The Connected Home
Enabling Technologies and New Service Models
Creating a Connected Home
•  Interest stems from triple play service delivery
»  IPTV initially, RF overlay added
»  Began with residential gateway set top devices
•  “Connected home” has different connotations:
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Connecting services (voice, data, video)
Utilization of in-home wiring for service distribution
Creating a ubiquitous home network
“Smart home”
•  Connected home is both a technology choice and service
architecture decision
»  Where the service provider demarcation is
»  How and where service management extends
Strategies for Connected Home Creation
•  Fiber to the premise for broadband bandwidth
•  Ethernet distribution
•  Multi-Service, Multi-Play
•  Service Provider has ROI – can make money from it
Competing Interests:
•  4G wireless as the connected home technology
•  Everything transitions to the Internet – no new service
opportunity for the carrier except bandwidth
Connected Home Needs Often ROI Based
CAPEX
Reduce in home wiring
Lower installation time
Lower labor costs
Lower equipment costs
Less materials costs
OpEx
Service management
Fewer truck rolls
Interface outside home
Revenues
Bundling services
Enhanced services
Quality of services
Customer retention
In-Home Wiring Has Been the Driver
  Re-use existing in home wiring for
voice, data & video service
  Less labor and time inside the
home
  Cross connect & bridge onto home
wiring at side of home
  Minimized disruption
  Maintenance needs outside the
premise
Varying Technology Approaches
1.  Have a broad ONT product line
»  Features, functions, ports based on many needs
2.  Build integrated or modular ONT
»  Put many features, functions, ports in one device to meet
many needs
3.  Develop a “hybrid” architecture
»  Verizon FIOS model
4.  Focus on consumer electronics solution
»  Residential gateway/STB
»  Functions becoming integrated in appliance
»  Adapters customer installed
Examples of Connected Home Devices Today
Residential Gateway STB
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Multiple decoders
Re-use existing coax
Integrated Router (HSIA)
Derived voice ports
Centralized home networking
Intelligent Multi-Service Gateway
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RF or RFoG
HPNAv3 over coax networking
Multiple 10/100TX LAN ports
Multiple FXS voice ports
Layer 2/3 IP functionality
Fully managed
Connected home from outdoor ONT
Foundation for a True Connected Home
  IP/Ethernet
Coax
Jacks
  Service provider enabled
  Consumer managed
  Convergence
  Multimedia
  Broadband - bandwidth
Web Enabled Connected Home with Consumer
Electronics
The U.S. average is $1000 per year in home
Communications expenditures…exceeding
That spent on dining out. Movies or other
Family entertainment. This number is
Expect to double over the next ten years.
New York Times article, 2/14/2010
Capturing a Piece of the Pie
•  The Internet
»  More content, applications, service
developing on Web
»  Is the only carrier play to provide
the pipe?
•  4G broadband Wireless
»  More data services on mobile
networks
»  More home devices communicating
via mobile network
»  Do wireline exchange carriers lose
connected home services to
wireless?
•  Google Effect
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Building its own FTTH networks
Open access architecture
Web service/content driven
Do they become the “glue” for the
connected home?
Enabling Technologies
HomePNA
•  ITU-T G.9954 standard
•  Ethernet over coax or phone line
•  Latest iteration supports up to 320
Mbps. (v 3.1)
•  Supports newly created G.hn
•  Provides QoS and TR69 support
•  Widely adopted in Telco applications
»  Bandwidth for IPTV
»  Integrated in many IP STB’s
»  Adapters in retail for PC’s
»  Coax choice for IPTV
»  Phone line occasionally for HSIA
The HPNA v3 Over Coax Vision
Enabling Technologies
MoCA
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Not an open standard
»  Incorporated into DOCSIS
Developed by MoCA Alliance
Provides Ethernet over coax 100
Mbps. +
Based on RF 1 Ghz. Microwave
frequency using ODFM
Designed primarily for cable
systems
»  Two-way communication channel
»  For VoD, DVR type applications
Widely used in cable set tops
Used in RFoG for two-way
channel
Part of Verizon FIOS
Support PQoS
The MoCA Connected Home Vision
Enabling Technologies
HomePlug AV
•  Ethernet over power line
»  Turns home electrical outlets
into Ethernet ports
•  Tied to BPL and PLC
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»  IEEE P1901
»  TIA-1113
AV standard provides up to 200
Mbps.
Uses adapter or routers in
home for connectivity
Widely available routers and
adapters through retail and
vendors
Now supporting G.hn standard
for interoperability
HomePlug AV Vision
An outlet on every wall and every room
Wherever an electronics device is plugged in
No new wires, no new outlets
Outlet adapter have security/password to protect from intrusion
Enabling Technologies
G.hn
•  ITU-T G.9960 G.hn standard
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adopted
ITU-T G.9961 adoption 2010
Designed as up to 1 Gigabit
Ethernet connection independent
of media (coax, power line,
phone line, etc.)
Can interoperate with any other
technology incorporating G.9961
»  HomePNA Alliance supporting
»  HomePlug Alliance supporting
»  Home Grid Forum promoter
A number of chip vendors
introducing silicon in 2010
Includes Layer 2 QoS and
management layer
Enabling Technologies
802.11n Wireless
•  Improved performance over b/g
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with MiMO (multi-streaming
modulation technique)
230 feet indoor range – optimum
conditions
Operational maximum of 600
Mbps. – useful range today 150
Mbps.
Uses multiple antennas with
SDM (Spatial Division
Multiplexing)
Steps up wireless performance
to ranges needed to support HD
video
Many suppliers introducing
802.11n enabled CPE
The Good and the Bad
HPNAv3.1
HomePlug
AV
MoCA
G.hn
802.11n
Bandwidth
High: 320 Mbps
High: 200 Mbps
High: 100+ Mbps
High: 300 Mbps
High: 150-600
Mbps
Performance
Consistently good
on coax
Inconsistent at
times on AC
Consistently good
on coax
Theoretically good
Depends on
location and
structure
Interference
No problems
Noise/electrical
motors can affect
No problems
Theoretically no
interference
Walls, other
devices can affect
New wiring
If coax present no
– does often
require coax relayout
Electrical wiring
and outlets exist
If used for cable
RF, coax exists
Can support any
type of in-home
wiring
Only requires an
Ethernet LAN
connection
Cost
Modest (adapters,
chips, etc.)
Slightly high still
(adapters, chips,
routers)
Modest – in line
with HPNA
Initial chips and
devices will be
higher (volume)
More than 802.11
b/g but greater
benefit
Availability
Many suppliers, in
retail stores
Many suppliers, in
retail stores
Widely available
but within cable
domain primarily
TBD as products
are released
Suppliers, retail
availability
Commercially Available Home Networking Silicon
Multiple vendors and volume production means lower costs
What We Can Conclude
1.  No connected home technology is
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perfect
Each solution has its use and
place
G.hn may become the best
solution to overcome mediaspecific technologies and
proprietary standards
802.11n in combination with other
technologies appears destined
Bandwidth has improved
•  As well as QoS
•  More management
Where to Launch the Connected Home Network
Outside
Inside
Location…Location….Location!
•  Access for craft/maintenance
•  Adjacent to NID
•  Traditional network termination
•  More complex to power
•  Not suitable to use wireless
•  Ability/flexibility to support the many
wiring and service options
•  Economics
•  Requires scheduling for service
•  Not every indoor location
accessible to the network interface
•  Able to support wireless networking
•  Allows flexibility to choose product,
features and functions to need
•  Economic: cost of upgrade or
replacement
Thinking Beyond Triple Play
•  Services and application enabled by smart devices and appliances
•  Lifestyle and consumer needs creating service opportunity
•  Evolving public policy and political issues creating demand
»  Eco initiatives
»  Smart Grid to Smart Home
»  Ties to universal broadband
•  If not home phone/POTS service, what then replaces the revenue?
•  New service models:
»  Managed Services
»  Wholesale services
»  Open access
»  Applications within services
Next Generation Medical Care
•  Lowering cost of hospital care and stay
•  Elderly, recovery, medical condition
•  Ethernet
•  ZigBee
•  802.11n
•  Bluetooth
Smart Grid – Smart Home
•  Eco-energy management
•  Smart meter reading
•  Home Appliance, HVAC and energy control and management
•  Ethernet
•  ZigBee
•  802.11n
•  Bluetooth
Home Security Services
•  Alarm monitoring
•  Video monitoring
•  Emergency notification
•  Ethernet
•  ZigBee
•  802.11n
•  Bluetooth
Next Generation Connected Home Router
•  Ethernet Interface
•  Wireless
•  Home networking interface(s)
•  Smart device applications interface
A Connected Home Service Model
Smart Meter (utility)
Home Security
Eco Energy Management
Broadband HSIA
Video (IPTV or RFTV)
Voice
Content Hosting
Utility fee or network access
Become an “ADT” or network access
Subscriber service or network access
Subscriber service, open access
Subscriber service, wholesale, open access
Subscriber service, wholesale, open access
Subscriber service, network access
Possible Next Generation Architecture
•  Fiber to the premise
•  Bandwidth for triple play – next generation video (like 3D TV)
»  IP or RF TV over coax
•  Ethernet to inside smart router
•  Features to support wide range of applications and services for
revenue opportunity
•  Layer 3 IP intelligence to support:
»  Multiple services and service providers
»  Managed service business model
»  Wholesale and/or open access business models
»  Security and partitioning to allow service provider and subscriber
network domains
A New Approach
Low Cost L2 Fiber bridge ONT
Smart Router Inside Home
Ethernet
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O/E fiber termination
10/100/1000 port(s) to home
Layer 2 bridging functions
G.hn interface
Coax: RF overlay, RFoG
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10/100/1000 WAN
G.hn (or HomePlug or HPNAv3.1)
Zigbee chip
Bluetooth support
802.11n wireless
Coax (RF or IP) video
10/100 ports
Drivers for a New Architecture
1.  Economics
»  Lower cost to replace or upgrade a fiber ONT
»  Allow indoor router to be chosen based on service need
2.  Functionality
»  Functionality where needed in home
»  Access to home wiring
3.  Intelligence
»  Extends service and OAM to the end device
»  Ability to see all services at all points in the network
»  Enables managed services
»  Enables partitioning and security levels
4.  Revenues
»  Means to capitalize on connected home needs
The Last Hurdle
TDM POTS
•  Lack of fit into the IP/Ethernet
scheme
•  Added cost to support in ONT or
router
•  Lifeline/battery backup burden
•  Support over FTTx burdens costs
The sooner VoIP is adapted the
quicker cost-effective implementation
occurs
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