FCC INFORMATION
COMPLIANCE INFORMATION STATEMENT
(DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY PROCEDURE)
Responsible Party:
Address:
Telephone:
Fax:
Type of Equipment:
Model Name:
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Ave.
Buena Park, CA 90620
714-522-9011
714-228-3913
CD Recordable/Rewritable Drive
CRW2100E
CRW2100E-NB
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
See user manual instructions if interference to radio reception is suspected.
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements.
Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables.
Cable/s supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void
your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class
“B” digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product
in a residential environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses
radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause
interference harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that
interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined
by turning the product “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change
the lead-in to coaxial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this
type of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America,
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue, Buena Park, CA 90620 U.S.A.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
These precautions explain how to use the device correctly and safely, thereby preventing injury to
yourself or to others. This section has been sub-divided into a WARNING section and a CAUTION
section, according to the likelihood and nature of any potential injuries or damage inflicted. They
relate to your personal safety, and also help you minimize the risk of damaging the device. Please
read these sections carefully before proceeding.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even
death from electrical shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions
include, but are not limited to, the following:
● Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble or modify it.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock or fire. The device contains no userserviceable parts. If it appears to be malfunctioning, have it inspected by qualified service
personnel.
● Do not look inside the device.
If you expose your eyes to the laser inside the device, you risk damage or loss of your vision.
● Do not insert fingers or foreign objects into the device.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of personal injury, electrical shock, damage to the device or
fire. Please take particular care if small children are present.
● Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions or place containers
on it that contain liquids which might spill into any openings.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, fire or personal injury.
● Follow the Owner’s Manual carefully.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of personal injury, electrical shock, fire or damage to the unit.
Follow the correct procedure when setting up the device.
● If unusual smells, sounds or smoke emanate from the device or if liquids enter the device, switch
the computer off immediately and unplug it from the power outlet.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, fire or damage to the device. Return the
device immediately to the store at which it was purchased or alternatively, to the nearest Yamaha
dealer (listed at the back of this manual).
● Make sure the computer is electrically grounded
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock.
● When opening up the computer, always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet. Do not
touch the plug with wet hands.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock.
● When used in a fan-cooled system, the drive should not be exposed to temperatures outside the
range 5 ~ 40°C (41 ~ 104°F).
ii
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to
yourself or others, or damage to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but
are not limited to, the following:
● Always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet if it will not be used for a prolonged period of
time or if there is a risk of lightning.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, short-circuiting or fire.
● Do not expose the device to excessive heat or vibrations such as in direct sunlight or near a heater.
Also avoid placing it in extreme cold or much dust.
Otherwise, the front panel may become disfigured or the internal components may be damaged.
● Do not use the device near other electrical products such as televisions, radios or speakers.
Otherwise, this may cause interference which can affect the proper operation of those other
products.
● Do not place the device in an unstable position.
Otherwise, it may accidentally fall down and be damaged or cause personal injury.
● Mount the device horizontally.
Otherwise, written data may be destroyed. Set the device up according to the instructions in the
Owner’s Manual.
● Always remove the disc from the tray before transporting the device.
Otherwise, written data may be destroyed.
● When cleaning the device, never use benzene, paint thinners, detergents or chemical-impregnated
wiping cloths. Also, do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the device.
Otherwise, the device may be damaged or its front panel may become discolored. Use a soft, dry
cloth to wipe the device.
● Do not rest your weight on or place heavy objects on the device and do not use excessive force on
the buttons, switches or connectors.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of damage to the device or personal injury.
● Do not listen to audio with headphones at high volume and for prolonged periods of time.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of hearing loss.
● Before using the device, set the volume dial to its lowest setting.
Otherwise, sudden bursts of sound can cause hearing loss.
● Do not place the device near sources of magnetic interference, such as computer displays.
Magnetic interference can affect the operation and stability of the device.
● Have the device serviced regularly.
Otherwise, dust can build up inside the device, increasing the risk of fire or damage. For
information about servicing charges, contact the store at which the device was purchased or
alternatively, the nearest Yamaha dealer (listed at the back of this manual). The device should be
serviced about once a year.
iii
■ About CD-R/RW discs
Please read the following regarding the handling of CD-R/RW discs.
1. Do not expose discs to excessive heat such as in direct sunlight or near a heater.
Also avoid keeping them in a humid place.
2. Do not touch disc surfaces.
When handling a disc, hold it by its edges.
3. Remove dust and dirt from disc surfaces.
Use air-based dust removers. The surfaces may be scratched if wiped with a dry cloth.
4. Do not stick labels on disc surfaces.
5. Do not write on disc surfaces except where indicated.
6. Do not clean discs with chemicals or detergents.
7. Do not bend or drop discs.
1. The information contained in this manual is subject to change
without prior notice.
2. All trademarks contained in this manual belong to their respective
owners.
3. Yamaha does not bear any responsibility for any outcome as a
result of using this device.
4. Reproduction of this manual, either in part or in full, is expressly
forbidden.
■ Precautions for Transportation
Before transporting the device, always put it in its original box. If the device is transported
without adequate packing, the internal components may be damaged and cause the device
to malfunction.
■ Copyrights
When writing to CD-R/RW, make sure that you are not infringing any copyrights. It is illegal
to copy audio CDs for non-personal use. When backing up software, please make sure that
you are not infringing any software copyrights for that product.
■ WARRANTY
YAMAHA AND SUPPLIERS ACCEPT NO LIABILITY FOR THE LOSS OF ANY DATA OR
ANY PROBLEMS CAUSED AS A RESULT. AS A PRECAUTION, IT IS RECOMMENDED
THAT THE DISCS BE TESTED AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN WRITTEN TO.
FURTHERMORE, UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES DOES YAMAHA AND SUPPLIERS
GUARANTEE THE RELIABILITY OF THE DISCS.
iv
Table of Contents
Introduction ....................................................................... 1
Features of the CRW2100E Drive ................................................... 1
Before Use ......................................................................... 3
System Requirements ...................................................................... 3
Supported Discs .............................................................................. 4
Tools ................................................................................................ 5
Front and Rear of Unit ........................................................... 6
Front Panel ..................................................................................... 6
Rear Panel ....................................................................................... 7
Setup Flowchart .................................................................. 8
Setup Procedures ................................................................ 9
Serial Number ................................................................................. 9
Connecting the CRW2100E Drive ................................................ 10
Operation ......................................................................... 26
Loading a Disc .............................................................................. 26
Ejecting a Disc .............................................................................. 26
Ejecting a Disc in an Emergency ................................................... 27
Troubleshooting ................................................................. 28
Appendix .......................................................................... 31
Writing Modes .............................................................................. 31
About the firmware ....................................................................... 33
LED Indicator Messages ................................................................ 34
CRW2100E Specifications ............................................................ 34
Index ............................................................................................. 37
©2000 Yamaha Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
This document may not, in whole or in part, be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, transmitted or reduced to any electronic medium of
machine readable form without prior consent in writing from Yamaha.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective companies.
v
Introduction
Features of the CRW2100E Drive
High speed
The CRW2100E drive supports up to 16X speed writing of a CD-R disc, and up to
10X speed writing of a CD-RW disc. For example, an audio CD (79 minutes/
700MB) can be created in approximately 5 minutes. With newly adopted Partial
CAV writing method (See the following column), you can write a disc by directly
transferring content data from a 32X-speed or faster CD-ROM drive. Data
reading at up to 40X speed is supported.
CD TEXT support
The CRW2100E drive is compatible to CD TEXT format. Information such as the
song name or artist name can be recorded using writing software. The text data
on the disc you create can be displayed by a CD player that is compatible with
CD TEXT.
Wide compatibility
Compatibility assurance data obtained through exchange of technical data with
major disc manufacturers ensures compatibility with discs from a very wide range
of manufacturers. 700MB discs are also supported.
High-fidelity audio
The CRW2100E supports extracting digital audio data at up to 40X speed, as well
as recording digital sound with complete fidelity even when writing at 16X speed.
Also, the built-in digital audio output is ideal for pure quality of audio playback
when connected to a digital audio input of the computer’s sound card or so on.
Reliable writing
Yamaha’s proprietary Pure-Phase Laser System*1 improves jitter values*2 to allow
the signal to be recorded accurately. In addition, the 8MB buffer memory and
Running OPC*3 technology further enhance reliability.
Optimum speed
The CRW2100E drive can write at an optimum speed*4 if the CD-R disc does not
allow 12X- or 16X-speed writing.
1
Introduction
*1 Pure-Phase Laser System (patent applied for)
Technology that reduces phase interference of the laser beam, so that it shines accurately on the disc.
*2 Jitter value
An important measure of recording quality. This has been improved 25% compared with Yamaha models
not using this technology.
*3 Running OPC (Optimum Power Control)
CD-R/RW discs vary by manufacturer in their recording characteristics, and the laser output required to
write data differs by disc. Running OPC is technology that solves this problem by automatically adjusting
the output of the laser according to the material of the disc on which data is being written.
*4 If you attempt to write at 16X or 12X speed but the CRW2100E drive detects that the quality of a target
CD-R disc is inappropriate for such speeds, the drive will automatically slow down the writing speed
optimally for the disc.
About Partial CAV (Constant Angular Velocity)
Writing to a CD-R disc is normally done using CLV (Constant Linear
Velocity) method. In this method, the disc rotation speed will be so adjusted
as to keep a constant data transfer rate at any portion of the disc. In other
words, the disc rotation speed will vary in CLV writing.
In contrast, CAV (Constant Angular Velocity) method uses a constant disc
rotation speed at any portion of the disc whereas the data transfer rate will
vary. Because CAV method has an advantage to largely increase the data
transfer rate with a minimum load to the drive’s mechanism (compared to
CLV’s rotation speed adjustment), many of current CD-ROM drives use CAV
method.
CD formats define the constant linear density of written data (data should be
written onto the disc track in the constant pitch) so that amount of recorded
data per disc rotation will increase as the writing point moves from the inner
to the outer. In other words, in CAV writing the outer portion has an
increased data transfer rate.
The CRW2100E drive uses CAV method in the inner portions as well as CLV
method in the outer portions (Partial CAV) in order to enable up to 16Xspeed writing. The drive will control the disc rotation speed to start writing
at 12X speed in the inner portions, gradually accelerating up to 16X speed
and maintaining 16X speed in the outer portions.
2
Before Use
System Requirements
In order to use the CRW2100E drive, your computer system will need to meet the
following set of requirements.
n The CRW2100E drive may not write at a maximum speed depending on your computer’s
system configuration.
PC/AT-Compatible Computer
CPU: Pentium II-class or higher, 300MHz or faster.
RAM: 32MB memory (64MB or more recommended).
n If you are using Windows 2000 operating system, you need 64MB or more memory.
A 5.25-inch drive bay for mounting the drive (if the CRW2100E is expanded).
Operating System (OS)
Windows 95 (OSR2 or later), Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition,
Windows NT4.0 with Service Pack 3 or later, Windows 2000.
CD Writing Software
The CRW2100E drive requires CD writing software to write onto a CD-R/RW
disc. When you use the CD writing software, make sure that it supports the
CRW2100E drive.
n For details about how to install and use the software, refer to the documentation that
came with it.
Hard Drive Space
When writing to a CD-R/RW disc, you will need a working area (50 to 100MB
free space) on the hard drive. When creating an image file for all data to write to a
CD-R/RW disc, in addition to the working area, you will need as much hard drive
space as that data (up to 800MB in total). However, such hard drive space for the
image file is not needed when you are directly writing from a hard drive, CDROM drive or so on (on-the-fly writing).
n You can collect data files into a single disk image file for a CD-R/RW disc. That image
file can then be simply transferred and written onto a disc, avoiding writing errors
related to buffer underrun (a condition where writing is disabled due to underperformance of the data transfer rate to the writing speed). Also, note that the image file
is useful to write multiple discs with the same content.
3
Before Use
Supported Discs
The CRW2100E drive can write to discs that carry the following logos.
4
Before Use
About CD-ROM
A CD-ROM disc is a compact disc containing high-density read-only data. It
has many applications, including the playback of music and video, the
archiving of data, as well as on-line documentation. The following are
descriptions of each CD-ROM format:
CD-DA: Up to 74 minutes of stereo audio is written in 16-bit resolution at a
sampling rate of 44.1kHz for a 74 minutes disc.
Data CD: Up to 650 megabytes of computer data is stored in standard
ISO9660 format for a 650MB disc.
Video CD: These hold movies in which the video and audio data has been
compressed using MPEG-1 technology.
Tools
You will need the following tools at hand when installing the CRW2100E drive.
Phillips Screwdriver
You will need to use this when removing the cover of your computer and when
mounting the drive. You may also need to temporarily remove the sound card to
gain access to the CD audio connectors. In which case a small screw retaining
the sound card’s face plate has to be removed.
n Make sure your screwdriver’s head is the correct size for the screws you need to remove.
Long-Nosed Pliers
You will need these to insert or remove the plastic shunts when setting the
jumper switches at the back of the CRW2100E drive.
5
Front and Rear of Unit
Front Panel
The CRW2100E drive’s front panel features the following:
Disc tray
The tray is used to hold the disc.
It slides out from the drive unit
when a disc needs to be loaded
or unloaded.
Headphone jack
You can connect
stereo headphones
to this stereo mini
jack and listen to
audio CDs loaded
in the drive.
Manual Eject hole
Only use this if no other
method is available for
unloading a disc.
Headphone volume
control
Adjust this control to set a
suitable volume level when
listening to an audio CD
using the headphone jack.
Slide the knob to the left to
decrease the volume and to
the right to increase it.
Eject button
Press this button when you
need to open or close the
tray. Remove the disc after
the tray has opened.
LED
Indicates the operation
status of the CRW2100E
drive. (P. 34)
6
Front and Rear of Unit
Rear Panel
The CRW2100E drive’s rear panel features the following:
DIGITAL AUDIO OUT connector
If your sound card has a digital audio
input, you can connect this connector
to that digital input using a digital
audio cable (sold separately).
AUDIO OUT
DIGITAL ANALOG
DG R G L
ANALOG AUDIO
OUT connector
Connect one end
of the 4-pin audio
cable to this and
the other end to
your computer’s
sound card or
built-in audio.
IDE INTERFACE connector
Insert the connector of the IDE cable
here. Make sure you align the red line
of the ribbon cable with pin 1 of the
drive’s connector, marked “IDE
INTERFACE CONNECTOR 1.”
IDE
INTERFACE
CONNECTOR
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
IO OUT
G L
1
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
DC INPUT
+5V G +12V
DC INPUT
connector
Insert the power
connector from your
computer’s power
supply in this
socket to feed
power to the drive.
1 MASTER jumper switch
Plug a plastic shunt into this jumper switch if you are
connecting the master CRW2100E using an IDE
cable.
2 SLAVE jumper switch (default setting)
Plug a plastic shunt into this jumper switch if you are
connecting the slave CRW2100E using an IDE cable.
3 CSEL jumper switch
If your computer supports the CSEL function, plug a
plastic shunt into this jumper switch to have the
computer automatically select master or slave for the
CRW2100E.
n Usually, use the MASTER or SLAVE jumper switch because the CSEL function may
sometimes create a conflict. Refer to the documentation that came with your computer
to check whether the computer supports the CSEL function.
7
Setup Flowchart
This flowchart shows the procedure for setting up the CRW2100E drive. For
easy cross-referencing, the relevant pages in this manual are also given.
STEP
1
STEP
2
STEP
3
STEP
4
Connecting the CRW2100E Drive
1.
2.
3.
4.
Opening the Computer (P. 10)
Choosing the Connecting Method (P. 11)
Setting the Jumper Switches (P. 15)
Installing the CRW2100E Drive (P. 16)
Configuring in the Operating
System (P. 24)
Check that the CRW2100E drive is recognized
correctly.
Installing the CD Writing
Software
For details about how to install the software,
refer to the documentation that came with it.
Start Using the CRW2100E Drive!
Use the drive to create audio CDs, to back up
data on your hard disk, or for whatever
purpose suits your needs.
8
Setup Procedures
Connecting the CRW2100E Drive
Opening the Computer
1 Power down your computer and unplug it from the AC outlet.
If you proceed without doing this, you run
the risk of receiving an electric shock and/
or short-circuiting and damaging
components, including the CRW2100E
drive.
2 Remove the outer casing of the computer. If you need to remove screws
in the process, make sure you don’t lose them.
n The method for removing the casing and
fitting the drive in the drive bay can vary
depending on the manufacturer. Refer to the
documentation that came with your computer
for further details.
3 Touch a metal part of the computer’s chassis or power supply unit to
drain any static charge that may have built up inside your body.
Alternatively, you can wear an anti-static grounding (earthing) wrist
strap.
You can permanently damage
equipment if you touch it while there
is any static charge in your body.
10
Setup Procedures
Choosing the Connecting Method
4 First make sure how existing IDE devices are connected to your
computer, and then determine how to connect the CRW2100E drive in
conjunction with those devices.
Additional Drive
● As an additional drive (set as secondary slave)
If the casing of your computer has a spare 5.25-inch drive
bay available, such as with many tower-type designs, you
can install the CRW2100E drive in addition to the
computer’s existing CD-ROM drive.
CRW2100E
● As a replacement drive (set as secondary master)
Replacing Drive
If the casing of your computer does not have a spare 5.25inch drive bay available, such as with many desktop-type
designs, you can replace the computer’s existing CD-ROM
drive with the CRW2100E drive.
CD-ROM drive
CR
CRW2100E
W2100E
n You cannot replace the computer’s existing CD-ROM drive
with the CRW2100E drive using the existing cable if the drive
is a SCSI type. In this case, use an IDE cable to connect the
CRW2100E drive.
11
Setup Procedures
5 Remove the front cover of a vacant 5.25-inch drive bay slot
in the computer.
n When you finish this step, proceed to Step 8 on page 15.
Additional Drive
Front panel
to page 15
8
5.25-inch drive bay slot
Front cover
5 Remove the front panel of the computer.
Replacing Drive
Front panel
12
Additional Drive
Setup Procedures
6 Disconnect all the cables connected to the rear of the
existing CD-ROM drive, and also disconnect the audio cable
from the sound card or motherboard’s audio connector.
Replacing Drive
n The existing CD-ROM drive in the computer is assumed to be an
IDE-type.
13
ANAL
AUDIOG
O
R GG
L
CABL
E
SLAV SELECT
E
MAS
TER
39
40
HOST
INTE
RFAC
E
1
2
PO
+5V WER
G G
+12
V
Additional Drive
Setup Procedures
7 Remove the four screws holding the CD-ROM drive in place, then
slide the drive forward and out of the drive bay.
Before removing the CD-ROM drive from the computer, make
sure that all the cables have been removed from the CD-ROM
drive’s rear panel.
Replacing Drive
n Do not force pulling or apply excessive force to the CD-ROM drive.
14
Setup Procedures
Setting the Jumper Switches
8 Set the CRW2100E drive as master or slave to meet your
computer environment by plugging the included plastic
shunt to the appropriate jumper switch on the rear panel of
the CRW2100E drive.
n The CRW2100E drive is shipped with the SLAVE setting. Thus, you
do not reset the factory setting if you plan to use the CRW2100E drive
as slave. If you connect the drive solely to the secondary IDE cable or
replace the drive with an existing master device, you need to set the
CRW2100E drive as master.
from page 12
5
Rear Panel
AUDI
OO
UT
DIGIT
AL
ANAL
OG
DG
R G
L
CSEL
SLAV
MAS E
TER
1
R G L
IDE
INTE
RFAC
CONN
E
ECTO
R
DC
+5V INPU T
G +
12V
IDE
INTERF
CONNE
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
D
1
+5V
Plastic shunt
SLAVE
(factory setting)
Jumper switches
n The plastic shunts actually contain metal for bridging the two pins of a
jumper switch, creating an electrical connection between them when
attached. When removed, the jumper switch is set to “OFF.” Store
unused plastic shunts in a safe place where they will not be lost.
Use a pair of long-nosed pliers to attach or detach the
plastic shunts accordingly. However, make sure that the
computer is switched off when doing so.
15
Setup Procedures
Installing the CRW2100E Drive
9 Slide the drive backwards into the slot.
Replacing Drive
Additional Drive
n Do not apply excessive force when sliding the drive back into
the drive bay slot.
16
Setup Procedures
Additional Drive
) Leave enough room behind the drive to connect the power,
IDE and audio cables. Then tighten the four fastening
screws on the sides of the unit by hand to hold the drive in
place.
Replacing Drive
) Leave enough room behind the drive to connect the power,
IDE and audio cables. Then tighten the four fastening
screws on the sides of the unit by hand to hold the drive in
place.
17
Setup Procedures
! Connect the IDE cable.
Connect the 40-pin IDE cable to the secondary IDE connector on
the motherboard and to the IDE interface connector on the rear
panel of the CRW2100E drive. Be sure to plug in the cable so
that the colored line on the cable corresponds to pin #1 on the
right end of the connector.
18
Setup Procedures
@ Connect the audio cable between the CRW2100E drive and the
computer’s sound card, or the motherboard’s audio connector if it has
built-in audio. One end of the audio cable has two connectors: a
vertically-mounted type (PH) and a horizontally-mounted type (MPC).
Choose the one that matches your sound card’s connector. The
connector at other end of the cable is connected to “ANALOG AUDIO
OUT” on the CRW2100E drive. Make sure the connector’s lug is at the
top.
Lug
AUDI
OO
UT
DIGIT
AL
ANAL
OG
DG
R G
L
CSEL
SLAV
MAS E
TER
1
IDE
INTE
RFAC
CONN
E
ECTO
R
DC
+5V INPU T
G +
12V
Audio cable
Horizontally-mounted
type (MPC)
Sound card
Vertically-mounted
type (PH)
n You do not need to connect the audio cable to write audio CDs since the audio is
passed over the IDE bus. It is required to play back audio CDs on the CRW2100E
drive via the computer’s sound card. However, if a CD-ROM drive is already
connected to the sound card, you should use this drive to play back your audio
CDs. To listen to audio CDs without a computer sound card, connect headphones
or speakers to the headphone jack on the CRW2100E drive’s front panel.
n If you use the digital audio output, you need a digital audio cable with an
appropriate connector at each end, and a sound card that has a digital audio input.
19
Setup Procedures
# Connect a 4-pin power cable to the power supply connector of the
CRW2100E drive marked “DC INPUT.”
CSEL
SLAV
MASTE
ER
1
IDE
INTE
RFAC
CONN
E
ECTO
R
DC IN
PU T
+5V
G +
12V
Top
20
Setup Procedures
Replacing Drive
Additional Drive
% Attach the outer casing of the computer and any screws
that were removed.
22
Setup Procedures
Replacing Drive
Additional Drive
^ Reconnect the computer to the AC outlet and power it up.
23
Setup Procedures
Configuring in the Operating System
& When using Windows 95/98/98 Second Edition, after the
computer’s operating system has loaded, open the “Control
Panel” and double-click on the “System” icon. Select the
“Device Manager” tab and double-click on “CDROM.” If the
drive has been correctly installed, it should be listed as
shown in the figure below.
* This is a screen shown in the Windows 98 Second Edition
environment.
n When using Windows NT, you can verify by opening the “Control
Panel,” double-clicking on “SCSI Adapter” and clicking the “Devices”
tab.
n For more information on using the operating system, refer to the
documentation that came with the operating system.
n If there is an
or
mark etc. next to the icon for the
CRW2100E drive, this means that it has not been installed correctly.
n For Windows 2000, double-click System in the “Control Panel,”
select the “Hardware” tab, and click the “Device Manager” button in
“System Properties.”
24
Setup Procedures
* When using Windows 95/98/98 Second Edition, follow Step & to open
the “Device Manager” window, then double-click the “YAMAHA
CRW2100E” icon to open the “YAMAHA CRW2100E Properties”
window, and click the “Settings” tab to select it. A screen similar to the
one below appears. Make sure that the “Sync data transfer” check box is
not checked. (There is no need to set the “Sync data transfer” check box
if it does not appear.) By checking the “DMA” check box, you can
enable high-speed data transfer between the CRW2100E drive and the
computer. However depending on your computer system, this may
cause operation to become unstable. If this occurs, uncheck “DMA.”
* This is a screen shown in the Windows 98 Second
Edition environment.
n Windows NT does not have a “DMA” setting. Nor do you need to set the “Sync data
transfer” parameter, since it will not appear.
n Enabling or disabling “Sync data transfer” option does not affect the CRW2100E
drive.
Installing the CD Writing Software
( Install the CD writing software.
n For details about how to install the software, refer to the documentation that came
with it.
25
Operation
This section explains how to operate the CRW2100E drive after you have
installed it. You can load and eject a disc (as described below) only when the
computer is powered on.
Loading a Disc
26
Operation
n The disc tray will not open if the computer is not switched on. With the CRW2100E
drive powered on, pressing the Eject button will not open the disc tray if ATAPI
commands prohibit ejecting a disc, such as during reading data.
n Remove the disc only after the disc tray has opened fully. Otherwise, you risk
damaging the drive or the disc.
Ejecting a Disc in an Emergency
If the disc tray fails to open for some reason, such as a power outage, you can
open it manually.
27
Troubleshooting
Please also refer to the YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web site for more information.
YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web site URL:
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/product/computer/
Europe: http://www.yamaha-yste.com/
The drive does not power up.
● Is the 4-pin power cable from the computer’s power supply attached
correctly?
The CRW2100E drive is not recognized.
● Is the 4-pin power cable from the computer’s power supply attached correctly,
and does the drive power up? Also, is the IDE cable connected correctly?
If the system has started up normally, you will be able to see the CRW2100E
drive listed in Control Panel | System | Device Manager tab. The drive will
be listed when you double-click on CDROM. (→P. 24)
● When you turn on the power to the computer, make sure that the drive
name, CRW2100E, appears while Windows is starting up. If the name does
not appear, check the cable connections for the CRW2100E drive.
● Check to see if there are any problems with other IDE devices.
Some problems may occur in the multiple-IDE device system due to
incompatibilities between the IDE devices and the computer, device drivers,
data transfer speed, or other reasons. Make sure that the CRW2100E drive is
recognized by the computer by temporarily removing other IDE devices from
the system.
● Are the pins and holes on the IDE connectors straight and not deformed?
Check the connectors.
● To write to CD-R/RW discs, your CD writing software must support the
CRW2100E drive.
To find out if it does, contact the manufacturer of your CD writing software.
The disc tray does not come out.
● Is the CRW2100E drive powered up?
● Some CD writing software will lock the disc tray once loaded.
In which case, use the eject command from within the software.
Alternatively, read the manual that came with the software.
28
Troubleshooting
The disc keeps being ejected.
● Has the disc been placed on the disc tray correctly?
The drive does not operate correctly.
● Is the disc compatible with the CRW2100E drive?
● Is there dust on the disc tray or on the disc itself?
● Does the computer have a sufficient power supply?
The CRW2100E drive has a power consumption of 11W (when reading and
writing).
● Does your computer have several different CD writing software installed?
If you use more than one CD writing software simultaneously, the behavior of
the drive can become unpredictable.
● Is the CRW2100E drive connected to a high-speed device, such as a hard disk
drive?
If you connect two devices with quite different speeds using the same cable,
operation may become unstable.
The drive ejects or fails to read the disc, or the front panel LED remains
lit in orange after the disc has been loaded (meaning that the disc has
not been recognized). (→P. 34)
● Disconnect the IDE cable from the drive but leave the power cable connected,
then load a disc.
● There may be problems with the disc itself. If the drive fails to recognize a
variety of discs including audio CDs, CD-ROMs and blank CD-R/RW discs
(the front panel LED remains lit in orange after a disc inserted), you should
contact your nearest Yamaha dealer.
Errors occur when writing a disc at a high speed directly from a separate
CD-ROM drive to the CRW2100E drive.
● One possible reason is that the CD-ROM drive is not suitable. Please use a
high-speed CD-ROM drive. However, for various reasons, you may still
encounter errors even if you are using a 32X-speed or faster CD-ROM drive.
Therefore, before attempting high-speed writing from another CD-ROM drive,
you should check that it is possible to do so by testing before writing.
29
Troubleshooting
The “Buffer Underrun” error message is displayed.
● Try the following:
• Lower the writing speed setting.
• Create an image file of the CD on the computer’s hard disk.
• Defragment the hard disk.
• Turn hard disk power management off.
• Deactivate the Active Desktop (if you are using Internet Explorer 4 or 5).
• Disable network access.
• Close other applications (including screen savers, task schedulers, etc.).
n Errors can occur if you knock the CRW2100E drive while it is writing to disc.
n When using packet writing on a CD-RW disc, the actual data capacity is 100MB less
than that stated on the cover of the disc. The difference in capacity is dependent on
the writing mode.
30
Appendix
Writing Modes
Disc-at-Once (DAO)
This mode is used when writing a complete disc in a single pass without pausing.
Data cannot be added later, even if the full capacity of the blank disc has not been
used.
Example: General CD-ROM
0
650MB
Data
Track 1
Any remaining space
cannot be used
Session 1
Lead-in
Lead-out
Example: Audio CD
0
Audio
650MB
Audio
Audio
Audio
Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
Audio
Audio
Track 4 Track 5
Audio
Track 6 Track 7
Any remaining space
cannot be used
Session 1
Lead-in
Lead-out
n The lead-in and lead-out areas signify the beginning and end points of a session. They
are not part of the data but contain information about the session itself. Basically, a
session consists of a lead-in, data, and a lead-out.
Track-at-Once (TAO)
This mode is used when writing data to a disc one track at a time. More tracks
can be added later if there is enough space left on the disc. This is why Track-atOnce mode is sometimes referred to as Multisession.
0
Lead-in
650MB
Data
Data
Data
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Session 1
Session 2
Session 3
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Any remaining space
can be used
Lead-out
n Only the first session of a multisession disc can be played back on a conventional audio
CD player. Single session discs can be played back completely.
31
Appendix
Session-at-Once (SAO)
As a writing method that combines the advantages of the above-mentioned “Discat-Once” and “Track-at-Once,” you can combine multiple tracks into one session
and write them, and then add additional data.
For example, this is the writing method used to create a CD EXTRA format CD.
The music tracks will be recorded in the first session, and the data will be
recorded in the second session.
0
650MB
Audio
Audio
Audio
Data
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Track 4
Session 1
Lead-in
Session 2
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Lead-out
32
Appendix
About the firmware
Firmware is a small piece of software built into the CRW2100E drive, and is used to
operate the drive. Since it resides in flash memory, it can be overwritten and
updated. To ensure more reliable operations and enhanced performance of the
drive, updates to the firmware will be made available. You can find information
about the most recent firmware for the drive on YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web
site.
URL for YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web sites:
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/product/computer/
Europe: http://www.yamaha-yste.com/
The most recent user support information, including firmware updates, can be
found in the YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web site. Please check this information
regularly.
Determining the firmware version of the CRW2100E drive
(in Windows 95/98/98 Second Edition)
Go to Control Panel | System | Device Manager tab, double-click on CDROM,
then double-click on YAMAHA CRW2100E.
The firmware
revision indicated
here varies
depending on the
software version
of the drive.
* This is a screen shown in the
Windows 98 Second Edition
environment.
n When using Windows NT, you can verify by opening the “Control Panel,” doubleclicking on “SCSI Adapter” and clicking the “Devices” tab. Then right-click on
“YAMAHA CRW2100E” and select “Properties.”
n On Windows 2000, the firmware version will not be displayed. Use your writing
software to check the firmware version.
33
Appendix
LED Indicator Messages
The CRW2100E drive properly installed inside the computer will indicate the
following LED messages while the drive (and the computer) is turned on.
Indicator Messages
Status
LED Color
Ready (with disc)
Green
Ready (no disc)
Orange
Tray operation (opening/closing)
Green
—
Tray fully opened
Reading disc information (TOC)
Green
Initial access in writing
Orange
Writing (test mode)
Orange
Writing
Orange
Reading
Green
Playing
Green
Power saving (combined with
the computer's power saving)
—
Failure
: Lit
Orange
: Blinking (constant)
: Flashing (inconstant)
: Blinking fast (constant) —: Out
CRW2100E Specifications
Supported Formats
CD-DA
CD-G
CD TEXT
CD-ROM (*1)
Mixed Mode CD-ROM
(CD-ROM+CD-DA)
CD-ROM XA (*1)
Photo CD (*1)
Video CD
CD-i
CD EXTRA (*1)
*1: includes multisession
Write
●
●
●
●
Read
●
●
●
●
●
●
● (*4)
●
● (*2)(*3)
●
●
●
●
●
●
● (*3)
●
● (*4)
● (*4)
● (*4)
No
● (*4)
*2: suitable disc required
*3: suitable application
software required
Play
● (*4)
No
●
●
*4: suitable application software
required for playback
Note) Excludes ADPCM Encode/Decode & Video Encode/Decode functions.
34
Appendix
Writing Methods
Writing/Reading Speed
Disc-at-Once (DAO)
Session-at-Once (SAO)
Track-at-Once (TAO)
Packet Writing
Writing CD-R
CD-RW
1X, 2X, 4X, 8X, 12X (CLV)
16X (12X – 16X Partial CAV)
2X, 4X, 8X (CLV)
10X (4X – 10X Full CAV)
Reading 40X (max.) Full CAV
Note) • DATA: 40X (max.)
• CD-DA: 40X (max.) in audio extraction
• CD-DA: 1X only in audio play
• Video CD: 10X (max.)
• Session closed disc: 40X (max.)
• Session unclosed disc: 12X (max.)
CD-R
1X, 2X, 4X, 8X, 12X, 16X (12X – 16X Partial CAV) writing:
Write Once discs specified in Orange Book Part II Ver. 3.1.
Note) Use a “high-speed writing” compatible CD-R disc for 8X
or faster writing.
CD-RW • 2X writing/rewriting: Rewritable discs specified in Orange
Book Part III Volume 1 Version 1.0.
• 2X or 4X writing/rewriting: Rewritable discs speciafied in
Orange Book Part III Volume 1 Version 2.0.
• 4X, 8X, 10X (4X – 10X Full CAV) writing/rewriting:
Rewritable discs speciafied in Orange Book Part III Volume 2
Version 1.0.
Data Capacity
700MB (79 min.)
650MB (74 min.)
550MB (63 min.)
Data Transfer Rate (Mode 1)
1X: 150KB/sec.
2X: 300KB/sec.
4X: 600KB/sec.
8X: 1,200KB/sec.
10X: 1,500KB/sec.
Burst Transfer Rate
• Programmed I/O mode 4: 16.7MB/sec.
• Multiword DMA mode 2: 16.7MB/sec.
• Ultra DMA mode 1: 25MB/sec.
Data Buffer Size
8MB (3,224 sectors)
Average Random Access Time
160 msec. (reading)
Sector Size
2,048 – 2,352 bytes
Interface
Enhanced IDE(E-IDE)/ATAPI
Installing style
Horizontal
Disc Loading Type
Front auto-loading tray loading
35
12X: 1,800KB/sec.
16X: 2,400KB/sec.
24X: 3,600KB/sec.
32X: 4,800KB/sec.
40X: 6,000KB/sec.
Appendix
Audio Out
Analog audio output
Frequency range: 20 – 20,000 Hz
Output level: 700mVrms
Digital audio output
Power Consumption
11W (when writing or reading)
4W (standby - during disc spindown)
1W (sleep - combined with the computer’s power saving)
Power Supply
5V DC ±5%
12V DC ±10%
Operating Environment
Temperature +5 – +40°C
Humidity
25 – 80% RH (no condensation)
Dimension
Width: 148.0 mm
Height: 42.6 mm
Depth: 198.1 mm
Weight
0.9 kg
The CRW2100E series complies with the following specifications
Country / Region
USA
Category
Safety
Compliance Specifications
Standards
Item
Electrical
UL1950
Details
Information Technology
Equipment
Laser
21CFR1040.10
FDA Chapter 1,
Subchapter J
Class 1 Laser Product
EMC
Emission
47CFR15
FCC Part 15, Subpart B
Class B Computing Device
Canada
Safety
Electrical
CSA C22.2 No. 950
Information Technology
Equipment
EMC
Safety
Emission
Electrical
ICES-003
EN60950
Class B Computing Device
EU
EMC
Laser
Immunity
EN60825
EN55024
Australia
New Zealand
EMC
Emission
Emission
EN55022
AS/NZ 3548
Japan
Taiwan
EMC
EMC
Emission
Emission
VCCI
CNS13438
Information Technology
Equipment
Class 1 Laser Product
Residential, Commercial and
Light Industrial Areas
Class B Equipment
Class B Equipment
Class B Equipment
Information Technology
Equipment
36
Appendix
Index
Symbols
J
4-pin power cable ............................... 20
4-pin power connector ....................... 13
jitter value ......................................... 1, 2
jumper switches .............................. 7, 15
A
L
additional drive ................................... 11
ANALOG AUDIO OUT connector .. 7, 19
audio cable ................................... 13, 19
lead-in ................................................ 31
lead-out .............................................. 31
LED ................................................ 6, 34
Loading a disc ..................................... 26
Long-Nosed Pliers ................................. 5
lug ...................................................... 19
B
Buffer Underrun .............................. 3, 31
C
CD-DA .................................................. 5
CD-R discs ............................................ 4
CD-RW discs ........................................ 4
CSEL ..................................................... 7
M
D
P
Manual Eject hole ........................... 6, 27
MASTER ......................................... 7, 13
Multisession ........................................ 31
Data CD ................................................ 5
DC INPUT connector ...................... 7, 20
Device Manager ............................ 24, 33
DIGITAL AUDIO OUT connector ......... 7
Disc tray ............................................... 6
Disc-at-Once (DAO) ........................... 31
DMA ................................................... 25
packet ................................................. 32
Packet Writing .................................... 32
paper clip ............................................ 27
Partial CAV ........................................... 2
Phillips Screwdriver .............................. 5
primary ......................................... 13, 18
Pure-Phase Laser System ................... 1, 2
E
R
Eject button .......................................... 6
Ejecting a disc in an emergency .......... 27
Ejecting a disc ..................................... 26
extracting digital audio data .................. 1
rear panel .............................................. 7
replacement drive ............................... 11
Running OPC ................................... 1, 2
S
F
Headphone jack .................................... 6
Headphone volume control ................... 6
High Speed CD-RW discs ..................... 4
secondary ..................................... 13, 18
serial number ........................................ 9
Session-at-Once (SAO) ....................... 32
shunt .................................................. 15
SLAVE ....................................... 7, 13, 15
sound card .......................................... 19
static charge ........................................ 10
Sync data transfer ............................... 25
I
T
firmware ............................................. 33
front panel ............................................ 6
H
IDE ............................................... 13, 14
IDE cable ...................................... 13, 18
IDE INTERFACE connector .................. 7
37
Track-at-Once (TAO) .......................... 31
V
Video CD .............................................. 5
Distributors and Head Offices / Vertriebs- und Hauptgeschäftsstelle
Distributeurs et sièges sociaux / Distribuidores y Casas matrices
If you have any questions, please contact your dealer or one of the following companies.
Bei weiteren Fragen wenden Sie sich Sitte an Ihren Händler oder eine der folgenden
Firmen.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur
le plus proche figurant dans la liste suivante :
Si tiene alguna pregunta, por favor póngase en contacto con su distribuidor o una de las
siguientes empresas:
EUROPE, EASTERN EUROPE and
RUSSIA
Yamaha EUROPA GmbH
Yamaha Systems Technology EUROPE
Siemensstrasse 22-34,
D-25462 Rellingen, GERMANY
URL: http://www.yamaha-yste.com/
TEL: +80092624222
(AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, DENMARK, FINLAND,
FRANCE, GERMANY, HUNGARY, ICELAND,
IRELAND, ITALY, LUXEMBOURG,
NETHERLANDS, NORWAY, PORTUGAL,
SPAIN, SWEDEN, SWITZERLAND, UNITED
KINGDOM)
TEL: +80093067
(MONACO)
If you are calling from outside the countries mentioned
above, or if you can’t get through on the Yamaha tollfree number, use the following number instead:
TEL: +3214400793
U.S.A.
Yamaha Corporation of America
Consumer Products Division
6600 Orangethorpe Ave.
Buena Park, CA 90620, U.S.A.
TEL: +1 714 522 9011
FAX: +1 714 228 3913
URL: http://www.yamaha.com/
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough,
Ontario M1S 3R1, CANADA
TEL: +1 416 298 1331
FAX: +1 416 292 0732
URL: http://www.yamaha.ca/
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia Pty., Ltd.
Level 1, 99 Queensbridge Street
Southbank, Victoria 3006
AUSTRALIA
TEL: +61 3 9693 5111
FAX: +61 3 9699 2332
SINGAPORE, MALAYSIA,
THAILAND, PHILIPPINES, INDIA,
VIETNAM, CAMBODIA, MYANMAR,
INDONESIA and IRAN
Yamaha Electronics Asia Pte Ltd.
138 Cecil Street
#05-02/03 Cecil Court, Singapore 069538
SINGAPORE
TEL: +65 223 3992
FAX: +65 223 9810
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
11F, No.150, Tun Hua North Rd.
Taipei,TAIWAN R.O.C.
TEL: +886 2 2713 8999
FAX: +886 2 2713 8666
URL: http://www.yamahakhs.com/
JAPAN
Yamaha Corporation
AV & IT Business Group
IT Sales & Marketing Division
203 Matsunokijima, Toyooka-mura, Iwata-gun,
Shizuoka-ken, 438-0192 JAPAN
TEL: +81 539 62 6558
FAX: +81 539 62 5346
URL: http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/