Default:
0 dBu RMS, 1.52V p-p ±10mV
Output Impedance:
5K ohms
Load Impedance (minimum):
100 ohms
Rise/Fall Time:
42us ± 1us measured between 10% and 90% p-p
S/N Ratio:
–60 dB RMS at 0 dBu level
Format
NTSC or PAL composite video
Level:
1V p-p
Termination:
75 ohms
LTC Out
Video (Main) In
76
SYNC I/O Guide
Rear Panel Connectors
Connector
Specifications
Video (Main) Out
Level:
1V p-p
Source Impedance:
75 ohms
Format
SMPTE 90-bit, drop frame/non-drop frame
Line Range:
10 to 40 (all-line mode), 10 to 22 (single-line mode)
Format:
SMPTE 90-bit, drop frame/non-drop frame
Line Range:
Two lines, 10 to 20
Format:
NTSC or PAL composite video
Level:
1V p-p
Termination:
100K ohms
Level:
1V p-p
Termination:
100K ohms
Description:
Passive loop-thru of Video Ref in
Level:
5 V p-p at 110 ohms (pin 2 hot)
Connector:
3-pin XLR female per IEC 268-12
Level:
5 V p-p at 110 ohms (pin 2 hot)
Connector:
3-pin XLR male per IEC 268-12
(VITC In)
(VITC Out)
Video (Ref) In
Video (Ref) Out
AES/EBU In
AES/EBU Out
Appendix B: Technical Specifications
77
Rear Panel Connectors
Connector
Specifications
Word Clock In
Level:
0 to .5 V (low), 2.0 to 6.0 V (high)
Connector:
BNC Female
Level:
TTL (3.3 V typical)
Connector:
BNC Female
Level
0 to .5 V (low), 2.0 to 6.0 V (high)
Connector
BNC Female
Level
TTL (3.3 V typical)
Connector
BNC Female
Bi-phase/Tach/
GPI/Pilot
Connector:
25-pin D-subminiature female (DB25)
(Bi-phase/Tach In)
Frequency Range:
0 to 76.8 KHz
Level:
4.5 to 12V, opto-isolated
Current:
10 mA max
Polarity (bi-phase):
Both inputs are software programmable
Polarity (tach):
“Direction” polarity is software programmable
Modulo Range:
2 thru 254
Word Clock Out
Loop Sync In
Loop Sync Out
78
SYNC I/O Guide
Rear Panel Connectors
Connector
Specifications
(Pilot In)
Level:
100 mV to 5.5 V p-p, differential
Frequency Range:
50/60 Hz nominal
Impedance:
200K ohms
Description:
Four opto-isolator inputs/returns
Level:
4.5 to 5.5 V
Current:
10 mA max
Frequency:
Frame-rate max
Latency:
Half frame max
Description:
Two TTL-level outputs
Level:
TTL (3.3 V typical)
Current:
15 mA
Frequency:
Frame-rate max
Latency:
Half-frame max
Description:
Four pairs of SPST contacts, normally open
Load (while switching):
.5 A max at 200 VDC
Load (continuous):
1.5 A max at 200 VDC
Operate/Release Time:
1 ms
Repetition Rate:
Frame-rate max
Latency:
Half frame max
(GPI In)
(GPI Out (TTL))
(GPI (Relay))
Appendix B: Technical Specifications
79
Rear Panel Connectors
Connector
Specifications
MIDI Time Code
(MTC) Out
Current Rating:
15 mA current loop
Rate:
31.25 Kilobaud
Connector:
5-pin DIN female
Cable Length:
50 feet (15 meters) max
Format:
Apple Macintosh-compatible serial printer port
Connector:
8-pin mini DIN female
Cable Length:
50 feet (15 meters) max
Host Serial
80
SYNC I/O Guide
appendix c
Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
LTC
The SYNC I/O LTC In and LTC Out connectors
are balanced XLRs with Pin 2 wired “+” or “hot,”
Pin 3 wired “–” or “cold,” and Pin 1 wired to
ground (shield). Depending on whether you are
connecting a balanced or unbalanced signal to
these connectors, different wiring configurations are recommended for optimum signal integrity, especially for long cable runs.
If you are connecting a balanced signal to the
SYNC I/O LTC In or LTC Out connectors:
Refer to the following illustration for the correct
wiring diagrams.
Balanced to Balanced Connection
LTC Out
Connector
1
Device
+
-
2
N.C.
GND
3
LTC In
Connector
Device
+
-
2
1
GND
3
• Pin 1 and ground should be connected at the
input only (not at the output). This will prevent ground loops between the shield and the
Pin 1 conductor.
Balanced to Unbalanced Connection
LTC Out
Connector
If you are connecting an unbalanced signal to the
SYNC I/O LTC In or LTC Out connectors:
1
Device
+
2
GND
• Connect only Pin 2 to the “+” signal;
• Connect Pin 1 to ground at all inputs and outputs.
3
LTC In
Connector
Device
+
1
2
GND
3
Wiring diagrams for the SYNC I/O LTC In and LTC Out
connectors
Appendix C: Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
81
Bi-Phase/GPI/Pilot
VCC_P15V
VR1
8
VOUT
NC
GND1
GND2
NC
GND3
GND4
1
1
4
2
3
2
0.1UF
1.0UF
V.REG,78L12ACM,+12V,0.1A,S0-8
480508807-00
SOL8
Biphase/GPI/Pilot
GND
12V_OUT
J3
27
BIPHA_I
13
25
12
24
11
23
10
22
9
21
8
20
7
19
6
18
5
17
4
16
3
15
2
14
1
BIPHB_I
GPIN3
OPTRETURN
RET3
GPOUT3_B
GPIN2
GPOUT3_A
RET2
GPOUT2_B
GPIN1
GPOUT2_A
RET1
GPOUT1_B
GPIN0
GPOUT1_A
RET0
GPOUT0_B
PILOT_IN+
GPOUT0_A
PILOT_INGPOUT1
GPOUT0
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=8
XREF=9
XREF=8
XREF=9
XREF=9
26
DB25F_RA
GND_C
Bi-Phase/GPI/Pilot
82
SYNC I/O Guide
3
C4
C3
5
7
6
VIN
5V
FB33
DSS306_55Y271M
FILTER_EMI
270101433
L_3P
GND_C
Bi-phase/Tach OptoCoupler Input
GND_C
5V
R49
1K
R79
1K
7
U6
XREF=9
BIPHA_I
R47
3
-
8
VCC
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
C27
BIPHA
6
EN
+
2
634
GND
5
0.1UF
GND
5V
R77
1K
7
U5
XREF=9
XREF=9
BIPHB_I
OPTRETURN
R46
634
XREF=13
2
3
8
EN
+
VCC
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
C25
6
GND
BIPHB
XREF=13
5
0.1UF
GND
Bi-phase/Tach
Appendix C: Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
83
GPI Relay Outputs
K4
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPOUT3_A
GPOUT3_E2
1
3
7
5
RELAY
RLY_SIP4_DG1A_BW
GPOUT3_B
XREF=9
GND
K3
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPOUT2_A
GPOUT2_E2
1
3
7
5
RELAY
RLY_SIP4_DG1A_BW
GPOUT2_B
XREF=9
GND
K2
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPOUT1_A
GPOUT1_E2
1
3
7
5
RELAY
RLY_SIP4_DG1A_BW
GPOUT1_B
XREF=9
GND
K1
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPOUT0_A
GPOUT0_E2
1
3
7
5
RELAY
RLY_SIP4_DG1A_BW
GPI Relay Output
84
SYNC I/O Guide
GPOUT0_B
GND
XREF=9
XREF=13
XREF=13
XREF=4
XREF=13
XREF=13
XREF=13
XREF=13
GND
5V
GPOUT1_O
GPOUT0_O
MIDI_OUT
GPOUT3_E
GPOUT2_E
GPOUT1_E
GPOUT0_E
20
1
19
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
GND
Y7
Y6
Y5
Y4
Y3
Y2
Y1
Y0
C85
326904606
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
0.1UF
74FCT2541_SL
VCC
OE1
OE2
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
U26
GND
NC
GPOUT3_E2
GPOUT2_E2
GPOUT1_E2
GPOUT0_E2
GND
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
XREF=9
221R
GND
221R
R119
221R
R121
R4
1
1
2
2
3
3
GND_C
FB29
DSS306_55Y271M
FILTER_EMI
270101433
L_3P
GND_C
FB21
DSS306_55Y271M
FILTER_EMI
270101433
L_3P
NC
NC
J10
GPOUT0
1
XREF=9
2
DIN5F_DIN5
DIN_5F_PIN
210401223
DIN5
GND_C
6
1
3
5
MTC OUT
3
GND_C
2
GPOUT1
GND_C
1
FB30
DSS306_55Y271M
FILTER_EMI
270101433
L_3P
7
2
4
XREF=9
GND_C
FB20
DSS306_55Y271M
FILTER_EMI
270101433
L_3P
3
R3
221R
5V
GPI (TTL)/MTC Outputs
C87
220PF
C86
220PF
GPI TTL/MTC Output
Appendix C: Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
85
GPI (opto) Inputs
5V
R56
1K
1K
R88
7
U11
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPIN3
R55
392
2
RET3
3
8
6
EN
+
-
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
VCC
C36
GND
GPIN3_I
XREF=2
5
0.1UF
5V
R87
1K
GND
7
U10
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPIN2
R54
392
2
RET2
3
8
6
EN
+
-
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
VCC
C35
GND
GPIN2_I
XREF=2
5
0.1UF
5V
R86
1K
GND
7
U9
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPIN1
R53
2
392
RET1
3
8
EN
+
-
6
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
VCC
C34
GND
GPIN1_I
XREF=2
5
0.1UF
5V
R85
1K
GND
7
U8
XREF=9
XREF=9
GPIN0
RET0
R52
392
2
3
8
VCC
6
EN
+
6N137_DP
IC, OPTOCOUPLER
320003987
DIP8
C33
GND
GPIN0_I
5
0.1UF
GND
GPI (opto) Input
86
SYNC I/O Guide
XREF=2
Connector Pin Assignments
Connector Pin Assignments
Mac Serial
Port
Pin #
Name
Description
Mac Connection
1
NC
No connection
Pin 2 (HSKiB)
2
RTS_IN
Request To Send (input to USD)
Pin 1 (HSKoB)
3
RX_OUT
Transmitted data (output from USD)
Pin 5 input (RXDB–)
4
GND
Chassis ground
Ground
5
TX_IN
Received data (input to USD)
Pin 3 output
(TXDB–)
6
GND
Chassis ground
Pin 8 input (RXDB+)
7
CTS_OUT
Clear To Send (output from USD)
Pin 7 input (GPiB)
8
NC
No connection
Pin 6 (TXDB+)
GND
Chassis ground
Ground
Shell
Bi-phase/Tach/GPI/Pilot Port (Accessory Port)
Pin #
Name
Description
1
GPOUT0
GPI TTL-level output 0
2
GPOUT1
GPI TTL-level output 1
3
GPOUT0_A
GPI Relay 0, contact A
4
GPOUT0_B
GPI Relay 0, contact B
5
GPOUT1_A
GPI Relay 1, contact A
6
GPOUT1_B
GPI Relay 1, contact B
7
GPOUT2_A
GPI Relay 2, contact A
Appendix C: Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
87
Connector Pin Assignments
88
8
GPOUT2_B
GPI Relay 2, contact B
9
GPOUT3_A
GPI Relay 3, contact A
10
GPOUT3_B
GPI Relay 3, contact B
11
OPTRETURN
Return from Bi-phase/Tach opto-isolators
12
BIPHB_I
Input to Bi-phase/Tach opto-isolator B
13
BIPHA_I
Input to Bi-phase/Tach opto-isolator A
14
GND
Chassis ground
15
PILOT_IN–
Pilot tone input, negative
16
PILOT_IN+
Pilot tone input, positive
17
RET0
Return from GPI opto-isolator “0”
18
GPIN0
Input to GPI opto-isolator “0”
19
RET1
Return from GPI opto-isolator “1”
20
GPIN1
Input to GPI opto-isolator “1”
21
RET2
Return from GPI opto-isolator “2”
22
GPIN2
Input to GPI opto-isolator “2”
23
RET3
Return from GPI opto-isolator “3”
24
GPIN3
Input to GPI opto-isolator “3”
25
VDD
+12V DC
Shell
GND
Connected to chassis ground
SYNC I/O Guide
SYNC I/O Serial Cable Pin
Assignments
Bi-phase/Tach/GPI/Pilot Port
Interfacing Notes
(Macintosh)
◆
The following table shows the pin assignments
for DigiSerial Macintosh.
DigiSerial for Macintosh
Mini DIN 8-pin Male to Mini
DIN 8-pin Male
The six opto-isolators are 6N137 devices. The
four GPI input ports pass through 390 ohm series resistors to the cathode. The two BiPhase/Tach inputs pass through 634 ohm series
resistors to the cathode.
1
2
The two TTL-level GPI outputs are driven by a
74FCT541. Each output passes through a 220
ohm series resistor.
2
1
◆
3
5
4
4
5
3
6
8
7
7
8
6
◆
12 volts is supplied at the connector for the
purpose of driving the opto-isolators in film
tach applications. It is regulated and can supply
up to 100mA.
For Tach, the “rate” input is “BIPHA_I” and
the “direction” input is “BIPHB_I.” The polarity
of “BIPHB_I” is software programmable and defaults to “low” for “forward.”
◆
For Bi-phase, the default polarity relationship
between A and B is software programmable. The
default setting for “forward” is “A leads B.” This
means that the rising edge of A (0˚ phase) must
precede the rising edge of B (90˚ phase).
◆
(Windows)
The following table shows the pin assignments
needed for a SYNC I/O-to-COM cable, to support SYNC I/O Setup software utility on a Windows computer.
For highest signal quality, use a 25-pin cable
with individually shielded conductors.
◆
Host Serial for Windows
Mini DIN 8-pin Male to 9-pin
D-Sub Female
2
7
3
2
4
5
5
3
7
8
Shell
Shell
1, 6, 8 none
1, 4, 6, 9
none
Appendix C: Wiring Diagrams and Pin Assignments
89
GPI Relay Wiring for Fader-Start
GPI TTL WIring
The Universal Slave Driver provides a total of
four Relay-level GPI outputs on pins 3/4, 3-10 of
the DB25 connector (see the circuit diagram GPI
(TTL)/MTC Outputs).
The circuit can drive approximately 2 mA
through a load of 1.6K and maintain a logic
high level of 3.3V. In an application where the
equipment being controlled has more demanding power requirements, an external buffer or
relay circuit mst be used. This would typically be
constructed as part of a custom electrical interface.
The GPI Relay outputs are intended to drive Relay loads only.
GPI Triggers
GPI output signals information:
Each GPI TTL output is fully short-circuit protected via a 220-ohm series resistor.
0 (relay) = Play
1 (relay) = Record Ready
2 (relay) = fader start #1
3 (relay) = fader start #2
4 (TTL) = Stop
5 (TTL) = Record
Logical GPI numbers 0 through 3 are associated
with GPI relay outputs 0 through 3 (pins 3
through 10). GPI numbers 4 and 5 are associated
with GPI TTL outputs 0 and 1 (pins 1 and 2).
90
SYNC I/O Guide
Before attempting to wire any type of custom interface, always check the electrical specifications
provided by the equipment manufacturer, including voltage levels, current, loading and polarity. Incorrect wiring may damage your equipment, your SYNC I/O or cause personal injury.
index
Numerics
C
14/16 VITC line pair 51
1x 69
256x Slave Clock 10
9-pin 18
MachineControl serial time code 37
Port 1 and 2 28
character generation (see Window Dub)
clock reference 15
and clock source 15
choosing digital source 37
front panel switch 23
LEDs 23
SYNC I/O Setup 29
Clock Source 15
Color, for window dub 54
Connected to SYNC I/O 29
A
absolute time code (and LTC) 42
AC Power In 28
AES/EBU
choosing as clock reference 37
connecting 12
In 27
Out 27
Auto ID 14
Auto Switch 44
and freewheel duration 69
B
back panel 26
base clock
external clock output 58
Bi-Phase/Tach 26, 45, 70
controls in SYNC I/O Setup 31
for mag, flatbed, projectors 40
front panel display of 61
GPI Relay Outputs diagram 84
GPI/Pilot pin assignments 87
input wiring diagram 82, 83
positional reference 45
technical signal information 70
black burst 11
house video reference 26
black burst (house video reference) 36
BNC 38
back panel 26
D
DASH 38
DAT signals 69
DF
drop and non-drop 25
front panel LED 25
digital
AES/EBU, Word, Super 69
clock reference front panel 58
clock, setting 37
Down switch 35
drop outs
and auto-switch LTC/VITC 69
and time code freewheel 43
LTC tips 68
E
emulation
of 9-pin deck 11
of 9-pin deck via Remote mode 11
external clock out 58
Index
91
F
I
factory defaults, reset 64
fader start
and GPI wiring 90
overview of 62
using 62
wiring instructions 90
Feet+Frame Rate 17
fields (odd/even) indication 29
firmware
updating 19
flatbed and Bi-Phase/Tach 40
fps 29
frame edge 65
frame rate
front panel switch 25
SYNC I/O Setup 29
freewheel duration 30
and auto-switch LTC/VITC 69
front panel display of 59
front panel
Lockout mode 33
switches and displays 23
Idle MTC Enabled
front panel 53
in SYNC I/O Setup 53
installation
SYNC I/O and a CPU 7
internal clock 40
G
generate
time code gen/regen 47
Generator
Bi-phase Preset 31
controls for 35
Preset Mode 48
Reference Rule 48
Generator/Parameter Controls 35
GPI
and fader start 62
back panel connector 26
pinout 82
TTL wiring 90
GPI (opto) Inputs 85
H
help 5
Host Serial 26
house sync
connecting 11
92
Sync I/O Guide
L
LED Time Code Display 24
LEDs 24
legacy interfaces 9
Locked 16, 25
LED and troubleshooting 25
Locked Indicator 16
Loop Master 23
Loop Sync 14, 28
Auto ID 14
connecting 8
LTC 12
and clock reference 38
generation/regeneration 49
In (back panel) 27
LTC 1 (fastest) 39
LTC 2 (average) 39
LTC 3 (smoothest) 39
Out (back panel) 27
output level (SYNC I/O Setup) 30
output level/gain (front panel) 60
positional reference 42
servo gain 60
wiring diagrams 81
M
Mac Serial Port
pin-outs 87
MachineControl 18
mag and Bi-phase/Tach 70
monotonic VITC 67
MTC 53
and Idle MTC Output 30
burst mode 53
generation/regeneration 53
Out (back panel) 27
pinout 85
time code output 27
MTC Out 13
N
R
NTSC
about 30
or PAL, selecting 61
null clock 69
Read/Regeneration Mode 47
reference
clock, digital signal information 69
list of supported 2
regenerating time code 47
relays 62
Remote 9-Pin Deck Emulation mode
connections 11
Remote Mode
about 33
and SYNC I/O Setup 33
connections for 9-pin deck emulation 11
LED for 25
Remote-Only Mode 33
Resolver
Locked 29
Resolver Locked 29
RUN/STOP/CLEAR 35
O
operating 33
oscillator reset 63
P
PAL
about 30
and Pilot tone speed 39
or NTSC, selecting 61
phase
see Bi-phase 70
Pilot
back panel port 26
pinout 82
Tone speed 39
Tone, general 39
Pin 1, 2, 3 (LTC) 81
Pitch Memory 42
enabled (SYNC I/O Setup) 30
front panel (pitch hold) 60
Port Relinquished 29
positional reference 16
about 42
front panel LEDs 25
front panel switch 25
SYNC I/O Setup 29
Pro Tools|24 MIX
clock connections 9
Pull Down
actual rates 24
Pull Rate 29
Pull Up and generating 47
Pull Up and Pull Down
actual rates 24
Pulses Per Frame
configuring 40
front panel 61
Q
Quadrature Sync 70
S
sample rate 17
and pull up/down rates 24
and Speed Cal status display 25
front panel (sample frequency) 58
front panel LED displays 24
SECAM 30
use PAL 61
serial port 26
serial time code
and clock reference 37
special clock information 37
using for positional reference 45
Servo Gain 60
Slave Clock
256x clock information 38
Slave Clock (see SuperClock) 37
Slave Clock (SYNC I/O Setup) 29
Speed Cal 16
display in SYNC I/O Setup 29
front panel LED and troubleshooting 25
Speed Cal Indicator 16
Status
in SYNC I/O Setup 29
LEDs 25
Super Clock
choosing as clock reference 37
Index
93
SYNC I/O 1
checking status in SYNC I/O Setup 29
control options for 33
SYNC I/O Setup
overview 28
setting up 18
Status 29
time code display 29
window, features 19
wiring diagram for Windows 89
T
Tach
additional signal information 70
connector, back panel 26
technical support 5
time code
drop outs, freewheeling 43
generating/regenerating 47
MIDI (MTC output) 27
serial 37
SYNC I/O Setup display 29
Time Code Rate 17
TTL 85
wiring 90
U
Universal Slave Driver
front panel operation 23
Up switch 35
updating firmware 19
USD Emulation mode 34
User Sync
see base clock 29
V
Variable Speed Override (VSO) 31, 41
Vertical Position 54
video
connecting 11
format, SYNC I/O Setup 30
managing inputs 65
NTSC vs PAL, front panel 61
odd/even field, display of 29
Video In
back panel connector 27
Video Out 27
94
Sync I/O Guide
Video Ref
and terminator for 26
Video Ref In
connecting 11
Video Ref Out
back panel connector 26
Video Ref Thru
connecting 12
VITC
as positional reference 50
connector for positional reference 27
default line pair 51
Generate Lines (SYNC I/O Setup) 30
Generate Lines, front panel details 59
Insertion Enabled (SYNC I/O Setup) 30
Insertion, front panel details 58
monotonic 67
positional reference 43
Read Lines (SYNC I/O Setup) 30
Read Lines, defaults 30
Read Lines, front panel details 58
related settings for 44
timing rule 67
video source rule 50
VSO 31
VTR emulation (see also Remote 9-Pin Deck
Emulation) 11
W
window dub
front panel enable 59
generating 53
setting color 54
vertical position 54
wiring
SYNC I/O Setup for Windows 89
wiring diagrams 81
Word clock
1x clock 38
about 69
base clock output 58
choosing as clock reference 37
connecting 12
In connector 28
Out connector 28
www.digidesign.com 5