(European Union − 15 countries*)

MORTALITY FROM SMOKING
IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
1950−2000
(2nd edition, revised June 2006:
www.deathsfromsmoking.net)
Richard Peto, Alan D Lopez,
Jillian Boreham and Michael Thun
EU15
(European Union − 15 countries*)
Raw data
(pages 14−15, 16−17)
Analyses
(pages 18−19, 20−21, 22−23)
Appendix
(pages 24−25)
*Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK
14
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries*): 2000
No. of deaths
Standardised rates
(Source: WHO)
(defined overleaf)
All ages
ALL CAUSES
Tuberculosis
HIV
Other infective
and parasitic
ALL CANCER
Mouth and
pharynx cancer
Oesophagus cancer
Stomach cancer
Colorectal cancer
Liver cancer
Pancreas cancer
Larynx cancer
Lung cancer
Malignant melanoma
Female breast cancer
Cervix cancer
Other uterine cancer
Ovarian cancer
Prostate cancer
Bladder cancer
Other and ill−defined
cancer sites
Hodgkin’s disease
Myeloma and non−
Hodgkin lymphomas
Leukaemia
Diabetes
ALL VASCULAR
DISEASE
Rheumatic heart
disease and fever
Hypertensive disease
Ischaemic heart
disease
Pulmonary embolism
and other venous
Cerebrovascular
disease
Other vascular
disease
Chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease
Other respiratory
disease
Peptic ulcer
Liver cirrhosis
Renal disease
Pregnancy, birth
Congenital and
perinatal causes
Ill−defined causes
Other medical causes
ALL NON−
MEDICAL CAUSES
Road traffic
accidents
Fire
Suicide
Homicide
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
F
F
F
F
M
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
1807681
1866409
2568
1644
4679
1135
16085
18156
523696
414216
15033
4536
17054
6088
30466
22147
56622
54417
16463
6797
23552
24197
8832
925
139330
44650
5051
4378
73759
6202
12442
23029
55521
21497
8283
95291
86411
1241
1014
21465
21047
16278
13894
32427
47768
664458
818782
3020
7090
21548
41459
297880
270041
14112
22875
148323
230134
179575
247183
78603
49176
95883
114577
6757
7679
37414
19437
17469
19550
211
10491
8739
54237
72331
150380
208301
112534
64707
30114
10229
1624
1075
32169
11289
2350
1293
POPULATION:
(1000s; UN, 2004 revision)
0−34
65775
30692
57
36
1157
402
920
690
5256
4644
100
52
36
14
141
133
192
187
84
46
67
32
12
2
190
119
229
157
683
206
38
183
7
22
10
2472
1627
162
148
456
262
1086
745
190
126
3669
2078
46
39
48
29
754
184
171
249
742
631
1908
946
284
205
1167
657
34
26
535
276
136
128
144
9068
7199
4655
2023
6739
3561
31908
8497
14536
3870
372
161
7520
1910
1047
513
(zero denoted by −)
35−69 All ages
0−34 35−69
583571
304310
852
306
3425
705
5548
3368
219462
144453
10485
2061
9562
1828
11859
5705
21203
13793
7575
1833
11081
7039
5060
408
67343
19031
2866
1999
35341
3488
4199
10383
9232
5877
1369
42022
25529
628
376
8931
6259
5738
3812
9651
6071
171707
68955
1026
1418
4964
2897
93641
26827
4712
3906
27969
17791
39395
16116
15190
7610
15028
7674
1926
914
26721
10892
3307
2256
67
987
953
18298
7210
41646
25568
49823
17308
11542
3760
779
348
18124
6454
1177
585
75.2
37.9
0.1
0.0
1.1
0.4
1.1
0.9
5.8
5.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.7
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
1.9
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.3
1.3
0.9
0.2
0.1
3.9
2.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.8
0.7
2.1
1.1
0.3
0.2
1.3
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
12.4
10.3
5.4
2.6
7.6
4.3
35.2
10.0
16.3
4.6
0.4
0.2
8.0
2.1
1.2
0.6
85028
81860
M=male
F=female
833.3
512.3
1.2
0.5
2.3
0.6
7.5
5.3
241.7
137.3
7.4
1.6
8.1
1.9
13.9
6.7
25.8
16.3
7.6
2.1
11.0
7.5
4.2
0.3
64.6
15.8
2.4
1.6
27.2
2.5
4.0
8.3
24.5
9.6
2.3
44.5
27.5
0.6
0.4
9.9
6.7
7.6
4.5
14.6
12.4
299.8
199.3
1.4
2.0
9.7
9.9
135.2
67.2
6.4
6.3
66.2
55.6
81.0
58.4
34.8
13.3
42.9
27.2
3.1
2.0
18.5
7.7
7.8
5.0
0.1
7.6
6.4
25.9
18.5
69.2
54.4
56.3
22.4
15.6
4.8
0.8
0.4
16.1
5.0
1.2
0.7
184753
193856
Annual death rates / 100,000
819.0
400.3
1.2
0.4
3.7
0.7
7.7
4.5
314.4
189.2
14.2
2.6
13.4
2.4
17.1
7.5
30.9
18.4
11.1
2.5
15.9
9.5
7.1
0.5
97.2
25.1
3.8
2.5
45.1
4.3
5.6
13.7
14.2
8.8
1.9
59.2
33.8
0.8
0.5
12.7
8.4
8.1
5.0
14.0
8.3
247.3
93.4
1.5
1.9
7.2
4.0
134.8
36.8
6.6
5.2
40.7
23.8
56.5
21.7
22.9
10.4
21.7
10.2
2.7
1.2
35.6
13.8
4.8
3.1
0.1
1.2
1.2
24.2
9.2
56.7
33.4
60.9
21.0
13.9
4.5
1.0
0.4
21.9
7.7
1.3
0.7
82971
84838
0−4
5−9
126.0
102.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
3.9
3.3
3.1
2.5
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
−
0.0
−
0.1
0.1
−
−
−
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
−
−
0.0
−
1.8
1.5
−
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
2.9
2.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.4
2.2
2.1
0.2
0.1
2.9
1.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.2
−
80.4
66.7
13.7
9.9
10.0
8.3
8.4
6.5
1.9
1.5
0.5
0.5
−
−
0.8
0.8
10336
9806
14.2
10.7
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.4
3.4
2.6
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
−
−
−
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
−
0.0
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
−
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
1.0
0.8
−
0.0
0.6
0.4
−
−
0.0
−
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
−
1.0
1.1
0.6
0.4
2.7
2.4
5.0
2.8
2.2
1.3
0.4
0.2
0.0
−
0.4
0.3
10771
10249
10−14 15−19 20−24 25−29 30−34
17.2
12.3
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.4
3.0
2.7
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
−
0.0
−
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
1.5
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
1.2
0.7
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
−
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
−
0.9
1.0
0.6
0.4
2.8
2.4
7.7
3.9
3.9
2.2
0.2
0.1
0.9
0.3
0.2
0.3
11330
10773
63.5
27.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.6
0.7
5.3
3.4
0.1
0.0
−
−
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
−
−
−
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
−
−
0.0
0.1
0.0
−
0.0
2.5
1.7
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.3
1.7
1.0
0.1
0.1
2.4
1.4
0.0
0.1
0.0
−
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.4
1.6
0.7
0.3
0.3
0.9
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
1.1
1.1
2.8
1.1
5.5
3.4
44.4
14.9
26.7
8.9
0.3
0.1
7.4
2.7
0.9
0.6
11668
11124
95.6
31.5
0.1
0.1
0.6
0.2
0.6
0.5
6.1
4.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
−
−
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
−
3.0
1.7
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.4
1.3
0.7
0.2
0.1
4.0
2.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.9
0.5
2.3
0.9
0.4
0.3
1.3
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.0
0.9
5.4
1.9
8.6
4.0
67.3
16.1
35.7
8.8
0.5
0.2
14.1
3.0
2.0
0.9
12234
11823
99.1
33.6
0.1
0.1
2.1
0.8
0.8
0.5
8.0
6.9
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
−
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.4
0.8
0.4
0.1
0.3
−
0.1
−
3.8
2.2
0.3
0.3
0.8
0.4
1.2
0.9
0.4
0.2
6.3
3.6
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
1.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
1.3
1.2
3.2
1.4
0.4
0.3
1.6
0.8
0.1
0.1
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.4
1.1
0.7
6.9
1.8
10.4
4.3
60.2
12.7
25.5
5.4
0.5
0.1
16.2
3.9
2.0
0.8
13588
13287
*Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom
110.5
47.6
0.2
0.1
5.1
1.7
1.2
0.6
11.7
13.7
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.6
0.5
0.7
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.5
3.8
1.0
0.2
0.6
0.0
0.1
0.1
4.7
3.1
0.4
0.3
1.1
0.6
1.4
1.2
0.7
0.4
10.3
5.4
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
3.2
0.7
0.6
0.7
2.0
1.9
4.3
1.9
0.5
0.5
2.1
1.0
0.1
0.1
2.9
1.3
0.3
0.3
0.5
1.0
0.9
7.9
2.6
13.1
5.6
53.3
12.9
17.9
4.1
0.6
0.2
17.4
4.8
1.8
0.7
15101
14798
EU15
June 2006
15
2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
Annual death rates / 100,000
9th ICD/10th ICD categories
(zero denoted by −)
35−39 40−44 45−49 50−54 55−59 60−64 65−69
150.7
74.7
0.4
0.1
8.1
2.1
2.2
1.0
22.1
28.1
1.1
0.3
0.7
0.1
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.6
0.4
0.2
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.0
3.3
1.9
1.1
0.9
9.5
2.3
0.6
1.3
0.1
0.2
0.1
7.2
4.9
0.4
0.3
1.9
0.9
1.7
1.1
1.3
0.7
21.3
9.4
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
9.2
1.9
1.0
1.0
3.7
3.3
6.9
2.9
0.9
0.6
3.1
1.9
0.3
0.1
7.7
3.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.9
0.8
9.9
3.2
17.3
7.9
54.8
14.7
15.0
3.8
0.8
0.3
20.3
5.8
1.9
1.0
15207
14987
233.3
121.8
0.5
0.1
6.5
1.4
2.7
1.3
51.8
55.9
4.1
1.0
2.3
0.4
3.1
2.2
3.8
3.6
1.2
0.4
2.3
1.2
1.5
0.1
12.3
6.6
1.7
1.5
18.6
3.6
1.1
3.2
0.2
0.6
0.2
13.3
8.5
0.5
0.3
2.6
1.7
2.3
1.7
2.5
1.0
47.2
17.5
0.3
0.2
1.1
0.4
23.6
4.7
2.2
1.6
7.5
5.8
12.5
4.6
1.9
1.2
5.0
2.5
0.7
0.4
16.5
6.4
0.9
0.5
0.1
0.9
0.8
13.2
4.2
24.7
11.8
58.5
16.7
14.1
4.0
0.9
0.3
23.2
6.8
1.9
0.9
13775
13683
365.1
191.9
0.6
0.3
3.9
0.7
4.1
1.9
112.0
95.5
10.0
1.9
6.1
0.9
5.7
3.3
8.2
7.1
2.8
0.8
4.9
3.1
3.6
0.4
31.4
12.5
2.5
1.8
30.3
4.2
2.2
6.4
0.9
1.7
0.6
25.9
14.2
0.6
0.3
4.5
2.9
3.0
2.6
4.2
1.8
87.7
29.4
0.5
0.4
2.3
1.0
47.7
9.1
3.0
2.5
13.2
9.4
21.0
6.9
3.7
2.4
7.1
4.0
1.3
0.5
26.7
10.5
1.5
0.9
−
1.1
0.9
17.0
6.4
34.1
17.2
60.1
19.6
13.8
4.1
1.0
0.4
23.3
8.4
1.7
0.6
12662
12715
550.1
284.5
0.8
0.2
2.5
0.3
5.4
2.6
207.8
151.9
15.7
2.7
11.5
1.8
10.3
5.0
16.9
12.3
6.1
1.1
10.3
5.8
6.6
0.5
62.9
20.1
3.6
2.5
46.3
4.2
3.9
11.5
3.1
4.0
1.0
43.3
24.0
0.6
0.4
8.0
5.3
4.9
3.4
7.6
3.3
147.4
46.5
0.7
0.8
4.0
1.9
83.9
15.4
4.1
3.3
21.2
13.7
33.4
11.4
7.8
5.2
11.7
5.8
2.0
0.6
33.8
14.1
2.4
1.5
0.0
1.4
1.3
19.6
7.1
41.9
23.9
58.0
20.2
12.8
4.1
0.8
0.4
21.5
8.1
1.3
0.7
12331
12389
853.6
420.6
1.2
0.3
2.0
0.2
7.4
4.2
352.4
226.9
20.3
3.5
17.8
3.1
17.3
7.6
32.7
21.1
11.1
2.4
20.0
10.8
9.2
0.8
112.6
31.7
4.7
2.9
60.3
4.4
6.2
18.1
9.1
7.7
1.6
66.7
37.9
0.8
0.4
14.1
9.1
8.3
4.9
13.5
6.6
245.7
76.9
1.5
1.7
7.5
3.6
141.2
29.1
6.6
4.9
35.7
19.6
53.2
17.9
18.4
9.7
18.4
9.2
2.8
1.1
44.0
17.0
4.4
2.6
−
1.7
1.6
26.5
9.2
56.7
33.4
58.3
21.5
12.7
4.3
1.0
0.5
20.4
8.4
1.1
0.5
10539
10789
1364.6
649.2
1.7
0.6
1.7
0.3
11.8
7.4
567.3
320.4
22.8
4.2
24.2
4.5
31.1
12.5
57.9
32.8
20.9
4.3
30.2
18.3
11.8
0.8
178.8
42.2
5.7
3.5
71.7
5.1
10.1
24.6
27.2
16.0
3.6
103.1
58.0
1.2
0.6
22.5
14.6
13.8
8.8
24.0
13.9
426.5
155.5
2.7
3.5
12.4
6.7
236.6
63.7
11.0
8.4
67.9
37.3
96.0
36.0
40.2
17.7
35.8
16.0
4.6
2.0
57.1
21.1
8.1
5.2
−
1.4
1.4
35.4
13.2
85.0
50.9
64.0
23.6
13.7
4.8
1.1
0.5
21.6
8.2
1.0
0.5
9924
10572
2215.8
1059.3
2.9
1.3
1.4
0.2
20.0
12.8
887.4
446.1
25.3
4.9
31.3
6.2
50.6
20.6
95.0
50.5
35.2
8.1
42.9
26.7
16.4
1.1
278.8
60.7
7.6
4.5
79.4
5.9
14.8
30.5
59.1
30.9
5.7
154.9
88.9
1.6
1.0
35.2
24.2
22.7
12.4
45.1
31.0
755.4
318.6
4.6
6.8
22.8
14.0
401.3
133.4
18.5
14.5
135.9
77.6
172.4
72.3
87.2
35.9
70.7
32.2
7.3
3.8
63.5
24.2
15.9
10.4
−
1.2
1.3
48.0
21.3
137.3
89.1
72.3
31.0
15.2
6.8
1.0
0.6
22.9
8.3
0.6
0.5
8533
9704
70−74 75−79 80+/NK
3545.0
1824.6
5.1
2.4
0.8
0.2
31.9
21.2
1273.8
626.0
25.3
5.6
37.7
9.3
75.8
31.8
140.3
76.9
47.2
13.3
58.0
40.9
19.1
1.6
381.8
83.5
9.6
5.7
96.5
7.2
20.5
37.3
116.0
54.6
11.1
217.7
127.9
2.0
1.4
52.1
36.1
36.8
19.6
72.9
56.7
1321.4
673.7
7.4
11.0
38.8
30.9
656.5
268.7
28.6
26.1
273.5
178.4
316.7
158.7
180.1
69.2
146.0
69.8
12.7
7.3
62.8
28.5
31.5
18.9
−
1.7
1.5
67.4
35.8
240.8
168.4
96.1
45.1
18.7
8.2
1.4
0.9
27.7
9.4
0.6
0.5
7177
9229
5798.6 13692.7
3320.7 11218.3
10.4
17.0
4.3
7.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
49.6
107.9
35.5
94.9
1758.0 2645.6
857.5 1409.0
25.3
30.1
6.9
13.9
45.5
54.4
13.0
23.9
107.3
169.6
47.9
97.2
205.3
329.9
119.9
241.8
56.6
56.5
17.6
23.1
75.0
99.0
59.6
87.0
22.9
27.3
1.6
2.4
460.2
467.5
97.1
101.1
10.9
15.9
7.0
11.6
119.6
195.6
8.8
11.6
26.9
42.2
45.4
54.5
233.3
586.9
86.7
163.1
18.2
45.1
297.1
449.3
185.4
331.7
3.0
3.5
1.8
2.2
74.6
101.6
51.4
71.8
54.2
90.9
29.5
52.5
120.7
251.9
106.1
284.2
2332.2 6202.3
1448.1 5830.3
11.3
18.8
18.2
32.1
73.7
225.4
69.4
308.5
1058.7 2303.7
540.6 1788.6
49.6
104.6
47.2
127.9
559.4 1610.4
413.9 1659.2
579.5 1939.4
358.8 1913.8
332.0
748.9
113.1
264.3
318.9 1194.6
160.8
891.0
24.0
60.0
15.3
49.5
61.0
56.8
32.6
30.5
62.1
193.8
36.7
127.7
−
−
2.8
3.8
1.7
3.1
109.2
471.4
71.8
554.5
472.8 1365.8
359.7 1379.7
144.4
372.6
77.4
292.0
24.9
32.0
10.0
10.5
2.5
5.5
1.8
3.5
35.9
60.9
10.4
12.4
0.8
1.0
0.9
0.7
5161
4416
8208
9720
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
F
F
F
F
M
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
M
F
ALL CAUSES
001−999/A00−Y89
Tuberculosis
010−018, 137/
A15−A19, B90
279.5, 279.6/B20−B24
M
F
POPULATION
HIV
Other infective
and parasitic
ALL CANCER
Rest of 001−139/rest of
A00−B99 excl A33,A34
140−208/C00−C97
Mouth and
pharynx cancer
Oesophagus cancer
140−149/C00−C14
150/C15
Stomach cancer
151/C16
Colorectal cancer
153, 154/C18−C21
Liver cancer
155.0/C22 excl C221
Pancreas cancer
157/C25
Larynx cancer
161/C32
Lung cancer
162/C33, C34
Malignant melanoma
172/C43
Female breast cancer
174/C50
Cervix cancer
180/C53
Other uterine cancer
179, 182/C54, C55
Ovarian cancer
183/C56, C570−C574
Prostate cancer
185/C61
Bladder cancer
188/C67
Other and ill−defined
cancer sites
Hodgkin’s disease
Rest of 140−199/
rest of C00−C80, C97
201/C81
Myeloma and non−
Hodgkin lymphomas
Leukaemia
200, 202−203/
C82−C90, C96
204−208/C91−C95
Diabetes
250/E10−E14
ALL VASCULAR
DISEASE
Rheumatic heart
disease and fever
Hypertensive disease
390−459/I00−I99
Ischaemic heart
disease
Pulmonary embolism
and other venous
Cerebrovascular
disease
Other vascular
disease
Chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease
Other respiratory
disease
Peptic ulcer
410−414/I20−I25
390−398/I00−I09
401−405/I10−I15
415.1, 451−453/
I26, I80−I82
430−438/I60−I69
Rest of 390−459/
rest of I00−I99
490−496/
J40−J47, J67
Rest of 460−519/
rest of J00−J98
531−533/K25−K27
Liver cirrhosis
571/K70, K74
Renal disease
580−590/N00−N19
Pregnancy, birth
Congenital and
perinatal causes
Ill−defined causes
630−676/A34,O00−O99
740−779/A33,
P00−P96, Q00−Q99
780−799/R00−R99
Other medical causes
Rest of 001−799/
rest of A00−R99
E800−E999/V01−Y89
ALL NON−
MEDICAL CAUSES
Road traffic
E810−E819, E826−E829/
accidents
part of V01−V99, Y850
Fire
E890−E899/X00−X09
Suicide
Homicide
E950−E959/X60−X84
E960−E969/
X85−X99, Y00−Y09
(1000s; UN, 2004 revision)
16
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries): 1995, 2000
Male smoking−attributed deaths (Sm.) and total deaths (Total)
1995
ALL
CAUSES
ALL
CANCER
Lung
cancer
0−34
Sm.
Total
−
84654
−
5981
−
272
35−69
Sm.
Total
203051
641365
(32%)
105347
233128
(45%)
68017
73784
(92%)
70+
Sm.
Total
228216
1133019
(20%)
94485
279748
(34%)
Any
age
Sm.
Total
431267
1859038
(23%)
0−34
Sm.
Total
35−69
Upper aero−
digestive ca.
(see below)
−
162
Other
cancer
COPD
Other
respiratory
Vascular
disease
Liver
cirrhosis
Other
medical
Non−
medical
−
5547
−
374
−
1540
−
4650
−
858
−
32960
−
38291
17586
27596
(64%)
19744
131748
(15%)
14523
19007
(76%)
3742
14248
(26%)
54174
205053
(26%)
−
29254
25265
88160
(29%)
−
52515
61525
67903
(91%)
8687
14962
(58%)
24273
196883
(12%)
49200
68033
(72%)
7645
68863
(11%)
58854
513075
(11%)
−
10833
18032
162632
(11%)
−
29835
199832
518857
(39%)
129542
141959
(91%)
26273
42720
(62%)
44017
334178
(13%)
63723
87414
(73%)
11387
84651
(13%)
113028
722778
(16%)
−
40945
43297
283752
(15%)
−
120641
−
65775
−
5256
−
190
−
148
−
4918
−
284
−
1167
−
3669
−
535
−
22956
−
31908
Sm.
Total
171192
583571
(29%)
93357
219462
(43%)
61333
67343
(91%)
15190
25107
(61%)
16834
127012
(13%)
11112
15190
(73%)
3532
15028
(24%)
40960
171707
(24%)
−
26721
22231
85640
(26%)
−
49823
70+
Sm.
Total
222447
1158335
(19%)
97940
298978
(33%)
64589
71797
(90%)
8849
15664
(56%)
24502
211517
(12%)
44962
63129
(71%)
8249
79688
(10%)
52008
489082
(11%)
−
10158
19288
186497
(10%)
−
30803
Any
age
Sm.
Total
393639
1807681
(22%)
191297
523696
(37%)
125922
139330
(90%)
24039
40919
(59%)
41336
343447
(12%)
56074
78603
(71%)
11781
95883
(12%)
92968
664458
(14%)
−
37414
41519
295093
(14%)
−
112534
2000
To be conservative, no deaths before age 35, and none from liver cirrhosis or non−medical causes, were attributed to smoking
Male death rates used for calculations: ICD codes as on previous page
All ages 0−34
35−69
35−39
40−44
45−49
50−54
55−59
60−64
65−69
70−74
POPULATION (1000s; UN, 2004 revision)
1995
181688
88577
78286
13810
12783
12613
10908
10495
9356
8321
6590
2000
184753
85028
82971
15207
13775
12662
12331
10539
9924
8533
7177
NUMBER OF DEATHS (Source: WHO)
All causes
1995
1859038
84654
641365
26562
34092
49112
65859
102899
149999
212842
266663
2000
1807681
65775
583571
22922
32134
46228
67833
89956
135415
189083
254429
Lung cancer
1995
141959
272
73784
653
1852
4304
7407
12938
19661
26969
27525
2000
139330
190
67343
496
1695
3982
7762
11870
17747
23791
27403
ANNUAL DEATH RATE / 100,000
(*The rates for the age groups 0−34 and 35−69 are the means of seven five−yearly rates,
but the all−ages rates are standardised to the conventional "European" age distribution)
All causes
1995
917.8*
91.9*
942.0*
192.3
266.7
389.4
603.7
980.5
1603.3
2558.0
4046.2
2000
833.3*
75.2*
819.0*
150.7
233.3
365.1
550.1
853.6
1364.6
2215.8
3545.0
All cancer
1995
259.4*
6.4*
348.4*
26.4
59.7
122.6
225.3
386.0
640.2
978.2
1374.1
2000
241.7*
5.8*
314.4*
22.1
51.8
112.0
207.8
352.4
567.3
887.4
1273.8
Lung cancer
1995
71.6*
0.3*
111.3*
4.7
14.5
34.1
67.9
123.3
210.2
324.1
417.6
2000
64.6*
0.2*
97.2*
3.3
12.3
31.4
62.9
112.6
178.8
278.8
381.8
Upper aerodigestive cancer (mouth, oesophagus, pharynx and larynx)
1995
22.2*
0.2*
39.8*
2.6
10.2
22.5
37.8
53.1
70.7
81.5
91.3
2000
19.8*
0.2*
34.6*
2.1
7.9
19.7
33.8
47.3
58.8
72.9
82.1
Other cancer
1995
165.6*
5.9*
197.3*
19.1
35.0
66.0
119.6
209.6
359.4
572.6
865.1
2000
157.3*
5.5*
182.6*
16.8
31.6
60.9
111.1
192.4
329.7
535.7
810.0
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
1995
41.9*
0.4*
29.8*
1.0
2.1
4.4
9.9
22.2
53.7
115.4
230.8
2000
34.8*
0.3*
22.9*
0.9
1.9
3.7
7.8
18.4
40.2
87.2
180.1
Other respiratory disease
1995
40.2*
1.7*
21.4*
3.7
5.5
7.0
10.7
18.0
35.7
69.2
146.3
2000
42.9*
1.3*
21.7*
3.1
5.0
7.1
11.7
18.4
35.8
70.7
146.0
Vascular disease
1995
349.9*
4.8*
309.3*
27.2
54.3
97.8
169.3
307.0
551.1
958.8
1641.6
2000
299.8*
3.9*
247.3*
21.3
47.2
87.7
147.4
245.7
426.5
755.4
1321.4
Liver cirrhosis
1995
21.6*
0.8*
40.9*
10.7
18.5
26.5
37.7
54.7
68.0
70.4
73.1
2000
18.5*
0.5*
35.6*
7.7
16.5
26.7
33.8
44.0
57.1
63.5
62.8
Other medical causes
1995
142.5*
37.6*
124.1*
61.8
60.9
68.7
87.4
123.4
183.1
283.3
471.4
2000
139.2*
28.1*
116.3*
40.8
52.6
67.7
83.6
116.4
173.6
279.1
464.8
All non−medical causes
1995
62.4*
40.2*
68.1*
61.5
65.8
62.3
63.5
69.3
71.5
82.6
108.9
2000
56.3*
35.2*
60.9*
54.8
58.5
60.1
58.0
58.3
64.0
72.3
96.1
Rates and calculations for some earlier years are in Peto, Lopez et al, 1994
75−79
80+/NK
3740
5161
4495
4416
239189
299286
627167
604620
18215
23753
22163
20641
6395.3
5798.6
13951.6
13692.7
1834.8
1758.0
2682.1
2645.6
487.0
460.2
493.0
467.5
99.7
93.7
116.0
111.8
1248.1
1204.1
2073.1
2066.3
406.9
332.0
836.6
748.9
309.5
318.9
1060.0
1194.6
2796.5
2332.2
6680.1
6202.3
72.5
61.0
73.5
56.8
822.9
852.2
2242.1
2472.0
152.3
144.4
377.3
372.6
EU15
June 2006
17
1995, 2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
Female smoking−attributed deaths (Sm.) and total deaths (Total)
1995
ALL
CAUSES
ALL
CANCER
Lung
cancer
0−34
Sm.
Total
−
38216
−
5385
−
150
35−69
Sm.
Total
33277
331714
(10%)
13805
151146
(9%)
10677
17351
(62%)
70+
Sm.
Total
81345
1510705
(5%)
19775
255621
(8%)
Any
age
Sm.
Total
114622
1880635
(6%)
0−34
Sm.
Total
35−69
Upper aero−
digestive ca.
(see below)
−
72
Other
cancer
COPD
Other
respiratory
Vascular
disease
Liver
cirrhosis
Other
medical
Non−
medical
−
5163
−
272
−
853
−
2576
−
357
−
18507
−
10266
1282
4166
(31%)
1846
129629
(1%)
4617
8858
(52%)
861
6783
(13%)
9353
85718
(11%)
−
12111
4641
48590
(10%)
−
18508
14008
22379
(63%)
2329
6785
(34%)
3438
226457
(2%)
18524
42586
(43%)
4980
93896
(5%)
28834
785570
(4%)
−
9254
9232
284090
(3%)
−
39688
33580
412152
(8%)
24685
39880
(62%)
3611
11023
(33%)
5284
361249
(1%)
23141
51716
(45%)
5841
101532
(6%)
38187
873864
(4%)
−
21722
13873
351187
(4%)
−
68462
−
30692
−
4644
−
119
−
68
−
4457
−
205
−
657
−
2078
−
276
−
14335
−
8497
Sm.
Total
33815
304310
(11%)
15569
144453
(11%)
12208
19031
(64%)
1429
4297
(33%)
1932
121125
(2%)
4189
7610
(55%)
961
7674
(13%)
7973
68955
(12%)
−
10892
5123
47418
(11%)
−
17308
70+
Sm.
Total
89065
1531407
(6%)
22944
265119
(9%)
16447
25500
(64%)
2640
7184
(37%)
3857
232435
(2%)
20165
41361
(49%)
5704
106246
(5%)
28701
747749
(4%)
−
8269
11551
323761
(4%)
−
38902
Any
age
Sm.
Total
122880
1866409
(7%)
38513
414216
(9%)
28655
44650
(64%)
4069
11549
(35%)
5789
358017
(2%)
24354
49176
(50%)
6665
114577
(6%)
36674
818782
(4%)
−
19437
16674
385514
(4%)
−
64707
2000
To be conservative, no deaths before age 35, and none from liver cirrhosis or non−medical causes, were attributed to smoking
Female death rates used for calculations
All ages 0−34
35−69
35−39
40−44
45−49
50−54
55−59
60−64
65−69
70−74
POPULATION (1000s; UN, 2004 revision)
1995
191322
85560
80657
13668
12757
12471
10926
10828
10120
9888
9226
2000
193856
81860
84838
14987
13683
12715
12389
10789
10572
9704
9229
NUMBER OF DEATHS (Source: WHO)
All causes
1995
1880635
38216
331714
11749
17109
25134
33606
49724
74098
120294
194663
2000
1866409
30692
304310
11200
16668
24404
35245
45375
68628
102790
168397
Lung cancer
1995
39880
150
17351
323
733
1369
1885
2672
4177
6192
7448
2000
44650
119
19031
280
899
1590
2485
3425
4464
5888
7704
ANNUAL DEATH RATE / 100,000
(*The rates for the age groups 0−34 and 35−69 are the means of seven five−yearly rates,
but the all−ages rates are standardised to the conventional "European" age distribution)
All causes
1995
546.2*
44.9*
448.2*
86.0
134.1
201.5
307.6
459.2
732.2
1216.6
2109.9
2000
512.3*
37.9*
400.3*
74.7
121.8
191.9
284.5
420.6
649.2
1059.3
1824.6
All cancer
1995
145.2*
5.8*
203.3*
32.2
61.2
104.9
164.6
237.7
339.6
483.1
671.1
2000
137.3*
5.2*
189.2*
28.1
55.9
95.5
151.9
226.9
320.4
446.1
626.0
Lung cancer
1995
14.9*
0.1*
23.6*
2.4
5.7
11.0
17.3
24.7
41.3
62.6
80.7
2000
15.8*
0.1*
25.1*
1.9
6.6
12.5
20.1
31.7
42.2
60.7
83.5
Upper aerodigestive cancer (mouth, oesophagus, pharynx and larynx)
1995
3.9*
0.1*
5.6*
0.5
1.4
3.0
5.5
6.5
9.4
13.0
17.1
2000
3.9*
0.1*
5.6*
0.4
1.5
3.2
5.1
7.4
9.5
12.2
16.5
Other cancer
1995
126.4*
5.5*
174.1*
29.3
54.0
90.9
141.9
206.5
288.9
407.5
573.2
2000
117.6*
5.0*
158.5*
25.8
47.8
79.8
126.8
187.7
268.6
373.2
526.1
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
1995
14.9*
0.3*
12.3*
0.7
1.5
2.7
5.3
10.8
21.5
43.6
79.6
2000
13.3*
0.2*
10.4*
0.6
1.2
2.4
5.2
9.7
17.7
35.9
69.2
Other respiratory disease
1995
24.9*
1.0*
9.3*
1.6
2.3
3.3
4.9
7.6
15.0
30.0
66.4
2000
27.2*
0.8*
10.2*
1.9
2.5
4.0
5.8
9.2
16.0
32.2
69.8
Vascular disease
1995
225.0*
2.8*
118.5*
10.6
19.1
31.7
54.4
98.0
201.0
414.5
870.4
2000
199.3*
2.3*
93.4*
9.4
17.5
29.4
46.5
76.9
155.5
318.6
673.7
Liver cirrhosis
1995
9.0*
0.4*
16.0*
3.9
7.7
10.8
15.5
20.1
24.1
29.6
34.7
2000
7.7*
0.3*
13.8*
3.5
6.4
10.5
14.1
17.0
21.1
24.2
28.5
Other medical causes
1995
102.6*
23.2*
65.3*
20.0
23.4
28.8
40.2
60.8
104.0
179.8
336.0
2000
105.1*
19.1*
62.1*
16.6
21.7
30.6
40.7
59.3
94.8
171.2
312.3
All non−medical causes
1995
24.7*
11.4*
23.5*
17.0
18.9
19.4
22.5
24.3
26.9
35.9
51.7
2000
22.4*
10.0*
21.0*
14.7
16.7
19.6
20.2
21.5
23.6
31.0
45.1
Rates and calculations for some earlier years are in Peto, Lopez et al, 1994
75−79
80+/NK
6003
8208
9875
9720
224227 1091815
272574 1090436
5709
7970
9222
9826
3735.1
3320.7
11056.5
11218.3
891.3
857.5
1419.8
1409.0
95.1
97.1
93.4
101.1
23.7
21.5
38.3
40.1
772.5
738.9
1288.1
1267.7
130.5
113.1
277.5
264.3
168.4
160.8
786.5
891.0
1786.8
1448.1
6055.8
5830.3
37.8
32.6
38.2
30.5
633.6
631.2
2177.9
2501.2
86.7
77.4
300.9
292.0
18
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries): 2000
Relative importance of deaths in MIDDLE age (35−69) in the year 2000
Age
range
(years)
Deaths attributed to SMOKING
/total deaths (thousands)
Male
Female
Mean years lost
PER DEATH FROM
SMOKING
0−34
− / 66
− / 31
−
35−69
171 / 584
34 / 304
23 years
70+
222 / 1158
89 / 1531
8 years
All ages
394 / 1808
123 / 1866
14 years
Deaths, by cause, attributed to SMOKING / total deaths (thousands) in the year 2000
Cause
0−34
Male (by age)
35−69
70+
All
0−34
Female (by age)
35−69
70+
All
Lung Cancer − / 0.2
61 / 67
65 / 72
126 / 139
− / 0.1
12 / 19
16 / 26
29 / 45
All Cancer
− / 5.3
93 / 219
(43%)
98 / 299
(33%)
191 / 524
− / 4.6
16 / 144
(11%)
23 / 265
( 9%)
39 / 414
Vascular
− / 3.7
41 / 172
52 / 489
93 / 664
− / 2.1
8.0 / 69
29 / 748
37 / 819
Respiratory
− / 1.5
15 / 30
53 / 143
68 / 174
− / 0.9
5.2 / 15
26 / 148
31 / 164
All Other
− / 55
22 / 162
19 / 227
42 / 445
− / 23
5.1 / 76
12 / 371
17 / 470
All Causes
− / 66
171 / 584
(29%)
222 / 1158
(19%)
394 / 1808
− / 31
34 / 304
(11%)
89 / 1531
( 6%)
123 / 1866
Cancer deaths, and all deaths,
attributed to SMOKING / total deaths (thousands) in the year 2000
Cause
Male
Female
Male + Female
All Cancer
191 / 524
(37%)
39 / 414
( 9%)
230 / 938
(25%)
All Causes
394 / 1808
(22%)
123 / 1866
( 7%)
517 / 3674
(14%)
EU15
June 2006
19
1955-2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
Population
risk of
dying at
ages 0−34
Population risk of a 35−year−old dying at ages 35−69
from smoking (shaded) or from any cause (shaded and white)
*eg, at year 2000 male death rates, out of 100 men aged 35, 25 would
die before age 70 (with 7 of these deaths attributed to smoking)
MALE
9.1%
7.7%
6.5%
5.9%
5.1%
4.4%
1955
9
1960
39%
11
39%
1965
12
1970
12
1975
12
1980
12
3.7%
1985
3.7%
1990
3.2%
1995
2.6%
2000*
Note:
40%
39%
38%
36%
11
33%
10
30%
9
28%
7*
25%*
Most of those killed by smoking would otherwise have survived beyond age 70,
but a minority (shaded area to right of dotted line) would have died by 70 anyway
FEMALE
6.9%
1955
0.4
1960
0.5
1965
0.8
1970
0.9
3.1%
1975
1.1
2.5%
1980
1.3
2.1%
1985
1.5
1.8%
1990
1.5
1.6%
1995
1.5
1.3%
2000*
1.5
5.5%
4.4%
3.7%
26%
24%
24%
23%
21%
19%
18%
16%
15%
13%
20
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries): 1950-2000
Numbers of deaths attributed to smoking / total deaths (thousands)
Year
0−34
1950
...
1955
− / 235
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
− / 205
− / 183
− / 162
− / 136
− / 117
− / 97
− / 97
− / 85
− / 66
Male (by age)
35−69
70+
All
0−34
...
...
...
...
153 / 659
44 / 757
197 / 1651
(23%)
( 6%)
196 / 706
70 / 820
(28%)
( 9%)
235 / 780
105 / 872
(30%)
(12%)
249 / 798
149 / 932
(31%)
(16%)
247 / 773
201 / 1039
(32%)
(19%)
234 / 707
219 / 1086
(33%)
(20%)
225 / 658
241 / 1143
(34%)
(21%)
221 / 668
220 / 1094
(33%)
(20%)
203 / 641
228 / 1133
(32%)
(20%)
171 / 584
222 / 1158
(29%)
(19%)
265 / 1731
340 / 1836
398 / 1892
448 / 1947
453 / 1910
465 / 1898
441 / 1859
431 / 1859
394 / 1808
50−year total* (M=millions), mid−1950 to mid−2000:
− / 173
− / 141
− / 120
− / 99
− / 78
− / 63
− / 49
− / 45
− / 38
− / 31
Female (by age)
35−69
70+
...
...
7.2 / 495
2.6 / 894
( 1%)
(0.3%)
11 / 489
6.0 / 992
( 2%)
(0.6%)
17 / 499
11 / 1092
( 3%)
( 1%)
20 / 494
18 / 1198
( 4%)
( 2%)
23 / 462
27 / 1313
( 5%)
( 2%)
27 / 407
35 / 1365
( 7%)
( 3%)
30 / 364
52 / 1461
( 8%)
( 4%)
33 / 362
62 / 1462
( 9%)
( 4%)
33 / 332
81 / 1511
(10%)
( 5%)
34 / 304
89 / 1531
(11%)
( 6%)
1.1 / 22M
1.7 / 63M
( 5%)
( 3%)
All
...
9.8 / 1562
17 / 1622
28 / 1710
39 / 1792
50 / 1853
61 / 1835
81 / 1874
95 / 1869
115 / 1881
123 / 1866
22/ 181M
1950−2000 by age & sex:
− / 7.4M
11 / 35M
8.2 / 49M
(30%)
(17%)
19 / 92M
− / 4.6M
*Estimated as 10 times the sum of the annual numbers for 1955, 1965, 1975, 1985 & 1995
2.8 / 89M
EU15
June 2006
21
1955-2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
Smoking−attributed deaths:
% of all deaths at ages 35−69 only
Smoking−attributed deaths:
thousands per year at ages 35−69 only
%
249 247
Annual smoking deaths (1000s)
235
234
225 221
Male
Female
203
196
40
171
30
153
30
33
32
31
34
33
32
29
28
23
20
Male
Female
7.2
1950
11
17
1960
27
23
20
30
33
33
34
8.2
10
1.5 2.2
1970
1980
1990
1950
2000
1960
1970
10
11
6.5
5.1
3.4 4.1
9.2
1980
1990
Year
Year
Smoking−attributed deaths:
thousands per year (all ages)
Smoking−attributed deaths:
% of all deaths (all ages)
2000
%
Annual smoking deaths (1000s)
448 453
Male
Female
465
441
431
398
394
30
Male
Female
340
24
23
25
24
22
21
265
23
19
20
15
197
12
115
81
9.8
1950
17
1960
28
10
95
61
50
39
123
0.6 1.0
1970
1980
Year
1990
2000
1950
1960
3.3
2.7
1.7 2.2
1970
1980
Year
4.3
5.1
1990
6.1 6.6
2000
22
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries): 1955-2000
ALL−CAUSE mortality rates attributed and not attributed to smoking
ALL−CAUSE mortality
ALL−CAUSE mortality ages 35−69
ages 35−69: MALE
NOT ATTRIBUTED TO SMOKING
ALL−CAUSE mortality
ages 35−69 & 0−34
20
Male 35−69
Female 35−69
M and F 0−34
15
Not attributed:
Male
Attributed:
to smoking
Female
Standardised† death rate/1000
Standardised† death rate/1000
15
10
5.8
5
10
5.8
5
3.6
2.4
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
10*
ALL−CAUSE mortality
ALL−CAUSE mortality ages 35−69
ages 35−69: FEMALE
ATTRIBUTED TO SMOKING
Not attributed:
10
4.0
0.6
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
10
Attributed:
to smoking
Male
Standardised† death rate/1000
5
5
3.6
30% of 35−year−olds will die before age 70
Female
5
2.4
0.4
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0.4
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
* An annual rate of 10 per 1000 implies that
†
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
8.2
Standardised† death rate/1000
Standardised† death rate/1000
15
Mean of 7 age−specific rates, ages 35−69 (or ages 0−34)
MALE all−cause mortality (annual rate/1000, by age)
0−34
Year
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
Attributed to
smoking?
35−69
70−79
FEMALE all−cause mortality (annual rate/1000, by age)
0−34
35−69
70−79
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
...
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
...
2.72
2.29
1.94
1.72
1.49
1.29
1.07
1.07
0.92
0.75
...
3.15
3.84
4.37
4.45
4.41
4.23
3.94
3.44
3.01
2.42
...
11.0
10.4
10.2
9.78
9.28
8.51
7.62
6.91
6.41
5.77
...
5.15
7.60
10.9
14.1
16.7
15.6
15.6
13.4
12.3
10.5
...
72.9
69.0
66.8
63.3
61.1
54.3
50.9
44.2
39.9
36.2
...
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
...
2.04
1.61
1.29
1.08
0.90
0.74
0.59
0.53
0.45
0.38
...
0.12
0.17
0.26
0.30
0.34
0.41
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.45
...
8.56
7.85
7.45
7.06
6.43
5.73
5.05
4.50
4.03
3.55
...
0.21
0.39
0.68
0.91
1.13
1.28
1.72
1.94
2.25
2.12
...
58.9
55.1
52.3
49.5
46.1
39.5
35.7
30.7
27.0
23.6
0−34 and 35−69 = means of 7 age−specific rates; 70−79 = mean of 2 rates (70−74 & 75−79)
EU15
June 2006
23
1955-2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
ALL CANCER mortality rates attributed and not attributed to smoking
4
4
ALL CANCER mortality ages 35−69
NOT ATTRIBUTED TO SMOKING
Male
Attributed:
to smoking
Female
3
1.0
0.3
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
ALL CANCER mortality
ages 35−69 & 0−34
Standardised† death rate/1000
Not attributed:
Female
1
6
ALL CANCER mortality
ages 35−69: MALE
Male
Standardised† death rate/1000
Standardised†
death rate/1000
2
LUNG CANCER mortality
ages 35−69
2
1.8
1.3
1
3
2
1.8
1.7
1
Male 35−69
Female 35−69
M and F 0−34
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
4
4
ALL CANCER mortality
ages 35−69: FEMALE
4
ALL CANCER mortality ages 35−69
ATTRIBUTED TO SMOKING
3
1.9
Female
Standardised† death rate/1000
2
Male
Attributed:
to smoking
3.1
3
1
2
1.7
1
3
2
1.3
1
0.2
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0.2
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0.05
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
†
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Not attributed:
Standardised† death rate/1000
Standardised† death rate/1000
5
Mean of 7 age−specific rates, ages 35−69 (or ages 0−34)
MALE cancer mortality (annual rate/1000, by age)
0−34
Year
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
Attributed to
smoking?
35−69
70−79
FEMALE cancer mortality (annual rate/1000, by age)
0−34
35−69
70−79
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
...
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
...
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06
...
1.01
1.31
1.54
1.60
1.71
1.82
1.83
1.74
1.58
1.34
...
2.13
2.12
2.10
2.06
2.04
2.01
1.97
1.97
1.91
1.81
...
1.65
2.52
3.72
4.84
6.05
6.43
6.68
6.24
5.98
5.47
...
10.9
10.9
11.1
10.7
10.8
10.4
10.5
10.4
10.1
9.69
...
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
...
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
...
0.03
0.04
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.13
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.20
...
2.34
2.32
2.33
2.26
2.22
2.15
2.04
1.98
1.85
1.69
...
0.03
0.08
0.14
0.20
0.27
0.35
0.50
0.63
0.75
0.77
...
8.57
8.56
8.68
8.20
8.13
7.75
7.73
7.37
7.06
6.64
0−34 and 35−69 = means of 7 age−specific rates; 70−79 = mean of 2 rates (70−74 & 75−79)
24
Peto, Lopez et al
June 2006
EU15 (European Union - 15 countries): 1955-2000
Mortality* trends at selected ages: 35−39, 55−59 & 75−79
Lung cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
0.10
2.5
Male
Female
2.0
Lung cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
Lung cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
7.5
Male
Female
Male
Female
5.0
4.6
1.5
1.13
0.05
1.0
2.5
0.033
0.019
0
Upper aero−digestive cancer
mortality per 1000 aged 35−39
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
2.5
Male
Female
1.0
0.32
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0.10
0.5
2.0
Upper aero−digestive cancer
mortality per 1000 aged 55−59
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
7.5
Upper aero−digestive cancer
mortality per 1000 aged 75−79
Male
Female
Male
Female
5.0
1.5
0.05
1.0
2.5
0.021
0.004
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0.5
0.47
0
0.07
0.9
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Other cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
0.6
Other cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
25
6
Male
Female
Male
Female
20
4
0.4
0.2
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Other cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
Male
Female
15
12.0
0.26
10
2
0.2
1.9
7.4
0.17
5
0
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
0.6
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
25
6
Male
Female
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Male
Female
20
All cancer mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
Male
Female
17.6
4
0.4
3.5
0.28
0.2
0.22
2.3
15
10
8.6
2
5
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
* Annual mortality per 1000: 1955, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000
EU15
June 2006
25
1955-2000: EU15 (European Union - 15 countries)
Mortality* trends at selected ages: 35−39, 55−59 & 75−79
Vascular mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
1.0
Vascular mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
12
Male
Female
Vascular mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
Male
Female
60
Male
Female
0.8
9
40
0.6
6
0.4
23
20
0.21
0.2
3
0.09
0
Respiratory mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
0.3
0.8
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
2.5
Male
Female
2.0
14
2.5
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Respiratory mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
Respiratory mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
Male
Female
Male
Female
15
1.5
10
0.2
1.0
6.5
5
0.1
0.5
0.02
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All medical causes:
mortality per 1000 aged 35−39
3
2.7
0.4
0.2
0.04
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All medical causes:
mortality per 1000 aged 55−59
All medical causes:
mortality per 1000 aged 75−79
25
Male
Female
Male
Female
Male
Female
100
20
75
2
15
57
50
10
1
8.0
1.0
0.6
0
4.0
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All causes: mortality
per 1000 aged 35−39
32
25
5
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
All causes: mortality
per 1000 aged 55−59
All causes: mortality
per 1000 aged 75−79
30
3
Male
Female
Male
Female
100
20
75
2
58
1.5
50
10
1
Male
Female
8.5
0.7
33
25
4.2
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
0
Year: 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
* Annual mortality per 1000: 1955, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000
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