20” x 37” Woodfast Wood Lathe
Shown with Optional Bowl Turning Attachment
Record the serial number and date of purchase
in your manual for future reference.
Serial number:
Date of purchase:
For more information:
www.rikontools.com or info@rikontools.com
For Parts or Questions:
Part # 70-425M1
techsupport@rikontools.com or 877-884-5167
Owner’s Manual
Model: 70-425
Safety Warning
IMPORTANT! Safety is the single most important consideration in the operation of this equipment. The following
instructions must be followed at all times.
There are certain applications for which this tool was designed. We strongly recommend that this tool not be modified and/
or used for any other application other than that for which it was designed. If you have any questions about its application,
do not use the tool until you have contacted us and we have advised you.
General Safety Warnings
KNOW YOUR POWER TOOL. Read the owner’s manual carefully. Learn the tool’s applications, work
capabilities, and its specific potential hazards.
ALWAYS GROUND ALL TOOLS.
If your tool is equipped with a three-pronged plug, you must plug it into a three-hole electric receptacle.
If you use an adapter to accommodate a two-pronged receptacle, you must attach the adapter plug to a
known ground. Never remove the third prong of the plug.
ALWAYS AVOID DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENTS.
Never use power tools in damp or wet locations. Keep your work area well lighted and clear of clutter.
ALWAYS REMOVE THE ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES FROM TOOLS AFTER USE.
Form the habit of checking to see that keys and adjusting wrenches are removed from the tool before
turning it on.
ALWAYS KEEP YOUR WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered areas and benches invite accidents.
ALWAYS KEEP VISITORS AWAY FROM RUNNING MACHINES.
All visitors should be kept a safe distance from the work area.
ALWAYS MAKE THE WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF.
Childproof with padlocks, master switches, or by removing starter keys.
NEVER OPERATE A TOOL WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS,
MEDICATION, OR ALCOHOL.
ALWAYS WEAR PROPER APPAREL.
Never wear loose clothing or jewelry that might get caught in moving parts. Rubber-soled footwear is
recommended for the best footing.
ALWAYS USE SAFETY GLASSES AND WEAR HEARING PROTECTION.
Also use a face or dust mask if the cutting operation is dusty.
NEVER OVERREACH.
Keep your proper footing and balance at all times.
NEVER STAND ON TOOLS.
Serious injury could occur if the tool is tipped or if the cutting tool is accidentally contacted.
2
ALWAYS DISCONNECT TOOLS.
Disconnect tools before servicing and when changing accessories such as blades, bits, and cutters.
ALWAYS AVOID ACCIDENTAL STARTING.
Make sure switch is in “OFF” position before plugging in cord.
NEVER LEAVE TOOLS RUNNING UNATTENDED.
ALWAYS CHECK FOR DAMAGED PARTS.
Before initial or continual use of the tool, a guard or other part that is damaged should be checked to
assure that it will operate properly and perform its intended function. Check for alignment of moving
parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, mounting, and any other conditions that may affect its
operation. A guard or other damaged parts should immediately be properly repaired or replaced.
Special Safety Rules For Lathes
1. Do not operate this machine until you have read all of the following instructions.
2. Do not attempt to operate this machine until it is completely assembled.
3. Do not turn ON this machine if any pieces are missing.
4. If you are not familiar with the operation of the machine, obtain assistance from a qualified person.
5. It is highly recommended that this machine be firmly mounted to a flat and secure work surface.
6. Always wear protective eyewear prior to operating this machine.
7. Do not operate this machine if you are under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol.
8. Remove all jewelry prior to operating this machine.
9. Do not wear any gloves while operating this machine.
10.Always make sure the power switch is in the OFF position prior to plugging in the machine.
11.Always make sure the power switch is in the OFF position when doing any assembly or setup
operation.
12.Always turn the power switch to the OFF position and let the work piece come to a complete stop prior
to removal.
13.Use only sharp lathe tools.
14.The use of any accessories or attachments not recommended may cause injury to you and damage
your machine.
15.This machine must be properly grounded.
16.When turning between centers, make sure headstock and tailstock are snug against work piece.
17.When face plate turning, rough-cut work piece close to the finished shape before screwing to face
plate.
18.Never jam tools into work piece or take too big a cut.
19.Do not operate this machine without following all these instructions.
20.Keep these instructions for future reference.
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and other construction activities contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.Your risk from
exposure to these chemicals varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure, work in
a well-ventilated area and with approved safety equipment, such as dust masks that are specially designed to filter out
microscopic particles.
For more detailed information about California Propostion 65 log onto rikontools.com.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
Refer to them often.
3
Table of Contents
Safety Warnings............................................................................................................................................2-3
Lathe Safety Rules................................................................................................................................... ............ 3
Specifications.............................................................................................................................................4
Unpacking and Contents........................................................................................................................... .5
Getting to Know Your Lathe..........................................................................................................................6
Assembly.................................................................................................................................................... 7
Determine Lathe Location in Workshop................................................................................................ .7
Bolting Lathe to the Stand..........................................................................................................................7
Adjustments................................................................................................................................................8
Attaching the Live Center.............................................................................................................................8
Swiveling the Headstock......................................................................................................9
Tightening or Loosening the Headstock..............................................................................................9
Changing Spindle Speeds....................................................................................................................................9
Adjusting the Tool Rest..........................................................................................................................................9
Adjusting the Tailstock...........................................................................................................................................9
VariableSpeedSwitch..................................................................................................................................................10
Indexing /Spindle Lock........................................................................................................................................10
Electrical Requirements......................................................................................................................................11
Wiring Diagram......................................................................................................................................11
Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................12
Explosion Diagrams..........................................................................................................................................13-14
Parts Lists.............................................................................................................................................................15-16
Warranty..................................................................................................................................................17
Specifications
Model Number
Swing Over Bed
Swing Over Tool Rest Base
Working Distance Between Centers
Motor
Speeds
Speed Ranges
Spindle Nose in x TPI
Headstock Taper
Tailstock Taper
Hole Through Spindle
Ram Travel
Overall Dimensions
Net Weight
70-425
20”
18”
37”
1.5HP, 1Ph, 110/220V
6
320,440,730,1180,2230,2930 RPM
1-1/4” x 8
MT2
MT2
3/8”
3-15/16”
64-1/2”(L)x21-1/2”(W)x50”(H)
461 lbs
4
Contents of Package
Unpacking and Checking Contents
The 70-425 Woodfast lathe is shipped in two cartons. Unpack the lathe from both cartons and check
to see that you have all of the following items. Do not turn your machine ON if any of these items are
missing. You may cause injury to yourself or damage to your machine.
A. Lathe Bed
B. Stand Body (2pcs)
A
B
C. Stand leg (2pcs)
D. Wrench (2pcs)
E. Knockout Bar
C
F. 12” Tool Rest
G. 6” Tool Rest
H. Loose parts bag
I. Instruction Manual
E
D
G
F
H
I
Unpacking and Clean-up
1. Carefully finish removing all contents from shipping cartons. Compare contents of the shipping
cartons with the list of contents above. Place parts on a protected surface.
2. Report any shipping damage to your local distributor.
3. Clean all rust protected surfaces with kerosene or diesel oil. Do not use; gasoline, paint
thinner, mineral spirits, etc. These may damage painted surfaces.
4. Set packing material and shipping cartons to the side. Do not discard until machine has been
set up and is running properly.
5
Getting to Know Your Lathe
N
M
O
H
J
L
G
F
E
I
K
D
C
P
Q
R
B
A
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
Stand Leg
Stand Body
Lathe Bed
Tailstock locking lever
Tailstock handwheel
Tail stock
Tailstock spindle locking arm
Live center
Tool rest base
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
O.
P.
Q.
R.
Tool rest
Tool rest seat locking lever
Spur center
Face plate
Spindle lock
Motor
Belt tensioning lever
Headstock locking lever
Switch
Tools Required for Assembly
Item
Description
Phillips Screwdriver
Adjustable Wrench
6
Assembly
2.With assistance, lift stand body and carefully position the
stand legs to align the bolt holes. Secure stand to legs by
using eight M10X30 hex bolts and eight M10 flat washers.
(Fig.03)
CAUTION
To avoid injury, assistance required during assembly.
Note: The machine must not be plugged in and the power switch
must be in the OFF position until assembly is complete.
3.2 Determine Lathe Location in Workshop
Fig.03
1. Find a location in the workshop that is level and has adequate
lighting. Make sure that there is plenty of room between the lathe
and other machines. Place the lathe in an area that will support
its weight and is close to a power source.
Fig.01
Mounting Bolts
3.4 Bolting Lathe to Stand
1. Lift lathe body by the bed only, not by the head stock or tail
stock assemblies.
2. Gently place the lathe body onto the stand and secure by using
six M10X40 hex bolts, six M10 flat washers, and six M10 locking
washers. (Fig.04)
Leveling Feet
3.3 Stand Assembly
1. Remove the two stand legs from the carton and position
them approximately 54” apart (Fig.2) measuring from the
outside edges. Be sure that the shelves are facing inward and
that the double flared leg is on the left.
Fig.02
Fig.04
Mounting Bolts
54”
7
Adjustments and Operations
4.4 Tightening or Loosening Motor Belt
4.1 Removing Spur Center from the Headstock
1. Turn the belt tightening handle toward the headstock locking
handle (Fig.09). Rotate the belt tighting handle upwards to tighten
the motor belt. Turn the belt tighting handle toward the motor to
lock the belt tension. (Fig.10)
Insert the knockout bar into the headstock spindle from the handle
end. Tap the end of the spur center lightly until it releases from the
spindle. (Fig.06)
Fig.06
Knockout bar
Fig.09
Tighten
Loosen
Belt tighting handle
4.2 Attaching Live Center on the Tailstock
Insert the live center, with a No.2 Morse Taper shank into the
tailstock spindle. (Fig.07)
Fig.10
Fig.07
locking position
2. Turn the belt tightening handle toward the headstock locking
handle (Fig.09). Rotate the belt tighting handle downwards to
tighten the motor belt. Turn the belt tighting handle toward the
motor to lock the belt tension. (Fig.10)
4.3 Removing Live Center from the Tailstock
Insert the knockout bar into the tailstock spindle from the handle
end. Tap the end of the live center lightly until it releases from the
spindle. (Fig.08)
4.5 Tightening or Loosening Headstock
Rotate the headstock locking handle counterclockwise to loose
the headstock. (Fig.11) When finished headstock swivel adjustment, rotate the locking handle clockwise to lock the headstock.
(Fig.12)
Fig.08
Fig.11
loosening position
Headstock locking handle
8
Fig.15
Fig.12
A
C
locking position
4.8 Adjusting the Tailstock
4.6 Swiveling the Headstock
1. Loosen cam lever (A-Fig.16) to move the tailstock along the
lathe bed to desired position. Tighten lever.
Pull the position pin out with your right hand, at the same time
loosen the locking handle and swivel the headstock with your left
hand. Engage the position pin and then rotate the locking handle
clockwise to lock the headstock. (Fig.13)
2. To adjust tailstock ram in or out, loosen locking arm (B-Fig16)
and turn handwheel (C-Fig.16). When the tailstock arm is in a
desired position, tighten locking arm. (Fig.16)
Fig.13
Fig.16
B
C
Position pin
A
4.7 Adjusting the Tool Rest
3. To adjust clamping action of the tailstock, remove it from lathe
bed and adjust nut clockwise to tighten and counterclockwise to
loosen. (Fig.15)
CAUTION
Do not adjust tool rest or tool rest base while the lathe is turned
on. Make sure lathe is turned off and that the work piece comes to
a complete stop before making adjustments.
4.9 Changing Spindle Speeds
1. The lathe features six step motor and spindle pulleys (Fig.17)
to provide six different spindle speed ranges. Open the access
covers on the headstock and stand to change spindle speeds.
(Fig.17)
1. The tool rest base (A-Fig.14) can be easily moved along the
lathe bed. Loosen cam lever (B-Fig.14) counterclockwise,slide
tool rest base to new position, and tighten cam lever clockwise.
2. To adjust the height of the tool rest, loosen locking arm(AFig.14), raise or lower tool rest, tighten locking arm.
Fig.17
Fig.14
A
C
B
3. To adjust clamping action of the tool rest base, remove base
and adjust nut clockwise to tighten and counterclockwise to
loosen. (Fig.15)
2. With access covers open, loosen the belt tightening handle.
Rotate the tighting handle to release tension on the pulleys.
Check speed and belt position chart on the headstock to determine spindle speed required. (Fig.18)
9
Fig.18
Fig.20
B
A
2. The 24 position indexing feature (A-Fig.21) allows accurate pattern work on projects such as straight fluting, grooving, drilling, lay
out and more. This feature also allows the user to lock the spindle
for removing face plates, chucks and other accessories without
needing two tools.
Fig.21
3. Move drive belt to desired pulley combination. Rotate the belt
tightening handle counterclockwise and tighten the handle. Close
access covers.
A
4.10 Switch
1. Push the green button to run the lathe (A-Fig.19) and push the
red button to stop running. (B-Fig.19)
4.12 Spur Drive Center - Headstock
1. The spur drive center (B-Fig.20) is used in conjunction with the
revolving center in the tailstock to support cylindrical work such as
chair and table legs, railstool handles etc.
Fig.19
2. When loading a project blank onto the spur drive center, do
not use a hammer or similar as damage to the headstock bearings may result. The pressure obtained via the tailstock hanwheel
should be sufficient to provide adequate stability when suing
softer woods. For harder woods, shallow diagonal saw cuts in the
end section should be made plus a smalll hole in the center. The
spur center can be directly knocked into the wood by using only
a soft mallet. Never use a steel hammer as this will damage the
taper shank.
A
B
4.13 Live Center - Tailstock
1. The revolving cup center (A-Fig.22) is used for supporting spindle turning projects that can not be held suitably in a chuck.
2. The variable speed dial will only increase speed to the highest
speed shown depending on belt position. (Fig.18)
2. It can also be used as a safety device to support face plate
work for as long as possible, especially during roughing down
stage.
Fig.22
4.11 Indexing/Spindle Lock
1. The dual purpose indexing/spindle lock (A-Fig.20) is positioned
on the front of the headstock for ease of use. The headstock indexing feature has 24 equally spaced positions. The spring loaded
locking pin assembly is engaged by turning the knob a half turn
allowing it to drop into the desired position. To disengage, pull the
lock knob out and turn a half turn in either direction until the locking locating pin enters the safety catch position in the knob.
A
10
Eletrical Requirements
In the event of a malfunction or breakdown, grounding provides a path of least resistance for electric current to reduce the risk of
electric shock. This tool is equipped with an electric cord having an equipment-grounding conductor and a grounding plug. The plug
must be plugged into a matching outlet that is properly installed and grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances.
Do not modify the plug provided. If it will not fit the outlet, have the proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician.
Improper connection of the equipment-grounding conductor can result in a risk of electric shock. The conductor, with insulation having
an outer surface that is green with or without yellow stripes, is the equipment-grounding conductor. If repair or replacement of the
electric cord or plug is necessary, do not connect the equipment-grounding conductor to a live terminal.
Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel if the grounding instructions are not completely understood, or if in doubt as to
whether the tool is properly grounded.
Use only three wire extension cords that have three-prong grounding plugs and three-pole receptacles that accept the tool’s plug.*
Repair or replace a damaged or worn cord immediately.
This tool is intended for use on a circuit that has an outlet that looks the one illustrated in Figure A below. The tool has a grounding plug
that looks like the grounding plug as illustrated in Figure A below.
* Canadian electrical codes require extension cords to be certified SJT type or better.
** Use of an adapter in Canada is not acceptable.
Wiring Diagram
11
Fig.17
Troubleshooting
IIMPORTANT:
When carrying out any adjustments turn off switch and make sure electrical leads are disconnected from mains power.
12
13
1
64
65
63
62
2
61
4
5
13
60
6
3
58
7
12
59
8
9
11
14
57
10
56
47
39
55
54
38
37
15 16 17
48
45
26
28 27
49
40
30 29
32
33
19
50
51
52
46
31
35 34
36
18
20
21
44
42
23 24
53
41
22
43
25
68
66
84
69
70
67
82
83
85
80 79
76
73
81
95
71 72
78
86
77
74
93
94
92
87
88
75
91
89
90
Explosion Diagrams & Parts List
(Optional Bowl Turning Attachment)
14
Key No. Part No.
Description
Key No. Part No.
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
Motor
Carriage bolt
Mounting plate
Set screw M8X30
Handwheel
Set screw M8X16
Hex nut M30
Retaining washer 30
Bearing 6006
Spacer
Set screw M8X12
Motor pulley
Poly vee belt
Spindle pulley
Headstock
Spacer
Retaining ring 62
Bearing 6007
Spindle M30X3.5
Key 8X7X40
Bearing plate
Set screw M6X12
Face plate
Spure center
Center point
Cap nut M6
Pin plate
Hex socket head screw
Pin tube
Spring
Pin
Cap nut M6
Indexing pin nut
Pin 3x30
Indexing pin body
Spring
Indexing pin
Lock nut M12
Flat washer 12
Lock nut M5
Access cover
Plastic window
Screw M4X10
Hex socket head screw
Hinge
Pan head screw M4X12
Spindle tube
Position disc
Mounting plate
Flat washer 10
Spring washer 10
Hex bolt M10X30
Lathe bed
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
Lock nut M20
Washer 20
Cam spindle
Mounting plate
Set screw M5X12
Pin 5X40
Locking lever
Spindle
Adjusting cam
Pin 6X24
Position cam
Handle
Live center
Set screw
Tailstock
Locking tube
Tailstock spindle locking arm
Semicircular plate
Set screw M6X8
Tailstock spindle
Tailstock handwheel
Handle
Pin 5X40
Cam lever
Pin 5X40
Cam spindle
Pin 3X30
Cam spindle tube
Clamp disc
Lock nut M12
Tube
Cam spindle
Set screw M8X12
Tool rest 300
Tool rest 150
Cam lever
Pin 5X40
Tool rest base
Cam spindle
Clamp disc
Lock nut M12
Locking arm
Stand leg
Rear stand body
Front stand body
Hex bolt M10X25
Spring washer 10
Flat washer 10
Stand leg
Set screw M5X20
Mounting plate
Switch
Locking bar
F8040504
JL94010115
JL94010301A
M8X30GB70D3Z
JL94010105A
M8X16GB79B
M30GB812Z
WSH30GB858B
BRG6006-2RSV2
JL94010108A
M8X12GB77B
JL94010201A
JL94010109
JL94010103A
JL94010101A
JL94010104A
CLP62GB893D1B
BRG6007VVCM
JL94010102A
PLN8X7X40GB1096
JL91010013A
M6X12GB70D3Z
JL91010010A
JL91011001
JL91011002
M6GB923Z
JL94010403
M5X12GB70B
JL94010402
JL94010404
1-JL94010401
M6GB923Z
JL91012004
PIN3X30GB879D1Z
JL91012002
JL91012003
JL91012001
M12GB889B
WSH12GB97D1B
M5GB889Z
JL94010008B
JL91010023
M4X10GB819
M5X25GB70Z
JL94010500
M4X12GB818B
JL94010112
JL94010003A
JL94010005A
WSH10GB97D1Z
WSH10GB93Z
M10X30GB5783Z
JL91010002A
15
M20GB889D2Z
WSH20GB95Z
JL94010111
JL94010113
M5X12GB70D3B
PIN5X40GB879D1B
JL91020007
JL94010117
JL94010302A
PIN6x24GB879B
JL94010116
JL82050007A-001S
JL91021000
JL91020009
JL94020001
JL91020003
JL91020004
JL91020005
M6X8GB80B
JL91020002
JL91022002
JL91022001
PIN5X40GB879D1B
JL91020007
PIN5X40GB879D1B
JL91020006
PIN3X30GB879D1B
JL91023000
JL91020008
M12GB889B
JL91030005
JL91030006
M8X12GB80B
JL91030003
JL91030004
JL91020007
PIN5X40GB879D1B
JL94030001
JL91032000
JL91020008
M12GB889B
JL91031000
JL94040001A
JL94040003
JL94040004
M10X25GB5783Z
WSH10GB93Z
WSH10GB97D1Z
JL94040001
M5X20GB819Z
JL91042001
JL91042000
JL91042100
Key No. Part No.
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
JL91100004
JL91100003
JL91100002
JL94070001
JL91100008
JL91100005
JL91100006
JL91100007
M4X10GB819Z
M12X30GB5783Z
WSH12GB97D1Z
PIN6X35GB879D2B
JL91031000
Description
Tool rest support
Locking shaft
Support bracket
Base casting
Square washer
Locking threaded shaft
Locking handle shaft
Cap plate
Set screw M4X10
Hex bolt M12X30
Flat washer 12
Pin 6X35
Locking arm
Optional Bowl Turning Attachment
(Part No.117 through Part No.129)
16
Warranty
2-Year Limited Warranty
RIKON Power Tools, Inc. (“Seller”) warrants to only the original retail consumer/purchaser of our
products that each product be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of two
(2) years from the date the product was purchased at retail. This warranty may not be transferred.
This warranty does not apply to defects due directly or indirectly to misuse, abuse, negligence,
accidents, repairs, alterations, lack of maintenance or normal wear and tear. Under no
circumstances will Seller be liable for incidental or consequential damages resulting from
defective products. All other warranties, expressed or implied, whether of merchantability,
fitness for purpose, or otherwise are expressly disclaimed by Seller. This warranty does not cover
products used for commercial, industrial or educational purposes.
This limited warranty does not apply to accessory items such as blades, drill bits, sanding discs or
belts and other related items.
Seller shall in no event be liable for death, injuries to persons or property, or for incidental,
contingent, special, or consequential damages arising from the use of our products.
To take advantage of this warranty proof of purchase documentation, which includes date of
purchase and an explanation of the complaint, must be provided.
The Seller reserves the right to effect at any time, without prior notice, those alterations to parts,
fittings, and accessory equipment which they may deem necessary for any reason whatsoever.
To take advantage of this warranty, you can register online at www.rikontools.com or fill out the
enclosed warranty card and mail it to:
RIKON Warranty
16 Progress Rd.
Billerica, MA 01821
The card must be entirely completed in order for it to be valid. If you have any questions
please contact us at 877-884-5167 or email us at warranty@rikontools.com.
17
For more information:
16 Progress Rd.
Billerica, MA 01821
877-884-5167 / 978-528-5380
techsupport@rikontools.com
www.rikontools.com
Copyright RIKON Power Tools, Inc. 2009
Printed in China 9/09
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