Owner`s Manual,2003 Chevrolet Cavalier

The 2003 Chevrolet Cavalier Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ...........................
...............................................
Front
Seats
...............................................
Rear
Seats
Safety Belts
..............................................
.......................................
Child Restraints
......................................
Air Bag
Systems
............................
Restraint
System
Check
Features and Controls .....................................
Keys
........................................................
.......................................
Doors
and
Locks
?AdilldGVd§
.................................................
............................
Theft-Deterrent Systems
...........
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
Mirrors ....................................................
Onstar@ System ......................................
.........................................
Storage
Areas
..................................................
Sunroof
Instrument Panel .............................................
Instrument Panel Overview ..........................
......................................
Climate Controls
Warning Lights, Gagesand Indicators
.........
Audio System(s) .......................................
1-1
1-2
1-8
1-9
1-31
1-51
1-61
2-1
2-2
2-8
2-14
2-16
2-18
2-33
2-36
2-38
2-39
3-1
3-2
3-17
3-21
3-36
.
Driving Your Vehicle .......................................
4-1
Towing
..................................................... 4-2
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ....... 4-31
Service and Appearance Care ..........................
5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
5-5
Fuel .........................................................
CheckingThingsUnder the Hood ................. 5-10
....................................
5-45
Bulb Replacement
Windshield WiperBladeReplacement
......... 5-50
......................................................
5-51
Tires
.....................................
5-71
Appearance Care
.................................
5-80
Vehicle Identification
Electrical System ......................................
5-81
.....................
5-85
Capacities and Specifications
NormalMaintenanceReplacement
Parts ...... 5-86
Maintenance Schedule .....................................
6-1
Maintenance
Schedule
................................
6-2
Customer Assistance Information .................... 7-1
Customer Assistance Information .................. 7-2
7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ...........................
INDEX ...............................................................
1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the name
CAVALIER are registered trademarks of General
Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever
it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 22686694 A First Edition
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manula1 from begin ning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s
in the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
‘Copyright General
Motors Corporation 08/02/02
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this’’ or “Don’t let
this happen.”
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
...
Ill
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics:
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different
words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
iV
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
48:@
8- -
- ,
LIGHTING
MASTER
SWITCH 0
MOVE SEAT
FULLY
REARWARD*
SECURE
CHILD SEAT
PULL BELT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
'\b'
COMPLETELY
rHEN SECURE
CHILD SEAT
ENGINE
COOLANT cc
TEMP
\&
/
z
DO NOT INSTALL
A REAR-FACING
CHILD RESTRAINT
IN THIS SEATING
POSITION
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
DO NOT INSTALL A
'ORWARD-FACING
CHILD RESTRAINT
IN THIS SEATING
POSITION
?"OR L"CK
UNLOCK
a
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
COOLANT
ACCESS
l.fJ
ENGINE
COOLANT
FAN
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
CAUSTIC
BAlTERY
4CID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
LATCH BOTH LAP AND
SHOULDER BELTSTO
PROTECT
OCCUPANT
DONOTTWISTSAFETY
BELT WHEN ATTACHING
d
':{io
ENGINE OIL
PRESSUREw
4
OWNERS
MANUAL
SERVICE
SERVICE
MANUAL
a
IfL?I
Section
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ...................................................... 1.2
Manual Seats ................................................ 1.2
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................ 1.4
Head Restraints ............................................. 1.5
Seatback Latches ........................................... 1-6
Easy Entry Seat ............................................. 1-7
Rear Seats ....................................................... 1.8
Rear Seat Operation ....................................... 1.8
Safety Belts ..................................................... 1-9
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................. 1-9
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ...... 1-13
How to Wear Safety Beits Properiy ................. 1-14
Driver Position .............................................. 1.1 4
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-22
Right Front Passenger Position ....................... 1.23
Rear Seat Passengers .................................. 1-23
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults ....................................... 1.27
-Satety Belt Extenaer ..................................... i -;JU
Child Restraints ............................................. 1.31
Older Children .............................................. 1.31
Infants and Young Children ............................ 1-34
Child Restraint Systems .............
..... 1-37
Where to Put the Restraint .............................
Top Strap ....................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System .........................................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position ...................................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ............................................
1-40
1-41
1-42
1-43
1-45
1-45
1-48
Air Bag Systems ............................................ 1-51
Where Are the Air Bags? ............................... 1-54
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-57
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? ..................... 1-57
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? ..................... 1-58
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...... .l -58
Se!?.licincJ Vnllr Air B._g-Eqlrippec!\!ehic!E? .........1-69
Restraint System Check .................................. 1-61
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-61
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a
Crash ...................................................... 1-62
1-1
Front Seats
Manual Seats
You can lose contrL, ., ihe vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
Lift the lever located on the front of the driver’s seat to
unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the lever. Then try to move the seat with your
body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.
1 -2
Your vehicle will be equipped with one of the following
passenger seat adjusters.
If your vehicle is not equipped with easy entry seats,
your passenger seat adjuster looks like this. Slide
the lever located under the passenger’s seat to the right
to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the lever. Then try to move the seat with your
body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.
If your vehicle is equipped with easy entry seats, this is
your front passenger seat adjuster. Pull up on the
lever located at the front of the passenger’s seat up to
unlock it. Slide the seat to a comfortable position
and release the lever. Then try to move the seat with
your body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.
1-3
Reclining Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever located on the
outboard side of the seat and move the seatback
to where you want it. Release the lever and push
rearward on the seatback to make sure it is locked. Pull
up on the lever without pushing on the seatback and
the seatback will go to an upright position.
1-4
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Head Restraints
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash
the beit could go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, notat your pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat ana wear your safety beit
properly.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
.
is ciosesi io ihe iop oi yvur ileaci. I 111s
p3iiul-l
reduces the chances of a neck injury in a crash.
I
,
I
1-5
Seatback Latches
If your vehicle is a two-door model, the front seatback
folds forward to let people get into the back seat.
To fold a front seatback
forward, lift the latch
located on the lower back
side of the seatback
and push the seatback
forward.
When you return the seatback to its original position,
make sure the seatback is locked. The latch must
be down for the seat to work properly.
1-6
the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
I
Easy Entry Seat
.. .he easy entry right front seat isn’t loc..,d, it
can move. In a sudden stop or crash, the
person sitting there could be injured. After
you’ve used it, be sure to push rearward on an
easy entry seat to be sure it is locked.
I
If your vehicle has this feature, the right front seat
makes it easy to get in and out of the rear seat.
1. Lift the right front seatback latch to release the
seatback.
2. Tilt the seatback completely forward and the whole
seat will slide forward.
3. Move the right front seatback to its original position
after someone gets into the rear seat area.
4. Then move the seat rearward until it locks.
Tilt the seatback completely forward again and move
the seat to get out of the back seat.
1-7
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
Folding the Seatback
To fold the seatback, do the following:
1. Pull the release straps
located in the trunk.
The right strap
operates the
passenger’s side rear
split seat. The left
strap operates
the driver’s side rear
split seat.
2. Fold the seatback down from the inside of the
vehicle.
If the seatback isn’t locked,it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash.That could
cause injury to the person sittingthere. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
To raise the seatback, push the seatback up to return it
to its original position.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it is latched
securely in the fully upright position.
1-8
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
Don’t let anyone rib= where he or she ca,, J
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected fromit.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ beirs are
fastened properly too.
It is extren.,.y
dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed.Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicie has a iignt
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-24.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
1-9
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
1-10
11-1
The person keeps going until stopped by something. In
a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-12
or the instrument panel...
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety beit?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
\ / - a .
?.-+
-,-.r*
tirnn
I VU LjGl l l l u l G L I I I I G
t n ptn*
tu dlvy.
V n , , p+nn n,,nr r n * r o d ; c + g n r n
I vu v ~ v y
V Y U S
I I I V Sv
UOYLUO
u v v ,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be - whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
! q y & m . ~ n t ~yl s t ~ m on!!/;
c
s n they work with
safety belts - not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use ot
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-13
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident - even one that isn’t your fault - you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-31
or lnfanfs and Young Children on page 1-34. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
1-14
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Front Seats” in the index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-30.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-15
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster (Four
Door Models)
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you. Adjust the
height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered
on your shoulder. The belt should be away from your
face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.
To move it down, squeeze the release button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder
belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release button to make sure it has locked into position.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong
with this?
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
I
I
A:
1-18
J
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
Q: What's wrong with this?
You can be seriously ir,,w,GJ if your be.. .s
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
1-19
Q: What’s wrong with this?
1
I
A:
1-20
I
1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver orspleen.
Q : What’s wrong with this?
-
You can be seriously injured b) tw.,,,,
belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-22
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-14.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt - except for one
thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out
all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all
the way and start again.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Wear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
n
1-23
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s
how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-24
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-30.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-25
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
You can be seriously ..urt if bwdrshoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be
less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
1-26
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Your vehicle may have this feature already. If it doesn’t,
you can get it from any GM dealer.
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide available for each outside passenger
position in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort
guides may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s
how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-27
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-28
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-23.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shcL!!der.
1-29
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn
the guide and clip inward and in between the seatback
and the interior body, leaving only the loop of elastic
cord exposed.
1-30
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your
vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear
it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-31
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-32
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If
the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that belts provide. If the child is so
small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the
child’s face or neck, you might want to place the
child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle
has one.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt
inthis way, in a crash the child might slide
under the belt. The belt’s force would then be
applied right on the child’s abdomen. That
could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the beit
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-33
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-34
holdit. For example, in a crashat only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lis. (1 10 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
1-35
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in
which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint, state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-36
swborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head andneck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part
of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
I
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a bodyarea that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
rrwior vehicie, is a1 I iI ~ i ~ia ~e:si~ai~-~i
~
systei-1-1 deSigiT&
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-37
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-38
A forward-facing child seat (C-E)
provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on chiid restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
I
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take tne place oi nip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
:ha: swings up Br tG the side.
1-39
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. When securing an add-on child restraint, refer
to the instructions that come with the restraint which may
be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and
to this manual. The child restraint instructions are
important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. N e w - put a rear-facing child restraint
’- the front pass ger seat. Here’s why:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-40
Top Strap
u,
may secure a forward-facing ,hild
restraint in the right front seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It’s better to secure the
child restraint in a rear seat.
’I
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle - even when no child
is in it.
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether”. It
can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap
be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is anchored
properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
1-41
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Top Strap Anchor Location
Top strap anchors are already installed in your vehicle
for the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind
the rear seat on the filler panel.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You'll find
anchors (A) in the rear outside seat positions.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each seating position with the
LATCH system will have a label applied to the seatback
at each anchor position.
1
The labels are located
near the base of the two
rear outside seating
positions.
In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
.---.
L--:.--L:lA
+ L e + L-it3a1-la~tlty
~ I I I I UI G G L I ~ I ~ ILLI I ~ LI I ~
~
-+&--L;-+.-.,;.,...
G
a u a b l ~ l l l y~ V I I I L D
ID\
[u),
as shown here.
U
1-43
I
a LATCI ype child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect the child correctly. In acrash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System” or “Securing
a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat Position” in
the Index for information on how to securea
child restraint in your vehicle.
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
1-44
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want
to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the
back of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See Top Strap on
page 1-41. Tighten the top strap according to
the child restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-43.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the Top Strap
on page 1-41 if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
LAii!! Sk9Ln.l )(C)U hC)LAi,
1-45
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
1-46
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-47
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See Top Strap on
page 1-41, if the child restraint has one. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
Your vehicle has a right front passengerair bag. Never
put arear-facing chilc straint inthisseallere’swhy:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
I -48
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-49
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. You may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-50
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has a frontal air bag for the driver and a
frontal air bag for the right front passenger. Your vehicle
may also have a side impact air bag for the driver,
and another side impactair bag for the right front
passenger.
If your vehicle hasa side impact air bag for the driver, the
words AIR BAG will appearon the air bag covering on the
side of the driver’s seatback closest to the door.
If your vehicle has a side impact air bag for the right
front passenger, the words AIR BAG will appear on the
air bag covering on the side of the right front
passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
1-51
You can be severely injuredor killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safetybelt - even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chanceof
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but don’t replacethem.
Frontal air bags are designed to help minimize the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag
while providing enough force to perform properly.
Air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job and
comply with federal regulations. Therefore, you need to
know some important things about the air bag
systems.. .
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only
in
moderate to severe frontal and
near frontal
crashes. They aren’t designed to inflate at all in
rollover, rear or low-speed frontal
crashes, or in
many side crashes.And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bagsmay provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more forceful
air bags have provided in the
past. The side
impact air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to inflate only in
moderate to severe crashes where something
CAUTION:
1-52
(Continued)
1
should sit as far back as possible whilestill
maintaining control of the vehicle. Front
occupants should not lean onor sleep against
the door.
its the side of your vehicle. They aren’t
esigned to inflate in frontal, in rollover or in
rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle shouldwear a safety
belt properly - whether or not there’s an air
bag for that person.
_
_
_
~~
~
\
a
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward, it
could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with frontal air bags. The driver
CAUTION:
(Continued)
c
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Older
Children” or “Infants and Young Children”.
1-53
Where Are the Air Bags?
instrument panel, which
shows the air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-24
for more information.
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
1-54
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
If your vehicle has one, the driver’s side impact air bag is
in the side of the driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-55
If something __ between an occupant _. an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object intothat person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
If your vehicle has one, the passenger’s side impact air
bag is in the side of the passenger’s seatback closest
to the door.
1-56
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level”.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that
doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is about
9 to 14 mph (14 to 23 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
Your vehicle may or may not have a side impact air
bag. See Air Bag Systems on page 1-57. Side impact air
hags 2,rp designed t n inflate in moderate tn severe
side crashes. A side impact air bag will inflate if
the crash severity is above the system’s designed
“threshold level”. The threshold level can vary with
specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
r n l l n \ / r or rear impacts, because irrflation v?lou!dnot
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, the air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules.
Frontal air bag modules are located inside the steering
wheel and instrument panel. For vehicles with side
impact air bags, the air bag modules are located in the
seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right front
passenger’s door.
IWllUV&IS
1-57
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including frontal
or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags, and only in moderate to severe
side collisions for vehicles with a driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag.
1-58
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module will be
hot for a short time. These components include the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal air bag and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s frontal
air bag. For vehicles with side impact air bags, the side
of the seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right
front passenger’s door will be hot. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the deflated air bags. Air
bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop
people from leaving the vehicle.
0
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modu!es and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information
about the air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the system commands air bag inflation and
driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air
bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the air
or the right front passenger’s air bag,
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenaer’s side impact air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
1-59
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are air bag system parts in several places around
your vehicle. You don’t want the system to inflate
while someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer
and the service manual have information about
servicing your vehicle and the air bag system. To
purchase a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-I 1.
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to doso.
Air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-60
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Nowand then, makesure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-61
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, asthey would be if worn
during a more severecrash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using
it,resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
1-62
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See Air Bag Systems on page 1-51.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ............................................................... 2-2
Remote Keyless Entry System ......................... 2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ........... 2-4
Doors and Locks ............................................. 2-8
Door Locks .................................................... 2-8
Power Door Locks .......................................... 2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ................................ 2-9
Lockout Protection ........................................ 2-10
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-10
Trunk .......................................................... 2-11
Windows ........................................................ 2-14
Manuai Windows .......................................... L- I 5
Power Windows ............................................ 2-15
Sun Visors ................................................... 2-15
Theft-Deterrent Systems .................................. 2-16
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................. 2-16
0
Passlock"
................................................... 2-17
-&-.A:--.
J L ~ I LII
---I
~y a1 Iu
---- -
n
&.-
U ~ GaIr l l l y
V-
....
I UUI
II-L:-I-
v
GI1 1 - t ~
................
r)
i o
L- I
u
New Vehicle Break-In .................................... 2-18
Ignition Positions ...................................... 2-18
..............
............2-20
Starting
Your
Engine
Engine Coolant Heater .................................. 2-22
Automatic Transaxle Operation ....................... 2-23
Manual Transaxle Operation ........................... 2-26
Parking Brake .............................................. 2-27
Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) ......2-28
Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) .....2.30
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual Transaxle) .........2.30
Parking Over Things That Burn ....................... 2-31
Engine Exhaust ............................................ 2.31
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked .......2.32
Mirrors ........................................................... 2.33
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................. 2-33
Outside Remote Control Mirror ....................... 2.33
Outside Power Mirrors ................................... 2-33
Outside Convex Mirror ................................... 2.34
Outside Breakaway Mirror .............................. 2.34
Onstar@ System ............................................ 2-36
Storage Areas ................................................ 2.38
n on
~ u ploidel
i
is) ................................................ L . ~ V
Center Console Storage Area ......................... 2.38
Convenience Net .......................................... 2-38
Sunroof .................
............. 2.39
n
2- 1
Keys
Leavmg children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don't leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-2
One key is used for the
ignition, the doors and all
other locks.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Onstar@ system
with an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, Onstar@ may be able to send a command
to unlock your vehicle. See OnStap System on
page 2-36 for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry System
If equipped, the remote keyless entry system operates
on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer removes
the key tag from the key and gives it to the first owner.
Each tag has a code on it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
tag in a safe place. If you lose your key, you'll be able to
have a new one made easily using the tag.
If you need a new key, contact your dealer who can
obtain the correct key code. See Roadside Assistance
cy?,rx12p 7-6 fnr mnre information.
.Pp-wsrn
-3'-".'
Notice: Your vehicle has a number of features that
can help prevent theft. Youcan have a lot of trouble
getting into your vehicle ifyou ever lock yourkeys
inside. You mayeven have todamage your vehicle to
get in. So be sure you have spare keys.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-3
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
Check to determine if battery replacement or
resynchronization is necessary. See “Battery
Replacement’’ and “Resynchronization” under
“Remote Keyless Entry System Operation” following
this section.
If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from about 3 feet
(1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keyless
entry transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
In addition, the system illuminates the interior lamps for
a set period of time. Also, a content theft security
system can be activated to monitor and set a horn alarm
if the vehicle’s door or trunk is opened without first
unlocking the door or trunk with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
The remote keyless entry system consists of a receiver,
which is located in the vehicle, and two hand held
transmitters.
1-
The following functions are
6#(Trunk Release):
The trunk will unlock when the
vehicle symbol on the transmitter is pressed, as long as
the trunk lockout is not engaged. You can open the
trunk with the transmitter when the vehicle speed is less
than 2 mph (3 km/h). The headlamps will flash twice.
& (Panic): The horn will sound and the headlamps
and interior lamps will flash alternately when the panic
button is pressed. This can be turned off by pressing
the panic button again or by turning the ignition to ON.
The alarm will sound for two minutes unless cancelled
by the driver.
LOCK: All doors will automatica!ly lock when the LOCK
button is pressed. In addition, if all doors and the
trunk are closed, the headlamps will flash once, the
interior lamps will turn off, and the vehicle content theft
security system will arm. See Content Theft-Deterrent
on page2-16.
...
..,I--.,- *I^^
uIlLut,n; I rle Lilivcl 3 UUUI V V I I I UI IIULR V V I I t 1 1 11 lc
UNLOCK button on the transmitter is pressed. In
addition, the headlamps will flash twice, the interior
lamps will turn on for about 20 seconds or until
the ignition is turned on, and the content theft security
system will disarm. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 2-16. If you press UNLOCK again within five
seconds, all remaining doors will unlock.
I . _ . .
-
-.I
I
,
I -
-1-
___:I1
~
Your dealer can change the settings to disable the
headlamp flash and horn chirp features Your dealer can
also change the settings to allow the horn to chirp
twice on the first press of the UNLOCK button. See your
dealer for more information.
Radio Personalization
._ , ,-h:-l-
\/-,
I UUI
v,-,din nracn+ c)3+i,-,nc
-tnVn
V G I llblC2 b u l l ~ L W I C I
U
I
I
I
~
I
U
I-U
~I V
~
~ynuuu.
vLcILIvz
depending on which keyless entry transmitter you use to
unlock the doors. The radio will recall all the stored
settings associated with that transmitter. Any radio
setting changes will be assigned to the transmitter last
used to unlock the doors.
This feature can be disabled by your dealer if you
desire. Contact your dealer for further information.
2-5
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
2-6
To replace the battery in the transmitter:
1 . Use a coin or similar object to separate the bottom
half from the top half of the transmitter.
2. Remove the battery and replace it with the new
one. Make sure the positive side of the battery
faces down. For battery replacement, use a
three-volt battery, type CR2032, or equivalent.
3. Read the instructions inside the case.
4. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
cover is on tightly, so water won’t get in.
5. Check the operation of the transmitter with your
vehicle. If the transmitter does not work, try
resynchronizing the transmitter with the receiver.
Resynchronization
Your remote keyless entry system is equipped with a
security system that prevents anyone from recording and
playing back your signal. The transmitter does not
send the same signal twice to the receiver. The receiver
will not respond to a signal that has been sent to it
more than once.
Normally, the transmitter and receiver resynchronize
automatically. However, under certain circumstances,
manual resynchronization may be required.
To resynchronize your transmitter and receiver, follow
these directions:
1. Stand close to your vehicle.
2. Press and hold the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on
the transmitter at the same time.
3. Hold the buttons for at least 10 seconds. During this
time, the doors should lock and unlock once. This
confirms the resynchronization. If the doors do
not lock and unlock, see your dealer for service.
2-7
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
vlllocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers - especially children - can
easily open the doors and fallout of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors aren’t locked.So,
wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
2-8
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Use your key to lock and unlock your vehicle from
the outside. If your vehicle is equipped with a remote
keyless entry system, you can also use it to lock
and unlock your vehicle. See Remote Keyless Entry
Sysfem on page 2-3.
To lock the door from the
inside, push the locking
lever forward.
To unlock the door, pull the locking lever rearward.
Power Door Locks
Rear Door Security Locks
If your vehicle is a
four-door model, it is
equipped with rear door
security locks that
help prevent passengers
from opening the rear
doors on your vehicle from
the inside.
If your vehicle has this
feature, you can lock or
unlock all doors on
your vehicle from the
driver’s or front
passenger’s door lock
switch.
Press the lower portion of the switch to lock the doors.
Press the upper portion of the switch to unlock the
doors.
The locking lever on each rear door works only that
door’s lock. It won’t lock (or unlock) all of the
doors - that’s a safety feature.
Using the Rear Door Security Lock
1. Use a key to move the lock all the way up.
2. Close the door.
3. DO the same thing to the other rear door lock.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
2-9
Opening a Rear Door When the
Security Lock is On
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
Lockout Protection
If your vehicle is equipped with remote keyless entry,
you have lockout protection. This feature stops the
power door locks from locking when the keys are in the
ignition and the door is open.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear won’t be able to open
the rear door from the inside. You should let adults
and older children know how to cancel the locks.
If the power door lock switch is pressed when a door is
open and the key is in the ignition, all the doors will
lock and the driver’s door will unlock.
Canceling the Rear Door Security Lock
Leaving Your Vehicle
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the
door from the outside.
2. Use a key to move the lock all the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door lock will now work normally.
2-10
If you are leaving the vehicle, open your door and set
the locks from the inside. Then get out and close
the door.
Trunk
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the key ana
turn the trunk lock cylinder or use the remote keyless
entry transmitter if your vehicle has one.
When closing the trunk, close from the center to ensure
it fully latches. Although you may use one hand to
unlock the trunk, it is recommended that two hands on
the upper surface be used to close the trunk.
It can be dangerous to d..-e
v_._..
,.le trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide(CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. If you must drive with the trunk lid open
CAUTION:
or if electrical wl g or other ca ?
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunklid:
Make sure all other windows are shut.
Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See “Climate Controls”
in the Index.
0 If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
(Continued)
2-1 1
Remote Trunk Release
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
Your remote trunk release is equipped with a lockout
feature. The switch is located on the inside of the trunk
lid, mounted to the trunk lid latch.
Press the remote trunk release button, located on the
lower left side of the instrument panel, to release
the trunk lid.
If your vehicle is equipped with the remote keyless entry
system, the daytime running lamps will flash twice.
Make sure the remote trunk release lockout feature is
not activated. Also, the remote trunk release will
only work when either the ignition is in OFF or
ACCESSORY, the parking brake is engaged or the
vehicle speed is less than 2 mph (3 km/h).
?-I 3
To turn the lockout on, slide the switch all the way to
the left to ON. To turn the lockout off, slide the switch all
the way to the right to OFF.
When the lockout is on, the remote trunk release button
will not release the trunk lid. However, the trunk lid
can still be opened with the key, but not with the keyless
entry transmitter if your vehicle has one.
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
.
"\ti"
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located on the inside of the trunk lid of your
vehicle. This handle will glow following exposure to light.
Pull the release handle up to open the trunk from the
inside.
Trap-Resistant Trunk Kit
To help prevent a child from becoming trapped in your
trunk, you can order a trap-resistant trunk kit from
your dealer. This kit includes:
0
a modified trunk latch,
a lighted release handle, and
seatback tethers (for vehicles with folding rear
seatbacks).
See your dealer for additional information.
Notice: The emergency trunk release handle is not
designed to be used to tie down the trunk lid or
as an anchor point when securing items in the trunk.
improper use of the emergency trunk release
nanaie couia ciamage ii.
2-13
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-14
Manual Windows
On a vehicle with manual windows, use the window
crank to open and close each window.
lower a window, press and hold the rear of the
switch. To raise the window, press and hold the switch
forward.
TO
Express-Down Window
The driver’s window switch has an express-down
feature. The driver’s window can be opened to the
desired position by pressing the rear of the switch to the
first detent. To use the express-down feature, press
the rear of the switch all the way down. The window will
continue going down until fully opened.
To stop the window while it is lowering, briefly press the
switch forward, then release it.
WindOW bQCk-QUa
Four-door models also have a lock-out switch. Press the
lock-out switch to disable the rear passenger’s power
window switches. This will prevent rear passengers from
opening and closing the windows. The driver can still
control all windows with the switch in the lock position.
If your vehicle has this feature, the switches on the
center console control each of the power windows when
the ignition is on. In addition, on four-door models,
each rear passenger door has a control switch for its
own window.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also swing them to the side.
2-15
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Arming the System
With the ignition off, pressing the remote keyless entry
transmitter LOCK button will arm the system
immediately after all doors and the trunk are closed. If
the transmitter LOCK button is pressed again within five
seconds, the horn will chirp to confirm that the system
has been armed.
Once the system is armed, the THEFT SYSTEM light
on your instrument panel will flash and remain flashing.
This confirms the system is armed and monitoring
the doors and trunk. If the light is on solid, the system is
not properly activated due to either a door or the
trunk being ajar.
If you don’t want to arm the system, lock the car with
the lock levers on the doors or with the power door lock
switch.
2-16
Disarming the System
If the system is armed, pressing the UNLOCK button on
the transmitter will disarm the system. The THEFT
SYSTEM light will stop flashing.
If the system is armed, turning the key to START will
also disarm the system.
If the system is armed and the trunk is opened using
the trunk release button on the transmitter, the system
will temporarily disarm itself and re-arm when the
trunk has been closed. This allows the customer to exit
the vehicle, lock the doors using the transmitter, and
open the trunk using the transmitter without having
to disarm and subsequently re-arm the system.
How the System Alarm is Activated
If the system is armed, opening any door or trunk, or
using a wrong key to start the vehicle will cause a
pre-alarm chirp for 10 seconds and then a full alarm of
horn and headlights for two minutes.
If an alarm event has finished and all doors and trunk
are closed, the content theft security system will re-arm
itself.
How to Turn Off the System Alarm
Passlock@
If the system alarm is active, it can be deactivated by:
Your vehicle is equipped with the
Passlock@ theft-deterrent system.
Pressing the transmitter LOCK or panic button to
turn off the alarm. The system will also re-arm if
all doors and trunk are later closed, or
pressing the transmitter UNLOCK or trunk button to
turn off the alarm and disarm the system, or
Passlock@ is a passive theft-deterrent system.
Passlock@ enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is
turned with a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the
ignition lock cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.
How to Detect a Tamper Condition
During normal operation, the THEFT SYSTEM light
will go off approximately five seconds after the key is
turned to the RUN ignition position following an
engine start.
If you hear three horn chirps when you press the
UNLOCK, LOCK or trunk buttons on your transmitter,
that means the content theft security system alarm was
triggered while you were away.
If the engine stalls and the THEFT SYSTEM light
flashes, wait until the light stops flashing before trying to
restart the engine. Remember to release the key from
START as soon as the engine starts.
Your dealer can change the settings to disable the
headlamp flash and horn chirp features. Your dealer can
also change the settings to allow the horn to chirp
twice on the first press of the UNLOCK button. See vour
dealer for more information.
If the engine is running and the THEFT SYSTEM light
comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if
you turn the engine off. However, your
Passlock@ system is not working properly and must be
serviced uy yvur cieaier . ‘{our v e i k i e is ICICJ~pIUiG&
by Passlock@ at this time. You may also want to check
the fuses, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-87.See your dealer for service. Also, see
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6 for more
information.
putting the key in the ignition and turning it to
START to turn off the alarm and disarm the system.
2-17
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn the key to five
different positions.
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
e
Don’t drive at any one speed -fast or
slow - for the first 500 miles (805 km). Don’t
make full-throttle starts.
e Avoid making hard stops for the first200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings aren’t yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake linings.
e
Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. See “Towing
a Trailer” in the Index for more information.
A (ACCESSORY): This position operates your electrical
accessories. Press in the ignition switch as you turn it
toward you.
B (LOCK): This position locks your steering wheel,
ignition, shift lever and transaxle. This is the only
position from which you can remove the key. A warning
chime will sound if you open the driver’s door when
the ignition is in LOCK and the key is in the ignition.
2-18
On manual transaxle vehicles, turning the key
to LOCK will lock the steering column and
result in a loss of ability to steer the vehicle.
This could cause a collision. If you need to
turn the engine off while the vehicle is moving,
turn the key only to OFF. Don’t press the key
release button while the vehicle is moving.
C (OFF): This position unlocks the steering wheel,
ignition and transaxle, but does not send power to any
accessories. Use this position if your vehicle must
be pushed or towed, but never try to push-start your
vehicle. A warning chime will sound if you open
the driver’s door when the ignition is in OFF and the key
is in the ignition.
D (RUN): This is the position to which the switch
returns after you start your engine and release the
switch. The switch stays in RUN when the engine
is running. But even when the engine is not running,
you can use RUN to operate your electrical accessories,
and to display some instrument panel warning lights.
Notice: If your key seems stuckin LOCK and you
E (START): This position starts the engine. When
can’t turn it, be sure you are using thecorrect key; if
the engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch
so, is it all theway in? If it is,then turn the steering
wheel left and right while you turn the key hard. Turnwill return to RUN for normal driving.
the key only with your hand. Using a tool
to forceit
Even if the engine is not running, ACCESSORY and
could break the key or the ignition switch.
If none of
RUN allow you to operate electrical accessories,
these works, then your vehicle needs service.
such as the radio.
2-19
Key Release Button (Manual Transaxle)
The ignition key cannot be
removed from the ignition
unless the key release
button is used.
Starting Your Engine
Automatic Transaxle
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position - that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Manual Transaxle
To remove the key, turn the key to OFF. Then, while
pressing the key release button in, turn the key to LOCK
and pull it straight out.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature which will allow the radio to
continue to work up to 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned to OFF.
Your radio will work when the ignition key is in RUN or
ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from RUN to
OFF, the radio will continue to work for up to 10 minutes
or until the driver’s door is opened.
2-20
The gear selector should be in neutral and the parking
brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor
and start the engine. Your vehicle won’t start if the clutch
pedal is not all the way down - that’s a safety feature.
Starting Your Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
Notice: Molding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about15
seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn't start, wait about 15 seconds and try
again to start the engine by turning the ignition
key to START. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
When your engine has run about 10 seconds to
warm up, your vehicle is ready to be driven. Don't
"race" your engine when it's cold.
If the weather is below freezing (32°F or OOC), let
thp pnnino
3" . -
f ~ 3r f+/
r n i n ~ . ~ ttn
~ !warm
s
3. If your engine still won't start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five or six seconds.
Phis clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you don't, your engine
might not perform properly.
11p~
2-21
Engine Coolant Heater
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
electrical cord is located in front of the engine
coolant surge tank on the passenger’s side.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 1IO-volt AC outlet.
If your vehicle has this feature, in very cold weather
0°F (-18°C) or colder, the engine coolant heater
can help. You’ll get easier starting and better fuel
economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant
heater should be plugged in a minimum of four
hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
above 32°F (OOC), use of the coolant heater is not
required.
2-22
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock.Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord
won’t reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
If your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transaxle,
the shift lever is located on the console between the
seats.
There are seven different positions for the automatic
transaxle. See ‘‘Forward Gears’’ later in this section.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels. It’s the
best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
It is dange.
to get irt of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK(P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See “Shifting Into Park (P)” in the
Index. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
2-23
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift
lock control system. You have to fully appiyyour regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) whenthe
ignition key is in RUN. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P),
ease pressure on the shift lever - push the shift lever all
the way into PARK (P) and also release the shift lever
button on floor shift console models as you maintain
brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear
you wish. (Press the shift lever button before moving the
shift lever.) See Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic
Transaxie) on page 2-30.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicleis
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see if
You Are Stuck: in Sand, Mud, ice or Snow on
page 4-29.
2-24
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
“racing” (running at high speed) is dangerous.
Unless your foot is firmly on the brakepedal,
your vehicle could move very rapidly. You
could lose control and hit people or objects.
Don’t shift into a drive gear while your engine
is racing.
Notice: Damage to your transaxle caused by
shifting into a drive gear with the engine racing isn’t
covered by your warranty.
Forward Gears
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving with the automatic transaxle. If you need
more power for passing, and you’re:
0
Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator all the way down.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
however, it offers more power and lower fuel economy
than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D). Here are some
times you might choose THIRD (3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
0
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on
hi!!^. !t c z he!“
~ r r- -nI *n- *t-r. n l \3r n l l r cnnnd
ac \In1I nn dnwn
- r - - - -- J - - ‘ J steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to
use your brakes off and on.
--*
Notice: Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than 25
miles (40km), or at speeds over55 mph (90 km/h),
or you can damage your transaxle. Use THIRD (3) or
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) as much as possible.
Don’t shift intoSECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h) or you can damage
your engine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but
lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can use it on
very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever
is put in FIRST (I), the transaxle won’t shift into first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Notice: If your front wheels won’t turn, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle. Also,
if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your
vehicle there with only the accelerator pedal. This
could overheat and damage the transaxle. Use your
brakes to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
2-25
Manual Transaxle Operation
Five-Speed
This is your shift pattern.
1
2
3
4
5
R
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up on
the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the
accelerator pedal.
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into
THIRD ( 3 ) ,FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5), the same way
you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the
brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press
the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to
NEUTRAL (N).
NEUTRAL (N): Use this position when you start or idle
your engine.
Here’s how to operate your transaxle:
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
REVERSE (R): To back up, press down the clutch
pedal, lift up the ring on the shift lever and shift
into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly
while pressing the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you’re going less
than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete
stop and it’s hard to shift into FIRST ( I ) , put the
shift lever in NEUTRAL (N) and let up on the clutch.
Press the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into
FIRST (1).
Notice: Shift into REVERSE (R) only after your
vehicle is stopped. Shifting into REVERSE (R) while
your vehicle is moving could damage your
transaxle. The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty.
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake,
for parking your vehicle.
2-26
Shift Speeds
While you accelerate, it is normal for the light to go on
and off if you quickly change the position of the
accelerator. Ignore the light when you downshift.
Parking Brake
If you skip a gear when 1 1 downshift, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You could
injure yourself or others. Don’t shift down
more than one gear at a time when you
downshift.
Up-Shift Light
If you have a manual
transaxle, you may have
an up-shift light. This
light will show you when to
shift to the next higher
gear for the best fuel
ecorrorr~y.
United States Only
When this light comes on, you can shift to the next
higher gear if weather, road and traffic conditions let you.
For the best fuel economy, accelerate siowiy and shift
when the light comes on.
Manual shown, Automatic similar
The parking brake lever is located between the
bucket seats.
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down
and pull up on the parking brake lever, If the ignition is
on, the brake system warning light will come on.
2-27
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can press
the release button. Hold the release button in as you
move the brake lever all the way down.
If you forget to release your parking brake prior to
driving away, a chime will sound to remind you to
release the parking brake.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
cause your rear brakes to overheat. You may have
to replace them, and you could also damage
other parts of your vehicle.
Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic
Trans-xle)
roll. If 1- J have left the er.,.ne
rul.. ..ng,
thevehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t
move, even when you’re on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you’re pulling a
trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down and set the parking
brake.
2. Move the shift lever into the PARK (P) position
like this:
Hold in the button on the shift lever
Push the lever all the way toward the front of
your vehicle.
It can be dangerous to get out of you lehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
CAUTION:
2-28
(Continued)
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Don’t leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of
the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and
then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-28.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
yc~’-;z zc\;cd the shift !e\iey
p,A.RK i
P
\ hnld
\
**-.the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can
move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first
pushing the button. If you can, it means that the
shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
I7
2-29
Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic
Transaxle)
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transaxle
Operation on page 2-23.
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear you
want.
5. Have your vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual
Transaxle)
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever - push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P), as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. (Press
the shift lever button before moving the shift lever).
Before leaving your vehicle, fully press the clutch pedal
in, move the shift lever into REVERSE (R), and firmly
apply the parking brake. Once the shift lever has
been placed in REVERSE (R) with the clutch pedal
pressed in, you can turn the ignition key to OFF, remove
the key and release the clutch.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift
out of PARK (P), try this:
See Manual Transaxle Operation on page 2-26.
1. Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
2-30
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Engine exh,,st
car. ...... .. ,ontains the gas
carbon monoxide(CO),which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming if:
in
Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
0 Repairs weren’t done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
I
Things that can burn could touct. ,,ot exl.,Jst
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or otner things
that can burn.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out anyCO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-31
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, Pnre are some thi-s to know.
luling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle evenif
the fan is at the highest setting. One place this
can happen is agarage. Exhaust - with
CO - can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.See
“Winter Driving’’ in the Index.
2-32
.. can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle won’tmove, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shiftlever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See Shifting lnto Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
on page 2-28.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a trailer,
also see Towing a Trailer (Automatic Transaxle) on
page 4-36 or Towing a Trailer (Manual Transaxle) on
page 4-42.
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from lamps behind you, move the lever
toward you to the night position.
To adjust your passenger's outside mirror, sit in the
driver's seat and have a passenger adjust the mirror
for you.
The mirror is a spring-loaded breakaway design.
Outside Power Mirrors
If your vehicle has this
feature, the power mirror
control is located on
the driver's door.
Outside Remote Control Mirror
The outside rearview mirror
should be adjusted so you
can see a little of the side of
your vehicle when you are
sitting in a comfortable
driving position.
.--
A!-*-".+--I
nleAi,,",;,-.n
I U I I I LI I C bUI I L I V I b I V b l \ V V 1 3
T.
Adjust the driver's outside mirror with the control lever
on the driver's door.
b
,n+n&.,-.lnmhn,;co tn
-&.
nn,
VI
'CIWUI I L ~ I ~ I V " I \ " " I U " L"
choose the mirror you want to adjust. Then move the
control in the direction you want the mirror to move.
Adjust each mirror so you can see a little of the side of
your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable
driving position.
The mirror has a spring-loaded breakaway design.
2-33
Outside Convex Mirror
Outside Breakaway Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
I
A. Adjustment Lever T End
B. LeverSlide
C. Mirror
D. Spring
E. Adjustment Lever Handle
2-34
If the mirror control lever is unable to operate the mirror
adjustment, you can reset the adjustment lever on
the driver’s side mirror only, by following these steps:
1. Roll down the driver’s door window.
2. Fold the mirror toward the front of the vehicle. Hold
the mirror in position with your left hand.
3. With your right hand, move the adjustment lever
handle (inside the vehicle) in order to align the T
end of the lever with the lever slide.
4. Fold the mirror back to the original position in order to
engage the T end of the lever with the lever slide.
5. Make sure the mirror housing is fully seated to
its base.
2-35
Onstar@ System
Onstar@ Services
OnStar' provides a number of service plans to closely
meet your needs. Some of the services currently
provided by OnStap are:
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
Emergency Services
Roadside Assistance Stolen Vehicle Tracking
AccidentAssist
Remote Door Unlock
OnStar' uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and state of
the art call centers to provide you with a wide range of
safety, security, information and convenience services.
An Onstar@ subscription plan is included in the price of
your vehicle. You can easily upgrade or extend your
OnStar' services to meet your personal needs.
A complete OnStar' user's guide and the terms and
conditions of the Onstar@ Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your Onstar@-equipped
vehicle's glove box literature. For more information, visit
www.onstar.com, contact Onstar@ at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827), or press the blue OnStar' button
to speak to an OnStar' advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days
a week.
2-36
Remote Diagnostics
Onstar@ MED-NET (Requires separate activation
and annual fee on some plans)
Online and Personal Concierge Services
Route Support
RideAssist
Information and Convenience Services
Onstar@ Personal Calling
Onstar@ Virtual Advisor
With Onstar@ Personal Calling, you have a safer way
to stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free
wireless phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You
can place calls nationwide using voice-activated
dialing with no contracts, no roaming charges and no
access fees. To find out more about Onstar@ Personal
Calling, refer to the Onstar@ owner’s guide in your
vehicle’s glove box, or call Onstar@ at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
With Onstar@ Virtual Advisor you can listen to your
favorite news, entertainment and information topics,
such as traffic and weather reports, stock quotes and
sports scores. You listen to your e-mail through
your vehicle’s speakers, and reply with your hands on
the wheel and your eyes on the road.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of Onstar@ services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for Onstar@ Personal
Calling and Onstar@ Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
2-37
Storage Areas
Cupholder(s)
There are two cupholders located at the front of the
center console, in front of the shift lever. There are also
cupholders for the rear seat passengers located
under the center console lid. Open the center console
lid all the way to uncover the rear cupholders. There
may also be a large, removable cupholder inside of the
center console lid.
Center Console Storage Area
To open the center console, pull the lift lever up and the
lid back.
To close the center console, push the lid down until
it clicks.
2-38
Convenience Net
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
inside the back wall of the trunk. Put small loads,
like grocery bags, behind the net. It can help keep them
from falling over during sharp turns or quick starts
and stops.
Unclip a corner of the convenience net to fit larger
objects behind the net, then reclip it to secure them in
place. The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store them
in the trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
Sunroof
Open the sunshade by hand when using the vent
position.
Your vehicle may have a
sunroof. With the ignition
on, press and hold the rear
of the switch and the
glass panel will open to
the vent position.
Press and hold the rear of the switch again to open the
glass panel and the sunshade. Release the switch to
stop the panel in any position.
Press and hold the front of the switch to close the glass
panel. The sunshade can only be closed by hand.
The sunroof glass panel cannot be opened or closed if
your vehicle has an electrical failure.
2-39
Y
P
0
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ............................... 3.2
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................ 3.3
Other Warning Devices ................................... 3.4
Horn ............................................................. 3.4
Tilt Wheel ..................................................... 3.5
Turn SignaVMultifunction Lever ......................... 3.5
Exterior Lamps ............................................. 3.12
Interior Lamps .............................................. 3.14
Accessory Power Outlets ............................... 3.16
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................ 3.16
Climate Controls ............................................ 3.17
Climate Control System ................................. 3.17
Outlet Adjustment ......................................... 3.20
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ............. 3.21
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................ 3.22
Speedometer and Odometer ........................... 3.23
Tachometer ................................................. 3.23
Safety Belt Reminder Light ............................. 3.24
..
A A
H I r ~ a nearjirress
y
iiyi-li ............................... .J. c-t
Charging System Light .................................. 3.25
Up-Shift Light ............................................... 3.26
Brake System Warning Light .......................... 3.26
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ............. 3.27
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light .........3.28
Enhanced Traction System Active Light ............3.29
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage .................. 3.29
- -
0
Low Coolant Warning Light ............................ 3.30
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ............................. 3.30
Oil Pressure Light ......................................... 3-33
Passlock@ Warning Light ............................... 3.34
Check Gages Warning Light ........................... 3.34
Service Vehicle Soon Light ............................ 3-35
Fuel Gage ................................................... 3-35
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3.36
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) .................................. 3-36
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ......................................... 3.36
AM-FM Radio ............................................... 3-37
Radio with CD .............................................. 3.40
Radio with Cassette and CD .......................... 3.50
Personal Choice Radio Controls ...................... 3.62
Theft-Deterrent Feature (Non RDS Radios) .......3-62
Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS Radios) .............3-62
Understandmg Hadlo Heceptlon ...................... 3-63
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ................. 3-63
Care of Your CDs ......................................... 3-64
Care of Your CD Player ................................ 3.64
Fixed Mast Antenna ...................................... 3-65
XMTM Satellite Radio Antenna Systern .............3-65
Chime Level Adjustment ................................ 3-65
~
~~
3- 1
The main components of your instrument panel are the
following:
A. FogLampButton
B. Instrument Panel Brightness Control
C. Turn SignallMultifunction Lever
D. Instrument Panel Cluster
E. Hazard Warning Flashers Switch
F. IgnitionSwitch
G. Windshield WiperlWasher Controls
H. CigaretteLighter
I. AudioSystem
J. Climate Controls and Rear Window Defogger
K. Fuse Panel
L. Remote Trunk Release Button
M. Hood ReleaseLever
N. Tilt Steering Wheel Lever
0. Parking Brake Lever
n
n - - - - - - _ . n -...
n..+~-+
r . M L L G ~ ~ U I YI U V V G I wuuct
- w
Q. ShiftLever
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
aisu iei puiitit: ~ I C I U W
YVG PIZVE 2 p i ~ b l eY~G. G ~~ G G ;
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-3
The hazard warning
flasher switch is located on
the top of the steering
column.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work. Make sure the hazard warning
flasher switch is all the way to the left for normal turn
signal operation.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Horn
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Move the switch to the right to make the front and rear
turn signal lamps flash on and off. Move the switch
to the left to turn the flashers off.
3-4
You can sound the horn by pressing the center of your
steering wheel near the horn symbols.
Tilt Wheel
Your vehicle may have a tilt wheel which allows you to
adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can
raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room
when you exit and enter the vehicle.
'Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
I
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass
To tilt the wheel, hold the wheel and pull the lever.
Then, move the wheel to a comfortable position
and release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
0
Cruise Control
For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 3-12.
3-5
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To change the headlamps from low beam to high or high
beam to low, pull the turn signal lever all the way
toward you. Then release it.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
When the high beams are
on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
Flash-to-Pass
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal
a turn, check the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-81 and for burned-out bulbs.
3-6
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
To use it, pull the turn signaVmultifunction lever toward
you until the high-beam headlamps come on, then
release the lever to turn them off.
Windshield Wipers
Turn the lever down for a longer delay or up for a
shorter delay. The further the lever is turned upward,
the shorter the delay will be and the further the lever is
turned downward, the longer the delay will be. The
wiper speed can only be adjusted when the lever is in
the DELAY position. Use this position for light rain
or snow.
A
1 (Low Speed): Move the lever up to the first
setting past DELAY for steady wiping at low speed.
A
2 (High Speed): Move the lever up to the second
setting past DELAY for steady wiping at high speed.
Use this lever located on the right side of the steering
wheel to operate the windshield wipers.
0 OFF: Move the lever to OFF to turn off the
windshield wipers.
A
DELAY: If your vehicle has delay wipers, move the
lever to DELAY to choose a delayed wiping cycle.
MIST: Move the lever all the way down to MIST for
a singie wiping cycle. Hold it there until the windshield
wiper starts; then let go. The windshield wipers will stop
after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the
band on mist longer.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wipers. If this
occurs, a circuit breaker will stop the wipers until the
wiper motor cools. So, be sure to clear any snow or ice
from the windshield wiper blades before using them.
If the wiper blades are frozen to the windshield, carefully
loosen them or warm the windshield before turning
the wipers on. If your blades do become worn or
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
3-7
Windshield Washers
Cruise Control
To wash your windshield, pull the stalk with the wiper
symbol on it toward you one time. When you release the
stalk, the washers will stop. The wipers continue
wiping for approximately three cycles and will either
stop or will resume the speed you were using before.
In freezing weather, d-.. .Jse your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can maintain a
speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really
help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at
speeds below about 25 mph (40 m/h).
When you apply your brakes, or theclutch pedal if you
have a manual transaxle, the cruise control shuts off.
3-8
Setting Cruise Control
0
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise contra! or:
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheel spinning, and you could
lose control. Don’t use cruise control on
slippery roads.
leave your cruise control on when you’re
not using cruise, you might hit a button andgo
into cruise when you don’t want to. You could
be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
If
YSU
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
enhanced traction system begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. See
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) on page 4-8. When
road conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
iurn tile cruise wnirui U a ~ kUII.
3. Push the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
3-9
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake or clutch pedal. This,
of course, shuts off the cruise control. But you don’t
need to reset it. Once you’re going about 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more, you can briefly move the cruise
control switch from ON to R/A.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the switch at R/A longer, the vehicle will
keep going faster until you release the switch or apply
the brake or clutch pedal. So unless you want to go
faster, don’t hold the switch at R/A.
3-1 0
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to get to a higher speed.
Push the SET button at the end of the lever, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
Move the cruise control switch from ON to R/A.
Hold it there until you get up to the speed you
want, and then release the switch. To increase your
speed in very small amounts, briefly move the
switch to R/A then release it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the button. Each time you do this, you’ll go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake or clutch pedal takes you out
of cruise control. Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.
EndiKJ CrhaiSe CQnarQl
There are several ways to turn off the cruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal, or push the
clutch pedal, if you have a manual transaxle, or
move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your
cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. \.A.!hc: pi:g y
+ 9 rteen hill
ma\) hawe TQ sten
r *
J
‘**-I
r
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
--
WAII
*“*7
3-1 1
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamp band has three positions:
OFF: Turning the band to this position turns off all
lamps, except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
pf
(Parking Lamps): Turning the band to this position
turns on the parking lamps, together with the following:
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
Instrument Panel Lights
0: (Headlamps): Turning the band to this position
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
Lamps On Reminder
The exterior lamp band on the turn signal/multifunction
lever controls the exterior lamps.
3-1 2
I f you open the driver’s door with the ignition off and the
lamps on, you will hear a warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps
come on at a reduced brightness in daylight when
the following conditions are met:
The ignition is on,
the exterior lamp band is in OFF or in the parking
lamp position,
the parking brake is released, and
the transaxle is not in PARK (P) on models with an
automatic transaxle only.
:::o
This indicator light on your
instrument panel cluster
will come on when the DRL
are on.
0 . 0
A flashing DRL telltale indicates a possible burned out
headlamp, or that the vehicle may need service to repair
a stuck DRL relay.
When the DRL are on, your low-beam headlamps will
be on at a reduced brightness. The taillamps,
sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on. Your
instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
When you turn the exterior lamp band to the headlamp
position, your low-beam headlamps will come on.
The other lamps that come on with your headlamps will
also come on.
When you turn off the headlamps, the regular lamps will
- _I.__
L - - A I ---...:I1
yu U I I , d l IU I u v v - u G a I I I I l e a u l a l l l p VVIII VI I I G V I I LV LI I G
-L(
-1
I
L
^-
4-
4L,.
reduced brightness.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake. The DRL will stay off until you release the parking
brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
3-13
Fog Lamps
Interior Lamps
If your vehicle has this feature, use your fog lamps for
better visibility in foggy or misty conditions.
Instrument Panel Brightness
The button for your fog
lamps is located next to
the instrument panel
brightness control.
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The thumbwheel for this
feature is located on the
instrument panel to the left
of the steering column.
Push the top of the button to turn the fog lamps on.
Push the top of the button again to turn the fog lamps off.
When using fog lamps, the parking lamps or low-beam
headlamps must be on.
A light on the button will come on when the fog lamps
are actually on. Fog lamps will go off whenever the
high-beam headlamps come on. When the high-beam
headlamps go off, the fog lamps will come on again.
3-14
Turn the thumbwheel up to brighten the lights or down
to dim them. Turn the thumbwheel up all the way to
turn on the interior courtesy lamps.
Entry Lighting
Battery Run-Down Protection
When you open either a front door or a rear door, I:he
lamps inside your vehicle will go on. In addition, if
your vehicle is equipped with remote keyless entry, the
light will come on when the remote keyless entry
UNLOCK button is pressed.
Your vehicle is equipped with a battery saver feature
designed to protect your vehicle’s battery.
After you exit the vehicle and all of the doors have been
closed, the lamps will stay on for an additional
20 seconds before fading off. The lamps will also fade
to off when the key is inserted and turned to RUN
or ACCESSORY, or the LOCK button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
When any interior lamp (trunk, reading, dome, etc.) is
left on and the ignition is turned off, the battery rundown
protection system will automatically turn the lamp off
after 20 minutes. This will avoid draining the battery.
This system does not protect against leaving on
the headlamps or parking lamps.
To reactivate the interior lamps, do one of the following:
The ignition must be turned on, or
the activated interior lamp must be turned off, then
on, or
Front Reading Lamps
If your vehicle has this feature, these lamps are located
on the rearview mirror. Turn each one on and off by
pressing its button.
Map Lamps
e
any door must be opened.
The battery rundown protection feature will also be
activated when any door is left open.
If your vehicle has this feature. these lamps are located in
front of the dome lamp. Toturn the lamps on, press the
button. Press the buttonagain to turn them off.
3-15
Accessory Power Outlets
The accessory power outlet can be used to connect
electrical equipment such as a cellular phone or
CB radio.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
installation instructions included with the equipment.
The accessory power outlet is located on the lower
console on the passenger’s side.
Notice: Power outlets are designed for accessory
plugs only. Do not hang any type of accessory
or accessory bracket from the plug. Improper useof
the power outlet can causedamage not covered
by your warranty.
To use the outlet, remove the cover. When not in use,
always cover the outlet with the protective cap.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Notice: When using an accessory power outlet,
maximum electrical load must not exceed five amps.
Always turn off any electrical equipment when not
in use. Leaving electrical equipment on for extended
periods will drain your battery.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your dealer for additional information
on the accessory power outlet.
Notice: Adding some electrical equipment to your
vehicle can damage it or keep other things from
working as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty. Check with your dealer before
adding electrical equipment, and never use anything
that exceeds the amperage rating.
3-16
Your vehicle may have an ashtray and cigarette lighter.
To use the lighter, just push it in all the way and let
go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Notice: Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your
hand while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heatingelement.
To clean the center console ashtray, remove the entire
ashtray and empty it. The ashtray can be placed in
the rear cupholder for the rear seat passengers to use.
Notice: Don’t put papers or other flammable
items into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
a damaging fire.
Climate Controls
Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
tg
(Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets and outboard outlets (for the side windows)
with some air directed to the windshield.
The right knob can also be used to select defrost mode.
Information on defogging and defrosting can be found
later in this section.
@ (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
In any setting other than off, the fan will run continuously
with the ignition on. The fan must be turned on to run
the air conditioning compressor.
0 (Off): To turn the fan off, turn the knob all the way
counterclockwise to the off pmifim.
Operation
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
2
(Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
;E!!
+2
C:f!efE.
(Bi-Level): This mode directs approximately half of
the air to the instrument panel outlets, and then
directs the remaining air to the floor outlets. Cooler air is
directed to the upper outlets and warmer air to the
ilooi oiitlets.
&
(Recirculate): This mode keeps outside air from
coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or to
help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
An indicator light will come on in this mode. The
aif-wfdiiiui lil ~y tiul-[rpressucdisu C;U;TI~~S
Ui-1. Gpei-ztieG i~
this mode during periods of high humidity and cool
outside temperatures may result in increased window
fogging. If window fogging is experienced, select
the defrost mode.
3-17
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to manually increase or decrease
the temperature inside your vehicle.
-@ (Air Conditioning):
Press this button to turn the
air-conditioning system on or off. When this button
is pressed, an indicator light above the button will come
on to let you know the air conditioning is activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside
air escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days:
1. Select the recirculation mode.
2. Select air conditioning.
3. Select the coolest temperature.
4. Select the highest fan speed.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in
your vehicle has cooled, switch from recirculation
to vent, bi-level or floor.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-18
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass. This
can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost
from your windshield and side windows. Use the
defog mode to clear the windows of fog or moisture and
warm the passengers. Use the defrost mode to
remove fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
For best result.., clear all snow and ice from the
windshield before defrosting.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
+3(Defog): This mode directs half of the air to the
windshield and the side window outlets and half to the
floor outlets. When you select this mode, the system
runs the air-conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. The air-conditioning
indicator light will also be on in this setting. To defog
the windows faster, turn the temperature control
knob clockwise to the warmest setting.
(Defrost): This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield, with some air directed to the side window
outlets and the floor outlets. When you select this mode,
the system runs the air-conditioning compressor
unless the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
The air-conditioning indicator light will also be on in
this setting.
To defog the side windows, set the right knob to floor
and the fan knob to the highest setting. You can use the
air conditioning while in this setting by pressing the air
conditioning button. In both cases, aim the side
outlets toward the side windows. For increased airflow
to the side outlets, close the center outlets. Do not drive
the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in RUN.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on
again, the defogger will only run for approximately five
minutes before turning off. The defogger can also
be turned off by pressing the button again or by turning
off the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
@
(Rear): Press the button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. Be sure to clear as much snow from
the rear window as possible. An indicator light above
the button will come on to let you know that the
rear window defogger is activated.
3-19
Outlet Adjustment
Operation Tips
Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the vehicle that may block
the flow of air into your vehicle.
Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
Use the louvers located on the air outlets to change the
direction of the airflow.
3-20
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be
costly - and even dangerous. So please get to know
your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
3-21
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast
you’re going, about howmuch fuel is left in the tank, and many other things you’ll need to drive safelyand economically.
United States Cluster shown, Canada similar
3-22
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
Your odometer can be seen when the vehicle is
running. To view it when the ignition is off, press the trip
odometer button located near the display. The mileage
will display for about five seconds.
The odometer and trip odometer can be displayed with
the ignition off by pressing the trip odometer reset
button. The display will remain on for five seconds after
the last time the reset button is pressed.
Tachometer
7
If your vehicle has this
feature, the tachometer
displays the engine speed
in revolutions per
minute (rpm).
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can teli you how far your
vehicle has
been driven sinceyou last reset thetrip odometer to zero.
Your trip odometer can be seen when the vehicle is
running. To view it when the ignition is off, press the trip
odometer button located near the display. You will
first see the total miles your vehicle has traveled. Press
it again TO see 'rne miieaye sirice iile hip uLiurr~eier
was last reset. The display will show the mileage for
about five seconds.
Notice: Do not operate the engine with the
tachometer in the red area, or enqine damage
may occur.
The trip odometer reset button is located next to the
odometer. By pressing the reset button, you can
alternate bettteen the seasm odorr;eter and the trip
odometer. To reset the trip odometer, press and hold the
reset button for one or two seconds.
3-23
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensor, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see Air Bag Systems on page 1-51.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds,
then it will flash for several
more.
I
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash for
a few seconds. Then the
light should go out. This
means the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-24
Charging System Light
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle,it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash.
To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced rightaway if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash fcr a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition,
and the engine is not
running, as a check
to show you it is working.
Then it should go out when the engine is started.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the electrical charging system.
It could indicate that you have a loose generator drive
belt, or another electrical problem. Have it checked right
away. Driving while this light is on could drain your
battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
& I cGi-,&;iGi-,er.
3-25
Up-Shift Light
United States Only
If you have a manual
transaxle you may have
this light. This light comes
on when you need to
shift to the next higher
gear. See Manual
Transaxle Operation on
page 2-26.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
3-26
BRAKE
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-31.
YOLU branG system may b , d be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped
carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
I
I
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon
as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the
engine again to reset the system. If the light still stays
on, or comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle
needs service. If the regular brake system warning
light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have
anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system warning
light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 3-26.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. This
is normal. If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If your vehicle is equipped
with the anti-lock brake
system, the light will come
on when your engine is
started and may stay on for
severai secorlus. Tilai’s
normal.
3-27
Enhanced Traction System Warning
Light
United States
The Enhanced Traction System warning light may come
on for the following reasons:
If you turn the system off by moving the shift lever
to FIRST (1) or SECOND (2)’ the warning light will
come on and stay on. To turn the system back
on, move the shift lever back to a position other than
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2). The warning light
should go off. See Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
on page 4-8 for more information.
The warning light will come on when you set your
parking brake with the engine running, andit will stay
on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.If the
transaxle shift lever is in any position otherthan
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and the warning light
stays on after your parking brake is fully released,
it
means there’s a problem with the system.
Canada
If your vehicle is equipped with the Enhanced Traction
System (ETS), this warning light should come on
briefly as you start the engine. If the warning light
doesn’t come on, then have it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s a problem.
If the warning light stays on, or comes on when you’re
driving, there may be a problem with your Enhanced
Traction System and your vehicle may need service.
When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
a
If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the systemwill turn off and
the warning light will come on.
a
If the vehicle is driven on an extremely rough road,
the warning light may come on momentarily but will
go off again when the vehicle leaves the rough
surface.
If the Enhanced Traction System warning light comes
on and stays on for an extended period of time when the
transaxle shift lever is in any position other than
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2), your vehicle needs service.
3-28
Enhanced Traction System Active
Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
LOW
TRAC
I
States
United
I
I
Canada
When your Enhanced Traction System is limiting wheel
spin, this light will come on. Slippery road conditions
may exist if the Enhanced Traction System active light
comes on, so adjust your driving accordingly.
This light may also come on when the anti-lock brake
system is active.
The light will stay on for a few seconds after the
tnhancecl Traction System stops iirniiiny wireei spill.
The Enhanced Traction System active light also comes
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If
the light doesn't come on then, have it fixed so it will be
there to tell you when the system is active.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with one of these gages. With
the ignition in RUN, this gage shows the engine
coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine
is too hot! It means that your engine coolant has
overheated. The CHECK GAGES light should come on
if this condition exists. See Check Gages Warning
Light on page 3-34 for more information. If you have
been operating your vehicle under normal conditions,
you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn
off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-25.
3-29
Low Coolant Warning Light
This light comes on briefly
when you turn your
ignition on.
If this light comes on and stays on, the coolant level in
your vehicle is low. If the light is on along with an
overheat warning, you may have a serious overheating
problem. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-29.
Nofice: Damage to your engine from neglected
coolant problems can be costly and is not covered
by your warranty.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for information on
what to do. Your vehicle should be serviced as soon as
possible.
3-30
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
I
I
I
Canada
United States
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Light Flashing - A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center
diagnosis and service may be required.
bight On Steady - An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
Reducing vehicle speed.
0
Avoiding hard accelerations.
0
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady’’ following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the anninn
!f thp lic~htrpm?.ins on steady, see “If
3” .-.
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
flashing, follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle
to your dealer or qualified service center for service.
3-31
If the Light Is On Steady
You also may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
3-32
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check
the vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment
and diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection
could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the Check
Engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines thatcritical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happenif
you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery
has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to
evaluate critical emission control systems during normal
driving. This may take several days of routine driving. If
you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass
the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, see
your dealer or qualified service center to prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
Oil Pressure Light
If you’re idling at a stop sign, the light may blink on
and then off.
If you have a low engine
oil pressure problem, this
light will stay on after
you start your engine, or
come on when you
are driving. This indicates
that your engine is not
receiving enough oil.
The engine could be low on oil, or could have some
other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately.
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for
a moment. This is normal.
,;iving
if the oi. ,ressure is low. If
you do, your engine can becomeso hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
The oil light could also come on in three other situations:
When the ignition is on but the engine is not
running, the light will come on as a test to show you
it is working, but the light will go out when you
turn the ignition to START. If it doesn’t come on with
the ignition on, you may have a problem with the
fuse or bulb. Have it fixed right away.
Notice: Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
3-33
Passlock@ Warning Light
Check Gages Warning Light
THEFT
SYSTEM
CHECK
GAGES
Canada
United States
United States
This light will come on briefly when you turn the key
to START.
If the light flashes, the Passlock@ system has entered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see Passlock@
on page 2- 17.
On vehicles equipped with the remote keyless entry
system, when the ignition is off and the security system
is armed, the light will flash to indicate that the
security system is active.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the
Passlock@ system. Your vehicle will not be protected by
Passlock@ , and you should see your dealer.
3-34
Canada
This light will come on briefly when you are starting the
engine. If it comes on and stays on while you are
driving, check your various gages to see if they are in
the warning zones or if you are low on fuel.
See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-29
and Fuel Gage on page 3-35.
Service Vehicle Soon Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn on
the ignition.
SERVICE
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left. When the indicator nears empty, the CHECK
GAGES light will come on. You still have about
1.5 gallons (5.7 L) of fuel left, but you should get more
soon. See Check Gages Warning light on page 3-34
earlier in this section for more information.
Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
0
It will stay on or come on if it detects a problem on the
vehicle. If this happens, see your dealer’s service
department as soon as possible.
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
Fuel Gage
\‘
\
\\
\
‘ C
I
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
0
The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
I
United States
Canada
3-35
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle - like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio - be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
Delphi Electronics radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment that
has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Your audio system has been designedto operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can doand how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under lgnition
Positions on page 2- 18.
3-36
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds.
Then press the HR arrow until the correct hour appears
on the display. Press and hold the MIN arrow until
the correct minute appears. The time may be set with
the ignition on or off.
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the HR or MN buttons, located below
the tune knob, for two seconds. Then press and hold HR
until the correct hour appears on the display. AM or
PM will also appear. Press and hold MN until the correct
minute appears on the display. The time may be set
with the ignition on or off. The clock symbol will appear
on the display in time-set mode.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold HR and MN at the same time for two seconds until
UPDATED and the clock symbol appear on the
display. If the time is not available from the station, NO
UPDAT will appear on the display instead.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes before pressing and holding the HR and
MN buttons to result in an update to the time.
AM-FM Radio
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
a SEEK b : Press the right or the left arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio
will go to a station, play for a few seconds and flash
the station frequency, then go on to the next station.
Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between time and radio station frequency. Time display
is available with the ignition turned off.
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the
SEEK arrows for more than four seconds until you hear
two beeps. The radio will go to the first preset station
stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds and
flash the station frequency, then go on to the next
preset station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to
stop scanning presets.
The radio will seek and scan only to stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-37
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bassnreble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM,
six FMI and six FM2) by performing the following
steps:
AUDIO: To adjust the bass and the treble, press and
release the AUDIO button repeatedly until BAS or
TRE appears on the display. Then press and hold the
up or the down arrow to increase or to decrease. If
a station is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease
the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FMI or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-38
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BAS or TRE. Then press and hold the AUDIO button for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and
a zero or T and a zero will appear on the display.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls
to the middle position, first end out of audio mode
either by pressing another button, causing the radio to
perform that function, or by waiting five seconds for
the display to return to time of day. Then press and hold
the AUDIO button for more than two seconds until
you hear a beep. CEN will appear on the display.
Adjusting the Speakers (BalancdFade)
Radio Messages
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, press and release the AUDIO
button until BAL appears on the display. Then press and
hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
CAL (Calibration): Your audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL
appears on the display it means that your radio has not
been configured properly for your vehicle and must
be returned to the dealership for service.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press and release the AUDIO button until
FAD appears on the display. Then press and hold the up
or the down arrow to move the sound toward the front
or the rear speakers.
LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ system has locked up. You must return
to the dealership for service.
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FAD. Then press and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a zero
or F and a zero will appear on the display.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls
to the middle position, first end out of audio mode
either by pressing another button, causing the radio to
perform that function, or by waiting five seconds for
rne aispiay io reiurrl io iirrle o i day. I I I H I p e s s and i-luid
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. CEN will appear on the display.
T I
3-39
Radio with CD
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display insteadof the
frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time
of
day, a program type (PTY) for current programming and
the name of the program being broadcast.
XMTMRadio Satellite Service(USA Only)
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming,
receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
display messages from radio stations, and
0
seek to stations with traffic announcements.
3-40
XMTMis a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk and children’s programming.
XMTMprovides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XMTMservice. For more
information, contact XMTMat www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume as
necessary to overcome noise at any speed. The volume
level should always sound the same to you as you
drive. NONE will appear on the display if the radio
cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want to
use automatic volume, select OFF.
DlSP (Display): Push this knob to switch the display
between radio station frequency and time. Time display
is available with the ignition turned off.
For RDS, press this knob to change what appears on
the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY and the
name of the program (if available).
For XMTM(USA only, if equipped), press this knob while
in XM mode to retrieve various pieces of information
related to the current song or channel. By pressing and
releasing this knob, you may retrieve four different
categories of information: Artist, Song Title, Category or
PTY, Channel NumberKhannel Name.
To change the default on the display, push the knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the knob
for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep
and selected display will now be the default.
3-41
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FMI,
FM2, or XMI, XM2 (USA only, if equipped). The
display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations (six AM,
six FMI and six FM2, six XM1 and six XM2 (USA
only, if equipped), by performing the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
1. Turn the radio on
4 SEEK b : Press the right or the left arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 , FM2, or XMI, or
XM2.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4
PSCAN (Preset Scan) b : Press and hold one of
the arrows for more than two seconds and the radio
will produce one beep. The radio will scan to the
first preset station stored on the pushbuttons, play for a
few seconds and flash the station frequency, then go
on to the next preset station. SCAN will be displayed.
Press one of the arrows again or one of the pushbuttons
to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong
signal.
3-43
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you
are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return and the bass and treble
equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (BassTTreble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the bass and the treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. You will hear one
beep and the radio will display ALL. The bass and the
treble will be adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
choose bass and treble equalization settings designed
for countqdwestern, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical
stations.
To adjust the fade, push and release the AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
to move the sound toward the front or the rear
speakers.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and
hold it until you hear one beep. The balance and the
fade will be adjusted to the middle position and the
display will show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, push
and release the AUDIO knob until MANUAL is
displayed.
3-43
Finding a PTY Station (RDS and XMTM)
RDS Messages
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a compact disc is playing. If the compact disc player
is playing, play will stop during the announcement.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
1. Press the P-TYPE LIST knob. TYPE and a PTY
will appear on the display.
2. Select a category by turning the P-TYPE LIST knob.
3. Once the desired category is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to take you to the category’s
first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that
category and the category is displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button once. If the category is not
displayed, press the SEEK TYPE button twice
to display the category and then to go to another
station.
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NONE
will appear on the display and the radio will return to
the last station you were listening to.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold BAND for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold BAND again for two seconds to
turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XMTM.
3-44
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. Press this button to see the message. The
message may display the artist and song title, call in
phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, partsof it will
appear every three seconds. Toscroll through the
message at your own speed,press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on the
display with each press. Once the complete message has
been displayed, the information symbol will disappear
from the display until another new message is received.
The old message can be displayed by pressing the INFO
button until a new message isreceived or a different
station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station, NO
INFO will be displayed.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
station that does. When the radio finds a station that
broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop. TRAF will
appear on the display and when a traffic announcement
comes on you will hear it. If no station is found, NO
TRAF will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. The traffic symbol and TRAF will appear on the
display while the announcement plays. If the compact
disc player was being used, play will stop during
the announcement.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ system has locked up. You must return
to the dealership for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your
radio can interrupt the
play of a CD, or XMTMstation. Press the TRAF
button. The radio will seek to a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements. When the radio finds a station
t k , t brc2dc2,sts traffic 222SLl2CS!X2fS, it ?nJI!!sten.
r T3P.F
will appear on the display. When a traffic announcement
comes on the station that was found, you will hear it.
When the traffic announcement is over, the radio
will resume play of the CD,or XMTMstation. If no station
is found, NO TRAF will appear on the display.
3-45
XMTMRadio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
I
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Sign1
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
~~
CH Unavl
No Info
No Info
3-46
XMTMRadio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
I
No Info
No info
Not Found
XM Lock
Radio ID
~~
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
~
Unknown
hardware failure)
Check XM
Hardware failure
I
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-47
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want
to insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DlSP or EJT.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing
for less than eight seconds. If pressed when the current
track has been playing for more than eight seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current track. TRACK
and the track number will appear on the display. If
you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc.
3-48
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the track. The
display will show ET and the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the track. The
display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
4
SEEK b : Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or of the previous track. Press the right
arrow to go to the start of the next track. If either of the
arrows is held or pressed more than once, the player
will continue moving backward or forward through
the CD.
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change the default on
the display (track or elapsed time), push the knob until
you see the display you want, then hold the knob
for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep and
selected display will now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The CD will stop but remain in the player.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio.
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
0
0
0
You're driving on a very rough road. When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
It's very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can't be
corrected, contact your dealer.
EJT (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
z ~ be
y ~ + ~ yith
~
! either
f
~ fhe
~ jnnitinn nr r3dic off.
a'""-''
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
3-49
Radio with Cassette and CD
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming and the name of the program being
broadcast.
XMTMRadio Satellite Service(USA Only)
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming,
receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
display messages from radio stations, and
seek to stations with traffic announcements.
3-50
XMTM isa continental U S . based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk and children’s programming.
XMTMprovides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XMTM service. For more
information, contact XMTMat www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume as
necessary to overcome noise at any speed. The volume
level should always sound the same to you as you
drive. NONE will appear on the display if the radio
cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want to
use automatic volume, select OFF.
DlSP (Display): Push this knob to switch the display
between radio station frequency and time. Time display
is available with the ignition turned off.
For RDS, press this knob to change what appears on
the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY and the
name of the program (if available).
For XMTM(USA only, if equipped), press this knob while
in XM mode to retrieve various pieces of information
related to the current song or channel. By pressing and
releasing this knob, you may retrieve four different
categories of information: Artist, Song Title, Category or
PTY, Channel NumberKhannel Name.
To change the default on the display, push the knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the knob
for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep
and selected display will now be the default.
3-5 1
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1,
FM2, or XMI, XM2 (USA only, if equipped). The
display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations (six AM,
six FM1 and six FM2, six XMI and six XM2 (USA
only, if equipped), by performing the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
1. Turn the radio on.
4
SEEK F : Press the right or the left arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FMI, FM2, or XMI,
or XM2.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4
PSCAN (Preset Scan) b : Press and hold one of
the arrows for more than two seconds. The radio will
produce one beep. The radio will scan through each of
the preset stations stored on the pushbuttons, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. SCAN
will be displayed. Press one of the arrows again or one of
the pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-52
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you
are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the
station you set will return and the bass and treble
equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
choose bass and treble equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical
stations.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it until
you hear one beep. The balance and the fade will be
adjusted to the middle position and the display will show
the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, push
and release the AUDIO knob until MANUAL is
displayed.
3-53
Finding a PTY Station (RDS and XMTM)
RDS Messages
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE LIST knob. TYPE and a PTY
will appear on the display.
2. Select a category by turning the P-TYPE LIST knob.
3. Once the desired category is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to take you to the category’s
first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that
category and the category is displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button once. If the category is not
displayed, press the SEEK TYPE button twice
to display the category and then to go to another
station.
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. If the
cassette tape or compact disc player is playing, play will
stop during the announcement. You will not be able
to turn off alert announcements.
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NONE
will appear on the display and the radio will return to
the last station you were listening to.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold BAND for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON
will appear on the display. The radio may switch to
stronger stations. Press and hold BAND again for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF
will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to
other stations.
This function does not apply for XMTM.
3-54
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. Press this button to see the message. The
message may display the artist and song title, call in
phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of it will
appear every three seconds. To scroll through the
message at your own speed, press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on
the display with each press. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information symbol
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received. The old message can be displayed
by pressing the INFO button until a new message is
received or a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station, NO
INFO will be displayed.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
station that does. When the radio finds a station that
broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop. TRAF will
appear on the display and when a traffic announcement
comes on you will hear it. If no station is found, NO
TRAF will appear on the display.
.vvrlerl
... a iraiiic al IIIWUII L ~ I - I - I I X I ~C C J I T I ~ ; .GiT
~
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your radio can interrupt the
play of a cassette, CD, or XMTMstation. Press the
TRAF button. The radio will seek to a station that
broadcasts traffic announcements. When the radio finds
a station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it
will stop. TRAF will appear on the display. When a traffic
announcement comes on the station that was found,
you will hear it. When the traffic announcement is over,
the radio will resume play of the cassette, CD, or
XMTMstation. If no station is found, NO TRAF will
appear on the display.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ system has locked up. You must return
to the dealership for service.
GCEG?
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. The traffic symbol and TRAF will appear on the
display while the announcement plays. If the compact
disc player was being used, play will stop during
the announcement.
3-55
XMTMRadio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Action Required
Condition
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer's request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Sign1
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
~~
~
___
Off Air
CH Unavl
No Info
No Info
3-56
1
~~
~
~~~
~~~
Channel not in service
Channel no longer
available
I
~~
~~~
~~
~
~~~~~
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
'
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
XMTMRadio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Action
Message
Condition
Required
No Info
3-57
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player. The longer side with the tape visible should
face to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is
off, the tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A
tape symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound, the
tape may not be in squarely. Press EJT to remove
the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO and
SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. The display
will show TAPE and an arrow showing which side of
the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition is off, first
press EJT or DISP.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
3-58
1 PREV (Previous): Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for previous
to work. Press this pushbutton to go to the previous
selection on the tape if the current selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or
the beginning of the current selection, depending upon
the position on the tape. If pressed when the current
selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds, it
will go to the beginning of the current selection.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display
while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
Pressing this pushbutton multiple times or holding it will
increase the number of selections to be searched
back, up to -9.
2 NEXT: Your tape must have at least three secondsof
silence between each selection for next
to work. Press
this pushbutton to go to the next selection on the tape.
If
you press the pushbutton more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the tape. SEEK and a
positive number will appear on the display.
3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play while the tape reverses. The
station frequency and REV will appear on the display.
You may select stations during reverse operation
using TUNE, SEEK or PSCAN.
4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
quickly. Press this pushbutton again to return to playing
speed. The radio will play while the tape advances.
The station frequency and FWD will appear on
the display. You may select stations during forward
operation by using TUNE, SEEK or PSCAN.
/1 EJT (Eject): Press this button, located to the right
of the cassette tape slot, to eject a tape. Eject may
be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
Cassette Tape Messages
CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If this message appears on
the radio display, the tape won’t play because of one
of the following errors.
0
5 0 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side
of the tape.
4
SEEK b : The right arrow is the same as the
NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the
PREV pushbutton. If the arrows are held or pressed
more than once, the player will continue moving forward
or backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive
or a negative number will appear on the display.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
tape is playing. The tape will stop but remain in the
player.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press TAPE CD to switch between
the tape and compact disc if b t h are Iaadrd. The
inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio
for future listening.
The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the tape
hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
tape may be damaged and should not be used in
the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player
is working properly.
The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
0
The tape is wrapped around the tape head. Attempt
to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See Care
of Your Cassette Tape Player on page 3-63.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-59
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after disabling the
tight/loose tape sensing feature on your tape player.
To disable the feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button. The radio will
display READY and flash the cassette symbol.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will
power up the radio and begin playing.
The override feature will remain active until EJT is
pressed.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the disc should begin playing.
The display will show the CD symbol. If you want
to insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first press
DlSP or EJT.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
3-60
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing
for less than eight seconds. If pressed when the current
track has been playing for more than eight seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current track. TRACK
and the track number will appear on the display. If
you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press it again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
4
SEEK b : The right arrow is the same as the
NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the
PREV pushbutton. If either of the SEEK arrows is
held or pressed more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press
this knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce
one beep.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
Gist is nlD\linn.
Thp disc Ij!\ s t ~ ph ~ Irempin
t
in the
r*-l**
’3
player.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a CD when
listening to the radio. Press TAPE CD to switch between
the tape and compact disc if both are loaded. The
inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio
for future listening.
EJT (Eject): Press this button, located to the right
of the CD slot, to eject a CD. Eject may be activated with
either the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with
the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
0
You’re driving on a very rough road. When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
It’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
0
It is verv humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-6 1
Personal Choice Radio Controls
This feature enables two drivers to store and recall
personal settings for radio presets, last tuned station,
volume, tone and audio source (radio, cassette or CD).
The numbers (1 or 2) found on the back of the remote
keyless entry transmitter correspond to the drivers
(1 or 2).
To recall audio sources, press the UNLOCK button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter and turn the ignition
on. The radio settings will automatically adjust to
where they were last set by the identified driver (1 or 2).
Theft-Deterrent Feature (Non RBS
Radios)
THEFTLOCK@ is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). If the
radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not operate
and LOC will be displayed.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not operate
if stolen.
To program this feature, do the following:
1. Press the UNLOCK button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter for the identified driver (1 or 2).
2. Turn the ignition on.
3. Set all radio preferences. For more information see
“Setting Preset Stations” and “Setting the Tone”
listed for your particular radio.
Follow these steps each time you want to change the
stored settings.
All vehicles are shipped with this feature on. This
feature can be disabled by your dealer if desired.
3-62
Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS
Radios)
THEFTLOCK@ is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). If the
radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not operate
and LOCKED will be displayed.
When the ignition is off and RAP is not active, the
blinking red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Understanding Radio Reception
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
AM
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (1 6 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
XMTMSatellite Radio Service
XMTMSatellite Radio gives you digital radio reception
from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall buildings
5: hi!!$ c2n I n f ~ r f yjth
~ r ~. C = ) t ~ l l ir?.din
t~
s i y a l s , callsin9
the sound to come and go. Your radio may display
“NO SIGNAL” to indicate interference.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN to
indicate that you have used your tape player for 50 hours
without resetting the tape clean timer. If this message
appears on the display, your cassette tape player needs
to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes
and player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a
known good cassette to see if the tape or the tape player
is at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement in
sound quality, clean the tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape
head as the hUDS ot tne cieaner casseiie iurn. Tile
recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership.
3-63
The broken tape detection feature of your cassette tape
player may identify the cleaning cassette as a
damaged tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette
from being ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for five
seconds. READY will appear on the display and a
cassette symbol will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken tape
detection feature will be active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to
clean the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will
not eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner
may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type
cleaner. The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type
cleaning cassette is not recommended.
3-64
After you clean the player, press and hold the EJT
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your CDs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your CD Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Fixed Mast Antenna
Chime Level Adjustment
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand.
If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals,
you should replace it.
Chime level adjustment is only available on RDS radios.
The radio is the vehicle chime producer. The chime is
produced from the driver’s side front door speakers.
To change the volume level, press and hold
pushbutton 6 with the ignition on and the radio power
off. The chime volume level wili change from the normal
level to loud, and LOUD will be displayed on the
radio. To change back to the default or normal setting,
press and hold pushbutton 6 again. The chime level
will change from the loud level to normal, and NORMAL
will be displayed. Each time the chime volume is
changed, three chimes will sound as an example of the
new volume selected. Removing the radio and not
replacing it with a factory radio or chime module will
disable vehicle chimes.
Check occasionally to be sure the mast is still tightened
to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten by
hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.
XMTMSatellite Radio Antenna
System
Your XMTMSatellite Radio antenna is located on the
roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of
snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
The performance of your XM system may be affected if
your sunroof is open.
3-65
Section
Driving Your Vehicle
~
~
~
Your Driving. the Road. and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ........................................... 4.2
. . . . . . . . . . .4.2
Drunken Driving .......................
Control of a Vehicle .................................... 4-5
Braking ......................................................... 4-6
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) ..................... 4-8
Steering ...................................................... 4-10
Off -Road Recovery ....................................... 4.12
Passing ....................................................... 4.12
Loss of Control ............................................. 4-14
Driving at Night ............................................ 4.15
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads .................. 4-16
City Driving .................................................. 4-19
~~~
~
~
~
Freeway Driving .............................
.......4.20
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................... 4-21
Highway Hypnosis ........................................ 4.22
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................ 4-22
Winter Driving .............................................. 4-24
If YouAre Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ........4-29
Towing .......................................................... 4.31
Towing Your Vehicle ..................................... 4.31
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................... 4.31
Loading Your Vehicle ................................... -4-34
Towing a Trailer (Automatic Transaxle) ............4-36
Towing a Trailer (Manual Transaxle) . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-42
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate OF
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task - such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor - makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-9.
Drunken Driving
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
4-2
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
0
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults - by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population - choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U S . state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It’s a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
The amount of alcohol consumed
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 Ib (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1 - 1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
The drinker’s body weight
* The amount of food that is consumed before and
0
derlng drinking
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-3
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
4-4
All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in
a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level
of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the
chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “1’11 be careful” isn’t the right
answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the
street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not
be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord or heart. This means that when anyone who
has been drinking - driver or passenger - is in a
crash, that person’s chance of being killed or
permanently disabled is higher than if the person had
not been drinking.
Drinking and then drivingis v=, I danger-s.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgement can be affected by evena small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious-or
even fatal-collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride witha
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You havethree systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They arethe brakes, the steering and
the accelerator.All three systems have to do their work at
:!x? ! x e s EherS the tires meet the r n x .
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the
tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
ccnt:c! c! ycz: Ye!.?k!e. ,*.!sc see F!?h~,’?CPdTrxtin.!?
System (ETS) on page 4-8.
4-5
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4of a second. But that’s
only an average. It might be less with one driver and as
long astwo or three seconds or more with another. Age,
physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But
even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts - heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking - rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
4-6
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, this warning light
on the instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that
your brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s what
-.---.-- ...:LL n np.
I I d t . J t . J ~ l 1 3 VVILI I nu3.
I-
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to the
vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the
same time. However, if you don’t have anti-lock,
your first reaction - to hit the brake pedal hard and
hold it down - may be the wrong thing to do. Your
wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle can’t
respond to your steering. Momentum will carry it in
whatever direction it was headed when the wheels
stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the very
thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
4-8
If you don’t have anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking while
maintaining steering control. You can do this by pushing
on the brake pedal with steadily increasing pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock, it’s different. See “Anti-Lock Brakes.”
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
If your vehicle has the optional four-speed automatic
transaxle and anti-lock brakes, it also has an Enhanced
Traction System (ETS) that limits wheel spin. This is
especially useful in slippery road conditions. The system
operates only when the transaxle shift lever is in the
REVERSE (R), THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
(D) position and the system senses that one or both
of the front wheels are spinning or beginning to
lose traction. When this happens, the system reduces
engine power and may also upshift the transaxle to limit
wheel spin.
-
See Enhanced Traction System Warning Light on
page 3-28. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
LOW
TRAC
I
United States
Canada
This light will come on when your Enhanced Traction
System is limiting wheel spin. See Enhanced Traction
System Active Light on page 3-29.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this is
normal.
TRAC
OFF
The Enhanced Traction System can operate when the
transaxle shift lever is in any position other than
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2). To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should use
REVERSE (R), THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
(D). See Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 2-23.
If your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and
rocking the vehicle is required, see If You Are Stuck:
In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-29.
When you move the shift lever to FIRST (1) or
SECOND (2)?the system will turn off. The Enhanced
Traction System warning light will come on and stay on.
If the Enhanced Traction System is limiting wheel
spin when you move the shift lever to another position,
the system won’t turn off right away. It will wait until
there’s no longer a current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the svstem back on at any time by moving
LLthe shift lever to any position other than FIRST (1) or
States
United
Canada
SECOND (2). The Enhanced Traction System warning
light should go off.
When the transaxle shift lever is in any position other
than FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and the parking brake is
fully released, this warning light will come on to let
you know if there’s a problem with the system.
4-9
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll
understand this.
The traction you can get ina curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
4-10
Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems
- steering
and braking - have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Unless you havefour-wheel anti-lock brakes,
adding the hard braking can demandtoo much of those
places. You can lose control.
The same thing can happen if you’re steering througha
sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those two
control systems - steering and acceleration-can
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the road
and make you lose control. See Enhanced Traction
System (ETS) on page 4-8.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking - if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action - steering around the
problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes - but, unless you
have anti-lock, not enough to lock your wheels.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-1 1
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents - the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
4-12
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it’s all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
a
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing, following too closely reduces your area
of vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep
back a reasonable distance.
a
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move
into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a “running start” that more than makes
up for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
a
If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone isn’t
trvinq to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
.
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
a
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
-
4-13
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In askid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Enhanced Traction System, remember:
It helps avoid only the acceleration skid. If you do
not have the Enhanced Traction System, or if the
transaxle is not in AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D), then
an acceleration skid is also best handled by easing
your foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-14
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues - such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” - and slow
down when you have any doubt.
If you have the anti-lock braking system, remember: It
helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do not have
anti-lock, then in a braking skid (where the wheels are
no longer rolling), release enough pressure on the
brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This restores
steering control. Push the brake pedal down steadily
when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the wheels
are rolling, you will have steering control.
Driving at Night
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
0
3
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
as we get older these differences increase. A
50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night drivingis more dangerous than day driving. One
reason ISthat some drivers are iiiteiy IO be impaired - by
alcohol or drugs, with nightvision problems, or by fatigue.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if
you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may
cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
Here are some tips on night driving.
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
4-15
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean - inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness - the inability to see in dim light - and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-16
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left,
you’ll get even less traction. It’s always wise to go
slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are
driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your
reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down before you
hit them.
Wet brakes can ca e accidents. They won’t
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddleof water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
4-17
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbodyof your vehicle. If
you can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
4-18
?r createsstrong
rces.
Flowing or rushin!
If you try to drive tnrough flowing
water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carriedaway. As little as six inchesof
flowing water can carry
away a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Don’t ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise very
be cautious
about trying to drive through flowing
water.
~
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-51.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount ot trattlc on tnem. Vou7i want to waicn our ior
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usuallya ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear viewof the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, youshould begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap atclose to the
prevailing speed. Switch on yourturn signal, check~OLII
mirrors and glance over your shoulderas often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-20
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts
in dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
0
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservior full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh - such as after a day’s
work - don’t plan to make too many miles that first
part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
yuu c;arl easily 6Iivt: ii-1.
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
s!cnn~p I r r ~ ~ ! t Sph n?1 . 1 1 c i
r-i~layymlr trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
y n ~ . ~
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-21
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t
let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave
the road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
e
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
e
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-22
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
Coas ....g downhill in NEUTRA- :N) or wit--fhe
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to doall the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going downa hill. You could crash. Always have
your engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
If you don’t shift dowl., yol.. .)rakes c - Id get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assisi your brakes on a sieep
downhill slope.
~
@
9
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
a lower gear.The lower gears helpcool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills ormountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over ine ‘rop oi a iliii, ut: aier i. Ti lele Cuuid
be something in your lane, like astalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones; a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alertto these and take appropriate
action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
YOU may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a
small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to
be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s
about freezing (32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition - smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow - drive with caution.
If you have the Enhanced Traction System, keep the
transaxle shift lever in the AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
(D) position so the system will be able to operate. It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. Even though your vehicle has this system,
you’ll want io slow down and adjust your driving to
the road conditions. See Enhanced Traction
System (ETS) on page 4-8.
4-25
If you don’t have the Enhanced Traction System,
accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If
you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin
and polish the surface under the tires even more.
Unless you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to brake very gently, too. (If you do have anti-lock,
see Braking on page 4-6. This system improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a
slippery road.) Whether you have the anti-lock braking
system or not, you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. Without anti-lock brakes,
if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up on the
brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down steadily to
get the most traction you can.
4-26
Remember, unless you have anti-lock,if you brake so
hard that your wheels stop rolling, you’ll just slide. Brake
so your wheels always keep rolling and you can still steer.
Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until
you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildingsor under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass
may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice aheadof you, brake
before you are onit. Try notto brake while you’re
actually on the ice,and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Here are some things to do to summon help and keep
yourself and your passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
0
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats - anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow.
4-27
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside.CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can’t see it or
smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
. You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-28
I
Open a window just a little on the sideof the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
If you let y--. ,ires s, ...I, hi,.. speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of
thevehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you’re stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
“Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-59.
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
4-29
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear
(or with a manual transaxle, between FIRST (1) or
SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R)), spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
4-30
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator
pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions,
you will cause a rocking motion that may free your
vehicle. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you
may need to be towed out. If you do need to be
towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” following.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towingmeans towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheelson the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle withtwo wheels on the ground and
two wheels up ona device known as a “dolly”).
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
e
What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
e
How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
e
Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
e
Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip on
page 4-2 I .
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
4-31
Dinghy Towing
You may dinghy tow your vehicle from the front following
these steps:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition key to OFF to unlock the steering
wheel.
3. Shift your transaxle to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Release the parking brake
Notice: Make sure that the towing speed does not
exceed 65 mph (110 km/h), or your vehicle could
be badly damaged.
4-33
Notice: Do not tow your vehicle from the rear. Your
vehicle could be badly damaged and the repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Dolly Towing
Your vehicle cannot be dolly towed, but can be dinghy
towed. See “Dinghy Towing” earlier in this section.
1
Notice: Dolly towing with one end of the vehicle
elevated may cause damage to occur because
of reduced ground clearance.
4-33
Loading Your Vehicle
m
‘
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
7
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
XXX
COLD
TIRE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
PRESSURE
SPEED
TIRE SIZE
RTG
PSliKPa
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1;28KPa
SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
A
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you
the proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives
you important information about the number of people
that can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you
can carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity
Weight, and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo
and all nonfactory-installed options.
4-34
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT
GAWR
RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spreadit
out. Don’t carry more than 132 Ibs. (60 kg) in your trunk.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle - like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else - they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
Th,,,gs you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
0 Put things in the trunk or rear area of your
vehicle. In a trunk, put them as far forward
as you can. Try to spread the weight
evenly. If you have fold-down rear seats,
you’ll find four anchors on the back wall of
your trunk. You can use these anchors to
tie down lighter loads. They’re not strong
enough for heavy things, howewer, so put
them as far forward as you can in the
trunk or rear area.
0 Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
4-35
Towing a Trailer (Automatic
Transaxle)
If
you
t use
? correct
equipmentand
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
--
4-36
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with an
automatic transaxle and the proper trailer towing
equipment. If your vehicle is not equipped as stated
above, do not tow a trailer. To identify what the vehicle
trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should
read the information in “Weight of the Trailer’’ that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment, and
it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more,
the trailer adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
0
Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your
engine, axle or other parts could be damaged.
* Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
0
0
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
0
the weight of the trailer,
9
the weight of the trailer tongue
0
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 Ibs. (450 kg). Bui
even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information
or advice, or you can write us at:
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Chevrolet Motor Division
CI!+L!cfCImer.A.cckt?.nrP center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
Do not tow when the outside air temperature is
above 100°F (38°C).
In Canada write to:
Do not tow more than 1,000 miles (1 600 km)
per year.
General Motors of Canada Limited
CLlstGme: Czmmunicatlzn Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario, L I H 8P7
4-37
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must add the
tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will
be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-34 for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-38
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10-1 5 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights
are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the
trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information Label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door, or see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-34.
Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for
your vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are
a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here
are some rules to follow:
8
The rear bumper onyour vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attachrental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does notattach to the bumper.
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do, then
be sure to seal the holes later when you remove the
hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide
(CO) from your exhaustcan get into your vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-31. Dirt and water
can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag on
the ground.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read
and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so
you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them
properly. Do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake
system. If you do, both brake systems won’t work well,
or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your venicie is by iiseii.
4-39
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
4-40
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument
panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane
change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving on Grades
Parking on Hills
Notices Do not tow on steep continuous grades
exceeding 6 miles (9.6 km). Extended, higher
than normal engine and transaxle temperatures may
result and damage your vehicle. Frequent stops
are very important to allow the engine and transaxle
to cool.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
Pay attention to the enginecoolant gage. If the indicator
is in the red area, turn off the air conditioning to reduce
engine load. See Engine Overheating on page5-25.
Youreall)hould
nc ,)ark y r vehicle,witha
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet. When parking uphill, turn your wheels
away from the curb. When parking downhill, turn
your wheels into the curb.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. F?e!easethe regu!ar brakes.
4-41
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
startyourengine,
shift into a gear, and
releasetheparkingbrake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear
of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services on page 6-4 for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are automatic
transaxle fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, drive belt,
cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering,
it’s a good idea to review this information before you
start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-25.
Towing a Trailer (Manual Transaxle)
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with a
manual transaxle.
4-42
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................ 5.3
Doing Your Own Service Work ......................... 5.4
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ...................................................... 5.4
Fuel ................................................................ 5.5
Gasoline Octane ............................................ 5.5
Gasoline Specifications .................................... 5.5
California Fuel ............................................... 5.6
Additives ....................................................... 5.6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ............................... 5.7
Filling Your Tank ............................................ 5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5.9
Checking Things Under
the Hood .................................................... 5.10
Hood Release .............................................. 5.10
Engine Compartment Overview ....................... 5.12
Engine Oil ................................................... 5.14
Engine Air CleanedFilter ................................ 5.18
Automatic Transaxle Fluid .............................. 5.20
Manual Transaxle Fluid .................................. 5.20
Hydraulic Clutch ........................................... 5.21
Engine Coolant ............................................. 5.22
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
..................5-24
Engine Overheating ....................................... 5.25
Cooling System ............................................ 5.27
Power Steering Fluid .........
.................5-33
Windshield Washer Fluid ............................... 5-34
Brakes ....................................
. . . . . . . . .5-35
Battery ........................................
.....5-39
Jump Starting ............................................... 5-40
Bulb Replacement .......................................... 5-45
Halogen Bulbs .............................................. 5-45
Headlamps .................................................. 5-45
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps .............. 5-47
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps ...................5-48
Back-up Lamps ............................................ 5-49
Replacement Bulbs ....................................... 5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement .............. 5-50
Tires .............................................................. 5-51
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-52
Tire Inspection and Rotation ........................... 5-53
When It Is Time for New Tires ....................... 5-54
Buying New Tires ......................................... 5-55
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................... 5-56
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-57
Wheel Replacement ...................................... 5-57
Tire Chains .................................................. 5-59
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................ 5-60
Changing a Flat Tire ..................................... 5-60
Compact Spare Tire ...................................... 5-70
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................ 5.71
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................. 5-71
Care of Safety Belts ...................................... 5.74
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5.74
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .................5-74
Sheet Metal Damage ..................................... 5.77
Finish Damage ............................................. 5.77
Underbody Maintenance ................................ 5.77
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................. 5.78
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ...........5.78
Vehicle Identification ...................................... 5.80
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ................. 5-80
Service Parts Identification Label ..................... 5.80
5-2
Electrical System ............................................ 5.81
Add-on Electrical Equipment .......................... 5.81
Headlamp Wiring .......................................... 5-81
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................ 5-81
Power Windows and Other
Power Options .......................................... 5-81
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................ 5-81
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-85
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts .......... 5.86
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........5.86
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you'll go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You'll get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
7
-
We hope you'll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your vehicle than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering information on
page 7-11.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-60.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work
you perform. See Part E: Maintenance Record on
page 6-26.
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough aboutit.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attemptany vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Gasoline Specifications
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasoline
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may
get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage your
engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate or
drive uphill is considered normal. This does not indicate
a problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is
necessary. If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane
fuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
California Fuel
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-30 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not haveto add anything to your fuel.
5-6
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may
be available in your area to contribute to clean air.
General Motors recommendsthat you use these
gasolines, particularly if they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel
that contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your
fuel system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under
your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs
and the performance of the emission control system
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
Filling Your Tank
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
passenger’s side of your vehicle.
Fuel !--&or is highl, _____ imable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
uon’t smoke it you’re near tuei or retueiing
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from fuel.
5-7
If you get fuel on yourself and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can
spray out on you if you open the fuel cap too
quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather.
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait forany
“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the capall
the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean fuel from painted
While refueling, hang the fuel cap inside the fuel door
by placing the fuel cap tether in the hanger.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
5-8
surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning the Outside
of Your Vehicle on page 5-74.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-30.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the
Index.
Filling a
r Irt
Container
Nevel II aport;efuel
cc ainerwhileit is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury
to you and others:
0 Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
0 Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-9
Hood Release
Checking Things Under
the Hood
To open the hood, do the following.
1. Pull the handle located
inside the vehicle on
the driver’s side under
the instrument panel.
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
Things that burn can get on hot
gin ,3arts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
~
L
5-10
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and lift up on the
secondary hood release lever. The secondary hood
release lever is located near the front center of
the hood toward the driver’s side.
are on properly. Then lift the hood to relieve
pressure on the hood prop. Remove the hood prop
from the slot in the hood and return the prop to
its retainer. Lower the hood 8 to 10 inches
(20 to 25 cm) above the vehicle and release it
to latch fully. Check to make sure the hood
is C!QSPc! 2nd repe2t the prnresc if necessary
5-1 1
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the engine, you’ll see the following:
D
5-12
A. Coolant Surge Tank
6. Engine Oil Dipstick
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap
D. Brake Fluid Reservoir
E.Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
F. Clutch Master Cylinder Reservoir
( I f Equipped) (Not Shown)
G. Battery
H. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
I. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
5-13
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
If the oil pressure light
appears on the instrument
cluster, it means you
need to check your engine
oil level right away.
For more information, see Oil Pressure Light on
page 3-33.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
Check the oil here.
The dipstick’s handle
will be a yellow ring.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12
for more information.
YOUshould check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes
to
drain back into the oilpan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
5-14
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the MIN mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use
the right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities
and Specifications on page 5-85.
Notice: Don’t add too much oil. If your engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above the
upper mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
I
This is where you add oil. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
5-15
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADEENGINE OILS
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use
any oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
HOT
WEATHER
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
If you choose to perform
the engine oil change
service yourself, be sure
the oil you use has
the starburst symbol on
the front of the oil
container. If you have your
oil changed for you, be
sure the oil put into
your engine is American
Petroleum Institute certified
for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the viscosity chart.
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
VISCOSITY GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
5-16
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is the
only viscosity grade recommended for your vehicle.
You should look for atid use only oils which have the
API Starburst symbol and which are also identified
as SAE 5W-30. If you cannot find such SAE 5W-30 oils,
you can use an SAE IOW-30 oil which has the API
Starburst symbol, if it's going to be 0°F (-18°C)
or above. Do not use other viscosity grade oils, such as
SAE IOW-40 or SAE 20W-50 under any conditions.
Nofice: Use only engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench@ oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below -20°F (-29"C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
~
~ C Z s! ~ts,r?iz:n,
~ ~
zzd
~ beiier
:
pmtecti~nf9r \Jr n l lr ennino
3" .at extremely low temperatures.
--'
Engine Oil Additives
Don't add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for
good performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these are true for you, use the short
tripkity maintenance schedule:
Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of your vehicle.
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months - whichever
occurs first .
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance scneauie. Cnange ine oii and iiiier every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months - whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine
under highway conditions will cause engine oil to
break down slower.
5-17
Your vehicle has a unique oil filter element. When
installing the filter cap do not exceed 18 Ib-ft (25 Nsm ).
Inspect the condition of the O-ring and replace if
damaged.
Engine Air CleaneVFilter
See your dealer for additional information.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don't let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer's
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
:, + . <;i, :.,
i.
I
; ",,i
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting
it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers,
or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it
by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your
dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
5-18
''I
. ,'
i'.
The engine air cleanedfilter is located on the driver's
side of the engine compartment near the battery.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
more information on location.
To check or replace the filter, remove the screws that
hold the cover on and lift off the cover. Be sure to
reinstall the cover tightly.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to replace the air filter.
see Pan A: Scneauiea iviainsenance Services on
page 6-4.
5-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to the dealership service
department and have it repaired as soon as possible.
You may also have your fluid level checked by your
dealer or service center when you have your oil changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
5-20
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-Ill,because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON@-Ill is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Manual Transaxle Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to the dealership
service department and have it repaired as soon as
possible. You may also have your fluid level checked by
your dealer or service center when you have your oil
changed. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-24 for the proper fluid to use.
Hydraulic Clutch
When to Check and What to Use
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
self-adjusting. The master cylinder reservoir is filled
with hydraulic fluid.
It is not necessary to regularly check the fluid unless
you suspect there is a leak in the system. Adding fluid
won’t correct a leak.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
How to Check and Add Fluid
You do not need to check the fluid level unless you
suspect a clutch problem. To check the fluid level,
take the cap off. If the fluid reaches the step inside
the reservoir, the fluid level is correct. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-72 for more
information on location.
5-2 1
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL@ engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL@ extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating
on page 5-25.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL@ coolant will:
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
Notice: When adding coolant, it is important that
you use only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL@ is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion may result. In addition, the engine coolant
will require change sooner- at 30,000 miles
(50,000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first.
Damage caused by the use of coolant other
than DEX-COOL@ is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL@ coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’tnee
o add an lingelse.
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
1
Adding only plainwatel
1 your cc
ing
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
I
I
5-22
Checking Coolant
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set
for the proper coolant mixture. With plain
water or the wrong mixture, your engine could
get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire and you
or others could be burned. Usea 50/50 mixture
of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL@
coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
h
n
q
,
n
I I U V G
~ , n v ~C vl
yUUl
n o l n v nhnrrl,
UCIUICII
-I
I’CIut\
~ ~ A I I pr\nl;nn
V
yvua
v v v l #a
#
y
r\,c)nm
u y u k v ~I.
I
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you don’t
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
Turning the s
3e tank pressure cap when the
-.-^I---I:-*-..
~ I I ~ allu
I I I l~
a
-..-
ula~wa
l m=
--- -...
I..-*
-11
-+I-IIWL b a l l a l l u v u a L = a I I I
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn
you badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap - even a little - when the engine and
radiator are hot.
~
~~
~~
~
5-23
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD mark.
If the low coolant light
comes on and stays on,
it means you’re low
on engine coolant.
See Low Coolant
Warning Light on
page 3-30.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool. If the surge tank is empty, a special
fill procedure is necessary. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-25 for instructions on “How to Add Coolant to
the Coolant Surge Tank”.
5-24
sp coc hot
on
nt
You ca.. ou
Je
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: Your pressure cap is a pressure-type
cap and must be tightly installed to prevent coolant
loss and possible enginedamage from overheating.
See “Capacities and Specifications” for more
information.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and a low
coolant warning light on your vehicle’s instrument panel.
See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-29
and Low Coolant Warning Light on page 3-30.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an c - drheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
he had!y damaged- The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
5-25
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant light, can
indicate a serious problem. See Low Coolant Warning
Light on page 3-30.
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant light, but see or hear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped,
pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for three minutes while you’re parked. If you still
have the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-26
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
9. Electric Engine Cooling Fan
5-27
The coolant level should
be at the FULL COLD
mark. If it isn’t, you may
have a leak at the pressure
cap or in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump or
somewhere in the
cooling system.
Heater and rac.,tor hoses, and other eng,,,e
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
5-28
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fan is running.
If the engine is overheating, the fan should be running.
If it isn’t, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by yourwarranty.
Notice: When adding coolant, it is important that
you use only DEX-COOL@ (siiicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL@ is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner
- at 30,000miles
(50 000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first.
Damage caused by the use of coolant other
than DEX-COOL@ is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
Notice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
Never turn the cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure
cap,
is hot. Wait for the cooling system and coolant
surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever
have to turn the pressurecap.
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at the FULL COLD mark,
add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL@ coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be
sure the cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22 for more information.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot c ling
system can blow out and burn you badly.
They are under pressure, and if you turn the
CAUTION:
(Continued)
I
5-29
Adding c 1 plainvl-_ertoyour coc l g
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
.some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you wouldn’t get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX COOL@ coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
5-30
You canbeburnet
,JU spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
~~~
~
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can
remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) about two or two and
one-half turns. If you hear a hiss, wait for that to
stop. This will allow any pressure still left to
be vented out the discharge hose.
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the hash mark on the label. Wait about
five minutes, then check to see if the level is
below the hash mark. If the level is below the hash
mark, add additional coolant to bring the level
up to the hash mark. Repeat this procedure until
the level remains constant at the hash mark
for at least five minutes.
5-31
4. With the coolant surge
tank pressure cap off,
start the engine
and let it run until you
can feel the upper
radiator hose getting
hot. Watch out for
the engine cooling fan
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower than
the FULL COLD mark, add more of the proper
mixture to the coolant surge tank until the
level reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5-32
5. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be sure
the pressure cap is
hand-tight and fully
seated. See your
dealer, if necessary.
Power Steering Fluid
A
A
P
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for reservoir location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located toward the
front of the engine compartment on the driver’s side
of the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
The level should be at the “C” mark. If necessary, add
only enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark.
What to Use
?c det,errmIr!e Inrh2t kind c??!L!id k!
see P,!? E:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-24.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
5-33
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that
has sufficient protection against freezing. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5- 12 for reservoir
location.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full.
5-34
Notice:
When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution tofreeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t
clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake tluid. See tngrne Compartment Uvervlew
on page 5- 12.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level
in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining viear. L*Jhen new linir;gs are put in, the flllid
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
h w r i r ~ u ~c lt ir ~
ctnm
’ * J -’ --.*-J--“”’
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-26.
5-35
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-24.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
With the wrong kind of fluid
... your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work all.
at This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
5-36
Notice:
0
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced.
Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle.
If you do, wash it off immediately.
See “Appearance Care” in the Index.
Brake
Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake padshave built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your
vehicle is moving (except when you are pushing on
the brake pedal firmly).
rThebrake v1 Ir warning sound eans that soon
your brakes won’t work well. Thatcould lead to
an accident. Whenyou hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costlv brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakesSee CalipedKnuckle Maintenance Inspection on
mae 6-23.
,
d
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly
wheel nuts in
- tighten
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the
rear brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each
time the tires are removed for rotation or chanaina.
When you have the front brake pads replaced, have the
rear brakes inspected, too.
“
V
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See Brake Svstem Inspection on page 6-23.
5-37
Brake Pedal Travel
Replacing Brake System Parts
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
The braking system on a vehicle is complex.Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-qualityGM brake parts.
When you replace partsof your braking system-for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in- be sure you get new approved
GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone putsin
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your frontand rear brakes can change
-for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
can change in many other ways
if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderate brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate
or heavier stop, then your brakes might not adjust
correctly. If you drive in that way, then - very
carefully - make a few moderate brake stops about
every 1,000 miles (1 600 km), so your brakes will
adjust properly.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal,
your rear drum brakes may need adjustment.
Adjust them by backing up and firmly applying the
brakes a few times.
5-38
Battery
Vehicle Storage
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco@ battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco@
battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for battery location.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” next for
tips on working around a battery without
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature (Non RDS Radios) on page 3-62 or
Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS Radios) on page 3-62.
5-39
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burn you.
They contain gas that can explode
or ignite.
They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pullingit
won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-40
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system
with a negative ground, both vehicles can be
damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
or -age 5-72 for more information on location.
sure the batter) ..as enough water.
You don’t need to add water to the ACDelco@
battery installed in your new vehicle. But if
a battery has filler caps, be sure the right
amount of fluid is there. If it is low, add water
to take care of that first.If you don’t, explosive
gas could be present.
I
-
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and toolsaway from
any underhood electric fan.
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
5-41
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect
the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal
on the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Remove the terminal
cover and connect the
red positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal
of the dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
7 . Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it to
the positive (+) terminalI
of the good battery.
Use a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
5-42
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to the
negative (-) terminal
of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (-1
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (-) cable
doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of
the negative (-) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm)
away from the dead
battery, but not near
engine parts that move.
The electrical connection
is just as good there,
and the chance of sparks
getting back to the
battery is much less.
IO. Now start the vehicle with the good battery ana
run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: Damage to your vehicle may result from
c!eckic2! s!?crtk?gif jw?per !x?!?!es2re remr\~md
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take care
that the cables don’t touch each other or any
other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
5-43
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
A
r
C
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-44
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the terminal cover to its original position.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the type of bulb to use, see Replacement Bulbs on
page 5-49.
To replace one of the headlamps, do the following:
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst ifyou drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured.Be sureto read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Remove the plastic fasteners from the shield. Use a
tool to pry up the center of the fastener. Be careful
--A
I IUL
A-
L Y e o l r +L- $ - n + e m e v e
tu U Ican
thn+ h A I A thn - h ; n I A
LI IG I a a L G I IGI a LI IUL
I IWIU
in
L I I G 31I I ~ I U I I I
place.
5-45
2. Remove the two bolts from the headlamp assembly.
Pull the headlamp assembly up and toward the
front of the vehicle to access the bulb assembly.
4. Disconnect the bulb
base from the socket
by lifting the plastic
locking tab.
5. Remove the black collar by turning it clockwise.
5-46
6. Remove the bulb by
pulling it straight out.
Front Turn Signal and Parking
Lamps
TO replace the turn signal and parking lamp, do the
following:
1. Follow Steps 1 and 2 under Headlamps on
page 5-45.
7. Snap a new bulb into the socket.
8. Reinstall the bulb assembly by reversing Steps 1
through 5.
3. Remove the bulb by pulling the bulb straight out.
4. Snap in a new bulb.
5. Reinstall the bulb assembly by reversing
Steps 1 and 2.
5-47
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps
I
3. To remove the bulb, pull it out of the assembly.
To replace a bulb, do the following:
1. Remove the fastener which holds down the trunk
trim. (On vehicles without a convenience net, pry
the fastener loose. On vehicles with a convenience
net, remove the net and unscrew the fastener.)
Then pull down the trunk trim.
2. Remove the taillamp bulb assembly by turning it
one-eighth of a turn counterclockwise.
5-48
4. Push in a new bulb.
5. Reverse Steps 1 and 2 to reinstall the taillamp
assembly.
Back-up Lamps
Replacement Bulbs
To replace a back-up lamp, do the following:
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
1. Open the trunk lid and locate the back-up lamp
assembly on the trunk lid.
2. Gently remove the bulb from the socket by turning it
counterclockwise and pulling it out.
3. Replace the bulb in the socket by aligning the tabs
and turning the bulb clockwise.
Lamps
Back-UD Lamps
Front Parkingnurn Signal Lamps
Halogen Headlamps,
High/Low Beam
Tailnurn Signal Lamps
I
Bulb Number
3057
3357K
9007
3057
5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Here’s how to remove the Shepherd’s Hook type:
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check under Part B: Owner Checks and Services on
page 6-78 for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see Capacities and Specifications on page 5-85.
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
2. Push the release lever and slide the wiper assembly
toward the driver’s side of the vehicle.
3. Install a new blade by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
5-50
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty bor%t for details.
Poorly maintained anG ,,nproperl, dsed tires
are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See "Loading Your
Vehicle" in the Index.
CAUTION:
Underinflated tires pose the same dan
r
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact - such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
(Continued)
5-51
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the rear
edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means
your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tireoverloading
Bad wear
Badhandling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation).
you can get the following:
Unusual wear
* Badhandling
0
Roughride
Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put thevalve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
5-52
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-54 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-57 for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See “Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services,” in Section 6, for scheduled
rotation intervals.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-85.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attachesto the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can usea cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirt off. See “Chanaina a
Flat Tire” in the Index.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
5-53
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1-6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
-
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge
or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-54
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service
on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
Mixing t,,s
could cause you to loseL.... 01
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires
on all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, it was developed
for use on your vehicle.See “Compact Spare
Tire” in the index.
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
!-&s-;=!y $:bs c R yc:r smkmc!e, +e
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
if ;.=E
p 2
5-55
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested undercontrolled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices
and differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-56
Traction - AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature - A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature
can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and
not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Wheel Replacement
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
5-57
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts or
wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
A CAUTIG. 1:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
5-58
Notices The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-60 for more
information.
Used R
cement Wheels
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s
been used
or how farit’s been driven.It could fail suddenly
If you have to replace a
and cause a crash.
wheel, use a newGM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
If yourvehiclc
P195/65. - - 5 or P205/55R16
size tires, don’t use tire chains, there’s not
enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause damage
to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains
could cause you to lose controlof your vehicle
and you or others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if
its manufacturer recommends it for use on
your vehicle and tire size combination and
road conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
nn
Im T m n w 8 .
bHU I I U I Y .
____
^I\
\LuIILIIIueu]
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
deviceif it’s contactingvehicle,and
clan’!
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that willfit,
Notice: If your vehicle has a tire size other than
P195/65R15 or P205/55R16 size tires, use tire chains
only where legal and only when you must. Use only
SAE Class “S” type chains thatare the proper size
for your tires. Install them on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues. slow down until
it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage your vehicle.
5-59
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
It's unusual for a tire to "blowout" while you're driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it's much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a "blowout", here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
ha rd warning flashers.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like
a skid and may require the same correction you'd use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may
be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer.
Gently brake to a stop - well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use
your jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-60
~
Changing a tire can cause an injury.The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured. Find a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transaxle shift lever in
PARK (P), or shift a manual transaxle to
FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won't
move, you can put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed. That would be the tire
on the other side of the vehicle,
at the
opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
1. Turn the center retainer nut on the compact spare
cover counterclockwise to remove it.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-61
3. Turn the wing bolt
counterclockwise and
remove it. Then lift
off the adapter
and remove the
compact spare tire.
2. Lift and remove the cover. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-70 for more information about the
compact spare tire.
5-62
4. Your vehicle’s jack and wheel wrench are stored in
a foam tray. Remove the jack and wheel wrench
from the trunk. Remove the band around the jack.
A
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
I
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
1. If your vehicle is equipped with wheel covers, use
the wheel wrench to begin loosening the plastic
r r r h n n l
““I
l””,
nmlt
I I U L
nqnp
”-ye.
nnon \ , n o s
h n r r n I m n ~ n n n r thn
l
V I I””
I
ywu
I U V ”
I W W Q U I IUU
L I I”
n1Q-t;-
y l u e L l u
wheel nut caps with the wheel wrench you can
finish loosening them with your fingers. Using the
flat end of the wheel wrench, pry along the edge of
the wheel cover until it comes off.
!f yOL!r VehiG!e hES a.!!Oy Whee!S, firs? remove ?he
decorative nut caps (if equipped) using the
wheel wrench.
5-63
2. Then use the wheel wrench to loosen all the wheel
nuts. Don’t remove them yet.
Position the jack and raise the jack head until it fits
firmly into the notch in the vehicle’s frame nearest
the flat tire. Put the cor--ct 1 Ire tire near you.
Getting under a vehicle whenit i - acked up is
off the jack you
dangerous. If the vehicle slips
could be badly injured or killed.
Never get under
a vehicle whenit is supported onlyby a jack.
3. Near each wheel well is a notch in the frame which
the jack head fits in. The front notch is 9 inches
(23 cm) back from the front wheel well. The rear
notch is 8 inches (20 cm) forward from the rear
wheel well. As is shown in the diagram above,
if your vehicle has flared side moldings, both front
and rear notches are 18 inches (46 cm) from
the wheel wells.
5-64
Raising ,mr vehic,, with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
6. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
4. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the compact
spare tire to fit underneath the wheel well.
5. Remove all of the wheel nuts.
Rust or dirt on thewheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time.The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirtoff.
5-65
IIGver use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
7. Place the compact spare tire on the wheel-mounting
surface.
8. Reinstall the wheel nuts
with the rounded end
of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
5-66
9. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
IO. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor
damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque
specification. See “Capacities and Specifications” in
the index for the wheel
nut torque specification.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Notice: Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on your
compact spare, you could damage the cover or
the spare.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the m t s tightened iivith a torque weitch to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut
torque specification.
5-67
Storing +he Flat Tire and Tools
H
-G
B
I
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Wrench
Jack
Flat Road Tire
Adapter
Extension
F. Wing Bolt
(Extension Installed)
G. Cover
H. Nut
Store the flat tire in the compact spare tire compartment
and secure the adapter, extension (aluminum wheel
only) and wing bolt. Store the jack and wheel wrench in
the foam tray.
5-68
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
-7
Storing a jack, a tire, c . Jther equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire
as soon as you can. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-70. See the storage instructions label to replace
your compact spare tire into your trunk properly.
A. Wrench
B.Jack
C. Compact Spare Tire
E. 4.drpnr
E. Wing Bolt
F. Cover
G. Nut
5-69
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size
tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course,
it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good
shape in case you need it again.
5-70
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails. That can damage the tire andwheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire
and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous.
Some are toxic. Otherscan burst into flames if you
strike a match or get themon a hot part of the vehicle.
Some are dangerousif you breathe their fumes in a
closed space. When you use
anything from a container to
clean your vehicle, be sure
to follow the manufacturer’s
warnings and instructions. And always open your doors
or windows when you’recleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
@
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Naphtha
FaZsrie/Carpei
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Acetone
PaintThinner
Turpentine
LacquerThinner
0
Alcohol
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Gasoline
0
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
on page 5-78.
Nail PolishRemover
They can all be hazardous - some more than
others - and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-71
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can - before
they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a watedbaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-72
Vinyl
Glass Surfaces
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-78.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
e
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through
the windshield under certain conditions.
Nofices Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass,
because they may cause scratches. Avoid placing
decals on the inside rear window, since they may
have to be scrapedoff later. If abrasive cleaners
are used on the inside
of the rear window,
an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached
across the defogger grid.
Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
S U I ~ X fkti5i-t.
5-73
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Keep belts clean and dry.
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Part D: Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-24.
5-74
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle
well, removing all soap residue completely. You can
get GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-78. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-78.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may
dull the finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners
that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
5-75
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Your vehicle may be equipped with either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes.
These brushes can also damage the surface of
these wheels.
5-76
Finish Damage
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: When applying a tire dressing, always take
care to wipe off any overspray or splash from all
painted surfaces on the body or wheels of the
vehicle. Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in thefinish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
tnaterials avaliable from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbodv with plain water. Clean anv areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
5-77
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can createa
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can
take two forms; blotchy, ringlet-shaped discolorations,
and small irregular dark spotsetched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
I
I
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
~~
Tar and Road
asphalt.
Oil Remover
and
I
5-7%
Description
Removes tar, road oil
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
GlassCleaner
I
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and finaerwints.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
GM Vehicle CarelAppearance Materials
(cont’d)
~~~
I
Description
Usage
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants, Spray on
wipe off.
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and
other light surface
contamination.
Cleaner Wax
Foaming Tire Shine
I nw Clncc
I --.. -..---
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wlplng necessary.
Description
Usage
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
fabrics, vinyl, leather
and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on Daae 6-24.
5-79
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You’ll find this label on your spare tire cover. It’s very
helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
0
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
II11111111
4MPLE4UX1M072675
rn
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN
also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service
Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
5-80
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-on Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipmentcan damage your vehicle
and thedamage wouldn’t be covered byyour
warranty. Some add-onelectrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your AirBag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-60.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring isprotected by fuses. Should your
headlamps fail to function, have your headlamp system
checked right away.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
!f t h nver!mri
~
is c a ~ s e r by
l some electrical problem,
have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other
Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly reduces the
chance of damage caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the
same amperage. Jusi pick some ieaiure ui your v e i k i e
that you can get along without - like the radio or
cigarette lighter - and use its fuse if it is the correct
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the instrument
pane! fuse b!OCk and the engine compartment k!se block;
5-81
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
TURN-B/U
ERLS
BCM/CLU
PCM
IGN MDL
FIP-INJ
AIR BG
CRUISE
ABS
APO
RFA
CLSTR
MIR/DLC
LT HDLP RDO/INTLP RT HDLF
EXT
CIG LP
FOG
HORN
~~~
STOP/HZD
RR DEFOG PWR ACC
\
7
Fuses
The instrument panel fuse block is located on the driver’s
side of the instrument panel. To open, push the tab on
the access door to the left and pullthe door forward.
Make sure to insert the tabs when replacing the cover
BG
5-82
TURN-B/U
ERLS
BCM/CLU
I PCM
1
IGN MDL
F/P-INJ
AIR
Baa
r l0
RELAYER
Usage
Turn Signals, Back-up Lamps
Engine Relays
Body Control Module, Instrument
Panel Cluster
I Powertrain Control Module
Ignition Module
Fuel Puma Fuel lniectors
IAir
I
J
I
I
Fuses
I CRUISE
I
Usaue
I Cruise Control Module/Switch
I
I
Blank
Blank
Not Used
Not Used
Blank
Blank
Blank
0 2 HTR
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Oxvaen Sensor Heater
5-83
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment fuse block is located on the
driver's side of the vehicle. Lift off the cover to check
the fuses. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
Fuses
IGN
BATT 1
BATT 2
ABS
COOLING FAN
PCM/HVAC
CRNK
BLO
PCM
A/C
A/C
FUEL PUMP
CRNK
COOLING/FAN
HEATER
BLOWER
5-84
Usage
Ignition Switch Circuits
Exterior Lamps, Power Outlet,
Horn, Audio Amplifier
Rear Defogger, Starter,
Power Locks, Stoplamp
Anti-Lock Brake System
Engine Cooling Fan
Powertrain Control Module,
Heater and N C Blower
Starter
Heater and A/C Blower
Powertrain Control Module
A/C Compressor
N C Compressor
Fuel Pump
Starter
Engine Cooling Fan
Heater and A/C Blower
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Part D:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-24 for more information.
Application
Engine Specifications
5-85
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
~~
Number
Part
Engine Air CleanedFilter
A I 172C*
Engine Oil Filter
PF2244G*
Spark Plugs
I
41 -981*
Winshield Wiper Blade (Shepherd’s Hook TvDe)
Driver’s Side
22 inches (56 cm)
Passenger’s Side
17 inches (43 cm)
*ACDelco@ part number
5-86
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ...................................... 6.2
Introduction ................................................... 6.2
Your Vehicle and the Environment .................... 6-2
Maintenance Requirements .............................. 6-2
How This Section is Organized ......................... 6-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services ...........6-4
Using Your Maintenance Schedule .................... 6-4
Selecting the Right Schedule ....................... 6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . . . . . .6-6
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance ......6-13
Part B: Owner Checks and Services ................6-18
At Each Fuel Fill .......................................... 6-18
At Least Once a Month ................................. 6-18
At Least Twice a Year ................................... 6.18
At Least Once a Year ................................... 6-19
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections .........6-22
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection ............................ 6-22
Exhaust System Inspection ............................ 6-22
Fuel System Inspection ................................. -6-22
Engine Cooling System Inspection ................... 6.22
Throttle System Inspection ............................ -6-22
Brake System Inspection ................................ 6.23
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection ...........6.23
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ......6.24
Part E: Maintenance Record ........................... 6.26
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
I
I
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINEOIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVELANDCHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
I
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can
even affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper
fluid levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase
the level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect
our environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure
to follow recommended maintenance may not be
covered by warranty.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
6-2
How This Section is Organized
If you want to get the service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-I 1.
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what
you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you
should let your dealer’s service department or another
qualified service center do these jobs.
“Part C : Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help
keep your vehicle properly maintained. These products,
or their equivalents, should be used whether you do
the work yourself or have it done.
Performing main.,.ran,,
work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
have a qualified technician do the work.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you to
record and keep track of the maintenance performed on
your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts. They
may be needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty
repairs.
I
6-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
In this part are scheduled maintenance services which
are to be performed at the mileage intervals specified.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. But we don’t know exactly how
you’ll drive it. You may drive short distances only a few
times a week. Or you may drive long distances all
the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to
work, to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of the different ways people use their vehicles,
maintenance needs may vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your dealer.
6-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them.
When you go to your dealer for your service needs,
you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service
people will perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part
D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these.
All parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs
done before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-34.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
driving limits.
legal
use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
Selecting the Right Schedule
Short TriplCity Intervals
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Every 3,000Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Short TripKity Definition
Follow the Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance if any
one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling, such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of your vehicle. With some models, you should
never tow a trailer. See Towing a Trailer (Automatic
Transaxle) on page 4-36 or Towing a Trailer
(Manual Transaxle) on paqe 4-42.
If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police,
taxi or other commercial application.
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Chassis Lubrication (or
6 months, whichever occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
Every 30,000Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150 000 Miles (240000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs
first). Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection.
These i!-!!e,n/2!s%?!y s!”~,Tm.r.ko
.T2k?k?,r!2!?ceSc?.!?.~~CPlC.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if
you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions
is fnat these conditions cause engine oii io break
down sooner.
6-5
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this scheduled maintenance only if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance are true. Do not use this schedule if the
vehicle is used for trailer towing, driven in a dusty area
or used off paved roads. Use the Short Trip/City
schedule for these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under
highway conditions will cause engine oil to break down
slower.
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). Chassis Lubrication (or 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Tire Rotation.
Every 30,000 Miles (50000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
6-6
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs
first). Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
Short TripKity Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(1 66000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of this
vehicle.
See Part 6: Owner Checks and Services on page 6-18
and Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections on
page 6-22.
Footnotes
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
t
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty orlimit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
#Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage and the
transaxle shift linkage.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See Brake System Inspection on page 6-23.
++If you drive in a highly corrosive environment,
your brake calipers may require additional inspection
and service, at every other tire rotation. See
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection on page 6-23.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
6,000 Miles (IO 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
12,000 Miles (20000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
6-7
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
27,000 Miles (45000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote t.,’
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
18,000 Miles (30000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
21,000 Miles (35000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
30,000 Miles (50000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
24,000 Miles (40.000
km)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months.
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
6-8
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
42,000 Miles (70000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
U Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
45,000 Miles (75000 km)
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
Manual transaxle fluid doesn’t require change.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote t.)
51,000 Miles (85000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
54-0130 Miles (90 000 km)
J
-
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 9etate tires. See ?ire !nspecf!’onand !?c?ktim on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +,) (Also see footnote ++.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
Q Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire !nspectint? and !?nt;7t!’nnon
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
6-9
57,000Miles (95 000 km)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service,
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++. )
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
6-10
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote#.)
LI Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
75,000 Miles (125000 km)
84,000 Miles (140000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote t.)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
U Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Cnntrnl .Service
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
6-1 1
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
Manual transaxle fluid doesn’t require changing.
150,000 Miles (240000 km)
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
60 months since last service, whichever occurs first).
See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure
cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission
Control Service.
6-12
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of this
vehicle.
your brake calipers may require additional inspection
and service at every other tire rotation. See
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection on page 6-23.
See Part B: Owner Checks and Services on page 6-16
and Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections on
page 6-22.
Footnotes
t The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform thismaintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle's useful life. We, however,
n a ..
t h,-.
g t 3 1 1 ,rnmmmanrjnd
c p r y.i-r p
.rAr, ry'
".,-. ,,. . ., .--- maintnnanrp
, . .-.. .--.
- cperformed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
U..
rotation. See Brake System Inspection on page 6-23.
++ If you drive in a highly corrosive environment,
7,500Miles (12 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
.
I
.
.I_
.
I-.
#Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage and the
transaxle shift linkage.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
il Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +,) (Also see footnote ++.)
6-13
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
ZI Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
CI Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
45,000Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months.
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
6-14
50,000 Miles (83000 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
Manual transaxle fluid doesn’t require change.
52,500Miles (87 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
wilicilever
UCCUIS
iirsij.
F...
’
n - - * . - I
r r r / / S s r u / /MJIIIIUI
Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
tl Replace engine air cleaner filter.An Emission Control
Service.
67,500 Miles (I12500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
;mfnvmOtinn
II l l W l I 1 lUllWl I.
/ C n n fnntnrrtn
( V V V
tww,,
’ “ L V
r
I
\
./I
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
6-15
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
Cl Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.) (Also see footnote ++.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
6-16
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). (See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-53 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
150,000 Miles (240000 km)
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
tl Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
60 months since last service, whichever occurs first).
See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure
cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service.
P Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission
Control Service.
If you do not use your vehicIe under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
Manual transaxle fluid doesn’t require change.
6-17
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
At Least Once a Month
Listed in this part are owner checks and services
which should be performed at the intervals specified to
help ensure the safety, dependability and emission
control performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
Tire Inflation Check
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-74 for further
details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-22 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary. See
Windshield Washer fluid on page 5-34 for further details.
6-18
Make sure tries are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don't forget to check your spare tire. See Tires on
page 5-57 for further details.
Cassette Tape Player Service
Clean cassette tape player. Cleaning should be done
every 50 hours of tape play. See Audio System(s)
on page 3-36 for further details.
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
, /
I
'
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag
system does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Hydraulic Clutch System Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace
blade inserts that appear worn or damaged orthat
streak or miss areas of the windshield. Also see
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-74.
Check the fluid level in the clutch reservoir. See
Hydraulic Clutch on page 5-21. A fluid loss in this
system could indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired at once.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-24.
Manual Transaxle Check
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
Check for leaks. A fluid leak is the only reason for fluid
loss. Have the system inspected and repaired if
needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all hood latch assemblies, secondary latch,
pivots, spring anchor, release pawl, hood and body door
hinges, rear compartment and any folding seat
hardware. Part D tells you what to use. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to a corrosive
environmenr.
Automatic Transaxle Inspection
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level. A
transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
Check for leaks. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to your
dealer and have it repaired as soon as possible.
6-19
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
Syste- Check
Starter Switch Check
I
When you are doing this check, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If it does, you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps below.
I
1
hen you are doing this check, -.levehicle
could move suddenly. If it does, you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps below.
I
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-27 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. On automatic transaxle vehicles, try to start the
engine in each gear. The starter should work
only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starter
works in any other position, your vehicle needs
service.
On manual transaxle vehicles, put the shift lever in
NEUTRAL (N), push the clutch down halfway and try
to start the engine. The starter should work only
when the clutch is pushed down all the way to the
floor. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t pushed
all the way down, your vehicle needs service.
6-20
I
I
1 . Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-27 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3 . With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
With an automatic transaxle, the key should turn to
LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
With a manual transaxle, the key should turn to
LOCK only when you press the key release
button.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
On all vehicles, the key should come out only in LOCK.
Turn the steering wheel to the left and to the right. It
should only lock when turned to the right.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
0
0
~
- ..
wnen you are aoinc nis cneck, your 1 licie
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
I
To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL
(N),slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
-,____
-..- I _ _ $,I1 ^...^ I^,. +LI I I ~I IIe~eabeLI IE E J ~~ I I~y
I U Iane IUIIVVVGU
uy 11 IG
T I . .
~
L L -
_^___I_:
I
-J
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
CAUTION: (Continued)
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
cwmsive materisls f r m ?he u ~ d e r b ~ dTake
y . care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-21
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service deparfment or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-1 1.
Steering, Suspension and Front
Drive Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
6-22
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-31.
Fuel System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser.
To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test of
the cooling system and pressure cap is recommended
at least once a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts
as needed. Replace any components that have high
effort or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator
and cruise control cables.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance
Inspection
If you operate your vehicle in a highly corrosive
environment, as indicated by the shaded areas on the
map following this text, your vehicle may require
additional brake service. Refer to the appropriate GM
service bulletin for the proper caliper inspection
procedure. As necessary, caliper pins and knuckle
brake pad abutments should be lubricated at every other
tire rotation. Also, see your GM dealer’s service
department or qualified service center for additional
information.
6-23
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
I
Usage
I
Fluid/Lubricant
I50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
I
I Coolant on page 5-22.
I
I
Hydraulic BrakeDelcoSupreme
11 Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Power
System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM Part
No. U.S. 1052884, in Canada
993294, or equivalent).
Manual
DEXRON@
Transaxle
-111 Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
~~
Automatic
DEXRONB
-111 Automatic
Transaxle
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Mulit-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. US. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474, or equivalent).
Manual
Transaxle Shift
Linkage
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
U.S. 12377985, in Canada
88901242, or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGl #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Clutch Linkage
Pivot Points
Engine oil.
~~
Windshield
GM Optikleen@ Washer Solvent or
Washer Solvent equivalent.
6-24
Hydraulic
Clutch System
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part No.
U.S. 12345347, in Canada
10953517, or equivalent DOT-3
brake fluid).
~~~~
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To determine
the preferred viscosity for your
vehicle’s engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5- 14.
Engine Oil
I
Fluid/Lubricant
Usage
Chassis
Lubrication
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
I
Fluid/Lubricant
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
U.S. 12377985, in Canada
88901242, or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGl #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (GM
Part No. U.S. 12346293, in Canada
992723, or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGl #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
1
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hood and Door
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part
No. U.S. 12345579, in Canada
10953014, or equivalent).
6-25
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service and
any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
6-26
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
6-27
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
6-28
7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance Information ...................... 7.2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ...................... 7.2
Online Owner Center ...................................... 7.3
Customer
Assistance
for
Text Telephone
(TTY) Users ............................................... 7.4
Customer Assistance Offices .............. , ..........7.4
GM Mobility Program
Persons
for
with
Disabilities ....................................
.......7-5
Roadside
Assistance
Program
............
.......7.6
Courtesy Transportation ................................... 7.7
ReportingSafetyDefects
................................ 7.10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ............................................. -7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government .............................................. 7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to GeneralMotors .....7-10
Service Publications Ordering Information ......... 7-11
7-1
Customer Assistance
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
7-2
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
Dealership nameand location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to
your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information
booklet for information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle
repairs or the interpretation of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Although you may be required to
resort to this informal dispute resolution program prior to
filing a court action, use of the program is free of
charge and your case will generally be heard within
40 days. If you do not agree with the decision given in
your case, you may reject it and proceed with any other
venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center at MyGMLink is a resource for your
GM ownership needs. You can find your specific
vehicle information all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
Get e-mail service reminders.
0
0
Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual.
Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Refer to the web for updated information.
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
To register your vehicle visit www.MyGMLink.com.
This prqr2m is ~.\.m.ila.hle
in 311 50 states
0
Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to MyGMLink members.
and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438). (TTY
users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Off ices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U S .customer wishes
to write to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to
Chevrolet’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-51 70
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA8 (243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1 -800-263-7854(French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-4
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean IslandsKountries (Except
Puerto Wico and U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 01 1-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to
$1,000 toward aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your
vehicle (hand controls,
wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobilitv Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. All TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Roadside Assistance Program
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 2003 Chevrolet, membership
in Roadside Assistance is free.
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA
(243-8872). This toll-free number will provide you
over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor
mechanical problems. If your problem cannot be
resolved over the phone, our advisors have access to a
nationwide network of dealer recommended service
providers. Roadside membership is free; however some
services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy Care:
Roadside Basic Care provides:
Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872),
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438
Free towing for warranty repairs
0
Basic over-the-phone technical advice
Available dealer services at reasonable costs (i.e.,
wrecker services, locksmith/key service, glass
repair, etc.)
7-6
Roadside Courtesy Care provides:
Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined
previously)
Plus:
FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Chevrolet offers Courtesy Transportation for customers
needing warranty service. Courtesy Transportation
will be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided
by the Bumper-to-Bumper New Vehicle Limited
Warranty to eligible purchasers of 2003 Chevrolet
passenger cars and light duty trucks. (See your selling
dealer for details.)
Courtesy Care is available to retail and retail lease
customers operating 2003 and newer Chevrolet vehicles
for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km),
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services must
be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
service management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or included
in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to modify or
discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Care at any time.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that
will provide you with quality and priority service.
When roadside services are required, our advisors will
explain any payment obligations that may be incurred
for utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor;
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License plate number
0
Vehiclecolor
Vehicle location
0
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value in
its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required.
This will reduce your inconvenience during warranty
repairs.
Plan Ahead When Psssible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
!f p ! r vp!’!ic!t? ca.nnnt he qchprJl.rlprJinto the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as eariy in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
7-7
Transportation Options
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances.
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for a
rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to a
maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts. This
requires that you sign and complete a rental agreement
and meet state, local and rental vehicle provider
requirements. Requirements vary and may include
minimum age requirements, insurance coverage, credit
card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage charges
and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond
the completion of the repair.
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way shuttle ride to a destination up to 10 miles from
the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five day maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
7-8
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A
separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
7-9
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A ON5
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical sewice information
needed to knowledgeably sewice General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
7-11
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM Eastern
Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-Mastercard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
7-12
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. 0.Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
A
Accessory Power Outlets .............................
AddingWasher Fluid .......................................
AdditionalProgram Information ...........................
Additives, Fuel .................................................
Add-on Electrical Equipment ............................
Adjusting the Speakers
3-39, 3-43,
(Balance/Fade) ............................
Air Bag
ReadinessLight ..........................................
Air Bag Systems .............................................
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? ....................
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........
WhatMakesan Air Bag Inflate? ....................
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ......
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ...................
Where Are the Air Bags? ..............................
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine .................................
All Overseas Locations ......................................
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ..................
AM ...............................................................
/ \ \ A C A A Dqrlin
.................................................
Antenna,FixedMast .......................................
Antenna, XMTM SatelliteRadio Antenna System .....
Anti-lockBrakeSystem(ABS)
............................
Anti-LockBrake,SystemWarningLight
..............
I \I",
I
I",
I I'UUIW
3-16
5-34
7-9
5-6
5-81
3-53
3-24
1-51
1-58
1-60
1-57
1-58
1-57
1-54
5-18
7-5
5-76
3-63
3-9
3-65
3-65
4-6
3-27
Appearance Care ............................................
5-71
Care of Safety Belts ....................................
5-74
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-78
Cleaning the Inside ofYour Vehicle ................ 5-71
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-74
5-77
Finish Damage ............................................
GM Vehicle CarelAppearance Materials .......... 5-78
5-77
Sheet Metal Damage ...................................
5-77
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-74
2-16
Arming the System .........................................
3-16
Ashtrays ........................................................
Audio System(s) .............................................
3-36
AM-FM Radio .......................................... 3-37
Care ofYour Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-63
3-64
Care ofYour CD Player ...............................
Care ofYour CDs ........................................ 3-64
3-65
Chime Level Adjustment ...............................
Fixed Mast Antenna .....................................
3-65
3-62
Personal Choice Radio Controls ....................
Radio with Cassette and CD .........................
3-50
Radio withCD ............................................
3-40
Cntt;nn thn Timn fnr D q A i n P r ~ r ; + h R q A i n n
Q
+
Q
ly
,
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-36
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................
3-36
Theft-Deterrent Feature ...
................. 3-62
U b L L I I
L I 1 b
IIlIb
I",
I L U U l W "
""I,,,
I
IUUIV
Y
U
L
U
1
Audio System(s) (cont.)
UnderstandingRadio Reception .....................
XMTMSatellite RadioAntennaSystem ............
Automatic Transaxle ........................................
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
Automatic Transaxle Inspection .........................
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control System
Check ........................................................
3-63
3-65
2-20
5-20
2-23
6-19
....... 5-45
Bulb Replacement ....................
Back-up Lamps .................................... ....... 5-49
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ............. 5-47
Halogen Bulbs ..................................... ....... 5-45
Headlamps .......................................... ....... 5-45
Replacement Bulbs ............................... ....... 5-49
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps .................. 5-48
BuyingNew Tires .................................... ....... 5-55
6-20
C
Backing Up ....................................................
Battery ..........................................................
Battery Replacement .........................................
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................
Before Leaving on a LongTrip .........................
Body Lubrication Service ..................................
Brake
Parking ......................................................
System Inspection .......................................
System Warning Light ..................................
Brake Fluid ....................................................
BrakeWear ...................................................
Brakes ..........................................................
Braking ...........................................................
Braking in Emergencies .....................................
Break-In, NewVehicle .....................................
2
4-40
5-39
2-6
3-15
4-21
6-19
2-27
6-23
3-26
5-35
5-37
5-35
4-6
4-8
2-18
California Fuel ..................................................
5-6
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection ............. 6-23
Canada ...........................................................
7-4
CanadianOwners ................................................
ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ...........................
7-7
Canceling the Rear Door Security Lock .............. 2-10
Capacities and Specifications ............................
5-85
2-11. 2-31
Carbon Monoxide ........... 4.24.4.36.4.42.
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-74
Your Cassette Tape Player ............................
3-63
Your CD Player ........................................... 3-64
Your CDs ...................................................
3-64
Cassette Tape Messages .................................
3-59
Cassette Tape Player Service ...........................
6-18
CDAdapter Kits ............................................. 3-60
Center Console Storage Area ...........................
2-38
Chains. Tires ..................................................
ChargingSystemLight
....................................
Check
............
Engine Light ................
GagesWarningLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Engine Light .....................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ...............................
Infantsand Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCHSystem) ..........................
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
....................................
LATCH
System
Securing
a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
..
Posltlon ..................................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
I?-- c n - - . + . - deat I w a 1 u u I I ...........................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Where to Put the Restraint ...........................
Chime Level Adjustment ..................................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
5-59
3-25
3-30
3-34
3-30
5-23
5-14
5-10
1-61
5-78
1-37
1-34
1-43
1-31
1-45
1-45
i A 0
I
-'tu
1-41
1-42
1-40
3-65
3-16
Cleaning
Inside ofYour Vehicle ..................................
5-71
Outside of YourVehicle ................................
5-74
UnderbodyMaintenance ...............................
5-77
Weatherstrips ..............................................
5-74
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .......................
5-75
Climate Control System ...................................
3-17
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-20
Clutch, Hydraulic .............................................
5-21
Compact Disc Messages ..........................
3-49, 3-61
CompactSpareTire ........................................ 5-70
Content Theft-Deferrent .................................... 2-16
Control of a Vehicle ..........................................
4-5
ConvenienceNet ............................................ 2-38
Coolant
EngineTemperatureGage ............................
3-29
Heater,Engine ............................................
2-22
Low Warning Light .......................................
3-30
Surge Tank Pressure Cap .............................
5-24
5-27
Cooling System ..............................................
Cruise Control ..................................................
3-8
Cupholder(s) ..................................................
2-38
P. .
--A
D-- + nn,A,
I nFA, . c
,,,,
................ 7 1 2
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ..................................
7-7
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users .............................................. 7-4
4
U U I IGlll
UllU
I
U J L
IVIUU.=l
WIUGI
I u 1 1 1 1 3
3
Customer Assistance Information (cont.)
Customer Assistance Offices ...........................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure .....................
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .......
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ............................................
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ............................................
Roadside Assistance Program .........................
Service Publications Ordering Information ........
7-4
7-2
7-5
7-10
7-10
7-10
7-6
7-1 1
D
Daytime Running Lamps ..................................
Defensive Driving .............................................
Defogging and Defrosting .................................
Dinghy Towing ................................................
Disarming the System .....................................
Doing Your Own Service Work ...........................
Dolly Towing .........................
..................
Door
Locks ..........................................................
Power Door Locks .........................................
Rear Door Security Locks ...............................
Driver
Position, Safety Belt .....................................
4
3-13
4-2
3-18
4-32
2-16
5-4
4-33
2-8
2-9
2-9
1-14
Driving
At Night .....................................................
City ...........................................................
Defensive .....................................................
Drunken .......................................................
Freeway .....................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ..............................
In Rain and on WetRoads ...........................
Winter ........................................................
Driving on Grades ...........................................
Driving on Snow or Ice
....................................
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ...............
Driving Through Flowing Water .........................
Driving with a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15
4-19
4-2
4-2
4-20
4-22
4-16
4-24
4-41
4-25
4-18
4-18
4-39
E
EasyEntrySeat ...........................................
Electrical System
Add-on Equipment ......................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
Headlamp Wiring .........................................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Windshield WiperFuses ...............................
Emergency Trunk Release Handle .....................
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs .................................
1-7
5-81
5-81
5-81
5-81
5-81
2-13
3-32
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-18
5-39
Battery .......................................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-30
Coolant ......................................................
5-22
2-22
Coolant Heater ............................................
CoolantTemperatureGage ........................... 3-29
Cooling System Inspection ............................
6-22
5-12
Engine Compartment Overview ......................
Exhaust .....................................................
2-31
Oil ............................................................. 5-14
Overheating ................................................
5-25
Starting ......................................................
2-20
EngineCompartmentFuse Block ...................... 5-84
Engine Coolant Level Check .............................
6-18
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing .................. 4-42
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-17
EngineOilLevelCheck
...................................
6-18
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) ........................ 4-8
ActiveLight ................................................
3-29
WarningLight .............................................
3-28
3-15
Entry Lighting .................................................
I- ,,.-----n -...- \ A I . - & ...
<c
L A ~ I G 3 3 - U U V V II V V l l I U U V V ....................................
Extender,SafetyBelt .......................................
1-30
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-12
r)
L- I J
F
....
FabridCarpet .......... ........ ............
Filter
Engine
Air
Cleaner
..........................
....
Finding a PTY Station
(RDS and XMTM).................................
3-44,
3-37, 3-42,
Finding a Station ............................
Finish Care ....................................................
Finish Damage ...............................................
Five-Speed ....................................................
Fixed MastAntenna ........................................
Flash-to-Pass ...................................................
Flat Tire ........................................................
Flat Tire, Changing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..........
....................
Manual Transaxle ........................................
Power Steering ...........................................
Windshield Washer ......................................
FM Stereo .....................................................
FogLamps ....................................................
!=:!ding !he Se2th2:Sk ........................................
Following Distance ..........................................
Footnotes ................................................ 6-7,
ForwardGears ...............................................
Front ReadingLamps ......................................
5-71
5-18
3-54
3-52
5-75
5-77
2-26
3-65
3-6
5-60
5-60
5-20
5-20
5-33
5-34
3-63
3-14
:-3
4-40
6-13
2-25
3-15
5
Fuel ...........................................
......... 5-5
Additives ......................................
..... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-6
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................
5-9
Filling YourTank ...........................................
5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries ..............................
5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-35
5-5
Gasoline Octane .............'. .............................
Gasoline Specifications ..................................
5-5
System Inspection .......................................
6-22
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
5-81
Windshield Wiper .........................................
5-81
G
Gage
Check GagesWarning Light .... , . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine CoolantTemperature .........................
Fuel ..........................................................
Speedometer ..............................................
Tachometer .............................................
Gasoline
Octane ................................................
Specifications ...............................................
Glass Surfaces ...............................................
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ....................................................
6
3-34
3-29
3-35
3-23
3-23
5-5
5-5
5-73
7-5
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................. .. 3-3
Head Restraints ............................................. .. 1-5
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .................. .. 3-6
Headlamp Wiring ........................................... . 5-81
Headlamps ................................................... . 5-45
Bulb Replacement ...................................... . 5-45
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ............ . 5-47
Halogen Bulbs ........................................... . 5-45
Highway Hypnosis .......................................... . 4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................. . 4-22
Hitches ......................................................... . 4-39
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................... . 5-10
Release .................................................... . 5-10
Horn ............................................................. .. 3-4
How the System Alarm is Activated ................... 2-16
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank ................................................. 5-29
How to Check ................................................ 5-52
How to Check and Add Fluid ............................
5-21
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
.................. 5-33
How to Detect a Tamper Condition .................... 2-17
How to Turn Off the System Alarm ....................
2-17
How to Use This Manual ......................................
ii
How to Wear Safety BeltsProperly ................... 1-14
Hydraulic Clutch .............................................
5-21
Hydraulic Clutch SystemCheck ........................
6-19
Hydroplaning ..................................................
4-18
I
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine ................................................
5-26
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-25
If the Light Is Flashing .....................................
3-31
IftheLight Is On Steady .................................
3-32
IfYou Are Stuck in Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow ....... 4-29
IfYouDo Decide To Pull A Trailer ..................... 4-37
If You're Caught in a Blizzard ...........................
4-27
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-18
6-21
Ignition Transaxle LockCheck ..........................
Infants and Young Children. Restraints ............... 1-34
Inflation - Tire Pressure ...................................
5-52
Inspection
6-23
BrakeSystem .............................................
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance ......................... 6-23
Engine Cooling System ................................
6-22
6-22
ExhaustSystem ..........................................
Fuel System ............................................... 6-22
Part C - Periodic Maintenance .......................
6-22
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Dm-+
Cn-1
c
qcl
v
U U U L
.........................................
....... 6-22
Throttle System .................
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-22
Overview .....................................
......... 3-2
UIIU
UGUI
LL
Instrument Panel Brightness .............................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ............................
Interior Lamps ................................................
Interior Plastic Components ..............................
3-14
5-82
3-14
5-73
J
Jump Starting ..........
.... 5-40
..
K
Key Lock Cylinders Service .............................. 6-19
KeyRelease Button (Manual Transaxle) ............. 2-20
Keyless Entry System .......................................
2-3
.......... 2-2
Keys ......................................... ,
1
Lamps
Exterior ...............
Interior ....................
LampsOnReminder ....
Lap-Shoulder Belt ....
................ 3-12
................ 3-14
....................
3-12
............
1.15. 1-24
LATCHSystem
Child Restraints .......................................
1-43
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
1-45
LATCHSystem ....................................
Latches, Seatback ...................................... ..... . 1-6
Leaving Your Vehicle ...................................
2-10
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ..
2-29
Light
3-24
Air Bag Readiness ...................................
Anti-Lock BrakeSystemWarning ............... 3-27
3-26
BrakeSystemWarning .............................
ChargingSystem .....................................
3-25
CheckGagesWarning
.............................
3-34
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
3-29
Active Light .........................................
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) Warning
Light ..................................................
3-28
Low Coolant Warning ................................... 3-30
3-30
Malfunction Indicator ................ ....................
Oil Pressure ........................... ....................
3-33
3-34
PasslockOWarning .................. ....................
3-24
Safety Belt Reminder ............... ....................
3-35
Service VehicleSoon ............... ....................
3-26
Up-Shift ................................. ....................
Loading Your Vehicle ................... .................... 4-34
Lockout Protection ...................... ....................
2-10
8
Locks
Door ...........................................................
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................
Lockout Protection .......................................
Power Door ..................................................
Rear Door Security Locks ...............................
Long Trip/Highway Definition ..............................
Long Trip/Highway Intervals ...............................
Long Trip/Highway ScheduledMaintenance ........
Loss of Control ...............................................
Low Coolant WarningLight ..............................
2-8
2-10
2-10
2-9
2-9
6-6
6-6
6-13
4-14
3-30
M
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts ............ 5-86
MaintenanceSchedule
AtEach Fuel Fill .........................................
6-18
At Least Once a Month ................................
6-18
At Least Once a Year ..................................
6-19
At Least Twice a Year ..................................
6-18
BrakeSystem Inspection ..............................
6-23
Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection .......... 6-23
Engine Cooling System Inspection ................. 6-22
ExhaustSystem Inspection ...........................
6-22
Fuel System Inspection ................................
6-22
How This Section isOrganized .......................
6-3
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Introduction ..................................................
6-2
Long Trip/Highway ScheduledMaintenance ....... 6-13
MaintenanceRequirements .............................
6-2
Part A - Scheduled Maintenance Services ......... 6-4
Part B - Owner Checks and Services ............. 6-18
Part C . Periodic Maintenance Inspections ...... 6-22
Part D . Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants .........................................
6-24
Part E . Maintenance Record ........................
6-26
SelectingtheRightSchedule
..........................
6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ............. 6-6
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection ......................
6-22
... 6-22
Throttle
System
Inspection ..........
Using
Your
...................................
..... 6-4
Your Vehicle
and
the
Environment ...
..... 6-2
4-42
Maintenance When Trailer Towing .....................
Making Turns .................................................
4-40
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................
3-30
Manual Seats ...................................................
1-2
Manual Transaxle ............................................
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
Manual Transaxle Check ..................................
Manual Windows .........
....
........
Map Lamps ....................................................
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S.
Virgin Islands) ...............................................
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................
Outside Breakaway Mirror .............................
Outside Convex Mirror .................................
Outside Power Mirrors ..................................
Outside Remote Control Mirror ......................
MyGMLink.com ............................................
~
~
..
I
I
=
=
2-20
5-20
2-26
6-19
2-15
3-15
2-6
7-5
2-33
2-34
2-34
2-33
2-33
7-3
N
NewVehicle Break-In ......................................
2-18
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 5-86
9
0
P
Odometer ......................................................
3-23
Off-Road Recovery ..........................................
4-1 2
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-14
Pressure Light .........................................
3-33
Older Children, Restraints .................
........ 1-31
Online Owner
Center
........
....
..... 7-3
Onstar@ Personal Calling . . . . . . . . .
.... 2-37
Onstar@ Services ........................................... 2-36
Onstar@ System ............................................ 2-36
Onstar@ Virtual Advisor ...................................
2-37
Opening a Rear Door When the Security
Lock is On ......................................
.... 2-10
Operation ....................
............
.... 3-17
Other
Warning
Devices
.................
..... 3-4
Outlet Adjustment ..........
....
.... 3-20
Outside
Breakaway Mirrors .......................................
2-34
Convex Mirror .............................................
2-34
Power Mirrors .............................................
2-33
Remote Control Mirror ..................................
2-33
Owners,
Canadian
.......................
............ II
Owner’s Information . .
...........................
7-11
Park (P)
...........................
. 2-30
Shifting Out of
Parking
Brake ........................................................ 2-27
Over Things That Burn .................................
2-31
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle Park (P)
MechanismCheck .......................................
6-21
Parking on Hills ..................
....................
4-41
Parking Your Vehicle .......
........................
2-30
Park(P)
Shifting Into ................................................
2-28
Part A - Scheduled Maintenance Services ............ 6-4
Part B - Owner Checks and Services ................ 6-18
Part C - Periodic Maintenance Inspections .......... 6-22
Part D - Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ....... 6-24
Part E - MaintenanceRecord ........................... 6-26
Passing ................................................. 4-12, 4-40
Passlock@ ..................................................... 2-17
Personal Choice Radio Controls ........................
3-62
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................
7-7
Playing a Cassette Tape ..................................
3-58
Playing a CompactDisc ..........................
3-48, 3-60
Playing the Radio ...........................
3-37, 3-41, 3-51
10
?ower
Accessory Outlets ...........
DoorLocks .......................
Electrical System ................
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows .......
Power Steering ......
...... 3-16
............ 2-9
..................... 5-81
....
............
....
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ...
...... 5-33
.. 2-15
.. 4-10
.. 1-13
R
.......... 3.40. 3-50
RadioDataSystem(RDS)
......
Radio
Messages
................
...... 3.39.3.45.
3-55
.................... 2-5
Radio Personalization .....
.......... 3-36
Radios ........................................
AM-FMRadio .............................................
3-37
Care ofYour Cassette Tape Player ................ 3-63
3-64
Care ofYour CDPlayer ...............................
n
x
nnbale UI I U U I ~b U > ......................
. . . . . . . 3-v't
Personal Choice
Radio
Controls ..
. . . 3-62
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-50
Radio with CD ............................................ 3-40
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-36
.
~~
r) P
A
Radios (cont.)
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems(RDS) ................................
3-36
Theft-Deterrent ............................................
3-62
3-63
Understanding Reception ...........................
................
... 3-54
3-44,
Messages
RDS
Rear
Door
Security Locks ..........
......... 2-9
Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides
...
, ... 1-27
Rear
Seat
Operation .........................
..... 1-8
RearSeatPassengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-23
Rear Window Defogger ....................................
3-19
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-33
....................
1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ..........
...
. . . . 4-31
Recreational Vehicle
Towing
Remote
Keyless
Entry System ...............
..... 2-3
RemoteKeyless Entry System, Operation . . . . . . . . 2-4
.........................
. . . . 2-12
Remote
Trunk
Release
2-12
RemoteTrunkRelease Lockout .....................
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ..................................................
5-63
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-61
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-49
n--l--.-nr-l.^ P . , - & ~ - . T ) ~ ~ + ~
C '30
I Icplabll ~y u l a n c U C ~ ~ ~ L G I I U I
..........................
vu
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash ..... 1-62
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian
Government
........
.... 7-10
General
Motors
....................
.... 7-10
7-10
United States Government .
I
I
0
Restraint System Check ...................................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a
Crash .....................................................
Restraint Systems
Checking ....................................................
Replacing Parts ...........................................
Restraints. Head ...............................................
Resynchronization .............................................
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ......................
Right Front Passenger Position. Safety Belts ......
Roadside
Assistance Program .......................................
Running Your Engine While YouAre Parked . . . .
Safety Belt
..............................
Reminder Light ......
Safety Belts
Care of ......................................................
Driver Position ............................................
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ........
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults ......................................
12
6-18
1-61
1-62
1-61
1-62
1-5
2-7
2-20
1-23
7-6
2-32
3-24
5-74
1-1 4
1-14
1-1 3
1-27
Safety Belts (cont.)
Rear Seat Passengers .............................
1-23
Right Front Passenger Position ......................
1-23
Safety BeltExtender ....................................
1-30
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-22
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .........................
1-9
Safety Chains .................................................
4-39
...
III
Safety Warnings and Symbols ..............................
Seatback Latches .............................................
1-6
Seats
Easy Entry Seat ....................................
1-7
Head Restraints ..................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1-2
Manual ....................................................
Rear Seat Operation ...................................... 1-8
Reclining Seatbacks ......................................
1-4
Seatback Latches .......................................... 1-6
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed forthe LATCH System ................... 1-45
Rear Seat Position ......................................
1-45
1-48
Right Front Seat Position ..............................
Selecting the RightSchedule,Maintenance .......... 6-5
Service ...........................................................
5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside ofYour
5-4
Vehicle .....................................................
5-4
Doing Your OwnWork ...................................
EngineSoonLight .......................................
3-30
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-11
Vehicle Soon Light .......................................
3-35
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-1 1
Service Manuals .............................................
7-11
SettingPresetStations ....................
3-38, 3-42, 3-52
Setting the Time
Radios with RadioDataSystems(RDS)
......... 3-36
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ........ 3-36
Setting the Tone(BassTTreble) .......... 3-38, 3-43, 3-53
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-77
................
................... 2-27
Speeds
Shift
Shifting Into Park (P) .............
................... 2-28
ShiftingOut of Park(P) ...................................
2-30
ShortTrip/City Definition ....................................
6-5
ShortTrip/City Intervals .....................................
6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ................ 6-6
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster (Four Door
I-\
-I i
7
I V I U U ~ 1 3 ]......................................................
Skidding ........................................................ 4-14
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips .......................
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems .....................
Specifications, Capacities .................................
Speedometer ..................................................
Starter Switch Check .......................................
2-20,
Starting Your Engine ...............................
Steering ........................................................
Steering in Emergencies ..................................
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle Boot
and Seal Inspection .....................................
Steering Tips ...............................
....
Storage Areas
Center
Console
Storage
Area
.....
....
......................
........
Convenience
Net
Cupholder(s) ...............................................
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools ..........................
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools .......................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Sunroof ...
...........................................
4-18
5-72
5-85
3-23
6-20
2-21
4-10
4-11
6-22
4-10
2-38
2-38
2-38
5-68
5-69
4-29
2-15
2-39
R R - A -
1 - 1
I
13
Tachometer ......................................
... 3-23
Taillamps
Turn Signal Lamps ......................................
5-48
Theft.Deterrent. Radio .....................................
3-62
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-16
Content Theft-Deterrent . .
.............. 2-16
Passlock@ .................... ,
.......... 2-17
Throttle System Inspection ...........................
6-22
Tilt Wheel ........................................................
3-5
6-18
Tire Inflation Check .........................................
Tires .....................................................
5-51, 5-77
Buying NewTires ........................................ 5-55
Chains ....................................................... 5-59
Changing a Flat Tire ....................................
5-60
Compact Spare Tire .....................................
5-70
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-60
5-52
Inflation - Tire Pressure ...............................
Inspection and Rotation ................................
5-53
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .........................
5-56
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-57
5-57
Wheel Replacement .....................................
When It Is Time for New Tires
......................
5-54
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-22
5-73
Top of the Instrument Panel .............................
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-41
Top Strap Anchor Location ...............................
1-42
14
Torque Lock ...................................................
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires ..................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .....................................
Towing a Trailer ..................................
4.36.
Your Vehicle ...............................................
Traction
Enhanced Traction System(ETS) ....................
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
Active Light .............................................
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) Warning
Light ......................................................
Trailer Brakes .................................................
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ...........................................
Fluid, Manual ..............................................
Transaxle Operation, Automatic .........................
Transaxle Operation, Manual ............................
Transmission
Up-Shift Light ..............................................
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................
Transportation Options ......................................
Trap-Resistant Trunk Kit ...................................
Trip Odometer ................................................
Trunk ............................................................
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ..........................
TurnSignaVMultifunctionLever ...........................
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer ..................
2-29
4-38
4-31
4-42
4-31
4-8
3-29
3-28
4-39
5-20
5-20
2-23
2-26
3-26
7-11
7-8
2-13
3-23
2-11
3-6
3-5
4-40
W
Underbody Flushing Service .............................
Understanding Radio Reception ........................
UniformTireQuality Grading ............................
United States ...................................................
Up-Shift Light .................................................
UsedReplacementWheels ..............................
Using Cleaner on Fabric ..................................
Using the Rear Door Security Lock
.....................
6-21
3-63
5-56
7-4
3-26
5-58
5-72
2-9
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-5
DamageWarnings ...........................................
iv
Loading ......................................................
4-34
Parking Your ...............................................
2-30
3-35
ServiceSoonLight ......................................
Symbok .......................................
........... iv
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-80
ServiceParts Identification Label ................... 5-80
VehicleStorage .............................................. 5-39
Ventilation Adjustment ......................................
3-20
Vinyl .............................................................
5-73
Visors ....................................................... 2-15
WarningLights. Gages and Indicators .....
.... 3-21
Warnings
Hazard Warning Flashers ...............................
3-3
Other Warning Devices ..................................
3-4
...
Safety and Symbols .........................................
III
Vehicle Damage ..............................................
iv
Washing Your Vehicle ......................................
5-74
Weatherstrip Lubrication ................................... 6-19
4-37
Weight of the Trailer ........................................
Weight of the Trailer Tongue .............................
4-38
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................
5-16
What to Do with Used Oil ................................
5-18
5-22, 5-33, 5-34
What to Use ..................................
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..........................
5-57
Replacement ............................................... 5-57
5-15
When to Add Engine Oil ..................................
5-17
When to Change Engine Oil .............................
When to Check ..............................................
5-52
When to Check and What to Use .....................
5-21
!l\!hey! k! Check PE!!Pr steering F!L!ic! . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-33
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking
4-42
on a Hill .....................................................
1-40
Where to Put the Restraint ...............................
1-10
Why Safety Belts Work ....................................
Window Lock-Out ............................................
2-15
15
Windows . ,
..........................................
2-14
Manual ......................................................
2-15
Power ........................................................ 2-15
Windshield andWiperBlades ...........................
5-76
Windshield Washer
Fluid ..........................................................
5-34
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check ................ 6-18
Windshield Washers ..........................................
3-8
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-50
Fuses ........................................................ 5-81
Windshield Wipers ............................................
3-7
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-24
Wiper Blade Check .........................................
6-19
16
XMTMRadio Satellite Service (USA Only) ...... 3.40. 3-50
XMTMSatellite Radio Antenna System ................ 3-65
XMTMSatellite Radio Service ............................ 3-63
Your Vehicle and
the Environment .......................
6-2
I
Download PDF
Similar pages