Dell Inspiron 1520 PP22L Owner`s manual

Dell™ Inspiron™ 1520 Owner’s Manual
Model PP22L
w w w. d e l l . c o m | s u p p o r t . d e l l . c o m
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury,
or death.
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2007 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, Inspiron, Wi-Fi Catcher, and Dell MediaDirect are
trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel is a registered trademark and Core is a trademark of Intel Corporation;
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows Vista are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the United States and/or other countries; Blu-ray Disc is a trademark of the Blu-ray
Disc Association; Bluetooth is a registered trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and is used by
Dell under license.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming
the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and
trade names other than its own.
Model PP22L
October 2007
P/N UX862
Rev. A03
Contents
Finding Information
1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Your Computer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Your Computer’s Configuration
Front View
21
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
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Right Side View
27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Bottom View
2
21
. . . . . .
Left Side View
Back View
15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Your Computer .
Connecting to the Internet
. . . . . . . . . . .
35
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Setting Up Your Internet Connection .
. . . . . . .
Transferring Information to a New Computer
36
. . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
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37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
Windows Easy Transfer
Setting Up a Printer
Printer Cable
32
Connecting a USB Printer
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
38
3
Power Protection Devices
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Surge Protectors
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Line Conditioners
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
Uninterruptible Power Supplies
3
. . . . . . . . . .
40
Using the Display
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
Adjusting Brightness
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
Using a Projector
Making Images and Text Look Bigger or Sharper
. . .
41
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Windows Vista® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Microsoft® Windows® XP
Using Both a Monitor and Your Computer Display
. . .
43
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Microsoft Windows XP .
Windows Vista
Setting Display Resolution and Refresh Rate .
. . . . .
44
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45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Microsoft Windows XP .
Windows Vista
4
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
Numeric Keypad
. . . . .
47
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
Key Combinations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Functions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
®
®
Microsoft Windows Logo Key Functions . . . .
48
Dell™ QuickSet Key Combinations
. . . . . . . . .
49
. . . . . . . . . . . .
49
Power Management
Adjusting Keyboard Settings
4
Contents
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Functions .
Battery
48
49
Touch Pad
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Using a Battery
51
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
Battery Performance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Battery Charge
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dell QuickSet Battery Meter
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft® Windows® Battery Meter .
Charge Gauge
53
54
54
. . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
Low-Battery Warning
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
Conserving Battery Power
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
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56
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
Power Management Modes
Standby and Sleep Mode
Hibernate Mode
Configuring Power Management Settings
. . . . . . .
58
Accessing Power Options Properties
. . . . . . .
58
Charging the Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
Replacing the Battery
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Storing a Battery
6
50
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing the Touch Pad
Using Multimedia
Playing Media
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
Playing Media Using Dell Travel Remote
(Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
Contents
63
5
Copying CD, DVD, and Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) Media
How to Copy a CD, DVD, or BD
. . .
64
. . . . . . . . . . .
64
. . . . . . .
65
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
Using Blank CD, DVD, and BD Media
Helpful Tips
Adjusting the Volume
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
67
Adjusting the Picture
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
Using Dell MediaDirect™
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting Your Computer to a TV or
Audio Device . . . . . . . . . . . .
S-Video and Standard Audio
. . . . . . . . . .
69
. . . . . . . . . . . .
71
S-Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
. . . . . . . . .
Composite Video and Standard Audio
. . . . . . .
Component Video and Standard Audio
. . . . . .
79
. . . .
81
. . . . . . .
84
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
Enabling the Display Settings for a TV
Using ExpressCards
Installing an ExpressCard
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing an ExpressCard or Blank .
8
89
91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Memory Card or Blank
Contents
88
. . . . . . .
Installing a Memory Card
6
. . . . . . . . . .
Using the Memory Card Reader
Memory Card Blanks
75
77
Component Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
ExpressCard Blanks
73
. . . .
Composite Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
7
68
. . . . . . . . . . .
91
92
9
Setting Up and Using Networks
. . . . . . .
93
. . . . . . . . .
93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
Connecting a Network or Broadband
Modem Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up a Network
Windows XP
Windows Vista
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless Local Area Network
What You Need to Establish a WLAN
Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Your Wireless Network Card
. . . . . . .
94
. . . . . .
95
Setting Up a New WLAN Using a
Wireless Router and a Broadband Modem
Connecting to a WLAN .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .
96
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
Mobile Broadband (or Wireless Wide
Area Network) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
. . . . . . . . .
What You Need to Establish a Mobile
Broadband Network Connection . .
100
. . . . . . .
. . .
100
Connecting to a Mobile Broadband
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
101
Enabling/Disabling the Dell Mobile
Broadband Card . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
102
. . . . . . . . .
102
Checking Your Dell Mobile Broadband Card .
Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator
10 Securing Your Computer
Security Cable Lock
Passwords .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
103
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
If Your Computer Is Lost or Stolen
. . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
105
7
11 Troubleshooting .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dell Technical Update Service
Dell Diagnostics
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
107
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
107
Dell Support Center
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
Dell Support 3 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
Dell PC Tune-Up
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
Dell PC CheckUp
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
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113
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114
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
114
Dell Network Assistant
DellConnect .
Drive Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
115
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
Optical drive problems
Hard drive problems
E-Mail, Modem, and Internet Problems .
Error Messages
. . . . . . . .
117
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119
ExpressCard Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Problems
124
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
External Keyboard problems
Unexpected characters
. . . . . . . . . . . .
125
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
126
Lockups and Software Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . .
127
The computer does not start
. . . . . . . . . . . .
127
The computer stops responding
. . . . . . . . . .
127
A program stops responding or
crashes repeatedly . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
127
A program is designed for an earlier
Microsoft® Windows® operating system
A solid blue screen appears
Contents
124
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IEEE 1394 Device Problems
8
107
. . . . .
127
. . . . . . . . . . . .
128
Dell MediaDirect problems
. . . . . . . . . . . .
128
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
129
Memory Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
130
Network Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
Other software problems
Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area
Network [WWAN]) . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
131
Power Problems .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132
Printer Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
133
Scanner Problems .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sound and Speaker Problems
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
No sound from integrated speakers
135
136
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
136
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
Touch Pad or Mouse Problems
If the display is difficult to read
. . . . . . . . . .
138
. . . . . . .
139
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
If only part of the display is readable
Drivers
135
. . . . . . . . .
No sound from headphones
If the display is blank .
135
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
No sound from external speakers
Video and Display Problems
134
What Is a Driver? .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
Identifying Drivers
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities
. . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Software and Hardware
Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and
Microsoft Windows Vista® Operating Systems
Restoring Your Operating System
140
. . . .
143
. . . . . . . . . . . .
144
Using Microsoft Windows System Restore
. . . .
Contents
145
9
Starting System Restore
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Dell™ PC Restore and Dell Factory
Image Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Operating System Media
12 Adding and Replacing Parts
Before You Begin
. . . . .
147
. . . . . . . .
150
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Tools
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning Off Your Computer
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
153
154
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
156
Removing the Hard Drive .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
157
Replacing the Hard Drive .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
158
Optical Drive .
. . . . . . . . . . .
158
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
159
Removing the Optical Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . .
159
Replacing the Optical Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . .
160
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
Hinge Cover
Removing the Hinge Cover
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
Replacing the Hinge Cover
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
Keyboard
Removing the Keyboard
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
162
Replacing the Keyboard
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
163
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
163
Memory
Removing the DIMM A Memory Module .
Contents
153
154
Returning a Hard Drive to Dell
10
153
. . . . . . .
Before Working Inside Your Computer
Hard Drive
145
. . . . .
163
Replacing the DIMM A Memory Module
. . . . .
165
Removing the DIMM B Memory Module .
. . . . .
166
Replacing the DIMM B Memory Module
. . . . .
167
Subscriber Identity Module
Wireless Mini Cards
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
169
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
Removing a WLAN Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
Replacing a WLAN Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
172
Removing a Mobile Broadband or
WWAN Card . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
173
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
Removing a WPAN Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
177
Replacing a WPAN Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
178
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
178
Replacing a WWAN Card
Flash Cache Module
Removing the FCM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
178
Replacing the FCM
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
Internal Card With Bluetooth® Wireless
Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
180
Removing the Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
180
Replacing the Card
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
181
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
181
Coin-Cell Battery
Removing the Coin-Cell Battery
. . . . . . . . . .
181
Replacing the Coin-Cell Battery
. . . . . . . . . .
182
13 Dell™ QuickSet Features
. . . . . . . . . . .
14 Traveling With Your Computer
Identifying Your Computer
185
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
186
Packing the Computer .
Travel Tips
. . . . . . .
183
Traveling by Air .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
186
11
15 Getting Help .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obtaining Assistance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
188
188
Online Services .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AutoTech Service .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
189
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
189
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
. . . . .
190
Before You Call
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
190
Contacting Dell
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
192
16 Specifications
A Appendix
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
193
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
203
Using the System Setup Program
. . . . . . . . . . . .
System Setup Screen .
. . . . . . . . .
204
204
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
204
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
Commonly Used Options
Cleaning Your Computer .
203
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the System Setup Screen
Computer, Keyboard, and Display
. . . . . . . . .
206
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
207
Mouse
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
207
Media
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
208
Touch Pad
Contents
189
189
Problems With Your Order .
Product Information
188
. . . . . . . . .
Automated Order-Status Service
12
187
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Support and Customer Service
DellConnect .
187
Dell Technical Support Policy (U.S. Only)
208
. . . . . . .
Definition of "Dell-Installed" Software and Peripherals 209
Definition of "Third-Party" Software and Peripherals 209
FCC Notice (U.S. Only) .
FCC Class B .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
209
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
209
Macrovision Product Notice
210
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Index
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
229
Contents
13
14
Contents
Finding Information
NOTE: Some features may be optional and may not ship with your computer. Some
features may not be available in certain countries.
NOTE: Additional information may ship with your computer.
What Are You Looking For?
Find It Here
• A diagnostic program for my computer Drivers and Utilities Media
• Drivers for my computer
• Device documentation
• Notebook System Software (NSS)
Documentation and drivers are already
installed on your computer. You can use
the Drivers and Utilities media to
reinstall drivers (see "Reinstalling Drivers
and Utilities" on page 140) or run the
Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics"
on page 107).
Readme files may be included on your
Drivers and Utilities media to provide
last-minute updates about technical
changes to your computer or advanced
technical-reference material for
technicians or experienced users.
NOTE: Drivers and documentation updates
can be found at support.dell.com.
Finding Information
15
What Are You Looking For?
• Warranty information
Find It Here
Dell™ Product Information Guide
• Terms and Conditions (U.S. only)
• Safety instructions
• Regulatory information
• Ergonomics information
• End User License Agreement
• How to set up my computer
Setup Diagram
NOTE: See the setup diagram that came
with your computer.
• How to remove and replace parts
• Specifications
• How to configure system settings
• How to troubleshoot and solve
problems
• Service Tag and Express Service Code
•
Microsoft®
Windows®
Product Key
Microsoft Windows XP and Windows
Vista® Help and Support Center
1 Click Start→Help and Support→
Dell User and System Guides→
System Guides.
2 Click the User’s Guide for your computer.
Service Tag and Microsoft Windows
Product Key
These labels are located on your computer.
• Use the Service Tag to identify your
computer when you use
support.dell.com or contact support.
NOTE: If your operating system is
Windows XP, this label might look different.
• Enter the Express Service Code to direct
your call when contacting support.
NOTE: As an increased security measure,
the newly designed Microsoft Windows
license label incorporates a "security
portal," which looks like a missing portion of
the label, to discourage removal of the label.
16
Finding Information
What Are You Looking For?
Find It Here
• Solutions — Troubleshooting hints and Dell Support Website — support.dell.com
tips, articles from technicians, online
NOTE: Select your region or business
courses, and frequently asked questions segment to view the appropriate support site.
• Community — Online discussion with
other Dell customers
• Upgrades — Upgrade information for
components, such as the memory, hard
drive, and operating system
• Customer Care — Contact information,
service call and order status, and warranty
and repair information
• Service and support — Service call
status, support history, service contract,
and online discussions with support
• Dell Technical Update Service —
Proactive e-mail notification of software
and hardware updates for your computer
• Reference — Computer
documentation, details on my
computer configuration, product
specifications, and white papers
• Downloads — Certified drivers,
patches, and software updates
• Notebook System Software (NSS) — If To download Notebook System Software:
you reinstall the operating system on
1 Go to support.dell.com, select your
your computer, you should also reinstall
country/region, and then click
the NSS utility. NSS automatically
Drivers & Downloads.
detects your computer and operating
2 Enter your Service Tag or product model,
system, and installs the updates
and then click Go.
appropriate for your configuration,
3 Select your operating system and
providing critical updates for your
language, and then click Find
operating system and support for
Downloads, or under Downloads Search,
®
Dell 3.5-inch USB floppy drives, Intel
search for the keyword Notebook System
processors, optical drives, and USB
Software.
devices. NSS is necessary for correct
NOTE:
The support.dell.com user
operation of your Dell computer.
interface may vary depending on your
selections.
Finding Information
17
What Are You Looking For?
Find It Here
• Software upgrades and troubleshooting
hints — Frequently asked questions,
hot topics, and general health of your
computing environment
Dell Support Utility
• How to use Windows XP or
Windows Vista
Microsoft Windows XP and Windows
Vista Help and Support Center
1 Click Start→Help and Support.
2 Type a word or phrase that describes
your problem and click the arrow icon.
3 Click the topic that describes your
problem.
4 Follow the instructions on the screen.
• How to work with programs and files
• How to personalize my desktop
• Information on network activity, the
Power Management Wizard, hotkeys,
and other items controlled by Dell
QuickSet
The Dell Support Utility is an automated
upgrade and notification system installed
on your computer. This support provides
real-time health scans of your computing
environment, software updates, and
relevant self-support information. Access
the Dell Support Utility from the
icon on the taskbar. For more information,
see "Dell Support Center" on page 111.
Dell QuickSet Help
To view Dell QuickSet Help, right-click
the Dell QuickSet icon in the Windows
notification area.
For more information on Dell QuickSet,
see "Dell™ QuickSet Features" on
page 183.
18
Finding Information
What Are You Looking For?
• How to reinstall my operating system
Find It Here
Operating System Media
The operating system is already installed
on your computer. To reinstall your
operating system, use one of the
following methods:
• Microsoft Windows System Restore —
Microsoft Windows System Restore
returns your computer to an earlier
operating state without affecting data
files.
• Dell PC Restore — Dell PC Restore
returns your computer to its original
operating state. Dell PC Restore may
not ship with your computer.
• Operating System Installation Media —
If you received operating system media
with your computer, you can use it to
restore your operating system.
For more information, see "Restoring
Your Operating System" on page 144.
After you reinstall your operating system,
use the Drivers and Utilities media to
reinstall drivers for the devices that came
with your computer.
Your operating system product key label is
located on your computer.
NOTE: The color of your operating system
installation media varies according to the
operating system you ordered.
Finding Information
19
20
Finding Information
About Your Computer
Determining Your Computer’s Configuration
Based on selections that you made when purchasing your computer, your
computer has one of several different video controller configurations. To
determine your computer’s video controller configuration:
1 Click Start
, and then click Help and Support.
2 Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your computer information
and diagnose problems.
3 Under My Computer Information, select Hardware.
From the My Computer Information - Hardware screen, you can view the
type of video controller installed in your computer, as well as the other
hardware components.
About Your Computer
21
Front View
1
2
4
3
14
5
13
12
6
7
11
22
10
8
9
1
camera indicator (optional)
2
camera (optional)
3
display latch
4
display
5
power button
6
keyboard
7
device status lights
8
touch pad
9
consumer IR
10
media control buttons
11
touch pad buttons
12
Dell MediaDirect™ button
13
keyboard status lights
14
digital array microphones
About Your Computer
CAMERA INDICATOR
— Indicates that the camera is on. Based on configuration
selections you made when ordering your computer, your computer may not include a
camera.
CAMERA
— Built-in camera for video capture, conferencing, and chat. Based on
configuration selections you made when ordering your computer, your computer may
not include a camera.
DISPLAY LATCH
DISPLAY
— Keeps the display closed.
— For more information about your display, see "Using the Display" on
page 41.
POWER BUTTON
— Press the power button to turn on the computer or exit a power
management mode (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56).
NOTICE: To avoid losing data, turn off your computer by performing a Microsoft®
Windows® operating system shutdown rather than by pressing the power button.
If the computer stops responding, press and hold the power button until the
computer turns off completely (may take several seconds).
KEYBOARD
— For more information about the keyboard, see "Using the Keyboard
and Touchpad" on page 47.
About Your Computer
23
DEVICE STATUS LIGHTS
The blue lights located to the right of the keyboard indicate the following:
Power light – Turns on when you turn on the computer, and blinks when
the computer is in a power management mode.
Hard drive activity light – Turns on when the computer reads or writes
data.
NOTICE: To avoid loss of data, never turn off the computer while the
light is flashing.
Battery status light – Turns on steadily or blinks to indicate battery charge
status.
WiFi status light – Turns on when wireless networking is enabled. To
enable or disable wireless networking, use the wireless switch (see "wireless
switch" on page 27).
24
About Your Computer
Bluetooth® status light – Turns on when a card with Bluetooth wireless
technology is enabled.
NOTE: The card with Bluetooth wireless technology is an optional feature.
The
light turns on only if you ordered the card with your computer. For
more information, see the documentation that came with your card.
To turn off only the Bluetooth wireless technology functionality, right-click the
icon in the notification area, and then click Disable Bluetooth Radio.
To quickly enable or disable all wireless devices, use the wireless switch
(see "wireless switch" on page 27).
If the computer is connected to an electrical outlet, the
– Solid blue: The battery is charging.
– Flashing blue: The battery is almost fully charged.
– Off: The battery is adequately charged.
light operates as follows:
If the computer is running on a battery, the
light operates as follows:
– Off: The battery is adequately charged (or the computer is turned off).
– Flashing amber: The battery charge is low.
– Solid amber: The battery charge is critically low.
TOUCH PAD
— Provides the functionality of a mouse (see "Touch Pad" on page 50).
TOUCH PAD BUTTONS
— Use these buttons much like the buttons on a mouse when
you use the touch pad to move the cursor on the display (see "Touch Pad" on page 50).
MEDIA CONTROL BUTTONS
— Control CD, DVD, Blu-ray Disc™ (BD), and Media
Player playback.
Mute the sound.
Play the previous track.
Turn the volume down.
Play the next track.
Turn the volume up.
Stop.
Play or pause.
About Your Computer
25
D E L L M E D I A D I R E C T ™ B U T T O N — Press the Dell MediaDirect button to launch
Dell MediaDirect (see "Using Dell MediaDirect™" on page 68).
KEYBOARD STATUS LIGHTS
The blue lights located above the keyboard indicate the following:
9
Turns on when the numeric keypad is enabled.
A
Turns on when the uppercase letter (caps lock) function is enabled.
Turns on when the scroll lock function is enabled.
DIGITAL ARRAY MICROPHONES
26
About Your Computer
— Built-in microphone for conferencing and chat.
Left Side View
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
security cable slot
2
wireless switch
3
Wi-Fi Catcher light
4
air vents
5
audio connectors
6
ExpressCard slot
SECURITY CABLE SLOT
— Lets you attach a commercially available antitheft device
to the computer (see "Security Cable Lock" on page 103).
WIRELESS SWITCH
— When enabled through Dell QuickSet, this switch can scan for
a wireless local area network (WLAN) in your vicinity. You can also use it to rapidly
turn off or on any wireless devices such as WLAN cards and internal cards with
Bluetooth wireless technology (see "Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator" on page 102).
1
2
3
4
1
off
Disables wireless devices.
2
on
Enables wireless devices.
3
momentary
Scans for WLAN networks (see "Dell Wi-Fi
Catcher™ Network Locator" on page 102).
4
Wi-Fi Catcher light
•
•
•
•
•
Flashing green: Searching for networks
Solid green: Strong network found
Solid yellow: Weak network found
Flashing yellow: Error
Off: No signal found
About Your Computer
27
CAUTION: Do not block, push objects into, or allow dust to accumulate in the air
vents. Do not store your computer in a low-airflow environment, such as a closed
briefcase, while it is running. Restricting the airflow can damage the computer or
cause a fire.
AIR VENTS
— The computer uses an internal fan to create airflow through the vents,
which prevents the computer from overheating. The computer turns the fan on when
the computer gets hot. Fan noise is normal and does not indicate a problem with the
fan or the computer.
AUDIO CONNECTORS
Attach headphones to the
Attach a microphone to the
connector.
connector.
E X P R E S S C A R D S L O T — Supports one ExpressCard. The computer ships with a
plastic blank installed in the slot. For more information, see "Using ExpressCards" on
page 87.
28
About Your Computer
Right Side View
1
4
5
6
7
2
8
3
9
10
1
battery status light
2
hard drive activity light
3
power light
4
optical drive
5
eject button
6
8-in-1 memory card reader
7
IEEE 1394 connector
8
video connector (VGA)
9
network connector (RJ-45)
10
USB connectors (2)
OPTICAL DRIVE
— For more information about the optical drive, see "Using
Multimedia" on page 61.
EJECT BUTTON
— Press the eject button to open the optical drive.
8- I N -1 M E M O R Y C A R D R E A D E R — Provides a fast and convenient way to view and
share digital photos, music, and videos stored on a memory card. The computer ships
with a plastic blank installed in the slot. The 8-in-1 memory card reader reads the
following digital memory cards:
• Secure Digital (SD) memory card
• SDIO card
• MultiMediaCard (MMC)
• Memory Stick
• Memory Stick PRO
• xD-Picture Card
• Hi Speed-SD
• Hi Density-SD
IEEE 1394 C O N N E C T O R — Connects devices supporting IEEE 1394 high-speed
transfer rates, such as some digital video cameras.
About Your Computer
29
VIDEO CONNECTOR
Connects video devices, such as a monitor.
NETWORK CONNECTOR
(RJ-45)
Connects the computer to a network. The two lights next
to the connector indicate status and activity for wired
network connections.
For information on using the network adapter, see the
device user’s guide supplied with your computer.
USB CONNECTORS
Connect USB devices, such as a mouse, keyboard, or
printer.
Back View
1
30
2
4
3
1
S-video TV-out connector
2
USB connectors (2)
3
AC adapter connector
4
battery
5
modem connector (RJ-11)
About Your Computer
5
S - V I D E O TV- O U T C O N N E C T O R
Connects your computer to a TV. Also connects digital
audio-capable devices using the TV/digital audio
adapter cable.
USB CONNECTORS
Connect USB devices, such as a mouse, keyboard, or
printer.
AC A D A P T E R C O N N E C T O R — Attaches an AC adapter to the computer. The AC
adapter converts AC power to the DC power required by the computer. You can
connect the AC adapter with your computer turned on or off.
CAUTION: The AC adapter works with electrical outlets worldwide. However,
power connectors and power strips vary among countries. Using an incompatible
cable or improperly connecting the cable to the power strip or electrical outlet
may cause fire or equipment damage.
NOTICE: When you disconnect the AC adapter cable from the computer, grasp the
connector, not the cable itself, and pull firmly, but gently to help prevent damage to
the cable.
About Your Computer
31
MODEM CONNECTOR
(RJ-11)
Connect the telephone line to the modem connector.
For information on using the modem, see the online
modem documentation supplied with your computer.
Bottom View
1
2
3
4
10
9
8
7
32
6
5
1 left speaker
2
memory module/coin-cell battery compartment
3 consumer IR
4
right speaker
5 wireless mini card compartment 6
battery
7 battery charge/health gauge
8
battery-bay latch releases (2)
9 fan
10 hard drive
About Your Computer
L E F T S P E A K E R — To adjust the volume of the integrated speaker, press the volume
control buttons or the mute button.
MEMORY MODULE/COIN-CELL BATTERY COMPARTMENT
— Compartment that
contains the DIMM B memory module and the coin-cell battery. For additional
information, see "Adding and Replacing Parts" on page 153.
CONSUMER
IR — Infrared sensor for the Dell Travel Remote.
RIGHT SPEAKER
— To adjust the volume of the integrated speaker, press the volume
control buttons or the mute button.
WIRELESS MINI CARD COMPARTMENT
— Compartment for WLAN, WWAN, or
WPAN Mini Cards (see "Wireless Mini Cards" on page 170).
BATTERY
— When a battery is installed, you can use the computer without
connecting the computer to an electrical outlet (see "Using a Battery" on page 53).
BATTERY CHARGE/HEALTH GAUGE
— Provides information on the battery charge (see
"Checking the Battery Charge" on page 54).
BATTERY-BAY LATCH RELEASES
— Releases the battery (see "Replacing the Battery"
on page 59 for instructions).
FAN
— The computer uses a fan to create airflow through the vents, which prevents
the computer from overheating. The computer turns the fan on when the computer
gets hot. Fan noise is normal and does not indicate a problem with the fan or the
computer.
HARD DRIVE
— Stores software and data.
About Your Computer
33
34
About Your Computer
Setting Up Your Computer
Connecting to the Internet
NOTE: ISPs and ISP offerings vary by country.
To connect to the Internet, you need a modem or network connection and an
Internet service provider (ISP). Your ISP will offer one or more of the
following Internet connection options:
•
DSL connections that provide high-speed Internet access through your
existing telephone line or cellular telephone service. With a DSL
connection, you can access the Internet and use your telephone on the
same line simultaneously.
•
Cable modem connections that provide high-speed Internet access
through your local cable TV line.
•
Satellite modem connections that provide high-speed Internet access
through a satellite television system.
•
Dial-up connections that provide Internet access through a telephone line.
Dial-up connections are considerably slower than DSL, cable, and satellite
modem connections.
•
Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN) or Mobile Broadband technology
provides a connection to the Internet using cellular technology at
broadband rates.
•
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) connections use high-frequency
radio waves to communicate. Typically, a wireless router is connected to
the broadband cable or DSL modem that broadcasts the Internet signal to
your computer.
If you are using a dial-up connection, connect a telephone line to the modem
connector on your computer and to the telephone wall jack before you set up
your Internet connection. If you are using a DSL, cable, or satellite modem
connection, contact your ISP or cellular telephone service for setup
instructions.
Setting Up Your Computer
35
Setting Up Your Internet Connection
To set up an Internet connection with a provided ISP desktop shortcut:
1 Save and close any open files, and exit any open programs.
2 Double-click the ISP icon on the Microsoft® Windows® desktop.
3 Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the setup.
NOTE: If you are having problems connecting to the Internet, see "E-Mail, Modem,
and Internet Problems" on page 117. If you cannot connect to the Internet, but have
successfully connected in the past, the ISP may have a service outage. Contact
your ISP to check the service status, or try connecting again later.
NOTE: Have your ISP information ready. If you do not have an ISP, the Connect to
the Internet wizard can help you obtain one.
If you do not have an ISP icon on your desktop or if you want to set up an
Internet connection with a different ISP:
1 Save and close any open files, and exit any open programs.
2 Click Start
, and then click Control Panel.
3 Under Network and Internet, click Connect to the Internet.
The Connect to the Internet window appears.
4 Click either Broadband (PPPoE), Wireless, or Dial-up, depending on how
you want to connect:
•
Choose Broadband if you will use a DSL modem, cable TV modem, or
satellite modem.
•
Choose Wireless if you will use a wireless connection through a
WLAN card.
•
Choose Dial-up if you will use a dial-up modem or ISDN.
NOTE: If you do not know which type of connection to select, click Help me
choose or contact your ISP.
5 Follow the instructions on the screen and use the setup information
provided by your ISP to complete the setup.
36
Setting Up Your Computer
Transferring Information to a New Computer
You can transfer the following types of data from one computer to another:
•
E-mail messages
•
Toolbar settings
•
Window sizes
•
Internet bookmarks
Use one of the following methods for transferring data:
•
Windows Easy Transfer wizard, an Easy Transfer Cable, and a USB port
•
Over a network
•
Removable media, such as a writable CD
Windows Easy Transfer
1 Click Start
→All Programs→Accessories→System Tools→Windows
Easy Transfer.
2 In the User Account Control dialog box, click Continue.
3 Click Next.
4 Click Start a new transfer or Continue a transfer in progress.
5 Follow the instructions in the Windows Easy Transfer wizard.
Setting Up a Printer
NOTICE: Complete the operating system setup before you connect a printer to the
computer.
See the documentation that came with the printer for setup information,
including how to:
•
Obtain and install updated drivers.
•
Connect the printer to the computer.
•
Load paper and install the toner or ink cartridge.
For technical assistance, refer to the printer owner's manual or contact the
printer manufacturer.
Setting Up Your Computer
37
Printer Cable
Your printer connects to your computer with a USB cable. Your printer may
not come with a printer cable, so if you purchase a cable separately, ensure
that it is compatible with your printer and computer. If you purchased a
printer cable at the same time you purchased your computer, the cable may
arrive in the computer’s shipping box.
Connecting a USB Printer
NOTE: You can connect USB devices while the computer is turned on.
1 Complete the operating system setup if you have not already done so.
2 Attach the USB printer cable to the USB connectors on the computer and
the printer. The USB connectors fit only one way.
1
2
3
38
1
USB connector on computer
3
USB printer cable
Setting Up Your Computer
2
USB connector on printer
3 Turn on the printer, and then turn on the computer.
If the Add New Hardware Wizard window appears, click Cancel.
4 Click Start
, and then click Network.
5 Click Add a printer to start the Add Printer Wizard.
NOTE: To install the printer driver, see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on
page 140 and the documentation that came with your printer.
6 Click Add a local printer or Add a network, wireless, or Bluetooth printer.
7 Follow the instructions in the Add Printer Wizard.
Power Protection Devices
Several devices are available to protect against power fluctuations and failures:
•
Surge protectors
•
Line conditioners
•
Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS)
Surge Protectors
Surge protectors and power strips equipped with surge protection help
prevent damage to your computer from voltage spikes that can occur during
electrical storms or after power interruptions. Some surge protector
manufacturers include warranty coverage for certain types of damage.
Carefully read the device warranty when choosing a surge protector. A device
with a higher joule rating offers more protection. Compare joule ratings to
determine the relative effectiveness of different devices.
NOTICE: Most surge protectors do not protect against power fluctuations or
power interruptions caused by nearby lightning strikes. When lightning occurs in
your area, disconnect the telephone line from the telephone wall jack and
disconnect your computer from the electrical outlet.
Many surge protectors have a telephone jack for modem protection. See the
surge protector documentation for modem connection instructions.
NOTICE: Not all surge protectors offer network adapter protection. Disconnect the
network cable from the network wall jack during electrical storms.
Setting Up Your Computer
39
Line Conditioners
NOTICE: Line conditioners do not protect against power interruptions.
Line conditioners are designed to maintain AC voltage at a fairly constant level.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies
NOTICE: Loss of power while data is being saved to the hard drive may result in
data loss or file damage.
NOTE: To ensure maximum battery operating time, connect only your computer to
a UPS. Connect other devices, such as a printer, to a separate power strip that
provides surge protection.
A UPS protects against power fluctuations and interruptions. UPS devices
contain a battery that provides temporary power to connected devices when
AC power is interrupted. The battery charges while AC power is available. See
the UPS manufacturer documentation for information on battery operating
time and to ensure that the device is approved by Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
40
Setting Up Your Computer
Using the Display
Adjusting Brightness
When a Dell™ computer is running on battery power, you can conserve power
by setting the display brightness to the lowest comfortable level.
•
Press <Fn> and the up-arrow key to increase brightness on the integrated
display only (not on an external monitor).
•
Press <Fn> and the down-arrow key to decrease brightness on the
integrated display only (not on an external monitor).
NOTE: Brightness key combinations only affect the display on your portable
computer, not monitors or projectors that you attach to your portable computer or
docking device. If your computer is connected to an external monitor and you try to
change the brightness level, the Brightness Meter may appear, but the brightness
level on the external device does not change.
Using a Projector
When you start the computer with an external device attached (such as an
external monitor or projector) and turned on, the image may appear on either
the computer display or the external device.
Press <Fn><F8> to switch the video image between the display only, the
external device only, or the display and the external device simultaneously.
Making Images and Text Look Bigger or Sharper
NOTE: If you change the display resolution from the current settings, the image
may appear blurry or text may be hard to read if you change the resolution to one
not supported by your computer and display. Before you change any of the display
settings, make a note of the current settings so you can change back to the
previous settings if you need to.
You can enhance the legibility of text and change the appearance of images
on the screen by adjusting display resolution. As you increase resolution,
items appear smaller on the screen. In contrast, lower resolution causes text
Using the Display
41
and images to appear larger and can benefit people with vision impairments.
To display a program at a specific resolution, both the video card and the display
must support the program, and the necessary video drivers must be installed.
NOTE: Use only the Dell-installed video drivers, which are designed to offer the
best performance with your Dell-installed operating system.
If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the display
supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported values.
To set the display resolution and refresh rate for your display, perform the
steps in the following section that corresponds to the operating system your
computer is using.
Microsoft® Windows® XP
1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel.
2 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes.
3 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a
Control Panel icon, click Display.
4 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab.
5 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution.
NOTE: As the resolution increases, icons and text appear smaller on the screen.
Windows Vista®
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
, and click Control Panel.
2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution.
3 In the Display Settings window, under Resolution, slide the slide bar to
the left or right to decrease/increase the screen resolution.
4 Click How do I get the best display? for further instructions.
If the video resolution setting is higher than that supported by the display, the
computer enters pan mode. In pan mode, the entire video image cannot be
displayed at one time, and the taskbar that usually appears at the bottom of
the desktop may no longer be visible. To view the parts of the video image
that are not visible, you can use the touch pad or track stick to move (or pan)
the image up, down, left, and right.
NOTICE: You can damage an external monitor by using an unsupported refresh
rate. Before adjusting the refresh rate on an external monitor, see the user’s guide
for the monitor.
42
Using the Display
Using Both a Monitor and Your Computer Display
You can attach an external monitor or projector to your computer and use it
as an extension of your display (known as dual independent display or extended
desktop mode). This mode allows you to use both screens independently and
drag objects from one screen to the other, effectively doubling the amount of
viewable work space.
To use extended desktop mode, perform the steps in the following section
that corresponds to the operating system your computer is using.
Microsoft Windows XP
1 Connect the external monitor, TV, or projector to the computer.
2 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel.
3 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes.
4 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a
Control Panel icon, click Display.
5 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab.
NOTE: If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the
display supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported
values. For more information, see your operating system documentation.
6 Click the monitor 2 icon, click the Extend my Windows desktop... check
box, and then click Apply.
7 Change Screen Area to the appropriate sizes for both displays and click Apply.
8 If prompted to restart the computer, click Apply the new color setting
without restarting and click OK.
9 If prompted, click OK to resize your desktop.
10 If prompted, click Yes to keep the settings.
11 Click OK to close the Display Properties window.
Using the Display
43
To disable dual independent display mode:
1 Click the Settings tab in the Display Properties window.
2 Click the monitor 2 icon, uncheck the Extend my Windows desktop onto
this monitor option, and then click Apply.
If necessary, press <Fn><F8> to bring the screen image back to the
computer display.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
, and click Control Panel.
2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution.
3 In the Display Settings window, click the monitor 2 icon, click the Extend
the desktop onto this monitor check box, and then click Apply.
4 Click OK to close the Display Settings window.
To disable extended desktop mode:
1 In the Display Settings window, click the Settings tab.
2 Click the monitor 2 icon, uncheck the Extend the desktop onto this
monitor option, and then click Apply.
Setting Display Resolution and Refresh Rate
NOTE: If you change the display resolution from the current settings, the image
may appear blurry or text may be hard to read if you change the resolution to one
not supported by your computer and display. Before you change any of the display
settings, make a note of the current settings so you can change back to the
previous settings if needed.
You can enhance the legibility of text and change the appearance of images
on the screen by adjusting display resolution. As you increase resolution,
items appear smaller on the screen. In contrast, lower resolution causes text
and images to appear larger and can benefit people with vision impairments.
To display a program at a specific resolution, both the video card and the
display must support the program, and the necessary video drivers must be
installed.
NOTE: Use only the Dell-installed video drivers, which are designed to offer the
best performance with your Dell-installed operating system.
44
Using the Display
If you choose a resolution or color palette that is higher than the display
supports, the settings adjust automatically to the closest supported values.
To set the display resolution and refresh rate for your display, perform the
steps in the following section that corresponds to the operating system your
computer is using.
Microsoft Windows XP
1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel.
2 Under Pick a category, click Appearance and Themes.
3 Under Pick a task..., click the area you want to change, or under or pick a
Control Panel icon, click Display.
4 In the Display Properties window, click the Settings tab.
5 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution.
NOTE: As the resolution increases, icons and text appear smaller on the screen.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
and click Control Panel.
2 Under Appearance and Personalization, click Adjust screen resolution.
3 In the Display Settings window, under Resolution, move the slide bar to
the left or right to decrease or increase the screen resolution.
NOTE: For additional instructions, click How do I get the best display?
Using the Display
45
46
Using the Display
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
Numeric Keypad
numeric keypad
The numeric keypad functions like the numeric keypad on an external
keyboard. Each key on the keypad has multiple functions. The keypad
numbers and symbols are marked in blue on the right of the keypad keys. To
type a number or symbol, hold down <Fn> and press the desired key.
•
To enable the keypad, press <Num Lk>. The
keypad is active.
•
To disable the keypad, press <Num Lk> again.
9
light indicates that the
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
47
Key Combinations
System Functions
<Ctrl><Shift><Esc>
Opens the Task Manager window.
Display Functions
<Fn><F8>
Displays icons representing all currently
available display options (display only, external
monitor or projector only, both display and
projector, etc). Highlight the desired icon to
switch the display to that option.
<Fn> and up-arrow key
Increases brightness on the integrated display
only (not on an external monitor).
<Fn> and down-arrow key
Decreases brightness on the integrated display
only (not on an external monitor).
Battery
<Fn><F3>
Displays the Dell™ QuickSet Battery Meter
(see "Dell QuickSet Battery Meter" on
page 54).
Power Management
<Fn><Esc>
48
Activates a power management mode. You can
reprogram this keyboard shortcut to activate a
different power management mode using the
Advanced tab in the Power Options
Properties window (see "Power Management
Modes" on page 56).
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
Microsoft® Windows® Logo Key Functions
Windows logo key and <m>
Minimizes all open windows.
Windows logo key and
<Shift><m>
Restores all minimized windows. This key
combination functions as a toggle to restore
minimized windows following the use of the
Windows logo key and <m> combination.
Windows logo key and <e>
Starts Windows Explorer.
Windows logo key and <r>
Opens the Run dialog box.
Windows logo key and <f>
Opens the Search Results dialog box.
Windows logo key and
<Ctrl><f>
Opens the Search Results-Computer dialog box
(if the computer is connected to a network).
Windows logo key and <Pause> Opens the System Properties dialog box.
Dell™ QuickSet Key Combinations
If Dell QuickSet is installed, you can use other shortcut keys for functions
such as the Battery Meter or activating power management modes. For more
information about Dell QuickSet key combinations, right-click the QuickSet
icon in the notification area, and then click Help.
Adjusting Keyboard Settings
To adjust keyboard operation, such as the character repeat rate:
1 Click Start
, and then click Control Panel.
2 Click Hardware and Sound.
3 Click Keyboard.
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
49
Touch Pad
The touch pad detects the pressure and movement of your finger to allow you
to move the cursor on the display. Use the touch pad and touch pad buttons
as you would use a mouse.
1
2
1
50
touch pad
2
silk screen depicting scrolling capabilities
•
To move the cursor, lightly slide your finger over the touch pad.
•
To select an object, lightly tap once on the surface of the touch pad or use
your thumb to press the left touch pad button.
•
To select and move (or drag) an object, position the cursor on the object
and tap twice on the touch pad. On the second tap, leave your finger on
the touch pad and move the selected object by sliding your finger over the
surface.
•
To double-click an object, position the cursor on the object and tap twice on
the touch pad or use your thumb to press the left touch pad button twice.
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
Customizing the Touch Pad
You can use the Mouse Properties window to disable the touch pad or adjust
the touch pad settings.
1 Click Start
, and then click Control Panel.
2 Click Hardware and Sound.
3 Click Keyboard.
4 In the Mouse Properties window:
•
Click the Device Select tab to disable the touch pad.
•
Click the Touch Pad tab to adjust touch pad settings.
5 Click OK to save the settings and close the window.
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
51
52
Using the Keyboard and Touchpad
Using a Battery
Battery Performance
NOTE: For information about the Dell warranty for your computer, see the
Product Information Guide or separate paper warranty document that shipped with
your computer.
For optimal computer performance and to help preserve BIOS settings,
operate your Dell™ portable computer with the main battery installed at all
times. One battery is supplied as standard equipment in the battery bay.
NOTE: Because the battery may not be fully charged, use the AC adapter to
connect your new computer to an electrical outlet the first time you use the
computer. For best results, operate the computer with the AC adapter until the
battery is fully charged. To view battery charge status, place the mouse cursor over
the battery icon in the Windows notification area.
NOTE: Battery operating time (the time the battery can hold a charge) decreases
over time. Depending on how often the battery is used and the conditions under
which it is used, you may need to purchase a new battery during the life of your
computer.
NOTE: It is recommended that you connect your computer to an electrical outlet
when writing to media.
Battery operating time varies depending on operating conditions. Operating
time is significantly reduced when you perform operations including, but not
limited to, the following:
•
Using optical drives.
•
Using wireless communications devices, ExpressCards, memory cards, or
USB devices.
•
Using high-brightness display settings, 3D screen savers, or other powerintensive programs such as complex 3D graphics applications.
•
Running the computer in maximum performance mode (see "Power
Management Modes" on page 56 for information about accessing
Windows Power Options Properties or Dell QuickSet, which you can use
to configure power management settings).
Using a Battery
53
You can check the battery charge before you insert the battery into the
computer. You can also set power management options to alert you when the
battery charge is low.
CAUTION: Using an incompatible battery may increase the risk of fire or
explosion. Replace the battery only with a compatible battery purchased from
Dell. The battery is designed to work with your Dell computer. Do not use batteries
from other computers with your computer.
CAUTION: Do not dispose of batteries with household waste. When your battery
no longer holds a charge, call your local waste disposal or environmental agency
for advice on disposing of a lithium-ion battery (see "Battery Disposal" in the
Product Information Guide).
CAUTION: Misuse of the battery may increase the risk of fire or chemical burn.
Do not puncture, incinerate, disassemble, or expose the battery to temperatures
above 65°C (149°F). Keep the battery away from children. Handle damaged or
leaking batteries with extreme care. Damaged batteries may leak and cause
personal injury or equipment damage.
Checking the Battery Charge
You can check the battery charge on your computer using any one of the
following methods:
•
Dell QuickSet Battery Meter
•
Microsoft Windows battery meter icon
•
Battery charge/health gauge located on the battery
•
Low-battery warning pop-up window
located in the notification area
Dell QuickSet Battery Meter
To view the Dell QuickSet Battery Meter:
•
Double-click the Dell QuickSet icon in the taskbar, and then click
Battery Meter
or
•
Press <Fn><F3>
The Battery Meter displays the status, battery health, charge level, and charge
completion time for the battery in your computer.
For more information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon, and
then click Help.
54
Using a Battery
Microsoft® Windows® Battery Meter
The battery meter indicates the remaining battery charge. To check the
battery meter, double-click the
icon in the notification area.
Charge Gauge
By either pressing once or pressing and holding the status button on the
battery charge gauge, you can check:
•
Battery charge (check by pressing and releasing the status button)
•
Battery health (check by pressing and holding the status button)
The battery operating time is largely determined by the number of times it is
charged. After hundreds of charge and discharge cycles, batteries lose some
charge capacity—or battery health. Therefore, a battery can show a status of
charged, but maintain a reduced charge capacity (health).
Check the Battery Charge
To check the battery charge, press and release the status button on the battery
charge gauge to illuminate the charge indicator lights. Each light represents
approximately 20 percent of the total battery charge. For example, if the
battery has 80 percent of its charge remaining, four of the lights are on. If no
lights are on, the battery has no charge.
Check the Battery Health
NOTE: You can check battery health in one of two ways: by using the charge gauge
on the battery, as described below, and by using the Battery Meter in Dell QuickSet.
For information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification
area, and then click Help.
To check the battery health using the charge gauge, press and hold the status
button on the battery charge gauge for at least 3 seconds to illuminate the
health indicator lights. Each light represents incremental degradation. If no
lights appear, the battery is in good condition, and more than 80 percent of its
original charge capacity remains. If five lights appear, less than 60 percent of the
charge capacity remains, and you should consider replacing the battery (see
"Battery" on page 198 for more information about the battery operating time).
Using a Battery
55
Low-Battery Warning
NOTICE: To avoid losing or corrupting data, save your work immediately after a
low-battery warning, then connect the computer to an electrical outlet. If the
battery runs completely out of power, Sleep state begins automatically.
A pop-up window warns you when the battery charge is approximately
90 percent depleted. The computer enters Sleep state when the battery
charge is at a critically low level.
You can change the settings for the battery alarms in Dell QuickSet or the
Power Options window (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56).
Conserving Battery Power
To conserve battery power on your portable computer, do any of the following:
•
Connect the computer to an electrical outlet when possible; battery life is
largely determined by the number of times the battery is used and recharged.
•
Configure the power management settings using either Dell QuickSet or
Microsoft Windows Power Options to optimize your computer’s power
usage (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56).
•
Use the Sleep power state when you leave the computer unattended for
long periods of time (see "Standby and Sleep Mode" on page 56).
Power Management Modes
Standby and Sleep Mode
Standby mode (sleep mode in Microsoft Windows Vista®) conserves power
by turning off the display and the hard drive after a predetermined period of
inactivity (a time-out). When the computer exits standby or sleep mode, it
returns to the same operating state it was in before entering standby or sleep
mode.
NOTICE: If your computer loses AC and battery power while in standby or sleep
mode, it may lose data.
To enter standby mode in Windows XP, click Start→Turn off computer→
Stand by.
To enter sleep mode in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start button
and then click Sleep.
56
Using a Battery
,
Depending on how you set the power management options in the
Power Options Properties window or the QuickSet Power Management
Wizard, you may also use one of the following methods:
•
Press the power button.
•
Close the display.
•
Press <Fn><Esc>.
To exit standby or sleep mode, press the power button or open the display,
depending on how you set the power management options. You cannot make
the computer exit standby or sleep mode by pressing a key or touching the
touch pad.
Hibernate Mode
Hibernate mode conserves power by copying system data to a reserved area on
the hard drive and then completely turning off the computer. When the
computer exits hibernate mode, it returns to the same operating state it was
in before entering hibernate mode.
NOTICE: You cannot remove devices or undock your computer while your
computer is in hibernate mode.
Your computer enters hibernate mode if the battery charge level becomes
critically low.
To enter hibernate mode in Windows XP, click the Start button, click Turn off
computer, press and hold <Shift>, and then click Hibernate.
To enter hibernate mode in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start
button
, and then click Hibernate.
Depending on how you set the power management options in the
Power Options Properties window or the QuickSet Power Management
Wizard, you may also use one of the following methods to enter hibernate mode:
•
Press the power button.
•
Close the display.
•
Press <Fn><Esc>.
NOTE: Some ExpressCards may not operate correctly after the computer exits
hibernate mode. Remove and reinsert the card (see "Removing an ExpressCard or
Blank" on page 89), or simply restart (reboot) your computer.
Using a Battery
57
To exit hibernate mode, press the power button. The computer may take a
short time to exit hibernate mode. You cannot make the computer exit
hibernate mode by pressing a key or touching the touch pad. For more
information on hibernate mode, see the documentation that came with your
operating system.
Configuring Power Management Settings
You can use Dell QuickSet or Windows Power Options to configure the power
management settings on your computer.
•
For information on how to use the Dell QuickSet Power Management
wizard, right-click the QuickSet icon in the notification area, click Help,
and then select Power Management.
Accessing Power Options Properties
Windows XP
Click Start→Control Panel→Performance and Maintenance, and then
click Power Options
Windows Vista
Click the Windows Vista Start button
, click Control Panel, click System
and Maintenance, and then click Power Options.
Charging the Battery
NOTE: Charge time is longer with the computer turned on. You can leave the
battery in the computer for as long as you like. The battery’s internal circuitry
prevents the battery from overcharging.
When you connect the computer to an electrical outlet or install a battery
while the computer is connected to an electrical outlet, the computer checks
the battery charge and temperature. If necessary, the AC adapter then charges
the battery and maintains the battery charge.
If the battery is hot from being used in your computer or being in a hot
environment, the battery may not charge when you connect the computer to
an electrical outlet.
58
Using a Battery
The battery is too hot to start charging if the battery light
flashes
alternately blue and amber. Disconnect the computer from the electrical outlet
and allow the computer and the battery to cool to room temperature, then
connect the computer to an electrical outlet to continue charging the battery.
For more information about resolving problems with a battery, see "Power
Problems" on page 132.
Replacing the Battery
CAUTION: Using an incompatible battery may increase the risk of fire or
explosion. Replace the battery only with a compatible battery purchased from
Dell. The battery is designed to work with your Dell computer. Do not use batteries
from other computers with your computer.
CAUTION: Before performing these procedures, turn off the computer, disconnect
the AC adapter from the electrical outlet and the computer, disconnect the modem
from the wall connector and the computer, and remove any other external cables
from the computer.
NOTICE: You must remove all external cables from the computer to avoid possible
connector damage.
NOTICE: If you choose to replace the battery with the computer in Sleep state, you
have up to 1 minute to complete the battery replacement before the computer shuts
down and loses any unsaved data.
To remove the battery:
1 If the computer is connected to a docking device (docked), undock it.
See the documentation that came with your docking device for instructions.
2 Ensure that the computer is turned off.
3 Turn the computer over.
4 Slide and click the battery release latches to keep them open.
5 Slide the battery out of the bay.
Using a Battery
59
1
1
battery
2
2
battery release latches (2)
To replace the battery, follow the removal procedure in reverse order.
Storing a Battery
Remove the battery when you store your computer for an extended period of
time. A battery discharges during prolonged storage. After a long storage
period, recharge the battery fully (see "Charging the Battery" on page 58)
before you use it.
60
Using a Battery
Using Multimedia
Playing Media
NOTICE: Do not press down on the optical drive tray when you open or close it.
Keep the tray closed when you are not using the drive.
NOTICE: Do not move the computer while playing media.
1 Press the eject button on the front of the drive.
2 Place the disc, label side up, in the center of the tray and snap the disc
onto the spindle.
3 Push the tray back into the drive.
To format media for storing or copying data, see the media software that
came with your computer.
NOTE: Ensure that you follow all copyright laws when copying media.
Using Multimedia
61
A CD player includes the following basic buttons:
Play
Move backward within the current track
Pause
Move forward within the current track
Stop
Go to the previous track
Eject
Go to the next track
A DVD player includes the following basic buttons:
Stop
Restart the current chapter
Play
Fast forward
Pause
Fast reverse
Advance a single frame while in pause mode
Go to the next title or chapter
Continuously play the current title or chapter
Go to the previous title or chapter
Eject
For more information on playing media, click Help on the media player
(if available).
62
Using Multimedia
Playing Media Using Dell Travel
Remote (Optional)
The Dell Travel Remote is designed to control Dell Media Direct and
Windows Vista Media Center. It can work only with specified computers.
For more details, refer to the Dell Support website at support.dell.com.
To play media using Dell Travel Remote:
1 Install a coin-cell battery into your remote control.
2 Launch Windows Vista® Media Center from Start
→Programs.
3 Use the remote control buttons to play media.
1
18
17
2
16
3
15
4
14
5
6
13
12
7
11
8
10
9
Using Multimedia
63
1
Infrared Transmitter
2
Arrow Up
3
OK/Enter/Select
4
Arrow Right
5
Arrow Down
6
Play/Pause
7
Forward
8
Skip Forward
9
Stop
10
Skip Back
11
Reverse
12
Back
13
Arrow Left
14
Mute
15
Volume Down
16
Page Down
17
Volume Up
18
Page Up
Copying CD, DVD, and Blu-ray Disc™ (BD) Media
This section applies only to computers that have a DVD+/-RW drive or a
BD-RE drive.
NOTE: Ensure that you observe all copyright laws when copying media.
NOTE: The types of optical drives offered by Dell may vary by country.
The following instructions explain how to make an exact copy of a CD, DVD,
or BD using Roxio Creator. You can also use Roxio Creator for other purposes,
such as creating music CDs from audio files stored on your computer or
backing up important data. For help, open Roxio Creator, and then press <F1>.
The DVD drives and BD drives installed in Dell computers do not support
HD-DVD media. For a list of supported media formats, see "Using Blank CD,
DVD, and BD Media" on page 65.
How to Copy a CD, DVD, or BD
NOTE: BD media can only be copied to other BD media.
NOTE: Copying a BD-R to BD-RE will not produce an exact copy.
NOTE: Most commercial DVDs and BDs have copyright protection and cannot be
copied using Roxio Creator.
1 Click Start
→All Programs→Roxio Creator→Projects→Copy.
2 Under the Copy tab, click Copy Disc.
64
Using Multimedia
3 To copy the CD, DVD, or BD:
•
If you have one optical drive, insert the source disc into the drive,
ensure that the settings are correct, and then click the Copy Disc
button to continue. The computer reads your source disc and copies
the data to a temporary folder on your computer hard drive.
When prompted, insert a blank disc into the drive and click OK.
•
If you have two optical drives, select the drive into which you have
inserted your source disc and click the Copy Disc button to continue.
The computer copies the data from the source disc to the blank disc.
Once you have finished copying the source disc, the disc that you have
created automatically ejects.
Using Blank CD, DVD, and BD Media
DVD-writable drives can write to both CD and DVD recording media.
BD-writable drives can write to CD, DVD and BD recording media.
Use blank CD-Rs to record music or permanently store data files. After
creating a CD-R, you cannot write to that CD-R again (see the Sonic
documentation for more information). Use a blank CD-RW if you plan to
erase, rewrite, or update information on that disc later.
Blank DVD+/-R or BD-R media can be used to permanently store large
amounts of information. After you create a DVD+/-R or BD-R, you may not
be able to write to that disc again if the disc is finalized or closed during the
final stage of the disc creation process. Use blank DVD+/-RW or BD-RE
media if you plan to erase, rewrite, or update information on that disc later.
CD-Writable Drives
Media Type
Read
Write
Rewritable
CD-R
Yes
Yes
No
CD-RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
Using Multimedia
65
DVD-Writable Drives
Media Type
Read
Write
Rewritable
CD-R
Yes
Yes
No
CD-RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD+R
Yes
Yes
No
DVD-R
Yes
Yes
No
DVD+RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD-RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD+R DL
Yes
Yes
No
DVD-R DL
Yes
No
No
Media Type
Read
Write
Rewritable
CD-R
Yes
Yes
No
CD-RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD+R
Yes
Yes
No
DVD-R
Yes
Yes
No
DVD+RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD-RW
Yes
Yes
Yes
DVD+R DL
Yes
Yes
No
DVD-R DL
Yes
No
No
BD-R
Yes
Yes
No
BD-RE
Yes
Yes
Yes
BD-Writable Drives
Helpful Tips
66
•
Use Microsoft® Windows® Explorer to drag and drop files to a CD-R or
CD-RW only after you start Roxio Creator and open a Creator project.
•
Do not burn a blank CD-R or CD-RW to its maximum capacity; for
example, do not copy a 650-MB file to a blank 650-MB CD. The CD-RW
drive needs 1–2 MB of the blank space to finalize the recording.
Using Multimedia
•
Use CD-Rs to burn music CDs that you want to play in regular stereos.
CD-RWs do not play in most home or car stereos.
•
Music MP3 files can be played only on MP3 players or on computers that
have MP3 software installed.
•
Use a blank CD-RW to practice CD recording until you are familiar with
CD recording techniques. If you make a mistake, you can erase the data on
the CD-RW and try again. You can also use blank CD-RWs to test music
file projects before you record the project permanently to a blank CD-R.
•
You cannot create audio DVDs with Roxio Creator.
•
Commercially available DVD players used in home theater systems may
not support all available DVD formats. For a list of formats supported by
your DVD player, see the documentation provided with your DVD player
or contact the manufacturer.
•
Commercially available BD players used in home theater systems may not
support all available BD formats. For a list of formats supported by your
BD player, see the documentation provided with your BD player or contact
the manufacturer.
•
See the Roxio website at www.sonic.com or the Blu-ray Disc™ Association
website at blu-raydisc.com for additional information.
Adjusting the Volume
NOTE: When the speakers are muted, you do not hear the media playing.
1 Right-click the volume icon in the notification area.
2 Click Open Volume Mixer.
3 Click and drag the bar to slide it up or down to increase or decrease the
volume.
For more information on volume control options, click Help in the
Volume Mixer window.
The Volume Meter displays the current volume level, including mute, on your
computer. Either click the QuickSet icon in the notification area and select or
deselect Disable On Screen Volume Meter, or press the volume control
buttons to enable or disable the Volume Meter on the screen.
Using Multimedia
67
Adjusting the Picture
If an error message notifies you that the current resolution and color depth
are using too much memory and preventing media playback, adjust the
display properties.
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Appearance and Themes.
2 Under Pick a task..., click Change the screen resolution.
3 Under Screen resolution, click and drag the bar to reduce the resolution
setting.
4 In the drop-down menu under Color quality, click Medium (16 bit) and
click OK.
Windows Vista®
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
click Appearance and Personalization.
, click Control Panel, and then
2 Under Personalization, click Adjust Screen Resolution.
The Display Properties window appears.
3 Under Resolution: click and drag the bar to reduce the resolution setting.
4 In the drop-down menu under Colors:, click Medium (16 bit).
5 Click OK.
Using Dell MediaDirect™
Dell MediaDirect is an instant-on multimedia playback mode for digital
media. Press the Dell MediaDirect button, located on the hinge cover, to
launch Dell MediaDirect.
If the computer is turned on or in standby or sleep mode
If you press the Dell MediaDirect button while the computer is turned on or
in standby (Windows XP) or sleep (Windows Vista) mode, either Windows
Media Center Manager or Dell Media Experience launches, depending on
your system setup. If both applications are present, Windows Media Center
Manager launches.
68
Using Multimedia
If the computer is turned off or in hibernate mode
When your computer is turned off or in hibernate mode, you can press the
Dell MediaDirect button to start the computer and automatically launch the
Dell MediaDirect application.
1
1
Dell MediaDirect button
NOTE: You cannot reinstall Dell MediaDirect if you voluntarily reformat the hard
drive. You need the installation software to reinstall Dell MediaDirect. Contact Dell
for assistance (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
For more information on using Dell MediaDirect, use the Help menu in the
Dell MediaDirect application.
Connecting Your Computer to a TV or
Audio Device
NOTE: Video and audio cables for connecting your computer to a TV or other audio
device may not be included with your computer. Cables and TV/digital audio
adapter cables are available for purchase from Dell.
Your computer has an S-video TV-out connector that, together with a
standard S-video cable, a composite video adapter cable, or a component
video adapter cable (available from Dell), enable you to connect the
computer to a TV.
Using Multimedia
69
Your TV has either an S-video input connector, a composite video-input
connector, or a component video-input connector. Depending on what type
of connector is available on your TV, you can use a commercially available
S-video cable, composite video cable, or component video cable to connect
your computer to your TV.
1
1
2
S-video TV-out connector
2
S-video connector
2
1
3
4
5
1
S-video TV-out connector
2
composite video adapter
3
S/PDIF digital audio connector
4
composite video-output connector
5
S-video connector
1
2
3
4
5
6
70
1
S-video TV-out connector
3
S/PDIF digital audio connector 4
Pr (red) component video-output connector
5
Pb (blue) component videooutput connector
Y (green) component video-output
connector
Using Multimedia
2
6
component video adapter
If you want to connect your computer to a TV or audio device, it is
recommended that you connect video and audio cables to your computer in
one of the following combinations:
•
S-video and standard audio
•
Composite video and standard audio
•
Component-out video and standard audio
NOTE: See the diagrams at the beginning of each subsection to help you determine
which method of connection you should use.
When you finish connecting the video and audio cables between your
computer and your TV, you must enable your computer to work with the TV.
See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV. Additionally, if you are
using S/PDIF digital audio, see "Enabling S/PDIF Digital Audio" on page 84.
S-Video and Standard Audio
1
2
1
audio connector
2
S-video TV-out connector
Using Multimedia
71
1
2
1
standard S-video cable
2
standard audio cable
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to
connect.
NOTE: If your TV or audio device supports S-video but not S/PDIF digital audio, you
can connect an S-video cable directly to the S-video TV-out connector on the
computer (without the TV/digital audio adapter cable).
2 Plug one end of the S-video cable into the S-video output connector on
the computer.
3 Plug the other end of the S-video cable into the S-video input connector
on your TV.
4 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone
connector on your computer.
5 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the
audio input connectors on your TV or other audio device.
6 Turn on the TV and any audio device that you connected (if applicable),
and then turn on the computer.
7 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
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Using Multimedia
S-Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
1
1
2
S-video TV-out connector
2
composite video adapter
1
2
3
1
composite video adapter
3
S/PDIF digital audio cable
2
S-video cable
Using Multimedia
73
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or the audio device that you want
to connect.
2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on
your computer.
3 Plug one end of the S-video cable into the S-video output connector on
the composite video adapter.
2
1
1
composite video adapter
2
S-video cable
4 Plug the other end of the S-video cable into the S-video input connector
on the TV.
5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the digital audio
connector on the composite video adapter cable.
1
1
composite video adapter
2
2
S/PDIF digital audio cable
6 Plug the other end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the audio input
connector on your TV or audio device.
7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if
applicable), and then turn on the computer.
8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
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Using Multimedia
Composite Video and Standard Audio
1
2
1
audio input connector
3
composite video adapter
3
2
S-video TV-out connector
1
2
3
1
composite video adapter
3
standard audio cable
2
composite video cable
Using Multimedia
75
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to
connect.
2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on
your computer.
3 Plug one end of the composite video cable into the composite videooutput connector on the composite video adapter.
1
2
1
composite video adapter
2
composite video cable
4 Plug the other end of the composite video cable into the composite videoinput connector on the TV.
5 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone
connector on the computer.
6 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the
audio input connectors on your TV or other audio device.
7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if
applicable), and then turn on the computer.
8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
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Using Multimedia
Composite Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
1
1
2
S-video TV-out connector
2
composite video adapter
1
2
3
1
composite video adapter
3
standard audio cable
2
composite video cable
Using Multimedia
77
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to
connect.
2 Connect the composite video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on
the computer.
3 Plug one end of the composite video cable into the composite video-input
connector on the composite video adapter.
1
2
1
composite video adapter
2
composite video cable
4 Plug the other end of the composite video cable into the composite videoinput connector on the TV.
5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the S/PDIF audio
connector on the composite video adapter.
1
1
composite video adapter
2
2
S/PDIF digital audio cable
6 Plug the other end of the digital audio cable into the S/PDIF input
connector on your TV or other audio device.
7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if
applicable), and then turn on the computer.
8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
78
Using Multimedia
Component Video and Standard Audio
1
1
S-video TV-out connector
2
2
component video adapter
1
2
3
1
component video adapter
3
standard audio cable
2
component video cable
Using Multimedia
79
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to
connect.
2 Connect the component video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on
your computer.
3 Plug all three ends of the component video cable into the component
video-output connectors on the component video adapter. Make sure that
the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the corresponding
adapter ports.
1
1
component video adapter
2
2
component video cable
4 Plug all three connectors from the other end of the component video cable
into the component video-input connectors on the TV. Make sure that the
red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the colors of the TV input
connectors.
5 Plug the single-connector end of the audio cable into the headphone
connector on the computer.
6 Plug the two RCA connectors on the other end of the audio cable into the
audio input connectors on your TV or audio device.
7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if
applicable), and then turn on the computer.
8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
80
Using Multimedia
Component Video and S/PDIF Digital Audio
1
1
S-video TV-out connector
2
2
component video adapter
Using Multimedia
81
1
2
3
1
component video adapter
3
standard audio cable
2
component video cable
1 Turn off the computer and the TV and/or audio device that you want to
connect.
2 Connect the component video adapter to the S-video TV-out connector on
the computer.
3 Plug all three ends of the component video cable into the component
video-output connectors on the component video adapter. Make sure that
the red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the corresponding
adapter ports.
82
Using Multimedia
2
1
1
component video adapter
3
component video cable
3
2
component video-output connectors
4 Plug all three connectors from the other end of the component video cable
into the component video-input connectors on the TV. Make sure that the
red, green, and blue colors of the cable match the colors of the TV input
connectors.
5 Plug one end of the S/PDIF digital audio cable into the S/PDIF audio
connector on the component video adapter.
1
2
1
component video adapter
2
S/PDIF digital audio cable
6 Plug the other end of the digital audio cable into the S/PDIF input
connector on your TV or other audio device.
7 Turn on the TV, turn on any audio device that you connected (if
applicable), and then turn on the computer.
8 See "Enabling the Display Settings for a TV" on page 84 to ensure that the
computer recognizes and works properly with the TV.
Using Multimedia
83
Enabling S/PDIF Digital Audio
1 Double-click the speaker icon in the Windows notification area.
2 Click the Options menu and then click Advanced Controls.
3 Click Advanced.
4 Click S/PDIF Interface.
5 Click Close.
6 Click OK.
Enabling the Display Settings for a TV
NOTE: To ensure that the display options appear correctly, connect the TV to the
computer before you enable the display settings.
Windows XP
1 Click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
2 Double-click Display and click the Settings tab.
3 Click Advanced.
4 Click the tab for your video card.
NOTE: To determine the type of video card installed in your computer, see the
Windows Help and Support Center. To access the Help and Support Center, click
Start→Help and Support. Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your
computer information and diagnose problems. Then, under My Computer
Information, select Hardware.
5 In the display devices section, select the appropriate option for using
either a single display or multiple displays, ensuring that the display
settings are correct for your selection.
84
Using Multimedia
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
click Appearance and Personalization.
, click Control Panel, and then
2 Under Personalization, click Adjust Screen Resolution.
The Display Properties window appears.
3 Click Advanced.
4 Click the tab for your video card.
NOTICE: To determine the type of video card installed in your computer, see
the Windows Help and Support Center. To access the Help and Support
→Help
Center in Windows Vista, click the Windows Vista Start button
and Support. Under Pick a Task, click Use Tools to view your computer
information and diagnose problems. Then, under My Computer Information,
select Hardware.
5 In the display devices section, select the appropriate option for using
either a single display or multiple displays, ensuring that the display
settings are correct for your selection.
Using Multimedia
85
86
Using Multimedia
Using ExpressCards
ExpressCards provide additional memory, wired and wireless
communications, multimedia and security features. For example, you can add
an ExpressCard to make wireless wide area network (WWAN) connectivity
available on your computer.
ExpressCards support two form factors:
•
ExpressCard/34 (34 mm wide)
•
ExpressCard/54 (54 mm wide in an L-shape with a 34 mm connector)
The 34 mm card fits into both the 34 mm and 54 mm card slots. The 54 mm
card only fits into a 54 mm card slot.
See "Specifications" on page 193 for information on supported ExpressCards.
NOTE: An ExpressCard is not a bootable device.
1
1
ExpressCard/34
2
2
ExpressCard/54
ExpressCard Blanks
Your computer shipped with a plastic blank installed in the ExpressCard slot.
Blanks protect unused slots from dust and other particles. Save the blank for
use when no ExpressCard is installed in the slot; blanks from other computers
may not fit your computer.
Using ExpressCards
87
Remove the blank before installing an ExpressCard. To remove the blank, see
"Removing an ExpressCard or Blank" on page 89.
Installing an ExpressCard
You can install an ExpressCard while the computer is running. The computer
automatically detects the card.
ExpressCards are generally marked with a symbol (such as a triangle or an
arrow) or a label to indicate which end to insert into the slot. The cards are
keyed to prevent incorrect insertion. If card orientation is not clear, see the
documentation that came with the card.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
To install an ExpressCard:
1 Hold the card with the top side of the card facing up.
2 Slide the card into the slot until the card is completely seated in its
connector.
If you encounter too much resistance, do not force the card. Check the
card orientation and try again.
1
1
88
slot
Using ExpressCards
2
2
ExpressCard
The computer recognizes the ExpressCard and automatically loads the
appropriate device driver. If the configuration program tells you to load the
manufacturer's drivers, use the media that came with the ExpressCard.
Removing an ExpressCard or Blank
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Press the latch and remove the card or blank. For some latches, you must press
the latch twice, once to pop the latch out, and then a second time to pop the
card out.
Save a blank to use when no ExpressCard is installed in a slot. Blanks protect
unused slots from dust and other particles.
1
1
release button
Using ExpressCards
89
90
Using ExpressCards
Using the Memory Card Reader
The memory card reader provides a fast and convenient way to view and share
digital photos, music, and videos stored on a memory card.
NOTE: A memory card is not a bootable device.
The 8-in-1 memory card reader reads the following memory cards:
•
Secure Digital (SD)
•
SDIO
•
MultiMediaCard (MMC)
•
Memory Stick
•
Memory Stick PRO
•
xD-Picture Card
•
Hi Speed-SD
•
Hi Density-SD
Memory Card Blanks
Your computer shipped with a plastic blank installed in the 8-in-1 memory
card reader. Blanks protect unused slots from dust and other particles. Save
the blank for use when no memory card is installed in the slot; blanks from
other computers may not fit your computer.
Remove the blank before installing a memory card. To remove the blank, see
"Removing a Memory Card or Blank" on page 92.
Installing a Memory Card
You can install a memory card in the computer while the computer is
running. The computer automatically detects the card.
Memory cards are generally marked with a symbol (such as a triangle or an
arrow) or a label to indicate which end to insert into the slot. The cards are
keyed to prevent incorrect insertion. If card orientation is not clear, see the
documentation that came with the card.
Using the Memory Card Reader
91
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
To install a memory card:
1 Hold the card with the top side of the card facing up.
2 Slide the card into the slot until the card is completely seated in its
connector.
If you encounter too much resistance, do not force the card. Check the
card orientation and try again.
The computer recognizes the memory card and automatically loads the
appropriate device driver. If the configuration program tells you to load the
manufacturer's drivers, use the media that came with the memory card, if
applicable.
Removing a Memory Card or Blank
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: Use the memory card configuration utility (click the
icon in the
notification area) to select a card and stop it from functioning before you remove it
from the computer. If you do not stop the card in the configuration utility, you could
lose data.
Press the card into the slot to release it from the card reader. When it is
partially ejected, remove the card.
92
Using the Memory Card Reader
Setting Up and Using Networks
A computer network provides connectivity between your computer and the
Internet, another computer, or a network. For example, with a network set up
in a home or small office you can print to a shared printer, access drives and
files on another computer, browse other networks, or access the Internet. You
can set up a local area network (LAN) using a network or broadband modem
cable or set up a wireless LAN (WLAN).
The Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft Windows Vista® operating
systems provide wizards to help guide you through the process of networking
computers. For more information about Networking, see the Windows Help
and Support Center (see "Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista® Help
and Support Center" on page 16).
Connecting a Network or Broadband Modem Cable
Before you connect your computer to a network, the computer must have a
network adapter installed and a network cable connected to it.
1 Connect the network cable to the network adapter connector on the back
of your computer.
NOTE: Insert the cable connector until it clicks into place, and then gently
pull on the cable to ensure that it is securely attached.
2 Connect the other end of the network cable to a network connection
device or a network wall connector.
NOTE: Do not use a network cable with a telephone wall connector.
Setting Up and Using Networks
93
Setting Up a Network
Windows XP
1 Click Start→All Programs→Accessories→Communications→Network
Setup Wizard→Next→Checklist for creating a network.
NOTE: Selecting the connection method labeled This computer connects
directly to the Internet enables the integrated firewall provided with
Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2).
2 Complete the checklist.
3 Return to the Network Setup Wizard and follow the instructions in the
wizard.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista Start button
Set up a connection or network.
, and then click Connect To→
2 Select an option under Choose a connection option.
3 Click Next, and then follow the instructions in the wizard.
Wireless Local Area Network
A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a series of interconnected computers
that communicate with each other over the air waves rather than through a
network cable connected to each computer. In a WLAN, a radio
communications device called an access point or wireless router connects
network computers and provides Internet, or network access. The access
point or wireless router and the wireless network card in the computer
communicate by broadcasting data from their antennas over the air waves.
What You Need to Establish a WLAN Connection
Before you can set up a WLAN, you need:
94
•
High-speed (broadband) Internet access (such as cable or DSL)
•
A broadband modem that is connected and working
•
A wireless router or access point
Setting Up and Using Networks
•
A wireless network card for each computer that you want to connect to
your WLAN
•
A network cable with a network (RJ-45) connector
Checking Your Wireless Network Card
Depending on what you selected when you purchased your computer, the
computer has a variety of configurations. To confirm that your computer has
a wireless network card and to determine the type of card, use one of the following:
•
The Start button and the Connect To option
•
The order confirmation for your computer
Start Button and Connect To Option
In Microsoft Windows XP, click Start→Connect To→Show all connections.
NOTE: If your computer is set to the Classic Start menu option, click Start→
Settings→Network Connections to view your network connections.
In Microsoft Windows Vista, click
computers and devices.
→Connect To→View network
If Wireless Network Connection does not appear under LAN or High-Speed
Internet, you may not have a wireless network card.
If Wireless Network Connection appears, you have a wireless network card.
To view detailed information about the wireless network card:
1 Right-click Wireless Network Connection.
2 Click Properties.
The Wireless Network Connection Properties window appears.
The wireless network card’s name and model number are listed on the
General tab.
NOTE: If Wireless Network Connection does not appear, you may not have a
wireless network card.
The Order Confirmation for Your Computer
The order confirmation that you received when you ordered your computer
lists the hardware and software that shipped with your computer.
Setting Up and Using Networks
95
Setting Up a New WLAN Using a Wireless Router and a
Broadband Modem
1 Contact your Internet service provider (ISP) to obtain specific information
about the connection requirements for your broadband modem.
2 Ensure that you have wired Internet access through your broadband
modem before you attempt to set up a wireless Internet connection
(see "Connecting a Network or Broadband Modem Cable" on page 93).
3 Install any software required for your wireless router. Your wireless router
may have been shipped with installation media. Installation media usually
contains installation and troubleshooting information. Install the required
software according to the instructions provided by the router manufacturer.
4 Shut down your computer and any other wireless-enabled computers in
the vicinity through the Windows Vista Start button
.
5 Disconnect your broadband modem power cable from the electrical outlet.
6 Disconnect the network cable from the computer and the modem.
7 Disconnect the AC adapter cable from your wireless router to ensure that
there is no power connected to the router.
NOTE: Wait for a minimum of 5 minutes after disconnecting your broadband
modem before continuing with the network setup.
8 Insert a network cable into the network (RJ-45) connector on the
unpowered broadband modem.
9 Connect the other end of the network cable into the Internet network
(RJ-45) connector on the unpowered wireless router.
10 Ensure that no network or USB cables, other than the network cable
connecting the modem and the wireless router, are connected to the
broadband modem.
NOTE: Restart your wireless equipment in the order described below to prevent a
potential connection failure.
11 Turn on only your broadband modem and wait for at least 2 minutes for
the broadband modem to stabilize. After 2 minutes, proceed to step 12.
12 Turn on your wireless router and wait for at least 2 minutes for the wireless
router to stabilize. After 2 minutes, proceed to the step 13.
13 Start your computer and wait until the boot process completes.
96
Setting Up and Using Networks
14 See the documentation that came with your wireless router to do the
following in order to set up the wireless router:
•
Establish communication between your computer and your
wireless router.
•
Configure your wireless router to communicate with your
broadband router.
•
Find out your wireless router’s broadcast name. The technical term for
the name of your router’s broadcast name is Service Set Identifier (SSID)
or network name.
15 If necessary, configure your wireless network card to connect to the wireless
network (see "Connecting to a WLAN" on page 97).
Connecting to a WLAN
NOTE: Before you connect to a WLAN, ensure that you have followed the
instructions in "Wireless Local Area Network" on page 94.
NOTE: The following networking instructions do not apply to internal cards with
Bluetooth® wireless technology or cellular products.
This section provides general procedures for connecting to a network using
wireless technology. Specific network names and configuration details vary.
See "Wireless Local Area Network" on page 94 for more information about
how to prepare for connecting your computer to a WLAN.
Your wireless network card requires specific software and drivers for
connecting to a network. The software is already installed.
NOTE: If the software is removed or corrupted, follow the instructions in the user
documentation for your wireless network card. Verify the type of wireless network
card installed in your computer and then search for that name on the Dell™ Support
website at support.dell.com. For information on the type of wireless network card
that is installed in your computer, see "Checking Your Wireless Network Card" on
page 95.
When you turn on your computer, and a network for which your computer is
not configured is detected in the area, a pop-up appears near the network icon
in the Windows notification area.
Setting Up and Using Networks
97
Determining the Wireless Network Device Manager
Depending on the software installed on your computer, different wireless
configuration utilities may manage your network devices:
•
Your wireless network card’s client utility
•
The Windows XP or Windows Vista operating system
To determine which wireless configuration utility is managing your wireless
network card in Windows XP:
1 Click Start→Settings→Control Panel→Network Connections.
2 Right-click the Wireless Network Connection icon, and then click View
Available Wireless Networks.
If the Choose a wireless network window states Windows cannot configure
this connection, the wireless network card’s client utility is managing the
wireless network card.
If the Choose a wireless network window states Click an item in the list
below to connect to a wireless network in range or to get more information,
the Windows XP operating system is managing the wireless network card.
To determine which wireless configuration utility is managing your wireless
network card in Windows Vista:
1 Click
→Connect To→Manage wireless networks.
2 Double-click a profile to open the wireless network properties screen.
For specific information about the wireless configuration utility installed on
your computer, see your wireless network documentation in the Windows
Help and Support Center (see "Microsoft Windows XP and Windows Vista®
Help and Support Center" on page 16).
Completing the Connection to the WLAN
When you turn on your computer and a network (for which your computer is
not configured) is detected in the area, a pop-up appears near the network
icon in the notification area (in the lower-right corner of the Windows desktop).
Follow the instructions provided in any utility prompts that appear on
your screen.
Once you have configured your computer for the wireless network that you
selected, another pop-up notifies you that your computer is connected to that
network.
98
Setting Up and Using Networks
Thereafter, whenever you log on to your computer within the range of the
wireless network that you selected, the same pop-up notifies you of the
wireless network connection.
NOTE: If you select a secure network, you must enter a WEP or WPA key when
prompted. Network security settings are unique to your network. Dell cannot
provide this information.
NOTE: Your computer can take up to 1 minute to connect to the network.
Monitoring the Status of the Wireless Network Card Through Dell QuickSet
The wireless activity indicator provides you with an easy way to monitor the
status of your computer’s wireless devices. To turn the wireless activity indicator
on or off, click the QuickSet icon in the taskbar and select Hotkey Popups.
If Wireless Activity Indicator Off is not checked, the indicator is on.
If Wireless Activity Indicator Off is checked, the indicator is off.
The wireless activity indicator displays whether your computer’s integrated
wireless devices are enabled or disabled. When you turn the wireless
networking function on or off, the wireless activity indicator changes to
display the status.
For more information about the Dell QuickSet wireless activity indicator,
right-click the QuickSet icon in the taskbar, and then select Help.
Mobile Broadband (or Wireless Wide
Area Network)
A Mobile Broadband network, also known as a Wireless Wide Area Network
(WWAN), is a high-speed digital cellular network that provides Internet
access over a much wider geographical area than a WLAN, which typically
covers only from 100 to 1000 feet. Your computer can maintain Mobile
Broadband network access as long as the computer is within a cellular-data
coverage zone. Contact your service provider for coverage of a high-speed
digital cellular network.
NOTE: Even if you are able to make a call from your cellular phone in a specific
geographical location, that location may not necessarily be within a cellular-data
coverage zone.
Setting Up and Using Networks
99
What You Need to Establish a Mobile Broadband Network Connection
NOTE: Depending on your computer, you can use either a Mobile Broadband
ExpressCard or Mini Card, but not both, to establish a Mobile Broadband network
connection.
To set up a Mobile Broadband network connection, you need:
•
A Mobile Broadband ExpressCard or Mini Card (depending on your
computer’s configuration)
NOTE: For instructions on using ExpressCards, see "Using ExpressCards" on
page 87.
•
An activated Mobile Broadband ExpressCard or activated Subscriber
Identity Module (SIM) for your service provider
•
The Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility (already installed on your
computer if you purchased the card when you purchased your computer, or
on the media that accompanied your card if purchased separately from
your computer)
If the utility is corrupted or deleted from your computer, see the Dell
Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide in Windows Help and
Support (click Start
, and then click Help and Support) or on the
media that accompanied your card if you purchased it separately from your
computer.
Checking Your Dell Mobile Broadband Card
Depending on what you selected when you purchased your computer, the
computer has a variety of configurations. To determine your computer
configuration, see one of the following:
•
Your order confirmation
•
Microsoft Windows Help and Support
To check your Mobile Broadband card in Windows Help and Support:
→Help and Support→Use Tools to view your computer
1 Click Start
information and diagnose problems.
2 Under Tools, click My Computer Information→Find information about
the hardware installed on this computer.
100
Setting Up and Using Networks
On the My Computer Information - Hardware screen, you can view the type
of Mobile Broadband card installed in your computer as well as other
hardware components.
NOTE: The Mobile Broadband card is listed under Modems.
Connecting to a Mobile Broadband Network
NOTE: These instructions only apply to Mobile Broadband ExpressCards or MiniCards. They do not apply to internal cards with wireless technology.
NOTE: Before you connect to the Internet, you must activate Mobile Broadband
service through your cellular service provider. For instructions and for additional
information about using the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility, see the user's guide
available through Windows Help and Support (click Start
, and then click Help
and Support). The user's guide is also available on the Dell Support website at
support.dell.com and on the media included with your Mobile Broadband card if
you purchased the card separately from your computer.
Use the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility to establish and manage a
Mobile Broadband network connection to the Internet:
1 Click the Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility icon
notification area to run the utility.
in the Windows
2 Click Connect.
NOTE: The Connect button changes to the Disconnect button.
3 Follow the instructions on the screen to manage the network connection
with the utility.
or
1 Click Start
→All Programs→Dell Wireless.
2 Click Dell Wireless Broadband and follow the instructions on the screen.
Setting Up and Using Networks
101
Enabling/Disabling the Dell Mobile Broadband Card
NOTE: If you are unable to connect to a Mobile Broadband network, ensure that
you have all the components for establishing a Mobile Broadband connection (see
"What You Need to Establish a Mobile Broadband Network Connection" on
page 100), and then verify that your Mobile Broadband card is enabled by verifying
the setting of the wireless switch.
You can turn your Mobile Broadband card on and off using the wireless switch
on your computer.
You can turn your computer’s wireless devices on and off with the wireless
switch on the left side of the computer (see "Left Side View" on page 27).
If the switch is in the on position, move the switch to the off position to
disable the switch and the Mobile Broadband card. If the switch is in the off
position, move the switch to the on position to enable the switch and the Dell
Mobile Broadband card. For information about the wireless switch positions,
see "wireless switch" on page 27.
To monitor the status of your wireless device, see "Monitoring the Status of
the Wireless Network Card Through Dell QuickSet" on page 99.
Dell Wi-Fi Catcher™ Network Locator
The wireless switch on your Dell computer uses the Dell Wi-Fi Catcher
Network Locator to scan specifically for wireless networks in your vicinity.
To scan for a wireless network, slide and hold the wireless switch (see "wireless
switch" on page 27) in the momentary position for a few seconds. The Wi-Fi
Catcher Network Locator functions regardless of whether your computer is
turned on or off, or in Sleep state, as long as the switch is configured through
Dell QuickSet or the BIOS (system setup program) to control WiFi network
connections.
Because the Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator is disabled and not configured
for use when your computer is shipped to you, you must first use Dell
QuickSet to enable and configure the switch to control WiFi network
connections. For more information on the Wi-Fi Catcher Network Locator
and to enable the feature through Dell QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet
icon in the notification area, and then select Help.
102
Setting Up and Using Networks
Securing Your Computer
Security Cable Lock
NOTE: Your computer does not ship with a security cable lock.
A security cable lock is a commercially available antitheft device. To use the
lock, attach it to the security cable slot on your Dell computer. For more
information, see the instructions included with the device.
NOTICE: Before you buy an antitheft device, ensure that it will work with the
security cable slot on your computer.
Securing Your Computer
103
Passwords
Passwords prevent unauthorized access to your computer. When you first
start your computer, you must assign a primary password at the prompt. If
you do not enter a password within 2 minutes, the computer returns to its
previous operating state.
When using passwords, observe the following guidelines:
•
Choose a password that you can remember, but not one that is easy to
guess. For example, do not use the names of family members or pets for
passwords.
•
It is recommended that you do not write down your password. If you do
write it down, however, ensure that the password is stored in a secure
location.
•
Do not share your password with other people.
•
Ensure that people are not watching you when you type your password.
NOTICE: Passwords provide a high level of security for data in your computer or
hard drive. However, they are not foolproof. If you require more security, obtain and
use additional forms of protection such as data encryption programs.
Use the User Accounts option in the Control Panel in the Microsoft® Windows®
operating system to create user accounts or to change passwords. Once you
create a user password, you must enter it each time you turn on or unlock
your computer. If you do not enter a password within 2 minutes, the
computer returns to its previous operating state. For more information, see
your Windows documentation.
If you forget any of your passwords, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192). For your protection, Dell technical support staff will ask you for
proof of your identity to ensure that only an authorized person can use the
computer.
104
Securing Your Computer
If Your Computer Is Lost or Stolen
•
Call a law enforcement agency to report the lost or stolen computer.
Include the Service Tag in your description of the computer. Ask that a
case number be assigned and write down the number, along with the
name, address, and phone number of the law enforcement agency. If
possible, obtain the name of the investigating officer.
NOTE: If you know where the computer was lost or stolen, call a law
enforcement agency in that area. If you do not know, call a law enforcement
agency where you live.
•
If the computer belongs to a company, notify the security office of the
company.
•
Contact Dell customer service to report the missing computer. Provide the
computer Service Tag, the case number, and the name, address, and phone
number of the law enforcement agency to which you reported the missing
computer. If possible, give the name of the investigating officer.
The Dell customer service representative will log your report under the
computer Service Tag and record the computer as missing or stolen. If someone
calls Dell for technical assistance and gives your Service Tag, the computer is
identified automatically as missing or stolen. The representative will attempt to
get the phone number and address of the caller. Dell will then contact the law
enforcement agency to which you reported the missing computer.
Securing Your Computer
105
106
Securing Your Computer
Troubleshooting
Dell Technical Update Service
The Dell Technical Update service provides proactive e-mail notification of
software and hardware updates for your computer. The service is free and can
be customized for content, format, and how frequently you receive
notifications.
To enroll for the Dell Technical Update service, go to
support.dell.com/technicalupdate.
Dell Diagnostics
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
When to Use the Dell Diagnostics
If you experience a problem with your computer, perform the checks in
"Lockups and Software Problems" on page 127 and run the Dell Diagnostics
before you contact Dell for technical assistance.
It is recommended that you print these procedures before you begin.
NOTE: The Dell Diagnostics only operate on Dell computers.
Enter system setup, review your computer’s configuration information, and
ensure that the device you want to test displays in system setup and is active
(see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203).
Start the Dell Diagnostics from your hard drive or from your Drivers and
Utilities media (see "Drivers and Utilities Media" on page 15).
Troubleshooting
107
Starting the Dell Diagnostics From Your Hard Drive
The Dell Diagnostics is located on a hidden diagnostic utility partition on
your hard drive.
NOTE: If your computer cannot display a screen image, contact Dell (see
"Contacting Dell" on page 192).
NOTE: If the computer is connected to a docking device (docked), undock it.
See the documentation that came with your docking device for instructions.
1 Ensure that the computer is connected to an electrical outlet that is
known to be working properly.
2 Turn on (or restart) your computer.
3 Start the Dell Diagnostics in one of the following two ways:
a
When the DELL™ logo appears, press <F12> immediately.
Select Diagnostics from the boot menu, and then press <Enter>.
NOTE: If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue
to wait until you see the Microsoft® Windows® desktop, then shut down your
computer and try again.
NOTE: Before attempting option B, the computer must be powered down
completely.
b
Press and hold the <Fn> key while powering the computer on.
NOTE: If you see a message stating that no diagnostics utility partition has
been found, run the Dell Diagnostics from your Drivers and Utilities media.
The computer runs the Pre-boot System Assessment, a series of initial
tests of your system board, keyboard, hard drive, and display.
•
During the assessment, answer any questions that appear.
•
If a failure is detected, the computer stops and beeps. To stop the
assessment and restart the computer, press <n>; to continue to the
next test, press <y>; to retest the component that failed, press <r>.
•
If failures are detected during the Pre-boot System Assessment, write
down the error code(s) and contact Dell.
If the Pre-boot System Assessment completes successfully, you receive the
message Booting Dell Diagnostic Utility Partition.
Press any key to continue.
4 Press any key to start the Dell Diagnostics from the diagnostics utility
partition on your hard drive.
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Troubleshooting
Starting the Dell Diagnostics From the Drivers and Utilities Media
1 Insert your Drivers and Utilities media.
2 Shut down and restart the computer.
3 When the DELL logo appears, press <F12> immediately.
NOTE: Keyboard failure may result when a key on the keyboard is held down
for extended periods of time. To avoid possible keyboard failure, press and
release <F12> in even intervals until the boot device menu appears.
4 At the boot device menu, use the up- and down-arrow keys to highlight
CD/DVD/CD-RW, and then press <Enter>.
NOTE: The Quickboot feature changes the boot sequence for the current
boot only. Upon restart, the computer boots according to the boot sequence
specified in system setup.
5 Select the Boot from CD-ROM option from the menu that appears, and
then press <Enter>.
6 Type 1 to start the Drivers and Utilities menu, and then press <Enter>.
7 Select Run the 32 Bit Dell Diagnostics from the numbered list. If multiple
versions are listed, select the version appropriate for your computer.
8 At the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu, select the test you want to run.
NOTE: Write down any error codes and problem descriptions exactly as they
appear and follow the instructions on the screen.
9 After all tests have completed, close the test window to return to the Dell
Diagnostics Main Menu.
10 Remove your Drivers and Utilities media, then close the Main Menu
window to exit the Dell Diagnostics and restart the computer.
Troubleshooting
109
Dell Diagnostics Main Menu
After the Dell Diagnostics loads and the Main Menu screen appears, click the
button for the option you want.
NOTE: It is recommended that you select Test System to run a complete test
on your computer.
Option
Function
Test Memory
Run the stand-alone memory test
Test System
Run System Diagnostics
Exit
Exit the Diagnostics
After you have selected the Test System option from the main menu, the
following menu appears.
NOTE: It is recommended that you select Extended Test from the menu
below to run a more thorough check of the devices in the computer.
Option
Function
Express Test
Performs a quick test of system devices. The test typically
takes 10 to 20 minutes and requires no interaction on your
part. Run Express Test first to increase the possibility of
tracing the problem quickly.
Extended Test
Performs a thorough check of system devices. The test
typically takes an hour or more and periodically requires your
input to answer specific questions.
Custom Test
Tests a specific device in the system and can be used to
customize the tests you want to run.
Symptom Tree
Lists a number of common symptoms and allows you to select
a test based on the symptom of the problem you are having.
For any problem encountered during a test, a message appears with an error
code and a description of the problem. Write down the error code and problem
description exactly as it appears and follow the instructions on the screen. If you
cannot resolve the problem, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
NOTE: The Service Tag for your computer is located at the top of each test screen.
When contacting Dell support, have your Service Tag ready.
110
Troubleshooting
The following tabs provide additional information for tests run from the
Custom Test or Symptom Tree option:
Tab
Function
Results
Displays the results of the test and any error conditions
encountered.
Errors
Displays error conditions encountered, error codes, and the
problem description.
Help
Describes the test and any requirements for running the test.
Configuration
Displays your hardware configuration for the selected device.
The Dell Diagnostics obtains configuration information for all
devices from system setup, memory, and various internal tests,
and it displays the information in the device list in the left
pane of the screen. The device list may not display the names
of all the components installed on your computer or all devices
attached to your computer.
Parameters
Allows you to customize the test by changing the test settings.
Dell Support Center
The Dell Support Center helps you find the service, support and system-specific
information you need. For more information about Dell Support Center and
available support tools, click the Services tab at support.dell.com.
Systems purchased on June 26, 2007 and later are pre-installed with
Dell Support Center. Click on the desktop icon
and select the area of
assistance you require.
For computers purchased prior to June 26, 2007, you can download Dell
Support Center from the Services page at support.dell.com.
Click the Dell Support Center icon
on your computer’s desktop to run
the application and to access the following features:
•
Self-help tools such as, Dell Support 3, Dell PC Tune-Up, Dell PC
CheckUp, and Network Assistant
•
DellConnect for remote, real-time, technical support
Troubleshooting
111
•
Dell support contact information including e-mail and online chat
addresses as well as telephone numbers
•
Resources specific to your computer are available under Drivers &
Downloads, Upgrades and System Information
The top of the Dell Support Center home page displays your computer’s
model number along with its Service Tag, Express Service code, and warranty
expiration details. When permissions are given to Dell to use your Service
Tag, additional details about your computer, such as available memory, disk
space, installed hardware, network addresses, modem specifications, installed
security software, and much more are provided. In addition, using your
Service Tag, Dell can link you to the most relevant www.dell.com web pages
for information about your warranty, ordering accessories and details about
installing recommended drivers and downloads.
Dell Support 3
The Dell Support 3 is customized for your computing environment. This
utility provides self-support information, software updates, and health scans
for your computer. Use this utility for the following functions:
•
Check your computing environment
•
View the Dell Support 3 settings
•
Access the Dell Support 3 help file
•
View frequently asked questions
•
Learn more about Dell Support 3
•
Turn Dell Support 3 off
For more information about Dell Support 3, click the question mark (?) at the
top of the Dell Support 3 window.
To access Dell Support 3:
•
Click the Dell Support 3 icon
Windows desktop.
NOTE: The
in the notification area of your
icon functions vary depending on whether you click, doubleclick, or right-click the icon.
or
112
Troubleshooting
•
Click the Microsoft® Windows Vista® Start button
→All Programs→
Dell Support 3→Dell Support Settings. Ensure that the Show icon on
the taskbar option is checked.
NOTE: If Dell Support 3 is not available from the Start menu, go to
support.dell.com and download the software.
Dell PC Tune-Up
The automated or monthly version of Dell PC Tune-Up allows you to choose
the day and time of the month you want your computer "tuned up". A typical
tune-up includes hard drive defragmentation, removal of unwanted and
temporary files, updated security settings, verification of "good" restore points,
and other maintenance activities designed to improve computer performance
and security. The monthly version is available as an annual subscription and is a
feature of Dell Support 3, a complimentary application that provides real-time
health scans and information on how to maintain your computer (see "Dell
Support 3" on page 112).
Both versions of PC Tune-Up are available to customers in the U.S. and
Canada. For the latest updates and to learn how to keep your computer
running at peak performance, search for the keyword PC TuneUp on
support.dell.com.
Dell PC CheckUp
Dell PC Checkup is a troubleshooting and diagnostic tool that provides
customized scanning and testing of your Dell computer. PC Checkup verifies
whether your hardware is working properly and provides automated fixes for
common configuration concerns. It is recommended that you run PC
Checkup on a regular basis or before contacting Dell for assistance. The
application creates a detailed report that Dell technicians can use to resolve
your issue quickly.
Dell Network Assistant
Designed specifically for users of Dell™ computers, the Dell Network
Assistant helps simplify the setup, monitoring, troubleshooting, and repair of
your network.
Troubleshooting
113
The Dell Network Assistant provides the following features:
•
Consolidated setup, alerting, and device status
•
Simplified tracking of networked devices through a visual display of
network status
•
Proactive troubleshooting and repair of network problems
•
Tutorials, setup wizards, and frequently asked questions (FAQs) to
enhance understanding of networking principles
To access Dell Network Assistant:
1 Click the Dell Support Center icon
on your computer’s desktop.
2 Click Self Help→Network / Internet→Network Management.
DellConnect
DellConnect is a simple online access tool that allows a Dell service and
support associate to access your computer through an Internet connection,
diagnose the problem and repair it. The associate works with your permission
under your supervision, and you can work with Dell’s associate during the
troubleshooting session.
To use this service, you must have an Internet connection and your Dell
computer must be under warranty. DellConnect is also available for a fee
through "Dell On Call."
To begin a live session with a Dell associate:
1 Click the Dell Support Center icon
on your computer’s desktop.
Click Assistance From Dell→Technical Support→DellConnect→Phone
and follow the instructions.
Drive Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
ENSURE THAT MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® RECOGNIZES THE DRIVE —
Windows XP
Click Start→My Computer.
114
Troubleshooting
Windows Vista®
Click Start
→Computer.
If the drive is not listed, perform a full scan with your antivirus software to
check for and remove viruses. Viruses can sometimes prevent Windows from
recognizing the drive.
TE S T T H E D R I V E —
•
Insert another floppy disk, CD, or DVD to eliminate the possibility that
the original media is defective.
•
Insert a bootable floppy disk and restart the computer.
C L E A N T H E D R I V E O R D I S K — See "Cleaning Your Computer" on page 206.
E N S U R E T H A T T H E C D O R DVD M E D I A I S S N A P P E D O N T O T H E S P I N D L E
CHECK THE CABLE CONNECTIONS
C H E C K F O R H A R D W A R E I N C O M P A T I B I L I T I E S — See "Troubleshooting Software
and Hardware Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and Microsoft
Windows Vista® Operating Systems" on page 143.
R U N T H E D E L L D I A G N O S T I C S — See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107.
Optical drive problems
NOTE: High-speed optical drive vibration is normal and may cause noise, which
does not indicate a defect in the drive or the media.
NOTE: Because of different regions worldwide and different disc formats, not all
DVD titles work in all DVD drives.
Problems writing to a CD-RW, DVD+/-RW, or BD-RE drive
C L O S E O T H E R P R O G R A M S — CD-RW, DVD+/-RW, and BD-RE drives must
receive a steady stream of data when writing. If the stream is interrupted, an
error occurs. Try closing all programs before you write to the drive.
TU R N O F F S L E E P S T A T E I N W I N D O W S B E F O R E W R I T I N G T O A C D / D V D / B D
D I S C — See "Standby and Sleep Mode" on page 56 for information on Sleep
state.
C H A N G E T H E W R I T E S P E E D T O A S L O W E R R A T E — See the help files for your
CD, DVD, or BD creation software.
Troubleshooting
115
The drive tray cannot eject
1 Ensure that the computer is shut down.
2 Straighten a paper clip and insert one end into the eject hole at the front
of the drive, then push firmly until the tray is partially ejected.
3 Gently pull out the tray until it stops.
The drive makes an unfamiliar scraping or grinding sound
•
Ensure that the sound is not caused by the program that is running.
•
Ensure that the disc is inserted properly.
Hard drive problems
A L L O W T H E C O M P U T E R T O C O O L B E F O R E T U R N I N G I T O N — A hot hard drive may
prevent the operating system from starting. Try allowing the computer to
return to room temperature before turning it on.
RUN CHECK DISK —
Windows XP
1 Click Start and click My Computer.
2 Right-click Local Disk C:.
3 Click Properties→Tools→Check Now.
4 Click Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors and click Start.
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
and click Computer.
2 Right-click Local Disk C:.
3 Click Properties→Tools→Check Now.
The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to continue the desired action.
4 Follow the instructions on the screen.
116
Troubleshooting
E-Mail, Modem, and Internet Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTE: Connect the modem to an analog telephone jack only. The modem does not
operate while it is connected to a digital telephone network.
CHECK THE MICROSOFT OUTLOOK® EXPRESS/WINDOWS MAIL SECURITY
S E T T I N G S — If you cannot open your e-mail attachments:
1 In Outlook Express/Windows Mail, click Tools, click Options, and then
click Security.
2 Click Do not allow attachments to remove the checkmark.
CHECK THE TELEPHONE LINE CONNECTION
CHECK THE TELEPHONE JACK
CONNECT THE MODEM DIRECTLY TO THE TELEPHONE WALL JACK
USE A DIFFERENT TELEPHONE LINE
•
Verify that the telephone line is connected to the jack on the modem
(the jack has either a green label or a connector-shaped icon next to it).
•
Ensure that you hear a click when you insert the telephone line connector
into the modem.
•
Disconnect the telephone line from the modem and connect it to a
telephone, then listen for a dial tone.
•
If you have other telephone devices sharing the line, such as an answering
machine, fax machine, surge protector, or line splitter, then bypass them
and connect the modem directly to the telephone wall jack. If you are
using a line that is 3 m (10 ft) or more in length, try a shorter one.
R U N T H E M O D E M D I A G N O S T I C TO O L —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→All Programs→Modem Helper.
2 Follow the instructions on the screen to identify and resolve modem
problems. Modem Helper is not available on certain computers.
Troubleshooting
117
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
→All Programs→Modem Diagnostic Tool.
2 Follow the instructions on the screen to identify and resolve modem
problems. Modem diagnostics are not available on all computers.
VE R I F Y T H A T T H E M O D E M I S C O M M U N I C A T I N G W I T H W I N D O W S —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Phone and
Modem Options→Modems.
2 Click the COM port for your modem→Properties→Diagnostics→Query
Modem to verify that the modem is communicating with Windows.
If all commands receive responses, the modem is operating properly.
Windows Vista
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Phone and
1 Click Start
Modem Options→Modems.
2 Click the COM port for your modem→Properties→Diagnostics→Query
Modem to verify that the modem is communicating with Windows.
If all commands receive responses, the modem is operating properly.
E N S U R E T H A T Y O U A R E C O N N E C T E D T O T H E I N T E R N E T — Ensure that you have
subscribed to an Internet service provider. With the Outlook Express/Windows
mail e-mail program open, click File. If Work Offline has a checkmark next to
it, click the checkmark to remove it, and then connect to the Internet. For
help, contact your Internet service provider.
S C A N T H E C O M P U T E R F O R S P Y W A R E — If you are experiencing slow computer
performance, you frequently receive pop-up advertisements, or you are having
problems connecting to the Internet, your computer might be infected with
spyware. Use an anti-virus program that includes anti-spyware protection
(your program may require an upgrade) to scan the computer and remove
spyware. For more information, go to support.dell.com and search for the
keyword spyware.
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Troubleshooting
Error Messages
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
If the message is not listed, see the documentation for the operating system
or the program that was running when the message appeared.
A U X I L I A R Y D E V I C E F A I L U R E — The touch pad or external mouse may be faulty.
For an external mouse, check the cable connection. Enable the Pointing
Device option in the system setup program (see "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 203). If the problem persists, contact Dell (see "Contacting
Dell" on page 192).
B A D C O M M A N D O R F I L E N A M E — Ensure that you have spelled the command
correctly, put spaces in the proper place, and used the correct pathname.
C A C H E D I S A B L E D D U E T O F A I L U R E — The primary cache internal to the
microprocessor has failed. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
CD D R I V E C O N T R O L L E R F A I L U R E — The CD drive does not respond to
commands from the computer (see "Drive Problems" on page 114).
D A T A E R R O R — The hard drive cannot read the data (see "Drive Problems" on
page 114).
D E C R E A S I N G A V A I L A B L E M E M O R Y — One or more memory modules may be
faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory modules and, if necessary,
replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
D I S K C : F A I L E D I N I T I A L I Z A T I O N — The hard drive failed initialization. Run the
hard drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
D R I V E N O T R E A D Y — The operation requires a hard drive in the bay before it
can continue. Install a hard drive in the hard drive bay (see "Hard Drive" on
page 156).
E R R O R R E A D I N G P C M C I A C A R D — The computer cannot identify the
ExpressCard. Reinsert the card or try another card (see "Using ExpressCards"
on page 87).
E X T E N D E D M E M O R Y S I Z E H A S C H A N G E D — The amount of memory recorded in
NVRAM does not match the memory installed in the computer. Restart the
computer. If the error appears again, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192).
Troubleshooting
119
T H E F I L E B E I N G C O P I E D I S T O O L A R G E F O R T H E D E S T I N A T I O N D R I V E — The file
that you are trying to copy is too large to fit on the disk, or the disk is full. Try
copying the file to a different disk or use a larger capacity disk.
A FILENAME CANNOT CONTAIN ANY OF THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERS: \ / : * ? “ <
> | — Do not use these characters in filenames.
G A T E A 2 0 F A I L U R E — A memory module may be loose. Reinstall the memory
modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
G E N E R A L F A I L U R E — The operating system is unable to carry out the
command. The message is usually followed by specific information—for
example, Printer out of paper. Take the appropriate action.
H A R D - D I S K D R I V E C O N F I G U R A T I O N E R R O R — The computer cannot identify the
drive type. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive"
on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the
computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. Run the Hard
Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
H A R D - D I S K D R I V E C O N T R O L L E R F A I L U R E 0 — The hard drive does not respond
to commands from the computer. Shut down the computer, remove the hard
drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD.
Then, shut down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the
computer. If the problem persists, try another drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive
tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
H A R D - D I S K D R I V E F A I L U R E — The hard drive does not respond to commands
from the computer. Shut down the computer, remove the hard drive (see
"Hard Drive" on page 156), and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut
down the computer, reinstall the hard drive, and restart the computer. If the
problem persists, try another drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell
Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
H A R D - D I S K D R I V E R E A D F A I L U R E — The hard drive may be defective. Shut
down the computer, remove the hard drive (see "Hard Drive" on page 156),
and boot the computer from a CD. Then, shut down the computer, reinstall
the hard drive, and restart the computer. If the problem persists, try another
drive. Run the Hard Disk Drive tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell
Diagnostics" on page 107).
I N S E R T B O O T A B L E M E D I A — The operating system is trying to boot to
nonbootable media, such as a floppy disk or CD. Insert bootable media.
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Troubleshooting
I N V A L I D C O N F I G U R A T I O N I N F O R M A T I O N - P L E A S E R U N S YS T E M S E T U P
P R O G R A M — The system configuration information does not match the
hardware configuration. The message is most likely to occur after a memory
module is installed. Correct the appropriate options in the system setup
program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203).
K E Y B O A R D C L O C K L I N E F A I L U R E — For external keyboards, check the cable
connection. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see
"Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
K E Y B O A R D C O N T R O L L E R F A I L U R E — For external keyboards, check the cable
connection. Restart the computer, and avoid touching the keyboard or the
mouse during the boot routine. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell
Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
K E Y B O A R D D A T A L I N E F A I L U R E — For external keyboards, check the cable
connection. Run the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see
"Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
K E Y B O A R D S T U C K K E Y F A I L U R E — For external keyboards or keypads, check the
cable connection. Restart the computer, and avoid touching the keyboard or
keys during the boot routine. Run the Stuck Key test in the Dell Diagnostics
(see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
L I C E N S E D C O N T E N T I S N O T A C C E S S I B L E I N D E L L M E D I A D I R E C T — Dell
MediaDirect™ cannot verify the Digital Rights Management (DRM)
restrictions on the file, so the file cannot be played (see "Dell MediaDirect
problems" on page 128).
MEMORY ADDRESS LINE FAILURE AT ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE —
A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory
modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
M E M O R Y A L L O C A T I O N E R R O R — The software you are attempting to run is
conflicting with the operating system, another program, or a utility. Shut
down the computer, wait 30 seconds, and then restart it. Try to run the
program again. If the error message still appears, see the software
documentation.
MEMORY DATA LINE FAILURE AT ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A
memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory
modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
Troubleshooting
121
MEMORY DOUBLE WORD LOGIC FAILURE AT ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING
V A L U E — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the
memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
MEMORY ODD/EVEN LOGIC FAILURE AT ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING
V A L U E — A memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the
memory modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
MEMORY WRITE/READ FAILURE AT ADDRESS, READ VALUE EXPECTING VALUE — A
memory module may be faulty or improperly seated. Reinstall the memory
modules and, if necessary, replace them (see "Memory" on page 163).
N O B O O T D E V I C E A V A I L A B L E — The computer cannot find the hard drive. If
the hard drive is your boot device, ensure that the drive is installed, properly
seated, and partitioned as a boot device.
N O B O O T S E C T O R O N H A R D D R I V E — The operating system may be corrupted.
Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
N O T I M E R T I C K I N T E R R U P T — A chip on the system board may be
malfunctioning. Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell
Diagnostics" on page 107).
NOT ENOUGH MEMORY OR RESOURCES. EXIT SOME PROGRAMS AND TRY AGAIN —
You have too many programs open. Close all windows and open the program
that you want to use.
O P E R A T I N G S YS T E M N O T F O U N D — Reinstall the hard drive (see "Hard Drive"
on page 156). If the problem persists, contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192).
O P T I O N A L R O M B A D C H E C K S U M — The optional ROM has failed. Contact
Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
A R E Q U I R E D . D L L F I L E W A S N O T F O U N D — The program that you are trying to
open is missing an essential file. Remove and then reinstall the program.
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Add or Remove Programs→Programs and
Features.
2 Select the program you want to remove.
3 Click Uninstall.
4 See the program documentation for installation instructions.
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Troubleshooting
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
→Control Panel→Programs→Programs and Features.
2 Select the program you want to remove.
3 Click Uninstall.
4 See the program documentation for installation instructions.
S E C T O R N O T F O U N D — The operating system cannot locate a sector on the
hard drive. You may have a defective sector or corrupted FAT on the hard drive.
Run the Windows error-checking utility to check the file structure on the
hard drive. See Windows Help and Support for instructions (click Start
→
Help and Support). If a large number of sectors are defective, back up the
data (if possible), and then reformat the hard drive.
S E E K E R R O R — The operating system cannot find a specific track on the hard
drive.
S H U T D O W N F A I L U R E — A chip on the system board may be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on
page 107).
T I M E - O F - D A Y C L O C K L O S T P O W E R — System configuration settings are
corrupted. Connect your computer to an electrical outlet to charge the
battery. If the problem persists, try to restore the data by entering the system
setup program, then immediately exit the program (see "Using the System
Setup Program" on page 203). If the message reappears, contact Dell (see
"Contacting Dell" on page 192).
T I M E - O F - D A Y C L O C K S T O P P E D — The reserve battery that supports the system
configuration settings may require recharging. Connect your computer to an
electrical outlet to charge the battery. If the problem persists, contact Dell
(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
T I M E - O F - D A Y N O T S E T - P L E A S E R U N T H E S YS T E M S E T U P P R O G R A M — The time
or date stored in the system setup program does not match the system clock.
Correct the settings for the Date and Time options (see "Using the System
Setup Program" on page 203).
T I M E R C H I P C O U N T E R 2 F A I L E D — A chip on the system board may be
malfunctioning. Run the System Set tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell
Diagnostics" on page 107).
Troubleshooting
123
U N E X P E C T E D I N T E R R U P T I N P R O T E C T E D M O D E — The keyboard controller may
be malfunctioning, or a memory module may be loose. Run the System
Memory tests and the Keyboard Controller test in the Dell Diagnostics (see
"Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
X:\ IS NOT ACCESSIBLE.
T H E D E V I C E I S N O T R E A D Y — Insert a disk into the
drive and try again.
W A R N I N G : B A T T E R Y I S C R I T I C A L L Y L O W — The battery is running out of
charge. Replace the battery, or connect the computer to an electrical outlet;
otherwise, activate hibernate mode or shut down the computer.
ExpressCard Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
C H E C K T H E E X P R E S S C A R D — Ensure that the ExpressCard is properly inserted
into the connector.
C H E C K T H A T T H E C A R D I S R E C O G N I Z E D B Y W I N D O W S — Double-click the Safely
Remove Hardware icon in the Windows taskbar. Some cards do not support
this feature. If the card supports this Windows feature, the card will be listed.
I F Y O U H A V E P R O B L E M S W I T H A D E L L - P R O V I D E D E X P R E S S C A R D — Contact Dell
(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192). Also, for Mobile Broadband (WWAN)
ExpressCards, see "Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area Network
[WWAN])" on page 131.
IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH AN EXPRESSCARD NOT PROVIDED BY DELL —
Contact the ExpressCard manufacturer.
IEEE 1394 Device Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
E N S U R E T H A T T H E IEEE 1394 D E V I C E I S R E C O G N I Z E D B Y W I N D O W S —
Windows XP
Click Start and click Control Panel.
1 Under Pick a Category, click Performance and Maintenance→System→
System Properties→Hardware→Device Manager.
124
Troubleshooting
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound.
2 Click Device Manager.
If your IEEE 1394 device is listed, Windows recognizes the device.
I F Y O U H A V E P R O B L E M S W I T H A D E L L - P R O V I D E D IEEE 1394 D E V I C E — Contact
Dell or the IEEE 1394 device manufacturer (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
I F Y O U H A V E P R O B L E M S W I T H A N IEEE 1394 D E V I C E N O T P R O V I D E D B Y D E L L —
Contact Dell or the IEEE 1394 device manufacturer (see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192).
Ensure that the IEEE 1394 device is properly inserted into the connector.
Keyboard Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you perform the various
checks.
NOTE: Use the integrated keyboard when running the Dell Diagnostics or the
system setup program. When you attach an external keyboard, the integrated
keyboard remains fully functional.
External Keyboard problems
NOTE: When you attach an external keyboard, the integrated keyboard remains
fully functional.
C H E C K T H E K E Y B O A R D C A B L E — Shut down the computer, disconnect the
keyboard cable and check it for damage, then firmly reconnect the cable.
If you are using a keyboard extension cable, disconnect it and connect the
keyboard directly to the computer.
CHECK THE EXTERNAL KEYBOARD —
1 Shut down the computer, wait 1 minute, and then turn it on again.
2 Verify that the numbers, capitals, and scroll lock lights on the keyboard
blink during the boot routine.
Troubleshooting
125
3 From the Windows desktop, click Start
Accessories→Notepad.
→All Programs→
4 Type some characters on the external keyboard and verify that they appear
on the display.
If you cannot verify these steps, you may have a defective external
keyboard.
TO V E R I F Y T H A T T H E P R O B L E M I S W I T H T H E E X T E R N A L K E Y B O A R D , C H E C K T H E
INTEGRATED KEYBOARD —
1 Shut down the computer.
2 Disconnect the external keyboard.
3 Turn on the computer.
4 From the Windows desktop, click Start
Accessories→Notepad.
→All Programs→
5 Type some characters on the internal keyboard and verify that they appear
on the display.
If the characters appear now, but did not with the external keyboard, you
may have a defective external keyboard. Contact Dell (see "Contacting
Dell" on page 192).
R U N T H E K E Y B O A R D D I A G N O S T I C S T E S T S — Run the PC-AT Compatible
Keyboards tests in the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
If the tests indicate a defective external keyboard, contact Dell (see
"Contacting Dell" on page 192).
Unexpected characters
D I S A B L E T H E N U M E R I C K E Y P A D — Press <Num Lk> to disable the numeric
keypad if numbers are displayed instead of letters. Verify that the numbers
lock light is not lit.
126
Troubleshooting
Lockups and Software Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
The computer does not start
C H E C K T H E A C A D A P T E R — Ensure that the AC adapter is firmly connected to
the computer and to the electrical outlet.
The computer stops responding
NOTICE: You might lose data if you are unable to perform an operating system
shutdown.
TU R N T H E C O M P U T E R O F F — If you are unable to get a response by pressing a
key on your keyboard or moving your mouse, press and hold the power button
for at least 8 to 10 seconds until the computer turns off, then restart your
computer.
A program stops responding or crashes repeatedly
END THE PROGRAM —
1 Press <Crtl><Shift><Esc> simultaneously.
2 Click the Applications tab and select the program that is no longer
responding.
3 Click End Task.
NOTE: The chkdsk program may run when you restart the computer. Follow the
instructions on the screen.
C H E C K T H E S O F T W A R E D O C U M E N T A T I O N — If necessary, uninstall and then
reinstall the program. Software usually includes installation instructions in its
documentation or on a floppy disk or CD.
A program is designed for an earlier Microsoft® Windows®
operating system
RUN THE PROGRAM COMPATIBILITY WIZARD
Windows XP
The Program Compatibility Wizard configures a program so that it runs in an
environment similar to non-XP operating system environments.
Troubleshooting
127
1 Click Start→All Programs→Accessories→Program Compatibility
Wizard→Next.
2 Follow the instructions on the screen.
Windows Vista
The Program Compatibility Wizard configures a program so that it runs in an
environment similar to non-Windows Vista operating system environments.
1 Click Start
→Control Panel→Programs→Use an older program
with this version of Windows.
2 In the welcome screen, click Next.
Follow the instructions on the screen.
A solid blue screen appears
TU R N T H E C O M P U T E R O F F — If you are unable to get a response by pressing a
key on your keyboard or moving your mouse, press and hold the power button
for at least 8 to 10 seconds until the computer turns off, then restart your
computer.
Dell MediaDirect problems
C H E C K T H E D E L L M E D I A D I R E C T H E L P F I L E F O R I N F O R M A T I O N — Use the Help
menu to access Dell MediaDirect Help.
TO P L A Y M O V I E S W I T H D E L L M E D I A D I R E C T , Y O U M U S T H A V E A D V D D R I V E A N D
T H E D E L L D V D P L A Y E R — If you purchased a DVD drive with your computer,
this software should already be installed.
V I D E O Q U A L I T Y P R O B L E M S — Turn off the Use Hardware Acceleration option.
This feature takes advantage of the special processing in some graphics cards
to reduce processor requirements when playing DVDs and certain types of
video files.
C A N N O T P L A Y S O M E M E D I A F I L E S — Because Dell MediaDirect provides access
to media files outside the Windows operating system environment, access to
licensed content is restricted. Licensed content is digital content that has
Digital Rights Management (DRM) applied to it. The Dell MediaDirect
environment cannot verify the DRM restrictions, so the licensed files cannot
be played. Licensed music and video files have a lock icon next to them. You
can access licensed files in the Windows operating system environment.
128
Troubleshooting
ADJUSTING THE COLOR SETTINGS FOR MOVIES THAT CONTAIN SCENES THAT ARE
T O O D A R K O R T O O B R I G H T — Click EagleVision to use a video enhancement
technology that detects video content and dynamically adjusts the
brightness/contrast/saturation ratios.
NOTICE: You cannot reinstall the Dell MediaDirect feature if you voluntarily
reformat the hard drive. Contact Dell for assistance (see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192).
Other software problems
CHECK THE SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION OR CONTACT THE SOFTWARE
MANUFACTURER FOR TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION —
•
Ensure that the program is compatible with the operating system installed
on your computer.
•
Ensure that your computer meets the minimum hardware requirements
needed to run the software. See the software documentation for
information.
•
Ensure that the program is installed and configured properly.
•
Verify that the device drivers do not conflict with the program.
•
If necessary, uninstall and then reinstall the program.
BACK UP YOUR FILES IMMEDIATELY
USE A VIRUS-SCANNING PROGRAM TO CHECK THE HARD DRIVE, FLOPPY DISKS,
OR CDS
SAVE AND CLOSE ANY OPEN FILES OR PROGRAMS AND SHUT DOWN YOUR
COMPUTER THROUGH THE START MENU
S C A N T H E C O M P U T E R F O R S P Y W A R E — If you are experiencing slow computer
performance, you frequently receive pop-up advertisements, or you are having
problems connecting to the Internet, your computer might be infected with
spyware. Use an anti-virus program that includes anti-spyware protection
(your program may require an upgrade) to scan the computer and remove
spyware. For more information, go to support.dell.com and search for the
keyword spyware.
R U N T H E D E L L D I A G N O S T I C S — If all tests run successfully, the error condition
is related to a software problem (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
Troubleshooting
129
Memory Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
IF YOU RECEIVE AN INSUFFICIENT MEMORY MESSAGE —
•
Save and close any open files and exit any open programs you are not using
to see if that resolves the problem.
•
See the software documentation for minimum memory requirements. If
necessary, install additional memory (see "Memory" on page 163).
•
Reseat the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully
communicating with the memory (see "Memory" on page 163).
•
Run the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
IF YOU EXPERIENCE OTHER MEMORY PROBLEMS —
130
•
Reseat the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully
communicating with the memory (see "Memory" on page 163).
•
Ensure that you are following the memory installation guidelines (see
"Memory" on page 163).
•
Run the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
Troubleshooting
Network Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these
checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
C H E C K T H E N E T W O R K C A B L E C O N N E C T O R — Ensure that the network cable is
firmly inserted into both the network connector on the back of the computer
and the network jack.
C H E C K T H E N E T W O R K L I G H T S O N T H E N E T W O R K C O N N E C T O R — No light
indicates that no network communication exists. Replace the network cable.
RESTART THE COMPUTER AND LOG ON TO THE NETWORK AGAIN
C H E C K Y O U R N E T W O R K S E T T I N G S — Contact your network administrator or
the person who set up your network to verify that your network settings are
correct and that the network is functioning.
Mobile Broadband (Wireless Wide Area Network [WWAN])
NOTE: The Dell Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide and the Mobile
Broadband ExpressCard user’s guide are available through Windows Help and
Support (click Start
→Help and Support). You can also download the Dell
Mobile Broadband Card Utility user’s guide from support.dell.com.
NOTE: The
icon appears in the notification area if the computer has a Dell
WWAN device installed. Double-click the icon to launch the utility.
A C T I V A T E T H E M O B I L E B R O A D B A N D E X P R E S S C A R D — You must activate the
Mobile Broadband ExpressCard before you can connect to the network.
Position the mouse over the
icon in the notification area to verify the
status of the connection. If the card is not activated, follow the card
activation instructions located within the Dell Mobile Broadband Card
Utility. To access the utility, double-click the
icon located in the taskbar,
at the lower-right corner of your screen. If your ExpressCard is not a Dellbranded card, see the manufacturer’s instructions for your card.
Troubleshooting
131
CHECK NETWORK CONNECTION STATUS IN THE DELL MOBILE BROADBAND CARD
icon to launch the Dell Mobile Broadband
U T I L I T Y — Double-click the
Card Utility. Check the status in the main window:
•
No card detected — Restart the computer, and launch the Dell Mobile
Broadband Card Utility again.
•
Check your WWAN service — Contact your cellular service provider to
verify your plan coverage and supported services.
Power Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
C H E C K T H E P O W E R L I G H T — When the power light is lit or blinking, the
computer has power. If the power light is blinking, the computer is in Sleep
state—press the power button to exit Sleep state. If the light is off, press the
power button to turn on the computer.
NOTE: For information on Sleep power state, see "Standby and Sleep Mode" on
page 56.
C H A R G E T H E B A T T E R Y — The battery charge may be depleted.
1 Reinstall the battery.
2 Use the AC adapter to connect the computer to an electrical outlet.
3 Turn on the computer.
NOTE: Battery operating time (the time the battery can hold a charge) decreases
over time. Depending on how often the battery is used and the conditions under
which it is used, you may need to purchase a new battery during the life of your
computer.
C H E C K T H E B A T T E R Y S T A T U S L I G H T — If the battery status light flashes amber
or is a steady amber, the battery charge is low or depleted. Connect the
computer to an electrical outlet.
If the battery status light flashes blue and amber, the battery is too hot to
charge. Shut down the computer, disconnect the computer from the electrical
outlet, and then let the battery and computer cool to room temperature.
If the battery status light rapidly flashes amber, the battery may be defective.
Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
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Troubleshooting
C H E C K T H E B A T T E R Y T E M P E R A T U R E — If the battery temperature is below
0°C (32°F), the computer will not start.
TE S T T H E E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by
testing it with another device, such as a lamp.
C H E C K T H E A C A D A P T E R — Check the AC adapter cable connections. If the
AC adapter has a light, ensure that the light is on.
C O N N E C T T H E C O M P U T E R D I R E C T L Y T O A N E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Bypass power
protection devices, power strips, and extension cables to verify that the
computer turns on.
E L I M I N A T E P O S S I B L E I N T E R F E R E N C E — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights,
halogen lamps, or other appliances.
A D J U S T T H E P O W E R P R O P E R T I E S — See "Power Management Modes" on
page 56.
R E S E A T T H E M E M O R Y M O D U L E S — If the computer power light turns on, but
the display remains blank, reinstall the memory modules (see "Memory" on
page 163).
Printer Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTE: If you need technical assistance for your printer, contact the printer’s
manufacturer.
C H E C K T H E P R I N T E R D O C U M E N T A T I O N — See the printer documentation for
setup and troubleshooting information.
ENSURE THAT THE PRINTER IS TURNED ON
CHECK THE PRINTER CABLE CONNECTIONS —
•
See the printer documentation for cable connection information.
•
Ensure that the printer cables are securely connected to the printer and
the computer.
TE S T T H E E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by
testing it with another device, such as a lamp.
Troubleshooting
133
VE R I F Y T H A T T H E P R I N T E R I S R E C O G N I Z E D B Y W I N D O W S —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→
View installed printers or fax printers.
2 If the printer is listed, right-click the printer icon.
3 Click Properties→Ports. For a parallel printer, ensure that the Print to the
following port(s): setting is LPT1 (Printer Port). For a USB printer, ensure
that the Print to the following port(s): setting is USB.
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Printer.
2 If the printer is listed, right-click the printer icon.
3 Click Properties and click Ports.
4 Adjust the settings, as needed.
R E I N S T A L L T H E P R I N T E R D R I V E R — See the printer documentation for
instructions.
Scanner Problems
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTE: If you need technical assistance for your scanner, contact the scanner’s
manufacturer.
C H E C K T H E S C A N N E R D O C U M E N T A T I O N — See the scanner documentation for
setup and troubleshooting information.
U N L O C K T H E S C A N N E R — Ensure that your scanner is unlocked.
RESTART THE COMPUTER AND TRY THE SCANNER AGAIN
CHECK THE CABLE CONNECTIONS —
134
•
See the scanner documentation for cable connection information.
•
Ensure that the scanner cables are securely connected to the scanner and
the computer.
Troubleshooting
VE R I F Y T H A T T H E S C A N N E R I S R E C O G N I Z E D B Y M I C R O S O F T W I N D O W S —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Scanners
and Cameras.
2 If your scanner is listed, Windows recognizes the scanner.
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
Cameras.
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Scanners and
2 If the scanner is listed, Windows recognizes the scanner.
R E I N S T A L L T H E S C A N N E R D R I V E R — See the scanner documentation for
instructions.
Sound and Speaker Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
No sound from integrated speakers
A D J U S T T H E W I N D O W S V O L U M E C O N T R O L — Double-click the speaker icon in
the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned up and
that the sound is not muted. Adjust the volume, bass, or treble controls to
eliminate distortion.
A D J U S T T H E V O L U M E U S I N G K E Y B O A R D S H O R T C U T S — Press <Fn><End> to
disable (mute) or re-enable the integrated speakers.
R E I N S T A L L T H E S O U N D ( A U D I O ) D R I V E R — See "Reinstalling Drivers and
Utilities" on page 140.
No sound from external speakers
E N S U R E T H A T T H E S U B W O O F E R A N D T H E S P E A K E R S A R E T U R N E D O N — See the
setup diagram supplied with the speakers. If your speakers have volume
controls, adjust the volume, bass, or treble to eliminate distortion.
A D J U S T T H E W I N D O W S V O L U M E C O N T R O L — Click or double-click the speaker
icon in the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned
up and that the sound is not muted.
Troubleshooting
135
D I S C O N N E C T H E A D P H O N E S F R O M T H E H E A D P H O N E C O N N E C T O R — Sound from
the speakers is automatically disabled when headphones are connected to the
headphone connector.
TE S T T H E E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by
testing it with another device, such as a lamp.
E L I M I N A T E P O S S I B L E I N T E R F E R E N C E — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights,
or halogen lamps to check for interference.
R E I N S T A L L T H E A U D I O D R I V E R — See "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on
page 140.
R U N T H E D E L L D I A G N O S T I C S — See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107.
NOTE: The volume control in some MP3 players overrides the Windows volume
setting. If you have been listening to MP3 songs, ensure that you did not turn the
player volume down or off.
No sound from headphones
C H E C K T H E H E A D P H O N E C A B L E C O N N E C T I O N — Ensure that the headphone
cable is securely inserted into the headphone connector (see "audio
connectors" on page 28).
A D J U S T T H E W I N D O W S V O L U M E C O N T R O L — Click or double-click the speaker
icon in the lower-right corner of your screen. Ensure that the volume is turned
up and that the sound is not muted.
Touch Pad or Mouse Problems
CHECK THE TOUCH PAD SETTINGS —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Printers and Other Hardware→Mouse.
2 Try adjusting the settings.
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→Mouse.
2 Adjust the settings, as needed.
136
Troubleshooting
C H E C K T H E M O U S E C A B L E — Shut down the computer, disconnect the mouse
cable and check it for damage, then firmly reconnect the cable.
If you are using a mouse extension cable, disconnect it and connect the
mouse directly to the computer.
TO V E R I F Y T H A T T H E P R O B L E M I S W I T H T H E M O U S E , C H E C K T H E T O U C H P A D —
1 Shut down the computer.
2 Disconnect the mouse.
3 Turn on the computer.
4 At the Windows desktop, use the touch pad to move the cursor around,
select an icon, and open it.
If the touch pad operates correctly, the mouse may be defective.
C H E C K T H E S YS T E M S E T U P P R O G R A M S E T T I N G S — Verify that the system setup
program lists the correct device for the pointing device option (the computer
automatically recognizes a USB mouse without making any setting
adjustments).
TE S T T H E M O U S E C O N T R O L L E R — To test the mouse controller (which affects
pointer movement) and the operation of the touch pad or mouse buttons,
run the Mouse test in the Pointing Devices test group in the "Dell
Diagnostics" on page 107.
R E I N S T A L L T H E T O U C H P A D D R I V E R — See "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities"
on page 140.
Video and Display Problems
Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191 as you complete these checks.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
If the display is blank
NOTE: If you are using a program that requires a higher resolution than your
computer supports, it is recommended that you attach an external monitor to your
computer.
Troubleshooting
137
C H E C K T H E B A T T E R Y — If you are using a battery to power your computer, the
battery charge may be depleted. Connect the computer to an electrical outlet
using the AC adapter, and then turn on the computer.
TE S T T H E E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by
testing it with another device, such as a lamp.
C H E C K T H E AC A D A P T E R — Check the AC adapter cable connections. If the
AC adapter has a light, ensure that the light is on.
C O N N E C T T H E C O M P U T E R D I R E C T L Y T O A N E L E C T R I C A L O U T L E T — Bypass power
protection devices, power strips, and extension cables to verify that the
computer turns on.
A D J U S T T H E P O W E R P R O P E R T I E S — Search for the keyword sleep in Windows
Help and Support.
S W I T C H T H E V I D E O I M A G E — If your computer is attached to an external
monitor, press <Fn><F8> to switch the video image to the display.
If the display is difficult to read
A D J U S T T H E B R I G H T N E S S — Press <Fn> and the up- or down-arrow key.
M O V E T H E E X T E R N A L S U B W O O F E R A W A Y F R O M T H E C O M P U T E R O R M O N I T O R — If
your external speaker system includes a subwoofer, ensure that the subwoofer
is at least 60 cm (2 ft) away from the computer or external monitor.
E L I M I N A T E P O S S I B L E I N T E R F E R E N C E — Turn off nearby fans, fluorescent lights,
halogen lamps, or other appliances.
R O T A T E T H E C O M P U T E R T O F A C E A D I F F E R E N T D I R E C T I O N — Eliminate sunlight
glare, which can cause poor picture quality.
ADJUST THE WINDOWS DISPLAY SETTINGS —
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Appearance and Themes.
2 Click the area you want to change or click the Display icon.
3 Try different settings for Color quality and Screen resolution.
Windows Vista
→Control Panel→Hardware and Sound→
1 Click Start
Personalization→Display Settings.
2 Adjust Resolution and Colors settings, as needed.
138
Troubleshooting
R U N T H E V I D E O D I A G N O S T I C S T E S T S — If no error message appears and you
still have a display problem, but the display is not completely blank, run the
Video device group in the "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107, then contact Dell
(see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
S E E "E R R O R M E S S A G E S " — If an error message appears, see "Error Messages"
on page 119.
If only part of the display is readable
CONNECT AN EXTERNAL MONITOR —
1 Shut down your computer and connect an external monitor to the computer.
2 Turn on the computer and the monitor, and then adjust the monitor
brightness and contrast controls.
If the external monitor works, the computer display or video controller
may be defective. Contact Dell (see "Contacting Dell" on page 192).
Drivers
What Is a Driver?
A driver is a program that controls a device such as a printer, mouse, or
keyboard. All devices require a driver program.
A driver acts like a translator between the device and any other programs that
use the device. Each device has its own set of specialized commands that only
its driver recognizes.
Dell ships your computer to you with required drivers already installed—no
further installation or configuration is needed.
NOTICE: Your Drivers and Utilities media may contain drivers for operating systems
that are not on your computer. Ensure that you are installing software appropriate
for your operating system.
Many drivers, such as the keyboard driver, come with your Microsoft® Windows®
operating system. You may need to install drivers if you:
•
Upgrade your operating system.
•
Reinstall your operating system.
•
Connect or install a new device.
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139
Identifying Drivers
If you experience a problem with any device, identify whether the driver is the
source of your problem and, if necessary, update the driver.
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Control Panel.
2 Under Pick a Category, click Performance and Maintenance, and click System.
3 In the System Properties window, click the Hardware tab, and click
Device Manager.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista start button
, and right-click Computer.
2 Click Properties→Device Manager.
NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to continue.
NOTE: Scroll down the list of devices and check for an exclamation point (a circle
with a [!]) next to the device name. If an exclamation point is next to the device
name, you may need to reinstall the driver or install a new driver (see "Reinstalling
Drivers and Utilities" on page 140).
Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities
NOTICE: The Dell Support website at support.dell.com and your Drivers and
Utilities media provide approved drivers for Dell computers. If you install drivers
obtained from other sources, your computer might not work correctly.
Using Windows Device Driver Rollback
If a problem occurs on your computer after you install or update a driver, use
Windows Device Driver Rollback to replace the driver with the previously
installed version.
Windows XP
1 Click Start→My Computer→Properties→Hardware→Device Manager.
2 Right-click the device for which the new driver was installed and click Properties.
3 Click the Drivers tab→Roll Back Driver.
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Troubleshooting
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista start button
, and right-click Computer.
2 Click Properties→Device Manager.
NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to enter the Device Manager.
3 Right-click the device for which the new driver was installed and click
Properties.
4 Click the Drivers tab→Roll Back Driver.
If Device Driver Rollback does not resolve the problem, use System Restore
(see "Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144) to return your computer
to the operating state that existed before you installed the new driver.
Using the Drivers and Utilities Media
If using Device Driver Rollback or System Restore (see "Restoring Your
Operating System" on page 144) does not resolve the problem, reinstall the
driver from your Drivers and Utilities media.
1 With the Windows desktop displayed, insert your Drivers and Utilities media.
If this is your first time to use your Drivers and Utilities media, continue
to step 2. If not, proceed to step 5.
2 When the Drivers and Utilities installation program starts, follow the
prompts on the screen.
NOTE: In most cases, the Drivers and Utilities program starts running
automatically. If it does not, start Windows Explorer, click your media drive
directory to display the media contents, and then double-click the autorcd.exe file.
3 When the InstallShield Wizard Complete window appears, remove the
Drivers and Utilities disc and click Finish to restart the computer.
4 When you see the Windows desktop, reinsert the Drivers and Utilities disc.
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141
5 At the Welcome Dell System Owner screen, click Next.
NOTE: The Drivers and Utilities program displays drivers only for hardware
that came installed in your computer. If you installed additional hardware, the
drivers for the new hardware might not be displayed. If those drivers are not
displayed, exit the Drivers and Utilities program. For drivers information, see
the documentation that came with the device.
A message stating that the Drivers and Utilities program is detecting
hardware in your computer appears.
The drivers that are used by your computer are automatically displayed in
the My Drivers—The ResourceCD has identified these components in
your system window.
6 Click the driver that you want to reinstall and follow the instructions on
the screen.
If a particular driver is not listed, then that driver is not required by your
operating system.
Manually Reinstalling Drivers
NOTE: If your computer has a Consumer IR port and you are reinstalling a
Consumer IR driver, you must first enable the Consumer IR port in the system setup
program (see "Using the System Setup Program" on page 203) before continuing
with the driver installation (see "Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140).
For information about components installed on your computer, see "Determining
Your Computer’s Configuration" on page 21.
After extracting the driver files to your hard drive, as described in the
previous section:
Windows XP
1 Click Start→My Computer→Properties→Hardware→Device Manager.
2 Double-click the type of device for which you are installing the driver (for
example, Audio or Video).
3 Double-click the name of the device for which you are installing the driver.
4 Click the Driver tab→Update Driver.
5 Click Install from a list or specific location (Advanced)→Next.
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Troubleshooting
6 Click Browse and browse to the location to which you previously copied
the driver files.
7 When the name of the appropriate driver appears, click Next.
8 Click Finish and restart your computer.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista start button
, and right-click Computer.
2 Click Properties→Device Manager.
NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to enter the Device Manager.
3 Double-click the type of device for which you are installing the driver (for
example, Audio or Video).
4 Double-click the name of the device for which you are installing the driver.
5 Click the Driver tab→Update Driver→Browse my computer for driver
software.
6 Click Browse and browse to the location to which you previously copied
the driver files.
7 When the name of the appropriate driver appears, click the name of the
driver→OK→Next.
8 Click Finish and restart your computer.
Troubleshooting Software and Hardware
Problems in the Microsoft® Windows® XP and
Microsoft Windows Vista® Operating Systems
If a device is either not detected during the operating system setup or is
detected but incorrectly configured, use Windows Vista Help and Support to
resolve the incompatibility:
If a device is either not detected during the operating system setup or is
detected but incorrectly configured, you can use the Hardware
Troubleshooter to resolve the incompatibility.
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143
To start the Hardware Troubleshooter:
Windows XP
1 Click Start→Help and Support.
2 Type hardware troubleshooter in the search field and press
<Enter> to start the search.
3 In the Fix a Problem section, click Hardware Troubleshooter.
4 In the Hardware Troubleshooter list, select the option that best describes
the problem and click Next to follow the remaining troubleshooting steps.
Windows Vista
1 Click the Windows Vista start button
, and click Help and Support.
2 Type hardware troubleshooter in the search field and press
<Enter> to start the search.
3 In the search results, select the option that best describes the problem and
follow the remaining troubleshooting steps.
Restoring Your Operating System
You can restore your operating system in the following ways:
144
•
Microsoft Windows Vista System Restore returns your computer to an earlier
operating state without affecting data files. Use System Restore as the first
solution for restoring your operating system and preserving data files. For
instructions, see "Using Microsoft Windows System Restore" on page 145.
•
Dell PC Restore by Symantec (available in Windows XP) and Dell Factory
Image Restore (available in Windows Vista) returns your hard drive to the
operating state it was in when you purchased the computer. Both
permanently delete all data on the hard drive and remove any programs
installed after you received the computer. Use Dell PC Restore or Dell
Factory Image Restore only if System Restore did not resolve your
operating system problem.
•
If you received Operating System media with your computer, you can use it
to restore your operating system. However, using the Operating System
media also deletes all data on the hard drive. Use the media only if System
Restore did not resolve your operating system problem. For instructions,
see "Using the Operating System Media" on page 150.
Troubleshooting
Using Microsoft Windows System Restore
The Windows operating system provides System Restore to allow you to
return your computer to an earlier operating state (without affecting data
files) if changes to the hardware, software, or other system settings have left
the computer in an undesirable operating state. Any changes that System
Restore makes to your computer are completely reversible.
NOTICE: Make regular backups of your data files. System Restore does not
monitor your data files or recover them.
NOTE: The procedures in this document were written for the Windows default view,
so they may not apply if you set your Dell computer to the Windows Classic view.
1 Click Start
→Help and Support.
2 Type System Restore in the search field, then press <Enter>.
NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to continue the desired action.
3 Click Next and follow the remaining prompts on the screen.
In the event that System Restore did not resolve the issue, you may undo the
last system restore.
Starting System Restore
Windows XP
NOTICE: Before you restore the computer to an earlier operating state, save and
close any open files and exit any open programs. Do not alter, open, or delete any
files or programs until the system restoration is complete.
1 Click Start→All Programs→Accessories→System Tools→System Restore.
2 Click either Restore my computer to an earlier time or Create a restore point.
3 Click Next and follow the remaining on-screen prompts.
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145
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
.
2 In the Start Search box, type System Restore and press <Enter>.
NOTE: The User Account Control window may appear. If you are an
administrator on the computer, click Continue; otherwise, contact your
administrator to continue the desired action.
3 Click Next and follow the remaining prompts on the screen.
In the event that System Restore did not resolve the issue, you may undo the
last system restore.
Undoing the Last System Restore
NOTICE: Before you undo the last system restore, save and close all open files and
exit any open programs. Do not alter, open, or delete any files or programs until the
system restoration is complete.
Windows XP
1 Click Start→All Programs→Accessories→System Tools→System Restore.
2 Click Undo my last restoration and click Next.
Windows Vista
1 Click Start
.
2 In the Start Search box, type System Restore and press <Enter>.
3 Click Undo my last restoration and click Next.
Enabling System Restore
NOTE: Windows Vista does not disable System Restore; regardless of low disk
space. Therefore, the steps below apply only to Windows XP.
If you reinstall Windows XP with less than 200 MB of free hard-disk space
available, System Restore is automatically disabled.
To see if System Restore is enabled:
1 Click Start→Control Panel→Performance and Maintenance→System.
2 Click the System Restore tab and ensure that Turn off System Restore is
unchecked.
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Troubleshooting
Using Dell™ PC Restore and Dell Factory Image Restore
NOTICE: Using Dell PC Restore or Dell Factory Image Restore permanently deletes
all data on the hard drive and removes any programs or drivers installed after you
received your computer. If possible, back up the data before using these options.
Use PC Restore or Dell Factory Image Restore only if System Restore did not resolve
your operating system problem.
NOTE: Dell PC Restore by Symantec and Dell Factory Image Restore may not be
available in certain countries or on certain computers.
Use Dell PC Restore (Windows XP) or Dell Factory Image Restore
(Windows Vista) only as the last method to restore your operating system.
These options restore your hard drive to the operating state it was in when you
purchased the computer. Any programs or files added since you received your
computer—including data files—are permanently deleted from the hard drive.
Data files include documents, spreadsheets, e-mail messages, digital photos,
music files, and so on. If possible, back up all data before using PC Restore or
Factory Image Restore.
Dell PC Restore
Using PC Restore:
1 Turn on the computer.
During the boot process, a blue bar with www.dell.com appears at the top
of the screen.
2 Immediately upon seeing the blue bar, press <Ctrl><F11>.
If you do not press <Ctrl><F11> in time, let the computer finish
starting, and then restart the computer again.
NOTICE: If you do not want to proceed with PC Restore, click Reboot.
3 Click Restore and click Confirm.
The restore process takes approximately 6 to 10 minutes to complete.
4 When prompted, click Finish to reboot the computer.
NOTE: Do not manually shut down the computer. Click Finish and let the computer
completely reboot.
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147
5 When prompted, click Yes.
The computer restarts. Because the computer is restored to its original
operating state, the screens that appear, such as the End User License
Agreement, are the same ones that appeared the first time the computer
was turned on.
6 Click Next.
The System Restore screen appears and the computer restarts.
7 After the computer restarts, click OK.
Removing PC Restore:
NOTICE: Removing Dell PC Restore from the hard drive permanently deletes the PC
Restore utility from your computer. After you have removed Dell PC Restore, you will
not be able to use it to restore your computer operating system.
Dell PC Restore enables you to restore your hard drive to the operating state
it was in when you purchased your computer. It is recommended that you do
not remove PC Restore from your computer, even to gain additional hard-drive
space. If you remove PC Restore from the hard drive, you cannot ever recall it,
and you will never be able to use PC Restore to return your computer
operating system to its original state.
1 Log on to the computer as a local administrator.
2 In Microsoft Windows Explorer, go to c:\dell\utilities\DSR.
3 Double-click the filename DSRIRRemv2.exe.
NOTE: If you do not log on as a local administrator, a message appears
stating that you must log on as administrator. Click Quit, and then log on as a
local administrator.
NOTE: If the partition for PC Restore does not exist on your computer hard
drive, a message appears stating that the partition was not found. Click Quit;
there is no partition to delete.
4 Click OK to remove the PC Restore partition on the hard drive.
5 Click Yes when a confirmation message appears.
The PC Restore partition is deleted and the newly available disk space is
added to the free space allocation on the hard drive.
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Troubleshooting
6 Right-click Local Disk (C) in Windows Explorer, click Properties, and
verify that the additional disk space is available as indicated by the
increased value for Free Space.
7 Click Finish to close the PC Restore Removal window and restart the
computer.
Windows Vista: Dell Factory Image Restore
1 Turn on the computer. When the Dell logo appears, press <F8> several
times to access the Vista Advanced Boot Options Window.
2 Select Repair Your Computer.
The System Recovery Options window appears.
3 Select a keyboard layout and click Next.
4 To access the recovery options, log on as a local user. To access the
command prompt, type administrator in the User name field, then
click OK.
5 Click Dell Factory Image Restore.
NOTE: Depending upon your configuration, you may need to select
Dell Factory Tools, then Dell Factory Image Restore.
The Dell Factory Image Restore welcome screen appears.
6 Click Next.
The Confirm Data Deletion screen appears.
NOTICE: If you do not want to proceed with Factory Image Restore, click Cancel.
7 Click the checkbox to confirm that you want to continue reformatting the
hard drive and restoring the system software to the factory condition, then
click Next.
The restore process begins and may take five or more minutes to complete.
A message appears when the operating system and factory-installed
applications have been restored to factory condition.
8 Click Finish to reboot the system.
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149
Using the Operating System Media
Before You Begin
If you are considering reinstalling the Windows operating system to correct a
problem with a newly installed driver, first try using Windows Device Driver
Rollback (see "Using Windows Device Driver Rollback" on page 140).
If Device Driver Rollback does not resolve the problem, then use System
Restore to return your operating system to the operating state it was in before
you installed the new device driver (see "Using Microsoft Windows System
Restore" on page 145).
NOTICE: Before performing the installation, back up all data files on your primary
hard drive. For conventional hard drive configurations, the primary hard drive is the
first drive detected by the computer.
To reinstall Windows, you need the following items:
•
Dell Operating System media
•
Dell Drivers and Utilities media
NOTE: Your Drivers and Utilities media contains drivers that were installed during
assembly of the computer. Use your Drivers and Utilities media to load any required
drivers, including the drivers required if your computer has a RAID controller.
Reinstalling Windows XP or Windows Vista
The reinstallation process can take 1 to 2 hours to complete. After you
reinstall the operating system, you must also reinstall the device drivers, virus
protection program, and other software.
NOTICE: The Operating System media provides options for reinstalling
Windows XP. The options can overwrite files and possibly affect programs that are
installed on your hard drive. Therefore, do not reinstall Windows XP unless a Dell
technical support representative instructs you to do so.
1 Save and close any open files and exit any open programs.
2 Insert the Operating System disc.
3 Click Exit if the Install Windows message appears.
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Troubleshooting
4 Restart the computer.
When the DELL logo appears, press <F12> immediately.
NOTE: If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue
to wait until you see the Microsoft® Windows® desktop; then, shut down your
computer and try again.
NOTE: The next steps change the boot sequence for one time only. On the
next start-up, the computer boots according to the devices specified in the
system setup program.
5 When the boot device list appears, highlight CD/DVD/CD-RW Drive
and press <Enter>.
6 Press any key to Boot from CD-ROM.
7 Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the installation.
Troubleshooting
151
152
Troubleshooting
Adding and Replacing Parts
Before You Begin
This chapter provides procedures for removing and installing the components
in your computer. Unless otherwise noted, each procedure assumes that the
following conditions exist:
•
You have performed the steps in "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154
and "Before Working Inside Your Computer" on page 154.
•
You have read the safety information in your Dell Product Information Guide.
•
A component can be replaced—or if purchased separately—installed by
performing the removal procedure in reverse order.
Recommended Tools
The procedures in this document may require the following tools:
•
Small flat-blade screwdriver
•
Phillips screwdriver
•
Small plastic scribe
•
Flash BIOS update (see the Dell Support website at support.dell.com)
Adding and Replacing Parts
153
Turning Off Your Computer
NOTICE: To avoid losing data, save and close any open files and exit any open
programs before you turn off your computer.
1 Save and close all open files and exit all open programs.
2 Shut down the operating system:
Windows® XP:
Click Start→Shut Down→Shut down.
Windows Vista®:
Click the Windows Vista Start button
, click the arrow in the
lower-right corner of the Start menu as shown below, and then click
Shut Down.
The computer turns off after the operating system shutdown process
is complete.
3 Ensure that the computer and all attached devices are turned off. If your
computer and attached devices did not automatically turn off when you
shut down your operating system, press and hold the power button for
about 4 seconds to turn them off.
Before Working Inside Your Computer
Use the following safety guidelines to help protect your computer from
potential damage and to help ensure your own personal safety.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: Handle components and cards with care. Do not touch the components
or contacts on a card. Hold a card by its edges or by its metal mounting bracket.
Hold a component such as a processor by its edges, not by its pins.
NOTICE: Only a certified service technician should perform repairs on your
computer. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by
your warranty.
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Adding and Replacing Parts
NOTICE: When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector or on its strain-relief
loop, not on the cable itself. Some cables have a connector with locking tabs; if you
are disconnecting this type of cable, press in on the locking tabs before you
disconnect the cable. As you pull connectors apart, keep them evenly aligned to
avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before you connect a cable, ensure that
both connectors are correctly oriented and aligned.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the computer, perform the following steps
before you begin working inside the computer.
1 Ensure that the work surface is flat and clean to prevent the computer
cover from being scratched.
2 Turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your Computer" on page 154).
NOTICE: To disconnect a network cable, first unplug the cable from your computer,
and then unplug it from the network wall jack.
3 Disconnect any telephone or network cables from the computer.
4 Disconnect your computer and all attached devices from their electrical
outlets.
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you service the computer.
NOTE: To avoid damage to the computer, use only the battery designed for this
particular Dell computer. Do not use batteries designed for other Dell computers.
5 Turn the computer over.
6 Slide and click the battery release latches.
7 Slide the battery out of the battery bay.
Adding and Replacing Parts
155
1
1
battery
2
2
battery release latch (2)
8 Turn the computer top-side up, open the display, and press the power
button to ground the system board.
9 Remove any installed cards from the ExpressCard slot (see "Removing an
ExpressCard or Blank" on page 89) and the 8-in-1 memory card reader (see
"Removing a Memory Card or Blank" on page 92).
Hard Drive
CAUTION: If you remove the hard drive from the computer when the drive is hot,
do not touch the metal housing of the hard drive.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent data loss, turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your
Computer" on page 154) before removing the hard drive. Do not remove the hard
drive while the computer is on or in Sleep state.
NOTICE: Hard drives are extremely fragile. Exercise care when handling the
hard drive.
NOTE: Dell does not guarantee compatibility or provide support for hard drives
from sources other than Dell.
NOTE: If you are installing a hard drive from a source other than Dell, you need to
install an operating system, drivers, and utilities on the new hard drive (see
"Restoring Your Operating System" on page 144 and "Reinstalling Drivers and
Utilities" on page 140).
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Adding and Replacing Parts
Removing the Hard Drive
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over and remove the hard drive screws.
2
1
1
hard drive
2
screws (4)
NOTICE: When the hard drive is not in the computer, store it in protective antistatic
packaging (see "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the
Product Information Guide).
3 Slide the hard drive out of the computer.
Adding and Replacing Parts
157
Replacing the Hard Drive
1 Remove the new drive from its packaging.
Save the original packaging for storing or shipping the hard drive.
NOTICE: Use firm and even pressure to slide the drive into place. If you use
excessive force, you may damage the connector.
2 Slide the hard drive into the bay until it is fully seated.
3 Replace and tighten the screws.
4 Install the operating system for your computer, as needed (see "Restoring
Your Operating System" on page 144).
5 Install the drivers and utilities for your computer, as needed (see
"Reinstalling Drivers and Utilities" on page 140).
Returning a Hard Drive to Dell
Return your old hard drive to Dell in its original, or comparable, foam
packaging. Otherwise, the hard drive may be damaged in transit.
2
1
1
158
foam packaging
Adding and Replacing Parts
2
hard drive
Optical Drive
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Removing the Optical Drive
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over.
3 Remove the locking screw from the optical drive.
4 Using a plastic scribe, push the notch to release the optical drive from the bay.
5 Slide the optical drive out of the bay.
1
2
3
1
optical drive
3
locking screw
2
notch
Adding and Replacing Parts
159
Replacing the Optical Drive
1 Slide the optical drive into the bay.
2 Replace and tighten the locking screw.
Hinge Cover
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer.
Removing the Hinge Cover
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Open the display as far as it will open.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the hinge cover, do not lift the cover on both sides
simultaneously.
3 Insert a plastic scribe into the indent to lift the hinge cover on the right side.
4 Ease the hinge cover up, moving from right to left, and remove it.
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Adding and Replacing Parts
1
2
1
hinge cover
2
scribe
Replacing the Hinge Cover
1 Insert the left edge of the hinge cover.
2 Press from left to right until the cover snaps into place.
Keyboard
For more information about the keyboard, see "Using the Keyboard and
Touchpad" on page 47.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer.
Adding and Replacing Parts
161
Removing the Keyboard
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160).
3 Remove the two screws at the top of the keyboard.
NOTICE: The key caps on the keyboard are fragile, easily dislodged, and timeconsuming to replace. Be careful when removing and handling the keyboard.
4 Lift the keyboard and hold it up and slightly forward to access to the
keyboard connector.
5 To disconnect the keyboard cable from the keyboard connector on the system
board, rotate the keyboard connector latch toward the front of the computer.
6 Slide the keyboard cable out of the keyboard connector on the DIMM A
memory module cover.
1
2
3
4
5
1
162
screws (2)
2
keyboard
3
tabs (5)
4
keyboard cable
5
cable release lever
Adding and Replacing Parts
Replacing the Keyboard
1 Slide the keyboard cable into the keyboard connector on the DIMM A
memory module cover.
2 Rotate the keyboard connector latch to secure the cable.
3 Hook the tabs along the front edge of the keyboard into the palmrest.
4 Press on the right edge near the top to snap the keyboard into place.
5 Replace the two screws on the top of the keyboard.
Memory
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
You can increase your computer memory by installing memory modules on
the system board. See "Specifications" on page 193 for information on the
memory supported by your computer. Install only memory modules that are
intended for your computer.
NOTE: Memory modules purchased from Dell are covered under your
computer warranty.
Your computer has two user-accessible SODIMM sockets, one accessed from
beneath the keyboard (DIMM A), and the other accessed from the bottom of
the computer (DIMM B).
NOTICE: If your computer has only one memory module, install the memory module
in the connector labeled “DIMMA.”
NOTICE: If you need to install memory modules in two connectors, install a
memory module in the connector labeled “DIMMA” before you install a module in
the connector labeled “DIMMB.”
Removing the DIMM A Memory Module
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
The DIMM A memory module is located under the keyboard.
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160).
Adding and Replacing Parts
163
3 Remove the keyboard (see "Keyboard" on page 161).
NOTE: It is not necessary to disconnect the keyboard cable from the memory
module cover.
4 Lift the memory module cover but do not remove it.
NOTICE: To prevent damage to the memory module connector, do not use tools to
spread the memory module securing clips.
5 Use your fingertips to carefully spread apart the securing clips on each end
of the memory module connector until the module pops up.
6 Remove the module from the connector.
1
2
3
164
1
memory module cover
3
securing clips (2)
Adding and Replacing Parts
2
memory module (DIMM A)
Replacing the DIMM A Memory Module
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
1 Align the notch in the module edge connector with the tab in the
connector slot.
2 Slide the module firmly into the slot at a 45-degree angle, and rotate the
module down until it clicks into place. If you do not feel the click, remove
the module and reinstall it.
NOTE: If the memory module is not installed properly, the computer may not boot.
No error message indicates this failure.
1
2
1
tab
2
notch
3 Replace the memory module cover.
4 Replace the keyboard and hinge cover.
5 Insert the battery into the battery bay, or connect the AC adapter to your
computer and an electrical outlet.
6 Turn on the computer.
As the computer boots, it detects the additional memory and automatically
updates the system configuration information.
Adding and Replacing Parts
165
Confirm the amount of memory installed in the computer:
•
Windows® XP
–
•
Right-click the My Computer icon on your desktop, then click
Properties→General.
Windows Vista®
–
Click the Windows Vista Start button
then click Properties.
, right-click Computer, and
Removing the DIMM B Memory Module
The DIMM B memory module is located under the memory module cover on
the bottom of the computer.
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer upside-down, loosen the captive screw on the memory
module cover (see "Bottom View" on page 32), and remove the cover.
1
2
1
memory module/coin-cell battery compartment
2
captive screw
NOTICE: To prevent damage to the memory module connector, do not use tools to
spread the memory module securing clips.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
166
Adding and Replacing Parts
3 Use your fingertips to carefully spread apart the securing clips on each end
of the memory module connector until the module pops up.
4 Remove the module from the connector.
1
1
securing clips (2)
2
2
memory module
Replacing the DIMM B Memory Module
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
1 Align the notch in the module edge connector with the tab in the
connector slot.
2 Slide the module firmly into the slot at a 45-degree angle, and rotate the
module down until it clicks into place. If you do not feel the click, remove
the module and reinstall it.
NOTE: If the memory module is not installed properly, the computer may not boot.
No error message indicates this failure.
Adding and Replacing Parts
167
1
2
1
tab
2
notch
NOTICE: If the cover is difficult to close, remove the module and reinstall it. Forcing
the cover to close may damage your computer.
3 Replace the memory module cover.
4 Insert the battery into the battery bay, or connect the AC adapter to your
computer and an electrical outlet.
5 Turn on the computer.
As the computer boots, it detects the additional memory and automatically
updates the system configuration information.
Confirm the amount of memory installed in the computer:
•
Windows® XP
–
•
Windows Vista®
–
168
Right-click the My Computer icon on your desktop, then click
Properties→General.
Click the Windows Vista Start button
then click Properties.
Adding and Replacing Parts
, right-click Computer, and
Subscriber Identity Module
Subscriber Identity Modules (SIM) identify users uniquely through an
International Mobile Subscriber Identity.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTE: Only Cingular and Vodafone need a SIM. Verizon, Sprint, and Telus do not
use SIMs.
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 In the battery bay, slide the SIM into the compartment with the cut-off
corner of the card facing away from the compartment.
2
1
1
battery bay
2
SIM
Adding and Replacing Parts
169
Wireless Mini Cards
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer.
If you ordered a wireless Mini Card with your computer, the card is already
installed. Your computer supports three types of wireless Mini Cards:
•
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
•
Mobile Broadband or Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN)
•
Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN)
Removing a WLAN Card
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over.
3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and
remove the cover.
2
1
1
170
captive screws (2)
Adding and Replacing Parts
2
cover
4 Disconnect the antenna cables from the WLAN card.
2
1
1
antenna cable connectors (2)
2
WLAN card
5 Release the WLAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the
back of the computer until the card pops up slightly.
Adding and Replacing Parts
171
6 Lift the WLAN card out of its system board connector.
2
1
1
metal securing tabs (2)
2
WLAN card
Replacing a WLAN Card
NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel
resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign
the card.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WLAN card, never place cables under the card.
1 Insert the WLAN card connector into the system board connector labeled
"WLAN" at a 45-degree angle.
2 Press the other end of the WLAN card down into the securing tabs until
the card clicks into place.
172
Adding and Replacing Parts
3 Connect the appropriate antenna cables to the WLAN card you are installing:
If the WLAN card has two triangles on the label (white and black),
connect the white antenna cable to the connector labeled "main" (white
triangle), and connect the black antenna cable to the connector labeled
"aux" (black triangle).
If the WLAN card has three triangles on the label (white, black, and gray),
connect the white antenna cable to the white triangle, connect the black
antenna cable to the black triangle, and connect the gray antenna cable to
the gray triangle.
NOTE: The gray antenna cable may not be available in all computers. The
presence of the gray antenna cable in your Mini Card compartment depends
on the type of display.
4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve.
5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws.
Removing a Mobile Broadband or WWAN Card
NOTE: WWAN is also available on an ExpressCard (see "Using ExpressCards" on
page 87).
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over.
3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and
remove the cover.
Adding and Replacing Parts
173
2
1
1
captive screws (2)
2
cover
4 Disconnect the two antenna cables from the WWAN card.
174
Adding and Replacing Parts
2
1
1
antenna cable connectors (2)
2
WWAN card
5 Release the WWAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the
back of the computer until the card pops up slightly.
Adding and Replacing Parts
175
6 Lift the WWAN card out of its system board connector.
2
1
1
metal securing tabs (2)
2
WWAN card
Replacing a WWAN Card
NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel
resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign
the card.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WWAN card, never place cables under the card.
1 Insert the WWAN card connector into the system board connector labeled
"WWAN" at a 45-degree angle.
2 Press the other end of the WWAN card down into the securing tabs until
the card clicks into place.
176
Adding and Replacing Parts
3 Connect the black antenna cable with a gray stripe to the connector
labeled "aux" (black triangle) and connect the white antenna cable with a
gray stripe to the connector labeled "main" (white triangle).
4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve.
5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws.
Removing a WPAN Card
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over.
3 Loosen the captive screws on the cover of the Mini Card compartment and
remove the cover.
2
1
1
captive screws (2)
2
cover
4 Disconnect the blue antenna cable from the WPAN card.
5 Release the WPAN card by pushing the metal securing tabs toward the
back of the computer until the card pops up slightly.
6 Lift the WPAN card out of its system board connector.
Adding and Replacing Parts
177
Replacing a WPAN Card
NOTICE: The connectors are keyed to ensure correct insertion. If you feel
resistance, check the connectors on the card and on the system board, and realign
the card.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the WPAN card, never place cables under the card.
1 Insert the WPAN card connector into the system board connector labeled
"WPAN" at a 45-degree angle.
2 Press the other end of the WPAN card down into the securing tabs until
the card clicks into place.
3 Connect the blue antenna cable to the WPAN card.
4 Secure unused antenna cables in the protective mylar sleeve.
5 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screws.
Flash Cache Module
The Flash Cache Module (FCM) is an internal flash drive that helps improve
the performance of your computer. If you ordered an FCM with your
computer, the card is already installed.
NOTE: Windows® XP does not support an FCM. You can have an FCM installed
when running Windows XP but it will have no effect on your computer’s performance.
Removing the FCM
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over and remove the cover on the Mini Card
compartment.
3 Ground yourself by touching one of the metal connectors on the back of
the computer.
NOTE: If you leave the area, ground yourself again when you return to the
computer.
178
Adding and Replacing Parts
4 Release the FCM by pushing the metal securing brackets away from the
card until the card pops up slightly.
5 Remove the FCM.
2
1
1
metal securing tabs (2)
2
FCM
Replacing the FCM
NOTICE: Install the FCM in the WWAN or WPAN slot. Do not install an FCM in the
WLAN card slot. Doing so may cause damage to your computer.
1 Insert the FCM connector into the system board connector at a 45-degree
angle
2 Press the other end of the FCM down into the securing tabs until the card
clicks into place.
Adding and Replacing Parts
179
Internal Card With Bluetooth® Wireless
Technology
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer.
If you ordered a card with Bluetooth wireless technology with your computer,
it is already installed.
Removing the Card
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Remove the hinge cover (see "Hinge Cover" on page 160).
3 Disconnect the cable on the card.
4 Grasp the connector end of the card and slide it out from under the
securing tabs.
3
4
2
1
180
1
securing tab
2
card
3
securing tab
4
cable
Adding and Replacing Parts
Replacing the Card
1 Replace the card at an angle to slide it under the securing tabs in the card
compartment.
2 Connect the cable to the card.
Coin-Cell Battery
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To avoid electrostatic discharge, ground yourself by using a wrist
grounding strap or by periodically touching an unpainted metal surface (such as a
connector on the back of the computer).
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the system board, you must remove the battery
from the battery bay before you begin working inside the computer.
Removing the Coin-Cell Battery
1 Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin" on page 153.
2 Turn the computer over.
3 Loosen the captive screw on the memory module/coin-cell battery cover
(see "Bottom View" on page 32), and remove the cover.
4 Disconnect the coin-cell battery cable from the system board.
2
3
1
1
coin-cell battery
2
mylar sleeve
3
battery cable connector
5 Slide the battery out of the mylar sleeve.
Adding and Replacing Parts
181
Replacing the Coin-Cell Battery
1 Connect the coin-cell battery cable to the system board.
2 Slide the coin-cell battery into the mylar sleeve.
3 Replace the cover and tighten the captive screw.
182
Adding and Replacing Parts
Dell™ QuickSet Features
NOTE: This feature may not be available on your computer.
Dell QuickSet provides you with easy access to configure or view the
following types of settings:
•
Network connectivity
•
Power management
•
Display
•
System information
Depending on what you want to do in Dell QuickSet, you can start it by
either clicking, double-clicking, or right-clicking the QuickSet icon in the
Microsoft® Windows® notification area. The notification area is located in
the lower-right corner of your screen.
For more information about QuickSet, right-click the QuickSet icon and
select Help.
Dell™ QuickSet Features
183
184
Dell™ QuickSet Features
Traveling With Your Computer
Identifying Your Computer
•
Attach a name tag or business card to the computer.
•
Write down your Service Tag and store it in a safe place away from the
computer or carrying case. Use the Service Tag if you need to report a loss
or theft to law enforcement officials and to Dell.
•
Create a file on the Microsoft® Windows® desktop called if_found. Place
information such as your name, address, and phone number in this file.
•
Contact your credit card company and ask if it offers coded
identification tags.
Packing the Computer
•
Remove any external devices attached to the computer and store them in a
safe place.
•
Fully charge the main battery and any spare batteries that you plan to carry
with you.
•
Shut down the computer.
•
Disconnect the AC adapter.
NOTICE: When the display is closed, extraneous items on the keyboard or palm
rest could damage the display.
•
Remove any extraneous items, such as paper clips, pens, and paper, from
the keyboard and palm rest and close the display.
•
Use the optional Dell carrying case to pack the computer and its
accessories together safely.
•
Avoid packing the computer with items such as shaving cream, colognes,
perfumes, or food.
NOTICE: If the computer has been exposed to extreme temperatures, allow it to
acclimate to room temperature for 1 hour before turning it on.
Traveling With Your Computer
185
•
Protect the computer, the batteries, and the hard drive from hazards such
as extreme temperatures and overexposure to sunlight, dirt, dust, or liquids.
•
Pack the computer so that it does not slide around in the trunk of your car
or in an overhead storage compartment.
Travel Tips
NOTICE: Do not move the computer while using the optical drive to prevent loss
of data.
NOTICE: Do not check the computer as baggage.
•
Consider disabling wireless activity on your computer to maximize battery
operating time. To disable wireless activity, use the wireless switch (see
"wireless switch" on page 27).
•
Consider changing your power management options to maximize battery
operating time (see "Power Management Modes" on page 56).
•
If you are traveling internationally, carry proof of ownership—or of your
right to use the computer if it is company-owned—to speed your passage
through customs. Investigate the customs regulations of the countries you
plan to visit, and consider acquiring an international carnet (also known as
a merchandise passport) from your government.
•
Find out what type of electrical outlets are used in the countries you will
visit, and have appropriate power adapters.
•
Check with your credit card company for information about the kinds of
emergency travel assistance it offers to users of portable computers.
Traveling by Air
NOTICE: Do not walk the computer through a metal detector. Send the computer
through an X-ray machine or have it hand-inspected.
186
•
Ensure that you have a charged battery available in case you are asked to
turn on the computer.
•
Prior to entering the airplane, verify that using a computer is permitted.
Some airlines forbid the use of electronic devices during flight. All airlines
forbid the use of electronic devices during takeoff and landing.
Traveling With Your Computer
Getting Help
Obtaining Assistance
CAUTION: If you need to remove the computer cover, first disconnect the
computer power and modem cables from all electrical outlets.
If you experience a problem with your computer, you can complete the
following steps to diagnose and troubleshoot the problem:
1 See "Troubleshooting" on page 107 for information and procedures that
pertain to the problem your computer is experiencing.
2 See "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107 for procedures on how to run Dell
Diagnostics.
3 Fill out the "Diagnostics Checklist" on page 191.
4 Use Dell's extensive suite of online services available at Dell Support
(support.dell.com) for help with installation and troubleshooting
procedures. See "Online Services" on page 188 for a more extensive list of
Dell Support online.
5 If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem, see "Contacting
Dell" on page 192.
NOTE: Call Dell Support from a telephone near or at the computer so that the
support staff can assist you with any necessary procedures.
NOTE: Dell's Express Service Code system may not be available in all countries.
When prompted by Dell's automated telephone system, enter your Express
Service Code to route the call directly to the proper support personnel. If you
do not have an Express Service Code, open the Dell Accessories folder,
double-click the Express Service Code icon, and follow the directions.
For instructions on using the Dell Support, see "Technical Support and
Customer Service" on page 188.
NOTE: Some of the following services are not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Call your local Dell representative for information on
availability.
Getting Help
187
Technical Support and Customer Service
Dell's support service is available to answer your questions about Dell™
hardware. Our support staff uses computer-based diagnostics to provide fast,
accurate answers.
To contact Dell's support service, see "Before You Call" on page 190, and then
see "Contacting Dell" on page 192.
DellConnect
DellConnect is a simple online access tool that allows a Dell service and
support associate to access your computer through a broadband connection,
diagnose your problem and repair it all under your supervision. For more
information, go to support.dell.com and click DellConnect.
Online Services
You can learn about Dell products and services on the following websites:
www.dell.com
www.dell.com/ap (Asian/Pacific countries only)
www.dell.com/jp (Japan only)
www.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
www.dell.com/la (Latin American and Caribbean countries)
www.dell.ca (Canada only)
You can access Dell Support through the following websites and e-mail addresses:
•
Dell Support websites
support.dell.com
support.jp.dell.com (Japan only)
support.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
•
Dell Support e-mail addresses
mobile_support@us.dell.com
support@us.dell.com
la-techsupport@dell.com (Latin America and Caribbean countries only)
apsupport@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
188
Getting Help
•
Dell Marketing and Sales e-mail addresses
apmarketing@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
sales_canada@dell.com (Canada only)
•
Anonymous file transfer protocol (FTP)
ftp.dell.com
Log in as user: anonymous, and use your e-mail address as your password.
AutoTech Service
Dell's automated support service—AutoTech—provides recorded answers to
the questions most frequently asked by Dell customers about their portable
and desktop computers.
When you call AutoTech, use your touch-tone telephone to select the
subjects that correspond to your questions. For the telephone number to call
for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192.
Automated Order-Status Service
To check on the status of any Dell products that you have ordered, you can go
to support.dell.com, or you can call the automated order-status service. A
recording prompts you for the information needed to locate and report on
your order. For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting
Dell" on page 192.
Problems With Your Order
If you have a problem with your order, such as missing parts, wrong parts, or
incorrect billing, contact Dell for customer assistance. Have your invoice or
packing slip handy when you call. For the telephone number to call for your
region, see "Contacting Dell" on page 192.
Product Information
If you need information about additional products available from Dell, or if
you would like to place an order, visit the Dell website at www.dell.com. For
the telephone number to call for your region or to speak to a sales specialist,
see "Contacting Dell" on page 192.
Getting Help
189
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or credit, as follows:
1 Call Dell to obtain a Return Material Authorization Number, and write it
clearly and prominently on the outside of the box.
For the telephone number to call for your region, see "Contacting Dell" on
page 192.
2 Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the return.
3 Include a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist" on
page 191), indicating the tests that you have run and any error messages
reported by the Dell Diagnostics (see "Dell Diagnostics" on page 107).
4 Include any accessories that belong with the item(s) being returned (power
cables, software floppy disks, guides, and so on) if the return is for credit.
5 Pack the equipment to be returned in the original (or equivalent) packing
materials.
You are responsible for paying shipping expenses. You are also responsible for
insuring any product returned, and you assume the risk of loss during
shipment to Dell. Collect On Delivery (C.O.D.) packages are not accepted.
Returns that are missing any of the preceding requirements will be refused at
Dell’s receiving dock and returned to you.
Before You Call
NOTE: Have your Express Service Code ready when you call. The code helps Dell’s
automated-support telephone system direct your call more efficiently. You may also
be asked for your Service Tag (located on the back or bottom of your computer).
Remember to fill out the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Diagnostics Checklist"
on page 191). If possible, turn on your computer before you call Dell for
assistance and call from a telephone at or near the computer. You may be
asked to type some commands at the keyboard, relay detailed information
during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps possible only at the
computer itself. Ensure that the computer documentation is available.
CAUTION: Before working inside your computer, follow the safety instructions in
your Product Information Guide.
190
Getting Help
Diagnostics Checklist
Name:
Date:
Address:
Phone number:
Service Tag (bar code on the back or bottom of the computer):
Express Service Code:
Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by Dell support technician):
Operating system and version:
Devices:
Expansion cards:
Are you connected to a network? Yes/No
Network, version, and network adapter:
Programs and versions:
See your operating system documentation to determine the contents of the
system’s start-up files. If the computer is connected to a printer, print each file.
Otherwise, record the contents of each file before calling Dell.
Error message, beep code, or diagnostic code:
Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed:
Getting Help
191
Contacting Dell
NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact
information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options.
Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be
available in your area. To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or
customer service issues:
1 Visit support.dell.com.
2 Verify your country or region in the Choose A Country/Region drop-down
menu at the bottom of the page.
3 Click Contact Us on the left side of the page.
4 Select the appropriate service or support link based on your need.
5 Choose the method of contacting Dell that is convenient for you.
192
Getting Help
Specifications
NOTE: Offerings may vary by region. For more information regarding the
configuration of your computer, click Start
, click Help and Support, and then
select the option to view information about your computer.
Processor
Processor type
Intel® Core™ 2 Duo
L1 cache
32 KB per instruction, 32 KB data cache per
core
L2 cache
2 MB or 4 MB per core depending on model
External bus frequency
667 MHz and 800 MHz
System Information
System chipset
Mobile Intel Express (GM 965 or PM 965)
Data bus width
64 bits
DRAM bus width
dual-channel (2) 64-bit buses
Processor address bus width
32 bits
Flash EPROM
1 MB
Graphics bus
PCI-E X16
PCI bus
(PCI-Express used for video
controllers)
32 bits
x16
ExpressCard
NOTE: The ExpressCard slot is designed only for ExpressCards. It does NOT support
PC Cards.
NOTE: PCMCIA may not be available in some regions.
ExpressCard controller
Intel ICH8M
ExpressCard connector
one ExpressCard slot (54 mm)
Specifications
193
ExpressCard (continued)
Cards supported
ExpressCard/34 (34 mm)
ExpressCard/54 (54 mm)
1.5 V and 3.3 V
ExpressCard connector size
26 pins
8-in-1 Memory Card Reader
8-in-1 memory card controller
Ricoh R5C833
8-in-1 memory card connector
8-in-1 combo card connector
Cards supported
• Secure Digital (SD)
• SDIO
• MultiMediaCard (MMC)
• Memory Stick
• Memory Stick PRO
• xD-Picture Card
• Hi Speed-SD
• Hi Density-SD
Memory
Memory module connector
two user-accessible SODIMM connectors
Memory module capacities
512 MB, 1 GB, 2 GB
Memory type
667 MHz SoDIMM DDR2
Minimum memory
512 MB
Maximum memory
4 GB
NOTE: In order to take advantage of the dual channel bandwidth capability, both
memory slots must be populated and must match in size.
NOTE: The available memory displayed does not reflect the complete maximum
memory installed because some memory is reserved for system files.
194
Specifications
Ports and Connectors
Audio
microphone connector, stereo
headphone/speakers connector
IEEE 1394
4-pin serial connector
Consumer IR
sensor compatible with Philips RC6 (receive
only)
Mini Card
three Type IIIA Mini Card slots
Modem
RJ-11 port
Network adapter
RJ-45 port
S-video TV-out
7-pin mini-DIN connector (optional S-video
to composite video adapter cable)
USB
four 4-pin USB 2.0-compliant connector
Video
15-hole connector
Communications
Modem:
Type
v.92 56K MDC
Controller
softmodem
Interface
Intel High-Definition Audio
Network adapter
10/100 Ethernet LAN on system board
Wireless
internal WLAN, WWAN, WPAN Mini
Cards
WWAN ExpressCard
Bluetooth® wireless technology
Specifications
195
Video
NOTE: Optional video controller upgrades are available for your computer subject to
availability at the time of purchase. To determine the configuration of your computer,
see "Determining Your Computer’s Configuration" on page 21.
Video type:
integrated on system board
Video controller
Intel 965 GM
Video memory
dynamic based on system memory capacity
LCD interface
LVDS
TV support
NTSC or PAL in S-video, composite, and
component modes
Video type:
discrete video card
Data bus
PCI Express X16
Video controller
nVIDIA GeForce 8400M G or nVIDIA
GeForce 8600M GT
Video memory
128 MB (GeForce 8400M G) or 256 MB
(GeForce 8600M GT)
LCD interface
LVDS
TV support
NTSC or PAL in S-video, composite, and
component modes
Audio
Audio type
two-channel high-definition stereo
Audio controller
Intel HDA Azalia
Stereo conversion
24-bit (analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog)
Interfaces:
Internal
Intel High Definition Audio
External
microphone-in connector, stereo
headphones/speakers connector
Speaker
two 4-ohm speakers
Internal speaker amplifier
2 Watts per channel into 4 ohms
Volume controls
program menus, media control buttons
196
Specifications
Display
Type (active-matrix TFT)
15.4-inch WXGA
15.4-inch WXGA with TrueLife
15.4-inch WXGA+ with TrueLife
15.4-inch WSXGA+ with TrueLife
Dimensions:
Height
222.5 mm (8.8 in)
Width
344.5 mm (13.6 in)
Diagonal
391.2 mm (15.4 in)
Maximum resolutions:
WXGA
1280 x 800 at 262 K colors
WXGA with TrueLife
1280 x 800 at 262 K colors
WXGA+ with TrueLife
1440 x 900 at 262 K colors
WSXGA+ with TrueLife
1680 x 1050 at 262 K colors
Refresh rate
60 Hz
Operating angle
0° (closed) to 155°
Viewing angles:
Horizontal
±40° (WXGA)
±40° (WXGA with TrueLife)
±55° (WXGA+ with TrueLife)
±60° (WSXGA+ with TrueLife)
Vertical
+15°/–30° (WXGA)
+15°/–30° (WXGA with TrueLife)
±45° (WXGA+ with TrueLife)
+40°/–50° (WSXGA+ with TrueLife)
Specifications
197
Display (continued)
Pixel pitch:
WXGA
0.258 mm
WXGA with TrueLife
0.258 mm
WXGA+ with TrueLife
0.2304 mm
WSXGA+ with TrueLife
0.197 mm
Controls
brightness can be controlled through
keyboard shortcuts (see "Display Functions"
on page 48)
Keyboard
Number of keys
87 (U.S. and Canada); 88 (Europe); 91 (Japan)
Layout
QWERTY/AZERTY/Kanji
Touch Pad
X/Y position resolution
(graphics table mode)
240 cpi
Size:
Width
71.7-mm (2.8-in) sensor-active area
Height
34.0-mm (1.3-in) rectangle
Battery
Type
9-cell "smart" lithium ion
6-cell "smart" lithium ion
Dimensions:
Depth
67.6 mm (2.66 in) (9 cell)
47.5 mm (1.87 in) (6 cell)
Height
20.4 mm (0.8 in)
Width
209.9 mm (8.26 in)
Weight
198
0.48 kg (1.06 lb) (9 cell)
0.33 kg (0.7 lb) (6 cell)
Specifications
Battery (continued)
Voltage
11.1 VDC
Charge time (approximate):
Computer off
Operating time
4 hours
Battery operating time varies depending on
operating conditions and can be significantly
reduced under certain power-intensive
conditions (see "Power Problems" on
page 132).
See "Using a Battery" on page 53 for more
information on battery life.
Life span (approximate)
300 discharge/charge cycles
Temperature range:
Operating
0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F)
Storage
–40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F)
Coin-cell battery
CR-2032
AC Adapter
Input voltage
90–264 VAC
Input current (maximum)
1.5 A
Input frequency
47–63 Hz
Output current (65 W)
4.34 A (maximum at 4-second pulse)
3.34 A (continuous)
Output current (90 W)
5.62 A (maximum at 4-second pulse)
4.62 A (continuous)
Output power
65 W, 90 W
Rated output voltage
19.5 +/– 1.0 VDC
Dimensions (65 W):
Height
28.2 mm (1.11 in)
Width
57.9 mm (2.28 in)
Depth
137.2 mm (5.4 in)
Specifications
199
AC Adapter (continued)
Weight (with cables)
0.4 kg (0.9 lb)
Dimensions (90 W):
Height
34.2 mm (1.34 in)
Width
60.8 mm (2.39 in)
Depth
153.4 mm (6.0 in)
Weight (with cables)
0.46 kg (1.01 lb)
Temperature range:
Operating
0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F)
Storage
–40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F)
Physical
Height
42 mm (1.65 in)
Width
358.7 mm (14.12 in)
Depth
269 mm (10.59 in)
Weight (with 6-cell battery):
Configurable to less than
3.0 kg (6.61 lb)
Environmental
Temperature range:
Operating
0° to 35°C (32° to 95°F)
Storage
–40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F)
Relative humidity (maximum):
Operating
10% to 90% (noncondensing)
Storage
5% to 95% (noncondensing)
Maximum vibration (using a random
vibration spectrum that simulates
user environment):
200
Operating
0.66 GRMS
Storage
1.3 GRMS
Specifications
Environmental (continued)
Maximum shock (Measured with
hard drive in operating status and a
2-ms half-sine pulse for operating.
Also measured with hard drive in
head-parked position and a 2-ms
halfsine pulse for storage):
Operating
142 G
Storage
163 G
Altitude (maximum):
Operating
–15.2 to 3048 m (–50 to 10,000 ft)
Storage
–15.2 to 10,668 m (–50 to 35,000 ft)
Specifications
201
202
Specifications
Appendix
Using the System Setup Program
NOTE: Your operating system may automatically configure most of the options
available in system setup, thus overriding options that you set through system setup.
An exception is the External Hot Key option, which you can disable or enable only
through system setup. For more information on configuring features for your
operating system, see Windows Help and Support (see "Microsoft Windows XP and
Windows Vista® Help and Support Center" on page 16).
You can use system setup as follows:
•
To set or change user-selectable features such as your computer password
•
To verify information about the computer's current configuration such as
the amount of system memory
After you set up the computer, run system setup to familiarize yourself with
your system configuration information and optional settings. You may want
to write down the information for future reference.
The system setup screens display the current setup information and settings
for your computer, such as:
•
System configuration
•
Boot order
•
Boot (start-up) configuration
•
Basic device configuration settings
•
System security and hard drive password settings
NOTE: Unless you are an expert computer user or are directed to do so by Dell
technical support, do not change the system setup settings. Certain changes might
make your computer work incorrectly.
Appendix
203
Viewing the System Setup Screen
1 Turn on (or restart) your computer.
2 When the DELL logo appears, press <F2> immediately.
If you wait too long and the Microsoft Windows logo appears, continue to
wait until you see the Windows desktop, then shut down your computer
and try again.
System Setup Screen
NOTE: For information about a specific item on a system setup screen, highlight the
item and see the Help area on the screen.
On each screen, the system setup options are listed at the left. To the right of
each option is the setting or value for that option. You can change settings
that appear as white type on the screen. Options or values that you cannot
change (because they are determined by the computer) appear less bright.
The upper-right corner of the screen displays help information for the
currently highlighted option; the lower-right corner displays information
about the computer. System setup key functions are listed across the bottom
of the screen.
Commonly Used Options
Certain options require that you reboot the computer for new settings to
take effect.
Changing the Boot Sequence
The boot sequence, or boot order, tells the computer where to look to find the
software needed to start the operating system. You can control the boot
sequence and enable/disable devices using the Boot Order page of the system
setup program.
NOTE: To change the boot sequence on a one-time-only basis, see "Performing a
One-Time Boot" on page 205.
The Boot Order page displays a general list of the bootable devices that may
be installed in your computer, including but not limited to the following:
204
•
Diskette Drive
•
Internal HDD
Appendix
•
USB Storage Device
•
CD/DVD/CD-RW drive
•
Modular bay HDD
NOTE: Only devices that are preceded by a number are bootable.
During the boot routine, the computer starts at the top of the list and scans
each enabled device for the operating system start-up files. When the
computer finds the files, it stops searching and starts the operating system.
To control the boot devices, select (highlight) a device by pressing the downarrow or up-arrow key, and then enable or disable the device or change its
order in the list.
•
To enable or disable a device, highlight the item and press the space bar.
Enabled items are preceded by a number; disabled items are not preceded
by a number.
•
To reorder a device in the list, highlight the device and press <u> to move
the device up the list or <d> to move a device down the list.
Boot sequence changes take effect as soon as you save the changes and exit
the system setup program.
Performing a One-Time Boot
You can set a one-time-only boot sequence without entering the system setup
program (you can also use this procedure to boot the Dell Diagnostics on the
diagnostics utility partition on your hard drive).
1 Shut down the computer through the Start menu.
2 Connect the computer to an electrical outlet.
3 Turn on the computer. When the DELL logo appears, press <F12>
immediately.
If you wait too long and the Windows logo appears, continue to wait until
you see the Windows desktop, then shut down your computer and try
again.
4 When the boot device list appears, highlight the device from which you
want to boot and press <Enter>.
The computer boots to the selected device.
The next time you reboot the computer, the previous boot order is restored.
Appendix
205
Cleaning Your Computer
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the
safety instructions located in the Product Information Guide.
Computer, Keyboard, and Display
CAUTION: Before you clean your computer, disconnect the computer from the
electrical outlet and remove any installed batteries. Clean your computer with a
soft cloth dampened with water. Do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners, which may
contain flammable substances.
•
Use a can of compressed air to remove dust from between the keys on the
keyboard and to remove any dirt or lint from the display.
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the computer or display, do not spray cleaning
solution directly onto the display. Only use products specifically designed for
cleaning displays, and follow the instructions that are included with the product.
•
Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with either water or a display cleaner. Do not
use alcohol or an ammonia-based cleaner. Wipe the display gently working
from the center to the edges until it is clean and any fingerprints are
removed. Do not use excessive pressure.
NOTICE: To prevent damage to the antiglare coating, do not wipe the display with
soap or alcohol.
•
Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water and wipe the computer and
keyboard. Do not allow water from the cloth to seep between the touch
pad and the surrounding palm rest.
•
To clean your monitor screen, lightly dampen a soft, clean cloth with water.
You can also use a special screen-cleaning tissue or solution suitable for the
monitor’s antistatic coating.
•
Wipe the keyboard, computer, and monitor plastics with a soft cleaning
cloth moistened with a solution of three parts water and one part
dishwashing detergent.
Do not soak the cloth or let water drip inside your computer or keyboard.
206
Appendix
Touch Pad
1 Shut down and turn off your computer (see "Turning Off Your Computer"
on page 154).
2 Disconnect any attached devices from the computer and from their
electrical outlets.
3 Remove any installed batteries (see "Battery Performance" on page 53).
4 Moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water, and wipe it gently across the
surface of the touch pad. Do not allow water from the cloth to seep
between the touch pad and the surrounding palm rest.
Mouse
NOTICE: Disconnect the mouse from the computer before cleaning the mouse
If your screen cursor skips or moves abnormally, clean the mouse.
Cleaning a Non-Optical Mouse
1 Clean the outside casing of the mouse with a cloth moistened with a mild
cleaning solution.
2 Turn the retainer ring on the underside of your mouse counterclockwise,
and then remove the ball.
3 Wipe the ball with a clean, lint-free cloth.
4 Blow carefully into the ball cage or use a can of compressed air to dislodge
dust and lint.
5 If the rollers inside the ball cage are dirty, clean the rollers with a cotton
swab moistened lightly with isopropyl alcohol.
6 Recenter the rollers in their channels if they are misaligned. Ensure that
fluff from the swab is not left on the rollers.
7 Replace the ball and retainer ring, and turn the retainer ring clockwise
until it clicks into place.
Cleaning an Optical Mouse
Clean the outside casing of the mouse with a cloth moistened with a mild
cleaning solution.
Appendix
207
Media
NOTICE: Always use compressed air to clean the lens in the optical drive, and
follow the instructions that come with the compressed air product. Never touch the
lens in the drive.
If you notice problems, such as skipping, with the playback quality of your
media, try cleaning the discs.
1 Hold the disc by its outer edge. You can also touch the inside edge of the
center hole.
NOTICE: To help prevent damage to the surface, do not wipe in a circular motion
around the disc.
2 With a soft, lint-free cloth, gently wipe the bottom of the disc (the unlabeled
side) in a straight line from the center to the outer edge of the disc.
For stubborn dirt, try using water or a diluted solution of water and mild
soap. You can also purchase commercial products that clean discs and
provide some protection from dust, fingerprints, and scratches. Cleaning
products for CDs are also safe to use on DVDs.
Dell Technical Support Policy (U.S. Only)
Technician assisted technical support requires the cooperation and participation
of the customer in the troubleshooting process and provides for restoration of
the operating system, software programs, and hardware drivers to the original
default configuration as shipped from Dell, as well as the verification of
appropriate functionality of the computer and all Dell-installed hardware. In
addition to this technician assisted technical support, online technical
support is available at support.dell.com. Additional technical support options
may be available for purchase.
Dell provides limited technical support for the computer and any "Dellinstalled" software and peripherals1. Support for third-party software and
peripherals is provided by the original manufacturer, including those
purchased and/or installed through Dell Software and Peripherals, Readyware,
and Custom Factory Integration2.
208
1
Repair services are provided pursuant to the terms and conditions of your limited
warranty and any optional support service contract purchased with the computer.
2
All Dell-standard components included in a Custom Factory Integration (CFI) project are
covered by the standard Dell limited warranty for your computer. However, Dell also
extends a parts replacement program to cover all nonstandard, third-party hardware
components integrated through CFI for the duration of the computer’s service contract.
Appendix
Definition of "Dell-Installed" Software and Peripherals
Dell-installed software includes the operating system and some of the
software programs that are installed on the computer during the
manufacturing process (Microsoft Office, Norton Antivirus, etc).
Dell-installed peripherals include any internal expansion cards, or
Dell-branded module bay or ExpressCard accessories. In addition, any Dellbranded monitors, keyboards, mice, speakers, microphones for telephonic
modems, docking stations/port replicators, networking products, and all
associated cabling are included.
Definition of "Third-Party" Software and Peripherals
Third-party software and peripherals include any peripheral, accessory, or
software program sold by Dell not under the Dell brand (printers, scanners,
cameras, games, etc). Support for all third-party software and peripherals is
provided by the original manufacturer of the product.
FCC Notice (U.S. Only)
FCC Class B
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and,
if not installed and used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction
manual, may cause interference with radio and television reception. This
equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions:
•
This device may not cause harmful interference.
•
This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
NOTICE: The FCC regulations provide that changes or modifications not expressly
approved by Dell Inc. could void your authority to operate this equipment.
Appendix
209
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference with radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, you are encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient the receiving antenna.
•
Relocate the system with respect to the receiver.
•
Move the system away from the receiver.
•
Plug the system into a different outlet so that the system and the receiver
are on different branch circuits.
If necessary, consult a representative of Dell Inc. or an experienced
radio/television technician for additional suggestions.
The following information is provided on the device or devices covered in this
document in compliance with the FCC regulations:
Product name:
Dell™ Inspiron™ 1520
Model number:
PP22L
Company name:
Dell Inc.
Worldwide Regulatory Compliance & Environmental
Affairs
One Dell Way
Round Rock, TX 78682 USA
512-338-4400
Macrovision Product Notice
This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected
by U.S. patents and other intellectual property rights. Use of this copyright
protection technology must be authorized by Macrovision, and is intended
for home and other limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by
Macrovision. Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited.
210
Appendix
Glossary
Terms in this Glossary are provided for informational purposes only and may
or may not describe features included with your particular computer.
A
AC — alternating current — The form of electricity that powers your computer when
you plug the AC adapter power cable in to an electrical outlet.
ACPI — advanced configuration and power interface — A power management
specification that enables Microsoft® Windows® operating systems to put a computer
in standby or hibernate mode to conserve the amount of electrical power allocated to
each device attached to the computer.
AGP — accelerated graphics port — A dedicated graphics port that allows system
memory to be used for video-related tasks. AGP delivers a smooth, true-color video
image because of the faster interface between the video circuitry and the computer
memory.
AHCI — Advanced Host Controller Interface — An interface for a SATA hard drive
Host Controller which allows the storage driver to enable technologies such as Native
Command Queuing (NCQ) and hot plug.
ALS — ambient light sensor — A feature that helps to control display brightness.
antivirus software — A program designed to identify, quarantine, and/or delete viruses
from your computer.
ASF — alert standards format — A standard to define a mechanism for reporting
hardware and software alerts to a management console. ASF is designed to be
platform- and operating system-independent.
B
battery life span — The length of time (years) during which a portable computer
battery is able to be depleted and recharged.
battery operating time — The length of time (minutes or hours) that a portable
computer battery powers the computer.
BD — See Blu-ray Disc.
Glossary
211
BIOS — basic input/output system — A program (or utility) that serves as an
interface between the computer hardware and the operating system. Unless you
understand what effect these settings have on the computer, do not change them. Also
referred to as system setup.
bit — The smallest unit of data interpreted by your computer.
Bluetooth® wireless technology — A wireless technology standard for short-range
(9 m [29 feet]) networking devices that allows for enabled devices to automatically
recognize each other.
Blu-ray Disc — Blu-ray Disc (BD) is an optical disc format jointly developed by the
Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA). A BD records and plays high-definition video (HD),
and stores large amounts of data: five times the storage capacity of a DVD and can
hold up to 25GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc.
boot sequence — Specifies the order of the devices from which the computer
attempts to boot.
bootable CD — A CD that you can use to start your computer. In case your hard drive
is damaged or your computer has a virus, ensure that you always have a bootable CD
or floppy disk available. Your Drivers and Utilities media is a bootable CD.
bootable disk — A disk that you can use to start your computer. In case your hard
drive is damaged or your computer has a virus, ensure that you always have a bootable
CD or floppy disk available.
bps — bits per second — The standard unit for measuring data transmission speed.
BTU — British thermal unit — A measurement of heat output.
bus — A communication pathway between the components in your computer.
bus speed — The speed, given in MHz, that indicates how fast a bus can transfer
information.
byte — The basic data unit used by your computer. A byte is usually equal to 8 bits.
C
C — Celsius — A temperature measurement scale where 0° is the freezing point and
100° is the boiling point of water.
cache — A special high-speed storage mechanism which can be either a reserved
section of main memory or an independent high-speed storage device. The cache
enhances the efficiency of many processor operations.
L1 cache — Primary cache stored inside the processor.
L2 cache — Secondary cache which can either be external to the processor or
incorporated into the processor architecture.
212
Glossary
carnet — An international customs document that facilitates temporary imports into
foreign countries. Also known as a merchandise passport.
CD-R — CD recordable — A recordable version of a CD. Data can be recorded only
once onto a CD-R. Once recorded, the data cannot be erased or written over.
CD-RW — CD rewritable — A rewritable version of a CD. Data can be written to a
CD-RW disc, and then erased and written over (rewritten).
CD-RW drive — A drive that can read CDs and write to CD-RW (rewritable CDs)
and CD-R (recordable CDs) discs. You can write to CD-RW discs multiple times, but
you can write to CD-R discs only once.
CD-RW/DVD drive — A drive, sometimes referred to as a combo drive, that can read
CDs and DVDs and write to CD-RW (rewritable CDs) and CD-R (recordable CDs)
discs. You can write to CD-RW discs multiple times, but you can write to CD-R discs
only once.
clock speed — The speed, given in MHz, that indicates how fast computer
components that are connected to the system bus operate.
CMOS — A type of electronic circuit. Computers use a small amount of batterypowered CMOS memory to hold date, time, and system setup options.
COA — Certificate of Authenticity — The Windows alpha-numeric code located on a
sticker on your computer. Also referred to as the Product Key or
Product ID.
Consumer IR — Infrared sensor for the Dell Travel Remote.
Control Panel — A Windows utility that allows you to modify operating system and
hardware settings, such as display settings.
controller — A chip that controls the transfer of data between the processor and
memory or between the processor and devices.
CRIMM — continuity rambus in-line memory module — A special module that has
no memory chips and is used to fill unused RIMM slots.
cursor — The marker on a display or screen that shows where the next keyboard, touch
pad, or mouse action will occur. It often is a blinking solid line, an underline character,
or a small arrow.
Glossary
213
D
DDR SDRAM — double-data-rate SDRAM — A type of SDRAM that doubles the
data burst cycle, improving system performance.
DDR2 SDRAM — double-data-rate 2 SDRAM — A type of DDR SDRAM that uses a
4-bit prefetch and other architectural changes to boost memory speed to over
400 MHz.
device — Hardware such as a disk drive, printer, or keyboard that is installed in or
connected to your computer.
device driver — See driver.
DIMM — dual in-line memory module — A circuit board with memory chips that
connects to a memory module on the system board.
DIN connector — A round, six-pin connector that conforms to DIN (Deutsche
Industrie-Norm) standards; it is typically used to connect PS/2 keyboard or mouse
cable connectors.
disk striping — A technique for spreading data over multiple disk drives. Disk striping
can speed up operations that retrieve data from disk storage. Computers that use disk
striping generally allow the user to select the data unit size or stripe width.
DMA — direct memory access — A channel that allows certain types of data transfer
between RAM and a device to bypass the processor.
DMTF — Distributed Management Task Force — A consortium of hardware and
software companies who develop management standards for distributed desktop,
network, enterprise, and Internet environments.
domain — A group of computers, programs, and devices on a network that are
administered as a unit with common rules and procedures for use by a specific group
of users. A user logs on to the domain to gain access to the resources.
DRAM — dynamic random-access memory — Memory that stores information in
integrated circuits containing capacitors.
driver — Software that allows the operating system to control a device such as a
printer. Many devices do not work properly if the correct driver is not installed in the
computer.
DSL — Digital Subscriber Line — A technology that provides a constant, high-speed
Internet connection through an analog telephone line.
dual-core — An Intel® technology in which two physical computational units exist
inside a single processor package, thereby increasing computing efficiency and multitasking ability.
214
Glossary
dual display mode — A display setting that allows you to use a second monitor as an
extension of your display. Also referred to as extended display mode.
DVD-R — DVD recordable — A recordable version of a DVD. Data can be recorded
only once onto a DVD-R. Once recorded, the data cannot be erased or written over.
DVD+RW — DVD rewritable — A rewritable version of a DVD. Data can be written
to a DVD+RW disc, and then erased and written over (rewritten). (DVD+RW
technology is different from DVD-RW technology.)
DVD+RW drive — drive that can read DVDs and most CD media and write to
DVD+RW (rewritable DVDs) discs.
DVI — digital video interface — A standard for digital transmission between a
computer and a digital video display.
E
ECC — error checking and correction — A type of memory that includes special
circuitry for testing the accuracy of data as it passes in and out of memory.
ECP — extended capabilities port — A parallel connector design that provides
improved bidirectional data transmission. Similar to EPP, ECP uses direct memory
access to transfer data and often improves performance.
EIDE — enhanced integrated device electronics — An improved version of the IDE
interface for hard drives and CD drives.
EMI — electromagnetic interference — Electrical interference caused by
electromagnetic radiation.
ENERGY STAR® — Environmental Protection Agency requirements that decrease
the overall consumption of electricity.
EPP — enhanced parallel port — A parallel connector design that provides
bidirectional data transmission.
ESD — electrostatic discharge — A rapid discharge of static electricity. ESD can
damage integrated circuits found in computer and communications equipment.
expansion card — A circuit board that installs in an expansion slot on the system
board in some computers, expanding the capabilities of the computer. Examples
include video, modem, and sound cards.
expansion slot — A connector on the system board (in some computers) where you
insert an expansion card, connecting it to the system bus.
ExpressCard — A removable I/O card adhering to the PCMCIA standard. Modems
and network adapters are common types of ExpressCards. ExpressCards support both
the PCI Express and USB 2.0 standard.
Glossary
215
Express Service Code — A numeric code located on a sticker on your Dell™
computer. Use the Express Service Code when contacting Dell for assistance. Express
Service Code service may not be available in some countries.
extended display mode — A display setting that allows you to use a second monitor as
an extension of your display. Also referred to as dual display mode.
extended PC Card — A PC Card that extends beyond the edge of the PC Card slot
when installed.
F
Fahrenheit — A temperature measurement scale where 32° is the freezing point and
212° is the boiling point of water.
FBD — fully-buffered DIMM — A DIMM with DDR2 DRAM chips and an
Advanced Memory Buffer (AMB) that speeds communication between the DDR2
SDRAM chips and the system.
FCC — Federal Communications Commission — A U.S. agency responsible for
enforcing communications-related regulations that state how much radiation
computers and other electronic equipment can emit.
fingerprint reader — A strip sensor that uses your unique fingerprint to authenticate
your user identity to help secure your computer.
folder — A term used to describe space on a disk or drive where files are organized and
grouped. Files in a folder can be viewed and ordered in various ways, such as
alphabetically, by date, and by size.
format — The process that prepares a drive or disk for file storage. When a drive or
disk is formatted, the existing information on it is lost.
FSB — front side bus — The data path and physical interface between the processor
and RAM.
FTP — file transfer protocol — A standard Internet protocol used to exchange files
between computers connected to the Internet.
G
G — gravity — A measurement of weight and force.
GB — gigabyte — A measurement of data storage that equals 1024 MB
(1,073,741,824 bytes). When used to refer to hard drive storage, the term is often
rounded to 1,000,000,000 bytes.
216
Glossary
GHz — gigahertz — A measurement of frequency that equals one thousand million
Hz, or one thousand MHz. The speeds for computer processors, buses, and interfaces
are often measured in GHz.
graphics mode — A video mode that can be defined as x horizontal pixels by y vertical
pixels by z colors. Graphics modes can display an unlimited variety of shapes and
fonts.
GUI — graphical user interface — Software that interacts with the user by means of
menus, windows, and icons. Most programs that operate on the Windows operating
systems are GUIs.
H
hard drive — A drive that reads and writes data on a hard disk. The terms hard drive
and hard disk are often used interchangeably.
heat sink — A metal plate on some processors that helps dissipate heat.
hibernate mode — A power management mode that saves everything in memory to a
reserved space on the hard drive and then turns off the computer. When you restart
the computer, the memory information that was saved to the hard drive is
automatically restored.
HTTP — hypertext transfer protocol — A protocol for exchanging files between
computers connected to the Internet.
Hyper-Threading — Hyper-Threading is an Intel technology that can enhance overall
computer performance by allowing one physical processor to function as two logical
processors, capable of performing certain tasks simultaneously.
Hz — hertz — A unit of frequency measurement that equals 1 cycle per second.
Computers and electronic devices are often measured in kilohertz (kHz), megahertz
(MHz), gigahertz (GHz), or terahertz (THz).
I
IC — integrated circuit — A semiconductor wafer, or chip, on which thousands or
millions of tiny electronic components are fabricated for use in computer, audio, and
video equipment.
IDE — integrated device electronics — An interface for mass storage devices in which
the controller is integrated into the hard drive or CD drive.
IEEE 1394 — Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. — A highperformance serial bus used to connect IEEE 1394-compatible devices, such as digital
cameras and DVD players, to the computer.
Glossary
217
infrared sensor — Sensor for the Dell Travel Remote
integrated — Usually refers to components that are physically located on the
computer’s system board. Also referred to as built-in.
I/O — input/output — An operation or device that enters and extracts data from your
computer. Keyboards and printers are I/O devices.
I/O address — An address in RAM that is associated with a specific device (such as a
serial connector, parallel connector, or expansion slot) and allows the processor to
communicate with that device.
IrDA — Infrared Data Association — The organization that creates international
standards for infrared communications.
IRQ — interrupt request — An electronic pathway assigned to a specific device so
that the device can communicate with the processor. Each device connection must be
assigned an IRQ. Although two devices can share the same IRQ assignment, you
cannot operate both devices simultaneously.
ISP — Internet service provider — A company that allows you to access its host server
to connect directly to the Internet, send and receive e-mail, and access websites. The
ISP typically provides you with a software package, user name, and access phone
numbers for a fee.
K
Kb — kilobit — A unit of data that equals 1024 bits. A measurement of the capacity of
memory integrated circuits.
KB — kilobyte — A unit of data that equals 1024 bytes but is often referred to as
1000 bytes.
key combination — A command requiring you to press multiple keys at the same
time.
kHz — kilohertz — A measurement of frequency that equals 1000 Hz.
L
LAN — local area network — A computer network covering a small area. A LAN
usually is confined to a building or a few nearby buildings. A LAN can be connected to
another LAN over any distance through telephone lines and radio waves to form a
wide area network (WAN).
LCD — liquid crystal display — The technology used by portable computer and flatpanel displays.
218
Glossary
LED — light-emitting diode — An electronic component that emits light to indicate
the status of the computer.
local bus — A data bus that provides a fast throughput for devices to the processor.
LPT — line print terminal — The designation for a parallel connection to a printer or
other parallel device.
M
Mb — megabit — A measurement of memory chip capacity that equals 1024 Kb.
Mbps — megabits per second — One million bits per second. This measurement is
typically used for transmission speeds for networks and modems.
MB — megabyte — A measurement of data storage that equals 1,048,576 bytes. 1 MB
equals 1024 KB. When used to refer to hard drive storage, the term is often rounded to
1,000,000 bytes.
MB/sec — megabytes per second — One million bytes per second. This measurement
is typically used for data transfer ratings.
media bay — A bay that supports devices such as optical drives, a second battery, or a
Dell TravelLite™ module.
memory — A temporary data storage area inside your computer. Because the data in
memory is not permanent, it is recommended that you frequently save your files while
you are working on them, and always save your files before you shut down the
computer. Your computer can contain several different forms of memory, such as
RAM, ROM, and video memory. Frequently, the word memory is used as a synonym
for RAM.
memory address — A specific location where data is temporarily stored in RAM.
memory mapping — The process by which the computer assigns memory addresses to
physical locations at start-up. Devices and software can then identify information that
the processor can access.
memory module — A small circuit board containing memory chips, which connects to
the system board.
MHz — megahertz — A measure of frequency that equals 1 million cycles per second.
The speeds for computer processors, buses, and interfaces are often measured in MHz.
Mini PCI — A standard for integrated peripheral devices with an emphasis on
communications such as modems and NICs. A Mini PCI card is a small external card
that is functionally equivalent to a standard PCI expansion card.
Glossary
219
Mini-Card — A small card designed for integrated peripherals, such as
communication NICs. The Mini-Card is functionally equivalent to a standard PCI
expansion card.
Mobile Broadband network — (also known as a WWAN) is a series of interconnected
computers that communicate with each other through wireless cellular technology
and provides Internet access in the same varied locations from which cellular
telephone service is available. Your computer can maintain the Mobile Broadband
network connection regardless of its physical location, as long as the computer remains
in the service area of your cellular service provider.
modem — A device that allows your computer to communicate with other computers
over analog telephone lines. Three types of modems include: external, PC Card, and
internal. You typically use your modem to connect to the Internet and exchange email.
module bay — See media bay.
MP — megapixel — A measure of image resolution used for digital cameras.
ms — millisecond — A measure of time that equals one thousandth of a second.
Access times of storage devices are often measured in ms.
N
network adapter — A chip that provides network capabilities. A computer may
include a network adapter on its system board, or it may contain a PC Card with an
adapter on it. A network adapter is also referred to as a NIC (network interface
controller).
NIC — See network adapter.
notification area — The section of the Windows taskbar that contains icons for
providing quick access to programs and computer functions, such as the clock, volume
control, and print status. Also referred to as system tray.
ns — nanosecond — A measure of time that equals one billionth of a second.
NVRAM — nonvolatile random access memory — A type of memory that stores data
when the computer is turned off or loses its external power source. NVRAM is used for
maintaining computer configuration information such as date, time, and other system
setup options that you can set.
220
Glossary
O
optical drive — A drive that uses optical technology to read or write data from CDs,
DVDs, or DVD+RWs. Example of optical drives include CD drives, DVD drives,
CD-RW drives, and CD-RW/DVD combo drives.
P
parallel connector — An I/O port often used to connect a parallel printer to your
computer. Also referred to as an LPT port.
partition — A physical storage area on a hard drive that is assigned to one or more
logical storage areas known as logical drives. Each partition can contain multiple
logical drives.
PC Card — A removable I/O card adhering to the PCMCIA standard. Modems and
network adapters are common types of PC Cards.
PCI — peripheral component interconnect — PCI is a local bus that supports 32-and
64-bit data paths, providing a high-speed data path between the processor and devices
such as video, drives, and networks.
PCI Express — A modification to the PCI interface that boosts the data transfer rate
between the processor and the devices attached to it. PCI Express can transfer data at
speeds from 250 MB/sec to 4 GB/sec. If the PCI Express chip set and the device are
capable of different speeds, they will operate at the slower speed.
PCMCIA — Personal Computer Memory Card International Association — The
organization that establishes standards for PC Cards.
PIO — programmed input/output — A method of transferring data between two
devices through the processor as part of the data path.
pixel — A single point on a display screen. Pixels are arranged in rows and columns to
create an image. A video resolution, such as 800 x 600, is expressed as the number of
pixels across by the number of pixels up and down.
Plug-and-Play — The ability of the computer to automatically configure devices. Plug
and Play provides automatic installation, configuration, and compatibility with
existing hardware if the BIOS, operating system, and all devices are Plug and Play
compliant.
POST — power-on self-test — Diagnostics programs, loaded automatically by the
BIOS, that perform basic tests on the major computer components, such as memory,
hard drives, and video. If no problems are detected during POST, the computer
continues the start-up.
Glossary
221
processor — A computer chip that interprets and executes program instructions.
Sometimes the processor is referred to as the CPU (central processing unit).
PS/2 — personal system/2 — A type of connector for attaching a PS/2-compatible
keyboard, mouse, or keypad.
PXE — pre-boot execution environment — A WfM (Wired for Management)
standard that allows networked computers that do not have an operating system to be
configured and started remotely.
R
RAID — redundant array of independent disks — A method of providing data
redundancy. Some common implementations of RAID include RAID 0, RAID 1,
RAID 5, RAID 10, and RAID 50.
RAM — random-access memory — The primary temporary storage area for program
instructions and data. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you shut down your
computer.
readme file — A text file included with a software package or hardware product.
Typically, readme files provide installation information and describe new product
enhancements or corrections that have not yet been documented.
read-only — Data and/or files you can view but cannot edit or delete. A file can have
read-only status if:
• It resides on a physically write-protected floppy disk, CD, or DVD.
• It is located on a network in a directory and the system administrator has assigned
rights only to specific individuals.
refresh rate — The frequency, measured in Hz, at which your screen's horizontal lines
are recharged (sometimes also referred to as its vertical frequency). The higher the
refresh rate, the less video flicker can be seen by the human eye.
resolution — The sharpness and clarity of an image produced by a printer or displayed
on a monitor. The higher the resolution, the sharper the image.
RFI — radio frequency interference — Interference that is generated at typical radio
frequencies, in the range of 10 kHz to 100,000 MHz. Radio frequencies are at the
lower end of the electromagnetic frequency spectrum and are more likely to have
interference than the higher frequency radiations, such as infrared and light.
ROM — read-only memory — Memory that stores data and programs that cannot be
deleted or written to by the computer. ROM, unlike RAM, retains its contents after
you shut down your computer. Some programs essential to the operation of your
computer reside in ROM.
222
Glossary
RPM — revolutions per minute — The number of rotations that occur per minute.
Hard drive speed is often measured in rpm.
RTC — real time clock — Battery-powered clock on the system board that keeps the
date and time after you shut down the computer.
RTCRST — real-time clock reset — A jumper on the system board of some computers
that can often be used for troubleshooting problems.
S
SAS — serial attached SCSI — A faster, serial version of the SCSI interface (as
opposed to the original SCSI parallel architecture).
SATA — serial ATA — A faster, serial version of the ATA (IDE) interface.
ScanDisk — A Microsoft utility that checks files, folders, and the hard disk’s surface
for errors. ScanDisk often runs when you restart the computer after it has stopped
responding.
SCSI — small computer system interface — A high-speed interface used to connect
devices to a computer, such as hard drives, CD drives, printers, and scanners. The
SCSI can connect many devices using a single controller. Each device is accessed by an
individual identification number on the SCSI controller bus.
SDRAM — synchronous dynamic random-access memory — A type of DRAM that is
synchronized with the optimal clock speed of the processor.
serial connector — An I/O port often used to connect devices such as a handheld
digital device or digital camera to your computer.
Service Tag — A bar code label on your computer that identifies your computer when
you access Dell Support at support.dell.com or when you call Dell for customer service
or technical support.
setup program — A program that is used to install and configure hardware and
software. The setup.exe or install.exe program comes with most Windows software
packages. Setup program differs from system setup.
shortcut — An icon that provides quick access to frequently used programs, files,
folders, and drives. When you place a shortcut on your Windows desktop and doubleclick the icon, you can open its corresponding folder or file without having to find it
first. Shortcut icons do not change the location of files. If you delete a shortcut, the
original file is not affected. Also, you can rename a shortcut icon.
SIM — Subscriber Identity Module — A SIM card contains a microchip that encrypts
voice and data transmissions. SIM cards can be used in phones or portable computers.
Glossary
223
smart card — A card that is embedded with a processor and a memory chip. Smart
cards can be used to authenticate a user on computers equipped for smart cards.
S/PDIF — Sony/Philips Digital Interface — An audio transfer file format that allows
the transfer of audio from one file to another without converting it to and from an
analog format, which could degrade the quality of the file.
standby mode — A power management mode that shuts down all unnecessary
computer operations to save energy.
Strike Zone™ — Reinforced area of the platform base that protects the hard drive by
acting as a dampening device when a computer experiences resonating shock or is
dropped (whether the computer is on or off).
surge protectors — Prevent voltage spikes, such as those that may occur during an
electrical storm, from entering the computer through the electrical outlet. Surge
protectors do not protect against lightning strikes or against brownouts, which occur
when the voltage drops more than 20 percent below the normal AC-line voltage level.
Network connections cannot be protected by surge protectors. Always disconnect the
network cable from the network connector during electrical storms.
SVGA — super-video graphics array — A video standard for video cards and
controllers. Typical SVGA resolutions are 800 x 600 and 1024 x 768.
The number of colors and resolution that a program displays depends on the
capabilities of the monitor, the video controller and its drivers, and the amount of
video memory installed in the computer.
S-video TV-out — A connector used to attach a TV or digital audio device to the
computer.
SXGA — super-extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and
controllers that supports resolutions up to 1280 x 1024.
SXGA+ — super-extended graphics array plus — A video standard for video cards and
controllers that supports resolutions up to 1400 x 1050.
system board — The main circuit board in your computer. Also known as the
motherboard.
system setup — A utility that serves as an interface between the computer hardware
and the operating system. System setup allows you to configure user-selectable options
in the BIOS, such as date and time or system password. Unless you understand what
effect the settings have on the computer, do not change the settings for this program.
224
Glossary
T
TAPI — telephony application programming interface — Enables Windows programs
to operate with a wide variety of telephony devices, including voice, data, fax, and video.
text editor — A program used to create and edit files that contain only text; for example,
Windows Notepad uses a text editor. Text editors do not usually provide word wrap or
formatting functionality (the option to underline, change fonts, and so on).
TPM — trusted platform module — A hardware-based security feature that when
combined with security software enhances network and computer security by enabling
features such as file and e-mail protection.
travel module — A plastic device designed to fit inside the module bay of a portable
computer to reduce the weight of the computer.
U
UAC — user account control— Microsoft Windows® Vista® security feature that,
when enabled, provides an added layer of security between user accounts and access to
operating system settings.
UMA — unified memory allocation — System memory dynamically allocated to
video.
UPS — uninterruptible power supply — A backup power source used when the
electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. A UPS keeps a
computer running for a limited amount of time when there is no electrical power. UPS
systems typically provide surge suppression and may also provide voltage regulation.
Small UPS systems provide battery power for a few minutes to enable you to shut
down your computer.
USB — universal serial bus — A hardware interface for a low-speed device such as a
USB-compatible keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, set of speakers, printer,
broadband devices (DSL and cable modems), imaging devices, or storage devices.
Devices are plugged directly in to a 4-pin socket on your computer or in to a multi-port
hub that plugs in to your computer. USB devices can be connected and disconnected
while the computer is turned on, and they can also be daisy-chained together.
UTP — unshielded twisted pair — Describes a type of cable used in most telephone
networks and some computer networks. Pairs of unshielded wires are twisted to protect
against electromagnetic interference, rather than relying on a metal sheath around
each pair of wires to protect against interference.
UXGA — ultra extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and
controllers that supports resolutions up to 1600 x 1200.
Glossary
225
V
video controller — The circuitry on a video card or on the system board (in computers
with an integrated video controller) that provides the video capabilities—in
combination with the monitor—for your computer.
video memory — Memory that consists of memory chips dedicated to video functions.
Video memory is usually faster than system memory. The amount of video memory
installed primarily influences the number of colors that a program can display.
video mode — A mode that describes how text and graphics are displayed on a
monitor. Graphics-based software, such as Windows operating systems, displays in
video modes that can be defined as x horizontal pixels by y vertical pixels by z colors.
Character-based software, such as text editors, displays in video modes that can be
defined as x columns by y rows of characters.
video resolution — See resolution.
virus — A program that is designed to inconvenience you or to destroy data stored on
your computer. A virus program moves from one computer to another through an
infected disk, software downloaded from the Internet, or e-mail attachments. When
an infected program starts, its embedded virus also starts.
A common type of virus is a boot virus, which is stored in the boot sectors of a floppy
disk. If the floppy disk is left in the drive when the computer is shut down and then
turned on, the computer is infected when it reads the boot sectors of the floppy disk
expecting to find the operating system. If the computer is infected, the boot virus may
replicate itself onto all the floppy disks that are read or written in that computer until
the virus is eradicated.
V — volt — The measurement of electric potential or electromotive force. One V
appears across a resistance of 1 ohm when a current of 1 ampere flows through that
resistance.
W
W — watt — The measurement of electrical power. One W is 1 ampere of current
flowing at 1 volt.
WHr — watt-hour — A unit of measure commonly used to indicate the approximate
capacity of a battery. For example, a 66-WHr battery can supply 66 W of power for
1 hour or 33 W for 2 hours.
wallpaper — The background pattern or picture on the Windows desktop. Change
your wallpaper through the Windows Control Panel. You can also scan in your favorite
picture and make it wallpaper.
226
Glossary
WLAN — wireless local area network. A series of interconnected computers that
communicate with each other over the air waves using access points or wireless routers
to provide Internet access.
write-protected — Files or media that cannot be changed. Use write-protection when
you want to protect data from being changed or destroyed. To write-protect a 3.5-inch
floppy disk, slide its write-protect tab to the open position.
WPAN — wireless personal area network. A computer network used for communication
among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to
one person.
WWAN — wireless wide area network. A wireless high-speed data network using
cellular technology and covering a much larger geographic area than WLAN.
WXGA — wide-aspect extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards
and controllers that supports resolutions up to 1280 x 800."
X
XGA — extended graphics array — A video standard for video cards and controllers
that supports resolutions up to 1024 x 768.
Z
ZIF — zero insertion force — A type of socket or connector that allows a computer
chip to be installed or removed with no stress applied to either the chip or its socket.
Zip — A popular data compression format. Files that have been compressed with the
Zip format are called Zip files and usually have a filename extension of .zip. A special
kind of zipped file is a self-extracting file, which has a filename extension of .exe. You
can unzip a self-extracting file by double-clicking it.
Zip drive — A high-capacity floppy drive developed by Iomega Corporation that uses
3.5-inch removable disks called Zip disks. Zip disks are slightly larger than regular
floppy disks, about twice as thick, and hold up to 100 MB of data.
Glossary
227
228
Glossary
Index
Numerics
8-in-1 memory card reader, 91
Bluetooth wireless technology
card
device status light, 25
installing, 180
A
Blu-ray Disc, 64-65, 67
audio device
connecting, 69
enabling, 84
boot sequence, 204
brightness
adjusting, 41
audio. See sound
C
B
camera, 23
battery
charge gauge, 55
charging, 58
checking the charge, 54
performance, 53
power meter, 55
removing, 59
replacing coin-cell battery, 181
storing, 60
carnet, 186
BD. See Blu-ray Disc
blank cards
ExpressCards, 87
memory card, 91
removing, 89, 92
CD
about, 64
CD-RW drive problems, 115
drive problems, 115
Check Disk, 116
cleaning
display, 206
keyboard, 206
media, 208
mouse, 207
touch pad, 207
coin-cell battery
replacing, 181
Index
229
computer
crashes, 127-128
restore to previous operating
state, 145
slow performance, 118, 129
specifications, 193
stops responding, 127
conflicts
software and hardware
incompatibilities, 143
connecting
audio device, 69
Mobile Broadband network, 99
TV, 69
contacting Dell, 192
copying CDs
general information, 64
helpful tips, 66
how to, 64
copying DVDs
general information, 64
helpful tips, 66
how to, 64
D
Dell
contacting, 192
Dell Diagnostics
about, 107
starting from the Drivers and
Utilities media, 109
starting from your hard drive, 108
230
Index
Dell MediaDirect
about, 26
problems, 128
Dell support site, 17
DellConnect, 188
device latch release
description, 33
device status lights
description, 24
diagnostics
Dell, 107
digital array microphones, 26
display
adjusting brightness, 41
adjusting the size of icons, 183
adjusting the size of toolbars, 183
description, 23
dual display operation, 43
resolution, 44
switching the video image, 41
documentation
End User License Agreement, 16
ergonomics, 16
online, 17
Product Information Guide, 16
regulatory, 16
safety, 16
warranty, 16
Dolby headphones, setting
up, 84
drivers
about, 139
identifying, 140
reinstalling, 140
FCM. See Flash Cache Module
Drivers and Utilities media, 15
about, 141
Dell Diagnostics, 107
H
drives
problems, 114
See also hard drive
See also optical drive
DVD
about, 64
drive problems, 115
Flash Cache Module, 178
hard drive
description, 33
problems, 116
replacing, 156
returning to Dell, 158
hardware
conflicts, 143
Dell Diagnostics, 107
Hardware Troubleshooter, 143
hibernate mode, 57
E
End User License Agreement, 16
hinge cover
removing, 160
ergonomics information, 16
error messages, 119
I
ExpressCard slot
description, 28
icons
adjusting the size, 183
ExpressCards, 87
blanks, 87, 89
installing, 88
removing, 89
IEEE 1394 connector
description, 29
problems, 124
F
installing, 170
infrared sensor
description, 33
Factory Image Restore, 147, 149
fan
description, 33
Index
231
Internet connection
about, 35
options, 35
setting up, 36
IRQ conflicts, 143
K
keyboard
numeric keypad, 47
problems, 125
removing, 161
shortcuts, 48
memory
DIMM A, 165
DIMM B, 166
installing, 163
removing, 164, 167
memory card, 91
blanks, 91-92
installing, 91
reader, 29
removing, 92
memory card reader, 91
memory module cover
description, 33
keyboard status lights
description, 26
messages
error, 119
keypad
numeric, 47
Mini Card
installing, 170
WLAN, 170
WPAN, 170
WWAN, 170
L
labels
Microsoft Windows, 16
Service Tag, 16
lost computer, 105
Mobile Broadband
network connections, 99
problems, 131
See also wireless switch
modem connector
description, 31
M
monitor. See display
media
playing, 61
media control buttons
Dell MediaDirect button, 68
description, 25
232
Index
N
network
installing WLAN Mini Card, 170
Mobile Broadband
(WWAN), 131
problems, 131
QuickSet, 183
network connector
description, 30
O
operating system
reinstalling Windows Vista, 145
P
PC Restore, 147
phone numbers, 192
power
hibernate mode, 57
line conditioners, 39
problems, 132
protection devices, 39
standby mode, 56
surge protectors, 39
UPS, 39
power button
description, 23
power light
conditions, 132
power management
adjusting settings, 183
QuickSet, 183
printer
cable, 38
connecting, 37
problems, 133
setting up, 37
USB, 38
problems
blue screen, 128
CD drive, 115
CD-RW drive, 115
computer crashes, 127-128
computer does not start up, 127
computer stops responding, 127
conflicts, 143
Dell Diagnostics, 107
Dell MediaDirect, 128
drives, 114
DVD drive, 115
error messages, 119
hard drive, 116
IEEE 1394 connector, 124
keyboard, 125
lockups, 127
network, 131
power, 132
power light conditions, 132
printer, 133
program crashes repeatedly, 127
program stops responding, 127
programs and Windows
compatibility, 127
Index
233
problems (continued)
restore computer to previous
operating state, 145
restore operating system to
previous state, 144
scanner, 134
slow computer performance, 118,
129
software, 127, 129
sound and speakers, 135
speakers, 135
spyware, 118, 129
Safely Remove Hardware
icon, 124
safety instructions, 16
scanner
problems, 134
screen. See display
security cable slot
description, 27
Service Tag, 16
Product Information Guide, 16
SIM. See Subscriber Identity
Module
Q
software
conflicts, 143
problems, 127, 129
QuickSet, 183
QuickSet Help, 18
R
RAM. See memory
regulatory information, 16
reinstalling
Windows Vista, 145
software and hardware
incompatibilities, 143
sound
problems, 135
volume, 135
speakers
description, 33
problems, 135
volume, 135
specifications, 193
resolution
setting, 44
spyware, 118, 129
S
stolen computer, 105
S/PDIF digital audio
enabling, 84
234
Index
standby mode
about, 56
Subscriber Identity Module, 169
support
contacting Dell, 192
support website, 17
S-video TV-out connector
description, 31
System Restore, 144-145
system setup program
commonly used options, 204
screens, 204
viewing, 204
T
taskbar
Dell Mobile Broadband Card
Utility, 131
Dell Support Utility, 18
QuickSet icon, 183
Safely Remove Hardware, 124
wireless activity indicator, 99
telephone numbers, 192
toolbars
adjusting the size, 183
touch pad, 50
cleaning, 207
customizing, 51
touch pad buttons
description, 25
track stick/touch pad buttons
description, 25
transferring information to a new
computer, 37
traveling with the computer
by air, 186
identification tag, 185
packing, 185
tips, 186
troubleshooting
conflicts, 143
Dell Diagnostics, 107
Hardware Troubleshooter, 143
restore computer to previous
operating state, 144-145
TV
connecting, 69
types, 91
U
uninterruptible power supply.
See UPS
UPS, 39
USB connector
description, 31
V
video
problems, 137
video controller
determining configuration, 21
video controller configuration
determining what controller is
installed, 21
Index
235
volume
adjusting, 135
WPAN
installing, 177
W
warranty information, 16
Windows Easy Transfer
wizard, 37
Windows Vista
Device Driver Rollback, 140
Factory Image Restore, 147
Program Compatibility
wizard, 127
reinstalling, 145
System Restore, 144-145
Windows Easy Transfer wizard, 37
Windows XP
Device Driver Rollback, 141
Hardware Troubleshooter, 143
hibernate mode, 57
PC Restore, 147
Program Compatibility
wizard, 127
reinstalling, 150
standby mode, 56
wireless
turning activity on and off, 183
wizards
Program Compatibility
wizard, 127
Windows Easy Transfer, 37
236
WLAN, 170
installing Mini Card, 170
Index
WWAN
installing, 173
See also Mobile Broadband