Delta 23-592 Instruction manual

(Model 23-592)
PART NO. 901926 (015)
Copyright © 2001 Delta Machinery
To learn more about DELTA MACHINERY
visit our website at: www.deltamachinery.com.
For Parts, Service, Warranty or other Assistance,
please call
ESPAÑOL: PÁGINA 11
1-800-223-7278 (In Canada call 1-800-463-3582).
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
8" Bench Grinder W/Lamp
SAFETY RULES
Woodworking can be dangerous if safe and proper operating procedures are not followed. As with all machinery, there
are certain hazards involved with the operation of the product. Using the machine with respect and caution will
considerably lessen the possibility of personal injury. However, if normal safety precautions are overlooked or ignored,
personal injury to the operator may result. Safety equipment such as guards, push sticks, hold-downs, featherboards,
goggles, dust masks and hearing protection can reduce your potential for injury. But even the best guard won’t make
up for poor judgment, carelessness or inattention. Always use common sense and exercise caution in the workshop.
If a procedure feels dangerous, don’t try it. Figure out an alternative procedure that feels safer. REMEMBER: Your
personal safety is your responsibility.
This machine was designed for certain applications only. Delta Machinery strongly recommends that this machine not
be modified and/or used for any application other than that for which it was designed. If you have any questions relative
to a particular application, DO NOT use the machine until you have first contacted Delta to determine if it can or should
be performed on the product.
Technical Service Manager
Delta Machinery
4825 Highway 45 North
Jackson, TN 38305
(IN CANADA: 505 SOUTHGATE DRIVE, GUELPH, ONTARIO N1H 6M7)
WARNING: FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE RULES MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY
1. FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY, READ INSTRUCTION
MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING THE TOOL. Learn the
tool’s application and limitations as well as the specific
hazards peculiar to it.
2. KEEP GUARDS IN PLACE and in working order.
3. ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION.
4. REMOVE ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES. Form
habit of checking to see that keys and adjusting wrenches
are removed from tool before turning it “on”.
5. KEEP WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered areas and
benches invite accidents.
6. DON’T USE IN DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENT. Don’t
use power tools in damp or wet locations, or expose them
to rain. Keep work area well-lighted.
7. KEEP CHILDREN AND VISITORS AWAY. All children
and visitors should be kept a safe distance from work area.
8. MAKE WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF – with padlocks,
master switches, or by removing starter keys.
9. DON’T FORCE TOOL. It will do the job better and be
safer at the rate for which it was designed.
10. USE RIGHT TOOL. Don’t force tool or attachment to
do a job for which it was not designed.
11. WEAR PROPER APPAREL. No loose clothing, gloves,
neckties, rings, bracelets, or other jewelry to get caught in
moving parts. Nonslip footwear is recommended. Wear
protective hair covering to contain long hair.
12. ALWAYS USE SAFETY GLASSES. Wear safety
glasses. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact resistant
lenses; they are not safety glasses. Also use face or dust
mask if cutting operation is dusty. These safety glasses
must conform to ANSI Z87.1 requirements. Note:
Approved glasses have Z87 printed or stamped on them.
13. SECURE WORK. Use clamps or a vise to hold work
when practical. It’s safer than using your hand and frees
both hands to operate tool.
14. DON’T OVERREACH. Keep proper footing and
balance at all times.
15. MAINTAIN TOOLS IN TOP CONDITION. Keep tools
sharp and clean for best and safest performance. Follow
instructions for lubricating and changing accessories.
16. DISCONNECT TOOLS before servicing and when
changing accessories such as blades, bits, cutters, etc.
17. USE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES. The use of
accessories and attachments not recommended by Delta
may cause hazards or risk of injury to persons.
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18. REDUCE THE RISK OF UNINTENTIONAL STARTING.
Make sure switch is in “OFF” position before plugging in
power cord. In the event of a power failure, move switch
to the “OFF” position.
19. NEVER STAND ON TOOL. Serious injury could occur if
the tool is tipped or if the cutting tool is accidentally
contacted.
20. CHECK DAMAGED PARTS. Before further use of the
tool, a guard or other part that is damaged should be
carefully checked to ensure that it will operate properly and
perform its intended function – check for alignment of
moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts,
mounting, and any other conditions that may affect its
operation. A guard or other part that is damaged should be
properly repaired or replaced.
21. DIRECTION OF FEED. Feed work into a blade or
cutter against the direction of rotation of the blade or cutter
only.
22. NEVER LEAVE TOOL RUNNING UNATTENDED.
TURN POWER OFF. Don’t leave tool until it comes to a
complete stop.
23. DRUGS, ALCOHOL, MEDICATION. Do not operate
tool while under the influence of drugs, alcohol or any
medication.
24. MAKE SURE TOOL IS DISCONNECTED FROM
P O W E R S U P P LY w h i l e m o t o r i s b e i n g m o u n t e d ,
connected or re-connected.
25. THE DUST GENERATED by certain woods and wood
products can be injurious to your health. Always operate
machinery in well ventilated areas and provide for proper
dust removal. Use wood dust collection systems whenever
possible.
26.
WARNING: SOME DUST CREATED BY
POWER SANDING, SAWING, GRINDING, DRILLING,
AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES contains
chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals
are:
· lead from lead-based paints,
· crystalline silica from bricks and cement and other
masonry products, and
· arsenic and chromium from chemically-treated lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how
often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure
to these chemicals: work in a well ventilated area, and
work with approved safety equipment, such as those
dust masks that are specially designed to filter out
microscopic particles.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
Refer to them often and use them to instruct others.
ADDITIONAL SAFETY RULES FOR GRINDERS
1. DO NOT OPERATE your tool until it is completely
assembled and installed according to the instructions.
15. STAND to one side of the grinder when turning on
the power.
2. IF YOU ARE NOT thoroughly familiar with the operation of grinders, obtain advice from your supervisor,
instructor or other qualified person.
16. AVOID awkward hand positions where a sudden slip
could cause a hand to move into the attachment
(grinding wheel, wire brush, buffing wheel, etc...).
3. USE only attachments rated for 3600 RPM or higher
with a 1/2" arbor hole. NEVER use an attachment rated
lower than 3600 RPM or attempt to machine an
undersized attachment to fit an arbor.
17. ALWAYS keep hands and fingers away from the
attachments (grinding wheel, wire brush, buffing wheel,
etc...).
18. NEVER start the grinder with the workpiece pressed
against the attachment (grinding wheel, wire brush,
buffing wheel, etc...).
4. NEVER use a chipped or cracked wheel. ALWAYS
inspect each wheel before mounting on the grinder.
REPLACE A CRACKED WHEEL IMMEDIATELY.
5.
19. DRESS the wheel on the face only. Dressing the side
of the wheel can cause it to become too thin for safe use.
DO NOT overtighten wheel nut.
6. ALWAYS maintain a distance of 1/8" or less between
the wheel and the tool rest. Adjust the tool rests as the
wheels decrease in size with use.
20. DO NOT use an attachment that causes vibration.
Dress the grinding wheel, replace the wheel or other
attachment, or replace the shaft bearings, if worn.
7. SECURELY tighten tool rests so they cannot shift
position while in use.
21. GRINDING CREATES HEAT. Do not touch the
work-piece until you are sure it has cooled sufficiently.
8. NEVER grind on a cold wheel. The grinder should
always be started and run at idle speed for one full
minute before applying work.
22. SHOULD any part of your tool be missing, damaged,
or fail in any way, or any electrical component fail to
perform properly, shut off switch and remove plug from
power supply outlet. Replace missing, damaged or failed
parts before resuming operation.
9. NEVER grind on the side of the wheel. ALWAYS
grind on the face of the wheel only.
23. ADDITIONAL information regarding the safe and
proper operation of this product is available from the
National Safety Council, 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca,
IL 60143-3201 in the Accident Prevention Manual for
Industrial Operations and also in the Safety Data Sheets
provided by the NSC. Please also refer to the American
National Standards Institute ANSI B7.1 Safety
Requirements for the use, care, and protection of
abrasive wheels; ANSI B11.9 Safety Requirements for
the construction, care and use of grinding machines; and
the U.S. Department of Labor OSHA 1910.215
Regulations for Abrasive Wheel Machinery.
10. NEVER apply coolant directly to a grinding wheel.
Coolant can weaken the bonding strength of the wheel
and cause it to fail. Dip the workpiece into water to cool
it.
11. SPARKS ARE A HAZARD! NEVER operate tool near
flammable gas or liquids.
12. ALWAYS MAKE SURE the wheel guards and eye
shields are in place, properly adjusted and secured.
13. KEEP the spark guards close to the wheel and readjust them as the wheel wears.
14. MAKE CERTAIN the blotter and flanges furnished with the grinder are used to mount the
attachments (grinding wheels, wire brushs, buffing
wheels, etc...) onto the shaft.
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UNPACKING AND CLEANING
Carefully unpack the tool and all loose items from the carton. Remove the protective coating from all unpainted parts.
This coating may be removed with a soft cloth moistened with kerosene (do not use acetone, gasoline, or lacquer
thinner for this purpose).
WARNING: FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY, DO NOT CONNECT THE TOOL TO THE POWER SOURCE UNTIL THE
MACHINE IS COMPLETELY ASSEMBLED AND YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE
INSTRUCTION MANUAL.
1
14
3
4
2
15
8
13
7
10
12
16
11
9
Fig. 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Grinder
Tool rest (2)
Tool rest arm (2)
Eye shield (2)
Eye shield spacer (2)
Eye shield bolt (2)
Eye shield knob (2)
Left side spark guard
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
4
5/16-18x3/4" Hex head screw (2)
3/4" Flat washer (4)
5/16-18x5/8" Hex head screw (4)
1/4-20x1/4" Hex head screw (2)
1/4" Flat washer (4)
Wrench
Right side spark guard
5/16" Lock washer (2)
5
6
ASSEMBLY
TOOL RESTS
A
1. Assemble adjustable tool rest (A) Fig. 3, to left side
of tool rest arm (B), as shown, and fasten with one 5/1618x3/4" hex head screw (C) and 5/16" lockwasher (D).
Assemble the remaining tool rest to the right side of the
other tool rest arm in the same manner. Do not
completely tighten hardware at this time.
C
D
B
2. Assemble left tool rest assembly (D) Fig. 4, to the
inside of left wheel guard (E), and fasten with two 5/1618x5/8" screws (F) and 3/4" flat washers (G) as shown.
Fig. 3
3. Assemble right tool rest assembly to the inside of
right wheel guard and fasten with two 5/16-18x5/8" hex
head screws and 3/4" flat washers in the same manner.
4. Each tool rest assembly (D) Fig. 4, is adjustable so it
can be positioned slightly below the centerline of the
wheel and as close to the grinding wheel as possible,
giving maximum support to the piece that is being
ground. Always maintain a distance of 1/8" or less
between the grinding wheel and the inside edge of the
tool rest. As the wheels wear down, the tool rest should
be adjusted accordingly. When the tool rest is positioned
correctly, tighten hardware (C) and (F). Freehand
grinding without the use of a tool rest should always be
done on the lower quarter of the wheel.
G
D
E
C
F
Fig. 4
SPARK GUARDS
B
The spark guard (A) Fig. 5, is mounted to the side of each
wheel guard, using the 1/4-20x1/4" hex head screw (B)
and 1/4" flat washer (C) as shown. NOTE: The tab (D)
Fig. 5, on the side of the spark guard (A), must be
placed in slot (E), before attaching the spark guard
(A) to the grinder. The spark guard (A) should be
adjusted as close as possible to the grinding wheel so
that sparks never strike the operator’s hand. As the
wheels wear down, the spark guard (A) should be
adjusted accordingly.
C
D
E
A
Fig. 5
EYE SHIELDS
Your grinder is supplied with two eye shields for operator
protection. NOTE: ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION.
To assemble the eye shields, proceed as follows:
1. Place the eye shield on the spark guard as shown in
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6
5
2. Align the holes in the eye shield with the holes in the
spark guard and place the eye shield spacer (A) Fig. 7, in
the space in the spark guard as shown.
A
Fig. 7
E
C
3. Insert the eye shield bolt (A) Fig. 8, through the hole
in the eye shield (B), eye shield spacer (C), and spark
guard (D).
F
A
4. Place an 1/4" flat washer (E) Fig. 8, onto the end of
the eye shield bolt and fasten the eye shield knob (F) to
the end of the eye shield bolt.
B
D
5. Assemble the other eye shield in the same manner.
Fig. 8
FASTENING GRINDER TO
SUPPORTING SURFACE
IF DURING OPERATION THERE IS ANY TENDENCY
FOR THE GRINDER TO TIP OVER, SLIDE OR
“WALK,” THE GRINDER MUST BE SECURED TO THE
SUPPORTING SURFACE USING FASTENERS (NOT
SUPPLIED) THROUGH THE TWO HOLES (A) Fig. 9, IN
THE GRINDER BASE.
A
A
Fig. 9
CONNECTING TOOL TO POWER SOURCE
POWER CONNECTIONS
A separate electrical circuit should be used for your tools. This circuit should not be less than #12 wire and should be
protected with a 20 Amp time lag fuse. If an extension cord is used, use only 3-wire extension cords which have
3-prong grounding type plugs and 3-hole receptacles which accept the tool’s plug. Before connecting the motor to the
power line, make sure the switch is in the “OFF” position and be sure that the electric current is of the same
characteristics as indicated on the tool. All line connections should make good contact. Running on low voltage will
damage the motor.
MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS
Your tool is wired for 120 volt, 60 HZ alternating current. Before connecting the tool to the power source, make sure
the switch is in the “OFF” position. The motor provides a no-load speed of 3450 RPM.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING: THIS TOOL MUST BE GROUNDED WHILE IN USE TO PROTECT THE OPERATOR FROM
ELECTRIC SHOCK.
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1. All grounded, cord-connected tools:
In the event of a malfunction or breakdown, grounding
provides a path of least resistance for electric current to
reduce the risk of electric shock. This tool is equipped
with an electric cord having an equipment-grounding
conductor and a grounding plug. The plug must be
plugged into a matching outlet that is properly installed
and grounded in accordance with all local codes and
ordinances.
2. Grounded, cord-connected tools intended for use on
a supply circuit having a nominal rating less than 150
volts:
This tool is intended for use on a normal 120-volt circuit
and has a grounded plug that looks like the plug
illustrated in Fig. 10.
If a properly grounded outlet is not available, a temporary
adapter, shown in Fig. 11, may be used for connecting the
3-prong grounding type plug to a 2-hole receptacle. The
temporary adapter should be used only until a properly
grounded outlet can be installed by a qualified electrician.
The green colored rigid ear, lug, or the like extending from
the adapter must be connected to a permanent ground
such as a properly grounded outlet box cover. Whenever
the adapter is used, it must be held in place with a metal
screw.
Do not modify the plug provided - if it will not fit the outlet,
have the proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician.
Improper connection of the equipment-grounding
conductor can result in risk of electric shock. The
conductor with insulation having an outer surface that is
green with or without yellow stripes is the equipmentgrounding conductor. If repair or replacement of the
electric cord or plug is necessary, do not connect the
equipment-grounding conductor to a live terminal.
NOTE: In Canada, the use of a temporary adapter is
not permitted by the Canadian Electric Code.
Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel if
t h e g ro u n d i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s a re n o t c o m p l e t e l y
understood, or if in doubt as to whether the tool is
properly grounded.
WARNING: IN ALL CASES, MAKE CERTAIN
THE RECEPTACLE IN QUESTION IS PROPERLY
G R O U N D E D . I F Y O U A R E N O T S U R E H AV E A
QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN CHECK THE RECEPTACLE.
Use only 3-wire extension cords that have 3-prong
grounding type plugs and 3-hole receptacles that accept
the tool’s plug, as shown in Fig. 10.
Repair or replace damaged or worn cord immediately.
HOLES
GROUNDED OUTLET BOX
GROUNDED OUTLET BOX
CURRENT
CARRYING
PRONGS
GROUNDING
MEANS
ADAPTER
GROUNDING BLADE
IS LONGEST OF THE 3 BLADES
HOLES
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
MINIMUM GAUGE EXTENSION CORD
EXTENSION CORDS
RECOMMENDED SIZES FOR USE WITH STATIONARY ELECTRIC TOOLS
Use proper extension cords. Make sure your extension
cord is in good condition and is a 3-wire extension cord
which has a 3-prong grounding type plug and a 3-hole
receptacle which will accept the tool’s plug. When using
an extension cord, be sure to use one heavy enough to
carry the current of the tool. An undersized cord will
cause a drop in line voltage, resulting in loss of power
and overheating. Fig. 12, shows the correct gauge to use
depending on the cord length. If in doubt, use the next
heavier gauge. The smaller the gauge number, the
heavier the cord.
Ampere
Rating
0-6
0-6
0-6
0-6
6-10
6-10
6-10
6-10
10-12
10-12
10-12
10-12
12-16
12-16
12-16
7
Volts
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
Total Length of
Cord in Feet
up to 25
25-50
50-100
100-150
up to 25
25-50
50-100
100-150
up to 25
25-50
50-100
100-150
up to 25
25-50
Gauge of
Extension Cord
18 AWG
16 AWG
16 AWG
14 AWG
18 AWG
16 AWG
14 AWG
12 AWG
16 AWG
16 AWG
14 AWG
12 AWG
14 AWG
12 AWG
GREATER THAN 50 FEET NOT RECOMMENDED
Fig. 12
FLEXIBLE LAMP
A
The flexible lamp operates independently of the grinder.
To turn the lamp on and off, rotate switch (A) Fig. 13.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire, use 40 watt or
less, 120 volt, reflector track type light bulb (not
supplied). A standard household light bulb should not be
used. The reflector track type light bulb should not
extend below the lamp shade.
Fig. 13
STARTING AND
STOPPING GRINDER
A
The switch (A) Fig. 14, is located on the front of the
grinder. To turn the grinder “ON” push the left hand
portion of the switch and to turn the grinder “OFF” push
the right hand portion of the switch.
Fig. 14
GRINDING WHEELS
WARNING: THE USE OF ACCESSORIES AND ATTACHMENTS NOT RECOMMENDED BY DELTA MAY RESULT
IN RISK OF INJURIES. Grinding wheels used with this grinder should be rated for 3600 RPM or higher and be 8" in
diameter with a 1/2" arbor hole.
Two aluminum oxide grinding wheels are supplied with your grinder; one 36 grit and one 60 grit. For best grinding
results, and to maintain good balance, always keep the wheels properly dressed. Do not force the work against a cold
wheel. The grinding wheel should always be run at idle speed for one full minute before applying work. It is
recommended that only balanced wheels be used with your grinder. The use of balanced wheels adds years to the life
of the bearings on the grinder and by eliminating the most common source of vibration, more accurate work is
accomplished.
DRESSING A
GRINDING WHEEL
SILICON
CARBIDE
When dressing a grinding wheel use a suitable silicon
carbide stick type dresser, as shown in Fig. 15. Bring the
dresser forward on the tool rest until it just touches the
high point of the face of the wheel and dress the wheel
by moving the dresser back and forth. Repeat this
operation until the face of the wheel is clean and the
corners of the wheel are square.
GRINDING
WHEEL
STICK
DRESSER
TOOL
REST
CHANGING GRINDING
WHEELS
Fig. 15
4. To replace the grinding wheel on the right, turn the
arbor nut, counterclockwise to loosen; clockwise to
tighten the arbor nut.
5. The arbor bushing should be saved, for future use, if
the replacement wheel does not use the bushing.
1. CAUTION: DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM
POWER SOURCE BEFORE CHANGING GRINDING
WHEELS.
2. When changing wheels, remove the screws
attaching the side covers to the grinder and remove the
side covers.
3. To prevent shaft rotation, place a wedge between the
grinding wheel and the tool rest. NOTE: Facing the front
of the grinder: to replace the wheel on the left side of the
grinder, turn the arbor nut clockwise to loosen;
counterclockwise to tighten the arbor nut.
WARNING: DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN WHEEL NUTS
WHEN INSTALLING GRINDING WHEELS. TIGHTEN
WHEEL NUT ENOUGH TO DRIVE THE WHEEL AND
PREVENT SLIPPAGE.
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ACCESSORIES
A complete line of accessories is available from your Delta Supplier, Porter-Cable Delta Factory Service Centers,
and Delta Authorized Service Stations. Please visit our Web Site www.deltamachinery.com for a catalog or
for the name of your nearest supplier.
WARNING: Since accessories, other than those offered by Delta, have not been tested
with this product, use of such accessories could be hazardous. For safest operation, only
Delta recommended accessories should be used with this product.
PARTS, SERVICE OR WARRANTY ASSISTANCE
All Delta Machines and accessories are manufactured to high quality standards and are serviced by a network
of Porter-Cable Delta Factory Service Centers and Delta Authorized Service Stations. To obtain additional
information regarding your Delta quality product or to obtain parts, service, warranty assistance, or the location
of the nearest service outlet, please call 1-800-223-7278 (In Canada call 1-800-463-3582).
Delta Building Trades and Home Shop Machinery
Two Year Limited Warranty
Delta will repair or replace, at its expense and at its option, any Delta machine, machine part, or machine accessory which
in normal use has proven to be defective in workmanship or material, provided that the customer returns the product
prepaid to a Delta factory service center or authorized service station with proof of purchase of the product within two
years and provides Delta with reasonable opportunity to verify the alleged defect by inspection. Delta may require that
electric motors be returned prepaid to a motor manufacturer’s authorized station for inspection and repair or replacement.
Delta will not be responsible for any asserted defect which has resulted from normal wear, misuse, abuse or repair or
alteration made or specifically authorized by anyone other than an authorized Delta Service facility or representative. Under
no circumstances will Delta be liable for incidental or consequential damages resulting from defective products. This
warranty is Delta’s sole warranty and sets forth the customer’s exclusive remedy, with respect to defective products; all
other warranties, express or implied, whether of merchantability, fitness for purpose, or otherwise, are expressly
disclaimed by Delta.
Printed in U.S.A.
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