EXCELSIOR
High Efficiency
Oil Fired Hot Water Boiler
INSTALLATION, OPERATION &
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
Dunkirk BOILERS
85 Middle Road
Dunkirk, NY 14048
www.dunkirk.com
An ISO 9001-2000 Certified Company
R
MEMBER: The Hydronics Institute
P/N# 240007135, Rev. D [1/09]
EXCELSIOR OIL-FIRED CAST IRON HOT WATER BOILER
Model No.
DK4EXA075
DK5EXA100
DK6EXA130
DK7EXA165
These instructions must
be affixed on or adjacent
to the boiler.
OIL FIRED BOILERS
These boilers are low pressure, sectional cast iron boilers constructed and hydrostatically tested for a maximum working pressure of 65 psi in
accordance with A.S.M.E. (American society of Mechanical Engineers) Section IV Standards for cast iron heating boilers. They are capacity
rated in accordance with the code of the I=B=R (Hydronics Institute).
!
WARNING
NOTICE
Read all instructions carefully before starting the installation.
Failure to follow these instructions exactly, may result in causing a fire or explosion, property damage, personal injury or
loss of life.
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY AND KEEP
IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE BY A
SERVICE TECHNICIAN.
INTRODUCTION
The boiler is a natural draft oil fired hot water boiler comprised of cast iron sections. The boiler is available with 4, 5, 6 or 7 cast iron sections.
These sections are held together by push nipples and threaded rods.
The boiler family is capable of firing #2 fuel oil from 0.75 gph up to 1.65 gph. All packaged boilers include a Honeywell aquastat, temperature
and pressure gauge, 30 psi relief valve and drain valve.
IMPORTANT SAFETY WARNING FOR FIBERGLASS & CERAMIC FIBERS
!
WARNING
WARNING
This product contains refractory ceramic fibers
(RCF). RCF has been classified as a possible human carcinogen. After this product is fired, RCF
may, when exposed temperature greater than
1800°F, change into a known human carcinogen.
When disturbed as a result of servicing or repair,
RCF becomes airborne and, if inhaled, may be
hazardous to your health.
This product contains fiberglass wool. Fiberglass has been classified as a possible human
carcinogen. When disturbed as a result of servicing or repair, fiberglass becomes airborne and,
if inhaled, may be hazardous to your health. May
cause irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory
tract. Adhere to the following precautions and
procedures.
!
AVOID INHALING FIBER PARTICULATES AND DUST.
Precautionary measures:
Do not remove or replace fiberglass or previously fired RCF (combustion chamber insulation, target walls,
breech gasket, flue cover gasket, etc.) or attempt any service or repair work involving RCF or fiberglass without
wearing the following protective gear:
1.
2.
3.
4.
A national Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respirator.
Long sleeved, loose fitting clothing
Gloves
Eye protection
• Take steps to assure adequate ventilation.
• Wash all exposed body areas gently with soap and water after contact.
• Wash work clothes separately from other laundry and rinse washing machine after use to avoid contaminating other clothes.
• Discard used RCF components by sealing in air tight plastic bag.
+
First Aid Procedures:
• If Contact with eyes: Flush with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention if irritation persists.
• If contact with skin: Wash affected area gently with soap and water. Seek immediate medical attention if irritation
persists.
• If breathing difficulty develops: Leave the area and move to a location with clean fresh air. Seek immediate medical
attention if breathing difficulties persists.
• If Ingestion occurs: Do not induce vomiting. Drink plenty of water. Seek immediate medical attention.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Rules For Safe Installation And Operation.............................................................................................................5
Before You Start.......................................................................................................................................................7
Boiler Ratings & Capacities.....................................................................................................................................8
Locating The Boiler..................................................................................................................................................9
Installation Requirements................................................................................................................................... 10
Fresh Air For Combustion..................................................................................................................................... 11
Assembling The Boiler.......................................................................................................................................... 13
Equipment And Accessories ................................................................................................................................ 18
Boiler System Piping............................................................................................................................................ 20
Piping Diagrams................................................................................................................................................... 21
Fuel Oil Piping....................................................................................................................................................... 33
Antifreeze In The System . ................................................................................................................................... 34
Electrical Connections.......................................................................................................................................... 35
Chimney And Chimney Connections................................................................................................................... 37
Operating The Boiler - System Start-Up............................................................................................................. 40
Oil Burner, Nozzle, & Air Settings........................................................................................................................ 46
Maintenance......................................................................................................................................................... 49
Oil Boiler / Burner Cleaning Instructions . .......................................................................................................... 51
Oil Burner Cleaning.............................................................................................................................................. 52
Troubleshooting................................................................................................................................................... 53
4
Rules For Safe Installation And Operation
The following terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards at various risk levels, or to important
information concerning product life. These symbols are based on
ANSI Z535.6 standard for product literature.
!
!
!
All boilers must be installed in accordance with National, State or
Provincial and Local plumbing, heating and electrical codes and the
regulations of the serving utilities. These codes and regulations may
differ from this instruction manual. Authorities having jurisdiction
should be consulted before installations are made. In all cases, reference should be made to the followings standards:
DANGER
USA BOILERS
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, WILL result in death, serious injury or substantial
property damage.
•Current Edition of American National Standard ANSI/NFPA
31, “Installation of Oil Burning Equipment”, for recommended
installation practices.
•Current Edition of American National Standard ANSI/NFPA
211 “Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances” for venting requirements.
•Current Edition of American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME CSD-1, “Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically
Fired Boilers” for assembly and operations of controls and
safety devices.
•All wiring on boilers installed in the USA shall be made in accordance with the National Electrical Code and/or local regulations.
WARNING
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in death, serious injury or substantial property damage.
CAUTION
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in injury or property damage.
CANADIAN BOILERS
•Current Edition of Canadian Standards Association CSA B139,
Installation Code for Oil Burning Equipment” for recommended installation practices.
•All wiring on boilers installed in Canada shall be made in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code C22.2 and/or local
regulations.
NOTICE
Indicates special instructions on installation, operation or
maintenance which are important but not related to personal
injury hazards.
!
WARNING
DANGER
DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors or
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance. DO NOT
use gasoline crankcase drainings or any oil containing gasoline.
!
5
This boiler has been designed for residential installations. If
used for commercial applications, all jurisdictional requirements
must be met. This may require wiring and/or piping modifications. The manufacturer is not responsible for any changes to
the original design.
RULES FOR SAFE INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
WARNING
!
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service or maintenance can cause property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
Failure to follow all instructions in the proper order can cause personal injury or death. Read and understand all instructions,
including all those contained in component manufacturers’ manuals which are provided with the appliance before installing,
starting-up, operating, maintaining or servicing this appliance. Keep this manual and literature in legible condition and posted
near appliance for reference by owner and service technician.
This boiler requires regular maintenance and service to operate safely. Follow the instructions contained in this manual.
Installation, maintenance and service must be performed only by an experienced, skilled and knowledgeable installer or service
agency.
All heating systems should be designed by competent contractors and only persons knowledgeable in the layout and installation
of hydronic heating systems should attempt installation of any boiler.
Installation is not complete unless a pressure relief valve is installed into the 3/4” tapping located on supply manifold. (See
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER - Trim & Controls and Water Boiler Piping Sections of this manual for details.)
It is the responsibility of the installing contractor to see that all controls are correctly installed and are operating properly when
the installation is complete.
The boiler is suitable for installation on combustible flooring. Do not install boiler on carpeting.
Do not tamper with or alter the boiler or controls.
Inspect flue ways at least once a year- Preferably at the start of the heating season. The inside of the combustion chamber, the
vent system and boiler flue ways should be cleaned if soot or scale has accumulated. When cleaning this boiler, take precaution to
avoid damage to burner swing door insulation. If damaged, or if there is evidence of previous damage, burner swing door insulation must be replaced immediately.
Oil Burner and controls must be checked at least once a year or as may be necessary.
Do not operate unit with controls using jumpers or absent controls or safety devices.
Do not operate unit if any control, switch, component or device has been subject to water.
Appliance materials of construction, products of combustion and the fuel contain alumina, silica, heavy metals, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, aldehydes and /or other toxic or harmful substances which can cause death or serious injury and which are
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects and other reproductive harm. Always use proper safety clothing,
respirators and equipment when servicing or working nearby the appliance.
This product contains fiberglass wool and ceramic fibers. Possible cancer hazard. May cause irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract. To avoid this hazard, wear a dust mask and gloves when handling fiberglass and ceramic fibers.
NOTICE
Surface rust on cast iron sections may be attributed to the manufacturing process as well as condensation during storage. Surface
rust is normal and does not affect the performance or longevity of a boiler.
6
Before You Start
SAFE INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
1. Read the Owner’s Manual for Safe Operation carefully. Failure
Inspect the shipment carefully for any signs of damage. All
equipment is carefully manufactured, inspected and packaged. Our
responsibility ceases upon delivery of crated boiler to the carrier
in good condition. Any claims for damage or shortage in shipment
must be filed immediately against the carrier by the consignee. No
claims for variances form, or shortage in orders, will be allowed by
the manufacturer unless presented within sixty (60) days after receipt
of goods.
to follow the rules for safe operation and the instructions can
cause a malfunction of the boiler and result in death, serious
bodily injury, and/or property damage.
2. Before servicing, allow boiler to cool. Always shut off any electricity and oil supply to the boiler when working on it.
3. Inspect oil line and connections for leaks.
4. Verify oil burner nozzle is the proper size. Over-firing will
result in early failure of the boiler sections, and result in a potentially dangerous situation.
5. Never vent this boiler into an enclosed space. Always vent to the
outside. Never vent to another room or inside a building.
6. Be sure there is adequate air supply for complete combustion.
7. Follow a regular service and maintenance schedule for efficient,
safe and reliable operation.
8. Be aware when piping the relief valve that if the system pressure
exceeds the safe limit of 30 pounds per square inch, the relief valve
will automatically lift open. Lifting of the relief valve can discharge
large quantities of steam and hot water, which may damage the
surroundings. Before installing the relief valve read the manufacturer’s instructions and maintenance section of the manual on relief valves. The safety relief valve must be piped to a safe location.
Check with authorities having jurisdiction.
9. Installation and sizing of the expansion tank must consider the
heating systems total water volume, temperature, boiler initial
fill pressure, and system arrangement. An improperly installed
and sized expansion tank may result in frequent lifting of the
relief valve or other heating system problems. For proper installation, sizing, and maintenance of the expansion tank follow
the guidelines established by the boiler manufacturer and the
expansion tank manufacturer.
10. Expansion tank performance and life expectancy can be
hindered by overfilling the boiler. The boiler manufacturer
recommends an initial fill pressure of 10-12 PSIG. For higher
fill pressures the expansion tank’s air charge will need to be
increased to match the fill pressure. Consult the expansion tank
manufacturer’s guidelines for sizing and selection.
11. Purging the heating system of air and gases when first putting
the boiler into service is critical for proper circulation and quiet
performance. Once the air is purged, for boiler installations
using float type vents, the air vents should be closed for normal
operation. If air is heard or noticed by a loss of heat, purge the
system and open the vents for a short period of time.
Complete all of the following prior to installing the boiler:
A. Check to be sure you have selected the right size boiler with the
proper capacity. The I=B=R rating of the boiler selected should
be greater than or equal to the calculated peak heating load (heat
loss) for the building or area(s) served by the boiler and associated
hot water heating systems. See boiler rating and capacity table
previously listed in this manual. Any heat loss calculations used
should be based on approved methods.
B. Boiler must be supplied with the proper oil supply and oil piping,
sufficient fresh combustion air, and a suitable electrical supply.
C. Boiler must be connected to a suitable venting system and a piping
system adequate to distribute the heating load.
D. A thermostat must be properly located and installed for control of
the heating system.
NOTICE
If you cannot confidently address the requirements in
this manual, check with local authorities and obtain
professional help where needed. The OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS and MAINTENANCE sections
in this manual are vital to the proper and safe operation
of the heating system. Take the time to be sure they are
all done.
7
Boiler Ratings & Capacities
This low pressure oil fired hot water boiler is constructed and hydrostatically tested for a maximum working pressure of 65 PSIG (pounds per
square inch gauge) in accordance with the latest revision of the A.S.M.E. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IV Standards for heating boilers.
The Heating Capacity indicates the amount of heat available after subtracting the losses up the stack. Most of this remaining heat is available
to heat water. A small portion is heat from the jacket and surfaces of the boiler and it is assumed that this heat stays in the structure. The Net
I=B=R Rating represents the portion of the remaining heat that can be applied to heat the radiation or terminal units (i.e. finned tube baseboard, cast iron radiators, radiant floor, etc.). The difference between the Heating Capacity and the Net I=B=R Rating, called the piping and
pickup allowance, establishes a reserve for heating the volume of water in the system and offsetting heat losses from the system piping. The Net
I=B=R Ratings shown are based on a piping and pickup factor of 15% in accordance with the I=B=R Standard as published by the Hydronics
Institute. The Net I=B=R Rating of the boiler selected should be greater than or equal to the calculated peak heating load (heat loss) for the
building or area(s) served by the boiler and associated hot water heating systems. The manufacturer should be consulted before selecting a
boiler for installations having unusual piping and pickup requirements.
TABLE 1: OIL-FIRED HOT WATER BOILERS - RATINGS & CAPACITIES
Number of
Sections
Firing
Rate
GPH
Input
MBTU
Heating
Capacity
MBH
Net
I=B=R
Rating
MBH
MAWP
Water
(PSIG)
Pump
PSIG
AFUE
Min.
relief
Valve
Cap
Max.
Water
Temp
Chimney
Size
(Round)
Chimney
Size
(Square)
Flue
Size
4
0.75
105
90
79
65*
140
86.0
90
250°F
6”
6 3/4”
5”
5
1.00
140
120
105
65*
140
86.5
120
250°F
6”
6 3/4”
5”
6
1.30
182
157
136
65*
140
86.5
157
250°F
7”
8”
5”
7
1.65
231
198
172
65*
175
85.8
198
250°F
7”
8”
6”
* Standard boiler is supplied with a 30psig relief valve.
Standard boiler Aquastat is 220°F maximum.
For boiler dimensions, see Table 2A and Figure #1.
For burner settings & nozzle sizes, see Oil Burner, Nozzle & Air Settings section.
8
Locating The Boiler
1. Locate the boiler in front of the final position before removing
the crate.
6. For minimum clearances to combustible materials, see Figure
#1 and Table 2B.
2. Locate the unit so the vent pipe connection to chimney will be
short and direct.
7. Fresh air for combustion and ventilation must be available at the
boiler. Ventilating and combustion air must enter boiler room
without restrictions.
3. The Boiler is suitable for installation on combustible floor. Boiler
cannot be installed on carpeting.
8. Be sure installation is in accordance with the requirements of
the local authorities having jurisdiction. Compliance with these
regulations is required. In the absence of local codes, in the United
States, follow NFPA 31 Installation of Oil Burning Equipment,
latest revision. In Canada, use CSA B 139, latest revision.
4. For basement installation, provide a solid elevated base, such as
concrete, if floor is not level, or if water may be encountered on
floor around boiler.
5. Provide recommended service clearance, if applicable, as
follows:
9. Clearance to venting is for single wall flue pipe. If Type L vent is
used, clearance may be reduced to the minimum required by the
vent pipe manufacturer.
Clearance from Jacket Front Panel
•
24” for servicing burner
Clearance from Jacket Side Panels
•
24” for burner swing door, if opened fully with burner mounted,
otherwise 2” with burner removed.
TABLE 2B: BOILER CLEARANCES
Clearance From Jacket Rear Panel
•
TABLE 2A: BOILER DIMENSIONS
Section
Height
Depth
Combustible Clearance
Unit
12” minimum for rear smoke box cleaning. (Note: this dimension
will also be controlled by horizontal to vertical to horizontal
smoke pipe arrangement. See Figure #1.
Width
Accessibility, Cleaning,
and Servicing
Top
12”
24”
Right Side
2”
24”
Left Side
2”
24”
Floor
Combustible
No Requirement
4
34 1/4”
17 3/4”
17 3/4”
Front
17”
24”
5
34 1/4”
20 7/8”
17 3/4”
Back
See Flue
18”
6
34 1/4”
24 1/8”
17 3/4”
7
34 1/4”
27 1/2”
17 3/4”
All distances measured from the boiler jacket or flue.
COMBUSTIBLE
CONSTRUCTION
9”
9”
24”
17 3/4”
9”
Table 2A
Table 2B
SEE
TABLE
12”
See
See
2”
9”
9”
34 1/2”
15”
9
9”
NON-COMBUSTIBLE
CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1 - Clearances to Combustible Construction
Installation Requirements
NOTICE
Always keep the manual fuel supply valve shut off if the burner is
shut down for an extended period of time.
Figure 2 - General Requirements for a typical installation
10
Fresh Air For Combustion
c. Horizontal Ducts: Minimum free area of 1 square inch per
2,000 BTU per hour input of all equipment in space. Duct crosssectional area shall be same as opening free area.
Alternate method for boiler located within confined
space: Use indoor air if two permanent openings communicate
directly with additional space(s) of sufficient volume such that
the combined volume of all spaces meet criteria for unconfined
space. Size each opening for minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 1,000 BTU per hour input of all equipment in spaces, but not
less than 100 square inches.
WARNING
!
Adequate combustion and ventilation air must be provided to
assure proper combustion and to maintain safe ambient air temperatures. Do not install boiler where gasoline or other flammable
vapors or liquids, or sources of hydrocarbons, (i.e. Bleaches &
fabric softeners) are used or stored.
NOTICE
If you use a fireplace or a kitchen or a bathroom exhaust fan, you
should install an outside air intake. These devices will rob the
boiler and water heater of combustion air.
6. Louvers and Grilles of Ventilation Ducts
a. All outside openings should be screened and louvered. Screens
used should not be smaller than 1/4 inch mesh. Louvers will prevent the entrance of rain and snow.
1. Determine volume of space (boiler room). Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed,
through openings not furnished with the doors, are considered a
Volpart of the space.
3
ume (ft ) = Length (ft) x Width (ft) x Height (ft)
b. Free area requirements need to consider the blocking effect of
louvers, grilles or screens protecting the openings. If the free
area of the louver or grille is not known, assume wood louvers
have 20-25% free area and metal louvers and grilles have 60-75%
free area.
2. Determine total input of all appliances in the space. Add inputs of
all appliances in the space and round the result to the nearest 1000
BTU/hr.
c. Louvers and grilles must be fixed in the open position, or interlocked with the equipment to open automatically during
equipment operation.
3. Determine type of space. Divide Volume by total input of all appliances in space. If the result is greater than or equal to 50 ft3/1000
BTU/hr, then it is considered an unconfined space. If the result is
less than 50 ft3/1000 BTU/hr, then the space is considered a confined space.
4. When a boiler is located in an unconfined space of a conventionally constructed building, the fresh air infiltration through cracks
around windows and doors normally provides adequate air for
combustion and ventilation.
Figure 2A - AIR OPENINGS FOR BOILER LOCATED IN
CONFINED SPACE (Utility Room)
5. Provide outdoor air for boiler located in a confined space or an unconfined space in a building of unusually tight construction. Outdoor air may be provided with the use of two permanent openings
which communicate directly or by duct with the outdoors or spaces
(crawl or attic) freely communicating with the outdoors. Locate one
opening within 12 inches of top of space. Locate remaining opening within 12 inches of bottom of space. Size each opening per the
following:
a. Direct communication with outdoors:
Minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 BTU per hour
input of all equipment in space.
b. Vertical Ducts: Minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000
BTU per hour input of all equipment in space. Duct cross-sectional area shall be same as opening free area.
11
FRESH AIR FOR COMBUSTION
FRESH AIR DUCT CAPACITIES FOR DUCTS SUPPLYING FRESH AIR TO BOILER IN TIGHTLY
CONSTRUCTED HOUSES
TABLE 3: FRESH AIR DUCT CAPACITIES
Through Louvers
¼” Mesh
Screen
Wood
Louvers
Metal
Louvers
(Btuh)*
(Btuh)*
(Btuh)*
3 ½” x 12”
144,000
36,000
108,000
8” x 8”
256,000
64,000
192,000
8” x 12”
384,000
96,000
288,000
8” x 16”
512,000
128,000
384,000
Fresh Air
Duct Size
*Btuh = British Thermal Units per hour based on
opening covered by ¼” mesh screen , wood louvers,
or metal louvers.
Figure 2B
12
Assembling The Boiler
1. Remove Crate
5. Inspect Swing door insulation and rope gasket.
A. Remove all fasteners at crate skid.
B. Lift outside container and remove all other inside protective
spacers and bracing. Remove burner and miscellaneous parts
boxes.
2. Remove Boiler from skid. Boiler is secured to base with 4
screws. Remove all securing hardware.
3. Move boiler into permanent position by sliding or walking into place.
!
A. Inspect fiber rope located on the swing door. The rope must
be evenly distributed around the perimeter of the door groove
and cannot bunch or overhang. There must not be a gap where
the two ends of the rope meet. Repair or replace if the rope is
damaged or if there is a gap between the ends.
B. Inspect burner swing door insulation for damage.
C. By design, the combustion chamber and raised portion between the 2nd and 3rd pass flue ways should make an impression in door insulation.
D. Do not close and secure door at this time.
CAUTION
Do not drop boiler. Do not bump boiler jacket against floor.
Figure 2C - Reversible Hinge
4. Open the burner swing door. Throughout this manual, you
will be instructed to open and close the burner swing door for various reasons. There is a proper and improper method to closing and
securing the burner swing door opened for inspection, cleaning or
field service.
A. Loosen and remove non-hinged side latching hardware.
B. Remove hinged side latching hardware.
C. Door can be swung to the fully open position, approximately.
90 to 120 degrees, with the burner mounted providing that
there is 22” of clearance to the adjacent wall.
!
EYEBOLT & NUT
AS HINGE
5/8 BOLT
(BOLT INTO FRONT SECTION)
CAUTION
EYEBOLT & NUT
AS HINGE
If burner door is lifted when opened, it can come off it’s hinges.
NOTICE
NOTICE
If reduced clearance prevents the door from opening fully, one
of the following can provide full access:
For the purpose of these instructions, all pipe connections shall
use pipe dope or Teflon tape to assure water tight connections
unless otherwise instructed. For steps 6 thru 16, refer to Figure
#6.
Burner can be removed to allow full rotation of door.
Door with burner mounted can be lifted off hinges and set aside
during servicing.
The door mounting hardware is reversible from left side hinge (as
shipped) to right side hinge. To reverse the hinge arrangement:
(See Figure #2C)
Lift door off mounting eye bolts and set aside.
Remove mounting eye bolts from left side.
Move door mounting eye bolts to right side.
Tighten both sets of hardware.
Lift door and place integral cast hinge pins on door into slotted
mounting bracket holes.
NOTICE
It is recommended that hinges should be on same side as flexible
oil line in order to swing the door open.
6. Open accessory carton and remove contents. Identify the
components using the illustrations throughout this section as
applicable to your installation.
7. Remove top panel. Remove sheet metal screws securing the top
panel to jacket rear panel. Slightly lift rear of jacket top panel away
from side panels. If the boiler is equipped with a lifting hinged
front panel, push the top panel toward the rear of the boiler and
lift off of side panels to gain access to internal control panel.
8. Locate the shorter of the two 1 1/4” nipples. Thread thru
the insulation slot into supply port in rear of boiler. Locate the 1
1/4” x 90° elbow and assemble onto nipple. Be sure connections
are tight and outlet is facing directly up. See Figure #3.
9. Locate the longer of the two 1 1/4” nipples. Assemble onto
elbow. See Figure #3.
13
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER
Figure 3
Figure 4
16. Install Relief Valve (Refer to Figure #5)
!
A. Locate 3/4”NPT x 90° elbow. Install elbow using 3/4” NPT
boss on rear of control manifold. Elbow must be installed with
outlet facing directly up. Install relief valve with outlet facing
either horizontally right or left of boiler.
B. Pipe discharge of relief valve. Installation of the relief valve
must be consistent with ANSI/ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV.
WARNING
No valve may be installed between boiler and controls
manifold or safety relief valve.
10. Locate the cast iron supply manifold shown in Figure
#6. Flow arrow must point up. Thread onto the long nipple.
Using hex head on top, tighten manifold until NPT bosses for
Aquastat well and Temp / Pressure gauge are facing toward
ront of boiler and joint is water tight.
11. Install Low Water Cut Off. (Optional pre-wired kit- If not
used, install 3/4” NPT plug provided in parts bag.) See Figure
#6.
12. Install High Temp Limit Manual Reset. (Optional pre-wired
kit - If not used, install 1/2” NPT plug provided in parts bag).
See Figure #6.
13. Install Temperature / Pressure Gauge. Install into lower
front NPT port. See Figure #6.
14. Install Aquastat Control Mounting Plug in upper NPT port
facing front. See Figure #6.
15. Install Aquastat Control & Harness Assembly. Loosen
mounting screw on bottom of case. Mount control on mounting plug and tighten screw to secure control as shown in Figure
#4. (Shown without LWCO.) Install sensor in well in top of last
section of boiler. Force sensor to bottom of well and secure with
clip. See Figure 3A
WARNING
!
Relief valve discharge piping must be piped near floor to
eliminate potential of severe burns. DO NOT pipe in any
area where freezing can occur. DO NOT install any shut
of valves, plugs or caps.
Figure 5 - Relief Valve
17. Check Installation of Liners. (Not all models)
A. Check oval or V-shaped liner. See Figure #7 & #8. If installing
the oval liner, use a rubber mallet to tap it into place. It should
be flush with the front edge of the heat exchanger fins.
B. To install flue way baffles in 3rd pass, slide baffle in flue way
until position tab touches the casting between the 2nd and 3rd
Pass flue way. See Figure #9.
Figure 3A
14
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER
Figure 6 - All Optional Accessories Shown
Controls Manifold
!
WARNING
No valves may be installed between boiler and controls
manifold or safety relief valve.
High Temp Limit
Manual Reset
(Optional)
Relief Valve
Aquastat Mounting Plug
Aquastat Control
Low Water
Cut Off
(Optional)
Temp/Press Gauge
Port
TABLE 4: CONTROLS MANIFOLD PORT SCHEDULE
Port Size
Description
A
B
C
D
E
1/4” NPT
3/4” NPT
1/2” NPT
3/4” NPT
3/4” NPT
Temperature Pressure Gauge
Low Water Cut Off (Optional)
High Temperature Limit Manual Reset (Optional)
Relief Valve
Aquastat Control Mounting Plug
15
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER
CAUTION
!
These baffles will generate higher efficiencies and lower
stack temperatures. Under certain conditions, a lower gross
stack temperature entering the chimney has the potential
to be cooled below the dew point and create condensate on
interior surfaces. Flue gas condensate is corrosive, which
requires special consideration and must be addressed immediately. DO NOT install baffles until you have read the
section regarding Venting completely.
Figure 7 - Liner Baffle
18. Connect the Field Wiring. See Section Electrical Connec-
tions as well as Figure #10 & #11.
A. Route the wire harnesses from the LWCO (optional), the
High Level Manual Reset (optional) and the harness from
the Aquastat through the rear jacket panel. (See Figure #11)
Connect the molex plugs on the end of each wire harness to its
respective plug on the control panel.
B. If the optional Low Water Cut Off and/or optional High
Temperature Limit Manual Reset are not used, ensure supplied
jumpers are installed. See Figure #11.
C. Connect the wiring harness from the Aquastat to the circulator. See Figure #10.
D. 120 volt power supply field wiring will enter through jacket
rear panel.
E. Wire the power supply as shown in Figure #11. Connect the
green wire to the grounding lug. When installing the wiring
through the hole in the control panel, be sure to use an anti
abrasion cable clamp. Connect black “hot” wire to L1 of terminal block, white “N” wire to L2 of terminal block.
19. Install the Top Panel. Place on top of side panels and position the top panel overhanging to the front of the control panel.
Push top panel toward the back of the boiler. Insert the round
tabs into the holes in the top of the side panels. Install rear panel
screws.
20. Install the Drain Valve. Install drain valve with hose connection facing right or left. This allows clearance for the swing door
to open and close with the drain and hose attached. Be sure the
connection is water tight. See Figure #12.
Figure 8 - V-Shaped Baffle
Figure 9 - 3rd Pass Baffles
BAFFLES & LINERS
Sections
4
5
6
7
Liner
Liner Length Baffles
O TYPE
N/R
V TYPE
V TYPE
4”
N/R
12”
14”
9”
12”
15”
NONE
16
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER
(GREEN TO
GROUND SCREW)
BLACK TO YELLOW
WHITE TO WHITE
Circulator wiring
Figure 11 - Control Box Wiring
!
WARNING
Ensure all conduit is secured to prevent contact with flue pipe.
SUPPLIED JUMPERS
AQUASTAT CONTROL HARNESS
120 VAC POWER
BURNER HARNESS
17
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER
Figure 12 - Drain Valve
NOTICE
When securing burner swing door, make sure door is
drawn-in equally on both sides.
C. Failure to follow the prescribed procedure could cause thread
damage to casting or a leak in the door seal. If hinged side is
tightened before the unhinged side, the hinged side of door
cannot be drawn to provide an air-tight seal. Applying excessive torque will only cause thread damage.
22. Install oil burner.
A. Open Burner carton and remove contents.
B. Check oil nozzle in burner for size, angle and type, inspect
electrode settings, check head setting, check air band and air
shutter settings. (See Oil Burner Settings section of this
manual.)
21. Close the burner swing door.
A. Use one hand to help hold door in position by applying
pressure directly to the door while re-installing the securing
hardware with your opposite hand. Always install non-hinged
side latching hardware first, then install hinged side hardware
second. Apply additional pressure while hand tightening the
hardware as far as possible, then release the pressure.
!
CAUTION
DO NOT install burner without gasket
C. Place oil burner gasket on face of burner swing door with the 4
burner flange bolts installed part way.
D. Align round part of key hole slots of burner flange with burner
door bolts. Turn burner to lock in place.
E. Tighten all 4 cap screws using a diagonal sequence.
F. Plug burner power cord into power harness.
G. Attach flexible oil hose included in parts box.
B. Use a hand wrench to tighten door hardware and always start
with the non-hinged side first. Use an alternating tightening
method from non-hinged side to hinged side to tighten door
equally until sealed without applying excessive torque. Never
tighten hinged side flange bolt first or tighten either piece of
hardware 100% without using the alternating tightening method
described above.
Equipment And Accessories
CONVENTIONAL EXPANSION TANK (not provided)
In a properly assembled system, the expanding water flows into an
expansion tank. The expansion tank should be sized correctly because an improperly installed or sized expansion tank may result in
frequent lifting of the relief valve or other heating system problems.
It is important to install the tank higher than the top of the boiler.
The connecting pipe from the boiler to the expansion tank shall rise
continuously up to the expansion tank so that air can rise into the
expansion tank.
An expansion tank is partially filled with air. The air compresses as
water expands, thus forming an air pressure cushion. This “springlike” cushion serves to maintain correct operating water pressure
regardless of water temperature. This assures a “full measure” of
water, even in the highest radiation unit of the system. The tank also
serves as a trap for excess air in the system. The air can cause noises
in the pipes and inefficient circulation in the radiators if left in the
piping system.
It is possible for a tank to become “waterlogged” (filled with water).
It can also become overfilled with air when filling the system with
new water. Fittings on the tank and in the line to the tank are for
bleeding off excess air and water.
18
Equipment And Accessories
DIAPHRAGM EXPANSION TANK (not provided)
CIRCULATOR
The diaphragm type expansion tank takes the place of the conventional expansion tank. Carefully read the instructions packed with
your tank assembly. The expansion tank should be sized and installed
correctly. An improperly installed or sized expansion tank may result
in frequent lifting of the relief valve or other heating system problems.
Every forced hot water system requires a circulator. A separate
circulator or zone valve is required for each zone, if there are two
or more zones. The circulator must have the capacity to provide the
circulation required by the heating system. The circulator should be
connected to the supply main and must be wired into the boiler’s
electrical system. See the “System Piping” section for piping configurations with the circulator located on the supply main piping using
zone circulators or zone valves. When the piping is arranged with
zone circulators and no bypass piping, the circulator provided with
the boiler may be used as a zone circulator. Both piping arrangements allow the circulator to pump away from the expansion tank
and show how the piping should be arranged to allow the heating
system to be easily purged of air. The circulator can be installed on
the return side of the boiler, if preferred.
The tank typically comes with a 10-12 psig air charge. This is the same
as the pressure produced in the system by an automatic fill valve set
to fill the boiler to 10-12 psig with fresh water. When the system is
first filled, the tank will fill partially with water. As the water is heated,
and system pressure increases, the water expands into the tank and
compresses the air in the tank. This compressed air cushion permits
the water in the system to expand as the temperature changes and
assures a “full measure” of water, even in the highest radiation unit of
the system. The diaphragm type expansion tank can be mounted on
the air purger fitting or at any other convenient place in the supply or
return line. It is recommended to locate the diaphragm type expansion
tank in the supply line with the circulator located after the expansion
tank. This configuration allows the circulator to “pump away” from
the expansion tank for improved air elimination and system performance. The air eliminator fitting or air purger is not provided. The air
eliminator fitting or air purger is used to help remove air from the system before it reaches the radiators. It should be installed in the supply
line. Air left in the system can cause noises in the pipes and inefficient
circulation in the radiators.
Figure 13A - Grundfos Pump Curve
5
15
4
m Head
2
MAIN AIR VENT: (not provided)
Before a system is filled with water, there is air in the pipes and
radiation units. Some of the air will be trapped as the system is filled.
It is possible to eliminate most of this air through the air vents on the
radiation units. A main air vent will speed and simplify this process.
The main air vent should be installed on the highest point in the supply main.
AUTOMATIC FILL VALVE (not provided)
For safe, efficient operation, a hot water system must be filled with
water. Adding new water, when needed can be done manually (by
use of a hand valve in the water supply line). This requires regular
attention to the system’s needs. An automatic fill valve or pressure
reducing valve accomplishes this without attention. It is installed in
the supply line on hot water boilers only. The valve operates through
water pressure differentials. It does not require an electrical connection.
1
10
Head (feet)
3
5
0
US GPM
5
10
15
3
1
2
3
m /h
Model
UP 15-42F
Watts Volts Amps
85
115
0.74
20
4
5
Capacitor
10µF/180V*
*Supplied with pump
Figure 13B - Taco Pump Curve
AQUASTAT RELAY CONTROL (provided)
The water temperature limit control in the aquastat relay is adjustable. See Aquastat instructions for how to set the limit temperature.
DRAIN VALVE (provided)
The drain valve is a manually operated valve that provides a means
of draining all the water from the boiler and heating system. It is
installed in the casting below the burner door.
Model
007-F5
19
Volts Amps
115
0.70
Capacitor
Supplied w/ pump
Boiler System Piping
!
NOTICE
Failure to pipe boiler correctly may result in excessive noise and
other related problems.
Existing water system evaluation
first install all of the radiation units (panels, radiators, baseboard, or tubing) and the supply and return mains. After all
heating system piping and components have been installed,
make final connection of the system piping to the boiler. It is
recommended to mount the circulating pump on the supply side
piping, such that it pumps away from the expansion tank. Refer
to the figures on the next pages.
1. Causes of oxygen contamination may be:
5. A hot water boiler installed above radiation level must be
equipped with a low water cut off device. A periodic inspection
is necessary, per manufacturers specific instructions.
6. When connecting the cold water supply to the pressure reduc-
ing valve, make sure that a clean water supply is available. When
the water supply is from a well or pump, a sand strainer should
be installed at the pump.
Bypass Piping
WARNING
!
The use of a low water cut off device is recommended.
4. When the installation of the boiler is for a new heating system,
A good system will prevent oxygen contamination of boiler water.
A. Addition of excessive make up water as a result of leaks.
B. Absorption through open tanks and fittings.
C. Oxygen permeable materials in the distribution system.
2. To ensure long product life, oxygen sources must be eliminated.
Take the following measures:
A. Repairing system leaks.
B. Eliminate open tanks from the system.
C. Eliminate and/or repair fittings which allow oxygen absorption.
D. Use non-permeable materials in the heating system.
WARNING
For this section, refer to the Piping Diagrams for illustrations.
System supply and return piping must be connected to correct
boiler fittings. The boiler manufacturer recommends sizing the
system circulator to supply sufficient flow (GPM) to allow a 20°F
temperature differential in the system. When sizing the system
circulator, the single most restrictive zone should be used to
determine maximum pressure drop.
NOTICE
Bypass piping may be required for applications listed below.
Failure to do so may cause damage due to thermal shock and sustained condensation within the boiler and void the warranty.
This high efficiency cast iron low mass boiler must be protected
from sustained operation of return water temperatures lower than
130°F (54C). Occasionally, temperatures as low as 70°F (21C)
may return back to the boiler as a zone that has not been activated
for some time is opened. However, most residential systems with
finned-tube (aluminum-copper) baseboard radiation contain a low
volume of water and will not adversely affect the boiler. Systems with
finned-tube baseboard radiation typically do not require a bypass.
Connect system supply and return piping to boiler
See PIPING DIAGRAMS. Also, consult I=B=R Installation and
Piping Guides.
1. If this boiler is used in connection with refrigeration systems,
the boiler must be installed so that the chilled medium is piped
in parallel with the heating boiler using appropriate valves to
prevent the chilled medium from entering the boiler. See piping diagram 12. Also, consult I=B=R installation and Piping
Guides.
2. If this boiler is connected to heating coils located in air handling units where they may be exposed to refrigerated air, the
boiler piping must be equipped with flow control valves to
prevent gravity circulation of boiler water during the operation
of the cooling system.
3. If a low water cut-off is required, it must be mounted in the
3/4” supply manifold tapping or in the system piping above the
boiler. The minimum safe water level of a hot water boiler is
just above the highest water containing cavity of the boiler; that
is, a hot water boiler must be full of water to operate safely.
The bypass piping details shown in the piping diagrams MUST be
used for any one of the following conditions:
A. All large water content systems, including cast iron standing
radiators, cast iron baseboard, converted two-pipe steam systems, converted gravity circulation systems and other similar
systems.
B. Any system, including finned-tube baseboard, with a priority
domestic hot water zone.
A ¾ inch bypass line must be installed as shown in the piping diagrams for the systems identified above.
20
BOILER SYSTEM PIPING
NOTICE
A bypass valve cannot protect the boiler from sustained condensing operation for low temperature applications such as radiant floor heating.
These types of system require active controls that prevent the return of cold return water to the boiler. Consult your local heating specialist.
In addition, refer to the Radiant Panel Association (RPA) www.radiantpanelassociation.org for piping recommendations for non-condensing
boiler applications.
Piping Diagrams
Diagram 1 - Standard Piping Near the Boiler
!
*
WARNING
No valve may be installed between boiler and controls
manifold or safety relief valve.
TO SYSTEM
CONTROLS
MANIFOLD
EXPANSION
TANK
*
DRAIN
VALVE
HOSE
BIB
FRONT
OF
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
CHECK VALVE
AIR SEPARATOR
FROM
SYSTEM
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
21
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 2 - Single Zone system with domestic hot water DHW priority
CH CIRCULATOR
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
DHW
CIRCULATOR
DHW Heater
BOILER
PRIORITY ZONE
HOSE BIB
FLOW CONTROL
VAVLE
CIRCULATOR
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
22
AIR SEPARATOR
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 3 - Multizone Piping With Zone Valves And Domestic Hot Water Priority (With Zone Valve)
ZONE 4
ZONE 3
ZONE 2
CH & DHW
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
WATER INLET
BOILER
*USE FULL PORT ZONE
VALVE. FOR OPTIMUM TANK
PERFORMANCE, CONSIDER
USING ZONE CIRCULATOR
(SEE FIGURE 5)
EXPANSION
TANK
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
AIR SEPARATOR
ZONE VALVE
23
HOSE BIB
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 4 - Multizone System With Zone Valves And Domestic Hot Water Priority (With Circulator)
ZONE 4
ZONE 3
*USE FULL PORT ZONE
VALVE.
ZONE 2
CH
CIRCULATOR
DHW
CIRCULATOR
WATER INLET
BOILER
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
EXPANSION
TANK
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
24
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 5 - Multizone System With Circulators And Domestic Hot Water Priority
ZONE 4
CIRC 4
ZONE 3
CIRC 3
ZONE 2
CIRC 2
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
WATER INLET
DHW CIRCULATOR
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
25
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 6 - Primary/Secondary Piping With Circulators And Domestic Hot Water
ZONE 4
ZONE 3
ZONE 2
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
DHW PUMP
12" MAX APART
(TO PREVENT FORCED
FLOW IN SECONDARY)
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
PRIMARY
PUMP
(CH & DHW)
ALTERNATE PUMP
LOCATION
BOILER
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
CIRCULATOR
(PUMP)
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
26
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 7 - Primary/Secondary Multizone System Piping With Zone Valves And Domestic Hot Water (With Zone
Valve)
ZONE 4
ZONE 3
ZONE 2
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
*USE FULL PORT ZONE
VALVE. FOR OPTIMUM TANK
PERFORMANCE, CONSIDER
USING ZONE CIRCULATOR
(SEE FIGURE 13)
12" MAX APART
(TO PREVENT FORCED
FLOW IN SECONDARY)
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
ALTERNATE BOILER
CIRCULATOR
LOCATION
BOILER
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
27
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 8 - Primary/Secondary Piping With Zone Valves And Domestic Hot Water (With Circulator)
*USE FULL PORT ZONE
VALVE.
ZONE 4
ZONE 3
ZONE 2
CH CIRCULATOR
PUMP
ZONE 1 (PRIORITY ZONE)
DHW
CIRCULATOR
PUMP
12" MAX APART
(TO PREVENT FORCED
FLOW IN SECONDARY)
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
PRIMARY
PUMP
BOILER
ALTERNATE
PRIMARY PUMP
LOCATION
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
CIRCULATOR
PUMP
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
28
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 9 -Bypass piping (automatic mixing valve)
FROM SYSTEM
TO SYSTEM
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
ALTERNATE
CIRCULATOR
LOCATION
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
AIR SEPARATOR
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
3 WAY MIXING
VALVE
HOSE BIB
29
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 9 - Bypass Piping (Fixed Low Temp Only)
Adjust the two throttling valves to maintain at least 130°F - 140°F in the boiler return.
FROM SYSTEM
TO SYSTEM
V1
V2
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
ALTERNATE
CIRCULATOR
LOCATION
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
BALL VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ZONE VALVE
30
AIR SEPA
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 10 - Bypass Piping (4-Way Valve Option With Circulator On Supply Side)
TO SYSTEM
FROM SYSTEM
WATER INLET
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
PRESSURE
REDUCER VALVE
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
CHECK VALVE
ALTERNATE
CIRCULATOR
LOCATION
BALL VALVE
4-WAY MIXING
VALVE
31
AIR SEPARATOR
HOSE BIB
FLOW CONTROL
VALVE
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Diagram 11 - Recommended Piping for Combination Heating and Cooling (Refrigeration) System
WATER CHILLER
BOILER
SHUT OFF
VALVES
SHUT OFF
VALVES
AIR CUSHION
TANK
CIRCULATOR
SUPPLY MAIN TO
COMBINED HEATING
& COOLING SYSTEM
RETURN MAIN FROM
COMBINED HEATING
& COOLING SYSTEM
32
Fuel Oil Piping
Connect Oil Lines To Boiler
1. Use flexible oil lines so the burner swing door can be opened
without disconnecting the oil supply piping.
2. A supply line fuel oil filter is required as a minimum for all firing rates but a pleated paper fuel filter is recommended for the
firing rates below 1.0 gph to prevent nozzle fouling.
3. Use flared fittings only.
4. When using copper, cast iron fittings cannot be used.
5. Use of a high efficiency micron filter (Garber or equivalent) in
addition to a conventional filter is highly recommended.
6. Piping used to connect the oil burner to the oil supply tank shall
not be smaller than 3/8” iron pipe or 3/8” OD copper tubing.
Copper tubing shall have a .032” minimum wall thickness.
NOTICE
Some jurisdictions require the use of a fusible shutoff valve at the
tank and/or the burner. In addition, some jurisdictions require
the use of a fusible electrical interlock with the burner circuit.
Check your local codes for special requirements.
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
Figure 14 - Single Pipe
OilPIPE
Line
SINGLE
OIL SYSTEM
!
APPROVED FITTINGS
WARNING
Under no circumstances can copper with sweat style connectors be used
SWING JOINTS
BAROMETRIC
DRAFT CONTROL
VENT PIPE
REFER TO NATIONAL
BOARD OF FIRE UNDERWRITERS
FILLER
PIPE
NOTICE
MINIMUM
OIL GAUGE
Do not use compression fittings. Oil piping must be absolutely
air tight or leaks or loss of prime may result. Bleed line and fuel
unit completely. Refer to your local jurisdictions regarding any
special considerations for fuel supply requirements. In addition,
refer to NFPA 31 (U.S.) or CSA B139 (Canada)
OIL TANK
UTICA
BOILERS
BOILER
OIL BURNER
SHUT OFF VALVE
OIL LINE MUST BE BURIED OR
OTHERWISE PROTECTED FROM
DAMAGE. MINIMUM 3/8" IPS OR
3/8" O.D. COPPER TUBING
OIL FILTER
Single Oil Pipelines
1. Standard burners are delivered as single-stage , single pipe
installation (with the bypass plug removed.)
2. The single-stage fuel unit may be installed single-pipe with
gravity feed or lift. Maximum allowable lift is 8 feet. See Figure
#14.
3. Fuel Oil Line Deaerator- On many occasions a leaky oil delivery
line can introduce air into the fuel oil supply system. This often
creates a rough starting condition and can create a burner lockout state. In addition to fixing the leak, a fuel line deaerator can
be installed to eliminate air. The single line from the fuel tank is
connected to the deaerator. The burner pump must be connected to the deaerator as a two pipe system, typically requiring the
installation of the bypass plug. Follow the oil pump manufacturer’s recommendations for conversion to a two pipe system.
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
Figure 15 - Double
Pipe Oil Line
TWO PIPE OIL SYSTEM
APPROVED
FITTINGS
FILL
PIPE
BAROMETRIC
DRAFT CONTROL
SWING
JOINTS
SHUT OFF VALVE
OIL FILTER
SUCTION
LINE
OIL
TANK
CHECK
VALVE
UTICA
BOILERS
BOILER
*
OIL BURNER
REFER TO LOCAL
CODE
33
RETURN LINE
OIL LINE MUST BE BURIED OR
OTHERWISE PROTECTED FROM
DAMAGE. MINIMUM 1/2" IPS OR
1/2" O.D. COPPER TUBING
FUEL OIL PIPING
Antifreeze In The System
TABLE 5: TWO STAGE UNITS, TWO PIPE SYSTEMS
(SEE FIGURE #15)
Maximum Length of Tubing “R”
LIFT “H”
3/8” O.D.
Tubing (3 GPH)
1/2” O.D.
Tubing (3 GPH)
0
93 FT.
100 FT.
2
85 FT.
100 FT.
4
77 FT.
100 FT.
6
69 FT.
100 FT.
8
60 FT.
100 FT.
10
52 FT.
100 FT.
12
44 FT.
100 FT.
14
36 FT.
100 FT.
16
27 FT.
100 FT.
18
---
76 FT.
Antifreeze added to boilers must be nontoxic, and must be of a
type specifically intended for use in closed hydronic heating systems.
Under no circumstances should automotive antifreeze be used. Antifreeze used in any boiler may reduce capacity by 10% or more and
increase fuel consumption. Refer to Table 6 & Table 7.
TABLE 6:
BOILER WATER VOLUMES
Number of
Total Volume
Boiler Section
(Gallons)
4
3.6
5
4.3
6
5.1
7
5.9
TABLE 7: PIPING WATER VOLUMES
PIPE SIZE
½”
¾”
1”
1 ¼”
1 ½”
2”
COPPER PIPE
FACTOR
82.5
40.0
23.3
15.3
10.8
6.2
STEEL PIPE
FACTOR
63.5
36.0
22.2
12.8
9.5
5.8
Divide total length of piping in feet by appropriate factor
in table to determine volume in gallons.
34
Electrical Connections
DANGER
!
Positively assure all electrical connections are not powered before
attempting installation or service of electrical components or connections of the boiler to building. Lock out all electrical boxes with
padlock once power is turned off.
WARNING
!
Failure to properly wire electrical connections to the boiler may
result in serious physical harm. Electrical power may be from more
than one source. Make sure all power is off before attempting any
electrical work. Each boiler must be protected with a properly sized
fused disconnect. Never “jump out” or make inoperative any safety
or operating controls.
Figure 17 - Wiring Schematic 240007363
35
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
Figure 18 - Wiring Diagram 240007363 - All Models (Optional Equipment Shown)
36
Chimney And Chimney Connections
For oil fired boilers with connections to vents or chimneys, vent installations shall be in accordance with applicable provisions of NFPA31 INSTALLATION OF OIL BURNING EQUIPMENT, latest revision, (U.S.) or CSA B139 (Canada) and applicable provisions of local building codes.
NOTICE
Fresh air (ventilation) is important to proper venting. Ventilation
and venting are two parts of the same system. Inadequate ventilation will result in inadequate venting. Always be sure to have enough
ventilation to ensure proper venting.
TABLE 8: RECOMMENDED MINIMUM CHIMNEY SIZES
FIRING RATE
(gph)
CHIMNEY
HEIGHT (ft)
NOMINAL
CHIMNEY
ROUND
LINER INSIDE
SQUARE
LINER INSIDE
0.60 -1.30
15
8” x 8”
6”
6 ¾” x 6 ¾”
1.31 -1.80
15
8” x 8”
7”
6 ¾” x 6 ¾”
1.81 -2.00
20
8” x 8”
8”
6 ¾” x 6 ¾”
For elevations above 2,000 feet above sea level, add 3 feet to the chimney heights.
CHIMNEY VENTING
1. Chimney venting is an important part of a safe and efficient oil
fired appliance system. Requirements of NFPA31 – Standard
for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment and NFPA 211 –
Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances for installations in the United States and the
requirements of CSA B139 – Installation Code for Oil-burning
Equipment. (Installations in Canada) must be met.
2. Ensure that there is sufficient draft during the entire heating
season to allow for the safe evacuation of flue gasses.
3. The boiler can be vented into a fireclay tile-lined masonry chimney constructed from type L vent or a factory built chimney that
complies with the type HT requirements of UL103. See Figure
#20 for recommended installation.
4. Chimney Inspection – Prior to the installation of any new or
replacement fuel burning equipment the chimney shall be inspected by a qualified installer. The chimney shall be examined
by a qualified person in accordance with the requirements of
NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid
Fuel Burning Appliances or CSA B139.
!
WARNING
A. Loose Mortar – Loose mortar could be an indication of prior
history of condensing flue gases upon the inside walls of the
chimney. Colder climates are more susceptible to this condition. Under no circumstances shall a chimney of this condition be used until it meets the requirements of NFPA 211 or
CSA B139.
B. Unlined Chimney – Under no circumstances shall a chimney
constructed of brick only be used. Only approved clay liners
or listed chimney lining systems shall be used as specified in
NFPA 31 or CSA B139
C. Abandoned Openings – Openings through the chimney wall
that are no longer used shall be sealed in accordance to NFPA
211. Often abandoned openings are improperly sealed and
usually covered by a gypsum wall covering.
D. Clean Chimney – Chimney shall be free of all loose debris.
5. Install draft regulator at least 18” above breach. At least 18” of
straight run up stream of regulator will ensure proper operation.
6. Draft Regulator – the draft regulator supplied with the boiler
must be used with this appliance. No other draft regulator shall
be used. Refer to Figure #19.
De-rating the appliance may cause condensation on the interior
walls of the chimney and the boiler.
37
CHIMNEY AND CHIMNEY CONNECTIONS
3. Overfire pressure- Measure pressure in 1/4”NPT test port. The
Vent pipe
3-pass boilers have higher pressure drop then a single pass.
Table 8A shows the expected pressure drop between the overfire
and breech. Add together. (IE draft= -0.05 INWC breech = 0.05,
total pressure drop = 0.10 INWC) See Figure #21.
1. A Vent pipe is used to connect the boiler to the chimney. The
vent pipe should be kept as short as possible. The horizontal
length of the vent pipe should not be greater than 10 feet.
2. Type L Vent pipe – a type L vent or other suitable material shall
be used for a vent pipe if the flue temperature is less than 570°
F.
3. Attach vent pipe and flue adaptor ring with three screws. Predrill cast iron flue collar to prevent cracking.
4. The 4,5 & 6 section boilers have a sheet metal flue collar spacer
included in the accessory carton.
Table 8A:
Pressure drop between overfire & breech
Sections
Baffle In
Baffle Out
4
5
6
7
5. Canadian versions have a vent spill switch kit included.
The chimney and connector shall be inspected annually for signs
of debris and corrosion. Loose mortar at the base of the chimney
may be a sign of condensate damage to the chimney. A chimney
professional shall be contacted immediately to examine the damage and recommend a solution. Long term operation while in this
condition may cause a venting failure and force flue gases into
the living space. If the chimney is to be re-lined, use the recommendations in NFPA31, Appendix E or CSA B139.
DRAFT
1. The natural draft generated through a chimney is dependent on
several factors including, chimney height, temperature of flue
gases, cross section area of chimney, chimney wall insulation
value, dilution air and total volume of flue gases. Make sure
that the boiler has been running for at least 5 minutes before
measuring the draft.
2. Minimum Draft at Breech – The draft induced by a chimney
must create at least a pressure of 0 (zero) inches water column
(INWC) at the breach. The pressure at the breach cannot be
positive since this could create a condition that allows flue gas
by-products to escape from the draft regulator. Draft is to be
measured up stream of the draft regulator. (See the Burner
Specifications section at the rear of this manual for more details.)
!
0.03-0.05
0.05-0.08
0.09-0.16
0.07-0.16
STACK TEMPERATURE
DANGER
!
0.03-0.05
0.05-0.08
0.09-0.16
N/A
4. The higher the stack temperature, the greater the amount of
draft that can be generated. A lower stack temperature not
only reduces the amount of draft that can be created but it also
increases the possibility that the flue gases could condense in
the chimney connector or stack.
5. NFPA 31 and CSA B139 have information to help the installer
make an appropriate choice of venting materials. In some
cases, a chimney may have to be lined to create sufficient draft.
In other cases, the chimney may have to be lined to prevent the
corrosion of a masonry chimney. Consult with a chimney specialist knowledgeable on the requirements for chimney requirements in your area.
6. Baffles – The efficiency of the boiler is based on the insertion
of flue baffles supplied with 4,5 & 6 section units. The baffles
are installed in the 3rd pass (two inner flueways). Refer to the
ASSEMBLING THE BOILER section for baffle installation.
Remove the baffles to increase the stack temperature.
!
DANGER
Any signs of condensate seepage at the base of the chimney shall
be inspected immediately. The discoloration may be a sign of
chimney damage and must be remedied immediately.
38
WARNING
Remove the baffles if there are any signs of condensation in the
chimney or chimney connector. Removing baffles may not address condensation.
CHIMNEY AND CHIMNEY CONNECTIONS
Figure 19 - Proper Draft Vent Locations
Figure 21 - Pressure Tapping for Checking Draft
Figure 20 - Typical Chimney Locations
1/4”NPT TEST PORT
FOR OVERFIRE
MEASUREMENT
39
Operating The Boiler - System Start-Up
WARNING
!
All boilers equipped with burner swing door have a potential hazard which can cause severe property damage, personal injury or loss of life if
ignored. Before opening swing door, turn off service switch to boiler to prevent accidental firing of burner outside the combustion chamber.
Be sure to tighten swing door fastener completely when service is completed. In addition, the burner power cord will have to be disconnected
from the wire harness in the front jacket. Completely read, understand and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to start
up boiler.
1. ALWAYS INSPECT INSTALLATION BEFORE STARTING
G. When zone valve is completely purged of air, close zone valve
or shut-off valve. Open zone valve to the next zone to be
purged. Repeat this step until all zones have been purged. At
completion, open all zone valves.
BURNER
A. Verify that the venting, water piping, oil piping, and electrical
system are installed properly. Refer to installation Instructions contained in this manual.
H. Close purge valve, continue filling the system until the pressure
gauge reads 12 psi. Close shut- off valve in cold water supply
piping.
B. Confirm all electrical, water and oil supplies are turned off at
the source and that the vent is clear from obstructions.
2. FILL HEATING SYSTEM WITH WATER
!
NOTICE
It is important to properly remove the oil and dirt from the water
system. Failure to clean the system can result in clogged air vents,
circulator damage and seized zone valves.
J. Remove hose from purge valve.
K. Confirm that the boiler and system have no water leaks. Jacket
and insulation may be installed after the boiler is piped and
leak tested.
L. It may be necessary to clean the air vent assembly after a few
days of operation.
3. CHECK CONTROLS, WIRING AND BURNER. Be sure that
all connections are tight and burner is rigid, that all electrical
connections have been completed and fuses installed, and that
oil tank is filled and oil lines have been tested.
A. Close full port ball valve in boiler system piping.
B. Isolate all zones by closing zone valves or shut-off valves in
supply and return of each zone(s).
C. Attach a hose to vertical purge valve in boiler system supply
piping up stream from the full port ball valve. (NOTE – Terminate hose in five gallon bucket at a suitable floor drain or
outdoor area).
The maximum operating pressure of this boiler is posted on the
ASME Data Label located on the front lower leg of the boiler.
Never exceed this pressure. Do not plug relief valve.
I. Open full port valve in boiler system piping.
CLEAN HEATING SYSTEM if boiler water is dirty. Refer to Maintenance and Service Instructions Section of this manual for proper
cleaning instructions for water boilers.
Fill entire heating system with water and vent air from system. Use
the following procedure on the series loop or multi- zoned system
installed as per PIPING DIAGRAMS, to remove air from system when filling:
WARNING
4. ADJUST AQUASTAT CONTROL SETTINGS. Set burner
service switch turned to “ON” and room thermostat set to 10°
below room temperature.
A. On the L7248A, the overall range of the High limit is from
180°F to 220°F (82 C to 104 C). Later models may have greater
range.
D. Starting with one zone at a time, open zone valve or shut-off
valve in boiler supply and return piping.
B. Set the High Limit (HL) on the L7248A Aquastat Control at
180°F. This temperature setting may be varied to suit requirements of installation. Differential is fixed at 15°F.
E. Open purge valve.
F. Open shut-off valve in cold water supply piping located between the air scoop and expansion tank.
I. Adjusting the Aquastat settings:
40
OPERATING THE BOILER - SYSTEM START-UP
Figure 22 - Aquastat
TABLE 9: AQUASTAT DISPLAY
TEXT
DESCRIPTION
DISPLAY
bt
Boiler Temperature
bt
HL
High Limit
HL
err
Error Code
Err
f
Degrees Fahrenheit
°F
c
Degrees Celsius
°C
Control Operating Characteristics
The L7248A can be in any three (3) operational states: Normal, High
Limit and Error. The controller moves back and forth from HighLimit to Normal state as part of normal operation. The controller
will enter the Error state when there is an abnormal condition. The
operating states are:
•To discourage unauthorized changing of Aquastat settings, a
procedure to enter the adjustment mode is required. To enter
the adjustment mode, press the UP, DOWN, and I buttons (see
Figure #22) simultaneously for three (3) seconds. Press the ‘I’
button until the feature requiring adjustment is displayed:
High limit
°F -- °C
•Then press the UP and/or DOWN buttons to move the set
point to the desired value. After 70 seconds without any button
inputs, the control will automatically return to the READ mode.
•Normal: Boiler temperature has dropped below the high limit
setting (minus the differential) and has not exceeded the high
limit setting.
•High-Limit: Boiler temperature has risen above the high limit
setting and has not dropped below the high limit setting (minus
the differential).
•Error: The controller has detected an error condition (e.g., open
sensor) and has shut down the burner output. The controller
continues to monitor the system and automatically restarts if
the error condition clears. See Table 10.
For aquastat troubleshooting, see end of manual.
TABLE 10: ERROR CODES
II. Display:
In the RUN mode, the Aquastat will flash “bt” (boiler temp.) followed
by the water temperature (i.e., 220), followed by °F or °C. To read
boiler settings, press the “I” key to read the parameter of interest. For
example, press I and HL (High Limit) is displayed, followed by a threedigit number, i.e., 220, followed by °F or °C. See Table 9 for Display
Readout Definitions.
After approximately 60 seconds without any key pressed, the display
will enter a dim display mode. To return to the bright display mode,
simply press any key.
Error
Code
Cause / Action
Err1
Sensor fault; check sensor.
Err2
ECOM fault; check EnviraCOM wiring.
Err3
Hardware fault; replace control.
Err4
B1 fault; check B1 wiring/voltage
Err5
Low Line; check L1-L2; 110 VAC
Err6
Fuse; check ECOM wires, replace fuse
Err7
EEPROM,HL,LL,LDF;reset to default values. Restore desired settings.
Err8
Repeated B1 fault (voltage present at B1
when output is turned off); check B1 wiring/
voltage
•The operating sequence for L7248A is described next and shown
in Table 11.
41
OPERATING THE BOILER - SYSTEM START-UP
The switching action in the L7248A control has one setting, the
high limit. The switching relay is controlled by the low voltage room
thermostat. On a call for heat, the relay contacts close to complete
the line voltage circulator circuit and also the burner circuit if the
boiler water temperature is below the high limit setting. The high
limit switch shuts off the burner if boiler water temperature exceeds
the high limit setting. The circulator will continue to operate as long
as the thermostat is calling for heat. The high limit automatically
rests after the water temperature drops below the set point minus the
differential.
D. Attach a plastic hose to fuel pump vent fitting and provide a
pan to catch the oil.
2. START OIL BURNER
A. Open vent fitting on fuel pump. (See Pump Priming Cycle,
4.B.II)
B. Press red reset button on front of oil primary cover, hold for 30
seconds and release to reset primary control, if required.
C. Turn on burner service switch and allow burner to run until oil
flows from vent fitting in a SOLID stream without air bubbles
for approximately 10 seconds.
D. Close vent fitting and burner flame should start immediately
after pre-purge is completed. Pre-purge prevents burner flame
until 15 seconds has elapsed after initial power is applied to
burner. During pre-purge the motor and igniter will operate but the oil valve will remain closed. (Refer to Oil Primary
Control Instructions,)
E. Adjust oil pressure.
I. When checking a fuel unit’s operating pressure, a reliable pressure gauge may be installed in either the bleeder port or the
nozzle port.
Table 11: L7248A Controller
Operating Sequence
Action
System Response
Thermostat calls
for heat.
Circulator starts. Boiler temperature
is checked. Burner starts.
Boiler exceeds
the high limit.
Burner is turned off. Burner restarts
when the water temperature drops
below the high limit setting minus the
differential.
Thermostat is
satisfied.
Circulator and burner turned off.
Burner (AFG) post-purge is 15
Error
Condition
If an error condition is detected, all
outputs are shut down. Burner is
off. Control continues to function
and restarts when error is corrected.
During the error check sequence, the
system checks for drift in the sensor
and corrosion in the connections.
II. Locate oil pressure adjusting screw and turn screw to obtain
proper pump pressure, refer to Burner Settings section of
this manual.
III.To check the cut-off pressure, deadhead a reliable pressure
gauge onto the copper connector tube attached to the nozzle
port. Run the burner for a short period of time. Shut the
burner off. The pressure should drop and hold.
IV.Remove the gauge and install bleeder port and/or reconnect
the nozzle port line.
3. ADJUST OIL BURNER WHILE OPERATING.
1. ADJUST OIL BURNER BEFORE STARTING. (AFG)
NOTICE
These instructions are for Beckett AFG. For other burners, refer
to the manufacturer’s manual. The nozzle and air setings are
given in Table 14. For direct vent installation guide, see Direct
Vent Addendum.
A. Refer to burner manufacturer’s manual for details.
B. Check burner air band, air shutter and head setting (if
equipped), readjust if necessary, see Burner Settings section
of this manual.
C. Open all oil line valves.
42
A. Adjust Draft Regulator for a breech draft of -0.5 (preferred) to
0 inches water column after chimney has reached operating
temperature and while burner is running. (At least five minutes) See Burner Settings section of this manual for details.
B. Readjust the air band on burner while the breach draft is -0.5
to 0 inches water column (WC). Use a smoke tester and adjust
air for minimum smoke (not to exceed a trace) with a minimum of excess air. Make final check using suitable instrumentation to obtain a CO2 of 11.5 to 13%. These settings will
assure a safe and efficient operating condition. If the flame
appears stringy instead of solid fire, try another nozzle of the
same type. Flame should be solid and compact. After all adjustments are made, recheck for a draft in the breach. See Burner
Settings section of this manual.
C. Re-adjust the head setting only if necessary.
OPERATING THE BOILER - SYSTEM START-UP
D. Turn off burner and remove pressure gauge. Install gauge
port/bleeder plug and tighten. Start burner again.
!
ton for 30 seconds. When the LED flashes twice, the device
has reset.
WARNING
Do not loosen or remove any oil line fittings while burner is in
operation.
E. FLAME FAILURE: The boiler controls operate the burner
automatically. If for unknown reasons the burner ceases to
fire and the reset button on the primary control has tripped,
the burner has experienced ignition failure.
VII.Diagnostic LED: The indicator light on oil primary control
R7184P provides lockout, recycle and cad cell indications as
follows:
Flashing 1/2 second on, 1/2 second off: system is locked out or in Restricted Mode.
Flashing 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off: control is in Recycle Mode.
WARNING
!
VI.T-T Jumper: All models have pre-installed T-T jumper. Do
not remove jumper.
Do not attempt to start the burner when oil has accumulated in the
combustion chamber or when the unit is full of vapor, or is hot. The
operation of all boiler controls must be checked, before installation of
the boiler is completed.
On: cad cell is sensing flame.
Off: cad cell is not sensing flame.
4. TEST CONTROLS (R7184P)
A. Check thermostat operation. Raise and lower thermostat setting as required to start and stop burner.
B. Verify primary control features using procedures outlined in
instructions furnished with control or instructions as follows:
I. The R7184P (Beckett HW) is a microprocessor-based control.
The indicator light provides diagnostic information for lockout, recycling and patented Cad Cell status. There is a manual
reset button to exit the Lockout Mode and enter the idle Mode.
II. Pump Priming Cycle: To facilitate purging air from the oil
lines and filters, the R7184 can be placed in a purge routine by
pressing and releasing the reset button during the safety check,
delayed valve-on, ignition or carry-over periods.
III.Limited Recycle: This feature limits the number of recycle trials (for each call for heat) to a maximum of three trials. If the flame
is lost three times and does not successfully satisfy a call for heat,
the R7184 locks out.
IV.Limited Reset (Restricted Mode): In order to limit the
accumulation of unburned oil in the combustion area, the
control can only be reset three times. The reset count returns
to zero each time a call is successfully completed.
V. To reset from Restricted Mode: Press and hold the reset but-
43
VIII. Cad Cell Resistance Check: For proper operation it is
important that the cad cell resistance is below 1600 ohms.
During a normal call for heat, once the control has entered the
Run Mode, press and release the reset button. Indicator light
will flash 1 to 4 flashes. See Table below for equivalent cad cell
resistance.
TABLE 12: CAD CELL Resistance When
Sensing Flame
Flashes
Resistance in ohms
1
Less than 400
2
More than 400, less than 800
3
More than 800, less than 1600
4
More than 1600, less than 5000
OPERATING THE BOILER - SYSTEM START-UP
Figure 23 - CAD Cell Location
CAUTION
!
Due to the potential hazard of line voltage, only a trained,
experienced service technician should perform the following
safety checks.
This control contains no field serviceable parts. Do not attempt
to take it apart. Replace entire control if operation is not as
described.
5. Check oil primary controls.
A. Preliminary steps
I. Check wiring connections and power supply.
II. Make sure power is on to the controls.
D. Cad Cell Check : see Figure #23.
III.Make sure limit control is closed.
I. Perform cad cell resistance check as outlined in control feature.
If resistance is below 1600 OHMS and burner runs beyond
safety cut-out time, cad cell is good.
IV.Check contacts between igniter and the electrodes.
V. Check the oil pump pressure.
II. If safety switch shuts down burner and resistance is above 1600
OHMS, turn on power to the boiler. Access cad cell under
igniter, clean face of cad cell and see that cell is securely in
socket. Check gasket around perimeter of igniter lid for proper
seal. If gasket is missing or damaged, replace gasket. Room
light can affect cad cell resistance. Reset safety switch.
VI.Check the piping to the oil tank.
VII.Check the oil nozzle, oil supply, and oil filter.
B. Check safety Features - Safe Start
I. Place a jumper across cad cell terminals.
II. Follow procedure to turn on burner. Burner must not start,
indicator light turns on and control remains in idle Mode.
III.Turn off power. If burner starts and runs beyond safety switch
cut-off time, cell is good. If not, install new cell.
III.Remove jumper.
E. Power Failure Check: After flame is established, turn the power
off to the control / burner. The burner should shut down safely.
When power is restored, a normal ignition sequence should be
started.
C. Simulate Ignition or Flame Failure:
I. Follow procedure to turn on burner.
II. Close hand valve in oil supply line.
III.Failure occurs, device enters Recycle Mode. Indicator light
flashes 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off.
6. Check High temperature Limit ControlJumper Thermostat Terminals. Allow burner to operate until
shut down by limit. Installation is not considered complete
until this check has been made.
IV.Device tries to restart system after approximately 60 seconds.
V. After third Recycle Mode trial, safety switch locks out within
safety switch timing indicated on label and control enters
Restricted Mode. Indicator light flashes 1/2 second on, 1/2
Second off. Ignition and motor stop and oil valves closes.
!
VI.To reset from Restricted Mode: Press and hold the reset button for 30 seconds. When the LED flashes twice, the device
has reset.
44
WARNING
Jumper must be removed after this check!
OPERATING THE BOILER - SYSTEM START-UP
7. IF CONTROLS DO NOT MEET REQUIREMENTS
10. Check optional low water Cut off
control and OPTIONAL MANUAL RESET
TEMPERATURE LIMIT. These are optional kits. Please see
replace control and repeat checkout procedures.
!
instructions for installation, startup check out and maintenance.
CAUTION
Do not run boiler unattended until the following procedure is
completed.
8. NOZZLES AND ELECTRODES: Use the proper size,
Figure #23A shows where these optional kits are plugged into
the control panel.
Figure 23A
spray angle, and spray pattern nozzle. Refer to the recommended nozzle selection charts at the end of this manual. To install a
nozzle, remove the nozzle line electrode assembly, if necessary
remove the retention ring assembly, and then install and tighten
the nozzle. Be careful not to damage the electrode insulators or
bend the electrode tips. After installing the nozzle, reassemble
the nozzle line electrode assembly and set the electrode tip
spacing. The electrode tip spacing may need to be set prior to
reassembling the nozzle line electrode assembly. Refer to the
figures on the following pages for setting the electrode tip spacing on Beckett.
9. FINAL BURNER ADJUSTMENTS: Final burner adjust-
ments must be made using combustion test instruments. Initial
settings for the burner are shown at the back of this manual.
A. Set the burner accordingly. Check the draft breech to verify
that it is between 0.00” WC and -0.05” WC, or otherwise
adjust the draft to -0.05” WC (or less than zero.) After operating 10 minutes to warm up the boiler, use the combustion test
equipment to take a smoke reading in the flue pipe between
the boiler and the draft regulator. The smoke reading should
be zero to a trace (Shell Bacharach Scale). At times a new boiler requires more than 10 minutes to burn clean due to the oil
film on the new heat exchanger. If the smoke reading is zero,
gradually close the burner’s air adjustment to obtain a smoke
reading showing a trace smoke reading. Once the smoke reading is a trace, measure the CO2 and as an insurance margin
increase the air to sufficiently reduce the CO2 by 1/2% to 1%.
B. If a clean fire cannot be obtained, it will be necessary to verify
the burner head alignment. If the fire continues to be smoky,
replace the nozzle.
C. Once the burner is completely adjusted, the burner should be
started and stopped several times to assure good operation
with no fluttering or rumbling. Verify that there are no oil
leaks and then record the nozzle size, oil pressure, combustion
readings, and air settings on a tag or label that can be attached
to the burner or, boiler.
11. CHECK THERMOSTAT OPERATION: The thermostat
location has an important effect on the operation of the boiler system. Be sure to follow the instructions included with your thermostat. Typically, the thermostat is located about five feet above
the floor on an inside wall. The thermostat should be located to
sense average room temperature, so avoid the following:
TABLE 13: Thermostat locations to Avoid
DEAD
HOT SPOTS
COLD SPOTS
SPOTS
Concealed pipes
Concealed pipes
Behind doors
Corners &
alcoves
Fireplace
TV sets
Radios
Lamps
Direct sunlight
Kitchens
or ducts
Stairwell drafts
Door drafts
Unheated room on
other side of wall
Make certain: once the room temperature reaches the selected temperature setting, the thermostat should turn the boiler’s burner off,
and once the room temperature falls a few degrees the boiler starts
operating again.
45
Oil Burner, Nozzle, & Air Settings
NOTICE
All burners use an insertion depth of 2 5/8” and fired at a breech
draft of -0.05 to 0.00 inches W.C. The burner settings provided are
intended for initial start up only. Final adjustment must be made
using combustion test instruments.
Figure 24 - Beckett AFG Burner Electrode Adjustments
Variable (V1, L1) Heads
Boiler
Model
(Electrode to nozzle)
(Head to nozzle)
All
1/16”
7/32” - 9/32”
Dimension “N”
Figure 1 - Beckett AFG Variable (V1) Head Adjustments
and Settings
Dimension “H”
Dimension “Z” For L1, V1 Heads
1 ¾”
46
L2
L2
V1
V1
4
5
6
7
47
NX
NX
NX
4
5
6
15 seconds
Adjustable
Post-Purge
NX2
NX1
NX1
HEAD
Pre-purge
Timings
MODEL
NO.
BOILER
SIZE
15 seconds
Post-Purge
175
140
140
140
PUMP
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
F
F
D
D
NOZZLE
MNF
Nozzle designations: D = DELAVAN
1.65
1.30
1
0.75
FIRING
RATE
(GPH)
H = HAGO
1.25 X 45AS
1.10 X 60AS
0.85 X 60B
0.65 X 60B
NOZZLE
RATE
1.10 X 60B
0.85 X 60B
0.65 X 60B
ALT.
NOZZLE
RATE
F = DANFOSS
H
H
H
NOZZLE
MNF
NX70LD
NX70LC
NX70LC
1.30
1
0.75
FIRING
RATE
(GPH)
175
175
150
PUMP
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
Nozzle designations: D = DELAVAN
2.675
2.675
2.675
INSERT
DEPTH
H
F
D
NOZZLE
MNF
F = DANFOSS
1.0 X 45B
0.75 X 45B
0.60 X 70B
NOZZLE
RATE
H = HAGO
D
D
D
NOZZLE
MNF
TABLE 14B: BECKETT NX (DIRECT VENT) BURNER SETTINGS
AIR
TUBE
2.625
2.625
2.625
2.625
INSERT
DEPTH
15 seconds
2.75 M
2.75 M
3.375 U
3.375 U
STATIC
PLATE
Pre-purge
Timings (fixed)
HEAD
BOILER
SIZE
TABLE 14A: BECKETT AFG BURNER SETTINGS
1.0 X 60B
0.75 X 45AS
0.60 X 70W
ALT.
NOZZLE
RATE
4
1
2
0
0.65
0.85
0.65
2
4
1.5
AIR HEAD
SETTING
2
0
N/A
N/A
“Z” OR
AIR HEAD
SETTING
PRES
SWITCH
(INWC)
10
10
10
7
AIR
AIR
BAND SHUTTER
OIL BURNER, NOZZLE & AIR SETTINGS
40F5
40F5
6
7
48
40BF5
40BF5
5
6
12 seconds
Adjustable
Post-Purge
STD
STD
REVERSE
HEAD
TYPE
Pre-purge
Timings
40BF3
4
BOILER MODEL
SIZE
NO.
150
175
175
150
PUMP
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
D
D
D
D
NOZZLE
MNF
Nozzle designations: D = DELAVAN
1.65
1.30
1
0.75
FIRING
RATE
(GPH)
H = HAGO
1.35 X 60B
1.0 X 45B
0.75 X 60B
0.65 X 60B
NOZZLE
RATE
2.75
2.75
2.75
INSERT
DEPTH
175
175
150
PUMP
PRESSURE
(PSIG)
D
D
D
NOZZLE
MNF
Nozzle designations: D = DELAVAN
1.30
1
0.75
FIRING
RATE
(GPH)
H = HAGO
1.0 X 45B
0.75 X 60B
0.65 X 60B
NOZZLE
RATE
1.0 X 45W
0.75 X 60B
0.60 X 60B
ALT.
NOZZLE
RATE
F = DANFOSS
H
H
D
NOZZLE
MNF
2
1
3
8
5
5
AIR
SHUT
SETTING
4
2
1
1
AIR HEAD
SETTING
AIR
HEAD
SETTING
1.0 X 45W
0.75 X 60B
0.60 X 60B
ALT.
NOZZLE
RATE
F = DANFOSS
D
H
H
NOZZLE
MNF
TABLE 14D: RIELLO 40BF (DIRECT VENT) BURNER SETTINGS
Electric air shutter
Post-Purge
2.75
12 seconds
2.75
STD
2.75
2.75
INSERT
DEPTH
STD
STD
REVERSE
HEAD
TYPE
Pre-purge
Timings
40F3
40F5
4
5
MODEL
NO.
BOILER
SIZE
TABLE 14C: RIELLO 40F BURNER SETTINGS
0.9
0.8
0.25
PRES
SWITCH
(INWC)
8
3.6
2.4
3.6
AIR SHUT
SETTING
OIL BURNER, NOZZLE & AIR SETTINGS
Maintenance
ANNUALLY:
To assure trouble free operation, it is recommended that the flue
passages, combustion chamber area (target wall, fire door insulation)
burner adjustment, operation of the controls, and boiler seals (fire
door gasket or silicone seal, cast iron sectional seals, flue collector) be checked once each year by a competent Service Technician.
Before the start of each heating season (or whenever the system has
been shut down for extended periods of time) recheck the whole system for water, oil, and vent piping leaks. Replace or patch any leaks
or seals that are faulty.
VENT PIPE:
Visually inspect the entire venting system once a month for any
signs of leakage, deterioration, or soot build up. If the vent pipe
shows any signs of leaking or deterioration, replace it immediately.
If it shows any signs of soot build up, clean the vent pipe and have
the burner settings and combustion checked by a competent professional.
RELIEF VALVE:
This valve should open automatically when the system pressure
exceeds the pressure rating (usually 30 psi) of the relief valve. Should
the valve ever fail to open under this condition, shut down the
system. Drain the system until system pressure is reduced below
the relief valve pressure rating. Then contact a competent Service
Technician to replace the valve and inspect the heating system and
determine the cause, as this problem may indicate an equipment
malfunction. The relief valve should be tested bimonthly during the
heating season. Prior to testing, make certain a discharge pipe is
properly connected to the valve outlet and arranged so as to contain
and safely dispose of boiler discharge. Hold the trip lever fully open
for at least five seconds in order to flush free any sediment that may
lodge on the valve seat. Then permit the valve to snap shut. Refer to
the valve manufacturer’s instructions packaged with the valve for
more details.
CONVENTIONAL EXPANSION TANK:
As noted in the “EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES” section.
DIAPHRAGM EXPANSION TANK:
OIL BURNER MAINTENANCE:
For the Beckett AFG, the following preventative maintenance items
should be performed annually, preferably prior to the heating season.
1. Fuel Filter This should be replaced so as to prevent contaminated
fuel from reaching the nozzle. A partially blocked fuel filter can
cause premature failure of the fuel pump.
2. Fuel Pump Unit Replace pump screen and clean pump unit to maintain fuel delivery to the nozzle.
3. Ignition Electrodes Clean and adjust as per manufacturer’s recommendations, so as to maintain reliable ignition of oil.
4. Nozzle Replace so as to maintain safe and reliable combustion
efficiency. Always replace with the exact nozzle as required in the
charts in the back of this manual.
5. Fan and Blower Housing These must be kept clean, free of dirt,
lint and oil so as to maintain the proper amount of air the fuel requires
to burn.
6. Check the burner settings and adjust as needed.
NOTE: If any component parts must be replaced, always use parts
recommended by the burner manufacturer.
MAINTENANCE OF OPTIONAL LOW WATER CUT OFF
DANGER
!
!
WARNING
Probe type low water cut-off devices require annual inspection
and maintenance.
Although these devices are solid state in their operation, the probe is
exposed to possible contamination in the boiler water and subject to
fouling.
As noted in the “EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES” section.
DANGER
!
WATER SYSTEM:
If the system is to remain out of service during freezing weather,
always drain it completely (water left in the system will freeze and
crack the pipes and/or boiler).
Assure that the boiler is at zero pressure before removing the relief valve or any probe. Open the safety valve to relieve all internal
pressure prior to proceeding. Safety valve discharge piping must
be piped such that the potential for burns is eliminated.
Do not install valve between boiler and controls manifold. This
would isolate safety and controls from the boiler. A shut off
valve may be installed after the manifold to facilitate LWCO
probe removal.
It is important to physically remove the probe from the LWCO tapping annually and inspect that probe for accumulation of scale or
49
MAINTENANCE
sediment. Follow these steps to inspect, clean and / or replace the
probe:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn off electric service to the boiler controls.
Drain boiler water to a level below the tapping for the probe.
Remove the low water cut-off control from the probe.
Unscrew the probe from the LWCO tapping.
Inspect that portion of the probe that is exposed to the water for
a scale or sediment buildup.
6. Light deposits may be removed by wiping the probe with a
damp cloth. Wiping the probe with a cloth soaked in vinegar
will remove more tenacious lime deposits.
7. Clean the pipe threads of the probe to remove old, hardened
pipe dope and other foreign matter.
8. Apply a moderate amount of good quality pipe dope to the pipe
threads on the probe, leaving the two end threads bare. Do not
use PTFE (Teflon) tape.
9. Screw the probe into the LWCO tapping.
10. Mount the low water cut-off control on the probe.
11. Reconnect the control to probe wiring.
12. Fill the system with water and purge.
13. Add boiler water treatment compound as needed.
14. Restore electric service to the boiler.
15. Fire burner to bring the water in the boiler to a boil to drive off
free oxygen.
16. WARNING – BEFORE RETURNING BOILER TO SERVICE:
Follow the low water cut-off check out procedure in the Boiler
Start-Up section.
BOILER AND SYSTEM CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS FOR
TROUBLE FREE OPERATION
1. In a hot water heating system, the boiler and entire system (oth-
er than the expansion tank) must be full of water for satisfactory
operation. Water should be added to the system until the boiler
pressure gauge registers 12 psi. To insure that the system is full,
water should come out of all air vents when opened.
2. Boiling Out of Boiler and System. The oil and grease which
accumulate in a new hot water boiler can be washed out in the
following manner:
A. Ideally, shut off valves have been installed between the boiler
return manifold and the rest of the system, to minimize the
amount of system draining.
B. Drain the boiler to a level below the relief valve tapping.
C. Remove relief valve using extreme care to avoid damaging it.
D. Add an appropriate amount of recommended boil out compound.
E. Replace relief valve.
F. Fill the entire system with water and purge.
G. Start firing the boiler.
H. Circulate the water through the entire system.
I. Vent the system, including the radiation.
J. Allow boiler water to reach operating temperature, if possible.
K. Continue to circulate the water for a few hours.
L. Stop firing the boiler.
M. Drain the system in a manner and to a location that hot water
can be discharged with safety.
N. Remove plugs from all available returns and wash the water
side of the boiler as thoroughly as possible, using a high-pressure water stream.
O. Refill the system with fresh water.
3. Add Appropriate Boiler water treatment compounds as recommended by your qualified water treatment company.
4. Testing the pH / Alkalinity After boiler and system have been
cleaned and refilled as previously described, test the pH of the
water in the system. This can easily be done with a pH test kit.
The pH should be higher than 7 but lower than 11. Add appropriate water treatment chemicals, if necessary, to bring the pH
within the specified range. With this lower level of protection,
care must be exercised to eliminate all of the free oxygen in the
system.
5. Boiler is now ready to be put into service.
FREQUENT WATER ADDITION
Although unusual for a water boiler, frequent water additions are a
sign of a leaky system. Excessive amounts of make up water supplied to the boiler can significantly shorten the life of the boiler. The
amount of water varies with the contamination level of the water.
Repair the leak and consult with your water treatment specialist for
recommendations.
ATTENTION TO BOILER WHILE NOT IN OPERATION
1. Always keep the manual fuel supply valve shut off if the burner
is shut down for an extended period of time.
2. To recondition the heating system in the fall season after a prolonged shut down, follow the instructions outlined In System
Start Up.
NOTICE
If Boiler is not used during winter time, it must be fully drained
to prevent freeze damage.
50
MAINTENANCE
NOTICE
WARNING
IMPORTANT OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE
REQUIREMENTS:
This boiler contains controls which may cause the boiler to shut
down and not restart without service. If damage due to frozen
pipes is a possibility, the heating system should not be left unattended in cold weather; or appropriate safeguards and alarms
should be installed on the heating system to prevent damage if
the boiler is inoperative.
!
Keep your boiler and the area around it clean. Never burn refuse
or any material other than the specified fuel in your boiler. Have
your boiler checked each year by a qualified technician.
Oil Boiler / Burner Cleaning Instructions
WARNING
!
All boiler cleaning must be completed with burner service switch turned off. Boilers equipped with burner swing door have a potential hazard
which can cause severe property damage, personal injury or loss of life if ignored. Before opening swing door, turn off service switch to boiler
to prevent accidental firing of burner outside the combustion chamber. Disconnect the burner plug. Be sure to tighten swing door fastener
completely and in a manner that will not strip the threads when service is completed.
G. Clean passage from combustion chamber to 2nd pass.
H. Vacuum the loose debris in the bottom of the combustion
chamber and smoke box.
2. Clean the combustion chamber and baffles. Use a wire or
fiber bristle brush to clean the surfaces of the combustion
chamber and baffles. Vacuum all of the loose debris in
the bottom of the combustion chamber.
3. After cleaning: Vacuum all remaining debris as necessary. Inspect burner swing door insulation, and rope gasket for signs of
damage. If damaged, replace as needed.
4. Re-assemble the boiler.
A. Insert the liner and baffles (if equipped) into the correct flue
way. The baffles are installed in the 3rd pass. (Two inner flue
ways)
B. Inspect the chimney and clean if necessary.
C. Clean and re-attach the vent connector onto the rear of the
boiler with three screws.
D. Tighten swing door hardware to provide adequate seal to rope
gasket around perimeter of door. Use an alternating tightening
method from non-hinged side to hinged side cap screws to pull
door tight equally.
1. Clean the flueways. (See Figure #26).
A. Shut off power to the burner.
B. For access to the combustion chamber remove the bolts. If
boiler is equipped with flexible fuel line(s), swing door open.
C. Remove the vent connector.
D. Remove the liners & baffles (if equipped) from the flue passages. The baffles are installed in the 3rd pass (two inner flue
ways.)
E. Clean the 3rd Pass – Insert a 2” Dia. x 42” long wire or fiber
bristle brush into each of the two 3rd passes. Using long
strokes, push the brush all the way through the boiler until the
brush has exited the smoke box opening. Pull the brush all the
way forward until it has exited the front of the boiler. Continue this operation for the entire height of the flue way until
clean. Repeat the operation for the other 3rd pass flue way.
F. Clean the 2nd Pass – Insert a wire or fiber bristle brush into
each of the two 2nd passes. Using long strokes, push the brush
all the way through the boiler until the brush hits the back wall
of the reversing chamber. Pull the brush all the way forward
until it has exited the front of the boiler. Continue this operation for the entire height of the flue way until clean. Repeat the
operation for the other 2nd pass flue way.
!
CAUTION
NOTICE
Do not start the burner unless the burner swing door and vent
connector are secured in place.
When securing burner swing door make sure door is drawn-in
equally on both sides. Do not overtighten the door bolts. The
rope gasket will provide sufficient seal when the door is snugged
into place.
51
OIL BOILER / BURNER CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
!
The boiler must be connected to an approved chimney in good condition. Serious property damage could result if the boiler is connected to a
dirty or inadequate chimney. The interior of the chimney flue must be inspected and cleaned before the start of the heating season and should
be inspected periodically throughout the heating season for any obstructions. A clean and unobstructed chimney flue is necessary to allow
noxious fumes that could cause injury or loss of life to vent safely and will contribute toward maintaining the boiler’s efficiency.
Figure 26 - Cleaning the Boiler
FLUE BRUSH
VACUUM
HOSE
3RD PASS
FLUE BRUSH
BRISTLE
BRUSH
VACUUM
HOSE
FRONT VIEW
COMBUSTION CHAMBER & 2ND PASS
Oil Burner Cleaning
These are general instructions for cleaning an oil burner. For specifics, consult the burner manufacturer’s instructions.
!
DANGER
NOTICE
Make sure all electrical power to the boiler burner and the fuel
supply to the burner are turned off.
Replace the oil nozzle with the exact same size and type recommended for use on this boiler. See label on side of boiler.
52
Troubleshooting
1. COMBUSTION
III.Defective nozzle causing flame to be erratic.
A. Nozzles- Not all manufacturers’ nozzles perform the same.
Table 15 in the Burner Settings section shows the nozzles
that passed rigorous testing in our laboratory.
B. Fuel leaks - Any fuel leak between the pump and the nozzle
will be detrimental to good combustion results. Look for wet
surfaces in the air tube, under the ignitor, and around the air
inlet. Any such leaks should be repaired as they may cause erratic burning of the fuel and in the extreme case may become a
fire hazard.
C. Dirt - A fuel filter is required to prevent clogging the nozzle
or nozzle strainer and produce a poor spray pattern from the
nozzle.
D. Water - Water in the fuel in large amounts will stall the fuel
pump. Water in the fuel in smaller amounts will cause excessive wear on the pump, but more importantly water doesn’t
burn. It chills the flame and causes smoke and unburned fuel
to pass out of the combustion chamber and clog the flue ways
of the boiler.
E. Cold Oil - If the oil temperature approaching the fuel pump
is 40°F or cooler, poor combustion or delayed ignition may
result. An outside fuel tank that is above grade or has fuel lines
in a shallow bury may be the cause.
F. High Altitude Installation - Air openings must be increased at
higher altitudes. Use combustion analyzer and set to 11.5% for
an initial setting.
G. Start up noise - Late ignition is the cause of start up noises. If it
occurs recheck for electrode settings, flame shape, air or water
in the fuel lines.
H. Shut-down noise - Post Purge timed 15 seconds should eliminate shut-down noise.
2. OIL PRIMARY CONTROL
A. Burner (control) will not come on.
I. No power to control.
IV.Excessive airflow or draft causing flame to leave burner head.
V. Excessive back pressure causing erratic flame.
C. Control locks out after trial for Ignition. (TFI)
I. No oil to burner.
II. Shortened electrodes
III.Clogged nozzles.
IV.Airflow too high.
V. Ignitor module defective.
VI.CAD cell defective.
VII.Oil valve stuck open or closed.
NOTICE
To isolate fuel problems: disconnect the fuel system and fire out
of an auxiliary container of clean, fresh, warm #2 fuel oil from
another source. If the burner runs successfully when drawing out
the container then the problem is in the fuel or fuel lines.
NOTICE
If flame is not established within 15 seconds of oil valve actuation (known as Trial For Ignition or TFI) lockout will occur.
Lockout is indicated by a steady on red LED located on the oil
primary control.
II. Control is in lockout or restricted mode. Press reset button
for 30 seconds to exit lockout. If control has recycled three
times within the same call for heat, it will enter into restricted
mode. To reset from restricted mode, refer to page 41 for more
details.
III.CAD Cell seeing light.
NOTICE
IV.CAD assembly defective.
Lockout without retries will occur if the flame is lost three times
during one call for heat. This is indicated by a steady on red and
amber LED’S
B. Burner (control) will light, then shut down after a short time,
then restart after one (1) minute.
I. CAD cell is defective.
II. Air leaking into oil line causing flame out.
53
Troubleshooting
You may avoid inconvenience and service calls by checking these points before you call for service:
IF YOUR SYSTEM IS NOT HEATING OR NOT GIVING ENOUGH HEAT . . .
Possible Cause
What to do
Thermostat is not set correctly
Reset thermostat
Burner is not operating properly
Contact your service technician.
No electric power to boiler
Check over-current protection. Check to be sure electric power supply circuit is “ON”. There may be as many as 3 safety shut-off switches installed.
Look for a red plate which may be on the service switch.
Controls out of adjustment
Reset according to instructions.
Circulating pump not running
Check over-current protection. Check relay operation. Check power to
circulator.
Poor electrical contact
Check all control terminals and wire joints.
Chimney flue is blocked
Have the chimney professionally cleaned.
Possible Cause
What to do
RELIEF VALVE LEAKING . . .
Corrosion and/or deposits on seat.
Open valve manually. Allow water to run and clear valve seat.
Water logged expansion tank
Drain tank, follow instructions to provide air buffer.
HAVE YOUR SERVICE TECHNICIAN CHECK ANY PROBLEM YOU ARE UNABLE TO CORRECT.
Aquastat Troubleshooting Guide
System Condition
Diagnostic Condition
Boiler is cold, house Display off
is cold.
Display on
Boiler is hot, house
is cold.
Display on
Check
120 VAC system power
24 VAC T-T
24 V present; disconnect thermostat, short T-T
120 VAC at B1-B2
Refer to Err on display
120 VAC at C1-C2
Action
Turn system power on
No 24 V; replace control
Boiler starts, check wiring and thermostat
• If no, replace
• If yes, check burner and wiring
• 120 vac at C1-C2, check wiring to pump
• Wiring OK, is pump running?
• If not, replace pump.
Burner will not turn Display On
off.
Burner wired incorrectly. L1
(black) and AUX (red) are
reversed. See wiring diagram for
installed burner.
54
• If pump is running, check for trapped air or
closed zone valves.
Re-Wire burner. Inquire about service bulletin
for this problem. Report incident to Service
Department.
NOTES
Date
Service Performed
Company Name & Tech Initials
Company Address & Phone #
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