Enterprise
Capacity 3.5 HDD
v4 SATA Product Manual
Standard 4KN models
ST6000NM0004
ST4000NM0004
ST2000NM0004
Standard 5xxE models
ST6000NM0024
ST5000NM0084
ST4000NM0024
ST2000NM0024
Self-Encryption 4KN models
ST6000NM0064
ST4000NM0064
ST2000NM0064
Self-Encryption 5xxE models
ST6000NM0044
ST4000NM0044
ST2000NM0044
SED (FIPS 140-2) 4KN model
(Review Pending)
SED (FIPS 140-2) 5xxE model
ST6000NM0094
ST6000NM0084
100740544, Rev. F
August 2015
Document Revision History
Revision
Date
Description of changes
Rev. A
05/15/2014
Initial release.
Rev. B
05/23/2014
Pages 4 & 6.
Rev. C
06/19/2014
Pages fc, 2, 4, 6-7, 10, 23-24 & 34.
Rev. D
10/14/2014
Pages 8 & 21.
Rev. E
07/14/2015
Pages FC: New cover design
Pages FC & BC: New logo
Pages FC, 5 & 7: Removed “Review Pending” from FIPS model
Pages FC, 5, 7, 9 & 37: Removed ST6000NM0094 (4KN-FIPS)
Rev. F
08/03/2015
Pages FC, 5, 7, 9 & 37: Replace ST6000NM0094 (4KN-FIPS) “Review Pending”
Pages 8 & 19: Updated Shock specs.
© 2015 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved.
Publication number: 100740544, Rev. F August 2015
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC in the United States and/or
other countries. PowerChoice and SeaTools are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its
affiliated companies in the United States and/or other countries. The FIPS logo is a certification mark of NIST, which does not imply
product endorsement by NIST, the U.S., or Canadian governments. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of
their respective owners.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission of Seagate Technology LLC.
Call 877-PUB-TEK1 (877-782-8351) to request permission.
When referring to drive capacity, one gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your
computer’s operating system may use a different standard of measurement and report a lower capacity. In addition, some of the listed
capacity is used for formatting and other functions, and thus will not be available for data storage. Actual quantities will vary based on
various factors, including file size, file format, features and application software. Actual data rates may vary depending on operating
environment and other factors. The export or re-export of hardware or software containing encryption may be regulated by the U.S.
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (for more information, visit www.bis.doc.gov), and controlled for import and
use outside of the U.S. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product offerings or specifications.
Contents
Seagate Technology Support Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.0
Drive specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1
Specification summary tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.2.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.3
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.4
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.5.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.5.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.5.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.5.4
Extended Power Conditions - PowerChoiceTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.6
Environmental limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.6.1
Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.6.2
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.6.3
Effective Altitude (sea level) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.6.4
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.6.5
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.7
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.8
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.9
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.10
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.10.1
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF). . . . . 21
2.11
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.2
Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2.11.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.12
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.12.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . 23
2.12.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.13
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.14
Reference documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.15
Product warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.1
Mechanical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.0
About FIPS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.0
About self-encrypting drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1
Data encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2
Controlled access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.1
Admin SP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2
Locking SP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.3
Default password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3
Random number generator (RNG). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
25
25
25
25
25
26
29
29
29
29
29
29
30
2
Contents
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
6.0
Drive locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cryptographic erase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Authenticated firmware download. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RevertSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ATA Security Erase Unit Command on SED SATA drives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sanitize Device - CRYPTO SCRAMBLE EXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
30
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
Serial ATA (SATA) interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.1
Identify Device command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
32
32
33
35
39
40
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
3
Seagate® Technology Support Services
For information regarding online support and services, visit: http://www.seagate.com/contacts/
Available services include:
• Presales & Technical support
• Global Support Services telephone numbers & business hours
• Authorized Service Centers
For information regarding Warranty Support, visit: http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-replacements/
For information regarding data recovery services, visit: http://www.seagate.com/services-software/data-recovery-services/
For Seagate OEM and Distribution partner portal, visit: http://www.seagate.com/partners
For Seagate reseller portal, visit: http://www.seagate.com/partners/my-spp-dashboard/
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
4
1.0
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following:
Seagate® Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA model drives:.
4KN Models
5xxE Models
Standard
models
Self-Encrypting
(SED) models
FIPS 140-2 Level 2
(Review Pending)
Standard
models
Self-Encrypting
(SED) models
FIPS 140-2
Level 2 model
ST6000NM0004
ST6000NM0064
ST6000NM0094
ST6000NM0024
ST6000NM0044
ST6000NM0084
ST4000NM0004
ST4000NM0064
ST4000NM0024
ST4000NM0044
ST2000NM0004
ST2000NM0064
ST2000NM0024
ST2000NM0044
ST5000NM0084
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7200 RPM spindle speed.
• 128 MB data buffer.
• PowerChoice™ for selectable power savings
• Top Cover Attached motor for excellent vibration tolerance
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 600MB per second).
• Perpendicular recording technology provides the drives with increased areal density.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queuing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• SeaTools™ diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Supports latching SATA cables and connectors.
• Worldwide Name (WWN) capability uniquely identifies the drive.
Note
Seagate recommends validating the configuration with the selected HBA/RAID
controller manufacturer to ensure use of full capacity is supported.
For more information on FIPS 140-2 Level 2 certification see See Section 4.0 on page 28 .
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
5
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary advantages
include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity.
It is not necessary to set any jumpers or other configuration options.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial ATA was
designed to allow users to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disk drive in the current system and expect all of
the existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disk drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is
no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two drives are attached on one Serial
ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both “masters” on two separate ports.
This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
Note
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two devices
on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and Device 1 (slave)
accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a master/slave
environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA environment.
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide backward
compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers, PIO and DMA data
transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred
to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how
Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment” specification. The
specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
6
2.0
Drive specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal power. For
convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the following drive models:
4KN Models
5xxE Models
Standard
models
Self-Encrypting
(SED) models
FIPS 140-2
Level 2 model
Standard
models
Self-Encrypting
(SED) models
FIPS 140-2
Level 2 model
ST6000NM0004
ST6000NM0064
ST6000NM0094
ST6000NM0024
ST6000NM0044
ST6000NM0084
ST4000NM0004
ST4000NM0064
ST4000NM0024
ST4000NM0044
ST2000NM0004
ST2000NM0064
ST2000NM0024
ST2000NM0044
ST5000NM0084
2.1
Specification summary tables
The specifications listed in the following tables are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement or
definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
Table 1 Drive specifications summary
Drive specification
Formatted (512 bytes/sector)*
ST6000NM0004, ST6000NM0024
ST6000NM0064, ST6000NM0044
ST6000NM0084, ST6000NM0094
6TB
Guaranteed sectors
ST5000NM0084
ST4000NM0004
ST4000NM0024
ST4000NM0064
ST4000NM0044
ST2000NM0004
ST2000NM0024
ST2000NM0064
ST2000NM0044
5TB
4TB
2TB
(see Section 2.2)
Heads
12
8
4
Discs
6
4
2
680g (1.50 lb)
610g (1.34 lb)
Bytes per logical sector
512
Bytes per physical sector
4096
Recording density, KBPI (Kb/in max)
1981
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.)
320
Areal density,
(Gb/in2 avg)
633
Spindle speed (RPM)
7200
Internal data transfer rate (Mb/s max)
2317
Sustained data transfer rate OD
(MiB/s max)
216 (226 MB/s max)
I/O data-transfer rate (MB/s max)
600
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
ATA data-transfer modes supported
Cache buffer
Weight: (maximum)
Average latency
128MB (129,536KB)
780g (1.72 lb)
4.16ms
Power-on to ready (sec) (typ/max)
23/30
Standby to ready (sec) (typ/max)
23/30
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.6A
2.0A (optional configuration through Smart Command Transport)
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V +10/-5%
12V ±10%
Ambient temperature
5° to 60°C (operating/tested)
–40° to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient
(°C per hour max)
20°C (operating)
30°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
Relative humidity gradient
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
30% per hour max
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
7
Drive specification
ST6000NM0004, ST6000NM0024
ST6000NM0064, ST6000NM0044
ST6000NM0084, ST6000NM0094
ST5000NM0084
Altitude, operating
–304.8 m to 3,048 m
(–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–304.8 m to 12,192 m
(–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
Operational Shock (max at 2 ms)
Non-Operational Shock (max at 2 ms)
Vibration, operating
Operation Rotational vibration
Vibration, nonoperating
ST4000NM0004
ST4000NM0024
ST4000NM0064
ST4000NM0044
ST2000NM0004
ST2000NM0024
ST2000NM0064
ST2000NM0044
Read 70 Gs / Write 40 Gs
250 Gs
300 Gs
5–22 Hz:
0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz: 0.25 Gs
20–1500Hz: 12.5 rads/s²
10–500 Hz:
4.9 Grms ref
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Idle**
2.8 (typical)
3.0 (max)
Performance seek
3.2 (typical)
3.4 (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
1 sector per 1015 bits read
0.44% based on 8760 POH
Maximum Rated Workload
Maximum rate of <550TB/year
Workloads exceeding the annualized rate may degrade the drive MTBF and impact product reliability. The
Annualized Workload Rate is in units of TB per year, or TB per 8760 power on hours. Workload Rate = TB
transferred * (8760 / recorded power on hours).
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page:
http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-replacements/.
From this page, click on the “Check to see if the drive is under Warranty” link. The following are required to be
provided: the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase.The system will
display the warranty information for the drive.
Load-unload cycles
600,000
Supports Hotplug operation per
Serial ATA Revision 3.2 specification
Yes
*One GB equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational
levels.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
8
2.2
Formatted capacity
ST models
Formatted capacity*
Guaranteed sectors
ST6000NM0024
ST6000NM0044
ST6000NM0084
6TB
11,721,045,168
ST5000NM0084
5TB
9,767,541,168
ST4000NM0024
ST4000NM0044
4TB
7,814,037,168
ST2000NM0024
ST2000NM0044
2TB
3,907,029,168
ST6000NM0004
ST6000NM0064
ST6000NM0094
6TB
1,465,130,646
ST4000NM0004
ST4000NM0064
4TB
976,754,646
ST2000NM0004
ST2000NM0064
2TB
488,378,646
Bytes per logical sector
512
4096
*One GB equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and formatting.
2.2.1
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1, where n is the
number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 6.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48-bit addressing
support of drives with capacities over 137GB.
2.3
Recording and interface technology
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
Perpendicular
Recording density, KBPI (Kb/in max)
1981
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg)
320
Areal density (Gb/in2 avg)
633
Spindle speed (RPM) (± 0.2%)
7200
Internal data transfer rate (Mb/s max)
2317
Sustained data transfer rate (MiB/s max)
216
I/O data-transfer rate (MB/s max)
600 (Ultra DMA mode 5)
2.4
Start/stop times
Power-on to Ready (sec) (typ/max)
23/30
Standby to Ready (sec) (typ/max)
23/30
Ready to spindle stop (sec) (max)
23
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.5
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. See Figure 8 on page 25.
2.5.1
Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in Table 2 through Table 4. Typical power measurements are based on an
average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient temperature.
Table 2 DC power requirements (6TB and ST5000NM0084)
Notes
Voltage
6.0Gb mode
+5V
Regulation
+12V
± 5%
Avg Idle Current *
Watts
Total
0.19
0.59
8.00
Idle_A
0.14
0.60
7.85
Idle_B
0.13
0.53
6.97
Idle_C
0.13
0.31
4.43
Standby
0.11
0.01
0.67
Advanced Idle Current *
Maximum Start Current
DC (peak DC)
3
0.37
2.28
29.21
AC (Peak DC)
3
0.56
2.95
38.20
3
0.12
0.01
0.73
0.22
0.79
10.62
Delayed Motor Start (DC max)
Peak operating current (random read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.23
0.84
11.21
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.17
2.31
33.57
0.22
0.65
8.91
Peak operating current (random write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.23
0.70
9.55
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.45
3.08
44.21
0.52
0.64
10.32
Peak operating current (sequential read)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.54
0.69
10.98
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.72
1.08
16.56
0.44
0.68
10.35
Peak operating current (sequential write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.46
0.72
10.94
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.60
1.06
15.72
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational
levels.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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Table 3 DC power requirements (4TB)
Notes
Voltage
6.0Gb mode
+5V
Regulation
+12V
± 5%
Avg Idle Current *
Watts
Total
0.21
0.35
5.23
Idle_A
0.14
0.36
4.99
Idle_B
0.13
0.31
4.40
Idle_C
0.14
0.19
2.97
Standby
0.12
0.01
0.68
Advanced Idle Current *
Maximum Start Current
DC (peak DC)
3
0.36
2.07
26.64
AC (Peak DC)
3
0.59
2.92
37.99
3
0.13
0.01
0.72
0.24
0.69
9.50
Delayed Motor Start (DC max)
Peak operating current (random read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.25
0.75
10.25
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.10
2.33
33.46
0.24
0.50
7.21
Peak operating current (random write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.25
0.53
7.61
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.31
2.41
35.47
0.54
0.38
7.32
Peak operating current (sequential read)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.57
0.40
7.65
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.78
0.85
14.10
0.47
0.41
7.29
Peak operating current (sequential write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.48
0.43
7.56
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.72
1.22
18.24
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to
operational levels
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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Table 4 2TB Drive DC power requirements
Notes
Voltage
6.0Gb mode
+5V
Regulation
+12V
± 5%
Avg Idle Current *
Watts
Total
0.19
0.23
3.71
Idle_A
0.14
0.24
3.60
Idle_B
0.12
0.21
3.19
Idle_C
0.13
0.14
2.37
Standby
0.12
0.01
0.69
Advanced Idle Current *
Maximum Start Current
DC (peak DC)
3
0.36
3.63
45.36
AC (Peak DC)
3
0.57
2.98
38.61
3
0.12
0.01
0.72
0.23
0.57
7.92
Delayed Motor Start (DC max)
Peak operating current (random read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.25
0.59
8.33
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.09
2.22
32.09
0.23
0.39
5.84
Peak operating current (random write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.25
0.41
6.17
Maximum DC (peak)
3
1.38
2.29
34.38
0.52
0.27
5.91
Peak operating current (sequential read)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.57
0.28
6.21
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.86
0.72
12.94
0.45
0.30
5.89
Peak operating current (sequential write)
Typical DC
Maximum DC
3
0.48
0.32
6.24
Maximum DC (peak)
3
0.61
0.74
11.93
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational
levels.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.5.1.1
Typical current profiles
Figure 1.
6TB & ST5000NM0084 Typical 5V startup and operation current profile
Figure 2.
6TB & ST5000NM0084 Typical 12V startup and operation current profile
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
13
2.5.1.2
Typical current profiles
Figure 3.
4TB Typical 5V startup and operation current profile
Figure 4.
4TB Typical 12V startup and operation current profile
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
14
2.5.1.3
Typical current profiles
Figure 5.
2TB Typical 5V startup and operation current profile
Figure 6.
2TB Typical 12V startup and operation current profile
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.5.2
Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on the +12 V line
or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5V line.
• Using 12V power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120mV peak-to-peak square-wave injected noise at
up to 10MHz.
• Using 5V power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100mV peak-to-peak square-wave injected noise at
up to 10MHz.
Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write current.
Note
2.5.3
Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
5V +10/ -5%
2.5.4
12V ± 10%
Extended Power Conditions - PowerChoiceTM
Utilizing the load/unload architecture a programmable power management interface is provided to tailor systems for reduced
power consumption and performance requirements.
The table below lists the supported power conditions available in PowerChoice. Power conditions are ordered from highest
power consumption (and shortest recovery time) to lowest power consumption (and longest recovery time) as follows: Idle_a
power >= Idle_b power >= Idle_c power >= Standby_z power. The further users go down in the table, the more power
savings is actualized. For example, Idle_b results in greater power savings than the Idle_a power condition. Standby results
in the greatest power savings.
Power Condition Name
Power Condition ID
Description
Idle_a
81H
Reduced electronics
Idle_b
82H
Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at full RPM
Idle_c
83H
Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at reduced RPM
Standby_z
00H
Heads unloaded. Motor stopped (disks not spinning)
Each power condition has a set of current, saved and default settings. Default settings are not modifiable. Default and saved
settings persist across power-on resets. The current settings do not persist across power-on resets. At the time of
manufacture, the default, saved and current settings are in the Power Conditions log match.
PowerChoice is invoked using one of two methods
• Automatic power transitions which are triggered by expiration of individual power condition timers. These timer values may
be customized and enabled using the Extended Power Conditions (EPC) feature set using the standardized Set Features
command interface.
• Immediate host commanded power transitions may be initiated using an EPC Set Features "Go to Power Condition" subcommand to enter any supported power condition. Legacy power commands Standby Immediate and Idle Immediate also
provide a method to directly transition the drive into supported power conditions.
PowerChoice exits power saving states under the following conditions
• Any command which requires the drive to enter the PM0: Active state (media access)
• Power on reset
PowerChoice provides the following reporting methods for tracking purposes
Check Power Mode Command
• Reports the current power state of the drive
Identify Device Command
• EPC Feature set supported flag
• EPC Feature enabled flag is set if at least one Idle power condition timer is enabled
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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Power Condition Log reports the following for each power condition
• Nominal recovery time from the power condition to active
• If the power condition is Supported, Changeable, and Savable
• Default enabled state, and timer value
• Saved enabled state, and timer value
• Current enabled state, and timer value
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data Reports
• Attribute 192 - Emergency Retract Count
• Attribute 193 - Load/Unload Cycle Count
PowerChoice Manufacture Default Power Condition Timer Values
Default power condition timer values have been established to assure product reliability and data integrity. A minimum timer
value threshold of two minutes ensures the appropriate amount of background drive maintenance activities occur.
Attempting to set a timer values less than the specified minimum timer value threshold will result in an aborted EPC "Set
Power Condition Timer" subcommand.
Power Condition Name
Manufacturer Default Timer Values
Idle_a
2 min
Idle_b
4 min
Idle_c
10 min
Standby_z
15 min
Setting power condition timer values less than the manufacturer specified defaults or issuing the EPC "Go to Power
Condition" subcommand at a rate exceeding the default timers may limit this products reliability and data integrity.
PowerChoice Supported Extended Power Condition Feature Subcommands
EPC Subcommand
Description
00H
Restore Power Condition Settings
01H
Go to Power Condition
02H
Set Power Condition Timer
03H
Set Power Condition State
04H
Enable EPC Feature Set
05H
Disable EPC Feature Set
PowerChoice Supported Extended Power Condition Identifiers
Power Condition Identifiers Power Condition Name
00H
Standby_z
01 - 80H
Reserved
81H
Idle_a
82H
Idle_b
83H
Idle_c
84 - FEH
Reserved
FFH
All EPC Power Conditions
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.6
Environmental limits
Temperature and humidity values experienced by the drive must be such that condensation does not occur on any drive part.
Altitude and atmospheric pressure specifications are referenced to a standard day at 58.7°F (14.8°C).
To maintain optimal performance drives should be run at nominal drive temperatures and humidity.
Note
2.6.1
Temperature
a. Operating
41°F to 140°F (5°C to 60°C) drive case temperature range with a maximum temperature gradient of 36°F (20°C) per hour.
The maximum allowable drive case temperature is 140°F (60°C).
Air flow may be required to achieve consistent nominal case temperature values (see Section 3.4). To confirm that the
required cooling is provided for the electronics and HDA, place the drive in its final mechanical configuration, and perform
random write/read operations. After the temperatures stabilize, measure the case temperature of the drive. See Figure 7
for HDA temperature checkpoint.
b. Non-operating
–40° to 158°F (–40° to 70°C) package ambient with a maximum gradient of 36°F (20°C) per hour. This specification
assumes that the drive is packaged in the shipping container designed by Seagate for use with drive.
HDA Temp.
Check Point
Figure 7.
Location of the HDA temperature check point
Image is for reference only, may not represent actual drive
Note
2.6.2
Humidity
The values below assume that no condensation on the drive occurs. Maximum wet bulb temperature is 84.2°F (29°C).
2.6.2.1
Relative humidity
Operating:
5% to 95% non-condensing relative humidity with a maximum gradient of 20% per hour.
Nonoperating:
5% to 95% non-condensing relative humidity with a maximum gradient of 20% per hour.
2.6.3
Effective Altitude (sea level)
Operating:
–304.8 m to 3048 m (–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Nonoperating:
–304.8 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.6.4
Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive mounting screws.
Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.6.4.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum operating shock
of 70 Gs (read) and 40 Gs (write) based on half-sine shock pulses of 2ms. Shocks should not be repeated more than two
times per second.
2.6.4.2
Nonoperating shock
6, 5TB models
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in
performance when subsequently put into operation is 250 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse of 2ms
duration.
4, 2TB models
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in
performance when subsequently put into operation is 300 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse of 2ms
duration.
2.6.5
Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the drive mounting
screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.6.5.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this
document are specified below.
5–22 Hz
0.25 Gs
22–350 Hz
0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz
0.25 Gs
20 - 1500Hz
*(RROV)
12.5 rads/s2 w/RVFF
* Rotary Random Operating Vibration
2.6.5.2
Nonoperating vibration
The maximum nonoperating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
10–500 Hz
Linear Random
5.0 Grms ref
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.7
Acoustics
Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All measurements are
consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially free-field conditions over a
reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward.
For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of
seeks per second is defined by the following equation:
Note
(Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time
)
Table 5 Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics
All models
Idle*
Performance seek
2.8 bels (typ)
3.0 bels (max)
3.2 bels (typ)
3.4 bels (max)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational
levels.
2.8
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs)
Seagate follows the ECMA-74 standards for measurement and identification of PDTs. An exception to this process is the use
of the absolute threshold of hearing. Seagate uses this threshold curve (originated in ISO 389-7) to discern tone audibility and
to compensate for the inaudible components of sound prior to computation of tone ratios according to Annex D of the ECMA74 standards.
2.9
Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in performance
when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following table:
Table 6 Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance level
Reference standard
Electrostatic discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN 61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF immunity
80 to 1000 MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1 kHz sine
900 MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200 Hz
A
EN 61000-4-3: 96
ENV 50204: 95
Electrical fast transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O
B
EN 61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains
B
EN 61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF immunity 150 kHz to 80 MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1 kHz sine A
EN 61000-4-6: 97
Voltage dips, interrupts
0% open, 5 seconds
0% short, 5 seconds
40%, 0.10 seconds
70%, 0.01 seconds
C
C
C
B
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
EN 61000-4-11: 94
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2.10
Reliability
2.10.1 Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
The production disk drive shall achieve an annualized failure-rate of 0.44% (MTBF of 2,000,000 hours) over a 5 year service
life when used in Enterprise Storage field conditions as limited by the following:
• 8760 power-on hours per year.
• HDA temperature as reported by the drive <= 40°C
• Ambient wet bulb temp <= 26°C
• Typical workload
• The AFR (MTBF) is a population statistic not relevant to individual units
• ANSI/ISA S71.04-2013 G2 classification levels and dust contamination to ISO 14644-1 Class 8 standards (as measured at
the device)
The MTBF specification for the drive assumes the operating environment is designed to maintain nominal drive temperature
and humidity. Occasional excursions in operating conditions between the rated MTBF conditions and the maximum drive
operating conditions may occur without significant impact to the rated MTBF. However continual or sustained operation
beyond the rated MTBF conditions will degrade the drive MTBF and reduce product reliability..
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1015 bits read, max
Load unload cycles
600,000 cycles
Maximum Rated Workload
Maximum rate of <550TB/year
Workloads exceeding the annualized rate may degrade the drive MTBF and impact product
reliability. The Annualized Workload Rate is in units of TB per year, or TB per 8760 power on
hours. Workload Rate = TB transferred * (8760 / recorded power on hours).
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web
page: http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-replacements/.
From this page, click on the “Check to see if the drive is under Warranty” link. The following are
required to be provided: the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of
purchase.The system will display the warranty information for the drive.
Preventive maintenance
None required.
2.11
Agency certification
2.11.1 Safety certification
These products are certified to meet the requirements of UL60950-1, CSA60950-1 and EN60950 and so marked as to the
certify agency.
2.11.2 Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic
Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) as put into place 20 July 2007. Testing is performed to the levels specified by the
product standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined by EN 55022, Class B and the
immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply with the directives when
used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the directives. The drive is designed for
operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O cable (if necessary) and terminators on all unused
I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators should confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their
products.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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Korean RRL
If these drives have the Korean Communications Commission (KCC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the
Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework
requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Communications Commission, Republic of Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMI/EMS)
for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized lab.
Canada ICES-003
If this model has the ICES-003 Marking it complies with the Canadian Standard Association Standard CAN/CSA-CISPR 2210, Information Technology Equipment - Radio Disturbance Characteristics - Limits and Methods of Measurement.
Australian RCM Mark
If this model has the RCM Marking it complies with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ CISPR22 and meets the
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of Australia’s Radiocommunications Act.
2.11.3 FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached as an
external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed to the
customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification of the device is required.
Seagate has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total assembly (enclosure, disk drive,
motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B computing device, pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15
of the FCC rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is likely to result in interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed and
used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio and television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to
radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, users are encouraged to try one or more of
the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, users should consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. Users
may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission: How to Identify and Resolve
Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.12
Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations restricting
certain chemical substances.
2.12.1 European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
The European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence of chemical substances,
including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products, effective July 2006. This
drive is manufactured with components and materials that comply with the RoHS Directive.
2.12.2 China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following table contains
information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic
Information Products" Standard.
"O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower than the
threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
"X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over the threshold
defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
2.13
Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to light industrial
environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM B845. However, this
accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users should use caution exposing any
electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive chemicals as electronic drive component reliability
can be affected by the installation environment. The silver, copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are
especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In
addition, electronic components should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board
assembly (PCBA) or exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such
as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any
electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
Seagate Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD v4 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. F
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2.14
Reference documents
Trusted Computing Group (TCG) Documents (apply to Self-Encrypting Drive models only)
TCG Storage Architecture Core Specification, Rev. 1.0
TCG Storage Security Subsystem Class Enterprise Specification, Rev. 1.0
In case of conflict between this document and any referenced document, this document takes precedence.
2.15
Product warranty
Beginning on the date of shipment to the customer and continuing for the period specified in the purchase contract, Seagate
warrants that each product (including components and subassemblies) that fails to function properly under normal use due to
defect in materials or workmanship or due to nonconformance to the applicable specifications will be repaired or replaced, at
Seagate’s option and at no charge to the customer, if returned by customer at customer’s expense to Seagate’s designated
facility in accordance with Seagate’s warranty procedure. Seagate will pay for transporting the repair or replacement item to
the customer. For more detailed warranty information, refer to the standard terms and conditions of purchase for Seagate
products on the purchase documentation.
The remaining warranty for a particular drive can be determined by calling Seagate Customer Service at 1-800-468-3472.
Users can also determine remaining warranty using the Seagate web site (www.seagate.com). The drive serial number is
required to determine remaining warranty information.
Shipping
When transporting or shipping a drive, use only a Seagate-approved container. Keep the original box. Seagate approved
containers are easily identified by the Seagate Approved Package label. Shipping a drive in a non-approved container voids
the drive warranty.
Seagate repair centers may refuse receipt of components improperly packaged or obviously damaged in transit. Contact the
authorized Seagate distributor to purchase additional boxes. Seagate recommends shipping by an air-ride carrier
experienced in handling computer equipment.
Storage
The maximum recommended storage period for the drive in a non-operational environment is 90 days. Drives should be
stored in the original unopened Seagate shipping packaging whenever possible. Once the drive is removed from the
Seagate original packaging the recommended maximum period between drive operation cycles is 30 days. During any
storage period the drive non-operational temperature, humidity, wet bulb, atmospheric conditions, shock, vibration, magnetic
and electrical field specifications should be followed.
Product repair and return information
Seagate customer service centers are the only facilities authorized to service Seagate drives. Seagate does not sanction
any third-party repair facilities. Any unauthorized repair or tampering with the factory seal voids the warranty.
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3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD)
hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution
3.2
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground oneself frequently by touching the metal chassis of
a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire installation
procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until mounting it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are used to seal out
dirt and contamination.
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects point-to-point with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is no master/slave
relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two drives are attached on one
Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both “masters” on two separate
ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable
size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 in). See Table
Signal connector
7 for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to
Power connector
the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the
host receptacle. The drive and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable
the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind mateable.
For installations which require cables, users can connect the drive as illustrated in
Figure 8.
Signal cable
Power cable
Figure 8. Attaching SATA cabling
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD Serial ATA drives support latching SATA
connectors.
3.4
Drive mounting
Users can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting
holes or four screws in the bottom-mounting holes. See Figure 10 and 11 for drive
mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting
the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 in (0.76mm) around the entire perimeter of the
drive for cooling.
• Use only 6-32 UNC mounting screws.
Breather Hole
Do Not
Cover
• The screws should be inserted no more than 0.150 in (3.81mm) into the bottom or side
mounting holes.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 6 in-lb).
• Do not cover breather hole on top cover.
Figure 9. Breather hole location - top cover
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3.4.1
Mechanical specifications
Refer to Figure 10 and 11 for detailed mounting configuration dimensions. See Section 3.4, “Drive mounting.”
Weight:
Note
6TB & ST5000NM0084 models
4TB models
2TB models
1.72 lb
1.50 lb
1.34 lb
780 g
680 g
610 g
These dimensions conform to the Small Form Factor Standard
documented in SFF-8301 and SFF-8323, found at www.sffcommittee.org
in
mm
in
mm
in
mm
Figure 10.
Note
Mounting configuration dimensions (2TB & 4TB)
The image is for mechanical dimension reference only and may not represent the actual drive.
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Figure 11.
Note
Mounting configuration dimensions (6TB models & ST5000NM0084)
The image is for mechanical dimension reference only and may not represent the actual drive.
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4.0
About FIPS
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 140-2 is a U.S. Government Computer Security Standard
used to accredit cryptographic modules. It is titled 'Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules (FIPS PUB 140-2)' and
is issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Purpose
This standard specifies the security requirements that will be satisfied by a cryptographic module utilized within a security
system protecting sensitive but unclassified information. The standard provides four increasing, qualitative levels of security:
Level 1, Level 2, Level 3 and Level 4. These levels are intended to cover the wide range of potential applications and
environments in which cryptographic modules may be employed.
Seagate Enterprise SEDs
The SEDs referenced in this Product Manual have been validated by CMVP and have been thoroughly tested by a NVLAP
accredited lab to satisfy FIPS 140-2 Level 2 requirements. In order to operate in FIPS Approved Mode of Operation, these
SEDs require security initialization. For more information, refer to 'Security Rules' section in the 'Security Policy' document
uploaded on the NIST website. To reference the product certification visit - http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cmvp/documents/
140-1/1401vend.htm and search for "Seagate".
Level 2 security
Security Level 2 enhances the physical security mechanisms of a Security Level 1 cryptographic module by adding the
requirement for tamper-evidence, which includes the use of tamper-evident coatings or seals on removable covers of the
module. Tamper-evident coatings or seals are placed on a cryptographic module so that the coating or seal must be broken
to attain physical access to the critical security parameters (CSP) within the module. Tamper-evident seals are placed on
covers to protect against unauthorized physical access. In addition Security Level 2 requires, at a minimum, role-based
authentication in which a cryptographic module authenticates the authorization of an operator to assume a specific role and
perform a corresponding set of services.
Figure 12.
Note
Example of FIPS tamper evidence labels.
Image is for reference only, may not represent actual drive
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5.0
About self-encrypting drives
Self-encrypting drives (SEDs) offer encryption and security services for the protection of stored data, commonly known as
“protection of data at rest.” These drives are compliant with the Trusted Computing Group (TCG) Enterprise Storage
Specifications as detailed in Section 2.14.
The Trusted Computing Group (TCG) is an organization sponsored and operated by companies in the computer, storage
and digital communications industry. Seagate’s SED models comply with the standards published by the TCG.
To use the security features in the drive, the host must be capable of constructing and issuing the following two ATA
commands:
• Trusted Send
• Trusted Receive
These commands are used to convey the TCG protocol to and from the drive in their command payloads.
5.1
Data encryption
Encrypting drives use one inline encryption engine for each port, employing AES-256 data encryption in Cipher Block
Chaining (CBC) mode to encrypt all data prior to being written on the media and to decrypt all data as it is read from the
media. The encryption engines are always in operation and cannot be disabled.
The 32-byte Data Encryption Key (DEK) is a random number which is generated by the drive, never leaves the drive, and is
inaccessible to the host system. The DEK is itself encrypted when it is stored on the media and when it is in volatile
temporary storage (DRAM) external to the encryption engine. A unique data encryption key is used for each of the drive's
possible16 data bands (see Section 5.5).
5.2
Controlled access
The drive has two security providers (SPs) called the "Admin SP" and the "Locking SP." These act as gatekeepers to the
drive security services. Security-related commands will not be accepted unless they also supply the correct credentials to
prove the requester is authorized to perform the command.
5.2.1
Admin SP
The Admin SP allows the drive's owner to enable or disable firmware download operations (see Section 5.4). Access to the
Admin SP is available using the SID (Secure ID) password or the MSID (Manufacturers Secure ID) password.
5.2.2
Locking SP
The Locking SP controls read/write access to the media and the cryptographic erase feature. Access to the Locking SP is
available using the BandMasterX or EraseMaster passwords. Since the drive owner can define up to 16 data bands on the
drive, each data band has its own password called BandMasterX where X is the number of the data band (0 through 15).
5.2.3
Default password
When the drive is shipped from the factory, all passwords are set to the value of MSID. This 32-byte random value can only
be read by the host electronically over the interface. After receipt of the drive, it is the responsibility of the owner to use the
default MSID password as the authority to change all other passwords to unique owner-specified values.
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5.3
Random number generator (RNG)
The drive has a 32-byte hardware RNG that it is uses to derive encryption keys or, if requested to do so, to provide random
numbers to the host for system use, including using these numbers as Authentication Keys (passwords) for the drive’s
Admin and Locking SPs.
5.4
Drive locking
In addition to changing the passwords, as described in Section 5.2.3, the owner should also set the data access controls for
the individual bands.
The variable "LockOnReset" should be set to "PowerCycle" to ensure that the data bands will be locked if power is lost. In
addition "ReadLockEnabled" and "WriteLockEnabled" must be set to true in the locking table in order for the bands
"LockOnReset" setting of "PowerCycle" to actually lock access to the band when a "PowerCycle" event occurs. This
scenario occurs if the drive is removed from its cabinet. The drive will not honor any data read or write requests until the
bands have been unlocked. This prevents the user data from being accessed without the appropriate credentials when the
drive has been removed from its cabinet and installed in another system.
When the drive is shipped from the factory, the firmware download port is unlocked.
5.5
Data bands
When shipped from the factory, the drive is configured with a single data band called Band 0 (also known as the Global Data
Band) which comprises LBA 0 through LBA max. The host may allocate Band1 by specifying a start LBA and an LBA range.
The real estate for this band is taken from the Global Band. An additional 14 Data Bands may be defined in a similar way
(Band2 through Band15) but before these bands can be allocated LBA space, they must first be individually enabled using
the EraseMaster password.
Data bands cannot overlap but they can be sequential with one band ending at LBA (x) and the next beginning at LBA (x+1).
Each data band has its own drive-generated encryption key and its own user-supplied password. The host may change the
Encryption Key (see Section 5.6) or the password when required. The bands should be aligned to 4K LBA boundaries.
5.6
Cryptographic erase
A significant feature of SEDs is the ability to perform a cryptographic erase. This involves the host telling the drive to change
the data encryption key for a particular band. Once changed, the data is no longer recoverable since it was written with one
key and will be read using a different key. Since the drive overwrites the old key with the new one, and keeps no history of
key changes, the user data can never be recovered. This is tantamount to an instantaneous data erase and is very useful if
the drive is to be scrapped or redispositioned.
5.7
Authenticated firmware download
In addition to providing a locking mechanism to prevent unwanted firmware download attempts, the drive also only accepts
download files which have been cryptographically signed by the appropriate Seagate Design Center.
Three conditions must be met before the drive will allow the download operation:
1. The download must be an SED file. A standard (base) drive (non-SED) file will be rejected.
2. The download file must be signed and authenticated.
3. As with a non-SED drive, the download file must pass the acceptance criteria for the drive. For example it must be applicable to the correct drive model, and have compatible revision and customer status.
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5.8
Power requirements
The standard drive models and the SED drive models have identical hardware, however the security and encryption portion
of the drive controller ASIC is enabled and functional in the SED models. This represents a small additional drain on the 5V
supply of about 30mA and a commensurate increase of about 150mW in power consumption. There is no additional drain on
the 12V supply. See the tables in Section 2.5 for power requirements on the standard (non-SED) drive models.
5.9
Supported commands
The SED models support the following two commands in addition to the commands supported by the standard (non-SED)
models as listed in Table 8:
• Trusted Send (5Eh) or Trusted Send DMA (5Fh)
• Trusted Receive (5Ch) or Trusted Receive DMA (5D)
5.10
RevertSP
SED models will support the RevertSP feature which erases all data in all bands on the device and returns the contents of all
SPs (Security Providers) on the device to their original factory state. In order to execute the RevertSP method the unique
PSID (Physical Secure ID) printed on the drive label must be provided. PSID is not electronically accessible and can only be
manually read from the drive label or scanned in via the 2D barcode.
5.11
ATA Security Erase Unit Command on SED SATA drives
The ATA SECURITY ERASE UNIT command shall support both the Normal and Enhanced erase modes with the following
modifications/additions:
• Normal Erase: Normal erase shall be accomplished by changing the media encryption key for the drive followed by an
overwrite operation that repeatedly writes a single sector containing random data to the entire drive. The write operation
shall bypass the media encryption. On reading back the overwritten sectors, the host will receive a decrypted version,
using the new encryption key, of the random data sector (the returned data will not match what was written).
• Enhanced Erase: Enhanced erase shall be accomplished by changing the media encryption key for the drive.
5.12
Sanitize Device - CRYPTO SCRAMBLE EXT
This command cryptographically erases all user data on the drive by destroying the current data encryption key and
replacing it with a new data encryption key randomly generated by the drive. Sanitize Device is a command field B4h and
Feature field 0011h (CRYPTO SCRAMBLE EXT).
The drive shall support the Sanitize Feature Set as defined in ANSI/INCITS ACS-2 with the exceptions and/or modifications
described in this section.
The drive shall not support the OVERWRITE EXT and BLOCK ERASE EXT sub-commands.
Support of the SANITIZE FREEZE LOCK EXT command shall be determined on a customer-specific basis. OEM drives
shall support the command.
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6.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA programmed
input/output (PIO) modes 0–4; multiword DMA modes 0–2, and Ultra DMA modes 0–6.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment”
specification.
6.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
Enterprise Capacity 3.5 HDD Serial ATA drives incorporate connectors which enable users to hot plug these drives in
accordance with the Serial ATA Revision 3.2 specification. This specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org.
Caution:
The drive motor must come to a complete stop (Ready to spindle stop time indicated in Section 2.4)
prior to changing the plane of operation. This time is required to insure data integrity.
6.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 7 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors.
Table 7 Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Segment Pin
Signal
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A from Phy
S3
A-
S4
Ground
2nd mate
S5
B-
Differential signal pair B from Phy
S6
B+
S7
Ground
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
Power
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Ground or LED signal
If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
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Notes:
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when installed in a blindmate backplane configuration.
4. All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
6.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of the ATA
commands, refer to the Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment specification. See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on
page 40.for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Table 8 Supported ATA commands
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Accessible Max Address Configuration
Get Native Max Address Ext
78H / 0000H
Set Accessible Max Address Ext
78H / 0001H
Freeze Accessible Max Address Ext
78H / 0002H
Check Power Mode
E5H
Download Microcode
92H
Execute Device Diagnostics
90H
Flush Cache
E7H
Flush Cache Extended
EAH
Identify Device
ECH
Idle
E3H
Idle Immediate
E1H
NoP
00H
Read Buffer
E4H
Read Buffer DMA
E9H
Read DMA
C8H
Read DMA Extended
25H
Read FPDMA Queued
60H
Read Log DMA Ext
47H
Read Log Ext
2FH
Read Multiple
C4H
Read Multiple Extended
29H
Read Sectors
20H
Read Sectors Extended
24H
Read Sectors Without Retries
21H
Read Verify Sectors
40H
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42H
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Command name
Command code (in hex)
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries
41H
Request Sense Data Ext
0BH
Sanitize Device - Overwrite Ext
B4H / 0014H
Sanitize Device - Freeze Lock Ext
B4H / 0020H
Sanitize Device - Status Ext
B4H / 0000H
Security Disable Password
F6H
Security Erase Prepare
F3H
Security Erase Unit
F4H
Security Freeze
F5H
Security Set Password
F1H
Security Unlock
F2H
Seek
70H
Set Date & Time Ext
77H
Set Features
EFH
Set Multiple Mode
C6H
Sleep
E6H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0H / D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0H / D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0H / D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0H / D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0H / D1H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0H / D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0H / D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0H / DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0H / D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0H / D6H
Standby
E2H
Standby Immediate
E0H
Trusted Send
5EH (SED drives only)
Trusted Send DMA
5FH (SED drives only)
Trusted Receive
5CH (SED drives only)
Trusted Receive DMA
5DH (SED drives only)
Write Buffer
E8H
Write Buffer DMA
EBH
Write DMA
CAH
Write DMA Extended
35H
Write DMA FUA Extended
3DH
Write FPDMA Queued
61H
Write Log DMA Ext
57H
Write Log Extended
3FH
Write Multiple
C5H
Write Multiple Extended
39H
Write Multiple FUA Extended
CEH
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Command name
Command code (in hex)
Write Sectors
30H
Write Sectors Without Retries
31H
Write Sectors Extended
34H
Write Uncorrectable
45H
6.3.1
Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following power up.
The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in Table 8 on page 33. All reserved bits
or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or vary with the state of the drive. See Section
2.0 on page 7 for default parameter settings.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA specification.
Word
Description
Value
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
0C5AH
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision
(8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to end of string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number:
(40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to end of string)
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple and Write multiple (16)
8010H
48
Trusted computing feature set options
4001H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or Write Multiple command
xxxxH
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Word
Description
Value
60–61
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available
(see Section 2.2 for related information)
*Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is: 0FFFFFFFh (268,435,455 sectors, 137GB). Drives with capacities over 137GB will have 0FFFFFFFh in this field
and the actual number of user-addressable LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is
required for drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature.
0FFFFFFFh*
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported
(see note following this table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 ns)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 ns)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 ns)
0078H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 ns)
0078H
69
Additional supported
00008H
70–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
001FH
76
Serial ATA capabilities
8D0EH
77
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
xxxxH
78
Serial ATA features supported
xxxxH
79
Serial ATA features enabled
xxxxH
80
Major version number
03F0H
81
Minor version number
0000H
82
Command sets supported
306BH
83
Command sets supported
7561H
84
Command sets support extension (see note following this table)
6163H
85
Command sets enabled
3069H
86
Command sets enabled
B401H
87
Command sets enable extension
6163H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note following this table)
007FH
89
Security erase time
xxxxH
90
Enhanced security erase time
xxxxH
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
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Word
Description
Value
100–103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 2.2 for related
information). These words are required for drives that support the 48-bit addressing
feature. Maximum value: 0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
ST6000NM0024 = 11,721,045,168
ST6000NM0044 = 11,721,045,168
ST6000NM0084 = 11,721,045,168
ST6000NM0094 = 11,721,045,168
ST5000NM0084 = 9,767,541,168
ST4000NM0024 = 7,814,037,168
ST4000NM0044 = 7,814,037,168
ST2000NM0024 = 3,907,029,168
ST2000NM0044 = 3,907,029,168
ST6000NM0004 = 1,465,130,646
ST6000NM0064 = 1,465,130,646
ST4000NM0004 = 976,754,646
ST4000NM0064 = 976,754,646
ST2000NM0004 = 488,378,646
ST2000NM0064 = 488,378,646
104–105
ATA-reserved
0000H
106
Physical/Logical sector size
6003H
107
ATA-reserved
0000H
108–111
The mandatory value of the world wide name (WWN) for the drive.
NOTE: This field is valid if word 84, bit 8 is set to 1 indicating 64-bit WWN support.
Each drive will have a unique
value.
112–118
ATA-reserved
0000H
119
Commands and feature sets supported
410EH
120
Commands and feature sets supported or enabled
409CH
121-127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0021H
129–159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–205
ATA-reserved
0000H
206
SCT Command Transport command set.
If bit 0 is set to one, then the device supports SCT Command Transport.
Bits 7:2 indicate individual SCT feature support.
xxBDH
207-254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 84, and 88 of the Identify Drive data.
Note
Description (if bit is set to 1)
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Bit
Word 84
0
SMART error logging is supported.
1
SMART self-test is supported.
2
Media serial number is supported.
3
Media Card Pass Through Command feature set is supported.
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4
Streaming feature set is supported.
5
GPL feature set is supported.
6
WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT commands are supported.
7
WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command is supported.
8
64-bit World Wide Name is supported.
9-10
Obsolete.
11-12
Reserved for TLC.
13
IDLE IMMEDIATE command with IUNLOAD feature is supported.
14
Shall be set to 1.
15
Shall be cleared to 0.
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported.
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported.
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
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6.3.2
Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives this
command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in
the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted. Power-on default has the read
look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the Features register are defined as follows
Table 9 Set Features command values
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
10H
Enable use of SATA features
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
90H
Disable use of SATA features
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above.
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6.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disk drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors
predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines that a failure is
likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable. S.M.A.R.T. predictability is
limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T. commands and implementation, see the
Draft ATA-5 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4 H ) that eliminates
unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://www.seagate.com/support/downloads/seatools/.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. Users must have a recent BIOS or software package that supports
S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the drive uses.
Table 10 S.M.A.R.T. commands
Code in features register S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the
command is aborted and 0x 04 (abort) is written to the Error register.
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Publication Number: 100740544, Rev. F
August 2015
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