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User’s Guide
Stylus
™
1000
®
EPSON
Printer Parts
control panel
paper feeder
paper support
manual feed slot
parallel interface
access panel
-J.L
AC inlet
EPSON
48-NOZZLE INK JET PRINTER
S t y l u s 1000
All rights reserved, No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information
contained herein.
Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of this
product or third parties for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by purchaser or
third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product or unauthorized
modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product, or (excluding the US) failure to
strictly comply with Seiko Epson Corporation’s operating and maintenance instructions.
Seiko Epson Corporation shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from
the use of any options or any consumable products other than those designated as
Original Epson Products or Epson Approved Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.
Epson and Epson ESC/P are registered trademarks and Epson ESC/P 2 is a trademark of
Seiko Epson Corporation.
Helvetica and Times are trademarks of Linotype AG and/or its subsidiaries.
LocalTalk is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Copyright 0 1993 by Seiko Epson Corporation
Nagano, Japan
User’s Guide
Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read all of these instructions before you set up your printer.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the printer.
3.
Unplug the printer from the wall outlet before you clean it,
and use a damp cloth for cleaning, not liquid or aerosol
cleaners.
4.
Do not use your printer near water or spill any liquid on it.
5.
Do not place the printer on an unstable cart, stand, table, or
other surface that may allow the printer to fall.
6.
Do not block any slots or openings in the cabinet. These are
provided for the ventilation necessary to ensure reliable
operation and protection from overheating. Placing the
printer on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface may
block the openings. Also, do not place the printer in a
built-in installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
7.
Never place the printer near or over a radiator or heat
register.
8.
Use the type of power source indicated on the label. If you
are not sure of the type of power available, consult your
dealer or local power company.
9.
This printer may be equipped with a plug having a third
(grounding) pin, which fits only into a grounding-type
outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert
the plug into the outlet, have an electrician replace your
obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the
grounding-type plug.
10. Do not put your printer where the cord will be walked on.
...
iii
11. If you use an extension cord, make sure that the total of the
ampere ratings on the products plugged into the extension
cord does not exceed the extension cord’s ampere rating.
Also, make sure that the total of all products plugged into
the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
12. Never push objects of any kind into your printer because
they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts
that could result in a risk of fire or electric shock.
13. Except as specifically explained in the user’s manual, do not
attempt to repair the printer yourself. This could expose
you to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all
servicing in those compartments to service personnel.
14. Unplug the printer from the wall outlet and have it repaired
by a qualified service person under the following
conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
B. If liquid has been spilled into it
C. If it has been exposed to rain or water
D. If it does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls
that are covered by the operating instructions since
improper adjustment of other controls may result in
damage and will often require extensive work by a
qualified technician to restore the printer to normal
operation.
E. If it has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
F. If it exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating
a need for service.
iv
FCC Compliance Statement
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
P Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
0 Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Cl Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Q Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to
unused interfaces. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer
could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioelectrique edict6 par le Ministere des Communications du Canada.
Tips for Printing on Single Sheets
When you print on single sheets, you may notice that your
printer prints the first page of your file correctly but then
prints too low on the next page, or that it prints the last few
lines from one page onto the next.
These differences in print position are easy to adjust; you can
simply change some of the settings in your application
program as described below to get the right results.
1.
When you install an application program, it normally asks
you what printer you are using. Make sure you choose the
correct printer. See Chapter 1 for, the right printer to
choose.
2.
Many programs include an option to set the maximum lines
per page. If your program has a lines-per-page setting and
you are using 8.5 x ll-inch paper, set the lines per page to
61; for A4, try 65.
Note:
Tofind the right lines-per-page settingfor paper that is not 8.5 x 12,
create a test document using your application program. Set your top
and bottom margins to 0 and then create a file of numbered lines from
1 to 66. When you print yourfile, notice the last number printed on
the first page. This is your maximum lines-per-page setting.
3.
If your program doesn’t have a lines-per-page setting, try
decreasing the top margin or increasing the bottom
margin, or both, until you get the results you want.
4.
You can also try adjusting the form length setting. For a
standard 8.5 x ll-inch page, try setting the form length at
10 inches (10.5 inches for A4).
5.
Some programs also let you indicate whether you are using
single sheets or continuous paper. Make sure you choose
single sheets.
V
Contents
Introduction
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HowtoUseThisManual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.2
.2
.3
Chapter 1 Setting Up the Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2
A few precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2
Choosing the right paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Attaching the paper support and the paper separators . . l-6
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-7
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-8
Installing the Ink Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-9
Loading Paper in the Paper Feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-13
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-15
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-17
Setting Up Your Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-18
Chapter 2 Paper Handling
Printing on Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips on using the paper feeder . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the loading position-Adjusting
print position
Loading paper manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
. . . . . , 2-2
. . . . . .2-2
the
. . . . . .2-5
Using Continuous Paper with Optional Push Tractor . . . . .
Installing the push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips on using continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the tear-off feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets . . .
Switching to single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching to continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on envelopes
Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-16
2-18
Chapter 3 Using the Printer
Operating the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting Character Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scalable fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensed printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Default-Settings Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default settings descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character table -Auto print direction Continuous-paper page length Skip-over-perforation -Network interface mode
-Mixed text/graphics mode -Auto line feed Auto interface selection - Auto interface wait
time -Tear off
Changing the default settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Interface Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an interface card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The C82305*/C82306* serialinterface card . . . . . . . .
Selecting a baud rate -Handshake timing Error handling
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-9
3-11
3-15
3-16
3-17
vii
Maintenance and Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the ink cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the print head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transporting the printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clearing a paper jam-Preventing paper feeding
and paper jam problems
.3-18
.3-18
.3-20
.3-20
.3-21
.3-22
.3-22
.3-24
.3-25
. 3-29
Appendix
Technical Specifications . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Printer specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Printing-Paper-Mechanical-ElectricalEnvironmental-Safety approvals
Interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7
Specifications and pin assignments-Interface
timing
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-10
Default settings
Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11
Sending printer commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11
Using the command summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
General operation-Paper feeding--Page
format-Print position motion-Font selectionFont enhancement-Spacing-Character
handling-Graphics-Bit image
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-20
Glossary
Index
...
V111
Your new Epson printer is a 48-nozzle ink jet printer, ideal for
quiet, high-speed printing.
Features
Your printer offers the following features:
*
High print quality. Epson’s new ink jet technology delivers
crisp 360 x 360 dot-per-inch (dpi) text and graphics.
*
Flexible paper handling. Use the built-in paper feeder to
load up to 100 sheets automatically. You can also insert
envelopes or single pages manually without removing the
paper supply.
*
Wide range of paper size with 136 printable columns. You
can print on paper up to A3 size: 297 mm x 420 mm (11.7
inches x 16.5 inches) using the paper feeder. You can
manually insert paper up to 420 mm x 420 mm (16.5 inches
x 16.5 inches).
*
Quiet printing. Ink jet technology helps maintain a quiet
working environment.
*
Epson ESC / P 2?’ This enhanced printer control language
adds scalable fonts and improved graphics capability.
*
Compatibility. Supports the Epson ESCI I@ commands
widely used in software written for other Epson printers.
*
Convenience. Drop-in ink cartridge prints up to 700 pages.
(at 1000 characters per page, using the Roman font)
Introduction 2
Options
The following options enable you to make full use of your
printer.
0 Push-Tractor Unit (C80029*)
With this option you can print on continuous paper as well
as single sheets. See Chapter 2 for details.
0 Interface Cards
Optional interface cards, including one for LocalTall<: are
available to supplement the printer’s built-in parallel
interface. See Chapter 3 for details.
How to Use This Manual
Here’s what you’ll find in this book:
a
Chapter 1 describes how to unpack and set up the printer.
It also describes printing a self test and configuring your
software for the printer. These instructions include basic
directions regarding the ink, paper, and placement of the
printer; be sure to read and follow these instructions
carefully.
cl Chapter 2 explains paper handling. It contains instructions
on using the optional push tractor and printing on special
paper.
a
Chapter 3 covers operating the control panel, changing
printer settings, the use of options, and maintenance and
troubleshooting.
a The Appendix includes printer specifications, commands,
and character tables.
a
A glossary of printer terms and an index are included at
the end.
2 Introduction
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Warnings must be followed carefully to avoid bodily injury.
Cautions must be observed to avoid damage to your equipment.
Notes contain important information and usefu? tips on the operation
of your printer.
Where to Get Help for United States Users
Epson America provides local customer support and service
through a nationwide network of authorized Epson dealers
and Service Centers.
Epson also provides the following support services through
the Epson ConnectionSM at (800) 922-8911:
a
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
a
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
a
Information on ESC/ P 2 drivers for your software
a
Sales of the ESC / P reference manual, which contains
comprehensive information on ESC / P 2
a Epson technical information library fax service
a
Product literature with technical specifications on our
current and new products
a
Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and
accessories for your Epson product
a
Customer Relations
Introduction 3
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A few precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the right paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
l-2
l-2
l-4
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-5
Attaching the paper support and the paper separators . . . l-6
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . , l-7
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-8
Installing the Ink Cartridge
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Paper in the Paper Feeder . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . l-13
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-15
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . l-17
Setting Up Your Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-18
Setting Up the Printer
1-1
About Your Ink Jet Printer
If you’re new to ink jet printers, you may wonder how they
differ from dot matrix or laser printers. Two noticeable benefits
of this technology are high print quality and quiet printing.
An ink jet printer produces cost-effective, high-quality print
results. When you use the right paper, you get the crisp, sharp
printouts usually associated with laser printers. And the ink
cartridge inside your printer is easier to replace and more
affordable than the toner cartridges used by lasers.
Inside the ink jet print head, tiny spray units, or jets, draw ink
from the cartridge and then propel it onto the page in the form
of characters or graphics. Because the print head doesn’t strike
the page as it prints, an ink jet printer is much quieter than an
impact dot-matrix printer.
A few precautions
Even if you are familiar with other types of printers, be sure to
read through the following list of precautions to operate your
ink jet printer safely and efficiently.
1-2
0
The ink cartridge contains ethyl alcohol. Under normal
circumstances, it will not come out of the cartridge. If
leakage occurs, however, make sure ink does not come in
contact with your skin or eyes. If it does get on your skin,
wash it off with soap and water. If it gets in your eyes,
flush them with plenty of water and contact a physician.
Cl
Keep ink cartridges out of the reach of children.
LI
Do not dismantle the ink cartridges or try to refill them.
Cl
Once you install the ink cartridge, do not open the clamp
or remove the ink cartridge except to replace it with a new
one. The cartridge may become unusable otherwise.
Setting Up the Printer
_______-
Ll
Install the ink cartridge immediately after you remove it
from its package. Leaving the cartridge unpacked for a
long time before use may result in poor print quality.
Do not use an ink cartridge beyond its rated life
expectancy. Ink cartridges are good up to the date printed
on the cartridge carton.
Do not shake an ink cartridge. Shaking or swinging an ink
cartridge may cause leakage of ink.
Ll
Do not put your hand inside the printer or touch the
cartridge during printing.
Before transporting the printer, make sure the print head is
capped, and do not remove the ink cartridge.
Before you turn off the printer, make sure that the print head is
capped. (It is capped when it is in the far right position as
shown below.) The printer caps the print head when no data is
received for several seconds; you can also cap the print head
by pressing the PAUSE button.
Setting Up the Printer
1-3
Choosing the right paper
One of the keys to getting great results with your ink jet printer
is selecting the right paper. With paper that is too absorbent,
the ink can bleed slightly, causing characters to blur. With
paper that is not absorbent enough, the ink may take too long
to dry and may smear easily.
The finish and thickness of the paper are also important. Avoid
paper that has a rough finish or a slick, coated finish. Also,
avoid paper that is too thick or too thin. See the paper
specifications in the Appendix for more information.
Most correspondence-quality paper works in your printer
without problems. However, it is a good practice to test any
paper or envelopes in your printer before buying large
quantities.
To test a supply of paper, perform the self test using a single
sheet from the package and check the results. Test both sides of
the paper to determine which gives you the best quality
printing. If the ink does not bleed or smear, the paper should
be suitable for use with your printer.
Because the drying speed for the ink depends on the pattern
being printed, the type of paper used, and the temperature and
humidity, some smudging or streaking may occur under
certain conditions. If the ink does not dry quickly enough, try
removing sheets one at a time as they finish printing.
Note:
d Ink jet printers are particularly sensitive to the condition of your
paper. Keep unused paper in its original packaging material and
store it in a cool, d y place.
Ll
Use recycled paper under normal temperature and humidity
conditions only. Poor quality paper may reduce print quality, as
well as cause paper jams and other problems. If you encounter
problems, switch to a higher grade qf paper.
____-
1-4
Setting Up the Printer --
-
Unpacking the Printer
Your printer box should include these items:
Ink cartridge
Printer
Power cord
0 %/1//
Notice sheet
Paper support
Paper separator
In some locations, the power cord comes attached to the
printer. The shape of the AC plug varies by country; be sure
the plug included is the right shape for your location.
q
Caution:
It is not possible to change the printer’s voltage. Check the label
on the back of the printer to make sure the printer’s voltage
matches your electrical outlet. lf not, con&t your dealer.
You must remove all packing and protective materials packed
with your printer before you can set it up and turn on the
power. Follow the directions on the Notice Sheet (inserted in
your printer) to remove these materials.
Setting Up the Printer
1-5
Attaching the paper support and the paper separators
You should install the paper support and the paper separators
before you begin using the printer. To install, follow the steps
below.
1-6
1.
Attach the paper support. Grasp the paper support and
place the right end notch over the mounting post of the
printer. Then, push the left notch onto the left mounting
post.
2.
Attach the paper separators. Hold the first paper separator
upright and push the tips into the notches. Then lower the
paper separator. Repeat for the second paper separator.
Setting Up the Printer
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When selecting a location for your printer, follow these
guidelines:
Place the printer on a flat, horizontal, stable surface. If the
printer is tilted or at an angle, it cannot operate properly.
Place the printer close enough to the computer for the
interface cable to reach it easily.
Leave adequate room for easy operation and maintenance.
Avoid using or storing the printer in places subject to rapid
changes in temperature and humidity. Also keep it away
from direct sunlight, strong light sources, or heat
generating devices.
Avoid places subject to shocks and vibrations.
Place the printer where you can easily unplug the power
cord.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or
automatic timers. Also, avoid outlets on the same circuit as
large motors or other appliances that can cause
fluctuations in line voltage.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential
sources of electromagnetic interference, such as
loudspeakers or the base units of cordless telephones.
Use a grounded power outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
When you use continuous paper, make sure the paper path
is not obstructed. See Chapter 2 for details.
If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
Q Use a stand that supports at least 17.2 kg (38 lbs.).
Setting Up the Printer
1-7
Cl
Never use a stand that tilts the printer. It should always be
kept level.
Cl
Place cables so they do not interfere with paper feeding;
secure them to a leg of the stand if possible.
Plugging in the Printer
1.
Make sure that the power switch is turned off. It is off when
the “G” side of the switch is pressed down.
2.
Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage required by the printer matches that of your
electrical outlet. Also, make sure that you have the correct
power cable for your power source.
Caution:
It is not possible to change the printer‘s voltage. If the rated
voltage and your outlet voltage do not match, contact your
dealerfor assistance. Do not plug in the power cord.
1-8
3.
If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect it to
the AC inlet on the back of the printer.
4.
Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical
outlet.
Setting Up the Printer
Installing the Ink Cartridge
Each ink cartridge contains enough ink to print about 700
pages. The exact number of pages a single cartridge can print
varies according to the amount of text and graphics on each
page.
Warning:
0 The ink cartridge is a self-contained unit. Under ordinary use,
ink will not leakfrom the cartridge. If ink does come out, avoid
contact with skin and eyes. lf ink gets into your eyes,fIush
them immediately with plenty of water and contact a
physician. Wash all traces of inkfrom your skin with soap and
water. lf irritation occurs, contact a physician.
The first time you use your new printer, you need to charge the
ink delivery system with ink. You need to perform this
operation only once.
Install the ink cartridge as follows:
Note:
Do not open the ink cartridge package until just before you install the
cartridge, OY the ink may dry up.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Hold down both the ALT and PAUSE buttons while you turn
on the printer. Release the buttons after the printer starts
initializing; the print head then moves to the ink cartridge
replace position.
Setting Up the Printer
1-9
Open the printer cover.
3.
4.
Pull the top of the ink cartridge clamp towards you to open
it.
~~
-
1-10 Setting Up the Printer
-
-
5.
Open the foil package containing the ink cartridge and
remove it from the protective cardboard. Make sure to
remove the tape seal from the ink cartridge.
6.
Lower the cartridge into the holder with the label face up
and the arrow mark on the cartridge towards the arrow
mark on the printer case.
Setting Up the Printer
1-11
7.
Push the ink cartridge clamp towards the back of the printer
to secure the cartridge.
R
8.
Caution:
Once you install the ink cartridge, do not open the clamp or
remove the ink cartridge except to replace it with a new one.
The cartridge may bec&e unusable otherwise.
Press the ALT button again to charge the ink delivery system.
It takes about one minute.
The PAUSE light flashes throughout the cycle and turns off
when the ink charging has finished.
R
9.
1-12
Caution:
Do not turn offor reset the printer until the ink-charging cycle
is complete.
Close the printer cover.
Setting Up the Printer
After you charge the ink delivery system, you can use the
built-in self test to make sure the printer is working properly.
You can run the self test with paper from the built-in paper
feeder or by feeding a sheet manually. This section describes
loading paper in the paper feeder.
1.
Open the paper feeder cover while holding up the lever on
2.
Slowly slide the right edge guide as far to the left as it will
go, and align it to the guide mark. Then adjust the left edge
guide to match the width of your paper. You may also use
the guide mark for A4 size paper (or letter /legal size paper
for the U.S. version). When you load paper 420 mm (16.5
inches) wide, move the right edge guide as far to the right
as it will go.
420.mm wide paper
C : Letter landscape
D :A4 landscape
E : Legal landscape
F : B4 landscape
Setting Up the Printer
1-13
3.
Move the center support to the center of both edge guides.
When you load paper in the landscape direction, adjust the
center support until you can see the paper size you are
using through the cutout in the center support.
4.
Fan a stack of paper; then tap it on a flat surface to even the
edges. While aligning the paper’s edges with the edge
guides, insert it with the printable surface face down all the
way into the paper feeder until it meets resistance.
Note:
The paperfeeder holds up to 100 sheets (the maximum for 64-g/m’ or
I6-lb. paper). Do not load paper higher than the mark on the edge
guide.
1-14
Setting Up the Printer
5.
Close the paper feeder cover.
When you send data to the printer or when you run the self
test, the printer advances the paper to the loading position and
starts printing.
Now you are ready to run the self test. For more about printing
with the paper feeder, be sure to read “Tips for Using the
Paper Feeder” in Chapter 2.
Testing the Printer
When using the paper feeder, the self test begins by printing
on the first and last lines of page 1; this allows the printer to
measure the page length. Then the printer prints character
samples on page 2.
Note:
Use paper at least 360 mm (14 inches) wide; otherwise, the print head
prints directly on the platen and shortens your printer life. The paper
feeder holds up to 200 sheets (the maximum for 64-g/m’ or 16-lb.
paper).
Follow these steps to run the self test:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
While holding down the FONT button (LQ mode) or the
LOAD/EJECT button (draft mode), turn on the printer.
The printer loads a sheet of paper from the paper feeder and
begins the self test. It prints on the first and last lines of
page 1 to measure the page length. Then the printer prints
character samples on page 2.
Setting Up the Printer
1-15
In LQ mode, the printer prints characters in each font, in the
order the fonts appear on the control panel. Here is part of
a typical self test:
Courier
!"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR
'"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;(=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRS
"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST~
#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU'
$%I&'()*+,-./0123456789 :;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVl
%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU~
&R?2;)n*;,-./O123456789., .*<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWX
'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ~]"_‘abcdefghi~
()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[U*'_'abcdefghij
)*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNO~RSTUVWXYZN*~abcdefghij~
1-16
3.
The test continues until the paper in the paper feeder runs
out or you press the PAUSE button. To stop the test, press
the PAUSE button. To resume the test, press the PAUSE
button again.
4.
To end the self test, press the PAUSE button to stop printing
and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the paper.
5.
Turn off the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test prints correctly, you are ready to connect your
printer to the computer. You need a shielded, twisted-pair
parallel cable to connect your computer to the printer’s built-in
parallel interface.
Follow these steps:
1.
Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off.
2.
Plug the cable connector securely into the printer’s interface
connector.
3.
Squeeze the wire clips together until they lock in place on
both sides. If your cable has a ground wire, connect it to the
ground connector above the interface connector.
4.
Plug the other end of the cable into the computer’s parallel
interface. If there is a ground wire at the computer end of
the cable, connect it to the ground connector at the back of
the computer.
Setting Up the P r i n t e r 1 - 1 7
Setting Up Your Software Programs
Most software programs let you specify the type of printer you
use so that the software can take full advantage of the printer’s
features. Many provide an installation or setup menu that
presents a list of printers.
To take full advantage of your printer’s features, including
ESC/P 2, choose one of the ESC/P 2 printers on the list below.
If none of these is listed, contact your software manufacturer
for an update that includes one of these. Until you receive an
update, choose another printer as close to the top of the list as
possible.
Stylus 1000
Stylus 800
SQ-870/1170
LQ-870/1170
LQ-570/1070
ESC/P 2
SQ-850/2550
SQ-850+/ 1050+
LQ-550/1010
LQ-2550
LQ-8OO/lOOO
LQ-1500
ESC/P
If none of these printers is listed among your software’s
options, select the first one available from the following: LQ,
EX, FX, LX, RX, MX, Epson printer, Standard printer, and Draft
printer.
After you select the most appropriate printer as described
above, you may want to create and print a sample file with the
fonts and formats that you use most often. Printing the sample
file shows you how the printer works with your software.
If the printing results are not what you expect, see
“Troubleshooting” in Chapter 3 or consult your computer or
software manual.
1-18
Setting Up the &inter
Chapter 2
Paper Handling
Printing on Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips on using the paper feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Continuous Paper with Optional Push Tractor
Installing the push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tips on using continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the tear-off feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the push tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
2-2
2-2
2-5
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-11
2-12
2-13
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets . . . 2-14
Switching to single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . 2-14
Switching to continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
2-16
2-18
Paper Handling 2-1
Printing on Single Sheets
You can load single sheets up to 420 mm (16.5 inches) wide
using the built-in paper feeder or the manual insertion slot.
Tips on using the paper feeder
For the steps on using the paper feeder, see “Loading paper in
the paper feeder” in Chapter 1. Following the tips below will
give you the best performance when loading paper with the
paper feeder.
Ll
Load paper into the paper feeder before you turn on the
printer or send data. When the printer receives data from
the computer, it loads a single sheet and begins to print.
Cl
If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, reload
the paper feeder and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to
continue printing.
tl
Press the LOAD/EJECT button if you need to eject a sheet
of loaded paper.
Cl
You can switch to either manual loading or to the optional
push tractor without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder. For details, see “Loading paper manually” or
“Switching to continuous paper” later in this chapter.
U
If the ink does not dry fast enough, try removing sheets
one at a time as they finish printing.
Q
The default page length for paper loaded from the paper
feeder is 61 lines (letter-size paper) or 65 lines (A4-size
paper). You can change it using your software or printer
commands, if necessary. See the Appendix for more about
printer commands.
2-2 Paper Handling
Q
Because most software takes care of the top and bottom
margins, you should usually adjust the margins by using
your software, taking the printer’s default loading position
into account.
c3
You can use the printer’s micro-feed feature to adjust the
paper loading position or to adjust the current print
position during a print job. See below.
Adjusting the loading position
The loading position is the position of the paper when the
printer loads it. If printing is too high or low on the page,
change the loading position with the micro-feed feature.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned on.
2.
Load a sheet of paper from the paper feeder by pressing the
LOAD/EJECT button.
3.
Open the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
4.
As soon as the paper is loaded, hold down the ALT button
and press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button to move
the loading position up l/180 inch, or the FONT button to
move the loading position down l/180 inch. Continue
pressing the appropriate button until you reach the
position you want.
5.
Close the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
6.
Send data from the computer to start printing.
Ll The printer has a minimum and maximum loading
position. If you try to move the loading position beyond
these limits, the printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
Ll
When the paper reaches the factory-set loading position,
the printer beeps. Use the factory setting as a reference
point when adjusting the loading position.
Paper Handling 2-3
The pointer on the print head indicates the base line of
printed characters. (You may have to experiment a few
times to get the results you want.)
__---------
3a.xw 3a.xw
When you adjust the loading position for single-sheet
paper, the printer remembers the new position only until
you turn off the power. The loading position returns to the
factory setting when the power is turned on again.
Adjusting the print position
The print position is the position on the page where the print
head is currently printing. If you want to change the current
vertical print position, you can use the micro-feed feature as
follows:
1.
Press the PAUSE button to stop printing; the PAUSE light
comes on.
2.
Hold down the ALT button and press the
ECONOMY/CONDENSED (up) or FONT (down) button to
adjust the print position on the page.
3.
Press the PAUSE button again to resume printing. (You may
have to experiment a few times to get the results you
want.)
2-4 Paper Handling
Note:
The printer has a limit-S.0 mm (0.31 inches)-to the amount you
can move the vertical print position backwards using micro feed.
Feeding stops when you reach this limit.
Loading paper manually
You can load single sheets of paper or envelopes from the
manual feed slot without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder.
You can use the manual feed slot to load single sheets of paper
from 182 mm (7.2 inches) to 420 mm (16.5 inches) wide and
long.
When you load paper manually, you can use the printer’s
micro-feed feature, just as when you load paper from the paper
feeder.
Follow these steps to load a single sheet in the manual feed
slot:
1.
Turn on the printer. Lower both sides of the page eject guide.
Note:
Ifa sheet of paper is in the slot before you turn on the printer, the
paper is ejected with nothing printed.
Paper Handling 2-5
2.
Insert a single sheet of paper into the slot until it meets
resistance, aligning the right edge of the paper with the
arrow mark on the printer. When you use paper 420 mm
(16.5 inches) wide, align the right edge of the paper with
the right end.
3.
The printer loads the sheet.
Note:
lf the sheet does not load straight, press the LOAD/EJEClbutton to
eject it. Then try loading if again.
4.
Send data from the computer to start printing.
When the printer finishes printing, it ejects the sheet. If the
sheet does not come all the way out, press the LOAD/EJECT
button.
Press the LOAD/EJECT button or send data to the printer
without inserting a sheet into the manual slot to switch back to
the paper feeder. The page eject guides raise automatically.
The printer then loads a sheet of paper from the paper feeder.
Note:
lf the ink does not dry fast enough, fry removing sheets one af a time
as theyfinish printing.
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper with Optional Push Tractor
You can use the optional push tractor to print on continuous
paper from 102 mm (4 inches) to 406 mm (16 inches) wide.
Installing the push tractor
0
Warning:
Be careful not to touch the part of the access panel or push
tractor that fits inside the printer.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Then insert your fingers
into the cutouts on both sides of the access panel; pull
straight back on the top of the cutouts to remove the access
panel from the printer.
2.
Push the release lever of the tractor down to the single-sheet
position.
Paper Handling
2-7
3.
Grasp both ends of the tractor and push it into the printer, as
shown below, until it locks in place.
Loading continuous paper
1.
Place the supply of continuous paper behind the printer so
that the printer feeds the paper smoothly. Make sure the
paper path is not obstructed, and allow the printed pages
to be stacked in front of the printer. See below for an
illustration of proper paper placement.
2-8 Paper Handling
2.
Release the sprocket units by raising the sprocket-lock levers.
Align one sprocket unit with the mark as shown below.
Slide the other sprocket unit to match the width of your
paper, but do not lock it.
3.
Position the center support midway between the two
sprocket units.
4.
Open both sprocket covers.
Paper Handling 2-9
5.
Fit the first four holes of the paper over the sprocket pins,
and then close the sprocket covers.
6.
Slide the left sprocket unit to remove any slack in the paper.
Then lower the sprocket-lock levers until they lock into
place.
2-10 Paper Handling
7.
Raise the release lever to the continuous-paper position.
8.
Raise the paper separators and remove them.
9.
Lower both sides of the page eject guide as shown on page
2-5. Turn on the printer. When it receives data, it advances
the paper to the loading position and starts printing.
Tips on using continuous paper
Follow the tips below for the best performance when printing
on continuous paper.
If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, attach
additional paper to the push tractor and press the
LOAD/EJECT button to continue printing.
Paper Handling 2-11
D
You can switch to single sheets without removing the
paper supply from the push tractor. For instructions, see
“Switching to single sheets” later in this chapter.
Q
You can use the printer’s micro-feed feature to adjust the
position, just as when you load single sheets. The printer
remembers this new position even after you turn it off. See
page 2-3.
When you turn on the printer with paper loaded, it
reverses the paper to the paper-park position and then
advances it to the next page. To keep the loading position
accurate, remove any printed sheets before you turn off the
printer .
Using the tear-off feature
After you have finished printing, you can use the tear-off
feature to advance paper to the tear-off edge of the printer. You
can then easily tear off printed sheets. When you resume
printing, the printer feeds paper back to the loading position.
This feature lets you save paper that would normally be lost
between documents.
To use the tear-off feature, turn the tear-off mode on using the
default-settings mode as described in Chapter 3.
The printer advances paper to the tear-off position only when
the printer receives a full page of data or a form-feed command
and no more data is received for three seconds.
I Caution:
1 Never use the tear-offfeature with labels. When fed
backward, labels may come off the backing and jam the
printer.
U
When you use labels, alzuays turn the tear-off mode off
using the defrzult-settings mode.
2-12 Paper Handling
If the perforation is not aligned with the tear-off edge, adjust
the tear-off position as follows:
1.
Make sure the paper is in the tear-off position.
2.
While holding down the ALT button, press the
ECONOMY/CONDENSED (up) or FONT (down) button to
adjust the position. The printer remembers the new
position even after you turn it off.
3.
Tear off any printed pages.
Note:
Q The printer has a minimum and maximum tear-offposition. If
you try to move the tear-ofiposition beyond these limits, the
printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
U
When the paper reaches the factory-set tear-off position, the
printer beeps. Use the factory setting as a reference point when
adjusting the tear-oflposition.
Removing the push tractor
1.
Tear off any printed pages. Press the LOAD/EJECT button to
feed the paper backward out of the printer and into the
paper-park position. Remove the paper from the push
tractor.
R
Caution:
U Never feed labels backzuard. To remove labels from the
printer, see “Labels“ later in this chapter.
U
Make sure you tear offyour printed document before
feeding paper backzuard. Reverse feeding several pages at a
time may cause a paper jam.
2.
Turn off the printer. Attach the paper separators as shown on
page l-6.
3.
Lower the release lever to the single-sheet position.
Paper Handling 2-13
4.
Pull up on both levers on the sides of the bottom of the
tractor and pull the tractor out of the printer.
5.
Replace the access panel.
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single
Sheets
When using the push tractor, you can easily switch to
single-sheet printing without removing the continuous paper.
Switching to single sheets
To switch from continuous paper to single sheets, follow the
steps below.
2-14 Paper Handling
1.
If any printed sheets remain in the printer, tear off the
printed pages.
2.
Press the LOAD/EJECT button. The printer feeds the
continuous paper backward to the paper-park position.
R
Caution:
U Always tear offpaper before back-feeding; back-feeding too
many sheets can cause a paper jam.
0
3.
Nezler back-feed labels. Labels call easily come qf their
backing and jam the printer.
Move the release lever to the single-sheet position.
Note:
If the prilz ter beeps, raise the release lever and press the LOA D/EJECT
button to feed the paper backwnrds to the paper-park position. You can
thcrz lower the lever again.
4.
Attach the paper separators as shown on page l-6.
5.
The printer is ready to print. When it receives data, it loads a
single sheet from the paper feeder or manual feed slot.
Switching to continuous paper
To switch from single sheets back to continuous paper, follow
the steps below.
1.
If a single sheet is in the paper path, press the LOAD/EJECT
button to eject it.
2.
Raise the release lever to the continuous-paper position.
Note:
lf the pri/l ter beeps, lower the release leuer and press the
LOAD/EJECT button to eject the paper. Then raise the lever again.
Paper Handling 2-15
3.
Remove the paper separators as shown on page 2-11.
4.
The printer is ready to print. When it receives data, it loads
continuous paper from the push tractor and begins to
print.
Printing on Special Paper
In addition to printing on single sheets and continuous paper,
your printer can print on a wide variety of other paper types,
such as envelopes and labels.
Envelopes
You can load the following envelope sizes from the manual
feed slot.
No. 6 envelope, 166 mm (6.5 inches) x 92 mm (3.6 inches)
No. 10 envelope, 240 mm (9.5 inches) x 104 mm (4.1 inches)
Printing on envelopes
You can use the manual feed slot to print on individual
envelopes.
1.
Turn on the printer and open the printer cover.
2.
Turn the paper-thickness lever clockwise as far as it will go
3.
Close the printer cover.
2-16 Paper Handling
4.
Lower both sides of the page eject guide.
5.
Insert an envelope with the wide end entering the printer
first, printable side face-up, until it meets resistance. The
printer then loads the envelope to the print position.
6.
Send data from your computer. The printer ejects the
envelope when it finishes printing.
Note:
Make sure your software keeps the printing entirely within the
printable area of the envelope. See the Appendix for details.
Use envelopes only under normal operating conditions.
lf the ink is not dryingfast enough, try removing envelopes one at
a time as they finish printing.
To switch back to the paper feeder, turn the paper-thickness
lever counterclockwise as far as it will go. Then press the
LOAD/EJECT button to load from the paper feeder.
Paper Handling 2-17
Labels
Only use labels mounted on a continuous backing sheet with
tractor sprocket holes. Do not try to print labels on single
sheets; labels on a shiny backing sheet may not feed properly.
You load labels the same way as continuous paper, except you
turn the paper-thickness lever clockwise as far as it will go.
El
Caution:
Ll Neverfeed labels backzoard by pressing the LOAD/EJECT
button. They call easily peel off the backing and jam the
printer.
I-1
Make sure the tear-off mode is set to offin the default
settings mode when using labels.
Ll
Use labels under normal operating conditions only because
they are sensitive to extreme temperature and humidity.
c-l
Do not leave labels loaded in the printer between jobs; they
nmy jam zclhen you resume printing.
To remove labels from the printer, follow the steps below.
1.
Tear off the labels at the rear of the printer.
2.
Press the LOAD/EJECT button while holding down the ALT
button to advance the remaining labels out of the printer.
2-18 Paper Handling
Operating the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-2
3-3
Selecting Character Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scalable fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensed printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
3-6
3-7
Using the Default-Settings Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default settings descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the default settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
3-9
3-11
Optional Interface Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an interface card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The C82305*/C82306* serial interface card . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
3-16
3-17
Maintenance and Transportation
Replacing the ink cartridge . .
Cleaning the print head . . . .
Cleaning the printer . . . . . .
Transporting the printer . . . .
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3-18
3-18
3-20
3-20
3-21
Troubleshooting .
Error indicators
Power supply .
Printing . . . .
Paper handling
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3-22
3-22
3-24
3-25
3-29
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Using the Printer
3-1
Operating the Control Panel
The printer control panel gives you easy control over most
common printer operations. It consists of indicator lights and
buttons.
You can also change the default settings with this panel. See
“Changing the default settings” on page 3-11.
0 DATA
0 PAPERour
Indicator lights
The indicator lights tell you the current status of the printer
and give information about error conditions. See
“Troubleshooting” for details on errors.
PAUSE
On when printing is paused
FONT
Indicates the current font setting. These three lights go on and
off when you press the FONT button. The font menu on the
control panel tells you which font is selected. For instructions
on selecting fonts, see page 3-5.
3-2
Using the Printer
CONDENSED
On when the condensed printing mode is selected. When this
mode is selected, the printer prints a condensed version of
selected fonts. See page 3-7 for more information.
ECONOMY
On when the economy printing mode is selected. When this
mode is selected, the printer uses less ink. This mode is ideal
for rough drafts and editing work.
INK OUT
On when the ink cartridge runs out of ink. It flashes when the
ink is low. For instructions on replacing the ink cartridge, see
page 3-18.
PAPER OUT
On when the printer runs out of paper. Rapid flashing
indicates a paper jam.
DATA
On when data remains in the printer’s memory.
Note:
When the network interface mode is set to on in the default settings
mode, data may be present in the printer’s buffer even though the
printer is not continuously printing. Always make sure the DATA
light is off before turning ojf the printer.
Buttons
RESET
Clears the printer’s buffer and initializes the printer settings to
their factory settings. See page A-10 for details.
PAUSE
Press this button to stop printing temporarily. Press it again to
resume printing.
Using the Printer
3-3
LOAD/EJECT
Press this button to load paper. However, the printer normally
loads paper automatically. When single-sheet paper is in the
loading position, the printer ejects the sheet when you press
this button. When continuous paper is in the loading position
or tear-off position, the printer feeds the paper backward to the
paper-park position.
If you have been printing from the manual feed slot, pressing
this button switches paper loading back to the paper feeder.
FONT
Press this button to cycle through the font choices on the font
menu. The FONT lights indicate the current selection.
ECONOMY/CONDENSED
Press this button to select economy or condensed printing. The
indicator lights indicate which mode is on.
ALT
Hold down this button for several seconds to move the print
head to the ink cartridge replace position when the printer is
paused.
The ALT button also alters the functions of the other buttons.
Hold down the ALT button and press another button to
perform the following functions:
PRINT HEAD CLEANING (ALT + PAUSE)
Starts the print head cleaning cycle. See “Cleaning the Print
Head” on page 3-20 for details.
LF/FF (ALT + LOAD/EJECT)
Press this button briefly to feed the paper forward one line.
Hold this button down to eject a single sheet or to advance
continuous paper to the top of next page. You can also use this
button to feed continuous paper from the paper-park position
to the loading position.
3-4
Using the Printer
MICRO FEED:
(ALT + FONT)
Feeds paper forward in I/180-inch increments.
(ALT +ECONOMY/CONDENSED)
Feeds paper backward in l/180-inch increments.
See page 2-3 for details.
Selecting Character Fonts
Your printer has eight built-in character fonts including two
new Epson fonts: Epson Roman T and Epson Sans Serif H. (The
Roman T is similar to the Times’” font; Sans Serif H is similar to
Helvetica?” )
The draft font of your printer has an excellent appearance
compared with draft fonts in other printers. It uses fewer dots
per character than the other fonts to increase printing speed.
This allows you to print good quality documents for rough
drafts and editing work.
Press the FONT button to select from the eight fonts listed on
the control panel. The three FONT lights come on (O), or go off
(o), or flash (5) to indicate the active font.
Note:
q Roman T and Sans Serif Hfon ts are available in proportional
spacing only.
0
Font selections you make in your software usually override these
control panel selections. For best results, use your software to
select fun ts.
Using the Printer
3-5
The table below lists the available fonts and shows how the
FONT lights appear for each selection.
FONT
Fonts
bdifj
Draft
i
000
Epson Courier
0.0
Epson Roman T
Samples
ABCDEFGhi j klmOl23456789
~ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
10 0 0 1 Epson Sans Serif H
1 ABCDEFGhijklmOl23456769
/ 0 0 0 1 Epson
1 ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
Roman
000
Epson Sans Serif
ABCDEFGhi j klmO123456789
000
Epson Prestige
ABCDEFGhijklmOl23456789
0.0
Epson Script
A8CDEFGhijklm0123456789
0 on 0 off 6
flashing
Scalable fonts
The size of the Roman, Sans Serif, Roman T, and Sans Serif H
fonts can be selected from 8 to 32 points in 2-point increments
by using your software or by sending an ESC/P 2 command.
See the documentation that came with your software for
information on selecting the size of scalable fonts. See the
Appendix for a list of ESC/P 2 commands.
Roman
Epson
Epson
Roman T
Epson Epson
Sans Serif
Epson
Epson
Sans Serif H
Epson
3-6
Epson
Using the Printer
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Condensed printing
Condensed printing reduces the size of characters to
approximately 60 percent of their normal width, allowing
more characters to fit on a line. This is useful for spreadsheets
and other software that needs to print the maximum amount of
information on a page.
You can condense most fonts by pressing the
ECONOMY/CONDENSED button. (Epson Roman T,
Epson Sans Serif H, and 15-cpi printing cannot be condensed.)
The printout below shows condensed lo-cpi printing.
T h i s i s 10 cpi p r i n t i n g .
This is condensed 10 cpi printing.
Note:
Ifyour software controls characterfonts nnd cm select the condensed
mode, you should select condensed mode through the software rather
than with the control panel. Software or command settings usually
override panel settings.
Using the Default-Settings Mode
Your printer comes with a series of internal settings that
control a variety of printer functions, such as print direction
and auto line feed. Because these settings take effect each time
you turn on the printer, they are called default settings.
The factory default settings are designed to meet most user’s
needs, so you may not need to change them. The table below
lists the features you can set in the default-settings mode.
For a detailed description of each setting, see “Default settings
descriptions.” To change a setting, see “Changing the default
settings” on page 3-11.
Using the Printer
3-7
Settings
Options
Character table
Italic U.S.A., Italic France,
Italic Germany, Italic U.K.,
Italic Denmark. Italic Sweden,
Italic Italy, Italic Spain 1,
PC437, PC850. PC860. PC863,
PC865, PC853’. PC857”.
PC437 Greek’. PC851*, PC855*,
PC866’. PC852*, BRASCII’“,
Abicomp”
Auto print direction
,On, Off
Continuous-paper page
length
1 1 inches, 12 inches, 8.5 inches,
7016 inches
Skip-over-perforation
On, Off
Network interface mode
On, Off
Mixed text/graphics mode
On, Off
Auto line feed
On, Off
Auto interface selection
On. Off
Auto interface wait time
10 seconds, 30 seconds
Tear off
On, Off
Available only in the European version
** Available only in the North/South American version
l
Note:
Most software controls the character table and auto line.feed. lf your
software controls thesefeatures, you may never need to set them with
the control panel.
3-8
Using the Printer
Default settings descriptions
Character fable
Character tables contain the characters and symbols used by
different languages. The printer prints text with the selected
character table. When you select this feature, the font light on
the control panel goes on or off to indicate the current
selection.
Auto print direction
The printer ordinarily prints text bidirectionally for speed and
prints graphics characters unidirectionally for precise vertical
alignment.
When auto print direction is set to on, the printer switches
between bidirectional (for text data) and unidirectional motion
(for graphics data). When this feature is set to off, the print
head motion is controlled by your software.
Continuous-paper page length
When you are printing on continuous paper, this feature lets
you select from the four page lengths described in the table on
page 3-15.
Skip-over-perforation
When this feature is on and you are using continuous paper,
the printer leaves a l-inch (25.4-mm) margin between the last
printable line on one page and the first printable line on the
next page. This causes the printer to skip over the perforation
between continuous sheets.
Most software takes care of the top and bottom margins. Do
not turn on skip-over-perforation unless your software does
not provide these margins.
Using the Printer
3-9
Adjust your top-of-form position with the micro-feed feature
to get half of the margin at the bottom of one page and half at
the top of the next page.
Network interface mode
If your printer is connected to a single computer, leave this
feature off. If you want to use the printer in a network
environment and share it among multiple computers, set this
feature to on.
Note:
When this feature is set to on, data may be present in the printer‘s
buffer even though the printer is not continuously printing. Always
make sure the DATA light is off before turning off the printer.
Mixed text/graphics mode
This feature is for software that has problems printing scalable
font text combined with graphics. Leave the mixed
text/graphics mode set to off if you don’t notice any problems
in your printout.
Auto line feed
When the auto line feed feature is on, each carriage return (CR)
code is accompanied by a line feed (LF) code. If your printed
text is unexpectedly double-spaced, set this feature to off. If
text lines print on top of each other, set it to on.
Auto interface selection
This feature is necessary when an optional interface card is
installed and interface cables are connected to both the parallel
interface and the optional interface card.
3-10
Using the Printer
When this feature is on, the printer determines which interface
receives data and then switches to that interface until the end
of the print job (when no data is received from the selected
interface for the amount of time specified by the Auto interface
wait time). Usually, you should set this feature to on.
When this feature is set to off, the printer receives data only
from the interface specified by the DIP switch on the optional
interface card.
Auto interface wait time
This feature is necessary when the auto interface selection is set
to on. If the data from the computer is not sent within the
specified period, the printer re-determines the source of any
new data. Otherwise, the printer receives data only from the
currently selected interface and ignores data from the other
interface. You can set the time to either 10 seconds or 30
seconds.
Tear of7
You can set this feature on to select tear-off mode. See “Using
the tear-off feature” in Chapter 2 for information on tear-off
mode. Use the tear-off feature only with continuous paper.
Do not use the tear-off feature with labels.
Changing the default settings
You change the printer’s default settings using the control
panel buttons; the control panel lights show your selections.
Follow the steps below to make your changes:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and A4, letter, or larger
paper is loaded in the paper feeder.
Using the Printer
3-11
2.
Hold down the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button and turn
on the printer to enter the default-settings mode.
The printer loads a sheet of paper and prints a brief summary
and instructions. It instructs you to select the language that
you want messages printed in (English, French, German,
Italian, or Spanish).
3.
Press the FONT button until the FONT lights indicate the
language of your choice; then press the ALT button to make
your selection.
Languages
FONT
English
0e0
French
000
German
0.0
Oon
l off
After you press the ALT button, the printer prints the current
default settings and the next instruction in the language
you selected. Wait until printing is finished; then go to the
next step.
4.
To move to the feature you want to change, press the ALT
button until the DATA, PAPER OUT, and INK OUT lights
indicate the appropriate selection.
For example, if you want to change the character table setting,
press the ALT button until the DATA and PAPER OUT lights
are off and the INK OUT light is on.
3-12
Using the Printer
5.
Next, press the FONT button to change the setting.
As you move from setting to setting, the FONT lights turn on
(0), off (o), and flash (ie) to show your selection, as indicated
in the tables on page 3-14 and 3-15.
Oon
l Off
6 flashing
6.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 to make all of your changes.
7.
To exit the default-settings mode, turn the printer off.
Note:
Cl
You may exit default-setting mode any time by turning off the
printer. Any changes you have made remain in effect until you
change them again.
Cl
lf you ulant to check the new default settings, enter the defaultsettings mode again and print the current settings. Turn the
printer qff to exit without making chatzges.
Using the Printer
3-13
I
Settings
Default-settings menu
Character table
I Italic U.S.A
r
Italic France
c
Italic Germany
t
FONT
m o o
0.0
.1,
0.0
Italic U.K.
000
Italic Denmark 1
000
Italic Sweden
.I,
000
Italic Italy
060
Italic Spain 1
<I,
000
PC437 (USA, Standard Europe)
.I, \I,
000
PC850 (Multilingual)
0.0
PC860 (Portuguese)
0.0
PC863 (Canadian-French)
0@6
PC865 (Norwegian)
000
PC853 (Turkish)’
BRASCII (Brazilian Portuguese)”
000
PC857 (Turkish)*
Abicomp (Brazilian Portuguese)**
006
PC437 Greek (Greek)’
06*
PC851 (Greek)’
.1,
000
PC855 (Cyrillic)’
066
PC866 (Russian)*
5.0
PC852 (East Europe)’
.I,
0.0
on
a
Off
0.0
L
L
L
L
+
Auto print direction
l
l
3-14
Available only in the European version
* Available only in the North/South American version
Using the Printer
.
0
FONT
Default-settings menu
Settings
Continuous-paper
page length
11 inches
orno
12 inches
0.0
8.5 inches
\I,
0.0
7016 inches
000
Skip-over-perforation off
orno
on
0.0
Network interface
mode
Off
0.0
on
0.0
Mixed text/graphics
mode
Off
0.0
on
l
Auto line feed
Off
0.0
on
0.0
Auto interface
selection
on
0.0
Off
0.0
Auto interface wait
time
30 seconds
l .e
L
c
10 seconds
Tear off
:
@O
1
orno
Off
0.0
on
0.0
Optional Interface Cards
You can use optional interface cards to supplement your
printer’s built-in parallel interface.
The Epson interface cards below are compatible with your
printer. (Not all interfaces are available in all countries.)
Using the Printer
3-15
If you are unsure whether you need an optional interface or
would like to know more about interfaces, contact your dealer.
l
Model Numbers
Names
C82305*/C82306*
Serial interface card
C82307*/C82308*
32 KB Serial interface card
C82310*
32 KB Parallel interface card
C82313*
32 KB IEEE-488 interface card
C82312*
LocalTalk interface card
The last digit varies by country
Installing an Interface Card
Follow the steps below to install an optional interface card.
Removal of the interface card is the reverse of these steps.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Unplug the printer’s
power cord and disconnect the interface cable.
2.
Remove the screws from the interface cover. Remove the
interface cover.
3.
8
Be sure to set any switches and jumpers on the card. See the
interface card’s manual for details.
Note:
You can set the Auto interface selection and Auto interface wait time
in default-settings mode. See pages 3-10 and 3-Z 1 for mow
information.
3-16
Using the Printer
4.
Slide the interface card along the slots on both sides of the
interface compartment. Push in firmly to make sure you
fully insert the connector at the rear of the interface card
into the printer’s internal socket.
5.
Re-insert the screws and tighten to complete installation of
the optional interface.
The C82305 */C82306 * serial interface card
To use the C82305*/C82306* interface card, see the sections
below on selecting a baud rate, handshake timing, and error
handling. For all other data transfer conventions, see the
C82305*/C82306* interface card manual.
Using the Printer
3-17
Selecting a baud rate
You can select from the following baud rates: 300, 600, 1,200,
2,400, 4,800, 9,600 and 19,200 bps (bits per second). When you
set the baud rate, see the bit-rate selection table in the
C82305*/C82306* interface card manual.
When the vacant area for data in the input buffer drops to 256
bytes, the printer outputs an X-OFF code or sets the DTR flag
to 1 (MARK) to indicate that it cannot receive data. When the
vacant area for data in the buffer increases to 512 bytes, the
printer outputs an X-ON code or sets the DTR flag to 0
(SPACE) to indicate that it is ready to receive data.
Error handling
When the printer detects an error, it prints an asterisk (*).
Maintenance and Transportation
Replacing the ink cartridge
When the INK OUT light on the control panel flashes, the ink in
the ink cartridge is low. The printer continues printing until
the cartridge is completely empty. When it is out of ink, the
printer stops and the INK OUT light stays on. Printing does not
resume until you insert a new cartridge.
It’s a good idea to keep a spare ink cartridge on hand. Use
Epson ink cartridge SO20025 to ensure proper operation and
preserve the life of the print head. Other brands of ink may
clog the print head or damage it.
Follow these steps to remove the empty cartridge:
3-18
Using the Printer
1.
Make sure the printer stops printing and both the INK OUT
and PAUSE lights stay on. Then open the printer cover.
2.
Hold down the ALT button for several seconds and release
the button when the print head moves to the ink cartridge
replace position.
3.
Pull the ink cartridge clamp toward you to release the
cartridge. (The clamp pushes the ink cartridge up so it is
easy to grasp.)
4.
Lift the cartridge out of the printer and dispose of it properly.
Do not take the used cartridge apart or try to refill it.
Warning:
The ink cartridge is self-contained to prevent leaks. However, if
ink gets on your hands, wash them thoroughly with soapy
water. Avoid touching your eyes. lf irritation occurs, contact a
physician.
5.
Turn to page l-11 and follow the instructions from step 5 on
to install the new cartridge. After installing, make sure that
you press the PAUSE button and that the PAUSE light is
turned off.
Note:
When you replace the cartridge, the printer does not recharge the ink,
delivery system again. However, the print head may start moving 07s
the printer performs normal maintenance procedures. This can take up
to 40 seconds to complete.
Using the Printer
3-19
Cleaning the print head
If print quality diminishes, use the printer’s built-in print-head
cleaning cycle to ensure the nozzles are delivering ink
properly. To avoid wasting ink, clean the print head only if
print quality declines.
Follow these steps:
1.
Make sure the printer is turned on and the PAUSE light is on.
If the PAUSE light is not on, press the PAUSE button to
pause the printer.
2.
Hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE button for
two seconds.
The cleaning cycle takes about 40 seconds. The PAUSE light
flashes throughout the cycle and then stays on when the
cleaning cycle is finished.
3.
Press the PAUSE button to resume printing.
Cleaning the printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
Before you clean the printer, make sure the printer is turned off
and remove any paper.
Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt.
To clean the outer case, use a soft, clean cloth dampened with
mild detergent. Keep the printer cover closed to prevent water
from getting inside the printer.
If the inside of the printer accidentally gets soiled with ink,
wipe it off with a damp cloth.
3-20
Using the Printer
q
Caution:
U
Never use alcohols or fhimers to clean the prinfer; these
chemicals cm damage the components as well as the case.
ELI
Be careful roof to get wafer on the prinfcr mechanism or
clectrotzic components.
‘J
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
NJ
Do not spray the inside (If the printer with lubricants;
umuitable dils cau damage the mchanism. Contact your
dealer or a qual$ied service person if lubrication is needed.
Transporting the printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using a box and enough packing materials to prevent
damage to your printer, as described below:
1.
Open the printer cover and make sure that the print head is
capped in the far right position. If it is not capped, turn on
the printer to cap it. Then, turn off the printer.
2.
Remove the paper separators from the printer. Then, remove
the paper support.
3.
Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
4.
Remove the paper from the paper feeder and attach the
protective material to the printer. Repack it in a box.
q
Caution:
3
Do mf renmue the ink cartridge when you tramport your
printer.
‘-I
Keep the printerflat in the box during transport.
If the print quality is poor after transport, clean the print head.
See “Cleaning the Print Head.”
Using the Printer
3-21
Troubleshooting
Most problems you may encounter while operating your
printer have simple solutions. Find your problem in this section
and follow the recommended steps. If you cannot solve your
problem using these instructions, contact your dealer or a
qualified service person for assistance.
Error indicators
You can get information on problems you encounter by looking
at the control panel. Check the lights on your printer and
compare them to the list below. Follow the recommended steps
to fix the error.
l
3-22
off Oon
6 flashing
Using the Printer
- unchanged
Paper end
No paper is loaded in the printer. Load paper again.
Paper jam
The paper is jammed inside the printer. Follow the steps on
page 3-33.
Ink is low
The ink cartridge is almost out of ink. Get ready to replace the
ink cartridge.
Ink is gone/No ink cartridge
The ink cartridge is empty or not installed. Replace the ink
cartridge with a new one.
Fatal ink system error
Contact your dealer.
Cleaning/Charging
The printer is in the charging cycle or the cleaning cycle. This is
not an error.
Release lever error
The release lever is in the wrong position. Move the release
lever to the correct position.
Back feed/Eject error
The paper is too long. When using continuous paper, tear off
any printed page before ejecting. Use paper that is within the
specified size. See “Technical Specifications” in the Appendix.
Carriage error
A carriage error occurred. Turn off the printer. After a few
seconds turn it back on again.
Using the Printer
3-23
Power supply
The printer does not work or control panel lights are off.
Check that the power cord is properly plugged into the
electrical outlet.
Check that the n I “side of the power switch is pressed down to
turn on the printer.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Plug another electrical device into the outlet to determine
whether it is working.
The lights come on briefly but then go off and stay off.
Check that the printer’s voltage rating matches the voltage of
your electrical outlet. If the voltages do not match, unplug the
printer and contact your dealer immediately. Do not reconnect
the power cord to an electrical outlet.
3-24
Using the Printer
Printing
Printing stops and the PAUSE light is on.
Printing is temporarily suspended. Press the PAUSE button to
continue.
The PAUSE light is off but nothing prints.
Check both ends of the cable between the printer and the
computer. Make sure the interface cable is plugged in securely.
Make sure your interface cable meets both the printer and
computer specifications.
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing prints.
_ _ _ _
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean
the print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this
chapter.
Using the Printer
3-25
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean
the print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this
chapter.
Set the Mixed text/graphics mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” earlier in this
chapter.
Set the Network interface mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” earlier in this
chapter.
The printed image is light or faint.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean
the print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this
chapter.
The paper-thickness lever may not be set correctly. The raised
position is for envelopes and may cause faint printouts if used
for plain paper. For details on the paper-thickness lever, see
“Printing on Special Paper” in Chapter 2.
Your paper may be moist or damp. Ink jet printers are sensitive
to moisture absorbed by the paper. Do not store your paper in
a damp or humid environment.
You may have selected the economy printing mode. To exit
this mode, press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button until
the ECONOMY light goes off.
3-26
Using the Printer
The printed image is blurred.
You may not be using the correct type of paper. See Chapter 1
for tips on choosing the right paper.
You may not be printing on the correct side of the paper. Test
both sides to determine which side gives you the best print
quality.
Your paper may be moist or damp. Do not store your paper in
a damp or humid environment.
The typestyles or characters set with your software do not print.
Check that the software is correctly configured for your printer.
The font selected on the control panel does not print.
Your software settings may be overriding the control panel
setting. Check the font settings in your software.
The wrong characters are printed.
The wrong character table is selected. Change the character
table as described in “Using the Default-Settings Mode” earlier
in this chapter.
Printing starts too high or too low on the page.
Adjust the top margin using your software or use the printer’s
micro-feed feature to make minor adjustments to the loading
position. See “Tips on using the paper feeder” in Chapter 2.
Using the Printer
3-27
All the text prints on the same line.
Set Auto line feed to on in the default-settings mode so that the
printer adds a line-feed to each carriage return. See “Using the
Default-Settings Mode” earlier in this chapter.
The text prints an extra blank line between each text line.
Set Auto line feed to off in the default-settings mode so that
two line-feed signals are not sent. See “Using the
Default-Settings Mode” earlier in this chapter.
Line spacing is incorrect. Adjust the line-space setting with
your software.
The printed page length is not what you expected.
The page length setting may not match the length of the paper
loaded in the printer. Change the page length setting with your
software to match the paper you are using. When using
continuous paper, you can change the length in the default
settings mode.
When using an optional interface card, the printer does not print
or the printout is not what you expected.
The other interface may be selected by the Auto interface
selection feature. Set Auto interface selection to off in the
default settings mode; the DIP-switch setting on the optional
interface board then selects the interface.
You may be trying to use an interface card or cable with the
wrong specifications. Check the specifications to make sure
you can use the interface card or cable with this printer.
3-28
Using the Printer
The computer and printer interface settings may not match.
Make sure the settings on the computer and printer match.
The interface may have been disabled. Make sure that the
switch near the interface connector is turned on.
Single sheets do not feed properly from the paper feeder.
Too many sheets are loaded in the paper feeder. Remove the
paper from the paper feeder and reload the paper no higher
than the mark on the edge guide.
The paper is too thick or too thin to be fed. Make sure the
paper is within the specifications. Some paper types require
manual feeding. See “Technical Specifications” in the
Appendix.
Check that the release lever is in the single-sheet position when
using the push tractor.
The paper-feeder cover may be opened. Close the paper-feeder
cover.
Paper may be jammed near the print head.
The printer loads more than one sheet at a time.
The paper is too thin. Make sure the paper is within the
specifications. See “Technical Specifications” in the Appendix.
Using the Printer
3-29
The ejected paper is wrinkled.
The paper is too thin or is damp. Make sure the paper is within
the specifications. See “Technical Specifications” in the
Appendix. Do not store your paper in a damp or humid
environment.
Single-sheet paper does not fully eject.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the page.
The paper may be too long. Use paper that is within the
specified size. See “Technical Specifications” in the Appendix.
Paper from the paper feeder is crooked.
The paper may be old or creased. Use only new, clean sheets of
paper.
There may be too much paper on the paper support.
Make sure that your paper is the proper size and quality. See
the Appendix.
When installing the push tractor, it does not lock in place.
The release lever is in the continuous paper position. Move the
release lever to the single-sheet position.
3-30
Using the Printer
The lever inside the printer is in the wrong position as shown
below.
Remove the printer cover and the push tractor. Raise the lever
as shown below and do not move the lever afterwards.
After installing the push tractor, the release lever is locked.
When installing the push tractor, the release lever is in the
wrong position. Remove the push tractor and lower the release
lever to the single-sheet position. Then re-install the push
tractor.
Using the Printer
3-31
The push tractor does not feed the paper.
The release lever is in the wrong position. Move the release
lever to the continuous-paper position.
The paper has come off the push tractor. Reattach the paper to
the push tractor.
The lever inside the printer is in the wrong position. Remove
the printer cover and the push tractor. Raise the lever as shown
in illustrations above and do not move the lever afterwards.
Paper feeding of continuous paper is crooked or the paper jams.
Check that the release lever is in the correct position.
Make sure the paper supply is not obstructed by a cable or
some other object.
Make sure that your paper supply is positioned within 1 meter
(3.28 feet) of the printer.
Check that the holes on the sides of the paper are aligned with
each other. Also, make sure the sprocket units are locked and
their covers are closed.
Check that the paper-thickness lever is set correctly for the
paper you are using. See page 2-16.
Check that the paper size and thickness is within the specified
range. See the Appendix.
There may be slack in the paper. Adjust the position of the
sprocket units.
3-32
Using the Printer
The continuous paper does not eject properly.
The page is too long. Tear off the paper and remove it from the
printer. Use paper that is within the specified length range. See
the Appendix.
The paper is jammed inside the printer.
Clearing u paper jam
To clear a paper jam follow the steps below:
0
Warning:
Be carefill not to touch the part of the access panel or push
tractor thatfits inside the printer.
1.
Open the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
2.
Pull the access panel straight out of the rear of the printer, as
shown below. When loading continuous paper, remove the
push tractor.
Using the Printer
3-33
3.
Pull the paper out gently. If the paper tears, make sure you
remove any remaining pieces.
4.
If the paper is caught in the paper ejection area, gently pull it
out of the printer.
5.
Push the access panel back into the rear of the printer. When
loading continuous paper, replace the push tractor. Close
the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
Preventing paper feeding and paper jam problems
If you have frequent paper feeding or paper jam problems,
refer to this checklist of corrective measures:
Cl
Use a higher-quality paper, one that is not too thin or
rough. Some types of paper require manual feeding. See
Chapter 2.
Ll
Fan the stack of paper and then tap it on its edge to align it
before you load it.
0
Be sure that you do not load paper higher than the mark on
the edge guide.
LI
Try turning the stack of paper over in the paper feeder.
Most packages of paper indicate the best side with an
arrow on the end of the package. Make sure the best side is
loaded face down.
~________
3-34
Using the Printer
Appendix
Technical Specifications .
Printer specifications .
Interface specifications
Initialization . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-2
A-7
A-10
Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending printer commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the command summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-11
A-l 1
A-12
Character Tables , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-20
Appendix A-l
Technical Specifications
Printer specifications
Printing
Printing method:
Drop on demand 48-nozzle ink jet matrix
Printable columns and printing speed:
cpi: characters per inch
cps: characters per second
Maximum Resolution:
360 x 360 dpi text and graphics
Printing direction:
Bidirectional with logic-seeking for
text and graphics. (The auto print
direction can be set in the
default-setting mode.)
Line spacing:
l/6 inch, l/8 inch, or programmable
in l/360-inch increments
Paper feed speed:
82 milliseconds per l/6-inch line
2.2 inches/set. for continuous paper
Input buffer:
64 KB when Mixed text/graphics
option in default-settings mode is set
to ON
128 KB when Mixed text/graphics
option in default-settings mode is set
to OFF
A-2 Appendix
Character tables:
North/South America:
1 italic and 7 graphics character tables
Europe:
1 italic and 12 graphics character tables
Other countries:
1 italic and 5 graphics character tables
Character sets:
14 international character sets and
1. legal character set
Bitmap fonts:
Select other font/pitch combinations using ESC/P 2 commands. See the
command summary later in this chapter for a list of commands.
Scalable fonts:
Font
Min. pnt.
Max. pnt.
Increments
Epson Roman
8
32
2 Pf
Epson Sans Serif
8
32
2 Pf
Epson Roman T
18
132
12Pt
1
Epson Sans Serif Ii
18
132
bpt
I
Paper
Single sheets (Paper feeder):
Width
182 to 420 mm (7.1 to 16.5 inches)
Length
182 to 297 mm (7.1 to 11.7 inches)
Thickness 0.065 to 0.11 mm (0.0026 to 0.0043 inches)
Weight
64 to 90 g/m (18 to 24 lb)
Quality
Bond paper, plain paper
2
Appendix A-3
Single sheets (Manual insertion):
182 to 420 mm (7.1 to 16.5 inches)
Width
182 to 420 mm (7.1 to 16.5 inches)
Length
Thickness 0.065 to 0.11 mm (0.0026 to 0.0043 inches)
52 to 90 g/m2 (14 to 24 lb)
Weight
Quality
Bond Paper, plain paper
Cl
Use 90g/m2 (24 lb.) paper under normal temperature and
humidity conditions only.
Cl
Use recycled paper under normal temperature and humidity
conditions only. Poor quality paper may reduce print quality, as
well as cause paper jams and other problems. If you encounter
problems, switch to a higher grade of paper.
Continuous paper:
Width
Thickness
Weight
Quality
Labels:
Size
Thickness
Quality
102 to 406 mm (4 to 16 inches)
0.065 to 0.1 mm (0.0026 to 0.0039 inches)
52 to 82 g/m2 (14 to 22 lb)
Plain paper
102 to 406 mm (4 to 16 inches)
width for backing sheet
63.5 x 23.8 mm (2.5 x 0.94 inches) minimum
for label
0.2 mm (0.0078 inches) maximum total
Plain paper
D
Use labels only under normal temperature and humidity
conditions.
Cl
Use continuous type labels only with the optional push tractor.
Envelopes:
Size
Thickness
Weight
Quality
166 x 92 mm (6.5 x 3.6 inches)
No. 6
No. 10 240 X 104 mm (9.5 X 4.1 inches)
0.16 to 0.52 mm (0.0063 to 0.0197 inches)
45 to 90 g/m2 (12 to 24 lb)
Bond paper, plain paper, air mail
LI
Use envelopes only under normal temperature and humidity
conditions.
Cl
Insert envelopes long side first; use the manual feed slot only.
0
Make sure the difference in thickness within the printable area is
less than 0.25 mm (0.01 inches).
A-4 Appendix
Printable area:
Single sheets
(paper feeder and manual insertion)
Envelopes
A The minimum top margin is 3.0 mm (0.12 inches).
B The minimum left and right margins are 3.0 mm
(0.12 inches). However, the maximum printable width
is 345 mm (13.6 inches).
C The minimum bottom margin is 13.0 mm (0.51 inches).
Continuous paper
IA
A The minimum top and bottom
margins (above and below the
perforation) are 9.0 mm (0.35
inches).
B The minimum left and right
margins are 3.0 mm (0.12
inches). However, the
maximum printable width is
345 mm (13.6 inches).
Mechanical
Paper-feed method:
Ink cartridge (S020025):
Color:
Print capacity:
Cartridge life:
Friction
Black
Approximately 0.7 million
characters in letter quality mode
2 years from production date
(The cartridge life may vary,
depending on how often you use the
print head cleaning function.)
Appendix A-5
Ink cartridge (S020025):
Temperature:
Storage:
Transit:
Freezing:
-30” to 40°C (-22” to 104°F)
-30” to 60°C (-22” to 140°F)
1 month at 40°C (104°F)
120 hours at 60°C (140°F)
-3°C (26.6”F) thaws in approx.
2 hours at 25°C (77°F)
MTBF:
6,000 power-on hours
Lifetime print capacity:
75,000 pages (A4 or letter)
Print head life:
1,000 million dots per nozzle
Dimensions and weight:
Height
Width
Depth
Weight
164 mm (6.45 inches)
666 mm (26.25 inches)
2&4 mm (11.2 inches) without paper
feeder
466 mm (18.3 inches) with paper
feeder
8.6 kg (19.0 lb.)
Electrical
120 V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
AC 120 V
AC 103.5 to 132 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.5 A
Approx. 13 W (during self- test
printing in LQ mode at 10 cpi)
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
AC 220 to 240 V
AC 198 to 264 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.3 A
Approx. 13 W (during self-test
printing in LQ mode at 10 cpi)
220-240 V model:
A-6 Appendix
Environmental
Temperature:
Operation: 10” to 35°C (50” to 95’F)
-20’ to 50°C (4” to 122°F)
Storage:
Humidity (without condensation):
Operation: 20 to 80% RI-I
5 to 85% RH
Storage:
Print assured ar.3a
Safety approvals
Safety standards:
R.F.I.:
(50°F)
(80°F)
(95°F)
US model:
European model:
UL1950 with D3, CSA22.2 #220
EN 60950 (TijV) IEC 950 (SEMKO,
DEMKO, NEMKO, SETI)
US model:
European model:
FCC Part 15 Subpart B class B
Vfg. 243 (VDE 0878 part 3, part 30)
EN 55022 (CISPR Pub 22) class B
Interface Specifications
Your printer is equipped with an g-bit parallel interface.
Specifications and pin assignments
The built-in parallel interface has the following characteristics:
Data format:
&bit parallel
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshake timing: BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible
Connector:
36-pin 57-30360 Amphenol connector or equivalent
The table below provides the connector pm assignments and describes
their respective interface signals.
Appendix A-7
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
Signal
Direction
1
19
STROBE
IN
STROBE pulse to read data.
Pulse width must be more than
0.5 ps at the receiving terminal.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
DATA 1
DATA 2
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
DATA 8
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
These signals represent
information in bits 1 to 8 of
parallel data respectively. Each
signal is at HIGH level when
data is logical 1 and LOW when
it is logical 0.
10
28
ACKNLG
OUT
About an approx. lo-l.ts pulse.
LOW indicates that data has
been received and that the
printer is ready to accept more
data.
11
29
BUSY
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates the
printer cannot receive data.
The signal goes HIGH in the
following cases:
1) During data entry (for each
character)
2) During printing
3) When the PAUSE button is
pressed
4) During an error state
12
30
PE
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates the
printer is out of paper.
13
-
SLCT
OUT
Pulled up to 5 V through 1 .O kR
resistance
-
AUTO
FEED
i?
IN
When this signal is LOW, the
paper is automatically fed one
line after printing.
15
-
NC
16
-
GND
-
Logic ground level
17
-
CHASSIS
GND
-
Printer’s chassis ground, which is
isolated from the logic ground
14
,
’
.-_ ~
A-8 Appendix
Description
Not used
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
Signal
18
-
NC
19-30
Not used
GND
-
Twisted-pair return signal ground
level
When this level becomes LOW,
the printer controller is reset to
its state when the power is first
turned on and the print buffer is
cleared. This level is normally
HIGH; its pulse width must be
more than 50 us at the receiving
terminal.
31
16
INIT
IN
32
-
ERROR
OUT
33
-
34
GND
NC
35
36
1
Description
Direction
-
-
This level becomes LOW when:
1) The paper-is out
2) The PAUSE button is
pressed
3) An error occurs
Same as for pins 19-30
Not used
Pulled up to 5 V through 1 .O kR
resistance
NC
Not used
Note:
The column heading “Direction” refers to the direction of signal flow as
viewed from the printer.
“Return” denotes the twisted-pair return, connected at signal ground level.
For the interface wiring, be sure to use a twisted-pair cable for each
signal and to complete the connection on the return side.
All interface conditions are based on the TTL level. Both the rise and fall
times of each signal must be less than 0.2 microseconds.
Data transfer must be carried out by observing the ACKNLG or BUSY
signal. Data transfer to this printer can be carried out only after receipt of
the ACKNLG signal or when the BUSY signal is LOW.
Appendix A-9
Interface timing
The figure below shows the timing for the parallel interface.
BUSY
ACKNLG
d
I
,;
lop -l
DATA
STROBE
x\
x;
,+&F
Initialization
The printer can be initialized (returned to a fixed set of conditions) in
three ways:
Hardware
initialization
r
Ll The power is turned on.
D The printer receives an INIT signal from the parallel
interface (pin 31 goes LOW).
The following condition then results:
1) The printer mechanism is initialized.
2) The input data buffer is cleared.
3) The download character set is cleared.
4) The print buffer is cleared.
5) The default values are set. (Panel settings are reset.)
Software
initialization
CI Software sends the ESC @ (initialize the printer)
command.
The following condition then results:
1) The print buffer is cleared.
2) The default values are set. Crhe last panel settings are
kept.)
Control
panel
initialization
D Hold down the RESET button.
0 The printer switches to an interface using the Auto
interface selection feature.
The following results:
1) The input data buffer is cleared.
2) The print buffer is cleared.
3) The default values are set. (The last panel settings are
kept.)
A-10 Appendix
Default settings
The table below shows the default settings that take effect when the
printer is initialized. In addition, hardware and control panel
initialization clears the data buffer.
Item
Default setting
Top-of-form position
Current paper position
Page length
Single sheets:
65 lines for A4-size paper
61 lines for letter-size paper
22 inches for manual insertion
Left and right margins
Canceled
Line spacing
1 /binch line spacing
Character size
10.5 point
Vertical tab position
Cleared
Horizontal tab positions
Every eight characters
Font selection
Last font selected on control panel
Special printing effects
Canceled (except condensed printing)
Download character set
Hardware initialization: cleared
Software/control panel
initialization: deselected only
Command Summary
Sending printer commands
Most actions your printer performs are handled by your software.
Software commands instruct the printer to print in a particular typeface,
feed the paper a certain amount after printing each line, start printing a
particular place on the page, and so on.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself. This
allows you to enhance your printing in ways that may not normally be
available through the software. For example, some word processing
programs may not offer shadow fonts, but by inserting a command in
your document, you can use shadow fonts anywhere you like. The
commands your printer recognizes are listed in this command summary.
Appendix A-11
How you format commands depends on the software you are using.
Some software programs accept only the decimal format, while others let
you type in ASCII characters. (Some programs don’t let you insert printer
commands at all.) In addition, your software probably specifies certain
punctuation you must use to enter the command. If your software allows
you to send commands to the printer, the software manual should
explain exactly what format and punctuation are required.
Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all the commands by topic. If a
command has no parameters, it is merely listed. If it has parameters, they
are explained. The parameters are indicated by lowercase italicized
letters, usually n. The examples below show how the parameters are
indicated.
ESC 8 is a command with no parameters.
ESC U 1 /O is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0 to turn it
off.
ESC $ nl n2 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
General operation
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC 8
64
40
Initialize Printer
ESCUl/O
85
55
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ESC EM n
25
19
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = “R” : Eject a sheet
Dec.
Hex.
Description
CR
13
OD
Carriage Return
FF
12
oc
Form Feed
LF
10
OA
Line Feed
ESC 0
48
30
Select l/g-inch Line Spacing
ESC2
50
32
Select l/6-inch Line Spacing
ASCII
-
Paper feeding
ASCII
A-12 Appendix
-
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
ESC3n
51
33
Description
Set n / 180-inch Line Spacing
ESC+n
43
2B
Set n/360-inch Line Spacing
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(cnn
40 99
28 63
Set Page Format
ESC(c4Omlm2nln2
m=ml+m2x256
m: Top margin in defined units
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Bottom margin in defined units
ESC(Cnn
40 67
28 43
Set Page Length in Defined Unit
ESC(C20nln2
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Number of defined units
ESCCn
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = Number of lines
ESCCOn
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = Number of inches
ESCNn
78
4E
Set Bottom Margin
for Continuous Paper
n = Number of lines
ESC 0
79
4F
Cancel Top/Bottom Margin
for Continuous Paper
ESCln
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = Left margin column
ESCQn
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = Right margin column
Page format
Appendix A-13
Print position motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC $ nl n2
36
24
Set Absolute Horizontal Print Position
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Specifies print position from
left margin in defined units
* Before you define the unit, the
default unit is l/60 inch for this
command.
ESC \ nl n2
92
5c
Set Relative Horizontal Print Position
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
* Before you define the unit, the
default unit is l/120 inch in draft
and l/180 inch in LQ for this
command.
ESC(Vnn
40 86
28 56
Set Absolute Vertical Print Position
ESC(V20nln2
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Specifies print position from top
margin in defined units
ESC(vnn
40118
2876
Set Relative Vertical Print Position
ESC(v20nln2
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs entered in ascending
order
Terminated by 0
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs; last n should be 0
VT
11
08
Tab Vertically
ESCJn
74
4A
Advance paper n / 180 inch
A-14 A p p e n d i x
Font selection
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCkn
107
6B
Select Typeface
n= 0:Roman
1: Sans Serif
2: Courier
3: Prestige
ESCXnn
88
58
Select Font by Pitch and Point
ESCXmnln2
m: Set pitch to 360/m cpi
M = 0: No change in pitch
m = 1: Select proportional
rn = 0, 1,18,21,24,30,36,42,48,60,
or 72
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Set point size in 0.5 points
Total points = (nl + n2 x 256) x 0.5
n = 0: No change in point
n = 0,16,21,24,28,32,36,
40,44,48,52,56,60, or 64
(for Roman, Sans Serif
Roman T, and Sans Serif H.)
n = 0,21,42 (for other typefaces)
* ESC P, M, g, p, !, or @ cancel ESC X.
ESC ! n
33
21
Master Select
To find the value of II, add together
the numbers of the font attributes
and enhancements you want to
combine from the list below:
n = 0: 1Ocpi
16: Double-strike
1: 12 cpi
32: Double-width
2: Proportional 64: Italic
4: Condensed 128: Underline
8: Bold
ESC I’
80
50
Select 10.5 point, 10 cpi
ESC M
77
4D
Select 10.5 point, 12 cpi
ESC g
103
67
Select 10.5 point, 15 cpi
ESC pl / O
112
70
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
ESCxn
120
78
Select LQ or Draft
n = 0: Draft
4 : Script
10: Roman T
11: Sans Serif H
1: LQ
Appendix A-15
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC 4
52
34
Select Italic Font
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel Italic Font
ESC E
69
45
Select Bold Font
ESC F
70
46
Cancel Bold Font
font enhancement
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Printing
DC2
18
12
Cancel Condensed Printing
so
14
OE
Select Double-Width Printing
(one line)
ESC W l/O
87
57
Turn Double-Width Printing On/Off
DC4
20
14
Cancel Double-Width Printing
(one line)
ESC w l/O
119
77
Turn Double-Height Printing On/Off
ESCSO
83
53
Select Superscript Printing
ESCSl
83
53
Select Subscript Printing
ESC T
84
54
Cancel Superscript/Subscript Printing
ESC(-nn
40 45
28 2D
Select Line/Score
ESC(-301nln2
nl= 1: Underline
2: Strikethrough
3: Overscore
n2= 0: Cancel score line selected by nl
1: Single continuous line
2: Double continuous line
5: Single broken line
6: Double broken line
ESCqn
113
71
Select Character Style
n = 0: Normal style
1: Outline
2: Shadow
3: Outline with shadow
ESC G
71
47
Select Double-Strike Printing
A-16 A p p e n d i x
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Printing
ESC - l/O
45
2D
Turn Underline On/Off
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC SP n
32
20
Set Intercharacter Space
n = Number of units of space added
to the space between characters
Units is l/120 inch (draft) or
l/180 inch (LQ and proportional)
ESC(Unn
4085
2855
Define Unit
ESC(UlOn
Define positioning unit as n/3600
inch
n = 10,20,30,40,50, or60
n = 10: default
ESC c nl n2
99
63
Set Horizontal Motion Index (HMI)
Select Pitch in n/360-inch units
Total units = nl + n2 x 256
Spacing
Character handling
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC 6
54
36
Enable Printing of
Upper Control Codes
This command enables the printing
of codes 128 to 159 (if current
table has characters in those
locations).
ESC7
55
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
Cancels ESC 6
ESCRn
82
52
Select an International Character Set
n= 0: USA 7: Spain I 64:
Legal
1: France 8: Japan
2: Germany 9: Norway
3: UK 10:
Denmark
4: Denmark I 11: Spain II
5: Sweden 12: Latin America
6: Italy 13:
Korea
Appendix A-17
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(tnn
40116
2874
Assign Character Table
ESC(t3Odld2d3
Assign character table set with d2
and d3 to table dl
dl = 0, 1,2,3,48,49,50, or 51
d2 d3 Character Table
0 0 Italic
1 0 PC 437 (USA)
1 16 PC 437 Greek (Greek)*
3 0 PC 850 (Multilingual)
4 0 PC 851 ( G r e e k ) *
5 0 PC 853 ( T u r k i s h ) *
6 0 P C 855 (Cyrillic)*
7 0 PC 860 ( P o r t u g u e s e )
8 0 PC 863 (Canada-French)
9 0 PC 865 ( N o r w a y )
10 0 PC 852 (East Europe)*
11 0 PC 857 ( T u r k i s h ) *
13 0 PC 864 ( A r a b i c ) *
14 0 PC 866 ( R u s s i a n )
25 0 BRASCII
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
26 0 Abicomp
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
* available for European version only
**available for North/South
American version only
ESCtn
116
74
Select Character Table
Select character table n assigned by
ESC(t
n = 0, 1,2,3,48,49,50, or 51
n = 2 : Remaps download characters
from 0 - 127 to 128 - 255, unless a
character table has been assigned
to 2 with the ESC ( t command
ESC:OnO
58
3A
Copy ROM to RAM
n = 0, 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 9
n: Typeface (see list in ESC k
command description)
ESC%n
37
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
A-28 A p p e n d i x
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC&nn
38
26
Define User-Defined Character
ESC 8-t 0 nl n2 d0 dl d2 data
nl = First character number
n2 = Last character number
d0 = Left space of character
dl = Body width of character
d2 = Right space of character
data: 3 bytes required for each
character; super/subscript
requires only 2 bytes per
character
ESC ( * nn
4094
28 5E
Print Data as Characters
ESC ( * nl n2 data
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Amount of data
data: The following n bytes of data
printed as characters
ASCll
Dec.
Hex.
Des&p tion
ESC(Gnn
40 71
28 47
Select Graphics Mode
ESC(GlOn
n=lor49
* Cancel Graphics mode with ESC @
ESC . nn
46
2E
Print Raster Graphics
ESC.cvhmnln2data
c = 0: Full graphics mode
1: Compressed mode
u = 10,20: Dot density for vertical in
3600/u DPI
Graphics
h = 10,20: Dot density for horizontal
in 3600/h DPI
m: Number of vertical dots
242m21
n: Number of horizontal dots
Total dots = nl + n2 x 256
* The following combination is not
allowed: z, = 10 and h = 20
Appendix A-19
Bit image
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC * nn
42
2A
Select Bit Image
ESC * m nl n2 data
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Total columns
Total data = (nl + n2 x 256) x f
t = Number of data bytes per column
m
0
1
2
3
4
6
32
33
38
39
40
71
72
73
Horizontal
density (dpi)
60
120
120
240
80
90
60
120
90
180
360
180
360
360
Vertical
density (dpi)
Pins
60
60
60
60
60
60
180
180
180
180
180
360
360
360
8
8
8
8
8
24
24
24
24
24
24
48
48
48
Adjacent
dots print
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
i
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
6
6
6
Character Tables
You can select these character tables by using the default-setting mode or
by using a command.
The characters for hex codes 00 through 7F are the same as the PC437
table, so only the PC437 tables are shown completely. The rest of the
tables show only the characters for hex codes 80 through FF.
The tables with * after the table name are available in the European
version only; those with ** are available in the North/South American
version only.
A-20 Appendix
PC437 (USA, standard Europe)
CODE
0
1
1
0
NUL
c fi 6 ;::::
L
Y
a E
spa @P * p
::
!
lAQaqticeizlTD+
DC2” 2 B
R b r 6 R 6 g I- 2
#3CSCS&6ii
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
23456789ABCDEF
%SEUeu&bR
LF
*
:
B
C
D
E
F
CL\11
SO
SI
.
>
N
_
n
-
89ABCDEF
c
6
g
.z
L
3
6
-
ii9igpEq3f
CR6~~86-
bQaABfy+
ciiC’AAfp>
2 ji i 0 b
x
A
x
f
<<
>>
Pt c< 4 (1
PC860 (Portuguese)
PC850 (Multilingual
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
hi
/?O-0
,
Y
P
o
v ;; 1 7 I
n
n
:ODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Appendix A-21
PC863 (Canadian-French)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
BBABCDEF
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC853 (Turkish) *
PC865 (Norwegian)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC857 (Turkish) *
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
a
A-22 A p p e n d i x
a
PC85 7 (Greek) *
PC437 Greek (Greek)”
:ODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
BSABCDEF
A
P
L <:;:I I- 11 o '51
PC855 (C yrillic)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
8
9
A
PC866 (Russian) *
l
B
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
C
D
E
F
a 1:::::
n g
b
Jb
;,.,. L
BJbAsLJIpbl
f?R~xtHTm
e i ~XKOT~
CZ,$AIHKOYS
syekibnY3
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
89ABCDEF
A P a :Q:; L JL p B
Appendix A - 2 3
BRASCll (Braz. Portuguese) * *
PC852 (East Europe) *
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Abicomp (Braz. Portuguese) *
l
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
BSABCOEF
\IUL
SP
b
i
~
DC2
DC4
HT EM
LF
VT
FF
CR
SO
SI
A 6 & 6
A 6 d B
A 6 d 6
A U B ii
is (E ii a?
c 0 c h
E 0 b ii
E 0 c Q
E U b ii
E
Y
@ y
ESC f " i B
f
L
i
P
/talk
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
89ABCDEF
SPO@ P cp
I-IUL
!lAQaq
DC2 " 2 BRbr
#3CScs
DC4$ 4 D
T d t
i
XSEiJeu
&6FVfv
, 7GWgw
(8HXhx
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
so
SI
9 2
Y
i Y
*:Jzjz
EM)
ESC + ;
K
I k
No character is available for hex code 15 in the italic character table.
A-24 Appendix
C
<L\l'
L =M]mj
..N^n/?O-0
International c h a r a c t e r s e t s
You can select one of the following international character sets by using
the default-setting mode or sending the ESC R command. For example,
when you select “Italic France,” the characters in the “France” row on the
table below are used in the italic character table.
The following eight international character sets can be selected in the
default-setting mode or with the ESC R command.
ASCII code hex
Country
23 24 40 58 5C 5D 5E 60 78 7C 70 7E
USA
France
Germany
UK
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
Spain
#$@[\l^‘{Il”
# $ cl o c Q * 1 4
#$§AOU^
ii& . .
BGiiI3
e$@[\lA’{ll#$@lEOAAC'OO-#aI2XoAuBiii8ii
#$@“\6Aii&abi
Pt $@ i m i _ c .,
ii}
-
The following seven additional sets are available only with the ESC R
command.
Country
ASCII code hex
23 24 40 58 5C 5D SE 60 78 7C 7D 7E
Japan
#$@[Kl^‘{Il”
Norway
Denmark II
#til?lE0AUBiE09ii
#$8EOAU6~09ii
Spain II
#$&iRit5’iii6d
Latin America
#$~iR~~iiiii6ti
Korea
#$@[wlA’{:l-
Legal
#
$
fj
D
’
))
q
f
0
@
t
m
Appendix A-25
Characters available with the fSC (A command
To print the characters in the table below, use the ESC ( * command.
CODE 0 1 7 1
0
1
2
t=
3
4
5
6
7
a
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
4 pT
A - 2 6 Appendix
Glossary
The following definitions apply specifically to printers. If a word is
italicized, see that topic for more information.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standardized
coding system for assigning numerical codes to letters and symbols.
auto line feed
When this feature is selected in the default-setting mode, each
carriage-return code (CR) is automatically followed by a line-feed (LF)
code.
bidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in both directions. This increases
the speed of printing.
bif
A binary digit (0 or 1); this is the basic unit of information used by a
printer or computer.
buffer
The portion of the printer’s memory used to store data before printing it.
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
characters per inch &pi)
A measure of the size of text characters, sometimes referred to as pitch.
Glossary
GL-1
character fable
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols used in a particular
language.
condensed printing
Printing in which the width of each character is approximately 60% of the
width of standard characters. Useful for fitting wide tables or
spreadsheets onto paper.
continuous paper
Paper that has sprocket-feed holes on each side, is perforated between
pages, and is supplied in a folded stack. Also called fanfold paper.
control code
Special codes used to control printer functions such as a carriage return
or line feed.
default
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned on,
reset, or initialized.
double-height printing
Printing in which each character is twice as tall as normal.
double- width printing
Printing in which each character is twice as wide as normal.
draft
One of two print qualities available on your printer. Draft uses a
minimum number of dots per character for high-speed printing. See also
Letter Quality.
GL-2
Glossary
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers. This is the system of
commands your computer uses to control your printer. It is standard for
all Epson printers and supported by most software for personal
computers.
ESC/P 2
The enhanced version of the ESC/P printer command language.
Commands in this language produce laser-like results, such as scalable
fonts and enhanced graphics printing.
font
A style of type designated by a family name.
form feed
A control code and control panel button that advance the paper to the
next top-of-form position.
hex dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users find the cause of
communication problems between the printer and the computer. When
the printer is in hex dump mode, it prints each code it receives in
hexadecimal notation and ASCII characters. Also called data dump.
initialization
Returns the printer to its defaults (fixed set of conditions).
ink jet
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by
spraying ink onto paper.
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel
interface transmits data one character or code at a time.
Glossary
GL-3
italic
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is italicized.
Letter Quality (LQ)
One of two print qualities available on your printer. Letter Quality
provides better readability and appearance at a reduced print speed. See
also draft
line feed
A control code and control panel button that advance the paper one line
space.
loading position
The position to which the paper is automatically loaded.
paper-park position
The position in which the paper is backed out of the paper path, but is
still attached to the optional push tractor.
printable area
The area of a page in which print quality is assured. It is smaller than the
physical size of the page due to margins.
proportional printing
Printing in which the width of the character varies from character to
character. For example, a capital W receives much more space than a
lowercase i. The result looks more like a typeset book than a typewritten
draft.
push tractor
An optional, detachable device that automatically “pushes” continuous
paper into the printer from the loading side.
GL-4
Glossary
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory used as a
buffer and for storing user-defined characters. All data stored in RAM is
lost when the printer is turned off.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults either by sending a command, an INIT
signal, or by turning the printer off and then back on.
ROM
Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that can only be read and
cannot be used for data storage. ROM remains, even when you turn off
the printer.
self test
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When you run the
self test, the printer prints the characters stored in its ROM.
software program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task, such as
word processing or financial planning.
subscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal
height in the lower part of the character space.
superscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal
height in the upper part of the character space.
fear off
A paper feed operation that automatically feeds the perforation of
continuous paper to the tear-off position so you can tear it off easily, and
then feeds the paper back to the loading position.
Glossary GL-5
fear-off position
The position the printer feeds the paper to at the end of print job when
tear-off mode is set to on in default settings. Using the micro-feed feature,
you can adjust the position so that the paper’s perforation meets the
printer’s tear-off edge.
top-of-form
The position on the paper that the printer recognizes as the first printable
line. The printer feeds the paper to this position when it loads the paper.
unidirectional/ printing
Printing in which the print head prints in one direction only.
Unidirectional printing is useful for printing graphics because it allows
more precise vertical alignment than bidirectional printing.
user-defined characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user. Also
called download characters.
GL-6
Glossary
Index
Command descriptions are not indexed here. For information
on a specific command, see the Appendix. Also see the
glossary for definitions of terms.
A
Access panel, 2-7
Adjusting loading position, 2-3
Adjusting print position, 2-4
ALT button, 3-4
Auto interface selection, 3-8,
3-10-11, 3-15-16, 3-28
Auto interface wait time, 3-8,
3-11,3-16
Auto line feed, 3-8, 3-10, 3-15,
3-28
Auto print direction, 3-8-9,3-14
B
Back feed/ Eject error, 3-23
Baud rate, 3-18
Bidirectional printing, see Auto
print direction
Bitmap fonts
Draft, A-3
Epson Courier, A-3
Epson Prestige, A-3
Epson Roman, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, A-3
Epson Script, A-3
Buffer, A-2
Buttons, 3-1
ALT, 3-4
ECONOMY/CONDENSED,
3-4
FONT, 3-4
LOAD/EJECT, 3-4
PAUSE, 3-3
RESET, 3-3
Buzzer, 3-22
C
Cable
parallel interface, l-17
Carriage error, 3-23
Cartridge, ink, l-9-12,3-18-19
installing, l-9-12
life, A-5-6
replacing 3-11-19
specifications, A-5-6
Changing the default settings,
3-11-15
Character
fonts, 3-5-7, A-3
tables, 3-8-9,3-14,3-27, A-3,
A-20-26
Character sets, international,
A-25
samples, A-25
selecting, A-18, A-25
Choosing paper, l-4
IN-1
Cleaning the print head, 3-20,
3-26
Cleaning the printer, 3-20-21
Cleaning/ Charging, 3-23
Codes, control, A-12-20
Command summary, A-11
Computer, connecting to, l-17
CONDENSED button, 3-4
CONDENSED light, 3-3
Condensed mode, 3-7
Condensed printing, 3-7
Configuration, see Software
Connecting printer to computer,
l-17
Continuous paper, 2-7-16,
3-32-33, A-4-5
loading, 2-8-11
page length, 3-9
switching to, 2-15-16
Control codes, A-12-20
Control panel, 3-2-5
Courier, font, 3-6, A-3
Cover
paper feeder, l-13
printer, l-10
D
DATA light, 3-3
Data dump, see Hex dump
Default
settings, A-11
settings, changing, 3-11-15
settings mode, 3-7-15
Draft font, 3-5-6, A-3
IN-2
E
ECONOMY light, 3-3
ECONOMY/CONDENSED
button, 3-4
Economy mode, 3-3
EJECT button, 3-4
Electrical specifications, A-6
Envelopes, 2-17, A-4-5
Epson Courier, 3-6, A-3
Epson Prestige, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman T, 3 - 5 A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 3-6, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 3 - 5 A-3
Epson Script, 3-6, A-3
Error handling, 3-18
Error indicators
buzzer, 3-22
IN K OUT light, 3-22
PAPER OUT light, 3-22
PA USE light, 3-22
Error status, 3-22-23
Back feed/Eject error, 3-23
Carriage error, 3-23
Cleaning/ Charging 3-23
Fatal ink system error, 3-23
Ink is gone/No ink cartridge,
3-23
Ink is low, 3-23
Paper end, 3-23
Paper jam, 3-23
Release lever error, 3-23
ESC/ P, Intro-l
ESC/P 2, Intro-l, l-18,3-6
F
Fatal ink system error, 3-23
FCC regulations, ii
Fonts
button, 3-4-5
changing
with control panel, 3-5
with software programs,
A-15
draft, 3-6, A-3
Epson Courier, 3-6, A-3
Epson Prestige, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman T, 3-6, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 3-6, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 3-6, A-3
Epson Script, 3-6, A-3
lights, 3-2-3
samples, 3-6
scalable, 3-6
selecting, 3-6, 3-27
Form feed, see LOAD/EJECT
button
Form length, continuous paper,
3-9
H
Handshake timing, 3-18
Help, where to get, Intro-3
Hex dump mode, 3-25
Humidity, printer environment,
A-7
I
Image, blurred, 3-27
Indicator lights, 3-2-3
CONDENSED, 3-3
DATA, 3-3
ECONOMY, 3-3
FONT, 3-2
INK OUT, 3-3
PAPER OUT, 3-3
PAUSE, 3-2
Initialization, A-10
Ink cartridge
installing, l-9-12
life, A-5
replacing, 3-18
specifications, A-5-6
Ink charging, l-12
Ink drying, l-4,2-2
Ink is gone/No ink cartridge,
3-23
Ink is low, 3-23
Ink jet, l-2-3
Ink jet, precautions, l-2-3
INK OUT light, 3-3, 3-22
Input buffer, A-2
Installation, 1-18
Installing
ink cartridge, l-9-12
interface card, 3-16-17
push tractor, 2-7
Interface
connecting, l-17
specifications, A-7-10
Interface cards
installing, 3-16-17
optional, 3-15, 3-28
International character sets
samples, A-25
selecting, A-18, A-25
IN-3
J
0
Jam, paper, 3-33-34
Optional interface cards,
3-11-16,3-28
Optional push tractor, 2-7-16,
3-30-32
Options
interface cards, 3-15, 3-28
push tractor, 2-7-16,
3-30, 3-32
L
Labels, 2-18, A-4
LF/FF button, 3-4
Lights, status, 3-2
Lines per page, setting v
Lever
paper-thickness, 2-16
release, 2-7
LOAD/EJECT button, 3- 4
Loading paper
continuous paper, 2-8-11
envelopes, 2-16
labels, 2-18
manually, 2-5-6
paper feeder, l-13-15
Loading position, adjusting,
2-3-4
Location, printer, l-7
M
Maintenance, 3-18
Manual feed slot, 2-5-6
Manual loading/insertion, 2-5-6
Micro-feed feature, 2-11 3-5,
3-27
Missing dots, 3-26
Mixed text/graphics mode, 3-8,
3-10, 3-15, 3-26
N
Network interface mode, 3-8,
3-10, 3-15, 3-26
P
Page length, 3-8-9, 3-15, 3-28
continuous paper, A-4
manual insertion, A4
single sheets, A-3
Paper
choosing, l-4
continuous paper, 2-8-13,
3-32, A-4-5
end, 3-23
feeder, l-13-15,2-2
feeding, 3-32
handling, 2-l-18,3-29
jams, 3-23, 3-33-34
labels, 2-18
loading, l-13,2-5
separators, l-6
single sheets, 2-6, A-3--5
size, A-3--4
specifications, A-3
storage, l-4
support, l-6
switching between
continuous and single, 2-14
PAPER 0UT light, 3-3, 3-22
Paper-park position, 2-12
Paper-thickness lever, 2-16, 3-26
Parallel interface, l-17, A-7-10
PAUSE button, 3-3
PAUSE light, 3-2, 3-22, 3-25
Pausing printing, 1-16
Plugging in the printer, l-8
Port, printer, see Parallel interface
Power
cord, connecting, l-8
switch, l-8
turning on/off, l-8
Precautions, ink jet, l-2-3
Prestige, font, 3-6, A-3
Printable area
continuous paper, A-5
envelopes, A-5
single sheets, A-5
Print direction, A-2
Printer
cleaning, 3-20-21
connecting to computer, l-17
location, l-7
specifications, A-2
testing, l-15
transporting, 3-21
unpacking, l-5
voltage, l-5
Print head
capping, l-3
cleaning, 3-4, 3-20
Printing on envelopes, 2-16
Printing on labels, 2-18
Printing on special paper, 2-16
Printing position, adjusting, 2-4
Print speed, A-2
Problems
paper feeding, 3-34
paper jams, 3-33-34
see also Troubleshooting
Push tractor, 2-7-16, 3-30-32
installing, 2-7
loading paper, 2-8
removing, 2-13
Q
Quality, print, A-2
R
Release lever, 2-7
Release lever error, 3-23
Removing the push tractor, 2-13
Replacing ink cartridge, 3-18
RESET button, 3-3
Resetting printer defaults, 3-11,
A-10-11
Roman, font, 3-6, A-3
Roman T, font, 3-6, A-3
S
Safety approvals, A-7
Safety information, iii-iv, l-2
Sans Serif, font, 3-6, A-3
Sans Serif H, font, 3-6, A-3
Scalable fonts, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman, 3-6, A-3
Epson Roman T, 3-6, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 3-6, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 3-6, A-3
Script, font, 3-6, A-3
Self test, l-15-16
Serial interface card, 3-17
Setting up your software, l-18
Settings
changing 3-11-15
printer defaults, 3-7-11
IN-5
Setup menu, l-18
Single sheets, 2-2, 3-29, A-3-5
prints on, v
switching to, 2-14
tips for, 2-2-3
see also Loading paper
Skip-over-perforation, 3-5-10,
3-15
Software, l-18,2-3
controlling printer with, 1-18
setting up, l-18
Special paper, 2-18
Specifications, A-11
Speed, printing, A-2
Stand, printer, l-7-8
Switching between continuous
paper and single sheets,
2-14-16
T
Tear off, 2-12-13,3-8, 3-11, 3-15
adjusting, 2-13
position, 2-12
Technical specifications, A-2
Temperature
printer environment, A-7
Testing the printer, l-15-16
Top margin, 3-27
Tractor, push, 2-7-16
installing, 2-7
loading paper, 2-8
Transporting the printer, 3-21
Troubleshooting, 3-22-34
U
Unidirectional printing, 3-9
Unpacking the printer, l-5
IN-6
v
Voltage, l-5, l-8, A-6
power supply, A-6
W
Warnings, Intro-3
Weight, printer, A-6
Where to get help, Intro-3
EPSON OVERSEAS MARKETING LOCATIONS
EPSON AMERICA, INC.
EPSON UK LTD.
20770 Madrona A v e .
C a m p u s 100, M a y l a n d s A v e n u e ,
P.O. Box 2842
Hemel Hempstead, Herts.
Torrance, CA 90509.2842
H P 2 7EZ. U.K.
Phone: (800) 922.89 1 1
P h o n e : 442-6 1144
F a x : (310) 782.5220
Telex: 5 182467
EPSON DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
EPSON FRANCE S.A.
ZUlplcher StraBe 6,
68 bis, r u e Marjolin
4000 Diisseldorf 11 F.R. G e r m a n y
92300, Levallois-Perret.
P h o n e : (02 11) 56030
P h o n e : (1) 4087.3737
T e l e x : 8584786
T e l e x : 610657
EPSON AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.
EPSON SINGAPORE PTE. LTD.
France
Unit 3, 17 R o d b o r o u g h R o a d ,
No. 1 Raffles Place #26-00
Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086, Australia
OUB Centre, S i n g a p o r e 0104
P h o n e (2) 452.0666
P h o n e 5330477
F a x : (2) 9 7 5 - l 409
F a x : 53381 19
EPSON HONG KONG LTD.
EPSON ELECTRONICS TRADING LTD.
(TAIWAN BRANCH)
2 0 / F , Harbour Centre.
25 Harbour R o a d , Wanchat.
1OF. No. 287 Nanklng E. R o a d , S e c . 3.
Hong Kong
Taipei,
P h o n e 5854600
P h o n e . (02) 7 17-7360
T e l e x : 65542
F a x : (02) 7 12-9 164
Taiwan, R.O.C.
EPSON ITALIA S.p.A.
EPSON IBERICA S.A.
V.le F II I Caslraghi 427
Av. d e Roma. 18-26
20099 Sesto S.Glovanni
08290 Cerdanyola del Valles
Ml, Italy
Barcelona, Spain
P h o n e 2-26233 1
P h o n e : 582 15.00
F a x 2.2440750
Fax: 582.15.55
SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
(Hirooka Office)
80 Harashmden. Hirooka
Shiojlri-shi, Nagano-ken
399-07 Japan
P h o n e , (0263) 52-2552
1993 Feb.
User’s Guide
Printed in Japan 94.02-