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Use & Care Manual
With Installation Instructions for the Installer
Light Duty Commercial Electric
Water Heaters
Double Element Models,
75, 85, 105 Gallon
The purpose of this manual is twofold:
one, to provide the installer with the basic
directions and recommendations for the proper
installation and adjustment of the water heater;
and two, for the owner–operator, to explain
the features, operation, safety precautions,
maintenance and troubleshooting of the water
heater. This manual also includes a parts list.
It is imperative that all persons who are
expected to install, operate or adjust this
water heater read the instructions carefully
so they may understand how to perform
these operations. If you do not understand
these instructions or any terms within it, seek
professional advice.
Any questions regarding the operation,
maintenance, service or warranty of this
water heater should be directed to the seller
from whom it was purchased. If additional
information is required, refer to the warranty.
Do not destroy this manual. Please read
carefully and keep in a safe place for future
reference.
!
!
Recognize this symbol as an
indication of Important Safety
Information!
alifornia Proposition 65 Warning:
C
This product contains chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
AP17946 (09/15)
Safety Information
FOR YOUR RECORDS
Safety Precautions. . . . . . . 3, 4
Write the model, serial numbers, and installation details on the
back cover of the manual.
Installation Instructions
Location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Water Connections . . . . . . . . . 8
This information is located on the rating plate (silver label) on the
unit.
Staple sales slip or cancelled check here.
Proof of the original purchase date is needed to obtain
service under the warranty.
Electrical Connections. . . . . 10
Wiring Diagram. . . . . . . . . . 11
READ THIS MANUAL
Operating Instructions
Safety Controls . . . . . . . . . . 14
Inside you will find many helpful hints on how to use and maintain
your water heater properly. Just a little preventive care on your part
can save you a great deal of time and money over the life of your
water heater.
Water Temperature . . . . . . . . 14
You’ll find many answers to common problems in the Before You
Call For Service section. If you review our chart of Troubleshooting
Tips first, you may not need to call for service at all.
Care and Cleaning
READ THE SAFETY INFORMATION
Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Extended Shut-Down. . . . . 16
Your safety and the safety of others are very important. There
are many important safety messages in this manual and on your
appliance. Always read and obey all safety messages.
!
Troubleshooting Tips
Before You Call
For Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Customer Service
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and
either the word “DANGER”, “WARNING”, “CAUTION” or
“NOTICE”.
These words mean:
An imminently hazardous situation ! DANGER
that will result in death or serious injury.
!
Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Replacement Parts. . . . . . . . . 19
Element Replacement. . . . . 20
Warranty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-23
How To Register. . . . . . . 23-24
If You Need Service . . . . . . . 28
2
This is the safety alert symbol. Recognize this symbol
as an indication of Important Safety Information!
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can
kill or hurt you and others.
!
WARNING
A potentially hazardous situation that could result in death or serious injury and/or damage to property.
CAUTION A potentially hazardous situation that may result in minor or moderate injury.
Notice:
Attention is called to observe a specified procedure or maintain a specific condition.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING.
DANGER!
WATER TEMPERATURE SETTING
Safety and energy conservation are factors to be considered when selecting the water
temperature setting of water heater’s thermostat. Water temperatures above 125°F (51°C)
can cause severe burns or death from scalding. Be sure to read and follow the warnings
outlined on the label pictured below. This label is also located on the water heater near
the thermostat access panel.
!
DANGER
HOT
BURN
Water temperature over 125°F can
cause severe burns instantly or
death from scalds.
Children, disabled and elderly are
at highest risk of being scalded.
See instruction manual before
setting temperature at water
heater.
Feel water before bathing or
showering.
Temperature limiting valves are
available, see manual.
Notice: Mixing valves are recommended for reducing
point of use water temperature by mixing hot and
cold water in branch water lines. It is recommended
that a mixing valve complying with the Standard for
Temperature Actuated Mixing Valves for Hot Water
Distribution Systems, ASSE 1017 be installed. See page
14 for more details and contact a licensed plumber or the
local plumbing authority for further information.
Time/Temperature Relationship in Scalds
Temperature
Time To Produce a Serious Burn
120°F (49°C)
125°F (51°C)
130°F (54°C)
135°F (57°C)
140°F (60°C)
145°F (63°C)
150°F (66°C)
155°F (68°C)
More than 5 minutes
1½ to 2 minutes
About 30 seconds
About 10 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
Less than 3 seconds
About 1½ seconds
About 1 second
Table courtesy of Shriners Burn Institute
The chart shown above may be used as a guide
in determining the proper water temperature for your
home.
! DANGER: Households with small children, disabled, or
elderly persons may require a 120°F (49°C) or lower
thermostat setting to prevent contact with “HOT” water.
The temperature of the water in the heater is
regulated by the adjustable surface mounted
thermostat(s) located behind the jacket access
panel(s). Dual element heaters have two thermostats.
To comply with safety regulations the thermostat(s)
were set at 120°F before the water heater was
shipped from the factory. Canadian models are set
to 140°F (60°C).
Reset button
Thermostat dial
pointer
Thermostat
protective
cover
The illustration at the left
shows the temperature
adjustment dial used
for setting the water
temperature.
Refer to the Operating
Instructions in this
manual for detailed
instructions in how to
adjust the thermostat(s).
! DANGER: Hotter water increases the potential for
Hot Water SCALDS.
3
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING.
WARNING!
For your safety, the information in this manual must be followed to minimize the risk of
fire or explosion, electric shock, or to prevent property damage, personal injury, or loss of
life.
Be sure to read and understand the entire Use and Care Manual before attempting
to install or operate this water heater. It may save you time and cost. Pay particular
attention to the Safety Instructions. Failure to follow these warnings could result in
serious bodily injury or death. Should you have problems understanding the instructions
in this manual, or have any questions, STOP, and get help from a qualified service
technician, or the local electric utility.
FOR INSTALLATIONS IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA
California Law requires that residential water heaters must be braced, anchored or
strapped to resist falling or horizontal displacement due to earthquake motions. For
residential water heaters up to 52 gallon capacity, a brochure with generic earthquake
bracing instructions can be obtained from: Office of the State Architect, 1102 Q Street,
Suite 5100, Sacramento, CA 95811 or you may call 916-445-8100 or ask a water heater
dealer.
However, applicable local codes shall govern installation. For residential water heaters
of a capacity greater than 52 gallons, consult the local building jurisdiction for acceptable
bracing procedures.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Have the installer show you the location of the circuit breaker and how to shut it off if
necessary. Turn off the circuit breaker if the water heater has been subjected to overheating,
fire, flood, physical damage or if the ECO (Emergency Cut Off) on the thermostat fails to shut
off.
● DO NOT attempt to repair or replace
● Read this manual entirely before installing
any part of your water heater unless it is
or operating the water heater.
specifically recommended in this manual.
● Use this appliance only for its intended
All other servicing should be referred to a
purpose as described in this Use and Care
qualified technician.
Manual.
●A
ll replacement parts used on this
● Be sure your appliance is properly installed
product must be manufacturer authorized
in accordance with local codes and the
components.
provided installation instructions.
● DO NOT turn on the electrical supply
or operate this water heater unless it is
completely full of water.
READ AND FOLLOW THIS SAFETY INFORMATION
CAREFULLY.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
4
Installing the water heater.
Local Installation Regulations
This water heater must be installed in
accordance with these instructions, local
codes, utility codes, utility company
requirements or, in the absence of local
codes, the latest edition of the National
Electrical Code. It is available from some
local libraries or can be purchased from
the National Fire Protection Association,
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269 as
booklet ANSI/NFPA 70.
If the water heater is to be installed in a
restaurant, or other location where NSF
International listing is required, it must
be weather sealed to the floor, a raised
base, or on a shelf so that seepage cannot
accumulate under it; or elevated to provide
at least (6) inches of clearance from the
floor.
In order to meet NSF International
requirements for Standard 5, the base
of the water heater must be sealed to
the floor to prevent seepage underneath.
Apply a 3/8" bead of RTV Silicone
completely around the floor edge of the
base of the tank.
The location chosen for the water heater must take into consideration the following:
Location
NOTICE: DO NOT use
fittings on top of the unit as
handles or lift points.
Locate the water heater in a clean dry area
as near as practical to the area of greatest
heated water demand. Long un-insulated
hot water lines can waste energy and
water.
Place the water heater in such a manner
that the thermostat and element access
panels can be removed to permit inspection
and servicing such as removal of elements
or checking controls.
The water heater and water lines should
be protected from freezing temperatures.
1
Unit
Capacity
(Gallons)
Unit
Capacity
(Imperial Gallons)
75
85
105
63
71
88
DO NOT install the water heater in
outdoor, unprotected areas or near any
other appliances where high temperatures
are present, such as wood burning stoves,
boilers, or furnaces. High temperatures
can warp or otherwise damage the nonmetallic construction of this water heater.
Make certain the floor underneath
the water heater is strong enough to
sufficiently support the weight of the
water heater once it is filled with water.
Dimensions (Inches)
Height 1 Diameter
62 5/8
70 1/4
70 3/4
28 1/4
28 1/4
30 1/4
Shipping Approximate
Weight
Full Weight
(lbs)
(lbs)
122
134
152
748
843
1,028
Height includes factory installed Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve.
5
Installing the water heater.
Thermal Expansion
Determine if a check valve exists in the
inlet water line. Check with your local
water utility. It may have been installed
in the cold water line as a separate back
flow preventer, or it may be part of a
pressure reducing valve, water meter or
water softener. A check valve located
in the cold water inlet line can cause
what is referred to as a “closed water
system”. A cold water inlet line with
no check valve or back flow prevention
device is referred to as an “open” water
system.
As water is heated, it expands in
volume and creates an increase in
the pressure within the water system.
This action is referred to as “thermal
expansion”. In an “open” water
system, expanding water which exceeds
the capacity of the water heater flows
back into the city main where the
pressure is easily dissipated.
A “closed water system”, however,
prevents the expanding water from
flowing back into the main supply line,
and the result of “thermal expansion”
can create a rapid and dangerous
pressure increase in the water heater
and system piping. This rapid pressure
increase can quickly reach the safety
setting of the relief valve, causing it
to operate during each heating cycle.
Thermal expansion, and the resulting
rapid and repeated expansion and
contraction of components in the water
heater and piping system can cause
premature failure of the relief valve,
and possibly the heater itself. Replacing
the relief valve will not correct the
problem!
The suggested method of controlling
thermal expansion is to install an
expansion tank in the cold water line
between the water heater and the
check valve (refer to the illustration
on page 9). The expansion tank is
designed with an air cushion built in
that compresses as the system pressure
increases, thereby relieving the over
pressure condition and eliminating the
repeated operation of the relief valve.
Other methods of controlling thermal
expansion are also available. Contact
your installing contractor, water supplier
or plumbing inspector for additional
information regarding this subject.
Inspect Water Heater
Inspect the water heater for possible damage. Check the markings on the rating
plate of the water heater to be certain the power supply corresponds to the water
heater requirements.
Vacuum Relief Valve
NOTICE: Do NOT operate
the unit without the vacuum
relief valve for any reason.
Doing so will void the
manufacturer’s warranty.
6
The vacuum relief valve, which must
be used when installing the water
heater, is factory installed.
a means to eliminate the negative pressure or vacuum by admitting air into
the tank to equalize the pressure.
The cold water inlet has a vacuum
relief valve connected to it. Certain
conditions in the field may produce a
vacuum or negative pressure condition
inside the water heater’s tank. This
negative pressure can cause the tank to
fail. The vacuum relief valve provides
It is not recommended to pull a
vacuum on the unit.
If a vacuum is pulled on the unit, refer
to the "To Fill the Water Heater" section to ensure the unit is full of water
before operating.
A new combination temperature and pressure relief valve, complying with the Standard for Relief
Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22, is supplied and must be installed in the opening
provided and marked for the purpose on the water heater. No valve of any type should be installed
between the relief valve and the tank. Local codes shall govern the installation of relief valves.
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve
! WARNING: The pressure
rating of the relief valve must
not exceed 150 psi, (1034 kPa),
the maximum working
pressure of the water heater as
marked on the rating plate.
The BTUH rating of the relief valve must
not be less than the input rating of the
water heater as indicated on the rating
label located on the front of the heater
(1 watt=3.412 btu/h).
Connect the outlet of the relief valve to a
suitable open drain so that the discharge
water cannot contact live electrical parts
or persons and to eliminate potential water
damage.
Piping used should be of a type approved
for hot water distribution. The discharge
line must be no smaller than the outlet of
the valve and must pitch downward from
the valve to allow complete drainage (by
gravity) of the relief valve and discharge
line. The end of the discharge line should
not be threaded or concealed and should be
protected from freezing. No valve of any
type, restriction or reducer coupling should
be installed in the discharge line.
■■■✦■■■
Drain Pan
NOTICE: Auxiliary
catch pan MUST
conform to local codes.
NOTICE: Water heater
must be centered in
drain pan.
The water heater should not be
located in an area where leakage of
the tank or connections will result in
damage to the area adjacent to it or to
lower floors of the structure. Where
such areas cannot be avoided, it is
recommended that a suitable drain
pan, adequately drained, be installed
under the water heater.
Under no circumstance will the
manufacturer be held liable for any
water damage in connection with
this water heater.
Drain pan kits are available from
the store where the water heater
was purchased, or any water heater
distributor.
B = Max 2″
B
A = Diameter of
water heater
plus 2″ min.
A
To open drain, this line should be at least 3/4″ ID and
pitched for proper drainage.
7
Installing the water heater.
Water Supply Connections
NOTICE: DO NOT attempt to turn any fitting
connected to the water
heater union hex nuts that
are tightened.
NOTICE: The hex nut connections on the units use
rubber seal rings to provide the water tight seal.
DO NOT use pipe sealant
on this joint. DO NOT
torque the union hex nuts
to over 35 ft-lbs when reinstalling the components.
SOLDER WITH CARE!!!
If sweat connections are
used, DO NOT apply heat
directly to any component
directly connected to the
water heater. Assemblies
should be built to a
minimum length of 12”
before attaching to any
connection on the water
heater to avoid damaging
the unit.
! WARNING: Failure to
follow the instructions
provided in this manual
may permanently damage
the unit and void the
manufacturer’s warranty.
Refer to the illustration on the
next page for suggested typical
installation. The installation of
unions or flexible copper connectors
is recommended on the hot and
cold water connections so that the
unit may be easily disconnected for
servicing if necessary. The HOT and
COLD water connections are clearly
marked on the top of the unit. Install
a shut-off valve in the cold water line
near the unit.
The hot water connection is
provided with a ¾” or 1” connection
depending on the size of the unit. A
metal fitting should be used for the
connection to the unit at this location.
The hot water connection contains a
plastic cap to contain a rubber seal
ring that is used to form a water tight
connection. Take care when removing
the plastic cap so the rubber seal ring
is not lost. Be sure the rubber seal
ring is seated inside the union hex nut
before making the final connection.
DO NOT use pipe sealant on this
joint. DO NOT torque the union
hex nuts to over 35 ft-lbs when
reinstalling the components.
To Fill the Water Heater
! WARNING: DO NOT
turn on the electrical
supply or operate this
water heater unless it is
completely full of water.The
tank must be full of water
before heater is turned on.
The water heater warranty
does not cover damage or
failure resulting from
operation with an empty or
partially empty tank.
8
Make certain the drain valve on the water
heater is completely closed.
Open the shut-off valve in the cold water
supply line.
The cold water connection and the
temperature and pressure relief
valve are supplied with ¾” NPT
connections. They may be temporarily
disconnected from the unit to ease
installation by loosening the union
hex nuts connecting the fittings to the
unit. The connection of these parts to
the unit use rubber seal rings to form
a water tight connection. Re-use the
rubber seal rings that are provided
with the unit when re-installing these
components. Follow the instructions
listed for the hot water connection to
reconnect the union hex nuts.
Minimum Dimension
3/4” Connection: 0.725”
1” Connection: 0.920”
Rubber
Seal
Ring
Hex Union
Nut
The hot water connection fitting must
have an inside diameter greater than
the minimum shown in the picture
above.
Open each hot water faucet slowly to
allow the air to vent from the water
heater and piping.
A steady flow of water from the hot water
faucet(s) indicates a full water heater.
Typical Installation
Temperature & Pressure
Relief Valve
Pre-solder 12" minimum
stub pipes before
installing to unit.
Support the relief valve drain
pipe using metal strapping or
wire fastened to the structure
overhead
Cold Inlet Shut
Off
Hot Water Outlet
Heat Trap 6"
Minimum
Seal Ring
(Inside nut)
Hex Union Nut
(Relief Valve)
Top of Water Heater
Junction Box
Union
(The addition of a union at
this point will help in the
replacement of the T & P Relief
Valve should the need arise.)
Thermal Expansion
Tank (if required)
See thermal
expansion section
on page 6.
Drain Pipe -(3/4" minimum)
No threads permitted on
end of Drain Pipe.
Drain Valve
6” Maximum distance
from drain pipe to
suitable open drain.
Drain Pan
9
Installing the water heater.
Electrical Connections
DO NOT turn on the electrical
supply or operate this water
heater unless it is completely full
of water.
A separate branch circuit with copper
conductors, over current protective device
and suitable disconnecting means must be
provided by a qualified electrician.
All wiring must conform to local codes
or latest edition of National Electrical
Code ANSI/NFPA 70.
Canadian models must conform to local
codes or latest edition of Canadian
Electrical Code.
The water heater is completely wired to
the junction box inside jacket at the top
front of the water heater. An opening for
1/2″ or 3/4″ electrical fitting is provided
for field wiring connections.
The voltage requirements and wattage
load for the water heater are specified
on the rating plate on the front of the
water heater.
The branch circuit wiring should include
either:
etallic conduit or metallic
M
sheathed cable approved for use as a
grounding conductor and installed
with fittings approved for the
purpose.
on-metallic sheathed cable,
N
metallic conduit or metallic sheathed
cable not approved for use as a
ground conductor shall include a
separate conductor for grounding. It
should be attached to the ground
terminals of the water heater and the
electrical distribution box.
! CAUTION: The presence of water
in the piping and water heater does
not provide sufficient conduction for a
ground. Non-metallic piping, dielectric
unions, flexible connectors etc. can
cause the water heater to be electrically
isolated.
Main Fuse or
Circuit Breaker Panel
Non - Metallic Sheathed Cable with
separate grounding conductor.
Grounding
Conductor
(Bare or Green)
BLACK
GREEN
RED
Wire Nut
Wire Nut
BLACK
Top of Water Heater Junction Box
10
RED
Branch Circuit Sizing and Wire Size Guide
Single Phase
Wiring
Total Water
Heater Wattage
3,000
3,800
4,500
Recommended Over Current
Protection Copper (fuse or circuit
breaker amperage rating)
240V
20
20
25
Wire Size AWG Based on N.E.C.
Table 310-16 (75°C)
240V
12
12
10
! DANGER: Elements should only be replaced with an element of the same power rating
that was factory installed, and corresponds to the rating label on the unit.
NOTICE: This guide recommends minimum branch circuit sizing and wire size based on National Electric Code. Refer to
wiring diagrams in this manual for field wiring connections.
240 Volt
Wiring Diagrams
DOUBLE ELEMENT
G
*
L2
3
2
4
1
4
UPPER THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
BLUE
YELLOW
1
RED
BLACK
L1
JUNCTION
BOX
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
2
RED
BLACK
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
YELLOW
1
2
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
11
Installing the water heater.
Insulation Blankets
! WARNING: If local
codes require external
application of insulation
blanket kits the
manufacturer’s instructions
included with the kit must
be carefully followed.
Insulation blankets, available to the
general public, for external use on electric
water heaters are not necessary. The
purpose of an insulation blanket is to
reduce the standby heat loss encountered
with storage tank heaters. This water
heater meets or exceeds the National
Appliance Energy Conservation Act
standards with respect to insulation and
standby loss requirements making an
insulation blanket unnecessary.
The manufacturer’s warranty does not
cover any damage or defect caused by
installation, attachment or use of
any type of energy saving or other
unapproved devices (other than those
authorized by the manufacturer) into, onto
or in conjunction with the water heater.
The use of unauthorized energy saving
devices may shorten the life of the water
heater and may endanger life and property.
! CAUTION: If local codes require the
application of an external insulation
blanket to this water heater, pay careful
attention to the following so as not to
restrict the proper function and
operation of the water heater:
 DO NOT cover the operating or
warning labels attached to the water
heater or attempt to relocate them on
the exterior of insulation blanket.
 DO NOT apply insulation to the top of
the water heater. This could interfere
with the safe operation of the electrical
junction box.
 DO NOT cover the jacket access
panel(s) to the thermostat(s) and heating
element(s), vacuum valve, or pressure
and temperature relief valve.
 Inspect the insulation blanket frequently.
The manufacturer disclaims any
responsibility for such loss or injury
resulting from the use of such
unauthorized devices.
Hot and Cold Pipe Insulation Installation
Notice: Do not cover or
block opening on vacuum
valve
12
Vacuum
Valve
Vacuum
Valve
Typical vertical piping arrangement
Typical horizontal piping arrangement
For increased energy efficiency, some
water heaters have been supplied with
two 24” sections of pipe insulation.
Please install the insulation, according
to the illustrations above, that best meets
your requirements.
Installation Checklist
A. Water Heater Location
❑ Close to area of heated water demand.
❑ Indoors and protected from freezing temperatures.
❑ Area free of flammable vapors.
❑ Provisions made to protect area from water ❑ Sufficient room to service heater.
damage.
B. Water Supply
❑ Water heater completely filled with water.
❑ Air purged from water heater and piping.
❑ Water connections tight and free of leaks.
C. Relief Valve
❑ Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve properly installed and discharge line run to open drain.
❑ Discharge line protected from freezing.
D. Wiring
❑Power Supply voltage agrees with water
heater rating plate.
❑Branch circuit wire and fusing or circuit
breaker of proper size.
❑Electrical connections tight and unit properly
grounded.
13
Operating the water heater.
Safety Precautions
o turn off power to water heater if
D
it has been subjected to over heating,
fire, flood, physical damage.
O NOT turn on water heater unless
D
it is filled with water.
O NOT turn on water heater if cold
D
water supply shut-off valve is closed.
there is any difficulty in
If
understanding or following the
Operating Instructions or the
Care and Cleaning section, it is
recommended that a qualified person
or serviceman perform the work.
The
unit must be completely filled
with water before turning on the
power.
Safety Controls
NOTICE: It is important
that the fiberglass insulation
is replaced to maintain water
heater's performance.
The water heater is equipped with a
combination thermostat and temperature
limiting control (ECO) that is located
above the heating element in the upper
control box. If for any reason the water
temperature becomes excessively high, the
temperature limiting control (ECO) breaks
the power circuit to the heating element.
Once the control opens, it must be reset
manually.
CAUTION: The cause of the high
temperature condition must be
investigated by qualified service
technician and corrective action must
be taken before placing the water
heater in service again.
To reset the temperature limiting control:
urn off the power to the water
T
heater.
emove the jacket access panel(s)
R
and insulation from the top control
box.
he thermostat protective cover
T
should not be removed.
Press the red RESET button.
eplace the insulation and jacket
R
access panel(s) before turning on the
power to the water heater.
Water Temperature Setting
! DANGER: There is a hot
water scald potential if the
thermostat is set too high.
Households with small
children, disabled, or elderly
persons may require a 120°F
(49°C) or lower thermostat
setting to prevent contact
with HOT water.
! DANGER: The water
heater will experience the
highest water temperatures
the first time the unit is
operated as it is conditioned
and the temperature
stabilizes.
The temperature of the water in the water
heater can be regulated by setting the
temperature dial of the adjustable surface
mounted thermostat(s) located behind the
jacket access panel(s).
Dual element heaters have two
thermostats.
Safety and energy conservation are factors
to be considered when selecting the water
temperature setting of the water heater’s
thermostat(s). The lower the temperature
setting, the greater the savings in energy
and operating costs.
To comply with safety regulations the
thermostat(s) are factory set at 120°F or
less where local codes require. Canadian
models are set to 140° F (60° C). These
are the recommended starting points.
Water temperatures above 125°F (51°C)
14
can cause severe burns or death from
scalding. Be sure to read and follow the
warnings outlined in this manual and on
the label on the water heater. This label
is located on the water heater near the
thermostat access panel.
Mixing valves are recommended for
reducing point of use water temperature
by mixing hot and cold water in branch
water lines. It is recommended that a
mixing valve complying with the Standard
for Temperature Actuated Mixing Valves
for Hot Water Distribution Systems, ASSE
1017 be installed. See page 3 for more
details and contact a licensed plumber or
the local plumbing authority for further
information.
The chart on the next page may be used
as a guide in determining the proper water
temperature for your home.
If adjustment is necessary…
WARNING: If the water heater has been
subjected to fire, flood, or physical damage, turn off
power to water heater, and DO NOT operate the
water heater again until it has been checked by a
qualified service technician.
NOTICE: Do not use this appliance if any part has
been under water. Immediately call a qualified
installer or service agency to replace a flooded water
heater. DO NOT attempt to repair the unit! It must be
replaced.
To increase the water temperature, it
is recommended to adjust the bottom
thermostat only.
Turn off the power to the water heater.
To decrease water temperature, all
thermostats on the unit need to be
adjusted to the lower setting.
! DANGER: Make certain power to the
water heater is "OFF" before removing any
jacket access panel for any reason. Failure
to do so could result in property damage,
bodily injury, or death.
emove the snap-in access panel cover.
R
Insert finger into latch hole on the bottom
of the cover and push up to release the
latch. Pull forward and remove the cover
and insulation.
Reset button
Thermostat dial
pointer
emove the (4) screws that secure the
R
jacket access panel to the unit. Remove
the jacket access panel and insulation
exposing the thermostats. Use care when
removing insulation pads.
Thermostat
protective
cover
Top Thermostat or Single
Thermostat Models
he thermostat protective cover should not
T
be removed.
Bottom Thermostat
APPROXIMATE WATER TEMPERATURE
SETTING
TOP
BOTTOM
LOW
95°F (35°C)
120°F (49°C)
MED
125°F (52°C)
150°F (66°C)
HIGH
155°F (68°C)
180°F (82°C)
It is important that the fiberglass insulation is replaced to
maintain water heater's performance and safety.
sing a small screwdriver, set the
U
thermostat dial pointer to the desired
temperature by turning the screw. Do not
pry or move the white plastic pointer.
eplace the rectangular insulation and
R
thermostat access panel. Secure the panel
to the unit using the (4) screws provided.
Tighten the screws until only snug.
eplace the access panel cover and
R
insulation and snap in position.
Turn on the power to the water heater.
Time/Temperature Relationship in Scalds
Temperature
Time To Produce a Serious Burn
120°F (49°C)
125°F (51°C)
130°F (54°C)
135°F (57°C)
140°F (60°C)
145°F (63°C)
150°F (66°C)
155°F (68°C)
More than 5 minutes
11/2 to 2 minutes
About 30 seconds
About 10 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
Less than 3 seconds
About 11/2 seconds
About 1 second
Table courtesy of Shriners Burn Institute
15
Care and cleaning of the water heater.
Draining the Water Heater
NOTICE: Additional
instructions for draining
the unit are located on the
water heater.
Please reference the "To Fill
the Water Heater" section
(see page 8) for instructions
on how to refill the unit.
Shut off power to the water heater.
O
pen a hot water faucet nearest the
water heater. Run water until cold.
urn off the cold water supply to
T
the water heater.
Leave the hot water faucet open.
ttach a garden hose to the drain
A
valve on the bottom of the water
heater and direct the hose to a
drain.
Lift open the handle on the relief
valve, and leave open. (top center
fitting on water heater) (some water
may be released)
Open the drain valve.
Drain water heater completely.
Close the drain valve.
Close the relief valve.
Routine Preventative Maintenance
DANGER: Before
manually operating the relief
valve, make certain no one will
be exposed to the danger of
coming in contact with the hot
water released by the valve.
The water may be hot enough
to create a scald hazard. The
water should be released into a
suitable drain to prevent
injury or property damage.
NOTICE: If the temperature
and pressure relief valve
on the hot water heater
discharges periodically,
this may be due to thermal
expansion in a closed water
system. Contact the water
supplier or your plumbing
contractor on how to correct
this. Do not plug the relief
valve outlet.
Properly maintained, your water heater
will provide years of dependable troublefree service.
operates freely. Allow several gallons to
flush through the discharge line to an open
drain.
It is suggested that a routine preventive
maintenance program be established and
followed by the user.
A water heater’s tank can act as a settling
basin for solids suspended in the water. It
is therefore not uncommon for hard water
deposits to accumulate in the bottom of
the tank. It is suggested that a few quarts/
liters of water be drained from the water
heater’s tank every month to clean the tank
of these deposits.
It is further recommended that a periodic
inspection of the operating controls,
heating elements and wiring should be
made by service personnel qualified in
electric appliance repair.
Most electrical appliances, even when
new, make some sound when in operation.
If the hissing or singing sound level
increases excessively, the electric heating
element may require cleaning. Contact a
qualified installer or plumbing contract to
inspect.
At least once a year, lift and release the
lever handle on the temperature pressure
relief valve, located near the top of the
water heater, to make certain the valve
Rapid closing of faucets or solenoid
valves in automatic water using appliances
can cause a banging noise heard in a
water pipe. Strategically located risers in
the water pipe system or water hammer
arresting devices can be used to minimize
the problem.
Water conditions can cause mineral
deposits to build up inside pipes. This
buildup can reduce the effectiveness of the
vacuum relief valve. The vacuum relief
valve should be replaced every six years.
Vacation and Extended Shut-Down
If the water heater is to remain idle for an
extended period of time, the power and
water to the appliance should be turned off
to conserve energy.
If the water heater is installed in a
location where it could freeze when not
operational, all water must be drained
from the unit and piping If the tank is full
of water and freezes, the tank will break.
See the "Draining the Water Heater"
16
section for details on draining the unit.
Freeze damage is not covered under the
manufacturer's warranty.
After a long shut-down period, the
water heater’s operation and controls
should be checked by qualified service
personnel. Make certain the water heater
is completely filled again before placing it
in operation.
Before You Call For Service…
Troubleshooting Tips
Save time and money! Review the chart on this page first and you may not need to call for service.
Problem
Possible Causes
Rumbling noise
Water conditions in your home caused  R
emove and clean the heating elements.
Contact a qualified service technician.
a build up of scale or mineral deposits
on the heating elements.
Relief valve producing popping
noise or draining
Pressure build up caused by thermal
expansion in a closed system.
Not enough or no
hot water
Water usage may have exceeded the
capacity of the water heater.
A fuse is blown or a circuit breaker
tripped.
Electric supply may be off.
The thermostat may be set too low.
Leaking or open hot water faucets.
Electric service to your home may be
interrupted.
Improper wiring.
Water is too hot
What to Do
 T
his is an unacceptable condition and
must be corrected. Contact the water supplier or plumbing contractor on how to
correct this. Do not plug the relief valve
outlet.
 W
ait for the water heater to recover after
an abnormal demand.
 R
eplace fuse or reset circuit breaker.
 M
ake sure electric supply to water heater
and disconnect switch, if used, are in the
ON position.
 S
ee the Temperature regulation of the
water heater section of this manual.
 M
ake sure all faucets are closed.
 C
ontact the local electric utility.
 S
ee the Installing the water heater section
Manual reset limit (ECO).

Cold water inlet temperature may be
colder during the winter months.
Top element defective (no hot water)
Bottom element defective (small
quantity of hot water)
The thermostat is set too high.

Covers and / or insulation missing.


of this manual.
S
ee the Temperature regulation of the
water heater section of this manual.
T
his is normal. The colder inlet water
takes longer to heat.
R
eplace element.
R
eplace element.
 S
ee the Temperature regulation of the
water heater section of this manual.
 R
einstall covers and insulation.
! CAUTION: For your safety DO NOT attempt repair of electrical wiring, thermostats, heating elements or other safety
devices. Refer repairs to qualified service personnel.
17
Replacement Parts.
Key No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
▲
▲
▲
▲
18
Description
Dip Tube
Grommet, Large
Grommet, Small
Seal Ring, Large
Seal Ring, Small
Vacuum Valve Assembly
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve
Knock-Out Bracket
Screw, #8 x 3/4"
Junction Box Cover
Screw #8-16 x 5/8"
Upper Thermostat
Upper Protector
Screw, #10-16 x 5/8"
Thermostat Cavity Insulation
Upper Access Panel
Screw, #10-16 x 5/8"
Access Panel Cover Insulation
Access Panel Cover
Element Gasket
Upper Heating Element (Includes Key No. 18)
Lower Thermostat
Lower Protector
Lower Access Panel
Lower Heating Element (Includes Key No. 18)
Drain Valve
Reducer Bushing, 3/4" NPT x 1" NPT
5/16-18 Cap Screw
Lock Washer
Element Wrench
Pipe Wrap Energy Kit
Use and Care Manual
Not Illustrated
Replacement Parts.
75 - 85 - 105 gallon models.
5
1
4
3
2
6
7
8
9
10
11
.........
.
13
14
17
13
22
16 15
18
19
16 15
20
21
17
12
...........
.....
12
18
3
23
25
24
19
Element Replacement Instructions
the unit are clean. Brush debris off of
threads with a toothbrush if needed.
1. Turn off power to the unit.
! DANGER: Make certain power
to the water heater is “OFF”
before removing any jacket access
panel for any reason. Failure to
do so could result in property
damage, bodily injury, or death.
2. O
pen a hot water faucet and allow
water to flow until the water is cold.
3. E
mpty the water out of the unit by
following the instructions given in
the “Draining the Water Heater”
section (see page 16) of this manual.
4. R
emove the snap-in access panel
cover. Insert finger into latch hole on
the bottom of the cover and push up
to release the latch. Pull forward and
remove the cover and insulation.
75 - 85 - 105 GALLON
5. R
emove the (4) screws that secure
the jacket access panel to the unit.
Remove the jacket access panel and
insulation exposing the thermostat
and element. Use care when
removing the insulation pads.
6. F
lip up the bottom of the plastic
protector up to expose the head of the
heating element.
7. L
oosen the terminal screws on the
element to disconnect the two wires
and slightly bend them away from
the element.
8. U
sing a wrench or socket to fit the
1 7/8 inch hex nut, remove the old
element. For 15 and 20 gallon units
use a 1/2 inch socket and remove
the (4) bolts and lock washers on the
element.
NOTICE: An element wrench is
available for purchase through your
water heater distributor.
NOTICE: Make sure the threads on
20
NOTICE: The elements are unique
to the upper and lower port. Make
certain the replacement element is
correct for the port into which you
are installing it.
9. O
n the new element make certain the
element gasket is in place and not
twisted.
10. Thread the new element into the
tank and tighten with a wrench or
socket to 13 – 15 ft-lbs. For 15 and
20 gallon units install the element
with the arrow on the head pointing
“UP” using the same bolts and lock
washers that were removed in step 8.
OTICE: DO NOT over tighten the
N
element. DO NOT apply torque over
18 ft-lbs.
11. Reconnect the two wires to the
element and tighten the terminal
screws.
12. Reference the “To Fill the Water
Heater” section of this manual for
instructions on refilling the unit.
13. After the unit is completely filled
with water and under pressure, verify
the element is properly installed with
no water leakage.
14. Lower the protector to cover the
head of the heating element.
15. Replace the rectangular insulation
and thermostat access panel. Secure
the panel to the unit using the (4)
screws provided. Tighten the screws
until only snug.
16. Replace the access panel cover and
insulation and snap in position.
17. Turn on power to the water heater.
LIMITED WARRANTY
Marathon Electric Water Heaters
EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY – LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This Limited Warranty is the only Warranty for this unit given by Rheem Sales Co. Inc., a subsidiary of Rheem Manufacturing Company. No one
is authorized to make any other warranties on our behalf. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, SHALL NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIODS SPECIFIED PREVIOUSLY. RHEEM’S SOLE
LIABILITY, WITH RESPECT TO ANY DEFECT, SHALL BE AS SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY, AND ANY CLAIMS FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGE FROM WATER LEAKAGE) ARE EXCLUDED. Some states do not allow limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, or for the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply
to you.
This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights, which vary from state to state.
We suggest you immediately complete the information below and retain it in the event warranty service is needed. Reasonable proof of the date
of installation of your water heater may be required to establish its “in-warranty” status. Otherwise, the Effective Date of this Limited Warranty
will be the date of manufacture of the water heater plus ninety (90) days.
GENERAL
Rheem Sales Co. Inc., Inc. warrants its products to be free from factory defects in materials and workmanship, under normal use and
service, for the Applicable Warranty Period. At its option, Rheem Sales Co. Inc. will repair or replace the defective water heater, or defective
component part(s), in accordance with the terms of this Limited Warranty, if it fails in normal use and service during the Applicable Warranty
Period. The replacement water heater must be manufactured by Rheem Sales Co. Inc.. The replacement component part(s) must be Rheem
Sales Co. Inc. authorized component part(s). The replacement unit will be warranted only for the unexpired portion of the original unit’s
Applicable Warranty Period.
WARRANTY EXCLUSIONS
This Limited Warranty will not cover:
a) Service trips to your home to teach you how to install, use, or maintain this water heater or to bring the water heater installation into compliance with local
building codes and regulations.
b)Damages, malfunctions or failures resulting from failure to install the water heater in accordance with applicable building codes/ordinances or good plumbing
and electrical trade practices.
c) Damages, malfunctions, or failures resulting from improper installation or failure to operate and maintain the water heater in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions provided.
d)Performance problems caused by improper sizing of the water heater or electric service voltage, wiring, or fusing.
e)Damages, malfunctions, or failures caused by operating the water heater with modified, altered, or unapproved parts installed.
f) Damages, malfunctions, or failures caused by abuse, accident, fire, flood, freeze, lightning, acts of God, and the like.
g) Tank failures (leaks) caused by operating the water heater in a corrosive or contaminated atmosphere.
h)Damages, malfunctions, or failures caused by operating the water heater with an empty, or partially empty, tank (also known as “dry firing”).
i) Damages, malfunctions, or failures caused by operating the unit at water temperatures exceeding the maximum setting of the operating, or high limit, control.
j) Tank failures caused by operating the water heater when it is not supplied with potable water, free to circulate at all times.
k) Damages, malfunctions or failures caused by subjecting the tank to pressures greater than those shown on the rating label.
l) Damages, malfunctions or failures resulting from the use of any attachment, including any energy saving device, not authorized by Rheem Sales Co. Inc..
m)Units installed outside the fifty states (and the District of Columbia) of the United States of America and the provinces of Canada without prior authorization
from Rheem Sales Co. Inc..
n)Units that have had their rating labels removed. A water heater should not be operated if the rating label is removed.
LABOR, SHIPPING, AND PROCESSING COSTS
This Limited Warranty does not cover any labor expenses for service, repairs, reinstallation, permits, or removal and disposal of the failed water
heater, or defective component part(s). All such expenses are your responsibility.
Rheem Sales Co. Inc. will pay the transportation costs for an “in-warranty” replacement water heater, or “in-warranty” replacement component
part(s), to a convenient delivery point (selected by Rheem Sales Co. Inc.) near the place the original water heater, or original component part(s),
is located. You must pay any local freight charges, including the cost of returning the failed water heater, or defective component part(s) to a
convenient shipping location (selected by Rheem Sales Co. Inc.).
Rheem Sales Co. Inc. does not authorize, recommend, or receive any benefit from any claims processing or similar fees charged by others to
process warranty claims for any Rheem Sales Co. Inc. water heater or component part(s). Rheem Sales Co. Inc. will not reimburse any party for
these, or any other, fees not specifically covered in this Limited Warranty document.
THE EFFECTIVE DATE
The Effective Date of warranty coverage (or the beginning of the Applicable Warranty Periods) is the date of installation of the water heater, if
properly documented. If you are not able to provide the documentary proof of the date of original installation, the Effective Date will be the
date of manufacture of the water heater plus 90 days.
21
APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIODS
Category
Application
• O
wned by the original purchaser with proof of purchase
• A
nd Water heater is registered online within 90 days of
the installation date
• T he original purchaser does not have proof of purchase;
or
ome is not owned by the original purchaser or
Single family • H
dwelling
• Installed in the Caribbean Islands (except Cuba) In accordance with applicable US law, this product must not be
sold or re-sold into Cuba or to the Cuban government
or Cuban nationals. This limited warranty is void with
respect to any products installed in Cuba or otherwise
sold in violation of US law.
MR & MTS Series
MHD Series
Tank
Parts
Tank
Parts
Extended*
LIFETIME
Extended*
6 years
Extended*
LIFETIME
Extended*
6 years
10 Years
1 year
10 years
1 year
10 years
1 Year
10 years
1 year
5 years
1 year
5 years
1 year
• The unit is part of a rental program; or
• T he unit is moved from its original installation location
• A residential rental property; or
• Installed in a commercial building
Commercial
• Any agricultural application (ex dairy barn)
• A
ny application where the water is used as a part of an
industrial or commercial process
* Extended warranty is provided to original customer after online product registration under residential installation
HOW TO MAKE A CLAIM
Any claim for warranty assistance must be made promptly. First, determine if your water heater is “in-warranty” (that is, within
the Applicable Warranty Period). You can determine your unit’s warranty status by obtaining the complete model number, the
complete serial number, and the date of installation of your water heater by contacting Rheem Sales Co. Inc. Water Heaters’
Warranty Department (telephone (800) 432-8373) during normal business hours to determine if the Applicable Warranty Period
has expired. If your water heater is “in-warranty”, contact the plumber, or mechanical contractor, that installed it for assistance
with the warranty repairs, or replacement, required. You may also select a plumber, or mechanical contractor, from your local
Yellow Pages to assist you. Rheem Sales Co. Inc. Technical Service personnel are available to assist you by telephone (800)
432-8373 to answer your questions about the operation or repair of your water heater during normal business hours. Be
prepared to provide the plumber, mechanical contractor, or Rheem Sales Co. Inc.
Technical Service person you call with the complete model number, the complete serial number, and the date of installation of
your water heater in addition to an explanation of your water heater problem. If an exact replacement is not available, Rheem
Sales Co. Inc. will provide you with the current model of your water heater, or component part(s), or a replacement unit with
comparable operating features. If government regulations or industry certification or similar standards require the replacement
water heater, or replacement component part(s), to have features not found in the defective water heater, or the defective
component part(s), you will be charged for the difference in price represented by those required features. If you pay the price
difference for those required features and/or to upgrade the size and/or other features available on a replacement new water
heater, you will also receive a complete new Limited Warranty (with the full Applicable Warranty Period) for the replacement new
water heater. Rheem Sales Co. Inc. reserves the right to inspect, or require the return of, the failed water heater or the defective
component part(s). Each “in-warranty” failure water heater must be made available to Rheem Sales Co. Inc. (with the rating
label and all the component parts intact) in exchange for the replacement water heater. Each defective “in-warranty” component
part to be replaced may be required to be returned to Rheem Sales Co. Inc. in exchange for the replacement component
part. Warranty compensation is subject to validation of “in-warranty” coverage by Rheem Sales Co. Inc. Claims Department
personnel.
• To obtain warranty compensation for an “in-warranty” water heater failure, you must provide Rheem Sales Co. Inc. with: (at Rheem
Sales Co. Inc. option) either the failed water heater (with the rating label and all the component parts intact) or the complete
original rating label (photocopies are not acceptable) removed from the failed water heater; the complete model number and the
complete serial number of the Marathon water heater that replaced the failed unit; and the date the original water heater failed.
You may also be required to provide documentary proof of the failed water heater’s date of installation to establish its “in-warranty”
status.
•
22
To receive warranty compensation for an “in-warranty” defective component part, you must provide WHI with: (at Rheem Sales Co.
Inc. option) either the defective component part or the part number on the failed component part; the complete model number
and the complete serial number of the Marathon water heater from which the defective component part was removed; and the
date the defective component part failed. You may also be required to provide documentary proof of the date of installation of the
Marathon water heater from which the defective part was removed – or the date of purchase of the part (if it was purchased separately) - to establish the “in-warranty” status of the defective component part.
Warranty claim documentation should be mailed promptly to Rheem Sales Co. Inc., Warranty Department,
Rheem Sales Co. Inc.
1241 Carwood Ct
Montgomery, Al. 36117
FOR YOUR RECORDS
Owner Information
Name
Address
Plumber / Mechanical Contractor – Installer Information
Name
Address
Telephone Number
Water Heater Information
Model Number
Serial Number
Date of Installation
How to Register You Product:
Step 1:
1.
2.
Go to www.rheem.com/warranty
Click Start Registration
Step 2:
1. Click on the Water Heater icon to begin.
23
How to Register Your Product:
Step 3:
1. Enter the fields on the screen
• Warranty Type choices are
• Standard
• Protection Plus Kit Installed
• For Marathon products, always select:
• Standard
• Install Date is captured but not used to change
the warranty periods. Registration uses manufacturing date. The owner of the water heater
is still required to provide proof of purchase/
ownership at the time of claim if the install date
is after the registration date.
• Property type choices are:
• Residential
• Business
• 2. Click Next
Step 5:
1. Enter contractor information if it is available.
2. Click Next
Step 6:
1. Review confirmation page and make any necessary edits. Once verified click Finish.
Notice the disclaimer at the bottom that explains
the proof of purchase/owner is required at the
time of claim if install date is greater than manufacture date.
Step 4:
1. F
or Property Type Residential enter the fields
on the screen
2. Click Next
Step 7:
1. You will recieve a confirmation email.
Notice the same disclaimer appears on the confirmation email
24
NOTES:
25
NOTES:
26
NOTES:
27
IF YOU NEED SERVICE
1.Should you have any questions about your new storage tank, or if it requires
repair, or routine maintenance, it is suggested that you first contact your
installer, plumbing contractor or previously agreed upon service agency. In the
event the firm has moved, or is unavailable, refer to the telephone directory,
commercial listings or local utility for qualified service assistance.
2. Should your problem not be solved to your complete satisfaction, you should
then contact the Manufacturer’s National Service Department at the following
address:
Rheem Sales Co. Inc.
1241 Carwood Ct
Montgomery, Al. 36117
When contacting the manufacturer, the following information will be requested:
a. Model and serial number of the storage tank as shown on the rating plate attached
to the jacket of the unit.
b. Address where the storage tank is located and physical location in the dwelling.
c. Name and address of installer and any service agency who performed service on
the storage tank.
d. Date of original installation and dates any service work was performed.
e. Details of the problems as you can best describe them.
f. List of people, with dates, who have been contacted regarding your problem.
28
Additional service information can be found at www.rheem.com.
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