Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread Spectrum and

EVALUATION KIT AVAILABLE
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
General Description
The MAX9259 serializer pairs with the MAX9260 deserializer for joint transmission of high-speed video, audio,
and control data.
The MAX9259/MAX9260 operate up to 3.125Gbps for a
15m shielded twisted-pair (STP) cable. This serial link
supports display panels from QVGA (320 x 240) up to
XGA (1280 x 768), or dual-view WVGA (2 x 854 x 480).
The embedded audio channel supports I2S up to 32 bits
per sample and at a 192kHz sample rate. The embedded control channel forms a full-duplex, differential
100kbps to 1Mbps UART link between the serializer and
deserializer. The host electronic control unit (ECU) or
microcontroller (FC) resides either on the MAX9259 or on
the MAX9260. In addition, the control channel enables
ECU/FC control of peripherals in the remote side of the
serial link through I2C/UART.
Preemphasis and channel equalization extend the link
length and enhance the link reliability. Spread spectrum
is available to reduce EMI on the serial and parallel output data signals. The differential link complies with the
ISO 10605 and IEC 61000-4-2 ESD-protection standards.
The core supplies for the MAX9259/MAX9260 are 1.8V
and 3.3V, respectively. Both devices use an I/O supply from 1.8V to 3.3V. These devices are available in
a 64-pin TQFP package (10mm x 10mm) and a 56-pin
TQFN/QFND package (8mm x 8mm x 0.75mm) with an
exposed pad. Electrical performance is guaranteed over
the -40NC to +105NC automotive temperature range.
Applications
High-Resolution Automotive Navigation
Features
S Ideal for Digital Video Applications
Up to XGA (1280 x 768) or Dual-View WVGA
(2 x 854 x 480) Panels with 18- or 24-Bit Color
Pre/Deemphasis Allows 15m Cable at Full Speed
Up to 192kHz, 32-Bit Sample I2S
S Multiple Data Rates for System Flexibility
Up to 3.12Gbps Serial-Bit Rate
6.25MHz to 104MHz Pixel Clock
Up to 1Mbps UART/UART-to-I2C Control Channel
S Reduces EMI and Shielding Requirements
Serial Output Programmable for 100mV to 400mV
Programmable Spread Spectrum Reduces EMI
Bypasses Input PLL for Jitter Attenuation
S Peripheral Features for System Verification
Built-In Serial Link PRBS BER Tester
Interrupt Transmission from Deserializer to
Serializer
Meets AEC-Q100 Requirements
-40NC to +105NC Operating Temperature Range
±10kV Contact and 25kV Air ISO 10605 and
±10kV IEC 61000-4-2 ESD Protection
Simplified Diagram
VIDEO/AUDIO
µC
VIDEO/AUDIO
MAX9259
I 2C
Rear-Seat Infotainment
720p
MAX9260
DISPLAY
I2C
Ordering Information
Megapixel Camera Systems
PART
TEMP RANGE
PIN-PACKAGE
MAX9259GCB/V+
-40NC to +105NC
64 TQFP-EP*
MAX9259GCB/V+T
-40NC to +105NC
64 TQFP-EP*
MAX9259GTN/V+T
-40NC to +105NC
56 TQFN-EP*
MAX9259GGN/VY+
-40NC to +105NC
56 QFND-EP*
MAX9260GCB/V+
-40NC to +105NC
64 TQFP-EP*
MAX9260GCB/V+T
-40NC to +105NC
64 TQFP-EP*
/V denotes an automotive qualified part.
+Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
*EP = Exposed pad.
T = Tape and reel.
Typical Applications Circuit appears at end of data sheet.
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct
at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
19-4968; Rev 4; 10/14
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
AVDD to AGND
MAX9259............................................................-0.5V to +1.9V
MAX9260............................................................-0.5V to +3.9V
DVDD to GND (MAX9259)....................................-0.5V to +1.9V
DVDD to DGND (MAX9260)..................................-0.5V to +3.9V
IOVDD to GND (MAX9259)...................................-0.5V to +3.9V
IOVDD to IOGND (MAX9260)...............................-0.5V to +3.9V
Any Ground to Any Ground..................................-0.5V to +0.5V
OUT+, OUT- to AGND (MAX9259).......................-0.5V to +1.9V
IN+, IN- to AGND (MAX9260)...............................-0.5V to +1.9V
LMN_ to GND (MAX9259)
(60kI source impedance).................................-0.5V to +3.9V
All Other Pins to GND (MAX9259)........ -0.5V to (IOVDD + 0.5V)
All Other Pins to IOGND (MAX9260).... -0.5V to (IOVDD + 0.5V)
OUT+, OUT- Short Circuit to Ground or
Supply (MAX9259)..................................................Continuous
IN+, IN- Short Circuit to Ground or
Supply (MAX9260)..................................................Continuous
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70NC)
64-Pin TQFP (derate 31.3mW/NC above +70NC)........2508mW
56-Pin TQFN (derate 47.6mW/NC above +70NC).....3809.5mW
56-Pin QFND (derate 42.7mW/NC above +70NC).......3148mW
Operating Temperature Range......................... -40NC to +105NC
Junction Temperature......................................................+150NC
Storage Temperature Range............................. -65NC to +150NC
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s).................................+300NC
Soldering Temperature (reflow).......................................+260NC
PACKAGE THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS (Note 1)
64 TQFP
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (BJA)........31.9NC/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (BJC)..................1NC/W
56 TQFN
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (BJA)...........21NC/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (BJC)..................1NC/W
56 QFND
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (BJA)........23.4NC/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (BJC)...............1.6NC/W
Note 1: Package thermal resistances were obtained using the method described in JEDEC specification JESD51-7, using a four-layer board. For detailed information on package thermal considerations, refer to www.maximintegrated.com/thermal-tutorial.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
MAX9259 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
SINGLE-ENDED INPUTS (DIN_, PCLKIN, PWDN, SSEN, BWS, ES, DRS, MS, CDS, AUTOS, SD, SCK, WS)
0.65 x
VIOVDD
High-Level Input Voltage
VIH1
Low-Level Input Voltage
VIL1
Input Current
IIN1
VIN = 0 to VIOVDD
Input Clamp Voltage
VCL
ICL = -18mA
High-Level Output Voltage
VOH1
IOH = -2mA
Low-Level Output Voltage
VOL1
IOL = 2mA
V
-10
0.35 x
VIOVDD
V
+10
FA
-1.5
V
SINGLE-ENDED OUTPUT (INT)
Output Short-Circuit Current
2 IOS
VO = 0V
VIOVDD
- 0.2
V
0.2
VIOVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V
16
35
64
VIOVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V
3
12
21
V
mA
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9259 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
I2C AND UART I/O, OPEN-DRAIN OUTPUTS (RX/SDA, TX/SCL, LFLT)
High-Level Input Voltage
VIH2
Low-Level Input Voltage
VIL2
Input Current
IIN2
Low-Level Open-Drain Output
Voltage
VOL2
0.7 x
VIOVDD
VIN = 0 to VIOVDD (Note 2)
IOL = 3mA
V
-110
0.3 x
VIOVDD
V
+5
FA
VIOVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V
0.4
VIOVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V
0.3
V
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT (OUT+, OUT-)
Differential Output Voltage
Change in VOD Between
Complementary Output States
Output Offset Voltage,
(VOUT+ + VOUT-)/2 = VOS
Change in VOS Between
Complementary Output States
Output Short-Circuit Current
VOD
Preemphasis off (Figure 1)
300
3.3dB preemphasis setting, VOD(P)
(Figure 2)
400
350
610
3.3dB deemphasis setting, VOD(D)
(Figure 2)
240
425
DVOD
VOS
Preemphasis off
1.1
1.4
DVOS
IOS
VOUT+ or VOUT- = 0V
High Switching Threshold
VCHR
Low Switching Threshold
VCLR
mV
1.56
V
15
mV
25
45
54
mVP-P
15
-60
VOUT+ or VOUT- = 1.9V
Magnitude of Differential Output
IOSD
VOD = 0V
Short-Circuit Current
Output Termination Resistance
RO
From OUT+, OUT- to VAVDD
(Internal)
REVERSE CONTROL-CHANNEL RECEIVER (OUT+, OUT-)
500
mA
25
mA
63
I
27
mV
-27
mV
LINE-FAULT-DETECTION INPUT (LMN_)
Short-to-GND Threshold
VTG
Figure 3
Normal Thresholds
VTN
Figure 3
0.3
V
0.57
1.07
V
V
V
VTO
Figure 3
1.45
VIO+
0.06
Open Input Voltage
VIO
Figure 3
1.47
1.75
Short-to-Battery Threshold
VTE
Figure 3
2.47
Open Thresholds
V
POWER SUPPLY
fPCLKIN = 16.6MHz
100
125
fPCLKIN = 33.3MHz
105
145
fPCLKIN = 66.6MHz
116
155
fPCLKIN = 104MHz
Worst-Case Supply Current
(Figure 4)
IWCS
135
175
Sleep-Mode Supply Current
ICCS
40
110
FA
Power-Down Supply Current
ICCZ
5
70
FA
Maxim Integrated
BWS = GND
PWDN = GND
mA
3
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9259 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V, TA = +25NC.)
ESD PROTECTION
OUT+, OUT- (Pin to EP)
All Other Pins (to EP or Supply)
4 VESD
VESD
Human Body Model, RD = 1.5kW,
CS = 100pF
±8
IEC 61000-4-2,
RD = 330W,
CS = 150pF
Contact discharge
±10
Air discharge
±12
IEC 10605,
RD = 2kW,
CS = 330pF
Contact discharge
±10
Air discharge
±25
Human Body Model, RD = 1.5kW,
CS = 100pF
±4
kV
FA
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9259 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
PARALLEL CLOCK INPUT (PCLKIN)
Clock Frequency
fPCLKIN
Clock Duty Cycle
DC
Clock Transition Time
Clock Jitter
tR, tF
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
VBWS = VGND, VDRS = VIOVDD
8.33
VBWS = VGND, VDRS = VGND
16.66
104
VBWS = VIOVDD, VDRS = VIOVDD
VBWS = VIOVDD, VDRS = VGND
6.25
12.5
tHIGH/tT or tLOW/tT (Figure 5)
16.66
12.5
35
UNITS
MHz
78
50
(Figure 5)
65
%
4
ns
800
ps(P-P)
tJ
3.125Gbps, 300kHz sinusoidal jitter
Output Rise Time
tR
30% to 70%, CL = 10pF to 100pF, 1kI
pullup to IOVDD
20
150
ns
Output Fall Time
tF
70% to 30%, CL = 10pF to 100pF, 1kI
pullup to IOVDD
20
150
ns
Input Setup Time
tSET
I2C only (Figure 6)
100
ns
tHOLD
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (Note 3)
I2C only (Figure 6)
0
ns
Differential Output Rise-and-Fall
Time
20% to 80%, VOD ≥ 400mV, RL = 100I,
serial-data rate = 3.125Gbps
I2C/UART PORT TIMING (Note 3)
Input Hold Time
tR, tF
Total Serial Output Jitter
tTSOJ1
3.125Gbps PRBS signal, measured at
VOD = 0V differential, preemphasis
disabled (Figure 7)
Deterministic Serial Output Jitter
tDSOJ2
3.125Gbps PRBS signal
90
150
0.25
ps
UI
0.15
UI
Parallel Data Input Setup Time
tSET
(Figure 8)
1
ns
Parallel Data Input Hold Time
tHOLD
(Figure 8)
1.5
ns
tSD
(Figure 9)
Link Start Time
tLOCK
(Figure 10)
3.5
ms
Power-Up Time
tPU
(Figure 11)
3.5
ms
WS Frequency
fWS
(Table 2)
8
192
kHz
Sample Word Length
nWS
(Table 2)
4
32
Bits
(192 x
32) x 2
kHz
Serializer Delay (Note 4)
Spread spectrum enabled
2830
Spread spectrum disabled
270
Bits
I2S INPUT TIMING
SCK Frequency
fSCK
fSCK = fWS x nWS x 2
(8 x 4)
x2
SCK Clock High Time (Note 3)
tHC
VSCK ≥ VIH, tSCK = 1/fSCK
0.35 x
tSCK
ns
SCK Clock Low Time (Note 3)
tLC
VSCK ≤ VIL, tSCK = 1/fSCK
0.35 x
tSCK
ns
SD, WS Setup Time
tSET
(Figure 12, Note 3)
2
ns
SD, WS Hold Time
tHOLD
(Figure 12, Note 3)
2
ns
Maxim Integrated
5
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
SINGLE-ENDED INPUTS (ENABLE, INT, PWDN, SSEN, BWS, ES, DRS, MS, CDS, EQS, DCS)
High-Level Input Voltage
VIH1
Low-Level Input Voltage
VIL1
0.65 x
VIOVDD
Input Current
IIN1
VIN = 0 to VIOVDD
Input Clamp Voltage
VCL
ICL = -18mA
V
-10
0.35 x
VIOVDD
V
+10
FA
-1.5
V
SINGLE-ENDED OUTPUTS (DOUT_, SD, WS, SCK, PCLKOUT)
High-Level Output Voltage
Low-Level Output Voltage
VOH
VOL1
VIOVDD
- 0.3
VDCS = VIOVDD
VIOVDD
- 0.2
IOH = -2mA
IOL = 2mA
DOUT_,
SD, WS,
SCK
Output Short-Circuit Current
VDCS = VIOGND
V
VDCS = VIOGND
0.3
VDCS = VIOVDD
0.2
VO = 0V,
VDCS = VIOGND
VO = 0V,
VDCS = VIOVDD
IOS
VO = 0V,
VDCS = VIOGND
PCLKOUT
VO = 0V,
VDCS = VIOVDD
VIOVDD =
3.0V to 3.6V
15
25
39
VIOVDD =
1.7V to 1.9V
3
7
13
VIOVDD =
3.0V to 3.6V
20
35
63
VIOVDD =
1.7V to 1.9V
5
10
21
VIOVDD =
3.0V to 3.6V
15
33
50
VIOVDD =
1.7V to 1.9V
5
10
17
VIOVDD =
3.0V to 3.6V
30
54
97
VIOVDD =
1.7V to 1.9V
9
16
32
V
mA
I2C AND UART I/O, OPEN-DRAIN OUTPUTS (RX/SDA, TX/SCL, ERR, GPIO_, LOCK)
High-Level Input Voltage
VIH2
Low-Level Input Voltage
VIL2
Input Current
IIN2
Low-Level Open-Drain Output
Voltage
6 VOL2
0.7 x
VIOVDD
V
0.3 x
VIOVDD
VIN = 0 to VIOVDD
(Note 2)
IOL = 3mA
RX/SDA, TX/SCL
-110
+1
GPIO, ERR, LOCK
VIOVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V
-80
+1
VIOVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V
V
FA
0.4
V
0.3
V
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUTS FOR REVERSE CONTROL CHANNEL (IN+, IN-)
Differential High Output Peak
Voltage, (VIN+) - (VIN-)
VROH
No high-speed data transmission
(Figure 13)
30
60
mV
Differential Low Output Peak
Voltage, (VIN+) - (VIN-)
VROL
No high-speed data transmission
(Figure 13)
-60
-30
mV
90
mV
DIFFERENTIAL INPUTS (IN+, IN-)
Differential High Input Threshold
(Peak), (VIN+) - (VIN-)
VIDH(P)
(Figure 14)
Differential Low Input Threshold
(Peak), (VIN+) - (VIN-)
VIDL(P)
(Figure 14)
Input Common-Mode Voltage,
((VIN+) + (VIN-))/2
Differential Input Resistance
(Internal)
40
-90
-40
mV
VCMR
1
1.3
1.6
V
RI
80
100
130
I
2% spread
spectrum active
113
166
Spread spectrum
disabled
105
155
2% spread
spectrum active
122
181
Spread spectrum
disabled
110
165
2% spread
spectrum active
137
211
Spread spectrum
disabled
120
188
2% spread
spectrum active
159
247
Spread spectrum
disabled
135
214
80
130
FA
19
70
FA
POWER SUPPLY
VBWS = VIOGND,
fPCLKOUT = 16.6MHz
VBWS = VIOGND,
fPCLKOUT = 33.3MHz
Worst-Case Supply Current
(Figure 15)
IWCS
VBWS = VIOGND,
fPCLKOUT = 66.6MHz
VBWS = VIOGND,
fPCLKOUT = 104MHz
Sleep-Mode Supply Current
ICCS
Power-Down Supply Current
ICCZ
Maxim Integrated
VPWDN = VIOGND
mA
7
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V, TA = +25NC.)
ESD PROTECTION
Human Body Model, RD = 1.5kW,
CS = 100pF
IN+, IN- (Pin to EP)
All Other Pins (to EP or Supply)
8 VESD
VESD
±8
IEC 61000-4-2,
RD = 330W,
CS = 150pF
Contact discharge
±8
Air discharge
±10
IEC 10605,
RD = 2kW,
CS = 330pF
Contact discharge
±8
Air discharge
±20
Human Body Model, RD = 1.5kW,
CS = 100pF
±4
kV
FA
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
PARALLEL CLOCK OUTPUT (PCLKOUT)
Clock Frequency
Clock Duty Cycle
fPCLKOUT
DC
VBWS = VIOGND, VDRS = VIOVDD
8.33
VBWS = VIOGND, VDRS = VIOGND
16.66
104
VBWS = VIOVDD, VDRS = VIOVDD
6.25
12.5
VBWS = VIOVDD, VDRS = VIOGND
tHIGH/tT or tLOW/tT (Figure 16)
12.5
78
40
16.66
50
60
MHz
%
tJ
Period jitter, RMS, spread off, 3.125Gbps,
PRBS pattern, UI = 1/fPCLKOUT
Output Rise Time
tR
30% to 70%, CL = 10pF to 100pF, 1kI
pullup to IOVDD
20
150
ns
Output Fall Time
tF
70% to 30%, CL = 10pF to 100pF, 1kI
pullup to IOVDD
20
150
ns
Input Setup Time
tSET
I2C only
100
ns
Input Hold Time
tHOLD
I2C only
0
ns
Clock Jitter
0.05
UI
I2C/UART PORT TIMING
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS
20% to 80%,
VIOVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V
PCLKOUT Rise-and-Fall Time
tR, tF
20% to 80%,
VIOVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V
20% to 80%,
VIOVDD = 1.7V to 1.9V
Parallel Data Rise-and-Fall Time
(Figure 17)
tR, tF
20% to 80%,
VIOVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V
Deserializer Delay
Lock Time
tSD
tLOCK
VDCS = VIOVDD,
CL = 10pF
0.4
2.2
VDCS = VIOGND,
CL = 5pF
0.5
2.8
VDCS = VIOVDD,
CL = 10pF
0.25
1.7
VDCS = VIOGND,
CL = 5pF
0.3
2.0
VDCS = VIOVDD,
CL = 10pF
0.5
3.1
VDCS = VIOGND,
CL = 5pF
0.6
3.8
VDCS = VIOVDD,
CL = 10pF
0.3
2.2
VDCS = VIOGND,
CL = 5pF
0.4
2.4
ns
ns
Spread spectrum enabled (Figure 18)
2880
Spread spectrum disabled (Figure 18)
750
Spread spectrum enabled (Figure 19)
1500
Spread spectrum off (Figure 19)
1000
2500
Fs
Bits
Fs
Power-Up Time
tPU
(Figure 20)
Reverse Control-Channel Output
Rise Time
tR
No high-speed transmission (Figure 13)
180
400
ns
Reverse Control-Channel Output
Fall Time
tF
No high-speed transmission (Figure 13)
180
400
ns
Maxim Integrated
9
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = 3.0V to 3.6V, VIOVDD = 1.7V to 3.6V, RL = 100I Q1% (differential), TA = -40NC to +105NC, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V, TA = +25NC.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
I2S OUTPUT TIMING
fWS = 48kHz or
44.1kHz
WS Jitter
tWS = 1/fWS, rising
(falling) edge to
fWS = 96kHz
falling (rising) edge
(Note 5)
fWS = 192kHz
tAJ-WS
SCK Jitter
0.4e - 3 0.5e - 3
x tWS
x tWS
tAJ-SCK
tSCK = 1/fSCK, rising edge to rising
edge
1e - 3
x tWS
1.6e - 3
x tWS
2e - 3
x tWS
nWS = 16 bits,
fWS = 48kHz or 44.1kHz
13e - 3 16e - 3
x tSCK x tSCK
nWS = 24 bits,
fWS = 96kHz
39e - 3 48e - 3
x tSCK x tSCK
nWS = 32 bits,
fWS = 192kHz
0.1
x tSCK
Audio Skew Relative to Video
ASK
Video and audio synchronized
SCK, SD, WS Rise-and-Fall Time
tR, tF
20% to 80%
VDCS = VIOVDD, CL = 10pF
0.3
VDCS = VIOGND, CL = 5pF
0.4
SD, WS Valid Time Before SCK
tDVB
tSCK = 1/fSCK (Figure 21)
0.35
x tSCK
SD, WS Valid Time After SCK
tDVA
tSCK = 1/fSCK (Figure 21)
0.35
x tSCK
Note
Note
Note
Note
0.8e - 3
x tWS
ns
ns
0.13
x tSCK
3 x tWS 4 x tWS
3.1
µs
ns
3.8
ns
0.5
x tSCK
ns
0.5
x tSCK
ns
2: Minimum IIN due to voltage drop across the internal pullup resistor.
3: Not production tested.
4: Bit time = 1/(30 x fRXCLKIN) (BWS = 0), = 1/(40 x fRXCLKIN) (BWS = VIOVDD).
5: Rising to rising edge jitter can be twice as large.
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V (MAX9259), VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V (MAX9260), TA = +25NC, unless otherwise noted.)
120
115
110
105
PREEMPHASIS =
0x01 TO 0x04
100
95
PREEMPHASIS = 0x00
90
5
25
45
65
PCLKIN FREQUENCY (MHz)
10 85
105
130
PREEMPHASIS =
0x0B TO 0x0F
125
120
115
110
105
PREEMPHASIS =
0x01 TO 0x04
100
95
5
20
35
50
PCLKIN FREQUENCY (MHz)
65
ALL EQUALIZER SETTINGS
150
145
140
135
130
125
120
115
110
PREEMPHASIS = 0x00
90
155
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
PREEMPHASIS =
0x0B TO 0x0F
125
MAX9259/60 toc02
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
130
135
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
MAX9259/60 toc01
135
MAX9260 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (24-BIT MODE)
MAX9259 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKIN FREQUENCY (32-BIT MODE)
MAX9259/60 toc03
MAX9259 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKIN FREQUENCY (24-BIT MODE)
80
105
5
25
45
65
85
105
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 1.8V (MAX9259), VDVDD = VAVDD = VIOVDD = 3.3V (MAX9260), TA = +25NC, unless otherwise noted.)
140
135
130
125
120
170
115
160
2%, 4% SPREAD
150
140
130
120
110
110
MAX9260 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (32-BIT MODE)
180
170
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
5
20
35
50
65
150
140
130
120
NO SPREAD
100
5
80
2%, 4% SPREAD
110
NO SPREAD
100
105
160
25
45
65
85
5
105
20
35
50
65
80
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
SERIAL LINK SWITCHING PATTERN
WITHOUT PREEMPHASIS
(PARALLEL BIT RATE = 104MHz, 10m STP CABLE)
SERIAL LINK SWITCHING PATTERN
WITH 14dB PREEMPHASIS
(PARALLEL BIT RATE = 104MHz, 10m STP CABLE)
OUTPUT POWER SPECTRUM
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY
(MAX9259 SPREAD ON, MAX9260 SPREAD OFF)
MAX9259/60 toc07
MAX9259/60 toc08
3.12Gbps
0
3.12Gbps
250.0mV
PCLKOUT OUTPUT POWER (dBm)
400.0mV
fPCLKOUT = 20MHz
-10
0% SPREAD
0.5% SPREAD
-20
MAX9259/60 toc09
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
145
180
MAX9259/60 toc05
ALL EQUALIZER SETTINGS
150
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
MAX9259/60 toc04
155
MAX9260 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (24-BIT MODE)
MAX9259/60 toc06
MAX9260 SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (32-BIT MODE)
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-400.0mV
52.00ps/div
-250.0mV
52.00ps/div
-80
18.5
2% SPREAD
4% SPREAD
19.5
20.5
19.0
20.0
21.0
21.5
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-10
0% SPREAD
-20
-30
-40
-50
2% SPREAD
-80
39
40
41
4% SPREAD
42
43
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
Maxim Integrated
45
OPTIMUM PE/EQ
SETTINGS
80
60
NO PE, EQS = LOW
40
NO PE, EQS = HIGH
20
2% SPREAD
-80
44
100
-60
-70
-70
120
MAX9259/60 toc12
0.5% SPREAD
0% SPREAD
fPCLKOUT = 42MHz
FREQUENCY (MHz)
-10
0
MAXIMUM PCLKIN FREQUENCY vs.
STP CABLE LENGTH (BER < 10-9)
MAX9259/60 toc11
fPCLKOUT = 42MHz
OUTPUT POWER SPECTRUM
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY
(MAX9260 SPREAD ON, MAX9259 SPREAD OFF)
PCLKOUT OUTPUT POWER (dBm)
PCLKOUT OUTPUT POWER (dBm)
0
MAX9259/60 toc10
OUTPUT POWER SPECTRUM
vs. PCLKOUT FREQUENCY
(MAX9259 SPREAD ON, MAX9260 SPREAD OFF)
39
40
41
4% SPREAD
42
43
PCLKOUT FREQUENCY (MHz)
44
45
BER CAN BE < 10-12 FOR
CABLE LENGTHS LESS THAN 10m
0
0
5
10
15
20
CABLE LENGTH (m)
11
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
DOUT23
DOUT22
DOUT21
DOUT19
DOUT20
DOUT18
DOUT17
DOUT16
DOUT15
DOUT14
DOUT13
DOUT12
DOUT11
DOUT9
CDS
PWDN
RX/SDA
SSEN
TX/SCL
LMN1
AGND
OUT-
OUT+
AVDD
LMN0
LFLT
INT
DRS
BWS
ES
DOUT10
TOP VIEW
TOP VIEW
PCLKOUT
Pin Configurations
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
DIN0 49
32 MS
DOUT8 49
32 DOUT24
GND 50
31 GND
IOGND 50
31 IOGND
IOVDD 51
30 IOVDD
IOVDD 51
30 IOVDD
DIN1 52
29 AUTOS
DOUT7 52
29 DOUT25
DIN2 53
28 WS
DOUT6 53
28 DOUT26
DIN3 54
27 SCK
DOUT5 54
27 DOUT27
DIN4 55
26 SD
DOUT4 55
26 DOUT28/MCLK
DIN5 56
25 DIN28
DOUT3 56
24 DIN27
DOUT2 57
DIN7 58
23 DIN26
DOUT1 58
23 WS
DIN8 59
22 DIN25
DOUT0 59
22 LOCK
DIN9 60
21 DIN24
IOGND 60
21 IOGND
GND 61
20 GND
SSEN 61
19 DVDD
DRS 62
DIN10 63
18 AGND
AVDD 63
18 TX/SCL
DIN11 64
17 DIN23
AGND 64
17 RX/SDA
20 ERR
19 PWDN
DGND
MS
DVDD
DCS
GPIO1
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
EQS
9
AGND
8
IN-
ES
7
IN+
6
AVDD
5
GPIO0
4
INT
BWS
3
CDS
2
PWDN
RX/SDA
TQFP
(10mm × 10mm × 1mm)
TX/SCL
OUT-
OUT+
AVDD
LMN0
LFLT
INT
DRS
ES
BWS
1
ENABLE
DIN22
DIN21
DIN20
TQFP
(10mm × 10mm × 1mm)
TOP VIEW
24 SCK
EP*
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
DIN19
9
DIN18
8
DIN17
DIN15
7
AVDD
DIN14
6
AGND
DIN13
5
GND
4
IOVDD
3
PCLKIN
2
DIN16
1
DIN12
EP*
SSEN
DVDD 62
25 SD
MAX9260
LMN1
MAX9259
DIN6 57
42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29
28 CDS
DIN0 43
27 MS
IOVDD 44
DIN1 45
26 IOVDD
DIN2 46
25 AUTOS
DIN3 47
24 WS
DIN4 48
23 SCK
DIN5 49
22 SD
MAX9259
DIN6 50
21 DIN28
DIN7 51
20 DIN27
DIN8 52
19 DIN26
DIN9 53
18 DIN25
17 DIN24
DVDD 54
EP*
+
DIN10 55
16 DVDD
15 DIN23
6
7
8
9
DIN13
DIN14
DIN15
DIN16
PCLKIN
IOVDD
AVDD
DIN17
10 11 12 13 14
DIN22
5
DIN21
4
DIN20
3
DIN19
2
DIN18
1
DIN12
DIN11 56
TQFN/QFND
(8mm x 8mm x 0.75mm)
*CONNECT EP TO GROUND PLANE
12 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9259 Pin Description
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
TQFP
TQFN/QFND
1–5, 11–17,
21–25, 49,
52–60, 63,
64
1–5, 9–15,
17–21, 43,
45–53, 55,
56
DIN0–
DIN28
Data Input[0:28]. Parallel data inputs. All pins internally pulled down to GND. Selected
edge of PCLKIN latches input data. Set BWS = low (24-bit mode) to use DIN0–DIN20
(RGB and SYNC). DIN21–DIN28 are not used in 24-bit mode. Set BWS = high (32-bit
mode) to use DIN0–DIN28 (RGB, SYNC, and two extra inputs).
6
6
PCLKIN
Parallel Clock Input. Latches parallel data inputs and provides the PLL reference clock.
7, 30, 51
7, 26, 44
IOVDD
I/O Supply Voltage. 1.8V to 3.3V logic I/O power supply. Bypass IOVDD to GND with
0.1FF and 0.001FF capacitors as close as possible to the device with the smaller value
capacitor closest to IOVDD.
8, 20, 31,
50, 61
—
GND
9, 18, 39
—
AGND
Analog Ground
10, 42
8, 36
AVDD
1.8V Analog Power Supply. Bypass AVDD to AGND with 0.1FF and 0.001FF capacitors
as close as possible to the device with the smaller value capacitor closest to AVDD.
19, 62
16, 54
DVDD
1.8V Digital Power Supply. Bypass DVDD to GND with 0.1FF and 0.001FF capacitors as
close as possible to the device with the smaller value capacitor closest to DVDD.
26
22
SD
27
23
SCK
I2S Serial-Clock Input with Internal Pulldown to GND
28
24
WS
I2S Word-Select Input with Internal Pulldown to GND
29
25
AUTOS
32
27
MS
33
28
CDS
34
29
PWDN
35
30
RX/SDA
Maxim Integrated
Digital and I/O Ground
I2S Serial-Data Input with Internal Pulldown to GND. Disable I2S to use SD as an
additional data input latched on the selected edge of PCLKIN.
Autostart Setting. Active-low power-up mode selection input requires external pulldown
or pullup resistors. Set AUTOS = high to power up the device with no link active. Set
AUTOS = low to have the MAX9259 power up the serial link with autorange detection
(see Tables 11 and 12).
Mode Select. Control-link mode-selection input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set MS = low, to select base mode. Set MS = high to select the bypass mode.
Control-Direction Selection. Control-link-direction selection input requires external
pulldown or pullup resistors. Set CDS = low for FC use on the MAX9259 side of the
serial link. Set CDS = high for FC use on the MAX9260 side of the serial link.
Power-Down. Active-low power-down input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors.
Receive/Serial Data. UART receive or I2C serial-data input/output with internal 30kI
pullup to IOVDD. In UART mode, RX/SDA is the Rx input of the MAX9259’s UART. In I2C
mode, RX/SDA is the SDA input/output of the MAX9259’s I2C master.
13
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9259 Pin Description (continued)
PIN
TQFP
TQFN/QFND
36
31
NAME
FUNCTION
TX/SCL
Transmit/Serial Clock. UART transmit or I2C serial-clock output with internal 30kI
pullup to IOVDD. In UART mode, TX/SCL is the Tx output of the MAX9259’s UART. In
I2C mode, TX/SCL is the SCL output of the MAX9259’s I2C master.
37
32
SSEN
Spread-Spectrum Enable. Serial link spread-spectrum enable input requires external
pulldown or pullup resistors. The state of SSEN latches upon power-up or when
resuming from power-down mode (PWDN = low). Set SSEN = high for Q0.5% spread
spectrum on the serial link. Set SSEN = low to use the serial link without spread spectrum.
38
33
LMN1
Line-Fault Monitor Input 1 (see Figure 3 for details)
40, 41
34, 35
OUT-,
OUT+
Differential CML Output -/+. Differential outputs of the serial link.
43
37
LMN0
Line-Fault Monitor Input 0 (see Figure 3 for details)
44
38
LFLT
Line Fault. Active-low open-drain line-fault output with a 60kI internal pullup resistor.
LFLT = low indicates a line fault. LFLT is output high when PWDN = low.
45
39
INT
Interrupt Output to Indicate Remote Side Requests. INT = low upon power-up and when
PWDN = low. A transition on the INT input of the MAX9260 toggles the MAX9259’s INT
output.
Data-Rate Select. Data-rate range-selection input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set DRS = high for parallel input data rates of 8.33MHz to 16.66MHz (24-bit
mode) or 6.25MHz to 12.5MHz (32-bit mode). Set DRS = low for parallel input data rates
of 16.66MHz to 104MHz (24-bit mode) or 12.5MHz to 78MHz (32-bit mode).
14 46
40
DRS
47
41
ES
48
42
BWS
—
—
EP
Edge Select. PCLKIN trigger edge-selection input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set ES = low to trigger on the rising edge of PCLKIN. Set ES = high to trigger
on the falling edge of PCLKIN.
Bus-Width Select. Parallel input bus-width selection input requires external pulldown
or pullup resistors. Set BWS = low for 24-bit bus mode. Set BWS = high for 32-bit bus
mode.
Exposed Pad. EP internally connected to AGND (TQFP package) or AGND and GND
(TQFN package). MUST externally connect EP to the AGND plane to maximize thermal
and electrical performance.
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 Pin Description
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
1
ENABLE
Enable. Active-low parallel output-enable input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set ENABLE = low to enable PCLKOUT, SD, SCK, WS, and the parallel
outputs, DOUT_. Set ENABLE = high to put PCLKOUT, SD, SCK, WS, and DOUT_ to
high impedance.
2
BWS
Bus-Width Select. Parallel output bus-width selection input requires external pulldown
or pullup resistors. Set BWS = low for 24-bit bus mode. Set BWS = high for 32-bit bus
mode.
3
INT
Interrupt. Interrupt input requires external pulldown or pullup resistors. A transition on the
INT input of the MAX9260 toggles the MAX9259’s INT output.
4
CDS
Control-Direction Selection. Control-link-direction selection input requires external
pulldown or pullup resistors. Set CDS = low for FC use on the MAX9259 side of the
serial link. Set CDS = high for FC use on the MAX9260 side of the serial link.
5
GPIO0
6
ES
Edge Select. PCLKOUT edge-selection input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set ES = low for a rising-edge trigger. Set ES = high for a falling-edge trigger.
7, 63
AVDD
3.3V Analog Power Supply. Bypass AVDD to AGND with 0.1µF and 0.001µF capacitors
as close as possible to the device with the smallest value capacitor closest to AVDD.
8,9
IN+, IN-
10, 64
AGND
GPIO0. Open-drain general-purpose input/output with internal 60kI pullup resistors to
IOVDD. GPIO0 is high impedance during power-up and when PWDN = low.
Differential CML Input +/-. Differential inputs of the serial link.
Analog Ground
11
EQS
Equalizer Select. Deserializer equalizer-selection input requires external pulldown or
pullup resistors. The state of EQS latches upon power-up or rising edge of PWDN. Set
EQS = low for 10.7dB equalizer boost (EQTUNE = 1001). Set EQS = high for 5.2dB
equalizer boost (EQTUNE = 0100).
12
GPIO1
GPIO1. Open-drain general-purpose input/output with internal 60kI pullup resistors to
IOVDD. GPIO1 is high impedance during power-up and when PWDN = low.
DCS
Drive Current Select. Driver current-selection input requires external pulldown or
pullup resistors. Set DCS = high for stronger parallel data and clock output drivers. Set
DCS = low for normal parallel data and clock drivers (see the MAX9260 DC Electrical
Characteristics table).
13
14
MS
Mode Select. Control-link mode-selection/autostart mode selection input requires
external pulldown or pullup resistors. MS sets the control-link mode when CDS = high
(see the Control-Channel and Register Programming section). Set MS = low to select
base mode. Set MS = high to select the bypass mode. MS sets autostart mode when
CDS = low (see Tables 11 and 12).
15
DVDD
3.3V Digital Power Supply. Bypass DVDD to DGND with 0.1FF and 0.001FF capacitors
as close as possible to the device with the smaller value capacitor closest to DVDD.
16
DGND
Digital Ground
17
RX/SDA
Maxim Integrated
Receive/Serial Data. UART receive or I2C serial-data input/output with internal 30kI
pullup to IOVDD. In UART mode, RX/SDA is the Rx input of the MAX9260’s UART. In I2C
mode, RX/SDA is the SDA input/output of the MAX9259’s I2C master.
15
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
MAX9260 Pin Description (continued)
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
18
TX/SCL
Transmit/Serial Clock. UART transmit or I2C serial-clock output with internal 30kI
pullup to IOVDD. In UART mode, TX/SCL is the Tx output of the MAX9259’s UART. In I2C
mode, TX/SCL is the SCL output of the MAX9260’s I2C master.
19
PWDN
Power-Down. Active-low power-down input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors.
Error. Active-low open-drain video data error output with internal pullup to IOVDD.
ERR goes low when the number of decoding errors during normal operation exceed a
programmed error threshold or when at least one PRBS error is detected during PRBS
test. ERR is output high when PWDN = low.
20
ERR
21, 31, 50, 60
IOGND
Input/Output Ground
LOCK
Open-Drain Lock Output with Internal Pullup to IOVDD. LOCK = high indicates PLLs
are locked with correct serial-word-boundary alignment. LOCK = low indicates PLLs are
not locked or incorrect serial-word-boundary alignment. LOCK remains low when the
configuration link is active. LOCK is output high when PWDN = low.
22
23
WS
Word Select. I2S word-select output.
24
SCK
Serial Clock. I2S serial-clock output
25
SD
Serial Data. I2S serial-data output. Disable I2S to use SD as an additional data output
latched on the selected edge of PCLKOUT.
26–29, 32–40,
42–49, 52–59
DOUT0–
DOUT27,
DOUT28/MCLK
Data Output[0:28]. Parallel data outputs. Output data can be strobed on the selected
edge of PCLKOUT. Set BWS = low (24-bit mode) to use DOUT0–DOUT20 (RGB and
SYNC). DOUT21–DOUT28 are not used in 24-bit mode and are set to low. Set BWS =
high (32-bit mode) to use DOUT0–DOUT28 (RGB, SYNC, and two extra outputs).
DOUT28 can be used to output MCLK (see the Additional MCLK Output for Audio
Applications section).
30, 51
IOVDD
41
PCLKOUT
Parallel Clock Output. Used for DOUT0–DOUT28.
SSEN
Spread-Spectrum Enable. Parallel output spread-spectrum enable input requires
external pulldown or pullup resistors. The state of SSEN latches upon power-up or when
resuming from power-down mode (PWDN = low). Set SSEN = high for Q2% spread
spectrum on the parallel outputs. Set SSEN = low to use the parallel outputs without
spread spectrum.
62
DRS
Data-Rate Select. Data-rate range-selection input requires external pulldown or pullup
resistors. Set DRS = high for parallel input data rates of 8.33MHz to 16.66MHz (24-bit
mode) or 6.25MHz to 12.5MHz (32-bit mode). Set DRS = low for parallel input data rates
of 16.66MHz to 104MHz (24-bit mode) or 12.5MHz to 78MHz (32-bit mode).
—
EP
61
16 1.8V to 3.3V Logic I/O Power Supply. Bypass IOVDD to IOGND with 0.1FF and 0.001FF
capacitors as close as possible to the device with the smaller value capacitor closest to
IOVDD.
Exposed Pad. EP internally connected to AGND. MUST externally connect EP to the
AGND plane to maximize thermal and electrical performance.
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Functional Diagram
LFLT
PCLKIN
FILTER
PLL
SPREAD
PLL
LINEFAULT
DET
CLKDIV
DIN[N:0]
8B/10B
ENCODE
PARITY
FIFO
P
S
LMN0
LMN1
CML
Tx
OUT+
WS, SD, SCK
AUDIO
FIFO
PRBS
GEN
TX/SCL
RX/SDA
TERM
MAX9259
OUT-
REV CH
Rx
UART/I2C
SERIALIZER
SPREAD
PLL
CDR
PLL
PCLKOUT
STP CABLE
(Z0 = 50)
EQ
CLKDIV
DOUT[N:0]
8B/10B
DECODE
PARITY
FIFO
P
S
CML
Rx
IN-
WS, SD, SCK
TX/SCL
RX/SDA
AUDIO
FIFO
PRBS
CHECK
MAX9260
UART/I2C
TERM
IN+
REV CH
Tx
DESERIALIZER
Maxim Integrated
17
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
RL/2
OUT+
VOD
VOS
OUT-
RL/2
GND
((OUT+) + (OUT-))/2
OUTVOS(+)
VOS(-)
VOS(-)
OUT+
DVOS = |VOS(+) - VOS(-)|
VOD(+)
VOD = 0V
VOD(-)
VOD(-)
DVOD = |VOD(+) - VOD(-)|
(OUT+) - (OUT-)
Figure 1. MAX9259 Serial Output Parameters
OUT+
VOD(P)
VOS
VOD(D)
OUT-
SERIAL-BIT
TIME
Figure 2. Output Waveforms at OUT+ and OUT-
18 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
1.7V TO 1.9V
MAX9259
45.3kI*
45.3kI*
LMN0
LMN1
OUTPUT
LOGIC
(OUT+)
4.99kI*
OUT+
4.99kI*
TWISTED PAIR
OUT49.9kI*
LFLT
1.5V
0.5V
49.9kI*
CONNECTORS
2.1V
REFERENCE
VOLTAGE
GENERATOR
OUTPUT
LOGIC
(OUT-)
*Q1% TOLERANCE
Figure 3. Fault-Detector Circuit
PCLKIN
DIN_
NOTE: PCLKIN PROGRAMMED FOR RISING LATCH EDGE.
Figure 4. MAX9259 Worst-Case Pattern Input
Maxim Integrated
19
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
tT
VIH MIN
tHIGH
PCLKIN
VIL MAX
tR
tF
tLOW
Figure 5. MAX9259 Parallel Input Clock Requirements
START
CONDITION
(S)
PROTOCOL
BIT 7
MSB
(A7)
tLOW
tSU;STA
BIT 6
(A6)
tHIGH
BIT 0
(R/W)
ACKNOWLEDGE
(A)
STOP
CONDITION
(P)
1/fSCL
VIOVDD x 0.7
SCL
VIOVDD x 0.3
tBUF
tr
tSP
tf
VIOVDD x 0.7
SDA
VIOVDD x 0.3
tHD;STA
tSU;DAT
tHD;DAT
tVD;DAT
tVD;ACK
tSU;STO
Figure 6. I2C Timing Parameters
800mV
t TSOJ1
2
t TSOJ1
2
Figure 7. Differential Output Template
20 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
VIH MIN
PCLKIN
VIL MAX
tSET
tHOLD
VIH MIN
VIH MIN
VIL MAX
VIL MAX
DIN_
NOTE: PCLKIN PROGRAMMED FOR RISING LATCHING EDGE.
Figure 8. MAX9259 Input Setup-and-Hold Times
EXPANDED TIME SCALE
DIN_
N
N+1
N+3
N+2
N+4
PCLKIN
N-1
N
OUT+/tSD
FIRST BIT
LAST BIT
Figure 9. MAX9259 Serializer Delay
Maxim Integrated
21
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
PCLKIN
tLOCK
350Fs
SERIAL LINK INACTIVE
SERIAL LINK ACTIVE
REVERSE CONTROL CHANNEL
ENABLED
REVERSE CONTROL CHANNEL
AVAILABLE
CHANNEL
DISABLED
PWDN MUST BE HIGH
Figure 10. MAX9259 Link Startup Time
PCLKIN
VIH1
PWDN
tPU
POWERED DOWN
POWERED UP,
SERIAL LINK INACTIVE
POWERED UP, SERIAL LINK ACTIVE
350µs
REVERSE CONTROL
CHANNEL DISABLED
REVERSE CONTROL
CHANNEL ENABLED
REVERSE CONTROL
CHANNEL DISABLED
REVERSE CONTROL
CHANNEL ENABLED
Figure 11. MAX9259 Power-Up Delay
WS
tHOLD
tSCK
tSET
tLC
SCK
tHOLD
tSET
tHC
SD
Figure 12. MAX9259 Input I2S Timing Parameters
22 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
RL/2
IN+
MAX9260
VOD
REVERSE
CONTROL-CHANNEL
TRANSMITTER
IN-
VCMR
RL/2
IN+
IN-
IN-
IN+
VCMR
VROH
0.9 x VROH
0.1 x VROH
(IN+) - (IN-)
0.1 x VROL
tR
0.9 x VROL
VROL
tF
Figure 13. MAX9260 Reverse Control-Channel Output Parameters
RL/2
IN+
VIN+
PCLKOUT
VID(P)
RL/2
IN-
_
+
_
VIN-
+
_
CIN
CIN
DOUT_
NOTE: PCLKOUT PROGRAMMED FOR RISING LATCH EDGE.
VID(P) = | VIN+ - VIN- |
VCMR = (VIN+ + VIN-)/2
Figure 14. MAX9260 Test Circuit for Differential Input Measurement
Maxim Integrated
Figure 15. MAX9260 Worst-Case Pattern Output
23
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
tT
VOH MIN
tHIGH
PCLKOUT
VOL MAX
tLOW
Figure 16. MAX9260 Clock Output High-and-Low Times
CL
MAX9260
SINGLE-ENDED OUTPUT LOAD
0.8 x VI0VCC
0.2 x VI0VCC
tR
tF
Figure 17. MAX9260 Output Rise-and-Fall Times
SERIAL-WORD LENGTH
SERIAL WORD N
SERIAL WORD N+1
SERIAL WORD N+2
IN+/FIRST BIT
DOUT_
LAST BIT
PARALLEL WORD N-1
PARALLEL WORD N-2
PARALLEL WORD N
PCLKOUT
tSD
NOTE: PCLKOUT PROGRAMMED FOR RISING LATCHING EDGE.
Figure 18. MAX9260 Deserializer Delay
24 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
IN+ - IN-
tLOCK
LOCK
VOH
PWDN MUST BE HIGH
Figure 19. MAX9260 Lock Time
IN+/-
VIH1
PWDN
tPU
LOCK
VOH
Figure 20. MAX9260 Power-Up Delay
WS
tDVA
tR
tDVB
SCK
tDVB
tDVA
tF
SD
Figure 21. MAX9260 Output I2S Timing Parameters
Maxim Integrated
25
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Detailed Description
The MAX9259/MAX9260 chipset presents Maxim’s
GMSL technology. The MAX9259 serializer pairs with the
MAX9260 deserializer to form a complete digital serial
link for joint transmission of high-speed video, audio,
and control data for video-display or image-sensing
applications. The serial-payload data rate can reach up
to 2.5Gbps for a 15m STP cable. The parallel interface
is programmable for 24-bit or 32-bit width modes at the
maximum bus clock of 104MHz or 78MHz, respectively.
The minimum bus clock is 6.25MHz for the 32-bit mode
and 8.33MHz for the 24-bit mode. With such a flexible
data configuration, the GMSL is able to support XGA
(1280 x 768) or dual-view WVGA (2 x 854 x 480) display
panels. For image sensing, it supports three 10-bit camera links simultaneously with a pixel clock up to 78MHz.
The 24-bit mode handles 21-bit data and control signals
plus an I2S audio signal. The 32-bit mode handles 29-bit
data and control signals plus an I2S audio signal. Any
combination and sequence of color video data, video
sync, and control signals make up the 21-bit or 29-bit
parallel data on DIN_ and DOUT_. The I2S port supports
the sampled audio data at a rate from 8kHz to 192kHz
and the audio word length of anywhere between 4 to
32 bits. The embedded control channel forms a UART
link between the serializer and deserializer. The UART
link can be set to half-duplex mode or full-duplex mode
depending on the application. The GMSL supports
UART rates from 100kbps to 1Mbps. Using this control
link, a host ECU or FC communicates with the serializer
and deserializer, as well as the peripherals in the remote
26 side, such as backlight control, grayscale gamma correction, camera module, and touch screen. All serial
communication (forward and reverse) uses differential
signaling. The peripheral programming uses I2C format
or the default GMSL UART format. A separate bypass
mode enables communication using a full-duplex, userdefined UART format. The control link between the
MAX9259 and MAX9260 allows FC connectivity to either
device or peripherals to support video-display or imagesensing applications.
The AC-coupled serial link uses 8B/10B coding. The
MAX9259 serializer features a programmable driver
preemphasis and the MAX9260 deserializer features
a programmable channel equalizer to extend the link
length and enhance the link reliability. Both devices have
a programmable spread-spectrum feature for reducing
EMI on the serial link output (MAX9259) and parallel data
outputs (MAX9260). The differential serial link input and
output pins comply with the ISO 10605 and IEC 610004-2 ESD-protection standards. The core supplies for the
MAX9259/MAX9260 are 1.8V and 3.3V, respectively.
Both devices use an I/O supply from 1.8V to 3.3V
Register Mapping
The FC configures various operating conditions of the
GMSL through registers in the MAX9259/MAX9260.
The default device addresses stored in the R0 and
R1 registers of the MAX9259/MAX9260 are 0x80 and
0x90, respectively. Write to the R0/R1 registers in both
devices to change the device address of the MAX9259
or MAX9260.
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Parallel Inputs and Outputs
The parallel bus uses two selectable bus widths, 24
bits and 32 bits. BWS selects the bus width according
to Table 1. In 24-bit mode, DIN21–DIN28 are not used
and are internally pulled down. For both modes, SD,
SCK, and WS pins are dedicated for I2S audio data. The
assignments of the first 21 or 29 signals are interchangeable and appear in the same order at both sides of the
serial link. In image-sensing applications, disabling the
I2S audio channel (through the MAX9259 and MAX9260
internal registers) allows the MAX9259 to serialize three
10-bit camera data streams through DIN[0:28] plus SD
inputs. The parallel bus accepts data clock rates from
8.33MHz to 104MHz for the 24-bit mode and 6.25MHz to
78MHz for the 32-bit mode.
Serial Link Signaling and Data Format
The MAX9259 high-speed data serial output uses
CML signaling with programmable preemphasis and
AC-coupling. The MAX9260 high-speed receiver uses
AC-coupling and programmable channel equalization.
Together, the GMSL operates at up to 3.125Gbps over
STP cable lengths up to 15m.
The serializer scrambles and encodes the parallel input
bits, and sends the 8B/10B coded signal through the
serial link. The deserializer recovers the embedded
serial clock and then samples, decodes, and descrambles the data onto the parallel output bus. Figures 22
and 23 show the serial-data packet format prior to
scrambling and 8B/10B coding. For the 24-bit or 32-bit
mode, the first 21 or 29 serial bits come from DIN[20:0]
or DIN[28:0], respectively. The audio channel bit (ACB)
contains an encoded audio signal derived from the three
I2S inputs (SD, SCK, and WS). The forward control channel (FCC) bit carries the forward control data. The last bit
(PCB) is the parity bit of the previous 23 or 31 bits.
Reverse Control Channel
The MAX9259/MAX9260 use the reverse control channel
to send I2C/UART and interrupt signals in the opposite
direction of the video stream from the deserializer to
the serializer. The reverse control channel and forward
video data coexist on the same twisted pair forming a
bidirectional link. The reverse control channel operates
independently from the forward control channel. The
reverse control channel is available 500Fs after powerup. The MAX9259 temporarily disables the reverse control channel for 350Fs after starting/stopping the forward
serial link.
Table 1. Bus-Width Selection Using BWS
BWS INPUT STATE
BUS WIDTH
PARALLEL BUS SIGNALS USED
Low
24
DIN[0:20]/DOUT[0:20], WS, SCK, SD
High
32
DIN[0:28]/DOUT[0:28], WS, SCK, SD
24 BITS
DIN0
DIN1
32 BITS
DIN17 DIN18 DIN19 DIN20
18-BIT
RGB
DATA
HSYNC,
VSYNC,
DE
ACB
FCC
PCB
FORWARD
CONTROLCHANNEL BIT
Figure 22. 24-Bit Mode Serial Link Data Format
Maxim Integrated
PACKET
PARITY
CHECK BIT
DIN23 DIN24 DIN25 DIN26 DIN27 DIN28 ACB FCC
PCB
ADDITIONAL AUDIO
VIDEO CHANNEL
DATA/
BIT
CONTROL
FORWARD
BITS
CONTROLCHANNEL
BIT
PACKET
NOTE: LOCATIONS OF THE RGB DATA AND CONTROL SIGNALS ARE
PARITY
INTERCHANGEABLE ACCORDINGLY ON BOTH SIDES OF THE LINK.
CHECK BIT
24-BIT
RGB DATA
AUDIO
CHANNEL BIT
NOTE: LOCATIONS OF THE RGB DATA AND CONTROL SIGNALS ARE
INTERCHANGEABLE ACCORDINGLY ON BOTH SIDES OF THE LINK.
DIN0 DIN1
HSYNC,
VSYNC,
DE
Figure 23. 32-Bit Mode Serial Link Data Format
27
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 2. Maximum Audio Sampling Rates for Various PCLK_ Frequencies
PCLK_ FREQUENCY
(DRS = LOW)
(MHz)
WORD LENGTH
(Bits)
12.5
15
16.6
> 20
6.25
7.5
8.33
> 10
8
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
16
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
> 192
18
185.5
> 192
> 192
> 192
185.5
> 192
> 192
> 192
20
174.6
> 192
> 192
> 192
174.6
> 192
> 192
> 192
24
152.2
182.7
> 192
> 192
152.2
182.7
> 192
> 192
32
123.7
148.4
164.3
> 192
123.7
148.4
164.3
> 192
Parallel Data-Rate Selection
The MAX9259/MAX9260 use the DRS inputs to set the
parallel data rate. Set DRS high to use a low-speed parallel data rate in the range of 6.25MHz to 12.5MHz (32-bit
mode) or 8.33MHz to 16.66MHz (24-bit mode). Set DRS
low for normal operation with parallel data rates higher
than 12.5MHz (32-bit mode) or 16.66MHz (24-bit mode).
Audio Channel
The I2S audio channel supports audio sampling rates
from 8kHz to 192kHz and audio word lengths from 4 bits
to 32 bits. The audio bit clock (SCK) does not need to be
synchronized with PCLKIN. The MAX9259 automatically
encodes audio data into a single bit stream synchronous
with PCLKIN. The MAX9260 decodes the audio stream
and stores audio words in a FIFO. Audio rate detection
uses an internal oscillator to continuously determine the
audio data rate and output the audio in I2S format. The
audio channel is enabled by default. When the audio
channel is disabled, the SD pins on both sides are
treated as a regular parallel data pin.
PCLK_ frequencies can limit the maximum supported
audio sampling rate. Table 2 lists the maximum audio
sampling rate for various PCLK_ frequencies. Spreadspectrum settings do not affect the I2S data rate or WS
clock frequency.
28 PCLK_ FREQUENCY
(DRS = HIGH)
(MHz)
Additional MCLK Output
for Audio Applications
Some audio DACs such as the MAX9850 do not require
a synchronous main clock (MCLK), while other DACs
require MCLK to be a specific multiple of WS. If an audio
DAC chip needs the MCLK to be a multiple of WS, synchronize the I2S audio data with PCLK_ of the GMSL,
which is typical for most applications. Select the PCLK_
to be the multiple of WS, or use a clock synthesis chip,
such as the MAX9491, to regenerate the required MCLK
from PCLK_ or SCK.
For audio applications that cannot directly use the
PCLKOUT output, the MAX9260 provides a divided
MCLK output on DOUT28 at the expense of one less
parallel line in 32-bit mode (24-bit mode is not affected).
By default, DOUT28 operates as a parallel data output
and MCLK is turned off. Set MCLKDIV (MAX9260 register 0x12, D[6:0]) to a non-zero value to enable the MCLK
output. Set MCLKDIV to 0x00 to disable MCLK and set
DOUT28 as a parallel data output.
The output MCLK frequency is:
fMCLK =
fSRC
MCLKDIV
where fSRC is the MCLK source frequency (Table 3) and
MCLKDIV is the divider ratio from 1 to 127.
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 3. MAX9260 fSRC Settings
MCLKSRC SETTING
(REGISTER 0x12, D7)
DATA-RATE SETTING
High speed
0
Low speed
1
—
BIT-WIDTH SETTING
MCLK SOURCE FREQUENCY
(fSRC)
24-bit mode
3 x fPCLKOUT
32-bit mode
4 x fPCLKOUT
24-bit mode
6 x fPCLKOUT
8 x fPCLKOUT
32-bit mode
—
Internal oscillator
(120MHz typ)
Choose MCLKDIV values so that fMCLK is not greater
than 60MHz. MCLK frequencies derived from PCLK_
(MCLKSRC = 0) are not affected by spread-spectrum
settings in the deserializer (MAX9260). Enabling spread
spectrum in the serializer (MAX9259), however, introduces spread spectrum into MCLK. Spread-spectrum
settings of either device do not affect MCLK frequencies
derived from the internal oscillator. The internal oscillator frequency ranges from 100MHz to 150MHz over all
process corners and operating conditions.
MAX9259 or MAX9260 to I2C. The converted I2C bit rate
is the same as the original UART bit rate.
Control-Channel and Register Programming
The MAX9259 embeds control signals going to the
MAX9260 in the high-speed forward link. Do not send
a low value longer than 100Fs in either base or bypass
mode. The MAX9260 uses a proprietary differential line
coding to send signals back towards the MAX9259. The
speed of the control link ranges from 100kbps to 1Mbps
in both directions. The MAX9259/MAX9260 automatically
detect the control-channel bit rate in base mode. Packet
bit rates can vary up to 3.5x from the previous bit rate
(see the Changing the Data Frequency section). Figure
24 shows the UART protocol for writing and reading in
base mode between the FC and the MAX9259/MAX9260.
The FC uses the control link to send and receive control
data over the STP link simultaneously with the high-speed
data. Configuring the CDS pin allows the FC to control the
link from either the MAX9259 or the MAX9260 side to support video-display or image-sensing applications.
The control link between the FC and the MAX9259 or
MAX9260 runs in base mode or bypass mode according to the mode selection (MS) input of the device connected to the FC. Base mode is a half-duplex control link
and the bypass mode is a full-duplex control link. In base
mode, the FC is the host and accesses the registers of
both the MAX9259 and MAX9260 from either side of the
link by using the GMSL UART protocol. The FC can also
program the peripherals on the remote side by sending
the UART packets to the MAX9259 or MAX9260, with
UART packets converted to I2C by the device on the
remote side of the link (MAX9260 for LCD or MAX9259
for image-sensing applications). The FC communicates
with a UART peripheral in base mode (through INTTYPE
register settings) using the half-duplex default GMSL
UART protocol of the MAX9259 and MAX9260. The
device addresses of the MAX9259 and MAX9260 in the
base mode are programmable. The default values are
0x80 and 0x90, respectively.
In base mode, when the peripheral interface uses I2C
(default), the MAX9259/MAX9260 only convert packets
that have device addresses different from those of the
Maxim Integrated
In bypass mode, the FC bypasses the MAX9259/
MAX9260 and communicates with the peripherals directly using its own defined UART protocol. The FC cannot
access the MAX9259/MAX9260’s registers in this mode.
Peripherals accessed through the forward control channel using the UART interface need to handle at least one
PCLK_ period of jitter due to the asynchronous sampling
of the UART signal by PCLK_.
Figure 25 shows the UART data format. Even parity is
used. Figures 26 and 27 detail the formats of the SYNC
byte (0x79) and ACK byte (0xC3). The FC and the connected slave chip generate the SYNC byte and ACK byte,
respectively. Certain events such as device wake-up and
interrupt generate signals on the control path and should
be ignored by the FC. All data written to the internal registers do not take affect until after the acknowledge byte
is sent. This allows the FC to verify that write commands
are processed without error, even if the result of the write
command directly affects the serial link. The slave uses
the SYNC byte to synchronize with the host UART data
rate automatically. If the INT or MS inputs of the MAX9260
toggles while there is control-channel communication,
the control-channel communication can be corrupted.
In the event of a missed acknowledge, the FC should
29
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
WRITE DATA FORMAT
SYNC
DEV ADDR + R/W
REG ADDR
NUMBER OF BYTES
BYTE 1
BYTE N
ACK
MASTER WRITES TO SLAVE
MASTER READS FROM SLAVE
READ DATA FRMAT
SYNC
DEV ADDR + R/W
REG ADDR
NUMBER OF BYTES
MASTER WRITES TO SLAVE
ACK
BYTE 1
BYTE N
MASTER READS FROM SLAVE
Figure 24. UART Protocol for Base Mode
1 UART FRAME
START
D0
D1
D2
D3
FRAME 1
D4
D5
D6
D7
PARITY
FRAME 2
STOP
STOP
FRAME 3
START
STOP
START
BASE MODE USES EVEN PARITY
Figure 25. UART Data Format for Base Mode
START
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
PARITY STOP
Figure 26. SYNC Byte (0x79)
assume there was an error in the packet transmission or
response. In base mode, the FC must keep the UART Tx/
Rx lines high no more than four bit times between bytes
in a packet. Keep the UART Tx/Rx lines high for at least
16 bit times before starting to send a new packet.
As shown in Figure 28, the remote-side device converts
the packets going to or coming from the peripherals from
the UART format to the I2C format and vice versa. The
remote device removes the byte number count and adds
or receives the ACK between the data bytes of I2C. The
I2C’s data rate is the same as the UART data rate.
30 START
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
PARITY STOP
Figure 27. ACK Byte (0xC3)
Interfacing Command-Byte-Only
I2C Devices
The MAX9259/MAX9260 UART-to-I2C conversion interfaces with devices that do not require register addresses, such as the MAX7324 GPIO expander. Change the
communication method of the I2C master using the
I2CMETHOD bit. I2CMETHOD = 1 sets command-byteonly mode, while I2CMETHOD = 0 sets normal mode
where the first byte in the data stream is the register
address. In this mode, the I2C master ignores the register address byte and directly reads/writes the subsequent data bytes (Figure 29).
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
UART-TO-I2C CONVERSION OF WRITE PACKET (I2CMETHOD = 0)
MAX9259/MAX9260
FC
11
SYNC FRAME
11
DEVICE ID + WR
MAX9259/MAX9260
11
REGISTER ADDRESS
11
NUMBER OF BYTES
11
DATA 0
11
DATA N
11
ACK FRAME
PERIPHERAL
1
S
7
DEV ID
1 1
W A
8
REG ADDR
8
DATA 0
1
A
1
A
8
DATA N
1 1
A P
UART-TO-I2C CONVERSION OF READ PACKET (I2CMETHOD = 0)
MAX9259/MAX9260
FC
11
SYNC FRAME
11
DEVICE ID + RD
MAX9259/MAX9260
11
REGISTER ADDRESS
11
NUMBER OF BYTES
11
ACK FRAME
11
DATA 0
11
DATA N
PERIPHERAL
1
S
7
DEV ID
8
REG ADDR
1 1
W A
1 1
A S
: SLAVE TO MASTER
: MASTER TO SLAVE
7
DEV ID
1 1
R A
S: START
8
DATA 0
P: STOP
1
A
8
DATA N
1 1
A P
A: ACKNOWLEDGE
Figure 28. Format Conversion between UART and I2C with Register Address (I2CMETHOD = 0)
UART-TO-I2C CONVERSION OF WRITE PACKET (I2CMETHOD = 1)
FC
11
SYNC FRAME
MAX9259/MAX9260
11
DEVICE ID + WR
MAX9259/MAX9260
FC
11
REGISTER ADDRESS
PERIPHERAL
1
7
S DEV ID
11
NUMBER OF BYTES
11
DATA N
1 1
W A
8
DATA 0
UART-TO-I2C CONVERSION OF READ PACKET (I2CMETHOD = 1)
MAX9259/MAX9260
11
11
11
SYNC FRAME
DEVICE ID + RD
REGISTER ADDRESS
MAX9259/MAX9260
11
DATA 0
11
NUMBER OF BYTES
11
ACK FRAME
11
ACK FRAME
1
A
8
DATA N
11
DATA 0
1 1
A P
11
DATA N
PERIPHERAL
1
S
: MASTER TO SLAVE
: SLAVE TO MASTER
7
DEV ID
S: START
1 1
R A
8
DATA 0
P: STOP
1
A
8
DATA N
1 1
A P
A: ACKNOWLEDGE
Figure 29. Format Conversion between UART and I2C in Command-Byte-Only Mode (I2CMETHOD = 1)
Maxim Integrated
31
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 4. MAX9259 CML Driver Strength (Default Level, CMLLVL = 11)
PREEMPHASIS LEVEL
(dB)*
PREEMPHASIS SETTING
(0x05, D[3:0])
ICML
(mA)
IPRE
(mA)
-6.0
0100
12
-4.1
0011
-2.5
0010
-1.2
SINGLE-ENDED VOLTAGE SWING
MAX
(mV)
MIN
(mV)
4
400
200
13
3
400
250
14
2
400
300
0001
15
1
400
350
0
0000
16
0
400
400
1.1
1000
16
1
425
375
2.2
1001
16
2
450
350
3.3
1010
16
3
475
325
4.4
1011
16
4
500
300
6.0
1100
15
5
500
250
8.0
1101
14
6
500
200
10.5
1110
13
7
500
150
14.0
1111
12
8
500
100
*Negative preemphasis levels denote deemphasis.
Interrupt Control
The INT of the MAX9259 is the interrupt output and the
INT of the MAX9260 is the interrupt input. The interrupt
output on the MAX9259 follows the transitions at the
interrupt input of the MAX9260. This interrupt function
supports remote-side functions such as touch-screen
peripherals, remote power-up, or remote monitoring.
Interrupts that occur during periods where the reverse
control channel is disabled, such as link startup/shutdown, are automatically resent once the reverse control
channel becomes available again. Bit D4 of register
0x06 in the MAX9260 also stores the interrupt input state.
Writing to the SETINT register bit also sets the INT output
of the MAX9259. In addition, the FC sets the INT output
of the MAX9259 by writing to the SETINT register bit. In
normal operation, the state of the interrupt output changes when the interrupt input on the MAX9260 toggles.
Preemphasis Driver
The serial line driver in the MAX9259 employs currentmode logic (CML) signaling. The driver generates
an adjustable preemphasized waveform according to
the cable length and characteristics. There are 13
preemphasis settings, as shown in Table 4. Negative
32 preemphasis levels are deemphasis levels in which the
preemphasized swing level is the same as normal swing,
but the no-transition data is deemphasized. Program the
preemphasis levels through register 0x05 D[3:0] of the
MAX9259. This preemphasis function compensates the
high-frequency loss of the cable and enables reliable
transmission over longer link distances. Additionally, a
lower power drive mode can be entered by programming CMLLVL bits (0x05 D[5:4]) to reduce the driver
strength down to 75% (CMLLVL = 10), or 50% (CMLLVL
= 01) from 100% (CMLLVL = 11, default).
Line Equalizer
The MAX9260 includes an adjustable line equalizer to
further compensate cable attenuation at high frequencies. The cable equalizer has 11 selectable levels of
compensation from 2.1dB to 13dB (Table 5). The EQS
input selects the default equalization level at power-up.
The state of EQS is latched upon power-up or when
resuming from power-down mode. To select other
equalization levels, set the corresponding register bits
in the MAX9260 (0x05 D[3:0]). Use equalization in the
MAX9260, together with preemphasis in the MAX9259 to
create the most reliable link for a given cable.
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 5. MAX9260 Cable Equalizer Boost
Levels
BOOST SETTING
(0x05 D[3:0])
TYPICAL BOOST GAIN (dB)
0000
2.1
0001
2.8
0010
3.4
0011
4.2
0100
5.2
Power-up default
(EQS = high)
0101
6.2
0110
7
0111
8.2
1000
9.4
1001
10.7
Power-up default
(EQS = low)
1010
11.7
1011
13
Spread Spectrum
To reduce the EMI generated by the transitions on the
serial link and parallel outputs, both the MAX9259 and
MAX9260 support spread spectrum. Turning on spread
spectrum on the MAX9260 spreads the parallel video
outputs. Turning on spread spectrum on the MAX9259
spreads the serial link, along with the MAX9260 parallel
outputs. Do not enable spread spectrum for both the
MAX9259 and MAX9260. The six selectable spreadspectrum rates at the MAX9259 serial output are Q0.5%,
Q1%, Q1.5%, Q2%, Q3%, and Q4% (Table 6). Some
spread-spectrum rates can only be used at lower PCLK_
frequencies (Table 7). There is no PCLK_ frequency limit
for the 0.5% spread rate. The two selectable spreadspectrum rates at the MAX9260 parallel outputs are Q2%
and Q4% (Table 8).
Set the MAX9259 SSEN input high to select 0.5% spread
at power-up and SSEN input low to select no spread at
power-up. Set the MAX9260 SSEN input high to select
2% spread at power-up and SSEN input low to select no
spread at power-up. The state of SSEN is latched upon
power-up or when resuming from power-down mode.
Whenever the MAX9259 spread spectrum is turned on
Table 6. Serial Output Spread
SS
SPREAD (%)
000
No spread spectrum. Power-up default when SSEN = low.
001
Q0.5% spread spectrum. Power-up default when SSEN = high.
010
Q1.5% spread spectrum
011
Q2% spread spectrum
100
No spread spectrum
101
Q1% spread spectrum
110
Q3% spread spectrum
111
Q4% spread spectrum
Table 7. MAX9259 Spread-Spectrum Rate Limitations
24-BIT MODE PCLKIN
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
32-BIT MODE PCLKIN
FREQUENCY
(MHz)
SERIAL LINK BIT RATE
(Mbps)
AVAILABLE SPREAD RATES
< 33.3
< 25
< 1000
All rates available
33.3 to < 66.7
20 to < 50
1000 to < 2000
1.5%, 1.0%, 0.5%
66.7+
50+
2000+
0.5%
Maxim Integrated
33
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 8. MAX9260 Parallel Output Spread
SS
SPREAD (%)
00
No spread spectrum. Power-up default when SSEN = low.
01
Q2% spread spectrum. Power-up default when SSEN = high.
10
No spread spectrum
11
Q4% spread spectrum
Table 9. MAX9259 Modulation Coefficients and Maximum SDIV Settings
BIT-WIDTH MODE
SPREAD-SPECTRUM
SETTING (%)
MODULATION COEFFICIENT
(decimal)
SDIV UPPER LIMIT (decimal)
32-Bit
24-Bit
1
104
40
0.5
104
63
3
152
27
1.5
152
54
4
204
15
2
204
30
1
80
52
0.5
80
63
3
112
37
1.5
112
63
4
152
21
2
152
42
Table 10. MAX9260 Modulation Coefficients and Maximum SDIV Settings
SPREAD-SPECTRUM SETTING (%)
MODULATION COEFFICIENT (decimal)
SDIV UPPER LIMIT (decimal)
4
208
15
2
208
30
or off, the serial link automatically restarts and remains
unavailable while the MAX9260 relocks to the serial data.
Manual Programming of the SpreadSpectrum Divider
Turning on spread spectrum on either the MAX9259 or
MAX9260 side does not affect the audio data stream.
Changes in the MAX9259 spread settings only affect
MCLK output if it is derived from PCLK_ (MCLKSRC = 0).
The modulation rates for the MAX9259 or the MAX9260
relate to the PCLK_ frequency as follows:
Both devices include a sawtooth divider to control the
spread-modulation rate. Autodetection or manual programming of the PCLK_ operation range guarantees a
spread-spectrum modulation frequency within 20kHz to
40kHz. Additionally, manual configuration of the sawtooth divider (SDIV, 0x03 D[5:0]) allows the user to set a
specific modulation frequency for a specific PCLK_ rate.
Always keep the modulation frequency between 20kHz
to 40kHz to ensure proper operation.
where:
34 fM=
(1 + DRS)
fPCLK_
MOD × SDIV
fM = Modulation frequency
DRS = DRS pin input value (0 or 1)
fPCLK_ = Parallel clock frequency (12.5MHz to 104MHz)
MOD = Modulation coefficient given in Table 9 for the
MAX9259 and Table 10 for the MAX9260
SDIV = 6-bit (MAX9259) or 5-bit (MAX9260) SDIV setting,
manually programmed by the FC
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
To program the SDIV setting, first look up the modulation
coefficient according to the part number and desired
bit-width and spread-spectrum settings. Solve the above
equation for SDIV using the desired parallel clock and
modulation frequencies. If the calculated SDIV value is
larger than the maximum allowed SDIV value in Tables 9
or 10, set SDIV to the maximum value.
Sleep Mode
The serializer/deserializer include a low-power sleep
mode to reduce power consumption on the device not
attached to the FC (MAX9260 in LCD applications and
MAX9259 in camera applications). Set the corresponding remote IC’s SLEEP bit to 1 to initiate sleep mode. The
MAX9259 sleeps immediately after setting its SLEEP =
1. The MAX9260 sleeps after serial link inactivity or 8ms
(whichever arrives first) after setting its SLEEP = 1. See
the Link Startup Procedure section for details on waking
up the device for different FC and starting conditions.
The FC side device cannot enter into sleep mode, and its
SLEEP bit remains at 0. Use the PWDN input pin to bring
the FC side device into a low-power state.
Configuration Link Mode
The MAX9259/MAX9260 include a low-speed configuration link to allow control-data connection between the two
devices in the absence of a valid parallel clock input. In
either display or camera applications, the configuration
link can be used to program equalizer/preemphasis
or other registers before establishing the video link.
An internal oscillator provides PCLK_ for establishing
the serial configuration link between the MAX9259 and
MAX9260. The parallel output clock and data lines are
disabled in the MAX9260. The LOCK output remains
low even after a successful configuration link lock. Set
CLINKEN = 1 on the MAX9259 to turn on the configuration link. The configuration link remains active as long as
the video link has not been enabled. The video link overrides the configuration link and attempts to lock when
SEREN = 1.
Link Startup Procedure
Table 11 lists four startup cases for video-display
applications. Table 12 lists two startup cases for imagesensing applications. In either display or image-sensing
applications, the control link is always available after
the high-speed data link or the configuration link is
established and the MAX9259/MAX9260 registers or the
peripherals are ready for programming.
Maxim Integrated
Video-Display Applications
For the video-display application, with a remote display
unit, connect the FC to the serializer (MAX9259) and set
CDS = low for both the MAX9259 and MAX9260. Table
11 summarizes the four startup cases based on the settings of AUTOS and MS.
Case 1: Autostart Mode
After power-up or when PWDN transitions from low
to high for both the serializer and deserializer, the
serial link establishes if a stable PCLK_ is present. The
MAX9259 locks to PCLK_ and sends the serial data to
the MAX9260. The MAX9260 then detects activity on the
serial link and locks to the input serial data.
Case 2: Standby Start Mode
After power-up, or when PWDN transitions from low
to high for both the serializer and deserializer, the
MAX9260 starts up in sleep mode, and the MAX9259
stays in standby mode (does not send serial data). Use
the FC and program the MAX9259 to set SEREN = 1 to
establish a video link or CLINKEN = 1 to establish the
configuration link. After locking to a stable PCLK_ (for
SEREN = 1) or the internal oscillator (for CLINKEN = 1),
the MAX9259 sends a wake-up signal to the deserializer. The MAX9260 exits sleep mode after locking to the
serial data and sets SLEEP = 0. If after 8ms the deserializer does not lock to the input serial data, the MAX9260
goes back to sleep, and the internal sleep bit remains
uncleared (SLEEP = 1).
Case 3: Remote Side Autostart Mode
After power-up, or when PWDN transitions from low to
high, the remote device (MAX9260) starts up and tries
to lock to an incoming serial signal with sufficient power.
The host side (MAX9259) is in standby mode and does
not try to establish a link. Use the FC and program the
MAX9259 to set SEREN = 1 (and apply a stable PCLK_)
to establish a video link, or CLINKEN = 1 to establish the
configuration link. In this case, the MAX9260 ignores the
short wake-up signal sent from the MAX9259.
Case 4: Remote Side in Sleep Mode
After power-up or when PWDN transitions from low to
high, the remote device (MAX9260) starts up in sleep
mode. The high-speed link establishes automatically
after MAX9259 powers up with a stable PCLK_ and
sends a wake-up signal to the MAX9260. Use this mode
in applications where the MAX9260 powers up before
the MAX9259.
35
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 11. Startup Selection for Video-Display Applications (CDS = Low)
CASE
AUTOS
(MAX9259)
MAX9259
POWER-UP STATE
MS
(MAX9260)
MAX9260
POWER-UP STATE
LINK STARTUP MODE
1
Low
Serialization enabled
Low
Normal
(SLEEP = 0)
Both devices power up with serial
link active (autostart)
Sleep mode
(SLEEP = 1)
Serial link is disabled and
the MAX9260 powers up in
sleep mode. Set SEREN = 1 or
CLINKEN = 1 in the MAX9259 to
start the serial link and wake up
the MAX9260.
Normal
(SLEEP = 0)
Both devices power up in
normal mode with the serial link
is disabled. Set SEREN = 1 or
CLINKEN = 1 in the MAX9259 to
start the serial link.
Sleep mode
(SLEEP = 1)
MAX9260 starts in sleep mode.
Link autostarts upon MAX9259
power-up. Use this case when
the MAX9260 powers up before
the MAX9259.
2
High
3
Serialization disabled
High
4
Serialization disabled
Low
AUTOS PIN
SETTING
LOW
HIGH
High
Serialization enabled
Low
High
SEREN BIT
POWER-UP VALUE
CLINKEN = 0 OR
SEREN = 1
1
0
POWER-DOWN
OR POWER-OFF
PWDN = HIGH,
POWER-ON
AUTOS = LOW
CLINKEN = 0 OR
SEREN = 1
POWER-ON
IDLE
CLINKEN = 1
CONFIG
LINK STARTING
CONFIG LINK
UNLOCKED
CONFIG LINK
OPERATING
CONFIG LINK
PROGRAM
REGISTERS
LOCKED
PWDN = LOW OR
POWER-OFF
ALL STATES
PWDN = HIGH
POWER-ON,
AUTOS = LOW
SEREN = 0,
NO PCLKIN
SEREN = 1,
PCLKIN RUNNING
SEREN = 0, OR
NO PCLKIN
VIDEO
LINK LOCKING
VIDEO LINK
LOCKED
PRBSEN = 0
VIDEO LINK
OPERATING
PRBSEN = 1
VIDEO LINK
PRBS TEST
VIDEO LINK
UNLOCKED
Figure 30. MAX9259 State Diagram, CDS = Low (LCD Application)
36 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
SLEEP = 1, VIDEO LINK OR CONFIG
LINK NOT LOCKED AFTER 8ms
MS PIN
SETTING
SLEEP BIT
POWER-UP VALUE
LOW
HIGH
0
1
SLEEP
WAKE-UP
SIGNAL
POWER-ON
IDLE
SERIAL LINK ACTIVITY STOPS OR 8ms ELAPSES AFTER
FC SETS SLEEP = 1
SEND INT TO
INT CHANGES FROM
LOW TO HIGH OR
HIGH TO LOW
MAX9259
SIGNAL
DETECTED
PWDN = HIGH,
POWER-ON
CONFIG LINK
UNLOCKED
SERIAL PORT
LOCKING
CONFIG LINK
OPERATING
PROGRAM
REGISTERS
CONFIG LINK
LOCKED
VIDEO LINK
LOCKED
VIDEO LINK
UNLOCKED
0
SLEEP
PRBSEN = 0
ALL STATES
PWDN = LOW OR
POWER-OFF
POWER-DOWN
OR
POWER-OFF
VIDEO LINK
OPERATING
0
PRBSEN = 1
VIDEO LINK
PRBS TEST
SLEEP
Figure 31. MAX9260 State Diagram, CDS = Low (LCD Application)
Image-Sensing Applications
For image-sensing applications, with remote camera
unit(s), connect the FC to the deserializer (MAX9260)
and set CDS = high for both the MAX9259 and MAX9260.
The MAX9260 powers up normally (SLEEP = 0) and continuously tries to lock to a valid serial input. Table 12
summarizes the two startup cases, based on the state of
the MAX9259 AUTOS pin.
Case 1: Autostart Mode
After power-up, or when PWDN transitions from low to
high, the MAX9259 locks to a stable PCLKIN and sends
the high-speed data to the MAX9260. The MAX9260
locks to the serial data and outputs the parallel video
data and PCLKOUT.
Case 2: Sleep Mode
After power-up, or when PWDN transitions from low to
high, the MAX9259 starts up in sleep mode. To wake up
the MAX9259, use the FC to send a regular UART frame
containing at least three rising edges (e.g., 0x66), at a
bit rate no greater than 1Mbps. The low-power wake-up
receiver of the MAX9259 detects the wake-up frame over
the reverse control channel and powers up. Reset the
sleep bit (SLEEP = 0) of the MAX9259 using a regular
control-channel write packet to power up the device fully.
Send the sleep bit write packet at least 500Fs after the
wake-up frame. The MAX9259 goes back to sleep mode
if its sleep bit is not cleared within 8ms (typ) after detecting a wake-up frame.
Table 12. Startup Selection for Image-Sensing Applications (CDS = High)
CASE
AUTOS
(MAX9259)
MAX9259 POWER-UP
STATE
MAX9260 POWER-UP
STATE
1
Low
Serialization enabled
Normal
(SLEEP = 0)
Autostart
2
High
Sleep mode
(SLEEP = 1)
Normal
(SLEEP = 0)
MAX9259 is in sleep mode. Wake
up the MAX9259 through the control
channel (FC attached to MAX9260).
Maxim Integrated
LINK STARTUP MODE
37
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
AUTOS PIN
SETTING
LOW
HIGH
POWER-UP VALUE
SEREN
SLEEP
1
0
0
1
SLEEP
CLINKEN = 0 OR
SEREN = 1
CLINKEN = 0 OR
SEREN = 1
SLEEP = 1
FOR > 8ms
SLEEP = 0,
WAKE-UP
REVERSE LINK
POWER-ON
IDLE
SEREN = 0
CONFIG
LINK STARTED
CLINKEN = 1
WAKE-UP SIGNAL
PWDN = HIGH,
POWER-ON,
AUTOS = HIGH
SLEEP = 1
ALL STATES
PWDN = LOW OR
POWER-OFF
POWER-DOWN
OR
POWER-OFF
SLEEP = 0,
SLEEP = 1
SEREN = 1,
PCLKIN RUNNING
PWDN = HIGH,
POWER-ON
AUTOS = LOW
CONFIG LINK
LOCKED
CONFIG LINK
OPERATING
PROGRAM
REGISTERS
SEREN = 0 OR
NO PCLKIN
SEREN = 0 OR
NO PCLKIN
VIDEO
LINK LOCKING
CONFIG LINK
UNLOCKED
VIDEO LINK
LOCKED
VIDEO LINK
OPERATING
PRBSEN = 0
PRBSEN = 1
VIDEO LINK
PRBS TEST
VIDEO LINK
UNLOCKED
Figure 32. MAX9259 State Diagram, CDS = High (Camera Application)
POWER-ON
IDLE
(REVERSE
CHANNEL
ACTIVE)
NO SIGNAL
DETECTED
ALL STATES
SIGNAL
DETECTED
PWDN = HIGH,
POWER ON
PWDN = LOW OR
POWER-OFF
SERIAL PORT
LOCKING
VIDEO LINK
LOCKED
POWER-DOWN
OR
POWER-OFF
CONFIG LINK
UNLOCKED
CONFIG
LINK OPERATING
CONFIG LINK
LOCKED
PROGRAM
REGISTERS
VIDEO LINK
UNLOCKED
PRBSEN = 0
VIDEO LINK
OPERATING
PRBSEN = 1
VIDEO LINK
PRBS TEST
Figure 33. MAX9260 State Diagram, CDS = High (Camera Application)
38 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Applications Information
MAX9260 Error Checking
The MAX9260 checks the serial link for errors and stores
the number of detected decoding errors in the 8-bit
register (DECERR, 0x0D). If a large number of decoding
errors are detected within a short duration, the deserializer loses lock and stops the error counter. The deserializer then attempts to relock to the serial data. DECERR
resets upon successful video link lock, successful
readout of DECERR (through UART), or whenever autoerror reset is enabled. The MAX9260 does not check
for decoding errors during the internal PRBS test and
DECERR is reset to 0x00.
ERR Output
The MAX9260 has an open-drain ERR output. This
output asserts low whenever the number of decoding
errors exceed the error threshold (ERRTHR, 0x0C) during normal operation, or when at least one PRBS error is
detected during PRBS test. ERR reasserts high whenever DECERR (0x0D) resets, due to DECERR readout,
video link lock, or autoerror reset.
Autoerror Reset
The default method to reset errors is to read the respective error registers in the MAX9260 (0x0D, 0x0E). Autoerror reset clears the decoding-error counter (DECERR)
and the ERR output ~1Fs after ERR goes low. Autoerror
reset is disabled on power-up. Enable autoerror reset
through AUTORST (0x06 D6). Autoerror reset does not
run when the device is in PRBS test mode.
Self PRBS Test
The MAX9259/MAX9260 link includes a PRBS pattern generator and bit-error verification function. Set
PRBSEN = 1 (0x04 D5) first in the MAX9259 and then
the MAX9260 to start the PRBS test. Set PRBSEN = 0
(0x04 D5) first in the MAX9260 and then the MAX9259
to exit the PRBS self test. The MAX9260 uses an 8-bit
register (0x0E) to count the number of detected errors.
The control link also controls the start and stop of the
error counting. During PRBS mode, the device does not
count decoding errors and the ERR output reflects PRBS
errors only. Autoerror reset does not run when the device
is in PRBS mode.
Microcontrollers on Both Sides
of the GMSL Link (Dual µC Control)
Usually the FC is either on the serializer (MAX9259)
side for video-display applications, or on the deserializer (MAX9260) side for image-sensing applications. For
the former case, both the CDS pins of the MAX9259/
Maxim Integrated
MAX9260 are set to low, and for the later case, the
CDS pins are set to high. However, if the CDS pin of the
MAX9259 is low and the CDS pin of the MAX9260 is high,
then the MAX9259/MAX9260 can both connect to FCs
simultaneously. In such a case, the FCs on either side
can communicate with the MAX9259/MAX9260 UART
protocol.
Contentions of the control link may happen if the FCs
on both sides are using the link at the same time. The
MAX9259/MAX9260 do not provide the solution for
contention avoidance. The serializer/deserealizer do not
send an acknowledge frame when communication fails
due to contention. Users can always implement a higherlayer protocol to avoid the contention. In addition, if UART
communication across the serial link is not required, the
FCs can disable the forward and reverse control channel
through the FWDCCEN and REVCCEN bits (0x04 D[1:0])
in the MAX9259/MAX9260. UART communication across
the serial link is stopped and contention between FCs no
longer occurs. During the dual FC operation, if one of the
CDS pins on either side changes state, the link resumes
the corresponding state described in the Link Startup
Procedure section.
As an example of dual FC use in an image-sensing link,
the MAX9259 may be in sleep mode and waiting to be
waked up by the MAX9260. After wake-up, the serializerside FC sets the MAX9259 CDS pin low and assumes
master control of the MAX9259 registers.
Jitter-Filtering PLL
In some applications, the parallel bus input clock to the
MAX9259 (PCLKIN) includes noise, which reduces link
reliability. The MAX9259 has a narrow-band jitter-filtering
PLL to attenuate frequency components outside the
PLL’s bandwidth (< 100kHz typ). Enable the jitter-filtering
PLL by setting DISFPLL = 0 (0x05 D6).
Changing the Data Frequency
Both the video data rate (fPCLK_) and the control data
rate (fUART) can be changed on-the-fly to support
applications with multiple clock speeds. Slow speed/
performance modes allow significant power savings
when a system’s full capabilities are not required. Enable
the MAX9259/MAX9260 link after PCLK_ stabilizes.
Stop PCLKIN for 5µs and restart the serial link or toggle
SEREN after each change in the parallel clock frequency
to recalibrate any automatic settings if a clean frequency
change cannot be guaranteed. The reverse control
channel remains unavailable for 350Fs after serial link
start or stop. Limit on-the-fly changes in fUART to factors of less than 3.5 at a time to ensure that the device
39
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 13. MAX9259 Line-Fault Mapping
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
NAME
D[3:2]
VALUE
LFNEG
0x08
D[1:0]
LFPOS
00
Negative cable wire shorted to battery
01
Negative cable wire shorted to ground
10
Normal operation
11
Negative cable wire open
00
Positive cable wire shorted to battery
01
Positive cable wire shorted to ground
10
Normal operation
11
Positive cable wire open
Line-Fault Detection
Table 14. Staggered Output Delay
OUTPUT
OUTPUT DELAY RELATIVE
TO DOUT0 (ns)
DISSTAG = 0
DISSTAG = 1
DOUT0–DOUT5,
DOUT21, DOUT22
0
0
DOUT6–DOUT10,
DOUT23, DOUT24
0.5
0
DOUT11–DOUT15,
DOUT25, DOUT26
1
0
DOUT16–DOUT20,
DOUT27, DOUT28
1.5
0
PCLKOUT
0.75
0
recognizes the UART sync pattern. For example, when
lowering the UART frequency from 1Mbps to 100kbps,
first send data at 333kbps and then at 100kbps to have
reduction ratios of 3 and 3.333, respectively.
LOCK Output Loopback
Connect the LOCK output to the INT input of the
MAX9260 to loopback LOCK to the MAX9259. The
interrupt output on the MAX9259 follows the transitions
at the LOCK output of the MAX9260. Reverse-channel
communication does not require an active forward link
to operate and accurately tracks the LOCK status of the
video link. LOCK asserts for video link only and not for
the configuration link.
MAX9260 GPIOs
The MAX9260 has two open-drain GPIOs available.
GPIO1OUT and GPIO0OUT (0x06 D3, D1) set the output
state of the GPIOs. The GPIO input buffers are always
enabled. The input states are stored in GPIO1 and
GPIO0 (0x06 D2, D0). Set GPIO1OUT/GPIO0OUT to 1
when using GPIO1/GPIO0 as an input.
40 LINE-FAULT TYPE
The line-fault detector in the MAX9259 monitors for line
failures such as short to ground, short to power supply,
and open link for system fault diagnosis. Figure 3 shows
the required external resistor connections. LFLT = low
when a line fault is detected and LFLT = high when the
line returns to normal. The line-fault type is stored in
0x08 D[3:0] of the MAX9259. The fault-detector threshold voltages are referenced to the MAX9259 ground.
Additional passive components set the DC level of the
cable (Figure 3). If the MAX9259 and MAX9260 grounds
are different, the link DC voltage during normal operation
can vary and cross one of the fault-detection thresholds.
For the fault-detection circuit, select the resistor’s power
rating to handle a short to the battery. Table 13 lists the
mapping for line-fault types.
Staggered Parallel Data Outputs
The MAX9260 staggers the parallel data outputs to
reduce EMI and noise. Staggering outputs also reduce
the power-supply transient requirements. By default,
the deserializer staggers outputs according to Table
14. Disable output staggering through the DISSTAG bit
(0x06 D7)
Choosing I2C/UART Pullup Resistors
Both I2C/UART open-drain lines require pullup resistors
to provide a logic-high level. There are tradeoffs between
power dissipation and speed, and a compromise must
be made in choosing pullup resistor values. Every device
connected to the bus introduces some capacitance even
when the device is not in operation. I2C specifies 300ns
rise times to go from low to high (30% to 70%) for fast
mode, which is defined for data rates up to 400kbps (see
the I2C specifications in the Electrical Characteristics
table for details). To meet the fast-mode rise-time
requirement, choose the pullup resistors so that rise time
tR = 0.85 x RPULLUP x CBUS < 300ns. The waveforms
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
are not recognized if the transition time becomes too
slow. The MAX9259/MAX9260 support I2C/UART rates
up to 1Mbps.
AC-Coupling
AC-coupling isolates the receiver from DC voltages up to
the voltage rating of the capacitor. Four capacitors—two
at the serializer output and two at the deserializer input—
are needed for proper link operation and to provide
protection if either end of the cable is shorted to a high
voltage. AC-coupling blocks low-frequency ground shifts
and low-frequency common-mode noise.
Selection of AC-Coupling Capacitors
Voltage droop and the digital sum variation (DSV) of
transmitted symbols cause signal transitions to start
from different voltage levels. Because the transition time
is finite, starting the signal transition from different voltage levels causes timing jitter. The time constant for an
AC-coupled link needs to be chosen to reduce droop
and jitter to an acceptable level. The RC network for an
AC-coupled link consists of the CML receiver termination
resistor (RTR), the CML driver termination resistor (RTD),
and the series AC-coupling capacitors (C). The RC time
constant for four equal-value series capacitors is (C
x (RTD + RTR))/4. RTD and RTR are required to match
the transmission line impedance (usually 100I). This
leaves the capacitor selection to change the system time
constant. Use at least 0.22FF (100V) high-frequency surface-mount ceramic capacitors to pass the lower speed
reverse-channel signal. Use capacitors with a case size
less than 3.2mm x 1.6mm to have lower parasitic effects
to the high-speed signal.
Power-Supply Circuits and Bypassing
The MAX9259 uses an AVDD and DVDD of 1.7V to 1.9V.
The MAX9260 uses an AVDD and DVDD of 3.0V to 3.6V.
All single-ended inputs and outputs on the MAX9259/
MAX9260 derive power from an IOVDD of 1.7V to 3.6V.
The input levels or output levels scale with IOVDD.
Proper voltage-supply bypassing is essential for highfrequency circuit stability.
Cables and Connectors
Interconnect for CML typically has a differential impedance of 100I. Use cables and connectors that have
matched differential impedance to minimize impedance
discontinuities. Twisted-pair and shielded twisted-pair
cables offer superior signal quality compared to ribbon
cable and tend to generate less EMI due to magneticfield canceling effects. Balanced cables pick up noise
as common mode rejected by the CML receiver. Table
15 lists the suggested cables and connectors used in
the GMSL link.
Board Layout
Separate the parallel signals and CML high-speed serial
signals to prevent crosstalk. Use a four-layer PCB with
separate layers for power, ground, CML, and digital
signals. Layout PCB traces close to each other and have
a 100I differential characteristic impedance. The trace
dimensions depend on the type of trace used (microstrip
or stripline). Note that two 50I PCB traces do not
have 100I differential impedance when brought close
together—the impedance goes down when the traces
are brought closer.
Route the PCB traces for a CML channel (there are two
conductors per CML channel) in parallel to maintain the
differential characteristic impedance. Avoid vias. If vias
must be used, use only one pair per CML channel and
place the via for each line at the same point along the
length of the PCB traces. This way, any reflections occur
at the same time. Do not make vias into test points for
Table 15. Suggested Connectors and Cables for GMSL
SUPPLIER
JAE Electronics, Inc.
Nissei Electric Co., Ltd.
Rosenberger Hochfrequenztechnik GmbH
Maxim Integrated
CONNECTOR
CABLE
MX38-FF
A-BW-Lxxxxx
GT11L-2S
F-2WME AWG28
D4S10A-40ML5-Z
Dacar 538
41
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
1MI
HIGHVOLTAGE
DC
SOURCE
CHARGE-CURRENTLIMIT RESISTOR
CS
100pF
ATE. Keep PCB traces that make up a differential pair
equal in length to avoid skew within the differential pair.
RD
1.5kI
ESD Protection
DISCHARGE
RESISTANCE
STORAGE
CAPACITOR
DEVICE
UNDER
TEST
Figure 34. Human Body Model ESD Test Circuit
RD
330I
HIGHVOLTAGE
DC
SOURCE
CHARGE-CURRENTLIMIT RESISTOR
CS
150pF
The MAX9259/MAX9260 ESD tolerance is rated for
Human Body Model, IEC 61000-4-2, and ISO 10605. The
ISO 10605 and IEC 61000-4-2 standards specify ESD
tolerance for electronic systems. Serial outputs on the
MAX9259 and serial inputs on the MAX9260 meet ISO
10605 ESD protection and IEC 61000-4-2 ESD protection. All other pins meet the Human Body Model ESD
tolerances. The Human Body Model discharge components are CS = 100pF and RD = 1.5kI (Figure 34). The
IEC 61000-4-2 discharge components are CS = 150pF
and RD = 330I (Figure 35). The ISO 10605 discharge
components are CS = 330pF and RD = 2kI (Figure 36).
DISCHARGE
RESISTANCE
STORAGE
CAPACITOR
DEVICE
UNDER
TEST
Figure 35. IEC 61000-4-2 Contact Discharge ESD Test Circuit
RD
2kI
HIGHVOLTAGE
DC
SOURCE
CHARGE-CURRENTLIMIT RESISTOR
CS
330pF
DISCHARGE
RESISTANCE
STORAGE
CAPACITOR
DEVICE
UNDER
TEST
Figure 36. ISO 10605 Contact Discharge ESD Test Circuit
42 Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 16. MAX9259 Register Table
REGISTER
ADDRESS
0x00
0x01
BITS
NAME
VALUE
D[7:1]
SERID
XXXXXXX
D0
—
0
D[7:1]
DESID
XXXXXXX
D0
—
0
D[7:5]
SS
0x02
D4
D[3:2]
D[1:0]
D[7:6]
AUDIOEN
PRNG
SRNG
Maxim Integrated
Reserved
Deserializer device address
Reserved
000
001
Q0.5% spread spectrum. Power-up default
when SSEN = high.
010
Q1.5% spread spectrum
011
Q2% spread spectrum
100
No spread spectrum
101
Q1% spread spectrum
110
Q3% spread spectrum
111
Q4% spread spectrum
0
Disable I2S channel
1
Enable I2S channel
00
12.5MHz to 25MHz pixel clock
01
25MHz to 50MHz pixel clock
10
50MHz to 104MHz pixel clock
11
Automatically detect the pixel clock range
00
0.5 to 1Gbps serial-data rate
01
1 to 2Gbps serial-data rate
10
2 to 3.125Gbps serial-data rate
11
Automatically detect serial-data rate
00
Calibrate spread-modulation rate only once
after locking
01
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every 2ms
after locking
10
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every 16ms
after locking
11
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every
256ms after locking
AUTOFM
SDIV
Serializer device address
No spread spectrum. Power-up default
when SSEN = low.
0x03
D[5:0]
FUNCTION
000000
Autocalibrate sawtooth divider
XXXXXX
Manual SDIV setting (see the Manual
Programming of the Spread-Spectrum Divider
section)
DEFAULT
VALUE
1000000
0
1001000
0
000, 001
1
11
11
00
000000
43
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 16. MAX9259 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
D7
NAME
CLINKEN
D5
PRBSEN
0x04
D[3:2]
FUNCTION
0
Disable serial link. Power-up default when
AUTOS = high. Reverse-channel
communication remains unavailable for 350Fs
after the MAX9259 starts/stops the serial link.
1
Enable serial link. Power-up default when
AUTOS = low. Reverse-channel
communication remains unavailable for 350Fs
after the MAX9259 starts/stops the serial link.
0
Disable configuration link
1
Enable configuration link
0
Disable PRBS test
1
Enable PRBS test
0
Normal mode. Default value depends on CDS
and AUTOS pin values at power-up.
1
Activate sleep mode. Default value depends
on CDS and AUTOS pin values at power-up.
00
Base mode uses I2C peripheral interface
01
Base mode uses UART peripheral interface
SEREN
D6
D4
VALUE
0, 1
SLEEP
INTTYPE
10, 11
D1
D0
44 DEFAULT
VALUE
Disable reverse control channel from
deserializer (receiving)
1
Enable reverse control channel from
deserializer (receiving)
0
Disable forward control channel to
deserializer (sending)
1
Enable forward control channel to
deserializer (sending)
FWDCCEN
0
0, 1
00
Base mode peripheral interface disabled
0
REVCCEN
0
1
1
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 16. MAX9259 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
NAME
D7
I2CMETHOD
D6
DISFPLL
D[5:4]
CMLLVL
0x05
D[3:0]
PREEMP
VALUE
FUNCTION
0
I2C conversion sends the register address
1
Disable sending of I2C register address
(command-byte-only mode)
0
Filter PLL active
1
Filter PLL disabled
00
Do not use
01
200mV CML signal level
10
300mV CML signal level
11
400mV CML signal level
0000
Preemphasis off
0001
-1.2dB preemphasis
0010
-2.5dB preemphasis
0011
-4.1dB preemphasis
0100
-6.0dB preemphasis
0101
Do not use
0110
Do not use
0111
Do not use
1000
1.1dB preemphasis
1001
2.2dB preemphasis
1010
3.3dB preemphasis
1011
4.4dB preemphasis
1100
6.0dB preemphasis
1101
8.0dB preemphasis
1110
10.5dB preemphasis
1111
14.0dB preemphasis
DEFAULT
VALUE
0
1
11
0000
0x06
D[7:0]
—
01000000
Reserved
01000000
0x07
D[7:0]
—
00100010
Reserved
00100010
D[7:4]
—
0000
Reserved
0000
(read only)
D[3:2]
LFNEG
0x08
D[1:0]
Maxim Integrated
LFPOS
00
Negative cable wire shorted to battery
01
Negative cable wire shorted to ground
10
Normal operation
11
Negative cable wire open
00
Positive cable wire shorted to battery
01
Positive cable wire shorted to ground
10
Normal operation
11
Positive cable wire open
10
(read only)
10
(read only)
45
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 16. MAX9259 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
D7
NAME
0x1F
FUNCTION
0
Set INT low when SETINT transitions from 1
to 0
1
Set INT high when SETINT transitions from 0
to 1
SETINT
0x0D
0x1E
VALUE
DEFAULT
VALUE
0
D[6:4]
—
000
Reserved
000
D[3:0]
—
1111
Reserved
1111
D[7:0]
ID
00000001
D[7:4]
—
D[3:0]
REVISION
Device identifier
(MAX9259 = 0x01)
00000001
(read only)
0000
Reserved
0000
(read only)
XXXX
Device revision
(read only)
X = Don’t care.
Table 17. MAX9260 Register Table
REGISTER
ADDRESS
0x00
0x01
BITS
NAME
VALUE
D[7:1]
SERID
XXXXXXX
D0
—
0
D[7:1]
DESID
XXXXXXX
D0
—
0
Reserved
00
No spread spectrum. Power-up default
when SSEN = low.
01
Q2% spread spectrum. Power-up default
when SSEN = high.
10
No spread spectrum
11
Q4% spread spectrum
0
Reserved
0
Disable I2S channel
1
Enable I2S channel
00
12.5MHz to 25MHz pixel clock
01
25MHz to 50MHz pixel clock
10
50MHz to 104MHz pixel clock
11
Automatically detect the pixel clock range
00
0.5 to 1Gbps serial-data rate
01
1 to 2Gbps serial-data rate
10
2 to 3.125Gbps serial-data rate
11
Automatically detect serial-data rate
D[7:6]
D5
0x02
D4
D[3:2]
D[1:0]
46 SS
—
AUDIOEN
PRNG
SRNG
FUNCTION
Serializer device address
Reserved
Deserializer device address
DEFAULT
VALUE
1000000
0
1001000
0
00, 01
0
1
11
11
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 17. MAX9260 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
D[7:6]
NAME
D[4:0]
SDIV
D7
LOCKED
D6
D5
0x04
—
D4
D[3:2]
Calibrate spread-modulation rate only once
after locking
01
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every 2ms
after locking
10
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every 16ms
after locking
11
Calibrate spread-modulation rate every
256ms after locking
0
Reserved
00000
Autocalibrate sawtooth divider
XXXXX
Manual SDIV setting (see the Manual
Programming of the Spread-Spectrum Divider
section)
0
LOCK output is low
1
LOCK output is high
0
Enable DOUT_, PCLKOUT, and I2S outputs.
A transition on ENABLE changes the state of
OUTENB.
1
Disable DOUT_, PCLKOUT, and I2S outputs.
A transition on ENABLE changes the state of
OUTENB.
OUTENB
PRBSEN
0
Disable PRBS test
1
Enable PRBS test
0
Normal mode default value depends on CDS
and MS pin values at power-up)
1
Activate sleep mode default value depends
on CDS and MS pin values at power-up)
00
Base mode uses I2C peripheral interface
01
Base mode uses UART peripheral interface
SLEEP
INTTYPE
10, 11
D1
D0
Maxim Integrated
FUNCTION
00
AUTOFM
0x03
D5
VALUE
Disable reverse control channel to serializer
(sending)
1
Enable reverse control channel to serializer
(sending)
0
Disable forward control channel from
serializer (receiving)
1
Enable forward control channel from
serializer (receiving)
FWDCCEN
00
0
00000
0
(read only)
0, 1
0
0, 1
00
Base mode peripheral interface disabled
0
REVCCEN
DEFAULT
VALUE
1
1
47
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 17. MAX9260 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
D7
D[6:5]
D4
NAME
I2CMETHOD
HPFTUNE
PDHF
0x05
D[3:0]
D7
D6
0x06
48 EQTUNE
DISSTAG
VALUE
0
I2C conversion sends the register address
1
Disable sending of I2C register address
(command-byte-only mode)
00
7.5MHz Equalizer highpass cutoff frequency
01
3.75MHz cutoff frequency
10
2.5MHz cutoff frequency
11
1.87MHz cutoff frequency
0
High-frequency boosting enabled
1
High-frequency boosting disabled
0000
2.1dB equalizer boost gain
0001
2.8dB equalizer boost gain
0010
3.4dB equalizer boost gain
0011
4.2dB equalizer boost gain
0100
5.2dB equalizer boost gain. Power-up
default when EQS = high.
0101
6.2dB equalizer boost gain
0110
7dB equalizer boost gain
0111
8.2dB equalizer boost gain
1000
9.4dB equalizer boost gain
1001
10.7dB equalizer boost gain. Power-up
default when EQS = low.
1010
11.7dB equalizer boost gain
1011
13dB equalizer boost gain
11XX
Do not use
0
Enable staggered outputs
1
Disable staggered outputs
0
Do not automatically reset error registers and
outputs
1
Automatically reset error registers and
outputs
AUTORST
D5
DISINT
D4
INT
D3
GPIO1OUT
D2
GPIO1
D1
GPIO0OUT
D0
GPIO0
FUNCTION
0
Enable interrupt transmission to serializer
1
Disable interrupt transmission to serializer
0
INT input = low (read only)
1
INT input = high (read only)
0
Output low to GPIO1
1
Output high to GPIO1
0
GPIO1 is low
1
GPIO1 is high
0
Output low to GPIO0
1
Output high to GPIO0
0
GPIO0 is low
1
GPIO0 is high
DEFAULT
VALUE
0
01
0
0100, 1001
0
0
0
0
(read only)
1
1
(read only)
1
1
(read only)
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Table 17. MAX9260 Register Table (continued)
REGISTER
ADDRESS
BITS
NAME
VALUE
0x07
D[7:0]
—
01010100
Reserved
01010100
0x08
D[7:0]
—
00110000
Reserved
00110000
0x09
D[7:0]
—
11001000
Reserved
11001000
0x0A
D[7:0]
—
00010010
Reserved
00010010
0x0B
D[7:0]
—
00100000
Reserved
00100000
0x0C
D[7:0]
ERRTHR
XXXXXXXX
Error threshold for decoding errors. ERR =
low when DECERR > ERRTHR.
00000000
0x0D
D[7:0]
DECERR
XXXXXXXX
Decoding error counter. This counter remains
zero while the device is in PRBS test mode.
00000000
(read only)
0x0E
D[7:0]
PRBSERR
XXXXXXXX
PRBS error counter
00000000
(read only)
D7
MCLKSRC
D[6:0]
MCLKDIV
D[7:0]
0x12
0x1E
0x1F
DEFAULT
VALUE
FUNCTION
0
MCLK derived from PCLKOUT (see Table 3)
1
MCLK derived from internal oscillator
0
0000000
MCLK disabled
XXXXXXX
MCLK divider
ID
00000010
Device identifier
(MAX9260 = 0x02)
00000010
(read only)
D[7:4]
—
0000
Reserved
0000
(read only)
D[3:0]
REVISION
XXXX
Device revision
(read only)
0000000
X = Don’t care.
Typical Application Circuit
1.8V
ECU
VIDEO
MAX9259
PCLK
RGB
HSYNC
VSYNC
PCLKIN
DIN(0:27)
DIN28
CDS
AUTOS
MAX9260
45.3kI
45.3kI
4.99kI
4.99kI
PCLKOUT
DOUT(0:27)
CDS
LMN1
PCLK
RGB
HSYNC
VSYNC
DISPLAY
LMN0
INT
TO PERIPHERALS
RX/SDA
UART
TX
RX
LFLT
INT
IMS
AUDIO
WS
SCK
SD
Maxim Integrated
RX/SDA
TX/SCL
LFLT
INT
MS
WS
SCK
SD
OUT+
IN+
OUT-
IN-
49.9kI
TX/SCL
LOCK
SCL
SDA
49.9kI
WS
SCK
SD
DOUT28/MCLK
WS
SCK
SD
MCLK
MAX9850
49
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Chip Information
PROCESS: CMOS
50 Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that
a “+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only.
Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the
drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
PACKAGE
TYPE
PACKAGE
CODE
OUTLINE
NO.
LAND
PATTERN NO.
56 TQFN-EP
T5688+2
21-0135
90-0046
64 TQFP-EP
C64E+10
21-0084
90-0329
56 QFND-EP
G5688Y+1
21-0704
90-0423
Maxim Integrated
MAX9259/MAX9260
Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link with Spread
Spectrum and Full-Duplex Control Channel
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE
0
9/09
Initial release
1
7/10
Added clarification of fault thresholds and updated Pin Description table
2
11/10
Added TQFN package to Ordering Information, Absolute Maximum
Ratings, Pin Configurations, Pin Description, and Package Information
3
1/11
Added Patent Pending to Features
4
10/14
Updated General Description and Features sections and Figure 6,
clarified function, added QFND package, removed Tables 1 and 2, and
renumbered subsequent tables
DESCRIPTION
PAGES
CHANGED
—
3, 4, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15,
16, 17, 25, 28, 33, 39,
44, 48
1, 2, 10, 11, 50
1
1, 2, 4, 6, 10–12, 18,
24, 26–30, 32–34, 36
37, 40, 41, 43–50
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent
licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and
max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated 160 Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA 1-408-601-1000
© 2014
Maxim Integrated
51
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.