Raymarine SmartPilot SPX-SAL Setup guide

SmartPilot X-5R
Drive Installation &
Setup
Document reference: 87128-1
Date: December 2010
Autohelm, hsb2, RayTech Navigator, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk, SeaTalkNG, SeaTalkHS and Sportpilot are registered trademarks of Raymarine
UK Limited. RayTalk, Seahawk, Smartpilot, Pathfinder and Raymarine are registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited.
FLIR is a registered trademark of FLIR Systems, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks, trade names, or company names referenced herein are used for identification only and are the property of their
respective owners.
This product is protected by patents, design patents, patents pending, or design patents pending.
Copyright ©2010 Raymarine UK Ltd. All rights reserved.
i
Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................v
Safety notices .......................................................................................................... v
EMC Conformance .................................................................................................. v
Pressure washing .................................................................................................... v
Product documents .................................................................................................. v
Warranty ..................................................................................................................vi
Product disposal ......................................................................................................vi
Chapter 1:Installation and system overviews ................................................... 1
1.1 Installation overview ...................................................................................... 1
Planning ......................................................................................................... 1
Installing ......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Safe and successful installation ..................................................................... 1
Certified installation ........................................................................................ 1
Getting assistance .......................................................................................... 1
Product documents .................................................................................................. 2
Marine electronics systems ............................................................................ 2
1.3 Equipment & Tools ......................................................................................... 4
Parts supplied................................................................................................. 4
Tools and equipment NOT supplied ................................................................ 5
1.4 Create a schematic diagram .......................................................................... 5
Chapter 2:Installing the system ............................................................................. 7
2.1 Installation requirements ................................................................................ 7
EMC installation guidelines............................................................................. 7
Suppression ferrites.................................................................................... 7
Connections to other equipment................................................................. 8
Compass..................................................................................................... 8
2.2 General cabling guidelines ............................................................................. 8
Power cable requirement................................................................................ 8
2.3 SPX-5R Drive system Course Computer ....................................................... 9
Mounting ........................................................................................................ 9
Connection overview .....................................................................................11
2.4 Mounting the Drive ........................................................................................11
Step 1 – Remove the steering wheel ..............................................................11
Step 2 - Check wheel shaft size..................................................................... 12
Step 3 - Plan suitable mounting angle ........................................................... 13
Step 4– Prepare to fit torque restraint............................................................ 13
Step 5- Fit Drive unit...................................................................................... 16
Introduction ............................................................................................... 16
Fitting to 3/4 inch steering shaft................................................................ 17
Fitting to 1 inch steering shaft................................................................... 18
Drive cable routing........................................................................................ 19
2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course Computer .......................... 20
Power ........................................................................................................... 20
Circuit breaker/fuse................................................................................... 20
Cable ........................................................................................................ 20
Connection procedure .................................................................................. 20
2.6 Fluxgate Compass ....................................................................................... 21
Compass mounting....................................................................................... 21
Location .................................................................................................... 21
Mounting procedure.................................................................................. 22
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Compass connection .................................................................................... 22
2.7 Pilot Controller ............................................................................................. 23
Fitting ........................................................................................................ 23
Connect controller and SeaTalk bus ............................................................. 23
SeaTalk power connections...................................................................... 23
2.8 Connect to ground ....................................................................................... 25
2.9 Optional connections ................................................................................... 26
Rudder reference.......................................................................................... 26
SeaTalkng Connections................................................................................ 27
SeaTalkng power ...................................................................................... 27
See also .................................................................................................... 27
NMEA 0183 equipment................................................................................. 28
Data bridging ............................................................................................ 28
NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers’ equipment...................... 28
2.10Final checks ............................................................................................... 29
Secure all cables .......................................................................................... 29
2.11Commission the system before use ............................................................ 29
Chapter 3:Commissioning & Setup ..................................................................... 31
Requirement................................................................................................. 31
Power assisted steering................................................................................ 31
Rudder reference information ....................................................................... 31
3.1 Commissioning ............................................................................................ 32
Dockside checks & setup.............................................................................. 32
Step 1 - Switching on ................................................................................ 32
Step 2 - Check data connections .............................................................. 33
For details of supported NMEA sentences, see Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences ....................................................................................................... 33
Step 3 - Checking rudder bar operating sense ......................................... 33
Step 4 - Checking steering operating sense ............................................. 34
Step 4 - Dealer calibration settings ........................................................... 34
Align the rudder indicator .......................................................................... 36
Set the rudder limits .................................................................................. 36
Save the new settings............................................................................... 37
Seatrial calibration ........................................................................................ 37
Getting started .......................................................................................... 37
Swinging the compass .............................................................................. 37
Aligning the compass heading .................................................................. 39
Aligning rudder bar ................................................................................... 40
AutoLearn..................................................................................................... 40
Clear water ............................................................................................... 40
AutoLearn procedure ................................................................................ 41
Commissioning complete ............................................................................. 44
3.2 Manual setup ............................................................................................... 44
Checking SPX-5R Drive system operation.................................................... 44
Adjustable parameters .............................................................................. 44
Setting response level .............................................................................. 44
Rudder gain .................................................................................................. 45
Checking ................................................................................................... 45
Adjusting ................................................................................................... 45
Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 46
Checking ................................................................................................... 46
Adjusting ................................................................................................... 46
AutoTrim....................................................................................................... 46
Adjusting ................................................................................................... 46
iii
Rudder damping........................................................................................... 47
Chapter 4:SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings ........................................................ 49
4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 49
Calibration modes ........................................................................................ 49
Display Calibration.................................................................................... 49
User calibration......................................................................................... 49
Seatrial calibration .................................................................................... 49
Dealer Calibration ..................................................................................... 49
Accessing the Calibration modes.................................................................. 50
Adjusting calibration values .......................................................................... 50
4.2 Display calibration ........................................................................................ 51
RUDD BAR screen ....................................................................................... 51
Heading screen ............................................................................................ 51
Data pages .................................................................................................. 51
Setting up data pages............................................................................... 52
4.3 User calibration ............................................................................................ 53
Response level............................................................................................. 53
4.4 Dealer calibration ......................................................................................... 54
Seatrial calibration lock ................................................................................ 54
Vessel type .................................................................................................. 55
Drive type ..................................................................................................... 56
Align rudder .................................................................................................. 56
Rudder limit .................................................................................................. 56
Rudder gain ................................................................................................. 56
Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 57
Rudder damping........................................................................................... 57
AutoTrim ...................................................................................................... 57
Response level ............................................................................................ 57
Turn rate limit................................................................................................ 58
Off course angle ........................................................................................... 58
PowerSteer................................................................................................... 58
Cruise speed ................................................................................................ 59
Latitude ........................................................................................................ 59
System reset ................................................................................................ 59
4.5 System defaults ........................................................................................... 60
Appendix 1:NMEA 0183 sentences .................................................................... 61
NMEA0183 to Course Computer ........................................................................... 61
NMEA0183 from Course Computer* ..................................................................... 61
Appendix 2:SPX-5R Drive system specifications ........................................... 63
Course Computer .................................................................................................. 63
Drive ...................................................................................................................... 63
Pilot Controller (ST6002) ....................................................................................... 65
Index ............................................................................................................................. 67
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Preface
v
Preface
Contents
Safety notices
WARNING: Product installation & operation
This equipment must be installed, commissioned and operated
in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided.
Failure to do so could result in personal injury, damage to your
boat and/or poor product performance.
WARNING: Switch off power supply
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
start installing this product.
WARNING: Navigational safety
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable, many factors can affect its performance. Therefore, it
should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
replace commonsense and navigational judgement. Always
maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
as they develop.
EMC Conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
standards for use in the recreational marine environment. Their design and
manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
compromised.
Pressure washing
Subjecting any Raymarine product to high pressure washing may cause subsequent
water intrusion and failure of the product. Raymarine will not warranty product
subjected to high pressure washing.
Product documents
This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X-5R series.
Documents can be downloaded from www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
Title
Part number
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Operating Guide
81329
ST6002 SmartPilot Controller - Drive Quick Reference Guide
86140
Fluxgate compass installation sheet
87011
vi
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
To the best of our knowledge, the information in the product documents was correct
when they went to press. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions in product documents.
In addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications
without notice. Therefore, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences
between the product and the accompanying documents.
Warranty
To register your new Raymarine product, please take a few minutes to fill out the
warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
card to us to receive full warranty benefits. You can also register online at
www.raymarine.com by following the Login or create an account link.
Product disposal
Waste Electrical and Electronic (WEEE) Directive
The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
equipment is recycled.
Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol (illustrated above)
must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill, but in accordance with local
regulations for such products.
Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products, we support
its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
products.
Please contact your local dealer, national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
for information on product disposal.
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
1
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations
for an SPX-5R Drive system.
The SmartPilot X-5R (SPX-5R) Drive system is intended for use as an aid to steering
leisure marine craft with a fully-laden displacement up to a maximum of:
• 4400 pounds (2000 kg) for mechanically steered craft.
• 7500 pounds (3500 kg) for power steered craft.
1.1 Installation overview
There are two stages to installing an SPX-5R Drive system, namely planning the
installation, then installing and mounting the components.
It is important to carry out the planning stage, to ensure that all components used in
the system, including cables and accessories, are correctly specified and located.
The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage.
Planning
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Understand your system.
Check equipment supplied.
Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment.
Plan cabling and connections.
Produce a schematic diagram.
Installing
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Mount the Course Computer.
Install Drive unit.
Install the autopilot controller.
Install the compass.
Connect power cables and system ground.
Connect additional equipment / cables to the course computer.
Final fix: secure all equipment in place; secure all cables.
1.2 Safe and successful installation
To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX-5R Drive system, installation
must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
instructions in this guide.
Certified installation
Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer. A
certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits. Contact your
Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document
packed with your product.
Getting assistance
If you need further assistance with an installation, contact your dealer or visit the
Raymarine web site www.raymarine.com.
2
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Product documents
The SPX-5R Drive system consists of a number of components connected together
using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus.
SmartPilot course computer
Drive unit
ST6002 controller
Fluxgate
compass
D10369-2
Marine electronics systems
The autopilot may form part of your wider ship’s electronics system, and may be
connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols,
including:
•
•
•
•
SeaTalk.
SeaTalkng
NMEA 0183
NMEA2000 (via SeaTalkng)
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
3
Example SeaTalk system
SeaTalk allows connection of compatible products though a dedicated data bus, to
allow information sharing around the ship.
ST60+ speed
instrument
ST60+ depth
instrument
ST6002
SmartController
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
ST6002
SmartController
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
SeaTalk
cable
GPS
Depth
transducer
Speed
transducer
SeaTalk
3-way block
Course computer
12 V dc
SeaTalk or NMEA
SeaTalk cable, carries:
- 12V power from Course computer
- Data to and from Course computer
D10628-1
4
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
1.3 Equipment & Tools
Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
your system.
Parts supplied
Course
computer
5/8 inch,
Nyloc nut
SeaTalk cable,
4 m (13 ft)
Stud (x2)
Finger nut (x2)
5/8 inch
seal washer
Taper
adaptor
Stub shaft
Drive unit
Panel
seal
SmartPilot
ST6002
controller
Sun
cover
Countersunk screw,
M5 x 12 (x4)
Woodruff
key
Countersunk screw,
M4 x 25 (x4)
M4
washer (x4)
Spade
connector
(1/8" x 2)
Woodruff
key (standard)
M4 spring
washer (x4)
Spade
connector
(1/4" x 1)
Pan head screw,
No 8 x 3/4 inch (x7)
M4
nut (x4)
3 mm allen key
Fluxgate compass
with 8 m (26 ft) cable
Compass
warning label
Cable tie
(x12)
User documents
in wallet
D10662
Box
spanner
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
5
Tools and equipment NOT supplied
You will need to supply the following equipment and tools:
Tools:
• Flat bladed screwdriver
• Power drill (cordless recommended).
• Bearing puller (optional - to remove the steering wheel).
• 5/32 in (4 mm) drill.
• Suitable wrenches/spanners.
Cables / equipment
• Power cable and fuse/breaker. See page 20.
• Additional data cables (e.g. for connection of GPS or chartplotter).
• Grounding braid. See page 25.
1.4 Create a schematic diagram
As part of the preparation for installing your SPX-5R Drive system, we recommend
that you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install. This
will help ensure that you install a safe optimum system, and so is particularly
important if you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment.
The schematic diagram should include:
• Location of all components. See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
affect the location of specific components.
• Connectors, cable types, routes and lengths.
When you have completed the schematic diagram, you are ready to begin installing
the SPX-5 Drive system.
6
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
7
Chapter 2: Installing the system
Before proceeding with the installation, ensure you have the following to hand:
• All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX-5R Drive system.
• The correct type and length of power cable.
• Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections.
You should also check that existing marine electronics, such as the GPS are installed
and working.
2.1 Installation requirements
WARNING: Install at dockside
For safety reasons your boat must be securely moored at dockside
with power switched off, before commencing installation.
EMC installation guidelines
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) regulations. This minimizes electromagnetic interference
between equipment, which could otherwise affect the performance of your system.
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised.
For optimum EMC performance, we recommend that:
•
•
•
•
Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are:
i. At least 3 ft (1 m) from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased to 7 ft (2 m).
ii. More than 7 ft (2 m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally
be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element.
The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start.
This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
engine start does not have a separate battery.
Raymarine specified cables are used.
Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation manual.
Remember
Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above recommendations:
•
Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of electrical equipment. This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance for the
installation.
Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These are important for
correct EMC performance. Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete.
•
Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers.
8
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Connections to other equipment
If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
supplied by Raymarine, a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
Compass
The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
interference including engines and VHF radio waves. To ensure optimum operation it
is essential to locate the compass correctly.
2.2 General cabling guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
•
The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact. Coil and tie any
excess, do NOT cut or otherwise remove it.
Do not mix ac and dc cables.
Adhere to EMC guidelines (see page 7).
Use Kopex conduit where appropriate to protect cables.
Label all cables for easy identification
Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables.
Power cable requirement
An overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration.
Drive unit
Distribution
panel
Course
Computer
Cable A
Cable B
D10679-1
CAUTION: Power cable
Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX-5R Drive
system to malfunction. Ensure the correct cable size is used. If in
doubt, use a heavier gauge cable.
The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit. In
the above illustration, that is the total length of Cable A + Cable B.
Chapter 2: Installing the system
9
The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
table.
Total cable length (A + B)
Copper area
AWG
Up to 3.0 m (10 ft)
2.5 mm2
14
Up to 5.0 m (16ft)
4 mm2
12
Up to 7.0 m (23 ft)
10 mm2
8
2.3 SPX-5R Drive system Course Computer
Mounting
The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface, free from
vibration.
10° 10°
°C
°F
Max 55
130
Min-10
14
D10373-1
or
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
M
VE OUN
RT T
ICA
LLY
170 mm (6.7 in)
10
237 mm (9.33 in)
56 mm
(2.2 in)
D10375-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system
11
Connection overview
The Course Computer provides the following system connections
SeaTalk fuse
(2 A)
Power fuse
(15A)
2
15
Note: Spare fuses
are located in the
connector cover
A
Fluxgate
compass inputs
NMEA 0183
input/ouput
Rudder position
sensor inputs
SeaTalkng
inputs/outputs
SeaTalk
inputs/outputs
Power
inputs
(12 V)
B
RF ground
connection
Drive motor
outputs
D10374-1
2.4 Mounting the Drive
The Drive fits over your boat’s existing steering shaft, and the steering wheel is
secured to the Drive. A taper adaptor is provided to enable the Drive to be fitted to
either 3/4 in (19 mm) or 1 in (25 mm) steering shaft tapers. As the way in which
components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering shaft, you need to
ascertain the diameter of the steering shaft before you fit the Drive.
Step 1 – Remove the steering wheel
CAUTION: Turn the wheel fully clockwise
Before you remove the steering wheel, it is very important to turn it fully
clockwise, otherwise damage to the Drive could occur in the later stages of
installation.
1. Turn the wheel fully clockwise to starboard lock.
2. Remove the steering wheel hub cover.
3. Holding the steering wheel at full starboard lock, use the supplied box spanner or
a suitable socket to remove and retain the wheel securing nut and washer.
4. Carefully remove the steering wheel (a bearing puller will assist with this).
5. Remove and retain the woodruff key.
12
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
.
Woodruff key
Retaining
nut
Steering
wheel hub
Washer
D10376-1
Step 2 - Check wheel shaft size
As the way in which components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering
shaft, it is very important to ascertain the steering shaft diameter before you proceed
with the fitting procedure.
As a rough guide, if you can slide the taper adaptor supplied with your SPX-5R Drive
onto the taper of the steering shaft, then the steering shaft is 3/4 inch diameter. If the
taper adaptor is too small to fit onto the steering shaft, then the steering shaft is 1 inch
diameter.
The following simplified diagrams show the general arrangement of the major
components for each size of steering shaft.
Chapter 2: Installing the system
13
Taper adaptor
fits to
steering shaft
Steering wheel
(3/4" shaft fitting)
3/4"
steering
shaft
3/4 inch Steering Shaft
Steering wheel
(1" shaft fitting)
Taper adaptor,
fits to stub shaft
1 inch Steering Shaft
1" steering
shaft
D10663-1
Step 3 - Plan suitable mounting angle
The Drive unit MUST be mounted at an angle of no more than 35° from vertical, to
ensure adequate drainage of water for all rotating parts. You MUST also ensure that
the drain hole at the base of the unit is kept clear at all times.
Step 4– Prepare to fit torque restraint
1. If the steering wheel shaft is 1 inch diameter, proceed from step 2 below. If the
shaft is 3/4 inch diameter, slide the taper adaptor (supplied) fully onto the steering
wheel shaft taper, with the keyways are aligned.
2. Temporarily place the SPX-5R Drive onto the steering shaft, with the torque
restraint at the lowermost point.
14
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
3. Referring to the following illustration, identify a convenient surface that will provide a secure anchoring point for the torque restraint bracket.
Note: If your dashboard does not extend below the bottom of the SPX-5R Drive, you may need
to manufacture an extension from a suitable material, and permanently attach it to the dashboard, to accommodate the torque restraint bracket.
Dashboard
extension
D10378-2
Chapter 2: Installing the system
15
4. Offer up the torque restraint bracket to the mounting surface and mark the positions for the securing screws.
D10379-2
5. Remove the SPX-5R Drive from the steering shaft, then drill four 5/32 in (4 mm)
holes for the securing screws.
D10380-1
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Step 5- Fit Drive unit
CAUTION: Ensure correct mounting angle
The Drive unit MUST be mounted at an angle of no more than 35° from
vertical, to ensure adequate drainage of water for all rotating parts. You
MUST also ensure that the drain hole at the base of the unit is kept clear at
all times.
Introduction
1. Secure the torque restraint to the mounting surface, using the four M4 screws,
nuts and washers provided, as shown in the following illustration.
M4 washer
M4 nut
M4 spring washer
D10664-2
2. Fit the SPX-5R Drive in accordance with the instructions for either a
3/ inch or 1 inch steering shaft, as appropriate (see below).
4
Chapter 2: Installing the system
17
Fitting to 3/4 inch steering shaft
3/4 inch shaft fitting
Alignment
mark
Alignment
mark
Washer
Woodruff
key (large)
Woodruff Nyloc
nut
key
(small) (small)
3/4"
shaft
Seal
washer
Screw
Nyloc nut
(large)
Drive unit
Taper
adaptor
Stub shaft
D10669-3
To fit the SPX-5R Drive to a 3/4 inch steering shaft, refer to the illustration above and:
1. Ensure that the taper adaptor, is correctly aligned and in place on the steering
shaft.
2. Insert the larger of the two woodruff keys supplied into the drive shaft keyway. If
necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position.
3. Slide the SPX-5R Drive onto the shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at step 2
engages with the keyway in the drive.
Note: You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Drive to secure the drive assembly to the
shaft. Place the 5/8 inch seal washer (supplied) on the shaft so that the seal side is towards the
Drive.
4. Use the supplied box spanner to secure the drive unit with the 5/8 inch nylock nut
supplied.
5. With the steering still hard over to starboard, tighten the drive unit securing nut to
22 pound feet (30 Newton meters).
6. Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit, ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
shaft and drive unit are aligned. Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
countersunk screws supplied. Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches (2.26 Newton metres).
7. Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub
shaft. If necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position.
18
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
8. Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft, so that the woodruff key inserted at
step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel.
9. Place the original steering wheel washer on the shaft then secure the steering
wheel with the original wheel-securing nut.
10. Replace the wheel hub cover.
Fitting to 1 inch steering shaft
1 inch shaft fitting
Alignment
mark
Washer
Taper
adaptor
Screw
Alignment
mark
Woodruff
key (small)
Woodruff Nyloc
key
nut
(large) (small)
Stub
shaft
Seal
washer
Drive unit
1" shaft
Nyloc nut
(large)
D10670-2
To fit the Drive Pilot drive to a 1 inch steering shaft, refer to the illustration above and:
1. Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the
steering shaft. If necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
2. Slide the SPX-5R Drive onto the steering shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at
step 1 engages with the keyway in the drive.
Note: You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Drive to secure the drive assembly to the
shaft.
3. Place the 5/8 inch seal washer (supplied) on the shaft so that the seal side is
towards the Drive.
4. Use the supplied box spanner to secure the drive unit with the 5/8 inch nylock nut
supplied.
5. With the steering still hard over to starboard, tighten the drive unit securing nut to
22 pound feet (30 Newton metres).
6. Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit, ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
shaft and drive unit are aligned. Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
Chapter 2: Installing the system
19
countersunk screws supplied. Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches (2.26 Newton metres).
7. Ensuring that the keyways are aligned, slide the taper adaptor (supplied) onto the
stub shaft, as far as it will go.
8. Insert the larger of the woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub shaft. If
necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
9. Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft, so that the woodruff key inserted at
step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel.
10. Place the original steering wheel washer on the stub shaft, then secure the wheel
with the original wheel-securing nut.
11. Replace the wheel hub cover.
Drive cable routing
We recommend that the entry point for the cable from the SPX-5R Drive is positioned
so that the chances of water entering through the cable entry point are minimized. A
watertight grommet is supplied, but if this is not suitable for the thickness of the
surface through which you intend routing the cable, obtain another grommet of
suitable size, then:
1. In a suitable location drill a hole for the cable grommet.
2. Remove any rough edges from the hole then fit the grommet.
3. Feed the free end of the cable through the grommet, leaving the coiled part of the
cable outside.
Watertight
grommet
D10671-2
20
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course
Computer
Power
The SPX-5R Drive system needs a 12 V dc supply.
CAUTION: Ensure correct supply voltage
Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer, or damage to the
product could occur.
Circuit breaker/fuse
At the power distribution panel, protect the power supply for the SPX-5R Drive system
with a 20 A fuse or 15 A thermal circuit breaker.
Cable
Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 & 9, obtain the
required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boat’s distribution
panel to the Course Computer.
Note: The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact. Coil and tie any excess, do
NOT cut or otherwise remove it.
Connection procedure
A
Brown
Red
B
Blue
Black
Distribution
panel
Drive unit
Fuse or
circuit
breaker
Power supply
D10385-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system
21
At the Course Computer, locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel
and Drive. Ensuring all power is switched off, refer to the illustration above and
connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows:
1. Strip 8-10 mm (3/4 inch) of insulation from the end of each wire.
2. Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block.
3. Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the terminal
block screws.
2.6 Fluxgate Compass
Note: If you intend using a separate NMEA compass, do not connect the Fluxgate Compass
supplied with your SPX-5R Drive system. Instead, connect the NMEA compass to the NMEA input on the SPX-5R system.
Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass. After fitting the Fluxgate
Compass, ensure you affix the compass safe area label adjacent to the Fluxgate
Compass.
The compass contains a self-levelling mechanism. This enables the compass to
provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to +/- 35°.
Note: When shaken, the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound. This is entirely normal and
is not a cause for concern.
Compass mounting
Location
To achieve the best performance, mount your compass:
• With the Raymarine logo facing the bow.
• As close as possible to the boat’s pitch and roll center.
• At least 2ft 6 in (0.8 m) away from your boat’s steering compass to avoid deviation
of both compasses.
• As far away as possible from other cables and large iron masses, such as the
engine or other magnetic devices.
D10386-1
Note: To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence, tape a hand-
held compass to the chosen location, then turn the boat through 360°. The readings on the handheld compass and your boat’s main steering compass (if accurately aligned) should not differ by
more than10° at any heading.
22
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Mounting procedure
1. Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead, with the cable leaving at the
bottom of the unit.
2. Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass, where it is clearly visible.
Ver
ti
cal
D10387-1
Compass connection
Route the compass cable to the Course Computer, securing it at regular intervals with
suitable cable clips/ties.
Connect to the Course Computer as in the following illustration.
Screen
Green
Red
Yellow
Blue
Cable, 8 metres (26 ft)
Fluxgate compass
D10388-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system
23
2.7 Pilot Controller
Fitting
The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 4 m cable for connection to the
SeaTalk bus. Ensure that your mounting location is within 4 m of a suitable connection
point. You may purchase a longer cable if required.
Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet.
Connect controller and SeaTalk bus
The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer, as shown in
following diagram.
Pilot Controller
Red
Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
is to be powered from Course
Computer. See SeaTalk power
connections below, for details.
Yellow
Screen
SeaTalk
D10619-1
Note: You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru-
ment.
SeaTalk power connections
The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
to SeaTalk:
• If power is supplied by the Course Computer, connect the red and yellow wires
and the screen to the Course Computer.
• If power is supplied from an external source, connect only the yellow wire and the
screen to the Course Computer. Do NOT connect the red wire.
24
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
Yellow
Red
SeaTalk
Course Computer
Pilot
Controller
SeaTalk instruments
Screen
SeaTalk
D10644-1
SeaTalk power supplied externally
SeaTalk
Course Computer
Pilot
Controller
SeaTalk instruments
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
Yellow
Do not connect red wire
(Cut back and insulate)
Screen
SeaTalk 12 V power supply
(via breaker/fuse)
D10645-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system
25
2.8 Connect to ground
CAUTION: Grounding
The SPX-5R Drive system ground MUST be connected to ship’s
ground. Failure to connect to ship’s ground may cause it, or other onboard electronics to malfunction.
To ground your SPX-5R Drive system:
• Use a dedicated earthing plate (e.g. dynaplate) in contact with the water.
• Use flat tinned copper braid, 30 A rating 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) or greater. Equivalent
stranded wire diameter 3/16 inch (4 mm) or greater
• Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible.
Note: If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega-
tive terminal of the battery (ideally at the battery itself).
Course computer
A
Boat's ground
connection
B
Preferred grounding
method
Boat's battery
D10608-1
Alternative grounding
method
26
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
2.9 Optional connections
Rudder reference
For suitable vessels, an optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide
an accurate display of the rudder angle, and further improve steering accuracy and
performance of the SPX-5R Drive system. If you have the optional rudder reference
transducer, connect it to the course computer as shown.
Screen
Red
Blue
Green
Rudder transducer
D10393-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system
27
SeaTalkng Connections
To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone, use a dedicated spur cable. Spur
cables are available from your Raymarine dealer, as follows:
SeaTalkng spur cable length
Part number
1 ft 3 in (400 mm)
A06038,
3 ft 3 in (1 m)
A06039
9 ft 10 in (3 m)
A06040
16 ft 4 in (5 m)
A06041
A
Red
B
Black
White
Cut back
Screen
Cut back
& insulate
Yellow
Blue
SeaTalkng spur cable
D10394-1
SeaTalkng power
The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng. A SeaTalkng system
must be powered from its own separate power supply.
See also
For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the separate reference guide
available from the Raymarine web site. www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
28
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
NMEA 0183 equipment
The SPX-5R Drive system can connect via an NMEA port to NMEA devices such as a
GPS or chartplotter.
+ve
IN
-ve
IN
+ve
OUT
-ve
OUT
+ve
OUT
-ve
OUT
+ve
IN
-ve
IN
Screen not connected
NMEA DEVICE
D10539-1
Data bridging
The SPX-5R Pilot system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA0183,
allowing NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information.
For example, the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display.
NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers’ equipment
•
•
•
When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a nonRaymarine cable, you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
cable near to the Raymarine unit.
When connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturer’s instructions
for cable details.
You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
Computer NMEA input.
Chapter 2: Installing the system
29
2.10Final checks
When you have completed all necessary installation procedures, but before you
apply power to the system, ensure all equipment and connections are properly
secured.
Secure all cables
To prevent strain on the connector blocks, secure the cables to the Course Computer
with cable ties as shown below.
D10396-1
2.11Commission the system before use
The autopilot must be commissioned prior to use. For new systems this involves
calibrating the system, which is a safety-critical action.
Refer to Section Chapter 3:, Commissioning & Setup for instructions.
30
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
31
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
SPX-5R Drive system.
Requirement
The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
installation, before the SPX-5R Drive system is used to steer the boat. The
commissioning procedures comprise a series of dockside checks and setup
procedures followed by a short seatrial.
Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX-5R Drive
system for optimum performance with your boat. They are not mandatory and you
may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX-5R Drive system operates to
your satisfaction after commissioning.
When commissioning and setting up the SPX-5R Drive system, use the supplied
ST6002 controller (Pilot Controller):
• standby & auto select the required operating mode.
• +1, -1, +10 & -10 initiate course changes.
• disp & track provide access to extended functions.
Note: The system is also compatible with ST7002, ST8002, S100, SmartController and ST70
Pilot Controllers.
Power assisted steering
If your vessel has power steering, this must be operating before commissioning or
using the autopilot. Operating the autopilot without the power assist steering in
operation could cause damage to the Drive.
Rudder reference information
The basic SPX-5R Drive system is supplied without a rudder reference transducer, so
in the basic system, the Pilot Controller display does not show a rudder reference bar
or indicator. However, the SPX-5R Drive system is compatible with the Raymarine
rudder reference transducer, and this can be fitted as an option.
Display in basic SPX-5R system
Display in SPX-5R system with rudder reference
option fitted
D10806-1
32
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
3.1 Commissioning
The commissioning process comprises:
• Dockside checks & setup.
• Seatrial calibration.
Dockside checks & setup
The dockside checks comprise:
1. Switching on.
2. Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections.
3. Checking rudder bar and steering operating sense.
4. Dealer calibration settings. These are:
• Checking autopilot steering sense.
• Setting vessel type and drive type.
• Setting rudder limits, if rudder reference option fitted.
WARNING:
For safe control of your boat, you MUST complete the dockside
preparation before starting the initial seatrial.
With the boat safely tied up, carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
before any trials at sea or other setup procedures.
Step 1 - Switching on
1. Observing the Drive unit, switch on the main power breaker. If the Drive moves,
switch off the power immediately, then ensure the system wiring is correct before
proceeding.
2. When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up, the controller
will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds, before showing the
STANDBY screen.
You may also see a CALIBRATE REQUIRED message. This is displayed for a
short time if either
• The vessel type is not selected.
• The compass is not calibrated.
These will be calibrated during commissioning.
3. Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading.
TRUE
D10524-1
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
33
Startup problems
• If the Pilot Controller does not beep or the display is blank, switch off the power,
then check the fuse/circuit breaker and the SeaTalk fuse in the SPX Course Computer.
• If the display shows the SEATALK FAIL or NO PILOT alarm message, check the
SeaTalk connections.
• If the STANDBY screen does not display a live compass heading, check the sensor
connections.
Step 2 - Check data connections
Pilot controller
Check the SmartPilot controller links as follows:
• With on the Pilot Controller switched on, check that the Pilot Controller display
shows STANDBY.
• If this does not happen or if the display shows NO PILOT, check the cabling and
connections between the Pilot Controller and the other units.
SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
If you have connected the SPX-5R Drive system to a chartplotter or GPS (e.g. via
NMEA or SeaTalk), check the links by displaying the default navigation data pages on
the Pilot Controller:
1. Press disp to display the first data page (XTE), and check that this page shows the
expected data.
2. Press disp again to check each successive data page (BTW, DTW etc)
If the display shows dashes instead of data values, ensure:
• The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting active waypoints.
• The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format.
• There is not a cabling error. Check for open circuit, short circuit or reversed
connections.
Other NMEA connections
To check other NMEA connections, you will need to set up the appropriate page of
data using Dealer calibration mode.
Data pages are viewed by pressing the disp key (when in Standby or Auto mode).
For details of supported NMEA sentences, see Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
Step 3 - Checking rudder bar operating sense
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, check the rudder bar operating sense as
follows:
1. Turn the wheel manually to starboard.
2. Check that the rudder bar on the controller display moves to starboard.
If the rudder bar moves the wrong way:
i. Turn off the power.
ii. Reverse the red and green wires connected to the RUDDER inputs on the
SPX Course Computer.
iii. Switch on the power and re-check.
34
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Step 4 - Checking steering operating sense
Check the steering operating sense as follows:
1. Manually center the wheel, then press auto (so the SPX-5R Drive system is in
Auto mode)
2. Check that the display shows AUTO.
Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hardover.
3. Press +10 once.
D10646-1
4. Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops.
if the rudder drives hard over, immediately press standby to prevent further rudder movement.
5. If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over:
i. Press standby.
ii. Turn off the power.
iii. Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX-5R Drive system computer.
iv. Switch on the power and re-check.
Note: If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth, you will
need to increase the rudder damping level manually (See page 57).
Step 4 - Dealer calibration settings
Introduction
WARNING: Use Dealer calibration correctly
Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the
SPX-5 Drive system performance and therefore adversely affect
the steering capability. Do not change Dealer calibration
settings other than as described in the product documentation.
To proceed with the dockside preparation, you need to carry out certain Dealer
calibration setup functions. The exact requirement and consequently the calibration
screens displayed, depend on whether a rudder reference transducer is fitted, as
summarized in the following diagram.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
35
Setup map
Enter
DEALER
CALIBRATION
No
Rudder ref
fitted
Yes
CAL screen
CAL screen
CAL screen
CAL screen
Leave
DEALER
CALIBRATION
D10807-1
Entering Dealer calibration
Enter Dealer calibration as follows:
1. Ensure the SPX-5R Drive system is in Standby mode.
2. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode.
2 sec
At the CAL ? screen, press
x3
-1
+
+1
together to enter DEALER CAL
D10540-1
3. When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL, press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
is displayed.
4. Press auto. The display will change to CAL.
5. Press -1 and +1 together to enter Dealer calibration.
6. In Dealer calibration, access the vessel type screen, using disp if necessary. The
vessel type screen shows either VESSEL or one of the vessel types (DISPLACE,
SEMI DISPLACE, PLANING, STERN DRV, WORK BOAT or SAIL BOAT).
Setting the vessel type
The vessel type setting automatically determines appropriate default values for
various other calibration settings. Some of these settings are checked later in this
procedure and others should not require any adjustment. The default values for each
vessel type are listed on page 60.
36
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Set the vessel type as follows:
1. Use -1 or +1 to select the appropriate type of boat:
0
Options
Notes
DISPLACE
Power driven boats which do not plane.
(Typically below 15 kts top speed)
SEMI DISPLACE
Faster power-driven boats which do not plane
PLANING
Planing boats with inboard engine(s) and shaft
drives
(NOT boats with outdrives or outboard engines)
STERN DRV
Boats with outdrives or outboard engines
WORK BOAT
Commercial tugs, fishing vessels etc
SAIL BOAT
Not applicable for SPX-5R Drive.
2. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option.
Setting the drive type
With the DRIVE TYP screen displayed, set the drive type as follows:
1. Use -1 or +1 to select drive type 3.
2. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option.
Align the rudder indicator
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, the ALIGN RUDDER page is displayed. If this
is the case, align the rudder indicator as follows:
1. Use the wheel to enter the rudder.
2. Use -1 and +1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center of the rudder
bar on the Pilot Controller display.
The maximum adjustment available is ±9°. If the offset is beyond these limits, you
will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor.
3. Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
option. See the Setup map above.
Note: You can also zero the rudder bar with the boat under way during the initial Seatrial (see
page 40.
Set the rudder limits
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, the RUDDER LIMIT page is displayed. If this
is the case, set the rudder limits as follows:
1. Turn the wheel to move the rudder:
• To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
• To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
2. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder limit to 5° less than the lowest angle you
have noted.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
37
Save the new settings
When you have adjusted the above settings, hold down standby for two seconds, to
save your changes, leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode.
Seatrial calibration
When you have completed the dockside checks, carry out a Seatrial calibration, to
calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering characteristics.
Important
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
EMC conformance
Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is not affected by
radio transmissions, engine starting etc.This is particularly important when carrying
out a Seatrial.
Seatrial conditions
The seatrial must be carried out only:
• In conditions of light wind and calm water.
• In waters that are clear of any obstructions, so the boat has plenty of clear space
to maneuver.
In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance, course over ground (COG),
speed over ground (SOG) and latitude (LAT) data must be available to the SPX-5R
Drive system (e.g. on SeaTalk). Ensure that the equipment providing this information
(e.g. GPS), is switched on and fully operational, before starting a Seatrial.
The Seatrial procedures are:
• Compass calibration.
• Using AutoLearn to set the SPX-5R Drive system steering characteristics.
Getting started
Start the SeaTrial calibration as follows:
1. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice to
see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
2. Carry out the Seatrial calibration functions as described below, in the following
sequence:
i. Swinging the compass.
ii. Aligning the compass heading.
iii. Aligning rudder bar (only if rudder reference transducer is fitted).
iv. AutoLearn.
Swinging the compass
Note: This section does not apply if you have connected an NMEA compass to your SPX sys-
tem. Refer to the handbook supplied with the NMEA compass for information about calibration.
The magnetic deviation correction procedure (commonly called “swinging the
compass”) involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can automatically
38
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
determine the deviation and apply any correction required. The correction procedure
reduces deviation errors to a few degrees.
As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat, you MUST
complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure.
To swing the compass:
1. With the SPX-5R Drive system in Standby mode, enter Seatrial calibration as
follows:
i. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode.
ii. When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen, press disp until you see the
SEATRIAL CAL screen.
iii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
Note: If you cannot access Seatrial calibration, disable the calibration lock (see page 54).
2. Use the disp key to page through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
SWING COMPASS.
2 sec
x2
D10541-1
3. When you are ready to start, press +1, to select SWING COMPASS ON.
4. Press auto to start the compass swing.
The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT. This indicates the start of the compass swing.
Start
turning boat
(see below)
Turn boat in slow circles so:
• boat's speed stays below 2 knots
• each circle takes at least 2 minutes
Minimum of
2 circles
Autopilot heading
Keep turning the boat until
you see the DEVIATION screen
D10474-1
5. Ensuring you keep the boat’s speed below 5 knots, start slowly turning the boat in
circles, at a constant speed, maintaining a turn rate of approximately 3° per
second, i.e. taking approximately 2 minutes to complete one turn. Complete at
least two circles in this manner.
If you turn the boat too quickly, the display will show a TOO FAST message. If this
occurs, apply less helm to reduce the rate of turn.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
39
Note: If necessary, you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp. If you then
want to repeat the deviation correction, return to the SWING COMPASS screen.
6. Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
DEVIATION screen. This indicates that the SPX-5R Drive system has completed
the deviation correction.
Note: This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360° (not as an east/west
value).
If the deviation value exceeds 15° the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on
your boat. If this occurs, move the compass to a better location. Higher deviation
figures are acceptable on steel boats.
Aligning the compass heading
Once the deviation is displayed, press disp to move to the Heading Alignment page
(ALIGN HDG), then:
1. Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold that
course.
2. If you have a GPS connected to your SPX-5R Drive system:
i. Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots.
ii. Press auto. The SPX-5R Drive system will then set the heading to agree with
the COG (course over ground) heading received from the GPS.
As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG, you must finetune the heading alignment so it matches the boat’s steering compass (or a known
transit bearing). To do this:
1. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boat’s
steering compass (or a known transit bearing).
2. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
compass settings.
Align the autopilot heading
to set autopilot heading to
a Coarse adjustment: If COG is available from GPS, press
COG value, then fine tune manually (see below).
If COG is not available (or after setting heading to COG),
b Fine adjustment:
align autopilot heading manually:
Autopilot heading
Steering compass
or
=
or
Known
heading
Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
same value as the boat's steering compass
Save changes
2 sec
To:
• save deviation correction
• save heading alignment
• return to STANDBY mode
D10473-1
40
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error, small errors
(a few degrees) may remain. Once you have completed the initial compass
calibration, you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
swing the compass again.
Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a deviation
curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
alignment error. You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen, as
described above.
If the average heading error is more than 5°, check there are no items close to the
compass that could cause an unwanted magnetic influence. You should also consider
moving the fluxgate compass and performing the compass deviation correction
procedure again, circling more slowly and in more favorable conditions.
Aligning rudder bar
If the rudder reference transducer is fitted, use this procedure to align the rudder bar
on the Pilot Controller display:
1. Access the ALIGN RUDDER screen in Seatrial calibration:
i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
i. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration, then press disp tree times to see the
ALIGN RUDDER screen
2. Steer straight ahead then use -1, +1, -10 and +10 or the rotary control to set the displayed rudder bar to zero.
AutoLearn
CAUTION:
When using Autolearn you must have significant clear water both in
front and to the sides of the vessel. This is needed to accommodate
a series of maneuvers, which include sudden, sharp turns.
The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine. This is a selflearning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain, counter rudder and
AutoTrim for optimum performance on your boat.
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
other procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
Clear water
The Autolearn set up feature performs a series of 7 or 8 turns at normal cruising
speed. The amount of clear water required depends upon the cruising speed of your
vessel.
For example:
•
•
Minimum 100 m wide and 500 m ahead (typical non-planing vessel at 6 kts).
Minimum 500 m wide and 2000 m ahead (typical planing vessel at 20 kts).
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
41
Typical non-planing vessel at 6 kts
A
tl
ea
s
A
t0
.2
5
nm
(5
00
m
)
of
c
tl
e
of ast
cl 0.
ea 0
r 4n
se m
a (
sp 10
ac 0
e m)
le
ar
se
a
sp
ac
e
d
in
W
D11543-1
Typical planing vessel at 20 kts
A
tl
ea
st
1
nm
(2
00
0
m
)
of
cl
ea
r
se
a
sp
ac
e
A
of t le
cl as
ea t
r 0.2
se 5
a n
sp m
ac (5
e 00
m
)
d
in
W
D11544-1
AutoLearn procedure
1. If you are not already in Seatrial calibration:
i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
ii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
iii. Press disp four times to see the AUTOLEARN screen.
2. In Seatrial calibration, press disp as necessary, until the AUTOLEARN screen is
displayed.
42
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Enter Seatrial calibration
2 sec
x2
Prepare for AutoLearn
• steer straight ahead at cruising speed
(planing boats – just on the plane)
• head into wind and waves
x4
CHECK!
Before proceeding, ensure
you have sufficient clear
sea space
Start
AutoLearn
AutoLearn in progress
D9330-1
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
43
3. With the AUTOLEARN screen displayed, prepare to start the AutoLearn:
• power boats: steer straight ahead (rudder centered). For non-planing boats,
set a comfortable cruising speed. For planing boats set the speed so the boat
is just planing.
• sail boats: with the sails down, steer straight ahead (rudder centered) and
motor the boat at typical cruising speed.
4. If conditions are not calm, head into the wind and waves.
5. When you are ready to start the AutoLearn, press +1.
6. Press auto. The screen will then show the CLEAR TO MANOEUVER message.
7. Ensure it is safe to continue, then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers:
• The boat will start a series of zig-zag turns and the display will show LEARNING
with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage. This number increases
as AutoLearn progresses.
• A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps (depending on boat characteristics and sea conditions).
Note: To cancel an AutoLearn, press standby or disp.
Boat completes AutoLearn
AutoLearn successful
Note: If you see a
LRN FAIL message,
press disp to return to
the AUTOLEARN screen
then repeat from Step 2
After
7 to 27
steps
!
If you need to cancel the AutoLearn, press
Save new settings
2 sec
or
To:
• save AutoLearn calibration settings
• return to STANDBY mode
D10680-1
8. When the SPX-5R Drive system has finished learning, the controller will beep and
display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL:
• LRN PASS = AutoLearn completed successfully.
• LRN FAIL = AutoLearn was not successful, so should be repeated. A failure
code is also displayed:
1 = AutoLearn has not been carried out.
2 = AutoLearn failed, due to manual interruption.
3 Not used.
4 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to drive or compass failure.
5 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to motor current limiting.
6 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to boat locking in a turn.
44
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
9. If the AutoLearn was successful, hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
new settings.
Commissioning complete
If you have successfully completed the dockside preparation and seatrial calibration,
the SPX system is now commissioned and ready for use.
After having used your SPX-5R Drive system, you may decide to change the value of
some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat. If you feel this is
necessary, use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup, below.
3.2 Manual setup
Checking SPX-5R Drive system operation
Before manually adjusting any settings, familiarize yourself with basic SPX-5R Drive
system operation, as follows:
1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
speed. If necessary, steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
steers.
2. Press auto to lock onto the current heading. The SPX-5R Drive system should
hold a constant heading in calm sea conditions.
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to see how the SmartPilot alters the course to port and
starboard.
4. Press standby to return to manual steering.
Adjustable parameters
If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX-5R Drive system performance, you can do so
by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust:
• Rudder gain.
• Counter rudder
• AutoTrim.
Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
and headings to achieve optimum all-round performance for your particular vessel
and preferences.
Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed. For further
information on adjustable parameters, refer to Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive
Settings.
Setting response level
Before proceeding with any manual adjustment, set the response level to 5 as follows:
1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
2. Use disp as necessary to access the RESPONSE screen.
3. Use the -1 or +1 key or the up and down arrow keys to set a response of 5.
4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the setting and leave Dealer calibration.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
45
Rudder gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm, and by adjusting the rudder gain you
can change the SPX-5R Drive system’s steering characteristics. Rudder gain is a
measure of how much helm the SPX-5R Drive system applies to correct course errors
– higher settings mean more rudder is applied.
Checking
Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly:
1. Ensure you have set the SPX-5R Drive response to level 5, as described above.
2. Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water.
It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave
action does not mask steering performance.
3. Press auto to enter Auto mode, then alter course by 40°:
• if the rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the 40° course change should result in
a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5°.
• if the rudder gain setting is too high, the 40° course change will result in a distinct overshoot of more than 5° and there may be a distinct ‘S’ in the course (A)
Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting.
• if the rudder gain is too low, the boat’s performance will be sluggish – it will take
a long time to make the 40° turn and there will be no overshoot (B).
Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting.
New
heading
B
New
heading
A
Rudder gain
too low
New
heading
Rudder gain
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D10472-1
Adjusting
To adjust the rudder gain:
1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
2. Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD GAIN screen.
3. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the rudder gain.
4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer calibration.
5. Press auto to check the SPX-5R Drive system performance in Auto mode.
46
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5R Drive system applies to try to
prevent the boat from oversteering. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied.
Checking
To check the counter rudder setting:
1. Ensure you have set the response to level 5, as described above.
2. Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
3. Press auto to switch the SPX-5R Drive system to Auto mode, then make a 90°
course change:
• When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly, the boat performs a
smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot.
• If the counter rudder is too low, the boat will still overshoot.
• If counter rudder is too high, the boat will ‘fight’ the turn and make a series of
short, sharp turns: this results in a very ‘mechanical’ feel as the boat changes
course.
Adjusting
To adjust the counter rudder:
1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
1. Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration.
2. Use the -1 or +1 keys to adjust the counter rudder.
3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer calibration.
4. Press auto to check the SmartPilot performance in Auto mode.
AutoTrim
You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting. AutoTrim determines how quickly
the SPX-5R Drive system applies ‘standing helm’ to correct for trim changes, caused,
for example, by changes in the wind load on the superstructure, or an imbalance of
engines.
Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX-5R Drive system takes to get
back onto the correct course, but makes the boat less stable. If the SPX-5R Drive
system:
• Gives unstable course keeping and the boat ‘snakes’ around the desired course,
decrease the AutoTrim level.
• Hangs off course for excessive periods of time, increase the AutoTrim level.
Adjusting
Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting, ensure you have sufficient
experience using your SPX-5R Drive system.
If you need to adjust AutoTrim, go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
value. The range of settings is from OFF (no trim correction) to 6 (fastest trim
correction).
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
47
To adjust the AutoTrim
1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
1. Use disp as necessary to access the AUTOTRIM screen.
2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the AutoTrim level.
3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
calibration.
4. Press auto to check the SPX-5R Drive system performance in Auto mode.
Rudder damping
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, you can set the SPX-5R Drive system rudder
damping to prevent autopilot ‘hunting’, i.e. continuously moving the steering
backwards and forwards by small amounts. To set up the rudder damping:
1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
2. Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD DAMP page.
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder damping so the hunting stops. Use the
lowest rudder damping value at which hunting stops.
4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
calibration.
48
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
49
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
4.1 Introduction
This chapter describes the SPX-5R Drive system calibration settings and the factory
default settings. The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
requirements, but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
commissioning the system, they should not require further change.
If you change the calibration settings after the SPX-5R Drive system has been
commissioned, you do not need to repeat the commissioning process. However, DO
NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
Chapter 3 have been completed.
Calibration modes
There are four calibration modes, namely Display calibration, User calibration,
Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration.
Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values.
Display Calibration
The items in Display Calibration affect the SPX-5R Drive system Pilot Controller.
They are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected
through SeaTalk.
You can adjust the Display Calibration settings as often as necessary – for example,
to add or change information displayed on data pages.
User calibration
The User calibration group includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis due to changing conditions.
Seatrial calibration
The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX-5R Drive
system, as described in Chapter 3, so is not described again here. Do not access
Seatrial calibration during normal operation.
Dealer Calibration
The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
operation and can affect your boat’s safety.
After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial, you should not normally
need to alter the Dealer calibration values.
50
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Accessing the Calibration modes
Accessing Calibration
Modes
2 seconds
Calibration
Modes
2 seconds
(saves changes)
to enter Display
calibration mode
to enter User
calibration mode
to enter Seatrial
calibration mode
CAL
+
to enter Dealer
calibration mode
D10808-1
Adjusting calibration values
To adjust calibration values:
1. Access the required calibration mode (refer to the diagram above).
2. Press disp to scroll through the available options. To view the previous option,
press and hold disp for 1 second.
3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to change the values
When you have made all required changes, press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
save changes and exit.
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
51
4.2 Display calibration
Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
Controller.
Accessing Display
Calibration
Display Calibration
2 seconds
(save changes)
The RUDD BAR parameters are
adjustable only if the rudder
reference transducer option is fitted
To adjust values
or
or
Data pages
Press disp
for next page
D10809-1
RUDD BAR screen
This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens.
Heading screen
Use the Heading (HDG) screen to choose whether to use magnetic or true heading
data values. The options are:
•
•
HDG MAG - Magnetic heading. If you select this, the screen will indicate MAG for
heading values, during normal operation.
HDG TRUE - True heading. If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
heading values, during normal operation.
Data pages
The Pilot Controller has fifteen user-configurable data pages. Each data page can be
configured to display SeaTalk/NMEA data, which can be viewed during normal
normal operation (see SmartPilot X-5R Drive Operating Guide).
52
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
The default page settings are:
Data Page
Default Setting
1
XTE (Cross Track Error)
2
BTW (Bearing to Waypoint) - see Note below
3
DTW (Distance to Waypoint) - see Note below
4
RESPONSE
Remaining pages
NOT USED (see Setting up data pages below)
Setting up data pages
When setting up your data pages, we recommend that you:
• Retain the BTW and DTW data pages. If your SPX-5R Drive system receives a
man overboard (MOB) message, these data pages will show the bearing and
distance to the MOB location.
• Disable data pages you do not need to NOT USED. These will then not be
displayed during normal operation, thereby improving the access time to the other
data pages..
.
Available Data Pages
Displayed as
Speed Knots
SPEED KTS
Log
LOG XXXX.X
Trip
TRIP XXX.X
Average Speed
AV. SPD
Wind Direction
e.g. WIND PORT
Wind Speed
WIND KTS
Depth Metres
DEPTH M - see Note below
Depth Feet
DEPTH FT - see Note below
Depth Fathoms
DEPTH FA - see Note below
Heading
HEADING
Water Temperature, Degrees C
WATER °C - see Note below
Water Temperature, Degrees F
WATER °F - see Note below
Course Over Ground
COG
Speed Over Ground, Knots
SOG KTS
Cross Track Error
XTE
Distance to Waypoint
DTW
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
53
Available Data Pages
Displayed as
Bearing to Waypoint
BTW
Rudder Gain
RUDD GAIN
Response
RESPONSE
Watch
WATCH - used to control the Watch timer
Universal Time Coordinated
UTC
Note: There are 3 depth pages (meters, feet and fathoms) and 2 water temperature pages (°C
and °F). The SPX-5R Drive system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units
defined by data page you select.
4.3 User calibration
Accessing User
Calibration
User Calibration
To adjust values
or
2 seconds
(save changes)
or
D10469-1
For information on how to access calibration mode see Accessing the Calibration
modes on page 50.
Response level
The User calibration function gives access to the response level setting.
The response level screen enables you to set the default SPX-5R Drive system
response level setting. The response level controls the relationship between course
keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity. You can make temporary
changes to response during normal operation, as described in Smart Pilot X-5R Drive
System Operating Guide.
54
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Screen Text
Options
RESPONSE
Range = 1 to 9
Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns under normal operating conditions
Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX-5R Drive system may ‘fight’ the sea.
4.4 Dealer calibration
For information on how to access Dealer calibration, refer to Accessing the
Calibration modes on page 50.
WARNING: Dealer calibration
Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
affect on the SPX-5R Drive system steering characteristics and
therefore on the safety of your boat.
Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process (see
Section Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup), and once the SPX-5R Drive system has
been commissioned, you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration
values.
However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration, be aware that
the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX-5
Drive system operation and can affect your boat’s safety.
Seatrial calibration lock
This screen controls the access to Seatrial calibration.
Screen text
Options
CAL LOCK OFF
Calibration lock off – Seatrial calibration can be accessed (default)
CAL LOCK ON
Calibration lock on – Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
55
.
Accessing
Dealer Calibration
+
Dealer Calibration
2 seconds
(saves changes)
To adjust values
or
or
To exit & save changes
2 seconds
D10470-1
Vessel type
Selecting the correct vessel type, enables the SPX-5R Drive system to set
appropriate values for other calibration settings, to give optimum performance. Refer
to the table on page 60 for default values.
Options
Vessel type
DISPLACE
Power-driven boats which do not plane
(Typically below 15 kts top speed)
SEMI DISPLACE
Faster power-driven boats which do not plane
(Typically 15-20 kts top speed)
PLANING
Planing boats with inboard engine(s) and shaft drives
(NOT boats with outdrives)
56
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Options
Vessel type
STERN DRV
Boats with outdrives or outboard engines, including Mercury Verado and
Volvo Penta IPS.
WORK BOAT
Commercial tugs, fishing vessels, etc
SAIL BOAT
Not applicable to the SPX-5R Drive system.
Drive type
The drive type setting controls how the SPX-5R Drive system drives the steering
system.
The correct setting for the SPX-5R Drive system is 3. This should be set when
commissioning the SPX-5R Drive system.
Align rudder
The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
If the rudder reference option is fitted, use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
bar display. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5R Drive system (see
page 36).
Screen Text
Range
ALIGN RUD
-9° to +9° in 1° steps
Rudder limit
The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
If the rudder reference option is fitted, this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder
control just inside the mechanical end stops, to thus avoid putting the steering system
under unnecessary load. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5R Drive
system (see page 36).
Screen Text
Range
RUD LIMIT
10° to 40° in 1° steps
Rudder gain
Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX-5R Drive system applies to
correct course errors. The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied.
The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
(see page 45).
Screen Text
Range
RUD GAIN
1 to 9
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
57
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5R Drive system applies to try to
prevent the boat from oversteering. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied.
The default counter rudder gain is set during the initial seatrial AutoLearn process
(see page 40).
Screen Text
Range
COUNT RUD
1 to 9
Rudder damping
If the SPX-5R Drive system ‘hunts’ when trying to position the rudder, adjust the
rudder damping value to minimize this. Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
hunting. Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting, and
always use the lowest acceptable value
Screen Text
Range
RUDD DAMP
1 to 9
AutoTrim
The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX-5R Drive system applies
‘standing helm’ to correct for trim changes.
The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process (see page 40).
If you need to change the setting, increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
the lowest acceptable value:
• If the SPX-5R Drive system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
activity, decrease the AutoTrim level.
• If the SPX-5R Drive system takes too long to settle onto a new course, increase
the AutoTrim level
• If the AutoTrim level is too high, the boat will be less stable and snake around the
desired course
Setting
Effect
AUTO TRIM OFF
No trim correction
AUTO TRIM 1 to 4
Auto trim applied:
1 = Slowest, 4= Fastest
Response level
This sets the default SPX-5R Drive system response level setting. The response level
controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
drive activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
(see your Operating Guide for details).
58
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Screen Text
Options
RESPONSE
Range = 1 to 9
Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns under normal operating conditions.
Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX-5R Drive system may ‘fight’ the sea.
Turn rate limit
This limits your boat’s rate of turn under SPX-5R Drive system control.
Screen Text
Range
TURN RATE
1° to 30° per second in 1° steps
Off course angle
This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm (see your
Operating Guide). The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds.
Screen Text
Range
OFF COURSE
15° to 40° in 1° steps
Locked heading
Boat heading
15˚ minimum
D3264-3
PowerSteer
If you have a joystick connected to your SPX-5R Drive system, use this screen to
select the required joystick mode of operation. For detailed operating information,
refer to the guide supplied with the joystick.
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5R Drive Settings
59
Options
OFF
Joystick off
1
Proportional power steer
Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement –
the further the joystick is held over, the greater the applied rudder.
2
Bang-bang power steer
Bang-bang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
movement – to improve control, the speed of rudder movement changes with
the angle of the lever. For maximum speed, push the lever hardover. If you
return the lever to the center position, the rudder will remain in its current position.
Cruise speed
Sets the cruise speed value to the boat’s typical cruising speed. If neither the speed
through the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the
SPX-5R Drive system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
when adjusting autopilot settings.
Screen Text
Range
CRUISE SP
4 to 60 knots
Latitude
If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5R Drive system will
use this data instead of the calibration value.
Screen Text
Range
LATITUDE
0° to 80° in 1° steps
System reset
CAUTION: Losing settings at system reset
Do NOT select System RESET unless advised to do so by a
Raymarine dealer. If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX-5R
Drive system calibration settings. You will then need to repeat the
SPX-5R Drive system commissioning process.
Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration, Seatrial calibration and Dealer
calibration settings to their default values.
Note: the Display calibration settings will not change, as these are stored in each individual con-
troller.
To carry out a system reset:
1. Select the System reset (RESET) screen in Dealer calibration.
2. Press +1, then press auto.
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
3. The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message. Either:
• Press auto to cancel the reset
or
• Press +1 again to select YES and reset the SPX-5R Drive system.
4. You will then see the CAL LOCK screen:
• Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new default settings, then turn
the SPX-5R Drive system computer power off and back on
If you reset the system parameters, you must carry out the SPX-5R Drive
system commissioning process before using the SPX-5R Drive system again.
4.5 System defaults
Vessel type
Factory
Defaults
Displacement
SemiDisplacement
Planing
Stern Drive
Work Boat
Calibration Lock
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Vessel Type
0
DISPLACE
SEMI
DISPLACE
PLANING
STERN
DRV
WORK
BOAT
Drive Type
3
4
4
4
3
4
Rudder Alignment 0
0
0
0
0
0
Rudder Limit
30
30
30
20
20
30
Rudder Gain
4
5
4
4
4
5
Counter Rudder
4
3
5
5
5
2
Rudder Damping
2
2
2
2
2
3
AutoTrim
2
2
3
3
3
2
Response:
5
5
5
5
5
5
Turn Rate Limit
7
7
7
7
5
7
Off Course Angle
20
20
20
20
20
20
Power Steer
(Joystick)
OFF
Cruise Speed
8
8
8
8
20
8
Latitude
0
0
0
0
0
0
Autopilot Reset
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
61
Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
The SPX-5R Drive system Course Computer supports the following NMEA0183
sentences.
NMEA0183 to Course Computer
Header
Data in
APB
Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, waypoint number
BWC
BWR
Bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint number, time
GGA
GLL
Latitude/longitude, time
HDG
HDM
HDT
Heading
MWV
Apparent wind angle, apparent wind speed
RMA
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longitude, variation
RMB
Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint
number
RMC
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longitude, time, variation
VHW
Speed through water, heading
VTG
Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG)
XTE
Cross track error
ZDA
Time, date
NMEA0183 from Course Computer*
Header
Data out
HDG
Heading
* The computer will only transmit NMEA if it has received the appropriate data.
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
63
Appendix 2:
SPX-5R Drive system
specifications
Course Computer
Nominal supply voltage
12 V dc (From course computer only)
(20 A fuse protection at distribution panel)
(15 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution panel)
Operating voltage range
11 V to 16 V DC
Current consumption (maximum)
200 mA
Rate Gyro
Built in
Environmental conditions:
• operating temperature
• storage temperature
• relative humidity limit
• water protection
-10°C to 50°C (14°F to 122°F)
-20°C to 65°C (-4°F to 149°F)
85% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
water ingress protection to IPX6, when mounted vertically
Dimensions:
Width: 240 mm (9 7/16“), Height: 170 mm (6 11/16“),
Depth: 55 mm (2 3/16“)
Inputs
Fluxgate Compass, NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), SeaTalkng,
power
Outputs
NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), drive motor, SeaTalkng
Raymarine drive compatibility:
Drive (as supplied with product)
Drive motor output:
5 A nominal
10 A peak
SeaTalk output
2A at 12 V (fuse protected at 2A)
NMEA 0183 v2.3 inputs/outputs
See Appendix 1:, NMEA 0183 sentences
NMEA fast heading output
HDG
5 Hz 0.1° resolution
Fuses
Power Terminals
SeaTalk Terminals
Standard automotive blade fuses to protect:
15 A
2A
EMC compliance:
Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
Drive
Nominal supply voltage
12 V dc
Operating voltage range
10 V to 16 V dc
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SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
Environmental conditions:
• operating temperature
• storage temperature
• relative humidity limit
• water protection
-10°C to 50°C (14°F to 122°F)
-20°C to 65°C (-4°F to 149°F)
95% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
water ingress protection to IPX6, when mounted vertically
Inputs
Drive power from compatible Course Computer.
Steering load:
• Maximum continuous
• Maximum instantaneous
5 pound feet (7 Newton meters)
11 pound feet (15 Newton meters)
Manual steering torque
2 pound feet (3 Newton meters)
Servicing
Daily inspection before commencing any passage:
- Visually inspect the Drive installation.
- Check autopilot operation.
Annual inspection:
Check once per year that the Drive, and associated torque
restraint are securely fitted and have not worked loose during
usage.
Remove any deposits from the emergency release pin and
check its operation.
Service interval:
Inspect and service in line with your steering system manufacturer recommendations.
In any event a Raymarine approved service must be carried out
every 2 years or 200 engine hours, whichever occurs soonest.
CE compliance and approvals
2004/108/EC (EMC).
EN29775 Section 7.2.2 Helm assembly tests.
BSEN28848 Helm impact test.
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2.
65
Pilot Controller (ST6002)
Nominal supply voltage:
12 V dc via SeaTalk
Operating voltage range:
10 V to 16 V dc
Current consumption (Standby mode)
60 mA (less than 200 mA with full lighting)
Environmental conditions:
• operating temperature
• storage temperature
• relative humidity limit
• water protection
-10°C to 50°C (14°F to 122°F)
-20°C to 65°C (-4°F to 149°F)
95% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
water ingress protection to IPX6.
Overall dimensions:
• width
• height
• depth
110 mm (4.33 in)
115 mm (4.53 in)
41 mm (1.62 in)
Keypad:
8 button illuminated keypad
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD):
shows heading, locked course and navigational data, and up
to 15 data pages
LCD illumination:
3 brightness levels + off
Input connections:
SeaTalk (x2) and NMEA 0183
Output connections:
SeaTalk (x2)
CE approvals:
Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC).
Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2.
66
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
67
Index
A
Accessing calibration modes, 50
AutoTrim, 46, 57
C
Calibration modes, 49
Certified installation, 1
Checking system operation, 44
Commissioning
Dockside, 32
align rudder indicator, 36
checking connections, 33
checking pilot operating sense, 33, 34
set drive type, 36
set rudder limits, 36
set vessel type, 35
switching on, 32
requirement, 29, 31
Seatrial, 37
conditions, 37
heading alignment, 39
Counter rudder, 46, 57
Course Computer
connections, 11
Drive, 20
Fluxgate Compass, 22
NMEA0183, 28
Pilot Controller, 23
power, 20
rudder reference, 26
SeaTalkng, 27
mounting, 9
seatrial calibration lock, 54
system reset, 59
turn rate limit, 58
vessel type, 55
Default settings, 60
Display calibration, 51
data page setup, 51
heading selection, 51
Drive
cable routing, 19
mounting, 11, 16
torque restraint, 13
Drive type, 56
setup, 36
E
EMC information, v, 7
F
Fluxgate Compass
connecting, 22
locating, 21
mounting, 22
Fuse, 20
G
Grounding, 25
H
Heading alignment, 39
Heading selection, 51
D
J
Data pages
available functions, 52
setup, 51
Dealer calibration
align rudder indicator, 56
AutoTrim, 57
counter rudder, 57
cruise speed, 59
drive type, 56
joystick mode, 58
latitude, 59
off course warning angle, 58
response level, 57
rudder damping, 57
rudder gain, 56
rudder limits, 56
Joystick calibration, 58
L
Latitude, 59
M
Magnetic/true heading selection, 51
Manual setup
AutoTrim, 46
checking operation, 44
counter rudder, 46
N
NMEA0183
connections, 28
inputs, 61
68
SmartPilot X-5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide
outputs, 61
O
Off course warning angle, 58
P
Parts supplied, 4
Pilot Controller
connecting, 23
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by
Course Computer, 24
SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Computer, 23
fitting, 23
Power cable requirement, 8
Power connection, 20
Power supply protection, 20
Product disposal, vi
R
Resetting the system, 59
Response level, 53, 57
Rudder damping, 57
Rudder gain, 56
setup, 45
Rudder indicator alignment, 56
setup, 36
Rudder limits, 56
setup, 36
Rudder reference option, 26
S
Safety
electrical, v
general, v
navigation, v
SeaTalkng connections, 27
Seatrial Calibration, 37
conditions, 37
heading alignment, 39
Seatrial calibration lock, 54
Setup
Accessing calibration modes, 50
AutoTrim, 46, 57
counter rudder, 46, 57
cruise speed, 59
data pages, 51
drive type, 36, 56
heading selection, 51
joystick, 58
latitude, 59
off course warning angle, 58
response level, 53, 57
rudder damping, 57
rudder gain, 45, 56
rudder indicator alignment, 36, 56
rudder limits, 36, 56
seatrial calibration lock, 54
turn rate limit, 58
vessel type, 35, 55
ST6002 Pilot Controller
connecting, 23
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by
Course Computer, 24
SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Computer, 23
fitting, 23
Switching on, 32
System defaults, 60
System grounding, 25
System overviews, 2
System reset, 59
T
Tools required, 5
Torque restraint, 13
Turn rate limit, 58
U
User calibration, 53
response level, 53
V
Vessel type, 55
setup, 35
W
Wheel shaft size, 12