McCulloch MC550 Operator`s manual

MC550
Operator's manual / /96083000300 / 2010-01
433691
01.12.10 AP
Printed in the U.S.A.
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Walk-Behind Powered Rotary Tillers
TRAINING
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Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. Be thoroughly
familiar with the controls and the proper use of the
equipment. Know how to stop the unit and disengage
the controls quickly.
Never allow children to operate the equipment. Never
allow adults to operate the equipment without proper
instruction.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children, and pets.
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PREPARATION
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Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is
to be used and remove all foreign objects.
Disengage all clutches and shift into neutral before
starting the engine (motor).
Do not operate the equipment without wearing adequate
outer garments. Wear footwear that will improve footing
on slippery surfaces.
Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable.
Use an approved fuel container.
Never add fuel to a running engine or hot engine.
Fill fuel tank outdoors with extreme care. Never fill fuel
tank indoors.
Replace gasoline cap securely and clean up spilled
fuel before restarting.
Use extension cords and receptacles as specified by
the manufacturer for all units with electric drive motors
or electric starting motors.
Never attempt to make any adjustments while the
engine (motor) is running (except where specifically
recommended by manufacturer).
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
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Keep machine, attachments, and accessories in safe
working condition.
Check shear pins, engine mounting bolts, and other
bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness to ensure
the equipment is in safe working condition.
Never store the machine with fuel in the fuel tank inside
a building where ignition sources are present, such
as hot water and space heaters, clothes dryers, and
the like. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
Always refer to the operator’s guide instructions for
important details if the tiller is to be stored for an extended period.
- IMPORTANT CAUTIONS, IMPORTANTS, AND NOTES ARE A MEANS OF
ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO IMPORTANT OR CRITICAL
INFORMATION IN THIS MANUAL.
IMPORTANT: USED TO ALERT YOU THAT THERE IS A
POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGING THIS EQUIPMENT.
OPERATION
•
•
Keep children and pets away.
Do not overload the machine capacity by attempting
to till too deep at too fast a rate.
Never operate the machine at high speeds on slippery
surfaces. Look behind and use care when backing.
Never allow bystanders near the unit.
Use only attachments and accessories approved by
the manufacturer of the tiller.
Never operate the tiller without good visibility or light.
Be careful when tilling in hard ground. The tines may
catch in the ground and propel the tiller forward. If this
occurs, let go of the handlebars and do not restrain the
machine.
Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden
hazards or traffic. Do not carry passengers.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine (motor),
remove the wire from the spark plug, thoroughly inspect
the tiller for any damage, and repair the damage before
restarting and operating the tiller.
Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.
If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the
engine (motor) and check immediately for the cause.
Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
Stop the engine (motor) when leaving the operating
position.
Take all possible precautions when leaving the machine
unattended. Disengage the tines, shift into neutral, and
stop the engine.
Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, shut off the
engine and make certain all moving parts have stopped.
Disconnect the spark plug wire, and keep the wire away
from the plug to prevent accidental starting. Disconnect
the cord on electric motors.
Do not run the engine indoors; exhaust fumes are
dangerous.
Never operate the tiller without proper guards, plates,
or other safety protective devices in place.
NOTE: Gives essential information that will aid you to better understand, incorporate, or execute a particular set of
instructions.
Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It means
CAUTION!!! BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED.
CAUTION: Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug in order to prevent accidental starting when setting
up, transporting, adjusting or making
repairs.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
2
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
•
•
Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for
and using your tiller.
Follow instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage”
sections of this Manual.
Gasoline Capacity:
0.9 Quarts (0,85 L)
Unleaded Regular
Oil (API-SG-SL):
(Capacity: 20 oz./0.6L)
SAE 10w-30(Above 32°F/0°C)
SAE 5w-30(Below 32°F/0°C)
•
Spark Plug:
(Gap: .030"/0.76mm)
Champion RJ19LM or J19LM
IMPORTANT: THIS UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN INTERNAL
COMBUSTION ENGINE AND SHOULD NOT BE USED ON
OR NEAR ANY UNIMPROVED FOREST-COVERED, BRUSHCOVERED OR GRASS COVERED LAND UNLESS THE
ENGINE'S EXHAUST SYSTEM IS EQUIPPED WITH A SPARK
ARRESTER MEETING APPLICABLE LOCAL LAWS (IF ANY).
IF A SPARK ARRESTER IS USED, IT SHOULD BE MAINTAINED
IN EFFECTIVE WORKING ORDER BY THE OPERATOR.
IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, A SPARK ARRESTER IS
REQUIRED BY LAW (SECTION 4442 OF THE CALIFORNIA
PUBLIC RESOURCES CODE). OTHER STATES MAY HAVE
SIMILAR LAWS. FEDERAL LAWS APPLY ON FEDERAL LANDS.
SEE YOUR AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT
FOR SPARK ARRESTER.
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tiller. It
has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problems you cannot easily
remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service
center. We have competent, well-trained technicians and
the proper tools to service or repair this unit.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tiller properly.
Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 10-12
SERVICE & ADJUSTMENTS ................................. 13-14
STORAGE .................................................................... 15
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................. 16
PARTS..................................................................... 17-21
SAFETY RULES ............................................................ 2
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 3
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 3
ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 4-5
OPERATION ............................................................... 6-9
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 10
3
ASSEMBLY
Your new tiller has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tiller all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary ensure proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
UNPACK CARTON & INSTALL HANDLE
(See Fig. 2 and 3)
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed.
(1) Utility Knife
CAUTION: Be careful of exposed
staples when handling or disposing of
carton material.
OPERATOR’S POSITION (See Fig. 1)
IMPORTANT: WHEN UNPACKING AND ASSEMBLING TILLER,
BE CAREFUL NOT TO STRETCH OR KINK CABLE(S).
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it
means when you are in the operating position (standing
behind tiller handles).
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FRONT
•
LEFT
Cut cable ties securing handle column.
Remove all packing from carton.
Remove lower handle column from carton.
Position lower handle column between bent tubes,
lining up holes as shown.
Secure lower handle column using two (2) 4-1/2" carriage bolts, two (2) washers and two (2) handle knobs.
Tighten securely.
LOWER HANDLE
COLUMN
RIGHT
KNOBS
WASHERS
OPERATOR'S POSITION
BENT
TUBES
BOLTS
Fig. 1
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CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK
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(1) Washer
(3) Handle Knobs
Fig. 2
Remove upper handle column from carton.
Route cable(s) as shown and slide upper handle column
onto lower handle column.
Secure upper handle column using two (2) 2-1/2" carriage bolts and two (2) handle knobs. Tighten securely.
Cut away carton.
Cut cable ties securing tiller to skid. Remove tiller from
skid by pulling backwards.
Manual
UPPER
HANDLE
COLUMN
(1) Carriage Bolt
5/16”-18 unc x 4-1/2”
(1) Clevis Pin
TINE
CONTROL
CABLE
(2) Carriage Bolts
5/16”-18 unc x 2-1/2”
(1) Hairpin Clip
BOLTS
KNOBS
Fig. 3
4
ASSEMBLY
TO INSTALL DEPTH STAKE (See Fig. 4)
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Remove screw(s) securing depth stake to skid and
discard the screw(s).
Slide depth stake down into transport arm track, lining up a hole in the depth stake with hole in transport
arm.
Install clevis pin and hairpin clip.
DEPTH
STAKE
CLEVIS PIN
HAIRPIN CLIP
Fig. 4
TILLING WIDTH
•
Tilling width may be adjusted to better handle your
tilling conditions (See “TINE ARRANGEMENT” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual.)
TINE OPERATION
•
Check tine operation before first use. (See “TINE
OPERATION CHECK” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.)
5
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TILLER
READ THIS MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TILLER.
Compare the illustrations with your tiller to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments. Save
this manual for future reference.
These symbols may appear on your Tiller or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.
FORWARD TINE CONTROL
PRIMER
RECOIL
STARTER
HANDLE
THROTTLE
CONTROL
DEPTH STAKE
Fig. 5
MEETS ANSI SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
Our tillers conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
DEPTH STAKE - Controls forward speed and the depth at
which the tiller will dig.
FORWARD TINE CONTROL - Engages tines in forward
direction.
RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Used to start the engine.
direction.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Controls engine speed.
PRIMER - pumps additional fuel from the carburetor to the
cylinder for use when starting a cold engine.
6
OPERATION
The operation of any tiller can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in
severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields before starting your tiller and while
tilling. We recommend a wide vision safety mask for over spectacles or standard safety glasses.
00155
HOW TO USE YOUR TILLER
TILLING
The speed and depth of tilling is regulated by the position
of the depth stake.
The depth stake should always be below the wheels for
digging. It serves as a brake to slow the tiller’s forward
motion to enable the tines to penetrate the ground. Also,
the more the depth stake is lowered into the ground the
deeper the tines will dig.
Know how to operate all controls before adding fuel and
oil or attempting to start engine.
STOPPING (See Fig. 6)
TINES
1. Release tine control to stop movement.
ENGINE
2. Move throttle control to "STOP" position.
DEPTH STAKE (See Fig. 7)
Adjust depth stake by removing the hairpin clip and clevis
pin. Change depth stake to desired position. Replace the
clevis pin and hairpin clip.
• For normal tilling, set depth stake at the second or third
hole from the top.
TINE CONTROL
“OFF” (UP) POSITION
TINE CONTROL
“ON” (DOWN) POSITION
DEPTH
STAKE
HAIRPIN
CLIP
THROTTLE
CONTROL
CLEVIS PIN
Fig. 7
TO TRANSPORT
CAUTION: Before lifting or transporting, allow tiller engine and muffler to
cool. Disconnect spark plug wire. Drain
gasoline from fuel tank.
AROUND THE YARD
• Adjust depth stake so clevis pin is in bottom hole.
• Push tiller handles down, raising tines off the
ground.
• Push or pull tiller to desired location.
Fig. 6
TINE OPERATION (See Fig. 6)
•
Squeeze tine control to handle.
AROUND TOWN
• Disconnect spark plug wire.
• Drain fuel tank.
• Transport in upright position to prevent oil leakage.
7
OPERATION
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES BELOW
32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE GASOLINE
TO HELP ENSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER STARTING.
IMPORTANT: BE VERY CAREFUL NOT TO ALLOW DIRT TO
ENTER THE ENGINE WHEN CHECKING OR ADDING OIL OR
FUEL. USE CLEAN OIL AND FUEL AND STORE IN APPROVED,
CLEAN, COVERED CONTAINERS. USE CLEAN FILL FUNNELS.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol
or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture
which leads to separation and formation of acids
during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine
problems, the fuel system should be emptied before
storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank,
start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season.
See Storage Instructions for additional information.
Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products
in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL (See Fig. 8)
1. Remove hangtag from engine.
2. The engine in your unit has been shipped, from the factory, already filled with SAE 30 summer weight oil.
3. With engine level, remove engine oil filler plug.
4. Engine oil should be at "FULL" line on dipstick. If
low, fill to "FULL" line. For approximate capacity, see
"PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" on page 3 of this
manual.
5. Reinstall engine oil filler plug.
6. Check oil before each use. Add oil if needed.
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 9)
CAUTION: DO NOT overfill engine with oil, or it
will smoke heavily from the muffler on startup.
•
•
CAUTION: KEEP TINE CONTROL IN “OFF”
POSITION WHEN STARTING ENGINE.
For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section of
this manual.
NOTE: Due to protective coatings on the engine, a small
amount of smoke may be present during the initial use of
the product and should be considered normal.
1. Make sure spark plug wire is properly connected.
3. Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
4. To start a cold engine, push primer three (3) times
before trying to start. Use a firm push. This step is
not usually necessary when starting an engine which
has already run for a few minutes.
5. Grasp recoil starter handle with one hand and grasp
tiller handle with other hand. Pull recoil starter handle
quickly. Do not let starter rope snap back.
NOTE: In cooler weather it may be necessary to repeat
priming steps. In warmer weather over priming may cause
flooding and engine will not start. If you do flood engine,
wait a few minutes before attempting to start and do not
repeat priming steps.
OIL FILLER CAP
MAXIMUM UPPER LEVEL
MINIMUM UPPER LEVEL
RECOIL
STARTER
HANDLE
Fig. 8
THROTTLE
CONTROL
ADD GASOLINE
•
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill.
Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a
minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce
valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel
in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure
fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Do not fill above 1/2 inch of
top of fuel tank to prevent spills and to
allow for fuel expansion. If gasoline is
accidentally spilled, move machine away from area
of spill. Avoid creating any source of ignition until
gasoline vapors have disappeared.
Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill
or use gasoline near an open flame.
PRIMER
SPARK
PLUG
Fig. 9
8
OPERATION
BREAKING IN YOUR TILLER
Break-in your belt(s), pulleys and tine control before you
actually begin tilling.
• Start engine, tip tines off ground by pressing handles
down and engage tine control to start tine rotation.
Allow tines to rotate for five minutes.
TILLING HINTS
3
4
CAUTION: Until you are accustomed
to handling your tiller, start actual field
use with throttle in slow position.
5
To help tiller move forward, lift up the handles slightly (thus
lifting depth stake out of ground). To slow down the tiller,
press down on handles.
If you are straining or tiller is shaking, the depth stake is
not set properly in the soil being tilled. The proper setting
of the depth stake is through trial and error and depends
upon the soil condition. (The harder or wetter the ground,
the slower the engine and tine speed needed. Under these
poor conditions, at fast speed the tiller will run and jump
over the ground).
A properly adjusted tiller will dig with little effort from the
operator.
• Tilling is digging into, turning over, and breaking up
packed soil before planting. Loose, unpacked soil
helps root growth. Best tilling depth is 4"-6". A tiller
will also clear the soil of unwanted vegetation. The
decomposition of this vegetable matter enriches the
soil. Depending on the climate (rainfall and wind), it
may be advisable to till the soil at the end of the growing season to further condition the soil.
• Soil conditions are important for proper tilling. Tines will
not readily penetrate dry, hard soil which may contribute
to excessive bounce and difficult handling of your tiller.
Hard soil should be moistened before tilling; however,
extremely wet soil will “ball-up” or clump during tilling.
Wait until the soil is less wet in order to achieve the
best results. When tilling in the fall, remove vines and
long grass to prevent them from wrapping around the
tine shaft and slowing your tilling operation.
• You will find tilling much easier if you leave a row
untilled between passes. Then go back between tilled
rows. (See Fig. 10) There are two reasons for doing
this. First, wide turns are much easier to negotiate than
about-faces. Second, the tiller won’t be pulling itself,
and you, toward the row next to it.
• Set depth stake for shallow tilling when working extremely hard soil or sod. Then work across the first
cuts at normal depth.
2
6
1
7
Fig. 10
CULTIVATING
Cultivating is destroying the weeds between rows to prevent them from robbing nourishment and moisture from the
plants. At the same time, breaking up the upper layer of
soil crust will help retain moisture in the soil. Best digging
depth is 1"-3".
• You will probably not need to use the depth stake. Begin
by tipping the depth stake forward until it is held by the
stake spring.
• Cultivate up and down the rows at a speed which will
allow tines to uproot weeds and leave the ground in
rough condition, promoting no further growth of weeds
and grass (See Fig. 11).
Fig. 11
9
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
BE
FO
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
RE
EA
CH
FIR
US
ST
E
5H
OU
R
EV
S
ER
Y8
HO
UR
EV
S
ER
Y2
5H
OU
EV
RS
ER
OR
Y5
0H
AN
NU
O
UR
AN
AL
NU
SO
LY
AL
R
LY
AN
NU
AL
LY
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE DATES
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil
3
1,2
Oil Pivot Points
Inspect Spark Arrester / Muffler
Clean Air Cooling System
2
Clean Air Filter
2
Replace Air Filter
Clean Area Around Muffler And Controls
Replace Spark Plug
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
3 - Initial oil change should be performed after first five (5) hours of operations.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
LUBRICATION CHART
The warranty on this tiller does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, the operator must maintain
tiller as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tiller.
At least once a season, check to see if you should make
any of the adjustments described in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
• Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean
or replace air filter, and check tines and belts for wear.
A new spark plug and clean air filter assure proper airfuel mixture and help your engine run better and last
longer.
c TINE CONTROL
d ENGINE
BEFORE EACH USE
•
•
•
Check engine oil level.
Check tine operation.
Check for loose fasteners.
LUBRICATION
Keep unit well lubricated (See “LUBRICATION CHART”).
cSAE 30 OR 10W-30 MOTOR OIL
dREFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION
10
MAINTENANCE
Disconnect spark plug wire before performing any maintenance (except carburetor adjustment) to
prevent accidental starting of engine.
Prevent fires! Keep the engine free of grass, leaves, spilled oil, or fuel. Remove fuel from tank
before tipping unit for maintenance. Clean muffler area of all grass, dirt, and debris.
Do not touch hot muffler or cylinder fins as contact may cause burns.
ENGINE
3. Tip tiller on its side as shown and drain oil into a suitable
container. Rock tiller back and forth to remove any oil
trapped inside of engine.
4. Wipe off any spilled oil from tiller or side of engine.
5. Slowly pour oil down the oil fill spout, stopping every
few ounces to check the oil level with the dipstick.
6. Stop adding oil when you reach the FULL mark on the
dipstick. Wait a minute to allow oil to settle.
7. Continue adding small amounts of oil, rechecking the
dipstick until oil level settles at FULL. DO NOT overfill, or engine will smoke heavily from the muffler on
startup.
8. Always be sure to retighten oil dipstick before starting
engine.
9. Reconnect spark plug wire to spark plug.
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected temperature.
104
40
50
32
14
-4
30
20
10
0
5W-30
68
10W-30
86
SYNTHETIC 5W-30
°C
SAE 30
°F
-10
AIR FILTER
-20
-30
-22
Your engine will not run properly and may be damaged
by using a dirty air filter. Clean the element after every 25
hours of operation or every season. Replace the air filter
every season. Service air cleaner more often under dusty
conditions.
TO CLEAN AIR FILTER ELEMENT
1. Remove screw.
2. Remove air cleaner carefully to prevent dirt from entering carburetor.
3. Take air cleaner apart and clean air filter element.
4. Wash filter element in liquid detergent and water.
5. Wrap filter element in cloth and squeeze dry.
6. Lightly coat filter element with clean engine oil. Squeeze
in towel to remove excess oil. Do not saturate.
7. Reassemble parts and put back on carburetor.
Fig. 12
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.)
improve starting in cold weather, these multi viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption when used above
32°F (0°C). Check your engine oil level more frequently to
avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least
once a year if the tiller is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of continuous use. Add SAE
30 motor oil or equivalent. Tighten oil filler plug securely
each time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Fig. 13)
NOTE: Before tipping tiller to drain oil, empty fuel tank by
running engine until fuel tank is empty.
1. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place
wire where it cannot come in contact with plug.
2. Remove engine oil cap; lay aside on a clean surface.
ASSEMBLE ONE OF THESE
LOW POINTS TOWARDS
NARROW EDGE OF ELEMENT
SCREW
CUP
LIP
ELEMENT
ASSEMBLE SO LIP
EXTENDS OVER
EDGE OF AIR
CLEANER BODY
LIP WILL FORM
PROTECTIVE SEAL
WHEN COVER IS
ASSEMBLED
CONTAINER
SPARK PLUG WIRE
Fig. 13
11
Fig. 14
BODY
MAINTENANCE
COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 15)
SPARK PLUG
Your engine is air cooled. For proper engine performance
and long life keep your engine clean.
• Remove blower housing and clean as necessary.
• Keep cylinder fins free of dirt and chaff.
TRANSMISSION
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each tilling season.
Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual.
Your transmission is sealed and will not require lubrication
unless serviced.
BLOWER HOUSING
CLEANING
Do not clean your tiller when the engine and transmission
are hot. We do not recommend using pressurized water
(garden hose, etc.) to clean your unit unless the gasket
area around the transmission and the engine muffler, air
filter and carburetor are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine will shorten the useful life of your tiller.
• Clean engine, wheels, finish, etc. of all foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
COOLING
FINS
MUFFLER
MUFFLER
Fig. 15
Do not operate tiller without muffler. Do not tamper with
exhaust system. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters
could create a fire hazard. Inspect periodically and replace
if necessary. If your engine is equipped with a spark arrester
screen assembly, remove every 50 hours for cleaning and
inspection. Replace if damaged.
12
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come into
contact with plug.
TILLER
TO CHECK TINE OPERATION
•
TINE ARRANGEMENT
•
•
Your outer tines can be assembled in several different ways
to suit your tilling or cultivating needs.
TO REMOVE CLUTCH HOUSING/ENGINE
ASSEMBLY (SEE FIG. 19)
CAUTION: Tines are sharp. Wear gloves
or other protection when handling tines.
•
•
NORMAL TILLING - 24" PATH (See Fig. 16)
• Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes “B” in tine shaft.
•
OUTER
TINE
CLEVIS
PIN
Start engine, tip tines off ground by pressing handles
down and engage tine control to start tine rotation.
Verify tines spin properly.
Allow tines to rotate for five minutes.
Drain engine oil and gasoline out of engine.
Remove (5) carriage bolts and (5) lock nuts attaching
the clutch housing and tine shield to transmission.
Remove clutch housing/engine assembly and lay on
ground (engine is upside down).
A
A
CARRIAGE
BOLTS
B
B
tine_4
HAIRPIN CLIP
INNER TINE
Fig. 16
MID-WIDTH TILLING - 22" PATH (See Fig. 17)
• Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes “C” in tine shaft.
A
C
C
A
tine_5
Fig. 17
Fig. 19
NARROW TILLING/CULTIVATING - 13" PATH
(See Fig. 18)
• Remove outer tines.
tine_6
INNER TINES ONLY
Fig. 18
NOTE: When reassembling outer tines, ensure right tine
assembly (marked “R”) and left tine assembly (marked “L”)
are mounted to correct side of tine shaft.
13
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE V-BELT (SEE Fig. 20 - 22)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clutch housing/engine assembly must be removed to
service belt. See "TO REMOVE CLUTCH HOUSINGIENGINE ASSEMBLY" in this section of manual.
Using pliers, remove cable spring and return spring
from pivot bracket.
Remove plastic snap-in plug from clutch housing.
Using pliers, depress conduit fitting tabs and pull conduit
fitting through hole in clutch housing.
Pull cable spring and cable through snap-in plug hole
in clutch housing.
CLUTCH
HOUSING
BELT
GUIDE
STUD
RETURN
SPRING
•
•
ENGINE
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
The carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment
should not be necessary. However, engine performance
can be affected by differences in fuel, temperature, altitude
or load. If the carburetor does need adjustment, contact
your nearest authorized service center/department
CABLE
SPRING
SNAP-IN
PLUG
IMPORTANT: NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE SPEED.
OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY HIGH
SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK THE
ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING,
CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/
DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND
EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS.
TABS
CONDUIT
FITTING
CABLE
Fig. 20
•
Remove bolt, washer, and lock nut attaching idler
bracket to clutch housing.
WASHER
BOLT
CLUTCH
HOUSING
SNAP-IN
PLUG
LOCK NUT
Fig. 21
•
Remove bolt, washer, and lock nut attaching idler pulley
to idler bracket. Remove bushing from between idler
bracket and clutch housing.
BOLT
IDLER PULLEY
Replace belt and reinstall pulley, idler bracket, conduit
fitting, springs, and hardware in reverse order.
Reinstall clutch housing/engine assembly, making sure
belt is inside belt guide stud.
Check tine operation. See "To Check Tine Operation"
in this section of manual.
WASHER
IDLER BRACKET
BUSHING
LOCK NUT
Fig. 22
14
STORAGE
OTHER
Immediately prepare your tiller for storage at the end of the
season or if the unit will not be used for 30 days or more.
•
•
WARNING: Never store the tiller with gasoline
in the tank inside a building where fumes may
reach an open flame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure.
•
•
TILLER
•
•
•
•
•
Clean entire tiller (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance
section of this manual).
Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this
manual.
Ensure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary.
Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
If possible, store your unit indoors and cover it to give
protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your unit with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your unit to rust.
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TILLER WHILE ENGINE AND
EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.
TILLER HANDLE STORAGE OPTIONS
The tiller handle assembly can be modified to allow for a
variety of storage positions outlined below.
CAUTION: Do not start or operate tiller when
handle is in any of these positions.
STORAGE POSITION: AGAINST ENGINE
(See Fig. 23)
•
ENGINE
•
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS
FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH
AS THE CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK
DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT
ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING
ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH
LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM
OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.
Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in
the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stablizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage.
Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stablizer container.
Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stablizer to
allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty
the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
Unscrew top or bottom handle knob and washer, and
remove top or bottom carriage bolt.
Rotate entire handle assembly about carriage bolt
(pivot point) and lay handle against engine shroud.
•
TOP
KNOB
TOP CARRIAGE BOLT
Fig. 23
STORAGE POSITION: IN TRANSPORT ARM
STORAGE FEATURE (See Fig. 24)
•
•
Unscrew (2) handle knobs and remove (2) carriage bolts.
Remove top handle assembly and place it in handle
storage feature in transport arm.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean oil. (See
“ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual.)
BOTTOM
HANDLE
KNOB
CYLINDER(S)
•
•
•
•
Remove spark plug.
Pour 1 ounce (29 ml) of oil through spark plug hole into
cylinder.
Pull starter handle slowly several times to distribute
oil.
Replace with new spark plug.
TOP
HANDLE
KNOB
15
Fig. 24
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Out of fuel.
Engine not “CHOKED” properly.
Engine flooded.
Dirty air cleaner.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Clogged fuel tank.
Loose spark plug wire.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Bad spark plug or improper gap.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
8.
9.
Fill fuel tank.
See “TO START ENGINE” in the Operation section.
Wait several minutes before attempting to start.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with
fresh gasoline.
Remove fuel tank and clean.
Ensure spark plug wire is seated properly on
plug.
Replace spark plug or adjust gap.
Make necessary adjustments.
Hard to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Throttle control not set properly.
Dirty air cleaner.
Bad spark plug or improper gap.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Loose spark plug wire.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Replace spark plug or adjust gap.
Empty fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline.
Ensure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug.
Make necessary adjustments.
Loss of power
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine is overloaded.
Dirty air cleaner.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Faulty spark plug.
Oil in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Water in fuel.
6.
7.
Set depth stake for shallower tilling.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean and regap or change spark plug.
Empty and clean fuel tank and refill, and clean
carburetor.
Empty fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with
fresh gasoline.
Remove fuel tank and clean.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean engine air screen.
Clean/replace muffler.
Make necessary adjustments.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Will not start
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Clogged fuel tank.
Spark plug wire loose.
Dirty engine air screen.
Dirty/clogged muffler.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
Poor compression.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Engine overheats
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Dirty engine air screen.
Dirty engine.
Partially plugged muffler.
Improper carburetor adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean engine air screen.
Clean cylinder fins, air screen, muffler area.
Remove and clean muffler.
Adjust carburetor to richer position.
Excessive bounce/
difficult handling
1.
Ground too dry and hard.
1.
2.
Depth stake incorrectly adjusted.
2.
Moisten ground or wait for more favorable soil
conditions.
Adjust depth stake.
Soil balls up or clumps
1.
Ground too wet.
1.
Wait for more favorable soil conditions.
Engine runs but tiller
won’t move
1.
2.
Tine control is not engaged.
V-belt is off pulley(s).
1.
2.
Engage tine control.
Inspect V-belt.
Engine runs but labors
when tilling
1.
2.
3.
Tilling too deep.
Throttle control not properly adjusted.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
Set depth stake for shallower tilling.
Check throttle control setting.
Make necessary adjustments.
16
TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER MC550 (96083000300)
DECALS
4
3
1
2
KEY PART
NO. NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
Decal, Tine, Shield, McCulloch
Decal, Tine, Shield, Warning
Decal, Warning, Rotating Tines
Decal, Hand Placement
433415
434458
141906
141907
17
TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER MC550 (96083000300)
ENGINE, TRANSMISSION, AND TINES
4
5
2
1
3
2
6
7
9
5
7
10
8
11
12
18
19
13
14
15
20
16
17
21
25
13
23
22
30
30
24
28
5
5
29
27
31
26
29
engine-transmission-tines_1
18
TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER MC550 (96083000300)
ENGINE, TRANSMISSION, AND TINES
KEY PART
NO. NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Engine
Bolt Carriage 3/8 - 16 x 1
Nut Lock Flg 5/16 -18 unc
Plug Snap In
Nut Lock Flg 3/8 - 16 unc
Housing Clutch
Screw 3/8 - 16 x 1-1/2
Sheave Upper
Stud Belt Guard
Bushing Pivot
Spring Return
Bracket Idler
Bolt Hex 3/8 - 24 x 1
Belt Drive
Pulley Idler
Washer 13/32 x 7/8 x 16 Ga.
Bolt 3/8 - 16 x 1.25
Washer .328 x 1.375 x 0.055
Bolt 5/16 - 18 x 1-1/4
Shield Tine
Seal Foam
Washer 13/32 x 1-1/2 x 11 Ga.
Sheave Lower
Coupling Clutch
Tine Outer RH
Tine Inner RH
Tine Outer LH
Tine Inner LH
Pin Clevis
Retainer Spring Zinc
Transmission
421338
72110608
73900500
425398
73900600
421337
17000616
421335
421341
175331
421373
421339
74610616
421379
421378
19131416
74780620
133944
74520520
421354X428
421340
413524
421336
421334
156926
156924
156925
156923
4929H
3146R
425399
NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches.
1 inch = 25.4 mm
19
TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER MC550 (96083000300)
HANDLE, WHEEL, AND DEPTH STAKE
2
3
1
7
5
8
4
6
9
23
13
21
19
5
10
10
14
15
22
18
5
11
23
20
17
12
16
18
17
17
Handles-Wheels-Depth Stake_1.ai
19
22
20
21
20
TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER MC550 (96083000300)
HANDLE, WHEEL, AND DEPTH STAKE
KEY PART
NO. NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Console Tiller Handle
Grip Handle
Assembly Handle Column
Bolt 5/16 - 18 x 2.50
Knob Wing
Lever Control Tine
Retainer Ring
Pin Pivot
Handle Lower
Plug Snap In
Weldment Transport Arm
Clip Hairpin
Stake Depth
Pin Clevis
Bolt 3/8 - 16 x 1-1/4
Screw Hex Head 3/8 - 16 x 2.5
Nut Lock Flg 3/8 - 16 unc
Bolt 5/16 - 18 x 4.5
Wheel
Washer 17/32 x 7/8 x 16 Ga.
Bolt Shoulder "A" 2.28 " B" 1.53
Bracket Wheel
Washer 11/32 x 3/4 x 16 Ga.
430579X428
165787
431332
72010520
189713X428
425091
12000059
431762
424190
425398
432521
4921H
421342
326J
72110610
74780640
73900600
72140536
193850X421
19171416
121117X
421345
19111216
NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches.
1 inch = 25.4 mm
21
LIMITED WARRANTY
The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two (2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or
replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any part which we find to be defective due
to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions.
1.
This warranty does not apply to the engine, transaxle/transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.
2.
Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such return is requested by the manufacturer.
3.
Battery Warranty: On products equipped with a Battery, we will replace, without charge to you, any battery which we find
to be defective in manufacture, during the first ninety (90) days of ownership. After ninety (90) days, we will exchange the
Battery, charging you 1/12 of the price of a new Battery for each full month from the date of the original sale. Battery must
be maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished.
4.
The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date of original
purchase.
5.
This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of the product.
6.
Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, blades, blade adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, standard
hardware and normal maintenance.
7.
In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer.
Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:
In Canada contact:
HOP
Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept.
1030 Stevens Creek Road
Augusta, GA 30907 USA
HOP
5855 Terry Fox Way
Mississauga, Ontario
L5V 3E4
giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the authorized
dealer from whom it was purchased.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas
do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which
vary from locale to locale.
This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Act of 1975.
22