Miller Electric Blue Star 6000 Owner`s manual

OM-488
495 371B
January 2000
Processes
Stick (SMAW) Welding
Description
Engine Driven Welding Generator
Blue Star 6000
(Honda-Powered)
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now
you can get the job done and get it done right. We know
you don’t have time to do it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc
welders in 1929, he made sure his products offered
long-lasting value and superior quality. Like you, his
customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller products
had to be more than the best they could be. They had to
be the best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They will
help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite. We’ve
made installation and operation quick and easy.
With Miller you can count on years of reliable
service with proper maintenance. And if for
some reason the unit needs repair, there’s a
Troubleshooting section that will help you
Miller is the first welding figure out what the problem is. The parts list
equipment manufacturer in will then help you to decide which exact part
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001 Quality System you may need to fix the problem. Warranty and
Standard.
service information for your particular model
are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor
to receive the latest full line catalog or
individual catalog sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor call 1-800-4-A-Miller.
Working as hard as you do
– every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
Miller offers a Technical
Manual which provides
more detailed service and
parts information for your
unit. To obtain a Technical
Manual, contact your local
distributor. Your distributor
can also supply you with
Welding Process Manuals
such as SMAW, GTAW,
GMAW, and GMAW-P.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WARNING
This product, when used
for welding or cutting,
produces fumes or
gases which contain
chemicals known to the
State of California to
cause birth defects and,
in some cases, cancer.
(California Health &
Safety Code Section
25249.5 et seq.)
WARNING
Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories
contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals
known to the State of
California to cause
cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive
harm. Wash hands after
handling.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from
this product contains
chemicals known to the
State of California to
cause cancer, birth
defects, or other
reproductive harm.
The following terms are
used interchangeably
throughout this manual:
TIG = GTAW
Stick = SMAW
MIG = GMAW
SECTION 1 – SAFETY PRECAUTIONS – READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Engine Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. Additional Symbols for Installation, Operation, and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 1 – CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ – LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Signification des symboles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Dangers existant en relation avec le moteur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement
et la maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 – DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 – SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. Weld, Power, and Engine Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2. Dimensions, Weights, and Operating Angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3. Fuel Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4. Duty Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5. Auxiliary Power Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 – INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Installing Welding Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Grounding Generator When Supplying Building Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Engine Prestart Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Connecting the Battery (Electric-Start Models Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Connecting to Weld Output Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. Selecting Weld Cable Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 – OPERATING THE WELDING GENERATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Controls (See Section 5-2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Description Of Controls (See Section 5-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 – OPERATING AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Optional Receptacle Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Optional Receptacle Panel Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 – MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-2. Maintenance Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3. Overload Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-4. Adjusting Engine Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 – TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 9 – ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 10 – AUXILIARY POWER GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 11 – STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 12 – PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
WARRANTY
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SECTION 1 – SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
rom _nd_11/98
1-1. Symbol Usage
Means Warning! Watch Out! There are possible hazards
with this procedure! The possible hazards are shown in
the adjoining symbols.
Marks a special safety message.
Means “Note”; not safety related.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! possible
ELECTRIC SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards.
Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions
to avoid the hazards.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual to
call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you see
the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions to
avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is only
a summary of the more complete safety information found in
the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and follow all
Safety Standards.
Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists after stopping
engine on inverters.
Stop engine on inverter and discharge input capacitors according
to instructions in Maintenance Section before touching any parts.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
Always verify the supply ground – check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first – double-check connections.
Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring –
replace cord immediately if damaged – bare wiring can kill.
Turn off all equipment when not in use.
Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
Do not drape cables over your body.
If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter to protect
your face and eyes from arc rays and sparks when welding or
watching (see ANSI Z49.1 and Z87.1 listed in Safety Standards).
Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash and
glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (wool and leather) and foot protection.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to remove
welding fumes and gases.
If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables, coatings,
cleaners, and degreasers.
Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while wearing an
air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals containing
these elements can give off toxic fumes if welded.
OM-488 Page 1
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
FLYING METAL can injure eyes.
Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
Shut off shielding gas supply when not in use.
Always ventilate confined spaces or use approved air-supplied respirator.
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
Allow cooling period before maintaining.
Wear protective gloves and clothing when
working on a hot engine.
Do not touch hot engine parts or just-welded
parts bare-handed.
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
MAGNETIC FIELDS can affect pacemakers.
Pacemaker wearers keep away.
Wearers should consult their doctor before
going near arc welding, gouging, or spot
welding operations.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
Never weld on a pressurized cylinder – explosion will result.
Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
1-3. Engine Hazards
FUEL can cause fire or explosion.
Stop engine and let it cool off before checking or
adding fuel.
Do not add fuel while smoking or if unit is near
any sparks or open flames.
Do not overfill tank – allow room for fuel to expand.
Do not spill fuel. If fuel is spilled, clean up before starting engine.
Dispose of rags in a fireproof container.
OM-488 Page 2
STEAM AND HOT COOLANT can burn.
If possible, check coolant level when engine is
cold to avoid scalding.
Always check coolant level at overflow tank, if
present on unit, instead of radiator (unless told
otherwise in maintenance section or engine
manual).
If the engine is warm, checking is needed, and
there is no overflow tank, follow the next two
statements.
Wear safety glasses and gloves and put a rag over radiator cap.
Turn cap slightly and let pressure escape slowly before completely
removing cap.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
Keep away from fans, belts, and rotors.
Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
Have only qualified people remove guards or covers for maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
To prevent accidental starting during servicing, disconnect
negative (–) battery cable from battery.
Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from moving
parts.
Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when servicing is
finished and before starting engine.
Before working on generator, remove spark plugs or injectors to
keep engine from kicking back or starting.
Block flywheel so that it will not turn while working on generator
components.
BATTERY ACID can BURN SKIN and
EYES.
Do not tip battery.
Replace damaged battery.
Flush eyes and skin immediately with water.
ENGINE EXHAUST GASES can kill.
Use equipment outside in open, well-ventilated
areas.
If used in a closed area, vent engine exhaust
outside and away from any building air intakes.
ENGINE HEAT can cause fire.
BATTERY EXPLOSION can BLIND.
Always wear a face shield, rubber gloves, and
protective clothing when working on a battery.
Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery cables or servicing battery.
Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles.
Observe correct polarity (+ and –) on batteries.
Disconnect negative (–) cable first and connect it last.
Do not locate unit on, over, or near combustible
surfaces or flammables.
Keep exhaust and exhaust pipes way from
flammables.
EXHAUST SPARKS can cause fire.
Do not let engine exhaust sparks cause fire.
Use approved engine exhaust spark arrestor in
required areas – see applicable codes.
1-4. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FALLING UNIT can cause injury.
Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, trailer, or any other
accessories.
Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are long enough to
extend beyond opposite side of unit.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING.
Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
FLYING SPARKS can cause injury.
Wear a face shield to protect eyes and face.
Shape tungsten electrode only on grinder with
proper guards in a safe location wearing proper
face, hand, and body protection.
Sparks can cause fires — keep flammables away.
Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
TILTING OF TRAILER can cause injury.
Use tongue jack or blocks to support weight.
Properly install welding generator onto trailer
according to instructions supplied with trailer.
OVERHEATING can damage motors.
Turn off or unplug equipment before starting or
stopping engine.
Do not let low voltage and frequency caused by
low engine speed damage electric motors.
Do not connect 50 or 60 Hertz motors to the 100 Hertz receptacle
where applicable.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
Use only genuine MILLER replacement parts.
Perform engine maintenance and service
according to this manual and the engine
manual.
OM-488 Page 3
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, American
Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society,
550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices For Occupation And Educational Eye And Face
Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards
Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting And Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from National
Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
1-6. EMF Information
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency
Electric And Magnetic Fields
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
Welding current, as it flows through welding cables, will cause electromagnetic fields. There has been and still is some concern about such
fields. However, after examining more than 500 studies spanning 17
years of research, a special blue ribbon committee of the National
Research Council concluded that: “The body of evidence, in the
committee’s judgment, has not demonstrated that exposure to powerfrequency electric and magnetic fields is a human-health hazard.”
However, studies are still going forth and evidence continues to be
examined. Until the final conclusions of the research are reached, you
may wish to minimize your exposure to electromagnetic fields when
welding or cutting.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
OM-488 Page 4
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from
operator as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as possible.
About Pacemakers:
Pacemaker wearers consult your doctor first. If cleared by your doctor,
then following the above procedures is recommended.
SECTION 1 – CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ – LIRE AVANT
UTILISATION
rom _nd_fre 11/98
1-1. Signification des symboles
Signifie Mise en garde ! Soyez vigilant ! Cette procédure
présente des risques de danger ! Ceux-ci sont identifiés
par des symboles adjacents aux directives.
Identifie un message de sécurité particulier.
Signifie NOTA ; n’est pas relatif à la sécurité.
Ce groupe de symboles signifie Mise en garde ! Soyez vigilant ! Il y a des
risques de danger reliés aux CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES, aux PIÈCES EN
MOUVEMENT et aux PIÈCES CHAUDES. Reportez-vous aux symboles
et aux directives ci-dessous afin de connaître les mesures à prendre pour
éviter tout danger.
1-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Les symboles présentés ci-après sont utilisés tout au long du
présent manuel pour attirer votre attention et identifier les risques de danger. Lorsque vous voyez un symbole, soyez
vigilant et suivez les directives mentionnées afin d’éviter tout
danger. Les consignes de sécurité présentées ci-après ne font
que résumer l’information contenue dans les normes de sécurité énumérées à la section 1-5. Veuillez lire et respecter toutes
ces normes de sécurité.
L’installation, l’utilisation, l’entretien et les réparations ne
doivent être confiés qu’à des personnes qualifiées.
Au cours de l’utilisation, tenir toute personne à l’écart et plus
particulièrement les enfants.
Une tension DC importante subsiste à l’intérieur
des onduleurs après avoir coupé l’alimentation.
Couper l’alimentation du poste et décharger les condensateurs d’entrée
comme indiqué dans la Section Maintenance avant de toucher des composants.
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent provoquer des brûlures dans les yeux et
sur la peau.
UN CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE peut tuer.
Un simple contact avec des pièces électriques peut
provoquer une électrocution ou des blessures graves.
L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous tension dès
que l’appareil est sur ON. Le circuit d’entrée et les circuits
internes de l’appareil sont également sous tension à ce
moment-là. En soudage semi-automatique ou automatique, le fil, le dévidoir, le
logement des galets d’entraînement et les pièces métalliques en contact avec
le fil de soudage sont sous tension. Des matériels mal installés ou mal mis à la
terre présentent un danger.
N’utiliser qu’un matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur-le-champ
les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil conformément à ce
manuel.
Porter un harnais de sécurité quand on travaille en hauteur.
Maintenir solidement en place tous les panneaux et capots.
Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métal-métal avec
la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible de la soudure.
Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le contact
avec tout objet métallique.
Le rayonnement de l’arc du procédé de soudage génère
des rayons visibles et invisibles intenses (ultraviolets et
infrarouges) susceptibles de provoquer des brûlures dans les yeux et sur la
peau. Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le soudage.
Ne jamais toucher les pièces électriques sous tension.
Porter des gants et des vêtements de protection secs ne comportant pas
de trous.
S’isoler de la pièce et de la terre au moyen de tapis ou d’autres moyens isolants suffisamment grands pour empêcher le contact physique éventuel
avec la pièce ou la terre.
Ne pas se servir de source électrique àcourant électrique dans les zones
humides, dans les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de tomber.
Se servir d’une source électrique àcourant électrique UNIQUEMENT si le
procédé de soudage le demande.
Si l’utilisation d’une source électrique àcourant électrique s’avère nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil en est équipé.
Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à l’installation,
à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Déverrouiller l’alimentation
selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir normes de sécurité).
Installer et mettre à la terre correctement cet appareil conformément à son
manuel d’utilisation et aux codes nationaux, provinciaux et municipaux.
Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation – Vérifier et s’assurer que
le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien raccordé à la borne de terre
du sectionneur ou que la fiche du cordon est raccordée à une prise
correctement mise à la terre.
En effectuant les raccordements d’entrée fixer d’abord le conducteur de
mise à la terre approprié et contre-vérifier les connexions.
Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation pour voir s’il n’est pas endommagé ou dénudé – remplacer le cordon immédiatement s’il est
endommagé – un câble dénudé peut provoquer une électrocution.
Mettre l’appareil hors tension quand on ne l’utilise pas.
Ne pas utiliser des câbles usés, endommagés, de grosseur insuffisante ou
mal épissés.
Ne pas enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement avec un
câble distinct – ne pas utiliser le connecteur de pièce ou le câble de retour.
Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce, la terre ou
une électrode provenant d’une autre machine.
Porter un casque de soudage muni d’un écran de filtre approprié pour protéger votre visage et vos yeux pendant le soudage ou pour regarder (voir
ANSI Z49.1 et Z87.1 énuméré dans les normes de sécurité).
Porter des protections approuvés pour les oreilles si le niveau sondre est
trop élevé.
Utiliser des écrans ou des barrières pour protéger des tiers de l’éclair et de
l’éblouissement; demander aux autres personnes de ne pas regarder l’arc.
Porter des vêtements de protection constitué dans une matière durable, résistant au feu (laine ou cuir) et une protection des pieds.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz. Leur inhalation
peut être dangereux pour votre santé.
Eloigner votre tête des fumées. Ne pas respirer les fumées.
À l’interieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser un échappement au niveau de
l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
Si la ventilation est insuffisante, utiliser un respirateur à alimentation d’air
homologué.
Lire les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux (MSDSs) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les consommables, les
revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
Travailler dans un espace fermé seulement s’il est bien ventilé ou en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Demander toujours à un surveillant
dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et des gaz de soudage
peuvent déplacer l’air et abaisser le niveau d’oxygène provoquant des
blessures ou des accidents mortels. S’assurer que l’air de respiration ne
présente aucun danger.
Ne pas souder dans des endroits situés à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de
l’arc peuvent réagir en présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement
toxiques et irritants.
Ne pas souder des métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que l’acier galvanisé, plaqué en plomb ou au cadmium à moins que le revêtement n’ait été
enlevé dans la zone de soudure, que l’endroit soit bien ventilé, et si nécessaire, en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Les revêtements et
tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent dégager des fumées
toxiques en cas de soudage.
OM-488 Page 5
LE SOUDAGE peut provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Le soudage effectué sur des conteneurs fermés tels que
des réservoirs, tambours ou des conduites peut provoquer
leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent être projetées de
l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, des pièces chaudes et des
équipements chauds peut provoquer des incendies et des brûlures. Le contact
accidentel de l’électrode avec des objets métalliques peut provoquer des
étincelles, une explosion, un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de
commencer le soudage, vérifier et s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de
danger.
Le soudage, l’écaillement, le passage de la pièce
à la brosse en fil de fer, et le meulage génèrent
des étincelles et des particules métalliques volantes. Pendant la période de refroidissement des soudures, elles risquent de projeter du laitier.
Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant d’effectuer des travaux d’entretien.
Porter des gants et des vêtements de protection pour
travailler sur un moteur chaud.
Ne pas toucher à mains nues les parties chaudes du moteur ni les pièces
récemment soudées.
LE BRUIT peut affecter l’ouïe.
Le bruit des processus et des équipements peut affecter
l’ouïe.
Fermer l’alimentation du gaz protecteur en cas de
non utilisation.
Veiller toujours à bien aérer les espaces confinés ou se servir d’un respirateur d’adduction d’air homologué.
Porter des protections approuvés pour les oreilles si
le niveau sondre est trop élevé.
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
affecter les stimulateurs cardiaques.
Porteurs de stimulateur cardiaque, restez à distance.
Les porteurs d’un stimulateur cardiaque doivent
d’abord consulter leur médecin avant de s’approcher
des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de gougeage ou
de soudage par points.
Si des BOUTEILLES sont endommagées, elles pourront exploser.
Des bouteilles de gaz protecteur contiennent du gaz sous
haute pression. Si une bouteille est endommagée, elle peut
exploser. Du fait que les bouteilles de gaz font normalement partie du procédé de soudage, les manipuler avec
précaution.
Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé d’une chaleur excessive, des
chocs mécaniques, du laitier, des flammes ouvertes, des étincelles et des
arcs.
Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire ou
dans un porte-bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou de se renverser.
Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres circuits
électriques.
Ne jamais placer une torche de soudage sur une bouteille à gaz.
Une électrode de soudage ne doit jamais entrer en contact avec une bouteille.
Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran facial.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ risquent de provoquer des blessures ou
même la mort.
Se protéger et d’autres personnes de la projection d’étincelles et de métal
chaud.
Ne pas souder dans un endroit là où des étincelles peuvent tomber sur des
substances inflammables.
Déplacer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de 10,7 m de
l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité les recouvrir soigneusement avec
des protections homologués.
Des étincelles et des matériaux chauds du soudage peuvent facilement
passer dans d’autres zones en traversant de petites fissures et des
ouvertures.
Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à proximité.
Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, plancher, paroi ou séparation peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que des réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été préparés
correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de sécurité).
Brancher le câble sur la pièce le plus près possible de la zone de soudage
pour éviter le transport du courant sur une longue distance par des chemins inconnus éventuels en provoquant des risques d’électrocution et
d’incendie.
Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porte-électrode ou couper le fil à la pointe de contact.
Porter des vêtements de protection dépourvus d’huile tels que des gants
en cuir, une chemise en matériau lourd, des pantalons sans revers, des
chaussures hautes et un couvre chef.
Avant de souder, retirer toute substance combustible de vos poches telles
qu’un allumeur au butane ou des allumettes.
DES PARTICULES VOLANTES
peuvent blesser les yeux.
DES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures graves.
Ne jamais souder une bouteille pressurisée – risque d’explosion.
Utiliser seulement des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, régulateurs, tuyaux et
raccords convenables pour cette application spécifique; les maintenir ainsi
que les éléments associés en bon état.
Ne pas tenir la tête en face de la sortie en ouvrant la soupape de la bouteille.
Maintenir le chapeau de protection sur la soupape, sauf en cas d’utilisation
ou de branchement de la bouteille.
Lire et suivre les instructions concernant les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
les équipements associés et les publication P-1 CGA énumérées dans les
normes de sécurité.
1-3. Dangers existant en relation avec le moteur
LE CARBURANT MOTEUR peut provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
LA VAPEUR ET LE LIQUIDE DE
REFROIDISSEMENT CHAUD peuvent
provoquer des brûlures.
Arrêter le moteur avant de vérifier le niveau de carburant ou de faire le plein.
Ne pas faire le plein en fumant ou proche d’une source d’étincelles ou d’une flamme nue.
Ne pas faire le plein de carburant à ras bord; prévoir de l’espace pour son
expansion.
Faire attention de ne pas renverser de carburant. Nettoyer tout carburant renversé avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
Jeter les chiffons dans un récipient ignifuge.
OM-488 Page 6
Il est préférable de vérifier le liquide de
refroidissement une fois le moteur refroidi pour éviter
de se brûler.
Toujours vérifier le niveau de liquide de refroidissement dans le vase
d’expansion (si présent), et non dans le radiateur (sauf si précisé autrement dans la section maintenance du manuel du moteur).
Si le moteur est chaud et que le liquide doit être vérifié, opérer comme
suivant :
Mettre des lunettes de sécurité et des gants, placer un torchon sur le
bouchon du radiateur.
Dévisser le bouchon légèrement et laisser la vapeur s’échapper avant
d’enlever le bouchon.
DES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
L’ACIDE DE LA BATTERIE peut provoquer des brûlures dans les YEUX et
sur la PEAU.
Ne pas approcher les mains des ventilateurs, courroies et autres pièces en mouvement.
Maintenir fermés et fixement en place les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de
protection.
Arrêter le moteur avant d’installer ou brancher l’appareil.
Demander seulement à un personnel qualifié d’enlever les dispositifs de
sécurité ou les recouvrements pour effectuer, s’il y a lieu, des travaux
d’entretien et de dépannage.
Pour empêcher tout démarrage accidentel pendant les travaux d’entretien, débrancher le câble négatif (–) de batterie de la borne.
Ne pas approcher les mains, cheveux, vêtements lâches et outils des organes mobiles.
Remettre en place les panneaux ou les dipositifs de protection et fermer
les portes à la fin des travaux d’entretien et avant de faire démarrer le
moteur.
Avant d’intervenir, déposer les bougies ou injecteurs pour éviter la mise
en route accidentelle du moteur.
Bloquer le volant moteur pour éviter sa rotation lors d’une intervention
sur le générateur.
L’EXPLOSION DE LA BATTERIE peut
RENDRE AVEUGLE.
Toujours porter une protection faciale, des gants en
caoutchouc et vêtements de protection lors d’une intervention sur la batterie.
Arrêter le moteur avant de débrancher ou de brancher les câbles de
batterie.
Eviter de provoquer des étincelles avec les outils en travaillant sur la
batterie.
Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour charger les batteries ou des véhicules de démarrage rapide.
Observer la polarité correcte (+ et –) sur les batteries.
Débrancher le câble négatif (–) en premier lieu. Le rebrancher en dernier
lieu.
Ne pas renverser la batterie.
Remplacer une batterie endommagée.
Rincer immédiatement les yeux et la peau à l’eau.
LES GAZ D’ÈCHAPPEMENT DU
MOTEUR peuvent provoquer des
accidents mortels.
Utiliser l’équipement à l’extérieur dans des zones ouvertes et bien ventilées.
En cas d’utilisation dans un endroit fermé évacuer les gaz d’échappement du moteur vers l’extérieur à distance des entrées d’air dans les bâtiments.
LA CHALEUR DU MOTEUR peut provoquer un incendie.
Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou à proximité
de surfaces inflammables.
Tenir à distance les produits inflammables de
l’échappement.
LES ÉTINCELLES À L’ÉCHAPPEMENT
peuvent provoquer un incendie.
Empêcher les étincelles d’échappement du moteur
de provoquer un incendie.
Utiliser uniquement un pare-étincelles approuvé –
voir codes en vigueur.
1-4. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement
et la maintenance
LA CHUTE DE L’APPAREIL peut
blesser.
Utiliser l’anneau de levage uniquement pour soulever
l’appareil lui-même ; sans chariot, de bouteilles de
gaz, remorque, ou autres accessoires.
Utiliser un équipement de levage de capacité suffisante pour lever l’appareil.
En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer
que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser du côté
opposé de l’appareil.
LES ÉTINCELLES VOLANTES risquent de provoquer des blessures.
Porter un écran facial pour protéger le visage et les
yeux.
Affuterr l’électrode au tungstène uniquement à la meuleuse dotée de protecteurs. Cette manoeuvre est à exécuter dans un endroit sûr lorsque
l’on porte l’équipement homologué de protection du visage, des mains et
du corps.
Les étincelles risquent de causer un incendie – éloigner toute substance
inflammable.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
LES
CHARGES
ÉLECTROSTATIQUES
peuvent
endommager les circuits imprimés.
Établir la connexion avec la barrette de terre avant de
manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques
pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des cartes de
circuits imprimes.
UNE REMORQUE QUI BASCULE peut
entraîner des blessures.
LE SURCHAUFFEMENT peut endommager le moteur électrique.
Laisser l’équipement refroidir ; respecter le facteur de
marche nominal.
Réduire le courant ou le facteur de marche avant de
poursuivre le soudage.
Ne pas obstruer les passages d’air du poste.
Utiliser les supports de la remorque ou des blocs
pour soutenir le poids.
Installer convenablement le poste sur la remorque
comme indiqué dans le manuel s’y rapportant.
Arrêter ou déconnecter l’équipement avant de démarrer ou d’arrêter le moteur.
Ne pas laisser tourner le moteur trop lentement sous
risque d’endommager le moteur électrique à cause
d’une tension et d’une fréquence trop faibles.
Ne pas brancher de moteur de 50 ou de 60 Hz à la prise de 100 Hz, s’il y a
lieu.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
Utiliser seulement les pièces de rechange d’origine.
Effecteur la maintenance et la mise en service
d’après le manuel et celui du moteur.
OM-488 Page 7
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H.F.) risque de provoquer
des interférences.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC risque de
provoquer des interférences.
Le rayonnement haute fréquence (H.F.) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements
de radio–navigation et de communication, les
services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées avec des
équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des sources
de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une distance correcte et
utiliser une terre et et un blindage pour réduire les interférences
éventuelles.
L’énergie électromagnétique risque de provoquer
des interférences pour l’équipement électronique
sensible tel que les ordinateurs et l’équipement commandé par ordinateur tel que les robots.
Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit compatible
électromagnétiquement.
Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement électronique sensible.
Veiller à ce que ce poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre conformément à ce mode d’emploi.
En cas d’interférences après avoir pris les mesures précédentes, il incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que
le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés, l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de travail.
1-5. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme ANSI Z49.1, de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. Lejeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
Safety and Health Sandards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, du Superintendent
of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402.
Recommended Safe Practice for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances, norme AWS
F4.1, de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. Lejeune Rd, Miami FL
33126
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, de la National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
de la Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Règles de sécurité en soudage, coupage et procédés connexes, norme
CSA W117.2, de l’Association canadienne de normalisation, vente de
normes, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale (Ontario) Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices For Occupation And Educational Eye And Face Protection, norme ANSI Z87.1, de l’American National Standards Institute,
1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, norme NFPA 51B, de la National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
1-6. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques
Données sur le soudage électrique et sur les effets, pour l’organisme,
des champs magnétiques basse fréquence
Afin de réduire les champs électromagnétiques dans l’environnement
de travail, respecter les consignes suivantes :
1
Le courant de soudage, pendant son passage dans les câbles de soudage, causera des champs électromagnétiques. Il y a eu et il y a encore
un certain souci à propos de tels champs. Cependant, après avoir examiné plus de 500 études qui ont été faites pendant une période de
recherche de 17 ans, un comité spécial ruban bleu du National Research Council a conclu: “L’accumulation de preuves, suivant le
jugement du comité, n’a pas démontré que l’exposition aux champs
magnétiques et champs électriques à haute fréquence représente un
risque à la santé humaine”. Toutefois, des études sont toujours en cours
et les preuves continuent à être examinées. En attendant que les conclusions finales de la recherche soient établies, il vous serait
souhaitable de réduire votre exposition aux champs électromagnétiques pendant le soudage ou le coupage.
OM-488 Page 8
2
3
4
5
Garder les câbles ensembles en les torsadant ou en les
attachant avec du ruban adhésif.
Mettre tous les câbles du côté opposé de l’opérateur.
Ne pas courber pas et ne pas entourer pas les câbles autour de
votre corps.
Garder le poste de soudage et les câbles le plus loin possible de
vous.
Relier la pince de masse le plus près possible de la zone de
soudure.
Consignes relatives aux stimulateurs cardiaques :
Les personnes qui portent un stimulateur cardiaque doivent avant tout
consulter leur docteur. Si vous êtes déclaré apte par votre docteur, il est
alors recommandé de respecter les consignes ci–dessus.
SECTION 2 – DEFINITIONS
2-1. Symbol Definitions
h
A
V
Engine Choke
Read Operator’s
Manual
Engine Oil
Fuel
Battery (Engine)
Engine
Positive
Negative
Alternating Current
(AC)
Output
Seconds
Time
Protective Earth
(Ground)
s
Hours
Circuit Breaker
Amperes
Volts
Temperature
SECTION 3 – SPECIFICATIONS
3-1. Weld, Power, and Engine Specifications
Welding
Mode
CC/DC
Rated
Welding
Output
Weld Output
Range
40 – 180 A
(60 Hz)
40 – 160 A
(50 Hz)
Maximum
Open Circuit
Voltage
180 A, 25 V,
30% Duty
Cycle
Auxiliary Power
Rating
Single-Phase,
6 kVA/kW (Peak)
5.5 kVA/kW
(Continuous)
50/25 A,
110/220 V AC, 50 Hz
80
(60 Hz)
130 A, 25 V,
60% Duty
Cycle
70
(50 Hz)
100 A, 25 V,
100% Duty
Cycle
Fuel Capacity
Engine
1.7 gal (6 L) Tank
Honda GX390
Air-Cooled,
One-Cylinder,
Four-Cycle,
13 HP (390 CC),
Gasoline Engine
3-2. Dimensions, Weights, and Operating Angles
Dimensions
Height
20-3/4 in (527 mm)
Width
22-3/4 in (577 mm)
Depth
31-1/4 in (793 mm)
A
31-1/4 in (793 mm)
B
10-1/2 in (268 mm)
C
13-45/64 in (348 mm)
D
22-3/4 in (577 mm)
E
1-3/4 in (44 mm)
F
19-1/2 in (495 mm)
G
13/32 in (10 mm) Dia.
D
Do not exceed tilt angles or engine could
be damaged or unit could tip.
B
Do not move or operate unit where it
could tip.
A
C
15°
G
4
Holes
Weight
Electric-Start Model: 278 lb (126 kg)
Recoil-Start Model: 253 lb (114 kg)
E
15°
15°
15°
F
Engine End
ST-802 096
OM-488 Page 9
3-3. Fuel Consumption
ST-802 122
3-4. Duty Cycle
Duty cycle is the percentage of 10
minutes that unit can weld at rated
load without overheating.
Continuous Welding
100% Duty Cycle at 100 Amperes CC/DC
Exceeding duty cycle can
damage unit and void
warranty.
ST-802 093
OM-488 Page 10
3-5. Auxiliary Power Curves
The ac auxiliary power curves
show the auxiliary power available
in amperes at the receptacles.
A. 60 Hz Model
B. 50 Hz Model
ST-802 125 / ST-802 126
OM-488 Page 11
3-6. Volt-Ampere Curves
A. 60 Hz Model
The volt-ampere curve shows the
minimum and maximum voltage
and amperage output capabilities of
the welding generator. Curves of all
other settings fall between the
curves shown.
B. 50 Hz Model
ST-802 127 / ST-802 128
OM-488 Page 12
SECTION 4 – INSTALLATION
4-1. Installing Welding Generator
Movement
Airflow Clearance
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
Location
OR
install1 1/97 – ST-802 095 / Ref. ST-151 556 / ST-158 936-A / S-0854
4-2. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame
Always ground generator
frame to vehicle frame to prevent electric shock and static
electricity hazards.
1
2
3
3
1
GND/PE
4
4
Generator Base
Metal Vehicle Frame
Equipment Grounding
Terminal
Grounding Cable
Use #10 AWG or larger insulated
copper wire.
If unit does not have GFCI receptacles,
use
GFCIprotected extension cord.
OR
Electrically bond generator frame to
vehicle frame by metal-to-metal contact.
2
2
install1 1/97* – Ref. ST-151 556 / S-0854
OM-488 Page 13
4-3. Grounding Generator When Supplying Building Systems
1
1
Equipment Grounding
Terminal
2
Grounding Cable
2
GND/PE
Use #10 AWG or larger insulated
copper wire.
3
Ground generator to system earth ground if supplying power to a premises
(home, shop, farm) wiring
system.
Use ground device as
stated in electrical codes.
2
Ground Device
3
ST-800 576-B
4-4. Engine Prestart Checks
Check all fluids daily. Engine must
be cold and on a level surface. Unit
is shipped with 10W30 engine oil.
1/2 in
(13 mm)
Engine stops if oil level gets too low.
Follow run-in procedure in en-
Full
gine manual.
1 Fuel Valve
Open valve.
Gasoline
Close fuel valve before moving
unit or carburetor may flood
and make starting difficult.
Fuel
Add fresh fuel before starting
engine the first time (see maintenance label for specifications). Fill
fuel tank up to 1/2 in. (13 mm) from
top to allow room for expansion.
Check fuel level on a cold engine
before use each day.
Oil
After fueling, check oil with unit on
level surface. If oil is not up to full
mark on dipstick, add oil (see maintenance label).
To
improve
starting:
1
cold
weather
Keep battery in good condition.
Store battery in warm area off
concrete surface.
Full
Use correct grade oil for cold
weather.
ST-802 094
OM-488 Page 14
4-5. Connecting the Battery (Electric-Start Models Only)
Turn Engine Switch to Off
(electric-start models only).
Connect negative (–)
cable last.
–
+
Tools Needed:
3/8, 1/2 in
ST-802 095 / Ref. S-0756-D
4-6. Connecting to Weld Output Terminals
1
2
Positive (+) Weld Output
Terminal
Negative (–) Weld Output
Terminal
For Direct Current Electrode Positive (DCEP), connect work cable to
Negative (–) terminal and electrode
holder to Positive (+) terminal.
For Direct Current Electrode negative (DCEN), reverse cable connections.
1
Tools Needed:
3/4 in
2
Ref. 495 126 / 495 178
4-7. Selecting Weld Cable Sizes
Total Cable (Copper) Length In Weld Circuit Not Exceeding
Welding
Amperes
100 ft (30 m) Or Less
150 ft
(45 m)
200 ft
(60 m)
250 ft
(70 m)
300 ft
(90 m)
350 ft
(105 m)
400 ft
(120 m)
10 – 60%
Duty Cycle
60 – 100% Duty
Cycle
100
4
4
4
3
2
1
1/0
1/0
150
3
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
200
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
4/0
250
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
10 – 100% Duty Cycle
*Weld cable size (AWG) is based on either a 4 volts or less drop or a current density of at least 300 circular mils per ampere. Contact your
distributor for the mm2 equivalent weld cable sizes.
S-0007-E
OM-488 Page 15
SECTION 5 – OPERATING THE WELDING GENERATOR
5-1. Controls (See Section 5-2)
3
4
Recoil-Start
1
2
Electric-Start
60 Hz
50 Hz
1
5
6
7
ST-802 094 / ST-802 095 / 495 187
OM-488 Page 16
5-2. Description Of Controls (See Section 5-1)
Weld and auxiliary power output stops if
generator overheats or engine speed is
too low.
1 Engine Switch
On models with recoil-start, use switch to
open ignition circuit, and to stop engine.
On models with electric-start, use switch to
open ignition circuit, and to start and stop engine.
2 Throttle Control Lever
Use lever to select engine speed. Use 50 Hz
or 60 Hz position for auxiliary power. Use 60
Hz position for maximum weld output.
3 Choke Control Lever
Use lever to change engine air/fuel mix. Move
lever to left if starting a cold engine. Move lever to right if starting a warm engine.
4 Starter Handle (Recoil-Start Models
Only)
To Start (Recoil): open fuel valve, turn engine
switch to On, move throttle lever to Idle, set
choke, and pull starter handle. Open choke as
engine warms.
To Start (Electric): open fuel valve, move
throttle lever to Idle, set choke, and turn engine switch to Start position. Open choke as
engine warms.
If engine does not start, let engine
come to a complete stop before attempting restart.
To Stop: turn engine switch to Off.
Always close fuel valve after stopping
5
6
Use label to determine correct weld amperage based on electrode size, type, and material thickness.
7
Current Control
Use control to select weld amperage. Control
may be adjusted while welding.
To Set Current Control: Use label to determine correct size electrode for material thickness. Select electrode type and set current
control to corresponding amperage range on
nameplate. Adjust control within selected
range to obtain desired weld performance.
EXAMPLE:
unit. Moving unit with fuel valve open may
cause carburetor flooding and make
starting difficult.
Material Thickness: 1/8 to 1/4 in
Engine Hour Meter
Welding Range Label
Electrode Type: E-6013
Electrode Diameter: 1/8
Current Control Setting: 90 – 120 A
OM-488 Page 17
SECTION 6 – OPERATING AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
NOTE
The welding generator provides power while welding and with the Current control
in any position. However, under these conditions equipment connected to the
welding generator may be subject to larger than normal voltage fluctuations. It is
recommended that only lamps be powered under these conditions.
6-1. Optional Receptacle Panels
Ref. ST-802 124 / H-495 290 / H-495 283
If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord.
Auxiliary power decreases as weld current increases.
Set Amperage control at max. for full
auxiliary power.
OM-488 Page 18
Place throttle lever in
breaker. If breaker continues to open, contact Factory Authorized Service Agent.
Circuit breakers protect the generator from
overload. Press button to reset circuit
Combined output of all receptacles limited
to 5.5 kVA/kW (60 Hz) or 5 kVA/kW (50 Hz)
rating of the generator.
correct position
(60 Hz or 50 Hz) for auxiliary power
panel.
6-2. Optional Receptacle Panel Ratings
Unless otherwise stated, the rating of duplex outlets is the combined load of all receptacles.
NOTE
Unless otherwise stated, the rating of duplex outlets is the combined load of all
receptacles.
Total power from generator NOT to exceed 5500 Watts (60 Hz) or 5000 Watts (50 Hz)
Receptacle
Protected
By
USA-1
USA-2
USA-3
Canada
(CSA)
South
America
Europe
Australia
S.E. Asia
South
Africa
60 Hz
60 Hz
60 Hz
60 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
50 Hz
25A/
5500W
25A/
5500W
See Note 2
See Note 2
240 V
Twist Lock
CB1,2
240 V
Duplex
CB1,2
240 V
Duplex
CB3,4
230 V
Single
CB1
15A/
3600W
15A/
3600W
15A/
3600W
230 V
Single
CB2
15A/
3600W
15A/
3600W
15A/
3600W
230 V
Single
CB1,2
15A/
3600W
230 V
Single
CB3,4
15A/
3600W
120 V
Twist Lock
CB1
120 V
Duplex
CB1,3/
CB2,4
5000W
5000W
15A/
3600W
See Note 2
120 V
Duplex
CB2
120 V
Duplex
CB3
120 V
Duplex
CB4
Total
Power NOT
to exceed
15A/
3600W
15A/
3600W
30A/
3600W
30A/
3600W
See Note 1
20A/
2400W
20A/
2400W
See Note 3
20A/
2400W
20A/
2400W
See Note 3
20A/
2400W
20A/
2400W
See Note 3
See Note 3
5500W
5500W
5500W
5500W
5000W
5000W
5000W
Notes: 1. Each receptacle of the duplex can provide 15A/1800W. Do not parallel the two 120V duplex receptacles.
2. Do not parallel the two 120V circuits.
3. Do not parallel the two duplex outlets.
For example, for the USA-1 Auxiliary Power Panel,
Calculating total power provided by generator.
(See Section 10 – Auxiliary Power Guidelines)
Each receptacle can provide the watts or amps as shown
above. However, the total power can not exceed 5500W.
The rating plate on electrical apparatus will contain the watts
consumed or the rated input amps. Watts may be calculated
by multiplying the rated voltage by the rated input amps.
watts = volts x amps
240V, 3000W heater
120V, 10A chain saw
120V, 500W halogen lamp
Total
3000W
1200W
500W
4700W
240V, 3000W heater
120V, 10A chain saw
120V, 5A router
120V, 1000W halogen lamp
Total
3000W
1200W
600W
1000W
5800W
This loading is OK.
This loading is not OK.
It exceeds 5500W.
OM-488 Page 19
SECTION 7 – MAINTENANCE
7-1. Routine Maintenance
Stop engine before maintaining.
Recycle
engine
fluids.
See Engine Manual and Maintenance Label. Service more often if used in severe conditions.
*
To be done by Factory Authorized Service Agent.
8h
Check fluid levels.
See Section 4-4.
20 h
Check and clean
spark arrestor screen.
See engine manual.
Wipe up spills.
50 h
Service air cleaner
element. See engine
manual.
Clean and
tighten weld
terminals.
100 h
Check
spark
plugs.
Change oil. See
engine manual and
maintenance label.
Clean and tighten battery
connections
(Electric
-Start models only).
Clean Fuel
sediment cup.
200 h
Clean fuel
tank and
strainer.
Replace
unreadable
labels.
300 h
Check valve
clearance.*
500 h
Repair or
replace cracked
cables.
Service welding generator
brushes and slip rings. Service
more often in dirty conditions.*
1000 h
Blow out or
vacuum inside.
During heavy
service, clean
monthly.
OM-488 Page 20
OR
NOTE
Follow the storage procedure in the engine owner’s manual if the unit will not be
used for an extended period.
7-2. Maintenance Label
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
100 h
°C
°F
+40
+104
+30
+86
+59
+10
8h
0
+32
-10
-15
-20
-10
10W-30
+20
SG-SF/CC-CD
1.1 l (1.2 US qt,
1.94 lmp qt)
Unleaded
86 + Octane
6.5 l (1.7 US Gal,
11.4 lmp pt)
50 h
0.7 – 0.8 mm
(0.028 – 0.031 in)
200 h
Ref. S-175 679-A
7-3. Overload Protection
1
Over-Temp Switch TP1 (Internal – Not Shown)
TP1 protects the generator from
overheating. If TP1 opens, weld
and auxiliary power output stops.
Reduce load and wait several minutes for TP1 to reset.
2
Ignition Circuit Breaker
(Electric-Start Models Only)
The circuit breaker protects the engine battery charging circuit. A
short circuit or a battery connected
in reverse polarity will trip the circuit
breaker.
Press button to reset breaker.
If a switch or breaker opens, it
2
usually indicates a more serious problem exists. Contact a
Factory Authorized Service
Agent.
Ref. ST-802 094
OM-488 Page 21
7-4. Adjusting Engine Speed
1400 ± 150 rpm
3720 ± 50 rpm (60 Hz)
3250 ± 50 rpm (50 Hz)
After tuning engine, check engine
speeds. See table for proper no
load speeds. If necessary, adjust
speeds as follows:
Start engine and run until warm.
Weld/Power Speed
Adjustment
1
Throttle Control Lever
2
Adjustment Screw
Move lever to Run (60 Hz) position.
Turn screw and move lever until engine runs at weld/power speed.
Idle Speed Adjustment
3
4
Pilot Screw
Throttle Stop Screw
Move lever to idle position. Turn pilot screw until engine runs at highest idle speed. Turn stop screw until
engine runs at rated idle speed
(normally about 2-1/4 turns out.)
Stop engine. Close fuel
valve.
2
1
3
4
Tools Needed:
1/4, 3/8 in
ST-802 097
OM-488 Page 22
SECTION 8 – TROUBLESHOOTING
8-1. Troubleshooting
A. Welding
Trouble
No weld output.
Remedy
Check Amperage control setting.
Check weld connections.
Reduce load and allow generator Over-Temp switch TP1 to reset. TP1 opens if generator overheats.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4). Output stops if engine speed is too low.
Be sure all equipment is disconnected from receptacles when starting unit.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, circuit board PC1, capacitor C1,
and integrated rectifiers SR1 and SR2.
Low weld output.
Check Amperage control and throttle lever settings.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4).
Service air cleaner according to engine manual.
Check weld cable size and length.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, circuit board PC1, capacitor C1,
and integrated rectifiers SR1 and SR2.
High weld output.
Check Amperage control setting.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4).
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, circuit board PC1, capacitor C1,
integrated rectifiers SR1 and SR2, and suppressor VR1/R2.
Erratic weld output.
Check Amperage control setting.
Tighten and clean connections to electrode and workpiece.
Use dry, properly-stored electrodes for Stick welding.
Remove excessive coils from weld cables.
Clean and tighten connections both inside and outside welding generator.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4).
Check throttle/governor linkage for smooth, non-binding operation.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, circuit board PC1, capacitor C1,
and integrated rectifiers SR1 and SR2.
B. Auxiliary Power
Trouble
No output at auxiliary power
receptacles.
Remedy
Reset circuit breakers (see Section 6-1).
Reduce load and allow generator Over-Temp switch TP1 to reset. TP1 opens if generator overheats.
Check receptacle wiring and connections.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4). Output stops if engine speed is too low.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, circuit board PC1, capacitor C1,
and integrated rectifiers SR1 and SR2.
High power output.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4).
Move throttle lever to 50 Hz position for 50 Hz equipment (see Section 5-1).
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check circuit board PC1 and capacitor C1.
OM-488 Page 23
Trouble
Low power output.
Remedy
Check Amperage control setting.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4). Output stops if engine speed is too low.
Move throttle lever to 60 Hz position for 60 Hz equipment (see Section 5-1).
Erratic power output.
Check fuel level.
Check receptacle wiring and connections.
Check throttle/governor linkage for smooth, non-binding operation.
Service air cleaner according to engine manual.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4). Output stops if engine speed is too low.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, and circuit board PC1.
C. Engine
Trouble
Engine will not crank (electric-start
models only).
Remedy
Reset ignition circuit breaker (see Section 7-3).
Check battery voltage.
Check battery connections and tighten if necessary.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check engine ignition circuit.
Engine will not start.
Check fuel level (see Section 4-4).
Open fuel valve (see Section 4-4). Close fuel valve before moving unit or carburetor may flood and make
starting difficult.
Check battery voltage (electric-start models only).
Check battery connections and tighten if necessary (electric-start models only).
Check oil level (see Section 4-4). Engine stops if oil level is too low. Refill crankcase with proper viscosity
oil for operating temperature.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check low oil level shutdown switch.
Engine stopped during normal
operation.
Check fuel level (see Section 4-4).
Open fuel valve (see Section 4-4). Close fuel valve before moving unit or carburetor may flood and make
starting difficult.
Check oil level (see Section 4-4). Engine stops if oil level is too low.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check low oil level shutdown switch.
Check unit operating angle. Low oil level shutdown switch may stop engine if unit is tilted.
Battery discharges between uses (elec- Clean battery, terminals, and posts with baking soda and water solution; rinse with clear water.
tric-start models only).
Periodically recharge battery (approximately every 3 months).
Replace battery.
Check voltage regulator and connections according to engine manual.
Unstable or sluggish engine speeds.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 7-4).
Check throttle/governor linkage for smooth, non-binding operation.
Tune-up engine according to engine manual.
OM-488 Page 24
SECTION 9 – ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
SC-495 296-A
Figure 9-1. Circuit Diagram For Welding Generator
OM-488 Page 25
Figure 9-2. Wiring Diagram For Welding Generator (1 Of 3)
OM-488 Page 26
SC-495 296-A
Figure 9-3. Wiring Diagram For Welding Generator (2 Of 3)
OM-488 Page 27
SC-495 296-A
Figure 9-4. Wiring Diagram For Welding Generator (3 Of 3)
OM-488 Page 28
SECTION 10 – AUXILIARY POWER GUIDELINES
10-1. Selecting Equipment
1
2
3
Auxiliary Power Receptacles
– Neutral Bonded To Frame
3-Prong Plug From Case
Grounded Equipment
2-Prong Plug From Double
Insulated Equipment
1
2
3
Be sure equipment
has this symbol
and/or wording.
OR
aux_pwr 2/99 – Ref. ST-159 730 / ST-800 577
10-2. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame
1
2
3
4
Generator Base
Metal Vehicle Frame
Equipment Grounding
Terminal
Grounding Cable
Use #10 AWG or larger insulated
copper wire.
If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord.
3
1
4
GND/PE
OR
2
2
Electrically bond generator
frame to vehicle frame by
metal-to-metal contact.
S-0854
OM-488 Page 29
10-3. Grounding When Supplying Building Systems
1
1
2
2
GND/PE
Equipment Grounding
Terminal
Grounding Cable
Use #10 AWG or larger insulated
copper wire.
3
Ground Device
Ground generator to system
earth ground if supplying
power to a premises (home,
shop, farm) wiring system.
Use ground device as stated
in electrical codes.
2
3
ST-800 576-B
10-4. How Much Power Does Equipment Require?
1
3
2
1
VOLTS 115
AMPS 4.5
Hz
60
Resistive Load
A light bulb is a resistive load and
requires a constant amount of power.
2
Non-Resistive Load
Equipment with a motor is a non-resistive load and requires approximately six times more power while
starting the motor than when running (see Section 10-8).
3
3
Rating Data
Rating shows volts and amperes,
or watts required to run equipment.
AMPERES x VOLTS = WATTS
EXAMPLE 1: If a drill uses 4.5 amperes at 115 volts, calculate its running power
requirement in watts.
4.5 A x 115 V = 520 W
The load applied by the drill is 520 watts.
EXAMPLE 2: If three 200 watt flood lamps are used with the drill from Example 1,
add the individual loads to calculate total load.
(200 W + 200 W + 200 W) + 520 W = 1120 W
The total load applied by the three flood lamps and drill is 1120 watts.
S-0623
OM-488 Page 30
10-5. Approximate Power Requirements For Industrial Motors
Industrial Motors
Split Phase
Capacitor Start-Induction Run
Capacitor Start-Capacitor Run
Fan Duty
Rating
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1/8 HP
1/6 HP
1/4 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
3 HP
5 HP
1-1/2 HP
5 HP
7-1/2 HP
10 HP
1/8 HP
1/6 HP
1/4 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
800
1225
1600
2100
3175
2020
3075
4500
6100
8200
10550
15900
23300
8100
23300
35000
46700
1000
1400
1850
2400
3500
300
500
600
700
875
720
975
1400
1600
2200
2850
3900
6800
2000
6000
8000
10700
400
550
650
800
1100
10-6. Approximate Power Requirements For Farm/Home Equipment
Farm/Home Equipment
Stock Tank De-Icer
Grain Cleaner
Portable Conveyor
Grain Elevator
Milk Cooler
Milker (Vacuum Pump)
FARM DUTY MOTORS
Std. (e.g. Conveyors,
Feed Augers, Air
Compressors)
High Torque (e.g. Barn
Cleaners, Silo Unloaders,
Silo Hoists, Bunk Feeders)
3-1/2 cu. ft. Mixer
High Pressure 1.8 Gal/Min
Washer 2 gal/min
2 gal/min
Refrigerator or Freezer
Shallow Well Pump
Sump Pump
Rating
1/4 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
3 HP
5 HP
1-1/2 HP
5 HP
7-1/2 HP
10 HP
1/2 HP
500 PSI
550 PSI
700 PSI
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1000
1650
3400
4400
2900
10500
1720
2575
4500
6100
8200
10550
15900
23300
8100
23300
35000
46700
3300
3150
4500
6100
3100
2150
3100
2100
3200
1000
650
1000
1400
1100
2800
720
975
1400
1600
2200
2850
3900
6800
2000
6000
8000
10700
1000
950
1400
1600
800
750
1000
800
1050
OM-488 Page 31
10-7. Approximate Power Requirements For Contractor Equipment
Contractor
Hand Drill
Circular Saw
Table Saw
Band Saw
Bench Grinder
Air Compressor
Electric Chain Saw
Electric Trimmer
Electric Cultivator
Elec. Hedge Trimmer
Flood Lights
Submersible Pump
Centrifugal Pump
Floor Polisher
High Pressure Washer
55 gal Drum Mixer
Wet & Dry Vac
OM-488 Page 32
Rating
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1/4 in
3/8 in
1/2 in
6-1/2 in
7-1/4 in
8-1/4 in
9 in
10 in
14 in
6 in
8 in
10 in
1/2 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
1-1/2 HP, 12 in
2 HP, 14 in
Standard 9 in
Heavy Duty 12 in
1/3 HP
18 in
HID
Metal Halide
Mercury
Sodium
Vapor
400 gph
900 gph
3/4 HP, 16 in
1 HP, 20 in
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1/4 HP
1.7 HP
2-1/2 HP
350
400
600
500
900
1400
4500
6300
2500
1720
3900
5200
3000
6000
8200
10500
1100
1100
350
500
2100
400
125
313
1000
1400
1250
600
900
4500
6100
3150
4500
6100
1900
900
1300
350
400
600
500
900
1400
1500
1800
1100
720
1400
1600
1000
1500
2200
2800
1100
1100
350
500
700
400
100
250
1000
200
500
1400
1600
950
1400
1600
700
900
1300
10-8. Power Required To Start Motor
4
1
3
AC MOTOR
VOLTS 230
AMPS 2.5
CODE M
Hz
60
HP
1/4
PHASE 1
1
2
3
4
2
Motor Start Code
Running Amperage
Motor HP
Motor Voltage
To find starting amperage:
Step 1: Find code and use table to
find kVA/HP. If code is not listed,
multiply running amperage by six to
find starting amperage.
Step 2: Find Motor HP and Volts.
Step 3: Determine starting amperage (see example).
Welding generator amperage output must be at least twice the
motor’s running amperage.
Single-Phase Induction Motor Starting Requirements
Motor Start
Code
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
KVA/HP
6.3
7.1
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.2
12.5
14.0
kVA/HP x HP x 1000
VOLTS
= STARTING AMPERAGE
EXAMPLE: Calculate the starting amperage required for a 230 V, 1/4
HP motor with a motor start code of M.
Volts = 230
HP = 1/4
Using Table, Code M results in kVA/HP = 11.2
11.2 x 1/4 x 1000
= 12.2 A Starting the motor requires 12.2 amperes.
230
S-0624
10-9. How Much Power Can Generator Supply?
1
Limit Load To 90% Of
Generator Output
Always start non-resistive (motor)
loads in order from largest to smallest, and add resistive loads last.
2
1
2
5 Second Rule
If motor does not start within 5
seconds, turn off power to prevent
motor damage. Motor requires
more power than generator can
supply.
Ref. ST-800 396-A / S-0625
OM-488 Page 33
10-10. Typical Connections To Supply Standby Power
1
2
3
Obtain and install correct switch.
Switch rating must be same as or
greater than the branch overcurrent
protection.
Customer-supplied equipment is required if
generator is to supply standby power during
emergencies or power outages.
4
1
240 V
120/240 Volt
60 Hz
Three-Wire
Service
Circuit Breakers or Fused
Disconnect Switch
Obtain and install correct circuit
breakers or switch.
5
120 V
6
Neutral
2
Extension Cord
Select as shown in Section 10-11.
120 V
3
Generator Connections
Connect terminals or plug of adequate amperage capacity to cord.
Follow all applicable codes and
safety practices.
Turn off or unplug all equipment
connected to generator before
starting or stopping engine. When
starting or stopping, the engine has
low speed which causes low voltage and frequency.
240 V
120 V
Load
Power Company Service
Meter
Main and Branch Overcurrent
Protection
Double-Pole, Double-Throw
Transfer Switch
120 V
7
Load Connections
4
7
CB
or
Item 4 is not necessary if circuit
protection is already present in
welding generator auxiliary
power output circuit.
F1
5
6
240 V
120/240 Volt
Single-Phase
Three-Wire
Generator Output
Connection
120 V
120 V
Ground
S-0405-A
OM-488 Page 34
10-11. Selecting Extension Cord (Use Shortest Cord Possible)
Cord Lengths for 120 Volt Loads
If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord.
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m) for Conductor Size (AWG)*
Current
(Amperes)
Load (Watts)
5
600
7
840
10
1200
15
4
6
8
10
12
14
350 (106)
225 (68)
137 (42)
100 (30)
400 (122)
250 (76)
150 (46)
100 (30)
62 (19)
400 (122)
275 (84)
175 (53)
112 (34)
62 (19)
50 (15)
1800
300 (91)
175 (53)
112 (34)
75 (23)
37 (11)
30 (9)
20
2400
225 (68)
137 (42)
87 (26)
50 (15)
30 (9)
25
3000
175 (53)
112 (34)
62 (19)
37 (11)
30
3600
150 (46)
87 (26)
50 (15)
37 (11)
35
4200
125 (38)
75 (23)
50 (15)
40
4800
112 (34)
62 (19)
37 (11)
45
5400
100 (30)
62 (19)
50
6000
87 (26)
50 (15)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 2% voltage drop
Cord Lengths for 240 Volt Loads
If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord.
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m) for Conductor Size (AWG)*
Current
(Amperes)
Load (Watts)
5
1200
7
1680
10
2400
15
4
6
8
10
12
14
700 (213)
450 (137)
225 (84)
200 (61)
800 (244)
500 (152)
300 (91)
200 (61)
125 (38)
800 (244)
550 (168)
350 (107)
225 (69)
125 (38)
100 (31)
3600
600 (183)
350 (107)
225 (69)
150 (46)
75 (23)
60 (18)
20
4800
450 (137)
275 (84)
175 (53)
100 (31)
60 (18)
25
6000
350 (107)
225 (69)
125 (38)
75 (23)
30
7000
300 (91)
175 (53)
100 (31)
75 (23)
35
8400
250 (76)
150 (46)
100 (31)
40
9600
225 (69)
125 (38)
75 (23)
45
10,800
200 (61)
125 (38)
50
12,000
175 (53)
100 (31)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 2% voltage drop
OM-488 Page 35
SECTION 11 – STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES
11-1. Stick Welding Procedure
Weld current starts when
electrode touches workpiece.
Weld current can damage
electronic parts in vehicles.
Disconnect both battery
cables before welding on a
vehicle. Place work clamp as
close to the weld as possible.
1
5
2
3
4
2
Work Clamp
Electrode
A small diameter electrode requires
less current than a large one. Follow electrode manufacturer’s
instructions when setting weld amperage (see Section 11-2).
3
6
1
Workpiece
Make sure workpiece is clean before welding.
7
4
5
6
Insulated Electrode Holder
Electrode Holder Position
Arc Length
Arc length is the distance from the
electrode to the workpiece. A short
arc with correct amperage will give
a sharp, crackling sound.
7
Slag
Use a chipping hammer and wire
brush to remove slag. Remove slag
and check weld bead before making another weld pass.
Tools Needed:
stick 12/96 – ST-151 593
OM-488 Page 36
7014
7018
7024
Ni-Cl
308L
ALL
DEEP
EP
ALL
DEEP
6013
EP,EN
ALL
LOW
GENERAL
7014
EP,EN
ALL
MED
7018
EP
ALL
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FAST
LOW HYDROGEN,
STRONG
7024
EP,EN
NI-CL
EP
FLAT
HORIZ
FILLET
ALL
308L
EP
ALL
USAGE
PENETRATION
EP
6011
AC
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
1/16
5/64
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
3/32
1/8
5/32
DC*
450
400
350
300
AMPERAGE
RANGE
250
200
150
POSITION
6013
6010
ELECTRODE
6010
&
6011
100
50
DIAMETER
ELECTRODE
11-2. Electrode and Amperage Selection Chart
MIN. PREP, ROUGH
HIGH SPATTER
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FASTER
LOW
CAST IRON
LOW
STAINLESS
*EP = ELECTRODE POSITIVE (REVERSE POLARITY)
EN = ELECTRODE NEGATIVE (STRAIGHT POLARITY)
Ref. S-087 985-A
11-3. Striking an Arc – Scratch Start Technique
1
1
2
3
Electrode
Workpiece
Arc
Drag electrode across workpiece
like striking a match; lift electrode
slightly after touching work. If arc
goes out electrode was lifted to
high. If electrode sticks to workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
2
3
S-0049
11-4. Striking an Arc – Tapping Technique
1
1
2
3
2
Electrode
Workpiece
Arc
Bring electrode straight down to
workpiece; then lift slightly to start
arc. If arc goes out, electrode was
lifted too high. If electrode sticks to
workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
3
S-0050
OM-488 Page 37
11-5. Positioning Electrode Holder
10°-30°
90°
90°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Electrode Angle
GROOVE WELDS
10°-30°
45°
45°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Electrode Angle
FILLET WELDS
S-0060
11-6. Poor Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
4
5
Large Spatter Deposits
Rough, Uneven Bead
Slight Crater During Welding
Bad Overlap
Poor Penetration
1
2
4
3
5
S-0053-A
11-7. Good Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
Fine Spatter
Uniform Bead
Moderate Crater During
Welding
Weld a new bead or layer for each
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) thickness in metals
being welded.
4
5
1
2
3
4
No Overlap
Good Penetration into Base
Metal
5
S-0052-B
OM-488 Page 38
11-8. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape
NOTE
Weld bead shape is affected by electrode angle, arc length, travel speed, and
thickness of base metal.
Angle Too Small
Correct Angle
10° - 30°
Angle Too Large
Drag
ELECTRODE ANGLE
Spatter
Normal
Too Short
Too Long
ARC LENGTH
Normal
Slow
Fast
TRAVEL SPEED
S-0061
11-9. Electrode Movement During Welding
NOTE
Normally, a single stringer bead is satisfactory for most narrow groove weld joints;
however, for wide groove weld joints or bridging across gaps, a weave bead or
multiple stringer beads work better.
1
2
1
2
3
Stringer Bead – Steady
Movement Along Seam
Weave Bead – Side to Side
Movement Along Seam
Weave Patterns
Use weave patterns to cover a wide
area in one pass of the electrode.
Do not let weave width exceed
2-1/2 times diameter of electrode.
3
S-0054-A
OM-488 Page 39
11-10. Butt Joints
1
1
2
Tack Welds
Prevent edges of joint from drawing
together ahead of electrode by tack
welding the materials in position before final weld.
2
Square Groove Weld
Good for materials up to 3/16 in (5
mm) thick.
3
1/16 in
(1.6 mm)
30°
Single V-Groove Weld
Good for materials 3/16 – 3/4 in
(5-19 mm) thick. Cut bevel with oxyacetylene or plasma cutting equipment. Remove scale from material
after cutting. A grinder can also be
used to prepare bevels.
4
3
Create 30 degree angle of bevel on
materials in V-groove welding.
4
Double V-Groove Weld
Good for materials thicker than 3/16
in (5 mm).
S-0662
11-11. Lap Joint
30°
Or Less
30°
Or Less
1
1
1
2
Move electrode in circular motion.
3
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Remove slag before making another weld pass.
Weld both sides of joint for maximum strength.
3
2
Electrode
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
S-0063 / S-0064
11-12. Tee Joint
1
2
Keep arc short and move at definite
rate of speed. Hold electrode as
shown to provide fusion into the
corner. Square edge of the weld
surface.
1
2
45°
Or Less
Electrode
Fillet Weld
For maximum strength weld both
sides of upright section.
2
3
Multi-Layer Deposits
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Use any of the
weaving patterns shown in Section
11-9. Remove slag before making
another weld pass.
1
3
S-0060 / S-0058-A / S-0061
OM-488 Page 40
11-13. Weld Test
1
2
3
3
Strike weld joint in direction shown.
A good weld bends over but does
not break.
3
2 To 3 in
(51-76 mm)
1/4 in
(6.4 mm)
Vise
Weld Joint
Hammer
2 To 3 in
(51-76 mm)
2
2
1
1
S-0057-B
11-14. Troubleshooting – Porosity
Porosity – small cavities or holes resulting from gas
pockets in weld metal.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Arc length too long.
Reduce arc length.
Damp electrode.
Use dry electrode.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
11-15. Troubleshooting – Excessive Spatter
Excessive Spatter – scattering of molten metal particles
that cool to solid form near weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Amperage too high for electrode.
Decrease amperage or select larger electrode.
Arc length too long or voltage too high.
Reduce arc length or voltage.
OM-488 Page 41
11-16. Troubleshooting – Incomplete Fusion
Incomplete Fusion – failure of weld metal to fuse completely with
base metal or a preceeding weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Improper welding technique.
Place stringer bead in proper location(s) at joint during welding.
Adjust work angle or widen groove to access bottom during welding.
Momentarily hold arc on groove side walls when using weaving technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
11-17. Troubleshooting – Lack Of Penetration
Lack Of Penetration – shallow fusion between weld metal and
base metal.
Lack of Penetration
Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Improper joint preparation.
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must provide access to bottom of groove.
Improper weld technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Reduce travel speed.
11-18. Troubleshooting – Excessive Penetration
Excessive Penetration – weld metal melting through base metal and
hanging underneath weld.
Excessive Penetration
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Good Penetration
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
OM-488 Page 42
11-19. Troubleshooting – Burn-Through
Burn-Through – weld metal melting completely through base metal resulting
in holes where no metal remains.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
11-20. Troubleshooting – Waviness Of Bead
Waviness Of Bead – weld metal that is not parallel and does not cover
joint formed by base metal.
Possible Causes
Unsteady hand.
Corrective Actions
Use two hands. Practice technique.
11-21. Troubleshooting – Distortion
Distortion – contraction of weld metal during welding that forces base
metal to move.
Base metal moves
in the direction of
the weld bead.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Use restraint (clamp) to hold base metal in position.
Make tack welds along joint before starting welding operation.
Select lower amperage for electrode.
Increase travel speed.
Weld in small segments and allow cooling between welds.
OM-488 Page 43
SECTION 12 – PARTS LIST
Hardware is common and
not available unless listed.
1
48
2
7
8
9
25
6
5
10
11
12
13
3
4
37
14
15
23
16
17
18 19
20
36
27
24
35
34
33
29
22
32
47
21
26
28 31
30
46
45
38
44
39
40
43
41
42
ST-802 118-A
Figure 12-1. Main Assembly
OM-488 Page 44
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 12-1. Main Assembly
. . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +495 247 . . TOP, control box (specify color) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 096 . . LABEL, precautionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 3 . . . . PC1 . . . . . 198 203 . . BOARD, PC assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 201 . . STAND-OFF, support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 5 . . . SHUNT . . . . 028 747 . . SHUNT, meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 6 . . . . SR1 . . . . . 035 704 . . RECTIFIER, silicon
.....................................
. . . 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 915 . . CLAMP, capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 8 . . . . . C1 . . . . . . 176 007 . . CAPACITOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 9 . . . . TP1 . . . . . 495 238 . . THERMOSTAT, overload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 10 . . . . SR2 . . . . . 495 189 . . RECTIFIER, assembly (w/mtg hardware) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 11 . . . R2/VR1 . . . . 046 819 . . SUPPRESSOR, assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 193 . . BRACKET, mtg terminal block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 13 . . . . . 1T . . . . . . 172 661 . . BLOCK, terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 236 . . BASE, control box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 12-2 . . PANEL, aux power assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 16 . . . . . HM . . . . . . 176 365 . . METER, hour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAMEPLATE, overlay (order by model & serial number) . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 097 924 . . KNOB, pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 19 . . . . . R1 . . . . . . 035 897 . . POTENTIOMETER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 214 . . SEAL, air duct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 255 . . DUCT, air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 613 . . TERMINAL, output 250V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 525 . . TERMINAL, output Dinse 50/70 series (European models) . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 527 . . PLUG, weld cable (European models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 23 . . . . PC2 . . . . . 148 608 . . BOARD, PC filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 24 . . . . . L1 . . . . . . 495 223 . . REACTOR, stabilizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 094 . . LABEL, fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 349 . . SCREW, 1/4-20 HWH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493 509 . . BRUSHHOLDER, assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 348 . . SCREW, 5/16-24 HWH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 095 . . LABEL, moving parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +494 628 . . PANEL, end generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 587 . . CARRIER, bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 197 . . ROTOR, assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 154 . . . . BEARING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 211 . . GENERATOR, w/stator assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493 868 . . FAN, generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 629 . . GUARD, generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 606 . . ADAPTER, engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +495 055 . . ENGINE, Honda 13HP (recoil start) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +495 053 . . ENGINE, Honda 13HP (electric start) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 132 . . FRAME, mtg assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 256 . . MOUNT, shock generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 112 . . LEAD, battery neg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BATTERY, 12V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 42 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 604 . . BOLT, hold down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 43 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493 057 . . CLAMP, battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 111 . . LEAD, battery pos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 45 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494 039 . . COVER, battery cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 46 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 113 . . LEAD, bonding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 47 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 257 . . MOUNT, shock w/bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 187 . . LABEL, current selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
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+When ordering a component originally displaying a precautionary label, the label should also be ordered.
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
RC2,
RC3
OM-488 Page 45
Hardware is common and
not available unless listed.
7
1
2
8
3
4
5
6
USA-1
EUROPE
11
9
10
12
AUSTRALIA
S. AMERICA
13
15
16
14
S. AFRICA
S.E. ASIA
17
22
18
19
24
23
20
21
USA-2
25
USA-3
26
27
28
29
31
30
CANADA (CSA)
Figure 12-2. Auxiliary Power Panel
OM-488 Page 46
Ref. ST-802 124 / H-495 290 / H-495 283
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 12-2. Auxiliary Power Panel
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (USA-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 220 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 2 CB1, CB2 . 495 182 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 25A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 3 CB3, CB4 . 495 246 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 20A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 217 . . . . OVERLAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 5 . . . RC1 . . . . 129 067 . . . . RECEPTACLE, tw lk grd 3P4W 30A 125/250V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 088 898 . . . . PLUG, tw lk grd 3P4W 30A 125/250V
. . . 6 RC2, RC3 . 141 432 . . . . RECEPTACLE, str dx grd 2P3W 20A 125V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 073 690 . . . . PLUG, str grd armd 2P3W 15A 125V
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (Europe) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 282 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 8 CB1, CB2 . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (S. Amer.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 287 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 10 . . CB1-4 . . . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (Australia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 254 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 12 . . CB1-4 . . . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (S. Africa) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 252 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 14 CB1, CB2 . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (SE Asia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 282 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 16 CB1, CB2 . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (USA-2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 220 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 18 . . . CB1 . . . . 495 183 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 30A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 19 CB2, CB3 . 495 246 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 20A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 20 . . . RC1 . . . . 007 467 . . . . RECEPTACLE, tw lk grd 2P3W 30A 125V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605 797 . . . . PLUG, tw lk 3P3W 20A 125V
. . . 21 RC2, RC3 . 141 432 . . . . RECEPTACLE, str dx grd 2P3W 20A 125V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 073 690 . . . . PLUG, str grd armd 2P3W 15A 125V
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (USA-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 314 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 23 CB1, CB2 . 495 245 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 24 CB3, CB4 . 495 246 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 20A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 25 . . . RC1 . . . . 604 103 . . . . RECEPTACLE, str dx grd 2P3W 15A 250V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 025 234 . . . . PLUG, str grd 2P3W 15A 250V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 26 RC2, RC3 . 141 432 . . . . RECEPTACLE, str dx grd 2P3W 20A 125V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 073 690 . . . . PLUG, str grd armd 2P3W 15A 125V
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PANEL, aux power assembly (CSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 27 . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 277 . . . . PANEL, aux power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 28 CB1, CB2 . 495 182 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 25A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 29 CB3, CB4 . 495 246 . . . . CIRCUIT BREAKER, 20A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 30 . . . RC1 . . . . 129 067 . . . . RECEPTACLE, tw lk grd 3P4W 30A 125/250V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 088 898 . . . . PLUG, tw lk grd 3P4W 30A 125/250V
. . . 31 . . . RC2 . . . . 141 432 . . . . RECEPTACLE, str dx grd 2P3W 20A 125V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 073 690 . . . . PLUG, str grd armd 2P3W 15A 125V
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
4
1
1
4
1
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2
1
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1
1
NOTE: Replacement receptacles can be found at your local hardware or electrical supply store.
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
OM-488 Page 47
Notes
OM-488 Page 48
Effective January 1, 2000
(Equipment with a serial number preface of “LA” or newer)
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
*
*
LIMITED WARRANTY – Subject to the terms and conditions
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants
to its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold
after the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects
in material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to
such defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be
notified in writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or
failure, at which time Miller will provide instructions on the
warranty claim procedures to be followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment
listed below in the event of such a failure within the warranty
time periods. All warranty time periods start on the date that
the equipment was delivered to the original retail purchaser, or
one year after the equipment is sent to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is sent to an
International distributor.
1.
5 Years Parts – 3 Years Labor
*
*
2.
3 Years — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
3.
Original main power rectifiers
Inverters (input and output rectifiers only)
Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
Inverter Power Supplies
Intellitig
Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by
the engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
185)
Process Controllers
Positioners and Controllers
Automatic Motion Devices
Robots
RFCS Foot Controls
Induction Heating Power Sources
Water Coolant Systems
HF Units
Grids
Maxstar 140
Spot Welders
Load Banks
SDX Transformers
Miller Cyclomatic Equipment
Running Gear/Trailers
Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT, ZIPCUT &
PLAZCUT Models)
Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True
Blue for the remaining warranty period of the
product they are installed in, or for a minimum of
one year — whichever is greater.)
4.
6 Months — Batteries
5.
90 Days — Parts
*
MIG Guns/TIG Torches
*
*
*
*
Induction Heating Coils and Blankets
APT, ZIPCUT & PLAZCUT Model Plasma Cutting
Torches
Remote Controls
Accessory Kits
Replacement Parts (No labor)
Spoolmate 185
Miller’s True Blue Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
2.
Consumable components; such as contact tips, cutting
nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings, relays or parts
that fail due to normal wear.
3.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other
than Miller, or equipment that has been improperly
installed, improperly operated or misused based upon
industry standards, or equipment which has not had
reasonable and necessary maintenance, or equipment
which has been used for operation outside of the
specifications for the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE
AND USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND
PERSONS TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE
AND MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods
at customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR
ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN
AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY, GUARANTY OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION,
MIGHT
ARISE
BY
IMPLICATION,
OPERATION OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE
OF DEALING, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND
DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long
an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental,
indirect, special or consequential damages, so the above
limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be
available, but may vary from state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations
and exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited
Warranty provides specific legal rights, and other rights may
be available, but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 1/00
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
Resources Available
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
To locate a distributor or service agency
near you, call 1-800-4-A-Miller or visit our
website at www.MillerWelds.com
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
International Headquarters–USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
European Headquarters –
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1204-593493
FAX: 44 (0) 1204-598066
Welding Process Handbooks
www.MillerWelds.com
Contact the Delivering Carrier for:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims,
contact your distributor and/or equipment
manufacturer’s Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
 2000 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
1/00