8424S_e.qx
9/8/99
3:40 PM
Page 1
CD-R/RW Drive
CRW8424E
SERIES
OWNER’S MANUAL
BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG
MODE D’EMPLOI
MANUAL DE INSTRUCCIONES
COMPLIANCE INFORMATION STATEMENT
(DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY PROCEDURE)
Responsible Party:
Address:
Telephone:
FAX:
Type of Equipment:
Model Name:
Yamaha Systems Technology, Inc.
100 Century Center Court
San Jose, California 95112
(408) 467-2330
(408) 437-8791
CD Recordable/Rewritable Drive
CRW8424E
CRW8424E-NB
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following conditions:
1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2) this device must accept any interference received including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
See user manual instructions if interference to radio reception is suspected.
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements.
Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables.
Cable/s supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void
your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class
“B” digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product
in a residential environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses
radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause
interference harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that
interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, which can be determined
by turning the product “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change
the lead-in to coaxial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this
type of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Systems Technology, Inc. 100 Century
Center Court, San Jose, CA95112, U.S.A.
Laser Diode Properties
Material: GaAlAs
Wavelength: 782-789 nm
Emission Duration: Continuous
Laser Output Power: Less than 44.6 µW*
* This output is value measured at a distance
200mm from the objective lens surface on the
optical pick-up block.
ANSI Class : Class 1
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
LASER KLASSE 1 PRODUKT
LUOKAN 1 LASERLAITE
PRODUIT LASER DE CLASSE 1
This device is classified as a CLASS 1
LASER product.
The CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
label must be located on the exterior.
CAUTION : INVISIBLE LASER RADIATION WHEN OPEN. AVOID EXPOSURE TO BEAM.
VORSICHT : UNSICHTBARE LASERSTRAHLUNG WENN ABDECKUNG GEOFFNET.
NICHT DEM STRAHL AUSSETZEN.
VARNING : OSYNLIG LASERSTRÅLNING NÄR DENNA DEL ÄR ÖPPNAD OCH
SPÄRREN ÄR URKOPPLAD. BETRAKTA EJ STRÅLEN. STRÅLEN ÄR FARLIG.
VARO!
: AVATAESSA JA SUOJALUKITUS OHITETTAESSA OLET ALTTINA
NÄKYMÄTTÖMÄLLE LASERSÄTEILYLLE. ÄLÄ KATSO SÄTEESEEN.
ADVARSEL: USYNLIG LASERSTRALNING VED ÅBNING NÅR SIKKERHETSAFBRYDERE ER UDE AF FUNKTION. UNDGÅ UDSETTELSE FOR STRÅLNING,
Warning instruction for laser radiation.
Varningsanvisning för laserstrålning.
CAUTION
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of
procedures other than those specified herein may result
in hazardous radiation exposure.
VAROITUS
LAITTEEN KÄYTTÄMINEN MUULLA KUIN TÄSSÄ
KÄYTTÖOHJEESA MAINITULLA TAVALLA SAATTAA
ALTISTAA KÄYTTÄJÄN TURVALLISUUSLUOKAN 1
YLITTÄVÄLLE NÄKYMÄTTÖMÄLLE
LASERSÄTEILYLLE.
ADVARSEL
USYNLIG LASERSTRÅLING VED ÅBNING.
UNDGÅ UDSAETTELSE FOR STRÅLING.
VARNING
OM APPARATEN ANVÄNDS PÅ ANNAT SÄTT ÄN I
DENNABRUKSANVISNING SPECIFICERATS, KAN
ANVÄNDAREN UTSÄTTAS FÖR OSYNLIG
LASERSTRÅLNING, SOM ÖVERSKRIDER GRÄNSEN
FÖR LASERKLASS 1.
CRW8424E
SERIES
OWNER’S MANUAL
i
English
CD-R/RW Drive
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING
These precautions explain how to use the device correctly and safely, thereby preventing injury to yourself or to
others. This section has been sub-divided into a WARNING section and a CAUTION section, according to the
likelihood and nature of any potential injuries or damage inflicted. They relate to your personal safety, and also
help you minimize the risk of damaging the device. Please read these sections carefully before proceeding.
WARNING
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even
death from electrical shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions
include, but are not limited to, the following:
Do not open the device or attempt to disassemble or modify it.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock or fire. The device contains no user-serviceable parts.
If it appears to be malfunctioning, have it inspected by qualified service personnel.
Do not look inside the device.
If you expose your eyes to the laser inside the device, you risk damage or loss of your vision.
Do not insert fingers or foreign objects into the device.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of personal injury, electrical shock, damage to the device or fire. Please
take particular care if small children are present.
Do not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions or place containers on it that
contain liquids which might spill into any openings.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, fire or personal injury.
Follow the Owner’s Manual carefully.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of personal injury, electrical shock, fire or damage to the unit. Follow the
correct procedure when setting up the device.
If unusual smells, sounds or smoke emanate from the device or if liquids enter the device, switch the computer
off immediately and unplug it from the power outlet.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, fire or damage to the device. Return the device
immediately to the store at which it was purchased or alternatively, to the nearest Yamaha Service Center
(listed at the back of this manual).
Make sure the computer is electrically grounded
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock.
When opening up the computer, always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet. Do not touch the plug
with wet hands.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock.
When used in a fan-cooled system, the drive should not be exposed to temperatures outside the range 5 ~
40°C (41 ~ 104°F).
ii
CAUTION
Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to
yourself or others, or damage to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but
are not limited to, the following:
Always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet if it will not be used for a prolonged period of time or if
there is a risk of lightning.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of electrical shock, short-circuiting or fire.
Do not expose the device to excessive heat or vibrations or extreme cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight or
near a heater).
Otherwise, the front panel may become disfigured or the internal components may be damaged.
Do not use the device near other electrical products such as televisions, radios or speakers.
Otherwise, this may cause interference which can affect the proper operation of those other products.
Do not place the device in an unstable position.
Otherwise, it may accidentally fall down and be damaged or cause personal injury.
Mount the device horizontally.
Otherwise, written data may be destroyed. Set the device up according to the instructions in the Owner’s
Manual.
Always remove the disc from the tray before transporting the device.
Otherwise, written data may be destroyed.
When cleaning the device, never use benzene, paint thinners, detergents or chemical-impregnated wiping
cloths. Also, do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the device.
Otherwise, the device may be damaged or its front panel may become discolored. Use a soft, dry cloth to
wipe the device.
Do not rest your weight on or place heavy objects on the device and do not use excessive force on the
buttons, switches or connectors.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of damage to the device or personal injury.
Do not listen to audio with headphones at high volume and for prolonged periods of time.
Otherwise, there is an increased risk of hearing loss.
Before using the device, set the volume dial to its lowest setting.
Otherwise, sudden bursts of sound can cause hearing loss.
Do not place the device near sources of magnetic interference, such as computer displays.
Magnetic interference can affect the operation and stability of the device.
Have the device serviced regularly.
Otherwise, dust can build up inside the device, increasing the risk of fire or damage. For information about
servicing charges, contact the store at which the device was purchased or alternatively, the nearest Yamaha
Service Center (listed at the back of this manual). The device should be serviced about once a year.
iii
About CD-R/RW discs
Please read the following regarding the handling of CD-R/RW discs.
1. Do not expose discs to excessive heat or vibrations or extreme cold or heat (such as in
direct sunlight or near a heater).
2. Do not touch disc surfaces.
When handling a disc, hold it by its edges.
3. Remove dust and dirt from disc surfaces.
Use air-based dust removers. The surfaces may be scratched if wiped with a dry cloth.
4. Do not write or stick labels on disc surfaces except where indicated.
5. Do not clean discs with chemicals or detergents.
6. Do not bend or drop discs.
1. The information contained in this manual is subject to change
without prior notice.
2. All trademarks contained in this manual belong to their
respective owners.
3. Yamaha does not bear any responsibility for any outcome as
a result of using this device.
4. Reproduction of this manual, either in part or in full, is expressly forbidden.
Precautions for Transportation
Before transporting the device, always place the transportation pad on the disc tray and put
the device back in its original box . If the device is transported without adequate packing, the
internal components may be damaged and cause the device to malfunction.
Distributing Discs
When writing important data or preparing data for distribution to others, make sure that the
disc can be read properly before writing duplicates.
Copyrights
When writing to CD-R/RW, make sure that you are not infringing any copyrights. It is illegal
to copy audio CDs for non-personal use. When backing up software, please make sure that
you are not infringing any software copyrights for that product.
Warranty
YAMAHA AND SUPPLIERS ACCEPT NO LIABILITY FOR THE LOSS OF ANY DATA OR
ANY PROBLEMS CAUSED AS A RESULT. AS A PRECAUTION, IT IS RECOMMENDED
THAT THE DISCS BE TESTED AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN WRITTEN TO. FURTHERMORE, UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES DOES YAMAHA AND SUPPLIERS GUARANTEE
THE RELIABILITY OF THE DISCS.
iv
Table of Contents
Setup Flowchart ............................................................................................. 1
Introduction ..................................................................................................... 2
Features of the CRW8424E Drive ..................................................... 2
System Configuration ................................................................................. 3
Computer ......................................................................................... 3
Software ............................................................................................ 3
Discs ................................................................................................. 4
Tools ................................................................................................. 5
Front and Rear of Unit.................................................................................. 6
Front Panel ........................................................................................ 6
Rear Panel ......................................................................................... 7
Installation ....................................................................................................... 8
First Steps .......................................................................................... 8
Installing the CRW8424E Drive ....................................................... 9
Operation ........................................................................................................ 24
Loading a Disc ................................................................................ 24
Ejecting the Disc ............................................................................. 24
Ejecting a Disc in an Emergency ..................................................... 25
Troubleshooting ......................................................................................... 26
Appendix ......................................................................................................... 29
Writing Modes ................................................................................ 29
About the firmware ......................................................................... 31
LED Indicator Messages .................................................................. 32
CRW8424E Specifications .............................................................. 33
Index ............................................................................................... 35
©1999 Yamaha Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
This document may not, in whole or in part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced,
translated, transmitted or reduced to any electronic medium of machine readable form
without prior consent in writing from Yamaha.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective companies.
v
Setup Flowchart
This flowchart shows the procedure for setting up the CRW8424E drive. For easy
cross-referencing, the relevant pages in this manual are also given.
STEP Set up the CRW8424E drive
1
1. Remove the outer casing of computer. (P.10)
2. Set the jumper switches (P.14)
3. Fit the drive into the computer (P.15)
STEP Check that the CRW8424E
2
drive is recognized correctly
Go to Control Panel | System | Device Manager
tab. Double-click on CDROM to check that the
drive is recognized correctly by the computer’s
OS. (P.23)
STEP Install the CD writing software
3
For details about how to install the software,
refer to the documentation that came with it.
STEP Start using the CRW8424E
4
drive!
Use the drive to create audio CDs, to back up
data on your hard disk, or for whatever purpose
suits your needs.
1
Introduction
Features of the CRW8424E Drive
8X Speed Writing to CD-R, 4X Speed Writing to CD-RW and 24X
Speed Reading
The CRW8424E drive can write to CD-R at 8X, 6X, 4X or 1X speed and write/
overwrite to CD-RW at 4X or 2X speed. It can also read data at up to 24X speed.
Supports a Wide Range of CD Formats
The CRW8424E drive can read from and write to CD-ROM in standard ISO9660
format and to audio CD in CD-DA format. You can use the drive for a wide variety
of purposes, such as backing up data, writing your own audio CDs and creating
multimedia titles (using CD-Extra mode). Just choose the writing/reading format
that suits your needs. For more details, refer to page 4.
Supports all Four CD Writing Modes
These modes are Disc-at-Once (the disc is written in a single pass without pausing, as
used for audio CDs and in premastering), Track-at-Once (data can be written incrementally to disc one track at a time), Session-at-Once (each session is written in a
single pass without pausing), and Packet Writing (data can be written to disc in small
increments just like with a floppy or hard disk). For more details, refer to page 29.
2
System Configuration
In order to use the CRW8424E drive, your computer system will need to meet the
following set of requirements.
Computer
The minimum system requirements for using the CRW8424E drive are as follows:
Any fully PC/AT-compatible computer.
A Pentium-class or higher CPU running at 200MHz or faster.
OS: Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 SE (Second Edition), or Windows
NT4.0 with Service Pack 3/4/5.
A 5.25-inch drive bay for mounting the drive (if the CRW8424E is expanded)
Software
The software requirements for using the CRW8424E drive are as follows:
CD writing software. This software must support the CRW8424E drive for
writing to CD-R or CD-RW.
For details about how to install and use the software, refer to the documentation that
came with it.
When temporarily storing data on a hard disk prior to writing to CD-R/RW, you
will need an extra area of 50 ~ 100MB free hard disk space. When creating an
image file of the data on hard disk before writing to CD-R/RW, you will need as
much hard disk space as the original data, plus an extra 50 ~ 100MB. However,
this extra area is not needed when backing up directly from CD-ROM.
Data is written to disc much more reliably when writing from an image file, eliminating the likelihood of errors occurring. Furthermore, this solution is ideal when
making multiple copies of discs since the original data is backed up to hard disk as an
image file.
3
System Configuration
Discs
The CRW8424E drive is compatible with discs that meet the following specifications:
CD-R discs:
Use discs that conform to the Orange Book Part 2 standards. When writing to
CD-R at 6X or faster speed, you should use discs designed for high-speed
recording.
CD-RW discs:
Use discs that conform to the Orange Book Part 3 standards. When writing to
CD-RW at 4X speed, you should use discs designed for high-speed recording.
Read-only discs:
You can read from any CD-ROM discs that conform to the Yellow Book standard, and which bear the
logo. You can also play back any CD-DA (audio)
discs that conform to the Red Book standards, and which bear the
logo.
The Orange Book standard defines how all recordable discs (including CD-R and
CD-RW) are written. Part 2 of the Orange Book standard relates to CD-R discs and
Part 3 to CD-RW discs. The standard was named after the color of the book’s pages.
Similarly, the Red Book standard relates to audio (CD-DA) discs and the Yellow Book
standard relates to CD-ROM discs.
About CD-ROM
A CD-ROM disc is a compact disc containing high-density read-only data. It has many
applications, including the playback of music and video, the archiving of data, as well as
on-line documentation. The following are descriptions of each CD-ROM format:
CD-DA:
Up to 74 minutes of stereo audio is written in 16-bit resolution at a
sampling rate of 44.1kHz (for a 74 minutes disc).
Data CD:
Up to 650 megabytes of computer data is stored in standard ISO9660
format.
Video-CD: These hold movies in which the video and audio data has been compressed
using MPEG-1 technology.
4
System Configuration
Tools
You will need the following tools at hand when installing the CRW8424E drive.
Phillips Screwdriver
You will need to use this when removing the cover of your computer and when
mounting the drive. You may also need to temporarily remove the sound card to
gain access to the CD audio connectors. In which case a small screw retaining the
sound card’s face plate has to be removed.
Make sure your screwdriver’s head is the correct size for the screws you need to
remove.
Long-Nosed Pliers
You will need these to insert or remove the plastic shunts when setting the jumper
switches at the back of the CRW8424E drive.
5
Front and Rear of Unit
Front Panel
The CRW8424E drive’s front panel features the following:
Manual Eject hole
Only use this if no other
method is available for
unloading a disc.
Disc tray
The tray is used to hold the disc.
It slides out from the drive unit when
a disc needs to be loaded or unloaded.
Headphone
jack
You can
connect stereo
headphones to
this stereo mini
jack and listen
to audio CDs
loaded in the
drive.
Eject button
Press this button when you need
to unload a disc. Remove the
disc after the tray has opened.
Headphone
volume control
Adjust this control
to set a suitable
volume level when
listening to an
audio CD using
the headphone
jack. Slide the
knob to the left to
decrease the
volume and to the
right to increase it.
ON/DISC LED
This LED is
orange when
the drive is
powered on,
and green when
the drive
contains a disc.
6
READ/WRITE LED
This LED is green
when data is being
read off a disc, and
orange when data is
being written. It
flashes on and off
intermittently when
the disc is being
accessed.
Front and Rear of Unit
Rear Panel
The CRW8424E drive’s rear panel features the following:
IDE connector
Insert the connector of the IDE cable
here. Make sure you align the red line
of the ribbon cable with pin 1 of the
drive’s connector, marked “IDE
INTERFACE CONNECTOR 1.”
AUDIO OUT
R G L
AUDIO OUT
connector
Connect one end
of the 4-pin audio
cable to this and
the other end to
your computer’s
sound card or
built-in audio.
IDE
INTERFACE
CONNECTOR
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
IO OUT
G L
1
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
DC INPUT
+5V
G +12V
DC INPUT
connector
Insert the power
connector from
your computer’s
power supply in
this socket to
feed power to the
drive.
1 MASTER jumper switch (default setting)
Plug a plastic shunt into this jumper switch if you
are connecting the master CRW8424E using an
IDE cable.
2 SLAVE jumper switch
Plug a plastic shunt into this jumper switch if you
are connecting the slave CRW8424E using an IDE
cable.
3 CSEL jumper switch
If your computer supports the CSEL function, plug
a plastic shunt into this jumper switch to have the
computer automatically select master or slave for
the CRW8424E.
Yamaha recommends that you connect only the master CRW8424E to a secondary
IDE cable.
Usually, use the MASTER or SLAVE jumper switch because the CSEL function may
sometimes create a conflict. Refer to the documentation that came with your
computer to check whether the computer supports the CSEL function.
7
Installation
This section provides a step-by-step guide for installing the CRW8424E drive. Make
sure you have all the necessary tools.
First Steps
Once you have taken the CRW8424E drive out of its packaging, you should
immediately note down the serial number shown on the top of the drive together
with a barcode. You may need to refer to this number when requesting User Support
services. In the box below the following diagram, write down the 10-character serial
number (consisting of 3 letters followed by 7 digits).
Drive’s serial number
(3 letters + 7 digits)
Serial No.
8
Installation
Installing the CRW8424E Drive
You can install the CRW8424E drive in one of two ways:
As an additional drive
If the casing of your computer has a spare 5.25-inch drive bay available, such as
with many tower-type designs, you can install the CRW8424E drive in addition
to the computer’s existing CD-ROM drive.
CRW8424E
As a replacement drive
If the casing of your computer does not have a spare 5.25-inch drive bay available,
such as with many desktop-type designs, you can replace the computer’s existing
CD-ROM drive with the CRW8424E drive.
CD-ROM drive
CRW8424E
You cannot replace the computer’s existing CD-ROM drive with the CRW8424E
using the existing cable if the drive is a SCSI type. In this case, use an included IDE
cable to connect the CRW8424E.
9
Installation
Connecting the CRW8424E Drive
The following steps explain how to install the CRW8424E as a secondary master on
the tower computer for expansion or replacement.
1 Power down your computer and unplug it from
the AC outlet.
If you proceed without doing this, you run
the risk of receiving an electric shock and/or
short-circuiting and damaging components,
including the CRW8424E drive.
2 Remove the outer casing of the computer. If
you need to remove screws in the process,
make sure you don’t lose them.
The method for removing the casing and fitting
the drive in the drive bay can vary depending on
the manufacturer. Refer to the documentation
that came with your computer for further details.
3 Touch a metal part of the computer’s Drain any static charge
chassis or power supply unit to drain
any static charge that may have built
up inside your body. Alternatively,
you can wear an anti-static grounding
(earthing) wrist strap.
You can permanently damage
equipment if you touch it while
there is any static charge in your
body.
10
Installation
4 Remove the front cover of a vacant 5.25-inch drive bay slot
in the computer.
Additional Drive
When you finish this step, proceed to Step 7 on page 14.
Front panel
5.25-inch drive bay slot
Front cover
4 Remove the front panel of the computer.
Replacing Drive
Front panel
5.25-inch drive bay slot
11
Installation
About IDE 1
Additional Drive
IDE (Enhanced IDE/E-IDE) is one of the standards applied to the connection
between personal computers and their peripherals.
A computer motherboard provides two IDE connectors (primary and secondary). (Although, some motherboards provide only a primary connector.)
You may connect up to two IDE devices (hard disk, CD-ROM, or CD-R drives)
to the connectors using an IDE cable. One of the devices connected via the IDE
cable is called “master” and the other called “slave.”
IDE connectors
on the motherboard
IDE device
(slave)
PRIMARY IDE
IDE cable
(primary)
SECONDARY IDE
IDE cable (secondary)
IDE device
(master)
IDE device
(slave)
IDE device
(master)
5 Disconnect all the cables connected to the rear of the existing
CD-ROM drive, and also disconnect the audio cable from the
sound card or motherboard’s audio connector.
Replacing Drive
The existing CD-ROM drive in the computer is assumed to be an
IDE-type.
Audio cable
ANAL
OG
AUDIO
RGG
L
CABL
E SE
SLAV LECT
E
MAST
ER
39
40
HOST
INTERF
ACE
1
2
+5V
POWE
R
G G
+12V
IDE cable
4-pin power connector
12
Installation
About IDE 2
Yamaha recommends you connect only the CRW8424E as a secondary master.
Example-1
Additional Drive
IDE cable (primary)
(slave)
(master)
CD-ROM Drive e.t.c.
Hard Disk
Remove the CD-ROM drive e.t.c.
to replace it with the CRW8424E
IDE cable (Secondary)
No Device
(slave)
Example-2
IDE cable (primary)
IDE cable (Secondary)
CRW8424E
(master)
(slave)
(master)
IDE device
Hard Disk
No device
(slave)
If you disconnect the IDE
device and re-connect it to
another location, other
devices connected to the
IDE cable may become slow
in processing, unstable, or
inoperative.
CD-ROM Drive e.t.c.
Connect.
CRW8424E
(master)
Connect.
Remove.
If the 40-pin IDE cable has
only one connector available
but you wish to re-connect
the IDE device (that you just
disconnected) to another
location, use a 40-pin IDE
cable that has two
connectors.
If you connect only one IDE
device to an IDE cable,
assign the device as a
master and connect it to the
end of the cable.
6 Remove the four screws holding the CD-ROM drive in place,
then slide the drive forward and out of the drive bay.
Before removing the CD-ROM drive from the computer, make
sure that all the cables have been removed from the CD-ROM
drive’s rear panel.
Replacing Drive
Do not force pulling or apply excessive force to the CD-ROM drive.
13
Installation
7 Set the CRW8424E as master.
Plug the included plastic shunt to the MASTER jumper switch on
the rear panel of the CRW8424E.
Rear Panel
AUDI
O OUT
R G
L
CSE
L
SLAV
MASTE
ER
1
IDE
INTE
CON RFACE
NEC
TOR
DC IN
PU T
+5V
G +
12V
CSEL
SLAVE
MASTER
R G L
Plastic shunt
Set to MASTER.
Jumper switches
The plastic shunts actually contain metal for bridging the two pins of a
jumper switch, creating an electrical connection between them when
attached. When removed, the jumper switch is set to “OFF.” Store
unused plastic shunts in a safe place where they will not be lost.
Use a pair of long-nosed pliers to attach or detach the
plastic shunts accordingly. However, make sure that the
computer is switched off when doing so.
14
Installation
8 Slide the drive backwards into the slot.
Additional Drive
Do not apply excessive force when sliding the drive back into the
drive bay slot.
8 Slide the CRW8424E drive backwards into the now-vacant
Replacing Drive
bay without applying excessive force.
15
Installation
9 Leave enough room behind the drive to connect the power,
Additional Drive
IDE and audio cables. Then tighten the four fastening screws
on the sides of the unit by hand to hold the drive in place.
9 Leave enough room behind the drive to connect the power,
Replacing Drive
IDE and audio cables. Then tighten the four fastening screws
on the sides of the unit by hand to hold the drive in place.
16
Installation
) Connect the IDE cable.
Connect the included 40-pin IDE cable to the secondary IDE
connector on the motherboard and to the IDE interface connector
on the rear panel of the CRW8424E. Be sure to plug in the cable so
that the colored line on the cable corresponds to pin #1 on the right
end of the connector.
Motherboard
Magnified IDE
connector
section
Secondary
(connector)
Primary
(connector)
Included IDE cable
AUDIO
OUT
R G
L
CSEL
SLAV
MASTE
ER
1
IDE
INTER
CONN FACE
ECTO
R
DC
+5 V INPUT
G +1
2V
1
Colored line
Included IDE cable
• If an IDE cable has already been connected to the secondary
IDE connector, replace it with the included IDE cable.
• If you wish to continue using the IDE device you just removed,
connect it to an available primary or secondary IDE connector.
• When you connect two IDE devices to one IDE cable, be sure
to assign them master or slave uniquely.
To make the best use of the performance of the CRW8424E, Yamaha
recommends you connect it as a sole secondary master.
17
Installation
! Connect the audio cable between the CRW8424E drive and the computer’s
sound card, or the motherboard’s audio connector if it has built-in audio.
One end of the audio cable has two connectors: a vertically-mounted type
(PH) and a horizontally-mounted type (MPC). Choose the one that matches
your sound card’s connector. The connector at other end of the cable is
connected to “AUDIO OUT” on the CRW8424E drive. Make sure the
connector’s lug is at the top.
Lug
AUDI
O OU
T
R G
L
CSEL
SLAV
MAS E
TER
1
IDE
INTE
RFAC
CONN
E
ECTO
R
DC IN
PU T
+5V
G +
12V
Audio cable
Horizontally-mounted
type (MPC)
Sound card
Vertically-mounted
type (PH)
You do not need to connect the audio cable to write audio CDs since the audio is
passed over the IDE bus. It is required to play¸ back audio CDs on the CRW8424E
drive via the computer’s sound card. However, if a CD-ROM drive is already
connected to the sound card, you should use this drive to play back your audio CDs.
To listen to audio CDs without a computer sound card, connect headphones or
speakers to the headphone jack on the CRW8424E drive’s front panel.
18
Installation
@ Connect a 4-pin power cable to the power supply connector of the
CRW8424E marked “DC INPUT.”
AUDI
O OU
T
R G
L
CSEL
SLAV
MASTE
ER
1
IDE
INTE
RFAC
CONN
E
ECTO
R
DC
+5V INPU T
G +
12V
Top
4-pin power cable
Bottom
There may be more than one 4-pin power cable available. Any one may be used.
These connectors are D-shaped so it is possible to connect the power cables in only
the correct orientation. Do not apply excessive force when making this connection.
19
Installation
# Tighten the four fastening screws on the side of the unit
Additional Drive
securely using a screwdriver.
# Tighten the four fastening screws on the side of the unit
Replacing Drive
securely using a screwdriver.
20
Installation
$ Attach the outer casing of the computer and any screws that
Additional Drive
were removed.
$ Attach the outer casing of the computer and any screws that
Replacing Drive
were removed.
21
Installation
Additional Drive
% Reconnect the computer to the AC outlet and power it up.
When you power up the computer, make sure both LEDs on the
panel of the CRW8424E light up together for brief moment.
Replacing Drive
% Reconnect the computer to the AC outlet and power it up.
When you power up the computer, make sure both LEDs on the
panel of the CRW8424E light up together for brief moment.
22
Installation
^ When using Windows 95/98/98SE, after
the computer’s operating system has
loaded, open the “Control Panel” and
double-click on the “System” icon. Select
the “Device Manager” tab and double-click
on “CD-ROM”. If the drive has been
correctly installed, it should be listed as
shown in the figure on the right.
When using Windows NT, you can verify by
opening the “Control Panel”, double-clicking
on “SCSI Adapter” and clicking the “Devices”
tab.
* This is a screen shown in the Windows 98
environment.
For more information on using the operating
system, refer to the documentation that came with the operating system.
If there is an
or
mark etc. next to the icon for the CRW8424E drive, this
means that it has not been installed correctly.
& When using Windows 95/98/98SE, follow Step
^ to open the “Device Manager” window,
then double-click the “YAMAHA CRW8424E”
icon to open the “YAMAHA CRW8424E
Properties” window, and click the “Settings”
tab to select it.
A screen similar to the one on the right
appears. Make sure that the “Sync data
transfer” check box is not checked. (There is
no need to set the “Sync data transfer” check
box if it does not appear.) Make sure that the
* This is a screen shown in the Windows 98
“DMA” check box is checked. If it is not
environment.
checked, left-click the box to select it. (If the
“DMA” check box does not appear, there is no need to set it since “DMA” is
internally selected.)
When using Windows NT, you can verify by opening the “Control Panel”, doubleclicking on “SCSI Adapter” and clicking the “Devices” tab. Then right-click on
“YAMAHA CRW8424E” and select Properties. You do not need to set the “Sync data
transfer” parameter, since it will not appear. If the “DMA” parameter appears, check
the “DMA” check box.
* Install the CD writing software.
Refer to the documentation that came with the CD writing software for further
details.
23
Operation
This section explains how to operate the CRW8424E drive after you have installed it.
You can load and eject a disc (as described below) only when the computer is powered on.
Loading a Disc
1
2
1 Press the Eject button on the CRW8424E drive’s front panel.
2 Place the disc onto the tray with its label or printing facing upward.
3 Press the Eject button to close the tray.
When a disc is loaded, the ON/DISC LED is lit up in orange first, then changes to
green. For more details, refer to page 32.
Do not push or pull the tray using excessive force. Doing so can damage the drive or
the disc. Instead, always use the Eject button to open or close the tray.
Ejecting the Disc
1
2
1 Press the Eject button on the CRW8424E drive’s front panel.
2 Remove the disc from the tray.
3 Press the Eject button to close the tray.
24
Operation
The disc tray will not open if the computer is not switched on. With the CRW8424E
powered on, pressing the Eject button will not open the disc tray if ATAPI commands
prohibit ejecting a disc, such as during reading data.
Remove the disc only after the disc tray has opened fully. Otherwise, you risk
damaging the drive or the disc.
Ejecting a Disc in an Emergency
If the disc tray fails to open for some reason, such as a power outage, you can open it
manually.
Manual Eject hole
Paper Clip
You should attempt to eject a disc manually only as a last resort. Malfunctions may occur if you do this too frequently.
1 Power down the computer.
2 Find a pin-like tool with a diameter of 2mm or less to fit through the
Manual Eject hole on the drive’s front panel.
A straightened paper clip is ideal for this purpose.
3 Push the tool gently into the Manual Eject hole until the spring-loaded
mechanism ejects the tray and disc.
25
Troubleshooting
Please also refer to the YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web site for more information.
YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drives web site URL:
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/product/computer/
The drive does not power up.
Is the 4-pin power cable from the computer’s power supply attached correctly?
The CRW8424E drive is not recognized.
Is the 4-pin power cable from the computer’s power supply attached correctly, and
does the drive power up? Also, is the IDE cable connected correctly?
If the system has started up normally, you will be able to see the CRW8424E
drive listed in Control Panel | System | Device Manager tab. The drive will be
listed when you double-click on CD-ROM. (→P. 23)
When you turn on the power to the computer, make sure that the drive name,
CRW8424E, appears while Windows is starting up. If the name does not appear,
check the cable connections for the CRW8424E.
Check to see if there are any problems with other IDE devices.
Some problems may occur in the multiple-IDE device system due to compatibility between the IDE devices and the computer, device drivers, data transfer speed,
or other reasons. Make sure that the CRW8424E is recognized by the computer
by temporarily removing other IDE devices from the system.
Are the pins and holes on the IDE connectors straight and not deformed? Check
the connectors.
To write to CD-R/RW discs, your CD writing software must support the
CRW8424E drive.
To find out if it does, contact the manufacturer of your CD writing software.
The disc tray does not come out.
Is the CRW8424E drive powered up?
Some CD writing applications will lock the disc tray once loaded.
In which case, use the eject command from within the application. Alternatively,
read the manual that came with the application.
26
Troubleshooting
The disc keeps being ejected.
Has the disc been placed on the disc tray correctly?
The drive does not operate correctly.
Is the disc compatible with the CRW8424E drive?
Is there dust on the disc tray or on the disc itself?
Does the computer have a sufficient power supply?
The CRW8424E has a power consumption of 11W (when reading and writing).
Does your computer have several different CD writing applications installed?
If you use more than one CD writing application simultaneously, the behavior of
the drive can become unpredictable.
Is the CRW8424E drive connected to a high-speed device, such as a hard disk
drive?
If you connect two devices with quite different speeds using the same cable,
operation may become unstable.
The drive ejects or fails to read the disc, or the ON/DISC LED remains lit in
orange after the disc has been loaded (meaning that the disc has not been
recognized). (→P. 32)
Disconnect the IDE cable from the drive but leave the power cable connected,
then load a disc.
There may be problems with the disc itself. If the drive fails to recognize a variety
of discs including audio CDs, CD-ROMs and blank CD-R/RW discs (the ON/
DISC LED remains lit in orange after a disc inserted), you should contact your
nearest Yamaha dealer.
Errors occur when backing up at 6X or faster speed from a separate CD-ROM
drive to the CRW8424E drive.
One possible reason is that the CD-ROM drive is not suitable. Please use a highspeed CD-ROM drive. However, for various reasons, you may still encounter
errors even if you are using a 32X or 42X speed CD-ROM drive. Therefore,
before writing directly at 6X or faster speed, you should check that it is possible to
do so by testing before writing.
27
Troubleshooting
The “Buffer Underrun” error message is displayed.
Try the following:
• Lower the writing speed setting.
• Create an image file of the CD on the computer’s hard disk.
• Defragment the hard disk.
• Turn hard disk power management off.
• Deactivate the Active Desktop (if you are using Internet Explorer 4 or 5).
• Disable network access.
• Close other applications (including screen savers, task schedulers, etc.).
Errors can occur if you knock the CRW8424E drive while it is writing to disc.
When using packet writing on a CD-RW disc, the actual data capacity is 100MB less
than that stated on the cover of the disc. The difference in capacity is dependent on
the writing mode.
28
Appendix
Writing Modes
Disc-at-Once (DAO)
This mode is used when writing a complete disc in a single pass without pausing. Data
cannot be added later, even if the full capacity of the blank disc has not been used.
Example: General CD-ROM
0
650MB
Data
Track 1
Any remaining space
cannot be used
Session 1
Lead-in
Lead-out
Example: Audio CD
0
Audio
650MB
Audio
Audio
Audio
Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
Audio
Audio
Track 4 Track 5
Audio
Track 6 Track 7
Any remaining space
cannot be used
Session 1
Lead-in
Lead-out
The lead-in and lead-out areas signify the beginning and end points of a session. They
are not part of the data but contain information about the session itself. Basically, a
session consists of a lead-in, data, and a lead-out.
Track-at-Once (TAO)
This mode is used when writing data to a disc one track at a time. More tracks can
be added later if there is enough space left on the disc. This is why Track-at-Once
mode is sometimes referred to as Multisession.
0
Lead-in
650MB
Data
Data
Data
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Session 1
Session 2
Session 3
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Any remaining space
can be used
Lead-out
Only the first session of a multisession disc can be played back on a conventional
audio CD player. Single session discs can be played back completely.
29
Appendix
Session-at-Once (SAO)
This mode is used when writing each session in a single pass without pausing. More
sessions can be added later if there is enough space left on the disc.
Example: CD-Extra
0
650MB
Audio
Audio
Audio
Data
Track 1
Track 2
Track 3
Track 4
(Session 1)
Any remaining space
can be used
(Session 2)
Lead-in
Lead-out
/Lead-in
Lead-out
With CD-Extra, the audio is written in the first session and the data is written in the
second.
A maximum of 99 tracks can be written.
Packet Writing
This mode is used when writing to a track of a disc using small blocks of data called
“packets,” in a manner similar to a floppy disk. This mode is useful when making
small incremental backups of data. You will need to use software that specifically
supports packet writing, such as Adaptec’s DirectCD.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Packet
Same as writing to floppy or hard disk
Discs must be formatted before they can be used for packet writing. With CD-RW,
erased data can be overwritten until the disc is completely full.
With CD-R, the space used by the erased data cannot be reused and is “masked” so
that it is no longer visible. This can be done up to 100 times.
30
Appendix
About the firmware
The “firmware” is a small piece of software built into the CRW8424E drive. It is
used to control basic drive operation. Since it resides in flash memory, it can be
overwritten and updated.
To ensure the correct operation of the CRW8424E drive, updates to the firmware
will be made available. You can find information about the most recent firmware for
the drive on YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drive web site.
URL for YAMAHA CD-R/RW Drive web site
http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/product/computer/
The most recent user support information, including firmware updates, can be
found in the CD-R area of Yamaha’s web site. Please check this information
regularly.
The firmware is completely unrelated to the CD writing application software.
Determining the firmware version of the CRW8424E drive
(in Windows 95/98/98SE)
Go to Control Panel | System | Device Manager tab, double-click on CD-ROM,
then double-click on Yamaha CRW8424E.
The firmware
revision indicated
here varies
depending on the
software version
of the unit.
* This is a screen shown in the
Windows 98 environment.
When using Windows NT, you can verify by opening the “Control Panel”, doubleclicking on “SCSI Adapter” and clicking the “Devices” tab. Then right-click on
“YAMAHA CRW8424E” and select Properties.
31
Appendix
LED Indicator Messages
Status
ON/DISC LED
Power on (reset)
Ready (no disc)
Loading disc
Ejecting disc
Ready (disc loaded)
Seeking
Preparing to write
Writing
Writing (test mode)
Reading
● Lit: Orange
Lit: Green
Blinking: Orange
Blinking: Green
—: Off
32
READ/WRITE LED
Appendix
CRW8424E Specifications
Supported Formats
CD-DA
CD-G
CD-Text
CD-ROM (*1)
Write
●
●
No
●
Read
●
●
No
●
●
●
● (*4)
●
● (*2)
●
●
●
●
●
●
● (*3)
●
● (*4)
● (*4)
● (*4)
No
● (*4)
Mixed Mode CD-ROM
(CD-ROM+CD-DA)
CD-ROM XA (*1)
Photo-CD (*1)
Video-CD
CD-I
CD-Extra
*1: includes multisession
*2: suitable disc required
*3: suitable application
software required
Play
● (*4)
No
No
No
*4: suitable application software
required for playback
Note) Excludes ADPCM Encode/Decode & Video Encode/Decode functions.
Writing Methods
Writing/Reading Speed
Disc-at-Once (DAO)
Session-at-Once (SAO)
Track-at-Once (TAO)
Packet writing
Writing
Reading
CD-R
CD-RW
CD-R
1X, 4X, 6X, 8X
CD-RW
2X, 4X
24X (max) Full CAV
Note) • Data: 10X ~ 24X
• CD-DA extraction: 16X (max)
• Drive can play CD-DA at 1X speed only.
• Video-CD: 6.9X (max)
• Disc (session closed)
24X (max) (12X max for packet writing)
• Disc (session not closed)
8X (max) (6X max for packet writing)
1X, 4X, 6X, 8X Writing: Orange Book Part II Ver.3.1specified WO disc
Note) When writing at 6X or faster speed, use discs made
for high speed recording.
2X, 4X Writing/ReWriting: Orange Book Part III Version
2.0-specified RW discs
Note) When writing at 2X speed, Orange Book Part III
Version 1.0-specified RW discs available.
Data Capacity
700MB (79 min.)
650MB (74 min.)
550MB (63 min.)
Data Transfer Rate
1X: 150 KB/sec
2X: 300 KB/sec
4X: 600 KB/sec
6X: 900 KB/sec
Burst Transfer Rate
13.3MB/sec (max)
Data Buffer Size
4MB (1,332 sectors)
33
8X:
10X:
16X:
24X:
1,200 KB/sec
1,500 KB/sec
2,400 KB/sec
3,600 KB/sec
Appendix
Average Random Access Time
140 msec (reading)
Sector Size
2,048 ~ 2,352 B
512 B (read only)
Interface
Enhanced IDE(E-IDE)/ATAPI
Installing style
Horizontal
Disc Loading Type
Tray loading
Audio Out
Line Out
Frequency Range: 20 ~ 20,000Hz
Output Level: 1 Vrms
Power Consumption
11W (when writing or reading)
Power Supply
5V DC ±5%
12V DC ±10%
Operating Environment
Temperature +5 ~ +40°C
Humidity
25 ~ 80% RH (no condensation)
Dimension
Width: 146.0 mm
Height: 41.3 mm (excludes 0.5 mm projection at bottom)
Depth: 193.1 mm (excludes front panel)
Weight
0.95 kg
The CRW8424E series complies with the following specifications
Country / Region
USA
Category
Safety
Compliance Specifications
Standards
Item
UL1950
Electrical
Details
Information Technology
Equipment
Class 1 Laser Product
EMC
Emission
Canada
Safety
Electrical
21CFR1040.10
FDA Chapter 1,
Subchapter J
47CFR15
FCC Part 15, Subpart B
CSA C22.2 No. 950
EU
EMC
Safety
Emission
Electrical
ICES-003
EN60950
EMC
Laser
Immunity
EN60825
EN55024
EMC
Emission
Emission
EN55022
AS/NZ 3548
Information Technology
Equipment
Class B Computing Device
Information Technology
Equipment
Class 1 Laser Product
Residential, Commercial and
Light Industrial Areas
Class B Equipment
Class B Equipment
EMC
Emission
VCCI
Class B Equipment
Laser
Australia
New Zealand
Japan
34
Class B Computing Device
Appendix
Index
Symbols
L
4-pin power cable ..................................... 19, 26
4-pin power connector ..................................... 12
lead-in ............................................................. 29
lead-out ........................................................... 29
loading a disc ................................................... 24
Long-Nosed Pliers ............................................. 5
lug ................................................................... 18
A
Active Desktop ................................................ 28
additional drive .................................................. 9
audio cable ................................................ 12, 18
AUDIO OUT connector ................................... 7
M
manual eject hole ........................................ 6, 25
MASTER ............................................ 7, 12, 14
Multisession ..................................................... 29
B
Buffer Underrun .............................................. 28
O
C
ON/DISC LED ................................................. 6
CD-DA ............................................................. 4
CD-R discs ........................................................ 4
CD-RW discs .................................................... 4
CSEL ................................................................. 7
P
packet .............................................................. 30
Packet Writing ................................................. 30
paper clip ......................................................... 25
Phillips Screwdriver ........................................... 5
primary ..................................................... 12, 17
D
Data CD ............................................................ 4
DC INPUT connector ...................................... 7
Device Manager ........................................ 23, 31
disc tray ............................................................. 6
Disc-at-Once (DAO) ....................................... 29
DMA ............................................................... 23
R
READ/WRITE LED ......................................... 6
rear panel .................................................... 7, 14
replacement drive ............................................... 9
E
S
eject button ....................................................... 6
ejecting a disc in an emergency ........................ 25
Ejecting the Disc .............................................. 24
secondary .................................................. 12, 17
serial number ..................................................... 8
Session-at-Once (SAO) .................................... 30
shunt ............................................................... 14
SLAVE ........................................................ 7, 12
sound card ....................................................... 18
static charge ..................................................... 10
Sync data transfer ............................................. 23
F
firmware .......................................................... 31
front panel .................................................. 6, 11
H
headphone jack .................................................. 6
headphone volume control ................................ 6
T
I
V
IDE .......................................................... 12, 13
IDE cable ................................................. 12, 17
IDE connector ................................................... 7
Video-CD .......................................................... 4
Track-at-Once (TAO) ...................................... 29
J
jumper switches .......................................... 7, 14
35
Distributors and Head Offices / Bertrieb und Hauptgeschäftsstelle
Distributeurs et sièges sociaux / Distribuidores y Casas matrices
If you have any questions, please contact your
dealer or one of the following companies.
Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez
vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le
plus proche figurant dans la liste suivante :
Bei weiteren Fragen wenden Sie sich Sitte an
Ihren Händler oder eine der folgenden Firmen.
Si tiene alguna pregunta, por favor póngase en
contacto con su distribuidor o una de las
siguientes empresas:
JAPAN
Yamaha Corporation
Electronic Systems Division
203 Matsunokijima, Toyooka-mura, Iwata-gun,
Shizuoka-ken, 438-0192 JAPAN
TEL: +81 539 62 3125
FAX: +81 539 62 5346
Internet: http://www.yamaha.co.jp/english/
U.S.A.
Yamaha Systems Technology, Inc.
100 Century Center Court, San Jose, CA 95112
U.S.A.
TEL: +1 408 467 2330
FAX: +1 408 437 8791
Internet: http://www.yamahayst.com/
CANADA
Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough,
Ontario M1S 3R1, CANADA
TEL: +1 416 298 1331
FAX: +1 416 292 0732
UNITED KINGDOM, BENELUX,
GREECE, CYPRUS, TURKEY and
EGYPT
Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd.
Media Technology Division
Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes
MK7 8BL ENGLAND
TEL: +44 1 908 366700
FAX: +44 1 908 368872
Internet: http://www.yamaha.co.uk/
GERMANY, SWITZERLAND,
AUSTRIA, EASTERN EUROPE and
RUSSIA
Yamaha EUROPA GmbH
Yamaha Systems Technology EUROPE
Siemensstrasse 22-34,
D-25462 Rellingen, GERMANEY
TEL: +49 4101 303 200
FAX: +49 4101 303 277
Internet: http://www.yamaha.de/
FRANCE
Yamaha Musique France S.A.
B.P. 70, 77312 Marne-la Vallée Cedex 2,
FRANCE
TEL: +33 1 6461 4060
FAX: +33 1 6461 4097
Internet: http://www.yamaha.fr/
ITALY
Yamaha Musica Italia s.p.a.
Multimedia Division
Viale Italia 88, 20020, Lainate (Milano)
ITALY
TEL: +39 02 935771
FAX: +39 02 9370956
Internet: http://www.yamaha.it/
SWEDEN and SCANDINAVIA
Yamaha Scandinavia AB
J A Wettergrens Gate 1, Box 300 53,
S-400 43 Gothenburg SWEDEN
TEL: +46 31 89 34 00
FAX: +46 31 45 96 07
Internet: http://www.yamaha.se/
SPAIN and PORTUGAL
Yamaha-Hazen Electronica
Musical, S.A.
Jorge Juan, 30, 28001
Madrid, SPAIN
TEL: +34 91 577 7270
FAX: +34 91 576 6235
AUSTRALIA
Yamaha Music Australia
PTY., LTD.
17-33 Market Street,
South Melbourne,
Vic. 3205
AUSTRALIA
TEL: +61 3 9693 5111
FAX: +61 3 9699 2332
SINGAPORE, MALAYSIA, INDIA,
INDONESIA and PHILIPPINES
Yamaha Systems Technology, Singapore Pte Ltd.
138 Cecil Street, #03-01A Cecil Court,
SINGAPORE 069538
TEL: +65 225 0050
FAX: +65 225 3669
Internet: http://www.yamaha.com.sg/
TAIWAN
Yamaha KHS Music Co., Ltd.
11F, No.150, Tun Hua North Rd.
Taipei,TAIWAN R.O.C.
TEL: +886 2 2713 8999
FAX: +886 2 2713 8666
Internet: http://www.yamahakhs.com/