BUNN
®
VP17A
OPERATING & SERVICE MANUAL
BUNN-O-MATIC CORPORATION
POST OFFICE BOX 3227
SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS 62708-3227
PHONE: (217) 529-6601 FAX: (217) 529-6644
10860.0001C 9/00 ©1997 Bunn-O-Matic Corporation
INTRODUCTION
This equipment will brew a half-gallon batch of coffee into an awaiting dispenser. It is only for indoor use on
a sturdy counter or shelf.
WARRANTY
Bunn-O-Matic Corp. (“Bunn”) warrants the equipment manufactured by it to be commercially free from defects
in material and workmanship existing at the time of manufacture and appearing within one year from the date of
installation. In addition:
1.) Bunn warrants electronic circuit and/or control boards to be commercially free from defects in material and
workmanship for two years from the date of installation.
2.) Bunn warrants the compressor on refrigeration equipment to be commercially free from defects in material
and workmanship for two years from the date of installation.
3.) Bunn warrants that the grinding burrs on coffee grinding equipment will grind coffee to meet original factory
screen sieve analysis for three years from date of installation or for 30,000 pounds of coffee, whichever comes first.
This warranty does not apply to any equipment, component or part that was not manufactured by Bunn or that,
in Bunn’s judgement, has been affected by misuse, neglect, alteration, improper installation or operation, improper
maintenance or repair, damage or casualty.
THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND IS IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY, WRITTEN OR
ORAL, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF EITHER
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. The agents, dealers or employees of Bunn are
not authorized to make modifications to this warranty or to make additional warranties that are binding on Bunn.
Accordingly, statements by such individuals, whether oral or written, do not constitute warranties and should not
be relied upon.
The Buyer shall give Bunn prompt notice of any claim to be made under this warranty by telephone at (217)
529-6601 or by writing to Post Office Box 3227, Springfield, Illinois, 62708-3227. If requested by Bunn, the Buyer
shall ship the defective equipment prepaid to an authorized Bunn service location. If Bunn determines, in its sole
discretion, that the equipment does not conform to the warranty, Bunn shall repair the equipment with no charge
for parts during the warranty period and no charge for labor by a Bunn Authorized Service Representative during
the warranty period. If Bunn determines that repair is not feasible, Bunn shall, at its sole option, replace the
equipment or refund the purchase price for the equipment.
THE BUYER’S REMEDY AGAINST BUNN FOR THE BREACH OF ANY OBLIGATION ARISING OUT OF THE SALE
OF THIS EQUIPMENT, WHETHER DERIVED FROM WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE, SHALL BE LIMITED, AS
SPECIFIED HEREIN, TO REPAIR OR, AT BUNN’S SOLE OPTION, REPLACEMENT OR REFUND.
In no event shall Bunn be liable for any other damage or loss, including, but not limited to, lost profits, lost sales,
loss of use of equipment, claims of Buyer’s customers, cost of capital, cost of down time, cost of substitute
equipment, facilities or services, or any other special, incidental or consequential damages.
USER NOTICES
Carefully read and follow all notices in this manual and on the equipment. All labels on the equipment should
be kept in good condition. Replace any unreadable or damaged labels.
# 12364.0000
# 00833.0000
Page 2
10860.1 091300
USER NOTICES (cont.)
# 00658.0000
#00831.0000
# 02763.0000
Page 3
10860.1 091300
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
CAUTION - The brewer must be disconnected from the power source until specified in Initial Set-Up.
The brewer requires 2-wire, grounded service rated 220 - 240 volts ac, 20 amp,
single phase, 50 Hz. An all pole disconnect means must be incorporated in the fixed
wiring according to local wiring regulations. Proceed as follows:
ELECTRICAL HOOK-UP
CAUTION – Improper electrical installation will damage electronic components.
1. An electrician must provide electrical service as specified.
2. Using a voltmeter, check the voltage and color coding of each conductor at the electrical source.
3. Remove the front panel beneath the sprayhead.
4. Feed the cord through the strain relief and connect it to the terminal block.
5. Connect the brewer to the power source and verify the voltage at the terminal block before proceeding. Replace
the front panel.
INITIAL SET-UP
CAUTION - The brewer must be disconnected from the power source throughout the initial set-up, except when
specified in the instructions.
1. Insert an empty funnel into the funnel rails.
2. Place an empty dispenser under the funnel.
3. Pour three pitchers of tap water into the screened area on top of the brewer. Allow approximately two minutes
between pitchers for water to flow into the tank. While the third pitcher of water is entering the tank, the tank
will fill to capacity and the excess will flow from the sprayhead, out of the funnel, and into the dispenser.
4. Connect the brewer to the power source.
5. When the flow of water from the funnel stops, wait approximately twenty minutes for the water in the tank to
heat to the proper temperature. Some water will drip from the funnel during this time; this is due to expansion
and should not occur thereafter.
6. Empty the dispenser and pour one pitcher of tap water into the screened area on top of the brewer.
7. After water has stopped flowing from the funnel, let the water in the tank reheat to the proper temperature.
8. Empty the dispenser. The brewer is now ready for use in accordance with the coffee brewing instructions below.
COFFEE BREWING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Insert a BUNN® filter into the funnel.
Pour the fresh coffee into the filter and level the bed of grounds by gently shaking.
Slide the funnel into the funnel rails.
Place an empty dispenser beneath the funnel.
Pour one pitcher of tap water into the screened area on top of the brewer.
When brewing is completed, simply discard the grounds and filter.
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10860.1 071598
CLEANING
1. The use of a damp cloth rinsed in any mild, non-abrasive, liquid detergent is recommended for cleaning all
surfaces on Bunn-O-Matic equipment.
2. Check and clean the sprayhead. The sprayhead holes must always remain open.
3. With the sprayhead removed, insert the deliming spring (provided) all the way into the sprayhead tube. When
inserted properly, no more than two inches of spring should be visible. Saw back and forth five or six times.
NOTE – In hard water areas, this may need to be done daily. It will help prevent liming problems in the brewer and
takes less than a minute.
Page 5
10860.1 071598
TROUBLESHOOTING
A troubleshooting guide is provided to suggest probable causes and remedies for the most likely problems
encountered. If the problem remains after exhausting the troubleshooting steps, contact the Bunn-O-Matic
Technical Service Department.
•
•
Inspection, testing, and repair of electrical equipment should be performed only by qualified service personnel.
This brewer is heated at all times. Keep away from combustibles.
WARNING – •
•
•
•
Exercise extreme caution when servicing electrical equipment.
Unplug the brewer when servicing, except when electrical tests are specified.
Follow recommended service procedures
Replace all protective shields or safety notices
PROBLEM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Brew cycle will not start
1. No water
Check fill basin for obstructions.
Water is not hot
1.Thermal Cut-Off
CAUTION - Do not eliminate or
bypass thermal cut-offs.
Refer to Service - Thermal Cut-Off
for testing procedures. See page
13
2. Control Thermostat
Refer to Service - Control Thermostat for testing procedures. See
page 10
3. Tank Heater
Refer to Service - Tank Heater for
testing procedures. See page 12
1. Syphon System
The brewer must be level or slightly
lower in front to syphon properly.
2. Lime Build-up
CAUTION - Tank and tank components should be delimed regularly
depending on local water conditions. Excessive mineral build-up
on stainless steel surfaces can initiate corrosive reactions resulting
in serious leaks.
Inspect the tank assembly for excessive lime deposits. Delime as
required.
Inconsistent beverage level in dispenser
Page 6
10860.1 091300
TROUBLESHOOTING (cont.)
PROBLEM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Spitting or excessive steaming
1. Lime Build-up
CAUTION - Tank and tank components should be delimed regularly
depending on local water conditions. Excessive mineral build-up
on stainless steel surfaces can initiate corrosive reactions resulting
in serious leaks.
Inspect tank assembly for excessive lime deposits. Delime as required.
2. Control Thermostat
Refer to Service - Control Thermostat for testing procedures. See
page 10
1. Syphon System
The brewer must be level or slightly
lower in front to syphon properly.
2. Lime Build-up
CAUTION - Tank and tank components should be delimed regularly
depending on local water conditions. Excessive mineral build-up
on stainless steel surfaces can initiate corrosive reactions resulting
in serious leaks.
Inspect the tank assembly for excessive lime deposits. Delime as
required.
1. Dispenser
The dispenser must be completely
empty before starting a brew cycle.
1. Filter Type
BUNN® paper filters must be used
for proper extraction.
2. Coffee Grind
A fine or drip grind must be used
for proper extraction.
3. Sprayhead
A six-hole stainless steel sprayhead must be used for proper
extraction.
Dripping from sprayhead
Beverage overflows dispenser
Weak beverage
Page 7
10860.1 091300
TROUBLESHOOTING (cont.)
PROBLEM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Weak beverage (cont.)
4. Funnel Loading
The BUNN® paper filter must be
centered in the funnel and the bed
of grounds leveled by gentle shaking.
5. Water Temperature
Place an empty funnel on an empty
dispenser beneath the sprayhead.
Initiate a brew cycle and check the
water temperature immediately below the sprayhead with a thermometer. The reading should not
be less than 195°F (91˚C). Adjust
the control thermostat to increase
the water temperature. Replace if
necessary.
Dry coffee grounds remain in the
funnel
1. Funnel Loading
The BUNN® paper filter must be
centered in the funnel and the bed
of grounds leveled by gently shaking.
Brewer is making unusal noises
1. Tank Heater
Remove and clean lime off the
tank heater. See page 12
Cool beverage serving temperature
1. ON/OFF Warmer Switch(s)
Refer to Service - ON/OFF Warmer
Switch for testing procedures. See
page 11
2. Warmer Element(s)
Refer to Service - Warmer Element for testing procedures. See
page 14
Page 8
10860.1 091300
Contents
SERVICE
This section provides procedures for testing and
replacing various major components used in this
brewer should service become necessary. Refer to
Troubleshooting for assistance in determining the
cause of any problem.
WARNING - Inspection, testing, and repair of electrical equipment should be performed only by qualified
service personnel. The brewer should be unplugged
when servicing, except when electrical tests are required and the test procedure specifically states to
plug-in the brewer.
Control Thermostat ............................................. 10
ON/OFF Warmer Switch ...................................... 11
Tank Heater ....................................................... 12
Thermal Cut-Offs ................................................ 13
Warmer Elements ............................................... 14
Wiring Diagrams ................................................. 15
COMPONENT ACCESS
WARNING - Disconnect the brewer from the power
source before the removal of any panel or the replacement of any component.
All components are accessible by the removal of
the top cover, front inspection panel and warmer
assemblies.
The top cover is attached with one #4-40 screw.
The front inspection panel is attached with four #632 screws.
FIG. 1 COMPONENT ACCESS
Page 9
P1264
10860.1 091300
SERVICE (cont.)
7. Voltage must not be present when the thermostat
is turned to the "OFF" position.
CONTROL THERMOSTAT
If voltage is present as described, reinstall the capillary
tube into the tank to the line 4.5" above the bulb, the
control thermostat is operating properly.
If voltage is not present as described, replace the
thermostat.
FIG. 2 CONTROL THERMOSTAT
P1262
Location:
The control thermostat is located inside the trunk
on the upper left side of the component bracket.
Test Procedures:
1. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
2. With a voltmeter, check the voltage across the blue
wire on the control thermostat and red insert on
terminal block. Connect the brewer to the power
source. The indication must be 220 to 240 volts.
3. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
Removal and Replacement:
1. Remove wires from control thermostat.
2. Remove the thermostat capillary bulb by firmly
pulling up on the capillary at the tank lid. This will
disengage the grommet from the tank lid.
3. Remove the one #8-32 screw securing the control
thermostat to the component bracket inside the
trunk.
4. Slide the grommet to the line 4.5" above the bulb
on the new capillary tube.
5. Insert the capillary bulb through the hole in the
tank lid and press the grommet firmly and evenly
so that the groove in the grommet fits into the tank
lid.
6. Carefully bend the capillary tube so that the tube
and bulb inside the tank are in the vertical position.
NOTE - The capillary tube must be clear of any electrical termination and not kinked.
7. Using one #8-32 screw secure the control thermostat to the component bracket inside the trunk.
8. Refer to Fig. 3 when reconnecting the wires.
9. Adjust the control thermostat as required.
If voltage is present as described, proceed to #4.
If voltage is not present as described, refer to the
Wiring Diagrams and check the brewer wiring harness.
4. Gently remove the capillary bulb and grommet
from the tank.
5. With a voltmeter, check the voltage across the
black wire of the control thermostat and the red
insert on the terminal block, when the control
thermostat is turned "ON" (Fully clockwise). Connect the brewer to the power source. The indication must be 220 to 240 volts ac.
6. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
Page 10
BLK or RED to Thermal Cut-Off
BLU to Terminal Block/Tank
Heater Switch
P1263
FIG. 3 CONTROL THERMOSTAT TERMINALS
10860.1 091300
SERVICE (cont.)
If voltage is present as described, reconnect the red
wire and proceed to #5.
If voltage is not present as described, refer to the
Wiring Diagrams and check the brewer wiring harness.
ON/OFF WARMER SWITCH
5. With the black wire removed, remove the wire
from the lower terminal.
6. Check for continuity across the center and lower
terminal with the switch in the "ON" (upper) position. Continuity must not be present when the
switch is in the "OFF" (lower) position.
ONE WARMER
If continuity is present as described, reconnect the
black wire to the center terminal and the remaining
wire to the lower terminal.
If continuity is not present as described, replace the
switch.
Removal and Replacement:
1. Remove the wires from the switch terminals.
2. Remove front end cap.
3. Compress the clips inside the hood and gently
push the switch through the opening.
4. Push the new switch into the opening and spread
the clips to hold switch in the hood.
5. Reinstall front end cap.
6. Refer to Fig. 5 when reconnecting the wires.
TWO WARMERS
THREE WARMERS
FIG. 4 ON/OFF WARMER SWITCH
P1166.45
RED to Terminal Block
(Red Insert)
Location:
The ON/OFF warmer switch(s) are located on the
front of the hood.
Test Procedure:
1. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
2. Viewing the switch from the back, remove the red
wire from the upper terminal and the black wire
from the center terminal.
3. With a voltmeter, check the voltage across the red
wire and the black wire. Connect the brewer to the
power source. The indication must be 220 to 240
volts ac.
4. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
BLK to Terminal Block
(Black Insert)
Terminal #1 (See Chart
Below)
Connect wire to Terminal #1 as follows:
Lower Warmer .................................................. WHI/RED
Rear Warmer ............................................................. VIO
Front Warmer ................................................... BRN/BLK
Page 11
P1918
FIG. 5 ON/OFF WARMER SWITCH TERMINALS
10860.1 091300
SERVICE (cont.)
TANK HEATER
FIG. 6 TANK HEATER
P1262
Location:
The tank heater is located inside the tank and
secured to the tank lid.
Test Procedures:
1. Disconnect the brewer from the power supply.
2. With a voltmeter, check the voltage across the
black and red wire. Connect the brew to the power
source. The indication must be 220 to 240 volts
ac.
3. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
If voltage is present as described, proceed to #4
If voltage is not present as described, refer to the
Wiring Diagrams and check wiring harness.
4. Disconnect the thermal cut-offs from the tank
heater terminals.
5. Check for continuity across the tank heater terminals.
If continuity is present as described, reconnect the
thermal cut-offs, the tank heater is operating properly.
If continuity is not present as described, replace the
tank heater.
NOTE- If the tank heater remains unable to heat,
remove and inspect heater for cracks in the sheath.
4. Remove sprayhead and the hex nut securing the
sprayhead tube to the hood. Set aside for reassembly.
5. Remove the eight #8-32 nuts securing the tank lid
to the tank.
6. Remove the tank lid with sprayhead tube and tank
heater.
7 Remove the two hex nuts securing the tank heater
to the tank lid. Remove tank heater with gaskets
and discard.
8. Install new tank heater with gaskets on the tank lid
and secure with two hex nuts.
9. Install tank lid with sprayhead tube and tank heater
using eight #8-32 hex nut.
10. Secure sprayhead tube to hood using a hex nut.
11. Install sprayhead.
12. Reconnect the thermal cut-offs to the tank heater
terminals.
13. Slide the grommet to the line 4.5" above the
capillary bulb.
14. Insert the capillary bulb through the hole in the
tank lid and press the grommet firmly and evenly
so that the groove in the grommet fits into the tank
lid.
15. Carefully bend the capillary tube so that the tube
and bulb inside the tank are in the vertical position.
NOTE - The capillary tube must be clear of any electrical termination and not kinked.
16. Install fill basin, secure with tank inlet fitting and
gasket.
17. Refer to Fig.7 when reconnecting the tank heater
wires.
Thermal Cut-Off & WHI
Lead from Tank
Warmer Blanket
Removal and Replacement:
1. Remove the tank inlet fitting securing the fill basin
to the tank lid, remove fill basin and tank inlet
gasket. Set all three parts aside for reassembly.
2. Disconnect the thermal cut-off with blanket warmer
lead (white) and thermal cut-off with ready light
harness lead (black) from the tank heater terminals.
3. Remove the thermostat capillary bulb by firmly
pulling up on the capillary at the tank lid. This will
disengage the grommet from the tank lid.
Page 12
Thermal Cut-Off & BLK
Lead on Ready Light
Harness
FIG. 7 TANK HEATER TERMINALS
P1163
10860.1 071598
SERVICE (cont.)
Removal and Replacement:
1. Disconnect the thermal cut-off from the terminal
on the black lead from ready light harness and the
black lead from the control thermostat or the tank
heater terminal and the red lead from the main
harness.
2. Remove the white lead from the tank "keep warm"
heater from the thermal cut-off terminal.
3. Install new thermal cut-off.
4. Refer to Fig. 9 when reconnecting wires.
THERMAL CUT-OFFS
BLK Lead
BLK Lead from
Control Thermostat
FIG. 8 THERMAL CUT-OFFS
Thermal Cut-Off
P1262
Thermal Cut-Off
Location:
The thermal cut-offs are located inside the hood
connected to the tank heater terminals.
RED Lead from
Main Harness
Test Procedures:
1. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
2. Disconnect the thermal cut-off from the terminal
on the black lead of the ready light wiring harness.
3. With an ohmmeter, check for continuity across the
thermal cut-off terminals.
WHI from "Keep Warm"
Heater
BLK Lead from
Ready Light
Harness
Tank Heater Terminals
FIG.9 THERMAL CUT-OFF TERMINALS
P1389
If continuity is present as described, the thermal cutoff is operating properly.
If continuity is not present as described, replace the
thermal cut-off.
4. Disconnect the thermal cut-off from the tank heater
termnal and the red lead from the main wiring
harness.
5. Check for continuity across the thermal cut-off
terminals.
If continuity is present as described, the thermal cutoff is operating properly.
If continuity is not present as described, replace the
thermal cut-off.
Page 13
10860.1 071598
SERVICE (cont.)
WARMER ELEMENT(S)
wire, and red/white, brown/black or violet wires on the
warmer element.
If continuity is not present as described, replace the
warmer element.
Removal and Replacement:
1. Remove the three #4-40 screws securing the
warmer assembly to the brewer.
2. Lift the warmer assembly from the brewer.
3. Disconnect the two wires from the warmer element terminals.
4. Remove the two #8-32 nuts securing the warmer
element to the warmer plate.
5. Securly install new warmer element.
6. Reconnect the two wires to the warmer element
terminals.
7. Securly install warmer assembly on the brewer.
8. Refer to Fig. 11 when reconnecting the wires.
FIG. 10 WARMER ELEMENTS
P1164
Location:
The warmer element(s) is located under the
warmer plate.
Test Procedures:
1. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
2. With a voltmeter, check voltage across the red wire
to the terminal block and white/red, brown/black
or violet wire to the "ON/OFF" switch, with the "ON/
OFF" switch in the "ON" (upper) position. Connect
the brewer to the power source. The indication
must be 220 to 240 volts ac
3. Disconnect the brewer from the power source.
If voltage is present as described, proceed to #4.
If voltage is not present as described, refer to wiring
diagrams and check brewer wiring harness.
WHI/RED to ON/OFF Switch
BRN/BLK to ON/OFF Switch
VIO to ON/OFF Switch
RED to Terminal Block
P1167
FIG. 11 WARMER ELEMENT TERMINALS
4. Remove the three #4-40 screws securing the
warmer assembly to the brewer.
5. Lift the warmer assembly from the brewer.
6. Disconnect the two wires from the warmer element terminals.
7. Check the continuity across the two terminals on
the warmer element.
If continuity is present as described, reconnect the red
Page 14
10860.1 091300
Page 15
10860.1 091300
Page 16
10860.1 091300
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10860.1 091300