Renesas PCA7401 Technical information

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April 1st, 2010
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User’s Manual
PCA7401
User’s Manual
PROM Programming Adapter for
M37266EESP/SS, M37270EFSP/SS/ERSS,
M37280EKSP/SS/ERSS
Rev.1.00 2003.07
* R4944A, R4945 and R4945A are trademarks of Advantest Corporation.
Keep safety first in your circuit designs!
• Renesas Technology Corporation and Renesas Solutions Corporation put the maximum effort into making semiconductor products better
and more reliable, but there is always the possibility that trouble may occur with them. Trouble with semiconductors may lead to personal
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measures such as (i) placement of substitutive, auxiliary circuits, (ii) use of nonflammable material or (iii) prevention against any
malfunction or mishap.
Notes regarding these materials
• These materials are intended as a reference to assist our customers in the selection of the Renesas Technology product best suited to
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Precautions to be taken when using this product
• This product is a development supporting unit for use in your program development and evaluation stages. In mass-producing your
program you have finished developing, be sure to make a judgment on your own risk that it can be put to practical use by performing
integration test, evaluation, or some experiment else.
• In no event shall Renesas Solutions Corporation be liable for any consequence arising from the use of this product.
• Renesas Solutions Corporation strives to cope with the issues given below at some charge or without charge.
• This product has been developed by assuming its use for program development and evaluation in laboratories. Therefore, it does not fall
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For inquiries about the contents of this document or product, fill in the text file the installer of the emulator debugger generates in the
following directory and email to your local distributor.
\SUPPORT\Product-name\SUPPORT.TXT
Renesas Tools Homepage http://www.renesas.com/en/tools
( 2 / 18 )
Contents
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety ...................................................................................................... 4
Chapter 2. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 6
2.1 Things to Check When Unpacking .................................................................................. 6
Chapter 3. Usage ............................................................................................................................... 7
3.1 Programming Procedure ................................................................................................... 7
3.2 Attaching the Adapter to a PROM Programmer .............................................................. 8
3.3 Mounting an MCU into the Adapter ................................................................................ 9
3.4 Setting the Programming Areas ..................................................................................... 10
3.5 Recommended PROM Programmers ............................................................................. 10
Chapter 4. Specifications ................................................................................................................. 11
4.1 Specifications ................................................................................................................. 11
4.2 Memory Maps ................................................................................................................ 12
Chapter 5. Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................. 15
5.1 Errors That Occur When Writing to PROM .................................................................. 15
(1) When Newly Purchased ............................................................................................ 15
(2) Previously Written Normally .................................................................................... 15
5.2 MCUs Do Not Function Normally ................................................................................. 15
5.3 Other Precautions ........................................................................................................... 16
(1) About the Recommended PROM Programmers ....................................................... 16
(2) About Reading Out of Device Identification Code .................................................. 16
5.4 How to Request for Support ........................................................................................... 16
( 3 / 18 )
Chapter 1. Precautions for Safety
In both the user's manual and on the product itself, several icons are used to insure proper handling
of this product and also to prevent injuries to you or other persons, or damage to your properties.
This chapter describes the precautions which should be taken in order to use this product safely and
properly. Be sure to read this chapter before using this product.
WARNING
If the requirements shown in the "WARNING"
sentences are ignored, the equipment may
cause serious personal injury or death.
CAUTION
If the requirements shown in the "CAUTION"
sentences are ignored, the equipment may
malfunction.
IMPORTANT
It means important information on using this
product.
In addition to the three above, the following are also used as appropriate.
means WARNING or CAUTION.
Example:
CAUTION AGAINST AN ELECTRIC SHOCK
means PROHIBITION.
Example:
DISASSEMBLY PROHIBITED
means A FORCIBLE ACTION.
Example:
UNPLUG THE POWER CABLE FROM THE RECEPTACLE.
The following pages describe the symbols "WARNING", "CAUTION", and "IMPORTANT".
( 4 / 18 )
WARNING
Warnings for Use Environment:
• This equipment is to be used in an environment with a maximum ambient temperature of 35˚C. Care
should be taken that this temperature is not exceeded.
• Select the proper programming mode of the PROM programmer.
CAUTION
Caution to Be Taken for Modifying This Product:
• Do not disassemble or modify this product. Disassembling or modifying this product can cause
damage. Disassembling and modifying the product will void your warranty.
Cautions to Be Taken for Handling This Product:
• Use caution when handling this product. Be careful not to apply a mechanical shock such as falling.
• Do not directly touch the connector pins of this product.
• Be careful with the static electricity when handling this product and the MCU.
Caution for Keeping This Product:
• When not using this product for a long time:
(1) Attach the connector pins of this product to the conductive sponge.
(2) Put it into a conductive polyvinyl, and keep it in the package case shipped from the factory.
(3) Store it in the place where humidity and temperature are low and direct sunshine does not
strike.
IMPORTANT
Note on This Product:
• We cannot accept any request for repair.
When Using The Product:
• Attach this product to the IC socket on the PROM programmer properly.
• Mount the MCU to the IC socket of this product properly.
• When opening and closing the IC socket of this product, be sure to keep it horizontal.
• Be sure to specify the programming area of the PROM programmer properly.
• Do not use the PROM programmer's device identification code readout function.
( 5 / 18 )
Chapter 2. Introduction
The PCA7401 is a PROM programming adapter for Renesas 8-bit 7200 Series MCUs. The adapter
is a tool that can be used to write programs into an internal PROM of MCUs using a commercially
available PROM programmer.
This manual describes the specifications and the operation of the PCA7401.
Figure 2.1 shows the external view of the PCA7401 and its constituent parts.
Figure 2.1 External view of the adapter and its constituent parts
2.1 Things to Check When Unpacking
This product consists of the following parts listed in Table 2.1. When unpacking, check to see that
it contains all of the components shown in Table 2.1 below.
Table 2.1 Package components
Main unit
PCA7401
Connector
PCA4738E (32-pin)
User's manual
This manual
If any part is missing or there is any doubt about your product package, contact your local distributor.
( 6 / 18 )
Chapter 3. Usage
This chapter describes procedures you need to follow when writing the program.
For details on how to operate the PROM programmer, refer to the user's manual of the PROM
programmer.
3.1 Programming Procedure
Follow these procedures (1) through (7) to write the program into the MCU.
(1) Read the program into the PROM programmer.
(2) Attach the adapter to the IC socket of the PROM programmer (see section 3.2).
(3) Mount the MCU into the adapter (see section 3.3).
(4) Set the programming area with the PROM programmer (see section 3.4).
(5) Using the PROM programmer's erase check function, check whether data can be written into
the MCU's programming area.*
(6) Write the program into the programming area of the MCU using the PROM programmer.*
(7) Verify the programming area of the MCU using the PROM programmer to check whether the
program has been written into the MCU correctly.*
Notes
* Be sure to set the programming area. Otherwise the mode's shift to the programming mode may
not be performed successfully. The erase check function and others may not also be performed
completely.
* Some PROM programmers perform the steps (5) to (7) automatically.
( 7 / 18 )
3.2 Attaching the Adapter to a PROM Programmer
As shown in Figure 3.1, attach the pin No. 1 of the connector (standard-pitch 32-pin pin-header
mounted) to the pin No. 1 of the IC socket of the PROM programmer.
Be careful when attaching the adapter because incorrect insertion can cause fatal
damage to the MCU.
Figure 3.1 Attaching the adapter to a PROM programmer
( 8 / 18 )
3.3 Mounting an MCU into the Adapter
As shown in Figure 3.2, insert the No. 1 pin of an MCU into the No. 1 pin of the IC socket.
Be careful when inserting the MCU because incorrect insertion can cause fatal
damage to the MCU.
Top view
Figure 3.2 Mounting an MCU
CAUTION
Caution to Be Taken for Handling an MCU:
• Do not touch the connector in the IC socket and the pins on the PROM programmer
connector. Otherwise it can cause an electrical insulation failure because of dirt.
When not using, attach the connector pins of this product to the conductive sponge
as it was shipped from the factory.
( 9 / 18 )
3.4 Setting the Programming Areas
When writing the program into the MCU, be sure to set the programming area. And also, specify its
device of the PROM programmer.
Table 3.1 Programming areas
MCU type name
ROM
capacity
ROM
PROM programmer
Device
Programming area
Internal ROM area
M37266EE
56 KB
ROM area
of MCU
02000h--0FFFFh
02000h--0FFFFh
10000h--10FFFh
10000h--10FFFh
12000h--123FFh
12000h--123FFh
01000h--0FFFFh
01000h--0FFFFh
10800h--1567Fh
10800h--1567Fh
18000h--1E43Fh
18000h--1E43Fh
01000h--0FFFFh
01000h--0FFFFh
1B000h--1FFFFh
1B000h--1FFFFh
10800h--157FFh
10800h--157FFh
18000h--1ACFFh
18000h--1ACFFh
OSD ROM area
Internal ROM area
M37270EF
60 KB
OSD ROM area M5M27C101
Internal ROM area
M37280EK
80 KB
OSD ROM area
3.5 Recommended PROM Programmers
The PROM programmers listed in Table 3.2 are recommended for the adapter PCA7401. Using the
actual products, we have verified that these PROM programmers can be used to write programs
without problem. Nonconformity occurring by using any other PROM programmers can not be
supported. For the latest type of PROM programmers, contact the manufacturer to confirm whether
it can be used for your product.
Table 3.2 Recommended PROM programmers
Manufacturer
Type name
Device
Programming voltage (VPP)
M5M27C101 mode
12.5 V
R4944A
Advantest
Corporation
R4945
R4945A
( 10 / 18 )
Chapter 4. Specifications
4.1 Specifications
Table 4.1 lists specifications of the PCA7401.
Table 4.1 Specifications
Applicable MCUs
Operating clock frequency
Power supply
IC socket
Board
configuration
M37266EESP/SS
M37270EFSP/SS/ERSS
M37280EKSP/SS/ERSS
8 MHz
(Supplied by the ceramic oscillator mounted on the adapter)
Supplied from Vcc of the PROM programmer
264-1300-00 (made by Sumitomo 3M)
PCA7401
(main unit)
Board to insert a programmable MCU
(IC socket for MCU mounted on it)
PCA4738E
(connector)
Board to connect to the PROM programmer
(Standard-pitch 32-pin pin-header mounted)
( 11 / 18 )
4.2 Memory Maps
Figures 4.1 to 4.3 show memory maps of the MCU and the PROM programmer.
0000016
Unused area
0100016
0000016
0100016
Internal ROM area
(60 KB)
0FFFF16
1000016
Programming area
Unused area
0FFFF16
1000016
1080016
1080016
Programming area
OSD ROM area
157FF16
157FF16
Unused area
1800016
1800016
OSD ROM area
Programming area
Programming area
(32 KB)
1ACFF16
1ACFF16
Unused area
1B00016
1B00016
Expansion ROM area
(20 KB)
Programming area
1FFFF16
1FFFF16
MCU
PROM programmer
Figure 4.1 Memory map (M37280EK)
( 12 / 18 )
0000016
Unused area
0100016
0000016
0100016
Internal ROM area
(60 KB)
0FFFF16
1000016
Programming area
Unused area
0FFFF16
1000016
1080016
1080016
OSD ROM area
Programming area
1567F16
1567F16
Unused area
1800016
1800016
Programming area
Programming
(32 KB) area
OSD ROM area
1E43F16
1E43F16
Unused area
1FFFF16
1FFFF16
MCU
PROM programmer
Figure 4.2 Memory map (M37270EF)
( 13 / 18 )
0000016
Unused area
0200016
0000016
0200016
Internal ROM area
(56 KB)
Programming area
0FFFF16
1000016
0FFFF16
1000016
OSD ROM area
Programming area
10FFF16
10FFF16
Unused area
1200016
1200016
Programming area
Programming area
(32 KB)
OSD ROM area
123FF16
123FF16
Unused area
1FFFF16
1FFFF16
MCU
PROM programmer
Figure 4.3 Memory map (M37266EE)
( 14 / 18 )
Chapter 5. Troubleshooting
The table below summarizes errors to be checked carefully before you determine them to be a fault.
5.1 Errors That Occur When Writing to PROM
(1) When Newly Purchased
Cause
Remedy
See page
8
Programming adapter
Is the adapter attached to the correct position of the PROM
programmer?
Is the MCU attached to the correct position?
9
Is the area specification set correctly?
10
Is the correct device selected?
10
PROM programmer
Contact failure
The IC socket of the PROM programmer may be stained. The
socket needs replacing.
-
(2) Previously Written Normally
Cause
Remedy
See page
Is the adapter attached to the correct position of the PROM
programmer?
8
Programming adapter
Is the MCU attached to the correct position?
9
Is the area specification set correctly?
10
Is the correct device selected?
10
PROM programmer
Contact failure
The IC socket of the PROM programmer may be stained. The
socket needs replacing.
-
The PROM programmer connector at which the PROM
programmer is contacted may be stained. Clean it with
alcohol, etc.
-
5.2 MCUs Do Not Function Normally
The program operates normally on the emulator, but when the MCU that has normally been written
is attached the same program does not function normally.
(1) In the emulator, NOPs are often inserted in the area where the program has not been read, therefore
the program happens to appear functioning normally even though it may have gone wild. Check
your program again.
(2) The emulator and the actual MCU may differ in characteristics. Consult the user's manual of the
emulation pod to check for differences in characteristics again.
( 15 / 18 )
5.3 Other Precautions
(1) About the Recommended PROM Programmers
Not all PROM programmers available on the market can be checked to see if they function properly.
There are several PROM programmers that we have verified to function properly. These products are
listed as recommended PROM programmers in this user's manual. Other PROM programmers may
also be used providing that you verified them to function properly.
Note: No matter which type of PROM programmer you use, it is necessary to verify completion of
programming by executing screening, etc. that are stipulated for each MCU used.
(1) About Reading Out of Device Identification Code *1
Please do not use the PROM programmer's device identification code readout function.
Using this function may break down the MCU. The device identification code is included in EPROM
to indicate the manufacturer code and device code; it is not included in the MCU.
*1 Depending on PROM programmer manufacturers, this may be referred to by another name (e.g.
ID code).
5.4 How to Request for Support
After checking this manual, fill in the following information and email to your local distributor.
For prompt response, please specify the following information:
(1) Contact address
• Company name
• Department
• Responsible person
• Phone number
• Fax number
• E-mail address
(2) Product information
• Name of the programming adapter
• Serial number
• Date of purchase
• Target MCU
• Symptoms (Fails blank check/Cannot write a program/Fails verification etc.)
• Detailed symptoms
• How often does the problem occur? (2 out of 10 etc.)
• When did the problem start to occur? (Since purchase/Used to work correctly)
• Type name of the PROM programmer (Advantest R4945A etc.)
• Specified device when writing to PROM (M27C101 etc.)
• Specified programming area when writing to PROM
• Switch settings of the adapter when writing to PROM
( 16 / 18 )
PCA7401 User's Manual
Rev. 1.00
July 1, 2003
REJ10J0185-0100Z
COPYRIGHT ©2003 RENESAS TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
AND RENESAS SOLUTIONS CORPORATION ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
PCA7401
User’s Manual
1753, Shimonumabe, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 211-8668 Japan
REJ10J0185-0100Z