Dell PowerVault 57F User`s guide

Dell™ PowerVault™ Modular Disk
Storage Manager CLI Guide
w w w. d e l l . c o m | s u p p o r t . d e l l . c o m
Notes and Notices
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
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September 2008
Contents
1
About the Command Line Interface
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13
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14
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15
How to Use the Command Line Interface
Usage Notes
CLI Commands
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18
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24
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24
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25
Command Line Parameters
Formatting Considerations
Detailed Error Reporting
Exit Status
Usage Examples .
2
16
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About the Script Commands
27
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29
Script Command Structure
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30
Script Command Synopsis
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32
Recurring Syntax Elements
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34
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40
Usage Guidelines
Adding Comments to a Script File
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Contents
41
3
3
Configuring a Storage Array
Configuring a Storage Array .
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43
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44
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44
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47
Determining What is on Your Storage Array
Saving a Configuration to a File
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48
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53
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55
Using the Create Virtual Disk Command
Using the Auto Configure Command
Modifying Your Configuration
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56
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56
Setting the Storage Array Password .
Setting Up SMTP and SNMP Alerts
Setting the RAID Controller Module Clocks
57
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57
Setting Modification Priority
. . . . . . . . . . . .
58
Assigning Global Hot Spares
. . . . . . . . . . . .
59
Setting the Storage Array Host Type
4
. . . .
Using the Snapshot Feature
. . . . . . . . . .
Using Host Servers to Create an Initial Snapshot
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk
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63
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63
Enabling the Snapshot Virtual Disk Feature
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk with
User-Assigned Physical Disks . . . .
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64
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64
Preparing Host Servers to Create an Initial
Snapshot Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . .
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65
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66
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67
Creating the Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk with
Software-Assigned Physical Disks . .
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk by Specifying
a Number of Physical Disks . . . . . . . . . .
User-Defined Parameters
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69
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70
Names of Snapshot Virtual Disks and Repository
Virtual Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
Contents
61
.
72
Changing Snapshot Virtual Disk Settings
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74
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75
Stopping and Deleting a Snapshot Virtual Disk
Re-creating the Snapshot Virtual Disk
Preparing Host Servers to Re-create a Snapshot
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Re-creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk
5
.
75
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76
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy
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77
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78
Enabling the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
. . . . . .
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy
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79
79
Preparing Host Servers to Create a Virtual
Disk Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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80
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81
Viewing Virtual Disk Copy Properties
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82
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83
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84
Changing Virtual Disk Copy Settings
Recopying a Virtual Disk
Preparing Host Servers to Recopy a
Virtual Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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85
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86
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87
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87
Recopying the Virtual Disk
Stopping a Virtual Disk Copy
Removing Copy Pairs
79
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Determining Virtual Disk Copy Candidates
Copying the Virtual Disk
73
Interaction with Other Features .
Storage Partitioning
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88
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88
Snapshot Virtual Disks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
89
5
6
Maintaining a Storage Array .
Routine Maintenance
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91
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91
Running a Media Scan
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Running a Consistency Check
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Resetting a RAID Controller Module
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Enabling RAID Controller Module Data
Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting Battery Age
94
94
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94
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95
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95
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95
Locating Physical Disks
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96
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97
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97
Monitoring Performance
Changing RAID Levels
Changing Segment Size
Defragmenting a Disk Group
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98
Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
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98
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98
Collecting Physical Disk Data
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99
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100
Diagnosing a RAID Controller Module
Recovery Operations
Setting RAID Controller Module Operational
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . .
100
. . . . . . . . .
101
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Changing RAID Controller Module
Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initializing a Physical Disk
. . . . . . . . . .
102
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102
Reconstructing a Physical Disk
Initializing a Virtual Disk
Redistributing Virtual Disks .
Contents
94
. . . . . .
Synchronizing RAID Controller Module
Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing Persistent Reservations .
Performance Tuning
91
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103
7
Script Commands
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Command Formatting Rules
105
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106
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108
Disk Group Commands
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108
Enclosure Commands
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109
Commands Listed by Function
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109
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109
Host Topology Commands
iSCSI Commands
Physical Disk Commands .
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Session Command
110
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111
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111
RAID Controller Module Commands
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111
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111
Show String Command .
Snapshot Commands .
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111
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113
Storage Array Commands
Virtual Disk Commands
Virtual Disk Copy Commands
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113
Commands Listed Alphabetically
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114
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114
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114
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115
Accept Storage Array Pending Topology
Activate Storage Array Firmware
Autoconfigure Storage Array
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116
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117
Autoconfigure Storage Array Hot Spares
Check Disk Consistency
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118
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118
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119
Clear Physical Disk Channel Statistics .
Clear Storage Array Configuration .
Clear Storage Array Event Log .
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119
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120
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120
Clear Storage Array Firmware Pending Area
Clear Virtual Disk Reservations
Create Disk Group
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121
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122
Additional Information
Create Host .
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123
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124
Create Host Group
Create Host Port
Contents
7
Create iSCSI Initiator
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Automatic Physical
Disk Select) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Free Capacity
Base Select) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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126
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128
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Manual Physical
Disk Select) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
133
137
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139
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140
Delete Disk Group
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140
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141
Delete Host Group
Delete Host Port
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141
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142
Delete iSCSI Initiator
Delete Virtual Disk
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143
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146
Diagnose RAID Controller Module
Disable Storage Array Feature
Download Enclosure Management Module
Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Download Physical Disk Firmware
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146
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147
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148
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149
Download Storage Array Firmware/NVSRAM
Download Storage Array NVSRAM
Download Storage Array Physical Disk
Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable RAID Controller Module
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150
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151
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151
Recopy Virtual Disk Copy .
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152
Recover RAID Virtual Disk
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153
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155
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156
Enable Storage Array Feature Key
Additional Information
Re-create Snapshot
Remove Virtual Disk Copy
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159
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160
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160
Repair Virtual Disk Consistency
Reset RAID Controller Module
158
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Remove Virtual Disk LUN Mapping .
Contents
130
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Create Virtual Disk Copy
8
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Snapshot Virtual Disk .
Delete Host
125
Reset Storage Array Battery Install Date
Reset Storage Array iSCSI Baseline
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161
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162
Reset Storage Array SAS PHY Baseline
. . . . . .
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162
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163
Reset Storage Array Virtual Disk Distribution
Revive Disk Group
Revive Physical Disk
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Save Enclosure Log Data
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Save Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation
Diagnostic Status . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syntax
163
164
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164
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164
Save Physical Disk Log .
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165
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166
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167
Save Storage Array Configuration
Save Storage Array Events
Save Storage Array iSCSI Statistics
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Save Storage Array Performance Statistics .
169
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169
170
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170
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170
Save Storage Array State Capture .
Save Storage Array Support Data
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172
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173
Additional Information
Set Disk Group
168
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. . . . . . . .
Save Storage Array SAS PHY Counts
Set Controller .
165
. . . . .
Save RAID Controller Module NVSRAM .
Set Enclosure Attribute
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Set Enclosure Identification
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174
175
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176
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176
Set Foreign Physical Disk to Native
Set Host
162
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178
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179
Set Host Group
Set Host Port
Set iSCSI Initiator
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Set iSCSI Target Properties
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180
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182
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182
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183
Set Physical Disk Channel Status
Set Physical Disk Hot Spare
Set Physical Disk State .
179
Contents
9
Set RAID Controller Module
Syntax
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183
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183
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185
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187
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188
Syntax Element Statement Data
Additional Information
Set Session
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189
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
191
Set Snapshot Virtual Disk
Set Storage Array
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192
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193
Set Storage Array Enclosure Positions
Set Storage Array ICMP Response
Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv4 Address
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194
Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv6 Address
. . .
195
Set Storage Array iSNS Server Listening Port
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195
. . . . . .
196
. . . . . . . . . . .
197
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197
Set Storage Array iSNS Server Refresh
Set Storage Array Learn Cycle
Set Storage Array Time .
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198
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198
Set Unnamed Discovery Session
Set Virtual Disk
Set Virtual Disk Copy
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
203
Show Disk Group
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
204
Show Host Ports
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
205
Show Physical Disk .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Show Physical Disk Channel Statistics
. . . . . .
Show RAID Controller Module
208
208
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209
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210
Show Storage Array Autoconfigure
. . . . . . . .
212
Show Storage Array Host Topology
. . . . . . . .
214
Show Storage Array LUN Mappings
. . . . . . . .
214
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214
. . . . . .
215
Show Storage Array Negotiation Defaults .
Show Storage Array Pending Topology
Show Storage Array Unreadable Sectors
Contents
207
. . . . .
Show RAID Controller Module NVSRAM
Show Storage Array
205
. . . . . . . . . . .
Show Physical Disk Download Progress .
10
203
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Show Current iSCSI Sessions
. . . . .
215
Show String
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
216
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217
Show Unconfigured iSCSI Initiators
Show Virtual Disk
216
. . . . . . . .
218
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
219
Show Virtual Disk Action Progress
Show Virtual Disk Copy
Show Virtual Disk Copy Source Candidates
. . . .
220
Show Virtual Disk Copy Target Candidates
. . . .
220
Show Disk Group Import Dependencies .
. . . . .
220
Show Virtual Disk Performance Statistics
. . . . .
221
. . . . . . . . . .
222
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
Show Virtual Disk Reservations
Start Disk Group Blink
Start Disk Group Defragment
Start Enclosure Blink .
. . . . . . . . . . .
223
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
Start iSCSI DHCP Refresh
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation
Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syntax
. . . .
224
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
224
Start Physical Disk Blink
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start Physical Disk Initialize
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Start Storage Array Blink
226
227
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
227
Start Disk Group Import/Export
Start Virtual Disk Initialization
Stop Disk Group Blink
226
. . . . . . . .
Start Physical Disk Reconstruction
. . . . . . . . . .
227
. . . . . . . . . . .
228
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229
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229
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229
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
229
Stop Enclosure Blink
Stop iSCSI Session
Syntax
224
Stop Physical Disk Blink
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation
Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop Snapshot
229
. . . .
230
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
230
Stop Storage Array Blink .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
231
11
Stop Storage Array Physical Disk Firmware
Download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop Virtual Disk Copy
A Sample Script Files
Index
12
. . . .
231
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231
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration Script Example 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
233
Configuration Script Example 2
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
236
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
233
239
About the Command Line Interface
This guide is intended for system administrators, developers, and engineers
who need to use the command line interface (CLI) tool and its associated
commands and script files. Selected CLI commands perform functions that
you can also access from the Modular Disk (MD) Storage Manager, which is
the graphical user interface (GUI) to the storage array. See the User’s Guide,
which describes the Storage Manager software that is used to create and manage
multiple storage arrays. For additional information, see the hardware and
software manuals that shipped with your system.
NOTE: Always check for updates on support.dell.com and read the updates first
because they often supersede information in other documents.
NOTE: CLI commands do not have interactive warnings for destructive commands.
The command line interface (CLI) is a software tool that enables storage
array installers, developers, and engineers to configure and monitor storage
arrays. Using the command line interface, you can issue commands from an
operating system prompt, such as the Microsoft® Windows® command
prompt (C:\) or a Linux operating system terminal.
Each command performs a specific action for managing a storage array or
returning information about the status of a storage array. You can enter
individual commands, or run script files when you need to perform operations
more than once (such as installing the same configuration on several storage
arrays). A script file can be loaded and run from the command line interface.
You can also run commands in an interactive mode. Interactive mode enables
you to connect to a specific storage array and rapidly enter a command,
determine the effect on the storage array, and then enter a new command.
The command line interface gives you direct access to a script engine utility
in the Dell™ PowerVault™ Modular Disk Storage Manager software (MD
Storage Manager). The script engine reads the commands, or runs a script
file, from the command line and performs the operations instructed by the
commands.
About the Command Line Interface
13
You can use the command line interface to perform the following functions:
•
Directly access the script engine and run commands in interactive mode or
using a script file.
•
Create script command batch files to be run on multiple storage arrays
when you need to install the same configuration on different storage
arrays.
•
Run script commands on a storage array directly connected to a host, a
storage array connected to a host by an Ethernet, or a combination of
both.
•
Display configuration information about the storage arrays.
•
Add storage arrays to and remove storage arrays from the management
domain.
•
Perform automatic discovery of all storage arrays attached to the local
subnet.
•
Add or delete Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap
destinations and email alert notifications.
•
Specify the mail server and sender email address or Simple Mail Transport
Protocol (SMTP) server for alert notifications.
•
Direct the output to a standard command line display or to a named file.
How to Use the Command Line Interface
Using the CLI commands, you can access the script engine, specify which
storage array receives the script commands, and set operation environment
parameters.
A CLI command consists of the following elements:
14
•
The term SMcli
•
Storage array identifier
•
Parameters
•
Script commands
About the Command Line Interface
The following syntax is the general form of a CLI command:
SMcli storageArray parameters script-commands;
SMcli
Invokes the command line interface
storageArray
Host name or IP address of the storage array
parameters
CLI parameters that define the environment and purpose for the
command
script-commands One or more script commands or the name of a script file
containing script commands
The script commands are the storage array configuration commands. "About
the Script Commands" on page 29 presents an overview of the script
commands. "Script Commands" on page 105 provides definitions, syntax, and
parameters for the script commands.
Usage Notes
If you enter SMcli and a storage array name but do not specify CLI
parameters, script commands, or a script file, the command line interface
runs in interactive mode. Interactive mode enables you to run individual
commands without prefixing the commands with SMcli. You can enter a
single command, view the results, and enter the next command without
typing the complete SMcli string. Interactive mode is useful for determining
configuration errors and quickly testing configuration changes.
If you enter SMcli without any parameters or with an incorrect parameter, the
script engine returns usage information.
NOTE: The SMcli command is installed under the client directory of the selected
path during a management station install of the MD Storage Manager software.
NOTE: The SMcli command should be a component of the system environment
command path.
About the Command Line Interface
15
CLI Commands
This section lists the CLI commands you can use to perform the following
functions:
•
Identify storage arrays.
•
Set passwords.
•
Add storage arrays.
•
Specify communication parameters.
•
Enter individual script configuration commands.
•
Specify a file containing script configuration commands.
The following are general forms of the CLI commands, showing the
parameters and terminals used in each command. Table 1-1 lists definitions
for the parameters shown in the CLI commands.
Table 1-1.
Command Name Conventions
Parameter
Definition
a|b
pipe symbol indicating alternative ("a" or "b")
italicized-words
terminals
[...] (square brackets)
zero or one occurrence
{...} (curly brackets)
zero or more occurrences
<...> (angle brackets)
occurrence exceeds maximum limit of 30 characters
(a|b|c)
choose only one of the alternatives
bold
terminals
SMcli host-name-or-IP-address [host-name-or-IPaddress] [-c "command; {command2};"]
[-n storage-array-name | -w WWID]
[-o outputfile][-p password][-e][-S]
SMcli host-name-or-IP-address
[host-name-or-IP-address] [-f scriptfile]
[-n storage-array-name | -w WWID]
[-o outputfile] [-p password] [-e] [-S]
16
About the Command Line Interface
SMcli (-n storage-array-name | -w WWID)
[-c "command; {command2};"]
[-o outputfile][-p password][-e][-S]
SMcli (-n storage-array-name | -w WWID)
[-f scriptfile]
[-o outputfile] [-p password] [-e] [-S]
SMcli (-n storage-array-name | -w WWID)
[-o outputfile][-p password][-e][-S]
SMcli -a email:email-address
[host-name-or-IP-address1
[host-name-or-IP-address2]]
[-n storage-array-name | -w WWID | -h host-name |
-r (host_sa | direct_sa)]
[-I information-to-include][-q frequency][-S]
SMcli -x email:email-address
[host-name-or-IP-address1
[host-name-or-IP-address2]]
[-n storage-array-name | -w WWID | -h host-name |
-r (host_sa | direct_sa)] [-S]
SMcli (-a | -x) trap:community,
host-name-or-IP-address [host-name-or-IP-address1
[host-name-or-IP-address2]]
[-n storage-array-name | -w WWID | -h host-name |
-r (host_sa | direct_sa)] [-S]
SMcli -d [-w][-i][-s][-v][-S]
SMcli -m host-name-or-IP-address -F email-address
[-g contactInfoFile][-S]
SMcli -A [host-name-or-IP-address
[host-name-or-IP-address]] [-S]
SMcli -X (-n storage-array-name | -w WWID |
-h host-name)
SMcli -?
About the Command Line Interface
17
Command Line Parameters
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters
Parameter
Definition
host-name-or-IP-address Specify either the host name or the Internet Protocol (IP)
address of an in-band managed storage array (IPv4 or iPv6)
or an out-of-band managed storage array (IPv4 only).
• If you manage a storage array by using a host connected
directly to the storage array (in-band storage
management), you must use the -n parameter if more
than one storage array is connected to the host.
• If you manage a storage array through an Ethernet
connection (out-of-band storage management), you
must specify the host-name-or-IP-address of the
redundant array of independent disks (RAID) controller
modules.
• If you have previously configured a storage array in the
graphical user interface (GUI) of the MD Storage
Manager, you can specify the storage array by its
user-supplied name by using the -n parameter.
-A
Use to add a storage array to the configuration files. If you
do not follow the -A parameter with a
host-name-or-IP-address, automatic discovery scans the
local subnet for storage arrays.
-a
Use to add an SNMP trap destination or an email address
alert destination.
• When adding an SNMP trap destination, the SNMP
community is automatically defined as the community
name for the trap and the host is the IP address or
Domain Name Server (DNS) host name of the system to
which the trap should be sent.
• When adding an email address for an alert destination,
the email-address is the email address to which to send
the alert message.
18
About the Command Line Interface
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Definition
-c
Use to indicate that you are entering one or more script
commands to run on the specified storage array. Terminate
each command by using a semicolon (;).
You cannot place more than one -c parameter on the same
command line. You can include more than one script
command after the -c parameter.
-d
Use to display the contents of the script configuration file.
-e
Use to disable syntax checking when executing the current
CLI command.
-F (uppercase)
Use to specify the email address from which all alerts will
be sent.
-f (lowercase)
Use to specify a file name containing script commands
intended to run on the specified storage array.
This parameter is similar to the -c parameter in that both
are intended for running script commands. The -c
parameter allows you to execute individual script
commands. The -f parameter allows you to execute script
commands contained in a file.
NOTE: By default, any errors encountered when running the
script commands in a file are ignored, and the file continues
to run. To override this behavior, use the set session
errorAction=stop command in the script file.
About the Command Line Interface
19
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Definition
-g
Use to specify an ASCII file that contains email sender
contact information to include in all email alert
notifications. The CLI assumes the ASCII file is text only,
without delimiters or any expected format. A typical file
contains the following information:
• Name
• Title
• Company
• Phone
• Pager
NOTE: You can use any file name that your operating system
supports. You must not use userdata.txt. Some operating
systems reserve userdata.txt for system information.
-h
Use with the -a and -x parameters to specify the host name
that is running the SNMP agent to which the storage array
is connected.
-I
Use to specify the type of information to be included in
the email alert notifications. The following are valid
information arguments:
• eventOnly — Only event information is included in the
email.
• profile — Event and array profile information is included
in the email.
• supportBundle — Event and support bundle
information is included in the email.
NOTE: You can enter only one information argument each
time you execute the command. If you want all of the
information, you must run the command three times.
-i
Use with the -d parameter to display the IP address of the
known storage arrays.
-m
Use to specify the host name or IP address of the email
server from which to send email alert notifications.
20
About the Command Line Interface
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Definition
-n
Use to specify the name of the storage array on which to
run the script commands. This name is optional when you
use host-name-or-IP-address; however, if you are using the
in-band method for managing the storage array, you must
use the -n parameter if more than one storage array is
connected to the host at the specified address.
The storage array name is required when
host-name-or-IP-address is not used; however, the name
of the storage array configured for use in the MD Storage
Manager GUI (that is, listed in the configuration file)
must not be a duplicate name of any other configured
storage array.
-o
Use with the -c or -f parameter to specify a file name for all
output text that is a result of running the script
commands.
-p
Use to specify the password for the storage array on which
to run commands. A password is not necessary under the
following conditions:
• A password has not been set on the storage array.
• The password is specified in a script file that is running.
• The storage array password is specified by using the -c
parameter and the set session password=password
command.
About the Command Line Interface
21
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Definition
-q
Use to specify how frequently to include additional profile
or support bundle information in the email alert
notifications. An email alert notification that contains at
least the basic event information is always generated for
every critical event. If you set the -I parameter to
eventOnly, the only valid argument for -q is everyEvent. If
you set the -I parameter to either profile or
supportBundle, this information is included with the
emails with the frequency specified by the -q parameter.
Valid frequency arguments are:
• everyEvent — Information is returned with every email
alert notification.
• 2 — Information is returned no more than once every
two hours.
• 4 — Information is returned no more than once every
four hours.
• 8 — Information is returned no more than once every
eight hours.
• 12 — Information is returned no more than once every
12 hours.
• 24 — Information is returned no more than once every
24 hours.
-r
22
Use with the -a or -x parameter to specify the name of a
management station. The name of a management station
can be either direct_sa (out-of-band storage array) or
host_sa (in-band storage arrays [host-agent]). The -r
parameter enables you to set or change the alert
notifications for all storage arrays under each management
station.
About the Command Line Interface
Table 1-2.
Command Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Definition
-S (uppercase)
Use to suppress the informational messages describing
command progress that appear when running script
commands. (Suppressing informational messages is also
called silent mode.) This parameter suppresses the
following messages:
• Performance syntax check
• Syntax check complete
• Executing script
• Script execution complete
• SMcli completed successfully
-s (lowercase)
Use with the -d parameter to display the alert settings in
the configuration file.
-v
Use with the -d parameter to display the current global
status of the known devices in the storage array
configuration file. (The configuration file lists all of the
devices in a storage array configuration and the
relationship between the devices. Use the configuration
file to reconstruct a storage array.)
-X (uppercase)
Use to delete a storage array from the configuration file.
(The configuration file lists all of the devices in a storage
array configuration and the relationship between the
devices. Use the configuration file to reconstruct a storage
array.)
-x (lowercase)
Use to remove an SNMP trap destination or an email
address alert destination. The community is the SNMP
community name for the trap, and the host is the IP
address or DNS host name of the system to which you
want the trap sent.
-?
Use this parameter to display usage information about the
CLI commands.
About the Command Line Interface
23
Formatting Considerations
Quotation marks (" ") used as part of a name or label require special
consideration when you run the CLI and script commands on a Microsoft®
Windows® operating system. The following explains the use of quotation
marks in names while running CLI and script commands on Windows.
When quotation marks (" ") are part of an argument, you must insert a
backslash (\) before each quotation mark character unless you are in
interactive mode. For example:
-c "set storageArray userLabel=\"Engineering\";"
where Engineering is the storage array name.
You cannot use quotation marks (" ") as part of a character string (also called
string literal) within a script command. For example, you cannot enter the
following string to set the storage array name to "Finance"Array:
-c "set storageArray userLabel=
\"\"Finance\"Array\";"
On a Linux operating system, the delimiters around names or labels are single
quotation marks (‘ ’). The Linux versions of the previous examples are:
-c ‘set storageArray userLabel="Engineering";’
Detailed Error Reporting
Error data collected from an error encountered by the CLI is written to a file.
Detailed error reporting under the CLI works as follows:
•
If the CLI must abnormally end execution or abort script command
execution, error data is collected and saved before the CLI aborts.
•
The CLI automatically saves the error data by writing the data to a file
with a standard name.
•
The CLI does not have any provisions to avoid overwriting an existing
version of the file containing error data.
For error processing, errors appear as two types:
24
•
Parameter or syntax errors you might enter
•
Exceptions that occur as a result of an operational error
About the Command Line Interface
When the CLI encounters either type of error, it writes information
describing the error directly to the command line and sets a return code.
Depending on the return code, the CLI might also write additional
information about which parameter caused the error. The CLI also writes
information about what command syntax was expected to help you identify
any syntax errors you might have entered.
When an exception occurs while executing a command, the CLI
automatically saves the error information to a file named excprpt.txt. The
CLI attempts to place excprpt.txt in the directory specified by the system
property devmgr.datadir, which by default is the "client/data" directory under
the main installation directory in Windows and the /var/opt/SM directory in
Linux. If for any reason the CLI cannot place the file in the devmgr.datadirspecified directory, the CLI saves the excprpt.txt file in the same directory
from which the CLI is running. You cannot change the file name or location.
The excprpt.txt file is overwritten every time an exception occurs. To save the
information in the excprpt.txt file, you must to copy the information to a new
file or directory.
Exit Status
After you run a CLI command or a CLI and script command, status is
displayed that indicates the success of the operation defined by the
command. The status values are shown in Table 1-3.
Table 1-3.
Exit Status
Status Value
Meaning
0
The command terminated without an error.
1
The command terminated with an error. Error information is also
displayed.
2
The script file does not exist.
3
An error occurred while opening an output file.
4
A storage array is not at the specified address.
5
Addresses specify different storage arrays.
6
A storage array name does not exist for the host agent connected.
7
The storage array name was not at the specified address.
About the Command Line Interface
25
Table 1-3.
Exit Status (continued)
Status Value
Meaning
8
The storage array name was not in the configuration file.
10
A management class does not exist for the storage array.
11
A storage array was not found in the configuration file.
12
An internal error occurred.
13
Invalid script syntax was found.
14
The RAID controller module was unable to communicate with the
storage array.
15
A duplicate argument was entered.
16
An execution error occurred.
17
A host was not at the specified address.
18
The World Wide Identifier (WWID) was not in the configuration
file.
19
The WWID was not at the address.
20
An unknown IP address was specified.
21
The event monitor configuration file was corrupted.
22
The storage array was unable to communicate with the event
monitor.
23
The RAID controller module was unable to write alert settings.
24
The wrong management station was specified.
25
The command was not available.
26
The device was not in the configuration file.
27
An error occurred while updating the configuration file.
28
An unknown host error occurred.
29
The sender contact information file was not found.
30
The sender contact information file could not be read.
31
The userdata.txt file exists.
32
An invalid -I value in the email alert notification was specified.
33
An invalid -f value in the email alert notification was specified.
26
About the Command Line Interface
Usage Examples
The following examples show how to enter CLI commands on a command
line. The examples show the syntax, form, and, in some examples, script
commands. Examples are shown for both Windows and Linux operating
systems. The usage for the -c parameter varies depending on your operating
system. On Windows operating systems, put quotation marks (" ") around the
script command following the -c parameter. On Linux operating systems, put
single quotation marks (‘ ’) around the script command following the -c
parameter.
NOTE: See "Script Commands" on page 105 for descriptions of the script
commands used in the following examples.
This example shows how to change the name of a storage array. The original
name of the storage array is Payroll_Array. The new name is Finance_Array.
Windows:
SMcli -n "Payroll_Array" -c "set storageArray
userLabel=\"Finance_Array\";"
Linux:
SMcli -n ‘Payroll_Array’ -c ‘set storageArray
userLabel="Finance_Array";’
This example shows how to delete an existing virtual disk and create a new
virtual disk on a storage array. The existing virtual disk name is
Stocks_<_Bonds. The new virtual disk name is Finance. The RAID
controller module host names are finance1 and finance2. The storage array is
protected and requires the password TestArray.
Windows:
SMcli finance1 finance2 -c "set session password=
\"TestArray\"; delete virtualDisk [\"Stocks_<_
Bonds\"]; create virtualDisk physicalDiskCount[3]
raidLevel=5 capacity=10 GB userLabel=\"Finance\";
show storageArray healthStatus;"
Linux:
SMcli finance1 finance2 -c ‘set session password=
"TestArray"; delete virtualDisk
["Stocks_<_Bonds"]; create virtualDisk
About the Command Line Interface
27
physicalDiskCount[3] raidLevel=5 capacity=10 GB
userLabel="Finance"; show storageArray
healthStatus;’
This example shows how to run commands in a script file named scriptfile.scr
on a storage array named Example. The -e parameter runs the file without
checking syntax. Executing an SMcli command without checking syntax
enables the file to run more quickly; however, the SMcli command may not
execute correctly if the syntax is incorrect.
SMcli -n Example -f scriptfile.scr -e
This example shows how to run commands in a script file named scriptfile.scr
on a storage array named Example. In this example, the storage array is
protected by the password My_Array. Output, as a result of commands in the
script file, goes to file output.txt.
Windows:
SMcli -n Example -f scriptfile.scr -p "My_Array" o output.txt
Linux:
SMcli -n Example -f scriptfile.scr -p ‘My_Array’ o output.txt
This example shows how to display all storage arrays that are currently
discovered in the current configuration. The command in this example
returns the host name of each storage array.
SMcli -d
If you want to know the IP address of each storage array in the configuration,
add the -i parameter to the command.
SMcli -d -i
28
About the Command Line Interface
About the Script Commands
You can use the script commands to configure and manage a storage array.
The script commands are distinct from the command line interface (CLI)
commands; however, you enter the script commands using the command line
interface. You can enter individual script commands, or run a file of script
commands. When entering an individual script command, include it as part
of a CLI command. When running a file of script commands, include the file
name as part of a CLI command. The script commands are processed by a script
engine that performs the following functions:
•
Verifies command syntax
•
Interprets the commands
•
Converts the commands to the appropriate protocol-compliant
commands, which is, in turn, run by the RAID controller module
•
Passes the commands to the storage array
At the storage array, the redundant array of independent disks (RAID)
controller modules in the storage array runs the script commands.
The script engine and script commands support the storage array
configuration and management operations listed in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1.
Configuration and Management Operations
Operation
Activities
Virtual disk, disk group
configuration
Creating, deleting, and setting priority; labeling;
setting physical disk composition when creating
virtual disks; setting segment size; and setting media
scan control
Physical disk configuration
Configuring the hot spare
RAID controller module
configuration
Defining virtual disk ownership, changing mode
settings, defining network settings, and setting host
port IDs
About the Script Commands
29
Table 2-1.
Configuration and Management Operations (continued)
Operation
Activities
General storage array
configuration
Resetting a configuration to defaults, labeling,
checking the health status, setting the time of day,
clearing the Major Event Log, and setting the media
scan rate
NVSRAM configuration
Downloading and modifying the user configuration
region at the bit and byte level, displaying nonvolatile
static random access memory (NVSRAM) values
Product identification
Retrieving the enclosure profile display data
Battery management
Setting the battery installation date
Firmware management
Downloading RAID controller module, enclosure
management module (EMM), and physical disk
firmware
Script Command Structure
All script commands have the following structure:
command operand-data {statement-data}
where command identifies the action to be performed, operand-data
represents the storage array component to configure or manage (such as a
RAID controller module, physical disk, or disk group), and statement-data is
what you want to do to the component (such as, specifying the RAID level or
availability of a disk group).
The general form of the syntax for operand-data is as follows:
(object-type | allobject-types | [qualifier]
(object-type [identifier] {object-type
[identifier]} | object-types [identifier-list]))
An operand-data object can be identified four ways:
30
•
The object types and object qualifiers
•
The all parameter
About the Script Commands
•
Brackets
•
A list of identifiers
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Use an object type when the command is not referencing a specific object.
The all parameter means all objects of the specified type in the storage array
(for example, allVirtualDisks).
To perform a command on a specific object, use brackets to identify the
object (for example, virtualDisk[engineering]). Specify a subset of objects
with a list of identifiers in brackets (for example, virtualDisks[sales
engineering marketing]). In a list of identifiers, use a blank space as the
delimiter. A qualifier is necessary if you want to include additional
information to describe the objects.
Table 2-2 lists the object type and identifiers associated with the object types.
Table 2-2.
Object Types and Identifiers
Object Type
Identifier
controller
0 or 1
physicalDisk
Enclosure ID and the slot ID
physicalDiskChannel
Physical disk channel identifier
host
User label
hostChannel
Host channel identifier
hostGroup
User label
hostPort
User label
snapshot
Virtual disk user label
storageArray
Not applicable
enclosure
Enclosure ID
virtualDisk
Virtual disk user label or the World Wide Identifier
(WWID) for the virtual disk (set command only)
About the Script Commands
31
Table 2-2.
Object Types and Identifiers (continued)
Object Type
Identifier
virtualDiskCopy
Target virtual disk and, optionally, the source
virtual disk user labels
diskGroup
Virtual disk group number
Statement data is in the form of attribute=value (such as raidLevel=5), an
attribute name (such as batteryInstallDate), or an operation name (such as
consistencyCheck).
Script Command Synopsis
Because you can use the script commands to define and manage the different
aspects of a storage array (such as host topology, physical disk configuration,
RAID controller module configuration, virtual disk definitions, and disk
group definitions), the actual number of commands is extensive. The
commands, however, fall into general categories that are reused when you
apply the commands to the different aspects of a storage array.
Table 2-3 lists the general form of the script commands and provides a
definition of each command.
Table 2-3.
General Form of the Script Commands
Command Syntax
Description
activate object
{statement-data}
Sets up the environment so that an operation can
take place or performs the operation if the
environment is already correctly set up.
autoConfigure
Automatically creates a configuration based on
storageArray{statement-data} parameters specified in the command.
check object {statement-data} Starts a synchronous operation to report on errors in
the object.
clear object {statement-data}
Discards the contents of some attribute of an object.
This is a destructive operation that cannot be
reversed.
create object {statement-data} Creates an object of the specified type.
32
About the Script Commands
Table 2-3.
General Form of the Script Commands (continued)
Command Syntax
Description
deactivate object
{statement-data}
Removes the environment for an operation.
delete object
Deletes a previously created object.
diagnose object
{statement-data}
Runs a test and displays the results.
disable object
{statement-data}
Prevents a feature from operating.
download object
{statement-data}
Transfers data to the storage array or hardware
associated with the storage array.
enable object
{statement-data}
Allows a feature to operate.
recopy object
{statement-data}
Restarts a virtual disk copy operation by using an
existing virtual disk copy pair. You can change
attributes before the operation is restarted.
recover object
{statement-data}
Re-creates an object from saved configuration data
and the statement attributes (similar to the create
command.)
recreate object
{statement-data}
Restarts a snapshot operation using an existing
snapshot virtual disk. You can change attributes
before the operation is restarted.
remove object
{statement-data}
Removes a relationship from between objects.
repair object {statement-data} Repairs errors found by the check command.
reset object {statement-data}
Returns the hardware or object to an initial state.
resume object
Starts a suspended operation. The operation begins
where it left off when suspended.
revive object
Forces the object from the Failed to the Optimal
state. Use only as part of an error recovery procedure.
save object {statement-data}
Writes information about the object to a file.
set object {statement-data}
Changes object attributes. All changes are completed
when the command returns.
About the Script Commands
33
Table 2-3.
General Form of the Script Commands (continued)
Command Syntax
Description
show object {statement-data} Displays information about the object.
start object {statement-data}
Starts an asynchronous operation. You can stop some
operations after they have started. You can query the
progress of some operations.
stop object {statement-data}
Stops an asynchronous operation.
suspend object
{statement-data}
Suspends an operation. You can then restart the
suspended operation, and it continues from the point
at which it was suspended.
Recurring Syntax Elements
Recurring syntax elements are a general category of variables and parameters
you can use in one or more script commands. The recurring syntax is used in
the general definitions of the script commands that are listed in "Script
Commands" on page 105. Table 2-4 lists the recurring syntax and the syntax
values that you can use with the syntax.
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
raid-level
(0 | 1 | 5| 6)
snapshot-repository-raid-level
(1 | 5 | 6)
capacity-spec
integer-literal [KB | MB | GB | TB |
Bytes]
segment-size-spec
integer-literal
boolean
(TRUE | FALSE)
user-label
string-literal
user-label-list
user-label {user-label}
create-raid-vol-attr-value-list
create-raid-virtual disk-attribute-valuepair
{create-raid-virtual disk-attribute-valuepair}
34
About the Script Commands
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
create-raid-virtual disk-attribute-value-pair capacity=capacity-spec |
owner=(0 | 1) |
segmentSize=integer-literal
RAID controller module-enclosureId
(0–99)
slot-id
(0–31)
port-id
(0–127)
physical disk-spec
enclosureID, slotID
physical disk-spec-list
physical disk-spec {physical disk-spec}
enclosure-id-list
enclosureID {enclosureID}
hex-literal
0x hexadecimal-literal
virtual disk-group-number
integer-literal
filename
string-literal
error-action
(stop | continue)
physical disk-channel-identifier
(1 | 2)
physical disk-channel-identifier-list
physical disk-channel-identifier
{physical disk-channel-identifier}
host-channel-identifier
(01 | 02 | 11 | 12)
physical disk-type
(Serial Attached SCSI [SAS] | Serial
Advanced Technology Attachment
[SATA])
feature-identifier
(snapshot | virtualDiskCopy)
repository-spec
instance-based-repository-spec |
count-based-repository-spec
ethernet-port-options
IPV4Address=ipv4-address|
IPV4ConfigurationMethod=[(static |
dhcp)] |
IPV4GatewayIP=ipv4-address|
IPV4SubnetMask=ipv4-address|
About the Script Commands
35
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
iscsi-host-port-options
IPV4Address=ipv4-address |
IPV6LocalAddress=ipv6-address |
IPV6RoutableAddress=ipv6-address |
IPV6RouterAddress=ipv6-address |
enableIPV4= boolean |
enableIPV6=boolean |
enableIPV4Vlan=boolean |
enableIPV6Vlan=boolean |
enableIPV6Priority=boolean |
enableIPV6Priority=boolean |
IPV4ConfigurationMethod=(static |
dhcp) |
IPV6ConfigurationMethod=(static |
auto) |
IPV4GatewayIP= ipv4-address |
IPV6HopLimit=integer |
IPV6NdDetectDuplicateAddress=
integer |
IPV6NdReachableTime=integer |
IPV6NdRetransmitTime=integer |
IPV6NdTimeOut=integer |
IPV4Priority=integer |
IPV6Priority=integer |
IPV4SubnetMask=ipv4-address |
IPV4VlanID=integer |
IPV6VlanID=integer |
maxFramePayload=integer |
tcpListeningPort=tcp-port-id|
NOTE: You must set the enableIPV4
parameter or the enableIPV6 parameter to
TRUE to ensure that the specific IPV4 or
IPV6 setting is applied.
NOTE: The IPV6 address space is
128 bits. It is represented by eight 16-bit
hexadecimal blocks separated by colons.
You may drop leading zeros, and use a
double colon to represent consecutive
blocks of zeroes.
36
About the Script Commands
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
instance-based-repository-spec
repositoryRAIDLevel=repository-raidlevel
repositoryPhysicalDisks=(physical diskspec-list)
[enclosureLossProtect=boolean]
repositoryDiskGroup=virtual-diskgroup-number
[freeCapacityArea=integer-literal]
Specify repositoryRAIDLevel with
repositoryPhysicalDisks. Do not specify
RAID level or physical disks with a disk
group. Do not set enclosureLossProtect
when specifying a disk group.
NOTE: For enclosure loss protection to
work, each physical disk in a disk group
must be on a separate enclosure. If you
set enclosureLossProtect=TRUE and have
selected more than one physical disk from
any one enclosure, the storage array
returns an error. If you set
enclosureLossProtect=FALSE, the storage
array performs operations, but the disk
group you create might not have
enclosure loss protection.
NOTE: To determine if a free capacity
area exists, issue the show diskGroup
command.
count-based-repository-spec
repositoryRAIDLevel=repository-raidlevel
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=integerliteral
[physicalDiskType=physical disk-type]
[enclosureLossProtect=boolean]
WWID
string-literal.
For hostPort identifiers this is a 16-digit
hex number without any colon
delimiters.
About the Script Commands
37
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
nvsram-offset
hexadecimal-literal
host-type
string-literal | integer-literal
nvsram-byte-setting
nvsram-value
(0x hexadecimal | integer-literal)
nvsram-bit-setting
nvsram-mask, nvsram-value
(0x hexadecimal, 0x hexadecimal |
integer-literal)
ipv4-address
(0–255).(0–255).(0–255).(0–255)
ipv6-address
(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):
(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):
(0-FFFF):(0-FFF)
autoconfigure-vols-attr-value-list
autoconfigure-vols-attr-value-pair
{autoconfigure-vols-attr-value-pair}
autoconfigure-vols-attr-value-pair
physicalDiskType=physical disk-type|
raidLevel=raid-level |
diskGroupWidth=integer-literal |
diskGroupCount=integer-literal |
virtualDisksPerGroupCount=integerliteral|
hotSpareCount=integer-literal |
segmentSize=segment-size-spec
NOTE: The physicalDiskType parameter is
not required if only one type of physical
disk is in the storage array. If you use the
physicalDiskType parameter, you must
also use the hotSpareCount and
diskGroupWidth parameters. If you do not
use the physicalDiskType parameter, the
configuration defaults to SAS physical
disks.
NOTE: The virtualDisksPerGroupCount
parameter is the number of equalcapacity virtual disks per disk group.
38
About the Script Commands
Table 2-4.
Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Value
create-virtual-disk-copy-attr-value-list
create-virtual-disk-copy-attr-value-pair
{create-virtual-disk-copy-attr-value-pair}
create-virtual-disk-copy-attr-value-pair
copyPriority=highest | high | medium |
low | lowest |
targetReadOnlyEnabled=boolean
recover-raid-virtual-disk-attr-value-list
recover-raid-virtual-disk-attr-value-pair
{recover-raid-virtual-disk-attr-value-pair}
recover-raid-virtual-disk-attr-value-pair
owner=(0 | 1)
Table 2-5.
Range of Values for Recurring Syntax Elements
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Values
IPV4Priority
0 to 7
IPV4VlanID
1 to 4094
IPV6Priority
0 to 7
IPV6VlanID
1 to 4094
IPV6HopLimit
0 to 255 (default value is 64)
IPV6NdDetectDuplicateAddress
0 to 256
IPV6NdReachableTime
0 to 65535 (default value is
30000 milliseconds)
IPV6RetransmitTime
0 to 65535 (default value is
1000 milliseconds)
IPV6NDTimeOut
0 to 65535 (default value is
3000 milliseconds)
About the Script Commands
39
Table 2-5.
Range of Values for Recurring Syntax Elements (continued)
Recurring Syntax
Syntax Values
maxFramePayload
1500
NOTE: The maxFramePayload parameter
is shared between IPv4 and IPv6. The
payload portion of a standard Ethernet
frame is set at 1500 bytes, and a jumbo
Ethernet frame is set at 9000 bytes. When
using jumbo frames, make sure that all of
the devices contained in the network path
can handle the larger frame size.
tcpListeningPort (tcp-port-id)
3260, or 49,152 to 65,536
The default value is 3260.
Usage Guidelines
The following list provides guidelines for writing script commands on the
command line:
•
You must end all commands with a semicolon (;).
•
You can enter more than one command on a line, but you must separate
each command with a semicolon (;).
•
You must separate each base command and its associated primary and
secondary parameters with a space.
•
The script engine is case sensitive.
•
You can add comments to your scripts to make it easier for you and future
users to understand the purpose of the script commands. (For information
on how to add comments, see "Adding Comments to a Script File" on
page 41.)
NOTE: While the CLI and script commands are not case sensitive, user labels
(such as for virtual disk, hosts, or host ports) are case sensitive. If you try to map to
an object identified by a user label, you must enter the user label exactly as it is
defined, or the CLI and script commands will fail.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
40
About the Script Commands
NOTE: The capacity parameter returns an error if you specify a value greater than
or equal to 10 without a space separating the numeric value and its unit of measure.
(For example, 10GB will return an error, but 10 GB will not return an error).
Adding Comments to a Script File
You can add comments to a script file in three ways.
1 The script engine interprets as a comment any text typed after two forward
slashes (/ /) until an end-of-line character is reached. If the script engine
does not find an end-of-line character in the script after processing a
comment, an error message is displayed, and the script operation is
terminated. This error commonly occurs when a comment is placed at the
end of a script and you did not press the Enter key.
// Deletes the existing configuration.
clear storageArray Configuration;
2 The script engine interprets any text typed between / * and * / as a
comment. If the script engine does not find both a beginning and ending
comment notation, an error message is displayed, and the script operation
is terminated.
/* Deletes the existing configuration */
clear storageArray Configuration;
3 Use the show statement to embed comments in a script file that you want
to display while the script file is running. Enclose the text you want to
display in quotation marks (" ").
show "Deletes the existing configuration";
clear storageArray Configuration;
About the Script Commands
41
42
About the Script Commands
Configuring a Storage Array
This chapter explains how to run script commands from the command line to
create a virtual disk from a group of physical disks and how to configure a
redundant array of independent disks (RAID) storage array. This chapter
assumes that you understand basic RAID concepts and terminology. Before
configuring the storage array, become familiar with the concepts of physical
disks, disk groups, virtual disks, host groups, hosts, and RAID controller
modules. Additional information about configuring a storage array and
related definitions is in the online help, the Installation Guide, the MD
Storage Manager User’s Guide, and the Owner’s Manual.
Configuring a RAID storage array requires caution and planning to ensure that
you define the correct RAID level and configuration for your storage array. The
main purpose in configuring a storage array is to create virtual disks
addressable by the hosts from a collection of physical disks. The commands
described in this chapter enable you to set up and run a RAID storage array.
Additional commands are also available to provide more control and
flexibility. Many of these commands, however, require a deeper understanding
of the firmware as well as various structures that need to be mapped. Use all
of the command line interface (CLI) commands and script commands with
caution.
The following sections in this chapter show some, but not all, of the CLI and
script commands. The purpose of showing these commands is to explain how
you can use the commands to configure a storage array. The presentation in
this chapter does not explain all possible usage and syntax for the commands.
(For complete definitions of the commands, including syntax, parameters,
and usage notes, see "Script Commands" on page 105.)
This chapter contains examples of CLI and script command usage. The
command syntax used in the examples is for a host running a Microsoft®
Windows® operating system. As part of the examples, the complete C:\
prompt and DOS path for the commands are shown. Depending on your
operating system, the prompt and path construct will vary.
For most commands, the syntax is the same for all Windows and Linux
operating systems, as well as for a script file. Windows operating systems,
however, have an additional requirement when entering names in a
Configuring a Storage Array
43
command. On Windows, you must enclose the name between two
backslashes (\) in addition to other delimiters. For example, the following
name is used in a command that runs under Windows:
[\"Engineering\"]
For a Linux system when used in a script file, the name appears as:
["Engineering"]
Configuring a Storage Array
When you configure a storage array, you can maximize data availability by
ensuring that data is quickly accessible while maintaining the highest level of
data protection possible. The speed at which a host can access data is affected
by the disk group RAID level and the segment size settings. Data protection is
determined by the RAID level, hardware redundancy (such as global hot
spares), and software redundancy (such as the Snapshot feature).
In general, you configure a storage array by defining the following entities:
•
A disk group and associated RAID level
•
The virtual disks
•
Which hosts have access to the virtual disks
This section explains how to use the script commands to create a
configuration from an array of physical disks.
Determining What is on Your Storage Array
Even when you create a configuration on a previously unconfigured storage
array, you still need to determine the hardware and software features that
must be included with the storage array. When you configure a storage array
with an existing configuration, you must ensure that your new configuration
does not inadvertently alter the existing configuration, unless you are
reconfiguring the entire storage array. For example, to create a new disk group
on unassigned physical disks, you must determine which physical disks are
available. The commands described in this section enable you to determine
the components and features in your storage array.
44
Configuring a Storage Array
The show storageArray command returns the following general information
about the components and properties of the storage array:
•
A detailed profile of the components and features in the storage array
•
The battery age
•
The default host type (which is the current host type)
•
Other available host types
•
The hot spare locations
•
The identifiers for enabled features
•
The logical and physical component profiles
•
The time to which both RAID controller modules are set
•
The RAID controller module that currently owns each virtual disk in the
storage array
To return the most information about the storage array, run the show
storageArray command with the profile parameter. The following is an
example of the complete CLI and script command running on Windows:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storageArray
profile;"
This example identifies the storage array by the dummy IP address
123.45.67.89. You can also identify the storage array by name.
The show storageArray profile command returns detailed information about
the storage array. The information is presented in several screens on a display.
You might need to increase the size of your display buffer to see all of the
information. Because this information is so detailed, you might want to save
the output to a file. To save the output to a file, enter the command as shown in
the following example:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storageArray
profile;" -o c:\folder\storageArrayprofile.txt
In this example, the name folder is the folder in which you choose to place
the profile file, and storageArrayprofile.txt is the name of the file. You can
choose any folder and any file name.
Configuring a Storage Array
45
NOTICE: When you write information to a file, the script engine does not check to
determine if the file name already exists. If you choose the name of a file that
already exists, the script engine writes over the information in the file without
warning.
When you save the information to a file, you can use the information as a
record of your configuration and as an aid during recovery.
To return a brief list of the storage array features and components, use the
summary parameter. The command is similar to the following example:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storageArray
summary;"
The summary information is also returned as the first section of information
when you use the profile parameter.
The following show commands return information about the specific
components of a storage array. The information returned by each of these
commands is the same as the information returned by the show storageArray
profile command, but is constrained to the specific component. (The
following commands are not complete commands. For information about a
command, see the referenced section next to the command.)
46
•
show controller ("RAID Controller Module Commands" on page 111)
•
show physicalDisks ("Show Physical Disk" on page 205)
•
show physicalDiskchannels stats ("Show Physical Disk Channel Statistics"
on page 207)
•
show storageArray hostTopology ("Show Storage Array Host Topology" on
page 214)
•
show storageArray lunmappings ("Show Storage Array LUN Mappings" on
page 214)
•
show allVirtualDisks ("Show Virtual Disk" on page 217)
•
show diskGroup ("Show Disk Group" on page 204)
•
show virtualDisk reservations ("Show Virtual Disk Reservations" on
page 222)
Configuring a Storage Array
The following commands also return information about a storage array:
•
show storageArray autoConfigure ("Show Storage Array Autoconfigure" on
page 212)
•
show controller NVSRAM ("Show RAID Controller Module NVSRAM" on
page 209)
•
show storageArray unreadableSectors ("Show Storage Array Unreadable
Sectors" on page 215)
•
show virtualDiskCopy sourceCandidates ("Show Virtual Disk Copy Source
Candidates" on page 220)
•
show virtualDiskCopy targetCandidates ("Show Virtual Disk Copy Target
Candidates" on page 220)
•
show virtualDisk performanceStat ("Show Disk Group Import
Dependencies" on page 220)
For descriptions of the show commands, including examples of the
information returned by each command, see "Script Commands" on
page 105. Other commands can help you learn about your storage array. To
see a list of the commands, see "Commands Listed by Function" on page 108.
These commands are organized by the storage array activities that the
commands support. (Examples include virtual disk commands, host
commands, enclosure commands, and others).
Saving a Configuration to a File
NOTICE: When you write information to a file, the script engine does not check to
determine if the file name already exists. If you choose the name of a file that already
exists, the script engine writes over the information in the file without warning.
After you have created a new configuration or if you want to copy an existing
configuration for use on other storage arrays, you can save the configuration
to a file. To save the configuration, use the save storageArray configuration
command. Saving the configuration creates a script file that you can run on
the command line. The following syntax is the general form of the command:
save storageArray configuration file="filename"
[(allconfig | globalSettings=(TRUE | FALSE)) |
virtualDiskConfigAndSettings=(TRUE | FALSE) |
hostTopology=(TRUE | FALSE) | lunMappings=(TRUE |
FALSE)]
Configuring a Storage Array
47
You can choose to save the entire configuration or specific configuration
features. The command for setting this parameter value looks like the
following example:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "save storageArray
configuration file=
\"c:\folder\\storageArrayconfig1.scr\";"
In this example, the name folder is the folder in which you choose to place
the configuration file, and storageArrayconfig1.scr is the name of the file.
Choose any folder and any file name. MD Storage Manager uses the file
extension .scr when it creates the configuration file.
Using the Create Virtual Disk Command
The create virtualDisk command enables you to create new virtual disks in
the storage array in three ways:
•
Create a new virtual disk while simultaneously creating a new disk group to
which you assign the physical disks.
•
Create a new virtual disk while simultaneously creating a new disk group to
which the MD Storage Manager software assigns the physical disks.
•
Create a new virtual disk in an existing disk group.
You must have unassigned physical disks in the disk group. You do not need to
assign the entire capacity of the disk group to a virtual disk.
Creating Virtual Disks with User-Assigned Physical Disks
When you create a new virtual disk and assign the physical disks to use, the
MD Storage Manager software creates a new disk group. The RAID controller
module firmware assigns a disk group number to the new disk group. The
following syntax is the general form of the command:
create virtualDisk physicalDisks=
(enclosureID0,slotID0...enclosureIDn,slotIDn)
raidLevel=0 | 1 | 5 | 6)userLabel=
"virtualDiskName" [capacity=virtualDiskCapacity
owner=(0 | 1) segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
[enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
48
Configuring a Storage Array
NOTE: The capacity, owner, segmentSize, and enclosureLossProtect parameters
are optional. You can use one or all of the optional parameters as needed to help
define your configuration. You do not, however, need to use any optional
parameters.
The userLabel parameter is the name to give to the virtual disk. The virtual
disk name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores. The maximum length of the virtual disk name is 30 characters.
Spaces are not allowed. You must put quotation marks (" ") around the virtual
disk name.
The physicalDisks parameter is a list of the physical disks that you want to use
for the disk group. Enter the enclosure ID and slot ID of each physical disk
that you want to use. Put parentheses around the list. Separate the enclosure
ID and slot ID of a physical disk by a comma. Separate each enclosure ID and
slot ID pair by a space. For example:
(0,0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4)
The capacity parameter defines the size of the virtual disk. You do not have to
assign the entire capacity of the physical disks to the virtual disk. You can later
assign any unused space to another virtual disk.
The owner parameter defines the RAID controller module to which you want
to assign the virtual disk. If you do not specify a RAID controller module, the
RAID controller module firmware determines the owner of the virtual disk.
The segmentSize parameter is the same as described for the autoConfigure
storageArray command. See "Using the Auto Configure Command" on
page 53.
The enclosureLossProtect parameter turns on or turns off enclosure loss
protection for the disk group. (For a description of how enclosure loss
protection works, see "Enclosure Loss Protection" on page 52.)
Example of Creating Virtual Disks with User-Assigned Physical Disks
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create virtualDisk
physicalDisks=(0,0 0,1 0,2) raidLevel=5 userLabel=
\"Engineering_1\" capacity=20 GB owner=0;"
NOTE: The capacity parameter returns an error if you specify a value greater than
or equal to 10 without a space separating the numeric value and its unit of measure.
(For example, 10GB will return an error, but 10 GB will not return an error).
Configuring a Storage Array
49
The command in this example automatically creates a new disk group and a
virtual disk with the name Engineering_1. The disk group will have a RAID
level of 5 (RAID 5). The command uses three physical disks to construct the
disk group. The virtual disk created has a capacity of 20 GB. If each physical
disk has a capacity of 73 GB, the total capacity of the disk group is 219 GB.
Because only 20 GB are assigned to the virtual disk, 199 GB remain available
for other virtual disks that you can later add to this disk group. The segment
size for each virtual disk is 64 KB. Hot spares have not been created for this
new disk group. You must create hot spares after running this command.
Creating Virtual Disks with Software-Assigned Physical Disks
You can let the MD Storage Manager software assign the physical disks when
you create the virtual disk. To have the software assign the physical disks, you
need only specify the number of physical disks to use. The MD Storage
Manager software then chooses the physical disks on which the virtual disk is
created. The RAID controller module firmware assigns a disk group number
to the new disk group. The following syntax is the general form for the
command:
create virtualDisk physicalDiskCount=
numberOfPhysicalDisks raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
userLabel="virtualDiskName" [physicalDiskType=
(SAS | SATA)] [capacity=virtualDiskCapacity |
owner=(0 | 1) | segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
[enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)])
NOTE: The physicalDiskType, capacity, owner, segmentSize, and
enclosureLossProtect parameters are optional. You can use one or all of the
optional parameters as needed to help define your configuration. You do not,
however, need to use any optional parameters.
This command is similar to the previous create virtualDisk command, which
allows the user to assign the physical disks. This version of the command
requires only the number and the type of physical disks to use in the disk
group. You do not need to enter a list of physical disks. All other parameters
are the same. Enclosure loss protection is performed differently when MD
Storage Manager assigns the physical disks as opposed to when a user assigns
the physical disks. (For an explanation of the difference, see "Enclosure Loss
Protection" on page 52.)
50
Configuring a Storage Array
Example of Creating Virtual Disks with Software-Assigned Physical Disks
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create virtualDisk
physicalDiskCount=3 raidLevel=5 userLabel=
\"Engineering_1"\ capacity=20 GB owner=0
segmentSize=64;"
The command in this example creates the same virtual disk as the previous
create virtualDisk command, however, in this case the user does not know
which physical disks are assigned to this disk group.
Creating Virtual Disks in an Existing Disk Group
To add a new virtual disk to an existing disk group, use the following
command:
create virtualDisk DiskGroup=diskGroupNumber
userLabel="virtualDiskName" [freeCapacityArea=
freeCapacityIndexNumber | capacity=
virtualDiskCapacity | owner=(0 | 1) | segmentSize=
segmentSizeValue]
NOTE: The freeCapacityArea, capacity, owner, and segmentSize parameters are
optional. You can use one or all optional parameters as needed to help define your
configuration, though you do not need to use any of them.
The diskGroup parameter is the number of the disk group in which you want
to create a new virtual disk. If you do not know the disk group numbers on the
storage array, you can use the show allVirtualDisks summary command. This
command displays a list of the virtual disks and the disk groups to which the virtual
disks belong.
The userLabel parameter is the name you want to give to the virtual disk. The
virtual disk name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters,
hyphens, and underscores. The maximum length of the virtual disk name is
30 characters. You must enclose the virtual disk name with quotation marks
(" ").
The freeCapacityArea parameter defines the free capacity area to use for the
virtual disk. If a disk group has several free capacity areas, you can use this
parameter to identify which free capacity area to use for virtual disk creation.
You do not have to assign the entire capacity of the physical disks to the
virtual disk. Assign any unused space to another virtual disk at another time.
Configuring a Storage Array
51
The userLabel, capacity, owner, and segmentSize parameters are the same as in
the previous versions of the create virtualDisk command.
Enclosure Loss Protection
The enclosureLossProtect parameter is a boolean switch that turns enclosure
loss protection on or off. To work properly, each physical disk in a virtual disk
group must be in a separate enclosure. Enclosure loss protection is set under
the following conditions:
•
You assign the physical disks.
•
The RAID controller module assigns the physical disks.
The following table shows possible results for the enclosureLossProtect
parameter. The results depend on whether you assign the physical disks or the
RAID controller module assigns the physical disks.
Method
enclosureLossProtect=
TRUE
enclosureLossProtect=FALSE
You assign the physical If you select more than one
disks.
physical disk from any one
enclosure, the storage array
returns an error.
The storage array performs the
operation, but the created disk
group does not have enclosure
loss protection.
The RAID controller
module firmware
assigns the physical
disks.
The storage array performs the
operation even if it means that
the disk group might not have
enclosure loss protection.
The storage array posts an
error if the RAID controller
module firmware cannot
provide physical disks to
ensure that the new disk
group has enclosure loss
protection.
The enclosureLossProtect parameter is not valid when creating virtual disks on
existing disk groups.
52
Configuring a Storage Array
Using the Auto Configure Command
The autoConfigure storageArray command creates the disk groups on a
storage array, the virtual disks in the disk groups, and the hot spares for the
storage array. When you use the autoConfigure storageArray command,
define the following parameters:
•
Type of physical disks (Serial Attached SCSI [SAS] or Serial Advanced
Technology Attachment [SATA])
•
RAID level
•
Number of physical disks in a disk group
•
Number of disk groups
•
Number of virtual disks in each disk group
•
Number of hot spares
•
Size of each segment on the physical disks
After defining these parameters, the MD Storage Manager automatically
creates the disk groups, virtual disks, and hot spares. The RAID controller
modules assign disk group and virtual disk numbers as they are created. After
MD Storage Manager creates the initial configuration, you can use the set
virtualDisk command to define virtual disk labels.
Before running the autoConfigure storageArray command, run the show
storageArray autoConfigure command. The show storageArray
autoConfigure command returns a list of parameter values that MD Storage
Manager will use to create a storage array. Change any of the parameter values
by entering new values for the parameters when you run the autoConfigure
storageArray command. If you are satisfied with the parameter values that the
show storageArray autoConfiguration command returns, run the
autoConfigure storageArray command without new parameter values.
The following syntax is the general form of autoConfigure storageArray
command:
autoConfigure storageArray [physicalDiskType=
(SAS | SATA) raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6) |
diskGroupWidth=numberOfPhysicalDisks |
diskGroupCount=numberOfDiskGroups |
virtualDisksPerGroupCount=
numberOfVirtualDisksPerGroup | hotSpareCount=
numberOfHotspares | segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
Configuring a Storage Array
53
NOTE: All parameters are optional. You can use one or all of the parameters as
needed to define your configuration.
When you use the autoConfigure storageArray command without specifying
the number of disk groups, the firmware determines how many virtual disks
and disk groups to create. The firmware creates one disk group and one virtual
disk up to the maximum number that the storage array can support. When
you specify the number of disk groups, the firmware creates only that number
of disk groups. When you create more than one disk group, all of the disk
groups have the same number of physical disks and the same number of
virtual disks.
•
The diskGroupWidth parameter defines the number of unassigned
physical disks wanted for each new disk group.
•
The diskGroupCount parameter defines the number of new disk groups
wanted in the storage array.
•
The virtualDisksPerGroupCount parameter defines the number of virtual
disks wanted in each disk group.
•
The hotSpareCount parameter defines the number of hot spares wanted
in each disk group.
•
The segmentSize parameter defines the amount of data in kilobytes that
the RAID controller module writes on a single physical disk in a virtual disk
before writing data on the next physical disk. The smallest units of storage
are data blocks. Each data block stores 512 bytes of data. The size of a
segment determines how many data blocks that it contains. An 8-KB
segment holds 16 data blocks. A 64-KB segment holds 128 data blocks.
Valid values for the segment size are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512.
When you enter a value for the segment size, the value is checked against
the supported values provided by the RAID controller module at run time.
If the value you enter is not valid, the RAID controller module returns a
list of valid values.
If the virtual disk is for a single user with large I/O requests (such as
multimedia), performance is maximized when a single I/O request can be
serviced with a single data stripe. A data stripe is the segment size multiplied
by the number of physical disks in the disk group that are used for data
storage. In this environment, multiple physical disks are used for the same
request, but each physical disk is accessed only once.
54
Configuring a Storage Array
For optimal performance in a multi-user database or file system storage
environment, set the segment size to minimize the number of physical disks
needed to satisfy an I/O request. Using a single physical disk for a single
request leaves other physical disks available to simultaneously service other
requests.
After you have finished creating the disk groups and virtual disks by using the
autoConfigure storageArray command, you can further define the properties
of the virtual disks in a configuration using the set virtualDisk command.
(See "Modifying Your Configuration" on page 55.)
Example of the Auto Configuration Command
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "autoConfigure
storageArray physicalDiskType=SAS raidLevel=5
diskGroupWidth=8 diskGroupCount=3
virtualDisksPerGroupCount=4 hotSpareCount=2
segmentSize=8;"
The command in this example creates a storage array configuration that uses
SAS physical disks set to RAID level 5. Three disk groups are created. Each
disk group consists of eight physical disks configured into four virtual disks.
The storage array has two hot spares, and segment size for each virtual disk is
8 KB.
Modifying Your Configuration
After creating your initial configuration, modify the properties of the
configuration to ensure that it meets your requirements for data storage. Use
the following commands to modify the properties of your configuration:
•
autoConfigure storageArray
•
create virtualDisk
Use the set commands to modify a storage array configuration. This section
explains how to modify the following properties:
•
Storage array password
•
Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) and Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) alerts
•
RAID controller module clocks
Configuring a Storage Array
55
•
Storage array host type
•
Global hot spares
NOTE: Before modifying your configuration, save a copy of your current
configuration to a file (see "Saving a Configuration to a File" on page 47). If you have
problems with your modifications, you can use the information in the file to restore
your previous configuration.
Setting the Storage Array Password
The set storageArray command enables you to define a password for a storage
array. The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set storageArray password="password"
The password parameter defines a password for the storage array. Passwords
provide added security to a storage array to reduce the possibility of
implementing destructive commands.
NOTE: CLI commands do not have interactive warnings for destructive commands.
NOTICE: Implementing destructive commands can cause serious damage,
including data loss.
Unless you define a password for the storage array, anyone can run all of the
script commands. A password protects the storage array from any command
that the RAID controller modules consider destructive. A destructive
command is any command that can change the state of the storage array, such
as virtual disk creation, reset, delete, rename, or change. If you have more
than one storage array in a storage configuration, each array has a separate
password. Passwords can have a maximum length of 30 characters. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the password. The following example shows
how to use the set storageArray command to define a password:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set storageArray
password=\"1a2b3c4d5e"\;"
Setting Up SMTP and SNMP Alerts
The storage array can be set up to send automatic email alert messages to
specified email addresses when specific events occur. View the current alert
configuration settings using the following command:
SMcli -d -i -s -w -v -S
56
Configuring a Storage Array
By default, all alert configuration settings are None.
The following example shows how to set the mail server IP and the sender
address configurations for SMTP alerts:
SMcli -m 123.45.67.89 -F
MyStorageArrayEvent@MyCompany.com
or
SMcli -m MyCompany.com -F
MyStorageArrayEvent@MyCompany.com
An example of a command to set the email alert destination and specify that
only event information is to be sent is:
SMcli -a email:MyCompanySupport@MyCompany.com
123.45.67.89 -I eventOnly
The following example shows how to set the SNMP trap alert configuration.
In this example, the trap destination is 123.45.67.891. The storage array is
123.45.67.892, and the community name is public.
SMcli -a trap:public, 123.45.67.891 123.45.67.892
Setting the RAID Controller Module Clocks
To synchronize the clocks on the RAID controller modules with the host, use
the set storageArray time command. Running this command helps ensure
that event timestamps written by RAID controller modules to the Major
Event Log (MEL) match event timestamps written to the host log files. The
RAID controller modules remain available during synchronization. An
example of the command is:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set storageArray
time;"
Setting the Storage Array Host Type
The set storageArray command enables you to define the default host type.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set storageArray defaultHostType=(hostTypeName |
hostTypeIdentifier)
Configuring a Storage Array
57
The defaultHostType parameter defines how the RAID controller modules
communicate with the operating system on undefined hosts connected to the
storage array. This parameter defines the host type only for storage array data
I/O activities; it does not define the host type for the management station.
The operating system can be Windows or Linux. For example, if you set the
defaultHostType to Linux, the RAID controller module communicates with
any undefined host if the undefined host is running Linux. Typically, you
need to change the host type only when you are setting up the storage array.
The only time you might need to use this parameter is if you need to change
how the storage array behaves relative to the hosts.
Before you can define the default host type, you need to determine what host
types are connected to the storage array. To return information about host
types connected to the storage array, you can use the show storageArray
command with the defaultHostType parameter or hostTypeTable parameter.
This command returns a list of the host types with which the RAID controller
modules can communicate; it does not return a list of the hosts. The
following examples show how to use the defaultHostType parameter and the
hostTypeTable parameter:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storageArray
defaultHostType;"
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storageArray
hostTypeTable;"
The following example shows how to define a specific default host type:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set storageArray
defaultHostType=11;"
The value 11 is the host type index value from the host type table.
Setting Modification Priority
Modification priority defines how much processing time is allocated for virtual
disk modification operations. Time allocated for virtual disk modification
operations affects system performance. Increases in virtual disk modification
priority can reduce read/write performance. Operations affected by modification
priority include:
58
•
Copyback
•
Reconstruction
Configuring a Storage Array
•
Initialization
•
Changing segment size
•
Defragmentation of a disk group
•
Adding free capacity to a disk group
•
Changing the RAID level of a disk group
The lowest priority rate favors system performance, but the modification
operation takes longer. The highest priority rate favors the modification
operation, but the system performance might be degraded.
The set virtualDisk command enables you to define the modification priority
for a virtual disk. The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen] | virtualDisk <wwid> |
accessVirtualDisk) modificationPriority=(highest |
high | medium | low | lowest)
The following example shows how to use this command to set the
modification priority for virtual disks named Engineering 1 and
Engineering 2:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set virtualDisks
[\"Engineering_1\" \"Engineering_2\"]
modificationPriority=lowest;"
The modification rate is set to lowest so that system performance is not
significantly reduced by modification operations.
Assigning Global Hot Spares
Hot spare physical disks can replace any failed physical disk in the storage
array. The hot spare must be the same type of physical disk as the physical
disk that failed and must have capacity greater than or equal to any physical
disk that can fail. If a hot spare is smaller than a failed physical disk, the hot
spare cannot be used to rebuild the data from the failed physical disk. Hot
spares are available only for RAID levels 1 or 5.
Configuring a Storage Array
59
You can assign or unassign global hot spares by using the set physicalDisk
command. To use this command, you must perform these steps:
1 Identify the location of the physical disks by enclosure ID and slot ID.
2 Set the hotSpare parameter to TRUE to enable the hot spare or FALSE to
disable an existing hot spare.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set (physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] |
physicalDisks [enclosureID0,slotID0 ...
enclosureIDn,slotIDn] hotSpare=(TRUE | FALSE)
The following example shows how to use this command to set hot spare
physical disks:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set physicalDisks
[0,2 0,3] hotSpare=TRUE;"
Enter the enclosure ID and slot ID of each physical disk that you want to use.
You must put brackets ([ ]) around the list. Separate the enclosure ID and
slot ID of a physical disk by a comma. Separate each enclosure ID and slot ID
pair by a space.
60
Configuring a Storage Array
Using the Snapshot Feature
This chapter describes how the Snapshot feature works, lists the snapshot
script commands, and explains how to use the commands to create snapshot
virtual disks. Additional information about the Snapshot feature and related
definitions is available in the online help, the Installation Guide, the MD
Storage Manager User’s Guide, and the Owner’s Manual.
The Snapshot feature creates a snapshot virtual disk that you can use as a
backup of your data. A snapshot virtual disk is a logical point-in-time image of
a standard virtual disk. Because it is not a physical copy, a snapshot virtual
disk is created more quickly than a physical copy and requires less physical
disk space. Typically, you create a snapshot virtual disk so that an application,
such as a backup application, can access the snapshot virtual disk. The
application reads the data while the source virtual disk remains online and
user accessible. You can also create several snapshot virtual disks of a source
virtual disk and write data to the snapshot virtual disks to perform testing and
analysis.
NOTE: If you ordered Premium Features for the Snapshot Virtual Disks, you
received a Premium Features Activation card shipped in the same box as your Dell
PowerVault™ MD storage array. Follow the directions on the card to obtain a key
file and to enable the feature. For more information, see "Premium Feature —
Snapshot Virtual Disks" in the User’s Guide.
Snapshot virtual disks allow you to perform the following tasks:
•
Create a complete image of the data on a source virtual disk at a particular
point in time.
•
Use only a small amount of disk space.
•
Provide quick, frequent, nondisruptive backups; or test new versions of a
database system without affecting actual data.
•
Provide for snapshot virtual disks to be read, written, and copied.
•
Use the same availability characteristics of the source virtual disk (such as
redundant array of independent disks (RAID) protection and redundant
path failover).
Using the Snapshot Feature
61
•
Map the snapshot virtual disk and make it accessible to any host on a
storage area network. You can make snapshot data available to secondary
hosts for read and write access by mapping the snapshot to the hosts.
•
Create up to four snapshots per virtual disk.
NOTE: The maximum number of snapshot virtual disks is one-half of the total
number of virtual disks supported by the RAID controller module.
•
Increase the capacity of a snapshot virtual disk.
Table 4-1 lists the components that comprise a snapshot virtual disk and
briefly describes what they do.
Component
Description
Source virtual disk
Standard virtual disk from which the snapshot is
created
Snapshot virtual disk
Point-in-time image of a standard virtual disk
Snapshot repository virtual disk
Virtual disk that contains snapshot metadata and
copy-on-write data for a particular snapshot
virtual disk
Table 4-1 lists the snapshot virtual disk commands and brief descriptions of
what the commands do.
Table 4-1.
Snapshot Virtual Disk Commands
Command
Description
create snapshotVirtualDisk Creates a snapshot virtual disk.
re-create snapshot
Starts a fresh copy-on-write operation by using an
existing snapshot virtual disk.
set (snapshotVirtualDisk)
Defines the properties for a snapshot virtual disk and
enables you to rename a snapshot virtual disk.
stop snapshot
Stops a copy-on-write operation.
62
Using the Snapshot Feature
Using Host Servers to Create an Initial Snapshot
Virtual Disk
NOTICE: Before using the Snapshot Virtual Disks Premium Feature in a Microsoft®
Windows® clustered configuration, you must first map the snapshot virtual disk to
the cluster node that owns the source virtual disk. This ensures that the cluster
nodes correctly recognize the snapshot virtual disk.
If you map the snapshot virtual disk to the node that does not own the source virtual
disk before the snapshot enabling process is completed, the operating system may
fail to correctly identify the snapshot virtual disk. This can result in data loss on the
source virtual disk or an inaccessible snapshot.
For details on mapping the snapshot virtual disk to the secondary node, refer to the
Dell PowerEdge™ Cluster SE600W Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
on support.dell.com
NOTE: You can create concurrent snapshots of a source virtual disk on both the
source disk group and on another disk group.
Before creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk, note the following:
•
The following types of virtual disks are not valid source virtual disks:
snapshot repository virtual disks, snapshot virtual disks, target virtual disks
that are participating in a virtual disk copy.
•
You cannot create a snapshot of a virtual disk that contains unreadable
sectors.
•
You must satisfy the requirements of your host operating system for
creating snapshot virtual disks. Failure to meet the requirements of your
host operating system results in an inaccurate point-in-time image of the
source virtual disk or the target virtual disk in a virtual disk copy.
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk
The create snapshotVirtualDisk command provides three methods for
defining the physical disks for your snapshot repository virtual disk:
•
Define each physical disk for the snapshot repository virtual disk by
enclosure ID and slot ID.
•
Define a disk group in which the snapshot repository virtual disk resides.
Optionally define the capacity of the repository virtual disk.
Using the Snapshot Feature
63
•
Define the number of physical disks, but not specific physical disks, for the
repository virtual disk.
When using the create snapshotVirtualDisk command to create a snapshot
virtual disk, the standard virtual disk name for the source virtual disk is the
minimum information required. When you provide only the standard virtual
disk name, the storage management software provides default values for the
other required property parameters for a snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: In some cases, depending on the host operating system and any virtual disk
manager software in use, the software prevents you from mapping the same host to
both a source virtual disk and its associated snapshot virtual disk.
An error message appears in the command line when the utility cannot
distinguish between the following:
•
Source virtual disk and snapshot virtual disk (for example, if the snapshot
virtual disk has been removed)
•
Standard virtual disk and virtual disk copy (for example, if the virtual disk
copy has been removed)
If you are running a Linux operating system, run the hot_add utility to
register the snapshot virtual disk with the host operating system.
NOTE: The hot_add utility is not available for Windows.
Enabling the Snapshot Virtual Disk Feature
The first step in creating a snapshot virtual disk is to make sure the feature is
enabled on the storage array. You need a feature key to enable the feature. The
command for enabling the feature key file is:
enable storageArray feature file="filename"
where the file parameter is the complete file path and file name of a valid
feature key file. Enclose the file path and file name in quotation marks (" ").
Valid file names for feature key files usually end with .key extension.
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk with User-Assigned Physical Disks
Creating a snapshot virtual disk by assigning the physical disks allows you to
choose from the available physical disks when defining your storage array
configuration. When you choose the physical disks for your snapshot virtual
disk, you automatically create a new disk group. You can specify which
physical disks to use and the RAID level for the new disk group.
64
Using the Snapshot Feature
Preparing Host Servers to Create an Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk
NOTICE: Before you create a new point-in-time image of a source virtual disk, stop
any data access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk to
ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time image of the source virtual disk.
Close all applications, including Windows Internet Explorer®, to make sure all I/O
activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the Snapshot.
Before creating a snapshot virtual disk, the server has to be in the proper state.
To ensure that the host server is properly prepared to create a snapshot virtual
disk, you can either use an application to carry out this task, or you can
perform the following steps:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source.
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to the source. At the host
prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. See "SMrepassist Utility" in the User’s Guide for more
information.
3 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source in Windows or unmount the
virtual drive(s) in Linux to help guarantee a stable copy of the drive for the
Snapshot. If this is not done, the snapshot operation will report that it has
completed successfully, but the snapshot data will not be updated properly.
NOTE: Verify that the virtual disk has a status of Optimal or Disabled by
clicking the Summary tab and then clicking the Disk Groups & Virtual Disks
link.
4 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable snapshot virtual
disks.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find those
instructions in your operating system documentation.
If you want to use a snapshot regularly, such as for backups, use the Disable
Snapshot and Re-create Snapshot options to reuse the snapshot. Disabling
and re-creating snapshots preserves the existing virtual disk-to-host mappings
to the snapshot virtual disk.
Using the Snapshot Feature
65
After your server has been prepared, see "Creating the Initial Snapshot Virtual
Disk" on page 66.
Creating the Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk
After first preparing the host server(s) as specified in the preceding procedure,
use the following examples to make a virtual disk snapshot.
The following syntax is the general form of the command to create a snapshot
virtual disk:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryRAIDLevel=(0 |
1 | 5) (repositoryPhysicalDisks=
(enclosureID0,slotID0 ... enclosureIDn,slotIDn)
userLabel="snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot)] [enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
NOTE: Use one or all of the optional parameters as needed to help define your
configuration. You do not, however, need to use any optional parameters.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Create an Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 65. The following example
shows a command in which users assign the physical disks:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
\"Mars_Spirit_4\" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDisks=(1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5);"
The command in this example creates a new snapshot of the source virtual
disk Mars_Spirit_4. The snapshot repository virtual disk consists of five
physical disks that form a new disk group. The new disk group has a RAID
level of 5. This command also takes a snapshot of the source virtual disk,
starting the copy-on-write operation.
66
Using the Snapshot Feature
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Create an Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 65. The following example is
the script file version of the command:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"Mars_Spirit_4" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDisks=(1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5);
A minimal version of this command might look like the following example:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
\"Mars_Spirit_4\";"
The command in this example creates a new snapshot for the source virtual
disk Mars_Spirit_4. The repository virtual disk is created in the same disk
group as the source virtual disk, which means that the repository virtual disk
has the same RAID level as the source virtual disk. This command starts the
copy-on-write operation.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Create an Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 65. The following example is
the script file version of the command:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"Mars_Spirit_4";
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk with Software-Assigned Physical
Disks
This version of the create snapshotVirtualDisk command lets you choose an
existing disk group in which to place the snapshot repository virtual disk. The
storage management software determines which physical disks to use. You can
also define how much space to assign to the repository virtual disk. Because
you are using an existing disk group, the RAID level for the snapshot virtual
disk defaults to the RAID level of the disk group in which you place it. You
cannot define the RAID level for the snapshot virtual disk. The general syntax
for this command is:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryDiskGroup=
diskGroupNumber freeCapacityArea=
freeCapacityIndexNumber userLabel=
Using the Snapshot Feature
67
"snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot)] [enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE |
FALSE)]
NOTE: Use one or all of the optional parameters as needed to define your
configuration. It is not necessary to use any optional parameters.
The following example is a command in which software assigns the physical
disks:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
\"Mars_Spirit_4\" repositoryDiskGroup=2
freeCapacityArea=2;"
The command in this example creates a new snapshot repository virtual disk
in disk group 2. The source virtual disk is Mars_Spirit_4. The size of the
snapshot repository is 4 GB. This command also takes a snapshot of the
source virtual disk, which starts the copy-on-write operation.
Define the capacity of a snapshot repository virtual disk as any percentage of
the size of the source virtual disk. A value of 20 percent is a good compromise
between size and speed. In the previous example, the size of the snapshot
repository is set to 4 GB. The underlying assumption is that the source virtual
disk size is 20 GB (0.2 x 20 GB = 4 GB).
The following example is the script file version of the command:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"Mars_Spirit_4" repositoryDiskGroup=2
freeCapacityArea=2;
68
Using the Snapshot Feature
Creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk by Specifying a Number of Physical
Disks
With this version of the create snapshotVirtualDisk command, you must
specify the number of physical disks and the RAID level for the snapshot
repository virtual disk. This version of the create snapshotVirtualDisk
command creates a new disk group. You must have physical disks in the
storage array that are not assigned to a disk group for this command to work:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryRAIDLevel=(0 |
1 | 5 | 6) repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=
numberOfPhysicalDisks physicalDiskType=(SAS |
SATA) userLabel="snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot)] [enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE |
FALSE)]
NOTE: Use one or all optional parameters as needed to define your configuration.
It is not necessary to use any optional parameters.
The following example is a command in which users specify the number of
physical disks:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
\"Mars_Spirit_4\" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=3;"
The command in this example creates a new snapshot repository virtual disk
that consists of three physical disks. The three physical disks comprise a new
disk group with a RAID level of 5. This command also takes a snapshot of the
source virtual disk, which starts the copy-on-write operation.
The following example is the script file version of the command:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"Mars_Spirit_4" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=3;
Using the Snapshot Feature
69
User-Defined Parameters
Parameters for the create snapshotVirtualDisk command enable you to
define the snapshot virtual disk to suit the requirements of your storage array.
Table 4-2 lists the parameters and descriptions of what the parameters do.
Table 4-2.
Snapshot Virtual Disk Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskType
Specifies the type of physical disk to use for the
snapshot repository virtual disk. The choice is either
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) or Serial Advanced
Technology Attachment (SATA). This parameter works
only with the count-based repository method of
defining a snapshot virtual disk.
repositoryDiskGroup
Specifies the disk group in which to build the snapshot
virtual disk. Default builds the snapshot repository
virtual disk in the same disk group as the source
virtual disk.
freeCapacityArea
Specifies the amount of storage space to use for the
snapshot repository virtual disk. Free storage space is
defined in units of bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, or
gigabytes.
userLabel
Specifies the name to give to the snapshot virtual disk.
If you do not choose a name for the snapshot virtual
disk, the RAID controller modules create a default
name using the source virtual disk name. For example,
if the source virtual disk name is Mars_Spirit_4 and it
does not have a snapshot virtual disk, the default
snapshot virtual disk name is Mars_Spirit_4-1. If the
source virtual disk already has n – 1 number of snapshot
virtual disks, the default name is Mars_Spirit_4-n.
70
Using the Snapshot Feature
Table 4-2.
Snapshot Virtual Disk Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
repositoryUserLabel
Specifies the name to give to the snapshot repository
virtual disk. If you do not choose a name for the
snapshot repository virtual disk, the RAID controller
modules create a default name using the source virtual
disk name. For example, if the source virtual disk name
is Mars_Spirit_4 and it does not have an associated
snapshot repository virtual disk, the default snapshot
repository virtual disk name is Mars_Spirit_4-R1. If the
source virtual disk already has n – 1 number of snapshot
repository virtual disks, the default name is
Mars_Spirit_4-Rn.
warningThresholdPercent
Specifies how full to allow the snapshot repository
virtual disk to get before sending a warning that the
snapshot repository virtual disk is close to capacity. The
warning value is a percentage of the total capacity of the
snapshot repository virtual disk. The default value is 50,
which represents 50 percent of total capacity. (Change
this value using the set snapshotVirtualDisk
command.)
repositoryPercentOfSource Specifies the size of the snapshot repository virtual disk
as a percentage of the source virtual disk size. The
default value is 20, which represents 20 percent of the
source virtual disk size.
repositoryFullPolicy
Specifies how snapshot processing continues if the
snapshot repository virtual disk is full. You can choose to
fail writes to the source virtual disk (failSourceWrites)
or fail writes to the snapshot virtual disk
(failSnapShot). The default value is failSnapShot.
The following example of the create snapshotVirtualDisk command includes
user-defined parameters:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
\"Mars_Spirit_4\" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=5 physicalDiskType=
SAS userLabel=\"Mars_Spirit_4_snap1\"
Using the Snapshot Feature
71
repositoryUserLabel=\"Mars_Spirit_4_rep1\"
warningThresholdPercent=75
repositoryPercentOfSource=40
repositoryFullPolicy=failSnapShot;"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"Mars_Spirit_4" repositoryRAIDLevel=5
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=5 physicalDiskType=
SAS userLabel="Mars_Spirit_4_snap1"
repositoryUserLabel="Mars_Spirit_4_rep1"
warningThresholdPercent=75
repositoryPercentOfSource=40
repositoryFullPolicy=failSnapShot;
NOTE: In the previous examples, the names for the snapshot virtual disk and
repository virtual disk are defined by the user. If you do not choose to create names
for the snapshot virtual disks or the repository virtual disks, the RAID controller
modules provide default names. (See "Names of Snapshot Virtual Disks and
Repository Virtual Disks" on page 72 for an explanation of naming conventions.)
Names of Snapshot Virtual Disks and Repository Virtual Disks
The names of snapshot virtual disks and repository virtual disks can be any
combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and underscores. The
maximum length of the virtual disk names is 30 characters. You must enclose
the name in quotation marks. The character string cannot contain a new line.
Make sure that you use unique names or the RAID controller module
firmware returns an error.
One technique for naming the snapshot virtual disk and the repository virtual
disk is to add a hyphenated suffix to the original name of the source virtual
disk. The suffix distinguishes between the snapshot virtual disk and the
repository virtual disk. For example, if you have a source virtual disk with a
name Engineering Data, the snapshot virtual disk can have a name
Engineering Data-S1. The repository virtual disk can have a name of
Engineering Data-R1.
If you do not choose a unique name for the either the snapshot virtual disk or
repository virtual disk, the RAID controller modules create a default name by
using the name of the source virtual disk. For example, if the name of the
source virtual disk is aaa and it does not have a snapshot virtual disk, then the
72
Using the Snapshot Feature
default name is aaa-1. If the source virtual disk already has n – 1 number of
snapshot virtual disks, then the default name is aaa-n. Similarly, if the name
of the source virtual disk is aaa and it does not have a repository virtual disk,
then the default repository virtual disk name is aaa-R1. If the source virtual
disk already has n – 1 number of repository virtual disks, then the default
name is aaa-Rn.
In the examples from the previous section, the user-defined name of the
snapshot virtual disk was Mars_Spirit_4_snap1. The user-defined name of
the repository virtual disk was Mars_Spirit_4_rep1. The default name
provided by the RAID controller module for the snapshot virtual disk would
be Mars_Spirit_4-1. The default name provided by the RAID controller
module for the repository virtual disk would be Mars_Spirit_4-R1.
Changing Snapshot Virtual Disk Settings
The set (snapshot) virtualDisk command enables you to change the property
settings for a snapshot virtual disk. Using this command, you can change the
following parameters:
•
Name of the snapshot virtual disk
•
Warning threshold percent
•
Repository full policy
The following example shows the command to change the name of a
snapshot virtual disk:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set virtualDisk
[\"Mars_Spirit_4-1\"] userLabel=\"Mars_Odyssey_32\";"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
set virtualDisk ["Mars_Spirit_4-1"] userLabel=
"Mars_Odyssey_3-2";
Using the Snapshot Feature
73
When you change the warning threshold percent and repository full policy,
you can apply the changes to one or several snapshot virtual disks. The
following example uses the set (snapshot) virtualDisk command to change
these properties on more than one snapshot virtual disk:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set virtualDisks
[\"Mars_Spirit_4-1\" \"Mars_Spirit_4-2\"
\"Mars_Spirit_4-3\"] warningThresholdPercent=50
repositoryFullPolicy=failSourceWrites;"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
set virtualDisks ["Mars_Spirit_4-1"
"Mars_Spirit_4-2" "Mars_Spirit_4-3"]
warningThresholdPercent=50 repositoryFullPolicy=
failSourceWrites;
Stopping and Deleting a Snapshot Virtual Disk
When you create a snapshot virtual disk, copy-on-write immediately starts
running. As long as a snapshot virtual disk is enabled, storage array
performance is affected by the copy-on-write operations to the associated
snapshot repository virtual disk. If you no longer want copy-on-write
operations to run, you can use the stop snapshot virtualDisk command to
stop the copy-on-write operations. When you stop a snapshot virtual disk, the
snapshot virtual disk and the repository virtual disk are still defined for the
source virtual disk; only copy-on-write has stopped. The following example
stops a snapshot virtual disk:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "stop snapshot
virtualDisks [\"Mars_Spirit_4-2\" \"Mars_Spirit_43\"];"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
stop snapshot virtualDisks ["Mars_Spirit_4-2"
"Mars_Spirit_4-3"];
When you stop the copy-on-write operations for a specific snapshot virtual
disk, only that snapshot virtual disk is disabled. All other snapshot virtual
disks remain in operation.
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Using the Snapshot Feature
Re-creating the Snapshot Virtual Disk
To restart a copy-on-write operation, use the recreate snapshot virtualDisk
command. This command starts a fresh copy-on-write operation using an
existing snapshot virtual disk. When you restart a snapshot virtual disk, the
snapshot virtual disk must have either an Optimal or a Disabled state.
The following conditions then occur:
•
All copy-on-write data previously on the snapshot repository virtual disk is
deleted.
•
Snapshot virtual disk and snapshot repository virtual disk parameters
remain the same as the previously disabled snapshot virtual disk and
snapshot repository virtual disk. You can also change the userLabel,
warningThresholdPercent, and repositoryFullPolicy parameters when you restart
the snapshot virtual disk.
•
The original names for the snapshot repository virtual disk are retained.
Preparing Host Servers to Re-create a Snapshot Virtual Disk
NOTICE: Before you create a new point-in-time image of a source virtual disk, stop
any data access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk and
snapshot virtual disk to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time image of
the source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet Explorer,
to make sure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the Snapshot.
Before re-creating a snapshot virtual disk, both the server and the associated
virtual disk you are re-creating have to be in the proper state. To ensure that
the host server is properly prepared to re-create a snapshot virtual disk, you
can either use an application to carry out this task, or you can perform the
following steps:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source and snapshot virtual disk (if mounted).
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to both the source and the
snapshot virtual disk (if mounted). At the host prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. See "SMrepassist Utility" in the User’s Guide for more
information.
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75
3 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source and (if mounted) snapshot virtual
disk in Windows or unmount the virtual drive(s) in Linux to help
guarantee a stable copy of the drive for the Snapshot. If this is not done,
the snapshot operation will report that it has completed successfully, but
the snapshot data will not be updated properly.
4 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable snapshot virtual
disks.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find
those instructions in your operating system documentation.
After your server has been prepared, see "Re-creating the Snapshot Virtual
Disk" on page 75 to re-create the snapshot virtual disk.
Re-creating a Snapshot Virtual Disk
After first preparing the host server(s) as specified in the preceding procedure,
use the following examples to re-create a virtual disk snapshot.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Re-create a Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 75. The following example shows
the command to restart a snapshot virtual disk:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "recreate snapshot
virtualDisks [\"Mars_Spirit_4-2\" \"Mars_Spirit_43\"];"
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Re-create a Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 75. The following example is the
script file version of the command:
recreate snapshot virtualDisks ["Mars_Spirit_4-2"
"Mars_Spirit_4-3"];
If you do not intend to use a snapshot virtual disk again, you can delete the
snapshot virtual disk using the delete virtualDisk command. When you
delete a snapshot virtual disk, the associated snapshot repository virtual disk
is also deleted.
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Using the Snapshot Feature
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
This chapter describes how the Virtual Disk Copy feature works, lists the
script commands for Virtual Disk Copy, and explains how to use the
commands to create and run Virtual Disk Copy. Additional information about
Virtual Disk Copy and related definitions is available in the online help, the
Installation Guide, the MD Storage Manager User’s Guide, and the Owner’s
Manual.
NOTE: If you ordered Premium Features for Virtual Disk Copy, you received a
Premium Features Activation card shipped in the same box as your Dell
PowerVault™ MD storage array. Follow the directions on the card to obtain a key
file and to enable the feature. For more information, see "Premium Feature — Virtual
Disk Copy" in the User’s Guide.
The Virtual Disk Copy feature enables you to copy data from one virtual disk
(the source) to another virtual disk (the target) in a single storage array. You
can use this feature to perform the following functions:
•
Back up data.
•
Copy data from disk groups that use smaller capacity physical disks to disk
groups using larger capacity physical disks.
•
Restore snapshot virtual disk data to the associated source virtual disk.
NOTE: The preferred method is to perform a Virtual Disk Copy from a Snapshot
Virtual Disk. This allows the original virtual disk used in the Snapshot operation to
remain in full use while the Snapshot of this virtual disk is used as the source for the
virtual disk copy operation.
NOTE: The Virtual Disk Copy for any Virtual Disk cannot be mounted on the same
host as the source Virtual Disk. The Microsoft® Windows® operating system does
not allow assigning a drive letter to the Virtual Disk Copy.
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
77
Table 5-1 lists the Virtual Disk Copy commands and briefly describes what
the commands do.
Table 5-1.
Virtual Disk Copy Commands
Command
Description
create virtualDiskCopy
Creates a virtual disk copy and starts the virtual disk
copy operation.
disable storageArray
feature=virtualDiskCopy
Turns off the current virtual disk copy operation.
enable storageArray feature Activates the Virtual Disk Copy feature.
recopy virtualDiskCopy
Re-initiates a virtual disk copy operation by using an
existing virtual disk copy pair.
remove virtualDiskCopy
Removes a virtual disk copy pair.
set virtualDiskCopy
Defines the properties for a virtual disk copy pair.
show virtualDiskCopy
Returns information about virtual disk copy operations.
You can retrieve information about a specific virtual disk
copy pair, or all virtual disk copy pairs in the storage array.
show virtualDiskCopy
sourceCandidates
Returns information about the candidate virtual disks
that you can use as the source for a virtual disk copy
operation.
show virtualDiskCopy
targetCandidates
Returns information about the candidate virtual disks
that you can use as the target for a virtual disk copy
operation.
stop virtualDiskCopy
Stops a virtual disk copy operation.
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy
Before creating a virtual disk copy, ensure that a suitable target virtual disk
exists on the storage array, or create a new target virtual disk specifically for
the virtual disk copy. The target virtual disk must have a capacity equal to or
greater than the source virtual disk.
You can have a maximum of eight virtual disk copies in progress at one time.
Any virtual disk copy greater than eight has a status of Pending until one of the
virtual disk copies with a status of In Progress completes.
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Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
The following steps show the general process for creating a virtual disk copy:
1 Enable the Virtual Disk Copy feature.
2 Determine candidates for a virtual disk copy.
3 Create the target virtual disk and source virtual disk for a virtual disk copy.
Enabling the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
The first step in creating a virtual disk copy is to make sure the feature is
enabled on the storage array. You need a feature key to enable the feature. To
enable the feature key file, use the command:
enable storageArray feature file="filename"
where the file parameter is the complete file path and file name of a valid
feature key file. Enclose the file path and file name in quotation marks (" ").
Valid file names for feature key files usually end with a .key extension.
Determining Virtual Disk Copy Candidates
All virtual disks might not be available for use in virtual disk copy operations.
To determine which candidate virtual disks on the storage array can be used
as a source virtual disk, use the show virtualDiskCopy sourceCandidates
command. To determine which candidate virtual disks on the storage array
can be used as a target virtual disk, use the show virtualDiskCopy
targetCandidates command. These commands return a list of the expansion
enclosure, slot, and capacity information for source virtual disk and target
virtual disk candidates. You can use the show virtualDiskCopy
sourceCandidates and the show virtualDiskCopy targetCandidates
commands only after you have enabled the virtual disk copy feature.
Creating a Virtual Disk Copy
NOTICE: A virtual disk copy overwrites data on the target virtual disk. Ensure that
you no longer need the data or have backed up the data on the target virtual disk
before starting a virtual disk copy.
When you create a virtual disk copy, you must define which virtual disks to
use for the source virtual disk and target virtual disks. Define the source
virtual disk and target virtual disk by the name of each virtual disk. You can
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
79
also define the copy priority and choose whether you want the target virtual
disk to be write enabled or read only after the data is copied from the source
virtual disk.
Preparing Host Servers to Create a Virtual Disk Copy
NOTICE: Before you create a new copy of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk (and, if
applicable, the target disk) to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time
image of the source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet
Explorer, to make sure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the virtual disk copy.
Before creating a virtual disk copy, both the server and the associated virtual
disk you are copying have to be in the proper state. To ensure that the host
server is properly prepared to create a virtual disk copy, you can either use an
application to carry out this task, or you can perform the following steps:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source and target virtual disk.
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to both the source and the
target virtual disk (if mounted). At the host prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. See "SMrepassist Utility" in the User’s Guide for more
information.
3 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source and (if mounted) virtual disk in
Windows or unmount the virtual drive(s) in Linux to help guarantee a
stable copy of the drive for the virtual disk. If this is not done, the copy
operation will report that it has completed successfully, but the copied
data will not be updated properly.
4 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable virtual disk copies.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find
those instructions in your operating system documentation.
After your server has been prepared, see "Copying the Virtual Disk" on
page 81 to copy the virtual disk.
80
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
Copying the Virtual Disk
After first preparing the host server(s) as specified in the preceding procedure,
use the following examples to make a virtual disk copy.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
create virtualDiskCopy source="sourceName" target=
"targetName" [copyPriority=(highest | high |
medium | low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE)]
NOTE: Use one or both of the optional parameters as needed to help define your
configuration. It is not necessary to use any optional parameters.
Once the virtual disk copy has started, the source virtual disk will be read only
to all I/O activity. Any write attempts to the source virtual disk will fail until
the operation completes.
Once the virtual disk copy operation is completed register the target virtual
disk with the OS to be used by performing the following steps:
•
Enable write permission on the target virtual disk by either removing the
Virtual Disk Copy Pair or explicitly setting write permission.
–
In Windows, assign a drive letter to the virtual disk.
–
In Linux, mount the virtual disk.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Create a Virtual Disk Copy" on page 80. The create virtualDiskCopy
command might look like the following example:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "create
virtualDiskcopy source=\"Jaba_Hut\" target=
\"Obi_1\" copyPriority=medium
targetreadonlyenabled=true"
The command in this example copies the data from the source virtual disk
named Jaba_Hut to the target virtual disk named Obi_1. Setting the copy
priority to medium provides a compromise between the following storage
array operations:
•
The speed with which the data is copied from the source virtual disk to the
target virtual disk
•
The amount of processing resource required for data transfers to other
virtual disks in the storage array
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
81
Setting the targetReadOnlyEnabled parameter to TRUE means that write
requests cannot be made to the target virtual disk. This setting also ensures
that the data on the target virtual disk remains unaltered.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Create a Virtual Disk Copy" on page 80. The following example is the script
file version of the command:
create virtualDiskcopy source="Jaba_Hut" target=
"Obi_1" copyPriority=medium targetreadonlyenabled=
true;
After the virtual disk copy operation is completed, the target virtual disk
automatically becomes read-only to the hosts. Any write requests to the target
virtual disk are rejected, unless you disable the read-only attribute. Use the set
virtualDiskCopy command to disable the read-only attribute.
Viewing Virtual Disk Copy Properties
Using the show virtualDiskCopy command, you can view information about
one or more selected source virtual disks or target virtual disks. This
command returns the following information:
•
The virtual disk role (target or source)
•
The copy status
•
The start timestamp
•
The completion timestamp
•
The virtual disk copy priority
•
The read-only attribute setting for the target virtual disk
•
The source virtual disk World Wide Identifier (WWID) or the target
virtual disk WWID
A virtual disk can be a source virtual disk for one virtual disk copy and a target
virtual disk for another virtual disk copy. If a virtual disk participates in more
than one virtual disk copy, the details are repeated for each associated copy
pair.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
show virtualDiskCopy (allVirtualDisks | source
[sourceName] | target [targetName])
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Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
The following example shows a command that returns information about a
virtual disk used for a virtual disk copy:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show virtualDiskCopy
source [\"Jaba_Hut\"];"
The command in the preceding example requests information about the
source virtual disk Jaba_Hut. If you want information about all virtual disks,
use the allVirtualDisks parameter. You can also request information about a
specific target virtual disk.
The following example is the script file version of the command:
show virtualDiskCopy source ["Jaba_Hut"];
Changing Virtual Disk Copy Settings
The set virtualDiskCopy command enables you to change the property
settings for a virtual disk copy pair. Using this command, you can change the
following items:
•
Copy priority
•
Read/write permission for the target virtual disk
Copy priority has five relative settings, which range from highest to lowest.
The highest priority supports the virtual disk copy, but I/O activity might be
affected. The lowest priority supports I/O activity, but the virtual disk copy
takes longer. You can change the copy priority at three different times in the
operation:
•
Before the virtual disk copy begins
•
While the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress
•
After the virtual disk copy has completed re-creating a virtual disk copy
using the recopy virtualDiskCopy command
When you create a virtual disk copy pair and after the original virtual disk
copy has completed, the target virtual disk is automatically defined as readonly to the hosts. The read-only status of the target virtual disk ensures that
the copied data on the target virtual disk is not corrupted by additional writes
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
83
to the target virtual disk after the virtual disk copy is created. Maintain the
read-only status when the following conditions apply:
•
You are using the target virtual disk for backup purposes
•
You are copying data from one disk group to a larger disk group for greater
accessibility
•
You are planning to use the data on the target virtual disk to copy back to
the source virtual disk in case of a disabled or failed snapshot virtual disk
At other times you might want to write additional data to the target virtual
disk. You can use the set virtualDiskCopy command to reset the read/write
permission for the target virtual disk.
NOTE: If you enabled host writes to the target virtual disk, read and write requests
are rejected while the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, Pending, or
Failed.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]] copyPriority=(highest | high |
medium | low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE)
NOTE: Use one or both of the parameters as needed to help define your
configuration. It is not necessary to use either parameter.
The following example shows how to change parameters using the set
virtualDiskCopy command:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "set virtualDiskcopy
target [\"Obi_1\"] copyPriority=highest
targetreadonlyenabled=false;"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
set virtualDiskcopy target ["Obi_1"] copyPriority=
highest targetreadonlyenabled=false;
Recopying a Virtual Disk
NOTICE: The recopy virtualDiskCopy command overwrites existing data on the
target virtual disk and makes the target virtual disk read-only to hosts. The recopy
virtualDiskCopy command fails all snapshot virtual disks associated with the target
virtual disk, if any exist.
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Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
Using the recopy virtualDiskCopy command, you can create a new virtual
disk copy for a previously defined copy pair that has a status of Stopped,
Failed, or Completed. Use the recopy virtualDiskCopy command to create
backups of the target virtual disk, then copy the backup to tape for off-site
storage. When using the recopy virtualDiskCopy command to make a
backup, you cannot write to source while the recopy is running. The recopy
might take a long time.
When you run the recopy virtualDiskCopy command, the data on the source
virtual disk is copied in its entirety to the target virtual disk.
Reset the copy priority for the recopy operation by using the recopy
virtualDiskCopy command. The higher priorities allocate storage array
resources to the virtual disk copy at the expense of storage array performance.
Preparing Host Servers to Recopy a Virtual Disk
NOTICE: Before you create a new copy of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk (and, if
applicable, the target disk) to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time
image of the source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet
Explorer, to make sure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the virtual disk copy.
Before creating a new virtual disk copy for an existing copy pair, both the
server and the associated virtual disk you are recopying have to be in the
proper state. To ensure that the host server is properly prepared to create a
virtual disk recopy, you can either use an application to carry out this task, or
you can perform the following steps:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the source and target virtual disk.
2 Using your Windows system, flush the cache to both the source and the
target virtual disk (if mounted). At the host prompt, type
SMrepassist -f <filename-identifier>
and press <Enter>. See "SMrepassist Utility" in the User’s Guide for more
information.
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
85
3 Remove the drive letter(s) of the source and (if mounted) virtual disk in
Windows or unmount the virtual drive(s) in Linux to help guarantee a
stable copy of the drive for the virtual disk. If this is not done, the copy
operation will report that it has completed successfully, but the copied
data will not be updated properly.
4 Follow any additional instructions for your operating system. Failure to
follow these additional instructions can create unusable virtual disk copies.
NOTE: If your operating system requires additional instructions, you can find
those instructions in your operating system documentation.
After your server has been prepared, see "Recopying the Virtual Disk" on
page 86 to recopy the virtual disk.
Recopying the Virtual Disk
After first preparing the host server(s) as specified in the preceding procedure,
use the following examples to make a virtual disk copy.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
recopy virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName] copyPriority=(highest | high | medium
| low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE |
FALSE)]
NOTE: Use one or all of the optional parameters as needed to help define your
configuration. It is not necessary to use any optional parameters.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Recopy a Virtual Disk" on page 85. The following example shows a command
that changes the copy priority:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "recopy
virtualDiskCopy target [\"Obi_1\"] copyPriority=
highest;"
The command in this example copies data from the source virtual disk
associated with the target virtual disk Obi_1 to the target virtual disk again.
The copy priority is set to the highest value to complete the virtual disk copy
as quickly as possible. The underlying consideration for using this command
is that you have already created the virtual disk copy pair. When you create a
virtual disk copy pair, you automatically created one virtual disk copy. Using
86
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
this command, you are copying the data from the source virtual disk to the
target virtual disk. You are making this copy because the data on the source
virtual disk changed since the previous copy was made.
Refer to steps 1 through 4 in the preceding section, "Preparing Host Servers to
Recopy a Virtual Disk" on page 85. The following example is the script file
version of the command:
recopy virtualDiskCopy target ["Obi_1"]
copyPriority=highest;
Stopping a Virtual Disk Copy
The stop virtualDiskCopy command enables you to stop a virtual disk copy
that has a status of In Progress, Pending, or Failed. After you stop a virtual
disk copy, you can use the recopy virtualDiskCopy command to create a new
virtual disk copy using the original virtual disk copy pair. All mapped hosts
will have write access to the source virtual disk.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
stop virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]]
The following example shows a command to stop a virtual disk copy
operation:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "stop virtualDiskCopy
target [\"Obi_1\"];"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
stop virtualDiskCopy target ["Obi_1"];
Removing Copy Pairs
The remove virtualDiskCopy command enables you to remove a virtual disk
copy pair from the storage array configuration. All virtual disk copy
information for the source virtual disk and target virtual disk is removed from
the storage array configuration. The data on the source virtual disk or target
virtual disk is not deleted. Removing a virtual disk copy from the storage array
configuration also removes the read-only attribute for the target virtual disk.
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
87
NOTICE: If the virtual disk copy has a status of In Progress, you must stop the
virtual disk copy before you can remove the virtual disk copy pair from the storage
array configuration.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
remove virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]]
The following example shows a command to remove a virtual disk copy pair:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "remove
virtualDiskCopy target [\"Obi_1\"];"
The following example is the script file version of the command:
remove virtualDiskCopy target ["Obi_1"];
Interaction with Other Features
You can run the Virtual Disk Copy feature while running the following
features:
•
Storage Partitioning
•
Snapshot Virtual Disks
When running the Virtual Disk Copy feature with other features, you must
take the requirements of other features into consideration to ensure you set
up a stable storage array configuration.
You can also run the Virtual Disk Copy feature while running Dynamic
Virtual Disk Expansion.
Storage Partitioning
Storage partitioning enables hosts to share access to virtual disks in a storage
array. You create a storage partition when you define the following storage
array assignments:
•
A host
•
A host group
•
Virtual disk-to-logical unit number (LUN) mapping
The virtual disk-to-LUN mapping enables you to define which host group or
host has access to a particular virtual disk in the storage array.
88
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
After you create a virtual disk copy, the target virtual disk automatically
becomes read-only to hosts to ensure that the data is preserved. Hosts that
have been mapped to a target virtual disk do not have write access to the
virtual disk, and any attempt to write to the read-only target virtual disk
results in a host I/O error.
If you want hosts to have write access to the data on the target virtual disk,
use the set virtualDiskCopy command to disable the read-only attribute for
the target virtual disk.
Snapshot Virtual Disks
A snapshot virtual disk is a point-in-time image of a virtual disk. It is typically
created so that an application, such as a backup, can access the snapshot
virtual disk and read the data while the source virtual disk remains online and
accessible to hosts.
NOTICE: Before using the source virtual disk of a snapshot virtual disk as your
target, you must disable all snapshot virtual disks associated with the source virtual
disk. By disabling the snapshot virtual disks, you avoid altering the snapshot data if
the source virtual disk is changed.
Creating a snapshot virtual disk automatically creates a snapshot repository
virtual disk. The snapshot repository virtual disk stores information about the
data that has changed since the snapshot virtual disk was created. Snapshot
repository virtual disks cannot be selected as a source virtual disk or target
virtual disk in a virtual disk copy.
The virtual disk for which the point-in-time image is created is the source
virtual disk and must be a standard virtual disk in the storage array.
You can select snapshot virtual disks as the source virtual disk for a virtual disk
copy. Selecting a snapshot virtual disk is a good use of this feature, because it
enables complete backups without significant impact to the storage array I/O.
However, some I/O processing resources are lost to the copy operation.
The Snapshot Virtual Disk feature can be used with the Virtual Disk Copy
feature to back up data on the same storage array and to restore the data on the
snapshot virtual disk back to its original source virtual disk.
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
89
90
Using the Virtual Disk Copy Feature
Maintaining a Storage Array
Maintenance covers a broad spectrum of activities. Its goal is to keep a storage
array operational and available to all hosts. This chapter provides descriptions
of command line interface (CLI) and script commands that you can use to
perform storage array maintenance. The commands are organized into four
sections:
•
Routine maintenance
•
Performance tuning
•
Troubleshooting and diagnostics
•
Recovery operations
The organization is not a rigid approach, and you can use the commands as
appropriate for your storage array. The commands listed in this chapter do not
cover the entire array of commands you can use for maintenance. Other
commands, particularly the set commands, can provide diagnostic or
maintenance capabilities.
Routine Maintenance
Routine maintenance involves those tasks you might perform periodically to
ensure that the storage array is running as well as possible or to detect
conditions before they become problems.
Running a Media Scan
Media scan provides a method of detecting physical disk media errors before
they are found during a normal read from or write to the physical disks. Any
errors detected are reported to the Major Event Log (MEL). Media scan
provides an early indication of a potential drive failure and reduces the
possibility of encountering a media error during host operations. A media
Maintaining a Storage Array
91
scan is performed as a background operation and scans all data and
consistency information in defined user virtual disks. A media scan runs on all
virtual disks in the storage array with the following conditions:
92
•
An Optimal status
•
No modification operations in progress
•
Media scan enabled
•
Errors detected during a scan of a user virtual disk are reported to the MEL
and handled as:
–
Unrecovered media error — The physical disk could not read the
requested data on its first attempt or on any subsequent retries. For
virtual disks with redundancy protection, the data could not be
reconstructed from the redundant copy. The error is not corrected but
it is reported to the MEL.
–
Reconstructed media error — The physical disk could not read the
requested data on its first attempt or on any subsequent retries. The
data is reconstructed from the redundant copy, rewritten to the drive,
verified, and the error is reported to the MEL.
–
Recovered media error — The physical disk could not read the
requested data on its first attempt. The result of this action is that the
data is rewritten to the physical disk and verified. The error is reported
to the MEL.
–
Consistency mismatches — Consistency errors are found, and a media
error is forced on the block stripe so that it is found when the physical
disk is scanned again. If consistency is repaired, this forced media error
is removed. The result of this action is that the first ten consistency
mismatches found on a virtual disk are reported to the MEL.
–
Unfixable error — The data could not be read and consistency
information could not be used to regenerate it. For example,
consistency information cannot be used to reconstruct data on a
degraded virtual disk. The result of this action is that the error is
reported to the MEL.
Maintaining a Storage Array
The script command set provides two commands to define media scan
properties:
•
set virtualDisks
•
set storageArray
The set virtualDisk command enables a media scan for the virtual disk.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
set (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen] | virtualDisk <wwid>)
mediaScanEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
The set storageArray command defines how frequently a media scan is
run on a storage array. The following syntax is the general form of the
command:
set storageArray mediaScanRate=(disabled | 1-30)
Running a Consistency Check
Consistency checks are performed when media scans are run, if consistency
check is enabled on the virtual disk. (See "Running a Media Scan" on page 91
for an explanation about setting up and running media scans.) During a
consistency check, all data blocks in a virtual disk are scanned, and deteriorated
data is corrected. The method of correction depends on the redundant array of
independent disks (RAID) levels:
•
RAID 5 and RAID 6 virtual disks — Consistency is checked and repaired.
•
RAID 1 virtual disks — The data is compared between the mirrored
physical disks, and data inconsistencies are repaired.
•
RAID 0 virtual disks — No redundancy exists.
Before attempting a consistency check, you must enable the process with the
set virtualDisk command, which uses the following general form:
set (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen] | virtualDisk <wwid>)
consistencyCheckEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
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Resetting a RAID Controller Module
NOTICE: When you reset a RAID controller module, the RAID controller module is
not available for I/O operations until the reset is complete. If a host is using virtual
disks owned by the RAID controller module being reset, the I/O directed to the RAID
controller module is rejected. Before resetting the RAID controller module, ensure
that a multipath driver is installed on all hosts using these virtual disks. If a multipath
driver is not installed, the virtual disks will not be available.
Resetting a RAID controller module is the same as rebooting the RAID
controller module processors. To reset a RAID controller module, run the
following command:
reset controller [(0 | 1)]
Enabling RAID Controller Module Data Transfer
At times, a RAID controller module might become quiescent while running
diagnostics. If this occurs, the RAID controller module might become
unresponsive. To revive a RAID controller module, run the following
command:
enable controller [(0 | 1)] dataTransfer
Resetting Battery Age
NOTE: A smart battery module does not require the battery age to be reset.
After replacing the batteries in the storage array, you must reset the age of the
battery, either for an entire storage array or one battery in a specific RAID
controller module. To reset the age to zero days, run the following command:
reset storageArray batteryInstallDate [controller=
(0 | 1)]
Removing Persistent Reservations
Persistent reservations preserve virtual disk registrations and prevent hosts,
other than the host defined for the virtual disk, from accessing the virtual
disk. You must remove persistent reservations before you perform the
following changes to your configuration:
94
•
Change or delete logical unit number (LUN) mappings on a virtual disk
holding a reservation.
•
Delete virtual disk groups or virtual disks that have any reservations.
Maintaining a Storage Array
To determine which virtual disks have reservations, run the following
command:
show (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen]) reservations
To clear persistent virtual disk reservations, run the following command:
clear (allVirtualDisks |
virtualDisk[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks
[virtualDiskName1" ... "virtualDiskNamen])
reservations
Synchronizing RAID Controller Module Clocks
To synchronize the clocks on both RAID controller modules in a storage array
with the host clock, run the following command:
set storageArray time
Locating Physical Disks
At times, you might need to locate a specific physical disk. In very large
storage array configurations, this can sometimes be awkward. If you need to
locate a specific physical disk, turn on the indicator LED on the front of the
physical disk. To turn on the indicator LED on a physical disk, run the
following command:
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] blink
To turn off the indicator LED after locating the physical disk, run the
following command:
stop physicalDisk blink
Performance Tuning
Over time, as a storage array exchanges data between the hosts and physical
disks, its performance can degrade. Monitor the performance of a storage
array and make adjustments to the storage array operational settings to
improve performance.
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95
Monitoring Performance
Monitor the performance of a storage array by using the save storageArray
performanceStats command. This command saves performance information
to a file that you can review to determine how well the storage array is
running. Table 6-1 lists the performance information saved to the file.
Table 6-1.
Storage Array Performance Information
Type of Information
Description
Devices
Devices are:
• RAID Controller Modules — The RAID controller module
in slot 0 or 1 and a list of the virtual disks owned by the
RAID controller module
• Virtual Disk — A list of the virtual disk names
• Storage Array Totals — A list of the totals for both RAID
controller modules in an active-active RAID controller
module pair, regardless if one, both, or neither are selected
for monitoring
Total I/Os
Number of total I/Os performed since the storage array was
started
Read Percentage
Percentage of total I/Os that are read operations (calculate
the write percentage by subtracting the read percentage from
100 percent)
Cache Hit Percentage Percentage of reads that are fulfilled by data from the cache
rather than requiring an actual read from a physical disk
Current KB/second
Current transfer rate in kilobytes per second (current means
the number of kilobytes per second since the last time the
polling interval elapsed, causing an update to occur)
Maximum KB/second Highest data transfer value achieved in the current
kilobyte-per-second statistic block
Current IO/second
Current number of I/Os per second (current means the
number of I/Os per second since the last time the polling
interval elapsed, causing an update to occur)
Maximum IO/second
Highest number of I/Os achieved in the current
I/O-per-second statistic block
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Maintaining a Storage Array
The general form of the command is:
save storageArray performanceStats file="filename"
where file is the name of the file in which you want to save the performance
statistics. You can use any file name your operating system can support. The
default file type is .csv. The performance information is saved as a
comma-delimited file.
Before using the save storageArray performanceStats command, run the set
session performanceMonitorInterval and set session
performanceMonitorIterations commands to specify how often statistics are
collected.
Changing RAID Levels
When creating a disk group, define the RAID level for the virtual disks in that
group. You can later change the RAID level to improve performance or
provide more secure protection for your data. To change the RAID level, run
the following command:
set diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] raidLevel=
(0|1|5|6)
where diskGroupNumber is the number of the disk group for which to change
the RAID level.
Changing Segment Size
When creating a new virtual disk, define the segment size for that virtual
disk. You can later change the segment size to optimize performance. In a
multi-user database or file system storage environment, set your segment size
to minimize the number of physical disks needed to satisfy an I/O request.
Use larger values for the segment size. Using a single physical disk for a single
request leaves other disks available to simultaneously service other requests. If
the virtual disk is in a single-user large I/O environment, performance is
maximized when a single I/O request is serviced with a single data stripe; use
smaller values for the segment size. To change the segment size, run the
following command:
set virtualDisk ([virtualDiskName] | <wwid>)
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue
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97
where segmentSizeValue is the new segment size you want to set. Valid
segment size values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512. You can identify the
virtual disk by name or World Wide Identifier (WWID) (see "Set Virtual
Disk" on page 198).
Defragmenting a Disk Group
When you defragment a disk group, you consolidate the free capacity in the
disk group into one contiguous area. Defragmentation does not change the
way in which the data is stored on the virtual disks. As an example, consider a
disk group with five virtual disks. If you delete virtual disks 1 and 3, your disk
group is configured in the following manner:
space, virtual disk 2, space, virtual disk 4, virtual disk 5, original unused
space
When you defragment this group, the space (free capacity) is consolidated
into one contiguous location after the virtual disks. After being
defragmented, the disk group is:
virtual disk 2, virtual disk 4, virtual disk 5, consolidated unused space
To defragment a disk group, run the following command:
start diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] defragment
where diskGroupNumber is the identifier for the disk group.
NOTE: Defragmenting a disk group starts a long-running operation.
Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
If a storage array exhibits abnormal operation or failures, you can use the
commands described in this section to determine the cause of the problems.
Collecting Physical Disk Data
To gather information about all the physical disks in a storage array, run the
save allPhysicalDisks command. This command collects sense data from all
the physical disks in a storage array and saves the data to a file. The sense data
consists of statistical information maintained by each of the physical disks in
the storage array.
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Diagnosing a RAID Controller Module
The diagnose controller command’s testID parameter takes the following
options, which you can use to verify that a RAID controller module is
functioning correctly:
•
1— Reads the test
•
2— Performs a data loop-back test
•
3— Writes the test
The read test initiates a read command as it would be sent over an I/O data
path. The read test compares data with a known, specific data pattern,
checking for data integrity and errors. If the read command is unsuccessful or
the data compared is not correct, the RAID controller module is considered to
be in error and is placed offline.
Run the data loopback test only on RAID controller modules that have
connections between the RAID controller module and the physical disks. The
test passes data through each RAID controller module physical disk-side
channel out onto the loop and back again. Enough data is transferred to
determine error conditions on the channel. If the test fails on any channel,
this status is saved so that it can be returned if all other tests pass.
The write test initiates a write command as it would be sent over an I/O data
path to the diagnostics region on a specified physical disk. This diagnostics
region is then read and compared to a specific data pattern. If the write fails
or the data compared is not correct, the RAID controller module is considered
to be in error, and it is failed and placed offline.
For best results, run all three tests at initial installation. Also, run the tests any
time you make changes to the storage array or to components connected to
the storage array (such as hubs, switches, and host adapters).
A custom data pattern file called diagnosticsDataPattern.dpf is included on
the Utility directory of the installation CD. You can modify this file, but the
file must have the following properties to work correctly for the tests:
•
The file values must be entered in hexadecimal format (00 to FF) with
only one space between the values.
•
The file must be no larger than 64 bytes in size. Smaller files can be used,
but larger files can cause an error.
Maintaining a Storage Array
99
The test results contain a generic, overall status message and a set of specific
test results. Each test result contains the following information:
•
Test (read/write/data loopback)
•
Port (read/write)
•
Level (internal/external)
•
Status (pass/fail)
Events are written to the MEL when diagnostics are started and when testing
is completed. These events help you to evaluate whether diagnostics testing
was successful or failed and the reason for the failure.
Recovery Operations
Recovery operations involve replacing failed RAID controller modules and
physical disks, restoring data, and restoring the storage array to operation.
Setting RAID Controller Module Operational Mode
A RAID controller module has three operational modes:
•
Online
•
Offline
•
Service
NOTICE: Placing a RAID controller module offline can cause loss of data.
Placing a RAID controller module online sets it to the Optimal state and
makes it active and available for I/O operations. Placing a RAID controller
module offline makes it unavailable for I/O operations and moves its disk
groups to the other RAID controller module if failover protection is enabled.
Taking a RAID controller module offline can seriously impact data integrity
and storage array operation.
If you take a RAID controller module offline, the second RAID controller
module in the pair takes over. Disk groups and their associated virtual disks
that were assigned to the offline RAID controller module are automatically
reassigned to the remaining RAID controller module.
NOTICE: Place a RAID controller module in Service mode only under the direction
of Technical Support.
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Maintaining a Storage Array
Use Service mode when you want to perform an operation, such as replacing a
RAID controller module. Placing a RAID controller module in Service mode
makes it unavailable for I/O operations. Placing a RAID controller module in
Service mode also moves the disk groups from the RAID controller module to
the second RAID controller module without affecting the disk groups’
preferred path. Moving disk groups might significantly reduce performance.
The disk groups are automatically transferred back to the preferred RAID
controller module when it is placed back online.
NOTICE: A multipath driver is required on all hosts and is the only supported
configuration. If the multipath driver is not installed, the virtual disks will not be
accessible.
Before you place a RAID controller module in Service mode, ensure that a
multipath driver is installed on all hosts using these virtual disks.
To change the operational mode of a RAID controller module, run the
following command:
set controller [(0 | 1)] availability=(online |
offline | serviceMode)
Changing RAID Controller Module Ownership
You can change which RAID controller module owns a virtual disk by using
the set virtualDisk command. The following syntax is the general form of the
command:
set (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen] | virtualDisk <wwid>) owner=
(0 | 1)
Initializing a Physical Disk
NOTICE: When you initialize a physical disk, all data on the physical disk is lost.
You must initialize a physical disk when you have moved physical disks that
were previously part of a disk group from one storage array to another. If you
do not move the entire set of physical disks, the disk group and virtual disk
information on the physical disks that you move is incomplete. Each physical
disk that you move contains only part of the information defined for the
Maintaining a Storage Array
101
virtual disk and disk group. To be able to reuse the physical disks to create a
new disk group and virtual disk, you must erase all old information from the
physical disks by initializing the physical disk.
When you initialize a physical disk, all old disk group and virtual disk information
is erased, and the physical disk is returned to an unassigned state. Returning a
physical disk to an unassigned state adds unconfigured capacity to a storage
array. You can use this capacity to create additional disk groups and virtual
disks.
To initialize a physical disk, run the following command:
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] initialize
where enclosureID and slotID are the identifiers for the physical disk.
Reconstructing a Physical Disk
If two or more physical disks in a disk group have failed, the virtual disk shows
a status of Failed. All of the virtual disks in the disk group are no longer
operating. To return the disk group to an Optimal status, you must replace
the failed physical disks. After replacing the physical disks, reconstruct the
data on physical disks. The reconstructed data is the data as it would appear
on the failed physical disks.
To reconstruct a physical disk, run the following command:
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID]
reconstruct
where enclosureID and slotID are the identifiers for the physical disk.
NOTE: You can use this command only when the physical disk is assigned to a
RAID 1, 5, or 6 disk group.
Initializing a Virtual Disk
NOTICE: When you initialize a virtual disk, all data on the virtual disk and all
information about the virtual disk are destroyed.
A virtual disk is automatically initialized when you first create it. If the virtual
disk starts exhibiting failures, you might be required to re-initialize the virtual
disk to correct the failure condition.
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Maintaining a Storage Array
The initialization process cannot be cancelled once it has begun. This option
cannot be used if any modification operations are in progress on the virtual
disk or disk group. To initialize a virtual disk, run the following command:
start virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] initialize
where virtualDiskName is the identifier for the virtual disk.
Redistributing Virtual Disks
Redistributing virtual disks returns the virtual disks to their preferred RAID
controller module owners. The preferred RAID controller module ownership
of a virtual disk or disk group is the RAID controller module of an activeactive pair that is designated to own the virtual disks. The preferred owner for
a virtual disk is initially designated when the virtual disk is created. If the
preferred RAID controller module is being replaced or undergoing a firmware
download, ownership of the virtual disks is automatically shifted to the
second RAID controller module. The second RAID controller module
becomes the current owner of the virtual disks. This change is considered to
be a routine ownership change and is reported in the MEL.
NOTICE: Ensure that a multipath driver is installed, or the virtual disks will not be
accessible.
To redistribute virtual disks to their preferred RAID controller modules, run
the following command:
reset storageArray virtualDiskDistribution
NOTE: You cannot run this command if all virtual disks are currently owned by their
preferred RAID controller module or if the storage array does not have defined
virtual disks.
Under some host operating systems, you must reconfigure the multipath host
driver. You might also need to make operating system modifications to
recognize the new I/O path to the virtual disk.
Maintaining a Storage Array
103
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Maintaining a Storage Array
Script Commands
This chapter describes the script commands used to configure, monitor, and
maintain a storage array. This chapter is organized in four sections:
•
"Command Formatting Rules" on page 106 lists general formatting rules
that apply to the command syntax.
•
"Commands Listed by Function" on page 108 lists the commands by
functional activity:
•
–
Disk group
–
Enclosure
–
Host topology
–
Physical disk
–
Redundant array of independent disks (RAID) controller module
–
Session
–
Show string
–
Snapshot
–
Storage array
–
Virtual disk
–
Virtual disk copy
"Commands Listed Alphabetically" on page 114 lists the commands
alphabetically and, for each command, includes command name, syntax,
and parameters.
NOTICE: Commands entered using the command line interface (CLI) are capable of
damaging a configuration and causing loss of data if not used properly. Command
operations are performed as soon as you run the commands. Some commands can
immediately delete configurations or data. Before using the command line
interface, make sure you have backed up all data, and save the current
configuration so that you can reinstall it if the changes you make do not work.
Script Commands
105
Command Formatting Rules
This section describes the general rules for formatting a script command and
how the command syntax is presented in the following command
descriptions. Syntax unique to a specific command is explained in the notes
at the end of each command description.
•
The script commands are not case sensitive. Type the commands in
lowercase, uppercase, or mixed case. (In the following command
descriptions, mixed case is used as an aid to reading the command names
and understanding the purpose of the command.)
•
You must enter spaces in the commands as they are shown in the
command descriptions.
•
Brackets are used in two ways:
–
As part of the command syntax
–
To indicate which parameters are optional
The description of each parameter tells you when you must put
brackets around a parameter value.
•
Parentheses shown in the command syntax enclose specific choices for a
parameter. That is, if you want to use the parameter, you must use one of
the values shown in the parentheses. Generally, you do not include
parentheses in a command. In some instances, however, you must put
parentheses around a list. For example, you must put parentheses around a
list of enclosure ID values and slot ID values. The description of each
parameter tells you if you must put parentheses around a parameter value.
•
Vertical bars in a command indicate or and separate the valid entries for
the parameter. For example, the syntax for the raidLevel parameter in the
command description appears as follows:
raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
To use the raidLevel parameter to set a RAID level of 5, enter:
raidLevel=5
106
Script Commands
•
When you specify physical disk locations by using enclosure ID values and
slot ID values, separate the ID values with a comma. If you enter more
than one set of ID values, separate each set of values by a space. Put
parentheses around the set of values. For example:
(0,0 0,1 0,2 0,3 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3)
•
Italicized terms in the command indicate a value or information that you
need to provide. For example, when you encounter the italicized term:
numberOfPhysicalDisks
replace the italicized term with a value for the number of physical disks
that you want to include with the command.
•
You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names of the following components:
–
Storage arrays
–
Host groups
–
Hosts
–
Disk groups
–
Virtual disks
–
Host bus adapter (HBA) host ports
Names can have a maximum of 30 characters. If the label contains
multiple words, underscores, or hyphens, you must put quotation
marks around the name. In some usages you must also put brackets
around the name. The description of each parameter tells you if you
must put quotation marks or brackets around a parameter value. The
character string cannot contain a new line. You must use unique
names or the RAID controller module firmware returns an error.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
On Microsoft® Windows®, you must put a backslash (\) before and
after the name in addition to other delimiters. For example, the
Script Commands
107
following name is used in a command running under a Windows
operating system:
[\"Engineering"\]
For Linux, and when used in a script file, the name appears as the
following:
["Engineering"]
When you enter the World Wide Identifier (WWID) of an HBA host
port, some usages require quotation marks around the WWID. In
other uses, you must put angle brackets (< >) around the WWID.
The description of the WWID parameter tells you if you must put
quotation marks or angle brackets around the WWID.
•
Script commands must end with a semicolon (;). You can enter more than
one script command on the command line each time you enter a CLI
command.
Commands Listed by Function
This section presents the commands organized into groups related to
physical, logical, and operational features of the storage array.
Disk Group Commands
"Create Disk Group" on page 120
"Delete Disk Group" on page 139
"Revive Disk Group" on page 163
"Set Disk Group" on page 173
"Show Disk Group" on page 204
"Start Disk Group Blink" on page 223
"Start Disk Group Defragment" on page 223
"Stop Disk Group Blink" on page 229
"Show Disk Group Import Dependencies" on page 220
"Start Disk Group Import/Export" on page 227
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Script Commands
Enclosure Commands
"Download Enclosure Management Module Firmware" on page 146
"Save Enclosure Log Data" on page 164
"Set Enclosure Attribute" on page 174
"Set Enclosure Identification" on page 175
"Start Enclosure Blink" on page 223
"Stop Enclosure Blink" on page 229
Host Topology Commands
"Create Host" on page 122
"Create Host Group" on page 123
"Create Host Port" on page 124
"Delete Host" on page 140
"Delete Host Group" on page 140
"Delete Host Port" on page 141
"Set Host" on page 176
"Set Host Group" on page 178
"Set Host Port" on page 179
"Show Host Ports" on page 205
iSCSI Commands
"iSCSI Commands" on page 109
"Delete iSCSI Initiator" on page 141
"Reset Storage Array iSCSI Baseline" on page 162
"Save Storage Array iSCSI Statistics" on page 168
"Set Controller" on page 170
"Set Host" on page 176
"Set Host Port" on page 179
Script Commands
109
"Set iSCSI Initiator" on page 179
"Set iSCSI Target Properties" on page 180
"Set Storage Array ICMP Response" on page 193
"Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv4 Address" on page 194
"Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv6 Address" on page 195
"Set Storage Array iSNS Server Refresh" on page 196
"Set Unnamed Discovery Session" on page 198
"Show Current iSCSI Sessions" on page 203
"Show Storage Array Negotiation Defaults" on page 214
"Show Unconfigured iSCSI Initiators" on page 216
"Start iSCSI DHCP Refresh" on page 224
"Stop iSCSI Session" on page 229
Physical Disk Commands
"Set Foreign Physical Disk to Native" on page 176
"Clear Physical Disk Channel Statistics" on page 118
"Download Physical Disk Firmware" on page 147
"Revive Physical Disk" on page 163
"Save Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostic Status" on
page 164
"Set Physical Disk Channel Status" on page 182
"Set Physical Disk Hot Spare" on page 182
"Set Physical Disk State" on page 183
"Show Physical Disk" on page 205
"Show Physical Disk Channel Statistics" on page 207
"Show Physical Disk Download Progress" on page 208
"Start Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostics" on page 224
110
Script Commands
"Start Physical Disk Blink" on page 226
"Start Physical Disk Initialize" on page 226
"Start Physical Disk Reconstruction" on page 227
"Stop Physical Disk Blink" on page 229
"Stop Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostics" on page 230
RAID Controller Module Commands
"Diagnose RAID Controller Module" on page 143
"Enable RAID Controller Module" on page 151
"Reset RAID Controller Module" on page 160
"Save RAID Controller Module NVSRAM" on page 165
"Set Controller" on page 170
"Set RAID Controller Module" on page 183
"Show RAID Controller Module" on page 208
"Show RAID Controller Module NVSRAM" on page 209
Session Command
"Set Session" on page 188
Show String Command
"Show String" on page 216
Snapshot Commands
"Create Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 133
"Set Snapshot Virtual Disk" on page 189
"Stop Snapshot" on page 230
Storage Array Commands
"Accept Storage Array Pending Topology" on page 114
"Activate Storage Array Firmware" on page 114
"Autoconfigure Storage Array" on page 115
Script Commands
111
"Autoconfigure Storage Array Hot Spares" on page 116
"Clear Storage Array Configuration" on page 118
"Clear Storage Array Event Log" on page 119
"Clear Storage Array Firmware Pending Area" on page 119
"Disable Storage Array Feature" on page 146
"Download Storage Array Firmware/NVSRAM" on page 148
"Download Storage Array Physical Disk Firmware" on page 150
"Download Storage Array NVSRAM" on page 149
"Enable Storage Array Feature Key" on page 151
"Reset Storage Array Battery Install Date" on page 161
"Reset Storage Array Virtual Disk Distribution" on page 162
"Save Storage Array Configuration" on page 166
"Save Storage Array Events" on page 167
"Save Storage Array Performance Statistics" on page 169
"Save Storage Array SAS PHY Counts" on page 169
"Save Storage Array State Capture" on page 170
"Save Storage Array Support Data" on page 170
"Set Storage Array" on page 191
"Set Storage Array Learn Cycle" on page 197
"Set Storage Array Enclosure Positions" on page 192
"Show Storage Array" on page 210
"Show Storage Array Autoconfigure" on page 212
"Show Storage Array Host Topology" on page 214
"Show Storage Array LUN Mappings" on page 214
"Show Storage Array Pending Topology" on page 215
"Show Storage Array Unreadable Sectors" on page 215
112
Script Commands
"Start Storage Array Blink" on page 227
"Stop Storage Array Blink" on page 231
"Stop Storage Array Physical Disk Firmware Download" on page 231
Virtual Disk Commands
"Check Disk Consistency" on page 117
"Clear Virtual Disk Reservations" on page 120
"Create RAID Virtual Disk (Automatic Physical Disk Select)" on page 126
"Create RAID Virtual Disk (Free Capacity Base Select)" on page 128
"Create RAID Virtual Disk (Manual Physical Disk Select)" on page 130
"Delete Virtual Disk" on page 142
"Recover RAID Virtual Disk" on page 153
"Remove Virtual Disk LUN Mapping" on page 159
"Repair Virtual Disk Consistency" on page 160
"Set Virtual Disk" on page 198
"Show Virtual Disk" on page 217
"Show Virtual Disk Action Progress" on page 218
"Show Virtual Disk Reservations" on page 222
"Start Virtual Disk Initialization" on page 228
Virtual Disk Copy Commands
"Create Virtual Disk Copy" on page 137
"Recopy Virtual Disk Copy" on page 152
"Remove Virtual Disk Copy" on page 158
"Set Virtual Disk Copy" on page 203
"Show Virtual Disk Copy" on page 219
"Show Virtual Disk Copy Source Candidates" on page 220
Script Commands
113
"Show Virtual Disk Copy Target Candidates" on page 220
"Stop Virtual Disk Copy" on page 231
Commands Listed Alphabetically
Following are the script commands listed alphabetically.
Accept Storage Array Pending Topology
This command configures all or part of the pending host topology discovered
by the show storageArray pendingTopology command.
Syntax
accept storageArray pendingTopology (allHosts |
host "hostName" | hosts ("hostName1" ...
"hostNamen")
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allHosts
Selects all hosts identified by show storageArray pendingTopology.
host or hosts Name of the host to include in the storage array topology. You can
enter more than one host name. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the host name.
Activate Storage Array Firmware
This command activates firmware previously downloaded to the pending
configuration area in the RAID controller modules in the storage array.
Syntax
activate storageArray firmware
Parameters
None
114
Script Commands
Autoconfigure Storage Array
This command automatically configures a storage array. Before entering the
autoConfigure storageArray command, enter the show storageArray
autoConfiguration command. The show storageArray autoConfiguration
command returns configuration information in the form of a list of valid
physical disk types, RAID levels, virtual disk information, and hot spare
information. (This list corresponds to the parameters for the autoConfigure
storageArray command.)
The RAID controller modules audit the storage array and then determine the
highest RAID level that the storage array can support and the most efficient
virtual disk definition for the RAID level. If the configuration described by
the returned list is acceptable, enter the autoConfigure storageArray
command without any parameters. To modify the configuration, change a
single parameter or all of the parameters to meet your configuration
requirements. After entering the autoConfigure storageArray command, the
RAID controller modules set up the storage array using either the default
parameters or those you selected.
Syntax
autoConfigure storageArray [physicalDiskType=
(SAS | SATA) raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
diskGroupWidth=numberOfPhysicalDisks
diskGroupCount=numberOfDiskGroups
virtualDisksPerGroupCount=
numberOfVirtualDisksPerGroup hotSpareCount=
numberOfHotspares segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskType
Type of physical disks to use for the
storage array. Valid physical disk types are
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) or Serial
Advanced Technology Attachment
(SATA). This parameter is not required if
only one type of physical disk is in the
storage array.
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Parameter
Description
raidLevel
RAID level of the disk group that contains
the physical disks in the storage array.
Valid RAID levels are 0, 1, 5 or 6.
diskGroupWidth
Number of physical disks in a disk group
in the storage array. For information
about the number of physical disks that
you can use in a disk group, see
"Enclosure Loss Protection" on page 52.
diskGroupCount
Number of disk groups in the storage
array. Use integer values.
virtualDisksPerGroupCount
Number of equal-capacity virtual disks
per disk group. Use integer values.
hotSpareCount
Number of hot spares in the storage array.
Use integer values. For information about
hot spares, see "Assigning Global Hot
Spares" on page 59.
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the
RAID controller module writes on a single
physical disk in a virtual disk before
writing data on the next physical disk.
Valid values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or
512. For information about the
segmentSize parameter, see "Using the
Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
Autoconfigure Storage Array Hot Spares
This command automatically defines and configures the hot spares in a
storage array. You can run this command at any time. This command provides
the best hot spare coverage for a storage array.
Syntax
autoConfigure storageArray hotSpares
Parameters
None.
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NOTE: When you run the autoconfigure storageArray hotSpares command, the
RAID controller module firmware determines the number of hot spares to create
based on the total number and type of physical disks in the storage array.
Check Disk Consistency
This command checks a virtual disk for consistency and media errors, and
writes the results of the check to a file.
Syntax
check virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] consistency
[consistencyErrorFile=filename] [mediaErrorFile=
filename] [priority=(highest | high | medium | low
| lowest)] [verbose=(TRUE|FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk
Name of the specific virtual disk to check
consistency. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the virtual disk name. If the
virtual disk name has special characters,
you must also put quotation marks (" ")
around the virtual disk name.
consistencyErrorFile
Name of the file in which to save the
consistency error information. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the file
name.
mediaErrorFile
Name of the file in which to save the
media error information. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the file
name.
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Parameter
Description
priority
Specifies the priority that the consistency
check has relative to host I/O activity.
Valid entries are highest, high, medium,
low, or lowest.
verbose
Captures progress details, such as percent
complete, and shows the information
while virtual disk consistency is being
repaired. To capture progress details, set
this parameter to TRUE. To prevent
capturing progress details, set this
parameter to FALSE.
Clear Physical Disk Channel Statistics
This command resets the statistics for all physical disk channels.
Syntax
clear allPhysicalDiskChannels stats
Parameters
None.
Clear Storage Array Configuration
This command clears the entire configuration from the RAID controller
modules in a storage array. Information that defines all disk groups, virtual
disks, and hot spares is deleted. Use this command to create a new
configuration on a storage array that already has a configuration defined.
NOTICE: As soon as you run this command, the existing storage array becomes
unresponsive. You must remove and re-add the storage array to resume
communication with the host. To remove an unresponsive storage array, access the
Enterprise Management Window, and click Remove on the Modular Disk Storage
Manager toolbar. To re-add the storage array, access the Enterprise Management
Window, click New in the Modular Disk Storage Manager toolbar, and enter the
appropriate IP address.
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Syntax
clear storageArray configuration (all |
volumeGroups)
Parameters
If you do not enter a parameter, this command removes all configuration
information for the storage array, except for the information related to
security and identification.
Parameter
Description
all
The setting to remove the entire configuration of the storage
array, including security and identity information. Removing all
configuration information returns the storage array to its initial
state.
volumeGroups
The setting to remove the virtual disk configuration and the disk
group configuration. The rest of the configuration stays intact.
Clear Storage Array Event Log
This command clears the Major Event Log (MEL) for the storage array by
deleting the data in the MEL buffer.
NOTICE: As soon as you run this command, the existing MEL in the storage array is
deleted.
Syntax
clear storageArray eventLog
Parameters
None.
Clear Storage Array Firmware Pending Area
This command deletes a previously downloaded firmware image or
nonvolatile static random access memory (NVSRAM) values from the
pending area buffer.
NOTICE: As soon as you run this command, the contents of the existing pending
area in the storage array are deleted.
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Syntax
clear storageArray firmwarePendingArea
Parameters
None.
Clear Virtual Disk Reservations
This command clears persistent virtual disk reservations.
Syntax
clear (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1
... virtualDiskNamen]) reservations
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Clears reservations on all virtual disks in
the storage array.
virtualDisk or virtualDisks
Name of the specific virtual disk for which
to clear reservations. You can enter more
than one virtual disk name. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the virtual disk
name. If the virtual disk name has special
characters, you must also put quotation
marks (" ") around the virtual disk name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Create Disk Group
This command creates either a free-capacity disk group or one virtual disk on
a set of unassigned physical disks.
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Syntax
create diskGroup physicalDisks=(trayID1,slotID1
... trayIDn,slotIDn) raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
userlabel=userlabel
[enclosureLossProtect=(true | false)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
userLabel
The name that you want to use for the new disk group.
Enclose the name in double quotation marks (" ").
physicalDisks
The physical disks that you want to assign to the virtual
disk that you want to create. Specify the tray ID and slot
ID for each physical disk that you assign to the virtual disk.
Tray ID values are 0 to 99.
Slot ID values are 0 to 31.
Enclose the tray ID values and the slot ID values in
parentheses.
raidLevel
The RAID level of the disk group that contains the virtual
disk.
Valid values are 0, 1, 5, or 6.
enclosureLossProtect
The setting to enforce enclosure loss protection when you
create the disk group. To enforce enclosure loss protection,
set this parameter to true. The default value is false.
Additional Information
physicalDisks
The physicalDisks parameter lets you choose the number of physical disks
that you want to use in the disk group. If you choose this option, you do not
need to specify the physical disks by tray ID and slot ID. The RAID controller
modules choose the specific physical disks to use for the disk group. If you do
not specify a capacity by using the capacity parameter, all of the physical disk
capacity that is available in the disk group is used. If you do not specify
capacity units, bytes is used as the default value.
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Enclosure Loss Protection
For enclosure loss protection to work, each physical disk in a disk group must
be in a separate enclosure. If you set the enclosureLossProtect parameter to
true and have selected more than one physical disk from any one enclosure,
the storage array returns an error. If you set the enclosureLossProtect
parameter to false, the storage array performs operations, but the disk group
that you create might not have enclosure loss protection. Enclosure loss
protection is not valid when you create virtual disks on existing disk groups.
Create Host
This command creates a new host.
NOTE: A host is a system that is attached to the storage array and accesses the
virtual disks on the storage array through its HBA host ports. You can define
specific virtual disk-to-logical unit number (LUN) mappings to an individual host or
assign the host to a host group that shares access to one or more virtual disks.
Syntax
create host userLabel="hostName" [hostGroup=
"hostGroupName"]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
userLabel
Name to give the host that you are
creating. You must put quotation marks
(" ") around the host name.
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Parameter
Description
hostGroup
Name of the host group in which to create
a new host. You must put quotation
marks (" ") around the host group name.
(If a host group does not exist, you can
create a new host group by using the
create hostGroup command.)
NOTE: A host group is an optional
topological element defined to designate a
collection of hosts that share access to the
same virtual disks. The host group is a
logical entity. Define a host group only if you
have two or more hosts that share access to
the same virtual disks. If you do not specify a
host group in which to place the host you are
creating, the newly defined host belongs to
the default host group.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Example
-c create host userLabel= \"job2900\";"
Create Host Group
This command creates a new host group.
NOTE: A host group is an optional topological element that you can define to
designate a collection of hosts that share access to the same virtual disks. The host
group is a logical entity. Define a host group only if you have two or more hosts that
can share access to the same virtual disks.
Syntax
create hostGroup userLabel="hostGroupName"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
userLabel
Name to give the host group that you are
creating. You must put quotation marks
(" ") around the host group name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Create Host Port
This command creates a new HBA host port identification. The identification
is a software value that represents the physical HBA host port to the RAID
controller module. Without the host port identification, the RAID controller
module cannot receive instructions or data from the host port.
Syntax
create hostPort identifier="wwid" userLabel=
"portLabel" host="hostName"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
identifier
WWID of the HBA host port. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the
WWID.
userLabel
Name to give the new HBA host port. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around
the port label.
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Parameter
Description
host
Name of the host for which you are
defining an HBA host port. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the host
name.
NOTE: An HBA host port is a physical
connection on a host adapter that resides
within a host system. An HBA host port
provides host access to the virtual disks in
a storage array. If the host bus adapter has
only one physical connection (one host
port), the terms host port and host bus
adapter are synonymous
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Create iSCSI Initiator
This command creates a new iSCSI initiator object.
Syntax
create iscsiInitiator iscsiName = iSCSI-ID
userLabel = name host = host-name [chapSecret =
password]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
iscsiName
The default identifier of the iSCSI initiator.
userLabel
The name that you want to use for the iSCSI initiator. Enclose
the name in double quotation marks (" ")
host
The name of the host in which the iSCSI initiator is installed.
chapSecret
The password that you want to use to authenticate a peer
connection.
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NOTE: Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) is a protocol that
authenticates the peer of a connection. CHAP is based upon the peers sharing a
“secret.” A secret is a security key that is similar to a password. Use
chapSecret only for initiators requiring mutual authentication.
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Automatic Physical Disk Select)
This command creates a disk group across the storage array physical disks,
and a new virtual disk in the disk group. The RAID controller modules in the
storage array choose the physical disks to include in the virtual disk.
Syntax
create virtualDisk physicalDiskCount=
numberOfPhysicalDisks
raidLevel=0 | 1 | 5 | 6 userLabel=
"virtualDiskName" [physicalDiskType=(SAS | SATA)
capacity=virtualdiskCapacity owner=(0 | 1)
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue
enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskCount
Number of unassigned physical disks to
use in the disk group.
NOTE: The physicalDiskCount parameter
enables you to choose the number of
physical disks to use in the disk group. You
do not need to specify the physical disks by
enclosure ID and slot ID. The RAID
controller modules choose the specific
physical disks to use for the disk group.
raidLevel
RAID level of the disk group that contains
the virtual disk. Valid values are 0, 1, 5
or 6.
userLabel
Name to give to the new virtual disk. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around
the new virtual disk name.
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Parameter
Description
physicalDiskType
Specifies the type of physical disk to use
in the virtual disk. You cannot mix
physical disk types in the virtual disk.
Valid physical disk types are SAS or SATA.
capacity
The size of the virtual disk that you are
adding to the storage array. Size is defined
in units of bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, or
gigabytes.
NOTE: A space must be added between
the last digit and the size (MB, GB, or KB)
for values greater than 9.
owner
The RAID controller module that owns
the virtual disk. Valid RAID controller
module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is
the RAID controller module on the left
and 1 is the RAID controller module on
the right when viewed from the rear of the
enclosure. If you do not specify an owner,
the RAID controller module firmware
determines the owner.
NOTE: The owner parameter defines
which RAID controller module owns the
virtual disk. If you do not specify a capacity,
all of the available physical disk capacity in
the disk group is used. If you do not specify
capacity units, bytes are used as the
default units.
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Parameter
Description
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the
RAID controller module writes on a single
physical disk in a virtual disk before
writing data on the next physical disk.
Valid values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or
512. For information about the
segmentSize parameter, see "Using the
Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
enclosureLossProtect
Specifies that enclosure loss protection is
enforced when creating the disk group.
To enforce enclosure loss protection, set
this parameter to TRUE. The default
setting is FALSE. For information about
the enclosureLossProtect parameter, see
"Enclosure Loss Protection" on page 52.
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Free Capacity Base Select)
This command creates a virtual disk in the free space of a disk group.
Syntax
create virtualDisk diskGroup=diskGroupNumber
userLabel="virtualDiskName" [freeCapacityArea=
freeCapacityIndexNumber capacity=
virtualDiskCapacity owner=(0 | 1) segmentSize=
segmentSizeValue]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Sequence number of the disk group in
which to create the new virtual disk.
(To determine the sequence numbers of
the disk groups in your storage array, enter
the show storageArray Profile command.)
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Parameter
Description
userLabel
Name for the new virtual disk. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the new
virtual disk name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of
alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Spaces are not
allowed. Command names can have a
maximum of 30 characters. If you exceed
the maximum character limit, replace
square brackets ([ ]) with angle brackets
(< >) to overcome this limitation.
freeCapacityArea
Index number of the free space in an
existing disk group to use to create the
new virtual disk. Free capacity is defined
as the free capacity between existing
virtual disks in a disk group. For example, a
disk group might have the following areas:
virtual disk 1, free capacity, virtual disk 2,
free capacity, virtual disk 3, free capacity.
To use the free capacity following virtual
disk 2, specify:
freeCapacityArea=2
Use the show diskGroup command to
determine if the free capacity area exists.
capacity
Size of the virtual disk that you are adding
to the storage array. Size is defined in
units of bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, or
gigabytes.
NOTE: If you do not specify a capacity, all
of the available capacity in the free
capacity area of the disk group is used. If
you do not specify capacity units, bytes are
used as the default units. A space must be
added between the last digit and the size
(MB, GB, or KB) for values greater than 9.
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Parameter
Description
owner
RAID controller module that owns the
virtual disk. Valid RAID controller module
identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID
controller module on the left and 1 is the
RAID controller module on the right
when viewed from the rear of the
enclosure. If you do not specify an owner,
the RAID controller module firmware
determines the owner.
NOTE: The owner parameter defines
which RAID controller module owns the
virtual disk. The preferred RAID controller
module ownership of a virtual disk is the
RAID controller module that currently owns
the disk group.
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the
RAID controller module writes on a single
physical disk in a virtual disk before
writing data on the next physical disk.
Valid values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or
512. For information about the
segmentSize parameter, see "Using the
Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
Create RAID Virtual Disk (Manual Physical Disk Select)
This command creates a new disk group and virtual disk, and enables you to
specify the physical disks for the virtual disk.
NOTE: You cannot use mixed physical disk types in the same disk group and virtual
disk. This command fails if you specify different types of physical disks for the RAID
virtual disk.
Syntax
create virtualDisk physicalDisks=
(enclosureID0,slotID0...enclosureIDn,slotIDn)
raidLevel=0 | 1 | 5 | 6 userLabel="virtualDiskName"
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[capacity=virtualDiskCapacity owner=(0 | 1)
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue
enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisks
Specifies the physical disks to assign to the created
virtual disk. Specify the enclosure ID and slot ID for
each unassigned physical disk to assign to the virtual
disk. Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are
0 to 31. You must put parentheses around the enclosure
ID values and the slot ID values.
raidLevel
RAID level of the disk group that contains the virtual
disk. Valid values are 0, 1, 5, or 6.
NOTE: If you set the raidLevel parameter to RAID 1, the
RAID controller module firmware takes the list of physical
disks and pairs them using the following algorithm:
Data physical disk = X
Consistency physical disk = N ⁄ 2 + X
where X goes from 1 to N ⁄ 2 and N is the number of
physical disks in the list. The following data show an
example of six physical disks and their mirror pairs.
userLabel
Data
Consistency
1
N ⁄ 2 + 1= 4
2
N ⁄ 2 + 1= 5
3
N ⁄ 2 + 1= 6
Name that you want to give the new virtual disk. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the new virtual
disk name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric
characters, hyphens, and underscores for the names.
Spaces are not allowed. Command names can have a
maximum of 30 characters. If you exceed the maximum
character limit, replace square brackets ([ ]) with angle
brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
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Parameter
Description
capacity
Size of the virtual disk that you are adding to the storage
array. Size is defined in units of bytes, kilobytes,
megabytes, gigabytes, or terabytes.
NOTE: If you do not specify a capacity, all physical disk
capacity available in the disk group is used. If you do not
specify capacity units, bytes are used as the default. A
space must be added between the last digit and the size
(MB, GB, or KB) for values greater than 9.
owner
RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk. Valid
RAID controller module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is
the RAID controller module on the left and 1 is the
RAID controller module on the right when viewed from
the rear of the enclosure. If you do not specify an owner,
the RAID controller module firmware determines
the owner.
NOTE: The owner parameter defines which RAID
controller module owns the virtual disk. The preferred
owner of a virtual disk is the RAID controller module that
currently owns the disk group.
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the RAID controller
module writes on a single physical disk in a virtual disk
before writing data on the next physical disk. Valid
values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512. For
information about the segmentSize parameter, see
"Using the Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
enclosureLossProtect
Specifies that enclosure loss protection is enforced when
creating the repository. To enforce enclosure loss
protection, set this parameter to TRUE. The default
setting is FALSE. For information about the
enclosureLossProtect parameter, see "Enclosure Loss
Protection" on page 52.
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Create Snapshot Virtual Disk
This command creates a snapshot virtual disk. When you use this command,
you can define the snapshot virtual disk in one of three ways:
•
User-defined physical disks
•
User-defined disk group
•
User-defined number of physical disks for the snapshot virtual disk
If you choose to define a number of physical disks, the RAID controller
module firmware chooses which physical disks to use for the snapshot virtual
disk.
NOTE: Refer to "Preparing Host Servers to Create an Initial Snapshot Virtual Disk"
on page 65.
NOTICE: Before you create a new point-in-time image of a source virtual disk, stop
any data access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk to
ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time image of the source virtual disk.
Close all applications, including Windows® Internet Explorer®, to make sure all I/O
activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the Snapshot.
Syntax (User-Defined Physical Disks)
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryRAIDLevel=
0 | 1 | 5 | 6 repositoryPhysicalDisks=
(enclosureID0,slotID0 ... enclosureIDn,slotIDn)
userLabel="snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot) enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Syntax (User-Defined Disk Group)
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryDiskGroup=
diskGroupNumber freeCapacityArea=
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freeCapacityIndexNumber userLabel=
"snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot) enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Syntax (User-Defined Number of Physical Disks)
create snapshotVirtualDisk sourceVirtualDisk=
"sourceVirtualDiskName" [repositoryRAIDLevel=
0 | 1 | 5 | 6 repositoryPhysicalDiskCount=
numberOfPhysicalDisks
physicalDiskType=(SAS | SATA) userLabel=
"snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryPercentOfSource=percentValue
repositoryUserLabel="repositoryName"
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot) enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
sourceVirtualDisk
Name of the source virtual disk from
which to take a snapshot. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the source
virtual disk name.
repositoryRAIDLevel
RAID level for the repository virtual disk.
Valid values are 0, 1, 5, or 6.
repositoryPhysicalDisks
Specifies the physical disks to assign to
the repository. Specify the enclosure ID
and slot ID for each physical disk assigned
to the virtual disk. Enclosure ID values
are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0 to 31. You
must put parentheses around the list of
repository physical disks.
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Parameter
Description
repositoryPhysicalDiskCount
Number of unassigned physical disks to
use for the repository virtual disk.
physicalDiskType
Type of physical disks to use for the
repository virtual disk. Valid physical disk
types are SAS or SATA.
repositoryDiskGroup
Sequence number of the disk group where
the repository virtual disk is located.
freeCapacityArea
The index number of the free space in an
existing disk group to use to create the
snapshot repository virtual disk. Free
capacity is defined as the free capacity
between existing virtual disks in a disk
group. For example, a disk group might
have the following areas: virtual disk 1,
free capacity, virtual disk 2, free capacity,
virtual disk 3, free capacity. To use the free
capacity following virtual disk 2, you
specify:
freeCapacityArea=2
Use the show diskGroup command to
determine if free capacity area exists.
NOTE: If you do not specify the
unconfigured or free space, the repository
virtual disk is placed in the same disk group
as the source virtual disk. If the disk group
where the source virtual disk resides does
not have enough space, this command fails.
userLabel
The name to give the snapshot virtual
disk. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the snapshot virtual disk name.
warningThresholdPercent
The percentage of repository capacity at
which you receive a warning that the
repository is nearing full. Use integer
values. For example, a value of 70 means
70 percent. The default value is 50.
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Parameter
Description
repositoryPercentOfSource
The size of the repository virtual disk as a
percentage of the source virtual disk. Use
integer values. For example, a value of 40
means 40 percent. The default value is 20.
repositoryUserLabel
The name to give to the repository virtual
disk. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the repository virtual disk name.
repositoryFullPolicy
Specifies how snapshot processing
continues if the repository is full. You can
choose to fail writes to the source virtual
disk (failSourceWrites) or fail the
snapshot virtual disk (failSnapShot). The
default value is failSnapShot.
enclosureLossProtect
Specifies that enclosure loss protection is
enforced when creating the repository. To
enforce enclosure loss protection, set this
parameter to TRUE. The default setting
is FALSE. For information about the
enclosureLossProtect parameter, see
"Enclosure Loss Protection" on page 52.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
NOTE: One technique for naming the snapshot virtual disk and the repository
virtual disk is to add a hyphenated suffix to the original name of the source virtual
disk. The suffix distinguishes between the snapshot virtual disk and the repository
virtual disk. For example, if you have a source virtual disk with a name of
Engineering Data, the snapshot virtual disk can have a name of Engineering DataS1, and the repository virtual disk can have a name of Engineering Data-R1.
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NOTE: If you do not choose a name for the either the snapshot virtual disk or
repository virtual disk, the RAID controller modules create a default name using the
source virtual disk name. For example, if the source virtual disk name is aaa and
does not have a snapshot virtual disk, the default snapshot virtual disk name is
aaa – 1. If the source virtual disk already has n – 1 number of snapshot virtual disks,
the default name is aaa – n. If the source virtual disk name is aaa and the source
virtual disk does not have a repository virtual disk, the default repository virtual disk
name is aaa – R1. If the source virtual disk already has n – 1 number of repository
virtual disks, the default name is aaa – Rn.
Create Virtual Disk Copy
This command creates a virtual disk copy and starts the virtual disk copy
operation.
NOTE: Refer to "Preparing Host Servers to Create a Virtual Disk Copy" on page 80.
NOTICE: Before you create a new copy of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk and (if
applicable, the target disk) to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time
image of the source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet
Explorer, to make sure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the virtual copy.
NOTE: You can have a maximum of eight virtual disk copies in progress at one time.
If you try to create more than eight virtual disk copies at one time, the RAID
controller modules return a status of Pending until one of the virtual disk copies that
is in progress finishes and returns a status of Complete.
Syntax
create virtualDiskCopy source="sourceName" target=
"targetName" [copyPriority=(highest | high |
medium | low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE)]
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
source
Name of an existing virtual disk to use as
the source virtual disk. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the source
virtual disk name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of
alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command
names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum
character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome
this limitation.
target
Name of an existing virtual disk to use as
the target virtual disk. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the target
virtual disk name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of
alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command
names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum
character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome
this limitation.
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Parameter
Description
copyPriority
Specifies the priority that a virtual disk
copy has relative to host I/O activity. Valid
entries are highest, high, medium, low, or
lowest.
NOTE: CopyPriority defines the amount of
system resources used to copy the data
between the source virtual disk and target
virtual disk of a virtual disk-copy pair. If you
select the highest priority level, the virtual
disk copy uses the most system resources
to perform virtual disk copy, which
decreases performance for host data
transfers.
targetReadOnlyEnabled
Specifies whether the target virtual disk is
write enabled or read only. To be able to
write to the target virtual disk, set this
parameter to FALSE. To prevent writing
to the target virtual disk, set this
parameter to TRUE.
Delete Disk Group
This command deletes an entire disk group and its associated virtual disks.
NOTICE: All data in the disk group is lost as soon as you run this command.
Syntax
delete diskGroup [diskGroupNumber]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Number of the disk group to delete. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the disk
group number.
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Delete Host
This command deletes a host.
Syntax
delete host [hostName]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
host
Name of the host to delete. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
host name. If the host name has special characters, you must also put
quotation marks (" ") around the host name.
NOTE: A host is a system that is attached to the storage array and
accesses the virtual disks on the storage array through its HBA
host ports.
Delete Host Group
This command deletes a host group.
NOTICE: This command deletes all of the host definitions in the host group.
Syntax
delete hostGroup [hostGroupName]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
hostGroup
Name of the host group to delete. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the host
group name. If the name of the host
group has special characters, you must
also put quotation marks (" ") around the
host group name.
NOTE: A host group is an optional
topological element that is a collection of
hosts that share access to the same virtual
disks. The host group is a logical entity.
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Delete Host Port
This command deletes an HBA host port identification. The identification is
a software value that represents the physical HBA host port to the RAID
controller module. By deleting the identification, the RAID controller
module no longer recognizes instructions and data from the HBA host port.
Syntax
delete hostPort [hostPortName]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
hostPort
Name of the HBA host port to delete. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the name
of the HBA host port.
NOTE: An HBA host port is a physical
connection on a host bus adapter that
resides within a host system. An HBA host
port provides a host access to the virtual
disks in a storage array. If the host bus
adapter has only one physical connection
(one host port), the terms HBA host port
and host bus adapter are synonymous.
Example
-c "delete host [\"job2900\"];"
Delete iSCSI Initiator
This command deletes a specific iSCSI initiator object.
Syntax
delete iscsiInitiator ([iSCSI-ID | name])
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Parameters
Parameters
Description
iSCSI-ID
The identifier of the iSCSI initiator that you want to delete. Enclose
the name in double quotation marks (" ").
name
The name of the iSCSI initiator that you want to delete. Enclose the
name in double quotation marks (" ").
Example
-c "delete iscsiInitiator [\"job29002\"];"
Delete Virtual Disk
This command deletes one or more standard virtual disks or snapshot and
snapshot repository virtual disks.
NOTICE: All of the data in the virtual disk is lost as soon as you run this command.
Syntax
delete (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] | virtualDisks
[virtualDiskName1... virtualDiskNameN])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Deletes all virtual disks in a storage array.
NOTE: Using the allVirtualDisks parameter
deletes virtual disks until all are removed or
until an error is encountered. If an error is
encountered, this command does not
attempt to delete the remaining virtual
disks.
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Parameter
Description
virtualDisk or virtualDisks
Name of the virtual disk to delete. You
can enter more than one virtual disk
name. You must put brackets ([ ]) around
the virtual disk name. If the virtual disk
name has special characters, you must
also put quotation marks (" ") around the
virtual disk name.
Diagnose RAID Controller Module
This command runs diagnostic tests on the RAID controller module.
The testID parameter takes the following options, which you can use to verify
that a RAID controller module is functioning correctly:
•
1 — Reads the test
•
2 — Performs a data loop-back test
•
3 — Writes the test
The diagnostic tests consist of loop-back tests in which data is written to
physical disks and read from the physical disks.
Syntax
diagnose controller [(0 | 1)]
loopbackPhysicalDiskChannel=(allchannels | (1 | 2
)) testID=(1 | 2 | 3 | discreteLines)
[patternFile="filename"]
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
RAID controller module on which to run
the diagnostic tests. Valid RAID controller
module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is
the RAID controller module on the left
and 1 is the RAID controller module on
the right when viewed from the rear of the
enclosure. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the RAID controller module
identifier. If you do not specify a RAID
controller module, the storage
management software returns a syntax
error.
loopbackPhysicalDiskChannel
Physical disk channel on which to run the
diagnostic tests. You can choose to run
the diagnostics on all channels or select a
specific channel on which to run
diagnostics. Valid physical disk channel
values are 1 or 2.
NOTE: When you run a data loopback test,
you can optionally specify a file that
contains a data pattern. If you do not
specify a file, the firmware provides a
default pattern.
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Parameter
Description
testID
Identifier for the diagnostic test to run.
The identifier and corresponding tests
are:
1 — Reads the test
2 — Performs a data loop-back test
3 — Writes the test
discreteLines — Discrete lines diagnostic
test
NOTE: Discrete lines are control and
status lines connected between two RAID
controller modules in a RAID controller. The
discrete lines test enables each RAID
controller module to verify that control
signal transitions can be observed at the
control inputs of the alternate RAID
controller module. The discrete line test
automatically runs after each power cycle
or RAID controller module reset. You can
run the discrete lines diagnostic test after
you have replaced a component that failed
the initial discrete lines diagnostic test.
When the test runs successfully, the
following message is shown:
The controller discrete lines
successfully passed the
diagnostic test. No failures
were detected.
If the test fails, the following message is
shown:
One or more controller
discrete lines failed the
diagnostic test.
If the CLI cannot run the test, the CLI
returns Error 270, which means the
diagnostic test could not start or complete.
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Parameter
Description
patternFile
Name of a file that contains a data
pattern to use as test data. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the data
pattern file name.
Disable Storage Array Feature
This command disables a storage array feature. Issue the show storageArray
command to display a list of the feature identifiers for all enabled features in
the storage array.
Syntax
disable storageArray feature=(snapshot |
virtualDiskCopy)
Parameters
None.
Download Enclosure Management Module Firmware
This command downloads firmware for the enclosure management module
(EMM).
Syntax
download (allEnclosures | enclosure [enclosureID])
firmware file="filename"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
enclosure
Identifies the enclosure to which to load
new firmware. Enclosure ID values are 0
to 99. You must put brackets ([ ]) around
the enclosure ID value.
NOTE: You can use the following
parameters: (1) the allEnclosures
parameter, which downloads new firmware
to all of the EMMs in the storage array, and
(2) the enclosure parameter, which
downloads new firmware to a specific
EMM. If you need to download new
firmware to more than one EMM, but not all
EMMs, you must enter this command for
each enclosure.
file
File path and file name of the file that
contains the firmware image. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the
firmware image file path and file name.
Download Physical Disk Firmware
This command downloads a firmware image to a physical disk.
NOTICE: Downloading physical disk firmware incorrectly can result in damage to
the physical disks or loss of data.
Before attempting to download physical disk firmware, you must take the
following precautions:
1 Stop all I/O activity to the storage array before downloading the firmware
image.
2 Ensure the firmware image file is compatible with the physical disk
enclosure. If you download a file that is not compatible with the selected
physical disk enclosure, the enclosure might become unusable.
3 Do not make any configuration changes to the storage array while
downloading the physical disk firmware. Attempting to make a
configuration change can cause the firmware download to fail and make
the selected physical disks unusable.
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You can use this command to test the firmware on one physical disk before
installing the firmware on all of the physical disks in a storage array. (Use the
download storageArray physicalDiskFirmware command to download
firmware on all of the physical disks in the storage array.) This command
blocks all I/O activity until the download finishes or fails. The download
returns one of the following statuses: Successful, Unsuccessful With Reason,
or Never Attempted With Reason.
Syntax
download physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID]
firmware file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Physical disk to which to download the
firmware image. Specify the enclosure ID
and slot ID for the physical disk.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID
values are 0 to 31. You must put brackets
([ ]) around the enclosure ID value and
slot ID value.
filename
File path and file name of the file that
contains the firmware image. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the
firmware image file path and file name.
Download Storage Array Firmware/NVSRAM
This command downloads firmware and, optionally, NVSRAM values for the
RAID controller module in the storage array. If you want to download only
NVSRAM values, use the downLoad storageArray NVSRAM command.
Syntax
download storageArray firmware [, NVSRAM ] file=
"filename" [, "NVSRAM-filename"] [downgrade=(TRUE
| FALSE)] [activateNow=(TRUE | FALSE)]
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
NVSRAM
Specifies that you want to download a file
with NVSRAM values when you
download a firmware file. You must not
put brackets around this parameter.
Include a comma after the term firmware.
file
File path and name of the file that
contains the firmware. Valid file names
must end with a .dlp extension. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the file
name.
NVSRAM-filename
File path and name of the file that
contains the NVSRAM values. Valid file
names must end with a .dlp extension.
You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the NVSRAM file name. You must
include a comma after the firmware file
name.
downgrade
Specifies that you are loading firmware
that is a previous version. The default
value is FALSE. Set downgrade to TRUE
if you want to download an earlier version
of firmware.
activateNow
Activates the firmware and NVSRAM
images. The default value is TRUE. If you
set activateNow to FALSE, you must use
the activate storageArray firmware
command to activate the firmware and
NVSRAM values at a later time.
Download Storage Array NVSRAM
This command downloads NVSRAM values for the storage array RAID
controller module.
Syntax
download storageArray NVSRAM file="filename"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
File path and name of the file that
contains the NVSRAM values. Valid file
names must end with a .dlp extension.
You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the file name.
Download Storage Array Physical Disk Firmware
This command downloads firmware images to all physical disks in the storage
array.
Syntax
download storageArray physicalDiskFirmware file=
"filename" [file="filename2"...file="filenamen"]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
File path and name of the file that
contains the firmware image. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the
firmware image file path and file name.
NOTE: When you run this command, you can download more than one firmware
image file to the physical disks in a storage array. The number of firmware image
files you can download depends on the storage array. The storage management
software returns an error if you attempt to download more firmware image files
than the storage array can accept.
NOTE: You can schedule downloads for multiple physical disks at the same time,
including multiple physical disks in a redundant disk group. Each firmware image
file contains information about the physical disk types on which the image runs. The
specified firmware images can be downloaded only to a compatible physical disk.
Use the download physicalDisk firmware command to download an image to a
specific physical disk.
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NOTE: The download storageArray physicalDiskFirmware command blocks all I/O
activity until a download attempt has been made for each candidate physical disk or
you issue the stop storageArray downloadPhysicalDiskFirmware command. When
the download storageArray physicalDiskFirmware command finishes downloading
the firmware image, each candidate physical disk is displayed showing the
download status for each physical disk. One of the following download status
messages is shown: Successful, Unsuccessful With Reason, or Never Attempted
With Reason.
Enable RAID Controller Module
This command revives a RAID controller module that quiesces while running
diagnostics.
Syntax
enable controller [(0 | 1)] dataTransfer
Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
RAID controller module that you want to
revive. Valid RAID controller module
identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID
controller module on the left and 1 is the
RAID controller module on the right
when viewed from the rear of the
enclosure. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the RAID controller module
identifier. If you do not specify a RAID
controller module, the storage
management software returns a syntax
error.
Enable Storage Array Feature Key
This command enables a feature using a feature key file.
Syntax
enable storageArray feature file="filename"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
File path and file name of a valid feature
key file. Valid file names for feature key
files must end with a .key extension. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around
the file path and file name.
Recopy Virtual Disk Copy
This command reinitiates a virtual disk copy operation by using an existing
virtual disk copy pair.
NOTE: Refer to "Preparing Host Servers to Recopy a Virtual Disk" on page 85.
NOTICE: Before you create a new copy of a source virtual disk, stop any data
access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk and (if
applicable, the target disk) to ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time
image of the source virtual disk. Close all applications, including Windows Internet
Explorer, to make sure all I/O activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk(s) in Windows or
unmounting the vitual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the drive
for the virtual copy.
Syntax
recopy virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]] [copyPriority=(highest | high |
medium | low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE)]
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
target
Name of the target virtual disk for which to reinitiate a
virtual disk copy operation. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the target virtual disk name. If the target virtual disk
name has special characters, you must also put quotation
marks (" ") around the target virtual disk name.
source
Name of the source virtual disk for which to reinitiate a
virtual disk copy operation. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the source virtual disk name. If the source virtual
disk name has special characters, you must also put
quotation marks (" ") around the source virtual disk name.
copyPriority
Specifies the priority that the virtual disk copy has relative
to host I/O activity. Valid entries are highest, high, medium,
low, or lowest.
NOTE: CopyPriority defines the amount of system resources
used to copy the data between the source and target virtual
disks of a virtual disk copy pair. If you select the highest
priority level, the virtual disk copy uses the most system
resources to perform virtual disk copy, which decreases
performance for host data transfers.
targetReadOnlyEnabled Specifies whether the target virtual disk is write enabled or
read only. To be able to write to the target virtual disk, set
this parameter to FALSE. To prevent writing to the target
virtual disk, set this parameter to TRUE.
Recover RAID Virtual Disk
This command creates a RAID virtual disk with the given properties without
initializing any of the user data areas on the disks. Parameter values are derived
from the Recovery Profile data file for the storage array.
Syntax
recover virtualDisk (physicalDisk=(trayID,slotID)
|
physicalDisks=(trayID1,slotID1 ...
trayIDn,slotIDn) |
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diskGroup=diskGroupNumber) [newVolumeGroup=
VolumeGroupName]
userLabel=”virtualDiskName” capacity=
virtualDiskCapacity
offset=offsetValue raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue [owner=(0 | 1)
cacheReadPrefetch=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk or physicalDisks Specifies the physical disks to assign to the virtual disk
that you want to create. Specify the tray ID and slot
ID for each physical disk that you assign to the virtual
disk. Tray ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0
to 31. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the tray ID
value and the slot ID value.
newVolumeGroup
This parameter enables the user to specify a name for
a new volume group that is automatically created by
the RAID controller module.
userLabel
Name to give the new virtual disk. Enclose the new
virtual disk name in double quotation marks (" ").
capacity
Size of the virtual disk that you are adding to the
storage array. Size is defined in units of bytes.
offset
Number of blocks from the beginning of the disk
group to the beginning of the referenced virtual disk
(1 block is equal to 512 bytes).
raidLevel
RAID level of the disk group that contains the physical
disks. Valid values are 0, 1, 5, or 6.
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the RAID
controller module writes on a single physical disk in a
virtual disk before writing data on the next physical
disk. Valid values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512.
For information about the segmentSize parameter, see
"Using the Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
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Parameter
Description
owner
RAID controller module that owns the virtual disk.
Valid RAID controller module identifiers are 0 or 1,
where 0 is the RAID controller module in Slot 0 and 1
is the RAID controller module in Slot 1. If you do not
specify an owner, the RAID controller module
firmware determines the owner. For information about
the owner parameter, see "Creating Virtual Disks with
User-Assigned Physical Disks" on page 48.
cacheReadPrefetch
The setting to turn on or turn off cacheReadPrefetch.
To turn off cacheReadPrefetch, set this parameter to
FALSE. To turn on cacheReadPrefetch set this
parameter to TRUE.
Additional Information
You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Names can have a maximum of 30 characters. The
owner parameter defines which RAID controller module owns the volume.
The preferred controller ownership of a volume is the RAID controller
module that currently owns the disk group.
Segment Size
The size of a segment determines how many data blocks that the RAID
controller module writes on a single physical disk in a virtual disk before
writing data on the next physical disk. Each data block stores 512 bytes of
data. A data block is the smallest unit of storage. The size of a segment
determines how many data blocks that it contains. For example, an 8-KB
segment holds 16 data blocks. A 64-KB segment holds 128 data blocks.
When you enter a value for the segment size, the value is checked against the
supported values that are provided by the RAID controller module at run
time. If the value that you entered is not valid, the RAID controller module
returns a list of valid values. Using a single physical disk for a single request
leaves other physical disks available to simultaneously service other requests.
If the virtual disk is in an environment where a single user is transferring large
units of data (such as multimedia), performance is maximized when a single
data transfer request is serviced with a single data stripe (a data stripe is the
segment size that is multiplied by the number of physical disks in the volume
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group that are used for data transfers). In this case, multiple physical disks are
used for the same request, but each physical disk is accessed only once. For
optimal performance in a multiuser database or file system storage
environment, set your segment size to minimize the number of physical disks
that are required to satisfy a data transfer request.
CacheReadPrefetch
Cache read prefetch lets the RAID controller module copy additional data
blocks into cache while the RAID controller module reads and copies data
blocks that are requested by the host from disk into cache. This action
increases the chance that a future request for data can be fulfilled from cache.
Cache read prefetch is important for multimedia applications that use
sequential data transfers. The configuration settings for the storage array that
you use determine the number of additional data blocks that the RAID
controller module reads into cache.
Valid values for the cacheReadPrefetch parameter are TRUE or FALSE.
Re-create Snapshot
This command starts a new copy-on-write operation by using an existing
snapshot virtual disk. You can re-create a single snapshot virtual disk or recreate multiple virtual disks.
NOTE: Refer to "Preparing Host Servers to Re-create a Snapshot Virtual Disk" on
page 75.
NOTICE: Before you create a new point-in-time image of a source virtual disk, stop
any data access (I/O) activity or suspend data transfer to the source virtual disk to
ensure that you capture an accurate point-in-time image of the source virtual disk.
Close all applications, including Windows® Internet Explorer®, to make sure all I/O
activity has stopped.
NOTE: Removing the drive letter of the associated virtual disk in Windows or
unmounting the virtual drive in Linux will help to guarantee a stable copy of the
drive for the Snapshot.
Syntax
recreate snapshot (virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen]) [userLabel=
"snapshotVirtualDiskName"
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warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk or virtualDisks
Name of the specific virtual disk for which to start a
fresh copy-on-write operation. You can enter more
than one virtual disk name. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the virtual disk name. If the
virtual disk name has special characters, you
must also put quotation marks (" ") around the
virtual disk name.
userLabel
Name of the snapshot virtual disk. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the snapshot virtual
disk name. If you enter more than one snapshot
virtual disk name, this command fails.
warningThresholdPercent
Percentage of repository capacity at which you
receive a warning that the repository is nearing
full. Use integer values. For example, a value of
70 means 70 percent. The default value is
50 percent.
NOTE: If warningThresholdPercent is not
specified, the previously set value is used.
repositoryFullPolicy
Specifies how snapshot processing continues if
the repository is full. You can choose to fail writes
to the source virtual disk (failSourceWrites) or
fail writes to the snapshot virtual disk
(failSnapShot). The default value is
failSnapShot.
NOTE: If repositoryFullPolicy is not specified, the
previously set value is used.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
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NOTE: If the warningThresholdPercent parameter or the repositoryFullPolicy
parameter is not specified, the previously set values are used. If you use the
optional parameters, the re-create Snapshot will process each snapshot virtual
disk separately. If the same userLabel (name) is specified for more than one virtual
disk, the command fails. If no optional parameters are specified, the re-create
Snapshot will process the specified snapshot virtual disks as a batch, provided a
validation check of all of the virtual disks runs successfully. If successful, the
snapshots start the re-creation process and all of the affected virtual disks
(snapshot, source, and repository) are quiesced until the process is complete.
NOTE: If no optional parameters are specified, the recreate snapshot command
will process the specified snapshot virtual disks as a batch, provided a validation
check of all of the virtual disks runs successfully. If successful, the snapshots start
the re-creation process and all of the affected virtual disks (snapshot, source, and
repository) are quiesced until the process is complete.
NOTE: The Microsoft Virtual Shadow Copy Service (VSS) provider allows the
recreation of multiple snapshots simultaneously.
Remove Virtual Disk Copy
This command removes a virtual disk copy pair.
Syntax
remove virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
target
Name of the target virtual disk to remove. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the target virtual disk name. If the target
virtual disk name has special characters, you must also put
quotation marks (" ") around the target virtual disk name.
source
Name of the source virtual disk to remove. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the source virtual disk name. If the
source virtual disk name has special characters, you must also
put quotation marks (" ") around the source virtual disk name.
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Remove Virtual Disk LUN Mapping
This command removes the logical unit number (LUN) mapping.
Syntax
remove (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
["virtualDiskName"] |
virtualDisks ["virtualDiskName1" ...
"virtualDiskNamen"] | accessVirtualDisk)
lunMapping (host="hostName" | hostGroup=
"hostGroupName")
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Removes the LUN mapping from all virtual disks.
virtualDisk or
virtualDisks
Name of the specific virtual disk to remove from the LUN
mapping. You can enter more than one virtual disk name. You
must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets ([ ]) around the
virtual disk name. The virtual disk name and quotation marks
must be inside the brackets.
accessVirtualDisk
Removes the access virtual disk.
NOTICE: The host agent uses the access virtual disks to
communicate in-band with a storage array. If you remove
an access virtual disk mapping for a storage array from a
host that has an agent running on it, the storage
management software is no longer able to manage the
storage array through the in-band agent.
host
Name of the host to which the virtual disk is mapped. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the host name.
hostGroup
Name of the host group that contains the host to which the
virtual disk is mapped. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the host group name.
NOTE: You must use the host and hostGroup parameters when specifying a
nonaccess virtual disk or an access virtual disk. The script engine ignores the host
or hostGroup parameters when you use the allVirtualDisks or virtualDisks
parameters.
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Repair Virtual Disk Consistency
This command repairs the consistency errors on a virtual disk.
Syntax
repair virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] consistency
consistencyErrorFile=filename [verbose=(TRUE |
FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk
Name of the specific virtual disk for which to repair
consistency. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the virtual
disk name. If the virtual disk name has special characters, you
must also put quotation marks (" ") around the virtual disk
name.
consistencyErrorFile
Name of the file that contains the consistency error
information you use to repair the errors. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
verbose
Captures progress details, such as percent complete, and
shows the progress detail information as virtual disk
consistency is being repaired. To capture progress details, set
this parameter to TRUE. To prevent capturing progress
details, set this parameter to FALSE.
Reset RAID Controller Module
This command resets a RAID controller module.
NOTE: When you reset a RAID controller module, the RAID controller module is not
available for I/O operations until the reset is complete. If a host is using virtual disks
owned by the RAID controller module being reset, the I/O directed to the RAID
controller module is rejected. Before resetting the RAID controller module, either
verify that the virtual disks owned by the RAID controller module are not in use or
ensure a multipath driver is installed on all hosts using these virtual disks.
Syntax
reset controller [(0 | 1)]
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
RAID controller module to reset. Valid RAID controller
module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller
module on the left and 1 is the RAID controller module on
the right when viewed from the rear of the enclosure. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the RAID controller module
identifier. If you do not specify an owner, the RAID controller
module firmware returns a syntax error.
Reset Storage Array Battery Install Date
This command resets the age of the batteries in a storage array to zero days.
You can reset the batteries for an entire storage array or just the battery for a
specific RAID controller module or in a specific battery pack.
Syntax
reset storageArray batteryInstallDate controller=
(0 | 1)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
Specifies the RAID controller module that contains the
battery for which to reset the age. Valid RAID controller
module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller
module on the left, and 1 is the RAID controller module on
the right when viewed from the rear of the enclosure. Use the
controller parameter only for RAID controller modules with
batteries.
NOTE: If you do not specify a RAID controller module, the age is reset for the
storage array battery or both RAID controller module batteries. If you specify a
RAID controller module, then the age for only that RAID controller module battery is
reset.
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Reset Storage Array iSCSI Baseline
This command resets the iSCSI baseline for the storage array to 0.
Syntax
reset storageArray iscsiStatsBaseline
Parameters
None.
NOTE: This command resets the baseline to 0 for both RAID controller modules in
the storage array. The purpose of resetting both of the RAID controller module
baselines is to help ensure that the counts are synchronized between the RAID
controller modules. If one RAID controller module resets but the second RAID
controller module does not reset, the host is informed that the RAID controller
modules are out of synchronization. The host is informed by the time stamps that
are reported with the statistics.
Example
-c "reset storageArray iscsiStatsBaseline;"
Reset Storage Array SAS PHY Baseline
This command resets the SAS PHY baseline for all SAS devices in a storage
array.
Syntax
reset storageArray SASPHYBaseline
Parameters
None.
Example
-c "delete host [\"job2900\"];"
Reset Storage Array Virtual Disk Distribution
This command reassigns (moves) all virtual disks to their preferred RAID
controller module.
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Syntax
reset storageArray virtualDiskDistribution
Parameters
None.
NOTICE: Ensure that the multipath driver is running before you use this command,
or the virtual disk will not be accessible.
NOTE: Under certain host operating system environments, you might be required to
reconfigure the multipath host physical disk. You might also need to make operating
system modifications to recognize the new I/O path to the virtual disks.
Revive Disk Group
This command forces the specified disk group and associated failed physical
disks to the Optimal state. All physical disks assigned to the disk group must
be installed before you attempt to run this command.
NOTICE: Correct use of this command depends on the data configuration on all of
the physical disks in the disk group. Never attempt to revive a physical disk unless
supervised by a Customer or Technical Support representative.
NOTICE: Do not attempt to run this command o a disk group that is in the Degraded
state. Running this command on a disk group that is in the Degraded state can
cause loss of access to the data on the physical disks in the disk group.
Syntax
revive diskGroup [diskGroupNumber]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Number of the disk group to be set to the Optimal state. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the disk group number.
Revive Physical Disk
This command forces the specified physical disk to the Optimal state.
NOTICE: Correct use of this command depends on the data configuration on all
physical disks in the disk group. Never attempt to revive a physical disk unless
supervised by a Technical Support representative.
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Syntax
revive physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk
resides. Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0
to 31. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the enclosure ID
value and the slot ID value.
Save Enclosure Log Data
This command saves the log data maintained by the EMM in all enclosures in
a storage array to a file.
Syntax
save allEnclosures logFile="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
logFile
Name of the file to which to save the EMM log data. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
Save Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostic Status
This command saves the physical disk channel fault isolation diagnostic data
that is returned from the start physical disk channel fault isolation
diagnostics command. You can save the diagnostic data to a file as standard
text or as XML.
See "Start Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostics" on page 224 for
more information.
Syntax
save physicalDiskChannel[(0 | 1)] faultDiagnostics
file=”filename”
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
The name of the file in which you are storing the results of
the fault isolation diagnostics test on the drive channel.
Enclose the name in double quotation marks (" ").
NOTE: A file extension is not automatically appended to the saved file. You must
specify the applicable format suffix for the file. If you specify a file extension of .txt,
then the output will be in a text file format. If you specify a file extension of .xml,
then the output will be in an XML file format.
Save Physical Disk Log
This command saves the log sense data to a file. Log sense data is maintained
by the storage array for each physical disk.
Syntax
save allPhysicalDisks logFile="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
logFile
Name of the file to which to write the log sense data. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
Save RAID Controller Module NVSRAM
This command saves a copy of the RAID controller module NVSRAM values
to a file. This command saves all regions.
Syntax
save controller [(0 | 1)] NVSRAM file="filename"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
RAID controller module with the NVSRAM values to save.
Valid RAID controller module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0
is the RAID controller module on the left and 1 is the RAID
controller module on the right when viewed from the rear of
the enclosure. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the RAID
controller module identifier.
file
Name of the file in which to save the values. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
Save Storage Array Configuration
This command creates a script file to use to create the current storage array
virtual disk configuration.
Syntax
save storageArray configuration file="filename"
[(allConfig | globalSettings=(TRUE | FALSE)
virtualDiskConfigAndSettings=(TRUE | FALSE)
hostTopology=(TRUE | FALSE)
lunMappings=(TRUE | FALSE))]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
Name of the file that contains the configuration values.
You must put quotation marks (" ") around the file
name.
allConfig
Saves all of the configuration values to the file. (If you
choose this parameter, all of the configuration
parameters are set to TRUE.)
globalSettings
Saves the global settings to the file. To save the global
settings, set this parameter to TRUE. To prevent saving
the global settings, set this parameter to FALSE. The
default value is TRUE.
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Parameter
Description
virtualDiskConfigAndSe Saves the virtual disk configuration settings and all of
the global settings to the file. To save the virtual disk
ttings
configuration and global settings, set this parameter to
TRUE. To prevent saving the virtual disk configuration
and global settings, set this parameter to FALSE. The
default value is TRUE.
hostTopology
Saves the host topology to the file. To save the host
topology, set this parameter to TRUE. To prevent saving
the host topology, set this parameter to FALSE. The
default value is FALSE.
lunMappings
Saves the LUN mapping to the file. To save the LUN
mapping, set this parameter to TRUE. To prevent
saving the LUN mapping, set this parameter to FALSE.
The default value is FALSE.
NOTE: When you use this command, you can specify any combination of the
parameters for global setting, virtual disk configuration setting, host topology, or
LUN mapping. To enter all settings, use the allConfig parameter. The parameters are
optional; you do not have to enter any parameters.
Save Storage Array Events
This command saves events from the Major Event Log (MEL) to a file. You
can save either all the events or only the critical events.
Syntax
save storageArray (allEvents | criticalEvents)
file="filename" [count=numberOfEvents]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allEvents | criticalEvents
Specifies whether to save all events (allEvents) or only
the critical events (criticalEvents).
file
Name of the file to which to save the events. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
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Parameter
Description
count
Specifies the number of events or critical events to save
to a file. If you do not enter a value for the count, all
events or critical events are saved to the file. If you enter
a value for the count, only that number of events or
critical events (starting with the last event entered) are
saved to the file. Use integer values.
Save Storage Array iSCSI Statistics
This command saves the storage array iSCSI performance statistics to a file.
The following statistics are saved to the file:
•
Statistics related to the physical Ethernet port
•
Statistics related to the TCP protocol
•
Statistics related to the IP protocol
Syntax
save storageArray iscsiStatistics [raw | baseline]
file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter Description
raw
This parameter defines that the statistics collected are all statistics from
the RAID controller module start-of-day. Enclose the parameter in square
brackets ([ ]).
baseline
This parameter defines that the statistics collected are all statistics from
the time the RAID controller modules were reset to zero using the reset
storageArray iscsiStatsBaseline command. Enclose the parameter in
square brackets ([ ]).
file
The name of the file to which you want to save the performance statistics.
Enclose the file name in double quotation marks (" ").
NOTE: If you have not reset the iSCSI baseline statistics since the RAID controller
module start-of-day, the time at the start-of-day is the default baseline time.
NOTE: This command does not automatically append a file extension to the new
file. You must specify the file extension when you enter the file name.
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Example
-c "save storageArray iscsiStatistics [raw] file =
\"testfile\";"
Save Storage Array Performance Statistics
This command saves the performance statistics to a file. Before you use this
command, issue the set session performanceMonitorInterval and set session
performanceMonitorIterations commands to specify how often statistics are
collected.
Syntax
save storageArray performanceStats file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
Name of the file to which to save the performance
statistics. You must put quotation marks (" ") around
the file name.
Save Storage Array SAS PHY Counts
This command saves the storage array SAS PHY counters to a file.
Syntax
save storageArray SASPHYCounts file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
Name of the file to which to save the storage array SAS
PHY counters. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the file name.
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Save Storage Array State Capture
This command saves the state capture to a file.
Syntax
save storageArray stateCapture file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
Name of the file to which to save the state capture. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the file name.
Save Storage Array Support Data
This command saves the storage array support-related information to a file.
Syntax
save storageArray supportData file="filename"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
file
Name of the file to which to save the storage array
support-related data. You must put quotation marks
(" ") around the file name.
Set Controller
This command defines the attributes for the RAID controller modules.
Syntax
set controller [(0 | 1)]
availability=(online | offline | serviceMode)
ethernetPort [1] = ethernet-port-options
globalNVSRAMByte [nvsramOffset]=
(nvsramByteSetting | nvsramBitSetting) |
hostNVSRAMByte [hostType, nvsramOffset]=
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(nvsramByteSetting | nvsramBitSetting) |
iscsiHostPort [(1 | 2)] = iscsi-host-port-options
rloginEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
This parameter is the RAID controller module for which
you want to define properties. Valid identifiers for the
RAID controller module are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID
controller module on the left and 1 is the RAID controller
module on the right when viewed from the rear of the
RAID enclosure. You must put square brackets ([ ]) around
the identifier for the RAID controller module. If you do
not specify a RAID controller module, the firmware for the
RAID controller module returns a syntax error.
availability
This parameter sets the mode for the RAID controller
module to online, offline, or serviceMode.
ethernetPort
This parameter defines the attributes (options) for the
management Ethernet ports. Refer to Table 2-4 for a list of
the attributes that you can set.
Valid Ethernet port identifiers are 1 or 2. You must put
square brackets ([ ]) around the Ethernet port identifier.
globalNVSRAMByte
This parameter modifies a portion of the RAID controller
module NVSRAM. Specify the region to be modified using
the starting byte offset within the region, and the size and
value of the new data to be stored into NVSRAM.
hostNVSRAMByte
This parameter updates the NVSRAM for the host specific
region. Specifies the host index for the specific host, the
starting offset within the region, the number of bytes, and
the values to be written.
iscsiHostPort
This parameter defines the attributes (options) for the
host Ethernet ports. Refer to Table 2-5 for a list of the
attributes that you can set.
Valid Ethernet port identifiers are 1 or 2. You must put
square brackets ([ ]) around the Ethernet port identifier.
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Parameter
Description
rloginEnabled
This parameter defines whether the remote login feature is
turned on or turned off. To turn on the remote login
feature, set this parameter to TRUE. To turn off the
remote login feature, set this parameter to FALSE.
NOTE: When you use this command, you can specify one or more of the
parameters. You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
NOTE: Setting availability to serviceMode causes the alternate RAID controller
module to take ownership of all virtual disks. The specified RAID controller module
no longer has any virtual disks and refuses to take ownership of any more virtual
disks. Service mode is persistent across reset and power cycles until the
availability parameter is set to online.
NOTE: Use the show controller NVSRAM command to display parts or all of the
NVSRAM.
Additional Information
The maxFramePayload option is shared between IPv4 and IPv6. The payload
portion of a standard Ethernet frame is set at 1500, and a jumbo Ethernet
frame is set at 9000. When using jumbo frames, all of the devices that are in
the network path should be capable of handling the larger frame size.
You must set the enableIPv4 parameter or the enableIPv6 parameter to
TRUE to make sure that the specific IPv4 setting or the specific IPv6 setting
is applied.
When the duplexMode parameter is set to TRUE, the selected Ethernet port
is set to full duplex. The default value is half duplex (the duplexMode
parameter is set to FALSE).
The portSpeed parameter is expressed as megabits per second (Mb/s).
The IPv6 address space is 128 bits. It is represented by eight 16-bit
hexadecimal blocks separated by colons. You may drop leading zeros, and you
may use a double colon to represent consecutive blocks of zeroes.
The default value for the IPv6HopLimit parameter is 64.
The default value for the IPv6NdReachableTime parameter is
30000 milliseconds.
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The default value for theIPv6NdRetransmitTime parameter is
1000 milliseconds.
The default value for the IPv6NdTimeOut parameter is 30000 milliseconds.
The default port value for the tcpListeningPort parameter is 3260.
Examples
-c "set controller [0] iscsiHostPort[0]
IPV6LocalAddress=
FE80:0000:0000:0000:0214:22FF:FEFF:EFA9 enableIPV6=
TRUE;"
-c "set controller [0] iscsiHostPort[0]
IPV6ConfigurationMethod=auto enableIPV6=TRUE;"
-c "set controller [0] availability=online;"
-c "set controller [0] ethernetPort[1] IPV4Address=
192.168.0.101;"
-c "set controller [0] iscsiHostPort[1]
IPV4SubnetMask=255.255.255.0 enableIPV4;"
-c "set controller [0] iscsiHostPort[1]
IPV4GatewayIP=192.168.0.1 enableIPV4;"
Set Disk Group
This command defines the properties for a disk group.
Syntax
set diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] addPhysicalDisks=
(trayID1,slotID1
... trayIDn,slotIDn) raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
owner=(0 | 1)
availability=(online | offline)
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Sequence number of the disk group for which to set properties.
You must put brackets ([ ]) around the disk group number.
addPhysicalDisks Identifies the physical disk by tray and slot location to include in
the disk group. Tray ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0
to 31. You must put parentheses around the tray ID values and the
slot ID values.
raidLevel
RAID level for the disk group. Valid values are 0, 1, 5, or 6.
owner
RAID controller module that owns the disk group. Valid RAID
controller module identifiers are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID
controller module on the left and 1 is the RAID controller module
on the right when viewed from the rear of the enclosure. Use this
parameter only if you want to change the disk group owner.
availability
Setting for the disk group, which is either online or offline.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the parameters.
You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters. Using two many parameters
can cause host I/O errors or result in internal controller reboots because the time
period ends before the disk group definition is set.
NOTE: The addPhysicalDisks or raidLevel operations cannot be stopped once they
have been initiated.
NOTE: The time required to complete the addPhysicalDisks or raidLevel operations
is dependent on the number and size of the disks used.
Set Enclosure Attribute
This command sets user-defined attributes for an enclosure.
Syntax
set enclosure [enclosureID] (chassisName |
assetTag)= "userID"
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
enclosure
Identifies a specific enclosure for which to set the attribute.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the enclosure ID value.
chassisName
Chassis name or number to give the new enclosure. Chassis names
can be any combination of alphanumeric characters with a
maximum length of 32 characters. Alphabetical characters can be
uppercase or lowercase. You can also use the underscore character
(_) and the hyphen (-) character. You cannot use spaces in a chassis
name. You must put quotation marks (" ") around the chassis
name.
assetTag
Asset tag name or number to give the new enclosure. Asset tags
can be any combination of alphanumeric characters with a
maximum length of ten characters. Alphabetical characters can be
uppercase or lowercase. You can also use the underscore character
(_) and the hyphen (-) character. You cannot use spaces in an asset
tag name. You must put quotation marks (" ") around the asset tag
name.
Set Enclosure Identification
This command sets the ID of an enclosure in a storage array.
Syntax
set enclosure ["Service Tag"] id=enclosureID
Parameters
Parameter
Description
enclosure
Service tag of the RAID enclosure or the
expansion enclosure for which you are setting the
enclosure ID. You must put quotation marks (" ")
around the Service Tag.
id
Specifies the value for the RAID enclosure or
expansion enclosure ID. Valid values are 00
through 99. You do not need to put parentheses
around the enclosure ID value.
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Set Foreign Physical Disk to Native
This command incorporates foreign physical disks that have not been
imported into the storage array configuration through normal means. This
operation is for emergency recovery use only. Use this statement only when
one or more physical disks were added after the configuration adoption
process completed.
NOTICE: Using this command for purposes other than what is stated above might
result in data corruption or data loss without notification.
Syntax
set (physicalDisk [trayID,slotID] |
allPhysicalDisks) nativeState
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
The tray and the slot where the physical disk
resides. Tray ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values
are 0 to 31. Enclose the tray ID values and the
slot ID values in square brackets ([ ]).
allPhysicalDisks
Selects all the physical disks.
Set Host
This command assigns a host to a host group or moves a host to a different
host group. You can also create a new host group and assign the host to the
new host group with this command. The actions performed by this command
depend on whether the host has individual virtual disk-to-LUN mappings or
does not have individual virtual disk-to-LUN mappings.
Syntax
set host [hostName]
hostGroup=("hostGroupName" | none | defaultGroup)
userLabel="newHostName"
hostType=(hostTypeIndexLabel |
hostTypeIndexNumber)
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
host
The name of the host that you want to assign to a host group.
Enclose the host name in square brackets ([ ]). If the host name has
special characters, you must also enclose the host name in double
quotation marks (" ").
hostGroup
The host group to which you want to assign the host. (The following
table defines how the command runs if the host does or does not
have individual virtual disk-to-LUN mappings.) Enclose the host
group name in double quotation marks (" "). The defaultGroup is
the host group that contains the host to which the virtual disk is
mapped.
userLabel
The new host name. Enclose the host name in double quotation
marks (" ").
hostType
The index label or number of the host type for the HBA host port.
Use the show storageArray hostTypeTable command to
generate a list of available host type identifiers. If the host type has
special characters, enclose it in double quotation marks (" ").
Host Group Parameter
Host Has Individual Virtual
Disk-to-LUN Mappings
Host Does Not Have Individual
Virtual Disk-to-LUN Mappings
hostGroupName
The host is removed from
the present host group and is
placed under the new host
group defined by
hostGroupName.
The host is removed from the
present host group and is
placed under the new host
group defined by
hostGroupName.
none
The host is removed from
the host group as an
independent partition and is
placed under the root node.
The host is removed from the
present host group and is
placed under the default
group.
defaultGroup
The command fails.
The host is removed from the
present host group and is
placed under the default
group.
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NOTE: When you use this command, you can specify one or more of the optional
parameters. You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Examples
-c "set host [job2900] hostGroup=none userLabel=
\"job2900\" hostType=0;"
-c "set host [\"pe2900\"] userLabel=\"pe2901\";"
Set Host Group
This command renames a host group.
Syntax
set hostGroup [hostGroupName] userLabel=
"newHostGroupName"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
hostGroup
Name of the host group to rename. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the host group name. If the
host group name has special characters, you must
also put quotation marks (" ") around the host
group name.
userLabel
New name for the host group. You must put
quotation marks (" ") around the host group
name.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
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Set Host Port
This command changes the host type for an HBA host port. You can also
change an HBA host port label with this command.
Syntax
set hostPort [portLabel] host=“hostName”
userLabel=“newPortLabel”
Parameters
Parameter
Description
hostPort
The name of the HBA host port for which you want to change the
host type, or for which you want to create a new name. Enclose the
HBA host port name in square brackets ([ ]). If the HBA host port
label has special characters, enclose the HBA host port label in
double quotation marks (" ").
host
The name of the host to which the HBA host port is connected.
Enclose the host name in double quotation marks (" ").
userLabel
The new name that you want to give to the HBA host port. Enclose
the new name of the HBA host port in double quotation marks (" ").
NOTE: When you use this command, you can specify one or more of the optional
parameters. You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Set iSCSI Initiator
This command sets the attributes for an iSCSI initiator.
Syntax
set iscsiInitiator iscsiName = new-iSCSI-ID |
userLabel = new-name | host = new-host-name |
chapSecret = new-password
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
iscsiName
The name of the iSCSI initiator for which you want to set
attributes.
userLabel
The new name that you want to use for the iSCSI initiator.
host
The name of the new host to which the HBA host port is connected.
Enclose the host name in double quotation marks (" ").
chapSecret
The password that you want to use to authenticate a peer
connection.
NOTE: Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) is a protocol that
authenticates the peer of a connection. CHAP is based upon the peers sharing a
“secret.” A secret is a security key that is similar to a password.
NOTE: Use the chapSecret parameter only for initiators requiring mutual
authentication.
Examples
-c "set iscsiInitiator [\"pe29000\"] userLabel=
\"pe29001\";"
-c "set iscsiInitiator <\"iqn.199105.com.microsoft:svctag-70wnh91\"> userLabel=
\"29000\";"
-c "show iscsiInitiator[\"pe29000\"]
iscsiSessions;"
-c "show iscsiInitiator <\"iqn.199105.com.microsoft:svctag-70wnh91\">
iscsiSessions;"
Set iSCSI Target Properties
This command defines properties for an iSCSI target.
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Syntax
set iscsiTarget authenticationMethod = (none |
chap) | chapSecret = password |
isnsRegistration = (TRUE | FALSE) |
targetAlias = user-label
Parameters
Parameter
Description
authenticationMethod
The means of authenticating your iSCSI
session.
chapSecret
The password that you want to use to
authenticate a peer connection.
isnsRegistration
The means of listing the iSCSI target on
the iSNS server. Set the parameter to
TRUE to list it.
targetAlias
The name that you want to use for the
target.
NOTE: Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) is a protocol that
authenticates the peer of a connection. CHAP is based upon the peers sharing a
“secret.” A secret is a security key that is similar to a password.
NOTE: Use the chapSecret parameter only for initiators requiring mutual
authentication.
NOTE: The targetAlias is a descriptive name that you can give to the target to help
make it easier to identify. You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters,
hyphens, and underscores for the targetAlias. The targetAlias can have a maximum
of 30 characters.
Examples
-c "set iscsiTarget <\"iqn.198405.com.dell:powervault.
6001372000f5f0e600000000463b9292\">
authenticationMethod = none;"
-c "set iscsiTarget [\"iscsi2900\"] targetAlias =
\"iscsi2902\";"
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-c "set iscsiTarget <\"iqn.198405.com.dell:powervault.
6001372000f5f0e600000000463b9292\"> targetAlias =
\"iscsi2902\";"
Set Physical Disk Channel Status
This command defines how the physical disk channel performs.
Syntax
set physicalDiskChannel [( 1 | 2 )] status=
(optimal | degraded)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskChannel
Identifier number of the physical disk channel for which to
set the status. Valid physical disk channel values are 1 or 2.
You must put brackets ([ ]) around the physical disk channel
number.
status
Condition of the channel. You can set the channel status to
optimal or degraded.
NOTE: Use the optimal parameter to move a degraded
channel back to the Optimal state. Use the degraded
parameter if the channel is experiencing problems, and the
storage array requires additional time for data transfers.
Set Physical Disk Hot Spare
This command assigns or unassigns one or more physical disks as a hot spare.
Syntax
set (physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] |
physicalDisks [enclosureID0,slotID0 ...
enclosureIDn,slotIDn]) hotSpare=(TRUE | FALSE)
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk or
physicalDisks
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk
resides. Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values
are 0 to 31. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
enclosure ID values and the slot ID values.
hotSpare
Assigns the physical disk as the hot spare. To assign the
physical disk as the hot spare, set this parameter to
TRUE. To remove a hot spare assignment from a
physical disk, set this parameter to FALSE.
Set Physical Disk State
This command sets a physical disk to the failed state. To return a physical disk
to the Optimal state, use the revive physicalDisk command.
Syntax
set physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID]
operationalState=failed
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk
resides. Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values
are 0 to 31. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
enclosure ID value and the slot ID value.
Set RAID Controller Module
This command defines the attributes for the RAID controller modules.
Syntax
set controller [(0 | 1)] availability=(online |
offline |
serviceMode) | ethernetPort [(1 | 2)]=
ethernetPortOptions |
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globalNVSRAMByte [nvsramOffset]=
(nvsramByteSetting |
nvsramBitSetting) | hostNVSRAMByte [hostType,
nvsramOffset]=(nvsramByteSetting |
nvsramBitSetting) |
iscsiHostPort [(1 | 2)]=iscsiHostPortOptions
rloginEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE) | serviceAllowedIndicator=(on | off)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
The RAID controller module for which you want to
define properties. Valid identifiers for the RAID
controller module are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID
controller module on the left, and 1 is the RAID
controller module on the right when viewed from the
rear of the enclosure. Enclose the identifier for the RAID
controller module in square brackets ([ ]). If you do not
specify a RAID controller module, the firmware for the
RAID controller module returns a syntax error.
availability
The mode for the RAID controller module, which you
can set to online, offline, or serviceMode (service).
ethernetPort
The attributes (options) for the management Ethernet
ports. The entries to support this parameter are listed in
"Syntax Element Statement Data" on page 185”. Many
settings are possible, including setting the IP address,
the gateway address, and the subnet mask address.
globalNVSRAMByte
A portion of the RAID controller module NVSRAM.
Specify the region to be modified using the starting byte
offset within the region, and the size and value of the
new data to be stored into NVSRAM.
hostNVSRAMByte
The NVSRAM for the host-specific region. The setting
specifies the host index for the specific host, the starting
offset within the region, the number of bytes, and the
values to be written.
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Parameter
Description
iscsiHostPort
The values that support this parameter are listed in
"Syntax Element Statement Data" on page 185. Many
settings are possible, including setting the IP address,
the gateway address, the subnet mask address, the IPv4
priority, and the IPv6 priority.
rloginEnabled
The setting for whether the remote login feature is
turned on or turned off. To turn on the remote login
feature, set this parameter to TRUE. To turn off the
remote login feature, set this parameter to FALSE.
serviceAllowedIndicator
The setting for whether the Service Action Allowed
indicator light is turned on or turned off. To turn on the
Service Action Allowed indicator light, set this
parameter to on. To turn off the Service Action Allowed
indicator light, set this parameter to off.
Syntax Element Statement Data
The following options are available for the ethernetPort parameter.
enableIPv4=(TRUE | FALSE) |
enableIPv6=(TRUE | FALSE) |
ethernetPort Options
IPv6LocalAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
IPv6RoutableAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
IPv6RouterAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
IPv4Address=(0-255).(0-255).(0-255).(0-255) |
IPv4ConfigurationMethod=[(static | dhcp)] |
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IPv4GatewayIP=(0-255).(0-255).(0-255).(0-255) |
IPv4SubnetMask=(0-255).(0-255).(0-255).(0-255) |
duplexMode=(TRUE | FALSE) |
portSpeed=[(autoNegotiate | 10 | 100 | 1000)]
iscsiHostPort Options
The following options are available for the iscsiHostPort parameter.
IPv4Address=(0-255).(0-255).(0-255).(0-255) |
IPv6LocalAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
IPv6RoutableAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
IPv6RouterAddress=(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0FFFF):(0FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF):(0-FFFF) |
enableIPv4=(TRUE | FALSE) |
enableIPv6=(TRUE | FALSE) |
iscsiHostPort Options
enableIPv4Vlan=(TRUE | FALSE) |
enableIPv6Vlan=(TRUE | FALSE) |
enableIPv4Priority=(TRUE | FALSE) |
enableIPv6Priority=(TRUE | FALSE) |
IPv4ConfigurationMethod=(static | dhcp) |
IPv6ConfigurationMethod=(static | auto) |
IPv4GatewayIP=(TRUE | FALSE) |
IPv6HopLimit=[0-255] |
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IPv6NdDetectDuplicateAddress=[0-256] |
IPv6NdReachableTime=[0-65535] |
IPv6NdRetransmitTime=[0-65535] |
IPv6NdTimeOut=[0-65535] |
IPv4Priority=[0-7] |
IPv6Priority=[0-7] |
IPv4SubnetMask=(0-255).(0-255).(0-255).(0-255) |
IPv4VlanId=[1-4094] |
IPv6VlanId=[1-4094] |
maxFramePayload=[frameSize] |
tcpListeningPort=[3260, 49152-65536] |
Additional Information
When you use this command, you can specify one or more of the parameters.
You do not need to use all of the parameters. Setting the availability
parameter to serviceMode causes the alternate RAID controller module to
take ownership of all of the virtual disks. The specified RAID controller
module no longer has any virtual disks and refuses to take ownership of any
more virtual disks. Service mode is persistent across reset cycles and power
cycles until the availability parameter is set to online.
Use the show controller NVSRAM command to show the NVSRAM
information. The maxFramePayload option is shared between IPv4 and IPv6.
The payload portion of a standard Ethernet frame is set at 1500, and a jumbo
Ethernet frame is set at 9000. When using jumbo frames, all of the devices
that are in the network path should be capable of handling the larger frame
size.
You must set the enableIPv4 parameter or the enableIPv6 parameter to TRUE
to make sure that the specific IPv4 setting or the specific IPv6 setting is
applied.
When the duplexMode parameter is set to TRUE, the selected Ethernet port
is set to full duplex. The default value is half duplex (the duplexMode
parameter is set to FALSE).
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The portSpeed parameter is expressed as megabits per second (Mb/s).
The IPv6 address space is 128 bits. It is represented by eight 16-bit
hexadecimal blocks separated by colons. You may drop leading zeros, and you
may use a double colon to represent consecutive blocks of zeroes.
The default value for the IPv6HopLimit parameter is 64.
The default value for the IPv6NdReachableTime parameter is
30000 milliseconds.
The default value for the IPv6NdRetransmitTime parameter is
1000 milliseconds.
The default value for the IPv6NdTimeOut parameter is 30000 milliseconds.
The default port value for the tcpListeningPort parameter is 3260.
Set Session
This command defines how you want the current script engine session to run.
Syntax
set session errorAction=(stop | continue)
password="storageArrayPassword"
performanceMonitorInterval=intervalValue
performanceMonitorIterations=iterationValue
Parameters
Parameter
Description
errorAction
Specifies how the session responds if an error is
encountered during processing. You can choose to
stop the session if an error is encountered, or you can
continue after encountering an error. The default
error action is to stop. (This parameter defines the
action for execution errors, not syntax errors. Some
error conditions might override the continue value.)
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Parameter
Description
password
Specifies the password for the storage array. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the password.
NOTE: Passwords are stored on each storage array in
a management domain. If a password was not
previously set, you do not need a password. The
password can be any combination of alphanumeric
characters with a maximum of 30 characters. (You can
define a storage array password by using the set
storageArray command.)
performanceMonitorInterval
Specifies how frequently to gather performance
data. Enter an integer value for the polling interval,
in seconds, for which you want to capture data. The
range of values is 3 to 3600 seconds. The default
value is 5 seconds.
NOTE: The polling interval you specify remains in
effect until you end the session. After you end the
session, the polling interval returns to the default
values.
performanceMonitorIterations Specifies the number of samples to capture. Enter
an integer value. The range of values for samples
captured is 1 to 3600. The default value is 1.
NOTE: The number of iterations you specify remains
in effect until you end the session. After you end the
session, the number of iterations returns to the default
values.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the parameters.
You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
Set Snapshot Virtual Disk
This command defines the properties for a snapshot virtual disk and enables
you to rename a snapshot virtual disk.
Syntax
set (virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen]) userLabel=
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"snapshotVirtualDiskName"
warningThresholdPercent=percentValue
repositoryFullPolicy=(failSourceWrites |
failSnapShot)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk or virtualDisks
Name of the specific snapshot virtual disk for
which to define properties. (You can enter more
than one snapshot virtual disk name by using the
virtualDisks parameter). You must put quotation
marks (" ") and brackets ([ ]) around the
snapshot virtual disk name. The snapshot virtual
disk name and quotation marks must be inside
the brackets.
userLabel
New name to give to a snapshot virtual disk. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the new
snapshot virtual disk name.
warningThresholdPercent
Percentage of repository capacity at which a
warning is given that the repository is nearing
full. Use integer values. For example, a value of
70 means 70 percent. The default value is 50.
NOTE: You can set this parameter for both the
repository virtual disk and snapshot virtual disk.
repositoryFullPolicy
Specifies the desired method of snapshot
processing if the repository is full. You can choose
to fail writes to the source virtual disk
(failSourceWrites) or fail writes to the snapshot
virtual disk (failSnapShot). The default value is
failSnapShot.
NOTE: You can set this parameter for both the
repository virtual disk and snapshot virtual disk.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the optional
parameters. You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
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NOTE: You can use any combination of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and
underscores for the names. Command names can have a maximum of 30
characters. If you exceed the maximum character limit, replace square brackets
([ ]) with angle brackets (< >) to overcome this limitation.
Set Storage Array
This command defines the properties of the storage array.
Syntax
set storageArray cacheBlockSize=
cacheBlockSizeValue failoverAlertDelay=delayValue
mediaScanRate=(disabled | 1-30) |
password="password" |
userLabel="storageArrayName"
Parameters
Parameter
Description
cacheBlockSize
Specifies the cache block size used by the RAID
controller module for managing the cache. Valid
values are 4 (4 KB) or 16 (16 KB), the default
value is 4.
NOTE: Typically, this parameter should not be
changed from the default. The default setting has
been set based on best performance for all
environments.
NOTE: When defining cache block sizes, the 4-KB
cache block size is best suited for systems that
require I/O streams that are typically small and
random. The 16-KB cache block size is more useful
for systems that require large data transfer,
sequential, high bandwidth applications. This
parameter defines the cache block size for all
virtual disks in the storage array. For redundant
configurations, this parameter includes all virtual
disks owned by both controllers within the storage
array.
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Parameter
Description
failoverAlertDelay
Specifies the failover alert delay time in minutes.
The valid delay time range is 0 to 60 minutes.
The default value is 5 minutes.
mediaScanRate
Specifies the number of days over which the
media scan runs. Valid values are: 0, which
disables media scan, or 1 to 30, where 1 is the
fastest scan rate, and 30 is the slowest.
NOTE: Media scan runs on all virtual disks in the
storage array that have an Optimal status, have no
modification operations in progress, and have the
mediaScanRate parameter enabled.
password
Specifies the password for the storage array. You
must put quotation marks (" ") around the
password.
NOTE: Passwords are stored on each storage
array. The password can be any combination of
alphanumeric characters, with a maximum of 30
characters.
userLabel
Specifies a name for the storage array. You must
put quotation marks (" ") around the storage
array name.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the optional
parameters. You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
Set Storage Array Enclosure Positions
This command defines the position of the enclosures in a storage array. You
must include all enclosures in the storage array when you enter this
command.
Syntax
set storageArray enclosurePositions=(enclosure-idlist)
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
enclosurePositions
List of enclosure IDs. The sequence of the
module IDs in the list define the positions for
the RAID enclosure and expansion enclosures in
a storage array. Valid values are 0 to 99. Separate
the enclosure ID values with a space, and put
parentheses around the list of enclosure IDs.
NOTE: This command defines the position of an enclosure in a storage array by the
position of the enclosure ID in the enclosurePositions list. For example, if you have
a RAID enclosure with an ID set to 84 and expansion enclosures with IDs set to 1
and 12, the enclosurePositions sequence (84 1 12) places the RAID enclosure in the
first position, expansion enclosure 1 in the second position, and expansion
enclosure 12 in the third position. The enclosurePositions sequence (1 84 12) places
the RAID enclosure in the second position, expansion enclosure 1 in the first
position, and expansion enclosure 12 in the third position.
Set Storage Array ICMP Response
This command returns the default values for negotiable settings for sessions
and connections, which represent the storage array’s starting point for
negotiations.
Syntax
set storageArray icmpPingResponse = (TRUE | FALSE)
Parameter
Parameter
Description
icmpPingResponse
This parameter turns on or turns off Echo Request messages.
Set the parameter to TRUE to turn on Echo Request
messages. Set the parameter to FALSE to turn off Echo
Request messages.
NOTE: The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used by operating systems
in a network to send error messages, such as a requested service is not available
or that a host or router could not be reached. The ICMP response command sends
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ICMP Echo Request messages and receives Echo Response messages to
determine if a host is reachable and how long packets take to get to and from that
host.
Example
-c "set storageArray icmpPingResponse = TRUE;"
Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv4 Address
This command sets the configuration method and address for an IPv4
Internet Storage Name Service (iSNS).
Syntax
set storageArray isnsIPV4ConfigurationMethod =
[static | dhcp] isnsIPV4Address = ipv4-address
Parameters
Parameter
Description
isnsIPV4Configuration Method
The method that you want to use to
define the iSNS server configuration. You
can enter the IP address for the IPv4 iSNS
servers by selecting static. For IPv4,
you can choose to have a Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server
select the iSNS server IP address by
entering dhcp. To enable DCHP, you
must set the isnsIPV4Address IP address
to 0.0.0.0.
isnsIPV4Address
The IP address that you want to use for
the iSNS server. Use this parameter with
the static argument for IPv4
configurations. If you choose to have a
DHCP server set the IP address for an
IPv4 IP iSNS server, you must set the
isnsIPV4Address IP address to 0.0.0.0.
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NOTE: The DHCP server passes configuration parameters, such as network
addresses, to IP nodes. DHCP enables a client to acquire all of the IP configuration
parameters that it needs to operate. DHCP enables you to automatically allocate
reusable network addresses.
Example
-c "set storageArray isnsIPV4ConfigurationMethod =
static isnsIPV4Address = 192.168.0.1;"
Set Storage Array iSNS Server IPv6 Address
This command sets the address for an IPv6 Internet Storage Name Service
(iSNS).
Syntax
set storageArray isnsIPV6Address=ipv6-address
Parameter
Parameter
Description
isnsIPV6Address
IPv6address you want to use for the iSNS
server
NOTE: The iSNS protocol facilitates the automated discovery, management, and
configuration of iSCSI and Fibre Channel devices on a TCP/IP network. The iSNS
protocol provides intelligent storage discovery and management services
comparable to those found in Fibre Channel networks, allowing a commodity IP
network to function in a similar capacity as a storage area network. The iSNS
protocol also facilitates a seamless integration of IP and Fibre Channel networks,
due to its ability to emulate Fibre Channel fabric services, and manage both iSCSI
and Fibre Channel devices.
Set Storage Array iSNS Server Listening Port
This command sets the iSNS server listening port.
Syntax
set storageArray isnsListeningPort = integer
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Parameter
Parameter
Description
isnsListeningPort
The IP address that you want to use for
the iSNS server listening port. The range
of values for the listening port is 49152 to
65535. The default value is 3205.
NOTE: A listening port resides on the database server and is responsible for
listening (monitoring) for incoming client connection requests and managing the
traffic to the server
NOTE: When a client requests a network session with a server, a listener receives
the actual request. If the client information matches the listener information, then
the listener grants a connection to the database server.
Example
-c "set storageArray isnsListeningPort = 3205;"
Set Storage Array iSNS Server Refresh
This command refreshes the network address information for the iSNS server.
This command is valid for only IPv4.
Syntax
set storageArray isnsServerRefresh
Parameters
None.
NOTE: If the DHCP server is not operating at full capability, or if the DHCP server is
unresponsive, the refresh operation can take between two and three minutes to
complete.
NOTE: The set storageArray isnsServerRefresh command returns an error if you
did not set the configuration method to DHCP. To set the configuration method to
DHCP, use the set storageArray isnsIPV4ConfigurationMethod command.
Example
-c "start storageArray isnsServerRefresh ;"
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Set Storage Array Learn Cycle
This command sets the learn cycle for the battery backup unit, which enables
the MD Storage Manager Software to predict the remaining battery life.
Learn cycles run at set intervals, and they store the results for software
analysis.
Syntax
set storageArray learnCycleDate
(daysToNextLearnCycle=integer-literal | day=
string-literal) time=HH:MM
Parameters
Parameter
Description
daysToNextLearnCycle Valid values are 0 through 7, where 0 is immediately and 7
is in seven days. The daysToNextLearnCycle parameter
takes place up to seven days after the next scheduled learn
cycle
day
Valid values include the days of the week (Sunday, Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday).
Setting the day causes the next learn cycle to be scheduled
on the specified day, after the currently scheduled learn
cycle.
time
The time in 24-hour format; for example 8:00 a.m. is
entered as 08:00. Nine o’clock p.m. is entered as 21:00, and
9:30 p.m. is entered as 21:30.
NOTE: You can set the learn cycle to occur only once during a seven-day period.
The time parameter selects a specific time that you want to run the learn cycle. If a
value is not entered, the command uses a default value of 00:00 (midnight). If the
day and time specified are in the past, the next learn cycle takes place on the next
possible day specified.
Set Storage Array Time
This command sets the clocks on both RAID controller modules in a storage
array by synchronizing the RAID controller module clocks with the clock of
the host from which you issue this command.
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Syntax
set storageArray time
Parameters
None.
Set Unnamed Discovery Session
This command enables the storage array to participate in unnamed discovery
sessions.
Syntax
set iscsiTarget unnamedDiscoverySession = (TRUE |
FALSE)
Parameter
Parameter
Description
unnamedDiscoverySession
This parameter turns on or turns off
unnamed discovery sessions. Set the
parameter to TRUE to turn on an
unnamed discovery sessions. Set the
parameter to FALSE to turn off an
unnamed discovery sessions.
NOTE: Discovery is the process where initiators determine the targets that are
available. Discovery occurs at power-on/initialization and also if the bus topology
changes, for example, if an extra device is added.
NOTE: An unnamed discovery session is a discovery session that is established
without specifying a target ID in the login request. For unnamed discovery sessions,
neither the target ID or the target portal group ID are available to the targets.
Set Virtual Disk
This command defines the properties for a virtual disk. You can use most of
the parameters to define properties for one or more virtual disks, however,
some of the parameters define properties for only one virtual disk at a time.
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The syntax definitions are separated to show which parameters apply to
several virtual disks and which apply to only one virtual disk. The syntax for
virtual disk mapping is listed separately.
Syntax Applicable to One or More Virtual Disks
set (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
["virtualDiskName"] |
virtualDisks ["virtualDiskName1" ...
"virtualDiskNamen"] |virtualDisk <wwid>)
mediaScanEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
mirrorCacheEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
modificationPriority=(highest | high | medium |
low | lowest)owner=(0 | 1)
writeCacheEnabled=(TRUE | FALSE)
cacheReadPrefetch=(TRUE | FALSE)
NOTE: Enabling Write Cache on a virtual disk generally improves performance for
applications with significant Write content (unless the application features a
continuous string of Writes. However, Write Cache does introduce some risk of data
loss in the unlikely event of a controller failure.
Syntax Applicable to Only One Virtual Disk
Set (virtualDisk ["virtualDiskname"] | virtualDisk
<wwid>) addCapacity=virtualDiskcapacity
[addPhysicalDisks=(enclosureID0,slotID0 ...
enclosureIDn,slotIDn)] consistencyCheckEnabled=
(True | False) segmentSize=segmentSizeValue
userLabel="virtualDiskName"
Syntax Applicable to Virtual Disk Mapping
set (virtualDisk ["virtualDiskName"] | virtualDisk
<wwid> | accessVirtualDisk) logicalUnitNumber=LUN
(host="hostName" | hostGroup=("hostGroupName")
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Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Specifies the properties for all virtual disks in the
storage array.
virtualDisk or virtualDisks
(name)
Specifies the name of the virtual disk for which to
define properties. You can enter more than one virtual
disk name if you use the virtualDisks parameter. You
must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets ([ ])
around the virtual disk name. The virtual disk name
and quotation marks must be inside the brackets.
virtualDisk
(wwid)
Specifies the WWID of the virtual disk for which you
are setting properties. You can use the WWID instead
of the virtual disk name to identify the virtual disk. You
must put angle brackets (< >) around the WWID.
mediaScanEnabled
Turns media scan for the virtual disk on or off. To turn
media scan on, set to TRUE. To turn media scan off,
set to FALSE. If media scan is disabled at the storage
array level, this parameter has no effect.
mirrorCacheEnabled
Turns the mirror cache on or off. The default setting is
TRUE. To turn the mirror cache off, set this parameter
to FALSE.
NOTE: Data loss can occur if a RAID controller module
fails when cache mirroring is set to FALSE on the virtual
disks owned by the failed controller.
modificationPriority
Specifies the priority for virtual disk modifications
while the storage array is operational. Valid entries are
highest, high, medium, low, or lowest.
NOTE: The ModificationPriority parameter defines the
amount of system resources used when modifying virtual
disk properties. If you select the highest priority level, the
virtual disk modification uses the most system resources,
which decreases performance for host data transfers.
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Parameter
Description
owner
Specifies the RAID controller module that owns the
virtual disk. Valid RAID controller module identifiers
are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller module on
the left and 1 is the RAID controller module on the
right when viewed from the rear of the enclosure. Use
only if you want to change the virtual disk owner.
writeCacheEnabled
Turns the write cache on or off. To turn on the write
cache, set this parameter to TRUE. To turn off the
write cache, set this parameter to FALSE. The default
value is TRUE.
cacheReadPrefetch
This parameter turns the cache read prefetch on or off.
To turn off cache read prefetch, set this parameter to
FALSE. To turn on cache read prefetch, set this
parameter to TRUE. The default value is TRUE.
addCapacity
Increases storage size (capacity) of the virtual disk for
which you are defining properties. Size is defined in
units of bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, or gigabytes, or
terabytes. The default units are bytes.
Virtual Disk capacity expansion increases the size of
the logical unit that is exposed by the RAID controller.
Refer to your OS documentation for additional
information about how the OS can recognize the
additional capacity on the virtual disk and increase the
size of OS volumes on the virtual disk.
addPhysicalDisks
Adds new physical disks to the virtual disk. Specify the
enclosure ID and slot ID for each physical disk that
you assign to the virtual disk. Enclosure ID values are 0
to 99. Slot ID values are 0 to 31. You must put brackets
([ ]) around the enclosure ID values and the slot ID
values. Use with the addCapacity parameter if you
must specify additional physical disks to accommodate
the new size.
consistencyCheckEnabled
Turns consistency checking during a media scan on or
off. To turn consistency checking on, set to TRUE. To
turn consistency checking off, set to FALSE.
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Parameter
Description
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the RAID controller
module writes on a single physical disk in a virtual disk
before writing data on the next physical disk. Valid
values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512. For
information about the segmentSize parameter, see
"Using the Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
userLabel
Specifies the new name to give an existing virtual disk.
You must put quotation marks (" ") around the new
virtual disk name.
accessVirtualDisk
Specifies the logical unit number for the access virtual
disk. The logical unit number is the only property that
you can set for the access virtual disk.
NOTE: If you specify the accessVirtualDisk parameter,
the only property that you can set is the
logicalUnitNumber.
logicalUnitNumber
Defines specific virtual disk-to-LUN mappings to an
individual host or assigns the host to a host group.
host
Specifies the name of the host to which the virtual disk
is mapped. You must put quotation marks (" ") around
the host name.
hostGroup
Specifies the name of the host group to which the
virtual disk is mapped. You must put quotation marks
(" ") around the host group name.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the parameters.
You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
NOTE: You can apply the addCapacity, segmentSize, userLabel, and
logicalUnitNumber parameters to only one virtual disk at a time.
NOTE: Setting the addCapacity, addPhysicalDisks, or segmentSize parameter
starts a long-running operation that you cannot stop. These long-running
operations are performed in the background and do not prevent you from running
other commands. To display the progress of long-running operations, use the show
virtualDisk actionProgress command.
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Set Virtual Disk Copy
This command defines the properties for a virtual disk copy pair.
Syntax
set virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]] copyPriority=(highest | high |
medium | low | lowest) targetReadOnlyEnabled=(TRUE
| FALSE)
Parameters
Parameter
Description
target
Specifies the name of the target virtual disk for which
to define properties. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the target virtual disk name. If the target virtual
disk name has special characters, you must also put
quotation marks (" ") around the target virtual disk
name.
source
Specifies the name of the source virtual disk for which
to define properties. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the source virtual disk name. If the source
virtual disk name has special characters, you must also
put quotation marks (" ") around the source virtual disk
name.
copyPriority
Specifies the priority that the virtual disk copy has
relative to host I/O activity. Valid entries are highest,
high, medium, low, or lowest.
targetReadOnlyEnabled
Specifies whether the target virtual disk is write
enabled or read only. To be able to write to the target
virtual disk, set to FALSE. To prevent writing to the
target virtual disk, set to TRUE.
NOTE: When using this command, you can specify one or more of the parameters.
You do not, however, need to use all of the parameters.
Show Current iSCSI Sessions
This command returns information about an iSCSI session.
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203
Syntax
show iscsiInitiator iscsiSessions
[iscsiInitiatorName | iscsiTargetName]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
iscsiInitiatorName
The name of the iSCSI initiator for which you want to
obtain session information. Enclose the iSCSI initiator
name in square brackets ([ ]).
iscsiTargetName
The name of the iSCSI target for which you want to obtain
session information. Enclose the iSCSI target name in
square brackets ([ ]).
NOTE: If you enter this command without defining any arguments, this command
returns information about all iSCSI sessions that are currently running. To limit the
information returned, enter a specific iSCSI initiator or a specific iSCSI target. This
command then returns information about the session for only the iSCSI initiator or
the iSCSI target that you named.
Show Disk Group
This command returns the following information about a disk group:
•
Status (online or offline)
•
Physical disk type (SAS or SATA)
•
Enclosure loss protection (yes or no)
•
Current owner (RAID controller module 0 or RAID controller module 1)
•
Associated virtual disks and free capacity
•
Associated physical disks
NOTE: You can use the free capacity area value when you create a virtual disk
based on the free capacity of a disk group. For a description of how to use the free
capacity value, see the create virtualDisk command on "Create RAID Virtual Disk
(Free Capacity Base Select)" on page 128.
Syntax
show diskGroup [diskGroupNumber]
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Script Commands
Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Number of the disk group for which to display
information. You must put brackets ([ ]) around
the disk group number.
Show Host Ports
For all HBA host ports connected to a storage array, this command returns the
following information:
•
HBA host port identifier
•
HBA host port name
•
HBA host type
Syntax
show allHostPorts
Parameters
None.
Example
-c "show allHostPorts;"
Show Physical Disk
For each physical disk in the storage array, this command returns the
following information:
•
The total number of physical disks
•
The type of physical disk (SAS or SATA)
•
Basic physical disk information:
–
Enclosure location and slot location
–
Status
–
Capacity
–
Data transfer rate
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•
–
Product ID
–
Firmware level
Physical disk channel information:
–
Enclosure location and slot location
–
Preferred channel
–
Redundant channel
•
Hot spare coverage
•
Details for each physical disk
Depending on the size of the storage array, this information can be several
pages long. The physical disk information is also returned when you issue the
show storageArray profile command.
Syntax
show (allPhysicalDisks [physicalDiskType=
(SAS | SATA)] |
physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] |
physicalDisks [enclosureID0,slotID0 ...
enclosureIDn,slotIDn])
[summary]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allPhysicalDisks
Returns information about all physical disks in
the storage array.
NOTE: To determine information about the type
and location of all physical disks in the storage
array, use the allPhysicalDisks parameter.
physicalDiskType
Specifies the type of physical disk for which to
retrieve information. Valid physical disk types are
SAS or SATA.
NOTE: To determine the information about the SAS
or SATA physical disks in the storage array, use the
physicalDiskType parameter.
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Script Commands
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk or physicalDisks
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the
physical disk resides. You can enter enclosure IDs
and slot IDs for one or several physical disks.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values
are 0 to 31. You must put parentheses around the
enclosure ID values and the slot ID values.
summary
Returns the status, capacity, data rate, product
ID, and firmware version for the specified
physical disks.
NOTE: To determine the type of physical disk in a
specific location, use the physicalDisk parameter,
and enter the enclosure and slot IDs for the
physical disk.
Show Physical Disk Channel Statistics
This command shows cumulative physical disk channel data transfer and
error information. If the RAID controller module has automatically degraded
a channel, this command also shows interval statistics. When using this
command, you can display information about one specific physical disk
channel, several physical disk channels, or all physical disk channels.
Syntax
show (physicalDiskChannel [(1 | 2 )] |
physicalDiskChannels [(1 | 2 ) ... (1n | 2n )] |
allPhysicalDiskChannels) stats
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskChannel
Identifier number of the physical disk channel
for which to display information. Valid physical
disk channel values are 1 or 2. You must put
brackets ([ ]) around the physical disk channel
values.
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Show Physical Disk Download Progress
This command returns the status of firmware downloads for the physical disks
targeted by the download physicalDisk firmware or download storageArray
physicalDiskFirmware commands.
Syntax
show allPhysicalDisks downloadProgress
Parameters
None.
NOTE: When all firmware downloads have successfully completed, this command
returns a Successful status. If any firmware downloads fail, this command shows
the firmware download status of each targeted physical disk. This command returns
the status values shown in the following table.
Status
Definition
Successful
Downloads completed without errors.
Not Attempted
Downloads did not start.
Partial Download
Downloads are in progress.
Failed
Downloads completed with errors.
Show RAID Controller Module
For each RAID controller module in a storage array, this command returns the
following information:
208
•
Status (Online, Offline)
•
Current firmware and NVSRAM configuration
•
Pending firmware and NVSRAM configuration configurations (if any)
•
Board ID
•
Product ID
•
Product revision
•
Serial number
•
Date of manufacture
Script Commands
•
Date and time to which the RAID controller module is set
•
Associated virtual disks (including preferred owner)
•
Ethernet port
•
Physical disk interface
Syntax
show (allControllers | controller [(0 | 1)])
[summary]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allControllers
Returns information about both RAID controller modules in the
storage array.
controller
Returns information about a specific RAID controller module in
the storage array. Valid RAID controller module identifiers are 0
or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller module on the left and 1 is
the RAID controller module on the right when viewed from the
rear of the enclosure. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
RAID controller module identifier.
NOTE: The detailed RAID controller module information is also
returned for the show storageArray command.
summary
Returns a concise list of information about both RAID
controller modules in the storage array.
NOTE: When you use the summary parameter, the command
returns the list of information without the physical disk channel and
host channel information.
Show RAID Controller Module NVSRAM
This command returns a list of the NVSRAM byte values for the specified
host type. If you do not enter the optional parameters, this command returns
a list of all NVSRAM byte values.
Script Commands
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Syntax
show (allControllers | controller [(0 | 1)])
NVSRAM [hostType=(hostTypeIndexLabel | host=
"hostName")]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allControllers
Returns information about both RAID controller modules in the
storage array.
controller
Returns information about a specific RAID controller module in
the storage array. Valid RAID controller module identifiers are 0
or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller module on the left and 1 is
the RAID controller module on the right when viewed from the
rear of the enclosure. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
RAID controller module identifier.
hostType
Specifies the index label or number of the host type. Use the
show storageArray hostTypeTable command to generate a list of
available host type identifiers.
host
Specifies the name of the host connected to the RAID controller
modules. You must put quotation marks (" ") around the host
name.
NOTE: Use the show controller NVSRAM command to display parts or all of the
NVSRAM before using the set controller command to change NVSRAM values.
Show Storage Array
This command returns configuration information about the storage array.
The parameters return lists of values for the components and features in the
storage array. You can enter the command with a single parameter or more
than one parameter. If you enter the command with no parameters, the entire
storage array profile is displayed (which is the same information as if you
entered the profile parameter).
210
Script Commands
Syntax
show storageArray profile batteryAge connections
defaultHostType healthStatus hostTypeTable
hotSpareCoverage features time
virtualDiskDistribution summary
Parameters
Parameter
Description
profile
Displays all properties of the logical and physical components
that comprise the storage array. The information returned takes
several screens to display.
NOTE: The profile parameter returns detailed information about the
storage array. The information covers several screens on a display.
You might need to increase the size of your display buffer to see all
the information. Because this information is so detailed, you might
want to save the output of this parameter to a file. To save the
output to a file, enter the show storageArray command similar to
the following:
smcli 123.45.67.89 -c "show storagearray
profile;" -o "c:\\folder\\storagearray
profile.txt"
NOTE: The previous command syntax is for a host running
Windows. The actual syntax varies depending on your operating
system.
batteryAge
Displays the status, the age of the battery in days, and the
number of days until the battery needs to be replaced.
connections
Displays a list of the drive channel port locations and the drive
channel connections.
defaultHostType
Displays the default host type and host type index.
healthStatus
Displays the health, logical properties, and physical component
properties of the storage array.
hostTypeTable
Displays a table of all host types known to the RAID controller
module. Each row in the table displays a host type index and the
platform the index represents.
hotSpareCoverage Displays information about which virtual disks of the storage
array have hot spare coverage and which virtual disks do not.
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Parameter
Description
features
Displays a list of the feature identifiers for all enabled features in
the storage array.
time
Displays the current time to which both RAID controller
modules in the storage array are set.
virtualDiskDistrib Displays the current RAID controller module owner for each
ution
virtual disk in the storage array.
summary
Returns a concise list of information about the storage array
configuration.
NOTE: When you save the information to a file, you can use the information as a
record of your configuration and as an aid during recovery.
Show Storage Array Autoconfigure
This command shows the default autoconfiguration that the storage array
creates if you issue the autoConfigure storageArray command. To determine
whether the storage array can support specific properties, enter the parameter
for the properties when you issue this command. You do not, however, need to
enter any parameters for this command to return configuration information.
If you do not specify any properties, this command returns the RAID 5
candidates for each physical disk type. If RAID 5 candidates are not available,
this command returns candidates for RAID 1 or RAID 0. In order to view the
RAID 6 autoConfiguration options, you must specify the raidLevel option.
When you specify auto-configuration properties, the RAID controller
modules validate that the firmware can support the properties.
Syntax
show storageArray autoConfiguration
[physicalDiskType=(SAS | SATA)
raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
diskGroupWidth=numberOfPhysicalDisks
diskGroupCount=numberOfDiskGroups
virtualDisksPerGroupCount=
numberOfVirtualDisksPerGroup hotSpareCount=
numberOfHotspares
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
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Script Commands
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDiskType
Type of physical disk to use for the storage array. Valid
physical disk types are SAS or SATA. The
physicalDiskType parameter is not required if only one
type of physical disk is in the storage array. This
parameter is not required if only one type of physical
disk is in the storage array.
raidLevel
RAID level of the disk group that contains the physical
disks in the storage array. Valid RAID levels are 0, 1, 5
or 6.
diskGroupWidth
Number of physical disks in a disk group in the storage
array. This number depends on the capacity of the
physical disks. Integer values are required. For
information about the number of physical disks that
you can use in a disk group, see "Enclosure Loss
Protection" on page 52.
diskGroupCount
Number of disk groups in the storage array. Use integer
values.
virtualDisksPerGroupCount Number of equal-capacity virtual disks per disk group.
Use integer values.
hotSpareCount
Number of hot spares desired in the storage array. Use
integer values. For information about hot spares, see
"Assigning Global Hot Spares" on page 59.
segmentSize
Amount of data (in kilobytes) that the RAID controller
module writes on a single physical disk in a virtual disk
before writing data on the next physical disk. Valid
values are 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512. For
information about the segmentSize parameter, see
"Using the Auto Configure Command" on page 53.
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213
Show Storage Array Host Topology
This command returns storage partition topology, host type labels, and host
type index for the host storage array.
Syntax
show storageArray hostTopology
Parameters
None.
Show Storage Array LUN Mappings
This command returns information from the storage array profile about the
storage array LUN mappings. If you run this command with no parameters,
this command returns all LUN mappings.
Syntax
show storageArray lunMappings [host ["hostName"] |
hostgroup ["hostGroupName"]]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
host
Name of a specific host for which to see the LUN mappings.
You must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets ([ ]) around
the host name. The host name and quotation marks must be
inside the brackets.
hostGroup
Name of a specific host group for which to see the LUN
mappings. You must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets
([ ]) around the host group name.The host group name and
quotation marks must be inside the brackets.
Show Storage Array Negotiation Defaults
This statement returns information about connection-level settings that are
subject to initiator-target negotiation.
214
Script Commands
Syntax
show storageArray iscsiNegotiationDefaults
Parameters
None.
NOTE: Information returned includes RAID controller module default settings
(settings that are the starting point for negotiation), and the current active settings.
Example
-c "show storageArray iscsiNegotiationDefaults;"
Show Storage Array Pending Topology
This command identifies the hosts and host groups that the storage
management software discovered. Use the accept storageArray
pendingTopology command to create hosts and host groups from the
pending topology.
Syntax
show storageArray pendingTopology
Parameters
None.
Show Storage Array Unreadable Sectors
This command returns a table of the addresses of all unreadable sectors in the
storage array. The table is organized with column headings for the following
information:
1 Virtual disk user label
2 LUN
3 Accessible by host or host group
4 Date/Time
5 Virtual disk-relative logical block address
Hex format (0x nnnnnnnn)
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215
6 Physical disk location
Enclosure t, slot s
7 Physical disk-relative logical block address
Hex format (0x nnnnnnnn)
8 Failure Type
The data is sorted first by virtual disk user label and second by the logical
block address (LBA). Each entry in the table corresponds to a single sector.
Syntax
show storageArray unreadableSectors
Parameters
None.
Show String
This command shows a string of text from a script file. This command is
similar to the echo command in the MS DOS and Linux operating systems.
Syntax
show "string"
Parameters
None.
NOTE: You must put quotation marks (" ") around the string.
Show Unconfigured iSCSI Initiators
This command returns a list of initiators that have been detected by the
storage array but are not yet configured into the storage array topology.
Syntax
show storageArray
unconfiguredIscsiInitiators
216
Script Commands
Parameters
None.
Example
-c "show storageArray
unconfiguredIscsiInitiators;"
Show Virtual Disk
For the virtual disks in a storage array, this command returns the following
information:
•
Number of virtual disks
•
Name
•
Status
•
Capacity
•
RAID level
•
Disk group where the virtual disk is located
•
Details
–
Virtual disk ID
–
Subsystem ID
–
Physical disk type (SAS or SATA)
–
Enclosure loss protection
–
Preferred owner
–
Current owner
–
Segment size
–
Modification priority
–
Read cache status (enabled, disabled)
–
Write cache status (enabled, disabled)
–
Write cache without batteries status (enabled, disabled)
–
Flush write cache after time
–
Enable background media scan status (enabled, disabled)
–
Media scan with consistency check status (enabled, disabled)
Script Commands
217
•
Snapshot repository virtual disks
•
Snapshot virtual disks
•
Copies
Syntax
show (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen]) [summary]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Returns information about all virtual disks in the storage
array.
virtualDisk or
virtualDisks
Specifies the name of the specific virtual disk from which
to retrieve information. You can enter more than one
virtual disk name. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
virtual disk name. If the virtual disk name has special
characters, you must also put quotation marks (" ") around
the virtual disk name.
summary
Returns a concise list of information about the virtual
disks.
Show Virtual Disk Action Progress
For a long-running operation that is currently running on a virtual disk, this
command returns information about the virtual disk action and amount of
the long-running operation completed. The completed amount of the longrunning operation is shown as a percentage (for example, 25 means that
25 percent of the long-running operation is completed).
Syntax
show virtualDisk ["virtualDiskName"]
actionProgress
218
Script Commands
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk
Name of the virtual disk running the long-running
operation. You must put quotation marks (" ") and
brackets ([ ]) around the virtual disk name. The virtual
disk name and quotation marks must be inside the
brackets.
Show Virtual Disk Copy
This command returns information about virtual disk copy operations. The
following information is returned:
•
Copy status
•
Start timestamp
•
Completion timestamp
•
Copy priority
•
Source virtual disk WWID or target virtual disk WWID
•
Read-only attribute setting of the target virtual disk
You can retrieve information about a specific virtual disk copy pair or all
virtual disk copy pairs in the storage array.
Syntax
show virtualDiskCopy (allVirtualDisks |
source ["sourceName"] |
target ["targetName"])
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Returns information about virtual disk copy operations for all
virtual disk copy pairs.
source
Name of the source virtual disk about which to retrieve
information. You must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets ([ ])
around the source virtual disk name. The source virtual disk name
and quotation marks must be inside the brackets.
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219
Parameter
Description
target
Name of the target virtual disk about which to retrieve information.
You must put quotation marks (" ") and brackets ([ ]) around the
target virtual disk name. The target virtual disk name and
quotation marks must be inside the brackets.
Show Virtual Disk Copy Source Candidates
This command returns information about the candidate virtual disks that you
can use as the source for a virtual disk copy operation.
Syntax
show virtualDiskCopy sourceCandidates
Parameters
None.
Show Virtual Disk Copy Target Candidates
This command returns information about the candidate virtual disks that you
can use as the target for a virtual disk copy operation.
Syntax
show virtualDiskCopy source ["sourceName"]
targetCandidates
Parameters
Parameter
Description
source
Name of the source virtual disk for which you are trying to find a
candidate target virtual disk. You must put quotation marks (" ")
and brackets ([ ]) around the source virtual disk name. The source
virtual disk name and quotation marks must be inside the brackets.
Show Disk Group Import Dependencies
This command shows a list of dependencies for the physical disks in a disk
group that you want to move from one storage array to a second storage array.
220
Script Commands
Syntax
show diskGroup [diskGroupNumber]
importDependencies [cancelImport=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
The number of the disk group for which you want to show
information. Enclose the disk group number in square brackets ([ ])
cancelImport
The setting to spin the physical disks back down after the disk
group dependencies have been read. To spin down the physical
disks, set this parameter to TRUE. To let the physical disks stay
spinning, set this parameter to FALSE.
NOTE: This command returns the dependencies of a specific disk group, which
must be in an Exported state or a Forced state. If a decision is made to retain the
listed dependencies, then the cancelImport parameter can be enforced to spin the
physical disks back down.
NOTE: The show diskGroup importDependencies command must be run before the
start diskGroup import command.
Show Virtual Disk Performance Statistics
This command returns information about the performance of the virtual
disks in a storage array.
Syntax
show (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen] performanceStats
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221
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Returns performance statistics for all of the virtual disks in
the storage array.
virtualDisk or
virtualDisks
Name of the specific virtual disk for which you are retrieving
performance statistics. You can enter more than one virtual
disk name. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the virtual
disk name. If the virtual disk name has special characters,
you must also put quotation marks (" ") around the virtual
disk name.
NOTE: Before issuing the show virtualDisk performanceStat command, issue the
set session performanceMonitorInterval and set session
performanceMonitorIterations commands to define how often you collect the
statistics.
Show Virtual Disk Reservations
This command returns information about the virtual disks that have
reservations.
Syntax
show (allVirtualDisks | virtualDisk
[virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen] reservations
Parameters
Parameter
Description
allVirtualDisks
Returns reservation information about all virtual disks in
the storage array.
virtualDisk or
virtualDisks
Name of the specific virtual disk for which you are retrieving
reservation information. You can enter more than one
virtual disk name. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the
virtual disk name. If the virtual disk name has special
characters, you must also put quotation marks (" ") around
the virtual disk name.
222
Script Commands
Start Disk Group Blink
This command identifies the physical disks that are logically grouped
together to form the specified disk group by blinking the indicator LEDs on
the physical disks. (Use the stop diskGroup blink command to turn off the
indicator LEDs on the physical disks.)
Syntax
start diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] blink
Parameter
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Number of the disk group to identify. You must
put brackets ([ ]) around the disk group number.
Start Disk Group Defragment
This command starts a defragment operation on the specified disk group.
NOTE: Defragmenting a disk group starts a long-running operation that you cannot
stop.
Syntax
start diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] defragment
Parameter
Parameter
Description
diskGroup
Number of the disk group to defragment. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the disk group
number.
Start Enclosure Blink
This command identifies an enclosure by turning on the indicator LED. (Use
the stop enclosure blink command to turn off the indicator LED for the
enclosure.)
Script Commands
223
Syntax
start enclosure [enclosureID] blink
Parameter
Parameter
Description
enclosure
Identifies the enclosure to blink. Enclosure ID
values are 0 to 99. You must put brackets ([ ])
around the enclosure ID value.
Start iSCSI DHCP Refresh
This command initiates a refresh of the DHCP parameters for the iSCSI
interface. If the configuration method for the interface is not set to DHCP,
the procedure returns an error.
Syntax
start storageArray [iscsi-host-port] dhcpRefresh
Parameter
Parameter
Description
iscsi-host-port
The identifier of the port on the storage array on which you want to
refresh the DHCP parameters. Enclose the iSCSI host port name in
square brackets ([ ]).
NOTE: This operation ends the iSCSI connections for the portal and brings down
the portal temporarily.
Start Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostics
This command runs the physical disk channel fault isolation diagnostics and
stores the results.
Syntax
start physicalDiskChannel [(1 | 2)] controller [(0
| 1)]
224
Script Commands
faultDiagnostics {testDevices=[all | controller=(0
| 1) |
emms=[trayID1 (left | right), ... trayIDn (left |
right)] |
physicalDisks=[trayID1, slotID1, ... , trayIDn,
slotIDn]] |
dataPattern=(fixed | pseudoRandom) |
patternNumber=[(0xhexadecimal | integerLiteral)] |
maxErrorCount=integer | testIterations=integer |
timeout=timeInterval}
Parameters
Parameter
Description
controller
The identifier letter of the RAID controller module that
you want to test. Valid RAID controller module identifier
values are 0 or 1, where 0 is the RAID controller module on
the left, and 1 is the RAID controller module on the right
when viewed from the rear of the enclosure.
testDevices
The identifiers of the devices (RAID controller modules,
EMMs, or physical disks) that you want to test. You can
specify all or enter the specific identifiers for the devices
that you want to diagnose.
dataPattern
The method of repeatability that you want to test.
patternNumber
The hexadecimal data pattern you want to use to run the
test.
This number can be any hexadecimal number between
0000 to FFFF.
maxErrorCount
The number of errors that you want to accept before
terminating the test.
testIterations
The number of times that you want to repeat the test.
timeout
The length of time in minutes that you want to run the test.
Script Commands
225
NOTE: Use the save physicalDiskChannel faultDiagnostics command and the stop
physicalDiskChannel faultDiagnostics command in association with the start
physicalDiskChannel faultDiagnostics command. These commands are needed to
save the diagnostic test results to a file and to stop the diagnostic test.
NOTE: You can stop this command at any time by pressing Ctrl+C.
Start Physical Disk Blink
This command identifies a physical disk by turning on the indicator LED on
the physical disk. (Use the stop physicalDisk blink command to turn off the
indicator LED on the physical disk.)
Syntax
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] blink
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk resides.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0 to 31. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the enclosure ID value and slot
ID value.
Start Physical Disk Initialize
This command starts physical disk initialization.
NOTICE: As soon as you enter this command, all user data is destroyed.
Syntax
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID] initialize
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk resides.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0 to 31. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the enclosure ID value and slot
ID value.
226
Script Commands
Start Physical Disk Reconstruction
This command starts reconstructing a physical disk.
Syntax
start physicalDisk [enclosureID,slotID]
reconstruct
Parameters
Parameter
Description
physicalDisk
Identifies the enclosure and slot where the physical disk resides.
Enclosure ID values are 0 to 99. Slot ID values are 0 to 31. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the enclosure ID value and slot
ID value.
Start Storage Array Blink
This command identifies a storage array by turning on the indicator LED for
the storage array. (Use the stop storageArray blink command to turn off the
indicator LED for the storage array.)
Syntax
start storageArray blink
Parameters
None.
Example
-c "start storageArray blink ;"
Start Disk Group Import/Export
The import command moves a disk group into a Complete state to make a
newly introduced disk group available to its new storage array. The disk group
must be in an Exported state or a Forced state before you run this command.
Upon successfully running the command, the disk group is operational.
Script Commands
227
The export command prepares a disk group so that it can be moved from one
enclosure to another. The disk group is in the Exported state and is
unavailable for use once the command has been successfully run.
NOTE: Within the disk group, you cannot move virtual disks that are associated
with the premium features from one storage array to another storage array.
Syntax
start diskGroup [diskGroupNumber] (import |
export)
Parameter
Parameter
Description
diskGroupNumber The number of the disk group that you want to import. Enclose
the disk group number in square brackets ([ ]).
NOTE: Higher-level virtual disks that are specifically related to premium features
(Snapshot, Remote Virtual Disk Mirroring, Virtual Disk Copy, host-to-virtual disk
mapping, and persistent reservations) are removed as part of the import operation.
NOTE: The show diskGroup importDependencies command must be run before the
start diskGroup import command.
Start Virtual Disk Initialization
This command starts the formatting of a virtual disk in a storage array.
NOTE: Initializing a virtual disk is a long-running operation that you cannot stop.
Syntax
start virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] initialize
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk
Name of the virtual disk for which to start the formatting. You
must put brackets ([ ]) around the virtual disk name. If the
virtual disk name has special characters, you must also put
quotation marks (" ") around the virtual disk name.
228
Script Commands
Stop Disk Group Blink
This command turns off the indicator LED on the physical disk that were
turned on by the start diskGroup blink command.
Syntax
stop diskGroup blink
Parameters
None.
Stop Enclosure Blink
This command turns off the indicator LED on the enclosure that were turned
on by the start enclosure blink command.
Syntax
stop enclosure blink
Parameters
None.
Stop iSCSI Session
This command forces the termination of an iSCSI session
Syntax
stop storageArray iscsiSession [integer]
Parameter
Parameter
Description
integer
The identifier number of the iSCSI session. Enclose the identifier
number of the iSCSI session in square brackets ([ ]).
Stop Physical Disk Blink
This command turns off the indicator LED on the physical disk that were
turned on by the start physicalDisk blink command.
Script Commands
229
Syntax
stop physicalDisk blink
Parameters
None.
Stop Physical Disk Channel Fault Isolation Diagnostics
This command stops the physical disk channel fault isolation diagnostics,
which stops the start physicalDiskChannel fault isolation diagnostics
command before it completes. See the "Start Physical Disk Channel Fault
Isolation Diagnostics" on page 224.
Syntax
stop physicalDiskChannel faultDiagnostics
Parameters
None.
Stop Snapshot
This command stops a copy-on-write operation.
Syntax
stop snapshot (virtualDisk [virtualDiskName] |
virtualDisks [virtualDiskName1 ...
virtualDiskNamen]
Parameters
Parameter
Description
virtualDisk or virtualDisks Name of the specific virtual disk for which to stop a copyon-write operation. You can enter more than one virtual
disk name. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the virtual
disk names. If the virtual disk names have special
characters, you must also put quotation marks (" ")
around the virtual disk names.
230
Script Commands
Stop Storage Array Blink
This command turns off the indicator LED on the storage array that were
turned on by the start storageArray blink command.
Syntax
stop storageArray blink
Parameters
None.
Example
-c "stop storageArray iscsiSession [5];"
Stop Storage Array Physical Disk Firmware Download
This command stops a firmware download to the physical disks in a storage
array that was started with the download storageArray physicalDiskFirmware
command. This command does not stop a firmware download that is already
in progress to a physical disk; however, this command stops all firmware
downloads to physical disks that are waiting for the download.
Syntax
stop storageArray physicalDiskFirmwareDownload
Parameters
None.
Stop Virtual Disk Copy
This command stops a virtual disk copy operation.
Syntax
stop virtualDiskCopy target [targetName] [source
[sourceName]]
Script Commands
231
Parameters
Parameter
Description
target
Name of the target virtual disk for which to stop a virtual disk copy
operation. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the target virtual disk
name. If the target virtual disk name has special characters, you must
also put quotation marks (" ") around the target virtual disk name.
source
Name of the source virtual disk for which to stop a virtual disk copy
operation. You must put brackets ([ ]) around the source virtual disk
name. If the source virtual disk name has special characters, you
must also put quotation marks (" ") around the source virtual disk
name.
232
Script Commands
Sample Script Files
This appendix provides sample scripts for configuring a storage array. These
examples show how the script commands appear in a complete script file. You
can copy these scripts and modify them to create a configuration unique to
your storage array.
Create a script file in two ways:
•
Use the save storageArray configuration command
•
Write a script
By using the save storageArray configuration command, you can create a file
to use to copy an existing configuration from one storage array to other
storage arrays. You can also use this file to restore an existing configuration
that has become corrupted. You can also copy an existing file to serve as a
pattern from which you create a new script file by modifying portions of the
original file. The default file extension is .scr.
Create a new script file using a text editor, such as Microsoft® Notepad. The
maximum line length is 256 characters. The command syntax must conform
to the guidelines in "Usage Guidelines" on page 40 and the rules in
"Command Formatting Rules" on page 106. When creating a new script file,
use any file name and extension that will run on the host operating system.
To run a script file from the command line, enter the following text:
client>smcli 123.45.67.89 -f scriptfile.scr;
Configuration Script Example 1
This example creates a new virtual disk using the create virtualDisk
command in the free space of a disk group.
Show "Create RAID 5 Virtual Disk 7 on existing
Disk Group 1";
//Create virtual disk on a disk group created by
the create virtual disk command
Sample Script Files
233
//Note: For disk groups that use all available
capacity, the last virtual disk on the disk group
is created using all remaining capacity by
omitting the capacity=virtualDiskCapacity
parameter
create virtualDisk diskGroup=1 raidLevel=5
userLabel="7" owner=0 segmentSize=16 capacity=2GB;
show "Setting additional attributes for
virtualDisk 7";
//Configuration settings that cannot be set during
virtualDisk creation
set virtualDisk["7"] mediaScanEnabled=false;
set virtualDisk["7"] consistencyCheckEnabled=
false;
set virtualDisk["7"] modificationPriority=high;
This example shows blank lines between the lines beginning with Show,
Create, //Note, and create. The blank lines are included in this example only
for clarity. Each command is actually written on one line in the script file;
however, the size of this page causes the command text to wrap. You might
want to include blank lines in your script files to separate blocks of commands
or make a comment more outstanding. You can do this by entering two
forward slashes (//), which causes the script engine to treat the line as a
comment.
The first line of text is the show string command. This command displays
text bounded by quotation marks (" ") on a monitor screen when the script
file runs. In this example, the text Create RAID 5 Virtual Disk 7 on existing
Disk Group 1 serves as a title describing the expected results of running this
script file.
The line beginning //Create is a comment explaining that the purpose of this
script file is to create a new virtual disk by using the create virtualDisk
command on an existing disk group.
The line beginning //Note: is a comment in the script file explaining that the
size of the last virtual disk created uses all of the available capacity because
the capacity parameter is not used.
234
Sample Script Files
The command in this example creates a new virtual disk in disk group 1. The
virtual disk has a redundant array of independent disks (RAID) level of 5. The
virtual disk name (user label) is 7. (Note the quotation marks around the 7.
The quotation marks indicate that the information in the marks is a label.)
The new virtual disk is assigned to the RAID controller module in slot 0 in the
RAID enclosure. The segment size is set to 16.
The following syntax is the general form of the command:
create virtualDisk diskGroup=diskGroupNumber
userLabel="virtualDiskName" [freeCapacityArea=
freeCapacityIndexNumber] [capacity=
virtualDiskCapacity | owner=(0 | 1) | segmentSize=
segmentSizeValue]
[enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
The general form of the command shows the optional parameters in a
different sequence than the optional parameters in the example. You can
enter optional parameters in any sequence. You must enter the required
parameters in the sequence shown in the command descriptions.
The line show "Setting additional attributes for virtual disk 7" is another
example of using the show string command. This command is placed here to
tell you that the create virtualDisk command ran successfully. In addition,
properties that could not be set by the create virtualDisk command are
now set.
The set virtualDisk command parameters are shown on separate lines. You do
not need to use separate lines for each parameter. You can enter more than
one parameter with the set virtualDisk command by leaving a space between
the parameters.
By using separate lines, however, you can more clearly see what parameters
you are setting and the values to which you are setting the parameters.
Blocking the parameters in this manner makes it easier to edit the file or copy
specific parameter settings for use in another script file.
Sample Script Files
235
Configuration Script Example 2
This example creates a new virtual disk using the create virtualDisk
command with user-defined physical disks in the storage array.
Show "Create RAID 5 Virtual Disk 2 on existing
Disk Group 2";
//This command creates the disk group and the
initial virtual disk on that group.
//Note: For disk groups that use all available
capacity, the last virtual disk on the group is
created using all remaining capacity by omitting
the capacity=virtualDisk creation parameter
create virtualDisk raidLevel=5 userLabel="2"
physicalDisks=[0,1 0,6 1,7 1,3 2,3 2,6] owner=1
segmentSize=16 capacity=2GB;
show "Setting additional attributes for virtual
disk 7";
//Configuration settings that cannot be set during
virtual disk creation
set virtualDisk["7"] mediaScanEnabled=false;
set virtualDisk["7"] consistencyCheckEnabled=
false;
set virtualDisk["7"] modificationPriority=high;
The command in this example, like the create virtualDisk command in the
previous example, creates a new virtual disk. The significant difference
between these two examples is that this example shows how you can define
specific physical disks to include in the virtual disk. To find out what physical
disks are available in a storage array, run the show storageArray profile
command.
236
Sample Script Files
The following syntax is the general form of the create virtualDisk command
shown in the previous example:
create virtualDisk raidLevel=(0 | 1 | 5 | 6)
userLabel="virtualDiskName" physicalDisks=
(enclosureID0,slotID0... enclosureIDn,slotIDn)
[capacity=virtualDiskCapacity | owner=(0 | 1) |
segmentSize=segmentSizeValue]
[enclosureLossProtect=(TRUE | FALSE)]
Sample Script Files
237
238
Sample Script Files
Index
A
activate storage array
firmware, 114
adding comments to a script, 41
assigning global hot spares, 59
autoconfigure storage array, 115
autoconfigure storage array hot
spares, 116
CLI
commands, 16
usage examples, 27
clocks, RAID controller module,
synchronizing, 95
collecting physical disk data, 98
command formatting rules, 106
command line interface, how to
use, 14
command line parameters, 18
C
changing
RAID controller module
ownership, 101
RAID level, 97
segment size, 97
Snapshot Virtual Disk settings, 73
Virtual Disk Copy settings, 83
check virtual disk
consistency, 117
clear
physical disk channel
statistics, 118
storage array configuration, 118
storage array event log, 119
storage array firmware
pending, 119
virtual disk reservations, 120
commands
listed alphabetically, 114
listed by function, 108
commands listed by
function, 108
comments, adding, 41
configuration
script example 1, 233
script example 2, 236
configure
autoconfigure storage array, 115
autoconfigure storage array hot
spares, 116
changing RAID levels, 97
changing segment size, 97
create RAID virtual disk,
automatic physical disk
select, 126
Index
239
configure (continued)
create RAID virtual disk, free
capacity base select, 128
create RAID virtual disk, manual
physical disk select, 130
storage array, 44
storage partitioning, 88
copying
virtual disk, 81
create
disk group, 120
host, 122
host group, 123
host port, 124
iSCSI initiator, 125
Snapshot Virtual Disk, 63-72
Snapshot virtual disk, 133
virtual disk, 48-52
Virtual Disk Copy, 78, 137
create RAID virtual disk
automatic physical disk
select, 126
free capacity base select, 128
manual physical disk select, 130
creating
snapshot virtual disk, 66
Virtual Disk Copy, 79
D
defragmenting a disk group, 98
delete
disk group, 139
host, 140
240
Index
delete (continued)
host group, 140
host port, 141
iSCSI initiator, 141
Snapshot Virtual Disk, 74-75
virtual disk, 142
detailed error reporting, 24
determining
Virtual Disk Copy candidates, 79
what is on your storage array, 44
diagnosing RAID controller
module, 99, 143
disable storage array feature, 146
disk group
commands, 108
create disk group, 120
defragmenting, 98, 223
delete disk group, 139
reviving, 163
show, 204
stop blink, 229
download
enclosure management module
firmware, 146
physical disk firmware, 147
storage array firmware
NVSRAM, 148
storage array NVSRAM, 149
storage array physical disk
firmware, 150
E
enable
RAID controller module, 151
storage array feature key, 151
Virtual Disk Copy, 64, 79
enclosure
commands, 109
enclosure loss protection, 52
enclosure management module
firmware
download, 146
host port
create host port, 124
delete host port, 141
set, 179
show host ports, 205
hot spare
assigning global hot spares, 59
set physical disk hot spare, 182
how to use the command line
interface, 14
exit status, 25
I
F
initializing
physical disk, 101
virtual disk, 102
foreign physical disk
set to native, 176
interaction with other
features, 88
formatting considerations, 24
ISCSI
recurring syntax values, 39
H
host
create host, 122
delete host, 140
set host, 176
show storage array host
topology, 214
topology commands, 109
host group
create host group, 123
delete host group, 140
set host group, 178
iSCSI
commands, 109
iSCSI initiator
create iSCSI initiator, 125
delete iSCSi initiator, 141
L
locating physical disks, 95
Index
241
M
media scan, running, 91
modifying configuration, 55
monitoring performance, 96
P
partitioning, storage, 88
performance tuning, 95
persistent reservations,
removing, 94
physical disk
commands, 110
download firmware, 147
initializing, 101
locating, 95
reconstructing, 102
reviving, 163
set commands, 182-183
set state, 183
show commands, 205-208
start, 226-227
stop blink, 229
RAID controller module
(continued)
enabling RAID controller module
data, 94
reset, 94, 160
saving NVSRAM values, 165
set, 183
setting operational mode, 100
show, 208
RAID level, changing, 97
RAID virtual disk
recover, 153
reconstructing a physical
disk, 102
recopy
virtual disk, 86, 152
recopying virtual disk, 84
recover
RAID Virtual Disk, 153
RAID virtual disk, 153
recovery operations, 100
re-creating
snapshot virtual disk, 76
recurring syntax elements, 34
redistributing virtual disk, 103
R
redundancy check, running, 93
RAID controller module
changing ownership, 101
clocks, synchronizing, 95
commands, 111
diagnosing, 99, 143
enable RAID controller
module, 151
242
Index
remove
copy pairs, 87
persistent reservations, 94
virtual disk copy, 158
virtual disk LUN mapping, 159
repair virtual disk
consistency, 160
reset
RAID controller module, 160
storage array battery install
date, 161
storage array virtual disk
distribution, 162
reset a RAID controller
module, 94
reset storage array iSCSI
baseline, 162
reset storage array SAS PHY
baseline, 162
save (continued)
storage array SAS PHY
Counts, 169
storage array state capture, 170
storage array support data, 170
save storage array iSCSI
statistics, 168
saving
RAID controller module
NVSRAM values, 165
script command
structure, 30
synopsis, 32
usage guidelines, 40
restarting a Snapshot Virtual
Disk, 74-75
segment size, changing, 97
revive
disk group, 163
physical disk, 163
Set, 170
routine maintenance, 91
running
media scan, 91
redundancy check, 93
S
save
configuration to a file, 47
enclosure log data, 164
storage array, 166-170
storage array events, 167
storage array performance
statistics, 169
session command, 111
set
enclosure id, 175
foreign physical disk to
native, 176
host group, 178
physical disk channel status, 182
physical disk hot spare, 182
physical disk state, 183
RAID controller module, 183
session, 188
Snapshot Virtual Disk, 189
storage array, 191
storage array enclosure
positions, 192
virtual disk, 198
Virtual Disk Copy, 203
set controller, 170
Index
243
set disk group, 173
set enclosure attribute, 174
set host, 176
set host port, 179
set iSCSI initiator, 179
set iSCSI target properties, 180
set storage array ICMP
response, 193
set storage array iSNS server IPv4
address, 194-195
set storage array iSNS server IPv6
address, 195
set storage array iSNS server
listening port, 195
set storage array iSNS server
refresh, 196
set storage array learn cycle, 197
set storage array time, 197
set unnamed discovery
session, 198
setting
controller clocks, 57
modification priority, 58
RAID controller module
operational mode, 100
storage array host type, 57
storage array password, 56
show
disk group, 204
host ports, 205
physical disk, 205
244
Index
show (continued)
physical disk channel
statistics, 207
physical disk download
progress, 208
RAID controller module, 208
RAID controller module
NVSRAM, 209
storage array autoconfigure, 212
storage array command, 210
storage array host topology, 214
storage array LUN mappings, 214
storage array unreadable
sectors, 215
string, 216
string command, 111
unconfigured iSCSI
initiators, 216
virtual disk, 217
virtual disk action progress, 218
Virtual Disk Copy, 219
Virtual Disk Copy source
candidates, 220
Virtual Disk Copy target
candidates, 220
virtual disk reservations, 222
show current iSCSI sessions, 203
show disk group import
dependencies, 220
show storage array negotiation
defaults, 214
show unconfigured iSCSI
initiators, 216
show virtual disk performance
statistics, 221
SMcli commands, 16
snapshot
commands, 111
names, 72
virtual disks, 89
Snapshot Virtual Disk
creating, 64-72
deleting, 76
enabling, 64
restarting, 75
stopping, 74-75
snapshot virtual disk
creating, 66
re-creating, 76
start
disk group blink, 223
disk group defragment, 223
enclosure blink, 223
physical disk blink, 226
physical disk initialize, 226
physical disk reconstruction, 227
storage array blink, 227
virtual disk initialization, 228
start disk group import, 227
Start Disk Group
Import/Export, 227
start iSCSI DHCP refresh, 224
start physical disk channel fault
isolation diagnostics, 224
stop
disk group blink, 229
enclosure blink, 229
physical disk blink, 229
stop (continued)
Snapshot, 230
Snapshot Virtual Disk, 74-75
storage array blink, 231
storage array physical disk
firmware download, 231
Virtual Disk Copy, 87, 231
stop iSCSI session, 229
stop physical disk channel fault
isolation diagnostics, 230
storage array
accept pending topology, 114
commands, 111
download commands, 148-151
save commands, 166-170
set commands, 191-198
show commands, 210-216
show host topology, 214
show LUN mappings, 214
show pending topology, 215
show unreadable sectors, 215
start blink, 227
stop blink, 231
storage array feature
disable, 146
storage partitioning, 88
support.dell.com, 13
synchronizing RAID controller
module clocks, 95
syntax element statement
data, 185
syntax elements
ISCSI values, 39
Index
245
T
troubleshooting storage array, 98
U
user-defined parameters, 70
V
virtual disk
check consistency, 117
commands, 113
copying, 81
creating in an existing disk
group, 51
creating with software-assigned
physical disks, 50
creating with user-assigned
physical disks, 48
initializing, 102
246
Index
virtual disk (continued)
recopy, 86
recopy virtual disk, 152
recopying, 84
redistributing, 103
repair consistency, 160
set, 198
show commands, 217-222
Virtual Disk Copy
command, 113
show, 219
stop, 231
viewing properties, 82
virtual disk copy
remove, 158