Daewoo KOR-121MOS Operating instructions

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ABOUT THIS MANUAL
VISION CREATIVE, INC.
서울 종로구 통의동
6번지 이룸빌딩 4층
담
당
공장모델
진창성님
KOR-6L153S
BUYER
BUYER모델
브랜드
DAEWOO
언
영어기본
어
KOR-6L153S
1차
2차
일
정
3차
4차
5차
제
판
규
격
인
한( )
쇄
MEMO 접수: (총 21page)
06.5.15-표지,3,4,5,9,12p수정-(신규6p)
06.6.13-3,4,5,9수정
연락처
VISION 담 당
전 지 현
TEL: 730-0660 FAX: 730-3788
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MICROWAVE OVEN
KOR-6L153S
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
& COOK BOOK
Before operating this oven, please read these instructions completely.
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PRECAUTIONS TO AVOID POSSIBLE EXPOSURE
TO EXCESSIVE MICROWAVE ENERGY
(a) Do not attempt to operate this oven with the door open since open-door operation can result in
harmful exposure to microwave energy. It is important not to defeat or tamper with the safety
interlocks.
(b) Do not place any object between the oven front face and the door or allow soil or cleaner residue
to accumulate on sealing surfaces.
(c) WARNING : If the door or door seals are damaged, the oven must not be operated until it has been
repaired by a competent person : (1) door (bent), (2) hinges and latches(broken or loosened), (3)
door seals and sealing surfaces.
(d) WARNING : It is hazardous for anyone other than a competent person to carry out any service or
repair operation that involves the removal of a cover which gives protection against exposure to
microwave energy.
(e) WARNING : Liquids and other foods must not be heated in sealed containers since they are liable
to explode.
(f) WARNING : Only allow children to use the oven without supervision when adequate instructions
have been given so that the child is able to use the oven in a safe way and understands the hazards
of improper use.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
• PRECAUTIONS TO AVOID POSSIBLE EXPOSURE TO EXCESSIVE MICROWAVE ENERGY......1
• IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ..................................................................................................2
• EARTHING INSTRUCTIONS.....................................................................................................................3
• INSTALLATION ...........................................................................................................................................3
• FEATURES DIAGRAM...............................................................................................................................4
• OPERATION PROCEDURE ......................................................................................................................5
• CARE OF YOUR MICROWAVE OVEN ....................................................................................................6
• QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ..................................................................................................................7
• BEFORE YOU CALL FOR SERVICE........................................................................................................8
• CARE AND CLEANING..............................................................................................................................8
• DISPOSAL OF USED ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT....................................................8
• SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................................................................................................9
• COOKING INSTRUCTIONS ....................................................................................................................10
• USE YOUR MICROWAVE OVEN SAFELY ...........................................................................................11
• ARCING .....................................................................................................................................................11
• MICROWAVING PRINCIPLES ................................................................................................................12
• HOW MICROWAVES COOK FOOD.......................................................................................................12
• CONVERSION CHARTS..........................................................................................................................12
• COOKING TECHNIQUES........................................................................................................................13
• DEFROSTING GUIDE..............................................................................................................................14
• COOKING & REHEATING CHART.........................................................................................................15
• VEGETABLE CHART ...............................................................................................................................17
• RECIPES ...................................................................................................................................................18
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
READ CAREFULLY AND KEEP FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
WARNING : To prevent fire, burns, electric shock and other warnings:
Listed below are, as with all appliances, certain rules to follow and safeguards to assure high performance
from this oven:
13. The contents of feeding bottles and baby food jars
shall be stirred or shaken and the temperature
checked before consumption, in order to avoid
burns.
1. Do not use the oven for any reason other than food
preparation, such as for drying clothes, paper, or
any other nonfood items or for sterilizing purposes.
2. Do not use the oven when empty, this could
damage the oven.
14. Always test the temperature of food or drink which
has been heated in a microwave oven before you
give it to somebody, especially to children or
elderly people. This is important because things
which have been heated in a microwave oven
carry on getting hotter even though the microwave
oven cooking has stopped.
3. Do not use the oven cavity for any type of storage,
such as papers, cookbook, cookware, etc.
4. Do not operate the oven without the glass tray in
place. Be sure it is properly sitting on the rotating
base.
15. Eggs in their shell and whole hard-boiled eggs
should not be heated in microwave ovens since
they may explode, even after microwave heating
has ended;
5. Make sure you remove caps or lids prior to cooking
when you cook food sealed in bottles.
6. Do not put foreign material between the oven
surface and door. It could result in excessive
leakage of microwave energy.
16. Keep the waveguide cover clean at all times.
Wipe the oven interior with a soft damp cloth after
each use. If you leave grease or fat anywhere in
the cavity it may overheat, smoke or even catch
fire when next using the oven.
7. Do not use recycled paper products for cooking.
They may contain impurities which could cause
sparks and/or fires when used during cooking.
8. Do not pop popcorn unless popped in a microwave
approved popcorn popper or unless it's
commercially packaged and recommended
especially for microwave ovens. Microwave
popped corn produces a lower yield than
conventional popping; there will be a number of
unpopped kernels. Do not use oil unless specified
by the manufacturer.
17. Never heat oil or fat for deep frying as you cannot
control the temperature and doing so may lead to
overheating and fire.
18. Liquids, such as water, coffee, or tea are able to
be overheated beyond the boiling point without
appearing to be boiling due to surface tension of
the liquid. Visible bubbling or boiling when the
container is removed from the microwave oven is
not always present. THIS COULD RESULT IN
VERY HOT LIQUIDS SUDDENLY BOILING
OVER WHEN A SPOON OR OTHER UTENSIL IS
INSERTED INTO THE LIQUID.
9. Do not cook any food surrounded by a membrane,
such as egg yolks, potatoes, chicken livers, etc.,
without first piercing them several times with a fork.
10. Do not pop popcorn longer than the
manufacturer's directions. (popping time is
generally below 3 minutes). Longer cooking does
not yield more popped corn, it can cause
scorchings and fire.
Also, the cooking tray can become too hot to
handle or may break.
To reduce the risk of injury to persons:
a) Do not overheat the liquid.
b) Stir the liquid both before and halfway through
heating it
c) Do not use straight-sided containers with narrow
necks.
d) After heating, allow the container to stand in the
microwave oven for a short time before
removing the container.
e) Use extreme care when inserting a spoon or
other utensil into the container.
11. If smoke is observed, switch off or unplug the
appliance and keep the door closed in order to
stifle any flames.
12. When heating food in plastic or paper containers,
keep an eye on the oven due to the possibility of
ignition.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
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EARTHING INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANT
The wires in this mains lead fitted to this appliance are
colored in accordance with the following code.
Green-and-yellow : Earth
Blue : Neutral
Brown : Live
As the colors of the wires in the mains lead of this
appliance may not correspond with the colored
markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed
as follows : the wire which is colored green-and-yellow
must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is
marked with the letter ‘E’ or by the earth symbol or
green-and-yellow. The wire which is colored blue must
be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter ‘N’ or colored black. The wire which is colored
brown must be connected to the terminal which is
marked with the letter ‘L’ or colored red.
WARNING : The appliance must be earthed.
This appliance must be earthed. In the event of an
electrical short circuit, earthing reduces the risk of
electric shock by providing an escape wire for the
electric current. This appliance is equipped with a cord
having a earthing wire with a earthing plug. The plug
must be plugged into an outlet that is properly installed
and earthed.
WARNING : Improper use of th earthing plug can result
in a risk of electric shock. Consult a qualified electrician
or serviceman if the earthing instructions are not
completely understood, or if doubt exists as to whether
the appliance is properly earthed. If it is necesary to use
an extension cord, use only a 3-wire extension cord that
has a 3-blade earthing plug, and a 3-slot receptacle that
will accept the plug on the appliance. The marked rating
of the extension cord should be equal to or greater than
the electrical rating of the appliance.
INSTALLATION
6. Power supply
• Check your local power source. This oven requires a
current of approximately 10 amperes, 230V 50Hz.
• Power supply cord is about 0.8 meters long.
• The voltage used must be the same as specified on
this oven. Using a higher voltage may result in a fire or
other accident causing oven damage. Using low
voltage will cause slow cooking. We are not
responsible for damage resulting from use of this oven
with a voltage of ampere fuse other than those
specified.
• If the supply cord is damaged, it must be replaced by
the manufacturer or its service agent or a similarly
qualified person in order to avoid a hazard.
1. Ventilation
Do not block air vents. If they are blocked during
operation, the oven may overheat and eventually cause
a failure. For proper ventilation, allow above 76mm of
space between oven sides, rear and the minimum
height of free space necesary above the top surface of
the oven is 100mm.
2. Steady, flat location
This oven should be set on a steady, flat surface. This
oven is designed for counter top use only.
The microwave oven shall not be placed in a cabinet
unless it has been tested in a cabinet.
3. Leave space behind and side
All air vents should be kept a clearance. If all vents are
covered during operation, the oven may overheat and,
eventually, oven failure.
7. Examine the oven after unpacking for any damage
such as:
A misaligned door, Broken door, A dent in cavity. If any
of the above are visible, DO NOT INSTALL, and notify
dealer immediately.
4. Away from radio and TV sets
Poor television reception and radio interference may
result if the oven is located close to a TV, Radio
antenna, feeder and so on. Position the oven as far
from them as possible.
8. Do not operate the oven if it is colder than room
temperature.
(This may occur during delivery in cold weather.) Allow
the oven to become room temperature before operating.
5. Away from heating appliance and water taps
Keep the oven away from hot air, steam or Splash when
choosing a place to position it, or the insulation might be
adversely affected and breakdowns occur.
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FEATURES DIAGRAM
8 Viewing screen - Allows viewing of food.
The screen is designed so that light can pass
through, but not the microwave.
1 Door latch - When the door is closed, it will
automatically shut off. If the door is opened while the
oven is operating, the magnetron will automatically
shut off.
9 Waveguide cover - Protects the microwave outlet
from splashes of cooking foods.
2 Door seal - The door seal surfaces prevent
microwaves escaping from the oven cavity.
0 Safety interlock system
3 Oven cavity
q Variable power control knob - Used to select a
microwave power level.
4 Control panel
w Timer knob - Used in setting cooking time for all
functions.
5 Coupler- This fits over the shaft in the center of the
oven cavity floor.
This is to remain in the oven for all cooking.
e Oven lamp - Automatically turns on during oven
operating.
6 Roller guide - This must always be used for
cooking together with the glass cooking tray.
7 Glass cooking tray - Made of special heat resistant
glass. The tray must always be in proper position
before operating. Do not cook food directly on the
tray.
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OPERATION PROCEDURE
This section includes useful information about oven operation.
6. Microwave energy will be turned off automatically
when the timer knob reaches “OFF”. Then food
can be taken out of the oven.
1. Plug power supply cord into 230V AC 50Hz power
outlet.
2. After placing the food in a suitable container, open
the oven door and put it on the glass tray.
The glass tray and roller guide must always be in
place during cooking.
• To prevent the oven from operating with the
door open, your microwave oven is fitted with
safety door interlock switches.
• If you wish to inspect the food while it is cooking
simply open the door. The oven will
automatically stop cooking. To continue
cooking, you simply close the door.
3. Close the door. Make sure that it is firmly closed.
The oven door can be opened at any time during
operation by pulling the door. The oven will
automatically shut off.
• If you wish to stop cooking, simply turn the timer
knob to the “OFF” position. Cooking can be
reset at any time during the cooking cycle by
turning the timer control.
4. Set the variable power control knob to the desired
power level.
SYMBOL
POWER
LEVEL
OUTPUT
POWER
Warm
120W
Defrost
230W
Medium
385W
Medium high
540W
High
700W
• Do not let the timer continue to operate after
removing or when there is no food.
5. Set the operating time by turing the timer knob to
the desired cook time and the microwave cooking
starts.
• If setting the timer control for less than
2 minutes, turn it past 2 minutes and then back
to the desired time.
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CARE OF YOUR MICROWAVE OVEN
The oven should be cleaned regularly and any food deposits removed.
Failure to maintain the oven in a clean condition could lead to deterioration of the surface that could
adversely affect the life of the appliance and possibly result in a hazardous situation.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Turn the oven off before cleaning.
Keep the inside of the oven clean. When food
spatters or spilled liquids adhere to oven walls,
wipe with a damp cloth. Mild detergent may be
used if the oven gets very dirty. The use of harsh
detergent or abrasives is not recommended.
It is occasionally necessary to remove the glass
tray for cleaning. Wash the tray in warm sudsy
water or in a dishwasher.
The outside oven surface should be cleaned with
soap and water, rinsed and dried with a soft cloth.
To prevent damage to the operating parts inside
the oven, water should not be allowed to seep into
the ventilation openings.
If the Control Panel becomes wet, clean with a
soft, dry cloth. Do not use harsh detergents or
abrasives on Control Panel.
7
If steam accumulates inside or around the outside
of the oven door, wipe with a soft cloth. This may
occur when the microwave oven is operated under
high humidity conditions and in no way indicates
malfunction of the unit.
The roller guide and oven cavity floor should be
cleaned regularly to avoid excessive noise.
Simply wipe the bottom surface of the oven with mild
detergent water or window cleaner and dry. The roller
guide may be washed in mild sudsy water.
ROLLER GUIDE
Glass Tray
1
The ROLLER GUIDE and oven floor should be
cleaned frequently to prevent excessive noise.
2
The ROLLER GUIDE MUST ALWAYS be used
for cooking together with the Glass Tray.
GLASS TRAY
1
DO NOT operate the oven without the Glass Tray
in place.
2
3
4
DO NOT use any other Glass Tray with this oven.
If Glass Tray is hot, ALLOW TO COOL before
cleaning or placing it in water.
DO NOT cook directly on the Glass Tray.
(Except for popcorn)
6
Roller Guide
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
* Q :I accidentally ran my microwave oven
without any food in it. Is it damaged?
* A : Running the oven empty for a short time will
not damage the oven. However, it is not
recommended.
* Q :What does “standing time” mean?
* A : “Standing time” means that food should be
removed from the oven and covered for
additional time to allow it to finish cooking.
This frees the oven for other cooking.
* Q :Can the oven be used with the glass tray
or roller guide removed?
* A : No. Both the glass tray and roller guide must
always be used in the oven before cooking.
* Q :Why does my oven not always cook as
fast as the microwave cooking guide
says?
* A : Check your cooking guide again, to make
sure you’ve followed directions exactly ; and
to see what might cause variations in
cooking time. Cooking guide times and heat
settings are suggestions, to help prevent
over-cooking... the most common problem in
getting used to a microwave oven.
Variations in the size, shape and weights
and dimensions could require longer cooking
time. Use your own judgement along with
the cooking guide suggestions to check
whether the food has been properly cooked
just as you would do with a conventional
cooker.
* Q :Can I open the door when the oven is
operating?
* A : The door can be opened anytime during the
cooking operation. Then microwave energy
will be instantly switched off and the time
setting will maintain until the door is closed.
* Q :Why do I have moisture in my microwave
oven after cooking?
* A : The moisture on the side of your microwave
oven is normal. It is caused by steam from
cooking food hitting the cool oven surface.
* Q :Does microwave energy pass through the
viewing screen in the door?
* A : No. The metal screen bounces back the
energy to the oven cavity. The holes are
made to allow light to pass through. They do
not let microwave energy pass through.
* Q :Will the microwave oven be damaged if it
operates while empty?
* A : Yes. Never run it empty.
* Q : Can I operate my microwave oven
without the turntable or turn the turntable
over to hold a large dish?
* A : No. If you remove or turn over the turntable,
you will get poor cooking results. Dishes
used in your oven must fit on the turntable.
* Q :Why do eggs sometimes pop?
* A : When baking or poaching eggs, the yolk
may pop due to steam build-up inside the
yolk membrane. To prevent this, simply
pierce the yolk with a toothpick before
cooking. Never cook eggs without piercing
their shells.
* Q : Is it normal for the turntable to turn in
either direction?
* A : Yes. The turntable rotates clockwise or
counterclockwise, depending on the rotation
of the motor when the cooking cycle begins.
* Q :Why this standing time recommended
after the cooking operation has been
completed?
* A : Standing time is very important.
With microwave cooking, the heat is in the
food, not in the oven. Many foods build up
enough internal heat to allow the cooking
process to continue, even after the food is
removed from the oven. Standing time for
joints of meat, large vegetables and cakes is
to allow the inside to cook completely,
without overcooking the outside.
* Q : Can I pop popcorn in my microwave
oven? How do I get the best results?
* A : Yes. Pop packaged microwave popcorn
following manufacture’s guidelines. Do not
use regular paper bags. Use the “listening
test” by stopping the oven as soon as the
popping slows to a “pop” every 1 or 2
seconds. Do not repop unpopped kernels.
Do not pop popcorn in glass cookware.
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BEFORE YOU CALL FOR SERVICE
Refer to following checklist, you may prevent an unnecessary service call.
* Sparking in the cavity :
1. Check utensils. Metal containers or dishes with metal
trim should not be used.
2. Check that metal skewers or foil does not touch the
interior walls.
* The oven doesn’t work :
1. Check that the power cord is securely plugged in.
2. Check that the door is firmly closed.
3. Check that the cooking time is set.
4. Check for a blown circuit fuse or tripped main circuit
breaker in your house.
If there is still a problem, contact the service station.
A list of these stations is included in the oven.
CARE AND CLEANING
technician. It is particularly important that the oven
closes properly and that there is no damage to the:
i) Door(bent)
ii) Hinges and Hookes(broken or loosened)
iii) Door seals and sealing surfaces.
Although your oven is provided with safety features, it
is important to observe the following:
1. It is important not to defeat or tamper with safety
interlocks.
2. Do not place any object between the oven front
face and the door or allow residue to accumulate
on sealing surfaces. Wipe the sealing area
frequently with a mild detergent, rinse and dry.
Never use abrasive powders or pads.
4. The oven should not be adjusted or repaired by
anyone except a properly competent service
technician.
3. When opened, the door must not be subjected to
strain, for example, a child hanging on an opened
door or any load could cause the oven to fall
forward to cause injury and also damage to the
door. Do not operate the oven if it is damaged, until
it has been repaired by a competent service
6. Failure to maintain the oven in a clean condition
could lead to deterioration of the surface that could
adversely affect the life of the appliance and
possibly result in a hazardous situation;
5. The oven should be cleaned regularly and any food
deposits removed;
DISPOSAL OF USED ELECTRICAL &
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
The meaning of the symbol on the product, its accessory or packaging indicates that
this product shall not be treated as household waste. Please, dispose of this
equipment at your applicable collection point for the recycling of electrical & electronic
equipments waste. In the European Union and Other European countries which
there are separate collection systems for used electrical and electronic product. By
ensuring the correct disposal of this product, you will help prevent potentially
hazardous to the environment and to human health, which could otherwise be caused
by unsuitable waste handling of this product. The recycling of materials will help
conserve natural resources. Please do not therefore dispose of your old electrical
and electronic equipment with your household waste. For more detailed information
about recycling of this product, please contact your local city office, your household
waste disposal service or the shop where you purchased the product.
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SPECIFICATIONS
230V AC, 50Hz SINGLE PHASE WITH
EARTHING
POWER SUPPLY
MICROWAVE
INPUT POWER
1000 W
ENERGY OUTPUT
700 W
FREQUENCY
2,450MHz
OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (W
CAVITY DIMENSIONS (W
H
H
D)
D)
CAVITY VOLUME
446
270
331mm
295
219
303mm
20 L
NET WEIGHT
APPROX. 10.2Kg
TIMER
35min. DUAL SPEED
POWER SELECTIONS
5 Levels
* Specifications are subject to change without notice.
446
270
331
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COOKING INSTRUCTIONS
Utensil Guide
Only use utensils that are suitable for use in microwave ovens.
To cook food in the microwave oven, the microwaves must be able to penetrate the food, without being reflected
or absorbed by the dish used. Care must therefore be taken choosing the utensil. If the utensil is marked
microwave-safe, you do not need to worry. The following table lists various of utensil and indicates whether and
how they should be used in a microwave oven.
Utensil
Safe
Comments
Aluminium foil
▲
Can be used in small quantities to protect areas against
overcooking. Arcing can occur if the foil is too close to
the oven wall or if too much foil is used.
Crust plate
●
Do not preheat for more than 8minutes.
China and earthenware
●
Porcelain, pottery, glazed earthenware and bone china
are usually suitable, unless deco-rated with a metal trim.
Disposable polyester
cardboard dishes
●
Some frozen foods are packaged in these dishes.
Fast-food packaging
• Polystyrene cups containers
●
• Paper bags or newspaper
• Recycled paper or metal trims
✕
✕
Can be used to warm food. Overheating may cause the
polystyrene to melt.
May catch fire.
May cause arcing.
Glassware
• Oven-to-table ware
• Fine glassware
●
●
• Glass jars
●
Metal
• Dishes
• Freezer bag twist ties
✕
✕
May cause arcing or fire.
●
For short cooking times and warming. Also to absorb
excess moisture.
May cause arcing.
Paper
• Plates, cups, napkins and
Kitchen paper
• Recycled paper
✕
Plastic
• Containers
●
• Cling film
●
• Freezer bags
▲
Wax or grease-proof paper
●
Can be used, unless decorated with a metal trim.
Can be used to warm foods or liquids.
Delicate glass may break or crack if heated suddenly.
Must remove the lid. Suitable for warming only.
Particularly if heat-resistant thermoplastic. Some other
plastics may warp or discolour at high temperatures. Do
not use Melamine plastic.
Can be used to retain moisture. Should not touch the
food.
Take care when removing the film as hot steam will
escape.
Only if boilable or oven-proof. Should not be airtight.
Prick with a fork, if necessary.
Can be used to retain moisture and prevent spattering.
● : Recommended use
▲ : Limited Use
✕ : Not Recommended
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USE YOUR MICROWAVE OVEN SAFELY
General Use
Do not operate the oven if door seals or sealing
surfaces are damaged; or if door is bent; or if hinges
are loose or broken.
Do not operate the oven empty. This will damage the
oven.
Do not attempt to dry clothes, newspapers or other
materials in the oven. They may catch on fire.
Do not use recycled paper products as they may
contain impurities which may cause sparks or fires.
Do not hit or strike the control panel with hard objects.
This can damage the oven.
Do not attempt to defeat or tamper with safety
interlocks.
Do not place any object between the oven front frame
and the door or allow residue to build up on sealing
surfaces. Wipe with a mild detergent, rinse and dry.
Never use abrasive powders or pads.
Do not subject the oven door to strain or weight such
as a child hanging on an open door.
This could cause the oven to fall forward resulting in
injury to you and damage to the oven.
Food
temperature to even out, stir during heating, if
necessary, and ALWAYS stir after heating. To prevent
eruptive boiling and possible scalding, you should put a
spoon or glass stick into the beverages and stir before,
during and after heating.
Do not leave the oven unattended while popping corn.
Do not pop corn in a paper bag unless it is the
commercially prepared Microwave Popcorn product.
The kernels can overheat and ignite a brown paper
bag.
Do not put packaged Microwave Popcorn bags directly
on the oven tray. Place the package on a microwave
safe glass or ceramic plate to avoid overheating and
cracking the oven tray.
Do not exceed the Microwave Popcorn manufacturers
suggested popping time.
Longer popping does not yield more popcorn but it can
result in scorch, burn of fire. Remember, the Popcorn
bag and tray can be too hot to handle. Remove with
caution and use pot holders.
Never use your microwave oven for home canning.
The oven is not designed for proper home canning.
Improperly canned food may spoil and be dangerous to
consume.
Always use the minimum recipe cooking time. It is
better to undercook rather than overcook foods.
Undercooked foods can be returned to the oven for
more cooking. If food is overcooked, nothing can be
done.
Heat small quantities of food or foods with low moisture
carefully. These can quickly dry out, burn or catch on
fire.
Do not heat eggs in the shell. Pressure may build up
and eggs can explode.
Potatoes, apples, egg yolks and sausages are
examples of food with non-porous skins.
These must be pierced before cooking to prevent
bursting.
Do not attempt to deep fat fry in your microwave oven.
Always allow a standing time of at least 20 seconds
after the oven has been switched off to allow the
ARCING
If you see arcing, turn the knob timer the point “0” and correct the problem.
Arcing is the microwave term for sparks in the oven.
Arcing is caused by:
• Metal, such as twist-ties, poultry pins, or gold rimmed
dishes, in the microwave.
• Recycled paper towels containing small metal pieces
being used in the microwave.
• Metal or foil touching the side of the oven.
• Foil not molded to food (upturned edges act like
antennas).
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MICROWAVING PRINCIPLES
Microwave energy has been used in this country to cook and reheat food since early experiments with RADAR in
World War ll. Microwaves are present in the atmosphere all the time, both naturally and manmade sources.
Manmade sources include radar, radio, television, telecommunication links and car phones.
HOW MICROWAVES COOK FOOD
Microwave oven is a Group 2 ISM equipment in which radio frequency energy is intentionally generated and used in
the form of electromagnetic radiation for the treatment of material. This oven is a Class B equipment suitable for use in
domestic establishments and in establishments directly connected to a low voltage power supply network which
supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
▲
The microwaves bounce off
the metal walls and the
metal door screen.
▲
▲
In a microwave oven,
electricity is converted into
microwave by the
MAGNETRON.
TRANSMISSION
Then they pass through the
cooking containers to be
absorbed by the water
molecules in the food, all
foods contain water to a
more or lesser extent.
REFLECTION
ABSORPTION
The microwaves cause the water molecules to vibrate
which causes FRICTION, i.e. HEAT. This heat then
cooks the food. Microwaves are also attracted to fat and
sugar particles, and foods high in these will cook more
quickly. Microwaves can only penetrate to a depth of
4-5cm and as heat spreads through the food by
conduction, just as in a traditional oven, the food cooks
from the outside inwards.
CONVERSION CHARTS
WEIGHT MEASURES
1/2 oz.
15 g
25 g
1 oz.
50 g
2 oz.
100 g
4 oz.
175 g
6 oz.
225 g
8 oz.
450 g
1 lb.
FLUID MEASUREMENTS
1 Cup
1 Pint
1 Quart
1 Gallon
VOLUME MEASURES
30 ml
1 fl.oz.
100 ml
3 fl.oz.
150 ml
5 fl.oz. (1/4 pt)
300 ml
10 fl.oz. (1/2 pt)
600 ml
20 fl.oz. (1pt)
= 8 fl.oz.
= 16 fl.oz. (UK 20 fl.oz.)
= 32 fl.oz. (UK 40 fl.oz.)
= 128 fl.oz. (UK 160 fl.oz.)
12
SPOON MEASURES
1/4 tsp
1.25 ml
1/2 tsp
2.5 ml
5 ml
1 tsp
15 ml
1 tbsp
= 240 ml
= 480 ml (UK 560 ml)
= 960 ml (UK 1120 ml)
= 3840 ml (UK 4500 ml)
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COOKING TECHNIQUES
STANDING TIME
STARTING TEMPERATURE
Dense foods e.g. meat, jacket potatoes and cakes,
require standing time(inside or outside of the oven)
after cooking, to allow heat to finish conducting to cook
the center completely. Wrap meat joints and jacket
potatoes in aluminium foil while standing. Meat joints
need approx. 10-15 minutes, jacket potatoes 5
minutes. Other foods such as plated meal, vegetables,
fish etc require 2-5 minutes standing. After defrosting
food, standing time should also be allowed. If food is
not cooked after standing time, return to the oven and
cook for additional time.
The colder the food, the longer it takes to heat up.
Food from a fridge takes longer to reheat than food at
room temperature.
LIQUIDS
All liquids must be stirred before and during heating.
Water especially must be stirred before and during
heating, to avoid eruption. Do not heat liquids that have
previously been boiled. DO NOT OVERHEAT.
TURNING & STIRRING
MOISTURE CONTENT
Some foods require stirring during cooking. Meat and
poultry should be turned after half the cooking time.
Many fresh foods e.g. vegetables and fruit, vary in their
moisture content throughout the season, particularly
jacket potatoes. For this reason cooking times may
have to be adjusted. Dry ingredients e.g. rice, pasta,
can dry out during storage so cooking times may differ.
ARRANGING
Individual foods e.g. chicken portions or chops, should
be placed on a dish so that the thicker parts are
towards the outside.
DENSITY
Porous airy foods heat more quickly than dense heavy
foods.
QUANTITY
Small quantities cook faster than large quantities, also
small meals will reheat more quickly than large
portions.
CLING FILM
Cling film helps keep the food moist and the trapped
steam assists in speeding up cooking times. Pierce
before cooking to allow excess steam to escape.
Always take care when removing cling film from a dish
as the build-up of steam will be very hot.
PIERCING
The skin or membrane on some foods will cause steam
to build up during cooking. These foods must be
pierced or a strip of skin should be peeled off before
cooking to allow the steam to escape. Eggs, potatoes,
apples, sausages etc, will all need to be pierced before
cooking. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO BOIL EGGS IN
THEIR SHELLS.
SHAPE
Even shapes cook evenly. Food cooks better by
microwave when in a round container rather than
square.
COVERING
SPACING
Cover foods with microwave cling film or a lid. Cover
fish, vegetables, casseroles, soups. Do not cover
cakes, sauces, jacket potatoes or pastry items.
Foods cook more quickly and evenly if spaced apart.
NEVER pile foods on top of each other.
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DEFROSTING GUIDE
▶ When defrosted, food should be cool, but softened in
all areas. If still slightly icy, return to microwave oven
very briefly, or let stand a few minutes. After
defrosting, allow food to stand 5-60 minutes if there
are any icy areas.
Poultry and fish may be placed under running cool
water until defrosted
➪ Turn over : Roast, ribs, whole poultry, turkey
breasts, hot dogs, sausages, steaks, or chops.
➪ Rearrange : Break apart or separate steaks, chops,
hamburger patties, ground meat, chicken or seafood
pieces, chunks of meat such as stew beef.
➪ Shield : Use small strips of aluminum foil to protect
thin areas or edges of unevenly shaped foods such
as chicken wings. To prevent arching, do not allow
foil to come within 1-inch of oven walls or door.
➪ Remove : To prevent cooking, thawed portions
should be removed from the oven at this point. This
may shorten defrost time for food weighing less than
3 lbs.(1350g).
▶ Do not defrost covered meat. Covering might allow
cooking to take place. Always remove outer wrap
and tray. Use only containers that are microwavesafe.
▶ Begin defrosting whole poultry breast-side-down.
Begin defrosting roasts fat-side-down.
▶ The shape of the package alters the defrosting time.
Shallow rectangular shapes defrost more quickly
than a deep block.
▶ After 1/3 of the defrost time has elapsed, check the
food. Toy may wish to turn over, break apart,
rearrange or remove thawed portions of the food.
▶ During defrost, the oven will prompt you to turn the
over. At this point, open oven door and check the
food. Follow the techniques listed below for optimum
defrost results.
Then, close oven door.
DEFROSTING CHART
Item & Weight
Defrosting Time
Standing Time
9-11 min.
15-20 min.
Break apart and remove thawed portions
with fork.
Stew Meat
1 1/2 lbs./675g
14-18 min.
25-30 min.
Separate and rearrange once.
Patties
4(4oz./110g)
8-10 min.
15-20 min.
Turn over after half the time.
8-10 min.
25-30 min.
Separate and rearrange once.
Chops
4(5oz./125g)
9-11 min.
25-30 min.
Separate and turn over once.
Minced pork
1 lb./450g
9-11 min.
15-20 min.
Break apart and remove thawed portions
with fork.
POULTRY
Whole Chicken
2 1/2 lbs./1125g
21-25 min.
45-90 min.
Break side down. Turn over after half the
time. Shield as needed.
Chicken Breasts
1 lbs./450g
12-15 min.
15-30 min.
Separate and rearrange once.
Fryer Chicken(cut up)
2 lbs./900g
19-22 min.
25-30 min.
Separate and rearrange once.
Chicken Thights
1 1/2 lbs./675g
14-18 min.
15-30 min.
Separate and rearrange once.
7-9 min.
15-20 min.
Turn over after half the time.
Shield as needed.
10-12 min.
15-20 min.
Separate and turn over once.
BEEF
Minced beef
1 lb./450g
Special Techniques
PORK
Spareribs
1 lb./450g
FISH & SEAFOOD
Whole Fish
1 lb./450g
Fish Fillets
1 1/2 lb./675g
Shrimp
3-4 min.
15-20 min.
lb./225g
* The times are approximate because freezer temperatures vary.
1/2
14
Separate and rearrange once.
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COOKING & REHEATING CHART
Cooking chart
Power
Level
Cooking Time
Per lb./450g
MEDIUM
8-10 min.
-Medium
MEDIUM
9-11 min.
-well done
MEDIUM
11-13 min.
Pork Joint
HIGH
12-14 min.
Bacon joint
HIGH
8-10 min.
HIGH
6-8 min.
Portions chicken
MEDIUM
5-7 min.
Breast (boned)
MEDIUM
6-8 min.
Fish Fillets
HIGH
4-6 min.
Whole Mackerel,
Cleaned and prepared
HIGH
4-6 min.
Whole Trout, Cleaned
& Prepared
HIGH
5-7 min.
Salmon steaks
HIGH
4-6 min.
Item
Special Instruction
MEAT
Beef joint -Rare
- Chilled meat and poultry should be removed from
the refrigerator at least 30 minutes before
cooking.
- Always let the meat and poultry stand, covered
after cooking.
POULTRY
Whole chicken
FISH
- Brush a little oil or melted butter over the fish, or
add 15~30ml(1-2 tbsp) lemon juice, wine, stock,
milk or water.
- Always let the fish stand, covered, after cooking
NOTE : The above times should be regarded only as a guide. Allow for difference in individual tastes and
preferences. The times may vary due to the shape, cut, and composition of the food.
Frozen meat, poultry and fish must be thoroughly thawed before cooking.
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Reheating chart
• Baby food particularly needs to be checked carefully before serving to prevent burns.
• When heating pre-packaged ready-cooked foods, always follow the pack instructions carefully.
• If you freeze foods which were bought from the fresh or chilled counters, remember that they should be
thoroughly thawed before following the heating instructions on the packed. It’s worth putting a note on them so
that other members of the household will remember too.
• Remember metal ties and transfer food from foil containers before reheating.
• Chilled(refrigerated) food takes longer to reheat than food at room temperature (such as just-cooled food or food
from the store cupboard).
• All foods should be reheated using full microwave power.
Item
Baby food
128g jar
Cooking time
30 sec.
Special Instructions
Empty into a small serving bowl.
Stir well once or twice during heating.
Before serving, check the temperature carefully.
Baby milk
100ml / 4fl.oz.
225ml / 8fl.oz.
20-30 sec.
40-50 sec.
Stir or shake well and pour into a sterilized bottle.
Before serving, shake well and check the temperature carefully.
Sandwich roll or bun
1 roll
20-30 sec.
Wrap in paper towel and place on glass microwaveable rack.
*Note : Do not use recycled paper towels.
Lasagna
1 serving
(10 1/2 oz./300g)
Casserole
1 cup
4 cups
4-6 min.
Place lasagna on microwaveable plate.
Cover with plastic wrap and vent.
1 1/2-3 min.
5-7 min.
Cook covered in microwaveable casserole.
Stir once halfway through cooking.
Mashed potatoes
1 cup
4 cups
2-3 min.
6-8 min.
Cook covered in microwaveable casserole.
Stir once halfway through cooking.
Baked beans
1 cup
2-3 min.
Cook covered in microwaveable casserole.
Stir once halfway through cooking.
Ravioli or pasta in sauce
1 cup
4 cups
3-4 min.
7-10 min.
Cook covered in microwaveable casserole.
Stir once halfway through cooking.
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VEGETABLE CHART
Use a suitable glass pyrex bowl with lid. Add 30-45ml cold water(2-3 tbsp.) for every 250g unless another water
quantity is recommended - see table. Cook covered for the minimum time - see table.
Continue cooking to get the result you prefer. Stir once during and once after cooking. Add salt, herbs or butter
after cooking. Cover during a standing time of 3 minutes.
Hint : cut the fresh vegetables into even sized pieces. The smaller they are cut, the quicker they will cook.
All vegetables should be cooked using full microwave power.
Cooking Guide for fresh vegetables
Vegetables
Weight
Broccoli
1/2
Brussels sprouts
1/2
Carrots
1/2
Cauliflower
1/2
Time
Comments
3-4 min
5-7 min
Prepare even sized florets.
Arrange the stems to the centre.
lb./250g
4-5 min
Add 60-75ml(5-6tbsp.) water.
lb./250g
3-4 min
Cut carrots into even sized slices.
lb./250g
1 lb./500g
3-4 min
5-7 min
Prepare even sized florets. Cut big florets into halves.
Arrange stems to the centre.
lb./250g
1 lb./500g
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Cut courgettes into slices. Add 30ml(2tbsp.) water or a
knob of butter. Cook until just tender.
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Cut egg plants into small slices and sprinkle with 1
tablespoon lemon juice.
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Cut leeks into thick slices.
0.3 lb./125g
1/2 lb./250g
2-3 min
3-5 min
Prepare small whole or sliced mushrooms. Do not add
any water. Sprinkle with lemon juice. Spice with salt and
pepper. Drain before serving.
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Cut onions into slices or halves. Add only 15ml(1tbsp.)
water.
Pepper
1/2
lb./250g
3-5 min
Cut pepper into small slices.
Potatoes
1/2
lb./250g
1 lb./500g
3-5 min
8-10 min
Weigh the peeled potatoes and cut them into similar
sized halves or quarters.
Turnip cabbage
1/2
5-7 min
Cut turnip cabbage into small cubes.
Courgettes
Egg plants
Leeks
Mushrooms
Onions
lb./250g
Cooking Guide for frozen vegetables
Weight
Time
spinach
Vegetables
0.3 lb./125g
2-3 min
Add 15ml(1tbsp.) cold water.
Instructions
broccoli
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Add 30ml(2 tbsp.) cold water.
Peas
1/2
lb./250g
3-4 min
Add 15ml(1 tbsp.) cold water.
Green beans
1/2
lb./250g
4-5 min
Add 30ml(2t tbsp.) cold water.
Mixed vegetables
(carrots/peas/corn)
1/2
lb./250g
3-5 min
Add 15ml(1ttbsp.) cold water.
Mixed vegetables
(Chinese style)
1/2
lb./250g
4-6 min
Add 15ml(1 tbsp.) cold water.
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RECIPES
TOMATO & ORANGE SOUP
1. Melt the in a large bowl at High for 1 minute.
2. Add the onion, carrot and potato and cook at High for
6 minutes. stir halfway through cooking.
3. Add the tomatoes, orange juice, orange rind and
stock. Mix thoroughly. Season with salt and pepper to
taste. Cover the bowl and cook at High for 15 minutes.
stir 2-3 times during cooking, until the vegetables are
tender.
4. Blend and serve immediately.
1 oz.(25g) butter
1 medium onion, chopped
1 large carrot & 1 large potato, chopped
13/4lb(800g) canned, chopped tomatoes
juice and grated rind of 1 small orange
11/2pints(900ml) hot vegetable stock
salt and pepper to taste
FRENCH ONION SOUP
1. Place the onion and oil a bowl, mix well and cook at
High for 2 minutes.
2. Stir in the flour to make a paste and gradually add
stack. Season and add the parsley.
3. Cover the bowl and cook at Medium for 16 minutes.
4. Pour the soup into serving bowls, submerge bread
and sprinkle generously with cheese.
5. Cook at Medium for 2 minutes, until the cheese has
melted.
1 large onions, sliced
1 tbsp (15ml) corn oil
2 oz.(50g) plain flour
2 pints(1.2 liters) hot meat
or vegetable stock
salt and pepper to taste
2 tbsp (30ml) parsley, chopped
4 thick slices French bread
2 oz.(50g) cheese, grated
STIR FRIED VEGETABLES
1. Place the oil, soy sauce, sherry, ginger, garlic and
carrots in a large bowl, mix thoroughly
2. Cover and cook at High for 4-5 minutes, stirring once.
3. Add the button mushrooms, beansprouts, mange-tout,
red pepper, spring onions, water chestnuts and
chinese leaves. Mix thoroughly.
4. Cook at High for 4-5 minutes, until the vegetables are
tender. Stir 2-3 times during cooking.
1 tbsp(15ml) sunflower oil
2 tbsp (30ml) soy sauce
1 tbsp (15ml) sherry
1"(2.5cm) root ginger,
peeled and finely grated
2 medium carrots, cut into fine strips
4 oz.(100g) button mushrooms,
chopped
2 oz.(50g) beansprouts
4 oz.(100g) mange-tout
1 red pepper, seeded and thinly sliced
4 spring onions, chopped
4 oz.(100g) canned water chestnuts,
sliced
1/4 head of chinese leaves, thinly sliced
Stir fried vegetables are ideally served with meat or
fish.
HONEYED CHICKEN
1. Place the chicken breasts in a casserole dish.
2. Mix all remaining ingredients together and pour over
the chicken. Salt and pepper to taste.
3. Cook at High for 11-12 minutes. Rearrange and coat
the chicken with the sauce twice during cooking.
4 boneless chicken breasts
2 tbsp(30ml) clear honey
1 tbsp(15ml) whole grain mustard
1/2 tsp(2.5ml) dried tarragon
1 tbsp(15ml) tomato puree
1/4 pint(150ml) chicken stock
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BLUE CHEESE & CHIVE JACKETS
1. Prick each potato in several places. Cook at High for
10-11 minutes. Halve and scoop the flesh into a bowl,
add the butter, cheese, chives, mushrooms, salt and
pepper, mix thoroughly.
2. Pile mixture into the potato skins and place in a flan
dish, on the rack.
3. Cook at Medium for 10 minutes.
2 baking potatoes,
(approx.9 oz.(250g) each)
2 oz.(50g) butter
4 oz.(100g) blue cheese, chopped
1 tbsp(15ml) fresh chives, chopped
2 oz.(50g) mushrooms, sliced
salt and pepper to taste
WHITE SAUCE
1. Place the butter in a bowl and cook at High for 1
minute, until melted.
2. Stir in the flour and whisk in the milk. Cook at High for
3-4 minutes, stirring every 2 minutes until thick and
smooth. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
1 oz.(25g) butter
1 oz.(25g) plain flour
1/2 pint(300ml) milk
salt and pepper to taste
STRAWBERRY JAM
11/2 lb.(675g) strawberries, hulled
3 tbsp(45ml) lemon juice
11/2 lb.(675g) caster sugar
1. Place strawberries and lemon juice in a very large
bowl, heat at High for 5 minutes, or until the fruit has
softened. Add sugar, mix well.
2. Cook at Medium for 25-30 minutes, until setting
point*is reached, stir every 4-5 minutes.
3. Pour into hot, clean jars. Cover, seal and label.
* setting point : To determine setting point, place 1
tsp(5ml)jam onto chilled saucer. Allow to stand for 1
minute. Move surface of jam gently with your finger, if
the surface wrinkles setting point has been reached.
PLAIN MICROWAVE CAKE
1. line the base of 8" (20.4cm) cake dish with greaseproof paper.
2. Cream the margarine and sugar together until light
and fluffy. Beat in the eggs and fold in the sifted flour
alternately with the milk.
3. Pour into prepared container. Cook at High for 3-4
minutes, until a skewer comes out cleanly.
4. Leave the cake to stand for 5 minutes before turning
out.
4 oz.(100g) margarine
4 oz.(100g) sugar
1 eggs
4 oz.(100g) self raising flour, sifted
2-3 tbsp(30-45ml) milk
OMELETTS
1/2 oz.(15g)
1. Whisk together eggs and milk. Season.
2. Place butter in 10"(26cm) flan dish.
Cook at High for 1 minute, until melted.
Coat the dish with the melted butter.
3. Pour omelette mixture into flan dish.
Cook at High for 2 minutes. whisk mixture and cook
again at High for 1 minutes.
butter
4 eggs
6 tbsp(90ml) milk
salt & pepper
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SCRAMBLED EDD
1/2 oz.(15g)
1. Melt the butter in a bowl at High for 1 minutes.
2. Add the eggs, milk and seasoning and mix well.
3. Cook at High for 2 minutes, stirring every 30 seconds.
butter
2 eggs
2 tbsp(30ml) milk
salt & pepper
SAVORY MINCE
1. Place onion, garlic and oil in casserole, and cook at
High for 2 minutes or until soft.
2. Place all other ingredients in casserole. Stir well.
3. Cover and cook at High for 4 minutes then Medium for
8-12 minutes or until the meat is cooked.
1 small onion, diced
1 clove garlic, crushed
1 tsp(5ml) oil
7 oz.(200g) can chopped tomatoes
1 tbsp(15ml) tomato puree
1 tsp(5ml) mixed herbs
8 oz.(225g) minced beef
salt and pepper
20