User’s Guide
RIGOL
Publication number UGA07111-1110
July 2009
DS1000E, DS1000D Series
Digital Oscilloscopes
DS1102E, DS1052E, DS1102D, DS1052D
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved
RIGOL
1.
2.
3.
4.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved
RIGOL products are protected by patent law in and outside of P.R. China.
Information in this publication replaces all previously corresponding material.
RIGOL Technologies, Inc. reserves the right to modify or change part of or all
the specifications and pricing policies at company’s sole decision.
NOTE: RIGOL is registered trademark of RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
I
RIGOL
Safety Notices
Review the following safety precautions carefully before operating the instrument to
avoid any personal injuries or damages to the instrument and any products
connected to it. To avoid potential hazards use the instrument as specified by this
user’s guide only.
The instrument should be serviced by qualified personnel only.
Avoid Fire or Personal Injury.
Use Proper Power Cord. Use the power cord designed for the instrument and
authorized in your country only.
Connect and Disconnect Accessories. Do not connect or disconnect probes or
test leads while they are connected to a voltage source.
Ground The Instrument. The oscilloscope is grounded through the grounding
conductor of the power cord. To avoid electric shock the instrument grounding
conductor(s) must be grounded properly. Before making connections to the input or
output terminals of the instrument.
Connect The Probe. The probes’ ground terminals are at the same voltage level of
the instrument ground. Do not connect the ground terminals to a high voltage.
Observe All Terminal Ratings. To avoid fire or shock hazard, observe all ratings
and marks on the instrument. Follow the user’s guide for further ratings information
before making connections to the instrument.
Do Not Operate Without Covers. Do not operate the instrument with covers or
panels removed.
Use Proper Fuse. Use the fuse of the type, voltage and current ratings as specified
for the instrument.
Avoid Circuit or Wire Exposure. Do not touch exposed connections and
components when power is on.
Do Not Operate With Suspected Failures. If suspected damage occurs with the
instrument, have it inspected by qualified service personnel before further
operations.
Provide Proper Ventilation. Refer to the installation instructions for proper
ventilation of the instrument.
II
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Do not operate in wet/damp conditions
Do not operate in an explosive atmosphere
Keep product surfaces clean and dry
The disturbance test of all the models meet the limit values of A in the
standard of EN 61326: 1997+A1+A2+A3, but can’t meet the limit values
of B.
Measurement Category
The DS1000E, DS1000D series Digital Oscilloscope is intended to be used for
measurements in Measurement Category I.
Measurement Category Definitions
Measurement Category I is for measurements performed on circuits not directly
connected to MAINS. Examples are measurements on circuits not derived from
MAINS, and specially protected (internal) MAINS derived circuits. In the latter case,
transient stresses are variable; for that reason, the transient withstand capability of
the equipment is made known to the user.
WARNING
IEC Measurement Category I, The input terminals may be connected to circuit
terminal in IEC Category I installations for voltages up to 300 VAC. To avoid the
danger of electric shock, do not connect the inputs to circuit’s voltages above 300
VAC. Transient overvoltage is also present on circuits that are isolated from mains.
The DS1000E, DS1000D series Digital Oscilloscopes is designed to safely withstand
occasional transient overvoltage up to 1000Vpk. Do not use this equipment to
measure circuits where transient overvoltage could exceed this level.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
III
RIGOL
Safety Terms and Symbols
Terms in This Guide: These terms may appear in this guide:
!
WARNING: Warning statements identify conditions or practices that could
result in injury or loss of life.
!
CAUTION: Caution statements identify conditions or practices that could
result in damage to this product or other property.
Terms on the Product: These terms may appear on the product:
DANGER: indicates an injury hazard may be immediately accessible.
WARNING: indicates a potential injury hazard may be immediately accessible.
CAUTION: indicates that a potential damage to the instrument or other property
might occur.
Symbols on the Product:
These symbols may appear on the product:
!
Hazardous
Voltage
IV
Refer to
Instructions
Protective
Earth Terminal
Grounding
Terminal
of Chassis
Test
Grounding
Terminal
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
General-Purpose Oscilloscopes
This book covers the following four types of DS1000E, DS1000D Series Digital
Oscilloscopes:
DS1102E, DS1052E
DS1102D, DS1052D (With Logic Analyzer)
DS1000E, DS1000D series are kinds of economical digital oscilloscope with
high-performance. DS1000E series are designed with dual channels and 1 external
trigger channel. DS1000D series are designed with dual channels and 1 external
trigger channel as well as 16 channels logic analyzer.
The front panel of DS1000E, DS1000D series digital oscilloscopes are clear, direct
viewing and easy to use, which consistent with the traditional instrument use fully.
To speed up the adjustment and measurement, please press AUTO button to get
suitable waveform display and settings. Besides, 1GSa/s maximum real-time sample
rate, 25GSa/s maximum equivalent sample rate and the powerful trigger and
analyzer functions enable users view or capture the waveform more detailed and
faster.
Main Features
 Dual analog channels, 1GSa/s maximum real-time sample rate and 25GSa/s
maximum equivalent sample rate, Bandwidth of per channel:
100MHz (DS1102E, DS1102D)
50MHz (DS1052E, DS1052D)
 Optional 16 digital channels (DS1000D series), each channel can be turned on
or off independently, or in a 8 bit group
 5.6 inch and 64 k TFT LCD
 Abundant trigger types: Edge, Pulse Width, Video, Slope, Alternate, Pattern and
Duration Trigger (Only for DS1000D series)
 Unique adjustable trigger sensitivity enables to meet different demands
 Enable to measure 20 types of wave parameters and track measurements via
cursor automatically
 Unique waveform record and replay function
 Fine delayed scan function
 Built-in FFT function, hold practical digital filters
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
V
RIGOL
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VI
Provide 4 types of digital filters: LPF, HPF, BPF, BRF
Pass/Fail detection function enables to output testing results
Math operations available to multiple waves
Powerful PC application software UltraScope
Standard configuration interface: USB Device, USB Host ,RS-232 and support U
disk storage and PictBridge print standards
The new function “Special Mode” can meet the needs of industrial production
Support for remote command control
Built-in help menu enables information getting more convenient
Multiple Language User Interface, support Chinese & English input
Support U disk and local files storage
Waveform intensity can be adjusted
To display a signal automatically by AUTO
Pop-up menu makes it easy to read and use
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Content
Safety Notices .......................................................................................... II
General-Purpose Oscilloscopes ................................................................... V
Chapter 1
Quick Start ......................................................................... 1-1
To Inspect the Instrument ...................................................................... 1-2
The Panels and User Interface................................................................. 1-3
To Perform a Functional Check ................................................................ 1-7
To Compensate Probes ........................................................................... 1-9
Digital Leads (Only for DS1000D Series) ................................................ 1-10
To Display a Signal Automatically .......................................................... 1-12
To Understand the Vertical System ........................................................ 1-13
To Understand the Horizontal System .................................................... 1-15
To Understand the Trigger System ........................................................ 1-17
Chapter 2
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
To
Operating Your Oscilloscope .............................................. 2-1
Set up the Vertical System ................................................................. 2-2
Set up the Horizontal System ........................................................... 2-27
Set up the Trigger System ................................................................ 2-34
Set up the Sampling System ............................................................. 2-53
Set up the Display System ................................................................ 2-57
Store and Recall .............................................................................. 2-59
Set up the Utility System .................................................................. 2-67
Measure Automatically ..................................................................... 2-88
Measure with Cursors ...................................................................... 2-94
Use Run Control Buttons ................................................................ 2-101
Chapter 3
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Application & Examples ..................................................... 3-1
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
9:
Taking Simple Measurements ................................................. 3-1
View a Signal Delay Caused by a Circuit .................................. 3-2
Capture a Single-Shot Signal .................................................. 3-3
To Reduce the Random Noise on a Signal ............................... 3-4
Making Cursor Measurements ................................................ 3-6
The application of the X-Y operation ....................................... 3-8
Triggering on a Video Signal ................................................ 3-10
FFT Cursor measurement .................................................... 3-12
Pass/Fail Test ..................................................................... 3-13
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
VII
RIGOL
Example 10: Triggering on a Digital Signal .............................................. 3-14
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting ................................................................. 4-1
Chapter 5
Specifications ..................................................................... 5-1
Specifications ......................................................................................... 5-2
General Specifications ............................................................................. 5-6
Chapter 6
Appendix ............................................................................ 6-1
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
A: Accessories .......................................................................... 6-1
B: Warranty ............................................................................. 6-2
C: Care and Cleaning ................................................................ 6-3
D: Contact RIGOL ..................................................................... 6-4
Index ........................................................................................................ 1
VIII
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Chapter 1 Quick Start
This chapter covers the following topics:

To Inspect the Instrument

The Panels and User Interface

To Perform a Functional Check

To Compensate Probes

Digital Leads (Only for DS1000D Series)

To Display a Signal Automatically

To Understand the Vertical System

To Understand the Horizontal System

To Understand the Trigger System
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-1
RIGOL
To Inspect the Instrument
When you get a new DS1000E, DS1000D series oscilloscope, please inspect the
instrument according to the following steps:
1. Inspect the shipping container for damage.
Keep a damaged shipping container or cushioning material until the contents of
the shipment have been checked for completeness and the instrument has been
checked mechanically and electrically.
2. Inspect the instrument.
In case there is any mechanical damage or defect, or the instrument does not
operate properly or fails performance tests, please notify the RIGOL Sales
Representative.
If the shipping container is damaged, or the cushioning materials show signs of
stress, please notify the carrier as well as the RIGOL sales office. Keep the
shipping materials for the carrier’s inspection. RIGOL offices will arrange for
repair or replacement at RIGOL’s option without waiting for claim settlement.
3. Check the accessories.
Accessories supplied with the instrument are listed in "Appendix A: Accessories"
in this guide.
If the contents are incomplete or damaged, please notify your RIGOL Sales
Representative.
1-2
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
The Panels and User Interface
The first thing to do with a new oscilloscope is to know its front panel. This chapter
helps to be familiar with the layout of the knobs and buttons and how to use them.
Read the chapter carefully before further operations.
1. Front Panel
Figure 1- 1, Front Panel; the knobs are used most often and are similar to the knobs
on other oscilloscopes. The buttons allow you to use some of the functions directly
but also bring up soft button menus on the screen, which enable the access to many
measurement features associated with advanced functions, mathematics, and
reference or to run control features.
 The front panel of DS1000E:
 The front panel of DS1000D:
Figure 1- 1
Front Panel Figure of DS1000E, DS1000D Series Oscilloscope
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-3
RIGOL
Multi-function Common Menu
Knob Buttons
Run Control
Buttons
Trigger Control
Horizontal
Control
Vertical Control
USB Host
Logic Analyzer Port
Signal Input
Channel
EXT Trigger Probe
Input Compensation
Figure 1- 2
Front Panel Instruction
2. Rear Panel
Figure 1- 3
Rear Panel Figure of DS1000E, DS1000D Series Oscilloscope
1-4
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 1- 4
Rear Panel Instruction
Rear Panel of DS1000E, DS10000D series contains the following parts:
①
②
③
Pass/Fail output port: The Pass/Fail testing results can be output by the port.
RS232 port: To connect the oscilloscopes and external equipment as serial
port.
USB Device port: It is used to transfer data when external USB equipment
connects to the oscilloscope regarded as “Device equipment”. For example: to
use this port when connect PictBridge printer to the instrument by USB.
Notation definitions in this User’s Guide:
Throughout this manual, notation symbols of buttons and knobs are the same to
those on front-panel.

A box around the name of the button denotes MENU function buttons on
front-panel, such as Measure.





(
) denotes the multi-function knob .
denotes the two POSITION knobs.
denotes the two SCALE knobs.
denotes the LEVEL knob.
The name with a drop shadow denotes the menu operating button, such as
WAVEFORM soft button in STORAGE menu.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-5
RIGOL
3. User Interface
Running status
Location of
waveform window Trigger point
in memory
in memory
Trigger point in
waveform window
Channel 1
Menu
Channel 2
Waveform
display window
Figure 1- 5
Display screen (Analog channels only)
Running status
Turn off
digital channels
Turn on
digital channels
Channel 1
Digital
channels
Channel coupling
and vertical div
Horizontal
time base div
Trigger
offset
Figure 1- 6
User Interface (Analog and Digital channels)
1-6
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Perform a Functional Check
Perform this quick functional check to verify that the instrument is operating
correctly.
1.
Turn on the instrument.

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
Use the power cord designed for the oscilloscope only.
Use a power source that delivers 100 to 240 VACRMS, 45Hz to 440Hz.
Turn on the instruments, and wait until the display shows the waveform window.
Push the Storage button, select Storage in the top menu box and push the
Factory menu box.
Power button
Storage button
Figure 1- 7
Turn on and Check the instrument
!
2.
WARNING:
To avoid electric shock, be sure the oscilloscope is properly grounded.
Input a signal to a channel of the oscilloscope
DS1000E series: 2 channels input + 1 external trigger channel input
DS1000D series: 2 channels input + 1 external trigger channel input +16 channels
digital input
Do the following steps:
① Set the switch on the probe to 10X and connect the probe to Channel 1 on the
oscilloscope:
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-7
RIGOL
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

Align the slot in the probe connector with the button on the CH 1 BNC.
Push to connect, and twist to the right to lock the probe in place.
Attach the probe tip and ground lead to the PROBE COMP connector.
Probe compensator
Figure 1- 8
Attach the probe
② Set the probe attenuation to 10X. To do this, push CH1→Probe→10X.
Probe scale
Figure 1- 9
Set attenuation on the probe
Figure 1- 10
Set attenuation in the menu
③ Push the AUTO button. Within a few seconds, a square wave will display.
④ Push the CH1 button again to turn off Channel 1.
Push the CH2 button to turn on channel 2, repeat steps 2 and 3.
NOTE: The signal output from Probe compensator should only be used for probe
compensation, not for calibration.
1-8
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Compensate Probes
Perform this adjustment to match the characteristics of the probe and the channel
input. This should be performed whenever attaching a probe to any input channel for
the first time.
1.
From CH1 menu, set the Probe attenuation to 10X (press CH1→Probe→10X).
Set the switch to 10X on the probe and connect it to CH1 of the oscilloscope.
When using the probe hook-tip, inserting the tip onto the probe firmly to ensure
a proper connection.
Attach the probe tip to the Probe compensator connector and the reference lead
to the ground pin, Select CH1, and then press AUTO.
2.
Check the shape of the displayed waveform.
Over compensated
Correctly Compensated
Under Compensated
Figure 1-9
Figure 1- 11
Probe Compensation
3. If necessary, use a non-metallic tool to adjust the trimmer capacitor on the probe
for the flattest square wave possible as displayed on the oscilloscope.
4.
Repeat as necessary.
!
WARNING: To avoid electric shock while using the probe, be sure the
perfection of the insulated cable, and do not touch the metallic portions of
the probe head while it is connected with a voltage source.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-9
RIGOL
Digital Leads (Only for DS1000D Series)
Digital leads are provided only for DS1000D series which have Logic Analyzer.
1. Switch off power supply of the device under test if necessary to avoid short
circuit. Since no voltage is applied to the leads at this step, you may keep the
oscilloscope on.
2. Connect one end of the flat cable FC1868 to the Logic Analyzer Input; connect
the other end to Logic Head LH1116. An identifier is located on each end of the
flat cable; it can only be connected in one way. It is unnecessary to switch off
power supply of your oscilloscope when connecting the cable.
Figure 1- 12
Connect the digital leads
!
CAUTION: Use only FC1868, LH1116, TC1100 and LC1150 made by
RIGOL for specified DS1000D series.
3. Connect a test clip to one lead wire; make sure it’s connection good.
Test clip
Figure 1- 13
Input Interface of Digital Channel
1-10
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
4. Test your device with the clip.
Figure 1- 14
Digital Channel Measurement
5.
Remember to connect Ground Channel to the DUT’s ground terminal.
GND
Figure 1- 15
Connecting to the Ground
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-11
RIGOL
To Display a Signal Automatically
The oscilloscope has an automated feature to display the input signal best-fit. The
input signal should be 50Hz or higher and a duty cycle is greater than 1%.
Use Auto Setting:
1. Connect a signal to the oscilloscope as described above.
2. Press AUTO.
The oscilloscope will automatically set up VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL and TRIGGER
controls to display the input signal. Adjust the controls manually to get the best
results if necessary.
1-12
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Vertical System
Figure 1- 16 shows the VERTICAL controls, CH1, CH2, MATH, REF and OFF buttons
and vertical
,
knobs. Following the exercise of the buttons,
knobs, and the status bar to be familiar with the vertical parameters settings.
Figure 1- 16
The vertical system
1.
Moves the signal vertically on the display with the
knob.
When turning the
knob, a voltage value is displayed for a short time
indicating its value with respect to the ground reference located at the center of the
screen. Also notice that the ground symbol on the left side of the display moves in
conjunction with the
knob.
Measurement hints
If the channel is DC coupled, measuring the DC component of the signal by
simply noting its distance from the ground symbol.
If the channel is AC coupled, the DC component of the signal is blocked, allow
you to use greater sensitivity to display the AC component of the signal.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-13
RIGOL
Vertical offset back to 0 shortcut key
Turn the
knob to change the vertical display position of
channel and press the
knob to set the vertical display position
back to 0 as a shortcut key, this is especially helpful when the trace position is
far out of the screen and want it to get back to the screen center immediately.
2.
Change the vertical setup and notice that each change affects the
status bar differently.

View the status bar which is on the bottom of the screen to understand the
vertical scale.

Change the vertical scale by turning the
knob and notice the change
in the status bar.
Press CH1 , CH2 , MATH , REF , LA (only for DS1000D series) to display
the menu, sign, waveform of corresponding channel. Press OFF button to turn
off the channel.

Coarse/Fine Shortcut key
The Coarse/Fine vertical control can be set by simply pressing the vertical
knob.
1-14
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Horizontal System
Figure 1-17 shows the HORIZONTAL controls: MENU button,
and
knobs of horizontal system. Following the exercise to familiarize with the
buttons, knobs, and status bar.
Figure 1- 17
The horizontal system
1. Turn the
knob and notice the change in the status bar.
The horizontal
knob changes the sweep speed in a 1-2-5 step
sequence, and displays the value in the status bar. The time base ranges of the
oscilloscope is from 2ns/div* to 50s/div.
Delayed Scan Shortcut key
To press the
knob in the horizontal control area on the front-panel
is another way to enter or exit Delayed Scan mode and it is equal to the
following menu operations, MENU→Delayed→ON.
* NOTE: The speed of horizontal scan varies by different models.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-15
RIGOL
2. The horizontal
knob moves displayed signal horizontally
on waveform window
Turn the horizontal
knob to adjust trigger offset. The waveform
will move horizontally at the same time.
Horizontal offset back to 0 shortcut key
Press the
knob to set the horizontal offset to 0 as a shortcut
key, this is especially helpful when the trigger point is far out of the screen and
want it to get back to the screen center immediately.
3. Press the MENU button to display the TIME menu.
To enter or exit the Delayed Scan mode, set the display to Y-T, X-Y or ROLL mode,
or reset the trigger offset.
Horizontal position control
Trig-Offset: The position of the practical trigger point relative to center of
the memory. Adjust the horizontal
knob to move the trigger
point horizontally.
1-16
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Trigger System
Figure 1-18 shows the trigger control: MENU, 50%, FORCE and a
trigger
level knob. Following the exercise to familiarize with the buttons, trigger level knob
and status bar.
Figure 1-18
The trigger control window
1.
Turn the trigger Level knob and notice the changes on the display.
As you turn the
knob or pressing the 50% button, two things will happen
on the display for a short time.


First, the trigger level value is displayed at the bottom-left of the screen.
Second, a line is displayed showing the location of the trigger level (as long as
AC coupling or low frequency reject are not selected).
Trigger Level to 0 Shortcut key
Turn the
knob to change trigger level value and press the
knob to set trigger level back to 0 as a shortcut key.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1-17
RIGOL
2.
Change the trigger setup and notice these changes in the status bar.
Press MENU button in the Trigger control. A soft button menu appears on the display
showing the trigger setting choices as shown in Figure 1-19.
Figure 1- 19
· Press the trigger Mode button and choose Edge.
· Press the trigger Source button to select CH1.
· Press the trigger Slope button to choose
.
· Press the trigger Sweep button to select Auto.
· Press the trigger Set Up button to enter secondary menu.
NOTE: The trigger type, slope and source change in conjunction with the status bar
on the top-right of the screen.
3.
Press 50%
The 50% button sets the trigger level to the center of the signal.
4.
Press FORCE
Starting an acquisition regardless of an adequate trigger signal, usually used in
“Normal” or “Single” trigger mode. This button has no effect if the acquisition is
already stopped.
Key point:
Holdoff: A time interval before the oscilloscope response to next trigger
signal. During this holdoff period, the trigger system becomes “blind” to trigger
signals. This function helps to view complex signals such as an AM waveform.
Press Holdoff button to activate ( ) knob, then turn it to adjust Holdoff time.
1-18
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Chapter 2 Operating Your Oscilloscope
By now, a user should understand the VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL and TRIGGER
control systems and knows how to determine the system setup by status bar of a
DS1000E, DS1000D series digital oscilloscope.
This chapter will go through all groups of front-panel buttons, knobs and menus;
and further the knowledge of the operation by hints in this guide.
It is recommended to perform all of the following exercises to get the most of the
powerful measurement capabilities of the oscilloscope.
This chapter covers the following topics:

To Set up the Vertical System
( CH1, CH2, MATH, REF, LA (for DS1000D series) OFF, Vertical
Vertical

,
)
To Set up the Horizontal System
( MENU, Horizontal
, Horizontal
)

To Set up the Trigger System
(
, MENU, 50%, FORCE)

To Set up the Sampling System
( Acquire)

To Set up the Display System
( Display)

To Store and Recall
( Storage)

To Set up the Utility System
( Utility)

To Measure Automatically
( Measure)

To Measure with Cursors
( Cursor)

To Use Run Control Buttons
( AUTO, RUN/STOP)
Please refer to this chapter more carefully to get more information of the
measurement and operation methods of DS1000E and DS1000D.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-1
RIGOL
To Set up the Vertical System
Settings of the Channels
This series oscilloscopes offer dual channels. Each channel has an operation menu
and it will pop up after pressing CH1 or CH2 button. The settings of all items in the
menu is shown in the table below.
Figure 2- 1
Table 2- 1 The Channel menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Coupling
Settings
Comments
AC
Blocks the DC component of the
input Signal
Passes both AC and DC
components of the input signal
Disconnects the input signal
DC
GND
ON
BW Limit
OFF
Probe
1X
5X
10X
50X
100X
500X
1000X
Set this to match your probe
attenuation factor to make the
vertical scale readout correct
Setup digital filter (See table 2-4)
Digital filter
1/2
2-2
Limits the channel bandwidth to
20MHz to reduce display noise.
Get full bandwidth.
Go to the next menu page (The
followings are the same, no
more explanation)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 2
Table 2- 2 The Channel Menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
2/2
Back to the previous menu page
(The followings are the same, no
more explanation)
Selects
Coarse
Volts/Div
Fine
Invert
ON
OFF
the
resolution
of
the
knob
Defines a 1-2-5 sequence.
To change the resolution to small
steps between the coarse settings.
Turn on the invert function.
Restore original display of the
waveform.
1. Channel coupling
To use Channel 1 as an example, input a sine wave signal with DC shift.
Press CH1→Coupling→AC to set “AC” coupling. It will pass AC component blocks
the DC component of the input signal. The waveform is displayed as Figure 2- 3:
AC coupling
setup
AC coupling
status symbol
Figure 2- 3
AC coupling setting
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-3
RIGOL
Press CH1→Coupling→DC, to set “DC” coupling. It will pass both AC and DC
components of the input signal. The waveform is displayed as Figure 2- 4:
DC coupling
setup
DC coupling
status symbol
Figure 2- 4
DC coupling setting
Press CH1→Coupling→GND, to set “GND” coupling, it disconnects the input signal.
The screen displays as Figure 2-5:
GND coupling
setup
GND coupling
status symbol
Figure 2- 5
GND coupling setting
2-4
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
2. Set up the channel bandwidth limit
To use Channel 1 as an example, input a signal containing high frequency
component. Press CH1→BW Limit→OFF, to set up bandwidth limit to “OFF” status.
The oscilloscope is set to full bandwidth and passing the high frequency component
in the signal. The waveform is displayed as Figure 2- 6:
Turn off the BW
limit
Figure 2- 6
Turn off the BW limit
Press CH1→BW Limit→ON, to set up bandwidth limit to “ON” status. It will reject
the frequency component higher than 20MHz.
20M BW limit
Mark of
BW limit
Figure 2- 7
Turn on the BW limit
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-5
RIGOL
3. Probe Attenuation Setting
The oscilloscope allows selecting the attenuation factor for the probe. The
attenuation factor changes the vertical scaling of the oscilloscope so that the
measurement results reflect the actual voltage levels at the probe tip.
To change (or check) the probe attenuation setting, press the CH1 or CH2 button
(according to which channel in using). Toggle the Probe soft button to match the
attenuation factor of the probe. This setting remains in effect until changed again.
Figure 2-8 shows an example for using a 1000:1 probe and its attenuation factor.
Probe
attenuation
Vertical volt/div.
Figure 2- 8
Use the 1000:1 attenuation
Table 2- 3
2-6
Probe setting
Probe attenuation factors
Corresponding settings
1:1
1X
5:1
5X
10:1
10X
50:1
50X
100:1
100X
500:1
500X
1000:1
1000X
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
4. Digital Filter settings
DS1000E, DS1000D series offer 4 types of digital filters (Low Pass Filter, High Pass
Filter, Band Pass Filter and Band Reject Filter). In order to achieve a good filter effect,
you can filter the special waveform frequency by setting up the range of filter
bandwidth. Press CH1→Digital filter, display the digital filter menu. Turn ( ) knob
to set high and low limit of frequency.
Turn off digital filter
Figure 2- 9
The waveform when turning off digital filter
Turn on digital filter
Mark of digital filter
Figure 2- 10
The waveform when turning on digital filter
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-7
RIGOL
Figure 2- 11
Table 2- 4 The Filter menu
Menu
Digital Filter
Settings
ON
OFF
Lower limit
Turn on the digital filter
Turn off the digital filter
Setup
Setup
Setup
Setup
Filter Type
Upper limit
Comments
<frequency>
<frequency>
as
as
as
as
LPF (Low Pass Filter)
HPF (High Pass Filter)
BPF (Band Pass Filter)
BRF (Band Reject Filter)
Turn (
) knob to set high limit
Turn (
) knob to set low limit
Back to higher level menu (The
followings are the same,)
5. Volts/Div settings
The Volts/Div control has Coarse or Fine configuration. The Vertical Sensitivity is
2mV/div - 10V/div. Coarse: It is the default setting of Volts/Div in a 1-2-5-step
sequence from 2mV/div, 5mV/div, 10mV/div, 20mV/div……10V/div. Fine: This
setting changes the vertical scale to small steps between the coarse settings. It will
be helpful to adjust the waveform in smooth steps.
Fine adjustment
Fine adjustment data
2-8
Figure 2- 12 Fine configurations
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Coarse/Fine Shortcut key:
To change Coarse/Fine setting, not only by menu but also by pressing vertical
knob
6. To invert a waveform
Invert turns the displayed waveform 180 degrees, as respect to the ground level.
When the oscilloscope is triggered on the inverted signal, the trigger is also inverted.
Figure 2- 13 and Figure 2- 14 show the changes after inversion.
Invert OFF
Figure 2- 13 The waveform before inversion
Invert ON
Figure 2- 14 The waveform after inversion
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-9
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Math Functions
The mathematic functions include “Add”, “Subtract”, “Multiply” and “FFT” for
Channel 1 and Channel 2. The mathematic result can be measured by grid and
cursor. Press MATH button, the system go into the MATH interface as follows:
MATH scale
Figure 2- 15
The Math function
Figure 2- 16
Table 2- 5 The Math menu
Menu
Operation
Source A
Source B
Invert
2-10
Settings
A+B
A-B
A× B
FFT
CH1
CH2
CH1
CH2
ON
OFF
Comments
Add source A and source B
Subtract source B from source A
Multiply source B by source A
Fast Fourier Transform
Define CH1 or CH2 as source A
Define CH1 or CH2 as source B
Invert the MATH waveform.
Restore to original waveform display.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
1. Using the FFT
The FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) process converts a time-domain signal into its
frequency components mathematically. The horizontal axis shows the frequency and
the vertical axis shows the amplitude dBVrms or Vrms. FFT function can not only to
help you find crossfire problem and analog waveform distortion caused by nonlinear
amplifier, but also can adjust the analog filter.
FFT waveforms are useful in the following applications:



Measuring harmonic content and distortion in systems
Characterizing noise in DC power supplies
Analyzing vibration
Press MATH→Operate→FFT, to display FFT menu.
Figure 2- 17
Table 2- 6 The FFT menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Operate
A+B
A-B
AxB
FFT
Add source A to source B
Subtract source B from source A
Multiply source B by source A
Fast Fourier Transform
Source
CH1
CH2
Define CH1 or CH2 as FFT source
Window
Rectangle
Hanning
Hamming
Blackman
Select window for FFT
Display
Split
Full screen
Display FFT waveform on half screen
Scale
Vrms
dBVrms
Set “Vrms ” as vertical unit
Set “dBVrms ” as vertical unit
Display FFT waveform on full screen
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-11
RIGOL
Key points for FFT
Signals that have a DC component or offset can cause incorrect FFT waveform
component magnitude values. To minimize the DC component, choose AC
Coupling on the source signal.
To reduce random noise and aliases components in repetitive or single-shot
events, set the oscilloscope acquisition mode to average.
To display FFT waveforms with a large dynamic range, use the dBVrms scale. The
dBVrms scale displays component magnitudes using a log scale.
2. Selecting an FFT Window
The oscilloscopes provide four FFT windows. Each window is a trade-off between
frequency resolution and amplitude accuracy. What you want to measure and your
source signals characteristics help determine which window to use. Use the
following guidelines to select the best window.
Table 2- 7 FFT Windows
Window
Rectangle
Hanning
Hamming
Blackman
2-12
Features
Best for measuring
Best frequency
Resolution and worst
magnitude resolution.
This is essentially the
same as no window.
Transients or bursts, the signal
levels before and after the event
are nearly equal.
Equal-amplitude sine waves with
fixed frequencies.
Broadband random noise with a
relatively slow varying spectrum.
Better frequency,
poorer magnitude
accuracy than
Rectangular.
Hamming has slightly
better frequency
resolution than
Hanning.
Sine, periodic, and narrow-band
random noise.
Transients or bursts where the
signal levels before and after the
events are significantly different.
Best magnitude, worst
frequency resolution.
Single frequency waveforms, to
Find higher order harmonics.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Key points:
FFT Resolution: the quotient between sampling rate and number of FFT
points. With a fixed FFT points, the lower sampling rate results in better
resolution.
Nyquist Frequency
The highest frequency that any real-time digitizing oscilloscope can acquire
without aliasing. It’s normally half of the sample rate. This frequency is called
the Nyquist frequency. Frequency above the Nyquist frequency will be under
sampled, causing a situation known as aliasing.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-13
RIGOL
REF Function
Reference Waveforms are saved waveforms to be selected for display. The reference
function will be available after saving the selected waveform to non-volatile memory.
Press REF button to display reference waveform menu.
Figure 2- 18 Table 2- 8 REF Menu when using internal memory
Menu
Source
Location
Settings
Comments
CH1
Select channel1 as REF channel
CH2
Select channel2 as REF channel
MATH/FFT
Select MATH/FFT as REF channel
LA
Select LA as REF channel (DS1000D series)
Internal
External
Select memory location in scope
Select memory location out scope
Save
Save REF waveform
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu(see table 2-10)
Reset
Reset REF waveform
Figure 2- 19 Table 2- 9 REF Menu when using external memory
Menu
Source
Location
2-14
Settings
Comments
CH1
Select channel1 as REF channel
CH2
Select channel2 as REF channel
MATH/FFT
Select Math/FFT as REF channel
LA
Select LA as REF channel (DS1000D series)
Internal
External
Select internal memory location
Select external memory location
Save
Save REF waveform to outer memory
location
Import
Go to import menu(see table 2-14)
Reset
Reset REF waveform
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
1. Import and Export
Press REF →Imp./Exp. and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 20
Table 2- 10 The Imp. /Exp. menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Explorer
Path
Directory
File
Switch to Path, directory or file
Export
Export the REF file from internal
memory to export memory (see
table 2-11)
Import
Import the REF file to internal
memory
Delete
File
Delete file
Figure 2- 21
Import /export interface
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-15
RIGOL
2. Export
Press REF→Imp./Exp.→Export and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 22
Table 2- 11 The Export menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Move the cursor up
Move the cursor down
To delete chosen letter
Save
Execute the operation
Figure 2- 23
Export interface
2-16
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
3. Save
Press REF→Save and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 24
Table 2- 12 The Save Menu
Menu
Explorer
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory
and File
New File
(Folder)
Set up new file in Path and File.
Set up new folder in directory.
Delete
File(Folder)
Delete file(Folder)
Figure 2- 25
Save interface
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-17
RIGOL
New File (or New Folder)
Press REF→Save→New File (or New Folder) and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 26
Table 2- 13 The New File menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Move the cursor up
Move the cursor down
To delete chosen letter
Save
Execute the operation
File name
key in
Switch Chinese/English
Switch Capital on/off
Figure 2- 27
Chinese Input interface
2-18
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
4. Import
Press REF→Import and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 28
Table 2- 14 The Import menu
Menu
Explorer
Import
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File
Import the REF file into internal
memory
Figure 2- 29
Import interface
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-19
RIGOL
5. Displaying a Reference Waveform
Figure 2- 30
Reference waveform display
1. Push REF button to show the reference waveform menu.
2. Press soft button No.1 to select the reference channel: CH1, CH2, MATH, FFT or
LA (DS1000D series).
3. Turn vertical
to a suitable position.
and vertical
to adjust the REF waveform
4. Press soft button No.2 to select the save location of REF waveform.
5. Press soft button No.3 to save the waveform as REF.
NOTE: The reference function is not available in X-Y mode.
2-20
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Set up LA Channel (Only for DS1000D Series)
16 digital channels logical analyzer are provided for DS1000D series, which can
achieve mixed-signal measure in line with the dual analog channels. Single channel
or group channels can be chosen ON or OFF, and also can set the size of waveform.
Change display location of digital channel on screen and select threshold style.
Press LA function button and go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 31
Table 2- 15
Menu
Settings
Comments
D7-D0
Set up channel group D7-D0 (see table
2-16)
D15-D8
set up channel group D15-D8 (see 2-17)
Current
Threshold
User
1.
The LA menu
<D15-D0>
TTL
CMOS
ECL
User
<Threshold
Voltage>
Select channel by turning (
) knob
Select mode of whole digital channels.
The threshold voltage can set by user
when in user-defined style.
Set threshold voltage by turning (
knob.
)
Display and re-line up the digital channels
(1) Press LA→D7-D0 or D15-D8 and go to the group channel setting menu. Turn on
or turn off the display of the digital channels.
(2) Press LA→current and choose digital channel by turning (
) knob. The chosen
channel will display in red color.
(3) Turn vertical
knob to re-position the channel in screen.
The figure of menu shows as follow.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-21
RIGOL
Select
running
channel
Running
channel
Figure 2- 32 Turn on the digital channel
2.
Set threshold mode of digital channels
Press LA→Threshold, select logic standard or User to define your own threshold
voltage. The figure of menu shows as follow.
Setup threshold
Setup data of
threshold by user
Figure 2- 33 Set the threshold
Threshold explanation
LOGIC STANDARD
TTL
THRESHOULD VLOTAGE 1.4V
2-22
CMOS
2.5V
ECL
-1.3V
USER
-8V to 8V
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Set up Channel Group
Press LA→D7-D0 or D15-D8; Turn on/off the channel single, or in a group. Also
you can change the size of waveforms in 8 bits as a group. See table 2-16 and 2-17.
Figure 2- 34
Table 2- 16 The Digital Channel menu (Page 1)
Menu
Figure 2- 35
Settings
Comments
channel
D7-D0
Turn on or off single channel of D7-D0
D7-D0
Turn on
Turn off
Turn on or off all 8 channels together
Size
Display 8 channels in a single screen
Display 16 channels in a single screen
Reset
Reset waveform of channel D7-D0
Table 2- 17 The Digital Channel menu (Page 2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
channel
D15-D8
Turn on or off single channel of D15-D8
D15-D8
Turn on
Turn off
Turn on or off 8 channels together
Size
Display 8 channels in a single screen
Display 16 channels in a single screen
Reset
Reset waveform of channel D15-D8
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-23
RIGOL
1.
Turn on or off a digital channel
Press LA→D7-D0→Channel, and choose the wanted channel by turning (
) knob.
Press No. 1 soft button or push down ( ) knob to turn on /off the channel. When
the channel is on, we can see the mark ( ). When the channel is turned off; the
mark will display as ( ).
As figure 2-36 shows.
On-off
channels
Channel
list
and status of
on-off
Figure 2- 36
Turn on or off the digital channel
2.
Force turn on or off all digital channels
Press LA→D7-D0→Turn On / Turn Off (or D15-D8 →Turn On / Turn Off) will force
to turn all the channels on/off. If you want to turn on/off any single channel instead,
select the Channel by turning ( ) knob, then press No. 1 soft button or ( ) knob.
3.
Set up the viewing size of digital channels
Press LA→D7-D0→Size, or D15-D8→Size, to select wave size of logic channels.
Select
to view 8 channels on the screen: Select
channels on the screen.
4.
to view all of the 16
Reset the digital channels display
Press LA→D7-D0→Reset, or D15-D8→Reset to reset the display of digital channels.
2-24
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Turn on/off Channels
The CH1, CH2, Ext. Trigger and LA (DS1000D series) channels are input channels.
All functionalities applied will be based on operating the instrument with channels.
So MATH and REF can be regarded as relatively isolated channels.
To turn on/off any one of the channels, press the corresponding button on the front
panel. The key backlight indicates the channel is currently active. Press the button
again to turn the channel off. Or when channel is currently selected, press OFF will
turn the channel off as well, and the key backlight also goes off.
The channel status symbol is displayed at the lower-left of the screen, which can
help users to judge the channel status quickly.
Table 2- 18 Status of the channels
Channel Mode
Settings
Status Indicator
Channel 1 (CH1)
ON
Selected
OFF
CH1 (yellow letter)
CH1 (black letter)
No indicator
Channel 2 (CH2)
ON
Selected
OFF
CH2 ( blue letter)
CH2 (black letter)
No indicator
MATH
ON
Selected
OFF
Math (purple letter)
Math (black letter)
No indicator
NOTE: Pressing LA will turn all the digital channels on/off.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-25
RIGOL
Set up Vertical Position and Scale
You can use the vertical controls to display waveforms, adjust vertical
and
, and set input parameters.
1.
Using vertical
knob.
The vertical
control changes the position of signal waveforms in
all channels (including MATH and REF). The resolution changes according to the
vertical level set. Pressing this knob will clear the channel offset to zero. (The
function is available for DS1000D series, but not includes digital channel.)
2.
Using vertical
knob.
The vertical
can change the vertical sensitivity of waveforms in all
channels (including MATH and REF, excluding LA). If the Volts/Div is set to
“Coarse”, the waveform scales in a 1-2-5 step sequence from 2 mV to 5 V. If the
Volts/Div is set to “Fine”, it scales to small steps between the coarse settings.
3. Channels can be adjusted by the vertical
they are selected.
and
only when
4. During the vertical position, a position message is displayed on the left bottom
of the screen, in the same color as the corresponding channel. The unit is V
(Volts).
2-26
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Set up the Horizontal System
The oscilloscope shows the time per division in the scale readout. Since all active
waveforms use the same time base, the oscilloscope only displays one value for all
the active channels, except when using Delayed Scan, or Alternate Trigger.
The horizontal controls can change the horizontal scale and position of waveforms.
The horizontal center of the screen is the time reference for waveforms. Changing
the horizontal scale causes the waveform to expand or contract about the screen
center.
Horizontal position changes the displayed waveform position, relative to the trigger
point. Press the horizontal MENU button to display the horizontal menu as follows.
Figure 2- 37
Table 2- 19 The Horizontal menu
Menu
Delayed
Time Base
Settings
Comments
ON
OFF
Turn on Delayed Scan mode
Turn off the Delayed Scan mode
Y-T
Show the relative relation between
vertical voltage and horizontal
time.
Show CH1 value at X axis; CH2
value at Y axis.
In Roll Mode, the waveform display
updates from right to left.
X-Y
Roll
Sa Rate
Show system sample rate
Trig-offset
Reset
Adjust to the center
The parameter status symbol will be displayed on the screen during horizontal
system settings, which can help users to judge the channel status quickly.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-27
RIGOL
① ②
③
④
⑤
Figure 2- 38
Status bar and mark for Horizontal control
Marks Indicator:
① The position of current waveform window in the memory
② The trigger position in the memory.
③ The trigger position in the current waveform windows.
④ The horizontal time base (main time base).
⑤ The trigger’s horizontal offset according to the center of the window.
2-28
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Key Points
Y-T: The conventional oscilloscope display format. It shows the voltage of a
waveform record (on the vertical axis) as it varies over time (on the horizontal
axis).
X-Y: XY format displays channel 1 in the horizontal axis and channel 2 in the
vertical axis.
Roll Mode: In this mode, the waveform display rolls from right to left. No
trigger or horizontal offset control of waveforms is available during Roll Mode,
and it’s only available when set to 500 ms/div or slower.
Slow Scan Mode: This mode is available when the horizontal time base is set
to 50ms/div or slower. In this mode, the oscilloscope acquires sufficient data for
the left part to the trigger point, then wait for trigger, when trigger occurs, it
continues to draw the rest part from the trigger point to the end of the right
side. When choosing this mode to view low frequency signals, it is recommended
that the channel coupling be set as DC.
Time/Div: Horizontal scale. The Time/Div control expands or compresses the
waveform.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-29
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Delayed Scan
The Delayed Scan is a magnified portion of the main waveform window. Use
Delayed Scan to locate and horizontally expand part of the main waveform window
for a more detailed (higher horizontal resolution) analysis of signal. The Delayed
Scan time base setting cannot be set slower than the Main time base setting.
Press horizontal MENU→Delayed→ON or press horizontal
knob to enter
Delayed Scan mode.
Waveform to be horizontally expanded
Time base of
Delayed Scan
Expanded waveform in horizontal
Main timebase
Figure 2- 39
Delayed Scan window
The screen splits into two parts.
The upper half displays the main waveform window and the lower half displays an
expanded portion of the main waveform window. This expanded portion of the main
window is called the Delayed Scan window. Two blocks shaded at the upper half; the
un-shaded portion is expanded in the lower half. The horizontal
and
knobs control the size and position of the Delayed Scan. The value at
bottom of the screen is the main time base and the value on the center bottom
means the Delayed Scan time.
2-30
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL

Use the horizontal
portion.
knob to change the position of the expanded



Use the horizontal
knob to adjust the Delayed Scan resolution.
To change the main time base, turn off the Delayed Scan mode.
Since both the main and Delayed Scan are displayed; there are half as many
vertical divisions so the vertical scaling is doubled. Notice the changes in the
status bar.
Delayed Scan Shortcut Key:
Delayed Scan function can be activated not only by menu but also by pressing
horizontal
knob.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-31
RIGOL
X-Y Format
This format is useful for studying phase relationships between two signals. Channel
1 in the horizontal axis(X) and channel 2 in the vertical axis(Y), the oscilloscope uses
a none-trigger acquisition mode, data is displayed as dots.
Press horizontal MENU→Time Base→X-Y to enter the X-Y mode.
Figure 2- 40
X-Y display format
NOTE: In Y-T format, all sample rates are available. But in X-Y format, 100 MSa/s
is not available. In common, deceasing the sample rate can display the wavefrom
better.
The following modes or functions will not work in X-Y format.








2-32
LA Function (DS1000D series)
Automatic Measurements
Cursor Measurements
REF and MATH Operations
Delayed Scan Mode
Vector Display Mode
Horizontal
knob
Trigger Controls
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
The Horizontal Knobs
:
The horizontal
knob adjusts the horizontal position of all channels
(including Math) waveforms. The resolution of this control varies with the time base.
Pressing this button clears trigger offset and moves the trigger point to the
horizontal center of the screen.
:
Use
to select the horizontal time/div (scale factor) for the main or the
time base of Delayed Scan. When Delayed Scan is enabled, it changes the width of
the window zone by changing the Delayed Scan time base.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-33
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To Set up the Trigger System
The trigger determines when the oscilloscope starts to acquire data and display a
waveform. When a trigger is set up properly, it can convert unstable displays or
blank screens into meaningful waveforms.
When the oscilloscope starts to acquire a waveform, it collects enough data so that it
can draw the waveform to the left of the trigger point. The oscilloscope continues to
acquire data while waiting for the trigger condition to occur. After it detects a trigger,
the oscilloscope continues to acquire enough data so that it can draw the waveform
to the right of the trigger point.
The trigger control area on the front panel includes a knob and three buttons:
:
50%:
FORCE:
MENU:
The knob that set the trigger level; press the knob and the level will
reset to zero.
The instant execute button setting the trigger level to the vertical
midpoint between the peaks of the trigger signal
Force to create a trigger signal and the function is mainly used in
Normal and Single mode
The button that activates the trigger controls menu.
Press the Trigger MENU key to enter the trigger system setting interface.
Figure 2- 41
Trigger controls interface
2-34
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Trigger Modes
The oscilloscope provides seven trigger modes: Edge, Pulse Width, Slope, Video,
Alternate, Pattern (only for DS1000D series) and Duration trigger (only for DS1000D
series).
Edge: An edge trigger occurs when the trigger input passes through a specified
voltage level at the specified slope direction.
Pulse Width: Use this trigger type to catch pulses with certain pulse width.
Slope: The oscilloscope begins to trigger according to the signal rising or falling
speed.
Video: Use video trigger on fields or lines for standard video signals.
Alternate: Trigger on non-synchronized signals of the dual channels.
Pattern: To Trigger through detecting a specified code.
Duration: To trigger within a specified time on the conditions of a specified code.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-35
RIGOL
Edge Trigger
Edge Trigger Mode; An edge trigger determines whether the oscilloscope finds
the trigger point on the rising or the falling edge of a signal. Select Edge trigger
Mode to trigger on Rising edge, falling edge or rising & falling edge.
Press Trigger MENU→Mode→Edge to display the edge trigger menu as follows.
Figure 2- 42
Table 2- 20 The Edge Trigger Menu
Menu
Source
Slope
Sweep
Set up
2-36
Settings
Comments
CH1
CH2
EXT
AC Line
D15-D0
Select CH1 as trigger signal
Select CH2 as trigger signal
Select EXT TRIG as trigger signal
Select power line as trigger signal
Select a digital channel in D15-D0 as
trigger source (for DS1000D series)
Rising
Falling
Rising &
Falling
Trigger on rising edge
Trigger on falling edge
Trigger on both ring & falling edge
Auto
Acquire waveform even no trigger
occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one
waveform then stop
Normal
Single
To go to Set Up menu, see table 2-38
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Pulse Width Trigger
Pulse Width Trigger Mode: Pulse trigger occurs according to the width of pulse.
The abnormal signals can be detected through setting up the pulse width condition.
Press Trigger MENU→Mode→Pulse to display the pulse width trigger menu as
follows.
Figure 2- 43
Table 2- 21 The Pulse Width Trigger Menu (page 1/2)
Menu
Source
When
Settings
Settings
CH1
CH2
EXT
D15-D0
(+Pulse width
less than)
(+Pulse width
more than)
(+Pulse width
equal to)
(-Pulse width
less than)
(-Pulse width
more than)
(-Pulse width
equal to)
<Width>
Comments
Selects CH1 as trigger signal
Select CH2 as trigger signal
Select EXT TRIG as trigger signal
Select a digital channel in
D15-D0 as trigger source( Only
for DS1000D series)
To select pulse condition
Set required pulse width
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-37
RIGOL
Figure 2- 44
Table 2- 22 The Pulse Width Trigger Menu (page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Auto
Sweep
Set Up
Normal
Single
Comments
Acquire waveform even no trigger
occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one
waveform and then stop
To go to Set Up menu, see table 2-38
NOTE: The Pulse width adjust range is 20ns ~ 10s. When the condition is met, it will
trigger and acquire the waveform.
2-38
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Slope Trigger
Slop Trigger Mode: Slope trigger sets the oscilloscope as the positive/negative
slope trigger within the specified time. Press Trigger MENU →Mode→Slope to
display the slope trigger menu as follows.
Figure 2- 45
Table 2- 23 The Slope Trigger Menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
CH1
Source
CH2
EXT
Comments
Set channel 1 as trigger source
Set channel 2 as trigger source
Set EXT. channel as trigger source
When
To select the slope condition
Time[1]
To set slope time
[1]
NOTE :
Slope time can be set from 20ns to 10s. When a signal meets the trigger condition,
The oscilloscope will execute the acquisition.
Figure 2- 46
Table 2- 24 The Slope Trigger Menu (Page2/2)
Menu
Settings
Select the level that can be adjusted
Vertical[2]
by
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
Comments
Acquire waveform even when no
trigger condition is met.
Acquire waveform when trigger
condition is met.
When trigger condition is met, acquire
one waveform and then stop
To go to set up menu. See table 2-38
NOTE[2]:
You can adjust LEVEL A/ LEVEL B or both simultaneous by turning the
knob.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-39
RIGOL
Video Trigger
Video Trigger Mode: Video trigger is used to capture the complicated waveforms
of television. The trigger circuitry detects the vertical and horizontal interval of the
waveform and produces triggers based on the video trigger settings you have
selected. Choose video trigger to trigger on fields or lines of NTSC, PAL/SECAM
standard video signals. Trigger coupling preset to DC.
Figure 2- 47
Table 2- 25 The Video Trigger Menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
CH1
CH2
EXT
Source
Selects CH1 as trigger source
Select CH2 as trigger source
Select EXT TRIG as trigger source
positive
Triggers on positive going sync
pulses
negative
Triggers on negative going sync
pulses
Polarity
Sync
Figure 2- 48
All Lines
Line Num
Trigger on all lines
Trigger on an specified line
Odd field
Even field
Select to trigger on odd field
Select to trigger on even field
Table 2- 26 The Video Trigger menu (Page 2/2, Sync is line)
Menu
Line Num[1]
Standard
Settings
< Line sync >
PAL/SECM
NTSC
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
2-40
Comments
Comments
Select the specified line number
for sync
Select Video standard
Acquire waveform even no trigger
occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger
occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one
waveform and then stop
To go to set up menu, see table
2-39
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
NOTE[1]: The line number ranges can be set from 1 to 525 under NTSC standard,
and from 1 to 625 under PAL/SECAM.
Figure 2- 49
Table 2- 27 The Video Menu (When the Sync is set as All lines, Odd
field and Even field)
Menu
Settings
Standard
PAL/SECAM
NTSC
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
Comments
Select Video standard
Acquire waveform even no trigger
occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger
occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one
waveform and then stop
To go to set up menu, see table 2-39
Key points
Sync Pulses: When positive polarity is selected, the trigger always occurs on
negative-going sync pulses. If the video signal has positive-going sync pulses,
use the negative polarity selection.
Figure 2- 50
Video Trigger: Line Synchronization
Figure 2- 51
Video Trigger: Field Synchronization
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-41
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Alternate Trigger
Alternate Trigger Mode: When alternate trigger is on, the trigger sources come
from two vertical channels. This mode can be used to observe two non-related
signals. You can choose two different trigger modes for the two vertical channels.
The options are as follows: Edge, Pulse, Slope and video. The information of the
trigger level of the two channels will be displayed on the upper-right of the screen.
Press Trigger MENU→Mode→Alternate to display the alternate trigger menu as
follows.
Figure 2- 52
Table 2- 28 The Alternate menu (Trigger Type: Edge)
Menu
Select
Type
Settings
CH1
Set trigger mode for Channel 1
Set trigger mode for Channel 2
CH2
Set Edge Trigger as the trigger
type
Edge
(Rising)
(Falling)
Slope
Trigger on rising edge
Trigger on falling edge
To go to set up menu. See table
2-38
Set Up
Figure 2- 53
Comments
Table 2- 29 (Trigger Type: Pulse, Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
Set trigger
Channel 1
Set trigger
Channel 2
CH1
Select
CH2
Type
Comments
mode
for
mode
for
Set Pulse Trigger for the
channel
Pulse
(+Pulse width less than)
(+Pulse width more than)
When
(+Pulse width equal to)
(-Pulse width less than)
To select pulse condition
(-Pulse width more than)
(-Pulse width equal to)
2-42
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 54
Table 2- 30 The Alternate menu (Trigger Type: Pulse, Page 2/2)
Menu
Setting
Settings
<pulse width>
Set Up
Figure 2- 55
Set the width of the pulse
To go to set up menu. See table 2-38
Table 2- 31 The Alternate menu (Trigger Type: Slope, Page 1/2)
Menu
Select
Type
Settings
CH1
CH2
Slope
When
Figure 2- 56
Comments
Comments
Set trigger mode for Channel 1
Set trigger mode for Channel 2
Set Slope Trigger for the vertical
channel
Set trigger condition
Table 2- 32 The Alternate menu (Trigger Type: Slope Page 2/2)
Menu
Time
Vertical
Set Up
Settings
<Time Set >
Comments
Set slope time
Select the level to be adjusted by
To go to set up menu. See table
2-38
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-43
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Figure 2- 57
Table 2- 33 The Alternate menu (Trigger Type: Video, Page 1/2)
Menu
CH1
Select
Type
Polarity
Figure 2- 58
Comments
CH2
Set trigger mode for Channel 1
Set trigger mode for Channel 2
Video
Video Trigger for the channel
positive
negative
Triggers on positive going sync pulses
Triggers on negative going sync pulses
Table 2- 34 The Alternate menu (Video, Line Num Page 2/2)
Menu
Sync
Line Num
Standard
Set Up
2-44
Settings
Settings
Comments
ALL lines
Line Num
Trigger on all lines
Trigger on an specified line
Odd field
Even field
Select to trigger on odd field or even
field
<Lines Set >
PAL/SECM
NTSC
Select the specified line number for sync
Select Video standard
To go to set up menu, see table 2-39
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 59
Table 2- 35 The Alternate menu (Trigger Mode: Video, All Lines, Odd
Field or Even Filed, Page 2/2)
Menu
Sync
Standard
Set Up
Settings
Comments
ALL lines
Line Num
Trigger on all lines
Trigger on an specified line
Odd field
Even field
Select to trigger on odd field or even
field
PAL/SECM
NTSC
Select Video standard
To go to set up menu, see table 2-39
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-45
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Pattern Trigger (Only for DS1000D Series)
Pattern Trigger Mode: Pattern trigger identifies trigger terms by checking
appointed code. The code is logical relationship of all channels, with high (H), low (L)
and ignore(X). Press Trigger MENU→Mode→Pattern to display the pattern trigger
menu as follows.
Figure 2- 60
Table 2- 36 The Pattern Trigger Menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Select
D15-D0
Choose digital channel for Pattern trigger
Code
H
L
X
High
Low
Ignore
Rising Edge
Falling Edge
Auto
Normal
Single
Acquire waveform even no trigger occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred
When trigger occurs, acquire one waveform
and then stop
Sweep
Set Up
To go to set up menu, see table 2-40
Key Points:
1. H (High): Logic high: voltage is higher than threshold setting.
2. L (Low): Logic low: voltage is lower than threshold setting.
3. X (Ignore): Don’t care. If all the channels are ignored, the oscilloscope won’t
be triggered.
4. Rising Edge (
) or Falling Edge (
): Set the code as an edge of the
channel, rising edge or falling edge. When the edge is appointed, if code
settings of other channels are all true, the oscilloscope will be triggered on the
appointed edge. If no edge is appointed, the oscilloscope will be triggered on
the last edge whose code is true.
Edge of appointed code
You can only appoint one code as edge. If you have appointed an edge, then
appointed another edge in a different channel, and the first appointed edge will
be set to X (Ignore).
2-46
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Duration Trigger (Only for DS1000D Series)
Duration Trigger Mode: Trigger in appointed time when code terms are satisfied.
Press Trigger MENU→Mode→Duration to display the duration trigger menu as
follows.
Figure 2- 61
Table 2- 37 The Duration Trigger Menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Figure 2- 62
Settings
Comments
Select
D15-D0
Choose digital channel for Duration Trigger
Code
H
L
X
High
Low
Ignore
Qualifier
<
>
=
Set time limit terms
Table 2- 38 The Duration Trigger Menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Time
Sweep
Set Up
Settings
<Time
Setting>
Auto
Normal
Single
Comments
Set duration and limit symbol time
Acquire waveform even no trigger occurred
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred
When trigger occurs, acquire one waveform
and then stop
To go to set up menu, see table 2-40
Key Points:
1. H (High): Logic high: voltage is higher than threshold setting.
2. L (Low): Logic low: voltage is lower than threshold setting.
3. X (Ignore): Don’t care. If all the channels are ignored, the oscilloscope won’t
be triggered.
4. Qualifier: A timer begins when code terms are satisfied. Duration trigger
occurred in the time set by the qualifier.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-47
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Trigger Setup
Set up different trigger settings according to different trigger modes. When choosing
source as D15-D0 in the mode of Edge and Pulse (DS1000D series), only Holdoff is
adjustable. When source is non-digital channel and in slope trigger, only trigger
coupling, trigger sensitivity and Holdoff can be set. For video trigger, Sensitivity and
Holdoff can be set. For the pattern trigger and the duration trigger (DS1000D series),
only Holdoff is adjustable.
Figure 2- 63 Table 2- 39 The Trigger Set Up Menu (Settings for trigger coupling,
trigger sensitivity and holdoff)
Menu
Coupling
Sensitivity
Holdoff
Holdoff
Figure 2- 64
DC
AC
HF Reject
LF Reject
<Sensitivity Setting>
<Holdoff Setting>
Reset
Comments
Allow all signals pass
Block DC signals
Reject high frequency signals
Reject DC and low frequency
signals
Set trigger sensitivity, the
range is from 0.1div to 1div
Set time slot before another
trigger event, the range is
from 500ns to 1.5s
Reset Holdoff time to 500ns
Table 2- 40 The Trigger Set Up Menu (Settings for sensitivity and
holdoff)
Menu
Sensitivity
Holdoff
Holdoff
2-48
Settings
Settings
<Sensitivity Setting>
<Holdoff Setting>
Reset
Comments
Set trigger sensitivity
Set time slot before
another trigger event
Reset Holdoff
500ns
time
to
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 65
Table 2- 41 The Trigger Set Up Menu (Settings only for holdoff)
Menu
Holdoff
Holdoff
Settings
Comments
<Holdoff Setting>
Set time slot before another
trigger event
Reset
Reset Holdoff time to 500ns
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-49
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Trigger Holdoff
Trigger Holdoff can stabilize complex waveform, such as the pulse range. Holdoff
time is the oscilloscope’s waiting period before starting a new trigger. During Holdoff,
oscilloscope will not trigger until Holdoff ends. For instance: To trigger on the first
pulse on a group of them, users can set the holdoff time to Pulse cluster width.
Trigger site
Trigger holdoff
Time of holdoff
Figure 2- 66 Trigger Holdoff display
To use trigger Holdoff:
1.
2.
3.
4.
2-50
Press the trigger MENU key to display Trigger Menu.
Press Set Up key to display trigger set up menu.
Turn the multi function knob ( ) to change Holdoff time until waveform is
stable.
Press Reset can reset the Holdoff time to its default value.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Trigger Key points
1. Trigger Source: Trigger can occur from several sources: Input channels (CH1
and CH2), AC Line, Ext.

CH1 or CH2: It is the most commonly used trigger source. The channel works
when selected as a trigger source whatever displayed or not.
 Ext Trig: The instrument can be triggered from a third source while acquiring
data from CH1 and CH2. For example, to trigger from an external clock or with
a signal from another part of the test circuit. The Ext trigger sources use an
external trigger signal connected to the EXT TRIG connector. Ext uses the signal
directly; it has a trigger level range of -1.2V to +1.2V.

AC Line: AC power can be used to display signals related to the power line
frequency, such as lighting equipment and power supply devices. The
oscilloscope gets triggered on its AC power input; an AC trigger signal is not
required. When AC Line is selected as trigger source, the oscilloscope
automatically set coupling to DC, set trigger level to 0V.
2. Sweep Mode: The sweep mode determines how the oscilloscope behaves in
the absence of a trigger event. The oscilloscope provides three trigger modes:
Auto, Normal, and Single.

Auto: This sweep mode allows the oscilloscope to acquire waveforms even
when it does not detect a trigger condition. If no trigger condition occurs while
the oscilloscope is waiting for a specific period (as determined by the time-base
setting), it will force itself to trigger.
When forcing invalid triggers, the oscilloscope cannot synchronize the
waveform, and the waveform seems to roll across the display. If valid triggers
occur, the display becomes stable on the screen.
Any factor results in the un-stability of waveforms can be detected by Auto
Trigger, such as the output of Power supply.
NOTE: When horizontal control is set under 50 ms/div, Auto mode allows the
oscilloscope not to capture trigger signal.

Normal: The Normal mode allows the oscilloscope to acquire a waveform only
when it is triggered. If no trigger occurs, the oscilloscope keeps waiting, and the
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-51
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previous waveform, if any, will remain on the display.
Single: In Single mode, after pressing the RUN/STOP key, the oscilloscope
waits for trigger. While the trigger occurs, the oscilloscope acquires one
waveform then stop.

3. Coupling: Trigger coupling determines which signal component passing to the
trigger circuit. Coupling types include AC, DC, LF Reject and HF Reject.
AC: AC coupling blocks DC components and attenuates the signal below 10Hz.
DC: DC coupling passes both AC and DC components.
LF Reject: LF Reject coupling blocks DC component, and attenuates all
signal with a frequency lower than 8 kHz.
HF Reject: HF Reject coupling attenuates all signals with a frequency higher
than 150 kHz.




4. Pre-trigger/delayed trigger: The data collected before and after trigger.
The trigger position is typically set at the horizontal center of the screen. In the
full-screen display the 6div data of pre-trigger and delayed trigger can be
surveyed. More data of pre-trigger and 1s delayed trigger can be surveyed by
adjusting the horizontal
knob.
This feature is very useful to study the events that led up to the trigger point.
Everything to the right of the trigger point is called post-trigger information. The
delay range (pre-trigger and post-trigger information) depends on the sweep
speed selected.
5.
2-52
Adjustable trigger sensitivity: To avoid the influence of noise from the
physical world, and get the stable trigger, the trigger circuit has adopted
Stickiness. In DS1000E, DS1000D series, the stickiness is adjustable from
0.1div-1.0div, which means when it sets to 1.0div, the trigger circuit will not
affect any signal with peak-peak amplitude less than 1.0div, so as to avoid the
influence of the noise.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Set up the Sampling System
Acquire shows the menu button for the acquire system on the front panel.
Acquire setup button
Figure 2- 67
Acquire setup button
Press the Acquire button, the interface menu as follows:
Figure 2- 68
Table 2- 42 The Acquire menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Acquisition
Normal
Average
Peak Detect
Normal Acquisition mode
Average Acquisition mode
Peak Detect Acquisition mode
Averages[1]
2 to 256
Step by 2 times the power of N.
Set average times from 2 to 256
Sampling
Real-Time
Equ-Time
Real-time sampling mode
Equivalent sampling mode
Mem Depth
Long Mem
Normal
Set up memory as 512kpts or 1Mpts
Set up memory as 8kpts or 16kpts
Sinx/x[2]
ON
OFF
Set the insert mode to sinx/x
Set the insert mode to line
NOTE[1]: This function is used in “Average Acquisition”;
NOTE [2]: This function is used in “Real Time” sampling.
The waveform display will be different when selecting different acquisition and
sampling:
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-53
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



Select Real-time acquisition to observe the single-shot or pulse signals.
Select Equ-Time to observe high frequency repetitive signals.
To reduce the displayed random noise, select Average Acquisition. And this
mode would make the screen refresh slower.
To Avoid signal aliasing, select Peak Detect Acquisition.
The waveform displayed on the screen will change in conjunction with the setting of
Acquire menu.
Figure 2- 69
Signal that contains noise, and without average sampling
Figure 2- 70
Display signal after average sampling
2-54
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Figure 2- 71
Signal without Peak Detect Acquisition
Figure 2- 72
Signal with Peak Detect Acquisition
Stop Acquisition: When the scope is acquiring waveforms, the waveforms is in a
live status; when acquisition is stopped, frozen waveform will be displayed, the
position and scale can still be adjusted by vertical control and horizontal control.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-55
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Key Points
Real-time Sampling: The oscilloscope has Real-time sampling rate up to
1GSa/s. At the time base 50ns or faster, the oscilloscopes use the sine(x)/x
interpolation to expand the horizontal time base.
Equivalent Sampling: Known as Repetitive sampling to get up to 40ps of
horizontal resolution (equivalent 25Gsa/s). This mode is good for observing
repetitive signals, and it is not recommended for single-shot or pulse.
Normal Acquisition: Oscilloscope acquires signal by equal time interval.
Average Acquisition: Apply averaging to your signal to remove uncorrelated
noise and improve measurement accuracy. Reduces random or uncorrelated noise
in the signal display. The averaged waveform is a running average over a specified
number of acquisitions from 2 to 256.
Peak Detect Acquisition: Peak Detect mode captures the maximum and
minimum values of a signal. Finds highest and lowest record points over many
acquisitions.
2-56
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Set up the Display System
Display shows the menu button for the display system on the front panel.
Display setup button
Figure 2- 73
Display setup button
Press the Display button to pop up the menu for the settings of the display system.
Figure 2- 74
Table 2- 43 The Display menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Type
Setting
Vectors
Dots
Display waveforms as vectors
Display waveforms as dots
Clear all existing waveforms
from screen
Clear
Infinite
OFF
The sample points remain
displayed until turn the
persistence “OFF”.
Turn off the persistence function
<percentage >
Set up waveform intensity, the
range is from 0% to 100%
persist
Intensity
Comments
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-57
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Figure 2- 75
Table 2- 44 The Display menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Display grids and coordinates on
the screen
Turn off the grids
Turn off the grids and coordinates
Grid
Brightness
Menu
Display
< percentage >
1s
2s
5s
10s
20s
Infinite
Set up grid brightness
Set the time before menu fades
away. The menu will be hidden
after the set time of last button
pressing.
Key points:
1. Display type: Display type includes Vector and Dot. In vectors type, the
oscilloscopes connect dots through digital interpolation including both linearity
and sin(x)/x. Sin(x)/x interpolation is suitable for Real-time sampling and will be
more effective at 50ns or faster time base.
2. Refresh rate: It is an important performance of digital oscilloscopes. It means
the number of display refreshing per second and it will affect the ability to
observe signal.
Adjusting waveform intensity
Default setup of multi-function knob (
2-58
) is adjusting waveform intensity.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Store and Recall
Storage shows the menu button for the storage system on the front panel.
Storage setup button
Figure 2- 76
Storage setup button
Press the Storage button to show the menu for the settings of the storage system.
Waveforms and setups can be stored in and recalled from, both internal memory
and external memory. The waveform file, setup file, bitmap and CSV file in external
memory can be created and deleted (Note: internal file can be deleted or
overwritten). System supports English/Chinese key in.
Waveform and setup, the menu as following:
Figure 2- 77
Table 2- 45 The Storage menu (For Waveform and Setups)
Menu
Storage
Settings
Waveform
Setups
Comments
Store or recall waveform or
instrument setups
Internal
Go to menu for internal memory
operation (see table 2-48)
External
Go to menu for external memory
operation (see table 2-49)
Disk Mana.
Go to disk manage menu (see
table 2-50)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-59
RIGOL
Figure 2- 78
Table 2- 46 The Storage menu (For Bitmap)
Menu
Settings
Storage
Bit map
Para Save
ON
OFF
External
Disk Mana.
Figure 2- 79
Comments
Create or delete bit map files
Save the current oscilloscope
settings in different format
with the same file name
Go to menu for external
memory operation(see table
2-49)
Go to disk manage menu
(see table 2-50)
Table 2- 47 The Storage menu (For CSV)
Menu
Storage
Settings
Comments
Create or delete CSV files
Save currently displayed
waveform data to CSV file
Data Depth
Maximum
Save the whole waveform data
in memory to CSV file
Save the current oscilloscope
On
Para Save
settings in different format with
Off
the same file name
Hex
Save data in hexadecimal format
LA Data
Decimal
Save data in decimal format
Type[1]
Binary
Save data in binary format
Go to menu for external memory
External
operation (see table 2-49)
Go to disk manage menu
Disk Manage
(see table 2-50)
[1]
NOTE : Applicable to DS1000D Series only.
2-60
CSV
Displayed
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 80
Table 2- 48 The Storage menu (For factory)
Menu
Storage
Settings
Factory
Comments
Recall factory setups
Load
Recall factory setups or files
Disk Mana.
Go to disk manage
table 2-50)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
menu (see
2-61
RIGOL
Internal Memory
Press Storage→Internal to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 81
Table 2- 49 The Internal Memory Menu
Menu
Internal
2-62
Settings
Comments
Int_00 (S)
.
.
.
Int_09 (N)
Set up the location of files in
internal memory
Load
Recall waveform files and setup
files from the internal memory
location
Save
Save waveform files and setup
files to the internal memory
location
Delete File
(Folder)
Delete the selected location file
(folder)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
External Memory
Press Storage→External to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 82
Table 2- 50 The Memory menu
Menu
Explorer
Settings
Comments
Path
Directory
File
Switch among Path, Directory and
File
New File
(Folder)
To create new file or folder.
Delete File
(Folder)
Delete the selected location file
(folder)
Load
Recall waveform and setup from
USB storage device.
Path
Back to previous folder
Current directory
Files
File information.
Figure 2- 83
File system display
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Disk Manage
Press Storage→Disk Mana to display the following menu.
Figure 2- 84
Table 2- 51 The Disk Manage Menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Explorer
Figure 2- 85
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File
New folder
To create new folder( same as new
files, see table 2-13)
Delete File
Delete file
Load
Recall waveform, setup, recorded
waveform, Pass/Fail file
Table 2- 52 The Disk Manage Menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
2-64
Settings
Settings
Comments
Rename
To rename a file (see table 2-52)
Disk info
Display disk information
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Rename
Press Storage→Disk Manage.→Rename to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 86
Table 2- 53 The Rename Menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
To move the cursor up
To move the cursor down
To delete chosen letter
OK
Rename the file
Figure 2- 87
Rename the file
Key Points:
Factory: The oscilloscope has default settings and can be recalled at anytime.
Memory location: Specify memory location to save/recall the waves and setups.
Load: Recall saved waveforms, setups and default settings.
Save: Save waveforms and setups.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
NOTE:
1. Select Save stores not only the waveforms, but also the current settings.
2. To ensure the setups being saved properly, only after the settings are changed
for more than 5 seconds can the user turn off the instrument. The oscilloscope
can store 10 settings permanently and can restore at anytime.
2-66
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Set up the Utility System
Utility shows the menu button for the Utility on the front panel.
Utility setup button
Figure 2- 88
Utility setup button
Press the Utility button to pop up the menu for the settings of the Utility system.
Figure 2- 89
Table 2- 54 The Utility Menu (Page 1/3)
Menu
Setting
I/O setting
Sound
Counter
Comments
Setup I/O configuration
(ON)
(OFF)
OFF
ON
Switch beeper sound on/off
Turn off Frequency Counter
Turn on Frequency Counter
简体中文
繁体中文
Language
English
日本語
François
Select languages
(More languages may be added in later
firmware versions)
…
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-67
RIGOL
Figure 2- 90
Table 2- 55 The Utility menu (Page 2/3)
Menu
Figure 2- 91
Settings
Comments
Pass/Fail
Setup Pass/Fail test
Record
Setup Waveform Recorder
Print set
Setup printing
Table 2- 56 The Utility menu (Page 3/3)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Preference
Go to preference menu
Self-Cal
Execute Self-calibration
System Info
Display system information
Special Mode
Lock/Unlock
Lock the keyboard
NOTE:
Self-Calibration: Oscilloscope will calibrate parameter of vertical system (CH1,
CH2, and Ext), horizontal system and trigger system.
2-68
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
I/O setting
Press Utility→I/O setting to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 92
Table 2- 57 The I/O Setup Menu
Menu
Display
300
.
.
RS-232
Baud
Comments
Set RS-232 baud rate as
300, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200
or 38400.
38400
USB
Device
GPIB#
[1]
Computer
PictBridge
Set the USB device
0-30
Set the GPIB address
NOTE[1]: Users must set the USB device type manually first to ensure the
equipment connected is the same as the settings when switch the device from
computer (PictBridge printer) to PictBridge printer (computer) by the USB Device
port.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Language
The oscilloscopes have multi-language user menu, choose as your desire.
Press Utility→Language to select the language.
Figure 2- 93
The Language menu
Please use the fourth menu button or use the knob
need.
2-70
to select the language you
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Pass/Fail
The Pass/Fail function monitors changes of signals and output pass or fail signals by
comparing the input signal that is within the pre-defined mask. The testing results
not only can be displayed on screen or output by isolated pass/fail port but also can
be alarmed if turn on system sound.
Press Utility→Pass/Fail to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 94
Table 2- 58 The Pass/Fail Menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Setting
Comments
Enable Test
ON
OFF
Turn on Pass/Fail test
Turn off Pass/Fail test
Source
CH1
CH2
Select Pass/Fail test on CH1
Select Pass/Fail test on CH2
Operate
(RUN)
■ (STOP)
Pass/Fail test stopped, press to run
Pass/Fail test running, press to stop
ON
Turn on Pass/Fail information
display
Turn off Pass/Fail information
display
Msg display
Figure 2- 95
OFF
Table 2- 59 The Pass/Fail Menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Fail
Output
when
Fail
condition
detected.
Output and beep when Fail
condition detected.
Output
when
Pass
condition
detected.
Output and beep when Pass
condition detected.
Fail +
Output
Stop
on Output
[1]
Pass
Pass+
ON
OFF
Mask Setting
Stop test when output occur
Continue test when output occur
Go to mask setting menu
NOTE[1]: The beeper should be opened.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Mask Setting
Users can create, save, load and import/export the Pass/Fail mask by this function.
Press Utility→Pass/Fail→Mask Setting to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 96
Table 2- 60 The Mask setting menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
X Mask
Y Mask
Settings
< x div>
< y div>
Create
Mask
Location
Figure 2- 97
Set horizontal clearance
waveform
(0.04div-4.00div)
to
the
Set vertical clearance to the waveform
(0.04div-4.00div)
Create a test mask according to the
above clearance
Internal
External
Set the memory location of the mask
files.
Table 2- 61 The Mask setting menu (Page 2/2)
When the save as Internal memory
Menu
2-72
Comments
Settings
Comments
Save
Store created test mask into internal
memory
Load
Recall
mask setting file from
internal memory
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu (same as
REF import/export menu. See table
2-10)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 98
Table 2- 62 The Mask setting menu (Page 2/2)
When the save as external memory
Menu
Settings
Comments
Save
Go to save menu (same as REF save
menu. See table 2-12)
Load
Go to load menu see table 2-63
Import
Go to import menu. (same as REF
import menu see table 2-14)
Load
Press Utility→Pass/Fail→Mask Setting→Load to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 99
Table 2- 63 The Load menu
Menu
Explorer
Load
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File
Recall the specified file
NOTE: Pass/Fail function is unavailable in X-Y mode.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-73
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Pass/Fail connection
In Pass/Fail testing output circuit, the Oscilloscope adopts the technique of Optical
Isolation. It needs to connect to another circuit to fulfill the function.
Before connecting to an external circuit, make sure the maximum voltage/current
does not exceed 400V/100mA. The output device has no polarity limit and can be
connect arbitrarily.
Figure 2- 100
Schematic Diagram of Pass/Fail output
2-74
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Record
Waveform recorder records input waveforms from CH1 and CH2, with a maximum
record length of 1000 frames. This performance can also be activated by the
Pass/Fail test output, which makes this function especially useful to capture
abnormal signals in long term without keeping an eye watching it. This function
contains four modes: OFF, Record, Play back and Storage. More details about the
function please refer to the following introduction.
1.
OFF: It will close all record functions.
2.
Record: To record waveform by selected time interval till the last frame.
Press Utility→Record→Mode→Record to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 101
Table 2- 64 The Record menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Mode
Record
Play back
Storage
OFF
Select record mode
Select play back mode
Select storage mode
Turn off all recorder functions
Source
CH1
CH2
P/F-OUT
Select record source channel
End Frame
Operate
<1-1000>
(Run)
(Stop)
Set number of record frames
Record stopped, press
Start recording
Recording, press to stop
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
to
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RIGOL
Figure 2- 102
Table 2- 65 The Record menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Interval
3.
Settings
<1.00ms-1000s>
Comments
Set time interval
Play back: Play back the recorded waveforms.
Press Utility→Record→Mode→Play back to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 103
Table 2- 66 The Record menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
(Run)
Operate
(Stop)
2-76
Play stopped, press
Start playback
Playing, press to stop
to
Set repeat play mode
Set single time play mode
Play mode
Interval
Comments
<1.00ms-20s>
Set up interval
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 104
Table 2- 67 The Record menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Start
Frame
<1-1000>
Current
Frame
<1-1000>
End Frame
<1-1000>
Comments
Set start frame
Select current frame to be played
Set End frame
NOTE: The RUN/STOP button can also replay or continue the waveform display.
4. Storage: Store recorded waveforms to non-volatile memory according to setup
frames.
Press Utility→Record→Mode→Storage to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 105
Table 2- 68 The Storage menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Start Frame
End Frame
Location
Settings
<1-1000>
<1-1000>
Internal
external
Comments
Set first frame to be saved
Set last frame to be saved
Set up Store location
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-77
RIGOL
Figure 2- 106
Table 2- 69 The Storage menu (Page 1/2)
When the save to Internal memory
Menu
Figure 2- 107
Comments
Save
Save recorded waveform to internal
memory location
Load
Recall recorded waveform from internal
memory location
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu (same as REF
import/export menu. See table 2-10)
Table 2- 70 The Storage menu when the save as external memory
Menu
2-78
Settings
Settings
Comments
Save
Go to save menu (same as REF save
menu. See table 2-12)
Load
Go to load menu see table 2-63
Import
Go to import menu. (same as REF
import menu see table 2-14)
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Print Setting
DS1000E, DS1000D series oscilloscopes support pint function. Please execute print
operation according to the following steps:
1.
Connect printer:
DS1000E, DS1000D series oscilloscopes provide two print modes: “Normal” and
“PictBridge”.

If use PictBridge printer, please select “PictBridge” mode, and then connect the
oscilloscopes regarded as “Device equipment” and printer via USB Device port
on the rear panel.
Figure 2- 108
PictBridge print

If use Normal printer, please select “Normal” mode, and then connect the
oscilloscopes regarded as “Host equipment” and printer via USB Host port on
the front panel.
Figure 2- 109
Normal print
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
2.
To set up print parameters:
Press Utility→Print set to go to the following menu.
Figure 2- 110
Table 2- 71 The Print Set Menu (“Normal” Mode)
Menu
Print Mode
Settings
Normal
PictBridge
Print
Figure 2- 111
Select the print mode
Execute print function
Inverted
ON
OFF
Set up the invert of
printing color on or not
Palette
Gray scale
Color
Set up print color
Table 2- 72 The Print Set Menu (“PictBridge” Mode, Page1/3)
Menu
Print Mode
2-80
Comments
Settings
Comments
Normal
PictBridge
Select the print mode
Print
Execute print function
Abort
Stop print function
Status
Query the status of print job
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 112
Table 2- 73 The Print Set Menu (“PictBridge” Mode, Page2/3)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Paper Size
Default
A4, A5 and
so on
Select the print paper size:
default, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6
and B5
File Type
Default
Bmp
Exif/Jpeg
Select the print image type
Copies
Figure 2- 113
<1-999>
Adjust the print copies
Table 2- 74 The Print Set Menu (“PictBridge” Mode, Page3/3)
Menu
Print Quality
Palette
Inverted
Settings
Default
Normal
Draft
Fine
Gray scale
Color
ON
OFF
Comments
Select the print quality
Select the palette
Turn the invert on or off
3. Print:
Make sure the Printer has been connected and the print settings are all ready
before printing. Then, press Utility Print set Print to execute print operation.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Preference
Press Utility→Preference to go to the following menu
Figure 2- 114
Table 2- 75 The Preference menu (1/2)
Menu
Display
Screen saver
1 min
.
.
5 hour
OFF
Set up screen saver timer
Expand Refer.
Ground
Center
Set up waveform
expand reference
Classical
Modern
Tradition
Succinct
Skin
Set up skin style
Table 2- 76 The Preference menu (2/2)
Menu
Set Keys
2-82
vertical
Set up sticky state of CH1,
CH2, Math, Ref, Trig Level and
Trig Position
Sticky key
Figure 2- 115
Comments
Display
Comments
Set up new code
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Key Points:
1.
Screen saver: This function extends the life of LCD backlighting system.
2.
Expand reference: When changing the volts/div. for channels, the signal
expands or compresses around the signal ground level, or the center of the
screen. When Center is selected, the waveform will expand or compress around
the center of the display. When Ground is selected, the channel ground level will
remain the same position on the display and waveform will zoom about the
ground level.
3.
Sticky key: If sticky feature is turned ON, when adjusting positions (CH1, CH2,
MATH, REF, Trig.Lev. and Trig.Pos.), the object will stop at zero position until
next adjustment, for the ease of getting back to initial positions.
4.
Key Sets: This function help users to set new code to unlock the keyboard.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-83
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Self-Calibration
The Self-Calibration adjusts the internal circuitry to get the best accuracy. Use these
functions to calibrate the vertical and horizontal systems. For maximum accuracy at
any time, run this calibration if the ambient temperature changes by 5°C or more.
Disconnect any probes or cables from all channel inputs, otherwise failure or
damage to the oscilloscope may occur. Press Utility → Self-Cal to enter the
self-calibration interface as follows. Press “RUN/STOP” key to start the operation and
press “AUTO” key to exit the system.
Figure 2- 116
Self calibration
NOTE: The oscilloscope must have been working or warm-up at least
30-minutes before running self-calibration to get best accuracy.
2-84
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
System Information
System information can help users to query the instrument model, serial number,
software version, installed module and so on.
Press Utility→System Info to enter the system information interface as follows.
Figure 2- 117
System information interface
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
Special Mode
DS1000E, DS1000D series oscilloscopes provide a new function “Key Lock”, which
can meet the needs of industrial production. In this mode, except from F1 to F5 and
MENU ON/OFF, other keys are locked. You must input keys to unlock the keyboard,
the initial password is “111111”, Further more, you can reset new keys with
six-length by keys setting menu.
More details for operation steps please refer to the following
introductions:
1.
Lock the keyboard
Press Utility button, press Special Mode menu to enter the Lock mode; then choose
OK to start keyboard locked function as the following figure. In this mode, except
from F1 to F5 and MENU ON/OFF, other keys are locked. If you choose cancel, it will
cancel this function.
Figure 2- 118
Interface of keyboard locked
2.
Unlock the keyboard
Press any button among F1 to F5 to enter the Unlock mode, then please input the
unlock keys (the default is 111111, users can reset new keys with 6 bit length.) to
unlock the keyboard.
2-86
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Figure 2- 119
Interface of keyboard unlock
3.
Reset the keys
Press Utility button to choose the Preference menu, then choose set keys option in
second page of the menu just like the following figure. Input the old keys and press
Enter, input your new code and ensure it again, the system will clew that you have
finished new keys setting.
Figure 2- 120
Interface of key resetting
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
To Measure Automatically
The Measure button in the menu area activates the automatic measurement
function. The instruction below shows the powerful measurement function of the
oscilloscopes.
Auto measurement setup button
Figure 2- 121
Auto measurement setup button
Menu explanation:
Press the Measure button to display the menu for the settings of the Automatic
Measurements.
The oscilloscopes provide 20 auto measurements: Vpp, Vmax, Vmin, Vtop, Vbase,
Vamp, Vavg, Vrms, Overshoot, Preshoot, Freq, Period, Rise Time, Fall Time,
Delay1-2 , Delay1-2 , +Width, -Width, +Duty, -Duty (10 voltage and 10 timing
measurements).
Figure 2- 122
Table 2- 77 The Measure menu
Menu
Source
CH1
CH2
Comments
Select CH1 or CH2 as source channel
for measurement
Voltage
Select to measure voltage parameter
Time
Select to measure time parameter
Clear
Clear measurement result on screen
Display
All
2-88
Settings
OFF
ON
Turn off all measurement result
Turn on al measurement result
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
10 Voltage Measurement Parameters
Figure 2- 123
Table 2- 78 The Voltage Measurements menu (Page 1/3)
Menu
Figure 2- 124
Comments
Vmax
Measure maximum voltage of a waveform
Vmin
Measure minimum voltage of a waveform
Vpp
Measure Peak-to-Peak Voltage
Vtop
Measure a flat top voltage of a square
waveform
Table 2- 79 The Voltage Measurements menu (Page 2/3)
Menu
Figure 2- 125
Settings
Settings
Comments
Vbase
Measure a flat base voltage of a square
waveform
Vamp
Measure voltage between Vtop and Vbase
Vavg
Measure average voltage of a waveform
Vrms
Measure Root Mean Square Voltage of a
waveform
Table 2- 80 The Voltage Measurements menu (Page 3/3)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Overshoot
Measure overshoot in percentage
of an edge
Preshoot
Measure preshoot in percentage of
an edge
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
2-89
RIGOL
10 Time Measurement Parameters
Figure 2- 126
Table 2- 81 The Time Measurements menu (Page 1/3)
Menu
Figure 2- 127
Comments
Period
Measure Period of a waveform
Freq
Measure Frequency of a waveform
Rise time
Measure Rise Time of a rising edge
Fall time
Measure Fall Time of a falling edge
Table 2- 82 The Time Measurements menu (Page 2/3)
Menu
Figure 2- 128
Settings
Settings
Comments
+Width
Measure +Pulse Width of a pulse wave
-Width
Measure –Pulse Width of a pulse wave
+Duty
Measure +Duty Cycle of a pulse wave
-Duty
Measure –Duty Cycle of a pulse wave
Table 2- 83 The Time Measurements menu (Page 3/3)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Delay1→2
Measure the signals delay between
two channels at the rising edge
Delay1→2
Measure the signals delay between
two channels at the falling edge
NOTE: The results of the automatic measurements will be displayed on the bottom
of the screen. Maximum 3 results could be displayed at the same time. When there
is no room, the next new measurement result will make the previous results moving
left out of screen.
2-90
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Using Automatic Measurement
1.
Select the signal channel for measuring. CH1 or CH2 according to the signal of
interest.
Press soft buttons as follows: Measure→Source→CH1 or CH2.
2.
To see all measurement values, set the Display All to ON. 18 measurement
parameters will be displayed on the screen (except for “Delay1→2 ” and
“Delay1→2 ” ).
3.
Select parameters page for measuring; select voltage or time parameters pages
by pressing soft button as follows: Measure → Voltage or time → Vmax,
Vmin……
4.
To get the measured value on the screen; select the parameters of interest by
pressing the soft button on the right of the menu, and read the data on the
bottom of the screen.
If the data is displayed as “*****”, it means the parameter cannot be measured
in current condition.
5.
Clear the measure values: press Clear and all of the auto measure values would
disappear from the screen (except for “Display all” parameters).
Clear measured data from screen
Turn on/off the mass measurement
Figure 2- 129
Measurement display
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
The automatic measurement of voltage parameters
The oscilloscope provides automatic voltage measurements including Vpp, Vmax,
Vmin, Vavg, Vamp, Vrms, Vtop, Vbase, Overshoot and Preshoot. Figure below
shows a pulse with some of the voltage measurement points.
Overshoot
Vmax
Vtop
Vpp
Vamp
Vbase
Vmin
Preshoot
Figure 2- 130
Voltage parameters
Vpp: Peak-to-Peak Voltage.
Vmax: The maximum amplitude. The most positive peak voltage measured over
the entire waveform.
Vmin: The minimum amplitude. The most negative peak voltage measured over the
entire waveform.
Vamp: Voltage between Vtop and Vbase of a waveform
Vtop: Voltage of the waveform’s flat top, useful for square/pulse waveforms.
Vbase: Voltage of the waveform’s flat base, useful for square/pulse waveforms.
Overshoot: Defined as (Vmax-Vtop)/Vamp, useful for square and pulse
waveforms.
Preshoot: Defined as (Vmin-Vbase)/Vamp, useful for square and pulse waveforms.
Average: The arithmetic mean over the entire waveform.
Vrms: The true Root Mean Square voltage over the entire waveform.
2-92
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
The automatic measurement of time parameters
The oscilloscope provides time parameters auto-measurements include Frequency,
Period, Rise Time, Fall Time, +Width, -Width, Delay 1→2 , Delay 1→2 , +Duty
and -Duty.
Figure
shows a pulse with some of the time measurement points.
Rise Time
Fall Time
90%
50%
10%
-Width
+Width
Figure 2- 131
Time parameters
Rise Time: Time that the leading edge of the first pulse in the waveform takes to
rise from 10% to 90% of its amplitude.
Fall Time: Time that the falling edge of the first pulse in the waveform takes to fall
from 90% to 10% of its amplitude.
+Width: The width of the first positive pulse in 50% amplitude points.
-Width: The width of the first negative pulse in the 50% amplitude points.
Delay 1→2 : The delay between the two channels at the rising edge.
Delay 1→2 : The delay between the two channels at the falling edge.
+Duty: +Duty Cycle, defined as +Width/Period
-Duty: -Duty Cycle, defined as -Width/Period
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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RIGOL
To Measure with Cursors
Figure
displays the Cursor button on the front-panel.
Cursor measurement setup button
Figure 2- 132
Cursor measurement setup button
The cursor measurement has three modes: Manual, Track and Auto Measure.
1. Manual Mode:
In this mode, the screen displays two parallel cursors. Move the cursors to make
custom voltage or time measurements of the signal. The values are displayed on the
boxes below the menu. Before using cursors, make sure to set the Signal Source as
the channel for measuring.
2. Track Mode:
In this mode, the screen displays two cross cursors. The cross cursor sets the
position on the waveform automatically. Adjust cursor’s horizontal position on the
waveform by rotating the multifunctional knob ( ). The oscilloscope displays the
values of the coordinates on the boxes below the menu.
3. Auto Mode:
This mode will take effect with Automatic Measurements. The instruments will
display cursors while measuring parameters automatically. These cursors
demonstrate the electrical meanings of these measurements.
NOTE: The Auto Measure mode for Cursor measuring will take no effect without
automatic measurements.
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© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Manual Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Manual to display the manual mode menu.
Figure 2- 133
Table 2- 84 The Manual Mode Menu
Menu
Mode
Settings
Comments
Manual
Adjust the cursor to measure X/Y
parameters manually
X
Type
Y
Source
CH1
CH2
MATH
LA
Shown as vertical line to measure the
horizontal parameters
Shown as horizontal line to measure
the vertical parameters
Select the measurement signal source.
(LA is only for DS1000D series)
In this mode, the oscilloscope measures the Y or X coordinate values of the cursors,
and the increments between the two cursors.
When the cursor is in X type, a pair of vertical cursors CurA and CurB will be
appeared in the screen, whose time value could be measured separately as well as
the time difference between them, and which will be changed with the location of
cursor if you twirl the knob .
Figure 2- 134
Manual Measure Mode of Cursor Measurement
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RIGOL
When the cursor is in Y type, a pair of horizontal cursors CurA and CurB will be
appeared in the screen, whose voltage value could be measured separately as well
as the time difference between them, and which will be changed with the location of
cursor if you twirl the knob .
To do manual Cursor Measurements, please do as the following steps:
1. Select the Manual mode for cursor measurement by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Mode→Manual.
2. Select channel Source for measurements by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Source→CH1, CH2, MATH (FFT) or LA (DS1000D series)
NOTE: While measuring the channel of MATH, the results are valued with “d”
(division) as units.
3. Select the cursors type by pressing soft button as Cursor→Type→X or Y.
4. Move the cursors to adjust the increment between the cursors: (Details in the
following Table)
Table 2- 85 The Cursor menu
Cursor
Increment
X
Cursor A
Y
X
Cursor B
Y
Operation
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor A horizontally
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor A vertically
) to move
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor B horizontally
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor B vertically
) to move
) to move
) to move
NOTE: Cursor could be moved only when the curse function menu is displayed.
5. To get measurement values:
Position of Cursor A (time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen; Voltage
cursor centered on channel ground level).
Position of Cursor B (same as above).
Horizontal space between cursor A and B (△X): Time between cursors
(1/△X), units in Hz, kHz, MHz, GHz.
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Vertical space between cursor A and B (△Y): Voltage between cursors
If you choose the source as LA (DS1000D series), the measurement value is as
follows:
Position of Cursor A (time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen).
Position of Cursor B (time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen).
Cursor A value: Hex.
Cursor A value: Binary.
Cursor B value: Hex.
Cursor B value: Binary.
NOTE: The values will be automatically displayed on the right upper corner of
screen when the cursor function menu is hidden or displaying other menus.
Key Points
Cursor Y: Cursors Y appear as horizontal lines on the display to measure vertical
parameters. Usually it is used to measure the Volts. When the source is set as
function, the units are assigned to the function.
Cursor X: Cursor X appears as vertical lines on the display to measure horizontal
parameters. Usually it indicates the time of trigger excursion. When the source is
set as FFT, X means frequency.
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Track Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Track to display the track mode menu.
Figure 2- 135
Table 2- 86 The Track Mode Menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Mode
Track
Set Track mode
measurement
Cursor A
CH1
CH2
None
Set Cursor A in conjunction with
CH1, CH2 or turn off Cursor A
Cursor B
CH1
CH2
None
Set Cursor B in conjunction with
CH1, CH2 or turn off Cursor B
in
cursor
CurA
(Cursor A)
Turn the multifunctional knob (
to move cursor A horizontally
)
CurB
(Cursor B)
Turn the multifunctional knob (
to move cursor B horizontally
)
In Track mode, the cross cursor is displayed on the waveform under measuring. If
you move the horizontal position of cursor, the horizontal coordinate and vertical
coordinate of current point as well as the increments of them will be displayed
immediately. Note: horizontal coordinate represents time value, vertical coordinate
represents voltage value.
Figure 2- 136
Track Measure Mode of Cursor Measurement
2-98
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To do Track mode Cursor Measurements, follow these steps:
1. Select the Track mode for cursor measurement by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Mode→Track.
2. Select channel Source for Cursor A and Cursor B by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Cursor A or Cursor B→CH1, CH2 or None.
3. Move the cursors to adjust the horizontal positions of the cursors: (Details in the
following Table)
Table 2- 87 The Cursor usage
Cursor
Operation
Cursor A
Turn the multifunctional knob (
) to move cursor A horizontally
Cursor B
Turn the multifunctional knob (
) to move Cursor B horizontally
NOTE: Moving cursor horizontally is not allowed when other (not tracking cursor)
menu is activated
4. To get measurement value:
Position of Cursor 1 (Time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen; Voltage
cursor centered on channel ground level).
Position of Cursor 2 (Time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen; Voltage
cursor centered on channel ground level).
Read the horizontal space between Cursor 1 and 2 (△X): Time between cursors,
units in seconds.
(1/△X), units in Hz, kHz, MHz, GHz.
Vertical space between cursor 1 and 2 (△Y): Voltage between cursors, units in V.
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2-99
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Auto Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Auto to display the auto mode menu.
Figure 2- 137
Table 2- 88 The Auto Mode Menu
Menu
Mode
Settings
Comments
Auto
Display the cursors for the current
automatic measuring. (See the
following figure)
There will be no cursor display if no parameters are chosen in Measure menu. The
oscilloscope could move cursor automatically to measure 20 parameters in Measure
menu.
Figure 2- 138
Auto Measure Mode of Cursor Measurement
2-100
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
To Use Run Control Buttons
The run control buttons include AUTO (auto setting) and RUN/STOP.
Auto:
The AUTO features automatic adjustments to produce a usable display of the input
signal. Press AUTO button, the following menu appears.
Figure 2- 139
Table 2- 89 The Auto menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Multi-Cycle
Press to display multi-cycle
waveform on the screen
Single Cycle
Press to display single cycle
waveform on the screen
Rise Edge
Fall Edge
(Cancel)
Press to display the waveform’s
rising edge and measure its rise
time automatically
Press to display the waveform’s
falling edge and measure its fall
time automatically
Press to cancel all the Auto Set
actions, the oscilloscope will
recover to its previous status
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Auto-set functions
After the AUTO is pressed the oscilloscope is configured to the following defaults:
Table 2- 90 The Auto menu
Menu
Settings
Display format
Y-T
Acquire mode
Normal
Vertical coupling
Adjust to AC or DC according to the signal.
Vertical position
Adjust to right position
Vertical “V/div”
Adjust to right scale
Volts/Div
Coarse
Bandwidth limit
Full
Signal Invert
OFF
Horizontal position
Center
Horizontal “S/div”
Adjust to right scale
Trigger type
Edge
Trigger source
Find the channel with input signal automatically.
Trigger coupling
DC
Trigger voltage
Midpoint setting
Trigger mode
Auto
RUN/STOP:
Run or Stop waveform acquiring.
NOTE: The volts/div and horizontal time base can be adjusted in a fixed limit. That
is, to zoom in/out the signal in vertical and horizontal directions.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Chapter 3 Application & Examples
Example 1: Taking Simple Measurements
The function is used to observe an unknown signal; to display, measure frequency,
and peak-to-peak amplitude.
To quickly display a signal, please do the steps as follow:
1.
Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X
2.
Connect signal to CH1 with the probe
3.
Press the AUTO button
The oscilloscope sets the vertical, horizontal, and trigger controls at the best status
automatically. To optimize the waveform display, adjust these controls manually to
meet the requirements.
Selecting Automatic Measurements
The oscilloscope takes automatic measurements on most signals. To measure the
frequency and the peak-to-peak amplitude, do these steps as follows:
1.
Measure peak-to-peak amplitude
Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set measurement source
Press Voltage →Vpp to select peak-to-peak measurements and the result will be
displayed on the screen.
2.Measure frequency
Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set measurement source
Press Time→Freq to select frequency measurements and the result will be
displayed on the screen.
NOTE: The frequency and peak-to-peak measurements are shown on the screen
and are updated periodically.
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3-1
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Example 2: View a Signal Delay Caused by a Circuit
This example is to test the input and output signals of a circuit and observe the
signal delay. First, set the probe and the channel attenuation to 10X and connect
CH1 probe to the input, CH2 to the output of the circuit.
Do these steps as follow:
1.
Display the signals (CH1 and CH2):
(1) Press the AUTO button
(2) Adjust the vertical and the horizontal scale by turning the
appropriate ranges for display.
(3) Press the CH1 button to select Channel 1, and turn the vertical
knob to adjust the vertical position of Channel 1 waveform.
(4) Press the CH2 button to select Channel 2, and turn the vertical
knob to adjust the vertical position of Channel 2 waveform.
2.
knobs to
Measure the delay time when a signal going through the circuit.
Auto-measuring the delay:
(1) Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set measurement source.
(2) Press Time to select the measurement Type.
(3) Press Delay 1→2 to display the result on the screen.
You can see the change of the waveform in the following figure:
Figure 3- 1
Waveform distortion
3-2
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Example 3: Capture a Single-Shot Signal
To capture a single event, it needs to gather some pre-test knowledge of the signal
in order to set up the trigger level and slope correctly. For example, if the event is
derived from TTL logic, a trigger level of 2 volts should work on a rising edge.
The following steps show how to use the oscilloscope to capture a single event.
1.
Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X.
2.
Set up the trigger.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
Press
3.
Turn the vertical and horizontal
knobs to adjust the Volts/Div and
the Time base in a proper range for the signal
4.
Turn the
5.
Press RUN/STOP button to start capturing. When the trigger conditions are met,
data appears on the display representing the data points that the oscilloscope
obtained with one acquisition.
the MENU button in the Trigger control area to display the menu.
Edge to select the trigger mode
Slope to select
Source to select CH1
Sweep to select Single
Set Up→Coupling to select DC
knob to adjust trigger level
This function helps to capture the occurrence easily, such as the noisy with large
amplitude; set the trigger level higher a little above the normal level and press
RUN/STOP and wait. When noise occurs, the instrument will record the waveform
before and after the trigger. Adjust the
button in the horizontal
control area and change the level of the trigger position, will get the inverted delay
trigger. It is useful to observe the waveform before the occurrence of the noise.
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Example 4: To Reduce the Random Noise on a Signal
If the signal is noisy (Figure 3- 2), set up the oscilloscope to reduce the noise on the
waveform and avoid its interference to the signal.
Figure 3- 2
Signal with noise
1.
Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X.
2.
Connect a signal to the oscilloscope and obtain a stable display.
3.
Improve the trigger by setting the Coupling.
(1) Press the MENU in the Trigger control area.
(2) Press Set Up→Coupling→LF Reject or HF Reject
HF Reject (High frequency reject) adds a low pass filter with the -3 dB cut-off point
at 150 kHz. Use HF rejects to remove high frequency noise such as AM or FM
broadcast stations from the trigger path.
LF Reject (Low frequency reject) adds a high pass filter with the -3 dB cut-off point
at 8 kHz. Use LF Reject to remove low frequency signals such as power line noise
from the trigger path.
4.
3-4
To reduce the noise by setting the acquisition type and adjust the waveform
intensity.
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(1) If there is noise within the signal and the waveform looks too wide, in this case,
choose average acquisition. In this mode the waveform will be thin and easy to
observe and measure.
To use average follow these steps.

Press soft button as Acquire→Acquisition→Average

Toggle the Averages soft button to select the number of averages that best
eliminates the noise from the displayed waveform. It can be adjusted from 2256. (See Figure 3-3)
Figure 3- 3
Signal without noises
(2) To reduce the noise it can also be achieved by reducing the intensity of the
display.
NOTE: It is normal that the refresh rate will slow down when the average
acquisition mode is ON.
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Example 5: Making Cursor Measurements
There are 20 build-in automatic measurements. They can also be conducted using
cursors to make time and voltage measurements of a waveform quickly.
Measure the Peak Frequency of the First Sinc Waveform
To measure the ringing frequency at the rising edge of a signal, do these steps:
1.
Press Cursor key to see the Cursor menu.
2.
Press Mode to set Manual mode.
3.
Press Type to select X.
4.
Turn (
) knob to place cursor A on the first peak of the wave.
5.
Turn (
) knob to place cursor B on the second peak of the wave.
Observe the delta in time and frequency displayed on the screen.
Figure 3- 4
Waveform display
3-6
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Measure the Amplitude of the First Waveform Peak of the Sinc.
Please follow these steps:
1.
Press Cursor key to see the Cursor menu.
2.
Press Mode to set Manual mode
3.
Press Type to select Y.
4.
Turn (
) knob to place cursor A on the first peak of the wave.
5.
Turn (
) knob to place cursor B on the second peak of the wave.
Observe the following measurements in the cursor menu: (See Figure 3-5)
 The delta voltage (peak-to-peak voltage of the waveform)
 The voltage at Cursor 1
 The voltage at Cursor 2
Figure 3- 5
Waveform display
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Example 6: The application of the X-Y operation
Viewing Phase Changes through a Network
Theme: Connect the oscilloscope to monitor the input and output of the circuit and
capture the phase changes.
To view the input and output of the circuit in an X-Y display, do these steps:
1. From the probe menu set the attenuation to 10X. Set the switch to 10X on the
probes.
2. Connect the CH 1 probe to the input of the network, and connect the CH 2 probe
to the output.
3. If the channels are not displayed, press the CH1 and CH2 buttons.
4. Press the AUTO button
5. Adjust the vertical
signals on each channel
knob to display approximately the same amplitude
6. Press the MENU in horizontal control area to display the menu
7. Press the Time Base soft button to select X-Y
The oscilloscope displays a Lissajous pattern representing the input and output
characteristics of the circuit
8. Adjust the vertical
waveform display.
and
knobs to a desirable
9. Apply the Ellipse method to observe the phase difference between the two
channels.
(See Figure 3-6)
3-8
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Signal must be
centered in X
D
A
B
C
Figure 3- 6
Ellipse method to observe the phase difference
Sin = A/B or C/D, where  = phase shift (in degrees) between the two signals.
From the formula above, you could get:
 = arcsine (A/B) or arcsine (C/D)
If the main axis of the ellipse is at I and III quadrant,  must be in the range of
(0~π/2) or (3π/2~2π). If the main axis is at II and IV quadrant,  must be in the
range of (π/2~π) or (π~3π/2).
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Example 7: Triggering on a Video Signal
Test a video circuit in the DVD set. Use video trigger to obtain a stable display.
Triggering on Video Fields
To trigger on the video fields, please do as the following steps:
1. Press the MENU key in the Trigger control area to see the Trigger menu.
2. Press Mode to select Video mode.
3. Press Source to select CH1 as trigger source.
4. Press Polarity to select
.
5. Press Sync as Odd Field or Even Field.
6. Adjust the
trigger.
to set trigger level at the video sync pulse to get stable
7. Turn the horizontal
knob to see a complete waveform on the screen.
Figure 3- 7
Waveform display
The oscilloscope triggers on the Odd field or Even field. To avoid confusion when
Odd field and Even field trigger simultaneously, choose Odd field or Even field as in
step 5 above.
3-10
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Triggering on the Video Lines
1.
Press the MENU key in the Trigger control area to see the trigger menu.
2.
Press Mode to select Video.
3.
Press Source to select CH1 as trigger source.
4.
Press Polarity to select
5.
Press Sync to select Line Num.
6.
Turn (
.
) knob to trigger on a specified line number.
7. Adjust the
trigger.
8. Turn the horizontal
screen.
to set trigger level at the video sync pulse to get a stable
knob to observe a complete waveform on the
Figure 3- 8
Waveform display
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Example 8: FFT Cursor measurement
FFT measurements include: Amplitude measurement (Vrms or dBVrms) and
Frequency measurement (Hz).
Do these steps as follow:
1. Press Cursor→Manual.
2. Press Type to select X or Y.
3. Press Source to select FFT.
4. Turn (
) knob to move the cursor to an interesting point.
Figure 3- 9 The example of Cursor measuring FFT amplitude
Figure 3- 10
3-12
The example of Cursor measuring FFT frequency
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Example 9: Pass/Fail Test
When running test function the oscilloscope automatically examines the input signal,
compared to the already built waveform mask. If the waveform “touches” the mask,
a “Fail” occurs, otherwise the test passes. When needed, a programmable output
can be used for external automatic control applications, such as the automatic
failure product kick-out in a production line. The output is built in as a standard
feature, and is optically isolated.
Do the steps as following:
1.
Press Utility→Pass/Fail.
2.
Press Enable Test and select ON.
3.
Press Mask Setting→Load.
4.
Press Load to recall the saved mask or press X Mask and Y Mask to adjust the
horizontal limit and vertical limit then press Create Mask to create a new mask.
5.
Press Output to select the expected outputting waveforms.
6.
Press Operate to start the test.
Figure 3- 11
Waveform display
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3-13
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Example 10: Triggering on a Digital Signal
The triggering way, especially to the Digital Signal, which the Pattern and Duration
triggering are use for to carry on when triggering system was being used.
The two triggering ways are only allowed to a digital signal.
Pattern
Do the steps as following:
1. Press the MENU key in the triggering control area to see the trigger menu
2. Press Mode to select Pattern mode
3. Turn (
)knob to select the channel you want to set
4. Press Code to set Code Setting (H, L, X,
, or
)
5. Press Sweep to select trigger mode to: Auto, Normal, or Single
6. Press Set Up to adjust the Holdoff time.
Figure 3- 12
Pattern Trigger on a digital signal
3-14
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Duration
Do the steps as following:
1. Press the MENU key in the triggering control area to see the trigger menu
2. Press Mode to select Duration mode
3. Turn (
))knob to select the channel you want to set
4. Press Code to set Code Setting (H, L, or X)
5. Press Qualifier to set time limit terms
6. Press Time to set duration and limit symbol time
7. Press Sweep to select trigger mode to: Auto, Normal, or Single
8. Press Set Up to adjust the Holdoff time.
Figure 3- 13
Figure 3- 14
Duration Trigger on a digital signal
Duration Trigger on a digital signal
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3-15
RIGOL
Chapter 4 Troubleshooting
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
After the oscilloscopes is powered on, the screen remains dark (no
display):
Check the power cable connection.
Check if the power switch is turned on.
After the above inspection, restart the oscilloscope.
If the problem still remains, please contact RIGOL for help.
2.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
After the signal acquisition the waveform does not appear:
Check if the probes are correctly connected with the signals.
Check if the probes are firmly connected to the channels.
Check if the probes are correctly connected with the object being tested.
Check if the circuit can generate signal at the test point (Connect the probe
compensator output to an input channel to confirm whether the testing point
has no signal or the input channel is in some troubles).
(5) Repeat the acquisition.
3.
The measurement result is 10 times higher or lower than the value
expected.
Check if the probe attenuation is the same as the channel attenuation.
4. If the oscilloscope does not get a stable waveform display:
(1) Check the Trigger Source and notice if it is set to the channel in use.
(2) Check the Trigger Type. Use “Edge” for normal signals, and use “Video” for
VIDEO signals.
(3) Switch the coupling into HF Rejection or LF Rejection in order to filter the noise
which disturbs trigger.
(4) Adjust the trigger Sensitivity and the hold off time.
5.
After pressing the RUN/STOP button, the oscilloscope does not display
any waveform on screen.
Check whether the Trigger Mode is set to “Normal” or “Single” and see
whether the trigger level is out of the signal range. If yes, set the trigger level in
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
4-1
RIGOL
proper range by turning the
knob or pressing the 50% button. Or set
the Trigger Mode as “AUTO”. Moreover, push AUTO button to display the
waveform on screen.
6.
After the Acquisition is set to “Averages” or Display Persistence is set
ON, the waveform refreshes slowly.
It is normal in these settings.
7.
The signal is displayed as ladder like waveform.
(1) The time base setting maybe is too low. Turn the horizontal
knob to
increase horizontal resolution to improve the display.
(2) Maybe the display Type is set to “Vectors” set it to “Dots” mode to improve the
display.
4-2
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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Chapter 5 Specifications
All specifications apply to DS1000E, DS1000D Series Oscilloscopes unless noted
otherwise. To meet these specifications, two conditions must first be met:


The instrument must have been operating continuously for thirty minutes within
the specified operating temperature.
Do perform the Self Cal operation, accessible through the Utility menu, if the
operating temperature changes by more than 5°C.
NOTE: All specifications are guaranteed unless noted “typical”.
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5-1
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Specifications
Acquisition
Sampling Modes
Sampling Rate
Averages
Real-Time
Equivalent
1GSa/s[1], 500MSa/s
DS1102X
DS1052X
25GSa/s
10GSa/s
N time acquisitions, all channels simultaneously, N is
selectable from 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 and 256.
Inputs
Input Coupling
DC, AC, GND
Input Impedance
1MΩ± 2%
The input capacity is 18pF± 3pF
Probe Attenuation Factors
1X, 5X, 10X, 50X, 100X, 500X,1000X
Maximum Input Voltage
Time delay between channel
(typical)
400V (DC+AC Peak, 1MΩ input impedance)
40V (DC+AC Peak) [2]
500ps
Horizontal
Sample
Range
Rate
Waveform
interpolation
Memory depth
Scan speed Range
(Sec/div)
5-2
Real-Time: 13.65Sa/s-1GSa/s
Equivalent: 13.65Sa/s-25GSa/s
Sin(x)/x
Channel Mode
Sample rate
Record
Length
(normal)
Record
Length
(long record)
Single channel
1GSa/s
16kpts
N.A.
Single channel
500MSa/s
or lower
16kpts
1Mpts
Double channel
500MSa/s
or lower
8kpts
N.A.
Double channel
250MSa/s
or lower
8kpts
512kpts
2ns/div~50s/div, DS1102X
5ns/div~50s/div, DS1052X
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User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
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1-2-5 Sequence
Sample Rate and
Delay Time
Accuracy
± 50ppm (over any 1ms time interval)
Delta Time
Measurement
Accuracy
(Full Bandwidth)
Single-shot: ± (1 sample interval + 50ppm × reading + 0.6
ns)
>16 averages: ± (1sample interval + 50ppm × reading + 0.4
ns)
Vertical
A/D converter
8-bit resolution, each channel samples simultaneously
Volts/div Range
2mV/div~10V/div at input BNC
Maximum Input
Analog channel maximum input voltage
CAT I 300Vrms, 1000Vpk; instantaneous voltage 1000Vpk.
CAT II 100Vrms, 1000Vpk.
CAT II 300Vrms, when use probe RP2200 10:1, RP3200 10:1
or RP3300 10:1.
Offset Range
± 40V (250mV/div~10V/div)
± 2V (2mV/div~245mV/div)
Analog Bandwidth
100MHz (DS1102D,DS1102E)
50MHz (DS1052D, DS1052E)
Single-shot
Bandwidth
100MHz (DS1102D, DS1102E)
50MHz (DS1052D, DS1052E)
Selectable Analog
Bandwidth Limit
(typical)
20MHz
Lower Frequency
Limit (AC –3dB)
≤5Hz (at input BNC)
Rise Time at BNC,
typical
<3.5ns, <7ns,
On (100MHz, 50MHz) respectively
Dynamic range
± 5div
DC Gain Accuracy
2mV/div-5mV/div:
± 4% (Normal or Average acquisition mode)
10mV/div-10V/div:
± 3% (Normal or Average acquisition mode)
DC Measurement
Average of ≥16 Waveforms with vertical position at zero:
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
5-3
RIGOL
Accuracy, Average
Acquisition Mode
± (DC Gain Accuracy× reading+0.1div+1mV)
Average of ≥16 Waveforms with vertical position not at zero:
± [DC Gain Accuracy× (reading+vertical position)+(1% of
vertical position) + 0.2div]
Add 2mV for settings from 2mV/div to 245 mV/div
Add 50mV for settings from 250mV/div to 10V/div
Delta Volts
Measurement
Accuracy (Average
Acquisition Mode)
Delta Volts between any two averages of 16 waveforms
acquired under same setup and ambient
conditions: ± (DC Gain Accuracy× reading + 0.05 div)
Trigger
Trigger Sensitivity
0.1div~1.0div (adjustable)
Trigger Level Range
Internal
± 6 divisions from center of screen
EXT
± 1.2V
Internal
± (0.3div × V/div)(± 4 divisions from center of
screen)
EXT
± (6% of setting + 200 mV)
Trigger Level Accuracy
(typical) applicable for
the signal of rising
and falling time ≥20ns
Normal mode: pre-trigger (storage depth/ 2*sampling
rate), delayed trigger 1s
Trigger Offset
Slow Scan mode: pre-trigger 6div, delayed trigger 6div
Trigger Holdoff range
500ns~1.5s
Set Level to 50%
(Typical)
Input signal frequency ≥50Hz
Edge Trigger
Edge trigger slope
Rising, Falling, Rising + Falling
Pulse Width Trigger
Trigger condition
(>, <, =) positive pulse width, (>, <, =) negative pulse
width
Pulse Width range
20ns ~10s
Video Trigger
Video standard &
line frequency
Support standard NTSC, PAL and SECAM broadcast systems.
Line number range: 1~525 (NTSC) and 1~625 (PAL/SECAM)
Slope Trigger
Trigger condition
(>, <, =) Positive slope, (>, <, =) negative slope
Time setting
20ns~10s
5-4
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Alternate Trigger
Trigger on CH1
Edge, Pulse, Video, Slope
Trigger on CH2
Edge, Pulse, Video, Slope
[2]
Pattern Trigger
Trigger mode
D0~D15 select H, L, X,
Duration Trigger
,
[2]
Trigger Type
D0~D15 select H, L, X
Qualifier
>, <, =
Time setup
20ns~10s
Measurements
Manual
Voltage difference between cursors (∆V)
Time difference between cursors (∆T)
Reciprocal of ∆T in Hertz (1/∆T)
Track
Voltage value for Y-axis waveform
Time value for X-axis waveform
Auto
Cursors are visible for Automatic Measurement
Cursor
Auto Measure
Vpp, Vamp, Vmax, Vmin, Vtop, Vbase, Vavg, Vrms, Overshoot,
Preshoot, Freq, Period, Rise Time, Fall Time, +Width, -Width,
+Duty, -Duty, Delay1→2 , Delay1→2
Remarks:
[1] When sampling is 1GSa/s, only single channel can be used.
[2] For DS1000D Series
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
5-5
RIGOL
General Specifications
Display
Display Type
5.7 in. (145 mm) diagonal TFT Liquid Crystal Display
Display Resolution
320 horizontal × RGB× 234 vertical pixels
Display Color
64k color
Display Contrast (typical)
150:1
Backlight
Brightness(typical)
300 nit
Probe Compensator Output
Output Voltage(typical)
Approximately 3Vpp (peak to peak)
Frequency(typical)
1kHz
Power
Supply Voltage
100 ~ 240 VACRMS, 45~440Hz, CAT II
Power Consumption
Less than 50W
Fuse
2A, T rating, 250 V
Environmental
Ambient Temperature
Operating 10℃~ 40℃
Non-operating -20℃~ +60℃
Cooling Method
Fan force air flow
Humidity
+35℃ or below: ≤90% relative humidity
+35℃~ +40℃: ≤60% relative humidity
Altitude
Operating 3,000 m or below
Non-operating 15,000 m or below
Mechanical
Size
Heavy
5-6
Width
303mm
Height
154mm
Depth
133 mm
Without package
2.3 kg
Packaged
3.5 kg
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
IP Protection
IP2X
Calibration Interval
The recommended calibration interval is one year
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
5-7
RIGOL
Chapter 6 Appendix
Appendix A: Accessories
Standard Accessories:

Probe× 2 (1.5m), (1:1 or 10:1 adjustable) Passive Probes
The passive probes have a 6MHz bandwidth with a rating of 150V CAT II when
the switch is in the 1X position, and a Full oscilloscope bandwidth with a rating of
300 V CAT II when the switch is in the 10X position.








A Power Cord that fits the standard of destination country
An USB Cable
A Data Cable (only for DS1000D series)
A Active Logic Head (only for DS1000D series)
20 Logic Testing Nips (only for DS1000D series)
20 Logic Testing leads (only for DS1000D series)
A CD-ROM (including User’s Guide and Application Software)
A Quick Guide
Optional Accessories:




BNC Cable
RS232 Cable
USB-GPIB Adapter
DS1000E, DS1000D Soft Carrying Case
All accessories (standard and optional) are available by contacting your local RIGOL
office.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
6-1
Appendix B: Warranty
RIGOL warrants its products’ mainframe and accessories in materials and
workmanship within the warranty period. During the period concerned, RIGOL
guarantees the free replacement or repair of products which are approved defective.
To get repair service or obtain a copy of the whole warranty statement, please
contact with your nearest RIGOL sales and service office.
RIGOL do not provide any other warranty items except the one being provided by
this summary and the warranty statement. The warranty items include but not being
subjected to the hint guarantee items related to tradable characteristic and any
particular purpose. RIGOL will not take any responsibility in cases regarding to
indirect, particular and ensuing damage.
6-2
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Appendix C: Care and Cleaning
General Maintenance
Do not store or leave the instrument in where the instrument will be exposed to
direct sunlight for long periods of time.
Caution
To avoid damages to the instrument or probes, do not expose them to liquids which
have causticity.
Cleaning
Clean the instrument and probes regularly based on its operating conditions requires.
To clean the exterior surface, perform the following steps:
1. Disconnect the instrument from all power sources.
2. Clean the loose dust on the outside of the instrument and probes with a lintfree cloth (with a mild detergent and water). When clean the LCD, take care to
avoid scarifying it.
!
WARNING: To avoid injury resulting from short circuit, make sure the
instrument is completely dry before reconnecting into a power source.
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
6-3
Appendix D: Contact RIGOL
If you have any problem or requirement during using our products, please contact
RIGOL Technologies, Inc. or the local distributors.
Domestic: Please call
Tel: (86-10) 8070 6688
Fax: (86-10) 8070 5070
Service & Support Hotline: 800 810 0002
9:00 am –5: 00 pm from Monday to Friday
Or by e-mail:
service@rigol.com
Or mail to:
RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
156# CaiHe Village, ShaHe Town, ChangPing District, Beijing, China
Post Code: 102206
Overseas: Contact the local RIGOL distributors or sales office.
For the latest product information and service, visit our website: www.rigolna.com
6-4
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
RIGOL
Index
50% ............................... 1-18, 2-34
AC Coupling................................ 2-3
AC Line .................................... 2-51
Accessories.......................... 6-1, 6-2
Acquisition.................................. 5-2
Alternative Trigger .................... 2-42
Appendix ............................. 6-1, 6-4
AUTO ........................... 2-102, 2-103
Auto Trigger ............................. 2-51
Automatic Measurement ............ 2-88
Average Acquisition ................... 2-56
Bandwidth Limit .......................... 2-5
Blackman Window..................... 2-12
Channel Coupling ........................ 2-3
Cleaning ..................................... 6-3
Coarse/Fine ....................... 1-14, 2-9
Cursor ...................................... 2-95
Cursor Measurements......... 2-95, 3-6
DC Coupling ............................... 2-4
Display ....................................... 5-6
Display System ......................... 2-57
Duration Trigger ....................... 2-47
Edge Trigger ............................ 2-36
Envelope .................................. 2-56
Equivalent Sampling .................. 2-56
Ext and Ext/5 ........................... 2-51
Factory Setup ........................... 2-65
FFT .......................................... 2-11
FORCE ............................ 1-18, 2-34
Front panel ................................. 1-3
Functional check ......................... 1-7
GND Coupling ............................. 2-4
Hamming Window..................... 2-12
Hanning Window ...................... 2-12
HF Reject ................................. 2-52
Horizontal .................................. 5-2
I/O setup ................................. 2-69
Inputs ........................................ 5-2
Instant Execute Key ................ 2-102
Invert a waveform ...................... 2-9
Language ................................. 2-70
LEVEL ...................................... 2-34
LF Reject ................................. 2-52
Math ........................................ 2-10
Measurements ............................ 5-5
Normal Trigger ......................... 2-51
Nyquist Frequency .................... 2-13
Optional ..................................... 6-1
Pattern Trigger ......................... 2-46
Power ........................................ 5-6
Pretrigger................................. 2-52
Probe Attenuation ....................... 2-6
Probe compensation ................... 1-9
Probe Compensator .................... 5-6
Pulse Trigger ............................ 2-37
Random Noise ............................ 3-4
Realtime Sampling .................... 2-56
Rectangle Window .................... 2-12
REF ......................................... 2-14
Roll Mode Display ..................... 2-29
RUN/STOP ............................. 2-102
Sampling System ...................... 2-53
Save and Recal ......................... 2-59
Self- Calibration ........................ 2-84
Single Trigger ........................... 2-52
Slope Trigger............................ 2-39
STORAGE ................................. 2-59
Sync Pulses .............................. 2-41
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series
1
Trigger ...................................... 5-4
Trigger Control ..........................1-17
Trigger System ..........................2-34
UTILITY ....................................2-67
Vertical ...................................... 5-3
2
Vertical System ...........................2-2
Vertical Window ........................ 1-13
Video Trigger ............................ 2-40
X-Y .......................................... 2-29
Y-T .......................................... 2-29
© 2008 RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
User’s Guide for DS1000E, DS1000D Series