book.book Page 1 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Dell™ PowerEdge™ T100 Systems
Hardware Owner’s Manual
w w w. d e l l . c o m | s u p p o r t . d e l l . c o m
book.book Page 2 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data
and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury,
or death.
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2008-2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly
forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and PowerEdge are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel
is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries; Microsoft, MS-DOS,
Windows, and Windows Server are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation
in the United States and/or other countries; UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the
United States and other countries.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming
the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and
trade names other than its own.
June 2009
Rev. A01
book.book Page 3 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Contents
1
About Your System .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Information You May Need
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing System Features During Startup .
9
. . . . . .
10
Front-Panel Features and Indicators
. . . . . . . . . .
11
Back-Panel Features and Indicators
. . . . . . . . . .
13
. . . . . . . . . . .
14
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Connecting External Devices .
NIC Indicator Codes
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
Diagnostic Lights
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
System Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
Power Supply Indicators .
Warning Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostics Messages
Alert Messages
2
9
27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Using the System Setup Program
. . . . . .
29
Entering the System Setup Program .
. . . . . . . . . .
29
Responding to Error Messages.
. . . . . . . . . .
29
. . . . . . . . .
30
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Using the System Setup Program
System Setup Options
Main Screen
Contents
3
book.book Page 4 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Memory Information Screen
CPU Information Screen
. . . . . . . . . . . .
33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
SATA Configuration Screen .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
34
Integrated Devices Screen .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Console Redirection Screen
. . . . . . . . . . . .
36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
System Security Screen
Exit Screen
System and Setup Password Features.
. . . . . . . . .
38
. . . . . . . . . . . .
39
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Using the System Password
Using the Setup Password
Disabling a Forgotten Password.
3
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing System Components
Recommended Tools .
Inside the System.
. . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
Closing the System .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
Removing the Front Drive Bezel
. . . . . . . . . .
49
Replacing the Front Drive Bezel
. . . . . . . . . .
49
Removing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel .
. . .
50
Replacing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel.
. . .
50
. . . . . .
51
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
Removing and Inserting Blank Drive Inserts
Diskette Drive
Removing the Diskette Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . .
52
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
Installing a Diskette Drive.
Optical and Tape Drives
Contents
45
Opening the System
Front Drive Bezel .
4
43
book.book Page 5 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Removing an Optical or Tape Drive .
. . . . . . . .
57
. . . . . . . . .
60
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
Installing an Optical or Tape Drive
Hard Drives.
Hard Drive Installation Guidelines
64
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
Removing a Hard Drive .
Installing a Hard Drive
Expansion Cards .
. . . . . . . . .
Removing an Expansion Card
. . . . . . . . . . .
70
Installing an Expansion Card .
. . . . . . . . . . .
73
. . . . . . . . . .
74
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
SAS Controller Expansion Card
Memory
Memory Module Upgrade Kits
. . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Installation Guidelines .
. . . . .
Addressing Memory With 8-GB Configurations
(Microsoft® Windows® Operating System Only)
.
77
. . . . . . . . . . .
78
78
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Installing a Memory Module
Removing the Processor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
Replacing the Processor .
Cooling Fans .
76
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Memory Module .
Microprocessor
76
Removing the Cooling Fans .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
84
Replacing the Cooling Fans .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
87
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
System Battery .
Removing the System Battery
. . . . . . . . . . .
90
Installing the System Battery .
. . . . . . . . . . .
91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
92
Power Supply
Removing the Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . .
92
Installing the Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . .
94
Contents
5
book.book Page 6 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Chassis Intrusion Switch
. . . . . .
94
Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch .
. . . . . .
95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Removing the Bezel .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Replacing the Bezel .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
I/O Panel Assembly
Removing the I/O Panel Assembly
. . . . . . . . .
98
Replacing the I/O Panel Assembly
. . . . . . . . .
99
System Board .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
102
Installing the System Board .
. . . . . . . . . . .
103
Troubleshooting Your System
Start-Up Routine
. . . . . . . .
105
. . . . . . . .
105
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Checking the Equipment .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting External Connections .
. . . . .
106
106
. . . . . . .
107
. . . . . . . . .
109
Troubleshooting the Keyboard or Mouse
Troubleshooting Serial I/O Problems
. . . . . . .
109
. . . . . . . . . .
110
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Troubleshooting a NIC
106
. . . . . .
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
Troubleshooting a Wet System.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting a Damaged System.
Contents
102
Removing the System Board
Safety First—For You and Your System
6
94
Removing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
Bezel
4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
113
114
book.book Page 7 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting the System Battery.
Troubleshooting Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . .
114
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
115
Troubleshooting System Cooling Problems .
Troubleshooting a Fan
. . . . . .
116
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
117
Troubleshooting System Memory
. . . . . . . . . . . .
118
Troubleshooting a Diskette Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . .
120
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive .
Troubleshooting an External SCSI Tape Drive
Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
. . . . .
123
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
124
Troubleshooting a SAS or SAS RAID Controller
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards .
. . . .
125
. . . . . . . . . . .
127
Troubleshooting the Microprocessor
5
Using Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics .
129
. . . . . . . . . .
Running the System Diagnostics .
System Diagnostics Features
122
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
131
. . . . . . . . . .
131
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
When to Use the System Diagnostics .
Running the System Diagnostics
. . . . . . . . .
132
. . . . . . . . . . . .
132
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Using the Custom Test Options
. . . . . . . . . .
132
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
133
Selecting Devices for Testing
. . . . . . . . . . .
133
Selecting Diagnostics Options
. . . . . . . . . . .
133
Viewing Information and Results .
. . . . . . . . .
Contents
134
7
book.book Page 8 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
6
Jumpers and Connectors .
System Board Jumpers .
. . . . . . . . . . .
135
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
135
System Board Connectors
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling a Forgotten Password.
7
Getting Help .
. . . . . . . . . . .
139
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
Contacting Dell .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
143
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
155
Glossary
Index
8
137
Contents
book.book Page 9 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
About Your System
This section describes the physical, firmware, and software interface features
that provide and ensure the essential functioning of your system. The
physical connectors on your system’s front and back panels provide
convenient connectivity and system expansion capability. The system
firmware, applications, and operating systems monitor the system and
component status and alert you when a problem arises. System conditions
can be reported by any of the following:
•
Front or back panel indicators
•
System messages
•
Warning messages
•
Diagnostics messages
•
Alert messages
This section describes each type of message, lists the possible causes, and
provides steps to resolve any problems indicated by a message. The system
indicators and features are illustrated in this section.
Other Information You May Need
NOTE: Important safety and regulatory information is provided in another
document. Warranty information may be included within this document or as a
separate document.
•
The Getting Started Guide provides an overview of system features, setting
up your system, and technical specifications.
•
CDs or DVDs included with your system provide documentation and tools
for configuring and managing your system.
•
Systems management software documentation describes the features,
requirements, installation, and basic operation of the software.
•
Operating system documentation describes how to install (if necessary),
configure, and use the operating system software.
•
Documentation for any components you purchased separately provides
information to configure and install these options.
About Your System
9
book.book Page 10 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
Updates are sometimes included with the system to describe changes to
the system, software, and/or documentation.
NOTE: Always check for updates on support.dell.com and read the updates
first because they often supersede information in other documents.
•
Release notes or readme files may be included to provide last-minute
updates to the system or documentation or advanced technical reference
material intended for experienced users or technicians.
Accessing System Features During Startup
Table 1-1 describes keystrokes that may be entered during startup to access
system features. If your operating system begins to load before you enter the
keystroke, allow the system to finish booting, and then restart your system
and try again.
Table 1-1.
Keystrokes for Accessing System Features
Keystroke
Description
<F2>
Enters the System Setup program. See "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 29.
<F10>
Opens the utility partition, allowing you to run the system
diagnostics. See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 132.
<F11>
Enters the boot menu selection screen, allowing you to choose a boot
device.
<F12>
Initiates PXE boot.
<Ctrl+C>
Option is displayed for some SAS controller expansion cards. Enters
the SAS Configuration Utility, which includes RAID configuration
options. See your SAS adapter User’s Guide for more information.
<Ctrl+S>
Option is displayed only if you have PXE support enabled through
the System Setup Program (see Table 2-1). This keystroke allows you
to configure NIC settings for PXE boot. For more information, see
the documentation for your integrated NIC.
10
About Your System
book.book Page 11 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Front-Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-1 shows the controls, indicators, and connectors located on the
system's front panel. Table 1-2 provides component descriptions.
Figure 1-1. Front-Panel Features and Indicators
1
6
5
4
3
2
Table 1-2.
Front-Panel Components
Item
Component
1
USB connectors (2)
Icon
Description
Connects USB 2.0-compliant
devices to the system.
About Your System
11
book.book Page 12 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-2.
Front-Panel Components (continued)
Item
Component
2
power button
Icon
Description
The power button controls the DC
power supply output to the system.
NOTE: If you turn off the system using
the power button and the system is
running an ACPI-compliant operating
system, the system performs a
graceful shutdown before the power
is turned off. If the system is not
running an ACPI-compliant operating
system, the power is turned off
immediately after the power button is
pressed.
3
power light
No light — The system is off.
Steady green — The system is
powered on.
Blinking green — The system is in a
low power state.
Steady amber — A BIOS failure
occurred before Power-On Self Test
(POST). See "Diagnostic Lights" on
page 16.
Blinking amber — There is a
problem with the power supply.
4
flex bay
Holds an optional diskette drive.
5
lower 5.25-inch drive
bay
Holds an optional optical or tape
backup unit drive.
6
upper 5.25-inch drive
bay
Holds an optical drive.
12
About Your System
book.book Page 13 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Back-Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-2 shows the controls, indicators, and connectors located on the
system's back panel.
Figure 1-2. Back-Panel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
voltage selection switch
2
power connector
3
USB connectors (5)
4
NIC connector
5
video connector
6
serial connector
7
I/O expansion-card slots (4)
About Your System
13
book.book Page 14 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Connecting External Devices
When connecting external devices to your system, follow these guidelines:
•
Most devices must be connected to a specific connector and device drivers
must be installed before the device operates properly. (Device drivers are
normally included with your operating system software or with the device
itself.) See the documentation that accompanied the device for specific
installation and configuration instructions.
•
Always attach an external device while your system and the device are
turned off. Next, turn on any external devices before turning on the system
(unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise).
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29 for information about
enabling, disabling, and configuring I/O ports and connectors.
NIC Indicator Codes
The NIC on the back panel has an indicator that provides information on
network activity and link status. See Figure 1-3. Table 1-3 lists the NIC
indicator codes.
Figure 1-3.
NIC Indicators
1
1
14
link indicator
About Your System
2
2
activity indicator
book.book Page 15 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-3.
NIC Indicator Codes
Indicator Type
Indicator Code
Description
Activity
Off
When off at the same time that the link indicator
is off, the NIC is not connected to the network or
the NIC is disabled in the System Setup
program. See "Using the System Setup Program"
on page 29.
Blinking
Indicates that network data is being sent or
received.
Off
When off at the same time that the activity
indicator is off, the NIC is not connected to the
network or the NIC is disabled in the System
Setup program. See "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 29.
Yellow
1000-Mbps connection
Orange
100-Mbps connection
Green
10-Mbps connection
Link
Power Supply Indicators
The voltage selection switch on the back panel of the system allows you to
select one of two primary voltage inputs. Ensure that the switch is set to the
proper voltage according to Table 1-4.
Table 1-4.
Voltage Selection Switch
If your power source is: The voltage selection switch should be set to:
110 V
115
220 V
230
For information on system power requirements, see "Technical Specifications"
in your Getting Started Guide.
About Your System
15
book.book Page 16 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Diagnostic Lights
The four diagnostic indicator lights on the system front panel display error
codes during system startup. Table 1-5 lists the causes and possible corrective
actions associated with these codes. A highlighted circle indicates the light is
on; a non-highlighted circle indicates the light is off.
NOTE: If the power LEDs blink amber, there is a problem with the power supply. If
the power LED shows a solid amber, a BIOS failure occurred before Power-On Self
Test (POST).
Table 1-5. Diagnostic Indicator Codes
Code
Causes
Corrective Action
The computer is in a
Plug the computer into a working
normal off condition or a electrical outlet and press the
possible pre-BIOS failure power button.
has occurred.
The diagnostic lights are
not lit after the system
successfully boots to the
operating system.
The system is in a normal Information only.
operating condition after
POST.
BIOS checksum failure
detected; system is in
recovery mode.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Possible processor failure. See "Troubleshooting the
Microprocessor" on page 129.
16
Memory failure.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118.
Possible expansion card
failure.
See "Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards" on page 127.
About Your System
book.book Page 17 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-5.
Code
Diagnostic Indicator Codes
Causes
Corrective Action
Possible video failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Diskette drive or hard
drive failure.
Ensure that the diskette drive and
hard drive are properly connected.
See "Hard Drives" on page 64 or
"Diskette Drive" on page 52 for
information on the drives
installed in your system.
Possible USB failure.
See "Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 110.
No memory modules
detected.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118.
System board failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Memory configuration
error.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118.
Possible system board
resource and/or system
board hardware failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Possible system resource
configuration error.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Other failure.
Ensure that the diskette drive,
optical drive, and hard drives are
properly connected. See
"Troubleshooting Your System" on
page 105 for the appropriate drive
installed in your system. If the
problem persists, see "Getting
Help" on page 141.
About Your System
17
book.book Page 18 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
System Messages
System messages appear on the screen to notify you of a possible problem
with the system. Table 1-6 lists the system messages that can occur and the
probable cause and corrective action for each message.
NOTE: If you receive a system message that is not listed in Table 1-6, check the
documentation for the application that is running when the message appears or the
operating system's documentation for an explanation of the message and
recommended action.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Table 1-6.
System Messages
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Attempting to
update Remote
Configuration.
Please wait....
Remote Configuration is in Wait until the process is
progress.
complete.
BIOS Update Attempt Remote BIOS update
Failed!
attempt failed.
Retry the BIOS update. If
the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
Caution! NVRAM_CLR NVRAM_CLR jumper is
jumper is installed installed.
on system board.
Check the System Setup
configuration settings. See
"Using the System Setup
Program" on page 29.
Remove the NVRAM_CLR
jumper. See Figure 6-1 for
jumper locations.
18
About Your System
book.book Page 19 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Data error
The diskette drive or hard For the operating system,
drive cannot read the data. run the appropriate utility
to check the file structure
of the diskette drive or hard
drive.
See your operating system
documentation for
information on running
these utilities.
Decreasing
available memory
One or more memory
Reinstall the memory
modules might be
modules and, if necessary,
improperly seated or faulty. replace them. See
"Memory" on page 76.
See "Troubleshooting
System Memory" on
page 118.
Diskette read
failure
Faulty or improperly
inserted diskette.
Replace the diskette.
Diskette subsystem
reset failed
Faulty diskette drive or
optical drive controller.
Ensure that the diskette
drive and optical drive
cables are properly
connected. See
"Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 110 and
"Troubleshooting an
Optical Drive" on page 122.
If the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
Drive not ready
Diskette missing or
improperly inserted in
diskette drive.
Reinsert or replace the
diskette.
About Your System
19
book.book Page 20 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Error: Incorrect
memory
configuration.
Ensure memory in
slots DIMM1_A and
DIMM1_B, DIMM2_A
and DIMM2_B match
identically in
size, speed and
rank.
The installed memory
modules are not matched
pairs.
See "Memory Module
Installation Guidelines" on
page 76.
Error 8602:
Auxiliary device
failure. Verify
that mouse and
keyboard are
securely attached
to correct
connectors.
Loose or improperly
connected mouse or
keyboard cable; faulty
mouse or keyboard.
Replace the mouse. If the
problem persists, replace
the keyboard.
Gate A20 failure
Faulty keyboard controller
(faulty system board).
See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
General failure
The operating system is
unable to carry out the
command.
This message is usually
followed by specific
information. Take the
appropriate action to
resolve the problem.
Keyboard controller Faulty keyboard controller
failure
(faulty system board).
Keyboard data line
failure
Keyboard failure
Keyboard stuck key
failure
20
About Your System
Loose or improperly
connected keyboard cable;
faulty keyboard; faulty
keyboard controller.
See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
Ensure that the keyboard is
properly connected. If the
problem persists, replace
the keyboard. If the
problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
book.book Page 21 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Keyboard fuse has
failed.
Keyboard fuse has failed.
Replace the keyboard.
Faulty system board.
If the problem persists, the
system board is faulty. See
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
Manufacturing mode
detected
System is incorrectly
configured.
Memory address line Faulty or improperly
failure at address, installed memory modules,
read value
or faulty system board.
expecting value
Memory double word
logic failure at
address, read value
expecting value
Ensure that all memory
modules are properly
installed. See
"Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118. If
the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
Memory odd/even
logic failure at
start address to
end address
Memory write/read
failure at address,
read value
expecting value
Memory tests
terminated by
keystroke
The spacebar was pressed Information only.
during POST to terminate
the memory test.
About Your System
21
book.book Page 22 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
No boot device
available
The system cannot find the If the diskette drive is your
diskette or hard drive.
boot device, ensure that a
bootable disk is in the drive.
If the hard drive is your
boot device, ensure that the
hard drive is installed,
properly seated, and
partitioned as a boot
device.
Enter the System Setup
program and verify the boot
sequence information. See
"System Setup Options" on
page 30.
No boot sector on
hard-disk drive
The system configuration
information in the System
Setup program might be
incorrect.
Enter the System Setup
program and verify the
system configuration
information for the hard
drive. See "System Setup
Options" on page 30.
If the message continues to
appear after verifying the
information in the System
Setup program, the
operating system might
have been corrupted.
Reinstall the operating
system. See your operating
system documentation for
reinstallation information.
No timer tick
interrupt
22
About Your System
A chip on the system board Run the system diagnostics.
might be malfunctioning. See "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 131.
book.book Page 23 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Not a boot diskette The operating system is
Insert a diskette that has a
trying to boot from a
bootable operating system.
diskette that does not have
a bootable operating system
installed on it.
Option ROM Checksum PCI device BIOS (Option Ensure that all appropriate
Error
ROM) checksum failure is cables are securely
detected during shadowing. connected to the expansion
cards. If the problem
persists, see
"Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" on
page 127.
PCIe Degraded Link Faulty or improperly
installed PCIe card.
Width Error:
Embedded
Bus#nn/Dev#nn/Funcn
Expected Link Width
is n
Reseat the PCIe cards. See
"Expansion Cards" on
page 70. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Actual Link Width
is n
PCIe Degraded Link Faulty or improperly
Width Error: Slot n installed PCIe card in the
Expected Link Width specified slot number.
is n
Actual Link Width
is n
Faulty or improperly
PCIe Training
installed PCIe card.
Error: Embedded
Bus#nn/Dev#nn/Funcn
Reseat the PCIe card in the
specified slot number. See
"Expansion Cards" on
page 70. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Reseat the PCIe cards. See
"Expansion Cards" on
page 70. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
About Your System
23
book.book Page 24 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
PCIe Training
Error: Slot n
Faulty or improperly
installed PCIe card in the
specified slot number.
Reseat the PCIe card in the
specified slot number. See
"Expansion Cards" on
page 70. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Plug & Play
Error encountered in
Configuration Error initializing PCI device;
faulty system board.
Read fault
Requested sector
not found
Remote
Configuration
update attempt
failed
The operating system
cannot read from the
diskette or hard drive, the
system could not find a
particular sector on the
disk, or the requested sector
is defective.
Replace the diskette.
Ensure that the diskette
and hard-drive cables are
properly connected. See
"Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 110 or
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 124 for the
appropriate drive(s)
installed in your system.
System could not
implement Remote
Configuration request.
Retry Remote
Configuration.
Faulty drive. Parameters
SATA port A/B/C/D
hard disk drive
failure.
configuration error
24
About Your System
Install the NVRAM_CLR
jumper and reboot the
system. See Figure 6-1 for
jumper location. Check for
a BIOS update. If the
problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" on
page 127. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Ensure that the hard drive
cables are properly
connected. See
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 124.
book.book Page 25 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
SATA port A/B/C/D
hard disk drive
failure
Faulty drive. INT13 call
failure from the drive.
Ensure that the hard drive
cables are properly
connected. See
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 124.
SATA port A/B/C/D
hard disk drive
auto-sensing error
SATA Port A/B/C/D
SATA Port A/B/C/D set as
hard disk not found Auto, no disk installed.
Run the System Setup
program to correct the
settings. See "Using the
System Setup Program" on
page 29.
Faulty diskette or hard
drive.
See "Troubleshooting a
USB Device" on page 110
or "Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 124 for the
appropriate drive installed
in your system.
Shutdown failure
Shutdown test failure.
Ensure that all memory
modules are properly
installed. See
"Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118. If
the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
The amount of
system memory has
changed.
Faulty memory module.
See "Troubleshooting
System Memory" on
page 118. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Sector not found
Seek error
Seek operation
failed
Information only, if you
have changed the memory
configuration.
Faulty memory module.
See "Troubleshooting
System Memory" on
page 118. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
About Your System
25
book.book Page 26 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Time-of-day clock
stopped
Faulty battery; faulty
system board.
See "Troubleshooting the
System Battery" on
page 114. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
Time-of-day not set Incorrect Time or Date
- please run SETUP settings; faulty system
program
battery.
Check the Time and Date
settings. See "Using the
System Setup Program" on
page 29. If the problem
persists, see
"Troubleshooting the
System Battery" on
page 114.
Timer chip counter
2 failed
Faulty system board.
See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
Unexpected
interrupt in
protected mode
Faulty or improperly
installed memory modules
or faulty system board.
Ensure that all memory
modules are properly
installed. See "Memory
Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 76. If
the problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 118. If
the problem persists, see
"Getting Help" on
page 141.
Utility partition
not available
Utility partition is not
available on the hard disk
Create a utility partition on
the boot hard drive. See the
CDs that came with your
system.
Warning! No micro
code update loaded
for processor 0
Micro code update failed.
Update the BIOS firmware.
See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
26
About Your System
book.book Page 27 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 1-6.
System Messages (continued)
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Write fault
Faulty diskette, diskette
drive, hard drive.
Replace the diskette.
Ensure that the diskette
drive and hard-drive cables
are properly connected. See
"Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 110 or
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 124 for the
appropriate drive(s)
installed in your system.
Write fault on
selected drive
Warning Messages
A warning message alerts you to a possible problem and prompts you to
respond before the system continues a task. For example, before you format a
diskette, a message will warn you that you may lose all data on the diskette.
Warning messages usually interrupt the task and require you to respond by
typing y (yes) or n (no).
NOTE: Warning messages are generated by either the application or the operating
system. For more information, see the documentation that accompanied the
operating system or application.
Diagnostics Messages
When you run system diagnostics, an error message may result. Diagnostic
error messages are not covered in this section. Record the message on a copy
of the Diagnostics Checklist in "Getting Help" on page 141, and then follow
the instructions in that section for obtaining technical assistance.
Alert Messages
Systems management software generates alert messages for your system. Alert
messages include information, status, warning, and failure messages for drive,
temperature, fan, and power conditions. For more information, see the
systems management software documentation.
About Your System
27
book.book Page 28 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
28
About Your System
book.book Page 29 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Using the System Setup Program
After you set up your system, run the System Setup program to familiarize
yourself with your system configuration and optional settings. Record the
information for future reference.
You can use the System Setup program to:
•
Change the system configuration stored in NVRAM after you add, change,
or remove hardware
•
Set or change user-selectable options—for example, the time or date
•
Enable or disable integrated devices
•
Correct discrepancies between the installed hardware and configuration
settings
Entering the System Setup Program
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <F2> immediately after you see the following message:
<F2> = System Setup
If your operating system begins to load before you press <F2>, allow the
system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try again.
NOTE: To ensure an orderly system shutdown, see the documentation that
accompanied your operating system.
Responding to Error Messages
You can enter the System Setup program by responding to certain error
messages. If an error message appears while the system is booting, make a note
of the message. Before entering the System Setup program, see "System
Messages" on page 18 for an explanation of the message and suggestions for
correcting errors.
NOTE: After installing a memory upgrade, it is normal for your system to send a
message the first time you start your system.
Using the System Setup Program
29
book.book Page 30 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Using the System Setup Program
Table 2-1 lists the keys that you use to view or change information on the
System Setup program screens and to exit the program.
Table 2-1.
System Setup Program Navigation Keys
Keys
Action
Up arrow or <Shift><Tab>
Moves to the previous field.
Down arrow or <Tab>
Moves to the next field.
Spacebar, <+>, <–>, left and
right arrows
Cycles through the settings in a field. In many
fields, you can also type the appropriate value.
<Esc>
Exits the System Setup program and restarts the
system if any changes were made.
<F1>
Displays the System Setup program's help file.
NOTE: For most of the options, any changes that you make are recorded but do not
take effect until you restart the system.
System Setup Options
Main Screen
When you enter the System Setup program, the main System Setup program
screen appears (see Figure 2-1).
30
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 31 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 2-1.
Main System Setup Program Screen
Table 2-2 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the main System Setup program screen.
NOTE: The System Setup program defaults are listed under their respective
options, where applicable.
Table 2-2.
System Setup Program Options
Option
Description
System Time
Resets the time on the system's internal clock.
System Date
Resets the date on the system's internal calendar.
Memory Information
See "Memory Information Screen" on page 33.
CPU Information
See "CPU Information Screen" on page 33.
SATA Configuration
See "SATA Configuration Screen" on page 34.
Using the System Setup Program
31
book.book Page 32 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-2.
System Setup Program Options (continued)
Option
Description
Boot Sequence
Determines the order in which the system searches for boot
devices during system startup. Available options can
include the diskette drive, CD drive, hard drives, and
network.
Hard-Disk Drive
Sequence
Determines the order in which the system searches the hard
drives during system startup. The selections depend on the
hard drives installed in your system.
USB Flash Drive
Emulation Type
(Auto default)
Determines the emulation type for a USB flash drive.
Floppy allows the USB flash drive to act as a removable
floppy disk, and it will be assigned a drive letter of A: or B:.
Hard disk allows the USB flash drive to act as a hard drive.
Auto automatically chooses an emulation type.
Boot Sequence Retry
(Disabled default)
Enables or disables retrying the boot sequence that was
specified in the Boot Sequence option.
Integrated Devices
See "Integrated Devices Screen" on page 35.
PCI IRQ Assignment
Displays a screen to change the IRQ assigned to each of the
integrated devices on the PCI bus, and any installed
expansion cards that require an IRQ.
Console Redirection
See "Console Redirection Screen" on page 36.
System Security
Displays a screen to configure the system password and
setup password features. See "Using the System Password"
on page 39 and "Using the Setup Password" on page 42 for
more information.
System Event Log
Allows you to display or clear the system event log. The
default setting for the Clear System Event Log field is No.
Keyboard NumLock
(On default)
Determines whether your system starts up with the
NumLock mode activated on 101– or 102–key keyboards
(does not apply to 84-key keyboards).
32
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 33 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-2.
System Setup Program Options (continued)
Option
Description
Report Keyboard Errors
(Report default)
Enables or disables reporting of keyboard errors during the
POST. Enable this option for host systems that have
keyboards attached. Select Do Not Report to suppress all
error messages relating to the keyboard or keyboard
controller during POST. This setting does not affect the
operation of the keyboard itself if a keyboard is attached to
the system.
Memory Information Screen
Table 2-3 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Memory Information screen.
Table 2-3.
Memory Information Screen
Option
Description
System Memory Size
Displays the amount of main memory in the system.
System Memory Type
Displays the type of memory installed in the system.
System Memory Speed
Displays the clock frequency of the main memory.
Video Memory
Displays the amount of video memory.
System Memory Testing
(Enabled default)
When set to Enabled, system memory tests are
conducted. When set to Disabled, the memory tests are
not performed.
CPU Information Screen
Table 2-4 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the CPU Information screen.
Table 2-4.
CPU Information Screen
Option
Description
64-bit
Specifies if the installed processor supports Intel® 64-bit
extensions.
Core Speed
Displays the clock speed of the processor.
Bus Speed
Displays the bus speed of the processor.
Using the System Setup Program
33
book.book Page 34 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-4.
CPU Information Screen (continued)
Option
Description
Logical Processor
(Enabled default)
Displays when the processor supports Hyper-Threading
technology. Enabled permits all logical processors to be
used by the operating system. Only the first logical
processor is used by the operating system if Disabled is
selected.
Virtualization Technology Displays when the processor(s) support Virtualization
(Disabled default)
Technology. Enabled permits virtualization software to
use Virtualization Technology incorporated in the
processor design. This feature can only be used by software
that supports Virtualization Technology.
Adjacent Cache Line
Prefetch
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables optimal use of sequential memory
access. Disable this option for applications that require
high use of random memory access.
Hardware Prefetcher
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables the hardware prefetcher.
Demand-Based Power
Management
(Enabled default)
When set to Enabled, the CPU Performance State Tables
are reported to the operating system. When set to
Disabled, the Performance State Tables are not reported
to the operating system.
If the processor does not support Demand-Based Power
Management, this field is read-only.
Processor 0 ID
Displays the family and model number of the processor.
Processor Name
Display
Displays the CPU name of the installed Processor 0.
Level 2 Cache
Displays the amount of cache memory for the processor.
Number of Cores
Displays the number of cores in the processor.
SATA Configuration Screen
Table 2-5 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the SATA Configuration screen.
34
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 35 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-5.
SATA Configuration Screen
Option
Description
Embedded SATA
Enables (ATA Mode) or disables (Off) all SATA ports.
Port X
Enables (Auto) or disables (Off) the SATA hard drive in
Port X.
Model
Displays the drive model of the selected hard drive.
Drive Type
Displays the drive type of the selected hard drive.
Capacity
Displays the total capacity of the selected hard drive.
Integrated Devices Screen
Table 2-6 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Integrated Devices screen.
Table 2-6.
Integrated Devices Screen Options
Option
Description
Diskette Controller
Enables the diskette controller. When set to Auto (the
default), each channel of the diskette controller is enabled
if IDE devices are attached to the channel and the
external diskette controller is not detected.
User Accessible USB Ports Enables or disables the user accessible USB ports. Options
(All Ports On default)
are All Ports On, Only Back Ports On, or All Ports Off.
Embedded Gb NIC
(Enabled with PXE
default)
Enables or disables the system's integrated NIC. Options
are Enabled with PXE, Enabled without PXE, and
Disabled. PXE support allows the system to boot from the
network. Changes take effect after the system reboots.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC address for the integrated 10/100/1000
NIC. This field does not have user-selectable settings.
Serial Port 1
(COM1 default)
Sets the serial port to OFF or COM1.
Speaker
(On default)
Enables or disables the system internal speaker.
If Console Redirection is Enabled, Serial Port 1 is
automatically set to COM1, which becomes locked to
ensure the console redirection function.
Using the System Setup Program
35
book.book Page 36 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Console Redirection Screen
Table 2-7 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the Console Redirection screen.
Table 2-7.
Console Redirection Screen Options
Option
Description
Console Redirection
(Off default)
Sets the console redirection feature to Off or Serial Port 1.
Failsafe Baud Rate
(115200 default)
Displays if the failsafe baud rate is used for console
redirection.
Remote Terminal Type Select either VT 100/VT 220 or ANSI.
(VT 100/VT 220 default)
Redirection After Boot
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables console redirection after your system
restarts.
System Security Screen
Table 2-8 lists the options and descriptions for the information fields that
appear on the System Security screen.
NOTE: The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) may not be available in some countries.
Table 2-8.
System Security Screen Options
Option
Description
System Password
Displays the current status of your system's password security
feature and allows you to assign and verify a new system
password.
NOTE: See "Using the System Password" on page 39 for
instructions on assigning a system password and using or
changing an existing system password.
Setup Password
Restricts access to the System Setup program in the same way
that you restrict access to your system using the system password
feature.
NOTE: See "Using the Setup Password" on page 42 for instructions
on assigning a setup password and using or changing an existing
setup password.
36
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 37 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-8.
System Security Screen Options (continued)
Option
Description
Password Status
Setting the Setup Password option to Enabled prevents the
system password from being changed or disabled at system
start-up.
To lock the system password, assign a setup password in the
Setup Password option and then change the Password Status
option to Locked. In this state, you cannot change the system
password using the System Password option and the system
password cannot be disabled at system start-up by pressing
<Ctrl><Enter>.
To unlock the system password, enter the setup password in the
Setup Password field and then change the Password Status
option to Unlocked. In this state, you can disable the system
password at system start-up by pressing <Ctrl><Enter> and
then change the password using the System Password option.
TPM Security
(Off default)
Sets the reporting of the TPM in the system.
NOTE: The TPM is a microchip that is integrated into the system
board, and it can be used by both operating systems and programs.
It is capable of creating, storing, and protecting cryptographic
keys. See support.dell.com for additional TPM documentation.
When set to Off (default), presence of the TPM is not reported
to the operating system.
When set to On with Pre-boot Measurements, the system
reports the TPM to the operating system and stores the pre-boot
measurements (compliant with Trusted Computing Group
standards) to the TPM during POST.
When set to On without Pre-boot Measurements, the system
reports the TPM to the operating system and bypasses pre-boot
measurements.
Using the System Setup Program
37
book.book Page 38 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 2-8.
System Security Screen Options (continued)
Option
Description
TPM Activation
Changes the operational state of the TPM.
When set to Activate, the TPM is enabled and activated at
default settings.
When set to Deactivate, the TPM is disabled and deactivated.
The No Change state initiates no action. The operational state
of the TPM remains unchanged (all user settings for the TPM
are preserved).
This field is read-only when TPM Security is set to Off.
TPM Clear
(No default)
NOTICE: Clearing the TPM will cause loss of all encryption
keys in the TPM. This option will prevent booting to the
operating system and will result in loss of data if the
encryption keys cannot be restored. Be sure to back up the
TPM keys prior to enabling this option.
When set to Yes, all the contents of the TPM are cleared.
This field is read-only when TPM Security is set to Off.
AC Power Recovery Determines how the system reacts when power is restored to the
(Last default)
system. If system is set to Last, the system returns to the last
power state. On turns on the system after power is restored.
When set to Off, the system remains off after power is restored.
Exit Screen
After you press <Esc> to exit the System Setup program, the Exit screen
displays the following options:
•
Save Changes and Exit
•
Discard Changes and Exit
•
Return to Setup
System and Setup Password Features
NOTICE: The password features provide a basic level of security for the data on
your system. If your data requires more security, use additional forms of protection,
such as data encryption programs.
38
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 39 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
NOTICE: Anyone can access the data stored on your system if you leave the
system running and unattended without having a system password assigned or if
you leave your system unlocked so that someone can disable the password by
changing a jumper setting.
Your system is shipped to you without the system password feature enabled. If
system security is a concern, operate your system only with system password
protection.
To change or delete an existing password, you must know the password (see
"Deleting or Changing an Existing System Password" on page 41). If you forget
your password, you cannot operate your system or change settings in the System
Setup program until a trained service technician changes the password jumper
setting to disable the passwords, and erases the existing passwords. This
procedure is described in "Disabling a Forgotten Password" on page 139.
Using the System Password
After a system password is assigned, only those who know the password have full
use of the system. When the System Password option is set to Enabled, the
system prompts you for the system password after the system starts.
Assigning a System Password
Before you assign a system password, enter the System Setup program and check
the System Password option.
When a system password is assigned, the setting shown for the System Password
option is Enabled. If the setting shown for the Password Status is Unlocked,
you can change the system password. If the Password Status option is Locked,
you cannot change the system password. When the system password feature is
disabled by a jumper setting, the system password is Disabled, and you cannot
change or enter a new system password.
When a system password is not assigned and the password jumper on the
system board is in the enabled (default) position, the setting shown for the
System Password option is Not Enabled and the Password Status field is
Unlocked. To assign a system password:
1 Verify that the Password Status option is set to Unlocked.
2 Highlight the System Password option and press <Enter>.
Using the System Setup Program
39
book.book Page 40 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
3 Type your new system password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you press each character key (or the spacebar for a blank space), a
placeholder appears in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. However, certain key
combinations are not valid. If you enter one of these combinations, the
system beeps. To erase a character when entering your password, press
<Backspace> or the left-arrow key.
NOTE: To escape from the field without assigning a system password, press
<Enter> to move to another field, or press <Esc> at any time prior to
completing step 5.
4 Press <Enter>.
5 To confirm your password, type it a second time and press <Enter>.
The setting shown for the System Password changes to Enabled. Exit the
System Setup program and begin using your system.
6 Either reboot your system now for your password protection to take effect
or continue working.
NOTE: Password protection does not take effect until you reboot the system.
Using Your System Password to Secure Your System
NOTE: If you have assigned a setup password (see "Using the Setup Password" on
page 42), the system accepts your setup password as an alternate system
password.
When the Password Status option is set to Unlocked, you have the option to
leave the password security enabled or to disable the password security.
To leave the password security enabled:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Enter>.
To disable the password security:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Ctrl><Enter>.
40
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 41 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
When the Password Status option is set to Locked whenever you turn on your
system or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>, type your
password and press <Enter> at the prompt.
After you type the correct system password and press <Enter>, your system
operates as usual.
If an incorrect system password is entered, the system displays a message and
prompts you to re-enter your password. You have three attempts to enter the
correct password. After the third unsuccessful attempt, the system displays an
error message showing the number of unsuccessful attempts and that the
system has halted and will shut down. This message can alert you to an
unauthorized person attempting to use your system.
Even after you shut down and restart the system, the error message continues to
be displayed until the correct password is entered.
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the System
Password and Setup Password options to further protect your system from
unauthorized changes.
Deleting or Changing an Existing System Password
1 When prompted, press <Ctrl><Enter> to disable the existing system
password.
If you are asked to enter your setup password, contact your network
administrator.
2 Enter the System Setup program by pressing <F2> during POST.
3 Select the System Security screen field to verify that the Password Status
option is set to Unlocked.
4 When prompted, type the system password.
5 Confirm that Not Enabled is displayed for the System Password option.
If Not Enabled is displayed for the System Password option, the system
password has been deleted. If Enabled is displayed for the System
Password option, press the <Alt><b> key combination to restart the
system, and then repeat steps 2 through 5.
Using the System Setup Program
41
book.book Page 42 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Using the Setup Password
Assigning a Setup Password
You can assign (or change) a setup password only when the Setup Password
option is set to Not Enabled. To assign a setup password, highlight the Setup
Password option and press the <+> or <–> key. The system prompts you to
enter and verify the password. If a character is illegal for password use, the
system beeps.
NOTE: The setup password can be the same as the system password. If the two
passwords are different, the setup password can be used as an alternate system
password. However, the system password cannot be used in place of the setup
password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you press each character key (or the spacebar for a blank space), a placeholder
appears in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. However, certain key
combinations are not valid. If you enter one of these combinations, the system
beeps. To erase a character when entering your password, press <Backspace> or
the left-arrow key.
After you verify the password, the Setup Password setting changes to Enabled.
The next time you enter the System Setup program, the system prompts you for
the setup password.
A change to the Setup Password option becomes effective immediately
(restarting the system is not required).
Operating With a Setup Password Enabled
If Setup Password is set to Enabled, you must enter the correct setup password
before you can modify most of the System Setup options. When you start the
System Setup program, the program prompts you to enter a password.
If you do not enter the correct password in three attempts, the system lets you
view, but not modify, the System Setup screens—with the following exception:
If System Password is not set to Enabled and is not locked through the Password
Status option, you can assign a system password (however, you cannot disable or
change an existing system password).
42
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 43 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the Setup
Password option to protect the system password from unauthorized changes.
Deleting or Changing an Existing Setup Password
1 Enter the System Setup program and select the System Security option.
2 Highlight the Setup Password option, press <Enter> to access the setup
password window, and press <Enter> twice to clear the existing setup
password.
The setting changes to Not Enabled.
3 If you want to assign a new setup password, perform the steps in "Assigning
a Setup Password" on page 42.
Disabling a Forgotten Password
See "Disabling a Forgotten Password" on page 139.
Using the System Setup Program
43
book.book Page 44 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
44
Using the System Setup Program
book.book Page 45 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Installing System Components
This section describes how to install the following system components:
•
Front drive bezel
•
Diskette drive
•
Optical and tape drives
•
Hard drives
•
Expansion cards
•
SAS controller card
•
Memory
•
Microprocessor
•
Cooling fans
•
System battery
•
Power supply
•
Chassis intrusion switch
•
Bezel
•
I/O panel
•
System board
Recommended Tools
You may need the following items to perform the procedures in this section:
•
#2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Wrist grounding strap
Installing System Components
45
book.book Page 46 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Inside the System
In Figure 3-1, the system cover is opened to provide an interior view of the
system.
Figure 3-1.
Inside the System
10
1
2
9
8
3
7
6
5
4
1
power supply
2
heat sink and shroud assembly
3
system board
4
hard drives (2)
5
3.5-inch drive bay
6
tape backup unit
7
5.25-inch drive bays (2)
8
bezel sliding plate release
9
drive cage
10
processor cooling fan
The system board can accommodate one processor, four expansion cards, and
four memory modules. The hard drive bays provide space for up to two SAS
or SATA hard drives. Drive bays in the front of the system provide space for
an optical drive, an optional tape drive or second optical drive, and an
46
Installing System Components
book.book Page 47 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
optional diskette drive. A controller expansion card is required for SAS hard
drives. Power is supplied to the system board and internal peripherals through
a single nonredundant power supply.
Opening the System
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Press the power button to ground the system board.
3 Lay the system on its side as shown in Figure 3-2.
4 Open the system by sliding the cover release tab toward the rear of the
system and lifting the cover off. See Figure 3-2.
Closing the System
1 Ensure that all internal cables are connected and folded out of the way.
2 Ensure that no tools or extra parts are left inside the system.
3 Reinstall the system cover:
a
Insert the bottom edge of the cover into the bottom of the system
chassis. See Figure 3-2.
b
Press down on the cover until the cover release tab snaps into place.
4 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
After you open and close the cover, the chassis intrusion detector, if
enabled, causes the following message to appear on the screen at the next
system start-up:
Alert! Cover was previously opened.
Installing System Components
47
book.book Page 48 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
5 To reset the chassis intrusion detector, press <F2> to enter the System
Setup program. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
NOTE: If a setup password has been assigned by someone else, contact your
network administrator for information on resetting the chassis intrusion
detector.
Figure 3-2.
Opening and Closing the System
1
1
release tab
Front Drive Bezel
The front drive bezel is the cover for the optional diskette and 5.25-inch
drives. To remove or install a drive, you must first remove the front drive
bezel.
48
Installing System Components
book.book Page 49 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Removing the Front Drive Bezel
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
NOTE: The sliding plate secures and releases the front drive bezel and helps
to secure the drives.
3 Slide the lever on the sliding plate in the direction of the arrow until it
releases the front drive bezel from its side hinges. See Figure 3-3.
4 Carefully tilt the front drive bezel away from the chassis and lift it out as
shown in Figure 3-3.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
Replacing the Front Drive Bezel
1 With the front drive bezel tilted away from the chassis, place the bottom
tabs of the bezel into their slots of the chassis. Refer to the lower arrow in
Figure 3-3.
2 Snap the bezel into place.
Installing System Components
49
book.book Page 50 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-3.
Removing and Replacing the Front Drive Bezel
1
2
1
sliding plate
2
front drive bezel
Removing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel
If you install a drive in the 3.5-inch or 5.25-inch drive bays, first remove the
corresponding insert on the front drive bezel. Push the insert gently from the
front of the bezel. Then from the back of the bezel, squeeze the tab upward
on the end of the insert and rotate the insert away from the bezel. See
Figure 3-4.
Replacing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel
If you remove a drive in the 3.5-inch or 5.25-inch drive bays, replace the
corresponding insert on the front drive bezel. From the back of the bezel, fit
the tab on the end of the insert into the notch on the bezel and snap the other
end of the insert into place. See Figure 3-4.
50
Installing System Components
book.book Page 51 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-4.
Removing and Replacing the Front Drive Bezel Insert
1
2
4
3
1
front drive bezel
2
insert tab
3
drive bezel insert
4
screws for an optional
5.25-inch drive (3)
Removing and Inserting Blank Drive Inserts
Depending on the configuration of your system, a blank drive insert might be
installed in place of an optical or diskette drive. These are essential for airflow
efficiency and for keeping dust out of the system.
You must remove the blank drive insert if you decide to replace it with an
optional diskette or optical drive. From the back of the blank drive insert,
slide the lever on the sliding plate in the direction of the arrow until the
shoulder screw is released. Then pull the PVC tab to remove the blank drive
insert.
To replace the blank drive insert, align the bottom of it with the sliding plate
and gently push it back until the shoulder screw locks into place. See
Figure 3-5.
Installing System Components
51
book.book Page 52 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-5. Removing and Replacing the Blank Drive Insert
3
2
1
1
tab
2
3
drive blank alignment screw
blank drive insert
Diskette Drive
The 3.5-inch drive bay supports an optional standard diskette drive.
Removing the Diskette Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
52
Installing System Components
book.book Page 53 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
3 Remove the front drive bezel. See "Removing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
4 Disconnect the power and data cables from the diskette drive. See
Figure 3-6.
5 Slide the lever on the sliding plate in the direction of the arrow. See
Figure 3-6.
6 Hold the lever in position and slowly pull the drive out of the bay.
Figure 3-6. Removing or Installing a Diskette Drive
1
4
2
3
1
sliding plate
2
drive bay screw slots
3
diskette drive
4
diskette drive shoulder screw
7 If you are permanently removing the drive, replace the 3.5-inch insert on
front drive bezel. See "Replacing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 50.
If you are replacing the diskette drive, see "Installing a Diskette Drive" on
page 54.
Installing System Components
53
book.book Page 54 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
8 Replace the front drive bezel. See "Replacing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
10 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Installing a Diskette Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Unpack the replacement diskette drive, and prepare it for installation.
4 Check the documentation for the drive to verify that it is configured for
your system.
5 Remove the front drive bezel. See "Removing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
6 Remove the 3.5-inch insert on the front drive bezel. See "Removing an
Insert on the Front Drive Bezel" on page 50.
7 Remove the four shoulder screws from the back of the insert. See
Figure 3-4; the 3.5-inch insert holds four screws.
8 Attach the four screws to the diskette drive as shown in Figure 3-7.
54
Installing System Components
book.book Page 55 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-7. Installing Diskette Drive Shoulder Screws
1
1
screws (4)
9 From the front of the chassis, slide the drive into the drive bay until the
shoulder screws fit into their slots and snap securely into the sliding plate.
10 Connect the power cable to the drive. See Figure 3-6.
11 Connect the data cable from the drive to the diskette drive connector
(FLOPPY) on the system board. See Figure 3-8 and Figure 6-2.
Installing System Components
55
book.book Page 56 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-8. Cabling the Optional Diskette Drive to the Hard Drive
8
9
1
7
2
3
4
5
6
1
system board
2
diskette drive connector
3
diskette drive ribbon cable
4
heat sink shroud tab (2)
5
SATA power convert cable
6
front drive bezel
7
diskette drive ribbon cable
8
cable clip
9
SATA hard drive cables (2)
12 Replace the front drive bezel. See "Replacing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
13 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
14 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
15 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the drive’s controller is
enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
56
Installing System Components
book.book Page 57 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
16 (Optional) Test the drive by running the system diagnostics. See "Running
the System Diagnostics" on page 131.
Optical and Tape Drives
In the upper 5.25-inch drive bay, you can install only an optical drive. In the
lower 5.25-inch drive bay, you can install either an optical or a tape backup
unit.
Removing an Optical or Tape Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Remove the front drive bezel. See "Removing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
4 Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the drive. See
Figure 3-9 for disconnecting SCSI connections and Figure 3-10 for
disconnecting SATA connections.
5 Slide the lever on the sliding plate in the direction of the arrow to release
the shoulder screw.
6 Slide the drive out to remove it from the drive bay.
Installing System Components
57
book.book Page 58 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-9.
Removing and Installing an Optical or Tape Drive (SCSI Connection)
1
2
3
4
58
1
sliding plate
2
optical drive shoulder screw
3
optical drive
4
drive bay screw slots
Installing System Components
book.book Page 59 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-10.
Removing and Installing an Optical (SATA Connection)
1
2
3
4
1
sliding plate
2
optical drive shoulder screw
3
optical drive
4
drive bay screw slots
7 If you are installing another drive in the bay, see "Installing an Optical or
Tape Drive" on page 60.
8 If the drive is being permanently removed, install an insert on front drive
bezel. See "Replacing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel" on page 50.
9 Replace the front drive bezel. See "Replacing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
10 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
11 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Installing System Components
59
book.book Page 60 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Installing an Optical or Tape Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Unpack the drive and prepare it for installation. For instructions, see the
documentation that accompanied the drive.
If you are installing a SCSI tape drive, you must have a SCSI controller
card installed. See "Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73.
NOTE: It is recommended that you install the SCSI controller card in
expansion card slot 1 for optimal cable-routing. See Figure 6-2 for the location
of expansion card slot 1.
Configure the tape drive according to the documentation that came
with the tape drive, based on the following guidelines:
a
Each device attached to a SCSI host adapter must have a unique
SCSI ID number (narrow SCSI devices use IDs 0 to 7; wide SCSI
devices use IDs from 0 to 15). Set the drive’s SCSI ID to avoid
conflicts with other devices on the SCSI bus. For the default SCSI ID
setting, see the documentation provided with the drive.
NOTE: There is no requirement that SCSI ID numbers be assigned
sequentially or that devices be attached to the cable in order by ID number.
b
SCSI logic requires that the two devices at opposite ends of a SCSI
chain be terminated and that all devices in between be unterminated.
Therefore, you enable the tape drive’s termination if it is the last
device in a chain of devices (or sole device) connected to the SCSI
controller.
2 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
4 Remove the front drive bezel. See "Removing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
60
Installing System Components
book.book Page 61 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
5 If another drive is installed, remove it (see "Removing an Optical or Tape
Drive" on page 57) and remove the three shoulder screws to attach to the
new drive (see Figure 3-11).
6 If the drive bay is empty, remove the insert on the front drive bezel. See
"Removing an Insert on the Front Drive Bezel" on page 50.
7 Remove the three shoulder screws from the insert, and attach one of them
to the row of holes and two to the bottom row of holes on the drive. See
Figure 3-11.
Figure 3-11.
Installing Optical or Tape Drive Shoulder Screws
1
1
screws (3)
8 Gently slide the drive into place until you hear a click or feel the drive
securely installed.
9 Attach the SCSI power cable (see Figure 3-12) or SATA power cable (see
Figure 3-13) to the drive. Ensure that cables are secured in their respective
clips.
Installing System Components
61
book.book Page 62 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-12. Cabling SCSI to the Tape Drive
7
8
9
1
6
2
5
3
4
62
1
expansion slot 1
2
SCSI connector
3
SCSI card
4
front drive bezel
5
tape drive
6
SATA power convert cable
7
top clip on heat sink shroud
8
SCSI cable
9
system board
Installing System Components
book.book Page 63 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-13.
Cabling a SATA Controller to the Optical Disk Drive
5
6
1
4
3
2
1
system board
2
front drive bezel
3
optical disk drive
4
SATA power cable
5
cable clip
6
SATA optical disk cable
10 Attach the data cable. If you are installing a SCSI tape drive, connect the
SCSI interface cable in the drive kit from the SCSI controller card to the
drive. See Figure 3-12.
11 Check all cable connections, and fold cables out of the way to allow for
airflow between the fan and cooling vents.
12 Replace the front drive bezel. See "Replacing the Front Drive Bezel" on
page 49.
13 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
14 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Installing System Components
63
book.book Page 64 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
15 (Optional) Test the drive by running the system diagnostics. See "Running
the System Diagnostics" on page 131.
Hard Drives
NOTE: The system’s drive configuration must consist of all SATA hard drives or all
SAS hard drives.
Hard Drive Installation Guidelines
Your system contains up to two SATA or SAS hard drives in internal drive
bays. Both drives must be either SAS or SATA; mixed configurations are not
supported. Up to two SATA drives may be connected to the system’s
integrated SATA controller or to an optional SAS controller expansion card.
Up to two SAS drives may be connected to an optional SAS controller
expansion card. Table 3-1 describes the possible drive configurations.
Table 3-1.
Hard-Drive Configurations
Drive
Number Drive Type Location
Controller
Connector
1
integrated SATA controller
SATA_A
SAS expansion card
HDD0
SATA
HDD0
1
SAS
HDD0
SAS expansion card
HDD0
2
SATA
HDD1
integrated SATA
SATA_B
SAS expansion card
HDD1
SAS expansion card
HDD1
2
SAS
HDD1
Removing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
64
Installing System Components
book.book Page 65 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Disconnect the hard drive power cable from the hard drive that you are
removing.
4 Disconnect the blue data cable from the hard drive that you are removing
by pulling up on the blue tab.
5 Press the blue tabs on each side of the hard-drive bracket toward each
other and slide the drive and its bracket up and out of the bay. See
Figure 3-14.
Figure 3-14.
Removing and Installing a Hard Drive in the Drive Carrier
1
2
1
hard drive power cable
2
hard drive in primary hard drive bay
NOTE: If you do not intend to replace the drive, it is highly recommended that you
remove the drive from the guide bracket (see Figure 3-15) and insert the empty
guide bracket back into the drive bay. This eliminates the likelihood that the empty
bracket will be misplaced or improperly stored while not in use.
Installing System Components
65
book.book Page 66 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
7 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Installing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Unpack the replacement hard drive and prepare it for installation.
2 Check the documentation for the hard drive to verify that the drive is
configured for your system.
3 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
4 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
5 If you are replacing a hard drive, remove the drive that you are replacing
(see "Removing a Hard Drive" on page 64).
If there is a hard-drive bracket in the empty hard-drive bay, remove the
bracket by pressing the two tabs toward each other and pulling it up and
out of the drive bay.
If a replacement hard drive does not have the hard-drive bracket attached,
remove the bracket from the old drive.
6 Snap the new drive into the guide bracket. See Figure 3-15.
7 Insert the guide bracket assembly into the drive bay until it snaps into
place. See Figure 3-14.
66
Installing System Components
book.book Page 67 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-15.
Installing a Hard Drive in a Drive Bracket
1
2
1
hard drive
2
hard drive bracket
NOTICE: SAS drives and SATA drives cannot be mixed in the system. The drives
must be either SATA or SAS hard drives.
NOTE: The SAS controller card must be installed in either PCIe SLOT1 or PCIe
SLOT2. See Figure 6-2.
8 Connect the power cable to the hard drive.
9 Connect the data cable to the hard drive:
•
For connection to the integrated SATA controller (SATA hard drives
only), connect the SATA data cable to the SATA_A (first drive) and
SATA_B (second drive) connectors on the system board. See
Figure 3-16. See Figure 6-2 for the location of the hard drive
connectors on the system board.
Installing System Components
67
book.book Page 68 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
For connection to a SAS controller expansion card (SAS or SATA hard
drives), connect the data cable from the SAS controller card and the
power cable as shown in Figure 3-17. See "SAS Controller Expansion
Card" on page 74 for instructions about installing the card and
routing the cables.
Figure 3-16.
Cabling a SATA Hard Drive to the Integrated SATA Controller
1
2
3
4
68
1
SATA_B data cable to system board
2
SATA_A data cable to system board
3
power cable to hard drive
4
SATA data cable to hard drive
Installing System Components
book.book Page 69 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-17.
Attaching a SAS or SATA Hard Drive to a SAS Controller Expansion Card
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
power cable to hard drive (female)
2
power cable to hard drive (male)
3
SAS or SATA hard drives (2)
4
data cable to hard drive
5
data cable to SAS controller card
6
SAS controller card
10 Ensure that all connectors are properly cabled and firmly seated.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
12 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
See the documentation that came with the drive for instructions on
installing any software required for drive operation.
Installing System Components
69
book.book Page 70 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
13 Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program (see "Entering the System
Setup Program" on page 29), and ensure that the drive’s controller is
enabled.
14 Exit the System Setup program and reboot the system.
15 Partition and logically format the drive.
See the documentation for your operating system for instructions.
16 (Optional) Test the hard drive by running the system diagnostics. See
"Running the System Diagnostics" on page 131.
17 If the drive you just installed is the primary drive, install your operating
system on the hard drive.
Expansion Cards
The system board can accommodate up to four expansion cards:
•
One 3.3-V, half-length 32-bit, 33-MHz PCI (slot 3)
•
One PCIe x1 (slot 4)
•
One PCIe x4 with x8 slot (slot 1)
•
One PCIe x8 (slot 2)
See Figure 6-2 for the location of the expansion card slots.
Removing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 On the inside of the chassis, press the release tab of the card retention
door, and then pull down on the retention door’s latch on the outside of
the chassis to open the door. See Figure 3-18.
4 If necessary, disconnect any cables from the card.
70
Installing System Components
book.book Page 71 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
5 Grasp the card by its top corners and ease it out of its connector.
6 If you are removing the card permanently, install a filler bracket in the
empty card slot.
NOTE: Filler brackets must be installed over empty expansion card slots to
maintain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the
system. The brackets also keep dust and dirt out of the system and aid in
proper cooling and airflow inside the system.
Installing System Components
71
book.book Page 72 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-18.
Removing and Installing an Expansion Card
1
2
3
4
1
expansion card
2
alignment guide
3
card retention door
4
release tab
7 Close the card retention door to secure the remaining card(s) in the
system. See Figure 3-18.
8 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
9 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
10 Remove the card’s device driver from the operating system.
72
Installing System Components
book.book Page 73 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Installing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 On the inside of the chassis, press the release tab of the card retention
door, and then pull down on the retention door’s latch on the outside of
the chassis to open the door. See Figure 3-18.
4 If you are installing a new card, remove the filler bracket.
NOTE: Keep this bracket in case you need to remove the expansion card.
Filler brackets must be installed over empty expansion-card slots to maintain
FCC certification of the system. The brackets also keep dust and dirt out of the
system and aid in proper cooling and airflow inside the system.
5 Prepare the card for installation.
See the documentation that came with the card for information on
configuring the card, making internal connections, or otherwise
customizing it for your system.
NOTE: Some NICs automatically start the system when they are connected to
a network.
6 Insert the card into the expansion card connector on the system board
(SLOT1, SLOT2, SLOT3, or SLOT4) and press down firmly. Ensure that
the card is fully seated in the slot and all cards and filler brackets are flush
with the alignment bar. See Figure 6-2 for the location of the four
expansion card connectors.
7 Close the card retention door to secure the card(s) in the system.
NOTICE: Do not route card cables over or behind the cards. Cables routed over the
cards can prevent the system cover from closing properly or cause damage to the
equipment.
8 Connect any cables that should be attached to the card.
Installing System Components
73
book.book Page 74 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
See the documentation for the card for information about the card’s cable
connections.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
10 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
11 Install any device drivers required for the card as described in the
documentation for the card.
SAS Controller Expansion Card
Read the installation instructions in the documentation for your SAS
controller card. Install the card in expansion card connector SLOT1 or
SLOT2 (see "Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73), and connect the
hard-drive activity indicator cable from the card to the AUXLED connector
on the system board (see Figure 6-2 for the connector location). Fasten the
cables to the slots as indicated in Figure 3-19 to manage the slack.
74
Installing System Components
book.book Page 75 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-19.
Cabling a SAS or SATA Hard Drive to a SAS Controller Expansion Card
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
8
9
7
1
SAS card
2
clip on hard disk drive fan shroud
3
power cable
4
hard disk drive fan
5
power cable
6
top notch on heat sink fan shroud
7
front drive bezel
8
SAS cable
9
retaining tabs on top of heat sink
shroud
10
retaining clip on top of heat sink fan
shroud
See "Hard Drives" on page 64 for information about connecting hard drives.
Installing System Components
75
book.book Page 76 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Memory
The four memory module connectors on the system board can accommodate
from 512 MB to 8 GB of 667-MHz and 800-MHz unbuffered ECC DDR II
single or dual-rank memory modules. See Figure 6-2 for the location of the
four memory module connectors.
NOTE: When installing memory, take care to install it in the proper slots according
to the configuration guidelines in Table 3-2. Installing memory in the wrong slots will
significantly reduce system performance. See Figure 6-2 for slot locations.
Memory Module Upgrade Kits
The system is upgradable to 8 GB by installing combinations of 512-MB,
1-GB, and 2-GB 667-MHz or 800-MHz unbuffered ECC DDR II single or
dual-rank memory modules. You can purchase memory upgrade kits from
Dell.
Memory Module Installation Guidelines
•
If only one memory module is installed, it must be installed in connector
DIMM_1A.
•
If only one memory module is installed in connector DIMM_1A, its
capacity can be 512 MB, 1 GB, or 2 GB.
•
If more than one memory module is installed, the memory modules must
be installed in pairs of matched memory size, speed, and technology.
•
Memory modules must be installed in ordered pairs in connectors
DIMM_1A and DIMM_1B, and then DIMM_2A and DIMM_2B.
•
Installing three memory modules is not supported.
NOTICE: If you remove your original memory modules from the system during a
memory upgrade, keep them separate from any new memory modules that you may
have, even if you purchased the new memory modules from Dell. Use only
unbuffered ECC DDR II memory modules.
Table 3-2 illustrates memory configuration guidelines. It is important to
follow the slot installation configurations shown here to achieve maximum
memory performance.
76
Installing System Components
book.book Page 77 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 3-2.
Memory Configuration Guidelines
Total Memory
DIMM_1A
DIMM_1B
DIMM_2A
DIMM_2B
512 MB
512 MB
none
none
none
1 GB
1 GB
none
none
none
2 GB
2 GB
none
none
none
1 GB
512 MB
512 MB
none
none
2 GB
512 MB
512 MB
512 MB
512 MB
2 GB
1 GB
1 GB
none
none
3 GB
1 GB
1 GB
512 MB
512 MB
3 GB
512 MB
512 MB
1 GB
1 GB
4 GB
2 GB
2 GB
none
none
4 GB
1 GB
1 GB
1 GB
1 GB
5 GB
2 GB
2 GB
512 MB
512 MB
5 GB
512 MB
512 MB
2 GB
2 GB
6 GB
2 GB
2 GB
1 GB
1 GB
6 GB
1 GB
1 GB
2 GB
2 GB
8 GB
2 GB
2 GB
2 GB
2 GB
Addressing Memory With 8-GB Configurations (Microsoft® Windows®
Operating System Only)
Your system supports a maximum of 8 GB of memory using four 2-GB
memory modules. Current operating systems can use a maximum of 8 GB of
address space; however, the amount of memory available to the operating
system is slightly less than 8 GB.
NOTE: Depending on the type of PCI/PCIe expansion cards that are installed in
your system, your system may only support a maximum of 7.4 GB of memory or less.
The following components require address space:
•
System ROM
•
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controllers (APIC)
Installing System Components
77
book.book Page 78 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
Integrated PCI devices (such as NICs) and SCSI controllers
•
PCI expansion cards
At start-up, the BIOS identifies the components that require address space.
The BIOS dynamically calculates the amount of reserved address space
required. The BIOS then subtracts the reserved address space from 8 GB to
determine the amount of usable space.
•
If the total installed system memory is less than the usable space, all
installed system memory is available for use only by the operating system.
•
If the total installed system memory is equal to or greater than the usable
address space, a small portion of installed memory is available for use by
the operating system.
Removing a Memory Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Press out on the securing clip at each end of the memory module
connector. See Figure 3-20.
4 Grasp the memory module and pull it out of the connector.
If the module is difficult to remove, gently move the module back and
forth to remove it from the connector.
Installing a Memory Module
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
78
Installing System Components
book.book Page 79 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Press on the securing clip at each end of the memory module connector.
See Figure 3-20.
4 Align the memory module’s edge connector with the alignment key in the
connector.
The memory module connector has an alignment key that allows the
memory module to be installed in the connector in only one way.
5 Applying even pressure to both ends of the module, insert the module into
the connector and carefully press the module into place.
Figure 3-20.
Installing and Removing a Memory Module
1
4
3
2
1
memory module
2
alignment key
3
connector
4
memory module socket ejectors (2)
6 Pull up on the securing clips to lock the module into place.
If you insert the module correctly, the securing clips snap into the cutouts
at each end of the module.
Installing System Components
79
book.book Page 80 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
When the memory module is properly seated in the connector, the
securing clips on the memory module socket should align with the
securing clips on the other connectors with memory modules installed.
7 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
8 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
The system detects that the new memory does not match the existing
configuration information and generates the following message:
The amount of system memory has changed.
Strike the F1 key to continue, F2 to run the setup
utility
9 Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program and check the value for
Memory Information. See "System Setup Options" on page 30.
The system should have changed the value for Memory Information to
reflect the newly installed memory. Verify the new value. If it is correct,
skip to step 13.
10 If the memory value is incorrect, turn off the system and attached
peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
11 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
12 Ensure that the installed memory modules are seated properly in their
connectors, and repeat step 7 through step 9.
13 When the Memory Information value is correct, press <Esc> to exit the
System Setup program.
14 Run the system diagnostics to verify that the memory modules are
operating properly. See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 132.
Microprocessor
You can upgrade the system processor to take advantage of future options in
speed and functionality. The processor and its associated internal cache
memory are contained in a land grid array (LGA) package that is installed in a
ZIF socket on the system board.
80
Installing System Components
book.book Page 81 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Removing the Processor
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: The processor and heat sink can get very hot during normal operation.
Ensure that they have had sufficient time to cool before you touch them.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Detach the diskette cable that is braced on top of the shroud assembly and
move it aside.
4 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen the two captive screws holding the
heat sink and shroud assembly in place.
These captive screws are adjacent to the processor cooling fan housing. See
Figure 3-21.
5 Tilt the heat sink and shroud assembly away from the fan housing on its
pivot bracket and lift it out.
Installing System Components
81
book.book Page 82 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-21.
Installing and Removing the Heat Sink
1
2
3
4
1
heat sink and shroud assembly
2
pivot bracket
3
captive screws (2)
4
diskette cable
6 Release the socket-release lever before opening the processor shield. See
Figure 3-22.
7 Rotate the processor shield upward and out of the way.
8 Lift the processor out of the socket and leave the release lever up so that
the socket is ready for the new processor.
NOTICE: Be careful not to bend any of the pins on the ZIF socket when removing
the processor. Bending the pins can permanently damage the system board.
82
Installing System Components
book.book Page 83 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-22.
Installing and Removing a Processor
2
3
1
4
6
5
1
notch in processor (2)
2
processor
3
socket-release lever
4
ZIF socket
5
processor shield
6
socket key (2)
Replacing the Processor
1 Unpack the new processor.
2 Align the processor with the socket keys on the ZIF socket. See
Figure 3-22.
3 Install the processor in the socket.
NOTICE: Positioning the processor incorrectly can permanently damage the
system board or the processor when you turn it on. When placing the processor in
the socket, be careful not to bend the pins in the socket. Avoid touching the socket
pins or the pads on the processor when handling the processor or the system
board.
a
If the release lever on the processor socket is not positioned all the way
up, move it to that position.
b
With the processor and the socket keys aligned, set the processor
lightly in the socket.
NOTICE: Do not use force to seat the processor. When the processor is positioned
correctly, it engages easily into the socket.
c
Close the processor shield. See Figure 3-22.
Installing System Components
83
book.book Page 84 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
d
When the processor is fully seated in the socket, rotate the socket
release lever back down until it snaps into place, securing the
processor. See Figure 3-22.
4 Clean the thermal grease from the bottom of the heat sink.
NOTICE: Ensure that you apply new thermal grease. Applying new thermal grease
is critical to ensuring proper thermal bonding as well as optimal processor
operation.
5 Apply new thermal grease to the top of the processor.
6 Place the heat sink assembly back onto the heat sink assembly bracket and
tilt the heat sink assembly down on the system board. See Figure 3-21.
7 Align the two captive screws properly with the system board, then tighten
them to secure the heat sink assembly to the system board.
8 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
9 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Cooling Fans
The system contains two cooling fans, one for the processor and one for the
card cage. Each contains a shroud that is part of the cooling fan assembly. The
fan and shroud are replaced as a unit.
NOTE: If you are removing the larger processor cooling fan, you must first remove
the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Removing the Processor" on page 81
(however, do not remove the processor) and Figure 3-24.
Removing the Cooling Fans
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
84
Installing System Components
book.book Page 85 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
3 Disconnect the fan’s power cable from the system board.
a
If you are removing the smaller hard drive cooling fan (see
Figure 3-23):
b
Squeeze the two release tabs together at the top of the fan cage that
attaches the fan to the chassis bracket mount.
c
Lift the fan out.
NOTE: The SAS hard drive cooling fan is present only if a SAS 6i/R integrated
controller card is installed.
4 If you are removing the larger processor cooling fan:
a
Remove the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Removing the
Processor" on page 81. Do not remove the processor, however.
b
Press the side release tab that attaches the processor cooling fan to the
chassis (see Figure 3-24).
c
Press the bottom release tab and shift it forward to guide the bottom
mounting tabs out of their mounting holes (see Figure 3-24).
d
Slide the fan toward the back panel and lift the fan out.
Installing System Components
85
book.book Page 86 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-23. Removing and Installing the SAS Controller Cooling Fan
1
2
4
3
86
1
top release tabs
2
cooling fan
3
bottom mounting tabs
4
bracket mount
Installing System Components
book.book Page 87 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-24.
Removing and Installing the Heat Sink Cooling Fan
1
2
3
4
1
bottom release tab
2
side release tab
3
bottom mounting tabs
4
bottom mounting holes
Replacing the Cooling Fans
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Installing System Components
87
book.book Page 88 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If you are replacing the hard drive cooling fan:
1 Align the bottom mounting tabs on the replacement fan with the
mounting holes in the system chassis.
2 Squeeze the top two release tabs and guide the assembly forward so that it
locks into place.
If you are replacing the processor cooling fan:
1 Align the bottom mounting tabs on the replacement fan with the
mounting holes in the system chassis. Align the slots on the side of the
replacement fan with the securing tabs on the chassis bracket mount.
2 Slide the fan toward the front panel until it snaps into place.
3 Secure the cables into the slots on the heat sink fan shroud to manage
unwanted slack. See Figure 3-25.
4 Attach the fan cable to the system board. See Figure 6-2 for the location of
the connector.
88
Installing System Components
book.book Page 89 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-25.
Cabling the Heat Sink Cooling Fan
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
heat sink fan shroud
2
cable slot
3
tab
4
fan connector cable
5
heat sink fan
6
front drive bezel
5 Replace the heat sink and shroud assembly (see "Removing the Processor"
on page 81).
6 Reconnect the fan power cable to the system board.
7 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
System Battery
A coin-cell battery maintains system configuration, date, and time
information. The battery can last several years.
To determine whether you need to replace the battery, see "Troubleshooting
the System Battery" on page 114.
Installing System Components
89
book.book Page 90 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
You can operate your system without a battery; however, without a battery, the
configuration information is erased if the system is turned off or unplugged
from the electrical outlet. In this case, you must enter the System Setup
program and reset the configuration options.
CAUTION: A new battery can explode if it is incorrectly installed. Replace the
battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer.
Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Removing the System Battery
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Enter the System Setup program and record the option settings on the
System Setup screens. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
2 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
4 See Figure 6-2 for the location of the system battery and then remove any
cables that block access to the battery.
5 Grasp the battery with your fingers and pull it out of the battery socket.
See Figure 3-26.
90
Installing System Components
book.book Page 91 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-26.
Removing and Installing the System Battery
2
1
3
1
battery socket
3
tab
2
system battery
Installing the System Battery
1 Push the new battery into the battery socket as shown in Figure 3-26.
NOTE: The side of the battery labeled "+" (plus sign) must face toward the
open side of the battery socket.
2 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
3 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
4 Enter the System Setup program to confirm that the battery operates
properly. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
5 From the main screen, select System Time to enter the correct time and
date.
6 Re-enter any system configuration information that is no longer displayed
on the System Setup screens, and then exit the System Setup program.
7 To test the newly installed battery, see "Troubleshooting the System
Battery" on page 114.
8 After an hour, reconnect the system to a power source and turn it on.
Installing System Components
91
book.book Page 92 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
9 Enter the System Setup program. If the time and date are still incorrect,
see "Getting Help" on page 141.
10 Properly dispose of the old battery. For more information, see your Product
Information Guide.
Power Supply
Removing the Power Supply
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Depending on your system configuration, disconnect the power cables
from the following components where applicable (see Figure 6-2 for
connector locations):
•
PWR_CONN connector on the system board
•
12V connector on the system board
•
Hard drives
•
Diskette drive
•
Tape backup unit
•
Optical drives
NOTE: Note the routing of the DC power cables underneath the tabs in the
system frame as you release the tabs and remove the cables from the system
board and drives. You must route these cables properly when you replace
them to prevent their being pinched or crimped.
4 Remove the heat sink and shroud assembly. Loosen the two captive screws
holding the heat sink and shroud assembly in place.
These captive screws are adjacent to the processor cooling fan housing. See
Figure 3-21.
92
Installing System Components
book.book Page 93 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
5 Tilt the heat sink and shroud assembly away from the fan housing and lift
it out.
6 Remove the I/O panel and SATA cables (if present) attached to the routing
clips on the side of the power supply.
7 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, remove the four Phillips screws that secure
the power supply to the back panel.
8 Press the power-supply release tab down and slide the power supply toward
the front of the system, then lift it out of the system chassis. See
Figure 3-27.
9 Remove the cable clip and set it aside to attach to the new power supply.
Figure 3-27.
Removing the Power Supply
1
2
3
1
power supply release tab
2
4
power supply
3
screws (4)
4
cable clip
Installing System Components
93
book.book Page 94 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Installing the Power Supply
1 Attach the cable clip to the new power supply.
2 Align the power supply mounting holes with the mounting holes on the
back panel.
3 Slide the power supply toward the back panel until it snaps into place over
the power-supply release tab.
4 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, install the four Phillips screws that secure
the power supply to the back panel.
5 Reattach the I/O panel and SATA cables (if present) to the routing clip on
the side of the power supply.
6 Depending on your system configuration, connect the following power
cables:
•
PWR_CONN connector on the system board
•
12V connector on the system board
•
Hard drives
•
Diskette drive
•
Tape backup unit
•
Optical drives
7 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
Chassis Intrusion Switch
Removing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
94
Installing System Components
book.book Page 95 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
3 Disconnect the chassis intrusion switch cable from the INTRUSION
SWITCH connector on the system board. See Figure 3-28.
4 Slide the chassis intrusion switch out of the securing bracket notch. See
Figure 3-28.
5 Remove the switch and its attached cable from the system.
Figure 3-28.
Removing and Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
1
2
3
1
chassis intrusion switch
3
INTRUSION SWITCH connector
2
securing bracket notch
Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
1 Align the chassis intrusion switch with the securing bracket notch. See
Figure 3-28.
2 Slide the switch into the securing bracket notch.
Installing System Components
95
book.book Page 96 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
3 Connect the switch cable to the INTRUSION SWITCH connector on the
system board.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
5 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system.
Bezel
Removing the Bezel
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Remove the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Removing the Processor"
on page 81. Do not remove the processor, however.
4 Remove the large processor cooling fan. See "Removing the Cooling Fans"
on page 84.
5 Remove the two bezel release screws. See Figure 3-29.
6 Slide the bezel toward the top of the system, then lift it outward.
96
Installing System Components
book.book Page 97 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-29.
Removing the Bezel
1
4
3
1
alignment slot
2
2
bezel release screws (2)
3
bezel
4
alignment tab
Replacing the Bezel
1 Align the bezel with the chassis frame and slide it into position.
2 Secure the alignment tabs into their alignment slots.
3 Attach the two bezel release screws to secure the bezel to the system
chassis. See Figure 3-29.
4 Replace the processor fan. See "Replacing the Cooling Fans" on page 87.
5 Reinstall the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Replacing the Processor"
on page 83.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
7 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system.
Installing System Components
97
book.book Page 98 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
I/O Panel Assembly
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Removing the I/O Panel Assembly
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Remove the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Removing the Processor"
on page 81. Do not remove the processor, however.
4 Remove the processor cooling fan. See "Removing the Cooling Fans" on
page 84.
5 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Bezel" on page 96.
NOTICE: Carefully note the routing of each cable before you disconnect it, so that
you are sure to re-route cables correctly.
6 Disconnect the I/O panel ribbon cable from the I/O panel connector by
pulling the yellow cable loop.
7 Remove the mounting screw holding the I/O panel assembly to the front
chassis. See Figure 3-30.
8 Lift the I/O panel assembly out of the system.
98
Installing System Components
book.book Page 99 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-30.
Removing and Installing the I/O Panel Assembly
1
2
3
4
5
1
screw on the I/O panel
2
I/O panel assembly
3
alignment stop on chassis
4
I/O panel securing slot
5
holding tab on the chassis
Replacing the I/O Panel Assembly
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Installing System Components
99
book.book Page 100 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
1 Fit the I/O panel assembly so that the holding tab on the front of the
chassis catches at its bottom securing slot and the I/O panel assembly lines
up with the alignment stop. See Figure 3-30.
2 Secure the I/O panel assembly by replacing the screw. See Figure 3-30.
3 Secure the I/O panel ribbon cable through the clips beneath the
3.5 optional diskette drive and on the side of the power supply shroud, and
connect the I/O panel ribbon cable to the new I/O panel connector. See
Figure 3-31.
100
Installing System Components
book.book Page 101 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 3-31.
Cabling the I/O Panel Assembly
5
6
1
4
2
3
1
I/O panel connector
2
front drive bezel
3
I/O panel assembly
4
4-pin power cable to system board
5
cable clip on power supply
6
I/O panel ribbon cable
4 Replace the large processor cooling fan. See "Replacing the Cooling Fans"
on page 87.
5 Replace the heat sink and shroud assembly. See "Replacing the Processor"
on page 83.
NOTE: To prevent damaging the processor, clean the heat sink to remove any
thermal grease and then apply fresh thermal grease to the processor before
installing the heat sink.
Installing System Components
101
book.book Page 102 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
7 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system.
System Board
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: The heat sink can get hot during operation. To avoid burns, ensure that
the system has sufficient time to cool before removing the system board.
Removing the System Board
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Depending on your configuration, disconnect the following cables from
the system board. See Figure 6-2 for connector locations.
•
Two power-supply cables from the PWR_CONN and 12V connectors
•
Diskette data cable from the FLOPPY connector
•
I/O panel cable from the CONTROL_PANEL connector
•
Processor cooling fan cable from the CPU_FAN connector
•
Drive cage cooling fan cable from the HDD_FAN connector
•
SATA hard-drive data cable(s) from the SATA connector(s)
•
Intrusion switch cable from the INTRUSION SWITCH connector
4 Remove all expansion cards and any attached cables. See "Removing an
Expansion Card" on page 70.
5 Remove all memory modules. See "Memory" on page 76.
NOTE: Record the memory-module socket locations to ensure proper
reinstallation of the memory modules.
CAUTION: The processor and heat sink can become extremely hot. Allow
sufficient time for the processor and heat sink to cool before handling.
102
Installing System Components
book.book Page 103 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
NOTICE: To prevent damaging the processor, do not pry the heat sink off of the
processor.
6 Remove the processor. See "Removing the Processor" on page 81.
7 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, remove the six system board mounting
screws that secure the system board to the chassis. See Figure 6-2.
8 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, remove the two processor heat sink pivot
mount screws and remove the pivot mount from the system board. See
Figure 6-2. The heat sink pivot mount screws are green and are longer than
the system board mounting screws.
9 Carefully route any loose cables away from the edges of the system board.
10 Gently slide the system board toward the front of the system, then lift the
system board up and out of the chassis.
Installing the System Board
1 After removing the old system board, lower the new system board into the
chassis, aligning the I/O ports on the system board with the I/O connector
openings on the back panel of the chassis.
2 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, install the six screws on the system board
that secure it to the chassis. See Figure 6-2.
3 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, attach the processor heat sink pivot mount
to the system board. See Figure 6-2.
NOTICE: To prevent damaging the processor, clean the heat sink to remove any
thermal grease and then apply fresh thermal grease to the processor before
installing the heat sink.
4 Replace the processor, and the heat sink and shroud assembly. See
"Replacing the Processor" on page 83.
5 Install the memory modules in the same sockets from which they were
removed. See "Installing a Memory Module" on page 78.
6 Install the expansion cards and connect any cables. See "Installing an
Expansion Card" on page 73.
7 Depending on your configuration, connect the following cables that you
removed in "Removing the System Board" on page 102. See Figure 6-2.
•
Two power-supply cables to the PWR_CONN and 12V connectors
•
If applicable, diskette data cable to the FLOPPY connector
Installing System Components
103
book.book Page 104 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
I/O panel cable to the CONTROL_PANEL connector
•
Processor cooling fan cable to the CPU_FAN connector
•
Drive cage cooling fan cable to the HDD_FAN connector
•
SATA hard-drive data cable(s) to the SATA connector(s)
•
Intrusion switch cable from the INTRUSION SWITCH connector
8 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
9 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system.
104
Installing System Components
book.book Page 105 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting Your System
Safety First—For You and Your System
To perform certain procedures in this document, you must remove the system
cover and work inside the system. While working inside the system, do not
attempt to service the system except as explained in this guide and elsewhere
in your system documentation.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Start-Up Routine
Look and listen during the system's start-up routine for the indications
described in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1.
Start-Up Routine Indications
Look/listen for:
Action
A code displayed on the system
diagnostic indicators.
See "Diagnostic Lights" on page 16.
An error message displayed on the
monitor.
See "System Messages" on page 18.
The monitor's power indicator.
See "Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem"
on page 106.
The keyboard indicators.
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard or
Mouse" on page 107.
The USB diskette drive activity
indicator.
See "Troubleshooting a Diskette Drive" on
page 120.
Troubleshooting Your System
105
book.book Page 106 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 4-1.
Start-Up Routine Indications (continued)
Look/listen for:
Action
The USB CD drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting an Optical Drive" on
page 122.
The hard-drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting a Hard Drive" on
page 124.
An unfamiliar constant scraping or
grinding sound when you access a
drive.
See "Getting Help" on page 141.
Checking the Equipment
This section provides troubleshooting procedures for external devices
attached to the system, such as the monitor, keyboard, or mouse. Before you
perform any of the procedures, see "Troubleshooting External Connections"
on page 106.
Troubleshooting External Connections
Loose or improperly connected cables are the most likely source of problems
for the system, monitor, and other peripherals (such as a printer, keyboard,
mouse, or other external device). Ensure that all external cables are securely
attached to the external connectors on your system. See Figure 1-2 for the
back-panel connectors on your system.
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
Problem
•
Monitor is not working properly.
•
Video memory is faulty.
Action
1 Check the system and power connections to the monitor.
2 Determine whether the system has an expansion card with a video output
connector.
106
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 107 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
In this system configuration, the monitor cable should normally be
connected to the connector on the expansion card, not to the system’s
integrated video connector.
To verify that the monitor is connected to the correct video connector,
turn off the system and wait for 1 minute, then connect the monitor to the
other video connector and turn the system on again.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the tests run successfully, the problem is not related to video hardware.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting the Keyboard or Mouse
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with the keyboard and/or mouse
•
Keyboard and/or mouse is not functioning or is functioning improperly.
Action
1 Disconnect the keyboard and mouse cables from the system for 10 seconds
and then reconnect them.
If the problem is not resolved, proceed to the next step.
2 Try connecting the keyboard/mouse to the USB ports on the opposite side
of the system. For example, if your are using the front USB ports, try
connecting to the rear USB ports.
If the problem is not resolved, proceed to the next step.
If the problem is resolved, restart the system, enter the System Setup
program, and check if the non-functioning USB ports are enabled. See
"Getting Help" on page 141 if the ports are enabled but not functioning.
3 Swap the faulty keyboard or mouse with a working keyboard or mouse.
If the problem is resolved, replace the faulty keyboard or mouse.
Troubleshooting Your System
107
book.book Page 108 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
4 If other USB devices are connected to the system ports adjacent to those
used by the keyboard and mouse, power down the devices and disconnect
them from the system.
An overcurrent event on another USB device can cause both the keyboard
and mouse to stop functioning.
If the mouse and keyboard do not immediately return to operation after
disconnecting the other USB devices, restart your system. If the problem
persists, proceed to the next step.
If the mouse and keyboard operations are restored, reconnect the
disconnected USB devices and power them on one at a time. Note if any
device causes the same problem and replace any faulty device(s).
5 If you have remote access to your system, use a remote host to access the
system’s System Setup program and enable the USB ports. If remote
access is not available, proceed to the next step.
If enabling the USB ports does not resolve the problem, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
6 If you do not have remote access to your system, use the following
procedure to set the NVRAM_CLR jumper inside your system and restore
the BIOS to its default settings.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
a
Turn off the system and attached peripherals and unplug the system
from the power source.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
c
Locate the NVRAM_CLR jumper on your system board (see
Figure 6-1) and set the jumper to the enabled position.
d
Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
e
Reconnect the system and peripherals to power and restart.
If the mouse and keyboard are operational, proceed to the next step.
108
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 109 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If the mouse and keyboard are still not operational, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
f
Repeat step a and step b.
g
Set the NVRAM_CLR jumper to the disabled position.
h
Close the system.
i
Reconnect the system to power and restart the system and attached
peripherals.
j
Enter the System Setup program and reenter any custom BIOS
settings that were reset. Be sure to leave all USB ports enabled.
Troubleshooting Serial I/O Problems
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with a serial port.
•
Device connected to a serial port is not operating properly.
Action
1 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the serial port is enabled
and configured correctly for your application. See "Using the System Setup
Program" on page 29.
2 If the problem is confined to a particular application, see the application
documentation for specific port configuration requirements that the
program may require.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the tests run successfully but the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting
a USB Device" on page 110.
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
Problem
•
Device connected to the serial port is not operating properly.
Troubleshooting Your System
109
book.book Page 110 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Action
1 Turn off the system and any peripheral devices connected to the serial
port.
2 Swap the serial interface cable with a working cable, and turn on the
system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the interface cable. See "Getting Help"
on page 141.
3 Turn off the system and the serial device, and swap the device with a
comparable device.
4 Turn on the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the serial device. See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Problem
•
System message indicates a problem with a USB device.
•
One or more USB devices are not operating properly.
Action
1 If a single USB device is experiencing a problem, perform the following
procedure. For problems with multiple USB devices, skip to step 2.
a
Turn off the USB device, disconnect the USB cable from the system
briefly, and reconnect the cable.
b
Restart the system, enter the System Setup program, and ensure that
all USB ports are enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on
page 29.
c
Turn off the USB device and swap the interface cable with a working
cable. Turn on the device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the interface cable.
d
110
Turn off the USB device, connect it to another USB connector on the
system, and turn on the USB device.
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 111 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If the USB device functions, the USB connector on the system is likely
defective. Otherwise, the USB device is faulty and needs to be
replaced. See "Getting Help" on page 141.
2 Power down all USB peripheral devices and disconnect all USB devices
from the system except the USB mouse and keyboard.
3 Restart the system and reconnect the USB devices.
If the problem is resolved, the problem was likely caused by an overcurrent
event on one of the USB devices. If the problem persists, attempt to isolate
the faulty device by trying different USB configurations.
If the problem is not resolved, proceed to the next step.
4 Reset the system BIOS to the default settings by setting the NVRAM
_CLR jumper inside your system. Use the following procedure.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
a
Turn off the system and attached peripherals and unplug the system
from the power source.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
c
Locate the NVRAM_CLR jumper on your system board (see
Figure 6-1) and set the jumper to the enabled position.
d
Close the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
e
Reconnect the system and peripherals to power and restart.
If all USB devices are operational, proceed to the next step.
If the USB devices are still not functioning, see "Getting Help" on
page 141.
f
Repeat step a and step b.
g
Set the NVRAM_CLR jumper to the disabled position.
h
Close the system.
i
Reconnect the system and peripherals to power and restart.
Troubleshooting Your System
111
book.book Page 112 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
j
Enter the System Setup program and reenter any custom BIOS
settings that were reset. Be sure to leave all USB ports enabled. See
"Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
Troubleshooting a NIC
Problem
•
NIC cannot communicate with network.
Action
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
2 Check the appropriate indicator on the NIC connector. See "NIC Indicator
Codes" on page 14.
•
If the link indicator does not light, check all cable connections.
•
If the activity indicator does not light, the network driver files might
be damaged or missing.
Remove and reinstall the drivers if applicable. See the NIC's
documentation.
•
Change the autonegotiation setting, if possible.
•
Use another connector on the switch or hub.
If you are using a NIC card instead of an integrated NIC, see the
documentation for the NIC card.
3 Ensure that the appropriate drivers are installed and the protocols are
bound. See the NIC's documentation.
4 Enter the System Setup program and confirm that the NICs are enabled.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
5 Ensure that the NICs, hubs, and switches on the network are all set to the
same data transmission speed. See the network equipment
documentation.
6 Ensure that all network cables are of the proper type and do not exceed the
maximum length.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
112
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 113 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting a Wet System
Problem
•
Liquid spilled on the system.
•
Excessive humidity.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Remove all expansion cards installed in the system. See "Removing an
Expansion Card" on page 70.
4 Let the system dry thoroughly for at least 24 hours.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
6 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
If the system does not start properly, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
7 If the system starts properly, shut down the system and reinstall all of the
expansion cards that you removed. See "Installing an Expansion Card" on
page 73.
8 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting Your System
113
book.book Page 114 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
Problem
•
System was dropped or damaged.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
2 Ensure that the following components are properly installed:
•
Expansion cards
•
Power supply
•
Fans
•
Processors and heat sinks
•
Optional installed drivers
•
Memory modules
3 Ensure that all cables are properly connected.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
5 Run the system board tests in the system diagnostics. See "Running the
System Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting the System Battery
Problem
114
•
System message indicates a problem with the battery.
•
System Setup program loses system configuration information.
•
System date and time do not remain current.
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 115 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
NOTE: If the system is turned off for long periods of time (for weeks or months), the
NVRAM may lose its system configuration information. This situation is caused by a
defective battery.
Action
1 Re-enter the time and date through the System Setup program. See "Using
the System Setup Program" on page 29.
2 Turn off the system and disconnect it from the electrical outlet for at least
one hour.
3 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet and turn on the system.
4 Enter the System Setup program. See "Using the System Setup Program"
on page 29.
If the date and time are not correct in the System Setup program, replace
the battery. See "System Battery" on page 89.
If the problem is not resolved by replacing the battery, see "Getting Help"
on page 141.
NOTE: Some software may cause the system time to speed up or slow down. If the
system seems to operate normally except for the time kept in the System Setup
program, the problem may be caused by software rather than by a defective
battery.
Troubleshooting Power Supply
Problem
•
Power-supply fault indicator is blinking amber.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 131.
Troubleshooting Your System
115
book.book Page 116 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
4 Locate the faulty power supply.
The power supply's fault indicator is lit. See "Power Supply Indicators" on
page 15.
NOTICE: Setting the voltage selection switch to an improper setting can damage
your system.
5 Ensure that the power supply is properly installed by removing and
reinstalling it. See "Installing the Power Supply" on page 94.
NOTE: After installing a power supply, allow several seconds for the system
to recognize the power supply and to determine if it is working properly. The
power indicator turns green to signify that the power supply is functioning
properly.
6 If the problem is resolved, close the system. See "Closing the System" on
page 47.
If the problem persists, remove the faulty power supply. See "Removing the
Power Supply" on page 92.
7 Install a new power supply. See "Installing the Power Supply" on page 94.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting System Cooling Problems
Problem
•
Systems management software issues a fan-related error message.
Action
Ensure that none of the following conditions exist:
116
•
System cover, drive blank, or front or back filler panel is removed.
•
Ambient temperature is too high.
•
External airflow is obstructed.
•
Cables inside the system obstruct airflow.
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 117 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
An individual cooling fan is removed or has failed. See "Troubleshooting a
Fan" on page 117.
Troubleshooting a Fan
Problem
•
System-status indicator is amber.
•
System management software issues a fan-related error message.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Run the appropriate diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
CAUTION: The cooling fans are hot-pluggable. To maintain proper cooling while
the system is on, only replace one fan at a time.
4 Locate the faulty fan indicated by the diagnostic software or the fan
indicator that is blinking amber. For the identification number of each fan,
see "Removing and Installing the Heat Sink Cooling Fan" on page 87.
5 Ensure that the faulty fan's power cable is firmly attached to the fan power
connector. For a hot-plug fan, remove and reseat the fan. See "Cooling
Fans" on page 84.
NOTE: Wait 30 seconds for the system to recognize the fan and determine
whether it is working properly.
6 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
7 If the problem is not resolved, install a new fan. See "Cooling Fans" on
page 84.
Troubleshooting Your System
117
book.book Page 118 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If the replacement fan is working properly, close the system. See "Closing
the System" on page 47.
If the replacement fan does not operate, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting System Memory
Problem
•
Faulty memory module.
•
Faulty system board.
•
Diagnostic indicator code indicates a problem with system memory.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 If the system is operational, run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See
"Using Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics" on page 131.
If diagnostics indicates a fault, follow the corrective actions provided by
the diagnostic program. If the problem is not resolved or if the system is
not operational, continue to the next step.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, unplug the system from the
power source and press the power button, and then reconnect the system
to power.
3 Turn on the system and attached peripherals and, as the system boots,
note the messages on the screen.
If an error messages appears indicating a fault with a specific memory
module, go to step 12.
If any other system message appears that indicates a nonspecific memory
problem, continue to the next step.
4 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
118
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 119 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If the installed memory does not match the amount of memory shown in
the System Setup program, proceed to the next step.
If the memory settings and installed memory indicate no problems, go to
step 12.
5 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
6 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
7 Ensure that the memory banks are populated correctly. See "Memory
Module Installation Guidelines" on page 76.
If the memory modules are populated correctly, continue to the next step.
8 Reseat the memory modules in their sockets. See "Installing a Memory
Module" on page 78.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
10 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
11 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
If the amount of memory installed still does not match the system
memory setting, proceed to the next step.
12 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from its electrical outlet.
13 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
NOTE: Several configurations for the memory modules exist; see "Memory Module
Installation Guidelines" on page 76.
14 If a diagnostic test or error message indicates a specific memory module as
faulty, swap or replace the module. Otherwise, swap the memory module
in the first DIMM socket with a module of the same type and capacity that
is known to be good. See "Installing a Memory Module" on page 78.
15 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
16 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
Troubleshooting Your System
119
book.book Page 120 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
17 As the system boots, observe any error message that appears and the
diagnostic indicators on the front of the system.
18 If the memory problem is still indicated, repeat step 12 through step 17 for
each memory module installed.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting a Diskette Drive
Problem
•
Error message indicates a diskette drive problem.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Enter the System Setup program and verify that the diskette drive is
configured correctly. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
2 Remove the bezel. See "Removing the Bezel" on page 96.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
4 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
5 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
6 Ensure that the diskette drive interface cable is securely connected to the
diskette drive and the system board.
7 Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
8 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
9 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
10 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test to see whether the diskette
drive works correctly.
120
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 121 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
If the problem persists, continue with the following steps.
11 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from its electrical outlet.
12 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
13 Remove all expansion cards installed in the system. See "Removing an
Expansion Card" on page 70.
14 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
15 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
16 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test to see whether the diskette
drive works correctly.
If the tests run successfully, an expansion card may be conflicting with the
diskette drive logic, or an expansion card may be faulty. Continue to the
next step.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
17 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
18 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
19 Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed in step 13. See
"Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73.
20 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
21 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
22 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test to see whether the diskette
drive works correctly.
23 Repeat step 17 through step 22 until all expansion cards are reinstalled or
one of the expansion cards causes the tests to fail.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting Your System
121
book.book Page 122 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive
Problem
•
System cannot read data from a CD or DVD in an optical drive.
•
Optical drive indicator does not blink during boot.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Remove the bezel. See "Removing the Bezel" on page 96.
2 Try using a different CD or DVD that you know works properly.
3 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the drive’s SATA
controller is enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
4 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
5 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
6 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
7 Ensure that the interface cable is securely connected to the optical drive
and to the controller.
8 Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
10 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
122
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 123 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting an External SCSI Tape Drive
Problem
•
Defective tape drive
•
Defective tape cartridge
•
Missing or corrupted tape-backup software or tape drive device driver
•
Defective SCSI controller
Action
1 Remove the tape cartridge you were using when the problem occurred, and
replace it with a tape cartridge that you know works.
2 Ensure that the SCSI device drivers for the tape drive are installed and are
configured correctly. See "Installing an Optical or Tape Drive" on page 60.
3 Reinstall the tape-backup software as instructed in the tape-backup
software documentation.
4 Ensure that the tape drive’s interface/DC power cable is connected to the
tape drive and SCSI controller card.
5 Verify that the tape drive is configured for a unique SCSI ID number and
that the tape drive is terminated or not terminated, based on the interface
cable used to connect the drive.
See the documentation for the tape drive for instructions on selecting the
SCSI ID number and enabling or disabling termination.
6 Run the appropriate online diagnostics tests. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
7 Open or remove the bezel. See "Removing the Bezel" on page 96.
8 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Troubleshooting Your System
123
book.book Page 124 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
9 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
10 Ensure that the SCSI controller card is firmly seated in its connector. See
"Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
12 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
13 If the problem is not resolved, see the documentation for the tape drive for
additional troubleshooting instructions.
14 If you cannot resolve the problem, see "Getting Help" on page 141 for
information on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
Problem
•
Device driver error.
•
One or more hard drives not recognized by the system.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard
drive. Before you proceed, back up all files on the hard drive.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
Depending on the results of the diagnostics test, proceed as needed
through the following steps.
2 If you are experiencing problems with multiple hard drives, skip to step 6.
For a problem with a single hard drive, continue to the next step.
3 If your system has a SAS RAID controller, perform the following steps.
124
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 125 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
a
Restart the system and press <Ctrl><R> to enter the host adapter
configuration utility program.
See the documentation supplied with the host adapter for information
about the configuration utility.
b
Ensure that the hard drive has been configured correctly for the RAID.
c
Exit the configuration utility and allow the system to boot to the
operating system.
4 Ensure that the required device drivers for your SAS controller card or SAS
RAID controller are installed and are configured correctly. See the
operating system documentation for more information.
5 Verify that the controller is enabled and the drives appear in the System
Setup program. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
6 Check the cable connections inside the system:
a
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and
disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
c
Verify that the cable connections between the hard drive(s) and the
drive controller are correct, whether the connections are to the SATA
connectors on the system board, a SAS expansion card, or a SAS RAID
controller. See "Hard Drives" on page 64.
d
Verify that the SAS or SATA cables are securely seated in their
connectors.
e
Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
f
Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
Troubleshooting a SAS or SAS RAID Controller
NOTE: When troubleshooting a SAS RAID controller, also see the documentation
for your operating system and the controller.
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with the SAS or SAS RAID controller.
Troubleshooting Your System
125
book.book Page 126 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
SAS or SAS RAID controller performs incorrectly or not at all.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics" on page 131.
2 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the SAS or SAS RAID
controller is enabled. See "Using the System Setup Program" on page 29.
3 Restart the system and press the applicable key sequence to enter the
configuration utility program:
•
<Ctrl><C> for a SAS controller
•
<Ctrl><R> for a SAS RAID controller
See the controller's documentation for information about configuration
settings.
4 Check the configuration settings, make any necessary corrections, and
restart the system.
If the problem is not resolved, continue to the next step.
5 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from its electrical outlet.
6 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
7 Ensure that the controller card is firmly seated into the system board
connector. See "Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73.
8 If you have a SAS RAID controller, ensure that the following RAID
components are properly installed and connected:
•
Memory module
•
Battery
9 Verify that the cable connections between the hard drives and the SAS
controller are correct. See "Hard Drives" on page 64.
126
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 127 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Ensure that the cables are firmly connected to the SAS controller and the
hard drives.
10 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
11 Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals. If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on
page 141.
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
NOTE: When troubleshooting an expansion card, see the documentation for your
operating system and the expansion card.
Problem
•
Error message indicates a problem with an expansion card.
•
Expansion card performs incorrectly or not at all.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test for the expansion card which is
exhibiting issues. See "Using Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics" on page 131.
Follow any recommended actions provided by the diagnostics. If the
problem persists, go to the next step.
2 Open or remove the bezel. See "Removing the Bezel" on page 96.
3 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
4 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
5 Ensure that each expansion card is firmly seated in its connector. See
"Installing an Expansion Card" on page 73.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
Troubleshooting Your System
127
book.book Page 128 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
7 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, go to the next step.
8 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
9 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
10 Remove all expansion cards in the system. See "Removing an Expansion
Card" on page 70.
NOTE: If your operating system is running off a disk controller card (such as a SAS
controller card), do not remove it.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
12 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
13 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
14 For each expansion card you removed in step 10, perform the following steps:
a
Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the
system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
c
Reinstall one of the expansion cards.
d
Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
e
Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system
and attached peripherals.
f
Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, repeat step 14 for each expansion card until you are
able to single out the faulty expansion card.
If the tests fail for all expansion cards, see "Getting Help" on page 141.
128
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 129 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Troubleshooting the Microprocessor
Problem
•
Error message indicates a processor problem.
•
Diagnostic indicator code indicates a problem with the processor or system
board.
•
A heat sink is not installed for the processor.
Action
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 If possible, run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using Dell
PowerEdge Diagnostics" on page 131.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
4 Ensure that the processor and heat sink are properly installed. See
"Replacing the Processor" on page 83.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
6 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
7 If possible, run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Running the
System Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the tests fail or the problem persists, continue to the next step.
8 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
9 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
10 Replace the processor. See "Replacing the Processor" on page 83.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
Troubleshooting Your System
129
book.book Page 130 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
12 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system and
attached peripherals.
13 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Running the System
Diagnostics" on page 131.
If the problem persists, the system board is faulty. See "Getting Help" on
page 141.
130
Troubleshooting Your System
book.book Page 131 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Running the System Diagnostics
If you experience a problem with your system, run the diagnostics before
calling for technical assistance. The purpose of the diagnostics is to test your
system's hardware without requiring additional equipment or risking data
loss. If you are unable to fix the problem yourself, service and support
personnel can use diagnostics test results to help you solve the problem.
Using Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics
To assess a system problem, first use the online Dell™ PowerEdge™
Diagnostics. Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics is a suite of diagnostic programs, or
test modules, that include diagnostic tests on chassis and storage components
such as hard drives, physical memory, communications and printer ports,
NICs, CMOS, and more. If you are unable to identify the problem using the
PowerEdge Diagnostics, then use the system diagnostics.
The files required to run PowerEdge Diagnostics for systems running
supported Microsoft® Windows® and Linux operating systems are available
at support.dell.com and on the CDs that came with your system. For
information about using diagnostics, see the Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics
User's Guide.
System Diagnostics Features
The system diagnostics provides a series of menus and options for particular
device groups or devices. The system diagnostics menus and options allow
you to:
•
Run tests individually or collectively.
•
Control the sequence of tests.
•
Repeat tests.
•
Display, print, or save test results.
•
Temporarily suspend testing if an error is detected or terminate testing
when a user-defined error limit is reached.
•
View help messages that briefly describe each test and its parameters.
Running the System Diagnostics
131
book.book Page 132 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
View status messages that inform you if tests are completed successfully.
•
View error messages that inform you of problems encountered during
testing.
When to Use the System Diagnostics
If a major component or device in the system does not operate properly,
component failure may be indicated. As long as the microprocessor and the
system's input/output devices (monitor, keyboard, and diskette drive) are
functioning, you can use the system diagnostics to help identify the problem.
Running the System Diagnostics
The system diagnostics is run from the utility partition on your hard drive.
NOTICE: Use the system diagnostics to test only your system. Using this program
with other systems may cause invalid results or error messages. In addition, use
only the program that came with your system (or an updated version of that
program).
1 As the system boots, press <F10> during POST.
2 From the utility partition main menu, select Run System Diagnostics, or
select Run Memory Diagnostics if you are troubleshooting memory.
When you start the system diagnostics, a message is displayed stating that the
diagnostics are initializing. Next, the Diagnostics menu appears. The menu
allows you to run all or specific diagnostics tests or to exit the system
diagnostics.
NOTE: Before you read the rest of this section, start the system diagnostics so that
you can see the utility on your screen.
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Click the testing option in the Main Menu window. Table 5-1 provides a brief
explanation of testing options.
132
Running the System Diagnostics
book.book Page 133 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 5-1.
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Testing Option
Function
Express Test
Performs a quick check of the system. This option runs device
tests that do not require user interaction. Use this option to
quickly identify the source of your problem.
Extended Test
Performs a more thorough check of the system. This test can
take an hour or longer.
Custom Test
Tests a particular device.
Information
Displays test results.
Using the Custom Test Options
When you select Custom Test in the Main Menu window, the Customize
window appears and allows you to select the device(s) to be tested, select
specific options for testing, and view the test results.
Selecting Devices for Testing
The left side of the Customize window lists devices that can be tested.
Devices are grouped by device type or by module, depending on the option
you select. Click the (+) next to a device or module to view its components.
Click (+) on any component to view the tests that are available. Clicking a
device, rather than its components, selects all of the components of the
device for testing.
NOTE: After you select all the devices and components that you want to test,
highlight All Devices and then click Run Tests.
Selecting Diagnostics Options
Use the Diagnostics Options area to select how you want to test a device. You
can set the following options:
•
Non-Interactive Tests Only — When checked, runs only tests that require
no user intervention.
•
Quick Tests Only — When checked, runs only the quick tests on the
device. Extended tests will not run when you select this option.
•
Show Ending Timestamp — When checked, time stamps the test log.
Running the System Diagnostics
133
book.book Page 134 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
•
Test Iterations — Selects the number of times the test is run.
•
Log output file pathname — When checked, enables you to specify where
the test log file is saved.
Viewing Information and Results
The tabs in the Customize window provide information about the test and
the test results. The following tabs are available:
134
•
Results — Displays the test that ran and the result.
•
Errors — Displays any errors that occurred during the test.
•
Help — Displays information about the currently selected device,
component, or test.
•
Configuration — Displays basic configuration information about the
currently selected device.
•
Parameters — If applicable, displays parameters that you can set for the
test.
Running the System Diagnostics
book.book Page 135 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Jumpers and Connectors
This section provides specific information about the system jumpers and
describes the connectors on the various boards in the system.
System Board Jumpers
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Figure 6-1 shows the location of the configuration jumpers on the system
board. Table 6-1 lists the jumper settings.
Jumpers and Connectors
135
book.book Page 136 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Figure 6-1.
Table 6-1.
System Board Jumpers
System Board Jumper Settings
Jumper
Setting
PWRD_EN
Description
(default) The password feature is enabled.
The password feature is disabled.
NVRAM_CLR
(default) The configuration settings in NVRAM are
retained at system boot.
The configuration settings in NVRAM are cleared
at next system boot.
136
Jumpers and Connectors
book.book Page 137 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
System Board Connectors
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
See Figure 6-2 and Table 6-2 for the location and description of the system
board connectors.
Figure 6-2. System Board Connectors
1
2
3
4
5 6
7 8 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
28
27
26
25
16
17
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
Jumpers and Connectors
137
book.book Page 138 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 6-2.
System Board Connectors
Item
Connector
Description
1
CONTROL_PANEL
front panel
2
INTRUSION SWITCH
chassis intrusion switch connector
3
USB3/USB4/USB5
USB connectors
4
NIC1/USB1/USB2
NIC and USB connectors
5
PWR_CONN
power connector
6
VGA
video connector
7
SATA_D
SATA drive
8
SATA_C
SATA drive
9
COM
serial connector
10
SATA_B
SATA drive
11
SATA_A
SATA drive
12
PCIE_X4 (SLOT1)
PCIe x4 (x8 slot)
13
PCIE_X8 (SLOT2)
PCIe x8
14
PCI (SLOT3)
32-bit, 33-MHz PCI
15
PCIE_X1 (SLOT4)
PCIe x1
16
FLOPPY
diskette drive
17
NVRAM_CLR/PWRD_EN
system board jumpers
18
INTERNAL USB
internal USB key
19
HDD_FAN
drive cage fan
20
CPU_FAN
processor fan
21
AUXLED
auxiliary hard drive LED
22
BATTERY
battery socket
23
CPU
processor
24
12V
12V power connector
25
DIMM1_A
memory module
26
DIMM2_A
memory module
138
Jumpers and Connectors
book.book Page 139 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Table 6-2.
System Board Connectors (continued)
Item
Connector
Description
27
DIMM1_B
memory module
28
DIMM2_B
memory module
Disabling a Forgotten Password
The password jumper on the system board enables the system password
features or disables them and clears any password(s) currently in use.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
3 Move the PWRD_EN jumper to the disabled position.
See Figure 6-1 to locate the password jumper on the system board.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 47.
5 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn on the system.
The existing passwords are not disabled (erased) until the system boots
with the password jumper plug removed. However, before you assign a new
system and/or setup password, you must install the jumper plug.
NOTE: If you assign a new system and/or setup password with the jumper
plug still removed, the system disables the new password(s) the next time it
boots.
6 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
7 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 47.
8 Move the PWRD_EN jumper from the disabled position to the enabled
position.
Jumpers and Connectors
139
book.book Page 140 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
9 Close the system, reconnect the system to the electrical outlet, and turn
on the system.
10 Assign a new system and/or setup password.
To assign a new password using the System Setup program, see "Using the
System Password" on page 39.
140
Jumpers and Connectors
book.book Page 141 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Getting Help
Contacting Dell
For customers in the United States, call 800-WWW-DELL (800-999-3355).
NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact
information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options.
Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be
available in your area. To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or
customer service issues:
1 Visit support.dell.com.
2 Verify your country or region in the Choose A Country/Region drop-down
menu at the bottom of the page.
3 Click Contact Us on the left side of the page.
4 Select the appropriate service or support link based on your need.
5 Choose the method of contacting Dell that is convenient for you.
Getting Help
141
book.book Page 142 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
142
Getting Help
book.book Page 143 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Glossary
This section defines or identifies technical terms, abbreviations, and
acronyms used in your system documents.
A — Ampere(s).
AC — Alternating current.
ACPI — Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. A standard interface for
enabling the operating system to direct configuration and power management.
ambient temperature — The temperature of the area or room where the system is
located.
ANSI — American National Standards Institute. The primary organization for
developing technology standards in the U.S.
application — Software designed to help you perform a specific task or series of tasks.
Applications run from the operating system.
ASCII — American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
asset tag — An individual code assigned to a system, usually by an administrator, for
security or tracking purposes.
backup — A copy of a program or data file. As a precaution, back up your system’s
hard drive on a regular basis. Before making a change to the configuration of your
system, back up important start-up files from your operating system.
backup battery — A battery that maintains system configuration, date, and time
information in a special section of memory when the system is turned off.
beep code — A diagnostic message in the form of a pattern of beeps from your
system’s speaker. For example, one beep, followed by a second beep, and then a burst
of three beeps is beep code 1-1-3.
BIOS — Basic input/output system. Your system’s BIOS contains programs stored on
a flash memory chip. The BIOS controls the following:
• Communications between the processor and peripheral devices
• Miscellaneous functions, such as system messages
bit — The smallest unit of information interpreted by your system.
blade — A module that contains a processor, memory, and a hard drive. The modules
are mounted into a chassis that includes power supplies and fans.
BMC — Baseboard management controller.
Glossary
143
book.book Page 144 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
boot routine — A program that clears all memory, initializes devices, and loads the
operating system when you start your system. Unless the operating system fails to
respond, you can reboot (also called warm boot) your system by pressing
<Ctrl><Alt><Del>. Otherwise, you must restart the system by pressing the reset
button or by turning the system off and then back on.
bootable diskette — A diskette that is used to start your system if the system will not
boot from the hard drive.
BTU — British thermal unit.
bus — An information pathway between the components of a system. Your system
contains an expansion bus that allows the processor to communicate with controllers
for the peripheral devices connected to the system. Your system also contains an
address bus and a data bus for communications between the processor and RAM.
C — Celsius.
cache — A fast storage area that keeps a copy of data or instructions for quick data
retrieval. When a program makes a request to a disk drive for data that is in the cache,
the disk-cache utility can retrieve the data from RAM faster than from the disk drive.
CD — Compact disc. CD drives use optical technology to read data from CDs.
cm — Centimeter(s).
cmos — Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor.
component — As they relate to DMI, components include operating systems,
computer systems, expansion cards, and peripherals that are compatible with DMI.
Each component is made up of groups and attributes that are defined as relevant to
that component.
COM — The device names for the serial ports on your system.
control panel — The part of the system that contains indicators and controls, such as
the power button and power indicator.
controller — A chip that controls the transfer of data between the processor and
memory or between the processor and a peripheral.
conventional memory — The first 640 KB of RAM. Conventional memory is found in
all systems. Unless they are specially designed, MS-DOS® programs are limited to
running in conventional memory.
coprocessor — A chip that relieves the system’s processor of specific processing tasks.
A math coprocessor, for example, handles numeric processing.
CPU — Central processing unit. See processor.
DC — Direct current.
144
Glossary
book.book Page 145 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
DDR — Double-data rate. A technology in memory modules that potentially doubles
the output.
device driver — A program that allows the operating system or some other program to
interface correctly with a peripheral. Some device drivers—such as network drivers—
must be loaded from the config.sys file or as memory-resident programs (usually, from
the autoexec.bat file). Others must load when you start the program for which they
were designed.
DHCP — Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A method of automatically
assigning an IP address to a client system.
diagnostics — A comprehensive set of tests for your system.
DIMM — Dual in-line memory module. See also memory module.
DIN — Deutsche Industrie Norm.
directory — Directories help keep related files organized on a disk in a hierarchical,
“inverted tree” structure. Each disk has a “root” directory. Additional directories that
branch off the root directory are called subdirectories. Subdirectories may contain
additional directories branching off them.
DMA — Direct memory access. A DMA channel allows certain types of data transfer
between RAM and a device to bypass the processor.
DMI — Desktop Management Interface. DMI enables the management of your
system’s software and hardware by collecting information about the system’s
components, such as the operating system, memory, peripherals, expansion cards, and
asset tag.
DNS — Domain Name System. A method of translating Internet domain names, such
as www.dell.com, into IP addresses, such as 143.166.83.200.
DRAM — Dynamic random-access memory. A system’s RAM is usually made up
entirely of DRAM chips.
DVD — Digital versatile disc.
ECC — Error checking and correction.
EEPROM — Electronically erasable programmable read-only memory.
EMC — Electromagnetic compatibility.
EMI — Electromagnetic interference.
ERA — Embedded remote access. ERA allows you to perform remote, or "out-ofband," server management on your network server using a remote access controller.
ESD — Electrostatic discharge.
ESM — Embedded server management.
Glossary
145
book.book Page 146 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
expansion bus — Your system contains an expansion bus that allows the processor to
communicate with controllers for peripherals, such as NICs.
expansion card — An add-in card, such as a NIC or SCSI adapter, that plugs into an
expansion-card connector on the system board. An expansion card adds some
specialized function to the system by providing an interface between the expansion
bus and a peripheral.
expansion-card connector — A connector on the system board or riser board for
plugging in an expansion card.
F — Fahrenheit.
FAT — File allocation table. The file system structure used by MS-DOS to organize
and keep track of file storage. The Microsoft® Windows® operating systems can
optionally use a FAT file system structure.
flash memory — A type of EEPROM chip that can be reprogrammed from a utility on
diskette while still installed in a system; most EEPROM chips can only be rewritten
with special programming equipment.
format — To prepare a hard drive or diskette for storing files. An unconditional format
deletes all data stored on the disk.
FSB — Front-side bus. The FSB is the data path and physical interface between the
processor and the main memory (RAM).
ft — Feet.
FTP — File transfer protocol.
g — Gram(s).
G — Gravities.
Gb — Gigabit(s); 1024 megabits or 1,073,741,824 bits.
GB — Gigabyte(s); 1024 megabytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes. However, when referring
to hard-drive capacity, the term is usually rounded to 1,000,000,000 bytes.
graphics mode — A video mode that can be defined as x horizontal by y vertical pixels
by z colors.
group — As it relates to DMI, a group is a data structure that defines common
information, or attributes, about a manageable component.
guarding — A type of data redundancy in which a set of physical drives stores data and
an additional drive stores parity data. See also mirroring, striping, and RAID.
h — Hexadecimal. A base-16 numbering system, often used in programming to
identify addresses in the system’s RAM and I/O memory addresses for devices. In text,
hexadecimal numbers are often followed by h.
146
Glossary
book.book Page 147 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
headless system — A system or device that functions without having a keyboard,
mouse, or monitor attached. Normally, headless systems are managed over a network
using an Internet browser.
host adapter — A host adapter implements communication between the system’s bus
and the controller for a peripheral device. (Hard-drive controller subsystems include
integrated host adapter circuitry.) To add a SCSI expansion bus to your system, you
must install or connect the appropriate host adapter.
Hz — Hertz.
I/O — Input/output. A keyboard is an input device, and a monitor is an output device.
In general, I/O activity can be differentiated from computational activity.
ID — Identification.
IDE — Integrated drive electronics. A standard interface between the system board
and storage devices.
integrated mirroring — Provides simultaneous physical mirroring of two drives.
Integrated mirroring functionality is provided by the system’s hardware. See also
mirroring.
internal processor cache — An instruction and data cache built into the processor.
IP — Internet Protocol.
IPX — Internet package exchange.
IRQ — Interrupt request. A signal that data is about to be sent to or received by a
peripheral device travels by an IRQ line to the processor. Each peripheral connection
must be assigned an IRQ number. Two devices can share the same IRQ assignment,
but you cannot operate both devices simultaneously.
jumper — Small blocks on a circuit board with two or more pins emerging from them.
Plastic plugs containing a wire fit down over the pins. The wire connects the pins and
creates a circuit, providing a simple and reversible method of changing the circuitry in
a board.
K — Kilo-; 1000.
Kb — Kilobit(s); 1024 bits.
KB — Kilobyte(s); 1024 bytes.
Kbps — Kilobit(s) per second.
KBps — Kilobyte(s) per second.
key combination — A command requiring you to press multiple keys at the same time
(for example, <Ctrl><Alt><Del>).
kg — Kilogram(s); 1000 grams.
Glossary
147
book.book Page 148 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
kHz — Kilohertz.
KMM — Keyboard/monitor/mouse.
KVM — Keyboard/video/mouse. KVM refers to a switch that allows selection of the
system from which the video is displayed and for which the keyboard and mouse are
used.
LAN — Local area network. A LAN is usually confined to the same building or a few
nearby buildings, with all equipment linked by wiring dedicated specifically to the
LAN.
lb — Pound(s).
LCD — Liquid crystal display.
LED — Light-emitting diode. An electronic device that lights up when a current is
passed through it.
Linux — An operating system similar to the UNIX® operating system that runs on a
variety of hardware systems. Linux is open source software, which is freely available;
however, the full distribution of Linux along with technical support and training are
available for a fee from vendors such as Red Hat® Software.
local bus — On a system with local-bus expansion capability, certain peripheral
devices (such as the video adapter circuitry) can be designed to run much faster than
they would with a traditional expansion bus. See also bus.
LVD — Low voltage differential.
m — Meter(s).
mA — Milliampere(s).
MAC address — Media Access Control address. Your system’s unique hardware
number on a network.
mAh — Milliampere-hour(s).
Mb — Megabit(s); 1,048,576 bits.
MB — Megabyte(s); 1,048,576 bytes. However, when referring to hard-drive capacity,
the term is often rounded to mean 1,000,000 bytes.
Mbps — Megabits per second.
MBps — Megabytes per second.
MBR — Master boot record.
memory address — A specific location, usually expressed as a hexadecimal number, in
the system’s RAM.
memory module — A small circuit board containing DRAM chips that connects to the
system board.
148
Glossary
book.book Page 149 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
memory — An area in your system that stores basic system data. A system can contain
several different forms of memory, such as integrated memory (ROM and RAM) and
add-in memory modules (DIMMs).
MHz — Megahertz.
mirroring — A type of data redundancy in which a set of physical drives stores data
and one or more sets of additional drives stores duplicate copies of the data. Mirroring
functionality is provided by software. See also guarding, integrated mirroring, striping,
and RAID.
mm — Millimeter(s).
ms — Millisecond(s).
MS-DOS® — Microsoft Disk Operating System.
NAS — Network Attached Storage. NAS is one of the concepts used for implementing
shared storage on a network. NAS systems have their own operating systems,
integrated hardware, and software that are optimized to serve specific storage needs.
NIC — Network interface controller. A device that is installed or integrated in a
system to allow connection to a network.
NMI — Nonmaskable interrupt. A device sends an NMI to signal the processor about
hardware errors.
ns — Nanosecond(s).
NTFS — The NT File System option in the Windows 2000 operating system.
NVRAM — Nonvolatile random-access memory. Memory that does not lose its
contents when you turn off your system. NVRAM is used for maintaining the date,
time, and system configuration information.
parity — Redundant information that is associated with a block of data.
partition — You can divide a hard drive into multiple physical sections called
partitions with the fdisk command. Each partition can contain multiple logical drives.
You must format each logical drive with the format command.
PCI — Peripheral Component Interconnect. A standard for local-bus
implementation.
PDU — Power distribution unit. A power source with multiple power outlets that
provides electrical power to servers and storage systems in a rack.
peripheral — An internal or external device, such as a diskette drive or keyboard,
connected to a system.
PGA — Pin grid array. A type of processor socket that allows you to remove the
processor chip.
Glossary
149
book.book Page 150 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
pixel — A single point on a video display. Pixels are arranged in rows and columns to
create an image. A video resolution, such as 640 x 480, is expressed as the number of
pixels across by the number of pixels up and down.
POST — Power-on self-test. Before the operating system loads when you turn on your
system, the POST tests various system components such as RAM and hard drives.
processor — The primary computational chip inside the system that controls the
interpretation and execution of arithmetic and logic functions. Software written for
one processor must usually be revised to run on another processor. CPU is a synonym
for processor.
protected mode — An operating mode that allows operating systems to implement:
• A memory address space of 16 MB to 4 GB
• Multitasking
• Virtual memory, a method for increasing addressable memory by using the hard drive
The Windows 2000 and UNIX 32-bit operating systems run in protected mode.
MS-DOS cannot run in protected mode.
PS/2 — Personal System/2.
PXE — Preboot eXecution Environment. A way of booting a system via a LAN
(without a hard drive or bootable diskette).
RAC — Remote access controller.
RAID — Redundant array of independent disks. A method of providing data
redundancy. Some common implementations of RAID include RAID 0, RAID 1,
RAID 5, RAID 10, and RAID 50. See also guarding, mirroring, and striping.
RAM — Random-access memory. The system’s primary temporary storage area for
program instructions and data. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you turn
off your system.
RAS — Remote Access Service. This service allows users running the Windows
operating system to remotely access a network from their system using a modem.
readme file — A text file, usually shipped with software or hardware, that contains
information supplementing or updating the product’s documentation.
read-only file — A read-only file is one that you are prohibited from editing or
deleting.
ROM — Read-only memory. Your system contains some programs essential to its
operation in ROM code. A ROM chip retains its contents even after you turn off your
system. Examples of code in ROM include the program that initiates your system’s
boot routine and the POST.
ROMB — RAID on motherboard.
150
Glossary
book.book Page 151 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
rpm — Revolutions per minute.
RTC — Real-time clock.
SAS — Serial-attached SCSI.
SATA — Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. A standard interface between the
system board and storage devices.
SCSI — Small computer system interface. An I/O bus interface with faster data
transmission rates than standard ports.
SDRAM — Synchronous dynamic random-access memory.
sec — Second(s).
serial port — An I/O port used most often to connect a modem to your system. You
can usually identify a serial port on your system by its 9-pin connector.
service tag — A bar code label on the system used to identify it when you call Dell for
technical support.
simple disk volume — The volume of free space on a single dynamic, physical disk.
SMART — Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology. Allows hard drives to
report errors and failures to the system BIOS and then display an error message on the
screen.
SMP — Symmetric multiprocessing. Used to describe a system that has two or more
processors connected via a high-bandwidth link and managed by an operating system,
where each processor has equal access to I/O devices.
SNMP — Simple Network Management Protocol. A standard interface that allows a
network manager to remotely monitor and manage workstations.
spanning — Spanning, or concatenating, disk volumes combines unallocated space
from multiple disks into one logical volume, allowing more efficient use of all the
space and all drive letters on a multiple-disk system.
striping — Disk striping writes data across three or more disks in an array, but only
uses a portion of the space on each disk. The amount of space used by a "stripe" is the
same on each disk used. A virtual disk may use several stripes on the same set of disks
in an array. See also guarding, mirroring, and RAID.
SVGA — Super video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video
adapters with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
system board — As the main circuit board, the system board usually contains most of
your system’s integral components, such as the processor, RAM, controllers for
peripherals, and various ROM chips.
system configuration information — Data stored in memory that tells a system what
hardware is installed and how the system should be configured for operation.
Glossary
151
book.book Page 152 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
system diskette — See bootable diskette.
system memory — See RAM.
System Setup program — A BIOS-based program that allows you to configure your
system’s hardware and customize the system’s operation by setting features such as
password protection. Because the System Setup program is stored in NVRAM, any
settings remain in effect until you change them again.
system.ini file — A start-up file for the Windows operating system. When you start
Windows, it consults the system.ini file to determine a variety of options for the
Windows operating environment. Among other things, the system.ini file records
which video, mouse, and keyboard drivers are installed for Windows.
TCP/IP — Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
termination — Some devices (such as the last device at each end of a SCSI cable)
must be terminated to prevent reflections and spurious signals in the cable. When
such devices are connected in a series, you may need to enable or disable the
termination on these devices by changing jumper or switch settings on the devices or
by changing settings in the configuration software for the devices.
TOE — TCP/IP offload engine.
UNIX — Universal Internet Exchange. UNIX, the precursor to Linux, is an operating
system written in the C programming language.
uplink port — A port on a network hub or switch used to connect to other hubs or
switches without requiring a crossover cable.
UPS — Uninterruptible power supply. A battery-powered unit that automatically
supplies power to your system in the event of an electrical failure.
USB — Universal Serial Bus. A USB connector provides a single connection point for
multiple USB-compliant devices, such as mice and keyboards. USB devices can be
connected and disconnected while the system is running.
utility — A program used to manage system resources—memory, disk drives, or
printers, for example.
UTP — Unshielded twisted pair. A type of wiring used to connect systems in a
business or home to a telephone line.
V — Volt(s).
VAC — Volt(s) alternating current.
VDC — Volt(s) direct current.
VGA — Video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video adapters
with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
152
Glossary
book.book Page 153 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
video adapter — The logical circuitry that provides (in combination with the monitor)
your system’s video capabilities. A video adapter may be integrated into the system
board or may be an expansion card that plugs into an expansion slot.
video driver — A program that allows graphics-mode application programs and
operating systems to display at a chosen resolution with the desired number of colors.
Video drivers may need to match the video adapter installed in the system.
video memory — Most VGA and SVGA video adapters include memory chips in
addition to your system’s RAM. The amount of video memory installed primarily
influences the number of colors that a program can display (with the appropriate video
drivers and monitor capabilities).
video resolution — Video resolution (800 x 600, for example) is expressed as the
number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down. To display a program at
a specific graphics resolution, you must install the appropriate video drivers and your
monitor must support the resolution.
W — Watt(s).
WH — Watt-hour(s).
win.ini file — A start-up file for the Windows operating system. When you start
Windows, it consults the win.ini file to determine a variety of options for the
Windows operating environment. The win.ini file also usually includes sections that
contain optional settings for Windows application programs that are installed on the
hard drive.
Windows 2000 — An integrated and complete Microsoft Windows operating system
that does not require MS-DOS and that provides advanced operating system
performance, improved ease of use, enhanced workgroup functionality, and simplified
file management and browsing.
Windows Powered — A Windows operating system designed for use on NAS systems.
For NAS systems, the Windows Powered operating system is dedicated to file service
for network clients.
Windows Server 2003 — A set of Microsoft software technologies that enable software
integration through the use of XML Web services. XML Web services are small
reusable applications written in XML that allow data to be communicated between
otherwise unconnected sources.
XML — Extensible Markup Language. XML is a way to create common information
formats and to share both the format and the data on the World Wide Web, intranets,
and elsewhere.
ZIF — Zero insertion force.
Glossary
153
book.book Page 154 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
154
Glossary
book.book Page 155 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
Index
Numerics
C
3.5-inch drive
installing, 52
removing, 52
cable clip, 93
5.25-inch drive
installing, 60
removing, 60
CD/DVD drive
installing, 60
removing, 57
troubleshooting, 122
A
chassis intrusion switch
installing, 95
removing, 94
replacing, 95
alert messages, 27
checking equipment, 106
assigning passwords, 39
closing the system, 47
connecting external devices, 14
B
battery
installing, 89
removing, 90
troubleshooting, 114
bezel
installing, 97
removing, 96
replacing, 97
bezel (front drive)
insert, 50
removing, 49
replacing, 49
connectors, 137
back-panel, 13
front-panel, 11
NICs, 13
serial port, 13
USB, 11, 13
video, 13
Console Redirection screen, 36
contacting Dell, 141
cooling fans
installing, 87
removing, 84
replacing, 87
troubleshooting, 117
CPU Information screen, 33
Index
155
book.book Page 156 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
D
F
damaged systems
troubleshooting, 114
features
back-panel, 13
front-panel, 11
Dell
contacting, 141
diagnostics
advanced testing options, 133
testing options, 132
when to use, 132
DIMM
sockets, 76
diskette drive
installing, 54
removing, 52
replacing, 54
troubleshooting, 120
drive
removing, 57
DVD drive. See CD/DVD drive.
E
error messages, 29
expansion cards, 70
installing, 73
removing, 70
replacing, 73
troubleshooting, 127
external devices
connecting, 14
156
Index
H
hard drive
installing, 66
removing, 64
troubleshooting, 124
I
I/O panel
installing, 99
replacing, 99
indicators
back-panel, 13
front-panel, 11
NIC, 14
insert on front drive bezel
removing, 50
replacing, 50
installing
3.5-inch drive, 52
5.25-inch drive, 60
bezel, 97
CD/DVD drive, 60
chassis intrusion switch, 95
cooling fans, 87
diskette drive, 54
expansion cards, 73
book.book Page 157 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
hard drive, 66
I/O panel, 99
memory, 78
optical drive, 60
power supply, 94
processor, 83
system battery, 89
system board, 103
tape drive, 60
Integrated Devices screen, 35
J
error messages, 29
system, 18
warning, 27
microprocessor
removing, 81
replacing, 83
troubleshooting, 129
mouse
troubleshooting, 107
N
jumpers, 135
navigation keys
system setup program, 30
K
NICs
connectors, 13
indicators, 14
troubleshooting, 112
keyboard
troubleshooting, 107
M
O
opening the system, 47
memory
4-GB configurations, 77
branches, 76
channels, 76
installing, 78
removing, 78
replacing, 78
troubleshooting, 118
upgrade kits, 76
optical drive
installing, 60
removing, 57
messages
alert, 27
phone numbers, 141
P
password
disabling, 139
POST
Index
157
book.book Page 158 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
bezel, 97
chassis intrusion switch, 95
cooling fans, 87
diskette drive, 54
expansion cards, 73
front drive bezel, 49
I/O panel, 99
memory, 78
power supply, 94
processor, 83
system board, 103
accessing system features, 10
power supply
installing, 94
removing, 92
replacing, 94
troubleshooting, 115
processor
installing, 83
removing, 81
replacing, 83
troubleshooting, 129
S
R
recommended tools, 45
removing
3.5-inch drive, 52
5.25-inch drive, 60
bezel, 96
CD/DVD drive, 57
chassis intrusion switch, 94
cooling fans, 84
diskette drive, 52
expansion cards, 70
front drive bezel, 49
hard drive, 64
memory, 78
optical drive, 57
power supply, 92
processor, 81
system battery, 90
system board, 102
tape drive, 57
replacing
158
Index
safety, 105
SAS controller card
installing, 74
troubleshooting, 125
SAS hard drive. See hard drive.
SATA hard drive. See hard drive.
securing your system, 40
serial port
connector, 13
setup password
assigning, 42
changing, 43
features, 38
working with, 42
startup
accessing system features, 10
support
contacting Dell, 141
book.book Page 159 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
system
closing, 47
opening, 47
system battery
removing, 90
system board
connectors, 137
installing, 103
jumpers, 135
removing, 102
replacing, 103
system cooling
troubleshooting, 116
system features
accessing, 10
system messages, 18
system password
assigning, 39
changing, 41
deleting, 41
features, 38
System Security screen, 36
system setup program
Console Redirection screen, 36
CPU Information screen, 33
entering, 29
Integrated Devices screen, 35
main screen, 30
navigation keys, 30
System Security screen, 36
T
tape drive
removing, 57
troubleshooting, 123
tapedrive
installing, 60
telephone numbers, 141
troubleshooting
CD/DVD drive, 122
cooling fans, 117
damaged system, 114
diskette drive, 120
expansion cards, 127
external connections, 106
hard drive, 124
keyboard, 107
memory, 118
microprocessor, 129
mouse, 107
NIC, 112
power supply, 115
SAS controller card, 125
start-up routine, 105
system battery, 114
system cooling, 116
tape drive, 123
USB device, 110
video, 106
wet system, 113
U
upgrade kits
memory, 76
Index
159
book.book Page 160 Wednesday, June 24, 2009 8:21 AM
USB device
connectors (back panel), 13
connectors (front panel), 11
troubleshooting, 110
V
video
connector, 13
troubleshooting, 106
W
warning messages, 27
warranty, 9
wet system
troubleshooting, 113
160
Index