Protogate Freeway 3600 Installation guide

Freeway® 3412 Hardware Installation
Guide
DC 900-2018A
Protogate, Inc.
12225 World Trade Drive
Suite R
San Diego, CA
92128
USA
Web: www.protogate.com
Email: sales@protogate.com
Voice: (858) 451-0865
Fax: (877) 473-0190
Freeway® 3412 Hardware Installation Guide: DC 900-2018A
by
Protogate, Inc.
Published September 2011
Copyright © 2011 Protogate, Inc.
This Installation Guide covers the installation and configuration of the Freeway® 3412. The Freeway 3412 is a
4U-chassis version of the Freeway.
The latest version of this document is always available, in a variety of formats and compression options, from the
Protogate World Wide Web server (http://www.protogate.com/support/manuals).
This document can change without notice. Protogate, Inc. accepts no liability for any errors this document might contain.
Freeway is a registered trademark of Protogate, Inc. All other trademarks and trade names are the properties of their respective holders.
Table of Contents
Preface............................................................................................................................................................................v
Purpose of Document ............................................................................................................................................v
Intended Audience.................................................................................................................................................v
Organization of Document ....................................................................................................................................v
Protogate References.............................................................................................................................................v
Document Conventions ..................................................................................................................................... viii
Revision History................................................................................................................................................ viii
Customer Support.............................................................................................................................................. viii
1. Safety Precautions.....................................................................................................................................................9
1.1. English -- Safety Precautions .........................................................................................................................9
1.2. Français -- Précautions d’emploi....................................................................................................................9
1.3. Deutsch -- Sicherheitsvorkehrungen ............................................................................................................10
1.4. Italiano -- Norme di sicurezza......................................................................................................................10
2. Getting Started........................................................................................................................................................12
3. Hardware Installation.............................................................................................................................................13
3.1. Overview ......................................................................................................................................................13
4. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using an Init Diskette....................................................................................17
4.1. Assumptions .................................................................................................................................................17
4.2. Configuration Procedure ..............................................................................................................................17
5. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using the Local Console................................................................................22
5.1. Assumptions .................................................................................................................................................22
5.2. Configuration Procedure ..............................................................................................................................22
A. Electrical Interfaces ...............................................................................................................................................26
B. Freeway 3412 LED Panel.......................................................................................................................................28
Index.............................................................................................................................................................................29
Colophon......................................................................................................................................................................31
iii
List of Tables
1. Revision History ..................................................................................................................................................... viii
4-1. Freeway System Boot Parameters .........................................................................................................................18
4-2. Flags for Freeway Reset Action ............................................................................................................................20
A-1. Commonly Used Electrical Interfaces ..................................................................................................................26
iv
Preface
Purpose of Document
This document describes the hardware installation procedures for Protogate’s Freeway 3412 communications server.
It is used in conjunction with the Freeway User’s Guide, which describes the software installation procedure.
Intended Audience
This document should be read by computer technicians who will be installing the Freeway communications server.
System administrators and system integrators may also find it useful.
Organization of Document
This document is organized into the following major sections:
Chapter 1
is a list of safety precautions to observe when working with the Freeway hardware.
Chapter 2
is an overview of the Freeway installation procedure.
Chapter 3
describes the hardware installation.
Chapter 4
describes how to configure the boot parameters using the boot parameter initialization disk.
Chapter 5
describes how to configure the boot parameters using the local console.
Appendix A
shows the commonly used electrical interfaces.
Appendix B
describes the LEDs on the Freeway 3412 front panel.
v
Preface
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Protogate References
The following general product documentation list is provided to familiarize you with the available Protogate Freeway
and embedded ICP products. Most of these documents are available on-line at Protogate’s web site
(http://www.protogate.com/).
General Product Overview Documents
Freeway 1100 Technical Overview
Freeway 2000/4000/8800 Technical Overview
25-000-0419
25-000-0374
ICP2432 Technical Overview
ICP6000X Technical Overview
25-000-0420
25-000-0522
Hardware Support Documents
Freeway 500 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 1100/1150 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2000
DC-900-1370
Freeway 1200/1300 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 2000/4000 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-1537
DC-900-1331
Freeway 8800 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3100 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-1553
DC-900-2002
Freeway 3200 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3400 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2003
DC-900-2004
Freeway 3600 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3110 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2005
DC-900-2012
Freeway 3210 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2013
Freeway 3410 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3610 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2014
DC-900-2015
Freeway 3112 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3212 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2016
DC-900-2017
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Freeway 3612 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2018
DC-900-2019
Freeway ICP6000R/ICP6000X Hardware Description
ICP6000(X)/ICP9000(X) Hardware Description and Theory of Operation
DC-900-1020
DC-900-0408
ICP2424 Hardware Description and Theory of Operation
ICP2432 Hardware Description and Theory of Operation
DC-900-1328
DC-900-1501
ICP2432 Electrical Interfaces (Addendum to DC-900-1501)
ICP2432 Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-1566
DC-900-1502
ICP2432B Hardware Installation Guide
DC-900-2009
vi
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Preface
Freeway Software Installation and Configuration Support Documents
Freeway Message Switch User Guide
DC-900-1588
Freeway Release Addendum: Client Platforms
Freeway User Guide
DC-900-1555
DC-900-1333
Freeway Loopback Test Procedures
DC-900-1533
Embedded ICP Software Installation and Programming Support Documents
ICP2432 User Guide for Digital UNIX
ICP2432 User Guide for OpenVMS Alpha
DC-900-1513
DC-900-1511
ICP2432 User Guide for OpenVMS Alpha (DLITE Interface)
ICP2432 User Guide for Solaris STREAMS
DC-900-1516
DC-900-1512
ICP2432 User Guide for Windows NT
ICP2432 User Guide for Windows NT (DLITE Interface)
DC-900-1510
DC-900-1514
Application Program Interface (API) Programming Support Documents
Freeway Data Link Interface Reference Guide
Freeway Transport Subsystem Interface Reference Guide
DC-900-1385
DC-900-1386
QIO/SQIO API Reference Guide
DC-900-1355
Socket Interface Programming Support Documents
Freeway Client-Server Interface Control Document
DC-900-1303
Toolkit Programming Support Documents
Freeway Server-Resident Application (SRA) Programmer Guide
OS/Impact Programmer Guide
DC-900-1325
DC-900-1030
Freeway OS/Protogate Programmer’s Guide
Protocol Software Toolkit Programmer Guide
DC-900-2008
DC-900-1338
Protocol Software Toolkit Programmer’s Guide (ICP2432B)
DC-900-2007
Protocol Support Documents
ADCCP NRM Programmer Guide
DC-900-1317
Asynchronous Wire Service (AWS) Programmer Guide
AUTODIN Programmer Guide
DC-900-1324
DC-908-1558
Bit-Stream Protocol Programmer Guide
DC-900-1574
BSC Programmer Guide
BSCDEMO User Guide
DC-900-1340
DC-900-1349
Protogate DC-900-2018A
vii
Preface
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
BSCTRAN Programmer Guide
DC-900-1406
DDCMP Programmer Guide
FMP Programmer Guide
DC-900-1343
DC-900-1339
Military/Government Protocols Programmer Guide
N/SP-STD-1200B Programmer Guide
DC-900-1602
DC-908-1359
NASCOM Programmer’s Guide
SIO STD-1300 Programmer Guide
DC-900-2010
DC-908-1559
TIMI Programmer’s Guide
X.25 Call Service API Guide
DC-900-2011
DC-900-1392
X.25/HDLC Configuration Guide
X.25 Low-Level Interface
DC-900-1345
DC-900-1307
Document Conventions
In this document, the term "Freeway" refers to the Freeway 3412.
Revision History
The revision history of the Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide, Protogate document DC 900-2018, is
recorded below:
Table 1. Revision History
Revision
Release Date
Description
DC 900-2018A
September 2011
Initial Release
Customer Support
If you are having trouble with any Protogate product, call us at 1-858-451-0865 (U.S.) Monday through Friday
between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. Pacific time. You can also fax your questions to us at (858) 451-2865 or (877) 473-0190
any time. Please include a cover sheet addressed to "Customer Service." We are always interested in suggestions for
improving our products. You can use the report form in the back of this manual to send us your recommendations.
viii
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Chapter 1. Safety Precautions
1.1. English -- Safety Precautions
Be sure to take the following safety precautions during installation and maintenance of the Freeway communications
server:
•
Observe the warnings and directions printed on the Freeway server and its associated equipment.
•
Check the electrical rating label on the Freeway chassis. Be sure that the voltage and frequency of your power
source match this rating.
•
The Freeway server must be plugged into a grounded, three-wire power outlet. Do not use an adapter that permits
a three-wire electrical cord to be plugged into a two-wire power outlet.
•
Use appropriately rated extension cords or power strips only.
•
To ensure proper cooling, always operate the Freeway server with its covers in place. Do not cover or block any of
the openings on the Freeway chassis. Do not place the unit near a heater.
•
Do not insert objects through openings in the Freeway chassis. Doing so could result in a short circuit that might
cause a fire or an electric shock.
•
Do not modify the Freeway equipment in any way. Protogate, Inc. is not responsible for regulatory compliance of
any Freeway communications server that has been modified. Altering the Freeway enclosure in any way other than
the installation of Protogate-provided options may invalidate Freeway’s safety certifications.
•
Always unplug the Freeway AC power cord before removing the top cover for servicing.
1.2. Français -- Précautions d’emploi
Nous vous prions de suivre les précautions d’emploi suivantes au cours de l’installation ou au cours de tout entretien
de votre serveur de communication Freeway:
•
Respecter les avertissements et les instructions imprimées sur le serveur Freeway et les appareils qui y sont
associés.
•
Vérifier les normes électriques indiquées sur une étiquette se trouvant sur le châssis Freeway. Prière de s’assurer
que le voltage et la fréquence de la source d’alimentation sont compatibles avec ces normes.
•
Le serveur Freeway doit être branché dans une prise de terre à trois broches. Ne pas utiliser d’adaptateur
permettant de brancher une prise mâle à trois broches dans une prise de courant à deux broches.
•
N’utiliser des rallonges, fils électriques ou parasurtenseurs qu’aux normes appropriées.
•
Afin de refroidir correctement le serveur Freeway, utiliser seulement celui-ci avec la housse en place. Ne pas
couvrir ou bloquer les ouvertures du châssis Freeway. Ne pas placer l’appareil Freeway près d’une source de
chaleur.
•
Ne pas insérer d’objets par les ouvertures du châssis Freeway. Ceci risquerait de provoquer un court-circuit
résultant à une décharge ou un incendie.
9
Chapter 1. Safety Precautions
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
•
Ne pas modifier l’appareil Freeway de quelque manière que ce soit. Protogate, Inc. ne pourra être tenu responsable
de toute infraction aux normes d’un serveur de communication Freeway ayant été modifié. Toute altération de
l’enveloppe Freeway d’une manière autre que pour l’installation d’options fournies par Protogate risque de rendre
les normes de sécurité de Freeway invalides.
•
Toujours débrancher le fil d’alimentation en courant alternatif de Freeway avant d’enlever la housse supérieure ou
inférieure à des fins d’entretien.
1.3. Deutsch -- Sicherheitsvorkehrungen
Vergewissern Sie sich, daß die folgenden Sicherheitsmaßnahmen bei der Installation und Wartung des Freeway
Kommunikations-Servers eingehalten werden:
•
Lesen Sie die Anleitung und Sicherheitsregeln auf dem Freeway Server und auf dem Zubehör.
•
Die Voltspannung und Frequenz der von Ihnen verwendeten Stromquelle muß mit den elektrischen Werten, die auf
dem Freeway Chassis angegeben sind, übereinstimmen.
•
Der Freeway Server muß an eine geerdete, dreiadrige Stromquelle angeschlossen werden. Bitte verwenden Sie
keine Adapter, die den Anshluß dreiadriger Kabel an zweiadrige Stromquellen ermöglichen.
•
Benutzen Sie nur den Angaben entsprechende Verlängerungskabel oder Steckdosenleisten.
•
Benutzen Sie den Freeway Server nur, wenn alle Abdeckungen intakt sind und die vordere Scharniertür
geschlossen ist. Blockieren Sie in keiner Weise irgendwelche Öffnungen des Freeway Chassis, und positionieren
Sie den Apparat nicht in der Nähe einer Heizung.
•
Stecken Sie keine Gegenstände durch die Öffnungen des Gehäuses; dies könnte einen Kurzschluß hervorrufen, der
einen Brand oder einen elektrischen Schlag verursachen kann.
•
Verändern Sie in keiner Weise das Freeway Zubehör. Protogate, Inc. ist nicht für abgeänderte Freeway
Kommunikations-Server verantwortlich, die demzufolge den vorgeschriebenen Regeln nicht entsprechen. Jegliche
Abänderungen der Freeway Anlage, mit Ausnahme der Installation von Protogate-Sonderausstattungen, können
die Sicherheitsbescheinigung der Anlage ungültig werden lassen.
•
Entfernen Sie immer das Freeway Stromkabel von der Stromquelle, bevor Sie die oberen oder unteren Deckel zur
Wartung abnehmen.
1.4. Italiano -- Norme di sicurezza
Durante l’installazione e la manutenzione del server per le comunicazioni Freeway seguire le seguenti norme di
sicurezza:
•
Seguire le avvertenze e le istruzioni stampate sul server Freeway e sulle altre unità ad esso collegate;
•
Controllare l’etichetta con l’indicazione del voltaggio elettrico sul telaio ed assicurarsi che voltaggio e frequenza
della presa di corrente vi corrispondano;
•
Il server Freeway deve essere collegato ad una spina con messa a terra, e con tre fili. Non usare un adattatore che
consente di collegare un filo a tre fili in una presa a due;
10
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 1. Safety Precautions
•
Usare solo fili e prese multiple con taratura appropriata;
•
Per assicurare un raffreddamento adeguato usare sempre il server Freeway con il suo relativo coperchio. Non
coprire o bloccare nessuna delle aperture del telaio di Freeway. Non collocare l’unità vicino a fonti di calore;
•
Non inserire oggetti nelle aperture situate sul telaio di Freeway, perchè così facendo si rischia di provocare un
corto circuito, che può generare un incendio o una scossa elettrica;
•
Non modificare in nessun modo l’unità Freeway. La Protogate, Inc. non è responsabile della conformità alle norme
di nessun server Freeway per le comunicazioni che sia stato modificato. L’alterazione in qualsiasi maniera del
telaio di Freeway, che differisca dalle opzioni di installazione fornite dalla Protogate, può invalidare le garanzie di
sicurezza;
•
Prima di togliere il coperchio o la base per effettuare qualsiasi manutenzione, ogliere sempre la spina di Freeway.
Protogate DC-900-2018A
11
Chapter 2. Getting Started
This manual describes how to install the Freeway 3412 hardware and configure the boot parameters. The following is
a summary of the complete installation procedure:
1. Install the hardware as described in Chapter 3 of this manual.
2. Install the software onto the boot server as described in the Freeway User’s Guide.
3. If you are using the boot parameter initialization disk, configure the boot parameters as described in Chapter 4 of
this manual.
4. If you are using a local console, configure the boot parameters as described in Chapter 5 of this manual.
5. Boot the Freeway server.
6. Run the loopback test as described in the Freeway Loopback Test Procedures.
7. Customize your installation, if necessary, as described in the Freeway User’s Guide.
8. Familiarize yourself with Freeway operations as described in the Freeway User’s Guide.
12
Chapter 3. Hardware Installation
3.1. Overview
This chapter describes how to set up the Freeway communications server and connect it to the network.
1. Review the safety guidelines in the "Safety Precautions" section in Chapter 1.
2. Place your Freeway in the selected location. It can be installed in any standard 19-inch rack. It can also be set on
a table top where it will occupy about three square feet. There should be room to set a monitor nearby and
enough clearance to ensure that the air vents will not be blocked.
The Freeway 3412 has an autoswitching power supply to accommodate different voltages and AC frequencies
( 115 or 230 VAC at 50 or 60 Hz ). It must be near one grounded, three-wire electrical outlet. If your Freeway is
equipped with multiple redundant power supplies, additional grounded three-wire electrical outlets may be
required.
The Freeway must also be near the LAN and WAN connectors that will be plugged into it.
Be sure the location meets the following environmental standards:
•
Operating temperature: 0◦ - 40◦ C ( 32◦ - 104◦ F )
•
Storage temperature: -20◦ - +70◦ C ( -4◦ - +158◦ F )
•
Humidity: 20% - 95% (@40◦ C, non-condensing)
•
Vibration (Operating): 5 Hz to 500 Hz: 0.5 G (RMS)
•
Random Vibration (Non-operation): 5 to 20 Hz: 0.001 to 0.01 G2 per Hz, 20 to 500 Hz: 0.01 G2 per Hz
•
Shock (Operating): 2.0 G with 11 mSec duration, 1/2 sine wave
•
Acoustic Noise: Less than 52 dB sound pressure at +5◦ to +28◦ C ( +41◦ to +82◦ F )
•
Altitude: 0 - 10,000 feet (0 - 3048 meters)
•
Good ventilation
•
Little or no dust
3. Check that the shipping carton includes the following:
•
Freeway
•
Power cord
•
Serial Console cable (each end of the cable has both a 9-pin and a 25-pin connector)
•
Freeway Server Software distribution media (CDROM) with the Freeway User’s Guide and other supporting
documentation
If an ICP board is installed in your Freeway 3412, the shipping carton should also include (if these items were
ordered at the same time as your Freeway):
•
Appropriate cables to connect the ICP to the data communications equipment
•
Two- and three-headed loopback cables, one per Freeway
13
Chapter 3. Hardware Installation
•
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Software distribution media for an ICP protocol, with the applicable programmer’s guide and other supporting
documentation
The carton may also contain other documentation. If anything is missing, contact your Protogate customer
service representative at 1-858-451-0865.
Note: Keep the original box and packing material. To avoid damage during shipment, use the original box
and packing material when shipping your Freeway.
4. You must supply the following:
•
Ethernet local area network (10BaseT, 100BaseT, or 1000BaseT)
•
Computer running IP and FTP or RSH to be used as a boot server (if the Freeway will boot over the network)
•
System console to configure the boot parameters and perform the initial system boot. The system console can
be either a VT100-compatible serial terminal (or terminal emulator), or a PS/2 keyboard and VGA monitor
•
Cables for connecting Freeway to the LAN and WAN
•
Synchronous modem for loopback testing described in the Freeway Loopback Test Procedures
5. Familiarize yourself with the Freeway’s front panel. Figure 3-1 shows a front view of the Freeway 3412. See
Appendix B for a description of the Freeway 3412 LED indications.
Figure 3-1. Front View, Freeway 3412 (half-width door not shown)
Intake Fan Grill
CDROM Drive
Protogate
System
Reset
Alarm
Reset
Freeway
Power
USB PS/2
Disk Tray
6. Familiarize yourself with the Freeway’s back panel. Figure 3-2 shows the back panel of the Freeway 3412. That
figure shows a Freeway 3412 with several four-port or eight-port ICP2432 boards installed. Your Freeway 3412
14
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 3. Hardware Installation
may have either a 2-port ICP board, a secondary ethernet, or a metal plate installed in place of the ICP boards
shown.
Figure 3-2. Rear View, Freeway 3412 (Redundant Power Supply Configuration)
Power
Connectors
Power Supply
Exhaust Fans
Power
Switches
Freeway
Console
4/10 4/9 4/8 4/7 4/6 4/5 4/4
PCI Bus / Addresses (decimal)
ICP Connectors
Secondary
Ethernet
Primary
Ethernet
3/13 3/14 3/15
PS/2
Keyboard
VGA
Video
7. Make sure that the Freeway 3412 is powered off, then make the LAN connections. The Freeway’s CPU board
has an RJ-45 connector for twisted-pair cable complying with the 10/100/1000BaseT specification.
Caution Alert your system administrator before making connections to your LAN. To avoid a disruption of
service on your LAN, carefully plan how you will make the connections. We recommend that you power off
the Freeway server during cable installation and removal.
Check with your system administrator to find out what type of cable is used at your site. You may need to use a
mini-hub to convert from 10/100/1000BaseT to 10Base2 or 10Base5 (100BaseT and 1000BaseT always use the
RJ-45 connector). You can obtain the necessary equipment and cables from a computer accessory vendor.
8. Make sure that the Freeway 3412 is powered off, then connect the ICP board to your wide area network WAN.
Power off Freeway completely We recommend that you power off the Freeway server and modem during
cable installation and removal. This will prevent damage to an ICP due to electrical discharge as contact is
made or broken.
Figure 3-2 shows an example Freeway 3412 hardware configuration. The Freeway 3412 has nine PCI slots,
which can be used either by ICP2432 boards or by optional secondary Ethernet Network Interface (NIC) Cards.
In this example, nine four-port or eight-port ICP2432 boards are installed.
The two-port ICP board has two separate 26-pin high-density connectors; port 0 is the connector nearest the top
of the Freeway 3412 chassis and port 1 is the other connector. Both the four-port and the eight-port boards have
the same 100-pin high-density connector. The four-port board uses a "quadrapus" (one-to-four) cable to attach
Protogate DC-900-2018A
15
Chapter 3. Hardware Installation
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
four DB25 or DB37 connectors to the 100-pin connector. The eight-port board uses an "octopus" (one-to-eight)
cable to attach eight DB25 connectors to the 100-pin connector. Port numbers are identified on the terminating
ends of the quadrapus or octopus cable.
9. Plug the power cord into the power input socket on the Freeway’s back panel and into an AC electrical outlet
near your Freeway, making sure the voltage supplied is appropriate for the Freeway. If your Freeway is equipped
with multiple redundant power supplies, connect AC power to each power input socket on the Freeway.
10. Perform the software installation procedures on your boot server as described in the Freeway User’s Guide.
11. Configure the boot parameters. There are two ways to do this. You can use the boot parameter initialization disk
as described in Chapter 4 or you can attach a local console to your Freeway as described in Chapter 5.
16
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Chapter 4. Configuring the Boot Parameters
Using an Init Diskette
This chapter describes how to use a boot parameter initialization diskette to configure the boot parameters and boot
your Freeway server. You can boot Freeway from a boot server attached to your IP network or from Freeway’s hard
or flash drive.
4.1. Assumptions
If you are booting from a boot server, it is assumed that:
1. You have performed the hardware installation procedures described in Chapter 3.
2. You know which protocol you will be installing on your boot server (for example, BSC2780/3780, FMP, or
X.25). The protocol is indicated on the label of the software distribution media.
Note: If you are installing more than one protocol, it is best to perform the software installation (described in
the Freeway User’s Guide) and loopback verification testing (described in the Freeway Loopback Test
Procedures) for one protocol before attempting to customize your Freeway system for multiple protocols.
3. The system administrator has set up a file transfer protocol (FTP) or remote shell (RSH) user name and
password on the boot server to match the FTP user name and the FTP password in the Freeway system boot
parameters. The default FTP user name is freeway and the default FTP password is password.
You can change the default FTP user name and FTP password that the Freeway uses by changing the
corresponding boot parameters on the Freeway system. If you do, remember that you must also change the user
name and password of the FTP account on the boot server.
4. The system administrator has assigned the following device names and addresses in the UNIX /etc/hosts file,
the Windows NT hosts or lmhosts file, or using your VMS TCP/IP package:
•
Freeway server name and Internet address
•
Boot server name and Internet address
•
Gateway Internet address (if applicable)
4.2. Configuration Procedure
The procedure for configuring the Freeway system boot parameters is the same for UNIX, VMS, and Windows NT
systems. Freeway obtains the boot parameters from local non-volatile memory during system boot. Therefore, when
you configure the boot parameters in the following steps, all applicable parameters must be configured. The
parameters specified in a boot parameter initialization diskette serve to supplement any already-existing parameters,
17
Chapter 4. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using an Init Diskette
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
so it is only necessary to specify the parameters which you wish to change. However, it is usually best to specify
them all so that all the boot parameters will always be set correctly, since any boot parameters which are not set
explicitly by the boot parameter diskette will be in an unknown state (whatever they were set to before).
1. The boot parameter initialization diskette is a DOS-formatted bootable floppy diskette, with an
AUTOEXEC.BAT file which includes this line:
copy a:bootparm.txt c:bootparm.txt
The boot parameter initialization diskette must also contain a file of the name bootparm.txt, which contains
lines of the form shown in Figure 4-1.
To configure the boot parameter initialization diskette, insert it into any PC. The bootparm.txt file, shown in
Figure 4-1, can be viewed with any text editor. Edit this file to configure the boot parameters, as described in
Table 4-1. Be sure to select the appropriate option to save this file as text if this is not the default format of your
editor.
A missing line, or a line with a blank field after the colon, will result in the value of that specific boot parameter
remaining unchanged. Any line with a single period (".") character after the colon will result in that boot
parameter being cleared (set to the empty string). Any other string to the right of the colon will be used as the
new value for that boot parameter. Any line which has a "#" as the first non-whitespace character will be taken as
a comment line, and will have no effect on any boot parameters.
Figure 4-1. Example of the Freeway System Boot Parameters (Init Disk)
Boot_Device
Processor_Number
FTP_User_Name
FTP_Password
Flags
Freeway_Server_Name
Freeway_Inet_Address
Freeway_Subnet_Mask
Boot_Server_Name
Boot_Server_Inet_Address
System_Boot_Directory
System_Boot_File_Name
Configuration_File_Name
Secondary_Net_Interface
Gateway_Inet_Address
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
fei
0
freeway
password
0
freeway1
192.168.1.193
ffffff00
bootmaster
192.168.1.2
/usr/local/freeway/boot
fw486
bootcfg.pci
Table 4-1. Freeway System Boot Parameters
Boot Parameter
Description
Boot Device
To boot over Ethernet from the boot server using the primary Ethernet (on the CPU
board), set the boot device to fei or fei0. To boot over Ethernet from the boot server
using the secondary Ethernet board, set the boot device to fei1. To boot from the local
disk, set the boot device to ide=0,0.
Processor Number
The only valid number for this parameter is 0.
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Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 4. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using an Init Diskette
Boot Parameter
Description
FTP User Name
If booting from the boot server, Freeway uses this name to log in to its FTP (or RSH)
user account. The default is freeway. This is not required if you are booting from the
local disk.
FTP Password
If booting from the boot server, Freeway uses this password to log in to its user account.
The default is password. This parameter is optional. If a password is given, FTP is
used during system boot; if it is cleared, the remote shell (RSH) protocol is used.
Flags
This parameter specifies whether you want Freeway to:
• Autoboot two seconds after system reset, seven seconds after system reset, or not
at all
Force the primary boot network interface to operate at 10 megabits/second, half
duplex
•
Enter the Flags value shown in Table 4-2 that matches your configuration
requirements. The default Flags value is 0. The Flags word is an inclusive "OR" of the
desired bits for the individual functions.
Freeway Server Name
Enter the system name assigned by the system administrator for this Freeway.
Freeway Inet Address
Enter the Internet address assigned by the system administrator for this Freeway in
decimal dot notation (for example, 192.168.1.193).
Freeway Subnet Mask
If your Freeway is located on a subnet, enter the subnet mask in hexa- decimal notation
(for example, ffffff00).
Boot Server Name
Enter the name assigned by the system administrator for the boot server. Optionally,
you can clear this field and the software will assign the default name "bootserver." If
you are booting from the local disk, this parameter is ignored.
Boot Server Inet Address
Enter the Internet address assigned by the system administrator for the boot server in
decimal dot notation (for example, 192.168.1.2). If you are booting from the local disk,
this parameter is ignored.
System Boot Directory
If the Freeway boot files will be stored in the home directory of the FTP (or RSH) user
account, clear this field. Otherwise, enter the full path name of the boot directory. The
default UNIX directory is /usr/local/freeway/boot. The default VMS directory
is SYS$SYSDEVICE:[FREEWAY.BOOT]. For Windows NT versions earlier than 4.0, the
default directory is c:\freeway\boot. For Windows NT 4.0 or later, use the alias you
have set up to point to the freeway\boot directory. To boot from the local disk, set the
system boot directory to /ide.
System Boot File Name
Enter the system boot file name for this Freeway. The default is fw486.
Configuration File Name
This parameter contains the file that Freeway uses to configure the physical devices and
services. Enter the file name for your Freeway. The default is bootcfg.pci. For any
Freeway using ICP_IP virtual ICP devices, the default is bootcfg.ip.
Protogate DC-900-2018A
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Chapter 4. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using an Init Diskette
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Boot Parameter
Description
Secondary Network
Interface
If the Boot Device (boot server) is an IP network device, the Secondary Network
Interface parameter is unused (this is the default). If the Boot Device is the hard or flash
disk, this parameter specifies the local area network device to be used after the Freeway
boots. Set this parameter to fei to use the primary Ethernet (on the CPU board) or
fei1 to use the secondary Ethernet board.
Gateway Inet Interface
If your Freeway and boot server are on the same local network, clear this parameter
(this is the default). If they are on different networks, enter the IP address of the gateway
machine on the Freeway’s network that provides access to the boot server’s network.
Table 4-2. Flags for Freeway Reset Action
Flags Parameter Value
Boot Protocol and Reset Action
0x0000 (default)
Upon system reset, wait 7 seconds before autobooting.
0x0004
Upon system reset, display the Freeway Boot System Main Menu. Do not autoboot.
0x0008
Upon system reset, wait 2 seconds before autobooting.
0x2000
Force primary boot network interface to operate at 10 megabits/second, half duplex.
The Flags word is an inclusive "OR" of the desired bits for the individual functions; for
example, 0x2008 waits 2 seconds before autobooting and forces the 10
megabits/second speed.
2. Use the blank form in Figure 4-2 to write down your boot parameter configurations for future reference.
Figure 4-2. Configured Freeway System Boot Parameters (Init Disk)
Freeway System Boot Parameters
-----------------------------Boot Device
Processor Number
FTP User Name
FTP Password
Flags
Freeway Server Name
Freeway Inet Address
Freeway Subnet Mask
Boot Server Name
Boot Server Inet Address
System Boot Directory
System Boot File Name
Configuration File Name
Secondary Net Interface
Gateway Inet Address
20
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_____________________________________
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_____________________________________
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_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
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Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 4. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using an Init Diskette
3. Save the edited bootparm.txt file to the boot parameter initialization floppy disk, then remove the floppy disk
from the PC.
4. Insert the initialization disk in the Freeway’s floppy drive. Turn on the power. The Freeway will boot from the
floppy disk, and automatically execute the autoexec.bat commands to copy the bootparm.txt file from the
floppy to the "C:" partition of the Freeway’s disk.
After the bootparm.txt is copied, remove the initialization disk from the floppy drive and reboot the Freeway.
When the Freeway boots, it will discover bootparm.txt in the C: DOS partition and extract the boot parameter
lines from it, then delete it (it is deleted so it doesn’t interfere with later changes to the boot parameters, when the
Freeway is subsequently booted). The Freeway boot process performs rudimentary error checking on some of
the parameters to verify that the values provided are of the correct format for the parameter type, but otherwise
simply writes the parameters into the NVRAM.txt file exactly as provided. If an undetected error occurs (for
example, a critical parameter missing or misspelled in the bootparm.txt file), the Freeway may fail to boot.
If Freeway attempts to boot for several minutes (as can be detected by its beeping and accessing the hard disk),
assume that there is a problem with the boot parameters or the network connection. Insert the boot parameter
initialization disk in the PC again and review the boot parameters on the disk to be sure they are set correctly for
your Freeway’s configuration. Once set correctly, go back to the beginning of this step 4 and try again (insert the
boot parameter initialization disk into the Freeway’s disk drive and reboot it).
5. After the Freeway boots successfully, store the boot initialization diskette. It can be used to re-set exactly the
same boot parameters again, either on the same Freeway or any other Freeway system.
Note: After the initial system boot, you can telnet or rlogin to Freeway from the boot server (or from any
other computer on the network) and use the Freeway Interactive Menu for Freeway operations as described
in the Freeway User’s Guide.
You can use the Freeway Interactive Menu to modify the boot parameters. If, however, Freeway is booted with
the boot parameter initialization disk in the floppy drive, any boot parameters that were modified using the
Freeway menu will be overwritten by the values in the bootparm.txt file.
6. Run the loopback test to check the hardware and software installation as described in the Freeway Loopback
Test Procedures.
7. If Freeway will normally boot from the boot server, installation is complete. If Freeway will boot from its local
disk, you must download the files from the boot server onto the local disk. Follow the instructions in the "Build
Hard Disk from Boot Server" section in the Freeway User’s Guide.
Protogate DC-900-2018A
21
Chapter 5. Configuring the Boot Parameters
Using the Local Console
This chapter describes how to use a local console to configure the boot parameters and boot your Freeway. You can
boot Freeway from a boot server attached to your IP network or from Freeway’s hard or flash drive.
5.1. Assumptions
If you are booting from a boot server, it is assumed that:
1. You have performed the hardware installation procedures described in Chapter 3.
2. You know which protocol you will be installing on your boot server (for example, BSC2780/3780, FMP, or
X.25). The protocol is indicated on the label of the software distribution media.
Note: If you are installing more than one protocol, it is best to perform the software installation (described in
the Freeway User’s Guide) and loopback verification testing (described in the Freeway Loopback Test
Procedures) for one protocol before attempting to customize your Freeway system for multiple protocols.
3. The system administrator has set up a file transfer protocol (FTP) or remote shell (RSH) user name and
password on the boot server to match the FTP user name and the FTP password in the Freeway system boot
parameters. The default FTP user name is freeway and the default FTP password is password.
You can change the default FTP user name and FTP password that the Freeway uses by changing the
corresponding boot parameters on the Freeway system. If you do, remember that you must also change the user
name and password of the FTP account on the boot server.
4. The system administrator has assigned the following device names and addresses in the UNIX /etc/hosts file,
the Windows NT hosts or lmhosts file, or using your VMS TCP/IP package:
•
Freeway server name and Internet address
•
Boot server name and Internet address
•
Gateway Internet address (if applicable)
5.2. Configuration Procedure
The procedure for configuring the Freeway system boot parameters is the same for UNIX, VMS, and Windows NT
systems. Freeway obtains the boot parameters from local non-volatile memory during system boot. Therefore, when
you configure the boot parameters in the following steps, all applicable parameters must be configured.
22
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 5. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using the Local Console
1. Connect a system console to your Freeway 3412. You will use this console to configure the boot parameters and
perform the initial system boot. Later you can disconnect the console because you can then perform these
configuration functions using telnet or rlogin through any terminal or workstation connected to the network.
The system console can be either:
•
a VT100-compatible terminal or terminal emulator connected to the COM1 connector on the rear panel of the
Freeway 3412, or
•
an ordinary "PC" VGA video monitor and PS/2 keyboard connected to the VGA and keyboard connectors on
the rear panel of the Freeway 3412.
The Freeway 3412 system determines which interface to use as its system console by probing the keyboard
interface during system boot. If a keyboard is detected, then the console input is taken from that keyboard, and
console output is directed to the VGA monitor. If no keyboard is detected, then console input and output is taken
from (and sent to) the COM1 serial port.
If your system console will be a VT100-compatible terminal or terminal emulator, it should be connected to
Freeway using the cable supplied with your Freeway that has both a 9-pin and a 25-pin connector at each end.
Connect the 9-pin connector on one end of the cable to the COM1 connector on the Freeway’s back panel. For
the location of this connector, see Figure 3-2; it is the connector labelled "COM1" in that figure. Connect the
25-pin connector on the other end of the cable to the VT100-compatible terminal or emulator that you want to
use as a console.
2. If using a serial terminal as your system console, configure it to operate with the following communications
parameters:
•
9600 bits per second
•
8 bits data
•
1 stop bit
•
No parity
•
xon/xoff enabled
3. Turn the power switch on the Freeway 3412 back panel on.
4. When prompted on the console screen, press <return> within 7 seconds to prevent the autoboot attempt. The
Freeway Boot System Main Menu shown in Figure 5-1 appears.
Note: The Freeway Boot System Main Menu is only accessible using the local console connected to the rear
of the Freeway unit. Later you can access functions to display or edit the boot parameters from any remote
console using the Freeway Interactive Menu as described in the Freeway User’s Guide.
Figure 5-1. Freeway Boot System Main Menu
Freeway Boot System Main Menu
----------------------------1) System Boot
Protogate DC-900-2018A
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Chapter 5. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using the Local Console
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
2) Display Boot Parameters
3) Edit Boot Parameters
Select:
5. Select option 3 to edit the boot parameters. The system displays the parameters one at a time. Three actions are
possible as each parameter is displayed:
•
To preserve a parameter, press <return>
•
To edit a parameter, type the new alpha-numeric information and press <return>
•
To clear a parameter, press the period key (‘.’) followed by <return>
Figure 5-2 shows an example of a Freeway System Boot Parameters screen.
Figure 5-2. Example of the Freeway System Boot Parameters (Local Console)
Freeway System Boot Parameters
--------------------------Boot Device
:
Processor Number
:
FTP User Name
:
FTP Password
:
Flags
:
Freeway Server Name
:
Freeway Inet Address
:
Freeway Subnet Mask
:
Boot Server Name
:
Boot Server Inet Address
:
System Boot Directory
:
System Boot File Name
:
Configuration File Name
:
Secondary Net Interface
:
Gateway Inet Address
:
fei
0
freeway
password
0
freeway1
207.67.135.224
ffffff00
bootmaster
207.67.135.198
/usr/local/freeway/boot
fw486
bootcfg.pci
6. Configure the boot parameters as described in Table 4-1.
7. After you have entered the last parameter (Gateway Inet Interface), the screen displays:
Save modifications?
Enter ’yes <return>’ to save modifications.
Enter ’no <return>’ to prevent modifications.
If all of the parameters have been entered correctly, enter yes; otherwise, enter no.
If you enter yes, the screen displays the following message, and the system returns to the Freeway Boot System
Main Menu after data storage completes:
24
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Chapter 5. Configuring the Boot Parameters Using the Local Console
<<< Storing Data to IDE Disk >>>
If you enter no, the system returns to the Freeway Boot System Main Menu with no modifications to the boot
parameters.
8. Select option 2 at the Freeway Boot System Main Menu (Figure 5-1) to review the current boot parameters.
Verify that the changes you entered are correct. If the changes are incorrect, or you entered no to avoid storing
data, select option 3 again and modify the boot parameters to their correct values.
9. Select option 1 from the Freeway Boot System Main Menu (Figure 5-1) on the Freeway console to perform the
system boot.
Note: After the initial system boot, you can telnet or rlogin to Freeway from the boot server (or from any
other computer on the network) and use the Freeway Interactive Menu for Freeway operations as described
in the Freeway User’s Guide.
10. Use the blank form in Figure 5-3 to write down your boot parameter configurations for future reference.
Figure 5-3. Configured Freeway System Boot Parameters (Local Console)
Freeway System Boot Parameters
-----------------------------Boot Device
Processor Number
FTP User Name
FTP Password
Flags
Freeway Server Name
Freeway Inet Address
Freeway Subnet Mask
Boot Server Name
Boot Server Inet Address
System Boot Directory
System Boot File Name
Configuration File Name
Secondary Net Interface
Gateway Inet Address
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_____________________________________
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_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
11. Run the loopback test to check the hardware and software installation as described in the Freeway Loopback
Test Procedures.
12. If Freeway will normally boot from the boot server, installation is complete. If Freeway will boot from its local
disk, you must download the files from the boot server onto the local disk. Follow the instructions in the "Build
Hard Disk from Boot Server" section in the Freeway User’s Guide.
Protogate DC-900-2018A
25
Appendix A. Electrical Interfaces
Table A-1 shows the commonly used electrical interfaces for WAN connections. Each link in a 2-port or 4-port ICP
can be individually configured to EIA-232, EIA-449, EIA-530, or V.35. The 8-port ICP provides EIA-232 only. If
you select another value for an 8-port board, it will be ignored.
Note: The Freeway is always Data Terminal Equipment (DTE), while modems are Data Communications
Equipment (DCE).
Table A-1. Commonly Used Electrical Interfaces
Signal Name
EIA-232
EIA-530
EIA-449
V.35
Source
Mnemonic
Pin
Mnemonic
-
1
-
1
-
1
Transmitted DTE
Data
BA
2
BA
2 / 14
SD
4 / 22
Received Data DCE
BB
3
BB
3 / 16
RD
Request to DTE
Send
CA
4
CA
4 / 19
Clear to Send DCE
CB
5
CB
DCE Ready DCE
(DSR)
CC
6
DTE Ready DTE
(DTR)
CD
Signal Ground
Shield
-
Pins Mnemonic
Pins Mnemonic
(A/B)
(A/B)
Pins
-
A
6 / 24
104
R/T
RS
7 / 25
105
C
5 / 13
CS
9 / 27
106
D
CC
6 / 22
DM
11 / 29
107
E
20
CD
20 / 23
TR
12 / 30
108
H
AB
7
AB
7
SG
19
102
B
Receive Line DCE
Signal Detect
(DCD)
CF
8
CF
8 / 10
RR
13 / 31
109
F
Transmit DCE
Signal Element
Timing
DB
15
DB
15 / 12
ST
5 / 23
114
Y/AA
Receive Signal DCE
Element
Timing
DD
17
DD
17 / 9
RT
8 / 26
115
V/X
Local DTE
Loopback
LL
18
LL
18
LL
10
141
L
Remote DTE
Loopback
RL
21
RL
21
RL
14
140
N
Ring Indicator DCE
CD
22
-
-
-
-
125
J
-
26
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
Signal Name
EIA-232
Appendix A. Electrical Interfaces
EIA-530
EIA-449
V.35
Source
Mnemonic
Pin
Mnemonic
DA
24
RM
25
Transmit DTE
Signal Element
Timing
Test Mode
DCE
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Pins Mnemonic
Pins Mnemonic
(A/B)
(A/B)
Pins
DA
24 / 11
TT
17 / 35
113
U/W
TM
25
TM
18
142
NN
27
Appendix B. Freeway 3412 LED Panel
The front panel of the Freeway 3412 includes several LEDs to indicate the status of various system functions such as
the power status, alarm status, and hard disk drive activity. These LEDs are described in this appendix.
Power LED
This LED shows whether the system is powered-on, and if the power supply (or supplies if there are more than
one installed in the Freeway) is/are operating correctly. This LED will not be lit unless at least one power supply
switch on the back of the case is switched on, and the system has not been powered-off with the power switch
on the front panel. In ordinary operation, this LED will be green or orange. When this LED is red, it indicates
that a redundant power supply has failed, or one of the voltages inside the Freeway case is outside the
acceptable voltage limits. In that case the alarm buzzer may also be sounding; to silence the alarm buzzer, press
the "Alarm Reset" button. Then check the redundant power supplies and power cables, and if necessary, replace
the failed power supply module.
Hard Disk (HD) LED
This LED shows the status of the primary hard drive. The LED lights whenever the drive is accessed for read or
write activity. An unlit LED indicates no activity.
Fan LED
This LED shows whether the cooling fans inside the Freeway are operating correctly. In ordinary operation, this
LED will be green or orange. When this LED is red or blinking, it indicates that one of the fans has stopped or
is failing. In that case the alarm buzzer may also be sounding; to silence the alarm buzzer, press the "Alarm
Reset" button, then immediately replace the failed fan.
Temperature LED
This LED shows whether the inside of the Freeway case is within acceptable temperature limits. In ordinary
operation, this LED will be green or orange. When this LED is red or blinking, it indicates that the temperature
is outside acceptable Freeway limits (usually this means the temperature has risen too high). In that case the
alarm buzzer may also be sounding; to silence the alarm buzzer, press the "Alarm Reset" button, then
immediately inspect the rear of the Freeway and the fan filter, and ensure that the airflow path inside the case is
smooth and unobstructed, and not blocked by a buildup of dust or other particles.
Voltage Status LEDs
These 5 LEDs show the status of the internal voltages (+3.3V, +5V, +12V, -5V, and -12V). In ordinary
operation, all 5 of these LEDs will be lit. If any of these LEDs are not lit while the Freeway is powered on, it
indicates a problem with one of the power supply voltages. In that case the alarm buzzer may also be sounding;
to silence the alarm buzzer, press the "Alarm Reset" button, then check that the power supply connectors are
attached properly. If the problem persists, there may be something wrong inside the Freeway case; consult an
experienced technician.
28
Index
G
Getting Started, 12
A
Acronyms
ICP (Intelligent Communications Processor)
H
Hardware Installation, 13
(see ICP)
IP (Internet Protocol)
(see IP)
I
WAN (Wide Area Network)
(see WAN)
Audience, v
ICP, 13, 26
Intelligent Communications Processor
(see ICP)
Internet Protocol
(see IP)
B
IP, 14
IP gateway, 18
boot configuration file, 18
Boot flags, 20
bootparm.txt, 18
L
LEDs, 28
C
Configuration using Init Diskette, 17
P
Configuration Using Local Console, 22
Customer support, viii
Preface, v
Product
support, viii
D
Document conventions, viii
R
Reference documents, vi
E
EIA-232, 26
S
EIA-449, 26
Safety Precautions, 9
EIA-530, 26
serial terminal, 14, 23
Electrical Interfaces, 26
Support, product, viii
Ethernet, 14, 18
system boot file, 18
29
Freeway 3412 Hardware Installation Guide
T
Technical support, viii
V
V.35, 26
VGA monitor, 14
VT100 terminal, 14
W
WAN, 26
Wide Area Network
(see WAN)
30
Protogate DC-900-2018A
Customer Report Form
Customer Report Form
This document was produced from DocBook SGML source, using the DocBook 4.1 DSSSL stylesheets.
We at Protogate are constantly striving to improve our products. If you have any suggestions or problems you would
like to report regarding our hardware, software, or documentation, please complete the following form and mail it to
us at Protogate, Inc., 12225 World Trade Drive, Suite R, San Diego, CA, 92128, USA. Or contact us via email:
<sales@protogate.com>, voice: (858) 451-0865, or fax: (877) 473-0190. Please also include the document title
or number and the section and page number, if applicable.
Your Name and Phone Number:
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31