Directions
I. The Census of Commerce
1. Purpose of the Census
The Census of Commerce (hereafter referred to as the Census) is intended to
determine current developments of commerce in Japan.
2. Legal Framework
This Census represents “designated statistical survey” (Designated Statistics No.
23) based on the Statistics Law (Law No. 18 of 1947) and is implemented according
to the Regulation for the Census of Commerce (Ordinance No. 60, of the Ministry of
International Trade and Industry of 1952). See the end of this report for the
Regulations applied and the answer sheet format used in the 2007 Census.
3. Date of Survey
The date of survey of the 2007 Census is June 1, 2007.
The Census, a periodical survey, has been conducted every 5 years since 1997, and
intermediate simplified surveys (2 years after the Census) have also been
conducted.
Date of each survey are as follows.
Date of
Coverage
Year
Survey
1952 Sept. 1 Wholesale, Retail,
Eating/drinking place
1954 Sept. 1
〃
1956 July 1
〃
1958 July 1
〃
1960 June 1
〃
1962 July 1
〃
1964 July 1
〃
1966 July 1
〃
1968 July 1
〃
1970 June 1
〃
1972 May 1
〃
1974 May 1
〃
1976 May 1
〃
1979 June 1
〃
1982
Date of
Survey
June 1
1985
1986
1988
1989
1991
1992
1994
1997
1999
2002
2004
2007
May 1
Oct. 1
June 1
Oct. 1
July 1
Oct. 1
July 1
June 1
July 1
June 1
June 1
June 1
Year
1
Coverage
Wholesale, Retail,
Eating/drinking place
Wholesale, Retail
Eating/drinking place
Wholesale, Retail
Eating/drinking place
Wholesale, Retail
Eating/drinking place
Wholesale, Retail
〃
〃 (Simplified survey)
Wholesale, Retail
〃 (Simplified survey)
Wholesale, Retail
4. Scope of the Census
The Census covers establishments falling under “Division J – Wholesale and retail
trade” listed in the Standard Industrial Classification for Japan (Public Notice of
the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication No. 139 of 2002).
The Census covers both public and private establishments, for example, shops
which exist in premises of companies engaged in activities other than commerce,
government offices, schools and factories but are not managed by those
establishments; shops selling commodities, which do not have sales space, such as
door-to-door sales, mail order and catalogue sales.
Also included are independently-managed establishments located within areas
requiring admission to be paid, such as parks, amusement parks, theme parks,
station wickets,* and toll roads.* In such cases, however, areas that require paid
entrance other than those mentioned above—theaters, sporting facilities, etc.—are,
in principle, not included.
Furthermore, establishments that are closed, are in liquidation or are seasonally
operating at the “Date of Survey” will apply to the Census if there should be any full
time employees.
Establishments marked (*) are surveyed, starting from the 2007 Census.
5. Survey Route
The survey routes of the Census are as follows. The methods of survey are as 1) and
2) below.
1) A survey by enumerators in which the respondent fills in the answer sheets
delivered by the enumerator (self-recorded method), which is then collected by the
enumerator.
Supervisors of Enumerators
Minister of
Economy, Trade
and Industry
Prefectural
Governors
Mayors of Citie,
Wards, Towns
and Villages
2
Enumerators for
the Census of
Commerce
Respondents
(Establishments)
2) A blanket survey in which the head office of a commercial establishment fill in the
answer sheets on behalf of their branch establishments on an establishmentby-establishment basis and submit them collectively to METI or prefectural
governments.
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
or Prefectural Governors
Subject Enterprises
6. Survey Items
All of the following survey items (1~18) are for incorporated establishments. Items
16~18 are omitted for individuals.
Items 10~15 are survey items for retailers only.
Survey Items
1.
11.
5.
Name and telephone number of
establishment
Location of establishment
Legal status, amount of paid-up
capital or investment
Distinction between head office
and/or branch, location and
telephone number of head office
Opening year of establishment
6.
Number of employees
16.
7.
Annual sales of goods
17.
8.
Proportion of annual sales of
goods by sales method
Value of goods in stock
Proportion of retail sales of
goods (annual sales) by sales
type
18.
2.
3.
4.
9.
10.
12.
13.
Adoption of self-service system or
not
Sales floor space
Business hours
14.
Availability and capacity
parking space for customers
15.
Affiliation of chain store system or
not
Proportion of annual purchase of
goods by supplier
Proportion of annual wholesales by
purchaser
Number of establishment for the
whole enterprise
3
of
7. Publication
The results of the 2007 Census are publicized as following.
Name of Report
Major Contents
Volume 1
Report by Industry
(Summary)
Volume 2
Report by Industry
(By prefecture)
Volume 3
Report by Industry
(City, towns and
village)
Volume 4
Report by Commodity
Statistical tables by industrial classification, by number
of employees, by class of annual sales of goods and by
class of sales floor space.
Statistical tables by industrial classification, by
prefecture and by special ward of Tokyo and
ordinance-designated city.
Statistical tables by industrial classification and by city,
ward, town and village.
Statistical tables of the number of establishments and
annual sales of goods by commodity.
[Secondary elaboration]
Report by type store
For retailers, statistical tables by sales form and by city,
ward, town and village.
Report by Distribution For incorporated wholesalers, distribution route by
Route
industrial classification and by prefecture.
Report by
Statistical tables regarding retailers by characteristic of
Characteristics of
location, organized by industrial classification, sales form
Location
and prefecture, along with statistical tables regarding
large-scale retail stores.
4
II. About the Reports (Volumes 1~4) of the 2007 Census of Commerce
1. Classifications for the Census
In general, the classification for the Census conforms in principle to the Standard
Industrial Classification for Japan (Public Notice of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
and Communication No. 139 of 2002). See the industrial classification table and the
commodity classification table provided at the end of this report.
2. Criteria for Classification of Establishments
Establishments are classified by industry with the following criteria of
classification.
(1) Common method
1) When an establishment deals with a single commodity, industry is classified
based on upper 4-digit of the 5-digit commodity classification number.
2) When a establishment deals with a multiple number of commodities, the
establishment will be determined as a wholesaler or retailer by comparing which
sales are larger for the upper 2-digit of the commodity classification number of
the wholesale items (50~54) and retail items (56~60).
3) For the determination of the industrial classification, the classifications will
first be categorized by the sales amount of the upper 2-digit of the commodity
classification number. The 2-digit major group classification is made by
searching for the commodity where the upper 2-digit are the largest, and the
3-digit group and the 4-digit industry classification are determined by
classifying the upper 3-digit and the upper 4-digit in the same way.
(2) Specific method
“Wholesale trade, general merchandise,” “Miscellaneous wholesale trade, general
merchandise,”
“Agents
and
brokers,”
“Department
stores
and
general
merchandise supermarkets,” “Miscellaneous retail trade, general merchandise,”
“Grocery stores,” “Convenience stores,” and “Tobacco and smoking article specialty
stores” are classified as follows.
1) Wholesale trade
(a) “4911 Wholesale trade, general merchandise (with 100 or more employees)”
Establishments with 100 or more employees dealing with all 3 goods (producer,
5
capital and consumer goods) given in Table 1, and the sales of each good
amounting to 10% or more of total wholesales.
(b) “4919 Miscellaneous wholesale trade, general merchandise”
Establishments with less than 100 employees dealing with all 3 goods
(producer, capital and consumer goods) shown in Table 1, and the sales of each
goods amounting to less than 50% of total wholesales.
Furthermore, for the above (a) and (b), when the item for producer goods is
“524 Recycled material (wholesale trade)” alone, and the item for consumer
goods is “549 Other products, not elsewhere classified (wholesale trade)” alone,
even though the establishment should be dealing with all 3 goods of producer,
capital and consumer goods, the common method of classification will be made
for the wholesaler.
Table 1
By goods
Classifications
Producer
goods
Capital
goods
Consumer
goods
501
522
523
524
521
531
532
533
539
502
511
512
541
542
549
Name of classification
Textile products (except apparel, apparel accessories, and notions)
Chemicals and related products
Minerals and metals
Recycled material
Building materials
General machinery and equipment
Motor vehicles
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
Miscellaneous machinery and equipment
Apparel, apparel accessories, and notions
Agricultural, animal, and poultry farm and aquatic products
Food and beverages
Furniture, fixtures, and house furnishings
Drugs and toiletries
Other products, not elsewhere classified
(c) “5497 Agents and brokers”
The establishment will be classified as “Agents and brokers” when the amount
of commission fees is higher on comparing “Annual sales of goods” and
“Commission in other income.”
2) Retail trade
(a) “5511 Department stores and general merchandise supermarkets”
Establishments engaged in retail sales of clothing (classification 56), food (do.
57), housing (do. 58~60) given in Table 2 where either of the sales amount of
clothing, food and housing lies from 10% to less than 70% of total retail sales,
6
and the number of employees is 50 persons or more.
(b) “5599 Miscellaneous retail trade, general merchandise (with less than 50
employees)”
Establishments engaged in retail sales of clothing (classification 56), food (do.
57), housing (do. 58~60) given in Table 2 where either of the sales amount of
clothing, food and housing is less than 50% of the total amount of retail sales,
and the number of employees is less than 50 persons.
(c) “5711 Grocery stores”
Establishments classified under “57 Retail trade (Food and beverages)”
engaged in retails for items in three or more 3-digit classifications between
“572 to 579,” and annual sales for either of the items not amounting to 50% of
“Total retail sales of foods and beverages.”
(d) “5791 Convenience stores (primarily for sale of staple food and beverages)”
Establishments classified under “57 Retail trade (Food and beverages)”
adopting the self-service system, with a sales floor space from 30m2 or more to
less than 250m2, and the business hours are 14 hours or more a day.
(e) “6091 Tobacco and smoking article specialty stores”
Establishments where sales of “60911 Tobacco and smoking goods” take up
90% or more of total retail sales.
Table 2
By clothing, food
and housing
Clothing
Food
Housing
Classification
56
57
58
59
60
Name of classification
(Retail trade)
Retail trade (Dry goods, apparel and apparel accessories)
Retail trade (Food and beverages)
Retail trade (Motor vehicles and bicycles)
Retail trade (Furniture, household utensil and appliance)
Miscellaneous retail trade
3. Explanation of Major Terms
(1) Establishment (commercial establishments)
Establishments are places of business that, as a rule, are primarily engaged in
purchasing and reselling of tangible commodities.
(2) Wholesale trade
Establishments engaged in the following are classified as wholesalers:
1) Selling commodities to retailer or other wholesalers.
2) Selling a massive amount or large sum of commodities for business use to
7
industrial users (construction, manufacturer, transport, eating and drinking
places, hotels, hospitals, schools, government, public service corporations,
etc.).
3) Selling commodities mainly used for business use (office machinery,
apparatus
and
furniture,
shops/restaurants/hotels,
equipment
industrial
machinery
for
hospitals/beauty
(except
agricultural
equipment), construction material (lumber, cement, plate glass, tile, etc.)).
4) Establishments belonging to companies engaged in manufacturing for selling
their own products (except those establishments mainly engaged in
management).
For example, when a company which manufactures electrical household
appliances, and has a branch in other places than the manufacturing factory
for selling its own products to wholesalers and retailers, this branch is
classified as “Wholesaler.”
5) Establishments engaged in wholesales of commodities as well as repairing
commodities of the same kind. Even in cases where the income from repair
fees exceeds that of sales of the same kind, these establishments will be
classified as “Wholesale trade” instead of “Repair service shop.”
6) Establishments mainly engaged in sales of commodities on behalf of other
firms or individuals or acting as an intermediary for the sale of commodities
(Agents and brokers).
In general, agents, brokers and assemblers of agricultural products are
included in “Agents and brokers.”
(3) Retail trade
Establishments engaged in the following are classified as retailers:
1) Establishments engaged in commodity sales to individuals (unincorporated
agricultural, forestry or fishery establishments included) or to household
consumers.
2) Establishments engaged in sales of small quantity or small sum of
commodities to industrial users.
3) Establishments engaged in sales of commodities and repair services of the
same kind. Even in cases where the income from repair fees exceeds that of
sales of the same kind, these establishments will be classified as “Retail trade”
instead of “Repair service shop.” However, establishments engaged exclusively
in repair will be classified as “Repair service shop” (Division Q—Services,
8
elsewhere not classified). In this case, replacement of parts for repair will not
be considered retail of commodities.
4) “Manufacturing retailers” (establishments selling manufactured products to
individuals or household consumers at outlets within the factory premise). For
example, confectioneries, bakeries, lunch providers, tofu stores, pharmacies,
etc.
5) Gasoline service stations
6) Establishments mainly engaged in sales of commodities without having sales
space (includes establishments which have a base office which engages in sales
activities necessary for door-to-door sales or mail order and catalogue sales),
mainly selling to individuals or household consumers.
7) Establishments that are separately managed
Shops that exist in premises of government offices, corporations, factories,
organization, amusement parks, etc., but are not managed by those
establishments, will be classified as “Retailers” as individual establishments.
(4) Single-unit establishment
An establishment without any separately-located head office, branch or sales
office managed by the same entity—one enterprise with one establishment.
(5) Head office
An establishment that manages all of its separately-located branches and sales
offices through the control of a single entity.
In cases where the departments of the head office are located in different places,
the establishment in which its representative, such as the president, has his/her
office is regarded as the head office, and the other establishments as branches.
(6) Branch
An establishment under the control of the separately-located head office, including
establishments generally called branch offices, as well as sales offices, stands,
substations, and shops run by joint enterprise cooperatives primarily engaged in
selling commodities. Intermediate local head offices controlling subordinate
establishments while being under the control of higher-level head office are also
regarded as branches.
9
(7) Opening year
The time when that establishment opened, regardless of business content.
(8) Employees and persons engaged
Number of persons who are engaged in the establishments as of June 1, 2007. The
number of employees is the total of “sole proprietors,” “unpaid family workers,”
“paid officers,” and “regular employees.” The number of “persons engaged”
includes, in addition to the number of employees, that of “temporary employees”
and “workers dispatched from outside units,” and excludes the number of
“employees and temporary employees dispatched to outside units.”
1) “Sole proprietor” is the proprietor of a private business who is engaged in the
actual operations of his/her establishment.
2) “Unpaid family workers” are those who are regularly involved in the business
without being paid for.
3) “Paid officers” are those executives of enterprises being paid for regardless of
providing full-time or part-time service.
4) “Regular employees” are those usually called “full-timers,” or “part-timers”
which come under either of the following:
(a) Persons employed on the indefinite labor contract
(b) Persons employed on the longer than-a-month labor contract
(c) Persons other than (a) or (b) who have been employed for 18 days or
longer per month for both April and May 2007
5) “Temporary employees” are those workers except regular employees employed
for a period of less than one month or on a daily basis.
6) “Workers dispatched from outside units” includes those dispatched from
separately-managed establishments and those sent by subcontractors.
7) “Employees and temporary employees dispatched to outside units” includes
those dispatched to separately-managed establishments and those sent to
other establishments as subcontracted workers.
8) “Total number of hours worked by part-timers divided by eight” are obtained
by converting the number of part-timers considering one worker is engaged in
the business for the average daily working period of 8 hours.
(9) Annual sales of goods
Annual sales of goods means the annual sales amount of tangible commodities
10
(consumption tax included) for the period of April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007. It
therefore does not includes gains on the sale of real estate such as land and
buildings, or gains on the sale of securities such as stocks, gift certificates, prepaid
cards, lottery tickets, and stamps.
(10) Other income
Other income is the total of income gained (including consumption tax) from
business operations other than the sales of tangible commodities, such as repair
fees, commission incidental to the sale of commodities, as well as manufactured
goods shipments, food and beverage section, services and so on, earned during the
one-year period from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007.
(11) Value of goods in stock
Value of goods in stock is the total value (cost of purchase) of all inventories held
for sales purposes as of March 31, 2007.
(12) Self-service system (retailers only)
The “self-service system” is a method of sales, which fulfils the following
conditions:
1) The consumer will see the price of merchandise by way of indicators such as
price tags
2) The consumer will individually carry the desired goods in shopping baskets,
carts or trays supplied by the shop.
3) The consumer will pay the total amount of the goods at the cashier.
Establishments that are considered to adopt the “Self-service system” in the sense
of the Census are those establishments that fulfill the above conditions in at least
50% of the total sales floor space of the establishment.
Such establishments include, for example, general merchandise supermarkets,
specialized supermarkets, home centers, drugstores, convenience stores, one-price
stores, and large-scale auto parts warehouses.
(13) Sales floor space (retailers only)
The aggregate sales floor space actually used for retail sales of the establishment
as of June 1, 2007. Dining rooms, tea lounges, exterior exhibition space,
distribution
centers,
stairways,
walkways,
elevators,
escalators,
lavatories, offices, warehouses, and spaces leased to tenants are excluded.
11
lobbies,
However, the survey of sales floors space for milk stores, new/used motor vehicle
dealers, fixture stores, "tatami" mat stores, gasoline service stations, and
newspaper stores have been omitted.
(14) Annual purchase of goods (Incorporated establishments only)
Annual purchase of goods means the amount of goods purchased by all commercial
establishments of the enterprise during the period between April 1, 2006 to March
31, 2007, therefore, omitting the amount of transfers between the head office and
branches. However, the amount imported from overseas branches has been
included.
4. Notes and Explanations of Terms Used in the Table
Common items
1) “Not reported”
“Not reported” indicated in the headings of the table or within the table
indicates that a survey has not been made for the said item.
(a) For the “Sales floor space,” such establishments classified as milk stores,
motor vehicle stores, fixture stores, “tatami” mat stores, gasoline service
stations and newspaper stores as well as establishments engaged in
door-to-door sales, mail order or catalogue sales which do not have sales
floors have been omitted from the survey.
(b) For “Business hours,” establishments classified as milk stores and
newspaper stores have been omitted.
2) The values of the “Annual sales of goods,” “Value of goods in stock,” and “Other
income” by industrial classification are indicated in million yen figures, rounded
off to the nearest 100 thousand yen. Therefore, the sum of the individual figures
may not necessarily meet the given total.
Volume1 Table 4, 5, 17, and 25
(1) Classification of “Other income” is as follows:
1) Repair fees
When the establishment is selling commodities, the income gained from repair
services that are incidental to the sale of commodities.
2) Commission
When an establishment is working as an agent or broker for the wholesale of a
different establishment, the commission earned by the act of working as an
12
agent or broker.
3) Value of manufactured goods shipments
The value of manufactured goods shipments includes: wholesale sales of
self-manufactured products, wholesale sales of products that have been
produced on consignment by supplying raw materials and finished through an
in-house processing, and income from commissioned processing.
4) Income from food and beverage section
When an establishment runs a facility for eating and drinking, the income
earned through servicing meals and beverages at the said facility.
5) Income from services
Income earned from services provided such as repair not incidental to sales,
laundry, delivery service agents.
6) Income other than the above
Other income except 1) to 5).
(2) The breakdown of “Other income” has been calculated based on its ratio.
Volume 1 Table 4
(1) “Annual sales of goods per 1 ㎡ sales floor space,” a sales productivity index, in
the table is calculated by establishments which have sales floor space.
(2) The following two sales productivity indices in the table: “annual sales of goods
per person engaged” and “annual sales of goods per employee” are calculated
using the number of part-timers converted considering that 1 worker is engaged
in the business for 8 working hours per day (from the 2002 survey).
(3) The sales productivity of “5497 Agents and brokers” is calculated on the basis
of such establishments with annual sales of goods.
Volume 1 Table 7 and 20, Volume 2 Table 5 and 10
(1) Classifications by sales method are as follows:
1) Cash sales
Sales when payment is made in cash. Sales where the payment is made by
checks, merchandise coupons, prepaid cards, and debit cards included.
2) Credit sales
(a) Credit-card sales
Sales when the payment is made by the use of credit cards issued by credit
loan companies.
(b) Other credit sales
13
Credit sales other than the “credit-card sales” mentioned above.
Sales made on promissory notes, installment sales without the use of credit
cards, non-installment credit sales and so on. Regular sales of milk and
newspapers are included in this category.
(2) Total sales during the year by sales method have been calculated by ratio.
Volume 1 Table 9, 10 and 11, Volume 2 Table 6
(1) The classifications for the sales type are as follows.
1) Over-the-counter sales
Over-the-counter sales made in stores, including taking orders and mobile
sales.
2) Door-to-door sales
Sales of commodities by salesmen visiting households.
3) Mail order and catalogue sales
Promoting commodities through media such as catalogues, television, radio
and the Internet, and selling commodities by accepting orders from consumers
via mail, telephone, facsimile, the Internet and bank transfers.
4) Sales by vending machines
Sales made by vending machines of which the establishment manages.
5) Other
Cooked food delivery, catering services, “cooperative buying” through
cooperative stores, regular monthly sales of milk and newspapers and sales
types other than the above.
(2) Annual sales of goods by sales type have been calculated based on ratio.
Volume 1 Table 14 and 15
(1) Parking space for customers (retailers only) are as follows:
A space where the customers can temporarily park their cars, as of June 1, 2007.
Gasoline service stations have been omitted from the survey.
1) Private parking space
Establishments that have their own parking space for customers either
self-owned or by contract.
2) Shared parking space
Establishments that have parking space for customers that are shared with
other establishments and for which the establishment does not have specified
spaces.
14
3) Capacity
The maximum number of motor vehicles that can be parked, and not the
aggregate number of cars which may be parked in one day.
(2) “Combination” in Volume 1 Table 14 and 15 are those establishments that have
both a private parking space and a shared parking space. These establishments
are included in “Establishments that have their own parking space.”
Volume 1 Table 16
(1) The classifications of chain stores (retailers only) is as follows:
1) Establishments as a member of a franchise chain
Under the contract of the establishment (the franchisee) and another
establishment (the franchiser), the franchisee will sell the commodities with
the same image based upon the trademark and management know-how of the
franchiser.
2) Establishments as a member of a voluntary chain
Establishments of the same kind of business joining a common enterprise in
which the headquarters collectively conduct purchasing, distributing,
promoting, and selling activities.
3) Establishments that are not members of the above
Establishments which are not included in either 1) or 2). For example, regular
chains stores (company stores), motor vehicle dealers, dealers of household
electrical appliances, gasoline service stations that were formerly wholesalers.
Volume 1 Table 18, Volume 2 Table 9
The business forms of “Wholesalers” are as follows.
1) Sales establishments of manufacturers
Wholesale establishments where manufacturers sell their own products
(branch offices of which the head offices are manufacturers.)
2) Wholesale establishments other than sales establishments of manufactures.
Wholesale establishments other than 1).
Volume 1 Table 21, Volume 2 Table 11
(1) The suppliers are as follows
1) Transfer between head office and branches
Transfers between own head and branch offices, transfers among branches, or
book transfers of goods between own factories in different locations.
15
2) Manufacturing within own establishment
When products are manufactured at the place where the establishment
intends to retail them.
3) Producers
(a) Parent company
When an establishment purchases goods directly from a manufacturer that
owns more than 50% of its voting rights.
(b) Other producers
An establishment directly purchases goods from manufacturers except (a).
4) Wholesalers and others
When an establishment purchases goods from wholesalers or retailers of
another company and from sales establishments such as branch offices of
manufacturers.
5) Overseas (Direct import)
When an establishment clears customs using its own names and directly
imports goods from abroad.
6) For the sake of convenience, the value of purchase of goods by supplier for
incorporated establishments alone has been calculated by multiplying “7(1)
Annual sales of goods” by “16. Proportion of annual purchase of goods by
supplier (%).”
(2) The customers of wholesale trade are as follows.
1) Transfer between head office and branches
Transfers between own head and branch offices, transfers among branches or
book transfers of goods between own factories in different locations.
2) Wholesaler
When an establishment sells goods to other wholesalers.
3) Retailer
When an establishment sells goods to retailers.
4) Users for industry and others
When an establishment sells goods to industrial users (construction,
manufacturing, transportation, drinking and eating places, hotels, hospitals,
schools, public services, etc.)
5) Overseas (Direct export)
When an establishment clears customs using its own names and directly
exports goods abroad.
6) The value of sales of goods by purchaser for incorporated establishments
16
alone has been calculated by multiplying “Wholesale sales” of “7(1) Annual
sales of goods” by “17. Proportion of annual wholesales by purchaser.”
Volume 1 Table 22, 23 and 24
(1) The units of commercial enterprises have been summarized by extracting
“single-unit
establishments”
and
“head
offices”
from
incorporated
establishments and adding the “Managerial offices of the incorporated
establishments (head offices or headquarters only involved in managerial
services and not in purchase or sales of goods.)”
Furthermore, the “Managerial offices” are only summarized in Volume 1 Table
22~24, and are not included in other statistical tables.
(2) Electronic commerce refers to “Commercial trade (exchange of goods, services,
information or money between the commercial parties which place and accept
orders for commercial transfers of goods) of which the operations concerning
orders are totally or partially made through the computer network.”
However, the Census does not reflect those electronic commerce that do not
amount to over 1% of the “Annual purchase of goods” or “Annual sales of goods.”
Volume 4 Table 4
The italic figures in the classification of department stores/general merchandise
supermarkets are summaries of the sale of those establishments which have been
excluded from the industrial classification of “551 department stores, and general
merchandise supermarkets” according to the “Correspondence Table for the
Classification of “General Retailers” and “Department Stores and General
Merchandise Supermarkets.”
17
Correspondences Table for the Classifications of “General Retailers” and “Department
Stores and General Merchandise Supermarkets”
Department stores and general merchandise super markets
Commodity classification
number and commodity
55111
Men's
clothing/haberdashery
55112
Women's and
children's
clothing/haberdashery
Examples
General retailers
Commodity classification number and commodity
Men’s clothing, Underwear,
Shirts, Neckties, Socks, etc.
Women’s clothing,
Children’s clothing,
Underwear, Blouses, Socks,
etc.
Dry goods, Textiles,
Bedding, Japanese dressing,
Japanese notions, etc.
Shoes, Footwear, Umbrellas,
Bags, Suitcases, Handbags,
Sewing requisites, etc.
55113
Miscellaneous apparel
55114
Apparel accessories
and notions
55115
Food and beverages
Beverages, Liquors,
Seasonings, Fresh meat,
Fresh fish, Dried goods,
Vegetables, Fruits, Candy,
Confectioneries and nuts,
etc.
55116
Furniture
55117
Electrical household
appliances
55118
Household utensils
55119
Miscellaneous
commodities
Japanese style furniture,
Furnishings, Furniture for
religious purposes, Carpets,
Curtains, etc.
Television, Personal
computers, Stereo, VTR,
DVD, Washing machine, etc.
Chinaware, Glassware,
Hardware, Kitchenware,
Gas appliances, Water
appliances, etc.
Pharmaceuticals,
Cosmetics, Detergents,
Books, Stationary, Office
supplies, Precious metal
products, etc.
18
Men’s clothing [56211]
Women’s clothing [56311], Children’s clothing [56321]
Dry goods and cloth [56111], Bedding [56121],
Underwear [56921]
Shoes [56411], Footwear (except shoes) (Japanese style)
[56421], Bags and small cases [56911], Haberdashery,
accessories and notions [56922], Miscellaneous apparel
and apparel accessories [56991]
Liquors [57211], Meat [57311], Eggs and poultry
[57321], Fresh fish [57411], Vegetables [57511], Fruits
[57521], Candy, confectioneries and nuts
(manufacturer-sellers) [57611], Candy, confectioneries
and nuts (except manufacturer-sellers) [57621], Bakery
products (manufacturer-sellers) [57631], Bakery
products (except manufacturer-sellers) [57641], Rice,
barley and other cereals [57711], Milk [57921],
Beverages (except milk and including tea beverages)
[57931], Teas [57941], Delicatessen [57951], Processed
food (“tofu,” “kamaboko,” etc.) [57961], Dry foods
[57971], Miscellaneous foods and beverages [57991]
Furniture [59111], Carpet and curtain [59112], Fixtures
[59121], Tatami mat [59131], Furniture for religious
purposes [59141]
Electrical appliances [59211], Electrical office machines
[59221]
Sewing machine and knitting machines [59291],
Miscellaneous appliances [59299], Hardware [59911],
Kitchenware [59921], Chinaware and glassware
[59931], Miscellaneous household utensils [59991]
New passenger cars [58111], New trucks [58112], Used
passenger car [58121], Used trucks [58122], Motor
vehicle parts and accessories [58131], Motorcycles
[58141], Bicycles [58211], General drugs [60111],
Pharmaceuticals [60121], Toiletries [60131],
Agricultural machines and implements [60211],
Seedlings and seeds [60221], Fertilizers and feeds
[60231], Gasoline [60311], Gas oil [60312], Heavy fuel
oils [60313], Butane gas [60314], Other petroleum
[60319], Kerosene [60321], Propane gas [60322], Other
non-petroleum fuels [60329], Books and magazines
[60411], Newspapers [60421], Paper and stationary
[60431], Sporting goods [60511], Toys and amusement
goods [60521], Musical instruments [60531], Cameras
and photographic materials [60611], Watches, clocks,
glasses, and other optical instruments [60711], Tobacco
and smoking goods [60911], flowers and plants [60921],
Building materials [60931], Jewelry products [60941],
Pets [60951], Pet goods [60952], Antiques [60961], Used
goods (except antiques) [60971], Tourist souvenirs
[60991], Synthetic detergent [60992], Miscellaneous
retail commodities not elsewhere classified [60999]
5. Tabulation by Industry and by Commodity
In the case where the annual sales of goods for an establishment are as follows:
Name of commodity
Commodity classification code
Annual sales of goods
56111
Dry goods and cloth
7 million yen
56311
Women’s clothing
3 million yen
60131
Toiletries
8 million yen
Total
18 million yen
Classified as “5611 Dry goods and cloth stores” according to the Standard Industrial
Classification
for
Japan
(refer
to
“II.
2.
Criteria
for
Classification
of
Establishments”) and accounted for as having “1” establishment in the Report by
Industry (Volumes 1~3).
Number of
establishments
Industrial Classification
5611 Dry goods and cloth stores
Annual sales of goods
1
18 million yen
On the other hand, in the Report by Commodity (Volume 4), the number of
establishments will be observed by commodity, and the establishment above will be
accounted for as “1” establishment for each of the commodities “56111 Dry goods and
cloths,” “56311 Women’s clothing,” and “60131 Toiletries.” Therefore, the number of
establishments for the sub-classification of “56” and “60” will be the aggregate
number of establishments.
56 Dry goods, apparel and apparel accessories (retail trade)
Industrial
Classification
Total
56111 Dry goods, cloths
Aggregate number Annual sales
of establishments of goods
5611 Dry goods
and cloth stores
2
Number of
establishments
10 million yen
Annual sales
of goods
1
56311 Women’s clothing
Number of
establishments
7 million yen
Annual sales
of goods
1
3 million yen
60 Miscellaneous retail trade
Total
60131 Toiletries
Aggregate number Annual sales
of establishments
of goods
1
19
8 million yen
Number of
establishments
Annual sales
of goods
1
8 million yen
6. Reference Table (provided at the end of this report)
Of establishments located within areas requiring paid admission which were not
covered by previous Censuses, the 2007 Census began covering establishments
located within station wickets and toll roads. Therefore, the year-on-year rates
(2007/2004), calculated in consideration of time-series changes, may disagree with
figures calculated using the published results.
The 2004 Census, a simplified survey, uses three-digit commodity classification
numbers instead of five-digit numbers to classify establishments. Accordingly,
industrial classifications are shown in three digits in the 2004 Census.
7. Collection
The response rates are as follows.
Number of
Number of
Response
Number of
surveyed
establishments
rate
establishments
Wholesale
establishments
that submitted
(%)
that gave valid
and Retail
responses
establishments
responses
1,550,196
1,494,535
96.4
1,478,259
1,472,658
Note 1: The number of surveyed establishments, the number of establishments that
submitted responses and the number of establishments that gave valid
responses do not include the number of establishments that have closed,
altered or suspended their business.
Note 2: The response rate = Number of establishment that submitted responses /
Number of surveyed establishments
Note 3: The difference between the number of establishments that submitted
responses and the number of establishments that gave valid responses is the
number of establishments whose responses were invalid.
Note 4: Number of establishments that gave valid responses includes head offices or
headquarters only involved in managerial services.
8. Others
(1) The “-“ figure in the table indicates that there is no relevant figure, “0” and “0.0”
that the figures are less than the minimum unit of description, and “▲” indicates
negative figures. “x” indicates that the figures gained for the item are for 1 or 2
establishments, and that the reporter determines that confidentiality may be
obstructed by the announcement of the figures, however, even when the figures
are gained for more than 3 establishments, when it is apparent that confidentially
20
will be obstructed by the announcement of the figures, they may be restricted.
(2) For the “composition rate” given in the text or in the tables, due to the process of
rounding the figures, the accumulation of the figures may not necessarily meet the
total.
(3) The 1991 Census was not been implemented for Shimabara City and Fukae
Town, Minami Takaki County of Nagasaki Prefecture due to the disaster of the
eruption of Mt. Unzen Fugen, therefore, the figures (number of establishments,
number of employees, total sales during the year) of 1991 do not include the
figures for this area.
(4) The 2002 Census has not been implemented for Miyake Village, Tokyo due to
volcanic activities, therefore, the figures (number of establishments, number of
employees, total sales during the year) of 2002 do not include the figures for this
area.
(5) When reprinting the figures given in this Census, the source must be clarified as
“2007 Census of Commerce, Research and Statistics Department, Economic and
Industrial Policy Bureau, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.”
9. Reference
Contact below for any inquiries in respect of the Census.
Industrial Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Economic and
Industrial Policy Bureau, Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-Ku Tokyo
〒100-8902
Telephone no. 03-3501-9945, 0386 (Direct number)
The major contents of this text may also be found in the homepage of the
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.
URL for access to statistics: http://www.meti.go.jp/english/statistics/
21
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