User’s
Manual
nVIDIA nForce3 250 mainboard for AMD
Socket 754 based Athlon 64 processor
TRADEMARK
All products and company names are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
60000028K3I20
Manual Revision 2.0
August 26, 2004
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE
DESCRIPTION ON THE FACE OF THE MANUFACTURER LIMITED
WARRANTY. THE MANUFACTURER EXPRESSLY EXCLUDES ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, REGARDING ITS
PRODUCTS; INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR
NONINFRINGEMENT. THIS DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES SHALL
APPLY TO THE EXTENT ALLOWED UNDER LOCAL LAWS IN THE
COUNTRY PURCHASED IN WHICH LOCAL LAWS DO NOT ALLOW OR
LIMIT THE EXCLUSION OF THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES.
ii
80 Port Frequently Asked Questions
Below is a list of some basic POST Codes, possible problems and solutions. For
more detailed information about POST Codes, refer to Appendix C in this manual.
P O ST C O D E
P r o bl e m
So l uti o n
FFh o r CFh
1 .B IO S c hip inse rte d
1 . Re inse rt the B IO S
inc o rre c tly
c hip
2 . Inc o rre c t BIO S update
ve rsio n
3 . M ainbo ard pro ble m
4 . Add-o n c ard inse rte d
inc o rre c tly.
2 . D o wnlo ad the c o rre c t
BIO S ve rsio n update
fro m the m anufac ture r's
We b site .
3 . Re plac e m ainbo ard
4 . Re m o ve and re plac e the
add-o n c ard
C1 h - C5 h
1 . M e m o ry m o dule
1 . Re inse rt m e m o ry
inse rte d inc o rre c tly
2 . M e m o ry c o m patibility
m o dule
2 . Re plac e m e m o ry
pro ble m
2Dh
with c o rre c t type
3 . M e m o ry m o dule
dam age d
3 . Re plac e m e m o ry
m o dule
1 . Erro r o c c ure d in VG A
1 . Re plac e VG A c ard
BIO S
2 . VG A c ard inse rte d
2 . Re inse rt the VG A
c ard
inc o rre c tly
26h
O ve rc lo c k e rro r
Cle ar CM O S o r pre ss the inse rt
ke y to po we r o n the syste m
07h - 12h
1 . Initial
Init keKeyboard
ybo ard
c o ntro lle r e rro r
1 . Ensure that the ke ybo ard and
2 . RTC e rro r
c o rre c tly.
2 . Re plac e the RTC batte ry.
m o use are c o nne c te d
iii
Table of Contents
Page
Section 1
Introduction
Package Contents ...................................................... 1- 1
Mainboard Features ................................................... 1- 2
System Block Diagram ............................................... 1- 5
Section 2
Specification
Mainboard Specification ............................................ 2- 1
Section 3
Installation
Mainboard Layout ..................................................... 3- 1
Easy Installation Procedure ....................................... 3- 2
CPU Insertion ............................................................. 3- 2
Jumper Settings .......................................................... 3- 5
System Memory Configuration .................................. 3- 6
Expansion Slots .......................................................... 3- 7
Device Connectors..................................................... 3- 8
Power-On/Off (Remote) .............................................. 3- 14
External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Function (KBPO) ..................... 3- 14
STR (Suspend To RAM) Function ............................ 3- 15
CPU Overheating Protection ...................................... 3- 16
Section 4
BIOS Setup
Main Menu ................................................................ 4- 1
Standard CMOS Setup ............................................... 4- 2
Advanced BIOS Features .......................................... 4- 3
Advanced Chipset Features ...................................... 4- 5
Integrated Peripherals ................................................ 4- 7
Power Management Setup ......................................... 4- 12
iv
PNP/PCI Configuration .............................................. 4- 14
PC Health Status ........................................................ 4- 15
Power BIOS Features ................................................. 4- 17
Defaults Menu ........................................................... 4- 19
Supervisor/User Password Setting ............................ 4- 20
Exit Selecting .............................................................. 4- 21
Section 5
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Introduction ............................................................... 5- 1
NVidia SATA RAID Features ....................................... 5- 3
Enable RAID Function ............................................... 5- 4
Section 6
Driver Installation
Easy Driver Installation .............................................. 6- 1
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User guide ................ 6- 2
Appendix
Appendix A
Update Your System BIOS ......................................... A- 1
Appendix B
NVidia RAID BIOS Utility ............................................ B- 1
Appendix C
POST Codes ............................................................... C- 1
v
Page Left Blank
vi
Introduction
Section 1
INTRODUCTION
1-1 Package Contents
Contents
Optional Items
A. Mainboard
H. Game & COM bracket cable
B. User’s manual
I. Extra USB2.0 port cable
C. Floppy drive cable
J. S/PDIF Module
D. HDD drive cable
If you need the optional item, please
contact your dealer for assistance.
E. CD (drivers and utilities)
F. I/O Shield
G. S-ATA data and power cable
E
USER’S
MANUAL
C
G
D
F
B
A
H
I
J
Page 1-1
Introduction
1-2 Mainboard Features
Brief Introduction
AthlonTM 64 Processor
The AMD AthlonTM 64 processor family is designed to support performance
desktop. It provides a high performance HyperTransportTM link to I/O, as well
as a single 64-bit high-performance DDR memory controller.
For more information about all the new features AthlonTM 64 Processor deliver, check out
the AMD website at http://www.amd.com
Chipset
The board is designed with NVIDIA nForce3 250 MCP (Media Communications
Processor) chipset, the single-chip 64-bit NVIDIA nForce3 architecture provides
an inherent performance advantage over dual-chip implementations of the same
functionality. Besides reducing overall latency, the NVIDIA nForce3 MCPs
significantly boost device throughput. An extremely fast dedicated
HyperTransport link lets the NVIDIA nForce3 MCPs communicate with the CPU
at up to 6.4GB/sec., a speed that ensures ample bandwidth for future integrated
support for AGP, PCI, and other devices. This is especially beneficial for
avoiding bottlenecks when multiple devices are active, or for supporting highbandwidth devices.
For more details about the NVIDIA nForce3 MCPs, please visit the NVIDIA Web
site at http://www.nvidia.com.
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
The AGP slot on the board is compliant with the new AGP 3.0 specification. This
new specification enhances the functionality of the original AGP specification
by allowing 8X data transfers ( 8 data samples per clock) resulting in maximum
bandwidth of 2.1GB/s. Only 1.5V AGP cards are supported.
Ultra ATA100/133
The mainboard provides an Ultra ATA100/133 Bus Master IDE controller. This
controller supports Ultra ATA100/133 protocols which are ideal to support
demanding applications such as real-time video, multimedia, and a high performance operating system. A new IDE cable is required for Ultra ATA100/133.
Page 1-2
Introduction
Hardware Monitoring
Hardware monitoring enables you to monitor various aspects of the system
operation and status. This includes CPU temperature, voltage and fan speed in
RPMs.
10/100 LAN
This mainboard is mounted with an ethernet LAN PHY. It allows the mainboard to
connect to a local area network by means of a network hub.
Serial ATA
Support Serial ATA, an evolutionary replacement for Parallel ATA IDE storage
interface .Increases the peak data transfer speed up to 150MB/sec and allows
future enhancements to the computing platform.
USB2.0
A popular USB standard for plugging in peripherals with up to 480Mbps transfer
speed while maintaining backward compatibility with older USB1.1 device.
6ch
Delivers 6 channel audio to bring you the latest in audio realism from DVD
movies and games. Perfect for your home theatre system.
Page 1-3
Introduction
Special Features
&
Cool ‘n’Quiet Technology
Reduce the noise and heat from your PC when AMD Cool’n’QuietTM Technology
is enabled.
&
80 Port
An onboard LED-display trouble-shooting device, facilitating user to detect
boot-up problems.
&
QuickSPDIF
On board SPDIF-out connector for quick connection to multi-channel speakers.
Not only removes cable cluttering but also delivers loss-free digital audio to let
you enjoy DVD movies and games with crystal clear sound.
&
Magic Health
Reports your system hardware status for every boot-up to help detect faults
early. Monitor hardware status including CPU temperature, CPU/Memory/AGP
voltage, fan RPM speed for chassis fan, CPU fan & Power supply fan.
&
EZ-Boot
Simply press “ESC” to select your bootable device. No more hassle to search the
BIOS menu, change and re-start.
&
PowerBIOS
Supporting a full range of overclocking setting via BIOS. Various adjustable
feature include FSB/AGP/Memory voltage tweaking.
Page 1-4
Introduction
1-3 System Block Diagram
Page 1-5
Introduction
Page 1-6
Specification
Section 2
SPECIFICATION
Mainboard Specification
Processor
Š Supports 754-pin Socket for AMD Athlon 64 processors with 1.6GTs Hyper
Transport FSB up to 3700+
Chipset
Š nVidia nForce3 250 Chipset
Main Memory
Š Three 184-pin DDR DIMM sockets for 64-bit, Unbuffered, Single/Doubleside and DDR-266/333/400 DIMMs
Š Supports up to 3GB memory size
BIOS
Š Flash EEPROM with Award BIOS
- ACPI v2.0 compliant
- S3 (Suspend to DRAM) sleep-state support
- SMBIOS (System Management BIOS) v2.2 compliant
- Supports Power failure recovery
- Able to wake the computer from specific states by LAN, Power switch,
PME#, RTC alarm, USB, PS2 K/B, PS2 Mouse, Modem Ring-in COM#1…
Onboard PCI Devices
Š LAN -->
Embedded 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet controller with onboard
Realtek RTL8201BL PHY
Legacy IO Controller
Š Winbond W83627THF LPC IO controller with keyboard, mouse, floppy,
printer, game, serial and SIR interface
Š Supports Hardware Monitoring function
Š Intelligent CPU fan speed control to lower system noise
Page 2-1
Specification
Audio
Š Six channel audio with analog and digital output using Realtek ALC655
AC’97 CODEC
- AC’97 v2.3 compliant
- Supports CD-In, Aux-In and S/PDIF-in/out interface
- Supports Line-out and Mic-In for front panel
- Supports automatic “jack-sensing”
- Rear panel audio jacks configuration:
Audio Jack Color
2 ch an n el
6 ch an n el
Light Blue
Line-in
Rear stereo-out
Lime
Line-out
Front stereo-out
Pink
Mic-in
Center&Subwoofer
Peripheral Interfaces
) At Rear Panel
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports
One Parallel (printer) port
One S/PDIF-Out Coaxial jack
One Serial port
One RJ45 LAN connector
Four USB2.0 ports
Three Audio jacks
) Onboard connector and pin-header
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Page 2-2
One floppy drive connector
Two ATA-133 IDE connectors
Four extra USB2.0 ports
One CD-IN and One AUX-IN connector
One S/PDIF in/out connector
One IR connector
One Game port connector
One Serial Port (COM2) connector
Two S-ATA connectors
Three Fan connectors
Specification
Front Panel Controller
Š Supports Reset & Soft-Off switches
Š Supports HDD & Power LEDs
Š Supports PC speaker
Š Supports Front Panel Audio connector
Expansion Slots
Š One AGP slot supporting 1.5v 4X/8X AGP card
- AGP v3.0 compliant
Š Six PCI slots with Bus Master support
- PCI v2.2 compliant
Other Features
Š Magic Health – A quick “dashboard” display at POST to show hardware
status. Helps to detect faults early
Š EZ Boot – An easy way let end-user can choose to boot from hard drive,
CD-ROM, floppy, …
Š KBPO – Keyboard power on, turn on the computer from keyboard
Š Supports “Cool’n’ Quiet” power saving technology
Š PowerBIOS for excellent Overclocking capabilities through
- subtle voltage tuning for CPU, Memory, AGP
- subtle frequency tuning on FSB with 1MHz increment
- Supports complete Asynchronous FSB/Memory and Asynchronous FSB/
AGP, PCI scheme for overclocking
Š CPU Overheating Protection
Š P80P for system debugging
Form Factor
Š 305mm x 245 mm ATX size
Page 2-3
Specification
Page 2-4
Installation
Section 3
INSTALLATION
Mainboard Layout
Page 3-1
Installation
Easy Installation Procedure
The following must be completed before powering on your new system:
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
CPU Installation
Jumper Settings
System Memory Configuration
Expansion Slots
Device Connectors
3-1 CPU Installation
<Figure 1>
<Figure 2>
Step 1
Step 2
Place the back plate into the two holes
around the CPU area behind the mainboard.
Place the retention mechanism on the
mainboard as shown.
<Figure 3>
Step 3
Screw in the two pan head screws.
Page 3-2
<Figure 4>
Step 4
Open the socket by raising the actuation
lever.
Installation
<Figure 6>
<Figure 5>
Step 5
Step 6
Align pin 1 on the CPU with pin 1 on
the CPU socket as shown in the
illustration above. The CPU is keyed to
prevent incorrect insertion. Do not force
the processor into the socket. If it does
not go in easily, check for mis-orientation and reinsert the CPU.
Make sure the processor is fully
inserted into the socket.
Close the socket by lowering and
locking the actuation lever.
<Figure 7>
<Figure 8>
Step 7
Step 8
Apply thermal compound to the top of
the CPU and install the heatsink as
shown.
Press the clips in the direction of the
arrows shown in Figure 8 to secure the
assembly to the CPU socket.
Page 3-3
Installation
<Figure 9>
Step 9
Plug the CPU fan power into the mainboard’s
CPU fan connector.
The installation is complete.
Note: Thermal compound and qualified heatsink recommended by AMD are
a must to avoid CPU overheat damage.
Page 3-4
Installation
3-2 Jumper Settings
JCMOS: Clear CMOS data Jumper
If the CMOS data becomes corrupted or
you forgot the supervisor or user
password, clear the CMOS data to
reconfigure the system back to the
default values stored in the ROM BIOS.
1
Settings:
1-2: Normal (Default)
2-3: Clear CMOS
To CMOS Clear data, please follow the steps below.
1. Turn off the system.
2. Change the jumper from “1-2” to “2-3” position for
a few seconds.
3. Replace the jumper back to the “1-2” position.
4. Turn on the system and hold down the <Del> key
to enter BIOS setup.
Page 3-5
Installation
3-3 System Memory Configuration
Memory Layout
The mainboard accommodates three PC2100/PC2700/PC3200 184-pin DIMMs (Dual
In-line Memory Modules):
•
Supports up to 3.0GB of 266/333/400MHz DDR SDRAM.
•
Supports unbuffered DIMM configurations defined in JEDEC DDR DIMM
specification.
DDR DIMM 1
DDR DIMM 2
DDR DIMM 3
Follow the recommendation below for maximum memory performance :
Slot No
DDR400
3 DIMMs
2 DIMMs
DIMM#1
SS
SS
DIMM#2
SS
DS
DIMM#3
SS
SS
DS
1 DIMM
DS
DS/SS
SS
DS
DS/SS
SS
DS/SS
* DS - Double-sided DIMM type
* SS - Single-sided DIMM type
For 1 DIMM:
- Mount on any slot to obtain DDR400 speed.
For 2 DIMM:
- Mount DS DIMM on Slot 1 and the remaining DIMM on Slot 2 or 3
with SS DIMM.
- Mount SS DIMM on Slot 1 and the remaining DIMM on Slot 2 or 3
with DS DIMM.
For 3 DIMM:
- Use SS DIMM on all 3 three slots for DDR400 speed.
NOTES:
• Using non-compliant memory with higher bus speeds (overclocking)
may severely compromise the integrity of the system.
Page 3-6
Installation
3-4 Expansion Slots
AGP Slot
The mainboard is equipped with an AGP
slot. Make sure you install a card that
supports the 1.5V specification.
AGP Slot
PCI Slots
The mainboard is equipped with 6 PCI
slots.
PCI Slots
AGP Card Installation Caution
When installing the AGP card make sure the AGP card edge
connector is inserted fully into the slot and the slot clicker is locked.
Page 3-7
Installation
3-5 Device Connectors
The I/O back panel for this mainboard is shown below. When installing the
mainboard into the computer case, use the bundled I/O shield to protect this back
panel.
RJ45
LAN
Parallel Port
Line-in/Rear out (Blue)
PS/2
Mouse
PS/2
Keyboard
Line-out/Front out (Green)
Mic-in/Center&Subwoofer (Pink)
S/PDIF-out
Coaxial Jack
COM1
USB2.0 x 4 ports
Figure 10 - I/O Ports
JCPU_FAN / JPWR_FAN / JSYS_FAN:
JPWR_FAN
CPU/Power/Chassis Fan Power Connectors
JCPU_FAN: The CPU must be kept cool by using a
heatsink with fan assembly.
JCPU_FAN
JPWR_FAN: If you are installing an additional fan
in the unit, connect to this fan
connector.
JSYS_FAN
JSYS_FAN: The chassis fan will provide adequate
airflow throughout the chassis to
prevent overheating the CPU.
JCPU_FAN
Ground
+12V
Sense
JPWR_FAN
JSYS_FAN
Sense
Sense Ground
+12V
+12V
Ground
This mainboard is equipped with intelligent fan
speed control. Refer to the PC Health Status
submenu of the BIOS.
Page 3-8
Installation
FDD:
Floppy Controller Connector
This connects to the floppy disk drive.
IDE1/IDE2:Ultra DMA-100/133 Primary/Secondary
IDE Connector
IDE1
IDE2
This mainboard is equipped with 2 IDE connectors
to support up to 4 ATA-100/133 IDE drives.
It supports PIO and DMA mode operations for
maximum data transfer rate of 133MB/sec per channel.
FDD
34
33
40
When using two IDE drives, one must be set to
39
Master mode and the other to Slave mode. Refer to
your disk drive user’s manual for information about
selecting the proper drive switch settings.
1
2
FDD
2
1
IDE1/IDE2
PW1: 20-pin ATX Power Connector
PW12: 4-pin ATX12V Power Connector
PW12
PW1
The mainboard is equipped with a standard 20-pin
ATX main power connector and a 4-pin +12V
power connector for connecting an ATX12V
power supply. The plugs of the power cables are
designed to fit in only one orientation. Insert the
plugs into the connectors until they fit in place.
10 20
+12V
+5V
5VSB
3
+12V
-5V
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
+5V
PS-ON
Ground
3.3V
Ground
-12V
+12V
Ground
+5V
PW-OK
Ground
+5V
4
1 2
PW12
Caution:
The PW1 and PW12 Power Connector must be used simultaneously
or else this system will not boot-up.
3.3V
3.3V
1 11
PW1
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power
supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount
of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may
exceed this minimum power requirement. To ensure
that adequate power, use a 300 Watt or greater power
supply.
Page 3-9
Installation
CFPA: Front Panel Audio Connector
When the jumpers are removed this connector can
be used for front panel audio. The front panel
phone jack should have “normal close” switch.
Without phone plug inserted, the rear panel audio is
enabled. With phone plug inserted, the rear panel
audio will be disabled.
MIC_In
1
2
GND
+5V
NC
Front Line-out-R
Rear Line-out-FR
Key
Rear Line-out-FL
Front Line-out-L
9
10
Settings
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Short (default): Only the onboard rear
panel audio jack can be used.
Pins (5-6) & (9-10) Open: Only front panel audio jack can
be used.
In 2-Channel audio mode, Mic-In is shared for both front panel and rear panel.
In 6-Channel audio mode, the Mic-In is dedicated for front panel use, and rear
panel Mic-In function will switch to Center and Subwoofer support.
CD-IN/AUX-IN: CD Audio_IN Connector
The CD-IN and AUX-IN connectors are used to
receive audio form a CD-ROM drive, TV tuner or
MPEG card.
CD-IN
AUX_IN_Right
GND
CD_Reference
1
Page 3-10
AUX-IN
CD_IN_Right
AUX-IN
CD-IN
CD_IN_Left
1
AUX_IN_Left
Installation
SPDIF: Sony/Philips Digital InterFace connector
This connector links digital audio between the
mainboard and your audio devices, such as CD
player, sampler or DAT recorder. It allows the
digital transmission of audio data in S/PDIF format.
SPDIF_IN VCC
5
1
6
2
NC
GND SPDIF_OUT
GAME1: Game/MIDI connector
This port works well with any application that is
compatible with the standard PC joystick.
J1CY
J1CX
J1B1
J1B2
GND
+5V
+5V
1
15
2
16
J2CX +5V
MIDI_In
J2B2
J2B1
J2CY MIDI_Out
COM2: Serial Port Connector
The serial port can be used with modems, serial
printers, remote display terminals, and other serial
device.
RTS RI
DSR CTS
2
1
10
9
DCD TXD Ground
RXD DTR
Page 3-11
Installation
SATA1 / SATA2: Serial ATA Connectors
These connectors enable you to connect Serial
ATA devices that conform to the Serial ATA
specification.
SATA1 SATA2
1
GND B+ BA- A+ GND
GND
LED: 80 Port Debug LED
Provides two-digit POST code to show why the
system fail to boot. Allows quick and easy
optimization.
80 Port Debug 7-segment LED display
(Refer to Appendix C for POST codes)
CUSB3/CUSB4: Four USB 2.0 ports
This mainboard includes 2 additional USB2.0 ports,
identified by two 10-pin connector.
If you wish to use the additional USB ports, install
the card-edge bracket to the system chassis then
insert its cables to this 10-pin connector.
CUSB3 CUSB4
CAUTION !
Please make sure the USB cable has the same pin assignment. A different pin assignment
may cause damage to the system. If you need the USB cable, please contact our retailer.
Page 3-12
Installation
CFP: Front Panel Connector
Š HD_LED
This LED will light up whenever the hard drive
is being accessed.
Š PWR_LED
This connects to the power button of the
system chassis
CFP
Š RST
This switch allows you to reboot without
having to power off the system thus prolonging
the life of the power supply or system.
Š PW_ON
This is connected to the power button on the
case. To use the Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
feature, refer to the Power Management Setup
in the BIOS setup section of this manual.
CIR
CIR: IR connector
Connect the IrDA cable (if available) to this IR
connector.
CSPK
CSPK: Speaker
Connect to the system’s speaker for beeping
Page 3-13
Installation
3-6 Power-On/Off (Remote)
This board has a 24-pin ATX and a 4-pin ATX12V power supply connector to support
power supplies with Remote On/Off feature. The 4-pin ATX12V connector must be
plugged in for the system to operate safely. The chassis power button should be
connected to the mainboard front panel PW_ON header (Figure 11).
You can turn off the system in two ways: by pressing the front panel power On/Off
button or using the "Soft Off" function that can be controlled by an operating
system such as Windows®XP/ME/2000/98.
Note:
For maintaining the DDR SDRAM power during STR (ACPI S3) function, it is strongly
recommended to use power supplies that have a +5VSB current of (>=) 2A. Please check the
5VSB’s specification printed on the power supply’s outer case.
Note:
The board requires a minimum of 250 Watt power supply to operate. Your system configuration (amount of memory, add-in cards, peripherals, etc.) may exceed this minimum power
requirement. To ensure that adequate power, use a 300 Watt (or higher) power supply.
12V 4-pin
20-pin
PW-ON
Case (chassis) Power ON/OFF button (PW-ON)
Figure 11: Simple ATX power ON/OFF controller
3-7 External Modem Ring-in Power ON and
Keyboard Power ON Functions (KBPO)
Modem-Ring Power ON Function
The mainboard supports External Modem Ring-in Power ON function. Once you connect
an external modem to COM port, you can turn on the system through remote and host
dial-up control.
Keyboard Power ON Function
The mainboard features a keyboard power on function to turn on the power supply
using a keypress. Refer to the Power Management Setup in the BIOS setup section
for details. To enable this feature, the BIOS default setting is Keyboard Hot Key
(<Ctrl> + <F1>). To power off the system, use the Soft-OFF function under Windows
XP/ME/2000/98. (refer to Windows online help).
Page 3-14
Installation
3-8 ACPI S3 (Suspend To RAM) Function
This mainboard supports the STR (Suspend To RAM) power management
scheme by maintaining the appropriate power states in the DDR SDRAM
interface signals. The power source to the DDR SDRAM is kept active during
STR (ACPI S3). Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI) provides many
Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support Instant ON and
QuickStartTM function.
1. To enable STR functionality to save system power :
a. Install ACPI certified add-on cards (such as AGP, LAN, and modem cards).
b. In BIOS, under Power Management Setup (refer to Section 4), select “ACPI
Suspend Type: S3(STR)”. If you have a USB mouse or keyboard, set “USB
Wake-Up from S3” to “Enabled”.
c. When in Windows, open the Control Panel Power Management application,
and click the Advanced tab. In the Power buttons section, select “Stand By”
from the drop-down lists.
2. To activate the STR function:
a. Click the START button and choose Shut Down.
b. In the Shut Down Windows dialog box, select the Stand By option to enter
STR mode.
The following are the differences between STR power saving mode and Suspend (Power On Suspend) mode:
a. STR is the most advanced Power Management mode.
b. STR cuts all the power supplied to peripherals except to memory - max. power
saving.
c. STR saves and keeps all on-screen data including any executed applications
to DDR SDRAM.
d. In STR mode, you must push the power button (connected to the onboard PWOn of CFP pin), click your USB mouse buttons, or press your USB keyboard
keys to wake up your system to the last display.
Page 3-15
Installation
3-9 CPU Overheating Protection
This mainboard is equipped with CPU Overheating Protection. It will automatically remove power to shutdown the system when CPU temperature reaches
approximately 110°C. This is to prevent long term damage to the CPU from
overheating. This protection is designed through hardware and no BIOS setup
is required.
To power on your system again,
Step 1:
Unplug the ATX power cord (or turn off the ATX power supply
switch)
Step 2:
Wait a few minutes for the CPU to cool.
Step 3:
Check that the CPU heatsink and cooling fan assembly is properly
installed. Be careful when touching the heatsink as it may be hot.
Step 4:
Plug back the ATX power cord (or turn on the ATX power supply
switch) and power -on the system.
If the beeping sound persists, repeat Step 1 to remove the power source.
Page 3-16
BIOS
Section 4
BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
The ROM BIOS contains a built-in Setup program which allows user to modify the
basic system configuration and hardware parameters. The modified data is stored in
a battery-backed CMOS, so that data will be retained even when the power is turned
off. In general, the information saved in the CMOS RAM will stay unchanged unless
there is a configuration change in the system, such as hard drive replacement or a
device is added.
It is possible for the CMOS battery to fail causing CMOS data loss. If this happens
you will need install a new CMOS battery and reconfigure your BIOS settings.
The BIOS setup screen and description are for reference only, and may
not exactly match what you see on your screen. The contents of BIOS are
subject to change without notice. Please visit our website for updates.
To enter the Setup Program :
Power on the computer and press the <Del> key during the POST (Power On Self
Test). The BIOS CMOS SETUP UTILITY opens. (Figure 1)
Figure 1: CMOS Setup Utility
Page 4-1
BIOS
The main menu displays all the major selection items. Select the item you need to
reconfigure. The selection is made by moving the cursor (press any direction (arrow
key ) to the item and pressing the ‘Enter’ key. An on-line help message is displayed
at the bottom of the screen as the cursor is moved to various items which provides a
better understanding of each function. When a selection is made, the menu of the
selected item will appear so that the user can modify associated configuration
parameters.
4-1 Standard CMOS Setup
Choose “STANDARD CMOS FEATURES” in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY Menu
(Figure 2). Standard CMOS Features Setup allows the user to configure system
settings such as the current date and time, type of hard disk drive installed, floppy
drive type, and display type. Memory size is auto-detected by the BIOS and
displayed for your reference. When a field is highlighted (use direction keys to move
the cursor and the <Enter> key to select), the entries in the field can be changed by
pressing the <PgDn> or the <PgUp> key.
Figure 2: Standard CMOS Setup
Notes:
• If the hard disk Primary Master/Slave and Secondary Master/Slave are set to Auto, the
hard disk size and model will be auto-detected.
• The “Halt On:” field is used to determine when the BIOS will halt the system if an
error occurs.
Page 4-2
BIOS
4-2 Advanced BIOS Features
Selecting the “ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY
menu allows users to change system related parameters in the displayed menu. This
menu shows all of the manufacturer’s default values for the board.
Pressing the [F1] key displays a help message for the selected item.
Figure 3: BIOS Features Setup
Hard Disk Boot Priority
This item allows you to select the hard disk boot priority.
CD ROM Boot Priority
This item allows you to select the CD ROM boot priority.
Page 4-3
BIOS
First /Second/Third Boot Device
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the sequence
selected in these items.
Options: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP100, USB-FDD, USB-ZIP, LAN,
Disabled.
Boot Other Device
When enabled, the system searches all other possible locations for an operating
system if it fails to find one in the devices specified under the first, second, and third
boot devices.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
If this item is enabled, it checks the size of the floppy disk drives at start-up time.
You don’t need to enable this item unless you have a legacy diskette drive with
360K capacity.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Security Option
This category allows you to limit access to the System and Setup, or just to Setup.
The default is Setup.
System: The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied unless the
correct password is entered at the prompt.
Setup:
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied unless the
correct password is entered at the prompt.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
The S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) system is a
diagnostics technology that monitors and predicts device performance. S.M.A.R.T.
Software resides on both the disk drive and the host computer. If a device failure is
predicted, the host software, through the Client WORKS S.M.A.R.T applet, warns
the user of the impending condition and advises appropriate action to protect the
data. The default is Disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Full Screen LOGO Show
This item allows you determine Full Screen LOGO display during POST.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-4
BIOS
4-3 Advanced Chipset Features
Choose the “ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES” option in the CMOS SETUP
UTILITY menu to display following menu.
Figure 4: Chipset Features Setup
DRAM Configuration
Scroll to DRAM Configuration and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Max Memclock (Mhz)
This item sets the memory clock. By placing an artificial memory clock limit on the
system, memory is prevented from running faster than this frequency. Example,
“200” will set to DDR400 speed.
Options: Auto, 100, 133, 166.
1T/2T Memory Timing
For setting DRAM Timing.
Options: Auto, 1T, 2T.
Page 4-5
BIOS
CAS# Latency (Tcl)
Enables you to select the CAS latency time. The value is set at the factory depending
on the DRAM installed. Do not change the values in this field unless you change
specifications of the installed DRAM and DRAM clock from DRAM Timing
Selectable.
Options: Auto, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0.
RAS# to CAS# dealy (Trcd)
This item sets the timing parameters for the system memory such as the CAS (Column
Address Strobe) and RAS (Row Address Strobe).
Options: Auto, 2 ~ 7.
Min RAS# active time (Tras)
This item specifies the number of clock cycles needed after a bank active command
before a precharge can occur (sets the minimum RAS pulse width.).
Options: Auto, 5 ~ 15.
Row precharge Time (Trp)
This item refers to the number of cycles required to return data to its original
location to close the bank or the number of cycles required to page memory before
the next bank activate command can be issued.
Options: Auto, 2 ~ 6.
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
This item defines the size of the aperture if you use an AGP graphics adapter. It
refers to a section of the PCI memory address range used for graphics memory.
Options: 32, 64, 128, 256, 512 MB.
AGP 2.0 Speed
This item allows you to select the AGP Speed.
Options: Auto, 1x, 1x2x, 1x2x4x.
AGP Fast Write
This item allows you to use Fast Write transfer for CPU write to graphics adapter’s
memory.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
AGP Sideband Address
Options: Auto, Disabled.
Page 4-6
BIOS
HT Frequency
This item allows you select the Hyper Transport Frequency.
Options: 1x, 2x, 3x, 4x, 5x. (1x-->200MHz, 2x-->400MHz, 3x-->600MHz, 4x-->800MHz,
5x-->1000MHz)
Special I/O for PCI Card
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
System BIOS Cacheable
This item allows the system to be cached in memory for faster execution.
Options: Disabled, Enabled.
4-4 Integrated Peripherals
Figure 5: Integrated Peripherals
Init Display First
This item is used to select whether to initialize the AGP or PCI first when the system
boots.
Options: PCI Slot, Onboard/AGP.
Page 4-7
BIOS
IDE Function Setup
Scroll to IDE Function Setup and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
OnChip IDE Channel 0/1
The mainboard supports two channel of ordinary IDE interface and one channel of
serial ATA interface. Select “Enabled” to activate each channel separately.
Note: If you do not use the onboard IDE connector, set the Onboard Primary
(or Secondary) PCI IDE to “Disabled”.
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Select the mode of operation for the IDE drive. Ultra DMA-100/133 implementation is possible only if your IDE hard drive supports it and the operating environment includes a DMA driver. If your hard drive and your system software both
support Ultra DMA-100/133, select Auto to enable UDMA mode by BIOS.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
IDE Prefetch Mode
Selecting “Enabled” reduces latency between each drive read/write cycle, but may
cause instability in IDE subsystems that cannot support such fast performance. If
you are getting disk drive errors, try setting this value to Disabled. This field does
not appear when the Internal PCI/IDE field, above, is Disabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
OnChip Serial-ATA
This item enables/disables the S-ATA ports.
Page 4-8
BIOS
IDE RAID
This item allows you to select the IDE RAID mode. When set to “Enabled” the
following six fields become available.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE DMA transfer access
Automatic data transfer between system memory and IDE device with minimum CPU
intervention. This improves data throughput and frees CPU to perform other tasks.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE HDD Block Mode
IDE Block Mode allows the controller to access blocks of sectors rather than a
single sector at a time. The default is Enabled.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard Device
Scroll to Onboard Device and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Onchip USB
Enables the USB controller.
Options: Disabled, V1.1+V2.0, V1.1.
USB KB/Storage Support
Enable/Disable support for USB keyboard/Storage under DOS.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Mouse Support
Enable/Disable support for USB mouse under DOS.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-9
BIOS
AC97 Audio
This item allows you disable the chipset on-chip AC97 Audio.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
NV Lan
Enables the onboard LAN feature.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
NV Lan MAC Address
Machine MAC (NV) address selection.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
NV Lan Address Input
Allows you to input the MAC (NV) address.
Current NV Lan MAC Address
Display the current MAC (NV) address.
Onboard Debug LED
Enables the onboard Debug LED feature.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard I/O Chip Setup
Scroll to Onboard I/O Chip Setup and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
Onboard FDC Controller
Select “Enabled” if you wish to use onboard floppy disk controller (FDC). If you
install an external FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select “Disabled “in this field.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Onboard Serial Port 1/2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial ports.
Options: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
Page 4-10
BIOS
UART Mode Select
This field configures the 2nd serial port for IR application. Select the required IR
protocol or select “Normal” to disable IR mode.
Options: Normal, IrDA and ASKIR.
Onboard Parallel Port
This field allows the user to configure the LPT port.
Options: 378/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
This field allows the user to select the parallel port mode.
Options: SPP, EPP, ECP, ECP+EPP.
EPP Mode Select
This field allows the user to select the EPP mode for parallel port mode.
Options: EPP1.9, EPP1.7.
ECP Mode USE DMA
This field allows the user to select DMA1 or DMA3 for the ECP mode.
Options: DMA1, DMA3.
Game Port Address
Select an address for the Game port.
Options: 201, 209, Disabled.
Midi Port Address
Select an address for the Midi port.
Options: 290, 300, 330, Disabled.
Midi Port IRQ
Select an interrupt for the Midi port.
Options: 5, 10.
Page 4-11
BIOS
4-5 Power Management Setup
Choose the “POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP” in the CMOS SETUP UTILITY to
display the following screen. This menu allows the user to modify the power
management parameters and IRQ signals. In general, these parameters should not be
changed unless it’s absolutely necessary.
Figure 6: Power Management
ACPI Suspend Type
This item allows you to select S1(Power-On-Suspend) or S3(Suspend-To-RAM)
function.
Options: S1(POS), S3(STR), S1&S3.
Soft-Off by PBTN
Use this to select your soft-off function. The default is Instant Off.
Instant Off:
Turns off the system instantly.
Delay 4 Second : Turns off the system after a 4 second delay. If momentary press
of button, the system will go into Suspend Mode. Press the
power button again to make system back to work.
NV Lan WOL From Soft-Off
When enabled, NV LAN activity awakens the system from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-12
BIOS
PCI PME From Soft-Off
An input signal from PME on the PCI card awakens the system from soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
WOR (RI#) From Soft-Off
An input Ring-In signal from the modem awakens the system from a soft-off state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Resume from S3/S4
This item allows a USB device to wake-up the system from S3/S4 suspend state.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Power-On by Alarm
When set to Enable alarm resume, you can set the date (of month) and time (hh:mm:
ss), that will awaken a system which has been powered down.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
AMD K8 Cool’n’Quiet control
Reduce the noise and heat from your PC when AMD’s Cool’n’QuietTM technology is
enabled.
Options: Auto, Disabled.
POWER ON Function
Enables computer power on by keyboard, mouse, or hotkey activity.
Password:
Requires you to enter a password when using the keyboard
to power on. Set the password in the next field “KB Power ON
Password.”
Hot KEY:
(default)
Enables you to use a hot key combination to power on the computer.
Set the hot key combination in the “Hot Key Power ON” field.
AnyKEY:
Enables you to set any keyboard activity to power on the computer.
BUTTON ONLY: Requires you to push the computer power button to power on the
system.
Keyboard 98:
Enables you to set the Windows 98 key to power on the system.
KB Power ON Password
Press “Enter” to create a password that is required when you use the keyboard to
power on the system. You must set the POWER ON Function to “Password” to be
prompted for a password at power on.
Page 4-13
BIOS
Hot Key Power ON
Enables you to set a hot key combination to be used for powering on the system.
Options: Ctrl+F1 ~ Ctrl+F12.
PwerOn After Pwr-Fail
This item enables your computer to automatically restart or return to its last operating status after power returns from a power failure.
Off:
The system stays off after a power failure.
Former-Sts:
The system returns to the state it was in just prior to the power
failure.
4-6 PNP/PCI Configuration
This page lets the user to modify the PCI IRQ signals when various PCI cards are
inserted.
WARNING: Conflicting IRQ’s may cause system unable to locate certain devices.
Figure 7: PNP/PCI Configuration Setup
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This item is designed to overcome problems that may be caused by some nonstandard
VGA cards.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Page 4-14
BIOS
Interrupt requests are shared as shown below:
INT W
INT X
INT Y
INT Z
AGP Slot
AC97
V
V
Slot 1
V
Slot 2
Slot 3
V
V
Slot 4
V
Slot 5
V
Slot 6
V
Onboard LAN
V
Onboard USB
V
Onboard USB
V
USB 2.0
SM BUS
INT E
V
V
IMPORTANT!
When using PCI cards on shared IRQ slots, make sure its drivers support “Shared IRQ”,
or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. IRQ conflicts between the two PCI
groups will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
4-7 PC Health Status
Figure 8: PC Health Status
Page 4-15
BIOS
Show PC Health in POST
When this function is enabled the PC Health information is displayed during the
POST (Power On Self Test).
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Smart Fan for CPU Temperature
This item allows you set CPU fan temperature to smartly adjust the fan speeds for
more efficient system operation.
Options: Disabled, 35oC/95oF, 40oC/104oF, 45oC/113oF, 50oC/122oF, 55oC/132oF.
Current CPU Temperature
Displays the current CPU temperature.
Current System Temperature
Displays the current system temperature.
Current CPU/Chassis/Power FAN Speed
Displays the current speed of the CPU, chassis, and power fan speed in RPMs.
CPU Voltage
The voltage level of the CPU(Vcore).
AGP Voltage
The voltage level of power supplied to AGP card.
Chipset Voltage
The voltage level of the Chipset.
DIMM Voltage
The voltage level of the DRAM.
Battery Voltage
The voltage level of the battery.
+ 5V, 5V Standby
The voltage level of the switching power supply.
ACPI Shutdown Temperature
This is the temperature that the computer will turn off the power to combat the
effects of an overheating system. (requires ACPI to be enabled in Power Management BIOS and ACPI compliant operating system.) The default is Disabled.
Options available are 60oC/140oF to 75oC/167oF in increments of 5oC.
Page 4-16
BIOS
4-8 POWER BIOS Features
This page lets you adjust various parameters to obtain improved performance for
overclocking.
Warning:
Overclocking requires expert knowledge and risks permanent damage to
system components. We recommend you leave these parameters at their
default values for proper operation.
Figure 9: Frequency/Voltage Control
System Performance
This item will help you to configure your system performance, selecting higher
performance may cause instability.
Options: Normal, Fastest.
CPU OverClock in MHz
Enables you to increment the CPU’s clock generator at 1 MHz step. This works
together with CPU Clock Ratio (below) to set the CPU operating frequency.
CPU Clock Generator x CPU Clock Ratio = CPU Frequency
For example, if you have a processor that is rated at 2.4GHz and the clock generator
is 200MHz, then 200MHz x 12 = 2.4GHz
Options: 200 to 400 in 1MHz increments.
Page 4-17
BIOS
Note: Overclocking failure will cause no display on the monitor. To overcome
this switch off the power supply and switch on again. Restart the
system, press and hold <Insert> key. This will revert the BIOS to default
or initial setting.
AGP OverClock in MHz
Enables you to subtle tune the AGP/PCI frequency at increments of 1MHz step.
This feature locks the AGP/PCI frequency when overclocking.
Options: 66 to 100 in 1MHz increments.
CPU Ratio Control
This item allows you to enable the CPU clock ratio control. Choose “Enabled” to
key in a CPU clock Ratio in the next selection.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
CPU Clock Ratio
Use this item to select a multiplier to set the CPU frequency. See FSB Frequency
item above for explanation.
Key in the DEC (decimal) number for the CPU Clock Ratio.
CPU Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the CPU Vcore voltage.
Options: 1.50V, 1.55V, 1.60V, 1.65V, 1.70V, 1.75V, 1.80V. We recommend that you
leave this at the default value.
DIMM Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the DIMM slot voltage.
Options: 2.5V, 2.6V, 2.7V, 2.8V. We recommend that you leave this at the default value.
AGP Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the AGP slot voltage.
Options: 1.5V, 1.6V, 1.7V, 1.8V. We recommend that you leave this at the default value.
Page 4-18
BIOS
Chipset Voltage
This item allows you to adjust the chipset voltage.
Options: 1.6V, 1.65V, 1.7V, 1.75V. We recommend that you leave this at the default
value.
4-9 Defaults Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows you two options which are described below
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance
system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
Page 4-19
BIOS
4-10 Supervisor/User Password Setting
This function lets you set either Supervisor or User Password, or both, to prevent
unauthorized changes to BIOS menus.
supervisor password: full rights to enter and change options of the setup menus.
user password:
only enter but no rights to change options of the setup
menus.
When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center of
the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You
will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>.
You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the
password. A message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password
is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to key in each time you
enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your
system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a
password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use
of your computer.
You can determine when the password is required within the Advanced BIOS
Features Menu and its Security option. If the Security option is set to “System”,
the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
Page 4-20
BIOS
4-11 Exiting BIOS
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section
of memory that stays on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot
your computer, the BIOS configures your system according to the Setup selections
stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
Page 4-21
BIOS
Page 4-22
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Section 5
S-ATA RAID CONFIGURATION
Introduction
This section gives a brief introduction on RAID-related background knowledge and
a general procedure to setup RAID system on this mainboard.
RAID Basics
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a method of combining two or
more hard disk drives into one logical unit known as a RAID array. The advantage
of RAID is to provide better performance or data fault tolerance. Fault tolerance is
achieved through data redundant operation, where if one drives fails, a mirrored
copy of the data can be found on another drive. This can prevent data loss if the
operating system fails or hangs.
Below is an example of a RAID array with 2 drives.
The individual disk drives in an array are called “members”. All disk members in a
formed disk array are recognized as a single physical drive to the operating system.
Hard disk drives can be combined together through a few different methods. The
different methods are referred to as different RAID levels. Different RAID levels
represent different performance levels, security levels and implementation costs.
The table below briefly introduced these RAID levels.
RAID Le ve l
No. of Drive s
RAID 0 (Striping)
2
Number drivers *Smallest size
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
2
Smallest size
Data protection
Sum of All drivers
No data protection and
performance improving, but
disk capacity fully used.
JBOD (Spanning)
2
Capacity
Be ne fits
Highest performance without
data protection
Page 5-1
S-ATA RAID Configuration
RAID 0 (Striping)
RAID 0 reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple drives. If any
disk member fails, it affects the entire array. The disk array data capacity is equal to the
number of drive members times the capacity of the smallest member. The striping
block size can be set from 4KB to 64KB. RAID 0 does not support fault tolerance.
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
RAID 1 writes duplicate data onto a pair of drives and reads both sets of data in
parallel. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or does not
respond, the remaining drive will continue to function. Due to redundancy, the
drive capacity of the array is the capacity of the smallest drive. Under a RAID 1
setup, an extra drive called the “spare drive” can be attached. Such a drive will be
activated to replace a failed drive that is part of a mirrored array. Due to the fault
tolerance, if any RAID 1 drive fails, data access will not be affected as long as there
are other working drives in the array.
JBOD (Spanning)
A spanning disk array is equal to the sum of the all drives when the drives used are
having different capacities. Spanning stores data onto a drive until it is full, then
proceeds to store files onto the next drive in the array. When any disk member
fails, the failure affects the entire array. JBOD is not really a RAID and does not
support fault tolerance.
Others
Other RAID derivatives are RAID 10 and RAID 5. These RAID levels require more
than 2 drives to operate, combining the benefits of RAID 0 and RAID 1.
Page 5-2
S-ATA RAID Configuration
nVidia S-ATA RAID Features
The nVidia S-ATA RAID solution uses the nForce3 250 MCP chip as a RAID
controller, which is a 2-channel S-ATA and 1-channel ATA133 solution. Listed
below are the main features and benefits of nVidia S-ATA RAID:
•
Support two S-ATA hard disk drives.
•
Supports hard disk drive larger than 137 GB (48-bits LBA).
•
Supports RAID 0, 1 and JBOD.
•
Free Disk and Dedicated Spare Disk
A Free Disk or Dedicated Disk can be automatically used in case one drive
of a mirrored array fails. A free disk can be used by any available mirrored
array, while a dedicated disk can be used only by the array to which it is
assigned.
•
RAID Across PATA and SATA
NVRAID can span across both Parallel ATA as well as Serial ATA
controllers. RAID operations can be performed on Parallel ATA hard drives,
Serial ATA hard drives, or both Parallel and Serial ATA hard drives.
•
Bootable RAID
NVRAID can be configured in a way to make it bootable. For example, two
hard drives can be configured as a bootable mirrored RAID array.
•
RAID on Multiple Disk Controllers
Unlike other RAID solutions that limits the user to a dedicated RAID
controller, NVRAID software can use a drive on one RAID controller and
another drive on a second RAID controller.
Page 5-3
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Enable RAID Function
For any RAID controller, the general procedure to enable RAID function are shown
below:
Note: If you are not installing O/S into the RAID
disks, you may skip Step 2 & Step3.
Step 1: Create RAID Array
RAID arrays are created using the RAID controller’s BIOS utility.
NVIDIA nForce3 250
Power-on the system and wait for the following screen to appear. Press the
”F10” key to enter its BIOS configuration utility.
Refer to Appendix B-1 for details about creating RAID array using this utility.
After the RAID array is created, press “F10” to exit.
Page 5-4
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Step 2: Prepare driver floppy
When installing Windows XP/2000/NT4.0 into any RAID disk, the O/S setup will
require a floppy disk containing the RAID driver. This step will show you how to
prepare this driver floppy. There are 2 methods to prepare this floppy:
Method 1
1. Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM drive
2. Boot the system from the CD-ROM
3. A menu of driver for various RAID controllers will appear
4. Insert a blank floppy into the A:drive
5. Select the appropriate RAID controller to begin copy into the floppy
Method 2
1. Locate another computer and insert the bundled CD into its CD-ROM drive.
2. A main menu screen will appear (Autorun feature)
3. Select the page “RAID floppy”
4. Insert a blank floppy into the A:drive
5. Click on the required driver to begin copy into the floppy
Step 3: Install O/S into RAID disk
Continue to install Windows XP/2000/NT4.0 as normal. When requested by
Windows Setup for RAID driver, insert the floppy created earlier in Step 2.
Page 5-5
S-ATA RAID Configuration
Step 4: Install Software utility for Windows
After the O/S has been installed, you may install the RAID driver and software. The
RAID software is a Windows-based utility with graphical user interface that
provides an easy operating tool to configure and manage RAID arrays.
1)Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM drive.
2)When the main menu appears, click on the SATA RAID driver corresponding
to the SATA controller you have configured in Step 1. See driver installation in
section 6 for more details.
Note: For information on using the software utility, refer to the user guide in
the bundled CD.
Page 5-6
Drivers Installation
Section 6
DRIVER INSTALLATION
Easy Driver Installation
Once the operating system has been installed, you need to install the drivers for the mainboard.
Method 1
Auto Installation
Selective Installation
[nVIDIA nForce3 Series]
Method 2
Please install SP4 for Windows 2000 before installing NVIDIA nForce3 driver
nVIDIA nForce3 Driver
AC’97 AUDIO Driver
USB 2.0 Driver
Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM and the main menu screen will appear. The main
menu displays links to the supported drivers, utilities and software.
Method 1
This item can installs all drivers automatically.
Method 2
This item can allows you to install the drivers selectively.
Step 1 :
Click “nVIDIA nForce3 Driver” to install chipset driver.
Step 2 :
Click “AC’97 AUDIO Driver” to install audio driver.
Step 3 :
Click “USB V2.0 Driver” to install USB 2.0 driver.
Page 6-1
Drivers Installation
Realtek Sound Manager Quick User-guide
Š Introduction
To obtain the best performance from your audio system, run the "Sound
Manager" utility to adjust the settings to suit your needs. This section of the
manual is intended to provide a quick user-guide to setup "Sound Manager".
For more detailed information, refer to "Sound Manager manual" in the CD.
<Figure 1>
1. Right-click “Sound Effect” button on the task bar and select “Sound Manager”.
Sound Effect:
<Figure 2>
2. Select "Sound Effect" page to set the desired audio environment from the
pull-down menu. There are in total 23 kinds of sound effect.
a. For Karaoke function, "Voice Cancellation (only for 2 channels mode)"
removes the human voice. "Key" lets you adjusts the key pitch.
b. "Auto Gain Control" avoids saturation when adjusting the equalizer.
Page 6-2
Drivers Installation
Equalizer:
<Figure 3>
3. There are 10 bands of equalizer control, check "ON" when you want to adjust
the equalizer.
Speaker
Configuration:
<Figure 4>
4. This page displays the mainboards's phone jack function when a corresponding
audio mode (no. of speaker) is selected.
Figure 4 above shows the phone jack setup for 2 channel mode.
Page 6-3
Drivers Installation
Speaker
Configuration:
<Figure 5>
5. For 6 channel mode, the audio combination is shown above.
Speaker Test:
<Figure 6>
6. To test the speaker , select the “Speaker Test” page and click directly on the
speakers shown on the screen.
Page 6-4
Drivers Installation
SPDIF-In:
<Figure 7>
7. This page shows S/PDIF IN function on your system.
a. Click "Auto Lock" to detect S/PDIF input and display its information.
b. Check "Real-time S/PDIF-In monitor" to listen to the S/PDIF IN signal
through Line-out connector.
SPDIF-Out:
<Figure 8>
8. This page lets you choose the type of audio source that will appear on the
S/PDIF-out connector.
Page 6-5
Drivers Installation
This board is equipped with Jack Sensing capability. If an audio device is plugged
into the wrong connector, a warning message will appear to remind users to check
the connection.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 9>
9. Push "Start" button to start the sensing. Please remember to terminate all
audio applications before starting the sensing.
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 10>
10. EZ-Connection shows the result of the detection.
“Audio Connector” column reflects the settings used in the "Speaker
Configuration" page.
“Current Connection” column shows the type of device detected. If the
results do not match, an exclamation mark will appear on the right side.
Page 6-6
Drivers Installation
Connector
Sensing:
<Figure 11>
11. After closing EZ-Connector, this page will show the latest connector status
as above.
General:
<Figure 12>
12. This page displays information regarding the audio hardware and software.
To remove "Sound Manager" icon from Windows Task bar, uncheck "Show
icon in system tray".
Page 6-7
Drivers Installation
Page 6-8
Appendix
Appendix A
A-1 Update Your System BIOS
Download the xxxxx.EXE file corresponding to your model from our website to an
empty directory on your hard disk or floppy. Run the downloaded xxxxx.EXE file and
it will self extract. Copy these extracted files to a bootable floppy disk.
Note: The floppy disk should contain NO device drivers or other programs.
1. Type “A:\AWDFLASH and press <Enter> Key.
2. You will see the following setup screen.
3. Please key in the xxxxx.bin BIOS file name.
XXXX
4. If you want to save the previous BIOS data to the diskette, please key in [Y],
otherwise please key in [N].
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
A-1
Appendix
5. Key in File Name to save previous BIOS to file.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
6. To confirm and proceed, please key in [Y] to start the programming.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
xxxxx.bin
7. The BIOS update is finished.
XXXX
XXXXX
xxxxx.bin
F1 : Reset
A-2
F10 : Exit
Appendix
Appendix B
B-1 NVIDIA RAID BIOS Utility
Power-on the system and wait for the following screen to appear. Press the ”F10”
key to enter its BIOS configuration utility.
Using the Define a New Array Window
If necessary, press the tab key to move from field to field until the appropriate field
is highlighted.
•
Selecting the RAID Mode
By default, this is set to Mirroring. To change to a different RAID mode,
press the down arrow key until the mode that you want appears in the RAID
Mode box—either Mirroring, Striping, Spanning, or Stripe Mirroring.
•
Selecting the Striping Block Size
Striping block size is given in kilobytes, and affects how data is arranged on
the disk. It is recommended to leave this value at the default Optimal, which
is 32KB, but the values can be between 4 KB and 128 KB.
•
Assigning the Disks
The disks that you enabled from the RAID Config BIOS setup page appear
in the Free Disks block. These are the drives that are available for use as
RAID array disks.
B-1
Appendix
To designate a free disk to be used as a RAID array disk,
1) Tab to the Free Disks section.
The first disk in the list is selected
2) Move it from the Free Disks block to the Array Disks block by pressing the
rightarrow key (-> ).
The first disk in the list is moved, and the next disk in the list is selected and
ready to be moved.
3) Continue pressing the right-arrow key (-> ) until all the disks that you want
to use as RAID array disks appear in the Array Disks block.
Completing the RAID BIOS Setup
After assigning your RAID array disks, press F7. The Clear disk data prompt
appears.
Press Y if you want to wipe out all the data from the RAID array, otherwise press N.
You must choose Yes if the drives were previously used as RAID drives.
The Array List window appears, where you can review the RAID arrays that you
have set up.
B-2
Appendix
Use the arrow keys to select the array that you want to set up, then press Enter.
The Array Detail window appears.
The Array Detail window shows information about the array that you
selected, such as Striping Block used, RAID Mode, Striping Width,
Disk Model Name, and disk capacity.
If you want to mark this disk as empty and wipe out all its contents then press C.
At the prompt, press Y to wipe out all the data, otherwise press N.
Press Enter again to go back to the previous window and then press F10 to exit the
RAID setup.
B-3
Appendix
B-4
Appendix
Appendix C
C-1 POST CODES
POST (hex)
DESCRIPTION
CFh
C0h
Test CMOS R/W functionality.
Early chipset initialization:
- Disable shadow RAM
- Disable L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
- Program basic chipset registers
Detect memory
- Auto-detection of DRAM size, type and ECC.
- Auto-detection of L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
Expand compressed BIOS code to DRAM
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
Reserved
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
Reserved
1. Blank out screen
2. Clear CMOS error flag
Reserved
1. Clear 8042 interface
2. Initialize 8042 self-test
1. Test special keyboard controller for Winbond 977 series Super I/O
chips.
2. Enable keyboard interface.
Reserved
1. Disable PS/2 mouse interface (optional).
2. Auto detect ports for keyboard & mouse followed by a port &
interface swap (optional).
3. Reset keyboard for Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test F000h segment shadow to see whether it is R/W-able or not. If test
fails, keep beeping the speaker.
Reserved
Auto detect flash type to load appropriate flash R/W codes into the run
time area in F000 for ESCD & DMI support.
Reserved
Use walking 1’s algorithm to check out interface in CMOS circuitry.
Also set real-time clock power status, and then check for override.
Reserved
Program chipset default values into chipset. Chipset default values are
MODBINable by OEM customers.
Reserved
Initial Early_Init_Onboard_Generator switch.
Reserved
C1h
C3h
C5h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0B-0Dh
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
15h
16h
17h
C-1
Appendix
18h
19-1Ah
1Bh
1Ch
1Dh
1Eh
1Fh
20h
21h
22h
23h
24-26h
27h
28h
29h
2A-2Ch
2Dh
2E-32h
33h
34-3Bh
3Ch
3Dh
3Eh
3Fh
40h
41h
42h
C-2
Detect CPU information including brand, SMI type (Cyrix or Intel) and
CPU level (586 or 686).
Reserved
Initial interrupts vector table. If no special specified, all H/W
interrupts are directed to SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR & S/W
interrupts to SPURIOUS_soft_HDLR.
Reserved
Initial EARLY_PM_INIT switch.
Reserved
Load keyboard matrix (notebook platform)
Reserved
HPM initialization (notebook platform)
Reserved
1. Check validity of RTC value:
e.g. a value of 5Ah is an invalid value for RTC minute.
2. Load CMOS settings into BIOS stack. If CMOS checksum fails, use
default value instead.
3. Prepare BIOS resource map for PCI & PnP use. If ESCD is valid,
take into consideration of the ESCD’s legacy information.
4. Onboard clock generator initialization. Disable respective clock
resource to empty PCI & DIMM slots.
5. Early PCI initialization:
-Enumerate PCI bus number
-Assign memory & I/O resource
-Search for a valid VGA device & VGA BIOS, and put it into C000:0.
Reserved
Initialize INT 09 buffer
Reserved
1. Program CPU internal MTRR (P6 & PII) for 0-640K memory
address.
2. Initialize the APIC for Pentium class CPU.
3. Program early chipset according to CMOS setup.
Example: onboard IDE controller.
4. Measure CPU speed.
5. Invoke video BIOS.
Reserved
1. Initialize multi-language
2. Put information on screen display, including Award title, CPU type,
CPU speed ….
Reserved
Reset keyboard except Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Reserved
Test 8254
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.
Reserved
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 2.
Reserved
Reserved
Appendix
43h
44h
45-46h
47h
48h
49h
4A-4Dh
4Eh
4Fh
50h
51h
52h
53-54h
55h
56h
57h
58h
59h
5Ah
5Bh
5Ch
5Dh
5E-5Fh
60h
61-64h
65h
66h
67h
68h
69h
6Ah
6Bh
6Ch
6Dh
Test 8259 functionality.
Reserved
Reserved
Initialize EISA slot
Reserved
1. Calculate total memory by testing the last double word of each 64K
page.
2. Program writes allocation for AMD K5 CPU.
Reserved
1. Program MTRR of M1 CPU
2. Initialize L2 cache for P6 class CPU & program CPU with proper
cacheable range.
3. Initialize the APIC for P6 class CPU.
4. On MP platform, adjust the cacheable range to smaller one in case
the cacheable ranges between each CPU are not identical.
Reserved
Initialize USB
Reserved
Test all memory (clear all extended memory to 0)
Reserved
Display number of processors (multi-processor platform)
Reserved
1. Display PnP logo
2. Early ISA PnP initialization
-Assign CSN to every ISA PnP device.
Reserved
Initialize the combined Trend Anti-Virus code.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Show message for entering AWDFLASH.EXE
from FDD (optional)
Reserved
1. Initialize Init_Onboard_Super_IO switch.
2. Initialize Init_Onbaord_AUDIO switch.
Reserved
Okay to enter Setup utility; i.e. not until this POST stage can users enter
the CMOS setup utility.
Reserved
Initialize PS/2 Mouse
Reserved
Prepare memory size information for function call: INT 15h ax=E820h
Reserved
Turn on L2 cache
Reserved
Program chipset registers according to items described in Setup & Autoconfiguration table.
Reserved
1. Assign resources to all ISA PnP devices.
2. Auto assign ports to onboard COM ports if the corresponding item
in Setup is set to “AUTO”.
C-3
Appendix
6Eh
6Fh
70-72h
73h
74h
75h
76h
77h
78h-79h
7Ah
7B-7Eh
7Fh
80h-81h
82h
83h
84h
85h
86-92h
93h
94h
95h
96h
FFh
C-4
Reserved
1. Initialize floppy controller
2. Set up floppy related fields in 40:hardware.
Reserved
(Optional Feature) Enter AWDFLASH.EXE if :
-AWDFLASH is found in floppy drive.
-ALT+F2 is pressed
Reserved
Detect & install all IDE devices: HDD, LS120, ZIP, CDROM…..
Reserved
Detect serial ports & parallel ports.
Reserved
Detect & install co-processor
Reserved
1. Switch back to text mode if full screen logo is supported.
-If errors occur, report errors & wait for keys
-If no errors occur or F1 key is pressed to continue:
Clear EPA or customization logo.
Reserved
1. Call chipset power management hook.
2. Recover the text font used by EPA logo (not for full screen logo)
3. If password is set, ask for password.
Save all data in stack back to CMOS
Initialize ISA PnP boot devices
1. USB final Initialization
2. NET PC: Build SYSID structure
3. Switch screen back to text mode
4. Set up ACPI table at top of memory.
5. Invoke ISA adapter ROMs
6. Assign IRQs to PCI devices
7. Initialize APM
8. Clear noise of IRQs.
Reserved
Read HDD boot sector information for Trend Anti-Virus code
1. Enable L2 cache
2. Program boot up speed
3. Chipset final initialization.
4. Power management final initialization
5. Clear screen & display summary table
6. Program K6 write allocation
7. Program P6 class write combining
1. Program daylight saving
2. Update keyboard LED & typematic rate
1. Build MP table
2. Build & update ESCD
3. Set CMOS century to 20h or 19h
4. Load CMOS time into DOS timer tick
5. Build MSIRQ routing table.
Boot attempt (INT 19h)