SBC-770
Pentium II CPU Card with LCD,
Ethernet, High Drive, & SSD
Copyright Notice
This document is copyrighted, 1999. All rights are reserved. The
original manufacturer reserves the right to make improvements to
the products described in this manual at any time without notice.
No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated, or
transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior written
permission of the original manufacturer. Information provided in
this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, the
original manufacturer assumes no responsibility for its use, nor for
any infringements upon the rights of third parties which may result
from its use.
Acknowledgements
AMD is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
AMI is a trademark of American Megatrends, Inc.
Award is a trademark of Award Software International, Inc.
Cyrix is a trademark of Cyrix Corporation.
IBM, PC/AT, PS/2, and VGA are trademarks of International
Business Machines Corporation.
Intel and Pentium II are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Microsoft Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
SMC is a trademark of Standard Microsystems Corporation.
RTL is a trademark of Realtek Semi-Conductor Co., Ltd.
C&T is a trademark of Chips and Technologies, Inc.
UMC is a trademark of United Microelectronics Corporation.
ITE is a trademark of Integrated Technology Express, Inc.
SiS is a trademark of Silicon Integrated Systems Corp.
VIA is a trademark of VIA Technology, Inc.
All other product names or trademarks are properties of their
respective owners.
Part No. 2047770001 SBC-770 2nd Edition
Printed in Taiwan
July 1999
A Message to the Customer
AAEON Customer Services
Each and every AAEON product is built to the most exacting
specifications to ensure reliable performance in the harsh and
demanding conditions typical of industrial environments. Whether
your new AAEON equipment is destined for the laboratory or the
factory floor, you can be assured that your product will provide the
reliability and ease of operation for which the name AAEON has
come to be known.
Your satisfaction is our primary concern. Here is a guide to
AAEON's customer services. To ensure you get the full benefit of
our services, please follow the instructions below carefully.
Technical Support
We want you to get the maximum performance from your products.
So if you run into technical difficulties, we are here to help. For the
most frequently asked questions, you can easily find answers in
your product documentation. These answers are normally a lot
more detailed than the ones we can give over the phone.
So please consult this manual first. If you still cannot find the
answer, gather all the information or questions that apply to your
problem, and with the product close at hand, call your dealer. Our
dealers are well trained and ready to give you the support you need
to get the most from your AAEON products. In fact, most problems
reported are minor and are able to be easily solved over the phone.
In addition, free technical support is available from AAEON
engineers every business day. We are always ready to give advice
on application requirements or specific information on the installation and operation of any of our products.
Product Warranty
AAEON warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its
products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for
one year from the date of purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been
repaired or altered by persons other than repair personnel authorized by AAEON, or which have been subject to misuse, abuse,
accident or improper installation. AAEON assumes no liability
under the terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events.
Because of AAEON's high quality-control standards and rigorous
testing, most of our customers never need to use our repair service.
If an AAEON product is defective, it will be repaired or replaced at
no charge during the warranty period. For out-of-warranty repairs,
you will be billed according to the cost of replacement materials,
service time, and freight. Please consult your dealer for more
details.
If you think you have a defective product, follow these steps:
1. Collect all the information about the problem encountered. (For
example, CPU type and speed, AAEON products used, other
hardware and software used, etc.) Note anything abnormal and
list any on-screen messages you get when the problem occurs.
2. Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your
manual, product, and any helpful information readily available.
3. If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA
(return material authorization) number from your dealer. This
allows us to process your return more quickly.
4. Carefully pack the defective product, a fully-completed Repair
and Replacement Order Card and a photocopy proof of purchase date (such as your sales receipt) in a shippable container.
A product returned without proof of the purchase date is not
eligible for warranty service.
5. Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package
and ship it prepaid to your dealer.
Packing list
Before you begin installing your card, please make sure that the
following materials have been shipped:
• 1 SBC-770 All-in-One Single Board Computer
• 1 Quick Installation Guide
• 1 Supporting CD-ROM contains the followings:
-- User's Manual (this manual in PDF file)
-- Ethernet drivers and utilities
-- VGA drivers and utilities
-- BIOS files
• 1 Hard disk drive (IDE) interface cable
• 1 Floppy disk drive interface cable
• 1 6-pin mini-DIN dual outlet adapter for keyboard and PS/2
mouse
• 1 mounting bracket contains 1 Parallel port adapter (26 pins) and
COM2 adapter (for RS-232/422/485)
If any of these items are missing or damaged, contact your distributor or sales representative immediately.
Notice
Dear Customer,
Thank you for purchasing the SBC-770 board. This user's
manual is designed to help you to get the most out of the SBC-770,
please read it thoroughly before you install and use the board. The
product that you have purchased comes with an two-year limited
warranty, but AAEON will not be responsible for misuse of the
product. Therefore, we strongly urge you to first read the manual
before using the product.
To receive the lastest version of the user manual, please visit our
Web site at:
http://www.aaeon.com
Contents
Chapter 1: General Information ....................... 1
Introduction ........................................................................... 2
Features .................................................................................. 3
Specifications ......................................................................... 4
Board layout ........................................................................... 7
Board dimensions ................................................................. 8
Chapter 2: Installation ....................................... 9
Jumpers and connectors .................................................... 10
Locating jumpers ................................................................ 12
Locating connectors ........................................................... 13
Setting jumpers ................................................................... 14
CPU installing and upgrading ............................................ 15
Mounting the CPU and cooling module .......................... 16
Installing DRAM (DIMMs) .............................................. 18
Cache Memory .................................................................... 19
Clear CMOS (J2) ................................................................ 20
LCD driving voltage select (J4) ....................................... 20
System temperature thermal sensor (J5)........................ 21
CPU frequency ratio select (J6) ....................................... 21
Pentium II CPU jumper setting examples ............................... 22
LCD clock signal select (J7) ............................................. 24
DOC address select (J8) ................................................... 25
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select (J10, J9) ......................... 26
Power connectors (PWR1, CN5) ...................................... 27
Power connector (PWR1) ...................................................... 27
CPU fan power connector (CN5) ........................................... 27
Power LED and Keylock (CN1) ....................................... 28
Hard drive LED (CN2) ....................................................... 28
External speaker (CN3) ..................................................... 29
Reset switch (CN4) ............................................................. 29
IDE hard drive connectors (CN7, CN8) .......................... 30
Connecting the hard drive ....................................................... 30
IDE hard drive connectors (CN7, CN8) ................................. 31
IrDA connector (CN9) ....................................................... 32
Parallel port connector (CN10) ......................................... 33
Parallel port IRQ ..................................................................... 33
Parallel Port connector table (CN10) ...................................... 33
Floppy drive connector (CN12) ........................................ 34
Connecting the floppy drive .....................................................34
Floppy drive connector (CN12) ............................................... 35
USB connector (CN14) ...................................................... 36
Display connectors (CN15, CN6) ..................................... 37
VGA display connector (CN15).............................................. 37
LCD display connector (CN6) ................................................ 38
Serial ports (CN16, CN11) ................................................. 39
COM2 RS-232/422/485 serial prots (CN11) ........................... 39
100Base-Tx Ethernet connector (CN17) ........................ 39
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector (CN18, CN13) ... 40
DiskOnChip socket (U34) ................................................. 41
DiskOnChip (DOC) 2000 Installation ............................. 42
Chapter 3: Award BIOS Setup .......................... 43
Starting setup ....................................................................... 44
Setup keys ............................................................................ 45
Getting help ......................................................................... 46
In case of problem ................................................................... 46
Main setup menu ................................................................ 47
Standard CMOS setup ....................................................... 49
BIOS features setup ........................................................... 56
CHIPSET features setup ................................................... 60
Power management setup .................................................. 64
PNP/PCI congfiguration setup .......................................... 69
Load BIOS defaults/Load setup defaults ........................ 72
Integrated peripherals setup ............................................. 73
Supervisor/User password setting ................................... 76
IDE HDD auto detection ................................................... 78
Save & exit setup ................................................................ 79
Chapter 4: Flat Panel/CRT controller Display
Drivers and Utilities ...................... 81
Software drives .................................................................... 82
Hardware configuration .......................................................... 82
Necessary prerequisites .......................................................... 83
Before you begin ..................................................................... 83
Windows 95 .......................................................................... 84
Driver installation .................................................................... 84
Windows 3.51 ....................................................................... 92
Driver installation .................................................................... 92
Windows NT 4.0 .................................................................. 93
Driver installation .................................................................... 93
Chapter 5: Ethernet Software configuration ...
......................................................... 95
Ethernet software configuration ....................................... 96
Appendix A: Programming the Watchdog
Timer ............................................. 97
Programming the watchdog timer .................................... 98
How to set the watchdog timer ............................................... 98
Demo program ........................................................................ 99
CHAPTER
General
Information
1
This chapter gives background information on the mainboard.
Sections include:
• Board specifications
• Layout and dimensions
Chapter 1 General Information
1
Introduction
The SBC-770 is an all-in-one Pentium II processor based single
board computer (SBC) with a PCI Flat Panel controller, a PCI
100Base-Tx Ethernet interface. When using an Intel Pentium II
processor, the SBC-770 achieves outstanding performance that
surpasses any other SBC in its class. In addition, the onboard SSD
interface supports M-systems DiskOnChip 2000 series, memory
capacity from 2 MB to 144 MB.
Onboard features include two serial ports (one RS-232, one RS-232/
422/485), one multi-mode parallel (ECP/EPP/SPP) port, connector for
two USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports, a floppy drive controller, and
a keyboard/PS/2 mouse interface. The built-in high speed PCI IDE
controller supports Ultra DMA/33 mode. Up to four IDE devices
can be connected, including large hard disks, CD-ROM drives, and
tape backup drives, etc.
The SBC-770 also features power management to minimize power
consumption. It complies with the ACPI standard and supports
three types of power saving features: Doze mode, Standby mode,
and Suspend mode. In addition, the board's watchdog timer can
automatically reset the system or generate an interrupt in case the
system stops due to a program bug or EMI.
Highly integrated SBC
The SBC-770 is a highly integrated SBC that combines video and
network functions on a single computer board. It provides up to
1024 x 768 resolution @ 64K colors with on-chip 2MB SDRAM
display memory. Major onboard devices adopt PCI technology to
achieve outstanding computing performance when used with Intel
Pentium II level processors, making the SBC-770 one of the world's
best and most powerful all-in-one Single Board Computers.
2
SBC-770 User Manual
Features
• Supports Intel Pentium II CPUs up to 450MHz
• Supports DiskOnChip (SSD) up to 144MB
• C&T 69000 LCD controller supports 36-bit TFT Panels
• 100Base-Tx Fast Ethernet
• Supports H/W status monitoring
• High Drive design to enhance the ISA driving capacity
Chapter 1 General Information
3
Specifications
Standard SBC functions
• CPU: Intel Pentium II 233~450MHz (With system bus frequencies of
66/100MHz)
• Bus interface: PCI/ISA bus. PICMG 2.0 standard
• ISA driving capacity: Built-in Address/Data buffer supports driving
capacity up to 64mA
• CPU socket: Slot 1
• BIOS: Award 256KB Flash BIOS
• Chipset: Intel 440BX
• I/O chipset: Winbond W83977TF with fully 16-bit I/O decoded
• Memory : Onboard three 168-pin DIMM sockets support up to
384Mbytes SDRAM
• Enhanced IDE: Supports up to four IDE devices. Supports Ultra DMA/
33 mode with data transfer rate 33MB/Sec.
• FDD interface: Supports up to two floppy disk drives, 5.25" (360KB and
1.2MB) and/or 3.5" (720KB, 1.44MB, and 2.88MB)
• Parallel port: One bi-directional parallel port. Supports SPP, ECP, and
EPP modes
• Serial port: One RS-232 and one RS-232/422/485 serial port. Ports can be
configured as COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, or disabled individually.
(16C550 equivalent)
• IR interface: Supports one IrDA Tx/Rx header
• KB/Mouse connector : 6-pin mini-DIN connector supports PC/AT
keyboard and PS/2 mouse. Additional 5-pin header supports PC/AT
keyboard for IPC applications
• USB connectors: 5 x 2 header onboard supports dual USB ports
• Battery: Lithium battery for data retention of up to 10 years
4
SBC-770 User Manual
• Watchdog timer: Can generate a system reset, IRQ15, or NMI. Software
selectable time-out interval (2 sec. ~ 255 sec., 1 sec./step)
• DMA: 7 DMA channels (8237 equivalent)
• Interrupt: 15 interrupt levels (8259 equivalent)
• Power management: I/O peripheral devices support power saving and
doze/stanby/suspend modes. APM 1.2 ocmpliant
• H/W status monitoring: Winbond W83781D H/W status monitoring IC
supports power supply voltages, fan speed, and temperatures monitoring
Flat Panel/CRT Interface
• Chipset: C&T 69000
• Display memory: Built-in 2MB SDRAM
• Display type: Supports non-interlaced CRT and LCD (TFT, DSTN, and
Mono) displays. Can display both CRT and Flat Panel simultaneously
• Resolution: Up to 1024x768@64K colors
Ethernet Interface
• Chipset: Realtek RTL8139B 100Base-Tx Fast Ethernet controller
• Ethernet interface: Onboard 100Base-Tx RJ-45 connector
SSD Interface
• One 32-pin DIP socket supports M-Systems DiskOnChip 2000 series up
to 144MB
Chapter 1 General Information
5
Mechanical and environmental
• Power supply voltage: +5V (4.75V to 5.25V),
+12V (11.4V to 12.6V)
• Typical power requirement: +5V @ 7A
• Operating temperature: 32 to 140o F (0 to 60o C)
• Board size: 13.3"(L) x 4.8"(W) (338mm x 122mm)
• Weight: 1.2 lb. (0.5 Kg)
6
SBC-770 User Manual
Board layout
Chapter 1 General Information
7
Board dimensions
4.803"
0.795"
0.126"
3.174"
0.228"
1.874"
0.478"
13.327"
2.470"
0.076"
0.570"
1.861"
1.673"
8
SBC-770 User Manual
CHAPTER
Installation
2
This chapter describes how to set up the
main board hardware, including instructions on setting jumpers and connecting
peripherals, switches, and indicators. Be
sure to read all the safety precautions
before you begin the installation procedure.
Chapter 2 Installation 9
Jumpers and connectors
Connectors on the board link it to external devices such as hard
disk drives, a keyboard, or floppy drives. In addition, the board
has a number of jumpers that allow you to configure your system
to suit your application.
The following tables list the function of each of the board's
jumpers and connectors.
Jumpers
Label
J2
J4
J5
J6
J7
J8
J9
J10
10 SBC-770 User Manual
Function
Clear CMOS
LCD driving voltage select
System temperature thermal sensor
CPU frequency ratio select
LCD clock signal select
DOC address select
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select
Connectors
Label
CN1
CN2
CN3
CN4
CN5
CN6
CN7
CN8
CN9
CN10
CN11
CN12
CN13
CN14
CN15
CN16
CN17
CN18
U34
PWR1
Function
Power LED and keylock
Hard drive LED
External speaker
Reset switch
CPU fan power connector
LCD display connector
IDE hard drive connector (Primary)
IDE hard drive connector (Secondary)
IrDA connector
Parallel port connector
COM2 RS-232/422/485 serial port
connector
Floppy drive connector
Internal keyboard connector
USB connector
VGA display connector
COM1 RS-232 serial port connector
100Base-Tx Ethernet connector
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector
DiskOnChip socket
Power connector
Chapter 2 Installation 11
Locating jumpers
J2
J4
J5
J6
J7
J8
J9
J10
J15
12 SBC-770 User Manual
Locating connectors
CN2
CN3
CN1
CN4
CN6
CN5
CN8
CN7
CN9
CN10
CN11
CN12
U34
CN13
PWR1
CN14
CN18
CN16
CN17
CN15
Chapter 2 Installation 13
Setting jumpers
You can configure your card to match the needs of your application
by setting jumpers. A jumper is the simplest kind of electric switch.
It consists of two metal pins and a small metal clip (often protected
by a plastic cover) that slides over the pins to connect them. To
“close” a jumper you connect the pins with the clip. To “open” a
jumper you remove the clip. Sometimes a jumper will have three
pins, labeled 1, 2, and 3. In this case you would connect either pins
1 and 2 or 2 and 3.
1
Open
Closed
2
3
Closed 2-3
The jumper settings are schematically depicted in this manual as
follows:
1 2 3
Open
Closed
Closed 2-3
A pair of needle-nose pliers may be helpful when working with
jumpers.
If you have any doubts about the best hardware configuration for
your application, contact your local distributor or sales representative before you make any changes.
14 SBC-770 User Manual
CPU installing and upgrading
You can upgrade to a more powerful Pentium II CPU at any time.
Simply remove the old CPU, install the new one, and set the
jumpers for the new CPU speed.
Warning! Always disconnect the power cord from your
chassis when you are working on it. Do not
make connections while the power is on as
sensitive electronic components can be damaged by the sudden rush of power. Only experienced electronics personnel should open the
system chassis.
Caution!
Always ground yourself to remove any static
charge before touching the system board.
Modern electronic devices are very sensitive to
static electric charges. Use a grounding wrist
strap at all times. Place all electronic components
on a static-dissipative surface or in a staticshielded bag when they are not in the chassis.
When you install a new CPU, be sure to adjust the board settings,
such as CPU frequency ratio. Improper settings may damage
the CPU.
Chapter 2 Installation 15
Mounting the CPU and cooling
Modules
The Pentium II is a module-type CPU which runs at high speeds,
for example 233 ~ 450 MHz, so the cooling mechanism becomes
critifal for system reliability. These are two types of cooling
methods: one with a cooling fan attached to the heat sink of the
Pentium II module, the other with a huge heat sink without any
cooling fan attached.
Both cooling methods for the Pentium II require a "retention
module" to firmly fix the Pentium II CPU to Slot 1. The following figures illustrate the steps involved in mounting the retention
module and installing the CPU and cooling modules.
16 SBC-770 User Manual
Mounting CPU and cooling modules - Step 1
Step 1
Mounting CPU and cooling modules - Step 2
Step 2
Chapter 2 Installation 17
Installing DRAM (DIMMs)
System Memory
The left edge of the SBC-770 contains three sockets for 168-pin
dual inline memory module (DIMM). The socket uses 3.3 V
unbuffered synchronous DRAM (SDRAM). DIMM is available in
capacities of 16, 32, 64, or 128 MB. The socket can be filled in the
DIMM of any size, giving your SBC-770 single board computer
between 16 and 128 MB of memory.
Supplementary information about DIMM
Your SBC-770 can accept both regular and PC-100 SDRAM DIMM
Module(with or without parity). However, if the Pentium II 350MHz
or up CPU is used, The SBC-770 can only accept PC-100 SDRAM
DIMM Module.
Single-sided modules are typically 16 or 64 MB; double-sided
modules are usually 32 or 128 MB.
Memory Installation Procedures
To install DIMM, first make sure the two handles of the DIMM
socket are in the "open" position. i.e. The handles remain outward.
Slowly slide the DIMM module along the plastic guides on both
ends of the socket. Then press the DIMM module right down into
the socket, until you hear a click. This is when the two handles
have automatically locked the memory module into the correct
position of the DIMM socket. (See Figure below) To take away the
memory module, just push both handles outward, and the memory
module will be ejected by the mechanism in the socket.
18 SBC-770 User Manual
Cache memory
Since the second level cache has been embedded into the Pentium® II CPU, you do not have to take care of either SRAM chips
or SRAM modules. The built-in second level cache in the Pentium
II yields much higher performance than the external cache memories. The cache size in the Pentium II CPU is either 256 KB or 512
KB. Normally, for workstation and server application, the 256 KB
version is enough. However, if your system is for heavy duty
applications, the 512 KB version will help a lot. Specifically for our
Pentium II based SBC, the Pentium II has another version that
provides much better data security if combined with the DRAM
ECC. Check with your vendor for various Pentium II models.
Chapter 2 Installation 19
Clear CMOS (J2)
You can use J2 to clear the CMOS data if necessary. To reset the
CMOS data, set J2 to 2-3 closed for just a few seconds, and then
move the jumper back to 1-2 closed.
Clear CMOS (J2)
J2
Protect*
Clear CMOS
1 2 3
1 2 3
*default
LCD driving voltage select (J4)
You can select the LCD connector CN6 (pin 5 and pin 6) driving
voltage by setting J4. The configurations are as follows:
LCD driving voltage select (J4)
5V
J4
*default
20 SBC-770 User Manual
1
2 3
3.3V *
1
2 3
System temperature thermal sensor
(J5)
This jumper is reserved to connect a system temperature thermal
sensor in order to detect the system temperature.
CPU frequency ratio select (J6)
CPU core frequency = CPU frequency ratio (3~5.5) * External
bus clock (66 or 100 MHz)
CPU frequency ratio select (J6)
3x
3.5x*
4x
1 3 5
1 3 5
1 3 5
2 4 6
2 4 6
2 4 6
4.5x
5x
5.5x
1 3 5
1 3 5
1 3 5
2 4 6
2 4 6
2 4 6
*default
Chapter 2 Installation 21
Pentium II CPU jumper setting examples
Pentium II CPU
233/66MHz
J6
1 3 5
2 4 6
266/66MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
300/66MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
333/66MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
300/100MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
350/100MHz *
1 3 5
2 4 6
400/100MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
22 SBC-770 User Manual
Pentium II CPU
450/100MHz
J6
1 3 5
2 4 6
500/100MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
550/100MHz
1 3 5
2 4 6
*default
Chapter 2 Installation 23
LCD clock signal select (J7)
You can select the LCD control signal by setting J7. The following
charts show the available option.
LCD clock signal select (J7)
SFCLK-*
J7
*default
24 SBC-770 User Manual
1
2 3
SHCLK
1
2 3
DOC address select (J8)
The DiskOnChip 2000 occupies an 8 Kbyte window in the upper
memory address range of D400 to E000. You should ensure this
does not conflict with any other device's memory address. J8
controls the memory address of the Flash disk.
DiskOnChip 2000 memory address (J8)
Memory address (HEX)
DISABLE
1 2 3 4
DC00
1 2 3 4
D400
1 2 3 4
D800*
1 2 3 4
* default
These addresses might conflict with the ROM BIOS of other
peripheral boards. Please select the appropriate memory address
to avoid memory conflicts.
Chapter 2 Installation 25
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select (J10, J9)
The SBC-770 COM2 serial port can be selected as RS-232, RS-422,
or RS-485 by setting J10 & J9.
COM2 Select (J10, J9)
RS-232*
J10
J9
12
9
6
3
5
RS-422
10
7
4
1
6
12
9
6
3
10
7
4
1
10
7
4
1
6
5
6
3
4
1
2
3
4
3
1
2
1
2
26 SBC-770 User Manual
12
9
6
3
5
4
*default
RS-485
Power connectors (PWR1, CN5)
Power connector (PWR1)
The power supply uses 12-pin connector shown below. Make sure
you plug in the right direction.
ATX power connector (PWR1)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Signal
N.C.
+5V
+12V
-12V
GND
GND
GND
GND
-5V
+5V
+5V
+5V
CPU fan power connector (CN5)
Plug in the fan cable to the 3-pin fan connector onboard. The fan
connector is marked CN5.
CPU fan power connector (CN5)
Pin
1
2
3
Signal
Fan speed sense
+12V
GND
Chapter 2 Installation 27
Power LED and Keylock (CN1)
You can use an LED to indicate when the CPU card is on. Pin1 of
CN1 supplies the LED’s power, and Pin3 is the ground.
You can use a switch (or a lock) to disable the keyboard so the PC
will not respond to any input. This is useful if you do not want
anyone to change or stop a running program. Connect the switch
between Pin 4 and 5 of CN1.
Power LED and keylock (CN1)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Function
LED power (Vcc)
N.C.
GND
Keyboard lock
GND
Hard drive LED (CN2)
You can connect an LED to CN2 to indicate when the HDD is
active.
Hard drive LED (CN2)
Pin
1
2
Function
HD-LED+
HD-LED-
28 SBC-770 User Manual
External speaker (CN3)
The CPU card has its own buzzer. You can also connect to the
external speaker on your computer chassis. Pin assignments for
CN3 are shown below:
External speaker (CN3)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Function
Vcc (For external speaker use)
Speaker- (For external speaker use)
Internal Buzzer *
Speaker- *
* default
External speaker (CN3)
Internal Buzzer
1
2
3
4
External Speaker
1
2
3
4
Reset switch (CN4)
You can connect an external switch to easily reset your computer.
This switch restarts your computer as if you had turned off the
power, then turned it back on.
Chapter 2 Installation 29
IDE hard drive connector (CN7, CN8)
You can attach up to four Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics
hard disk drives to the mainboard's internal controller. The
mainboard's IDE controller uses a PCI local-bus interface. This
advanced interface supports faster data transfer and allows the IDE
hard drive to exceed 528 MB.
Connecting the hard drive
Connecting drives is done in a daisy-chain fashion and requires
one of two cables, depending on the drive size.
Wire number 1 on the cable is normally red or blue, and the other
wires are usually gray.
1. Connect one end of the cable to CN7 or CN8. Make sure that
the red (or blue) wire corresponds to pin 1 on the connector,
which is labeled on the board (on the right side).
2. Plug the other end of the cable to the Enhanced IDE hard drive,
with pin 1 on the cable corresponding to pin 1 on the hard
drives. (see your hard drive's documentation for the location of
the connector).
Connect a second drive as described above.
Unlike floppy drives, IDE hard drives can connect to either end
of the cable. If you install two drives, you will need to set one
as the master and the other one as the slave by using jumpers
on the drives. If you install just one drive, set it as the master.
30 SBC-770 User Manual
IDE hard drive connectors (CN7, CN8)
IDE hard drive connectors (CN7, CN8)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
Signal
IDE RESET
DATA 7
DATA 6
DATA 5
DATA 4
DATA 3
DATA 2
DATA 1
DATA 0
SIGNAL GND
N/C
IO WRITE
IO READ
IO CHANNEL READY
N/C
IRQ14
ADDR 1
ADDR 0
HARD DISK SELECT 0
IDE ACTIVE
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
Signal
GND
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
N/C
GND
GND
GND
ALE
GND
IOCS16
N/C
ADDR 2
HARD DISK SELECT 1
MGND
Chapter 2 Installation 31
IrDA connector (CN9)
The IrDA connector (CN9) can be configured to support wireless
infrared module, with this module and application software such as
laplink or Win95 Direct Cable connection, user can transfer files to
or from laptops, notebooks, PDA, and printers. This connector
supports HPSIR (115.2Kbps, 2 meters), ASK-IR (56Kbps) and Fast
IR (4Mbps, 2 meters).
Install infrared module onto IrDA connector and enable infrared
function from BIOS setup. Make sure to have correct orentation
when you plug onto IrDA connector (CN9).
IrDA connector (CN9)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
Vcc
FIrRx
IrRx
GND
IrTx
CIrRx
32 SBC-770 User Manual
Parallel port connector (CN10)
Normally, the parallel port is used to connect the board to a
printer. The mainboard includes an onboard parallel port, accessed
through CN10, a 26-pin flat-cable connector. You need an adapter
cable if you use a traditional DB-25 connector. The cable has a 26pin connector on one end and a DB-25 connector on the other.
Parallel port IRQ
The mainbaord supports one parallel port. The port is designated
as LPT1 and can be disabled or changed to LPT2 or LPT3 in the
system BIOS setup.
Parallel port connector table (CN10)
Parallel port connector (CN10)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
Signal
/STROBE
DO
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
\ACK
BUST
PE
SLCT
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Signal
\AUTOFD
ERR
\INIT
\SLCTINI
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
N/C
Chapter 2 Installation 33
Floppy drive connector (CN12)
You can attach up to two floppy drives to the mainboard controller. You can use any combination of 5¼" (360 KB and 1.2 MB)
and/or 3½" (720 KB, 1.44 MB, and 2.88 MB) drives.
A 34-pin daisy-chain drive connector cable is required for a dualdrive system. On one end of the cable is a 34-pin flat-cable
connector. On the other end are two sets of floppy disk drive
connectors. Each set consists of a 34-pin flat-cable connector
(usually used for 3½" drives) and a printed-circuit board connector (usually used for 5¼" drives).
Wire number 1 on the cable is normally red or blue, and the other
wires are usually gray.
Connecting the floppy drive
1. Plug the 34-pin flat-cable connector into CN12. Make sure that
the red or blue wire corresponds to pin 1 on the connector.
2. Attach the appropriate connector on the other end of the cable
to the floppy drive(s). You can use only one connector in the
set. The set on the end (after the twist in the cable) connects to
the A: drive. The set in the middle connects to the B: drive.
3. If you are connecting a 5¼" floppy drive, line up the slot in the
printed circuit board with the blocked-off part of the cable
connector.
If you are connecting a 3½" floppy drive, you may have trouble
determining which pin is pin number 1. Look for a number
printed on the circuit board indicating pin number 1. Also,
the connector on the floppy drive connector may have a slot.
When the slot is up, pin number 1 should be on the right.
Check the documentation that came with the drive for more
information.
If you desire, connect the B: drive to the connectors in the
middle of the cable as described above.
34 SBC-770 User Manual
Floppy drive connector (CN12)
Floppy drive connector (CN12)
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
DENSITY SELECT
N/C
DRIVE TYPE
INDEX
MOTOR 0
DRIVE SELECT 1
DRIVE SELECT 2
MOTOR 1
DIRECTION
STEP
WRITE DATA
WRITE GATE
TRACK 0
WRITE PROTECT
READ DATA
HEAD DELECT
DISK CHANGE
Chapter 2 Installation 35
USB connector (CN14)
The SBC-770 provides two USB (Universal Serial Bus) interfaces,
which give complete plug and play, hot attach/detach for up to 127
external devices. The USB interfaces comply with USB specification Rev. 1.0, and can be disabled in the system BIOS setup.
USB connector (CN14)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Vcc
USBDOUSBDO+
GND
GND
36 SBC-770 User Manual
Pin
6
7
8
9
10
Function
Vcc
USBD1USBD1+
GND
N.C.
Display connectors (CN15, CN6)
The mainboard's PCI SVGA interface can drive conventional CRT
displays and is capable of driving a wide range of flat panel
displays, including electroluminescent (EL), gas plasma, passive
LCD, and active LCD displays. The board has two connectors to
support these displays, one for standard CRT VGA monitors and
one for flat panel displays.
VGA display connector (CN15)
VGA display connector (CN15)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Signal
Red video
Green video
Blue video
Not used
GND
Red return (GND)
Green return (GND)
Blue return (GND)
Key (on pin)
Sync return (GND)
Monitor ID (not used)
Monitor ID
Horizontal sync
Vertical sync
Not used
Chapter 2 Installation 37
LCD display connector (CN6)
CN6 is a 50-pin, dual-in-line header used for flat panel displays.
When the mainboard's power is applied, the control signal is low
until just after the relevant flat panel signals are present.
Configuration of the VGA interface is done completely via the
software utility. You do not have to set any jumpers.
LCD display connector (CN6)
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
Signal
+12 VDC
GND
+5 VDC
ENAVEE
P0
P2
P4
P6
P8
P10
P12
P14
P16
P18
P20
P22
P24
SHF CLK
M
GND
P26
P28
P30
P32
P34
38 SBC-770 User Manual
Pin Signal
2
+12 VDC
4
GND
6
+5 VDC
8
GND
10 P1
12 P3
14 P5
16 P7
18 P9
20 P11
22 P13
24 P15
26 P17
28 P19
30 P21
32 P23
34 P25
36 FLM (V SYS)
38 LP (H SYS)
40 ENABKL
42 P27
44 P29
46 P31
48 P33
50 P35
Serial ports (CN16, CN11)
The SBC-770 offers two serial ports, one RS-232 (CN16) and one
RS-232/422/485 (CN11). These ports allow you to connect them to
serial devices (mouse, printers, etc.).
COM2 RS-232/422/485 serial ports (CN11)
COM2 RS-232/422/485 serial port (CN11)
PIN
COM2 1
2
3
4
5
SIGNAL
DCDB
(422TXD-/485DATA-)
RXDB
(422TXD+/485DATA+)
TXDB
(422RXD+)
DTRB
(422RXD-)
GND
PIN
6
SIGNAL
DSRB
7
RTSB
8
CTSB
9
RIB
10
N.C.
100Base-Tx Ethernet connector
(CN17)
This 100Base-Tx Ethernet connector CN17 is a standard RJ-45
connector.
The onboard Realtek RTL8139B fast Ethernet controller supports
10Mb/s and 100 Mb/s N-way auto-negotiation operation.
Chapter 2 Installation 39
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector
(CN18, CN13)
The mainboard provides a keyboard connector which supports
both a keyboard and a PS/2 style mouse. In most cases, especially
in embedded applications, a keyboard is not used. The standard
PC/AT BIOS will report an error or fail during power-on-self-test
(POST) after a reset if the keyboard is not present. The mainboard BIOS Advanced setup menu allows you to select "Present"
or "Absent" under the "System Keyboard" section. This allows
no-keyboard operation in embedded system applications without
the system halting under POST (power-on-self-test).
Keyboard and PS/2 mouse connector (CN18)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
KB DATA
MS DATA
GND
Vcc
KB CLOCK
MS CLOCK
Internal keyboard connector (CN13)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Signal
KB CLOCK
KB DATA
N.C.
GND
Vcc
40 SBC-770 User Manual
DiskOnChip socket (U34)
The DiskOnChip 2000 family of products provides a single chip
solid-state flash disk in a standard 32-pin DIP package. The
DiskOnChip 2000 is a solid-state disk with no moving parts,
resulting in a significant reduction in power consumption and an
increase in reliability. The DiskOnChip is a small plug and play
Flash disk. It is easy to use. And it saves integration overhead.
The DiskOnChip 2000 family of products is available in capacities
ranging from 2MB up to 144MB, unformatted. In order to manage
the disk, the DiskOnChip 2000 includes the TrueFFS, M-Systems
Flash File System proprietary software. The DiskOnChip 2000
package is pin-to-pin compatible with a standard 32-pin EPROM
device.
OE /
pin
Name
Descr iption
Pin N umber
Dir ection
A0-A12
Addr ess bus
4- 12,23,25-27
Inputs
A13-A16
Addr ess bus
2,3,28,29
Inputs
D0- D7
Data bus
13- 15,17-21
I/O
CE/
C hip Enable
22
Input
OE/
Output Enable
24
Input
WE/
Wr ite Enable
31
Input
NC
Not connected
1.30
VCC
Pow er
32
GND
Ground
16
Note
1
2
Note 1: Pins A13 through A16 are not used
by the MD2200. They are kept for socket
backward compatibility with ED 1100
(DiskOnChip 1000)
Note 2: Pins 1 and 30 are not used by
MD2200
Chapter 2 Installation 41
DiskOnChip (DOC) 2000 Installation
When the DOC is installed correctly, a DOC will work like an HDD
or an FDD. To install the DOC on the mainboard, follow the
instructions below:
1. Plug the DOC into the socket. Make sure pin 1 of the DOC is
aligned with pin 1 of the socket.
2. Push the DOC into the socket until it is firmly seated in the
socket.
Caution: the DOC may be permanently damage if it is installed
incorrectly.
3. Set the jumper for the memory address of the DOC.
Note:
The memory shadow function sometimes will create conflicts with
the memory window. You should disable the memory shadow from
the BIOS SETUP if the DOC cannot be accessed.
Configure DOC as a boot device
To configure a DOC as a boot drive, you should copy the operating
system files onto the DOC. The following procedure is an example
of the initialization process.
1. Install a DOC into your system.
2. Insert a bootable floppy disk in drive A: and boot the system.
3. At the DOS prompt, type SYS C: to transfer the DOS system
files to the DOC (assuming the DiskOnChip is installed as drive
C:). Reboot the system.
4. Go to the BIOS Setup Utility by hitting the <DEL> key. Set the
type of Primary Master or C: Drive as Not Installed.
5. Remove the floppy disk from the drive A: and leave the BIOS
Setup Utility. The system should boot from the DOC.
42 SBC-770 User Manual
CHAPTER
3
Award BIOS Setup
This chapter describes how to configure
the BIOS for the system.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
43
Starting setup
The Award BIOS is immediately activated when you first turn on
the computer. The BIOS reads system configuration information in
CMOS RAM and begins the process of checking out the system
and configuring it through the power-on self test (POST).
When these preliminaries are finished, the BIOS seeks an operating
system on one of the data storage devices (hard drive, floppy
drive, etc.). The BIOS launches the operating system and hands
control of system operations to it.
During POST, you can start the Setup program in one of two ways:
1.By pressing Del immediately after switching the system on, or
2.By pressing Del or pressing Ctrl-Alt-Esc when the following
message appears briefly at the bottom of the screen during POST:
TO ENTER SETUP BEFORE BOOT PRESS DEL KEY
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to
enter Setup, restart the system to try again by turning it OFF then
ON or pressing the RESET button on the system case. You may
also restart by simultaneously pressing Ctr-Alt-Del. If you do not
press the keys at the correct time and the system does not boot, an
error message appears and you are again asked to
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, DEL TO ENTER SETUP
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SBC-770 User Manual
Setup keys
These keys helps you navigate in Setup:
Up arrow
Down arrow
Left arrow
Right arrow
Esc
PgDn/+
PgDn/F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
Move to previous item
Move to next item
Move to the item in the left hand
Move to the item in the right hand
Main Menu: Quit and not save changes into
CMOS RAM
Other pages: Exit current page and return to
Main Menu
Increase the numeric value or make
changes
Decrease the numeric value or make
changes
General help, only for Status Page Setup
Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to
select color forward, Shift-F2 to select color
backward
Calendar, only for Status Page Setup Menu
Reserved
Restore the previous CMOS value from
CMOS, only for Option Page Setup Menu
Load the default CMOS RAM value from
BIOS default table, only for Option Page
Setup Menu
Load the default
Reserved
Reserved
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main
Menu
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
45
Getting help
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the
appropriate keys to use and the possible selections for the
highlighted item. To exit the Help Window press Esc or the F1
key again.
In Case of Problems
If, after making and saving system changes with Setup, you
discover that your computer no longer is able to boot, the AwardBIOS supports an override to the CMOS settings that resets your
system to its default configuration.
You can invoke this override by immediately pressing Insert; when
you restart your computer. You can restart by either using the ON/
OFF switch, the RESET button or by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Delete.
The best advice is to alter only settings that you thoroughly
understand. In particular, do not change settings in the Chipset
screen without a good reason. The Chipset defaults have been
carefully chosen by Award Software or your system manufacturer
for the best performance and reliability. Even a seemingly small
change to the Chipset setup may causing the system to become
unstable.
46
SBC-770 User Manual
Main setup Menu
Standard CMOS
Options in the original PC AT-compatible
BIOS.
BIOS Features
Award Software enhanced BIOS options.
Chipset Features Options specific to your system chipset.
Power
Advanced Power Management (APM)
Management
options.
PnP/PCI
Plug and Play standard and PCI Local Bus
Configuration
configuration options.
Integrated
I/O subsystems that depend on the intePeripherals
grated peripherals controller in your
system.
Supervisor/User Change, set, or disable a password. In
Password Setting BIOS versions that allow separate user and
supervisor passwords, only the supervisor
password permits access to Setup. The
user password generally allows only
power-on access.
IDE HDD Auto
Automatically detect and configure IDE hard
Detection
disk parameters.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
47
Load BIOS
Defaults
Load Setup
Defaults
Save & Exit
Setup
Exit Without
Save
48
SBC-770 User Manual
BIOS defaults are factory settings for the
most stable, minimal-performance system
operations.
Setup defaults are factory settings for
optimal-performance system operations.
Save settings in nonvolatile CMOS
RAM and exit Setup.
Abandon all changes and exit Setup.
Standard CMOS setup
When you choose the STANDARD CMOS SETUP option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
49
This standard setup menu allows users to configure system
components such as the date, time, hard disk drive, floppy drive,
display, and memory. Online help for each field can be accessed by
pressing F1.
Date and Time Configuration
The BIOS determines the day of the week from the other date
information. This field is for information only.
Press the left or right arrow key to move to the desired field (date,
month, year). Press the PgUp/- or PgDn/+ key to increment the
setting, or type the desired value into the field.
The time format is based on the 24-hour military-time clock. For
example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00. Press the left or right arrow key to move
to the desired field. Press the PgUp/- or PgDn/+ key to increment
the setting, or type the desired value into the field.
HARD DISKS
The BIOS supports up to four IDE drives. This section does not
show information about other IDE devices, such as a CD-ROM
drive, or about other hard drive types, such as SCSI drives.
NOTE: We recommend that you select type AUTO for all drives.
The BIOS can automatically detect the specifications and optimal
operating mode of almost all IDE hard drives. When you select
type AUTO for a hard drive, the BIOS detects its specifications
during POST, every time the system boots.
If you do not want to select drive type AUTO, other methods of
50
SBC-770 User Manual
selecting the drive type are available:
1.Match the specifications of your installed IDE hard drive(s) with
the preprogrammed values for drive types 1 through 45.
2.Select USER and enter values into each drive parameter field.
3.Use the IDE HDD AUTO DECTECTION function in Setup.
Here is a brief explanation of drive specifications:
•Type: The BIOS contains a table of pre-defined drive types. Each
defined drive type has a specified number of cylinders,
number of heads, write precompensation factor, landing
zone, and number of sectors. Drives whose specifications
do not accommodate any pre-defined type are classified as
type USER.
•Size: Disk drive capacity (approximate). Note that this size is
usually slightly greater than the size of a formatted disk
given by a disk-checking program.
• Cyls: Number of cylinders
• Head: Number of heads
• Precomp: Write precompensation cylinder
• Landz: Landing zone
• Sector: Number of sectors
• Mode: Auto, Normal, large, or LBA
- Auto: The BIOS automatically determines the optimal mode.
- Normal: Maximum number of cylinders, heads, and sectors
supported are 1024, 16, and 63.
- Large: For drives that do not support LBA and have more than
1024 cylinders.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
51
- LBA (Logical Block Addressing): During drive accesses, the
IDE controller transforms the data address described by
sector, head, and cylinder number into a physical block
address, significantly improving data transfer rates. For
drives with greater than 1024 cylinders.
Drive A
Drive B
Select the correct specifications for the diskette drive(s) installed in
the computer.
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
No diskette drive installed
5-1/4 inch PC-type standard drive; 360
kilobyte capacity
5-1/4 inch AT-type high-density drive; 1.2
megabyte capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 720 kilobyte
capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 1.44 mega
byte capacity
3-1/2 inch double-sided drive; 2.88 mega
byte capacity
LCD & CRT
This field may appear as an alternative to the Video field. Select
your video display device:
LCD
CRT
Both
52
SBC-770 User Manual
Liquid crystal display
Auxiliary monitor
Display on both devices
Pannel:
This selection item allows user to select LCD BIOS to match the
LCD types. There are eight LCD types available for users to select
as their LCD display modes as below:
Brand name
Model name
Format
Sharp
LX 15X 80
1024 x 768 DSTN
Sharp
LM 64183P
640 x 480 MONO
Sharp
LM 64C 35P
640 x 480 DSTN
Sharp
LM 12S 40
800 x 600 DSTN
NEC
NL 6448AC33-10
640 x 480 TFT (12 bits)
LTM 10C209A
640 x 480 (18 bits) TFT
NEC
NL 8060AC26-04
800 x 600 TFT
Sharp
14x03
1024x768 TFT (36 bits)
Toshiba
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
53
Halt On
During the power-on-self-test (POST), the computer stops if the
BIOS detects a hardware error. You can tell the BIOS to ignore
certain errors during POST and continue the boot-up process.
These are the selections:
• No errors: POST does not stop for any errors.
• All errorsIf: the BIOS detects any non-fatal error, POST stops
and prompts you to take corrective action.
• All, But Keyboard: POST does not stop for a keyboard error, but
stops for all other errors.All, But DiskettePOST does not stop for
diskette drive errors, but stops for all other errors.
• All, But Disk/Key: POST does not stop for a keyboard or disk
error, but stops for all other errors.
Memory
You cannot change any values in the Memory fields; they are only
for your information. The fields show the total installed random
access memory (RAM) and amounts allocated to base memory,
extended memory, and other (high) memory. RAM is counted in
kilobytes (KB: approximately one thousand bytes) and megabytes
(MB: approximately one million bytes).
RAM is the computer's working memory, where the computer
stores programs and data currently being used, so they are
accessible to the CPU. Modern personal computers may contain up
to 64 MB, 128 MB, or more.
•Base Memory
Typically 640 KB. Also called conventional memory. The DOS
operating system and conventional applications use this area.
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SBC-770 User Manual
•Extended Memory
Above the 1-MB boundary. Early IBM personal computers could
not use memory above 1 MB, but current PCs and their software
can use extended memory.
•Other Memory
Between 640 KB and 1 MB; often called High memory. DOS may
load terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs, such as device
drivers, in this area, to free as much conventional memory as
possible for applications. Lines in your CONFIG.SYS file that start
with LOADHIGH load programs into high memory.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
55
BIOS features setup
By choosing the BIOS FEATURES SETUP option from the INITIAL
SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
56
SBC-770 User Manual
The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
Virus Warning
When enabled, you receive a warning message if a program
(specifically, a virus) attempts to write to the boot sector or the
partition table of the hard disk drive. You should then run an antivirus program. Keep in mind that this feature protects only the boot
sector, not the entire hard drive.
NOTE: Many disk diagnostic programs that access the boot
sector table can trigger the virus warning message. If you plan to
run such a program, we recommend that you first disable the virus
warning.
CPU Internal Cache/External Cache
Cache memory is additional memory that is much faster than
conventional DRAM (system memory). CPUs from 486-type and up
contain internal cache memory, and most, but not all, modern PCs
have additional (external) cache memory. When the CPU requests
data, the system transfers the requested data from the main DRAM
into cache memory, for even faster access by the CPU.
The External Cache field may not appear if your system does not
have external cache memory.
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking
When you select Enabled, memory checking is enable when the
external cache contains ECC SRAMs.
Quick Power On Self Test
Select Enabled to reduce the amount of time required to run the
power-on-self-test (POST). A quick POST skips certain steps. We
recommend that you normally disable quick POST. Better to find a
problem during POST than lose data during your work.
Chapter 3 Award BIOS Setup
57
Boot Sequence
The original IBM PCs loaded the DOS operating system from drive
A (floppy disk), so IBM PC-compatible systems are designed to
search for an operating system first on drive A, and then on drive C
(hard disk). However, the BIOS now offers many boot sequence
options.
Swap Floppy Drive
This field is effective only in systems with two floppy drives.
Selecting enabled assigns physical drive B to logical drive A, and
physical drive A to logical drive B.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When Enabled, the BIOS tests (seeks) floppy drives to determine
whether they have 40 or 80 tracks. Only 360-KB floppy drives have
40 tracks; drives with 720 KB, 1.2 MB, and 1.44 MB capacity all
have 80 tracks. Because very few modern PCs have 40-track floppy
drives, we recommend that you set this field to Disabled to save
time.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Toggle between On or Off to control the state of the NumLock key
when the system boots. When toggled On, the numeric keypad
generates numbers instead of controlling cursor operations.
Gate A20 Option
Gate A20 refers to the way the system addresses memory above 1
MB (extended memory). When set to Fast, the system chipset
controls Gate A20. When set to Normal, a pin in the keyboard
controller controls Gate A20. Setting Gate A20 to Fast improves
system speed, particularly with OS/2 and Windows.
Security Option
If you have set a password, select whether the password is
required every time the System boots, or only when you enter
Setup.
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SBC-770 User Manual
PS/2 Mouse Function Control
If your system has a PS/2 mouse port and you install a serial
pointing device, select Disabled.
Shadow
Software that resides in a read-only memory (ROM) chip on a
device is called firmware. The AwardBIOS permits shadowing of
firmware such as the system BIOS, video BIOS, and similar operating instructions that come with some expansion peripherals, such
as, for example, a SCSI adaptor.
Shadowing copies firmware from ROM into system RAM, where
the CPU can read it through the 16-bit or 32-bit DRAM bus.
Firmware not shadowed must be read by the system through the 8bit X-bus. Shadowing improves the performance of the system
BIOS and similar ROM firmware for expansion peripherals, but it
also reduces the amount of high memory (640 KB to 1 MB) available for loading device drivers, etc.
Enable shadowing into each section of memory separately. Many
system designers hardwire shadowing of the system BIOS and
eliminate a System BIOS Shadow option.
Video BIOS shadows into memory area C0000-C7FFF. The remaining areas shown on the BIOS Features Setup screen may be
occupied by other expansion card firmware. If an expansion
peripheral in your system contains ROM-based firmware, you need
to know the address range the ROM occupies to shadow it into the
correct area of RAM.
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CHIPSET features setup
By choosing the CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
This section allows you to configure the system based on the
specific features of the installed chipset. This chipset manages bus
speeds and access to system memory resources, such as SDRAM.
It also coordinates communications between the conventional ISA
bus and the PCI bus. It must be stated that these items should
never need to be altered. The default settings have been chosen
because they provide the best operating conditions for your
system. The only time you might consider making any changes
would be if you discovered that data was being lost while using
your system.
Because of the complexity and technical nature of some of the
options, not all of the options are described here.
SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay
This field lets you control the number of DCLKs between a Row
Activate command and a read or write command.
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
The precharge time is the number of cycles it takes for the RAS to
accumulate its charge before DRAM refresh. If insufficient time is
allowed, refresh may be incomplete and the DRAM may fail to
retain data. This field applies only if synchronous DRAM is
installed in the system.
SDRAM CAS Latency Time
When synchronous DRAM is installed, you can control the
number of CLKs between when the SDRAMs sample a read
command and when the contoller samples read data from the
SDRAMs. Do not reset this field from the default value specified
by the system designer.
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SDRAM Precharge Control
When Enabled, all CPU cycles to SDRAM result in an All Banks
Precharge Command on the SDRAM interface.
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
Select Non-ECC or ECC (error-correcting code), according to the
type of installed DRAM.
System BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at
F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system performance. However,
if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may
result.
Video BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS ROM at
C0000h to C7FFFh, resulting in better video performance. However,
if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may
result.
Video RAM Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video memory (RAM) at
A0000h to AFFFFh, resulting in better video performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a memory access error
may result.
8/16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
The I/O recovery mechanism adds bus clock cycles between PCIoriginated I/O cycles to the ISA bus. This delay takes place
because the PCI bus is so much faster than the ISA bus.
These two fields let you add recovery time (in bus clock cycles) for
16-bit and 8-bit I/O.
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Memory Hole at 15M-16M
You can reserve this area of system memory for ISA adapter ROM.
When this area is reserved, it cannot be cached. The user information of peripherals that need to use this area of system memory
usually discusses their memory requirements.
Passive Release
When Enabled, CPU to PCI bus accesses are allowed during
passive release. Otherwise, the arbiter only accepts another PCI
master access to local DRAM.
Delayed Transaction
The chipset has an embedded 32-bit posted write buffer to support
delay transactions cycles. Select Enabled to support compliance
with PCI specification version 2.1.
Auto Detect DIMM/PCI Clk
When the Auto Detect DIMM/PCI clk enable, the Utility will
automatically detect the DIMM/PCI clock in your system.
Spread Spectrum
When the system clock generator pulses, the extreme values of the
pulse generate excess EMI. Enabling pulse spectrum spread
modulation changes the extreme values from spikes to flat curves,
thus reducing EMI. This benefit may in some cases be outweighed
by problems with timing-critical devices, such as a clock-sensitive
SCSI device
IN0-IN6(V)
These fields display the current voltage of up to seven voltage
input lines, if your computer contains a monitoring system.
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Power management setup
By choosing the POWER MANAGEMENT option from the
INITIAL SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
Power Management
This option allows you to select the type (or degree) of power
saving for Doze, Standby, and Suspend modes.
This table describes each power management mode:
Max Saving
User Define
Min Saving
Maximum power savings. Only Available for
SL CPUs. Inactivity period is 1 minute in
each mode.
Set each mode individually. Select time-out
periods in the section for each mode,
below.
Minimum power savings. Inactivity period is
1 hour in each mode (except the hard
drive).
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PM Control by APM
If Advanced Power Management (APM) is installed on your
system, selecting Yes gives better power savings.
Video Off Method
Determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
V/H SYNC+Blank System turns off vertical and horizontal
synchronization ports and writes blanks to
the video buffer.
DPMS Support
Select this option if your monitor supports
the Display Power Management Signaling
(DPMS) standard of the Video Electronics
Standards Association (VESA). Use the
software supplied for your video subsystem
to select video power management values.
Blank Screen
System only writes blanks to the video
buffer.
Video Off After
As the system moves from lesser to greater power-saving modes,
select the mode in which you want the monitor to blank.
MODEM Use IRQ
Name the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the modem (if
any) on your system. Activity of the selected IRQ always awakens
the system.
Doze Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock
throttles to a small percentage of its duty cycle — between 10
percent and 25 percent for most chipsets. All other devices still
operate at full speed.
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Standby Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock stops,
the hard drive enters an idle state, and the L2 cache enters a powersave mode. All other devices still operate at full speed.
Suspend Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the chipset enters a
hardware suspend mode, stopping the CPU clock and possibly
causing other system devices to enter power management modes.
HDD Power Down
After the selected period of drive inactivity, any system IDE
devices compatible with the ATA-2 specification or later power
manage themselves, putting themselves into an idle state after the
specified timeout and then waking themselves up when accessed.
Throttle Duty Cycle
When the system enters Doze mode, the CPU clock runs only part
of the time. You may select the percent of time that the clock runs.
VGA Active Monitor
When Enabled, any video activity restarts the global timer for
Standby mode.
IRQ8 Break [Event From] Suspend
You can select Enabled or Disabled for monitoring of IRQ8 (the
Real Time Clock) so it does not awaken the system from Suspend
mode.
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Reload Global Timer Events
When Enabled, an event occurring on each device listed below
restarts the global timer for Standby mode.
IRQ3-7, 9-15, NMI
Primary IDE 0
Primary IDE 1
Secondary IDE 0
Secondary IDE 1
Floppy Disk
Serial Port
Parallel Port
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PNP/PCI configuration setup
By choosing the PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP option from
the initial SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULTS settings.
NOTE: This chapter describes all fields offered by Award Software
in this screen. Your system board designer may omit or modify
some fields.
PNP OS Installed
Select Yes if the system operating environment is Plug-and-Play
aware (e.g., Windows 95).
Resources Controlled By
The Plug and Play AwardBIOS can automatically configure all the
boot and Plug and Play-compatible devices. If you select Auto, all
the interrupt request (IRQ) and DMA assignment fields disappear,
as the BIOS automatically assigns them.
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset
Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if
you have installed a new add-on and the system reconfiguration
has caused such a serious conflict that the operating system
cannot boot.
IRQ n Assigned to
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system
interrupt as one of the following types, depending on the type of
device using the interrupt:
Legacy ISA Devices compliant with the original PC AT bus
specification, requiring a specific interrupt (such as IRQ4 for serial
port 1).
PCI/ISA PnP Devices compliant with the Plug and Play standard,
whether designed for PCI or ISA bus architecture.
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DMA n Assigned to
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system DMA
channel as one of the following types, depending on the type of
device using the interrupt:
Legacy ISA Devices compliant with the original PC AT bus
specification, requiring a specific DMA channel
PCI/ISA PnP Devices compliant with the Plug and Play standard,
whether designed for PCI or ISA bus architecture.
Assign IRQ for VGA
If you are not using your system's VGA controller, select Disabled
to free the IRQ resource.
Used Mem base addr
Select a base address for the memory area used by any peripheral
that requires high memory.
Assign IRQ for USB
Select Enabled if your system has a USB controller and you have
one or more USB devices connected. If you are not using your
system’s USB controller, select Disabled to free the IRQ resource.
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Load BIOS defaults/Load setup
defaults
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS loads the default system values directly
from ROM. The BIOS DEFAULTS provides the most stable
settings, though they do not provide optimal performance. LOAD
SETUP DEFAULTS, on the other hand, provides for maximum
system performance. If the stored record created by the setup
utility becomes corrupted (and therefore unusable), BIOS defaults
will load automatically when you turn the system on.
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Integrated peripherals setup
By choosing the INTEGRATD PERIPHERALS option from the
initial SETUP SCREEN menu, the screen below is displayed.
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The displayed configuration is based on the manufacturer's SETUP
DEFAULSTS settings.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Select Enabled only if your hard drives support block mode.
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a
PIO mode (0-4) for each of up to four IDE devices that the internal
PCI IDE interface supports. Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system automatically determines the best mode for each device.
IDE Primary /Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol that utilizes
ATA commands and the ATA bus to allow DMA commands to
transfer data at a maximum burst rate of 33 MB/s. When you select
Auto in the four IDE UDMA fields (for each of up to four IDE
devices that the internal PCI IDE interface supports), the system
automatically determines the optimal data transfer rate for each IDE
device.
On-Chip PCI IDE Primary/Secondary
The system chipset contains a PCI IDE interface with support for
two IDE channels. Select Enabled to activate the primary and/or
secondary IDE interface. Select Disabled to deactivate this interface, if you install a primary and/or secondary add-in IDE interface.
USB Keyboard Support
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus
(USB) controller and you have a USB keyboard.
Onboard FDC Controller
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Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC)
installed on the system board and you wish to use it. If you install
an add-in FDC or the system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in
this field.
Onboard Serial Ports (1, 2)
Select a logical COM port address for the first and second serial
ports.
RxD, TxD Active
Consult your IR peripheral documentation to select the correct
setting of the TxD and RxD signals.
ECP Mode Use DMA
Select a DMA channel for the port.
EPP Mode select
Select EPP port type 1.7 or 1.9.
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Supervisor/User password setting
You can set either SUPERVISOR or USER PASSWORD, or both of
them. The difference between the two is that the supervisor
password allows unrestricted access to enter and change the
options of the setup menus, while the user password only allows
entry to the program, but not modify options.
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When you select this function, a message appears at the center of
the screen:
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters, and press Enter. Typing
a password clears any previously entered password from CMOS
memory.
Now the message changes:
CONFIRM PASSWORD:
Again, type the password and press Enter.
To abort the process at any time, press Esc.
In the Security Option item in the BIOS Features Setup screen,
select System or Setup:
System Enter a password each time the system boots and when
ever you enter Setup.
Setup
Enter a password when ever you enter Setup.
NOTE: To clear the password, simply press Enter when asked to
enter a password. Then the password function is disabled.
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IDE HDD auto detection
The IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION utility can automatically detect
the IDE hard disk installed in your system. You can use it to selfdetect and/or correct the hard disk type configuration. You need to
repeat the setup for each of the IDE combinations:
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Save & exit setup
If you select this option and press <ENTER>, the values entered in
the setup utility will be recorded in the chipset's CMOS memory.
The microprocessor will check this every time you turn your
system on and compare this to what it finds as it checks the
system. This record is required for the system to operate.
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CHAPTER
4
Flat Panel/CRT
Controller Display
Drivers and Utilities
This chapter provides information about:
• Driver types and installation
Chapter 4 Driver Installation
81
Software drivers
This chapter describes the operation and installation of the display
drivers supplied on the Supporting CD-ROM that are shipped with
your product.
The onboard VGA adapter is based on the CHIPS VGA Flat Panel/CRT
controller and is fully IBM VGA compatible. This controller offers a
large set of extended functions and higher resolutions. If you intend to
use your VGA adapter in standard VGA modes only, you do not need
to install any of these drivers. Since your VGA adapter is fully compatible, it does not require any special drivers to operate in standard
modes.
The purpose of the enclosed software drivers is to take advantage of
the extended features of the CHIPS VGA Flat Panel/CRT controller.
Hardware configuration
Some of the high-resolution drivers provided in this package will work
only in certain system configurations. If a driver does not display
correctly, try the following:
1. Change the display controller to CRT-only mode, rather than flat
panel or simultaneous display mode. Some high-resolution drivers
will display correctly only in CRT mode.
2. If a high-resolution mode is not supported on your system, try
using a lower-resolution mode. For example, 1024 x 768 mode will
not work on some systems, but 800 x 600 mode is supported on
most.
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Necessary prerequisites
The instructions in this manual assume that you understand elementary concepts of MS-DOS and the IBM Personal Computer. Before you
attempt to install any driver or utility, you should:
• Know how to copy files from a CD-ROM to a directory on the hard
disk
• Understand the MS-DOS directory structure
If you are uncertain about any of these concepts, please refer to the
DOS or OS/2 user reference guides for more information before you
proceed with the installation.
Before you begin
Make sure you know the version of the application for which you are
installing drivers. The Supporting CD-ROM contain drivers for several
versions of certain applications. For your driver to operate properly,
you must install the driver for your version of the application program.
Chapter 4 Driver Installation
83
Windows® 95
These drivers are designed to work with MicrosoftÒ WindowsÒ . You
just install these drivers through the WindowsÒ operating system.
Driver installation
1. Install WindowsÒ 95 as you normally would for a VGA display.
Click the Start button, go to Settings and click on Control
Panel. Choose the Display icon and double click on the icon. In
the Display Properties window, show as figure 1:
figure 1
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Click the setting buttom, then click the Advanced Properties icon
into the Advanced Display properties windows, show as figure2:
figure 2
Chapter 4 Driver Installation
85
click on Change Display Type. In the Change Display Type
window, click on the Change button under Adapter Type into the
select Device window show as figure(3):This will bring up the
Select Device window.
figure 3
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2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM in your CD-ROM drive.
figure 4
In the Select Device window, click on Have Disk, Select Browse,
and find the Win95 driver "chips95.inf" in the Supporting CDROM with the following path, and then click OK.
cd-rom: \CD-ROM\model name\driver\vga driver\win95\
"cd-rom:": the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name": the model number of your product
Chapter 4 Driver Installation
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The name of the Chips And Techn "69000 PCI " driver will
appear highlighted in the Models list boxfhow as figure. Click
OK to start the driver installation show as figure 6:
figure 6
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3. Once the installation is complete, the Advanced display Properties window will reappear. Show as figure (7):
figure 7
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Click on close to close the window. Then the Display Properties
window will reappear. Show as figure (8):
figure 8
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Click on Apply. Restart the system for the new settings to take
effect, show as figure (9):
figure 9
Chapter 4 Driver Installation
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Windows® NT 3.51
These drivers are designed to work with MicrosoftÒ WindowsÒ .
Driver installation
1. Install WindowsÒ NT 3.51 as you normally would for a VGA
display. Click the Star buttom, go to Settings and click on Control
Panel icon. Then choose the Display and double click on the icon.
In the Display Properties window, click the Setting buttom, then
click the Display Type buttom into the Display Type windows, then
click on Change buttom from the Adapter Type icon. And click on
Have Disk buttom in the change display window.
2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive.
and type:
cd-rom: \CD ROM\model name\drive\vga drive\
win98 nt\windows.nt\nt35\Oemsetup.inf
"cd-rom:": the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name": the model number of your product
Select the adapter "Chips and Tech 69000PCI" and click OK.
Click on Install to install the selected driver. Once the installation is
complete, shut down and restart the system.
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Windows® NT 4.0
Driver installation
1. Install WindowsÒ NT 4.0 as you normally would for a VGA
display. Click the Star buttom, go to Settings and click on Control
Panel icon. Then choose the Display and double click on the icon.
In the Display Properties window, click the Setting buttom, then
click the Display Type buttom into the Display Type windows, then
click on Change buttom from the Adapter Type icon. And click on
Have Disk buttom in the change display window.
2. Place the Supporting CD-ROM into your CD-ROM dirve. In the
Select Device window, click on Have Disk, select "Browse" and
find the NT 4.0 driver from:
cd-rom : \CD ROM\model name\dirver\vga driver\
win98 nt\windows.nt\nt40\Oemsetup.inf
"cd-rom:": the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive
"model name": the model number of your product
and then click OK. The name of the Chips and Technologies, Inc.
Video Controller driver will appear highlighted in the Modules list
box. Select Chips and Tech. 69000 and Click OK. Click OK to start
the driver installation.
3. Once the installation is complete, the Change Display Type window
will reappear. Click on close to close the window. Then the
Display Properties window will reappear. Click on Apply. Restart
the system for the new settings to take effect.
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C H A P T E R
5
Ethernet Software
Configuration
This chapter describes how to configure
the Etherent Card to match your application requirements.
Chapter 5 Software Configuration
95
Ethernet software configuration
The onboard Ethernet interface supports all major network
operating systems. I/O addresses and interrupts are easily
configured via the Award BIOS Setup. To configure the
medium type, to view the current configuration, or to run
diagnostics, please refer to the following instruction:
1. Power the mainboard on. Ensure that the RSET8139.EXE file
is located in the working drive.
2. At the prompt, type RSET8139.EXE and press <ENTER>.
The Ethernet configuration program will then be displayed.
3. This simple screen shows all the available options for the
Ethernet interface. Just highlight the option you wish to
change by using the Up and DOWN keys. To change a
selected item, press <ENTER>, and a screen will appear with
the available options. Highlight your option and press
<ENTER>. Each highlighted option has a helpful message
guide displayed at the bottom of the screen for additional
information.
4. After you have made your selections and the configuration
is what you want, press <ESC>. A prompt will appear
asking if you want to save the configuration. Press "Y" if
you want to save.
The Ethernet Setup Menu also offers three very useful diagnostic functions. These are:
1. Run EEPROM test
2. Run Diagnostics on Board
3. Run Diagnostics on Network
Each option has its own display screen which shows the format
and result of any diagnostic tests undertaken.
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APPENDIX
A
Programming the
Watchdog Timer
The mainboard is equipped with a
watchdog timer that resets the CPU or
generates an interrupt if processing comes
to a standstill for whatever reason. This
feature ensures system reliability in
industrial stand-alone and unmanned
environments.
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
97
Programming the watchdog timer
How to program the WATCHDOG TIMER
1. To set the time-out interval of watchdog timer:
-- output the desired value to port 0x443. Since the data is of 1
byte, the maximum value will be 255. In our design 2 ~ 255 will
denote 2 ~ 255 sec.
outportb(0x443, 30); // set watchdog to 30 seconds
2. To set the time-out event:
-- output data to prot 0x444,
• 0: reset system
• 1, 2, 3: IRQ 10, 15, 11 respectively
• 4: NMI
e.g.
outportb(0x444, 0); // set time-out event to reset-system
3. To disable watchdog timer:
-- output value 0 to port 0x443
outportb(0x443, 0); // disable watchdog timer
4. To ebable or refresh watchdog timer(the watchdog timer will
return to its initial value, then count down):
-- access the I/O port 0x443, e.g.
outportb(0x443, data); // refresh watchdog timer
* note: if you want to refresh the watchdog timer, you have to
disable it first.
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Demo program
outportb(0x444, 0):
// set time-out event to reset-system
outportb(0x443x 10);
// set time-out interval to 10 seconds
customer_job();
// execute your job here, be sure your
job will finished within 10 seconds
outportb(0x443, 0);
// refresh watchdog timer, otherwise
the system will reset after time-out
outputb(0x443, 20);
// set time-out interval to 20 seconds
another_job();
// another job finished in 20 seconds
outportb(0x443, 0)
// disable watchdog timer
...
...
Appendix A Programming the Watchdog Timer
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