Siemens ISGS Operator`s manual

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ISGS TM
Intelligent SwitchGear System
Operator’s Manual–firmware version V3
Manual No. SG8158-00
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IMPORTANT
The information contained herein is general in nature and not intended for
specific application purposes. It does not relieve the user of responsibility to
use sound practices in application, installation, operation, and maintenance
of the equipment purchased. Siemens reserves the right to make changes
at any time without notice or obligations. Should a conflict arise between the
general information contained in this publication and the contents of drawings or supplementary material, or both, the latter shall take precedence.
QUALIFIED PERSON
For the purposes of this manual, a qualified person is one who is familiar
with the installation, construction, or operation of the equipment and the
hazards involved. In addition, this person has the following qualifications:
(a) is trained and authorized to de-energize, clear, ground, and tag circuits and equipment in accordance with established safety practices.
(b) is trained in the proper care and use of protective equipment such as
rubber gloves, hard hat, safety glasses or face shields, flash
clothing, etc. in accordance with established safety procedures.
(c) is trained in rendering first aid.
NOTE
These instructions do not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment, nor to provide for every possible
contingency to be met in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance. Should further information be
desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered sufficiently for the purchaser’s purposes, the
matter should be referred to the local sales office.
The contents of the instruction manual shall not become part of or modify any prior or existing agreement, commitment or relationship. The sales contract contains the entire obligation of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
The warranty contained in the contract between parties is the sole warranty of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Any statements contained herein do not create new warranties or modify the existing warranty.
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Table
of
Contents
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Introduction
1
Installation
2
User Interface
3
Hardware Configuration
4
Protective Function Configuration
5
Control & Communications
6
Data Acquisition
7
ISGS Wisdom Software
8
Trip Curves & Equations
A
Metering
B
Menu Structure
C
Acceptance Test Procedures
D
Schematics
E
Settings Worksheet
S
Glossary
G
Index
I
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Table of Contents
1
2
Introduction ...............................................1
Phase Time Overcurrent (51)...........................23
5.7
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) ......................23
Product Description .......................................... 2
5.8
1.3.1
1.3.2
Blocking Capability for Breaker or
Interrupter Saving............................................24
5.9
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67).........24
About this Manual ............................................. 1
1.2
Safety ................................................................ 1
1.3
Wisdom Software.............................................. 3
1.5
Technical Specifications ................................... 4
5.10 Directional Neutral or Ground Time
Overcurrent (67N)............................................25
5.11 Overvoltage (59) ..............................................26
Installation .................................................5
5.12 Undervoltage (27)............................................26
5.13 Phase Sequence Voltage (47) .........................27
2.1
Unpacking......................................................... 5
2.2
Storing............................................................... 5
2.3
Mounting ........................................................... 5
2.4
Wiring ................................................................ 6
2.5
Communications............................................... 8
5.17 Breaker Failure (50BF).....................................28
2.5.1
2.5.2
5.19 Power Setpoints..............................................30
5.14 Negative Sequence Voltage (47N) ..................27
5.15 Overfrequency (81O) .......................................28
5.16 Underfrequency (81U) .....................................28
5.18 Demand Setpoints ..........................................29
PC Communications (RS-232) .............. 8
Network Communications (RS-485) ..... 8
Cradle Assembly ............................................... 8
Removing .............................................. 8
Inserting ................................................ 8
6
User Interface............................................9
Control & Communications ................... 31
6.1
Matrixing Events to Outputs ...........................31
6.2
Binary Inputs ...................................................33
6.3
Binary Outputs ................................................33
Keypad.............................................................. 9
6.4
Trip Contacts...................................................34
Indicators .......................................................... 9
6.5
Comm Events..................................................34
3.2.1
3.2.2
LEDs...................................................... 9
LCD ..................................................... 10
6.6
Breaker Monitoring..........................................34
6.7
Logs and Breaker Monitor Reset ....................35
3.3
Password Protection....................................... 10
6.8
Breaker Operations Count ..............................36
3.4
Menu ............................................................... 11
6.9
Hardware Status (Relay Data) .........................36
3.5
Standard Operating Procedures ..................... 11
6.10 Self-Monitoring (Value Supervision) ................37
Hardware Configuration .........................15
6.11 Parameter Sets ...............................................39
3.1
3.2
4.1
6.11.1
6.11.2
6.11.3
6.11.4
Startup ............................................................ 15
4.1.1
4.1.2
5
Standard Configuration......................... 2
Optional Configurations ........................ 3
1.4
2.6.1
2.6.2
4
Protective Function Configuration (cont.)
5.6
1.1
2.6
3
5
Power On Display................................ 15
Power On Meter Display ..................... 15
4.2
Device Configuration ...................................... 16
4.3
Setting Binary Input Voltages.......................... 16
4.4
CT Configuration............................................. 18
4.5
VT Configuration ............................................. 18
Protective Function Configuration ........21
5.1
Overview ......................................................... 21
5.2
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50)............ 21
5.3
High-Set Instantaneous Phase
Overcurrent (50HS) ......................................... 22
5.4
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50N)............................................ 22
5.5
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or
Ground Overcurrent (50HSN).......................... 22
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Active Set ............................................40
Default Set...........................................40
Switching Sets ....................................40
Copying Sets.......................................40
6.12 Communications Port .....................................41
6.13 Passwords.......................................................41
6.14 Date and Time Setting ....................................41
7
Data Acquisition ..................................... 43
7.1
Event Log ........................................................43
7.2
Trip Logs .........................................................43
7.3
Min/Max Logs .................................................44
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
Current Minimum/Maximum Log ........44
Voltage Minimum/Maximum Log ........45
Power Minimum/Maximum Log ..........45
Frequency Minimum/Maximum Log ...45
i
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Table of Contents
7
Data Acquisition (cont.)
7.4
Metered Data ..................................................46
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
8
Current Values .....................................46
Voltage Values .....................................46
Power Values.......................................46
Frequency Values ................................46
7.5
Meter Display ..................................................47
7.6
Waveform Capture ..........................................47
ISGS Wisdom Software ..........................49
B Metering .................................................. 58
B.1 Accuracy ..........................................................58
B.2 Power Conventions..........................................59
C Menu Structure....................................... 60
D Acceptance Test Procedures ................ 63
E Schematics ............................................. 79
E.1 DC Trip System ................................................79
E.2 AC (Capacitor) Trip Systems ............................80
8.1
Overview .........................................................49
8.2
Setup...............................................................49
Settings Worksheet
8.3
Menus .............................................................49
8.4
Demo Mode ....................................................51
Glossary
A Trip Curves & Equations.........................53
A.1 Instantaneous Curve ........................................53
Index
Service Request Form
A.2 Standard Time Overcurrent Equation ..............53
A.3 Definite Inverse Equation .................................55
A.4 I-Squared-T Curve ...........................................56
A.5 Custom Protective Curve.................................56
A.6 Over/Undervoltage Curves ..............................56
ACCESS, CBPM, ISGS, SEAbus, WinPM, and Wisdom are trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc. SIEMENS is a registered trademark of Siemens AG. All other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective companies.
ii
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Introduction
1 Introduction
1.2 Safety
The Intelligent SwitchGear System (ISGS™) from Siemens is
a high-speed, numerical, microprocessor-based protective
relay designed to be easily incorporated into a computermonitored medium voltage power system. The relay is
designed and manufactured in accordance with the latest
provisions of the applicable IEEE, ANSI, and NEMA standards. You must thoroughly read and understand this operator’s manual before you begin any work with the ISGS relay.
Successful application and operation of this equipment
depends as much upon proper installation and maintenance
by the user as it does upon the careful design and fabrication
by Siemens.
1.1 About this Manual
The purpose of this manual is to assist the operator in developing safe and efficient procedures for the installation, maintenance, and use of the equipment.
This manual provides the necessary information to safely
install, operate, configure, maintain, and troubleshoot the
ISGS relay. In addition, the manual offers worksheets for
parameter settings, acceptance test procedures, and troubleshooting. For quick reference, a complete menu structure,
metering accuracies, trip curves, equations, and schematics
are included in the appendix.
Contact the nearest Siemens representative if any additional
information is desired.
Qualified Person
For the purpose of this manual and product labels, a Qualified Person is one who is familiar with the installation, construction, and operation of this equipment, and the hazards
involved. In addition, this person has the following qualifications.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
•
Training and authorization to energize, de-energize,
clear, ground, and tag circuits and equipment in accordance with established safety practices
•
Training in the proper care and use of protective equipment such as rubber gloves, hard hat, safety glasses or
face shields, flash clothing, etc., in accordance with
established safety procedures
•
Training in rendering first aid
1
11
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1
Introduction
Signal Words
The signal words Danger, Warning, and Caution used in
this manual indicate the degree of hazard that the user or
operator can encounter. These words are defined as follows:
•
•
•
Danger - indicates an imminently hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury
ISGS
Warning - indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
injury
System
Pickup
Trip
Caution - indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in moderate or minor
injury
Target
Reset
Pass
word
Direct
Addr
7
8
9
Target
Reset
Trip
Log
4
5
6
1
2
3
0
-/+
Pass
word
∞
Enter
Yes
No
Required Procedures
In addition to normal safety practices, user personnel must
adhere to the following procedures:
1.
F
Always work on de-energized equipment. Always deenergize a breaker or contactor, and remove it from the
equipment before performing any tests, maintenance, or
repair.
2.
Always perform maintenance on equipment employing
springs after the spring-charged mechanisms are discharged.
3.
Always let an interlock device or safety mechanism perform its function without forcing or defeating the device.
Field Service Operation
Siemens can provide competent, well-trained Field Service
Representatives to provide technical guidance and advisory
assistance for the installation, overhaul, repair, and maintenance of Siemens equipment, processes, and systems.
Contact regional service centers, sales offices, or the factory
for details.
Data Port
RL
ISGS
Cat# C552-100V-5D0-000
VPSn 120VAC/250VDC
IPH
5A
IC 5A
Ser# Beta05HW15W2.XX
Figure 1.1 Intelligent SwitchGear System (ISGS) Relay
•
Nine selectable time overcurrent curves and one custom
curve
•
Breaker Failure (50BF) protection
•
Phase and neutral current as well as average current
metering
1.3 Product Description
•
Minimum/maximum logs for storing metering data
The ISGS relay is a general purpose, multifunction, microprocessor-based protective relay. It performs protection, metering, and monitoring for three phase current transformer (CT)
inputs and one ground CT input.
•
Waveform capture
•
Trip log for recording information on last eight trip events
•
Event log for monitoring and recording relay functions
for status changes
The ISGS relay provides two breaker tripping contacts and
one relay disabled (alarm) contact. The relay disabled contact
is a normally closed contact which opens when the relay is
functioning properly.
•
2-line by 16-character liquid crystal display (LCD) for
viewing measured data
•
26-key membrane keypad for local access and selected
manual data entry.
1.3.1
•
LED indicators for general relay status information
The ISGS relay base unit includes the following standard protection, metering, and monitoring features:
•
Standard RS-232 communications port for local access
to all parameter settings using a personal computer (PC)
and Wisdom™ software
•
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50) protection
•
Password security
•
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50N)
protection
•
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) protection
•
Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent (51N) protection
2
Standard Configuration
The ISGS relay is supplied in an M1-size drawout case with
dust tight front cover. The case is compatible with XLA connecting plugs that are commonly used to test relays.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Introduction
1.3.2
Optional Configurations
The ISGS relay is a dynamic, feature-rich device that can be
used in numerous industrial and utility applications. It allows
the addition of options or configuration changes at any time
without discarding the basic hardware.
Additional Protective Functions
For an ISGS relay with the metering option installed, the following additional protective functions offer a powerful extension of its protection capabilities:
•
Under/Overvoltage (27/59)
There are four optional configurations that can be added to
the ISGS relay base unit.
•
Phase Sequence Voltage (47)
•
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N)
Metering
Adding metering to the ISGS relay provides the relay with
three inputs for the connection of VTs. Each input can be set
from 100 V to 120 V. These inputs extend metering capabilities as follows:
•
Directional Time Overcurrent (67/67N)
•
Over/Underfrequency (81U/O)
•
Rms and average rms voltages
•
Active and apparent power
•
Kilowatt demand and kilowatt demand hours
•
Power factor
•
Frequency
The installation of the voltage input card now also allows the
setting of these protective functions:
•
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
•
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent
(50HSN)
The metering option is also a prerequisite for the next two
options: additional protective functions and remote communications.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Communications
Adding communications to the ISGS relay provides the relay
with an RS-485 port. Using the SEAbus™ communications
protocol, this port allows remote communications and control via the ACCESS™ electrical distribution and communication system (ACCESS system).
Communications allows configuration, measurement, and
protection functions to be performed or reviewed easily from
a remote location using Wisdom software.
1.4 Wisdom Software
While it is possible to completely set up and configure the
ISGS relay using the front panel keyboard and display, the
free Wisdom software package provided with the relay
reduces the complexity of configuring the relay, reading
metered values, and retrieving stored data. For more information on Wisdom software, refer to Chapter 8.
3
1
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1
Introduction
1.5 Technical Specifications
Trip Circuit (continued)
Binary output contacts
(BO1 and BO2)
Applicable Standards
ANSI / IEEE C37.90-1989
IEEE Standard Relays and Relay
Systems Associated With Electric Power Apparatus
IEC 255-4
Single Input Energizing Quantity
Measuring Relays With Dependent or Independent Time
General Technical Data
Operating ambient temperature
-40°Cto+75°C (-40°F to+167°F)
Relative humidity
The average relative humidity
may be up to 55% outside of
enclosure for temperatures up to
40°C, with excursions up to
95% for a maximum of 96
hours, without condensation.
Altitude
< 1500 meters
Frequency
50 Hz or 60 Hz, software selectable
Power Supply AC/DC
AC
Maximum switching voltage
300 VDC, 250 VAC
Maximum switching current
8A
Maximum switching capacity (for currents not interrupted by independent
means)
DC: voltage dependent;
50 W at V ≥70 VDC
100 W at 48 VDC
270 W at 35 VDC
AC: 2000 VA
Trip source monitor
215 mA for 48 VDC supply
63 mA for 125 VDC supply
36 mA for 250 VDC supply
Source quality checked approximately every 4 minutes
-20°C to +55°C (-4°F to +131°F)
Storage temperature
DC
2 x N.O. (independent,
not rated for tripping)
Rated voltages
48 V (19-56 V),
125 V (46-144 V),
250 V (92-288 V)
Permissible ripple
<10%
Rated voltage
120 V rms (102-132 V, 50-60 Hz)
Power consumption
<15W
Isolation
Applicable standards
ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1989,
IEC 255-4, IEC 255-5
2 kV rms, 50/60 Hz, 1 minute
Between all circuits (except
communications interfaces, analog inputs and outputs) and
ground, and between these circuits.
Between communications interfaces, analog inputs and outputs
and ground, and between these
circuits
500 VDC, 1 minute
Across open contacts rated for
tripping
1500 V rms, 50/60 Hz, 1 minute
Across open contacts not rated
for tripping
1000 V rms, 50/60 Hz, 1 minute
Input Circuit Ratings
Rated current (In)
Maximum input current
1 or 5 A, independently for
phase and ground inputs
4 x In continuous
10 x In for 10 s
100 x In for 1 s
CT burden
<0.1 VA for 1A CT
<0.5 VA for 5A CT
Rated voltage (Vn)
115 or 120 volts
Maximum input voltage
for measurement: 1.25 x Vn
MOV protected at: 2.5 x Vn
VT burden
150kΩ
Trip Circuit
Tripping relays
4
Applicable standards
IEC 255-4, IEC 255-5
For all circuits (except communi- class 3, 5 kV, 1.2/50 µs, 0.5 J
cations interfaces, analog
inputs and outputs), transverse
and common mode
RS-485 and local communications interfaces, analog I/Os
IEEE/ANSI C37.90-1989, Section 6.7 (Make and carry 30 A for
at least 2000 duty cycles, resistive load, interrupted by independent means. Duty cycle:
200 ms on, 15 s off, 250 V)
class 1, 0 kV
Electrostatic Discharge
Applicable standards
IEC 801-2 (test without cover)
Contact discharge
class 3, 6 kV
Air discharge
class 3, 8 kV
Surge Withstand Capability
Applicable standards
ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1989,
IEC 255-4, IEC 255-22-1,
IEC 41B (CO) 53
For all circuits except communications interfaces, analog
inputs and outputs
ANSI: Oscillatory and Fast Transient, transverse and common
mode
IEC: Class 3, 2.5 kV
For RS-485 interface, analog
inputs and outputs
IEC: Class 1, 0.5 kV
2 or 3
Contact configuration
(Trip 1, Trip 2, Trip 3)
Contact rating
Impulse
Electromagnetic Field
Applicable standards
ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2
All six faces
10 V/m (+100%, -0%),
2-1000 MHz
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Installation
2 Installation
2.3 Mounting
This chapter explains the installation of the ISGS relay and
includes procedures for unpacking, storing, mounting, and
wiring the relay. Prior to installation, ensure that the system
power is off and that you have all required tools and test
equipment available.
The ISGS relay is typically installed in a switchgear unit or
relay panel. The required panel opening and a side view of
the relay are shown in Figure 2.2.
5.69
(144.5)
2.1 Unpacking
4X .25 (6.4) DIA
2.84
(72.1)
Upon receipt of the relay, inspect the carton for signs of damage. If the carton has been opened or damaged, carefully
inspect and verify the contents against the packing list. If
pieces are missing or damaged, contact the shipping agent
or your Siemens representative. Refer to Figure 2.1 to identify the different parts of the relay.
Note: To avoid damage to the relay, transport or
store the relay in the original packing material. Always transport the cradle assembly
inside the case.
14.63
(371.5)
14.25
(362.0)
.
7.13
(181.0)
7.31
(185.7)
3.03
(77.0)
6.06
(154.0)
6.19
(157.2)
.63
(16.0)
10-32
SCREWS
Figure 2.1 Case, Cradle, Paddles, and Cover of ISGS Relay
2.2 Storing
.31
(7.9)
7.06
(179.4)
Extended storage of the relay should adhere to the following
guidelines:
•
Store the relay in a clean, dry location in the original
packing material
•
Storage temperature range is -40°F to +167°F
(-40°C to +75°C)
Note: This device contains electrolytic capacitors,
which can degrade over time when stored
at temperatures over 86°F (30°C). Take care
not to store the relay at high temperatures
for extended periods.
After extended storage, connect the relay to its auxiliary voltage source for one or two days prior to taking it into actual
service. This serves to regenerate the electrolytic capacitors
of the auxiliary supply.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
7.06
(179.4)
.31
(7.9)
10-32
SCREWS
.63
(16.0)
MOUNTING PANEL
Figure 2.2 Mounting Dimensions
5
2
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Installation
Use toothed washers to
ensure solid metal contact
through paint of cover and
panel
Top
19
20
Case ground, #12
or braided cable to
good cubicle ground,
as short as possible
BI1A
BI1B
BI2A
BI2B
BI3A
BI3B
BI4A
BI4B
Trip 3A
Trip 3B
17
18
15
16
13
14
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Trip 2
Power Input -
Power Input +
BI B Switch
BI Trip
Wire as described in Section 2.4.
Ground Monitor
3.
Impedance Source
Connect the case ground to the terminal lug on the
back of the M1-type case as shown in Figure 2.3.
Impedance Sense
2.
Relay Disabled 1
Install the relay M1-type case in the panel opening on
the switchgear equipment.
Relay Disabled 2
1.
IMPORTANT:
Any unused terminals must remain disconnected. They are for factory use only.
11
12
VT1+
VT1VT2+
VT2VT3+
VT3NC (unused)
SEAbus Signal +
SEAbus Signal SEAbus Ref
Case Ground
CT connections should be made with the polarity end of the
CT connected to current terminal marked with an asterisk (*).
6
4
2
Trip Common
6
1
Trip 1
8
3
CT1-1*
10
5
CT1-2
7
CT2-1*
Communications connections made to terminals 48 to 50
require shielded twisted pair wire.
9
CT2-2
Assure that all power is off before performing any wiring. Terminals 1 through 20 accept ring-tongue or forked spade terminals and are suitable for 14 AWG to 10 AWG wire.
Terminals 21 through 60 are for directly inserting the appropriate wire and are suitable for 22 AWG to 14 AWG wire.
CT3-1*
Wire the ISGS relay after the case is installed. Connect the
wiring to the applicable terminals to support the desired features. Refer to Figure 2.4 for terminal locations. Figure 2.5
shows the internal connections of the ISGS relay. To avoid
injury to personnel or the equipment, perform power connections after all other wiring has been completed.
CT3-2
2.4 Wiring
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
CTN-1*
Figure 2.3 Case Grounding
BO1A
BO1B
BO2A
BO2B
AI1+
AI1AI2+
AI2AO1+
AO1-
CTN-2
2
Mount the relay using the following steps.
Figure 2.4 Terminal Locations
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Installation
2
ISGS
Current
Input
CT 1-1
3
CT 1-2
4
CT 2-1
5
CT 2-2
CT 3-1
6
7
CT 3-2
8
CT N-1
9
CT N-2
10
VT 1+
41
VT 1-
42
VT 2+
43
Voltage
Input
Breaker and
Trip Source
Monitor
VT 2-
44
VT 3+
45
VT 3-
46
BI B Switch
14
BI Trip
15
2 Trip 1
Trip
1 Trip Common Relays
11 Trip 2
29
Trip 3
30
19 Relay Disabled 1
20 Relay Disabled 2
31
32
33
34
BO 1
BO 2
Relay Disabled
Alarm Contact
Binary
Outputs
Impedance Source 17
Impedance Sense
18
Ground Monitor
16
+ 21
1
-
22
+ 23
2
Binary
Input
- 24
+ 25
3
- 26
+ 27
4
Power
Supply
VH
- 28
+ 13
- 12
DC
DC
Communications
In
Data +
Communications
Out
48
RS-485 SEAbus
RxD
(3)
RS-232
Front Panel
49
Data -
50
Reference
(2)
TxD
(7)
Reference
Ground
Figure 2.5 Internal Connections
Note: The relay disabled contact should be wired to plant-wide distributed control system or external alarm.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Installation
2
2.5 Communications
2.6 Cradle Assembly
The ISGS relay must be connected to a host computer in
order for it to communicate with other devices. The relay
supports both RS-232 and RS-485 (optional) data interfaces. The use of either of these data interfaces will allow the
same level of access to the system as the front panel keypad, but configuration through communications does not
require a password.
Some of the setup and maintenance procedures in this manual require removal of the relay cradle assembly from the
drawout case. Use the following instructions for the proper
removal and insertion of the cradle assembly.
The next section describes the connection to the interfaces.
For more information about operating the ISGS relay via the
data interfaces, refer to the documentation for the communications software, such as WinPM™ or Wisdom. Keypad
operations are described in Chapter 3.
2.5.1
PC Communications (RS-232)
The RS-232 interface (front port) is intended only for shortterm connections to a portable computer. Use this interface
to perform initial setup or to read the ISGS relay data logs or
waveform buffers using an appropriate software program. To
connect your PC to the front port, follow these instructions:
1.
Remove the relay case front cover.
2.
Locate the RS-232 connector on the front panel of the
cradle assembly.
3.
Connect the PC to the front panel RS-232 port using a
standard DB-9 serial port connection cable (DB-9 male
to DB-9 female or DB-25 female depending on the type
of port on the computer). This connection does not
require the use of special adapters or a null-modem
cable.
2.5.2
Network Communications (RS-485)
The optional RS-485 interface (rear port) allows remote communication over a shielded twisted pair wire at distances of
up to 4000 feet. Use this interface together with an appropriate software program for remote monitoring and control of
the ISGS relay.
To connect the ISGS relay to your communications system,
follow these instructions:
1.
Locate the RS-485 connector on the rear of the M1
case.
2.
Use shielded twisted pair wire to connect pins 48, 49,
and 50 to your electrical distribution system.
To connect the ISGS relay to your PC via the rear port
•
directly, use an RS-232 to RS-485 converter.
•
via modem, use an RS-232 to RS-485 converter and a
null modem.
8
IMPORTANT:
The relay module contains CMOS circuits. Electrostatic discharges into or around the relay cradle or
any of its components must be avoided. Use
grounding straps or touch a grounded metal surface before handling the relay cradle.
2.6.1
Removing
Use the following procedure to remove the cradle assembly
from the case:
1.
Remove the relay case front cover.
2.
Remove the top and bottom connecting plugs
(paddles).
3.
Loosen the cradle assembly by pulling the top release
lever to the left and the bottom release lever to the right
until the assembly ejects from the case.
4.
Grasp the cradle assembly by the edges of the front
panel and pull it out of the drawout case.
5.
Place the cradle assembly on an anti-electrostatic surface and perform the desired work.
2.6.2
Inserting
Use the following procedure to insert the cradle assembly
into the drawout case:
1.
Insert the cradle assembly until the release levers come
in contact with the protrusions on the case.
2.
Position the top and bottom release levers until the slots
on the levers align with the protrusions on the case.
3.
Use the release levers to finish inserting the cradle
assembly into the case. Apply pressure to the cradle
assembly front panel until the assembly fully seats in the
case.
4.
Insert the top and bottom paddles.
5.
Check for proper insertion of the cradle assembly by
seeing if the expected measured values are observed on
the relay display.
6.
Install the front cover.
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User Interface
3 User Interface
.
Operation, parameter selection, and control of the ISGS relay
are performed using the front panel controls and indicators.
They consist of a 26-key membrane keypad, a 2-line by
16-character liquid crystal display (LCD), three light-emitting
diodes (LEDs), and the front port.
Key
Name
Function
Password
Accesses the password function,
which is required for programming
relay settings.
Direct Addr
Allows direct entry of addresses.
Trip Log
Displays the trip log.
Target Reset
Resets the Trip LED.
Double Arrow
Scrolls through the address
blocks.
Single Arrow
Scrolls through the addresses
within an address block.
F
Saves new settings when followed
by Enter, enters or exits subaddress level, or switches to alternate parameter set when followed
by 1 or 2 and Enter.
Numeric
Used to enter an address number
after pressing Direct Addr, or to
enter a numeric setting.
Decimal Point
Indicates a decimal point or the
separation between month, day,
and year, or between hours, minutes, and seconds.
Plus/Minus
Toggles between positive and
negative values.
Backspace
Deletes one character to the left or
selects backwards.
Infinity
Programs the setting to the highest possible value.
Enter
Chooses the setting option, enters
a setting value, or confirms the
address entered after pressing
Direct Addr.
Yes
Accepts the displayed setting, or
replies “yes” to the displayed
prompt.
No
Rejects the displayed setting,
allows entry of a numeric setting,
replies “No” to the displayed
prompt, or selects forward.
3
3.1 Keypad
l
The relay can be controlled via the keypad, the front port, or
the optional rear port. This manual covers only keypad operations. For information about communicating with the ISGS
relay via the data ports, refer to the documentation supplied
with the communications software (WinPM or Wisdom).
The ISGS relay keypad allows access to any relay information or function for display or parameter changes where
applicable. The keypad consists of 26 keys. Table 3.1 provides a detailed description of each key type.
To access relay information or functions for display or modification, use the Arrow keys to scroll through relay addresses
or use the Direct Addr key and the specific address number
to go directly to the information or function.
Use the Double Arrow keys to scroll through the address
blocks and use the Single Arrow keys to scroll within an
address block.
3.2 Indicators
The indicators on the front panel display consist of three
LEDs and a two-line LCD.
3.2.1
LEDs
The LED indicators are used to provide general status information, which alerts the operator to an event or problem and
prompts the operator to use the LCD to review the logs for
more detailed information. The three LEDs and their functions are listed below.
LED
System
Color
Green
Function
Denotes the relay is operating properly
(always on when relay is in service).
Pickup
Red
Denotes a protective function is in
pickup.
Trip
Red
Denotes a protective function or
remote command has initiated a trip.
Both the Pickup and the System LED operate automatically
and do not require a reset.
•
The System LED remains on as long as power is applied
and the relay is functioning properly.
•
The Pickup LED is illuminated as long as a protective
function is in pickup.
Table 3.1 Front Panel Keys
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User Interface
The Trip LED is illuminated until the Target Reset key is
depressed. Reset the Trip LED by momentarily depressing
the Target Reset key.
3
Note: If the Trip LED is on and power is removed, it
will still be set to on when power is restored.
3.2.2
LCD
The two-line by sixteen-character LCD allows the viewing of
parameters, measured data, and keypad entries. The LCD
also displays messages returned by events such as a relay
going into pickup.
Whenever a relay goes into pickup, in addition to lighting the
pickup LED, the LCD shows a message that indicates which
protection element is in pickup. A pickup message is displayed as follows:
Level 3
Password configuration is described in Section 9.4.
To access any password protected information or function,
either first enter the password (up to five digits) and then go
to the desired address, or first access the address block and
then enter the password as described in the following steps:
1.
2.
xxxx
3.
Press the Enter key after completing the entry.
4.
If a correct password has been entered, the dialog box
displays a confirmation message that depends on the
level password that was entered.
is a sequence of the characters 1, 2, 3,
and/or N, indicating which phase or
combination of phases and neutral
have picked up.
MM/DD hh:mm:ss
Enter a password (00000 to 99999) using the number
keys from the keypad. The LCD displays each digit
entered as an @ symbol.
Password:
@@@@@
In this message
is the two or three character ANSI protection code number, for example, 50,
or 50N.
Press the Password key. The password dialog box
appears.
Password:
PICKUP FFF Pxxxx
MM/DD hh:mm:ss
FFF
includes additional access to all matrixing, the
changing of which can cause a device reset.
Password:
User PW Three OK
is the date and time of the event.
These messages are displayed until superseded by another
pickup, a trip message, a target reset, or a request by the
operator to display other information.
For a level 1 or level 2 password, the word “Three” in the
illustration above would be replaced by “One” and
“Two,” respectively.
3.3 Password Protection
If the wrong password has been entered, the dialog box
displays the following message:
A password should be used to prevent any accidental or
unauthorized parameter changes. While relay information
can be accessed for display without a password, all changes
to parameter settings require a user password.
Note: The ISGS relay is not password protected
when making parameter changes through
Wisdom software.
The ISGS relay offers three password protected access levels:
Level 1
consists of simple settings such as all protective
and setpoint settings that do not cause a reset.
These simple settings include communications
and time and date settings.
Level 2
consists of protective function settings such as
CT and VT ratios, the changing of which can
cause a device reset.
10
Password:
Rejected
5.
When the confirmation message appears, press the
Enter key. This action returns the display that was in
use before entering the password.
For example, if the address block of the parameter to be
changed was displayed prior to entering the password,
the display returns to this address block and the device
is ready to accept changes.
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User Interface
3.4 Menu
The ISGS relay menu (or memory map) is organized in a hierarchical structure that is made up of address blocks and
addresses. The first level consists of address blocks. Each
address block represents one complete function or two
related functions and is identified by a unique four-digit number ending in two zeros (for example, 1500). Refer to
Figure 3.1.
The second level consists of individual addresses confined to
an address block. Each address represents a part of a function—the changeable parameter—or the measured value of
a displayed parameter. The parameter is identified by a
unique four-digit number that consists of the first two digits
of the address block and two digits indicating the parameter’s number within the address block (for example, 1502).
Refer to Figure 3.1.
Block
Function
A1500 Instantaneous
Phase Overcurrent
(50)
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
A1900 Directional Phase
Time Overcurrent
(67)
Address
Parameter
1501
1502
1504
1510
1511
1512
1551
1552
1560
1561
Function 50
Pickup 50
Delay 50
Freeze Wfm 1 50
Freeze Wfm 2 50
Block 50
Function 50HS
Pickup 50HS
Freeze Wfm 1 HS
Freeze Wfm 2 HS
1901
1902
1903
1905
1906
1907
1908
1910
1911
Function
Curve
Pickup
Time Dial
Filter
Impedance
Direction
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
A2200 Overvoltage (59)
--- ---
Figure 3.1 Example of Menu Structure Displaying Address
Blocks with Two Related Functions, an Individual Function,
and an Unavailable Function.
A complete ISGS relay menu with parameter listing is provided in Appendix C. The various parameter settings are
shown in the respective section describing the complete
function.
The LCD identifies functions that include parameters configurable for A and B settings by preceding the function’s
address block number with the letter A or the letter B,
depending on which parameter set is currently displayed.
Refer to Figure 3.2.
A1500 Instantaneous
Phase Overcurrent 50
Figure 3.2 LCD Display of a Function that Includes
Parameters Configurable for A and B Settings.
In addition, when scrolling through the individual parameters
of an ISGS relay, the LCD identifies each parameter that is
configurable for A and B settings by preceding the parameter’s address number with the letter A or the letter B,
depending on which parameter set is currently displayed.
Refer to Figure 3.3
A1502 Pickup 50
110A
Figure 3.3 LCD Display of a Parameter that is Configurable
for A and B Settings
When accessing the ISGS relay menu through the keypad,
the Arrow keys allow scrolling through all available functions
and parameters. If an option is not installed, the LCD only
displays the address block that is reserved for this option. In
this case, second level addresses are not available.
3.5 Standard Operating Procedures
Before attempting to display or configure any of the relay
data, ensure that the relay has control power which is indicated by the system LED (green) being lit.
The steps for displaying data, configuring parameters, saving
data, and switching to the alternate parameter set for either
display or configuration are described in detail in Table 3.1,
Standard Operating Procedures.
Only certain protective function parameters have two settings. All A settings are grouped under parameter set A, and
all B settings are grouped under parameter set B. Each
parameter set automatically includes all the regular parameters that can be programmed to only one setting at a time
and, therefore, apply to both sets. Examples are protective
function enable settings and matrixed output contacts such
as waveform buffers and blocking. For more information on
parameter sets, refer to Section 6.11.
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User Interface
Displaying function names (address blocks), parameter
names and their settings or values (addresses), and subparameter settings (subaddress, where applicable), does not
require a password (except for viewing the password itself).
Data can be displayed by following steps 1 to 3 of the standard operating procedures described in Table 3.1. Viewing
passwords requires the entry of an appropriate level user
password (refer to Section 3.3 for more information on
passwords).
3
Configuring parameters requires a password. Use steps 1
and 2 or steps 1 to 3 to display the desired parameter or its
subparameters. Continue with step 4 to make changes to
this parameter or subparameter.
When leaving a function or before scrolling to the waveform
parameters of the same function, the relay prompts to indicate the end of the password operation and whether the
changes made so far shall be saved. When the message
“End of Password Operation ?” appears, press the Yes key
to continue to the next function. Press the No key to scroll
back through the parameters of this one function. Pressing
the Yes key returns the message “SAVE NEW SETTINGS ?”.
Press the Yes key again to save the settings, or press the No
key to abort any changes made after the last saving procedure.
12
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User Interface
Table 3.1 Standard Operating Procedures
Step
Task
Description
Display Data
1
2
Display data at
Address Block
(xx00)
Display data at
Address
(xxxx)
3
Use Double Arrow keys to scroll forward or backward between address blocks.
OR
Press Direct Addr key; enter address of desired address block using the numeric keypad; press Enter key.
To view passwords, carry out step 4 before continuing with the next step.
Use Single Arrow keys to scroll forward or backward between parameter addresses.
Skip step 3 if function has no subaddresses.
OR
Press Direct Addr key; enter address of desired parameter using the numeric keypad; press Enter key.
Skip step 3 if function has no subaddresses.
3
Display data at
Subaddress
(0xx)
Press F key once to enter subaddress level; use Single Arrow keys to scroll forward or backward between
subaddresses.
Press F key again to return to address level.
Configure Parameters
4
Enter Password
Press Password key; enter the password; press Enter key twice to return to screen displayed last before
password entry.
Leaving an address block, leaving a function within an address block, or before scrolling to the waveform
parameters within a function prompts for renewed password entry.
For password levels, proper password entry, and display messages, refer to Section 3.3.
5
Configure at
Address
(xxxx)
Display cursor is blinking (otherwise repeat step 4).
Change displayed value by entering a new value using the keypad. Press Enter key.
Change displayed selection by pressing the No key to scroll forward through options until desired option
appears. Press Enter key.
Skip step 6 if function has no subaddresses.
6
Configure at
Subaddress
(0xx)
Press F key once to enter subaddress level; use Single Arrow keys to scroll forward or backward between
subaddresses.
Change displayed selection by pressing No key to scroll forward through options until desired option appears.
Press Enter key.
Press F key again to return to address level.
Save Changes
7
Enter Save
Procedure
Press F key. At the blinking cursor position, the letter F is displayed. Press Enter key. Message “SAVE NEW
SETTINGS?” appears.
Undo Changes
To abort any changes made, press No key. After message “SAVING PROCEDURE ABORTED” appears,
press Enter key to return to screen displayed last before aborting settings.
Settings can be undone any time while still in the same function by simply returning to the parameter and
assigning a new value.
Save Changes
To save settings and reset relay to new parameters, press Yes key followed by Enter key. After message
“NEW SETTINGS SAVED” appears, press Enter key to return to screen displayed last before saving settings.
Leaving an address block, leaving a function within an address block, or before scrolling to the waveform
parameters within a function prompts for the saving of the function settings.
Switch Parameter Set
8
Switch
Parameter Set
Press F key followed by either “1” (for normal settings) or “2” (for alternate settings) on the numeric keypad.
The message “PARAMETER SET COPIED TO EDIT” appears. Press Enter key.
9
Display/Configure Alternate
Parameter Set
Display shows address block (“xx00”) with either “A” or “B” prefix in address (“Axx00” or “Bxx00”).
“A” indicates parameter set 1; “B” indicates parameter set 2.
Repeat steps 1 to 3 or steps 1 to 7 to display or configure the alternate parameter set.
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Notes:
3
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Hardware Configuration
4 Hardware Configuration
This chapter explains the device startup and how to configure the basic ISGS relay parameters. The relay must be configured with certain system parameters, such as phase
sequence and frequency. In addition, information regarding
the manner in which the ISGS relay is connected in the
installation must be configured.
All parameter changes require a password. Refer to
Section 3.3 for instructions on how to enter your password.
Viewing parameter settings does not require a password.
Note: The ISGS relay is not password protected
when making parameter changes through
Wisdom software.
Perform parameter changes using steps 1 through 9 of the
standard operating procedure described in Section 3.5.
4.1 Startup
Block
Function
0000 Power On/
Configuration
Display
Address
Parameter
---
---
When the relay is powered on, following a brief hardware initialization check, the green System LED illuminates and the
LCD shows the contents of address 0000. First, the Power
On display indicates your relay configuration. After approximately five seconds, the Power On display is replaced by the
Power On Meter display showing two values. Prior to placing
the relay in service, verify that the correct relay configuration
was preloaded at the factory. To return to the Power On display, press the Direct Addr key and key in 0000 followed by
the Enter key.
Power On Display
The two lines of the Power On display indicate your relay
configuration. Line 1 contains the function address 0000 and
the relay’s firmware version. Line 2 identifies the relay’s catalog number which depends on the options you ordered with
your relay (see Figure 4.2 for catalog numbers).
Reading from left to right in Figure 4.1, line 1 shows the
address block 0000 and the ISGS firmware version
ISGS-3V3.00. Line 2 displays the catalog number
D553100VSDF00000. The first character of this number, D,
indicates a 120 VAC power supply, the fourth character, 3,
voltage inputs for energy metering, and the eighth through
eleventh characters, VSDF, indicate Under/Overvoltage protection, Negative Sequence Voltage protection, Directional
Overcurrent protection, and Under/Overfrequency protection, respectively.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
ISGS-3V3.00
D553100VSDF00000
Figure 4.1 Power On Display
1
2
3
ISGS -
4
5
-
6
0
7
8
9
10
-
11
12
13
14
- 0 0 0
Nominal Supply Voltage
48 VDC
125 VDC
120VAC
250VDC
Phase CT Secondary
Rating
A
B
D
E
1A
1
5A
5
Neutral or Ground CT Rating
1
5
1A
5A
This section describes the content of address block 0000
represented by the initial Power On display and the initial
Power On Meter display.
4.1.1
0000
Voltage Inputs, Power Metering,
RS-485 Communications
Without
00
With
31
Additional I/O
0
Without
I
With *
Under/Overvoltage Protection (27/59),
Negative Sequence Voltage Protection (47/47N),
Directional Overcurrent Protection (67/67N),
Under/Overfrequency Protection (81 U/O)
Without
With *
0000
VSDF
* Voltage Inputs required.
Figure 4.2 Relay Configuration (Catalog Number)
4.1.2
Power On Meter Display
The Power On Meter display consists of two measured values. The default setting for Line 1 displays average current,
and Line 2 shows average current demand. The type of
default values displayed can be changed in address block
7000, Operating Parameters, described in Chapter 7.
Iavg = xx A
Idmdavg = xx A
Figure 4.3 Power On Meter Display
The Power On Meter display is replaced with other information anytime an event message is displayed or the LCD is
used to set parameters or check logs. To return the LCD to
the Power On Meter Display, press the Trip Log key followed
by the Target Reset key.
15
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Hardware Configuration
4.3 Setting Binary Input Voltages
The Device Configuration function allows you to set up the
ISGS relay to match line frequency, phase sequence, and
breaker connection settings of your system.
Binary inputs are jumpered to correspond to the auxiliary
supply voltage of the relay in which they are installed. The
inputs will correctly respond to DC or AC depending on the
jumpering. The jumpers can be placed to allow the inputs to
work with any of the available voltages, independent of the
auxiliary supply voltage. Refer to Figure 4.5 and Table 4.1.
4
125 VDC Bus
13
120 VAC
Aux Relay
ISGS 21
BI 1
Relay 22
12
120 VAC Source
to be Monitored
4.2 Device Configuration
Figure 4.4 Binary Inputs Independent of Supply Voltage
Table 4.1 lists the possible jumper positions for setting
binary input voltages. The numbers in this table each refer to
a pin from and to which a jumper can be moved.
Table 4.1 Jumper Positions
Voltage
Supply
BI 1
Terminals
21/22
BI 2
Terminals
23/22
BI 3
Terminals
25/26
BI 4
Terminals
27/28
48 V
X111-X112
X23-X22
X34-X35
X46-X47
X13-X14
X25-X26
X37-X38
X49-X50
X16-X17
X28-X29
X40-X41
X52-X53
X19-X20
X31-X32
X43-X44
X55-X56
X111-X112 X23-X22
X34-X35
X46-X47
X13-X14
X25-X26
X37-X38
X49-X50
X17-X18
X29-X30
X41-X42
X53-X54
X19-X20
X31-X32
X43-X44
X55-X56
X110-X111
X24-X23
X35-X36
X47-X48
125 V
(Default)
1000 Device Configuration
Address
Parameter
Options
1002
Frequency
50Hz or 60Hz
1003
Phase Sequence
123 (ABC) or 132 (ACB)
X14-X15
X26-X27
X38-X39
X50-X51
1004
Breaker
Connection
Trip 1, Trip 2, Trip 3, Trip 1 & 2,
Trip 1 & 3, Trip 2 & 3, or
Trip 1 & 2 & 3
X17-X18
X29-X30
X41-X42
X53-X54
X20-X21
X32-X33
X44-X45
X56-X57
Trip Time
0.01-32.00 s (0.01 s steps)
X23-X22
X34-X35
X46-X47
X14-X15
X26-X27
X38-X39
X50-X51
X17-X18
X29-X30
X41-X42
X53-X54
X19-X20
X31-X32
X43-X44
X55-X56
1005
The frequency parameter (1002) must be set to the nominal
frequency of your system. Phase sequence (1003) selects
the phase sequence of your system as it enters the ISGS
relay. The breaker connection parameter (1004) selects the
trip contact that your breaker is connected to. Many functions use this parameter to determine if the device is
attempting to open the breaker. Breaker failure can be initiated by either one of the three trips (if the Breaker Failure
function is enabled). The default is set to Trip 1.
16
120 VAC
250 VDC X111-X112
h
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Hardware Configuration
.22 163
.22 163
.22 163
350
350
350
350
Figure 4.5 shows option board 2 and its jumpers. The drawing indicates the jumpers associated with each binary input.
The enlarged set of pins shows an example of pin labeling
and a jumper at location X17-X18.
Changing Jumper Positions
IMPORTANT:
The relay module contains CAMS circuits. Electrostatic discharges into or around the relay cradle or
any of its components must be avoided. Use
grounding straps or touch a grounded metal surface before handling the relay cradle.
1.
Remove the cradle assembly from the case as
described in Section 2.6.1.
2.
Set the relay on its back.
3.
With a small screwdriver, remove the four screws (on the
sides of the relay) that hold the front panel to the relay
cradle.
4.
Lift the front panel and hang it in the slots provided on
the left side of the casing. Take care not to damage the
ribbon cables that connect the electronics in the cradle
to the front panel electronics.
5.
Disconnect the two ribbon cables from the main board
and the option board 2. The main board is the center
board which is screwed to the option board 2 on its
right.
6.
Withdraw these two attached boards and set them on
the workplace with the jumper side up (see Figure 4.5).
7.
Each jumper is pushed over two out of three pins. Each
pin is labeled with numbers identical to those in
Table 4.1. The numbers of two side-by-side pins represent a possible jumper position.
8.
With a small needle nose pliers, lift the desired jumper
off of its pins and push it down over another two pins of
the same set.
.22 163
Example: In Figure 4.5, the jumper is over pins X17
and X18, a default setting for a 125 V power supply. For
a 48 V power supply, set this jumper to X16-X17.
Repeat this step until all desired jumpers are repositioned.
9.
Insert the attached boards back into the cradle. The
connectors of each board must snap into the terminals
of the casing.
10. Reattach the two ribbon cables to the main board and
the option board 2.
11. Unhook the front panel and carefully place it over the
cradle. Lift the front panel slightly to make sure that the
ribbon cables connected to the front panel are positioned in their assigned space to prevent damage.
12. Insert and tighten the four front panel screws.
Figure 4.5 Option Board 2 with Binary Inputs
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13. Insert the cradle into the casing as described in
Section 2.6.2.
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Hardware Configuration
4.4 CT Configuration
Main Bus
The CT Configuration function allows you to set up the ISGS
relay to match the phase CT primary rating, the neutral or
ground CT primary rating, and the CT input’s normal power
flow setting of your system. For CT connections refer to
Figure 4.8.
ISGS
ISGS
Power
Power
4
Normal Power Flow
(Into CT Polarity Mark)
Reverse Power Flow
(Out of CT Polarity Mark)
Figure 4.6 Normal/Reverse Power Flow
4.5 VT Configuration
Use this address block to configure the ISGS relay to match
the VT primary rating and the VT connection setting for your
system. These settings are available only if the voltage input
option is installed on the relay.
1100 CT Configuration
Address
Parameter
Options
1101
Phase CT Primary
Rating
5-8000 A (1 A steps)
1102
Neutral or Ground
CT Primary Rating
5-8000 A (1 A steps)
1104
Power Flow
Normal or Reverse
The phase (1101) and neutral/ground (1102) CT primary ratings are independently configurable. However, when a residual sensing method is used for ground fault protection, the
primary current ratings for the neutral CT and the phase CT
must be equal. The CT secondary ratings (1A or 5A) are set
at the factory and are not changeable from the front panel.
Power flow is also referred to as top feed or bottom feed. If
the power enters the polarity mark on the CTs, set the Power
Flow parameter (1104) to Normal. If power leaves the polarity
mark, enter Reverse. Figure 4.6 illustrates examples of normal and reverse power flow.
18
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Hardware Configuration
1200 VT Configuration
Address Parameter
1
2
3
Options
1201 Primary Rating
120-138,000 V (1 V steps)
1202 VT Connect
Line-to-Line or Line-to-Neutral
1203 Sec. VT Rating
100-120 V (1 V steps)
ISGS
41
Voltage transformers may be connected in either of two
ways:
42
•
Two VTs connected open delta-open delta
43
•
Three VTs connected wye-wye
V1
4
V2
44
For brevity, the open delta connection is referred to as L-L
(line-to-line), while the wye connection is referred to as L-N
(line-to-neutral). Wye-delta or delta-wye connection of VTs is
not allowed. Figure 4.7 shows the correct VT connections
and polarities.
45
V3
46
Voltage transformers are specified with an input to output
voltage ratio (for example, 12000:120). The secondary voltage rating of the VTs can be set by the Secondary Voltage
Rating parameter (1203).
Before leaving the hardware configuration blocks, (only when
changing parameters, not when viewing) the ISGS relay displays the message “END OF PASSWORD OPERATION?”.
Press the No button to return to one of the configuration
blocks. The message “PRESS ANY KEY TO CONTINUE”
appears. Press any key to return to the screen displayed last
before the message prompt appeared. Press the Yes button
if you are finished with the configuration changes. The device
prompts you to save the settings.
•
•
Press the Yes button to save the settings. The relay
resets and displays the Power On and Power Meter On
displays.
Press the No button if you do not want to save the
changes The message “SAVING PROCEDURE
ABORTED” appears. Press Enter to return to the last
address block.
Note: For CT configuration, CTs on the neutral
must be the same rating as other CTs for
residual ground sensing, directional neutral
sensing, or direct ground sensing.
Wye-Wye VT Connection
1
2
3
ISGS
41
V12
42
43
V23
44
45
V31
46
For VT connections, VTs must be either wye-wye
or delta-delta. Wye-delta or delta-wye connections are not permissible.
Open Delta-Open Delta VT Connection
Figure 4.7 Voltage Transformer Connections
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Hardware Configuration
1
1
2
2
3
3
ISGS
1
4
3
ISGS
1
N
4
3
6
5
8
7
2
2
5
3
7
4
6
3
8
N
10
9
N
10
52
9
52
Three Phase Current with Residual Ground Sensing
Three Phase Current with Direct Neutral Sensing
1
1
2
2
3
3
ISGS
1
ISGS
1
G
4
3
5
2
6
5
3
7
4
3
2
6
3
8
7
8
N
52
10
N
10
9
52
9
Three Phase Current with Zero Sequence CT
Three Phase Current with Direct Ground Sensing
52 = Power Circuit Breaker
= ISGS Internal CT
Figure 4.8 Current Transformer Configuration
20
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Protective Function Configuration
5 Protective Function Configuration
5.1 Overview
This chapter explains how to set the parameters for the
protective functions of the ISGS relay.
Password
All parameter changes require a password. Refer to
Section 3.3 on how to enter your password. Viewing
parameter settings does not require a password.
Note: The ISGS relay is not password protected
when making parameter changes through
Wisdom software.
Configuration Steps
Perform parameter changes using steps 1 through 9 of the
standard operating procedures described in Section 3.5.
Parameter Sets
Many protective functions can be set to two different parameter sets—set A and set B. These functions are indicated by
the letter A or B preceding the address block number. Alternate sets are useful for seasonal settings or for special operating periods. Either set can be selected (in address block
7100) to be the active set that controls the relay operation.
The parameters for both sets are entered in the relevant
address blocks. Waveform capture buffer settings apply to
both parameter sets. Unless you do not desire an alternate
set, configure both sets when configuring the relay.
Note: The settings for parameter sets A and B are
entered in the address block. However, the
parameter set which the ISGS relay is
actively using is selected at address block
7100. Refer to Section 6.11 for discussion
of parameter sets.
Actions on Pickup or Trip
Protective functions can be set to have actions occur on
pickup or on trip. Binary outputs can be set to be actuated
on pickup of a protective function. A protective function is set
to trip a breaker by assigning the trip contact that is connected to the breaker (default is Trip 1). Binary outputs can
also be assigned to trip a breaker. It is possible, however to
have a protective function enabled and not assigned to any
output. Events and their sequences are entered in the trip log
as usual, but the breaker will not be affected. This setting is
useful for monitoring and alarming without tripping, and for
waveform capture. For more information on the control of
inputs and outputs, refer to Chapter 6.
Pickup
When testing induction disk relays, an established practice is
to set the pickup value to 1.0 A of secondary CT output. The
time overcurrent curves will show a pickup, but the relay will
not trip in a predefined repeatable manner until it reaches 1.3
to 1.5 A. With numerical relays like the ISGS, however, a sustained pickup indication means definite operation. To
account for measurement inaccuracies, and to guarantee
that the relay will never trip at 100% of pickup or below, the
pickup point is set at 106% of the pickup setting to avoid any
unintended nuisance trips.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Neutral or Ground
The availability of protective functions for neutral or ground
depends on how the external CTs are connected. If a ground
or zero-sequence CT is used and connected to the fourth
internal CT, the ground or neutral protective function is a
ground function. If the fourth CT is connected in the common
return of the other three internal CTs (residual), the function is
indicated as being neutral. There does not need to be an
explicit selection of neutral or ground.
Custom Curve
The custom curve is one user-defined curve that can be
used by one or more protective functions that have the custom curve option in the curve list.
Wisdom Software
While the ISGS relay protective functions can be completely
configured manually using the LCD and the keypad, Wisdom
software allows faster and easier configuration when it is
used on a PC connected to either data port. For data port
connections refer to Section 2.5.
5.2 Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50)
The Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent function consists of a
phase instantaneous overcurrent function and an adjustable
delay. This function begins timing when any individual phase
current exceeds the pickup at 100% of set pickup point and
drops out at 95% of the pickup point.
A1500
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50)
Address Parameter
Option
1501
Function
Enabled or Disabled
1502
Pickup
5 A CTs: 1-120 A
1 A CTs: 0.2-24 A
(0.1 A steps)
1504
Time Delay
0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
1510
Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1511
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1512
Blocked by
None, 50HS & 50HSN, 50 HSN,
or 50HS
The function can be enabled or disabled (1501).
The range of the pickup value (1502) depends on the secondary phase CT rating (1 A or 5 A), and the value is in secondary amperes.
The time delay (1504) represents the time between pickup
and trip and can be adjusted from 0 to 60 seconds in steps
of 0.1 second. If the function remains in pickup for longer
than the time delay, the function causes a trip. The delay can
also be set to infinity so that the function never times out.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1510 and 1511)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
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Protective Function Configuration
5.3 High-Set Instantaneous Phase
Overcurrent (50HS)
The High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent function
causes an undelayed trip when any individual measured
phase current exceeds the preprogrammed threshold
(pickup value). The relay will trip at 100% of the set pickup
point.
A1500
Address
5
High-SetInstantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
Parameter
Option
1551
Function
Enabled or Disabled
1552
Pickup
5A CTs: 5-120 A or
1A CTs: 0.2-24 A
(0.1 A steps)
1560
Freeze Wfm1
on Trip, or None
1561
Freeze Wfm2
on Trip, or None
The function can be enabled or disabled (1551). The range of
the pickup value (1552) depends on the secondary phase CT
rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1560 and 1561)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.4 Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50N)
The Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent function
has an adjustable delay whose input is the current measured
by the neutral CT. It begins timing when the neutral or ground
current exceeds the pickup value. The ISGS relay will pickup
at 100% of set pickup point and drop out at 95% of the
pickup point.
A1600
Address
22
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent
(50N)
Parameter
Option
1601
Function
Enabled or Disabled
1602
Pickup
5 A CTs: 1-120 A or
1 A CTs: 0.2-24 A
(0.1 A steps)
1604
Time Delay
0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
1610
Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1611
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1612
Blocked by
None, 50HS & 50HSN, 50HSN,
or 50HS
The Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent function
can be enabled or disabled (1601). The form of protection
provided depends on the manner in which the external CTs
are connected to the ISGS relay. Figure 4.5 in Chapter 4
shows correct CT connections and polarities.
The range of the pickup value (1602) depends on the secondary neutral CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes.
The time delay (1604) represents the time between pickup
and trip and can be adjusted from 0 to 60 seconds in steps
of 0.1 second. If the function remains in pickup for longer
than the time delay, this parameter causes a trip. The delay
can also be set to infinity so that the function never times out.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1610 and 1611)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.5 High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or
Ground Overcurrent (50HSN)
The High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent
function causes an undelayed trip when any individual measured phase current exceeds the preprogrammed threshold
(pickup value). The relay will trip at 100% of the set pickup
point.
A1600 High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50HSN)
Address Parameter
Option
1651 Function
Enabled or Disabled
1652 Pickup
5 A CTs: 5-120 A or
1 A CTs: 0.2-24 A
(0.1 A steps)
1660 Freeze Wfm1
on Trip, or None
1661 Freeze Wfm2
on Trip, or None
The High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent
function can be enabled or disabled (1651).
The range of the pickup value (1652) depends on the secondary phase CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1660 and 1661)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
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Protective Function Configuration
5.6 Phase Time Overcurrent (51)
The Phase Time Overcurrent function uses a selected time
overcurrent characteristic curve to determine the trip time for
the applied phase currents. The defined characteristic curves
are valid over a range of multiple of pickup values. The function also includes the ability to select a customer defined
curve. This function is always enabled. Refer to Appendix A
for detailed trip curve information.
A1700 Phase Time Overvurrent (51)
Address Parameter
1702 Curve
1703 Pickup
Option
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse
Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T Without Limit
5 A CTs: 0.5-20 A or
1 A CTs: 0.1-4 A
(0.1 A steps)
1705 Time Dial
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
1706 Filter
rms or fundamental
1709 Reset
Instantaneous or Disk Emulation
1710 Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1711 Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1712 Blocked by
None, 50HS, 50HSN, or
50HS & 50 HSN
The Curve parameter (1702) allows the selection of the preprogrammed characteristic curve used by this function. The
ISGS relay comes with nine standard and one custom overcurrent characteristic curves that can be adjusted with the
Time Dial parameter. The custom curve is a user-definable
protective curve that integrates with instantaneous reset. The
lower limit of the custom curve is 1.10. The maximum time to
trip is the time at 1.10.
The range of the pickup value (1703) depends on the secondary phase CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes. The function begins timing when any
individual phase current exceeds the pickup current setting.
Note: The pickup point is 1.06 of the pickup setting. Refer also to paragraph on Pickup in
Section 5.1.
The Time Dial parameter (1705) used for the selected curve
allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be raised or lowered
The dial can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1.
The Filter parameter (1706) sets the sensing method used by
the function in its pickup calculations. The rms filter uses fundamental current plus harmonics, while the fundamental filter
ignores harmonics.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
The Reset parameter (1709) offers instantaneous or disk
emulation settings. Selecting Instantaneous causes the relay
to clear the timer when the current drops below the pickup
threshold. Selecting Disk Emulation causes the relay to simulate the integrating disk characteristics of electromechanical
relays, where the delay time decays over time. With disk
emulation, a relay that continuously picks up and drops out
will eventually trip. Set this parameter to Instantaneous when
using a custom curve.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1710 and 1711)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.7 Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N)
The Neutral Time Overcurrent function uses a selected time
overcurrent characteristic curve to determine the trip time for
the applied current at the fourth current input. The defined
characteristic curves are valid over a range of multiple of
pickup values. The function also includes a customer defined
curve. Refer to Appendix A for detailed trip curve information.
A1800
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N)
Address Parameter
Option
1801
Function
Enabled or Disabled
1802
Curve
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse
Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T Without Limit
1803
Pickup
5 A CTs: 0.5-20 A or
1 A CTs: 0.1-4 A
(0.1 A steps)
1805
Time Dial
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
1806
Filter
rms or fundamental
1809
Reset
Instantaneous or Disk Emulation
1810
Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1811
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1812
Blocked by
None, 50HS, 50HSN, or
50HS & 50 HSN
The Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent function can be
enabled and disabled (1801).
The Curve parameter (1702) allows the selection of the preprogrammed characteristic curve used by this function. The
ISGS relay comes with nine standard and one custom overcurrent characteristic curves that can be adjusted with the
Time Dial parameter. The custom curve is a user-definable
23
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Protective Function Configuration
protective curve that integrates with instantaneous reset. The
lower limit of the custom curve is 1.10. The maximum time to
trip is the time at 1.10.
The range of the pickup value (1803) depends on the secondary phase CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes.
The Time Dial parameter (1805) used for the selected curve
allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be raised or lowered.
The dial can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1.
5
The Filter parameter (1806) sets the sensing method used by
the function in its pickup calculations. The rms filter uses fundamental current plus harmonics, while the fundamental filter
ignores harmonics.
The Reset parameter (1709) offers instantaneous or disk
emulation settings. Selecting Instantaneous causes the relay
to clear the timer when the current drops below the pickup
threshold. Selecting Disk Emulation causes the relay to simulate the integrating disk characteristics of electromechanical
relays, where the delay time decays over time. With disk
emulation, a relay that continuously picks up and drops out
will eventually trip. Set this parameter to Instantaneous when
using a custom curve.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1810 and 1811)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.8 Blocking Capability for Breaker or
Interrupter Saving
High-set instantaneous phase overcurrent (50HS) and highset instantaneous neutral or ground overcurrent (50HSN)
functions have the capability to block 50, 51, 50N, and 51N
selectively to prevent opening an interrupting device should
the fault current exceed the rating of the device.
This function is used to keep an electrically-operated load
break switch, recloser, or aging circuit breaker from attempting to interrupt current beyond its capability or rating. It must
be used in conjunction with a slight delay (25 ms) in 50 so
that 50HS can pickup or trip before 50 times out and trips.
Should these parameters be set, a fault large enough to
cause 50HS to pickup or trip before 50 has timed out will
prevent 50 and/or 51, 50N, and 51N from tripping.
50HS/N can also be matrixed to an output contact to block
differential tripping of a transformer differential relay when a
fault is between the interrupter and the high side (bushings)
of the transformer.
24
Figure 5.1 Blocking Capability Diagram
5.9 Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67)
The Directional Phase Time Overcurrent function uses a
selected time overcurrent characteristic curve to determine
the trip time for the applied phase currents, utilizing the voltages present on the VTs to determine current direction. The
defined characteristic curves are valid over a range of multiple of pickup values. The function also includes a customer
defined curve. Refer to Appendix A for detailed trip curve
information. This function is only available if the voltage input
option is installed.
A1900 Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67)
Address Parameter
Option
1901 Function
Enabled or Disabled
1902 Curve
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse
Slightly Inverse
Definite Inverse
I2T Without Limit
1903 Pickup
5 A CTs: 0.5-20 A or
1 A CTs: 0.1-4 A
(0.1 A steps)
1905 Time Dial
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
1906 Filter
rms or fundamental
1907 Impedance
0-90°
1908 Direction
Forward or Reverse
1910 Freeze Wfm 1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
1911 Freeze Wfm 2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
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Protective Function Configuration
The Directional Phase Time Overcurrent function can be
enabled or disabled (1901).
The Curve parameter (1902) allows the selection of the preprogrammed characteristic curve used by this function. The
ISGS relay comes with nine standard overcurrent characteristic curves that can be adjusted with the Time Dial parameter. The custom curve is a user-definable protective curve
that integrates with instantaneous reset. The lower limit of
the custom curve is 1.10. The maximum time to trip is the
time at 1.10.
The range of the pickup value (1903) depends on the secondary phase CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in secondary amperes. The function begins timing when any
individual phase current exceeds the pickup current setting.
The Time Dial parameter (1905) used for the selected curve
allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be raised or lowered
The dial can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1.
The Filter parameter (1906) sets the sensing method used by
the function in its pickup calculations. The rms filter uses fundamental current plus harmonics, while the fundamental filter
ignores harmonics.
Impedance (1907) sets the angle used by this function.
Impedance determines the direction of current flow being
measured and can be set from 0 to 90 degrees. The directional characteristic (line) in the complex impedance plane is
shown in Figure 5.2. The directional characteristic is always
perpendicular to the line impedance vector.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (1910 and 1911)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.10 Directional Neutral or Ground Time
Overcurrent (67N)
The Directional Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent function
uses a selected time overcurrent characteristic curve to
determine the trip time for the applied current at the fourth
current input, utilizing the voltages present on the VTs to
determine current direction. The defined characteristic
curves are valid over a range of multiple of pickup values.
The function also includes a customer defined curve. Refer
to Appendix A for detailed trip curve information. This function is only available if the voltage input option is installed.
A2000
Directional Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent
(67N)
Address Parameter
Option
2001
Function
Enabled or Disabled
2002
Curve
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse
Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T Without Limit
2003
Pickup
5 A CTs: 0.5-20 A or
1 A CTs: 0.1-4 A
(0.1 A steps)
2005
Time Dial
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2006
Filter
rms or fundamental
2007
Impedance
0-90°
2008
Direction
Forward or Reverse
2010
Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2011
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
The sensing direction (1908) can be set to forward or
reverse. The forward setting allows the directional protection
element to pickup on fault current only in the direction opposite to normal power flow.
The Directional Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent function
can be enabled or disabled (2001).
The Curve parameter (2002) allows the selection of the preprogrammed characteristic curve used by this function. The
ISGS relay comes with nine standard overcurrent characteristic curves that can be adjusted with the time dial parameter
(see below). The custom curve is a user-definable protective
curve that integrates with instantaneous reset. The lower limit
of the custom curve is 1.10. The maximum time to trip is the
time at 1.10.
Figure 5.2 Directional Characteristic
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Protective Function Configuration
The range of the pickup value (2003) depends on the secondary phase neutral CT rating (1 A or 5 A) and the value is in
secondary amperes. The function begins timing when any
individual neutral current exceeds the pickup current setting.
Note: The pickup point is 1.06 of the pickup setting. Refer also to paragraph on Pickup in
Section 5.1.
The Time Dial (2005) used for the selected curve allows the
time-to-trip of the curve to be raised or lowered The dial can
be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1.
5
The Filter (2006) sets the sensing method used by the function in its pickup calculations. The rms filter uses fundamental current plus harmonics, while the fundamental filter
ignores harmonics.
Impedance (2007) sets the angle used by this function. It
determines the direction of current flow being measured and
can be set from 0 to 90 degrees. The directional characteristic (line) in the complex impedance plane is shown in
Figure 5.2. The directional characteristic is always perpendicular to the line impedance vector.
The sensing direction (2008) can be set to forward or
reverse. The forward setting allows the directional protection
element to pickup on fault current only in the direction of normal power flow.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2010 and 2011)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The Overvoltage function can be enabled or disabled (2201).
The Curve parameter (2202) allows the selection of a definite
time delay or a characteristic curve. When the definite time
characteristic is selected, the time delay begins as soon as
the device goes into pickup. The inverse time characteristic
utilizes a moderate inverse curve using the time dial.
The Pickup Source Voltage parameter (2203) indicates the
VT connection. If the VTs are connected line-to-ground, the
device can pickup on line-to-line or line-to-ground voltages.
If the VTs are connected line-to-line, the VTs can only pickup
on line-to-line voltages. The maximum continuous voltage
across a VT input is 150 VAC.
The pickup value (2204) is in secondary volts ranging from
60 to 250 V. The function begins timing when any individual
phase voltage exceeds the pickup voltage setting.
The time delay (2205) represents the time between pickup
and trip and can be set when definite time is selected. The
delay can be adjusted from 0.1 to 60.0 seconds in steps of
0.01 second. If the function remains in pickup for longer than
the time delay, the function causes a trip. The delay can also
be set to infinity so that the function never times out.
The Time Dial parameter (2206) is used for the characteristic
curve. The dial allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be
raised or lowered. It can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps
of 0.1.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2210 and 2211)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The Directional Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent function
is able to actuate any binary output contact on pickup, and
any trip or binary output contact on trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.11 Overvoltage (59)
5.12 Undervoltage (27)
The Overvoltage function causes a trip if the rms value of any
of the line voltages exceeds a set level. This function is only
available if the voltage input option is installed.
The Undervoltage function causes a trip if the rms value of
any of the line voltages falls below a set level and can be useful for capturing power quality disturbances. This function is
only available if the voltage input option is installed.
A2200
Address
26
Overvoltage (59)
2300 Undervoltage 27
Parameter
Option
2201
Function
Enabled or Disabled
2202
Curve
Definite
Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Very Inverse
2203
Pickup Source V
Line-to-ground
Line-to-line
2303 Pickup Source V
Line-to-Neutral or Line-to-Line
2204
Pickup
60-250 V (0.1 V steps)
2304 Pickup
40-230 V (0.1 V steps)
2205
Time Delay (Def.)
0.1-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or infinity
2305 Time Delay (Def.)
0.1-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or infinity
2205
Time Dial (Inverse)
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2305 Time Dial (Inverse)
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2210
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2310 Freeze Wfm 2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2211
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2311 Freeze Wfm 2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
Address Parameter
Option
2301 Function
Enabled or Disabled
2302 Curve
Definite
Inverse
Moderately Inverse
Very Inverse
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Protective Function Configuration
The Undervoltage function can be enabled or disabled
(2301).
The 47 Phase Sequence Voltage function can be enabled or
disabled (2401).
The Curve parameter (2302) allows the selection of a definite
time delay or a characteristic curve. When the definite time
characteristic is selected, the time delay begins as soon as
the device goes into pickup. The inverse time characteristic
utilizes a moderate inverse curve using the time dial.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2410 and 2411)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
trip.
The Pickup Source Voltage parameter (2303) indicates the
VT connection. If the VTs are connected line-to-ground, the
device can pickup on line-to-line or line-to-ground voltages.
If the VTs are connected line-to-line, the VTs can only pickup
on line-to-line voltages. The maximum continuous voltage
across a VT input is 150 VAC.
The pickup value (2304) is in secondary volts ranging from
60 to 250 V. The function begins timing when any individual
phase voltage exceeds the pickup voltage setting.
The time delay (2305) represents the time between pickup
and trip and can be set when definite time is selected. The
delay can be adjusted from 0.1 to 60.0 seconds in steps of
0.01 second. If the function remains in pickup for longer than
the time delay, the function causes a trip. The delay can also
be set to infinity so that the function never times out.
The Time Dial parameter (2306) is used for the characteristic
curve. The dial allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be
raised or lowered. It can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps
of 0.1.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2310 and 2311)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.13 Phase Sequence Voltage (47)
The Phase Sequence Voltage function operates instantaneously if the correct system voltage phase sequence
defined in the hardware configuration is not present at the
device voltage inputs. This function will not respond if the
input to the device is less than 40 V line-to-line or 23.1 V lineto-neutral. The function operates without delay or inverse
time characteristic. It responds in 100 ms or less.
The Phase Sequence Voltage function can be used to prevent closure of a breaker. The assigned output contact would
be wired to open a contact in the breaker-close circuit and
remain activated until the line rotation is normal.
A2400
Address
Phase Sequence Protection (47)
Parameter
Option
2401
Function
Enabled or Disabled
2410
Freeze Wfm 1
on Trip, or None
2411
Freeze Wfm 2
on Trip, or None
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.14 Negative Sequence Voltage (47N)
The Negative Sequence Voltage function operates when the
percent negative sequence voltage exceeds the preset value
for a specified time. This function resets instantaneously
when the negative sequence voltage drops below pickup.
A2400
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N)
Address Parameter
Option
2451
Function
Enabled or Disabled
2452
Curve
Definite or Inverse
2453
Pickup
4-40% negative sequence
(1% steps)
2454
Time Delay (Def.)
0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or infinity
2455
Time Dial (Inverse)
0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2456
Max Time (Inverse)
1-250 s (1 s steps)
2457
Blocked at
40-120 V (1 V steps)
2460
Freeze Wfm 2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2461
Freeze Wfm 2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
The Negative Sequence Voltage function can be enabled or
disabled (2451).
The Curve parameter (2452) allows the selection of a definite
time delay or an inverse curve. The inverse time characteristic utilizes a moderate inverse curve using the time dial.
The pickup value (2453) ranges from 4% to 40% of negative
sequence voltage. The function begins timing when the percent of negative sequence voltage exceeds the preset value
for a specified time.
The time delay (2454) represents the time between pickup
and trip and can be set when definite time is selected. The
delay can be adjusted from 0 to 100 seconds in steps of
0.01 second. The delay can also be set to infinity so that the
function never times out.
The Time Dial parameter (2455) is used for the characteristic
curve. The dial allows the time-to-trip of the curve to be
raised or lowered. It can be adjusted from 0.1 to 9.9 in steps
of 0.1.
27
5
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Protective Function Configuration
When the curve is set to inverse, the Max Time parameter
(2456) sets an absolute maximum amount of time that the
function will remain in pickup regardless of the inverse curve.
The value ranges from 1 to 250 seconds and can be set in
steps of 1 second.
Blocking (2457) can be set from 40 to 120 V. Regardless of
the setting, the function is automatically blocked if the voltage drops below 40 V. An event will be generated when this
function is blocked due to an undervoltage condition.
5
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2460 and 2461)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.15 Overfrequency (81O)
The Overfrequency function has only a definite time characteristic and causes a time-delayed trip if the system line frequency rises above a set level.
A2500
Address
Overfrequency (81O)
Parameter
Option
2501
Function
Enabled or Disabled
2502
Pickup
Nominal frequency
60.1-65.0 Hz (0.1 Hz steps)
2504
Time Delay
0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or infinity
2505
Blocked at
40-120 V (at VT input)
(1 V steps)
2510
Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2511
Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
The Overfrequency function can be enabled or disabled
(2501).
The function begins timing when the frequency exceeds the
pickup frequency setting (2503).
The time delay (2504) represents the time between pickup
and trip. The delay can be adjusted from 0 to 100 seconds in
steps of 0.1 second. The delay can also be set to infinity so
that the function never times out.
Blocking (2506) can be set from 40 to 120 V. Regardless of
the setting, the function is automatically blocked if the voltage drops below 40 V. An event will be generated when this
function is blocked due to an undervoltage condition.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2510 and 2511)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
5.16 Underfrequency (81U)
The Underfrequency (81U) function has only a definite time
characteristic and causes a time-delayed trip if the system
line frequency drops below a set level. This function can be
useful for load shedding applications.
A2500 81U Underfrequency
Address Parameter
Option
2551 Function
Enabled or Disabled
2553 Pickup
Nominal frequency
55.0-59.9 Hz (0.1 Hz steps)
2554 Time Delay
0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or infinity
2556 Blocked at
40-120 V (at VT input)
(1 V steps)
2560 Freeze Wfm1
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
2561 Freeze Wfm2
on Pickup, on Trip, or None
The Underfrequency function can be enabled or disabled
(2551).
The function begins timing when the frequency drops below
the pickup frequency setting (2553).
The time delay (2554) represents the time between pickup
and trip. The delay can be adjusted from 0 to 100 seconds in
steps of 0.1 second. The delay can also be set to infinity so
that the function never times out.
Blocking (2556) can be set from 40 to 120 V. Regardless of
the setting, the function is automatically blocked if the voltage drops below 40 V. An event will be generated when this
function is blocked due to an undervoltage condition.
Each of the two waveform capture buffers (2560 and 2561)
can be independently programmed to freeze snapshots on
pickup or trip.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
5.17 Breaker Failure (50BF)
The Breaker Failure function responds to a fault condition
where any phase current being measured by the CTs does
not drop below a programmable level. Whenever another
protective function activates the contact identified by the
breaker parameter, (usually Trip 1), this function will wait until
the set amount of time has expired. Then it checks the phase
currents. If they are not equal to or less than the set pickup
value, the function executes its defined actions.
The function is able to actuate any binary output contact on
pickup, and any trip or binary output contact on trip.
28
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Protective Function Configuration
2800 50BF Breaker Failure
Address Parameter
Option
2801 Function
Enabled or Disabled
2802 Pickup
5 A CTs: 0.25-5 A
1 A CTs: 0.05-1 A
(0.01 A steps)
2804 Delay
8-254 cycles
2805 Check
current, breaker opened,
current or breaker opened
The 50BF Breaker Failure function can be enabled and disabled (2801). When enabled, the protective function begins
monitoring the current flow in the circuit following a trip command by the relay. Simultaneously, the protective function
starts a timer. If the current flow does not drop below the
pickup value specified (2802) and before the set time delay
(2804) has elapsed, a breaker failure is assumed. At this
point, another trip command can be issued to a different
breaker (via a different output ocntact if available).
The condition of a breaker failure trip depend on the method
chosen, the value of the current after the time has run out,
and the position of the a and b switches.
The range of the pickup value (2802) is based on the secondary phase CT rating and is in secondary amperes.
The time delay (2804) represents the time between pickup
and trip. The delay can be adjusted from 8 to 254 line cycles
of delay. The function operates if it remains in pickup for
longer than the time delay.
Breaker failure protection monitors the current flow only following a trip by the contact identified at address 1004 (see
Section 4.2). This is the contact matrixed to the overcurrent
protection.
Breaker position is sensed through dedicated binary inputs
that monitor the 52a and 52b switches on the breaker mechanism (breaker mounted). The 52a and 52b switches have a
total of four possible position combinations which can be
decoded as illustrated in Table 5.3. The 52a and 52b
switches referred to are those which traditionally provide indication of circuit breaker position (52b) and trip coil continuity
(52a). All error reporting can be enabled and disabled, and
the actions to be taken are configurable. Refer to
Section 6.6.
Table 5.3 52a and 52b Switches Decoding
52a Switch
Position
52b Switch
Position
Open
Open
Trip Coil Continuity Error, or
Breaker Withdrawn
Open
Closed
Circuit Breaker Open
Closed
Open
Breaker Closed
Closed
Closed
Circuit Breaker Mechanism Error
Condition Registered
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Exceptions to the normal operating conditions include the
presence of push-to-test switches across either the
a-switch, b-switch, or both. A push-to-test switch across the
b-switch will produce a false indication of a breaker mechanism error when the breaker is actually closed. A push-to
test switch across the a-switch (and hence across the trip
solenoid) will produce a false indication of a breaker mechanism error when the breaker is actually closed.
The Breaker Mechanism function (8305), when enabled,
senses an error in the mechanism that controls the position
of one or both switches (breaker mechanism error), causes
an action to be taken, and an event to be logged if the
switches are ever both closed for more than 100 ms. No
other time delay is implemented. When this function detects
an error, it is considered to be in pickup until the condition is
no longer present.
The ISGS relay considers the b-switch to be more reliable. If
it senses the switches both open at the same time, the
breaker is considered to have a trip coil continuity error or to
be withdrawn. The 52a switch closed and the 52b switch
open are interpreted as a closed breaker. If the relay senses
the 52a switch open and the 52b switch closed, the
breaker is considered to be open. Refer also to Table 5.3.
5.18 Demand Setpoints
The ISGS relay is capable of activating outputs and sending
events when predefined demand calculations exceed the set
thresholds. These setpoints can be enabled or disabled and
are capable of activating any output. Measurement and setpoint parameters in address block 3100 set the alarm reporting threshold for the ISGS relay.
The Demand Parameters function selects the time periods
for demand calculations performed by the relay and allows
the user to enable overcurrent demand and kilowatt demand
protection.
3100
Address
Demand Parameters
Parameter
Option
3101
Demand Interval
15, 30, 60 minutes
3102
Sync Time
0, 15, 30, or 45 after hour
3103
Subperiods 60
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, or 12
3104
Subperiods 30
1, 2, 3, or 6
3105
Subperiods 15
1 or 3
3106
I Av Dmd Function
Enabled or Disabled
3107
I Av Dmd Pickup
0-9999 A (1 A steps)
3108
KW Dmd Function
Enabled or Disabled
3109
KW Dmd Pickup
0-999,999 kW (1 kW steps)
Demand intervals (periods) are set to 15, 30, or 60 minutes
(3101). Demand calculations are updated at the end of every
demand period.
Demand period calculations can begin on the hour or at any
quarter hour afterwards. The intervals are indicated as 0, 15,
30, or 45 minutes and are set in the Sync Time parameter
(3102).
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Protective Function Configuration
Demand calculations are made every subperiod (3103,
3104, or 3105). The number of subperiods depends on the
length of the demand interval and is based on 10, the minimum number of monitoring intervals in a subperiod. For
example, a 15 minute interval can have one or three subperiods, a 30 minute interval can have 1, 2, 3, or 6 subperiods.
The length of a subperiod is your demand period divided by
the number of subperiods.
The Average Current Demand function can be enabled or
disabled (3106) in this Demand Setpoints function. When
enabled, the Overcurrent Demand function causes an alarm
if the average current demand value exceeds the setpoint.
5
The pickup value for the Average Current Demand function
(3107) ranges from 0 to 9999 A.
The Kilowatt Demand function (3108) can be enabled or disabled. When enabled, the Kilowatt Demand function causes
an alarm if the kilowatt demand value exceeds the setpoint.
The pickup value for the Kilowatt Demand function (3109)
ranges from 0 to 999,999 kW.
5.19 Power Setpoints
The ISGS relay is capable of activating outputs and sending
events when predefined power measurements exceed the
set thresholds. These setpoints can be enabled or disabled
and are capable of activating any output. Measurement and
setpoint parameters in address block 3200 set the alarm
reporting threshold for the ISGS relay.
The kVAR and the kVA functions (3201 and 3203) can be
enabled or disabled. If enabled, the functions cause an alarm
if the kVAR or the kVA value exceeds the setpoint for the preset time delay.
The kVAR and the kVA function pickup value (3202 and
3204) ranges from 0 to 999,999 kVAR or kVA.
The time delay for kVAR and kVA can be adjusted from 0 to
3600 seconds in steps of 1 second.
The leading or lagging power factor function can be enabled
or disabled (3207 and 3211). If one of the functions is
enabled, it causes an alarm if the power factor value leads or
lags the setpoint.
The threshold for both leading and lagging power factors
(3208 and 3212) ranges from 0.2 to 1.0 in steps of 0.1.
The sign for the leading or lagging power factor (3209 and
3213) can be set to lead or lag.
The time delay for both leading and lagging power factors
can be adjusted from 0 to 3600 seconds in steps of 1 second.
The leading setpoint will react if the measured power factor
leads the setpoint for the set delay time. The lagging setpoint
will react if the measured power factor lags the setpoint for
the set delay time.
The Power Setpoints function allows the setting of all power
setpoints.
3200 Power Setpoints
Address
30
Parameter
Selection
3201
KVAR Function
Enabled or Disabled
3202
KVAR Pickup
0-999,999 kVAR (1 kVAR steps)
(default is 100000)
3203
KVAR Time Delay
0-3600 s (1 s steps)
(default is 1800)
3204
KVA Function
Enabled or Disabled
3205
KVA Pickup
0-999,999 kVA (1 kVA steps)
3206
KVA Time Delay
0-3600 s (1 s steps)
(default is 1800)
3207
PF Lead Function
Enabled or Disabled
3208
PF Lead Pickup
0.2-1.0 (0.1 steps)
(default is 0.8)
3209
PF Lead Sign
lag or lead
3210
PF Lead Delay
0-3600 s (1 s steps)
(default is 1800)
3211
PF Lag Function
Enabled or Disabled
3212
PF Lag Pickup
0.2-1.0 (0.1 steps)
(default is 0.8)
3213
PF Lag Sign
lag or lead
3214
PF Lag Delay
0-3600 s (1 s steps)
(default is 1800)
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Control & Communications
6 Control & Communications
6.1 Matrixing Events to Outputs
One of the powerful functions of the ISGS relay is its ability to
send control outputs based on inputs from the real world.
This process of assigning various outputs to various inputs is
called matrixing. Utilities in Europe call this marshalling. Since
most customers in America are not familiar with this term and
because the word configuring is used in too many other contexts, we use the more specific word matrixing. The inputs
that can be used to control outputs can be binary (on/off)
inputs and communication events. The binary inputs determine if a certain type of protection is being violated and can
close a trip contact or binary output based on the intelligence
of the relay. The outputs can be trip contacts or binary outputs. Figure 6.1 shows in general form how the outputs can
be controlled by various inputs. The outputs can also be
controlled by a command from an external communication
device on the network; this input is called a Communication
Event. The ISGS relay offers four binary inputs (BI 1, BI 2,
BI 3, and BI 4), two binary outputs (BO 1, BO 2), and three
trip contacts (Trip 1, Trip 2, and Trip 3). Matrixing is used for
blocking and event-driven functions as well as for binary
input and setpoint functions.
A physical input is a hardware connection to the relay such
as binary input 1 (BI 1). A logical input is an input to a function internal to the relay such as the blocking input for undervoltage (protective function, 27) (see Section 5.12). The
logical input can only be activated if it is matrixed to the
physical input. Connecting the physical input BI 1 to the logical input for function number 27 allows BI 1 to block PF27
when active. Up to 10 logical inputs can be matrixed to each
output contact.
Events
Outputs
Output Contact
or
Trip Contact
or
Binary Output
Event 1
50HS
Output 1
Event 2
27
Event 3
50N
6
Output 2
Comm
Event
Output 3
Figure 6.1 Matrixing Inputs to Outputs
A physical output is a trip contact or binary output (BO). A
logical output is the output of a function internal to the relay
such us Pickup, which is active when function 27 is in
pickup. Connecting a logical output to a physical output
allows function 27 to trip (actuate a contact). Up to 20 logical
outputs can be matrixed to each output contact.
Note: Matrixing includes defining which protective
functions actuate an output contact, and
which output contact they actuate. Matching
the output connections of the relay with the
wiring connections of the protective circuit,
including the connections to the circuit
breaker, is extremely important. If the matrixing of the ISGS relay is changed, doublecheck the wiring of the protective circuit, and
always test that the operation of a protective
function results in the circuit breaker tripping.
Without matrixing, an event will cause an entry in the Event
Log, but nothing will happen with the outputs and no control
activity will occur. With matrixing, an event can cause the
relay to trip a breaker (for example) as well as causing an
entry in the Event Log.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Control & Communications
Matrixing Procedure
The following steps provide a detailed description on how to
matrix the ISGS relay manually using the front panel LCD and
keypad. Before matrixing the relay, ensure that power is
applied to the relay which is indicated by the lit system LED
(green).
Table 6.1 Matrixing Procedure
How to Matrix Inputs to Outputs
Step
Description
Press Direct Addr key; enter block address of one of the
matrix functions (6100, 6200, or 6400) using the numeric
keypad; press Enter key.
OR
1
6
Press Direct Addr key; enter the address of the desired
parameter using the numeric keypad; press Enter key.
Skip to step 4.
A complete list of ISGS relay parameters is provided in
Appendix C.
2
Use Single Arrow keys to scroll to the desired address.
3
Press F key once; use Single Arrow keys to scroll to the
desired matrix position (001-020)
4
Press Password key; enter your level 3 password followed by Enter key. The message “PW THREE
ACCEPTED” appears. Press Enter key again to return to
the screen displayed last before password entry.
For password levels, proper password entry, and display
messages, refer to Section 3.3.
The display cursor located next to the address is blinking
(otherwise repeat step 4). Press No key until the desired
parameter option appears on display. Press Enter key to
set the displayed option.
5
Your settings can be undone any time while still in the
same address block by simply returning to the parameter
and assigning a new value.
Use Single Arrow keys to move to the next matrix position to change additional parameters, or proceed to the
next step.
6
32
Press F key. At the blinking cursor position, the letter F is
displayed. Press Enter key. Message “SAVE NEW SETTINGS?” appears.
7
Press Yes key followed by Enter key to save settings and
reset relay to new parameters. Message “NEW SETTINGS SAVED” appears.
8
Press Enter key to return to screen displayed last before
starting saving procedure.
Wisdom Software
While the ISGS relay can be matrixed manually using the
keypad and LCD, Wisdom configuring and analysis software
allows faster and easier configuration by connecting a PC
installed to either data port. For data port connections refer
to Section 2.5.1. All binary inputs, binary outputs, and the
trip contacts can be simply checked off inside the configuration window of protective and other functions. Refer to
Chapter 8 for more description of how this can be done with
Wisdom software.
Press No key to abort any changes made. Message
“SAVING PROCEDURE ABORTED” appears.
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Control & Communications
6.2 Binary Inputs
6.3 Binary Outputs
Binary inputs are optically-isolated voltage level sensors with
a fixed threshold. The input is considered activated if voltage
above the threshold is applied and de-activated if no voltage
or voltage below the threshold is applied.
The ISGS relay offers two binary outputs. The options at
each matrix position are displayed in the sequence listed in
the table below.
The status of the binary inputs is monitored whether they are
configured or not. As a result, the relay logs events when any
binary input changes state (from active to de-active or vice
versa).
Actions matrixed to binary inputs have the choice of being
performed when the binary input is activated (Hi) or deactivated (Lo). For example, BI1 >blk 50 Hi means that 50 is
blocked when BI1 is activated. And BI1 >blk 50 Lo means
that 50 is blocked when BI1 is de-activated.
The ISGS relay displays the options at each matrix position in
the sequence listed in the table below.
6200 Binary Outputs
Address
Parameter
Matrix
Option
Position
6201 Output 1 001
(BO 1)
to
020
(Options
apply to
each
matrix
position)
6100 Binary Inputs
Address
Parameter
6101 Input 1
Matrix
Position
001
to
010
(Options
apply to
each
matrix
position)
Option
Option (cont.)
not matrixed
Frz.Buff1 Hi
Frz.Buff1 Lo
Frz.Buff2 Hi
Frz.Buff2 Lo
blk 47N Hi
blk 47N Lo
blk 47 Hi
blk 47 Lo
blk 81U Hi
blk 81U Lo
blk 81O Hi
blk 81O Lo
blk 50 Hi
blk 50 Lo
blk 50N Hi
blk 50N Lo
blk 50HS Hi
blk 50HS Lo
blk 50HSN Hi
blk 50HSN Lo
blk 51N Hi
blk 51N Lo
blk 59 Hi
blk 59 Lo
blk 27 Hi
blk 27 Lo
blk 67 Hi
blk 67 Lo
blk 67N Hi
blk 67N Lo
blk 50BF Hi
blk 50BF Lo
blk ComEvt Hi
blkComEvt Lo
SwitchPara Hi
SwitchPara Lo
BI1 Hi
BI1 Lo
BI2 Hi
BI2 Lo
BI3 Hi
BI3 Lo
BI4 Hi
BI4 Lo
6102 Input 2
001-010
(same as Input 1 above)
6103 Input 3
001-010
(same as Input 1 above)
6104 Input 4
001-010
(same as Input 1 above)
6202 Output 2 001-020
(BO 2)
not matrixed
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
Error Sum I
Error Sym I
Error Sym V
OC Pickup
OC Trip
Non OC PU
Non OC Trip
Relay Pickup
Relay Tripped
no f
f <>
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Pickup
81O Trip
UV blks 81O
81U Pickup
81U Trip
UV blks 81U
47N Pickup
47N Trip
UV blks 47N
50HS blks 50
50HSN blks 50
50 Pickup
50 Trip
50HS blks 50N
50HSN blks
50N
50N Pickup
50N Trip
50HS blks 51
50HSN blks 51
Option (cont.)
51 Pickup
51 Trip
50HS blks 51N
50HSN blks
51N
51N Pickup
51N Trip
67 Pickup
67 Trip
67N Pickup
67N Trip
27 Pickup
27 Trip
59 Pickup
59 Trip
47 Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrBrAmps PU
OvrAmpsDmd
PU
OvrkWDmd PU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
50BF Trip
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
CommEvent 5
(same as Output 1 above)
On power-on or reset, the relay creates an internal state
change of all binary inputs to determine whether they are
active or inactive, and it performs all actions corresponding
to their condition and matrixing accordingly.
Binary inputs can be matrixed to disable the acceptance of
communication events.
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6.4 Trip Contacts
6.6 Breaker Monitoring
The ISGS relay offers up to three trip contacts which are
monitored by the microprocessor. Trip contacts may be configured by the user to trip the relay based on any of a number
of functions. Trip contact reaction time is about 4.5 ms.
To increase the security of the protective system, it is helpful
to monitor several parameters directly from the switchgear.
The ISGS relay can monitor the components such as the 52a
and the 52b switches, the traditional circuit breaker position
lamps, and the tripping voltage supply.
The relay displays the options at each matrix position in the
sequence listed in the table below.
6400 Trip Contacts
Address
Parameter
Matrix
Position
6401 Contact 1 001
to
020
6
(Options
apply to
each
matrix
position)
Option
Option (cont.)
not matrixed
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
OC Trip
NonOC Trip
Relay Tripped
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Trip
81U Trip
47N Trip
50 Trip
50N Trip
51 Trip
51N Trip
67 Trip
67N Trip
27 Trip
59 Trip
47 Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OBrAmps PU
OvrAmpsDmd PU
OkWDmd PU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA PU
PFLag PU
PFLead PU
50BF Trip
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
CommEvent 5
The 52a and 52b switches have a total of four possible position combinations which can be decoded as illustrated in
Table 6.1. The 52a and 52b switches referred to are those
which traditionally provide indication of circuit breaker position (52b) and trip coil continuity (52a). All error reporting can
be enabled and disabled, and the actions to be taken are
configurable.
Table 6.1 52a and 52b Switches Decoding
52a Switch
Position
52b Switch
Position
Open
Open
Trip Coil Continuity Error, or
Breaker Withdrawn
Open
Closed
Circuit Breaker Open
Closed
Open
Breaker Closed
Closed
Closed
Circuit Breaker Mechanism Error
Condition Registered
The ISGS relay monitors:
•
breaker position
•
trip coil continuity
trip source impedance.
6402 Contact 2 001-020
(same as Contact 1 above)
•
6403 Contact 3 001-020
(same as Contact 1 above)
Breaker position is sensed through dedicated binary inputs
that monitor the 52a and 52b switches on the breaker mechanism (breaker mounted). Trip coil continuity is monitored by
continually sensing a current that flows through the trip coil.
Trip source impedance is checked using a switchable electronic load across the trip voltage supply.
6.5 Comm Events
Protective functions are internally generated events that can
trip a relay. For the protection to function properly, the processor interprets these events (inputs) and makes a decision.
Communication (Comm) events are externally generated
messages that can trip a relay without any interpretation.
This remote communication allows Comm events to control
outputs (contacts), such as opening a breaker; or switch
parameter sets if matrixed to a binary input. Comm events
are sent from a PC or other devices on the RS-232 or
RS-485 networks.
Comm events can be blocked (disabled) with binary inputs to
prevent remote parameterization during service periods or as
a general safety measure. Refer to the list of binary inputs in
Section 6.2.
8300 Breaker Monitoring
Address
Function/
Parameter
Options
8301
TripSrcImp
Enabled or Disabled
8302
TripSrcFail
Yes or No
8303
TrpCoil Cont
Enabled or Disabled
8304
TrpCoilFail
Yes or No
8305
BrkrMech
Enabled or Disabled
Exceptions to the normal operating conditions include the
presence of push-to-test switches across either the
a-switch, b-switch, or both. A push-to-test switch across the
b-switch will produce a false indication of a breaker mechanism error when the breaker is actually closed. A push-to
test switch across the a-switch (and hence across the trip
solenoid) will produce a false indication of a breaker mechanism error when the breaker is actually closed.
34
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The Trip Source Impedance parameter (8301) can be
enabled or disabled. When enabled, the circuit periodically
monitors the trip supply voltage (auxiliary voltage, station battery) and will perform an action (for example, close a binary
output) should the voltage drop below ANSI minimum values. Monitoring the trip source (auxiliary power) to detect
bad connections and weak batteries is done by periodically
drawing a small current from the trip supply and monitoring
the subsequent sag in the voltage. Using averaging techniques, the trip source impedance can be estimated. Based
on this estimate, an error message is given if the source voltage drops below ANSI minimum values during a trip event.
When the function is enabled, it can cause the actuation of
any of the output contacts. This circuit can function only in
true DC trip systems. It should be disabled and the inputs left
disconnected when the device is used in AC trip systems.
The Trip Source Fail parameter of the Trip Source Impedance
function (8302), when set to yes, allows the relay fail contact
to be asserted when the monitoring function detects an error.
When set to no, the relay fail contact is not affected.
The Trip Coil Continuity function (8303), when enabled,
senses a trip coil continuity error, causes an action to be
taken, and logs the event if the 52a and 52b switches are
ever both open at the same time for more than 100 ms. No
other time delay is implemented. When the function detects
the error, the function is considered to be in pickup until the
condition is no longer present.
The Trip Coil Fail parameter of the Trip Coil Continuity function (8304), when set to yes, allows the relay fail contact to
be asserted when the monitoring function detects an error.
When set to no, the relay fail contact is not affected.
Because the 52b switch does not need to interrupt the current through the trip coil, it provides a reliable indication of
breaker position: when it is open, the breaker is considered
closed. The practice (in DC trip systems) of placing a red status indicator lamp in series with the trip coil allows a convenient method for monitoring the continuity of the trip coil.
When the circuit breaker is closed, the 52a switch is closed
and the voltage across them and the trip coil is small
because most of the voltage drop occurs across the indicating lamp circuit. If the trip coil is open or the a-switch is
defective, an error condition exists and an alarm can be generated. An exception is a breaker withdrawn for servicing.
The Breaker Mechanism function (8305), when enabled,
senses an error in the mechanism that controls the position
of one or both switches (breaker mechanism error), causes
an action to be taken, and an event to be logged if the
switches are ever both closed for more than 100 ms. No
other time delay is implemented. When this function detects
an error, it is considered to be in pickup until the condition is
no longer present.
6.7 Logs and Breaker Monitor Reset
With the Reset function, the user can independently reset
logs and breaker monitoring functions. Performing the reset
operation for an individual category will reset all values within
that category to zero, but new values are tracked immediately. The Resets address block also includes functions to
set the number of breaker operations and the sum of interrupted current on each phase.
8200 Resets
Address
Function
Option/Display
8201
Trip Log
yes, in progress, successful
8202
Min/Max Values
yes, successful
8203
Energy
yes, successful
8204
Breaker Ops
yes, successful
8205
Sum I interrupted
yes, in progress, successful
8211
Breaker Ops
(Counter)
0-65535
8212
Sum IL1
0-99999 kA (0.01 kA steps)
8213
Sum IL2
0-99999 kA (0.01 kA steps)
8214
Sum IL3
0-99999 kA (0.01 kA steps)
6
The Trip Log reset function (8201) can be set to yes to reset
the values in all trip logs. This function requires a password.
When the parameter is activated by setting it to yes, the LCD
displays the message “IN PROGRESS” followed by the message “SUCCESSFUL”.
Resetting the minimum and maximum logs with the Min/Max
Values reset function (8202) discards all current values, but
new minimum and maximum values are tracked immediately.
The Energy reset function (8203) resets all demand values.
The Breaker Operations reset function (8204) resets the
breaker operations counter.
The sum of interrupted current reset function resets the sum
of interrupted current for each phase (8205).
The Breaker Operations (Counter) reset function (8211) sets
the number of breaker operations, for example, when moving the breaker to a cubicle protected by an ISGS relay
where the previous breaker had a different operations count.
The Sum of Interrupted Current for phases A, B, and C reset
functions (8212, 8213, 8214) can be set from 0 to 99999 kA.
The ISGS relay considers the b-switch to be more reliable. If
it senses the switches both open at the same time, the
breaker is considered to have a trip coil continuity error or to
be withdrawn. The 52a switch closed and the 52b switch
open are interpreted as a closed breaker. If the relay senses
the 52a switch open and the 52b switch closed, the
breaker is considered to be open. Refer also to Table 6.1.
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Control & Communications
6.8 Breaker Operations Count
Breaker Operations refers to the number of times the device
has opened the breaker. The Breaker Operation function
allows the setting of the breaker monitoring parameters.
The Sum of Interrupted Current is the total sum of the currents that were interrupted by these breaker openings. The
setpoint is triggered when any phase exceeds the set limit.
3500
Address
6
Breaker Operation
Parameter
Selection
3501
Int. I Function
Enabled or Disabled
3502
Int. I Pickup
0-9999.90 kA
(0.01 kA steps)
3503
Brks Ops Function
Disabled or Enabled
3504
Brks Ops Counter
0-65535
The Circuit Name (7401) identifies a relay, breaker, bus, or
feeder which your ISGS relay is protecting. This string (up to
16 characters) is user-definable with Wisdom software.
Accessing this parameter through the keypad allows only the
display of this string.
All circuit boards installed in your ISGS relay are provided
with a serial number and a special identification number.
These numbers can be displayed by accessing addresses
7403 to 7407.
Similar to the firmware version identification number of your
ISGS relay described in Section 4.1, the serial and identification numbers of your main board and optional board(s)
help Siemens track the versions and options available on
your boards.
Binary Inputs (7408) displays the status of the binary inputs
as illustrated in Figure 6.2. The status updates automatically
as they change.
The Interrupted I (current) Function (3501) can be enabled or
disabled. When enabled, the function generates an event
(which can be matrixed to an output contact) when the interrupted current exceeds the pickup value. The interrupted
current pickup value (3502) can be set to any value from 0 to
9999.90 kA in steps of 0.01 kA.
The Breaker Operations Function (3503) can be enabled or
disabled. When enabled, the function counts the breaker
operations since the last reset.
The Breaker Operations Counter (3504) can be set from 0 to
65535.
6.9 Hardware Status (Relay Data)
The Relay Data function provides additional hardware information on the ISGS relay, shows all set binary inputs and
outputs, and displays a relay identification string.
7400 Relay Data
Address
36
Data
Description
7401 Circuit Name
String of up to 16 characters
7402 MainBd S/N
Serial number of main board
7403 MainBd ID
ID number of main board
7404 OptBd1 S/N
Serial number of option board 1
7405 OptBd1 ID
ID number of option board 1
7406 OptBd2 S/N
Serial number of option board 2
7407 OptBd2 ID
ID number of option board 2
7408 Bin. Inputs
Binary input status
7409 Bin. Outputs
Output contact status
Figure 6.2 Binary Input Status
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Control & Communications
Binary Outputs (7409) displays the output contact status as
illustrated in Figure 6.3. The status updates automatically as
they change.
 V > 25 V  AND  V < 0.33 V 
 1

 2
1
AND  I < 0.167 I  OR  I < 0.1 I 
2
1
1
N
where V1 = positive sequence voltage
I2 = negative sequence current
I1 = positive sequence current
IN = nominal current (1 or 5 A)
Therefore, a voltage balance alarm in the absence of a current unbalance alarm is a good indication that a fuse is
blown. If a current unbalance alarm were also active, it would
indicate the presence of negative sequence current and
therefore a fault rather than a blown VT fuse.
3400
Address
Value Supervision
Parameter
Selection
3401
Function V Bal
Enabled or Disabled
Figure 6.3 Output Contact Status
3402
Pickup V Bal
40-120 V (0.1 V steps)
(default is 100)
6.10 Self-Monitoring (Value Supervision)
3404
Factor V Bal
0.58-0.95 (0.01 steps)
(default is 0.8)
Value supervision refers to the relay’s ability to monitor its
own input and measurement functions for problems. The
complete chain, from input transformers up to and including
the A/D converter internal to the ISGS, is monitored by a
plausibility check on the measured values. These checks
consist of voltage balance checks, current balance checks,
and current summation checks.
3411
Function I Sum
Enabled or Disabled
3412
Pickup I Sum
5 A CTs: 0.5-5 A
1 A CTs: 0.1-1 A
(0.1 A steps)
3414
Factor I Sum
0.10-0.95 (0.01 steps)
(default is 0.1)
3421
Function I Bal
Enabled or Disabled
3422
Pickup I Bal
5 A CTs: 0.5-5 A
1 A CTs: 0.1-1 A
(0.1 A steps)
3424
Factor I Bal
0.10-0.95 (0.01 steps)
(default is 0.8)
Voltage or current balance checks can be performed to
detect open or short circuits in the external transformers and
their connections. Current summation checks are performed
on the instantaneous samples of the A/D converter.
A useful application of the current and voltage balance and
monitoring functions is the detection of blown VT fuses. A
blown fuse condition can be said to exist when the following
conditions are present:
Voltage is present but unbalanced,
AND
current is present but NOT unbalanced.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Voltage Balance
The Voltage Balance function can be enabled or disabled
(3401). When enabled, the function monitors the phase voltages to see if they are approximately balanced (of equal
magnitude). Balance is defined as the ratio of minimum to
maximum voltage, where the maximum voltage is the largest
and the minimum voltage the smallest of the three voltages
determined by the way the relay is connected (line-to-line or
line-to-neutral).
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Control & Communications
∑
6
Figure 6.5 Current Sum Threshold
Figure 6.4 Voltage Balance Threshold
Monitoring is done when the maximum voltage is larger than
the voltage balance pickup value. The voltage is considered
balanced and will not cause an alarm if the voltage min/max
ratio is larger than the voltage balance factor. The voltage is
unbalanced and will cause an alarm if the min/max ratio is
smaller than the voltage balance factor.
Failure of this check will cause an event Voltage Balance
Error. This event can activate an output contact.
The voltage balance pickup value (3402) can be set from 40
to 120 V in steps of 1 V. If one of the three phase voltages is
above the preset threshold, the function checks for balance.
The voltage balance factor indicates the amount of unbalance tolerated before the function generates an alarm
(3404). It ranges from 0.58 to 0.95 and can be set in steps of
0.01.
Current Summation
The Current Summation function can be enabled or disabled
(3411). When enabled, it monitors the instantaneous samples of the A/D converter using the currents flowing into all
four relay CTs regardless of whether there are four primary
CTs connected or not. The calculation is therefore valid for
systems with both residual connections or explicit neutral/
ground/zero sequence CTs.
38
Failure of this check will cause an event Current Summation
Error. This event can activate an output contact.
The pickup value (3412) for the current summation check
depends on the secondary phase CT rating and the value is
in secondary amperes. The value for 5 A CTs ranges from
0.5 A to 5.0 A; and the value for 1 A CTs ranges from 0.1 to
1.0 A. Both values can be set in steps of 0.1 A. If one of the
three phase currents is above the preset threshold, the monitoring function is activated.
The current summation factor indicates allowable compensation for differences between primary CTs (3414). It ranges
from 0.1 to 0.95 and can be set in steps of 0.01. This factor
is important under high fault currents or when CTs are operated closely to their rated current.
Current Balance
The Current Balance function can be enabled or disabled
(3421). When enabled, the function monitors the phase currents to see if they are approximately balanced (of equal
magnitude). Balance is defined as the ratio of minimum to
maximum current, where the maximum current is the largest
and the minimum current the smallest of the three phase currents.
Current balance monitoring is done when the maximum current is larger than the current balance pickup value. The current is considered balanced and will not cause an alarm if the
current min/max ratio is larger than the current balance factor. The current is unbalanced and will cause an alarm if the
min/max ratio is smaller than the current balance factor.
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Control & Communications
6.11 Parameter Sets
The ISGS relay can be programmed to operate with either of
two parameter sets—set A or set B. Separate parameter
sets are programmed to satisfy separate user defined conditions, such as seasonal considerations or special operating
periods. For example, set A may be used for protective settings used in the summertime, whereas set B might comprise the settings appropriate to winter, when lower ambient
temperatures could allow higher loading than in the summer.
Alternatively, set A might be configured for normal production
periods, with set B reserved for construction or periodic
shutdown periods. The choice of two separate parameter
sets prevents the need to reconfigure the relay when conditions change and different parameter settings are desired.
Figure 6.2 shows the use of these parameter sets. The values in set A or B may be chosen as the active set, and are
thus put in the relay’s memory for easy access. The default
set includes all the factory default values and these values
are stored in long-term memory.
Default
Set
Figure 6.6 Current Balance Threshold
Copy
Failure of this check will cause an event Current Balance
Error. This event can activate an output contact.
The pickup value (3422) for the current balance check
depends on the secondary phase CT rating and the value is
in secondary amperes. For 5 A CTs, the value ranges from
0.5 to 5.0 A; and the value for 1 A CTs ranges from 0.1 to
1.0 A. Both values can be set in steps of 0.1 A. If one of the
three phase currents is above the preset threshold, the monitoring function is activated.
The current balance factor indicates the amount of unbalance tolerated before the function generates an alarm
(3424). This factor is provided to compensate for differences
between primary CTs. It ranges from 0.1 to 0.95 and can be
set in steps of 0.01.
Set B
Set A
Save
Activate
Save
Active
Set
Figure 6.2 Parameter Set Actions
7101
Parameter Set
Address
Parameter
Description
7101
Active Set
Displays active parameter set
(A or B)
7103
Activation
Activate set A or set B
7104
Copy Default to A
Copy default set to set A
7105
Copy Default to B
Copy default set to set B
7106
Copy A to B
Copy set A to set B
7107
Copy B to A
Copy set B to set A
Only certain protective function parameters have two settings. All A settings are grouped under parameter set A, and
all B settings are grouped under parameter set B. Each
parameter set automatically includes all the regular parameters that can be programmed to only one setting at a time
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Control & Communications
and, therefore, apply to both sets. Examples are protective
function enable settings and matrixed output contacts such
as waveform buffers and blocking. All parameter set functions require a password.
6.11.1 Active Set
The active parameter set refers to the parameter set that is
currently used by the ISGS relay—set A or set B. The Active
Set parameter (7101) indicates which set is currently active
on the LCD using the letter A or B.
Refer to Section 6.11.3 on how to make a parameter set the
active set.
6.11.2 Default Set
6
The default set refers to factory default parameter settings.
These are stored in read-only memory (ROM) and cannot be
overwritten. The default set cannot become an active set in
itself, it has to be copied to either set A or set B (7104 and
7105).
6.11.3 Switching Sets
A parameter set can be made active by selecting the desired
set in the Activation parameter (7103). Switching between
sets requires 4.5 seconds.
Note: Switching the parameter sets could cause a
trip if the pickups are set lower than in the
previous set. View the settings before activating the new set.
Switching between parameter sets for viewing and configuring parameter settings is possible regardless of address or
address level currently displayed by the LCD, or whether the
parameter can be configured to an alternate setting.
2.
Press Enter. The parameter set has switched to the
alternate set. The LCD displays the same address and
function as before the switch, but the address prefix has
changed to the letter representing the displayed parameter set. The alternate parameter may or may not contain a value depending on whether the alternate
parameter had been configured before.
B1502 Pickup 50
If the parameter was not configurable to an alternate set
(had no prefix), the display will not have changed.
Note: Switching the parameter sets for viewing
and configuration does not make the alternate set active.
For detailed descriptions on how to display, configure, save,
and switch parameters, and when to use a password, refer
to the standard operating procedures in Section 3.5.
Exceptions to the switching of sets are binary inputs, binary
outputs, and the trip contacts in the 6000 address blocks.
For these parameter settings, the relay retains these values
regardless of the parameter set. For example, if the output
contact is set while set A is active, switching to set B will not
change the output contact setting.
6.11.4 Copying Sets
Parameter settings for set A can be copied to set B and vice
versa (7106 and 7107). Factory default settings can also be
copied to either set A or set B (7104 and 7105), but no
parameter set can override the default settings.
A1502 Pickup 50
110 A
1.
At any address, press the F key
A1502FPickup 50
110 A
followed by either 1 (set A) or 2 (set B).
The LCD displays the following message:
PARAMETER SET
COPIED TO EDIT
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Control & Communications
6.12 Communications Port
The Configure Communications Port function lets the user
change the communications parameters for the ISGS relay.
7200 Configure Communications Port
Address
Parameter
Options
7201 Local Port (front)
2400, 4800, 9600, 19,200 baud
7202 System Port (rear)
2400, 4800, 9600, 19,200 baud
7203 Parameter Change
Enabled or Disabled
7204 Comm Events
Enabled or Disabled
7207 Local Address
1-254
A lower level password does not allow you to scroll to a
higher level password parameter. But the higher level password always lets you move to the lower level(s). For example,
entering the level 2 password allows you to view and change
the passwords for level 2 and level 1, but the same password
does not provide access to view or change the level 3 password.
6.14 Date and Time Setting
The Date and Time Setting function sets the date and time of
the ISGS relay to match it with other connected devices and
to provide an accurate setting for event and trip information.
8100 Date and Time Setting
Address
The ISGS relay can connect at 2400, 4800, 9600, and
19,200 baud at both ports (7201 and 7202). Higher baud
rates will improve response and update rate, but slower PCs
may lose characters due to the high rate. Both ports can be
operated at different baud rates and simultaneously.
Data
Range
8101
Current Date
01/01/1970 00:00:00
8102
Set Date
mm.dd.yyyy
8103
Set Time
hh.mm.ss
6
The Parameter Change function can be enabled or disabled.
When enabled, this function allows the remote change of the
parameter sets (A or B).
The Current Date parameter (8101) displays the present date
and time on the clock in the ISGS relay. The date and time is
used to stamp the event and trip logs.
The Comm Events function can be enabled or disabled
(7204). When enabled, this function allows remote activation
of the breaker and binary outputs. The function can be disabled to prevent remote access during service periods or as
a general security measure. For more information on Comm
Events, refer to Section 6.5.
The date can be changed with the Set Date parameter
(8102). To enter the date, separate the month, day, and year
with a decimal point. Each field must contain two digits with
the exception of the year field which must contain four digits
(mm.dd.yyyy).
The Local Address parameter (7207) can be changed by
entering a value from 1 to 254 to assign the local SEAbus
address. Make sure that the new address does not represent
a duplicate address of another device connected to the
communications loop.
6.13 Passwords
The Configure Passwords function allows the change or display of the three passwords. This function requires your old
password before you can access the individual parameters.
All passwords can consist of one to five digits.
7300 Configure Passwords
Address
Parameter
Range
7301 CW-Level 1
1 to 5 digits
7302 CW-Level 2
1 to 5 digits
7303 CW-Level 3
1 to 5 digits
The time can be changed with the Set Time parameter
(8103). To enter the time, separate hours, minutes, and seconds with a decimal point. Each field must contain two digits
(hh.mm.ss).
Note: The clock in an ISGS relay is not a real-time
clock. It has no battery backup and will drift
over time.
If the relay is connected to an ACCESS system, the supervisory software used for this system, for example, WinPM,
reads all relays and synchronizes their clocks. If the relay is
not connected to an ACCESS system, date and time should
be set periodically, at least once a day, for accurate event
and trip information. Date and time must always be reset
after a loss of control power.
When reading events, the time can be off as much as 10 ms
because events (inputs) are not interrupt driven; they are
polled about every 10 ms. Binary inputs are also slower than
protective functions; events can be reported later even if they
occurred earlier.
Only the level 3 password (7303) can set all passwords. Use
this level if you intend to change all passwords. Level 1 and
level 2 passwords (7301 and 7302) can be displayed and
changed by entering the respective level password.
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Notes:
6
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Data Acquisition
7 Data Acquisition
The ISGS relay provides several forms of data acquisition
and display to give the user the most comprehensive picture
of the power system. This data includes:
•
event log for monitoring functions and status changes
•
trip logs, including date and time of trip
•
minimum/maximum logs for storing metering data
•
individual metering data
•
waveform captures
7.1 Event Log
The event log is a chronological record of the last 127 significant events that occur during operation of the relay and is
stored in nonvolatile memory. These events include operational events, such as enabling or disabling protective elements; and fault events, such as pickup and trip. Each entry
in the log provides a description of the event and its time (to
nearest millisecond) and date of occurrence.
The event log cannot be viewed through the ISGS relay operator panel. It can only be viewed after being retrieved through
one of the relay communication ports using either Wisdom or
WinPM software.
Figure 7.2 Sample Trip Log Data Display (from Wisdom)
7
5100 to Trip Logs
5800
Data
Description
001
Trip Number
Date and event record number
002
Pickup Time
Time of the event to the nearest
millisecond
003
Pickup
The function that picked up
004
Phase
The phase that picked up
005
I1
Current at pickup for phase 1
006
I2
Current at pickup for phase 2
007
I3
Current at pickup for phase 3
Events that require special attention appear in the event log
in red when displayed on a PC. The entire event log can be
saved to a file (for later viewing or printing) using Wisdom
software. For information on Wisdom software, refer to
Chapter 8.
008
IN
Ground current at pickup
009
V1
Voltage at pickup phase 1 (1-2*)
010
V2
Voltage at pickup phase 2 (2-3*)
011
V3
Voltage at pickup phase 3 (3-1*)
Whenever the ISGS relay resets, such as when changing
parameter sets or output control actions, the event log is
considered invalid and all events are re-read by communications.
012
Trip
The function that caused the trip
013
Phase
The phase that caused the trip
014
I1
Secondary current at trip for phase 1
015
I2
Secondary current at trip for phase 2
016
I3
Secondary current at trip for phase 3
017
IN
Secondary Ground current at trip
018
V1
Secondary voltage at trip phase 1
(1-2*)
019
V2
Secondary voltage at trip phase 2
(2-3*)
020
V3
Secondary voltage at trip phase 3
(3-1*)
021
TinPU
Total time in pickup
022
End of Table
Last entry in this log
Figure 7.1 Sample Event Log (viewed with Wisdom)
7.2 Trip Logs
The Trip Logs function stores times and measured data
present at the time of pickup and trip for the last eight trip
events. The information for each trip is stored in its own log.
These eight logs are located at address blocks 5100 through
5800. The most recent trip event is stored under address
5100 and the oldest of the eight trip events is stored in
address 5800. Pressing the Trip Log key takes you directly
to the trip log address block. The first trip to be sensed is the
trip to be logged
Address
* If VTs are connected line-to-line (see address 1202,
Section 4.5), the line-to-line voltage is displayed.
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Data Acquisition
For each log the following applies:
7.3 Min/Max Logs
•
7.3.1
•
The pickup time (002) consists of the date and time of
the event to the nearest millisecond.
•
The pickup parameter (003) refers to the protective
function that caused the trip. Only protective function
trips are stored in the log (no breaker monitoring, setpoints, or communications trips are logged).
•
•
7
The ISGS relay keeps a lifetime count of protective function trips. The trip number (address 001) is the count at
the time of the trip. The trip number cannot be reset
unless the relay is returned to the factory.
•
Current Minimum/Maximum Log
The Current Minimum/Maximum Log function allows the display of minimum and maximum values measured by the
relay. The collected information is compared against previously stored values and the log is updated. All logged values
are time stamped and resetting the log (see Section 6.7) will
reset all log values.
4600 Current Minimum/Maximum Log
Address
Data
Description
The phase parameter (004) stores the current or voltage
phase(s) that violated protective function settings.
4601 I1 min
Phase A minimum current
4602 I1 max
Phase A maximum current
I1, I2, I3, and IN parameters (005 to 008) give the currents at pickup for phases A, B, C, and the ground current.
4603 I2 min
Phase B minimum current
V1, V2, and V3 (009 to 011) indicate the voltage at
pickup for phases A, B, and C. If VTs are connected lineto-line (refer to address 1202, Section 4.5, the line-toline voltage is displayed for phases A-B, B-C, and C-A.
4606 I3 max
Phase C maximum current
4607 IN min
Ground minimum current
4604 I2 max
Phase B maximum current
4605 I3 min
Phase C minimum current
4608 IN max
Ground maximum current
4609 IAv min
Average minimum current
•
Trip (012) displays the function that caused the trip.
4610 IAv max
Average maximum current
•
Phase (013) indicates the phase that caused the trip.
4611 I1 dmin
•
I1, I2, I3, and IN (014 to 017) give the secondary currents at trip for phases A, B, C, and the ground current.
Phase A minimum demand
current
4612 I1 dmax
Phase A maximum demand
current
•
V1, V2, and V3 (018 to 020) indicate the voltage at
pickup for phases A, B, and C. If VTs are connected lineto-line (refer to address 1202, Section 4.5, the line-toline voltage is displayed for phases A-B, B-C, and C-A.
4613 I2 dmin
Phase B minimum demand
current
4614 I2 dmax
Phase B maximum demand
current
Total time in pickup (021) is the total time that the relay
read the voltage above the pickup value, not the time
the breaker is told to open or actually opens. The timer
is only reset when no function is in pickup.
4615 I3 dmin
Phase C minimum demand
current
4616 I3 max
Phase C maximum demand
current
4617 IAv dmin
Average minimum demand
current calculated
4618 IAv dmax
Average maximum demand
current calculated
4619 MinTHD
Minimum value of estimated
total harmonic distortion
4620 MaxTHD
Maximum value of estimated
total harmonic distortion
•
Events that require special attention appear in the event log
in red when displayed on a PC. For information on Wisdom
software, refer to Chapter 8.
The MinTHD and MaxTHD parameters (4619 and 4620) display the minimum or maximum total harmonic distortion calculation for the average current. The calculation is an
estimate of the harmonics on the system rather than an
exact measurement.
44
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Data Acquisition
7.3.2
Voltage Minimum/Maximum Log
The Voltage Minimum/Maximum Log function allows the display of minimum and maximum values measured by the
relay. The collected information is compared against previously stored values and the log is updated. All logged values
are time stamped and resetting the log (see Section 6.7) will
reset all log values. No voltages are metered unless the VT
option is installed.
4700 Voltage Minimum/Maximum Log
Address
Data
Description
4800
Address
Power Minimum/Maximum Log
Data
Description
4801
kW min
Minimum power value
4802
kW max
Maximum power value
4803
kW dem min
Minimum active power demand
value
4804
kW dem max
Maximum active power demand
value
4805
kVA min
Minimum kilovolt-ampere value
4806
kVA max
Maximum kilovolt-ampere value
4807
kVAR min
Minimum kilovolt-ampere
reactive value
Maximum kilovolt-ampere
reactive value
4701 V12 min
Minimum phase voltage
between phases A and B
4702 V12 max
Maximum phase voltage
between phases A and B
4808
kVAR max
4703 V23 min
Minimum phase voltage
between phases B and C
4809
PF max
Maximum power factor value
4810
PF min
Minimum power factor value
4704 V23 max
Maximum phase voltage
between phases B and C
4705 V31 min
Minimum phase voltage
between phases C and A
4706 V31 max
Maximum phase voltage
between phases C and A
4713 VAv min
Minimum average voltage
4714 VAv max
Maximum average voltage
4717 MinTHD
Minimum value of estimated
total harmonic distortion
4718 MaxTHD
Maximum value of estimated
total harmonic distortion
The MinTHD and MaxTHD parameters (4717 and 4718) display the minimum or maximum total harmonic distortion calculation for the average current. The calculation is an
estimate of the harmonics on the system rather than an
exact measurement.
7.3.3
7.3.4
Frequency Minimum/Maximum Log
The Frequency Minimum/Maximum Log function allows the
display of minimum and maximum values measured by the
relay. The collected information is compared against previously stored values and the log is updated. All logged values
are time stamped, and resetting the log (see Section 6.7) will
reset all log values.
4900 Frequency Metering
Address
Data
Description
4901 Fmin
Minimum frequency value
4902 Fmax
Maximum frequency value
Power Minimum/Maximum Log
The Power Minimum/Maximum Log function allows the display of minimum and maximum values measured by the
relay. The collected information is compared against previously stored values and the log is updated. All logged values
are time stamped, and resetting the log (see Section 6.6) will
reset all log values. No voltages are metered unless the VT
option is installed.
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Data Acquisition
7.4 Metered Data
Metered data is stored by the ISGS relay and can be displayed by accessing address blocks 4100 to 4900. The display of this data does not require a password. You can
display the same data more conveniently by using Wisdom
software described in Chapter 8.
7.4.1
4100
Address
1
Current Metering
1
Data
Range1
4201 V Phases A-B
10-125% Vn
4202 V Phases B-C
10-125% Vn
4203 V Phases C-A
10-125% Vn
4204 V L-L Average
10-125% Vn
4209 THD Volts
10-125% Vn
IVT = primary VT rating
7.4.3
Power Values
The Power Metering function stores the metered voltage
data for the ISGS relay. This function is only available if the
voltage input option is installed.
Data
Range1
4101
I Phase A
0-250% ICT
4102
I Phase B
0-250% ICT
4103
I Phase C
0-250% ICT
4301 kW 3-Phase
0-999,999.99 kW
0-999,999.99 kWHR
4300 Power Metering
Address
Data
Range
4104
I Neutral
0-250% ICT
4302 kW Hours
4105
I Average
0-250% ICT
4303 kW Demand
0-999,999.99 kWD
4304 kVA 3-Phase
0-999,999.99 kVA
4305 kVAR 3-Phase
0-999,999.99 kVAR
4306 kVAR Hours
0-999,999.99 kVARH
4307 PF
-1 — 0 — +1
4106
I Demand Phase A
0-250% ICT
4107
I Demand Phase B
0-250% ICT
4108
I Demand Phase C
0-250% ICT
4109
I Demand Average
0-250% ICT
4110
THD Current
0-250% ICT
ICT = primary CT rating
7.4.2
Voltage Values
The Voltage Metering function allows the display of metered
voltage data for the ISGS relay. The rms voltage measurements for this function depend on the selected VT connection method, either line-to-ground or line-to-line. The relay
also shows total harmonic distortion as a percentage of the
fundamental for the three phase voltage inputs. It displays
undefined when the measured components are below the
total harmonic distortion threshold. This function is only available if the voltage input option is installed.
46
Address
Current Values
The Current Metering function stores the metered current
and current demand values for the ISGS relay. The relay will
measure and display the rms values of the current for the
three phases and ground or neutral. The ISGS relay also
shows total harmonic distortion as a percentage of the fundamental for the three phase current inputs. This function
displays undefined when the measured components are
below the total harmonic distortion threshold.
7
4200 Voltage Metering
7.4.4
Frequency Values
The Frequency Metering function allows the display of the
system frequency. This function is only available if the voltage
input option is installed.
4400 Frequency Metering
Address
Data
4401 Frequency
Range
45-65 Hz
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Data Acquisition
7.5 Meter Display
The Operating Parameters function allows the user to determine what appears in Line 1 and Line 2 of the Power On
Meter display described in Chapter 4.
7000 Operating Parameters
Address
Parameter
Options
7005
LCD Line 1
I avg, Idmd1, Idmd2, Idmd3,
Idmdavg, V1-2, V2-3, V3-1,
VLLavg, V1-N, V2-N, V3-N,
VLNavg, W, WH, Wdmd, VA,
VAR, VARH, PF, f, I1, I2, I3, IN
7006
LCD Line 2
I avg, Idmd1, Idmd2, Idmd3,
Idmdavg, V1-2, V2-3, V3-1,
VLLavg, V1-N, V2-N, V3-N,
VLNavg, W, WH, Wdmd, VA,
VAR, VARH, PF, f, I1, I2, I3, IN
The operating parameters can be set to provide you with a
quick and constantly updated overview of your most important data.
7
7.6 Waveform Capture
The Waveform Capture function sets the pre-trigger time of
the two waveform buffers. You can configure the ISGS relay
to capture waveforms on a variety of events. For example,
waveforms can be captured for protective functions on
pickup or trip, or for communication events.
8400 Configure Waveform Capture
Address
Parameter
Range
8401 Wfm1Pretrp
100-900 ms, default is 800 ms,
(1 ms steps)
8402 Wfm2Pretrp
100-900 ms, default is 800 ms,
(1 ms steps)
Each buffer stores one full second of data for each wave.
This second always includes the event that caused the trip.
The pre-trip parameter of each buffer (8401 and 8402) lets
you specify where in the buffer the event appears. By setting
a time in milliseconds, you indicate how much data of this
one second wave data you want included in the buffer prior
to the trip.
For example, if buffer 1 is configured to be captured on trip
(see also Chapter 5 and its protective functions with waveform capture), and the activity that led up to the trip is of
great interest, buffer 1 can be configured to contain 900 ms
of pre-trigger data. These first 900 ms of pre-trigger data
represent the signal before the actual trip. The remaining
100 ms show the signal after the trip.
A waveform stored in a buffer will be lost after a loss of control power. Exporting an important waveform immediately to
a file will prevent unexpected data loss.
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8 ISGS Wisdom Software
8 ISGS Wisdom Software
8.1 Overview
The ISGS relay is an extremely advanced protective relay for
medium voltage switchgear applications. In order to reduce
the complexity of configuring the relay, reading the metered
values, and retrieving stored data, Siemens developed ISGS
Wisdom software. Wisdom software is a Windows-based
tool that monitors and controls an ISGS relay. Wisdom software provides a flexible, easy to use interface allowing the
performance of a wide variety of tasks such as
•
remote configuration via network, local port, or modem
•
offline configuration in DEMO mode
•
configuration file storage
•
custom curve creation
•
display and retrieval of captured waveforms
•
event log retrieval
•
real-time data and status display
8.2 Setup
Using Wisdom software requires Microsoft® Windows® . To
make full use of the Waveform Capture display, a color monitor is highly recommended. Setting up Wisdom software
requires two basic operations:
1.
Installing the program on a PC
Wisdom software is provided on a floppy diskette. The
setup program on this diskette will install Wisdom software on your hard drive and will create a Windows program group icon.
2.
Connecting the relay to the PC
For local connection of the PC, install an RS-232 interface cable between the serial communications port on
the PC and the front port on the relay.
For remote connection of the PC, use an RS-232 to
RS-485 converter for direct connection and null-modem
connectors for modem use.
Wisdom software offers five main menus from which to
select the various tasks or operations to be performed and
one help menu.
8.3 Menus
In the main window, you can choose from the following main
menus: Relay, Breaker, Configure, View, Logs, and Help. The
Main Window also displays the Event Log which is automatically updated (refer to Figure 8.1). The Event Log can be
saved or re-read. These commands can be found in the
Logs menu.
Relay Menu
From the Relay menu, you can connect or disconnect the
ISGS relay, save or load device data, select parameter sets,
and synchronize the internal time of your device with the time
of your computer.
Breaker Menu
From the Breaker menu, you can control breakers and reset
targets.
The Control submenu opens or closes the breaker and
asserts or releases the communication events. Refer to
Figure 8.2.
Figure 8.1 Wisdom Main Window
Note: For a free copy of Wisdom software, fax a
request to 919-365-2552. Please include your
name, company, phone number, fax number, mailing address, and e-mail address (if applicable). The
software can also be downloaded from the World
Wide Web at http://www.sea.siemens.com.
Search for Wisdom Software using the Search
function.
Figure 8.2 Breaker Control
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8 ISGS Wisdom Software
Configure Menu
The Configure menu provides an easy way to set the parameters for the following areas:
•
Communications
•
Protection Functions
•
Breaker Monitoring
•
ISGS Hardware
•
Demand
•
Alarms
•
Value Supervision
•
I/O Setup
•
Passwords
Each function or task offers an individual window with an
overview of the complete set of parameters available and
their default or user-defined settings. A simple click with the
mouse selects your choices from check boxes, option buttons, or list boxes. A slider lets you adjust ranges in predefined steps within minimum and maximum values. Refer to
Figure 8.3.
8
The Realtime Data submenu allows a complete data display
at one glance (refer to Figure 8.4).
Figure 8.4 Real-Time Data Display
The Waveform Capture submenu opens a color display that
allows you to freeze and then retrieve all waveform data,
selectively or together from either of the two buffers. The
curves are color coded for easy identification. From the same
window, you can configure your waveform settings, view
your trip logs and display a buffer summary. Refer to
Figure 8.5.
Figure 8.3 Configuring a Protection Function
View Menu
The View menu offers functions for processing and displaying various forms of data stored in the relay.
The Info submenu displays device data such as CT and VT
ratings.
50
Figure 8.5 Waveform Capture
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8 ISGS Wisdom Software
The Marshalling display provides an overview of all trip and
binary input settings. Refer to Figure 8.6.
Figure 8.8 Min/Max Log Data Display
Figure 8.6 Marshalling Display
Logs Menu
The Logs menu allows a complete data display of the Trip
Logs and the Min/Max Log at one glance (see Figure 8.7
and Figure 8.8. This menu also contains the commands for
saving or re-reading the Event Log.
Help Menu
The Help menu provides detailed information on how to use
Wisdom software. The menu allows searching for and printing of specific help topics. The Help menu contains an ISGS
relay settings worksheets that can be printed and used for
manual configuration of the device if desired.
8.4 Demo Mode
To evaluate the software offline, a demonstration mode is
provided that allows all of the program functions to be exercised without actual connection to an ISGS relay. Information
on the methods and equipment required to connect the personal computer to the relay are included in the Help function.
In addition to allowing experimentation, the demo mode permits the user to create relay configuration files that can be
saved and used at a later time to configure an actual relay.
Figure 8.7 Trip Log Data Display
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Notes:
8
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Appendix A: Trip Curves & Equations
A Trip Curves & Equations
This section provides equations and curve characteristics for
current and voltage to show the relationship between trip
time and threshold levels. Determine which curve closely follows the requirements of your system and select this curve in
the applicable protective functions.
Trip Characteristic
i
For ----- > 1 :
ip
A.1 Instantaneous Curve
The Instantaneous response characteristics can be used
with protection functions 50, 50N, 50HS, and 50HSN.
AD
T = ------------------------ + BD + 0.028
 i N
 --ip  – 1
Reset Characteristic
i
For ----- < 1 :
ip
T=
trD
---------------------- i N
 --ip  – 1
0.1
T = time to trip, in seconds
 i
-
 --- ip 
= multiple of pickup setting
D = time dial setting, 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1
0.01
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
Equation A.1 Standard Inverse Curves Equation
A.2 Standard Time Overcurrent Equation
The ISGS comes with nine standard overcurrent characteristic curves that can be adjusted with a time dial parameter.
Seven of the nine curves are based on suggested IEEE standards for approximation of electromechanical relays.
Table A.1 describes the first seven curves (SEA1 to SEA7)
listed below.
Standard Overcurrent Coefficients
A
1000
100
Time Dial
Figure A.1 Instantaneous Curve
Curve Type
A, B, N, tr = constants
Time to Trip (Seconds)
Time to Trip (Seconds)
1
10
Des.
A1
B1
N1
Inverse
SEA 1
8.9341
0.17966
2.0938
8.8
Short Inverse
SEA 2
0.2663
0.03393
1.2969
0.831
Long Inverse
SEA 3
5.6143
2.18592
1.0000
12.9
3.0
Moderately
Inverse
SEA 4
0.3022
0.12840
0.5000
1.07
1.5
Very Inverse
SEA 5
5.4678
0.10814
2.0469
5.741
Extremely
Inverse
SEA 6
7.7624
0.02758
2.0938
7.432
Slightly
Inverse
SEA 7
0.4797
0.21359
1.5625
1.5625
1
tr
9.9
7.0
5.0
1
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
The A, B, and N coefficients are for the standard relay formula
Table A.1 Standard Overcurrent Coefficients
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Figure A.2 Inverse Curve (SEA1)
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Appendix A: Trip Curves & Equations
100
1
9.9
7.0
10
Time to Trip (Seconds)
Time to Trip (Seconds)
10
Time Dial
Time Dial
100
9.9
7.0
5.0
1
3.0
1.5
5.0
3.0
0.1
1.5
0.5
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.01
1
10
50
1
10
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.3 Short Inverse Curve (SEA2)
A
50
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.5 Moderately Inverse Curve (SEA4)
1000
1000
7.0
5.0
10
3.0
1.5
10
Time Dial
Time Dial
Time to Trip (Seconds)
9.9
Time to Trip (Seconds)
100
100
9.9
1
7.0
5.0
3.0
0.5
1.5
1
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.1
1
10
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.4 Long Inverse Curve (SEA3)
54
50
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.6 Very Inverse Curve (SEA5)
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Appendix A: Trip Curves & Equations
A.3 Definite Inverse Equation
1000
Equation A.2 The ISGS provides an emulation of the
popular CO-6 Definite Inverse characteristic. This curve is
defined by the equations shown in Equation A.3.
100
i
For ----- > 1.5
ip
10
Time Dial
Time to Trip (Seconds)
Trip Characteristic
1
9.9
7.0
5.0
3.0
0.1
1.5
6.33D + 0.37
671
T = 785 + ------------------------------- × -----------------------------24000
 i N
 --i p  – 1.19
i
For1.0 < ----- < 1.5 :
ip
0.5
0.1
0.01
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
6.33D + 0.37
671
T = 785 + ------------------------------- × --------------------------------24000
 i N
 --i p  – 1.19
Reset Characteristic
Figure A.7 Extremely Inverse Curve (SEA6)
i
For ----- < 1 :
ip
100
T=
A
trD
---------------------- i N
 --ip  – 1
Time Dial
T = time to trip, in seconds
Time to Trip (Seconds)
10
9.9
1
 i
-
 --- ip 
= multiple of pickup setting
D = time dial setting, 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1
7.0
tr = reset constant = 1.0394
5.0
N = inverse constant = 2.54096
3.0
1.5
Equation A.3 Definite Inverse Equation
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
1
10
Multiples of Pickup
50
In Equation A.3, the time dial term 6.33D + 0.37 is necessary to convert the time dial range defined by Westinghouse
and the range that Siemens is using.
Equation (1) is valid for values of I/Ip greater than 1.5 and
equation (2) is valid for values of I/Ip between 1.0 and 1.5
(note that the equation is undefined at I/Ip = 1.0).
Figure A.8 Slightly Inverse Curve (SEA7)
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Appendix A: Trip Curves & Equations
100
1000
7.0
5.0
1
3.0
10
Time Dial
Time to Trip (Seconds)
9.9
Time to Trip (Seconds)
Time Dial
100
10
9.9
1
7.0
1.5
5.0
3.0
0.5
0.1
1.5
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.01
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
A
1
10
50
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.9 Definite Inverse Curve (SEA8)
Figure A.10 I-Squared-T Curve
A.4 I-Squared-T Curve
A.5 Custom Protective Curve
The ISGS provides an I-Squared-T characteristic in addition
to the standard inverse curves.
The custom curve consists of up to 60 current-time pairs
corresponding to points on the time-current characteristic
curve. Current refers to multiple-of-pickup value (I/Ip) on the
horizontal axis, and time refers to time-to-trip values on the
vertical axis. Each point consists of two values (I/Ip and t),
loaded in order from lowest to highest value of I/Ip via the
SEAbus or local ports. Siemens Wisdom software is required
in order to load a custom curve. Time-to-trip has a range of
0.00 to 655.35 seconds in steps of 0.01 seconds. I/Ip has a
range of 1.1 to 20.00 in steps of 0.01. The first point in the
data set must be I/Ip=1.1, the last point must be I/Ip=20.
Points in between these two limits can be for any values of I/
Ip and t as long as the slope (∆t/(∆I/Ip)) of the curve
described by the points is between 0 (horizontal) and -∞ (vertical). For input current in excess of 20 x Ip, the relay will
enter a definite time mode and the curve will be considered
to be flat (constant time) at the time value associated with I/
Ip=20. Once loaded, a custom curve is not adjustable, that is
there is no time dial adjustment.
Trip Characteristic
50.7D + 10.14
T = ------------------------------------ ---i-  2
 ip 
Reset Characteristic
i
For ----- < 1 :
ip
T=
trD
--------------------- i 2
 --ip  – 1
T = time to trip, in seconds
 i
-
 --- ip 
= multiple of pickup setting
D = time dial setting, 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1
A.6 Over/Undervoltage Curves
The ISGS provides a moderately inverse overvoltage and a
moderately inverse undervoltage protection defined by the
equation in Equation A.5 and Equation A.6. Their characteristics are provided in Figure A.11 and Figure A.12.
tr = reset constant = 7.4
Equation A.4 I-Squared-T Equation
56
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Appendix A: Trip Curves & Equations
Over/Undervoltage Coefficients
Des.
A1
B1
1000
tr
N1
Inverse
0.51
-1.75
0.50
---
Mod. Inverse
0.51
-0.45
0.50
---
Very Inverse
0.51
1.75
0.50
---
The A, B, and N coefficients are for the standard relay formula
Table A.2 Under/Overvoltage Coefficients
v
For1.01 ≤ ----v ≤ 1.5 :
AD
T = ------------------------- + BD
 v N
 ---vp  – 1
p
 v
For  v----- > 1.5 :
 p
Time to Trip (Seconds)
1
100
Time Dial
Curve Type
9.9
10
5.0
2.0
1.0
1
0.5

AD
T = -------------------------- + BD 

N
( 1.5 ) – 1
0.2
0.1
0.1
1
T = time to trip, in seconds
v = measured input voltage
v = pickup value (tap setting)
p
 v
-  = multiple of pickup setting
 ---- vp 
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.11 Moderately Inverse Overvoltage Curve
D = time dial setting, 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1
A, B, N = constants for inverse curves
A
1000
Equation A.5 Overvoltage Equation
100
9.9
 v
For  ----≤ 0.5:
 vp

AD
T = -------------------------- + BD 

N
( 1.5 ) – 1
10
5.0
2.0
Time to Trip (Seconds)
p
AD
T = ------------------------- + BD
 v N
 ---vp  – 1
Time Dial
v
For 0.5 ≤ ----v ≤ 1.5 :
1.0
T = time to trip, in seconds
v = measured input voltage
v = pickup value (tap setting)
1
0.5
p
 v
-  = multiple of pickup setting
 ---- vp 
D = time dial setting, 0.1 to 9.9 in steps of 0.1
A, B, N = constants for inverse curves
Equation A.6 Undervoltage Equation
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
Multiples of Pickup
Figure A.12 Moderately Inverse Undervoltage Curve
57
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Appendix B: Metering
B Metering
B.1 Accuracy
Table B.1 Metering Accuracies
B
Parameter
Range
Accuracy
rms Current (L & G)
0-250% In Displayed in Amperes
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of In
±0.5% of In from 10- 50% of In
Average rms Current
0-250% In Displayed in Amperes
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of In
±0.5% of In from 10-50% of In
Ampere Demand per Phase
0.. 250% In Displayed in Amperes
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of In
±0.5% of In from 10-50% of In
Average Ampere Demand
0-250% In Displayed in Amperes
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of In
±0.5% of In from 10-50% of In
rmsVoltage (L-L and L-N)
10-125% Vn Displayed in kV
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of Vn
±0.5% of Vn from 10-50% of Vn
Average rms Voltage
10-125% Vn Displayed in kV
±1% of measurement from 50-125% of Vn
±0.5% of Vn from 10-50% of Vn
Active Power (kW)
0-999,999.99 kW
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 5
kW Demand
0-999,999.99 kWD
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 5
kW Hours
0-999,999.99 kWHR
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 3, 5
Apparent Power (kVA)
0-999,999.99 kVA
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 5
Volt-Amperes Reactive (kVAR)
0-999,999.99 kVAR
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 2, 5
kVAR Hours
0-999,999.99 kVARH
±2% of measurement from 50-125% of Pn
±0.1% of Vn from 10-50% of Pn 1, 2, 3, 5
Power Factor
-1- 0-+1
±0.04 4
Frequency
45-65 Hz
±0.1% of reading providing voltage is 50% VT primary rating
1 Measured
at PF=1. For |PF|<1, ±2% + angle error (±2% for |PF|≥0.7)
Measured at PF=0. For |PF|>0, ±2% + angle error (±2% for |PF|≤0.7)
3 Energy is accumulated in either kHR or MHR, selectable (parameter).
4 For power factor, 1 is considered “perfect,” negative is leading and positive is lagging.
5 P = V x I , where V = VT rating (120 V) and I = CT rating (5A).
n
n
n
n
n
2
Note for all values: Stated accuracy applies only when the device is not in pickup. These measurements are valid over a frequency range of
45- 65Hz and include fundamental, second harmonic, and all odd harmonics up to the 13th harmonic of the fundamental line frequency.
58
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Appendix B: Metering
B.2 Power Conventions
Line
Load
Import
Forward
Positive
(kW/kVAR consumed
by the load)
Export
Reverse
Negative
(kW/kVAR supplied
by the load)
Ø=90°, +kVAR,
kVARh Imported,
Power Factor = 0
Ø=90 to 180°
Power Factor Lead
Ø=180°, -kW,
kWh Exported,
Power Factor = 1
Ø=0 to 90°
Power Factor Lag
Phase Angle Ø
Ø=180 to 270°
Power Factor Lag
Ø=0°, +kW,
kWh Imported,
Power Factor = 1
B
Ø=270 to 360°
Power Factor Lead
Ø=270°, -kVAR,
kVARh Exported,
Power Factor = 0
Figure B.1 Complex Power Plane
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix C: Menu Structure
C Menu Structure
Block
The following table provides a complete list of addresses and
parameters available to the ISGS in its standard and optional
configuration.
Functions that set the device, the CTs, or the VTs, or functions that require a change in the matrix are indicated by and
asterisk (*) next to the address. Observe the warning label
below when changing the settings of these functions.
Function
Address
A1500 Instantaneous
Phase Overcurrent
(50)
1501
1502
1504
1510
1511
1512
1551
1552
1560
1561
Function 50
Pickup 50
Delay 50
Freeze Wfm 1 50
Freeze Wfm 2 50
Block 50
Function 50HS
Pickup 50HS
Freeze Wfm 1 HS
Freeze Wfm 2 HS
1601
1602
1604
1610
1611
1612
1651
1652
1660
1661
Function 50N
Pickup 50N
Time Delay 50N
Freeze Wfm 1 50N
Freeze Wfm 2 50N
Block 50N
Function HSN
Pickup HSN
Freeze Wfm 1HSN
Freeze Wfm 2HSN
A1700 Phase Time Overcurrent (51)
1702
1703
1705
1706
1709
1710
1711
1712
Curve
Pickup
Time Dial
Filter
Reset
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
Block 51
A1800 Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N)
1801
1802
1803
1805
1806
1809
1810
1811
1812
Function
Curve
Pickup
Time Dial
Filter
Reset
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
Block 51N
A1900 Directional Phase
Time Overcurrent
(67)
1901
1902
1903
1905
1906
1907
1908
1910
1911
Function
Curve
Pickup
Time Dial
Filter
Impedance
Direction
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
A2000 Directional Neutral
Time Overcurrent
(67N)
2001
2002
2003
2005
2006
2007
2008
2010
2011
Function
Curve
Pickup
Time Dial
Filter
Impedance
Direction
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
A2200 Overvoltage (59)
2201
2202
2204
2205
2206
2210
2211
Function
Curve
Pickup
Delay (Definite)
Dial (Inverse)
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
A1600 Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50N)
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or
Ground Overcurrent (50HSN)
C
Block
0000
60
Function
Power On/Configuration Display
Address
Parameter
--- ---
1000 *
Device
Configuration
1002
1003
1004
1005
1100 *
CT Configuration
1101 Ph Pri Rtg
1102 Neu Pri Rtg
1104 Norm Pwr Flo
1200 *
VT Configuration
1201 Pri Rating
1202 VT Mode
1203 Secondary Rating
Parameter
Frequency
Phase Seq.
Brkr Conn.
Trip Time
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix C: Menu Structure
Block
Function
Address
Parameter
A2300 Undervoltage (27)
2301
2302
2304
2305
2306
2310
2311
Function
Curve
Pickup
Delay (Definite)
Dial (Inverse)
Freeze Wfm 1
Freeze Wfm 2
A2400 Phase Sequence
Voltage (47)
2401
2410
2411
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2460
2461
Function 47
Freeze Wfm1 47
Freeze Wfm2 47
Function 47N
Curve 47N
Pickup 47N
Delay 47N
Time Dial 47N
Max Time 47N
Block 47N
Freeze Wfm1 47N
Freeze Wfm2 47N
2501
2503
2504
2506
2510
2511
2551
2553
2554
2556
2560
2561
Function 810
Pickup 81O
Time Delay 81O
Block 81O
Freeze Wfm1 81O
Freeze Wfm2 81O
Function 81U
Pickup 81U
Time Delay 81U
Block 81U
Freeze Wfm1 81U
Freeze Wfm2 81U
2801
2802
2804
2805
Function
Pickup
Time Delay
Check
Negative
Sequence Voltage
(47N)
A2500 Overfrequency
(810)
Underfrequency
(81U)
2800 Breaker Failure
(50B)F
3000 Alarm Setpoints
3100 Demand Setpoints
3200 Power Setpoints
---
Function
Demand Interval
Sync Time
Subperiods 60
Subperiods 30
Subperiods 15
ADmd Function
ADmd Pickup
KWDmdFunction
KWDmdPickup
3201
3202
3203
3203
3204
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
KVAR Enable
KVAR Pickup
KVARTime Delay
KVA Enable
KVA Pickup
KVA Delay
PF Lead Enable
PF Lead Pickup
PF Lead Sign
PF Lead Delay
PF Lag Enable
PF Lag Pickup
PF Lag Sign
PF Lag Delay
Address
Parameter
3400
Analog Monitoring
(Value Supervision)
3401
3402
3404
3411
3412
3414
3421
3422
3424
Function V Bal
Pickup V Bal
Factor V Bal
Function I Sum
Pickup I Sum
Factor I Sum
Function I Bal
Pickup I Bal
Factor I Bal
3500
Breaker Operation
3501
3502
3503
3504
Int. I Enable
Int. I Pickup
Brkr Ops Enable
Brkr Ops Pickup
4000
Metering
4100
Current Metering
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
I Phase A
I Phase B
I Phase C
I Neutral
I Average
I Demand, Phase A
I Demand, Phase B
I Demand, Phase C
I Demand, Average
I THD
4200
Voltages
4201
4202
4203
4204
4209
V 1-2
V 2-2
V 3-1
V L-L Average
V THD
4300
Power Metering
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
KW 3-Phase
KW Hours
KW Demand
KVA 3-Phase
KVAR 3-Phase
KVAR Hours
Power Factor
4400
Frequency
Metering
4401 Frequency
4600
Current Minimum/
Maximum Log
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4607
4608
4609
4610
4611
4612
4613
4614
4615
4616
4617
4618
4619
4620
---
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Block
---
---
C
I1 min
I1 max
I2 min
I2 max
I3 min
I3 max
IN min
IN max
IAv min
IAv max
I1 dem min
I1 dem max
I2 dem min
I2 dem max
I3 dem min
I3 dem max
IAv dem min
IAv dem max
MinTHD?
MaxTHD
61
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Appendix C: Menu Structure
Block
4700
4800
Function
Voltage Minimum/
Maximum Log
Power Minimum/
Maximum Log
4900
Frequency Minimum/Maximum
Log
5000
Trip Logs
5100 Trip Log
(most Information
recent)
thru Note: Access
5800 address block
(oldest) first, then scroll to
desired 3-digit
address
C
62
Address
Parameter
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4713
4714
4717
4718
V1-2 min
V1-2 max
V2--3 min
V2-3 max
V3-1 min
V3-1 max
VAv min
VAv max
Min THD
Max THD
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4807
4808
4809
4810
kW min
kW max
kW dem min
kW dem max
kVA min
kVA max
kVAR min
kVAR max
PF max
PF min
Block
Function
Address
Parameter
7000 Operating
Parameters
7005
7006
LCD Line 1
LCD Line 2
7100 Parameter Set
7101
7103
7104
7105
7106
7107
Active Set
Activation
Copy? Defaults to A
Copy? Defaults to B
Copy? A to B
Copy? B to A
7200 Configure Comm
Port SEAbus
7201
7202
7203
7204
7207
Local Port
System Port
ParaChange
Com Events
Local Address
7300 Configure
Passwords
7301
7302
7303
CW Level 1
CW Level 2
CW Level 3
7400 Relay Data
7401
7402
7403
7404
7405
7406
7407
7408
7409
Circuit Name
MainBd S/N
MainBd ID
OptBd 1 S/N
OptBd 1 ID
OptBd 2 S/N
OptBd 2 ID
Bin. Inputs
Bin. Outputs
4901 Frequency min
4902 Frequency max
--- --(001)
(002)
(003)
(004)
(005)
(006)
(007)
(008)
(009)
(010)
(011)
(012)
(013)
(014)
(015)
(016)
(017)
(019)
(020)
(021)
(022)
(023)
Trip #
Time in Pickup
Pickup Function
Phase (at Pickup)
I1 (at Pickup)
I2 (at Pickup)
I3 (at Pickup)
IN (at Pickup)
V1 (at Pickup)
V2 (at Pickup)
V3 (at Pickup)
Trip Function
Phase (at Trip)
I1 (at Trip)
I2 (at Trip)
I3 (at Trip)
IN (at Trip)
V1 (at Trip)
V2 (at Trip)
V3 (at Trip)
TinPU
Trip Log full
6000 *
Matrixing
--- ---
6100 *
Binary Inputs
6101
6102
6103
6104
6200 *
Binary Outputs
6201 Output 1
6202 Output 2
6400 *
Trip Contacts
6401 Contact 1
6402 Contact 2
6403 Contact 3
Input 1
Input 2
Input 3
Input 4
8000 Other Settings
---
---
8100 Date and Time
Setting
8101
8102
8103
Current Date
Date
Time
8200 Reset
8201
8202
8203
8204
8205
8211
8212
8213
8214
Trip Log
Min/Max Values?
Energy
Breaker Ops
SumCurrInter
Breaker Ops
Sum IL1
Sum IL2
Sum IL3
8300 Breaker Monitoring
8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
TripSrcImp
TripSrcFail
TrpCoil Cont
TrpCoilFail
BrkrMech
8400 Waveform Capture
8401
8402
Wfm1 Pre-Trip
Wfm2 Pre-Trip
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
D Acceptance Test Procedures
When performing the acceptance tests, follow the sequence listed here; first test protective function 51, then 50, etc.)
Note: The following procedures should be performed using accurately calibrated test equipment connected to a
source free of harmonics. Refer to Figure D.1 for connection diagram.
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) Function
ISGS Acceptance Test
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
1 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial per Chart
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Disable Other Conflicting Functions
Phase
A B C
7103
1101
1702
1703
1705
6401
1501, 1551, 1601, 1651, 1801, 1901, 2001, 2301
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
2.
Connect suitable variable source current
to phase A, terminals 3 and 4,
to phase B, terminals 5 and 6,
to phase C, terminals 7 and 8,
to neutral, terminals 9 and 10.
3.
Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts, terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
4.
D
Increase current until relay picks up (this should occur at 1.06 x pickup.
Pickup LED illuminates.
E
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
Timing
5.
Apply appropriate value of current for the test. The results match Table D.1.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 51 P1 (2, 3).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) Function
ISGS Acceptance Test (continued)
Phase
A B C
6.
Relay times out per Table D.1.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip current value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records trip on overcurrent.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
7.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds, then restore it.
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
8.
Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat above steps for phase B and phase C; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done for each phase at the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.1 Test Points for Very Inverse Curve Characteristics
D
Multiple of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
2X
3.73
9.30
18.38
4X
0.92
2.27
4.46
8X
0.40
0.96
1.87
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
64
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) Function
ISGS Acceptance Test
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
1 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial per Chart
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Enable 51N
Disable Other Conflicting Functions
Raise 51 Pickup to Maximum
Phase
N
7103
1102
1802
1803
1805
6401
1801
1501, 1551, 1601, 1651, 1901, 2001, 2301
1703
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
2. Connect suitable variable source current
to neutral, terminals 9 and 10.
3. Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts, terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
4. Increase current until relay picks up (this should occur at 1.06 A x pickup).
Pickup LED illuminates.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
Timing
D
5. Apply appropriate value of current for the test. The results match Table D.2.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 51N PN.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test (continued)
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) Function
Phase
N
6. Relay times out per Table D.2.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip current value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records trip on overcurrent.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
7. Remove control power from relay for five seconds, then restore it.
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
8. Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done for the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.2 Test Points for Very Inverse Curve Characteristics
D
Multiple of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
2X
3.73
9.30
18.38
4X
0.92
2.27
4.46
8X
0.40
0.96
1.87
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50) Function
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
20 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial 9.9
Instantaneous Pickup 1 A
Instantaneous Time Delay 0.0
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
7103
1102
1702
1703
1705
1501, 1502, 1503
1504
6401
Phase
A B C
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
2.
Connect suitable variable source current
to phase A on terminals 3 and 4,
to phase B on terminals 5 and 6,
to phase C on terminals 7 and 8.
3.
Connect a timer to the trip contacts on terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
4.
Apply a current approximately 75% of the instantaneous pickup.
5.
Raise the current and note the value of current at which the relay trips.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops on trip.
Display shows TRIP 50 P1 (2, 3).
Trip log shows TRIP 50 P1 (2, 3) and the correct date and time.
D
Trip log shows value of current at trip.
Wisdom software records trip in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
6.
Set value of current slightly above Instantaneous Overcurrent pickup and record time required to trip.
Repeat above steps for phase B and phase C; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Tests may be repeated at required settings.
CAUTION: Extended testing at high current levels may damage the relay. Note ratings (Maximum Input Current) in Chapter 1, Section 1.5, Test Specifications.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
Voltage Primary Rating 120 V
Connection Line to Neutral
Enable Function
Time Characteristic: Inverse Time
Trip on Line to Neutral
Pickup Level 100 V
Time Dial 5.0
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Phase
A B C
Undervoltage (27) Function
7103
1201
1202
2301
2302
2303
2304
2306
6401
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
With 27 enabled, pickup LED is illuminated; relay may trip on Undervoltage before VT source is applied.
2.
Connect suitable variable voltage source to terminals 41, 43, and 45 with
neutral connected to 42, 44, and 46.
3.
Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts on terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
4.
Apply nominal to neutral system voltage.
Pickup LED extinguishes.
Trip LED may be reset.
5.
Slowly reduce voltage until relay picks up.
Pickup LED illuminates.
D
Display shows PICKUP 27 P1 (2, 3).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
6.
Return voltage to nominal value.
Pickup LED extinguishes.
Wisdom software records end of pickup.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test (continued)
Phase
A B C
Undervoltage (27) Function
Timing
7.
Set voltage per Table D.3.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 27 P1 (2, 3).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
8.
Relay times out per Table D.3.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip voltage value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records relay trip on Undervoltage.
Return voltage to nominal and reset timer.
9.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds; then restore it.
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
10. Reset the relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat above steps for phase B and phase C; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done at the user settings following the same procedure.
D
Table D.3 Test Points for Inverse Undervoltage Curve Characteristics
Percent of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
90
20.00
50.00
99.00
75
7.74
19.35
38.32
50
3.64
9.10
18.01
0
1.56
3.91
7.73
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
Voltage Primary Rating 120 V
Connection Line to Neutral
Enable Function
Time Characteristic: Inverse Time
Trip on Line to Neutral
Pickup Level 100 V
Time Dial per Table
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Phase
A B C
Overvoltage (59) Function
7103
1201
1202
2201
2202
2203
2204
2206
6401
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
2.
Connect suitable variable voltage source to terminals 41, 43, and 45 with
neutral connected to 42, 44, and 46.
3.
Connect a timer to the Trip 1 contacts on terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
4.
Apply nominal to neutral system voltage.
Pickup LED extinguishes.
Trip LED may be reset.
5.
D
Slowly increase voltage until relay picks up.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 59 P1 (2, 3).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
6.
Return voltage to nominal value.
Pickup LED extinguishes.
Wisdom software records end of pickup.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test (continued)
Phase
A B C
Overvoltage (59) Function
Timing
7.
Set voltage per Table D.4.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 59 P1 (2, 3).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
8.
Relay times out per Table D.4.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip voltage value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records relay trip on Overvoltage.
Return voltage to nominal and reset timer.
9.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds; then restore it.
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
10. Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat above steps for phase B and phase C; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done at the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.4 Test Points for Inverse Overvoltage Curve Characteristics
Percent of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
110
20.00
50.00
99.00
125
7.74
19.35
38.32
150
3.64
9.10
18.01
>150
1.56
3.91
7.73
D
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) Function
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
1 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial per Chart
Impedance to 45°
Direction to Reverse
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Enable 67
Disable Other Conflicting Functions
Raise 51 Pickup to Maximum
7103
1101
1902
1903
1905
1907
1908
6401
1901
1501, 1551, 1601, 1651, 1801, 1901, 2001, 2301
1703
Phase
A B C
(Phase-Neutral Connected VTs)
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
2.
Connect suitable variable source current
to phase A, terminals 3 and 4,
to phase B, terminals 5 and 6,
to phase C, terminals 7 and 8,
3.
Connect suitable AC voltage
to phase A, terminals 41 and 42,
to phase B, terminals 43 and 44,
to phase C, terminals 45 and 46,
Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts, terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
D
4.
Apply nominal voltage to the relay’s voltage inputs,
for example, 69 V ∠ 0 to phase A,
69 V ∠ 240 to phase B,
69 V ∠ 120 to phase C.
Apply 2x pickup current to phase A and B in forward direction,
for example, 2.0 A ∠ 30 to phase A and 2.0 A ∠ 210 to phase B, or
2.0 A ∠ 270 to phase B and 2.0 A ∠ 90 to phase C, or
2.0 A ∠150 to phase C and 2.0 A ∠ 330 to phase A.
-relay should not go into pickup,
-reset test current to zero A,
-increase phase A and phase B current in reverse direction until relay picks up (at 1.06 x pickup)
for example, 1.06 A ∠ 210 to phase A and 1.06 A ∠ 30 to phase B, or
1.06 A ∠ 90 to phase B and 1.06 A ∠ 270 to phase C, or
1.06 A ∠ 330 to phase C and 1.06 A ∠ 150 to phase A.
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) Function
(Phase-Neutral Connected VTs)
(continued)
Phase
A B C
Pickup LED illuminates.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
Timing
5.
Apply appropriate value of current in reverse direction for the test. The results match Table D.5.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 67 P12 (23, 31).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
6.
Relay times out per Table D.5.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip current value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records trip on directional overcurrent.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
7.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds, then restore it.
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
8.
Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
D
Repeat above steps for phase B-C and phase C-A; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done for each phase at the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.5 Test Points for Very Inverse Curve Characteristics
Multiple of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
2X
3.73
9.30
18.38
4X
0.92
2.27
4.46
8X
0.40
0.96
1.87
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
73
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) Function
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
1 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial per Chart
Impedance to 45°
Direction to Reverse
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Enable 67
Disable Other Conflicting Functions
Raise 51 Pickup To Maximum
7103
1101
1902
1903
1905
1907
1908
6401
1901
1501, 1551, 1601, 1651, 1801, 1901, 2001, 2301
1703
Phase
A B C
(Phase-Phase Connected VTs)
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
2.
Connect suitable variable source current
to phase A, terminals 3 and 4,
to phase B, terminals 5 and 6,
to phase C, terminals 7 and 8,
to neutral, terminals 9 and 10,
3.
Connect suitable AC voltage
to phase A-B, terminals 41 and 42,
to phase B-C, terminals 43 and 44,
to phase C-A, terminals 45 and 46,
Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts, terminals 1 and 2.
D
Pickup
4.
Apply nominal voltage to the relay’s voltage inputs,
for example, 69 V ∠ 30 to phase A-B,
69 V ∠ 270 to phase B-C,
69 V ∠ 150 to phase C-A.
Apply 2x pickup current to phase A and B in forward direction,
for example, 2.0 A ∠ 30 to phase A and 2.0 A ∠ 210 to phase B, or
2.0 A ∠ 270 to phase B and 2.0 A ∠ 90 to phase C, or
2.0 A ∠150 to phase C and 2.0 A ∠ 330 to phase A.
-relay should not go into pickup,
-reset test current to zero A,
74
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) Function
(Phase-Phase Connected VTs)
(continued)
Phase
A B C
-increase phase A current in the reverse direction until relay picks up. This should occur at 1.06 x pickup,
for example, 1.06 A ∠ 210 to phase A and 1.06 A ∠ 30 to phase B, or
1.06 A ∠ 90 to phase B and 1.06 A ∠ 270 to phase C, or
1.06 A ∠ 330 to phase C and 1.06 A ∠ 150 to phase A.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
Timing
5.
Apply appropriate value of current in reverse direction for the test. The results match Table D.6.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 67 P12 (23, 31).
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
6.
Relay times out per Table D.6.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip current value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records trip on directional overcurrent.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
7.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds, then restore it.
D
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
8.
Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat above steps for phase B-C and phase C-A; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done for each phase at the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.6 Test Points for Very Inverse Curve Characteristics
Multiple of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
2X
3.73
9.30
18.38
4X
0.92
2.27
4.46
8X
0.40
0.96
1.87
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
75
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Neutral Time Overcurrent (67N)
Function
(Only Available with Phase-Neutral Connected VTs)
Set the ISGS as follows:
Parameter Set A
5000:5 Current Transformer (CT)
Curve SEA 5, Very Inverse
1 A Nominal Pickup
Time Dial per Chart
Impedance to 45°
Direction to Reverse
Trip Matrixed to Trip 1 Contact
Enable 67
Disable Other Conflicting Functions
Raise 51 Pickup to Maximum
Phase
N
7103
1102
2002
2003
2005
1907
1908
6401
2001
1501, 1551, 1601, 1651, 1801, 1901, 2001, 2301
1703
Connections
1. Connect the appropriate source of control voltage to terminals 13 (+) and 12 (-).
2.
Relay Disabled contact on terminals 19 and 20 opens.
3.
Connect suitable variable source current
to phase A, terminal 3,
to phase B, terminal 5,
to phase C, terminal 7,
Connect terminals 4, 6, and 8 to terminal 9.
Connect terminal 10 to the common of the current sources.
4.
Connect suitable AC voltage
to phase A, terminals 41 and 42,
to phase B, terminals 43 and 44,
D
to phase C, terminals 45 and 46,
Connect timer to Trip 1 contacts, terminals 1 and 2.
Pickup
5.
Apply nominal voltage to the relay’s voltage inputs, for example,
for example, 69 V ∠ 0 to phase A,
69 V ∠ 240 to phase B,
69 V ∠ 120 to phase C.
Apply 2x pickup current to phase A in forward direction, for example,
for example, 2.0 A ∠ 0 to phase A,
2.0 A ∠ 240 to phase B,
2.0 A ∠120 to phase C.
-relay should not go into pickup,
-reset test current to zero A,
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
ISGS Acceptance Test
Directional Neutral Time Overcurrent (67N)
Function
(continued)
(Only Available with Phase-Neutral Connected VTs)
Phase
N
-increase phase A current in the reverse direction until relay picks up. This should occur at 1.06 x pickup,
for example, 1.06 A ∠ 180 to phase A,
1.06 A ∠ 60 to phase B,
1.06 A ∠ 300 to phase C.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
Timing
6.
Apply appropriate value of current in reverse direction for the test. The results match Table D.7.
Pickup LED illuminates.
Display shows PICKUP 67N PN.
Wisdom software records pickup in event log.
7.
Relay times out per Table D.7.
Trip LED illuminates.
Timer stops as Trip 1 contacts close.
Trip log indicates trip current value and time in pickup.
Wisdom software records trip on directional overcurrent.
Return current to zero and reset timer.
8.
Remove control power from relay for five seconds, then restore it.
D
Trip LED re-illuminates after relay is powered up again.
9.
Reset relay target.
Trip LED resets.
Repeat above steps for phase B and phase C; repeat the same steps also for Parameter Set B.
Testing may also be done for each phase at the user settings following the same procedure.
Table D.7 Test Points for Very Inverse Curve Characteristics
Multiple of Pickup
Time Band 2 (seconds)
Time Band 5 (seconds)
Time Band 9.9 (seconds)
2X
3.73
9.30
18.38
4X
0.92
2.27
4.46
8X
0.40
0.96
1.87
Accuracy of the time curve for 2 ≤ I/Ip ≤ 20 is 5% from the defined value, or 30 ms, whichever is greater.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
77
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Appendix D: Acceptance Test Procedures
50/
51N
50/51
ISGS Relay
ITS
VTS
CT 1-1
CT 1-2
3
CT 2-1
CT 2-2
CT 3-1
CT 3-2
CT N-1
CT N-2
5
VT 1+
41
VT 1-
42
VT 2+
43
VT 2-
44
VT 3+
VT 3-
4
6
8
IB
Trip 2
IC
10
2
1
11
29
9
Trip 3
IN
30
VA
VB
45
46
22
Test Equipment
Trip Common
7
21
D
Trip 1
IA
23
24
25
26
27
28
VC
31
Binary
Input 1
Binary
Output 1
Binary
Input 2
Binary
Output 2
32
33
34
Binary
Input 3
Binary
Input 4
ISGS Relay
Figure D.1 Terminal Connections for Test Procedures
78
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
1
3
Key
52a
52b
52T
52SRC
88
CS/C
CS/T
R
G
95C
LS
N
3
Fuse
4
15
13
2
Fuse
CS
C
RES
4
52
SRC
4
3
2
88
16
RES
R
2
1
2
1
RES
4
14
52T
52a
52a
CS
T
G
RES
52b
Aux Switch (open when breaker is open)
Aux Switch (closed when breaker is open)
Opening Solenoid (Trip)
Spring Release Solenoid
Spring Charging Motor
Control Switch/Close
Control Switch/Trip
Red Lamp (breaker open)
Green Lamp (breaker open)
Interposing Relay
???
3
Fuse
LS
95C
Fuse
1
Breaker
(Station
Battery)
DC Supply
P
Trip 1
Monitors
a-contacts
and trip coil
BI
Trip
15
2
BI BSW
14
Monitors
b-contacts
Optional
Remote
Closing
95C
Ground
Monitor
16
PS
IN2
12
20
19
-
+
Shield
Data +
Data -
Data +
Data -
Shield
Outgoing
RS-485
Bus
Incoming
RS-485
Bus
*Contact is closed when
relay is out of service
ISGS Relay
Relay
Disabled*
Case
Ground
48
Optional
RS-485
Communications
(see below)
49
Power
Supply
(DC-DC)
13
PS
IN1
Data +
Data -
Trip Source
Impedance
Sense Circuit
17
18
Impedance Impedance
Source
Sense
Optional
48
RS-485
Communications
49
11
Trip 2
1
Trip
Common
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Appendix E: Schematics
E Schematics
E.1 DC Trip System
The following diagram illustrates a typical connection
scheme for the ISGS relay when using a DC trip system.
E
Figure E.1 Wiring for DC Trip Systems
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Appendix E: Schematics
E.2 AC (Capacitor) Trip Systems
The following diagram illustrates a typical connection
scheme for the ISGS relay when using an AC trip system.
AC1
1
3
1
13
4
3
1-Fuse
3
2
CS
C
52
SRC
Slug
4
R
G
88
16
RES
4
14
1
2
11
CS
T
CTD
2
Aux Switch (open when breaker is open)
Aux Switch (closed when breaker is open)
Opening Solenoid (Trip)
Spring Release Solenoid
Spring Charging Motor
Control Switch/Close
Control Switch/Trip
Red Lamp (breaker open)
Green Lamp (breaker open)
Interposing Relay
Capacitor Trip Device
???
15
LS
95C
1-Fuse
2
AC Supply
4
3
Slug
52
(120 VAC
Only)
AC0
Key
52a
52b
52T
52SRC
88
CS/C
CS/T
R
G
95C
CTD
LS
2
Trip 1
1
52a
52T
52a
Breaker
1
Trip 2
11
17
Trip
Common
95C
Optional
Remote
Closing
18
Trip Source
Impedance
Sense Circuit*
16
13
PS
IN1
15
Case
Ground
20
19
Optional
48
RS-485
Communications
(see below)
49
14
52a
52b
Shield
Data +
Data -
Data +
Data -
Shield
+
-
Outgoing
RS-485
Bus
Incoming
RS-485
Bus
*Contact is closed when
relay is out of service
ISGS Relay
Relay
BI BI Disabled*
Trip BSW
Power
Supply
(AC-DC)
12
PS
IN2
Data +
Data -
*Not used with AC configuration.
Tie impedance source (terminal 17),
ground monitor (16), and impedance
sense (18) to AC0.
Optional
48
RS-485
Communications
49
RES
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
80
RES
E
RES
Figure E.2 Wiring for AC (Capacitor) Trip System
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
This ISGS settings worksheet allows easy recording of the
desired ISGS parameter settings when configuring the
device manually with the keypad controls.
Functions and parameters are listed in numerical sequence
of their address blocks and addresses just as they appear on
the LCD. Where applicable, value ranges and resolution are
provided for easy reference. Only configurable functions and
parameters are listed. For a complete list refer to the ISGS
relay menu in Appendix C.
Before configuring the device, copy this form and enter the
desired configuration data. Include the device identification
number (device version number and its catalog number on
front panel label; or line 1 and line 2 of Power On display) and
the date of configuration. Then simply circle the desired set-
Set A
tings and enter numerical values in the blank spaces provided. Boldfaced settings indicate factory defaults. For
indicating matrix settings, draw a line from the matrix position
number to the desired setting and circle the setting.
Take special care in copying lines 1 and 2 of the relay’s
Power On display (refer to Section 4.1). The information displayed in these two lines provides Siemens with detailed
information about the device in the event you encounter a
problem and have to contact Siemens customer service.
After entering all data on this configuration form, take it to the
device and enter the information into the relay. This form
allows for the recording of both parameter sets. After completing this form, file it for future reference.
0000 Power On Display (enter display)
---- Line 1
---- Line 2
1000 Device Configuration
1002 Frequency
60 Hz
50 Hz
1003 Phase Sequence
123 (ABC)
132 (ACB)
1004 Breaker Connection
Trip1
1005 Trip Time
0.1 s
Trip2
Trip3
Trips 1&2
Trips1&3
Range: 0.01-32 s
(0.01 s steps)
Trips 123
s
1100 Current Transformer Configuration
1101 Phase CT Primary Rating
1200 A
Range: 5-8000 A
(1 A steps)
A
1102 Neutral CT Primary Rating
1200 A
Range: 5-8000 A
(1 A steps)
A
1104 Power Flow
Normal
Reverse
1200 Voltage Transformer Configuration
1201 Primary Rating
12000 V
1202 VT Mode
Line-to-Line
1203 Secondary VT Rating
120 V
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Range: 120-138000 V
(1 V steps)
V
Line-to-Neutral
Range: 100-120 V (1 V steps)
V
S-1
S
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 2 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
A1500
A1502 Pickup 50
Enabled
Disabled
5 A CT
1.0 A
Range: 1-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.00 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
s
A1504 Time Delay 50
1510 Freeze Waveform 1 50
on pickup
on Trip
None
1511 Freeze Waveform 2 50
on pickup
on Trip
None
A1512 Block 50 by
None
A1551 Function 50HS
Enabled
A1552 Pickup 50HS
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
Disabled
5 A CT
5.0 A
Range: 5-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1560 Freeze Waveform 1 50HS
---
on Trip
None
1561 Freeze Waveform 2 50HS
---
on Trip
None
A1600
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50N)
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50HSN)
A1601 Function 50N
A1602 Pickup 50N
Enabled
Disabled
5 A CT
1.0 A
Range: 1-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.00 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
s
A1604 Time Delay 50N
1610 Freeze Waveform 1 50N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
1611 Freeze Waveform 2 50N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
A1612 Block 50N by
None
A1651 Function 50HSN
Enabled
A1652 Pickup 50HSN
S-2
Set A
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50)
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
A1501 Function 50
S
Date:
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
Disabled
5 A CT
5.0 A
Range: 5-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1660 Freeze Waveform 1 50HSN
---
on Trip
None
1661 Freeze Waveform 2 50HSN
---
on Trip
None
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 3 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
A1700 Phase Time Overcurrent (51)
A1702 Curve 51
Moderately
Inverse
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
A1705 Time Dial 51
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
A1706 Filter 51
rms
fundamental
A1709 Reset 51
Disk Emulation
Instantaneous
A1703 Pickup 51
(PU point is 1.06
of PU setting).
5 A CT
1 A CT
1710 Freeze Waveform 1 51
on Pickup
on Trip
None
1711 Freeze Waveform 2 51
on Pickup
on Trip
None
A1712 Block 51 by
None
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
A1800 Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N)
A1801 Function 51N
Enabled
A1802 Curve 51N
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
5 A CT
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
A1805 Time Dial 51N
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
A1806 Filter 51N
rms
fundamental
A1809 Reset 51N
Disk Emulation
Instantaneous
A1803 Pickup 51N
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
1810 Freeze Waveform 1 51N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
1811 Freeze Waveform 2 51N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
A1812 Block 51N by
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
None
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
S
50HSN
S-3
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 4 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
A1900 Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67)
A1901 Function 67
Enabled
A1902 Curve 67
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
5 A CT
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
A1905 Time Dial 67
0.10
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
A1906 Filter 67
rms
A1907 Impedance 67
45°
A1908 Direction 67
Normal
A1903 Pickup 67
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
fundamental
Range: 0-90° (1° steps)
°
Reverse
1910 Freeze Waveform 1 67
on Pickup
on Trip
None
1911 Freeze Waveform 2 67
on Pickup
on Trip
None
A2000 Directional Neutral Time Overcurrent (67N)
A2001 Function 67N
Enabled
A2002 Curve 67N
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
A2005 Time Dial 67N
0.10
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
A2006 Filter 67N
rms
A2007 Impedance 67N
45°
A2008 Direction 67N
Normal
A2003 Pickup 67N
(PU point is 1.06
of PU setting).
S
S-4
5 A CT
1 A CT
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
fundamental
Range: 0-90° (1° steps)
°
Reverse
2010 Freeze Waveform 1 67N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
2011 Freeze Waveform 2 67N
on Pickup
on Trip
None
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 5 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
A2200 Overvoltage (59)
A2201 Function 59
Enabled
A2202 Curve 59
Inverse
A2203
Pickup Source Voltage 59
(if VT mode is (L-N)
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
Line-to-Line
Very Inverse
Definite Inverse
Line-to-Neutral
A2204 Pickup 59
130 V
Range: 60-250 V (0.1 V steps)
V
A2205 Time Delay 59 (Definite)
0.10 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
A2206 Time Dial 59 (Inverse)
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2210 Freeze Waveform 1 59
on Pickup
on Trip
None
2211 Freeze Waveform 2 59
on Pickup
on Trip
None
A2300 Undervoltage (27)
A2301 Function 27
Enabled
A2302 Curve 27
Inverse
A2303
PU Source V 27
(if VT mode is (L-N)
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
Line-to-Line
Very Inverse
Definite Inverse
Line-to-Neutral
A2304 Pickup 27
50 V
Range: 40-230 V (0.1 V steps)
V
A2305 Time Delay 27 (Definite)
0.10 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
A2306 Time Dial 27 (Inverse)
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2310 Freeze Waveform 1 27
on Pickup
on Trip
None
2311 Freeze Waveform 2 27
on Pickup
on Trip
None
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-5
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 6 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
A2400
Date:
Set A
Phase Sequence Voltage (47)
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N)
A2401 Function 47
Enabled
Disabled
2410 Freeze Waveform 1 47
---
on Trip
None
2411 Freeze Waveform 2 47
---
on Trip
None
A2451 Function 47N
Enabled
Disabled
A2452 Curve 47N
Inverse
Definite Inverse
A2453 Pickup 47N
10%
Range: 4-40% (1% steps)
A2454 Time Delay 47N(Defin.)
0.00 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
A2455 Time Dial 47N (Inverse)
0.10
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
A2456 Maximum Time (Inverse)
120 s
Range: 1-250 s (1 s steps)
s
A2457 Block 47N by
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
%
s
2460 Freeze Waveform 1 47N
on pickup
on Trip
None
2461 Freeze Waveform 2 47N
on pickup
on Trip
None
S
S-6
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 7 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
A2500
Date:
Set A
Overfrequency (81O)
Underfrequency (81U)
A2501 Function 81O
Enabled
Disabled
A2502 Pickup 81O
62.0 Hz
Range: 60.1-65.0 Hz
(0.1 Hz steps)
A2504 Time Delay 81O
0.10 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
2506 Block 81O
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
2510 Frz. Wfm1 81O
on Pickup
on Trip
None
2511 Frz. Wfm2 81O
on Pickup
on Trip
None
Hz
A2551 Function 81U
Enabled
Disabled
A2553 Pickup 81U
58.0 Hz
Range: 55.0-59.9 Hz
(0.1 Hz steps)
A2554 Delay 81U
0.10 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
A2556 Block 81U
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
Hz
2560 Freeze Waveform 1 81U
on pickup
on Trip
None
2561 Freeze Waveform 2 81U
on pickup
on Trip
None
2800 Breaker Failure (50BF)
2801 Function 50BF
Enabled
Disabled
5 A CT
0.25 A
Range: 0.25-5.0 A
(0.01 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.02-1.0 A
(0.01 A steps)
A
2804 Delay 50BF
10 cycles
Range: 8-254 cycles
2805 Monitor 50BF
current
2803 Pickup 50BF
breaker
cycles
both
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-7
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 8 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
3000 Alarm Setpoints
3100 Demand Setpoints
3101 Demand Interval
15
30
60
minutes
3102 Sync time
0
15
30
45
minutes after hour
3103 Subperiods 60
1
2
3
4
6
3104 Subperiods 30
1
2
3
6
3105 Subperiods 15
1
3
3106 Current Average Demand
Enabled
3107 Current Average Demand Pickup 3000 A
3108 KW Demand
Enabled
3109 KW Demand Pickup
100000 kW
12
Disabled
Range: 0-9999 A (1 A steps)
A
Disabled
Range: 0-999,999 kW
(1 kW steps)
kW
3200 Power Setpoints
S
S-8
3201 KVAR Function
Enabled
Disabled
3202 KVAR Pickup
100000 kVAR
Range: 0-999,999 kVAR
(1 kVAR steps)
3203 KVAR Time Delay
1800 s
Range: 0-3600 s (1 s steps)
3204 KVA Function
Enabled
3205 KVA Pickup
100000 kVA
Range: 0-999,999 kVA
(1 kVA steps)
3206 KVA Time Delay
1800 s
Range: 0-3600 s (1 s steps)
3207 PF Lead Function
Enabled
3208 PF Lead Pickup
0.8
3209 PF Lead Sign
Lag
3210 PF Lead Delay
1800 s
3211 PF Lag Function
Enabled
3212 PF Lag Pickup
0.8
3213 PF Lag Sign
Lag
3214 PF Lag Delay
1800 s
kVAR
s
Disabled
kVA
s
Disabled
Range: 0.2-1.0 (0.1 steps)
Lead
Range: 0-3600 s (1 s steps)
s
Disabled
Range: 0.2-1.0 (0.1 steps)
Lead
Range: 0-3600 s (1 s steps)
s
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 9 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
3400 Value Supervision
3401 Voltage Balance Function
Enabled
3402 Voltage Balance Pickup
100 V
Range: 40-120 V (0.1 V steps)
3404 Voltage Balance Factor
0.80
Range: 0.58-0.95
(0.01 teps)
3411 Current Sum Function
Enabled
3412 Current Sum Pickup
Disabled
V
Disabled
5 A CT
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-5 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-1 A (0.1 A steps)
A
3414 Current Sum Factor
0.10
Range: 0.10-0.95
(0.01 steps)
3411 Current Balance Function
Enabled
3412 Current Balance Pickup 5 A CT
2.5 A
Range: 0.5-5 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-1 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.80
Range: 0.10-0.95
(0.01 steps)
3414 Current Balance Factor
Disabled
3500 Breaker Operation
3501 Interrupted Current Function
Enabled
3502 Interrupted Current Pickup
1000.00 kA
3503 Breaker Operations Functions
Enabled
3504 Breaker Operations Counter
100
Disabled
Range: 0-9999.9 kA
(1 kA steps)
kA
Disabled
Range: 0-65535
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-9
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 10 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6000 Matrixing
6100 Binary Inputs
6101 Input 1
001
002
003
004
Frz.Buff2 Lo
blk 47N Hi
blk 47N Lo
blk 47 Hi
blk 47 Lo
blk 81U Hi
blk 81U Lo
blk 81O Hi
blk 81O Lo
blk 50 Hi
blk 50 Lo
blk 50N Hi
blk 50N Lo
blk 50HS
blk 50HS Lo
blk 50HSN Hi
blk 50HSN Lo
blk 51N Lo
blk 59 Lo
blk 59 Hi
006
blk 27 Hi
blk 27 Lo
blk 67 Hi
blk 67 Lo
blk 67N Hi
blk 67N Lo
blk 50BF Hi
blk 50BF Lo
blk ComEvt Hi
blkComEvt Lo
SwitchPara Hi
SwitchPara Lo
BI1 Hi (001)
BI1 Lo
BI2 Hi
BI2 Lo
BI3 Hi
BI3 Lo
BI4 Hi
BI4 Lo
009
010
not matrixed
001
Frz.Buff1 Hi
Frz.Buff1 Lo
Frz.Buff2 Hi
Frz.Buff2 Lo
blk 47N Hi
blk 47N Lo
blk 47 Hi
blk 47 Lo
blk 81U Hi
blk 81U Lo
blk 81O Hi
blk 81O Lo
blk 50 Hi
blk 50 Lo
blk 50N Hi
blk 50N Lo
blk 50HS
blk 50HS Lo
blk 50HSN Hi
blk 50HSN Lo
002
003
004
005
blk 51N Hi
blk 51N Lo
blk 59 Lo
blk 59 Hi
006
blk 27 Hi
blk 27 Lo
blk 67 Hi
blk 67 Lo
blk 67N Hi
blk 67N Lo
blk 50BF Hi
blk 50BF Lo
blk ComEvt Hi
blkComEvt Lo
SwitchPara Hi
SwitchPara Lo
BI1 Hi
BI1 Lo
BI2 Hi (001)
BI2 Lo
BI3 Hi
BI3 Lo
BI4 Hi
BI4 Lo
007
008
009
010
S-10
Frz.Buff2 Hi
blk 51N Hi
008
S
Frz.Buff1 Lo
005
007
6102 Input 2
Frz.Buff1 Hi
not matrixed
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 11 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6100 Binary Inputs (continued)
6103 Input 3
001
002
003
004
Frz.Buff2 Hi
Frz.Buff2 Lo
blk 47N Hi
blk 47N Lo
blk 47 Hi
blk 47 Lo
blk 81U Hi
blk 81U Lo
blk 81O Hi
blk 81O Lo
blk 50 Hi
blk 50 Lo
blk 50N Hi
blk 50N Lo
blk 50HS
blk 50HS Lo
blk 50HSN Hi
blk 50HSN Lo
blk 51N Hi
blk 51N Lo
blk 59 Lo
blk 59 Hi
006
blk 27 Hi
blk 27 Lo
blk 67 Hi
blk 67 Lo
blk 67N Hi
blk 67N Lo
blk 50BF Hi
blk 50BF Lo
blk ComEvt Hi
blkComEvt Lo
SwitchPara Hi
SwitchPara Lo
BI1 Hi
BI1 Lo
BI2 Hi
BI2 Lo
BI3 Hi (001)
BI3 Lo
BI4 Hi
BI4 Lo
008
009
010
not matrixed
001
Frz.Buff1 Hi
Frz.Buff1 Lo
Frz.Buff2 Hi
Frz.Buff2 Lo
blk 47N Hi
blk 47N Lo
blk 47 Hi
blk 47 Lo
blk 81U Hi
blk 81U Lo
blk 81O Hi
blk 81O Lo
blk 50 Hi
blk 50 Lo
blk 50N Hi
blk 50N Lo
blk 50HS
blk 50HS Lo
blk 50HSN Hi
blk 50HSN Lo
002
003
004
005
blk 51N Hi
blk 51N Lo
blk 59 Lo
blk 59 Hi
006
blk 27 Hi
blk 27 Lo
blk 67 Hi
blk 67 Lo
blk 67N Hi
blk 67N Lo
blk 50BF Hi
blk 50BF Lo
blk ComEvt Hi
blkComEvt Lo
SwitchPara Hi
SwitchPara Lo
BI1 Hi
BI1 Lo
BI2 Hi
BI2 Lo
BI3 Hi
BI3 Lo
BI4 Hi (001)
BI4 Lo
007
008
009
010
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Frz.Buff1 Lo
005
007
6104 Input 4
Frz.Buff1 Hi
not matrixed
S-11
S
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 12 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6200 Binary Outputs
6201 Output 1
001
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
002
Error Sum I
Error Sym I
Error Sym V
OC Pickup
OC Trip
Non OC PU
Non OC Trip
Relay Pickup
Relay Tripped
no f
f <>
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Pickup
81O Trip
UV blks 81O
81U Pickup
81U Trip
UV blks 81U
47N Pickup
47N Trip
UV blks 47N
50HS blks 50
50HSN blks 50
009
50 Pickup
50 Trip
50HS blks 50N
50HSN blks 50N
010
50N Pickup
50N Trip
50HS blks 51
50HSN blks 51
011
51 Pickup
51 Trip
50HS blks 51N
50HSNbl. 51N
012
51N Pickup
51N Trip
67 Pickup
67 Trip
67N Pickup
67N Trip
27 Pickup
27 Trip
59 Pickup
59 Trip
47 Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrbrAmpsPU
OvrAmpsDmd
PU
OvrkWDmdPU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
50BF Trip
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
019
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
020
CommEvent 5
not matrixed
003
004
005
006
007
008
013
014
015
016
017
018
S
S-12
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 13 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6200 Binary Outputs (continued)
6202 Output 2
001
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
002
Error Sum I
Error Sym I
Error Sym V
OC Pickup
OC Trip
Non OC PU
Non OC Trip
Relay Pickup
Relay Tripped
no f
f <>
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Pickup
81O Trip
UV blks 81O
81U Pickup
81U Trip
UV blks 81U
47N Pickup
47N Trip
UV blks 47N
50HS blks 50
50HSN blks 50
009
50 Pickup
50 Trip
50HS blks 50N
50HSN blks 50N
010
50N Pickup
50N Trip
50HS blks 51
50HSN blks 51
011
51 Pickup
51 Trip
50HS blks 51N
50HSNbl. 51N
012
51N Pickup
51N Trip
67 Pickup
67 Trip
67N Pickup
67N Trip
27 Pickup
27 Trip
59 Pickup
59 Trip
47 Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrbrAmpsPU
OvrAmpsDmd
PU
OvrkWDmdPU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
50BF Trip
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
019
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
020
CommEvent 5
not matrixed
003
004
005
006
007
008
013
014
015
016
017
018
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-13
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 14 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6400 Trip Contacts
6401 Contact 1
6402 Contact 2
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
OC Trip
Non OC Trip
Relay Tripped
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Trip
81U Trip
47N Trip
(005)
50 Trip
(002)
50N Trip
(003)
51 Trip
(004)
51N Trip
67 Trip
67N Trip
27 Trip
59 Trip
47Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrbrAmpsPU
OvrAmpsDmd PU
OvrkWDmdPU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
(001)
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
CommEvent 5
not matrixed
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
OC Trip
Non OC Trip
Relay Tripped
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Trip
81U Trip
47N Trip
50 Trip
50N Trip
51 Trip
51N Trip
67 Trip
67N Trip
27 Trip
59 Trip
47Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrbrAmpsPU
OvrAmpsDmd PU
OvrkWDmdPU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
CommEvent 1
(001)
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
CommEvent 5
not matrixed
S
S-14
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 15 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
6400 Trip Contacts (continued)
6403 Contact 3
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
BI1
BI2
BI3
BI4
OC Trip
Non OC Trip
Relay Tripped
50HS Trip
50HSN Trip
81O Trip
81U Trip
47N Trip
50 Trip
50N Trip
51 Trip
51N Trip
67 Trip
67N Trip
27 Trip
59 Trip
47Trip
OvrBrOps PU
OvrbrAmpsPU
OvrAmpsDmd PU
OvrkWDmdPU
OvrkVAR PU
OvrkVA Pickup
PFLag Pickup
PFLead Pickup
50BF Pickup
TrScMon PU
TrCoilCont PU
BrMech PU
CommEvent 1
CommEvent 2
CommEvent 3
CommEvent 4
CommEvent 5
not matrixed
7000 Operating Parameters
7005 LCD Line 1
7006 LCD Line 2
Iavg
Idmd1
Idmd2
Idmd3
V1-N
V2-N
V3-N
VARH
PF
Iavg
Idmd
avg
V1-2
V2-3
VLNavg W
WH
Wdmd VA
f
I1
I2
I3
IN
Idmd1
Idmd2
Idmd3
Idmd
avg
V1-2
V2-3
V1-N
V2-N
V3-N
VLNavg W
WH
Wdmd VA
VARH
PF
f
I1
I3
IN
I2
V3-1
V3-1
VLLavg
VAR
VLLavg
VAR
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-15
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
7100 Parameter Set
7103 Activation
Set A
Set B
7200 Configure Communicatins Port
7201 Local Port
2400 baud
4800 baud
9600 baud
19200 baud
7202 System Port
2400 baud
4800 baud
9600 baud
19200 baud
7203 Param. Change
Enabled
Disabled
7204 Comm Events
Enabled
Disabled
7207 Local Address
222
1-254
7300 Configure Password
7301 CW Level 1
1 to 5 digits
7302 CW Level 2
1 to 5 digits
7303 CW Level 3
1 to 5 digits
7400 Relay Data (7401 must be set in Wisdom, copy relay information in case of customer service requests)
7401 Circuit Name
string of up to 16 characters
7402 MainBd S/N
main board serial number
7403 MainBd ID
main board identification number
7404 OptBd1 S/N
option board 1 serial number
7405 OptBd1 ID
option board 1 identification number
7406 OptBd2 S/N
option board 2 serial number
7407 OptBd1 ID
option board 2 identification number
8100 Date and Time
S
S-16
8101 Set Date
mm.dd.yyyy
8102 Set Time
hh.mm.ss
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_cf.frm Page 17 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set A
8200 Resets
8211 Breaker Ops
0-65535
8212 Sum IL1
Range: 0-99999 kA
(0.01 kA steps)
kA
8213 Sum IL2
Range: 0-99999 kA
(0.01 kA steps)
kA
8214 Sum IL3
Range: 0-99999 kA
(0.01 kA steps)
kA
8300 Breaker Monitoring
8301 Trip Source Impedance
Enabled
Disabled
8302 Trip Source Fail
Yes
No
8303 Trip Coil Cont.
Enabled
Disabled
8304 Trip Coil Fail
Yes
No
8305 Breaker Mech
Enabled
Disabled
8400 Waveform Capture
8401 Waveform 1 Pretrip
800 ms
Range: 100-900 ms
(1 ms steps)
ms
8402 Waveform 2 Pretrip
800 ms
Range: 100-900 ms
(1 ms steps)
ms
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
S-17
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
B1500
B1502 Pickup 50
Enabled
Disabled
5 A CT
1.0 A
Range: 1-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.00 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
s
B1504 Time Delay 50
1510 Freeze Waveform 1 50
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1511 Freeze Waveform 2 50
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B1512 Block 50 by
None
B1551 Function 50HS
Enabled
B1552 Pickup 50HS
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
Disabled
5 A CT
5.0 A
Range: 5-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1560 Freeze Waveform 1 50HS
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1561 Freeze Waveform 2 50HS
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B1600
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50N)
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50HSN)
B1601 Function 50N
B1602 Pickup 50N
Enabled
Disabled
5 A CT
1.0 A
Range: 1-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.00 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps)
s
B1604 Time Delay 50N
1610 Freeze Waveform 1 50N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1611 Freeze Waveform 2 50N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B1612 Block 50N by
None
B1651 Function 50HSN
Enabled
B1652 Pickup 50HSN
S-18
Set B
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50)
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS)
B1501 Function 50
S
Date:
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
Disabled
5 A CT
5.0 A
Range: 5-120 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.2 A
Range: 0.2-24 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1660 Freeze Waveform 1 50HSN
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1661 Freeze Waveform 2 50HSN
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set B
B1700 Phase Time Overcurrent (51)
B1702 Curve 51
Moderately
Inverse
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
B1705 Time Dial 51
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
B1706 Filter 51
rms
fundamental
B1709 Reset 51
Disk Emulation
Instantaneous
B1703 Pickup 51
(PU point is 1.06
of PU setting).
5 A CT
1 A CT
1710 Freeze Waveform 1 51
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1711 Freeze Waveform 2 51
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B1712 Block 51 by
None
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
B1800 Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N)
B1801 Function 51N
Enabled
B1802 Curve 51N
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
5 A CT
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
B1805 Time Dial 51N
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
B1806 Filter 51N
rms
fundamental
B1809 Reset 51N
Disk Emulation
Instantaneous
B1803 Pickup 51N
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
S
1810 Freeze Waveform 1 51N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1811 Freeze Waveform 2 51N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B1812 Block 51N by
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
None
50HS & 50HSN
50HS
50HSN
S-19
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set B
B1900 Directional Time Overcurrent (67)
B1901 Function 67
Enabled
B1902 Curve 67
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
5 A CT
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
1 A CT
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
B1905 Time Dial 67
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
B1906 Filter 67
rms
B1907 Impedance 67
45°
B1908 Direction 67
Normal
B1903 Pickup 67
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
fundamental
Range: 0-90° (1° steps)
°
Reverse
1910 Freeze Waveform 1 67
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
1911 Freeze Waveform 2 67
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B2000 Directional Neutral Time Overcurrent (67N)
B2001 Function 67N
Enabled
B2002 Curve 67N
Inverse
Short Inverse
Long Inverse
Custom
Very Inverse
Extremely Inverse Definite Inverse
Slightly Inverse
I2T without Limit
0.5 A
Range: 0.5-20 A (0.1 A steps)
A
0.1 A
Range: 0.1-4 A (0.1 A steps)
A
B2005 Time Dial 67N
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
B2006 Filter 67N
rms
B2007 Impedance 67N
45°
B2008 Direction 67N
Normal
B2003 Pickup 67N
(PU point is 1.06
of PU setting).
S
S-20
5 A CT
1 A CT
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
fundamental
Range: 0-90° (1° steps)
°
Reverse
2010 Freeze Waveform 1 67N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2011 Freeze Waveform 2 67N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
Date:
Set B
B2200 Overvoltage (59)
B2201 Function 59
Enabled
B2202 Curve 59
Inverse
B2203
Pickup Source Voltage 59
(if VT mode is (L-N)
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
Line-to-Line
Very Inverse
Definite Inverse
Line-to-Neutral
B2204 Pickup 59
130 V
Range: 60-250 V (0.1 V steps)
V
B2205 Time Delay 59 (Definite)
0.10 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
B2206 Time Dial 59 (Inverse)
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1steps)
2210 Freeze Waveform 1 59
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2211 Freeze Waveform 2 59
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B2300 Undervoltage (27)
B2301 Function 27
Enabled
B2302 Curve 27
Inverse
B2303
PU Source V 27
(if VT mode is (L-N)
Line-to-Line
Disabled
Moderately
Inverse
Very Inverse
Definite Inverse
Line-to-Neutral
B2304 Pickup 27
50.0 V
Range: 40-230 V (0.1 V steps)
V
B2305 Time Delay 27 (Definite)
0.10 s
Range: 0-60 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
B2306 Time Dial 27 (Inverse)
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
2310 Freeze Waveform 1 27
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2311 Freeze Waveform 2 27
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
S
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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ISGS Settings Worksheet for
B2400
Set B
Phase Sequence Voltage (47)
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N)
B2401 Function 47
Enabled
Disabled
2410 Freeze Waveform 1 47
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2411 Freeze Waveform 2 47
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B2451 Function 47N
Enabled
Disabled
B2452 Curve 47N
Inverse
Definite Inverse
B2453 Pickup 47N
10%
Range: 4-40% (1% steps)
B2454 Time Delay 47N(Defin.)
0.00 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
B2455 Time Dial 47N (Inverse)
0.1
Range: 0.1-9.9 (0.1 steps)
B2456 Maximum Time (Inverse)
120 s
Range: 1-250 s (1 s steps)
s
B2457 Block 47N by
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
2460 Freeze Waveform 1 47N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2461 Freeze Waveform 2 47N
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
B2500
S
Date:
%
s
Overfrequency (81O)
Underfrequency (81U)
B2501 Function 81O
Enabled
Disabled
B2502 Pickup 81O
62.0 Hz
Range: 60.1-65.0 Hz
(0.1 Hz steps)
B2504 Time Delay 81O
0.10 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
2506 Block 81O
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
2510 Frz. Wfm1 81O
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2511 Frz. Wfm2 81O
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
Hz
B2551 Function 81U
Enabled
B2553 Pickup 81U
58.0 Hz
Range: 55.0-59.9 Hz
(0.1 Hz steps)
B2554 Delay 81U
0.10 s
Range: 0-100 s (0.01 s steps),
or ∞
s
B2556 Block 81U
40 V
Range: 40-120 V (1 V steps)
V
S-22
Disabled
Hz
2560 Freeze Waveform 1 81U
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
2561 Freeze Waveform 2 81U
Settings displayed or changed here apply to both parameter sets
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv30_gl.frm Page i Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
Glossary
address Unique four-digit number representing the location
of a specific function parameter stored in the ISGS relay.
address block Unique four-digit number ending in two
zeros representing the location of a specific function stored in
the ISGS relay.
average line voltage Arithmetic average of AB, BC, CA
line-to-line voltage (3-wire and 4-wire modes)
(VAB+VBC+VCA)/3 = VAVG.
average phase current Arithmetic average of phase A, B,
and C currents. (IA+IB+IC)/3 = IAVG.
average phase voltage Arithmetic average of A, B, and C
phase voltages (4-wire mode only). (VA+VB+VC)/3 = VAVG.
binary input Optically isolated voltage level sensor with a
fixed threshold. The input is considered activated if voltage
above the threshold is applied and de-activated if no voltage
or voltage below the threshold is applied. The status of a
binary input is monitored by the relay and state changes are
recorded in the event log. Actions matrixed to a binary input
can be set to be performed when the binary input is activated (hi) or de-activated (lo).
binary output ANSI rated dry output contact that can be
matrixed to a binary input of a protective function for closing.
Breaker Failure (50BF) Relay function that responds to a
fault condition where any phase current being measured by a
CT does not drop below a programmed level. Whenever
another protective function activates the contact identified by
the breaker parameter, this function will wait until the set
amount of time has expired. Then it checks the phase currents. If they are not equal to or less than the set pickup
value, the function executes its defined actions.
Breaker Mechanism Relay function that can be enabled
to sense a breaker mechanism error and cause an action to
be taken and an event being logged if the a- and b-switches
are ever both closed continuously for more than 100 ms. No
other time delay is implemented. When this function detects
the error, it is considered to be in pickup. It goes out of
pickup when the condition is no longer present.
Caution Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in moderate or minor injury.
Comm Event Relay function that can be set to allow the
remote activation of the breaker and binary outputs.
CT Configuration A function to set up the ISGS relay to
match phase CT primary rating, neutral or ground CT primary
rating, and the CT input's normal power flow settings of an
electrical distribution system.
Current Balance Relay function that protects against an
unbalance in the phase currents. The function monitors the
phase currents for approximate balance (of equal magnitude). Balance is defined as the ratio of minimum to maximum current, where the maximum current is the largest and
the minimum current the smallest of the three phase currents. The current is considered balanced and will not cause
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
an alarm. The function monitors for balance when the maximum current is larger than the current balance pickup value.
An alarm occurs when the min/max ratio is smaller than the
current balance factor.
current sensor Toroidal current transformer providing current level data and operating power for fault protection and
metering. Its rated primary current establishes the maximum
continuous current rating of the circuit breaker. Its rated secondary current is 0.5 A at rated primary current. Sensors
used in Static Trip III trip units are encapsulated in polymeric
material to protect the windings and prevent motion during
short circuit fault conditions.
Curve Parameter of several ISGS protective functions that
allows the selection of a definite time delay or a characteristic
curve.
custom curve A user-definable protective curve.
Danger Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
Device Configuration A function to set up the ISGS relay
to match line frequency, phase sequence, and breaker connection settings of an electrical distribution system.
Directional Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent (67N)
Relay function that protects against neutral or ground time
overcurrent condition. This function uses a selected time
overcurrent characteristic curve to determine the trip time,
and the voltages present on the VTs to determine the current
direction. Tripping occurs when the neutral or ground current
exceeds the programmed pickup at 100% or drops below
the pickup at 95% for a period of time equal to the delay time
setting. The pickup must remain active for the entire delay
time for a trip to occur. If the overcurrent condition subsides
in less time than the delay time, the pickup will go inactive
and the directional neutral or ground overcurrent function will
reset. When tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused
the trip is recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log.
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67)
Relay function that protects against a phase overcurrent condition. This
function uses a selected time overcurrent characteristic
curve to determine the trip time, and the voltages present on
the VTs to determine the current direction. Tripping occurs
when any one phase current exceeds the programmed
pickup at 100% or drops below the pickup at 95% for a
period of time equal to the delay time setting. The pickup
must remain active for the entire delay time for a trip to occur.
If the overcurrent condition subsides in less time than the
delay time, the pickup will go inactive and the directional
phase overcurrent function will reset. When tripping occurs,
the actual condition that caused the trip is recorded in the
device's nonvolatile trip log.
event log Chronological record of significant events that
occur during relay operation. Includes operation and fault
events.
Filter Parameter of several ISGS protective functions that
sets the sensing method—rms or fundamental—used by the
function in its pickup calculations.
G-i
G
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Glossary
Forward Parameter setting of several ISGS functions that
allows the directional protection element to pickup on fault
current only in the direction of normal power flow.
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent
(50HSN) A relay function that protects against a neutral or
ground overcurrent condition. Tripping occurs when the neutral or ground current exceeds the programmed pickup at
100%. When tripping occurs, the actual condition that
caused the trip is recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log.
High-Set Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50HS) A
relay function that protects against a phase overcurrent condition. Tripping occurs when any one phase current exceeds
the programmed pickup at 100%. When tripping occurs, the
actual condition that caused the trip is recorded in the
device's nonvolatile trip log.
Impedance Parameter of several ISGS protective functions
that set the angle used by this function. Impedance determines the direction of current flow being measured and can
be set from 0 to 90 degrees in steps of 1 degree.
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground Overcurrent (50N) A
relay function that protects against a neutral or ground overcurrent condition. Tripping occurs when the neutral or
ground current exceeds the programmed pickup at 100% or
drops below the pickup at 95% for a period of time equal to
the delay time setting. The pickup must remain active for the
entire delay time for a trip to occur. If the overcurrent condition subsides in less time than the delay time, the pickup will
go inactive and the instantaneous neutral or ground overcurrent function will reset. When tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused the trip is recorded in the device's
nonvolatile trip log.
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50) A relay function
that protects against a phase overcurrent condition. Tripping
occurs when any one phase current exceeds the programmed pickup at 100% or drops below the pickup at 95%
for a period of time equal to the delay time setting. The
pickup must remain active for the entire delay time for a trip
to occur. If the overcurrent condition subsides in less time
than the delay time, the pickup will go inactive and the
instantaneous phase overcurrent function will reset. When
tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused the trip is
recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log.
Intelligent SwitchGear System (ISGS) High-speed,
numerical, microprocessor-based protective relay designed
to be easily incorporated into a computer monitored medium
voltage power system.
ISGS see Intelligent SwitchGear System
G
LCD Two-line by sixteen character liquid crystal display that
allows the viewing of parameters, real-time data, keypad
entries, and messages.
logical input Input to a function internal to a relay, such as
a blocking input for a function. Logical inputs can only be
activated if matrixed to a physical input.
G-ii
logical output Output of a function internal to a relay, such
as logging an event.
matrixing Process of assigning inputs (actions) to outputs
(reactions).
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N) Relay function that
protects against a negative sequence voltage condition using
a definite time or inverse time characteristic. Tripping occurs
when the percent of negative phase sequence voltage
exceeds the preset value for a specified time. This function
resets instantaneously when the negative sequence voltage
drops below pickup.
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) A relay function that
protects against a neutral overcurrent condition by using a
selected time overcurrent characteristics curve to determine
the trip time. Tripping occurs when the neutral current
exceeds the programmed pickup at 100% or drops below
the pickup at 95% for a period of time equal to the delay time
setting. The pickup must remain active for the entire delay
time for a trip to occur. If the overcurrent condition subsides
in less time than the delay time, the pickup will go inactive
and the neutral time overcurrent function will reset. When
tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused the trip is
recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log.
overcurrent fault protection Process where current signals from sensors are converted to digital voltages by a resistor network and analog to digital converters in a trip unit. The
digital voltages are stored in temporary memory. A protection
microprocessor reads these voltages and compares their
values to the set of values entered by the user. When the
microprocessor detects an overcurrent condition, it's software begins to process a defined protection function. During
the process of the protection function, the microprocessor
continues monitoring the incoming current level data. If the
overcurrent condition continues until the processing is completed and the defined delay time has elapsed, a trip command is issued by the microprocessor. The trip command
causes an output signal to be sent to a coil in the tripping
actuator.
Overfrequency (81O) Relay function that protects against
an overfrequency condition. Tripping occurs when the frequency exceeds the programmed overfrequency pickup for
a period of time equal to the delay time setting. The pickup
must remain active for the entire delay time for a trip to occur.
If the overfrequency condition subsides in less time than the
delay time, the pickup will go inactive and the overfrequency
function will reset. When tripping occurs, the actual condition
that caused the trip is recorded in the device's nonvolatile
trip log. Pickup occurs when the frequency in greater than
the pickup setting.
parameter set Many protective functions of an ISGS relay
offer two sets of parameters—set A and set B. Each set can
be selected to be the active set that controls the relay. Separate parameter sets are useful for seasonal or special operation settings.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Glossary
Phase Sequence Voltage (47) Relay function that protects against a phase sequence voltage condition. Tripping
occurs when the phase sequence voltage indicated in the
hardware configuration is not present at the device voltage
inputs. This function operates without delay or inverse time
characteristic.
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) A relay function that protects against a phase overcurrent condition by using a
selected time overcurrent characteristics curve to determine
the trip time. Tripping occurs when any one phase current
exceeds the programmed pickup at 100% or drops below
the pickup at 95% for a period of time equal to the delay time
setting. The pickup must remain active for the entire delay
time for a trip to occur. If the overcurrent condition subsides
in less time than the delay time, the pickup will go inactive
and the phase time overcurrent function will reset. When tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused the trip is
recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log.
physical input Hardware connection to a device, such as
a binary input.
physical output A trip contact or binary output of a
device.
Pickup Begin of timing.
Pickup LED Light-emitting diode (red) indicating a protective function in pickup.
Pickup Source Voltage Parameter of the ISGS Overvoltage (59) protective function that indicates the VT connection.
If the VTs are connected line-to-ground, the device can
pickup up on line-to-line or line-to-ground voltages. If the VTs
are connected line-to-line, the VTs can only pickup on lineto-line voltages.
Power Flow A parameter of the CT Configuration function
that can be set to indicate whether power enters (normal) or
leaves (reverse) the polarity mark on the CTs.
Power On display The first LCD display shown when the
ISGS relay is powered on. Its first line indicates the relay configuration, the second line displays the relay's catalog number.
Power On Meter display The LCD display that automatically replaces the Power On display after five seconds when
the ISGS relay is powered on. Each line indicates a measured value that can be changed in address block 7000 of
an ISGS relay.
Qualified Person One who is familiar with the installation,
construction, and operation of this equipment, and the hazards involved. In addition, this person has the following qualifications: (1) training and authorization to energize, deenergize, clear, ground, and tag circuits and equipment in
accordance with the established safety practices; (2) training
in the proper care and use of protective equipment such as
rubber gloves, hard hat, safety glasses or face shields, flash
clothing, etc., in accordance with established safety procedures; (3) training in rendering first aid.
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
RMS filter Sensing method.
Setpoint In a feedback control loop, the point that determines the desired value of the quantity to be controlled.
standard operating procedures Routine steps describing how to display data, configure parameters, save
changes, and switch parameter sets when manually operating the ISGS relay.
system LED Light-emitting diode (green) indicating the
proper operation of the relay.
Time Delay A parameter of several ISGS protective functions that sets the time between pickup and trip. If the function remains in pickup for longer than the time delay, the
function causes a trip.
Time Dial Parameter of several ISGS protective functions
with characteristic curves that allows the raising or lowering
of the time-to-trip.
Trip Coil Continuity Relay function that can be enabled to
sense a trip coil continuity error and cause an action to be
taken and an event being logged if the a- and b-switches are
ever both continuously open for more than 100 ms. No other
time delay is implemented. When this function detects the
error, it is considered to be in pickup. It goes out of pickup
when the condition is no longer present.
Trip LED Light-emitting diode (red) indicating that a protective function or remote command has initiated a trip. Reset
by depressing the Target Reset key.
trip log Contains information of a protective function trip
event.
Trip Source Impedance Relay function that can be set to
monitor the trip supply voltage (auxiliary voltage, station battery) and perform an action if the voltage drops below ANSI
minimums. This function can only be used in true DC trip
systems.
tripping actuator Mechanism that is held in a charged
position with a permanent magnet while the circuit breaker is
open. When the mechanism is released, it causes the tripping of a circuit breaker. The output signal from a trip unit
energizes a coil inside the actuator causing the magnetic flux
to shift to a new path. This shift releases the stored energy of
a spring located inside the actuator and trips the circuit
breaker. When the circuit breaker mechanism opens, the
actuator is automatically returned to the charged-and-held
position by a reset mechanism. A second coil inside the tripping actuator is used to augment the holding power of the
permanent magnet during high short circuit conditions so
that stray magnetic fields will not cause unintended release
or demagnetization while the trip unit is in short time delay.
Underfrequency (81U) Relay function that protects
against an underfrequency condition. Tripping occurs when
the frequency drops below the programmed underfrequency
pickup for a period of time equal to the delay time setting.
The pickup must remain active for the entire delay time for a
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Glossary
trip to occur. If the underfrequency condition subsides in less
time than the delay time, the pickup will go inactive and the
underfrequency function will reset. When tripping occurs, the
actual condition that caused the trip is recorded in the
device's nonvolatile trip log. Pickup occurs when the frequency in greater than the pickup setting.
Undervoltage (27) Relay function that protects against a
line-to-line undervoltage condition. Tripping occurs when the
rms value of any one line-to-line voltage drops below the
programmed undervoltage pickup for a period of time equal
to the delay time setting. The pickup must remain active for
the entire delay time for a trip to occur. If the undervoltage
condition subsides in less time than the delay time, the
pickup will go inactive and the undervoltage function will
reset. When tripping occurs, the actual condition that caused
the trip is recorded in the device's nonvolatile trip log. Pickup
occurs when any one line-to-line voltage is less than the
pickup setting.
value supervision The ability of the ISGS relay to monitor
its own input and measurement functions for problems.
Voltage Balance Relay function that protects against an
unbalance in the phase voltages. The function monitors the
phase voltages for approximate balance (of equal magnitude). Balance is defined as the ratio of minimum to maximum voltage, where the maximum voltage is the largest and
the minimum voltage the smallest of the three phase voltages. The voltage is considered balanced and will not cause
an alarm if the voltage min/max ratio is larger than the voltage balance factor. The voltage balance factor indicates the
amount of unbalance tolerated before the function generates
an alarm. The function monitors for balance when the maximum voltage is larger than the voltage balance pickup value.
An alarm occurs when the min/max ration is smaller than the
voltage balance factor.
VT Configuration A function to set up an ISGS relay with
voltage input option to match VT primary rating and VT connection settings of an electrical distribution system.
Warning Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
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Index
A
D
AC (capacitor) trip systems 80
acceptance test procedures 63
active parameter set 40
alarm setpoints 29, 30
applicable standards 4
ary 36
Danger 2
data aquisition 43
date and time setting 41
DC trip system 79
default parameter set 40
definite inverse curve 56
definite inverse equation 55
demand intervals 29
demand parameters 29
device configuration 16
Directional Neutral or Ground Time
Overcurrent (67N) 3, 25
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) 24
Directional Time Overcurrent (67) 3
B
binary input status 36
binary inputs 31, 33
binary outputs 33
blocking 24, 31
Breaker Failure (50BF) 2, 28
breaker monitor reset 35
breaker monitoring 34
breaker operation function 36
breaker operations 36
breaker operations count 36
breaker operations reset 35
C
case grounding 6
catalog number 15
Caution 2
changing jumper position 17
Comm events 34
communications 3, 8
network (RS-485) 8
PC (RS-232) 8
configuration 18
CT 18
CT (diagram) 20
device 16
hardware 15
optional 3
standard 2
VT 18
configure
communications port 41
passwords 41
connection
internal 6, 7
cradle assembly 8
CT configuration 18
CT configuration (diagram) 20
current balance 38
current metering 46
current minimum/maximum log 44
current sum threshold 38
current summation 38
current values 46
custom protective curve 56
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
E
electromagnetic field 4
electrostatic discharge 4
energy reset 35
equation
definite inverse 55
overvoltage 57
standard time overcurrent 53
undervoltage 57
event log 43
extended storage 5
extremely inverse curve 55
F-G
field service operation 2
frequency metering 46
frequency minimum/maximum log 45
frequency values 46
front panel keys 9
H
hardware configuration 15
hardware status 36
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50HSN) 3, 22
High-Set Instantaneous Phase
Overcurrent (50HS) 3, 22
I
impulse 4
indicators 9
input circuit ratings 4
inserting cradle assembly 8
installation 5
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50N) 2, 22
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Index
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50) 2, 21
Intelligent SwitchGear System (ISGS) 1
internal connections 6, 7
inverse curve 53
isolation 4
I-Squared-T curve 56
jumper positions 16
operation
field service 2
optional configurations 3
output contact status 37
Overfrequency (81O) 3, 28
Overvoltage (59) 3, 26
overvoltage curves 56
overvoltage equation 57
K
P
keypad 9
paddles
illustration 5
parameter sets 21, 39
parameters
demand 29
operating 47
password 10
PC communications (RS-232) 8
Phase Sequence Voltage (47) 3, 27
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) 2, 23
pickup 21
pickup LED 9
power conventions 59
power flow 18
power metering 46
power minimum/maximum log 45
Power On 15
Power On display 15
Power On Meter display 15
power setpoints 30
power supply 4
power values 46
product description 2
protection
Breaker Failure (50BF) 2, 28
Directional Neutral or Ground Time
Overcurrent (67N) 25
Directional Phase Time Overcurrent (67) 24
Directional Time Overcurrent (67) 3
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50 HSN) 3
High-Set Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50HSN) 22
High-Set Instantaneous Phase
Overcurrent (50HS) 3, 22
Instantaneous Neutral or Ground
Overcurrent (50N) 2, 22
Instantaneous Phase Overcurrent (50) 2, 21
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N) 3, 27
Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent (51N) 2
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) 23
Overfrequency (81O) 3, 28
J
L
LCD 10
LEDs 9
log reset 35
logs
current minimum/maximum 44
event 43
frequency minimum/maximum 45
minimum/maximum 44
power minimum/maximum 45
trip 43
voltage minimum/maximum 45
long inverse curve 54
M
marshalling 31
matrixing events to outputs 31
matrixing procedure 32
menu structure 11, 60
meter display 47
metered data 46
metering 3
current 46
frequency 46
power 46
voltage 46
metering accuracy 58
min/max log reset 35
Min/Max logs 44
moderately inverse curve 54
moderately inverse overvoltage curve 57
moderately inverse undervoltage curve 57
mounting 5
mounting dimensions 5
N
Negative Sequence Voltage (47N) 3, 27
network communications (RS-485) 8
Neutral or Ground Time Overcurrent (51N) 2
Neutral Time Overcurrent (51N) 23
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Index
protection (contl)
Overvoltage (59) 3, 26
Phase Sequence Voltage (47) 3, 27
Phase Time Overcurrent (51) 2, 23
Underfrequency (81U) 3, 28
Undervoltage (27) 3
Q
qualified person 1
R
relay data function 36
removing cradle assembly 8
reset function 35
S
safety 1
self-monitoring 37
setpoints 29
alarm 29, 30
power 30
setting binary input voltages 16
short inverse curve 54
slightly inverse curve 55
specifications
applicable standards 4
electromagnetic field 4
electrostatic discharge 4
impulse 4
input circuit ratings 4
isolation 4
power supply 4
surge withstand capability 4
technical data 4
trip circuit 4
standard configuration 2
standard operating procedures 11, 13
standard time overcurrent equation 53
startup 15
storage temperature 5
storing 5
sum of interrupted current reset 35
surge withstand capability 4
system LED 9
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
T
technical data 4
technical specifications 4
terminal locations 6
trip 21
trip circuit 4
trip contacts 34
trip curve equations 53
trip curves 53
trip LED 9, 10
trip log reset 35
trip logs 43
U
Underfrequency (81U) 3, 28
Undervoltage (27) 3, 26
undervoltage curves 56
undervoltage equation 57
unpacking 5
user interface 9
V
Value supervision 37
very inverse curve 54
voltage balance 37
voltage balance threshold 38
voltage metering 46
voltage minimum/maximum log 45
voltage values 46
VT configuration 18
W-Z
Warning 2
waveform buffer
reading via communications 8
waveform capture 47
wiring 6
Wisdom 3
Demo mode 51
menus 49
setup 49
Wisdom software 32, 49
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Notes:
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Siemens Energy
& Automation, Inc.
Protective Relay Group
Customer Service
P.O. Box 29503
Raleigh, NC 27626-0503
Protective Relays Service Request Form
To report problems with Siemens protective relays, make a copy of this form, complete it with as much information as you can, and fax it to Siemens Customer Service at 919-365-2583. Call customer service during
regular business hours at 919-365-2395. For emergency service call 1-800-241-4453.
Customer Information
Company name:
Contact person at job site:
Contact person’s phone number:
Contact person’s fax number:
Location of installed device:
Product Information
Device type:
Serial Number:
Catalog number:
Sales Order Number:
Configuration Information
Operational settings:
Parameters:
Wiring:
Type of system:
Form: SG6014-00
0496
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
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Accessories Used
Communications software:
Other devices:
Problem Description
Error Messages
To be completed by Siemens:
Received by:
Problem report tracking number:
Date:
Reviewed by:
Date:
Problem classification code:
Sales engineer:
Corrective action taken:
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Form: SG6014-00 0496
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_fx.frm Page 1 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
FAX ORDER FORM
TM
Wisdom Software
Wisdom software (for Windows®) simplifies the configuration
of your ISGS™ relay. For a free copy, complete this form and
fax it to:
Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
Protective Relay Group
FAX in US: 919-365-2552
Name (First, Middle Initial, Last)
Company Name
Title
Address
City
State
Zip Code
Country
Telephone
Fax
E-Mail Address
Siemens Sales Representative
User
Distributor
Contractor
Are you currently using an ISGS relay?
Utility
Yes
OEM
No
To download this software directly from the World Wide
Web, visit our web site: http://www.sea.siemens.com
and Search for Wisdom Software.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
SIEMENS is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
ISGS and Wisdom are trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_fc.frm Page 3 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
isv3o_1.bk : isv3o_fc.frm Page 4 Wednesday, August 7, 1996 10:51 AM
Siemens Energy &
Automation, Inc.
Power Apparatus & Conditioning
Division
P.O. Box 29503
Raleigh, NC 27626-0503
Manual No. SG8158-00 1MTD 0896
Printed in U.S.A.
© 1996 Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
SIEMENS is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.