AirStation
WZR-1750DHP / WZR-1166DHP
User Manual
www.buffalotech.com
35013154-01
Contents
Chapter 1 - Setup................................................................8
Introduction..........................................................................................8
Diagrams and Layout............................................................................8
Front Panel.......................................................................................................8
Back Panel......................................................................................................10
Bottom............................................................................................................12
Right Side.......................................................................................................12
Installation...........................................................................................13
Vertical Placement.........................................................................................13
Horizontal Placement....................................................................................13
Wall-Mounting...............................................................................................14
How to Set Up AirStation for the First Time......................................15
Connect to a PC and Power On......................................................................15
Opening Settings...........................................................................................17
Connect Your Wireless Devices.....................................................................18
Chapter 2 - Settings..........................................................19
Easy Admin..........................................................................................19
Home...............................................................................................................19
Wireless...........................................................................................................20
AOSS/WPS......................................................................................................21
USB Storage....................................................................................................21
Guest Accounts..............................................................................................22
QoS..................................................................................................................22
2
Web Filtering..................................................................................................23
Device Settings..............................................................................................24
Advanced Settings..............................................................................25
Internet...........................................................................................................25
PPPoE..............................................................................................................26
Dynamic DNS..................................................................................................28
PPTP................................................................................................................29
NAT..................................................................................................................30
LAN..................................................................................................................30
DHCP Leases...................................................................................................31
Routing...........................................................................................................31
2.4 GHz............................................................................................................32
5 GHz...............................................................................................................34
WPS.................................................................................................................38
AOSS...............................................................................................................39
MAC Filtering..................................................................................................40
Multicast Control...........................................................................................40
Guest Accounts..............................................................................................41
Wireless Bridge..............................................................................................42
Firewall...........................................................................................................43
IP Filter............................................................................................................44
VPN Passthrough...........................................................................................44
Port Forwarding.............................................................................................45
DMZ.................................................................................................................46
UPnP................................................................................................................46
Web Filtering..................................................................................................47
Access Control................................................................................................48
Disk Management..........................................................................................48
3
Sharing...........................................................................................................50
WebAccess......................................................................................................51
Media Server..................................................................................................52
BitTorrent.......................................................................................................52
QoS..................................................................................................................53
eco Mode........................................................................................................54
Network USB..................................................................................................55
System............................................................................................................56
Syslog Settings...............................................................................................57
Reset / Reboot................................................................................................58
Update............................................................................................................59
System Information.......................................................................................60
Logs.................................................................................................................61
Packets............................................................................................................62
Ping.................................................................................................................62
Chapter 3 - Wireless..........................................................63
Wireless Options.................................................................................63
Advanced Wireless Configuration.....................................................64
Manual Configuration (SSID and Password)................................................64
Automatic Secure Setup (WPS).....................................................................64
Automatic Secure Setup (AOSS)...................................................................65
Adding an AirStation to an Existing Wireless Network as a Client............66
Chapter 4 - Utilities...........................................................67
How to Download Utilities.................................................................67
List of Utilities with Description of Each...........................................68
4
AirStation Configuration Tool.......................................................................68
Network-USB Navigator................................................................................69
Client Manager...............................................................................................70
AOSS Assistant...............................................................................................71
WLAN Monitor................................................................................................71
Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting............................................72
Finding Your AirStation on the Network...........................................72
Eliminating Dead Spots in Wireless Coverage..................................72
If Your Wireless Connection Is Not Stable..........................................72
Basic Router Troubleshooting............................................................72
Basic Router Troubleshooting from a Mac.......................................73
Appendix A - Supplemental Information.......................74
Package Contents................................................................................74
Factory Default Settings.....................................................................75
WZR-1750DHP................................................................................................75
WZR-1166DHP................................................................................................80
Technical Specifications.....................................................................85
WZR-1750DHP................................................................................................85
WZR-1166DHP................................................................................................87
Shared Folders and USB Ports............................................................89
GPL Information..................................................................................90
5
Appendix B - Tutorials......................................................91
Configuring the AirStation for Optimal Performance and Security. 91
Performance...................................................................................................91
Security...........................................................................................................91
Sharing a Printer.................................................................................92
Enabling Network USB on the AirStation....................................................92
Installing and Using Network USB Navigator..............................................92
Configuring the Web Filter.................................................................93
Content Filter.................................................................................................93
Websites Excluded from Filter......................................................................93
Computers Excluded from Filter...................................................................94
Finding a Computer’s MAC Address.............................................................94
Configuring Access Control................................................................95
Port Forwarding Basics.......................................................................96
Common Uses.................................................................................................96
Security...........................................................................................................96
UPnP................................................................................................................96
Setting Up Port Forwarding Rules.....................................................97
Creating Port Forwarding Rules...................................................................97
Managing Port Forwarding Rules.................................................................98
Configuring a USB Drive as a NAS......................................................98
Setting Up the NAS........................................................................................98
Formatting the Drive.....................................................................................99
User Access.....................................................................................................99
Enable Sharing............................................................................................ 100
Adding the AirStation to a Wireless Network................................ 101
6
Set up the AirStation as an Extender........................................................ 101
Set up the AirStation as a Repeater........................................................... 102
Saving and Restoring Settings with a Backup File........................ 104
Save Settings to a Backup File................................................................... 104
Restoring Settings with a Backup File....................................................... 105
Replacing the AirStation............................................................................ 105
Setting Up WebAccess..................................................................... 106
WebAccess Settings.................................................................................... 106
Connecting Wireless Devices Using AOSS...................................... 107
Pushbutton Method................................................................................... 107
Setting Up a VPN Server.................................................................. 107
PPTP Settings on the AirStation................................................................ 107
Editing Users............................................................................................... 108
Using AirStations with 2Wire Residential Gateways..................... 109
How to Use QoS................................................................................ 110
Setting a QoS Priority Policy...................................................................... 110
Manual Entry............................................................................................... 111
How to configure TCP/IP.................................................................. 112
Windows 8................................................................................................... 112
Windows 7................................................................................................... 112
Windows Vista............................................................................................. 113
Windows XP................................................................................................. 114
Mac OS......................................................................................................... 114
7
Chapter 1 - Setup
Introduction
Thank you for buying a Buffalo AirStation. The WZR-1750DHP and WZR-1166DHP AirStations are dual-band wireless
routers with outstanding performance and range. They combine high data transfer speeds with a robust set of extra
features like QoS, wireless bridging, USB NAS, media server, and web filtering. This manual will help you set up and
use your new wireless router. If you’re new to wireless networking, turn to chapter 2 to start configuring your wireless
network.
For advanced users, use a wired Ethernet connection to access the AirStation’s settings:
•
Default LAN-side IP address:
192.168.11.1
•
Username:
admin
•
Default password:
password
Diagrams and Layout
Front Panel
8
1
2
AOSS button
To initiate AOSS, hold down this button until the wireless LED flashes (about 1 second). Then, push or click the
AOSS button on your wireless client device to complete the connection. Both devices must be powered on for this
to work.
Wireless LED
(Access point/wireless bridge control switch set to “AP”)
On:
Wireless LAN is enabled or transmitting.
Double blinks:
AirStation is waiting for an AOSS or WPS security key.
Continuously blinking:
AOSS/WPS error; failed to exchange security keys.
Off:
Wireless LAN is disabled.
(Access point/wireless bridge control switch set to “WB”)
On:
Wireless LAN is enabled or transmitting.
Blinking:
Wireless LAN is enabled but not connected.
Off:
Wireless LAN is disabled.
Note: The wireless LED will be blue for 5 GHz wireless connections or amber for 2.4 GHz wireless connections.
3
4
5
Internet access LED (Blue)
On:
Internet access is available.
Off:
Internet access is not available.
Router functionality is disabled.
Router LED (Blue)
On:
Router functionality is enabled.
Off:
Router functionality is disabled.
Buffalo LED (White or Red)
On (White):
Power is on.
Off:
Power is off.
On (Red)*:
Booting.
2 blinks (Red)**:
Flash ROM error.
3 blinks (Red)**:
Wired Ethernet LAN error.
4 blinks (Red)**:
Wireless LAN error.
5 blinks (Red)***:
9
IP address error.
9 blinks (Red)**:
System error.
Continuously blinking*:
Updating firmware, saving settings, or initializing settings.
* Never unplug the AC adapter while the Buffalo LED is blinking continuously.
** Turn off AirStation, wait for a few seconds, then turn it back on.
*** Because the network addresses of both the Internet port (WAN port) and the LAN port are the same, it is not possible
to establish communication. Change the LAN-side IP address of the AirStation.
Back Panel
1
2
3
Access Point/Wireless Bridge Control Switch
This switch changes between access point mode and wireless bridge mode.
AP - access point (or router)
WB - wireless bridge
Mode button
If the switch above is in the “AP” position, this button switches the AirStation between router and access point
functionality. If the switch is in the “WB” position, the button has no effect.
USB Eject button
To dismount a USB hard drive, hold down this button until the USB LED flashes (about 3 seconds). The USB drive
can then be unplugged safely.
10
4
USB LED (Blue)
On:
A USB drive is connected.
Blinking:
The USB drive can be removed.
Note: When this LED is blinking, the connected USB drive cannot be used. Remove the connected USB drive. If the
LED continues to blink even after the USB drive is removed, restart the AirStation. Do not remove the USB drive or
turn off the AirStation while the USB LED is on.
5
6
7
8
9
USB 3.0 Port
You can connect any USB 3.0 compatible devices (such as USB storage). Use the cable attached to the USB 3.0
device to connect.
USB 2.0 Port
You can connect any USB 2.0 compatible devices (such as USB printers).
LAN Port
Connect your computer, hub, or other Ethernet devices to these ports. This switching hub supports 10 Mbps, 100
Mbps, and 1000 Mbps connections.
LAN LED (Green)
On:
An Ethernet device is connected.
Blinking:
An Ethernet device is communicating.
Internet Port
10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and 1000 Mbps connections are supported.
Note: In wireless bridge mode or access point mode, the Internet port becomes a regular LAN port, for a total of 5
usable LAN ports.
10Internet LED (Green)
On:
The Internet port is connected.
Blinking:
The Internet port is transmitting data.
11Power button
This button turns the power on and off.
It may take 20 to 30 seconds to complete shutdown.
12DC connector
Connect the included AC adapter here.
11
Bottom
1
2
Reset button
To reset all settings, hold down this button until the Buffalo LED turns red (about 3 seconds). The power must be
on for this to work.
Setup card slot
This is the slot where the AirStation setup card is stored. The initial settings for the username, password, SSID, and
encryption type are provided on the card for logging into Settings.
Right Side
1
Mounting holes
Mounting holes are provided for mounting the AirStation to a wall. Use the supplied screws to mount to a wall.
12
Installation
Vertical Placement
Attach the stand as shown in the figure below.
Horizontal Placement
The same stand also allows horizontal placement. Install the stand as shown in the figure below.
13
Wall-Mounting
Attach to the wall with the supplied screws in the mounting holes as shown below.
14
How to Set Up AirStation for the First Time
Connect to a PC and Power On
To configure your AirStation, follow the procedure below.
1
Verify that you can connect to the internet without the AirStation, then turn off your modem and computer.
2
Unplug the LAN cable which connects your computer and modem.
3
Plug one end of the LAN cable into your modem and the other end to the AirStation’s Internet (WAN) port. Turn on
the modem.
15
4
Turn on the AirStation, then wait one minute.
Note: If the power does not turn on when the AC adapter is connected, press the Power button on the rear of the
AirStation.
5
6
If using a wired LAN, connect the AirStation LAN port and computer using a LAN cable.
If using a wireless LAN, connect the computer to the wireless LAN as described in Chapter 3.
Once your computer has booted, the AirStation’s LEDs should be lit as described below:
Wireless
On or blinking
Internet access
On
Router
On
Buffalo
White light on
LAN
On or blinking
Internet
On or blinking
Note: If the router LED is not lit, hold down the mode button for about 3 seconds to switch to router mode.
16
7
Launch a web browser. If the home screen is displayed, setup is complete.
If username and password fields are displayed, enter “admin” for the username and “password” for the password,
then click Log In. Step through the wizard to complete setup.
You’ve completed the initial setup of your AirStation.
Opening Settings
To configure the AirStation, log in to Settings as shown below.
1
Launch a web browser.
2
Enter the AirStation’s LAN-side IP address in the address field and press the Enter key.
Notes:
• The AirStation’s default LAN-side IP address depends on the mode.
• In router mode: 192.168.11.1
• In access point mode: 192.168.11.100
• In Wireless bridge mode: 192.168.11.100
• If you changed the IP address of the AirStation, then use the new IP address.
3
Enter “admin” for the username and “password”for the password, then click Log In.
Note: If you forget your password, hold down the reset button to initialize all settings. Note that all other settings
will also revert to their default values.
17
4
This is the configuration interface, where most AirStation settings can be configured.
Connect Your Wireless Devices
For each wireless device that you want to connect to the network, use the device’s built-in software to search for
available networks. Find your SSID (the name of your wireless network) on the list of detected networks and select it.
Enter the passphrase for the network and you’ll be connected. Repeat for any additional wireless client devices that you
want to connect.
18
Chapter 2 - Settings
Settings is the configuration GUI for the AirStation. You can configure all settings for the AirStation from here. This user
manual shows examples from the WZR-1750DHP. If you have a WZR-1166DHP, your screens may be slightly different.
Easy Admin
Home
When you first open Settings, the Easy Admin page is shown. From this page you can easily configure common settings.
The examples below assume the AirStation is in router mode.
Wireless
AOSS/WPS
USB Storage
Guest Accounts
QoS
Web Filtering
Device Settings
Advanced Settings
Displays current wireless status. Click the panel to configure wireless settings.
Displays current AOSS/WPS status. Click the panel to run AOSS/WPS.
Displays the status of USB storage connected to this product. Click the panel to
configure USB storage settings.
Displays current guest accounts status. Click the slider to turn guest accounts on or off.
Click the panel to configure guest accounts settings.
Displays current QoS status. Click the slider to turn QoS on or off. Click the panel to
configure priority control QoS.
Displays current content filter status. Click the panel to configure web filtering.
Displays the number of devices connected to the network. Click the panel to check each
devices status.
Click the panel to configure advanced settings.
19
Wireless
Configure basic wireless settings here. This mode is available in router and access point mode only.
2.4 GHz (11n/g/b)
5 GHz (11ac/n/a)
SSID 1
Encryption
Encryption Key
Channel
Bandwidth
You may enable or disable either wireless frequency range independently. If both
wireless radios are disabled, the AirStation will not communicate wirelessly.
Each SSID may contain up to 32 alphanumeric characters.
The following types of encryption are available:
WPA2-PSK AES
WPA2 authentication with AES encryption is the best system available. Highly
recommended if all your wireless clients support it.
WPA-PSK AES
WPA authentication with AES encryption is an older system, but still secure.
WPA/WPA2-mixed PSK TKIP+AES
For maximum compatibility, this system allows any combination of WPA, WPA2, TKIP, and
AES. This encryption system works with most older clients but is not very secure.
No Encryption
No encryption means that anyone can log in to your wireless network, snoop on your
wireless traffic, and use your bandwidth. Not recommended for most users.
The encryption key is like the “password” for your wireless network. It may contain 8 to
63 case-sensitive alphanumeric characters (ASCII) or 64 hexadecimal characters (0-9 and
a-f, not case-sensitive).
For best results, select Auto Channel. The AirStation will seek and use the clearest
channel automatically. Alternately, you may choose a wireless channel manually.
In rural areas with little wireless traffic, a larger bandwidth setting may improve wireless
performance significantly. However, if you are in an urban area with much wireless traffic
and interference, the default bandwidth is recommended.
20
AOSS/WPS
The following window appears when you click the panel. Click OK to start AOSS/WPS.
USB Storage
Configure USB storage settings here.
Attached Drive
File Sharing
BitTorrent
DLNA
WebAccess
BuffaloNAS.com Name
BuffaloNAS.com Status
Username
Password
The names of USB devices connected to this product.
Enable or disable file sharing.
Enable or disable BitTorrent.
Enable or disable the media server.
Enable or disable WebAccess.
This name may contain 3 to 20 alphanumeric characters, hyphens (-), and underscores
(_). The AirStation will be registered by this name at BuffaloNAS.com.
If the status shows Registration failure, check your BuffaloNAS.com settings.
The WebAccess username may contain up to 20 alphanumeric characters, hyphens (-),
underscores (_), and periods (.). Don’t use a symbol as the first character.
The WebAccess password may contain up to 20 alphanumeric characters, hyphens (-),
underscores (_), and periods (.). It should not be blank. Don’t use a symbol as the first
character.
21
Guest Accounts
Configure guest account settings here. This mode is available in router and access point mode only.
SSID
Encryption
Permitted Access Time
The SSID for the guest accounts may contain up to 32 alphanumeric characters.
Select an encryption mode for the guest accounts.
This is the amount of time that guests will be permitted to access the Internet.
QoS
Configure QoS settings here. This mode is available in router mode only.
Enable
Select a policy
Enable or disable QoS.
Select a policy for communication. Network bandwidth will be optimized for the
selected item.
22
You can check each item’s communication status.
Traffic Monitor
: Priority
: Upload speed
: Download speed
Web Filtering
Configure web filtering. This mode is available in router mode only.
Block Malicious Sites
Block Malicious and
Adult Sites
Block Malicious, Adult,
and Other Non-Family
Friendly Sites
No Filters
I agree to Norton’s
Terms of Service
Blocks malware, phishing, and scam sites.
Blocks malware, phishing, and sites that contain sexually explicit content.
Blocks malware, phishing, and scam sites, sites that contain sexually explicit material,
mature content, abortion, alcohol, crime, cult, drugs, gambling, hate, sexual orientation,
suicide, tobacco, and violence.
This allows unrestricted access to all websites. You can still configure access control
separately.
Web filtering is provided by Symantec Corporation. To enable, you must accept the
terms of service.
Norton ConnectSafe must be activated by the customer. Use of Norton ConnectSafe is subject to the terms of service
found at https://dns.norton.com/dnsweb/terms.do
.
23
Device Settings
Check the status of each device connected to the network. This mode is available in router mode only.
Displays the IP address of each device connected to this product.
Displays uploading and downloading speed of each device connected to this product.
Displays the devices connected to the AirStation.
Click the appropriate icon to open each device’s settings.
Click the icon to send a Wake-on-LAN packet to the device.
24
Advanced Settings
Internet
Configure the WAN-side port (“Internet port”) here.
Internet - Internet (Router Mode Only)
Method of Acquiring IP
Address
Default Gateway
DNS Name Server
Address
Internet MAC Address
MTU Size of Internet
Port
Specify how the WAN-side IP address is obtained.
Configure an IP address for the default gateway.
Specify an IP address for the DNS server.
You may use the default MAC address or specify one manually.
Note: Configuring an improper MAC address may make the AirStation unusable. Do not
change the MAC address unless you know what you’re doing!
Configure the MTU value of the Internet port. Values of 578 to 1500 bytes may be
entered.
25
PPPoE
Configure PPPoE settings here.
Internet - PPPoE (Router Mode Only)
Default PPPoE
Connection
IP Unnumbered PPPoE
Connection
PPPoE Connection List
Edit Connection List
If you have registered multiple connection destinations in the PPPoE Connection List,
connection destinations selected here have priority.
Select the destination from the PPPoE Connection List which is used when Use IP
Unnumbered is chosen for the method of acquiring IP address.
Edit PPPoE destination. You can register up to 5 sessions.
Click this button to edit destination settings.
26
PPPoE Connection
Preferred Connections
Edit Preferred
Connections
Preferred PPPoE
Connection
This is displayed when Edit Connection List is clicked.
Name of Connection
Enter the name to identify the connected destination. You may enter up to 32
alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Username
Enter the username specified by your ISP for PPPoE certification. You may enter up to 64
alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Password
Enter the password specified by your ISP for PPPoE certification. You may enter up to 64
alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Service Name
Fill in this field only if your ISP specifies a service name. Leave blank otherwise. You may
enter up to 64 alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Connection Type
Specifies the timing for the AirStation to connect to your provider.
Automatic Disconnection
Set time to disconnect after communication is stopped when the connection method is
set to Connection on Demand or Manual. You can enter up to 1440 minutes.
Authentication
Configure an authentication method with a provider.
MTU Size
Configure the MTU size for PPPoE. Values of 578 to 1492 bytes may be entered.
MRU Size
Configure MRU (maximum receive unit) for PPPoE. Values of 578 to 1492 may be
entered.
Keepalive
If keepalive is enabled, the AirStation will issue an LCP echo request once a minute in
order to maintain the connection with the PPPoE. If the server does not respond for
more than 6 minutes, the line is recognized as disconnected and the AirStation will
terminate the connection. Disabled by default.
Displays information you have set regarding to the connection destination route.
Click to edit the connection destination route settings.
Click Edit Preferred Connections to display.
Name
The destination to connect by PPPoE if Destination Address and Source Address match.
Select the destination registered to the PPPoE Connection List.
Destination Address
When communicating to this address, the AirStation will communicate with Name.
Source Address
When communicating from this address, the AirStation will communicate with Name.
27
Dynamic DNS
Configure dynamic DNS settings here. Many settings are only available when the appropriate dynamic DNS service is
enabled.
Internet - Dynamic DNS (Router Mode Only)
Dynamic DNS Service
Username
Password
Hostname
Email Address
TZO Key
Domain Name
IP Address Update
Period
Internet-side IP Address
Domain Name
Status
Select a provider (DynDNS or TZO) for dynamic DNS.
Enter the dynamic DNS username. You may enter up to 64 alphanumerical characters
and symbols.
Enter the dynamic DNS password. You may enter up to 64 alphanumerical characters
and symbols.
Enter the dynamic DNS hostname. You may enter up to 255 alphanumerical characters,
hyphens, and periods.
Enter the email address which is registered to the dynamic DNS service. You may enter
up to 64 alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Enter the TZO Key which is registered to the dynamic DNS service. You may enter up to
64 alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Enter the domain name which is registered to the dynamic DNS service. You may enter
up to 255 alphanumerical characters, hyphens, and periods.
Specifies the period to notify the dynamic DNS service provider of the current IP
address. For DynDNS, set it between 0 and 35 days. For TZO, set it between 0 and 99
days. If 0 (zero) days is set, no periodic update is performed.
The WAN-side IP address of the AirStation’s Internet port. This address is sent to the
dynamic DNS service provider.
The domain name assigned by the dynamic DNS service provider. The AirStation can be
accessed from the Internet using this domain name.
Displays the status of the dynamic DNS service.
28
PPTP
Configure the VPN server here.
Internet - PPTP (Router Mode Only)
PPTP Server
Authentication Type
Server IP Address
Client IP Address
DNS Server IP Address
WINS Server IP Address
MTU/MRU Value
Edit PPTP User List
Add New user
Advanced Settings
PPTP User List
Enable to use a PPTP server.
Select the authentication method for PPTP connection.
Select the server IP address.
Select the IP address range.
Choose the IP address for the DNS server.
Choose the IP address for the WINS server.
Configure the MTU (maximum transmission unit) and MRU (maximum receive unit) to
values between 578 and 1500.
Click to edit user information.
Click Edit PPTP User List to display.
Username
Enter the username to connect to the PPTP server. You may enter up to 16
alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Password
Enter the password to connect to the PPTP server. You may enter up to 16
alphanumerical characters and symbols.
Method of Acquiring IP Address
Select the method to be used to assign the IP address is assigned to the PPTP client.
Displays the PPTP users.
29
NAT
Configure network address translation settings here. This enables LAN-side devices to communicate with the Internet.
Internet - NAT (Router Mode Only)
Address Translation
Enable to use network address translation.
LAN
Configure LAN-side and DHCP server settings.
LAN - LAN
LAN-side IP Address
DHCP Server
DHCP IP Address Pool
LAN-side IP Address (For
IP Unnumbered)
Advanced Settings
Lease Period
Default Gateway
DNS Servers
WINS Server
By default, the LAN-side IP address is 192.168.11.1 with subnet mask 255.255.255.0. You
may change it here.
Enable or disable the DHCP server, which assigns LAN-side IP addresses automatically.
Configure the range of IP addresses to be assigned by the DHCP server and IP addresses
to be excluded from that range. Values from 1-256 may be entered.
Set an IP unnumbered LAN-side IP address.
Note: A PC with a normal LAN-side IP address and a PC with an IP unnumbered IP
address cannot communicate each other.
Check Display to display DHCP server advanced settings options.
Set the effective period for IP addresses assigned by the DHCP server. Up to 999 hours
may be entered.
Set the default gateway IP address for the DHCP server to issue to clients.
Set the DNS server IP address for the DHCP server to issue to clients.
Set the WINS server IP address for the DHCP server to issue to clients.
30
Domain Name
Set the domain name for the DHCP server to issue to clients. You may enter up to 127
alphanumerical characters, hyphens, and periods.
DHCP Leases
Configure DHCP exceptions here.
LAN - DHCP Leases (Router Mode Only)
Current DHCP Clients
Displays information for current leases. An IP address which is leased automatically can
be changed to manual leasing by clicking Add Client.
Routing
Configure the AirStation’s IP communication route here.
LAN - Routing
Routing
Manual entries will appear here after being added.
31
2.4 GHz
Configure basic wireless settings from here.
Wireless - 2.4 GHz
32
Wireless
Wireless Channel
High-Speed Mode
Broadcast SSID
SSID 1
SSID 2
SSID Isolation
Wireless Authentication
Encrypt Wireless Data
WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared
Keys)
Key Renewal Interval
WEP Encryption Key
Settings
BSS BasicRateSet
Multicast Rate
Determines whether to allow wireless communication. If this is unchecked, then no
wireless connections will be allowed.
Sets a channel (a range of frequencies) for wireless connections. With Auto Channel
selected, the AirStation will automatically use the best available channel.
Configure the bandwidth for wireless communication. To increase communication rate,
set the bandwidth to 40 MHz and configure extension channel.
If Allow is checked, then the AirStation will respond to SSID searches from wireless
devices by broadcasting its SSID. If Allow is unchecked, then the AirStation ignores SSID
searches from wireless devices.
Enable or disable the main SSID (SSID 1) and sub SSID (SSID 2).
Enable to make wireless devices connected to the specified SSID be able to
communicate only with the Internet-side.
Select an authentication method for SSID 1 from below:
WPA/WPA2-mixed mode PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK at the same time.
WPA2-PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i).
WPA-PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access).
No Authentication
Connect to wireless clients without any authentication method.
You may use any of the following types of encryption:
TKIP/AES mixed mode
TKIP/AES mixed mode allows both TKIP and AES authentication and communication. This
is no more secure than TKIP alone, but more convenient for some users. TKIP/AES mixed
mode can be selected only when WPA/WPA2 mixed mode - PSK is selected for wireless
authentication.
AES
AES is more secure than TKIP, and faster. Use a pre-shared key to communicate with a
wireless device. AES can be selected only when WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK is selected for
wireless authentication.
No Encryption
Data is transmitted without encryption. With this setting, anyone within range can
connect to your wireless network and might be able to access data on the network. Not
recommended for anyone with private data that needs to be kept secure. No Encryption
can be selected only when No Authentication is selected for wireless authentication.
A pre-shared key or passphrase is the password for your wireless connections. There are
two different formats for a pre-shared key. Use 8 to 63 alphanumeric characters (casesensitive) for an ASCII passphrase, or use 64 alphanumeric characters (0 to 9 and a to f,
not case-sensitive) for a hexadecimal passphrase.
Set the update interval for the encryption key between 0 and 1440 (minutes).
A WEP encryption key (passphrase) may have any of four different formats. An
ASCII passphrase may use either 5 or 13 alphanumeric characters (case-sensitive). A
hexadecimal passphrase may use either 10 or 26 alphanumeric characters (0 to 9 and a
to f, not case-sensitive).
BSS (basic service set) configures the transmission rate of control communication frames
for a wireless client. Setup choices may vary with different wireless clients.
Set the communication speed of multicast packets.
33
802.11n Protection
DTIM Period
Wireless Client Isolation
Output Power
WMM Settings
WMM-EDCA Parameters
Enable to use 802.11n protection. 802.11n protection gives priority to 802.11n devices in
mixed mode (11b/g or 11a) networks.
Set the beacon responding interval (1 -255) for which the AirStation responds to a
wireless device. This setting is effective only when power management is enabled for
the wireless device.
If enabled, the Wireless Client Isolation blocks communication between wireless devices
connected to the AirStation. Wireless devices will be able to connect to the Internet
but not with each other. Devices that are connected to the AirStation with wired
connections will still be able to connect to wireless devices normally.
This sets the output of the wireless signal. Because the wireless transmission output and
signal distance range are nearly proportional, when the wireless transmission output is
reduced, the signal distance range also becomes shorter.
Check Display to set priorities only for a specific communication.
You don’t usually need to change these settings. Using the default settings is
recommended.
Priority
The following priorities may be applied to individual transmission packets: (Highest) 8,
(High) 4, (Normal) 2, and (Low) 1. From the queue, these packets are processed in order
of priority.
CWmin, CWmax
The maximum and minimum value of the contention window. The contention window is
used in the frame collision avoidance structure performed in IEEE802.11, and generally,
the smaller the value in the window, the higher the probability that the queue obtains
the right to send.
AIFSN
The interval to send frames. The unit of the AIFSN is a slot, just as the window defined
by CWmin and CWmax is. The smaller the interval of sending frames, the faster the
algorithm can restart. As a result, the priority of the queue is higher.
TXOP Limit
The period of time that the queue can use after obtaining the right to send. The unit is
32 ms. The longer this time, the more frames can be sent per right to send. However, the
queue may interfere with other packet transmissions. If TXOP Limit is set to 0 (zero), only
one frame can be sent per right to send.
Admission Control
Restricts new frames from interfering with a previous queue. New packets are prioritized
lower until a queue of them is collected. As the new queue accumulates more packets,
its priority increases.
5 GHz
Configure basic wireless settings from here.
34
Wireless - 5 GHz
35
Wireless
Wireless Channel
High-Speed Mode
Broadcast SSID
SSID 1
SSID 2
SSID Isolation
Wireless Authentication
Encrypt Wireless Data
WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared
Keys)
Key Renewal Interval
WEP Encryption Key
Settings
BSS BasicRateSet
Determines whether to allow wireless communication. If this is unchecked, then no
wireless connections will be allowed.
Sets a channel (a range of frequencies) for wireless connections. With Auto Channel
selected, the AirStation will automatically use the best available channel. If a channel
compatible with DFS is selected, the channel will be changed automatically when a
weather radar is detected.
Configure the bandwidth for wireless communication. To increase communication rate,
set the bandwidth to 80 MHz and configure extension channel.
If Allow is checked, then the AirStation will respond to SSID searches from wireless
devices by broadcasting its SSID. If Allow is unchecked, then the AirStation ignores SSID
searches from wireless devices.
Enable or disable the main SSID (SSID 1) and sub SSID (SSID 2).
Enable to make wireless devices connected to the specified SSID be able to
communicate only with the WAN-side.
Select an authentication method for SSID 1 from below:
WPA/WPA2-mixed mode PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK at the same time.
WPA2-PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i).
WPA-PSK
Allows the authentication compatible with WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access).
No Authentication
Connect to wireless clients without any authentication method.
You may use any of the following types of encryption:
TKIP/AES mixed mode
TKIP/AES mixed mode allows both TKIP and AES authentication and communication. This
is no more secure than TKIP alone, but more convenient for some users. TKIP/AES mixed
mode can be selected only when WPA/WPA2 mixed mode - PSK is selected for wireless
authentication.
AES
AES is more secure than TKIP, and faster. Use a pre-shared key to communicate with a
wireless device. AES can be selected only when WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK is selected for
wireless authentication.
No Encryption
Data is transmitted without encryption. With this setting, anyone within range can
connect to your wireless network and might be able to access data on the network. Not
recommended for anyone with private data that needs to be kept secure. No Encryption
can be selected only when No Authentication is selected for wireless authentication.
A pre-shared key or passphrase is the password for your wireless connections. There are
two different formats for a pre-shared key. Use 8 to 63 alphanumeric characters (casesensitive) for an ASCII passphrase, or use 64 alphanumeric characters (0 to 9 and a to f,
not case-sensitive) for a hexadecimal passphrase.
Set the update interval for the encryption key between 0 and 1440 (minutes).
A WEP encryption key (passphrase) may have any of four different formats. An
ASCII passphrase may use either 5 or 13 alphanumeric characters (case-sensitive). A
hexadecimal passphrase may use either 10 or 26 alphanumeric characters (0 to 9 and a
to f, not case-sensitive).
The BSS basic rate set is a set of rates at which the router can transmit.
36
Multicast Rate
802.11n Protection
DTIM Period
Wireless Client Isolation
Output Power
WMM Settings
WMM-EDCA Parameters
Sets the communication speed of multicast packets.
Enable to use 802.11n protection. 802.11n protection gives priority to 802.11n devices in
mixed mode (11b/g or 11a) networks.
Set the beacon responding interval (1 -255) for which the AirStation responds to a
wireless device. This setting is effective only when power management is enabled for
the wireless device.
If enabled, Wireless Client Isolation blocks communication between wireless devices
connected to the AirStation. Wireless devices will be able to connect to the Internet
but not with each other. Devices that are connected to the AirStation with wired
connections will still be able to connect to wireless devices normally.
This sets the power of the wireless signal. Because the wireless transmission output and
signal distance range are nearly proportional, when the wireless transmission output is
reduced, the signal distance range also becomes shorter.
Check Display to set priorities.
You don’t usually need to change these settings. Using the default settings is
recommended.
Priority
The following priorities may be applied to individual transmission packets: (Highest) 8,
(High) 4, (Normal) 2, and (Low) 1. From the queue, these packets are processed in order
of priority.
CWmin, CWmax
The maximum and minimum value of the contention window. The contention window is
used in the frame collision avoidance structure performed in IEEE802.11, and generally,
the smaller the value in the window, the higher the probability that the queue obtains
the right to send.
AIFSN
The interval to send frames. The unit of the AIFSN is a slot, just as the window defined
by CWmin and CWmax is. The smaller the interval of sending frames, the faster the
algorithm can restart. As a result, the priority of the queue is higher.
TXOP Limit
The period of time that the queue can use after obtaining the right to send. The unit is
32 ms. The longer this time, the more frames can be sent per right to send. However, the
queue may interfere with other packet transmissions. If TXOP Limit is set to 0 (zero), only
one frame can be sent per right to send.
Admission Control
Restricts new frames from interfering with a previous queue. New packets are prioritized
lower until a queue of them is collected. As the new queue accumulates more packets,
its priority increases.
37
WPS
WPS is a computing standard that attempts to allow easy establishment of a secure wireless home network. It was
created by the Wi-Fi Alliance.
Wireless - WPS (Router and Access Point Mode Only)
WPS
External Registrar
AirStation PIN
WPS PIN
WPS Status
Enable to use WPS automatic configuration.
Enable to accept configure requests from other WPS devices.
Note: Configure requests will not be accepted if AOSS is in use.
Displays the PIN code of the AirStation. Clicking Generate PIN will generate a new PIN
code. This code can be entered into other wireless devices that support WPS.
Enter the PIN code for the other wireless device and click OK.
Displays configured if all available wireless bands are configured. Displays unconfigured if
at least one wireless band is unconfigured.
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AOSS
AOSS is a system for easily configuring a secure wireless home network. It was developed by Buffalo.
Wireless - AOSS (Router and Access Point Mode Only)
AOSS Status
Allow WEP for Game
Consoles Only
AOSS Button on The
AirStation Unit
AOSS Client Information
Displays current AOSS status. Click
to disconnect AOSS connection when it is
enabled.
(SSID and encryption key will return to the previous setting.)
This allows game consoles which only support WEP to connect to the network.
If Enable is unchecked, only WPS runs when you press the button.
Displays the information of the clients connected to this product via AOSS and
communicating with this product wirelessly.
Name
Displays the name of the clients.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC address of the clients.
Encryption Type
Displays the encryption type the clients can use.
Wireless
Displays current wireless method.
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MAC Filtering
Restrict access to specific wireless devices here.
Wireless - MAC Filtering
Enforce MAC Filtering
Registration List
Edit Registration List
Enter MAC Addresses
Connected Client’s List
Enable to restrict wireless connections to devices with registered MAC addresses.
Displays the MAC addresses of registered devices which are permitted to connect
wirelessly.
Adds a wireless device to the list of permitted devices.
Enter a MAC address of a wireless device to permit to connect to the AirStation. Click
Register to add that MAC address to the list.
Display the list of all MAC addresses of wireless devices connected to the AirStation.
Multicast Control
Configure restrictions on unnecessary multicast packets sent to the wireless LAN port here.
Wireless - Multicast Control
Snooping
Multicast Aging Time
If enabled, snooping supervises multicast administrative packets such as IGMP and
restricts unnecessary multicast transfers to wired or wireless ports.
Set the time to hold the data from multicast snooping in the range of 1 to 3600
(seconds). Enter a value bigger than the IGMP/MLD query interval.
40
Guest Accounts
Configure the AirStation’s guest accounts here.
Wireless - Guest Accounts (Router and Access Point Mode Only)
Guest Accounts
Guest User
Authentication
Guest Account LAN IP
Address
Guest Account DHCP
Server
Permitted Access Time
SSID
Wireless Authentication
Wireless Encryption
WPA-PSK(Pre-shared
Key)
Key Renewal Interval
Edit Guests
Username
Password
Enable or disable the guest accounts.
This sets whether authentication is performed for guest users.
This sets the LAN-side IP address for the guest accounts.
This sets whether IP addresses are automatically assigned for devices connected to the
guest accounts.
Set the time frame for Internet access for the guest accounts.
This sets the SSID for the guest accounts.
This sets whether wireless authentication is performed for the guest accounts.
This sets the wireless encryption system for the guest accounts.
This sets the wireless encryption key for the guest accounts.
Set the update interval for the encryption key for the guest accounts.
Click to register a user to use the guest accounts.
Enter a name for the guest user.
Enter a password for the guest user.
41
Wireless Bridge
Configure the AirStation’s wireless bridge here.
Wireless - Wireless Bridge (Wireless Bridge Mode Only)
Wireless Bridge Status
SSID
Security
Select 5 GHz or 2.4 GHz
Repeater
Physical AOSS Button
Manual Settings
PIN Code Method
Pushbutton Method
Execute AOSS
Displays wireless bridge status.
Displays the master’s SSID.
Displays the type of security used by connection with the master.
Set the priority for the connection with the master.
When checked, the AirStation will use the wireless settings of the master device.
Uncheck Enable to disable AOSS and WPS.
Click to search master devices. Select a master device and enter the encryption key.
Click Start WPS by PIN to issue PIN code and search master devices. Select a master
device and click Run PIN to start WPS. Register PIN code to the destination master device
within 2 minutes.
Click Start WPS by pushbutton to start WPS. Press master device’s AOSS/WPS button
within 2 minutes.
Click
to start AOSS. Press master device’s AOSS/WPS button within 2 minutes.
42
Firewall
Configure the AirStation’s firewall here.
Security - Firewall (Router Mode Only)
Basic Rules
Enable to use any of the quick filters. Preconfigured quick filters include:
Prohibit NBT and Microsoft-DS routing
Enabling this blocks communication using these protocols from the WAN side to the
LAN side or from the LAN side to the Internet. You can configure this with PPPoE if you
select Use PPPoE client or Use IP Unnumbered for the method of acquiring IP Address, or if
Easy Setup identified a PPPoE connection during setup.
Reject ident requests
Enabling this option will answer ident requests from the Internet side with
corresponding rejection packets. Enable this option if you experienced slow transfer
speeds for network applications such as email, FTP, and web browsing. If you have
configured transfer of ident requests to the LAN-side computer in the address
translation settings (DMZ or TCP port 113), then that setting has higher priority, and
overrides this setting.
Block ping from Internet
If this is enabled, the AirStation will not respond to pings from the Internet side. You
can configure this with PPPoE if you select Use PPPoE client or Use IP Unnumbered for the
method of acquiring an IP address, or if Easy Setup identified a PPPoE connection during
setup.
43
IP Filter
Create and edit IP filters here.
Security - IP Filter (Router Mode Only)
Action
Direction
IP Address
Protocol
IP Filter
Specify how to process target packets.
Specify the transmission direction of target packets.
Specify the sender’s IP address and receiver’s IP address of the target packets.
Select a protocol for target transmission packet.
Display the list of IP filters which have been registered.
VPN Passthrough
Configure IPv6 passthrough, PPPoE passthrough, and PPTP passthrough here.
Security - VPN Passthrough (Router Mode Only)
IPv6 Passthrough
PPPoE Passthrough
PPTP Passthrough
Enable to use IPv6 Passthrough for address translation.
Enable to use PPPoE bridging. PPPoE bridging lets you automatically obtain an IP
address from your provider for your LAN-side computer using the PPPoE protocol
because PPPoE packets can pass between the Internet and LAN.
Enable to use PPTP passthrough for address translation.
44
Port Forwarding
Configure port translation here.
Security - Port Forwarding (Router Mode Only)
Group
Internet-side IP Address
Protocol
LAN-side IP Address
LAN-side Port
Forwarded Ports
Specify a group name for a new rule to belong to. Select New Group and enter the new
group name in the Group Name field to create a new group. A group name can include
up to 16 alphanumeric characters.
Enter the Internet-side IP address (before translation) for the port translation table entry.
Select the Internet-side protocol (before translation) for the port translation table entry.
Enter the LAN-side IP address (after translation) for the port translation table entry.
Select the LAN-side (after translation) port number (1 - 65535) for the port translation
table entry.
Shows current entries in the port translation table.
45
DMZ
Configure a destination for packets that don’t have a LAN-side destination.
Security - DMZ (Router Mode Only)
Add IP Address to DMZ
Enter the IP address of the destination to which packets which are not routed by a port
translation table are forwarded.
Note: RIP protocol packets (UDP port number 520) will not be forwarded.
UPnP
Configure UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) here.
Security - UPnP (Router Mode Only)
UPnP
Enable or disable Universal Plug and Play.
46
Web Filtering
Security - Web Filtering (Router Mode Only)
Norton ConnectSafe must be activated by the customer. Use of Norton ConnectSafe is subject to the Terms of Service
found at
https://dns.norton.com/dnsweb/terms.do .
Filter Level
Websites Excluded from
Filter
Computers Excluded
from Filter
Select the filter level.
Specify a list of websites that will be unaffected by the web filter. Click Add and enter any
website (up to 20 are allowed). You can edit or delete entered entries.
Set a list of computers on the network that will be unaffected by the web filter. Click
Add and enter a computer’s MAC address (up to 20 are allowed). You can edit or delete
entered entries.
47
Access Control
Security - Access Control (Router Mode Only)
Access Control
Add Access Control
Permitted Access Time
Register
Check to enable access control. Click Add to configure the schedule.
Enter the computer’s MAC address in the “Target Computer” field. You can add up to 20
network computers.
Displays the time that the computer is allowed to access to the Internet.
Configure and register the schedule.
Disk Management
View the status of and configure attached USB drives here.
Applications - Disk Management
Automatic USB Drive
Assignment
Advanced
Character Code for FAT
Sleep Mode
Sleep Mode Interval
Enable or disable automatic USB drive assignment.
Check Display to display the advanced functionality.
Specify the file name character code used for FAT-formatting.
Enable or disable sleep mode.
When the drive is not used for a specified amount of time, it will be shut down
automatically. You can choose a time from 1 to 300 minutes.
48
Device
Disk Assignment
Partition Information
RefreshUSB Devices
Modify Shared Folder
Shared Folder Name
Shared Folder
Description
Drive Partition Area
Disclosed to
Access Restrictions
WebAccess
Current Users
Add
Username
Password
User Description
Displays the manufacturer, product name and unit name of the connected USB devices.
Select a number of the drive or Do not assign.
Displays partition information.
Refreshes USB devices.
Displays when you select a partition and click Setting Changes. Restricts the access to the
USB devices.
The shared folder name may contain up to one-byte 18 alphanumeric characters, each
region’s characters, hyphens (-) and underscores (_). Do not use a symbol as the first
character.
The shared folder description may contain up to one-byte 75 alphanumeric characters,
each region’s characters, hyphens (-) and underscores (_).
Displays Select, Drive Partition Area, Format and Used/Available of devices and partitions.
Select the functions used by registered shared folder.
Configure access restriction settings by username.
If checked, WebAccess users will have the same permission via WebAccess that they do
locally.
If unchecked, WebAccess users will have read-only access permission.
Displays registered users.
Click to register a new user.
Enter an username to access the shared folder. You can enter 1 to 20 alphanumeric
characters, hyphens (-), underscores (_), and periods (.). Do not use a symbol as the first
character.
Enter the password to access the shared folder. You can enter 1 to 20 alphanumeric
characters, hyphens (-), underscores (_), and periods (.). Do not use a symbol as the first
character.
The user description may contain up to 75 alphanumeric characters, spaces, hyphens (-),
and underscores (_). Two-byte characters count as two characters each.
49
Sharing
Assign AirStation and workgroup names to access shared folders.
Applications - Sharing
Shared Folder
AirStation Name
AirStation Description
Workgroup Name
Windows Client
Language
Shared Service
Enable to make a USB drive available on your local network.
Rename your AirStation if desired. Up to 15 alphanumeric characters, spaces, and
hyphens (-) may be used. The AirStation name is also used as the hostname that will be
used with the shared service. The shared service may not be available if you use over 15
alphanumeric characters in your AirStation’s name.
Describe the AirStation (optional). Up to 48 alphanumeric characters, space, hyphens (-),
and underscores (_) may be used.
Enter your workgroup name. Up to 15 alphanumeric characters, space, hyphens (-),
underscores (_), and periods (.) may be used.
Select the language to be used by the Windows client.
Displays the status of the USB drive that is used with the shared service.
50
WebAccess
Configure WebAccess here.
Applications - WebAccess
WebAccess
Language
HTTPS/SSL Encryption
WebAccess External
Port
DNS Service Hostname
WebAccess
External Port Status
BuffaloNAS.com
Check Enable to use WebAccess.
Set the language to be used with WebAccess.
Check Enable to use SSL encryption for protected data transfer.
Automatically sets the external port used for WebAccess. To select the port manually,
select Manual.
Select Use BuffaloNAS.com registration to use WebAccess easily. Enter your registered
BuffaloNAS.com name and BuffaloNAS.com key here. The name and key can each use 3 20 alphanumeric characters, spaces, hyphens (-), underscores (_), and periods (.).
Note: The registered name is deleted from the server if the AirStation is disconnected
from power, even for a moment.
Displays the status of WebAccess.
Displays the status of the external port.
Displays the status of BuffaloNAS.com.
51
Media Server
The media server can stream video, pictures, and music to media players on the network.
Applications - Media Server
Media Server
Status
Enable to use the media server.
Displays the status of the media server.
BitTorrent
Configure the BitTorrent client here.
Applications - BitTorrent
BitTorrent
External Port Number
Bandwidth Restriction
Download Manager
Enable to use the BitTorrent client. If the BitTorrent client is enabled, overall
communication performance may decrease and settings screens may respond slower. If
that happens, reformat the USB disk with XFS. That may help performance.
Select an external port number.
Set a bandwidth limit for BitTorrent.
Displays the BitTorrent download manager screen. Add a torrent, then click Add to
download the file(s).
52
Delete All Torrents
BitTorrent Status
BitTorrent External Port
Status
Deletes all files, including the torrent files and files which are currently downloading.
Downloaded files are not deleted.
Displays the status of the BitTorrent client.
Display the external port status of the BitTorrent client.
You can download the latest Windows BitTorrent client from www.bittorrent.com.
QoS
Configure priority control QoS settings here.
Applications - QoS (Router Mode Only)
Priority Control QoS
Optimize for
Manual
Manual Entry
Add
Name
Priority
Protocol
Remote Settings
Local Settings
Enable or disable QoS.
Select a policy for communication.
These settings will be used when Manual is selected from the Optimize for field above.
Displays manually registered rule information.
Click to register new user. You can register up to 20 users.
Enter the name of the setting.
Select a priority for the setting.
Select a target protocol.
Specify the WAN-side server setting.
Specify the LAN-side device.
53
eco Mode
Configure eco Mode from this screen.
Applications - eco Mode
Power Saving
Custom Mode
Weekly Schedule
Schedule Entry
Enable to schedule eco Mode. If eco Mode is enabled, AOSS will function only when the
AirStation is in normal operating mode.
Individual power saving elements may be configured for custom mode.
Graphically displays the configured schedule.
Configure operational mode for time periods in the weekly schedule.
54
Network USB
Network USB allows a computer on the wired or wireless LAN to connect to a USB device connected to the AirStation
as though it were directly connected to the computer. Printers connected in this way support 2-way communication, so
ink-level notifications and similar functions will work normally. Only one computer can connect to the USB device at a
time.
Note: Network USB is recommended for printer use. Other USB devices are not supported at this time.
Applications - Network USB
Network USB
Use Multifunction
Printer
Enable to allow a computer on the wired or wireless LAN to connect to a USB device
connected to the AirStation as though it were directly connected to the computer.
Disable to reduce the load on the NAS, improve performance, or for security reasons.
This uses a multifunction printer supporting mass storage classes as a printer. Disable if
using as a NAS instead.
55
System
Configure basic AirStation settings here.
Admin - System
AirStation Name
Administrator
Administrator Password
Prohibit configuration
from wireless LAN
Prohibit configuration
from wired LAN
Enter a name for the AirStation. Names may include up to 64 alphanumeric characters
and hyphens (-).
The name of the administrator account is “admin”.
The administrator password may contain up to 8 alphanumeric characters and
underscores (_).
If enabled, prevents access to configuration interface from wirelessly connected devices
(only wired devices may configure).
If enabled, prevents access to configuration interface from wired devices (only wirelessly
connected devices may configure).
56
Permit configuration
from wired Internet
Permitted IP address
Permitted Port
Limit network scanning
NTP Functionality
NTP Server
Update Interval
Local Date
Local Time
Time Zone
DST (Daylight Saving
Time)
If enabled, allows access to configuration interface from network devices on the WAN
(Internet) side.
Displayed only if Internet-side configuration is enabled. Enter the IP address of a device
that is permitted to configure the AirStation remotely from the WAN (Internet) side.
Displayed only if Internet-side configuration is enabled. Set a port number (1 - 65535) to
configure the AirStation from the WAN (Internet) side.
If checked, network scanning will not be able to determine which devices have network
settings GUIs available. You will have to open Settings for network devices directly.
Enable to use an NTP server.
Enter the name of the NTP server as a hostname, hostname with domain name, or IP
address. Up to 255 alphanumeric characters, hyphens (-), and underscores (_) may be
used. The default is time.nist.gov.
How often will the AirStation check the NTP server for the correct time? Intervals of 1 24 hours may be set. The default is 24 hours.
You may manually set the date of the AirStation’s internal clock.
You may manually set the time of the AirStation’s internal clock.
Specify the time zone (offset of greenwich mean time) of the AirStation’s internal clock.
You may configure the AirStation to automatically use DST (daylight saving time). If
selected, the AirStation will automatically adjust the time at the beginning and end of
DST.
Syslog Settings
You may transfer the AirStation’s logs to a syslog server.
Admin - Syslog Settings
Transfer Logs
Syslog Server
Logs
Enable to send logs to a syslog server.
Identify the syslog server by hostname, hostname with domain name, or IP address. You
may enter up to 255 alphanumeric characters and hyphens (-).
Choose which logs will be transferred to the syslog server.
57
Detailed logs
Choose which detailed logs will be transferred to the syslog server.
Reset / Reboot
From this page you can save and restore the AirStation’s settings, initialize the AirStation, or reboot the AirStation.
Admin - Reset / Reboot
Operation
Restart
Select an operation.
Back up settings
Save this product’s settings to a file. Click Execute. You can encrypt the setting file by
checking Use Password and clicking Execute.
Restore settings
Restore this product’s settings from the setting file. Click Browse... and specify a setting
file, then click Execute. If the setting file is encrypted, check Use Password and click
Execute.
Initialize AirStation
This will return the AirStation to its factory default settings.
Click it to restart this product.
58
Update
Update the AirStation’s firmware here.
Admin - Update Firmware
Firmware Version
Update Method
Firmware File Name
Automatic Update
Check
Daily Check Time
Displays the current firmware version of the AirStation.
Specify a file on your PC updates from a firmware file stored on your computer. Automatic
update updates to the latest firmware automatically.
Click Browse... to navigate to the firmware file on your computer if Specify a local file
is selected. You don’t need to specify the firmware location if you’re using Automatic
update. Click Update Firmware to update the firmware.
If enabled, you’ll be notified in Settings when a new firmware is available.
This sets the interval for checking whether a new firmware version has been released.
59
System Information
View system information for the AirStation.
Status - System Information
Model
AirStation Name
Mode
Internet
LAN
Displays the product name of the AirStation and the firmware version.
Displays the name of the AirStation.
Displays the AirStation’s current operational mode.
Displays information about the Internet port.
Displays information about the LAN port.
60
Wireless (5 GHz)
Wireless (2.4 GHz)
Guest Accounts
NAS
Web Filtering
eco Mode
Displays the wireless status.
Displays information about the guest accounts.
Displays information about the USB drive.
This indicates the operating status of the web filter.
This indicates the operating status of eco Mode.
Logs
The AirStation’s logs are recorded here.
Status - Logs
Display logs
Logs
Choose the types of logs to display.
Displays the log information recorded in the AirStation.
61
Packets
View packet transfer information.
Status - Packets
Sent
Received
Displays the number of packets sent to the WAN, the LAN, and the wireless LAN.
Displays the number of packets received from the WAN, the LAN, and the wireless LAN.
Ping
A ping test checks whether the AirStation can communicate with a specific network device.
Status - Ping
Destination Address
Enter the IP address or hostname of the device that you are testing communication with,
then click Execute. The result will be displayed below.
62
Chapter 3 - Wireless
Wireless Options
You may use any of the following methods to connect devices to the AirStation wirelessly.
Manual Configuration
On your device, search for available networks and find the AirStation. If a password is required, enter the AirStation’s
encryption key.
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup)
WPS is an automatic connection method created by the Wi-Fi Alliance. Two different versions of WPS are supported:
pushbutton and PIN. For pushbutton, start WPS on your client device, then press the AOSS button on the AirStation.
Alternately, if your wireless client has a WPS PIN, you may use the Client Manager to enter the PIN in the AirStation. With
either of these methods, a wireless connection will be established automatically within a couple of minutes.
Notes:
• WPS supports Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista (SP 2).
• Mac OS is not supported.
AOSS (AirStation One-touch Secure System)
AOSS is a proprietary system by Buffalo that lets you set up a secure wireless connection with the push of a button. Press
your device’s and the AirStation’s AOSS buttons and a secure wireless connection will be configured automatically.
Notes:
• To use AOSS with a Windows PC, install Client Manager.
• To use AOSS with Mac, install AOSS Assistant.
63
Advanced Wireless Configuration
Manual Configuration (SSID and Password)
1
Click the wireless icon.
2
Select your AirStation’s SSID from the list.
Note: Your AirStation’s default SSID and encryption key are on the setup card stored in the base of the AirStation.
3
Enter the AirStation’s encryption key.
4
The connection will be established.
Automatic Secure Setup (WPS)
1
Click the wireless icon.
2
Select your AirStation’s SSID from the list.
Note: Your AirStation’s default SSID is on the setup card stored in the base of the AirStation.
64
3
Without entering a password, press the AOSS button on the AirStation.
Notes:
• WPS supports Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista Service Pack 2 only.
• Mac OS is not supported.
4
The connection will be established.
Automatic Secure Setup (AOSS)
1
Windows users should download Client Manager from Buffalo’s website and install it.
Mac users should download AOSS Assistant and install it.
2
Initiate AOSS from Client Manager or AOSS Assistant.
3
Press your AirStation’s AOSS button.
4
The connection will be established.
65
Adding an AirStation to an Existing Wireless Network as a
Client
In a network that already has a wireless access point, the AirStation can serve as a wireless client. It can connect
wirelessly to the existing wireless network and other devices can be connected to its Ethernet ports.
To configure the AirStation as a wireless client, navigate to Wireless > Wireless Bridge in Settings.
Under “Manual Connection”, click Configure.
Select your access point from the list of detected wireless devices. Select settings for “Wireless Authentication” and
“Encryption” to match the AP’s settings, then click OK. The AirStation is now connected as a wireless client, and Ethernet
devices connected to it can use the AP’s Internet connection.
66
Chapter 4 - Utilities
How to Download Utilities
You can download utilities for your AirStation from Buffalo’s website.
WZR-1750DHP: http://d.buffalo.jp/wzr-1750dhp/
WZR-1166DHP: http://d.buffalo.jp/wzr-1166dhp/
67
List of Utilities with Description of Each
AirStation Configuration Tool
You can enter the AirStation’s settings and change IP address with this tool.
Compatible with:
Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP
OS X 10.8, 10.7, 10.6, 10.5, 10.4
68
Network-USB Navigator
You can use a printer connected to the AirStation’s USB port via any computer in your network with this software.
Note: Concurrent use by multiple computers is not supported.
Compatible with:
Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP
OS X 10.8, 10.7, 10.6, 10.5, 10.4
69
Client Manager
Use this software to let your Windows PC connect to the AirStation with AOSS.
Client Manager V supports Windows 8, Windows 7 and Windows Vista.
Client Manager 3 supports Windows XP.
Note: If Client Manager 3 is installed on your computer, Wireless Zero Config is disabled. Uninstall Client Manager 3
to use Wireless Zero Config, or just use Client Manager 3 to connect to the AirStation.
Compatible with:
Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP
70
AOSS Assistant
Use this software to let your Mac connect to the AirStation with AOSS.
Compatible with:
OS X 10.8, 10.7, 10.6, 10.5, 10.4
WLAN Monitor
You can check the radio wave condition, connection speed, signal quality, and signal level with this tool.
Compatible with:
OS X 10.8, 10.7, 10.6, 10.5, 10.4
71
Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting
Finding Your AirStation on the Network
By default, your AirStation is accessible on your local network at the IP address 192.168.11.1 with subnet mask
255.255.255.0. If this address has been changed and you don’t know the new address, you can reset the AirStation to its
default settings by holding down the reset button for 3 seconds.
You can also find your AirStation on the network with the AirStation Configuration Tool. This software will detect
AirStations on your network and give you the IP address and MAC address of each.
Eliminating Dead Spots in Wireless Coverage
If there are spots in your house with poor wireless coverage, try moving your AirStation. Sometimes even moving
it a few feet can eliminate dead spots in the area. Also, in Settings, make sure that the wireless output power of the
AirStation is set to 100% for maximum range.
If Your Wireless Connection Is Not Stable
Many household devices such as microwaves and cordless phones can interfere with some channels of the spectrum
available for the AirStation. If your wireless connection is unstable, change the wireless channel setting to auto
channel for both the AirStation and your wireless client device. The AirStation will then choose the clearest channel
automatically.
Make sure that the 5 GHz band is enabled. The AirStation is a dual band router, and either band will work well, but the 5
GHz band will usually have less interference.
Basic Router Troubleshooting
If your router is not behaving normally, begin by using the resetting all settings. With the unit connected to power, hold
down the reset button for 3 seconds. This will reset all settings to their defaults. The local IP address of the router will
now be 192.168.11.1 with a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask.
Connect your PC to one of the Ethernet ports on the router. Give the computer a manual (fixed) IP address on the same
subnet as the router such as 192.168.11.2. Set the subnet mask to 255.255.255.0.
72
Open a browser (such as Firefox) on your computer and type 192.168.11.1 into the URL window. Click Go. The router’s
settings page should open.
Enter the router’s username and password (“admin” and “password” by default).
You should now be able to reconfigure your settings and change your password for the router.
Basic Router Troubleshooting from a Mac
If your router is not behaving normally, begin by using the resetting all settings. With the unit connected to power, hold
down the reset button for 3 seconds. This will reset all settings to their defaults. The local IP address of the router will
now be 192.168.11.1 with a 255.255.255.0 subnet mask.
Connect your Mac to one of the Ethernet ports on the router. In System Preferences - Network - Ethernet, give the
computer a manual (fixed) IP address on the same subnet as the router such as 192.168.11.2. Set the subnet mask to
255.255.255.0.
If your Mac doesn’t have an Ethernet port, connect it to the AirStation wirelessly instead. The AirStation’s default SSID
and passphrase are printed on the setup card in the bottom of the router. Use this information to connect wirelessly.
Then, give the computer a fixed IP address on the same subnet as the router such as 192.168.11.2 and set the subnet
mask to 255.255.255.0.
Open a browser (such as Safari) on your computer and type 192.168.11.1 into the URL window. Click Go. The router’s
settings page should open.
Enter the router’s username and password (“admin” and “password” by default).
You should now be able to reconfigure your settings and change your password for the router.
73
Appendix A - Supplemental Information
Package Contents
The following items are included in your AirStation package. If any of the items are missing, please contact your vender.
WZR-1750DHP
AirStation.....................................................1
AirStation setup card...............................1
AC adapter...................................................1
AC power cable..........................................1
Stands...........................................................2
Screws for wall-mounting.....................2
Ethernet cable...........................................1
Quick setup guide...................................1
Warranty statement................................1
WZR-1166DHP
AirStation.....................................................1
AirStation setup card...............................1
AC adapter...................................................1
Stands...........................................................2
Screws for wall-mounting.....................2
Ethernet cable...........................................1
Quick setup guide...................................1
Warranty statement................................1
74
Factory Default Settings
WZR-1750DHP
Feature
Internet
PPPoE
Dynamic DNS
PPTP
NAT
Parameter
Method of Acquiring IP Address
Default Gateway
DNS Name Server Address
Internet MAC Address
MTU Size of Internet Port
Default PPPoE Connection
IP Unnumbered PPPoE
Connection
PPPoE Connection List
Preferred Connections
Dynamic DNS Service
PPTP Server
Authentication Type
Server IP Address
Client IP Address
DNS Server IP Address
WINS Server IP Address
MTU/MRU Value
PPTP User List
Address Translation
LAN-side IP Address
LAN
DHCP Leases
Routing
DHCP Server
DHCP IP Address Pool
LAN-side IP Address (For IP
Unnumbered)
Advanced Settings
Lease Period
Default Gateway
DNS Servers
WINS Server
Domain Name
Current DHCP Clients
Routing
Default Setting
Internet Connection Wizard
Use default MAC address
1500 Bytes
No active session.
No active session.
No connections registered.
No connections registered.
Disabled
Disabled
MS-CHAPv2 (40/128-bit Encryption)
Auto
Auto
LAN-side IP address of the AirStation
1396
No registered users.
Enabled
IP address: 192.168.11.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Enabled
From 192.168.11.2 to 192.168.11.65
Not displayed
48 hours
AirStation’s IP address
AirStation’s IP address
Do not specify
Assigned by DHCP
No routes registered.
75
Feature
Parameter
Wireless
Wireless Channel
High-Speed Mode
Broadcast SSID
SSID 1
SSID Isolation
SSID
Wireless Authentication
Encryption Wireless Data
WPA-PSK (Pre-shared Keys)
Key Renewal Interval
SSID 2
SSID Isolation
SSID
WEP Encryption Key Settings
BSS BasicRateSet
2.4 GHz
5 GHz
Multicast Rate
802.11n Protection
DTIM Period
Wireless Client Isolation
Output Power
WMM Settings
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_BK (Low))
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_BE (Nomal))
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_VI (High))
Default Setting
Enabled
Auto Channel
2.4 GHz: 216.7 Mbps (20 MHz)
5 GHz: 1300 Mbps (80 MHz)
Allow
Use
Not used
Use AirStation’s MAC address
WPA2-PSK or No Authentication
AES or No Encryption
A 8-digit random value or disabled
(Printed on the setup card. Encryption is disabled in default
settings on AirStation for Asia Pacific.)
0 minutes
Not used
Not used
Use AirStation’s MAC address
2.4 GHz: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps
5 GHz: 6, 12, 24 Mbps
Auto
Not used
1
Not used
100%
Not displayed
For AP
For STA
CWmin
15
15
CWmax
1023
1023
AIFSN
7
7
TXOP Limit
0
0
Admission Control
----Disabled
For AP
For STA
CWmin
15
15
CWmax
63
1023
AIFSN
3
3
TXOP Limit
0
0
Admission Control
----Disabled
For AP
For STA
CWmin
7
7
CWmax
15
15
AIFSN
1
2
TXOP Limit
94
94
Admission Control
----Disabled
76
Feature
Parameter
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_VO (Highest))
WPS
External Registrar
AirStation PIN
WPS PIN
WPS
WPS Security Settings
AOSS
MAC Filtering
Multicast
Control
Guest Accounts
Firewall
AOSS Status
Allow WEP for Game Consoles
Only
AOSS Button on The AirStation
Unit
Enforce MAC Filtering
Registration List
Snooping
Multicast Aging Time
Guest Accounts
Guest User Authentication
Guest Account LAN IP Address
Permitted Access Time
SSID
Wireless Authentication
Wireless Encryption
Show Guests
Basic Rules
Default Setting
For AP
3
7
1
47
-----
For STA
3
7
2
47
Disabled
CWmin
CWmax
AIFSN
TXOP Limit
Admission Control
Enabled
Enabled
An 8-digit random value
(Printed on the label of the AirStation)
WPS Status:
Configured
SSID:
BUFFALO-A-XXXX (where “XXXX” is the last 4 digits of the
AirStation’s MAC address).
BUFFALO-G-XXXX (where “XXXX” is the last 4 digits of the
AirStation’s MAC address).
Security:
WPA2-PSK AES or none
Encryption Key:
Either an 8-digit random value or disabled. Printed on the
setup card. Encryption is disabled by default settings on
AirStation for Asia Pacific.
Not in use
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
No Registered MAC address
Enabled
300 seconds
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
3 hours
Use AirStation’s MAC address
No Authentication
No Encryption
No registered guest users.
Prohibit NBT and Microsoft-DS routing:
Disabled
Reject ident requests:
Enabled
Block ping from Internet:
Enabled
77
Feature
IP Filter
VPN
Passthrough
Port Forwarding
DMZ
UPnP
Web Filtering
Access Control
Disk
Management
Sharing
WebAccess
Media Server
BitTorrent
QoS
Parameter
IP Filter
IPv6 Passthrough
PPPoE Passthrough
PPTP Passthrough
Forwarded Ports
Add IP Address to DMZ
UPnP
Filter Level
Access Control
Automatic USB Drive
Assignment
Advanced
Character Code for FAT
Sleep Mode
Current Users
Shared Folder
AirStation Name
AirStation Description
Workgroup Name
Windows Client Language
WebAccess
HTTPS/SSL Encryption
WebAccess External Port
DNS Server Hostname
Media Server
BitTorrent
External Port Number
Bandwidth Restriction
Priority Control QoS
Optimize for
Manual
Manual Entry
Default Setting
No IP filters have been configured yet.
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Port forwarding has not been set up yet.
Enabled
No Filters
Disabled
Enabled
Not Displayed
North America (CP437)
Disabled
No users registered.
Enabled
“AP” + AirStation’s MAC Address
WORKGROUP
North America (CP437)
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
Use BuffaloNAS.com registration
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
Disabled
Disabled
Video
Video:
Ultra Premium - High Bandwidth
Conference:
Premium - Low Latency, Medium Bandwidth
Gaming:
Premium - Low Latency, 320 Kbps Bandwidth
Audio:
Above Average, 320 Kbps Bandwidth
Browsing:
Standard, Best Availability
Download:
Junk, Lowest Priority
No custom QoS rules added.
78
Feature
eco Mode
Network USB
Parameter
Power Saving
LED
Wired LAN
Wireless LAN
Weekly Schedule
Mode
Start Time
End Time
Day of Week
Network USB
Use Multifunction Printer
AirStation Name
Administrator
Administrator Password
Access
System
NTP Functionality
NTP Server
Update Interval
Local Date
Local Time
Time Zone
DST (Daylight Saving Time)
Transfer Logs
Syslog Server
Syslog Settings
Update
Firmware
Logs
Detailed logs
Update Method
Firmware File Name
Automatic Update Check
Daily Check Time
Default Setting
Disabled
Off
eco
Off
Normal
0:00
0:30
Enabled
Enabled
“AP” + AirStation’s MAC Address
admin (fixed)
password
Prohibit configuration from wireless LAN:
Disabled
Prohibit configuration from wired LAN:
Disabled
Permit configuration from wired Internet:
Disabled
Limit network scanning:
Disabled
Enabled
time.nist.gov
24 hours
2013 Year 1 Month 1 Day
0 Hour 0 Minute 0 Seconds (12 midnight)
(GMT - 06:00) Central Standard Time: CST
USA (from second Sunday in Mar to first Sunday in Nov)
Disabled
Address Translation, IP Filter, Firewall, PPP Client,
Dynamic DNS, DHCP Client, DHCP Server, AOSS, Wireless,
Authentication, Setting Changes, System Boot, NTP Client,
Wired, USB, System
Specify a file on your PC
Enabled
Automatic
79
WZR-1166DHP
Feature
Internet
PPPoE
Dynamic DNS
PPTP
NAT
Parameter
Method of Acquiring IP Address
Default Gateway
DNS Name Server Address
Internet MAC Address
MTU Size of Internet Port
Default PPPoE Connection
IP Unnumbered PPPoE
Connection
PPPoE Connection List
Preferred Connections
Dynamic DNS Service
PPTP Server
Authentication Type
Server IP Address
Client IP Address
DNS Server IP Address
WINS Server IP Address
MTU/MRU Value
PPTP User List
Address Translation
LAN-side IP Address
LAN
DHCP Leases
Routing
DHCP Server
DHCP IP Address Pool
LAN-side IP Address (For IP
Unnumbered)
Advanced Settings
Lease Period
Default Gateway
DNS Servers
WINS Server
Domain Name
Current DHCP Clients
Routing
Default Setting
Internet Connection Wizard
Use default MAC address
1500 Bytes
No active session.
No active session.
No connections registered.
No connections registered.
Disabled
Disabled
MS-CHAPv2 (40/128-bit Encryption)
Auto
Auto
LAN-side IP address of the AirStation
1396
No registered users.
Enabled
IP address: 192.168.11.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Enabled
From 192.168.11.2 to 192.168.11.65
Not displayed
48 hours
AirStation’s IP address
AirStation’s IP address
Do not specify
Assigned by DHCP
No routes registered.
80
Feature
Parameter
Wireless
Wireless Channel
High-Speed Mode
Broadcast SSID
SSID 1
SSID Isolation
SSID
Wireless Authentication
Encryption Wireless Data
WPA-PSK (Pre-shared Keys)
Key Renewal Interval
SSID 2
SSID Isolation
SSID
WEP Encryption Key Settings
BSS BasicRateSet
2.4 GHz
5 GHz
Multicast Rate
802.11n Protection
DTIM Period
Wireless Client Isolation
Output Power
WMM Settings
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_BK (Low))
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_BE (Nomal))
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_VI (High))
Default Setting
Enabled
Auto Channel
2.4 GHz: 144 Mbps (20 MHz)
5 GHz: 866 Mbps (80 MHz)
Allow
Use
Not used
Use AirStation’s MAC address
WPA2-PSK or No Authentication
AES or No Encryption
A 8-digit random value or disabled
(Printed on the setup card. Encryption is disabled in default
settings on AirStation for Asia Pacific.)
0 minutes
Not used
Not used
Use AirStation’s MAC address
2.4 GHz: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps
5 GHz: 6, 12, 24 Mbps
Auto
Not used
1
Not used
100%
Not displayed
For AP
For STA
CWmin
15
15
CWmax
1023
1023
AIFSN
7
7
TXOP Limit
0
0
Admission Control
----Disabled
For AP
For STA
CWmin
15
15
CWmax
63
1023
AIFSN
3
3
TXOP Limit
0
0
Admission Control
----Disabled
For AP
For STA
CWmin
7
7
CWmax
15
15
AIFSN
1
2
TXOP Limit
94
94
Admission Control
----Disabled
81
Feature
Parameter
WMM-EDCA Parameters
(Priority AC_VO (Highest))
WPS
External Registrar
AirStation PIN
WPS PIN
WPS
WPS Security Settings
AOSS
MAC Filtering
Multicast
Control
Guest Accounts
Firewall
AOSS Status
Allow WEP for Game Consoles
Only
AOSS Button on The AirStation
Unit
Enforce MAC Filtering
Registration List
Snooping
Multicast Aging Time
Guest Accounts
Guest User Authentication
Guest Account LAN IP Address
Permitted Access Time
SSID
Wireless Authentication
Wireless Encryption
Show Guests
Basic Rules
Default Setting
For AP
3
7
1
47
-----
For STA
3
7
2
47
Disabled
CWmin
CWmax
AIFSN
TXOP Limit
Admission Control
Enabled
Enabled
An 8-digit random value
(Printed on the label of the AirStation)
WPS Status:
Configured
SSID:
BUFFALO-A-XXXX (where “XXXX” is the last 4 digits of the
AirStation’s MAC address).
BUFFALO-G-XXXX (where “XXXX” is the last 4 digits of the
AirStation’s MAC address).
Security:
WPA2-PSK AES or none
Encryption Key:
Either an 8-digit random value or disabled. Printed on the
setup card. Encryption is disabled by default settings on
AirStation for Asia Pacific.
Not in use
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
No Registered MAC address
Enabled
300 seconds
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
3 hours
Use AirStation’s MAC address
No Authentication
No Encryption
No registered guest users.
Prohibit NBT and Microsoft-DS routing:
Disabled
Reject ident requests:
Enabled
Block ping from Internet:
Enabled
82
Feature
IP Filter
VPN
Passthrough
Port Forwarding
DMZ
UPnP
Web Filtering
Access Control
Disk
Management
Sharing
WebAccess
Media Server
BitTorrent
QoS
Parameter
IP Filter
IPv6 Passthrough
PPPoE Passthrough
PPTP Passthrough
Forwarded Ports
Add IP Address to DMZ
UPnP
Filter Level
Access Control
Automatic USB Drive
Assignment
Advanced
Character Code for FAT
Sleep Mode
Current Users
Shared Folder
AirStation Name
AirStation Description
Workgroup Name
Windows Client Language
WebAccess
HTTPS/SSL Encryption
WebAccess External Port
DNS Server Hostname
Media Server
BitTorrent
External Port Number
Bandwidth Restriction
Priority Control QoS
Optimize for
Manual
Manual Entry
Default Setting
No IP filters have been configured yet.
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Port forwarding has not been set up yet.
Enabled
No Filters
Disabled
Enabled
Not Displayed
North America (CP437)
Disabled
No users registered.
Enabled
“AP” + AirStation’s MAC Address
WORKGROUP
North America (CP437)
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
Use BuffaloNAS.com registration
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
Disabled
Disabled
Video
Video:
Ultra Premium - High Bandwidth
Conference:
Premium - Low Latency, Medium Bandwidth
Gaming:
Premium - Low Latency, 320 Kbps Bandwidth
Audio:
Above Average, 320 Kbps Bandwidth
Browsing:
Standard, Best Availability
Download:
Junk, Lowest Priority
No custom QoS rules added.
83
Feature
eco Mode
Network USB
Parameter
Power Saving
LED
Wired LAN
Wireless LAN
Weekly Schedule
Mode
Start Time
End Time
Day of Week
Network USB
Use Multifunction Printer
AirStation Name
Administrator
Administrator Password
Access
System
NTP Functionality
NTP Server
Update Interval
Local Date
Local Time
Time Zone
DST (Daylight Saving Time)
Transfer Logs
Syslog Server
Syslog Settings
Update
Firmware
Logs
Detailed logs
Update Method
Firmware File Name
Automatic Update Check
Daily Check Time
Default Setting
Disabled
Off
eco
Off
Normal
0:00
0:30
Enabled
Enabled
“AP” + AirStation’s MAC Address
admin (fixed)
password
Prohibit configuration from wireless LAN:
Disabled
Prohibit configuration from wired LAN:
Disabled
Permit configuration from wired Internet:
Disabled
Limit network scanning:
Disabled
Enabled
time.nist.gov
24 hours
2013 Year 1 Month 1 Day
0 Hour 0 Minute 0 Seconds (12 midnight)
(GMT - 06:00) Central Standard Time: CST
USA (from second Sunday in Mar to first Sunday in Nov)
Disabled
Address Translation, IP Filter, Firewall, PPP Client,
Dynamic DNS, DHCP Client, DHCP Server, AOSS, Wireless,
Authentication, Setting Changes, System Boot, NTP Client,
Wired, USB, System
Specify a file on your PC
Enabled
Automatic
84
Technical Specifications
WZR-1750DHP
Wireless LAN Interface
Standard Compliance
Transmission Method
Frequency Range
Transmission Rate 802.11ac
(Draft)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) / IEEE 802.11n / IEEE 802.11a / IEEE 802.11g / IEEE 802.11b
Direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS), OFDM, MIMO
Available frequencies depend on the country of purchase.
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 20 MHz BW <Long GI>:
260/234/195/175.5/156/117/78/58.5/39/19.5 Mbps (3 streams)
156/130/117/104/78/52/39/26/13 Mbps (2 streams)
78/65/58.5/52/39/26/19.5/13/6.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 20 MHz BW <Short GI>:
288.9/260/216.7/195/173.3/130/86.7/65/43.3/21.7 Mbps (3 streams)
173.3/144.4/130/115.6/86.7/57.8/43.3/28.9/14.4 Mbps (2 streams)
86.7/72.2/65/57.8/43.3/28.9/21.7/14.4/7.2 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 40 MHz BW <Long GI>:
540/486/405/364.5/324/243/162/121.5/81/40.5 Mbps (3 streams)
360/324/270/243/216/162/108/81/54/27 Mbps (2 streams)
180/162/135/121.5/108/81/54/40.5/27/13.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 40 MHz BW <Short GI>:
600/540/450/405/360/270/180/135/90/45 Mbps (3 streams)
400/360/300/270/240/180/120/90/60/30 Mbps (2 streams)
200/180/150/135/120/90/60/45/30/15 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 80 MHz BW <Long GI>:
1170/1053/877.5/702/526.5/351/263.3/175.5/87.8 Mbps (3 streams)
780/702/585/526.5/468/351/234/175.5/117/58.5 Mbps (2 streams)
390/351/292.5/263.3/234/175.5/117/87.8/58.5/29.3 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 80 MHz BW <Short GI>:
1300/1170/975/780/585/390/292.5/195/97.5 Mbps (3 streams)
866.7/780/650/585/520/390/260/195/130/65 Mbps (2 streams)
433.3/390/325/292.5/260/195/130/97.5/65/32.5 Mbps (1 stream)
85
Transmission Rate 802.11
n/a/b/g
Access Mode
Security
Wired LAN Interface
Standard Compliance
Transmission Rate
Transmission Encoding
Access Method
Speed and Flow Control
Number of LAN Ports
USB Interface
Interface
Connector Type
IEEE 802.11n 20 MHz BW <Long GI>:
195/175.5/156/117/78/58.5/39/19.5 Mbps (3 streams)
130/117/104/78/52/39/26/13 Mbps (2 streams)
65/58.5/52/39/26/19.5/13/6.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 20 MHz BW <Short GI>:
216.7/195/173.3/130/86.7/65/43.3/21.7 Mbps (3 streams)
144.4/130/115.6/86.7/57.8/43.3/28.9/14.4 Mbps (2 streams)
72.2/65/57.8/43.3/28.9/21.7/14.4/7.2 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 40 MHz BW <Long GI>:
405/364.5/324/243/162/121.5/81/40.5 Mbps (3 streams)
270/243/216/162/108/81/54/27 Mbps (2 streams)
135/121.5/108/81/54/40.5/27/13.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 40 MHz BW <Short GI>:
450/405/360/270/180/135/90/45 Mbps (3 streams)
300/270/240/180/120/90/60/30 Mbps (2 streams)
150/135/120/90/60/45/30/15 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11a / IEEE 802.11g:
54/48/36/24/18/12/9/6 Mbps
IEEE 802.11b:
11/5.5/2/1 Mbps
Infrastructure Mode
AOSS, WPA/WPA2 mixed PSK, WPA2-PSK (AES), WPA-PSK (AES), 64-bit or 128-bit WEP,
MAC address filter
IEEE 802.3ab (1000BASE-T) / IEEE 802.3u (100BASE-TX) / IEEE 802.3 (10BASE-T)
10 / 100 / 1000 Mbps
1000BASE-T 4DPAM5, 100BASE-TX 4B5B/MLT-3, 10BASE-T Manchester Coding
CSMA/CD
10 / 100 / 1000 Mbps, Auto Sensing, Auto MDIX
4
USB 3.0
USB 2.0
USB 3.0 x 1
USB 2.0 x 1
Other
Power Supply
Power Consumption
Dimensions
Weight
Operating Environment
External AC 100-240 V Universal, 50/60 Hz
(Asian Power Devices Inc. DA-48Q12)
About 18.2 W (Max)
212.2 x 183.2 x 34 mm (8.4 x 7.2 x 1.3 in.)
580 g (20.5 oz.)
0 - 40° C (32 - 104° F), 10 - 85% (non-condensing)
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WZR-1166DHP
Wireless LAN Interface
Standard Compliance
Transmission Method
Frequency Range
Transmission Rate 802.11ac
(Draft)
Transmission Rate 802.11
n/a/b/g
Access Mode
Security
Wired LAN Interface
Standard Compliance
Transmission Rate
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) / IEEE 802.11n / IEEE 802.11a / IEEE 802.11g / IEEE 802.11b
Direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS), OFDM, MIMO
Available frequencies depend on the country of purchase.
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 20 MHz BW <Long GI>:
156/130/117/104/78/52/39/26/13 Mbps (2 streams)
78/65/58.5/52/39/26/19.5/13/6.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 20 MHz BW <Short GI>:
173.3/144.4/130/115.6/86.7/57.8/43.3/28.9/14.4 Mbps (2 streams)
86.7/72.2/65/57.8/43.3/28.9/21.7/14.4/7.2 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 40 MHz BW <Long GI>:
360/324/270/243/216/162/108/81/54/27 Mbps (2 streams)
180/162/135/121.5/108/81/54/40.5/27/13.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 40 MHz BW <Short GI>:
400/360/300/270/240/180/120/90/60/30 Mbps (2 streams)
200/180/150/135/120/90/60/45/30/15 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 80 MHz BW <Long GI>:
780/702/585/526.5/468/351/234/175.5/117/58.5 Mbps (2 streams)
390/351/292.5/263.3/234/175.5/117/87.8/58.5/29.3 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11ac (Draft) 80 MHz BW <Short GI>:
866.7/780/650/585/520/390/260/195/130/65 Mbps (2 streams)
433.3/390/325/292.5/260/195/130/97.5/65/32.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 20 MHz BW <Long GI>:
130/117/104/78/52/39/26/13 Mbps (2 streams)
65/58.5/52/39/26/19.5/13/6.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 20 MHz BW <Short GI>:
144.4/130/115.6/86.7/57.8/43.3/28.9/14.4 Mbps (2 streams)
72.2/65/57.8/43.3/28.9/21.7/14.4/7.2 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 40 MHz BW <Long GI>:
270/243/216/162/108/81/54/27 Mbps (2 streams)
135/121.5/108/81/54/40.5/27/13.5 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11n 40 MHz BW <Short GI>:
300/270/240/180/120/90/60/30 Mbps (2 streams)
150/135/120/90/60/45/30/15 Mbps (1 stream)
IEEE 802.11a / IEEE 802.11g:
54/48/36/24/18/12/9/6 Mbps
IEEE 802.11b:
11/5.5/2/1 Mbps
Infrastructure Mode
AOSS, WPA/WPA2 mixed PSK, WPA2-PSK (AES), WPA-PSK (AES), 64-bit or 128-bit WEP,
MAC address filter
IEEE 802.3ab (1000BASE-T) / IEEE 802.3u (100BASE-TX) / IEEE 802.3 (10BASE-T)
10 / 100 / 1000 Mbps
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Transmission Encoding
Access Method
Speed and Flow Control
Number of LAN Ports
USB Interface
Interface
Connector Type
Other
Power Supply
Power Consumption
Dimensions
Weight
Operating Environment
1000BASE-T 4DPAM5, 100BASE-TX 4B5B/MLT-3, 10BASE-T Manchester Coding
CSMA/CD
10 / 100 / 1000 Mbps, Auto Sensing, Auto MDIX
4
USB 3.0
USB 3.0 x 1
External AC 100-240 V Universal, 50/60 Hz
(Asian Power Devices Inc. WA-36A12)
About 15.1 W (Max)
212.2 x 183.2 x 34 mm (8.4 x 7.2 x 1.3 in.)
590 g (20.8 oz.)
0 - 40° C (32 - 104° F), 10 - 85% (non-condensing)
88
Shared Folders and USB Ports
There are several restrictions on using the AirStation’s USB port:
• When using two-byte characters (such as Japanese), keep folder and file names within 80 characters. You may not be
able to copy a folder or a file whose name length is more than 80 characters.
• You cannot set attributes (hidden or read-only) for folders or files on the AirStation.
• When using access restrictions, you can register up to 16 users for the AirStation.
• Please note that you are not allowed to use any of the following words as a user or group name: adm, administrator,
all, bin, daemon, disk, ftp, guest, halt, hdusers, kmen, lp, mail, man, news, nobody, nogroup, none, operator, root,
shadow, shutdown, sshd, sync, sys, ttyusers, utmp, uucp, www.
• Please note that you are not allowed to use any of the following words as a shared folder name: global, homes,
printers, bittorrent, disk1_pt1, disk1_pt2, disk1_pt3, disk1_pt4, disk2_pt1, disk2_pt2, disk2_pt3, disk2_pt4, disk3_pt1,
disk3_pt2, disk3_pt3, disk3_pt4, disk4_pt1, disk4_pt2, disk4_pt3, disk4_pt4.
• If a file created on a Mac contains any of the following characters, it will not be displayed correctly under Windows.
Also, you cannot copy or properly display a file when connecting via SMB from Mac OS if it contains any of these
characters:
? [ ] / ¥ = + < > ; :“ , | *
• Cancelling or aborting a file copy may leave the file incomplete, and you may no longer be able to delete the
incomplete file. This can also happen during a power outage or if the LAN cable is suddenly disconnected. If it
happens, restart the AirStation, delete the file, and try copying the file again.
• Use the same username and password for the AirStation as the user’s Windows login. If they are different, the user
may not be able to access shared folders with access restrictions on the AirStation.
• Date and time stamps stored on the USB hard drive may be updated by the OS accessing the AirStation. File creation
or access dates may not be maintained.
• If you view the size of a hard drives on the browser, it shows a bigger value than when you see it in Windows’ drive
properties. This is because the browser shows the size of the drive in gigabytes but Windows shows it in gibibytes.
• If you have logged in using a “guest” account from Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, or Windows
2000, access restrictions may not work properly. A (different) guest account already exists on the AirStation.
• If you access a shared folder from a Mac, additional Mac OS information files may be automatically generated. Do not
delete these files from a Windows computer. Otherwise, you may no longer be able to access folders from a Mac.
• Device types that can be connected to the AirStation’s USB connector are USB hard drives, USB memory sticks,
USB printer, or USB card readers. Card readers with 5 or more slots are not supported. USB devices such as a digital
cameras, CD/DVD drives, mice, or keyboards are not supported.
• Encrypted USB hard drives are not supported.
• If your hard drive has an auto power mode switch, move the switch to manual or on. Leaving the switch set to auto
may result in unpredictable behavior.
• Up to 4 partitions can be recognized on a USB hard drive.
• Available file systems for USB hard drives are FAT12, FAT16, FAT32, and XFS.
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GPL Information
The source code for Buffalo products that use GPL code is available at http://opensource.buffalo.jp/ .
90
Appendix B - Tutorials
Configuring the AirStation for Optimal Performance and Security
Some basic configuration tips to help improve your router performance and security.
Performance
• Put the AirStation in an elevated spot near the center of your house or coverage area, but away from other devices
that might cause interference.
• Experiment with strategic locations to improve signal strength. To reduce interference, keep the router away from
cordless phones and microwaves.
• In populated areas, leave automatic channel selection enabled and use 20 MHz wide channels. In less crowded areas,
40 MHz wide channels may offer better performance.
• Use QoS (Quality of Service) to give priority to services that need the most data.
Security
• Use AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) as the encryption. WEP offers virtually no protection at all.
• Enable the built-in AirStation firewall to prevent certain types of network traffic from reaching your computer.
• Enable IP filtering to control what IP traffic to allow into and out of your network for further access control.
• If you are using an unsecure network (e.g. WEP) and you wish to keep that access point separate from the rest of the
network, enable Client isolation. The unsecure router will still be able to access the Internet, but will be kept separate
from the rest of the network.
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Sharing a Printer
A USB printer attached to the AirStation can be made available to the network for wireless printing. You will need to
download and install the Network USB Navigator application from the Buffalo website.
Before proceeding, make sure the printer is installed on your PC with the correct printer drivers/software. If the PC does
not have the required drivers, even if Network USB Navigator detects the printer you will not be able to print to the
device.
Enabling Network USB on the AirStation
1
Open the AirStation’s Settings page and navigate to Applications - Network USB.
2
Enable Network USB. If the printer has multiple functions (e.g. scanning), enable Use Multifunction Printer as well.
Installing and Using Network USB Navigator
1
Download the Network USB Navigator software from the Buffalo website.
2
Open the application and install it on your PC, following the directions on the screen.
3
Connect the USB printer to the AirStation. Make sure the printer is powered on.
4
Open Network USB Navigator. The printer should appear as a network device.
5
Select the printer and click Connect button.
The printer should now be connected and available for wireless printing over the network.
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Configuring the Web Filter
You can apply a web content filter to prohibit access to sites that contain objectionable content. You can access the web
filter settings from the Easy Admin page, or by navigating to Security - Web Filtering.
You must first accept the Symantec terms of use before you can use web filtering.
Content Filter
You can select a filter level to set what kind of sites are blocked by the AirStation. To configure the content filter:
1
On the Web Filtering screen, enable content filtering.
2
Select the filter level.
3
Click Apply.
Websites Excluded from Filter
Excluded websites can be accessed regardless of the content filter in place. You can register up to 20 excluded sites. To
add a website:
1
On the Web Filtering screen, click Add under “Websites Excluded from Filter” to open the Exclude Website page.
2
Enter a website URL (e.g. www.google.com).
3
Click Add.
You will be returned to the Web Filtering page and the site will be displayed under “Websites Excluded from Filter”. You
can click Edit to make any changes, or Delete to remove the entry.
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Computers Excluded from Filter
Excluded computers can access any website without being affected by the content filter. You can register up to 20
excluded computers. To add a computer:
1
2
3
On the Web Filtering screen, click Add under “Computers Excluded from Filter” to open the Exclude Computer
page.
Enter a computer’s MAC address. If you need help locating a computer’s MAC address, consult the computer’s
manual, or visit the next section.
Click Add.
You will be returned to the Web Filtering screen and the computer will be displayed under “Computers Excluded from
Filter”. You can click Edit to make any changes, or Delete to remove the entry.
Finding a Computer’s MAC Address
Follow the steps below to locate a computer’s MAC address.
1
On your PC desktop, click on Start and type ‘cmd’ into the Search Bar.
2
The Command Prompt appears. Type ‘ipconfig /all’ and hit Enter.
3
Locate the Physical Address. This is the computer’s MAC address.
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Configuring Access Control
You can set up a schedule that dictates when a target computer on the network can (or cannot) access the Internet. To
configure this, navigate to Security - Access Control.
1
Open Access Control options by clicking Enable.
2
Under Target Computer, enter the computer’s MAC address.
3
For the added computer, select Internet Access or No Internet Access.
4
Set the start time, end time, and day(s) for the computer’s permitted access time. “0” refers to midnight. For
example, if you set Computer A to have “Internet Access” from 7:00-10:00 on Thursday and Saturday, then
Computer A can only access the Internet during those times and would not be able to get online during other
times.
5
Click Edit Permitted Access Time to save the change.
6
You can make additional changes to the schedule if needed by repeating steps 3-5.
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7
Click Save.
You will be returned to the Access Control screen, and the computer’s access settings will be displayed. You can click Edit
to modify the permitted access time or other settings, or Delete to remove the entry.
You can have up to 20 target computers under Access Control.
Port Forwarding Basics
Port forwarding is a way of configuring the AirStation so that incoming data is automatically directed to specific IP
addresses on the network based on the data type.
Common Uses
Port forwarding allows computers outside your network to access computers on your LAN.
Some applications require port forwarding. For example, if you set up a game server, people outside the network will
need to join your server to play the game with you. But the AirStation will automatically block all outside attempts to
connect to your LAN. By setting a port number (the port receiving all the connection requests) and the IP address of
your game server, the AirStation can then automatically direct the connection requests to the game server, allowing
others to join and play.
You will need to know specific ports and corresponding protocols to successfully configure port forwarding. Most
network applications and services will have the required ports and protocols in their user documentation.
Security
The risk of having a port “open” to the Internet depends entirely on the application using the open port. If no application
is currently connected to the port, all communications to the port will be ignored. Enabling a firewall or other security
application will also help reduce security risk.
UPnP
For the most part, manually configuring port forwarding rules is unnecessary with the advent of UPnP (Universal Plug
and Play). UPnP is a protocol that allows a connecting application or device to automatically request and configure a
port for you.
Many applications require that UPnP be enabled both in the application’s configuration and on the router. You can
enable UPnP on this AirStation by opening the Settings page, then navigating to Applications - UPnP.
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Setting Up Port Forwarding Rules
If UPnP is enabled, most programs will configure this for you automatically. Otherwise, you can manually set rules for
port forwarding. You can access port forwarding options by opening the AirStation’s Settings page and then navigating
to Security - Port Forwarding.
Creating Port Forwarding Rules
The AirStation can register up to 32 rules. Rules can be managed using the group feature.
Once a group has been created, you can add additional port forwarding rules to that group. You can also turn the group
of rules on or off as needed, or select a group of port forwarding rules to be disabled.
1
2
3
4
5
Create a new group name or add to an existing group.
Specify the WAN-side IP address the AirStation will forward ports from. Using the AirStation’s Internet IP address is
highly recommended, but you can manually enter an IP address.
Select a protocol and its corresponding port from the dropdown menu. For example, selecting HTTP will
automatically select TCP port 80. If you select any other protocol, you must select a valid port (from 1-65535)
as well. The default is TCP/UDP, along with a list of common protocols. If selected, the protocols will use a
corresponding port. You can also select Manual to manually enter a protocol and its corresponding port.
Enter the LAN–side IP address of the network computer to receive the forwarded data.
Enter the LAN-side port. This port will almost always be the same as the port set under Protocol. If the port is
different, this port will be used to route traffic on the LAN rather than the WAN port. As before, you can select a
port from 1-65535.
Once the rule has been added, it will be displayed under the “Forwarded Ports” section.
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Managing Port Forwarding Rules
Individual rules cannot be turned off. Only a rule group can be shut off. You can click Edit to make any changes to
individual rules, or Delete to remove the rule entry.
Configuring a USB Drive as a NAS
You can use a USB drive as a network-attached storage (NAS) device by plugging it into the AirStation. The files on the
device can then be accessed from anywhere on the network.
Note: Not all USB drives are compatible with the AirStation.
Setting Up the NAS
Make sure the USB drive is powered on.
1
Connect the USB drive to the AirStation.
2
On a computer, open a web browser and access the AirStation’s Settings page.
3
Navigate to Applications - Disk Management.
4
Enable Automatic USB Disk Assignment.
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Formatting the Drive
1
2
3
On the Disk Management page, click Partition1.
AirStation does not support ext3 or NTFS format drives. If the USB drive is in one of those formats, click Format to
open the Format Disk page.
Select a format type and click Execute format to format the drive. Formatting will erase all data on the drive, so back
up any important data beforehand.
User Access
Set user access restrictions for the drive.
1
On the Disk Management page, click Partition1.
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2
Click Setting Changes.
3
Select the type of access to be given to users and click Save.
To create new users, click Add from the Disk Management page.
Enable Sharing
Enable sharing so the drive is accessible by other users on the network.
1
Navigate to Applications - Sharing.
2
Enable Shared Folder for the NAS.
3
Set the Workgroup name and click Apply.
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Adding the AirStation to a Wireless Network
If you have an existing wireless network, you can connect the AirStation to extend the wireless network range. Other
client devices (wired and wireless) will be able to connect to the AirStation to use the Internet.
Set up the AirStation as an Extender
The AirStation can rebroadcast an existing wireless signal to extend the range. However, the AirStation will maintain its
own SSID and security settings.
1
Set the mode switch on the back of the AirStation to “WB”.
2
Connect the AirStation to a computer with an Ethernet cable.
3
Move the AirStation next to the access point.
4
Open a web browser and enter the AirStation’s IP address (default is 192.168.11.100).
5
Enter the administrator password and log in.
6
Navigate to Wireless - Wireless Bridge.
7
If the access point supports WPS or AOSS, you can use either to connect the AirStation. Once the access point is
connected and its settings are displayed on the page, click Apply.
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8
You can also manually select the access point by opening the Manual Connection page. Select the access point
from the available list of detected wireless access points. Set the wireless authentication and encryption to match
that of the access point and click OK. If the access point is not displayed, click Search Again to refresh the list. After
you are returned to the Wireless Bridge page, click Apply.
The AirStation should now be connected as a wireless extender. Configure the AirStation’s SSID and security settings
on Wireless - 2.4 GHz (or 5 GHz). Once you are finished, you can disconnect the Ethernet cable and move the AirStation
to another location that is within range of the access point. Other devices can now connect to the AirStation to use the
Internet.
Set up the AirStation as a Repeater
If the AirStation is set as a repeater, it will rebroadcast an existing wireless signal and only use the access point’s SSID
and security settings. Devices within range of both the access point and the AirStation will automatically connect to the
stronger signal.
1
Set the mode switch on the back of the AirStation to “WB”.
2
Connect the AirStation to a computer with an Ethernet cable.
3
Move the AirStation next to the wireless access point.
4
Open a web browser and enter the AirStation’s IP address (default is 192.168.11.100).
5
Enter the administrator password and log in.
6
Navigate to the Wireless - Wireless Bridge.
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7
8
9
If the access point supports WPS or AOSS, you can use either to connect the AirStation.
You can also manually select the access point by opening the Manual Connection page. Select the access point
from the available list of detected wireless access points. Set the wireless authentication and encryption to match
that of the access point device and click OK. If the access point is not displayed, click to Search Again to refresh the
list.
Enable Repeater to automatically use the access point’s SSID and security settings.
10Click Apply to save your changes.
The AirStation should now be connected as a repeater. You can disconnect the Ethernet cable and move the AirStation
to another location that is within range of the access point. Other devices can now connect to the AirStation to use the
Internet.
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Saving and Restoring Settings with a Backup File
Once you have finished configuring your AirStation to your needs, you can save the current configuration to a backup
file. This file can be used to restore the AirStation’s settings when needed. For example, the AirStation will initialize its
settings after a hard reset. Instead of re-configuring the unit, simply use the backup file to restore its previous settings.
The backup file is not automatically updated when you make further AirStation configuration changes.
Save Settings to a Backup File
You can access Save settings by navigating to the Admin - Save/Restore.
1
2
On the Save/Restore Settings page, check Back up settings.
Check Use Password if you want to encrypt the backup file with a password. If you do, the system will ask for
the password when restoring settings with the backup file. The password may include up to 8 single-byte
alphanumeric characters and underscores (_).
3
Click Execute. The Save As dialog appears.
4
Click OK.
Once the file has been saved to your system, do not rename the backup file. If needed, you can put the file into another
folder.
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Restoring Settings with a Backup File
Restore settings can be found on the same tab.
1
On the Save/Restore Settings page, check Restore settings.
2
The Browse field appears. Click Browse... to locate the backup file on the system.
3
Click Execute. The Restore dialog appears.
4
Enter the password if prompted. The password will be the one set when the backup file was created.
Please wait as the saved settings are restored to the AirStation. When settings are restored, all values (e.g. IP address,
wireless encryption key, login, etc.) are changed to the ones saved in the backup file.
Note: The AirStation will not be able to restore settings if the backup file was created with a different version of the
AirStation firmware or a different product.
Replacing the AirStation
If an AirStation is no longer functional, you can replace it with another unit of the same model and use a saved backup
file to automatically populate settings on the new unit. The firmware on the new unit must be the same version as the
old unit when the backup file was created. If need be, downgrade the current firmware version to the previous one
before using the backup file.
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Setting Up WebAccess
WebAccess is a cloud service provided by Buffalo that allows you to access your NAS remotely over the Internet. You can
share content with everyone or with specified users. You can set up WebAccess through the settings page of your NAS,
or enable the service on your AirStation.
If you have a BuffaloNAS.com account, you can use its login to use WebAccess. You can also use your DDNS hostname or
an external IP address along with the port used for WebAccess.
WebAccess Settings
1
Make sure the NAS is connected and available, and that the AirStation is powered on and connected.
2
Open the AirStation’s Settings page and navigate to Security - UPnP.
3
Enable UPnP and click Apply.
4
Navigate to Applications - Disk Management.
5
Click Setting Changes.
6
Check WebAccess Access Restrictions and click Save.
7
If you need to create a new user for WebAccess, create one on the Disk Management page, under Add User.
8
Click Applications > WebAccess.
9
Check “Enable” for WebAccess.
10Leave the WebAccess External Port option as “Auto” so that UPnP will automatically configure a port for you.
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11Select the DNS Service Hostname used to access the service. If you have a BuffaloNAS.com account, select Use
BuffaloNAS.com Registration and enter your BuffaloNAS.com username and password. You can also use an existing
hostname, such as your dynamic DNS hostname.
12Click Apply at the bottom of the page.
Connecting Wireless Devices Using AOSS
You can use the physical AOSS button on your AirStation to easily connect wireless devices that support AOSS or WPS.
Consult your wireless device’s documentation for the location of its AOSS or WPS button.
If you already have a wireless network that was configured without using AOSS or WPS, connecting a new device with
AOSS will change its settings, disconnecting any previously connected wireless devices.
Pushbutton Method
Easily connect other wireless devices using the physical AOSS button.
1
Power on the AirStation.
2
Hold the physical AOSS button down for two seconds, then release it.
3
4
For the next 2 minutes, the AOSS LED will flash and the AirStation will automatically search for a nearby AOSS/WPS
device. The AirStation will automatically return to normal if a device isn’t found after 2 minutes.
Push the AOSS/WPS button on the wireless device. It should be automatically connected within 2 minutes.
You can repeat this for all AOSS/WPS devices you are attempt to connect with. If setup doesn’t work, open the
AirStation’s Settings page and ensure that the AOSS physical button is enabled.
Setting Up a VPN Server
You can configure a PPTP (VPN) server with either a dynamic DNS hostname or a static IP address.
Currently the AirStation supports both DynDNS and TZO. If you have a DynDNS or TZO account, you can enter the login
and hostname information under Internet - Dynamic DNS.
PPTP Settings on the AirStation
Your computer should be directly connected to the AirStation.
1
Open the AirStation’s Settings page and navigate to Internet - PPTP.
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2
Enable PPTP Server.
3
Select the VPN authentication type. If you are unsure which one to use, leave it on the default selection.
4
5
You can leave the Client IP Address on Auto. If client computers are within a specific IP address range, click Manual
and enter the range into the field.
You can leave the client IP address on “Auto”. If client computers are within a specific IP address range, click Manual
and enter the range into the field.
6
If you have a WINS server on the network, you can enter its IP address into the field.
7
Leave the MTU value on its default setting.
Editing Users
You can create and edit users that will access your PPTP server.
1
Click Edit PPTP User List to open the Edit Users page.
2
Enter a username and password for a new user.
3
Select a “Method of Acquiring IP Address”.
4
Click Add.
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The user will appear under the PPTP User List section. You can click Edit to modify the user or click Delete to remove the
entry.
Using AirStations with 2Wire Residential Gateways
AT&T Internet services (U-verse or ADSL) will often assign a 2Wire residential gateway device that serves as both the
modem and the router. To add an AirStation to this network, it is best to add the unit as a client device. This way the
AirStation will not conflict with the existing residential gateway settings such as the firewall or port forwarding.
If you would like to set the 2Wire access point as the client device, or you need more information on its settings, contact
AT&T technical support.
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How to Use QoS
QoS (quality of service) is a feature that allows the AirStation to prioritize traffic by type. QoS applies to both upstream
and downstream data flow, and ensures consistent performance when using certain high-traffic applications, such as
video streaming.
The higher the priority, the higher the allocated bandwidth will be. For example, if Video is selected, streaming video will
be given the highest bandwidth priority.
Setting a QoS Priority Policy
When setting a custom policy, select the type of traffic to be given the highest priority and lower the priority of other
traffic types accordingly.
1
Open the AirStation’s Settings page.
2
Navigate to the Applications - QoS.
3
Enable Priority Control QoS.
4
5
6
Choose an Optimize for selection.
Video: Prioritizes streaming video traffic.
Voice: Prioritizes voice chats and VoIP traffic.
Gaming: Prioritizes online gaming traffic.
Manual: Select this option to customize QoS priority for a selected operation.
To set a manual policy, select the operation to be prioritized and lower the priority for others. For example, if
you set Video as Ultra Premium - High Bandwidth, the bandwidth priority of other operations should be lowered
accordingly.
Click Apply.
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Manual Entry
Click Manual Entry to open the manual entry page, where you can create custom QoS priority settings for individual
applications.
1
Enter a name for the new manual entry.
2
Select a value from the dropdown menu to define the priority level for incoming packets.
3
4
5
Select a protocol for the application’s incoming packets. For example, most VoIP and multimedia applications use
UDP, while the Internet and emails use TCP.
Set the WAN-side server and port number under “Remote Settings”.
If you need to use a specific port, most network applications and services will have their required protocols and
ports listed in their documentation.
6
Enter the IP address or MAC address of the network device for QoS priority.
7
Click Add.
Once an entry has been saved, you can click Edit to change it or Delete to remove the entry. Click Delete All to remove all
saved entries.
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How to configure TCP/IP
Windows 8
To configure TCP/IP in Windows 8, follow the procedure below.
1
Open Control Panel.
2
Click Network and Internet.
3
Click Network and Sharing Center.
4
Click Change Adapter Settings on the left side menu.
5
Right-click the network adapter, then click Properties.
6
If the User Account Control screen opens, click Yes or Continue.
7
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click Properties.
8
9
To have DHCP set your IP address settings automatically, check “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain
DNS server address automatically”.
Alternately, you can configure the settings manually. Example:
If the router’s IP address is 192.168.11.1,
IP address: 192.168.11.80
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.11.1
Preferred DNS server: 192.168.11.1
Alternate DNS server: blank
Click OK.
Windows 7
To configure TCP/IP in Windows 7, follow the procedure below.
1
Open Control Panel.
2
Click Network and Sharing Center.
3
Click Change Adapter Settings on the left side menu.
4
Right-click the network adapter, then click Properties.
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5
If the “User Account Control” screen opens, click Yes or Continue.
6
Select “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)” then click Properties.
7
8
To have DHCP set your IP address settings automatically, check “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain
DNS server address automatically”.
Alternately, you can configure the settings manually. Example:
If the router’s IP address is 192.168.11.1,
IP address: 192.168.11.80
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.11.1
Preferred DNS server: 192.168.11.1
Alternate DNS server: blank
Click OK.
Windows Vista
To configure TCP/IP in Windows Vista, follow the procedure below.
1
Open Control Panel.
2
Click Network and Sharing Center.
3
Click Manage network connections on the left side menu.
4
Right-click the network adapter, then click Properties.
5
If the “User Account Control” screen opens, click Yes or Continue.
6
Select “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)” then click Properties.
7
8
To have DHCP set your IP address settings automatically, check “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain
DNS server address automatically”.
Alternately, you can configure the settings manually. Example:
If the router’s IP address is 192.168.11.1,
IP address: 192.168.11.80
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.11.1
Preferred DNS server: 192.168.11.1
Alternate DNS server: blank
Click OK.
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Windows XP
To configure TCP/IP in Windows XP, follow the procedure below.
1
Open Control Panel.
2
Double-click Network.
3
Right-click the network adapter, then click Properties.
4
Select “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” then click Properties.
5
6
To have DHCP set your IP address settings automatically, check “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain
DNS server address automatically”.
Alternately, you can configure the settings manually. Example:
If the router’s IP address is 192.168.11.1,
IP address: 192.168.11.80
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.11.1
Preferred DNS server: 192.168.11.1
Alternate DNS server: blank
Click OK.
Mac OS
To configure TCP/IP in Mac OS, follow the procedure below.
1
Click Apple menu > System Preferences….
2
Click Network.
3
Click the network adapter.
4
5
To have DHCP set your IP address settings automatically, select “Using DHCP” in the “Configure IPv4” field.
Alternately, you can configure the settings manually. Example:
If the router’s IP address is 192.168.11.1,
IP address: 192.168.11.80
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Router: 192.168.11.1
DNS server: 192.168.11.1
Click Apply.
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