Owner's Manual
50Hz XP Series Portable Generator
EXHAUST FUMES! ONLY use OUTSIDE far away
‹DEADLY
from windows, doors and vents!
ot intended for use in critical life support
‹Napplications.
this Manual. Provide this manual to any operator of
‹StheAVEgenerator.
Australia 1 800 333 28. New Zealand 09 269 1160
Table of Contents
Introduction.............................................................. 1
Maintenance.......................................................... 11
Read this Manual Thoroughly.................................. 1
3.1 Performing Scheduled Maintenance..............................11
3.2 Maintenance Schedule..................................................11
3.3 Product Specifications...................................................12
3.3.1 Generator Specifications...................................12
3.3.2 Engine Specifications........................................12
3.4 General Recommendations............................................12
3.4.1 Generator Maintenance.....................................12
3.4.2 To Clean the Generator......................................12
3.4.3 Engine Maintenance..........................................12
3.4.4 Checking Oil Level............................................12
3.4.5 Changing the Oil and Oil Filter...........................13
3.4.6 Replacing the Spark Plug..................................13
3.4.7 Battery Replacement.........................................13
3.4.8 Air Filter Replacement.......................................13
3.4.9 Clean Spark Arrestor Screen.............................14
3.4.10 Adjusting Valve Clearance.................................14
3.5General.........................................................................15
3.6 Long Term Storage........................................................15
Safety Rules............................................................ 1
General Information................................................. 4
1.1Unpacking.......................................................................4
1.1.1 Accessory Box...................................................4
1.2Assembly........................................................................4
1.2.1 Assembling the Wheel Kit...................................4
1.2.2 Battery Connection.............................................4
Operation................................................................. 5
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
Know the Generator........................................................5
Hourmeter - With Reset...................................................7
Connection Plugs............................................................7
2.3.1 230 VAC, 15 Amp, AS/NZS 3112 Receptacle......7
How to Use the Generator...............................................8
2.4.1 System Ground...................................................8
2.4.2 Connecting to a Buildings Electrical System........8
2.4.3 Connecting Electrical Loads................................8
Overload Prevention........................................................9
Before Starting the Generator..........................................9
2.6.1 Adding Engine Oil...............................................9
2.6.2 Adding Gasoline..................................................9
Starting the Engine (Electric Start Only).........................10
Starting Pull Start Engines.............................................10
Stopping the Engine......................................................11
Low Oil Level Shutdown System...................................11
Charging the Battery (if equipped).................................11
Troubleshooting..................................................... 16
4.1
Troubleshooting Guide...................................................16
Notes..................................................................... 17
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
Safety Rules
Thank you for purchasing this model by Generac Power Systems,
Inc. This model is a compact, high performance, air-cooled,
engine driven generator designed to supply electrical power to
operate electrical loads where no utility power is available or in
place of utility due to a power outage.
Throughout this publication, and on tags and decals affixed to the
generator, DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and NOTE blocks are
used to alert personnel to special instructions about a particular
operation that may be hazardous if performed incorrectly or
carelessly. Observe them carefully. Their definitions are as
follows:
Read this manual thoroughly
If any portion of this manual is not understood, contact the
nearest Authorized Dealer for starting, operating and servicing
procedures.
The operator is responsible for proper and safe use of the
equipment. We strongly recommend that the operator read this
manual and thoroughly understand all instructions before using
the equipment. We also strongly recommend instructing other
users to properly start and operate the unit. This prepares them
if they need to operate the equipment in an emergency. Save
these instructions for future reference. If you loan this device
to someone, always loan these instructions to the individual
as well.
The generator can operate safely, efficiently and reliably only if it
is properly located, operated and maintained. Before operating or
servicing the generator:
• Become familiar with and strictly adhere to all local, state and
national codes and regulations.
• Study all safety warnings in this manual and on the product
carefully.
• Become familiar with this manual and the unit before use.
The manufacturer cannot anticipate every possible circumstance
that might involve a hazard. The warnings in this manual, and on
tags and decals affixed to the unit are, therefore, not all inclusive.
If using a procedure, work method or operating technique that the
manufacturer does not specifically recommend, ensure that it is
safe for others. Also make sure the procedure, work method or
operating technique utilized does not render the generator unsafe.
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN WAS BASED ON
MACHINES IN PRODUCTION AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION.
GENERAC RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY THIS MANUAL AT
ANY TIME.
INDICATES A HAZARDOUS SITUATION OR ACTION WHICH, IF
NOT AVOIDED, WILL RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates a hazardous situation or action which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation or action which, if not
avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
NOTE:
Notes contain additional information important to a procedure
and will be found within the regular text body of this manual.
These safety warnings cannot eliminate the hazards that they
indicate. Common sense and strict compliance with the special
instructions while performing the action or service are essential to
preventing accidents.
Four commonly used safety symbols accompany the DANGER,
WARNING and CAUTION blocks. The type of information each
indicates is as follows:
his symbol points out important safety
‹Tinformation
that, if not followed, could
endanger personal safety and/or property of
others.
$hazard.
This symbol points out potential fire hazard.
!
This symbol points out potential electrical
+shock hazard.
This symbol points out potential explosion
1
Safety Rules
General Hazards
EXHAUST & LOCATION Hazards
• NEVER operate in an enclosed area, in a vehicle, or indoors
EVEN IF doors and windows are open.
• For safety reasons, the manufacturer recommends that the
maintenance of this equipment is carried out by an Authorized
Dealer. Inspect the generator regularly, and contact the nearest
Authorized Dealer for parts needing repair or replacement.
• Operate generator only on level surfaces and where it will not be
exposed to excessive moisture, dirt, dust or corrosive vapors.
• Keep hands, feet, clothing, etc., away from fans and other
moving parts. Never remove any fan guard or shield while the
unit is operating.
• Certain parts of the generator get extremely hot during
operation. Keep clear of the generator until it has cooled to
avoid severe burns.
• Do NOT operate generator in the rain.
• Do not alter the construction of the generator or change
controls which might create an unsafe operating condition.
• Never start or stop the unit with electrical loads connected
to receptacles AND with connected devices turned ON. Start
the engine and let it stabilize before connecting electrical
loads. Disconnect all electrical loads before shutting down the
generator.
• Do not insert objects through unit’s cooling slots.
• When working on this equipment, remain alert at all times.
Never work on the equipment when physically or mentally
fatigued.
• Lifting Warning Hazard: A falling generator can result in death,
bodily injury, and/or property damage. Stand clear of generator.
Lift is designed to carry only the weight of the generator. DO
NOT overload lifting bracket. Apply lifting strap or hook through
lift bar hole(s) only. DO NOT lift while generator is running.
• Never use the generator or any of its parts as a step. Stepping
on the unit can stress and break parts, and may result in
dangerous operating conditions from leaking exhaust gases,
fuel leakage, oil leakage, etc.
• On electric start models, disconnect the POSITIVE (+) battery
cable from the engine starter OR the NEGATIVE (-) battery
cable from the battery terminal, whichever is easier, before
transporting the generator.
•
• Never operate in an enclosed area or indoors! NEVER use in
the home, in a vehicle, or in partly enclosed areas such as
garages, even if doors and windows are open! ONLY use
outdoors and far from open windows, doors, vents, and in an
area that will not accumulate deadly exhaust.
• The engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, which
you cannot see or smell. This poisonous gas, if breathed in
sufficient concentrations, can cause unconsciousness or even
death.
• Adequate, unobstructed flow of cooling and ventilating air
is critical to correct generator operation. Do not alter the
installation or permit even partial blockage of ventilation
provisions, as this can seriously affect safe operation of the
generator. The generator MUST be operated outdoors.
• This exhaust system must be properly maintained. Do nothing
that might render the exhaust system unsafe or in noncompliance
with any local codes and/or standards.
• Always use a battery operated carbon monoxide alarm indoors,
installed according to the manufacturer's instructions.
• If you start to feel sick, dizzy, or weak after the generator has
been running, move to fresh air IMMEDIATELY. See a doctor, as
you could have carbon monoxide poisoning.
Electrical Hazards
• The generator produces dangerously high voltage when in
operation. Avoid contact with bare wires, terminals, connections,
etc., while the unit is running, even on equipment connected
to the generator. Ensure all appropriate covers, guards and
barriers are in place before operating the generator.
• Never handle any kind of electrical cord or device while
standing in water, while barefoot or while hands or feet are wet.
DANGEROUS ELECTRICAL SHOCK MAY RESULT.
2
Safety Rules
• The National Electric Code (NEC) requires the frame and external
electrically conductive parts of the generator be properly
connected to an approved earth ground. Local electrical codes
may also require proper grounding of the generator. Consult
with a local electrician for grounding requirements in the area.
• Use a ground fault circuit interrupter in any damp or highly
conductive area (such as metal decking or steel work).
• Do not use worn, bare, frayed or otherwise damaged electrical
cord sets with the generator.
• Before performing any maintenance on the generator, disconnect
the engine starting battery (if equipped) to prevent accidental
start up. Disconnect the cable from the battery post indicated
by a NEGATIVE, NEG or (–) first. Reconnect that cable last.
• In case of accident caused by electric shock, immediately shut
down the source of electrical power. If this is not possible,
attempt to free the victim from the live conductor. AVOID
DIRECT CONTACT WITH THE VICTIM. Use a non-conducting
implement, such as a rope or board, to free the victim from the
live conductor. If the victim is unconscious, apply first aid and
get immediate medical help.
MODEL NO:
SERIAL NO:
Unit ID Location
FIRE Hazards
• Gasoline is highly FLAMMABLE and its vapors are EXPLOSIVE.
NEVER permit smoking, open flames, sparks or heat in the
vicinity while handling gasoline.
• Never add fuel while unit is running or hot. Allow engine to cool
completely before adding fuel.
• Never fill fuel tank indoors. Comply with all laws regulating
storage and handling of gasoline.
• Do not overfill the fuel tank. Always allow room for fuel
expansion. If tank is over-filled, fuel can overflow onto a hot
engine and cause FIRE or an EXPLOSION. Never store generator
with fuel in tank where gasoline vapors might reach an open
flame, spark or pilot light (as on a furnace, water heater or
clothes dryer). FIRE or EXPLOSION may result. Allow unit to
cool entirely before storage.
• Wipe up any fuel or oil spills immediately. Ensure that no
combustible materials are left on or near the generator. Keep the
area surrounding the generator clean and free from debris and
keep a clearance of five (5) feet on all side to allow for proper
ventilation of the generator.
• Do not insert objects through unit’s cooling slots.
• NEVER operate the generator if connected electrical devices
overheat, if electrical output is lost, if engine or generator sparks
or if flames or smoke are observed while unit is running.
• Keep a fire extinguisher near the generator at all times.
• Do not operate in a hazardous location where there may be a
risk of explosion of petrol fumes, leaking fuel or explosive dusts.
3
General Information
1.1unpacking
1.2.2 battery connection
• Remove all packaging material.
• Remove separate accessory box.
• Remove carton off the generator.
1.1.1 accessory box
• 2 – Wheels
• 2 – Hair Pins
• Spark Plug
• Air Filter
• Oil Filter
• 2 – Bolts
• 2 – 5/8" Flat Washers (thin)
• 2 – 1 Quart SAE 30 Oil Bottles
• Oil Funnel
• 2 – Frame Feet
• 12 Volt Adaptor Plug Charger
• Spark Plug Wrench
• Shop Towel
• 2 – Flat Washers (small)
• 2 – 5/8" Flat Washers (thick)
1.2assembly
Read entire Owner's Manual before attempting to assemble or
operate the generator. The generator requires some assembly
prior to using it. If problems arise when assembling the generator,
please call an authorized dealer at 1 800 333 28 for Australia and
09 269 1160 for New Zealand.
1.2.1ASSEMBLING THE WHEEL KIT
The wheel kit is designed to greatly improve the portability of the
generator. A 10mm wrench is needed to install the Frame Feet.
NOTE:
The wheel kit is not intended for over-the-road use.
Refer to Figure 1 and install the feet and wheels as follows:
1. Align the hole in the frame foot to the hole in the frame. Secure
foot with a bolt and flat washer (small). Repeat for other foot.
2. Slide the axle through the holes on the axle brackets.
3. Slide on one 5/8" flat washer (thick), the wheel and a 5/8" flat
washer (thin) onto the axle.
4. Secure with hair pin and repeat for the other wheel.
Figure 1 – Wheel Assembly
4
NOTE:
The battery shipped with the generator has been fully charged.
A battery may lose some of its charge when not in use for
prolonged periods of time. If the battery is unable to crank
the engine, plug in the 12V charger included in the accessory
box (see the Charging a Battery section). RUNNING THE
GENERATOR WILL CHARGE THE BATTERY.
The unit has been deliberately shipped with the battery cables
disconnected. You will need two 8mm wrenches to secure the
battery cables.
See Figure 2 for connection details.
1. Cut off cable ties securing the battery cables.
2. First, connect the red battery cable and the red battery charger
wire to the positive (+) battery terminal. Use the supplied
screw and lock nut.
3. Connect the black battery cable and the black battery charger
wire to the negative (-) battery terminal. Use the supplied
screw and lock nut.
4. Make sure all connections are secure. Slide the rubber boots
over the terminals and connection hardware.
Figure 2 - Battery Connections
Operation
2.1know the generator
Read the Owner’s Manual and Safety Rules before operating
this generator.
Compare the generator to Figures 3 through 5 to become familiar
with the locations of various controls and adjustments. Save this
manual for future reference.
1. 230 Volt AC, 15 Amp, AS/NZS 3112 – Supplies electrical
power for the operation of 230 Volt AC, 15 Amp, single-phase,
50 Hz electrical lighting, appliance, tool and motor loads.
2.Circuit Breakers (AC) – Each receptacle is provided with a
push-to-reset circuit breaker to protect the generator against
electrical overload.
3.Fuse – This 1.5 Amp fuse protects the Battery Charger Input
jack.
4.Hourmeter – Tracks hours of operation and alerts to service
intervals.
5.Choke Knob – Used when starting a cold engine.
6. Start Switch - Use to start engine from the starter motor.
Note:
The switch must be in the “On” position when starting the
engine from the recoil starter.
7. Spark Plug - See the Maintenance Schedule and Engine
Specification sections for details.
8. Oil Filter - See the Maintenance Schedule and Engine
Specification sections for details.
9. Oil Drain – Use to drain engine oil.
10.Oil Fill – Add oil here.
11.Air Filter – Filters intake air as it is drawn into the engine.
12.Recoil Starter - Use to start engine manually.
13.Muffler – Quiets the engine.
14.Spark Arrestor – Reduces fire hazards by containing sparks.
15.Grounding Lug – Ground the generator to an approved earth
ground here. See "Grounding the Generator" for details.
16.Handles – Pivot and retract for storage. Press the springloaded button to move handles.
17.Fuel Tank – See generator Specifications for tank capacity.
18.Gas Cap – Fuel fill location.
19.Fuel Gauge – Shows fuel level in tank.
20.Battery - Powers the electric starter motor.
21.Battery Charger Input - This receptacle allows the capability
to recharge the battery from the adaptor plug charger.
22.Lifting Device – use to lift and store the generator after use.
See Lifting Safety notes in the beginning of this manual.
23.Fuel Shut Off – Valve between fuel tank and carburetor.
Figure 3 - 5,600 Watt Control Panel
5
Operation
Figure 4 - 6,400 Watt Control Panel
Figure 5 - Generator Controls
19
7
8
22
17
18
410cc Engine for
5.6 & 6.4 kW Models
11
16
10
14
20
9
12
13
15
6
Operation
2.2 HOURMETER - WITH RESET
2.3 connection plugs
The Hourmeter tracks hours of operation for scheduled maintenance
(see chart) (Figure 6).
2.3.1 230 VAC, 15 amp, AS/NZS 3112 receptacle
Operation: Push and release the reset button to toggle between
screens. The hours count backwards from the set interval as
shown in the chart.
When the meter reaches 5 hours,the text "CHG OIL" (or "SVC AIR
FILTER" or "CHG PLUG") will flash continually for two minutes.
After this time, the meter will go back to displaying the total hours
of the unit (for 2 minutes). This cycle will repeat for the entire 5
hours.
When the service interval reaches zero hours, the text "NOW"
replaces the hours remaining.
For a new generator for instance, the message will say "CHG OIL"
then flash "in 30". This means that in 30 hours, the oil will need to
be changed. Pressing the button a few more times will bring the
meter back to the screen that shows the total hours run.
This is a 230 Volt outlet protected against overload by a 15 Amp
push-to-reset circuit breaker (Figure 7). Use each socket to power
230 Volt AC, single phase, 50 Hz electrical loads requiring up to a
combined 3450 watts (3.4 kW) or 15 Amps of current. Use only
high quality, well-insulated, 3-wire grounded cord sets rated for
230 Volts at 15 Amps (or greater).
Keep extension cords as short as possible, preferably less than 5
meters long, to prevent voltage drop and possible overheating of
wires.
Figure 7 – 230 Volt AC, 15 Amp, AS/NZS 3112
Receptacle
Reset: Toggle to the alert that you wish to reset then hold the
button down for 9 seconds. The maintenance hours are reset when
the display shows "0000.0".
NOTE:
The hour glass graphic will flash on and off when the engine
is running. This signifies that the meter is tracking hours of
operation.
Figure 6 – Hourmeter
0000.0
HOUR GLASS
GRAPHIC
RESET BUTTON
(IF EQUIPPED)
Hourmeter (With Reset) Chart
Message
Frequency of Message
Interval
CHG OIL
Initial break-in period
First 30 Hours
CHG OIL
Re-occuring
100 hours
SVC AIR FILTER
Re-occuring
200 hours
CHG PLUG
Re-occuring
200 hours
Duration of message
ON/OFF for 2 minutes in a 5
hour period
7
Operation
2.4how to use the generator
2.4.1SYSTEM GROUND
To obtain contact information for the nearest authorized dealer,
contact AllPower Industries. For Australia 1 800 333 28, for New
Zealand 09 269 1160.
The generator has a system ground that connects the generator
frame components to the ground terminals on the AC output
receptacles.
ever operate in an enclosed area or indoors! NEVER
N
use in the home, in a vehicle, or in partly enclosed
areas such as garages, even if doors and windows are
open! ONLY use outdoors and far from open windows,
doors, vents, and in an area that will not accumulate
deadly exhaust.
The engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide,
which you cannot see or smell. This poisonous gas,
if breathed in sufficient concentrations, can cause
unconsciousness or even death.
‹
‹
dequate, unobstructed flow of cooling and ventilating
is critical to correct generator operation. Do not
‹Aairalter
the installation or permit even partial blockage of
ventilation provisions, as this can seriously affect safe
operation of the generator. The generator MUST be
operated outdoors.
his exhaust system must be properly maintained. Do
that might render the exhaust system unsafe
‹Tnothing
or in noncompliance with any local codes and/or
standards.
he manufacturer recommends installing a battery
carbon monoxide alarm indoors, according to
‹Toperated
the manufacturers instructions.
Special Requirements
There may be federal, state, safety or health administration
regulations, local codes, or ordinances that apply to the intended
use of the generator.
Please consult a qualified electrician, electrical inspector, or the
local agency having jurisdiction:
• In some areas, generators are required to be registered with
local utility companies.
• If the generator is used at a construction site, there may be
additional regulations which must be observed.
2.4.2Connecting to a Building’s Electrical
System
Connections for standby power to a building’s electrical system
must be made by a qualified electrician. The connection must
isolate the generator power from utility power or other alternative
power sources and must comply with all applicable laws and
electrical codes.
Grounding The Generator
Local electrical codes may require proper grounding of the unit
(Figure 8). For that purpose, connecting a 2.59mm stranded
copper wire to the grounding lug and to an earth-driven copper
or brass grounding rod (electrode) provides adequate protection
against electrical shock. However, local codes may vary widely.
Consult with a local electrician for grounding requirements in
the area.
2.4.3 connecting electrical loads
DO NOT connect 120 Volt loads to 230 Volt receptacles.
DO NOT connect 3 phase loads to the generator.
DO NOT connect 60 Hz loads to the generator.
• Let engine stabilize and warm up for a few minutes after
starting.
• Plug in and turn on the desired 230 Volt AC, single phase, 50
Hz electrical loads.
• Add up the rated watts (or amps) of all loads to be connected
at one time. This total should no be greater than (a) the rated
wattage/amperage capacity of the generator or (b) circuit
breaker rating of the receptacle supplying the power. See “Don’t
Overload the Generator.
8
Operation
Figure 8 - Grounding the Generator
SAE 30
1 0 W- 3 0
Synthetic 5W-3 0
ny attempt to crank or start the engine before it has
‹Abeen
properly serviced with the recommended oil may
result in an engine failure.
2.5overload Prevention
Overloading a generator in excess of its rated wattage capacity
can result in damage to the generator and to connected electrical
devices. Observe the following to prevent overloading the unit:
• Add up the total wattage of all electrical devices to be connected
at one time. This total should NOT be greater than the
generator's wattage capacity.
• The rated wattage of lights can be taken from light bulbs. The
rated wattage of tools, appliances and motors can usually be
found on a data label or decal affixed to the device.
• If the appliance, tool or motor does not give wattage, multiply
volts times ampere rating to determine watts (volts x amps =
watts).
• Some electric motors, such as induction types, require about
three times more watts of power for starting than for running.
This surge of power lasts only a few seconds when starting
such motors. Make sure to allow for high starting wattage when
selecting electrical devices to connect to the generator:
1. Figure the watts needed to start the largest motor.
2. Add to that figure the running watts of all other connected
loads.
2.6before starting the generator
Prior to operating the generator, engine oil and gasoline will need
to be added, as follows:
2.6.1 adding engine oil
All oil should meet minimum American Petroleum Institute (API)
Service Class SJ, SL or better. Use no special additives. Select
the oil's viscosity grade according to the expected operating
temperature (also see chart).
• Above 4 Deg. C, use SAE 30
• Below 4 Deg. C and down to -12 Deg. C, use 10W-30
• Use synthetic 5W-30 for all temperature ranges.
1. Place generator on a level surface (not to exceed 15° in any
direction).
2. Clean area around oil fill and remove oil fill cap.
3. Slowly fill engine with oil through the oil fill opening until it
reaches the full mark. Stop filling occasionally to check oil
level. The engine is full when the oil level reaches the bottom
threads of the mating oil fill cap (Figure 9).
4. Install the oil fill cap and finger tighten securely.
5. Check engine oil level before starting each time thereafter.
Figure 9 – Oil Level
2.6.2 adding gasoline
Never fill fuel tank indoors. Avoid spilling gasoline on
$hot engine. Allow engine to cool entirely before adding
fuel. Never fill fuel tank when engine is running or hot.
DO NOT light a cigarette or smoke when filling the fuel
tank. Gasoline is highly flammable and its vapors are
explosive.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Always leave room for fuel
$expansion. If the fuel tank is overfilled, fuel can over flow
onto a hot engine and cause fire or an explosion. Wipe
up any spilled fuel immediately.
9
Operation
1. Use regular UNLEADED gasoline with the generator engine. Do
not use any gasoline containing more than 10% ethanol. Do
not mix oil with gasoline.
2. Clean area around fuel fill cap, remove cap.
3. Slowly add unleaded regular gasoline to fuel tank. Be careful
not to overfill (Figure 10).
4. Install fuel cap and wipe up any spilled gasoline.
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent gum deposits from forming
in fuel system parts such as the carburetor, fuel hose or tank
during storage. Alcohol-blended fuels (called gasohol, ethanol
or methanol) can attract moisture, which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or
longer. See the "Storage" section. Never use engine or carburetor
cleaner products in the fuel tank as permanent damage may occur.
Figure 10 - Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank
Fuel
DO NOT Fill Above Lip
2.7Starting THE ENGINE (Electric Start
Only)
IMPORTANT: Do not overload the generator. Also, do not overload
individual panel receptacles. These outlets are protected against
overload with push-to-reset type circuit breakers. If amperage
rating of any circuit breaker is exceeded, that breaker opens and
electrical output to that receptacle is lost. Read “Don’t Overload the
Generator” carefully.
2.8 Starting pull start Engines
+into the receptacles AND devices turned on.
Never start or stop engine with electrical devices plugged
1. Unplug all electrical loads from the unit's receptacles before
starting the engine.
2. Make sure the unit is in a level position (not to exceed 15° in
any direction).
3.Open the Fuel Shut-off Valve (Figure 11).
4. Turn the OFF/ON/START switch to the "ON" position.
5. Pull the choke knob outward (Figure 11).
6. To start engine, firmly grasp the recoil handle and pull slowly
until increased resistance is felt. Pull rapidly up and away.
7. When engine starts, move the choke knob to the 1/2-choke
position until engine runs smoothly and then fully to the Run
position. If engine falters, move choke back out to 1/2-choke
until engine runs smoothly and then to Run.
Note:
If engine fires, but does not continue to run, move choke to Full
Choke and repeat starting instructions.
Figure 11 - Fuel Shut-off Valve
+into the receptacles AND devices turned on.
Never start or stop engine with electrical devices plugged
1. Unplug all electrical loads from the unit's receptacles before
starting the engine.
2. Make sure the unit is in a level position (not to exceed 15° in
any direction).
3. Open the fuel shut-off valve (Figure 11).
4. Pull the CHOKE knob outward to “Full Choke” position (Figure
11).
5. To start engine, press and hold the Start/Run/Stop switch in
the “Start” position. The engine will crank and attempt to start.
When the engine starts, release the switch to the run position.
6. When the engine starts, push choke knob in to “1/2 Choke”
position until the engine runs smoothly and then fully in to the
“Run” position. If engine falters, pull the choke knob back out
to “1/2 Choke” position until the engine runs smoothly and
then to “Run” position.
7. These portables are also equipped with a manual recoil starter
which may be used if the battery is discharged.
10
CHOKE
FUEL SHUTOFF
VALVE
IMPORTANT: Do not overload the generator. Also, do not overload
individual panel receptacles. These outlets are protected against
overload with push-to-reset type circuit breakers. If amperage
rating of any circuit breaker is exceeded, that breaker opens and
electrical output to that receptacle is lost. Read “Don’t Overload the
Generator” carefully.
Maintenance
2.9 STOPPING THE ENGINE
1. Shut off all loads, then unplug the electrical loads from
generator panel receptacles. Never start or stop the engine
with electrical devices plugged in and turned on.
2. Let engine run at no-load for several minutes to stabilize the
internal temperatures of engine and generator.
3. Move START/RUN/STOP switch to the "OFF" position.
4. Close fuel valve.
2.10LOW OIL Level SHUTDOWN SYSTEM
The engine is equipped with a low oil level sensor that shuts down
the engine automatically when the oil level drops below a specified
level. If the engine shuts down by itself and the fuel tank has
enough gasoline, check engine oil level.
3. Do not plug in the 12V battery charger adapter into the
generator outlets while engine is running to charge the battery.
(The generator has an automatic battery charger on board that
charges when the engine is running.)
NOTE:
Do not use the battery charger for more than 48 hours at one
charge. If the battery is completely discharged, start the unit
per the "Starting Pull Start Engines" section and recharge the
battery by running the unit.
Figure 12 - Battery Charger Jack
BATTERY
If the system senses a low oil level during operation, the engine
shuts down. The engine will not run until the oil has been refilled
to the proper level.
2.11CHARGING the BATTERY (if equipped)
Storage batteries give off explosive hydrogen gas while
$recharging. An explosive mixture will remain around the
battery for a long time after it has been charged. The
slightest spark can ignite the hydrogen and cause an
explosion. Such an explosion can shatter the battery and
cause blindness or other serious injury.
ever permit smoking, open flame, sparks or any
‹Nother
source of heat around a battery. Wear protective
goggles, rubber apron and rubber gloves when working
around a battery. Battery electrolyte fluid is an extremely
corrosive sulfuric acid solution that can cause severe
burns. If spill occurs flush area with clear water
immediately.
NOTE:
The battery shipped with the generator has been fully charged.
A battery may lose some of its charge when not in use for
prolonged periods of time. If the battery is unable to crank the
engine, plug in the 12V charger included in the accessory box
for a maximum time of 48 hours. RUNNING THE GENERATOR
WILL CHARGE THE BATTERY.
Use battery charger plug to keep the battery charged and ready for
use. Battery charging should be done in a dry location.
1. Plug charger into “Battery Charger Input” jack, located on the
control panel. Plug wall receptacle end of the battery charger
into a 230 Volt AC wall outlet (Figure 12).
2. Unplug battery charger from wall outlet and control panel jack
when generator is going to be in use.
CHARGER
INPUT
3.1 Performing Scheduled Maintenance
It is important to perform service as specified in the Maintenance
Schedule for proper generator operation, and to ensure that the
generator complies with the applicable emission standards for the
duration of its useful life. Service and repairs may be performed by
any capable person or repair shop. Additionally, emissions critical
maintenance must be performed as scheduled in order for the
Emissions Warranty to be valid. Emissions critical maintenance
consists of servicing the air filter and spark plugs in accordance
with the Maintenance Schedule.
3.2 Maintenance Schedule
Follow the calendar intervals. More frequent service is required
when operating in adverse conditions noted below.
Check Oil Level
At Each Use
Change Oil and Oil Filter‡
*Every 100 hours or Every Season
Check Valve Clearance
***Every Season
Service Air Filter
** Every 200 hours or Every Season
Replace Spark Plug
Every 200 hours or Every Season
Clean Spark Arrestor Screen Every 100 hours or Every Season
‡ Change oil after first 30 hours of operation then every season.
* Change oil and oil filter every month when operating under heavy load or in high
temperatures.
**Clean more often under dirty or dusty operating conditions. Replace air filter
parts if they cannot be adequately cleaned.
*** Check valve clearance and adjust if necessary after first 50 hours of
operation and every 100 hours thereafter.
11
Maintenance
3.3product specifications
3.3.1 Generator specifications
Model
Rated Max. Power....................................................................5.6 kW**
Surge Power................................................................................8400W
Rated AC Voltage..............................................................................230
Rated Max AC Load
Current @ 230V..............................................................24.3 Amps**
Rated Frequency..................................................... 50 Hz @ 3000 RPM
Phase................................................................................. Single Phase
Rated DC Voltage....................................................................... 12 Volts
Battery Type..................................................................... 10 AH, 12VDC
Model
Rated Max. Power....................................................................6.4 kW**
Surge Power................................................................................9600W
Rated AC Voltage..............................................................................230
Rated Max AC Load
Current @ 230V..............................................................27.8 Amps**
Rated Frequency..................................................... 50 Hz @ 3000 RPM
Phase................................................................................. Single Phase
Rated DC Voltage....................................................................... 12 Volts
Battery Type..................................................................... 10 AH, 12VDC
** Operating temperature range: -18° C (0° F) to 40° C ( 104° F). When operating
above 25° C (77° F), there may be a decrease in engine power.
** Maximum wattage and current are subject to, and limited by, such factors
as fuel Btu content, ambient temperature, altitude, engine condition, etc..
Maximum power decreases about 3.5% for each 305 meters (1,000 feet)
above sea level.
3.3.2Engine Specifications
Displacement................................................................................ 407cc
Spark Plug Type....................................Champion RC14YC or Equivalent
Spark Plug Part No.....................................................................0E7585
Spark Plug Gap.........................................................................0.76 mm
Gasoline Capacity................................................................ 34.07 Liters
Oil Type.................................... See Chart in "Adding Engine Oil" Section
Oil Capacity............................................. w/ Filter Change = 1.42 Liters
w/o Filter Change = 1.136 Liters
Oil Filter Part No. ......................................................................070185B
Run Time/Fuel Consumption-1/2 Load...... 10 Hours / 3.4 Liters per hour
3.4general recommendations
The warranty of the generator does not cover items that have been
subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value
from the warranty, the operator must maintain the generator as
instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly
maintain the generator.
All adjustments in the Maintenance section of this manual should
be made at least once each season. Follow the requirements in the
"Maintenance Schedule".
12
NOTE:
Once a year replace the spark plug and replace the air filter.
A new spark plug and a clean air filter assure proper fuel-air
mixture, and help the engine run better and last longer.
3.4.1generator maintenance
Generator maintenance consists of keeping the unit clean and dry.
Operate and store the unit in a clean dry environment where it will
not be exposed to excessive dust, dirt, moisture or any corrosive
vapors. Cooling air slots in the generator must not become clogged
with snow, leaves, or any other foreign material.
Check the cleanliness of the generator frequently and clean when
dust, dirt, oil, moisture or other foreign substances are visible on
its exterior surface.
ever insert any object or tool through the air cooling
even if the engine is not running.
‹Nslots,
Note:
DO NOT use a garden hose to clean generator. Water can enter
the engine fuel system and cause problems. In addition, if water
enters the generator through cooling air slots, some water will
be retained in voids and crevices of the rotor and stator winding
insulation. Water and dirt buildup on the generator internal
windings will eventually decrease the insulation resistance of
these windings.
3.4.2to clean the generator
• Use a damp cloth to wipe exterior surfaces clean.
• A soft, bristle brush may be used to loosen caked on dirt, oil,
etc.
• A vacuum cleaner may be used to pick up loose dirt and debris.
• Low pressure air (not to exceed 25 psi) may be used to
blow away dirt. Inspect cooling air slots and openings on the
generator. These openings must be kept clean and unobstructed.
3.4.3ENGINE MAINTENANCE
+the negative cable from the battery (if equipped). Also
When working on the generator, always disconnect
disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and keep wire
away from spark plug.
3.4.4Checking Oil Level
See the “Before Starting the Generator” section for information on
checking the oil level. The oil level should be checked before each
use, or at least every eight hours of operation. Keep the oil level
maintained.
Maintenance
3.4.5Changing the Oil and Oil Filter
3.4.7BATTERY REPLACEMENT
Change the oil and oil filter after the first 30 hours of operation.
Change the oil every 100 hours or every season thereafter. If
running this unit under dirty or dusty conditions, or in extremely
hot weather, change the oil more often.
The battery shipped with the generator has been provided fully
charged. Caution must be taken when connecting the battery.
ot oil may cause burns. Allow engine to cool before
oil. Avoid prolonged or repeated skin exposure
‹Hdraining
with used oil. Thoroughly wash exposed areas with soap.
Use the following instructions to change the oil after the engine
cools down:
1. Clean area around oil drain plug.
2. Remove oil drain plug from engine and oil fill plug (or dipstick)
to drain oil completely into a suitable container.
3. When oil has completely drained, install oil drain plug and
tighten securely.
4. Place a suitable container beneath the oil filter and turn filter
counterclockwise to remove. Discard according to local
regulations.
5. Coat gasket of new filter with clean engine oil. Turn filter
clockwise until gasket contacts lightly with filter adapter. Then
tighten an additional 3/4 turn.
6. Fill engine with recommended oil. (See “Before Starting the
Generator” for oil recommendations).
7. Wipe up any spilled oil.
8. Replace oil fill plug.
9. Dispose of used oil at a proper collection center.
3.4.6Replacing the Spark Plug
See Engine Specifications for recommended spark plug. Replace
the plug once each year. This will help the engine start easier and
run better.
1. Stop the engine and pull the spark plug wire off of the spark
plug.
2. Clean the area around the spark plug and remove it from the
cylinder head.
3. Set the spark plug's gap to 0.70-0.80 mm (0.028-0.031 in.).
Install the correctly gapped spark plug into the cylinder head
(Figure 13).
Figure 13 - Spark Plug Gap
NOTE:
A battery may lose some of its charge when not in use for
prolonged periods of time. The battery may have to be recharged
before the first use. (See the "Know the Generator" section.)
NOTE:
For battery replacement, order battery part number 0G9449.
1. To replace the battery:
2. Slide the boots off of the battery terminals.
3. Disconnect the BLACK battery cable and the black battery
charger wire from the battery Negative terminal (–).
4. Disconnect the RED battery cable and the red battery charger
wire from the battery Positive terminal (+).
5. Remove the battery strap.
To install a new battery:
1. Reverse the steps above.
2. Double check all connections to ensure they are in the correct
location and secure. See Figure 2.
3. Secure battery with battery strap.
Battery Type: CP12-10, 12V, 10AH
3.4.8 air Filter Replacement
The engine will not run properly and may be damaged if using
a dirty air cleaner. Clean or replace the air cleaner paper filter
once a year. Clean or replace more often if operating under dusty
conditions (Figures 14).
To clean or replace paper air filter:
1. Remove air cleaner cover and remove paper filter.
2. Clean paper filter by tapping it gently on a solid surface. If the
filter is too dirty, replace it with a new one (Part No. 073111).
Dispose of the old filter properly.
3. Clean air cleaner cover, then insert new paper filter into the
base of the air cleaner. Re-install air cleaner cover.
Note:
To order a new air filter, please contact the nearest authorized
service center at www.generac.com/DealerLocator.
13
Maintenance
Figure 14 - Air Filter
3.4.10 adjusting valve clearance
BASE
After the first 50 hours of operation, check the valve clearance
in the engine and adjust if necessary.
Important: If feeling uncomfortable about doing this procedure or
the proper tools are not available, please take the generator to the
nearest service center to have the valve clearance adjusted. This is
a very important step to insure longest life for the engine.
To check valve clearance:
FILTER
COVER
3.4.9 clean spark arrestor screen
The engine exhaust muffler has a spark arrestor screen. Inspect
and clean the screen at least once each year (Figure 15). If unit is
used regularly, inspect and clean more often.
NOTE:
If using the generator on any forest-covered, brush-covered
or grass-covered unimproved land, it must equipped with a
spark arrestor. The spark arrestor must be maintained in good
condition by the owner/operator.
Clean and inspect the spark arrestor when the engine is at
ambient temperature as follows:
1. Remove spark arrestor from muffler by removing the screw.
2. Inspect screen and replace if torn, perforated or otherwise
damaged. DO NOT USE a defective screen. If screen is not
damaged, clean it with commercial solvent.
3. Replace the spark arrestor and secure with the screw.
Figure 15 - Spark Arrestor
1. Make sure the engine is at room temperature 16 Deg. to 27
Deg. C.
2. Make sure that the spark plug wire is removed from the spark
plug and out of the way. Remove spark plug.
3. Remove the four screws attaching the valve cover(s).
4. Make sure the piston is at Top Dead Center (TDC) of its
compression stroke (both valves closed). To get the piston
at TDC, remove the intake screen at the front of the engine to
gain access to the flywheel nut. Use a large socket and socket
wrench to rotate the nut and hence the engine in a clockwise
direction while watching the piston through the spark plug
hole. The piston should move up and down. The piston is at
TDC when it is up as high as it can go.
5. Insert a 0.05 - 0.1mm feeler gauge between the rocker arm
and valve stem. Correct clearance is when a slight drag is
felt when sliding the gauge back and forth. If the clearance
is either excessively loose or tight the rocker arms will need
adjusting.
To adjust valve clearance:
1. Loosen the rocker jam nut (Figure 16). Use a 10mm allen
wrench to turn the pivot ball stud, while checking clearance
between the rocker arm and the valve stem with a feeler
gauge. Correct clearance is 0.05-0.1 mm.
NOTE:
The rocker arm jam nut must be held in place as the pivot ball
stud is turned.
When valve clearance is correct, hold the pivot ball stud in place
with the allen wrench (13mm) and tighten the rocker arm jam nut.
Tighten the jam nut to 19.6 N*m torque. After tightening the jam
nut, recheck valve clearance to make sure it did not change.
2. Install new valve cover gasket.
3. Re-attach the valve cover.
NOTE:
Start all four screws before tightening or it will not be possible
to get all the screws in place. Make sure the valve cover gasket
is in place. Replace spark plug.
4. Re-attach the spark plug wire to the spark plug.
14
Maintenance
Figure 16 - Valve Clearance Adjustment
To avoid engine problems, the fuel system should be emptied
before storage of 30 days or longer, as follows:
1. Remove all gasoline from the fuel tank. Use a commercially
available, non-conductive vacuum siphon.
$open flame. Be sure engine is cool. Do not smoke in the
Drain fuel into approved container outdoors, away from
vicinity or light a cigarette.
2. Start and run engine until engine stops from lack of fuel.
3. After the engine cools down, drain oil from crankcase. Refill
with recommended grade.
4. Remove spark plug and pour about 1/2 ounce (15 ml) of
engine oil into the cylinder. Cover spark plug hole with rag. Pull
the recoil starter a couple times to lubricate the piston rings
and cylinder bore.
3.5GENERAL
The generator should be started at least once every 30 days and
be allowed to run at least 30 minutes. If this cannot be done and
the unit must be stored for more than 30 days, use the following
information as a guide to prepare it for storage.
$enclosed, poorly ventilated areas where fumes may reach
NEVER store engine with fuel in tank indoors or in
an open flame, spark or pilot light as on a furnace, water
heater, clothes dryer or other gas appliance.
Allow unit to cool entirely before storage.
‹
‹Avoid spray from spark plug hole when cranking engine.
5. Install and tighten spark plug. Do not connect spark plug wire.
6. Clean the generator outer surfaces. Check that cooling air
slots and openings on generator are open and unobstructed.
7. Store the unit in a clean, dry place.
8. Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
9. Cover the unit with a suitable protective cover that does not
retain moisture.
the generator while engine and exhaust
warm. Allow unit to cool entirely.
‹NareaEVERarecover
3.6long term storage
It is important to prevent gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as the carburetor, fuel hose or tank during
storage. Also, experience indicates that alcohol-blended fuels
(called gasohol, ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture, which
leads to separation and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage.
• If it is not practical to empty the fuel tank and the unit is to be
stored for some time, use a commercially available fuel stabilizer
added to the gasoline to increase the life of the gasoline.
15
Troubleshooting
4.1 Troubleshooting guide
PROBLEM
Cause
CORRECTION
Engine is running, but no AC output
is available.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Circuit breaker is open.
Poor connection or defective cord set.
Connected device is bad.
Fault in generator.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Reset circuit breaker.
Check and repair.
Connect another device that is in good condition.
Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Engine runs well but bogs down
when loads are connected.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Short circuit in a connected load.
Generator is overloaded.
Engine speed is too slow.
Shorted generator circuit.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect shorted electrical load.
See “Don’t Overload the Generator” .
Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Engine will not start; or starts and
runs rough.
1. Fuel Shut-off is OFF.
2. Dirty air filter.
3. Out of gasoline.
4. Stale gasoline.
5. Spark plug wire not connected to spark plug.
6. Bad spark plug.
7. Water in gasoline.
8. Over-choking.
9. Low oil level.
10. Excessive rich fuel mixture.
11. Intake valve stuck open or closed.
12. Engine has lost compression.
1. Turn Fuel Shut-off to ON.
2. Clean or replace air filter.
3. Fill fuel tank.
4. Drain fuel tank and fill with fresh fuel.
5. Connect wire to spark plug.
6. Replace spark plug.
7. Drain fuel tank; fill with fresh fuel.
8. Put choke knob to No Choke position.
9. Fill crankcase to proper level.
10. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
11. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
12. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Engine shuts down during
operation.
1. Out of gasoline.
2. Low oil level.
3. Fault in engine.
1. Fill fuel tank.
2. Fill crankcase to proper level.
3. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Engine lacks power.
1. Load is too high.
2. Dirty air filter.
3. Engine needs to be serviced.
1. Reduce load (see “Don’t Overload the Generator”).
2. Clean or replace air filter.
3. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
Engine “hunts” or falters.
1. Choke is opened too soon.
1. M
ove choke to halfway position until engine runs
smoothly.
2. Contact Authorized Service Facility.
2. Carburetor is running too rich or too lean.
16
Notes
17
Manual Part No. 0K2057
Rev. A (01/16/12)
Printed in U.S.A.
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