M3.28
Operation manual
M3.28
VD01117
M3.28
Operation manual
Serial numbers
Engine serial number Vetus:
Mitsubishi:
Gearbox serial number:
340302.01
Please enter the serial numbers here.
These numbers should be quoted when inquiring about Customer
Service, Repairs or Spare Parts (see page 6).
We reserve the right to make any changes without previous
notice.
Please read and observe the information
given in this operation manual. This will
enable you to avoid accidents, preserve
the manufacturer’s warranty and maintain
the engine in peak operating condition.
For the Guarantee Conditions, see the
Vetus Diesel 'Service and Warrantee
Manual' (320199.04 / STM0016).
This engine has been built exclusively
for the application specified in the scope
of supply and is to be used only for the
intended purpose. Any use exceeding
that scope is considered to be contrary to
the intended purpose. The manufacturer
will not not assume responsibility for any
damage resulting therefrom. The risks
involved are to be borne by the user.
Use in accordance with the intended
purpose also implies compliance with the
conditions laid down by the manufacturer
for operation, maintenance and servicing. The engine should only be operated, maintained and serviced by persons
which are familiar with the former and the
hazards involved.
The relevant accident prevention guide-
lines and other generally accepted safety
and industrial hygiene regulations must
be observed.
Unauthorized engine modifications will
invalidate any liability claims against the
manufacturer for resultant damage.
Manipulations of the injection and regulating system may also influence the
performance of the engine, and its emissions. Adherence to legislation on pollution cannot be guaranteed under such
conditions.
Contents
1 Safety measures
4
Checking the oil level
23
Checking the coolant level
24
2 Introduction
5
Checking and cleaning the
Data tag
6
raw water strainer
Serial number
6
Draining water from the water
Cylinder numbering
7
Fuel pump seal
Identification of engine parts
Control panels
5 Winter storage procedure 49
25
6 Recommissioning after winter
storage
51
separator/fuel filter
26
7 Troubleshooting
56
7
(Bleeding)
26
8
Changing the oil
28
8 Technical Data
62
30
9 Operating media
10
Battery, cables and cable
connections
3 Use
Checking the gearbox oil level 32
Lubrication Oil
65
11
Changing the gearbox oil
33
Fuel
66
First commissioning
12
Checking valve clearance
34
Coolant
67
Running-in
15
Replacing the fuel filter
36
Starting
16
Checking the V-belt
38
10 Wiring Diagrams
68
Pre-heating
17
Checking flexible engine mounts39
Cruising
19
Checking hose connections
39
11 Overall Dimensions
70
Stopping
20
Checking fastenings
39
12 Index
71
General guidelines
Checking the raw water pump 40
4 Maintenance
Coolant replacement
42
Introduction
21
Cleaning the heat exchanger
44
Maintenance schedule
22
Checking engine rpm
47
1 Safety measures
All safety instructions in this manual are
designated by the accompanying symbol. Please follow them carefully.
Pass the safety instructions to other persons operating the engine as well.
• Never attempt to touch moving parts
when the engine is running.
• Always stop the engine before checking or topping up the coolant or oil.
General regulations and laws for safety
and accident prevention must also be
observed.
• Never touch hot parts of the engine,
and keep flammable materials well
away from the engine.
• Never open cap on top of header tank
when the engine is at operating temperature.
• Always stop the engine before checking or adjusting components.
• Always carry out maintenance safely
by only using tools well matched in
size.
2 Introduction
Dear customer,
Vetus diesel engines are designed
both for pleasure and commercial craft.
Consequently, a wide range of variants
are offered to meet the requirements of
specific cases.
We have endeavoured to highlight any
differences so that you will able to locate
the operating and maintenance instructions relevant to your engine quickly and
easily.
Your engine is appropriately equipped for
your vessel, which means that not necessarily all components described in this
manual are mounted to your engine.
Please read this manual before starting
your engine and always observe the
operating and maintenance instructions.
We are available to help with any additional inquiries.
Sincerely,
Vetus den Ouden n.v.
2 Introduction
VD01044
Data tag, Serial number
VD01036
VD01035
1 Engine data tag
2 Engine data tag location
3 Engine serial number
The Vetus engine serial number and performance data are printed on the engine
data tag.
The Vetus engine data tag is attached to
the flywheel housing.
The Mitsubishi engine serial number
is stamped on the fuel injection pump.
(arrow)
Model and engine serial number must be
given when ordering spare parts.
2 Introduction
Cylinder numbering, Fuel pump seal
Maximum
rpm adjustment screw
Lead seal
VD00153
VD00150
4 Cylinder numbering
5 Fuel pump seal
Cylinders are numbered consecutively,
beginning at the front end.
The manufacturer shall not be held liable
for damages resulting from adjustments
made to the fuel injection pump.
The maximum engine speed adjustment
screw has been sealed to prevent this.
Adjustments to the fuel pump are to be
carried out by authorized Vetus-Mitsubishi
Service specialists only.
2 Introduction
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Identification of engine parts
Service side
Oil filler cap
Raw water inlet ø 20 mm
Raw water pump
Oil dipstick
Manual operation of fuel supply
pump
Oil filter
Water separator/fuel filter drain
plug
Water separator/Fuel filter
Gearbox oil dipstick/filler cap
Fuse
Electrical system connector box
Fuel return pipe connection
ø 8 mm
Air inlet silencer
Water separator/fuel filter air bleed
nipple
Manual operation of electric stop
Fuel supply pipe connection
ø 8 mm
Fuel lift pump
Connection for throttle push-pull
cable
Gearbox
VD01118
2 Introduction
Identification of engine parts
Starter side
20 Gearbox drain plug
21 Connection for gearbox push-pull
cable
22 Starter motor
23 Alternator
24 V-belt
25 Connection for extra expansion
tank (Keel cooling model only)
26 Calorifier connection
27 Cooling system air bleed nipple
28 Filler cap for cooling system
29 Expansion tank
30 Heat exchanger
31 Cooling system drain plug
32 Airvent connection
33 Exhaust injection bend ø 40 mm
VD01119
2 Introduction
Control panels
1
2
5
4
5
6
7
8
9
4
6
8
7
3
3
VD00576
VD00575
Basic panel (model 22)
Fly-bridge panel (excl. voltmeter, model 21)
Sailingboat panel (model 10)
7 Warning light battery charging
8 Indicator light pre-heating
9 Warning light gearbox low oil pressure *
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
Tachometer/Operating hours counter
Voltmeter
Starter pre-heat switch/lock
Warning light high raw water temperature
Warning light low oil pressure
Warning light high coolant temperature
*) This is an option, not fitted as standard.
3 Use
General guidelines
General guidelines for use
Implementing the following recommendations will result in longer life and better
performance and more economical operation of your engine.
as well as protecting against frost damage. For specifications see page 67.
• Never run the engine without a thermostat.
• Carry out the maintenance described
regularly, including the ‘Daily procedures before starting’.
• Use a good quality lubricating oil. For
specifications see page 65.
• Use anti-freeze in the engine coolant all
year long, this helps prevent corrosion
• Use a good quality diesel fuel that is
free of water and other pollutants.
• Always stop the engine immediately if
one of the warning lamps for oil pressure, high coolant temperature, high
raw water temperature or battery charging lights up.
11
3 Use
Engine Oil
First commissioning
OIL
OIL
3.6 litres (6 UK pt, 7.6 US pt) 15W40
API: CD, CE or CF4
CCMC: D4, D5
For example:
- Vetus Marine Inboard Diesel Motor
Oil
- Shell Super Diesel T
VD01120
1 Commissioning the engine
2 Filling with engine oil
Before starting the engine for the first time,
the following procedures must be carried
out:
As a rule engines are delivered empty of
oil.
Fill the engine with oil through the filler
neck on top of the valve cover, for quantity
and specification see page 65.
Check the oil level with the dipstick, see
page 23.
12
VD01002
A second oil filling cap is located at the
distribution cover.
3 Use
Vetus engines are normally equipped
with ZF-Hurth or Technodrive gearboxes.
First commissioning
OIL
OIL
In case your engine is equipped with
another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners manual.
VD01024
17
VD01024
27
3 Filling gearbox with oil
Fill the gearbox with oil.
Check the oil level with the dipstick, see
page 32.
ZF Hurth:
type ZF10M
:0.35 litres
(0.6 UK pt, 0.74 US pt)
type ZF12
:1.1 litres
(1.9 UK pt, 2.3 US pt)
type ZF15MA
:0.56 litres
(1 UK pt, 1.2 US pt)
type ZF15V
:1.0 litres
(1.8 UK pt, 2.1 US pt)
Technodrive:
type TMC40
:0.20 litres
(0.35 UKpt, 0.4 US pt)
Engine oil SAE 20/30
ATF: Automatic Trans­mission Fluid type
A, Suffix A.
13
3 Use
Coolant
quantity
First commissioning
:
3.0 litres
(5.3 UK pt, 6.3 US pt)
Water
If a water heater is connected to the
engine and this heater is positioned
above the upper side of the engine
then bleeding of the heater will not
take place automatically! Fill the heater
separately to bleed the cooling system
completely.
(3/8”)
VD01121
VD00158
heater
VD01005
4 Filling the cooling system
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
top of the heat exchanger housing.
Remove the bolt from the upper side of the
thermostat cover, so that air can escape
from the cooling system.
Fill the cooling system.
Use a mixture of 40% antifreeze (ethyleneglycol based) and 60% tap water or use a
special coolant.
For specifications see page 67.
14
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
Bleeding will take place automatically during filling!
Replace the filler cap.
After the engine has run for the first time
and has reached operating temperature
and has cooled down again to ambient
temperature, check the coolant level in the
heat exchanger housing.
If necessary, add coolant.
Never fill the cooling system with sea
water or brackish water.
3 Use
First commissioning
Running-in
FUEL
Never fill the fuel tank while the engine is
running. Do not spill fuel. Prevent unnecessary pollution.
VD00002
5 Fuel
6 Other preparations
7 Running-in
Ensure that the fuel tank is filled with diesel fuel.
Use only clean, water-free, commercial
approved diesel fuel.
For fuel grade see page 66.
Bleed the fuel system, see page 26.
• Check battery and cable connections.
In order to ensure a long life for your
engine, please observe the following for
the first 50 operating hours:
• Start the engine, see page 16, and let it
run for about 10 minutes without load.
Check the engine and all connections
(fuel, cooling water and exhaust) for
leaks.
• Allow the engine to reach operating
temperature before applying a load.
• Avoid fast acceleration.
• Do not allow the engine to run faster
than 3/4 of maximum RPM.
15
3 Use
Before starting,
ing points:
•
•
•
•
•
Starting
always
check the follow-
Engine oil level.
Coolant level.
Sea cock open.
Main switch ‘on’.
Gearbox in ‘neutral’ position.
neutral
gearbox
reverse
reverse
throttle
gearbox
forward
half throttle,
gearbox not engaged
forward
throttle
VD00111
VD00112
After repair work:
8 Preparation starting
9 Control lever
Check that all guards have been replaced
and that all tools have been removed from
the engine.
When starting with pre-heating, do not use
any other substance (e.g. injection with
‘Easy Start’). Doing so could result in an
accident.
Before starting the engine, always check
that the control lever(s) is (are) in the neutral position.
Set the control lever to ‘half throttle’ without engaging the gearbox.
Never start the engine with the fuel
injection pump removed.
Disconnect battery.
16
3 Use
Starting
Ambient
Temperature
Pre-heating time
Above + 5°C (41°F) about 6 seconds
+5°C to -5°C
(+41°F to +23°F)
Below -5°C (23°F)
Maximum
pre-heating time
VD00107
about 18 seconds
1 minute
VD00108
10 Pre-heating
Turn the start key on the instrument panel
clock-wise; the warning lights for oil pressure and alternator will now light up and
the alarm buzzer will sound.
about 12 seconds
Turn the key further clockwise to the ‘
position; only the pre-heating indicator light will be lit now.
11 Pre-heating time
’
The ideal pre-heating time depends on
ambient temperature; the lower the ambient temperature, the longer the pre-heating time required. See table.
Hold the key in this position for about 6
seconds.
WarNiNg
To prevent the glow plugs from burning
out, never exceed the stated maximum
pre-heating time.
17
3 Use
Starting
VD00109
Warning
Warning
Release the key if the engine does
not fire within 10 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped running
completely before turning the key to
the ‘start’ position again. Never allow
the starter motor to run for more than
30 seconds consecutively.
Never turn the key to the ‘start’ position while the engine is running.
Doing so will damage the starter
motor.
Check that the indicator lights for oil pressure and alternator are off. Cooling water
should now flow out of the exhaust; if this
is not the case, stop the engine immediately. Before submitting the engine to full
load it should be brought up to operating
temperature as quickly as possible by
running at 3/4 of maximum revs. never
turn the main switch off while the engine
is running.
The instrument panel is provided with the
following instruments (Depending of the
type of panel, see page 10).
VD00110
12 Starting
Now turn the key further to the ‘start’
position.
Release the key as soon as the engine
fires (the key will return to the ‘on’ position) and throttle back.
Leave the key in this position while the
engine is running.
18
3 Use
Cruising
VD00114
VD00113
13 Tachometer
14 Voltmeter
15 Warning lights
Indicating the number of revolutions per
minute of the engine.
Avoid idling for more than 10 minutes.
Also the number of running hours is indicated.
Indicating the battery voltage.
When the engine is running, the battery
voltage should be between 12 and 14
Volts.
With the engine stopped and the start key
in the first position, the voltmeter should
indicate 12 Volts.
None of the five warning lights should light
up while the engine is running. Oil pressure, battery charging and temperature
indicator lights are all connected to an
alarm buzzer. If this alarm buzzer sounds
while running, Stop the engine immediately!
Idling speed :
900 rpm
19
3 Use
VD00105
Stopping
VD00106
16 Electrical shutdown
Reduce engine speed to idle and shift the
gearbox to ‘Neutral’. Turn the key entirely
to the left, through the ‘Off’ position.
Never stop the engine immediately after
it has been in operation for a long time.
Allow the engine to idle for a few minutes
before stopping.
20
VD01037
17 Mechanical shutdown
When the engine has stopped, turn the
key to the ‘Off’ position.
If the engine is not to be used for some
time, it is recommended that the sea cock
is closed and the battery main switch
turned off.
On the engine itself stopping is possible
by pressing the black button on the fuel
injection pump.
If the fuel supply is not shut off by the electrically operated fuel solenoid stopping of
the engine can be done this way.
4 Maintenance
Introduction
Introduction
The following guidelines should be
observed for daily and periodic maintenance. Perform each function at the indicated time interval.
Failure to carry out maintenance can result
in faults and permanent damage to the
engine.
No claim can be made on the Guarantee if
maintenance has been neglected.
The intervals stated are for normal operational conditions. Service the unit more
frequently under severe conditions.
21
4 Maintenance
Maintenance schedule
Every 10 hours or daily, before starting
Every 500 hours, at least once every year
Check engine oil level
23
Gearbox oil change
33
Check coolant level
24
Check valve clearance
34
Check water strainer
25
Replace fuel filter
36
Check V-belt
38
Check flexible engine mounts
39
After the first 50 hours
Drain water from fuel filter
26
Check engine for leaks
39
Engine oil change
28
Check tightness of all fasteners, bolts and nuts
39
Replace oil filter
28
Gearbox oil change
33
Every 1000 hours, at least once every 2 years
Replace fuel filter
36
Raw water pump inspection
40
Check idle rpm
47
Replace coolant
42
Every 100 hours, at least once every year
When required
Drain water from fuel filter
26
Bleeding fuel system
26
Engine oil change
28
Cleaning heat exchanger
44
Replace oil filter
28
Check idle rpm
47
Battery, cables and cable connections
30
Check gearbox oil level
32
Stop the engine before carrying out any maintenance work.
22
4 Maintenance
VD01001
Checking engine oil level
Daily, before starting.
VD00155
VD01120
1 Check oil level
2 Oil level
3 Topping up oil
Turn the engine off.
The dipstick is located on the starboard
side of the engine.
The oil level must be at or near the upper
mark on the dipstick*. If necessary top up
with the same brand and type of oil.
The oil filling cap is on top of the the valve
cover,.
*) The difference between the two oil level
marks is:
1.8 litres (3.2 UK pt, 3.8 US pt)
A second oil filling cap is located at the
distrubution cover, see page 12.
23
4 Maintenance
Checking coolant level
Daily, before starting.
VD01122
(3/8”)
VD00158
VD01005
VD01121
4 Checking coolant level
Check the coolant level in the header tank.
This has to be checked when the engine
is cold.
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
heat exchanger.
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
5 Topping up coolant
If necessary, top up.
When topping up coolant, remove the
bolt from the upper side of the thermostat
cover, so that air can escape from the
cooling system.
Warning
Never open the cap on the header tank
when the engine is at operating temperature.
24
The internal cooling system can be filled
with a mixture of anti-freeze (40 %) and tap
water (60 %) or with a special coolant. For
specification, see page 67
Never fill the cooling system with sea
water or brackish water.
4 Maintenance
VD00125
Checking and cleaning the raw water strainer
Daily, before starting.
CT30119
6 Checking the raw water strainer
7 Cleaning the strainer
Check daily whether there is any dirt in the
raw water strainer.
Close the seacock before removing the lid
of the water strainer.
Clean the raw water strainer as often as is
necessary, depending on the pollution of
the waterways, but at least once every 6
months. A clogged raw water strainer will
result in excessive temperatures or overheating of the engine coolant.
Check the sealing between the lid and
housing after cleaning and re-assembling
the strainer. An improperly sealed lid will
result in air sucked in by the sea water
pump which again will result in overheating of the engine.
25
4 Maintenance
VD01006
Draining of water from the water separator/fuel filter
Every 100 operating hours.
CT30119
VD01007
13
8 Empty fuel filter
9 Empty water separator
10 Bleeding
• Open the drain plug at the lower side of
the filter.
• Drain the water and close the drain
plug.
Empty the separately installed water separator/fuel filter:
• Open the drain plug at the lower side of
the filter.
• Drain the water and close the drain
plug.
After the water separator/fuel filter has
been drained, the air has to be bled from
the fuel system
The fuel system is self-bleeding; but manual bleeding the system is recommended.
Open the two bleeding nipples.
Note : The water separator is not within
the scope of supply but installation is
required!
One (1) bleeding nipple is located at the
filter.
26
4 Maintenance
VD01008
Draining of water from the water separator/fuel filter
Every 100 operating hours.
10
14
VD01009
VD00109
11 Start the engine
A second bleeding nipple is located at the
fuel injection pump.
Prime the fuel system by pumping the fuel
pump.
Close the bleeding nipples when all air
has escaped.
N.B. It is necessary to operate the lever
over the full stroke for proper operation.
Operate the starter switch until the engine
fires; release the starter switch if the engine
does not fire within 20 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped before making a new attempt to start the engine.
Repeat the above if the engine cuts out
after a short time.
27
4 Maintenance
Engine oil change
Every 100 operating hours.
12 Engine oil change
Change the engine oil every 100 hours of
operation (together with engine oil filter
replacement).
If the engine runs less than 100 hours during the year the oil should be changed at
least once a year.
Run the engine for a few minutes before
changing the oil; warm oil can be pumped
out more easily.
VD01010
Change the oil with a switched off engine
at operation temperature. (Lube oil temperature approx. 80°C (176°F).)
Be aware of the risk of skin burning during
draining the hot oil! Used oil must be collected in a container for proper disposal
according to laws and regulations.
28
VD01026
13 Draining the oil
14 Removing the oil filter
Remove the dipstick; insert the suction
hose of the supplied sump pump in the
dipstick tube.
Push down the pump handle quickly and
pull it up slowly.
Unscrew the oil filter, with a commercially
available tool, when all the oil has been
pumped out.
Catch any dripping oil.
Beware of burns from hot oil.
4 Maintenance
Oil
filter, art.code:
Engine oil change
Every 100 operating hours.
Amount of oil: 4.1 litres
(oil filter incl.) (7.2 UK pt, 8.7 US pt)
STM0051
VD00124
VD01011
VD01120
15 Oiling the oil seal
16 Oil filter installation
17 Refilling with oil
Clean the contact surface of the gasket.
Lubricate the oil seal of the new filter element with clean engine oil.
Install the filter in accordance with the
instructions printed on the filter element
housing.
Refill the engine with new oil (for specification see page 65) through the filler opening in the valve cover.
Operate the engine at idling speed for a
short period of time. Check for oil leaks
whilst the engine is running.
Stop the engine. Allow 5 minutes for the oil
to return to the sump. Check the oil level
with the dipstick.
29
4 Maintenance
Battery, cables and connections
Every 100 operating hours.
Vetus maintenance-free batteries
VD00117
VD00118
Green
Dot
VD00121
All Dark
VD00122
clear
VD00123
18 Battery, battery connections
19 Checking specific gravity
20 Hydrometer operation
Keep battery clean and dry.
Remove battery cables (negative first).
Clean battery posts (+ and -) and clamps
and grease with acid-free and acid-resistant grease.
Ensure that clamps make good contact
after reassembling. Hand tighten the bolts
only.
Every Vetus Maintenance-free battery has
a hydrometer (1) built into the cover.
Visual inspection of the hydrometer will
show one of three conditions:
• Green dot visible - State of charge
65 % or more.
• Dark - State of charge less than 65
%. Recharge immediately.
• Clear or light yellow - Electrolyte level
low.
In case of low level, caused by overcharging the battery for a long period
of time with a voltage too high, replace
battery. Check alternator and/or voltage
regulator.
30
4 Maintenance
Battery, cables and connections
Every 100 operating hours.
Conventional batteries
Conventional batteries
Specific
gravity
State of
charge
1.280
100%
1.200
50%
1.120
10%
VD00119
recharge
recharge
immediately
VD00120
21 Checking electrolyte level
22 Checking specific gravity
For conventional batteries it is required
to check the electrolyte level regularly.
Remove vent caps (taking care no spark
or open flame is nearby) and inspect the
level. Fluid should be 10 to 15 mm (3/8” to
5/8”) above top of all plates. If necessary
top up with distilled water. Replace vent
caps and charge the battery for 15 minutes at 15 - 25 Amps to mix electrolyte.
Measure the electrolyte specific gravity
of the individual cells with a commercial hydrometer. The hydrometer reading
(see table) indicates the state of charge.
Hydrometer reading of all cells should be
at least 1.200 and show less than 0.050
between high and low. If not, recharge or
replace battery. During checking the temperature of the electrolyte should preferably be 20°C (68°F).
The gases emitted by the battery are
explosive! Keep sparks and naked flames
away from the battery!
Do not allow battery acid to come into
contact with skin or clothing!
Wear protective goggles!
Do not rest tools on the battery!
31
4 Maintenance
VD01038
Gearbox oil level check
Every 100 operating hours.
17
VD01032
23 Oil level check (ZF-Hurth)
24 Oil level check (Technodrive)
Unscrew the dipstick out of the gearbox
housing.
The oil level must between the two marks
on the dipstick
If necessary top up.
The fillercap is on top of the gearbox
housing. For oil type and specification see
page 65.
Check the oil level by cleaning the dipstick and lowering it into the hole, without
screwing it in. The oil level should be
between the end and the notch in the
dipstick.
If necessary top up by pouring oil in the
dipstick hole. For oil type and specification
see page 65.
32
Vetus engines are normally equipped
with ZF-Hurth or Technodrive gearboxes. Consult the supplied Owners Manual
for more details about care and maintenance. In case your engine is equipped
with another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners
manual for changing oil and other care
and maintenance.
4 Maintenance
VD01043
Changing the gearbox oil
Every 500 operating hours.
VD01042
VD01034
25 Draining the oil
Drain the oil with the aid of a separate
sump pump.
Remove the dipstick (ZF-Hurth,
17) or
remove the dipstick (Technodrive,
27).
Insert the suction hose of the sump pump
in the dipstick hole. Push down the pump
handle quickly and pull it up slowly.
Remove the sump pump when all the old
oil has been pumped out.
26 Filling with new oil
Or, if sufficient space below the gearbox is
available, oil can be drained by removing
the drain plug.
Drain plug: ZF-Hurth Technodrive 17
14
Collect the oil in a dripping pan.
Refill the gearbox to the correct level via
the dipstick opening (ZF-Hurth,
17) or
via the filling hole (Techno­drive,
27).
For oil specification see page 65.
In case your engine is equipped with
another brand of gearbox follow the
instructions given in the supplied owners
manual for changing oil and other care
and maintenance.
33
4 Maintenance
Checking valve clearance
Every 500 operating hours.
Mark on gearcase
17°
VD01123
14
VD00149
TDC mark
Injection timing
mark
27
27 Checking / adjusting valve clearance
28 Remove rocker cover
29Locating TDC
Checking the valve clearance must be
done with a cold engine, that is an engine
which did not run for at least 6 hours.
Remove the 2 nuts of the rocker cover.
Complete the following steps:
Locate the Top Dead Center (TDC), at the
end of the compression stroke, for cylinder 1 by barring the engine slowly until the
TDC marks of the engine block and the
crank pulley match.
Note: There are two TDC’s e.g. compression and suction. At the TDC at the end
of the compression stroke the rocker arm
34
does not move when the crank pulley is
rotated a little.
4 Maintenance
Valve
Checking valve clearance
Every 500 operating hours.
clearance:Inlet
0.25 mm (0.010”)
Exhaust 0.25 mm (0.010”)
VD01016
10
VD00153
30 Adjusting valve clearance
Cylinders are numbered consecutively,
beginning at the front end.
• Check valve clearance at cylinder 1 and
adjust if necessary.
• Rotate the crankshaft 240° clockwise
and check valve clearance at cylinder 3.
• Again rotate the crankshaft 240° and
check valve clearance at cylinder 2.
35
4 Maintenance
Fuel filter replacement
Every 500 operating hours.
Fuel
VD01017
31 Fuel filter removal
filter, art.code:
STM3690
VD00154
Keep naked flames away when working
on the fuel system. Do not smoke!
VD00133
32 Fuel filter installation
The fuel filter is to be replaced as a unit.
• Close the fuel stopcock.
• Clean any debris from the filter carrier
rim.
• Remove the fuel filter, use a filter wrench.
Catch any fuel.
• Lubricate the rubber gasket sparingly
with clean engine oil.
• Fill the new filter with clean diesel fuel.
36
4 Maintenance
Fuel filter replacement
Every 500 operating hours.
VD00109
33 Bleeding
34 Start the engine
After replacing the fuel filter the air has to
be bled from the fuel system.
Operate the starter switch until the engine
fires; release the starter switch if the engine
does not fire within 20 seconds. Wait until
the starter motor has stopped before making a new attempt to start the engine.
For bleeding see page 26.
Repeat the above if the engine cuts out
after a short time.
37
4 Maintenance
V-belt,
art.code:
Checking the V-belt
Every 500 operating hours.
STM7439
VD00034
VD00128
VD00129
12
14
35 Inspection V-belt
36 Checking tension
37 Tensioning V-belt
Inspect the belt for wear and tear (fraying
and cracking). Belts which are in poor
condition should be replaced.
Check tension of the V-belt by applying
moderate finger and thumb pressure. If
the deflection of the belt is more than
12 mm (1/2”), using about 10 kg (20 lbs)
thumb pressure, it should be tensioned.
Loosen the bolt of the adjustment bracket
and both the alternator mounting bolts.
Now push the alternator outwards until the
belt tension is correct.
Now first re-tighten the upper mounting
bolt of the alternator.
Then re-tighten the bolt of the adjustment
bracket and the lower mounting bolt.
Check, tension and change belts only
with the engine off. Refit belt guard, if
provided.
38
4 Maintenance
VD01124
Flexible engine mounts, hose connections and fasteners
Every 500 operating hours.
VD01041
38 Check flexible engine mounts
39 Inspection hose connections
40 Check fasteners
Check the bolts which secure the damper
element, the mounting bolts to engine bed
and the nuts at the adjustment spindle for
tightness.
Inspect the rubber element of the engine
support for cracks. Also check the deflection of the damper element, the deflection
influences the alignment of engine and
propshaft! Re-align engine in case of
doubt.
Inspect all hose connections of the coolingsystem. (Cracked hoses, loose hose
clamps)
Check tightness of all fasteners, bolts and
nuts.
39
4 Maintenance
Raw water pump inspection
Every 1000 operating hours.
VD01125
7
10
VD01126
VD01031
41 Raw water pump inspection
42 Pump cover removal
43 Impeller removal
The rubber impeller of the outboard water
pump is not proof against running dry.
If the water supply has been blocked, it
may be necessary to replace the impeller.
Always carry a spare impeller on board.
Inspection where appropriate changing is
as follows:
• Slide the impeller off of the shaft using
a waterpump plier.
• Close the sea cock.
• Mark the impeller to ensure correct
re-installation if it is to be re-used. The
impeller must be installed in the same
position as removed.
• Remove the cover of the pump by
unscrewing the screws out of the housing.
40
4 Maintenance
Impeller,
art.code:
Raw water pump inspection
Every 1000 operating hours.
STM8061
O-Ring,
art.code:
STM7686
STM7696
VD00127
VD00004
VD00582
44 Impeller inspection
45 Re-install the impeller
46 Replacing the pump cover
• Inspect the impeller for damage.
• The impeller should be lubricated with
glycerin or a non-petroleum based lubricant such as a silicone spray before fitting it into the impeller housing.
• Replace the cover with a new O-ring.
• Replace the impeller if necessary.
• Check the water filter and open the sea
cock.
• Fit the impeller to the pump shaft. (if an
existing impeller is re-used, install it in
the same position as removed).
41
4 Maintenance
Coolant replacement
Every 1000 operating hours.
47 Coolant replacement
The coolant has to be replaced every
1000 operating hours or at least once
every two years.
1
N.B. Replacing the coolant may also
be necessary as part of the winter storage procedure; in case that the coolant
present in the cooling system offers insufficient protection for the winter.
2
VD01025
14
48 Draining of coolant
Be aware of the risk of skin burning during draining the hot coolant! Used coolant must be collected in a container for
proper disposal according to laws and
regulations.
42
Remove the drain plugs from the engine
block (1) and heat exchanger (2). Remove
the filler cap to vent the cooling system
and check that all the coolant has been
drained. After draining replace the drain
plugs.
VD01018
13
4 Maintenance
Coolant:
quantities
Coolant replacement
Every 1000 operating hours.
3.0 litres)
(5.3 UK pt, 6.3 UK pt)
Water
If a water heater is connected to the
engine and this heater is positioned
above the upper side of the engine
than bleeding of the heater will not
take place automatically! Fill the heater
separately to bleed the cooling system
completely.
(3/8”)
VD01121
VD00158
heater
VD01005
49 Filling the cooling system
Remove the cap of the filler neck on the
top of the heat exchanger housing.
Remove the bolt from the upper side of the
thermostat cover, so that air can escape
from the cooling system.
Fill the cooling system.
Use a mixture of 40% antifreeze (ethyleneglycol based) and 60% tap water or use a
special coolant.
For specifications see page 67.
The level of the coolant must be approx.
1 cm (3/8”) below the lower edge of the
filler neck.
Bleeding will take place automatically during filling!
Replace the filler cap.
After the engine has run for the first time
and has reached operating temperature
and has cooled down again to ambient
temperature, check the coolant level in the
heat exchanger housing.
If necessary, add coolant.
Never fill the cooling system with sea
water or brackish water.
43
4 Maintenance
VD01018
Cleaning the heat exchanger
13
VD01122
50 Remove the drain plug
• Close the seacock and detach the
water inlet hose from the sea water
pump.
• Drain the coolant: To do this, remove
the drain plug from the heat exchanger
housing.
44
VD01019
6
51 Removal of bolts out of the end
covers
• Remove the filler cap from the top of the
heat exchanger housing to allow air into
the system and check that all coolant
has drained off.
• Remove the alternator.
Take out both central bolts from the end
covers and take the end covers with the
O-rings out of the housing.
4 Maintenance
VD01020
Cleaning the heat exchanger
6
VD01021
STM7217
52 Remove heat exchanger
53 Cleaning the heat exchanger
Slide the heat exchanger out of the housing.
Clean the heat exchanger: Use a pipe
cleaner to remove fouling in the pipes.
Then rinse the heat exchanger pipes with
clean water.
Ensure that both heat exchanger end
chambers are free from dirt.
45
4 Maintenance
Cleaning the heat exchanger
O-ring,
VD00157
art.code:
STM6113 (2 x)
STM6202
54 Replacing heat exchanger
55 Replacing the end covers
Replace the heat exchanger in the original
position in the heat exchanger housing.
Use new O-rings (61 x 2.5 mm) which
have been greased.
Fit the end covers in the housing; the connector cover is fitted with a locating pin
so that it can be fitted in one way only in
relation to the heat exchanger.
This ensures the correct position of the
separator baffle in the connector cover in
relation to the heat exchanger.
Tighten up the bolts when both covers are
in the correct position.
• Refit the drain plug.
• Reconnect
removed.
all
hoses
previously
• Refill the cooling system, see page 43.
46
4 Maintenance
Checking engine speed
Warning
Minimum
speed adjustment screw
The maximum engine speed adjustment screw has been correctly set
at the factory and sealed. DO NOT
attempt to remove this seal.
Maximum
speed adjustment screw
Lead seal
VD00134
At full load (with the boat cruising) the
maximum engine speed should be about
3600 RPM (see technical data page 62). If
the engine does not reach this speed, it is
being overloaded!
If this is the case, check the ship’s propeller for defects or irregularities, and
also to see that it is the correct pitch and
diameter.
VD00150
10
56 Checking engine speed
57 Adjusting engine idling speed
The engine idling speed should be
900 rpm.
Allow the engine to warm up normally
(until the coolant temperature reaches at
least 60°C (140°F).) before checking and/
or adjusting the idling speed.
Check the engine RPM using a rev. counter, or use the rev. counter fitted to the
control panel.
If the engine speed differs from that stated
above, it must be adjusted.
The engine idling speed can be reset
using the adjustment screw on the fuel
pump.
47
5 Winter storage procedure
VD01006
VD00136
1 Fuel system
Drain the water from the water separator/
fuel filter and the fuel tank. Ensure that the
tank is completely filled with fuel.
Running with protective fuel mixture
Connect the fuel supply pipe to a can filled
with a mixture of one (1) part of engine oil*
to nine (9) parts of clean fuel**. Use this
mixture to run the engine at no load for
approx. 10 minutes.
Stop the engine.
* Engine oil with protective properties.
E.g. Shell Super Diesel T 10W40
**Preferably water-free fuel.
Collect some fuel from the return pipe,
while engine is running.
Never run the engine under load with this
mixture of fuel and oil.
48
5 Winter storage procedure
VD01010
VD00125
2 Lubrication system
3 Raw water cooling system
With the engine still at operating temperature: (If not, run the engine until warm,
then turn off.)
Close the seacock before removing the lid
of the water strainer. If necessary, clean
the raw water strainer.
Pour 1 litre (1/4 Imp.gal.) of anti-freeze into
the water strainer and run the engine until
the anti-freeze has disappeared into the
cooling system.
Take care that no anti-freeze is spilled into
the waterway (anti-freeze is poisonous).
Replace the oil filter and change the
engine oil; use oil with protective properties. See page 65.
Check the seal between the lid and housing after cleaning and re-assembling the
strainer.
An improperly sealed lid will result in air
sucked in by the raw water pump which
again will result in overheating of the
engine.
49
5 Winter storage procedure
VD01122
VD00139
4 Fresh water cooling system
5 Electrical system
To avoid corrosion during winter storage
the cooling system must be filled with an
antifreeze/water mixture (or a coolant). For
specifications see page 67.
N.B. Replacing the coolant is only necessary if the coolant present in the cooling
system offers insufficient protection for
the winter.
For coolant replacement see page 42.
Disconnect the battery cables.
50
CT40063
Charge batteries during winter lay-up regularly if required!
6 Recommissioning after winter storage
VD00027
VD00141
VD01017
1 Fuel system
Drain the water from the water separator/
fuel filter. (page 26)
Drain the water from the fuel tank.
Install a new fuel filter. (page 36).
51
6 Recommissioning after winter storage
VD00137
VD01001
Open the fuel valve.
52
VD00125
2 Lubrication system
3 Raw water cooling system
Check the engine oil level. (page
Check that the lid of the raw water strainer
is reinstalled.
6 Recommissioning after winter storage
VD01125
The lid of the raw water pump and drain
plugs are reinstalled. (pages 40, 42)
VD01045
Re-tighten possible loose hose clamps.
VD00138
Open the sea cock.
53
6 Recommissioning after winter storage
VD01122
CT40063
4 Fresh water cooling system
5 Electrical system
Check the coolant level. (page 24)
Make sure that the batteries are fully
charged. (page 30, 50)
54
VD00140
Connect the batteries.
6 Recommissioning after winter storage
VD01127
VD01043
VD00581
6 Check engine for leaks
7 Changing the gearbox oil
8 Checking instruments and
remote controls
Start the engine.
Check the fuel system, the cooling system
and the exhaust for leakage.
Stop the engine and change the oil of the
gearbox. (page 33)
Check the operation of the instruments,
the remote control and the gearbox.
55
7 Troubleshooting
Engine faults are in most cases caused by
improper operation or insufficient maintenance.
In case of a fault, always check first that
the operation and maintenance instructions have been followed.
In the following tables information is given
about the possible causes of faults and
suggested remedies.
56
General
Please note that these tables can never be
complete.
If you are unable to identify the cause of
the fault or to rectify it yourself, then contact the nearest service representative.
Before starting, make sure that nobody is
in the immediate vincinity of the engine.
When carrying out repair, never start
the engine with the fuel injection pump
removed removed.
Disconnect battery!
7 Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
2 Engine cranks but will not start, no smoke from
exhaust
1 Engine will not crank
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
b
Faulty or discharged battery. Loose or corroded connections
in starting circuit.
c Faulty starter-switch or faulty
starter-relay.
d Faulty starter-motor or pinion
does not engage.
e Starter relay is not engaged
due to a voltage too low; caused by a very long intermediate
cable from engine to control
panel.
Check / recharge battery and check engine
alternator and/or battery
charger.
b Clean and tighten connections.
c Check / replace.
d
Check / replace startermotor.
e Install an auxiliary starter
relay.
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
Fuel stop valve closed.
(Nearly) Empty fuel tank.
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
Vent line of fuel supply tank
clogged.
h Exhaust restricted.
Open.
Refill.
c Check and bleed.
d Check or replace.
b
e
Check / replace.
f
Check, replace if
required.
g Check / clean.
h
Check.
57
7 Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
3 Engine cranks but will not start, smoke from exhaust
4 Engine starts but runs unevenly (rough idling) or stalls
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
Air in fuel system.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
a
a
a
b
b
c
Setting of stop valve incorrect.
Faulty glow plugs.
e Incorrect valve clearance.
f Incorrect injection timing after
overhauling of engine.
g Insufficient intake air.
c
d
d
f
Check and bleed.
Check, replace if
required.
Check / adjust.
Check / replace.
Adjust.
Check / adjust.
g
Check.
f
h
h
b
i
58
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
b
e
Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
i Replace.
(Nearly) Empty fuel tank.
Air in fuel system.
c Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
d Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
e Faulty injector/injection pump.
g
h
i
j
k
Vent line of fuel supply tank
clogged.
Fuel supply line restricted.
Incorrect valve clearance.
Idle setting too low.
Exhaust restricted.
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
Refill.
Check and bleed.
c Check or replace.
d
Check / replace.
e
Check, replace if
required.
f Check / clean.
g
Check / clean.
Adjust.
i Check/ adjust.
j Check.
k Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
h
7 Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
5 Engine does not reach maximum rpm under load
6 Engine overheats
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
c Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
d Faulty injector/injection pump.
a
Faulty injector/injection pump.
a
b
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
a
b
b
c
Check / replace.
d
e
Setting of stop valve incorrect.
Oil level too high.
Incorrect valve clearance.
Exhaust restricted.
Insufficient intake air.
Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
e
Engine overloaded.
k
Check, replace if
required.
Check / adjust.
Lower level.
Adjust.
Check / clean.
Check.
Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
Check size of propeller.
b
Oil level too high.
c
Oil level too low.
Faulty oil filter.
d
e
Coolant pump defective.
Heat exchanger dirty or clogged f
as a result of rubber particles
from a worn impeller.
g Check / top up.
Coolant level too low.
Sea cock closed.
h Open.
i Check / clean.
Raw water strainer clogged.
j Check / replace.
Leaking raw water intake
system.
k Check / replace.
Faulty thermostat.
Faulty impeller raw water pump. l Check / replace.
m Check / replace air
Insufficient intake air.
intake filter.
n Check / replace.
Motor becomes apparantly
overheated as a result of faulty
temperature switch, sensor or
meter.
f
g
h
i
j
k
c
d
f
g
h
i
j
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
Check, replace if
required.
Lower level.
Increase level.
Replace.
Check / clean.
Check / clean.
59
7 Troubleshooting
Fault finding table
7 Engine not firing on all cylinders
8 Engine has little or no oil pressure
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
b
Check and bleed.
Check or replace.
a
b
b
b
c
Check / replace.
Air in fuel system.
Fuel filter clogged with water
and/or contamination.
c Leaking fuel supply line or fuel
injection line.
d Faulty injector/injection pump.
e
Fuel supply line restricted.
Faulty glow plugs.
g Incorrect valve clearance.
f
Check, replace if
required.
e Check / clean.
f Check / replace.
g Adjust.
Oil level too low.
Excessive inclination of engine.
c Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
d
9 Engine oil consumption excessive
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
b
c
d
e
f
60
Increase level.
Check / Adjust.
c Replace.
Oil level too high.
Excessive inclination of engine.
Incorrect lube oil SAE class or
quality for ambient temperature.
Excessive wear of cylinder/
piston.
Insufficient intake air.
Engine overloaded.
Lower level.
Check / Adjust.
c Replace.
b
d
Check compression;
overhaul engine.
e Check.
f Check size of propeller.
7 Troubleshooting
10A
Fault finding table
Blue exhaust smoke (idling)
10C
White exhaust smoke (at full load)
Possible fault
Remedy
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
a
Air in fuel system.
Faulty injector/injection pump.
a
c
Water in fuel system.
Faulty glow plugs.
e Incorrect valve clearance.
f Incorrect injection timing.
g Wrong fuel quality or contaminated fuel.
c
d
d
h
h
b
Oil level too high.
Excessive inclination of engine.
10B
b
Lower level.
Check / Adjust.
Black exhaust smoke (at load)
Possible fault
Remedy
a
a
b
c
Insufficient intake air.
Faulty injector / injection pump.
Engine overloaded, max. rpm
is not reached.
b
Vapour in exhaust gases condenses as a result of very low
ambient temperature.
b
e
f
g
Check and bleed.
Check, replace if
required.
Check water separator.
Check / replace.
Adjust.
Check / adjust.
Check fuel. Drain and
flush fuel tank. Replace
with new fuel.
-
Check.
Check / replace if
required.
c Check sizes of propeller.
b
61
8 Technical data
Model M3.28
General
Make
: Vetus Mitsubishi
Number of cylinders
: 3
Based on : L3E-6ADM
Type
: 4-stroke diesel, in-line
Injection
: Indirect
Aspiration
: Natural
Bore
: 76 mm
Stroke
: 70 mm
Total displacement
:952 cm3
Compression ratio
: 22 : 1
Idling speed
: 900 rpm
Max. no. of revolutions at no load : 3600 rpm
Valve Clearances (cold)
: Inlet 0.25 mm (0.010”)
Exhaust 0.25 mm
(0.010”)
Weight (with standard gearbox)
: 123 kg (271 lbs)
Engine installation
Max. installation angle
: 15 degrees backwards
Max. athwartships angle
: 25 degrees continuously,
30 degrees intermittent
62
Engine specifications
Maximum Output
at the flywheel (ISO 3046-1)
at the prop shaft (ISO 3046-1)
at no. of revolutions of
Torque,
at no. of revolutions
:
:
:
:
:
:
20 kW (27.2 hp)
19.3 kW (26.2 hp)
3600 rpm
51.3 Nm
(5.2 kgm, 37.8 ft.lb)
3600 rpm
Fuel consumption
:
:
:
:
270 g/kW.h
(199 g/hp.h,
7.0 oz/hp.h)
2600 rpm
at no. of revolutions
Fuel System (Self-bleeding)
Injection pump
Injectors
Opening pressure
Firing order
Injection timing
Fuel filter element
Fuel lift pump
Suction height max.
Fuel supply connection
Fuel return connection
: Bosch model NC (Nippon
Denso)
: Plug injector
: 140 bar (kgf/cm3) (2030 psi)
: 1- 3 - 2
: 17° BTDC
: STM3690
: max. 1,5 m (5 ft)
: for hose 8 mm (5/16”) I.D.
: for hose 8 mm (5/16”) I.D.
8 Technical data
Oil lubrication system
Oil capacity, max.
without oil filter
with oil filter
Oil Filter
Oil temperature in sump
Engine specifications
Exhaust system
:
:
:
:
3,6 litres (6 UK pt, 7.6 US pt)
4,1 litres (7.2 UK pt, 8.7 US pt)
STM0051
max. 130°C (266°F)
Cooling system
Capacity,
Intercooler version
: 3 litres (5.3 UK pt, 6.3 US pt)
Keel cooler version
: 4 litres (7 UK pt, 8.5 US pt)
Thermostat
: opening at 71°C±1.5°C
: (160°F±3°F),
: fully opened at 84°C (183°F)
Coolant pump,
Flow at max. engine rpm: 50 l/min (11 UK Gal/min,
13.2 US Gal/min)
Total head keelcooler at max. flow : 2 m Water (6’ 7”)
Inlet connection for hose keelcooler :28 mm (1 1/8”) I.D.
Raw water pump,
Flow at max. engine rpm : 20 l/min (4.4 UKGal/min,
5.3 US Gal/min)
Total head at max. flow : 2 m Water (6’ 7”)
Impeller
: STM8061
Inlet connection for hose : 20 mm (3/4”) I.D.
Heater supply connection : 10 mm (3/8”)
Heater return connection : 8 mm (5/16”)
Exhaust diameter
Exhaust back pressure
: 40 mm
: at specified output
: max. 150 mbar (2.2 psi)
Electrical System
Voltage
:
Alternator
:
Battery capacity
:
Protection
:
V-belt
12 Volt
14 Volt, 50 Amp / 75 Amp
see alternator data tag
Fuse 'ATO'10 Amp
min. 55 Ah, max. 108 Ah
Fuse 'ATO'10 Amp
: STM7439
Gearbox Gear ratio
ZF Hurth:
type
type
type
type
ZF10M
ZF12
ZF15MA
ZF15V
Technodrive: type TMC40
:
:
:
:
1,97
1,14
1,88
2,13
/
/
/
/
2 / 2,72 : 1
2,63 / : 1
2,63 : 1
2,99 : 1
: 2,05 / 2,60 : 1
63
8 Technical data
Screw connection
Cylinder head bolt Torque wrench settings
Diameter
Wrench
size
M10
14
Nm
78
Torque
(kgm)
(ft.lbf)
±5
(8
±0.5)
(58
±3.5)
Cilinder head bolt M8
12
25
±5
(2.5 ±0.5)
(18
±3.5)
Connecting rod nut
M8
14
33
±1.5 (3.35 ±0.15)
(24
±1)
Fly wheel bolt
M10
17
88
±5
(9
±0.5)
(65
±3.5)
Crank shaft pulley nut
M16
24
108
±10
(11
±1.0)
(80
±7)
Main bearing cap bolt
M10
17
52
±2.5
(5.25 ±0.25)
(38
±2)
Rocker stay bolt
M8
12
18
±3.5
(1.85 ±0.35)
(13
±2.5)
Valve cover nut
M6
10
6
±1
(0.6 ±0.1)
Nozzle holder
M20
21
54
±5
(5.5 ±0.5)
(40
±3.5)
Fuel leak oil pipe nut
M12
17
25
±5
(2.5 ±0.5)
(18
±3.5)
(4.5 ±0.8)
Nozzle retaining nut
M16
21
37
±2.5
(3.75 ±0.25)
(27
±2)
Fuel injection pipe nut
M12
17
29
±5
(3.0 ±0.5)
(21
±3.5)
Delivery valve holder
M16
17
36
±2
(3.7 ±0.2)
(26
Injection pump hollow screw
M10
14
12
±2.5
(1.25 ±0.25)
(9
Injection pump air vent screw
M6
10
6
±1
(0.6 ±0.1)
Solenoid lock nut
M30
36
44
±5
(4.5 ±0.5)
(32
Temperature switch
M16
19
22.5 ±4
(2.3 ±0.4)
(16.5 ±3)
Oil filter
M20
—
12
(1.2 ±0.1)
±1
±1.5)
±2)
(4.5 ±0.8)
(9
±3.5)
±0.8)
Oil pressure switch
PT1/8
26
10
±2
(1
±0.2)
(7
±1.5)
Pressure relief valve
M18
22
44
±5
(4.5 ±0.5)
(32
±3.5)
Oil drain plug
M18
19
54
±5
(5.5 ±0.5)
(40
±3.5)
Glow plug
M10
12
17.5 ±2.5
(1.75 ±0.25)
(13
±2)
64
9 Operating media
Lubricating oil
Engine Lubricating Oil
Gearbox Lubricating Oil
Only use a recognised brand of oil for lubricating the engine.
Only use a recognised brand of oil for lubricating the gearbox.
Lube oils are differentiated according to their performance and
quality class. In common use are specifications named after
API (American Petroleum Institute) and CCMC (Committee of
Common Market Automobile Constructors).
Approved API Oils
:
CD, CE and CF4
Approved CCMC Oils
:
D4, D5
ZF Hurth:
type ZF10M
type ZF12
type ZF15MA
type ZF15V
As the viscosity of lube oil is dependent on temperature, the oil
vicosity (SAE grade) should be selected according to the ambient
temperature when the the engine is started.
To avoid oil changes dictated by the seasons we advise one of
the following multi-grade oils.
- SAE 10W40 for temperatures of -25°C up to +30°C
(-13°F up to +86°F)
- SAE 15W40 for temperatures of -20°C up to +35°C
(-4°F up to +95°F)
For example:
Vetus Marine Inboard Motor Oil
Shell Super Diesel T
:0,35 liter ( 0.6 UK pt, 0.74 US pt) ATF*)
:1,1 liter (1.9 UK pt, 2.3 US pt)ATF*)
:0,56 liter (1 UK pt, 1.2 US pt)ATF*)
:1,0 liter (1.8 UK pt, 2.1 US pt)ATF*
Technodrive:
type TMC40
:0,20 litres (0.35 UK pt, 0.42 US pt),
Engine oil SAE 20/30
*) ATF :AutomaticTransmission Fluid;
Transmissie olie type A, Suffix A.
For example
:Vetus Marine Gearbox Oil
Shell Donax T6
Gulf Dextron
Other brands of gearboxes:
See supplied owners manual for oil type and quantities.
65
9 Operating media
Fuel
Fuel Quality Grade
Winter-grade fuel
Use commercially available diesel fuel with less than 0.5% sulfer
content. If the sulfur content is higher than 0.5%, the intervals
between oil changes should be halved e.g. change oil every 250
hours. Don’t use fuel with more than 1% sulfur!
Waxing may occur at low temperatures, clogging the fuel system
and reducing engine efficiency.
If the ambient temperature is less than 0°C (+32°F), winter-grade
fuel -suitable down to -15°C (+5°F) - should be used. This fuel is
usually available from filling stations well in advance of the cold
months. Diesel fuel containing additives (Super Diesel) is often
on sale as well, for use down to -20°C (-4°F).
The following fuel specifications / standards are approved:
• CEN EN 590 or DIN/EN 590 (under development)
• DIN 51 601 (Feb. 1986)
• BS 2869 (1988): A1 and A2
• ASTM D975-88: D1 and D2
• NATO Code F-54 and F75
The exhaust emission levels determined during certification by
the supervising authority are always based on the reference fuel
described by law.
66
9 Operating media
Coolant
Coolant fluid
Water quality for coolant preparation
The preparation and monitoring of coolant in inter-cooled engines
is especially important because corrosion, cavitation and freezing
can lead to engine damage. Use as coolant a mixture of a cooling system protective liquid (anti-freeze, ethylene glycol based)
and tap water.
Use preferably tap water.
In tropical climates, where anti-freeze availability may be limited,
use a corrosion inhibitor to protect the engine cooling system.
The concentration of the cooling system protective liquid in the
coolant should not fall below/exceed the following limits:
If an other available fresh water is used; the values given below
must not be exceeded.
Water quality
min.
pH-value at 20°C (68°F)
6.5
max.
8.5
Chloride ion content [mg/dm3]
–
100
Sulfate ion content [mg/dm3]
–
100
Total hardness [degrees]
3
12
Cooling system protective
Water
Protection against
liquid (Anti-freeze) freezing to
max. 45 vol%
55%
-35°C (-31°F)
40 vol%
60%
-28°C (-18°F)
min. 35 vol%
65%
-22°C (-8°F)
The protective liquid concentration must be maintained under all
circumstances. Therefor if coolant must be added always use the
same mixture of anti-freeze and tap water.
Never use sea-water or brackish water.
Cooling system protective liquids must be disposed of in accordance with environmental regulations.
67
10 Wiring diagram
Engine with panel model ‘20’, ‘21’, ‘22’
Starter switch
'20'
'21'
Tachometer/
hourcounter
Voltmeter
Engine panel model
'22'
-8
X1
-5
-4
17/19 58
15
-7
31
D1
Red
A1
Yellow
A3
Orange Violet White
A4
A2
-1
D3
-2
BZ
L1
A6
R1
Plug 'A'
R2
L2
R3
L3
L4
A4
A2
A5
A6
D5
Gearbox
oil pressure
D9
D10
Pre-heating
Preheating
relay
30
86
87
85
X2M 19/94 61
-6
-4
91
-1
92
-2
93
-5
W
-3
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
B6
B4
B1
B2
B5
B3
Plug 'B'
B+ R
G
Battery
68
L
Battery charging
p
Gray
Blue
Green
ϑ
Brown
Yellow/Green
Socket 'B'
Transparent
VD00215
L6
D8
Fuse
Battery
switch
95
L5
D7
A3
-6
W
Warning
lights
D4
D6
Socket 'A'
A1
-3
Q1
Black
A5
D2
Model
20 21 22
Voltmeter
- 1
Tachometer 1 1
n/h
V
ϑ
3Y
W
Starter motor Pre-heating
Stop solenoid
(ETS)
Alternator
Exhaust Oil
temp. press.
Coolant
temp.
10 Wiring diagram
Options, panel model ‘10’
Starter switch
Engine panel model
'10'
L2:
L3:
L4:
L5:
L6:
31
17/19 58
J3
Red
A1
Yellow
A3
Orange
A4
Violet White
A2
D1
A6
15
D2
D3
D4
Warning lights
Q1
Black
A5
Battery charging
Exhaust temperature
Oil pressure
Coolant temperature
Oil pressure gearbox
BZ
L1
R1
Plug 'A'
R3
L2
R2
L3
L4
L5
D5
L6
J4
D6
D7
D8
D9
D10
Plug 'B'
B6
B4
B1
B2
93
W
95
Gray
92
Blue
91
Green
Yellow/Green
Transparent
19/94 61
Brown
Pre-heating
B5
B3
VD00216
69
11 Overall dimensions
1
3
4
M3.28
ZF10M
180
443
85 - 97
168
50
62
500
332
2
92
430
518
715
VD00574
70
M3.28
1
2
3
4
Exhaust ø 40 mm
Fuel return ø 8 mm
Sea water intake ø 20 mm
Fuel supply ø 8 mm
1:10
12 Index
A
Cylinder numbering 7
Adjusting valve clearance 35
Air inlet silencer 8
Airvent connection 9
Alternator 9
D
B
Battery 30, 31
Bleeding 26
C
Calorifier connection 9
Changing the gearbox oil 33
Checking engine oil level 23
Checking engine speed 47
Checking the V-belt 38
Checking valve clearance 34, 35
Cleaning the heat exchanger 44–46
Connection for extra expansion tank 9
Connection for gearbox push-pull cable 9
Connection for throttle push-pull cable 8
Control panels 10
Coolant 67
Coolant fluid 67
coolant level 24
Coolant replacement 42, 43
Cooling system air bleed nipple 9
Cooling system drain plug 9
Cruising 19
Draining the oil 28
E
Electrical system connector box 8
Engine data tag 6
Engine Lubricating Oil 65
Engine Oil 12
Engine oil change 28, 29
Engine serial number 1, 6
Engine specifications 62, 63
Exhaust injection bend 9
Expansion tank 9
F
fasteners 39
Filler cap for cooling system 9
Filling gearbox 13
Filling the cooling system 14
First commissioning 12, 13, 15
flexible engine mounts 39
Fuel 15, 66
fuel filter 26
Fuel filter replacement 36, 37
Fuel lift pump 8
Fuel Quality Grade 66
Fuel return pipe connection 8
Fuel supply pipe connection 8
Fuse 8
G
Gearbox 8
Gearbox drain plug 9
Gearbox Lubricating Oil 65
Gearbox oil dipstick/filler cap 8
Gearbox oil level check 32
H
Heat exchanger 9
hose connections 39
I
Impeller 41
Introduction 5–10
M
Maintenance 21–47
Maintenance schedule 22
Manual operation of electric stop 8
Manual operation of fuel supply pump 8
O
Oil dipstick 8
Oil filler cap 8
Oil filter 8
71
12 Index
Oil level 23
Operating media 65–67
Overall dimensions 70
P
Pre-heating 17
R
Raw water inlet 8
Raw water pump 8, 40, 41
raw water strainer 25
Recommissioning after winter storage
51–55
Changing the gearbox oil 55
Check engine for leaks 55
Checking instruments and remote
controls 55
Electrical system 54
Fresh water cooling system 54
Fuel system 51
Lubrication system 52
Raw water cooling system 52
Removing the oil filter 28
Running-in 15
S
Safety measures 4
Serial numbers 1
Starter motor 9
72
Starting 16–18
Stopping 20
T
Tachometer 19
Technical data 62–64
Tensioning V-belt 38
Topping up coolant 24
Topping up oil 23
Torque wrench settings 64
Troubleshooting 56–61
U
Use 11–20
V
V-belt 9
Voltmeter 19
W
Warning lights 19
Water separator/Fuel filter 8
water separator/fuel filter 26, 27
Water separator/fuel filter air bleed nipple
8
Water separator/fuel filter drain plug 8
Winter-grade fuel 66
Winter storage procedure 48–50
Electrical system 50
Fresh water cooling system 50
Fuel system 48
Lubrication system 49
Raw water cooling system 49
Wiring diagram 68, 69
Manuals
Art. code
Description
340301.01
340302.01
340303.01
340304.01
340305.01
340306.01
340307.01
340308.01
340309.01
340310.01
Bedieningshandleiding
Operation manual
Bedienungsanleitung
Manuel d’utilisation
Manual de operacion
Istruzioni per l’uso
Brugsanvisning
Användarmanual
Bruksanvisning
Käyttöopas
320331.01 (STM0032) Installatiehandleiding / Installation manual
320199.04 (STM0016) Service- en Garantieboek / Service and Warranty Manual /(Nederlands / English /
Service- und Garantieheft / Livret Garantie et Service /
Deutsch / Français /
Manual de servicio y garantía / Libretto di assistenza e garanzia
Español / Italiano /
Service- og garantibog / Service- och garantihäfte
Dansk / Svenska /
Service- og garantibok / Huolto- ja takuukirja
Norsk / Suomeksi)
341231.01
Onderdelenboek / Parts manual M3.09 / M3.28
342102.01
Service manual M2.C5 / M2.D5 / M2.06 / M3.09 / M3.28
M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28 M3.28
M3.28
(Nederlands)
(English)
(Deutsch)
(Français)
(Español)
(Italiano)
(Dansk)
(Svenska)
(Norsk)
(Suomeksi)
(Nederlands / English)
(Nederlands / English)
(English)
English
340302.01 12-06 English
Printed in the Netherlands
Vetus Diesel M3.28
FOKKERSTRAAT 571 - 3125 BD SCHIEDAM - HOLLAND - TEL.: +31 (10) 4377700
FAX: +31 (10) 4621286 - 4373474 - 4153249 - 4372673 - E-MAIL: SALES@ VETUS.COM
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